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Adept Quattro
s650H Robot
User’s Guide
Adept Quattro
s650H Robot
User’s Guide
P/N: 09313-000, Rev A
October, 2008
3011 Triad Drive • Livermore, CA 94551 • USA • Phone 925.245.3400 • Fax 925.960.0452
Otto-Hahn-Strasse 23 • 44227 Dortmund • Germany • Phone +49.231.75.89.40 • Fax +49.231.75.89.450
151 Lorong Chuan #04-07 • New Tech Park, Lobby G • Singapore 556741 • Phone +65.6281.5731 • Fax +65.6280.5714
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Adept Technology, Inc. This manual is periodically reviewed and revised.
Adept Technology, Inc., assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions in this document.
Critical evaluation of this manual by the user is welcomed. Your comments assist us in preparation
of future documentation. Please email your comments to: techpubs@adept.com.
Copyright ©2007, 2008 by Adept Technology, Inc. All rights reserved.
Adept, the Adept logo, the Adept Technology logo, AdeptVision, AIM, Blox, Bloxview, FireBlox,
Fireview, HexSight, Meta Controls, MetaControls, Metawire, Soft Machines, and Visual Machines
are registered trademarks of Adept Technology, Inc.
Brain on Board is a registered trademark of Adept Technology, Inc. in Germany.
ACE, Adept 1060 / 1060+, Adept 1850 / 1850 XP, Adept 540 Adept 560, Adept AnyFeeder,
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Any trademarks from other companies used in this publication
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Printed in the United States of America
Table of Contents
1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.1 Product Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Adept Quattro s650H Robot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quattro Robot Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adept AIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inner Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ball Joints, Outer Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adept SmartController . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
14
14
15
16
16
20
1.2 Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
1.3 Manufacturer’s Declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
1.4 How Can I Get Help? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Related Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Adept Document Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.1 Warnings, Cautions, and Notes in Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.2 Warning Labels on the Robot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.3 Precautions and Required Safeguards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Safety Barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Impact and Trapping Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instructions for Emergency Movement without Drive Power . . . . . . . . . . .
Emergency Recovery Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
25
25
25
25
2.4 Risk Assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Severity of Injury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Slow Speed Control Function and Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.5 Intended Use of the Robots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
2.6 Robot Modifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Acceptable Modifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Unacceptable Modifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
2.7 Transport. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.8 Safety Requirements for Additional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.9 Sound Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.10 Thermal Hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
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2.11 Working Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
2.12 Qualification of Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
2.13 Safety Equipment for Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
2.14 Protection Against Unauthorized Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
2.15 Safety Aspects While Performing Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
2.16 Risks Due to Incorrect Installation or Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
2.17 What to Do in an Emergency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3
Robot Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.1 Transport and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.2 Unpacking and Inspecting the Adept Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Before Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Upon Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.3 Repacking for Relocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.4 Environmental and Facility Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.5 Mounting Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Frame Orientation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Frame Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Robot-to-Frame Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Gussets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3.6 Mounting the Robot Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Robot Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Mounting Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Mounting Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Mounting Procedure from Above the Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Mounting Procedure from Below the Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Install Mounting Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
3.7 Attaching the Outer Arms and Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Clocking the Platform to the Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Attaching the Outer Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4
System Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.1 System Cable Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.2 Cable Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4.3 Installing the SmartController . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4.4 Description of Connectors on Robot Interface Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
4.5 Cable Connections from Robot to SmartController . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
6
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4.6 Connecting 24 VDC Power to Robot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Specifications for 24 VDC Robot and Controller Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Details for 24 VDC Mating Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Procedure for Creating 24 VDC Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing 24 VDC Robot Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54
55
55
56
4.7 Connecting 200-240 VAC Power to Robot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Specifications for AC Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Details for AC Mating Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Procedure for Creating 200-240 VAC Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing AC Power Cable to Robot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
59
59
60
4.8 Grounding the Adept Quattro s650H Robot System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Robot-Mounted Equipment Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
4.9 Installing User-Supplied Safety Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
5
System Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
5.1 Robot Status Display Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
5.2 Status Panel Fault Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
5.3 Using the Brake Release Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Brake Release Button. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
5.4 Connecting Digital I/O to the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
5.5 Using Digital I/O on Robot XIO Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
XIO Input Signals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
XIO Breakout Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
5.6 Commissioning the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Verifying Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Start-up Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Verifying E-Stop Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Verifying Robot Motions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
75
76
76
5.7 Quattro Motions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Straight-line Motion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Containment Obstacles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Tool Flange Rotation Extremes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
5.8 Learning to Program the Adept Quattro Robot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
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Optional Equipment Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
6.1 End-Effectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Attaching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Aligning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Accessing Vacuum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
6.2 Routing End-effector Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
7
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
7.1 Dimension Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
7.2 Adept Quattro s650H Robot Internal Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
7.3 XSLV Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
7.4 Robot Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
7.5 Platform Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Torque and Rotation Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Payload Inertia vs. Acceleration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
7.6 Robot Mounting Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
8
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
8.1 Periodic Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
8.2 Checking Safety Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
8.3 Checking Robot Mounting Bolts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
8.4 Checking Robot Gear Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
8.5 Checking Fan Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
8.6 Replacing the AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Removing the AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Installing a New AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
8.7 Replacing the Encoder Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Battery Replacement Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Battery Replacement Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
8.8 Replacing a Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
8
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Table of Contents
9
Robot Cleaning/ Environmental Concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
9.1 Ambient Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
9.2 Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Caustic Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Water Shedding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Wipe-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
9.3 Cleanroom Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
9.4 Design Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Robot Base and Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inner Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ball Joints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outer Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
112
112
113
113
113
9.5 Installing Cable Seal Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Installation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
9
List of Figures
Figure 1-1.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 1-2.
Major Robot Components, Isometric View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 1-3.
Adept AIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Figure 1-4.
Robot Inner Arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Figure 1-5.
Ball Joints between Inner and Outer Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Figure 1-6.
185° Platform, Top View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 1-7.
185° Platform, Bottom View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 1-8.
60° Platform, Top View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 1-9.
60° Platform, Bottom View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 1-10.
Adept SmartController CX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 2-1.
Electrical and Thermal Warning Labels on AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Figure 3-1.
Quattro Shipping Crate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Figure 3-2.
Crate with Front Panel/Sides Removed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Figure 3-3.
Sample Quattro Mounting Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Figure 3-4.
Location of Slings for Lifting Robot Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Figure 3-5.
Major Robot Components, Top View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Figure 3-6.
Platform Orientation Labeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Figure 3-7.
Inner Arm Ball Studs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Figure 3-8.
Ball Joint Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Figure 3-9.
Installing Ball Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Figure 3-10.
Spring Hook Gap Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Figure 3-11.
Spring Hook in Bushing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Figure 4-1.
System Cable Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Figure 4-2.
Robot Interface Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figure 4-3.
User-Supplied 24 VDC Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Figure 4-4.
Typical AC Power Installation with Single-Phase Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Figure 4-5.
Single-Phase AC Power Installation from a Three-Phase AC Supply . . . . . . 59
Figure 4-6.
AC Power Mating Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Figure 5-1.
Robot Status Display Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Figure 5-2.
Connecting Digital I/O to the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Figure 5-3.
Typical User Wiring for XIO Input Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Figure 5-4.
Typical User Wiring for XIO Output Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Figure 5-5.
Optional XIO Breakout Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Figure 5-6.
Typical Startup Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Figure 5-7.
185° Platform Ambiguity Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Figure 5-8.
Invalid Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Figure 5-9.
Valid Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Figure 7-1.
Top Dimensions, Work Envelope, and Mounting Hole Pattern . . . . . . . . . . 83
Figure 7-2.
Work Envelope, Side View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
11
List of Figures
Figure 7-3.
Tool Flange Dimensions, 60° Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Figure 7-4.
Tool Flange Dimensions, 185° Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Figure 7-5.
Arm Travel Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Figure 7-6.
Robot Internal Connections Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Figure 7-7.
Mounting Frame, Orthogonal View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Figure 7-8.
Mounting Frame, Side View 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Figure 7-9.
Mounting Frame, Side View 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Figure 7-10.
Mounting Frame, Detail 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Figure 7-11.
Mounting Frame, Detail 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Figure 7-12.
Mounting Frame, Top View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Figure 8-1.
Securing Screw on AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Figure 8-2.
Opening the AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Figure 8-3.
Connectors on AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Figure 8-4.
Ground Screw on AIB Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Figure 8-5.
Status Display Panel, Showing 4 hex-head Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Figure 8-6.
Battery Bracket on Status Display Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Figure 8-7.
SPEC Utility Load Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Figure 8-8.
SPEC Save Specification Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Figure 9-1.
AIB and Base, Showing Non-anodized Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Figure 9-2.
Joint, Between AIB and Base, to be Caulked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Figure 9-3.
AIB Cable Seal Housing (left), Installed (right) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Figure 9-4.
Cable Entry Top Cover Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Figure 9-5.
Bottom of Cable Entry Top Cover, CF Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Figure 9-6.
Adapting a Module to the Cable Size, Checking the Gap . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Figure 9-7.
Greasing a Roxtec Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Figure 9-8.
Installing Roxtec Modules into the Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Figure 9-9.
Tightening the Compression Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Figure 9-10.
Cable Entry Assembly with Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Figure 9-11.
Ground Lug Attachment on the AIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Figure 9-12.
Installing Cable Entry Top Cover Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
12
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Introduction
1.1
1
Product Description
Adept Quattro s650H Robot
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is a four-axis parallel robot. The four identical axis motors
control movement of the robot tool in X, Y, and Z directions, as well as Theta rotation. See
Figure 1-1.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot requires an Adept SmartController CX for operation. The
robot is user-programmed and controlled using the SmartController.
NOTE: The Adept SmartController CX must be installed inside a NEMA-1
rated enclosure.
The robot servo code runs on an Adept SmartServo distributed-motion control platform
embedded in the robot base.
Mechanical specifications for the Adept Quattro s650H robot are provided in Chapter 7.
Figure 1-1. Adept Quattro s650H Robot
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
13
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Cable Cover
(IP-66 option)
AIB
Base
Mounting
Pads
Inner
Arms
Motor
Cover
Ball Joints
(springs not
shown)
Outer
Arms
Platform
(springs not
shown)
Figure 1-2. Major Robot Components, Isometric View
Quattro Robot Base
The Adept Quattro s650H robot base is an aluminum casting that houses the four drive
motors, and supports the AIB (Amplifiers-In-Base). It provides four mounting pads for
attaching the base to a rigid support frame. The Status Display Panel is mounted on the
side of the robot base.
Adept AIB
The power amplifiers for the Adept Quattro s650H robot are embedded in the base of the
robot. This amplifier section is known as the AIB distributed motion control platform, and
provides closed-loop servo control of the robot amplifiers, as well as robot I/O.
Adept AIB features:
• On-board digital I/O: 12 inputs, 8 outputs
• Low EMI for use with noise-sensitive equipment
• No external fan
• 8 kHz servo rate
• Sine-wave commutation
• Digital feed-forward design
• Temperature sensors on all amplifiers and motors
14
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Product Description
Figure 1-3. Adept AIB
Inner Arms
The four robot motors attach directly to the inner arms through a high-performance gear
reducer. Other than optional, user-supplied hardware mounted on the platform, these are
the only drive motors in the Quattro. Figure 1-4 shows a precision carbon fiber assembly
of an inner arm. The RIA-compliant hard stops limit the inner arm motion to -52° and
+124°.
Figure 1-4. Robot Inner Arm
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
15
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Ball Joints, Outer Arms
The inner arm motion is transmitted to the platform through the outer arms, which are
connected between the inner arms and platform with precision ball-joints. The outer arms
are carbon fiber epoxied assemblies with identical ball-joint sockets at each end. A bearing
insert at each socket accepts the ball-joint studs on the inner arms and platform, and
allows for ± 60° of relative motion. No ball-joint lubrication is required. See the following
figure. Refer also to “Ball Joints” on page 112.
Ball Joint Socket
Ball Joint
Socket Insert
Inner Arm
Outer
Arm
Springs
Outer
Arms
Ball Joint Stud
Figure 1-5. Ball Joints between Inner and Outer Arms
Each pair of outer arms is held together with springs that pre-tension the ball joint
assemblies. The outer arms can be installed and removed without tools.
Platform
The platform converts the motion of the four Quattro motors into Cartesian motion and
Theta rotation of the robot tool.
Platform articulation is achieved by differentially driving the four motors. Tool rotation is
implemented with either a gear-drive mechanism, or with direct-drive, for applications
needing higher rotation force but less rotation range.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot currently supports two types of platforms, depending on
the amount of Theta rotation and inertia needed.
NOTE: The two platforms require different robot parameters. The 185°
platform is the default. If you have a 60° platform, contact your Adept
representative.
16
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Product Description
The 185° platform (P/N 09068-000) has a rotation range of ±185°, achieved with a gear
drive. This is illustrated in Figure 1-6 and Figure 1-7.
The 60° platform (P/N 09023-000 ) has a rotation range of ± 60°. The tool flange is
mounted directly to the pivot link. It does not rotate in relation to the pivot link, so there
are no gears involved. This is illustrated in Figure 1-8 and Figure 1-9.
NOTE: The 60° platform flange is 27.1 mm higher, in Z, than the previous
1:1 and 4:1 platform flanges. An optional spacer of this thickness is
available, from Adept, as P/N 02906-000. The 185° platform is 9.78 mm
higher, in Z. The optional spacer for it is P/N 09266-000.
Refer to “Torque and Rotation Limits” on page 90 for details on rotation and inertial
loading of the platforms.
Both platforms are constructed such that the clocking of the platform relative to the robot
base is critical. This is detailed in “Clocking the Platform to the Base” on page 45.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
17
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Figure 1-6. 185° Platform, Top View
Figure 1-7. 185° Platform, Bottom View
18
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Product Description
Figure 1-8. 60° Platform, Top View
Figure 1-9. 60° Platform, Bottom View
For shipping:
• The platform and outer arms are removed.
• The platform is shipped pre-assembled as a unit.
You will need to connect the outer arms between the inner arms and the platform
to reassemble the robot. The outer-arm assemblies are interchangeable.
Any end-effectors and their air lines and wiring are user-supplied.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
19
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Adept SmartController
The SmartController is the foundation of Adept’s family of high-performance,
distributed-motion and vision controllers. The SmartController is designed for use with:
• Adept Quattro robots
• Adept Cobra s-series robots
• Adept Viper s-series robots
• Adept Python linear modules
• Adept MotionBlox-10
• Adept sMI6 (SmartMotion)
The Adept SmartController CX supports an integrated vision option and a conveyor
tracking option, as well as other options. It offers scalability and support for IEEE
1394-based digital I/O and general motion expansion modules. The IEEE 1394 interface is
the backbone of the Adept SmartServo distributed-servo network, which supports Adept
products. The controller is commonly programmed through its Fast Ethernet port, which
can be on a distributed network or directly connected to a PC for programming.
SmartServo
OK
HPE
LAN
SF
ES
HD
1.1
SW1
1 2 3 4
1.2
IEEE-1394
2.1
Device Net
2.2
RS-232/TERM
RS-422/485
RS-232-1
RS-232-2
Eth 10/100
BELT ENCODER
ON
OFF
1
2
3
XDIO
XUSR
XSYS
XMCP
XFP
XDC1 XDC2
24V
5A
-+
-+
SmartController CX
*S/N 3562-XXXXX*
CAMERA
R
Figure 1-10. Adept SmartController CX
Refer to Adept SmartController User’s Guide for SmartController specifications.
1.2
Installation Overview
The system installation process is summarized in the following table. Refer also to the
system cable diagram in Figure 4-1 on page 51.
Table 1-1. Installation Overview
20
Task to be Performed
Reference Location
1. Mount the robot to a level, stable mounting frame.
Section 3.6 on page 40.
2. Attach the robot outer arms and platform.
Section 3.7 on page 45.
3. Install the SmartController, Front Panel, Pendant (if
purchased), and AdeptWindows user interface.
Section 4.3 on page 52.
4. Install the IEEE 1394 and XSYS cables between
the robot and SmartController.
Section 4.5 on page 54.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Manufacturer’s Declaration
Table 1-1. Installation Overview
1.3
Task to be Performed
Reference Location
5. Create a 24 VDC cable and connect it between the
robot and the user-supplied 24 VDC power supply.
Section 4.6 on page 54.
6. Create a 200-240 VAC cable and connect it
between the robot and the facility AC power
source.
Section 4.7 on page 57.
7. Install user-supplied safety barriers in the workcell.
Section 4.9 on page 61.
8. Connect digital I/O through the XIO connector on
the robot.
Section 5.5 on page 67.
9. Commission the system, including system start-up
and testing operation.
Section 5.6 on page 73.
10.Install optional equipment, including end-effectors,
user air and electrical lines, external equipment,
solenoids, etc.
Section 6.1 on page 81.
Manufacturer’s Declaration
The Manufacturer's Declaration of Incorporation and Conformity for Adept robot systems
can be found at the Adept website, under the Support section. The URL for the folder is:
ftp://ftp1.adept.com/Download-Library/Manufacturer-Declarations/
Each Manufacturer's Declaration is supplied in PDF format and stored on the website in a
ZIP archive. To access the PDF document:
1. Click on the appropriate .zip file. You are prompted to Open or Save the file.
2. Click Open to open the file and display the archive contents.
3. Double-click on a .pdf file to open it.
1.4
How Can I Get Help?
Refer to the How to Get Help Resource Guide (Adept P/N 00961-00700) for details on
getting assistance with your Adept software and hardware. Additionally, you can access
information sources on Adept’s corporate web site:
http://www.adept.com
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
21
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Related Manuals
This manual covers the installation, operation, and maintenance of an Adept Quattro
s650H robot system. There are additional manuals that cover programming the system,
reconfiguring installed components, and adding optional components. See the following
table. These manuals are available on the Adept Document Library CD-ROM shipped
with each system.
Table 1-2. Related Manuals
Manual Title
Description
Adept SmartController User’s
Guide
Contains complete information on the installation and operation
of the Adept SmartController and the optional sDIO product.
AdeptWindows Installation
Guide and AdeptWindows
Online Help
Describes complex network installations, installation and use of
NFS server software, the AdeptWindows Offline Editor, and the
AdeptWindows DDE software.
Instructions for Adept Utility
Programs
Describes the V+ utility programs used for advanced system
configurations, system upgrades, file copying, and other
operating system configuration procedures.
V+ Operating System User’s
Guide
Describes the V+ operating system, including disk file
operations, monitor commands, and monitor command
programs.
