Apple | Power Macintosh 8600 | Technical information | Apple Power Macintosh 8600 Technical information

Follow the instructions in this
chapter to set up your computer.
1
Setting Up Your Computer
The illustration on the next page shows all the equipment you will need to set
up your computer and begin using it. (Note that your monitor and keyboard
may look slightly different depending on what you purchased.)
Before following the setup instructions in this chapter, you may want to read
“Arranging Your Office” in Appendix A for tips on adjusting your work
furniture so that you’re comfortable when using the computer.
This chapter describes the basics of setting up your computer: plugging it in;
connecting a monitor, keyboard, and mouse; and turning it on for the first
time. For information on connecting and installing other equipment, such as
external hard disks, printers, audio equipment, memory, and expansion cards,
see Chapter 7, “Connecting Additional Equipment” and Chapter 8, “Installing
PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory,” after you have followed the
instructions in this chapter to set up your computer.
1
Monitor
Macintosh computer
Keyboard cable
(sometimes built
into the keyboard
as shown here)
Mouse
Keyboard
Apple PlainTalk Microphone (optional)
Computer power cord
Monitor cable
(sometimes built into the monitor)
Monitor power cord
(sometimes built into the monitor)
Positioning and plugging in the computer
Place your equipment on a sturdy, flat surface near a grounded wall outlet.
(Your computer was designed to be placed on the floor to conserve desk
space, but it can also be placed on any stable, flat surface.)
Before you plug your Macintosh into a wall socket, carefully read all the
setup instructions in this chapter. Then, before you connect any other
equipment to your Macintosh, follow the instructions in this section to plug it
in. The plug grounds the computer and protects it from electrical damage
while you set up. When you are ready to begin, follow these steps:
1
Plug the socket end of the computer’s power cord into the recessed power socket
(marked with the symbol ≤) on the back of the computer.
2
Plug the other end of the power cord into a three-hole grounded outlet or power strip.
WARNING This equipment is intended to be electrically grounded. Your
Macintosh is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug—a plug that
has a third (grounding) pin. This plug will fit only a grounded AC outlet.
This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into the
outlet, contact a licensed electrician to replace the outlet with a properly
grounded outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the grounding plug!
Power cord socket
Power cord plug
Setting Up Your Computer
3
IMPORTANT The only way to disconnect power completely is to unplug the
power cord. Make sure that at least one end of the power cord is within easy
reach so that you can unplug the computer when you need to.
Connecting a monitor
You can connect many types of monitors (often called displays) to your
Macintosh computer, including most standard monitors. See the Technical
Information booklet that came with your computer for a complete list.
This section contains instructions for connecting most types of monitors. You
should also refer to the instructions that came with the monitor for any
special instructions.
IMPORTANT If you are connecting an Apple monitor that has built-in speakers
or a microphone, you may need to install monitor software after you have set
up and turned on your computer. Otherwise, you may not be able to use all
the monitor’s features. See the instructions that came with the monitor for
more information.
Connecting the monitor power cord
At minimum, monitors have two cords to connect: a power cord and a
monitor cable. To connect the monitor power cord, follow these steps:
1
Place the monitor near the computer.
Keep these considerations in mind:
m Allow at least three inches for air circulation around the computer and
monitor.
m Make sure that the top of the screen is slightly below eye level when you’re
sitting at the keyboard.
m Position the monitor to minimize glare and reflections on the screen from
overhead lights and windows.
For further suggestions about positioning your computer equipment, consult
“Arranging Your Office” in Appendix A (in the section on health-related
information).
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Chapter 1
2
Connect the monitor power cord to the monitor.
On some monitors, the cord is already attached.
3
Plug in the monitor power cord.
Some monitor power cords are designed to plug into the back of your
computer.
Some monitor power cords must be connected to a grounded electrical outlet,
not to the computer. Check the information that came with the monitor.
Monitor power socket
Monitor power cord
Setting Up Your Computer
5
Connecting the monitor cable and ADB cable
After you plug in the monitor power cord, you connect the monitor cable to
the computer’s monitor port. Some monitors also include a cable called an
Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) cable, which you connect between the ADB ports
(marked with the V icon) on the monitor and the computer.
To connect the monitor cable and the ADB cable, follow these steps:
1
Attach the monitor cable to the monitor.
On some monitors, the cable is already attached.
2
Attach the monitor cable to the monitor port on the back panel of the computer.
™ Monitor port
6
Chapter 1
Monitor cable
3
If your monitor came with an ADB cable, connect it between the ports marked with the V
icon on the back of the computer and on the back of the monitor.
Auxiliary ADB ports
V Apple Desktop
Bus (ADB) port
Some monitors (such as this Apple Multiple Scan 20 Display) come with an
ADB (V) cable that you can plug into the back of the monitor. The other end
of this cable can be connected to your computer. This allows you to connect
either a keyboard, mouse, or other ADB device directly into your monitor’s
auxiliary ADB ports.
Setting Up Your Computer
7
Connecting the mouse and keyboard
The way you connect the mouse and keyboard depends on whether the
keyboard has a built-in cable or a separate cable.
Connecting a keyboard with a built-in cable
1
Plug the mouse cable into the recessed port on the back of the keyboard.
The plug and the port are marked with the V icon (symbol). The positions of
the port and icon on your keyboard may be different from those pictured.
Plug the mouse into the recessed port on
the keyboard. The flat part of the plug should
be pointing down, as shown here.
This cable plugs into the Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) port,
marked with the V icon, on the back of the computer.
2
8
Chapter 1
If the front or side of your monitor has a port marked with the V icon, plug the keyboard
cable into this port. Otherwise, plug the keyboard cable into the port marked with the
V icon on the back of the computer.
3
If you want to adjust the angle of the keyboard, lower its feet.
To adjust the angle of the keyboard, lower the feet until they snap into position.
Connecting a keyboard with a separate cable
1
Plug the mouse cable into the port on either side of the keyboard.
Most right-handed people prefer to use the mouse with their right hand; most
left-handed people prefer to use their left hand. Plug the mouse into the port
on the side you prefer.
The plug and the port are marked with the V icon (symbol). Align the
symbols before you insert the plug. (The positions of the port and icon on
your keyboard may be different from those pictured here.)
ADB icon
Setting Up Your Computer
9
2
Plug the keyboard cable (both ends are the same) into the other ADB port on the
keyboard.
If you plugged the mouse cable in on the right, for example, plug the keyboard
cable in on the left.
3
If the front or side of your monitor has a port marked with the V icon, plug the keyboard
cable into this port. Otherwise, plug the keyboard cable into the port marked with the
V icon on the back of the computer.
4
If you want to adjust the angle of the keyboard, slide the tab in the back of the keyboard.
A bar extends as the
slide is moved, increasing
the keyboard angle.
Turning the computer on
To turn on the computer for the first time, follow these steps:
1
Turn on your monitor.
See the information that came with your monitor for the location of the power
switch. On newer Apple monitors, the power switch is located on the front of
the unit.
Note: You may not see the monitor power come on until you turn on the
computer in the next step.
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Chapter 1
By the way: Depending on the type of monitor you have, you may only need
to turn it on once. Some monitors will turn off automatically when you shut
down the computer and turn on automatically when you start up the
computer. With other monitor types, you may have to turn the monitor on or
off separately.
2
Turn on your computer by pressing the Power key.
The Power key is marked with a triangle on your keyboard.
You should hear a tone from the computer as it starts up. If you don’t, press
the Power key again, and hold down the key a little longer this time.
3
Check to see what’s on your screen.
You’ll see a sequence of messages describing what is happening, followed by
the Energy Saver dialog box. (If your computer does not start up properly, see
“Problems Turning Your Computer On,” next.)
Setting Up Your Computer
11
4
Do one of the following.
m If you’re a beginning Macintosh user, press the Return key to close this
dialog box. You can set your Energy Saver options later.
m If you’re an experienced Macintosh user, you may want to set your energysaving options now. Click Specify Settings to open the Energy Saver
window. After you are done setting your energy-saving options, click the
close box to close the Energy Saver window.
Close box
Click here for
more help.
12
Chapter 1
5
If you see the Macintosh “desktop” (shown here), skip now to “What’s Next?”
IMPORTANT If you want to turn off your computer, be sure to follow the
proper shutdown procedure explained at the end of Chapter 2, “Learning to
Use Your Computer.”
Setting Up Your Computer
13
Problems turning your computer on?
If you don’t see anything on your screen or you think your computer did not
start up properly, check these items to see if you can identify the problem:
m Is the computer plugged into a power source? If it is plugged into a power
strip, is the power strip turned on?
m Is the computer turned on? The power button on the front panel of the
computer should be illuminated. If it isn’t, press the power button.
m Are the keyboard and mouse cables connected correctly? (Don’t connect or
disconnect the keyboard or mouse cable while the computer is on. You
could damage your equipment. To turn off your computer, press the power
button on its front panel.)
m If you connected an ADB cable between the monitor and the computer, is
it attached firmly to the ports marked with a V icon? (Don’t connect or
disconnect this cable while the computer is on. You could damage your
equipment. To turn off your computer, press the power button on its front
panel.)
m Is the monitor power cord plugged in?
m Is the monitor cable—the one connected to the monitor port (™) on your
computer—attached firmly to both the monitor and the computer?
m Is the monitor turned on? (Check the power-on light on the front of the
monitor.)
m Is the brightness control on the monitor adjusted correctly? (On most
monitors, the brightness control is marked with the symbol ¤.)
m Is the computer asleep? To wake the computer, press the Power key
(marked with a π) on the keyboard. It may take a moment or two for the
computer to wake up.
m If you see a blinking question mark, see Chapter 9, “Start Here If Trouble
Occurs.”
14
Chapter 1
What’s next?
Congratulations—you’ve finished setting up your computer. If this is the first
time you’ve used a Macintosh computer, turn to Chapter 2, “Learning to Use
Your Computer.”
If you already know how to use a Macintosh computer, continue with the next
section, “Where to Find Answers.”
IMPORTANT If you want to turn off your computer, be sure to follow the
proper shutdown procedure explained at the end of Chapter 2, “Learning to
Use Your Computer.”
Setting Up Your Computer
15
Where to find answers
When you have questions about using your Macintosh, there are several
places you can look for answers.
Apple Guide
If you need help or experience a
problem while using the computer,
open the Guide (h) menu and
choose Macintosh Guide (or Mac
OS Guide). The Guide menu is the
main source for information while
you are using the computer.
Macintosh User’s Manual
Use this book to help you
set up your computer and
learn about it, or to find
solutions to problems.
sh
Power Macinto
User’s Manual
Other manuals
For answers to
questions about
other equipment
or about application
programs you have
purchased, see the
manuals that came
with the equipment
or programs.
16
Chapter 1
Apple’s customer
support hotline
If you can’t find an
answer in any of the
materials provided,
call the customer
support hotline.
(The phone number
for the hotline is in the
service and support
information that came
with your computer.)
Four simple tips for using Macintosh Guide effectively
1
When you don’t see Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) in the Guide menu
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) is only available while you’re in the
Finder, the system software program that creates and displays your Macintosh
desktop. To go to the Finder, do one of the following.
m Click the desktop (the colored or patterned background area of your
screen).
m Pull down the Application menu (to the right of the Guide menu) and
choose Finder.
2
When you can’t find the information you need
m In searching for help topics, use one of the three buttons at the top of the
Guide’s initial window by clicking them: Topics, Index, and Look For.
m If you’re in a series of steps and want to return to the list of help topics,
click the Topics button.
3
When you can’t see what’s behind the Guide window
Guide windows stay in front of other windows on the screen so that your
instructions are never covered.
m Drag a Guide window by its title bar to move it out of the way.
m Click the zoom box once to shrink a Guide window. (To expand the
window, click the zoom box a second time.)
4
When you need more information about an instruction or term
m Click the “Huh” button if it is available.
Title bar
Zoom box
“Huh?” button
Navigation buttons
Setting Up Your Computer
17
Identifying Objects
If you see something unfamiliar on the screen, open the
Guide menu and choose Show Balloons. Then point to
the object you want to identify. When you’re done,
choose Hide Balloons from the Guide menu.
Learning the Basics
To learn basic skills, open the Guide menu and
choose Macintosh Tutorial. Then follow the
instructions on the screen.
Getting Help via the Internet
If you have an Internet connection, you can get
information from the Apple World Wide Web site at
http://www.apple.com. (For more information
about the Internet, see Chapter 6.)
18
Chapter 1
The Guide Menu
To find an answer to a question, look in the Guide (h)
menu—your main source of information about your computer.
Getting Answers to Your Questions
To get answers to questions you have while working with
your computer, open the Guide menu and choose Macintosh
Guide (or Mac OS Guide) or a Guide for the program you are
using. Then click one of the three buttons at the top of the
window: Topics, Index, or Look For, and follow the
instructions to choose a subject.
Getting the Latest News
Double-click the hard disk icon to see the “Read Me”
file pictured here, which contains last-minute tips and
news. Many other Read Me documents are in the
Apple Extras folder.
To open a Read Me document that has “pdf” in the
icon or in the file name, you first need to install the
Adobe Acrobat Reader program, which is available in
the Apple Extras folder.
Setting Up Your Computer
19
Reviewing the basics
Use the following illustrations to review the onscreen elements you use to
work with your computer.
Menus
The strip across the top of the screen is called the menu bar. The symbols and
words in it contain menus of commands. To open a menu, place the pointer
on the symbol or word for the menu and press the mouse button.
File, Edit, View, Label, and Special
are also menus.
Apple menu
To choose a control
panel, use this
menu. The Apple
menu also contains
several useful
programs and
folders.
20
Chapter 1
Guide menu
To find an answer to a question,
look in the Guide (h) menu.
Application menu
To see which program is
active or to switch to
another program, use this
menu.
Windows
Windows are boxes that display text, graphics, or icons. To change the shape
or position of a window, or to close a window, use the elements shown here.
Close box
To close a window,
click the close box.
Title bar
To move a window, drag it by the middle of the title
bar (anywhere in the bar except the small boxes).
Zoom box
To size the window so that all of its
contents are visible, click the zoom
box. (Clicking it again returns the
window to its original size.)
To bring a partially
covered window
to the front, click
anywhere in it.
Scroll arrow
To bring hidden portions of a window’s
contents into view, click one of the four
scroll arrows.
Size box
To change the shape or size of
a window, drag the size box.
Setting Up Your Computer
21
Icons
Icons are small pictures that represent disks, programs, documents, and
folders. You can double-click any icon to open it and see what it contains.
This window contains
several icons:
the System Folder,
which contains the
software that runs
the computer, and
icons for a folder,
application program,
document, and
Read Me document.
You will see many
icons similar to these
on your computer.
22
Chapter 1
This icon represents your
computer’s internal hard
disk. Open this icon to see
documents and software
on your hard disk.
To throw away an item you
no longer want, drag it to
the Trash icon and choose
Empty Trash from the
Special menu.
This chapter explains how to get help
from the Guide (h) menu while using
the computer, and how to find a tutorial
that teaches you about your computer.
2
Learning to Use Your Computer
The Guide menu is your main source of information about your computer.
The menu is identified by a question mark (h) in the upper-right corner of
the screen.
Macintosh Tutorial
If you are new to the Macintosh, choose Macintosh Tutorial (sometimes
called the Mac OS Tutorial) first. The tutorial lets you learn by doing—
the fastest way to learn about your computer.
Follow the steps in the next section to choose the tutorial from the
Guide menu.
23
Learning the basics
To start the tutorial, follow these steps:
1
Slide your mouse along your mouse pad or desk.
Hold the mouse as shown, with the cable pointing away from you. Rest the
heel of your palm on the desk and grasp the sides of the mouse as shown.
Slide the mouse around with the index finger resting on the mouse button.
Don’t press the mouse button (under your index finger). Notice that the arrow
(8) on the screen moves in the same direction that you move the mouse.
Mouse button
If the arrow doesn’t move, make sure that the cables connecting the mouse
and keyboard are secure and that your mouse is positioned as shown in the
illustration.
2
Move the tip of the arrow (8) to the question mark (h) in the upper-right portion of
the screen.
If you run out of room on your mouse pad or desk while moving the mouse,
pick it up and place it where there’s more room. (The arrow on the screen
moves only when the mouse is in contact with the mouse pad or desk.)
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Chapter 2
3
With the tip of the arrow on the question mark, press and hold down the mouse button.
A list of choices called a menu appears. This is the Guide (h) menu, which is
the place to go when you have a question about how to use your computer.
4
While holding down the mouse button, move the arrow until the words “Macintosh
Tutorial” are highlighted, then release the mouse button. (On some computers you’ll see
Mac OS Tutorial instead of Macintosh Tutorial.)
A window appears welcoming you to the tutorial. You can set this book aside
for now and follow the instructions on the screen. When you have completed
the tutorial, return to this book and read the next section, “After You Take
the Tutorial.”
IMPORTANT You can stop the tutorial at any point and resume it later. If
you want to turn off your computer, however, be sure to follow the proper
shutdown procedure explained at the end of this chapter.
After you take the tutorial
If you are comfortable with the basic skills taught in the tutorial, you are
ready to use your computer. However, you may have additional questions.
This book can answer some of them, but there are also many other convenient
sources of information. The next section explains how to find answers
you need.
Learning to Use Your Computer
25
Where to find answers
When you have questions about using your Macintosh, there are several
places you can look for answers.
Apple Guide
If you need help or experience a
problem while using the computer,
open the Guide (h) menu and
choose Macintosh Guide (or Mac
OS Guide). The Guide menu is the
main source for information while
you are using the computer.
Macintosh User’s Manual
Use this book to help you
set up your computer and
learn about it, or to find
solutions to problems.
sh
Power Macinto
User’s Manual
Other manuals
For answers to
questions about
other equipment
or about application
programs you have
purchased, see the
manuals that came
with the equipment
or programs.
26
Chapter 2
Apple’s customer
support hotline
If you can’t find an
answer in any of the
materials provided,
call the customer
support hotline.
(The phone number
for the hotline is in the
service and support
information that came
with your computer.)
Four simple tips for using Macintosh Guide effectively
1
When you don’t see Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) in the Guide menu
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) is only available while you’re in the
Finder, the system software program that creates and displays your Macintosh
desktop. To go to the Finder, do one of the following.
m Click the desktop (the colored or patterned background area of your
screen).
m Pull down the Application menu (to the right of the Guide menu) and
choose Finder.
2
When you can’t find the information you need
m In searching for help topics, use one of the three buttons at the top of the
Guide’s initial window by clicking them: Topics, Index, and Look For.
m If you’re in a series of steps and want to return to the list of help topics,
click the Topics button.
3
When you can’t see what’s behind the Guide window
Guide windows stay in front of other windows on the screen so that your
instructions are never covered.
m Drag a Guide window by its title bar to move it out of the way.
m Click the zoom box once to shrink a Guide window. (To expand the
window, click the zoom box a second time.)
4
When you need more information about an instruction or term
m Click the “Huh” button if it is available.
Title bar
Zoom box
“Huh?” button
Navigation buttons
Learning to Use Your Computer
27
Identifying Objects
If you see something unfamiliar on the screen, open the
Guide menu and choose Show Balloons. Then point to
the object you want to identify. When you’re done,
choose Hide Balloons from the Guide menu.
Learning the Basics
To learn basic skills, open the Guide menu and
choose Macintosh Tutorial. Then follow the
instructions on the screen.
Getting Help via the Internet
If you have an Internet connection, you can get
information from the Apple World Wide Web site at
http://www.apple.com. (For more information
about the Internet, see Chapter 6.)
28
Chapter 2
The Guide Menu
To find an answer to a question, look in the Guide (h)
menu—your main source of information about your computer.
Getting Answers to Your Questions
To get answers to questions you have while working with
your computer, open the Guide menu and choose Macintosh
Guide (or Mac OS Guide) or a Guide for the program you are
using. Then click one of the three buttons at the top of the
window: Topics, Index, or Look For, and follow the
instructions to choose a subject.
Getting the Latest News
Double-click the hard disk icon to see the “Read Me”
file pictured here, which contains last-minute tips and
news. Many other Read Me documents are in the
Apple Extras folder.
To open a Read Me document that has “pdf” in the
icon or in the file name, you first need to install the
Adobe Acrobat Reader program, which is available in
the Apple Extras folder.
Learning to Use Your Computer
29
Turning the computer off
To turn your computer off, follow these instructions:
1
Press the Power key (π) on your keyboard.
The following dialog box appears on the screen:
2
Press the Return key on the keyboard (or click the Shut Down button in the dialog box).
You will be prompted to save any unsaved work before the computer
shuts down.
To turn the computer on again, just press the Power key on the keyboard.
Note: In the Finder, you can also turn your computer off by choosing
Shut Down from the Special menu.
30
Chapter 2
Read this chapter for information
on installing and working with
software on your computer.
3
Installing and Using Software
You’ll probably want to purchase and install application program software to
do specific kinds of work on your computer. Application programs let you,
among other things, do word processing; create spreadsheets, databases, and
graphics; play games, alone or with others; and explore the Internet.
Your computer includes some basic application programs as well as other
software. Some are preinstalled and ready for use. Others are optional; if you
want to use them, you must install them first.
This chapter explains how to install and use application programs, and
describes the software that came with your computer.
31
Installing application programs
Most application programs come with an installer that makes it easy to install
them on your hard disk. Follow the instructions in the manuals that came with
the specific programs to install them. Refer to the general instructions below
for additional help on how to use the programs with the Macintosh operating
system (Mac OS).
If you have a virus protection program installed, you should turn it off before
you install an application program. Also, use the Extensions Manager to turn
off system extensions. For more information about Extensions Manager, see
“Checking Your System Extensions” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
In most cases, you’ll install an application program on your internal hard disk
from a CD-ROM disc that contains the program. The illustration below
shows how to insert a CD-ROM disc into your computer’s CD-ROM drive,
the disc lying flat with the label side up.
Some application programs come on floppy disks. The illustration below
shows how to insert a floppy disk.
Insert the floppy disk, metal
end first, into the floppy disk
drive of your computer.
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Chapter 3
After you insert the disk containing your application program, follow the
instructions that came with the program to install it.
To eject a floppy disk or CD-ROM disc after installation is complete, click the
disk icon to select it and choose Put Away from the File menu.
IMPORTANT Never copy an entire CD-ROM disc to your hard disk. (Don’t drag
the disc’s icon to your hard disk.) Copying the CD-ROM disc itself can take up
a substantial amount of space on your hard disk. When you open programs on
some CD-ROM discs, you may get a message telling you to copy or install the
program onto your hard disk. If you get this message, refer to the installation
instructions that came with the CD-ROM disc, or double-click the CD-ROM
disc’s icon to open it, and then copy the CD-ROM disc’s program to your
hard disk.
Installing programs over a network
If your computer is connected to a network, there may be application
programs available on the network that you can install. Though you can run
installer programs over a network, it is usually faster to first copy the program
and its installer onto your computer, and then run the installer to complete
the installation. Carefully read any Read Me file or other instructions you
find with the program you want to install.
Installing and Using Software
33
Opening an application program
You open a program the same way you open other items—by double-clicking
the program’s icon.
When you open a document, the program that created it opens automatically.
Once you are working in a program, you can open other documents in that
program by opening the File menu and choosing Open.
Working with several programs at a time
You can open as many application programs and desk accessories as your
computer’s random-access memory (RAM) allows.
The Application menu in the top-right corner of the screen lists the programs
you have open. The name of the active program (the one you’re using right
now) has a checkmark next to it, and its icon appears in the menu bar.
Application menu (The icon changes to show the active application.)
Commands to hide or
display open windows
A checkmark
indicates the
active program.
Open programs
Finding out which programs are open
If you have several programs and windows open, you can find out which
program is active and which other programs are open by opening the
Application menu.
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Chapter 3
Switching programs
You can switch to another open program by choosing its name from the
Application menu.
If a program’s icon is dimmed in the menu, that means its windows are
hidden. Choosing the program from the Application menu displays its
windows.
You can also switch to another program by clicking in a window that belongs
to an open program or by double-clicking a program icon (or the icon of a
document that was created with the program).
Hiding and showing windows on the desktop
You can hide all windows except those of the active program by choosing
Hide Others from the Application menu. The other programs remain open
even though their windows are hidden. When you switch to another program,
its windows become visible again.
You can hide the active program by choosing the menu item that has “Hide”
next to the program’s name in the Application menu. For example, if the
Finder is active, you can hide it by choosing Hide Finder from the Application
menu.
If you want to see all the open windows, choose Show All from the
Application menu.
Installing and Using Software
35
Five tips for using application programs effectively
1
Use “native” Power Macintosh programs.
2
3
Put only one copy of each program on your hard disk.
4
Don’t install additional System Folders.
5
Use virtual memory.
m Your Power Macintosh is compatible with most application programs
intended for use with Macintosh computers. But it’s best to use Power
Macintosh programs—sometimes called “native” programs—that are
designed especially to take advantage of your computer’s PowerPC™
microprocessor.
m Having more than one copy can cause errors.
If you experience problems with a program, try reinstalling.
m If a program malfunctions consistently, try installing a fresh copy. If that
doesn’t help, find out from the software manufacturer whether your version
of the program is compatible with the hardware and system software
you’re using.
m Whenever you copy a program disk to your hard disk, be careful not to
copy another System Folder. Your startup disk should only contain one
System Folder. Drag any extra System Folders to the Trash.
m If you run out of memory while using Power Macintosh programs, you can
use space on your computer’s hard disk as additional memory (called
“virtual memory”). For instructions, choose Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS
Guide) from the Guide (h) menu and read the information under
“memory” in the Guide’s index.
You can also add more memory to your computer, as described in
Chapter 8, “Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory.”
36
Chapter 3
About the software included with your computer
Your computer includes a lot of software. Some of it is preinstalled and ready
for use, while other software must be installed before you can use it. The
types of software that come with your computer include
m Mac OS operating system software
m Optional system software additions
m Application programs
The following sections provide details about the included software.
Mac OS operating system software
The Mac OS is the basic software that runs the computer itself. It tells the
computer what to do when it starts up, keeps track of your documents, files,
and other software, and helps your computer find out what devices—such as
printers and network cables—are attached to it.
The Mac OS was installed on the internal hard disk at the factory, and starts
automatically when you turn on your computer. Here is some of the software
that comprises the Mac OS:
m The Finder, which displays the desktop and allows you to organize
documents, files, and application programs into folders
m PC Exchange, which lets you work with DOS and Windows disks as if they
were Mac OS disks
m QuickTime, which lets you play digital video on your computer
m AppleScript, which allows you to automate tasks in the Finder and other
scriptable applications (applications that support AppleScript). Instructions
for using AppleScript are in the Apple Extras folder on your hard disk.
m ColorSync, which helps make sure that the colors you see on your monitor
closely match the colors you get on printers, scanners, and other devices.
For more information about ColorSync, see Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS
Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
IMPORTANT System software is preinstalled on your computer. Do not reinstall
system software unless you are experiencing problems or you want to upgrade
to a more recent version. Consult Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques,” before
attempting to reinstall system software.
Installing and Using Software
37
Optional system software additions
Your computer includes optional software that adds other capabilities to the
Mac OS. This software was not installed at the factory, so you have to install it
if you want to use it.
Tip: Some of this software can decrease the amount of memory available for
use by programs. To conserve memory, only install the software you think
you’ll use.
These are some of the optional system software additions included with your
computer:
m OpenDoc, which extends the usefulness of your applications by adding
new functionality in the form of self-contained software components, or
“parts.” A variety of parts will be available from both Apple and thirdparty sources, including parts for placing Internet resources directly into
documents.
m QuickDraw GX, which gives your computer more powerful printing
capabilities
m QuickDraw 3D, which gives your computer the ability to display graphics
in three dimensions
m PlainTalk, which allows your computer to understand spoken commands in
English and Mexican Spanish
m Apple VideoPhone software, which allows you to set up video conferences
and collaborate over a network
To see what is included with your computer, look in the Apple Extras folder
on your hard disk and in the CD Extras folder on the CD-ROM disc that came
with your computer. There is usually a Read Me file that explains each system
software addition in more detail. To install one of these items, look for an
Installer icon, similar to the one below, for the software. Double-click the
Installer and follow the instructions that appear.
38
Chapter 3
Application programs
Your computer comes with application programs to play QuickTime videos, to
play audio CDs in your CD-ROM drive, and to open HyperCard stacks. It also
includes Internet access programs such as the Apple Internet Connection Kit.
To see what’s available, look on your hard disk and on the CD-ROM disc that
came with your computer. Some of the programs are preinstalled, while
others must be installed before you can use them. To install one of these
items, look for an Installer icon for the program. Double-click the Installer
and follow the instructions that appear.
If you have questions about using an application program, refer to the Read
Me file for the program, which is usually found inside the program’s folder.
Some programs also have online help that you can access after you have
installed the program. Look for online help in the Guide (h) menu after you
start the program.
For more information about the Apple Internet Connection Kit, see
Chapter 6, “Using an Online Service or the Internet.”
Backing up your files
Making backup copies of important files is good protection against possible
damage to the originals.
m You can back up files stored on your hard disk by copying them to
floppy disks.
m You can back up an entire floppy disk by copying it to another floppy disk
of the same capacity or larger, or by copying it to a hard disk.
m You can use a commercial backup program to copy new and changed files
from a hard disk to another hard disk, a tape drive, a series of floppy disks,
or to another form of removable media.
m If your computer is on a network, you may be able to back up files by
copying them to a shared disk on the network.
Installing and Using Software
39
Communicating With Other Computers
Chapter 4
Connecting Your Computer to a Telephone Line
Chapter 5
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
Chapter 6
Using an Online Service or the Internet
II
part
Read this chapter for information
about the equipment you need
to get online, such as modems
and ISDN lines.
4
Connecting Your Computer to a Telephone Line
A world of information is now available online. By connecting your computer
to a telephone line, you can access the Internet, send and receive electronic
mail (“e-mail”) and faxes, and connect to online services like America Online
and CompuServe. You can also use a telephone line to access another
Macintosh or an entire AppleTalk network from a remote Macintosh
computer. (For example, you can telecommute by accessing a company
computer network from a remote location, such as a home office.)
