Selva | CAPRI - S95 | Specifications | Selva CAPRI - S95 Specifications

OWER'S MANUAL
Zadar - Capri
This manual must be considered as an integral part of your outboard motor and has to be kept with it, also if the motor is resold.
Selva joint-stock CO. reserve the right to change its product at any moment, except for the essential specifications, which will be
kept as they are.
Any reference to products or details of a third party has only an informative purpose and it doesn't represent an obligation.
Selva joint-stock CO. doesn't take on any responsibility concerning the performance or the employment of these products.
We are glad that you have chosen a SELVA MARINE product, which means quality, technology and careful research. Your choice
will give you many advantages, which you will soon learn to appreciate. Our dealers, our after-sales service and the guarantee,
which you have signed, together with the observance of the information contained in this owner's manual are the essential
conditions to give your recent purchase a long life.
Your holiday, your favourite sport, your job, which has from today the name SELVA MARINE, will be a further moment of
satisfaction.
This manual belongs to Selva joint-stock CO. All rights reserved. Any partial or total reprinting without the permission is
prohibited.
1
ATTENTION
INTRODUCTION
Before operating this outboard motor, read this Owner's Manual carefully
and completely, pay attention especially to the safety measures and
rules.
Pay attention to all the particularly important information that in this
manual are distinguished in the following ways :
Your safety and other people's safety do not depend only on your ability
at using the motor, but they depend also on your knowledge and on the
efficiency of the motor as well as on the respect of the laws and
regulations relating to the use of outboard motors.
Safety measures and rules, which protect the machine
operator and other people from serious accidents or
We suggest you improve your knowledge of the motor so that you can
sail with mastery and confidence.
risks.
If any kind of repair on the motor should not have been clearly described
in this manual or if you want to order spare parts or accessories, or if you
have any question about the operation or maintenance of your outboard
motor, please consult an authorised SELVA MARINE service station or
SELVA MARINE dealer
Directions or special precautions that must be taken to
avoid damage to the outboard motor or personal
accidents.
Directions that make procedures easier or clearer.
Technical information.
2
OUTBOARD MOTOR IDENTIFICATION DATA
SERIAL NUMBER RECORD
This data is stamped on the label attached on the clamp bracket, as
shown on the picture 1.
Write down the identification number and the model of your outboard
When you receive your new SELVA outboard motor write down the serial
number, it will be useful to you in case you will have to order spare parts
or for reference if your outboard motor should be stolen.
motor in the spaces below.
MODEL
Make sure that the data on the label is the same as the
data written in your registration book.
Picture No.1
SERIAL NUMBER
Do not install an outboard motor with more horsepower
than shown in the certification of your boat.
3
CONTENTS
Running-in procedure....................................................................17
Outboard motor identification data................................................. 3
Stopping procedure ....................................................................17
Emergency stopping procedures ..................................................17
Stopping in normal conditions .......................................................17
Stopping for a long period of storage ............................................18
Serial number record ..................................................................... 3
Shallow water cruising ...............................................................18
Directions for use. Basic safety measures..................................... 5
Removal of the motor from the boat..............................................18
Specifications................................................................................. 8
Cleaning .......................................................................................19
Location of main components........................................................ 9
Cleaning outside ...........................................................................19
Control functions........................................................................... 10
Cleaning cooling-water passages .................................................19
GENERAL INFORMATION............................................................. 1
Introduction .................................................................................... 2
Wiring diagram.............................................................................. 11
MAINTENANCE..............................................................................19
Symbols ........................................................................................ 11
Introduction ...................................................................................19
THE USE OF OUTBOARD MOTOR .............................................. 12
Periodic inspections and adjustments chart..................................20
Preliminary controls chart ............................................................ 12
Greasing chart ..............................................................................20
Check of the supply ...................................................................... 13
Greasing and additions .................................................................21
Outboard motor mounting............................................................. 13
Gearbox-oil change.......................................................................21
Trim angle adjusting ..................................................................... 14
Spark-plug.....................................................................................21
Fuel .............................................................................................. 15
Fuel............................................................................................... 15
Preparation of the fuel .................................................................. 15
Fuel tank clamping and pipes connection..................................... 15
Sacrificial anode............................................................................22
Replacement of the propeller ........................................................22
Storage..........................................................................................23
Starting ........................................................................................ 16
Verifications before starting the motor .......................................... 16
Starting procedures ...................................................................... 16
Verifications when the motor is on................................................ 16
Emergency starting procedures................................................ 17
TROUBLESHOOTING....................................................................24
Troubleshooting chart ...................................................................24
EXPLANATORY PICTURES..........................................................26
4
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
BASIC SAFETY MEASURES
Use fuels and oils suitable for the engine, which are listed in the "greasing
chart ".