V+ Language User’s Guide
Describes the V+ language and programming of an Adept
control system.
Adept T1 Pendant User’s
Guide
Describes use of the optional T1 Manual Control Pendant, P/N
04962-000
Adept T2 Pendant User’s
Guide
Describes use of the optional T2 Manual Control Pendant, P/N
04962-200
Adept SmartMotion
Developer’s Guide
Describes the use of Adept Utilities, including SPEC. This is
written for the Adept SmartMotion system, but is a good source
for SPEC for the Quattro, too.
Adept Document Library
The Adept Document Library (ADL) contains documentation for Adept products. You
can access the ADL from:
• the Adept Software CD shipped with your system
• the Adept web site. Select Document Library from the Adept home page. To go
directly to the Adept Document Library, type the following URL into your
browser:
http://www.adept.com/Main/KE/DATA/adept_search.htm
To locate information on a specific topic, use the Document Library search engine on the
ADL main page. To view a list of available product documentation, select the Document
Titles option.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Safety
2.1
2
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes in Manual
There are six levels of special alert notation used in this manual. In descending order of
importance, they are:
DANGER: This indicates an imminently hazardous
electrical situation which, if not avoided, will result in
death or serious injury.
DANGER: This indicates an imminently hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
WARNING: This indicates a potentially hazardous
electrical situation which, if not avoided, could result in
injury or major damage to the equipment.
WARNING: This indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in injury or
major damage to the equipment.
CAUTION: This indicates a situation which, if not avoided,
could result in damage to the equipment.
NOTE: This provides supplementary information, emphasizes a point or
procedure, or gives a tip for easier operation.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
23
Chapter 2 - Safety
2.2
Warning Labels on the Robot
The following figure shows the warning labels on the Adept Quattro s650H robot.
Figure 2-1. Electrical and Thermal Warning Labels on AIB Chassis
2.3
Precautions and Required Safeguards
This manual must be read by all personnel who install, operate, or maintain Adept
systems, or who work within or near the workcell.
WARNING: Adept Technology strictly prohibits
installation, commissioning, or operation of an Adept
robot without adequate safeguards that comply with
applicable local and national standards. Installations in EU
and EEA countries must comply with EN 775/ISO 10218,
especially sections 5,6; EN 292-2; and EN 60204-1,
especially section 13.
Safety Barriers
Safety barriers must be an integral part of robot workcell design. Adept systems are
computer-controlled and may activate remote devices under program control at times or
along paths not anticipated by personnel. It is critical that safeguards be in place to
prevent personnel from entering the workcell whenever equipment power is present.
The robot system integrator, or end user, must ensure that adequate safeguards, safety
barriers, light curtains, safety gates, safety floor mats, etc., are installed. The robot
workcell must be designed according to the applicable local and national standards (see
Section 2.8 on page 31).
The safe distance to the robot depends on the height of the safety fence. The height and
the distance of the safety fence from the robot must ensure that personnel cannot reach the
danger zone of the robot.
The Adept control system has features that aid the user in constructing system
safeguards, including customer emergency stop circuitry and digital input and output
lines. The emergency power-off circuitry is capable of switching external power systems,
and can be interfaced to the appropriate user-supplied safeguards.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Precautions and Required Safeguards
Impact and Trapping Points
Adept robots are capable of moving at high speeds. If a person is struck by a robot
(impacted) or trapped (pinched), death or serious injury could occur. Robot configuration,
joint speed, joint orientation, and attached payload all contribute to the total amount of
energy available to cause injury.
DANGER: The robot system must be installed to avoid
interference with buildings, structures, utilities, other
machines, and equipment that may create a trapping
hazard or pinch points.
Instructions for Emergency Movement without Drive Power
In an emergency, when AC power is removed from the system but DC power is still
present, the arm can be moved manually. The Brake Release button must be pressed to
enable arm movement. Refer to “Brake Release Button” on page 65.
Emergency Recovery Procedures
In an emergency, follow your internal procedures for emergency recovery of systems.
Additional Safety Information
The standards and regulations listed in this manual contain additional guidelines for
robot system installation, safeguarding, maintenance, testing, startup, and operator
training. Table 2-1 lists some sources for the various standards.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
25
Chapter 2 - Safety
Table 2-1. Sources for International Standards and Directives
SEMI International Standards
3081 Zanker Road
San Jose, CA 95134
USA
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
11 West 42nd Street, 13th Floor
New York, NY 10036
USA
Phone: 408-943-6900
Fax: 408-428-9600
Phone 212-642-4900
Fax 212-398-0023
http://www.semi.org
http://www.ansi.org
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
333 Pfingsten Road
Northbrook, IL 60062-2096 USA
BSI Group (British Standards)
389 Chiswick High Road
London W4 4AL
United Kingdom
Phone: 847-272-8800
Fax: 847-272-8129
http://www.ul.com/info/standard.htm
Phone +44 (0)20 8996 9000
Fax +44 (0)20 8996 7400
http://www.bsi-global.com
Global Engineering Documents
15 Inverness Way East
Englewood, CO 80112
USA
Document Center, Inc.
1504 Industrial Way, Unit 9
Belmont, CA 94002
USA
Phone 800-854-7179
Fax 303-397-2740
Phone 415-591-7600
Fax 415-591-7617
http://global.ihs.com
http://www.document-center.com
IEC, International Electrotechnical Commission
Rue de Varembe 3
PO Box 131
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
Robotic Industries Association (RIA)
900 Victors Way
PO Box 3724
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
USA
Phone +41 22 919-0211
Fax +41 22 919-0300
Phone 313-994-6088
Fax 313-994-3338
http://www.iec.ch
http://www.robotics.org
DIN, Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V.
German Institute for Standardization
Burggrafenstrasse 6
10787 Berlin
Germany
Phone.: +49 30 2601-0
Fax: +49 30 2601-1231
http://www.din.de
http://www2.beuth.de/ (publishing)
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Risk Assessment
2.4
Risk Assessment
Without special safeguards in its control system, the Adept Quattro s650H robot could
inflict serious injury on an operator working within its work envelope. Safety standards in
some countries require appropriate safety equipment to be installed as part of the system.
Table 2-2 lists some of the safety standards that affect industrial robots. It is not a complete
list. Safeguards must comply with all applicable local and national standards for the
location where the robot is installed.
Table 2-2. Partial List of Robot and Machinery Safety Standards
International
USA
Canada
ISO 10218
Europe
EN 775
ANSI/RIA
R15.06
CAN/CSAZ434-94
Title of Standard
Manipulating Industrial Robots Safety
Industrial Robots and Robot
Systems - Safety Requirements
EN 292-2
Safety of Machinery - Basic
Concepts, General Principles for
Design
EN 954-1
Safety Related Parts of Control
Systems - General Principles for
Design
EN 1050
Safety of Machinery - Risk
Assessment
Exposure
When Arm Power is ON, all personnel must be kept out of the robot work envelope by
interlocked perimeter barriers. The only permitted exception is for teaching the robot in
Manual Mode by a skilled person (see “Qualification of Personnel” on page 32), who must
wear safety equipment (see “Safety Equipment for Operators” on page 33) and carry the
Adept pendant. Therefore, exposure of personnel to hazards related to the robot is limited
(seldom and/or short exposure time).
Severity of Injury
Provided that skilled personnel who enter the robot work envelope are wearing
protective headgear, eyeglasses, and safety shoes, it is likely that any injuries caused by
the robot would be slight (normally reversible).
Avoidance
A programmer must always carry the pendant when inside the work envelope, as the
pendant provides both E-Stop and Enabling switch functions.
For normal operation (AUTO mode), user-supplied interlocked guarding must be installed
to prevent any person entering the workcell while arm power is ON.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
27
Chapter 2 - Safety
DANGER: The Adept-supplied system components
provide a Category 3 E-Stop control system as defined by
EN 954. The robot system must be installed with
user-supplied interlock barriers. The interlocked barrier
must open the E-Stop circuit in the event of personnel
attempting to enter the workcell when Arm Power is
enabled, except for teaching in Manual mode. Failure to
install suitable guarding or interlocks could result in
injury or death.
The E-Stop circuit is Dual Channel (redundant, diverse, and control reliable).
See Figure 7-6 on page 87 for an E-Stop internal circuit diagram.
Slow Speed Control Function and Testing
Adept robots can be controlled manually when the operating mode key switch is in the
MANUAL position and the High Power light on the front panel is illuminated. When
Manual mode is selected, motion can only be initiated from the pendant. Per EN 775/ISO
10218, the maximum speed of the robot is limited to 250 mm per second (10 ips) in Manual
mode. It is important to remember that the robot speed is not limited when the robot is in
Automatic (AUTO) mode.
The Risk Assessment for teaching this product depends on the application. In many
applications, the programmer will need to enter the robot workcell while Arm Power is
enabled to teach the robot. Other applications can be designed so that the programmer
does not have to enter the work envelope while Arm Power is ON. Examples of
alternative methods of programming include:
1. Programming from outside the safety barrier.
2. Programming with Arm Power OFF.
3. Copying a program from another (master) robot.
4. Off-line or CAD programming.
Control System Behavior Category
The following paragraphs relate to the requirements of European (EU/EEA) directives for
Machinery, Electric Safety, and Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC).
In situations with low exposure consideration factors, European Standard EN 1050
specifies use of a Category 1 Control System per EN 954. EN 954 defines a Category 1
Control System as one that employs Category B components designed to withstand
environmental influences, such as voltage, current, temperature, EMI, and well-tried
safety principles. The standard control system described in this guide employs hardware
components in its safety system that meet or exceed the requirements of the EU Machinery
Directive and Low Voltage Directive.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Intended Use of the Robots
The standard control system is fully hardened to all EMI influences per the EU EMC
Directive and meets all functional requirements of ISO 10218 (EN 775) Manipulating Robots
Safety. In addition, a software-based reduced speed mode has been incorporated to limit
speed and impact forces on the operator and production tooling when the robot is
operated in Manual Mode.
The standard control system meets or exceeds the requirements imposed by the EN 954
specified Category 1 level of safety.
2.5
Intended Use of the Robots
The installation and use of Adept products must comply with all safety instructions and
warnings in this manual. Installation and use must also comply with all applicable local
and national requirements and safety standards (see Section 2.8 on page 31).
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is intended for use in parts assembly and material
handling for payloads of less than 6.0 kg (4.4 lb).
The Adept Quattro s650H robot and the Adept SmartController are component
subassemblies of a complete industrial automation system. The controller must be
installed inside a suitable enclosure. The controller must not come into contact with
liquids.
The Adept equipment is not intended for use in any of the following situations:
• In hazardous (explosive) atmospheres
• In mobile, portable, marine, or aircraft systems
• In life-support systems
• In residential installations
• In situations where the Adept equipment will be subject to extremes of heat or
humidity. See Table 3-1 on page 37 for allowable temperature and humidity
ranges.
WARNING: The instructions for installation, operation,
and maintenance given in this manual must be strictly
observed.
Non-intended use of an Adept Quattro s650H robot can:
• Cause injury to personnel
• Damage the robot or other equipment
• Reduce system reliability and performance
All persons that install, commission, operate, or maintain the robot must:
• Have the necessary qualifications
• Read and follow exactly the instructions in this manual
If there is any doubt concerning the application, ask Adept to determine if it is an
intended use or not.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
29
Chapter 2 - Safety
2.6
Robot Modifications
It is sometimes necessary to modify the robot in order to successfully integrate it into a
workcell. Unfortunately, many seemingly simple modifications can either cause a robot
failure or reduce the robot’s performance, reliability, or lifetime. The following
information is provided as a guideline to modifications.
WARNING: For safety reasons, it is prohibited to make
certain modifications to Adept robots.
Acceptable Modifications
In general, the following robot modifications will not cause problems, but may affect
robot performance:
• Attaching utility boxes, solenoid packs, vacuum pumps, cameras, lighting, etc., to
the robot base.
• Attaching hoses, pneumatic lines, or cables to the robot. These should be designed
so they do not restrict arm motion or cause robot motion errors.
• Attaching user tooling to the platform.
NOTE: Due to the kinematics of parallel robots, user cabling and tooling
can have a significant effect on robot performance, and must be
considered as part of the 6 kg payload rating of the Adept Quattro s650H
robot. Significant consideration should be placed on symmetrically
loading the platform, and not overloading one arm with respect to the
others.
Unacceptable Modifications
The following modifications may damage the robot, reduce system safety and reliability,
or shorten the life of the robot.
CAUTION: Making any of the modifications listed below
will void the warranty of any components that Adept
determines were damaged due to the modification. You
must contact Adept Customer Service if you are
considering any of the following modifications.
• Modifying any of the robot harnesses or robot-to-controller cables.
• Modifying any robot access covers or drive system components.
• Modifying, including drilling or cutting, any robot casting.
• Modifying any robot electrical component or printed-circuit board.
• Modifications that compromise EMC performance, including shielding.
30
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Transport
2.7
Transport
Always use adequate equipment to transport and lift Adept products. See Chapter 3 for
more information on transporting, lifting, and installing.
WARNING: Never get under the robot while it is being lifted or
transported.
2.8
Safety Requirements for Additional Equipment
Additional equipment used with the Adept Quattro s650H robot (grippers, conveyor
belts, etc.) must not reduce the workcell safeguards.
All emergency stop switches must always be accessible.
If the robot is to be used in an EU or EEA member country, all components in the robot
workcell must comply with the safety requirements in the European Machine Directive
89/392/EEC (and subsequent amendments) and related harmonized European,
international, and national standards. For robot systems, these include: EN 775/ISO
10218, sections 5,6; EN 292-2; and EN 60204. For safety fences, see EN 294.
In other countries, Adept strongly recommends, in addition to complying with the
applicable local and national regulations, that a similar level of safety be attained.
In the USA, applicable standards include ANSI/RIA R15.06 and ANSI/UL 1740.
In Canada, applicable standards include CAN/CSA Z434.
2.9
Sound Emissions
The sound emission level of the Adept Quattro s650H robot depends on the speed and
payload. The maximum value is under 90 dB. (This is at maximum AUTO-mode speed.)
WARNING: Acoustic emission from this robot may
approach 90 dB (A) under worst-case conditions. Typical
values will be lower, depending on payload, speed,
acceleration, and mounting. Appropriate safety measures
should be taken, such as ear protection and display of a
warning sign.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
31
Chapter 2 - Safety
2.10 Thermal Hazard
WARNING: You can burn yourself on some surfaces of the
robot. Do not touch the robot casting shortly after the
robot has been running at high ambient temperatures
(40° C/104° F) or at fast cycle times (over 60 cycles per
minute). The robot skin/surface temperature can exceed
60° C (140° F).
2.11 Working Areas
Adept robots have a Manual and an Automatic (AUTO) operating mode. While in
Automatic Mode, personnel are not allowed in the workcell.
In Manual Mode, operators with additional safety equipment (see Section 2.13 on page 33)
are allowed to work in the robot workcell. For safety reasons the operator should,
whenever possible, stay outside of the robot work envelope to prevent injury. The
maximum speed and power of the robot is reduced, but it could still cause injury to the
operator.
Before performing maintenance in the work envelope of the robot, high power must be
switched OFF and the power supply of the robot must be disconnected. After these
precautions, a skilled person is allowed to maintain the robot. See Section 2.12 for the
specifications of personnel qualifications.
WARNING: Never remove any safeguarding and never
make changes in the system that will decommission a
safeguard.
2.12 Qualification of Personnel
This manual assumes that all personnel have attended an Adept training course and have
a working knowledge of the system. You must provide the necessary additional training
for all personnel who will be working with the system.
As noted in this manual, certain procedures should be performed only by skilled or
instructed persons. For a description of the level of qualification, Adept uses the standard
terms:
• Skilled persons have technical knowledge or sufficient experience to enable them
to avoid the dangers, electrical and/or mechanical.
• Instructed persons are adequately advised or supervised by skilled persons to
enable them to avoid the dangers, electrical and/or mechanical.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Safety Equipment for Operators
All personnel must observe good safety practices during the installation, operation, and
testing of all electrically powered equipment. To avoid injury or damage to equipment,
always remove power by disconnecting the AC power from the source before attempting
any repair or upgrade activity. Use appropriate lockout procedures to reduce the risk of
power being restored by another person while you are working on the system.
DANGER: Any person who programs, teaches, operates,
maintains or repairs the robot system must be trained and
demonstrate the competence to safely perform the
assigned task.
You must get confirmation from every entrusted person
before they start working with the robot that the person:
1. Has received this manual
2. Has read this manual
3. Understands this manual
4. Will work in the manner specified by this manual
2.13 Safety Equipment for Operators
Adept advises operators to wear extra safety equipment in the workcell. For safety
reasons operators must wear the following when they are in the robot workcell.
• Safety glasses
• Protective headgear (hard hat)
• Safety shoes
Install warning signs around the workcell to ensure that anyone working around the
robot system knows they must wear safety equipment.
2.14 Protection Against Unauthorized Operation
The system must be protected against unauthorized use. Restrict access to the keyboard
and the pendant by locking them in a cabinet or use another adequate method to prevent
access to them.
2.15 Safety Aspects While Performing Maintenance
Only skilled persons with the necessary knowledge about the safety and operating
equipment are allowed to maintain the robot and controller.
WARNING: During maintenance and repair, the power to
the robot and controller must be turned off. Unauthorized
third parties must be prevented, through the use of
lockout measures, from turning on power.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
33
Chapter 2 - Safety
2.16 Risks Due to Incorrect Installation or Operation
Take precautions to ensure that the following situations do not occur:
• Purposely defeating any aspect of the safety E-Stop system
• Improper installation or programming of the robot system
• Use of cables other than those supplied, or use of modified components in the
system
• Defeating an interlock so that an operator can enter the workcell with high power
On
2.17 What to Do in an Emergency
Press any E-Stop button (a red push-button on a yellow background/field) and then
follow the internal procedures of your company or organization for an emergency
situation. If a fire occurs, use CO2 to extinguish the fire.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Robot Installation
3.1
3
Transport and Storage
This equipment must be shipped and stored in a temperature-controlled environment,
within the range –25° to +55° C (-13° to 131° F). The recommended humidity range is 5 to
90 percent, non-condensing. It should be shipped and stored in the Adept-supplied crate,
which is designed to prevent damage from normal shock and vibration. You should
protect the crate from excessive shock and vibration.
