Comtech EF Data | CMR-5975 | Specifications | Comtech EF Data CMR-5975 Specifications

CMR-5975
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver
CMR-5975 – MR-S2
Installation and Operation Manual
Part Number MN-CMR5975-IOM
Revision 3
October 7, 2008
Copyright © Comtech EF Data, 2008. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA.
Comtech EF Data, 2114 West 7th Street, Tempe, Arizona 85281 USA, (480) 333-2200, FAX: (480) 333-2161
Errata A
Comtech EF Data Documentation Update
Subject:
Changes to Appendix F. DVB-S/S2 BER Performance
Date:
June 26, 2009
Original Manual
Part Number:
MNCMR5975.IOM
Errata Number /
Agile Document ID
ER-CMR5975-EA3
Rev 3
Agile CO Number
C08557
Change Specifics:
This information will be incorporated into the next revision. Appendix F, p. F-1:
Test Configuration:
Assumptions:
‐7
Symbol Rate: 20 Msps
QEF = 10 PER
Frame Size = 64,800 (Normal Frames)
Es/No = C/N
Pilots: Off
Roll Off: 35%
Nominal Input Power: -48 dB
L-Band Frequency: 1,170 MHz
Input Range:
-25 to -61 dBm (2 Msps)
-25 to -60 dBm (6 Msps)
-25 to -59 dBm (10 Msps)
-25 to -57 dBm (20 Msps)
-25 to -56 dBm (32 Msps)
Receive signal level Monitor Accuracy ± 10 dB (-25 to -50 dBm)
AGILE DOC ID ER-CMR5975-EA3
THIS DOCUMENT IS NOT SUBJECT TO REVISION/UPDATE!
1
AGILE C08557
AGILE DOC ID ER-CMR5975-EA3
THIS DOCUMENT IS NOT SUBJECT TO REVISION/UPDATE!
2
AGILE C08557
Table of Contents
PREFACE ................................................................................................................................................ VII Customer Support ............................................................................................................................................. vii About this Manual ........................................................................................................................................... viii Conventions and References ............................................................................................................................ viii EXAMPLES OF MULTI­HAZARD FORMATS .......................................................................... VIII Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Compliance .............................................................................................. ix Safety Compliance .............................................................................................................................................. x Warranty Policy ................................................................................................................................................. xi CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 1–1 1.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1–1 1.2 Standard Features .................................................................................................................................. 1–2 1.3 Performance .......................................................................................................................................... 1–3 1.4 Configurations ....................................................................................................................................... 1–3 1.5 Specifications ......................................................................................................................................... 1–4 1.6 Terminology ........................................................................................................................................... 1–5 CHAPTER 2. INSTALLATION AND INITIAL CONFIGURATION ....................................... 2­1 2.1 Major Assembly ..................................................................................................................................... 2‐1 2.2 Unpacking .............................................................................................................................................. 2‐1 2.3 Installation ............................................................................................................................................. 2‐2 2.4 Initial Configuration ............................................................................................................................... 2‐3 i
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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INTERFACE PINOUTS ......................................................................................... 3­1 3.1 Pinout Overview .................................................................................................................................... 3‐1 3.2 DC Power ............................................................................................................................................... 3‐1 3.3 RJ‐45 Ethernet ........................................................................................................................................ 3‐2 3.4 RJ‐12 Redundancy .................................................................................................................................. 3‐2 3.5 RJ‐12 Terminal ....................................................................................................................................... 3‐2 3.6 F‐Type L‐Band ........................................................................................................................................ 3‐2 CHAPTER 4. DEVICE MANAGEMENT VIA USER INTERFACES ........................................ 4­1 4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 4‐1 4.2 Web Interface ........................................................................................................................................ 4‐1 4.2.1 Administrative Configuration ................................................................................................................. 4‐4 4.2.2 SNMP Configuration ............................................................................................................................... 4‐6 4.2.3 Vload Configuration ................................................................................................................................ 4‐7 4.2.4 Syslog Configuration ............................................................................................................................... 4‐8 4.2.5 Redundancy Configuration ..................................................................................................................... 4‐9 4.2.6 Network Configuration ......................................................................................................................... 4‐10 4.2.7 Network ARP......................................................................................................................................... 4‐12 4.2.8 IGMP Configuration .............................................................................................................................. 4‐13 4.2.9 Unicast Routing Configuration.............................................................................................................. 4‐14 4.2.10 MPE/IP Configuration ...................................................................................................................... 4‐15 4.2.11 Tuner MPEG TS Route Configuration ............................................................................................... 4‐17 4.2.12 Tuner Configuration ......................................................................................................................... 4‐19 4.2.13 Tuner Statistics ................................................................................................................................ 4‐22 4.3 Terminal Interface ................................................................................................................................. 4‐24 4.3.1 Login ..................................................................................................................................................... 4‐26 4.3.2 Main Menu ........................................................................................................................................... 4‐27 4.3.3 Redundancy Menu ................................................................................................................................ 4‐28 4.3.4 Administration Menu ........................................................................................................................... 4‐29 4.3.5 IGMP Configuration Menu .................................................................................................................... 4‐34 4.3.6 Stats Menu ............................................................................................................................................ 4‐35 4.3.7 Network Configuration Menu............................................................................................................... 4‐46 4.3.8 Unicast Routing Configuration Menu ................................................................................................... 4‐47 4.3.9 Tuner Menu .......................................................................................................................................... 4‐48 4.4 Telnet Interface..................................................................................................................................... 4‐54 4.5 Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) ....................................................................................................... 4‐55 4.6 Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) .................................................................................... 4‐57 4.6.1 SNMP Traps .......................................................................................................................................... 4‐58 ii
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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APPENDIX A. SOFTWARE UPGRADE ...................................................................................... A–1 A.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... A–1 A.2 Web Interface ................................................................................................................................... A–2 A.3 Telnet or Terminal Interface ............................................................................................................. A–4 APPENDIX B. IP ROUTING SUPPORT ...................................................................................... B–1 B.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... B–1 B.2 IP Configuration ................................................................................................................................. B–1 B.2.1 Unicast Routing ..................................................................................................................................... B–2 B.2.2 Multicast Routing .................................................................................................................................. B–2 B.3 Section Packing .................................................................................................................................. B–3 APPENDIX C. SYSTEM LOG CONFIGURATION ....................................................................... C–1 C.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... C–1 C.2 Enabling a System Logger ................................................................................................................... C–1 APPENDIX D. SETTING UP A DIGICAST DIGITAL SATELLITE RECEIVER .................... D–1 D.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... D–1 D.2 Required Information for Setting Up a Digicast Satellite Receiver ...................................................... D–3 D.3 Verify Frequency Values ................................................................................................................... D–4 D.4 Configure the Equipment .................................................................................................................. D–5 D.5 Important Terms to Understand ....................................................................................................... D–7 APPENDIX E. CONFIGURING AND CONTROLLING THE DIGICAST CMR­5975 MEDIA ROUTER WITH SNMP ....................................................................................................................... E–1 E.1 Required SNMP Information for Configuring a Digicast Product .............................................................. E–1 E.2 Configuring the Digicast CMR‐5975 Product for SNMP ............................................................................ E–2 E.3 SNMP and Digicast Products ................................................................................................................... E–3 E.4 MIB II ..................................................................................................................................................... E–4 E.4.1 MIB II OIDs on the Digicast Media Router (Model CMR‐5975) .............................................................. E–5 E.5 Private MIB .......................................................................................................................................... E–10 iii
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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E.5.1 Revision 3
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Private MIB OIDs on Digicast Products ................................................................................................. E–11 E.6 Important Terms to Know .................................................................................................................... E–12 APPENDIX F. DVB­S/S2 BER PERFORMANCE AT QUASI­ERROR FREE (QEF) ........... F–1 Tables
Table 1-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Specifications................................................ 1–4 Table 1-2. Referenced Acronyms .............................................................................................. 1–5 Table 2-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Standalone Configuration .............................. 2-1 iv
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Figures
Figure 1-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Front Panel .................................................. 1–1 Figure 1-2. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Rear Panel ................................................... 1–2 Figure 1-3. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver ......................................................................... 1–3 Figure 3-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Rear Panel .......................................... 3-1 Figure 4-1. Connecting to the MR-S2.......................................................................................... 4-2 Figure 4-2. MR-S2 Login page .................................................................................................... 4-2 Figure 4-3. MR-S2 Home page .................................................................................................... 4-3 Figure 4-4. MR-S2 Administrative Configuration page .............................................................. 4-4 Figure 4-5. SNMP Configuration page ........................................................................................ 4-6 Figure 4-6. Vload Configuration Page ......................................................................................... 4-7 Figure 4-7. Syslog Configuration page ........................................................................................ 4-8 Figure 4-8. Redundancy Configuration page ............................................................................... 4-9 Figure 4-9. Network Configuration page ................................................................................... 4-10 Figure 4-10. Network ARP Configuration page ........................................................................ 4-12 Figure 4-11. IGMP Configuration page ..................................................................................... 4-13 Figure 4-12. Unicast Routing Configuration page ..................................................................... 4-14 Figure 4-13. MPE/IP Configuration page .................................................................................. 4-15 Figure 4-14. Tuner MPEG TS Route Configuration (full) page ................................................ 4-17 Figure 4-15. Tuner Available Configuration page (headers and dialogue box) ........................ 4-17 Figure 4-16. Tuner Configuration page ..................................................................................... 4-19 Figure 4-17. Tuner Statistics page ............................................................................................. 4-22 Figure 4-18. Menu Hierarchy (via Terminal Interface) ............................................................. 4-25 Figure 4-19. Login Prompt ........................................................................................................ 4-26 Figure 4-20. Main Menu ............................................................................................................ 4-27 Figure 4-21. Main Menu ............................................................................................................ 4-28 Figure 4-22. Admin Menu ......................................................................................................... 4-29 Figure 4-23. Vload Menu ........................................................................................................... 4-31 Figure 4-24. Main Menu ............................................................................................................ 4-32 Figure 4-25. Main Menu ............................................................................................................ 4-33 Figure 4-26. IGMP Configuration Menu ................................................................................... 4-34 Figure 4-27. MR-S2 Stats Menu ................................................................................................ 4-35 Figure 4-28. Stats Menu Hierarchy (via Terminal Interface) .................................................... 4-36 Figure 4-29. DMA Stats Menu .................................................................................................. 4-37 Figure 4-30. Ethernet Stats Menu .............................................................................................. 4-38 Figure 4-31. Tuner Stats Menu .................................................................................................. 4-39 Figure 4-32. Tuner MPE/IP Stats Menu .................................................................................... 4-40 Figure 4-33. Detailed Tuner MPE/IP Stats Menu...................................................................... 4-41 Figure 4-34. Detailed Tuner MPE/IP Advanced Stats Menu .................................................... 4-42 Figure 4-35. Tuner MPEG TS Stats Menu ................................................................................ 4-43 v
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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Figure 4-36. Detailed Tuner MPEG TS Stats ............................................................................ 4-44 Figure 4-37. Detailed Tuner MPEG TS Advanced Stats Menu................................................. 4-44 Figure 4-38. Detailed Tuner Stats Menu.................................................................................... 4-45 Figure 4-39. Network Configuration Menu ............................................................................... 4-46 Figure 4-40. Unicast Routing Configuration Menu ................................................................... 4-47 Figure 4-41. Tuner Menu ........................................................................................................... 4-48 Figure 4-42. Tuner Configuration Menu ................................................................................... 4-49 Figure 4-43. Tuner MPE/IP Configuration Menu...................................................................... 4-52 Figure 4-44. Tuner MPEG TS Configuration Menu .................................................................. 4-53 Figure 4-45. Starting Telnet Session.......................................................................................... 4-54 Figure 4-46. Main Menu via Telnet ........................................................................................... 4-55 Figure A-1. TFTP Download (via Web) .................................................................................... A–3 Figure A-2. TFTP Download (via Terminal) ............................................................................. A–4 Figure A-3. TFTP Download Complete (via Terminal) ............................................................ A–5 Figure B-1. Multicast Mapping (IP to MAC) .............................................................................B–3 Figure B-2. Section Packing .......................................................................................................B–3 vi
Preface
Customer Support
Contact the Comtech EF Data Customer Support Department for:
• Product support or training
• Reporting comments or suggestions concerning manuals
• Information on upgrading or returning a product
A Customer Support representative may be reached at:
Comtech EF Data
Attention: Customer Support Department
2114 West 7th Street
Tempe, Arizona 85281 USA
480.333.2433 or 480.333.4357 (Customer Support Desk)
480.282.2850 (After Hours Support)
480.333.2161 FAX
To return a Comtech EF Data product (in-warranty and out-of-warranty) for repair or replacement:
•
•
•
•
Contact the Comtech EF Data Customer Support Department. Be prepared to supply the
Customer Support representative with the model number, serial number, and a description
of the problem.
Request a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number from the Comtech EF Data
Customer Support representative.
Pack the product in its original shipping carton/packaging to ensure that the product is not
damaged during shipping.
Ship the product back to Comtech EF Data. (Shipping charges should be prepaid.)
For Online Customer Support:
An RMA number request can be requested electronically by contacting the Customer Support
Department through the online support page at www.comtechefdata.com/service.asp:
•
Click on the “RMA Request Form” hyperlink, then fill out the form completely before
•
Send e-mail to the Customer Support Department at cdmipsupport@comtechefdata.com.
sending.
