Motorola | AP-7131 - Wireless Access Point | Specifications | Motorola AP-7131 - Wireless Access Point Specifications

AP-7131 Access Point
Product Reference Guide
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AP-7131 Access Point
Product Reference Guide
72E-124686-01
Revision A
May 2009
Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
Feature Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
802.11n Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
WIPS Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Power Setting Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Mesh Roaming Client. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Single or Dual Mode Radio Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Separate LAN and WAN Ports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
Multiple Mounting Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Antenna Support for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Sixteen Configurable WLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5
Support for 4 BSSIDs per Radio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
Quality of Service (QoS) Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6
Industry Leading Data Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
Kerberos Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
EAP Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
WEP Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
KeyGuard Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-9
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Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Using TKIP Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-9
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
Firewall Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
VPN Tunnels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
Content Filtering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-11
VLAN Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-11
Multiple Management Accessibility Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-11
Updatable Firmware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-12
Programmable SNMP v1/v2/v3 Trap Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-12
Power-over-Ethernet Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-12
MU-MU Transmission Disallow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-13
Voice Prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-13
Support for CAM and PSP MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-14
Statistical Displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-14
Transmit Power Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-14
Advanced Event Logging Capability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-15
Configuration File Import/Export Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-15
Default Configuration Restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-15
DHCP Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-15
Multi-Function LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-16
Mesh Networking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-16
Additional LAN Subnet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-17
On-board Radius Server Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-17
Hotspot Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-18
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-18
Manual Date and Time Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-19
Dynamic DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-19
Auto Negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-19
Adaptive AP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-19
Rogue AP Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-20
Bandwidth Management Enhancements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-20
Radius Time-Based Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-20
QBSS Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-20
Theory of Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-21
Wireless Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-22
MAC Layer Bridging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-22
Media Types. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-23
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Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-23
MU Association Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-24
Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-25
Management Access Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-25
AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-27
Chapter 2. Hardware Installation
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Access Point Placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Site Surveys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
Antenna Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
AP-7131 Power Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-6
AP-7131 Power Injector System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-7
Installing the Power Injector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-8
Preparing for Site Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-8
Cabling the Power Injector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-8
Mounting an AP-7131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
Wall Mounted Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
Suspended Ceiling T-Bar Installations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-12
Above the Ceiling (Plenum) Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-14
AP-7131 LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-17
Dual Radio (2.4/5 GHz) AP-7131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-19
Single Radio 2.4 GHz AP-7131 LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-19
Single Radio 5 GHz AP-7131 LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
Rear AP-7131 LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
Setting Up MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-21
Legacy MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-21
802.11n MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-21
Chapter 3. Getting Started
Installing the Access Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-1
Configuration Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Initially Connecting to the Access Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Connecting to the Access Point using the WAN Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
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Connecting to the Access Point using the LAN Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Basic Device Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Configuring Device Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Configuring WLAN Security Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-11
Testing Connectivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
Where to Go from Here? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-15
Chapter 4. System Configuration
Configuring System Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Configuring Power Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
Adaptive AP Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-8
Configuring Data Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-11
Managing Certificate Authority (CA) Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-16
Importing a CA Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-16
Creating Self Certificates for Accessing the VPN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
Creating a Certificate for Onboard Radius Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-22
Configuring SNMP Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-25
Configuring SNMP Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
Enabling SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
Configuring Specific SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-36
Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-39
Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-41
Logging Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-44
Importing/Exporting Configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
Updating Device Firmware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-50
Chapter 5. Network Management
Configuring the LAN Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1
Configuring VLAN Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
Configuring LAN1 and LAN2 Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-9
Configuring Advanced DHCP Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-12
Setting the Type Filter Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-14
Configuring WAN Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-16
Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-22
Configuring Port Forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-24
Configuring Dynamic DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-26
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Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-28
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
Configuring WLAN Security Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-36
Configuring a WLAN Access Control List (ACL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-38
Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-41
Configuring WLAN Hotspot Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-47
Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-53
Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-57
Configuring Bandwidth Management Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-68
Configuring WIPS Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-70
Configuring Router Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-73
Setting the RIP Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-75
Chapter 6. Configuring Access Point Security
Configuring Security Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-2
Setting Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
Resetting the Access Point Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-5
Configuring Kerberos Authentication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-8
Configuring 802.1x EAP Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-11
Configuring WEP Encryption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-16
Configuring KeyGuard Encryption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-18
Configuring WPA/WPA2 Using TKIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-20
Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-23
Configuring Firewall Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-26
Configuring LAN to WAN Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-29
Available Protocols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-32
Configuring Advanced Subnet Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-33
Configuring VPN Tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-35
Configuring Manual Key Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-39
Configuring Auto Key Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-43
Configuring IKE Key Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-46
Viewing VPN Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-49
Configuring Content Filtering Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-51
Configuring Rogue AP Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-54
Moving Rogue APs to the Allowed AP List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-58
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Displaying Rogue AP Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-60
Using MUs to Detect Rogue Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-62
Configuring User Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-64
Configuring the Radius Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-64
Configuring LDAP Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-67
Configuring a Proxy Radius Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-70
Managing the Local User Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-72
Mapping Users to Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-74
Defining User Access Permissions by Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-76
Editing Group Access Permissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-78
Chapter 7. Monitoring Statistics
Viewing WAN Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
Viewing LAN Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-6
Viewing a LAN’s STP Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-9
Viewing Wireless Statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-12
Viewing WLAN Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-15
Viewing Radio Statistics Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-18
Viewing Radio Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-20
Retry Histogram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-24
Viewing MU Statistics Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-25
Viewing MU Details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-27
Pinging Individual MUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-30
MU Authentication Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-31
Viewing the Mesh Statistics Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-32
Viewing Known Access Point Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-34
Chapter 8. CLI Reference
Connecting to the CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Accessing the CLI through the Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Accessing the CLI via Telnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Admin and Common Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-3
Network Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-11
Network LAN Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-12
Network LAN, Bridge Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-16
Network LAN, WLAN-Mapping Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-19
xi
Network LAN, DHCP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-28
Network Type Filter Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-34
Network WAN Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-39
Network WAN NAT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-42
Network WAN, VPN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-48
AP7131>admin(network.wan.content)>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-57
Network WAN, Dynamic DNS Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-61
Network Wireless Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-65
Network WLAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-66
Network Security Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-79
Network ACL Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-88
Network Radio Configuration Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-93
Network Quality of Service (QoS) Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-122
Network Bandwith Management Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-127
Network Rogue-AP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-130
WIPS Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-140
Network MU Locationing Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-143
Network Firewall Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-146
Network Router Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-151
System Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-157
Power Setup Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-163
Adaptive AP Setup Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-166
System Access Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-170
System Certificate Management Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-173
System SNMP Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-186
System SNMP Access Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-187
System SNMP Traps Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-192
System User Database Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-198
System Radius Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-211
System Network Time Protocol (NTP) Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-234
System Log Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-239
System Configuration-Update Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-245
Firmware Update Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-252
Statistics Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-256
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Chapter 9. Configuring Mesh Networking
Mesh Networking Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-1
The AP-7131 Client Bridge Association Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-3
Client Bridge Configuration Process Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-4
Spanning Tree Protocol (STP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-4
Defining the Mesh Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-5
Mesh Networking and the AP-7131’s Two Subnets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-5
Normal Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-6
Impact of Importing/Exporting Configurations to a Mesh Network . . . . . . . . .9-6
Configuring Mesh Networking Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-6
Setting the LAN Configuration for Mesh Networking Support . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-6
Configuring a WLAN for Mesh Networking Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-9
Configuring the Access Point Radio for Mesh Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-13
Mesh Network Deployment - Quick Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-20
Scenario 1 - Two Base Bridges and One Client Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-20
Configuring AP#1: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-20
Configuring AP#2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-25
Configuring AP#3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-26
Verifying Mesh Network Functionality for Scenario #1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-28
Scenario 2 - Two Hop Mesh Network with a Base and a Client Bridge . . . . .9-29
Configuring AP#1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-29
Configuring AP#2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-30
Configuring AP#3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-31
Verifying Mesh Network Functionality for Scenario #2 . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-33
Mesh Networking Frequently Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-34
Chapter 10. Adaptive AP
Adaptive AP Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-1
Where to Go From Here . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Adaptive AP Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-3
Licensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-3
Switch Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-3
Auto Discovery using DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-4
Manual Adoption Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-5
Securing a Configuration Channel Between Switch and AP. . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-5
Adaptive AP WLAN Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-5
xiii
Configuration Updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-6
Securing Data Tunnels between the Switch and AAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-6
Adaptive AP Switch Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-6
Remote Site Survivability (RSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-7
Adaptive Mesh Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-7
Supported Adaptive AP Topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-8
Topology Deployment Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-8
Extended WLANs Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-9
Independent WLANs Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-9
Extended WLANs with Independent WLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-9
Extended WLAN with Mesh Networking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
How the AP Receives its Adaptive Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Establishing Basic Adaptive AP Connectivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Adaptive AP Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Adopting an Adaptive AP Manually. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Adopting an Adaptive AP Using a Configuration File . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-14
Adopting an Adaptive AP Using DHCP Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-14
Switch Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-15
Adaptive AP Deployment Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-18
Sample Switch Configuration File for IPSec and Independent WLAN . . . . .10-19
Appendix A. Technical Specifications
AP-7131 Physical Characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radio Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antenna Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4 GHz Antenna Matrix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 GHz Antenna Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AP-5131 Additional Antenna Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AP-5131 Antenna Accessory Connectors, Cable Type and Length . . . . .
Country Codes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A-3
A-3
A-4
A-4
A-4
A-5
A-5
A-6
Appendix B. Usage Scenarios
Configuring Automatic Updates using a DHCP or Linux BootP Server . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Windows - DHCP Server Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Embedded Options - Using Option 43 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-2
Global Options - Using Extended/Standard Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-3
DHCP Priorities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-5
Linux - BootP Server Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-6
BootP Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-7
BootP Priorities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-9
Configuring an IPSEC Tunnel and VPN FAQs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-10
Configuring a VPN Tunnel Between Two Access Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-10
Configuring a Cisco VPN Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-13
Frequently Asked VPN Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-15
Appendix C. Customer Support
Index
About This Guide
Introduction
This guide provides configuration and setup information for the AP-7131 model access point
Document Conventions
The following document conventions are used in this document:
NOTE Indicate tips or special requirements.
!
CAUTION Indicates conditions that can cause equipment damage or data
loss.
xvii
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
WARNING! Indicates a condition or procedure that could result in personal injury or
equipment damage.
Notational Conventions
The following notational conventions are used in this document:
•
•
•
Italics are used to highlight specific items in the general text, and to identify chapters and
sections in this and related documents.
Bullets (•) indicate:
• action items
• lists of alternatives
• lists of required steps that are not necessarily sequential
Sequential lists (those describing step-by-step procedures) appear as numbered lists.
Service Information
If a problem is encountered with the access point, contact Customer Support. Refer to
Appendix C for contact information. Before calling, have the model and serial number on hand.
If the problem cannot be solved over the phone, you may need to return your equipment for servicing.
If that is necessary, you will be given specific instructions.
Motorola is not responsible for any damages incurred during shipment if the approved shipping
container is not used. Shipping the units improperly can possibly void the warranty. If the original
shipping container was not kept, contact Motorola to have another sent to you.
Introduction
As a standalone access point, the AP-7131 provides small and medium-sized businesses with a
consolidated wired and wireless networking infrastructure, all in a single device. The integrated
router, gateway, firewall, DHCP and AAA Radius servers, VPN, hot-spot gateway and Power-overEthernet (PoE) simplify and reduce the costs associated with networking by eliminating the need to
purchase and manage multiple pieces of equipment.
The AP-7131 is also designed to meet the needs of large, distributed enterprises by converging the
functionality of a thick access point and thin access port into a single device. This mode enables the
deployment of a fully featured intelligent access point that can be centrally configured and managed
via a Motorola wireless switch in either corporate headquarters or a network operations center
(NOC). In the event the connection between the AP-7131 and the wireless switch is lost, a Remote
Site Survivability (RSS) feature ensures the delivery of uninterrupted wireless services at the local or
remote site. All traffic between the adaptive access points and the wireless switch is secured though
an IPSec tunnel. Additionally, compatibility with Motorola’s RF Management Suite allows you to
centrally plan, deploy, monitor, and secure large AP-7131 deployments.
If you are new to using an access point for managing your network, refer to Theory of Operations on
page 1-21 for an overview on wireless networking fundamentals.
1-2 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.1 Feature Overview
An AP-7131 access point supports the following feature set:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
802.11n Support
WIPS Support
Power Setting Configuration
Mesh Roaming Client
Single or Dual Mode Radio Options
Separate LAN and WAN Ports
Multiple Mounting Options
Antenna Support for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Radios
Sixteen Configurable WLANs
Support for 4 BSSIDs per Radio
Quality of Service (QoS) Support
Industry Leading Data Security
VLAN Support
Multiple Management Accessibility Options
Updatable Firmware
Programmable SNMP v1/v2/v3 Trap Support
Power-over-Ethernet Support
MU-MU Transmission Disallow
Voice Prioritization
Support for CAM and PSP MUs
Statistical Displays
Transmit Power Control
Advanced Event Logging Capability
Configuration File Import/Export Functionality
Default Configuration Restoration
DHCP Support
Multi-Function LEDs
Mesh Networking
Additional LAN Subnet
Introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
On-board Radius Server Authentication
Hotspot Support
Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Manual Date and Time Settings
Dynamic DNS
Auto Negotiation
Adaptive AP
Rogue AP Enhancements
Bandwidth Management Enhancements
Radius Time-Based Authentication
QBSS Support
1.1.1 802.11n Support
Motorola provides full life-cycle support for either a new or existing 802.11n mobility deployment,
from network design to day-to-day support. For information on deploying your 802.11n radio, see
Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
1.1.2 WIPS Support
An access point radio can function as a Wireless Intrusion Protection System (WIPS) sensor and
upload sensor mode operation information to a dedicated WIPS server. Either one or both of the
AP-7131’s radios can be configured as WIPS supported radio. WIPS is not supported on a WLAN
basis, rather WIPS is supported on the access point radio(s) available to each WLAN.
WIPS protects your wireless network, mobile devices and traffic from attacks and unauthorized
access. WIPS provides tools for standards compliance and around-the-clock 802.11a/b/g wireless
network security in a distributed environment. WIPS allows administrators to identify and accurately
locate attacks, rogue devices and network vulnerabilities in real time and permits both a wired and
wireless lockdown of wireless device connections upon acknowledgement of a threat.
NOTE WIPS support requires a Motorola AirDefense WIPS Server on the
network. WIPS functionality is not provided by the AP-7131 alone. The
AP-7131 works in conjunction with a dedicated WIPS server.
For use in configuring the access point for WIPS support, see Configuring WIPS Server Settings on
page 5-70.
1-3
1-4 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.1.3 Power Setting Configuration
The AP-7131 power setting feature enables the user to select one of two power operating modes,
legacy IEEE802.3af or Automatic.
If IEEE802.3af is selected, the AP is configured assuming 12.95 watts are available. If Automatic is
selected, the AP automatically determines the best configuration based on available power and the
access point SKU. If the access point’s POE cannot provide sufficient power to run the AP-7131 at its
optimal configuration, determine whether the AP-7131’s Radio 1 or Radio 2 received the optimal
share of available power resources. For information on configuring the access point’s power
configuration, see Configuring Power Settings on page 4-6.
1.1.4 Mesh Roaming Client
Enable the Mesh Roaming Client feature (using the access point’s CLI) to allow a client bridge to
associate in the same manner as a regular mesh client bridge. After an initial (single) association, the
client bridge will not attempt additional associations. Since STP will be disabled, the association
forwards data as soon as the association attempt is successful. When Mesh Roaming Client is
enabled, base bridge mode is not supported to avoid a loop within the mesh topology. Thus, the Mesh
Roaming Client is always an end point (by design) within the mesh wireless topology. The base bridge
will need STP disabled to immediately begin forwarding data when a roaming client bridge
associates.
1.1.5 Single or Dual Mode Radio Options
One or two possible configurations are available on the access point depending on which model is
purchased. If the access point is manufactured as a single radio access point, the access point
enables you to configure the single radio for either 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n support.
If the access point is manufactured as a dual-radio access point, the access point enables you to
configure one radio for 802.11a/n support, and the other for 802.11b/g/n support.
For detailed information, see Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-53.
1.1.6 Separate LAN and WAN Ports
The access point has one LAN (GE1/POE) port and one WAN (GE2) port, each with their own MAC
address. The access point must manage all data traffic over the LAN connection carefully as either a
DHCP client, BOOTP client, DHCP server or using a static IP address. The access point can only use a
Power-over-Ethernet device when connected to the LAN port.
Introduction
For detailed information on configuring the LAN port, see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a widely dispersed telecommunications network. In a corporate
environment, the WAN port might connect to a larger corporate network. For a small business, the
WAN port might connect to a DSL or cable modem to access the Internet. Regardless, network
address information must be configured for the access point’s intended mode of operation.
For detailed information on configuring the access point’s WAN port, see Configuring WAN Settings
on page 5-16.
The LAN and WAN port MAC addresses can be located within the LAN and WAN Stats screens.
For detailed information on locating the access point’s MAC addresses, see Viewing WAN Statistics
on page 7-2 and Viewing LAN Statistics on page 7-6. For information on access point MAC address
assignments, see AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment on page 1-27.
1.1.7 Multiple Mounting Options
The access point attaches to a wall, mounts under a ceiling or above a ceiling (attic). Choose a
mounting option based on the physical environment of the coverage area. Do not mount the access
point in a location that has not been approved in an AP-7131 radio coverage site survey.
For detailed information on the mounting options available , see Mounting an AP-7131 on page 2-9.
1.1.8 Antenna Support for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Radios
The access point supports several 802.11a/n and 802.11b/g/n radio antennas. Select the antenna
best suited to the radio transmission requirements of your coverage area.
For an overview of the Radio 1 (2.4 GHz) and Radio 2 (5 GHz) antennas supported on the access point’s
Reverse SMA (RSMA) connectors, see Antenna Specifications on page A-4.
1.1.9 Sixteen Configurable WLANs
A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a data-communications system that flexibly extends the
functionalities of a wired LAN. A WLAN does not require lining up devices for line-of-sight
transmission, and are thus, desirable for wireless networking. Roaming users can be handed off from
one access point to another like a cellular phone system. WLANs can therefore be configured around
the needs of specific groups of users, even when they are not in physical proximity. Sixteen WLANs
are configurable on each access point.
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To enable and configure WLANs on an access point radio, see Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs) on
page 5-28.
1.1.10 Support for 4 BSSIDs per Radio
The access point supports four BSSIDs per radio. Each BSSID has a corresponding MAC address. The
first MAC address corresponds to BSSID #1. The MAC addresses for the other three BSSIDs (BSSIDs
#2, #3, #4) are derived by adding 1, 2, 3, respectively, to the radio MAC address.
If the radio MAC address displayed on the Radio Settings screen is 00:A0:F8:72:20:DC, then the
BSSIDs for that radio will have the following MAC addresses:
BSSID
MAC Address
Hexadecimal Addition
BSSID #1
00:A0:F8:72:20:DC
Same as Radio MAC address
BSSID #2
00:A0:F8:72:20:DD
Radio MAC address +1
BSSID #3
00:A0:F8:72:20:DE
Radio MAC address +2
BSSID #4
00:A0:F8:72:20:DF
Radio MAC address +3
For detailed information on strategically mapping BSSIDs to WLANs, see Configuring the 802.11a/n
or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57. For information on access point MAC address assignments, see
AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment on page 1-27.
1.1.11 Quality of Service (QoS) Support
The QoS implementation provides applications running on different wireless devices a variety of
priority levels to transmit data to and from the access point. Equal data transmission priority is fine
for data traffic from applications such as Web browsers, file transfers or email, but is inadequate for
multimedia applications.
Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), video streaming and interactive gaming are highly sensitive to
latency increases and throughput reductions. These forms of higher priority data traffic can
significantly benefit from the QoS implementation.The WiFi Multimedia QOS Extensions (WMM)
implementation used by the shortens the time between transmitting higher priority data traffic and
is thus desirable for multimedia applications. In addition, U-APSD (WMM Power Save) is also
supported.
WMM defines four access categories—voice, video, best effort and background—to prioritize traffic
for enhanced multimedia support.
Introduction
For detailed information on configuring QoS support, see Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS)
Policy on page 5-41.
1.1.12 Industry Leading Data Security
The access point supports numerous encryption and authentication techniques to protect the data
transmitting on the WLAN.
The following authentication techniques are supported:
•
•
Kerberos Authentication
EAP Authentication
The following encryption techniques are supported:
•
•
•
•
WEP Encryption
KeyGuard Encryption
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Using TKIP Encryption
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) Encryption
In addition, the access point supports the following additional security features:
•
•
•
Firewall Security
VPN Tunnels
Content Filtering
For an overview on the encryption and authentication schemes available , refer to Configuring Access
Point Security on page 6-1.
1.1.12.1 Kerberos Authentication
Authentication is a means of verifying information transmitted from a secure source. If information is
authentic, you know who created it and you know it has not been altered in any way since it was
originated. Authentication entails a network administrator employing a software “supplicant” on
their computer or wireless device.
Authentication is critical for the security of any wireless LAN device. Traditional authentication
methods are not suitable for use in wireless networks where an unauthorized user can monitor
network traffic and intercept passwords. The use of strong authentication methods that do not
disclose passwords is necessary. The access point uses the Kerberos authentication service protocol
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(specified in RFC 1510) to authenticate users/clients in a wireless network environment and to
securely distribute the encryption keys used for both encrypting and decrypting.
A basic understanding of RFC 1510 Kerberos Network Authentication Service (V5) is helpful in
understanding how Kerberos works. By default, WLAN devices operate in an open system network
where any wireless device can associate with an AP without authorization. Kerberos requires device
authentication before access to the wired network is permitted.
For detailed information on Kerbeors configurations, see Configuring Kerberos Authentication on
page 6-8.
1.1.12.2 EAP Authentication
The Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) feature provides access points and their associated
MUs an additional measure of security for data transmitted over the wireless network. Using EAP,
authentication between devices is achieved through the exchange and verification of certificates.
EAP is a mutual authentication method whereby both the MU and AP are required to prove their
identities. Like Kerberos, the user loses device authentication if the server cannot provide proof of
device identification.
Using EAP, a user requests connection to a WLAN through the access point. The access point then
requests the identity of the user and transmits that identity to an authentication server. The server
prompts the AP for proof of identity (supplied to the by the user) and then transmits the user data
back to the server to complete the authentication process.
An MU is not able to access the network if not authenticated. When configured for EAP support, the
access point displays the MU as an EAP station.
EAP is only supported on mobile devices running Windows XP, Windows 2000 (using Service Pack #4)
and Windows Mobile 2003. Refer to the system administrator for information on configuring a Radius
Server for EAP (802.1x) support.
For detailed information on EAP configurations, see Configuring 802.1x EAP Authentication on page
6-11.
1.1.12.3 WEP Encryption
All WLAN devices face possible information theft. Theft occurs when an unauthorized user
eavesdrops to obtain information illegally. The absence of a physical connection makes wireless links
particularly vulnerable to this form of theft. Most forms of WLAN security rely on encryption to
various extents. Encryption entails scrambling and coding information, typically with mathematical
Introduction
formulas called algorithms, before the information is transmitted. An algorithm is a set of instructions
or formula for scrambling the data. A key is the specific code used by the algorithm to encrypt or
decrypt the data. Decryption is the decoding and unscrambling of received encrypted data.
The same device, host computer or front-end processor, usually performs both encryption and
decryption. The transmit or receive direction determines whether the encryption or decryption
function is performed. The device takes plain text, encrypts or scrambles the text typically by
mathematically combining the key with the plain text as instructed by the algorithm, then transmits
the data over the network. At the receiving end, another device takes the encrypted text and decrypts,
or unscrambles, the text revealing the original message. An unauthorized user can know the
algorithm, but cannot interpret the encrypted data without the appropriate key. Only the sender and
receiver of the transmitted data know the key.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is an encryption security protocol specified in the IEEE Wireless
Fidelity (Wi-Fi) standard, 802.11b and supported by the AP. WEP encryption is designed to provide a
WLAN with a level of security and privacy comparable to that of a wired LAN. The level of protection
provided by WEP encryption is determined by the encryption key length and algorithm. An encryption
key is a string of case sensitive characters used to encrypt and decrypt data packets transmitted
between a mobile unit (MU) and the access point. An access point and its associated wireless clients
must use the same encryption key (typically 1 through 4) to interoperate.
For detailed information on WEP, see Configuring WEP Encryption on page 6-16.
1.1.12.4 KeyGuard Encryption
Use KeyGuard to shield the master encryption keys from being discovered through hacking. KeyGuard
negotiation takes place between the access point and MU upon association. The access point can
use KeyGuard with Motorola MUs. KeyGuard is only supported on Motorola MUs making it a
Motorola proprietary security mechanism.
For detailed information on KeyGuard configurations, see Configuring KeyGuard Encryption on page
6-18.
1.1.12.5 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Using TKIP Encryption
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a security standard for systems operating with a Wi-Fi wireless
connection. WEP’s lack of user authentication mechanisms is addressed by WPA. Compared to WEP,
WPA provides superior data encryption and user authentication.
WPA addresses the weaknesses of WEP by including:
•
a per-packet key mixing function
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•
•
•
a message integrity check
an extended initialization vector with sequencing rules
a re-keying mechanism
WPA uses an encryption method called Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP). WPA employs 802.1X
and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP).
For detailed information on WPA using TKIP configurations, see Configuring WPA/WPA2 Using TKIP
on page 6-20.
1.1.12.6 WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) Encryption
WPA2 is a newer 802.11i standard that provides even stronger wireless security than Wi-Fi Protected
Access (WPA) and WEP. Counter-mode/CBC-MAC Protocol (CCMP) is the security standard used by
the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). AES serves the same function TKIP does for WPA-TKIP.
CCMP computes a Message Integrity Check (MIC) using the proven Cipher Block Message
Authentication Code (CBC-MAC) technique. Changing just one bit in a message produces a totally
different result.
WPA2-CCMP is based on the concept of a Robust Security Network (RSN), which defines a hierarchy
of keys with a limited lifetime (similar to TKIP). Like TKIP, the keys the administrator provides are used
to derive other keys. Messages are encrypted using a 128-bit secret key and a 128-bit block of data.
The end result is an encryption scheme as secure as any the access point provides.
For detailed information on WPA2-CCMP, see Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) on page 6-23.
1.1.12.7 Firewall Security
A firewall keeps personal data in and hackers out. The access point’s firewall prevents suspicious
Internet traffic from proliferating the access point managed network. The access point performs
Network Address Translation (NAT) on packets passing to and from the WAN port. This combination
provides enhanced security by monitoring communication with the wired network.
For detailed information on configuring the access point’s firewall, see Configuring Firewall Settings
on page 6-26.
1.1.12.8 VPN Tunnels
Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) are IP-based networks using encryption and tunneling providing
users remote access to a secure LAN. In essence, the trust relationship is extended from one LAN
across the public network to another LAN, without sacrificing security. A VPN behaves like a private
Introduction
network; however, because the data travels through the public network, it needs several layers of
security. The access point can function as a robust VPN gateway.
For detailed information on configuring VPN security support, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page
6-35.
1.1.12.9 Content Filtering
Content filtering allows system administrators to block specific commands and URL extensions from
going out through the WAN port. Therefore, content filtering affords system administrators selective
control on the content proliferating the network and is a powerful screening tool. Content filtering
allows the blocking of up to 10 files or URL extensions and allows blocking of specific outbound HTTP,
SMTP, and FTP requests.
For detailed information on configuring content filtering support, see Configuring Content Filtering
Settings on page 6-51.
1.1.13 VLAN Support
A Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) can electronically separate data on the same AP from a single
broadcast domain into separate broadcast domains. By using a VLAN, you can group by logical
function instead of physical location. There are 16 VLANs supported on the access point. An
administrator can map up to 16 WLANs to 16 VLANs and enable or disable dynamic VLAN
assignment. In addition to these 16 VLANs, the access point supports dynamic, user-based, VLANs
when using EAP authentication.
VLANs enable organizations to share network resources in various network segments within large
areas (airports, shopping malls, etc.). A VLAN is a group of clients with a common set of requirements
independent of their physical location. VLANs have the same attributes as physical LANs, but they
enable administrators to group clients even when they are not members of the same network
segment.
For detailed information on configuring VLAN support, see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
1.1.14 Multiple Management Accessibility Options
The access point can be accessed and configured using one of the following:
•
•
•
Java-Based Web UI
Human readable config file (imported via FTP or TFTP)
MIB (Management Information Base)
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•
Command Line Interface (CLI) accessed via RS-232 or Telnet. Use the access point’s DB-9
serial port for direct access to the command-line interface from a PC. Use a Null-Modem
cable (Part No. 25-632878-0) for the best fitting connection.
1.1.15 Updatable Firmware
Motorola periodically releases updated versions of device firmware to the Motorola Web site. If the
firmware version displayed on the System Settings screen (see Configuring System Settings on page
4-2) is older than the version on the Web site, Motorola recommends updating the access point to
the latest firmware version for full feature functionality.
For detailed information on updating the firmware using FTP or TFTP, see Updating Device Firmware
on page 4-50.
1.1.16 Programmable SNMP v1/v2/v3 Trap Support
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) facilitates the exchange of management information
between network devices. SNMP uses Management Information Bases (MIBs) to manage the device
configuration and monitor Internet devices in remote locations. MIB information accessed via SNMP
is defined by a set of managed objects called Object Identifiers (OIDs). An OID is used to uniquely
identify each object variable of a MIB.
SNMP allows a network administrator to configure the access point, manage network performance,
find and solve network problems, and plan network growth. The access point supports SNMP
management functions for gathering information from its network components. The access point’s
download site contains the following MIB files supporting the AP-7131:
•
•
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 (standard MIB file)
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB (relevant to the AP-7131 feature set)
The access point’s SNMP agent functions as a command responder and is a multilingual agent
responding to SNMPv1, v2c and v3 managers (command generators). The factory default
configuration maintains SNMPv1/2c support of community names, thus providing backward
compatibility.
For detailed information on configuring SNMP traps, see Configuring SNMP Settings on page 4-25.
1.1.17 Power-over-Ethernet Support
When users purchase a Motorola WLAN solution, they often need to place access points in obscure
locations. In the past, a dedicated power source was required for each access point in addition to the
Introduction
Ethernet infrastructure. This often required an electrical contractor to install power drops at each
access point location.
An approved Power Injector solution merges power and Ethernet into one cable, reducing the burden
of installation and allows optimal access point placement in respect to the intended radio coverage
area. An AP-7131 can only use a Power-over-Ethernet device when connected to the LAN (GE1/POE)
port.
The AP-7131 Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-1P3-AFR) is a single-port Power over Ethernet hub
combining low-voltage DC with Ethernet data in a single cable connecting to the access point. The
Power Injector’s single DC and Ethernet data cable creates a modified Ethernet cabling environment
on the access point’s LAN port eliminating the need for separate Ethernet and power cables. For
detailed information on using the Power Injector, see AP-7131 Power Injector System on page 2-7.
1.1.18 MU-MU Transmission Disallow
The access point’s MU-MU Disallow feature prohibits MUs from communicating with each other even
if on the same WLAN, assuming one of the WLAN’s is configured to disallow MU-MU
communication. Therefore, if an MU’s WLAN is configured for MU-MU disallow, it will not be able to
communicate with any other MUs connected to this access point.
For detailed information on configuring an WLAN to disallow MU to MU communications, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
1.1.19 Voice Prioritization
Each access point WLAN has the capability of having its QoS policy configured to prioritize the
network traffic requirements for associated MUs. A WLAN QoS page is available for each enabled
WLAN on either the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio.
Use the QoS page to enable voice prioritization for devices to receive the transmission priority they
may not normally receive over other data traffic. Voice prioritization allows the access point to assign
priority to voice traffic over data traffic, and (if necessary) assign legacy voice supported devices (non
WMM supported voice devices) additional priority.
For detailed information on configuring voice prioritization over other voice enabled devices, see
Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
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1.1.20 Support for CAM and PSP MUs
The access point supports both CAM and PSP powered MUs. CAM (Continuously Aware Mode) MUs
leave their radios on continuously to hear every beacon and message transmitted. These systems
operate without any adjustments by the access point.
A beacon is a uniframe system packet broadcast by the AP to keep the network synchronized. A
beacon includes the ESSID, MAC address, Broadcast destination addresses, a time stamp, a DTIM
(Delivery Traffic Indication Message) and the TIM (Traffic Indication Map).
PSP (Power Save Polling) MUs power off their radios for short periods. When a MU in PSP mode
associates with an access point, it notifies the access point of its activity status. The access point
responds by buffering packets received for the MU. PSP mode is used to extend an MU’s battery life
by enabling the MU to “sleep” during periods of inactivity.
1.1.21 Statistical Displays
The access point can display robust transmit and receive statistics for the WAN and LAN ports.
WLAN stats can be displayed collectively and individually for enabled WLANs. Transmit and receive
statistics are available for the access point’s 802.11a/n and 802.11b/g/n radios. An advanced radio
statistics page is also available to display retry histograms for specific data packet retry information.
Associated MU stats can be displayed collectively and individually for specific MUs. An echo (ping)
test is also available to ping specific MUs to assess association strength. Finally, the access point
can detect and display the properties of other APs detected within its radio coverage area. The type
of AP detected can be displayed as well as the properties of individual APs.
For detailed information on available access point statistical displays and the values they represent,
see Monitoring Statistics on page 7-1.
1.1.22 Transmit Power Control
The access point has a configurable power level for each radio. This enables the network
administrator to define the antenna’s transmission power level in respect to the access point’s
placement or network requirements as defined in the site survey.
For detailed information on setting the radio transmit power level, see Configuring the 802.11a/n or
802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
Introduction
1.1.23 Advanced Event Logging Capability
The access point periodically logs system events. Logging events is useful in assessing the
throughput and performance of the access point or troubleshooting problems on the access point
managed Local Area Network (LAN).
For detailed information on access point events, see Logging Configuration on page 4-44.
1.1.24 Configuration File Import/Export Functionality
Configuration settings for an access point can be downloaded from the current configuration of
another access point. This affords the administrator the ability to save the current configuration
before making significant changes or restoring a default configuration.
For detailed information on importing or exporting configuration files, see Importing/Exporting
Configurations on page 4-46.
1.1.25 Default Configuration Restoration
The access point can restore its default configuration or a partial default configuration (with the
exception of current WAN and SNMP settings). Restoring the default configuration is a good way to
create new WLANs if the MUs the access point supports have been moved to different radio coverage
areas.
For detailed information on restoring a default or partial default configuration, see Configuring
System Settings on page 4-2.
1.1.26 DHCP Support
The access point can use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to obtain a leased IP address
and configuration information from a remote server. DHCP is based on the BOOTP protocol and can
coexist or interoperate with BOOTP. Configure the access point to send out a DHCP request searching
for a DHCP/BOOTP server to acquire HTML, firmware or network configuration files when the access
point boots. Because BOOTP and DHCP interoperate, whichever responds first becomes the server
that allocates information.
The access point can be set to only accept replies from DHCP or BOOTP servers or both (this is the
default setting). Disabling DHCP disables BOOTP and DHCP and requires network settings to be set
manually. If running both DHCP and BOOTP, do not select BOOTP Only. BOOTP should only be used
when the server is running BOOTP exclusively.
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The DHCP client automatically sends a DHCP request at an interval specified by the DHCP server to
renew the IP address lease as long as the access point is running (this parameter is programmed at
the DHCP server). For example: Windows 2000 servers typically are set for 3 days.
1.1.27 Multi-Function LEDs
Five LEDs illuminate on the front of the AP-7131 (on top of the AP-7131 housing) for dual radios
models and four illuminate for single radio models. One LED (for above the ceiling installations) is
located on the back of the device.
The LEDs on the top housing of the AP-7131 are clearly visible in wall and below ceiling installations.
For detailed information on the access point LEDs and their functionality, see AP-7131 LED Indicators
on page 2-17.
1.1.28 Mesh Networking
Utilize the new mesh networking functionality to allow the access point to function as a bridge to
connect two Ethernet networks or as a repeater to extend your network’s coverage area without
additional cabling. Mesh networking is configurable in two modes. It can be set in a wireless client
bridge mode and/or a wireless base bridge mode (which accepts connections from client bridges).
These two modes are not mutually exclusive.
In client bridge mode, the access point scans to find other access points using the selected WLAN’s
ESSID. The access point must go through the association and authentication process to establish a
wireless connection. The mesh networking association process is identical to the access point’s MU
association process. Once the association/authentication process is complete, the wireless client
adds the connection as a port on its bridge module. This causes the access point (in client bridge
mode) to begin forwarding configuration packets to the base bridge. An access point in base bridge
mode allows the access point radio to accept client bridge connections.
The two bridges communicate using the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP). The spanning tree determines
the path to the root and detects if the current connection is part of a network loop with another
connection. Once the spanning tree converges, both access points begin learning which destinations
reside on which side of the network. This allows them to forward traffic intelligently.
After the access point (in client bridge mode) establishes at least one wireless connection, it will
begin beaconing and accepting wireless connections (if configured to support mobile users). If the
access point is configured as both a client bridge and a base bridge, it begins accepting client bridge
connections. In this way, the mesh network builds itself over time and distance.
Introduction
Once the access point (in client bridge mode) establishes at least one wireless connection, it
establishes other wireless connections in the background as they become available. In this way, the
access point can establish simultaneous redundant links. An access point (in client bridge mode) can
establish up to 3 simultaneous wireless connections with other access points. A client bridge always
initiates the connections and the base bridge is always the acceptor of the mesh network data
proliferating the network.
Since each access point can establish up to 3 simultaneous wireless connections, some of these
connections may be redundant. In that case, the STP algorithm determines which links are the
redundant links and disables the links from forwarding.
For an overview on mesh networking as well as details on configuring the access point’s mesh
networking functionality, see Configuring Mesh Networking on page 9-1.
1.1.29 Additional LAN Subnet
In a typical retail or small office environment (wherein a wireless network is available along with a
production WLAN) it is often necessary to segment a LAN into two subnets. Consequently, a second
LAN is required to “segregate” wireless traffic.
The access point has a second LAN subnet enabling administrators to segment the access point’s
LAN connection into two separate networks. The main access point LAN screen now allows the user
to select either LAN1 or LAN2 as the active LAN over the access point’s Ethernet port. Both LANs can
still be active at any given time, but only one can transmit over the access point’s physical LAN
connection. Each LAN has a separate configuration screen (called LAN 1 and LAN 2 by default)
accessible under the main LAN screen. The user can rename each LAN as necessary. Additionally,
each LAN can have its own Ethernet Type Filter configuration, and subnet access (HTTP, SSH, SNMP
and telnet) configuration.
For detailed information on configuring the access point for additional LAN subnet support, see
Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
1.1.30 On-board Radius Server Authentication
The access point can function as a Radius Server to provide user database information and user
authentication. Several new screens have been added to the access point’s menu tree to configure
Radius server authentication and configure the local user database and access policies. The new
Radius Server functionality allows an administrator to define the data source, authentication type and
associate digital certificates with the authentication scheme. The LDAP screen allows the
administrator to configure an external LDAP Server for use with the access point. A new Access Policy
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screen enables the administrator to set WLAN access based on user groups defined within the User
Database screen. Each user is authorized based on the access policies applicable to that user. Access
policies allow an administrator to control access to a user groups based on the WLAN configurations.
For detailed information on configuring the access point for AAA Radius Server support, see
Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
1.1.31 Hotspot Support
The access point allows hotspot operators to provide user authentication and accounting without a
special client application. The access point uses a traditional Internet browser as a secure
authentication device. Rather than rely on built-in 802.11security features to control access point
association privileges, you can configure a WLAN with no WEP (an open network). The access point
issues an IP address to the user using a DHCP server, authenticates the user and grants the user to
access the Internet.
If a tourist visits a public hotspot and wants to browse a Web page, they boot their laptop and
associate with a local Wi-Fi network by entering a valid SSID. They start a browser, and the hotspot’s
access controller forces the un-authenticated user to a Welcome page (from the hotspot operator)
that allows the user to login with a username and password. In order to send a redirected page (a
login page), a TCP termination exists locally on the access point. Once the login page displays, the
user enters their credentials. The access point connects to the Radius server and determines the
identity of the connected wireless user. Thus, allowing the user to access the Internet once
successfully authenticated.
For detailed information on configuring the access point for Hotspot support, see Configuring WLAN
Hotspot Support on page 5-47.
1.1.32 Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
RIP is an interior gateway protocol that specifies how routers exchange routing-table information.
The parent Router screen also allows the administrator to select the type of RIP and the type of RIP
authentication used.
For detailed information on configuring RIP functionality as part of the access point’s Router
functionality, see Setting the RIP Configuration on page 5-75.
Introduction
1.1.33 Manual Date and Time Settings
As an alternative to defining a NTP server to provide access point system time, the access point can
now have its date and time set manually. A new Manual Date/Time Setting screen can be used to set
the time using a Year-Month-Day HH:MM:SS format.
For detailed information on manually setting the access point’s system time, see Configuring Network
Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41.
1.1.34 Dynamic DNS
The access point supports the Dynamic DNS service. Dynamic DNS (or DynDNS) is a feature offered
by www.dyndns.com allowing the mapping of domain names to dynamically assigned IP addresses.
When the dynamically assigned IP address of a client changes, the new IP address is sent to the
DynDNS service and traffic for the specified domain(s) is routed to the new IP address. For
information on configuring Dynamic DNS, see Configuring Dynamic DNS on page 5-26.
1.1.35 Auto Negotiation
Auto negotiation enables the access point to automatically exchange information about data
transmission speed and duplex capabilities. Auto negotiation is helpful when using the access point
in an environment where different devices are connected and disconnected on a regular basis. For
information on configuring the auto negotiation feature, see Configuring the LAN Interface on page
5-1 or Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-16.
1.1.36 Adaptive AP
An adaptive AP (AAP) is an AP-7131access point that can adopt like an AP300 (L3). The management
of an AAP is conducted by a switch, once the access point connects to a Motorola WS5100, RFS6000
or RFS7000 model switch and receives its AAP configuration.
An AAP provides:
•
•
•
•
local 802.11 traffic termination
local encryption/decryption
local traffic bridging
the tunneling of centralized traffic to the wireless switch
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1-20 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
For a information overview of the adaptive AP feature as well as how to configure it, refer to
Adaptive AP on page 10-1.
1.1.37 Rogue AP Enhancements
The access point can scan for rogues over all channels on both of the access point’s radio bands. The
switching of radio bands is based on a timer with no user intervention required.
For information on configuring the access point for Rogue AP support, see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-54.
1.1.38 Bandwidth Management Enhancements
Use the Bandwidth Management screen to control the network bandwidth allotted to individual
WLANs. Define a weighted scheme as needed when WLAN traffic supporting a specific network
segment becomes critical. Bandwidth management is configured on a per-WLAN basis. With this
segregated radio approach, bandwidth management can be configured uniquely for individual
WLANs on different access point radios.
For information on configuring bandwidth management, see Configuring Bandwidth Management
Settings on page 5-68.
1.1.39 Radius Time-Based Authentication
An external server maintains a users and groups database used by the access point for access
permissions. Various kinds of access policies can be applied to each group. Individual groups can be
configured with their own time-based access policy. Each group’s policy has a user defined interval
defining the days and hours access is permitted. Authentication requests for users belonging to the
group are honored only during these defined hourly intervals.
For more information on defining access point access policies by group, see Defining User Access
Permissions by Group on page 6-76.
1.1.40 QBSS Support
Each access point radio can be configured to optionally allow the access point to communicate
channel usage data to associated devices and define the beacon interval used for channel utilization
transmissions. The QBSS load represents the percentage of time the channel is in use by the access
point and the access point’s station count. This information is very helpful in assessing the access
point’s overall load on a channel, its availability for additional device associations and multi media
traffic support.
Introduction
For information on enabling QBSS and defining the channel utilization transmission interval, see
Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
1.2 Theory of Operations
To understand access point management and performance alternatives, users need familiarity with
functionality and configuration options. The access point includes features for different interface
connections and network management.
The access point uses electromagnetic waves to transmit and receive electric signals without wires.
Users communicate with the network by establishing radio links between mobile units (MUs) and
access points.
The access point uses DSSS (direct sequence spread spectrum) to transmit digital data from one
device to another. A radio signal begins with a carrier signal that provides the base or center
frequency. The digital data signal is encoded onto carriers using a DSSS chipping algorithm. The
radio signal propagates into the air as electromagnetic waves. A receiving antenna (on the MU) in
the path of the waves absorbs the waves as electrical signals. The receiving MU interprets
(demodulates) the signal by reapplying the direct sequence chipping code. This demodulation results
in the original digital data.
The access point uses its environment (the air and certain objects) as the transmission medium.The
access point can either transmit in the 2.4 to 2.5-GHz frequency range (802.11b/g/n radio) or the
5 GHz frequency range (802.11a/n radio), the actual range is country-dependent. Motorola devices,
like other Ethernet devices, have unique, hardware encoded Media Access Control (MAC) or IEEE
addresses. MAC addresses determine the device sending or receiving data. A MAC address is a
48-bit number written as six hexadecimal bytes separated by colons. For example: 00:A0:F8:24:9A:C8
Also see the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wireless Coverage
MAC Layer Bridging
Content Filtering
DHCP Support
Media Types
Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum
MU Association Process
Operating Modes
1-21
1-22 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
•
Management Access Options
AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment
1.2.1 Wireless Coverage
An access point establishes an average communication range with MUs called a Basic Service Set
(BSS) or cell. When in a particular cell, the MU associates and communicates with the access point
supporting the radio coverage area of that cell. Adding access points to a single LAN establishes
more cells to extend the range of the network. Configuring the same ESSID (Extended Service Set
Identifier) on all access points makes them part of the same Wireless LAN.
Access points with the same ESSID define a coverage area. A valid ESSID is an alphanumeric, casesensitive identifier up to 32 characters. An MU searches for an access point with a matching ESSID
and synchronizes (associates) to establish communications. This device association allows MUs
within the coverage area to move about or roam. As the MU roams from cell to cell, it associates with
a different access point. The roam occurs when the MU analyzes the reception quality at a location
and determines a different provides better signal strength and lower MU load distribution.
If the MU does not find an access point with a workable signal, it can perform a scan to find any AP.
As MUs switch APs, the AP updates its association statistics.
The user can configure the ESSID to correspond to up to 16 WLANs on each 802.11a/n or
802.11b/g/n radio. A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a data-communications system that
flexibly extends the functionalities of a wired LAN. A WLAN does not require lining up devices for
line-of-sight transmission, and are thus, desirable. Within the WLAN, roaming users can be handed
off from one access point to another like a phone system. WLANs can therefore be configured around
the needs of specific groups of users, even when they are not in physical proximity.
1.2.2 MAC Layer Bridging
The access point provides MAC layer bridging between its interfaces. The access point monitors
traffic from its interfaces and, based on frame address, forwards the frames to the proper destination.
The access point tracks source and destination addresses to provide intelligent bridging as MUs roam
or network topologies change. The access point also handles broadcast and multicast messages and
responds to MU association requests.
The access point listens to all packets on its LAN and WAN interfaces and builds an address database
using MAC addresses. An address in the database includes the interface media that the device uses
to associate with the access point. The access point uses the database to forward packets from one
Introduction
interface to another. The bridge forwards packets addressed to unknown systems to the Default
Interface (Ethernet).
The access point internal stack interface handles all messages directed to the access point. Each
stores information on destinations and their interfaces to facilitate forwarding. When a user sends
an ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) request packet, the access point forwards it over all enabled
interfaces except over the interface the ARP request packet was received.
On receiving the ARP response packet, the access point database keeps a record of the destination
address along with the receiving interface. With this information, the access point forwards any
directed packet to the correct destination. Transmitted ARP request packets echo back to other MUs.
The access point removes from its database the destination or interface information not used for a
specified time. The AP refreshes its database when it transmits or receives data from these
destinations and interfaces.
1.2.3 Media Types
The access point radio interface conforms to IEEE 802.11 specifications. The access point supports
multiple-cell operations with fast roaming between cells. Within a direct-sequence system, each cell
can operates independently. Adding cells to the network provides an increased coverage area and
total system capacity.
The serial port provides a Command Line Interface (CLI) connection. The serial link supports a direct
serial connection. The access point is a Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) device with male pin
connectors for the RS-232 port. Connecting the access point to a PC requires a null modem serial
cable.
1.2.4 Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum
Spread spectrum (broadband) uses a narrowband signal to spread the transmission over a segment
of the radio frequency band or spectrum. Direct-sequence is a spread spectrum technique where the
transmitted signal is spread over a particular frequency range. The access point uses
Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) for radio communication.
Direct-sequence systems communicate by continuously transmitting a redundant pattern of bits
called a chipping sequence. Each bit of transmitted data is mapped into chips by the access point and
rearranged into a pseudorandom spreading code to form the chipping sequence. The chipping
sequence is combined with a transmitted data stream to produce the output signal.
MUs receiving a direct-sequence transmission use the spreading code to map the chips within the
chipping sequence back into bits to recreate the original data transmitted by the access point.
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1-24 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Intercepting and decoding a direct-sequence transmission requires a predefined algorithm to
associate the spreading code used by the transmitting access point to the receiving MU. This
algorithm is established by IEEE 802.11b specifications. The bit redundancy within the chipping
sequence enables the receiving MU to recreate the original data pattern, even if bits in the chipping
sequence are corrupted by interference.
The ratio of chips per bit is called the spreading ratio. A high spreading ratio increases the resistance
of the signal to interference. A low spreading ratio increases the bandwidth available to the user. The
access point uses different modulation schemes to encode more bits per chip at higher data rates.
1.2.5 MU Association Process
An access point recognizes MUs as they begin the association process. An access point keeps a list
of the MUs it services. MUs associate with an access point based on the following conditions:
•
•
•
•
Signal strength between the and MU
Number of MUs currently associated with the access point
MUs encryption and authentication capabilities
MUs supported data rate
MUs perform pre-emptive roaming by intermittently scanning for ’s and associating with the best
available access point. Before roaming and associating, MUs perform full or partial scans to collect
statistics and determine the direct-sequence channel used by the access point.