Use a forklift, pallet jack, or similar device to transport and store the packaged equipment.
The robot must always be stored and shipped in an upright position in a clean, dry area
that is free from condensation. Do not lay the crate on its side or any other non-upright
position. This could damage the robot.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot weighs 111 kg (245 lb) with no options installed.
3.2
Unpacking and Inspecting the Adept Equipment
Before Unpacking
Carefully inspect all shipping crates for evidence of damage during transit. Pay special
attention to tilt and shock indication labels on the exteriors of the containers. If any
damage is indicated, request that the carrier’s agent be present at the time the container is
unpacked.
Unpacking
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is shipped in a crate that holds the robot base, outer arms,
platform, controller, miscellaneous hardware, and any accessories ordered. The crate will
be combined wood and cardboard.
The top of the crate should be removed first.
• Remove the bands holding the top to the rest of the crate.
Refer to Figure 3-1.
The outer arms will be above the robot base. These should be removed from the crate,
followed by the cardboard and foam that support them.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
35
Chapter 3 - Robot Installation
Figure 3-1. Quattro Shipping Crate
The robot base is shipped with the inner arms attached. The outer arms are shipped
assembled in pairs; the platform is shipped fully assembled, but separate from the robot
base and outer arms.
The robot base is held by lag bolts to the crate sides. Under the robot base, the ancillary
items will be attached to the crate bottom.
• Lift off the cardboard sides.
Refer to the following figure.
Figure 3-2. Crate with Front Panel/Sides Removed
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Repacking for Relocation
Upon Unpacking
Before signing the carrier’s delivery sheet, compare the actual items received (not just the
packing slip) with your equipment purchase order. Verify that all items are present and
that the shipment is correct and free of visible damage.
• If the items received do not match the packing slip, or are damaged, do not sign
the receipt. Contact Adept as soon as possible (see Section 1.4 on page 21).
• If the items received do not match your order, please contact Adept immediately.
Retain all containers and packaging materials. These items may be necessary to settle
claims or, at a later date, to relocate the equipment.
3.3
Repacking for Relocation
If the robot or other equipment needs to be relocated, reverse the steps in the installation
procedures that follow in this chapter. Reuse all original packing containers and materials
and follow all safety notes used for installation. Improper packaging for shipment will
void your warranty.
CAUTION: The robot must always be shipped in an
upright orientation.
3.4
Environmental and Facility Requirements
The Adept Quattro s650H robot system installation must meet the operating environment
requirements shown in the following table.
Table 3-1. Robot System Operating Environment Requirements
Ambient temperature
1 to 40° C (34 to 104° F)
Humidity
34 to 90%, noncondensing
Altitude
up to 2000 m (6500 ft)
Pollution degree
2 (IEC 1131-2/EN 61131-2)
Protection class: robot base, arms
IP-66 (with optional cable sealing kit)
Protection class: platform
IP-67
Note: See “Dimension Drawings” on page 83 for robot dimensions.
Note: See “Connecting 24 VDC Power to Robot” on page 54 and “Connecting 200-240 VAC
Power to Robot” on page 57 for power requirements.
Note: The Adept SmartController must be installed inside a NEMA-1 rated enclosure. The
controller must not come into contact with liquids.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
37
Chapter 3 - Robot Installation
3.5
Mounting Frame
Overview
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is designed to be mounted above the work area
suspended on a user-supplied frame. The frame must be adequately stiff to hold the robot
rigidly in place while the robot platform moves around the workspace.
While Adept does not offer robot frames for purchase, and the frame design is the
responsibility of the user, we provide here some general guidelines as a service to our
users. Adept makes no representation or warranty with respect to these guidelines, or the
rigidity and longevity of the structure designed and built by the user or for the user by a
third party using these guidelines. In addition, when the robot is mounted on the
structure based on these guidelines, Adept does not guarantee that the robot will perform
to the specifications given in this product documentation, due to user’s frame or user’s
production environmental factors.
As an example, a sample frame design is presented and discussed. For generalized
application performance, frames built to the specifications of this sample should
experience no degradation in robot performance due to frame motions. Applications
requiring higher than 6 kg * 10 g forces across the belt and/or 6 kg * 3 g along the belt may
require a stiffer frame design.
SEE DETAIL 2
SEE DETAIL 1
1800.0
2000.0
SEE DETAIL 1
A 4x
2000.0
B 2x
A 4x
C 20x
A 4x
MATERIAL SIZING:
A.
B.
C.
150mm X 150mm X 6mm SQUARE STRUCTURAL TUBING
120mm X 120mm X 10mm SQUARE STRUCTURAL TUBING
250mm X 250mm X 15mm TRIANGULAR GUSSET
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:
* DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
MATERIAL : 300 SERIES STAINLESS STEEL
Figure 3-3. Sample Quattro Mounting Frame
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Mounting Frame
NOTE: More specifications for the sample frame are provided in
Section 7.6.
Any robot’s ability to settle to a fixed point in space is governed by the forces, masses, and
accelerations of the robot. Since “every action has an equal and opposite reaction”, these
forces are transmitted to the robot frame and cause the frame and base of the robot to
move and possibly vibrate in space. As the robot system works to position the tool flange
relative to the base of the robot, any frame or base motion will be “unobservable” to the
robot system, and will be transmitted to the tool flange. This transmitted base motion will
result in inertial movement of the tool flange mass, and will cause disturbance forces to be
introduced into the robot control system. These disturbance forces cause “work” to be
done by the robot servo control system which may result in longer settling times for robot
operations.
It is important to note that, even after the system reports the robot to be fully settled, the
tool flange will still be moving by any amount of motion that the suspended base of the
robot may be experiencing.
Frame Orientation
The sample robot frame design is stiffer in one direction than the other. This is to
accommodate conveyor belt applications where the robot is moving with much more
acceleration across a conveyor belt than along it. The conveyor should generally be
aligned so that the belt travel is along the robot World Y-axis, and the mid-height frame
members cross the belt at a 90° angle. The across-the-belt dimension of the frame should
be minimized to get the best performance of the robot in that direction. While this frame
design assumes a 1.8 m across-the-belt frame dimension, a 1.5 m dimension would offer
increased stiffness and possibly increased robot performance at high accelerations and
payloads. The mid-height horizontal members are important to the frame stiffness, and
should be located as close to the belt as possible.
For applications requiring high accelerations along the direction of belt travel,
consideration should be given to strengthening the frame in that direction.
Frame Construction
Typically, the frame is constructed of welded steel members. Hygiene-sensitive
applications may call for stainless steel fabrication, with care taken to seal up all possible
voids and grind smooth all weld joints. For other applications, it may be suitable to
manufacture the frame of carbon steel and paint the resulting assembly. The frame design
presented here is based on a stainless steel construction using 10 mm thick members. It
may be reasonable to use a reduced thickness for carbon steel assemblies. Some customers
may choose to use tubular members, or turn horizontal members at 45° angles to facilitate
water runoff from the flat frame surfaces.
Robot-to-Frame Considerations
The Quattro has a moderately-complex mounting requirement due to the nature of the
parallel-arm kinematics and the need to minimize the robot size and mass. Figure 7-5 on
page 86 shows the inner arm travel and how it may encroach on the robot mounting
points. The design suggested here uses transition pieces to allow for butt welds and
mating interfaces where there will be no protruding surfaces to collect contamination.
This mounting design results in a natural frequency of about 90 Hz for just the robot
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
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Chapter 3 - Robot Installation
mounting members, but not the entire frame assembly. Alternate designs should consider
90 Hz as a goal for this part of the frame. Note that this design allows for lengthening the
frame in the direction along the belt travel without significantly changing the natural
frequency.
The robot mounts in four locations, as detailed in the drawings. The holes are tapped for
an M16x2.0 bolt. The Adept Quattro s650H robot may be mounted from the top or bottom
of the frame. A crane or forklift should be used to position the robot. If lifted from above,
the robot must be lifted by user-supplied eyebolts and slings.
Figure 7-1 on page 83 shows the mounting hole pattern for the Adept Quattro s650H robot.
Note the hole location and mounting pad tolerances for position and flatness (Figure 7-8
on page 92).
Deviation from this flatness specification will, over time, cause a possible loss of robot
calibration.
NOTE: Adept suggests welding the robot mounting tabs as a last step in
the frame fabrication, using a flat surface as a datum surface during the
tack welding operation.
Gussets
The triangular gussets are an integral part of the frame stiffness. The vibrational strength
of a structural assembly is strongly governed by controlling the shear forces between
members. The 250 mm gussets, shown in Figure 3-3 on page 38, are nominally sufficient
for transferring the load from the vertical members into the horizontal cross pieces.
Preferably, gussets should be placed at the edges of the frame members to transfer the
loading into the walls of the members, instead of the faces, and enable easier cleaning.
Some frame designs may benefit from extending these gussets to 500 mm in the vertical
direction, as the design intent of the gussets is mainly to secure the long vertical members
from rotating out of position. For this reason, the gussets to the across-the-belt horizontal
member should be at the bottom of the member, as shown in Figure 3-3 on page 38, and as
close to the vertical midplane of the frame as feasible (15 mm thickness is adequate for
most situations).
3.6
Mounting the Robot Base
NOTE: All mounting hardware is user-supplied.
CAUTION: Remove all ancillary components (controller,
outer arms, platform, etc.) from the shipping crate before
lifting the robot base.
40
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Mounting the Robot Base
Robot Orientation
Adept recommends mounting the Adept Quattro s650H robot so that the Status Display
Panel faces away from the conveyor belt. Although the work envelope of the robot is
symmetrical, this orientation gives better access to the status display, status LED, and
Brake Release button. It also balances the arm loading for aggressive moves across the
belt.
This orientation places the robot World Y-axis along the conveyor belt, and the X-axis
across the belt.
Mounting Surfaces
Mounting surfaces for the robot flanges must be within 0.75 mm of a flat plane.
CAUTION: Failure to mount the Quattro robot within
0.75 mm of a flat plane will result in inconsistent robot
motions.
Mounting Options
Using the mounting frame design provided by Adept, there are several options for
mounting the Adept Quattro s650H robot:
• Lower the robot into the frame from above, or
Lift the robot into the frame from below.
• Place the robot mounting pads on top of the frame mounting pads, or
Place the robot mounting pads under the frame mounting pads.
• Mounting hardware can be bolts threaded directly into the robot base mounting
pads, or bolts that go through the robot base mounting pads into nuts.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to lift the robot from any points
other than with eyebolts or slings as described here, or
with a padded board, as described here.
Mounting Procedure from Above the Frame
The Adept Quattro s650H robot has four mounting pads. Each pad has one M16x2.0
threaded hole. The robot can be mounted either on top of the frame pads, using the
bottom surface of the robot base mounting pads, or to the bottom of the frame pads, using
the top surface of the robot base mounting pads.
Mounting to Top of Frame Pads
This procedure uses two user-supplied M16x2.0 eyebolts and jam nuts.
1. Remove all lag bolts from the robot base mounting pads.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
41
Chapter 3 - Robot Installation
2. Screw the M16 eyebolts into opposing robot mounting pads, so that the robot will
be balanced when lifted.
3. Lock each eyebolt with a jam nut.
4. Connect slings to the M16 eyebolts and take up any slack in the slings.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to lift the robot from any points
other than the eyebolts. Failure to comply could result in
the robot falling and causing either personnel injury or
equipment damage.
5. Lift the robot and position it directly over the mounting frame.
6. Slowly lower the robot while aligning the M16 holes in the robot mounting pads
with the holes in the frame mounting pads.
7. When the mounting pad surfaces are touching, start a bolt in each of the two
unused mounting holes. Refer to “Install Mounting Hardware” on page 44.
8. Remove the slings and M16 eyebolts.
9. Follow the instructions in “Install Mounting Hardware” on page 44.
Mounting to Bottom of Frame Pads
NOTE: Since eyebolts would be in the way of this mounting method, you
will have to use slings or other means to lift the robot base. Nylon slings
can be wrapped across the center of the robot base, away from the inner
arms. See Figure 3-4.
1. Remove all lag bolts from the mounting pads before lifting the robot base.
2. Wrap slings around the robot base. See Figure 3-4 for two methods.
NOTE: Make sure the slings do not touch the status panel or inner arms.
Slings
Slings
Figure 3-4. Location of Slings for Lifting Robot Base
3. Lift the robot and position it directly over the mounting frame.
42
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Mounting the Robot Base
4. Slowly lower the robot while rotating it slightly, so that the four mounting pads
are lowered past the frame mounting pads without touching.
5. When the robot base mounting pads are below the lower surface of the frame
mounting pads, rotate the robot base so that the M16 threaded holes in the robot
base mounting pads align with the holes in the frame mounting pads.
6. Lift the robot base up, keeping the holes in the robot base pads and the frame
pads aligned, until the top surfaces of the robot base pads are touching the bottom
surface of the frame mounting pads.
7. Follow the instructions in “Install Mounting Hardware” on page 44.
Mounting Procedure from Below the Frame
The Adept Quattro s650H robot has four mounting pads. Each pad has one M16x2.0
threaded hole. The robot can be mounted either on top of the frame pads, using the
bottom surface of the robot base pads, or to the bottom of the frame pads, using the top
surface of the robot base pads.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot can be mounted from beneath the mounting frame using
a forklift. Use a padded board as a support under the robot base. The robot base can be
rotated by hand, once mounted on the lifting pad on a forklift, when needed for clearing
obstacles.
Mounting to Bottom of Frame Pads
1. Remove all lag bolts from the mounting pads before lifting the robot base.
2. Lift the robot and position the robot directly under the mounting frame.
3. Slowly lift the robot and align the M16 holes in the robot mounting pads with the
holes in the frame mounting pads.
4. Lift the robot until the top of the robot base mounting pads are touching the
bottom of the frame mounting pads.
5. Follow the instructions in Install Mounting Hardware.
Mounting to Top of Frame Pads
1. Remove all lag bolts from the mounting pads before lifting the robot base.
2. Lift the robot so the mounting pads are directly under the mounting pads of the
frame.
3. Slowly lift the robot while rotating it slightly, so that the four mounting pads are
raised past the frame mounting pads without touching.
4. When the robot base mounting pads are above the top surface of the frame
mounting pads, rotate the robot base back, so that the M16 threaded holes in the
robot base mounting pads align with the holes in the frame mounting pads.
5. Slowly lower the robot base while aligning the M16 holes in the robot mounting
pads with the holes in the frame mounting pads.
6. Continue lowering the robot base until the bottom surface of the robot base
mounting pads are touching the top surface of the frame mounting pads.
7. Follow the instructions in Install Mounting Hardware.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
43
Chapter 3 - Robot Installation
Install Mounting Hardware
NOTE: When mounting the robot, note the following:
• The base casting of the robot is aluminum and can be dented if bumped
against a harder surface.
• Verify that the robot is mounted squarely before tightening the mounting
bolts.
• All mounting hardware is user-supplied.
1. Place split lock, then flat washers on the bolts.
Bolts are M16x2.0 if threaded into the robot base mounting tabs.
Bolts are M12 or ½ in. if going through the robot base mounting tabs into nuts.
2. Insert the bolts through the holes in the frame mounting pads and into the
threaded holes in the robot base mounting pads. See Table 3-2.
If using through-bolts, insert the bolts through the holes in both the mounting
pads and through the threaded holes in the robot base mounting pads into nuts.
3. Tighten the mounting hardware to the specifications listed in Table 3-2.
NOTE: Check the tightness of the mounting bolts one week after initial
installation, and then recheck every 6 months. See Chapter 8 for periodic
maintenance.
Table 3-2. Mounting Bolt Torque Specifications
Standard
Size
Minimum Specification
Torque
ISO Property Class 5.8
98 N•m (74 ft-lb)
Threaded into base (aluminum):
Metric
M16x2.0
Using base mounting tab hole as through-hole:
44
Metric
M12
ISO Property Class 9.8
100 N•m (75 ft-lb)
SAE
½ in.
SAE Grade 7
100 N•m (75 ft-lb)
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Attaching the Outer Arms and Platform
3.7
Attaching the Outer Arms and Platform
Cable Cover
(IP-66 option)
AIB
Base
Mounting
Pads
Inner
Arms
Motor
Cover
Outer
Arms
Ball Joints
(springs not
shown)
Platform
(springs not
shown)
Figure 3-5. Major Robot Components, Top View
The Adept Quattro s650H robot platform is attached to the inner arms by the outer arms.
NOTE: Except for attaching the outer arms and end-effector tooling, the
platform is shipped fully assembled.
Clocking the Platform to the Base
The rotational alignment (clocking) of the platform to the base is critical to the correct
operation of the Adept Quattro s650H robot.
CAUTION: Incorrect clocking of the platform will result in
incorrect robot performance.
• The ends of the platform cross-pieces (between each pair of ball studs) are labeled
with matching designators (1 - 4).
• In addition, +X and +Y World Coordinates are labeled on the platform near the
flange. See Figure 3-6.
• When installing the platform, the numbers between the platform ball studs must
match the numbers on the underside of the robot base.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
45
Chapter 3 - Robot Installation
Figure 3-6. Platform Orientation Labeling
NOTE: The labeling on both platforms is the same except for the part
number.
Attaching the Outer Arms
One pair of outer arms attaches between each inner arm and the platform. No tools are
needed.
• The outer arms have a ball joint socket at each end.
CAUTION: Ensure that the bearing insert is in place in the end of each
outer arm. If an insert has fallen out of the arm, simply press it into the
arm end.
• The inner arms and the platform have mating pairs of ball studs.
• Outer arm pairs are shipped assembled. Each pair has two springs at either
end.
• The procedure for attaching outer arms is the same for all platforms.
46
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Attaching the Outer Arms and Platform
Figure 3-7. Inner Arm Ball Studs
Spring Post
Ball Joint Socket
Ball Joint Socket Insert
Spring
Bushing
Inner Arm
Outer
Outer
Arms
Arm
Springs
Ball Joint Stud
Figure 3-8. Ball Joint Assembly
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
47
Chapter 3 - Robot Installation
WARNING: Pinch hazard. Ball joints are spring-loaded. Be
careful not to pinch your fingers.
Figure 3-9. Installing Ball Joints
CAUTION: Do not overstretch the outer arm springs.
Separate the ball joint sockets only enough to fit them over
the ball studs.