For information regarding this product’s warranty policy, refer to the Warranty Policy, p. xi.
vii
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Preface
Revision 3
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About this Manual
This manual provides installation and operation information, functional capabilities, and
performance specifications for the Comtech EF Data (CEFD) CMR-5975 Digicast Media
Router S2 Receivers – referred to collectively throughout this manual as “the MR-S2”.
The manual additionally provides information on how to connect the MR-S2 to other data
transport equipment.
This is a technical document intended for earth station engineers, technicians, and
operators responsible for the operation and maintenance of the CEFD Digicast
CMR-5975Media Router S2 Receivers.
Reporting Comments or Suggestions Concerning this Manual
Comments and suggestions regarding the content and design of this manual are
appreciated. To submit comments, please e-mail the Comtech EF Data Technical
Publications Department at techpub@comtechefdata.com.
Conventions and References
Cautions and Warnings
IMPORTANT or NOTE indicates a statement that is associated with the task
being performed or information critical for proper equipment function.
IMPORTANT
CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury. CAUTION may also be used to indicate other
unsafe practices or risks of property damage.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
\
Examples of
Multi-Hazard Formats
viii
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Preface
Revision 3
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Metric Conversion
Metric conversion information is located on the inside back cover of this manual. This
information is provided to assist the operator in cross-referencing non-Metric to Metric
conversions.
Recommended Standard Designations
Recommended Standard (RS) Designations are interchangeable with the designation of
the Electronic Industries Association (EIA).
Trademarks
Windows is a trademark of the Microsoft Corporation.
Other product names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective companies and are hereby acknowledged. Comtech EF
Data neither endorses nor otherwise sponsors any such production or services referred
herein.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Compliance
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, it may cause radio interference that
requires the user to take adequate protection measures.
Emissions Compliance
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the Federal Communications Commision (FCC) rules, and
EN55022 Class A requirements.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.
EN61000 Compliance
This equipment meets the EMC/immunity characteristics for the limits and methods of
measurement for information technology equipment as per EN61000-4-2, EN61000-4-3,
EN61000-4-4, EN61000-4-5 and EN61000-4-11.
This equipment meets the EMC/immunity characteristics for the limits and methods of
measurement of mains harmonics & flicker for information technology equipment as per
CE EN61000-3-2 and EN61000-3-3.
ix
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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Safety Compliance
EN60950 Compliance
Applicable testing is routinely performed as a condition of manufacturing on all units to
ensure compliance with safety requirements of EN60950. This equipment meets the
Safety of Information Technology Equipment specification as defined in EN60950.
Low Voltage Directive (LVD)
The following information is applicable for the European Low Voltage Directive
(EN60950):
<HAR>
!
Type of power cord required for use in the European Community.
CAUTION: Double-pole/Neutral Fusing
ACHTUNG: Zweipolige bzw. Neutralleiter-Sicherung
International Symbols:
Symbol
Definition
~
Alternating Current
Protective Earth /
Safety Ground
Fuse
Chassis Ground
NOTE
Symbol
Definition
For additional symbols, refer to Cautions and Warnings listed
earlier in this Preface.
x
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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Warranty Policy
Comtech EF Data products are warranted against defects in material and
workmanship for a period of two years from the date of shipment. During the
warranty period, Comtech EF Data will, at its option, repair or replace products
that prove to be defective.
For equipment under warranty, the owner is responsible for freight to Comtech
EF Data and all related customs, taxes, tariffs, insurance, etc. Comtech EF Data
is responsible for the freight charges only for return of the equipment from the
factory to the owner. Comtech EF Data will return the equipment by the same
method (i.e., Air, Express, Surface) as the equipment was sent to Comtech EF
Data.
All equipment returned for warranty repair must have a valid RMA number issued
prior to return and be marked clearly on the return packaging. Comtech EF Data
strongly recommends all equipment be returned in its original packaging.
Comtech EF Data Corporation’s obligations under this warranty are limited to
repair or replacement of failed parts, and the return shipment to the buyer of the
repaired or replaced parts.
Limitations of Warranty
The warranty does not apply to any part of a product that has been installed,
altered, repaired, or misused in any way that, in the opinion of Comtech EF Data
Corporation, would affect the reliability or detracts from the performance of any
part of the product, or is damaged as the result of use in a way or with equipment
that had not been previously approved by Comtech EF Data Corporation.
The warranty does not apply to any product or parts thereof where the serial
number or the serial number of any of its parts has been altered, defaced, or
removed.
The warranty does not cover damage or loss incurred in transportation of the
product.
The warranty does not cover replacement or repair necessitated by loss or damage
from any cause beyond the control of Comtech EF Data Corporation, such as
lightning or other natural and weather related events or wartime environments.
The warranty does not cover any labor involved in the removal and or
reinstallation of warranted equipment or parts on site, or any labor required to
diagnose the necessity for repair or replacement.
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Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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The warranty excludes any responsibility by Comtech EF Data Corporation for
incidental or consequential damages arising from the use of the equipment or
products, or for any inability to use them either separate from or in combination
with any other equipment or products.
A fixed charge established for each product will be imposed for all equipment
returned for warranty repair where Comtech EF Data Corporation cannot identify
the cause of the reported failure.
Exclusive Remedies
Comtech EF Data Corporation’s warranty, as stated is in lieu of all other
warranties, expressed, implied, or statutory, including those of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The buyer shall pass on to any purchaser,
lessee, or other user of Comtech EF Data Corporation’s products, the
aforementioned warranty, and shall indemnify and hold harmless Comtech EF
Data Corporation from any claims or liability of such purchaser, lessee, or user
based upon allegations that the buyer, its agents, or employees have made
additional warranties or representations as to product preference or use.
The remedies provided herein are the buyer’s sole and exclusive remedies.
Comtech EF Data shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or
consequential damages, whether based on contract, tort, or any other legal theory.
xii
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION
Figure 1-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Front Panel
1.1
Introduction
The Comtech EF Data (CEFD) Digicast Media Router S2 Receivers – referred to collectively
throughout this manual as “the MR-S2” – comes in one configuration:
•
CEFD Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – CMR-5975 (MR-S2) L-Band to IP Receiver
The MR-S2 is an economical L-Band-to-IP Receiver providing price-versus-performance
unparalleled in today’s market.
The MR-S2 receives Multiprotocol Encapsulated (MPE) data as specified in ETSI EN 301 192
over MPEG-2 packets or raw Transports Streams (TS) carrying audio, video or data over an LBand input.
The MR-S2 supports:
•
•
•
DVB-S (2 to 45 Msps)
ƒ FEC Rates: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6 and 7/8
DVB-S2 QPSK (2 to 32 Msps)
ƒ FEC Rates: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9 and 9/10
DVB-S2 8PSK (2 to 32 Msps)
ƒ FEC Rates: 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 8/9 and 9/10
1–1
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Introduction
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Figure 1-2. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Rear Panel
1.2
Standard Features
Based on an embedded architecture, utilizing a FreeScale MPC859 CPU and eCOS Operating
System, the MR-S2 provides the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
High Reliability
DVB-S and DVB-S2 L-Band Input
Ethernet Output rates as high as 83 Mbps (1,500 byte packets)
Support for Multicast and Unicast IP datagrams
Supports the decapsulation of MPE
MPE Section Packing and Non-Section Packing on a PID-by-PID basis
Supports encapsulation of transport streams over IP
Support for all valid PIDs in 8192 range
64 PIDs
MPEG-2 188/204-byte operation
Support for 802.1Q VLAN Tags
IGMP for Multicast Route Announcements
Redundancy
Configurable Telnet and HTTP ports for security
Color LEDs for status monitoring and rapid fault isolation
Management (monitor, control and configuration):
ƒ Web Interface
ƒ TFTP for field software/firmware upgrade
ƒ Terminal Interface
ƒ Telnet
ƒ SNMP V2 (Private and MIB II) Support
ƒ Vload
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Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
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Performance
The MR-S2 provides the following performance characteristics:
Item
Value
Maximum Bits Per Second
(Maximum Packet Size 1,518 Bytes)
Latency
Minimum Input Level
Less than 10 ms
DVB-S (2 Msps)
DVB-S2 (2 Msps)
DVB-S (45 Msps)
DVB-S2 (32 Msps)
-50 dBm
Minimum Input Level
-25 dBm
Minimum Symbol Rate
Maximum Symbol Rate
1.4
83 Mbps
Configurations
The MR-S2, shown in Figure 1-2, is a Satellite-to-Ethernet IP router.
Web Server
Streaming Media
Server
10/100 Base T
Ethernet
LBand
MENCAP 50
ATSC/DVB Encapsulator
CMR-5975
Media Router MR-S2
Ethernet
File Server
`
Desktop PC
or LAN
Figure 1-3. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver
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Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Introduction
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Specifications
Table 1-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Specifications
Parameter
Specification
DVB-S
L-Band Tuner
Physical
QPSK
8PSK
Dimensions
Weight
Power
( 2 to 45 Msps) FEC Rates: 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6 and 7/8
( 2 to 32 Msps) FEC Rates: 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9 and 9/10
( 2 to 32 Msps) FEC Rates: 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 8/9 and 9/10
8.75” L x 7.125” W x 1.625” H (22.225 L x 18.0975 W x 4.1.275 H cm)
1.6 lbs. (0.6 kg)
2.5 mm with screw type connector
L-Band Input
F-Type (75Ω)
DVB-S2
Ethernet
(10/100BaseT)
Terminal
Redundancy
Blue
Green
Red
LEDs
Electrical
RJ-12
RJ-12
PWR
RED
ALARM
Power indicator
Redundancy indicator
Flashing when the unit is in an alarm state
Steady light indicates that the receiver has obtained a
locked signal
Green
LOCK
Green
E-SPD
Ethernet speed
Amber
E-COL
Ethernet collision indicator
Green
E-RX
Ethernet receive indicator
Green
E-TX
Ethernet transmit indicator
Green
E-LINK
Ethernet link indicator
Power Input /
Consumption
100 to 240 VAC 47/63 Hz converted to +5VDC @ 5.0A/ <25W
L-Band Input
DVB-S ETSI EN 300 421
DVB-S2 ETSI EN 302 307
Ethernet
(10/100BaseT)
Console
Redundancy
Temperature
Operating
Environmental
RJ-45
Storage
(Non-operating)
Humidity
Operating
Storage
(Non-operating)
Altitude
Operating
Storage
(Non-operating)
IEEE 802.3u
RS-232
RS-232
32° to 104° Fahrenheit (0° to 40° Celsius)
-22° to 150° Fahrenheit (-30° to 65° Celsius)
10% to 75% Non-condensing
Relative humidity to 95% with temperature ≤ 95° Fahrenheit (35°
Celsius)
Up to 10,000 feet (3048 m) above sea level
Survival up to 50,000 feet (15240 m) above sea level for up to 15 hours
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Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Introduction
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Terminology
The following table defines the acronyms referred to throughout this manual:
Table 1-2. Referenced Acronyms
Acronym
Definition
ASI
Asynchronous Serial Interface
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
CEFD
Comtech EF Data
DVB
Digital Video Broadcasting
DVB-S
Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite
DVB-S2
Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite (Second Generation)
EBU
European Broadcasting Union
ETS
European Telecommunications Standard
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP
HyperText Transport Protocol
IANA
Internet Assigned Number Authority
IGMP
Internet Gateway Messaging Protocol
IP
Internet Protocol
IRD
Integrated Receiver Decoder
LAN
Local Area Network
MAC
Media Access Control
Mbps
Mega bits per second
MIB
Management Information Base
MPE
Multi-Protocol Encapsulation
MPEG
Moving Pictures Expert Group
MPEGTS
Moving Pictures Expert Group Transport System
MR
Media Router
Msps
MUX
PAT
PID
PMT
Megasymbol per second. A symbol is equivalent to 1 Hz of occupied
bandwidth on a satellite (i.e., 34 Msps would be a satellite carrier
occupying 34 MHz of bandwidth).
Multiplexer
Program Association Table
The PAT lists PIDs for all PMTs in the stream.
Packet Identifier
Program Map Table
Program Map Tables contain information about programs. The
PMTs describe which PIDs contain data relevant to the program.
PMTs also provide metadata about the streams in their constituent
PIDs.
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Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Introduction
Acronym
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Definition
RS
Program Specific Information
Program Specific Information is comprised of four tables: Program
Association (PAT), Program Map (PMT), Conditional Access (CAT),
and Network Information (NIT).
Reed Solomon
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SYSLOG
System Log
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TERM
Terminal
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TSD
Transport Stream Demultiplexer
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
VLAN
Virtual Local Area Network
PSI
1–6
Chapter 2. INSTALLATION AND
INITIAL CONFIGURATION
2.1
Major Assembly
The CEFD MR-S2 is available in a standalone configuration. Table 2-1 lists the components
provided with a standard configuration. In the event any listed item is missing, please contact
Comtech EF Data Customer Support.
Table 2-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Standalone Configuration
Quantity
2.2
Description
1
CMR-5975 [MR-S2]
1
SPU30-102 Power Supply
1
IEC Power Cable
1
CA-TERMINAL Terminal Cable
1
Quick Start sheet
Unpacking
The shipping container and packing materials should be retained for possible reshipment.