Check every so often the oil level and the fuel level.
To use the outboard motor you must have all requisites provided by law
(physical suitability, insurance, government duties, registration, and so on).
We suggest you become familiar with your boat equipped with SELVA
motor in places, which are not too crowded.
Stop the motor before every kind of maintenance or cleaning procedures,
and in case of complicated maintenance take the spark-plug cap out.
Picture No. 2.
Taking some medicines, alcoholic drinks or drugs increase considerably
the risk of accidents.
Make sure that you are in a physical condition suitable for driving. Pay
attention to tiredness and sleepiness.
Before opening the top cowling, wait till the engine has cooled down.
Do not open the top cowling, when the engine is running.
Picture No. 3.
The engine operator should not let his mind wander, or be distracted or
influenced by other people, things or actions,(do not smoke, eat, read, and
so on.) while steering the boat.
5
PAY ATTENTION TO THE PROPELLER
The propeller is certainly the least protected part of your motor. It is
therefore forbidden to get near the propeller when this is in rotating. You
must leave bathers, skiers and other boat users enough space to move, in
order to avoid any contact with the propeller.
Picture No. 4.
There must be nobody within the motor steering radius.
Picture No. 11.
The free lock lever must always be engaged while the motor is in motion.
Never tilt-up the motor out of the water, while it is in motion.
Picture No. 12.
The engine operator must attach the engine stop switch lanyard to his
wrist when the motor is on.
Picture No. 5.
Never pull the recoil starter handle, while the motor is running.
Picture No. 13.
Never sit on the motor.
Picture No. 6.
To transport the motor use only the proper handle.
Before transporting the motor you have to tilt-up the steering rod properly.
The fuel tank is also provided with a handle to use for the transport.
Picture No. 14.
Never change the inclination angle of your motor using the steering rod,
but use the proper handle.
Picture No. 7.
The motor must always have its top cowling on, when it is operating
Picture-No. 8.
When starting or operating the engine, do not touch electrical parts and
particularly the ignition-coil, the high voltage wire, the spark-plug cap and
the spark-plug itself.
When you connect the fuel joint, check the proper connection.
Picture No. 9.
When opening the safety valve of the fuel tank, highly flammable vapours
come out. Do not smoke, inhale or use open flames close to it.
When starting there must be nobody within the engine operator's action
radius.
Picture No. 10.
6
Prevent fires and explosions.
If the motor has had an accident, you should have it fully checked, before
you use it again. If necessary let the SELVA MARINE authorised skilled
staff have a look at it.
Do not use the motor, if the damage could have compromised the sailing
safety.
Before operating an outboard motor, you must know the laws and
regulations relating to navigation.
Avoid sudden and dangerous manoeuvres
Any alteration attempted on your motor or the removal of any of its basic
elements, can compromise its safety and it is besides against the law, and
anyway it means the immediate loss of your guarantee.
SELVA motors are only meant as propulsion for pleasure craft.
SELVA joint-stock CO. declines all responsibility for any damage to items
or harm done to any person, which is due to an improper use of the motor.
Observe the laws in force.
Pay great attention to the weather conditions. Listen to the weather
forecast and take the warnings to the sailors into consideration.
Keep your boat and equipment on board in a perfect state of efficiency.
Keep enough spare parts on board.
Inform somebody of your route, before sailing.