NOTE: In the following steps, take care not to trap debris between the
balls and their sockets.
1. Attach one pair of outer arms to each inner arm.
a. As illustrated in Figure 3-9, the outer arm assembly is most easily achieved
by pivoting the two arms away from each other lengthwise. This requires the
least stretching of the spring to attach the ball joints.
b. Slip one ball joint socket over the corresponding ball.
c. Swing the bottom end of the outer arm pair sideways as you slip the other
ball joint socket over the corresponding ball.
2. Attach one pair of outer arms to each of the four pairs of ball studs on the
platform.
NOTE: Ensure that the numbers on the platform match the numbers on
the underside of the robot base. This will place the platform tool flange
closest to the Status Display Panel. See “Clocking the Platform to the Base”
on page 45. The platform is installed flange-down.
a. Swing the bottom end of the outer arm pair to the right, as far as possible.
b. Slip the left ball joint socket over the left ball stud. (Move the platform as
needed to do this.)
48
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Attaching the Outer Arms and Platform
c. Move the platform and outer arm pair to the left as you slip the right ball
joint socket over the corresponding ball.
CAUTION: The ends of the outer arm springs must fit
snugly around their bushings. Do not widen the gap
between the spring hook and the opposing spring shaft.
This gap should be 7.4 ± 0.5 mm (0.29 ± 0.02 in.)
Refer to the following figure.
7.4 ± 0.5 mm (0.29 ± 0.02 in.)
Figure 3-10. Spring Hook Gap Dimension
3. Ensure that all spring hooks are fully-seated in the groove of the bushing, as
shown in the following illustration:
Figure 3-11. Spring Hook in Bushing
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
49
4
System Installation
4.1
System Cable Diagram
IEEE 1394 Cable
Controller SmartServo (Port 1.1) to
Robot SmartServo (Port 1)
Adept
SmartController
Adept Quattro
s650H Robot AIB
SmartServo
HPE
LAN
SF
ES
HD
1
2
3
1.1
SW1
1 2 3 4
1.2
IEEE-1394
2.1
2.2
Device Net
Eth 10/100
BELT ENCODER
RS-232/TERM
RS-422/485
RS-232-1
RS-232-2
ON
OFF
XDIO
XSYS
XUSR
XFP
XMCP
XDC1 XDC2
24V
5A
-+
-+
Terminator
Installed
SmartController CX
*S/N 3562-XXXXX*
CAMERA
R
OK
XSYS Cable
Controller (XSYS) to
Robot (XSLV)
Ethernet to PC
User-Supplied Ground Wire
Controller (XFP) to
Front Panel (XFP)
24 VDC Power to
Controller (XDC1)
STOP
R
Front Panel
1
Controller (XMCP) to
Pendant
GND
2
SmartServo
+24V
DC INPUT
(24 VDC)
Pendant
(optional)
User-Supplied Desktop
or Laptop PC running the
Adept software environment
XSLV
AC INPUT
(200-240 VAC 1&)
XIO
XPANEL
RS-232
User-Supplied
Ground Wire on
Robot Base
24 VDC Power
to Robot
(+24 VDC Input)
User-Supplied
24 VDC Power
Supply
User-Supplied
200-240 VAC,
single-phase
Figure 4-1. System Cable Diagram
NOTE: See “Installing 24 VDC Robot Cable” on page 56 for additional
information on system grounding.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
51
Chapter 4 - System Installation
4.2
Cable Parts List
Table 4-1. Cable Parts List
4.3
Part Description
Part Number
Notes
IEEE 1394 Cable, 4.5 M
10410-10545
Standard cable supplied with system
XSYS Cable, 4.5 M
02928-000
Standard cable supplied with system
Front Panel Cable
10356-10500
Supplied with front
panel
T1/T2 Pendant Adapter Cable
05002-000
Supplied with
optional T1/T2
pendants
Power Cable Kit - contains 24 VDC
and AC power cables
04972-000
Available as option
XIO Breakout Cable, 12 inputs/
8 outputs, 5 meter
04465-000
Available as option see page 72.
Installing the SmartController
Refer to the Adept SmartController User’s Guide for complete information on installing the
Adept SmartController. This list summarizes the main steps.
1. Mount the SmartController and front panel.
2. Connect the front panel to the SmartController.
3. Connect the pendant (if purchased) to the SmartController.
4. Connect user-supplied 24 VDC power to the controller.
5. Install a user-supplied ground wire between the SmartController and ground.
6. Install the AdeptWindows PC user interface. Refer to the AdeptWindows
Installation Guide.
52
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Description of Connectors on Robot Interface Panel
4.4
Description of Connectors on Robot Interface Panel
200-240 VAC
XSLV
Ground
Point
SmartServo Port 1
SmartServo Port 2
24 VDC
Input
+24 VDC
Pin
RS-232
XIO
XPANEL
Figure 4-2. Robot Interface Panel
Connector
Connects to
Notes
24 VDC
24 VDC to the robot
User-supplied
Ground Point
Cable shield from 24 VDC cable
User-supplied
200/240 VAC
200-240 VAC, single-phase, input
power to the robot
Mating connector is provided.
XSLV
XSYS cable from the controller
XSYS connector
Supplied DB-9
SmartServo
1&2
IEEE 1394 cable from the
controller (SmartServo 1.1 or 1.2)
to the robot (SmartServo 1)
SmartServo 2 can be used to
connect to a second robot or
another 1394-based motion axis.
RS-232
Not used with Quattro robots
XPANEL
Not used with Quattro robots
XIO
User I/O signals for peripheral
devices
This connector provides 8
outputs and 12 inputs. See 5.5 on
page 67 for connector pin
allocations for inputs and outputs.
That section also contains details
on how to access these I/O
signals via V+. (DB26, high
density, female)
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
53
Chapter 4 - System Installation
4.5
Cable Connections from Robot to SmartController
1. Locate the IEEE 1394 cable (length 4.5 M) and the XSYS cable (length 4.5 M). They
are typically shipped in the cable/accessories box.
2. Plug one end of the IEEE 1394 cable into the SmartServo port 1.1 or 1.2 connector
on the SmartController, and plug the other end into the SmartServo port 1
connector on the robot interface panel. See Figure 4-1 on page 51.
NOTE: The IEEE 1394 cable MUST be in either the 1.1 or 1.2 SmartServo
port of the SmartController. Do NOT use the 2.1 or 2.2 ports.
3. Install the XSYS cable between the robot interface panel XSLV safety interlock
connector and XSYS connector on the SmartController, and tighten the latching
screws.
4.6
Connecting 24 VDC Power to Robot
Specifications for 24 VDC Robot and Controller Power
Table 4-2. 24 VDC User-Supplied Power Supply
Customer-Supplied Power Supply
24 VDC (± 10%), 150 W (6 A)
(21.6 V< Vin < 26.4 V)
Circuit Protectiona
Output must be < 300 W peak, or
8 Amp in-line fuse
Power Cabling
1.5 – 1.85 mm² (16-14 AWG)
Shield Termination
Braided shield connected to ‘-’ terminal at
both ends of cable. See Figure 4-3 on
page 56.
a
User-supplied 24 VDC power supply must incorporate overload protection to limit
peak power to less than 300 W, or an 8 A in-line fuse protection must be added to the
24 VDC power source. (In case of multiple robots on a common 24 VDC supply, each
robot must be fused individually.)
NOTE: Fuse information is located on the AIB electronics.
The requirements for the user-supplied power supply will vary depending on the
configuration of the robot and connected devices. Adept recommends a 24 VDC, 6 A
power supply to allow for startup current draw and load from connected user devices,
such as solenoids and digital I/O loads. If multiple robots are to be sourced from a
common 24 VDC power supply, increase the supply capacity by 3 A for each additional
robot.
54
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Connecting 24 VDC Power to Robot
CAUTION: Make sure you select a 24 VDC power supply
that meets the specifications in Table 4-2. Using an
underrated supply can cause system problems and
prevent your equipment from operating correctly. See
Table 4-3 for recommended power supplies.
Table 4-3. Recommended 24 VDC Power Supplies
Vendor Name
Model
Ratings
XP Power
JPM160PS24
24 VDC, 6.7 A, 160 W
Mean Well
SP-150-24
24 VDC, 6.3 A, 150 W
Astrodyne
ASM150-24
24 VDC, 6.66 A, 150 W
Details for 24 VDC Mating Connector
The 24 VDC mating connector and two pins are supplied with each system. They are
typically shipped in the cable/accessories box.
Table 4-4. 24 VDC Mating Connector Specs
Connector Details
Connector receptacle, 2 position, type:
Molex Saber, 18 A, 2-Pin
Ground
Molex P/N 44441-2002
Digi-Key P/N WM18463-ND
24 VDC
Pin Details
Molex connector crimp terminal,
female, 14-18 AWG
Molex P/N 43375-0001
Digi-Key P/N WM18493-ND
Recommended crimping tools:
Molex P/N 63811-0400
Digi-Key P/N WM9907-ND
Procedure for Creating 24 VDC Cable
NOTE: The 24 VDC cable is not supplied with the system, but is available
in the optional Power Cable kit. See Table 4-1 on page 52.
1. Locate the connector and pins shown inTable 4-4.
2. Use 14-16 AWG wire to create the 24 VDC cable. Select the wire length to safely
reach from the user-supplied 24 VDC power supply to the robot base.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
55
Chapter 4 - System Installation
NOTE: A separate 24 VDC cable is required for the SmartController. That
cable uses a different style of connector. See the Adept SmartController
User’s Guide.
3. Crimp the pins onto the wires using the crimping tool.
4. Insert the pins into the connector. Confirm that the 24 VDC and ground wires are
in the correct terminals in the plug.
5. Prepare the opposite end of the cable for connection to your user-supplied
24 VDC power supply.
Installing 24 VDC Robot Cable
1. Connect one end of the shielded 24 VDC cable to your user-supplied 24 VDC
power supply. See Figure 4-3.
• The cable shield should be connected to frame ground on the power supply.
• Do not turn on the 24 VDC power until instructed to do so in Chapter 5.
2. Plug the mating connector end of the 24 VDC cable into the 24 VDC connector on
the interface panel on the top of the robot.
3. Connect the cable shield to the ground point on the interface panel.
Adept Quattro
s650H Robot
GND
User-Supplied
Power Supply
24 VDC
–
+
Attach shield from usersupplied cable to ground
screw on Quattro s650H
Interface Panel.
Adept SmartController
+ 24 V, 6 A
–
User-Supplied Shielded
Power Cable
Attach shield from user-supplied
cable to side of controller using
star washer and M3 x 6 screw.
Frame Ground
+ 24 V, 5 A
–
Attach shield from usersupplied cables to frame
ground on power supply.
-+
User-Supplied Shielded
Power Cable
Figure 4-3. User-Supplied 24 VDC Cable
56
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Connecting 200-240 VAC Power to Robot
NOTE: To comply with EN standards, Adept recommends that DC power
be delivered over a shielded cable, with the shield connected to the return
conductors at both ends of the cable.
4.7
Connecting 200-240 VAC Power to Robot
WARNING: Appropriately-sized branch circuit protection
and lockout/tagout capability must be provided in
accordance with the National Electrical Code and any
local codes.
Ensure compliance with all local and national safety and
electrical codes for the installation and operation of the
robot system.
Specifications for AC Power
Table 4-5. Specifications for 200/240 VAC User-Supplied Power Supply
Auto-Ranging
Nominal
Voltage
Ranges
Minimum
Operating
Voltagea
Maximum
Operating
Voltage
Frequency/
Phasing
Recommended
External Circuit
Breaker,
User-Supplied
200 to 240 V
180 V
264 V
50/60 Hz
1-phase
10 Amps
a
Specifications are established at nominal line voltage. Low line voltage can affect
robot performance.
NOTE: The Adept robot system is intended to be installed as a piece of
equipment in a permanently-installed system.
NOTE: Adept products are designed for connection to
symmetrically-earthed, three-phase AC mains systems (with grounded
neutral). Connections called out as single-phase can be wired
Line-to-Neutral or Line-to-Line.
WARNING: Adept systems require an isolating
transformer for connection to mains systems that are
asymmetrical or use an isolated (impedant) neutral.
Many parts of Europe use an impedant neutral.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
57
Chapter 4 - System Installation
DANGER: AC power installation must be performed by a
skilled and instructed person - see Section 2.12 on page 32.
During installation, unauthorized third parties must be
prevented, through the use of fail-safe lockout measures,
from turning on power.
Facility Overvoltage Protection
The robot must be protected from excessive overvoltages and voltage spikes. If the
country of installation requires a CE-certified installation or compliance with IEC 1131-2,
the following information may be helpful. IEC 1131-2 requires that the installation must
ensure that Category II overvoltages (i.e., line spikes not directly due to lightning strikes)
are not exceeded. Transient overvoltages at the point of connection to the power source
shall be controlled not to exceed overvoltage Category II, i.e., not higher than the impulse
voltage corresponding to the rated voltage for the basic insulation. The user-supplied
equipment or transient suppressor shall be capable of absorbing the energy in the
transient.
In the industrial environment, non-periodic overvoltage peaks may appear on mains
power supply lines as a result of power interruptions to high-energy equipment (such as a
blown fuse on one branch in a 3-phase system). This will cause high current pulses at
relatively low voltage levels. Take the necessary steps to prevent damage to the robot
system (for example, by interposing a transformer). See IEC 1131-4 for additional
information.
AC Power Diagrams
Note: F1 is user-supplied, must be slow-blow.
L
1Ø
200–240 VAC
20 A
F1 10 A
N
E
User-Supplied
AC Power Cable
L = Line
N = Neutral
E = Earth Ground
E
N
L
Adept Quattro
s650H Robot
1Ø 200–240 VAC
Figure 4-4. Typical AC Power Installation with Single-Phase Supply
58
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Connecting 200-240 VAC Power to Robot
Note: F4 and F5 are user-supplied, must be slow-blow.
L1
200–240 VAC
F5 10 A
3Ø
200–240 VAC
L2
L3
F4 10 A
E
User-Supplied
AC Power Cable
E
L = Line 1
N = Line 2
E = Earth Ground
N
L
Adept Quattro
s650H Robot
1Ø 200–240 VAC
Figure 4-5. Single-Phase AC Power Installation from a Three-Phase AC Supply
Details for AC Mating Connector
The AC mating connector is supplied with each system. It is typically shipped in the
cable/accessories box. The plug is internally labeled for the AC power connections (L, E,
N).
Table 4-6. AC Mating Connector Details
AC Connector details
AC in-line power plug,
straight, female, screw
terminal, 10 A, 250 VAC
Qualtek P/N 709-00/00
Digi-Key P/N Q217-ND
NOTE: The AC power cable is not supplied with the system. However, it
is available in the optional Power Cable kit. See Table 4-1 on page 52.
Procedure for Creating 200-240 VAC Cable
1. Locate the AC mating connector shown in Table 4-6.
2. Open the connector by unscrewing the screw on the shell and removing the cover.
3. Loosen the two screws on the cable clamp. See Figure 4-6.
4. Use 18 AWG wire to create the AC power cable.
Select the wire length to safely reach from the user-supplied AC power source to
the robot base.
5. Strip 18 to 24 mm insulation from each of the three wires.
6. Insert the wires into the connector through the removable bushing.
7. Connect each wire to the correct terminal screw and tighten the screw firmly.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
59
Chapter 4 - System Installation
8. Tighten the screws on the cable clamp.
9. Reinstall the cover and tighten the screw to secure the connector.
10. Prepare the opposite end of the cable for connection to the facility AC power
source.
Removable
Bushing
Earth
Cable
Clamp
Line
Neutral
Figure 4-6. AC Power Mating Connector
Installing AC Power Cable to Robot
1. Connect the AC power cable to your facility AC power source. See Figure 4-4 and
Figure 4-5 on page 59. Do not turn on AC power at this time.
2. Plug the AC connector into the AC power connector on the interface panel on the
robot.
3. Secure the AC connector with the locking latch.
4.8
Grounding the Adept Quattro s650H Robot System
Proper grounding is essential for safe and reliable robot operation.
NOTE: You must ground the robot base to the frame for all installations.
• One of the base mounting pads has two small holes (in addition to the M16
mounting hole). One of these is an M8 hole, provided as a ground.
• For identification: The mounting pad opposite this mounting pad has a single slot
(in addition to the M16 mounting hole).
Robot-Mounted Equipment Grounding
DANGER: Failing to ground robot-mounted equipment or
tooling that uses hazardous voltages could lead to injury
or death of a person touching the end-effector when an
electrical fault condition exists.
60
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Installing User-Supplied Safety Equipment
If hazardous voltages are present at any user-supplied robot-mounted equipment or
tooling, you must install a ground connection for that equipment or tooling. Hazardous
voltages can be considered anything in excess of 30 VAC (42.4 VAC peak) or 60 VDC.
If there will be hazardous voltages present at the tool flange or end-effector, you must:
• Connect the robot base ground.
• Ground the end-effector to the robot base.
NOTE: A ground strap from the end-effector to the base mounting tab
must include a service loop that allows full rotation and movement of the
tool flange.
4.9
Installing User-Supplied Safety Equipment
You must install safety barriers to protect personnel from unintentional contact with the
robot. Depending on the design of the workcell, you can use safety gates, light curtains,
and emergency stop devices to create a safe environment. Read Chapter 2 in this manual
for a discussion of safety issues.
Refer to the Adept SmartController User’s Guide for information on connecting safety
equipment into the system through the XUSR connector on the SmartController. There is
a detailed section on Emergency Stop Circuits and diagrams on recommended E-Stop
configurations.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
61
System Operation
5.1
5
Robot Status Display Panel
The robot Status Display panel is located on the robot base. The Status Display and LED
blinking pattern indicate the status of the robot.
Robot Status LED
Indicator
Brake Release
Button
2-digit Status
Display
High Power to Robot
Indicator Lamp
Figure 5-1. Robot Status Display Panel
Table 5-1. Robot Status LED Definition
LED Status
2-Digit Status
Panel Display
Description
Off
No display
24 VDC not present
Off
OK
High Power Disabled
Amber, Solid
ON
High Power Enabled
Amber, Solid
Fault Code(s)
Fault, see Status Display1
Amber, Slow Blink
OK or Fault Code(s)
Selected Configuration Node1
Amber, Fast Blink
Fault Code(s)
Fault, see Status Display1
1See
Section 5.2
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
63
Chapter 5 - System Operation
5.2
Status Panel Fault Codes
The Status Display, shown in Figure 5-1, displays alpha-numeric codes that indicate the
operating status of the robot, including fault codes. Table 5-2 gives definitions of the fault
codes. These codes provide details for quickly isolating problems during troubleshooting.
