ACRONIS | TRUE IMAGE 9.1 - SERVER FOR WINDOWS | User`s guide | ACRONIS TRUE IMAGE 9.1 - SERVER FOR WINDOWS User`s guide

User's Guide
Acronis
True Image 9.1
Server for Windows
Compute with confidence
www.acronis.com
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006. All rights reserved.
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Manager, “Acronis Secure Zone” and the Acronis logo are trademarks of Acronis, Inc.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
BY ACCEPTING, YOU (ORIGINAL PURCHASER) INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THESE
TERMS. IF YOU DO NOT WISH TO ACCEPT THE PRODUCT UNDER THESE TERMS, YOU CAN
CHOOSE NOT TO ACCEPT BY SELECTING "I decline..." AND NOT INSTALLING THE
SOFTWARE.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows (the Software) is Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 20002006. All rights are reserved. The ORIGINAL PURCHASER is granted a LICENSE to use the
software only, subject to the following restrictions and limitations.
1.
The license is to the original purchaser only, and is not transferable without prior
written permission from Acronis.
2.
The original purchaser can use the software on a single computer. You cannot use
the software on more than a single machine, even if you own or lease all of them, without
the written consent of Acronis.
3.
The original purchaser cannot engage in, nor permit third parties to engage in, any of
the following:
A.
Providing or permitting use of by, or transferring the software to, third parties.
B.
Providing use of the software in a computer service business, network, timesharing or
multiple user arrangement to users who are not individually licensed by Acronis.
C.
Making alterations or copies of any kind in the software (except as specifically
permitted above).
D.
Attempting to unassemble, decompile or reverse-engineer the software in any way.
E.
Granting sublicenses, leases, or other rights in the software to others.
F.
Making copies, or verbal or media translations, of the users guide.
G.
Making telecommunication data transmission of the software.
Acronis has the right to terminate this license if there is a violation of its terms or default by
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and all damages suffered as a result of the violation or default.
ENTIRE RISK
THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH
YOU THE PURCHASER. Acronis DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE SOFTWARE OR ITS
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SOFTWARE WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR FREE OR THAT ANY DEFECTS WILL BE
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NO LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN NO EVENT SHALL Acronis OR ITS
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LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR THE LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION,
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THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
SOFTWARE USAGE TERMS AND CONDITIONS
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Illegal use and/or distribution of this software will be prosecuted.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction...........................................................................................7
1.1 Acronis True Image Server for Windows – a complete solution for corporate users ................. 7
1.2 New in Acronis True Image 9.1 Server for Windows ............................................................. 8
1.4 System requirements and supported media ......................................................................... 9
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
1.4.4
Minimum system requirements .................................................................................... 9
Supported operating systems....................................................................................... 9
Supported file systems .............................................................................................. 10
Supported storage media .......................................................................................... 10
1.5 Technical support............................................................................................................ 10
Chapter 2. Acronis True Image Server for Windows installation and starting .....12
2.1 Installing Acronis True Image Server for Windows ............................................................. 12
2.1.1 Acronis Universal Restore installation.......................................................................... 13
2.2 Extracting Acronis True Image Server for Windows ............................................................ 13
2.3 Running Acronis True Image Server for Windows............................................................... 13
2.4 Removing Acronis True Image Server for Windows ............................................................ 13
Chapter 3. General information and proprietary Acronis technologies ................14
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
The difference between file archives and disk/partition images ........................................... 14
Full, incremental and differential backups.......................................................................... 14
Acronis Secure Zone........................................................................................................ 15
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager ................................................................................... 16
3.4.1 How it works ............................................................................................................ 16
3.4.2 How to use .............................................................................................................. 16
3.5 Acronis Snap Restore....................................................................................................... 16
3.5.1 How it works ............................................................................................................ 16
3.5.2 How to use .............................................................................................................. 17
3.6 Acronis Universal Restore................................................................................................. 17
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.7.3
3.7.4
How to use .............................................................................................................. 18
Using Acronis Universal Restore in virtual environment ................................................ 19
Hints on using Acronis Universal Restore .................................................................... 19
Benefits ................................................................................................................... 20
3.7 Using dynamic disks and volumes..................................................................................... 20
3.8 Backing up to tape drive .................................................................................................. 20
3.9 Viewing disk and partition information .............................................................................. 21
Chapter 4. Using Acronis True Image Server for Windows...................................22
4.1 Main program window ..................................................................................................... 22
4.2 Available operations ........................................................................................................ 24
Chapter 5. Creating backup archives ....................................................................26
5.1 Backing up files and folders (file backup) .......................................................................... 26
5.2 Backing up disks and partitions (image backup)................................................................. 30
5.3 Setting backup options .................................................................................................... 32
5.3.1 Archive protection..................................................................................................... 33
5.3.2 Source files exclusion ................................................................................................ 33
5.3.3 Pre/post commands .................................................................................................. 33
5.3.4 Database support ..................................................................................................... 34
5.3.5 Compression level..................................................................................................... 35
5.3.6 Backup performance ................................................................................................. 35
5.3.7 Fast incremental/differential backup ........................................................................... 36
5.3.8 Archive splitting........................................................................................................ 36
5.3.9 File-level security settings.......................................................................................... 37
5.3.10 Media components .................................................................................................. 37
5.3.11 Additional settings................................................................................................... 38
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Chapter 6. Restoring the backup data ..................................................................39
6.1 Restore under Windows or boot from CD?......................................................................... 39
6.1.1 Network settings in rescue mode ............................................................................... 39
6.2 Restoring files and folders from file archives...................................................................... 40
6.3 Restoring disks/partitions or files from images ................................................................... 43
6.3.1 Starting the Restore Data Wizard ............................................................................... 43
6.3.2 Archive selection....................................................................................................... 43
6.3.3 Restoration type selection ......................................................................................... 44
6.3.4 Selecting a disk/partition to restore ............................................................................ 45
6.3.5 Selecting a target disk/partition.................................................................................. 45
6.3.6 Changing the restored partition type .......................................................................... 46
6.3.7 Changing the restored partition file system ................................................................. 47
6.3.8 Changing the restored partition size and location......................................................... 47
6.3.9 Assigning a letter to the restored partition .................................................................. 48
6.3.10 Restoring several disks or partitions at once .............................................................. 48
6.3.11 Using Acronis Universal Restore ............................................................................... 48
6.3.12 Setting restore options ............................................................................................ 49
6.3.13 Restoration summary and executing restoration ........................................................ 50
6.4 Setting restore options .................................................................................................... 50
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.4.6
6.4.7
Files to exclude from restoration ................................................................................ 50
Files overwriting mode .............................................................................................. 51
Pre/post commands .................................................................................................. 51
Restoration priority ................................................................................................... 51
File-level security settings.......................................................................................... 51
Driver search location ............................................................................................... 51
Additional settings .................................................................................................... 52
Chapter 7. Scheduling tasks ..................................................................................53
7.1 Creating scheduled tasks ................................................................................................. 53
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.1.3
7.1.4
Setting up daily execution ......................................................................................... 54
Setting up weekly execution ...................................................................................... 55
Setting up monthly execution..................................................................................... 56
Setting up one-time execution ................................................................................... 56
7.2 Managing scheduled tasks ............................................................................................... 57
Chapter 8. Managing Acronis Secure Zone ...........................................................58
8.1 Creating Acronis Secure Zone........................................................................................... 58
8.2 Resizing Acronis Secure Zone ........................................................................................... 59
8.3 Deleting Acronis Secure Zone........................................................................................... 59
Chapter 9. Creating bootable media .....................................................................61
9.1 Creating Acronis rescue media ......................................................................................... 61
9.2 Creating Win PE ISO with Acronis True Image Server for Windows...................................... 62
Chapter 10. Other operations................................................................................64
10.1 Validating backup archives ............................................................................................. 64
10.2 Operation results notification.......................................................................................... 64
10.2.1 Email notification .................................................................................................... 65
10.2.2 WinPopup notification.............................................................................................. 65
10.3 Viewing logs ................................................................................................................. 66
10.4 Event tracing ................................................................................................................ 67
10.4.1 Windows event log.................................................................................................. 67
10.4.2 SNMP notifications .................................................................................................. 68
10.5 Managing System Restore .............................................................................................. 68
Chapter 11. Mounting an image as a virtual drive ................................................69
11.1 Mounting an image........................................................................................................ 69
11.2 Unmounting an image ................................................................................................... 71
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Chapter 12. Transferring the system to a new disk ..............................................72
12.1 General information....................................................................................................... 72
12.2 Security........................................................................................................................ 72
12.3 Executing transfers........................................................................................................ 73
12.3.1 Selecting Clone mode .............................................................................................. 73
12.3.2 Selecting source disk............................................................................................... 73
12.3.3 Selecting destination disk ........................................................................................ 74
12.3.4 Partitioned destination disk ...................................................................................... 75
12.3.5 Old and new disk partition layout ............................................................................. 75
12.3.6 Old disk data .......................................................................................................... 75
12.3.7 Destroying the old disk data..................................................................................... 76
12.3.8 Selecting partition transfer method........................................................................... 77
12.3.9 Partitioning the old disk ........................................................................................... 78
12.3.10 Old and new disk partition layouts .......................................................................... 78
12.3.11 Cloning summary .................................................................................................. 79
12.4 Cloning with manual partitioning..................................................................................... 79
12.4.1 Old and new disk partition layouts............................................................................ 79
Chapter 13. Adding a new hard disk .....................................................................81
13.1 Selecting a hard disk ..................................................................................................... 81
13.2 Creating new partitions .................................................................................................. 81
13.3 Disk add summary......................................................................................................... 82
Chapter 14. Command-line mode and scripting....................................................83
14.1 Working in the command-line mode................................................................................ 83
14.1.1 Supported commands.............................................................................................. 83
14.1.2 trueimagecmd.exe usage examples .......................................................................... 88
14.1.3 Command-line mode usage under DOS..................................................................... 89
14.2 Scripting....................................................................................................................... 89
14.2.1 Script execution parameters..................................................................................... 89
14.2.2 Script structure ....................................................................................................... 90
14.2.3 Script usage examples............................................................................................. 91
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 Acronis True Image Server for Windows – a complete solution for
corporate users
You have come to rely on your servers to run your business and retain key enterprise data.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows provides comprehensive, reliable, and cost-effective
system backup and recovery for corporate servers. With Acronis True Image Server for
Windows you have peace of mind knowing you are protected and can recover from any
situation.
Minimizes downtime
Acronis True Image Server for Windows enables you to restore systems in minutes, not
hours or days. An entire system can be restored from an image that includes everything the
system needs to run: the operating system, applications, databases, and configurations. No
reinstallation or reconfiguration is required. Moreover, complete system restoration can be
performed to an existing system or to a new system with different hardware or to virtual
machines. With the new Acronis Snap Restore feature, users can access a system during
restore, further decreasing downtime. File-based backups provide you with the flexibility to
only backup specific critical files.
Eases Administration
Wizards guide users through backup and recovery tasks, ensuring the product can be
implemented with minimal user training.
Automates Backup
With the scheduling capability in Acronis True Image Server for Windows, you simply create
backup tasks, tailored by group, at certain times or at certain events, automating backups.
To ensure that backups have occurred, or user intervention is required, you can request
notifications via email or pop-up. You can view Acronis events in Windows Application Events
Log or Acronis own log. Log messages can be automatically sent out to SNMP clients.
The product also supports the creation of custom commands before and after backups. For
example, users can automatically run anti-virus products before an image is created and
verify the validity of backups after they have been created.
Ensures 24 X 7 Uptime
With the Acronis Drive Snapshot, systems can be imaged while they are in use, supporting
24 by 7 availability. This technology enables the product to backup and image critical
operating system files, the master boot record and any partition-based boot records without
requiring a reboot. A CPU allocation feature allows you to limit the amount of CPU usage for
the application to maximize the CPU’s availability for mission critical applications. Moreover,
users can control hard disk drive writing speeds and control network bandwidth used during
backups, allowing minimal disruption of business operations.
A several-second database suspension is provided for correct backup of mission critical
applications such as Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle with
support VSS. If your database or operating system does not support VSS, Acronis True
Image Server for Windows will execute your custom commands to realize database
suspension.
Supports Cutting Edge Technology
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
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Businesses today are moving to leverage the latest technologies, dual-core 64 bit processors
and 64 bit operating systems. With Acronis True Image Server for Windows, you can protect
these new machines, as well as legacy ones, running one solution.
Leverages Existing Technology Investments
The product can leverage your current storage infrastructure by supporting a wide variety of
storage media, so you can avoid costly hardware purchases to implement the solution. The
product supports key storage technologies such as: Direct Attached Storage (DAS), Network
Attached Storage (NAS), Storage Area Networks (SAN), Redundant Arrays of Independent
Disks (RAID) devices, tapes, USB and IEEE-1394 (FireWire) compliant storage devices, CDs,
DVDs, removable drives (Floppy, Zip, etc.) and shared storage. Moreover, the product
ensures that you maximize the space on these resources with four levels of compression.
Disk cloning and new disk deployment
Acronis True Image Server for Windows can be used to clone an image onto multiple
servers. For example, a company purchased several servers and needs similar environments
on each of them. Traditionally, an IT manager should install the operating system and
programs on every server. With Acronis True Image Server for Windows, the IT manager
can create a disk image of the first system deployed. That image can then be duplicated
onto multiple servers.
If you need to upgrade the server hard disk drive, Acronis True Image Server for Windows
simplifies the task to few mouse clicks creating the exact copy of your old disk to a new one
and adjusting partitions size to fit a new hard disk.
1.2 New in Acronis True Image 9.1 Server for Windows
•
Support for Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows Server 2003 x64
Editions
•
Direct backup to DVD and bootable DVD creation
•
Support for GPT hard disks (disks with GUID partition table)
•
Backup to/restore from FTP servers
•
Acronis Snap Restore – A user can start working in seconds while the system is still
being restored
•
Acronis Universal Restore (optional) – Hardware-independent live system restore
•
File-level backup and recovery, including files opened in exclusive usage mode - In
addition to an entire partition/system backup
•
Differential backup – Backup only the changes made since the full backup
•
Fast incremental/differential backup – Users can choose to compare files with their
archived copies by date/size (fast process) or by file contents (precise, but timeconsuming process)
•
Files and folders backup/restore filtering – Saves space when creating file backups
by only backing up files of the types the users want to keep. Similarly, a user can tell the
program not to restore certain files from the file archive
•
Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) support (for Windows 2003 Server
and higher) – Easily backup VSS compatible databases (Exchange, Oracle, SQL Server)
without taking databases offline and ensuring data consistency
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
•
Pre/post backup/restore commands – Users can specify their own commands which
will be executed before and after the backup or restore process. For example, one might
want to remove some temporary files from the disk before starting a backup or configure
a third party antivirus product to be started each time before the backup starts
•
User-editable default backup options – Users can configure and save backup
parameters, such as backup performance (hard disk writing speed, network bandwidth
during backups), validate backup archive after backup completion, file-level security
settings (preserving files’ security settings in the archive, storing encrypted files in
encrypted or decrypted state)
•
User-editable default restore options – Users can configure and save restore
parameters, such as files overwriting mode, the original or current date and time for
restored files etc.
•
Read-write mode of mounting images
•
Bootable backup media – When backing up to removable media, users can make this
media bootable in the same manner as a rescue CD, so separate recover media is not
required
•
Bootable disks ISOs and RIS packages – In addition to burning a bootable rescue
disk, users can save its ISO image for burning later, or create a RIS package for remote
boot of Acronis True Image Server for Windows
•
Windows Event Log and SNMP support – Store event log messages, issued by
Acronis True Image Server for Windows, to Windows Event Log or send them to SNMP
clients
•
Manage System Restore tool (for Windows 2003 Server and higher) – Turn on/off the
Windows native System Restore tool directly from Acronis True Image Server for
Windows
•
Context Help
1.4 System requirements and supported media
1.4.1 Minimum system requirements
Acronis True Image Server for Windows requires the following hardware:
•
Pentium processor or higher
•
256 MB RAM
•
FDD or CD-RW drive for bootable media creation
•
Mouse (recommended).