Perform a receiving inspection as follows:
•
•
Inspect the shipping container for damage. If there is damage to the shipping container,
notify the carrier.
Check to determine that all parts, materials and documentation have been shipped with the
•
•
Inspect the router for possible physical damage.
Test the router for proper operation.
router.
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Installation & Initial Configuration
•
Contact Comtech EF Data Customer Support if the shipment is:
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
2.3
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Incomplete
Physically damaged
Inoperable
Installation
The MR-S2 is designed for ease of installation and configuration. Once the unit has been
removed from the packing container, please follow these instructions:
Step
Procedure
1
Place the MR-S2 on a flat surface with free-air flow where the LEDs can be clearly
observed with unrestricted access to the rear panel of the unit.
2
It is suggested that the coaxial connection to the Low Noise Block (LNB) NOT be
connected to the unit until the unit has been fully configured. If the unit will not be
powering the LNB, it is recommend that an F-Type DC Block be installed on the input
to the MR-S2’s L-Band input
3
Connect the DC power connection to the connection labeled PWR on the back of the
unit and tighten the restraining nut to ensure secure operation.
4
Connect an RJ-45 Ethernet cable (patch cord) to the port labeled ETHERNET. This
cable should be connected to an Ethernet concentrator (hub) or switch.
5
Connect a terminal cable (supplied) to the port labeled TERM. This cable should be
connected to a PC’s serial port (DB-9) to initially configure the MR-S2.
6
Connect the AC power cord between a standard wall outlet and the power supply.
The Blue LED will illuminate.
7
Upon startup, the following LEDs will illuminate on the MS-R2 front panel:
LED
Function
Label
Description
Blue
PWR
LED illuminates if power is properly applied
Green
RED
Redundancy indicator
Red
ALARM
Green
LOCK
LED illuminates if the tuner is locked
Green
E-SPD
Ethernet speed
Green
E-COL
Ethernet collision indicator
Green
E-RX
Green
E-TX
Green
E-LINK
2-2
LED may illuminate since the unit is not yet
configured
LED flashes if there is Ethernet traffic/activity
LED illuminates if the Ethernet connection to the
Hub/Switch is operational
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Installation & Initial Configuration
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Initial Configuration
The initial configuration involves setting up the IP parameters via the terminal cable. Once the IP
parameters have been configured, the terminal cable can be removed. The terminal cable should
be stored in a known location, since it may be needed in the future.
To configure the IP parameters:
Step
Procedure
1
Using a terminal emulator on a PC such as HyperTerminal™ or TeraTerm™,
set up the communication port as follows:
• 38,400 BAUD
• 8 Data Bits
• 1 Stop Bit
• No Parity
• No Flow Control
2
Press the <ENTER> key on the PC – the login prompt should be displayed.
3
The default user is “comtech” and the default password is “comtech”. After
logging in, the MR-S2’s menu should be displayed.
4
Press “N” for Network Menu.
5
Press “I” for the IP Address, Enter the IP Address and press <ENTER>.
6
Press “M” for the Subnet Mask. Enter the Subnet Mask and press <ENTER>.
7
Press “G” for the Default Gateway IP Address. Enter the Default Gateway
Address and press <ENTER>.
8
Press “S” to save the parameters.
9
Press “Y” to confirm the saving of parameters.
10
Press “X” to exit to the main menu.
At this point, the unit has been configured for full operation and the terminal cable may be
removed. The coaxial connection to the Low Noise Block (LNB) may now be safely attached to
the L-Band input port. For continued operation the unit may be managed via the Terminal
Interface; however, it is recommended to use the Web Interface for ease of management.
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Notes:
2-4
Chapter 3. INTERFACE PINOUTS
3.1
Pinout Overview
The rear panel interface (Figure 3-1) provides all necessary external connections between the
MR-S2 and other equipment.
Figure 3-1. Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver – Rear Panel
3.2
DC Power
Pin
Definition
Center
+5VDC
Outer Ring
GND
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Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Interface Pinouts
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
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RJ-45 Ethernet
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Definition
TXD+
TXDRXD+
N/C
N/C
RXDN/C
N/C
Pin
Definition
1
GND
2
TXD
RJ-12 Redundancy
3
RXD
4
GND
5
N/C
6
N/C
Pin
Definition
1
GND
RJ-12 Terminal
2
TXD
3
RXD
4
GND
5
N/C
6
N/C
F-Type L-Band
Pin
Definition
Center
Input 950-2150 MHz
Output +13VDC or + 18VDC 0.6A
Outer Ring
GND
3-2
Chapter 4. DEVICE MANAGEMENT
VIA USER INTERFACES
4.1
Introduction
Management of the MR-S2 is simple and intuitive. There are a variety of ways to configure and
manage the MR-S2:
•
•
•
•
•
•
4.2
Web Interface via a LAN-based Desktop Browser
Terminal Interface via direct connection to a PC’s asynchronous serial port
Telnet Interface via a LAN
TFTP for remote terminal upgrades
SNMP Private MIB and MIB II
Vload (software application allowing configuration changes to remote receivers)
Web Interface
The Web Interface, operating under standard HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP), is used to
communicate with and command the MR-S2 via a HyperText Markup Language-based Graphical
User Interface (GUI). To utilize the Web Interface, a LAN connection must exist between the PC
with a browser and the MR-S2.
The CMR-5975 requires that the user to be authenticated via login before the configuration can
be viewed or modified. After a period of inactivity, the user will automatically be logged out, and
must log in again to resume.
Once a valid IP Address, Subnet Mask and Default Gateway have been entered into the MR-S2,
activate a browser on the desktop. Enter the IP address for the MR-S2 into the URL field as
shown in Figure 4-1. If the port number has been modified from the standard 80 via the
Terminal Interface, then the port number must be appended with a colon to the IP address.
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Figure 4-1. Connecting to the MR-S2
A successful connection between the PC and the MR-S2 will result in the display of the Login
page shown in Figure 4-2.
Figure 4-2. MR-S2 Login page
The Login page is the entry point to the MR-S2 menu system via a browser. The default user
name is “comtech” and the default password is “comtech”.
The Home page (Figure 4-3) displays after successful login authentication:
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Figure 4-3. MR-S2 Home page
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Administrative Configuration
Figure 4-4. MR-S2 Administrative Configuration page
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The MR-S2 Administrative Configuration page contains the following configurable, required
parameters:
User Name
The MR-S2’s User Name is user configurable and is used for connecting to the unit via IP
management services and terminal services.
The default user name is “comtech”.
Password
The Password is used for authenticating a user when connecting via IP management services.
The default password is “comtech”.
The password is case sensitive and must be entered carefully.
When the password is changed, enter the password twice for verification.
System Contact
Enter the contact information of the system administrator for support.
System Location
Enter the physical location where the unit has been installed.
Enable Telnet
Use the checkbox to Enable or Disable Telnet application on the MR-S2.
Update Firmware
These fields are provided to allow for software/firmware changes.
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SNMP Configuration
Figure 4-5. SNMP Configuration page
SNMP R/W Community
The community name for authentication for read/write access to the private MIB.
SNMP R/O Community
The community name for authentication for read only access to the private MIB.
SNMP Server IP Address
The IP address of the SNMP server for sending SNMP traps.
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Vload Configuration
Vload is a system used to remotely update the MRS-2 receiver via multicast transmission. Please
refer to the Digicast section of the Vload manual for information on how to use the head-end
software component of Vload.
Figure 4-6. Vload Configuration Page
IP Address
The multicast address to be used for Vload.
Please note that the multicast addressed used here should not be used in any other route
settings.
PID
Define the PID value (in hexadecimal format) to use for Vload.
Note: This PID value cannot be used or defined elsewhere on this receiver for carrying user data
traffic.
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Syslog Configuration
Figure 4-7. Syslog Configuration page
Syslog is a common feature of the Linux operating system. Syslog allows the events that occur on
the MR-S2 to be sent to a server where they can be logged. The events are delivered to a
configured server over Ethernet IP.
Enable
Enables or disables the Syslog feature.
IP Address
The IP address of the Syslog server.
Port
The port of the Syslog server. The default port number is 514.
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Redundancy Configuration
Figure 4-8. Redundancy Configuration page
Redundancy is available when two units are used to ensure reliable service in the event of failure
of a unit. The units are configured in Primary/Backup roles and communicate between each other
via serial cable (Part Number CA-0000011) connected to each unit’s redundant port and via
Ethernet.
Other Unit’s IP Address
Enter the IP address of the unit to be used in conjunction with this unit for redundant
functionality.
Mode
Select the mode of this receiver (Primary, Backup, Disabled). If two units are to be configured as
a redundant system, then one unit must be "Primary" and the other must be "Backup". Please note
that both units must be configured correctly (one as primary, the other as backup) in order for
redundancy to function correctly.
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Network Configuration
Figure 4-9. Network Configuration page
The Network Configuration page has the following configurable parameters:
IP Address
The IP Address assigned to the MR-S2’s LAN interface. The IP Address is entered in dotted
decimal format.
Subnet Mask
The Subnet Mask assigned to the MR-S2’s LAN interface. The Subnet Mask is entered in dotted
decimal format and is typically 255.255.255.0 for a C-Class mask, 255.255.0.0 for a B-Class
mask or 255.0.0.0 for an A-Class mask.
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Default Gateway
The Default Gateway assigned to the MR-S2’s LAN interface. The Default Gateway is entered in
dotted decimal format and must be within the subnet of the IP Address assigned to the LAN
interface. The Default Gateway is the address of a local router to which all non-local subnet
traffic will be directed.
Link Configuration
Select the line speed and duplex setting on the receiver’s LAN interface.
The available options are:
•
•
•
•
•
Auto – the port will auto-negotiate the configuration of the port
10 Mb / half duplex
10 Mb / full duplex
100 Mb / half duplex
100 Mb / full duplex
If the configuration of the port is unknown, then “Auto” is the recommended configuration.
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Network ARP
Figure 4-10. Network ARP Configuration page
The CMR-5975 allows the user to define a static ARP for a defined IP address. This mode should
only be used when an IP flow is required to be directed to a particular MAC address.
Name
The name of the table entry.
IP Address
A valid IP address of a device on the network.
MAC Address
The MAC address associated with the IP address.
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IGMP Configuration
Figure 4-11. IGMP Configuration page
Enable
Select the Boolean if IGMP version 2 (IGMPv2) is to be supported. If the Boolean is not
selected, all received Multicast IP is forwarded to the Ethernet, but if support is enabled, no
Multicast IP will be forwarded to the Ethernet, until a subscriber has joined the Multicast group.
Query Period
How often a solicitation is made for Multicast subscribers.
Maximum Tries
The maximum number of attempts the MR-S2 will make for soliciting for Multicast subscribers
before the Multicast stream is pruned off.
Response Timeout
The maximum amount of time the MR-S2 will wait for a Multicast Subscribers before the
Multicast stream is pruned off.
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Unicast Routing Configuration
Figure 4-12. Unicast Routing Configuration page
The Unicast Routing Configuration page addresses the MR-S2’s configuration for handling
Unicast traffic over the transport stream. This feature is only used in the MPE/IP configuration.
Allow Unicast
Selects whether the MR-S2 will support the routing of Unicast traffic.
Route unknown to default gateway
When selected, all incoming Unicast that is not destined for the CMR local network subnet will
be directed to the configured default gateway.
Filter on Satellite MAC (MPE/IP)
The hardware Media Access Control (MAC) address assigned for Unicast operation. When the
satellite MAC is defined, the MR-S2 will only route Unicast traffic that is specifically addressed
to the satellite MAC. This value does not affect the characteristics of multicast data flow.
Digicast receivers do not need to filter on MAC. Some third party encapsulators/receivers may
need to filter on MAC, and if the MAC is configured on the Encapsulator for a Unicast Route, do
not use the CMR-5975 Ethernet MAC – you will need to create your own MAC.
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Satellite MAC (MPE/IP)
The hardware Media Access Control (MAC) address assigned for Unicast operation. When the
satellite MAC is defined, the MR-S2 will only route Unicast traffic that is specifically addressed
to the satellite MAC. This value does not affect the characteristics of multicast data flow.
4.2.10
MPE/IP Configuration
Figure 4-13. MPE/IP Configuration page
A configured PID value in hexadecimal is required for MPE/IP data to be extracted from the
transport stream and sent to the CPU. Once a valid PID value is configured, and data is found on
a transport stream, the data is decapsulated and delivered to the Ethernet port. A value of
0x1FFF is disabled.
Name
User defined name (cannot contain spaces)
PID
A valid PID in hexadecimal format, ranging from 0x10 to 0x1FFE (0x1FFF disables the item).
The PID value cannot be in use elsewhere on the receiver.
Mode
MPE/IP or DVB-TS
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IP (DVB-TS)
If DVB-TS Mode is selected, then a valid IP address is required. This is the destination IP
address, and can be either multicast or unicast.
Port (DVB-TS)
If DVB-TS Mode is selected, then a valid destination port is required.
VLAN
Options are All, ID, or None
VLAN ID
VLAN ID tag from the originating point
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Tuner MPEG TS Route Configuration
Figure 4-14. Tuner MPEG TS Route Configuration (full) page
Figure 4-15. Tuner Available Configuration page (headers and dialogue box)
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Select the “Service List” button at the bottom of the page to see all services on the particular
input. This is achieved by looking at the Program Stream Information (PSI) that is contained in
the Program Association Table (PAT) and Program Mapping Table (PMT) – all detected
programs will be displayed for either input port selected.
