TVS Diode Array SPA SP721 Lead Free/Green Datasheet

TVS Diode Array SPA SP721 Lead Free/Green Datasheet
TVS Diode Arrays (SPA® Diodes)
General Purpose ESD Protection - SP721 Series
SP721 Series 3pF 4kV Diode Array
RoHS
Pb GREEN
Description
The SP721 is an array of SCR/Diode bipolar structures for
ESD and over-voltage protection to sensitive input circuits.
The SP721 has 2 protection SCR/Diode device structures
per input. There are a total of 6 available inputs that can be
used to protect up to 6 external signal or bus lines. Overvoltage protection is from the IN (Pins 1 - 3 and Pins 5 - 7)
to V+ or V-.
The SCR structures are designed for fast triggering at a
threshold of one +VBE diode threshold above V+ (Pin 8) or
a -VBE diode threshold below V- (Pin 4). From an IN input,
a clamp to V+ is activated if a transient pulse causes the
input to be increased to a voltage level greater than one
VBE above V+. A similar clamp to V- is activated if a negative
pulse, one VBE less than V-, is applied to an IN input.
Standard ESD Human Body Model (HBM) Capability is:
Pinout
SP721 (PDIP, SOIC)
TOP VIEW
IN
1
8
V+
IN
2
7
IN
Features
IN
3
6
IN
• ESD Interface Capability for HBM Standards
V-
4
5
IN
- MIL STD 3015.7.................................................. 15kV
- IEC 61000-4-2, Direct Discharge,
- Single Input........................................... 4kV (Level 2)
- Two Inputs in Parallel............................. 8kV (Level 4)
- IEC 61000-4-2, Air Discharge................15kV (Level 4)
Functional Block Diagram
V+ 8
• High Peak Current Capability
3, 5-7
IN
1
IN 2
IN
- IEC 61000-4-5 (8/20µs)........................................ ±3A
- Single Pulse, 100µs Pulse Width......................... ±2A
- Single Pulse, 4µs Pulse Width............................. ±5A
• Designed to Provide Over-Voltage Protection
- Single-Ended Voltage Range to......................... +30V
- Differential Voltage Range to............................. ±15V
• Fast Switching..............................................2ns Rise Time
• Low Input Leakages.............................1nA at 25ºC Typical
V- 4
• Low Input Capacitance......................................3pF Typical
• An Array of 6 SCR/Diode Pairs
• Operating Temperature Range....................-40ºC to 105ºC
Additional Information
Datasheet
Resources
© 2013 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/20/13
Applications
Samples
• Microprocessor/Logic
Input Protection
• Analog Device Input
Protection
• Data Bus Protection
• Voltage Clamp
TVS Diode Arrays (SPA® Diodes)
General Purpose ESD Protection - SP721 Series
Thermal Information
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Continuous Supply Voltage, (V+) - (V-)
Forward Peak Current, IIN to VCC, IIN to GND
(Refer to Figure 5)
Rating
+35
Units
V
±2, 100µs
A
Parameter
Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 1)
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause
permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the device
at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this
specification is not implied.
Rating
θJA
ESD Ratings and Capability (Figure 1, Table 1)
C/W
PDIP Package
160
o
SOIC Package
170
o
Maximum Storage Temperature Range
Maximum Junction Temperature (Plastic
Package)
Maximum Lead Temperature
(Soldering 20-40s)(SOIC Lead Tips Only)
Note:
Units
oC/W
C/W
-65 to 150
o
150
o
C
260
o
C
C
Load Dump and Reverse Battery (Note 2)
1. θJA is measured with the component mounted on an evaluation PC board in free air.