1.4.2 Supported operating systems
Acronis True Image Server for Windows
•
Windows NT 4.0 Workstation SP6/2000 Professional SP4/XP Professional SP2
•
Windows NT 4.0 Server SP6/2000 Server/2000 Advanced Server/2003 Server
•
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions
Acronis Universal Restore (optional)
•
Windows 2000 Professional SP4/XP Professional SP2
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
9
•
Windows 2000 Server/2000 Advanced Server/2003 Server
•
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions
Acronis True Image Server for Windows also enables creating a bootable diskette or CD-R/W
that can back-up and restore a disk/partition on a computer running any PC-based operating
system including Linux®.
1.4.3 Supported file systems
•
FAT16/32
•
NTFS
•
Ext2/Ext3
•
ReiserFS
•
Reiser4
•
Linux SWAP
•
XFS
•
JFS
If a file system is not supported or is corrupted, Acronis True Image Server for Windows can
copy data using a sector-by-sector approach.
For XFS and JFS file systems the partition resizing feature is not supported.
1.4.4 Supported storage media
•
Hard disk drives
•
Networked storage devices such as Storage Area Networks (SANs) and Network Attached
Storage (NAS)
•
SCSI tape drives
•
IDE and SCSI RAID controllers of any level
•
FTP-servers*
•
CD-R/RW, DVD-R/RW, DVD+R (including double-layer DVD+R), DVD+RW, DVD-RAM**
•
USB 1.0 / 2.0, FireWire (IEEE-1394) and PC card storage devices
•
ZIP®, Jaz® and other removable media
* - an FTP-server must allow passive mode for file transfers. Data recovery directly from
FTP-server requires the archive to consist of files no more than 2 GB in size.
** - Burned write-once discs cannot be read in Windows NT 4 without third-party software.
Burned rewritable discs cannot be read in Linux without kernel patch.
1.5 Technical support
Users of legally purchased copies of Acronis True Image Server for Windows are entitled to
free technical support from Acronis. If you experience problems installing or using Acronis
products that you can’t solve yourself by using this guide, then please contact Acronis
Technical Support.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
More information about contacting Acronis Technical Support is available at the following
link: http://www.acronis.com/enterprise/support/
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
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Chapter 2. Acronis True Image Server for
Windows installation and starting
2.1 Installing Acronis True Image Server for Windows
To install Acronis True Image Server for Windows:
•
run the Acronis True Image Server for Windows setup file
•
in the Install Menu, select the program to install: Acronis True Image Server for Windows
•
follow the Install Wizard instructions on the screen.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows Install Window
Typical, Custom and Complete installation is available. Having pressed Custom, you can
choose to install, besides Acronis True Image Server for Windows, Rescue Media Builder
and Bart PE plug-in.
With Rescue Media Builder you can create bootable rescue disks or RIS packages (see
details in Chapter 9. Creating bootable media). You might not need this tool if you
purchased a boxed product that contains a bootable CD. Installing the Bootable Rescue
Media Builder will allow you to create bootable media, its ISO image or a bootable RIS
package at any time from the main program window or running Bootable Rescue Media
Builder on its own.
The well-known Bart PE utility is used to boot into a Windows-like environment from CD.
Applications are installed into Bart PE in the form of plug-ins. Choosing Bart PE plug-in
installation (disabled by default) provides the ability to include Acronis True Image Server for
Windows into a Bart PE plug-in tab. The plug-in files will be placed to the installation folder
along with other program files.
When installed, Acronis True Image Server for Windows creates a new device in the Device
Manager list (Control Panel -> System -> Hardware -> Device Manager -> Acronis
Devices -> Acronis TrueImage Backup Archive Explorer). Do not disable or uninstall
this device, as it is necessary for connecting image archives as virtual disks (see Chapter 11.
Mounting an image as a virtual drive).
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
2.1.1 Acronis Universal Restore installation
Acronis Universal Restore is an option to Acronis True Image Server for Windows. It should
be purchased separately and installed from a separate setup file.
Acronis Universal Restore can only be installed on a computer where at least one of the
following Acronis components is installed:
Acronis True Image Server for Windows
Bootable Media Builder.
Acronis Universal Restore can be installed on a networked computer either locally, by
running the setup program, or remotely using one of remote installation services, for
example, Systems Management Server (a component of Microsoft Windows NT BackOffice
program package).
After installation, Acronis Universal Restore automatically plugs in one or more of above
program components. Acronis True Image Server for Windows name, displayed in its main
window, changes to Acronis True Image Server for Windows with Universal Restore.
2.2 Extracting Acronis True Image Server for Windows
When installing Acronis True Image Server for Windows, you can save the setup (.msi) file
on a local or network drive. This will help when modifying or recovering the existing
component installation.
To save a setup file:
•
run the Acronis True Image Server for Windows setup file;
•
in the Install Menu, right-click on the program name and select Extract;
•
select a location for the setup file and click Save.
2.3 Running Acronis True Image Server for Windows
You can run Acronis True Image Server for Windows in Windows by selecting Start ->
Programs -> Acronis -> Acronis True Image Server for Windows -> Acronis True
Image Server for Windows or clicking on the appropriate shortcut on the desktop.
If your operating system does not load for some reason, you can run Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager. However, this must be activated prior to use; see 3.4 Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager to learn more about this procedure. To run the program, press F11 during
server bootup, when you see a corresponding message that tells you to press that key.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows will be run in the standalone mode, allowing you to
recover the damaged partitions.
If your disk data is totally corrupted and you cannot boot (or if you have not activated
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager), load the standalone Acronis True Image Server for
Windows version from the bootable media (supplied with the retail box or created by you
using Rescue Media Builder) or RIS-server. Then you will be able to restore the disk from its
previously created image.
2.4 Removing Acronis True Image Server for Windows
Select Control panel -> Add or remove programs -> <Acronis True Image Server
for Windows> -> Remove. Then follow instructions on the screen. You may have to
reboot your computer afterwards to complete the task.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
13
Chapter 3.
General information
proprietary Acronis technologies
and
3.1 The difference between file archives and disk/partition images
A backup archive is a file or a group of files (also called in this Guide “backups”), that
contains a copy of selected files/folders data or a copy of all information stored on selected
disks/partitions.
When you back up files and folders, only the data, along with the folder tree, are
compressed and stored.
Backing up disks and partitions is performed in a different way: Acronis True Image Server
for Windows stores a sector-by-sector snapshot of the disk, which includes the operating
system, registry, drivers, software applications and data files, as well as system areas hidden
from the user. This procedure is called “creating a disk image,” and the resulting backup
archive is often called a disk/partition image.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows stores only those hard disk parts that contain data
(for supported file systems). Further, it does not back up swap file information (pagefile.sys)
and hiberfil.sys (a file that keeps RAM contents when the computer goes into hibernation).
This reduces image size and speeds up image creation and restoration.
A partition image includes all files and folders independent of their attributes (including
hidden and system files), boot record, FAT (file allocation table), root and the zero track of
the hard disk with master boot record (MBR).
A disk image includes images of all disk partitions as well as the zero track with master boot
record (MBR).
By default, files in all Acronis True Image Server for Windows archives have a “.tib”
extension.
It is important to note that you can restore files and folders not only from file archives, but
from disk/partition images, too. To do so, mount the image as a virtual disk (see Chapter 11.
Mounting an image as a virtual drive) or start the image restoration and select Restore
specified files or folders.
3.2 Full, incremental and differential backups
Acronis True Image Server for Windows can create full, incremental and differential backups.
A full backup contains all data at the moment of backup creation. It forms a base for
further incremental or differential backup or is used as a standalone archive. A full backup
has the shortest restore time as compared to incremental or differential ones.
An incremental backup file only contains data changed since the last full or incremental
backup creation. Therefore, it is smaller and takes less time to create. But as it doesn’t
contain all data, all the previous incremental backups and the initial full backup are required
for restoration.
Unlike incremental backup, when every backup procedure creates the next file in a “chain,” a
differential backup creates an independent file, containing all changes against the initial
full archive. Generally, a differential backup will be restored faster than an incremental one,
as it does not have to process through a long chain of previous backups.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
A standalone full backup may be an optimal solution if you often roll back the system to the
initial state (like in a gaming club or Internet café, to undo changes made by the guests). In
this case, you need not re-create the initial full image, so the backup time is not crucial, and
the restore time will be minimal.
Alternatively, if you are interested in saving only the last data state to be able to restore it in
case of system failure, consider the differential backup. It is particularly effective if your data
changes tend to be little as compared to the full data volume.
The same is true for incremental backup. In addition, it is most useful when you need
frequent backups and possibility to roll back to any of stored states. Having created a full
backup once, if you then create an incremental backup each day of a month, you will get the
same result as if you created full backups every day. However, the cost in time and disk
space (or removable media usage) will be as little as one tenth as much.
It is important to note that the above arguments are nothing but examples for your
information. Feel free to make up your own backup policy in accordance with your specific
tasks and conditions. Acronis True Image Server for Windows is flexible enough to meet any
real-life demands.
An incremental or differential backup created after a disk is defragmented might be
considerably larger than usual. This is because the defragmentation program changes file
locations on disk and the backups reflect these changes. Therefore, it is recommended that
you re-create a full backup after disk defragmentation.
3.3 Acronis Secure Zone
The Acronis Secure Zone is a special hidden partition for storing archives on the computer
system itself. For archive security purposes, ordinary applications cannot access it. In the
Acronis True Image Server for Windows Wizards’ windows the zone is listed along with all
partitions available for storing archives. Acronis Secure Zone is necessary for using Acronis
Startup Recovery Manager and Acronis Snap Restore features (see below).
Acronis Secure Zone is always available for archive creation as long as there is space for the
backup file. If there is not enough space, older archives will be deleted to create space.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows uses the following scheme to clean up Acronis
Secure Zone:
•
If there is not enough free space in the zone to create a backup, the program deletes the
oldest full backup with all subsequent incremental/differential backups.
•
If there is only one full backup (with subsequent incremental/differential backups) left
and a full backup is in progress, then the old full backup and incremental/differential
backups are deleted.
•
Otherwise, (only one full backup left, and an incremental/differential backup is in
progress) you will get a message about space error. In that case you will have to either
re-create the full backup or increase Acronis Secure Zone.
Thus, you can back up data automatically on a schedule (see Chapter 7. Scheduling tasks),
and not worry about zone overflow issues. However, if you keep long chains of incremental
backups, it will be a good practice to periodically check the zone free space, indicated on the
second page of the Manage Acronis Secure Zone wizard.
For information on how to create, resize or delete Acronis Secure Zone using this wizard, see
in Chapter 8. Managing Acronis Secure Zone.
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3.4 Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
3.4.1 How it works
The Acronis Startup Recovery Manager enables starting Acronis True Image Server for
Windows without loading the operating system. With this feature, if the operating system
won't load for some reason, you can run Acronis True Image Server for Windows by itself to
restore damaged partitions. As opposed to booting from Acronis removable media or RIS
server, you will not need a separate media or network connection to start Acronis True
Image Server for Windows.
3.4.2 How to use
To be able to use Acronis Startup Recovery Manager at boot time, prepare as follows:
1. Install Acronis True Image Server for Windows.
2. Create Acronis Secure Zone on the server hard disk (see Chapter 8. Managing Acronis
Secure Zone).
3. Activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager. To do so, click Activate Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager and follow the Wizard’s instructions.
If you try to activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager while Acronis Secure Zone is missing
from the system, you will be prompted to create the zone, then Acronis Startup Recovery
Manager will be activated. Otherwise, Acronis Startup Recovery Manager will be activated
immediately.
When Acronis Startup Recovery Manager is activated, it overwrites the master boot record
(MBR) with its own boot code. If you have any third-party boot managers installed, you will
have to reactivate them after activating the Startup Recovery Manager. For Linux loaders
(e.g. LiLo and GRUB), you might consider installing them to a Linux root (or boot) partition
boot record instead of MBR before activating Acronis Startup Recovery Manager.
If failure occurs, turn on the computer and press F11 when you see the "Press F11 for
Acronis Startup Recovery Manager" message. This will run a standalone version of Acronis
True Image Server for Windows that only slightly differs from the complete version. For
information on restoring damaged partitions, see Chapter 6. Restoring the backup data.
Be careful! Disk letters in standalone Acronis True Image Server for Windows might
sometimes differ from the way Windows identifies drives. For example, the D: drive
identified in the standalone Acronis True Image might correspond to the E: drive in
Windows.
3.5 Acronis Snap Restore
With this feature you can boot the OS on a crashed computer before the system is
completely restored from an image, and start work seconds after the restoration is launched.
The restoration will be continued in the background.
This feature is currently available for images being restored from the Acronis Secure Zone
(see above). Naturally, Acronis Snap Restore cannot be used if the image contains no
operating system (a logical partition or disk image) or when restoring file archives.
3.5.1 How it works
When the restoration procedure is started, Acronis True Image Server for Windows:
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1. Finds the sectors in the image which contain system files, and restores these sectors first.
Thus, the OS is restored and can be started in a very short timeframe. Having started the
OS, the user sees the folder tree with files, though file contents still is not recovered.
Nevertheless, the user can start working.
2. Writes on the hard disk its own drivers, which intercept system queries to the files. When
the user opens files or launches applications, the drivers receive the system queries and
restore the sectors that are necessary for the current operation.
3. At the same time, Acronis True Image Server for Windows proceeds with the complete
sector-by-sector image restoration in the background. However, the system requested
sectors have the highest priority.
Finally, the image will be fully restored even if the user performs no actions at all. But if you
choose to start working as soon as possible after the system failure, you will gain at least
several minutes, considering that restoration of a 10-20 GB image (most common image
size) takes about 10 minutes. The larger the image size, the more time you save.
3.5.2 How to use
To be able to use Acronis Snap Restore in case of system crash, prepare as follows:
1. Install Acronis True Image Server for Windows.
2. Create Acronis Secure Zone on the server hard disk (see Chapter 8. Managing Acronis
Secure Zone).
3. Activate Acronis Startup Recovery manager (see 3.4 Acronis Startup Recovery Manager)
and create bootable media or RIS package with Acronis True Image Server for Windows (see
Chapter 9. Creating bootable media).
4. Back up (image) the computer’s system disk to Acronis Secure Zone (see 5.2 Backing up
disks and partitions (image backup)). You can back up other disks/partitions as well, but the
system image is mandatory.
When performing Snap Restore, the current Acronis True Image Server for Windows version
always restores the entire system disk. Therefore, if your system disk consists of several
partitions, all of them must be included into the image. Any partitions which are missing
from the image will be lost.
If failure occurs, boot the server from the bootable media, or RIS server, or using F11. Start
the recovery procedure (see 6.3 Restoring disks/partitions or files from images), select the
system disk image from Acronis Secure Zone, choose Use Snap Restore and in the next
window click Proceed. In a few seconds the computer will reboot to the restored system.
Log in and start work – no more reboots or other actions are required.
You can perform Snap Restore running Acronis True Image Server for Windows in supported
Windows Server operating systems as well. However, it is mandatory to have bootable media
in case Windows cannot boot.
3.6 Acronis Universal Restore
A system disk image can be deployed easily on the hardware where it was created.
However, if you change, for example, a motherboard or use another processor version,
which is likely in case of hardware failure, the restored system could be unbootable. An
attempt to transfer the system to a new, much more powerful computer will usually produce
the same unbootable result because the new hardware is incompatible with the most critical
drivers included in the image.