Enable
Enables or disables the route.
Name
The name of the incoming program that is extracted from the Program Service Information.
Program Number
The program number, as defined in the service list, to be routed to the Ethernet as Transport
Stream over IP.
PMT PID Number
The PMT PID to be routed to the Ethernet as Transport Stream over IP.
Destination IP
The IP address to be used when routing the Transport Stream over Ethernet IP.
Port Number
The Port Number to be used when routing the Transport Stream over Ethernet IP.
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Tuner Configuration
Figure 4-16. Tuner Configuration page
Primary and Backup Tuner Configuration
The MR-S2 can be configured to have a backup (secondary) configuration. The secondary tuner
configuration allows the user to configure a backup configuration in the event the main carrier is
taken down. The MR-S2 will only attempt to use the secondary configuration in the event the
primary carrier is not available, and if a switch time of greater than 0 (zero) is set. If the unit is
unable to lock to the backup tuner settings, the unit will continue to switch between backup and
primary frequencies based on the switch time until lock is achieved.
LNB Frequency
The frequency of the Local Oscillator (LO) that resides in the Low Noise Block (LNB) amplifier
located at the antenna. For Ku-Band operation, the LO is typically 10,750 MHz for Ku-Band
operation North America and other common frequencies are 9,750 MHz and 10,600 MHz. For
C-Band operation, 5,150 MHz is a common LO frequency. Please consult your LNB
manufacturer for the LO in the LNB.
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Downlink Frequency
The actual receive frequency being down linked from the satellite to the Low Noise Block (LNB)
amplifier located at the antenna. For Ku-Band operation, this frequency ranges from 10,700 MHz
to 12,750 MHz. For C-Band operation, this frequency ranges from 3,400 MHz to 4,200 MHz.
The combination of the LO and the downlink frequency produce the L-Band frequency expected
by the MR-S2. Some examples are as follows:
Example 1:
LO = 10,750 MHz
Ku-Band Receive Frequency = 11,895 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 11,895 MHz – 10,750 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 1,145 MHz
Example 2:
LO = 10,600 MHz
Ku-Band Receive Frequency = 12,010 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 12,010 MHz – 10,600 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 1,410 MHz
Example 3:
LO = 5,150 MHz
C-Band Receive Frequency = 3,920 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 5,150 MHz – 3,920 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 1,230 MHz
Modulation
The MR-S2 supports the following modes of operation:
•
•
•
DVB-S – QPSK
DVB-S2 – QPSK
DVB-S2 – 8PSK
Each mode of operation provides a range of FEC rates that are supported based on the mode and
modulation.
Symbol Rate
Depending on the configured mode of operation, the following symbol rates are supported:
•
•
•
DVB-S – QPSK 2 to 45 Msps
DVB-S2 – QPSK 2 to 32 Msps
DVB-S2 – 8PSK 2 to 32 Msps
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Polarity
The configured polarity provides the voltage supplied to the LNB or switch. The valid selections
for the MR-S2 are 13 VDC for vertical polarization and 18 VDC for horizontal polarization. The
MR-S2 is capable of providing up to 600mA of current in either mode of operation. It is
recommended, that if the LNB voltage is not required, that a DC block be installed.
Spectral Inversion
There are four supported modes of spectral inversion:
•
•
•
•
On – forces the tuner to stay with spectral inversion. The tuner will not
check for spectral inversion automatically
Off – forces the tuner to stay without spectral inversion. The tuner will not
check for spectral inversion automatically
On Both – tries spectral inversion first and then attempts to automatically
check spectral inversion periodically
Off Both – tries non-spectral inversion first and then attempts to
automatically check spectral inversion periodically
LNB 22 KHz Tone
Enables or disables the LNB 22 KHz tone to the LNB for remote LNB and switch control.
Pilot
Enables or disables the Pilot for DVB-S2 mode of operation only.
Roll Off
The expected filter roll off of the carrier the receiver should be looking at. This parameter only
works for DVB-S2 mode, since DVB-S mode uses a fixed roll off of 35%.
The valid roll offs in DVB-S2 mode are:
•
•
•
20%
25%
35%
DiSEqC
Enables sending and receiving DiSEqC commands as are supported in DiSEqC mode 1.2. The
valid configuration settings for DiSEqC mode are:
•
•
•
•
•
Off
Mode A
Mode B
Mode C
Mode D
Switch Time
The number of seconds the unit should wait before attempting to locate the backup carrier. If set
to disabled (by setting to a value of 0 (zero)), the MR-S2 will not attempt to switch to a backup
carrier.
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Tuner Statistics
Figure 4-17. Tuner Statistics page
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Statistical reports are available from the MR-S2 using this menu.
The available report options are:
•
•
•
MPE/IP
MPEG TS
Tuner
When selected, the statistics displayed on screen are automatically refreshed so the user does not
have to constantly refresh the screen.
These detailed tuner statistics can be used to troubleshoot problems with a satellite link. The
available parameters are as follows:
Active Configuration
Displays whether the tuner is running with the Primary or Backup configuration.
Initialized
Displays whether the tuner is initialized or not. The I2C address where the processor found the
tuner is displayed.
Acquisition State
Displays whether the tuner is locked and tracking or whether the tuner is unlocked.
Lock Status
Displays the lock status of various components in the tuner:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PLL – Phase Lock Loop
Demodulator
LDPC Decoder
Viterbi Decoder
BCH Decoder
Reed Solomon Decoder
BCHLP Decoder
Symbol Rate
Displays the configured symbol rate.
Spectrum Inversion
Displays the state of the spectrum which the tuner locked to either inverted or non-inverted.
BTL
Displays the status of the BTL.
Es/No
Displays the Es/No (Symbol Energy over the Noise Density).
Eb/No
Displays the Eb/No (Energy per Bit to Noise Power Spectral Density Ratio).
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Power Estimate
Displays the received port input level. This level must be between -50 dBm to
-25 dBm for proper operation.
Bits per Symbol
Displays the number of bits per symbol.
Corrected Bit Error Rate
Displays the corrected bit error rate coming from the tuner. Corrected data does not result in any
lost user data.
Uncorrected Bit Error Rate
Displays the uncorrected bit error rate coming from the tuner. These are bit errors that could not
be corrected and result in lost user data.
Window Adjustment
Displays the adjustment the tuner used to capture the incoming carrier.
CRC Error Rate
Displays the Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) error rate received over the satellite.
4.3
Terminal Interface
The Terminal Interface provides the user with a textual configuration dialog for configuring the
MR-S2. This method of configuration should be used for initial configuration of the unit; i.e.,
configuring the network parameters for the unit but not for normal operation. The Web (HTTP)
Interface is recommended for operational management.
The Terminal Interface allows the entire unit to be configured and managed, but this interface can
only be used while a serial connection is present between the MR-S2 and a PC. The screens
shown in this section are displayed via a Telnet connection.
The user must authenticate (login) before being able to access the application. After a period of
inactivity, the user’s session will time out, and must log in again to resume.
The same menu information is displayed via the serial interface with some specific features only
available via this access method – these ‘serial interface only’ features are noted in this section.
Detailed information is provided about the menu features in Chapter 4.2 Web Interface.
Figure 4-18 shows the hierarchal structure of the Terminal Interface-based menus and the
sections in this chapter which provide figures of these submenu pages.
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Figure 4-18. Menu Hierarchy (via Terminal Interface)
Once the terminal interface is connected, as described in Chapter 2.4 Initial Configuration,
press the <ENTER> key. The user should observe the Login screen, and after a successful login,
the Main Menu as shown in 4-20. Main Menu
.
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Login
Figure 4-19. Login Prompt
The login prompt is displayed upon entry via Telnet or a serial connection. The default user name
is “comtech”, and the default password is “comtech” (case sensitive).
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Main Menu
Figure 4-20. Main Menu
The Main Menu utilizes different menus for the command line interface to access the various
configuration settings and statistics on the MRS-2 receiver.
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Redundancy Menu
Figure 4-21. Main Menu
Redundancy is available when two units are used to ensure reliable service in the event of a
failure or loss of signal. The units are configured in Primary/Backup roles and communicate
between each other via cable connected to each unit’s redundant port.
Other Unit’s IP Address
Enter the IP address of the unit to be used in conjunction with this unit for redundant
functionality.
Mode
Select the mode of this receiver (Primary, Backup, Disabled).
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Administration Menu
Figure 4-22. Admin Menu
The MR-S2 Administrative Configuration page contains the following configurable parameters:
Unit Name
The name of this receiver.
User Name
The MR-S2’s User Name is user configurable and is used for connecting to the unit via IP
management services.
The default user name is “comtech”.
Password
The MR-S2’s Password is user configurable and is used for authenticating a user when
connecting via IP management services.
The default password is “comtech”. The password is case sensitive and must be entered carefully.
When the password is changed, the user will be prompted to enter the password twice to verify it
is correct.
System Contact
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Contact information of the system administrator for support.
System Location
The physical location where the unit has been installed.
SNMP IP Address
Defines the SNMP server where traps are sent.
SNMP R/W Community
The community name for authentication for read/write access to the private MIB.
SNMP R/O Community
The community name for authentication for read only access to the private MIB.
Enable Telnet
Enables Telnet application on the MR-S2.
Display Config
Outputs the overall configuration of the receiver (verbose).
Download Image
Allows software/firmware changes to be made. User name and password is required for security.
Reset Unit
Reboots the receiver.
Load Factory Defaults
Resets all settings (except network) to factory default settings.
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Vload Configuration Menu
Figure 4-23. Vload Menu
Vload is a system used to remotely update the MRS-2 receiver via multicast transmission. Please
refer to the Digicast section of the Vload manual for information on how to use the head-end
software component of Vload.
IP Address
The multicast address to be used for Vload. Please note that the multicast address used here
should not be used in any other route settings.
PID
Define the PID value (in hexadecimal format) to use for Vload.
Note: This PID value cannot be used or defined elsewhere on this receiver.
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Port Number Configuration
Figure 4-24. Main Menu
In addition to the features illustrated, one additional feature is available, for security reasons, via
the serial interface only. Modifying the port numbers prevents attacks on “well known” ports by
devices known as port scanners. This feature is configuration of the TCP Port number for Telnet
and HTTP protocols. Option <M> allows the operator to modify the standard port numbers for
Telnet (23) and HTTP (80) to prevent unauthorized access to the device. Care should be taken not
to use a reserved standard port number.
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Syslog Configuration Menu
Figure 4-25. Main Menu
Syslog is a common feature of the Linux operating system. Syslog allows the events that occur on
the MR-S2 to be sent to a server where they can be logged. The events are delivered to a
configured server over Ethernet IP.
IP Address
The IP address of the Syslog server.
Port
The port of the Syslog server. The default port number is 514.
Enable
Enables or disables the Syslog feature.
4.3.4.4
Load Factory Defaults
The Load Factory Defaults allows the user to restore the unit to the original configuration as it was
set up before leaving the factory. This feature should be used with caution, since all configured
settings, including usernames and passwords, will be removed.
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IGMP Configuration Menu
Figure 4-26. IGMP Configuration Menu
Enable
Select the Boolean if IGMP version 2 (IGMPv2) is to be supported. If the Boolean is not selected,
all received Multicast IP is forwarded to the Ethernet, but if support is enabled, no Multicast IP
will be forwarded to the Ethernet, until a subscriber has joined the Multicast group.
Query Period
How often a solicitation is made for Multicast subscribers.
Maximum Tries
The maximum number of attempts the MR-S2 will make for soliciting for Multicast subscribers
before the Multicast stream is pruned off.
Response Timeout
The maximum amount of time the MR-S2 will wait for a Multicast Subscribers before the
Multicast stream is pruned off.
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Stats Menu
Figure 4-27 shows the hierarchal structure of the Terminal Interface-based Stats menus and the
sections in this chapter which illustrate the menu pages within this hierarchy.
Figure 4-27. MR-S2 Stats Menu
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Figure 4-28. Stats Menu Hierarchy (via Terminal Interface)
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DMA Stats Menu
Figure 4-29. DMA Stats Menu
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Ethernet Stats Menus
Figure 4-30. Ethernet Stats Menu
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Tuner Stats Menu
Figure 4-31. Tuner Stats Menu
Statistical reports are available from the MR-S2 using this menu.
The available report options are:
•
MPE/IP
•
MPEG TS
•
Tuner
These detailed tuner statistics can be used to troubleshoot problems with a satellite link.
The available parameters are as follows:
Acquisition State
Displays whether the tuner is locked and tracking or whether the tuner is unlocked.