Scanning is a periodic process where the MU sends out probe messages on all channels defined by
the country code. The statistics enable an MU to reassociate by synchronizing its channel to the
access point. The MU continues communicating with that until it needs to switch cells or roam.
MUs perform partial scans at programmed intervals, when missing expected beacons or after
excessive transmission retries. In a partial scan, the MU scans access points classified as proximate
on the access point table. For each channel, the MU tests for Clear Channel Assessment (CCA). The
MU broadcasts a probe with the ESSID and broadcast BSS_ID when the channel is transmission-free.
It sends an ACK to a directed probe response from the access point and updates the table.
An MU can roam within a coverage area by switching access points. Roaming occurs when:
•
•
•
Unassociated MU attempts to associate or reassociate with an available access point
Supported rate changes or the MU finds a better transmit rate with another access point
RSSI (received signal strength indicator) of a potential access point exceeds the current
access point
Introduction
•
Ratio of good-transmitted packets to attempted-transmitted packets that fall below a
threshold.
An MU selects the best available access point and adjusts itself to the access point direct-sequence
channel to begin association. Once associated, the access point begins forwarding frames addressed
to the target MU. Each frame contains fields for the current direct-sequence channel. The MU uses
these fields to resynchronize to the access point.
The scanning and association process continues for active MUs. This process allows MUs to find new
access points and discard out-of-range or deactivated access points. By testing the airwaves, MUs
can choose the best network connection available.
1.2.6 Operating Modes
The access point can operate in a couple of configurations.
•
•
Access Point - As an Access Point, the access point functions as a layer 2 bridge. The wired
uplink can operate as a trunk and support multiple VLANs. Up to 16 WLANs can be defined
and mapped to access point WLANs. Each WLAN can be configured to be broadcast by one
or both access point radios. An AP-7131 can operate in both an Access Point mode and
Wireless Gateway/Router mode simultaneously. The network architecture and access point
configuration define how the Access Point and Wireless Gateway/Router mode are
negotiated.
Wireless Gateway/Router - If operating as a Wireless Gateway/Router, the access point
functions as a router between two layer 2 networks: the WAN uplink (the ethernet port) and
the Wireless side. The following options are available providing a solution for single-cell
deployment:
• PPPoE - The WAN interface can terminate a PPPoE connection, thus enabling the access
point to operate in conjunction with a DSL or Cable modem to provide WAN connectivity.
• NAT - (Network Address Translation) on the Wireless interface. Using NAT, the router is
able to manage a private IP scheme. NAT allows translation of private addresses to the
WAN IP address.
• DHCP - The access point can assign private IP addresses.
• Firewall - A Firewall protects against a number of known attacks.
1.2.7 Management Access Options
Managing the access point includes viewing network statistics and setting configuration options.
Statistics track the network activity of associated MUs and data transfers on the AP interfaces.
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1-26 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The access point requires one of the following connection methods to perform a custom installation
and manage the network:
•
•
•
Secure Java-Based WEB UI - (use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher available from Sun’s
Web site and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java Virtual Machine if installed)
Command Line Interface (CLI) via Serial, Telnet and SSH
Config file - Human-readable; Importable/Exportable via FTP and TFTP
MIB (Management Information Base) accessing the access point SNMP function using a MIB
Browser. The access point’s download site contains the following MIB files supporting the AP-7131:
•
•
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 (standard MIB file)
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB (relevant for use on an AP-7131 model access point)
Make configuration changes to access point’s individually. Optionally, use the access point
import/export configuration function to download settings to other access points.
For detailed information, see Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-46.
Introduction
1.2.8 AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment
For an AP-7131 model access point, MAC address assignments are as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
WAN (GE2) - The access point MAC address can be found underneath the access point
chassis.
LAN1 (GE1) - WAN MAC address + 1.
LAN2 - A virtual LAN not mapped to the LAN Ethernet port. This address is the lowest of the
two radio MAC addresses.
Radio1 (802.11b/g/n) - Random address located on the Web UI, CLI and SNMP interfaces.
Radio2 (802.11a/n) - Random address located on the Web UI, CLI and SNMP interfaces.
The access point’s BSS (virtual AP) MAC addresses are calculated as follows:
•
•
•
•
BSS1 - The same as the corresponding base radio’s MAC address.
BSS2 - Base radio MAC address +1
BSS3 - Base radio MAC address +2
BSS4 - Base radio MAC address +3
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1-28 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Hardware Installation
An AP-7131 access point installation includes mounting the access point, connecting the access point
to the network, connecting antennae and applying power. Installation procedures vary for different
environments. See the following sections for more details:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Precautions
Requirements
Package Contents
Access Point Placement
AP-7131 Power Options
AP-7131 Power Injector System
Mounting an AP-7131
AP-7131 LED Indicators
Setting Up MUs
2-2
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
!
CAUTION Motorola recommends conducting a radio site survey prior to
installing an access point. A site survey is an excellent method of
documenting areas of radio interference and providing a tool for
device placement.
2.1 Precautions
Before installing an AP-7131 model access point verify the following:
•
•
Do not install in wet or dusty areas without additional protection. Contact a Motorola
representative for more information.
Verify the environment has a continuous temperature range between -20° C to 50° C.
2.2 Requirements
The minimum installation requirements for a single-cell, peer-to-peer network:
•
•
•
•
An AP-7131 (either a dual or single radio model)
48 Volt Power Supply Part No. 50-14000-247R or Power Injector
(Part No. AP-PSBIAS-1P3-AFR))
A power outlet
Dual-band antennae or an antenna specifically supporting the AP’s 2.4 or 5 GHz band
2.3 Package Contents
Check package contents for the correct model AP-7131 and applicable AP-7131 accessories. Each
available configuration (at a minimum), contains:
•
•
•
•
•
AP-7131 model access point (accessories dependent on SKU ordered)
AP-7131 Install Guide
China ROHS compliance addendum
Wall mount screw and anchor kit
Accessories Bag (4 rubber feet and a LED light pipe and badge with label for above the
ceiling installations)
Contact the Motorola Support Center to report missing or improperly functioning items.
Hardware Installation
NOTE The access point façade with 6 Element Antenna (Part No.
ML-2452-PTA2M3X3-1) is separately orderable and provides an
integrated antenna option. The facade connects to the access point as
illustrated. Once attached, the AP-7131’s LEDs continue to illuminate
through the facade. Contact your Motorola sales associate for
information on ordering a facade with your AP-7131.
2.4 Access Point Placement
For optimal performance, install the access point away from transformers, heavy-duty motors,
fluorescent lights, microwave ovens, refrigerators and other industrial equipment. Signal loss can
occur when metal, concrete, walls or floors block transmission. Install the access point in an open
area or add access points as needed to improve coverage.
Antenna coverage is analogous to lighting. Users might find an area lit from far away to be not bright
enough. An area lit sharply might minimize coverage and create dark areas. Uniform antenna
placement in an area (like even placement of a light bulb) provides even, efficient coverage.
Place the access point using the following guidelines:
2-3
2-4
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
•
•
Install the access point at an ideal height of 10 feet from the ground.
Orient the access point antennas vertically for best reception.
Point the access point antennas downward if attaching to the ceiling.
To maximize the access point’s radio coverage area, Motorola recommends conducting a site survey
to define and document radio interference obstacles before installing the access point.
2.4.1 Site Surveys
A site survey analyzes the installation environment and provides users with recommendations for
equipment and placement. The optimum placement of 802.11a/n access points differs from
802.11b/g/n access points, because the locations and number of access points required are different
to support the radio coverage area.
Motorola recommends conducting a new site survey and developing a new coverage area floor plan
when switching from legacy access points (AP-5131 and AP-5181 models) to a new AP-7131 model,
as the device placement requirements could be significantly different.
2.4.2 Antenna Options
Motorola supports two antenna suites for the AP-7131. One antenna suite supporting the 2.4 GHz
band and another antenna suite supporting the 5 GHz band. Select an antenna model best suited to
the intended operational environment of your AP-7131.
NOTE On a single-radio AP-7131, Radio 1 can be configured to be either a 2.4
GHz or 5 GHz radio. On a dual-radio model, Radio 1 refers to the
AP-7131’s 2.4 GHz radio and Radio 2 refers to the AP-7131 5 GHz radio.
However, there could be some cases where a dual-radio AP-7131 is
performing a Rogue AP detector function. In this scenario, the AP-7131 is
receiving in either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz over the Radio 1 or Radio 2 antennae
depending on which radio is selected for the scan.
Antenna connectors for single radio model AP-7131s are located on the same side of the access point
as the LAN and WAN port connections (GE1/POE and GE2). On single radio versions, the R-SMA
connectors can support both bands and should be connected to a R-SMA dual-band antenna or an
appropriate single band antenna. If necessary a R-SMA to R-BNC adapter (Part No. 25-72178-01) can
be purchased separately from Motorola.
Hardware Installation
R1 defines the AP-7131’s radio 1 antenna connectors and R2 defines the AP-7131’s radio 2 antenna
connectors.
The AP-7131 2.4 GHz antenna suite includes the following models:
Part No.
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-2499-11PNA2-01R
Wide Angle Directional
8.5
ML-2499-HPA3-01R
Omni-Directional Antenna
3.3
ML-2499-BYGA2-01R
Yagi Antenna
13.9
ML-2452-APA2-01
Dual-Band
3.0
ML-2452-PTA2M3X3-1
Facade with 6 Element
Antenna Module
2.0
ML-2452-PTA3M3-036
3 Port MIMO Antenna
3.0
NOTE An additional adapter is required to use ML-2499-11PNA2-01 and
ML-2499-BYGA2-01 model antennae. Please contact Motorola for more
information.
2-5
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The AP-7131 5 GHz antenna suite includes the following models:
Part No.
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-5299-WPNA1-01R
Panel Antenna
13.0
ML-5299-HPA1-01R
Wide-Band Omni-Directional
Antenna
5.0
ML-2452-APA2-0
Dual-Band
4.0
ML-2452-PTA2M3X3-1
Facade with 6 Element Antenna 2.0
Module
ML-2452-PTA3M3-036
3 Port MIMO Antenna
3.0
For detailed specifications on the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz antennae mentioned in this section, see section
2.4 GHz Antenna Matrix on page A-4 and section 5 GHz Antenna Matrix on page A-4. For a more
exhaustive overview of the antennas and associated components supported by the Motorola access
point family, refer to the Enterprise Wireless LAN Antenna Specification Guide available at
http://support.symbol.com/support/product/manuals.do.
2.5 AP-7131 Power Options
The power options for the AP-7131 include:
•
•
!
AP-7131 48-Volt Power Supply (Part No. 50-14000-247R)
AP-7131 Power Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-1P3-AFR)
CAUTION An AP-7131 model access point cannot use the AP-5131
recommended 48-Volt Power Supply (Part No. 50-14000-243R), and
must use the 48-Volt Power Supply designed specifically for use with
an AP-7131 (Part No. 50-14000-247R). Additionally, a new single-port
Power of Ethernet Power Injector is available for use with the AP-7131
(Part No. AP-PSBIAS-1P3-AFR). Only these two powering solutions
should be used with the AP-7131.
Hardware Installation
2.6 AP-7131 Power Injector System
An AP-7131 access point can receive power via an Ethernet cable connected to the access point’s
GE1/POE (LAN) port. When users purchase a WLAN solution, they often need to place access points
in obscure locations. In the past, a dedicated power source was required for each access point in
addition to the Ethernet infrastructure. This often required an electrical contractor to install power
drops at each access point location.
The AP-7131 Power Injector merges power and Ethernet into one cable, reducing the burden of
installation and allowing optimal access point placement in respect to the intended coverage area.
The Power Injector is included in certain AP-7131 product SKUs. The Power Injector
(Part No. AP-PSBIAS-1P3-AFR) is a high power POE Injector delivering up to 30 watts. The access
point can only use a Power Injector when connecting the unit to the access point’s GE1/POE port.
!
CAUTION The access point supports any standards-based compliant power
source (including non-Motorola power sources). However, using the
wrong solution (including a POE system used on a legacy Motorola
access point) could either limit functionality or severely damage the
AP-7131 and void the product warranty.
A separate Power Injector is required for each AP-7131 comprising the network.
2-7
2-8
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2.6.1 Installing the Power Injector
Refer to the following sections for information on planning, installing, and validating the installation:
•
•
Preparing for Site Installation
Cabling the Power Injector
2.6.1.1 Preparing for Site Installation
The Power Injector can be installed free standing, on an even horizontal surface or wall mounted
using the unit’s wall mounting key holes. The following guidelines should be adhered to before
cabling the Power Injector to an Ethernet source and an AP-7131:
•
•
•
!
Do not block or cover airflow to the Power Injector
Keep the unit away from excessive heat, humidity, vibration and dust.
The Power Injector is not a repeater, and does not amplify the Ethernet data signal. For
optimal performance, ensure the unit is placed as close as possible to the network data port.
CAUTION To avoid problematic performance and restarts, disable POE from a
wired switch port connected to an AP-7131 if mid-span power
sourcing equipment (PSE) is used between the two, regardless of the
manufacturer of the switch.
2.6.1.2 Cabling the Power Injector
To install a Power Injector to an Ethernet data source and an access point:
!
CAUTION Ensure AC power is supplied to the Power Injector using an AC cable
with an appropriate ground connection approved for the country of
operation.
1. Connect an RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host) and the Power
Injector’s Data In connector.
2. Connect an RJ-45 Ethernet cable between the Power Injector’s Data & Power Out connect
connect or and the AP-7131’s GE1/POE port.
!
CAUTION Cabling the Power Injector to the access point’s WAN port (GE2 port)
renders the access point non-operational. Only use a Power Injector
with the access point’s GE1/POE port.
Hardware Installation
Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source (host) to the Power Injector and access
point does not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The Power Injector has no On/Off power switch.
The Power Injector receives power and is ready for AP-7131 device connection and
operation as soon as AC power is applied. Refer to the Installation Guide shipped with the
Power Injector for a description of the device’s LED behavior.
3. Verify all cable connections are complete before supplying power to the access point.
2.7 Mounting an AP-7131
The AP-7131 can attach to a wall, mount under a suspended T-Bar or above a ceiling (plenum or attic).
Choose one of the following mounting options based on the physical environment of the coverage
area. Do not mount the AP-7131 in a location that has not been approved in a site survey.
Refer to the following, depending on how you intend to mount the AP-7131:
•
•
•
Wall Mounted Installations
Suspended Ceiling T-Bar Installations
Above the Ceiling (Plenum) Installations
2.7.1 Wall Mounted Installations
Wall mounting requires hanging the AP-7131 along its width (or length) using the pair of slots on the
bottom of the unit and using the AP-7131 mounting template for the screws.
!
CAUTION An AP-7131 should be wall mounted to concrete or plaster-wall-board
(dry wall) only. Do not wall mount an AP-7131 to combustible
surfaces.
The hardware and tools (customer provided) required to install the AP-7131 on a wall consists of:
•
•
•
•
Two Phillips pan head self-tapping screws (ANSI Standard) #6-18 X 0.875in. Type A or AB
Self-Tapping screw, or (ANSI Standard Metric) M3.5 X 0.6 X 20mm Type D Self-Tapping
screw
Two wall anchors
Wall mount template (included on next page)
Security cable (optional)
To mount the AP-7131 on a wall using the provided template:
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Hardware Installation
1. Xerox copy the template (on the previous page) to a blank piece of paper. Do not reduce or
enlarge the scale of the template.
!
CAUTION If printing the mounting template (on the previous page) from an
electronic PDF, dimensionally confirm the template by measuring each
value for accuracy.
2. Tape the template to the wall mounting surface.
• If the installation requires the antenna be positioned vertically, the centerline reference
(of the template) needs to be positioned vertically. The cabling shall exit the access point
in a vertical direction.
• If the installation requires the antenna be positioned horizontally, the vertical centerline
(of the template) needs to be positioned horizontally. The cabling shall exit the access
point in a horizontal direction.
3. At mounting targets A and B, mark the mounting surface through the template at the target
center.
4. Discard the mounting template.
5. At each point, drill a hole in the wall, insert an anchor, screw into the anchor the wall
mounting screw and stop when there is 1mm between the screw head and the wall.
If pre-drilling a hole, the recommended hole size is 2.8mm (0.11in.) if the screws are going
directly into the wall and 6mm (0.23in.) if wall anchors are being used.
6. If required, install and attach a security cable to the AP-7131 lock port.
7. Attach the antennas to their correct connectors.
For more information on the antennas available to the AP-7131, see Antenna Options on
page 2-4.
8. Place the large center opening of each of the mount slots over the screw heads.
9. Slide the AP-7131 down along the mounting surface to hang the mount slots on the screw
heads.
!
CAUTION Ensure you are placing the antennas on the correct connectors
(depending on your single or dual-radio model and frequency used) to
ensure the successful operation of the AP-7131.
NOTE It is recommended the AP-7131 be mounted with the RJ45 cable
connector oriented upwards or downwards to ensure proper operation.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
10. Cable the AP-7131 using either the Power Injector solution or an approved line cord and
power supply.
For Power Injector installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host)
and the Power Injector Data In connector.
b. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the Power Injector Data &
Power Out connector and the AP-7131 GE1/POE port.
c. Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source to the Power Injector and AP-7131 does
not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The Power Injector has no On/Off power switch. The
Power Injector receives power as soon as AC power is applied. For more information on
using the Power Injector, see AP-7131 Power Injector System on page 2-7.
For standard 48-Volt Power Adapter (Part No. 50-14000-247R) and line cord installations:
a. Connect RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host)
and the AP-7131 GE1/POE port.
b. Verify the power adapter is correctly rated according the country of operation.
c. Connect the power supply line cord to the power adapter.
d. Attach the power adapter cable into the power connector on the AP-7131.
e. Plug the power adapter into an outlet.
11. Verify the behavior of the AP-7131 LEDs. For more information, see AP-7131 LED Indicators
on page 2-17.
The AP-7131 is ready to configure. For information on an AP-7131 default configuration, see
Getting Started on page 3-1. For specific details on AP-7131 system configurations, see
System Configuration on page 4-1.
2.7.2 Suspended Ceiling T-Bar Installations
A suspended ceiling mount requires holding the AP-7131 up against the T-bar of a suspended ceiling
grid, and twisting the AP-7131 chassis onto the T-bar.
The mounting tools (customer provided) and hardware required to install the AP-7131 on a ceiling
T-bar consists of:
•
•
Safety wire (recommended and customer supplied)
Security cable (and customer supplied)
To install the AP-7131 on a ceiling T-bar:
Hardware Installation
1. Motorola recommends you loop a safety wire—with a diameter of at least 1.01 mm (.04 in.),
but no more than 0.158 mm (.0625 in.) —through the tie post (above the AP-7131’s console
connector) and secure the loop.
2. If desired, install and attach a security cable to the AP-7131 lock port.
3. Attach the radio antennas to their correct connectors.
For more information on the antennas available to the AP-7131, see Antenna Options on
page 2-4.
4. Cable the AP-7131 using either the AP-7131 Power Injector solution or the AP-7131
approved power supply.
!
CAUTION Do not supply power to the AP-7131 until the cabling of the unit is
complete.
For Power Injector installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host)
and the Power Injector Data In connector.
b. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the Power Injector Data &
Power Out connector and the AP-7131 GE1/POE port.
c. Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source to the Power Injector and AP-7131 does
not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The Power Injector has no On/Off power switch. The
Power Injector receives power as soon as AC power is applied. For more information on
using the Power Injector, see AP-7131 Power Injector System on page 2-7.
For standard 48-Volt Power Adapter (Part No. 50-14000-247R) and line cord installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host)
and the AP-7131 GE1/POE port.
b. Verify the power adapter is correctly rated according the country of operation.
c. Connect the power supply line cord to the power adapter.
d. Attach the power adapter cable into the power connector on the AP-7131.
e. Plug the power adapter into an outlet.
5. Verify the behavior of the AP-7131 LEDs. For more information, see AP-7131 LED Indicators
on page 2-17.
6. Align the bottom of the ceiling T-bar with the back of the AP-7131.
7. Orient the AP-7131 chassis by its length and the length of the ceiling T-bar.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8. Rotate the AP-7131 chassis 45 degrees clockwise.
9. Push the back of the AP-7131 chassis on to the bottom of the ceiling T-bar.
!
CAUTION Ensure the safety wire and cabling used in the T-Bar AP-7131
installation is securely fastened to the building structure in order to
provide a safe operating environment.
10. Rotate the AP-7131 chassis 45 degrees counter-clockwise. The clips click as they fasten to
the T-bar.
11. The AP-7131 is ready to configure. For information on an AP-7131 default configuration, see
Getting Started on page 3-1. For specific details on AP-7131 system configurations, see
System Configuration on page 4-1.
2.7.3 Above the Ceiling (Plenum) Installations
An AP-7131 above the ceiling installation requires placing the AP-7131 above a suspended ceiling
and installing the provided light pipe under the ceiling tile for viewing the rear panel status LEDs of
Hardware Installation
the unit. An above the ceiling AP-7131 installation enables installations compliant with drop ceilings,
suspended ceilings and industry standard tiles from .625 to .75 inches thick.
NOTE The AP-7131 is Plenum rated to UL2043 and NEC1999 to support above
the ceiling installations.
!
CAUTION Motorola does not recommend mounting the AP-7131 directly to any
suspended ceiling tile with a thickness less than 12.7mm (0.5in.) or a
suspended ceiling tile with an unsupported span greater than 660mm
(26in.). Motorola strongly recommends fitting the AP-7131 with a
safety wire suitable for supporting the weight of the device. The
safety wire should be a standard ceiling suspension cable or
equivalent steel wire between 1.59mm (.062in.) and 2.5mm (.10in.) in
diameter.
The mounting hardware required to install the AP-7131 above a ceiling consists of:
•
•
•
•
•
Light pipe
Badge for light pipe
Decal for badge
Safety wire (strongly recommended)
Security cable (optional)
To install the AP-7131 above a ceiling:
1. If possible, remove the adjacent ceiling tile from its frame and place it aside.
2. Install a safety wire, between 1.5mm (.06in.) and 2.5mm (.10in.) in diameter, in the ceiling
space.
3. If required, install and attach a security cable to the AP-7131’s lock port.
4. Mark a point on the finished side of the tile where the light pipe is to be located.
5. Create a light pipe path hole in the target position on the ceiling tile.
6. Use a drill to make a hole in the tile the approximate size of the AP-7131 LED light pipe.
!
CAUTION Motorola recommends care be taken not to damage the finished
surface of the ceiling tile when creating the light pipe hole and
installing the light pipe.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
7. Remove the light pipe’s rubber stopper before installing the light pipe.
8. Connect the light pipe to the bottom of the AP-7131. Align the tabs and rotate approximately
90 degrees. Do not over tighten
9. Fit the light pipe into hole in the tile from its unfinished side.
10. Place the decal on the back of the badge and slide the badge onto the light pipe from the
finished side of the tile.
11. Attach the radio antennas to their correct connectors.
For more information on the antennas available to the AP-7131, see Antenna Options on
page 2-4.
12. Motorola recommends attaching safety wire to the AP-7131 safety wire tie point or security
cable (if used) to the AP-7131’s lock port.
13. Align the ceiling tile into its former ceiling space.
14. Cable the AP-7131 using either the Power Injector solution or an approved line cord and
power supply.
!
CAUTION Do not supply power to the AP-7131 until the cabling of the unit is
complete.
For Power Injector installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host)
and the Power Injector Data In connector.
Hardware Installation
b. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the Power Injector Data &
Power Out connector and the AP-7131 GE1/POE port.
c. Ensure the cable length from the Ethernet source to the Power Injector and AP-7131 does
not exceed 100 meters (333 ft). The Power Injector has no On/Off power switch. The
Power Injector receives power as soon as AC power is applied. For more information on
using the Power Injector, see AP-7131 Power Injector System on page 2-7.
For standard 48-Volt Power Adapter (Part No. 50-14000-247R) and line cord installations:
a. Connect a RJ-45 CAT5e (or CAT6) Ethernet cable between the network data supply (host)
and the AP-7131 GE1/POE port.
b. Verify the power adapter is correctly rated according the country of operation.
c. Connect the power supply line cord to the power adapter.
d. Attach the power adapter cable into the power connector on the AP-7131.
e. Plug the power adapter into an outlet.
15. Verify the behavior of the AP-7131 LED lightpipe. For more information, see AP-7131 LED
Indicators on page 2-17.
16. Place the ceiling tile back in its frame and verify it is secure.
The AP-7131 is ready to configure. For information on an AP-7131 default configuration, see
Getting Started on page 3-1. For specific details on AP-7131 system configurations, see
System Configuration on page 4-1.
2.8 AP-7131 LED Indicators
Five LEDs illuminate on the front of the AP-7131 (on top of the AP-7131 housing) for dual radios
models and four illuminate for single radio models. One LED (for above the ceiling installations) is
located on the back of the device.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
NOTE The LED blink rate is proportional to activity. The busiest traffic
corresponds to the fastest blink, while the slowest traffic corresponds to
slowest blink.
NOTE Depending on how the 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz radios are configured, the LEDs
will blink at different intervals between amber and yellow (5 GHz radio)
and emerald and yellow (2.4 GHz radio).
The LEDs on the top housing of the AP-7131 are clearly visible in wall and below ceiling installations.
The top housing LEDs have the following display and functionality:
Hardware Installation
2.8.1 Dual Radio (2.4/5 GHz) AP-7131
A dual radio (2.4/5 Ghz) model AP-7131 has the following unique LED behavior:
LED 1
LED 2
LED 3
Blinking Red
indicates
booting. Solid
Red defines a
failure
condition.
White
defines
normal
operation
Green
defines
normal GE1
operation.
Yellow
defines a
collision
Green
defines
normal GE2
operation.
Yellow
defines a
collision
LED 4 - 5 GHz LED 5 - 2.4 GHz
Amber
defines 5 GHz
radio as
configured.
When
functioning as
a sensor, LED
alternates
between
Amber and
Yellow.
The blink
interval is 0.5
seconds.
Emerald
defines 2.4
GHz radio as
configured.
When
functioning as
a sensor, LED
alternates
between
Emerald and
Yellow.
The blink
interval is 0.5
seconds.
LED 6
Not used
2.8.2 Single Radio 2.4 GHz AP-7131 LEDs
The single 2.4 Ghz radio model AP-7131 has the following unique LED behavior:
LED 1
LED 2
LED 3
Blinking Red
indicates
booting. Solid
Red defines a
failure
condition.
White
defines
normal
operation
Green
defines
normal GE1
operation.
Yellow
defines a
collision
Green
defines
normal GE2
operation.
Yellow
defines a
collision
LED 4 - 5 GHz LED 5 - 2.4 GHz
Off
Emerald
defines 2.4
GHz radio as
configured.
When
functioning as
a sensor, LED
alternates
between
Emerald and
Yellow.
The blink
interval is 0.5
seconds.
LED 6
Not used
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2.8.3 Single Radio 5 GHz AP-7131 LEDs
The single 5 Ghz radio model AP-7131 has the following unique LED behavior:
LED 1
LED 2
LED 3
Blinking Red
indicates
booting. Solid
Red defines a
failure
condition.
White
defines
normal
operation
Green
defines
normal GE1
operation.
Yellow
defines a
collision
Green
defines
normal GE2
operation.
Yellow
defines a
collision
LED 4 - 5 GHz LED 5 - 2.4 GHz
Amber
defines 5 GHz
radio as
configured.
When
functioning as
a sensor, LED
alternates
between
Amber and
Yellow.
The blink
interval is 0.5
seconds.
Off
LED 6
Not used
2.8.4 Rear AP-7131 LED
The LED on the rear (bottom) of the AP-7131 is viewed using a single (customer installed) extended
light pipe, adjusted as required to suit above the ceiling installations. The LED displayed using the
light pipe has the following color display and functionality:
LED 7
Blinking Red indicates booting.
Solid Red defines a failure condition.
White defines normal operation.
Hardware Installation
2.9 Setting Up MUs
2.9.1 Legacy MUs
For a discussion of how to initially test the access point to ensure it can interoperate with the MUs
intended for its operational environment, see Basic Device Configuration on page 3-4 and specifically
Testing Connectivity on page 3-14.
Refer to the LA-5030 & LA-5033 Wireless Networker PC Card and PCI Adapter Users Guide, available
from the Motorola Web site, for installing drivers and client software if operating in an 802.11a/g
network environment.
Refer to the Spectrum24 LA-4121 PC Card, LA-4123 PCI Adapter & LA-4137 Wireless Networker User
Guide, available from the Motorola Web site, for installing drivers and client software if operating in
an 802.11b network environment.
Use the default values for the ESSID and other configuration parameters until the network connection
is verified. MUs attach to the network and interact with the AP transparently.
2.9.2 802.11n MUs
Third-party 802.11n clients can connect to a Motorola AP-7131 using default settings with no
additional user intervention. However, there could be instances where the specific (highperformance) 802.11n settings cannot be sustained due to adverse radio traffic conditions within the
network. When this occurs, Motorola recommends changing the Windows XP settings so the adapter
can use settings defined for legacy (802.11a/bg) adapter operation. Once network conditions
improve, use Windows XP to re-enable the adapter for 802.11n support.
To change the AP-7131’s settings to support legacy 802.11a/bg operation (using Windows XP):
1. Select My Network Places.
2. Right-click and select Properties. The Network Connections screen displays.
3. Select (right-click on) the adapter supporting 802.11n operation with the AP-7131 and select
Properties.
4. Click on the Configure button.
The Network Connection screen displays supporting the 802.11n adapter.
5. Select the Advanced tab.
6. Select 802.11n Network from the Property field and select either Enable or Disable from
the Value drop-down menu.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Select Disable when the 802.11n rate settings and performance values defined on the
AP-7131 cannot be sustained (due to network congestion or interference). Once network
conditions improve to the point where 802.11n traffic can be sustained, enable the 802.11n
Network parameter once again.
NOTE If re-enabling the adapter for 802.11 support, ensure additional 802.11n
settings (Aggregation, Channel Width, Guard Interval etc.) are also
enabled to ensure optimal operation.
7. Click OK to save the updates to the adapter’s configuration.
Getting Started
The access point should be installed in an area tested for radio coverage using one of the site survey
tools available to the field service technician. Once an installation site has been identified, the
installer should carefully follow the hardware precautions, requirements, mounting guidelines and
power options outlined in Hardware Installation.
See the following sections for more details:
•
•
•
Installing the Access Point
Configuration Options
Basic Device Configuration
3.1 Installing the Access Point
Make the required cable and power connections before mounting the access point in its final
operating position. Test the access point with an associated MU before mounting and securing the
access point. Carefully follow the mounting instructions in one of the following sections to ensure the
AP-7131 access point is installed correctly:
3-2
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
•
•
For instructions on mounting a AP-7131 to a wall, see Wall Mounted Installations on page 2-9.
For instructions on mounting an AP-7131 to a ceiling T-bar, see Suspended Ceiling T-Bar
Installations on page 2-12.
For instructions on installing the AP-7131 in an above the ceiling attic space, see Above the
Ceiling (Plenum) Installations on page 2-14.
For information on the antenna suite available to the access point, see Antenna Options on page 2-4.
For more information on using a Power Injector to combine Ethernet and power in one cable to an
AP-7131 model access point, see AP-7131 Power Injector System on page 2-7. To verify AP-7131 LED
behavior once installed, see AP-7131 LED Indicators on page 2-17.
3.2 Configuration Options
Once installed and powered, an AP-7131 can be configured using one of several connection techniques.
Managing the access point includes viewing network statistics and setting configuration options. The
access point requires one of the following connection methods to manage the network:
•
•
•
•
Secure Java-Based WEB UI - (use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher available from Sun’s
Web site. Disable Microsoft’s Java Virtual Machine if installed). For information on using the
Web UI to set access point default configuration, see Basic Device Configuration on page 3-4
or chapters 4 through 7 of this guide.
Command Line Interface (CLI) via Serial, Telnet and SSH. The access point CLI is accessed
through the RS232 port, via Telnet or SSH. The CLI follows the same configuration conventions
as the device user interface with a few documented exceptions. For details on using the CLI to
manage the access point, see CLI Reference on page 8-1.
Config file - Readable text file; Importable/Exportable via FTP, TFTP and HTTP. Configuration
settings for an access point can be downloaded from the current configuration of another
access point meeting the import/export requirements. For information on importing or
exporting configuration files, see Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-46.
MIB (Management Information Base) accessing the access point SNMP functions using a MIB
Browser. The AP-7131 access point download package contains the following 2 MIB files:
• Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
• Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Getting Started
3.3 Initially Connecting to the Access Point
NOTE The procedures described below assume this is the first time you are
connecting to an AP-7131 model access point.
NOTE The computer being used should be configured to use the same IP address
and subnet mask as the AP-7131.
3.3.1 Connecting to the Access Point using the WAN Port
To initially connect to the access point using the access point’s WAN port:
1. Connect AC power to the access point, as Power-Over-Ether support is not available on the
access point’s WAN (or GE2) port.
2. Start a browser and enter the access point’s static IP address (10.1.1.1). The default
password is “motorola.”
3. Refer to Basic Device Configuration on page 3-4 for instructions on the initial (basic)
configuration of the access point.
3.3.2 Connecting to the Access Point using the LAN Port
To initially connect to the access point using the access point’s LAN port:
1. The LAN (or GE1/POE) port default is set to DHCP. Connect the access point’s GE1/POE port
to a DHCP server.
The access point will receive its IP address automatically.
2. To view the IP address, connect one end of a null modem serial cable to the access point and
the other end to the serial port of a computer running HyperTerminal or similar emulation
program.
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3-4
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
3. Configure the following settings:
• Baud Rate - 19200
• Data Bits - 8
• Stop Bits - 1
• No Parity
• No Flow Control
4. Press <ESC> or <Enter> to access the access point CLI.
5. Enter the default username of “admin” and the default password of “motorola.”
As this is the first time you are logging into the access point, you are prompted to enter a
new password and set the county code. Refer to Country Codes on page A-6 for a list of each
available countries two digit country code.
6. At the CLI prompt (admin>), type “summary.”
The access point’s LAN IP address will display.
7. Using a Web browser, use the access point’s IP address to access the access point.
8. Refer to Basic Device Configuration on page 3-4 for instructions on the initial (basic)
configuration of the access point.
3.4 Basic Device Configuration
For the basic setup described in this section, the Java-based Web UI will be used to configure the
access point. Use the access point’s LAN interface for establishing a link with the access point.
Configure the access point as a DHCP client. For optimal screen resolution, set your screen resolution
to 1024 x 768 pixels or greater.
1. Log in using admin as the default Username and motorola as the default Password. Use
your new password if it has been updated from default.
NOTE For optimum compatibility, use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher
(available from Sun’s Website), and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java
Virtual Machine if installed.
Getting Started
2. If the default login is successful, the Change Admin Password window displays. Change
the password.
Enter the current password and a new admin password in fields provided. Click Apply. Once
the admin password has been updated, a warning message displays stating the access point
must be set to a country.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The export function will always export the encrypted Admin User password. The import
function will import the Admin Password only if the access point is set to factory default. If
the access point is not configured to factory default settings, the Admin User password WILL
NOT get imported.
.
NOTE Though the access point can have its basic settings defined using a
number of different screens, Motorola recommends using the access
point Quick Setup screen to set the correct country of operation and
define its minimum required configuration from one convenient location.
3.4.1 Configuring Device Settings
Configure a set of minimum required device settings within the Quick Setup screen. The values
defined within the Quick Setup screen are also configurable in numerous other locations within the
menu tree. When you change the settings in the Quick Setup screen, the values also change within
the screen where these parameters also exist. Additionally, if the values are updated in these other
screens, the values initially set within the Quick Setup screen will be updated.
To define a basic access point configuration:
1. Select System Configuration -> Quick Setup from the menu tree, if the Quick Setup
screen is not already displayed.
2. Enter a System Name for the access point.
Getting Started
The System Name is useful if multiple devices are being administered.
3. Select the Country for the access point’s country of operation from the drop-down menu
The access point prompts the user for the correct country code on the first login. A warning
message also displays stating that an incorrect country settings may result in illegal radio
operation. Selecting the correct country is central to legally operating the access point. Each
country has its own regulatory restrictions concerning electromagnetic emissions and the
maximum RF signal strength that can be transmitted. To ensure compliance with national
and local laws, be sure to set the country accurately. CLI and MIB users cannot configure
their access point until a two character country code (for example, United States - us) is set.
Refer to Appendix A, Country Codes on page A-6 for the two character country codes.
NOTE The System Name and Country are also configurable within the System
Settings screen. Refer to Configuring System Settings on page 4-2 (if
necessary) to set a system location and admin email address for the
access point or to view other default settings.
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3-8
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4. Optionally enter the IP address of the server used to provide system time to the access point
within the Time Server field.
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address. The user is required
to enter a numerical IP address.
Once the IP address is entered, the access point’s Network Time Protocol (NTP) functionality
is engaged automatically. Refer to the access point Product Reference Guide for information
on defining alternate time servers and setting a synchronization interval for the access point
to adjust its displayed time. Refer to Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41
(if necessary) for information on setting alternate time servers and setting a synchronization
interval for the access point to adjust its displayed time.
5. Click the WAN tab to set a minimum set of parameters for using the WAN interface.
a. Select the Enable WAN Interface checkbox to enable a connection between the
access point and a larger network or outside world through the WAN port. Disable this
option to effectively isolate the access point’s WAN connection. No connections to a
larger network or the Internet will be possible. MUs cannot communicate beyond the
configured subnets.
b. Select the This Interface is a DHCP Client checkbox to enable DHCP for the access
point’s WAN connection. This is useful, if the larger corporate network or Internet
Service Provider (ISP) uses DHCP. DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP
address allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters from a DHCP
server to a host. Some of these parameters are IP address, network mask, and gateway.
NOTE Motorola recommends that the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
c. Specify an IP address for the access point’s WAN connection. An IP address uses a
series of four numbers expressed in dot notation, for example, 190.188.12.1 (no DNS
names supported).
d. Specify a Subnet Mask for the access point’s WAN connection. This number is
available from the ISP for a DSL or cable-modem connection, or from an administrator if
the access point connects to a larger network. A subnet mask uses a series of four
numbers expressed in dot notation. For example, 255.255.255.0 is a valid subnet mask.
Getting Started
e. Define a Default Gateway address for the access point’s WAN connection. The ISP or
a network administrator provides this address.
f. Specify the address of a Primary DNS Server. The ISP or a network administrator
provides this address.
6. Optionally, use the Enable PPP over Ethernet checkbox to enable Point-to-Point Protocol
over Ethernet (PPPoE) for a high-speed connection that supports this protocol. Most DSL
providers are currently using or deploying this protocol. PPPoE is a data-link protocol for
dialup connections. PPPoE will allow the access point to use a broadband modem (DSL,
cable modem, etc.) for access to high-speed data networks.
a. Select the Keep Alive checkbox to enable occasional communications over the WAN
port even when client communications to the WAN are idle. Some ISPs terminate
inactive connections, while others do not. In either case, enabling Keep-Alive maintains
the WAN connection, even when there is no traffic. If the ISP drops the connection after
the idle time, the access point automatically reestablishes the connection to the ISP.
b. Specify the Username entered when connecting to the ISP. When the Internet session
begins, the ISP authenticates the username.
c. Specify the Password entered when connecting to the ISP. When the Internet session
starts, the ISP authenticates the password.
For additional access point WAN port configuration options, see Configuring WAN Settings
on page 5-16.
7. Click the LAN tab to set a minimum set of parameters to use the access point LAN interface.
a. Select the Enable LAN Interface checkbox to forward data traffic over the access
point’s LAN connection. The LAN connection is enabled by default.
b. Use the This Interface drop-down menu to specify how network address information
is defined over the access point’s LAN connection. Select DHCP Client if the larger
corporate network uses DHCP. DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP
address allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters from a DHCP
server to a host. Some of these parameters are IP address, network mask, and gateway.
Select DHCP Server to use the access point as a DHCP server over the LAN connection.
Select the Bootp client option to enable a diskless system to discover its own IP
address.
.
NOTE Motorola recommends that the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
c. If using the static or DHCP Server option, enter the network-assigned IP Address of the
access point.
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address for the access point.
The user is required to enter a numerical IP address.
d. The Subnet Mask defines the size of the subnet. The first two sets of numbers specify
the network domain, the next set specifies the subset of hosts within a larger network.
These values help divide a network into subnetworks and simplify routing and data
transmission.
e. If using the static or DHCP Server option, enter a Default Gateway to define the
numerical IP address of a router the access point uses on the Ethernet as its default
gateway.
f. If using the static or DHCP Server option, enter the Primary DNS Server numerical IP
address.
g. If using the DHCP Server option, use the Address Assignment Range parameter to
specify a range of IP address reserved for mapping clients to IP addresses. If a manually
(static) mapped IP address is within the IP address range specified, that IP address could
still be assigned to another client. To avoid this, ensure all statically mapped IP
addresses are outside of the IP address range assigned to the DHCP server.
For additional access point LAN port configuration options, see Configuring the LAN
Interface on page 5-1.
8. Enable the radio(s) using the Enable checkbox(es) within the Radio Configuration field. If
using a single radio access point, enable the radio, then select either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz from
the RF Band of Operation field. Only one RF band option at a time is permissible in a
single-radio model. If using a dual-radio model, the user can enable both RF bands. For
additional radio configuration options, see Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio
on page 5-57.
9. Select the WLAN #1 tab (WLANs 1 - 4 are available within the Quick Setup screen) to define
its ESSID and security scheme for basic operation.
NOTE A maximum of 16 WLANs are configurable within the Wireless
Configuration screen. The limitation of 16 WLANs exists regardless of
whether the access point is a single or dual-radio model.
Getting Started
a. Enter the Extended Services Set Identification (ESSID) and name associated with the
WLAN. For additional information on creating and editing up to 16 WLANs per access
point, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
b. Use the Available On checkboxes to define whether the target WLAN is operating in
the 2.4 or 5 GHz radio band. Ensure the radio selected has been enabled (see step 8).
10. Once the WLAN’s radio designations have been made, the radio must be configured in
respect to intended 2.4 or 5 GHz radio traffic and the antennas used. Refer to
Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Radio Configuration -> Radio1 (or Radio2),
and configure the Radio Settings field (at a minimum). If you know the radio’s Properties,
Performance and Beacon Settings, those fields can also be defined at this time.
Define the Channel Settings, Power Level and 802.11 mode in respect to the 2.4 or 5 GHz
802.11b/g/n or 802.11a/n radio traffic and anticipated gain of the antennas.
!
CAUTION Only a qualified wireless network administrator should set the
access point radio configuration. Refer to Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57 for an
understanding of configurable radio values and their implications.
NOTE Even an access point configured with minimal values must protect its data
against theft and corruption. A security policy should be configured for
WLAN1 as part of the basic configuration outlined in this guide. A security
policy can be configured for the WLAN from within the Quick Setup
screen. Policies can be defined over time and saved to be used as needed
as security requirements change. Motorola recommends you familiarize
yourself with the security options available on the access point before
defining a security policy. Refer to Configuring WLAN Security Settings on
page 3-11.
11. Click Apply to save any changes to the access point Quick Setup screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
12. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the access point Quick Setup screen to the last saved configuration.
3.4.1.1 Configuring WLAN Security Settings
To configure a basic security policy for a WLAN:
1. From the access point Quick Setup screen, click the Create button to the right of the Security
Policy item.
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The New Security Policy screen displays with the Manually Pre-shared key/No
authentication and No Encryption options selected. Naming and saving such a policy (as
is) would provide no security and might only make sense in a guest network wherein no
sensitive data is either transmitted or received. Consequently, at a minimum, a basic
security scheme (in this case WEP 128) is recommended in a network environment wherein
sensitive data is transmitted.
NOTE For information on configuring the other encryption and authentication
options available to the access point, see Configuring Security Options on
page 6-2.
2. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
Multiple WLANs can share the same security policy, so be careful not to name security
policies after specific WLANs or risk defining a WLAN to single policy. Motorola
recommends naming the policy after the attributes of the authentication or encryption type
selected.
3. Select the WEP 128 (104 bit key) checkbox.
The WEP 128 Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
Getting Started
4. Configure the WEP 128 Settings field as required to define the Pass Key used to generate
the WEP keys.
Pass Key
Specify a 4 to 32 character pass key and click the Generate
button. The access point, other proprietary routers and MUs use
the same algorithm to convert a string to the same hexadecimal
number. Non-Motorola clients and devices need to enter WEP
keys manually as hexadecimal numbers. The access point and its
target client(s) must use the same pass key to interoperate.
Keys #1-4
Use the Key #1-4 fields to specify key numbers. For WEP 64
(40-bit key), the keys are 10 hexadecimal characters in length.
For WEP 128 (104-bit key), the keys are 26 hexadecimal
characters in length. Select one of these keys for activation by
clicking its radio button. The access point and its target client(s)
must use the same key to interoperate.
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5. Click the Apply button to save the security policy and return to the access point Quick
Setup screen.
At this point, you can test the access point for MU interoperability.
3.4.2 Testing Connectivity
Verify the access point’s link with an MU by sending Wireless Network Management Protocol
(WNMP) ping packets to the associated MU. Use the Echo Test screen to specify a target MU and
configure the parameters of the test. The WNMP ping test only works with Motorola MUs. Only use
a Motorola MU to test access point connectivity using WNMP.
NOTE Before testing for connectivity, the target MU needs to be set to the same
ESSID as the access point. Since WEP 128 has been configured for the
access point, the MU also needs to be configured for WEP 128 and use
the same WEP keys. Ensure the MU is associated with the access point
before testing for connectivity.
To ping a specific MU to assess its connection with an access point:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> MU Stats from the menu tree.
2. Select the Echo Test button from within the MU Stats Summary screen.
3. Define the following parameters for the test.
Station Address
The station address is the IP address of the target MU. Refer to
the MU Stats Summary screen for associated MU IP address
information.
Number of pings
Defines the number of packets to be transmitted to the MU. The
default is 100.
Packet Length
Specifies the length of each packet transmitted to the MU during
the test. The default length is 100 bytes.
4. Click the Ping button to begin transmitting packets to the specified MU address.
Refer to the Number of Responses value to assess the number of responses from the MU
versus the number of ping packets transmitted by the access point. Use the ratio of packets
sent versus the number of packets received the link quality between the MU and the access
point.
Click the OK button to exit the Echo Test screen and return to the MU Stats Summary screen.
Getting Started
3.4.3 Where to Go from Here?
Once basic connectivity has been verified, the access point can be fully configured to meet the needs
of the network and the users it supports. Refer to the following:
•
•
•
•
For detailed information on access point device access, SNMP settings, network time,
importing/exporting device configurations and device firmware updates, see
Chapter 4, System Configuration on page 4-1.
For detailed information on configuring access point LAN interface (subnet) and WAN
interface see, Chapter 5, Network Management on page 5-1.
For detailed information on configuring specific encryption and authentication security
schemes for individual access point WLANs, see
Chapter 6, Configuring Access Point Security on page 6-1.
To view detailed statistics on the access point and its associated MUs, see
Chapter 7, Monitoring Statistics on page 7-1.
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System Configuration
The access point contains a built-in browser interface for system configuration and remote
management using a standard Web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator
or Mozilla Firefox (version 0.8 or higher is recommended). The browser interface also allows for
system monitoring of the access point.
Web management of the access point requires either Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 or later or
Netscape Navigator 6.0 or later.
NOTE For optimum compatibility, use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher
(available from Sun’s Web site), and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java
Virtual Machine if installed.
To connect to the access point, an IP address is required. If connected to the access point using the
WAN port, the default static IP address is 10.1.1.1. The default password is “motorola.” If connected
to the access point using the LAN port, the default setting is DHCP client. The user is required to know
the IP address to connect to the access point using a Web browser.
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System configuration topics include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Configuring System Settings
Configuring Power Settings
Adaptive AP Setup
Configuring Data Access
Managing Certificate Authority (CA) Certificates
Configuring SNMP Settings
Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP)
Logging Configuration
Importing/Exporting Configurations
Updating Device Firmware
4.1 Configuring System Settings
Use the System Settings screen to specify the name and location of the access point, assign an
email address for the network administrator, restore the AP’s default configuration or restart the AP.
To configure System Settings for the access point:
!
CAUTION The access point’s country of operation is set from within the System
Settings screen. If the country code is changed, the access point’s
power level, primary channel and secondary channel return to their
default values. If changing the country code, be aware these values
will require modification to their previous settings.
1. Select System Configuration -> System Settings from the access point menu tree.
System Configuration
2. Configure the access point System Settings field to assign a system name and location,
set the country of operation and view device version information.
System Name
Specify a device name for the access point. Motorola recommends
selecting a name serving as a reminder of the user base the access
point supports (engineering, retail, etc.). This name will appear in
the WIPS server when one of the radios is configured as a sensor
and the WIPS functionality connects to the WIPS server. The WIPS
module only accepts names with up to 20 characters, keep that if
intending to use this AP as a sensor.
System Location
Enter the location of the access point. The System Location
parameter acts as a reminder of where the AP can be found. Use
the System Name field as a specific identifier of device location.
Use the System Name and System Location fields together to
optionally define the AP name by the radio coverage it supports and
specific physical location. For example, “second floor engineering”
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Admin Email Address Specify the AP administrator's email address.
Country
The access point prompts the user for the correct country code after
the first login. A warning message also displays stating that an
incorrect country setting will lead to an illegal use of the access
point. Use the pull-down menu to select the country of operation.
Selecting the correct country is extremely important. Each country
has its own regulatory restrictions concerning electromagnetic
emissions (channel range) and the maximum RF signal strength
transmitted. To ensure compliance with national and local laws, be
sure to set the Country field correctly.
If using the access point configuration file, CLI or MIB to configure
the access point’s country code, see Country Codes on page A-6.
AP-7131 Version
The dIsplayed number is the current version of the device firmware.
Use this information to determine if the access point is running the
most recent firmware available from Motorola. Use the Firmware
Update screen to keep the AP’s firmware up to date. For more
information, see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-50.