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Using Microsoft System Preparation Tool (Sysprep) does not solve this problem, because
Sysprep permits replacing drivers only for Plug-and-Play devices (sound cards, network
adapters, video cards etc.). As for system Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) and mass
storage device drivers, they must be identical on the source and the target computers (see
Microsoft Knowledge Base, articles 302577 and 216915).
Acronis Universal Restore technology provides an efficient solution for hardware-independent
system restoration by replacing the crucial Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) and mass
storage devices drivers.
Acronis Universal Restore allows automatic or manual selection of the HAL and mass storage
device drivers to fit the target hardware. It is important to note, that the primary goal of
Acronis Universal Restore is to boot the restored system. The current version of this product
handles only HAL and mass storage device drivers and does not install drivers for other
devices (sound cards, network adapters, video cards etc.). Once the restored system starts,
Windows takes control and initiates the usual first-start process. At this point, you will be
able to specify drivers for other devices if Windows cannot find them automatically.
Acronis Universal Restore does not conflict with Microsoft System Preparation Tool
(Sysprep). If you got accustomed to using Sysprep, you can use both tools on the same
system.
Acronis Universal Restore is an add-on to Acronis True Image Server for Windows. It is
purchased separately and installed from a separate setup file. Acronis Universal Restore can
only be installed on a computer where at least one of the following Acronis components is
installed:
Acronis True Image Server for Windows
Acronis Bootable Media Builder.
3.7.1 How to use
1. Boot the target computer into Acronis recovery environment from the bootable media, or
RIS server, or using F11.
2. Start the recovery procedure (see 6.3 Restoring disks/partitions or files from images) and
select the image of the source computer for restoration.
3. You can specify Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) and mass storage devices drivers to be
used by the restored system and/or provide a path to a driver repository on the network.
Hence, Acronis Universal Restore uses three sources for drivers search: the list of userspecified (enforced) drivers, driver repository, and the Windows default driver storage
folders (in the image being restored). The program will find the most suitable drivers of all
available and install them into the restored system. However, the user-defined drivers will
have the priority. They will be installed, with appropriate warning, even if the program finds
the better driver.
The Windows default driver storage folders are determined in the registry key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Current
version\DevicePath.
Generally, it is WINDOWS/inf folder. Generally, it is WINDOWS/inf folder.
4. When the restore process runs, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will:
- detect the machine type and install appropriate driver for HAL
- detect IDE and SCSI controllers and install appropriate drivers. If no appropriate drivers are
found in all three above sources, the user will be prompted to browse the following locations
for the drivers:
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Network share drive
Floppy disk
CD drive
5. The machine reboots.
6. Windows takes control and initiates the usual first-start process.
The recovery procedure can proceed under Windows as well (for example, if the operating
system is loaded from the C: drive, the system partition of the other computer can be
restored from an image to the D: drive). In this case, the user prompt for driver search on
Network-Floppy-CD will not be issued. If a compatible driver cannot be found, Windows will
suggest to ignore it or cancel restoration.
3.7.2 Using Acronis Universal Restore in virtual environment
Virtual machine technologies provide a powerful tool to help accelerate the development,
testing, deployment and support of PC applications. Using Acronis True Image Server for
Windows with Acronis Universal Restore you can perform real-to-virtual and virtual-to-real
computer migration in the same way as with real systems.
If the virtual hard drive uses SCSI controller, you should provide appropriate drivers while
performing system restore to the virtual machine. For example, the widespread VMware
environment requires Buslogic or LSI logic drivers. Use drivers bundled with your virtual
machine software or download the latest drivers versions from the software manufacturer
website.
3.7.3 Hints on using Acronis Universal Restore
1. The system recovered by Acronis Universal Restore may not start if the partition structure
in the image or the target disk partitioning does not coincide with that of the source disk. As
a result, the loader, restored from the image, will point to the wrong partition and the
system will not boot or will malfunction.
Such might be the case if you:
- image not the entire source disk, but only the selected partitions
Keep in mind, that the source disk may have a hidden maintenance partition created by the
computer vendor. Therefore, if you check each partition for backup instead of checking the
disk, this hidden partition will not be included into the image.
- restore not the entire source disk, but only the selected partitions. In some cases,
especially if your system resides on other than the first partition, this can confuse the loader
and prevent the restored system from startup.
To avoid the problem, we recommend that you image and restore the entire system disk.
2. When migrating to RAID, be sure to provide an appropriate driver for the RAID controller,
otherwise a basic HDD driver will be installed.
3. Acronis Universal Restore option is not available when restoring dynamic disks and
volumes.
4. The Acronis Universal Restore option does not work if a computer is booted with Acronis
Startup Recovery Manager (using F11) or the backup image is located in Acronis Secure
Zone. This is because Acronis Startup Recovery Manager and Acronis Secure Zone are
primarily meant for instant data recovery on the same computer.
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3.7.4 Benefits
1. Acronis Universal Restore can be used “after the fact”: it is not necessary to create an
image with the option, you can restore any image to different hardware.
2. Acronis Universal Restore allows the user to exactly specify drivers during restore,
enabling their maximum compatibility with the hardware.
3. Acronis Universal Restore does not strip security identifier (SID) and user profile settings.
This means that you will not need to re-join your domain or re-map network user profiles
after a restore.
4. Acronis Universal Restore supports a driver repository to centrally store all drivers so users
don’t need to go looking for them.
3.7 Using dynamic disks and volumes
Acronis True Image Server for Windows supports dynamic disks, i.e. disks, managed by
Windows Logical Disk Manager (LDM). You can create an image of one or more dynamic
volumes of any type (simple, spanned, stripped etc.) and restore it to a dynamic volume of
any type or MBR volume (partition) and vice versa, restore an MBR volume image to a
dynamic volume. In each case, the program stores and restores volume contents only. The
type or other properties of the target volume will not be changed.
However, the partition resize is possible when you restore a dynamic volume to a basic disk
partition.
If Acronis True Image Server for Windows runs in rescue mode (for example, booted from
Bootable Rescue media), dynamic disks will not be accessible. Therefore, to be able to repair
a system partition, you must keep its image on a basic, network, or removable disk.
3.8 Backing up to tape drive
Acronis True Image Server for Windows supports SCSI tape drives. It can store backups on
the tape and restore data from the tape, store large backups to multiple tapes, and append
incremental/differential changes to a tape with the existing archives.
If a SCSI tape drive is connected to the server, the list of devices available for backup
storage will be extended with a name corresponding to the drive type.
Backup and restore on the tape proceed in the same way as with other devices, with the
following exceptions.
1. A full backup can be stored on an empty tape only. If you use tape that already contains
data, its contents will be overwritten.
2. In case you want to keep more than one archive on the tape, for example, back up two
disks separately, choose incremental backup mode instead of a full backup when you create
an initial backup for the second disk. In other situations, incremental backup is used for
appending changes to the previously created archive.
3. You do not have to provide filenames for backups.
You might experience short pauses that are required to rewind the tape.
Low-quality or old tape, as well as dirt on the magnetic head, might lead to pauses that can
last up to several minutes.
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3.9 Viewing disk and partition information
You can change the way of data representation in all schemes you see in various wizards.
To the right are three icons: Arrange Icons by, Choose Details and i (Display the
properties of the selected item), the last duplicated in the context menu invoked by
right-clicking objects.
To sort messages by a particular column, click the header (another click will switch the
messages to the opposite order) or Arrange Icons by button and select the column.
To select columns to view, right-click the headers line or left-click the Choose Details
button. Then flag the columns you want to display.
If you click the i (Display the properties of the selected item) button, you will see the
selected partition or disk properties window.
This window contains two panels. The left panel contains the properties tree and the right
describes the selected property in detail. The disk information includes its physical
parameters (connection type, device type, size, etc.); partition information includes both
physical (sectors, location, etc.), and logical (file system, free space, assigned letter, etc.)
parameters.
You can change the width of a column by dragging its borders with the mouse.
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Chapter 4. Using Acronis True Image Server
for Windows
Acronis True Image Server for Windows supports the command-line mode for data backup
and restore, as well as the GUI mode, and can be used to execute XML scripts. Here we
describe the operations available in GUI mode, which provides more functionality. For
console commands and scripting see Chapter 14. Command-line mode and scripting.
4.1 Main program window
The main program window contains the menu, the toolbar, the sidebar, the Active Tasks
pane and the main area. The main area contains operation icons, while the sidebar features
Tools and Help panels.
Most of the operations are represented two or even three times in different window areas,
providing several ways to select them for more convenience. For example, you can start the
necessary operation or tool by clicking its icon in the main area or by selecting the same
item from the Operations or Tools menu.
The main window contains operation icons divided into two groups.
The Task group contains the following operations:
•
Backup – create a backup archive
•
Recovery – restore data from a previously created archive
•
Clone Disk – transfer the OS, applications and data from the old disk to the new one
•
Add New Disk – add a new disk for data storage leaving the OS and applications on the
old one.
The Tools group contains the following items:
•
Mount Image – connect a disk/partition image as a virtual drive
•
Unmount Image – disconnect the connected virtual drive
•
Validate Backup Archive – run the archive integrity checking procedure
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•
Show Log – open the Log Viewer window
•
Manage Acronis Secure Zone – create, delete and resize a special hidden partition for
storing archives (Acronis Secure Zone)
•
Activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager – activate the boot restoration
manager (F11 key).
•
Manage System Restore – turn on/off Microsoft Windows System Restore tool and set
its options directly from Acronis True Image Server for Windows
Program menu
The program menu bar features the Operations, View, Tools and Help items.
The Operations menu contains a list of the available operations, including scheduling tasks.
The View menu contains items for managing the program window look:
•
Toolbars – contains commands that control toolbar icons
•
Common Task Bar – enables/disables the sidebar
•
Status Bar – enables/disables the status bar
•
Active tasks – enables/disables the Active Tasks pane at the bottom of the main area.
The Tools menu contains the following items:
•
Manage Acronis Secure Zone – create, delete and resize a special hidden partition for
storing archives (Acronis Secure Zone)
•
Activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager – activate the boot restoration
manager (F11 key)
•
Validate Backup Archive – run the archive integrity checking procedure
•
Create Bootable Rescue Media – run the bootable media creation procedure
•
Show Log – open the Log Viewer window
•
Options – open a window for editing default backup/restore options, setting text
appearance (fonts), configuring email/Winpopup notifications etc.
The Help menu is used to invoke help and obtain information about Acronis True Image
Server for Windows.
Active Tasks pane
The Active Tasks pane displays the scheduled and currently-being-executed tasks. It
features its own toolbar. You can customize this toolbar view by right-clicking on it and
selecting the desired options.
Status bar
At the bottom of the main window, there is a status bar divided into two parts. The left side
briefly describes the selected operation; the right side indicates operation progress and
results. If you double-click on the operation results, you will see the logs window.
Taskbar notification area icon
During most of the operations, a special indicator icon appears in the Windows taskbar
notification area (the right portion of the status bar with the clock). If you mouse over the
icon, you will see a tool tip indicating the operation’s progress. This icon doesn’t depend on
the main program window being open. It is present for background execution of scheduled
tasks as well.
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4.2 Available operations
You can perform the following operations.
•
Backup and restore data, including system disks/partitions
Click Backup or Recovery, then follow the Wizard’s instructions. See details in Chapter 5.
Creating backup archives and Chapter 6. Restoring the backup data.
•
Schedule backup operations
Click the very left button on a tasks pane toolbar, then follow the Wizard’s instructions. See
details in Chapter 7. Scheduling tasks.
•
Set up backup/restore options, such as system/network resources usage,
before/after backup commands etc.
Select Tools -> Options -> Default backup options or Default restoration options
and make settings. See details in 5.3 Setting backup options and 6.4 Setting restore
options.
•
Validate backup archives wherever they reside, be it local, network or
removable media
Click Validate Backup Archive, then follow the Wizard’s instructions. See details in 10.1
Validating backup archives.
•
Set up sending notifications about Acronis True Image Server for Windows
operation and tracing this operation in Windows Application Event Log
Select Tools -> Options -> Notifications or Event tracing and make settings. See
details in 10.2 Operation results notification and 10.4 Event tracing.
•
Browse logs of Acronis True Image Server for Windows operation
Click the very right button on a tasks pane toolbar at the bottom of the window. See details
in 10.3 Viewing logs.
•
Manage Acronis Secure Zone
Click Manage Acronis Secure Zone, then follow the Wizard’s instructions. See details in
Chapter 8. Managing Acronis Secure Zone.
•
Activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager
Click Activate Acronis Startup Recovery Manager, then follow the Wizard’s instructions.
See details in 3.4 Acronis Startup Recovery Manager.
•
Mount partitions’ images to explore and modify their contents, or to restore
individual files
Click Mount image, then follow the Wizard’s instructions. See details in Chapter 11.
Mounting an image as a virtual drive.
•
Unmount previously mounted partition images
Click Unmount image, then follow the Wizard’s instructions. See details in 11.2
Unmounting an image.
•
Transfer the system to a new hard disk
See Chapter 12. Transferring the system to a new disk.
•
Format partitions on a new hard disk
See Chapter 13. Adding a new hard disk.
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•
Turn on/off Windows System Restore tool
See 10.5 Managing System Restore.
•
Create bootable rescue media, its ISO or RIS package
See Chapter 9. Creating bootable media.
Some of the above operations can be executed in command-line as well. For more
information on Acronis True Image Server for Windows command-line mode see 14.1
Working in the command-line mode.
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Chapter 5. Creating backup archives
To be able to restore the lost data or roll back your system to a predetermined state, you
should first create a data or entire-system backup file.
If you are not concerned about restoration of your operating system along with all settings
and applications, but plan to keep safe only certain data (the current project, for example),
choose file/folder backup. This will reduce the archive size, thus saving disk space and
possibly reducing removable media costs.
Backing up the entire system disk (creating a disk image) takes more disk space but enables
you to restore the system in minutes in case of severe data damage or hardware failure.
Moreover, the imaging procedure is much faster than copying files, and may significantly
speed the backup process when it comes to backing up large volumes of data (see details in
3.1 The difference between file archives and disk/partition images).
5.1 Backing up files and folders (file backup)
1. Invoke the Create Backup Wizard by clicking on the backup operation icon in the main
program window.
2. Click Next.
3. Select Backup files and click Next.
4. From the tree pane, select files and folders to back up. You can select a random set of
files, folders, partitions, disks and even computers.
If you select a partition, disk or computer, and archive all its files, including system and
hidden files, the bare-metal restore of that disk (partition, computer) still will not be
possible. You also may not be able to boot the restored operating system. Therefore, it is
recommended that you select only files and folders containing user data. To back up a disk
or partition, use image backup.
5. Click Next.
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6. Set filters for the specific types of files you do not wish to back up. For example, you may
want hidden and system files and folders, as well as files with .~, .tmp and .bak
extensions, not to be stored in the archive.
You can also apply custom filters, using the common Windows masking rules. For example,
to exclude all files with extension .exe, add *.exe mask. My???.exe mask will reject all .exe
files with names consisting of five symbols and starting with “my”.
All of these settings will take effect for the current task. For information on how to set the
default filters that will be called each time you create a file backup task, see 5.3.2 Source
files exclusion.
7. Click Next.
8. Select the name and location of the archive file.
If you are going to create a full backup, type the file name in the File Name line, or use the
file name generator (a button to the right of the line). If you select an existing archive, it will
be overwritten.
If you are going to create an incremental backup (see 3.2 Full, incremental and differential
backup), select the latest full or incremental backup you have.
In fact, if all incremental backup files are stored together, it doesn't matter which one you
select, as the program will recognize them as a single archive. If you stored the files on
several removable disks, you must provide the latest archive file; otherwise, restoration
problems might occur.