Electrical Characteristics
TA = -40oC to 105oC, VIN = 0.5VCC , Unless Otherwise Specified
Parameter
Symbol
Operating Voltage Range,
Test Conditions
VSUPPLY
Min
Typ
Max
Units
-
2 to 30
-
V
VSUPPLY = [(V+) - (V-)]
Forward Voltage Drop
IN to V-
VFWDL
-
2
-
V
IN to V+
VFWDH
-
2
-
V
IIN
-20
5
+20
nA
IQUIESCENT
-
50
200
nA
Note 3
-
1.1
-
V
VFWD/IFWD; Note 3
-
1
-
Ω
Input Leakage Current
Quiescent Supply Current
IIN = 1A (Peak Pulse)
Equivalent SCR ON Threshold
Equivalent SCR ON Resistance
Input Capacitance
CIN
-
3
-
pF
Input Switching Speed
tON
-
2
-
ns
Notes:
2.In automotive and battery operated systems, the power supply lines should be externally protected for load dump and reverse battery. When the V+ and V- Pins are connected to het same
supply voltage source as the device or control line under protection, a current limiti ng resistor should be connected in series between the external supply and the SP721 supply pins to
limit reverse battery current to within the rated maximum limits. Bypass capacitors of typically 0.01µF or larger romf the V+ and V- Pins to ground are recommended.
3.Refer to the Figure 3 graph for definitions of equivalent “SCR ON Threshold” and “SCR ON Resistance”. These characteristics are given here for thumb-rule nformation to determine peak
current and dissipation under EOS conditions.
Typical Application of the SP721
(Application as an Input Clamp for Over-voltage, Greater
than 1VBE Above V+ or less than -1VBE below V-)
+VCC
+VCC
INPUT
DRIVERS
OR
SIGNAL
SOURCES
LINEAR OR
DIGITAL IC
INTERFACE
IN 1 - 3
IN 5 - 7
TO +VCC
V+
SP721
V-
SP721 INPUT PROTECTION CIRCUIT (1 OF 6 SHO WN)
FIGURE 4. TYPICAL APPLICATION OF THE SP721 AS AN INPUT CLAMP FOR OVER-VOLTAGE, GREATER THAN 1VBE ABOVE V+ OR
LESS THAN -1V BE BELOW V-
© 2013 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/20/13
TVS Diode Arrays (SPA® Diodes)
General Purpose ESD Protection - SP721 Series
ESD Capability
ESD capability is dependent on the application and defined
test standard.The evaluation results for various test
standards and methods based on Figure 1 are shown in
Table 1.
Figure 1: Electrostatic Discharge Test
CHARGE
SWITCH
20
0
0
600
600
800
800
1.5
1
0.5
1000
1200
±VD
Modified HBM
1.5kΩ 100pF
15kV
Standard HBM
1.5kΩ 100pF
6kV
HBM, Air Discharge
330Ω
150pF
15kV
HBM, Direct Discharge
330Ω
150pF
4kV
HBM, Direct Discharge,
Two Parallel Input Pins
330Ω
150pF
8kV
0kΩ
200pF
1kV
Machine Model
1200
TA = 25ºC TA = 25ºC
SINGLE PULSE
SINGLE PULSE
2
1.5
1
I FWD
EQUIV.
EQUIV. SAT.
ON SAT. ON
THRESHOLD
~ 1.1V
THRESHOLD
~ 1.1V
0.5
I FWD
V FWD
V FWD
0
0
1000
FORWARD
SCR VOLTAGE
DROP (mV)
FORWARD
SCR VOLTAGE
DROP (mV)
© 2013 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/20/13
2
FORWARD SCR CURRENT (A)
FORWARD SCR CURRENT (A)
20
CD
2.5
2.5
40
RD
Figure 3: High Current SCR Forward Voltage Drop Curve
100
TA = 25ºC TA = 25ºC
SINGLE PULSE
SINGLE PULSE
FORWARD SCR CURRENT (mA)
FORWARD SCR CURRENT (mA)
40
Type/Mode
MIL STD 3015.7
Figure 2: Low Current SCR Forward Voltage Drop Curve
60
DUT
Standard
EIAJ IC121
60
IN
Table 1: ESD Test Conditions
IEC 61000-4-2
80
CD
IEC 1000-4-2: R 1 50 to 100M
MIL-STD-3015.7: R 11 to 10M
For ESD testing of the SP721 to EIAJ IC121 Machine
Model (MM) standard, the results are typically better than
1kV from 200pF with no series resistance.
80
DISCHARGE
SWITCH
H.V.
