SP721Lead-Free/Green TVS Diode Arrays

SP721Lead-Free/Green TVS Diode Arrays
TVS Diode Arrays
Electronic Protection Array for ESD and Overvoltage Protection
RoHS
Pb
GREEN
SP721Lead-Free/Green
The SP721 is an array of SCR/Diode bipolar structures for ESD and
over-voltage protection to sensitive input circuits. The SP721 has 2
protection SCR/Diode device structures per input. There are a total of
6 available inputs that can be used to protect up to 6 external signal or
bus lines. Over-voltage protection is from the IN (Pins 1 - 3 and Pins
5 - 7) to V+ or V-.
The SCR structures are designed for fast triggering at a threshold of one
+VBE diode threshold above V+ (Pin 8) or a -VBE diode threshold below
V- (Pin 4). From an IN input, a clamp to V+ is activated if a transient
pulse causes the input to be increased to a voltage level greater than
one VBE above V+. A similar clamp to V- is activated if a negative pulse,
one VBE less than V-, is applied to an IN input. Standard ESD Human
Body Model (HBM) Capability is:
Features
HBM
STANDARD
MODE
IEC 61000-4-2
Air
MIL-STD-3015.7
R
C
ESD (V)
330Ω
150pF
>15kV
Direct
330Ω
150pF
>4kV
Direct, Dual Pins
330Ω
150pF
>8kV
Direct, In-Circuit
1.5kΩ
100pF
>15kV
Refer to Figure 1 and Table 1 for further detail. Refer to Application
Notes AN9304 and AN9612 for additional information.
Ordering Information
PART NO.
TEMP. RANGE
(oC)
PACKAGE
ENVIRONMENTAL
INFORMATON
MARKING
Min.
Order
-40 to 105
8 Ld PDIP
Lead-free
721APP
2000
SP721ABG
-40 to 105
8 Ld SOIC
Green
721AG
1960
SP721ABTG
-40 to 105
8 Ld SOIC
Tape and Reel
Green
721AG
2500
SP721APP
• ESD Interface Capability for HBM Standards
- MIL STD 3015.7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15kV
- IEC 61000-4-2, Direct Discharge,
- Single Input. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4kV (Level 2)
- Two Inputs in Parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8kV (Level 4)
- IEC 61000-4-2, Air Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15kV (Level 4)
• High Peak Current Capability
- IEC 61000-4-5 (8/20µs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±3A
- Single Pulse, 100µs Pulse Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±2A
- Single Pulse, 4µs Pulse Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±5A
• Designed to Provide Over-Voltage Protection
- Single-Ended Voltage Range to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +30V
- Differential Voltage Range to. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±15V
• Fast Switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2ns Rise Time
• Low Input Leakages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1nA at 25oC Typical
• Low Input Capacitance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3pF Typical
• An Array of 6 SCR/Diode Pairs
• Operating Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40oC to 105oC
Pinout
Applications
SP721 (PDIP, SOIC)
TOP VIEW
• Microprocessor/Logic Input Protection
• Data Bus Protection
IN
1
8
V+
IN
2
7
IN
IN
3
6
IN
V-
4
5
IN
• Analog Device Input Protection
• Voltage Clamp
Functional Block Diagram
V+ 8
3, 5-7
IN
1
V- 4
8
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IN 2
IN
Electronic Protection Array for ESD and Overvoltage Protection
RoHS
Pb
GREEN
SP721Lead-Free/Green
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
Continuous Supply Voltage, (V+) - (V-). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +35V
Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 1)
Forward Peak Current, IIN to VCC , IIN to GND
(Refer to Figure 6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±2A, 100µs
ESD Ratings and Capability (Figure 1, Table 1)
Load Dump and Reverse Battery (Note 2)
JA ( C/W)
PDIP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
SOIC Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Maximum Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -65oC to 150oC
Maximum Junction Temperature (Plastic Package) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150oC
Maximum Lead Temperature (Soldering 10s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .300oC
(SOIC Lead Tips Only)
o
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the device
at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
NOTE:
1. JA is measured with the component mounted on an evaluation PC board in free air.
Electrical Specifications T A = -40oC to 105oC, VIN = 0.5VCC , Unless Otherwise Specified
PARAMETER
Operating Voltage Range,
VSUPPLY = [(V+) - (V-)]
SYMBOL
TEST CONDITIONS
VSUPPLY
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
-
2 to 30
-
V
-
2
2
-
V
V
Forward Voltage Drop
Input Leakage Current
Quiescent Supply Current
IIN = 1A (Peak Pulse)
VFWDL
VFWDH
IIN
-20
5
+20
nA
IQUIESCENT
-
50
200
nA
Equivalent SCR ON Threshold
Note 3
-
1.1
-
V
Equivalent SCR ON Resistance
VFWD /IFWD; Note 3
-
1
-
Ω
Input Capacitance
CIN
-
3
-
pF
Input Switching Speed
tON
-
2
-
ns
5
TVS DIODE ARRAYS
IN to VIN to V+
NOTES:
2. In automotive and battery operated systems, the power supply lines should be externally protected for load dump and reverse battery. When the
V+ and V- Pins are connected to the same supply voltage source as the device or control line under protection, a current limiting resistor should
be connected in series between the external supply and the SP721 supply pins to limit reverse battery current to within the rated maximum
limits. Bypass capacitors of typically 0.01µF or larger from the V+ and V- Pins to ground are recommended.
3. Refer to the Figure 3 graph for definitions of equivalent “SCR ON Threshold” and “SCR ON Resistance”. These characteristics are given here
for thumb-rule information to determine peak current and dissipation under EOS conditions.
ESD Capability
TABLE 1. ESD TEST CONDITIONS
ESD capability is dependent on the application and defined test standard.The
evaluation results for various test standards and methods based on Figure 1
are shown in Table 1.
For the “Modified” MIL-STD-3015.7 condition that is defined as an “in-circuit”
method of ESD testing, the V+ and V- pins have a return path to ground and
the SP721 ESD capability is typically greater than 15kV from 100pF through
1.5kΩ. By strict definition of MIL-STD-3015.7 using “pin-to-pin” device testing,
the ESD voltage capability is greater than 6kV. The MIL-STD-3015.7 results
were determined from AT&T ESD Test Lab measurements.
STANDARD
TYPE/MODE
RD
MIL-STD-3015.7 Modified HBM
IEC 61000-4-2
EIAJ IC121
The HBM capability to the IEC 61000-4-2 standard is greater than 15kV
for air discharge (Level 4) and greater than 4kV for direct discharge
(Level 2). Dual pin capability (2 adjacent pins in parallel) is well in excess
of 8kV (Level 4).
For ESD testing of the SP721 to EIAJ IC121 Machine Model (MM) standard,
the results are typically better than 1kV from 200pF with no series resistance.
CD
±VD
1.5kΩ 100pF 15kV
Standard HBM
1.5kΩ 100pF
HBM, Air Discharge
330Ω 150pF 15kV
HBM, Direct Discharge
330Ω 150pF
4kV
HBM, Direct Discharge,
Two Parallel Input Pins
330Ω 150pF
8kV
Machine Model
0kΩ
1kV
R1
200pF
6kV
RD
CHARGE
SWITCH
DISCHARGE
SWITCH
CD
H.V.