7
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
POWER
FULL THROTTLE OPERATING
RANGE
PISTON DISPLACEMENT
BORE X STROKE
NUMBER OF CYLINDER
ENGINE TYPE
FUEL PUMP
AVERAGE CONSUMPTION
FUEL
FUEL TANK
RECOMMENDED ENGINE-OIL
IGNITION
SPARK LEAD
STARTING
SPARK PLUGS
EXHAUST
COOLING
PROPELLER REDUCTION RATIO
GEAR SHIFT LEVER
RECOMMENDED GEARBOX-OIL
GEARBOX-OIL QUANTITY
PROPELLER TYPE
TRIM ANGLE ADJUSTING
SUSPENSIONS
RECOMMENDED HEIGHT OF
THE TRANSOMS(mm.)
WEIGHT (Kg.)
ZADAR – S85
4 HP / 2.94 Kw
5000
CAPRI - S95
5 HP / 3.7 Kw
4500
CAPRI - S135
6 HP / 4.4 Kw
5000
85
49 X 45
1
123
123
56 X 50
56 X 50
1
1
cycle eight - 2 stroke
N° 1 membrane pump
1,5 litres/hour
2 litres/hour
mixture of petrol and "SELVA OUTBOARD MOTOR OIL" (TC-WII) oil
separated lt. 13 ( incorporated lt. 1.8 )
"SELVA OUTBOARD MOTOR OIL" oil mixed with petrol at 2%
electronic nautical with capacitive discharge
electronic automatic programmed with the engine revolutions
manual with rope, which returns automatically on the pulley
Bosch W7BC + Champion L87Y - Lodge H - heat range 175
submarine depression-working through the propeller-hub
water cooling with forced circulation caused by a pump
13/30
forward gear - neutral gear - reverse gear
( shaft rotation of 360° )
"SELVA OUTBOARD MOTOR GEARBOX OIL" (API GL-5 SAE 80W/90)
220 cc. / 200 gr.
anti-weed with three blades
5 positions, which you can select through pin
anti vibrations annular shock-absorbers
normal shaft 380 - long shaft 510
normal shaft 19 - long shaft 19.5
Selva joint-stock CO reserve the right to change weight, construction, materials and characteristics without warning and without therefore having to change
the motors, which were built previously. See Picture No. 15 for the dimensions of your motor.
8
LOCATION OF MAIN COMPONENTS
See picture No. 16
N°
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
Tilt-up handle and air intake
Back cowling lock lever
Transport handle
Cooling system warning lamp
Gear-shift lever ( R = reverse gear ; N = neutral gear ; F = forward gear )
Steering adjustment
Shallow water lever
Trim angle adjusting-rod
Anode
Anti-cavitation plate
Water inlet
Propeller nut
Propeller
Front cowling lock lever
Choke knob
Recoil starter handle
Stop button
Fuel joint
Oil-level plug hole
Hole for the engine cleaning joint plug
Oil drain-plug hole
Throttle-control adjustment
Accelerator grip
Engine stop switch
Tilt support bar
Clamp-screws
Motor support
Fuel tank cap (model with incorporated fuel tank only)
Safety valve on the fuel tank
9
Emergency engine stop switch.
Button to stop the engine in an emergency.
Picture No. 23.
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Gear-shift lever for Zadar model.
Starting out from the position of neutral gear ( N ), turn the lever in boat
direction and you engage the clutch with the forward gear.
Picture No. 17.
Throttle-control adjustment.
Device which permit to have a constant speed.
Picture No. 24.
Gear-shift lever for Capri model.
Starting out from the position of neutral gear ( N ), turn the lever in boat
direction and you engage the clutch with the forward gear.
Turning it in the opposite direction, you engage the reverse gear ( R ).
Picture No. 18.
Accelerator-grip/steering-handle.
Turn the grip to operate the accelerator, and move it sideways to adjust
the steering angle. Picture No. 25.
Cowling lock lever.
Moving this two levers upwards locks the top cowling. To remove the top
cowling push the cowling lock levers downwards. Picture No. 26.
Push-button to stop the motor.
Pressing the stop button (red) the ignition circuit is broken and the engine
stops immediately. Picture No. 19.
Choke knob.
Pulling this knob supplies a rich mixture required to start a cold engine.