To get online, you need special equipment and software. This chapter provides
a brief introduction to the equipment you need. For information about the
software you need to perform online tasks, see Chapter 6, “Using an Online
Service or the Internet.”
43
Types of equipment
There are three types of equipment you can use to get online: a modem,
an ISDN line, and shared telecommunications equipment on your
network.
Modem: A modem may be the most common way to connect a computer to
a phone line, particularly if you are using your computer at home. A
modem works with standard analog telephone lines. For more information
about modems, see the next section, “Choosing and Connecting a
Modem.”
ISDN line: An Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) line is a special
digital phone line that is about four times faster than the fastest modem
used over a standard analog telephone line. However, an ISDN line
typically costs more than regular phone service and may not be available
in your community. For more information about ISDN, see “Connecting
to an ISDN Line” later in this chapter.
Shared telecommunications equipment on your network: One of the advantages
of networks is that you can share equipment, such as printers and file
servers. If your computer is one of many linked together in a network,
there may also be shared communications equipment connected to your
network that will allow you (or anyone else on your network) to get
online. Contact your computer network administrator for more
information. You can also find general information about networks in
Chapter 5, “Connecting Your Computer to a Network.”
44
Chapter 4
Choosing and connecting a modem
A modem is a piece of equipment that turns the data from your computer into
information that can be transmitted over telephone lines. The modem enables
your computer to send and receive telephone calls, to connect to the Internet,
to access online services, and to communicate with other computer users.
Some modems also allow you to transmit documents on your computer to fax
machines as well as receive faxes as documents that you can view on screen
or print.
Keep in mind that when your phone and a modem share a single phone line,
you will not be able to use both at the same time, even if they are attached to
separate phone jacks. While you use a modem, outside callers get a busy
signal and you cannot call out. Conversely, when you use your phone, you
cannot use the modem. (If you miss phone calls because you often use your
modem, you may want to get a second phone line installed or get a phone
company message service which, unlike an answering machine, will record
messages even when your phone is off the hook or you are online.)
Also keep in mind that long-distance charges accrue when your modem dials
long-distance numbers. In most cases, an online service or an Internet service
provider will have a local access phone number so that long-distance charges
do not apply.
Connecting Your Computer to a Telephone Line
45
Choosing a modem
When selecting a modem, look for one with fast data-transfer speed, a
compatible modem cable, and good bundled software.
Data-transfer speed
The data-transfer speed determines how fast a modem can move data
between your computer and other computers. Purchase the fastest modem
that you can afford, particularly if you plan to connect to the World Wide Web.
Many Web pages contain graphics, video, and sound files that will take longer
to download (copy onto your computer) with a slower modem.
The data-transfer speed of a modem is specified in kilobits per second (kbps)
or bits per second (bps). Faster modems transfer data to and from your
computer more quickly than slower ones. The following table describes the
current modem speeds that are available.
Modem speed
Usage
33,600 bps
(33.6 kbps)
The fastest modem available (as of this writing) for use with standard
analog telephone lines. Suitable for World Wide Web use.
28,800 bps
(28.8 kbps)
Slightly slower than a 33.6 kbps modem, but still very suitable
for World Wide Web use.
14,400 bps
(14.4 kbps)
Only half as fast as a 28.8 kbps modem. May be acceptable for
text-oriented applications such as e-mail or terminal emulation.
9600, 4800,
and 2400 bps
Too slow for most purposes.
Modem cable
If you purchase a modem that is designed for use with a Macintosh, it will
probably include a Macintosh-compatible modem cable. If you have to
purchase a cable separately, make sure it supports hardware handshaking, a
protocol that controls the flow of data between computers. Also, check to
make sure the cable has a rounded connector that will fit the modem port on
the back of your computer (labeled with a W icon). A cable designed for use
with a Windows- or DOS-compatible computer won’t work with your
Macintosh.
46
Chapter 4
Bundled software
Many modems include bundled software, such as fax software, a terminal
emulation program, and free trial membership software for online services. If
you can’t decide between two comparatively priced modems, pick the one that
comes with the best bundled software.
Connecting a modem
To connect a modem, follow the instructions in the manuals that came with
your modem.
Note: Some modem models have a single phone jack, while others have two.
If your modem has only one phone jack, consider purchasing a line splitter at
an electronics supply store. A line splitter enables you to plug your phone and
your internal modem into the same jack at the same time. (By the way, you
can keep your answering machine connected to your phone, even if your
phone and modem share the same telephone line.)
IMPORTANT When connecting a modem, make sure you connect the modem to
an analog phone line—the kind used typically in homes. Connecting to an
ISDN line could damage the modem.
IMPORTANT Disconnect your modem from the phone jack during lightning
storms. This will prevent a destructive voltage overload from damaging the
modem.
Connecting to an ISDN line
If you have a home office, telecommute frequently, or routinely need to send
and receive large files, then a 28.8- or 33.6-kbps modem may not be fast
enough for your needs. For faster performance, you may want to consider
connecting your computer to an Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
digital telephone line, which can transfer data at 128 kbps, nearly 4.5 times
faster than a 28.8-kbps modem.
ISDN lines are available to most but not all residential and business telephone
customers. Check with your local phone company to see if ISDN service is
available at your location.
Connecting Your Computer to a Telephone Line
47
There are fixed monthly charges and per-minute usage fees for ISDN, just like
regular phone service. Typically, ISDN costs more than regular phone service,
but it is still affordable for many business and residential purposes. Because
one ISDN line can support several devices simultaneously—such as a
computer, voice phone, and fax machine—you may be able to replace existing
extra phone lines with one ISDN line.
Note: Because an ISDN line requires a power source at your location, a
phone attached to an ISDN line will not work during a power outage. For
emergency use, you should strongly consider keeping your regular analog
phone line, which receives power from the phone company.
Setting up an ISDN line
If you’re interested in setting up an ISDN line, first contact your local phone
company to see if ISDN service is available at your location. Your phone
company can also provide specific information about monthly charges and
usage fees. (Your phone company may also charge an installation fee, which
may be waived or refunded if you agree to keep the ISDN line for a specified
amount of time.)
In addition, you also need to purchase and configure an ISDN terminal
adapter, which connects to the external modem port on your Macintosh and
to the ISDN line. (ISDN terminal adapters are often called “ISDN modems”
because they are somewhat similar to modems.)
Some ISDN terminal adapter models may be difficult to configure with the
network configuration of your employer or Internet service provider (ISP).
Work closely with your computer network administrator or ISP to make sure
you purchase a compatible ISDN terminal adapter.
48
Chapter 4
Read this chapter for information on
physically connecting and configuring
your computer to work on a network.
5
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
Your Macintosh has built-in networking ports so that you can connect it to a
network that consists of as few as two computers or as many as thousands or
even millions of computers and other devices. The network allows you and
the other people connected to it to share information, access remote services,
and share computing resources such as printers and modems.
A network extends the features of your Macintosh by extending your reach to
the services and resources provided on the network. For example, by itself,
your computer lets you store, retrieve, and modify information on hard disks
and floppy disks. On a network, however, you can also store and retrieve
information on servers, access information that other people have stored on
their computers, and use electronic mail and other network services.
You can connect your Macintosh to a LocalTalk network and to a high-speed
Ethernet network. You can also purchase peripheral component interconnect
(PCI) cards for alternative networks such as TokenRing, ISDN, and Fiber
Distributed Data Interface (FDDI).
49
This chapter describes how to connect to and configure your computer on
LocalTalk and Ethernet networks. Refer to the appropriate information source
for other network-related information:
m If your computer is already connected to a network, refer to Macintosh
Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu, for
information about printing on a networked printer, accessing information
on file servers, and sharing files on your computer with other users. Also,
your network administrator can provide information about network
software that may be available, such as Internet access and electronic mail.
m If your location does not currently have a network and you are interested
in setting one up, you should refer to a book on Macintosh networking that
will help you select and plan a network that is appropriate for your
organization. Many books are available, such as Planning and Managing
AppleTalk Networks, an Apple book published by Addison-Wesley that is
available at computer bookstores.
50
Chapter 5
Connecting to a LocalTalk network
To connect your Macintosh to a LocalTalk network, you will need LocalTalk
cables and a LocalTalk adapter. In most cases, the Apple LocalTalk Locking
Connector Kit DIN-8, available from your Apple-authorized dealer, contains
the components you need to connect your Macintosh to an existing LocalTalk
network. If your network uses standard telephone cables for your network
wiring, obtain an Apple LocalTalk RJ-11 Connector instead.
Apple LocalTalk Locking Connector Kit DIN-8
Apple LocalTalk RJ-11 Connector
LocalTalk adapter
LocalTalk adapter
LocalTalk cable
Standard telephone cable
Note: At your location, there may be a network administrator who is
responsible for network maintenance and upkeep. If so, ask your network
administrator to help connect your computer to the network.
To connect your Macintosh to a LocalTalk network, do the following:
1
Shut down your Macintosh.
2
Attach the LocalTalk adapter to the printer port on your computer.
Printer port icon
Printer port
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
51
3
Attach a network cable between the LocalTalk adapter connected to your computer and
the last LocalTalk adapter on your existing network.
Use the LocalTalk cable that comes with the Apple LocalTalk Locking
Connector Kit DIN-8. Use a standard telephone cable with RJ-11 connectors
if you are using the Apple LocalTalk RJ-11 Connector.
Printer port
LocalTalk adapter
LocalTalk cable
Next, see “Configuring Your Network Connection” later in this chapter for
information on configuring your LocalTalk connection.
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Chapter 5
Connecting to an Ethernet network
The built-in Ethernet capabilities of your Macintosh allow you to connect to
any standard Ethernet network using 10Base-T twisted-pair cables, thin or
thick coaxial cables, fiber-optic media, or other standard Ethernet cables.
You can connect directly to an Ethernet network that uses 10Base-T twistedpair cable. To connect your Macintosh to an Ethernet network that uses
coaxial cables, you need one of the following Ethernet media adapters:
m Apple Ethernet Thin Coax Transceiver
m Apple Ethernet AUI Adapter
See your Apple-authorized dealer for more information on Apple Ethernet
media adapters. Refer also to the following instructions for information on
which items to purchase.
WARNING Do not connect cables to the back of your computer when the
computer is on or you may damage your system.
You can connect an adapter and cable for an Ethernet network directly to the
computer without installing an expansion card. You can find the Ethernet
ports on the back of your Macintosh by looking for the Ethernet icon:
Ethernet icon
AAUI Ethernet port
10Base-T Ethernet port
Although you can connect cables to both of these Ethernet ports at the same
time, only one of the ports will be active. For more information, see
“Connecting to Multiple Networks Simultaneously” later in this chapter.
Note: At your location, there may be a network administrator who is
responsible for network maintenance and upkeep. If so, ask your network
administrator to help connect your computer to the network.
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
53
Connecting to a twisted-pair Ethernet network
Follow this procedure to connect your Macintosh to an Ethernet network that
uses twisted-pair cable. The hardware connection requires a twisted-pair
patch cord with an RJ-45 telephone-style connector. You plug the patch cord
into a wall plate that is connected to a centralized 10Base-T hub.
To connect your Macintosh to a twisted-pair Ethernet network:
1
Shut down your Macintosh.
2
Plug one end of the twisted-pair patch cord into the 10Base-T Ethernet port on
your Macintosh.
3
Plug the other end of the twisted-pair patch cord into an RJ-45 wall outlet that is
connected to a twisted-pair Ethernet network.
Ethernet port
(10Base-T)
Wall plate
10Base-T hub
3-meter patch cord
Next, see “Configuring Your Network Connection” later in this chapter for
information on configuring your network connection.
Connecting to a thin coaxial Ethernet network
Follow this procedure to connect your Macintosh to an Ethernet network
that uses thin coaxial cable. The hardware connection requires an Apple (or
Apple-compatible) thin coaxial transceiver and a thin coaxial cable.
54
Chapter 5
IMPORTANT You can connect your Macintosh anywhere along a network;
however, to do so requires that you temporarily disconnect the network,
which could disrupt existing network services and other people using the
network. Consult your network administrator before connecting your
computer to the network.
To connect your Macintosh to a thin coaxial network:
1
Shut down your Macintosh.
2
Attach one end of a thin coaxial cable to the last thin coaxial transceiver on the network.
3
Attach the other end of the thin coaxial cable to one of the connectors on the thin coaxial
transceiver.
4
Plug the connector on the transceiver into the AAUI Ethernet port on your Macintosh.
A thin coaxial network must be terminated at the endpoints to function. An
Apple transceiver is self-terminating. A non-Apple transceiver may require a
terminator; check the documentation that came with the transceiver.
Ethernet port (AAUI)
Ethernet thin coaxial transceiver
Thin coaxial cable
Next, see “Configuring Your Network Connection” later in this chapter for
information on configuring your network connection.
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
55
Connecting to other types of Ethernet networks
The Apple Ethernet AUI Adapter is a universal adapter that lets you connect
your Macintosh to less-common types of industry-standard Ethernet media,
such as thick coaxial or fiber-optic cable. If you are using the Apple Ethernet
AUI Adapter, you also need an Ethernet transceiver for your specific media
type; the transceiver must have a standard AUI port on it.
To connect your Macintosh to an Ethernet transceiver for other types of
Ethernet media:
1
Shut down your Macintosh.
2
Connect the Ethernet transceiver to the network following the instructions that came
with the transceiver.
3
Plug the transceiver cable from the Ethernet transceiver into the standard AUI port on
the Apple Ethernet AUI Adapter.
Electrical outlet
Apple Ethernet AUI Adapter
Ethernet port (AAUI)
Ethernet transceiver for other media
56
Chapter 5
4
Plug the adapter’s power cord into an electrical power outlet.
5
Plug the connector on the Apple Ethernet AUI Adapter into the AAUI Ethernet port on
your Macintosh.
Next, see “Configuring Your Network Connection” later in this chapter for
information on configuring your network connection.
Connecting to multiple networks simultaneously
Because your Macintosh has three networking ports—LocalTalk, AAUI
Ethernet, and 10Base-T Ethernet—it is possible to be physically connected to
more than one kind of network at the same time. However, you can use only
one of your connections at one time.
If both 10Base-T and AAUI networks are connected, your Macintosh
automatically uses the 10Base-T connection. You cannot use the AAUI
connection unless you physically disconnect the 10Base-T connection.
If you are connected to both a LocalTalk and an Ethernet network (either
10Base-T or AAUI), your computer uses the Ethernet connection unless you
specify LocalTalk in the AppleTalk control panel. “Configuring Your
AppleTalk Network Connection” in the section “Configuring Your Network
Connection” (next) explains how to specify the port you want to use.
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
57
Configuring your network connection
After you physically connect your computer to a LocalTalk or Ethernet
network, you need to configure your network connection in the AppleTalk
control panel, the TCP/IP control panel, or both.
You use the AppleTalk control panel to set up your connection to an
AppleTalk network (that is, a network using the AppleTalk protocol).
You use the TCP/IP control panel to set up your connection to the Internet
and to a TCP/IP network. TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol, a standard system for connections between
computers of different types.
You may need additional information about the network to which your
computer is connected, or about the service through which your computer is
connected to the Internet. To get this information, you may need to contact
your network administrator or your Internet service provider.
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Chapter 5
Configuring your AppleTalk network connection
To configure your AppleTalk network connection, you must specify the port
you use to connect your computer to the network.
Larger networks use zones to create logical groupings of computers, printers,
servers, and other network devices. For example, a network might have a zone
for each floor in a multistory office building. If your network has more than
one zone, you can choose the zone in which your computer is located. The
zone you choose is the zone that is automatically selected in the Chooser (for
example, when you select a network printer) and it is the zone in which other
network users can find your computer if you turn on file sharing.
To configure your AppleTalk network connection, follow these steps:
1
Choose Control Panels from the Apple (K) menu.
2
Double-click the AppleTalk icon to open it.
The AppleTalk control panel opens.
3
Use the “Connect via” pop-up menu (if available) to choose the port through which your
computer is connected to the network.
You can connect to an AppleTalk network through an Ethernet port, the
printer port, the modem port, or any additional ports available on expansion
cards installed in your computer. (Any additional ports appear automatically
in this pop-up menu.)
Note: If you don’t see a pop-up menu here, this setting has been locked.
Contact your network administrator for assistance. (If you don’t have a
network administrator, you can use the Administration user mode to unlock
this setting. For more information about user modes, click the h button in the
AppleTalk control panel.)
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
59
4
Use the Current Zone pop-up menu (if available) to choose the zone you want.
If you don’t see a pop-up menu here, this setting has been locked or your
network is not set up to allow you to choose a zone. Zones are set up by the
network administrator.
5
Click the close box to close the AppleTalk control panel.
If you have made configuration changes, an alert box asks if you want to save
them. If you have changed the port, an alert box also tells you that the change
will interrupt any AppleTalk services that are established. This means that
your network services such as printers and e-mail may be temporarily
unavailable, and you may have to choose a printer and log on to your e-mail
again after saving changes.
6
To save your changes, click the Save button.
Your changes take effect immediately; you do not have to restart your
computer.
Getting more information about the AppleTalk control panel
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) contains information about additional
capabilities available in the AppleTalk control panel, such as:
m using configurations, a way to save different AppleTalk settings and switch
among them as desired—for example, if you use your computer with more
than one network
m using the User Mode command to change the availability of settings in the
AppleTalk control panel
m turning AppleTalk off in order to save RAM in your computer when you
are not using an AppleTalk network
For more information about these capabilities, click the h button in the
AppleTalk control panel.
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Chapter 5
Configuring your TCP/IP network connection
You use the TCP/IP control panel when your computer is connected to a
network that uses TCP/IP standards, such as the Internet.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is a standard set of
rules (or protocols) for making connections among different types of
computers. TCP/IP protocols can be used with many different types of
network hardware, including LocalTalk, Ethernet, and dialup Internet
connections. If you don’t know whether your network uses TCP/IP, contact
your network administrator.
To set up your TCP/IP network connection, you must specify the port you use
to connect your computer to the network. TCP/IP networks also require
information about your computer’s network address. You must enter that
information in the control panel, or specify a server on which the information
can be found.
Before you begin
To use a TCP/IP network, your computer must have an IP (Internet Protocol)
address, and it often must have a subnet mask number. Your network address
and subnet mask number identify your computer’s location on the network.
This information can be entered manually or obtained automatically from a
server. Before you set up your TCP/IP network connection, obtain your IP
address and subnet mask number from your Internet service provider or
network administrator. If these can be obtained automatically from a server,
find out whether the server is a “BootP,” “RARP,” “DHCP,” or “MacIP”
server.
“BootP” stands for Boot Protocol. A BootP server can automatically provide
all the TCP/IP setup information you need.
“RARP” stands for Reverse Address Resolution Protocol. A RARP server can
provide the IP address for your computer, but you must provide the rest of the
information manually.
“DHCP” stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A DHCP server can
automatically provide all the TCP/IP setup information you need.
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
61
“MacIP” stands for Macintosh Internet Protocol. MacIP is both a type of server
and a protocol for sending Internet-type packets of information over an
AppleTalk network. A MacIP server can provide all the TCP/IP setup
information you need, but you need to know the zone where the MacIP
server is located.
Setting up
To set up your TCP/IP network connection, follow these steps:
1
Choose Control Panels from the Apple (K) menu.
The Control Panels window opens.
2
Double-click the TCP/IP icon to open it.
The TCP/IP control panel opens.
3
Use the “Connect via” pop-up menu to choose the port through which your computer is
connected to the network.
Note: If you don’t see the pop-up menu here or other settings described in
this section, they may have been locked. Contact your network administrator
for assistance. (If you don’t have a network administrator, you can use the
Administration user mode to unlock this setting. For more information about
user modes, click the h button in the TCP/IP control panel.)
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Chapter 5
4
Use the Configure pop-up menu to choose a configuration method.
If you are connected using Ethernet, the pop-up menu looks like this:
If you are connected using AppleTalk (MacIP), the pop-up menu looks
like this:
What you do next depends on whether you are configuring your network
manually or automatically.
5
If you are configuring your network connection manually, type the information provided
by your network administrator or Internet service provider into the appropriate boxes.
You must specify an IP address. You may also need to enter a subnet mask
number, router address, and other information.
6
If you are configuring your network connection automatically, do one of the following:
m If you are using a BootP server or DHCP server, skip ahead to step 7. The
server usually provides all the configuration information needed by TCP/IP.
m If you are using a RARP server, you may need to type additional
information provided by your network administrator or Internet service
provider into the appropriate boxes. If so, enter the information now.
m If you are using a MacIP server, click Select Zone. In the dialog box that
appears, choose the zone that contains the MacIP server you want to use
and then click OK.
Connecting Your Computer to a Network
63
7
Click the close box to close the TCP/IP control panel.
If you have made configuration changes, an alert box asks if you want to save
them. If you have changed the port, an alert box also tells you that the change
will interrupt any TCP/IP services that are established. For example, you may
have to quit and reopen a Web browser or e-mail software after saving changes.
8
To save your changes, click the Save button.
Your changes take effect immediately; you do not have to restart your
computer.
Getting more information about the TCP/IP control panel
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) contains information about additional
capabilities available in the TCP/IP control panel, such as:
m using configurations, a way to save different TCP/IP settings and switch
among them as desired
m using the User Mode command to change the availability of settings in the
AppleTalk control panel
m turning TCP/IP off to save RAM when you are not using a TCP/IP network
For more information about these capabilities, click the h button in the
TCP/IP control panel.
64
Chapter 5
Read this chapter for information
about the Internet and online
services software that is included
with your computer.
6
Using an Online Service or the Internet
You can use your Macintosh to join the fastest growing organization on Earth:
the online community. By connecting your computer to an online service or
the Internet, you can exchange electronic mail (“e-mail”) messages, gather
information on topics of interest, participate in discussion groups, download
software, and use many other services.
Your Macintosh computer includes software that you can use to connect to an
online service or the Internet. This chapter describes the software and
provides a brief introduction to the information and services that are available
online.
In addition to the included software, you need special equipment, such as a
modem, to get online. For more information about the equipment you need,
see Chapter 4, “Connecting Your Computer to a Telephone Line.”
Connection software
Your Macintosh comes with two different application programs that you can
use to get online: America Online and the Apple Internet Connection Kit.
Although both programs provide Internet access, they have different features;
you can use the one that best addresses your needs.
65
America Online
America Online (AOL) is an online service; in addition to Internet access,
America Online provides many exclusive information services that may not
be available on the Internet. AOL is also very easy to use, and may be the
best choice if you have never used an online service or the Internet before.
For more information about AOL, see its folder on your hard disk or on the
CD that came with your computer.
Apple Internet Connection Kit
The Apple Internet Connection Kit is a collection of Apple and third-party
software that lets you connect to the Internet quickly and easily. The kit
includes the Netscape Navigator Web browser, Claris Emailer Lite e-mail
software, and several other Internet applications and utilities. For more
information, see the Apple Internet Connection Kit: Getting Started manual that
came with your computer. If you decide to use the kit, your best source of
help is the Apple Internet Connection Kit Guide, available in the Guide (h)
menu when you’re using the kit’s software.
Note: To connect to the Internet by modem using the Apple Internet
Connection Kit, you need an Internet service provider (ISP). You pay the ISP
to use their access to the Internet, much as you pay the phone company for
access to the telephone network.
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Chapter 6
What you can do online
You can usually do the following through an online service or the Internet.
Exchange electronic mail
You use e-mail to exchange messages. You can create, read, and respond to
e-mail. Unlike paper mail, you can conveniently send the same e-mail
message to a group of recipients. You can also subscribe to e-mail distribution
lists that provide information on topics of interest to you.
Access the World Wide Web
The World Wide Web is the fastest growing part of the Internet. Many
organizations post information on Web “pages” that you can view with
software called a Web browser. A portion of the Apple Computer “home
page” is shown below.
A Web page usually contains words or pictures that serve as links to other
information; you click these links to display related information. There
are Web pages available on every imaginable subject, providing news,
information, and entertainment. You can search the Web to find information
on topics of interest.
Some online services and companies that provide Internet access will even
set aside some space for you to make your own Web page available.
Using an Online Service or the Internet
67
Download files
You can retrieve pictures, sound files, movies, text documents, utilities, and
application software at a minimal cost (and often at no cost at all). Although
Apple Computer, Inc., does not provide technical assistance with non-Apple
software you download, the software’s creators may provide technical support.
Join a discussion group
Discussion groups are forums where people with common interests openly
exchange information by writing messages. On the Internet, these discussion
groups are called Usenet newsgroups. Like Web pages, Usenet newsgroups
address nearly every subject imaginable. Topics range from stamp collecting
to nuclear physics to cooking.
68
Chapter 6
Expanding Your Computer’s Capabilities
Chapter 7
Connecting Additional Equipment
Chapter 8
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
III
part
This chapter describes how to
connect additional equipment such
as a printer, second monitor, input
device, or audio or video device.
7
Connecting Additional Equipment
You can expand your computer system by connecting other equipment to it.
The illustrations on the next two pages show where equipment connects to
your Macintosh.
This chapter describes how to connect the following types of devices:
m audio equipment, such as a microphone, headphones, or speakers
m video equipment, such as a video camera or VCR
m external SCSI devices, such as a hard disk and a cartridge drive
m a printer
m a second monitor
m additional ADB input devices, such as a trackball or a graphics tablet
m security equipment to protect your Macintosh
For instructions on installing internal equipment, see Chapter 8, “Installing
PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory.” For instructions on connecting
to a network, see Chapter 5, “Connecting Your Computer to a Network.”
IMPORTANT Each device you add should be compatible with your computer
and must not exceed the maximum power allowance for that device. Turn off
the computer before connecting a SCSI or ADB device. For more
information, consult an Apple-authorized dealer, the manufacturer of the
equipment you add, or the Technical Information booklet that came with
your computer.
71
Your Computer’s Components and Front Panel Controls
Microphone
(optional)
Floppy disk drive
CD-ROM drive
C CD-ROM drive
Open/Close button
Monitor
Zip drive (optional)
π Power key
Expansion bay
Speaker
Power button
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Chapter 7
Keyboard
Mouse
C
I
π
Floppy disk drive
Works with high-density and double-sided 3.5"
(89 mm) floppy disks
CD-ROM drive
Open/Close button
Opens and closes the CD-ROM drive tray
CD-ROM drive
Works with CD-ROM discs and plays standard audio
and Photo CDs
Zip drive
Works with Zip disks. For more information about
the Zip drive, see Appendix C, “Using the Internal
Zip Drive.”
Expansion bay
Behind this front panel, there is an expansion bay for
an optional 3.5" or 5.25" storage device (up to 1.625"
[41.3 mm] high).
Power button
A green light indicates that the computer is on.
Monitor
Your monitor may look different. An Apple Multiple
Scan 20 Display is shown here.
Power key
Use this key to turn your computer on and off.
Connecting Additional Equipment
73
Your Computer’s Ports and Connectors
g SCSI port
G
Internal hard disk drive
G Ethernet port (AAUI)
Lockable cover latch
Ethernet port (10Base-T)
Monitor power socket
[ Printer port (GeoPort)
≤ Power socket
W Modem port (GeoPort)
- Audio input ports
(left & right)
™ Monitor port
˜ Â Composite video ports
V Apple Desktop Bus
(IN and OUT)
(ADB) port
- Audio output ports
≈ Sound input port
- Sound output port
(left & right)
Access covers for
expansion slots (3)
æ Æ S-video ports
(IN and OUT)
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Chapter 7
F Security lock port
g
SCSI port
Connects your Macintosh to SCSI equipment such as
external hard disk drives and scanners
G
Ethernet port (AAUI)
Connects your Macintosh to a high-speed Ethernet
network using an adapter
G
Ethernet port (10Base-T)
Connects your Macintosh to a high-speed 10Base-T
Ethernet network
[
Printer port (GeoPort)
Connects your Macintosh to a printer, LocalTalk
network, or GeoPort Telecom Adapter
W
Modem port (GeoPort)
Connects your Macintosh to an external modem,
GeoPort Telecom Adapter, or LocalTalk cable
™
V
Monitor port
Connects your Macintosh to a monitor
Apple Desktop Bus
(ADB) port
Connects your Macintosh to an input device, such
as a keyboard, a mouse, or a trackball
≈
Sound input port
Connects your Macintosh to an Apple PlainTalk
microphone or other audio input equipment
-
Sound output port
Connects your Macintosh to headphones, externally
powered (amplified) speakers, or other audio output
equipment
S-video ports
(IN and OUT)
Connects your Macintosh to VCRs, laserdisc players,
video cameras, or other video equipment that uses an
S-video connector
Internal hard disk drive
Large-capacity permanent device for storing software,
documents, and other files
Audio input ports
(left & right)
Connects your Macintosh to the RCA-type audio
output ports of video or audio equipment, such as
VCRs and tape decks
Composite video ports
(IN and OUT)
Connects your Macintosh to most VCRs, laserdisc
players, video cameras, and other video equipment
Audio output ports
(left & right)
Connects your Macintosh to the RCA-type audio input
ports of video or audio equipment, such as VCRs and
tape decks
Access covers for
expansion slots (3)
Your Macintosh supports up to three peripheral
component interconnect (PCI) cards.
Security lock port and
lockable cover latch
You can attach a security lock to your Macintosh and
to its cover to secure the internal components. See
your computer products retailer for security lock
devices that work with your computer.
æÆ
-
˜Â
-
F
Connecting Additional Equipment
75
Connecting audio equipment
Your computer has two sets of ports (also known as “jacks”) for handling
audio equipment: sound input and output ports like those found on most
models of Macintosh; and left and right RCA-type input and output ports.
The sound input and output ports
Your Macintosh can handle stereo sound from a sound input device—also
called a sound source—such as a microphone, tape deck, or audio CD player.
(If you have an internal CD-ROM drive, it can also be used to play audio
CDs.) The term “sound input device” is used because the signal goes into your
computer for you to record or process in various ways.
Sound input devices can be attached to the sound input port, which is marked
with an icon of a microphone (≈).
Your computer comes with a built-in speaker, but you can attach an
additional sound output device, such as amplified speakers or headphones.