System Uptime
Displays the current uptime of the access point defined in the
System Name field. System Uptime is the cumulative time since
the access point was last rebooted or lost power.
Serial Number
Displays the access point Media Access Control (MAC) address.
The access point MAC address is hard coded at the factory and
cannot be modified. The LAN and WAN port MAC addresses can be
located within the LAN and WAN Stats screens. For information on
locating the access point MAC addresses, see Viewing WAN
Statistics on page 7-2 and Viewing LAN Statistics on page 7-6.
AP Mode
Displays the access point’s mode of operation to convey whether
the access point is functioning as a standalone access point
(Independent mode) or in Adaptive (thin AP) mode. If in Adaptive
mode, the access point attempts to discover a switch through one
or more of several mechanisms: DNS, DHCP, ICMP, CAPWAP or a
statically programmed IP address. For information on adaptive AP,
see, Adaptive AP on page 10-1.
3. Refer to the Factory Defaults field to restore either a full or partial default configuration.
System Configuration
!
CAUTION Restoring the access point’s configuration back to default settings
changes the administrative password back to “motorola.” If restoring
the configuration back to default settings, be sure you change the
administrative password accordingly.
Restore Default
Configuration
Select the Restore Default Configuration button to reset the
AP’s configuration to factory default settings. If selected, a
message displays warning the user the current configuration will
be lost if the default configuration is restored. Before using this
feature, Motorola recommends using the Config Import/Export
screen to export the current configuration for safekeeping, see
Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-46.
Restore Partial
Select the Restore Partial Default Configuration button to
Default Configuration restore a default configuration with the exception of the current
LAN, WAN, SNMP settings and IP address used to launch the
browser. If selected, a message displays warning the user all
current configuration settings will be lost with the exception of
WAN and SNMP settings. Before using this feature, Motorola
recommends using the Config Import/Export screen to export the
current configuration for safekeeping, see Importing/Exporting
Configurations on page 4-46.
4. Use the Restart access point field to restart the AP (if necessary).
Restart AP-7131
!
Click the Restart access point button to reboot the AP. Restarting
the access point resets all data collection values to zero. Motorola
does not recommend restarting the AP during significant system
uptime or data collection activities.
CAUTION After a reboot, static route entries disappear from the AP Route Table
if a LAN Interface is set to DHCP Client. The entries can be retrieved
(once the reboot is done) by performing an Apply operation from the
WEB UI or a save operation from the CLI.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the System Settings screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
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NOTE The Apply button is not needed for restoring the access point default
configuration or restarting the access point.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the System Settings screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.2 Configuring Power Settings
Use the Power Setting screen to select one of two power modes, 3af or Auto. When the automatic
mode is selected, the access point safely operates within available power.
Automatic is the default mode. When Auto is selected, the access point’s complex programmable
logic device (CPLD) determines how much power is available at startup, either 3af, Mid Power or Full
Power. Based on the power level, the access point configures according to the table below:
NOTE Single radio model AP-7131s always operate using a full power
configuration. The power management configurations described in the
table below do not apply to single radio models.
Available Power
Operational Configuration (for Dual Radio)
13 watts (3af)
Power Status: 3af
Two radios, processor running at 500 MHz, GE1 port
(1000BASE-T) and GE2 port disabled.
18 watts
Power Status: Mid Power
Two radios, processor running at 500 MHz, GE1 port (1000BASE-T)
and GE2 port (100BASE-T).
24 watts or external power
supply
Power Status: Full Power
Two radios, processor running at 500 MHz, GE1 port (1000BASE-T)
and GE2 port (1000BASE-T).
NOTE Radio transmit power is not used as one of the factors to determine the
available power budget. If an external power supply is used, it is assumed
it will provide full power.
System Configuration
!
CAUTION The power modes described in the section are only obtainable using
the 48-Volt Power Supply (Part No. 50-14000-247R) designed
specifically for an AP-7131, or using the single-port AP-7131 Power
Injector (Part No. AP-PSBIAS-1P3-AFR). For more information, see
AP-7131 Power Options on page 2-6.
If 3af is selected, the AP is configured assuming 12.95 watts are available using a 3af power budget,
even though there may actually be more power available.
To define the AP-7131’s power setting:
1. Select System Configuration -> Power Settings from the menu tree.
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Refer to the following to assess the AP-7131’s current power state. Once known, determine
how available power resources are applied to the access point’s radios.
Power Mode
When the AP-7131 is powered on for the first time, the system
determines the power budget available to the access point. Using
the Auto setting (default setting), the access point automatically
determines the best power configuration based on the available
power budget.
If 3af is selected, the AP assumes 12.95 watts are available.
If the mode is changed, the access point will require a reset to
implement the change.
Power Status
Refer to this field to review the power available to the access point.
For information on power levels, refer to the Available Power table
on page 6.
2. Click Apply to save any changes to the Power Settings screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
3. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Power Settings screen to the last saved configuration.
4. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.3 Adaptive AP Setup
An access point needs settings defined to discover (and adopt) an available switch and establish a
connection and data tunnel. It’s through this switch adoption that the access point receives its
adaptive AP (AAP) configuration. An AP-7131 has a screen to define the mechanisms used to adopt
a switch and route AAP configuration information.
NOTE For an AAP overview and a theoretical discussion of how an access point
discovers a switch to creates a secure data tunnel for adaptive AP
operation, see Adaptive AP on page 10-1.
NOTE AAP functionality is only supported on a Motorola WS5100 model switch
(running firmware version 3.1) or higher and a Motorola RFS7000 model
switch (running firmware version 1.1 or higher).
System Configuration
NOTE The Adaptive AP Setup screen does not display the AAP’s adoption status
or adopted switch. This information is available using the access point’s
CLI. To review AAP adoption status and adopted switch information, see
AP7131>admin(system.aap-setup)>show on page 8-167.
To configure the access point’s switch discovery method and connection medium:
1. Select System Configuration -> Adaptive AP Setup from the menu tree.
2. Define the following to prioritize a switch connection scheme and AP interface used to adopt
to the switch.
Control Port
Define the port used by the switch FQDN to transmit and receive
with the AAP. The default control port is 24576.
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Switch FQDN
Add a complete switch fully qualified domain name (FQDN) to add
a switch to the 12 available switch IP addresses available for
connection. The access point resolves the name to one or more IP
addresses if a DNS IP address is present. This method is used when
the access point fails to obtain an IP address using DHCP.
PSK
Before the access point sends a packet requesting its mode and
configuration, the switch and the access point require a secure link
using a pre-shared key.
Auto Discovery Enable When the Auto Discovery Enable checkbox is selected, the
access point begins the switch discovery (adoption) process using
DHCP first, then a user provided domain name, lastly using static IP
addresses. This setting is disabled by default. When disabled, the
AP functions as a standalone access point without trying to adopt
a switch. Consequently, the access point will not be able to obtain
an AAP configuration. For an overview of AAP and instructions on
how to setup the AP and switch, see Adaptive AP Overview.
Switch Interface
Use the Switch Interface drop-down menu to specify the
interface used by the switch for connectivity with the access point.
Options include LAN1, LAN2 and WAN. The default setting is
LAN1.
Enable AP-Switch
Tunnel
This setting is required to enable an IPSec VPN from the AAP to the
Wireless Switch.
Keep-alive Period
The Keepalive interval defines a period (in seconds) the AAP uses
to terminate its connection to the switch if no data is received.
Current Switch
Displays the IP address of the connected switch. This is the switch
from which the AP-7131 receives its adaptive configuration.
AP adoption State
Displays whether the AP-7131 has been adopted by the switch
(whose IP address is listed in the Current Switch parameter). The
AP-7131 cannot receive its adaptive configuration without
association.
3. Refer to the 12 available Switch IP Addresses to review the addresses the access point
uses to adopt with a switch.
The access point contacts each switch on the list (from top to bottom) until a viable switch
adoption is made. The access point first populates the list with the IP addresses received
from its DHCP resource. If DHCP is not able to obtain IP addresses, the access point attempts
to resolve the switch's Domain Name if provided within the Switch FQDN parameter.
System Configuration
However, if the access point receives one or more IP addresses from the DHCP server, it will
not solicit an IP address from a user provided domain name. Lastly, provide static (manually
provided) IP addresses to the list as long as there is room. The access point will defer to
these addresses if DHCP and a provided domain address fail to secure a switch adoption.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the Adaptive AP Setup screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Adaptive AP Setup screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.4 Configuring Data Access
Use the AP-7131 Access screen to allow/deny management access to the access point from
different subnets (LAN1, LAN2 or WAN) using different protocols such as HTTPS, Telnet, SSH or
SNMP. The access options are either enabled or disabled. It is not meant to function as an ACL in
routers or other firewalls, where you can specify and customize specific IPs to access specific
interfaces.
Use the Access screen checkboxes to enable or disable LAN1, LAN2 and/or WAN access using the
protocols and ports listed. If access is disabled, this effectively locks out the administrator from
configuring the access point using that interface. To avoid jeopardizing the network data managed by
the access point, Motorola recommends enabling only those interfaces used in the routine (daily)
management of the network, and disabling all other interfaces until they are required.
The Access screen also has a new facility allowing customers to create a login message with
customer generated text. When enabled (using either the access point Web UI or CLI), the login
message displays when the user is logging into the access point. If the login message is disabled, the
default login screen displays with no message.
To configure access for the access point:
1. Select System Configuration -> AP-7131 Access from the menu tree.
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2. Use the access point Access field checkboxes to enable/disable the following on the
access point’s LAN1, LAN2 or WAN interfaces:
Applet HTTP (port 80) Select the LAN1, LAN2 and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access
to the access point configuration applet using a Web browser.
Applet HTTPS (port
443)
Select the LAN1, LAN2 and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access
to the access point configuration applet using a Secure Sockets
Layer (SSL) for encrypted HTTP sessions.
CLI TELNET (port 23)
Select the LAN1, LAN2 and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access
to the access point CLI via the TELNET terminal emulation TCP/IP
protocol.
CLI SSH (port 22)
Select the LAN1, LAN2 and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access
to the access point CLI using the SSH (Secure Shell) protocol.
System Configuration
SNMP (port 161)
Select the LAN1, LAN2 and/or WAN checkboxes to enable access
to the access point configuration settings from an SNMP-capable
client.
3. Refer to the Applet Timeout field to set an HTTPS timeout interval.
HTTP/S Timeout
Disables access to the access point if no data activity is detected
over Applet HTTPS (port 443) after the user defined interval.
Default is 0 Mins.
4. Configure the Secure Shell field to set timeout values to reduce network inactivity.
Authentication
Timeout
Defines the maximum time (between 30 - 120 seconds) allowed for
SSH authentication to occur before executing a timeout. The
minimum permissible value is 30 seconds.
SSH Keepalive
Interval
The SSH Keepalive Interval defines a period (in seconds) after
which if no data has been received from a client, SSH sends a
message through the encrypted channel to request a response from
the client. The default is 0, and no messages will be sent to the
client until a non-zero value is set. Defining a Keepalive interval is
important, otherwise programs running on a server may never
notice if the other end of a connection is rebooted.
5. Use the Admin Authentication buttons to specify the authentication server connection
method.
Local
The access point verifies the authentication connection.
Radius
Designates that a Radius server is used in the authentication
credential verification. If using this option, the connected PC is
required to have its Radius credentials verified with an external
Radius server. Additionally, the Radius Server’s Active Directory
should have a valid user configured and have a PAP based Remote
Access Policy configured for Radius Admin Authentication to work.
6. Use the Radius Server if a Radius server has been selected as the authentication server.
Enter the required network address information.
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Radius Server IP
Specify the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of the Remote
Authentication Dial-In User Service (Radius) server. Radius is a
client/server protocol and software enabling remote-access
servers to communicate with a server used to authenticate users
and authorize access to the requested system or service.
Port
Specify the port on which the server is listening. The Radius server
typically listens on ports 1812 (default port).
Shared Secret
Define a shared secret for authentication on the server. The shared
secret is required to be the same as the shared secret defined on
the Radius server. Use shared secrets to verify Radius messages
(with the exception of the Access-Request message) sent by a
Radius-enabled device configured with the same shared secret.
Apply the qualifications of a well-chosen password to the
generation of a shared secret. Generate a random, case-sensitive
string using letters and numbers. The default is motorola.
7. Update the Administrator Access field to change the administrative password used to
access the configuration settings.
Change Admin
Password
Click the Change Admin Password button to display a screen
for updating the AP administrator password. Enter and confirm a
new administrator password as required.
System Configuration
8. Refer to the Login Message field to optionally define a message displayed to the customer
as they login into the access point.
Message Settings
Click the Message Settings button to display a screen used to
create a text message. Once displayed, select the Enable Login
Message checkbox to allow your customized message to be
displayed when the user is logging into the access point. If the
checkbox is not selected (as is the case by default), the user will
encounter the login screen with no additional message.
When the login message function is enabled, the user can enter a
(511 character maximum) message describing any usage caveat
required (such as the authorization disclaimer displayed on the
following page). Thus, the login message can serve an important
function by discouraging unauthorized users from illegally
managing the access point. As your message is entered, the
character usage counter is updated to allow you to visualize how
close you are coming to the maximum allowed number of
characters. Click the Clear button at any time to remove the
contents of the message and begin a new one. Once you have
finished creating your message, click the OK button to return to the
Access screen.
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9. Click Apply to save any changes to the access point Access screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
10. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the access point Access screen to the last saved configuration.
11. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.5 Managing Certificate Authority (CA) Certificates
Certificate management includes the following sections:
•
•
Importing a CA Certificate
Creating Self Certificates for Accessing the VPN
4.5.1 Importing a CA Certificate
A certificate authority (CA) is a network authority that issues and manages security credentials and
public keys for message encryption. The CA signs all digital certificates that it issues with its own
private key. The corresponding public key is contained within the certificate and is called a CA
certificate. A browser must contain this CA certificate in its Trusted Root Library so it can trust
certificates “signed” by the CA's private key.
Depending on the public key infrastructure, the digital certificate includes the owner's public key, the
certificate expiration date, the owner's name and other public key owner information.
The access point can import and maintain a set of CA certificates to use as an authentication option
for Virtual Private Network (VPN) access. To use the certificate for a VPN tunnel, define a tunnel and
System Configuration
select the IKE settings to use either RSA or DES certificates. For additional information on configuring
VPN tunnels, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
!
CAUTION Loaded and signed CA certificates will be lost when changing the
access point’s firmware version using either the GUI or CLI. After a
certificate has been successfully loaded, export it to a secure location
to ensure its availability after a firmware update.
If restoring the access point’s factory default firmware, you must
export the certificate file BEFORE restoring the access point’s factory
default configuration. Import the file back after the updated firmware
is installed. For information on using the access point CLI to import
and export the access point’s configuration, see
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> impcert on page 8-185 and
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> expcert on page 8-184.
Refer to your network administrator to obtain a CA certificate to import into the access point.
NOTE Verify the access point device time is synchronized with an NTP server
before importing a certificate to avoid issues with conflicting date/time
stamps. For more information, see Configuring Network Time Protocol
(NTP) on page 4-41.
To import a CA certificate:
1. Select System Configuration -> Certificate Mgmt -> CA Certificates from the menu
tree.
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2. Copy the content of the CA Certificate message (using a text editor such as notepad) and
click on Paste from Clipboard.
The content of the certificate displays in the Import a root CA Certificate field.
3. Click the Import root CA Certificate button to import it into the CA Certificate list.
4. Once in the list, select the certificate ID within the View Imported root CA Certificates
field to view the certificate issuer name, subject, and certificate expiration data.
5. To delete a certificate, select the Id from the drop-down menu and click the Del button.
4.5.2 Creating Self Certificates for Accessing the VPN
The access point requires two kinds of certificates for accessing the VPN, CA certificates and self
certificates. Self certificates are certificate requests you create, send to a Certificate Authority (CA)
to be signed, then import the signed certificate into the management system.
System Configuration
!
CAUTION Self certificates can only be generated using the access point GUI and
CLI interfaces. No functionality exists for creating a self-certificate
using the access point’s SNMP configuration option.
To create a self certificate:
1. Select System Configuration -> Certificate Mgmt -> Self Certificates from the access
point menu tree.
2. Click on the Add button to create the certificate request.
The Certificate Request screen displays.
3. Complete the request form with the pertinent information. Only 4 values are required, the
others optional.
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Key ID
Enter a logical name for the certificate to help distinguish between
certificates. The name can be up to 7 characters in length.
Subject
The required Subject value contains important information about
the certificate. Contact the CA signing the certificate to determine
the content of the Subject parameter.
Signature Algorithm
Use the drop-down menu to select the signature algorithm used for
the certificate. Options include:
• MD5-RSA - Message Digest 5 algorithm in combination with
RSA encryption.
• SHA1-RSA - Secure Hash Algorithm 1 in combination with
RSA encryption.
Key Length
Defines the length of the key. Possible values are 512, 1024, and
2048.
4. When the form is completed, click the Generate button.
The Certificate Request screen disappears and the ID of the generated certificate request
displays in the drop-down list of certificates within the Self Certificates screen.
5. Click the Generate Request button.
System Configuration
The generated certificate request displays in Self Certificates screen text box.
6. Click the Copy to Clipboard button.
The content of certificate request is copied to the clipboard.
Create an email to your CA, paste the content of the request into the body of the message
and send it to the CA.
The CA signs the certificate and will send it back. Once received, copy the content from the
email into the clipboard.
7. Click the Paste from clipboard button.
The content of the email displays in the window.
Click the Load Certificate button to import the certificate and make it available for use as
a VPN authentication option. The certificate ID displays in the Signed list.
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NOTE If the access point is restarted after a certificate request has been
generated but before the signed certificate is imported, the import will not
execute properly. Do not restart the access point during this process.
8. To use the certificate for a VPN tunnel, first define a tunnel and select the IKE settings to
use either RSA or DES certificates. For additional information on configuring VPN tunnels,
see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
4.5.3 Creating a Certificate for Onboard Radius Authentication
The access point can use its on-board Radius Server to generate certificates to authenticate MUs for
use with the access point. In addition, a Windows 2000 or 2003 Server is used to sign the certificate
before downloading it back to the access point’s on-board Radius server and loading the certificate
for use with the access point.
Both a CA and Self certificate are required for Onboard Radius Authentication. For information on CA
Certificates, see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16. Ensure the certificate is in a Base 64
Encoded format or risk loading an invalid certificate.
!
!
CAUTION If using the Radius time-based authentication feature to authenticate
access point user permissions, ensure the access point’s time is
synchronized with the CA server used to generate certificate requests.
CAUTION Self certificates can only be generated using the access point GUI and
CLI interfaces. No functionality exists for creating a self-certificate
using the access point’s SNMP configuration option.
To create a self certificate for on-board Radius authentication:
1. Select System Configuration -> Certificate Mgmt -> Self Certificates from the access
point menu tree.
2. Click on the Add button to create the certificate request.
The Certificate Request screen displays.
3. Complete the request form with the pertinent information.
Key ID (required)
Enter a logical name for the certificate to help distinguish between
certificates. The name can be up to 7 characters in length.
System Configuration
Subject (required)
The required Subject value contains important information about
the certificate. Contact the CA signing the certificate to determine
the content of the Subject parameter.
Department
Optionally enter a value for your organizations’s department name
if needing to differentiate the certificate from similar certificates
used in other departments within your organization.
Organization
Optionally enter the name of your organization for supporting
information for the certificate request.
City
Optionally enter the name of the City where the access point (using
the certificate) resides.
State
Optionally enter the name of the State where the access point
(using the certificate) resides.
Postal Code
Optionally enter the name of the Postal (Zip) Code where the
access point (using the certificate) resides.
Country Code
Optionally enter the access point’s Country Code.
Email
Enter a organizational email address (avoid using a personal
address if possible) to associate the request with the proper
requesting organization.
Domain Name
Ensure the Domain name is the name of the CA Server. This value
must be set correctly to ensure the certificate is properly
generated.
IP Address
Enter the IP address of this access point (as you are using the
access point’s onbard Radius server).
Signature Algorithm
Use the drop-down menu to select the signature algorithm used for
the certificate. Options include:
• MD5-RSA - Message Digest 5 algorithm in combination with
RSA encryption.
• SHA1-RSA - Secure Hash Algorithm 1 in combination with
RSA encryption.
Key Length
Defines the length of the key. Possible values are 512, 1024, and
2048. Motorola recommends setting this value to 1024 to ensure
optimum functionality.
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4. Complete as many of the optional values within the Certificate Request screen as
possible.
5. When the form is completed, click the Generate button from within the Certificate Request
screen.
The Certificate Request screen disappears and the ID of the generated certificate request
displays in the drop-down list of certificates within the Self Certificates screen.
NOTE A Warning screen may display at this phase stating key information could
be lost if you proceed with the certificate request. Click the OK button to
continue, as the certificate has not been signed yet.
6. Click the Generate Request button from within the Self Certificates screen. The certificate
content displays within the Self Certificate screen.
7. Click the Copy to clipboard button. Save the certificate content to a secure location.
8. Connect to the Windows 2000 or 2003 server used to sign the certificate.
9. Select the Request a certificate option. Click Next to continue.
10. Select the Advanced request checkbox from within the Choose Request Type screen and
click Next to continue.
11. From within the Advanced Certificate Requests screen, select the Submit a certificate
request using a base 64 encoded PKCS #10 file or a renewal request using a
base64 encoded PKCS file option. Click Next to continue.
12. Paste the content of certificate in the Saved Request field (within the Submit a Saved
Request screen).
NOTE An administrator must make sure the Web Server option is available as a
selectable option for those without administrative privileges.
If you do not have administrative privileges, ensure the Web Server option has been
selected from the Certificate Template drop-down menu. Click Submit.
13. Select the Base 64 encoded checkbox option from within the Certificate Issued screen and
select the Download CA Certificate link.
A File Download screen displays prompting the user to select the download location for
the certificate.
14. Click the Save button and save the certificate to a secure location.
System Configuration
15. Load the certificates on the access point.
!
CAUTION Ensure the CA Certificate is loaded before the Self Certificate, or risk
an invalid certificate load.
16. Open the certificate file and copy its contents into the CA Certificates screen by clicking the
Paste from Clipboard button.
The certificate is now ready to be loaded into the access point’s flash memory.
17. Click the Import root CA Certificate button from within the CA Certificates screen.
18. Verify the contents of the certificate file display correctly within the CA Certificates screen.
19. Open the certificate file and copy its contents into the Self Certificates screen by clicking
the Paste from Clipboard button.
20. Click the Load Certificate button.
21. Verify the contents of the certificate file display correctly within the Self Certificates screen.
The certificate for the onboard Radius authentication of MUs has now been generated and
loaded into the access point’s flash memory.
4.6 Configuring SNMP Settings
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) facilitates the exchange of management information
between network devices. SNMP uses Management Information Bases (MIBs) to manage the device
configuration and monitor Internet devices in potentially remote locations. MIB information accessed
via SNMP is defined by a set of managed objects called object identifiers (OIDs). An object identifier
(OID) is used to uniquely identify each object variable of a MIB. The access point’s download site
contains the following MIB files supporting the AP-7131:
•
•
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 (standard MIB file)
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
NOTE The Symbol-AP-5131-MIB contains the majority of the information
contained within the Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0 file. This feature rich
information has been validated with the Motorola WS2000 and proven
reliable for use with an AP-7131 model access point. The remaining
portion of the Symbol-AP-5131-MIB contains supplemental information
unique to the access point feature set.
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Use the table below to locate the MIB where the given feature can be configured.
Feature
MIB
Feature
MIB
LAN Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Subnet Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
VLAN Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
DHCP Server
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
802.1x Port
Authentication
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Advanced DHCP
Server configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Ethernet Type Filter
Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
WAN IP Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Wireless
Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
PPP Over Ethernet
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Security Configuration Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
NAT Address Mapping Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
MU ACL Configuration Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
VPN Tunnel
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
QOS Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
VPN Tunnel status
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Radio Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Content Filtering
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Bandwidth
Management
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Rogue AP Detection
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
SNMP Trap Selection Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Firewall Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
SNMP RF Trap
Thresholds
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
LAN to WAN Access
Config Import/Export
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Advanced LAN Access Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
MU Authentication
Stats
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Router Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
WNMP Ping
Configuration
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
System Settings
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Known AP Stats
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
AP 5131 Access
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Flash LEDs
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
Certificate Mgt
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Automatic Update
Symbol-AP-5131-MIB
SNMP Access
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
System Configuration
SNMP Trap
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
NTP Server
Configuration
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Logging Configuration Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Firmware Update
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Wireless Stats
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Radio Stats
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
MU Stats
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
Automatic Update
Symbol-CC-WS2000-MIB-2.0
SNMP allows a network administrator to manage network performance, find and solve network
problems, and plan for network growth. The access point supports SNMP management functions for
gathering information from its network components, communicating that information to specified
users and configuring the access point. All the fields available within the access point are also
configurable within the MIB.
The access point SNMP agent functions as a command responder and is a multilingual agent
responding to SNMPv1, v2c and v3 managers (command generators). The factory default
configuration maintains SNMPv1/2c support of the community names, hence providing backward
compatibility.
SNMP v1/v2c community definitions and SNMP v3 user definitions work independently, and both use
the Access Control List (ACL) of the SNMP Access Control sub-screen.
Use the SNMP Access screen to define SNMP v1/v2c community definitions and SNMP v3 user
definitions. SNMP version 1 (v1) provides a strong network management system, but its security is
relatively weak. The improvements in SNMP version 2c (v2c) do not include the attempted security
enhancements of other version-2 protocols. Instead, SNMP v2c defaults to SNMP-standard
community strings for read-only and read/write access. SNMP version 3 (v3) further enhances
protocol features, providing much improved security. SNMP v3 encrypts transmissions and provides
authentication for users generating requests.
To configure SNMP v1/v2c community definitions and SNMP v3 user definitions for the access point:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access from the access point menu tree.
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SNMP v1/v2c community definitions allow read-only or read/write access to access point
management information. The SNMP community includes users whose IP addresses are
specified on the SNMP Access Control screen.
A read-only community string allows a remote device to retrieve information, while a read/
write community string allows a remote device to modify settings. Motorola recommends
considering adding a community definition using a site-appropriate name and access level.
Set up a read/write definition (at a minimum) to facilitate full access by the access point
administrator.
2. Configure the SNMP v1/v2 Configuration field (if SNMP v1/v2 is used) to add or delete
community definitions, name the community, specify the OID and define community access.
Add
Click Add to create a new SNMP v1/v2c community definition.
Delete
Select Delete to remove a SNMP v1/v2c community definition.
System Configuration
Community
Use the Community field to specify a site-appropriate name for
the community. The name is required to match the name used
within the remote network management software.
OID
Use the OID (Object Identifier) pull-down list to specify a setting of
All or a enter a Custom OID. Select All to assign the user access to
all OIDs in the MIB. The OID field uses numbers expressed in dot
notation.
Access
Use the Access pull-down list to specify read-only (R) access or
read/write (RW) access for the community. Read-only access
allows a remote device to retrieve access point information, while
read/write access allows a remote device to modify access point
settings.
3. Configure the SNMP v3 User Definitions field (if SNMP v3 is used) to add and configure
SNMP v3 user definitions.
SNMP v3 user definitions allow read-only or read/write access to management information
as appropriate.
Add
Click Add to create a new entry for an SNMP v3 user.
Delete
Select Delete to remove an entry for an SNMP v3 user.
Username
Specify a username by typing an alphanumeric string of up to 31
characters.
Security Level
Use the Security Level area to specify a security level of noAuth
(no authorization), AuthNoPriv (authorization without privacy), or
AuthPriv (authorization with privacy).
The NoAuth setting specifies no login authorization or encryption
for the user.
The AuthNoPriv setting requires login authorization, but no
encryption.
The AuthPriv setting requires login authorization and uses the
Data Encryption Standard (DES) protocol.
OID
Use the OID (Object Identifier) area to specify a setting of All or
enter a Custom OID. Select All to assign the user access to all OIDs
in the MIB. The OID field uses numbers expressed in dot notation.
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Passwords
Select Passwords to display the Password Settings screen for
specifying authentication and password settings for an SNMP v3
user. The maximum password length is 11 characters. Use the
Authentication Algorithm drop-down menu to specify MD5 or
SHA1 as the authentication algorithm. Use the Privacy Algorithm
drop-down menu to define an algorithm of DES or AES-128bit.
When entering the same username on the SNMP Traps and
SNMP Access screens, the password entered on the SNMP Traps
page overwrites the password entered on the SNMP Access page.
To avoid this problem, enter the same password on both pages.
Access
Use the Access pull-down list to specify read-only (R) access or
read/write (RW) access for a user. Read-only access permits a user
to retrieve access point information, while read/write access
allows a user to modify access pointsettings.
4. Specify the users who can read and optionally modify the SNMP-capable client.
SNMP Access Control Click the SNMP Access Control button to display the SNMP
Access Control screen for specifying which users can read
SNMP-generated information and potentially modify related
settings from an SNMP-capable client.
The SNMP Access Control screen's Access Control List (ACL) uses
Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to restrict access to the AP’s SNMP
interface. The ACL applies to both SNMP v3 user definitions and
SNMP v1/v2c community definitions.
For detailed instructions of configuring SNMP user access and
modification privileges, see Configuring SNMP Access Control on
page 4-32.
5. If configuring SNMP v3 user definitions, set the SNMP v3 engine ID.
SNMP v3 Engine ID
The access point SNMP v3 Engine ID field lists the unique SNMP
v3 Engine ID for the access point. This ID is used in SNMP v3 as the
source for a trap, response or report. It is also used as the
destination ID when sending get, getnext, getbulk, set or inform
commands.
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP Access screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
System Configuration
7. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the SNMP Access screen to the last saved configuration.
8. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
For additional SNMP configuration information, see:
•
•
•
•
Configuring SNMP Access Control
Enabling SNMP Traps
Configuring Specific SNMP Traps
Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds
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4.6.1 Configuring SNMP Access Control
Use the SNMP Access Control screen (as launched from the SNMP Access screen) to specify
which users can read SNMP generated information and, if capable, modify related settings from an
SNMP-capable client.
Use the SNMP Access Control screen's Access Control List (ACL) to limit, by Internet Protocol (IP)
address, who can access the access point SNMP interface.
NOTE The ACL applies to both SNMP v3 user definitions and SNMP v1/v2c
community definitions on the access point SNMP Access screen.
To configure SNMP user access control for the access point:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access from the access point menu tree. Click
on the SNMP Access Control button from within the SNMP Access screen.
2. Configure the SNMP Access Control screen to add the IP addresses of those users receiving
SNMP access.
System Configuration
Access Control List
Enter Start IP and End IP addresses (numerical addresses only, no
DNS names supported) to specify a range of user that can access
the access point SNMP interface. An SNMP-capable client can be
set up whereby only the administrator (for example) can use a read/
write community definition.
Use just the Starting IP Address column to specify a single SNMP
user. Use both the Starting IP Address and Ending IP Address
columns to specify a range of addresses for SNMP users.
To add a single IP address to the ACL, enter the same IP address in
the Start IP and End IP fields.
Leave the ACL blank to allow access to the SNMP interface from
the IP addresses of all authorized users.
Add
Click Add to create a new ACL entry.
Edit
Click Edit to revise an existing ACL entry.
Delete
Click Delete to remove a selected ACL entry for one or more SNMP
users.
OK
Click Ok to return to the SNMP Access screen. Click Apply within
the SNMP Access screen to save any changes made on the SNMP
Access Control screen.
Cancel
Click Cancel to undo any changes made on the SNMP Access
Control screen. This reverts all settings for this screen to the last
saved configuration.
4.6.2 Enabling SNMP Traps
SNMP provides the ability to send traps to notify the administrator that trap conditions are met. Traps
are network packets containing data relating to network devices, or SNMP agents, that send the
traps. SNMP management applications can receive and interpret these packets, and optionally can
perform responsive actions. SNMP trap generation is programmable on a trap-by-trap basis.
Use the SNMP Traps Configuration screen to enable traps and to configure appropriate settings
for reporting this information. Trap configuration depends on the network machine that receives the
generated traps. SNMP v1/v2c and v3 trap configurations function independently. In a mixed SNMP
environment, generated traps can be sent using configurations for both SNMP v1/v2c and v3.
To configure SNMP traps on the access point:
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1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access - > SNMP Trap Configuration from the
access point menu tree.
2. Configure the SNMP v1/v2c Trap Configuration field (if SNMP v1/v2c Traps are used) to
modify the following:
Add
Click Add to create a new SNMP v1/v2c Trap Configuration entry.
Delete
Click Delete to remove a selected SNMP v1/v2c Trap
Configuration entry.
Destination IP
Specify a numerical (non DNS name) destination IP address for
receiving the traps sent by the access point SNMP agent.
Port
Specify a destination User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port for
receiving traps. The default is 162.
Community
Enter a community name specific to the SNMP-capable client that
receives the traps.
System Configuration
Add
Click Add to create a new SNMP v1/v2c Trap Configuration entry.
SNMP Version
Use the SNMP Version drop-down menu to specify v1 or v2.
Some SNMP clients support only SNMP v1 traps, while others
support SNMP v2 traps and possibly both, verify the correct traps
are in use with clients that support them.
3. Configure the SNMP v3 Trap Configuration field (if SNMP v3 Traps are used) to modify
the following:
Add
Click Add to create a new SNMP v3 Trap Configuration entry.
Delete
Select Delete to remove an entry for an SNMP v3 user.
Destination IP
Specify a numerical (non DNS name) destination IP address for
receiving the traps sent by the access point SNMP agent.
Port
Specify a destination User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port for
receiving traps.
Username
Enter a username specific to the SNMP-capable client receiving
the traps.
Security Level
Use the Security Level drop-down menu to specify a security
level of noAuth (no authorization), AuthNoPriv (authorization
without privacy), or AuthPriv (authorization with privacy).
The “NoAuth” setting specifies no login authorization or encryption
for the user. The “AuthNoPriv” setting requires login authorization,
but no encryption. The “AuthPriv” setting requires login
authorization and uses the Data Encryption Standard (DES).
Passwords
Select Passwords to display the Password Settings screen for
specifying authentication and password settings for an SNMP v3
user. The maximum password length is 11 characters. Use the
Authentication Algorithm drop-down menu to specify MD5 or
SHA1 as the authentication algorithm. Use the Privacy Algorithm
drop-down menu to define an algorithm of DES or AES-128bit.
If entering the same username on the SNMP Traps and SNMP
Access screens, the password entered on the SNMP Traps page
overwrites the password entered on the SNMP Access page. To
avoid this problem, enter the same password on both pages.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP Trap Configuration screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes being lost.
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5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on SNMP Trap Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.6.3 Configuring Specific SNMP Traps
Use the SNMP Traps screen to enable specific traps on the access point. Motorola recommends
defining traps to capture unauthorized devices operating within the access point coverage area. Trap
configuration depends on the network machine that receives the generated traps. SNMP v1/v2c and
v3 trap configurations function independently. In a mixed SNMP environment, traps can be sent using
configurations for both SNMP v1/v2c and v3. To configure specific SNMP traps on the access point:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access - > SNMP Traps from the menu tree.
System Configuration
2. Configure the MU Traps field to generate traps for MU associations, MU association
denials and MU authentication denials. When a trap is enabled, a trap is sent every 10
seconds until the condition no longer exists.
MU associated
Generates a trap when an MU becomes associated with one of the
access point’s WLANs.
MU unassociated
Generates a trap when an MU becomes unassociated with (or gets
dropped from) one of the access point’s WLANs.
MU denied
association
Generates a trap when an MU is denied association to a access
point WLAN. Can be caused when the maximum number of MUs
for a WLAN is exceeded or when an MU violates the access point’s
Access Control List (ACL).
MU denied
authentication
Generates a trap when an MU is denied authentication on one of
the AP’s WLANs. Can be caused by the MU being set for the wrong
authentication type for the WLAN or by an incorrect key or
password.
3. Configure the SNMP Traps field to generate traps when SNMP capable MUs are denied
authentication privileges or are subject of an ACL violation. When a trap is enabled, a trap
is sent every 5 seconds until the condition no longer exists.
SNMP authentication Generates a trap when an SNMP-capable client is denied access
failures
to the access point’s SNMP management functions or data. This
can result from an incorrect login, or missing/incorrect user
credentials.
SNMP ACL violation
Generates a trap when an SNMP client cannot access SNMP
management functions or data due to an Access Control List (ACL)
violation. This can result from a missing/incorrect IP address
entered within the SNMP Access Control screen.
4. Configure the Network Traps field to generate traps when the access point’s link status
changes or when the AP’s firewall detects a DOS attack.
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Physical port status
change
Generates a trap whenever the status changes on the access point.
The physical port status changes when a link is lost between the
access point and a connected device.
DynDNS Update
Generates a trap whenever domain name information is updated as
a result of the IP address associated with that domain being
modified.
Denial of service
(DOS) attempts
Generates a trap whenever a Denial of Service (DOS) attack is
detected by the access point firewall. A new trap is sent at the
specified interval until the attack has stopped.
Send trap every
Defines the interval in seconds the access point uses to generate a
trap until the Denial of Service attack is stopped. Default is 10
seconds.
5. Configure the System Traps field to generate traps when the access point re-initializes
during transmission, saves its configuration file. When a trap is enabled, a trap is sent every
5 seconds until the condition no longer exists.
System Cold Start
Generates a trap when the access point re-initializes while
transmitting, possibly altering the SNMP agent's configuration or
protocol entity implementation.
Configuration
Changes
Generates a trap whenever changes to the access point’s
configuration file are saved.
Rogue AP Detection
Generates a trap if a Rogue AP is detected by the access point.
AP Radar Detection
Generates a trap if an AP is detected using a form of radar
detection.
WPA Counter
Measure
Generates a trap if an attack is detected against the WPA Key
Exchange Mechanism.
MU Hotspot Status
Generates a trap when a change to the status of MU hotspot
member is detected.
VLAN
Generates a trap when a change to a VLAN state is detected.
LAN Monitor
Generates a trap when a change to the LAN monitoring state is
detected.
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP Traps screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
System Configuration
7. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on SNMP Traps screen to the last saved configuration.
8. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.6.4 Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds
Use the SNMP RF Trap Threshold screen as a means to track RF activity and the access point’s
radio and associated MU performance. SNMP RF Traps are sent when RF traffic exceeds defined
limits set in the RF Trap Thresholds field of the SNMP RF Traps screen. Thresholds are displayed
for the access point, WLAN, selected radio and the associated MU.
To configure specific SNMP RF Traps on the access point:
1. Select System Configuration - > SNMP Access - > SNMP RF Trap Thresholds from
the menu tree.
2. Configure the RF Trap Thresholds field to define device threshold values for SNMP traps.
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NOTE Average Bit Speed,% of Non-Unicast, Average Signal, Average Retries,%
Dropped and % Undecryptable are not access point statistics.
Pkts/s
Enter a maximum threshold for the total throughput in Pps (Packets
per second).
Throughput
Set a maximum threshold for the total throughput in Mbps
(Megabits per second).
Average Bit Speed
Enter a minimum threshold for the average bit speed in Mbps
(Megabits per second).
Average Signal
Enter a minimum threshold for the average signal strength in dBm
for each device.
Average Retries
Set a maximum threshold for the average number of retries for
each device.
% Dropped
Enter a maximum threshold for the total percentage of packets
dropped for each device. Dropped packets can be caused by poor
RF signal or interference on the channel.
% Undecryptable
Define a maximum threshold for the total percentage of packets
undecryptable for each device. Undecryptable packets can be the
result of corrupt packets, bad CRC checks or incomplete packets.
Associated MUs
Set a maximum threshold for the total number of MUs associated
with each device.
3. Configure the Minimum Packets field to define a minimum packet throughput value for
trap generation.
Minimum number of Enter the minimum number of packets that must pass through the
packets required for a device before an SNMP rate trap is sent. Motorola recommends
trap to fire
using the default setting of 1000 as a minimum setting for the field.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the SNMP RF Traps screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on SNMP RF Traps screen to the last saved configuration.
System Configuration
6. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.7 Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP)
Network Time Protocol (NTP) manages time and/or network clock synchronization in the access pointmanaged network environment. NTP is a client/server implementation. The access point (an NTP
client) periodically synchronizes its clock with a master clock (an NTP server). For example, the access
point resets its clock to 07:04:59 upon reading a time of 07:04:59 from its designated NTP server.
Time synchronization is recommended for the access point’s network operations. For sites using
Kerberos authentication, time synchronization is required. Use the Date and Time Settings screen
to enable NTP and specify the IP addresses and ports of available NTP servers.
NOTE The current time is not set accurately when initially connecting to the
access point. Until a server is defined to provide the access point the
correct time, or the correct time is manually set, the access point displays
1970-01-01 00:00:00 as the default time.
!
CAUTION If using the Radius time-based authentication feature to authenticate
access point user permissions, ensure UTC has been selected from
the Date and Time Settings screen’s Time Zone field. If UTC is not
selected, time based authentication will not work properly. For
information on configuring Radius time-based authentication, see
Defining User Access Permissions by Group on page 6-76.
To manage clock synchronization on the access point:
1. Select System Configuration - > Date/Time from the access point menu tree.
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2. From within the Current Time field, click the Refresh button to update the time since the
screen was displayed by the user.
The Current Time field displays the current time based on the access point system clock. If
NTP is disabled or if there are no servers available, the system time displays the access
point uptime starting at 1970-01-01 00:00:00, with the time and date advancing.
3. Select the Set Date/Time button to display the Manual Date/Time Setting screen.
This screen enables the user to manually enter the access point’s system time using a
Year-Month-Day HH:MM:SS format.
This option is disabled when the Enable NTP checkbox has been selected, and therefore
should be viewed as a second means to define the access point system time.
4. If using the Manual Date/Time Setting screen to define the access point’s system time, refer
to the Time Zone field to select the time used to use as complimentary information to the
information entered within the Manual Date/Time Setting screen.
System Configuration
!
CAUTION If using the Radius time-based authentication feature to authenticate
access point user permissions, ensure UTC has been selected from
the Time Zone field. If UTC is not selected, time based authentication
will not work properly. For information on configuring Radius
time-based authentication, see Defining User Access Permissions by
Group on page 6-76.
5. If using an NTP server to supply system time to the access point, configure the NTP Server
Configuration field to define the server network address information required to acquire
the access point network time.
Enable NTP on access Select the Enable NTP on access point checkbox to allow a
connection between the access point and one or more specified
point
NTP servers. A preferred, first alternate and second alternate NTP
server cannot be defined unless this checkbox is selected.
Disable this option (uncheck the checkbox) if Kerberos is not in use
and time synchronization is not necessary.
Preferred Time Server Specify the numerical (non DNS name) IP address and port of the
primary NTP server. The default port is 123.
First Alternate Time
Server
Optionally, specify the numerical (non DNS name) IP address and
port of an alternative NTP server to use for time synchronization if
the primary NTP server goes down.
Second Alternate
Time Server
Optionally, specify the numerical (non DNS name) and port of yet
another NTP server for the greatest assurance of uninterrupted
time synchronization.
Synchronization
Interval
Define an interval in minutes the access point uses to synchronize
its system time with the NTP server. A synchronization interval
value from 15 minutes to 65535 minutes can be specified. For
implementations using Kerberos, a synchronization interval of 15
minutes (default interval) or sooner is recommended.
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the Date and time Settings screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being
lost.
7. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on Date and Time Settings screen to the last saved configuration.
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8. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.8 Logging Configuration
The access point provides the capability for periodically logging system events that prove useful in
assessing the throughput and performance of the access point or troubleshooting problems on the
access point managed Local Area Network (LAN). Use the Logging Configuration screen to set the
desired logging level (standard syslog levels) and view or save the current access point system log.
To configure event logging for the access point:
1. Select System Configuration - > Logging Configuration from the access point menu
tree.
2. Configure the Log Options field to save event logs, set the log level and optionally port the
access point’s log to an external server.
System Configuration
View Log
Click View to save a log of events retained on the access point.
The system displays a prompt requesting the administrator
password before saving the log. After the password has been
entered, click Get File to display a dialogue with buttons to Open
or Save the log.txt file. Click Save and specify a location to save
the log file.
Use the WordPad application to view the saved log.txt file on a
Microsoft Windows based computer. Do not view the log file using
Notepad, as the Notepad application does not properly display the
formatting of the access point log file. Log entries are not saved in
the access point. While the AP is in operation, log data temporarily
resides in memory. AP memory is completely cleared each time the
AP reboots.
Logging Level
Use the Logging Level drop-down menu to select the desired log
level for tracking system events. Eight logging levels, (0 to 7) are
available. Log Level 6: Info is the access point default log level.
These are the standard UNIX/LINUX syslog levels.The levels are as
follows:
0 - Emergency
1 - Alert
2 - Critical
3 - Errors
4 - Warning
5 - Notice
6 - Info
7 - Debug
Enable logging to an The access point can log events to an external syslog (system log)
external syslog server server. Select the Enable logging to an external syslog server
checkbox to enable the server to listen for incoming syslog
messages and decode the messages into a log for viewing.
Syslog server IP
address
If the Enable logging to an external syslog server checkbox is
selected, the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of an external
syslog server is required in order to route the syslog events to that
destination.
3. Click Apply to save any changes to the Logging Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
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4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Logging Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.9 Importing/Exporting Configurations
All of the configuration settings for an access point can be obtained from another access point in the
form of a text file. Additionally, all of the access point’s settings can be downloaded to another access
point. Use the file-based configuration feature to speed up the setup process significantly at sites
using multiple access points.
Another benefit is the opportunity to save the current AP configuration before making significant
changes or restoring the default configuration. All options on the access point are deleted and
updated by the imported file. Therefore, the imported configuration is not a merge with the
configuration of the target access point. The exported file can be edited with any document editor if
necessary.
NOTE Use the System Settings screen as necessary to restore an access
point’s default configuration. For more information on restoring
configurations, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
The export function will always export the encrypted Admin User password. The import function will
import the Admin Password only if the access point is set to factory default. If the access point is not
configured to factory default settings, the Admin User password WILL NOT get imported.
NOTE When modifying the text file manually and spaces are used for wireless,
security, MU policy names etc., ensure you use “\20” between the spaces.
For example, “Second\20Floor\20Lab”. When imported, the name would
display as “Second Floor Lab”.
!
CAUTION A single-radio model access point cannot import/export its
configuration to a dual-radio model access point. In turn, a dual-radio
model access point cannot import/export its configuration to a singleradio access point.
Use the Config Import/Export screen to configure an import or export operation for access point
configuration settings.
System Configuration
!
CAUTION Motorola discourages importing a 1.0 baseline configuration file to a
1.1 version access point. Similarly, a 1.1 baseline configuration file
should not be imported to a 1.0 version access point. Importing
configuration files between different versions results in broken
configurations, since new features added to the 1.1 version access
point cannot be supported in a 1.0 version access point.
To create an importable/exportable access point configuration file:
1. Select System Configuration - > Config Import/Export from the access point menu tree.
2. Configure the FTP and TFTP Import/Export field to import/export configuration settings.
Filename
Specify the name of the configuration file to be written to the FTP
or TFTP server.
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Server IP
Enter the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of the destination
FTP or TFTP server where the configuration file is imported or
exported.
Filepath (optional)
Defines the optional path name used to import/export the target
configuration file.
FTP
Select the FTP radio button if using an FTP server to import or export
the configuration.
TFTP
Select the TFTP radio button if using an FTP server to import or
export the configuration.
Username
Specify a username to be used when logging in to the FTP server. A
username is not required for TFTP server logins.
Password
Define a password allowing access to the FTP server for the import
or export operation.
Import Configuration
Click the Import Configuration button to import the configuration
file from the server with the assigned filename and login
information. The system displays a confirmation window indicating
the administrator must log out of the access point after the
operation completes for the changes to take effect. Click Yes to
continue the operation. Click No to cancel the configuration file
import.
Export Configuration
Click the Export Configuration button to export the configuration
file from the server with the assigned filename and login
information. If the IP mode is set to DHCP Client, IP address
information is not exported (true for both LAN1, LAN2 and the
WAN port). For LAN1 and LAN2, IP address information is only
exported when the IP mode is set to either static or DHCP Server.
For the WAN port, IP address information is only exported when the
This interface is a DHCP Client checkbox is not selected. For
more information on these settings, see Configuring the LAN
Interface on page 5-1 and Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-16.
The system displays a confirmation window prompting the
administrator to log out of the access point after the operation
completes for the changes to take effect. Click Yes to continue the
operation. Click No to cancel the configuration file export.
3. Configure the HTTP Import/Export field to import/export access point configuration
settings using HTTP.
System Configuration
!
CAUTION For HTTP downloads (exports) to be successful, pop-up messages
must be disabled.
Upload and Apply A
Configuration File
Click the Upload and Apply A Configuration File button to
upload a configuration file to this access point using HTTP.
Download
Configuration File
Click the Download Configuration File button to download this
access point’s configuration file using HTTP.
4. Refer to the Status field to assess the completion of the import/export operation.
Status
After executing an operation (by clicking any of the buttons in the
window), check the Status field for a progress indicator and
messages about the success or errors in executing the Import/
Export operation. Possible status messages include:
ambiguous input before marker: line <number >
unknown input before marker: line <number>
ignored input after marker: line <number>
additional input required after marker: line <number>
invalid input length: line <number>
error reading input: line <number>
import file from incompatible hardware type: line <number>
[0] Import operation done
[1] Export operation done
[2] Import operation failed
[3] Export operation failed
[4] File transfer in progress
[5] File transfer failed
[6] File transfer done
Auto cfg update: Error in applying config
Auto cfg update: Error in getting config file
Auto cfg update: Aborting due to fw update failure
The <number> value appearing at the end of some messages
relates to the line of the configuration file where an error or
ambiguous input was detected.
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!
CAUTION If errors occur when importing the configuration file, a parsing
message displays defining the line number where the error occurred.
The configuration is still imported, except for the error. Consequently,
it is possible to import an invalid configuration. The user is required to
fix the problem and repeat the import operation until an error-free
import takes place.