Picture No. 20.
Free-lock mechanism.
This mechanism is used to prevent reverse thrust from the propeller lifting
the outboard motor when reversing.
Picture No. 27.
Fuel joint
Connecting the fast fuel joint, you connect the fuel hose to the fuel tank.
Picture No. 21.
Clamp-screws.
Use them to clamp the outboard motor on the transom.
Recoil starter handle.
Pulling this handle starts the engine.
Picture No. 22.
Steering adjustment grip.
With it you can adjust the resistance to steering movement. Screw it to
increase resistance. Picture No. 29.
Picture No. 28.
10
Shallow water lever.
It release the tilt support bar. Picture No. 30.
SYMBOLS see picture No. 33.
Trim angle adjusting-rod.
It can be positioned in different holes in order to obtain the appropriate trim
angle.
Picture No. 31.
1 - A serious risk is present. The machine operator must read and follow
the instructions in the manual.
2 - Pull the choke knob.
Wiring diagram.
3 - Position of the gear-shift lever.
Legend
4 - Outboard motor free lock.
1 - Flywheel
2 - Ignition-coil
5 - Opening level of the throttle.
3 - Sparking plug.
6 - Warning against fire hazard.
4 - Emergency engine stop switch.
7 - Starter-switch for engine.
5 - Button to stop the motor
8 - Button to stop the motor
Picture No. 32.
11
THE USE OF OUTBOARD MOTOR
PRELIMINARY CONTROLS CHART
DETAIL
Complete supply
CHECK DESCRIPTION
Check that the motor supply includes all the components, that are in the detailed list
PAGE
13
Check the proper installation of your motor ( the centre of the transom).
13
Right installation
Fuel
Fuel hose connection
Check of the equipment on board
Check the proper mounting height of your motor.
13
Check the tightness of the clamp screws.
13
Check the conformity of the fuel to the detailed list.
15
15
Check the proper connection of the fuel hose.
Check that you have on board everything necessary to face a possible emergency.
If you ever have a question about the operation of
your outboard motor, or if you should find any kind of anomaly,
please consult a SELVA MARINE dealer. The time which is
needed to check your motor is very modest, but the safety, that
you obtain from it is enormous
Before leaving always check your motor to make sure that it is
in a perfect state of efficiency, check its proper and safe
functionality. Failure to check as shown in the chart could
result in severe injury to people or damage to the boat.
12
c
Outboard motor mounting
Check of the supply.
When you receive your motor, check that:
A good position of the motor on the transom is very important to
have an appropriate trim angle and therefore to obtain a good
performance from your boat
To have the optimum mounting height of the outboard motor, you must
mount it so that the anti-cavitation plate is between the bottom of the boat
and a level of 2 cm below it and it is parallel to it.
- the packing is integral
- the supply corresponds to the detailed list:
1. the entire motor
2. fuel tank supplied complete with the fuel hose and fast fuel joint (
for the motors with separate fuel tank )
3. tool-bag
4. use and maintenance manual
5. certificate of guarantee
6. list of our dealers and our after-sales service
7. declaration of conformity E.E.C.
If the mounting-height is too high, cavitation tends to occur and
consequently there will be a falling-off in the performance and
a probable overheating of the motor.
If the mounting-height is too low, the water-resistance will
increase and thereby reduce engine efficiency.
Picture No. 35.
- that there is no evident damage. If there is a damage or if parts are
missing, you must inform immediately and in detail the forwardingagent, SELVA joint-stock CO. or its area agents.
Picture No. 34
The motor must be vertical to the water surface and the bracket
mounted on a flat even surface and should be fully supported
by the top edge of the transom.
If the bracket is not fully supported or, if the transom height is
too low, a hard wood block should be securely fitted between
the bracket and the transom.
Picture No. 36.
13
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Trim angle adjusting
− push down the free-lock lever and tilt up the motor ;
− remove the adjusting-rod and reposition the rod in the
The trim angle is the inclination angle, that should be given to the motor in
order to obtain an optimal performance from your boat.
desired hole, which allows the appropriate trim angle;
− unlock the tilt support bar and bring again the motor in the
vertical position, so that it leans on the adjustment pin;
− set the free-lock lever to the lock position;
An improper trim angle does not only affect the performance of
your boat, but can also cause loss of control, which means
danger for the people on board.