Sound output devices can be attached to the sound output port, which is
marked with an icon of headphones (f) or a speaker (-).
≈ Sound input port
- Sound output port
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Chapter 7
The computer’s sound input and output ports accept these 3.5-mm
connectors:
Stereo miniplug
Extended miniplug
The “stereo miniplug” is the smaller of the two and is found most often on
stereo equipment. The extended miniplug, which is slightly longer and is
found on voice quality microphones (such as the Apple PlainTalk
Microphone), works only in your computer’s sound input port (≈). (Even
though it will fit into the sound output port, it won’t work there.) If your
equipment has a different type of connector from those shown here, you can
purchase an adapter at an electronics supply store.
The left and right RCA-type audio ports
Your computer also has ports that accept left and right input and output
through RCA-type connectors. These connectors are found on devices like
videocassette recorders (VCRs) and tape decks. The RCA ports are colorcoded to help you properly attach your audio equipment.
- Audio input ports (left & right)
Connect your Macintosh to the RCA-type
Audio Out ports of video or audio equipment
such as VCRs and tape decks
- Audio output ports (left & right)
Connect your Macintosh to the RCA-type
Audio In ports of video or audio equipment
such as VCRs and tape decks
Connecting Additional Equipment
77
The left and right RCA-type ports accept this type of connector:
RCA-type plug
If your equipment has a different type of connector, you can purchase an
adapter at an electronics supply store.
Connecting most audio equipment
To connect most audio equipment, follow the steps below. For specific
instructions on connecting a microphone, skip to the next section,
“Connecting and Positioning a Microphone.”
1
Make sure that the audio equipment has a cable with a stereo miniplug connector or two
RCA-type connectors.
RCA
Stereo miniplug
RCA
RCA
2
Place the audio equipment near the computer.
3
Shut down the computer and turn off the audio equipment.
4
Attach cables to the audio equipment following the instructions that came with the
equipment.
Some equipment (such as most headphones) comes with cables already
attached.
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Chapter 7
5
If your audio equipment is a sound input device such as a tape deck, audio CD player, or
VCR, attach it to either the sound input port or the left and right RCA input ports.
Connect cables that have a stereo miniplug to the sound input port (≈). If
you’re using a cable with two RCA-type connectors, connect to the right and
left RCA input ports (-).
6
If your audio equipment is a sound output device such as headphones or amplified
speakers, attach it to either the sound output port or the left and right RCA audio
output ports.
Connect cables that have a stereo miniplug to the sound output port (-). If
you’re using a cable with two RCA-type connectors, connect to the right and
left RCA audio output ports (-).
The illustrations below show two typical cabling arrangements for amplified
speakers. The first shows a cable with stereo miniplug connectors, and the
second shows a cable with RCA-type connectors. In both illustrations, the two
speakers are joined to each other by standard speaker wires. Some speaker
pairs have two cables (one per speaker) which must be joined by a dual-plug
adapter before they can be attached to the computer.
- Sound
output
port
Externally
powered
speakers
Audio In port
Externally
powered
speakers
Audio In ports
(left and right)
- Audio
output ports
(left and right)
Connecting Additional Equipment
79
7
Turn on the computer and the audio equipment.
You will probably need to adjust the settings (including volume) in the
control panel that handles sound on your computer. For instructions, choose
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) from the Guide (h) menu; click the
Guide’s Index button, and choose “sound” from the index.
Connecting and positioning a microphone
You can use the Apple PlainTalk Microphone that comes with some
Macintosh computers (or a compatible line-level microphone) to give spoken
commands to your Macintosh and to record your voice or other sounds.
Apple PlainTalk Microphone
Note: Do not use the Apple Omni microphone (the round microphone
supplied with some other Macintosh models) or the attenuated RCA adapter
provided with some models of Macintosh.
If your monitor has a built-in microphone that you want to use, see the
information that came with the monitor to properly connect the microphone.
To connect and position an external microphone, follow these steps:
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Chapter 7
1
Shut down the computer.
2
Plug the microphone’s connector into the sound input port (≈) on the back of the
computer.
3
Place the Apple PlainTalk Microphone at the top center of the monitor, so that the
microphone’s Apple (K) icon is facing you.
If you’re using a different microphone, position it according to these
guidelines:
m The microphone should be between 1 and 3 feet away from you.
m The microphone should be directly in front of you to minimize the
effect of background noises.
4
Turn on the computer.
Now that your computer is on, you need to activate the microphone by
selecting it as the sound input device.
5
Open the Apple (K) menu at the top left corner of your screen, and choose
Control Panels.
Connecting Additional Equipment
81
6
Double-click the Monitors & Sound control panel to open it.
Below is an example of the Monitors & Sound control panel. The control
panel may look slightly different on your computer.
7
Click the Sound icon at the top of the Monitors & Sound control panel.
8
Select “External Microphone” from the Sound Input pop-up menu.
Sound button
Sound Input
pop-up menu
9
Click the close box to close the Monitors & Sound control panel window.
Now you’re ready to use your microphone.
For more instructions, click the Guide (h) button in the upper-right corner of
the control panel. For information about having the computer read text to you
or follow your spoken commands, choose “speech” from the Macintosh
Guide index.
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Chapter 7
Connecting video equipment
You can connect video equipment to your computer so that you can view TV
and other video images on your monitor, and store the images on your hard
disk. You can also view the Macintosh desktop on a television screen attached
to the computer, and record images from the desktop using a videocassette
recorder (VCR).
Your Macintosh can work with two major video formats:
m Composite video, which is used by most televisions, most VCRs, and
laserdisc players. Composite video devices plug into the computer’s
RCA-type video ports (˜ and Â)
m S-video, which is a high-quality video format used by many video cameras,
VCRs, and televisions. S-video devices plug into the computer’s S-video
ports (æ and Æ).
The video input and output ports and connectors
The illustration below shows the computer’s video input and output ports.
˜ Composite video input port
Connects your Macintosh to the
RCA-type Video Out port of most
VCRs, laserdisc players, video cameras,
and other video input equipment
æ S-video input port
Connects your Macintosh
to the S-video Out port
of VCRs, laserdisc players,
video cameras, or other
video input equipment that
uses an S-video connector
 Composite video output port
Connects your Macintosh to the
RCA-type Video In port of most
VCRs, or other video recording
or video display equipment
Æ S-video output port
Connects your Macintosh
to the S-video In port of
VCRs, or other video
recording or video display
equipment that uses an
S-video connector
Connecting Additional Equipment
83
The S-video input and output ports accept this type of connector:
S-video connector
Note: The S-video input port is compatible with both seven-pin and four-pin
S-video connectors.
IMPORTANT The S-video connector is a round plug with several small metal
pins, which resembles other Macintosh connectors, such as those for a printer,
modem, mouse, or keyboard. Don’t confuse the connectors; they’re not
interchangeable.
The composite video input and output ports accept this type of connector:
RCA-type plug
Connecting video equipment for input to the computer
When you connect video equipment to the video input port on your computer,
you can view video on your monitor, capture video images, and hear the
sound from the video equipment through the computer’s speaker. The
instructions that follow are for connecting a stereo VCR and video camera,
but you can use them as a model for connecting your computer to any video
equipment.
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Chapter 7
Connecting a VCR or video camera for input
1
Make sure that the video equipment you want to connect has either an RCA-type video
port or an S-video port.
2
Place the equipment near the Macintosh.
3
Shut down the Macintosh and turn off the equipment.
4
Assemble the cables you need to connect the equipment to the Macintosh.
Depending on what kind of ports your VCR or camera has, you’ll need
different cables (available at an electronics supply store).
m If your equipment has an S-video Out port, you’ll need the following
cables:
Video cable with S-video connectors at each end.
S-video
S-video
Two audio cables with RCA-type connectors (plugs) at each end. The
cables can be separate, or joined like the one in the illustration.
RCA
RCA
m If your equipment has an RCA Video Out port, you’ll need the following
cables:
One video and two audio cables with RCA-type connectors (plugs) at each
end. The cables can be separate, or joined like the one in the illustration.
RCA
5
RCA
Attach one end of the video cable to the Video Out port on the video equipment.
Follow the directions that came with the VCR or camera.
Connecting Additional Equipment
85
6
Plug the other end of the video cable into either the S-video input port (æ) or the yellow
RCA Video input port (˜) on the Macintosh.
If the S-video connector doesn’t slide easily into the port, check the pin
alignment and try again. Don’t use force, which could damage the computer
or cable.
7
Plug the RCA-type connectors on the audio cables into the left and right RCA Audio Out
ports on the VCR or camera.
8
Plug the RCA-type connectors on the audio cables into the left and right RCA input ports
(-) on the computer.
If the cable is color-coded, the red connector is for the right port, and the
black or white connector is for the left port.
The following illustrations show S-video connections and composite video
connections for both a VCR and a camera. Your finished connections should
look like one of the following:
S-video connection for input from a VCR
æ S-video
input port
- Audio
input ports
(left and right)
S-video Out
port
S-video cable
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
VCR
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
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Chapter 7
Composite video connection for input from a VCR
˜ Composite
video
input port
- Audio
input ports
(left and right)
Video Out
port
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
VCR
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
S-video connection for input from a camera
- Audio input ports (left and right)
æ S-video
input port
S-video Out port
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
S-video cable
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Connecting Additional Equipment
87
Composite video connection for input from a camera
˜ Composite
video
input port
- Audio
input ports
(left and right)
Video Out port
Audio Out ports
(left and right)
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
9
Turn on the computer and the VCR or camera.
You can now begin working with the video equipment connected to your
computer.
You will probably need to adjust the video settings in the software that
handles sound on your computer. For instructions, choose Macintosh Guide
(or Mac OS Guide) from the Guide (h) menu; click the Guide’s Index button,
and choose “video” from the index.
Connecting video equipment for output from the computer
You can record and deliver a sophisticated presentation by combining the
video and sound capabilities of your Macintosh. The steps that follow explain
how to set up equipment for recording the computer’s output on videotape.
Before you start, do the following:
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Chapter 7
1
Make sure that the VCR has either an RCA-type Video In port or an S-video In port.
2
Place the VCR near the Macintosh.
3
Shut down the Macintosh and turn off the VCR.
4
Assemble the cables you need.
Depending on what kind of ports your VCR has, you’ll need different cables
(available at an electronics supply store).
m If your VCR has an S-video In port, you’ll need the following cables:
Video cable with S-video connectors at each end.
S-video
S-video
Two audio cables with RCA-type connectors (plugs) at each end. The
cables can be separate, or joined like the one in the illustration.
RCA
RCA
m If your VCR has an RCA Video In port, you’ll need the following cables:
One video and two audio cables with RCA-type connectors (plugs) at each
end. The cables can be separate, or joined like the one in the illustration.
RCA
5
RCA
Attach one end of the video cable to the Video In port on the VCR.
Follow the directions that came with the VCR.
6
Plug the other end of the video cable into either the S-video output port (Æ) or the yellow
composite video output port (Â) on the Macintosh.
If the S-video connector doesn’t slide easily into the port, check the pin
alignment and try again. Don’t use force, which could damage the computer
or cable.
7
Plug the RCA-type connectors on the audio cables into the left and right Audio In ports
on the VCR.
Connecting Additional Equipment
89
8
Plug the RCA-type connectors on the audio cables into the left and right audio output
ports (-) on the Macintosh.
If the cable is color-coded, the red connector is for the right port, and the
black or white connector is for the left port.
Depending on whether your equipment has S-video or composite video
(RCA-type) ports, your finished connections should look like one of the
following:
S-video connection for output from the computer
Æ S-video
output
port
- Audio
output ports
(left and right)
Audio In ports
(left and right)
S-video In
port
VCR
S-video cable
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Composite video connection for output from the computer
 Composite
video
output port
- Audio
output ports
(left and right)
Video In
port
Audio In ports
(left and right)
VCR
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
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Chapter 7
9
Turn on the computer and the VCR.
10
Select “line input” on your VCR.
See the manual that came with your VCR for instructions on how to select
the line input source.
For further instructions on how to record the computer’s output on videotape
and add voice annotation, choose Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide) from
the Guide (h) menu; click the Guide’s Index button, and choose “video” from
the index.
Using a television as a monitor
You can connect a television to the computer and display the computer’s
images and sounds on the television. This capability is especially useful if
you’re using your Macintosh to give a presentation and you have access to a
large-screen television.
The television must have either an S-video or composite video input port, and
Audio In ports.
To connect a television, turn off your computer and connect the television
according to the instructions in the previous section, “Connecting Video
Equipment for Output From the Computer.” Depending on the type of
connectors your equipment has (S-video or composite video), your connection
should look similar to one of the following:
Television used as a monitor with an S-video connection
Æ S-video
output port
- Audio
output ports
(left and right)
S-video In
port
Audio In ports
(left and right)
TV
S-video cable
Dual RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Connecting Additional Equipment
91
Television used as a monitor with a composite video connection
 Composite
- Audio output
video
output port
ports
(left and right)
Video In
port
Audio In ports
(left and right)
TV
Triple RCA-plug cable
(available at most electronics supply stores)
Using a television and a monitor together
The amount of video random-access memory (VRAM) determines whether
you can view the desktop simultaneously on both a television and the
computer monitor.
If your computer is equipped with 4 megabytes (MB) of VRAM, you can
connect a television and a computer monitor simultaneously and view the
desktop on both the monitor and the television.
If your computer is equipped with 2 MB of VRAM, you can only view the
desktop on either the monitor or the television. When you start up your
computer with both a monitor and a television connected, the desktop will
appear on the monitor, and the television screen will be dimmed or black. To
use a television as the only monitor, shut down your computer and disconnect
the computer monitor. Then turn on the television and then start up the
computer.
For further instructions on using a television as a monitor, choose Macintosh
Guide (or Mac OS Guide) from the Guide (h) menu; click the Guide’s Index
button, and choose “video” from the index.
For information on installing more VRAM, see Chapter 8, “Installing PCI
Expansion Cards and Additional Memory.”
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Chapter 7
Connecting external SCSI devices
Your computer has a port for connecting devices that use the Small Computer
System Interface (SCSI, pronounced “skuh-zee”). SCSI is a standard method
for connecting disk and cartridge drives, CD-ROM drives, scanners, and other
devices. The SCSI port permits high-speed communication between the
computer and the device.
The SCSI icon appears above the port on the computer’s back panel.
SCSI icon
SCSI port
You can connect SCSI devices to the SCSI port in a chainlike fashion. The
first device in the chain plugs into the SCSI port; the second device plugs into
the first device, and so on.
You can attach up to seven SCSI devices in the chain. Each device on the
SCSI chain must have a unique ID number.
Note: In addition to the external SCSI port, your computer has a separate,
internal SCSI interface for the internal hard disk, CD-ROM drive, and Zip
drive. An authorized Apple dealer or service provider can install and attach
additional devices to the internal SCSI interface. For more information about
the internal SCSI interface, see the Technical Information booklet that came
with your computer.
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93
Before you connect a SCSI device
Before you connect a SCSI device to your Macintosh, be sure to complete the
tasks explained in this section.
IMPORTANT This section contains general instructions for attaching SCSI
devices to your computer. Be sure also to follow the specific instructions that
came with your external hard disk drive or other SCSI device when
connecting the device to your Macintosh. The specific instructions that came
with the device tell how to change a device’s ID number and attach a SCSI
cable or terminator to it.
Make sure each device has a unique ID number
Each external SCSI device connected to your computer must have its own,
unique ID number from 0 to 6. The SCSI ID number helps the computer keep
track of the devices and sort out conflicts when more than one device in the
SCSI chain is communicating with the computer simultaneously.
The SCSI devices can be in any physical order in the chain; it is not necessary
to arrange them in numerical order.
See the instructions that came with each SCSI device for information on
checking and setting its SCSI ID number.
IMPORTANT If you use two or more devices attached to the same SCSI
interface with the same ID number, your computer will not start up properly,
your equipment could malfunction, and you could lose data as a result.
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Make sure you use the right type and length of cable
To attach a SCSI device to your computer or to another device in the chain,
always use SCSI cables that are double-shielded, such as Apple SCSI cables.
Never use printer-type RS232 cables (commonly used with DOS and
Windows computers). Poor quality SCSI cables are often the cause of
SCSI problems.
Avoid mixing brands and types of SCSI cables.
If the device is the first or only one you’re connecting, use a SCSI system
cable to connect it to the computer’s SCSI port:
SCSI system cable
If the device is not the first one, use a SCSI peripheral interface cable to
connect it to the last device in the chain:
SCSI peripheral interface cable
IMPORTANT The total length of the cables in a SCSI chain should not exceed
6 meters (about 20 feet). SCSI cables must have a 110-ohm impedance. For
best results, use SCSI cables manufactured by Apple Computer.
Keep the cables between SCSI devices as short as possible. Cables 18 to 24
inches long are best. PowerBooks and some SCSI devices (particularly
scanners) may not be able to handle cables longer than 24 inches.
Connecting Additional Equipment
95
Terminate the SCSI chain properly
To ensure accurate transmission of information, a terminator must be present
at each end of a SCSI chain. There is already a built-in terminator at the
beginning of the chain. Therefore, you only need to make sure that the last
device in the chain has a terminator.
IMPORTANT In almost all cases, only the first and last devices in the SCSI
chain should be terminated with the exceptions noted below. Make sure that
no external SCSI device but the last one has a terminator.
To terminate the last device in the chain, do one of the following:
m Use a device that has a built-in terminator as the last device in the chain.
If you wish to attach two or more SCSI devices that have built-in
terminators, an Apple-authorized service provider can remove the extra
built-in terminators.
m If the device at the end of the SCSI chain does not have a built-in
terminator, attach an external terminator. You can attach or remove
external terminators yourself. (Do not use a black terminator; the black
terminators are for Macintosh IIfx computers and certain LaserWriter
printers only.) Terminators are available at authorized Apple dealers.
External SCSI terminator
Exceptions to the “first and last” rule: If the SCSI chain is 18 inches or
shorter, the terminator on the last device is not needed. If the total cable
length in the chain is greater than 10 feet, the chain may need a third
terminator at the 10-foot point. Do not add the third terminator unless you are
experiencing a SCSI problem, and check all other possible causes of the
problem before adding the third terminator.
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Connecting a SCSI device
After you read “Before You Connect a SCSI Device” earlier in this chapter,
follow the instructions below. Use these general instructions in conjunction
with the more specific instructions that came with your SCSI device.
1
Shut down your Macintosh.
2
Make sure the SCSI device is switched off.
WARNING Do not connect or disconnect any device while the device or
your Macintosh is turned on. Doing so could damage the device, your
computer, or both. Do not attach or remove a terminator while the
computer or any device is turned on.
3
Use a SCSI cable to connect the device either to the computer’s SCSI port or to the last
SCSI device already in the chain.
Use the thumbscrews and metal clips on the connectors to maintain a tight,
reliable connection. Do not overtighten the thumbscrews.
4
Turn on all devices in your SCSI chain.
IMPORTANT Always turn on all external SCSI devices connected to your
Macintosh before turning on the computer itself. Otherwise, your computer
won’t be able to recognize that the SCSI devices are connected to it and your
computer may not be able to start up.
5
Install any necessary device drivers (software that makes a device work with your
computer).
Drivers needed for a SCSI device usually come on a floppy disk with the
device. (If no drivers come with the device, contact the device’s manufacturer.)
Note: If you experience problems after connecting a SCSI device, see the
troubleshooting information in Chapter 10, “Solutions to Common Problems.”
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97
Connecting a printer
Your computer has a printer port, which you use to connect a printer.
Printer port icon
Printer port
The printer port accepts either a direct cable connection (to printers such as
the StyleWriter 2500) or a network cable connection (to printers such as most
LaserWriter models). A printer can also be connected to the modem port.
See the manual that came with your printer for more detailed information and
instructions on setting up and using the printer. Although your computer
comes with most Apple printer software (called “printer drivers”) already
installed, you may need to install software from disks that came with your
computer.
You use the Chooser to tell the computer which port you used to connect your
printer. For instructions on choosing a printer, open the Guide (h) menu and
choose Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), click the Guide’s Index button,
and choose “printing” from the index.
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Connecting a second monitor
You can install an expansion card that provides a second monitor port, if one
monitor doesn’t provide enough screen space.
To connect a second monitor, purchase a video card and install it in one of the
computer’s PCI expansion slots, or have an Apple dealer install it for you. (If
you are installing the expansion card yourself, follow the instructions that
came with the card and the instructions in Chapter 8 of this manual.) Then
plug the second monitor into the port provided by the card.
When you connect an additional monitor, make sure that the ventilation
openings on the computer and the monitors are clear and unobstructed.
If there is interference on your screens or on a television or radio near your
computer, separate or reposition the affected equipment. You may need to
increase the distance between two monitors so that they don’t interfere with
each other.
IMPORTANT Though it is possible to install additional video cards that supply
more monitor ports, do not connect more than two monitors at a time to your
computer.
For additional instructions on using two monitors together, choose Macintosh
Guide (or Mac OS Guide) from the Guide (h) menu after you have connected
two monitors to your computer; click the Guide’s Index button, and choose
“monitors” from the index.
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99
Connecting an ADB input device
Your computer has an Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) port, which connects the
mouse and the keyboard to your computer. You can add other input devices,
such as a bar-code reader, graphics tablet, or joystick.
The ADB port is marked with the V icon.
ADB port icon
ADB port
You can connect up to three ADB devices in a chainlike fashion to a single
ADB port. The exact number depends on how much power the devices
require.
Before you attach or remove an ADB device, turn off the computer. Attaching
or removing an ADB device while the computer is turned on could damage
the ADB device or your computer.
IMPORTANT The total power used by all ADB devices connected to your
computer must not exceed 500 milliamperes (mA). Before attaching another
ADB device, check the Technical Information booklet that came with your
computer and the information that came with the ADB device for power
requirements.
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Securing your computer
To deter theft of your computer and the components inside it, you can
purchase a locking cable and attach it to your computer. The back panel has a
built-in port for a locking cable, and the computer cover has a lockable latch
that prevents the computer from being opened.
When the lockable cover latch is pulled out,
the computer’s cover can not be removed.
You can pass a security cable or padlock
through this opening in the cover latch to
keep it in its locked position.
Security lock port
(Your computer products retailer has security lock
devices that will fit this port, and which can secure
your computer to your workspace.)
Follow the instructions supplied with the locking cable to secure it to your
computer. When you install the locking cable, be sure to thread the cable
through the lockable latch on the cover; this locks the computer cover and
prevents memory, disk drives, and expansion cards from being removed.
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101
Read this chapter for instructions
on installing PCI expansion cards
and memory in your computer.
8
Installing PCI Expansion Cards
and Additional Memory
This chapter provides information about peripheral component interconnect
(PCI) expansion cards and memory, and explains how to install both.
Installing a PCI expansion card or memory involves three procedures
(detailed steps for each are provided later in this chapter):
m opening the computer
m inserting the card or memory module into a specific slot
m closing the computer
Note: Your computer’s PowerPC processor can also be upgraded with the
installation of a processor upgrade card. Contact your Apple dealer for
information about processor upgrade cards. To install a processor upgrade
card, refer to the documentation that comes with the card.
WARNING Although instructions for installing memory and expansion
cards are provided in this manual, Apple Computer recommends that
you have an Apple-certified technician install them. Consult the service
and support information that came with your computer for instructions
on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for
service. If you install these items yourself, you risk damaging your
equipment, and this damage is not covered by the limited warranty on
your computer. See an Apple-authorized dealer or service provider for
additional information about this or any other warranty question.
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About PCI expansion cards
You can install printed circuit boards (called “cards”) for video and graphics
applications, networking and communications, additional processing power,
or other purposes. The cards fit into connectors, called “expansion slots,”
inside the computer.
Your Macintosh has three expansion slots, each designed to accept a 7-inch or
12-inch long PCI card. Install only expansion cards that come with Macintosh
drivers and are compliant with the PCI 2.0 standard. NuBus™ cards cannot be
used in these expansion slots.
Expansion card power requirements
The combined power consumption of expansion cards must not exceed the
limits specified for your Macintosh model. If you have more than one
expansion card installed, check the information that came with your cards to
make sure that their power consumption is within the limits specified in the
Technical Information booklet.
WARNING To avoid damaging your computer and expansion card, do not
attempt to install any expansion card without first checking the
documentation for that card. If the documentation specifies that an
Apple-certified technician must install the card (usually because the
installation requires special training or tools), consult the service and
support information that came with your computer for instructions on
how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider for assistance. If
you attempt to install the card yourself, any damage you may cause to
the computer or card will not be covered by the limited warranty on
your computer. If the card is not an Apple-labeled product, check with
an Apple-authorized dealer or service provider to see if you can install
it yourself.
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About memory
You can add memory—dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) or video
random-access memory (VRAM)—to your computer in packages called Dual
Inline Memory Modules, or DIMMs. You can also upgrade your computer’s
cache by installing a cache module.
The following illustration shows the locations of memory slots on the logic
board. See the sections that follow for important information about DRAM,
VRAM, and cache configurations.
VRAM DIMM slots
Bank 1 slot
Bank 2 slot
Bank 1 slot
Bank 2 slot
RAM
cache slot
DRAM DIMM slots*
B4 slot
B3 slot
B2 slot
B1 slot
A4 slot
A3 slot
A2 slot
A1 slot
(front of computer)
*When installing DRAM, for best performance, fill paired slots. (Slots are paired A1 and B1, then
A2 and B2, and so on. It doesn’t matter which pairs you use or the order in which you use them.)
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
105
DRAM configurations
You can increase your computer’s DRAM to up to 512 MB. The main logic
board has eight DIMM slots which accept DIMMs that meet these
specifications:
m 8, 16, 32, or 64 MB (128 MB DIMMs are available, but they have not been
tested for use with Power Macintosh computers.)
m 64-bit wide, 168-pin
m 70-nanosecond (ns) RAM access time or faster (If you install DIMMs
with different speeds, they will all operate at the speed of the slowest
DIMM installed.)
m 1K, 2K, or 4K refresh rate
m extended data output (EDO) or fast-paged mode
IMPORTANT The Single Inline Memory Modules (SIMMs) from older
Macintosh computers are not compatible with your computer and should
not be used.
DIMMs can be installed one at a time in any order in any of the memory
slots. However, if you wish to take advantage of your computer’s memory
interleaving capability, which provides maximum performance, you must
install the DIMMs in pairs, and in paired slots. (Slots are paired A1 and B1,
A2 and B2, and so on. It doesn’t matter which pairs you use or the order in
which you use them, as long as the DIMMs are installed in paired slots.)
Memory interleaving allows the computer to read or write to its memory at
the same time that other memory reads or writes are occurring, thus
providing approximately 5 percent to 15 percent faster performance.
To increase DRAM to the maximum of 512 MB, fill all eight slots with
64 MB DIMMs.
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VRAM configurations
Video RAM (VRAM), like standard DRAM, is also provided in DIMMs.
Your computer comes with 2 MB of VRAM installed in two 1 MB DIMMs.
(These DIMMs are installed in the two bank 1 slots.) Your computer’s VRAM
can be expanded to a maximum of 4 MB by adding two 1 MB DIMMs to the
two bank 2 slots. Both DIMMs must be added at the same time.
IMPORTANT The VRAM DIMMs must be 32-bit wide, 112-pin fast-paged
mode with 70-ns RAM access time or faster. Do not use the 256K or 512K
VRAM SIMMs used in older Macintosh computers.
Note: If you install additional VRAM and later remove it, make sure to leave
the remaining 2 MB of VRAM installed in the bank 1 slots. You will not be
able to use a TV as a monitor if the VRAM is installed in the bank 2 slots.
For more information about using a TV as a monitor, see Chapter 7,
“Connecting Additional Equipment.”
Cache configurations
Your computer comes with a cache module already installed. To find out the
exact size of the included cache module, see the “Memory” section in your
Technical Information booklet.
You can replace the existing cache module with a larger one. Cache modules
are currently available from third-party manufacturers in various sizes up to
1 MB. However, Apple recommends that you use an Apple-brand cache
module if you want to upgrade your existing cache.
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
107
Installing a PCI expansion card or memory
Follow these instructions to install a PCI expansion card or memory.
Opening the computer
1
If your computer is turned on, turn it off by choosing Shut Down from the Special menu,
then wait 20 minutes.
Before proceeding with these instructions, you need to allow the computer’s
internal components to cool.
2
Unplug all the cables from the computer, including the power cord.
3
If the computer cover is locked shut, unlock it by removing the security cable or padlock
from the cover latch.
Do not remove the computer cover yet.
4
Carefully lay the computer on its side with the cover and button facing up.
Button
Gently lay the computer on its
side on a clean, flat, stable surface.
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5
Remove the computer cover.
Press the release button on the side of the cover. Then lift up the cover panel
near the button, and slide it off.
Press the button and lift
the cover panel up
a few inches.
Button
Slide the cover panel to the right and lift it off.
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
109
6
Set the cover panel aside.
To protect the metal shielding on the inside of the panel, lay down the panel
so that the metal shielding faces up.
7
Reconnect the power cord to the computer.
Connect the power cord to your computer and to an AC outlet. This helps
protect the computer from damage caused by electrostatic discharge.
Plug the power cord into the power socket.
(back of computer)
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8
Touch the metal part of the power supply case inside the computer to discharge static
electricity from your body.
IMPORTANT Always do this before you touch any parts, or install any
components, inside the computer. To avoid generating static electricity, do not
walk around the room until you have completed the installation of the
expansion card or memory and closed the computer.
Power supply case
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
111
9
Disconnect the power cord from the back of the computer.
Remove the power cord from the back of the computer.
What you do next depends on whether you are installing a PCI expansion
card or memory.
10
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If you are installing a PCI expansion card, go to the next section, “Installing a PCI
Expansion Card.” If you are installing memory, skip ahead to “Installing Memory (DRAM,
VRAM, or Cache)” later in this chapter.
Installing a PCI expansion card
1
Remove the screw from one of the three expansion port covers.
Unscrew
the port
access
cover.
Port access cover
PCI slots
(front of computer)
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
113
2
Pull out the port access cover and set it aside.