If you are going to create a differential backup, select the full backup which will be a base,
or any of the existing differential archives. Either way, the program will create a new
differential archive file.
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The “farther” you store the archive from the original folders, the safer it will be in case of
data damage. For example, saving the archive to another hard disk will protect your data if
the primary disk is damaged. Data saved to a network disk, ftp-server or removable media
will survive even if all your local hard disks are down. You can also use Acronis Secure Zone
(see details in 3.3 Acronis Secure Zone) for storing backups. In that case, you need not
provide the file name.
An FTP server must allow passive mode for file transfers. To enable data recovery directly
from an FTP server, split the archive into files no more than 2 GB in size.
9. Click Next.
10. Select whether you want to create a full, incremental or differential backup. If you have
not backed up the selected files/folders yet, or the full archive seems too old to append
incremental changes to it, choose full backup. Otherwise it is recommended that you create
an incremental or differential backup (see 3.2 Full, incremental and differential backup).
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11. Click Next.
12. Select the backup options (that is, backup file splitting, compression level, password
protection, pre/post backup commands etc.). You may Use default options or Set the
options manually. If the latter is the case, the settings will be applied only to the current
backup task. Alternatively, you can edit the default options from the current screen. Then
your settings will be saved as the defaults. See 5.3 Setting backup options for more
information.
13. Click Next.
14. Provide a comment for the archive. This can help prevent you from restoring the wrong
files. However, you can choose not to make any notes. The backup file size and creation
date are automatically appended to the description, so you do not need to enter this
information.
15. Click Next.
16. At the final step, the backup task summary is displayed. Up to this point, you can click
Back to make changes in the created task. Clicking Proceed will launch the task execution.
17. The task will appear on the Active tasks pane of the main window. The task progress
will be shown in a special window. You can stop the procedure by clicking Cancel.
You can also close the progress window by clicking Hide. The backup creation will continue,
but you will be able to start another operation or close the main program window. In the
latter case, the program will continue working in the background and will automatically close
once the backup archive is ready. If you prepare some more backup operations, they will be
queued after the current one.
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You may want to adjust the backup process priority. To do so, click on the process icon in
the System Tray and select Low, Normal, or High priority from the menu that appears. For
information on how to set the default priority, see 5.3.6 Backup performance.
If you burn an archive to several removable media, be sure to number them, since you will
have to insert them in order during the restoration.
18. You may want to see the log when the task is completed. To view the log, click the
Show Operation Logs button on the toolbar.
5.2 Backing up disks and partitions (image backup)
1. Invoke the Create Backup Wizard by clicking on the backup operation icon in the main
program window.
2. Click Next.
3. Select Backup disks and click Next.
4. Select disks or partitions to back up. You can select a random set of disks and partitions.
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5. Click Next.
6. Select the name and location of the archive file.
If you are going to create a full archive, type the file name in the File Name line, or use the
file name generator (a button to the right of the line). If you select an existing archive, it will
be overwritten.
If you are going to create an incremental backup (see 3.2 Full, incremental and differential
backup), select the latest full or incremental backup you have.
In fact, if all incremental backup files are stored together, it doesn't matter which one you
select, as the program will recognize them as a single archive. If you stored the files on
several removable disks, you must provide the latest archive file; otherwise, restoration
problems might occur.
If you are going to create a differential backup, select the full backup which will be a base,
or any of existing differential archives. Either way, the program will create a new differential
archive file.
The “farther” you store the archive from the original partition, the safer it will be in case of
data damage. For example, saving the archive to another hard disk will protect your data if
your primary disk is damaged. Data saved to a network disk, ftp-server or removable media
will survive even if all your local hard disks are down. You can also use Acronis Secure Zone
(see details in 3.3 Acronis Secure Zone) for storing backups. In that case, you need not
provide the file name.
An FTP server must allow passive mode for file transfers. To enable data recovery directly
from FTP server split the archive to files no more than 2 GB in size.
7. Click Next.
8. Select whether you want to create a full or incremental backup. If you have not backed up
the selected disks/partitions yet, or the full archive seems too old to append incremental
changes to it, choose full backup. Otherwise it is recommended that you create an
incremental or differential backup (see 3.2 Full, incremental and differential backup).
9. Click Next.
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10. Select the backup options (that is, backup file splitting, compression level, password
protection, pre/post backup commands etc.). You may Use default options or Set the
options manually. If the latter is the case, the settings will be applied only to the current
backup task. Alternatively, you can edit the default options from the current screen. Then
your settings will be saved as the defaults. See 5.3 Setting backup options for more
information.
11. Click Next.
12. Provide a comment for the archive. This can help prevent you from restoring the wrong
disk/partition. However, you can choose not to make any notes. The backup file size and
creation date are automatically appended to the description, so you do not need to enter this
information.
13. Click Next.
14. At the final step, the backup task summary is displayed. Up to this point, you can click
Back to make changes in the created task. Clicking Proceed will launch the task execution.
15. The task will appear on the Active tasks pane of the main window. The task progress
will be shown in a special window. You can stop the procedure by clicking Cancel.
You can also close the progress window by clicking Hide. The backup creation will continue,
but you will be able to start another operation or close the main program window. In the
latter case, the program will continue working in the background and will automatically close
once the backup archive is ready. If you prepare some more backup operations, they will be
queued after the current.
You may want to adjust the backup process priority. To do so, click on the process icon in
the System Tray and select Low, Normal, or High priority from the menu that appears. For
information on how to set the default priority, see 5.3.6 Backup performance.
If you burn an archive to several removable media, be sure to number them, since you will
have to insert them in order during the restoration.
16. You may want to see the log when the task is completed. To view the log, click the
Show Operation Logs button on the toolbar.
5.3 Setting backup options
To view or edit the default backup options, select Tools -> Options -> Default Backup
Options from the main program menu.
You can edit the default (or set the temporary) backup options while creating a backup task
as well.
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5.3.1 Archive protection
The default setting – no password.
An archive can be protected with a password. To protect the archive from being restored by
anybody except you, enter a password and its confirmation into the text fields. A password
should consist of at least eight symbols and contain both letters (in the upper and lower
cases preferably) and numbers to make it more difficult to guess.
If you try to restore data from a password-protected archive, or append an
incremental/differential backup to such an archive, Acronis True Image Server for Windows
will ask for the password in a special window, allowing access only to authorized users.
5.3.2 Source files exclusion
The default setting – all files from the selected folders will be included into the
archive.
You can set default filters for the specific types of files you do not wish to back up. For
example, you may want hidden and system files and folders, as well as files with .~, .tmp
and .bak extensions, not to be stored in the archive.
You can also apply custom filters, using the common Windows masking rules. For example,
to exclude all files with extension .exe, add *.exe mask. My???.exe mask will reject all .exe
files with names consisting of five symbols and starting with “my”.
This option is effective for file/folders backup only. When creating a disk/partition image, you
cannot filter out any files.
5.3.3 Pre/post commands
You can specify commands or batch files to be automatically executed before and after the
backup procedure. For example, you may want to remove some tmp files from the disk
before starting backup or configure a third-party antivirus product to be started each time
before the backup starts. Click Edit to open the Edit Command window where you can
easily input the command, its arguments and working directory or browse folders to find a
batch file.
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Unchecking the Do not perform operations until the commands execution is
complete box, checked by default, will permit the backup process to run concurrently with
your commands execution.
5.3.4 Database support
Database servers, such as MS SQL Server and MS Exchange, prove to be troublesome to
backup, partially due to open files and indexes and partially due to rapid data changes.
Therefore it is usually recommended that the database be suspended just before the backup
(data capture) moment. Provided all transactions are completed by the moment of data
capture, the database, when recovered, will be ready to access immediately after recovery.
1. Volume Shadow Copy Service
Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) provides the infrastructure for backup
on running systems by keeping up coordination between user applications that update data
on disk and backup applications. VSS is available in Microsoft Windows XP and Microsoft
Windows Server 2003 operating systems.
If your database is compatible with Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS),
then checking the Enable VSS support box in Database support window will ensure
completion of all transactions before the backup process starts. The examples of VSS-aware
databases are Exchange, Oracle, SQL Server.
2. Before/after data capture commands
However, VSS is not available in server operation systems older than Windows 2003
Server, and not all databases support VSS. In these cases, the transactions completion can
be ensured with executing batch files or scripts that pause the appropriate Windows services
and automatically resume them after data capture.
An example of a batch file, suspending the Windows services for MS Exchange:
net stop msexchangesa /y /y
net stop “Microsoft Exchange Routing Engine”
An example of a batch file, resuming the Windows services for MS Exchange:
net start “Microsoft Exchange System Attendant”
net start “Microsoft Exchange Event”
net start “Microsoft Exchange IMAP4”
net start “Microsoft Exchange MTA Stacks”
net start “Microsoft Exchange POP3”
net start “Microsoft Exchange Routing Engine”
Create batch files in any text editor (for example, name it ‘pause_services.bat’ and
‘resume_services.bat’). Use Edit buttons to the right of Before data capture command
and After data capture command fields, to open the Edit Command window where you
can browse folders to find the respective batch files or scripts. A single command can be
specified in the same window along with its arguments and working directory.
It is critical to note that these commands, as opposed to Backup commands above, will be
executed before and after data capture process, which takes seconds, while the entire
backup procedure may take quite long time. Therefore, the database idle time will be
minimal.
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Before/after data capture commands can also be used for purposes different from
suspending the database, especially if VSS support is enabled. You may want to suspend an
application other than a database, for example. The commands execution and the VSS
actions will be sequenced as follows:
“before” commands -> VSS Suspend -> data capture -> VSS Resume -> “after” commands.
Unchecking the Do not perform operations until the commands execution is
complete box, checked by default, will permit the backup process to run concurrently with
your commands execution.
5.3.5 Compression level
The default setting – Normal.
If you select None, the data will be copied without any compression, which may significantly
increase the backup file size. However, if you select Maximum compression, the backup will
take longer to create.
The optimal data compression level depends on the type of files stored in the archive. For
example, even maximum compression will not significantly reduce the archive size if the
archive contains essentially compressed files, like .jpg, .pdf or .mp3.
Generally, it is recommended that you use the default Normal compression level. You might
want to select Maximum compression for removable media to reduce the number of blank
disks required.
5.3.6 Backup performance
The three options below might have a more or less noticeable effect on the backup process
speed. This depends on overall system configuration and physical characteristics of devices.
1. Backup process priority
The default setting – Low.
The priority of any process running in a system determines the amount of CPU usage and
system resources allocated to that process. Decreasing the backup priority will free more
resources for other CPU tasks. Increasing the backup priority may speed up the backup
process due to taking resources from the other currently running processes. The effect will
depend on total CPU usage and other factors.
2. HDD writing speed
The default setting – Maximum.
Backing up in the background to an internal hard disk (for example, to Acronis Secure Zone)
may slow other programs’ performance because of the large amounts of data transferred to
the disk. You can limit the hard disk usage by Acronis True Image Server for Windows to a
desired level. To set the desired HDD writing speed for data being backed up, drag the slider
or enter the writing speed in kilobytes per second.
3. Network connection speed
The default setting – Maximum.
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If you frequently backup data to network drives, think of limiting the network usage used by
Acronis True Image Server for Windows. To set the desired data transfer speed, drag the
slider or enter the bandwidth limit for transferring backup data in kilobytes per second.
5.3.7 Fast incremental/differential backup
The default setting – Use fast incremental/differential backup.
Incremental/differential backup captures only changes in data occurred since the last
backup. To speed up the backup process, Acronis True Image Server for Windows
determines whether the file has changed by file size and the date/time when the file was last
saved. Disabling this feature will make the program compare the entire file contents to that
stored in the archive.
This option relates only to disk/partition (image) backup.
5.3.8 Archive splitting
Sizeable backups can be split into several files that together make the original backup. A
backup file can be split for burning to removable media or saving on an FTP server (data
recovery directly from an FTP server requires the archive to be split into files no more than 2
GB in size).
The default setting – Automatic. With this setting, Acronis True Image Server for Windows
will act as follows.
When backing up to the hard disk: If the selected disk has enough space and its file system
allows the estimated file size, the program will create a single archive file.
If the storage disk has enough space, but its file system does not allow the estimated file
size, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will automatically split the backup into several
files.
FAT16 and FAT32 file systems have a 4 GB file size limit. At the same time, the existing hard
drive’s capacity may reach as much as 2 TB. Therefore, an archive file might easily exceed
this limit, if you are going to back up the entire disk.
If you do not have enough space to store the image on your hard disk, the program will
warn you and wait for your decision as to how you plan to fix the problem. You can try to
free some additional space and continue or click Back and select another disk.
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When backing up to a diskette, CD-R/RW or DVD+R/RW: Acronis True Image Server for
Windows will ask you to insert a new disk when the previous one is full.
Alternatively, you can select Fixed size and enter the desired file size or select it from the
drop-down list. The backup will then be split into multiple files of the specified size. That
comes in handy when backing up to a hard disk with a view to burning the archive to CDR/RW or DVD+R/RW later on.
Creating images directly on CD-R/RW or DVD+R/RW might take considerably more time
than it would on a hard disk.
5.3.9 File-level security settings
Preserve files’ security settings in archives
By default, files and folders are saved in the archive with their original Windows security
settings (i.e. permissions for read, write, execute and so on for each user or user group, set
in file Properties -> Security). If you restore a secured file/folder on a computer without
user, specified in the permissions, you may not be able to read or modify this file.
To completely eliminate this kind of problem, you can disable preserving files’ security
settings in archives. Then the restored files/folders will always inherit the permissions from
the folder to which they are restored (parent folder or disk, if restored to the root).
Alternatively, you can disable files’ security settings during restoration, even if they are
available in the archive (see 6.4.5 File-level security settings below). The result will be the
same.
In archives, store encrypted files in decrypted state
The default setting – disabled.
If you do not use the encryption feature available in Windows 2003 Server and Windows XP
operating systems, simply ignore this option. (Files/folders encryption is set in Properties > General -> Advanced Attributes -> Encrypt contents to secure data).
Check the option if there are encrypted files in the backup and you want them to be
accessed by any user after restore. Otherwise, only the user who encrypted the files/folders
will be able to read them. Decryption may also be useful if you are going to restore
encrypted files on another computer.
These options relate only to file/folders backup.
5.3.10 Media components
The default setting – disabled.
When backing up to removable media, you can make this media bootable by writing to it
additional components. Thus, you will not need a separate rescue disk.
Choose the basic components, necessary for boot and restoring data, on the General tab.
The Acronis One-Click Restore is a minimal addition to your rescue media, allowing oneclick disk recovery from an image archive, stored on this media. This means that at boot
from the media and clicking “restore” all the data contained in the image will be silently
restored.
Because one-click approach does not imply user selections, like selecting partitions to
restore, Acronis One-Click Restore always restores the entire disk. Therefore, if your disk
consists of several partitions and you are planning to use Acronis One-Click Restore, all the
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partitions must be included into the image. Any partitions which are missing from the image
will be lost.
If you want more functionality during restoration, write a standalone version of Acronis
True Image Server for Windows to the rescue disk. Then you will be able to configure
the restore task using Restore Data Wizard, use Acronis Snap Restore or Acronis Universal
Restore etc.
Under Advanced tab you can select full, safe or both Acronis True Image Server for
Windows loader version. The safe version does not have USB, PC card or SCSI drivers and is
useful only in case the full version does not load. If you have other Acronis products, such as
Acronis Disk Director Suite, installed on your computer, the bootable versions of these
programs’ components will be offered as Advanced as well.
In case you check Do not place additional components if there is no free space box,
the program will try to write at least Acronis True Image Server for Windows to media, short
of space.
5.3.11 Additional settings
1. Validate backup archive upon operation completion
The default setting – disabled.