Improperly distributed load on boat or in different positions, can
alter the ideal trim conditions.
While sailing the motor should be perpendicular to the water
surface, but the trim angle can be 3 degrees to 5 degrees.
You must adjust the trim angle when the engine is switched off.
Picture No. 37
If the trim angle is made too great, the buoyancy centre of the
boat will shift towards the stern. In this condition, and if the
stability moment at the bow is large, the boat will tend to
"porpoise". If the trim angle is insufficient, the bow may
"plough", making the boat unstable.
When the boat is in stable trim it remains parallel to the water.
Ensure the transom clamp screws are tightened securely
Picture No. 38.
To adjust the trim angle proceed as follows:
− close the safety valve of the fuel tank (for motors with
incorporated fuel tank );
14
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Preparation of the fuel
FUEL
Fuel
Use only petrol with a octane number higher than 95 N.O.
Research and that they not contain alcohol, with the addition of
2% of oil proper for mixture (see the detailed list)
For the motors with incorporated fuel tank it is preferable to use already
prepared mixture or you should remove the top cowling and mix the fuel
thoroughly by shaking. In this case at the end of this operation, you must
check the proper connection of the fast fuel joint, before replacing the
cowling. Picture No. 39.
The fuel used for the propulsion of internal combustion engines
is highly flammable and, in certain cases can become
explosive.
Refuelling and maintenance operations must be done in a wellventilated area and with the engine stopped.
Do not smoke while refuelling, keep away from sparks, flames,
or other sources of ignition, which could cause fire or
explosion.
Do not spill gasoline. If gasoline spills, wipe it immediately with
dry rags, before starting the motor .
Do not overfill the fuel tank, because gasoline expands with
the heat and the sun radiation.
Tighten the filler cap securely after refuelling.
Do not let gasoline get into your eyes or onto your skin. Avoid
swallowing gasoline or inhaling its vapour. Do not pour fuel off
using a pipe.
It is a good custom, if you use the motor after a break longer
than one day, to shake the fuel tank in order to mix oil and
petrol thoroughly.
Fuel tank clamping and pipes connection
Put the fuel tank horizontally in the hull, anchored to the bottom, in a place
where it does not hinder your movements and so that the piping is long
enough to reach the motor.
Then connect the piping to the fuel joint.
Picture No. 40.
For this operation you have to insert the female fast fuel joint.
Picture No. 41.
Now you have to check the connection, pulling lightly the joint (do not pull
grasping the hose).
Picture No. 42.
KEEP OUT OF CHILDREN REACH
To release it is enough to pull the ring nut of the fast joint.
15
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STARTING
Verifications before starting the motor
You don't need to use the choke-knob, if the engine is warm.
If the motor doesn't start after several attempts, you should refer
to the troubleshooting section.
Check that the top cowling is locked, that the free-lock
mechanism is in the lock position and that the gear-shift lever
is in the neutral position ( N ).
Picture No. 43.
Verifications when the motor is on
Just after starting the motor, you should make sure that :
Make sure that the lock plate is installed on the engine stop
switch.
Picture No. 44.
- after 5/10 seconds, water runs out from the cooling-water
pilot-holes. The indicator at the entrance of the circuit,
provides only for the proper operation of the pump and not
for the circulation of water in the head and in the cylinder .
That means that possible shortages will not be indicated.
If water does not flow from the pilot-holes check to see if the
water-inlets are blocked. Picture No. 51;
Starting procedures
Loose the safety valve on the fuel tank.
Picture No. 45
Fill up the carburettor with fuel using the little hand pump ( you have
reached your aim, when the pump has become firm ). If your engine is
cold, you have to pull the choke knob.
Picture No. 46.
- that you do not hear any strange noise;
Place the throttle-grip in the "start" position.
Picture No. 47.
Pull the starter-handle slowly so that the starter pinion engages with the
flywheel.