SUPPLY
VD
The HBM capability to the IEC 61000-4-2 standard is
greater than 15kV for air discharge (Level 4) and greater
than 4kV for direct discharge (Level 2).Dual pin capability (2
adjacent pins in parallel) is well in excess of 8kV (Level 4).
100
RD
R1
For the “Modified”MIL-STD-3015.7 condition that is defined
as an “in-circuit” method of ESD testing, the V+ and V- pins
have a return path to ground and the SP721 ESD capability
is typically greater than 15kV from 100pF through 1.5kΩ.By
strict definition of MIL-STD-3015.7 using “pin-to-pin”device
testing, the ESD voltage capability is greater than 6kV.The
MIL-STD-3015.7 results were determined from AT&T ESD
Test Lab measurements.
0
0
1
1
2
2
FORWARD
SCT VOLTAGE
FORWARD
SCT VOLTAGE
DROP (V)DROP (V)
3
3
TVS Diode Arrays (SPA® Diodes)
General Purpose ESD Protection - SP721 Series
Peak Transient Current Capability of the SP721
The peak transient current capability rises sharply as the
width of the current pulse narrows. Destructive testing
was done to fully evaluate the SP721’s ability to withstand
a wide range of peak current pulses vs time. The circuit
used to generate current pulses is shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4: T
ypical SP721 Peak Current Test Circuit
with a Variable Pulse Width Input
+
VX
-
The test circuit of Figure 4 is shown with a positive pulse
input. For a negative pulse input, the (-) current pulse input
goes to an SP721 ‘IN’ input pin and the (+) current pulse
input goes to the SP721 V- pin. The V+ to V- supply of the
SP721 must be allowed to float. (i.e., It is not tied to the
ground reference of the current pulse generator.) Figure
5 shows the point of overstress as defined by increased
leakage in excess of the data sheet published limits.
Note that adjacent input pins of the SP721 may be
paralleled to improve current (and ESD) capability. The
sustained peak current capability is increased to nearly
twice that of a single pin.
CURRENT
SENSE
(-)
(+)
1 IN
2 IN
VOLTAGE
PROBE
V+ 8
IN
7
3 IN
IN
6
4
IN
5
SP721
V-
+
C1
-
R 1 ~ 10 TYPICAL
VX ADJ. 10V/ATYPICAL
C1 ~ 100 µF
Figure 5: FIGURE
S
P721
Single
Peak Current
Pulse
5. Typical
TYPICAL SP721
PEAK CURRENT
TEST CIRCUIT
WITH A VARIABLE PULSE WIDTH INPUT
Capability
howing the Measured Point of Overstress in Amperes vs
S
pulse width time in milliseconds
7
6
PEAK CURRENT (A)
The maximum peak input current capability is dependent
on the ambient temperature, improving as the temperature
is reduced. Peak current curves are shown for ambient
temperatures of 25ºC and 105ºC and a 15V power supply
condition. The safe operating range of the transient peak
current should be limited to no more than 75% of the
measured overstress level for any given pulse width as
shown in the curves of Figure 5.
VARIABLE TIME DURATION
CURRENT PULSE GENERA TOR
R1
5
TA = 25°C
4
CAUTION: SAFE OPERATING CONDITIONS LIMIT
THE MAXIMUM PEAK CURRENT FOR A GIVEN
PULSE WIDTH TO BE NO GREATER THAN 75%
OF THE VALUES SHOWN ON EACH CURVE.
V+ TO V-SUPPLY = 15V
TA = 105°C
3
2
1
0
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
PULSE WIDTH TIME (ms)
© 2013 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/20/13
TVS Diode Arrays (SPA® Diodes)
General Purpose ESD Protection - SP721 Series
Soldering Parameters
Pb – Free assembly
Pre Heat
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))
150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))
200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 180 secs
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus) Temp
(TL) to peak
5°C/second max
TS(max) to TL - Ramp-up Rate
5°C/second max
Reflow
- Temperature (TL) (Liquidus)
217°C
- Temperature (tL)
60 – 150 seconds
260+0/-5 °C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)
20 – 40 seconds
Ramp-down Rate
5°C/second max
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)
8 minutes Max.