SUPPLY
±VD
IN
DUT
IEC 1000-4-2: R 1 50 to 100MΩ
MIL-STD-3015.7: R 11 to 10MΩ
FIGURE 1. ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE TEST
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9
TVS Diode Arrays
Electronic Protection Array for ESD and Overvoltage Protection
RoHS
GREEN
Pb
100
SP721Lead-Free/Green
2.5
TA = 25oC
SINGLE PULSE
2
FORWARD SCR CURRENT (A)
FORWARD SCR CURRENT (mA)
80
TA = 25oC
SINGLE PULSE
60
40
20
1.5
1
IFWD
EQUIV. SAT. ON
THRESHOLD ~ 1.1V
0.5
0
VFWD
0
600
800
1000
1200
0
FORWARD SCR VOLTAGE DROP (mV)
FIGURE 2. LOW CURRENT SCR FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP
CURVE
1
2
FORWARD SCR VOLTAGE DROP (V)
FIGURE 3. HIGH CURRENT SCR FORWARD VOLTAGE DROP
CURVE
+VCC
+VCC
INPUT
DRIVERS
OR
SIGNAL
SOURCES
LINEAR OR
DIGITAL IC
INTERFACE
IN 1 - 3
IN 5 - 7
TO +VCC
V+
SP721
V-
SP721 INPUT PROTECTION CIRCUIT (1 OF 6 SHOWN)
FIGURE 4. TYPICAL APPLICATION OF THE SP721 AS AN INPUT CLAMP FOR OVER-VOLTAGE, GREATER THAN 1VBE ABOVE V+ OR
LESS THAN -1V BE BELOW V-
10
3
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Electronic Protection Array for ESD and Overvoltage Protection
GREEN
Pb
SP721Lead-Free/Green
Peak Transient Current Capability of the SP721
The peak transient current capability rises sharply as the width of the
current pulse narrows. Destructive testing was done to fully evaluate the
SP721’s ability to withstand a wide range of peak current pulses vs time.
The circuit used to generate current pulses is shown in Figure 5.
+
VX
-
VARIABLETIME DURATION
CURRENT PULSE GENERATOR
R1
CURRENT
SENSE
(-)
The test circuit of Figure 5 is shown with a positive pulse input. For a
negative pulse input, the (-) current pulse input goes to an SP721 ‘IN’
input pin and the (+) current pulse input goes to the SP721 V- pin. The
V+ to V- supply of the SP721 must be allowed to float. (i.e., It is not tied
to the ground reference of the current pulse generator.) Figure 6 shows
the point of overstress as defined by increased leakage in excess of the
data sheet published limits.
(+)
1 IN
2 IN
V+ 8
IN
7
3 IN
IN
6
4
IN
5
SP721
+
C1
-
VOLTAGE
PROBE
The maximum peak input current capability is dependent on the ambient
temperature, improving as the temperature is reduced. Peak current
curves are shown for ambient temperatures of 25oC and 105oC and a 15V
power supply condition. The safe operating range of the transient peak
current should be limited to no more than 75% of the measured overstress level for any given pulse width as shown in the curves of Figure 6.
V-
R1 ~ 10Ω TYPICAL
VX ADJ. 10V/A TYPICAL
C1 ~ 100µF
Note that adjacent input pins of the SP721 may be paralleled to improve
current (and ESD) capability. The sustained peak current capability is
increased to nearly twice that of a single pin.
FIGURE 5. TYPICAL SP721 PEAK CURRENT TEST CIRCUIT
WITH A VARIABLE PULSE WIDTH INPUT
7
CAUTION: SAFE OPERATING CONDITIONS LIMIT
THE MAXIMUM PEAK CURRENT FOR A GIVEN
PULSE WIDTH TO BE NO GREATER THAN 75%
OF THE VALUES SHOWN ON EACH CURVE.
PEAK CURRENT (A)
6
TA = 25oC
5
V+ TO V- SUPPLY = 15V
4
TA = 105oC
3
2
1
0
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
PULSE WIDTH TIME (ms)
FIGURE 6. SP721 TYPICAL SINGLE PULSE PEAK CURRENT CURVES SHOWING THE MEASURED POINT OF OVERSTRESS IN
AMPERES vs PULSE WIDTH TIME IN MILLISECONDS
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5
TVS DIODE ARRAYS
RoHS
11
TVS Diode Arrays
Electronic Protection Array for ESD and Overvoltage Protection
RoHS
Pb
GREEN
SP721Lead-Free/Green
Dual-In-Line Plastic Packages (PDIP)
E8.3 (JEDEC MS-001-BA ISSUE D)
8 LEAD DUAL-IN-LINE PLASTIC PACKAGE
N
INCHES
E1
INDEX
AREA
1 2 3
N/2
-B-
-AD
E
BASE
PLANE
-C-
A2
SEATING
PLANE
A
L
D1
e
B1
D1
B
0.010 (0.25) M
A1
eC
C A B S
SYMBOL
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
NOTES
A
-
0.210
-
5.33
4
A1
0.015
-
0.39
-
4
A2
0.115
0.195
2.93
4.95
-
B
0.014
0.022
0.356
0.558
-
1.77
8, 10
C
L
B1
0.045
0.070
1.15
eA
C
0.008
0.014
0.204
C
D
0.355
0.400
9.01
D1
0.005
-
0.13
eB
NOTES:
1. Controlling Dimensions: INCH. In case of conflict between
English and Metric dimensions, the inch dimensions control.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
3. Symbols are defined in the “MO Series Symbol List” in Section
2.2 of Publication No. 95.