NOTE Motorola recommends importing configuration files using the CLI. If errors
occur during the import process, they display all at once and are easier to
troubleshoot. The access point GUI displays errors one at a time, and
troubleshooting can be a more time-consuming process.
NOTE When importing the configuration, a xxxxxbytes loaded status message
indicates the file was downloaded successfully. An Incompatible
Hardware Type Error message indicates the configuration was not applied
due to a hardware compatibility issue between the importing and
exporting devices.
5. Click Apply to save the filename and Server IP information. The Apply button does not
execute the import or export operation, only saves the settings entered.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on Config Import/Export screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Motorola Access Point applet. A prompt
displays confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
4.10 Updating Device Firmware
Motorola periodically releases updated versions of the access point device firmware to the Motorola
Web site. If the access point firmware version displayed on the System Settings page (see
Configuring System Settings on page 4-2) is older than the version on the Web site, Motorola
recommends updating the access point to the latest firmware version for full feature functionality.
The access point’s automatic update feature updates the access point’s firmware and configuration
file automatically when the access point is reset or when the access point initiates a DHCP request.
The firmware is automatically updated each time firmware versions are found to be different
between what is running on the access point and the firmware file located on the server. The
configuration file is automatically updated when the configuration file name on the server is different
System Configuration
than the name of the file previously loaded on the access point or when the file version (on the server)
is different than the version currently in use on the access point.
Additionally, the configuration version can be manually changed in the text file to cause the
configuration to be applied when required. The parameter name within the configuration file is
“cfg-version-1.1-01.” The access point only checks the two characters after the third hyphen (01)
when making a comparison. Change the last two characters to update the access point’s
configuration. The two characters can be alpha-numeric.
Upgrading from a legacy to a new firmware version is a two step process requiring the same upgrade
procedure to be repeated twice. The first upgrade will result in a bootloader change, and the second
upgrade will result in the actual firmware update. For subsequent upgrades, a single download will
suffice. Using Auto Update, the access point will automatically update itself twice when upgrading.
Upgrading to a new access point firmware baseline does not retain the configuration of the previous
(lower version) firmware. Motorola recommends users export their 1.0 configuration for backup
purposes prior to upgrading.
When downloading to a lower firmware version, all configuration settings are lost and the access
point returns to factory default settings of the lower version.
!
CAUTION If downgrading firmware from to a lower version, the access point
automatically reverts to default settings of the lower version,
regardless of whether you are downloading the firmware manually or
using the automatic download feature. The automatic feature allows
the user to download the configuration file at the same time, but since
the firmware reverts to the default settings of the lower version, the
configuration file is ignored.
For detailed update scenarios involving both a Windows DHCP and a Linux BootP server
configuration, see Configuring Automatic Updates using a DHCP or Linux BootP Server on page B-1.
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!
CAUTION Loaded and signed CA certificates will be lost when changing the
access point’s firmware version using either the GUI or CLI. After a
certificate has been successfully loaded, export it to a secure location
to ensure its availability after a firmware update.
If restoring the access point’s factory default firmware, you must
export the certificate file BEFORE restoring the access point’s factory
default configuration. Import the file back after the updated firmware
is installed. For information on using the access point CLI to import
and export the access point’s configuration, see
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> impcert on page 8-185 and
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> expcert on page 8-184.
If a firmware update is required, use the Firmware Update screen to specify a filename and define
a file location for updating the firmware.
NOTE The firmware file must be available from an FTP or TFTP site to perform
the update.
!
CAUTION Make sure a copy of the access point’s configuration is exported
before updating the firmware.
To conduct a firmware update on the access point:
1. Export the access point current configuration settings before updating the firmware to have
the most recent settings available after the firmware is updated.
Refer to Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-46 for instructions on exporting the
access point’s current configuration to have it available after the firmware is updated.
2. Select System Configuration - > Firmware Update from the access point menu tree.
System Configuration
3. Configure the DHCP Options checkboxes to enable/disable automatic firmware and/or
configuration file updates.
DHCP options are used for out-of-the-box rapid deployment for Motorola wireless products.
The following are the two options available on the access point:
• Enable Automatic Firmware Update
• Enable Automatic Configuration Update
Both DHCP options are enabled by default.
These options can be used to update newer firmware and configuration files on the access
point. For more information on how to configure a DHCP or BootP Server for the automatic
upgrade process, see Usage Scenarios on page B-1.
The update is conducted over the LAN or WAN port depending on which server responds
first to the access point’s request for an automatic update.
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Enable Automatic
Firmware Update
Enable this checkbox to allow an automatic firmware update when
firmware versions are found to be different between what is
running on the access point and the firmware that resides on the
server. A firmware update will only occur if the access point is reset
or when the access point does a DHCP request.
This feature is used in conjunction with DHCP/BootP options
configured on a DHCP or BootP server. For more information, see
Usage Scenarios on page B-1.
If this checkbox is not enabled, the firmware update is required to
be conducted manually.
Enable Automatic
Select this checkbox to allow an automatic configuration update
Configuration Update when the configuration filenames are found to be different
between the filename loaded on the access point and the
configuration filename that resides on the server or when the
configuration file versions are found to be different between the
configuration file version loaded on the access point and the
configuration file that resides on server. A configuration update
will only occur if the access point is reset or when the access point
does a DHCP request.
This feature is used in conjunction with DHCP/BootP options
configured on a DHCP or BootP server. For more information, see
Usage Scenarios on page B-1.
If this checkbox is not enabled, the configuration update is required
to be done manually.
!
CAUTION If using a Linux server configured to support the BootP “bf” option, an
automatic firmware update is not be triggered unless both the Enable
Automatic Firmware Update and Enable Automatic
Configuration Update options are selected. If the Configuration
Update option is disabled, the access point will not download the
configuration file. Without the configuration file, the access point
cannot parse for the firmware file name required to trigger the
firmware update.
If updating the access point manually, configure the Update Firmware fields as required
to set a filename and target firmware file upload location for firmware updates.
4. Specify the name of the target firmware file within the Filename field.
System Configuration
5. If the target firmware file resides within a directory, specify a complete path for the file
within the Filepath(optional) field.
6. Enter an IP address for the FTP or TFTP server used for the update. Only numerical IP address
names are supported, no DNS can be used.
7. Select FTP or TFTP to define whether the firmware file resides on a FTP or TFTP server.
8. Set the following FTP or TFTP parameters:
•Username - Specify a username for the FTP server login.
• Password - Specify a password for FTP server login. Default is motorola. A blank
password is not supported.
NOTE Click Apply to save the settings before performing the firmware update.
The user is not able to navigate the access point user interface while the
firmware update is in process.
9. Click the Perform Update button to initiate the update. Upon confirming the firmware
update, the AP reboots and completes the update.
NOTE The access point must complete the reboot process to successfully update
the device firmware, regardless of whether the reboot is conducted using
the GUI or CLI interfaces.
10. After the AP reboots, return to the Firmware Update screen. Check the Status field to verify
whether the firmware update was successful. If an error occurs, one of the following error
messages will display:
FAIL: auto fw update check
FAIL: network activity time out
FAIL: firmware check
FAIL: exceed memory limit
FAIL: authentication
FAIL: connection time out
FAIL: control channel error
FAIL: data channel error
FAIL: channel closed unexpected
FAIL: establish data channel
FAIL: accept data channel
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FAIL: user interrupted
FAIL: no valid interface found
FAIL: conflict ip address
FAIL: command exchange time out
FAIL: invalid subnet number
11. Confirm the access point configuration is the same as it was before the firmware update. If
they are not, restore the settings. Refer to Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-46
for instructions on exporting the configuration back to the access point.
12. Click Apply to save the filename and filepath information entered into the Firmware Update
screen. The Apply button does not execute the firmware, only saves the update settings
entered.
13. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on Firmware Update screen to the last saved configuration.
14. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
Network Management
Refer to the following for network management configuration activities supported by the access
point user interface:
•
•
•
•
•
Configuring the LAN Interface
Configuring WAN Settings
Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs)
Configuring WIPS Server Settings
Configuring Router Settings
5.1 Configuring the LAN Interface
The access point has one physical LAN port supporting two unique LAN interfaces. The access
point LAN port has its own MAC address. The LAN port MAC address is always the value of the
access point WAN port MAC address plus 1. The LAN and WAN port MAC addresses can be
located within the LAN and WAN Stats screens.
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For information on locating the access point’s MAC addresses, see Viewing WAN Statistics on page
7-2 and Viewing LAN Statistics on page 7-6.
Use the LAN Configuration screen to enable one (or both) of the access point’s LAN interfaces,
assign them names, define which LAN is currently active on the access point Ethernet port and assign
a timeout value to disable the LAN connection if no data traffic is detected within a defined interval.
To configure the access point LAN interface:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN from the access point menu tree.
2. Configure the LAN Settings field to enable the access point LAN1 and/or LAN2 interface,
assign a timeout value, enable 802.1q trunking, configure WLAN mapping and enable
802.1x port authentication.
Network Management
Enable
Select the LAN1 and/or LAN2 checkbox to allow the forwarding of
data traffic over the specified LAN connection. The LAN1
connection is enabled by default, but both LAN interfaces can be
enabled simultaneously. The LAN2 setting is disabled by default.
LAN Name
Use the LAN Name field to modify the existing LAN name. LAN1
and LAN2 are the default names assigned to the LANs until
modified by the user.
Ethernet Port
The Ethernet Port radio buttons allow you to select one of the two
available LANs as the LAN actively transmitting over the access
point’s LAN port. Both LANs can be active at any given time, but
only one can transmit over the access point’s physical LAN
connection, thus the selected LAN has priority.
Enable 802.1q
Trunking
Select the Enable 802.1q Trunking checkbox to enable the LAN
to conduct VLAN tagging. If selected, click the WLAN Mapping
button to configure mappings between individual WLANs and
LANs. If enabled, the access point is required to be connected to a
trunked port.
VLAN Name
Click the VLAN Name button to launch the VLAN Name screen
to create VLANs and assign them VLAN IDs. For more information,
see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
WLAN Mapping
Click the WLAN Mapping button to launch the VLAN
Configuration screen to map existing WLANs to one of the two
LANs and define the WLAN’s VLAN membership (up to 16
mappings are possible per access point). For more information, see
Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
3. Refer to the LAN Ethernet Timeout field to define how LAN Ethernet inactivity is
processed by the access point.
Use the Ethernet Port Timeout drop-down menu to define how the access point interprets
inactivity for the LAN assigned to the Ethernet port. When Enabled is selected, the access
point uses the value defined in the Sec. box (default is 30 seconds). Selecting Disabled
allows the LAN to use the Ethernet port for an indefinite timeout period. Select the
Hardware Detect option to use the pyhsical LAN port to detect activity. If the LAN port
does not detect a physical connection, the radio is unavailable to the access point.
4. Refer to the 802.1x Port Authentication field if using port authentication over the access
point’s LAN port.
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The access point only supports 802.1x authentication over its LAN port. The access point
behaves as an 802.1x supplicant to authenticate to a server on the network. If using 802.1x
authentication, enter the authentication server user name and password. The default
password is “motorola.” For information on enabling and configuring authentication
schemes on the access point, see Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes on page
6-5.
5. Use the Port Settings field to define how the access point manages throughput over the
LAN port.
Auto Negotiation
Select the Auto Negotiation checkbox to enable the access point
to automatically exchange information (over its LAN port) about
data transmission speed and duplex capabilities.
Auto negotiation is helpful when using the access point in an
environment where different devices are connected and
disconnected on a regular basis.
Selecting Auto Negotiate disables the Mbps and duplex checkbox
options.
100 Mbps
Select this option to establish a 100 Mbps data transfer rate for the
selected half duplex or full duplex transmission over the access
point’s LAN port. This option is not available if Auto Negotiation is
selected.
10 Mbps
Select this option to establish a 10 Mbps data transfer rate for the
selected half duplex or full duplex transmission over the access
point’s LAN port. This option is not available if Auto Negotiation is
selected.
half duplex
Select this option to transmit data to and from the access point, but
not at the same time. Using a half duplex transmission, the access
point can send data over its LAN port then immediately receive
data from the same direction in which the data was transmitted.
Like a full-duplex transmission, a half-duplex transmission can
carry data in both directions, just not at the same time.
full duplex
Select this option to transmit data to and from the access point at
the same time. Using full duplex, the access point can send data
over its LAN port while receiving data as well.
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the LAN Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost
if the prompts are ignored.
Network Management
7. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the LAN configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
8. Click Logout to securely exit the access point Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
5.1.1 Configuring VLAN Support
A Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) is a means to electronically separate data on the same access
point from a single broadcast domain into separate broadcast domains. The access point can group
devices on one or more WLANs so that they can communicate as if they were attached to the same
wire, when in fact they are located on a different LAN segment. Because VLANs are based on logical
instead of physical connections, they are extremely flexible. By using a VLAN, you can group by
logical function instead of physical location. A maximum of 16 VLANs can be supported on the access
point (regardless of the access point being single or dual-radio model). An administrator can map 16
WLANs to 16 VLANs and enable or disable dynamic VLAN assignment.
VLANs enable organizations to share network resources in various network segments within large
areas (airports, shopping malls, etc.). A VLAN is a group of clients with a common set of requirements
independent of their physical location. VLANs have the same attributes as physical LANs, but they
enable system administrators to group MUs even when they are not members of the same network
segment.
NOTE A WLAN supporting a mesh network does not need to be assigned to a
particular VLAN, as all the traffic proliferating the mesh network is
already trunked. However, if MUs are to be connected to the Mesh WLAN,
the WLAN will need to be tied to a VLAN.
The access point assignment of VLANs can be implemented using Static or Dynamic assignments
(often referred to as memberships) for individual WLANs. Both methods have their advantages and
disadvantages. Static VLAN membership is perhaps the most widely used method because of the
relatively small administration overhead and security it provides. With Static VLANs, you manually
assign individual WLANs to individual VLANs.
Although static VLANs are the most common form of VLAN assignments, dynamic VLAN assignment
is possible per WLAN. Configuring dynamic VLANs entail the access point sending a DHCP request
for device information (such as an IP address). Additional information (such as device MAC address
information) is sent to the access point. The access point sends this MAC address to a host housing
a copy of the Dynamic VLAN database. This database houses the records of MAC addresses and
VLAN assignments. The VLAN database looks up the MAC to determine what VLAN is assigned to it.
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If it is not in the database, it simply uses a default VLAN assignment. The VLAN assignment is sent
to the access point. The access point then maps the target WLAN for the assigned VLAN and traffic
passes normally, allowing for the completion of the DHCP request and further traffic.
To create new VLANs or edit the properties of an existing VLAN:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN from the access point menu tree.
2. Ensure the Enable 802.1q Trunking button is selected from within the LAN Setting field.
Trunk links are required to pass VLAN information between destinations. A trunk port is by
default a member of all the VLANs existing on the access point and carry traffic for all those
VLANs. Trunking is a function that must be enabled on both sides of a link.
3. Select the VLAN Name button.
The VLAN name screen displays. The first time the screen is launched a default VLAN name
of 1 and a default VLAN ID of 1 display. The VLAN name is auto-generated once the user
assigns a VLAN ID. However, the user has the option of re-assigning a name to the VLAN
using New VLAN and Edit VLAN screens.
Network Management
To create a new VLAN, click the Add button, to edit the properties of an existing VLAN, click
the Edit button.
4. Assign a unique VLAN ID (from 1 to 4095) to each VLAN added or modified.
The VLAN ID associates a frame with a specific VLAN and provides the information the
access point needs to process the frame across the network. Therefore, it may be practical
to assign a name to a VLAN representative or the area or type of network traffic it
represents.
A business may have offices in different locations and want to extend an internal LAN
between the locations. An access point managed infrastructure could provide this
connectivity, but it requires VLAN numbering be managed carefully to avoid conflicts
between two VLANs with the same ID.
5. Define a 32 character maximum VLAN Name.
Enter a unique name that identifies members of the VLAN. Motorola recommends selecting
the name carefully, as the VLAN name should signify a group of clients with a common set
of requirements independent of their physical location.
6. Click Apply to save the changes to the new or modified VLAN.
7. From the LAN Configuration screen, click the WLAN Mapping button. The Mapping
Configuration screen displays.
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8. Enter a Management VLAN Tag for LAN1 and LAN2.
The Management VLAN uses a default tag value of 1. The Management VLAN is used to
distinguish VLAN traffic flows for the LAN. The trunk port marks the frames with special
tags as they pass between the access point and its destination, these tags help distinguish
data traffic.
Authentication servers (such as Radius and Kerberos) must be on the same Management
VLAN. Additionally, DHCP and BOOTP servers must be on the same Management VLAN as
well.
9. Define a Native VLAN Tag for LAN1 and LAN2.
A trunk port configured with 802.1Q tagging can receive both tagged and untagged traffic.
By default, the access point forwards untagged traffic with the native VLAN configured for
the port. The Native VLAN is VLAN 1 by default. Motorola suggests leaving the Native VLAN
set to 1 as other layer 2 devices also have their Native VLAN set to 1.
10. Use the LAN drop-down menu to map one of the two LANs to the WLAN listed to the left.
With this assignment, the WLAN uses this assigned LAN interface.
11. Select the Dynamic checkboxes (under the Mode column) to configure the VLAN mapping
as a dynamic VLAN.
Using Dynamic VLAN assignments, a VMPS (VLAN Management Policy Server) dynamically
assigns VLAN ports. The access point uses a separate server as a VMPS server. When a
Network Management
frame arrives on the access point, it queries the VMPS for the VLAN assignment based on
the source MAC address of the arriving frame.
If statically mapping VLANs, leave the Dynamic checkbox specific to the target WLAN and
its intended VLAN unselected. The administrator is then required to configure VLAN
memberships manually.
The Dynamic checkbox is enabled only when a WLAN is having EAP configured. Otherwise,
the checkbox is disabled.
12. Use the VLAN drop-down menu to select the name of the target VLAN to map to the WLAN
listed on the left-hand side of the screen.
Motorola recommends mapping VLANs strategically in order to keep VLANs tied to the
discipline they most closely match. For example, If WLAN1 is comprised of MUs supporting
the sales area, then WLAN1 should be mapped to sales if a sales VLAN has been already
been created.
13. Click Apply to return to the VLAN Name screen. Click OK to return to the LAN screen. Once
at the LAN screen, click Apply to re-apply your changes.
5.1.2 Configuring LAN1 and LAN2 Settings
Both LAN1 and LAN2 have separate sub-screens to configure the DHCP settings used by the LAN1
and LAN2 interfaces. Within each LAN screen is a button to access a sub-screen to configure
advanced DHCP settings for that LAN. For more information, see Configuring Advanced DHCP Server
Settings on page 5-12. Additionally, LAN1 and LAN2 each have separate Type Filter submenu items
used to prevent specific (an potentially unneccesary) frames from being processed, for more
information, see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on page 5-14.
To configure unique settings for either LAN1 or LAN2:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN -> LAN1 (or LAN2) from the access point menu
tree.
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2. Configure the DHCP Configuration field to define the DHCP settings used for the LAN.
NOTE Motorola recommends the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
This interface is a
DHCP Client
Select this button to enable DHCP to set network address
information via this LAN1 or LAN2 connection. This is
recommended if the access point resides within a large corporate
network or the Internet Service Provider (ISP) uses DHCP. This
setting is enabled for LAN1 by default.
DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP address
allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters
from a DHCP server to a host. If DHCP Client is selected, the first
DHCP or BOOTP server to respond sets the IP address and network
address values since DHCP and BOOTP are interoperable.
Network Management
This interface is a
BOOTP Client
Select this button to enable BOOTP to set access point network
address information via this LAN1 or LAN2 connection.
When selected, only BOOTP responses are accepted by the access
point. If both DHCP and BOOTP services are required, do not select
BOOTP Client.
This interface uses
static IP Address
Select the This interface uses static IP Address button, and
manually enter static network address information in the areas
provided.
This interface is a
DHCP Server
The access point can be configured to function as a DHCP server
over the LAN1 or LAN2 connection. Select the This interface is a
DHCP Server button and manually enter static network address
information in the areas provided.
Address Assignment
Range
Use the address assignment parameter to specify a range of
numerical (non DNS name) IP addresses reserved for mapping
client MAC addresses to IP addresses. If a manually (static)
mapped IP address is within the IP address range specified, that IP
address could still be assigned to another client. To avoid this,
ensure all statically mapped IP addresses are outside of the IP
address range assigned to the DHCP server.
Advanced DHCP
Server
Click the Advanced DHCP Server button to display a screen used
for generating a list of static MAC to IP address mappings for
reserved clients. A separate screen exists for each of the LANs. For
more information, see Configuring Advanced DHCP Server Settings
on page 5-12.
IP Address
The network-assigned numerical (non DNS name) IP address of the
access point.
Network Mask
The first two sets of numbers specify the network domain, the next
set specifies the subset of hosts within a larger network. These
values help divide a network into subnetworks and simplify routing
and data transmission. The subnet mask defines the size of the
subnet.
Default Gateway
The Default Gateway parameter defines the numerical (non DNS
name) IP address of a router the access point uses on the Ethernet
as its default gateway.
Domain Name
Enter the name assigned to the primary DNS server.
Primary DNS Server
Enter the Primary DNS numerical (non DNS name) IP address.
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Secondary DNS
Server
Motorola recommends entering the numerical IP address of an
additional DNS server (if available), used if the primary DNS server
goes down. A maximum of two DNS servers can be used.
WINS Server
Enter the numerical (non DNS name) IP address of the WINS server.
WINS is a Microsoft NetBIOS name server. Using a WINS server
eliminates the broadcasts needed to resolve computer names to IP
addresses by providing a cache or database of translations.
Mesh STP
Configuration
Click the Mesh STP Configuration button to define bridge
settings for this specific LAN. Each of the access point’s two LANs
can have a separate mesh configuration. As the Spanning Tree
Protocol (STP) mentions, each mesh network maintains hello,
forward delay and max age timers. These settings can be used as
is using the current default settings, or be modified. However, if
these settings are modified, they need to be configured for the LAN
connecting to the mesh network WLAN.
For information on mesh networking capabilities, see Configuring
Mesh Networking on page 9-1. If new to mesh networking and in
need of an overview, see Mesh Networking Overview on page 9-1.
3. Click Apply to save any changes to the LAN1 or LAN2 screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost if the
prompts are ignored.
4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the LAN1 or LAN2 screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
5.1.2.1 Configuring Advanced DHCP Server Settings
Use the Advanced DHCP Server screen to specify (reserve) static (or fixed) IP addresses for specific
devices. Every wireless, 802.11x-standard device has a unique Media Access Control (MAC) address.
This address is the device's hard-coded hardware number (shown on the bottom or back). An example
of a MAC address is 00:A0:F8:45:9B:07.
The DHCP server can grant an IP address for as long as it remains in active use. The lease time is the
number of seconds an IP address is reserved for re-connection after its last use. Using very short
leases, DHCP can dynamically reconfigure networks in which there are more computers than
available IP addresses. This is useful, for example, in education and customer environments where
MU users change frequently. Use longer leases if there are fewer users.
Network Management
To generate a list of client MAC address to IP address mappings for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> LAN -> LAN1 (or LAN2) from the access point menu
tree.
2. Click the Advanced DHCP Server button from within the LAN1 or LAN2 screen.
3. Specify a lease period in seconds for available IP addresses using the DHCP Lease Time
(Seconds) parameter. An IP address is reserved for re-connection for the length of time you
specify. The default interval is 86400 seconds.
4. Click the Add button to create a new table entry within the Reserved Clients field.
If a statically mapped IP address is within the IP address range in use by the DHCP server,
that IP address may still be assigned to another client. To avoid this, ensure all statically
mapped IP addresses are outside of the IP address range assigned to the DHCP server.
If multiple entries exist within the Reserved Clients field, use the scroll bar to the right of
the window to navigate.
5. Click the Del (delete) button to remove a selected table entry.
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6. Click OK to return to the LAN1 or LAN2 page, where the updated settings within the
Advanced DHCP Server screen can be saved by clicking the Apply button.
7. Click Cancel to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the settings displayed to
the last saved configuration.
5.1.2.2 Setting the Type Filter Configuration
Each access point LAN (either LAN1 or LAN2) can keep a list of frame types that it forwards or
discards. The Type Filtering feature prevents specific (a potentially unneccesary) frames from being
processed by the access point in order to improve throughput. These include certain broadcast frames
from devices that consume bandwidth, but are unnecessary to access point operations.
Use the Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen to build a list of filter types and configure them
as either allowed or denied for use with the this particular LAN.
To configure type filtering on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration-> LAN -> LAN1 (or LAN2)-> Type Filter from the access
point menu tree.
The Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen displays for the LAN. No Ethernet types
are displayed (by default) when the screen is first launched.
Network Management
2. Use the all ethernet types, except drop-down menu to designate whether the Ethernet
Types defined for the LAN are allowed or denied for use by the access point.
3. To add an Ethernet type, click the Add button.
The Add Ethernet Type screen displays. Use this screen to add one type filter option at a
time, for a list of up to 16 entries.
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Packet types supported for the type filtering function include 16-bit DIX Ethernet types as
well as Motorola proprietary types. Select an Ethernet type from the drop down menu, or
enter the Ethernet type’s hexadecimal value. See your System Administrator if unsure of the
implication of adding or omitting a type from the list for either LAN1 or LAN2.
4. To optionally delete a type filtering selection from the list, highlight the packet type and click
the Delete button.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the LAN1 or LAN2 Ethernet Type Filter Configuration
screen. Navigating away from the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the
screens being lost.
6. Click Cancel to securely exit the LAN1 or LAN2 Ethernet Type Filter Configuration screen
without saving your changes.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
5.2 Configuring WAN Settings
A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a widely dispersed telecommunications network. The access point
includes one WAN port. The access point WAN port has its own MAC address. In a corporate
environment, the WAN port might connect to a larger corporate network. For a small business, the
WAN port might connect to a DSL or cable modem to access the Internet.
Use the WAN screen to set the WAN IP configuration and Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
(PPPoE) parameters.
To configure WAN settings for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN from the access point menu tree.
Network Management
2. Refer to the WAN IP Configuration field to enable the WAN interface, and set network
address information for the WAN connection.
NOTE Motorola recommends that the WAN and LAN ports should not both be
configured as DHCP clients.
Enable WAN Interface Select the Enable WAN Interface checkbox to enable a
connection between the access point and a larger network or
outside world through the WAN port.
Disable this option to effectively isolate the access point’s WAN.
No connections to a larger network or the Internet are possible.
MUs cannot communicate beyond the LAN.
By default, the WAN port is static with an IP address of 10.1.1.1.
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This interface is a
DHCP Client
This checkbox enables DHCP for the access point WAN connection.
This is useful, if the larger corporate network or Internet Service
Provider (ISP) uses DHCP.
DHCP is a protocol that includes mechanisms for IP address
allocation and delivery of host-specific configuration parameters
from a DHCP server to a host. Some of these parameters are IP
address, network mask, and gateway.
If DHCP client mode is enabled, the other WAN IP configuration
parameters are grayed out.
IP Address
Specify a numerical (non DNS name) IP address for the access
point’s WAN connection. This address defines the AP's presence on
a larger network or on the Internet.
Obtain a static (dedicated) IP address from the ISP or network
administrator. An IP address uses a series of four numbers
expressed in dot notation, for example, 190.188.12.1.
Subnet Mask
Specify a subnet mask for the access point’s WAN connection. This
number is available from the ISP for a DSL or cable-modem
connection, or from an administrator if the access point connects
to a larger network.
A subnet mask uses a series of four numbers expressed in dot
notation (similar to an IP address). For example, 255.255.255.0 is a
valid subnet mask.
Default Gateway
Specify the gateway address for the access point’s WAN
connection. The ISP or a network administrator provides this
address.
Primary DNS Server
Specify the address of a primary Domain Name System (DNS)
server. The ISP or a network administrator provides this address.
A DNS server translates a domain name (for example,
www.motorola.com) into an IP address that networks can use.
Secondary DNS
Server
Specify the address of a secondary DNS server if one is used. A
secondary address is recommended if the primary DNS server goes
down.
Network Management
More IP Addresses
Click the More IP Addresses button to specify additional static IP
addresses for the access point. Additional IP addresses are
required when users within the WAN need dedicated IP addresses,
or when servers need to be accessed (addressed) by the outside
world. The More IP Addresses screen allows the administrator to
enter up to seven additional WAN IP addresses for the access point
WAN. Only numeric, non-DNS names can be used.
If PPP over Ethernet is enabled from within the WAN screen, the
VPN WAN IP Configuration portion of the More IP Addresses
screen is enabled. Enter the IP address and subnet mask used to
provide the PPPoE connection over the access point’s WAN port.
Ensure the IP address is a numerical (non DNS) name.
Refresh
Click the Refresh button to update the network address
information displayed within the WAN IP Configuration field.
3. Use the Port Settings field to define how the access point manages throughput over the
WAN port.
Auto Negotiation
Select the Auto Negotiation checkbox to enable the access point
to automatically exchange information (over its WAN port) about
data transmission speed and duplex capabilities.
Auto negotiation is helpful when using the access point in an
environment where different devices are connected and
disconnected on a regular basis.
Selecting Auto Negotiate disables the Mbps and duplex checkbox
options.
100 Mbps
Select this option to establish a 100 Mbps data transfer rate for the
selected half duplex or full duplex transmission over the access
point’s WAN port. This option is not available if Auto Negotiation
is selected.
10 Mbps
Select this option to establish a 10 Mbps data transfer rate for the
selected half duplex or full duplex transmission over the access
point’s WAN port. This option is not available if Auto Negotiation
is selected.
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half duplex
Select this option to transmit data to and from the access point, but
not at the same time. Using a half duplex transmission, the access
point can send data over its WAN port then immediately receive
data from the same direction in which the data was transmitted.
Like a full-duplex transmission, a half-duplex transmission can
carry data in both directions, just not at the same time.
full duplex
Select this option to transmit data to and from the access point at
the same time. Using full duplex, the access point can send data
over its WAN port while receiving data as well.
4. Configure the PPP over Ethernet field to enable high speed dial-up connections to the
access point WAN port.
NOTE Be aware that the access point can (incorrectly) carry over previously
configured static IP information and maintain two connected routes once
it gets an IP address from a PPPOE connection.
Enable
Use the checkbox to enable Point-to-Point over Ethernet (PPPoE) for
a high-speed connection that supports this protocol. Most DSL
providers are currently using or deploying this protocol.
PPPoE is a data-link protocol for dialup connections. PPPoE allows
a host PC to use a broadband modem (DSL) for access to highspeed data networks.
Username
Specify a username entered when connecting to the ISP. When the
Internet session begins, the ISP authenticates the username.
Password
Specify a password entered when connecting to the ISP. When the
Internet session starts, the ISP authenticates the password.
PPPoE State
Displays the current connection state of the PPPoE client. When a
PPPoE connection is established, the status displays Connected.
When no PPPoE connection is active, the status displays
Disconnected.
Network Management
Keep-Alive
Select the Keep-Alive checkbox to maintain the WAN connection
indefinitely (no timeout interval). Some ISPs terminate inactive
connections. Enabling Keep-Alive keeps the access point’s WAN
connection active, even when there is no traffic. If the ISP drops the
connection after an idle period, the access point automatically reestablishes the connection to the ISP. Enabling Keep-Alive mode
disables (grays out) the Idle Time field.
Idle Time (seconds)
Specify an idle time in seconds to limit how long the access point’s
WAN connection remains active after outbound and inbound traffic
is not detected. The Idle Time field is grayed out if Keep-Alive is
enabled.
Authentication Type
Use the Authentication Type menu to specify the authentication
protocol(s) for the WAN connection. Choices include None, PAP or
CHAP, PAP, or CHAP.
Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) and Challenge Handshake
Authentication Protocol (CHAP) are competing identify-verification
methods.
PAP sends a username and password over a network to a server
that compares the username and password to a table of authorized
users. If the username and password are matched in the table,
server access is authorized. WatchGuard products do not support
the PAP protocol because the username and password are sent as
clear text that a hacker can read.
CHAP uses secret information and mathematical algorithms to
send a derived numeric value for login. The login server knows the
secret information and performs the same mathematical
operations to derive a numeric value. If the results match, server
access is authorized. After login, one of the numbers in the
mathematical operation is changed to secure the connection. This
prevents any intruder from trying to copy a valid authentication
session and replaying it later to log in.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the WAN screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screen being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the WAN screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
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5.2.1 Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings
Network Address Translation (NAT) converts an IP address in one network to a different IP address or
set of IP addresses in another network. The access point router maps its local (inside) network
addresses to WAN (outside) IP addresses, and translates the WAN IP addresses on incoming packets
to local IP addresses. NAT is useful because it allows the authentication of incoming and outgoing
requests, and minimizes the number of WAN IP addresses needed when a range of local IP addresses
is mapped to each WAN IP address. NAT can be applied in one of two ways:
•
One-to-one mapping with a private side IP address
The private side IP address can belong to any of the private side subnets.
•
One-to-many mapping with a configurable range of private side IP addresses
Ranges can be specified from each of the private side subnets.
To configure IP address mappings for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> NAT from the access point menu tree.
Network Management
2. Configure the Address Mappings field to generate a WAN IP address, define the NAT type
and set outbound/inbound NAT mappings.
WAN IP Address
The WAN IP addresses on the NAT screen are dynamically
generated from address settings applied on the WAN screen.
NAT Type
Specify the NAT Type as 1 to 1 to map a WAN IP address to a single
host (local) IP address. 1 to 1 mapping is useful when users need
dedicated addresses, and for public-facing servers connected to
the access point.
Set the NAT Type as 1 to Many to map a WAN IP address to
multiple local IP addresses. This displays the mappings button in
the adjacent Outbound Mappings field. This button displays a
screen for mapping the LAN IP addresses that are associated with
each subnet.
Define the NAT Type as none when routable IP addresses are used
on the internal network.
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Outbound Mappings
When 1 to 1 NAT is selected, a single IP address can be entered in
the Outbound Mappings area. This address provides a 1 to 1
mapping of the WAN IP address to the specified IP address.
When 1 to Many is selected as the NAT Type, the Outbound
Mappings area displays a 1 to Many Mappings button. Click the
button to select the LAN1 or LAN2 IP address used to set the
outbound IP address or select none to exclude the IP address.
If none is selected as the NAT Type, The Outbound Mappings area
is blank.
Inbound Mappings
When 1 to 1 or 1 to Many is selected, the Inbound Mappings
option displays a Port Forwarding button.
Port Forwarding
Click the Port Forwarding button to display a screen of port
forwarding parameters for inbound traffic from the associated
WAN IP address. for information on configuring port forwarding,
see Configuring Port Forwarding on page 5-24.
3. Click Apply to save any changes to the NAT screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the NAT screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
5.2.1.1 Configuring Port Forwarding
Use the Port Forwarding screen to configure port forwarding parameters for inbound traffic from
the associated WAN IP address.
To configure port forwarding for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> NAT from the access point menu tree.
2. Select 1 to 1 or 1 to Many from the NAT Type drop-down menu.
3. Click on the Port Forwarding button within the Inbound Mappings area.
Network Management
4. Configure the Port Forwarding screen to modify the following:
Add
Click Add to create a local map that includes the name, transport
protocol, start port, end port, IP address and Translation Port for
incoming packets.
Delete
Click Delete to remove a selected local map entry.
Name
Enter a name for the service being forwarded. The name can be any
alphanumeric string and is used for identification of the service.
Transport
Use the Transport pull-down menu to specify the transport
protocol used in this service. The choices are ALL, TCP, UDP, ICMP,
AH, ESP, and GRE.
Start Port and End Port Enter the port or ports used by the port forwarding service. To
specify a single port, enter the port number in the Start Port area.
To specify a range of ports, use both the Start Port and End Port
options to enter the port numbers. For example, enter 110 in the
Start Port field and 115 in the End Port field.
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IP Address
Enter the numerical (non DNS name) IP address to which the
specified service is forwarded. This address must be within the
specified NAT range for the associated WAN IP address.
Translation Port
Specify the port number used to translate data for the service being
forwarded.
Forward all
unspecified ports to
Use the Forward all unspecified ports to checkbox to enable
port forwarding for incoming packets with unspecified ports. In the
adjacent area, enter a target forwarding IP address for incoming
packets. This number must be within the specified NAT range for
the associated WAN IP address.
5. Click OK to return to the NAT screen. Within the NAT screen, click Apply to save any
changes made on the Port Forwarding screen.
6. Click Cancel to undo any changes made on Port Forwarding screen. This reverts all settings
for the Port Forwarding screen to the last saved configuration.
5.2.2 Configuring Dynamic DNS
The access point supports the Dynamic DNS service. Dynamic DNS (or DynDNS) is a feature offered
by www.dyndns.com which allows the mapping of domain names to dynamically assigned IP
addresses via the WAN port. When the dynamically assigned IP address of a client changes, the new
IP address is sent to the DynDNS service and traffic for the specified domain(s) is routed to the new
IP address.
NOTE DynDNS supports only the primary WAN IP address.
To configure dynamic DNS for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> DynDNS from the access point menu tree.
Network Management
2. Select the Enable checkbox to allow domain name information to be updated when the IP
address associated with that domain changes.
A username, password and hostname must be specified for domain name information to be
updated.
NOTE The username, password and hostname are required to be registered at
http://www.dyndns.com.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Enter the DynDNS Username for the account you wish to use for the access point.
Enter the DynDNS Password for the account you wish to use for the access point.
Provide the Hostname for the DynDNS account you wish to use for the access point.
Click the Update DynDNS button to update the access point’s current WAN IP address with
the DynDNS service.
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NOTE DynDNS supports devices directly connected to the Internet. Having VPN
enabled, and the DynDNS Server on the other side of the VPN is not
supported.
7. Once the DynDNS configuration has been updated, click the Show Update Response
button to open a sub-screen displaying the hostname, IP address and any messages received
during an update from the DynDNS Server.
8. Click Apply to save any changes to the Dynamic DNS screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
9. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the screen to the last saved configuration.
5.3 Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs)
A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a data-communications system that flexibly extends the
functionalities of a wired LAN. A WLAN does not require lining up devices for line-of-sight
transmission, and are thus, desirable. Within the WLAN, roaming users can be handed off from one
access point to another like a cellular phone system. WLANs can therefore be configured around the
needs of specific groups of users, even when they are not in physical proximity.
Use the access point’s Wireless Configuration screen to create new WLANs, edit the properties of
existing WLANs or delete a WLAN to create space for a new WLAN. Sixteen WLANs are available
on the access point (regardless of single or dual-radio model).
To configure WLANs on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless from the access point menu tree.
Network Management
If a WLAN is defined, that WLAN displays within the Wireless Configuration screen. When
the access point is first booted, WLAN1 exists as a default WLAN available immediately for
connection.
2. Refer to the information within the Wireless Configuration screen to view the name, ESSID,
access point radio designation, VLAN ID and security policy of existing WLANs.
WLAN Name
The Name field displays the name of each WLAN that has been
defined. The WLAN names can be modified within individual
WLAN configuration screens. See Creating/Editing Individual
WLANs on page 5-31 to change the name of a WLAN.
ESSID
Displays the Extended Services Set Identification (ESSID)
associated with each WLAN. The ESSID can be modified within
individual WLAN configuration screens. See Creating/Editing
Individual WLANs on page 5-31 to change the ESSID of a specific
WLAN.
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Radio
The Radio field displays the name of the access point radio the
WLAN is mapped to (either the 802.11a/n radio or the 802.11b/g/
n radio). To change the radio designation for a specific WLAN, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
VLAN
The VLAN field displays the specific VLAN the target WLAN is
mapped to. For information on VLAN configuration for the WLAN,
see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
Security Policy
The Security Policy field displays the security profile configured
for the target WLAN. For information on configuring security for a
WLAN, see Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes on
page 6-5.
QoS Policy
The QoS Policy field displays the quality of service currently
defined for the WLAN. This policy outlines which data types
receive priority for the user base comprising the WLAN. For
information on QoS configuration for the WLAN, see Setting the
WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
3. Click the Create button (if necessary) to launch the New WLAN screen. Use the New
WLAN screen to define the properties of a new WLAN that would display and be selectable
within the Wireless Configuration screen. For additional information, see Creating/
Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
4. Click the Edit button (if necessary) to launch the Edit WLAN screen. Use the Edit WLAN
screen to revise the properties of an existing WLAN that would continue display and be
selectable within the Wireless Configuration screen. For additional information, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
5. Consider using the Delete button to remove an existing WLAN if it has become outdated
and is no longer required or if you are coming close the maximum 16 WLANs available per
access point.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
Network Management
5.3.1 Creating/Editing Individual WLANs
If the WLANs displayed within the Wireless Configuration screen do not satisfy your network
requirements, you can either create a new WLAN or edit the properties of an existing WLAN.
NOTE Before editing the properties of an existing WLAN, ensure it is not being
used by an access point radio, or is a WLAN that is needed in its current
configuration. Once updated, the previous configuration is not available
unless saved.
Use the New WLAN and Edit WLAN screens as required to create/modify a WLAN. To create a new
WLAN or edit the properties of an existing WLAN:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless from the access point menu tree.
The Wireless Configuration screen displays.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new WLAN, or highlight a WLAN and click the Edit
button to modify an existing WLAN. Either the New WLAN or Edit WLAN screen displays.
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3. Set the parameters in the Configuration field as required for the WLAN.
ESSID
Enter the Extended Services Set Identification (ESSID) associated
with the WLAN. The WLAN name is auto-generated using the
ESSID until changed by the user. The maximum number of
characters that can be used for the ESSID is 32. Do not use any of
the following characters for an ESSID < > | " & \ ? ,
Network Management
Name
Define or revise the name for the WLAN. The name should be
logical representation of WLAN coverage area (engineering,
marketing etc.). The maximum number of characters that can be
used for the name is 31.
Available On
Use the Available On checkboxes to define whether the WLAN
you are creating or editing is available to clients on either the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio (or both radios). The Available On
checkbox should only be selected for a mesh WLAN if this target
access point is to be configured as a base bridge or repeater (base
and client bridge) on the radio. If the radio for the WLAN is to be
defined as a client bridge only, the Available On checkbox should
not be selected. For more information on defining a WLAN for
mesh support, see Configuring a WLAN for Mesh Networking
Support on page 9-9.
Max MUs
Use the Max MUs field to define the number of MUs permitted to
interoperate within the new or revised WLAN. The maximum (and
default) is 127. However, each access point can only support a
maximum 127 MUs spanned across its 16 available WLANs. If you
intend to define numerous WLANs, ensure each is using a portion
of the 127 available MUs and the sum of the supported MUs across
all WLANs does not exceed 127.
MU Idle Timeout
Set an MU Idle Timeout the access point uses to timeout
idle mobile units from WLAN inclusion. When exceeded, the MU
must re-establish its credentials to assume operation within the
WLAN. Set a value between 1 - 65535 minutes. the default value
is 30 minutes.
Enable Client Bridge
Backhaul
Select the Enable Client Bridge Backhaul checkbox to make the
WLAN available in the WLAN drop-down menu within the Radio
Configuration screen. This checkbox can be ignored for WLANs
not supporting mesh networking, to purposely exclude them from
the list of WLANs available in the Radio Configuration page
selected specifically for mesh networking support. Only WLANs
defined for mesh networking support should have this checkbox
selected.
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Enable Hotspot
!
Select the Enable Hotspot checkbox to allow this WLAN (whether
it be a new or existing WLAN) to be configured for hotspot support.
Clicking the Configure Hotspot button launches a screen wherein
the parameters of the hotspot can be defined. For information on
configuring a target WLAN for hotspot support, see Configuring
WLAN Hotspot Support on page 5-47. For an overview of what a
hotspot is and what it can provide your wireless network, see
Hotspot Support on page 1-18.
CAUTION A WLAN cannot be enabled for both mesh and hotspot support at the
same time. Only one of these two options can be enabled at one time,
as the GUI and CLI will prevent both from being enabled.
NOTE If 802.11a/n is selected as the radio used for the WLAN, the WLAN
cannot use a Kerberos supported security policy.
4. Configure the Security field as required to set the data protection requirements for the
WLAN.
NOTE A WLAN configured to support Mesh should not have a Kerberos or
802.1x EAP security policy defined for it, as these two authentication
schemes are not supported within a Mesh network.
Security Policy
Use the scroll down Security Policies menu to select the security
scheme best suited for the new or revised WLAN. Click the Create
button to jump to the New Security Policy screen where a new
policy can be created to suit the needs of the WLAN. For more
information, see Configuring WLAN Security Policies on page 5-36.
MU Access Control
Select an ACL policy suiting the WLAN‘s MU introperability
requirements from the drop-down menu. If the existing ACL
policies do not satisfy the requirements of the WLAN, a new ACL
policy can be created by pressing the Create button. For more
information, see Configuring a WLAN Access Control List (ACL) on
page 5-38.
Kerberos User Name
Displays the read-only Kerboros User Name used to associate the
wireless client. This value is the ESSID of the access point.
Network Management
Kerberos Password
Enter a Kerberos password if Kerberos has been selected as the
security scheme from within the Security Policies field. The field
is grayed out if Kerberos has not been selected for the WLAN. For
information on configuring Kerberos, see Configuring Kerberos
Authentication on page 6-8.
5. Configure the Advanced field as required to set MU interoperability permissions, secure
beacon transmissions, broadcast ESSID acceptance and Quality of Service (QoS) policies.
!
Disallow MU to MU
Communication
The MU-MU Disallow feature prohibits MUs from communicating
with each other even if they are on different WLANs, assuming one
of the WLAN’s is configured to disallow MU-MU communication.
Therefore, if an MU’s WLAN is configured for MU-MU disallow, it
will not be able to communicate with any other MUs connected to
this access point.
Use Secure Beacon
Select the Use Secure Beacon checkbox to not transmit the
access point’s ESSID. If a hacker tries to find an ESSID via an MU,
the ESSID does not display since the ESSID is not in the beacon.
Motorola recommends keeping the option enabled to reduce the
likelihood of hacking into the WLAN.
Accept Broadcast
ESSID
Select the Accept Broadcast ESSID checkbox to associate an
MU that has a blank ESSID (regardless of which ESSID the access
point is currently using). Sites with heightened security
requirements may want to leave the checkbox unselected and
configure each MU with an ESSID. The default is unselected, thus
not allowing the acceptance of broadcast ESSIDs.
Quality of Service
Policy
If QoS policies are undefined (none), select the Create button to
launch the New QoS Policy screen. Use this screen to create a
QoS policy, wherein data traffic for the new or revised WLAN can
be prioritized to best suit the MU transmissions within that WLAN.
For more information, see Setting the WLAN Quality of Service
(QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
CAUTION When using the access point’s hotspot functionality, ensure MUs are
re-authenticated when changes are made to the characteristics of a
hotspot enabled WLAN, as MUs within the WLAN will be dropped
from device association.
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6. Click Apply to save any changes to the WLAN screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
7. Click Cancel to securely exit the New WLAN or Edit WLAN screen and return to the
Wireless Configuration screen.
5.3.1.1 Configuring WLAN Security Policies
As WLANs are being defined for an access point, a security policy can be created or an existing policy
edited (using the Create or Edit buttons within the Security Configuration screen) to best serve the
security requirements of the WLAN. Once new policies are defined, they are available within the
New WLAN or Edit WLAN screens and can be mapped to any WLAN. A single security policy can
be used by more than one WLAN if its logical to do so. For example, there may be two or more WLANs
within close proximity of each other requiring the same data protection scheme.
To create a new security policy or modify an existing policy:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
The Security Configuration screen appears with existing policies and their attributes
displayed.
Network Management
NOTE When the access point is first launched, a single security policy (default)
is available and mapped to WLAN 1. It is anticipated numerous additional
security policies will be created as the list of WLANs grows.
Configuring a WLAN security scheme with a discussion of all the authentication and
encryption options available is beyond the scope of this chapter. See Chapter 6, Configuring
Access Point Security on page 6-1 for more details on configuring access point security.
For detailed information on the authentication and encryption options available to the
access point and how to configure them, see to Configuring Security Options on page 6-2
and locate the section that describes your intended security scheme.
2. Click Logout to exit the Security Configuration screen.
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5.3.1.2 Configuring a WLAN Access Control List (ACL)
An Access Control List (ACL) affords a system administrator the ability to grant or restrict MU access
by specifying a MU MAC address or range of MAC addresses to either include or exclude from access
point connectivity. Use the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen to create new
ACL policies (using the New MU ACL Policy sub-screen) or edit existing policies (using the Edit MU
ACL Policy sub-screen). Once new policies are defined, they are available for use within the New
WLAN or Edit WLAN screens to assign to specific WLANs based on MU interoperability
requirements.
Motorola recommends using the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screens strategically to
name and configure ACL policies meeting the requirements of the particular WLANs they may map
to. However, be careful not to name policies after specific WLANs, as individual ACL policies can be
used by more than one WLAN. For detailed information on assigning ACL policies to specific WLANs,
see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
To create or edit ACL policies for WLANs:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> MU ACL from the access point menu tree.
The Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen displays with existing ACL
policies and their current WLAN (if mapped to a WLAN).
NOTE When the access point is first launched, a single ACL policy (default) is
available and mapped to WLAN 1. It is anticipated numerous additional
ACL policies will be created as the list of WLANs grows.
Network Management
2. Click the Create button to configure a new ACL policy, or select a policy and click the Edit
button to modify an existing ACL policy. The access point supports a maximum of 16 MU ACL
policies.
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Either the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screens display.
3. Assign a name to the new or edited ACL policy that represents an inclusion or exclusion
policy specific to a particular type of MU traffic you may want to use with a single or group
of WLANs. More than one WLAN can use the same ACL policy.
4. Configure the parameters within the Mobile Unit Access Control List field to allow or
deny MU access to the access point.
The MU adoption list identifies MUs by their MAC address. The MAC address is the MU's
unique Media Access Control number printed on the device (for example, 00:09:5B:45:9B:07)
by the manufacturer. A maximum of 200 MU MAC addresses can be added to the New/Edit
MU ACL Policy screen.