Lock Status
Displays the lock status of various components in the tuner:
•
PLL – Phase Lock Loop
•
Demodulator
•
LDPC Decoder
•
Viterbi Decoder
•
BCH Decoder
•
Reed Solomon Decoder
•
BCHLP Decoder
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Tuner MPE/IP Stats Menu
Figure 4-32. Tuner MPE/IP Stats Menu
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Detailed Tuner MPE/IP Stats Menu
Figure 4-33. Detailed Tuner MPE/IP Stats Menu
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Detailed Tuner MPE/IP Advanced Stats Menu
Figure 4-34. Detailed Tuner MPE/IP Advanced Stats Menu
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Tuner MPEG TS Stats Menu
Figure 4-35. Tuner MPEG TS Stats Menu
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Detailed Tuner MPEG TS Stats
Figure 4-36. Detailed Tuner MPEG TS Stats
4.3.6.3.2.2
Detailed Tuner MPEG TS Advanced Stats Menu
Figure 4-37. Detailed Tuner MPEG TS Advanced Stats Menu
4.3.6.3.3
Detailed Tuner Stats Menu
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Figure 4-38. Detailed Tuner Stats Menu
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Network Configuration Menu
Figure 4-39. Network Configuration Menu
The Network Configuration page has the following configurable parameters:
IP Address
The IP Address assigned to the MR-S2’s LAN interface. The IP Address is entered in dotted
decimal format.
Subnet Mask
The Subnet Mask assigned to the MR-S2’s LAN interface. The Subnet Mask is entered in dotted
decimal format and is typically 255.255.255.0 for a C-Class mask, 255.255.0.0 for a B-Class
mask or 255.0.0.0 for an A-Class mask.
Default Gateway
The Default Gateway assigned to the MR-S2’s LAN interface. The Default Gateway is entered in
dotted decimal format and must be within the subnet of the IP Address assigned to the LAN
interface. The Default Gateway is the address of a local router to which all non-local subnet
traffic will be directed.
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Unicast Routing Configuration Menu
Figure 4-40. Unicast Routing Configuration Menu
The Unicast Routing Configuration page addresses the MR-S2’s configuration for handling
Unicast traffic over the transport stream. This feature is only used in the MPE/IP configuration.
Allow Unicast
Selects whether the MR-S2 will support the routing of Unicast traffic.
Route unknown to default gateway
If an Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cannot be achieved, then incoming
Unicast is directed to the configured default gateway.
Filter on TSD MAC (MPE/IP)
Allows the MR-S2 to route only Unicast that is specifically destined to this unit. The MAC
address in the MPE header must exactly match the configured TSD MAC field.
Satellite MAC (MPE/IP)
The hardware Media Access Control (MAC) address assigned for Unicast operation.
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Tuner Menu
This menu enables the user to configure the tuner for operation. The terminal configuration of
the tuner is simple to perform and can be done at installation time.
Figure 4-41. Tuner Menu
Menu items <C>, <M> and <T> are described in detail on the following pages.
Fill Rate
This value should NOT be changed from the factory default setting
(1,000,000) unless the receiver is being used for low-latency traffic such
as VoIP traffic.
Comtech EF Data recommends modifying this parameter to improve
latency and jitter performance, to a setting greater than 5,000,000. The
actual setting will depend upon traffic and may need to be set on a per
case basis. The valid value range is 0 to 10,000,000, with the default as
1,000,000. VoIP traffic may require a setting between 5,000,000 to
10,000,000.
Setting the Fill Rate to 10,000,000 (the maximum setting) may lower the
overall performance (packets per second and bits per second) of the
product by as much as 10%, so care must be taken when modifying this
parameter.
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Tuner Configuration Menu
Figure 4-42. Tuner Configuration Menu
Primary and Backup Tuner Configuration
The MR-S2 can be configured to have a backup (secondary) configuration. The secondary tuner
configuration allows the user to configure a backup configuration in the event the main carrier is
taken down. The MR-S2 will only attempt to use the secondary configuration in the event the
primary carrier is not available.
LNB Frequency
The frequency of the Local Oscillator (LO) that resides in the Low Noise Block (LNB) amplifier
located at the antenna. For Ku-Band operation, the LO is typically 10,750 MHz for Ku-Band
operation North America and other common frequencies are 9,750 MHz and 10,600 MHz. For CBand operation, 5,150 MHz is a common LO frequency. Please consult your LNB manufacturer for
the LO in the LNB.
Downlink Frequency
The actual receive frequency being down linked from the satellite to the Low Noise Block (LNB)
amplifier located at the antenna. For Ku-Band operation, this frequency ranges from 10,700 MHz
to 12,750 MHz. For C-Band operation, this frequency ranges from 3,400 MHz to 4,200 MHz.
The combination of the LO and the downlink frequency produce the L-Band frequency expected
by the MR-S2. Some examples are as follows:
Example 1:
LO = 10,750 MHz
Ku-Band Receive Frequency = 11,895 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 11,895 MHz – 10,750 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 1,145 MHz
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Example 2:
LO = 10,600 MHz
Ku-Band Receive Frequency = 12,010 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 12,010 MHz – 10,600 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 1,410 MHz
Example 3:
LO = 5,150 MHz
C-Band Receive Frequency = 3,920 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 5,150 MHz – 3,920 MHz
L-Band Frequency = 1,230 MHz
Modulation
The MR-S2 supports the following modes of operation:
•
•
•
DVB-S – QPSK
DVB-S2 – QPSK
DVB-S2 – 8PSK
Each mode of operation provides a range of FEC rates that are supported based on the mode and
modulation.
Symbol Rate
Depending on the configured mode of operation, the following symbol rates are supported:
•
•
•
DVB-S – QPSK 2 to 45 Msps
DVB-S2 – QPSK 2 to 32 Msps
DVB-S2 – 8PSK 2 to 32 Msps
Polarity
The configured polarity provides the voltage supplied to the LNB or switch. The valid selections
for the MR-S2 are 13 VDC for vertical polarization and 18 VDC for horizontal polarization. The
MR-S2 is capable of providing up to 500mA of current in either mode of operation. It is
recommended, that if the LNB voltage is not required, that a DC block be installed.
Spectral Inversion
There are four supported modes of spectral inversion:
•
•
•
•
On – forces the tuner to stay with spectral inversion. The tuner will not
check for spectral inversion automatically
Off – forces the tuner to stay without spectral inversion. The tuner will not
check for spectral inversion automatically
On Both – tries spectral inversion first and then attempts to automatically
check spectral inversion periodically
Off Both – tries non-spectral inversion first and then attempts to
automatically check spectral inversion periodically
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LNB 22 KHz Tone
Enables or disables the LNB 22 KHz tone to the LNB for remote LNB and switch control.
Pilot
Enables or disables the Pilot for DVB-S2 mode of operation only.
Roll Off
The expected filter roll off of the carrier the receiver should be looking at. This parameter only
works for DVB-S2 mode, since DVB-S mode uses a fixed roll off of 35%.
The valid roll offs in DVB-S2 modes are:
•
•
•
20%
25%
35%
DiSEqC
Enables sending and receiving DiSEqC commands as are supported in DiSEqC mode 1.2. The
valid configuration settings for DiSEqC mode are:
•
•
•
•
•
Off
Mode A
Mode B
Mode C
Mode D
Switch
Enables or disables the ability to switch to a backup carrier. If set to disabled, the MR-S2 will not
attempt to switch to a backup carrier.
Switch Time
The number of seconds the unit should wait before attempting to locate the backup carrier.
Setting the switch time to a setting of 0 (zero) causes the backup frequency to be disabled.
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Tuner MPE/IP Configuration Menu
Figure 4-43. Tuner MPE/IP Configuration Menu
A configured PID value in hexadecimal is required for MPE/IP data to be extracted from the
transport stream and sent to the CPU. Once a valid PID value is configured, and data is found on
a transport stream, the data is decapsulated and delivered to the Ethernet port. A value of
0x1FFF is disabled.
Name
The name of the route.
PID
The PID value in hexadecimal format.
Mode
MPE/IP or DVB-TS.
VLAN
Options are None, All, or 1 to 4094.
Destination IP
A valid destination IP address if mode is DVB-TS.
Port
A valid port if mode is DVB-TS.
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Tuner MPEG TS Configuration Menu
Figure 4-44. Tuner MPEG TS Configuration Menu
Name
The name of the incoming program that is extracted from the Program Service Information.
Program Number
The program number to be routed to the Ethernet as Transport Stream over IP.
PMT PID Number
The PMT PID to be routed to the Ethernet as Transport Stream over IP.
Destination IP
The IP address to be used when routing the Transport Stream over Ethernet IP.
Port Number
The Port Number to be used when routing the Transport Stream over Ethernet IP.
Enable
Enables or disables the route.
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Telnet Interface
Telnet provides a textual interface over a LAN. Most PCs have the capability to use Telnet. To
use Telnet on a Microsoft Windows® product, click
, then
.
The Run dialog box is shown in Figure 4-45. In the Open: text window, enter “telnet
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx,” where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP address of the MR-S2. If the port number
has been modified from the standard 23 via the Terminal Interface, then the port number must be
appended with a colon to the IP address.
Figure 4-45. Starting Telnet Session
The user will be prompted to enter the user name and password to gain access to the telnet
interface.
The default username is “comtech” and the default password is
“comtech”, both of which are case sensitive.
NOTE
Once the menu is started, press <ENTER> and the MR-S2 Main Menu will display as shown in
4-46. Main Menu . The user may navigate the menus in the same manner as the Terminal
Interface. With specific exceptions as noted in the Terminal Interface section, the menus available
via Telnet and Serial interfaces are identical.
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Figure 4-46. Main Menu via Telnet
4.5
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
The MR-S2 supports changes to the resident software and firmware by means of the Trivial File
Transfer Protocol (TFTP). This enables changes to be made remotely via the LAN interface. It is
recommended to use Solarwinds TFTP server application (available at
http://support.solarwinds.net/updates/SelectProgramFree.cfm).
To modify the software and/or firmware, use the following procedures:
Configure the server as follows:
a) File Æ Configuration Æ Select the ‘TFTP Root Directory’. Set up the location
of the MR-S2 files.
b) File Æ Configuration Æ Select the ‘Security’ tab and make sure ‘Transmit and
Receive’ are selected.
c) Save configuration.
The server is now configured for the file transfer process.
Because the MR-S2 stops processing data traffic during the
download process, it is recommended that this upgrade procedure
be performed during scheduled network down time.
IMPORTANT
Do NOT remove power from the unit during the download process.
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To modify code via Telnet:
Step
Procedure
1
Start up Solarwinds TFTP server – Ensure configuration as described
previously.
2
Ensure that the code provided by CEFD is located in the TFTP Root
directory.
3
Start up Telnet client and initiate a session with the MR-S2 as described
in the Telnet Interface section
4
Select ‘A’ for Administration
5
Select ‘D’ for Download
6
Enter ‘1’ for Application code or ‘2’ for FPGA code (the user will be
directed to select Application or FPGA code in the download
instructions provided by CEFD when new code is provided)
7
Enter the IP address of the TFTP server and wait for the message
“Upgrade complete. Press any key to continue”
This code modification process can also be conducted via the Web Interface, under the
Administration page, or the Terminal Interface under the Main Menu.
IMPORTANT
Under heavy traffic conditions, the TFTP transfer may take several
minutes. The transfer process reported by Solarwinds may show greater
than 100% transferred, but this is a normal condition. Be patient and
allow the transfer to take place.
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Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) allows an SNMP Manager such as OpenView or
Castle Rock to be used to remotely manage the MR-S2 in an automated fashion.
The MR-S2 supports SNMP versions 1 and 2 (SNMPv1 and SNMPv2). Two types of
Management Information Bases (MIBs) are supported: MIB II and private MIB.
MIB II is the default MIB that is used to gather generic information about the unit, such as
system ‘up’ time, packets sent or received on an interface, etc. MIB II is designed for only read
access, not write access. To read and write configuration parameters over SNMP requires a
private MIB. The private MIB allows parameters to be set on the Web, Terminal, or Telnet
interfaces.
The elements Object Identifiers (OIDs) of the MIB will be listed in the appendix of a revised
version of this manual. CEFD has been assigned an SNMP designator by the IEEE, which will
be found in all elements of the MR-S2’s MIB.
The assigned designator for CEFD (enterprise OID) is 1.3.6.4.1.18723.
NOTE
The MR-S2 supports configurable community strings for added security. As a security
precaution, passwords cannot be remotely queried over SNMP.
For SNMP access from a remote network via the public Internet, a VPN connection to the MR-S2
will need to be established using third-party VPN client/server access.
The default community strings for the SNMP R/W community is “private” and the R/O
community is “public”.
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SNMP Traps
The CMR-5975 supports SNMP Traps for providing unsolicited SNMP events to a preconfigured SNMP Manager. The SNMP Trap may be used as a tool to automatically notify an
SNMP manager of a change that has taken place on the unit. Traps typically define a state
change such as an interface that goes from active to inactive (or up to down). SNMP Traps
provide unsolicited reporting to a central SNMP manager, so events can be reported as they
happen.
The Traps supported on the CMR-5975 are as follows:
Generic Traps (SNMPv1)
•
Cold Start - Unit has booted from a cold start (hardware startup)
•
Warm Start - Unit has re-booted from a power on start (warm startup)
•
Link Down - An interface has gone from up to down (such as a tuner has lost lock)
•
Link Up - An interface has gone from down to up (such as a tuner regaining lock)
•
Authentication Failure - An SNMP message received could not be authenticated
Specific Traps (SNMPv1)
•
dniEbNoThreshholdOK - EbNo value is now set above the defined limit
•
dniEbNoThreshholdFail - EbNo value has fallen below the defined limit
•
dniRedundancyBackup - Redundant backup unit is now active
•
dniRedundancyPrimary - Redundant primary unit is now active
•
dniRedundancyModeConflict - A conflict in redundancy mode has been detected
•
dniMPEGPIDConflict - MPEG-TS PID Conflict has occurred
•
dniDMAOverflow - DMA Overflow
•
dniDMAOverflowCleared - DMA Overflow Cleared
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Appendix A. SOFTWARE
UPGRADE
A.1
Introduction
The MR-S2 is enabled to receive an upgrade via Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
transmission. Comtech EF Data recommends using the Solarwinds TFTP server
application (available at http://support.solarwinds.net/updates/SelectProgramFree.cfm)
for upgrading the product.