The displayed fault code will continue to be displayed even after the fault is corrected or
additional faults are recorded. All displayed faults are cleared from the display, and reset
to a no-fault condition, upon successfully enabling high power to the robot, or power
cycling the 24 V supply to the robot.
Table 5-2. Status Panel Codes
Code
Meaning
Code
Meaning
OK
No Fault
H#
High Temp Encoder (Joint #)
ON
High Power ON Status
hV
High Voltage Bus Fault
MA
Manual Mode
I#
Initialization Stage (Step #)
24
24 V Supply Fault
M#
Motor Stalled (Joint #)
A#
Amp Fault (Joint #)
NV
Non-Volatile Memory
AC
AC Power Fault
P#
Power System Fault (Code #)
D#
Duty Cycle Exceeded (Joint #)
PR
Processor Overloaded
E#
Encoder Fault (Joint #)
RC
RSC Fault
ES
E-Stop
SW
Watchdog Timeout
F#
External Sensor Stop
S#
Safety System Fault (Code #)
FM
Firmware Mismatch
T#
FW
1394 Fault
Safety System Fault
(Code 10 + #)
h#
High Temp Amp (Joint #)
V#
Hard Envelope Error (Joint #)
NOTE: All joint numbers correspond to the number on the under-side of
the base.
For more information on status codes, go to the Adept Document Library on the Adept
website, and in the Procedures, FAQs, and Troubleshooting section, look for the Adept
Status Code Summary document.
5.3
Using the Brake Release Button
Brakes
The robot has a braking system which decelerates the robot in an emergency condition,
such as when the emergency stop circuit is open or a robot joint passes its softstop.
The standard braking system does not prevent you from moving the robot manually, once
the robot has stopped (and high power has been disabled).
64
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Connecting Digital I/O to the System
In addition, the motors have electromechanical brakes. The brakes are released when high
power is enabled. When high power is disabled, the brakes engage and hold the position
of the robot fixed.
Brake Release Button
Under some circumstances, you may want to manually position the platform without
enabling high power. For such instances, a Brake Release button is located on the Status
Panel (see Figure 5-1 on page 63). When system power is ON, pressing this button releases
the brakes, which allows movement of the arms and platform.
If this button is pressed while high power is ON, high power automatically shuts down.
NOTE: 24 Volt robot power must be ON to release the brakes.
CAUTION: When the Brake Release button is pressed, the
end-effector platform may drop to the bottom of its travel.
To prevent possible damage to the equipment, make sure
that the platform is supported when releasing the brake
and verify that the end-effector or other installed tooling is
clear of all obstructions.
5.4
Connecting Digital I/O to the System
You can connect digital I/O to the system in several different ways. See Table 5-3 and
Figure 5-2.
Table 5-3. Digital I/O Connection Options
Product
I/O Capacity
For more details
XIO Connector on Robot
12 inputs
8 outputs
see Section 5.5 on page 67
XDIO Connector on
SmartController
12 inputs
8 outputs
see Adept SmartController
User’s Guide
Optional sDIO Module,
connects to controller
32 inputs, 32 outputs per module;
up to four sDIO per system
see Adept SmartController
User’s Guide
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
65
Chapter 5 - System Operation
Quattro s650H Robot
sDIO #1
32 Input signals: 1033 to 1064
32 Output signals: 0033 to 0064
IEEE-1394
1.1
1.2
R
*S/N 3563-XXXXX*
X1
X3
X2
X4
XDC1 XDC2
LINK
24V
-+
OK SF
0.5A
SC-DIO
Optional
sDIO #1
-+
1
GND
XSLV
*S/N 3562-XXXXX*
2
CAMERA
R
RS-232/TERM
RS-422/485
RS-232-1
RS-232-2
SmartServo
AC INPUT
(200-240 VAC 1&)
XIO
XPANEL
RS-232
SmartController
OK
HPE
LAN
SF
ES
HD
1
2
3
1.1
SW1
1 2 3 4
IEEE-1394
2.1
2.2
Device Net
Eth 10/100
BELT ENCODER
ON
OFF
XDIO
XIO Connector
12 Input signals: 1097 to 1105
8 Output signals: 0097 to 0104
1.2
XUSR
XSYS
XFP
XMCP
XDC1 XDC2
24V
5A
-+
-+
SmartController CX
SmartServo
+24V
DC INPUT
(24 VDC)
XDIO Connector
12 Input signals: 1001 to 1012
8 Output signals: 0001 to 0008
Figure 5-2. Connecting Digital I/O to the System
Table 5-4. Default Digital I/O Signal Configuration, Single Robot System
Location
Type
Signal Range
Controller XDIO connector
Inputs
1001 - 1012
Outputs
0001 - 0008
Inputs
1033 - 1064
Outputs
0033 - 0064
Inputs
1065 - 1096
Outputs
0065 - 0096
sDIO Module 3
(recommended a)
Inputs
1201 - 1232
Outputs
0201 - 0232
sDIO Module 4
(recommended a)
Inputs
1233 - 1264
Outputs
0233 - 0264
Robot 1 XIO connector
Inputs
1097 - 1108
Outputs
0097 - 0104
sDIO Module
sDIO Module 2
a
66
For sDIO modules 3 and 4, you must configure the signals using CONFIG_C
to have the system support those modules. See the Adept SmartController
User’s Guide for additional information on that process.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Using Digital I/O on Robot XIO Connector
5.5
Using Digital I/O on Robot XIO Connector
The XIO connector on the robot interface panel offers access to digital I/O, 12 inputs and 8
outputs. These signals can be used by V+ to perform various functions in the workcell. See
Table 5-5 for the XIO signal designations.
• 12 Inputs, signals 1097 to 1108
• 8 Outputs, signals 0097 to 0104
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
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Chapter 5 - System Operation
Table 5-5. XIO Signal Designations
Pin
No.
Designation
1
GND
2
24 VDC
3
Common 1
1
4
Input 1.1
1
1097
5
Input 2.1
1
1098
6
Input 3.1
1
1099
7
Input 4.1
1
1100
8
Input 5.1
1
1101
9
Input 6.1
1
1102
10
GND
11
24 VDC
12
Common 2
2
13
Input 1.2
2
1103
14
Input 2.2
2
1104
15
Input 3.2
2
1105
16
Input 4.2
2
1106
17
Input 5.2
2
1107
18
Input 6.2
2
1108
19
Output 1
0097
20
Output 2
0098
21
Output 3
0099
22
Output 4
0100
23
Output 5
0101
24
Output 6
0102
25
Output 7
0103
26
Output 8
0104
68
Signal
Bank
V+ Signal
Number
Pin Locations
Pin 26
Pin 18
Pin 9
Pin 19
Pin 10
Pin 1
XIO 26-pin female
connector on Robot
Interface Panel
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Using Digital I/O on Robot XIO Connector
Optional I/O Products
These optional products are also available for use with digital I/O:
• XIO Breakout Cable, 5 meters long, with flying leads on user’s end. See page 72
for information. This cable is not compatible with the XIO Termination Block.
• XIO Termination Block, with terminals for user wiring, plus input and output
status LEDs. Connects to the XIO connector with 6-foot cable. See the Adept XIO
Termination Block Installation Guide for details.
XIO Input Signals
The 12 input channels are arranged in two banks of six. Each bank is electrically isolated
from the other bank and is optically isolated from the robot’s ground. The six inputs
within each bank share a common source/sink line.
The inputs are accessed through direct connection to the XIO connector (see Table 5-5 on
page 68), or through the optional XIO Termination Block. See the documentation supplied
with the Termination Block for details.
The XIO inputs cannot be used for REACTI programming, high-speed interrupts, or
vision triggers. See the V+ Language User’s Guide for information on digital I/O
programming.
XIO Input Specifications
Table 5-6. XIO Input Specifications
Operational voltage range
0 to 30 VDC
“OFF” state voltage range
0 to 3 VDC
“ON” state voltage range
10 to 30 VDC
Typical threshold voltage
Vin = 8 VDC
Operational current range
0 to 7.5 mA
“OFF” state current range
0 to 0.5 mA
“ON” state current range
2.5 to 7.5 mA
Typical threshold current
2.0 mA
Impedance (Vin/Iin)
3.9 KΩ minimum
Current at Vin = +24 VDC
Iin ≤ 6 mA
Turn-on response time (hardware)
5 µsec maximum
Software scan rate/response time
16 ms scan cycle/
32 ms max response time
Turn-off response time (hardware)
5 µsec maximum
Software scan rate/response time
16 ms scan cycle/
32 ms max response time
NOTE: The input current specifications are provided for reference.
Voltage sources are typically used to drive the inputs.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
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Chapter 5 - System Operation
Typical Input Wiring Example
Adept-Supplied Equipment
User-Supplied Equipment
Wiring
Terminal
Block
(equivalent circuit)
Signal 1097
Signal 1098
Input Bank 1
Signal 1101
Signal 1102
4
Part Present Sensor
5
Feeder Empty Sensor
6
Part Jammed Sensor
7
Sealant Ready Sensor
8
9
Bank 1 3
Common
2
+24V
GND 1
Signal 1103
Signal 1104
Input Bank 2
Signal 1105
Signal 1106
Signal 1107
Signal 1108
13
14
15
16
17
18
Bank 2 12
Common
10
GND
+24V
Bank 2 configured for
Sourcing (PNP) Inputs
XIO Connector – 26-Pin Female D-Sub
Signal 1100
Note: all Input signals
can be used for either
sinking or sourcing
configurations.
Bank 1 configured for
Sinking (NPN) Inputs
Signal 1099
Typical User
Input Signals
11
Figure 5-3. Typical User Wiring for XIO Input Signals
NOTE: The OFF state current range exceeds the leakage current of XIO
outputs. This guarantees that the inputs will not be turned on by the
leakage current from the outputs. This is useful in situations where the
outputs are looped-back to the inputs for monitoring purposes.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Using Digital I/O on Robot XIO Connector
XIO Output Signals
The eight digital outputs share a common, high side (sourcing) driver IC. The driver is
designed to supply any kind of load with one side connected to ground. It is designed for
a range of user-provided voltages, from 10 to 24 VDC, and each channel is capable of up
to 0.7 A of current. This driver has overtemperature protection, current limiting, and
shorted-load protection. In the event of an output short or other overcurrent situation, the
affected output of the driver IC turns off and back on automatically to reduce the
temperature of the IC. The driver draws power from the primary 24 VDC input to the
robot through a self-resetting polyfuse.
The outputs are accessed through a direct connection to the XIO connector (see Table 5-5
on page 68), or through the optional XIO Termination Block. See the documentation
supplied with the Termination Block for details.
XIO Output Specifications
Table 5-7. XIO Output Circuit Specifications
Parameter
Value
Power supply voltage range
See Table 4-2 on page 54.
Operational current range, per
channel
Iout ≤ 700 mA
Total Current Limitation, all channels
on
Itotal ≤ 1.0 A @ 40° C ambient Itotal ≤ 1.5 A @ 25° C ambient
ON-state resistance (Iout = 0.5 A)
Ron ≤ 0.32 Ω @ 85° C
Output leakage current
Iout ≤ 25 µA
Turn-on response time
125 µsec max., 80 µsec typical
(hardware only)
Turn-off response time
60 µsec. max., 28 µsec typical
(hardware only)
Output voltage at inductive load
turnoff (Iout = 0.5 A, Load = 1 mH)
(+V - 65) ≤ Vdemag ≤ (+V - 45)
DC short circuit current limit
0.7 A ≤ ILIM ≤ 2.5 A
Iovpk ≤ 4 A
Peak short circuit current
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
71
Chapter 5 - System Operation
Typical Output Wiring Example
Signal 0097
(equivalent
circuit)
User-Supplied Equipment
Wiring
Terminal
Block
+24 VDC
Outputs 1-8
XIO Connector – 26-Pin Female D-Sub
Adept-Supplied Equipment
Signal 0098
Signal 0099
Signal 0100
Signal 0101
Signal 0102
Signal 0103
Signal 0104
GND
GND
Typical User Loads
19
20
21
22
23
Load
Load
24
Load
25
26
1
M
L
10
N
Customer
AC Power
Supply
M
Figure 5-4. Typical User Wiring for XIO Output Signals
XIO Breakout Cable
The XIO Breakout cable is available as an option (see Figure 5-5). This cable connects to
the XIO connector on the robot, and provides flying leads for connecting input and output
signals in the workcell. The 5 M (16.4 ft) cable is Adept P/N 04465-000.
See Table 5-8 on page 73 for the wire chart on the cable.
NOTE: This cable is not compatible with the XIO Termination Block.
Figure 5-5. Optional XIO Breakout Cable
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Commissioning the System
Table 5-8. XIO Breakout Cable Wire Chart
Pin No.
Signal
Designation
Wire Color
1
GND
White
2
24 VDC
White/Black
3
Common 1
Red
4
Input 1.1
Red/Black
5
Input 2.1
Yellow
6
Input 3.1
Yellow/Black
7
Input 4.1
Green
8
Input 5.1
Green/Black
9
Input 6.1
Blue
10
GND
Blue/White
11
24 VDC
Brown
12
Common 2
Brown/White
13
Input 1.2
Orange
14
Input 2.2
Orange/Black
15
Input 3.2
Grey
16
Input 4.2
Grey/Black
17
Input 5.2
Violet
18
Input 6.2
Violet/White
19
Output 1
Pink
20
Output 2
Pink/Black
21
Output 3
Light Blue
22
Output 4
Light Blue/Black
23
Output 5
Light Green
24
Output 6
Light Green/Black
25
Output 7
White/Red
26
Output 8
White/Blue
Shell
5.6
Pin Locations
Pin 19
Pin 10
Pin 1
Pin 26
Pin 18
Pin 9
26-pin male
connector on XIO
Breakout Cable
Shield
Commissioning the System
Turning on the robot system for the first time is known as “commissioning the system.”
Follow the steps in this section to safely bring up your robot system. The tasks include:
• Verifying installation, to confirm that all tasks have been performed correctly.
• Starting up the system by turning on power for the first time.
• Verifying that all E-Stops in the system function correctly.
• Moving the robot with the pendant (if purchased), to confirm that each joint
moves correctly.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
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Chapter 5 - System Operation
Verifying Installation
Verifying that the system is correctly installed and that all safety equipment is working
correctly is an important process. Before using the robot, perform the following checks to
ensure that the robot and controller have been properly installed.
DANGER: After installing the robot, you must test it before
you use it for the first time. Failure to do this could cause
death, serious injury, or equipment damage.
Mechanical Checks
• Verify that the robot is mounted level and that all fasteners are properly installed
and tightened.
• Verify that any platform tooling is properly installed.
• Verify that the platform is clocked.
• Verify that all peripheral equipment is properly installed such that it is safe to turn
on power to the robot system.
System Cable Checks
Verify the following connections:
• Front panel connected to the SmartController
• Optional pendant connected to the SmartController, via the adapter cable, or a
loop-back dongle installed
• User-supplied 24 VDC power connected to the controller
• User-supplied ground wire installed between the SmartController and ground.
• One end of the IEEE 1394 cable installed into SmartServo port 1.1 or 1.2 on the
SmartController, and the other end installed into SmartServo port 1 on the robot
interface panel
• XSYS cable installed between the robot interface panel XSLV safety interlock
connector and XSYS connector on the SmartController, and latching screws
tightened
• User-supplied 24 VDC power connected to the robot 24 VDC connector
• User-supplied 200/240 VAC power connected to the robot 200/240 VAC
connector
User-Supplied Safety Equipment Checks
Verify that all user-supplied safety equipment and E-Stop circuits are installed correctly.
74
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Commissioning the System
System Start-up Procedure
Once the system installation has been verified, you are ready to start up the system.
1. Switch ON the 200/240 VAC power.
2. Switch ON the 24 VDC power to the robot.
3. Switch ON the 24 VDC power to the controller.
4. Connect to the controller using AdeptWindows, and boot the system from the ‘D’
default drive.
5. Wait for the system to complete the boot cycle.
Once completed, the system returns a “dot” prompt, and the following window is
displayed:
Figure 5-6. Typical Startup Screen
There should be no listed errors if the boot sequence completes successfully.
6. Disengage any E-Stops.
This can be verified by toggling the mushroom E-Stop and listening for the sound
of the relay clicking on and off.
7. Verify correct outer arm installation by holding the platform and moving it
around the work volume while pressing the Brake Release button.
NOTE: Make sure that you hold the platform prior to pressing the Brake
Release button.
The platform motion should be smooth and free from any binding.
8. Enable high power.
ENA POW <ENTER>
Press the High Power button, on the front panel, while it is blinking.
NOTE: Listen for an audible click from the brakes releasing, indicating
that the robot is servoing all motors to remain in position at all times.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
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Chapter 5 - System Operation
9. If you do not hear a click in the previous step, you must explicitly calibrate the
robot:
CAL <ENTER>
10. The system returns a “dot” (.) prompt if everything is successful, then high power
is enabled, and the status panel displays “OK.”
The system is ready for operation.
NOTE: You may receive an “exception overrun” or “obstacle detected”
error if the platform is not in the robot work envelope or is disconnected
from the robot base. If so, disable power (by typing “DIS POW” at the V+
dot prompt), release the brakes, and move the platform into the work
envelope.
Verifying E-Stop Functions
Verify that all E-Stop devices are functional (pendant, front panel, and user-supplied).
Test each mushroom button, safety gate, light curtain, etc., by enabling high power, and
then opening the safety device. The High Power push button/light on the front panel
should go out.
Verifying Robot Motions
Use the pendant (if purchased) to verify that the robot moves correctly. Refer to the Adept
T1 (or T2) Pendant User’s Guide for complete instructions on using the pendant.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is a parallel-arm robot and, as such, individual joint
motions are not allowed. If you attempt to move a joint in Joint mode, you will get an
error message:
JOINT <n> OUT OF RANGE
where <n> is the joint that you attempted to move.
NOTE: All joint numbers correspond to the number embossed on the
bottom of the base.