You can choose to check the backup data integrity. Verification will be performed
immediately after the archive is created.
To check data from an incremental backup, you must have all previous incremental backup
files and the initial full backup. If any of successive backups is missing, validation is not
possible.
To check data from a differential backup, you must have the initial full backup as well.
However, if you created several differential or both incremental and differential backups
based on the same full backup (and therefore, in the same folder), you will need ALL of
these successive backups to validate the archive.
2. Overwrite data on a tape without user confirmation
The default setting – disabled.
A full backup, when created on a tape drive, overwrites all data stored on the tape (see 3.8
Backing up to tape drive for more information). In this situation, Acronis True Image Server
for Windows will warn that you are about to lose data on the tape. To disable this warning,
check the middle box.
3. Ask for first media while creating backup archives on removable media
The default setting – enabled.
You can choose whether to display the Insert First Media prompt when backing up to
removable media. With the default setting, backing up to removable media may be not
possible if the user is away, because the program will wait for pressing OK in the prompt
box. Therefore, you should disable the prompt when scheduling a backup to removable
media. Then, if the removable media is available (for example, CD-R/RW inserted) the task
can run unattended.
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Chapter 6. Restoring the backup data
6.1 Restore under Windows or boot from CD?
As mentioned above (see 2.3 Running Acronis True Image Server for Windows), Acronis
True Image Server for Windows can be run in several ways. We recommend that you first
try to restore data running Acronis True Image Server for Windows under Windows, because
this method provides more functionality. Boot from the bootable media or use the Startup
Recovery Manager (see 3.4 Acronis Startup Recovery Manager) only if Windows does not
load.
The boot CD from which you loaded the program does not keep you from using other CDs
with backups. Acronis True Image Server for Windows is loaded entirely into RAM, so you
can remove the bootable CD to insert the archive disk.
Be careful! Disk letters in standalone Acronis True Image Server for Windows might
sometimes differ from the way Windows identifies drives. For example, the D: drive
identified in the standalone Acronis True Image Server for Windows might correspond to the
E: drive in Windows.
If a backup image is located on bootable media, you might have a choice of using Acronis
One-Click Restore. This operation always restores the entire physical disk. Therefore, if your
disk consists of several partitions, all of them must be included into the image. Any partitions
which are missing from the image will be lost. Please make sure that the image contains all
disk data or you do not need the partitions that are not imaged before using Acronis OneClick Restore. For more information on Acronis One-Click Restore see Error! Reference
source not found..
6.1.1 Network settings in rescue mode
When booted from removable media, RIS server or by Startup Recovery Manager, Acronis
True Image Server for Windows may not detect the network. Such might be the case if there
is no DHCP server in your network or your computer address was not identified automatically
for some reason.
To enable connection, specify network settings manually in the window, available at Tools > Options -> Network adapters.
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6.2 Restoring files and folders from file archives
Here we describe how to restore file/folders from a file backup archive. You can restore the
desired files/folders from a disk/partition image as well. To do so, mount the image (see
Chapter 11. Mounting an image as a virtual drive) or start the image restoration and select
Restore specified files or folders (see 6.3 Restoring disks/partitions or files from
images).
1. Invoke the Restore Data Wizard by clicking on the restore operation icon in the main
program window.
2. Click Next.
3. Select the archive. If the archive is located in Acronis Secure Zone, select it to choose the
archive on the next step.
If the archive is located on removable media, e.g. CD, first insert the last CD and then insert
disks in reverse order when Restore Data Wizard prompts.
Data recovery directly from an FTP server requires the archive to consist of files no more
than 2 GB in size. If you suspect that some of the files may be larger, first copy the entire
archive (along with the initial full backup) to a local hard disk or network share disk.
If you added a comment to the archive, it will be displayed to the right of the drives tree. If
the archive was protected with a password, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will ask
for it. The comment and the Next button will be unavailable until you enter the correct
password.
4. Click Next.
5. If you are to restore files from an archive, containing incremental backups, Acronis True
Image Server for Windows will suggest that you select one of successive incremental
backups by date/time of its creation. Thus, you can roll back the files/folders state to a
certain date.
To restore data from an incremental backup, you must have all previous incremental backup
files and the initial full backup. If any of successive backups is missing, restoration is not
possible.
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To restore data from a differential backup, you must have the initial full backup as well.
6. Click Next.
7. Select a folder on your computer where you want to restore selected folders/files (a target
folder). You can restore data to their original location or choose another folder, if necessary.
8. Click Next.
9. Select files and folders to restore. You can choose to restore all data or browse the
archive contents and select the desired folders or files.
10. Click Next.
11. Select the options for the restoration process (that is, pre/post restoration commands,
restoration process priority, file-level security settings etc.). You may Use default options
or Set the options manually. If the latter is the case, the settings will be applied only to
the current restore task. Alternatively, you can edit the default options from the current
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screen. Then your settings will be saved as default. See 6.4 Setting restore options for more
information.
12. Click Next.
13. Set filters for the specific types of files that are not to be restored. For example, you may
want hidden and system files and folders, as well as files with .~, .tmp and .bak
extensions, not to be restored from the archive.
You can also apply custom filters, using the common Windows masking rules. For example,
to exclude all files with extension .exe, add *.exe mask. My???.exe mask will reject all .exe
files with names consisting of five symbols and starting with “my”.
All of these settings will take effect for the current task. How to set the default filters that
will be called each time you restore data, see 6.4.1 Files to exclu.
14. Click Next.
15. The next selection allows you to keep useful data changes made since the selected
backup was created. Choose what to do if the program finds in the target folder a file with
the same name as in the archive.
Overwrite existing file – this will give the archived file unconditional priority over the file
on the hard disk.
Overwrite existing file if it is older – this will give the priority to the most recent file
modification, whether it be in the archive or on the disk
Do not overwrite existing file – this will give the file on the hard disk unconditional
priority over the archived file.
16. At the final step, the restoration summary is displayed. Up to this point, you can click
Back to make changes in the created task. Clicking Proceed will launch the task execution.
17. The task will appear on the Active tasks pane of the main window. The task progress
will be shown in a special window. You can stop the procedure by clicking Cancel. Please
keep in mind that the aborted procedure still may cause changes in the destination folder.
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6.3 Restoring disks/partitions or files from images
To restore a partition (disk) from an image, Acronis True Image Server for Windows must
obtain exclusive access to the target partition (disk). This means no other applications can
access it at that time. If you receive a message stating that the partition (disk) can not be
blocked, close applications that use this partition (disk) and start over. If you can not
determine which applications use the partition (disk), close them all.
6.3.1 Starting the Restore Data Wizard
1. Invoke the Restore Data Wizard by clicking on the restore operation icon in the main
program window.
2. Click Next.
6.3.2 Archive selection
1. Select the archive. If the archive is located in Acronis Secure Zone, select it to choose the
archive at the next step.
If the archive is located on removable media, e.g. CD, first insert the last CD and then insert
disks in reverse order when Restore Data Wizard prompts.
Data recovery directly from an FTP server requires the archive to be split into files no more
than 2 GB in size. If you suspect that some of the files may be larger, first copy the entire
archive (along with the initial full backup) to a local hard disk or network share disk.
If you added a comment to the archive, it will be displayed to the right of the drives tree. If
the archive was protected with a password, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will ask
for it. The partitions layout, the comment and the Next button will be unavailable until you
enter the correct password.
2. Click Next.
3. If you are to restore data from an archive containing incremental backups, Acronis True
Image Server for Windows will suggest that you select one of successive incremental
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backups by its creation date/time. Thus, you can roll back the disk/partition state to a certain
date.
To restore data from an incremental backup, you must have all previous incremental backup
files and the initial full backup. If any of successive backups is missing, restoration is not
possible.
To restore data from a differential backup, you must have the initial full backup as well.
4. Click Next.
6.3.3 Restoration type selection
1. Select what you want to restore:
Restore specified files or folders
With this selection, you will be further offered to select where to restore selected folders/files
(original or new location), choose files/folders to be restored and so on. These steps look like
those in file archive restore. However, watch your selection: if you are to restore files instead
of disk/partition, uncheck the unnecessary folders. Otherwise you will restore a lot of
excessive files. Then you will be taken directly to Restoration Summary screen (6.3.13
Restoration summary and executing restoration).
Restore disks or partitions
Having selected a usual way of disks/partitions recovery, you will have to make all settings
described below.
Using Snap Restore
When restoring a system disk/partition image from Acronis Secure Zone, you will have the
third choice – to use Acronis Snap Restore. Having selected this option, you will proceed
directly to the summary window (6.3.13 Restoration summary and executing restoration). In
a few seconds after pressing Proceed the computer will reboot to the restored system. Log
in and start work – no more reboots or other actions are required. For more about Acronis
Snap Restore, see 3.5 Acronis Snap Restore.
When performing Snap Restore, the current Acronis True Image Server for Windows version
always restores the entire system disk. Therefore, if your system disk consists of several
partitions and you are planning to use Acronis Snap Restore, all partitions must be included
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into the image. Any partitions which are missing from the image will be lost.
However, you can choose an ordinary way of restoration for that image. This will allow you
to make changes to the restored partition that would not be possible when using Acronis
Snap Restore.
Finally, if you are not going to recover the system, but only want to repair damaged files,
select Restore specified files or folders.
2. Click Next.
6.3.4 Selecting a disk/partition to restore
1. The selected archive file can contain images of several partitions or even disks. Select
which disk/partition to restore.
Disks and partitions images contain a copy of track 0 along with MBR (Master Boot Record).
It appears in this window in a separate line. You can choose whether to restore MBR and
track 0 by checking the respective box. Restore MBR if it is critical to your system boot.
2. Click Next.
6.3.5 Selecting a target disk/partition
1. Select a target disk or partition where you want to restore the selected image. You can
restore data to their initial location, to another disk/partition or to an unallocated space. The
target partition should be at least the same size as the uncompressed image data.
All the data stored on the restored partition will be replaced by the image data, so be careful
and watch for non-backed-up data that you might need.
2. Click Next.
3. When restoring an entire disk, the program will analyze the target disk structure to see if
the disk is free.
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If there are partitions on the target disk, you will be prompted by the Nonempty
Destination Hard Disk Drive window stating that the destination disk contains partitions,
perhaps with data.
You will have to select between:
•
Yes, I want to delete all the partitions on the destination hard disk before
restoring – all existing partitions will be deleted and all their data will be lost.
•
No, I do not want to delete partitions – no existing partition will be deleted,
discontinuing the recovery operation. You will only be able to cancel the operation or
return to select another disk.
Note that no real changes or data destruction will be performed at this time! For now, the
program will just map out the procedure. All changes will be implemented only when you
click Proceed in the wizard’s final window.
To continue, select the first choice and click Next. You will be taken directly to step 6.3.10
Restoring several disks or partitions at once.
6.3.6 Changing the restored partition type
1. When restoring a partition, you can change its type, though it is not required in most
cases.
To illustrate why you might need to do this, let’s imagine that both the operating system and
data were stored on the same primary partition on a damaged disk.
If you are restoring a system partition to the new (or the same) disk and want to load an
operating system from it, you will select Active.
If you restore a system partition to another hard disk with its own partitions and OS, most
probably you will need only the data. In this case, you can restore the partition as Logical
to access the data only.
By default, the original partition type is selected.
Selecting Active for a partition without an installed operating system could prevent your
server from booting.
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2. Click Next.
6.3.7 Changing the restored partition file system
1. Though seldom required, you can change the partition file system during its restoration.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows can make the following file system conversions: FAT
16 -> FAT 32, Ext2 -> Ext3. For partitions with other native file systems this option is not
available.
Let us imagine you are to restore a partition from an old, low-capacity FAT16 disk to a
newer disk. FAT16 would not be effective and might even be impossible to set on the highcapacity hard disk. That's because FAT16 supports partitions up to 4 GB, so you will not be
able to restore a 4 GB FAT16 partition to a partition that exceeds that limit without changing
the file system. It would make sense here to change the file system from FAT16 to FAT32.
However, keep in mind that not all operating systems support FAT32. MS-DOS, Windows 95
and Windows NT 3.x, 4.x do not support FAT32 and will not be operable after you restore a
partition and change its file system. These can be normally restored on a FAT16 partition
only.
2. Click Next.
6.3.8 Changing the restored partition size and location
1. You can resize and relocate a partition by dragging it or its borders with a mouse or by
entering corresponding values into the appropriate fields.
Using this feature, you can redistribute the disk space between partitions being restored. In
this case, you will have to restore the partition to be reduced first.
These changes might be useful if you are to copy your hard disk to a new high-capacity one
by creating its image and restoring it to a new disk with larger partitions. This way of cloning
is used if it is not possible to connect the second hard disk to the server (for more details
about cloning see 12.1 General information).
2. Click Next.
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6.3.9 Assigning a letter to the restored partition
1. Acronis True Image Server for Windows will assign an unused letter to a restored
partition. You can select the desired letter from a drop-down list. If you set the switch to No,
no letters will be assigned to the restored partition, hiding it from OS.
You should not assign letters to partitions inaccessible to Windows, such as to those other
than FAT and NTFS.
2. Click Next.
6.3.10 Restoring several disks or partitions at once
1. During a single session, you can restore several partitions or disks, one by one, by
selecting one disk and setting its parameters first and then repeating these actions for every
partition or disk to be restored.
If you want to restore another disk (partition), select Yes, I want to restore another
partition or hard disk drive. Then you will return to the partition selection window (6.3.4)
again and will have to repeat the above steps. Otherwise, don’t set this switch.
2. Click Next.
6.3.11 Using Acronis Universal Restore
Acronis Universal Restore is an add-on to Acronis True Image Server for Windows. It should
be purchased separately and installed from a separate setup file. The following is true for
Acronis True Image Server for Windows installations including Acronis Universal Restore.
The Acronis Universal Restore option does not work if the image contains dynamic disks and
volumes.
1. Using Acronis Universal Restore will help you create a bootable system clone on a
different hardware (for more information see 3.6 Acronis Universal Restore). Choose this
when restoring a system disk to a computer with other processor, motherboard or mass
storage device than in the imaged system.
2. Click Next.
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3. If you know which drivers are required for the new hardware, add them to the drivers list
in the next window. You can add Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) and mass storage
devices drivers. Drivers for devices (sound cards, network adapters, video cards etc.) will be
found by Windows itself when it boots.
Acronis Universal Restore uses three sources for drivers search:
- the driver repository - a folder or folders on a network drive or CD specified in restore
options. If you have not specified the driver repository in advance, you can do it at next
step.
- the list of user-specified drivers created at the current step
- the Windows default driver storage folders (in the image being restored).
The program will pick out the most suitable drivers of all available drivers and install them
into the restored system. However, the drivers defined by the user, will have the priority.
They will be installed, with appropriate warnings, even if the program finds the better driver.
When migrating to RAID, be sure to specify an appropriate driver for the RAID controller in
the Install These Drivers window. Otherwise a basic HDD driver will be installed.
When restoring the system to a virtual machine that uses SCSI hard drive controller, be sure
to specify SCSI drivers for virtual environment in the Install These Drivers window. Use
drivers bundled with your virtual machine software or download the latest drivers versions
from the software manufacturer website.
4. Click Next.
6.3.12 Setting restore options
1. Select the options for the restoration process (that is, pre/post restoration commands,
restoration process priority etc.). You may Use default options or Set the options
manually. If the latter is the case, the settings will be applied only to the current restore
task. Alternatively, you can edit the default options from the current screen. Then your
settings will be saved as default. See 6.4 Setting restore options for more information.
2. Click Next.
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6.3.13 Restoration summary and executing restoration
1. At the final step, the restoration summary is displayed. Up to this point, you can click
Back to make changes in the created task. If you click Cancel, no changes will be made to
disk(s). Clicking Proceed will launch the task execution.