Then give a strong pull, but not too strong, and repeat if necessary the
procedure.
Picture No. 48.
Set the choke knob to home position.
Picture No. 49.
Pull the starter-handle powerfully until the engine starts.
Picture No. 50.
- that the throttle-grip operates in a proper way;
- that the gear shift lever operates properly and that with the
reverse gear selected the motor does not rise;
- that the engine stop switch operates properly;
16
c
Emergency starting procedures
During the first 3 running hours do not accelerate too much,
and during the following navigation hours you can accelerate
properly but only for short periods.
After about 20 hours you have to change entirely the gearboxoil (see the greasing sectioning this manual).
If the starter does not operate, the engine may be started with an
emergency starter rope.
Carry out the following operations :
remove the cowling; place the gear-shift lever in the neutral position " N ",
and the throttle-grip in the start position and check the installation of the
lock-plate on the engine stop switch. Insert the knotted end of the
emergency starter rope into the notch in the flywheel rotor, wind the rope
two turns clockwise, then pull strongly to start. repeat if necessary.
A good running in will allow you to obtain a good performance
from your motor and a longer endurance of it.
STOPPING PROCEDURE
When starting the engine with the emergency starter rope, it is
very important to make sure that nothing can get entangled in
the engine. A rotating flywheel is very dangerous. never try to
replace the top cowling when the engine is running. Proceed at
once to the nearest port to get the engine repaired. Take care
to prevent water splashing onto the flywheel.
Emergency stopping procedures.
RUNNING-IN PROCEDURE
In an emergency you must stop your motor pulling the engine
stop switch lanyard.
A SELVA outboard motor is tested completely in our workshop and it is
partially run in a tank. A second test is done by the concessionaire It is
always advisable to complete the running in procedure in the following
way:
To start the motor again you have to install again the lock plate
on the engine stop switch. Picture No. 52.
Stopping in normal conditions
.
Place the gear-shift lever in the neutral position " N " (neutral
gear); accelerate light in order to avoid floodings, run the engine
again at idling speed and then push the stop button. Picture No.
53.
During the first 15 running hours you must use a fuel with oil at
3%.
17
c
Stopping for a long period of storage.
- disconnect the fast fuel joint.
- release the clamp screws.
- lift up the motor vertically and keep it in this position till all the water has
run out from the cooling-water passages ( about 1 minute )
- tilt up the steering rod.
- transport the motor using the proper handle.
- lay down the motor only on its back side.
Picture No. 55.
If you will not use the motor for several days, you should stop the engine in
the following way:
Run the engine at idling speed, place the gear-shift lever in the neutral
position " N "and keep the choke knob pulled until the engine stops.
SHALLOW WATER CRUISING
A SELVA motor is equipped with device, which adjusts the trim angle so
that you can sail in shallow water.
This operation must be carried out with the engine not in motion
and paying very much attention.
Cruising in shallows, run the boat at the lowest possible speed.
Release the free-lock lever.
Close the safety valve of the fuel tank (for motors with incorporated fuel
tank).
Tilt up the engine till the first automatic stop using only the tilt up handle.
To bring the engine to the home position, tilt up slightly the engine (using
always the proper handle), release the tilt support bar, operating the
shallow water levers and take the motor again to its vertical position, then
set the free lock lever to the lock position.
Picture No. 54
Removal of the motor from the boat
Each time that you remove the motor from your boat, you must
let it cool down and then you have to do the following
operations :
18
c
Picture No. 56.
CLEANING
Cleaning outside
MAINTENANCE
SELVA motors do not need much cleaning, to clean the painted parts use
a cloth soaked with water
Before doing any kind of maintenance or check operation, switch off the
engine and wait till it has cooled down, then remove the spark plug cap, in
order to avoid an accidental staring.
Pay attention to the motor parts, which are still hot, so that you do not burn
yourself.
Some maintenance operations must be carried out by qualified staff.
Contact SELVA MARINE after-sale service.
Do not use flammable solvents.
The following chart lists the periodic maintenance operations to do on your
motor.
Cleaning cooling-water passages
Every now and then after using, clean the cooling-water passages, in
order to remove mud and salt, so that they do not affect the performance
of your motor.