Access for the listed
Mobile Units
Use the drop-down list to select Allow or Deny. This rule applies
to the MUs listed in the table. For example, if the adoption rule is
to Allow, access is granted for all MUs except those listed in the
table.
Network Management
Add
Click the Add button to create a new entry using only the Start
MAC column to specify a MAC address, or uses both the Start
MAC and End MAC columns to specify a range of MAC addresses.
Delete
Click the Delete button to remove a selected list entry.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screen
and return to the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking Apply results in changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Cancel to securely exit the New MU ACL Policy or Edit MU ACL Policy screen and
return to the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen.
7. Click Logout within the Mobile Unit Access Control List Configuration screen to securely
exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the logout before the applet is
closed.
5.3.1.3 Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy
The access point can keep a list of QoS policies that can be used from the New WLAN or Edit
WLAN screens to map to individual WLANs. Use the Quality of Service Configuration screen to
configure WMM policies that can improve the user experience for audio, video and voice applications
by shortening the time between packet transmissions for higher priority (multimedia) traffic.
Use the Quality of Service Configuration screen to define the QoS policies for advanced network
traffic management and multimedia applications support. If the existing QoS policies are insufficient,
a new policy can be created or an existing policy can be modified using the New QoS Policy or Edit
QoS Policy screens. Once new policies are defined, they are available for use within the New
WLAN or Edit WLAN screens to assign to specific WLANs based on MU interoperability
requirements.
Motorola recommends using the New QoS Policy and Edit QoS Policy screens strategically to name
and configure QoS policies meeting the requirements of the particular WLANs they may to. However,
be careful not to name policies after specific WLANs, as individual QoS policies can be used by more
than one WLAN. For detailed information on assigning QoS policies to specific WLANs, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
To configure QoS policies:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> QoS from the access point menu tree.
The Quality of Service Configuration screen displays with existing QoS policies and their
current WLAN (if mapped to a WLAN).
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NOTE When the access point is first launched, a single QoS policy (default) is
available and mapped to WLAN 1. It is anticipated additional QoS policies
will be created as the list of WLANs grows.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new QoS policy, or select a policy and click the Edit
button to modify an existing QoS policy. The access point supports a maximum of 16 QoS
policies.
Network Management
3. Assign a name to the new or edited QoS policy that makes sense to the access point traffic
receiving priority. More than one WLAN can use the same QoS policy.
4. Select the Support Voice prioritization checkbox to allow legacy voice prioritization.
Certain products may not receive priority over other voice or data traffic. Consequently,
ensure the Support Voice Prioritization checkbox is selected if using products that do not
support Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) to provide preferred queuing for these VOIP products.
If the Support Voice Prioritization checkbox is selected, the access point will detect nonWMM capable (legacy) phones that connect to the access point and provide priority
queueing for their traffic over normal data.
NOTE Wi-fi functionality requires both the access point and its associated
clients are WMM-capable and have WMM enabled. WMM enabled
devices can take advantage of their QoS functionality only if using
applications that support WMM, and can assign an appropriate priority
level to the traffic streams they generate.
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5. Use the two Multicast Address fields to specify one or two MAC addresses to be used for
multicast applications. Some VoIP devices make use of multicast addresses. Using this
mechanism ensures that the multicast packets for these devices are not delayed by the
packet queue.
6. Use the drop-down menu to select the radio traffic best representing the network
requirements of this WLAN. Options include:
!
manual
Select the manual option if intending to manually set the Access
Categories for the radio traffic within this WLAN. Only advanced
users should manually configure the Access Categories, as setting
them inappropriately could negatively impact the access point’s
performance.
11ag - wifi
Use this setting for high-end multimedia devices that using the
high rate 802.11a or 802.11g radio.
11b - wifi
Use this setting for high-end devices multimedia devices that use
the 802.11b radio.
11ag - default
Use this setting for typical “data-centric” MU traffic over the high
rate 802.11a or 802.11g radio.
11b - default
Use this setting for typical “data-centric” MU traffic over the
802.11b radio.
11ag voice
Use this setting for “Voice-Over-IP” traffic over the high rate
802.11a or 802.11g radio.
11b voice
Use this setting for “Voice-Over-IP” traffic over the 802.11b radio.
CAUTION Motorola recommends using the drop-down menu to define the
intended radio traffic within the WLAN. Once an option is selected,
you do not need to adjust the values for the Access Categories, unless
qualified to do so. Changing the Access Category default values could
negatively impact the performance of the access point.
7. Select the Enable Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) QoS Extensions checkbox to configure
the access point’s QoS Access Categories. The Access Categories are not configurable
unless the checkbox is selected. Access Categories include:
Network Management
Background
Backgrounds traffic is typically of a low priority (file transfers, print
jobs ect.). Background traffic typically does not have strict latency
(arrival) and throughput requirements.
Best Effort
Best Effort traffic includes traffic from legacy devices or
applications lacking QoS capabilities. Best Effort traffic is
negatively impacted by data transfers with long delays as well as
multimedia traffic.
Video
Video traffic includes music streaming and application traffic
requiring priority over all other types of network traffic.
Voice
Voice traffic includes VoIP traffic and typically receives priority over
Background and Best Effort traffic.
8. Configure the CW min and CW max (contention windows), AIFSN (Arbitrary Inter-Frame
Space Number) and TXOPs Time (opportunity to transmit) for each Access Category. Their
values are explained as follows.
CW Min
The contention window minimum value is the least amount of time
the MU waits before transmitting when there is no other data
traffic on the network. The longer the interval, the lesser likelihood
of collision. This value should be set to a smaller increment for
higher priority traffic. Reduce the value when traffic on the WLAN
is anticipated as being smaller.
CW Max
The contention window maximum value is the maximum amount of
time the MU waits before transmitting when there is no other data
traffic on the network. The longer the interval, the lesser likelihood
of collision, but the greater propensity for longer transmit periods.
AIFSN
The AIFSN is the minimum interframe space between data packets
transmitted for the selected Access Category. This value should be
set to a smaller increment for higher priority traffic to reduce
packet delay time.
TXOPs Time 32usec
The TXOPs Time is the interval the transmitting MU is assigned
for transmitting. The default for Background traffic is 0. The same
TXOPs values should be used for either the 802.11a/n or
802.11b/g/n radio, there is no difference.
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TXOPs Time ms
TXOP times range from 0.2 ms (background priority) to 3 ms (video
priority) in a 802.11a/n network, and from 1.2 ms to 6 ms in an
802.11b/g/n network. The TXOP bursting capability greatly
enhances the efficiency for high rate traffic such as streaming
video.
9. Click Apply to save any changes to the New QoS Policy or Edit QoS Policy screen to return
to the Quality of Service Configuration screen. Navigating away from the screen without
clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
10. Click Cancel to securely exit the New QoS Policy or Edit QoS Policy screen and return to the
Quality of Service Configuration screen.
11. Click Logout within the Quality of Service Configuration screen to securely exit the Access
Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
U-APSD (WMM Power Save) Support
The access point now supports Unscheduled Automatic Power Save Delivery (U-APSD), often referred
to as WMM Power Save. U-APSD provides a periodic frame exchange between a voice capable MU
and the access point during a VoIP call, while legacy power management is still utilized for typical
data frame exchanges. The access point and its associated MU activate the new U-APSD power save
approach when a VoIP traffic stream is detected. The MU then buffers frames from the voice traffic
stream and sends a VoIP frame with an implicit "poll" request to its associated access point. The
access point responds to the poll request with buffered VoIP stream frame(s). When a voice-enabled
MU wakes up at a designated VoIP frame interval, it sends a VoIP frame with an implicit "poll" request
to its associated access point. The access point responds to the poll request with buffered VoIP
stream frame(s).
NOTE The access point ships with the U-APSD feature disabled by default. It is
automatically enabled when WMM is enabled for a WLAN. Thus, U-APSD
is only functional when WMM is enabled. If WMM is disabled, then
U-APSD is disabled as well.
Network Management
5.3.1.4 Configuring WLAN Hotspot Support
The access point enables hotspot operators to provide user authentication and accounting without a
special client application. The access point uses a traditional Internet browser as a secure
authentication device. Rather than rely on built-in 802.11security features to control access point
association privileges, configure a WLAN with no WEP (an open network). The access point issues
an IP address to the user using a DHCP server, authenticates the user and grants the user to access
the Internet.
When a user visits a public hotspot and wants to browse to a Web page, they boot up their laptop
and associate with the local Wi-Fi network by entering the correct SSID. They then start a browser.
The hotspot access controller forces this un-authenticated user to a Welcome page from the hotspot
Operator that allows the user to login with a username and password.
The access point hotspot functionality requires the following:
• HTTP Redirection - Redirects unauthenticated users to a specific page specified by the
Hotspot provider.
• User authentication - Authenticates users using a Radius server.
• Walled garden support - Enables a list of IP address (not domain names) accessed
without authentication.
• Billing system integration - Sends accounting records to a Radius accounting server.
!
CAUTION When using the access point’s hotspot functionality, ensure MUs are
re-authenticated when changes are made to the characteristics of a
hotspot enabled WLAN, as MUs within the WLAN will be dropped
from access point device association.
To configure hotspot functionality for an access point WLAN:
1. Ensure the Enable Hotspot checkbox is selected from within the target WLAN screen, and
ensure the WLAN is properly configured.
Any of the sixteen WLANs on the access point can be configured as a hotspot. For hotspot
enabled WLANs, DHCP, DNS, HTTP and HTTPS traffic is allowed (before you login to the
hotspot), while TCP/IP packets are redirected to the port on the subnet to which the WLAN
is mapped. For WLANs not hotspot-enabled, all packets are allowed.
2. Click the Configure Hotspot button within the WLAN screen to display the Hotspot
Configuration screen for that target WLAN.
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3. Refer to the HTTP Redirection field to specify how the Login, Welcome, and Fail pages are
maintained for this specific WLAN. The pages can be hosted locally or remotely.
.
Use Default Files
Select the Use Default Files checkbox if the login, welcome and
fail pages reside on the access point.
Network Management
Use External URL
Select the Use External URL checkbox to define a set of external
URLs for hotspot users to access the login, welcome and fail pages.
To create a redirected page, you need to have a TCP termination
locally. On receiving the user credentials from the login page, the
access point connects to a radius server, determines the identity of
the connected wireless user and allows the user to access the
Internet based on successful authentication.
4. Use the External URL field to specify the location of the login page, welcome page and fail
page used for hotspot access. Defining these settings is required when the Use External
URL checkbox has been selected within the HTTP Redirection field.
NOTE If an external URL is used, the external Web pages are required to forward
user credentials to the access point, which in turn forwards them to the
authentication Server (either onboard or external server) in order to grant
users Web access.
Login Page URL
Define the complete URL for the location of the Login page. The
Login screen will prompt the hotspot user for a username and
password to access the Welcome page.
Welcome Page URL
Define the complete URL for the location of the Welcome page. The
Welcome page asserts the hotspot user has logged in successfully
and can access the Internet.
Fail Page URL
Define the complete URL for the location of the Fail page. The Fail
screen asserts the hotspot authentication attempt failed, you are
not allowed to access the Internet and you need to provide correct
login information to access the Internet.
5. Select the Enable Hotspot User Timeout checkbox to define a timeout interval forcing
users (when exceeded) to re-establish their login credentials to continue using the access
point supported hotspot.
Leaving the checkbox unselected is not recommended unless you plan to provide unlimited
hotspot support to users.
If this option is selected, enter an interval (between 15 and 180 minutes). When the provided
interval is exceeded, the user is logged out of their hotspot session and forced to login to
the hotspot again to access to the hotspot supported WLAN. The default timeout interval is
15 minutes.
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NOTE The Enable Hotspot User Timeout option is only available if using the
access point’s internal Radius Server for user authentication.
6. Click the White List Entries button (within the WhiteList Configuration field) to create
a set of allowed destination IP addresses. These allowed destination IP addresses are called
a White List. Ten configurable IP addresses are allowed for each WLAN. For more
information, see Defining the Hotspot White List on page 5-51.
NOTE If using an external Web Server over the WAN port, and the hotspot’s
HTTP pages (login or welcome) redirect to the access point’s WAN IP
address for CGI scripts, the IP address of the external Web server and the
access point’s WAN IP address should be entered in the White List.
7. Refer to the Radius Accounting field to enable Radius accounting and specify the a
timeout and retry value for the Radius server.
Enable Accounting
Select the Enable Accounting checkbox to enable a Radius
Accounting Server used for Radius authentication for a target
hotspot user.
Server Address
Specify an IP address for the external Radius Accounting server
used to provide Radius accounting for the hotspot. If using this
option, an internal Radius server cannot be used. The IP address of
the internal Radius server is fixed at 127.0.0.1 and cannot be used
for the external Radius server.
Radius Port
Specify the port on which the Radius accounting server is listening.
Shared Secret
Specify a shared secret for accounting authentication for the
hotspot. The shared secret is required to match the shared secret
on the external Radius accounting server.
Timeout
Set the timeout value in seconds (1-255) used to timeout users
accessing the Radius Accounting server if they have not
successfully accessed the Accounting Server.
Retries
Define the number of retries (1-10) the user is allowed to access
the Radius Accounting Server if the first attempt fails. The default
is 1.
Network Management
8. Refer to the Radius Configuration field to define a primary and secondary Radius server
port and shared secret password.
Select mode
Use the Select mode drop-down menu to define whether an
Internal or External server is to be used for the primary server.
Pri Server IP
Define the IP address of the primary Radius server. This is the
address of your first choice for Radius server.
Pri Port
Enter the TCP/IP port number for the server acting as the primary
Radius server. The default port is 1812.
Pri Secret
Enter the shared secret password used with the primary Radius
Server.
Sec Server IP
Define the IP address of the secondary Radius server. This is the
address of your second choice for Radius server.
Sec Port
Enter the TCP/IP port number for the server acting as the secondary
Radius server. The default port is 1812.
Sec Secret
Enter the shared secret password used with the secondary Radius
Server.
9. Click OK to save any changes to the Hotspot Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
10. Click Cancel (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Cancel reverts the settings displayed
on the Hotspot Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
Defining the Hotspot White List
To host a Login, Welcome or Fail page on the external Web server, the IP address of that Web server
should be in access point’s White List.
NOTE If using an external Web Server over the WAN port, and the hotspot’s
HTTP pages (login or welcome) redirect to the access point’s WAN IP
address for CGI scripts, the IP address of the external Web server and the
access point’s WAN IP address should be entered in the White List.
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When a client requests a URL from a Web server, the login handler returns an HTTP redirection status
code (for example, 301 Moved Permanently), which indicates to the browser it should look for the
page at another URL. This other URL can be a local or remote login page (based on the hotspot
configuration). The login page URL is specified in the location’s HTTP header.
To host a Login page on the external Web server, the IP address of the Web server should be in the
White list (list of IP addresses allowed to access the server) configuration. Ensure the Login page is
designed so the submit action always posts the login data on the access point.
To define the White List for a target WLAN:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Click the White List Entries button from within the WLAN’s Hotspot Config screen.
Click the Add button to define an IP address for an allowed destination IP address.
Select a White List entry and click the Del button to remove the address from the White List.
Click OK to return to the Hotspot Config screen where the configuration can be saved by
clicking the Apply button.
Now user enters his/her credentials on Login page and submits the page. Login Handler will
execute a CGI script, which will use this data as input.
5. Click Cancel to return to the Hotspot Config screen without saving any of the White List
entries defined within the White List Entries screen.
Network Management
5.3.2 Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration
Each access point WLAN can have a separate 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio configured and mapped
to that WLAN. The first step is to enable the radio.
One of two possible radio configuration pages are available on the access point depending on which
model SKU is purchased. If the access point is a single-radio model, the Radio Configuration screen
enables you to configure the single radio for either 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n use. The Radio
Configuration screen contains two radio buttons whose selection is mutually exclusive.
If the access point is a dual-radio model, the Radio Configuration screen enables you to configure
one radio for 802.11a/n use and the other for 802.11b/g/n (no other alternatives exist for the dualradio model). Using a dual-radio access point, individual 802.11a/n and 802.11b/g/n radios can be
enabled or disabled using the Radio Configuration screen checkboxes.
NOTE This section describes mesh networking (setting the radio’s base and
client bridge configuration) at a high level. For a detailed overview on the
theory of mesh networking, see Mesh Networking Overview on page 9-1.
For detailed information on the implications of setting the mesh network
configuration, see Configuring Mesh Networking Support on page 9-6. To
review mesh network deployment scenarios, see Mesh Network
Deployment - Quick Setup on page 9-20.
The Radio Configuration screen displays with two tabs. One tab each for the access point’s radios.
Verify both tabs are selected and configured separately to enable the radio(s), and set their mesh
networking definitions.
To set the access point radio configuration (this example is for a dual-radio access point):
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Radio Configuration from the access
point menu tree.
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2. Enable the radio(s) using the Enable checkbox(es).
Review the Radio Function to assess if this radio is currently functioning as a WLAN radio
or has been dedicated as a WIPS sensor.
Refer to RF Band of Operation parameter to ensure you are enabling the correct
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio. After the settings are applied within this Radio
Configuration screen, the Radio Status and MUs connected values update. If this is an
existing radio within a mesh network, these values update in real-time.
!
CAUTION If a radio is disabled, be careful not to accidentally configure a new
WLAN, expecting the radio to be operating when you have forgotten it
was disabled.
3. Select the Base Bridge checkbox to allow the radio to accept client bridge connections
from other access points in client bridge mode. The base bridge is the acceptor of mesh
network data from those client bridges within the mesh network and never the initiator.
Network Management
4. If the Base Bridge checkbox has been selected, use the Max# Client Bridges parameter
to define the client bridge load on a particular base bridge.
The maximum number of client bridge connections per radio is 12, with 24 representing the
maximum for dual-radio models.
!
CAUTION An access point is Base Bridge mode logs out whenever a Client
Bridge associates to the Base Bridge over the LAN connection. This
problem is not experienced over the access point’s WAN connection. If
this situation is experienced, log-in to the access point again.
Once the settings within the Radio Configuration screen are applied (for an initial
deployment), the current number of client bridge connections for this specific radio displays
within the CBs Connected field. If this is an existing radio within a mesh network, this
value updates in real-time.
!
CAUTION A problem could arise if a Base Bridge’s Indoor channel is not
available on an Outdoor Client Bridge's list of available channels. As
long as an Outdoor Client Bridge has the Indoor Base Bridge channel
in its available list of channels, it can associate to the Base Bridge.
5. Select the Client Bridge checkbox to enable the access point radio to initiate client bridge
connections with other mesh network supported access point’s using the same WLAN.
If the Client Bridge checkbox has been selected, use the Mesh Network Name drop-down
menu to select the WLAN (ESS) the client bridge uses to establish a wireless link. The
default setting, is (WLAN1). Motorola recommends creating (and naming) a WLAN
specifically for mesh networking support to differentiate the Mesh supported WLAN from
non-Mesh supported WLANs.
!
CAUTION An access point in client bridge mode cannot use a WLAN configured
with a Kerberos or EAP 802.1x based security scheme, as these
authentication types secure user credentials not the mesh network
itself.
NOTE Ensure you have verified the radio configuration for both Radio 1 and
Radio 2 before saving the existing settings and exiting the Radio
Configuration screen.
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Once the settings within the Radio Configuration screen are applied (for an initial
deployment), the current number of base bridges visible to the radio displays within the BBs
Visible field, and the number of base bridges currently connected to the radio displays
within the BBs Connected field. If this is an existing radio within a mesh network, these
values update in real-time.
6. Click the Advanced button to define a prioritized list of access points to define Mesh
Connection links. For a detailed overview on mesh networking and how to configure the
radio for mesh networking support, see Configuring Mesh Networking Support on page 9-6.
7. If using a dual-radio model access point, refer to the Mesh Timeout drop-down menu to
define whether one of the radio’s beacons on an existing WLAN or if a client bridge radio
uses an uplink connection. The Mesh Timeout value is not available on a single-radio access
point, since the radio would have to stop beaconing and go into scan mode to determine if
a base bridge uplink is lost. The following drop-down menu options are available:
Disabled
When disabled, both radios are up at boot time and beaconing. If
one radio (radio 1) does not have a mesh connection, the other
radio (radio 2) is not affected. Radio 2 continues to beacon and
associate MUs, but MU's can only communicate amongst
themselves using the access point. Disabled is the default value.
Uplink Detect
When Uplink Detect is selected, the access point only boots up the
radio configured as a client bridge. The access point boots up the
second radio as soon as the first mesh connection is established.
However, if the client bridge radio loses its uplink connection, the
second radio shuts down immediately. Uplink detect is the
recommended setting within a multi-hop mesh network.
Enabled
If the mesh connection is down on one radio (radio 1), the other
radio (radio 2) is brought down and stops beaconing after the
timeout period (45 - 65535 seconds). This allows the client bridge
(radio 1) to roam without dropping the MU's associated to radio 2.
The disadvantage is that radio 2 may beacon for the timeout period
and have to drop associated MU's because radio 1 could not
establish its uplink. The default timeout period is 45 seconds.
NOTE The Mesh Time Out variable overrides the Ethernet Port Time Out (EPTO)
setting on the LAN page when the access point is in bridge mode. As long
as the mesh is down, the access point acts in accordance to the Mesh
Time Out setting regardless of the state of the Ethernet. However, if the
Ethernet goes down and the mesh link is still up, the EPTO takes effect.
Network Management
For a detailed overview on mesh networking and how to configure the radio for mesh
networking support, see Configuring Mesh Networking Support on page 9-6.
8. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radio Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
!
CAUTION When defining a Mesh configuration and changes are saved, the
mesh network temporarily goes down. The Mesh network is
unavailable because the access point radio is reconfigured when
applying changes. This can be problematic for users making changes
within a deployed mesh network. If updating the mesh network using
a LAN connection, the access point applet loses connection and the
connection must be re-instated. If updating the mesh network using a
WAN connection, the access point applet does not lose connection,
but the mesh network is unavailable until the changes have been
applied.
9. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Radio Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
10. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
Once the target radio has been enabled from the Radio Configuration screen, configure
the radio’s properties by selecting it from the access point menu tree.
For more information, see Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
5.3.2.1 Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio
Configure an 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio by selecting the radio’s name (as defined using the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio configuration screen described below) as a sub-menu item under the
Radio Configuration menu item. Use the radio configuration screen to set the radio’s placement
properties, define the radio’s threshold and QoS settings, set the radio’s channel and antenna settings
and define beacon and DTIM intervals.
To configure the access point’s 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Radio Configuration -> Radio1 (default
name) from the access point menu tree.
On a single-radio model, Radio1 could either be an 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio
depending on which radio has been enabled.
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2. Configure the Properties field to assign a name and placement designation for the radio.
Placement
Use the Placement drop-down menu to specify whether the radio
is located outdoors or indoors. Default placement depends on the
country of operation selected for the access point.
MAC Address
The access point, like other Ethernet devices, has a unique,
hardware encoded Media Access Control (MAC) or IEEE address.
MAC addresses determine the device sending or receiving data. A
MAC address is a 48-bit number written as six hexadecimal bytes
separated by colons. For example: 00:A0:F8:24:9A:C8. For
additional information on access point MAC address assignments,
see AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment on page 1-27.
Radio Type
The Radio Type parameter simply displays the radio type as
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n. This field is read only and always
displays the radio type selected from the access point menu tree
under the Radio Configuration item.
Network Management
ERP Protection
Extended Rate PHY (ERP) allows 802.11g MUs to interoperate with
802.11b only MUs. ERP Protection is managed automatically by the
access point and informs users when 802.11b MUs are present
within the access point’s coverage area. The presence of 802.11b
MUs within the 802.11g coverage area negatively impacts network
performance, so this feature should looked to as an indicator of
why network performance has been degraded.
HT Protection
Displays the HT Protection state, and whether a non HT protected
MU is currently associated with the AP-7131.
3. Configure the Channel, Power and Rate Settings field to assign a channel, antenna
diversity setting, radio transmit power level and data rate.
802.11 b/g/n mode
For radio1, specify B, G and N, B and G, G Only, B only or N Only
to define whether the 802.11b/g/n radio transmits in the 2.4 Ghz
band exclusively for 802.11b (legacy) clients or transmits in the 2.4
Ghz band for 802.11g/n clients. Selecting b and g enables the
access point to transmit to both b and g clients if legacy clients
(802.11b) partially comprise the network. Select accordingly based
on the MU requirements of the network.
The rates for the access point’s 2.4 GHz radio are as follows:
B, G and N - Allows only basic rates (default setting).
B and G - Allows 11b basic rates. Does not allow MCS rates.
G and N - Requires basic rates (either 6, 12, 24 or 1, 2, 5.5, 11, 6,
12, 24).
G Only - Requires one 11g basic rate. Does not allow MCS rates.
B Only - Allows for 11b rates only. Does not allow G or N rates.
N Only - Requires basic MCS rates.
Note: If the mode is B and G, the Channel Width option is not
available, and a Secondary Channel cannot be defined.
For the 5 GHz radio, specify A and N, A Only or N Only to define
whether the 802.11a/n radio transmits in the 5 Ghz band
exclusively for 802.11a clients, 802.11n clients or transmits in the
5 Ghz band for both 802.11a/n clients.
A Only - Allows 11a rates.
N Only - Requires basic MCS rates.
A and N - Allows only 11a basic rates (default setting).
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Channel Width
Select the Channel Width (MHz) from the drop-down menu. The
AP radio can support 20 and 40 MHz channel widths. 20 MHz is the
default setting for the 2.4 GHz radio. 20/40 MHz operation (the
default setting for the 5 GHz radio) allows the AP-7131 to receive
packets from clients using 20 MHz of bandwidth while transmitting
a packet using 40 MHz bandwidth. This mode is supported for 11n
users on both the 2.4 and 5 GHz radios. If an 11n user selects two
channels (a Primary and Secondary channel), the system is
configured for dynamic 20/40 operation.
When 20/40 is selected, clients can take advantage of “wider
channels.” 802.11n clients experience improved throughput using
40 MHz while legacy clients (either 802.11a or 802.11b/g
depending on the radio selected) can still be serviced without
interruption using 20 MHz. Define a value as needed depending on
the channel used. This field is not available when B and G is
selected as the 802.11 b/g/n mode.
Channel Selection
The following channel selection options exist:
User Selected - This is the default setting. If 20/40 MHz is
selected as the Channel Width (supporting 11n), the Secondary
Channel drop-down menu becomes enabled. The user must define
the primary channel first. Then, depending on the primary channel
defined, the secondary channel list is filled with channels making
the combination of primary and secondary channels valid. The
actual channels available depend on regulatory domain
requirements.
Automatic - When the access point is booted, the access point
scans non-overlapping channels listening for beacons from other
access points. After the channels are scanned, it will select the
channel with the fewest access points. In the case of multiple
access points on the same channel, it will select the channel with
the lowest average power level.
The Random option is available for use with the 802.11a/n radio.
To comply with Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) requirements in
the European Union, the 802.11a/n radio uses a randomly selected
channel each time the access point is powered on.
Power Level
Use the drop-down menu to defines the transmit power of the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n antenna(s). The values are expressed in
dBm and mW.
Network Management
Set Rates
Click the Set Rates button to define minimum and maximum data
transmit rates for the radio.
Use the Basic Rates drop-down menu to select the rates available
for either the 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz radio band. The menu options differ,
based on the radio band.
For 2.4 GHz, the following options are available:
• 1 and 2 Mbps
• 1, 2, 5.5 and 11 Mbps (default setting)
• 1, 2, 5.5, 11 and 6, 12, 24 Mbps
• 1, 2, 5.5, 11 and 6, 12, 24 Mbps and MCS 0-7
• 6, 12 and 24 Mbps
• 6, 12 and 24 Mbps and MCS 0-7
• MCS 0-7
For 5 Ghz, the following options are available:
• 6, 12 and 24 Mbps
• 6, 12 and 24 Mbps and MCS 0-7
• MCS 0-7
When a basic rate option is selected (from the drop-down menu),
the rates are automatically selected and grayed out in the
Supported Rates radio boxes. Select remaining rates as needed
for additional supported rates.
Enable the Support Short Guard Interval checkbox to set a guard
interval (for interference protection) for 20 MHz and 40 MHz
channel widths. When enabled, the AP’s radio defines values to
enable a packet to be transmitted with guard interval based on the
configuration and capabilities of associated clients. Clients can
associate to an AP-7131 regardless of whether they support a short
guard interval.
If supporting 802.11n, select a Supported MCS index (0-15). Set
a MCS (modulation and coding scheme) in respect to the radio’s
channel width and guard interval. A MCS defines (based on RF
channel conditions) an optimal combination of 8 data rates, bonded
channels, multiple spatial streams, different guard intervals and
modulation types. MUs can associate as long as they support basic
MCS (as well as non-11n basic rates).
Click OK to implement the selected rates and return to the radio
configuration screen. Clicking Cancel reverts the Set Rates screen
to the last saved configuration.
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4. Configure the Performance field to set the preamble, thresholds values and QoS values for
the radio.
Network Management
Support Short
Preamble
The preamble is approximately 8 bytes of packet header generated
by the access point and attached to a packet prior to transmission
from the 802.11b radio. The preamble length for 802.11b
transmissions is rate dependant. A short preamble is 50% shorter
than a long preamble. Leave the checkbox unselected if in a mixed
MU/AP environment, as MUs and the access point are required to
have the same RF Preamble settings for interoperability. The
default is Disabled. The preamble length for 802.11a and 802.11g
transmissions is the same, with no long or short preamble lengths.
RTS Threshold
RTS allows the access point to use RTS (Request To Send) on
frames longer than the specified length. The default is 2341bytes.
Set RF QoS
Click the Set RF QoS button to display the Set RF QOS screen to
set QoS parameters for the radio. Do not confuse with the QoS
configuration screen used for a WLAN. The Set RF QoS screen
initially appears with default values displayed.
Select manual from the Select Parameter set drop-down menu
to edit the CW min and CW max (contention window), AIFSN
(Arbitrary Inter-Frame Space Number) and TXOPs Time for each
Access Category. These are the QoS policies for the 802.11a/n or
802.11b/g/n radio, not the QoS policies configured for the WLAN
(as created or edited from the Quality of Service Configuration
screen).
Motorola recommends only advanced users manually set these
values. If the type of data-traffic is known, use the drop-down
menu to select an option representative of the intended radio band
support. Wifi represents multimedia traffic, default is typical data
traffic and voice is for “Voice-Over-IP” supported wireless devices.
Click OK to implement the selected QoS values and return to the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio configuration screen. Clicking
Cancel reverts the screen to the last saved configuration.
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Set Aggregation
Select the Enable Transmit A-MSDU checkbox (within the
A-MSDU Aggregation field) to allow the aggregation of MAC
Service frames. When enabled, long frames can be both sent and
received (up to 4 KB). Set the A-MSDU buffer limit to either 3839
bytes (default) or 7935 bytes.
Select the Enable Transmit A-MPDU checkbox (within the
A-MPDU Aggregation field) to allow the aggregation of MAC
Protocol frames. When enabled, long frames can be both sent and
received (up to 64 KB). When enabled, define an A-MPDU Transmit
Size Limit (default is 2 bytes), A-MPDU Receive Size Limit (default
is 65535 bytes) and an A-MPDU Minimum Spacing Time (default is
0 usec). Set these values as appropriate to broadcast the maximum
length A-MPDU transmit and receive intervals that can be used.
Network Management
5. Refer to the Beacon Settings field to set the radio beacon and DTIM intervals.
Beacon Interval
The beacon interval controls the performance of power save
stations. A small interval may make power save stations more
responsive, but it will also cause them to consume more battery
power. A large interval makes power save stations less responsive,
but could increase power savings. The default is 100. Avoid
changing this parameter as it can adversely affect performance.
DTIM Interval
The DTIM interval defines how often broadcast frames are
delivered for each of the four access point BSSIDs. If a system has
an abundance of broadcast traffic and it needs to be delivered
quickly, Motorola recommends decreasing the DTIM interval for
that specific BSSID. However, decreasing the DTIM interval
decreases the battery life on power save stations. The default is 10
for each BSSID. Motorola recommends using the default value
unless qualified to understand the performance risks of changing it.
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6. Refer to the QBSS Load Element Settings field to determine whether channel usage data
is transmitted to associated devices.
Enable QBSS load
element
When enabled, the access point communicates channel usage data
to associated devices using an interval you define. The QBSS load
represents the percentage of time the channel is in use by the
access point and the access point’s MU count. This information is
helpful in assessing the access point’s overall load on a channel, its
availability for additional device associations and multi media
traffic support. This setting is enabled by default.
QBSS Beacon Interval Set the QBSS beacon (transmission) interval the access point uses
for sending QBSS data to associated devices.
7. Select the Advanced Settings tab to strategically map BSSIDs to WLANs in order to define
them as primary WLANs.
Defining Primary WLANs allows an administrator to dedicate BSSIDs (4 BSSIDs are
available for mapping) to WLANs. From that initial BSSID assignment, Primary WLANs can
Network Management
be defined from within the WLANs assigned to BSSID groups 1 through 4. Each BSSID
beacons only on the primary WLAN.
The user should assign each WLAN to its own BSSID. In cases where more than four WLANs
are required, WLANs should be grouped according to their security policies so all of the
WLANs on a BSSID have the same security policy. It is generally a bad idea to have WLANs
with different security policies on the same BSSID, as this will result in warning or error
messages.
NOTE If using a single-radio access point, there are 4 BSSIDs available. If using
a dual-radio access point, 4 BSSIDs for the 802.11b/g/n radio and 4
BSSIDs for the 802.11a/n radio are available.
WLAN
Lists the WLAN names available to the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n
radio that can be assigned to a BSSID.
BSSID
Assign a BSSID value of 1 through 4 to a WLAN in order to map the
WLAN to a specific BSSID.
BC/MC Cipher
A read only field displaying the downgraded BC/MC (Broadcast/
Multicast) cipher for a WLAN based on the BSSID and VLAN ID to
which it has been mapped.
Status
Displays the following color coded status:
Red - Error (Invalid Configuration)
Yellow - Warning (Broadcast Downgrade)
Green - Good (Configuration is OK)
Message
Displays the verbal status of the WLAN and BSSID assignments. If
the Status column displays green, the Message will typically be
Configuration is OK. If yellow, a description of invalid
configuration displays.
8. Use the Primary WLAN drop-down menu to select a WLAN from those WLANs sharing the
same BSSID. The selected WLAN is the primary WLAN for the specified BSSID.
9. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radio Settings and Advanced Settings screens.
Navigating away from the screen without clicking Apply results in changes to the screens
being lost.
10. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made to the screen and its subscreens. Undo Changes reverts the settings to the last saved configuration.
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11. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
5.3.3 Configuring Bandwidth Management Settings
The access point can be configured to grant individual WLAN’s network bandwidth priority levels. Use
the Bandwidth Management screen to control the network bandwidth allotted to individual
WLANs. Define a weighted scheme as needed when WLAN traffic supporting a specific network
segment becomes critical on either of the access point’s 802.11b/g/n or 802.11a/n radios. Bandwidth
management is configured on a per-WLAN basis for each access point radio. With this new
segregated radio approach, bandwidth management can be configured uniquely for individual
WLANs on different access point radios.
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Bandwidth Management from the
access point menu tree.
Network Management
2. Select either the Radio 1(802.11b/g/n) or Radio 2(802.11a/n) tab to display the WLANs
enabled for the selected radio and their existing configurations.
The WLANs displaying for the selected radio were assigned when the WLAN was created
or modified. A single WLAN can be assigned to either radio, and if necessary have different
bandwidth management configurations. To modify a WLAN-to-radio assignment, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
3. Use the Bandwidth Share Mode drop-down menu to define the order enabled WLANs
receive access point services. Select one of the following three options:
First In First Out
WLANs receive services from the access point on a first-come,
first-served basis. This is the default setting.
Round-Robin
Each WLAN receives access point services in turn as long the
access point has data traffic to forward.
Weighted RoundRobin
If selected, a weighting (prioritization) scheme (configured within
the QoS Configuration screen) is used to define which WLANs
receive access point resources first.
4. Configure the Bandwidth Share for Each WLAN field to set a raw weight (for WLANs
using the Weighted Round-Robin option) for each WLAN. The weight% changes as the
weight is entered.
If a WLAN has not been enabled from the Wireless screen, it is not configurable using the
Bandwidth Management screen. To enable a specific WLAN, see Enabling Wireless
LANs (WLANs) on page 5-28.
WLAN Name
Displays the name of the WLAN. This field is read-only. To change
the name of the WLAN, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on
page 5-31.
Weight
This column is not available unless Weighted Round-Robin is
selected. Assign a weight to each WLAN. This percentage equals
the access point bandwidth share for that WLAN when network
traffic is detected.
Weight (%)
This column is automatically updated with the appropriate WLAN
bandwidth share when the Weight is modified.
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QoS Policy
Displays the name of the QoS policy defined for each WLAN within
the Quality of Service for WLAN screen. If no policy has been
set, the WLAN uses the default policy. For information on assigning
QoS policies for specific WLANs, see Setting the WLAN Quality of
Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Bandwidth Management screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Bandwidth Management screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
NOTE Though the Rogue AP and Firewall features appear after the Bandwidth
Management features within the access point menu tree, they are
described in Chapter 6, Configuring Access Point Security on page 6-1, as
both items are data protection functions. More specifically, see,
Configuring Firewall Settings on page 6-26 and Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-54.
5.4 Configuring WIPS Server Settings
With this most recent release of the access point firmware, an access point radio can function as a
Wireless Intrusion Protection System (WIPS) sensor and upload sensor mode operation information
to its parent WIPS Server. Either or both of the access point’s radios can be set as a WIPS sensor.
When an access point radio is functioning as a WIPS sensor, it is able to scan in sensor mode across
all available channels.
NOTE WIPS support requires a Motorola AirDefense WIPS Server on the
network. WIPS functionality is not provided by the AP-7131 alone. The
AP-7131 works in conjunction with a dedicated WIPS server.
Additionally, use the WIPS screen to define a primary and alternate WIPS server to submit event
information for use within the WIPS console for device management and potential threat notification.
Network Management
The following is a network topology illustrating how WIPS functions within an AP-7131 supported
wireless network:
To define the attributes of the WIPS server:
!
CAUTION Users cannot define a radio as a WIPS sensor when one of the access
point radios is functioning as a rogue AP detector. To use one of the
radios as a WIPS sensor, you must disable its current detector
method(s) first, then set the radio for WIPS sensor support. For
information on disabling rogue AP detection, see Configuring Rogue
AP Detection on page 6-54.
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> WIPS from the access point menu tree.
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The Wireless Intrusion Prevention System screen displays.
NOTE At least one radio is required to be set to WIPS (within the Wireless
Intrusion Prevention System screen) to support WIPS on the AP-7131. If
using the access point’s CLI interface to define WIPS support, go to the
network > wireless > radio context and issue a
set rf-function <radio idx> wips command.
2. Within the WIPS Status field, define whether the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio is
servicing its coverage area as a typical access point or as a WIPS sensor.
Selecting the WLAN checkbox defines the radio as a typical access point. Selecting the
WIPS checkbox defines the radio as a WIPS sensor.
3. Define a primary and alternate WIPS server IP Address within the WIPS Server 1 and
WIPS Server 2 fields.
This is the address of the WIPS console server.
Network Management
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the WIPS screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes being discarded.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes. Undo Changes reverts the settings
displayed on the WIPS screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
5.5 Configuring Router Settings
The access point router uses routing tables and protocols to forward data packets from one network
to another. The access point router manages traffic within the network, and directs traffic from the
WAN to destinations on the access point managed LAN. Use the access point Router screen to view
the router's connected routes. To access the Router screen.
1. Select Network Configuration -> Router from the access point menu tree.
2. Refer to the access point Router Table field to view existing routes.
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The access point Router Table field displays a list of connected routes between an enabled
subnet and the router. These routes can be changed by modifying the IP address and subnet
masks of the enabled subnets.
The information in the access point Router Table is dynamically generated from settings
applied on the WAN screen. The destination for each subnet is its IP address. The subnet
mask (or network mask) and gateway settings are those belonging to each subnet. Displayed
interfaces are those associated with destination IP addresses. To change any of the network
address information within the WAN screen, see Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-16.
3. From the Use Default Gateway drop-down menu, select the WAN or either of the two
LANs (if enabled) to server as the default gateway to forward data packets from one network
to another.
4. To set or view the RIP configuration, click the RIP Configuration button.
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is an interior gateway protocol that specifies how routers
exchange routing-table information. The Router screen also allows the administrator to
select the type of RIP and the type of RIP authentication used by the switch. For more
information on configuring RIP, see Setting the RIP Configuration on page 5-75.
5. Use the User Defined Routes field to add or delete static routes.
The User Defined Routes field allows the administrator to view, add or delete internal static
(dedicated) routes.
a. Click the Add button to create a new table entry.
b. Highlight an entry and click the Del (delete) button to remove an entry.
c. Specify the destination IP address, subnet mask, and gateway information for the
internal static route.
d. Select an enabled subnet from the Interface(s) column’s drop-down menu to complete
the table entry. Information in the Metric column is a user-defined value (from 1 to
65535) used by router protocols to determine the best hop routes.
6. Click the Apply button to save the changes.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
Network Management
5.5.1 Setting the RIP Configuration
To set the RIP configuration:
1. From within the RIP Configuration field, select the RIP Type from the drop-down menu. The
following options are available:
No RIP
The No RIP option prevents the access point’s router from
exchanging routing information with other routers. Routing
information may not be appropriate to share, for example, if the
access point manages a private LAN.
RIP v1
RIP version 1 is a mature, stable, and widely supported protocol. It
is well suited for use in stub networks and in small autonomous
systems that do not have enough redundant paths to warrant the
overhead of a more sophisticated protocol.
RIP v2 (v1 compat)
RIP version 2 (compatible with version 1) is an extension of RIP v1’s
capabilities, but it is still compatible with RIP version 1. RIP version
2 increases the amount of packet information to provide the a
simple authentication mechanism to secure table updates.
RIP v2
RIP version 2 enables the use of a simple authentication
mechanism to secure table updates. More importantly, RIP version
2 supports subnet masks, a critical feature not available in RIP
version 1. This selection is not compatible with RIP version 1
support.
2. Select a routing direction from the RIP Direction drop-down menu. Both (for both
directions), Rx only (receive only), and TX only (transmit only) are available options.
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3. If RIP v2 or RIP v2 (v1 compat) is the selected RIP type, the RIP v2 Authentication field
becomes active. Select the type of authentication to use from the Authentication Type
drop-down menu. Available options include:
None
This option disables the RIP authentication.
Simple
This option enable RIP version 2’s simple authentication
mechanism. This setting activates the Password (Simple
Authentication) field.
MD5
This option enables the MD5 algorithm for data verification. MD5
takes as input a message of arbitrary length and produces a 128bit fingerprint. The MD5 setting activates the RIP v2 Authentication
settings for keys (below).
4. If the Simple authentication method is selected, specify a password of up to 15
alphanumeric characters in the Password (Simple Authentication) area.
Network Management
5. If the MD5 authentication method is selected, fill in the Key #1 field (Key #2 is optional).
Enter any numeric value between 0 and 256 into the MD5 ID area. Enter a string consisting
of up to 16 alphanumeric characters in the MD5 Auth Key area.
6. Click the OK button to return to the Router screen. From there, click Apply to save the
changes.
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Configuring Access Point Security
Security measures for the access point and its WLANs are critical. Use the available access point
security options to protect the access point LAN from wireless vulnerabilities, and safeguard the
transmission of RF packets between the access point and its associated MUs.
WLAN security can be configured on an ESS by ESS basis on the access point. Sixteen separate
ESSIDs (WLANs) can be supported on an access point, and must be managed (if necessary) between
the 802.11a/n and 802.11b/g/n radio. The user has the capability of configuring separate security
policies for each WLAN. Each security policy can be configured based on the authentication
(Kerberos, 802.1x EAP) or encryption (WEP, KeyGuard, WPA/TKIP or WPA2/CCMP) scheme best suited
to the coverage area that security policy supports.
The access point can also create VPN tunnels to securely route traffic through a IPSEC tunnel and
block transmissions with devices interpreted as Rogue APs.
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NOTE Security for the access point can be configured in various locations
throughout the access point menu structure. This chapter outlines the
security options available to the access point, and the menu locations and
steps required to configure specific security measures.
6.1 Configuring Security Options
To configure the data protection options available on the access point, refer to the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
To set an administrative password for secure access point logins, see Setting Passwords on
page 6-3.
To display security policy screens used to configure the authetication and encryption
schemes available to the access point, see Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes
on page 6-5. These security policies can be used on more than one WLAN.
To create a security policy supporting 802.1x EAP, see Configuring 802.1x EAP
Authentication on page 6-11.
To define a security policy supporting Kerberos, see, Configuring Kerberos Authentication on
page 6-8.
To create a security policy supporting WEP, see Configuring WEP Encryption on page 6-16.
To configure a security policy supporting KeyGuard, see, Configuring KeyGuard Encryption
on page 6-18.
To define a security policy supporting WPA-TKIP, see Configuring WPA/WPA2 Using TKIP on
page 6-20.
To create a security policy supporting WPA2-CCMP, see Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i)
on page 6-23.
To configure the access point to block specific kinds of HTTP, SMTP and FTP data traffic, see
Configuring Firewall Settings on page 6-26.
To create VPN tunnels allowing traffic to route securely through a IPSEC tunnel to a private
network, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
To configure the access point to block transmissions with devices detected as Rogue AP’s
(hostile devices), see Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-54.
Configuring Access Point Security
6.2 Setting Passwords
Before setting the access point security parameters, verify an administrative password for the access
point has been created to restrict access to the device before advanced device security is configured.
To password protect and restrict access point device access:
1. Connect a wired computer to the access point LAN port using a standard CAT-5 cable.
2. Set up the computer for TCP/IP DHCP network addressing and make sure the DNS settings
are not hardcoded.
3. Start Internet Explorer (with Sun Micro Systems’ Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.5 or
higher installed) and type in the default IP address in the address field.
To connect to the access point, the IP address is required. If connected to the access point
using the WAN port, the default static IP address is 10.1.1.1. The default password is
“motorola.” If connected to the access point using the LAN port, the default setting is DHCP
client. The user is required to know the IP address to connect to the access point using a
Web browser.
The access point Login screen displays.
NOTE For optimum compatibility use Sun Microsystems’ JRE 1.5 or higher
(available from Sun’s Web site), and be sure to disable Microsoft’s Java
Virtual Machine if it is installed.
NOTE DNS names are not supported as a valid IP address for the access point.
The user is required to enter a numerical IP address.
4. Log in using the “admin” as the default Username and “motorola” as the default
Password.
If the default login is successful, the Change Admin Password window displays. Change
the default login and password to significantly decrease the likelihood of hacking.
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!
CAUTION Restoring the access point’s configuration back to default settings
changes the administrative password back to “motorola.” If restoring
the configuration back to default settings, be sure you change the
administrative password accordingly.
5. Enter the previous password and the new admin password in the two fields provided. Click
the Apply button.
Once the admin password has been created/updated, the System Settings screen displays.
If the access point has not had its System Settings (device name, location etc.) configured,
see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
Once the password has been set, refer back to Configuring Security Options on page 6-2 to
determine which access point security feature to configure next.
6.2.1 Resetting the Access Point Password
The access point has a means of restoring its password to its default value. Doing so also reverts the
access point’s security, radio and power management configuration to their default settings. Only an
installation professional should reset the access point’s password and promptly define a new
restrictive password.
To contact Motorola Support in the event of a password reset requirement, go to
http://www.symbol.com/contactsupport.
Configuring Access Point Security
!
CAUTION Only a qualified installation professional should set or restore the
access point’s radio and power management configuration in the
event of a password reset.
6.3 Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes
To complement the built-in firewall filters on the WAN side of the access point, the WLAN side of the
access point supports authentication and encryption schemes. Authentication is a challengeresponse procedure for validating user credentials such as username, password, and sometimes
secret-key information. The access point provides two schemes for authenticating users: 802.1x EAP
and Kerberos.
Encryption applies a specific algorithm to alter its appearance and prevent unauthorized reading.
Decryption applies the algorithm in reverse to restore the data to its original form. Sender and
receiver must employ the same encryption/decryption method to interoperate.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is available in two encryption modes: 40 bit (also called WEP 64) and
104 bit (also called WEP 128). The 104-bit encryption mode provides a longer algorithm (better
security) that takes longer to decode (hack) than the 40-bit encryption mode.
Each WLAN (16 WLANs available in total to an access point regardless of the model) can have a
separate security policy. However, more than one WLAN can use the same security policy. Therefore,
to avoid confusion, do not name security policies the same name as WLANs. Once security policies
have been created, they are selectable within the Security field of each WLAN screen. If the
existing default security policy does not satisfy the data protection requirements of a specific WLAN,
a new security policy (using the authentication and encryption schemes discussed above) can be
created.
To enable an existing WLAN security policy or create a new policy:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
The Security Configuration screen displays.
2. If a new security policy is required, click the Create button.
The New Security Policy screen displays with the Manually Pre-shared key/No
authentication and No Encryption options selected. Naming and saving such a policy (as
is) would provide no security and might only make sense in a guest network wherein no
sensitive data is either transmitted or received.
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However, selecting any other authetnication or encryption checkbox displays a configuration
field for the selected security scheme within the New Security Policy screen.
NOTE An existing security policy can be edited from the Security Configuration
screen by selecting an existing policy and clicking the Edit button. Use the
Edit Security Policy screen to edit the policy. For more information on
editing an existing security policy, refer to security configuration sections
described in steps 4 and 5.
3. Use the Name field to define a logical security policy name.
Remember, multiple WLANs can share the same security policy, so be careful not to name
security policies after specific WLANs or risk defining a WLAN to single policy. Motorola
recommends naming the policy after the attributes of the authentication or encryption type
selected (for example, WPA2 Allow TKIP).