If one joint must be moved separately, release the brakes (while supporting the platform)
and move the joint manually.
5.7
Quattro Motions
Straight-line Motion
Joint-interpolated motion is not possible with the Adept Quattro s650H robot, because the
positions of all the joints must always be coordinated in order to maintain the connections
to the moving platform. Therefore, for the Adept Quattro s650H robot, the V+ system
automatically performs a straight-line motion when a joint-interpolated motion
instruction is encountered.
76
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Quattro Motions
Containment Obstacles
The work space of the robot is defined by an inclusion obstacle. This is done because,
unlike other robots, joint limits are not meaningful in defining the work space. The V+
version that supports the Adept Quattro s650H robot defines a cone-like shape as a
containment obstacle. This is actually the work envelope. See Figure 7-2 on page 84. Other
obstacles can be defined within this obstacle.
Tool Flange Rotation Extremes
This section addresses an ambiguity that can occur at extremes of the tool flange rotation.
Note the following exceptions:
• Quattro robots with tool flange rotation of less than 360° (e.g., 60° platforms) are
not affected.
• Manual control is not affected.
• Program-controlled motions with destinations not near the extremes of tool flange
rotation, or that start and stop on the same side (either + or -) of the center angle of
rotation of the tool flange are not affected. This means that most of the range of
tool rotation is not affected.
Since there is no robot axis directly associated with the tool flange rotation, that rotation is
specified by the roll component of the destination transformation.
The V+ system considers the center angle of rotation of the tool flange to have a roll
component of 180°. The roll component approaches 0° as the tool-rotation angle
approaches ±180°.
NOTE: The roll is -180° on one side of the center of rotation, and +180° on
the other side. See Figure 5-7 on page 78.
An ambiguity, however, exists from just beyond the extreme of tool rotation to 0.2° past
that extreme, in both rotation directions. These are considered to be the “ambiguity
zones” for tool rotation. Note that, for a tool that can rotate exactly 360°, the two
ambiguity zones touch.
If the total tool rotation is greater than 360°, the ambiguity zones shift by the amount that
the total tool rotation exceeds 360°. This means that the 185° platform has ambiguity zones
as follows:
-5° > Zone1 ≥ – 5.2°
+5° < Zone2 ≤ +5.2°
In order to address this ambiguity, the following rule has been implemented in the
motion-planning software:
When a motion destination has a tool rotation ending within an “ambiguity
zone”, the tool is permitted to rotate only in the direction of the shortest distance
from the starting position to the destination position. But if that rotation would
exceed the range of motion in that direction, the error “*Location out of range*” is
reported and the motion is not performed.
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77
Chapter 5 - System Operation
Roll = 0° (tool flange = ±180°)
“Ambiguity” zones
Roll = -5° to -5.2°
-90°
Roll = +5° to +5.2°
Negative
Roll
Positive
Roll
+90°
Roll: -180° +180°
Center of tool flange rotation
(tool flange = 0°)
Figure 5-7. 185° Platform Ambiguity Zones
As examples:
• With the roll starting at +170°, an attempt to move to roll value -5.1 causes the
system to try to rotate 175.1° (the shorter distance), through roll values 160, 150,
140, ..., 10, 0, to -5.1. However, the maximum possible rotation in that direction is
175°, so the error “*Location out of range*” results, and no motion occurs. An
initial motion to any negative roll value outside the “ambiguity zones” (and not
between the zones) will permit you to command a second, valid motion to the
desired destination. See the following figure.
Roll = 0°
“Ambiguity” zones
Roll = -5° to -5.2°
-90°
Negative
Roll
Roll = +5° to +5.2°
Move from
+170 to -5.1
is not valid
+90°
Roll = +170°
Roll: -180° +180°
Figure 5-8. Invalid Move
78
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Learning to Program the Adept Quattro Robot
• With the roll initially at +170°, a motion to roll value +5.1 causes the system to
rotate 164.9° (the shorter distance), through roll values 160, 150, 140, ..., 10 to +5.1.
See the following figure.
Roll = 0°
“Ambiguity” zones
Roll = -5° to -5.2°
-90°
Negative
Roll
Roll = +5° to +5.2°
Move from
+170 to +5.1
is valid
+90°
Roll = +170°
Roll: -180° +180°
Figure 5-9. Valid Move
As these examples demonstrate, it might or might not be possible to perform a tool
rotation to an “ambiguity zone” with a single motion instruction. In order to avoid that
uncertainty, the following approach should be used:
• If necessary, the tool must first be rotated to a position on the destination side of
the center angle of rotation of the tool flange.
• A motion to the destination can then be performed.
The two motions can be performed as one continuous-path motion, i.e., no break or stop
motion is required.
In summary, any move that attempts to end beyond the extreme of rotation possible, or
up to 0.2° past that extreme, will generate a “Location out of range” error.
5.8
Learning to Program the Adept Quattro Robot
To learn how to use and program the robot, go to the V+ Operating System User’s Guide to
find information on basic operation of the V+ Operating System. Also refer to the
Instructions for Adept Utility Programs for information on using the Adept utility programs.
For programming information, refer to the following manuals:
• V+ Language User’s Guide
• V+ Language Reference Guide
• V+ Operating System Reference Guide
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
79
Optional Equipment
Installation
6.1
6
End-Effectors
You are responsible for providing and installing any end-effector or other tooling, as well
as vacuum lines and wiring to the end-effector.
Attaching
You can attach end-effectors to the tool flange using either four M6x1.0 screws, or a ring
clamp. Hardware for both methods is supplied in the accessories kit. See Figure 7-4 on
page 85 for a dimension drawing of the tool flange.
NOTE: The combined weight of the end-effector and the payload must not
exceed 6 kg.
The screws used to attach end-effectors to the tool flange must not extend
more than 2 mm [0.079 in.] past the top of the tool flange.
Aligning
A 6 mm diameter x 12 mm dowel pin (user-supplied) fits in a hole in the tool flange and
can be used as a keying or anti-rotation device in a user-designed end-effector. See Figure
7-4 on page 85.
NOTE: The dowel pin must not extend more than 2 mm [0.079 in.] past the
top of the tool flange.
Grounding
If hazardous voltages are present at the end-effector, you must install a ground
connection to the end-effector. See “Robot-Mounted Equipment Grounding” on page 60.
Accessing Vacuum
The tool flange is threaded at both ends with 1/8 G threads. This allows you to attach a
vacuum line at the top, and attach a tool to the bottom of the flange to access the vacuum.
See the bottom drawing in Figure 7-4 on page 85.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
81
Chapter 6 - Optional Equipment Installation
6.2
Routing End-effector Lines
End-effector lines (either vacuum/air lines or electrical wires) can be routed to the
platform by:
• Attaching them to the inner and outer arms, and then to the platform.
• Routing them from the robot support frame to the outer arms.
• Routing them from the robot base directly to the platform.
If end-effector lines are attached to the outer arms to reach the end-effector, either directly
from the frame, or along the inner arms:
• Make every attempt to keep the load on the outer arms as evenly-balanced as
possible.
The added weight should be attached symmetrically about the platform center.
• Verify that the arms can be fully-extended without interference from the lines.
Ensure that there is enough line to reach the end-effector or vacuum fitting of the
flange at all platform locations.
• Verify that the platform can be fully-rotated at all positions without affecting or
being affected by the lines.
• Verify that any service loop or excess line does not hang down below the
end-effector at any platform position.
• Verify that excess line cannot become tangled in the outer arms or platform.
If end-effector lines are attached directly to the bottom of the robot base to reach the
end-effector:
• Lines attached to the robot base need some form of retraction mechanism or
service loop to take up the slack when the platform is near the robot base.
• Ensure that the lines (and retraction mechanism) do not apply significant force, in
any direction, to the platform.
• Ensure that lines going to the robot base do not block your view of the status LED.
• Ensure that lines going to the robot base do not interfere with the inner arm
movement.
User-added end-effector lines:
• Should be checked for the entire work envelope being utilized.
They must reach without being pulled, and without impeding arm or platform
movement.
• Cannot pull against the platform with significant force. Robot performance will be
affected.
• Must be considered as part of the payload, if they add weight to the platform or
outer arms.
• Are the user’s responsibility for maintenance.
They are not covered in the Maintenance section of this manual.
• Are not considered in the robot’s IP rating.
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Technical Specifications
7.1
7
Dimension Drawings
4x M16 x 2.0-6H Thru
245.4
379.2
406.6
379.2
272.9
245.4
Y+
245.4
218
379.2
351.7
379.2
245.4
Units are mm
27.5
Center of Robot
to Center of Work
Volume Offset
in the X+ direction
X+
Figure 7-1. Top Dimensions, Work Envelope, and Mounting Hole Pattern
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
83
Chapter 7 - Technical Specifications
NOTE: The 60° platform flange is 27.1 mm higher, in Z, than the previous
1:1 and 4:1 platform flanges. An optional spacer of this thickness is
available, from Adept, as P/N 02906-000.
The 185° platform is 9.78 mm higher, in Z. The optional spacer for it is
P/N 09266-000.
Z+
211.8
Z=0
714.2 (60° platform)
731.5 (185° platform)
245
255
Ø 700
Ø 1300
Units are mm
Figure 7-2. Work Envelope, Side View
84
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Dimension Drawings
C
Quick-disconnect
Clamp-ring Groove
A
4x M6 x 1.0 Helicoil
8.915
BC Ø 50
3x 90.00°
3 mm clearance
to platform
45.00°
25.0°
Ø 5.9995
+0.0127
-0
x
5.994
A
2x 45° Chamfer
30.0°
+0
2x Ø 62.992 -0.254
+0.025
Ø 41.148 -0
Ø 18 Thru
11.811
Ø 59.690
2x 45° Chamfer
R 2.540
1.499
4.140
7.366
20.599
A
Units are mm
Section A-A
Figure 7-3. Tool Flange Dimensions, 60° Platform
C
Quick-disconnect
Clamp-ring Groove
A
4x M6 x 1.0 Helicoils
8.915
BC Ø 50
3x 90.00°
25.0°
2x 45 Chamfer
45.00°
+0.0127
Ø 5.9995 -0
x
5.994
A
45.0°
+0
2x 62.992 -0.254
+0.025
Ø 41.148 -0
Ø 16 Thru
12.700
59.690
4.140
1.499
12.446
Units are mm
14.224
A
Section A-A
Figure 7-4. Tool Flange Dimensions, 185° Platform
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
85
Chapter 7 - Technical Specifications
Z+
CL
132.10
66.04
55°
50°
241.30
113.19
Z=0
171.27
17°
34
1.7
7
61
.60
66
Typical Inner Arm Travel Volume
13
7.8
9
Units are mm
0
7.1
24
58
Figure 7-5. Arm Travel Volume
86
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Adept Quattro s650H Robot Internal Connections
7.2
Adept Quattro s650H Robot Internal Connections
Quattro AIB
Internal Connections
Quattro XSLV
Panel Connections
Man
Man
Auto
Auto
Force-Guided Relay
Cyclic Check
Control Circuit
Single-Phase
AC Input
200-240 VAC
1
2
1
2
XSLV-2
XSLV-3
XSLV-6
XSLV-7
ESTOPSRC
XSLV-9
ESTOPGND
XSLV-1
HPWRREQ
XSLV-5
To XSYS on
SmartController
High Power to
Amplifiers
Force-Guided
Force-Guided
Figure 7-6. Robot Internal Connections Diagram
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87
Chapter 7 - Technical Specifications
7.3
XSLV Connector
Table 7-1. XSLV Connector Pinout
Pin #
Description
Comment
1
ESTOPGND
ESTOP System Ground
2
MAN1
ESTOP Manual Input Ch 1
3
MAN2
ESTOP Manual Input Ch 2
4
HIPWRDIS
High Power Disable
5
ESTOP_RESET
Normally Closed Check Contacts
6
AUTO1
ESTOP Auto Input Ch 1
7
AUTO2
ESTOP Auto Input Ch 2
8
N/C
9
ESTOP_SRC
Pin Location
Pin 5
Pin 9
XSLV1/2 Connector
as viewed on Cobra
ESTOP System +24 V
Mating Connector:
AMP/Tyco #747904-2, 9-pin D-Sub
AMP/Tyco #748676-1, D-Sub Cable Clamp
88
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Pin 1
Pin 6
Robot Specifications
7.4
Robot Specifications
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Table 7-2. Adept Quattro s650H Robot Specifications
Description
Specification
Reach (cylinder radius)
650 mm (25.6 in)
Payload - rated
2.0 kg (4.4 lb)
Payload - maximum
6.0 kg (13.2 lb)
Adept Cyclea
0 kg
0.3 sec
1 kg
0.36 sec
2 kg
0.37 sec
4 kg
0.41 sec
6 kg
0.43 sec
Joint Range
+124° to -52°
Soft stops
+120° to -48°
Encoder type
Absolute
Robot Brakes
24 VDC
Digital I/O Channels
12 inputs, 8 outputs
Weight (without options)
111 kg (245 lb)
Weight (in crate)
148 kg (326 lb)
Footprint
a
883 x 883 mm (34.8 x 34.8 in.)
The robot tool performs continuous path, straight-line motions 25
mm (1 in.) up, 305 mm (12 in.) over, 25 mm (1 in.) down, and back
along the same path, at 20° C ambient. Not achievable over all
paths.
Table 7-3. Adept Quattro s650H Robot Power Consumption
Averaged
Sustained
Power (W)
Sustained
RMS
Current (A)
Peak
Momentary
Power (W)
25-700-25 mm cycle
830
4.0
5080
25-305-25 mm cycle
490
2.5
4640
Long Vertical Strokes
910 max.
4.5
5390
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89
Chapter 7 - Technical Specifications
7.5
Platform Specifications
Torque and Rotation Limits
Table 7-4. Tool Torque and Rotation Limits of Platforms
60°
185°
8
2.7
Maximum Rotation
± 60°
± 185°
Hard Stop Limit
± 65°
± 195°
Platform
Maximum Torque (N·m)
Payload Inertia vs. Acceleration
To avoid excited vibrations, the following accel values are recommended for given tool
inertias.
Table 7-5. Platform Accel Values
Platform
60°
Accel Value
7.6
Degrees of Rotation (185°)
185°
Allowable Tool Inertia
(Kg-cm2)
90
180
360
Time for Complete Rotation (ms)
100
672
75
316
>447
>632
250
269
30
200
283
>400
500
134
15
141
200
283
750
90
10
115
163
231
Robot Mounting Frame
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is designed to be mounted above the work area,
suspended on a user-supplied frame. The frame must be adequately stiff to hold the robot
rigidly in place while the robot platform moves around the workspace. You can either use
the design provided or design a custom support frame. See “Mounting Frame” on page 38.
The drawings for the sample frame are provided here, starting with Figure 7-7 on page 91.
If you choose to design a custom frame, it must meet the following specifications:
Frame natural frequencies for stable robot operations:
• Wn (X direction) > 45 Hz.
• Wn (Y direction) > 31 Hz.
90
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Robot Mounting Frame
• Wn (Twist) > 45 Hz.
• Mounting surfaces for the robot flanges must be within 0.75 mm of a flat plane.
CAUTION: Failure to mount the robot within 0.75 mm of a
flat plane will result in inconsistent robot motions.
The AIB must be removable from the top of the frame, and the inner and outer arm travel
envelopes must be considered. See Figure 7-5 on page 86.
The following are drawings of a frame suitable for supporting the Adept Quattro s650H
robot. This frame allows the robot to be either lowered from above or lifted up from
underneath the frame for installation.
NOTE: This frame is designed to have the robot mounted to the underside
of the frame mounting tabs.
SEE DETAIL 2
SEE DETAIL 1
1800.0
2000.0
SEE DETAIL 1
A 4x
2000.0
B 2x
A 4x
C 20x
A 4x
MATERIAL SIZING:
A.
B.
C.
150mm X 150mm X 6mm SQUARE STRUCTURAL TUBING
120mm X 120mm X 10mm SQUARE STRUCTURAL TUBING
250mm X 250mm X 15mm TRIANGULAR GUSSET
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:
* DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
MATERIAL : 300 SERIES STAINLESS STEEL
Figure 7-7. Mounting Frame, Orthogonal View
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91
Chapter 7 - Technical Specifications
2000.0
4x
300.0
MIN
4x
0.75
TOP & BOTTOM SURFACES
OF PLATES
2000.0
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:
* DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
Figure 7-8. Mounting Frame, Side View 1
1800.0
2x
500.0
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:
* DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
Figure 7-9. Mounting Frame, Side View 2
92
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Robot Mounting Frame
DETAIL 1
B 4x
580.0
90.0
300.0
46.2°
36.4°
275.0
25.0
MIN.
180.0
100.0
150.0
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:
* DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
Figure 7-10. Mounting Frame, Detail 1
DETAIL 2
4x B
90.0
300.0
680.0
59.4°
31.0°
285.0
25.0
MIN.
175.0
100.0
150.0
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:
* DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
Figure 7-11. Mounting Frame, Detail 2
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93
Chapter 7 - Technical Specifications
2000.0
1000.0
520.0
290.0
245.41
430.0
379.18
4x
520.0
19.50
THRU
18.50
4x 45°
430.0
379.18
4x
15.5
14.0
245.41
290.0
379.18
430.0
1800.0
290.0
245.41
520.0
900.0
379.18
430.0
245.41
290.0
520.0
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED:
* DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
Figure 7-12. Mounting Frame, Top View
94
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Maintenance
8
Maintenance of user-added optional equipment is the user’s responsibility. It is not
covered in this manual.
8.1
Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Table 8-1 and Table 8-2 give a summary of the preventive maintenance procedures and
guidelines on frequency.
NOTE: The frequency of these procedures depends on the particular
system, its operating environment, and amount of usage. Use the times in
the tables as guidelines and modify the schedule as needed.
WARNING: The procedures and replacement of parts
mentioned in this section should be performed only by
skilled or instructed persons, as defined in Chapter 2.
The motor covers and the AIB on the robot are not
interlocked – turn off and disconnect power if these have
to be removed. Lockout and tagout power before
servicing.
Table 8-1. Suggested Inspection and Cleaning Schedule
Item
Suggested Estimated
Interval
Time of
Maintenance
Description
Clean Outer Arms &
Balls
1 Week
15 Min
Inspect balls and inserts for excessive
wear. Clean with wipes or water.