The pointed out operations must be done by qualified staff.
You can carry out this cleaning operation in two different ways:
1 - Immerse the outboard motor without the propeller in a vessel filled up
with fresh-water, make sure that the water level is over the height of the
water inlets, so that no irreparable damage could be caused to the motor.
Shift the gear-shift lever into neutral " N ". Start the engine and run at low
speed for a few minutes.
2 - Connect a pipe of fresh-water to the hole for the engine cleaning joint
plug ( use the proper joint available in the fittings series ). Stop the water
inlets. Shift the gear-shift lever into neutral. Start the engine and run at low
speed for a few minutes.
While cleaning the cooling water passages make sure that
water always circulates in the passages, checking its running
out of the pilot hole.
19
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GREASING CHART
PERIODIC INSPECTIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS
(Running hours)
GREASING FREQUENCY
INITIAL
OPERATIONS TO PERFORM
10
50
THEREAFTE
R EVERY
Out of
100 100
season
GREASE POINTS
Inspection of the conditions of the fuel
hoses.
If necessary replace them.
Check the fuel hose joints for leaks
If necessary replace them.
GREASE THAT
MUST
BE USED
API GL-5
SAE 80 W 90
MIL -L 2105 C
Gearbox
Cleaning and blowing of the fuel filter
Check the proper working of
carburettor. If necessary adjust it.
FRESHWATER
SALT WATER
Check the level after the first 10
running hours. Afterwards every
50 hours. If necessary add till the
marked point. Change the
gearbox-oil after the first 20
running hours and afterwards
every 100 running hours; and
anyway each season.
the
Bushes of
clamps pipe
60 days
30 days
60 days
30 days
WATER-REPELLENT
MARINE GREASE
60 days
30 days
Propeller shaft
WATER-REPELLENT
MARINE GREASE
60 days
30 days
Check the wear of the anode.
If necessary replace it.
Clamp screws
WATER-REPELLENT
MARINE GREASE
60 days
30 days
Check the condition of the propeller.
If necessary replace it.
Gear-shift lever
SPRAY LUBRICANT
60 days
30 days
Check, clean and adjust the spark-plugs.
If necessary replace them.
Cowling
levers pins
Check the ignition.
Check the head screws and
adjustment to the correct torque.
the
the SPRAY LUBRICANT
lock
Tie rod carburettor
levers
Check the efficiency of the water pump
and of the cooling system
SPRAY LUBRICANT
Check the gearbox-oil level
20
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Greasing and additions
The oil must agree with the characteristics listed in the greasing
chart, and must comply with the quantity pointed out in the
technical detailed list.
The only part, which must be filled with oil, is the gearbox.
Selva supply the motor already with the oil, which the user will have to
change completely after the first 20 cruising hours
After this change you must check its level every 50 hours and change it
every 100 hours, and anyway each season.
Insert and tighten the oil-level plug and the oil drain plug.
Picture No. 57.
Gearbox-oil change
The used oil must be given to the proper collecting centres or
to a SELVA service point.
To change the oil do as follows:
Keep the motor in vertical position.
Place a container to collect the used oil under the gearbox.
Take out the oil-level plug and the oil drain-plug.
Spark-plug
The spark-plug must be often inspected because heat and deposits affect
its efficiency so that the performance of the motor will be affected too.
They have a different size and after the oil change they must be
replaced in their proper seat.
The inspection of the spark-plug must be done when the engine
is not running and it has cooled down.
It is very important to check, that the part made of porcelain is
not damaged because this could allow external sparks, which
could lead to explosion or fire.
Wait until the oil has drained completely, (during this operation you must
check, if water or other foreign bodies are to be found in the drained oil.
They are signs of anomalies which must be identified and repaired by
qualified staff, before using the motor again).
Protecting the leaning parts, put the motor horizontally, with the oil-level
plug and the oil drain-plug holes upwards.
Inject the oil into the oil drain-plug hole.
To remove the spark-plug use the supplied spanner; using an abrasive
brush, remove any deposits, then check the wear condition and the sparkplug gap ( the gap must be 0,6 mm, to measure it use a thickness gauge )
.