4. Enable and configure an Authentication option if necessary for the target security policy.
Manually Pre-Shared
Key / No
Authentication
Select this button to disable authentication. This is the default
value for the Authentication field.
Kerberos
Select the Kerberos button to display the Kerberos
Configuration field within the New Security Policy screen. For
specific information on configuring Kerberos, see Configuring
Kerberos Authentication on page 6-8.
802.1x EAP
Select the 802.1x EAP button to display the 802.1x EAP Settings
field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring EAP, see Configuring 802.1x EAP
Authentication on page 6-11.
5. Enable and configure an Encryption option if necessary for the target security policy.
No Encryption
If No Encryption is selected, encryption is disabled for the
security policy. If security is not an issue, this setting avoids the
overhead an encryption protocol causes on the access point. No
Encryption is the default value for the Encryption field.
WEP 64 (40-bit key)
Select the WEP 64 (40 bit key) button to display the WEP 64
Settings field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring WEP 64, see Configuring WEP
Encryption on page 6-16.
Configuring Access Point Security
WEP 128 (104-bit key) Select the WEP 128 (104 bit key) button to display the WEP 128
Settings field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring WEP 128, see Configuring WEP
Encryption on page 6-16.
KeyGuard
Select the KeyGuard button to display the KeyGuard Settings
field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring KeyGuard, see Configuring KeyGuard
Encryption on page 6-18.
WPA/WPA2 TKIP
Select the WPA/WPA2 TKIP button to display the WPA/TKIP
Settings field within the New Security Policy screen. For specific
information on configuring WPA/WPA2 TKIP, see Configuring
WPA/WPA2 Using TKIP on page 6-20.
WPA2/CCMP
(802.11i)
Select the WPA2/CCMP (802.11) button to display the WPA2/
CCMP Settings field within the New Security Policy screen. For
detailed information on configuring WPA2/CCMP, see Configuring
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) on page 6-23.
6. Click Apply to keep changes made within the New Security Policy screen (if any).
Configure encryption or authentication supported security policies by referring to the
following:
access point authentication:
• To create a security policy supporting Kerberos, see, Configuring Kerberos
Authentication on page 6-8.
• To define a security policy supporting 802.1x EAP, see Configuring 802.1x EAP
Authentication on page 6-11.
access point encryption:
• To create a security policy supporting WEP, see Configuring WEP Encryption on page 616.
• To define a security policy supporting KeyGuard, see, Configuring KeyGuard Encryption
on page 6-18.
• To configure a security policy supporting WPA/TKIP, see Configuring WPA/WPA2 Using
TKIP on page 6-20.
• To create a security policy supporting WPA2/CCMP, see Configuring WPA2-CCMP
(802.11i) on page 6-23.
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7. Click Cancel to return to the target WLAN screen without keeping any of the changes made
within the New Security Policy screen.
6.4 Configuring Kerberos Authentication
Kerberos (designed and developed by MIT) provides strong authentication for client/server applications
using secret-key cryptography. Using Kerberos, a client must prove its identity to a server (and vice
versa) across an insecure network connection.
Once a client and server use Kerberos to prove their identity, they can encrypt all communications to
assure privacy and data integrity. Kerberos can only be used on the access point with Motorola 802.11b
clients.
!
CAUTION Kerberos makes no provisions for host security. Kerberos assumes
that it is running on a trusted host with an untrusted network. If host
security is compromised, Kerberos is compromised as well
Kerberos uses the Network Time Protocol (NTP) for synchronizing the clocks of its Key Distribution
Center (KDC) server(s). Use the NTP Servers screen to specify the IP addresses and ports of available
NTP servers. Kerberos requires the Enable NTP on checkbox be selected for authentication to function
properly. See Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41 to configure the NTP server.
NOTE If 802.11a/n is selected as the radio used for a specific WLAN, the WLAN
cannot use a Kerberos supported security policy, as no Motorola
802.11a/n clients can support Kerberos.
To configure Kerberos on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
If security policies supporting Kerberos exist, they appear within the Security Configuration
screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited by clicking the Edit
button. To configure a new security policy supporting Kerberos, continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting Kerberos.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the Kerberos radio button.
The Kerberos Configuration field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
Configuring Access Point Security
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Set the Kerberos Configuration field as required to define the parameters of the Kerberos
authentication server and access point.
Realm Name
Specify a realm name that is case-sensitive, for example,
MOTOROLA.COM. The realm name is the name domain/realm
name of the KDC Server. A realm name functions similarly to a DNS
domain name. In theory, the realm name is arbitrary. However, in
practice a Kerberos realm is named by uppercasing the DNS
domain name that is associated with hosts in the realm.
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Primary KDC
Specify a numerical (non-DNS) IP address and port for the primary
Key Distribution Center (KDC). The KDC implements an
Authentication Service and a Ticket Granting Service, whereby an
authorized user is granted a ticket encrypted with the user's
password. The KDC has a copy of every user password.
Backup KDC
Optionally, specify a numerical (non-DNS) IP address and port for a
backup KDC. Backup KDCs are referred to as slave servers. The
slave server periodically synchronizes its database with the
primary (or master) KDC.
Remote KDC
Optionally, specify a numerical (non-DNS) IP address and port for a
remote KDC. Kerberos implementations can use an administration
server allowing remote manipulation of the Kerberos database.
This administration server usually runs on the KDC.
Port
Specify the ports on which the Primary, Backup and Remote KDCs
reside. The default port number for Kerberos Key Distribution
Centers is Port 88.
6. Click the Apply button to return to the WLAN screen to save any changes made within the
Kerberos Configuration field of the New Security Policy screen.
7. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the Kerberos Configuration field
and return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings for the Kerberos Configuration field
to the last saved configuration.
6.5 Configuring 802.1x EAP Authentication
The IEEE 802.1x standard ties the 802.1x EAP authentication protocol to both wired and wireless LAN
applications.
The EAP process begins when an unauthenticated supplicant (client device) tries to connect with an
authenticator (in this case, the authentication server). The access point passes EAP packets from the
client to an authentication server on the wired side of the access point. All other packet types are
blocked until the authentication server (typically, a Radius server) verifies the MU’s identity.
To configure 802.1x EAP authentication on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
If security policies supporting 802.1x EAP exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
Configuring Access Point Security
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting 802.1x EAP,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting 802.1x EAP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the 802.1x EAP radio button.
The 802.1x EAP Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. If using the access point’s Internal Radius server, leave the Radius Server drop-down menu
in the default setting of Internal. If an external Radius server is used, select External from
the drop-down menu.
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6. Configure the Server Settings field as required to define address information for the
authentication server. The appearance of the Server Settings field varies depending on
whether Internal or External has been selected from the Radius Server drop-down menu.
Radius Server
Address
If using an External Radius Server, specify the numerical (non-DNS)
IP address of a primary Remote Dial-In User Service (Radius) server.
Optionally, specify the IP address of a secondary server. The
secondary server acts as a failover server if the primary server
cannot be contacted. An ISP or a network administrator provides
these addresses.
Radius is a client/server protocol and software enabling remoteaccess clients to communicate with a server used to authenticate
users and authorize access to the requested system or service. This
setting is not available if Internal has been selected from the
Radius Server drop-down menu.
RADIUS Port
If using an External Radius Server, specify the port on which the
primary Radius server is listening. Optionally, specify the port of a
secondary (failover) server. Older Radius servers listen on ports
1645 and 1646. Newer servers listen on ports 1812 and 1813. Port
1645 or 1812 is used for authentication. Port 1646 or 1813 is used
for accounting. The ISP or a network administrator needs to confirm
the appropriate primary and secondary port numbers for
authentication. This setting is not available if Internal has been
selected from the Radius Server drop-down menu.
RADIUS Shared
Secret
Specify a shared secret for authentication on the Internal or
Primary Radius server (External Radius Server only). The shared
secret is required to match the shared secret on the Radius server.
Optionally, specify a shared secret for a secondary (failover) server.
Use shared secrets to verify Radius messages (with the exception
of the Access-Request message) sent by a Radius enabled device
configured with the same shared secret.
Apply the qualifications of a well-chosen password to the
generation of a shared secret. Generate a random, case-sensitive
string using letters and numbers. Verify the shared secret is at least
22 characters to protect the Radius server from brute-force attacks.
An example of a strong and secure shared secret is:
8d#>9fq4bV)H7%a3-zE13sW.
Configuring Access Point Security
7. Select the Accounting tab as required to define a timeout period and retry interval Syslog
for MUs interoperating with the access point and EAP authentication server. The items
within this tab could be enabled or disabled depending on whether Internal or External has
been selected from the Radius Server drop-down menu.
External Radius
Server Address
Specify the IP address of the external Radius server used to provide
Radius accounting.
External Radius Port
Specify the port on which the Radius server is listening. The default
port is 1813.
External Radius
Shared Secret
Specify a shared secret for authentication. The shared secret is
required to match the shared secret on the Radius server.
MU Timeout
Specify the time (in seconds) for the access point’s retransmission
of EAP-Request packets. The default is 10 seconds. If this time is
exceeded, the authentication session is terminated.
Retries
Specify the number of retries for the MU to retransmit a missed
frame to the Radius server before it times out of the authentication
session. The default is 2 retries.
Enable Syslog
Select the Enable Syslog checkbox to enable Radius accounting
syslog messages relating to EAP events to be written to the
specified syslog server.
Syslog Server IP
Address
Enter the IP address of the destination syslog server to be used to
log EAP events.
8. Select the Reauthentication tab as required to define authentication connection policies,
intervals and maximum retries. The items within this tab are identical regardless of whether
Internal or External is selected from the Radius Server drop-down menu.
Enable
Reauthentication
Select the Enable Reauthentication checkbox to configure a
wireless connection policy so MUs are forced to reauthenticate
periodically. Periodic repetition of the EAP process provides
ongoing security for current authorized connections.
Period (30-9999) secs Set the EAP reauthentication period to a shorter interval for tighter
security on the WLAN's connections. Set the EAP reauthentication
period to a longer time interval (at most, 9999 seconds) to relax
security on wireless connections. The default interval of 3600
seconds is recommended.
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Max. Retries (1-99)
retries
Define the maximum number of MU retries to reauthenticate after
failing to complete the EAP process. Failure to reauthenticate in the
specified number of retries results in a terminated connection. The
default is 2 retries.
NOTE The default values described are the recommended values. Do not change
these values unless consulted otherwise by an administrator.
9. Select the Advanced Settings tab as required to specify a MU quiet period, timeout
interval, transmit period, and retry period for MUs and the authentication server. The items
within this tab are identical regardless of whether Internal or External is selected from the
Radius Server drop-down menu.
MU Quiet Period
(1-65535) secs
Specify an idle time (in seconds) between MU authentication
attempts, as required by the authentication server. The default is
10 seconds.
MU Timeout
(1-255) secs
Define the time (in seconds) for the access point’s retransmission
of EAP-Request packets. The default is 10 seconds.
MU Tx Period
(1-65635) secs
Specify the time period (in seconds) for the access point's
retransmission of the EAP Identity Request frame. The default is 5
seconds.
MU Max Retries
(1-10) retries
Specify the maximum number of times the access point retransmits
an EAP-Request frame to the client before it times out the
authentication session. The default is 2 retries.
Server Timeout
(1-255) secs
Specify the time (in seconds) for the access point's retransmission
of EAP-Request packets to the server. The default is 5 seconds. If
this time is exceeded, the authetnication session is terminated.
Server Max Retries
(1-255 retries)
Specify the maximum number of times for the access point to
retransmit an EAP-Request frame to the server before it times out
the authentication session. The default is 2 retries.
10. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the 802.1x EAP Settings field
(including all 5 selectable tabs) of the New Security Policy screen.
11. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the 802.1x EAP Settings field and
return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings for the 802.1x EAP Settings field to the
last saved configuration.
Configuring Access Point Security
6.6 Configuring WEP Encryption
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol specified in the IEEE Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi)
standard. WEP is designed to provide a WLAN with a level of security and privacy comparable to that
of a wired LAN.
WEP may be all that a small-business user needs for the simple encryption of wireless data. However,
networks that require more security are at risk from a WEP flaw. The existing 802.11 standard alone
offers administrators no effective method to update keys.
To configure WEP on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
If security policies supporting WEP exist, they appear within the Security Configuration
screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited by clicking the
Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting WEP, continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting WEP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select either the WEP 64 (40 bit key) or WEP 128 (104 bit key) radio button.
The WEP 64 Settings or WEP 128 Settings field displays within the New Security Policy
screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
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5. Configure the WEP 64 Settings or WEP 128 Settings field as required to define the Pass
Key used to generate the WEP keys. These keys must be the same between the access point
and its MU to encrypt packets between the two devices.
Pass Key
Specify a 4 to 32 character pass key and click the Generate button.
The pass key can be any alphanumeric string. The access point,
other proprietary routers and Motorola MUs use the algorithm to
convert a string to the same hexadecimal number. MUs without
Motorola adapters need to use WEP keys manually configured as
hexadecimal numbers.
Keys #1-4
Use the Key #1-4 areas to specify key numbers. For WEP 64 (40-bit
key), the keys are 10 hexadecimal characters in length. For WEP
128 (104-bit key), the keys are 26 hexadecimal characters in length.
Select one of these keys for activation by clicking its radio button.
Default (hexadecimal) keys for WEP 64 include:
Configuring Access Point Security
Key 1
1011121314
Key 2
2021222324
Key 3
3031323334
Key 4
4041424344
Default (hexadecimal) keys for WEP 128 include:
Key 1
101112131415161718191A1B1C
Key 2
202122232425262728292A2B2C
Key 3
303132333435363738393A3B3C
Key 4
404142434445464748494A4B4C
6. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the WEP 64 Setting or WEP 128
Setting field of the New Security Policy screen.
7. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the WEP 64 Setting or WEP 128
Setting field and return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved
configuration.
6.7 Configuring KeyGuard Encryption
KeyGuard is a proprietary encryption method developed by Motorola. KeyGuard is Motorola's
enhancement to WEP encryption, and was developed before the finalization of WPA-TKIP. This
encryption implementation is based on the IEEE Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) standard, 802.11i.
WPA2-CCMP (not KeyGuard) offers the highest level of security among the encryption methods
available with the access point.
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
If security policies supporting KeyGuard exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting KeyGuard,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting KeyGuard.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
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3. Select the KeyGuard radio button.
The KeyGuard Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Configure the KeyGuard Settings field as required to define the Pass Key used to generate
the WEP keys used with the KeyGuard algorithm. These keys must be the same between the
access point and its MU to encrypt packets between the two devices
Pass Key
Specify a 4 to 32 character pass key and click the Generate button.
The pass key can be any alphanumeric string. The access point,
other proprietary routers, and Motorola MUs use the algorithm to
convert a string to the same hexadecimal number. MUs without
Motorola adapters need to use WEP keys manually configured as
hexadecimal numbers.
Configuring Access Point Security
Keys #1-4
Use the Key #1-4 areas to specify key numbers. The keys are 26
hexadecimal characters in length. Select one of these keys for
activation by clicking its radio button.
Default (hexadecimal) keys for KeyGuard include:
Key 1
101112131415161718191A1B1C
Key 2
202122232425262728292A2B2C
Key 3
303132333435363738393A3B3C
Key 4
404142434445464748494A4B4C
6. Select the Allow WEP128 Clients checkbox (from within the KeyGuard Mixed Mode
field) to enable WEP128 clients to associate with an access point’s KeyGuard supported
WLAN. The WEP128 clients must use the same keys as the KeyGuard clients to interoperate
within the access point’s KeyGuard supported WLAN.
7. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within the KeyGuard Setting field of the
New Security Policy screen.
8. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the KeyGuard Setting field and
return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved configuration.
6.8 Configuring WPA/WPA2 Using TKIP
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a robust encryption scheme specified in the IEEE Wireless Fidelity
(Wi-Fi) standard, 802.11i. WPA provides more sophisticated data encryption than WEP. WPA is
designed for corporate networks and small-business environments where more wireless traffic
allows quicker discovery of encryption keys by an unauthorized person.
The encryption method is Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP). TKIP addresses WEP’s weaknesses
with a re-keying mechanism, a per-packet mixing function, a message integrity check, and an
extended initialization vector.
Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (WPA2) is an enhanced version of WPA. WPA2 uses the Advanced
Encryption Standard (AES) instead of TKIP. AES supports 128-bit, 192-bit and 256-bit keys.
WPA/WPA2 also provide strong user authentication based on 802.1x EAP. To configure WPA/WPA2
encryption on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
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If security policies supporting WPA-TKIP exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting WPA-TKIP,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting WPA-TKIP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the WPA/WPA2 TKIP radio button.
The WPA/TKIP Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Configure the Key Rotation Settings area as needed to broadcast encryption key changes
to MUs and define the broadcast interval.
Configuring Access Point Security
Broadcast Key
Rotation
Select the Broadcast Key Rotation checkbox to enable or disable
broadcast key rotation. When enabled, the key indices used for
encrypting/decrypting broadcast traffic will be alternatively
rotated on every interval specified in the Broadcast Key Rotation
Interval. Enabling broadcast key rotation enhances the broadcast
traffic security on the WLAN. This value is disabled by default.
Update broadcast
keys every (300604800 seconds)
Specify a time period in seconds to rotate the key index used for the
broadcast key. Set the interval to a shorter duration like 3600
seconds for tighter broadcast traffic security on the wireless LAN.
Set the interval to a longer duration like 86400 seconds for less
broadcast traffic security requirements. Default value is 86400
secs.
6. Configure the Key Settings area as needed to set an ASCII Passphrase and key values.
ASCII Passphrase
To use an ASCII passphrase (and not a hexadecimal value), select
the checkbox and enter an alphanumeric string of 8 to 63
characters. The alphanumeric string allows character spaces. The
access point converts the string to a numeric value. This
passphrase saves the administrator from entering the 256-bit key
each time keys are generated.
256-bit Key
To use a hexadecimal value (and not an ASCII passphrase), select
the checkbox and enter 16 hexadecimal characters into each of the
four fields displayed.
Default (hexadecimal) 256-bit keys for WPA/TKIP include:
1011121314151617
18191A1B1C1D1E1F
2021222324252627
28292A2B2C2D2E2F
7. Enable WPA2-TKIP Support as needed to allow WPA2 and TKIP client interoperation.
Allow WPA2-TKIP
clients
WPA2-TKIP support enables WPA2 and TKIP clients to operate
together on the network.
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8. Configure the Fast Roaming (802.1x only) field as required to enable additional access
point roaming and key caching options. This feature is applicable only when using 802.1x
EAP authentication with WPA2-TKIP.
Pre-Authentication
Selecting this option enables an associated MU to carry out an
802.1x authentication with another access point before it roams to
it. The access point caches the keying information of the client until
it roams to the other access point. This enables the roaming client
to start sending and receiving data sooner by not having to do
802.1x authentication after it roams. This feature is only supported
when 802.1x EAP authentication and WPA2-TKIP is enabled.
NOTE PMK key caching is enabled internally by default for WPA2-TKIP when
802.1x EAP authentication is enabled.
9. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within this New Security Policy screen.
10. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the WPA/TKIP Settings field and
return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved configuration.
6.9 Configuring WPA2-CCMP (802.11i)
WPA2 is a newer 802.11i standard that provides even stronger wireless security than Wi-Fi Protected
Access (WPA) and WEP. CCMP is the security standard used by the Advanced Encryption Standard
(AES). AES serves the same function TKIP does for WPA-TKIP. CCMP computes a Message Integrity
Check (MIC) using the proven Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) technique. Changing just one bit in a
message produces a totally different result.
WPA2/CCMP is based on the concept of a Robust Security Network (RSN), which defines a hierarchy
of keys with a limited lifetime (similar to TKIP). Like TKIP, the keys the administrator provides are used
to derive other keys. Messages are encrypted using a 128-bit secret key and a 128-bit block of data.
The end result is an encryption scheme as secure as any the access point provides.
To configure WPA2-CCMP on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Security from the access point menu tree.
If security policies supporting WPA2-CCMP exist, they appear within the Security
Configuration screen. These existing policies can be used as is, or their properties edited
Configuring Access Point Security
by clicking the Edit button. To configure a new security policy supporting WPA2-CCMP,
continue to step 2.
2. Click the Create button to configure a new policy supporting WPA2-CCMP.
The New Security Policy screen displays with no authentication or encryption options
selected.
3. Select the WPA2/CCMP (802.11i) checkbox.
The WPA2/CCMP Settings field displays within the New Security Policy screen.
4. Ensure the Name of the security policy entered suits the intended configuration or function
of the policy.
5. Configure the Key Rotation Settings field as required to set Broadcast Key Rotation and
the update interval.
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Broadcast Key
Rotation
Select the Broadcast Key Rotation checkbox to enable or disable
broadcast key rotation. When enabled, the key indices used for
encrypting/decrypting broadcast traffic will be alternatively
rotated on every interval specified in the Broadcast Key Rotation
Interval. Enabling broadcast key rotation enhances the broadcast
traffic security on the WLAN. This value is disabled by default.
Update broadcast
keys every (300604800 seconds)
Specify a time period in seconds to rotate the key index used for the
broadcast key. Set the interval to a shorter duration like 3600
seconds for tighter broadcast traffic security on the wireless LAN.
Set the interval to a longer duration like 86400 seconds for less
broadcast traffic security requirements. Default value is 86400
secs.
6. Configure the Key Settings area as needed to set an ASCII Passphrase and 128-bit key.
ASCII Passphrase
To use an ASCII passphrase (and not a hexadecimal value), select
the checkbox enter an alphanumeric string of 8 to 63 characters.
The string allows character spaces. The access point converts the
string to a numeric value. This passphrase saves the administrator
from entering the 256-bit key each time keys are generated.
256-bit Key
To use a hexadecimal value (and not an ASCII passphrase), select
the checkbox and enter 16 hexadecimal characters into each of the
four fields displayed.
Default (hexadecimal) 256-bit keys for WP2A/CCMP include:
1011121314151617
18191A1B1C1D1E1F
2021222324252627
28292A2B2C2D2E2F
7. Configure the WPA2-CCMP Mixed Mode field as needed to allow WPA and WPA2 TKIP
client interoperation.
Configuring Access Point Security
Allow
WPA/WPA2-TKIP
clients
WPA2-CCMP Mixed Mode enables WPA2-CCMP, WPA-TKIP and
WPA2-TKIP clients to operate together on the network. Enabling
this option allows backwards compatibility for clients that support
WPA-TKIP and WPA2-TKIP but do not support WPA2-CCMP.
Motorola recommends enabling this feature if WPA-TKIP or
WPA2-TKIP supported MUs operate within a WLAN populated by
WPA2-CCMP enabled clients.
8. Configure the Fast Roaming (802.1x only) field as required to enable additional access
point roaming and key caching options. This feature is applicable only when using 802.1x
EAP authentication with WPA2/CCMP.
Pre-Authentication
Selecting this option enables an associated MU to carry out an
802.1x authentication with another access point before it roams to
it. The access point caches the keying information of the client until
it roams to the other access point. This enables the roaming client
to start sending and receiving data sooner by not having to do
802.1x authentication after it roams. This feature is only supported
when 802.1x EAP authentication is enabled.
NOTE PMK key caching is enabled internally by default when 802.1x EAP
authentication is enabled.
9. Click the Apply button to save any changes made within this New Security Policy screen.
10. Click the Cancel button to undo any changes made within the WPA2/CCMP Settings field
and return to the WLAN screen. This reverts all settings to the last saved configuration.
6.10 Configuring Firewall Settings
The access point's firewall is a set of related programs located in the gateway on the WAN side of
the access point. The firewall uses a collection of filters to screen information packets for known
types of system attacks. Some of the access point's filters are continuously enabled, others are
configurable.
Use the access point’s Firewall screen to enable or disable the configurable firewall filters. Enable
each filter for maximum security. Disable a filter if the corresponding attack does not seem a threat
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in order to reduce processor overhead. Use the WLAN Security screens (WEP, Kerberos etc.) as
required for setting user authentication and data encryption parameters.
To configure the access point firewall settings:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Firewall from the access point menu tree.
2. Refer to the Global Firewall Disable field to enable or disable the access point firewall.
Disable Firewall
Select the Disable Firewall checkbox to disable all firewall
functions on the access point. This includes firewall filters, NAT, VP,
content filtering, and subnet access. Disabling the access point
firewall makes the access point vulnerable to data attacks and is
not recommended during normal operation if using the WAN port.
3. Refer to the Timeout Configuration field to define a timeout interval to terminate IP address
translations.
Configuring Access Point Security
NAT Timeout
Network Address Translation (NAT) converts an IP address in one
network to a different IP address or set of IP addresses in a
different network. Set a NAT Timeout interval (in minutes) the
access point uses to terminate the IP address translation process
if no translation activity is detected after the specified interval.
4. Refer to the Configurable Firewall Filters field to set the following firewall filters:
SYN Flood Attack
Check
A SYN flood attack requests a connection and then fails to
promptly acknowledge a destination host's response, leaving the
destination host vulnerable to a flood of connection requests.
Source Routing
Check
A source routing attack specifies an exact route for a packet's
travel through a network, while exploiting the use of an
intermediate host to gain access to a private host.
Winnuke Attack
Check
A "Win-nuking" attack uses the IP address of a destination host to
send junk packets to its receiving port.
FTP Bounce Attack
Check
An FTP bounce attack uses the PORT command in FTP mode to gain
access to arbitrary ports on machines other than the originating
client.
IP Unaligned
Timestamp Check
An IP unaligned timestamp attack uses a frame with the IP
timestamp option, where the timestamp is not aligned on a 32-bit
boundary.
Sequence Number
Prediction Check
A sequence number prediction attack establishes a three-way TCP
connection with a forged source address. The attacker guesses the
sequence number of the destination host response.
Mime Flood Attack
Check
A MIME flood attack uses an improperly formatted MIME header
in "sendmail" to cause a buffer overflow on the destination host.
Max Header Length Use the Max Header Length field to set the maximum allowable
(>=256)
header length (at least 256 bytes).
Max Headers
(>=12)
Use the Max Headers field to set the maximum number of
headers allowed (at least 12 headers).
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Firewall screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Firewall screen to the last saved configuration.
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7. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.10.1 Configuring LAN to WAN Access
The access point LAN can be configured to communicate with the WAN side of the access point. Use
the Subnet Access screen to control access from the LAN1 (or LAN2) interfaces to the WAN
interface. This access level will function as an ACL in a router to allow/deny certain IP addresses or
subnets to access certain interfaces (or subnets belonging to those interfaces) by creating access
policies. It also functions as a filter to allow/deny access for certain protocols such as HTTP, Telnet,
FTP etc.
To configure access point subnet access:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Firewall -> Subnet Access from the access point
menu tree.
2. Refer to the Overview field to view rectangles representing subnet associations. The three
possible colors indicate the current access level, as defined, for each subnet association.
Color
Access Type
Description
Green
Full Access
No protocol exceptions (rules) are specified. All traffic may
pass between these two areas.
Yellow
Limited Access
One or more protocol rules are specified. Specific protocols
are either enabled or disabled between these two areas.
Click the table cell of interest and look at the exceptions
area in the lower half of the screen to determine the
protocols that are either allowed or denied.
Red
No Access
All protocols are denied, without exception. No traffic will
pass between these two areas.
Configuring Access Point Security
3. Configure the Rules field as required to allow or deny access to selected (enabled)
protocols.
Allow or Deny all
protocols, except
Use the drop-down menu to select either Allow or Deny. The
selected setting applies to all protocols except those with enabled
checkboxes and any traffic that is added to the table. For example,
if the adoption rule is to Deny access to all protocols except those
listed, access is allowed only to those selected protocols.
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Pre configured Rules
The following protocols are preconfigured with the access point. To
enable a protocol, check the box next to the protocol name.
• HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol is the protocol for
transferring files on the Web. HTTP is an application protocol
running on top of the TCP/IP suite of protocols, the
foundation protocols for the Internet. The HTTP protocol uses
TCP port 80.
• TELNET - TELNET is the terminal emulation protocol of TCP/
IP. TELNET uses TCP to achieve a virtual connection between
server and client, then negotiates options on both sides of
the connection. TELNET uses TCP port 23.
• FTP - File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is an application protocol
using the Internet's TCP/IP protocols. FTP provides an
efficient way to exchange files between computers on the
Internet. FTP uses TCP port 21.
• SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is a TCP/IP protocol for
sending and receiving email. Due to its limited ability to
queue messages at the receiving end, SMTP is often used
with POP3 or IMAP. SMTP sends the email, and POP3 or
IMAP receives the email. SMTP uses TCP port 25.
• POP - Post Office Protocol is a TCP/IP protocol intended to
permit a workstation to dynamically access a maildrop on a
server host. A workstation uses POP3 to retrieve email that
the server is holding for it.
• DNS - Domain Name Service protocol searches for resources
using a database distributed among different name servers.
Add
Click Add to create a new table entry.
Del (Delete)
Click Del (Delete) to remove a selected list entry.
Name
Specify a name for a newly configured protocol.
Transport
Select a protocol from the drop-down menu. For a detailed
description of the protocols available, see Available Protocols on
page 6-32.
Start Port
Enter the starting port number for a range of ports. If the protocol
uses a single port, enter that port in this field.
Configuring Access Point Security
End Port
Enter the ending port number for a port range. If the protocol uses
a single port, leave the field blank. A new entry might use Web
Traffic for its name, TCP for its protocol, and 80 for its port number.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the Subnet Access screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Subnet Access screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.10.1.1 Available Protocols
Protocols that are not pre-configured can be specified using the drop down list within the Transport
column within the Subnet Access and Advanced Subnet Access screens. They include:
•
•
•
•
•
ALL - Enables all of the protocol options displayed in the drop-down menu (as described
below).
TCP - Transmission Control Protocol is a set of rules for sending data as message units over
the Internet. TCP manages individual data packets. Messages are divided into packets for
efficient routing through the Internet.
UDP - User Datagram Protocol is used for broadcasting data over the Internet. Like TCP, UDP
runs on top of Internet Protocol (IP) networks. Unlike TCP/IP, UDP/IP provides few error
recovery services. UDP offers a way to directly connect, and then send and receive
datagrams over an IP network.
ICMP - Internet Control Message Protocol is tightly integrated with IP. ICMP messages are
used for out-of-band messages related to network operation. ICMP packet delivery is
unreliable. Hosts cannot count on receiving ICMP packets for a network problem.
AH - Authentication Header is one of the two key components of IP Security Protocol (IPsec).
The other key component is Encapsulating Security Protocol (ESP).
AH provides authentication, proving the packet sender really is the sender, and the data
really is the data sent. AH can be used in transport mode, providing security between two
end points. Also, AH can be used in tunnel mode, providing security like that of a Virtual
Private Network (VPN).
•
ESP - Encapsulating Security Protocol is one of two key components of IP Security Protocol
(IPsec). The other key component is Authentication Header (AH). ESP encrypts the packets
and provides authentication services. ESP can be used in transport mode, providing security
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•
between two end points. ESP can also be used in tunnel mode, providing security like that
of a Virtual Private Network (VPN).
GRE - General Routing Encapsulation supports VPNs across the Internet. GRE is a
mechanism for encapsulating network layer protocols over any other network layer protocol.
Such encapsulation allows routing of IP packets between private IP networks across an
Internet using globally assigned IP addresses.
6.10.2 Configuring Advanced Subnet Access
Use the Advanced Subnet Access screen to configure complex access rules and filtering based on
source port, destination port, and transport protocol. To enable advanced subnet access, the subnet
access rules must be overridden. However, the Advanced Subnet Access screen allows you to import
existing subnet access rules into the advanced subnet access rules.
To configure access point Advanced Subnet Access:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Firewall -> Advanced Subnet Access from the
access point menu tree.
Configuring Access Point Security
2. Configure the Settings field as needed to override the settings in the Subnet Access screen
and import firewall rules into the Advanced Subnet Access screen.
Override Subnet
Access settings
Select this checkbox to enable advanced subnet access rules and
disable existing subnet access rules, port forwarding, and 1 to
many mappings from the system. Only enable advanced subnet
access rules if your configuration requires rules that cannot be
configured within the Subnet Access screen.
Import rules from
Subnet Access
Select this checkbox to import existing access rules (NAT, packet
forwarding, VPN rules etc.) into the Firewall Rules field. This rule
import overrides any existing rules configured in the Advanced
Subnet Access screen. A warning box displays stating the
operation cannot be undone.
3. Configure the Firewall Rules field as required add, insert or delete firewall rules into the
list of advanced rules.
Inbound or Outbound
Select Inbound or Outbound from the drop-down menu to specify
if a firewall rule is intended for inbound traffic to an interface or
outbound traffic from that interface.
Add
Click the Add button to insert a new rule at the bottom of the table.
Click on a row to display a new window with configuration options
for that field.
Insert
Click the Insert button to insert a new rule directly above a
selected rule in the table. Clicking on a field in the row displays a
new window with configuration options.
Del (Delete)
Click Del to remove the selected rule from the table. The index
numbers for all the rows below the deleted row decrease by 1.
Move Up
Clicking the Move Up button moves the selected rule up by one
row in the table. The index numbers for the affected rows adjust to
reflect the new order.
Move Down
Clicking the Move Down button moves the selected rule down by
one row in the table. The index numbers for the affected rows
adjust to reflect the new order.
Index
The index number determines the order firewall rules are executed.
Rules are executed from the lowest number to the highest number.
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Source IP
The Source IP range defines the origin address or address range
for the firewall rule. To configure the Source IP range, click on the
field. A new window displays for entering the IP address and range.
Destination IP
The Destination IP range determines the target address or
address range for the firewall rule. To configure the Destination IP
range, click on the field. A new window displays for entering the IP
address and range.
Transport
Select a protocol from the drop-down list. For a detailed description
of the protocols available, see Available Protocols on page 6-32.
Src. Ports (Source
Ports)
The source port range determines which ports the firewall rule
applies to on the source IP address. Click on the field to configure
the source port range. A new window displays to enter the starting
and ending port ranges. For rules where only a single port is
necessary, enter the same port in the start and end port fields.
Dst. Ports (Destination The destination port range determines which ports the firewall rule
Ports
applies to on the destination IP address. Click on the field to
configure the destination port range. A new window displays to
enter the starting and ending ports in the range. For rules where
only a single port is necessary, enter the same port in the start and
end port fields.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the Advanced Subnet Access screen. Navigating away
from the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Advanced Subnet Access screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.11 Configuring VPN Tunnels
The access point allows up to 25 VPN tunnels to either a VPN endpoint or to another access point.
VPN tunnels allow all traffic on a local subnet to route securely through a IPSEC tunnel to a private
network. A VPN port is a virtual port which handles tunneled traffic.
When connecting to another site using a VPN, the traffic is encrypted so if anyone intercepts the
traffic, they cannot see what it is unless they can break the encryption. The traffic is encrypted from
your computer through the network to the VPN. At that point the traffic is decrypted.
Configuring Access Point Security
Use the VPN screen to add and remove VPN tunnels. To configure an existing VPN tunnel, select it
from the list in the VPN Tunnels field. The selected tunnel’s configuration displays in a VPN Tunnel
Config field.
To configure a VPN tunnel on the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the access point menu tree.
2. Use the VPN Tunnels field to add or delete a tunnel to the list of available tunnels, list
tunnel network address information and display key exchange information for each tunnel.
Add
Click Add to add a VPN tunnel to the list. To configure a specific
tunnel, select it from the list and use the parameters within the
VPN Tunnel Config field to set its properties.
Del
Click Del to delete a highlighted VPN tunnel. There is no
confirmation before deleting the tunnel.
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Tunnel Name
The Tunnel Name column lists the name of each VPN tunnel on
the access point.
Remote Subnet
The Remote Subnet column lists the remote subnet for each
tunnel. The remote subnet is the subnet the remote network uses
for connection.
Remote Gateway
The Remote Gateway column lists a remote gateway IP address
for each tunnel. The numeric remote gateway is the gateway IP
address on the remote network the VPN tunnel connects to. Ensure
the address is the same as the WAN port address of the target
gateway AP or switch.
Key Exchange Type
The Key Exchange Type column lists the key exchange type for
passing keys between both ends of a VPN tunnel. If Manual Key
Exchange is selected, this column displays Manual. If Auto (IKE)
Key Exchange is selected, the field displays Automatic.
NOTE When creating a tunnel, the remote subnet and remote subnet mask must
be that of the target device’s LAN settings. The remote gateway must be
that of the target device’s WAN IP address.
If access point #1 has the following values:
• WAN IP address: 20.1.1.2
• LAN IP address: 10.1.1.1
• Subnet Mask: 255.0.0.0
Then, the VPN values for access point #2 should be:
• Remote subnet: 10.1.1.0 or 10.0.0.0
• Remote subnet mask: 255.0.0.0
• Remote gateway: 20.1.1.2
3. If a VPN tunnel has been added to the list of available access point tunnels, use the VPN
Tunnel Config field to optionally modify the tunnel’s properties.
Tunnel Name
Enter a name to define the VPN tunnel. The tunnel name is used to
uniquely identify each tunnel. Select a name best suited to that
tunnel’s function so it can be selected again in the future if required
in a similar application.
Configuring Access Point Security
Interface name
Use the drop-down menu to specify the LAN1, LAN2 or WAN
connection used for routing VPN traffic. Remember, only one LAN
connection can be active on the access point Ethernet port at a
time. The LAN connection specified from the LAN screen to receive
priority for Ethernet port connectivity may be the better subnet to
select for VPN traffic.
Local WAN IP
Enter the WAN’s numerical (non-DNS) IP address in order for the
tunnel to pass traffic to a remote network.
Remote Subnet
Specify the numerical (non-DNS) IP address for the Remote Subnet.
Remote Subnet Mask Enter the subnet mask for the tunnel’s remote network for the
tunnel. The remote subnet mask is the subnet setting for the
remote network the tunnel connects to.
Remote Gateway
Enter a numerical (non-DNS) remote gateway IP address for the
tunnel. The remote gateway IP address is the gateway address on
the remote network the VPN tunnel connects to.
Default Gateway
Displays the WAN interface's default gateway IP address.
Manual Key Exchange Selecting Manual Key Exchange requires you to manually enter
keys for AH and/or ESP encryption and authentication. Click the
Manual Key Settings button to configure the settings.
Manual Key Settings
Select Manual Key Exchange and click the Manual Key
Settings button to open a screen where AH authentication and
ESP encryption/authentication can be configured and keys entered.
For more information, see Configuring Manual Key Settings on
page 6-39.
Auto (IKE) Key
Exchange
Select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange checkbox to configure AH and/
or ESP without having to manually enter keys. The keys
automatically generate and rotate for the authentication and
encryption type selected.
Auto Key Settings
Select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange checkbox, and click the Auto
Key Settings button to open a screen where AH authentication
and ESP encryption/authentication can be configured. For more
information, see Configuring Auto Key Settings on page 6-43.
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IKE Settings
After selecting Auto (IKE) Key Exchange, click the IKE Settings
button to open a screen where IKE specific settings can be
configured. For more information, see Configuring IKE Key Settings
on page 6-46.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the VPN screen as well as changes made to the Auto
Key Settings, IKE Settings and Manual Key Settings screens. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the VPN, Auto Key Settings, IKE Settings and Manual Key Settings
screens to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.11.1 Configuring Manual Key Settings
A transform set is a combination of security protocols and algorithms applied to IPSec protected
traffic. During security association (SA) negotiation, both gateways agree to use a particular
transform set to protect data flow.
A transform set specifies one or two IPSec security protocols (either AH, ESP, or both) and specifies
the algorithms to use for the selected security protocol. If you specify an ESP protocol in a transform
set, specify just an ESP encryption transform or both an ESP encryption transform and an ESP
authentication transform.
When the particular transform set is used during negotiations for IPSec SAs, the entire transform set
(the combination of protocols, algorithms, and other settings) must match a transform set at the
remote end of the gateway.
Use the Manual Key Settings screen to specify the transform sets used for VPN access.
To configure manual key settings for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the access point menu tree.
2. Refer to the VPN Tunnel Config field, select the Manual Key Exchange radio button and
click the Manual Key Settings button.
Configuring Access Point Security
3. Configure the Manual Key Settings screen to modify the following:
NOTE When entering Inbound or Outbound encryption or authentication keys, an
error message could display stating the keys provided are “weak”. Some
WEP attack tools invoke a dictionary to hack WEP keys based on
commonly used words. To avoid entering a weak key, try to not to produce
a WEP key using commonly used terms and attempt to mix alphabetic and
numerical key attributes when possible.
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AH Authentication
AH provides data authentication and anti-replay services for the
VPN tunnel. Select the required authentication method from the
drop-down menu:
• None - Disables AH authentication. The rest of the fields are
not active.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm requiring
128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1, requiring 160-bit
(40-character hexadecimal) keys.
Inbound AH
Authentication Key
Configure a key for computing the integrity check on inbound traffic
with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be 32/40
(for MD5/SHA1) hexadecimal (0-9, A-F) characters in length. The
key value must match the corresponding outbound key on the
remote security gateway.
Outbound AH
Authentication Key
Configure a key for computing the integrity check on outbound
traffic with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be
32/40 (for MD5/SHA1) hexadecimal (0-9, A-F) characters in length.
The key value must match the corresponding inbound key on the
remote security gateway.
Inbound SPI (Hex)
Enter an up to six-character hexadecimal value to identify the
inbound security association created by the AH algorithm. The
value must match the corresponding outbound SPI value configured
on the remote security gateway.
Outbound SPI (Hex)
Provide an up to six-character hexadecimal value to identify the
outbound security association created by the AH algorithm. The
value must match the corresponding inbound SPI value configured
on the remote security gateway.
ESP Type
ESP provides packet encryption, optional data authentication and
anti-replay services for the VPN tunnel. Use the drop-down menu
to select the ESP type. Options include:
• None - Disables ESP. The rest of the fields are not be active.
• ESP - Enables ESP for the tunnel.
• ESP with Authentication - Enables ESP with authentication.
Configuring Access Point Security
ESP Encryption
Algorithm
Select the encryption and authentication algorithms for the VPN
tunnel using the drop-down menu.
• DES - Uses the DES encryption algorithm requiring 64-bit
(16-character hexadecimal) keys.
• 3DES - Uses the 3DES encryption algorithm requiring 192-bit
(48-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 128-bit - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 192-bit - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 192-bit (48-character hexadecimal) keys.
• AES 256-bit - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 256-bit (64-character hexadecimal) keys.
Inbound ESP
Encryption Key
Enter a key for inbound traffic. The length of the key is determined
by the selected encryption algorithm. The key must match the
outbound key at the remote gateway.
Outbound ESP
Encryption Key
Define a key for outbound traffic. The length of the key is
determined by the selected encryption algorithm. The key must
match the inbound key at the remote gateway.
ESP Authentication
Algorithm
Select the authentication algorithm to use with ESP. This option is
available only when ESP with Authentication was selected for
the ESP type. Options include:
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm, which
requires 128-bit (32-character hexadecimal) keys.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1, which requires
160-bit (40-character hexadecimal) keys.
Inbound ESP
Authentication Key
Define a key for computing the integrity check on the inbound
traffic with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be
32/40 (for MD5/SHA1) hexadecimal (0-9, A-F) characters in length.
The key must match the corresponding outbound key on the remote
security gateway.
Outbound ESP
Authentication Key
Enter a key for computing the integrity check on outbound traffic
with the selected authentication algorithm. The key must be 32/40
(for MD5/SHA1) hexadecimal (0-9, A-F) characters in length. The
key must match the corresponding inbound key on the remote
security gateway.
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Inbound SPI (Hex)
Define an (up to) six-character (maximum) hexadecimal value to
identify the inbound security association created by the encryption
algorithm. The value must match the corresponding outbound SPI
value configured on the remote security gateway.
Outbound SPI (Hex)
Enter an (up to) six-character (maximum) hexadecimal value to
identify the outbound security association created by the
encryption algorithm. The value must match the corresponding
inbound SPI value configured on the remote security gateway.
The Inbound and Outbound SPI settings are required to be interpolated to function correctly.
For example:
• AP1 Inbound SPI = 800
• AP1 Outbound SPI = 801
• AP2 Inbound SPI = 801
• AP2 Outbound SPI = 800
4. Click Ok to return to the VPN screen. Click Apply to retain the settings made on the Manual
Key Settings screen.
5. Click Cancel to return to the VPN screen without retaining the changes made to the
Manual Key Settings screen.
6.11.2 Configuring Auto Key Settings
The access point’s Network Management System can automatically set encryption and
authentication keys for VPN access. Use the Auto Key Settings screen to specify the type of
encryption and authentication, without specifying the keys. To manually specify keys, cancel out of
the Auto Key Settings screen, select the Manual Key Exchange radio button, and set the keys
within the Manual Key Setting screen.
To configure auto key settings for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the access point menu tree.
2. Refer to the VPN Tunnel Config field, select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange radio button
and click the Auto Key Settings button.
Configuring Access Point Security
3. Configure the Auto Key Settings screen to modify the following:
Use Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Forward secrecy is a key-establishment protocol guaranteeing the
discovery of a session key or long-term private key does not
compromise the keys of other sessions. Select Yes to enable
Perfect Forward Secrecy. Select No to disable Perfect Forward
Secrecy.
Security Association
Life Time
The Security Association Life Time is the configurable interval used
to timeout association requests that exceed the defined interval.
The available range is from 300 to 65535 seconds. The default is
300 seconds.
AH Authentication
AH provides data authentication and anti-replay services for the
VPN tunnel. Select the desired authentication method from the
drop-down menu.
• None - Disables AH authentication. No keys are required to
be manually provided.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm. No keys are
required to be manually provided.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm 1. No keys are
required to be manually provided.
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ESP Type
ESP provides packet encryption, optional data authentication and
anti-replay services for the VPN tunnel. Use the drop-down menu
to select the ESP type.
• None - Disables ESP. The rest of the fields are not active.
• ESP - Enables ESP for this tunnel.
• ESP with Authentication - Enables ESP with authentication.
ESP Encryption
Algorithm
Use this menu to select the encryption and authentication
algorithms for this VPN tunnel.
• DES - Selects the DES algorithm.No keys are required to be
manually provided.
• 3DES - Selects the 3DES algorithm. No keys are required to
be manually provided.
• AES 128-bit - Selects the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 128-bit. No keys are required to be manually
provided.
• AES 192-bit - Selects the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 192-bit. No keys are required to be manually
provided.
• AES 256-bit - Selects the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 256-bit. No keys are required to be manually
provided.
ESP Authentication
Algorithm
Use this menu to select the authentication algorithm to be used
with ESP. This menu is only active when ESP with Authentication
was selected for the ESP type.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm requiring
128-bit. No keys are required to be manually provided.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm. No keys are
required to be manually provided.
4. Click Ok to return to the VPN screen. Click Apply to retain the settings made on the Auto
Key Settings screen.
5. Click Cancel to return to the VPN screen without retaining the changes made to this screen.
Configuring Access Point Security
6.11.3 Configuring IKE Key Settings
The Internet Key Exchange (IKE) is an IPsec standard protocol used to ensure security for VPN
negotiation and remote host or network access. IKE provides an automatic means of negotiation and
authentication for communication between two or more parties. In essence, IKE manages IPSec keys
automatically for the parties.
To configure IKE key settings for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN from the access point menu tree.
2. Refer to the VPN Tunnel Config field, select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange radio button
and click the IKE Settings button.
3. Configure the IKE Key Settings screen to modify the following:
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Operation Mode
The Phase I protocols of IKE are based on the ISAKMP identityprotection and aggressive exchanges. IKE main mode refers to the
identity-protection exchange, and IKE aggressive mode refers to
the aggressive exchange.
• Main - Standard IKE mode for communication and key
exchange.
• Aggressive - Aggressive mode is faster, but less secure than
Main mode. Identities are not encrypted unless public key
encryption is used. The authentication method cannot be
negotiated if the initiator chooses public key encryption
Local ID Type
Select the type of ID to be used for the access point end of the SA.
• IP - Select IP if the local ID type is the IP address specified
as part of the tunnel.
• FQDN - Use FQDN if the local ID is a fully qualified domain
name (such as sj.motorola.com).
• UFQDN - Select UFQDN if the local ID is a user fully-qualified
email (such as johndoe@motorola.com).
Local ID Data
Specify the FQDN or UFQDN based on the Local ID type assigned.
Remote ID Type
Select the type of ID to be used for the access point end of the
tunnel from the Remote ID Type drop-down menu.
• IP - Select the IP option if the remote ID type is the IP address
specified as part of the tunnel.
• FQDN - Select FQDN if the remote ID type is a fully qualified
domain name (such as sj.motorola.com). The setting for this
field does not have to be fully qualified, however it must
match the setting for the Certificate Authority.
• UFQDN - Select this item if the remote ID type is a user
unqualified email address (such as johndoe@motorola.com).
The setting for this field does not have to be unqualified, it
just must match the setting of the field of the Certificate
Authority.
Remote ID Data
If FQDN or UFQDN is selected, specify the data (either the qualified
domain name or the user name) in the Remote ID Data field.
Configuring Access Point Security
IKE Authentication
Mode
Select the appropriate IKE authentication mode:
• Pre-Shared Key (PSK) - Specify an authenticating algorithm
and passcode used during authentication.
• RSA Certificates - Select this option to use RSA certificates
for authentication purposes. See the CA Certificates and Self
certificates screens to create and import certificates into the
system.
IKE Authentication
Algorithm
IKE provides data authentication and anti-replay services for the
VPN tunnel. Select an authentication methods from the drop-down
menu.
• MD5 - Enables the Message Digest 5 algorithm. No keys are
required to be manually provided.
• SHA1 - Enables Secure Hash Algorithm. No keys are
required to be manually provided.
IKE Authentication
Passphrase
If you selected Pre-Shared Key as the authentication mode, you
must provide a passphrase.
IKE Encryption
Algorithm
Select the encryption and authentication algorithms for the VPN
tunnel from the drop-down menu.
• DES - Uses the DES encryption algorithm. No keys are
required to be manually provided.