0
NOTE
The user will be instructed whether to select Application or FPGA or
Redboot code in the download instructions provided by CEFD when
new code is provided.
Once the TFTP server is enabled and the new file (Application or FPGA or Redboot)
has been copied to the TFTP server, the procedures outlined in sections A.2 and A.3 may
be used to upgrade the unit.
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Web Interface
Access the Administrative Configuration menu (Figure A-1):
a) In the Update Firmware section, enter the Unit TFTP Server IP Address.
b) Select Application or FPGA for the Image Type to be upgraded.
c) Enter a valid username and password in the Login Required section (below
the Update Firmware section) then select Update. The software update will
begin to download.
Do NOT power the unit down during the upgrade process.
IMPORTANT
d) When the update is complete, the message “Press any key to continue”
will be displayed.
e) Once the unit is upgraded, reset the unit by entering a valid username and
password in the first Login Required section, then selecting Reset Unit.
A–2
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Software Upgrade
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Figure A-1. TFTP Download (via Web)
A–3
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Software Upgrade
A.3
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Telnet or Terminal Interface
Access the Admin Menu (Figure A-2):
a) Select (D) for Download Image.
b) At the “Image type” prompt, enter: 1 for Application or 2 for FPGA or 3 for
Redboot.
c) Enter the TFTP IP server address. Once the TFTP IP server address is
entered, the software update will begin to download.
Do NOT power the unit down during the upgrade process.
IMPORTANT
d) When the update is complete, the message “Press any key to continue”
will be displayed (Figure A-3).
e) After the unit has been upgraded, reset the unit by selecting (R) for Reset and
‘Y’ to confirm the reset.
Figure A-2. TFTP Download (via Terminal)
A–4
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Software Upgrade
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Figure A-3. TFTP Download Complete (via Terminal)
A–5
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Software Upgrade
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Notes:
A–6
Appendix B. IP ROUTING
SUPPORT
B.1
Introduction
The MR-S2 provides state-of-the-art L-Band DVB-S and DVB-S2 IP and transport stream
delivery based on the ISO/IEC 13818-1, ISO/IEC 13818-6 and DVB Specification for Data
Broadcasting (EN 301 192).
The MR-S2 provides the following configuration features:
• Support for DVB-S reception at rates from 2 to 45 Msps
• Support for DVB-S2 reception at rates:
ƒ QPSK 2 to 32 Msps
ƒ 8PSK 2 to 32 Msps
• IP Decapsulation per Multi-Protocol Encapsulation (EN 301 192)
• Unicast Routing
• Multicast Routing
• Section Packing and Non-Section Packing
• IGMP version 2
B.2
IP Configuration
Both Unicast and Multicast IP datagrams are encapsulated per the Multiprotocol Encapsulation
MPE specification. Routing of datagrams is accomplished by configuration of PIDs in the MRS2, as described in the following sections.
B–1
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
IP Routing Support
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
B.2.1 Unicast Routing
Unicast routing provides point-to-point delivery of IP datagrams. Routes for Unicast IP packets
are configured according to the following:
•
IP Addresses, which fall into three classes:
ƒ A (0.0.0.0 to 127.255.255.255)
ƒ B (128.0.0.0 to 191.255.255.255)
ƒ C (192.0.0.0 to 223.255.255.255)
•
Medium Access Control (MAC) Addresses, which identifies the destination device (nexthop) to which the packets are sent. The least-significant bit of the first byte of the six-byte
MAC address is a ‘0’. For example, 0x00 11 22 33 44 55 is a Unicast address.
Unicast is supported by the MR-S2 as it would be in any routed network. Packets received by the
MR-S2 are routed to the Ethernet if they meet the subnet criteria or the MR-S2 is configured to
route non-local packets to a default gateway.
The MR-S2 uses Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) notation in which a ‘slash’ followed by
a decimal number is used to represent the number of bits for the mask, e.g. /32 is
255.255.255.255 and /24 is 255.255.255.0.
As stated above, part of the route configuration is a MAC address that is assigned for delivery of
the packet when it is encapsulated into MPE. The MAC address typically identifies the remote
receiver (physical device), e.g. satellite terminal, DTV terminal, or cable receiver.
B.2.2 Multicast Routing
Multicast routing provides point-to-multipoint delivery of IP datagrams. Routes for multicast IP
packets are configured according to the following:
•
•
•
IP Addresses, which fall into class D (224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255)
Medium Access Control (MAC) Addresses, which identifies the frames as multicast. The
least-significant bit of the first byte of the six-byte MAC address is a ‘1’. For example, 0x01
00 5E 00 00 01 is a multicast address
Broadcast frames are identified by the MAC Address 0x FF FF FF FF FF FF.
Multicast IP addresses are related to multicast MAC addresses as follows:
The lower 23 bits of the IP address are mapped into the lower 23 bits of the MAC address as
shown in Figure B-1. Examples of the relationship are:
1) Received IP: 239.1.1.10 = MAC: 0x01 00 5E 01 01 0A
2) Received IP: 224.10.10.10 = MAC: 0x01 00 5E 0A 0A 0A
3) Received IP: 228.63.10.10 = MAC: 0x01 00 5E 3F 0A 0A
Note that the upper 5 bits of the multicast IP address are ignored in the MAC so that 32 Multicast
group IP addresses map to a single MAC address. This implies further filtering is required at the
end device.
B–2
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
IP Routing Support
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Figure B-1. Multicast Mapping (IP to MAC)
B.3
Section Packing
Section packing is a technique utilized to provide more optimal utilization of the MPEG-2
transport stream (TS) packet structure. When section packing is not used, each TS packet
(containing the MPE section) can carry no more than a single section. This often results in wasted
payload capacity when the sections are less than 184 bytes.
The section packing feature allows more
than a single MPE section to be carried
by an MPEG-2 TS packet, thereby
minimizing wasted payload capacity.
In the case of a large MPE section that
spans multiple MPEG-2 packets, the
ending of an MPE section may occur in
the middle of an MPEG-2 packet. In
this instance, with section packing, a
new MPE section begins immediately
after the first MPE section has finished
without any ‘fill’ (wasted) bytes having
to be inserted before the start of the next
MPEG-2 packet.
Figure B-2. Section Packing
B–3
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
IP Routing Support
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Notes:
B–4
Appendix C. SYSTEM LOG
CONFIGURATION
C.1
Introduction
The MR-S2 supports a feature known as system logging, more commonly called Syslog.
This section illustrates how a system logger can be set up on a Linux or Unix system1, allowing
the MR-S2 to report system events to a logger attached via an Ethernet connection.
C.2
Enabling a System Logger
To enable system logging, add the following command string to the bottom of the
/etc/syslog.conf file on the Logging Server:
# log the mux messages to here
*.=info
/var/log/mux.log
Where:
*.=info tells the logger to send all messages it receives from the Mux to the Dir/file
1
Note that this is merely a sample configuration. CEFD does not support the setup of a syslog
server, since it is assumed that one is already configured and operational for use.
C–1
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
System Log Configuration
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Looking in the top of file /etc/init.d/syslog2, the following is usually displayed:
#!/bin/bash
#
# syslog
Starts syslogd/klogd.
#
#
# chkconfig: 2345 12 88
# description: Syslog is the facility by which many daemons use to log \
# messages to various system log files. It is a good idea to always \
# run syslog.
# Source function library.
. /etc/init.d/functions
[ -f /sbin/syslogd ] || exit 0
[ -f /sbin/klogd ] || exit 0
# Source config
if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/syslog ] ; then
. /etc/sysconfig/syslog
else
SYSLOGD_OPTIONS=”-m 0”
KLOGD_OPTIONS=”-2”
fi
Of specific interest is the following line:
SYSLOGD_OPTIONS=”-m 0”
By adding a –r suffix, this allows the server to accept messages from remote machines.
The edited line should read as follows:
SYSLOGD_OPTIONS=”-m 0 –r”
Check the services file, normally at /etc/services, to ensure that PORT 514 is defined.
By default this should be enabled on most machines.
After making the changes you must restart syslogd.
NOTE
On most machines, entering “service syslog restart” should complete the configuration.
2
This file may be in a different location.
C–2
Appendix D. SETTING UP A
DIGICAST DIGITAL SATELLITE
RECEIVER
D.1
Introduction
Setting up a digital satellite receiver for the delivery of IP or transport stream information over an
Asynchronous Serial Interface (ASI) involves more than just configuring the data related
parameters. The person performing the configuration must have knowledge of both
communications concepts and satellite communications. Section D.5, Important Terms to
Understand, contains information that will help the individual performing the configuration by
explaining each parameter and what parameters must be on hand when setting up a Digicast
satellite receiver. It is recommended that these terms and concepts be thoroughly understood
before proceeding with the setup process.
To complete the setup of a Digicast Satellite Receiver, follow these steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Understand the significant terms and parameters (Section D.5)
Gather the required information (Section D.2)
Verify frequency values (Section D.3)
Apply the required information to the primary and secondary configurations (Section
D.4)
D–1
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Setting Up a Digicast Digital Satellite Receiver
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
The following image illustrates some of the significant terms and indicates their application:
D–2
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Setting Up a Digicast Digital Satellite Receiver
D.2
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MN-CMR5975-IOM
Required Information for Setting Up a Digicast Satellite Receiver
To set up the Digicast receiver for receiving a live satellite feed, gather the following data:
C-Band
X-Band
1. Which frequency band is being used?
@
Ku-Band
Ka-Band
2. Downlink frequency of the carrier from the satellite?
(MHz)
3. Local Oscillator of the LNB?
(MHz)
DVB-S
4. Which DVB Type?
@
DVB-S2
(Msps)
5. Symbol Rate?
QPSK
6. Which modulation of the carrier from the satellite?
@
8-PSK
16-APSK
7. FEC of the carrier from the satellite?
(Range = 1/4 to 9/10 FEC)
On
8. Pilots:
@
Off
20%
9. Which Filter Roll Off (for DVB-S2 Only)?
@
25%
35%
Enabled
10. Secondary (backup) Carrier?
@
Disabled
None
11. Which LNB Power Requirement?
13 VDC
@
18 VDC
On
Off
12. Which Spectral Inversion mode?
@
On/Both
Off/Both
D–3
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Setting Up a Digicast Digital Satellite Receiver
D.3
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MN-CMR5975-IOM
Verify Frequency Values
The information gathered in the previous section will become the proper parameters entered into
the Digicast receiver. However, before this can be done successfully, several values must be
verified:
1.
Verify the downlink frequency provided falls into the proper band:
a. C-Band – 3,700 to 4,200 MHz
b. X-Band – 7,000 to 12,500 MHz
c. Ku-Band –11,000 to 18,000 MHz
d. Ka-Band – 18,000 to 40,000 MHz
If the downlink frequency does not fall within proper band, contact the space-link provider for
clarification.
2.
Determine the values to set for the LO and downlink frequency on the Digicast satellite receiver.
There are two ways the frequencies can be loaded into the Digicast satellite receiver: 1) Directly
entering the downlink and LO frequencies, or 2) by entering the values as L-Band frequencies.
1) Entering the values directly provides the most convenience, since the user simply enters the
downlink frequency and LO directly into the Digicast satellite receiver.
2) Entering the values as an L-Band frequency requires some math to be performed, but allows those
who are more comfortable with L-Band values to use those familiar frequencies.