You won’t need the port cover for the rest of these instructions, but save it in
case you ever remove the PCI card and need to cover the port again.
3
Remove the card from its static-proof bag.
Hold the card by its edges to avoid touching the connector or any of the
components on the card.
Connector
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4
Align the connector end of the card with the expansion slot.
Connector
Port access
opening
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
115
If you are installing a 12-inch card, make sure the other end of the card fits
into the proper card guide.
If the PCI card you are installing is full-length (12 inches), be sure that it
fits in one of these three card guides toward the front of the computer.
(back of computer)
5
Press the card gently but firmly until the connector is fully inserted.
m Don’t rock the card side to side; instead, press the card straight into the
slot. (Rocking the card can damage the PCI slot.)
m Don’t force the card. If you meet a lot of resistance, pull the card out and
try again.
m To see if the card is properly connected, pull it gently. If it resists and stays
in place, it’s connected. (Make sure you don’t pull the card so much that
you accidentally disconnect it.)
Note: In rare cases, a 12-inch PCI card may have long ports that make it
difficult to insert into the slot. If you have tried several times to insert a card
and are still unsuccessful, skip now to “Installing an Unusually Long PCI
Card,” next.
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6
Reinsert the screw that you removed earlier, and tighten it.
Secure the card in place by reinserting
the screw you removed earlier.
(front of computer)
If you have other cards to install, put them in now by repeating steps 1
through 6.
7
If you are installing memory, proceed to “Installing Memory (DRAM, VRAM, or Cache).” If
you are finished installing items in your computer, skip ahead to “Closing the Computer”
later in this chapter.
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
117
Installing an unusually long PCI card
If a 12-inch PCI card has long ports that make it difficult to insert into the
slot, it may be necessary to temporarily remove the speaker housing/card
guide assembly to install the card. Follow these steps to remove the speaker
housing/card guide assembly and install a PCI card.
1
Remove the speaker housing/card guide assembly as shown below.
Sqeeze these two tabs and slide the speaker housing/
card guide assembly straight up.
(back of computer)
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2
If necessary, disconnect the two connectors to completely remove the speaker
housing/card guide assembly.
If you need to
Speaker housing/card guide assembly
completely remove the
speaker housing/card guide
assembly in order to insert the card, then disconnect these two connectors on the main logic
board and completely remove the assembly. There is a cluster of three connectors in this area.
Disconnect the outer two. They are the connectors for the fan and the speaker.
3
Insert the PCI card into the slot. Press the card gently but firmly until the connector is
fully inserted.
m Don’t rock the card side to side; instead, press the card straight into the
slot. (Rocking the card can damage the PCI slot.)
m Don’t force the card. If you meet a lot of resistance, pull the card out and
try again.
m To see if the card is properly connected, pull it gently. If it resists and stays
in place, it’s connected. (Make sure you don’t pull the card so much that
you accidentally disconnect it.)
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
119
4
Slide the speaker housing/card guide assembly back into place.
Slide the speaker housing/card guide assembly straight down
and snap it back into place inside the computer. Be sure that
the proper card guide engages the end of the card as you
slide the assembly in place.
(back of computer)
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5
If you disconnected the two connectors in step 2, reconnect them now.
After you’ve reinstalled
the speaker housing/card
guide assembly, be sure
you reconnect these two
connectors to the main logic board.
Speaker housing/card guide assembly
IMPORTANT Make sure the two connectors are connected properly. Otherwise,
the fan may not receive power and the components in your computer could be
damaged due to excessive heat.
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
121
6
Reinsert the screw that you removed earlier, and tighten it.
Secure the card in place by reinserting
the screw you removed earlier.
(front of computer)
7
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Chapter 8
If you are installing memory, go to the next section, “Installing Memory (DRAM, VRAM, or
Cache).” If you are finished installing items in your computer, proceed to “Closing the
Computer” later in this chapter.
Installing memory (DRAM, VRAM, or cache)
1
Unlock the top chassis by rotating the two locking levers on the chassis.
Unlock the top chassis by moving the two locking
levers upward and outward, as shown.
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
123
2
Using the plastic handle, lift the top chassis up and to the side until it rests on your
working surface, revealing the DRAM, VRAM, and cache slots underneath.
Using the handle, gently swing the top chassis
to the right until it rests firmly on your
work surface.
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Chapter 8
Handle
3
If you need to remove one or more existing DRAM DIMMs to make room for new ones,
remove them now by following the illustration below.
IMPORTANT Do not touch the DIMM’s connectors. Handle the DIMM only by
the edges.
DRAM DIMM (Your DIMM’s shape and
components may vary.)
Connectors
While holding the DIMM along its side edges,
press down on the ejector(s) as shown. The
DIMM will be released from its slot, and you
DRAM slot (1 of 8) can then pull the DIMM straight up and out
of the slot.
Ejector (Your slot may have
one or two ejectors.)
(Toward front of computer
)
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
125
4
If you’re installing DRAM DIMMs, align them in the DRAM slots as pictured.
IMPORTANT Do not touch the DIMM’s connectors. Handle the DIMM only by
the edges.
DRAM DIMM (Your DIMM’s shape and
components may vary.)
Connectors
Notches
The DRAM DIMM is designed to fit into the
slot only one way. Be sure to align the
notches in the DIMM with the small ribs
DRAM slot (1 of 8) inside the slot. With the ejector(s) in the
“open” position (as shown), push down
on the DIMM until it snaps into place.
The ejector(s) will automatically “close.”
Ejector (Your slot may have one or two
ejectors. They should be pushed outward and
down to be in the “open” position, as shown.)
Ribs (inside slot)
(Toward front of computer
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)
5
If you’re installing VRAM DIMMs, place them in the VRAM slots as illustrated below.
IMPORTANT Do not touch the DIMM’s connectors. Handle the DIMM only by
the edges.
Ejector (Your slot may
have one or two ejectors.
They should be pushed
outward and down to be in
the “open” position, as shown.)
VRAM DIMM (Your DIMM’s shape and components may vary.)
The VRAM DIMM is designed to fit into the slot only one
way. Be sure to align the notches in the DIMM with the
small ribs inside the slot. With the ejector(s) in the “open”
position (as shown), push down on the DIMM until it snaps
into place. The ejector(s) will automatically “close.”
Notches
Connectors
VRAM slot
(1 of 4)
Ribs (inside slot)
(Toward front of computer
)
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
127
6
If you’re upgrading the cache module, remove the old cache module as illustrated below.
IMPORTANT Do not touch the connectors on the cache module. Handle it only
by the edges.
Cache module slot
Cache module (Your module’s shape and components may vary.)
While holding it by the edges, pull the cache
module straight up out of the slot.
Connectors
(Toward front of computer
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)
7
If you’re upgrading the cache module, insert the new one as illustrated below.
IMPORTANT Do not touch the connectors on the cache module. Handle it only
by the edges.
Cache module slot
Cache module (Your module’s shape and components may vary.)
The cache module is designed to fit into the slot
only one way. Be sure to align the notches in the
module with the small ribs inside the slot.
Connectors
Notches
Ribs (inside slot)
(Toward front of computer
)
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
129
8
Replace the chassis by swinging it back into place.
Using the handle, gently swing the top chassis
closed until it rests firmly on the
bottom chassis.
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Handle
9
Lock the chassis by rotating the locking levers.
Lock the top chassis in place by moving the two locking levers inward and downward, as shown.
Be sure that they snap underneath the raised catches on the chassis.
Raised catch
Raised catch
10
Proceed to “Closing the Computer,” next.
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
131
Closing the computer
1
Replace the computer cover panel.
Align the bottom edge of the cover panel with the computer chassis as shown
below. Then press the cover panel onto the chassis until it snaps into place.
Fit the bottom edge of the cover panel into the
floor of the computer.
Press down on the top edge of the cover panel until it
snaps firmly into place.
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2
Lift up the computer so that it sits upright.
You are now finished with the installation. You may reconnect the cables and
power cord you disconnected from your computer, turn on the computer, and
start using the equipment you installed.
If you need help reconnecting your cables, see Chapter 1, “Setting Up Your
Computer.”
WARNING Never turn on your computer unless all of its internal and
external parts are in place. Operating the computer with the cover panel
off or when it is missing parts can be dangerous, and can damage your
computer.
Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
133
5
If you disconnected the two connectors in step 2, reconnect them now.
Troubleshooting
Chapter 9
Start Here If Trouble Occurs
Chapter 10
Solutions to Common Problems
Chapter 11
Diagnostic Techniques
IV
IMPORTANT Make sure the two connectors are connected properly. Otherwise,
the fan may not receive power and the components in your computer could be
damaged due to excessive heat.
part
Consult this chapter and Chapter 10
to solve problems with your computer
and its system software before you
call Apple for assistance.
9
Start Here If Trouble Occurs
Your computer came with a booklet that describes the service and support
options that are available from Apple. It contains phone numbers you can call
if you have trouble with your computer and also describes many other ways
of obtaining support information from online services, the Internet, and
automated fax services.
Before you contact Apple for assistance with your computer, however, follow
the advice in this chapter and Chapter 10. You’ll find you can solve most
problems with your computer on your own.
This chapter outlines the best general method for solving problems, and
Chapter 10 gives advice about how to solve specific problems.
137
Step 1: Gather as much information as you can
When you see an error message, you don’t have to take action immediately.
The message stays on the screen until you click the OK (or Restart) button or
turn off the Macintosh.
m Make a note of exactly what you were doing when the problem occurred.
Write down the message you see on the screen and its ID number (if any).
m List the programs you were using and the names of any items you know
have been added to the System Folder since the system software was
installed. This information will help a service person diagnose the
problem, if you need to call later.
m Check the screen for any clues. Is a menu selected? What programs and
document icons are open? Note anything else that seems relevant.
m If you were typing text and were not able to save it before the problem
occurred, write down the parts of the text still visible on the screen so that
some of your work will be easy to replace.
m Ask other Macintosh users about the problem you’re having; they may have
a solution for it.
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Step 2: Restart your computer
Often you can eliminate a problem simply by restarting your computer, which
clears the computer’s memory.
To restart your Macintosh when you are having trouble, try the following
steps:
1
If you can, save any open documents before restarting.
If your system is frozen and does not respond to anything you do, or if you
have a “bomb” message on the screen, saving may not be possible. You can try
pressing x-period to cancel the current operation; if this works, you can then
save the open documents before restarting.
2
If you can, choose Restart from the Special menu or from the dialog box that’s on
screen.
Dialog boxes contain messages from the computer. If something goes wrong,
a message may appear on the screen asking you to restart.
3
If you can’t choose Restart, press the Power key (marked with a π) on the keyboard.
Click Restart in the dialog box that appears.
4
If the Power key doesn’t work, hold down the x and Control keys while you press the
Power key.
This key combination restarts the computer. (Use this key combination only
when you can’t choose Restart from the Special menu or restart the computer
using the Power key.)
5
If your computer still doesn’t restart, press the power button on the front of the computer
to turn it off, wait at least 10 seconds, and turn it on again by pressing the Power key on
the keyboard.
If you suspect that the problem is with other equipment, such as a printer or
an external hard disk that’s attached to your computer, turn that equipment off
for 10 seconds or longer while your computer is off, then turn the equipment
on again and restart the Macintosh.
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Step 3: Check onscreen help, if you can
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide on some systems) contains some
troubleshooting information that is not included in this user’s manual. If you
are able to start up your computer properly, choose Macintosh Guide (or
Mac OS Guide) from the Guide (h) menu; click the Guide’s Topics button,
and choose Troubleshooting from the list.
Step 4: Check the next chapter, “Solutions to Common Problems”
You can probably find a solution for your particular problem in the next
chapter, “Solutions to Common Problems.”
If you suspect the problem may be with a program not published by Apple,
contact the program’s publisher.
Step 5: Use Apple System Profiler
Apple System Profiler is a utility that allows you to quickly view different
types of information about your computer, helping you and the Apple
Assistance Center troubleshoot your computer.
Opening Apple System Profiler
If you are able to start up your computer properly, choose Apple System
Profiler from the Apple (K) menu to open the utility.
When you open Apple System Profiler, a System Overview window appears.
Getting information about different hardware and software
To get more specific information about different hardware and software used
by your computer, or to go back to the System Overview window, choose one
of the following commands from the Select menu:
m System Overview
This command uses the window to display general information about your
computer, including what type of processor it’s using, how much memory
is installed, and what version of Mac OS is installed.
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m Volume Information
This command uses the window to display information about disks and
disk partitions that your computer can access.
m Device Information
This command uses the window to display information about equipment,
such as CD-ROM drives and scanners, connected to your computer.
m Control Panel Information
This command uses the window to display a list of control panels installed
on your computer. Using the buttons in the window, you can choose to
view all control panels, only non-Apple control panels, or only Apple
control panels. You can also tell whether a control panel is currently
enabled.
m Extension Information
This command uses the window to display a list of system software
extensions installed on your computer. Using the buttons in the window,
you can choose to view all extensions, only non-Apple extensions, or only
Apple extensions. You can also tell whether an extension is currently
enabled.
m System Folder Information
This command uses the window to display a list of System Folders on your
startup disk. Having more than one System Folder can cause various
problems. Therefore, if you see more than one System Folder in the list,
the extra one might be responsible for the problem you’re having.
Getting help
To find out what the different items in the Apple System Profiler window
mean, choose Show Balloons from the Guide (h) menu. Then point to the
item you want to know about.
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Consult this chapter for solutions
to specific problems with your
computer after trying the general
troubleshooting tips in Chapter 9.
10
Solutions to Common Problems
This chapter contains descriptions of specific problems you might experience
with your computer and solutions for them. If you haven’t already tried the
general troubleshooting tips in Chapter 9, do that first. Then return to this
chapter.
WARNING If you have a problem with your computer and nothing
presented in this manual solves it, consult the service and support
information that came with your computer for instructions on how to
contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
If you attempt to repair the computer yourself, any damage you
may cause will not be covered by the limited warranty. Contact an
Apple-authorized dealer or service provider for additional information
about this or any other warranty question.
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Problems turning on or starting up your computer
The computer is turned on but the screen is dark.
One of the following is probably the cause:
m You have a screen saver program that darkens the screen when the
computer has not been used for a certain period of time.
Press a key or move the mouse to turn off the screen saver.
m Your computer has gone to sleep due to inactivity. “Wake it up” by pressing
the Power key (marked with a π) on the keyboard.
m The monitor’s brightness control (¤) is not adjusted properly.
Check the monitor’s brightness control and turn it up if necessary.
m The monitor’s contrast control (O) is not adjusted properly.
Check the monitor’s contrast control and adjust it if necessary.
m The monitor is not getting power.
Check that the computer’s power cord is firmly connected and plugged into
a grounded electrical outlet, and that the outlet has power. If the computer
is plugged into a power strip, make sure the power strip is turned on.
Check that the monitor is plugged in and turned on, and that the monitor
cable is firmly connected to both the computer and the monitor.
The computer makes an unusual sound at startup.
m If you hear four tones, try starting up the computer from the system
software CD-ROM disc. For instructions, see “Starting Up From the
System Software CD-ROM Disc” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
If the hard disk icon appears after starting up from the system software CD,
you can probably repair it using the instructions in “Testing and Repairing
Your Hard Disk” in Chapter 11. If the computer does not start up, or if the
hard disk icon does not appear, the hard disk may need professional repair.
Contact an Apple-authorized service provider or call Apple for assistance.
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m There may be a problem with the information stored in the area called
parameter RAM (PRAM) or nonvolatile video RAM (NVRAM). Reset the
PRAM and NVRAM.
When you reset the PRAM and NVRAM, the settings on most of your
computer’s control panels revert to their defaults (original, standard
settings). You may want to check the settings in your control panels for
memory, networking, and monitors, and any aspect of your work that
seems affected after you reset the PRAM and NVRAM.
Follow these steps to reset the PRAM and NVRAM:
1. Shut down your computer by pressing the Power key (π) and then
clicking Shut Down.
2. Make sure the Caps Lock key is not engaged.
3. Position the fingers of your left hand on these keys: Command (x),
Option, and R. Locate the P key, so you can find it quickly for step 4.
4. Press the Power key (π) to turn on your computer. Immediately after
you hear the startup sound, press and hold down the Command (x),
Option, and R keys at the same time you press and hold down the P key.
5. When you hear the startup sound repeat twice, release the keys, then
immediately press and hold down the Shift key to start up with your
Extensions turned off. Release the Shift key when you see the message
“Extensions off” in the Welcome to Macintosh box.
If you don’t see the “Extensions off” message, wait until startup is
complete, then press and hold down the Shift key while you choose
Restart from the Special menu. Continue to hold down the Shift key
until the message appears.
6. Open the System Folder, then open the Preferences folder.
7. Drag the Display Preferences icon to the Trash.
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8. Restart your computer without holding down the Shift key.
The computer starts up with your Extensions turned on again.
9. If you had selected special settings in any control panels, open those
control panels to respecify the settings you want.
When you start up the computer, you see a message about the system software.
m The system software on the startup disk you’re using may be incomplete or
damaged or may be the wrong version. Make sure you’re using the correct
disk as a startup disk.
m If you’re sure you’re using the correct startup disk, you may need to reinstall
system software. See “Installing System Software” in Chapter 11.
When you start up, a disk icon with a blinking question mark appears in the middle of
the screen and stays there for longer than 15 seconds.
This icon indicates that your Macintosh cannot find the system software it
needs to start up. One of the following is probably the cause:
m Your computer may be having a problem recognizing external SCSI (Small
Computer System Interface) equipment, such as hard disks and scanners
that you may have connected.
Shut down your computer, turn off all external SCSI equipment, and
disconnect the first SCSI device in the chain from your computer’s SCSI
port (marked with the g icon). Then restart the computer. If the computer
starts up after you disconnect your SCSI equipment, refer both to the
manuals that came with the equipment and Chapter 7, “Connecting
Additional Equipment,” which has information on the proper way to
connect SCSI equipment and assign SCSI ID numbers.
If you have a printer connected to your computer’s SCSI port, make sure
your printer is connected properly. Most printers connect to the printer
port, not the SCSI port. Check the manuals that came with your printer for
information on how to connect it properly.
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m System software is not installed on the startup hard disk, the system
software is damaged, or the hard disk is not working properly.
Follow the instructions in “Testing and Repairing Your Hard Disk,” in
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques,” to test your startup hard disk and
repair any damage. If repairing the disk doesn’t help, reinstall system
software on your startup hard disk. For detailed instructions, see
“Installing System Software” also in Chapter 11.
A disk icon with an X appears in the middle of the screen and a floppy disk is ejected
from the disk drive.
This icon indicates that the floppy disk you tried to start up from is not a
startup disk. (When you turn on your computer, it looks first in the floppy
disk drive for a disk containing system software. If the disk in the drive does
not contain system software, the computer ejects the disk and looks on its
internal hard disk for system software.)
Wait a few seconds. The computer should start up from its internal hard
disk. Make sure you insert floppy disks only after the computer has begun
starting up.
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A “sad Macintosh” icon appears and the computer won’t start up.
This icon indicates that your Macintosh cannot start up because of a problem
with the system software or the computer hardware.
Eject any floppy disks by turning off the computer and then holding down the
mouse button while you turn the computer on again. Try starting up with the
system software CD-ROM disc. Do this by inserting the CD-ROM disc into
the CD-ROM drive and holding down the C key while you restart the
computer. (For detailed steps, see “Starting Up From the System Software
CD-ROM Disc” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”) If the “sad
Macintosh” icon appears again, consult the service and support information
that came with your computer for information on contacting an Appleauthorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
The computer freezes after the “happy Macintosh” icon appears but before the
“Welcome to Macintosh” message appears.
m Some equipment may not be correctly connected to your computer or an
individual piece of external equipment may be causing the problem.
Shut down the computer and disconnect external equipment. To determine
which piece of equipment is causing the problem, reconnect them one by
one and start up your Macintosh each time until the problem reoccurs.
m If the problem still occurs when no external equipment is connected to the
computer, the hard disk may be damaged.
Follow the instructions in “Testing and Repairing Your Hard Disk” in
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
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The computer freezes as icons are appearing at the bottom of your screen (system
extensions are loading).
m Some equipment may not be correctly connected to your computer or an
individual piece of external equipment may be causing the problem.
Shut down the computer and disconnect external equipment. To determine
which piece of equipment is causing the problem, reconnect them one by
one and start up your Macintosh each time until the problem reoccurs.
m Two or more system extensions may be in conflict with each other.
Restart the computer, holding down the Shift key until you see the message
“Extensions off” in the Welcome to Macintosh box. If the computer starts
up, turn to “Checking Your System Extensions” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic
Techniques.”
m If the computer still freezes, your System Folder may be damaged.
Follow the instructions in “Performing a Clean Installation of System
Software” in the “Installing System Software” section in Chapter 11.
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The hard disk icon does not appear on the desktop.
If you don’t see a hard disk icon on the desktop, try the following:
m Use the Drive Setup program to make the disk available. Drive Setup is
on the system software CD-ROM disc. For instructions on using Drive
Setup, follow the instructions in “Testing For Damage On Your Hard Disk”
in the section “Testing and Repairing Your Hard Disk” in Chapter 11,
“Diagnostic Techniques.”
m If the hard disk is internal, shut down your computer, wait at least 10
seconds, and then turn it on again.
m If the hard disk is external, make sure that it is turned on and that its cable
is connected firmly; then restart the Macintosh.
m Check the ID numbers of all SCSI equipment (anything connected to the
SCSI port [g]) connected to your computer. Each SCSI device must have
its own unique ID number. See the manuals that came with your SCSI
equipment, in conjunction with Chapter 7, “Connecting Additional
Equipment,” for information on setting SCSI ID numbers.
m If the hard disk is your startup disk, follow the instructions in “Testing and
Repairing Your Hard Disk,” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques,” to test
your startup hard disk and repair any damage. If repairing the disk doesn’t
help, reinstall system software on your startup hard disk. For detailed
instructions, see “Installing System Software,” which is also in Chapter 11.
Your computer starts up and you see large folder-shaped areas containing labeled
pictorial buttons, instead of the usual Macintosh desktop.
m Your computer may have started up from a CD-ROM disc containing
At Ease, an alternative to the Macintosh desktop. You need to have the
Macintosh desktop on your screen before you can use any of the
instructions in this manual.
To return to the Macintosh desktop, choose Shut Down from the Special
menu. After your computer has shut down, restart it and then immediately
press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray.
Remove the CD-ROM disc and gently close the tray. Your computer
finishes starting up.
Note: To avoid having the computer start up from a CD-ROM disc,
remember to remove any disc in the drive before you shut down your
computer.
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Your computer won’t restart, and there may or may not be a CD-ROM disc in the
CD-ROM drive.
m Your computer may be trying to start up from a CD-ROM disc. Press the
Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray, and remove
the CD-ROM disc. Close the tray, then restart your computer.
m If the computer freezes, you can try to “force” the program you’re using
to quit by simultaneously pressing the keys Command (x), Option, and
Esc on your keyboard. Then click Force Quit in the dialog box that
appears. (Note: Unsaved changes in your current documents will be
lost.) Immediately save all open documents, quit all other open programs,
and restart the computer.
m If the problem reoccurs, reset the parameter RAM. (See the entry “The
Computer Makes an Unusual Sound at Startup,” earlier in this section.)
Every time the computer starts up, it rebuilds the desktop.
m There may be a folder on your hard disk that has the same name as a file
the computer uses to keep track of information on your disks. Manually
search for a folder named “Desktop” or “Desktop file.” If you find one,
rename it. Then restart the computer. (Do not use the Find File feature to
search for the desktop file. Find File may find the desktop file but you may
not be able to access it.)
When the computer starts up, no icons appear in the windows, and the pointer alternates
between an arrow and a wristwatch, or an empty flashing box appears.
m There is a problem with the display of windows. Restart the computer,
holding down the Option key until the desktop icons appear. (When the
desktop appears, all windows will be closed.)
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Problems with application programs, documents, and memory
You can’t start an application program; you see a message that not enough memory is
available.
All the memory in your Macintosh is in use by other application programs,
system software, and system resources.
m Quit other open programs to free up memory, then open the program you
want to use.
m Follow these steps to allocate more memory to the program:
1. Choose About This Macintosh from the Apple (K) menu. Take note of
the number in the Largest Unused Block section. This number tells you
how much memory is available to open programs.
2. Quit the program if it’s open, select its icon, and choose Get Info from
the File menu. Take note of the numbers in the Minimum Size and
Preferred Size boxes.
3. If the number in the Minimum Size box is larger than the largest unused
block, not enough memory is available to use this program. To free
memory, quit open programs or restart the computer. You can also type
a smaller number in the Minimum Size box if you want to open the
program using less memory. But some programs don’t work well if you
assign them less memory.
4. If the number in the Preferred Size box is smaller than the largest
unused block, you may need to assign more memory to the program.
(A program may need more memory if you are working with complex
documents.) Type a larger number in the Preferred Size box.
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m Use the Memory control panel to reduce the size of the disk cache, remove
or reduce the size of your RAM disk, or turn on virtual memory. For more
information, see Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in the
Guide (h) menu.
Note: If you have both virtual memory and a RAM disk turned on in the
Memory control panel, don’t set both of them at or near their maximum
values. Doing so can result in unpredictable or reduced performance by
your computer. (RAM disk uses random-access memory, or RAM, as if it
were a hard disk.)
m Disable system extensions that you don’t need. For more information, see
the topic on system extensions in Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide),
available in the Guide (h) menu.
m If you have installed system software additions from the Apple Extras
folder such as Apple VideoPhone or PlainTalk, you may want to remove
them if you are not using them. (This software can decrease the amount of
memory available for use by application programs.) To remove a system
software addition, locate and run the Installer for the software, and use its
“Custom Remove” option to remove it.
m If you frequently want to open more programs than memory allows, you
may want to install more random-access memory (RAM). See Chapter 8,
“Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory.”
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153
The computer “freezes.”
m Your computer may be trying to complete a task, but it’s taking so long that
it seems that the screen has frozen. If you need to do something else
instead, try simultaneously pressing the Command (x) key and the period
key (.) to cancel the task the computer is working on.
m There may be a temporary software problem that can be fixed by restarting
your computer. Follow the instructions in “Step 2: Restart Your
Computer” in Chapter 9, “Start Here If Trouble Occurs.”
If the problem reoccurs, it may involve one or more of your application
programs. See the next entry for additional suggestions.
A dialog box with a bomb appears, or a dialog box indicates that a software application
program has quit unexpectedly.
The application program needs more memory, or there is a software problem.
m Write down what you were doing when the message appeared, and write
down the text of the message. This information may help a technical
support representative diagnose your problem if you later need to contact
Apple or the manufacturer of the application program.
About the codes in error messages: The number codes in error messages are
used in software development. Sometimes they can help a technician
narrow down the source of a problem. However, the codes are usually too
general or technical in nature to help you diagnose a problem yourself.
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m Restart your Macintosh. (For detailed steps, see Chapter 9, “Start Here If
Trouble Occurs.”) Most software problems are temporary, and restarting
the computer usually corrects the problem.
m Check for multiple System Folders on your startup disk, using the Find File
command. Throw away extra System Folders. The System Folder that your
computer is using has a small computer icon on it, which distinguishes it
from any other System Folder.
m Check for viruses on all your disks, using a virus-detection program.
Eliminate any viruses the program finds.
m Use the program’s Info window to give it more memory. (Select the
program’s icon and choose Get Info from the File menu.) For more
information on increasing a program’s memory, see the memory topic in
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
m If the problem occurs when you are trying to print, there may not be
enough memory for printing. Quit other open programs to free up memory.
m If the bomb only occurs in one application program, check for multiple
copies of the program on your hard disk. Use the Get Info command to
check the programs’ version numbers. Keep one copy of the latest version
and throw away all other copies.
Also, try reinstalling the program from the original disks. If reinstalling
doesn’t solve the problem, contact the manufacturer of the program to see
if the program contains software errors or “bugs” and if it is compatible
with the version of system software you’re using.
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155
m Sometimes incompatible system extensions or control panels can cause
system software problems. Restart while holding down the Shift key; this
temporarily turns off all system extensions.
If your computer works normally after you do this, use the Extensions
Manager control panel (in the Control Panels folder in the Apple [K]
menu) to turn on extensions and control panels one at a time. Restart after
you turn on each extension and control panel. This procedure should
identify incompatible extensions and control panels. (If you just added new
software to your computer, its system extension is the most probable cause
of the problem.) For detailed instructions, see the information about
managing system extensions in Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide),
available in the Guide (h) menu.
If your computer performs better when a particular extension or control
panel is turned off, contact the software’s manufacturer for information or
an upgrade.
A program won’t open.
m The application program may already be open. Check the Applications
menu to see which programs are running.
m There may not be enough memory available to open the program. Quit any
programs you’re not using and try again. If that doesn’t work, try restarting
the computer.
m If the program is on a floppy disk, make sure the disk is unlocked. (You
unlock a disk by sliding the tab at the corner of the disk so that it covers
the hole.)
m The program may be damaged, or it may not be compatible with PowerPC
technology. Check to make sure the software is PowerPC-compatible, and
install it from a known good source (such as the original program disks).
m Check that the program is compatible with the version of system software
that you are using. (See the program’s documentation, or contact the
manufacturer or vendor.)
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You can’t open a document, or you see a message that an application program
can’t be found.
The document may have been created with a program that is not on your hard
disk, or with a different version of the program.
m Try starting a program that you think might be able to open the document.
Then choose Open from the program’s File menu to open the document.
For more information, see the documentation that came with the program.
m Purchase and install the correct software to use the document, or find out
if the creator of the document can convert it to a form that one of your
programs can use.
m Rebuild your desktop. For instructions, see “Rebuilding Your Desktop” in
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
m Don’t try to open the files in your System Folder. Most of the files in your
System Folder are used by your computer for internal purposes and are not
intended to be opened.
m If the document is from a DOS or Windows computer, read the
next section.
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You experience problems using a document from a DOS or Windows computer.