• 3DES - Enables the 3DES encryption algorithm. No keys are
required to be manually provided.
• AES 128-bit - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 128-bit. No keys are required to be manually
provided.
• AES 192-bit - Enables the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 192-bit. No keys are required to be manually
provided.
• AES 256-bit - Uses the Advanced Encryption Standard
algorithm with 256-bit. No keys are required to be manually
provided.
Key Lifetime
The number of seconds the key is valid. At the end of the lifetime,
the key is renegotiated.
The access point forces renegotiation every 3600 seconds. There is
no way to change the renegotiation value. If the IKE Lifetime is
greater than 3600, the keys still get renegotiated every 3600
seconds.
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Diffie Hellman Group
Select a Diffie-Hellman Group to use. The Diffie-Hellman key
agreement protocol allows two users to exchange a secret key over
an insecure medium without any prior secrets. Two algorithms
exist, 768-bit and 1024-bit. Select one of the following options:
• Group 1 - 768 bit - Somewhat faster than the 1024-bit
algorithm, but secure enough in most situations.
• Group 2 - 1024 bit - Somewhat slower than the 768-bit
algorithm, but much more secure and a better choice for
extremely sensitive situations.
4. Click Ok to return to the VPN screen. Click Apply to retain the settings made on the IKE
Settings screen.
5. Click Cancel to return to the VPN screen without retaining the changes made to the IKE
Settings screen.
6.11.4 Viewing VPN Status
Use the VPN Status screen to display the status of the tunnels configured on the access point as
well as their lifetime, transmit and receive statistics. The VPN Status screen is read-only with no
configurable parameters. To configure a VPN tunnel, use the VPN configuration screen in the WAN
section of the access point menu tree.
To view VPN status:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> VPN -> VPN Status from the access point
menu tree.
Configuring Access Point Security
2. Reference the Security Associations field to view the following:
Tunnel Name
The Tunnel Name column lists the names of all the tunnels
configured on the access point. For information on configuring a
tunnel, see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
Status
The Status column lists the status of each configured tunnel.
When the tunnel is not in use, the status reads NOT_ACTIVE.
When the tunnel is connected, the status reads ACTIVE.
Outb SPI
The Outb SPI column displays the outbound Security Parameter
Index (SPI) for each tunnel. The SPI is used locally by the access
point to identify a security association. There are unique outbound
and inbound SPIs.
Inb SPI
The Inb SPI column displays the inbound Security Parameter Index
(SPI) for each of the tunnels. The SPI is used locally by the access
point to identify a security association. There are unique outbound
and inbound SPIs.
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Life Time
Use the Life Time column to view the lifetime associated with a
particular Security Association (SA). Each SA has a finite lifetime
defined. When the lifetime expires, the SA can no longer be used
to protect data traffic. The maximum SA lifetime is 65535 seconds.
Tx Bytes
The Tx Bytes column lists the amount of data (in bytes)
transmitted through each configured tunnel.
Rx Bytes
The Rx Bytes column lists the amount of data (in bytes) received
through each configured tunnel.
3. Click the Reset VPNs button to reset active VPNs. Selecting Reset VPNs forces
renegotiation of all the Security Associations and keys. Users could notice a slight pause in
network performance.
4. Reference the IKE Summary field to view the following:
Tunnel Name
Displays the name of each of the tunnels configured to use IKE for
automatic key exchange.
IKE State
Lists the state for each of the tunnels configured to use IKE for
automatic key exchange. When the tunnel is not active, the IKE
State field displays NOT_CONNECTED. When the tunnel is
active, the IKE State field displays CONNECTED.
Destination IP
Displays the destination IP address for each tunnel configured to
use IKE for automatic key exchange.
Remaining Life
Lists the remaining life of the current IKE key for each tunnel. When
the remaining life on the IKE key reaches 0, IKE initiates a
negotiation for a new key. IKE keys associated with a renegotiated
tunnel.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.12 Configuring Content Filtering Settings
Content filtering allows system administrators to block specific commands and URL extensions from
going out through the access point’s WAN port. Therefore, content filtering affords system
administrators selective control on the content proliferating the network and is a powerful data and
network screening tool. Content filtering allows the blocking of up to 10 files or URL extensions and
allows blocking of specific outbound HTTP, SMTP, and FTP requests.
Configuring Access Point Security
To configure content filtering for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> WAN -> Content Filtering from the access point menu
tree.
2. Configure the HTTP field to configure block Web proxies and URL extensions.
Block Outbound HTTP HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP) is the protocol used to transfer
information to and from Web sites. HTTP Blocking allows for
blocking of specific HTTP commands going outbound on the
access point WAN port. HTTP blocks commands on port 80 only.
The Block Outbound HTTP option allows blocking of the following
(user selectable) outgoing HTTP requests:
• Web Proxy - Blocks the use of Web proxies by clients
• ActiveX - Blocks all outgoing ActiveX requests by clients.
Selecting ActiveX only blocks traffic (scripting language)
with an .ocx extension.
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Block Outbound URL
Extensions
Enter a URL extension or file name per line in the format of
filename.ext. An asterisk (*) can be used as a wildcard in place of
the filename to block all files with a specific extension.
3. Configure the SMTP field to disable or restrict specific kinds of network mail traffic.
Block Outbound SMTP Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP) is the Internet standard for
Commands
host-to-host mail transport. SMTP generally operates over TCP on
port 25. SMTP filtering allows the blocking of any or all outgoing
SMTP commands. Check the box next to the command to disable
that command when using SMTP across the access point’s WAN
port.
• HELO - (Hello) Identifies the SMTP sender to the SMTP
receiver.
• MAIL- Initiates a mail transaction where data is delivered to
one or more mailboxes on the local server.
• RCPT - (Recipient) Identifies a recipient of mail data.
• DATA - Tells the SMTP receiver to treat the following
information as mail data from the sender.
• QUIT - Tells the receiver to respond with an OK reply and
terminate communication with the sender.
• SEND - Initiates a mail transaction where mail is sent to one
or more remote terminals.
• SAML - (Send and Mail) Initiates a transaction where mail
data is sent to one or more local mailboxes and remote
terminals.
• RESET - Cancels mail transaction and informs the recipient
to discard data sent during transaction.
• VRFY - Asks receiver to confirm the specified argument
identifies a user. If argument does identify a user, the full
name and qualified mailbox is returned.
• EXPN - (Expand) Asks receiver to confirm a specified
argument identifies a mailing list. If the argument identifies
a list, the membership list of the mailing list is returned.
4. Configure the FTP field to block or restrict various FTP traffic on the network.
Configuring Access Point Security
Block Outbound FTP
Actions
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the Internet standard for host-to-host
mail transport. FTP generally operates over TCP port 20 and 21. FTP
filtering allows the blocking of any or all outgoing FTP functions.
Check the box next to the command to disable the command when
using FTP across the access point’s WAN port.
• Storing Files - Blocks the request to transfer files sent from
the client across the AP’s WAN port to the FTP server.
• Retrieving Files - Blocks the request to retrieve files sent
from the FTP server across the AP’s WAN port to the client.
• Directory List - Blocks requests to retrieve a directory listing
sent from the client across the AP’s WAN port to the FTP
server.
• Create Directory - Blocks requests to create directories sent
from the client across the AP’s WAN port to the FTP server.
• Change Directory - Blocks requests to change directories
sent from the client across the AP's WAN port to the FTP
server.
• Passive Operation - Blocks passive mode FTP requests sent
from the client across the AP's WAN port to the FTP server.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Content Filtering screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking the Apply button results in all changes to the screens being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Content Filtering screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.13 Configuring Rogue AP Detection
It is possible that not all of the devices identified by the access point are operating legitimately within
the access point’s radio coverage area. A rogue AP is a device located nearby an authorized Motorola
access point but recognized as having properties rendering its operation illegal and threatening to the
access point and the LAN. Rogue AP detection can be configured independently for both access point
802.11a/n and 802.11b/g/n radios (if using a dual radio sku access point). A rogue detection interval
is the user-defined interval the access point waits to search for rogue APs. Additionally, the access
point does not detect rogue APs on illegal channels (channels not allowed by the regulatory
requirements of the country the access point is operating in).
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The rogue detection interval is used in conjunction with Motorola MUs that identify themselves as
rogue detection capable to the access point. The detection interval defines how often the access
point requests these MUs to scan for a rogue AP. A shorter interval can affect the performance of the
MU, but it will also decrease the time it takes for the access point to scan for a rogue AP. A longer
interval will have less of an impact to the MU’s, but it will increase the amount of time used to detect
rogue APs. Therefore, the interval should be set according to the perceived risk of rogue devices and
the criticality of MU performance.
!
CAUTION Using an antenna other than the Dual-Band Antenna (Part No.
ML-2452-APA2-01) could render the access point’s Rogue AP Detector
Mode feature inoperable. Contact your Motorola sales associate for
specific information.
To configure Rogue AP detection for the access point:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection from the access
point menu tree.
Configuring Access Point Security
!
CAUTION Users cannot define a rogue detection method when one of the access
point radios is functioning as a WIPS sensor. To use one of the radios
as a detector, you must disable WIPS sensor mode first, then set a
radio for the desired detection method. For information on disabling
WIPS sensor support for an access point radio, see
Configuring WIPS Server Settings on page 5-70.
2. Configure the Detection Method field to set the detection method (MU or access point)
and define the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio to conduct the rogue AP search.
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RF Scan by MU
Select the RF Scan by MU checkbox to enable MUs to scan for
potential rogue APs within the network. Define an interval in the
Scan Interval field for associated MUs to beacon in an attempt to
locate a rogue AP. Set the interval to a value sooner than the
default if a large volume of device network traffic is anticipated
within the coverage area of the target access point. The Scan
Interval field is not available unless the RF Scan by MU checkbox
is selected. Motorola clients must be associated and have rogue
AP detection enabled.
RF On-Channel
Detection
Select the RF On-Channel Detection checkbox to enable the
access point to detect rogue APs on its current (legal) channel
setting.
RF Scan by Detector
Radio
If the access point is a dual-radio model, select the RF Scan by
Detector Radio checkbox to enable the selected 11a or 11b/g
radio to scan for rogue APs. For example, if 11b/g is selected, the
existing 11a radio would act as the “detector radio,” scanning on
all 11b/g channels while the existing 11b/g radio continues to
service MUs. The assumption is, when planning to do an all
channel scan on one band, the MUs would also be on that band.
The radio on the other band is used as the “detector radio.”
RF A/BG Scan
Select this checkbox to scan for rouges over all channels on both of
the access point’s 11a and 11bg radio bands. The switching of radio
bands is based on a timer with no user intervention required. This
option provides a good opportunity to detect rogues, as rogues
often roam from one association to a stronger one regardless of the
current operating channel.
3. Use the Allowed AP List field to restrict Motorola AP’s from Rogue AP detection and create
a list of device MAC addresses and ESSID’s approved for interoperability with the access
point.
Authorize Any AP
Select this checkbox to enable all access points with a Motorola
Having Motorola
MAC address to interoperate with the access point conducting a
Defined MAC Address scan for rogue devices.
Add
Click Add to display a single set of editable MAC address and ESS
address values.
Configuring Access Point Security
Del (Delete)
Click the Delete button to remove the highlighted line from the
Rule Management field. The MAC and ESS address information
previously defined is no longer applicable unless the previous
configuration is restored.
Delete All
Click the Delete All button to remove all entries from the Rule
Management field. All MAC and ESS address information
previously defined is no longer applicable unless the previous
configuration is restored.
Any MAC
Select the Any MAC checkbox to prevent a device’s MAC address
(whether it is a known device MAC address or not) from being
considered a rogue device.
MAC Address
Click Add, and enter the device MAC address to be excluded from
classification as a rogue device.
Any ESSID
Select the Any ESSid checkbox to prevent a device’s ESSID
(whether it is a known device ESSID or not) from being considered
a rogue device
ESSID
Click Add, and enter the name of a device ESSID to be excluded
from classification as a rogue device. Do not use < > | " & \ ?
as characters for the ESSID name.
4. Click Apply to save any changes to the Rogue AP Detection screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
5. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Rogue AP Detection screen to the last saved configuration.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.13.1 Moving Rogue APs to the Allowed AP List
The Active APs screen enables the user to view the list of detected rogue APs and, if necessary,
select and move an AP into a list of allowed devices. This is helpful when the settings defined within
the Rogue AP Detection screen inadvertently detect and define a device as a rogue AP.
To move detected rogue APs into a list of allowed APs:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection -> Active APs from
the access point menu tree.
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The Active APs screen displays with detected rogue devices displayed within the Rogue
APs table.
2. Enter a value (in minutes) in the Allowed APs Age Out Time field to indicate the number of
elapsed minutes before an AP will be removed from the approved list and reevaluated. A
zero (0) for this value (default value) indicates an AP can remain on the approved AP list
permanently.
3. Enter a value (in minutes) in the Rogue APs Age Out Time field to indicate the number of
elapsed minutes before an AP will be removed from the rogue AP list and reevaluated. A
zero (0) for this value (default value) indicates an AP can remain on the rogue AP list
permanently.
4. Highlight an AP from within the Rogue APs table and click the Add to Allowed APs List
button to move the device into the list of Allowed APs.
5. Click the Add All to Allowed APs List button to move each of the APs displayed within
the Rogue APs table to the list of allowed APs.
Configuring Access Point Security
6. Highlight a rogue AP and click the Details button to display a screen with device and
detection information specific to that rogue device. This information is helpful in
determining if a rogue AP should be moved to the Allowed APs table.
For more information on the displaying information on detected rogue APs, see Displaying
Rogue AP Details on page 6-60.
7. To remove the Rogue AP entries displayed within the e Rogue APs field, click the Clear
Rogue AP List button.
Motorola only recommends clearing the list of Rogue APs when the devices displaying
within the list do not represent a threat to the access point managed network.
8. Click Apply to save any changes to the Active APs screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screen being lost.
9. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Active APs screen to the last saved configuration.
10. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.13.1.1 Displaying Rogue AP Details
Before moving a rogue AP into the list of allowed APs within the Active APs screen, the device
address and rogue detection information for that AP should be evaluated.
To evaluate the properties of a rogue AP:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection -> Active APs from
the access point menu tree.
2. Highlight a target rogue AP from within Rogue APs table and click the Details button.
The Detail screen displays for the rogue AP.
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3. Refer to the Rogue AP Detail field for the following information:
BSSID/MAC
Displays the MAC address of the rogue AP. This information could
be useful if the MAC address is determined to be a Motorola MAC
address and the device is interpreted as non-hostile and the device
should be defined as an allowed AP.
ESSID
Displays the ESSID of the rogue AP. This information could be
useful if the ESSID is determined to be non-hostile and the device
should be defined as an allowed AP.
RSSI
Shows the Relative Signal Strength (RSSI) of the rogue AP. Use this
information to assess how close the rogue AP is. The higher the
RSSI, the closer the rogue AP. If multiple access point’s have
detected the same rogue AP, RSSI can be useful in triangulating the
location of the rogue AP.
4. Refer to the Rogue Detector Detail field for the following information:
Finder’s MAC
The MAC address of the access point detecting the rogue AP.
Configuring Access Point Security
Detection Method
Displays the RF Scan by MU, RF On-Channel Detection or RF
Scan by Detector Radio method selected from the Rogue AP
screen to detect rogue devices. For information on detection
methods, see Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-54.
First Heard
(days:hrs:min)
Defines the time in (days:hrs:min) that the rogue AP was initially
heard by the detecting AP.
Last Heard
(days:hrs:min)
Defines the time in (days:hrs:min) that the rogue AP was last heard
by the detecting AP.
Channel
Displays the channel the rogue AP is using.
5. Click OK to securely exit the Detail screen and return to the Active APs screen.
6. Click Cancel (if necessary) to undo any changes made and return to the Active APs screen.
6.13.2 Using MUs to Detect Rogue Devices
The access point can use an associated MU that has its rogue AP detection feature enabled to scan
for rogue APs. Once detected, the rogue AP(s) can be moved to the list of allowed devices (if
appropriate) within the Active APs screen. When adding an MU’s detection capabilities with the
access point’s own rogue AP detection functionality, the rogue detection area can be significantly
extended.
To use associated rogue AP enabled MUs to scan for rogue APs:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Rogue AP Detection -> MU Scan from
the access point menu tree.
The On Demand MU Scan screen displays with associated MUs with rogue AP detection
enabled
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2. Highlight an MU from within the Rogue AP enabled MUs field and click the scan button.
The target MU begins scanning for rogue devices using the detection parameters defined
within the Rogue AP Detection screen. To modify the detection parameters, see Configuring
Rogue AP Detection on page 6-54.
Those devices detected as rogue APs display within the Scan Result table. Use the
displayed AP MAC, ESSID and RSSI values to determine the device listed in the table is truly
a rogue device or one inadvertently detected as a rogue AP.
3. If necessary, highlight an individual MU from within the Scan Result field and click the Add
to Allowed AP List button to move the AP into the Allowed APs table within the Active
APs screen.
4. Additionally, if necessary, click the Add All to Allowed APs List button to move every
device within the Scan Result table into the Allowed APs table within the Active APs
screen. Only use this option if you are sure all of the devices detected and displayed within
the Scan Results table are non-hostile APs.
Configuring Access Point Security
5. Highlight a different MU from the Rogue AP enabled MUs field as needed to scan for
additional rogue APs.
6. Click Logout to return to the Rogue AP Detection screen.
6.14 Configuring User Authentication
The access point can work with external Radius and LDAP Servers (AAA Servers) to provide user
database information and user authentication.
6.14.1 Configuring the Radius Server
The Radius Server screen enables an administrator to define data sources and specify
authentication information for the Radius Server.
To configure the Radius Server:
1. Select System Configuration -> User Authentication -> Radius Server from the menu tree.
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2. From within the Data Source Configuration field, use the Data Source drop-down menu
to select the data source for the Radius server.
Local
An internal user database serves as the data source. Use the User
Database screen to enter the user data. For more information, see
Managing the Local User Database on page 6-72.
LDAP
If LDAP is selected, the switch will use the data in an LDAP server.
Configure the LDAP server settings on the LDAP screen under
Radius Server on the menu tree. For more information, see
Configuring LDAP Authentication on page 6-67.
NOTE When using LDAP, only PEAP-GTC and TTLS/PAP are supported.
3. Use the TTLS/PEAP Configuration field to specify the Radius Server default EAP type,
EAP authentication type and a Server or CA certificate (if used).
EAP Type
Use the EAP Type checkboxes to enable the default EAP type(s) for
the Radius server. Options include:
• PEAP - Select the PEAP checkbox to enable both PEAP types
(GTC and MSCHAP-V2) available to the access point. PEAP
uses a TLS layer on top of EAP as a carrier for other EAP
modules. PEAP is an ideal choice for networks using legacy
EAP authentication methods.
• TTLS - Select the TTLS checkbox to enable all three TTLS
types (MD5, PAP and MSCHAP-V2) available to the access
point.TTLS is similar to EAP-TLS, but the client
authentication portion of the protocol is not performed until
after a secure transport tunnel is established. This allows
EAP-TTLS to protect legacy authentication methods used by
some RADIUS servers.
• TLS - The TLS checkbox is selected but disabled by default
and resides in the background as it does not contain user
configurable parameters.
Configuring Access Point Security
Default
Authentication Type
Specify a PEAP and/or TTLS Authentication Type for EAP to use
from the drop-down menu to the right of each checkbox item. PEAP
options include:
• GTC - EAP Generic Token Card (GTC) is a challenge
handshake authentication protocol using a hardware token
card to provide the response string.
• MSCHAP-V2 - Microsoft CHAP (MSCHAP-V2) is an encrypted
authentication method based on Microsoft's challenge/
response authentication protocol.
TTLS options include:
• PAP - Password Authentication Protocol sends a username
and password over a network to a server that compares the
username and password to a table of authorized users. If the
username and password are matched in the table, server
access is authorized. WatchGuard products do not support
the PAP protocol because the username and password are
sent as clear text that a hacker can read.
• MD5 - This option enables the MD5 algorithm for data
verification. MD5 takes as input a message of arbitrary
length and produces a 128- bit fingerprint. The MD5
algorithm is intended for digital signature applications, in
which a large file must be compressed in a secure manner
before being encrypted with a private (secret) key under a
public-key cryptographic system.
• MSCHAP-V2 - Microsoft CHAP (MSCHAP-V2) is an encrypted
authentication method based on Microsoft's challenge/
response authentication protocol.
Server Certificate
If you have a server certificate from a CA and wish to use it on the
Radius server, select it from the drop-down menu. Only certificates
imported to the access point are available in the menu. For
information on creating a certificate, see Creating Self Certificates
for Accessing the VPN on page 4-18.
CA Certificate
You can also choose an imported CA Certificate to use on the
Radius server. If using a server certificate signed by a CA, import
that CA's root certificate using the CA certificates screen (for
information, see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16). After a
valid CA certificate has been imported, it is available from the CA
Certificate drop-down menu.
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WARNING! If you have imported a Server or CA certificate, the certificate will not
be saved when updating the access point’s firmware. Export your
certificates before upgrading the access point’s firmware. From the
access point CLI, use the admin(system.cmgr)> expcert command to
export the certificate to a secure location.
4. Use the Radius Client Authentication table to configure multiple shared secrets based
on the subnet or host attempting to authenticate with the Radius server. Use the Add button
to add entries to the list. Modify the following information as needed within the table.
Subnet/Host
Defines the IP address of the subnet or host that will be
authenticating with the Radius server. If a WLAN has been created
to support mesh networking, then enter the IP address of mesh
client bridge in order for the MU to authenticate with a base bridge.
Netmask
Defines the netmask (subnet mask) of the subnet or host
authenticating with the Radius server.
Shared Secret
Click the Passwords button and set a shared secret used for each
host or subnet authenticating against the RADIUS server. The
shared secret can be up to 7 characters in length.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radius Server screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screen being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Radius Server screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.14.2 Configuring LDAP Authentication
When the Radius Data Source is set to use an external LDAP server (see Configuring the Radius
Server on page 6-64), the LDAP screen is used to configure the properties of the external LDAP server.
To configure the LDAP server:
1. Select System Configuration -> User Authentication -> RADIUS Server -> LDAP from
the menu tree.
Configuring Access Point Security
NOTE For the onboard Radius server to work with Windows Active Directory or
open LDAP as the database, the user has to be present in a group within
the organizational unit. The same group must be present within the
onboard Radius server’s database. The group configured within the
onboard Radius server is used for group policy configuration to support a
new Time Based Rule restriction feature.
NOTE The LDAP screen displays with unfamiliar alphanumeric characters (if new
to LDAP configuration). Motorola recommends only qualified
administrators change the default values within the LDAP screen.
2. Enter the appropriate information within the LDAP Configuration field to allow the access
point to interoperate with the LDAP server. Consult with your LDAP server administrator for
details on how to define the values in this screen.
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!
LDAP Server IP
Enter the IP address of the external LDAP server acting as the data
source for the Radius server. The LDAP server must be accessible
from the WAN port or from the access point’s active subnet.
Port
Enter the TCP/IP port number for the LDAP server acting as a data
source for the Radius. The default port is 389.
Login Attribute
Specify the login attribute used by the LDAP server for
authentication. In most cases, the default value should work.
Windows Active Directory users must use “sAMAccountName” as
their login attribute to successfully login to the LDAP server.
Password Attribute
Enter the password used by the LDAP server for authentication.
Bind Distinguished
Name
Specify the distinguished name used to bind with the LDAP server.
Password
Enter a valid password for the LDAP server.
Base Distinguished
Name
Enter a name that establishes the base object for the search. The
base object is the point in the LDAP tree at which to start
searching.
Group Attribute
Define the group attribute used by the LDAP server.
Group Filter
Specify the group filters used by the LDAP server.
Group Member
Attribute
Enter the Group Member Attribute sent to the LDAP server when
authenticating users.
CAUTION Windows Active Directory users must set their Login Attribute to
“sAMAccountName” in order to successfully login to the LDAP server.
3. Click Apply to save any changes to the LDAP screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screen being lost.
4. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the LDAP screen to the last saved configuration.
5. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
Configuring Access Point Security
6.14.3 Configuring a Proxy Radius Server
The access point has the capability to proxy authentication requests to a remote Radius server based
on the suffix of the user ID (such as myisp.com or company.com). The access point supports up to 10
proxy servers.
!
CAUTION If using a proxy server for Radius authentication, the Data Source
field within the Radius server screen must be set to Local. If set to
LDAP, the proxy server will not be successful when performing the
authentication. To verify the existing settings, see Configuring the
Radius Server on page 6-64.
!
CAUTION When configuring the credentials of an MU, ensure its login (or user)
name is a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN), or it cannot be
authenticated by the access point’s proxy server. For example;
ap7131@2kserver.FUSCIA.com.
To configure the proxy Radius server for the access point:
1. Select System Configuration -> User Authentication -> RADIUS Server -> Proxy from
the menu tree.
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2. Refer to the Proxy Configuration field to define the proxy server’s retry count and timeout
values.
Retry Count
Enter a value between 3 and 6 to indicate the number of times the
access point attempts to reach a proxy server before giving up.
Timeout
Enter a value between 5 and 10 to indicate the number of elapsed
seconds causing the access point to time out on a request to a
proxy server.
3. Use the Add button to add a new proxy server. Define the following information for each
entry:
Suffix
Enter the domain suffix (such as myisp.com or mycompany.com) of
the users sent to the specified proxy server.
RADIUS Server IP
Specify the IP address of the Radius server acting as a proxy server.
Configuring Access Point Security
Port
Enter the TCP/IP port number for the Radius server acting as a proxy
server. The default port is 1812.
Shared Secret
Set a shared secret used for each suffix used for authentication
with the Radius proxy server.
4. To remove a row, select the row and click the Del (Delete) button.
5. Click Apply to save any changes to the Proxy screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screen being lost.
6. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Proxy screen to the last saved configuration.
7. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.14.4 Managing the Local User Database
Use the User Database screen to create groups for use with the Radius server. The database of
groups is employed if Local is selected as the Data Source from the Radius Server screen. For
information on selecting Local as the Data Source, see Configuring the Radius Server on page 6-64.
To add groups to the User database:
NOTE Each group can be configured to have its own access policy using the
Access Policy screen. For more information, see Defining User Access
Permissions by Group on page 6-76.
1. Select System Configuration -> User Authentication -> User Database from the menu
tree.
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Refer to the Groups field for a list of all groups in the local Radius database. The groups are
listed in the order added. Although groups can be added and deleted, there is no capability
to edit a group name.
2. Click the Add button and enter the name of the group in the new blank field in the Groups
table.
3. To remove a group, select the group from the table and click the Del (Delete) key.
The Users table displays the entire list of users. Up to 100 users can be entered here. The
users are listed in the order added. Users can be added and deleted, but there is no
capability to edit the name of a group.
4. To add a new user, click the Add button at the bottom of the Users area.
5. In the new line, type a User ID (username).
6. Click the Password cell. A small window displays. Enter a password for the user and click
OK to return to the Users screen.
Configuring Access Point Security
7. Click the List of Groups cell. A new screen displays enabling you to associate groups with
the user. For more information on mapping groups with a user, see Mapping Users to Groups
on page 6-74.
8. Click Apply to save any changes to the Users screen. Navigating away from the screen
without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screen being lost.
9. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Users screen to the last saved configuration.
10. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.14.4.1 Mapping Users to Groups
Once users have been created within the Users screen, their access privileges need to be configured
for inclusion to one, some or all of the groups also created within the Users screen.
To map users to groups for group authentication privileges:
1. If you are not already in the Users screen, select System Configuration -> User
Authentication -> User Database from the menu tree.
Existing users and groups display within their respective fields. If user or group requires
creation or modification, make your changes before you begin to map them.
2. Refer to the Users field and select the List of Groups column for the particular user you
wish to map to one or more groups.
The Users Group Setting screen displays with the groups available for user inclusion
displayed within the Available column.
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3. To add the user to a group, select the group in the Available list (on the right) and click the
<-Add button.
Assigned users will display within the Assigned table. Map one or more groups as needed
for group authentication access for this particular user.
4. To remove the user from a group, select the group in the Assigned list (on the left) and click
the Delete-> button.
5. Click the OK button to save your user and group mapping assignments and return to the
Users screen.
Configuring Access Point Security
6.14.5 Defining User Access Permissions by Group
An external AAA server maintains the users and groups database used by the access point for access
permissions. Various kinds of access policies can be applied to each group. Individual groups can be
associated with their own time-based access policy. Each group’s policy has a user defined interval
defining the days and hours access is permitted. Authentication requests for users belonging to the
group are honored only during these defined hourly intervals.
Refer to the Access Policy screen to define WLAN access for the user group(s) defined within the
Users screen. Each group created within the Users screen displays in the Access Policy screen within
the groups column. Similarly, existing WLANs can be individually mapped to user groups by clicking
the WLANs button to the right of each group name. For more information on creating groups and
users, see Managing the Local User Database on page 6-72. For information on creating a new WLAN
or editing the properties of an existing WLAN, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
!
CAUTION If using the Radius time-based authentication feature to authenticate
access point user permissions, ensure UTC has been selected from
the Date and Time Settings screen’s Time Zone field. If UTC is not
selected, time based authentication will not work properly. For
information on setting the time zone for the access point, see
Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41.
1. Select User Authentication -> Radius Server -> Access Policy from the menu tree.
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The Access Policy screen displays the following fields:
Groups
The Groups field displays the names of those existing groups that
can have access intervals applied to them. Click the Edit button to
display a screen designed to create access intervals for specific
days and hours. A mechanism also exists for mapping specific
WLANs to these intervals. For more information, see Editing Group
Access Permissions on page 6-78. For information on creating a
new group, see Managing the Local User Database on page 6-72.
Time of Access
The Time of Access field displays the days of the week and the
hours defined for group access to access point resources. This data
is defined for the group by selecting the Edit button from within the
groups field.
Configuring Access Point Security
Associated WLANs
The Associated WLANs field displays the WLANs assigned the
user group access permissions listed within the filters and grid
fields. Add additional WLANs to a group by selecting the Edit
button within the groups field.
grid
Refer to the grid field to review a bar graph of the selected group’s
access privileges. Revise the selected group’s privileges as needed
to
2. Review the existing access intervals assigned to each group by selecting the group from
amongst those displayed. To modify a group’s permissions, see Editing Group Access
Permissions on page 6-78.
3. Click Logout to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
6.14.5.1 Editing Group Access Permissions
The Access Policy screen provides a mechanism for modifying an existing group’s access permissions.
A group’s permissions can be set for any day of the week and include any hour of the day. Ten unique
access intervals can be defined for each existing group.
To update a group’s access permissions:
1. Select User Authentication -> Radius Server -> Access Policy from the menu tree.
2. Select an existing group from within the groups field.
3. Select the Edit button.
The Edit Access Policy screen displays.
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4. Define up to 10 access policies for the selected group within the Time Based Access
Policy field.
Use the drop-down menus on the left-hand side of the screen to define the day of the week
for which each policy applies. If continual access is required, select the All Days option. If
continual access is required during Monday through Friday, but not Saturday or Sunday,
select the Weekdays option.
Use the Start Time and End Time values to define the access interval (in HHMM format)
for each access policy. Each policy for a given group should have unique intervals. Policies
can be created for different intervals on the same day of the week.
Configuring Access Point Security
NOTE Groups have a strict start and end time (as defined using the Edit Access
Policy screen). Only during this period of time can authentication requests
from users be honored (with no overlaps). Any authentication request
outside of this defined interval is denied regardless of whether a user’s
credentials match or not.
5. Refer to the WLANs field to select existing WLANs to apply to the selected group’s set of
access permissions.
The group’s existing WLANs are already selected within the Edit screen. Select those
additional WLANs requiring the access permissions specified in options 1-10 within the
Time Based Access Policy field.
6. Click Apply to save any changes to the Edit Access Policy screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screen being lost.
7. Click Cancel if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the settings
displayed on the Edit Access Policy screen to the last saved configuration.
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Monitoring Statistics
The access point has functionality to display robust transmit and receive statistics for its WAN and
LAN port. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) stats can also be displayed collectively for each
enabled WLAN as well as individually for up to 16 specific WLANs.
Transmit and receive statistics can also be displayed for the access point’s 802.11a/n and
802.11b/g/n radios. An advanced radio statistics page is also available to display retry histograms for
specific data packet retry information.
Associated MU stats can be displayed collectively for associated MUs and individually for specific
MUs. An echo (ping) test is also available to ping specific MUs to assess the strength of the AP
association.
Finally, the access point can detect and display the properties of other APs detected within the access
point radio coverage area. The type of AP detected can be displayed as well as the properties of
individual APs.
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See the following sections for more details on viewing statistics for the access point:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Viewing WAN Statistics
Viewing LAN Statistics
Viewing Wireless Statistics
Viewing Radio Statistics Summary
Viewing MU Statistics Summary
Viewing the Mesh Statistics Summary
Viewing Known Access Point Statistics
7.1 Viewing WAN Statistics
Use the access point WAN Stats screen to view real-time statistics for monitoring the access point
activity through its Wide Area Network (WAN) port.
The Information field of the WAN Stats screen displays basic WAN information, generated from
settings on the WAN screen. The Received and Transmitted fields display statistics for the
cumulative packets, bytes, and errors received and transmitted through the WAN interface since it
was last enabled or the AP was last rebooted. The access point WAN Stats screen is view-only with
no configurable data fields.
To view access point WAN Statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> WAN Stats from the access point menu tree.
Monitoring Statistics
2. Refer to the Information field to reference the following access point WAN data:
Status
The Status field displays Enabled if the WAN interface is enabled
on the WAN screen. If the WAN interface is disabled on the WAN
screen, the WAN Stats screen displays no connection information
and statistics. To enable the WAN connection, see Configuring
WAN Settings on page 5-16
HW Address
The Media Access Control (MAC) address of the access point WAN
port. The WAN port MAC address is hard coded at the factory and
cannot be changed. For more information on how access point
MAC addresses are assigned, see AP-7131 MAC Address
Assignment on page 1-27.
IP Addresses
The displayed Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for the access point
WAN port.
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Mask
The Mask field displays the subnet mask number for the access
point’s WAN connection. This value is set on the WAN screen.
Refer to Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-16 to change the
subnet mask.
Link
The Link parameter displays Up if the WAN connection is active
between the access point and network, and Down if the WAN
connection is interrupted or lost. Use this information to assess the
current connection status of the WAN port.
Speed
The WAN connection speed is displayed in Megabits per second
(Mbps), for example, 54Mbps. If the throughput speed is not
achieved, examine the number of transmit and receive errors, or
consider increasing the supported data rate. To change the data
rate of the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio, see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
3. Refer to the Received field to reference data received over the access point WAN port.
RX Packets
RX packets are data packets received over the WAN port. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN interface
was last enabled or the access point was last restarted.
RX Bytes
RX bytes are bytes of information received over the WAN port. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN interface
was last enabled or the access point was last restarted. To restart
the access point to begin a new data collection, see Configuring
System Settings on page 4-2.
RX Errors
RX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and frame
errors on inbound traffic. The number of RX errors is a total of RX
Dropped, RX Overruns and RX Carrier errors. Use this information
to determine performance quality of the current WAN connection.
RX Dropped
The RX Dropped field displays the number of data packets that fail
to reach the WAN interface. If this number appears excessive,
consider a new connection to the device.
RX Overruns
RX overruns are buffer overruns on the WAN connection. RX
overruns occur when packets are received faster than the WAN
port can handle them. If RX overruns are excessive, consider
reducing the data rate, for more information, see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
Monitoring Statistics
RX Frame
The RX Frame field displays the number of TCP/IP data frame
errors received.
4. Refer to the Transmitted field to reference data received over the access point WAN port.
TX Packets
TX packets are data packets sent over the WAN connection. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN was last
enabled or the access point was last restarted. To begin a new data
collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
TX Bytes
TX bytes are bytes of information sent over the WAN connection.
The displayed number is a cumulative total since the WAN
interface was last enabled or the access point was last restarted.
To begin a new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on
page 4-2.
TX Errors
TX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and carrier
errors on outbound traffic. The displayed number of TX errors is the
total of TX Dropped, TX Overruns and TX Carrier errors. Use this
information to assess access point location and transmit speed.
TX Dropped
The TX Dropped field displays the number of data packets that fail
to get sent from the WAN interface.
TX Overruns
TX overruns are buffer overruns on the WAN connection. TX
overruns occur when packets are sent faster than the WAN
interface can handle. If TX overruns are excessive, consider
reducing the data rate, for more information, see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
TX Carrier
The TX Carrier field displays the number of TCP/IP data carrier
errors.
5. Click the Clear WAN Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections. The RX/TX Packets and RX/TX Bytes totals remain at
their present values and are not cleared.
Do not clear the WAN stats if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing
all data calculations to that point.
6. Click Logout to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
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7.2 Viewing LAN Statistics
Use the LAN Stats screen to monitor the activity of the access point’s LAN1 or LAN2 connection. The
Information field of the LAN Stats screen displays network traffic information as monitored over the
access point LAN1 or LAN2 port. The Received and Transmitted fields of the screen display
statistics for the cumulative packets, bytes, and errors received and transmitted over the LAN1 or
LAN2 port since it was last enabled or the access point was last restarted. The LAN Stats screen is
view-only with no user configurable data fields.
To view access point LAN connection stats:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> LAN Stats -> LAN1 Stats (or LAN2 Stats) from the access
point menu tree.
2. Refer to the Information field to view the following access point device address
information:
Monitoring Statistics
Status
Displays whether this particular LAN has been enabled as viable
subnet from within the LAN Configuration screen.
IP Address
The Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for the access point LAN port.
Network Mask
The first two sets of numbers specify the network domain, the next
set specifies the subset of hosts within a larger network. These
values help divide a network into subnetworks and simplify routing
and data transmission.
Ethernet Address
The Media Access Control (MAC) address of the access point. The
MAC address is hard coded at the factory and cannot be changed.
For more information on how access point MAC addresses are
assigned, see AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment on page 1-27.
Link
The Link parameter displays Up if the LAN connection is active
between the access point and network, and Down if the LAN
connection is interrupted or lost. Use this information to assess the
current connection status of LAN 1 or LAN2.
Speed
The LAN 1 or LAN 2 connection speed is displayed in Megabits per
second (Mbps), for example, 54Mbps. If the throughput speed is
not achieved, examine the number of transmit and receive errors,
or consider increasing the supported data rate. To change the data
rate of the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio, see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
Duplex
Displays whether the current LAN connection is full or half duplex.
WLANs Mapped
The WLANs Mapped table lists the WLANs mapped to this LAN
(either LAN1 or LAN2) as their LAN interface.
3. Refer to the Received field to view data received over the access point LAN port.
RX Packets
RX packets are data packets received over the access point LAN
port. The number is a cumulative total since the LAN connection
was last enabled or the access point was last restarted. To begin a
new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
RX Bytes
RX bytes are bytes of information received over the LAN port. The
value is a cumulative total since the LAN connection was last
enabled or the access point was last restarted. To begin a new data
collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
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RX Errors
RX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and frame
errors on inbound traffic. The number of RX errors is a total of RX
Dropped, RX Overruns and RX Carrier errors. Use this information
to determine performance quality of the current LAN connection.
RX Dropped
The RX Dropped field displays the number of data packets failing
to reach the LAN port. If this number appears excessive, consider a
new connection to the device.
RX Overruns
RX overruns are buffer overruns on the access point LAN port. RX
overruns occur when packets are received faster than the LAN
connection can handle them. If RX overruns are excessive, consider
reducing the data rate, for more information, see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
RX Frame
The RX Frame field displays the number of TCP/IP data frame
errors received.
4. Refer to the Transmitted field to view statistics transmitted over the access point LAN port.
TX Packets
TX packets are data packets sent over the access point LAN port.
The displayed number is a cumulative total since the LAN
connection was last enabled or the access point was last restarted.
To begin a new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on
page 4-2.
TX Bytes
TX bytes are bytes of information sent over the LAN port. The
displayed number is a cumulative total since the LAN Connection
was last enabled or the access point was last restarted. To begin a
new data collection, see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
TX Errors
TX errors include dropped data packets, buffer overruns, and carrier
errors on outbound traffic. The displayed number of TX errors is a
total of TX Dropped, TX Overruns and TX Carrier errors. Use this
information to re-assess AP location and transmit speed.
TX Dropped
The TX Dropped field displays the number of data packets that fail
to get sent from the access point LAN port.
TX Overruns
TX overruns are buffer overruns on the LAN port. TX overruns occur
when packets are sent faster than the LAN connection can handle.
If TX overruns are excessive, consider reducing the data rate, for
more information, see Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n
Radio on page 5-57.
Monitoring Statistics
TX Carrier
The TX Carrier field displays the number of TCP/IP data carrier
errors.
5. Click the Clear LAN Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections. The RX/TX Packets and RX/TX Bytes totals remain at
their present values and are not cleared.
6. Click the Logout button to securely exit the Access Point applet. There will be a prompt
confirming logout before the applet is closed.
7.2.1 Viewing a LAN’s STP Statistics
Each access point LAN has the ability to track its own unique STP statistics. Refer to the LAN STP
Stats page when assessing mesh networking functionality for each of the two access point LANs.
Access points in bridge mode exchange configuration messages at regular intervals (typically 1 to 4
seconds). If a bridge fails, neighboring bridges detect a lack of configuration messaging and initiate
a spanning-tree recalculation (when spanning tree is enabled).
To view access point LAN’s STP statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> LAN Stats -> LAN1 Stats (or LAN2 Stats) > STP Stats
from the access point menu tree.
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2. Refer to the Spanning Tree Info field to for details on spanning tree state, and root access
point designation.
Spanning Tree State
Displays whether the spanning tree state is currently enabled or
disabled. The spanning tree state must be enabled for a unique
spanning-tree calculation to occur when the bridge is powered up
or when a topology change is detected.
Designated Root
Displays the access point MAC address of the bridge defined as the
root bridge in the Bridge STP Configuration screen. For information
on defining an access point as a root bridge, see Setting the LAN
Configuration for Mesh Networking Support on page 9-6.
Bridge ID
The Bridge ID identifies the priority and ID of the bridge sending the
message
Root Port Number
Identifies the root bridge by listing its 2-byte priority followed by its
6-byte ID.
Monitoring Statistics
Root Path Cost
Bridge message traffic contains information identifying the root
bridge and the sending bridge. The root path cost represents the
distance (cost) from the sending bridge to the root bridge.
Bridge Max Msg. Age The Max Msg Age measures the age of received protocol
information recorded for a port, and to ensure the information is
discarded when it exceeds the value set for the Maximum
Message age timer. For information on setting the Maximum
Message Age. For information on setting the Bridge Max Msg.
Age, see Setting the LAN Configuration for Mesh Networking
Support on page 9-6.
Bridge Hello Time
The Bridge Hello Time is the time between each bridge protocol
data unit sent. This time is equal to 2 seconds (sec) by default, but
can tuned between 1 and 10 sec. For information on setting the
Bridge Hello Time, see Setting the LAN Configuration for Mesh
Networking Support on page 9-6. The 802.1d specification
recommends the Hello Time be set to a value less than half of the
Max Message age value.
Bridge Forward Delay The Bridge Forward Delay value is the time spent in a listening and
learning state. This time is equal to 15 sec by default, but you can
tune the time to be between 4 and 30 sec. For information on
setting the Bridge Forward Delay, see Setting the LAN
Configuration for Mesh Networking Support on page 9-6.
3. Refer to the Port Interface Table to assess the state of the traffic over the ports listed
within the table for the root and bridge and designated bridges.
Port ID
Identifies the port from which the configuration message was sent.
State
Displays whether a bridge is forwarding traffic to other members
of the mesh network (over this port) or blocking traffic. Each viable
member of the mesh network must forward traffic to extent the
coverage area of the mesh network.
Path Cost
The root path cost is the distance (cost) from the sending bridge to
the root bridge.
Designated Root
Displays the MAC address of the access point defined with the
lowest priority within the Mesh STP Configuration screen.
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Designated Bridge
There is only one root bridge within each mesh network. All other
bridges are designated bridges that look to the root bridge for
several mesh network timeout values. For information on root and
bridge designations, see Setting the LAN Configuration for Mesh
Networking Support on page 9-6.
Designated Port
Each designated bridge must use a unique port. The value listed
represents the port used by each bridge listed within the table to
route traffic to other members of the mesh network.
Designated Cost
Displays the unique distance between each access point MAC
address listed in the Designated Bridge column and the access
point MAC address listed in the Designated Root column.
4. Click the Logout button to securely exit the Access Point applet. There will be a prompt
confirming logout before the applet is closed.
7.3 Viewing Wireless Statistics
Use the WLAN Statistics Summary screen to view overview statistics for active (enabled) WLANs
on the access point. The WLAN Summary field displays basic information such as number of Mobile
Units (MUs) and total throughput for each of the active WLANs. The Total RF Traffic section displays
basic throughput information for all RF activity on the access point. The WLAN Statistics Summary
screen is view-only with no user configurable data fields.
If a WLAN is not displayed within the Wireless Statistics Summary screen, see Enabling Wireless
LANs (WLANs) on page 5-28 to enable the WLAN. For information on configuring the properties of
individual WLANs, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
To view access point WLAN Statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Wireless Stats from the access point menu tree.
Monitoring Statistics
2. Refer to the WLAN Summary field to reference high-level data for each enabled WLAN.
Name
Displays the names of all the enabled WLANs on the access point.
For information on enabling a WLAN, see Enabling Wireless LANs
(WLANs) on page 5-28.
MUs
Displays the total number of MUs currently associated with each
enabled WLAN. Use this information to assess if the MUs are
properly grouped by function within each enabled WLAN. To adjust
the maximum number of MUs permissible per WLAN, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
T-put
Displays the total throughput in Megabits per second (Mbps) for
each active WLAN.
ABS
Displays the Average Bit Speed (ABS) in Megabits per second
(Mbps) for each active WLAN displayed.
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% NU
Displays a percentage of the total packets for each active WLAN
that are non-unicast. Non-unicast packets include broadcast and
multicast packets.
Retries
Displays the average number of retries per packet. An excessive
number could indicate possible network or hardware problems.
Clear All WLAN Stats Click this button to reset each of the data collection counters to
zero in order to begin new data collections.
Do not clear the WLAN stats if currently in an important data
gathering activity or risk losing all data calculations to that point.
3. Refer to the Total AP RF Traffic field to view throughput information for the access point
and WLAN.
Total pkts per second
Displays the average number of RF packets sent per second across
all active WLANs on the access point. The number in black
represents packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue
represents total pkts per second for the last hour.
Total bits per second
Displays the average bits sent per second across all active WLANs
on the access point. The number in black displays this statistic for
the last 30 seconds and the number in blue displays this statistic
for the last hour.
Total associated MUs Displays the current number of MUs associated with the active
WLANs on the access point. If the number is excessive, reduce the
maximum number of MUs that can associate with the access point,
for more information, see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on
page 5-31.
Clear all RF Stats
Click the Clear all RF Stats button to reset statistic counters for
each WLAN, and the Total AP RF totals to 0. Do not clear RF stats
if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing all
data calculations to that point.
4. Click the Clear RF Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in order
to begin new data collections.
5. Click the Logout button to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
Monitoring Statistics
7.3.1 Viewing WLAN Statistics
Use the WLAN Stats screen to view detailed statistics for individual WLANs.The WLAN Stats
screen is separated into four fields; Information, Traffic, RF Status, and Errors. The Information field
displays basic information such as number of associated Mobile Units, ESSID and security
information. The Traffic field displays statistics on RF traffic and throughput. The RF Status field
displays information on RF signal averages from the associated MUs. The Error field displays RF
traffic errors based on retries, dropped packets, and undecryptable packets. The WLAN Stats screen
is view-only with no user configurable data fields.
To view statistics for an individual WLAN:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Wireless Stats -> WLANx Stats (x = target WLAN) from
the access point menu tree.
2. Refer to the Information field to view specific WLAN address, MU and security scheme
information for the WLAN selected from the access point menu tree.
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ESSID
Displays the Extended Service Set ID (ESSID) for the target WLAN.
Radio/s
Displays the name of the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio the target
WLAN is using for access point transmissions.
Authentication Type
Displays the authentication type (802.1x EAP or Kerberos) defined
for the WLAN. If the authentication type does not match the
desired scheme for the WLAN or needs to be enabled, see Enabling
Authentication and Encryption Schemes on page 6-5.
Encryption Type
Displays the encryption method defined for the WLAN. If the
encryption type does not match the desired scheme for the WLAN
or needs to be enabled, see Enabling Authentication and
Encryption Schemes on page 6-5.
Num. Associated MUs Displays the total number of MUs currently associated with the
WLAN. If this number seems excessive, consider segregating MU’s
to other WLANs if appropriate.
3. Refer to the Traffic field to view performance and throughput information for the WLAN
selected from the access point menu tree.
Pkts per second
The Total column displays the average total packets per second
crossing the selected WLAN. The Rx column displays the average
total packets per second received on the selected WLAN. The Tx
column displays the average total packets per second sent on the
selected WLAN. The number in black represents this statistic for
the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents this statistic
for the last hour.
Throughput
The Total column displays average throughput in Mbps for a given
time period on the selected WLAN. The Rx column displays
average throughput in Mbps for packets received on the selected
WLAN. The Tx column displays average throughput for packets
sent on the selected WLAN. The number in black represents
statistics for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
statistics for the last hour. Use this information to assess whether
the current access point data rate is sufficient to support required
network traffic.
Monitoring Statistics
Avg. Bit Speed
The Total column displays the average bit speed in Mbps for a
given time period on the selected WLAN.This includes all packets
that are sent and received. The number in black represents
statistics for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
statistics for the last hour. If the bit speed is significantly slower
than the selected data rate, refer to the RF Statistics and Errors
fields to troubleshoot.
% Non-unicast pkts
Displays the percentage of the total packets that are non-unicast.