2. The task will appear on the Active tasks pane of the main window. The task progress
will be shown in a special window.
You can stop the procedure by clicking Cancel. However, it is critical to note that the target
partition will be deleted and its space unallocated – the same result you will get if the
restoration is unsuccessful. To recover the “lost” partition, you will have to restore it from
the image again.
If Acronis Universal Restore finds no HAL or mass storage device drivers compatible with the
new hardware in all available sources, you will be prompted to browse network share drive,
floppy disk or CD to select missing drivers. On starting Windows, it will initialize a common
procedure for installing new hardware. At this point, you will be able to specify drivers for
devices, if Windows cannot find them automatically.
6.4 Setting restore options
To view or edit the default restore options, select Tools -> Options -> Default
Restoration Options from the main program menu.
You can edit the default (or set the temporary) restore options while creating a restore task
as well.
6.4.1 Files to exclude from restoration
The default setting – Restore all files.
You can set the default filters for the specific types of files that are not to be restored. Use
the common Windows masking rules. For example, to exclude all files with extension .exe,
add *.exe mask. My???.exe mask will reject all .exe files with names, consisting of five
symbols and starting with “my”.
This option is effective only when restoring files from file/folders archives. When restoring
files from a disk/partition image, you cannot filter out any files.
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6.4.2 Files overwriting mode
This option allows you to keep useful data changes made since the backup being restored
was done. Choose what to do if the program finds in the target folder a file with the same
name as in the archive.
Overwrite existing file – this will give the archived file unconditional priority over the file
on the hard disk.
Overwrite existing file if it is older – this will give the priority to the most recent file
modification, whether it be in the archive or on the disk.
Do not overwrite existing file – this will give the file on the hard disk unconditional
priority over the archived file.
This option is effective only when restoring files from file/folders archives.
6.4.3 Pre/post commands
You can specify commands or batch files to be automatically executed before and after the
restore procedure. Click Edit to open the Edit Command window where you can easily
input the command, its arguments and working directory or browse folders to find a batch
file.
Unchecking the Do not perform operations until the commands execution is
complete box, checked by default, will permit the restore procedure to run concurrently
with your commands execution.
6.4.4 Restoration priority
The default setting – Low.
The priority of any process running in a system determines the amount of CPU usage and
system resources allocated to that process. Decreasing the restoration priority will free more
resources for other CPU tasks. Increasing of restoration priority may speed up the restore
process due to taking resources from the other currently running processes. The effect will
depend on total CPU usage and other factors.
6.4.5 File-level security settings
The default setting – Restore files with their security settings.
If the files’ security settings were preserved during backup (see 5.3.9 File-level security
settings), you can choose whether to restore files’ security settings or let the files inherit the
security settings of the folder where they will be restored.
This option is effective only when restoring files from file/folders archives.
6.4.6 Driver search location
This option appears only in those computers’ options, where Acronis Universal Restore is
installed.
Acronis Universal Restore is an option to Acronis True Image Server for Windows. It should
be purchased separately and installed from a separate setup file. For more information see
3.6 Acronis Universal Restore.
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Here you can specify a path to the driver repository - a folder or folders on a network drive
or CD where Acronis Universal Restore will search for drivers at restoring a system disk on
dissimilar hardware. If several paths are specified, the program will scan all locations and
choose the most suitable driver.
6.4.7 Additional settings
1. You can choose whether to restore files’ date and time from the archive or assign the files
the current date and time.
2. Before data is restored from the archive, Acronis True Image Server for Windows can
check its integrity. If you suspect that the archive might have been corrupted, select
Validate backup archive before restoration.
To check data from an archive containing incremental backups, you must have all
incremental backup files and the initial full backup. If any successive backups are missing
from the archive, validation is not possible.
To check data from a differential backup, you must have the initial full backup as well.
However, if you created several differential or both incremental and differential backups
based on the same full backup (and therefore, in the same folder), you will need ALL of
these successive backups to validate the archive.
3. Having restored a disk/partition from an image, Acronis True Image Server for Windows
can check the integrity of the file system. To do so, select Check file system after
restoration.
Verification of the file system is available only when restoring disk/partitions under Windows
and for FAT16/32 and NTFS file systems.
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Chapter 7. Scheduling tasks
Acronis True Image Server for Windows allows you to schedule periodic backup tasks. Doing
so will give you peace of mind, knowing that your data are safe.
You can create more than one independently scheduled task. For example, you can back up
your current project daily and back up the application disk once a week.
All the scheduled tasks appear in the Active Tasks area of the main window. You can start,
stop, edit, delete and rename the scheduled tasks.
7.1 Creating scheduled tasks
1. To invoke the Schedule Task Wizard, click on its icon on the Active Tasks toolbar or
select Operations -> Schedule Task from the main menu.
2. Click Next.
3. Configure a backup task in the usual way (see Chapter 5. Creating backup archives). If
you choose to create the backup archive on a network drive, you will have to enter a user
name and a password for network access.
4. Set the task execution periodicity.
•
Do not start automatically – the task will be saved, but not launched automatically.
You will be able to launch it later by clicking the start button on the Active Tasks pane
•
Daily – the task will be executed once a day or once in several days
•
Weekly – the task will be executed once a week or once in several weeks on the
selected day
•
Monthly – the task will be executed once a month on the selected day
•
One time only – the task will be executed once at the specified time and day
•
When my computer starts – the task will be executed at every OS startup
•
When I log on – the task will be executed each time the current user logs in to the OS
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•
When my computer shuts down – the task will be executed before every server
shutdown or reboot
•
When I log off – the task will be executed each time the current user logs off of the
OS.
Some of these options might be disabled depending on the operating system.
5. Click Next.
6. Specify the task start time and other schedule parameters, according to the selected
periodicity (see 7.1.1 - 7.1.4).
7. Click Next.
8. Next you will have to specify the name of the user who owns the executed task; otherwise
no scheduled execution will be available.
In the upper field, enter a user name. Enter a password twice in two fields below.
9. At the final step, the task configuration is displayed. Up to this point, you can click Back
to make changes in the created task. If you click Cancel, all settings will be lost. Click
Finish to save the task.
10. The task schedule and default name appear on the Active tasks pane of the main
window. You are prompted to rename the task just now. If you do not want to do so, press
the Esc key.
7.1.1 Setting up daily execution
If you select daily execution, set the Start time and days on which you want to execute the
task:
•
Every day
•
Weekdays
•
Every х days – once in several days (specify the interval).
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If the computer is off when the scheduled time comes, the task won’t be performed, but you
can force the missed task to launch at the next system startup by checking a box under the
Start time fields.
7.1.2 Setting up weekly execution
If you select weekly execution, set the Start time, specify the task execution periodicity in
the Every x weeks box (every week, every two weeks, etc.) and check the days on which
to execute the task.
If the computer is off when the scheduled time comes, the task won’t be performed, but you
can force the missed task to launch at the next system startup by checking a box under the
Start time fields.
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7.1.3 Setting up monthly execution
If you select monthly execution, set the Start time and days on which to execute the task:
•
Day – on the specified date
•
The <specify a day> – on the specified day (e.g. on second Tuesday or fourth Friday);
select this from the drop-down lists.
If the computer is off when the scheduled time comes, the task won’t be performed, but you
can force the missed task to launch at the next system startup by checking a box under the
Start time fields.
7.1.4 Setting up one-time execution
If you select the one-time execution, set the Start time and date on which to execute the
task:
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If the computer is off when the scheduled time comes, the task won’t be performed, but you
can force the missed task to launch at the next system startup by checking a box under the
Start time fields.
7.2 Managing scheduled tasks
The task Status, Schedule, Last Run Time and Last Result are shown on the Active tasks
pane of the main window. To view the other task details, right-click on its name.
There are two ways of changing the task parameters. Editing allows you to change any task
parameters. This is performed in the same way as creation, however, the earlier selected
options will be set, so you have to enter only the changes. To edit a task, select it and click
Edit the Selected Task on the Active tasks toolbar.
If you want to change only periodicity and/or start time, click Schedule the Selected Task
on the Active tasks toolbar. Then you will have to perform only scheduling steps, leaving
the backup settings the same.
To delete a task with confirmation, select it and click Delete the Selected Task on the
Active tasks toolbar.
To rename a task, select it, click Rename the Selected Task on the Active tasks toolbar,
enter the new task name and press Enter.
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Chapter 8. Managing Acronis Secure Zone
8.1 Creating Acronis Secure Zone
Acronis Secure Zone can be located on any local disk. It is created using unallocated space,
if available, or at the expense of free space on a partition. A computer can have only one
secure zone. To create a zone on another disk, you must first delete an existing zone.
When you click Manage Acronis Secure Zone in the menu, the program searches for the
zone on all local drives. If a zone is found, the wizard will offer to delete or resize it. If there
is no zone, you’ll be prompted to create it.
1. Before creating the Acronis Secure Zone, you may want to estimate its size. To do so,
start a backup and select all data you are going to backup into the Acronis Secure Zone. At
the Set Backup Options step choose Set the options manually, then set the
compression level. You will see the estimated full backup size. Multiply this by about 1.5 to
be able to create incremental or differential archives.
2. If there are several disks installed, select one on which to create Acronis Secure Zone.
3. Select the partitions from which space will be used to create the zone.
4. In the next window, enter the size of the zone or drag the slider.
5. After this, you will be prompted to activate Acronis Recovery Manager, which will enable
you to start Acronis True Image Server for Windows at boot time by pressing F11 key.
Alternatively, you can activate this feature later from main program window.
6. Then you will see a list of operations to be performed on partitions (disks).
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will start creating the zone.
Progress will be reflected in a special window. If necessary, you can stop zone creation by
clicking Cancel. However, the procedure will be canceled only after the current operation is
finished.
Acronis Secure Zone creation might take several minutes or more. Please wait until the
whole procedure is finished.
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8.2 Resizing Acronis Secure Zone
1. When prompted by the wizard, select Manage Acronis Secure Zone.
2. Select to increase or decrease the zone. You might need to increase it to provide more
space for archives. The opposite situation might arise if either partition lacks free space.
3. Select partitions from which free space will be used to increase Acronis Secure Zone or
that will receive free space after the zone is reduced.
4. Enter the new size of the zone or drag the slider.
5. Next you will see a list of briefly described operations to be performed on partitions
(disks).
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will start resizing the zone.
Progress will be reflected in a special window. If necessary, you can stop the procedure by
clicking Cancel. However, the procedure will be canceled only after the current operation is
finished.
Zone resizing can take several minutes or longer. Please wait until the whole procedure is
finished.
8.3 Deleting Acronis Secure Zone
1. When prompted by the wizard, select Remove Acronis Secure Zone.
2. Select the partitions to which you want to add the space freed from the secure zone. If
you select several partitions, the space will be distributed proportionally to each partition’s
size.
3. Next, you will see a list of briefly described operations to be performed on partitions
(disks).
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will start deleting the zone.
Progress will be reflected in the opened window. If necessary, you can stop the procedure by
clicking Cancel. However, the procedure will be canceled only after the current operation is
finished.
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Zone deletion might take several minutes or more. Please wait until the whole procedure is
finished.
Acronis Secure Zone deletion will automatically disable Acronis Startup Recovery Manager if
it is activated and destroy all backups stored in the zone.
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Chapter 9. Creating bootable media
9.1 Creating Acronis rescue media
You can run Acronis True Image Server for Windows on a bare metal or on a crashed
computer that cannot boot. You can even back up disks on a non-Windows computer,
copying all its data sector-by-sector into the backup archive. To do so, you will need
bootable media with the standalone Acronis True Image Server for Windows version.
If you purchased the boxed product, you already have such a bootable CD, because the
installation CD contains, besides the program installation files, the Acronis True Image
Server for Windows standalone bootable version.
If you purchased Acronis True Image Server for Windows on the Web, you can create
bootable media using the Bootable Media Builder. For this, you will need a CD-R/RW blank,
DVD+R/RW blank, several formatted diskettes (the wizard will tell you the exact number), or
any other media your server can boot from, such as a Zip drive.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows also provides the ability to create an ISO image of a
bootable disk on the hard disk. If there is a Microsoft RIS server in your local network, an IT
administrator can save the bootable data on this server as well. Then any networked
computer will be able to boot Acronis True Image Server for Windows from the RIS package.
If you have other Acronis products, such as Acronis Disk Director Server, installed on your
computer, you can include standalone versions of these programs on the same bootable disk
as well.
If you have chosen not to install the Bootable Media Builder during Acronis True Image
Server for Windows installation, you will not be able to use this feature.
1. Click Create Bootable Rescue Media on the toolbar or the sidebar, or select Create
Bootable Rescue Media from the Tools menu. You can also run the Bootable Rescue
Media Builder without loading Acronis True Image Server for Windows by selecting
Programs -> Acronis -> True Image -> Bootable Rescue Media Builder from the
Start menu.
2. Select which components of Acronis programs you want to place on the bootable media.
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Acronis True Image Server for Windows offers the following components:
•
Acronis True Image Server for Windows full version
Includes support of USB, PC Card and SCSI interfaces along with the storage devices
connected via them, and therefore is highly recommended.
•
Acronis True Image Server for Windows safe version
Does not include USB, PC Card, or SCSI drivers. Recommended for use in case of problems
with running Full version
To find more about components of other Acronis products, see the respective user guides.
3. Select the type of bootable media (CD-R/RW, DVD+R/RW or 3.5” diskettes) to create. If
your BIOS has this feature, you can create other bootable media such as removable USB
flash drives. You can also choose to create a bootable disk ISO image or save bootable data
on the RIS server.
When using 3.5” diskettes, you will be able to write on a diskette (or a set of the diskettes)
only one component at a time (for example, Acronis True Image Server for Windows). To
write another component, start Bootable Media Builder once again.
4. If you are creating a CD, DVD, diskettes or any removable media, insert the blank disk so
the program can determine its capacity. If you chose to create a bootable disk ISO image,
specify the ISO file name and the folder in which to place it. If you chose to save bootable
data on a RIS server, specify the server and provide the user name and password to access
it.
5. Next, the program will calculate how many blank disks are required (in case you have not
chosen ISO or RIS) and give you time to prepare them. When you are finished, click
Proceed.
After you create a boot disk, identify it and keep it in a safe place.
9.2 Creating Win PE ISO with Acronis True Image Server for Windows
Windows Preinstallation Environment (Win PE) is a minimal Windows system based on the
Windows XP Professional and the Windows Server 2003 kernels. Win PE is commonly used
by OEMs and corporations for deployment, test, diagnostic and system repair purposes.
Using Acronis True Image Server for Windows in Windows Preinstallation Environment allows
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combination of Acronis True Image Server for Windows and Win PE facilities and therefore
provides more functionality than using only-Acronis bootable media. The Acronis Universal
Restore add-on to Acronis True Image Server for Windows, if installed, will also be included
in the ISO image.
To add the Acronis True Image Server for Windows plug-in to your Win PE distribution:
1. Make sure that Acronis Bart PE plug-in is installed on the computer (the default path is
\Program Files\Acronis\TrueImageServer\BartPE). If not, run Acronis True Image Server for
Windows setup file, choose Modify and install the Acronis Bart PE plug-in.
Acronis Win PE ISO Builder locates the Acronis Bart PE plug-in using the registry key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Acronis\TrueImageServer\
Settings\BartPE, created at the time of installation. If you moved the Bart PE plug-in to
another folder after installation, change the key accordingly. If the above key is missing, the
builder does not work.
2. Insert your Win PE distribution CD into the media drive of the computer. If you have a
distribution copy on the hard disk, trace the exact path to it. The distribution files must be
unpacked and allocated in a separate folder.
3. Select Programs -> Acronis ->Acronis True Image Server for Windows -> Acronis Win PE
ISO Builder.