If you can’t open a DOS or Windows document by double-clicking its icon,
try one of the following:
m Open the document from within the program by choosing Open in the
program’s File menu.
m Use the PC Exchange control panel (in the Control Panels folder in the
Apple [K] menu) to specify which Macintosh program will open the
document.
If a DOS document is displayed incorrectly, or you see strange codes or
characters in the document, try one of the following:
m Your application program may have special procedures for opening and
saving documents with different file formats. See the information that
came with your program, or call the program’s publisher.
m Try opening the document in another program.
Note: Some characters that can be displayed on the Macintosh are not
accurately displayed on DOS computers.
For information about working with DOS or Windows documents on your
Macintosh, see Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in the
Guide (h) menu.
A file can’t be thrown away.
m The file may be locked. Select the file’s icon, choose Get Info from the File
menu, and click the Locked checkbox to remove the X. You can delete
locked files that are in the Trash by holding down the Option key while
you choose Empty Trash from the Special menu.
m An application program may be using the file. Close the file or quit
the program.
m If the file is on a floppy disk, the disk may be locked. Unlock the disk by
sliding the tab so that it covers the hole at the corner of the disk.
m The file may be in a shared folder that can’t be changed. You can throw
away the file by turning off file sharing temporarily (click Stop in the
Sharing Setup control panel). Or you can select the shared folder, choose
Sharing from the File menu, and uncheck the box labeled either “Can’t be
moved, renamed, or deleted” or “Same as enclosing folder.”
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You see a message that your application program can’t be opened because a file can’t
be found.
Macintosh programs designed specifically for the PowerPC microprocessor
(also called “native” applications) use special files called “shared libraries.”
Any necessary shared libraries should be installed automatically when you
install these special Macintosh programs.
Follow the directions that came with your program to reinstall it. If the
shared library is still missing, contact the software program’s manufacturer
for assistance.
You experience problems using an older Macintosh program.
Some older Macintosh programs are not completely compatible with
Macintosh computers that have the PowerPC microprocessor.
m Open the Memory control panel (in the Control Panels folder in the
Apple [K] menu) and turn off Modern Memory Manager.
m If that doesn’t work, contact the program’s publisher to see if an upgrade
is available.
A window has disappeared.
m Another open window may be covering the one you’re looking for. Move,
resize, close, or hide windows until you see the one you want.
m The program the window is associated with may be hidden. Choose Show
All from the Application menu and then click the window you want, or
choose the program from the Application menu.
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Problems with CD-ROM drives and discs
Problems using the CD-ROM drive
The CD-ROM drive icon does not appear on the screen.
m If you reinstalled the CD-ROM software, make sure to restart your
computer afterward.
m Make sure that the Apple CD-ROM extension is turned on in the
Extensions Manager control panel. (Open the Extensions Manager control
panel in the Control Panels folder in the Apple [K] menu). Then restart
your computer.
The computer keeps asking you to reinsert a CD-ROM disc after you’ve ejected it.
m An application program or document from the CD-ROM disc is still open
and is “looking for” the disc. Reinsert the CD-ROM disc and close the
documents or quit the application programs that are open on the disc. (Go
to the Application menu in the upper-right corner of your screen and make
sure that the Finder is the only application listed. If not, select one of the
other applications programs and then choose Quit from the File menu. Do
this for any other applications listed in the Application menu.) Then eject
the CD-ROM disc by selecting its icon and choosing Put Away from the
File menu or by dragging the CD-ROM disc’s icon to the Trash.
m You may not have properly ejected the CD-ROM disc. To eject the disc
properly, reinsert it, select the CD-ROM disc icon, and choose Put Away
from the File menu. (You can also drag the CD-ROM disc’s icon to the
trash.) If you eject a CD-ROM disc by choosing Eject Disk from the
Special menu, the computer remembers the CD-ROM disc in its memory
and keeps asking you to reinsert it.
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The tray of your CD-ROM drive won’t open.
If a CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen:
m Drag the disc icon to the Trash, or select it and choose Put Away from the
File menu. (Note: You won’t lose information on the CD-ROM disc by
dragging its icon to the Trash. Don’t select the disc icon and then choose
Eject Disk from the Special menu.)
If the AppleCD Audio Player is active, choose Eject CD from the File
menu or click the eject button in the AppleCD Audio Player controller.
If no CD-ROM disc icon appears on your screen:
m Restart your computer. Immediately after you hear the startup chime, press
the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive.
m The signal to open the tray may not be reaching the computer. To manually
open the tray, turn off your computer, locate the small pinhole to the lower
right of the CD-ROM tray opening, and insert the end of a large
straightened paper clip about 1.25 inches into the pinhole. Push gently but
firmly until the tray is released, then carefully pull the tray open. (Do not
force the tray open; wait until the paper clip has dislodged it to be sure you
don’t break the front of the tray.) Remove the CD, turn on your computer,
and press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to see if it is
working properly.
Emergency ejection hole
WARNING Turn off your computer before you attempt to eject the tray
using a paper clip. If you don’t, you may damage the CD-ROM drive.
If neither of these suggestions works, your CD-ROM drive may be damaged.
Contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for further assistance.
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Your computer won’t restart, and there may be a CD-ROM disc in the CD-ROM drive.
m Your computer may be trying to start up from a CD-ROM disc. Press the
Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray, and remove
the CD-ROM disc. Close the tray, then restart your computer.
Your CD-ROM disc is vibrating in the CD-ROM drive.
m Some CD-ROM disc labels have artwork that is noticeably thicker on one
side than the other and can cause the disc’s weight to be slightly off-center.
This uneven distribution of weight coupled with the high rotation speed of
your CD-ROM drive can cause some discs to wobble in the drive and make
your computer vibrate. The vibration damages neither the CD-ROM disc
nor the computer and affects very few CD-ROM discs. If you can feel or
hear that the CD-ROM disc is vibrating in the computer, you don’t need to
do anything special; continue to use the CD-ROM disc as you normally
would.
Note: If you use a CD-ROM disc with a removable (sticky) label, remove
the label before inserting the disc.
Your computer starts up and you see large folder-shaped areas, containing labeled
pictorial buttons, instead of the usual Macintosh desktop.
m Your computer may have started up from a CD-ROM disc containing
At Ease, an alternative to the Macintosh desktop.
To return to the Macintosh desktop, choose Shut Down from the Special
menu. After your computer has shut down, restart it and then immediately
press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the tray.
Remove the CD-ROM disc and gently close the tray. Your computer
finishes starting up.
Note: To avoid having the computer start up from a CD-ROM disc,
remember to remove any disc from the drive before you shut down your
computer.
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Problems using CD-ROM discs
You insert a CD-ROM disc, but its icon doesn’t appear on the Macintosh desktop.
m Make sure that the disc label is facing up and the disc is centered in
the tray.
IMPORTANT If you’re using a small (8 cm) disc, make sure it’s centered
within the tray’s inner ring and the computer is absolutely level. An
improperly seated small disc in your computer may result in damage to
the disc, the CD-ROM drive, or both.
m Make sure the tray is closed all the way.
m Try restarting your computer.
m Make sure that the Apple CD-ROM extension is turned on in the
Extensions Manager control panel. (Open the Extensions Manager control
panel in the Control Panels folder in the Apple [K] menu). Then restart
your computer.
m Try starting your computer from the system software CD-ROM disc that
came with your computer; insert the CD and restart while holding down
the C key. (For detailed steps, see “Starting Up From the System Software
CD-ROM Disc” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”) If only the hard
disk icon appears on the desktop, then there may be a hardware problem
with your CD-ROM drive. If the CD-ROM disc icon appears above the
hard disk icon, reinstall your CD-ROM software. The easiest way to do this
is by reinstalling your system software, following the instructions in
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
Your computer displays the message “This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you want to
initialize it?” when you insert a CD-ROM disc in the CD-ROM drive.
m Make sure that the Foreign File Access extension is installed and turned
on. Use the Extensions Manager control panel in the Control Panels folder
in the Apple (K) menu to turn it on, then restart your computer.
m The disc may use a format that the Macintosh cannot recognize. Ask the
disc’s manufacturer for a disc that a Macintosh can recognize.
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Your computer ejects a CD-ROM disc without giving you any error message.
m Make sure the disc is lying flat in the tray and the disc label is facing up.
IMPORTANT If you’re using a small (8 cm) disc, make sure it’s centered
within the tray’s inner ring and the computer is absolutely level. An
improperly seated small disc in your computer may result in damage to
the disc, the CD-ROM drive, or both.
m The disc may need to be cleaned. (See “Handling CD-ROM Discs” in the
section “Handling Your Computer Equipment” in Appendix A.) If there are
visible scratches on the shiny side of the disc, you may be able to remove
them with a CD-ROM disc polishing kit (available from your audio CD
dealer). If the scratches can’t be removed, you need to replace the disc.
m The disc may be damaged. Try another disc in the drive, and try the
original disc in another drive. If the original drive reads other discs or if
the original disc also doesn’t work in another drive, the disc is probably
damaged. You need to replace it.
You can’t open a document on a CD-ROM disc.
m Try starting a program that you think might be able to open the document.
Then choose Open from the program’s File menu to open the document.
m Read the manual that came with your CD-ROM disc. Some discs come with
software that you need to install before using the disc.
You can’t save changes you make to information on a CD-ROM disc.
m A CD-ROM disc is a read-only medium. This means that information can
be read (retrieved) from it, but not written (stored) on it. You can save the
changed information on a hard disk or floppy disk.
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Your CD-ROM disc is vibrating in the CD-ROM drive.
m Some CD-ROM disc labels have artwork that is noticeably thicker on one
side than the other and can cause the disc’s weight to be slightly off-center.
This uneven distribution of weight coupled with the high rotation speed of
your CD-ROM drive can cause some discs to wobble in the drive and make
your computer vibrate. The vibration damages neither the CD-ROM disc
nor the computer and affects very few CD-ROM discs. If you can feel or
hear that the CD-ROM disc is vibrating in the computer, you don’t need to
do anything special; continue to use the CD-ROM disc as you normally
would.
Note: If you use a CD-ROM disc with a removable (sticky) label, remove
the label before inserting the disc.
Problems using ISO 9660 or High Sierra discs
You cannot access files on a CD-ROM disc that uses the ISO 9660 or High Sierra format.
m Discs in the ISO 9660 and High Sierra disc formats have version numbers
attached to file names. Some application programs need these version
numbers in order to work with files. To make the version numbers
available to programs on your computer, follow these instructions.
Drag the CD-ROM disc icon to the Trash. When the tray opens, hold down
the Option key and push the tray back in. Continue to hold down the
Option key until the disc is mounted in the drive. The program you are
using should now be able to locate file names on that CD-ROM disc.
m Make sure that Foreign File Access, ISO 9660 File Access, and High Sierra
File Access files are present in the Extensions folder in the System Folder
on your hard disk. If these files are not present, reinstall your CD-ROM
software. The easiest way to do this is by reinstalling your system software,
following the instructions in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
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Problems playing audio CDs
You don’t hear any sound when you play an audio CD or an audio track on a CD-ROM
disc using the AppleCD Audio Player.
m If you have headphones or speakers connected to the computer, make sure
they are firmly connected. Make sure the volume control on your
headphones or speakers is not turned down too low.
m If you do not have headphones or speakers connected to the computer,
make sure that nothing else is plugged into the computer’s sound output
port (-).
m If you are using a CD-ROM disc over a network, you won’t be able to hear
the audio portion.
m Make sure the volume is turned up in the AppleCD Audio Player. With the
program open, drag the volume control slider up, use the volume controls
on your computer, or press the Up Arrow key on your keyboard.
m The CD may have been paused. Click the Play/Pause button in the
AppleCD Audio Player once or twice.
While playing an audio track on a CD-ROM disc that combines audio tracks and data,
you double-click the disc icon and the audio track stops playing.
m You can’t open data files on a CD-ROM disc and listen to audio tracks on it
at the same time.
You are unable to record sound from an audio CD.
m You may need to reset the sound options in the Monitors & Sound control
panel. Refer to the information on sound in Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS
Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
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Problems using Photo CDs
You insert a Photo CD disc, but its icon doesn’t appear on the desktop.
m Reinstall the CD-ROM and QuickTime software. The easiest way to do
this is by reinstalling your system software, following the instructions in
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
Your computer does not display color icons for individual images on a Photo CD.
m Your computer may be low on memory. To view color icons, restart your
computer and then reopen the Photos folder. See Macintosh Guide (or Mac
OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu, for more information on
managing memory.
After you open an image file on a Photo CD, the image is scrambled, colors are displayed
incorrectly, or no image appears in the window.
m The program you are using may not be designed to work with large (highresolution) image files. You can open the image with another program or
you can assign more memory to the program. See Macintosh Guide (or
Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu, for more information on
managing memory.
After you open an image on a Photo CD, your system “freezes” and does not respond to
any input, or you have a “bomb” message on your screen.
m Restart your Macintosh. (If you need help restarting your computer, see
Chapter 9, “Start Here If Trouble Occurs.” The program you are using may
not be designed to work with large (high-resolution) image files. You can
open the image with another program or you can assign more memory to
the current program. See Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in
the Guide (h) menu, for more information on managing memory.
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Problems with floppy disks and floppy disk drives
You can’t eject a floppy disk.
If you can’t eject a floppy disk in the usual way, by selecting the disk’s icon
and choosing Put Away from the File menu or by dragging the disk’s icon to
the Trash, try the following in order:
m Hold down the x and Shift keys and press the number 1 key on your
keyboard.
m Shut down the computer. If the disk isn’t ejected, then hold down the
button on your mouse or other pointing device while you start up the
computer again.
m Locate the small hole near the disk drive’s opening, and carefully insert the
end of a large straightened paper clip into it. Push gently until the disk is
ejected. Do not use excessive force.
Emergency ejection hole
If none of these solutions works, take the computer or disk drive to your
Apple-authorized service provider to have the disk removed.
You can’t save or copy files onto a floppy disk.
m The disk may be locked. Unlock it by sliding the tab at the corner of the
disk so that it covers the hole.
m The disk may be full. Throw away items on the disk that you no longer
need, or save the files on a different disk.
m The disk may be damaged. Test it with Disk First Aid, which is located on
the system software CD-ROM disc.
m The disk drive may be damaged. To see if this is the problem, try saving or
copying files onto another floppy disk. If you are still unsuccessful, the
drive may need professional repair. Contact your Apple-authorized service
provider or call Apple for assistance.
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After inserting a floppy disk, you see the message, “This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you
want to initialize it?" or "This disk is damaged: Do you want to initialize it?"
m The floppy disk may be new and not yet initialized. If you’re sure the disk
has never been used, click Yes.
WARNING Clicking Yes erases all data that may be on the disk.
Therefore, only click Yes if you’re sure the disk contains no important
data. If you’re not sure, click No.
m The disk may have been formatted for use on DOS/Windows systems, or
some other kind of computer. If so, see the tips that follow.
m Click No in the dialog box asking you if you want to initialize the disk.
m Make sure the PC Exchange control panel is in the Control Panels folder
(in the Apple [K] menu) and that it is turned on. Also, make sure PC
Exchange is enabled in the Extensions Manager control panel. For more
information about Extensions Manager, see the information about
managing extensions in Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available
in the Guide (h) menu.
m When formatting floppy disks on a DOS computer for use in a
Macintosh, you need to format standard double-sided disks as 720K
disks and high-density disks as 1440K disks. Double-sided disks
formatted in 1440K format and high-density disks formatted in 720K
format may not work in a Macintosh.
If you think your DOS floppy disk might have a format that doesn’t
work in a Macintosh, use a DOS computer to copy the contents of the
disk onto a properly formatted disk.
m The floppy disk may be too warm or too cold to be read. You can warm up
a cold disk safely by setting it on top of your monitor for a few minutes.
You can cool an overly warm disk by placing it in a shady, cool place.
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m The disk drive may be damaged. To see if this is the problem, click No to
eject the disk; then insert the disk into another drive, if you have one. If
you still see the message, the floppy disk may be damaged. If the disk icon
appears on the desktop, one of the drives may be damaged. (When a disk
that was written on by one drive cannot be read by another, the heads on
one of the drives are out of alignment. The drive that is misaligned or
broken may not be the drive that cannot read the disk; try the disk in three
or four drives to identify the drive with the problem.)
m If none of these suggestions works, the floppy disk is probably damaged.
First use a disk recovery program to copy the data from your damaged disk
onto a good disk. For instructions, see the documentation that came with
the disk recovery program. Then, use Disk First Aid (located on the system
software CD-ROM disc) to repair the damaged floppy disk.
The computer keeps asking you to reinsert a floppy disk after you’ve ejected it.
m An application program or document from the floppy disk is still open and
is “looking for” the disk. Reinsert the disk and close the documents or quit
the application programs that are open on the disk. (Go to the Application
menu in the upper-right corner of your screen and make sure that the
Finder is the only application listed. If not, select one of the other
application programs and then choose Quit from the File menu. Do this
for any other applications listed in the Application menu.) Then eject
the floppy disk by selecting its icon and choosing Put Away from the
File menu.
m You may not have properly ejected the floppy disk. To eject the disk
properly, reinsert it, select the floppy disk icon, and choose Put Away from
the File menu. If you eject a floppy disk by choosing Eject Disk from the
Special menu, the computer remembers the floppy disk in its memory and
keeps asking you to reinsert it.
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Problems with hard disks
The computer won’t start up from the internal hard disk, or the hard disk icon doesn’t
appear on the desktop.
m There may be a temporary software problem. Turn off the computer, wait
at least 10 seconds, and then turn it on again.
m There may be a problem with your startup disk or with its system software.
See “Testing and Repairing Your Hard Disk” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic
Techniques.”
The computer is using the wrong disk as a startup disk.
m Open the Startup Disk control panel and make sure the correct disk is
selected. Then restart the computer.
m If you’re trying to start up from an external hard disk, your computer may
be having a problem recognizing the disk, which is a SCSI device. Refer to
both the manual that came with the hard disk and Chapter 7, “Connecting
Additional Equipment,” which has information on the proper way to
connect SCSI equipment and assign SCSI ID numbers.
m Reset the PRAM and NVRAM by following the instructions in “The
Computer Makes an Unusual Sound at Startup” earlier in this chapter.
Problems with your computer’s speed
Your computer’s performance decreases
m If you notice a decrease in your computer’s speed and general performance
after you install a control panel or system extension, it may be because the
software is not compatible with either Macintosh computers built with the
PowerPC microprocessor or with other system extensions.
To find out if a system extension or control panel is the problem, follow
the instructions in the section “Checking Your System Extensions” in
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
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m Use the Memory control panel to turn off virtual memory. For more
information on virtual memory, see the information about memory in
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
Note: If you turn on both virtual memory and RAM disk in the Memory
control panel, don’t set both of them at or near their maximum values.
Doing so can result in unpredictable or reduced performance by your
computer. (RAM disk uses random-access memory, or RAM, as if it were
a hard disk.)
m If you still do not notice an improvement, you may want to reinstall system
software on your startup hard disk. See Chapter 11, “Diagnostic
Techniques,” for instructions.
m If you typically use several application programs at the same time, your
computer’s performance will increase if you install more random-access
memory (RAM). See Chapter 8, “Installing PCI Expansion Cards and
Additional Memory.”
Your computer isn’t performing as fast as you’d like.
If, after trying the tips in the previous section, your computer still isn’t
performing as fast as you’d like, try these suggestions. Each one will make
only a small difference in your computer’s speed; but if you try them all,
you’ll notice the improvement.
m Open the Memory control panel in the Control Panels folder in the
Apple (K) menu; then make these changes:
m In the Disk Cache section, increase the Cache Size slightly. (Because the
amount of memory available for opening programs decreases as you
increase the size of the cache, do not set the Cache Size too high.)
m In the Modern Memory Manager section, click On.
m In the Virtual Memory section, click Off if you haven’t already done so.
m Open the Keyboard control panel in the Control Panels folder; then make
these changes:
m Set the Key Repeat Rate to Fast.
m Set the Delay Until Repeat to Short.
m Turn off Menu Blinking. Open the General Controls control panel in the
Control Panels folder; then click Off in the Menu Blinking section.
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m If you don’t need to see thousands or millions of colors on the screen,
reduce the color depth. Open the Monitors and Sound control panel in the
Control Panels folder; then click 256 in the Color Depth section.
m Increase the speed of mouse tracking. Open the Mouse control panel in the
Control Panels folder; then set Mouse Tracking to Fast.
m Make sure your computer is not calculating folder sizes. Open the Views
control panel in the Control Panels folder; in the List Views section, make
sure the checkbox next to Calculate folder sizes is not checked.
m If your computer is not connected to an AppleTalk network, turn off
AppleTalk. Open the Chooser in the Apple (K) menu; in the AppleTalk
section, click Inactive.
Other problems with your computer
The pointer (8) doesn’t move when you move the mouse.
One of the following situations is probably the cause.
m The mouse or keyboard is not connected properly.
Turn off the computer by pressing the Power key (π) and then press
return to choose Shut Down. If that doesn’t work, press the power
button on the front of the computer. With the computer off, check that
the mouse and keyboard cables are connected properly. Then restart
the computer.
IMPORTANT Do not connect or disconnect the mouse while the computer is
turned on. You may damage your computer.
m Signals from the mouse are not reaching the computer, either because the
mouse needs cleaning or because there is something wrong with it.
Clean the mouse according to the instructions in Appendix A, “Health,
Safety, and Maintenance Tips.”
If you have another mouse or pointing device, try connecting and using it.
(Turn the computer off before connecting it.) If the new device works, there
is probably something wrong with the mouse you replaced. Consult the
service and support information that came with your computer for
instructions on how to contact an Apple-authorized service provider or
Apple for assistance.
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m There is a software problem. Try the following:
Press x-Option-Esc to quit the application program in use when the
problem occurred. If this works, you can save the documents open in other
programs before restarting.
Restart your Macintosh. For instructions, see Chapter 9, “Start Here If
Trouble Occurs.”
m Follow the suggestions in the entry, “A Dialog Box With a Bomb Appears”
earlier in this chapter.
Typing on the keyboard produces nothing on the screen.
One of the following is probably the cause:
m You haven’t selected any text or set the insertion point (i).
Make sure the program you want to type in is the active program. Then
place the pointer (8) in the active window and click to set an insertion
point (i) or drag to select text (if you want to replace the text with your
typing).
m If the computer beeps every time you press a key, Easy Access is probably
turned on.
Use the Extensions Manager control panel in the Control Panels folder in
the Apple (K) menu to turn off Easy Access. For more information about
Extensions Manager, see the information about managing extensions in
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
m The keyboard is not connected properly.
Turn off the computer by pressing the power button on the front of the
computer. With the computer off, check that the keyboard cable is
connected properly at both ends.
m Some system software features that affect the way the keyboard works are
turned on.
Open Easy Access from the control panels listed under the Apple (K)
menu and turn off Sticky Keys, Slow Keys, and Mouse Keys.
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m There is a software problem.
Restart your Macintosh. For instructions, see Chapter 9, “Start Here If
Trouble Occurs.”
Check the startup disk and application program you were using when the
problem occurred. To check that the programs and the system extensions
you’re using are compatible with the system software, restart while holding
down the Shift key; this temporarily turns off all system extensions. If your
computer works normally after you do this, use the Extensions Manager
control panel to turn on extensions and control panels one at a time.
Restart after you turn on each extension. This procedure should identify
any incompatible extensions and control panels that may be causing the
problem. (If you just added new software to your computer, its system
extension is the most probable cause of the problem.) For detailed
instructions, see the information about managing system extensions in
Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
If the problem reoccurs, you may need to reinstall system software. See
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques,” for instructions.
m The keyboard is damaged.
If you have access to another keyboard, try using it instead. (Turn the
computer off before connecting it.) If the new keyboard works, there is
probably something wrong with the one you replaced.
If none of these procedures solves the problem, consult the service and
support information that came with your computer for instructions on how to
contact an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
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Your screen displays a right-angle bracket prompt (>).
Your computer has tried to launch a “debugging” application, but could not
find one on your hard disk. Debugging applications are programs that
software developers use to locate and fix problems in computer code. If you
do not have a debugging application installed, your screen displays a rightangle bracket prompt (>). To return to the desktop, type G and then
press Return.
You can’t record sound using an external microphone or the microphone built into
your monitor.
m Make sure your sound input source is set to “External Microphone.” Open
the Monitors & Sound control panel in the Apple (K) menu, click the
Sound icon, and choose “External Microphone” from the Sound Input
pop-up menu.
m If you’re using your monitor’s built-in microphone to record, use the
Monitors & Sound control panel to mute the monitor’s speakers. In the
same control panel, make sure that the sound input is set to the monitor’s
built-in microphone.
For additional help, see the information about sound in Macintosh Guide (or
Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
The computer’s clock keeps time inaccurately.
If your clock begins to keep time inaccurately, have an Apple-authorized
service provider replace the battery. Consult the service and support
information that came with your computer for instructions on how to contact
an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple for assistance.
WARNING Do not attempt to replace the clock battery yourself. If the
clock begins to lose accuracy, have an Apple-authorized service provider
replace the battery. The service provider will dispose of the battery
according to the local environmental guidelines.
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Some icons look different from usual.
m There may be a problem with the information that the computer uses to
keep track of files. To fix this problem, you need to rebuild the desktop. For
instructions, see “Rebuilding Your Desktop” in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic
Techniques.”
m You may be using a file-compression program to save space on your hard
disk. Some compression programs change the appearance of icons.
When trying to open or move a font file, you see an error message.
m The font file may be damaged. To remove damaged font files, follow
these steps:
1. Drag the Fonts folder out of the System Folder.
2. Restart the computer.
3. Open the Fonts folder that you dragged out and drag all the fonts that do
not cause errors to the System Folder icon. Click OK in the dialog box.
4. Throw away the old Fonts folder.
5. Reinstall the damaged font from the original disk.
An icon is blinking in the menu bar.
m A program needs attention. Open the menu and choose the program whose
icon is blinking (it may have a diamond by its name). Respond to any
messages on the screen. If it’s not clear what you should do, consult the
documentation that came with the program.
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The computer makes unusual sounds.
m A program may need your attention. If an icon is blinking in the menu bar,
open the menu, choose the program whose icon is blinking (it may have a
diamond by its name), and take the necessary action.
m Open the Easy Access control panel (if it is installed on your computer)
and check whether any of its features are turned on.
m Select a different system sound in the Sound control panel.
m If the sounds are regular or melodic, they may be caused by interference
from electrical equipment. Move the computer farther away from any such
equipment.
See also “The Computer Makes an Unusual Sound at Startup” in the section
“Problems Turning On or Starting Up Your Computer” earlier in this chapter.
Problems with your printer
The following suggestions should work for all printers. (Note: Also refer to
the manual that came with the printer.)
m Make sure that the printer driver for your printer is turned on in the
Extensions Manager control panel in the Control Panels folder in the
Apple (K) menu. To find out the name of the printer driver—for example,
LaserWriter—refer to the documentation that came with your printer.
m Check your printer settings in the Chooser (in the Apple [K] menu),
making sure you have selected the correct printer. If you are using a printer
that is shared by other computer users (a printer on a local network), make
sure that AppleTalk (in the lower-right corner of the Chooser) is active. If
you are using your own printer (a serial printer connected to your
computer), make sure that AppleTalk is inactive.
m Turn off the computer and printer and check the printer cable connections.
m If none of these suggestions solves the problem, you may need to reinstall
the printer driver that came with your printer. Refer to the manual that
came with your printer. (See the following important note.)
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Note: If you have an Apple printer, you need to determine which printer
driver to reinstall—the one that came with your printer or one of the drivers
included on your system software CD-ROM disc. Depending on when you
bought your printer, one of these printer drivers will be more recent than the
other. It is the more recent one you want.
Nothing happens, or an error message appears when you try to print.
m There may not be enough memory for printing. Try the following:
m Quit the program immediately after sending the Print command to free
up memory for printing.
m Increase the amount of memory for the desktop printer icon; select it,
choose Get Info from the File menu, and type a larger number in the
Preferred Size box.
m Reduce the amount of memory the program uses.
m Make sure the printer is turned on. Some printers need to warm up for a
few minutes after you turn them on.
m The printer may be out of paper or may need attention. Check the printer
status lights and any messages on your screen.
m Open the desktop printer icon and check for status messages.
m Reinstall your printer software.
Problems with networks and file sharing
If you are having problems using the network or file sharing, try the following
before attempting further solutions:
m Make sure the network is working by opening the Chooser and checking
for the shared disks and printers you usually use.
m Make sure that AppleTalk is turned on in the Chooser.
m Open the AppleTalk and TCP/IP control panels and make sure the settings
are correct. For more information, see Chapter 5, “Connecting Your
Computer to a Network.”
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m Make sure that all the network software is installed. The Network and
AppleShare extensions should be in the Extensions folder. If you want to
use file sharing, the Sharing Setup control panel should be in the Control
Panels folder, and the File Sharing extension should be in the Extensions
folder. If any of these items is missing, reinstall the system software
according to the instructions in Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
The computer you want to connect to doesn’t appear in the Chooser.
m Make sure the computer you’re trying to connect to is turned on.
m Make sure file sharing is active on the computer you’re trying to connect to.
(That computer’s Sharing Setup control panel should say that file sharing
is on.)
You connected to another computer, but the shared disk you want to use is not
available.
m You may already be connected to the shared disk. Check for its icon on
your desktop.
m You may not have the access privileges you need to use the shared disk.
Ask the network administrator or the owner of the shared item to give you
access. See the topic on file sharing in Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS
Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
You connected to another computer, but you can’t see any files.
m Make sure that files are being shared on the other computer. The File
Sharing Monitor control panel on that computer lists the items being
shared.
m Make sure you have the access privileges you need to view the files. Ask
the network administrator or the owner of the shared item to give you
access. See the topic on file sharing in Macintosh Guide (or Mac OS
Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
A message says that file sharing can’t be turned on.
m Make sure AppleTalk is turned on in the Chooser.
m Make sure you have at least 400K of available space on your hard disk.
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m Some disk-formatting programs don’t work with file sharing. If you use
such a program, contact the manufacturer or vendor for compatibility
information.
m There may be a problem with some of the information your computer
uses to start up file sharing. Follow these steps in order until the problem
is solved:
1. Open the Sharing Setup control panel and enter new information in the
Owner section. Then try again to turn on file sharing.