4. Dimensions A, A1 and L are measured with the package seated
in JEDEC seating plane gauge GS-3.
5. D, D1, and E1 dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.010 inch
(0.25mm).
6. E and eA are measured with the leads constrained to be perpendicular to datum -C- .
7. eB and eC are measured at the lead tips with the leads unconstrained. eC must be zero or greater.
8. B1 maximum dimensions do not include dambar protrusions.
Dambar protrusions shall not exceed 0.010 inch (0.25mm).
0.355
10.16
-
5
5
E
0.300
0.325
7.62
8.25
6
E1
0.240
0.280
6.10
7.11
5
e
0.100 BSC
2.54 BSC
-
7.62 BSC
6
eA
0.300 BSC
eB
-
0.430
-
10.92
7
L
0.115
0.150
2.93
3.81
4
N
9. N is the maximum number of terminal positions.
10. Corner leads (1, N, N/2 and N/2 + 1) for E8.3, E16.3, E18.3,
E28.3, E42.6 will have a B1 dimension of 0.030 - 0.045 inch
(0.76 - 1.14mm).
12
MILLIMETERS
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8
8
9
Electronic Protection Array for ESD and Overvoltage Protection
Pb
GREEN
SP721Lead-Free/Green
Small Outline Plastic Packages (SOIC)
M8.15
(JEDEC MS-012-AA ISSUE C)
8 LEAD NARROW BODY SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC PACKAGE
N
INDEX
AREA
H
0.25(0.010) M
INCHES
B M
SYMBOL
E
-B1
2
3
L
SEATING PLANE
-A-
h x 45o
A
D
µ
e
A1
B
0.25(0.010) M
C
0.10(0.004)
C A M
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
NOTES
A
0.0532
0.0688
1.35
1.75
-
A1
0.0040
0.0098
0.10
0.25
-
B
0.013
0.020
0.33
0.51
9
C
0.0075
0.0098
0.19
0.25
-
D
0.1890
0.1968
4.80
5.00
3
E
0.1497
0.1574
3.80
4.00
4
e
-C-
B S
0.050 BSC
1.27 BSC
-
H
0.2284
0.2440
5.80
6.20
-
h
0.0099
0.0196
0.25
0.50
5
L
0.016
0.050
0.40
1.27
6
8o
0o
N
NOTES:
1. Symbols are defined in the “MO Series Symbol List” in Section 2.2 of
Publication Number 95.
MILLIMETERS
µ
8
0o
8
7
8o
-
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
3. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs.
Mold flash, protrusion and gate burrs shall not exceed 0.15mm (0.006
inch) per side.
4. Dimension “E” does not include interlead flash or protrusions. Interlead flash and protrusions shall not exceed 0.25mm (0.010 inch) per
side.
5. The chamfer on the body is optional. If it is not present, a visual index
feature must be located within the crosshatched area.
6. “L” is the length of terminal for soldering to a substrate.
7. “N” is the number of terminal positions.
8. Terminal numbers are shown for reference only.
9. The lead width “B”, as measured 0.36mm (0.014 inch) or greater
above the seating plane, shall not exceed a maximum value of
0.61mm (0.024 inch).
10. Controlling dimension: MILLIMETER. Converted inch dimensions
are not necessarily exact.
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5
TVS DIODE ARRAYS
RoHS
13
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