4. Specify a source folder for building Win PE ISO, i.e. the media drive with Win PE
distribution or a folder with the distribution copy.
5. Locate a folder where you want to create Win PE ISO and provide the name for the ISO
file.
6. Check your settings in the summary screen and click Proceed.
7. Use any third-party tool that will burn ISO images to CD or DVD.
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Chapter 10. Other operations
10.1 Validating backup archives
To be certain that your archives are not damaged, you can check their integrity.
1. To invoke the Backup Archive Validation Wizard, select Validate Backup Archive in
the main window or in the Tools group or click Validate Backup Archive on the toolbar.
2. Click Next.
3. Select the archive to validate. If the archive is located in Acronis Secure Zone, select it to
choose the archive on the next step.
4. Click Next.
5. Clicking Proceed will launch the validation procedure. After the validation is complete,
you will see the results window. You can cancel checking by clicking Cancel.
To check data from an archive containing incremental backups, you must have all
incremental backup files and the initial full backup. If any successive backups are missing
from the archive, the validation is not possible.
To check data from a differential backup, you must have the initial full backup as well.
However, if you created several differential or both incremental and differential backups
based on the same full backup (and therefore, in the same folder), you will need ALL of
these successive backups to validate the archive.
10.2 Operation results notification
Sometimes a backup or restore procedure can last for 30 minutes or more. Acronis True
Image Server for Windows can notify you when it is finished using the WinPopup service or
via e-mail. The program can also duplicate messages issued during the operation or send
you the full operation log after operation completion.
By default all notifications are disabled.
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10.2.1 Email notification
To set up e-mail notification, select Tools -> Options -> Notifications -> E-mail:
Provide the email address to which notifications will be sent and the outgoing SMTP server
name. A user name and a password might also be needed if the SMTP server requires
authentication.
Below in this window you can choose whether you want to get notifications:
- when the operation is completed successfully (check Add full log to the notification to
add the full operation log to the message)
- when the operation failed (check Add full log to the notification to add the full
operation log to the message)
- during the operation when user interaction is required.
10.2.2 WinPopup notification
To set up WinPopup notification, select Tools -> Options -> Notifications -> Windows
Messenger (WinPopup):
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Provide the name of the computer to which notifications will be sent.
Below in this window you can choose whether you want to get notifications:
- when the operation is completed successfully
- when the operation failed
- during the operation when user interaction is required.
10.3 Viewing logs
Acronis True Image Server for Windows allows users to view its working logs. They can
provide information about scheduled backup tasks results, including reasons for failure, if
any.
To invoke the log window, select Show log on the toolbar or from the Tools menu.
The log browsing window contains two panes: the left one features the log list, while the
right one shows selected log contents.
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The left panel can contain up to 50 logs. If there are more, you can browse the list using the
More and Less buttons with the left and right arrows.
To delete a log, select it and click Delete.
If any step was terminated by an error, the corresponding log will be marked with a red
circle with a white cross inside.
The right window features the list of steps contained in the selected log. The three buttons
to the right control message filters: the white cross in the red circle filters error messages,
the exclamation sign in a yellow triangle filters warnings, and the “i” in the blue circle filters
information messages.
To select columns (step parameters) to display, right-click the headers line or left-click the
Choose Details button. Then check the desired parameters.
To sort messages by a particular parameter, click its header (click again to reverse order) or
the Arrange Icons by button (the second from the right) and select the desired parameter.
You can also change column width by dragging the borders with a mouse.
10.4 Event tracing
10.4.1 Windows event log
You can choose whether to store event log messages issued by Acronis True Image Server
for Windows to Windows Event Log (to see this log, run eventvwr.exe or select Control
Panel -> Administrative tools -> Event Viewer -> Application).
The default setting – Do not save messages
To change this setting, select Tools -> Options -> Windows event log.
An additional choice is available between recording All events, Warnings and Errors, or
Errors only.
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10.4.2 SNMP notifications
You can choose whether to send event log messages issued by Acronis True Image Server
for Windows to computers, running SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
management applications.
The default setting – Do not send messages to SNMP clients
Having chosen Send messages to SNMP clients, specify a name or IP address of the
client computer. Otherwise messages will be sent to all SNMP clients found in the local
network.
An additional choice is available between sending All events, Warnings and Errors, or
Errors only messages.
Acronis True Image Server for Windows provides the following SNMP objects to SNMP
management applications:
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.1.0 - string identifying a type of occurred event (Information,
Warning, Error)
1.3.6.1.4.1.24769.100.200.2.0 - string containing text description of occurred event (it looks
identically to messages published by Acronis True Image Server for Windows in its log).
10.5 Managing System Restore
Microsoft Windows System Restore tool, available in Windows XP and Windows 2003 Server
operating systems, is used to undo harmful changes to the system without losing recently
changed or created user data. To run the System Restore tool or find out more about it,
select Start -> Programs -> Accessories -> System Tools -> System Restore.
(Please be aware that the older Windows Server versions do not feature System Restore,
therefore, under these operating systems Manage System Restore tool is unavailable.)
If you run Acronis True Image Server for Windows regularly, this feature in your operating
system is redundant. You can turn it off, freeing up to 12% of your hard disk space, directly
from Acronis True Image Server for Windows.
1. To invoke the System Restore Management Wizard, click the Manage System
Restore icon in the main program window.
2. Click Next.
3. Now you can turn on/off System Restore on all your hard disk(s) partitions at once or do it
individually for each partition.
Note that you cannot turn off System Restore on the system disk (partition), yet keep it on
other disks (partitions).
4. Click Next.
5. The program lists the configured changes. You can click Back to choose different
settings. If you click Cancel, all new settings will be lost. Click Proceed to apply the
changes.
If you turn off System Restore on any disk or partition, all previously created restore points
for that disk (partition) will be deleted. Please make sure you do not need those restore
points before proceeding.
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Chapter 11. Mounting an image as a virtual
drive
Acronis True Image Server for Windows can mount partition images as virtual drives,
thus letting you access them as though they were physical drives. This means that:
•
A new disk with its own letter will appear in the drives list
•
Using Windows Explorer and other file managers, you can view the image contents as if
they were located on a physical disk or partition
•
You will be able to use the virtual disk in the same way as the real one: open, save,
copy, move, create, delete files or folders. If necessary, the image can be mounted in
read-only mode.
Please keep in mind that, though both file archives and disk/partition images have a default
“.tib” extension, only partition images can be mounted. If you want to view file archive
contents, use the Restore Data Wizard (see 6.2 Restoring files and folders from file
archives, steps 1-9).
The current version of Acronis True Image Server for Windows can mount an image archive
only if all its volumes reside in the same directory. If your archive spans several CD-R/RW
discs and you wish to mount the image, you should copy all volumes to a hard disk drive or
network drive.
11.1 Mounting an image
1. Invoke the Mount Image Wizard by clicking on the Mount Image operation icon in
the main program window.
2. Click Next.
3. Select the archive from the drives tree. If the archive is located in Acronis Secure Zone,
select it to choose the archive at the next step.
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If you added a comment to the archive, it will be displayed to the right of the drives tree. If
the archive was protected with a password, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will ask
for it. Neither the partitions layout, nor the Next button will be enabled until you enter the
correct password.
4. Click Next.
5. If you selected an archive containing incremental images, Acronis True Image Server for
Windows will suggest that you select one of the successive incremental images by its
creation date/time. Thus, you can explore the partition state to a certain moment.
To mount an incremental image, you must have all previous incremental images and the
initial full image. If any of the successive images are missing, mounting is not possible.
To mount a differential image, you must have the initial full image as well.
6. Click Next.
7. Select a partition to mount as a virtual disk. (Note that you cannot mount the entire disk.)
You can also select a letter to be assigned to the virtual disk from the Drive letter dropdown list. If you do not want to assign a letter to the virtual drive, select Do not assign.
8. Click Next.
9. Select whether you want to mount image in Read-only or Read/Write mode.
10. Click Next.
11. If you select Read/Write mode, the program assumes that the connected image will be
modified, and creates an incremental archive file to capture the changes. It is strongly
recommended that you list the forthcoming changes in the comment to this file.
12. The program displays a summary containing a single operation. Click Proceed to
connect the selected partition image as a virtual disk.
13. After the image is connected, the program will run Windows Explorer, showing its
contents. Now you can operate with files or folders as if they were located on a real disk.
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You can connect multiple partition images. If you want to connect another partition image,
repeat the procedure.
11.2 Unmounting an image
We recommend that you unmount the virtual disk after all necessary operations are finished,
as keeping up virtual disks takes considerable system resources. If you do not, the virtual
disk will disappear after your server is turned off.
To disconnect the virtual disk, click Unmount Image and select the disk to unmount. You
can also unmount the disk in Windows Explorer by right-clicking on its icon and selecting
Unmount.
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Chapter 12.
new disk
Transferring the system to a
12.1 General information
Sooner or later any computer user finds out that the hard disk is too small. If you just don’t
have space for more data, you can add another disk just for data storage as described in the
following chapter.
However, you might find that your hard disk does not have enough space for the operating
system and installed applications, preventing you from updating your software. In this case,
you have to transfer the system to a higher-capacity hard disk.
To transfer the system, you must first install the disk in the server. If a server doesn’t have a
bay for another hard disk, you can temporarily install it in place of your CD-ROM. If that is
not possible, you can clone a hard disk by creating its image and restoring it to a new hard
disk with larger partitions.
There are two transfer modes available: automatic and manual.
In the automatic mode, you will only have to take some simple actions to transfer all the
data, including partitions, folders and files, to a newer disk, making it bootable if the original
disk was bootable.
There will be only one difference between these disks – partitions on the newer disk will be
larger. Everything else, including the installed operating systems, data, disk labels, settings,
software and everything else on the disk, will remain the same.
This is the only result available in the automatic mode. The program can only duplicate the
original disk layout to the new one. To obtain a different result, you will have to answer
additional questions about cloning parameters.
The manual mode will provide more data transfer flexibility.
1. You will be able to select the method of partition and data transfer:
•
as is
•
new disk space is proportionally distributed between the old disk partitions
•
new disk space is distributed manually
2. You will also be able to select operations to perform on the old disk:
•
leave partitions (and data!) on the old disk
•
remove all information from the old disk
•
create new partitions on the old disk (and remove all the older information)
On program screens, damaged partitions are marked with a red circle and a white cross
inside in the upper left corner. Before you start cloning, you should check such disks for
errors using the appropriate operating system tools.
12.2 Security
Please note the following: if the power goes out or you accidentally press RESET during the
transfer, the procedure will be incomplete and you will have to partition and format or clone
the hard disk again.
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No data will be lost because the original disk is only being read (no partitions are changed or
resized) until data transfer is completed.
Nevertheless, we do not recommend that you delete data from the old disk until you are
sure it is correctly transferred to the new disk, the server boots up from it and all
applications work.
12.3 Executing transfers
12.3.1 Selecting Clone mode
You will see the Clone mode window just after the welcome window.
We recommend using automatic mode in most cases. The manual mode can be useful if you
need to change the disk partition layout.
If the program finds two disks, one partitioned and another unpartitioned, it will
automatically recognize the source disk as the partitioned disk and the destination disk as
the unpartitioned disk, so the next two steps will be bypassed.
12.3.2 Selecting source disk
If the program finds several partitioned disks, it will ask you which is the source (i.e. the
older data disk).
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You can determine the source and destination using the information provided in this window
(disk number, capacity, label, partition and file system information).
12.3.3 Selecting destination disk
After you select the source disk, you have to select the destination where the disk
information will be copied.
The previously selected source becomes grayed-out and disabled for selection.
If either disk is unpartitioned, the program will automatically recognize it as the destination
and bypass this step.
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12.3.4 Partitioned destination disk
At this point, the program checks to see if the destination disk is free. If not, you will be
prompted by the Nonempty Destination Hard Disk window stating that the destination
disk contains partitions, perhaps with data.
You will have to select between:
•
Delete partitions on the destination hard disk – all existing partitions will be
deleted during cloning and all their data will be lost.
•
No, I do not want to delete partitions – no existing partition will be deleted,
discontinuing the cloning operation. You will only be able to cancel this operation and
return to select another disk.
To continue, select the first choice and click Next.
Note that no real changes or data destruction will be performed at this time! For now, the
program will just map out cloning. All changes will be implemented only when you click
Proceed.
12.3.5 Old and new disk partition layout
If you selected the automatic mode before, the program will ask you for nothing further. You
will see the window graphically illustrating information (as rectangles) about the source disk
(partitions and unallocated space) and the destination disk layout.
Along with the disk number, some additional information is provided: disk capacity, label,
partition and file system information. Partition types — primary, logical — and unallocated
space are marked with different colors.
Next you will see the cloning summary.
12.3.6 Old disk data
If you selected the manual mode, the program will ask you what to do with the old disk:
•
Create a new partition layout – All existing partitions and their data will be deleted
(but they will also be cloned to the new disk, so you won’t lose them)
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•
Keep data – leave the old disk partitions and data intact
•
Destroy data – destroy all data on the old disk.
If you are going to sell or give away your old disk, we recommend that you make sure you
destroyed the data on it.
If you are going to keep it for data storage, you can create a new partition layout on it. In
this case, the disk will be ready right after cloning is complete.
To protect yourself from unforeseen consequences, it would be better to leave the old disk
data intact, as you will be able to delete it later.
12.3.7 Destroying the old disk data
If you elected to destroy the old disk data in the previous step, you will have to select the
destruction method now:
•
Quick – quick one-pass destruction
•
Normal – multipass destruction
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The second method takes more time, but makes it impossible to recover data afterwards,
even with special equipment.
The first method is less secure, but is still suitable for most cases.
12.3.8 Selecting partition transfer method
Acronis True Image Server for Windows will offer you the following data transfer methods:
•
As is
•
Proportional – the new disk space will be proportionally distributed among cloned
partitions
•
Manual – you will specify the new size and other parameters yourself
If you elect to transfer information "as is," a new partition will be created for every old one
with the same size and type, file system and label. The unused space will become
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unallocated. Further, you will be able to use the unallocated space to create new partitions
or to enlarge the existing partitions with special tools, such as Acronis Disk Director Suite.
As a rule, "as is" transfers are inexpedient, as they leave much unallocated space on the new
disk. Using the "as is" method, Acronis True Image Server for Windows transfers
unsupported and damaged file systems.
If you transfer data proportionally, each partition will be enlarged, according to the
proportion of the old and new disk capacities.
FAT16 partitions are enlarged less than others, as they have a 4 GB size limit.
Depending on the selected combination, you will proceed to either the old disk partitioning
window, or the disk partition layout window (see below).
12.3.9 Partitioning the old disk
If you selected Create a new partition layout earlier in the process, it is now time to
repartition your old disk.
During this step, you will see the current disk partition layout. Initially, the disk has
unallocated space only. This will change when you create new partitions.
Having completed the required steps, you will add a new partition. To create another one,
simply repeat those steps.
If you make a mistake, click Back to redo.
After you create the necessary partitions, uncheck the Create new partition in
unallocated space box and click Next.
12.3.10 Old and new disk partition layouts
In the next window, you will see rectangles indicating the source hard disk, including its
partitions and unallocated space, as well as the new disk layout.
Along with the hard disk number, you will also see disk capacity, label, partition and file
system information. Different partition types, including primary, logical and unallocated
space are marked with different colors.
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If you selected manual partition creation earlier, the partition layout will look different. This
partitioning method is described below.
12.3.11 Cloning summary
In the next window, you will see a list of briefly described operations to be performed on the
disks.
Cloning a disk containing the currently active operating system will require a reboot. In that
case, after clicking Proceed you will be asked to confirm the reboot. Canceling the reboot
will cancel the entire procedure.