2. Remove the File Sharing folder from the Preferences folder (inside the
System Folder). Then restart the computer and try to turn on file
sharing.
3. Reset the PRAM and NVRAM by following the instructions in “The
Computer Makes an Unusual Sound at Startup” earlier in this chapter.
Afterward, make sure to select the correct network type in the
AppleTalk control panel.
4. Remove the Users & Groups data file from the Preferences folder
(inside the System Folder). Restart the computer.
5. Reinstall system software.
A message says that an item can’t be shared.
m Make sure you have at least 1 MB of space available on your hard disk.
m Some removable storage devices can’t be shared. Check with the
manufacturer or vendor of the device for more information.
m Some disk-formatting programs don’t work with file sharing. If you use
such a program, check with the program’s manufacturer or vendor.
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The file-sharing section doesn’t appear in the Sharing Setup control panel.
m You may have turned off AppleTalk or file sharing using the Extensions
Manager control panel. Turn them back on.
m If the file-sharing and network software are not in your System Folder,
reinstall them by reinstalling system software. For more information, see
Chapter 11, “Diagnostic Techniques.”
You can’t open a shared disk or folder.
m You may not have the access privileges needed to use the disk or folder.
Ask the network administrator or the owner of the shared item to give
you access.
m Check with the owner of the item to make sure you are entering your
name exactly as the owner specified (including spaces and capitalization)
and try again.
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Consult this chapter to learn how to
check system extensions, test and repair hard
disks, install and remove system software,
and use other diagnostic techniques.
11
Diagnostic Techniques
This chapter provides detailed instructions on several techniques you will use
to diagnose and fix problems involving system software and hard disks. You
will learn how to check your system extensions, start up from your system
software CD-ROM disc, and test and repair disks. You will also see different
ways to install and remove system software and learn how to use Apple
System Profiler, a utility that allows you to quickly view different types of
information about your computer.
Checking your system extensions
System extensions are files that add features to your system software. Some
extensions are incompatible with one another, with certain programs, or with
Macintosh computers built with the PowerPC microprocessor. To check
whether an extension is causing problems, follow these steps:
1
Start up your computer while holding down the Shift key. Keep it held down until you see
the message “Extensions off” in the Welcome to Macintosh box.
This procedure turns off all extensions.
If your computer starts up and runs normally, continue with this section. If it
doesn’t, turn to the next section, “Testing and Repairing Your Hard Disk.”
183
2
Turn off troublesome extensions using the Extensions Manager control panel.
For more information about Extensions Manager, see Macintosh Guide (or
Mac OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu.
Tips for locating problem extensions:
m If you recently installed a new item in the System Folder, it may be causing
the problem. If you recently installed a new application program, a new
extension may have been installed along with it. Check for new items in
the Extensions folder and Control Panels folder. Also check for items of the
kind “extension” or “control panel” in the System Folder itself.
m If two of your extensions provide similar features (such as two screen
savers or two clocks), they may be incompatible with each other. Remove
one of the extensions.
m If the computer is freezing or displaying an error message before it finishes
starting up, restart the computer and take note of the icons that appear at
the bottom of the screen. Many extensions display an icon as they start up,
and extensions start up alphabetically. The last extension that displays an
icon, or the one after it alphabetically, may be the problem extension.
3
Turn extensions back on, one extension at a time, in the Extensions Manager control
panel. Restart the computer after turning on each extension and test to see if the
problem reoccurs.
When you have located the problem extension, remove it from the System
Folder and contact the developer or vendor for compatibility information.
4
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Go to the next section if you are still having problems.
Testing and repairing your hard disk
If you see a message reporting that a disk is damaged or unreadable, you may
need to repair the disk.
Try these suggestions first
If you can’t start up from a hard disk or you don’t see the hard disk icon on the
desktop, try the following:
m If the hard disk is internal, shut down your Macintosh, wait at least
10 seconds, and then turn it on again.
m If the hard disk is external, shut down your Macintosh, make sure that the
hard disk is turned on, and that its cable is connected firmly; then restart
the Macintosh.
m If the hard disk is your startup disk, start up with a different startup disk.
(See “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc,” later in
this chapter.)
If, after you start up from a different disk, your hard disk’s icon appears on
your desktop, reinstall system software on the hard disk. See “Installing
System Software” later in this chapter.
m Check the ID numbers of all SCSI equipment (anything connected to
the SCSI port [g]) on your computer. For information on setting
SCSI ID numbers and terminating a SCSI chain, see both the manuals
that came with your SCSI equipment and Chapter 7, “Connecting
Additional Equipment.”
m If none of these suggestions solves the problem, test the disk by
following the instructions given in “Testing for Damage on Your Hard
Disk,” which follows.
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Testing for damage on your hard disk
You can test a hard disk for damage with the Drive Setup program, which is
on the system software CD-ROM disc that came with your computer.
1
Start up your computer from the system software CD-ROM disc that came with
your computer.
See “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” later in
this chapter.
2
Locate the Drive Setup icon and double-click it to open the Drive Setup program.
3
In the list of drives, click the disk you want to test.
4
From the Functions menu, choose Test Disk.
5
When a message tells you that the testing is complete, click Quit.
If the test reveals a problem, you may be able to correct it by using Disk First
Aid or another disk repair program (see the instructions in the next section)
or you may need to reinitialize the disk (see “Initializing a Hard Disk” later in
this chapter). Consult an Apple-authorized service provider for assistance if
necessary. If you had a hard disk from another manufacturer installed after
you bought your computer, use the software that came with the disk or contact
the disk vendor to get the latest version of software.
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Repairing a damaged disk
You can repair some types of disk damage by using the Disk First Aid
program, which is on the system software CD-ROM disc that came with
your computer.
1
Start up your computer from the system software CD-ROM disc that came with
your computer.
See “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” later in
this chapter.
2
Locate the Disk First Aid icon and double-click it to open the Disk First Aid program.
3
Click the icon of the disk you want to test.
Disk icons appear in a box at the top of the Disk First Aid window.
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4
Click Repair to begin testing and repairing the disk.
You can’t repair the startup disk or the disk that contains the Disk First Aid
program, but you can test these disks by clicking Verify. If the program
reveals a problem with either of these disks, start up the computer from
another disk so that you can repair the damaged disk.
If you want to test and repair another disk, click its icon and then
click Repair.
5
When testing and repair are done, choose Quit from the File menu.
If Disk First Aid cannot correct the problem
m Try repairing the disk again. Sometimes repeating the process corrects
the problem.
m Use another disk repair or recovery program. Some disk repair programs
let you recover information from a damaged disk.
m Consult an Apple-authorized service provider for help.
m If you can’t repair the disk, you’ll need to reinitialize it, which erases all
the information on it. Before you reinitialize, be sure you recover all the
information you can and back it up. Then erase (reinitialize) the disk. For
instructions on reinitializing a floppy disk, see Macintosh Guide (or Mac
OS Guide), available in the Guide (h) menu. For instructions on
reinitializing a hard disk, see the next section, “Initializing a Hard Disk.”
If reinitialization doesn’t work, discard the damaged disk (if it’s a floppy
disk) or take it to your Apple-authorized service provider for repair (if it’s a
hard disk). Bring your system software CD-ROM disc with you to the
service provider.
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Initializing a hard disk
The hard disk inside your computer was initialized (formatted for use) at the
factory, so you shouldn’t need to initialize it. You need to initialize a hard disk
only if one of the following is true:
m You purchase an uninitialized hard disk from another manufacturer.
m Your hard disk is damaged and can’t be repaired with Disk First Aid.
If a hard disk needs to be initialized, its icon does not appear on the desktop
when you start up the computer using another disk.
You initialize your internal hard disk using a program called Drive Setup,
which is on the system software CD-ROM disc that came with your computer.
WARNING Initializing a disk erases any information that may be on it.
Before you initialize a damaged disk, try to repair it as described in
“Repairing a Damaged Disk” earlier in this chapter.
1
Start up your computer from the system software CD-ROM disc that came with
your computer.
See “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” later in
this chapter.
2
Locate the Drive Setup icon and double-click it to open the Drive Setup program.
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3
In the list of drives, click the disk you want to initialize.
4
Click Initialize to initialize the hard disk.
5
Click Quit when you see a message reporting that initialization was successful.
If a message reports that initialization failed, try again. If initialization fails
a second time, take the disk to your Apple-authorized service provider
for repair.
Starting up from the system software CD-ROM disc
To test, repair, or initialize a hard disk, or to install or remove system software
on a hard disk, you need to start up your computer from another disk. You can
start up your computer using the system software CD-ROM disc.
The procedure for starting up from the CD-ROM disc varies depending on
the condition of the system software on your hard disk. To find out which
procedure to use, you must turn on your Macintosh.
The steps that follow tell how to start up from a CD-ROM disc, depending on
what you see on your screen.
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If you see a blinking question mark on your screen
The blinking question mark means that your Macintosh is unable to find
usable system software on your hard disk.
1
Press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the CD-ROM tray.
2
Place the CD-ROM disc in the tray with the disc label facing up.
3
To close the tray, push the tray in or press the Open/Close button.
Your Macintosh recognizes the CD-ROM disc as a startup disk, and in a few
seconds the Macintosh desktop appears.
If you see the Macintosh desktop
1
Press the Open/Close button of your CD-ROM drive to open the CD-ROM tray.
2
Place the CD-ROM disc in the tray with the disc label facing up.
3
To close the tray, push the tray in or press the Open/Close button.
4
Hold down the C key on your keyboard while you choose Restart from the Special menu.
Continue to hold down the C key until you see the “Welcome to
Macintosh” message.
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Installing system software
Your Macintosh came with all the necessary system software installed on its
internal hard disk, so you don’t need to install system software on that disk
unless you encounter software problems.
When should you install system software?
m You have a new hard disk or a newly initialized hard disk that does not yet
contain system software. Follow the instructions in “Performing a Normal
or Easy Installation of System Software” later in this section.
m You want to upgrade to a more recent version of system software. Follow
the instructions that came with your system software upgrade, or the ones
in “Performing a Normal or Easy Installation of System Software” later in
this section.
IMPORTANT If you’re having a problem with your system software, you may
not need to reinstall system software. If you see an icon like this in the
middle of the screen, follow the instructions in “Testing and Repairing Your
Hard Disk” earlier in this chapter to test your startup hard disk and repair
any damage.
If repairing the disk doesn’t help, follow the instructions that follow to
reinstall system software on your startup hard disk.
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Performing a normal or easy installation of system software
Follow the steps in this section to do what is commonly called a “normal” or
easy installation of system software.
If you’re installing system software on a hard disk for the first time, make sure
that your hard disk has been initialized, a process that prepares the disk to
store information. If you see the hard disk’s icon on the desktop when you
start up the computer, the disk has been initialized. If no disk icon appears
when you start up, see the section “Initializing a Hard Disk” earlier in this
chapter for instructions.
To perform a normal installation, follow these steps:
1
Start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system software.
Do this by inserting the CD-ROM disc into the CD-ROM drive and
holding down the C key while you restart the computer. For detailed
steps, see “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” earlier
in this chapter.
2
Find and open the Disk First Aid icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid.
After Disk First Aid starts, follow the instructions on the screen to verify
your disk. Disk First Aid checks your hard disk for any problems.
3
When the verification process stops, check the results in the Disk First Aid window.
If the results indicate that your hard disk appears to be OK, choose Quit from
the File menu. If Disk First Aid finds a problem, see “Repairing a Damaged
Disk” in the section “Testing and Repairing Your Hard Disk,” earlier in
this chapter.
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4
Find and open the Drive Setup icon.
You use the Drive Setup program to update your hard disk. You may need to
look in a folder called Utilities to find Drive Setup.
5
In the list of drives, click your startup disk.
6
Choose Update Driver from the Functions menu.
7
When the update process is finished, quit Drive Setup.
8
Shut down your computer.
9
Start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system software.
Do this by inserting the CD-ROM disc into the CD-ROM drive and
holding down the C key while you restart the computer. For detailed steps,
see “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” earlier in
this chapter.
10
Find and open the Install System Software icon.
The Installer’s “welcome” screen appears.
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11
Click Continue.
The Easy Install dialog box appears.
12
Make sure that the hard disk named in the Destination Disk box is the one on which you
want to install system software.
If it isn’t, click Switch Disk until the correct disk name appears.
13
Click Install.
14
Follow the onscreen instructions.
15
When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Restart.
If your computer does not start up properly, see “If the Installation was not
Successful,” next.
16
If necessary, install or reinstall other software that may be missing from your
startup disk.
If you erased your hard disk prior to installing system software, certain system
extensions or application programs that were originally on your hard disk may
need to be reinstalled. Some additional extensions and programs are on the
CD-ROM disc that contains system software. System extensions or application
programs from other vendors can be reinstalled from their installation disks.
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If the installation was not successful
If a message reports that installation was not successful, try installing again.
(Follow the instructions on the screen.)
If, after reinstalling system software by doing a normal installation, you still
experience problems with your computer, follow the steps in the next section
for performing a “clean” installation of system software.
Performing a clean installation of system software
This section outlines what is commonly called a “clean” installation of system
software. A clean installation allows you to discover which item in your
System Folder is causing a problem. A clean installation creates a brand new
System Folder and saves everything in your original System Folder in a
different location. You can then follow the instructions in “Replacing Your
Special Software” later in this section to reinstall system extensions, control
panels, and other special software one at a time from the old System Folder to
the new System Folder. This procedure allows you to determine which item
in the old System Folder was the source of the problem.
Perform a clean installation if you can’t determine what is damaged in your
System Folder (especially if you think any special software, such as control
panels, system extensions, or custom utilities, may be causing the problems
you’re experiencing). You should also perform a clean installation if you’re
still having problems with your computer after you’ve reinstalled system
software by performing a normal installation.
To perform a clean installation, follow these steps:
1
Start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system software.
Do this by inserting the CD-ROM disc into the CD-ROM drive and
holding down the C key while you restart the computer. For detailed
steps, see “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” earlier
in this chapter.
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2
Find and open the Disk First Aid icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid.
After Disk First Aid starts, follow the instructions on the screen to verify
your disk. Disk First Aid checks your hard disk for any problems.
3
When the verification process stops, check the results in the Disk First Aid window.
If the results indicate that your hard disk appears to be OK, choose Quit from
the File menu. If Disk First Aid finds a problem, see “Repairing a Damaged
Disk” earlier in this chapter.
4
Find and open the Drive Setup icon.
You use the Drive Setup program to update your hard disk. You may need to
look in a folder called Utilities to find Drive Setup.
5
In the list of drives, click your startup disk.
6
Choose Update Driver from the Functions menu.
7
When the update process is finished, quit Drive Setup.
8
Shut down your computer.
9
Start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system software.
Do this by inserting the CD-ROM disc into the CD-ROM drive and
holding down the C key while you restart the computer. For detailed
steps, see “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” earlier
in this chapter.
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10
Find and open the Install System Software icon.
The Installer’s “welcome” screen appears.
11
Click Continue.
The Easy Install dialog box appears.
12
Make sure that the hard disk named in the Destination Disk box is the one on which you
want to install system software.
If it isn’t, click Switch Disk until the correct disk name appears.
13
Press Shift–x–K.
The following dialog box appears.
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14
Click the Install New System Folder button and click OK.
The Easy Install dialog box appears. The Install button has changed to Clean
Install, and the contents of your old System Folder have been moved to a new
folder named Previous System Folder.
15
Click Clean Install, and follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
It takes a few minutes to complete the installation.
16
When the installation is complete you see a message reporting that the installation
was successful.
If a Restart button appears, click it to restart your computer, and remove the
system software CD-ROM disc from the CD-ROM drive.
If a message reports that installation was not successful, try repeating the
clean installation procedure.
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Replacing your special software
Special software consists of items such as control panels, system extensions,
custom utilities, fonts, or Apple Menu Items that you may have added to your
old System Folder. To make sure that special software does not create any
conflicts with other programs on your computer, follow this procedure to
safely add back these items in your new System Folder:
1
Copy any special software items from the Previous System Folder back to your System
Folder one item at a time, restarting the computer after copying each item.
IMPORTANT Be very careful not to replace (copy over) any of the files in the
System Folder with files from the Previous System Folder.
2
Check after each restart to make sure your computer is not having any software problems.
If any of your special software items cause software problems, contact the
software manufacturer for assistance or an upgrade.
If you erased your hard disk prior to installing system software, certain system
extensions or application programs that were originally on your hard disk may
need to be reinstalled. Some additional extensions and programs are on the
CD-ROM disc that contains system software. System extensions or application
programs from other vendors can be reinstalled from their installation disks.
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Performing a custom installation
For most Macintosh users, the Easy Install procedure described in the
previous sections is appropriate because it automatically installs all the items
you need. However, if you’d like to select a combination of system software
files for your specific needs, you can customize your system software
installation. You use custom installation to install or update one or more
specific files, or to save space on your hard disk by installing only the files
you want.
To install customized system software, follow these steps:
1
Start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system software.
Do this by inserting the CD-ROM disc into the CD-ROM drive and
holding down the C key while you restart the computer. For detailed
steps, see “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” earlier
in this chapter.
2
Find and open the Disk First Aid icon.
You may need to look in a folder called Utilities to find Disk First Aid.
After Disk First Aid starts, follow the instructions on the screen to verify
your disk. Disk First Aid checks your hard disk for any problems.
3
When the verification process stops, check the results in the Disk First Aid window.
If the results indicate that your hard disk appears to be OK, choose Quit from
the File menu. If Disk First Aid finds a problem, see “Repairing a Damaged
Disk” earlier in this chapter.
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4
Find and open the Drive Setup icon.
You use the Drive Setup program to update your hard disk. You may need to
look in a folder called Utilities to find Drive Setup.
5
In the list of drives, click your startup disk.
6
Choose Update Driver from the Functions menu.
7
When the update process is finished, quit Drive Setup.
8
Shut down your computer.
9
Start up your computer from the CD-ROM disc that contains system software.
Do this by inserting the CD-ROM disc into the CD-ROM drive and
holding down the C key while you restart the computer. For detailed steps,
see “Starting Up From the System Software CD-ROM Disc” earlier in
this chapter.
10
Find and open the Install System Software icon.
The Installer’s “welcome” screen appears.
11
Click Continue.
The Easy Install dialog box appears.
12
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Choose Custom Install from the pop-up menu.
The Custom Install dialog box appears, listing all available system
software components.
13
Make sure that the hard disk named in the Destination Disk box is the one on which you
want to install system software.
If it isn’t, click Switch Disk until the correct disk name appears.
14
Scroll through the list of components, clicking the checkbox next to each component
you want to install.
To get additional information about each component listed, click the box with
the letter i in it to the right of the component.
15
Click Install.
16
Follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
17
When you see a message reporting that the installation was successful, click Quit.
If a message reports that installation was not successful, try installing again.
(Follow the instructions on the screen.)
18
Restart your Macintosh.
The system software is installed and your computer is ready to use. Don’t
forget to eject the CD-ROM disc containing system software when you
are finished.
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Rebuilding your desktop
A procedure known as “rebuilding the desktop” helps your Macintosh to keep
accurate track of data on your startup disks. Even though rebuilding the
desktop does not usually fix problems once they occur, it does prevent some
types of problems. Therefore, it’s a good idea to rebuild your desktop once a
month or so.
Before you rebuild the desktop, you’ll need to turn off some extensions,
which may interfere with the desktop rebuilding process. You’ll turn them
back on later.
To rebuild the desktop, follow these steps:
1
Open the Extensions Manager control panel by choosing Extensions Manager from the
Control Panels submenu of the Apple (K) menu.
2
From the Sets pop-up menu, choose Save Set.
3
In the Save Set dialog box, type a name for your currently selected extensions (for
example, “My Extensions”) and click OK. The name of your set is added to the Sets
pop-up menu.
This saves your current set of extensions.
4
Choose All Off from the Sets pop-up menu to turn off all extensions.
5
Turn on Macintosh Easy Open by clicking it in the list so that a checkmark appears
beside it.
You can find Macintosh Easy Open by scrolling down the list of extensions.
Macintosh Easy Open appears under the heading “Control Panels.”
6
Restart your computer while holding down the Command (x) and Option keys.
Hold down the x and Option keys until you see the dialog box that asks if
you’re sure you want to rebuild your desktop file. When the dialog box
appears, you can release the keys.
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7
Click OK.
The computer rebuilds the desktop. This can take several minutes.
IMPORTANT Do not stop the desktop-rebuilding process. Doing so could
damage your system files.
8
Open the Extensions Manager control panel by choosing Control Panels from the
Apple (K) menu. When the Control Panels window appears, double-click the Extensions
Manager icon.
9
From the Sets pop-up menu, choose the name you gave your set of extensions in step 3.
This turns your original set of extensions back on.
10
Restart your computer to activate the extensions.
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Appendixes
Appendix A
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
Appendix B
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
Appendix C
Using the Internal Zip Drive
V
part
Read this appendix for important
health and safety instructions,
as well as tips on keeping your
computer in good working order.
Appendix A
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
For your own safety and that of your equipment, follow all the instructions in
this chapter. Keep these instructions available for reference by you and others.
Health-related information about computer use
Muscle soreness, eye fatigue, and other discomforts and injuries sometimes
associated with using computers can occur from performing any number of
activities. In fact, misuse of the same muscles during multiple activities can
create a problem that might not otherwise exist. For example, if you engage in
nonwork activities that involve repetitive stress on the wrist—such as
bicycling—and also use your computer’s keyboard improperly, you may
increase your likelihood of developing wrist problems. Some individuals are
at greater risk of developing these problems because of their health,
physiology, lifestyle, and general exposure to stress. Work organization and
conditions, such as workstation setup and lighting, also play a part in your
overall health and comfort. Preventing health problems is a multifaceted task
that requires careful attention to the way you use your body every hour of
every day.
The most common health effects associated with using a computer are
musculoskeletal discomfort and eye fatigue. We’ll discuss each area of
concern.
209
Musculoskeletal discomfort
As with any activity that involves sitting for long periods of time, using a
computer can make your muscles sore and stiff. To minimize these effects, set
up your work environment carefully, using the guidelines that follow, and take
frequent breaks to rest tired muscles. To make working with your computer
more comfortable, allow enough space in your work area so that you can
change position frequently and maintain a relaxed posture.
Another type of musculoskeletal concern is repetitive stress injuries (RSIs),
also known as cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs). These problems can
occur when a certain muscle or tendon is repeatedly overused and forced into
an unnatural position. The exact causes of RSIs are not totally understood, but
in addition to awkward posture, such factors as the amount of repetition, the
force used in the activity, the individual’s physiology, workplace stress level,
and lifestyle may affect the likelihood of experiencing an RSI.
RSIs did not suddenly arise when computers were invented; tennis elbow and
writer’s cramp, for example, are two RSIs that have been with us for a long
time. Although less common than other RSIs, one serious RSI discussed more
often today is a wrist problem called carpal tunnel syndrome, which may be
aggravated by improper use of computer keyboards. This nerve disorder
results from excessive pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the
wrist to the hand.
This section offers advice on setting up your work area to enhance your
comfort while you use your computer. Since the effects of repetitive
movements associated with using a computer can be compounded by those of
other work and leisure activities to produce or aggravate physical problems,
proper use of your computer system must be considered as just one element
of a healthy lifestyle.
No one, of course, can guarantee that you won’t have problems even when you
follow the most expert advice on using computer equipment. You should
always check with a qualified health specialist if muscle, joint, or eye
problems occur.
210
Appendix A
Eye fatigue
Eye fatigue can occur whenever the eyes are focused on a nearby object for a
long time. This problem occurs because the eye muscles must work harder to
view an object that’s closer than about 20 feet (about 6 meters). Improper
lighting can hasten the development of eye fatigue. Although eye fatigue is
annoying, there’s no evidence that it leads to permanent damage.
Whenever you’re engaged in an activity that involves close-up work—such as
reading a magazine, doing craft work, or using a computer—be sure to have
sufficient glare-free lighting and give your eyes frequent rest breaks by
looking up and focusing on distant objects. Remember to have your eyes
examined regularly.
To prevent discomfort and eye fatigue:
m Arrange your work space so that the furniture is properly adjusted for you
and doesn’t contribute to an awkward working posture.
m Take frequent short breaks to give your muscles and eyes a chance to rest.
Arranging your office
Here are some guidelines for adjusting the furniture in your office to
accommodate your physical size and shape.
m An adjustable chair that provides firm, comfortable support is best. Adjust
the height of the chair so your thighs are horizontal and your feet flat on
the floor.
The back of the chair should support your lower back (lumbar region).
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the backrest to fit your
body properly.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
211
m When you use the computer keyboard, your shoulders should be relaxed.
Your upper arm and forearm should form an approximate right angle, with
your wrist and hand in roughly a straight line.
You may have to raise your chair so your forearms and hands are at the
proper angle to the keyboard. If this makes it impossible to rest your feet
flat on the floor, you can use a footrest with adjustable height and tilt to
make up for any gap between the floor and your feet. Or you may lower
the desktop to eliminate the need for a footrest. Another option is to use a
desk with a keyboard tray that’s lower than the regular work surface.
m Position the mouse at the same height as your keyboard. Allow adequate
space to use the mouse comfortably.
m Arrange the monitor so the top of the screen is slightly below your eye
level when you’re sitting at the keyboard. The best distance from your eyes
to the screen is up to you, although most people seem to prefer 18 to
28 inches (45 to 70 cm).
m Position the monitor to minimize glare and reflections on the screen from
overhead lights and windows. You may want to use a tiltable monitor
stand. The stand lets you set the monitor at the best angle for viewing,
helping to reduce or eliminate glare from lighting sources you can’t move.
45–70 cm (18–28 in.)
Shoulders relaxed
Forearms and hands
in a straight line
Forearms level
or tilted up slightly
Lower back supported
Top of the screen at or slightly
below eye level (You may need
to adjust the height of your
monitor by placing something
under it or by raising your
work surface.)
Screen positioned to avoid
reflected glare
Clearance under work surface
Thighs horizontal
Feet flat on the floor
212
Appendix A
Avoiding fatigue
m Change your seated position, stand up, or stretch whenever you start to feel
tired. Frequent short breaks are helpful in reducing fatigue.
m Use a light touch when typing or using a mouse and keep your hands and
fingers relaxed.
m Some computer users may develop discomfort in their hands, wrists, or
arms after intensive work without breaks. If you begin to develop chronic
pain or discomfort in your hands, wrists, or arms, consult a qualified
health specialist.
m Allow adequate work space so that you can use your keyboard and mouse
comfortably. Place papers or other items so you can view them easily while
using your computer. A document stand may make reading papers more
comfortable.
m Eye muscles must work harder to focus on nearby objects. Occasionally
focus your eyes on a distant object, and blink often while you work.
m Clean your screen regularly. Keeping the screen clean helps reduce
unwanted reflections.
What about electromagnetic emissions?
There has been recent public discussion of the possible health effects of
prolonged exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) and very low
frequency (VLF) electromagnetic fields. Such fields are associated with
electromagnetic sources such as television sets, electrical wiring, and some
household appliances—as well as computer monitors.
Apple has reviewed scientific reports and sought the counsel of government
regulatory agencies and respected health organizations. Based on the
prevailing evidence and opinions, Apple believes that the electric and
magnetic fields produced by computer monitors do not pose a health risk.
In response to those customers who wish to reduce their exposure to
electromagnetic fields, Apple has lowered the emission levels of our products.
We are also actively encouraging further scientific research so we can
continue to promote the health and safety of our customers and employees.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
213
Safety instructions
For your own safety and that of your equipment, always take the following
precautions.
Turn off the computer completely and disconnect the power plug (by pulling
the plug, not the cord) if any of the following conditions exists:
m the power cord or plug becomes frayed or otherwise damaged
m you spill something into the case
m your Macintosh is exposed to rain or any other excess moisture
m your Macintosh has been dropped or the case has been otherwise damaged
m you suspect that your Macintosh needs service or repair
m you want to clean the case (use only the recommended procedure
described later in this chapter)
Be sure that you always do the following:
m Read all the installation instructions carefully before you plug your
Macintosh into a wall socket.
m Keep these instructions handy for reference by you and others.
m Follow all instructions and warnings dealing with your system.
m Keep your Macintosh away from sources of liquids, such as washbasins,
bathtubs, shower stalls, and so on.
m Protect your Macintosh from dampness or wet weather, such as rain, snow,
and so on.
WARNING Electrical equipment may be hazardous if misused. Operation
of this product, or similar products, must always be supervised by an
adult. Do not allow children access to the interior of any electrical
product and do not permit them to handle any cables.
214
Appendix A
Handling your computer equipment
Follow these guidelines for handling your computer and its components:
m When setting up your computer, place components on a sturdy, flat surface,
and carefully follow all setup instructions.
m When connecting or disconnecting a cable, always hold the cable by its
connector (the plug, not the cord).
m Turn off your computer and all its components before connecting or
disconnecting any cables to add or remove any component. Failure to do so
could seriously damage your equipment.
m Never force a connector into a port. If the connector and port do not join
with reasonable ease, they probably don’t match. Make sure that the
connector matches the port and that you have positioned the connector
correctly in relation to the port.
m Take care not to spill any food or liquid on the computer, keyboard, mouse,
or other components. If you do, turn your computer off immediately and
unplug it before cleaning up the spill. Depending on what you spilled and
how much of it got into your equipment, you may have to bring your
equipment to an Apple-authorized service provider.
m Protect the computer and its components from direct sunlight and rain or
other moisture.
m Keep all ventilation openings clear and unobstructed. Without proper air
circulation, components can overheat, causing damage or unreliable
operation.
WARNING This equipment is intended to be electrically grounded. Your
Macintosh is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug—a plug that
has a third (grounding) pin. This plug will fit only a grounded AC outlet.
This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into the
outlet, contact a licensed electrician to replace the outlet with a properly
grounded outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the grounding plug!