Clean Platform
1 Week
15 Min
Clean with wipes, air, or water.
Inspect User Cabling 1 Week
15 Min
Inspect user cabling for wear around robot
joints and possible binding on robot.
Inspect Outer Arms
3 Months
30 Min
Inspect outer arms for cracking or damage
caused by possible accidental impact of
robot. Inspect springs and bushings to look
for excessive wear.
Inspect Platform
3 Months
30 Min
Inspect platform for damage caused by
possible accidental impact of robot.
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95
Chapter 8 - Maintenance
Inspect Robot Fans
& Geardrives
3 Months
60 Min
Remove motor covers and inspect cooling
fans for operation.
Look for lubrication leaking from
geardrives.
See Section 8.4 and Section 8.5
Inspect Moving &
Water Seals
3 Months
10 Min
Inspect moving seals on inner arms as well
as static seals for water wash down
environments.
Inspect Inner Arms
6 Months
30 Min
Inspect Inner arms for cracking or damage
caused by possible accidental impact of
robot.
Check E-Stop,
enable and key
switches, and barrier
interlocks
6 months
30 Min
See Section 8.2
Check robot
mounting bolts
6 months
15 Min
See Section 8.3
Table 8-2. Suggested Part Replacement
Item
Suggested Estimated
Interval
Time of
Maintenance
Description
Motor &
Gear Assembly
5 Years
1 Hour +
Factory
Calibration
for each joint
Motor and geardrives are sold as a unit
because damage to one often results in
damage to the other. Replacement interval
is rated 5-10 years for most applications.
AIB
5 Years
1 Hour
Accumulated wear on electronics by
excessive operations or poor line voltage.
Inner Arms
5 Years
1 Hour +
Factory
Calibration
Broken by accidental impact.
Outer Arms
5 Years
15 Minutes
Broken by accidental impact. Price is per
pair with springs & inserts - or singly
without springs & inserts.
Platform
3 Years
30 Minutes
Excessive wear, gritty environment,
damage from accidental impact.
Motor & AIB Seal Kit
2 Years
3 Hours
Foam and rubberized seals may selectively
be replaced as needed due to cleaning
causing brittle seal failures. Replacement
time controlled by seal condition at time of
replacement.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Checking Safety Systems
Motor Fan
2 Years
30 Minutes
Fan lifetime is strongly affected by robot
temperatures. Aggressive moves at high
ambient temps will shorten fan lifetimes.
IP-66 Cable Seal Kit
2 Years
30 Minutes
AIB cables have IP-66 sealing kit available
as an option.
Motor Cover
Indefinite
15 Minutes
Motor covers may become damaged by
accidental impact.
Backup
Encoder Battery
5 years to
10 years
15 Minutes
Replacement battery is inserted from the
side of the robot through the Status Display
opening. See Section 8.7
Factory Calibration
Indefinite
1 Hour
Needed for full accuracy after any motor
change, inner arm breakage, or accidental
battery disconnection. Usually performed
by Adept or a trained service
representative with a tooling fixture.
Springs & Bushings
Indefinite
15 Minutes
Springs and bushings can be replaced in
case of excessive wear or unexpected
breakage. Preferred solution is to stock
and swap outer arms.
Outer Arm Inserts
Indefinite
15 Minutes
Plastic inserts can be replaced in case of
excessive wear. Preferred solution is to
stock and swap extra outer arms.
8.2
Checking Safety Systems
These tests should be done every six months.
NOTE: Operating any of the following switches or buttons must disable
high power. If any of the tests fail, repairs must be made before the robot
is put back into operation.
1. Test operation of:
• E-Stop button on front panel
• E-Stop button on pendant
• Enabling switch on pendant
• Auto/Manual switch on front panel
2. Test operation of any external (user-supplied) E-Stop buttons.
3. Test operation of barrier interlocks, etc.
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Chapter 8 - Maintenance
8.3
Checking Robot Mounting Bolts
Check the tightness of the base mounting bolts every 6 months. Refer to Table 3-2 on
page 44 for torque specifications.
8.4
Checking Robot Gear Drives
Adept Quattro s650H robots use gear drives, which use oil in their components for
lubrication. It is recommended that you periodically inspect the robot for signs of oil on
and around the gear drives.
NOTE: Check the operation of the fans while the motor covers are off.
See Section 8.5.
1. Remove all power to the robot before starting this check.
2. Wait for the motors to cool before performing this check.
WARNING: Do not remove the encoder cable connectors
from their sockets on the motors. If they are removed, the
calibration data will be lost and the robot must be
recalibrated, which requires special software and tools
3. Check for oil inside the base of the robot after removing the motor covers.
• Look through the venting slots under each motor for oil leakage.
• Feel the bottom of the motors with your finger through the venting slots.
4. Check the outside of the motors and gear drives for any signs of oil.
5. Contact Adept if you find any signs of oil in these areas.
8.5
Checking Fan Operation
The motor fans are PWM controlled. This needs to be done with 24 VDC to the robot ON
Verify that all four motor fans operate:
1. Remove all motor covers.
2. Toggle power to the AIB.
Motor fans run for about 1 minute before shutting off. (If the robot is hot, they will
continue to run.)
3. Verify that each motor fan is running.
4. Verify that the AIB fan is running.
NOTE: The AIB fan runs continuously, but its speed will vary.
5. Reinstall all motor covers.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Replacing the AIB Chassis
8.6
Replacing the AIB Chassis
This section gives instructions on how to replace the AIB chassis on an Adept Quattro
s650H robot.
CAUTION: Follow appropriate ESD procedures during the
removal/replacement steps.
Removing the AIB Chassis
1. Switch OFF the SmartController.
2. Switch OFF the 24 VDC input supply to the AIB chassis.
3. Switch OFF the 200/240 VAC input supply to the AIB chassis.
4. Disconnect the 24 VDC supply cable from the chassis +24 VDC input connector.
See Figure 5-2 on page 66 for locations of connectors.
5. Disconnect the 200/240 VAC supply cable from the chassis AC input connector.
6. Disconnect the XSLV cable from the chassis XSLV connector.
7. Disconnect the 1394 cable from the chassis SmartServo connector.
8. Disconnect any other cables, which may be connected to the chassis, such as XIO
or RS-232.
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Chapter 8 - Maintenance
9. Using a 5 mm Allen key, carefully unscrew the chassis securing screw. See the
following figure.
NOTE: The screw does not need to be completely removed in order to
remove the chassis, as this screw is captured on the chassis heat sink.
Securing Screw on AIB
Figure 8-1. Securing Screw on AIB Chassis
10. While holding the chassis heat sink, slowly and carefully lift the chassis up (see
the following figure), so that enough clearance is available to remove the chassis
from the base.
11. Lay the chassis flat (on its heat sink fins) next to the base opening.
Figure 8-2. Opening the AIB Chassis
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Replacing the AIB Chassis
12. Disconnect the white amplifier cable (motor power) from the amplifier connector
located on the chassis bracket. See the following figure.
Amplifier Connector
(motor power)
PMAI Board
J11
J27
Figure 8-3. Connectors on AIB Chassis
13. Disconnect the J11 cable from the J11 connector on the PMAI by disengaging the
securing latches.
14. Disconnect the J27 cable from the J27 connector on the PMAI by disengaging the
securing latches.
15. Using a 5 mm Allen key, disconnect and remove the ground wire from the
chassis. Keep the screw for reassembly later. See the following figure.
Ground
Wire
Figure 8-4. Ground Screw on AIB Chassis
16. Remove the chassis from the robot, and set it aside.
Tag it with the appropriate fault/error diagnosis and robot serial number
information.
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101
Chapter 8 - Maintenance
Installing a New AIB Chassis
Harness Connections
1. Carefully remove the new chassis from its packaging, check it for any signs of
damage, and remove any packing materials or debris from inside the chassis.
Verify that the AIB is Adept P/N 08500-000.
2. Carefully place the chassis, on its heat-sink fins, next to the robot.
3. Using a 5 mm Allen key, connect the ground wire to the chassis. See Figure 8-4.
The chassis is grounded to the robot base through the bare aluminum where they
meet.
4. Connect the J27 cable to the J27 connector on the PMAI and engage the securing
latches.
5. Connect the J11 cable to the J11 connector on the PMAI and engage the securing
latches.
6. Connect the white amplifier cable (motor power) to the amplifier connector
located on the chassis bracket. See Figure 8-3.
7. Insert the chassis into its mount, at the top of the base.
8. Lower the chassis into place against the mount, making sure that none of the
cables get trapped or pinched and that the chassis O-ring is not damaged during
installation.
9. Once the chassis is in place, use a 5 mm Allen key to tighten the chassis securing
screw. See Figure 8-1 on page 100.
10. If the robot will be used in the presence of chemicals that are caustic to aluminum,
follow the instructions at “Caustic Compatibility” on page 110.
External Connections
1. Connect the 200/240 VAC supply cable to the chassis AC input connector.
2. Connect the XSLV cable to the chassis XSLV connector.
3. Connect the 1394 cable to the chassis SmartServo connector.
4. Connect any other cables which may be connected to the chassis, such as XIO or
RS-232.
5. Connect the 24 VDC supply cable to the chassis +24 VDC input connector.
6. Switch ON the 200/240 VAC input supply to the chassis.
7. Switch ON the 24 VDC input supply to the chassis.
8. Switch ON the SmartController.
9. Once the system has completed booting, test the robot for proper operation.
If you have problems bringing up the robot after AIB replacement
• Verify that all system cables are fully seated and installed correctly. See Figure 4-1
on page 51.
• Remove power from the AIB, then verify that all AIB electrical connectors are fully
seated.
After checking AIB cables, restore power to the robot and reboot the controller.
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Replacing the Encoder Battery
• Check the Status Display fault code. This should be either OK or ON. See Table 5-1
and Table 5-2 on page 64.
8.7
Replacing the Encoder Battery
The data stored by the encoders is protected by a 3.6 V lithium backup battery located in
the base of the robot.
CAUTION: Replace the battery only with a 3.6 V, 8.5 Ah
lithium battery, Adept P/N 02704-000.
Battery Replacement Interval
If the robot is kept in storage and not in use, or if the robot is turned off (no 24 VDC
supply) most of the time, then the battery should be replaced every 5 years.
If the robot is turned on, with 24 VDC supplied to the robot more than half the time, then
you can increase the replacement interval to 10 years. If, for example, a robot is typically
turned off only on weekends, the battery would need to be replaced every 10 years.
Battery Replacement Procedure
1. Obtain the replacement battery.
2. Switch OFF the SmartController.
3. Switch OFF the 24 VDC input supply to the robot.
4. Switch OFF the 200/240 VAC input supply to the robot.
5. Disconnect the 24 VDC supply cable from the robot +24 VDC input connector. See
Figure 4-2 on page 53 for locations of connectors.
6. Disconnect the 200/240 VAC supply cable from the robot AC input connector.
7. Switch OFF and disconnect any other power supplies connected to the robot.
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Chapter 8 - Maintenance
8. Remove the four hex-head screws holding the Status Display panel.
See the following figure:
Figure 8-5. Status Display Panel, Showing 4 hex-head Screws
9. Remove the Status Display panel.
The battery is supported in a bracket that is attached to the back side of the Status
Display panel with stand-offs. The battery is exposed when the Status Display
panel is removed.
10. The battery bracket assembly has two connectors. Locate the unused battery
connector on the battery bracket. See the following figure:
\
Battery Cable Tie
Status
Display
Panel
In-use Battery
Connector
Diag Cable
Battery
Bracket
Unused
Battery
Connector
Figure 8-6. Battery Bracket on Status Display Panel
CAUTION: If battery power is removed from the robot,
factory calibration data may be lost, requiring robot
recalibration by Adept personnel.
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Replacing a Platform
11. Connect the new battery to the unused connector on the battery bracket, but do
not disconnect the old battery.
There is only one way to plug in the connector. See Figure 8-6.
12. Once the new battery is connected, you can disconnect and remove the old
battery.
You will need to cut the cable tie holding the battery in the bracket.
NOTE: Dispose of the battery in accordance with all local and national
environmental regulations regarding electronic components.
13. Place the new battery in the battery bracket, and secure it and the “diag” cable,
using a cable tie.
• The battery has shrink-wrap around the battery itself, its wires, and several
components. It is important that these components (which can be seen as
bumps in the shrink-wrap) face towards the ‘V’ in the battery bracket.
• Fold any excess wiring (red and black) under the battery, so that it lies
between the battery and the ‘V’ in the battery bracket.
• The “diag” cable must be cable-tied to the bracket (and battery) to relieve
strain on the Status Display connector. See Figure 8-6.
14. Reinstall the Status Display panel with four screws.
• Take care that the “diag” cable is routed away from the AIB fan inside the
robot base.
• Be careful not to hit the top of the amber lamp with the back of the battery
assembly.
8.8
Replacing a Platform
CAUTION: Do not overstretch the outer-arm springs.
Separate the ball-joint sockets only enough to fit them over
the ball studs.
Replacement
NOTE: Refer to “Attaching the Outer Arms and Platform” on page 45 for
details on installing the outer arms. Removal is the reverse of installation.
1. Remove the four pairs of outer arms from the four pairs of ball studs on the
installed platform.
2. Attach one pair of outer arms to each of the four pairs of ball studs on the new
platform.
• The platform is installed flange-down.
• Ensure that the numbers on the platform match the joint numbers on the
underside of the robot base. This places the platform tool flange closest to the
Status Display. See “Clocking the Platform to the Base” on page 45.
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
105
Chapter 8 - Maintenance
• Take care not to trap debris between the balls and their sockets.
Configuration
If the replacement platform has the same part number as the old platform, the robot does
not need to be reconfigured.
If the replacement platform has a different part number, for instance, replacing a 185°
platform with a 60° platform, the new configuration needs to be loaded using the SPEC
utility.
Two binary SPEC files are available in the SPECDATA directory on the CompactFlash
card of the Adept controller. These two files contain configuration data for the available
Adept Quattro s650H robot platforms. The robot will not operate correctly if the wrong
SPEC file is loaded. (If these files are not on your CompactFlash card, you can copy them
from your V+ system CD-ROM.)
Platform Data Files:
Platform
Tool Rotation
Assembly P/N
SPEC File
185°
±185°
09068-000
QP09068.SPC
60°
±60°
09023-000
QP09023.SPC
Load the SPEC Program
Refer to the Adept SmartMotion Developer’s Guide for a more thorough coverage of the
SPEC utility.
1. Load the utility program into system memory and start execution of the program
with the commands:
load d:\util\spec
execute 1 a.spec
2. Follow the prompts provided by the program (see the following sections).
NOTE: If you want to exit the program, you can press Ctrl+Z at any
prompt.
Load Robot Specifications from a Disk File
This function reads a specification data file that contains the specification information for
a single robot, and writes over the data in memory for the currently selected robot. After
loading the file, be sure to save the specification data to your V+ system disk.
To load a specification file:
1. To update the specification data for a robot, select the robot, if it is not already
selected. (To change the selection, use the Change robot number option on the SPEC
main menu.)
2. From the SPEC main menu, select Load robot specifications from a disk file. The
following screen is displayed (the details of NFS mounts may be different for
your system):
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Replacing a Platform
Figure 8-7. SPEC Utility Load Function
3. Enter the disk file specification for the data file you want to load (e.g.,
“\SPECDATA\QP08360.SPC”).
Components that match the current default file path can be omitted.
Save ALL specifications to system disk
After you have loaded the configuration data, you must store the new data on the V+
system disk. This menu item causes all the current configuration data to be written to the
V+ system disk.
NOTE: If the changed data is not stored on the system disk, the previous
configuration data is used the next time the robot system is booted.
CAUTION: Before you modify a V+ system disk, you should make a
backup copy of the system (with the DISKCOPY utility program).
If your Adept system controls more than one robot, this menu selection saves the data for
ALL the robots (and any external encoders).
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Chapter 8 - Maintenance
To use the Save ALL specifications to system disk option:
1. Select the Save ALL specifications to system disk option from the menu and then
press Enter. The following screen is displayed:
Figure 8-8. SPEC Save Specification Menu
2. At the prompt, press Y followed by the Enter key to initiate the process for
writing the data to the boot disk (the data will not actually be written until later in
the process).
Otherwise, press N followed by the Enter key to cancel and return to the menu.
3. Enter the drive letter at the prompt, followed by the Enter key.
You are prompted for permission to write the data to the V+ system on the
selected drive.
4. At the prompt, press Y followed by the Enter key to write the data. To cancel,
press N followed by the Enter key.
If Y is selected, the data is written to the system disk.
When complete, you can clear the SPEC program from memory with the following
commands:
kill 1
deletem a.spec
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Robot Cleaning/
Environmental
Concerns
9
This chapter applies to the Adept Quattro s650H robot, not to the Adept SmartController.
NOTE: The Adept SmartController CX must be installed inside a NEMA-1
rated enclosure.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is designed to be compatible with standard cleaning and
operational needs for the handling of raw, unpackaged meat and dairy products, as well
as less stringent requirements. These design criteria impact how the environment can
affect the robot operations, as well as how the robot can affect the cleanliness of its
operating environment.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is designed for the following operating conditions:
• IP-67 rating for the robot platform.
• IP-66 rating for the rest of the robot (with optional cable sealing kit).
• Removal and submersion of the platform and outer arms (designed for COP tank).
• 1° to 40° C (34° to 104° F) ambient temperature.
• Humidity of 5% to 90%, non-condensing.
• Mild alcohol, alkali, and chlorinated caustic agents commonly used in cleaning
operations.
The Adept Quattro s650H robot protects the operating environment in the following
ways:
• High level of surface coating adhesion prevents erosion of coating during
cleaning.
• Lubricants are contained within multiple seals.
• Ball joints and springs/bushings are designed for minimal particulate generation.
• All moving parts are designed so that small parts are encased within larger
assemblies, and are unable to contaminate the work environment.
9.1
Ambient Environment
Humidity
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is designed to operate in environments with a relative
humidity of 5% to 90%, non-condensing.
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Chapter 9 - Robot Cleaning/ Environmental Concerns
Temperature
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is designed to operate from 1° to 40° C (34° to 104° F)
ambient temperature.
At near-freezing temperatures, moderate robot motions should be used until the robot
mechanical joints warm up. Adept recommends a monitor speed of 10 or less for 10
minutes.