To use L-Band frequencies in the configuration, the LO frequency must be set to 0 MHz. The
downlink frequency is determined by taking the absolute difference of the actual downlink frequency
at (C-, X-, Ku- or Ka-Band) and subtracting the two and using the absolute result (a non-negative
number). Once this number has been found, the difference will be the L-Band frequency that can be
entered into the downlink frequency on the Digicast satellite receiver. The following examples are
given:
Example 1:
Ku-Band
LO = 10,750 MHz
Downlink Frequency = 11,895 MHz
L-Band Frequency = | 11,895 MHz – 10,750 MHz |
L-Band Frequency = 1,145 MHz
Example 2:
Ku-Band
LO = 10,600 MHz
Downlink Frequency = 12,010 MHz
L-Band Frequency = | 12,010 MHz – 10,600 MHz |
L-Band Frequency = 1,410 MHz
Example 3:
C-Band
LO = 5,150 MHz
Downlink Frequency = 3,920 MHz
L-Band Frequency = | 3,920 MHz – 5,150 MHz |
L-Band Frequency = | - 1,230 MHz |
L-Band Frequency = 1,230 MHz
D–4
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Setting Up a Digicast Digital Satellite Receiver
D.4
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Configure the Equipment
Web Interface Example
In the following Web interface graphic, the data is shown entered two different ways for the
primary and secondary frequency configurations. The frequencies used are as follows:
Primary (entered as L-Band format):
Ku-Band
LO = 10,750 MHz
Downlink Frequency = 12,425 MHz
L-Band Frequency = | 12,425 MHz – 10,750
MHz |
L-Band Frequency = 1,675 MHz
Symbol Rate = 32 Msps
DVB Type = DVB-S2
Modulation = 8-PSK
FEC = 9/10
Spectral Inversion = Both/Off
Pilot = On (DVB-S2 Only)
Filter Roll Off = 20% (DVB-S2 Only)
D–5
Secondary (entered as standard format):
Ku-Band
LO = 10,750 MHz
Downlink Frequency = 12,177 MHz
Symbol Rate = 23 Msps
DVB Type = DVB-S
Modulation = QPSK
FEC = 3/4
Spectral Inversion = Both/Off
Pilot = Off (DVB-S2 Only)
Filter Roll Off = 35% default (DVB-S2
Only)
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Setting Up a Digicast Digital Satellite Receiver
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Terminal Interface Example
In the following Terminal interface graphic, the data is shown entered the same way for both the
primary and secondary frequency configurations. The frequencies used are as follows:
Primary (entered as L-Band format):
Ku-Band
LO = 10,750 MHz
Downlink Frequency = 11,890 MHz
L-Band Frequency = | 11,890 MHz – 10,750 MHz |
L-Band Frequency = 1,140 MHz
Symbol Rate = 32 Msps
DVB Type = DVB-S2
Modulation = 8-PSK
FEC = 9/10
Spectral Inversion = Both/On
Pilot = On (DVB-S2 Only)
Filter Roll Off = 20% (DVB-S2 Only)
D–6
Secondary (entered as standard format):
Ku-Band
LO = 10,750 MHz
Downlink Frequency = 12,700 MHz
Symbol Rate = 30 Msps
DVB Type = DVB-S2
Modulation = 8-PSK
FEC = 9/10
Spectral Inversion = Both/On
Pilot = Off (DVB-S2 Only)
Filter Roll Off = 35% (DVB-S2 Only)
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Setting Up a Digicast Digital Satellite Receiver
D.5
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Important Terms to Understand
Backup
Carrier
Band
Whether there is a backup carrier provided.
The Digicast satellite receiver operates at L-Band (950 to 2,150 MHz). The LNB
located up at the satellite dish, down-converts the incoming satellite signal at
either C-, X-, Ku- or Ka-Band to L-Band, where it is fed into the receiver.
The frequency bands are:
Downlink
Frequency
DVB
Earth Station
FEC
Filter Roll Off
IFL
LNB
Local
Oscillator
Modulation
Pilots
L-Band
950 to 2,150 MHz
C-Band 3,700 to 4,200 MHz
X-Band 7,000 to 12,500 MHz
Ku-Band 11,000 to 18,000 MHz
Ka-Band 18,000 to 40,000 MHz
The RF frequency received from the satellite to the remote site.
Digital Video Broadcasting
The type of DVB transmission either DVB-S or DVB-S2.
Where the transmission signal originates
Forward Error Correction
Additional coding added to the transmission to enable the receiving site
(Digicast satellite receiver) to detect and correct errors experienced during
transmission over the satellite.
The filter roll off is known as the Alpha coefficient (α).
For DVB-S, α is fixed at 35%, but for DVB-S2, α can be configured as 20%,
25% or 35%. The smaller the α, the less bandwidth will be required on the
satellite.
Interfacility Link
The coax connecting the LNB to the Digicast satellite receiver.
Low Noise Block converter.
The frequency of the local oscillator in the Low Noise Block converter.
QPSK
8-PSK
16-APSK
On or Off
DVB-S2 introduced the use of Pilots for allowing the satellite receiver to remain
locked to the carrier under degraded signal conditions. The use of Pilots will
allow the receiver to maintain carrier recovery, even when the user data payload
cannot be decoded. Enabling Pilots does come at a slight bandwidth cost,
since the Pilot requires 36 symbols out of every 16 payload slots, but the gain in
performance offsets a minimal inefficiency.
D–7
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Setting Up a Digicast Digital Satellite Receiver
Polarization
Receiver
Remote Site
RF
Satellite
Spectral
Inversion
Symbol Rate
Uplink
Frequency
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
The voltage provided to power the LNB:
None – no power is provided to the LNB
Horizontal – 18 VDC is provided to the LNB and can be used to switch the
LNB’s polarization if supported by the LNB manufacturer
Vertical – 13 VDC is provided to the LNB and can be used to switch the LNB’s
polarization if supported by the LNB manufacturer
Digicast satellite receiver.
Where the transmission signal terminates.
Radio Frequency
The carrier frequency used to go from the Earth to the satellite and back.
A repeater located 22,300 miles above the Earth in geostationary orbit.
Determines whether the spectrum is inverted or normal. For this parameter, it is
recommended that On/Both or Off/Both be selected, since this will ensure the
Digicast satellite receiver will automatically determine the correct spectrum.
The symbol rate for the downlink carrier in Msps (Mega symbols per second).
The Symbol Rate is equivalent to the effective occupied bandwidth on the
satellite transponder, but does not include the filter roll off. To determine the
total occupied bandwidth on the satellite, the symbol rate is multiplied by (1+α),
where α is the configured filter roll off of the carrier.
The RF frequency transmitted to the satellite from the Earth Station.
D–8
Appendix E. Configuring and
Controlling the Digicast CMR-5975
Media Router with SNMP
In general, to configure the Digicast CMR-5975 for web-based management via Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP), first identify the required parameters listed below, then apply
them to the unit (Section E.2).
E.1
Required SNMP Information for Configuring a Digicast Product
To set up the Digicast CMR-5975 Media Router for SNMP, the following information must be
known:
SNMPv1
1. Which version of SNMP is desired?
SNMPv2c
@
SNMPv3 (Not Supported)
2. What SNMP Manager will be used
(informational only)?
3. What is the IP address of the SNMP
Manager?
.
4. What is the desired R/O Community String?
5. What is the desired R/W Community String?
E–1
.
.
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
E.2
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MN-CMR5975-IOM
Configuring the Digicast CMR-5975 Product for SNMP
Use the information gathered in Section E.1 to enter the proper parameters into the Digicast
CMR-5975 Media Router to make it operational via the Web interface.
There are three values that must be enabled to fully utilize all of the SNMP capabilities of the
Media Router:
SNMP R/W Community: (default = private)
– The community string provided for reading and writing to the private MIB elements on
the agent.
– The value entered will not be displayed to the user when entering the information or
displaying the Web page.
SNMP R/O Community: (default = public)
– The community string provided for reading the private MIB elements on the agent.
– The value entered will not be displayed to the user when entering the information or
displaying the Web page.
SNMP Server IP Address:
– The IP address of the SNMP server where the agent directs traps,
E–2
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
E.3
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
SNMP and Digicast Products
Digicast products may be managed using numerous protocols:
Connection Oriented Protocols
Connectionless Protocol
Web (Hypertext Transport Protocol)
SNMP
Terminal
Telnet
SNMP is an IP management tool that can be used to provide remote management for
communications products. The SNMP protocol is a manager/agent-based design, where a
manager oversees multiple agents (or remotes).
Unlike connection-oriented protocols, the SNMP protocol is based on a connectionless-oriented
design, where data is exchanged between the manager and agent in a “best effort” manner – if a
packet is lost, it will not be retransmitted. SNMP uses a packet structure known as a Protocol
Data Unit (PDU) that uses the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) for sending information over an
IP-enabled network.
There are currently three versions of SNMP in existence:
1. SNMP version 1 (SNMPv1) was the first version and is the most widely used today.
However, SNMPv1 has serious security problems which resulted in SNMP version 2
(SNMPv2) being created.
2. SNMPv2 and SNMPv2c provide an improved Management Information Base (MIB), a
modified PDU and enhanced security features.
3. SNMP version 3 (SNMPv3) was introduced to address additional security shortcomings and
complexity issues existent in SNMPv2. However, SNMPv3 has not been widely accepted,
and most equipment only supports SNMPv2c, which is backwards-compatible with SNMPv1.
SNMP can further be divided into more areas that involve the Management Information Base
(MIB) and polled versus unsolicited messages known as traps. The MIB is a file that is used by
the SNMP manager to identify available Object Identifiers (OIDs), otherwise known as variables
that can be set or retrieved on the agent device. Two types of MIBs are described here – MIB II
and private MIB.
E–3
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
E.4
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
MIB II
The SNMP MIB-II, as defined by Request for Comments (RFC) 1213, is a compilation of OIDs
fashioned in a hierarchical structure, as shown below:
The resulting notation used inside the MIB is represented in doted decimal notation as follows:
1.3.6.1.2.1.
1 = iso
3 = org
6 = dod
1 = internet
2 = mngt
1 = mib-2
etc.
Any remaining digits to the right of the last digit shown are sub elements and represent the actual
variables in the MIB.
E–4
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
E.4.1
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
MIB II OIDs on the Digicast Media Router (Model CMR-5975)
The following describes how MIB-II elements (OIDs) can be used to obtain (GET) information
from a Digicast CMR-5975 product:
The MIB-II elements are broken down into sections as follows:
MIB-11
Number
Type
Description
mib-II
1
system
General information about device for administration purposes
mib-II
2
interfaces
Keeps track of each interface on device
mib-II
3
at
Address translation (only for backward compatibility)
mib-II
4
ip
Tracks IP (Internet Protocol) aspects
mib-II
5
icmp
Tracks ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) aspects
mib-II
6
tcp
Tracks TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) aspects
mib-II
7
udp
Tracks UDP (User Diagram Protocol) aspects
mib-II
8
egp
Tracks EGP (Exterior Gateway Protocol) aspects
mib-II
9
(no longer used)
mib-II 10
transmission - currently not used
mib-II
snmp
11
Tracks SNMP aspects
Supported MIB-II OIDs on the Digicast CMR-5975 Media Router product are as follows:
MIB-II
Number
mib-II
mib-II
mib-II
Type
Sub Type
OID
Description
1.3.6.1.2.1.1
General information about device
for administration purposes
sysDescr
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1
System Description
Yes
sysObjectID
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.2
System Object ID
Yes
sysUpTime
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.3
System Up Time
Yes
sysContact
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.4
System Contact
Yes
sysName
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.5
System Name
Yes
sysLocation
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.6
System Location
Yes
sysServices
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.7
System Services
Yes
1.3.6.1.2.1.2
Keeps track of each interface on
device
ifNumber
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.1
Interface Number
Yes
ifTable
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2
Interface Table
Yes
1.3.6.1.2.1.3
Address translation (only for
backward compatibility)
1.3.6.1.2.1.3.1
Address Translation
1.3.6.1.2.1.4
Tracks IP (Internet Protocol)
1 system
2 interfaces
3 at
atTable
mib-II
4 ip
E–5
Supported
No
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
MIB-II
Number
Type
Sub Type
OID
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Description
Supported
aspects
mib-II
ipForwarding
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.1
IP Forwarding Enabled
No
ipDefaultTTL
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.2
IP Default Time-to-Live
Yes
ipInReceives
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.3
IP In Received
Yes
ipInHdrErrors
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.4
IP In Header Errors
Yes
ipInAddrErrors
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.5
IP In Address Errors
Yes
ipForwDatagrams
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.6
IP Forwarded Datagrams
Yes
IpInUnknownProtos
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.7
IP In Unknown Protocol
Yes
ipInDiscards
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.8
IP In Discards
Yes
ipInDelivers
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.9
IP In Deliveries
Yes
ipOutRequests
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.10 IP Out Requests
Yes
ipOutDiscards
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.11 IP Out Discards
Yes
ipOutNoRoutes
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.12 IP Out No Route
Yes
ipReasmTimeout
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.13 IP Reassembly Timeouts
Yes
ipReasmReqds
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.14 IP Reassembly Reqs
Yes
ipReasmOKs
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.15 IP Reassembly Okays
Yes
ipReasmFails
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.16 IP Reassembly Fails
Yes
ipFragOKs
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.17 IP Fragmentation Okay
Yes
ipFragFails
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.18 IP Fragmentation Fails