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
215
Handling the monitor
Follow these procedures for handling a monitor:
m Make sure that the ventilation openings on the computer and the monitor
are clear and unobstructed.
m If your computer is a desktop model, some large monitors cannot safely be
placed on top of it. See Chapter 1, “Setting Up Your Computer,” for
information about the maximum monitor weight your computer can
support.
m If there is interference on the monitor’s screen or on a television or radio
near your computer, move the affected equipment farther away.
Handling the keyboard
Take care not to spill any liquid on the keyboard. If you do, turn off your
computer immediately.
m If you spill liquid that is thin and clear, unplug the keyboard, turn it upside
down to let the liquid drain out, and let it dry for 24 hours at room
temperature. If, after you take these steps, the keyboard doesn’t work, take
it to an Apple-authorized service provider for repair.
m If you spill liquid that is greasy, sweet, or sticky, unplug the keyboard and
take it to an Apple-authorized service provider for repair.
216
Appendix A
Handling floppy disks
Follow these procedures for handling floppy disks.
Store disks at
temperatures
between 50° F
and 125° F.
Do not use a
pencil or an
eraser on a disk
or disk label.
Keep disks dry.
125° F (52° C)
50° F (10° C)
Do not touch the
exposed part of the
disk behind the
metal shutter.
Keep disks away
from magnets.
Avoid exposing
disks to extremely
hot temperatures.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
217
Handling CD-ROM discs
Keep these important safety instructions in mind as you use CD-ROM discs:
m Hold a disc by the edges or by one edge and the center hole. Do not touch
the disc surface.
m To clean discs, wipe the shiny surface with a soft damp cloth, working in
straight lines from center to edge. Do not use any form of cleaning agent.
m To avoid damage to your discs, keep these points in mind:
Do not expose discs
to direct sunlight.
Do not write on
discs.
Do not spill liquids
on discs.
Do not put tape
on discs.
Do not scratch
discs.
Do not get
dust on discs.
Other important safety instructions to keep in mind as you use your
CD-ROM drive.
m Position your computer so that when the tray opens, it doesn’t bump
into anything.
m Do not leave the disc tray open. If dust gets on the lens of the CD-ROM
drive, the drive may have problems reading your compact discs.
m Do not put anything (for instance, a cup) on top of the tray when it is open.
m Do not force the tray open by hand.
m Do not wipe the lens with a paper towel or other abrasive surface. If you
need to clean the lens, see an Apple-authorized service provider for a lens
cleaner.
218
Appendix A
m Never transport your computer with a disc inside the CD-ROM drive.
m Keep your computer equipment away from any source of liquid (such as
washbasins, bathtubs, and shower stalls). If you drink coffee or other
beverages while you’re at your computer, take care not to spill.
m Avoid exposing your equipment to damp or wet weather. If your system is
near a window, be sure the window is closed in rainy weather.
The tray on your CD-ROM drive automatically closes when you shut down
your computer. You should remove any CD-ROM disc in the CD-ROM drive
before shutting down. To eject a CD-ROM disc, select the CD-ROM disc icon
and choose Put Away from the File menu. (You can also drag the CD-ROM
disc’s icon to the trash.)
Ejecting a floppy disk
To eject a floppy disk, select the disk icon and choose Put Away from the File
menu. (You can also drag the disk’s icon to the trash.)
If you can’t eject a floppy disk
If you can’t eject a floppy disk in the usual way, try the following in order:
m Hold down the x and Shift keys and press the number 1 key at the upper
left of your keyboard to eject a disk in the internal disk drive.
m Turn off the computer. If the disk isn’t ejected, then hold down the button
on your mouse or other pointing device while you turn the computer on
again.
m Locate the small hole near the disk drive’s opening, and carefully insert the
end of a large straightened paper clip into it. Push gently until the disk is
ejected. Do not use excessive force.
Emergency ejection hole
If nothing works, take the computer or disk drive to your Apple-authorized
service provider to have the disk removed.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
219
Power supply
The power supply in your computer is a high-voltage component and should
not be opened for any reason, even when the computer is off. If the power
supply needs service, contact your Apple-authorized dealer or service
provider.
Cleaning your equipment
Follow these general rules when cleaning the outside of your computer and
its components:
m Use a damp, soft, lint-free cloth to clean the computer’s exterior. Avoid
getting moisture in any openings.
m Don’t use aerosol sprays, solvents, or abrasives.
Cleaning the computer case
To clean the case, do the following:
1
Turn off the computer completely and then disconnect the power plug. (Pull the plug, not
the cord.)
2
Wipe the surfaces lightly with a clean, soft cloth dampened with water.
Cleaning the monitor
To clean the screen, put household glass cleaner on a soft cloth and wipe the
screen. Don’t spray the cleaner directly on the screen, because the liquid
might drip into the monitor or computer.
220
Appendix A
Cleaning the mouse
The mouse contains a small ball that must roll smoothly for the mouse to
work properly. You can keep this ball free of dirt and grease by using the
mouse on a clean, lint-free surface and cleaning it occasionally.
You need a few cotton swabs and a clean, soft, lint-free cloth.
1
Turn off your computer.
2
Turn the mouse upside-down and turn the plastic ring on the bottom counterclockwise
to disengage it.
On some mouse devices, you may need to press the plastic ring (rather than
turn it) to disengage it.
If the mouse is locked, see the next section, “Locking and Unlocking the
Mouse,” for instructions on how to unlock it.
3
Turn the mouse right-side up with one hand and catch the ring and the ball with your
other hand.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
221
4
Clean the three small rollers inside the mouse with a cotton swab moistened with water.
Rotate the rollers to clean all around them.
5
Wipe the mouse ball with a clean, soft, dry, and lint-free cloth.
6
If necessary, wash the mouse ball with warm soapy water (use a mild soap such as a
dishwashing liquid) and then dry the mouse ball thoroughly.
7
Gently blow into the mouse case to remove any dust that has collected there.
8
Put the ball and the ring back in place.
Your mouse should roll smoothly across your mouse pad or desk. If it doesn’t,
repeat these instructions carefully.
222
Appendix A
Locking and unlocking the mouse
Some mouse devices can be locked so that the ball can’t be removed.
A locking mouse has a small hole on the plastic ring.
To lock the mouse, follow these steps:
1
Insert a straightened paper clip into the hole on the plastic ring.
Insert a straightened paper clip into this hole.
(The hole may be located here on your mouse.)
2
Press down on the paper clip while you turn the ring clockwise.
Turn the ring a very short distance, until it stops. When the recessed area on
the ring is not lined up with the recessed area surrounding the ring, the mouse
is locked.
Recessed area on ring
Recessed area surrounding ring
The mouse ring is locked when the recessed area on the ring
does not line up with the recessed area surrounding the ring.
Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
223
To unlock the mouse, follow these steps:
1
Insert a straightened paper clip into the hole on the plastic ring.
Insert a straightened paper clip into this hole.
(The hole may be located here on your mouse.)
2
Press down on the paper clip while you turn the ring counterclockwise.
Turn the ring a very short distance. When the recessed area on the ring is
lined up with the recessed area surrounding the ring, the mouse is unlocked.
Recessed area on ring
Recessed area surrounding ring
The mouse ring is unlocked when the recessed area on the
ring lines up with the recessed area surrounding the ring.
224
Appendix A
Read this appendix to learn
how to use the special
keys on your keyboard.
Appendix B
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
Your computer keyboard contains certain special keys that typewriter
keyboards don’t have. Many of these keys allow you to give commands to the
computer without using the mouse. For example, in many application
programs, pressing the x (Command) key at the same time as the Q key lets
you quit a program.
The following table describes what you can do with the special keys on your
keyboard. The special keys on your keyboard depend on the model of
keyboard you have; some keyboards do not have all the keys listed.
Special keys on Apple keyboards
Arrow keys
Caps Lock key
Clear key
x (Command) key
Use to move the insertion point, as an alternative to using the
pointer. In some programs, the arrow keys have other functions.
Use to capitalize a series of letters (numbers and symbols
aren’t affected).
caps
lock
num
lock
clear
Use to delete the current selection (or use the Delete key).
In some programs, Clear has other functions.
Use in combination with other keys as an alternative to
choosing a menu command.
continued .
225
Special keys on Apple keyboards (continued)
Control key
control
Delete key
Use to delete selected material, or the character to the left of the
insertion point.
delete
Enter key
enter
Escape key
esc
Function keys
F1
Option key
Numeric keys
alt
option
num
lock
=
/
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
clear
*
Use in combination with other keys to produce special
characters or modify actions.
Use to produce numbers and mathematical symbols; some
programs use these keys as function keys to initiate actions.
Use to move the insertion point to the beginning of the next line.
In a dialog box, pressing Return is the same as clicking the
outlined button.
return
Shift key
Use to produce capital letters (or the upper character
on the key).
shift
Tab key
Appendix B
Some programs allow you to use the 12 function keys to give
commands. You can assign commands or action sequences to
function keys with special utility programs.
On some models, press to turn on the computer. Also press to
shut down the computer on certain models.
Return key
226
The function of this key depends on the program you’re using.
enter
Power key
Other special
keys
In a dialog box, pressing Enter is the same as clicking the
outlined button. In some programs, pressing this key confirms
information you have provided.
3
.
0
In combination with other keys, this key provides shortcuts or
modifies other actions.
Use to move the insertion point to the next stopping place
(such as a tab stop or field in a dialog box or program).
tab
ins
help
home
page
up
end
page
down
del
The function of these keys depends on the operating system
and program you’re using.
Typing special characters and symbols
You can type a variety of international and other special symbols and
characters (including characters with diacritical marks, such as accents)
by pressing combinations of keys.
The Key Caps program, which is installed with your system software, shows
you the characters produced when you type certain keys and key
combinations in the fonts available on your computer. Choose Key Caps from
the Apple (K) menu, then choose the font from the Key Caps menu.
Characters appear
here when you press
keys on the keyboard
or click them in
the window.
Characters available
in the Chicago font
To have Key Caps show more options for special characters, press each of
these keys or key combinations: Option, Shift, Shift-Option, Shift-x, and
Option-x.
Characters available
in the Chicago font
when the Option key
is pressed
The highlighted key represents the
key held down on the keyboard—
in this case, the Option key.
If you press the Option key, Key Caps outlines lightly the keys that you can
use in combination with letter keys to type letters with accents or other
diacritical marks.
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
227
Note: If you see rectangles instead of diacritical marks on some of the
pictures of keys in Key Caps, try pressing Option-x to see the diacritical
marks. However, use the Option key (not Option-x) in combination with the
other keys to type letters with diacritical marks.
If you press the Option key at the same time as a key for a specific
diacritical mark and then release both keys, Key Caps outlines in bold the
keys for letters that can be typed with that mark. (You’ll see that most key
combinations for diacritical marks can be used with the Space bar as well as
letter keys—producing the mark without a letter.)
The most common diacritical marks and how to create them are
summarized next.
Diacritical mark
Key combination
Grave accent ( ` )
Option–`, then type the character
Acute accent ( ´ )
Option–e, then type the character
Circumflex (^)
Option–i, then type the character
Tilde (~)
Option–n, then type the character
Umlaut ( ¨ )
Option–u, then type the character
The letter “c” with a cedilla (ç)
Option–c
m To type a letter or a space with a specific diacritical mark, press the Option key and
the key for the mark simultaneously. Then type the letter that needs the mark.
If you are having trouble getting a mark and letter to appear together, try
again. Be sure to press the Option key before (or at the same time as) the key
for the mark; then, after you release both keys, type the letter to be marked.
228
Appendix B
Special key combinations
If difficulties with your mouse or computer don’t allow you to use standard
methods of quitting a program or restarting your computer, you can try using
these special key combinations.
To do this …
… press this key combination
Force a program to quit
x-Option-Esc
Force the computer to restart
x-Control–Power key
Here are other key combinations you may find useful to use while starting up
your computer.
To do the following at startup…
… press this key combination
Start the computer from a CD-ROM disc
C key
Bypass the internal hard disk and start the
computer from a System Folder on another drive
x-Option-Shift-Delete
Turn off system extensions
Shift key
Start the Extensions Manager
Space bar
Special Keys on Your Keyboard
229
Read this appendix for information
about the internal Zip drive
that came with your computer.
Appendix C
Using the Internal Zip Drive
The optional internal Zip drive accepts Zip disks, each of which can hold 100
megabytes (MB) of information. Your computer came with one Zip disk; you
can purchase additional disks at your Apple-authorized dealer.
With a Zip drive and Zip disks, you can do the following:
m Extend your hard disk Zip disks give you increased storage and easy access to
information. They are good for storage-hungry image, sound, and video
files that otherwise would take up space on your hard disk.
m Move information Zip disks offer complete mobility and can be moved and
used anywhere you have another Zip drive.
m Back up your hard disk Zip disks provide a convenient way to back up your
hard disk and archive important records.
m Secure sensitive files To keep sensitive or confidential information safe, you
can store it on a Zip disk and use the Tools application to assign a password
that must be used in order to read from or write to the disk.
This chapter contains basic information about working with Zip disks in the
internal Zip drive. Additional information is also available online in the
Iomega Tools folder on the CD-ROM disc that came with your computer.
231
Inserting a Zip disk
Follow these instructions to insert a Zip disk into the Zip drive.
1
Turn on your Macintosh.
2
Gently insert the disk into the drive.
Insert the Zip disk, metal end first,
into the Zip drive of your computer.
The Zip disk is properly seated in the drive when
the end of the disk is flush with the drive opening.
In a moment, an icon for the Zip disk appears on your screen. You can store
and copy files to and from the Zip drive using the same methods you use for
other drives on your system.
IMPORTANT Never force a Zip disk into or out of the drive, or use either
ordinary 3.5-inch disks or floppy head-cleaning disks in your Zip drive. They
will damage it.
If the icon for the Zip disk does not appear on your screen, refer to the
troubleshooting information in the online manuals and online help located in
the Iomega Tools folder on the CD-ROM disc that came with your computer.
(You may need to reinstall the Iomega Driver.)
232
Appendix C
Ejecting a Zip disk
You eject a Zip disk the same way you eject a floppy disk.
1
On the desktop, click the Zip disk icon to select it.
2
Choose Put Away from the File menu.
The disk ejects from the drive.
3
Store the Zip disk in its protective case.
Note: You can also eject a Zip disk by dragging its icon to the Trash.
Problems ejecting a Zip disk?
If you cannot eject a Zip disk as described above, try the following:
m If your system appears to be frozen, restart by pressing the power button
on the front of the computer.
m To eject a Zip disk manually during a power failure, insert the end of a
large straightened paper clip into the small hole near the disk drive’s
opening. Push gently until the disk is ejected. Do not use excessive force.
Emergency ejection hole
IMPORTANT Do not use this manual disk-ejection procedure while the
computer is turned on.
Using the Internal Zip Drive
233
Using the Tools application
The Tools application is located in the Iomega Tools folder on the CD-ROM
disc that came with your computer. You can use it to erase Zip disks, set
read/write protection options for Zip disks, and set other options.
The read/write protection features in the Tools application let you do the
following:
m Write-protect a Zip disk to prevent anyone from overwriting critical data.
When a disk is write-protected, no one can write files to the disk.
m Write-protect a Zip disk and assign a password that must be used to remove
the write protect.
m Read-protect a Zip disk so that it cannot be read from, or written to, unless
the user enters the password you assign. (Use this option when you want to
protect sensitive information.)
For complete information about the Tools application, refer to the online help
and online manuals in the Iomega Tools folder.
IMPORTANT Do not forget your password, particularly for a read-protected
disk. If you forget a password for a read-protected disk, the data on the disk
cannot be recovered, even by Apple or Iomega.
234
Appendix C
Handling Zip disks
Store disks at
temperatures
between -8° F
and 122° F.
Do not use a
pencil or an
eraser on a disk
or disk label.
Keep disks dry.
122° F (50° C)
-8° F (-22° C)
Do not touch the
exposed part of the
disk behind the
metal shutter.
Keep disks away
from magnets.
Avoid exposing
disks to extremely
hot temperatures.
Using the Internal Zip Drive
235
Can’t Find It? See also Macintosh Guide’s
onscreen index. Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose Macintosh Guide;
then click the Index button.
Index
A
x (Command)-Control-Power keys, to
restart the computer 139, 229
x (Command) key 225
x (Command)-Option-Esc keys, to force
a program to quit 151, 174, 229
x (Command)-Option-keys, to rebuild
the desktop 204
x (Command)-Option-R-P keys, to reset
PRAM and NVRAM 145
x (Command)-period keys, to cancel the
current operation 139, 154
x (Command)-Shift-1 keys, to eject a
floppy disk 168, 219
x (Command)-Shift-Delete keys, to start
up from another drive 229
AAUI Ethernet port 53, 55, 56–57,
74–75
About This Macintosh (Apple
menu) 152
accent marks, typing 227–228
access covers for expansion slots 74–75,
113–114
access privileges for shared items
180, 182
active program, identifying 34
acute accent (´), typing 228
adapters
Apple Ethernet AUI 53, 56–57
attenuated RCA 80
dual-plug 79
LocalTalk 51–52
ADB cable 6–7
ADB devices, connecting 100
ADB ports 6–10, 74–75, 100
Adobe Acrobat Reader program 19
air circulation around computer
components 4, 215
America Online (AOL) service 65, 66
amplified speakers 76, 79, 166
analog telephone lines 44, 47
Apple Assistance Center 140
Apple-authorized dealers/service
providers
adding SCSI or other devices 71, 93
CD-ROM drive service ix, 161
floppy disk drive service 168, 219
hard disk service 144, 186, 188, 190
installing expansion cards/memory
99, 103, 104
installing processor upgrade
cards 103
interference with radio and television
reception viii
237
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
238
Index
keyboard or mouse service 173,
175, 216
obtaining peripheral devices and
supplies viii, 53, 218, 231
power supply service 220
removing extra built-in SCSI
terminators 96
repair service and warranty
questions 143
replacing the computer’s clock
battery 176
“sad Macintosh” icon appears 148
AppleCD Audio Player 161, 166
Apple CD-ROM extension 160, 163
Apple Desktop Bus. See ADB
Apple Ethernet AUI Adapter 53, 56–57
Apple Ethernet Thin Coax Transceiver
53, 55
Apple Extras folder 19, 29, 37, 38
Apple Guide x, 16, 26
Apple Internet Connection Kit 65, 66
Apple LocalTalk Locking Connector Kit
DIN-8 51, 52
Apple LocalTalk RJ-11 Connector
51, 52
Apple menu
About This Macintosh command 152
Apple System Profiler command
140–141
identifying 20
Apple Omni microphone 80
Apple PlainTalk Microphone 2, 80–82
AppleScript 37
AppleShare extension 180
Apple System Profiler utility 140–141
AppleTalk
configuring network connections
58–60
turning off/on for troubleshooting
173, 178, 179, 180, 182
AppleTalk control panel 58–60, 179, 181
Apple VideoPhone software 37, 167
Application menu
Finder command 17, 27
Hide Others command 35
Show All command 35, 159
using 20, 34–35
application programs
allocating more memory to 152
compatibility problems 159
for debugging 176
included with the computer 39, 65–66
installing 32–33, 39, 195, 200
“native” programs 36, 159
for online access 65–66
opening 34
quit unexpectedly 154–156
tips for using 36
troubleshooting 36, 152–159
working with more than one 34–35
arrow keys 225
arrow pointer on screen. See pointer
At Ease 150, 162
attenuated RCA adapter 80
audio CDs, troubleshooting 166
audio equipment, connecting to
the computer 76–82
audio equipment cables 78–79
Audio In port (on video equipment) 79,
89–92
Audio input ports 74–75, 77, 86–88
Audio Out port (on video equipment)
86–88
Audio output ports 74–75, 77, 90–92
audio track on a CD-ROM disc,
troubleshooting 166
B
backing up files 39, 231
backup programs 39
Balloon Help 18–19, 28–29, 141
bar-code reader, adding to the
computer 100
battery in computer’s clock,
replacing 176
blinking question mark icon 146,
191, 192
“bomb” message on screen 139,
154–156, 167
BootP server 61, 63
brightness control 14, 144
C
cables
ADB 6–7
audio equipment 78–79
checking connections 144, 173, 174
coaxial 53, 54–55, 56
dual RCA-plug 85–87, 89–91
fiber-optic 56
keyboard 2, 8, 10, 173, 174
LocalTalk 51, 52
locking 101
modem 46
monitor 2, 6–7
mouse 8, 9, 173
safety instructions for 214, 215
SCSI peripheral interface 95
SCSI system 95
standard telephone 51
S-video 85–87, 89–91
10Base-T twisted-pair 53, 54
triple RCA-plug 85, 87–90, 92
troubleshooting connections 14
when to unplug 108
cabling connection diagrams
amplified speakers 79
composite video
input from a camera 88
input from a VCR 87
TV used as a monitor 92
VCR connection for output from
the computer 90
S-video
input from a camera 87
input from a VCR 86
TV used as a monitor 91
VCR connection for output from
the computer 90
cache module
configurations of 107
installing 123–133
removing 128
cache module slot 105, 128, 129
Caps Lock key 225
carpal tunnel syndrome 210
CD Extras folder 38
CD player, connecting to the computer
76–80
CD-ROM discs
avoiding starting up from 150,
151, 162
cleaning 218
damaged 164
ejecting 33, 160, 161, 164, 219
handling 163, 164, 218–219
inserting 32, 191
ISO 9660– or High Sierra–format 165
saving changed information 164
starting up the computer from 148,
163, 190–191
troubleshooting 162, 163–167
CD-ROM drive
illustration of 72–73
safety instructions for 218–219
troubleshooting 160–162
vibrations in 162, 165
cedilla on a letter “c” (ç), typing 228
chains
ADB 100
SCSI 93, 95, 96
chair, adjusting for optimal support and
comfort 211
Chooser
checking network settings 179
checking printer settings 178
doesn’t list the computer you want to
connect to 180
specifying the printer port 98
turning AppleTalk on/off 173,
179, 180
circuit boards. See expansion cards
circumflex (^), typing 228
Index
239
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
240
Index
C key (at startup), to start up from a
CD-ROM disc 229
Claris Emailer Lite software 66
cleaning equipment 218, 220–222
clean installation of system software
196–200
Clear key 225
clock keeps time inaccurately 176
close box 21
closing
the computer 132–133
the expansion card cover 122
a window 21
coaxial cables 53, 54–55, 56
color depth, performance and 173
color display on a Photo CD,
troubleshooting 167
ColorSync 37
communications regulation information
viii-ix
compatibility problems
application programs 159
control panels 171
system extensions 171, 183–184
composite video format 83. See also
cabling connection diagrams
composite Video In port (on video
equipment) 88–90, 92
composite video input ports 74–75,
83–84, 86–88
composite Video Out port (on video
equipment) 85, 87–88
composite video output ports 74–75,
83–84, 89–90, 92
computer components. See equipment
configurations
of DIMMs 105–107
switching among 60, 64
Configure pop-up menu 63
configuring
AppleTalk network connections
58–60
TCP/IP network connections 58,
61–64
connecting. See also cabling
connection diagrams
ADB devices 100
audio equipment 76–82
to an Ethernet network 53–57
to a LocalTalk network 51–52, 57
a microphone 80–82
a modem 47
the monitor 4–7
the mouse and keyboard 8–10
to multiple networks
simultaneously 57
a printer 98
SCSI devices 93–97
a second monitor 99
to a telephone line 43–48
video equipment 83–92
connectors
on the cache module 128, 129
on a DRAM DIMM 125, 126
on expansion cards 114–115
extended miniplug 77
RCA-type 77–79, 84–88, 89–92
safety instructions for 215
stereo miniplug 77, 78, 79
S-video 84–88, 89–92
on a VRAM DIMM 127
“Connect via” pop-up menu
AppleTalk control panel 59
TCP/IP control panel 62
contrast control 144
Control key 226
Control Panel Information command
(Select menu in Apple System
Profiler) 141
control panels
AppleTalk 58–60, 179, 181
compatibility problems 171
Easy Access 178
effects of resetting PRAM and
NVRAM 145–146
Extensions Manager
CD-ROM drive problems 160, 163
file-sharing problems 182
floppy disk problems 169
locating problem extensions 184
printer problems 178
saving current extensions when
rebuilding the desktop 204
typing produces nothing on screen
174, 175
File Sharing Monitor 180
General Controls 172
Keyboard 172
Memory 153, 159, 172
Monitors & Sound 82, 173, 176
Mouse 173
PC Exchange 158, 169
Sharing Setup 180, 181, 182
Startup Disk 171
TCP/IP 58, 62–64, 179
viewing options 141
Views 173
Control Panels folder 163, 169
cover on the computer
removing 108–110
replacing 132
cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) 210
Current Zone pop-up menu 60
customer support. See also Appleauthorized dealers/service
providers
Apple Assistance Center 140
booklet described 137
hotline x, 16, 26
custom installation of system software
201–203
Custom Install dialog box 203
D
damaged CD-ROM discs 164
damaged floppy disks 168, 170
damaged hard disks 185–188
data-transfer speed
of ISDN lines 47
of modems 46
debugging applications 176
Delete key 226
deleting locked files 158
desktop
hiding and showing windows on 35
looks different when you start up,
troubleshooting 150, 162
rebuilding 151, 204–205
device drivers for SCSI equipment 97
Device Information command (Select
menu in Apple System Profiler)
141
DHCP server 61, 63
diacritical marks, typing 227–228
diagnostic techniques. See also error
messages; troubleshooting
checking system extension
compatibility 183–184
initializing a hard disk 189–190
installing system software 192–203
rebuilding the desktop 204–205
starting up from the CD-ROM disc
190–191
testing and repairing a hard disk
185–188
dialog boxes
Custom Install 203
Disk First Aid 187
Drive Setup 186, 190
Easy Install 195, 198, 199
Energy Saver 12
digital telephone lines. See ISDN lines
DIMMs
configurations of 105–107
installing 123–133
removing 125
Index
241
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
242
Index
disconnecting the computer 4, 214
discussion groups on the Internet 68
disk cache 153, 172
Disk First Aid dialog box 187
Disk First Aid program 187–188, 193,
197, 201
disk-formatting programs, file sharing
and 181
disk repair or recovery programs
186, 188
disks. See CD-ROM discs; floppy disks;
hard disk; Zip disks
display. See monitors; screen
displaying
information about your hardware and
software 140–141
a partially hidden window 21
documents. See also files
in DOS/Windows format, working
with 158, 169
problems opening 157–158, 164
downloading
files from the Internet 68
Web pages, modem speed and 46
DRAM
configuration specifications 106
installing 123–133
removing a DRAM DIMM 125
DRAM slots 105, 125, 126
Drive Setup dialog box 186, 190
Drive Setup program
initializing a hard disk 189–190
installing system software 194,
197, 202
testing a hard disk for damage 186
Dual Inline Memory Modules.
See DIMMs
dual-plug adapters 79
dual RCA-plug cables 85–87, 89–91
dynamic random-access memory.