Do not exceed
260°C
Critical Zone
TL to TP
Ramp-up
TL
TS(max)
tL
Ramp-do
Ramp-down
Preheat
TS(min)
25
Peak Temperature (TP)
tP
TP
Temperature
Reflow Condition
tS
time to peak temperature
Time
Package Dimensions — Dual-In-Line Plastic Packages (PDIP)
N
E1
INDEX
AREA
1 2 3
N/2
Package
PDIP
Pins
8 Lead Dual-in-Line
JEDEC
-BD
E
BASE
PLANE
-C-
SEATING
PLANE
A2
A
L
D1
e
B1
D1
B
CL
eA
A1
eC
0.010 (0.25) M C A B S
C
eB
Notes: NOTES:
1. Controlling
Dimensions:
INCH. In INCH.
case ofIn
conflict
between
and Metric
1. Controlling
Dimensions:
case of
conflictEnglish
between
dimensions,
the and
inch Metric
dimensions
control. the inch dimensionscontrol.
English
dimensions,
2. Dimensioning
and tolerancing
per ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
2. Dimensioning
and tolerancing
per ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
3. Symbols
are defined
the “MO
Series
Symbol
in Section
of Publication No.
3. Symbols
arein
defined
in the
“MO
SeriesList”
Symbol
List”in2.2
Section
95.
2.2 of PublicationNo. 95.
4. Dimensions
A, A1 and
areand
measured
with the package
in JEDEC
4. Dimensions
A,LA1
L are measured
withtheseated
package
seatedseating plane
gauge GS-3.
in JEDEC seating plane gauge GS-3.
5. D, D1, and E1 dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or
5. D, D1, and E1 dimensionsdo not includemoldflash or protruprotrusions shall not exceed 0.010 inch (0.25mm).
sions. Mold flash or protrusionsshall not exceed 0.010 inch
6. E and e(0.25mm).
A are measured with the leads constrained to be perpendicular to datum -C- .
7.eB and
the lead tips
with
leads
unconstrained.
C must be zero
eA areatmeasured
6. eEC are
andmeasured
with
thethe
leads
constrained
to beeperor greater.
pendicularto datum -C- .
8. B1 maximum dimensions do not include dambar protrusions. Dambar protrusions shall
7. eB and eC are measuredat the lead tips withthe leads unconnot exceed
0.010 inch (0.25mm).
strained.eC must be zero or greater.
9. N is t he maximum number of terminal positions.
8. B1 maximumdimensionsdo not includedambarprotrusions.
10.Corner leads
(1, N,
N/2 and N/2
+ 1)not
forexceed
E8.3, E16.3,
E28.3, E42.6 will have a B1
Dambar
protrusions
shall
0.010E18.3,
inch (0.25mm).
dimension of 0.030 - 0.045 inch (0.76 - 1.14mm).
9. N is the maximumnumberof terminalpositions.
10. Corner leads (1, N, N/2 and N/2 + 1) for E8.3, E16.3, E18.3,
E28.3, E42.6 will have a B1 dimensionof 0.030 - 0.045 inch
(0.76 - 1.14mm).
© 2013 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/20/13
MS-001
Millimeters
-A-
Min
A
A1
A2
B
B1
C
D
D1
E
E1
e
eA
eB
L
N
Max
5.33
0.39
2.93
4.95
0.356
0.558
1.15
1.77
0.204
0.355
9.01
10.16
0.13
7.62
8.25
6.10
7.11
2.54 BSC
7.62 BSC
10.92
2.93
3.81
8
Inches
Min
Max
0.210
0.015
0.115
0.195
0.014
0.022
0.045
0.070
0.008
0.014
0.355
0.400
0.005
0.300
0.325
0.240
0.280
0.100 BSC
0.300 BSC
0.430
0.115
0.150
8
Notes
4
4
8, 10
5
5
6
5
6
7
4
9
TVS Diode Arrays (SPA® Diodes)
General Purpose ESD Protection - SP721 Series
Package Dimensions — Small Outline Plastic Packages (SOIC)
N
INDEX
AREA
H
0.25(0.010) M
Package
SOIC
Pins
8
B M
E
JEDEC
-B1
2
3
MS-012
Millimeters
L
SEATING PLANE
-A-
-Cμ
e
A1
B
C
0.10(0.004)
0.25(0.010) M C A M B S
Notes:
Max
Min
Max
1.35
1.75
0.0532
0.0688
A1
0.10
0.25
0.0040
0.0098
-
B
0.33
0.51
0.013
0.020
9
C
0.19
0.25
0.0075
0.0098
-
D
4.80
5.00
0.1890
0.1968
3
E
3.80
4.00
0.1497
0.1574
4
1.27 BSC
e
1. Symbols are defined in the “MO Series Symbol List” in Section 2.2 of Publication
NOTES:
Number
95.