Yes
ipFragCreates
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.19 IP Fragmentation Creates
Yes
ipAddrTable
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.20 IP Address Table
Yes
ipRouteTable
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.21 IP Route Table
Yes
ipNetToMediaTable
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.22 IP Net to Media Table
Yes
ipRoutingDiscards
1.3.6.1.2.1.4.23 IP Routing Discards
Yes
5 icmp
1.3.6.1.2.1.5
Tracks ICMP (Internet Control
Message Protocol) aspects
icmpInMsgs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.1
ICMP In Messages
Yes
icmpInErrors
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.2
ICMP In Errors
Yes
icmpInDestUnreachs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.3
ICMP In Dest Unreachable
Yes
icmpInTimeExcds
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.4
ICMP In Time Exceeds
Yes
icmpInParmProbs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.5
ICMP In Parm Problems
Yes
icmpInSrcQuenchs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.6
ICMP In Source Quench
Yes
icmpInRedirects
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.7
ICMP In Redirects
Yes
icmpInEchos
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.8
ICMP In Echoes
Yes
icmpInEchoReps
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.9
ICMP In Echo Reps
Yes
icmpInTimestamps
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.10 ICMP In Time Stamps
Yes
icmpInTimestampReps
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.11 ICMP In Time Stamp Reps
Yes
icmpInAddrMasks
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.12 ICMP In Address Masks
Yes
E–6
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
MIB-II
Number
mib-II
mib-II
Type
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Sub Type
OID
Description
Supported
icmpInAddrMaskReps
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.13 ICMP In Address Mask Reps
Yes
icmpOutMsgs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.14 ICMP Out Messages
Yes
icmpOutErrors
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.15 ICMP Out Errors
Yes
icmpOutDestUnreachs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.16 ICMP Out Dest Unreachable
Yes
icmpOutTimeExcds
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.17 ICMP Out Time Exceeds
Yes
icmpOutParmProbs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.18 ICMP Out Parm Problems
Yes
icmpOutSrcQuenchs
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.19 ICMP Out Source Quench
Yes
icmpOutRedirects
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.20 ICMP Out Redirects
Yes
icmpOutEchos
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.21 ICMP Out Echoes
Yes
icmpOutEchoReps
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.22 ICMP out Echo Reps
Yes
icmpOutTimestamps
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.23 ICMP Out Time Stamps
Yes
icmpOutTimestampReps 1.3.6.1.2.1.5.24 ICMP Out TimeStamp Reps
Yes
icmpOutAddrMasks
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.25 ICMP Out Addr Masks
Yes
icmpOutAddrMaskReps
1.3.6.1.2.1.5.26 ICMP Out Address Mask Rep
Yes
6 tcp
1.3.6.1.2.1.6
Tracks TCP (Transmission Control
Protocol) aspects
tcpRtoAlgorithm
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.1
TCP Retrans Algorithm
Yes
tcpRtoMin
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.2
TCP Retrans Min
Yes
tcpRtoMax
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.3
TCP Retrans Max
Yes
tcpMaxConn
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.4
TCP Max Conn
Yes
tcpActiveOpens
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.5
TCP Active Conn Open
Yes
tcpPassiveOpens
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.6
TCP Passive Conn Open
Yes
tcpAttemptFails
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.7
TCP Attempts Failed
Yes
tcpEstabResets
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.8
TCP Established Resets
Yes
tcpCurrEstab
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.9
TCP Current Connections
Yes
tcpInSegs
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.10 TCP In Segments
Yes
tcpOutSegs
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.11 TCP Out Segments
Yes
tcpRetransSegs
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.12 TCP Retransmitted Segments
Yes
tcpConnTable
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.13 TCP Connection Table
Yes
tcpInErrs
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.14 TCP In Errors
Yes
tcpOutRsts
1.3.6.1.2.1.6.15 TCP Out Resets
Yes
7 udp
1.3.6.1.2.1.7
Tracks UDP (User Diagram
Protocol) aspects
udpInDatagrams
1.3.6.1.2.1.7.1
UDP In Datagrams Received
Yes
udpNoPorts
1.3.6.1.2.1.7.2
UDP No Ports Available
Yes
udpInErrors
1.3.6.1.2.1.7.3
UDP In Errors
Yes
udpOutDatagrams
1.3.6.1.2.1.7.4
UDP Out Datagrams Sent
Yes
E–7
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
MIB-II
Number
Type
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Sub Type
OID
Description
Supported
udpTable
1.3.6.1.2.1.7.5
UDP Table
No
Tracks EGP (Exterior Gateway
Protocol) aspects
No
mib-II
8 egp
mib-II
9 (no longer used)
mib-II 10 transmission - currently not used
mib-II 11 snmp
1.3.6.1.2.1.11
Tracks SNMP
aspects
snmpInPkts
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.1
SNMP In Packets
Yes
snmpOutPkts
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.2
SNMP Out
Packets
Yes
snmpInBadVersions
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.3
SNMP Bad
Version Numbers
Yes
snmpInBadCommunityNames
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.4
SNMP In Bad
Comm Names
Yes
snmpInBadCommunityUses
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.5
SNMP In Bad
Comm Users
Yes
snmpInASNParseErrs
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.6
SNMP In ASN
Parse Errors
Yes
snmpInTooBigs
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.8
SNMP In too Big
Yes
snmpInNoSuchNames
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.9
SNMP In No Such Yes
Name
snmpInBadValues
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.10
SNMP In Bad
Values
Yes
snmpInReadOnlys
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.11
SNMP In Read
Onlys
Yes
snmpInGenErrs
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.12
SNMP In Gen
Errors
Yes
snmpInTotalReqVars
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.13
SNMP In Total
Req Variables
Yes
snmpInTotalSetVars
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.14
SNMP In Total Set Yes
Variables
snmpInGetRequests
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.15
SNMP In Get
Requests
Yes
snmpInGetNexts
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.16
SNMP IN Get
Nexts
Yes
snmpInSetRequests
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.17
SNMP In Set
Requests
Yes
snmpInGetResponses
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.18
SNMP In Get
Responses
Yes
snmpInTraps
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.19
SNMP In Traps
Yes
snmpOutTooBigs
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.20
SNMP Out Too
Bigs
Yes
E–8
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
MIB-II
Number
Type
Sub Type
OID
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Description
Supported
snmpOutNoSuchNames
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.21
SNMP Out No
Such Name
Yes
snmpOutBadValues
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.22
SNMP Out Bad
Values
Yes
snmpOutGenErrs
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.24
SNMP Out Gen
Errors
Yes
snmpOutGetRequests
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.25
SNMP Out Get
Requests
Yes
snmpOutGetNexts
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.26
SNMP Out Get
Nexts
Yes
snmpOutSetRequests
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.27
SNMP Out Set
Requests
Yes
snmpOutGetResponses
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.28
SNMP Out Get
Responses
Yes
snmpOutTraps
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.29
SNMP Out Traps
No
snmpEnableAuthenTraps
1.3.6.1.2.1.11.30
SNMP Enable
Auth Traps
No
The MIB-II Traps are broken down as follows:
Trap Name
Description
dniColdStart
Cold start: The unit is starting up from a down state
dniWarmStart Warm Start: The unit is recovering from a reset incident
dniLinkDown
Link Down: The receiver has lost its L-Band signal
dniLinkUp
Link Up: The L-Band signal has been reestablished
dniAuthFail
Authentication Failure: An SNMP message received could not be authenticated
E–9
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
E.5
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Private MIB
Comtech EF Data’s Digicast private enterprise number is 18732. Therefore, the private MIB for
Comtech EF Data’s Digicast products is as follows:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18723.
1 = iso
3 = org
6 = dod
1 = internet
4 = private
1 = enterprise
18723 = Comtech EF Data’s Digicast Enterprise Number
etc.
E–10
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
E.5.1
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Private MIB OIDs on Digicast Products
The following describes how the Enterprise (Private) MIB elements (OIDs) can be used to obtain
(GET) information or configure (SET) a parameter on the Digicast CMR-5975 Media Router.
The Enterprise MIB elements (OIDs) are broken down as follows:
OID Number
OID
1.3.6.1.4.1.18723.5975.1.1 dniAggregateStatsTunerStats
Description
GET or SET
Tuner Statistics
GET
1.3.6.1.4.1.18723.5975.1.2 dniAggregateStatsTunerAcquiState Tuner Acquisition State GET
1.3.6.1.4.1.18723.5975.1.3 dniAggregateStatsEsNo
Es/No in dB
GET
1.3.6.1.4.1.18723.5975.1.4 dniAggregateStatsEbNo
Eb/No in dB
GET
The Enterprise Traps are broken down as follows:
Trap Name
Description
software reset
Software Reset has occurred
dropping packets
Unit is dropping packets
dropping packets cleared
Unit has stopped dropping packets
redundancy primary on
Redundancy – Primary Online
redundancy backup on
Redundancy – Backup Online
dniEbNoThreshhold
EbNo value is now set above the defined limit
dniEbNoThreshholdFail
EbNo value has fallen below the defined limit
dniRedundancyBackup
Redundant backup unit is now active
dniRedundancyPrimary
Redundant primary unit is now active
dniRedundancyModeConflict A conflict in redundancy mode has been detected
dniMPEGPIDConflict
MPEG-TS PID Conflict has occurred
dniDMAOverflow
DMA Overflow
dniDMAOverflowCleared
DMA Overflow Cleared
E–11
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
Configuring and Controlling the Digicast CMR‑ 5975 Media Router with SNMP
E.6
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Important Terms to Know
Get
Obtain an element (OID) of information from a agent.
GetNext
Obtains the next element (OID) of information from a agent.
GetResponse
Requests a response from the agent for information.
MIB
Message Information Base is the file that defines all the supported OIDs at the agent.
Message Information Base II which is a MIB that is supported by most PC and
communications products. MIB II is described in Request for Comments RFC 1213.
Object Identifier is the variable on the agent that can be configured (SET) or obtained (GET).
MIB II
OID
PDU
Private MIB
R/O
Community
R/W
Community
Set
SNMP Agent
SNMP
Manager
Trap
Protocol Data Unit is the message that carries all SNMP messages over a network.
The manufacturer created and defined MIB describing the OIDs that may be configured (SET)
or obtained (GET) from an agent product.
The community string for read only access to the MIB elements.
The community string for read/write access to the MIB elements.
Set an element (OID) of information on a agent.
The agent (remote) that is managed by an SNMP manager.
The manager and collection point for SNMP-enabled remote agents.
an unsolicited message sent to the SNMP server from the SNMP Agent.
The following image depicts these terms and indicates where they apply:
E–12
Appendix F. DVB-S/S2 BER
Performance at Quasi-Error Free
(QEF)
The Forward Error Correction (FEC) technique used in Digicast receivers complies with ETSI
EN 300 421 for DVB-S and ETSI EN 302 307 for DVB-S2. The information provided below
demonstrates the Es/No to provide "Quasi Error Free" (QEF) performance for a packet error rate
PER of 10-7. A PER of 10-7 corresponds to an approximate BER in the order of 3 x 10-10.
Test Configuration:
Symbol Rate: 20 Msps
Frame Size = 64,800 (Normal Frames)
Pilots: Off
Roll Off: 35%
Nominal Input Power: -48 dB
L-Band Frequency: 1,170 MHz
Input Range: -25 to -50 dBm
Assumptions:
‐7
QEF = 10 PER
Es/No = C/N
Recorded Data DVB-S:
Type
DVB-S
DVB-S
DVB-S
DVB-S
DVB-S
Modulation
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
FEC
1/2
2/3
3/4
5/6
7/8
F–1
Es/No dB
2.92
4.67
5.76
6.73
7.49
Digicast Media Router S2 Receiver CMR-5975 (MR-S2)
DVB-S/S2 BER Performance at Quasi-Error Free (QEF)
Revision 3
MN-CMR5975-IOM
Recorded Data DVB-S2 Pilots Off (Disabled):
Type
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
Modulation
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
FEC
1/2
3/5
2/3
3/4
4/5
5/6
8/9
9/10
3/5
2/3
3/4
5/6
8/9
9/10
Es/No dB
1.82
2.72
3.49
4.32
5.05
5.58
6.67
6.78
7.74
7.70
8.43
9.86
11.36
11.69
1/2
3/5
2/3
3/4
4/5
5/6
8/9
9/10
3/5
2/3
3/4
5/6
8/9
9/10
Es/No dB
1.74
2.60
3.41
4.44
5.03
5.60
6.61
6.96
5.98
7.24
8.63
10.27
11.93
12.44
Recorded Data DVB-S2 Pilots On (Enabled):
Type
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
DVB-S2
Modulation
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
QPSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
8-PSK
FEC
F–2
METRIC CONVERSIONS
Units of Length
Unit
Centimeter
Inch
Foot
Yard
Mile
Meter
Kilometer
Millimeter
1 centimeter
—
0.3937
0.03281
0.01094
6.214 x 10-6
0.01
—
—
1 inch
2.540
—
0.08333
0.2778
1.578 x 10-5
0.254
—
25.4
1 foot
30.480
12.0
—
0.3333
1.893 x 10-4
0.3048
—
—
1 yard
91.44
36.0
3.0
—
5.679 x 10-4
0.9144
—
—
1 meter
100.0
39.37
3.281
1.094
6.214 x 10-4
—
—
—
1 mile
1.609 x 105
6.336 x 104
5.280 x 103
1.760 x 103
—
1.609 x 103
1.609
—
1 mm
—
0.03937
—
—
—
—
—
—
1 kilometer
—
—
—
—
0.621
—
—
—
Temperature Conversions
° Fahrenheit
Unit
100
F = (C * 1.8) + 32
(water boils)
273.1
—
-459.6° Fahrenheit
C = (F - 32) * 0.555
(water freezes)
—
212° Fahrenheit
Formulas
0
—
32° Fahrenheit
° Centigrade
(absolute 0)
Units of Weight
Gram
Ounce
Avoirdupois
Ounce
Troy
Pound
Avoir.
Pound
Troy
Kilogram
—
0.03527
0.03215
0.002205
0.002679
0.001
1 oz. avoir.
28.35
—
0.9115
0.0625
0.07595
0.02835
1 oz. troy
31.10
1.097
—
0.06857
0.08333
0.03110
1 lb. avoir.
453.6
16.0
14.58
—
1.215
0.4536
1 lb. Troy
373.2
13.17
12.0
0.8229
—
0.3732
1 kilogram
1.0 x 103
35.27
32.15
2.205
2.679
—
Unit
1 gram
2114 WEST 7TH STREET TEMPE ARIZONA 85281 USA
480 • 333 • 2200 PHONE
480 • 333 • 2161 FAX
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