If the spark-plug is too badly worn you must replace it with a new one
which must agree with the characteristics listed in the specifications chart.
21
c
Replacement of the propeller.
The spark-plug torque is 20 Nm ( ~ 2. kgm). If a torque-wrench
is not available, you can obtain a good estimate of the correct
torque turning the spark-plug completely by hand and then
turning it with the spanner, a new spark-plug must be turned ~
90° and an old one 15° ÷ 20°.
Replace the spark-plug cap, checking that it is correctly fitted and then
replace the top cowling. Picture No. 58.
The propeller is one of the components, which have a great influence upon
the performance of the motor. An unsuitable or damaged propeller can
cause serious damages to the motor besides reduce the performance.
For a careful choice of the propeller consult a SELVA MARINE
service point.
To replace the propeller do as follows:
Sacrificial anode.
- wait until the motor has cooled down and remove the top cowling;
To protect the motor against electrochemical corrosion, due to the
presence in its structure of many different materials, a sacrificial anode
has been applied.
The anode will be subject to a strong corrosion, so you have to remove the
scales from the surfaces of the anode periodically.
- remove the spark-plug cap, to avoid an accidental start during
the operations of replacement of the propeller;
− place the gear-shift lever in the neutral position "N";
− protect your hands using strong gloves and insert a wooden lump
Failure to clean it, will affect its effectiveness.
between the propeller blades and the anti-cavitation plate, to keep the
propeller still.
Do not paint the anode, for this would render it ineffective.
− remove the self stopping nut, the washer and the propeller;
− spread the propeller shaft with water-repellent grease;
When the corrosion compromise its functionality, you have to replace it.
Picture No.59.
− make sure, that the drive propeller pin is centred on the shaft;
− by hand insert the propeller making sure that it gets correctly into the
drive pin;
− insert the washer and by hand screw the self-locking nut;
22
− insert a wooden lump between the propeller blades and the anti-
c
Grease all the components as shown in the greasing chart.
cavitation plate.
Inspect the anode.
− keep the propeller pressed against the pin and screw tight the nut.
Empty the fuel tank.
Picture No. 60.
Store the motor in the vertical position and in a dry, not to cold place.
The storage operations must be carried out by qualified staff.
Storage
To help the endurance of your motor, you must carry out
properly the following storage operations:
Clean the motor and the cooling-water passages.
Switch off the engine as shown in the section "stopping for a long period of
storage ".
Remove the fuel-line connections from the motor.
Clean the fuel filter.
Empty the float chamber.
Remove the spark-plug and pour engine-oil into the hole; turn the flywheel
by hand to distribute the oil in the cylinder; replace the spark-plug.
Change the gearbox-oil.
Check the screws torque.
23
,oo'
TROUBLESHOOTING
A
A regular maintenance can help you prevent many problems
with your outboard motor.
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Possible cause
Fuel tank is empty
Fuel hose is incorrectly connected
The following chart lists some common difficulties and their possible
causes.
Fuel hose is flattened or kinked
Fuel pump is malfunctioning
If you still have difficulties, after investigating these, please
contact your SELVA MARINE dealer.
Fuel filter is clogged
A - The engine will not start.
B - The engine runs irregularly or staIls.
C - The engine idles unevenly.
D - Engine speed will not increase.
E - The engine is overheating.
F - Engine speed is higher than normal.
G - Engine speed is lower than normal.
H - Boat speed is too low.
I - The boat will suddenly slow.
Improper oil in the fuel
Improper petrol
Carburettor has a wrong adjustment
Incorrect starting procedure
Sparks -plugs are fouled.
Improper spark-plugs
Incorrect spark-plug gap.
Spark-plug cap incorrectly fitted
24
,oo'
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Possible cause
Electric circuit is defective
Ignition-coil is defective
Clogged water passages
Faulty water-pump
Thermostat faulty
Cavitation is occurring
Propeller is damaged
Propeller
has
dimensions
not
the
proper
Incorrect trim-angle
Load on boat is improperly distributed
Transom is too high
Transom is too low
25
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