Cloning a non-system disk or a disk containing an operating system, but one that is not
currently active, will proceed without reboot. After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image
Server for Windows will start cloning the old disk to the new disk, indicating the progress in
a special window. You can stop this procedure by clicking Cancel. In that case, you will
have to repartition and format the new disk or repeat the cloning procedure. After the
operation is complete, you will see the results message.
12.4 Cloning with manual partitioning
12.4.1 Old and new disk partition layouts
The manual transfer method enables you to resize partitions on the new disk. By default, the
program resizes them proportionally.
In the next window, you will see rectangles indicating the source hard disk, including its
partitions and unallocated space, as well as the new disk layout.
Along with the hard disk number, you will see disk capacity, label, partition and file system
information. Different partition types, including primary, logical and unallocated space are
marked with different colors.
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To resize either partition, check the Proceed relayout box. If you are satisfied with the
partition layout shown, uncheck this box (if checked). Clicking Next, you will proceed to the
cloning summary window.
Be careful! Clicking Back in this window will reset all size and location changes that you've
selected, so you will have to specify them again.
First, select a partition to resize. It will be underlined in red.
Resize and relocate it on the next step.
You can do this by entering values to Unallocated space before, Partition size,
Unallocated space after fields, by dragging partition borders or the partition itself.
If the cursor turns to two vertical lines with left and right arrows, it is pointed at the partition
border and you can drag it to enlarge or reduce the partition’s size. If the cursor turns to
four arrows, it is pointed at the partition, so you can move it to the left or right (if there's
unallocated space near it).
Having provided the new location and size, click Next. You will be taken two steps back to
the partition layout. You might have to perform some more resizing and relocation before
you get the layout you need.
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Chapter 13. Adding a new hard disk
If you don't have enough space for your data, you can either replace the old disk with a new
higher-capacity one (data transfers to new disks are described in the previous chapter), or
add a new disk only to store data, leaving the system on the old disk. If the server has space
for another disk, it would be easier to add a data disk drive than to clone a system one.
To add a new disk, you must first install it in your server.
13.1 Selecting a hard disk
Select the disk that you've added to the server.
This window might be bypassed if the program detects the new disk itself. In this case, you
will immediately proceed to the new partition creation.
If there are any partitions on the new disk, they must be deleted first.
Select Delete partitions on the destination hard disk and click Next to continue.
13.2 Creating new partitions
Next you will see the current partition layout. Initially, all disk space will be unallocated. This
will change after you add new partitions.
To create a partition, select Create new partition in unallocated space and click Next
to perform steps required by the partition creation wizard.
You will be prompted to set the new partition location and size. You can do this by both
entering values to Unallocated space before, Partition size, Unallocated space after
fields, by dragging partition borders or the partition itself.
If the cursor turns to two vertical lines with left and right arrows, it is pointed at the partition
border and you can drag it to enlarge or reduce the partition size. If the cursor turns to four
arrows, it is pointed at the partition, so you can move it to the left or right (if there is
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unallocated space near it). Having provided the new partition location and size, you can
input a label for the new partition.
If you make a mistake at partitioning, click Back to redo the process.
Finally, you will be taken back to the partition layout screen. Check the resulting partitions
layout and start creating another partition or move on by unchecking Create new partition
in unallocated space and clicking Next.
13.3 Disk add summary
The disk add summary contains a list of operations to be performed on disks.
After you click Proceed, Acronis True Image Server for Windows will start creating and
formatting new partitions, indicating the progress in a special window. You can stop this
procedure by clicking Cancel. In that case, you will have to repartition and format the new
disk or repeat the disk add procedure.
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Chapter 14.
scripting
Command-line
mode
and
Acronis True Image Server for Windows supports the command-line mode, as well as the
GUI mode, and can be used to execute XML scripts.
14.1 Working in the command-line mode
An administrator might need a console interface in some situations. Acronis True Image
Server for Windows supports this mode with TrueImageCmd.exe utility. The file is located
in a folder where Acronis True Image Server for Windows has been installed, by default it is
C:\Program Files\Acronis\TrueImageServer.
14.1.1 Supported commands
TrueImageCmd has the following format:
trueimagecmd /[command] /[option1] [option2]…
The following commands are supported (each command may be accompanied by additional
options):
1. create
Creates an image file with the specified file name. A full image is created by default. Use the
/incremental option to create an incremental image.
Options
/progress:[on | off]
Shows/hides the progress information (percent completed). It is shown by default.
/filename:[filename]
Sets the image file name.
/password:[password]
Protects an image with a password.
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when creating an image on a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when creating an image on a network drive.
/harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the hard disks to include into the image file by numbers. The list of available hard
disks is provided by the /list command. An image may contain data of more than one hard
disk. In that case, separate disk numbers by commas, e.g.:
/harddisk:1,3
/partition:[partition number]
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Specifies the partitions to include into the image file by numbers. The list of available
partitions is provided by /list. Partition numbers are specified as <disk number>-<partition
number>, e.g.:
/partition:1-1,1-2,3-1
Dynamic volumes are specified by letters, e.g.:
/partition:C,E
/file_partition:[partition letter]
Specifies the partition where the image file will be stored (by letter or number). This option
is used with /filename:file_name. In that case the file name must be specified without drive
letter or root folder. For example:
/file_partition:D /filename:"\1.tib”
/raw
Use this option to create an image of a disk (partition) with unrecognized or unsupported file
system. This will copy all disk/partition contents sector-by-sector. Without this option only
the sectors containing useful system and user data are imaged.
/compression:[0…9]
Specifies the image compression level. It ranges from 0 to 9 and is set to 3 by default.
/incremental
Sets the image type to incremental. If there is no basic image file to which to append an
incremental one, a full image will be created.
/split:[size in MB]
Splits the image file into parts of the specified size.
/reboot
Reboots the server after the operation is completed.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
2. deploy
Restores a disk or partition from an image.
Options
/filename:[filename]
Specifies the name of the image file to restore.
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when restoring an image from a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when restoring an image from a network drive.
/file_partition:[partition letter]
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Specifies the partition where the image file is stored (by letter or number). This option is
used with /filename:file_name. In this case the file name must be specified without drive
letter or root folder. For example:
/file_partition:D /filename:"\1.tib”
/password:[password]
Specifies the password for the image file (if required).
/harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the hard disks to restore by numbers.
/partition:[partition number]
Specifies the partitions to restore by numbers.
/target_harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the hard disk number where the image will be restored.
/start:[start sector]
Sets the start sector for restoring a partition to the hard disk unallocated space.
/size:[partition size in sectors]
Sets the new partition size (in sectors).
/type:[active | primary | logical]
Sets the new partition type. By default (if this option is not defined) an active partition is
created on the first hard disk and logic partitions on other disks.
/target_partition:[partition number]
Specifies the target partition number for restoring a partition over the existing one. If the
option is not specified, the program assumes that the target partition number is the same as
the partition number specified with the /partition option.
/reboot
Reboots the server after the operation is completed.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
3. list
Displays the list of the available drives and partitions.
Options
/filename:[filename]
Lists the image file contents.
When listing image contents, partition numbers may not coincide with those in the
drives/partitions list, if the image does not contain all the disk partitions. For example, if the
image contains partitions 2-3 and 2-5, they will be listed as 2-1 and 2-2.
If the deploy /partition command cannot find a partition in the image by its physical
number
(for
example
2-5),
use
/partition:<number
in
the
image>
/target_partition:<physical number of the target partition> keys. For example, to
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restore partition 2-5 to its original place use:
/partition:2-2 /target partition:2-5.
/password:[password]
Specifies the password for the image file (if required).
4. clone
Clones a hard disk.
Options
/harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies a source hard disk which will be cloned to the new hard disk.
/target_harddisk:[disk number]
Specifies the target hard disk number where the source hard disk will be cloned.
5. explore
Connects an image file as a virtual drive.
Options
/filename:[image file name]
The image file name.
/password:[image password]
The password for the image file (if required).
/partition:[partitions list]
Specifies a list of partitions to be mounted as virtual drives. Without this option, all partitions
stored in the image file will be mounted.
/letter
Assigns letters to the mounted drives. This option is used with /partition option only.
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when exploring an image from a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when exploring an image from a network drive.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
6. unplug
Unmounts the image file connected as a virtual drive.
Options
/letter:X
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Specifies the virtual disk to be disconnected by letter.
/letter:all
Disconnects all virtual drives.
7. asz_create
Creates Acronis Secure Zone on the selected drive.
Options
/harddisk:X
Specifies the hard disk number where the Acronis Secure Zone will be created.
/partition:[partitions list]
Specifies partitions from which free space will be taken for Acronis Secure Zone creation.
/size:[ASZ size in sectors]
Sets the Acronis Secure Zone size (in sectors). If this size is not specified, it will be set as
average between maximal and minimal values, including unallocated spaces on the all listed
partitions.
/asz_activate
Activates the Acronis Secure Zone after creation (or, rather, activates Acronis Startup
Recovery Manager).
/asz_activate option will not take effect if the system partition is resized during Acronis
Secure Zone creation. Use /asz_activate command to activate Acronis Secure Zone after it is
created.
/reboot
Reboots the server after the Acronis Secure Zone is created.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
8. asz_delete
Deletes the Acronis Secure Zone from your hard disk.
Options
/partition:[partitions list]
Specifies partitions to which free space will be added after the Acronis Secure Zone is
deleted. If you specify several partitions, the space will be distributed proportionally to each
partition’s size.
/log:[file name]
Creates a log file of the current operation with the specified file name.
9. asz_activate
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Activates the Acronis Secure Zone (or, rather, activates Acronis Startup Recovery Manager).
This command may also be used as an option with ‘asz_create’ command.
10. verify
Verifies the image archive data integrity.
Options
/filename:[filename]
Specifies the name of the image file to verify.
/password:[image password]
Specifies the password for image file (if required).
/net_user:[username]
Specifies a user name when verifying an image from a network drive.
/net_password:[password]
Specifies a user password when verifying an image from a network drive.
11. help
Shows help for commands.
14.1.2 trueimagecmd.exe usage examples
1. Create image
trueimagecmd /create /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:21,1-3
•
This will create an image named 1.tib of the partitions 2-1 and 1-3. Image will be saved
to c:\Test\ folder.
trueimagecmd /create /filename:"\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1,13 /file_partition:3-1
•
This will create an image named 1.tib of the partitions 2-1 and 1-3. Image will be saved
to partition 3-1.
trueimagecmd /create /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib"
/password:qwerty /harddisk:2 /reboot /raw /incremental
/compression:5 /split:640 /progress:off
•
This will append an incremental image to the image named 1.tib of hard disk 2. The
image will be saved to c:\Test\ folder, protected with password “qwerty”, split into parts
of 640 MB, and contain all cluster data. Image compression level is 5. The server will be
rebooted after the operation is completed.
2. Restore image
trueimagecmd /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1
•
This will restore partition 2-1 from image 1.tib.
trueimagecmd /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib"
/password:qwerty /harddisk:2
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•
This will restore hard disk 2 from image 1.tib, protected with password ‘qwerty’.
trueimagecmd /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1
/target_partition:1-1
•
This will restore partition 2-1, stored in image 1.tib, to partition 1-1.
trueimagecmd /deploy /filename:"C:\Test\1.tib" /partition:2-1
/target_harddisk:3 /start:0 /size:64000 /type:logical
•
This will restore partition 2-1, stored in image 1.tib, to hard disk 3. A new logical partition
will be created on disk 3 from 0 to 64000 sector.
trueimagecmd /deploy /filename:z:\Server30Cdrive.tib
/partition:1-1 /target_partition:2-1 /type:active
/password:123qwe
•
This will restore partition 1-1, stored in image Server30Cdrive.tib, protected with
password ‘123qwe’, to partition 2-1. The restored partition will be of active type.
3. List
trueimagecmd /list
•
This will list available partitions.
4. Clone
trueimagecmd /clone /harddisk:2 /target_harddisk:3
•
Clone hard disk 2 to hard disk 3.
5. Explore image
trueimagecmd /explore /filename:\\myserver\backup\mybackup.tib
/net_user:john /net_password:qwerty
•
This will connect all images, stored in file mybackup.tib on the network drive, as virtual
drives.
14.1.3 Command-line mode usage under DOS
For use in the MS-DOS compatible environments Acronis True Image Server for Windows
includes the TrueImageCmdDos.exe utility. It is located in a folder where Acronis True
Image Server for Windows has been installed, by default it is C:\Program
Files\Acronis\TrueImageServer.
14.2 Scripting
14.2.1 Script execution parameters
Scripts are executed by the TrueImageTerminal.exe utility located in the Acronis True
Image
Server
for
Windows
installation
folder
(i.e.
C:\Program
Files\Acronis\TrueImageServer). This utility is also used to monitor backup progress.
TrueImageTerminal execution parameters:
TrueImageTerminal.exe [arguments]
Arguments include the following:
/help – outputs help information about TrueImageTerminal.exe parameters.
Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
89
/progress – outputs progress of backup operations run either from Acronis True Image
Server for Windows graphics user interface, or from the script.
/execute: [script file name] – executes a script. If there are several scripts to be
executed, they are queued. An example for executing MyBackup.tis script:
TrueImageTerminal.exe /execute:C:\MyBackup.tis
/nowait – an optional script execution argument. Enables to terminate TrueImageTerminal
before backup is finished. Example:
TrueImageTerminal /execute:C:\MyBackup.tis /nowait
By pressing Ctrl+C you can force backup
TrueImageTerminal to background operation.
progress
output
off
and
switch
You can terminate backup operation executed by TrueImageTerminal by pressing Ctrl+B.
14.2.2 Script structure
Scripts are written in the XML language and you can use the following tags:
Source. Specifies the partitions or disks to be imaged. Letters assigned to partitions must be
used without colon. Disk numbers correspond to their system numbers. To create images of
several partitions or disks, use the SOURCE tag for each of them, e.g.:
<source letter =”C” />
<source letter =”D” />
<source disk =”1” />
<source disk =”2” />
Target. Specifies the name and the location of an image file, e.g.:
<target file=“E:\Mybackup2.tib” username=”username”
password=”password” />
username and password parameters are optional. They are used to access networked
resources.
As a target for the image files you can indicate CD-R/RW or tape drive.
Options. This tag can be used with a number of additional parameters:
Compression: specifies the backup compression level. Can be None, Low, Normal, High.
Incremental: specifies whether you need to create an incremental image file. If equal to
”false” (or “0”), a full image file will be created. If there is already a file with the name
specified, it will be replaced without warnings. If equal to “true” (or “1”) and there is already
a file with the name specified, an incremental image will be created. Otherwise the program
will create a full image file. The default value for this parameter is “true”.
Description: adds a description to an image file. The comment must be a single string
(though its length is not limited.)
Split: splits a large image file into a number of smaller files of the specified size, which can
be provided in bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, etc.
Password: adds password protection to an image file.
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Copyright © Acronis, Inc., 2000-2006
14.2.3 Script usage examples
The following example illustrates the usage of a script to backup two partitions (logical
drives), C and F. mybackup2.tib is specified as an incremental image file. High compression
level is selected and the image is to be split into 650MB parts for recording to CD-R/RW
media. Password protection will also be added. The entire script must be located between
the <backup> and <backup/> tags.
<? xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<backup>
<source letter ="c" />
<source letter ="f" />
<target file="e:\mybackup2.tib" />
<options compression="high" incremental="true"
description="this is my backup" split="650 Mb" password="" />
<backup/>
The script for backing up to tape (tapeN specifies the tapes numbers):
<? xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<backup>
<source letter =”c” />
<source letter ="f" />
<target cdrw="\taperecorder\\\.\tape0|||” />
<target cdrw="\taperecorder\\\.\tape1|||” />
<options compression="high" incremental="true"
description="this is my backup" />
<backup/>
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91
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