The robot system can sustain higher average throughput at lower ambient temperatures,
and will exhibit reduced average throughput at higher ambient temperatures.
9.2
Cleaning
Caustic Compatibility
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is designed to be compatible with moderate cleaning
agents commonly used in the cleaning of food-processing equipment. All robot
components are designed to handle daily exposure to cleaning agents. Exposure may
result in some discoloration of the materials, but no significant material removal. For
acidic environments, refer to “Acidic Operating Conditions” on page 112.
If highly caustic cleaning agents are to be used, the perimeter of the AIB should be
caulked where it meets the robot base to prevent corrosion of the aluminum at that point.
(This is not anodized, in order to maintain electrical conductivity.) See the following two
figures.
Bare aluminum,
to be protected
by caulking
Figure 9-1. AIB and Base, Showing Non-anodized Aluminum
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot Design Factors
Apply Caulk at this joint, around
entire perimeter of AIB
Figure 9-2. Joint, Between AIB and Base, to be Caulked
Water Shedding
Surfaces of the Adept Quattro s650H robot have been designed to shed water. This
increases the likelihood that contaminants or cleaning agents will drain with a hose-down
procedure.
NOTE: The top of the robot base and the amplifiers have flat areas where
it is possible for small amounts of water to pool.
Wipe-Down
Wipe-down cleaning with alcohol-impregnated disposable wipes is appropriate for
cleaning the Adept Quattro s650H robot. Most surfaces and joints have been designed
with smooth internal radii for easy cleaning.
9.3
Cleanroom Classification
The Adept Quattro s650H robot is rated for cleanroom FED STD 209E class 1000.
Please contact your Adept representative for more information.
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Chapter 9 - Robot Cleaning/ Environmental Concerns
9.4
Design Factors
Environmental and cleaning aspects are addressed by the following features in the Adept
Quattro s650H robot.
Robot Base and Components
The aluminum robot base and the removable motor covers are coated with a Nylon-based
coating, which will not flake off with repeated high-pressure washings. This coating is
resistant to caustic and chlorinated agents, has strong adherence to the metal base to resist
impact, and has a smooth finish that is easy to clean.
The gearboxes are sealed internally, and sealed externally by a lip seal that is designed to
meet IP-66 rating.
All base seal materials are designed to be compatible with caustic agents and common
industrial cleaning procedures.
CAUTION: Like most seals, it is possible to prematurely
destroy these seals by deliberate, direct, excessive
spraying of water-based agents into the sealing materials.
The motor cover seals (P/N 09016-000) allow for periodic motor and fan inspections.
Inner Arms
The inner arms are an epoxied assembly of carbon fiber tube and hard-anodized
aluminum. The assemblies are resistant to caustic cleaning agents, as well as to chipping.
The inner arms are sealed at the robot base with a rotary V-ring seal (P/N 07043-000). The
inner arms are designed to meet IP-66 rating.
Ball Joints
The ball studs are coated to resist chipping, as well as caustic agents. This coating also
provides hardness and lubricity to minimize joint wear to the plastic bushings. The
spherical plastic bushing is resistant to caustic agents. The bushings may experience some
initial wear, but generally produce few wear particulates. The material used in the
bushings is FDA-compliant. There is a pocket in the back of the bushing sphere where
optional lubrication can be applied. However, lubrication is not needed for most
applications.
Acidic Operating Conditions
The standard ball stud coating is not designed for use in highly-acidic conditions. Under
such circumstances, stainless steel ball studs are available as an option. These require the
use of an FDA-approved grease between the ball and the plastic bushing.
Contact Adept for more information.
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot Design Factors
Outer Arms
The outer arms are a composite assembly of anodized aluminum and carbon fiber. The
interior volume of the carbon fiber tube is designed to be sealed with an internal and
external continuous epoxy bond. The bushings are press-fit into the aluminum outer-arm
ends with a slight interference, which seals the plastic to the aluminum.
The outer arms may be cleaned either with caustic wash-down in place on the robot, or
removal and tank cleaning in hot soapy water.
Springs
The outer arms are attached through the positive pressure of springs that are made of
electro-polished stainless steel. This open spring design allows inspection for
contamination, as well as wash-down or soapy bath.
Platforms
The Adept Quattro s650H robot currently supports two types of platforms, depending on
the amount of Theta rotation and inertia needed.
Both platforms are designed to meet the basic criteria of wipe down compatibility and
long life. Please contact your Adept representative for more information.
9.5
Installing Cable Seal Kit
Overview
The cable seal assembly (P/N 08765-000) must be mounted on the top of the robot during
the robot installation process. The cable seal assembly is shipped separately from the
robot.
Components
• Cable harness
• AIB Cable Seal Housing, 2 gaskets, 4 screws (Figure 9-3)
• Cable Entry Top Cover assembly, screw (Figure 9-4)
This includes the Roxtec CF 8 frame
• 4 x 2-hole Roxtec modules
These are dense foam blocks surrounding pre-cut half-sleeves that can be peeled
away to match the diameter of the cable to be sealed. See Figure 9-6.
• Roxtec grease, used to assemble and seal the modules (Figure 9-7).
NOTE: The Roxtec CF 8 consists of a frame and integrated compression
unit (a wedge and bolt that compress the modules once they are
assembled inside the CF frame). See Figure 9-4.
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Chapter 9 - Robot Cleaning/ Environmental Concerns
Tasks
1. Measure and mark cables to establish service length
2. Install AIB cable seal housing
3. Adapt Roxtec modules to fit cables
4. Install cables through cable entry top cover assembly
5. Attach cables to AIB
6. Attach cable entry top cover to AIB cable seal housing
Installation Procedure
1. Measure and mark all AIB cables at 10 - 12 in. from the cable ends.
This amount of slack is needed to install the seal assembly after the connections
are made to the AIB. See Figure 9-10.
2. Install the cable seal housing on the top of the AIB using four M4 x 50 screws, four
M4 lock washers, and four M4 flat washers. Note that the centered M6-threaded
hole must be toward the center of the robot base. See the following figure, right
photograph. Ensure that the gasket is seated between the AIB surface and the
cable seal housing.
Figure 9-3. AIB Cable Seal Housing (left), Installed (right)
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot Design Factors
Compression unit
(compression wedge,
screw)
CF Frame
Cable Entry
Top Cover
Figure 9-4. Cable Entry Top Cover Assembly
Figure 9-5. Bottom of Cable Entry Top Cover, CF Frame
3. Adapt Roxtec modules to fit the cables that will be used. There should be a 0.1 to
1.0 mm gap between the halves of the modules for a proper seal. See the following
figure.
Figure 9-6. Adapting a Module to the Cable Size, Checking the Gap
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Chapter 9 - Robot Cleaning/ Environmental Concerns
4. Grease the Roxtec modules, using Roxtec grease. See the following figure.
Figure 9-7. Greasing a Roxtec Module
5. Grease the inside of the CF frame, where the modules will touch, using Roxtec
grease.
6. Install each AIB cable through its corresponding module, and insert the modules
into the frame. See the following figure.
Ensure that the terminated cable ends have 10 - 12 in. of slack. See Figure 9-10.
Figure 9-8. Installing Roxtec Modules into the Frame
7. When all of the modules are in place, tighten the compression unit to 8 - 12 N·m
(6 - 9 ft·lb). See the following two figures.
There should be no visible gaps between the modules or around the cables.
Figure 9-9. Tightening the Compression Unit
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot Design Factors
Figure 9-10. Cable Entry Assembly with Cables
8. Attach the ground lug to the AIB. The ground lug is for the cable shield of the
user-supplied 24 VDC cable. See the following figure.
Ground
Lug
Screw
Hole
Figure 9-11. Ground Lug Attachment on the AIB
9. Hand-tighten all AIB cables to the AIB.
NOTE: All cables must be screwed into the AIB.
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Chapter 9 - Robot Cleaning/ Environmental Concerns
10. Attach the cable entry top cover, with Roxtec frame and modules, to the AIB cable
seal housing.
• Slide the top cover over the seal housing lip, as shown in the following
figure.
• Ensure that the gasket between the top cover and the cable seal housing is
seated, and that all cables are contained within the top cover.
• Lower the top cover onto the seal housing, and secure with one screw.
Figure 9-12. Installing Cable Entry Top Cover Assembly
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Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Index
Numerics
1394 cable, IEEE 52–54
200-240 VAC cable, creating 59
200-240 VAC connector 53
24 VDC cable
creating 55
installing 56
24 VDC connector 53, 55
24 VDC power 54–56
circuit protection 54, 56
connecting to robot 54
making cable 55
mating connector 55
specifications 54
user-supplied cable, shielding 56
24 VDC power supplies
cautions 55
recommended 55
A
AC mating connector 59
AC power 57–60
connecting to robot 57
diagrams 58
grounding 58
installing cable 60
making cable 59
mating connector 59
specifications 57
turning on 75
acceptable modifications 30
Adept Document Library 22
Adept SmartController CX 13, 20, 37, 109
AIB (Amp-In-Base) 14
chassis replacement 99
grounding 101
installing 102
internal connectors 87, 101
removing 99
replacing 99
aligning
end-effectors 81
platform to the base 45
ambient environment 109
arms
attaching
outer 46
platform to 45
inner 15
outer 16
travel volume 86
assessment, risk 27
assistance, Customer Service 21
attaching
end-effectors 81
outer arms 46
platform 45
B
ball joints 16
assembly 47
lubrication 112
materials 112
outer arms 16
wear 112
barriers, safety 24, 61
base 14
clocking the platform 45
coating 112
mounting the robot 40
seals 112
bolts
checking robot mounting 98
specifications, mounting 44
Brake Release button 25, 64–65, 89
brakes 64
description 64, 89
releasing for manual movement 65
breakout cable, XIO 72
button, Brake Release 25, 64–65, 89
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
119
Index
C
cable
creating 200-240 VAC 59
creating 24 VDC 55
diagram for system 51
front panel 52
IEEE 1394 52–54
installing 24 VDC 56
parts list 52
power cable kit 52
routing user 82
XIO breakout 52, 72
XSYS 52, 54
cable seal
assembly installation 113
identification 113
Cautions, Dangers, Warnings, and Notes 23
CD-ROM, document library 22
chassis
installing the AIB 102
removing the AIB 99
replacing the AIB 99
checking
fan operation 98
gear drives 98
robot mounting bolts 98
circuit protection, 24 VDC power 54, 56
classification, IP 113
cleaning 110
caustic compatibility 110
springs 113
water shedding 111
wipe-down 111
cleanroom classification 111
clocking the platform to the base 45
codes, status panel fault 64
commissioning the system 73
connecting
24 VDC power 54
digital I/O 65
connector
200/240 VAC 53
24 VDC 53
internal 87
RS-232 53
SmartServo 53
XIO 53
XPANEL 53
XSLV 53, 88
construction, frame 39
control function and testing, slow speed 28
controller 13, 20, 37, 109
120
creating
200-240 VAC cable 59
24 VDC cable 55
Customer Service assistance
21
D
Dangers, Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
DC power, see 24 VDC power
declaration, manufacturer’s 21
design factors 112
diagnostics 64
diagram for system, cable 51
digital I/O
connecting 65
input specifications 69
on robot XIO connector 67
output specifications 71
signal designations 68, 73
dimensions 83, 85–86
arm travel 86
drawings 83
flange 85
frame 91–94
mounting holes 83
robot 83
tool flange 85
directives, standards and 26
display, status 63
Document Library, CD-ROM 22
dowel pin
clearance 81
end-effectors 81
drawings, dimension 83
drives, checking gear 98
E
emergency
movement without drive power
procedures 34
recovery 25
stop devices 61
emissions, sound 31
encoder battery 103
replacing 103–104
end-effector 81–82
dowel pin 81
grounding 60, 81
installation 81
routing lines to 82
environment
ambient 109
requirements 37
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25
23
Index
equipment
grounding, robot-mounted 60
installing user-supplied safety 61
safety 33
safety requirements for additional 31
error message 76
joint out of range 76
see also fault codes
F
facility
environmental 37
overvoltage protection 58
requirements 37
fan operation, check 98
fault codes, on status panel 64
flange dimensions 85
frame 38–40
construction 39
mounting 38
orientation 39
front panel cable 52
function and testing, slow speed control
28
inner arms 15
ball studs 47
materials 112
travel 39, 86
input signals, XIO 69
installation 114
24 VDC power cable to robot 54, 56
AC power cable to robot 60
AIB chassis 102
cable seal assembly 113
end-effectors 81
mounting hardware 44
overview 20
platform 45–46, 48
risks due to incorrect 34
robot 40–49
SmartController 52
user-supplied safety equipment 61
verifying 74
intended use of the robots 29
interface panel 53
internal connections 87
IP classification 113
cable seal assembly 113
G
J
gear drives, checking 98
gear ratio, platform 90
getting help 21
grounding 81
24 VDC 56
AC power 58
AIB 101
end-effector 60, 81
robot interface panel 53
robot-mounted equipment
SmartController 51, 53
gussets 40
joint movement 76
joint out of range error message
joints, ball 16
76
L
60
learning to program the robot
LED, status 63
library, Adept Document 22
list, cable parts 52
lubrication, ball joints 112
79
M
H
hardware, install mounting
hazard, thermal 32
help, getting 21
humidity 109
44
I
I/O, connecting digital 65
IEEE 1394 cable 52–54
impact and trapping points 25
incorrect installation or operation, risks 34
inertia, payload 90
injury, severity of 27
machinery safety standards 27
maintenance
safety aspects while performing
schedule, periodic 95
manuals, related 22
manufacturer’s declaration 21
materials
ball joints 112
inner arms 112
springs 113
mechanical specifications 89
message
joint out of range error 76
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
33
121
Index
modifications 30
acceptable 30
unacceptable 30
mounting
above the frame 41
below the frame 43
bolts 44, 98
bolts, checking 98
bolts, specifications 44
frame 38–40, 90
hardware, install 44
options 41
procedure 40–49
robot base 40–44
robot orientation 40
movement
joint 76
without drive power 25
N
Notes, Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions
O
operation
check fan 98
protection against unauthorized 33
operators, safety equipment 33
options, mounting 41
orientation
frame 39
robot 41
outer arms 16
attaching 46
attaching platform 45, 48
cleaning 113
installing 45–49
materials 113
overvoltage protection, facility 58
P
panel
cable, front 52
fault codes, status 64
interface 53
status 64
parts list, cable 52
payload
inertia 90
platform 90
pendant 52
performance specifications 89
periodic maintenance schedule 95
personnel, qualification 32
122
23
platform 16–19
185° 17–18
60° 17, 19
accel value 90
attaching the outer arms 45
clocking to the base 45
configuration 106
data files 106
default 16
design 113
gear ratio 90
installing outer arms 45–49
overview 16
parameters 16
payload 90
replacing 105
rotation 16, 90
specifications 90
types available 16
power
24 VDC 54–56
AC 57–60
power cable
installing AC 60
optional kit 52
precautions and required safeguards 24
programming 79
protection
against unauthorized operation 33
facility overvoltage 58
Q
qualification of personnel
32
R
recovery procedures, emergency 25
related manuals 22
release button, brake 25, 64–65, 89
relocation, repacking for 37
removing the AIB chassis 99
repacking for relocation 37
replacing
AIB chassis 99
encoder battery 103
required safeguards, precautions 24
requirements
additional equipment, safety 31
environmental 37
facility 37
risk assessment 27
risks due to incorrect installation or
operation 34
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
Index
robot
base 14
components 14, 45
description 13
dimensions 83–86
installation 35
intended uses 29
modifications 30
mounting base 40
mounting frame 90
orientation 41
specifications 89
storage 35
robot-mounted equipment, grounding 60
robot-to-frame considerations 39
rotation
inertia 90
platform 16, 90
range 90
time for 90
tool force 90
routing user cabling 82
RS-232 connector 53
S
safeguards, precautions and required 24
safety 23, 34
additional equipment 31
barriers 24, 61
during maintenance 33
equipment for operators 33
equipment, installing user-supplied 61
equipment, requirements 31
impact and trapping points 25
information, additional 25
required safeguards 24
sources for information 25
standards, machinery 27
schedule, periodic maintenance 95
seal assembly, installing cable 113
seal identification, cable 113
seals, base 112
severity of injury 27
shipping and storage 35
signals, XIO input 69
slow speed control function and testing 28
SmartController 20
CX 13, 20, 37, 109
grounding 51, 53
installation 52
SmartServo connector 53
sound emissions 31
SPEC
binary files 106
data files 106
loading 106
loading robot specifications 106
saving configuration 106
specifications
24 VDC robot and controller power 54
AC power 57
frame 90–94
mechanical 89
mounting bolt 44
platform 90
robot 89
technical 83–94
torque 44
XIO input 69
XIO output 71
speed control function and testing, slow 28
springs
cleaning 113
materials 113
standards
and directives 26
machinery safety 27
startup procedure 75
status panel 64
display 63
fault codes 64
LED 63
stop devices, emergency 61
storage 35
system
cable diagram 51
commissioning 73
connecting digital I/O 65
operating environment 37
startup procedure 75
T
temperature 110
testing, slow speed control function
thermal hazard 32
tool flange, dimensions 85
torque specifications 44
transport 31, 35
safety 31
trapping points, impact 25
travel volume 86
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
28
123
Index
U
unacceptable modifications 30
unauthorized operation, protection
against 33
unpacking 35
user cabling, routing 82
user-supplied safety equipment, installing
61
V
VAC
cable, creating 59
connector, 200/240 53
vacuum, accessing 81
VDC
cable, creating 55
connector 53
power 54–56
power to robot, connecting
robot cable, installing 56
verifying
E-Stop functions 76
installation 74
robot motions 76
vision controller 20
54
W
warning labels, location 24
Warnings, Dangers, Cautions, and Notes
working areas 32
23
X
XIO
input signals 69
termination block, description 69
XIO breakout cable 72
part number 52
wire chart 73
XIO connector
description and location 53
digital input circuit specifications 69
digital output circuit specifications 71
signal designations 67
XPANEL connector 53
XSLV connector 53, 88
XSYS cable 52, 54
124
Adept Quattro s650H Robot User’s Guide, Rev A
adept
technology, inc.
3011 Triad Drive
Livermore, CA 94551
925·245·3400
P/N: 09313-000, Rev A
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