1. Symbols
definedin
“MO
Series SymbolList”in Section 2.2 of
2. Dimensioning
and are
tolerancing
perthe
ANSI
Y14.5M-1982.
PublicationNumber95.
3. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs. Mold flash,
2. Dimensioning
and
tolerancing
per0.15mm
ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
protrusion
and gate burrs
shall
not exceed
(0.006 inch) per side.
3. Dimension
notinterlead
includemold
protrusions
or gate burrs.
4. Dimension
“E” does“D”
notdoes
include
flashflash,
or protrusions.
Inter-lead
flash and
Mold
flash,
and gate
burrs
shall
notside.
exceed 0.15mm(0.006
protrusions
shall
not protrusion
exceed 0.25mm
(0.010
inch)
per
inch) per side.
5. The chamfer on the body is optional. If it is not present, a visual index feature must be
Dimension
“E”does notarea.
includeinterleadflash or protrusions.Interlocated4.within
the crosshatched
lead flash and protrusionsshall not exceed 0.25mm (0.010 inch) per
6. “L” is the side.
length of terminal for soldering to a substrate.
7. “N” is5.
theThe
number
of terminal
positions.
chamfer
on the body
is optional.If it is not present,a visualindex
feature must
be located
withintheonly.
crosshatchedarea.
8. Terminal numbers
are shown
for reference
6. width
“L” is the
of terminal
for soldering
to a substrate.
9. The lead
“B”,length
as measured
0.36mm
(0.014 inch)
or greater above the seating
plane, 7.
shall
not
exceed
a maximum
value
of 0.61mm (0.024 inch).
“N”
is the
number
of terminal
positions.
8. Terminal
numbers
are shown
for reference
10.Controlling
dimension:
MILLIMETER.
Converted
inchonly.
dimensions are not necessarily
exact. 9. The lead width“B”, as measured0.36mm(0.014 inch) or greater
above the seating plane, shall not exceed a maximum value of
0.61mm (0.024 inch).
10. Controllingdimension:MILLIMETER. Convertedinch dimensions
are not necessarily
exact.
Part Numbering
System
SP 721 ** **
TVS Diode Arrays
(SPA® Diodes)
G = Green
P = Lead Free
TG= Tape and Reel
Package
Series
AB = 8 Ld SOIC
AP = 8 Ld PDIP
Notes
Min
A
h x 45o
A
D
Inches
0.050 BSC
-
-
H
5.80
6.20
0.2284
0.2440
-
h
0.25
0.50
0.0099
0.0196
5
L
0.40
1.27
0.016
0.050
6
8º
0º
8
N
0º
µ
8
7
8º
-
Product Characteristics
Lead Plating
Matte Tin
Lead Material
Copper Alloy
Lead Coplanarity
0.004 inches (0.102mm)
Substitute Material
Silicon
Body Material
Molded Epoxy
Flammability
UL 94 V-0
Ordering Information
Part Number
Temp. Range (ºC)
Package
Environmental
Informaton
Marking
Min. Order
SP721APP
-40 to 105
8 Ld PDIP
Lead-free
SP721AP(P) 1
2000
SP721ABG
-40 to 105
8 Ld SOIC
Green
SP721A(B)G 2
1960
SP721ABTG
-40 to 105
8 Ld SOIC Tape
and Reel
Green
SP721A(B)G 2
2500
Notes:
1. SP721AP(P) means device marking either SP721AP or SP721APP.
2. SP721A(B)G means device marking either SP721AG or SP721ABG which are good for types SP721ABG and SP721ABTG.
© 2013 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/20/13
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