See DRAM
E
Easy Access control panel 174, 178
easy installation of system software
193–196
Easy Install dialog box 195, 198, 199
Eject Disk command (Special menu)
160, 161
ejecting
CD-ROM discs 33, 160, 161, 219
floppy disks 33, 168, 219
Zip disks 233
ejectors
on a DRAM slot 125, 126
on a VRAM slot 127
electromagnetic emissions from
monitors 213
electrostatic discharge 110
e-mail, features of 67
emergency ejection hole
on the CD-ROM drive 161
on the floppy disk drive 168, 219
on the Zip disk drive 233
Empty Trash command (Special menu)
22, 158
Energy Saver dialog box 12
Enter key 226
equipment
arranging to prevent discomfort
211–212
cleaning 218, 220–222
displaying information about
140–141
guidelines for handling 215–220, 235
illustration of 2, 72–73
error messages. See also diagnostic
techniques; troubleshooting
“a file can’t be found” 159
“application has unexpectedly quit”
154–156
“application program can’t be
found” 157
“a system error has occurred” 154
with blinking icons in the menu
bar 177
blinking question mark 146, 191, 192
“bomb” message 139, 154–156, 167
disk with an X 147
font file problems 177
ID numbers for 138
“not enough memory” 152
printing problems 179
requesting to insert a disk after you’ve
ejected it 160, 170
responding to 138
right-angle bracket (>) 176
“sad Macintosh” 148
“This disk is damaged: Do you want
to initialize it?” 169
“This is not a Macintosh disk: Do you
want to initialize it?” 163, 169
Escape key 226
Ethernet media adapters 53, 56–57
Ethernet networks, connecting to 53–57
Ethernet ports 53–57, 74–75
Ethernet transceivers 53, 54, 55, 56
expansion bay 72–73
expansion card cover
closing 122
opening 113
expansion cards
alternative networks and 49
installing 103–104, 108–122,
132–133
for a second monitor 99
expansion slots
access covers for 74–75, 113–114
expansion cards supported by 104
installing a video card 99
extended miniplug connectors 77
Extension Information command (Select
menu in Apple System Profiler)
141
extensions. See system extensions
Extensions folder 180
Extensions Manager control panel. See
also system extensions
CD-ROM drive problems 160, 163
file-sharing problems 182
floppy disk problems 169
locating problem extensions 184
printer problems 178
saving current extensions when
rebuilding the desktop 204
typing produces nothing on screen
174, 175
external SCSI terminators 96
eye fatigue from computer use 209,
211, 213
F
fatigue from computer use 209, 211, 213
feet on keyboard, lowering 9
Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI)
networks 49
fiber-optic cable 56
file compression programs 177
File menu
Get Info command 152, 158, 179
Open command 34
Put Away command 33, 160, 161,
170, 219, 233
Quit command 160, 170
files. See also documents
accessing ISO 9660– and High
Sierra–format files 165
backing up 39
deleting 158
downloading from the Internet 68
on Photo CDs, troubleshooting 167
file sharing
hard disk space requirements for
180, 181
troubleshooting 158, 179–182
File Sharing folder 181
File Sharing Monitor control panel 180
Finder 17, 27, 37
floppy disk drive 72–73, 168, 219
Index
243
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
floppy disks
for backup purposes 39
damaged 168, 170
ejecting 33, 148, 168, 170, 219
formatting on a DOS computer for use
in a Macintosh 169
initializing 169
inserting 32
safety instructions for 217
troubleshooting 168–170, 219
unlocking 158, 168
folders
Apple Extras 19, 29, 37, 38
CD Extras 38
Control Panels 163, 169
Extensions 180
File Sharing 181
Iomega 231, 234
Preferences 145, 181
Previous System Folder 199, 200
System Folder 36, 141, 149, 157,
196–200
folder sizes calculation, performance and
173
font files, damaged 177
Foreign File Access extension 163, 165
forums on the Internet 68
Function keys 226
furniture, arranging to prevent discomfort
211–212
G
General Controls control panel 172
GeoPort. See modem port; printer port
Get Info command (File menu) 152, 158,
179
graphics tablet, adding to the
computer 100
grave accent (`), typing 228
grounding the computer 3, 215
Guide menu. See also Macintosh Guide
displaying 18–19, 24–25, 28–29
identifying 23
Guide window, moving or shrinking
17, 27
244
Index
H
handling equipment, guidelines for
215–220, 235
hard disk
backing up 231
extending storage with a Zip disk 231
illustration of 74–75
initializing 189–190
testing and repairing 185–188
troubleshooting 150, 171
updating 194, 197, 202
hard disk space required for file sharing
180, 181
hardware handshaking protocol 46
headphones 76, 79, 166
health-related information about
computer use 209–213
help. See also Apple-authorized
dealers/service providers;
Balloon Help; customer support;
error messages; Macintosh
Guide; troubleshooting
via the Internet 18, 28
where to find answers to questions x,
16, 26
Hide Balloons command (Guide menu)
18, 28
Hide Others command (Application
menu) 35
High Sierra–format files 165
“Huh?” button, Guide window 17, 27
I
icons
ADB port 6, 8, 9, 100
appear different from usual 177
Apple menu 20
Application menu 20
application program 22
blinking in the menu bar 177, 178
blinking question mark 146, 191, 192
defined 22
Disk First Aid 187, 193, 197, 201
disk with an X 147
Display Preferences 145
document 22
Drive Setup 186, 189, 194, 197, 202
Ethernet 53
folder 22
Guide menu 19, 20, 23, 29
hard disk 22
Installer 38
Install System Software 194, 198, 202
modem port 46
printer port 51, 98
Read Me 19, 22, 29
“sad Macintosh” 148
SCSI 93
sound input/output ports 76
System Folder 22
Trash 22
ID numbers
for error messages 138
for SCSI devices 93, 94, 150, 185
image files on Photo CDs,
troubleshooting 167
Index button, Macintosh Guide 17,
19, 27
initializing
a floppy disk 169
a hard disk 189–190
inserting
CD-ROM discs 32, 191
floppy disks 32
Zip disks 232
insertion point, setting 174
Installer program 194–195, 198–199,
202–203
installing
application programs 32–33, 39, 195,
200
file-sharing and network software 182
a locking cable 101
memory 103, 105–107, 123–133
a PCI expansion card 103–104,
108–122, 132–133
printer drivers 178–179
system extensions 195, 200
system software 192–203
Tools application 234
Integrated Services Digital Network. See
ISDN
interference
from electrical equipment 178
with radio and television reception
viii, 99, 216
between two monitors 99
internal SCSI interface 93
international symbols and characters,
typing 227–228
Internet
connecting to and using 65–68
getting help via 18, 28
Internet service provider (ISP) 66
Iomega folder 231, 234
IP address 61, 63
ISDN lines
connecting to 48
data-transfer speed of 47
overview 44
usage fees 48
ISDN networks 49
ISDN terminal adapters 48
ISO 9660–format files 165
Index
245
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
J
M
joystick, adding to the computer 100
Macintosh Easy Open 204
Macintosh Guide (onscreen help)
overview x, xi, 16, 26
for troubleshooting help 140
using 17, 19, 27
Macintosh Tutorial (onscreen training)
18–19, 23–25, 28–29
MacIP server 62, 63
Mac OS. See system software
Mac OS Guide. See Macintosh Guide
memory
AppleTalk and 60, 64
cache module configuration
specifications 107
changing allocation of 152
DRAM configuration
specifications 106
installing 103, 105–107, 123–133
performance and 172
printing and 179
RAM disk 153, 172
troubleshooting 152–153, 154, 156,
159, 167
used by system software additions 38
virtual memory 36, 153, 172
VRAM configuration
specifications 107
VRAM requirements for using a TV
and monitor together 92
Memory control panel 153, 159, 172
memory interleaving 106
memory slots 105, 124–129
menu bar
blinking icons in, troubleshooting
177, 178
defined 20
menu blinking, performance and 172
menus, opening 20
microphone 2, 72, 80–82, 176
miniplug connectors 77, 78, 79
modem cables 46
K
keyboard. See also Power key
checking connections 173, 174
connecting 8–10
illustration of 2, 72
lowering the feet on 9
positioning 9, 10, 212
repeat rate adjustments 172
safety instructions for 216
shortcuts 225–228
special keys on 225–226
troubleshooting 173–174
keyboard cable 2, 8, 10, 173, 174
Keyboard control panel 172
keyboard tray 212
Key Caps program 227–228
Key combinations 225–228
L
line splitters, modems and 47
liquid spills on the equipment 214, 215,
216, 218, 219
LocalTalk adapter and cable 51–52
LocalTalk networks, connecting to
51–52, 57
lockable cover latch 74, 101
locked files 158
locking cables 101
locking levers on top chassis 123
locking/unlocking the mouse 223–224
logic board, locations of memory slots
on 105
long-distance charges, modems and 45
Look For button, Macintosh Guide 17,
19, 27
246
Index
modem port 74–75
modems 44–47
moisture or wetness, computer exposure
to 214, 215, 219
monitor cable 2, 6–7
monitor port 6, 74–75
monitor power cord, connecting 4–5
monitor power socket 5, 74
monitors. See also screen
brightness control 14, 144
cleaning 220
connecting 4–7, 99
contrast control 144
electromagnetic emissions from 213
illustration of 2, 72–73
positioning 4, 212
safety instructions for 216
supported by the computer 4
televisions used as 91–92
turning on 10–11
Monitors & Sound control panel 82,
173, 176
mouse
checking connections 173
cleaning 221–222
connecting 8–10
illustration of 2, 72
learning to use 24–25
locking/unlocking 223–224
proper positioning of 212
troubleshooting 173
mouse button 24
mouse cable 8, 9
Mouse control panel 173
Mouse Keys feature 174
mouse tracking speed, performance
and 173
moving, the Guide window 17, 27
multiple networks, connecting to 57
musculoskeletal discomfort from
computer use 209, 210, 213
N
“native” programs 36, 159
navigation buttons, Guide window
17, 27
Netscape Navigator Web browser 66
network administrator
choosing a network zone 60
configuring your connection 63
connecting to a network 51, 53, 55
obtaining access privileges for shared
items 180, 182
unlocking the AppleTalk control panel
59, 62
Network extension 180
networks
alternate types of 49
backing up files on 39
configuring connections 58–64
connecting to 51–57
installing application programs
from 33
ISDN terminal adapters and 48
shared telecommunications equipment
for online access 44
troubleshooting 179–182
network zones
choosing 60, 63
defined 59
nonvolatile video RAM. See NVRAM
normal installation of system software
193–196
NuBus cards 104
numeric keys 226
NVRAM, resetting 145–146, 171, 181
Index
247
O
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
office furniture, arranging to prevent
discomfort 211–212
online access
application programs for 65–66
equipment needed for 43–48
onscreen help. See Balloon help;
Macintosh Guide
onscreen training. See Macintosh Guide;
Macintosh Tutorial
Open/Close button on CD-ROM drive
72–73
OpenDoc software 38, 66
Open command (File menu) 34
opening
application programs 34
the CD-ROM tray 161
the computer 108–110
documents, troubleshooting
157–158, 164
the expansion card cover 113
the top chassis 123–124
open programs, identifying 34
operating system software. See
system software
optional system software 38, 153
Option key 226, 227–228, 229
P
parameter RAM. See PRAM
password, for a Zip disk 231, 234
PC Exchange control panel 37, 158, 169
PCI expansion cards. See expansion cards
pdf icons or file names 19
performance of computer,
troubleshooting 171–173
peripheral component interconnect
expansion cards. See
expansion cards
phone company message services 45
phone jacks, modems and 47
Photo CDs, troubleshooting 167
PlainTalk 38, 153
248
Index
plugging in the computer and monitor 3,
4–6
pointer 24, 151, 173, 174
port access covers 74–75, 113–114
ports
AAUI Ethernet 53, 55, 56–57, 74–75
ADB 6–10, 74–75, 100
Audio In (on video equipment) 79,
89–92
Audio input 74–75, 77, 86–88
Audio Out (on video equipment)
86–88
Audio output 74–75, 77, 90–92
composite Video In (on video
equipment) 88–90, 92
composite video input 74–75, 83–84,
86–88
composite Video Out (on video
equipment) 85, 87–88
composite video output 74–75,
83–84, 89–90, 92
modem 74–75
monitor 6, 74–75
printer 51–52, 74–75, 98
RCA-type 76–79
SCSI 74–75, 93
security lock 74–75, 101
sound input/output 74–75, 76–77, 79
specifying in the AppleTalk control
panel 59–60
specifying in the TCP/IP control panel
61, 62
S-video In (on video equipment)
88–91
S-video input 74–75, 83–84, 86–87
S-video Out (on video equipment)
85–87
S-video output 74–75, 83–84, 89–91
10Base-T Ethernet 53, 54, 74–75
power button 14, 72–73, 139
power cords
checking connections 144
connecting 3–5
disconnecting 4, 214
frayed 214
illustration of 2, 3, 5
Power key
illustration of 11, 72–73, 226
restarting the computer 139, 226, 229
starting the computer 11, 226
turning off the computer 30, 226
waking the computer 14
power-on light
on the computer 72–73
on the monitor 14
power sockets on back of computer 74
power supply 111, 220
power switch on the monitor 10–11
power usage limitations
of ADB devices 100
of expansion cards 104
PRAM, resetting 145–146, 171, 181
Preferences folder 145, 181
Previous System Folder 199, 200
printer drivers 98, 178–179
printer port 51–52, 74–75, 98
printers
connecting 98
troubleshooting 146, 178–179
problems. See Apple-authorized
dealers/service providers;
customer support; error
messages; troubleshooting
processor upgrade cards 103
programs. See application programs
Put Away command (File menu) 33,
160, 161, 170, 219, 233
Q
question mark
blinking, icon for system software
problems 146, 191, 192
icon for the Guide menu 19, 23, 24
QuickDraw GX or 3D 38
QuickTime 37, 167
Quit (File menu) 160, 170
R
radio and television reception,
interference with viii, 99, 216
RAM. See memory
RAM disk 153, 172
RARP server 61, 63
RCA-type connectors 77–79, 84–88,
89–92
RCA-type ports. See Audio input ports;
Audio output ports; composite
video input ports; composite
video output ports
Read Me documents 19, 29, 38, 39
read-protecting a Zip disk 234
rebuilding the desktop 151, 204–205
reinstalling. See installing
release button on the computer 108–109
removable storage devices, file sharing
and 181
removing
the cache module 128
the computer cover 108–110
DIMMs 125
extra built-in SCSI terminators 96
the speaker housing/card guide
assembly 118–119
repairing a damaged disk 185–188
repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) 210
replacing
the computer clock battery 176
the computer cover 132
the speaker housing/card guide
assembly 120–121
the top chassis 130–131
restarting the computer 139, 229
troubleshooting 151, 162
Restart command (Special menu)
139, 191
Return key 226
RJ-45 telephone-style connector 54
router address 63
RS232 cables 95
Index
249
S
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
250
Index
safety instructions
cleaning equipment 220–222
connecting devices 97
discharging static electricity 111
general precautions 214–215
grounding the computer 3, 215
handling CD-ROM discs and floppy
disks 163–164, 217–219
handling the keyboard and
monitor 216
handling Zip disks 232, 233, 235
installing expansion cards and
memory 103, 104
liquid spills on equipment 214, 215,
216, 218, 219
locking/unlocking the mouse
223–224
servicing the power supply 220
turning on the computer 133
turning off the computer, to
attach/remove devices 78, 80,
85, 88, 97, 100
using the CD-ROM drive ix, 161,
218–219
saving
changed information on a CD-ROM
disc 164
current set of system extensions
204–205
documents, before restarting the
computer 139
screen. See also monitors
appears dark 144
minimizing glare and reflections
212, 213
positioning 4, 212
screen saver programs 144
scroll arrows 21
SCSI chains 93, 95, 96
SCSI devices 93–97, 146
SCSI IDs. See ID numbers
SCSI interface, internal 93
SCSI peripheral interface cable 95
SCSI port 74–75, 93
SCSI system cable 95
SCSI terminators 96
securing the computer 101
security lock port 74–75, 101
service and support. See Appleauthorized dealers/service
providers; customer support
Sets pop-up menu 204, 205
setting up the computer equipment 1–15
shared disks, troubleshooting 180, 182
shared folders, deleting files from 158
shared libraries 159
Sharing Setup control panel 180,
181, 182
Shift key 226
Key Caps program and 227
at startup, to turn off system
extensions 229
Show All command (Application menu)
35, 159
Show Balloons command (Guide menu)
18–19, 28–29, 141
shrinking the Guide window 17, 27
Shut Down command (Special menu)
30, 108, 150, 162. See also
turning off the computer
SIMMs 106, 107
Single Inline Memory Modules.
See SIMMs
size box 21
sleep state 14, 144
Slow Keys feature 174
Small Computer System Interface.
See SCSI
software
included with the computer 37–39
included with modems 47
sound, problems recording from an
audio CD 166
sound input/output devices, connecting
76–82
sound input/output ports 74–75,
76–77, 79
Sound Input pop-up menu 82
Space bar (at startup), to start the
Extensions Manager 229
speaker 72. See also amplified speakers
speaker housing/card guide assembly,
removing/replacing 118–121
Special menu
Eject Disk command 160, 161
Empty Trash command 22, 158
Restart command 139, 191
Shut Down command 30, 108,
150, 162
speed
of computer, troubleshooting
171–173
of ISDN lines 47
of modems 46
starting up the computer
from the CD-ROM disc 148, 163,
190–191, 229
troubleshooting 14, 144–151, 171
turning it on 10–13
startup disk, troubleshooting 147,
171, 185
Startup Disk control panel 171
static electricity, discharging 111
stereo miniplug connectors 77, 78, 79
stereo sound, recording or playing 76–80
Sticky Keys feature 174
storage, extending capacity with a
Zip disk 231
subnet mask number 61, 63
sunlight, computer exposure to 215
S-video cables 85–87, 89–91
S-video connectors 84–87, 89–92
S-video format 83. See also cabling
connection diagrams
S-video In port (on video equipment)
88–91
S-video input port 74–75, 83–84, 86–87
S-video Out port (on video equipment)
85–87
S-video output port 74–75, 83–84, 89–91
switching to another application
program 35
symbols and international characters,
typing 227–228
system extensions. See also Extensions
Manager control panel
Apple CD-ROM 160, 163
AppleShare 180
checking for compatibility 171,
183–184
Foreign File Access 163, 165
installing application programs
and 32
Network 180
reinstalling 195, 200
saving current set of 204–205
troubleshooting 149, 183–184
turning off/on 145–146, 175,
183–184, 204–205
viewing options 141
System Folder
avoiding more than one 36, 141
creating a new one 196–200
files contained in 157
troubleshooting 149
System Folder Information command
(Select menu in Apple System
Profiler) 141
System Overview command (Select
menu in Apple System
Profiler) 140
system software
described 37
installing 192–203
optional 38, 153
troubleshooting 146–148
Index
251
T
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
252
Index
Tab key 226
tape deck, connecting to the computer
76–80
TCP/IP control panel 58, 62–64, 179
TCP/IP network connections, configuring
58, 61–64
Technical Information booklet
connecting ADB devices 100
connecting additional equipment 71
expansion card power
requirements 104
external SCSI interface 93
memory upgrades 107
monitor support 4
telephone cables 51
telephone line, connecting the computer
to 43–48
television, using as a monitor 91–92
television and radio reception,
interference with viii, 99, 216
temperature limits
for floppy disks 217
for Zip disks 235
10Base-T Ethernet port 53, 54, 74–75
10Base-T hub 54
10Base-T twisted-pair cable 53, 54
terminators for SCSI chains 96
testing and repairing a hard disk
185–188
thick coaxial cable 53, 56
thin coaxial cable 54–55
thin coaxial Ethernet network, connecting
to 54–55
thin coaxial transceiver 53, 55
three-wire grounding plug 3, 215
tilde (~), typing 228
title bar 21
Token Ring networks 49
Tools application 231, 234
Topics button, Macintosh Guide 17,
19, 27
training, Macintosh Tutorial 18–19,
23–25, 28–29
transceivers, Ethernet 53, 54, 55, 56
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol. See TCP/IP
Trash
deleting locked files in 158
emptying 22
triple RCA-plug cables 85, 87–90, 92
troubleshooting. See also diagnostic
techniques; error messages
Apple System Profiler and 140–141
application program malfunctions 36,
152–159
audio CDs don’t play correctly 166
blinking icons in menu bar 177, 178
blinking question mark 146, 191, 192
“bomb” message on screen 139,
154–156, 167
cable connections 14
CD-ROM disc/drive problems
160–167
clock keeps time inaccurately 176
computer freezes 148–149, 151,
154, 167
computer makes unusual sounds
144–146, 178
computer won’t restart 151
deleting files 158
desktop looks different when you start
up 150, 162
displaying system information
140–141
documents, working with 157–158
equipment connections 148–149
file sharing problems 158, 179–182
flashing empty box appears at
startup 151
floppy disk/drive problems 147,
168–170, 219
font files, damaged 177
hard disk problems 150, 171,
185–188
icons appear different from usual 177
icons do not appear at startup 151
interference with radio and television
reception viii, 99, 216
ISO 9660– or High Sierra–format
files 165
keyboard problems 173–175
Macintosh Guide and 140
memory problems 152–156, 159, 167
microphone malfunctions 176
mouse problems 173
network usage problems 179–182
performance and speed decrease
171–173
Photo CD problems 167
pointer alternates between an arrow
and wristwatch 151
pointer doesn’t move 173
PRAM and NVRAM problems
145–146
printer problems 146, 178–179
rebuilding the desktop 151
restarting the computer 139, 151
right-angle bracket (>) on screen 176
“sad Macintosh” icon 148
screen is dark 144
SCSI device connections 146
shared disk problems 180, 182
starting up the computer 14,
144–151, 171
startup disk problems 147, 171, 185
system extension compatibility 149,
183–184
system software problems
146–148, 196
typing produces nothing on screen
174–175
a window has disappeared 159
Zip disk problems 232, 233
turning off
AppleTalk 60, 173, 178
the computer
to attach or remove devices 78, 80,
85, 88, 97, 100
to connect cables 14
general instructions for 30
to install an expansion card or
memory 108
for troubleshooting purposes 150,
161, 162, 233
system extensions 145, 175, 183,
204–205
turning on
AppleTalk 178, 179, 180, 182
the computer 10–13
troubleshooting 14, 144–151, 171
external SCSI devices 97
system extensions 146, 184
tutorial 18–19, 23–25, 28–29
TV, using as a monitor, VRAM and 107
twisted-pair Ethernet network,
connecting to 53, 54
twisted-pair patch cord 54
typing
international characters and symbols
227–228
nothing appears on screen,
troubleshooting 174–175
Index
253
U
Can’t Find It?
See also Macintosh
Guide’s onscreen index.
Open the Guide (h)
menu and choose
Macintosh Guide; then
click the Index button.
umlaut (¨), typing 228
unlocking floppy disks 158, 168
unlocking/locking the mouse 223–224
unplugging
cables 108
the computer 4, 214
updating the hard disk 194, 197, 202
upgrading system software 192
Usenet newsgroups 68
User Mode command (AppleTalk control
panel) 60, 64
Users & Groups data file 181
V
VCR
connecting for input to the computer
84–88
connecting for output from the
computer 88–91
ventilation around computer components
4, 215
ventilation openings on the computer and
monitors 99, 216
video camera, connecting for input to the
computer 84–88
video card 99
videocassette recorder. See VCR
video conferencing software 38, 153
video equipment, connecting to the
computer 83–92
video formats, defined 83
video random-access memory. See
VRAM
videotape, recording computer output on
88–91
Views control panel 173
virtual memory 36, 153, 172
virus protection programs 32
volume for audio equipment,
adjusting 80
254
Index
Volume Information command (Select
menu in Apple System Profiler)
141
VRAM
configurations of 107
installing 123–133
requirements for using a TV and
monitor together 92
VRAM slots 105, 127
W, X, Y
waking the computer 14, 144
warranty on the computer 103, 143
Web pages. See World Wide Web
wetness or moisture, computer exposure
to 214, 215, 219
windows
hiding and showing 35, 159
working with 21
Windows/DOS documents or disks,
working with 158, 169
work space, arranging to prevent
discomfort 211–212
World Wide Web
accessing 67
getting help from 18, 28
modem speed and 46
write-protecting a Zip disk 234
Z
Zip disks
handling guidelines 232, 233, 235
inserting/ejecting 232–233
Tools application and 231, 234
uses for 231
Zip drive
illustration of 72–73
uses for 231
zones. See network zones
zoom box 21
zooming the Guide window 17, 27

Power Macintosh
User’s Manual
Includes setup, troubleshooting, and important health-related
information for Power Macintosh 8600 series computers
K Apple Computer, Inc.
© 1997 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the
written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying
software license agreement.
The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other
countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Option-Shift-K) for commercial purposes without
the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair
competition in violation of federal and state laws.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is
not responsible for printing or clerical errors.
Apple Computer, Inc.
1 Infinite Loop
Cupertino, CA 95014-2084
408-996-1010
http://www.apple.com
Apple, the Apple logo, AppleScript, AppleTalk, AppleVision, Chicago, ColorSync, GeoPort,
HyperCard, LaserWriter, LocalTalk, Mac, Macintosh, OpenDoc, PlainTalk, PowerBook, Power
Macintosh, QuickTime, and StyleWriter are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in
the U.S. and other countries.
AppleCD, At Ease, Balloon Help, Disk First Aid, Extensions Manager, Finder, Foreign File
Access, and QuickDraw are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
Adobe, Acrobat, and PostScript are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated or its
subsidiaries and may be registered in certain jurisdictions.
Claris is a registered trademark and Claris Emailer is a trademark of Claris Corporation.
Helvetica and Times are registered trademarks of Linotype-Hell AG and/or its subsidiaries.
Iomega is a registered trademark, and Zip is a trademark, of Iomega Corporation.
Netscape Navigator is a trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation.
NuBus is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
PowerPC and the PowerPC logo are trademarks of International Business Machines
Corporation, used under license therefrom.
Simultaneously published in the United States and Canada.
Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an
endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the
performance or use of these products.
Contents
Communications regulation information
Preface Why Is This Book So Thin?
viii
xi
Part I Getting Started
1 Setting Up Your Computer
1
Positioning and plugging in the computer
Connecting a monitor
4
Connecting the mouse and keyboard
Turning the computer on
8
10
Problems turning your computer on?
What’s next?
3
14
15
Where to find answers
16
Four simple tips for using Macintosh Guide effectively
Reviewing the basics
17
20
iii
2 Learning to Use Your Computer
Learning the basics
23
24
After you take the tutorial
Where to find answers
25
26
Four simple tips for using Macintosh Guide effectively
Turning the computer off
30
3 Installing and Using Software
Installing application programs
31
32
Opening an application program
34
Working with several programs at a time
34
Five tips for using application programs effectively
About the software included with your computer
Backing up your files
27
36
37
39
Part II Communicating With Other Computers
4 Connecting Your Computer to a Telephone Line
Types of equipment
44
Choosing and connecting a modem
Connecting to an ISDN line
45
47
5 Connecting Your Computer to a Network
Connecting to a LocalTalk network
51
Connecting to an Ethernet network
53
Configuring your network connection
58
6 Using an Online Service or the Internet
Connection software
What you can do online
iv
Contents
65
67
49
65
43
Part III Expanding Your Computer’s Capabilities
7 Connecting Additional Equipment
71
Your computer’s components and front panel controls
Your computer’s ports and connectors
Connecting audio equipment
76
Connecting video equipment
83
Connecting external SCSI devices
Connecting a printer
72
74
93
98
Connecting a second monitor
99
Connecting an ADB input device
Securing your computer
100
101
8 Installing PCI Expansion Cards and Additional Memory
About PCI expansion cards
About memory
103
104
105
Installing a PCI expansion card or memory
108
Part IV Troubleshooting
9 Start Here If Trouble Occurs
137
Step 1: Gather as much information as you can
Step 2: Restart your computer
138
139
Step 3: Check onscreen help, if you can
140
Step 4: Check the next chapter, “Solutions to Common Problems”
Step 5: Use Apple System Profiler
140
140
Contents
v
10 Solutions to Common Problems
143
Problems turning on or starting up your computer
144
Problems with application programs, documents, and memory
Problems with CD-ROM drives and discs
160
Problems with floppy disks and floppy disk drives
Problems with hard disks
171
Problems with your computer’s speed
Other problems with your computer
Problems with your printer
171
173
178
Problems with networks and file sharing
11 Diagnostic Techniques
179
183
Checking your system extensions
Testing and repairing your hard disk
183
185
Starting up from the system software CD-ROM disc
Installing system software
Rebuilding your desktop
vi
Contents
168
192
204
190
152
Part V Appendixes
Appendix A Health, Safety, and Maintenance Tips
209
Health-related information about computer use
Safety instructions
214
Handling your computer equipment
Cleaning your equipment
215
220
Locking and unlocking the mouse
223
Appendix B Special Keys on Your Keyboard
Typing special characters and symbols
Special key combinations
Ejecting a Zip disk
Index
227
231
232
233
Using the Tools application
Handling Zip disks
225
229
Appendix C Using the Internal Zip Drive
Inserting a Zip disk
209
234
235
237
Contents
vii
Communications regulation information
FCC declaration of conformity
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. See
instructions if interference to radio or television reception is suspected.
Radio and television interference
The equipment described in this manual generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency
energy. If it is not installed and used properly—that is, in strict accordance with Apple’s
instructions—it may cause interference with radio and television reception.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device
in accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC rules. These specifications are designed
to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
You can determine whether your computer system is causing interference by turning it off. If
the interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or one of the peripheral devices.
If your computer system does cause interference to radio or television reception, try to correct
the interference by using one or more of the following measures:
m Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.
m Move the computer to one side or the other of the television or radio.
m Move the computer farther away from the television or radio.
m Plug the computer into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio.
(That is, make certain the computer and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by
different circuit breakers or fuses.)
If necessary, consult an Apple-authorized service provider or Apple. See the service and support
information that came with your Apple product. Or, consult an experienced radio/television
technician for additional suggestions.
IMPORTANT Changes or modifications to this product not authorized by Apple Computer, Inc.,
could void the FCC Certification and negate your authority to operate the product.
This product was tested for FCC compliance under conditions that included the use of Apple
peripheral devices and Apple shielded cables and connectors between system components. It is
important that you use Apple peripheral devices and shielded cables and connectors between
system components to reduce the possibility of causing interference to radios, television sets,
and other electronic devices. You can obtain Apple peripheral devices and the proper shielded
cables and connectors through an Apple-authorized dealer. For non-Apple peripheral devices,
contact the manufacturer or dealer for assistance.
Responsible party: Robert Steinfeld, Apple Computer, Inc., 1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino, CA
95014-2084, 408-974-2618.
viii
Communications Regulation Information
Industry Canada statement
This Class B device meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing equipment
regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la Class B respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel
brouilleur du Canada.
VCCI Class 2 statement
CD-ROM drive
WARNING Making adjustments or performing procedures other than those specified in your
equipment’s manual may result in hazardous exposure.
WARNING Do not attempt to disassemble the cabinet containing the laser. The laser beam used in
this product is harmful to the eyes. The use of optical instruments, such as magnifying lenses,
with this product increases the potential hazard to your eyes. For your safety, have this
equipment serviced only by an Apple-authorized service provider.
If you have an internal Apple CD-ROM drive in your computer, your computer is a Class 1
laser product. The Class 1 label, located in a user-accessible area, indicates that the drive meets
minimum safety requirements. A service warning label is located in a service-accessible area.
The labels on your product may differ slightly from the ones shown here.
Class 1 label
Service warning label
Communications Regulation Information
ix
Where to find answers
When you have questions about using
your Macintosh, there are several
places you can look for answers.
Apple Guide
If you need help or experience a
problem while using the computer,
open the Guide (h) menu and
choose Macintosh Guide (or Mac
OS Guide). The Guide menu is the
main source for information while
you are using the computer.
Macintosh User’s Manual
Use this book to help you
set up your computer and
learn about it, or to find
solutions to problems.
sh
Power Macinto
User’s Manual
Other manuals
For answers to
questions about
other equipment
or about application
programs you have
purchased, see the
manuals that came
with the equipment
or programs.
Apple’s customer
support hotline
If you can’t find an
answer in any of the
materials provided,
call the customer
support hotline.
(The phone number
for the hotline is in the
service and support
information that came
with your computer.)
Why Is This Book So Thin?
You’ve just purchased a powerful computer with virtually limitless
capabilities. So why isn’t the manual the size of the New York City phone
directory?
One reason is that the Macintosh is easier to use than other computers.
Another reason is that the instructions for how to use your system software
are included in a comprehensive onscreen help system—Macintosh Guide.
Macintosh Guide (also called Mac OS Guide on some systems) helps you in
ways that a manual can’t. It gives you more ways to search for information. It’s
“smart” enough to give you instructions catered to your situation. It can even
circle things on the screen for you.
Once you’ve set up your computer be sure to try Macintosh Guide. You’ll find
it under the little yellow question mark at the upper-right of your screen.
xi
Getting Started
Chapter 1
Setting Up Your Computer
Chapter 2
Learning to Use Your Computer
Chapter 3
Installing and Using Software
I
part
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