Non-unicast packets include broadcast and multicast packets.The
number in black represents packets for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents packets for the last hour.
4. Refer to the RF Status field to view the following MU signal, noise and performance
information for the WLAN selected from the access point menu tree.
Avg MU Signal
Displays the average RF signal strength in dBm for all MUs
associated with the selected WLAN. The number in black
represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents this statistic for the last hour. If the signal is low,
consider mapping the MU to a different WLAN if a better functional
grouping of MUs can be determined.
Avg MU Noise
Displays the average RF noise for all MUs associated with the
selected WLAN. The number in black represents MU noise for the
last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents MU noise for the
last hour. If MU noise is excessive, consider moving the MU closer
to the access point, or in area with less conflicting network traffic.
Avg MU SNR
Displays the average Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for all MUs
associated with the selected WLAN. The Signal to Noise Ratio is
an indication of overall RF performance on your wireless networks.
5. Refer to the Errors field to view MU association error statistics for the WLAN selected from
the access point menu tree.
Avg Num of Retries
Displays the average number of retries for all MUs associated with
the selected WLAN. The number in black represents average
retries for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
average retries for the last hour.
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Dropped Packets
Displays the percentage of packets which the AP gave up on for all
MUs associated with the selected WLAN. The number in black
represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
% of Undecryptable
Pkts
Displays the percentage of undecryptable packets for all MUs
associated with the selected WLAN. The number in black
represents undecryptable pkts for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents undecryptable pkts for the last hour.
NOTE The Apply and Undo Changes buttons are not available on the WLAN
Statistics screen as this screen is view only with no configurable data
fields.
6. Click the Clear WLAN Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections.
Do not clear the WLAN stats if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing
all data calculations to that point.
7. Click the Logout button to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.4 Viewing Radio Statistics Summary
Select the Radio Stats Summary screen to view high-level information (radio name, type, number
of associated MUs, etc.) for the radio(s) enabled on an access point. Individual radio statistics can be
displayed as well by selecting a specific radio from within the access point menu tree.
To view high-level access point radio statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Radio Stats from the access point menu tree.
Monitoring Statistics
2. Refer to the Radio Summary field to reference access point radio information.
Type
Displays the type of radio (either 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n)
currently deployed by the access point. To configure the radio type,
see Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-53.
MUs
Displays the total number of MUs currently associated with each
access point radio.
T-put
Displays the total throughput in Megabits per second (Mbps) for
each access point radio listed. To adjust the data rate for a specific
radio, see Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page
5-57.
ABS
Displays the Average Bit Speed (ABS) in Megabits per second
(Mbps) for each access point radio.
RF Util
Displays the approximate RF Utilization for each access point radio
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% NU
Displays the percentage of the total packets that are non-unicast.
Non-unicast packets include broadcast and multicast packets.
Retries
Displays the average number of retries per packet on each radio. A
high number could indicate network or hardware problems.
3. Click the Clear All Radio Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero
in order to begin new data collections.
Do not clear the radio stats if currently in an important data gathering activity or risk losing
all data calculations to that point.
For information on viewing radio statistics particular to the access point radio type displayed
within the AP Stats Summary screen, see Viewing Radio Statistics on page 7-20.
4. Click the Logout button to securely exit the Access Point applet.
7.4.1 Viewing Radio Statistics
Refer to the Radio Stats screen to view detailed information for the access point radio (either
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n) displayed within the Radio Summary screen. There are four fields within
the screen. The Information field displays device address and location information, as well as
channel and power information. The Traffic field displays statistics for cumulative packets, bytes,
and errors received and transmitted. The Traffic field does not add retry information to the stats
displayed. Refer to the RF Status field for an average MU signal, noise and signal to noise ratio
information. Finally, the Errors field displays retry information as well as data transmissions the
access point radio either dropped or could not decrypt. The information within the 802.11a/n Radio
Statistics screen is view-only with no configurable data fields.
To view detailed radio statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Radio Stats -> Radio1(802.11b/g/n) Stats from the
access point menu tree.
Monitoring Statistics
2. Refer to the Information field to view the access point 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio’s
MAC address, placement and transmission information.
HW Address
The Media Access Control (MAC) address of the access point
housing the 802.11a/n radio. The MAC address is set at the factory
and can be found on the bottom of the access point. For more
information on how access point MAC addresses are assigned, see
AP-7131 MAC Address Assignment on page 1-27.
Radio Type
Displays the radio type (either 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n).
Power
The power level in milliwatts (mW) for RF signal strength. To
change the power setting for the radio, see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
Active WLANs
Lists the access point WLANs adopted by the 802.11a/n or
802.11b/g/n radio.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Placement
Lists whether the access point radio is indoors or outdoors. To
change the placement setting, see Configuring the 802.11a/n or
802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
Current Channel
Indicates the channel for communications between the access
point radio and its associated MUs. To change the channel setting,
see Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
Num Associated MUs Lists the number of mobile units (MUs) currently associated with
the access point 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio.
3. Refer to the Traffic field to view performance and throughput information for the target
access point 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio.
Pkts per second
The Total column displays the average total packets per second
crossing the radio. The Rx column displays the average total
packets per second received. The Tx column displays the average
total packets per second transmitted. The number in black
represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
Throughput
The Total column displays average throughput on the radio. The Rx
column displays average throughput in Mbps for packets received.
The Tx column displays average throughput for packets
transmitted. The number in black represents statistics for the last
30 seconds and the number in blue represents statistics for the last
hour. Use this information to assess whether the current
throughput is sufficient to support required network traffic.
Avg. Bit Speed
The Total column displays the average bit speed in Mbps for the
radio This includes all packets transmitted and received. The
number in black represents statistics for the last 30 seconds and
the number in blue represents statistics for the last hour.
Approximate RF
Utilization
The approximate RF utilization of the access point radio. This value
is calculated as throughput divided by average bit speed. The
number in black represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds and
the number in blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
% Non-unicast pkts
Displays the percentage of total radio packets that are non-unicast.
Non-unicast packets include broadcast and multicast packets.The
number in black represents packets for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents packets for the last hour.
Monitoring Statistics
4. Refer to the RF Status field to view the following MU signal, noise and performance
information for the target access point 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio.
Avg MU Signal
Displays the average RF signal strength in dBm for all MUs
associated with the radio. The number in black represents the
average signal for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue
represents the average signal for the last hour. If the signal is low,
consider mapping the MU to a different WLAN, if a better
functional grouping of MUs can be determined.
Avg MU Noise
Displays the average RF noise for all MUs associated with the
access point radio. The number in black represents MU noise for
the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents MU noise
for the last hour. If MU noise is excessive, consider moving the MU
closer to the access point, or in area with less conflicting network
traffic.
Avg MU SNR
Displays the average Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for all MUs
associated with the access point radio. The Signal to Noise Ratio
is an indication of overall RF performance on your wireless
network.
5. Refer to the Errors field to reference retry information as well as data transmissions the
target access point 802.11a/n or 802.11 b/g radio either gave up on could not decrypt.
Avg Num. of Retries
Displays the average number of retries for all MUs associated with
the access point 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio. The number in
black represents retries for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents retries for the last hour.
Dropped Packets
Displays the percentage of packets the AP gave up on for all MUs
associated with the access point 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio.
The number in black represents this statistic for the last 30 seconds
and the number in blue represents this statistic for the last hour.
% of Undecryptable
Pkts
Displays the percentage of undecryptable packets for all MUs
associated with the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio. The number in
black represents packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents packets for the last hour.
6. Click the Clear Radio Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
7. Click the Logout button to securely exit the Access Point applet.
7.4.1.1 Retry Histogram
Refer to the Retry Histrogram screen for an overview of the retries transmitted by an access point
radio and whether those retries contained any data packets. Use this information in combination with
the error fields within a Radio Stats screen to assess overall radio performance.
To display a Retry Histogram screen for an access point radio:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Radio Stats -> Radio1(802.11b/g/n) Stats -> Retry
Histogram from the access point menu tree.
A Radio Histogram screen is available for each access point radio (regardless of single or
dual-radio model).
The table’s first column shows 0 under Retries. The value under the Packets column
directly to the right shows the number of packets transmitted by this access point radio that
required 0 retries (delivered on the first attempt). As you go down the table you can see the
number of packets requiring 1 retry, 2 retries etc. Use this information to assess whether an
Monitoring Statistics
abundance of retries warrants reconfiguring the access point radio to achieve better
performance.
2. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radio Histogram screen. Navigating away from the
screen without clicking Apply results in changes to the screens being lost.
3. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made to the screen. Undo Changes
reverts the settings to the last saved configuration.
4. Click Logout to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
7.5 Viewing MU Statistics Summary
Use the MU Stats Summary screen to display overview statistics for mobile units (MUs) associated
with the access point. The MU List field displays basic information such as IP Address and total
throughput for each associated MU. The MU Stats screen is view-only with no user configurable data
fields. However, individual MUs can be selected from within the MU Stats Summary screen to either
ping to assess interoperability or display authentication statistics.
To view access point overview statistics for all of the MUs associated to the access point:
1. Select Status and Statistics - > MU Stats from the access point menu tree.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
2. Refer to the MU List field to reference associated MU address, throughput and retry
information.
IP Address
Displays the IP address of each of the associated MU.
MAC Address
Displays the MAC address of each of the associated MU.
WLAN
Displays the WLAN name each MU is interoperating with.
Radio
Displays the name of the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio each MU
is associated with.
T-put
Displays the total throughput in Megabits per second (Mbps) for
each associated MU.
ABS
Displays the Average Bit Speed (ABS) in Megabits per second
(Mbps) for each associated MU.
Retries
Displays the average number of retries per packet. A high number
retries could indicate possible network or hardware problems.
Monitoring Statistics
Hotspot
Displays whether this radio is currently supporting a hotspot.
3. Click the Refresh button to update the data collections displayed without resetting the data
collections to zero.
4. Click the Echo Test button to display a screen for verifying the link with an associated MU.
For detailed information on conducting a ping test for an MUs, see Pinging Individual MUs
on page 7-30.
NOTE An echo test initiated from the access point MU Stats Summary screen
uses WNMP pings. Therefore, target clients that are not Motorola MUs
are unable to respond to the echo test.
5. Click the MU Authentication Statistics button to display a screen with detailed
authentication statistics for the an MU.
For information on individual MU authentication statistics, see MU Authentication Statistics
on page 7-31.
6. Click the MU Details button to display a screen with detailed statistics for a selected MU.
For detailed information on individual MU authentication statistics, see Viewing MU Details
on page 7-27.
7. Click the Clear All MU Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero in
order to begin new data collections.
8. Click the Logout button to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.5.1 Viewing MU Details
Use the MU Details screen to display throughput, signal strength and transmit error information for
a specific MU associated with the access point.
The MU Details screen is separated into four fields; MU Properties, MU Traffic, MU Signal, and MU
Errors. The MU Properties field displays basic information such as hardware address, IP address,
and associated WLAN and AP. Reference the MU Traffic field for MU RF traffic and throughput data.
Use the RF Status field to reference information on RF signal averages from the target MU. The Error
field displays RF traffic errors based on retries, dropped packets and undecryptable packets. The MU
Details screen is view-only with no user configurable data fields.
To view details specific to an individual MU:
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select Status and Statistics -> MU Stats from the access point menu tree.
Highlight a specific MU.
Select the MU Details button.
Refer to the MU Properties field to view MU address information.
IP Address
Displays the IP address of the MU.
WLAN Association
Displays the name of the WLAN the MU is associated with. Use
this information to assess whether the MU is properly grouped
within that specific WLAN.
PSP State
Displays the current PSP state of the MU. The PSP Mode field has
two potential settings. PSP indicates the MU is operating in Power
Save Protocol mode. In PSP, the MU runs enough power to check
for beacons and is otherwise inactive. CAM indicates the MU is
continuously aware of all radio traffic. Motorola recommends CAM
for those MUs transmitting with the AP frequently and for periods
of time of two hours.
HW Address
Displays the Media Access Control (MAC) address for the MU.
Radio Association
Displays the name of the AP MU is currently associated with. If the
name of the access point requires modification, see Configuring
System Settings on page 4-2.
QoS Client Type
Displays the data type transmitted by the mobile unit. Possible
types include Legacy, Voice, WMM Baseline and Power Save.
For more information, see Setting the WLAN Quality of Service
(QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
Encryption
Displays the encryption scheme deployed by the associated MU.
5. Refer to the Traffic field to view individual MU RF throughput information.
Packets per second
The Total column displays average total packets per second
crossing the MU. The Rx column displays the average total packets
per second received on the MU. The Tx column displays the
average total packets per second sent on the MU. The number in
black represents Pkts per second for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents Pkts per second for the last hour.
Monitoring Statistics
Throughput
The Total column displays the average total packets per second
crossing the selected MU. The Rx column displays the average
total packets per second received on the MU. The Tx column
displays the average total packets per second sent on the MU. The
number in black represents throughput for the last 30 seconds, the
number in blue represents throughput for the last hour.
Avg. Bit Speed
The Total column displays the average bit speed in Mbps for a
given time period on the MU. This includes all packets sent and
received. The number in black represents average bit speed for the
last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents average bit
speed for the last hour. Consider increasing the data rate of the AP
if the current bit speed does not meet network requirements. For
more information, see Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n
Radio on page 5-57. The associated MU must also be set to the
higher rate to interoperate with the access point at that data rate.
% of Non-unicast pkts Displays the percentage of the total packets for the selected
mobile unit that are non-unicast. Non-unicast packets include
broadcast and multicast packets. The number in black represents
packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
packets for the last hour.
6. Refer to the RF Status field to view MU signal and signal disturbance information.
Avg MU Signal
Displays RF signal strength in dBm for the target MU. The number
in black represents signal information for the last 30 seconds and
the number in blue represents signal information for the last hour.
Avg MU Noise
Displays RF noise for the target MU. The number in black
represents noise for the last 30 seconds, the number in blue
represents noise for the last hour.
Avg MU SNR
Displays the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for the target MU. The
Signal to Noise Ratio is an indication of overall RF performance on
your wireless network.
7. Refer to the Errors field to view MU retry information and statistics on packets not
transmitted.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Avg Num of Retries
Displays the average number of retries for the MU. The number in
black represents average retries for the last 30 seconds and the
number in blue represents average retries for the last hour.
Dropped Packets
Displays the percentage of packets the AP gave up as not received
on for the selected MU. The number in black represents the
percentage of packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in
blue represents the percentage of packets for the last hour.
% of Undecryptable
Pkts
Displays the percentage of undecryptable packets for the MU. The
number in black represents the percentage of undecryptable
packets for the last 30 seconds and the number in blue represents
the percentage of undecryptable packets for the last hour.
8. Click OK to exit the screen.
7.5.2 Pinging Individual MUs
The access point can verify its link with an MU by sending WNMP ping packets to the associated MU.
Use the Echo Test screen to specify a target MU and configure the parameters of the ping test.
NOTE An echo test initiated from the access point MU Stats Summary screen
uses WNMP pings. Therefore, target clients that are not Motorola MUs
are unable to respond to the echo test.
To ping a specific MU to assess its connection with an access point:
1. Select Status and Statistics - > MU Stats from the access point menu tree.
2. Select the Echo Test button from within the MU Stats Summary screen
3. Specify the following ping test parameters.
Station Address
The IP address of the target MU. Refer to the MU Stats Summary
screen for associated MU IP address information.
Number of ping
Specify the number of ping packets to transmit to the target MU.
The default is 100.
Packet Length
Specify the length of each data packet transmitted to the target
MU during the ping test. The default is 100 bytes.
Packet Data
Defines the data to be transmitted as part of the test.
Monitoring Statistics
4. Click the Ping button to begin transmitting ping packets to the station address specified.
Refer to the Number of Responses parameter to assess the number of responses from the
target MU versus the number of pings transmitted by the access point. Use the ratio of
packets sent versus packets received to assess the link quality between MU and the access
point
Click the Ok button to exit the Echo Test screen and return to the MU Stats Summary screen.
7.5.3 MU Authentication Statistics
The access point can access and display authentication statistics for individual MUs.
To view access point authentication statistics for a specific MU:
1. Select Status and Statistics - > MU Stats from the access point menu tree.
2. Highlight a target MU from within the MU List field.
3. Click the MU Authentication Statistics button
Use the displayed statistics to determine if the target MU would be better served with a
different access point WLAN or access point radio.
4. Click Ok to return to the MU Stats Summary screen.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
7.6 Viewing the Mesh Statistics Summary
The access point has the capability of detecting and displaying the properties of other access points
in mesh network (either base bridges or client bridges) mode. This information is used to create a list
of known wireless bridges.
To view detected mesh network statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Mesh Stats from the access point menu tree.
The Mesh Statistics Summary screen displays the following information:
Conn Type
Displays whether the bridge has been defined as a base bridge or
a client bridge. For information on defining configuring the access
point as either a base or client bridge, see Configuring Mesh
Networking Support on page 9-6.
Monitoring Statistics
MAC Address
The unique 48-bit, hard-coded Media Access Control address,
known as the devices station identifier. This value is hard coded at
the factory by the manufacturer and cannot be changed.
WLAN
Displays the WLAN name each wireless bridge is interoperating
with.
Radio
Displays the name of the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio each
bridge is associated with.
T-put
Displays the total throughput in Megabits per second (Mbps) for
each associated bridge.
ABS
Displays the Average Bit Speed (ABS) in Megabits per second
(Mbps) for each associated bridge.
Retries
Displays the average number of retries per packet. A high number
retries could indicate possible network or hardware problems.
2. Click the Refresh button to update the display of the Mesh Statistics Summary screen to
the latest values.
3. Click the Details button to display AP properties and radio information for those access
points in a mesh configuration with this detecting access point.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
4. Click the Logout button to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
7.7 Viewing Known Access Point Statistics
The access point has the capability of detecting and displaying the properties of other Motorola
access points located within its coverage area. Detected access point’s transmit a WNMP message
Monitoring Statistics
indicating their channel, IP address, firmware version, etc. This information is used to create a known
AP list. The list has field indicating the properties of the access point discovered.
NOTE The Known AP Statistics screen only displays statistics for access
points located on the same subnet.
To view detected access point statistics:
1. Select Status and Statistics -> Known AP Stats from the access point menu tree.
The Known AP Statistics screen displays the following information:
IP Address
The network-assigned Internet Protocol address of the located AP.
MAC Address
The unique 48-bit, hard-coded Media Access Control address,
known as the devices station identifier. This value is hard coded at
the factory by the manufacturer and cannot be changed.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
MUs
The number MUs associated with the located access point.
Unit Name
Displays the name assigned to the access point using the System
Settings screen. For information on changing the unit name, see
Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
2. Click the Clear Known AP Stats button to reset each of the data collection counters to zero
in order to begin new data collections.
3. Click the Details button to display access point address and radio information.
The Known AP Details screen displays the target AP’s MAC address, IP address, radio
channel, number of associated MUs, packet throughput per second, radio type(s), model,
Monitoring Statistics
firmware version, ESS and client bridges currently connected to the AP radio. Use this
information to determine whether this AP provides better MU association support than the
locating access point or warrants consideration as a member of a different mesh network.
4. Click the Ping button to display a screen for verifying the link with a highlighted access
point.
NOTE A ping test initiated from the access point Known AP Statistics screen
uses WNMP pings. Therefore, target devices that are not Motorola access
points are unable to respond to the ping test.
5. Click the Send Cfg to APs button to send the your access point’s configuration to other
access point’s. The recipient access point must be the same single or dual-radio model as
the access point sending the configuration. The sending and recipient access point’s must
also be running the same major firmware version.
!
CAUTION When using the Send Cfg to APs function to migrate an access point’s
configuration to other access points, it is important to keep in mind
mesh network configuration parameters do not get completely sent to
other access points. The Send Cfg to APs function will not send the
“auto-select” and “preferred list” settings. Additionally, LAN1 and
LAN2 IP mode settings will only be sent if the sender’s AP mode is
DHCP or BOOTP. The WAN’s IP mode will only be sent if the sender’s IP
mode is DHCP.
6. Click the Start Flash button to flash the LEDs of other access points detected and displayed
within the Known AP Statistics screen.
Use the Start Flash button to determine the location of the devices displayed within the
Known AP Statistics screen. When an access point is highlighted and the Start Flash button
is selected, the LEDs on the selected access point flash. When the Stop Flash button is
selected, the LEDs on the selected access point go back to normal operation.
7. Click the Logout button to securely exit the Access Point applet. A prompt displays
confirming the logout before the applet is closed.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
CLI Reference
The access point Command Line Interface (CLI) is accessed through the serial port or a Telnet session.
The access point CLI follows the same conventions as the Web-based user interface. The CLI does,
however, provide an “escape sequence” to provide diagnostics for problem identification and
resolution.
The CLI treats the following as invalid characters:
<
>
|
"
&
\
?
,
In order to avoid problems when using the CLI, these characters should be avoided.
8-2 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.1 Connecting to the CLI
8.1.1 Accessing the CLI through the Serial Port
To connect to the access point CLI through the serial port:
1. Connect one end of a null modem serial cable to the access point’s serial connector.
2. Attach the other end of the null modem serial cable to the serial port of a PC running HyperTerminal or a similar emulation
program.
3. Set the HyperTerminal program to use 19200 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity, no flow control, and auto-detect for
terminal emulation.
4. Press <ESC> or <Enter> to enter into the CLI.
5. Enter the default username of admin and the default password of motorola. If this is your first time logging into the access
point, you are unable to access any of the access point’s commands until the country code is set. A new password will also
need to be created.
8.1.2 Accessing the CLI via Telnet
To connect to the access point CLI through a Telnet connection:
1. If this is your first time connecting to your access point, keep in mind the access point uses a static IP WAN address
(10.1.1.1). Additionally, the access point’s LAN port is set as a DHCP client.
2. Enter the default username of admin and the default password of motorola. If this is your first time logging into the access
point, you are unable to access any of the access point’s commands until the country code is set. A new password will also
need to be created.
8-3
8.2 Admin and Common Commands
AP7131>admin>
Description:
Displays admin configuration options. The items available under this command are shown below.
Syntax:
help
passwd
summary
network
system
stats
..
/
save
quit
Displays general user interface help.
Changes the admin password.
Shows a system summary.
Goes to the network submenu
Goes to the system submenu.
Goes to the stats submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-4 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin>help
Description:
Displays general CLI user interface help.
Syntax:
help
Displays command line help using combinations of function keys for navigation.
Example:
admin>help
?
* Restriction of “?”:
: display command help - Eg. ?, show ?, s?
: “?” after a function argument is treated
: as an argument
: Eg. admin<network.lan> set lan enable?
: (Here “?” is an invalid extra argument,
: because it is after the argument
: “enable”)
<ctrl-q>
: go backwards in command history
<ctrl-p>
: go forwards in command history
* Note
: 1) commands can be incomplete
: - Eg. sh = sho = show
: 2) “//” introduces a comment and gets no
: resposne from CLI.
admin>
8-5
AP7131>admin>passwd
Description:
Changes the password for the admin login.
Syntax:
passwd
Changes the admin password for access point access. This requires typing the old admin password and entering a
new password and confirming it. Passwords can be up to 11 characters. The access point CLI treats the following as
invalid characters:
'
"
\
&
$
^
*
+
?
[
(
{ | , < >
In order to avoid problems when using the access point CLI, these characters should be avoided.
Example:
admin>passwd
Old Admin Password:******
New Admin Password (0 - 11 characters):******
Verify Admin Password (0 - 11 characters):******
Country Code: us
Warning: The country selected must match the country the device is used in. An
incorrect country may result in illegal radio operation. Your radio's
configuration have been defaulted to operate within the regulations of the country
selected.
For information on configuring passwords using the applet (GUI), see Setting Passwords on page 6-3.
8-6 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin>summary
Description:
Displays the access point’s system summary.
Syntax:
summary
Displays a summary of high-level characteristics and settings for the WAN, LAN and WLAN.
Example:
admin>summary
AP-7131 firmware version
3.0.0.0-xxx
country code
us
serial number
00A0F8716A74
WLAN 1:
WLAN Name
WLAN1
ESS ID
101
Radio
12.4 and 5.0 GHz
VLAN
VLAN1
Security Policy
Default
QoS Policy
Default
LAN1 Name: LAN1
LAN1 Mode: enable
LAN1 IP: 0.0.0.0
LAN1 Mask: 0.0.0.0
LAN1 DHCP Mode: client
LAN2 Name: LAN2
LAN2 Mode: enable
LAN2 IP: 192.235.1.1
LAN2 Mask: 255.255.255.0
LAN2 DHCP Mode: client
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WAN Interface
IP Address
Network Mask
Default Gateway
DHCP Client
----------------------------------------------------------------------------enable
172.20.23.10
255.255.255.192
172.20.23.20
enable
For information on displaying a system summary using the applet (GUI), see Basic Device Configuration on page 3-4.
8-7
AP7131>admin>..
Description:
Displays the parent menu of the current menu.
This command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to move up one level in the
directory structure.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>..
admin(network)>
8-8 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin> /
Description:
Displays the root menu, that is, the top-level CLI menu.
This command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to move up to the top level in the
directory structure.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>/
admin>
8-9
AP7131>admin>save
Description:
Saves the configuration to system flash.
The save command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to save the current
configuration.
Syntax:
save
Saves configuration settings. The save command works at all levels of the CLI. The save command must be issued before
leaving the CLI for updated settings to be retained.
Example:
admin>save
admin>
8-10 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin>quit
Description:
Exits the command line interface session and terminates the session.
The quit command appears in all of the submenus under admin. In each case, it has the same function, to exit out of the CLI. Once
the quit command is executed, the login prompt displays again.
Example:
admin>quit
8-11
8.3 Network Commands
AP7131>admin(network)>
Description:
Displays the network submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
lan
wan
wireless
firewall
router
..
/
save
quit
Goes to the LAN submenu.
Goes to the WAN submenu.
Goes to the Wireless Configuration submenu.
Goes to the firewall submenu.
Goes to the router submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
8-12 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.1 Network LAN Commands
AP7131>admin(network.lan)>
Description:
Displays the LAN submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
bridge
wlan-mapping
dhcp
type-filter
..
/
save
quit
Shows current access point LAN parameters.
Sets LAN parameters.
Goes to the mesh configuration submenu.
Goes to the WLAN/Lan/Vlan Mapping submenu.
Goes to the LAN DHCP submenu.
Goes to the Ethernet Type Filter submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the LAN configuration options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-13
AP7131>admin(network.lan)> show
Description:
Displays the access point LAN settings.
Syntax:
show
Shows the settings for the access point LAN1 and LAN2 interfaces.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>show
LAN On Ethernet Port
: LAN1
LAN Ethernet Timeout
: disable
802.1x Port Authentication:
Username
: admin
Password
: ********
Auto-negoitation
: disable
Speed
: 100M
Duplex
: full
** LAN1 Information **
LAN Name
: LAN1
LAN Interface
: enable
802.11q Trunking
: disable
LAN IP mode
: DHCP client
IP Address
: 192.168.0.1
Network Mask
: 255.255.255.255
Default Gateway
: 192.168.0.1
Domain Name
:
Primary DNS Server
: 192.168.0.1
Secondary DNS Server
: 192.168.0.2
WINS Server
: 192.168.0.254
** LAN2 Information **
LAN Name
: LAN2
LAN Interface
: disable
802.11q Trunking
: disable
LAN IP mode
: DHCP server
IP Address
: 192.168.1.1
8-14 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Network Mask
: 255.255.255.255
Default Gateway
: 192.168.1.1
Domain Name
:
Primary DNS Server
: 192.168.0.2
Secondary DNS Server
: 192.168.0.3
WINS Server
: 192.168.0.255
admin(network.lan)>
For information on displaying LAN information using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-15
AP7131>admin(network.lan)> set
Description:
Sets the LAN parameters for the LAN port.
Syntax:
set
lan
name
ethernet-port-lan
timeout
<mode>
<idx-name >
<idx>
<seconds>
trunking
auto-negotiation
speed
duplex
username
passwd
ip-mode
ipadr
mask
dgw
domain
dns
wins
<mode>
<mode>
<mbps>
<mode>
<name>
<password>
<ip>
<ip>
<ip>
<ip>
<name>
<ip>
<ip>
Enables or disables the access point LAN interface.
Defines the LAN name by index.
Defines which LAN (LAN1 or LAN2) is active on the Ethernet port.
Sets the interval (in seconds) the access point uses to terminate its LAN
interface if no activity is detected for the specified interval.
Enables or disables 802.11q Trunking over the access point LAN port.
Enables or disables auto-negotiation for the access point LAN port.
Defines the access point LAN port speed as either 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps.
Defines the access port LAN port duplex as either half or full.
Specifies user name for 802.1x port authentication over the LAN interface.
The 0-32 character password for the username for the 802.1x port.
Defines the access point LAN port IP mode.
Sets the IP address used by the LAN port.
Defines the IP address used for access point LAN port network mask.
Sets the Gateway IP address used by the LAN port.
Specifies the domain name used by the access point LAN port.
Sets the IP address of the primary and secondary DNS servers.
Defines the IP address of the WINS server used by the LAN port.
Example:
admin(network.lan)>
admin(network.lan)>set lan 1 enable
admin(network.lan)>set name 1 engineering
admin(network.lan)>set ethernet-port-lan 1
admin(network.lan)>set timeout 45
admin(network.lan)>set trunking 1 disable
admin(network.lan)>set auto-negotiation disable
admin(network.lan)>set speed 100M
admin(network.lan)>set duplex full
admin(network.lan)>set dns 1 192.168.0.1
admin(network.lan)>set wins 1 192.168.0.254
admin(network.lan)>set trunking disable
admin(network.lan)>set username phil
admin(network.lan)>set passwd ea0258c1
Related Commands:
show
Shows the current settings for the access point LAN port.
For information on configuring the LAN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-16 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.1.1 Network LAN, Bridge Commands
AP7131>admin(network.lan.bridge)>
Description:
Displays the access point Bridge submenu.
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays the mesh configuration parameters for the access point’s LANs.
Sets the mesh configuration parameters for the access point’s LANs..
Moves to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the session.
For an overview of the access point’s mesh networking options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Mesh Networking on page 9-1.
8-17
AP7131>admin(network.lan.bridge)> show
Description:
Displays the mesh bridge configuration parameters for the access point’s LANs.
Syntax:
show
Displays mesh bridge configuration parameters for the access point’s LANs.
Example:
admin(network.lan.bridge)>show
** LAN1 Bridge Configuration **
Bridge Priority
:63335
Hello Time (seconds)
:2
Message Age Time (seconds)
:20
Forward Delay Time (seconds) :15
Entry Ageout Time (seconds)
:300
** LAN2 Bridge Configuration **
Bridge Priority
:63335
Hello Time (seconds)
:2
Message Age Time (seconds)
:20
Forward Delay Time (seconds) :15
Entry Ageout Time (seconds)
:300
For an overview of the access point’s mesh networking options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Mesh Networking on page 9-1.
8-18 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.bridge)> set
Description:
Sets the mesh configuration parameters for the access point’s LANs.
Syntax:
set priority
hello
msgage
fwddelay
ageout
<LAN-idx>
<LAN-idx>
<LAN-idx>
<LAN-idx>
<LAN-idx>
<seconds>
<seconds>
<seconds>
<seconds>
<seconds>
Sets bridge priority time in seconds (0-65535) for specified LAN.
Sets bridge hello time in seconds (0-10) for specified LAN.
Sets bridge message age time in seconds (6-40) for specified LAN.
Sets bridge forward delay time in seconds (4-30) for specified LAN.
Sets bridge forward table entry time in seconds (4-3600) for specified LAN.
Example:
admin(network.lan.bridge)>set priority 2 63335
admin(network.lan.bridge)>set hello 2 2
admin(network.lan.bridge)>set msgage 2 20
admin(network.lan.bridge)>set fwddelay 2 15
admin(network.lan.bridge)>set ageout 2 300
admin(network.lan.bridge)>show
** LAN1 Mesh Configuration **
Bridge Priority
:63335
Hello Time (seconds)
:2
Message Age Time (seconds)
:20
Forward Delay Time (seconds) :15
Entry Ageout Time (seconds)
:300
** LAN2 Mesh Configuration **
Bridge Priority
:63335
Hello Time (seconds)
:2
Message Age Time (seconds)
:20
Forward Delay Time (seconds) :15
Entry Ageout Time (seconds)
:300
For an overview of the access point’s mesh networking options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Mesh Networking on page 9-1.
8-19
8.3.1.2 Network LAN, WLAN-Mapping Commands
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>
Description:
Displays the WLAN/Lan/Vlan Mapping submenu.
show
set
create
edit
delete
lan-map
vlan-map
..
/
save
quit
Displays the VLAN list currently defined for the access point.
Sets the access point VLAN configuration.
Creates a new access point VLAN.
Edits the properties of an existing access point VLAN.
Deletes a VLAN.
Maps access point existing WLANs to an enabled LAN.
Maps access point existing WLANs to VLANs.
Moves to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the session.
For an overview of the access point’s VLAN configuration options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-20 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)> show
Description:
Displays the VLAN list currently defined for the access point.. These parameters are defined with the set command.
Syntax:
show
name
vlan-cfg
lan-wlan
wlan
Displays the existing list of VLAN names.
Shows WLAN-VLAN mapping and VLAN configuration.
Displays a WLAN-LAN mapping summary.
Displays the WLAN summary list.
Example:
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>show name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
VLAN ID
VLAN Name
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1
VLAN_1
2
2
VLAN_2
3
3
VLAN_3
4
4
VLAN_4
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>show vlan-cfg
----------------------------------------------------------------------------LAN No.
Management VLAN Tag
Native VLAN Tag
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1
1
2
1
1
WLAN
:WLAN1
mapped to VLAN
:<none>
VLAN Mode
:static
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>show lan-wlan
WLANs on LAN1:
:WLAN1
:WLAN2
:WLAN3
WLANs on LAN2:
8-21
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>show wlan
WLAN1:
WLAN Name
:WLAN1
ESSID
:101
Radio
:
VLAN
:
Security Policy
:Default
QoS Policy
:Default
For information on displaying the VLAN screens using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-22 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)> set
Description:
Sets VLAN parameters for the access point.
Syntax:
set mgmt- tag
native-tag
mode
<id>
Defines the Management VLAN tag index (1 or 2) to tag number (1-4095).
<id>
Sets the Native VLAN tag index (1 or 2) to tag number (1-4095).
<wlan-idx> Sets WLAN VLAN mode (WLAN 1-16) to either dynamic or static.
Example:
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>set mgmt-tag 1 10
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>set native-tag 1 12
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>set mode 1 static
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>show vlan-cfg
----------------------------------------------------------------------------LAN No.
Management VLAN Tag
Native VLAN Tag
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
10
12
2
1
1
WLAN
:WLAN1
mapped to VLAN
:<none>
VLAN Mode
:static
For information on configuring VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-23
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)> create
Description:
Creates a VLAN for the access point.
Syntax:
create
vlan-id
<id>
vlan-name <name>
Defines the VLAN ID (1-4095).
Specifies the name of the VLAN (1-31 characters in length).
Example:
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>create 5 vlan-5
For information on creating VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-24 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)> edit
Description:
Modifies a VLAN’s name and ID.
Syntax:
edit
name
id
<name>
<id>
Modifies an exisiting VLAN name (1-31 characters in length)
Modifies an existing VLAN ID (1-4095) characters in length)
For information on editing VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-25
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)> delete
Description:
Deletes a specific VLAN or all VLANs.
Syntax:
delete
< VLAN id> Deletes a specific VLAN ID (1-16).
all
Deletes all defined VLAN entries.
For information on deleting VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-26 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)> lan-map
Description:
Maps an access point VLAN to a WLAN.
Syntax:
lan-map <wlan name>
<lan name>
Maps an existing WLAN to an enabled LAN. All names and IDs are case-sensitive.
Defines enabled LAN name. All names and IDs are case-sensitive.
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>lan-map wlan1 lan1
For information on mapping VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-27
AP7131>admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)> vlan-map
Description:
Maps an access point VLAN to a WLAN.
Syntax:
vlan-map <wlan name>
<vlan name>
Maps an existing WLAN to an enabled LAN. All names and IDs are case-sensitive.
Defines the existing VLAN name. All names and IDs are case-sensitive.
admin(network.lan.wlan-mapping)>vlan-map wlan1 vlan1
For information on mapping VLANs using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VLAN Support on page 5-5.
8-28 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.1.3 Network LAN, DHCP Commands
AP7131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)>
Description:
Displays the access point DHCP submenu. The items available are displayed below.
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Displays DHCP parameters.
Sets DHCP parameters.
Adds static DHCP address assignments.
Deletes static DHCP address assignments.
Lists static DHCP address assignments.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the session.
8-29
AP7131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> show
Description:
Shows DHCP parameter settings.
Syntax:
show
Displays DHCP parameter settings for the access point. These parameters are defined with the set
command.
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>show
**LAN1 DHCP Information**
DHCP Address Assignment Range:
Starting IP Address
Ending IP Address
Lease Time
: 192.168.0.100
: 192.168.0.254
: 86400
**LAN2 DHCP Information**
DHCP Address Assignment Range:
Starting IP Address
Ending IP Address
Lease Time
: 192.168.0.100
: 192.168.0.254
: 86400
For information on configuring DHCP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-30 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> set
Description:
Sets DHCP parameters for the LAN port.
Syntax:
set range
lease
<LAN-idx> <ip1>
<ip2>
<LAN-idx> <lease>
Sets the DHCP assignment range from IP address <ip1> to IP address <ip2> for the
specified LAN.
Sets the DHCP lease time <lease> in seconds (1-999999) for the specified LAN.
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>set range 1 192.168.0.100 192.168.0.254
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>set lease 1 86400
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>show
**LAN1 DHCP Information**
DHCP Address Assignment Range:
Starting IP Address
Ending IP Address
Lease Time
: 192.168.0.100
: 192.168.0.254
: 86400
For information on configuring DHCP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the LAN Interface on page 5-1.
8-31
AP7131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> add
Description:
Adds static DHCP address assignments.
Syntax:
add
<LAN-idx> <mac>
<ip>
Adds a reserved static IP address to a MAC address for the specified LAN
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>add 1 00A0F8112233 192.160.24.6
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>add 1 00A0F1112234 192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
MAC Address
IP Address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8112233
192.160.24.6
2
00A0F8112234
192.169.24.7
For information on adding client MAC and IP address information using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Advanced DHCP Server
Settings on page 5-12.
8-32 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> delete
Description:
Deletes static DHCP address assignments.
Syntax:
delete
<LAN-idx> <entry>
<LAN-idx> all
Deletes the static DHCP address entry for the specified LAN.
Deletes all static DHCP addresses.
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
MAC Address
IP Address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8112233
10.1.2.4
2
00A0F8102030
10.10.1.2
3
00A0F8112234
10.1.2.3
4
00A0F8112235
192.160.24.6
5
00A0F8112236
192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>delete 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
mac address
ip address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8102030
10.10.1.2
2
00A0F8112234
10.1.2.3
3
00A0F8112235
192.160.24.6
4
00A0F8112236
192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>delete 1 all
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
mac address
ip address
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
For information on deleting client MAC and IP address information using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Advanced DHCP Server Settings on page 5-12.
8-33
AP7131>admin(network.lan.dhcp)> list
Description:
Lists static DHCP address assignments.
Syntax:
list
<LAN-idx> <cr>
Lists the static DHCP address assignments for the specified LAN (1-LAN1, 2 LAN2).
Example:
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Index
MAC Address
IP Address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8112233
10.1.2.4
2
00A0F8102030
10.10.1.2
3
00A0F8112234
10.1.2.3
4
00A0F8112235
192.160.24.6
5
00A0F8112236
192.169.24.7
admin(network.lan.dhcp)>
For information on listing client MAC and IP address information using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Advanced DHCP Server Settings on page 5-12.
8-34 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.1.4 Network Type Filter Commands
AP7131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)>
Description:
Displays the access point Type Filter submenu. The items available under this command include:
e
show
set
add
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current Ethernet Type exception list.
Defines Ethernet Type Filter parameters.
Adds an Ethernet Type Filter entry.
Removes an Ethernet Type Filter entry.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-35
AP7131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current Ethernet Type Filter configuration.
Syntax:
show
<LAN-idx>
Displays the existing Type-Filter configuration for the specified LAN.
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>show 1
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
8137
For information on displaying the type filter configuration using the applet, see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on page 5-14.
8-36 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> set
Description:
Defines the access point Ethernet Type Filter configuration.
Syntax:
set mode
<LAN-idx>
<mode>
allow or deny
Allows or denies the access point from processing a specified Ethernet
data type for the specified LAN.
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>set mode 1 allow
For information on configuring the type filter settings using the applet (GUI), see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on page 5-14.
8-37
AP7131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> add
Description:
Adds an Ethernet Type Filter entry.
Syntax:
add <LAN-idx>
<type>
Adds entered Ethernet Type to list of data types either allowed or denied access point
processing permissions for the specified LAN (either LAN1 or LAN2).
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>add 1 8137
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>add 2 0806
admin(network.wireless.type-filter)>show 1
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
8137
2
0806
3
0800
4
8782
For information on configuring the type filter settings using the applet (GUI), see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on page 5-14.
8-38 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.lan.type-filter)> delete
Description:
Removes an Ethernet Type Filter entry individually or the entire Type Filter list.
Syntax:
delete
<LAN-idx>
<LAN-idx>
<index>
all
Deletes the specified Ethernet Type index entry (1 through 16).
Deletes all Ethernet entries currently in list.
Example:
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>delete 1 1
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>show 1
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
0806
2
0800
3
8782
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>delete 2 all
admin(network.lan.type-filter)>show 2
Ethernet Type Filter mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ethernet type
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
For information on configuring the type filter settings using the applet (GUI), see Setting the Type Filter Configuration on page 5-14.
8-39
8.3.2 Network WAN Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wan)>
Description:
Displays the WAN submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
nat
vpn
content
dyndns
..
/
save
quit
Displays the access point WAN configuration and the access point’s current PPPoE configuration.
Defines the access point’s WAN and PPPoE configuration.
Displays the NAT submenu, wherein Network Address Translations (NAT) can be defined.
Goes to the VPN submenu, where the access point VPN tunnel configuration can be set.
Goes to the outbound content filtering menu.
Displays the Dynamic DNS submenu, wherein dyndns settings can be defined.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the access point system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
For an overview of the WAN configuration options using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-16.
8-40 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan)> show
Description:
Displays the access point WAN port parameters.
Syntax:
show Shows the general IP parameters for the WAN port along with settings for the WAN interface..
Example:
admin(network.wan)>show
Status
: enable
Primary DNS Server
: 0.0.0.0
Secondary DNS Server
: 0.0.0.0
Auto-negotiation
: disable
Speed
: 100M
Duplex
: full
WAN IP 2
: disable
WAN IP 3
: disable
WAN IP 4
: disable
WAN IP 5
: disable
WAN IP 6
: disable
WAN IP 7
: disable
WAN IP 8
: disable
PPPoE Mode
: enable
PPPoE User Name
: JohnDoe
PPPoE Password
: *******
PPPoE keepalive mode
: enable
PPPoE Idle Time
: 600
PPPoE Authentication Type
: chap
PPPoE State
admin(network.wan)>
For an overview of the WAN configuration options available using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-16.
8-41
AP7131>admin(network.wan)> set
Description:
Defines the configuration of the access point WAN port.
Syntax:
set wan
dhcp
ipadr
enable/disable
enable/disable
<idx>
<a.b.c.d>
mask
dgw
dns
<a.b.c.d>
<a.b.c.d>
<idx>
<a.b.c.d>
autonegotiation
speed
enable/disable
duplex
pppoe
<mbps>
<mode>
mode
user
passwd
ka
idle
type
enable/disable
<name>
<password>
enable/disable
<time>
<auth-type>
Enables or disables the access point WAN port.
Enables or disables WAN DHCP Client mode.
Sets up to 8 (using <indx> from 1 to 8) IP addresses <a.b.c.d> for the
access point WAN interface.
Sets the subnet mask for the access point WAN interface.
Sets the default gateway IP address to <a.b.c.d>.
Sets the IP address of one or two DNS servers, where <indx>
indicates either the primary (1) or secondary (2) server, and <a.b.c.d>
is the IP address of the server.
Enables or disables auto-negotiation for the access point WAN port.
Defines the access point WAN port speed as either 10 Mbps or 100
Mbps.
Defines the access port WAN port duplex as either half or full.
Enables or disables PPPoE.
Sets PPPoE user name.
Defines the PPPoE password.
Enables or disables PPPoE keepalive.
Sets PPPoE idle time.
Sets PPPoE authentication type.
Example:
admin(network.wan)>
admin(network.wan)>set dhcp disable
admin(network.wan)>set ipadr 157.169.22.5
admin(network.wan)>set dgw 157.169.22.1
admin(network.wan)>set dns 1 157.169.22.2
admin(network.wan)>set auto-negotiation disable
admin(network.wan)>set speed 10M
admin(network.wan)>set duplex half
admin(network.wan)>set mask 255.255.255.000
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe mode enable
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe type chap
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe user jk
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe passwd @#$goodpassword%$#
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe ka enable
admin(network.wan)>set pppoe idle 600
For an overview of the WAN configuration options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WAN Settings on page 5-16.
8-42 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.2.1 Network WAN NAT Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wan.nat)>
Description:
Displays the NAT submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Displays the access point’s current NAT parameters for the specified index.
Defines the access point NAT settings.
Adds NAT entries.
Deletes NAT entries.
Lists NAT entries.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the NAT configuration options available using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings on page 5-22.
8-43
AP7131>admin(network.wan.nat)> show
Description:
Displays access point NAT parameters.
Syntax:
show
<idx> <cr>
Displays access point NAT parameters for the specified NAT index (1-8).
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>show 2
WAN IP Mode
: enable
WAN IP Address
: 157.235.91.2
NAT Type
: 1-to-many
Inbound Mappings
: Port Forwarding
unspecified port forwarding mode
: enable
unspecified port fwd. ip address
: 111.223.222.1
one to many nat mapping
------------------------------------------------------------------------------LAN No.
WAN IP
------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
157.235.91.2
2
157.235.91.2
admin(network.wan.nat)>
For an overview of the NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings on
page 5-22.
8-44 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.nat)> set
Description:
Sets NAT inbound and outbound parameters.
Syntax:
set type
<index>
<type>
ip
<index>
<ip>
inb
<index>
outb
<index>
<ip>
<mode>
<ip>
<from> <to>
Sets the type of NAT translation for WAN address index <idx> (1-8) to
<type> (none, 1-to-1, or 1-to-many).
Sets NAT IP mapping associated with WAN address <idx> to the
specified IP address <ip>.
Sets inbound IP address for specified index <index> <ip address>
Sets inbound mode for specified index <index> <enable/disable>
Sets outbound IP address for specified index <index> <ip address>
Sets outbound NAT destination <LAN1 or LAN2> <WAN ip 1-8 or None>.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>set type 2 1-to-many
admin(network.wan.nat)>set ip 2 10.1.1.1 (this command is used when NAT is 1-to-1)
admin(network.wan.nat)>show 2
WAN IP Mode
: enable
WAN IP Address
: 157.235.91.2
NAT Type
: 1-to-many
Inbound Mappings
: Port Forwarding
unspecified port forwarding mode
: enable
unspecified port fwd. ip address
: 111.223.222.1
one to many nat mapping
------------------------------------------------------------------------------LAN No.
WAN IP
------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
157.235.91.2
2
10.1.1.1
For an overview of the NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings on
page 5-22.
8-45
AP7131>admin(network.wan.nat)> add
Description:
Adds NAT entries.
Syntax:
add
<idx>
<name>
<tran>
<port1>
<port2>
<ip>
<dst_port>
Sets an inbound network address translation (NAT) for WAN address <idx>, where <name> is the name of the entry
(1 to 7 characters), <tran> is the transport protocol (one of tcp, udp, icmp, ah, esp, gre, or all), <port1> is the starting
port number in a port range, <port2> is the ending port number in a port range, <ip> is the internal IP address, and
<dst_port> is the (optional) internal translation port.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>add 1 indoors udp 20 29 10.10.2.2
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
Transport
start port
end port
internal ip
translation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
indoor
udp
20
29
10.10.2.2
0
Related Commands:
delete
list
Deletes one of the inbound NAT entries from the list.
Displays the list of inbound NAT entries.
For an overview of the NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings on
page 5-22.
8-46 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.nat)> delete
Description:
Deletes NAT entries.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
<idx>
<entry>
all
Deletes a specified NAT index entry <entry> associated with the WAN.
Deletes all NAT entries associated with the WAN.
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
Transport
start port
end port
internal ip
translation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
special tcp
20
21
192.168.42.16
21
admin(network.wan.nat)>delete 1 1
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
Transport
start port
end port
internal ip
translation
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Related Commands:
add
list
Adds entries to the list of inbound NAT entries.
Displays the list of inbound NAT entries.
For an overview of the NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings on
page 5-22.
8-47
AP7131>admin(network.wan.nat)> list
Description:
Lists access point NAT entries for the specified index.
Syntax:
list
<idx>
Lists the inbound NAT entries associated with the WAN index (1-8).
Example:
admin(network.wan.nat)>list 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
name
Transport
start port
end port
internal ip
translation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
special tcp
20
21
192.168.42.16
21
Related Commands:
delete
add
Deletes inbound NAT entries from the list.
Adds entries to the list of inbound NAT entries.
For an overview of the NAT options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Address Translation (NAT) Settings on
page 5-22.
8-48 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.2.2 Network WAN, VPN Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)>
Description:
Displays the VPN submenu. The items available under this command include:
add
set
delete
list
reset
stats
ikestate
..
/
save
quit
Adds VPN tunnel entries.
Sets key exchange parameters.
Deletes VPN tunnel entries.
Lists VPN tunnel entries
Resets all VPN tunnels.
Lists security association status for the VPN tunnels.
Displays an Internet Key Exchange (IKE) summary.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the VPN options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
8-49
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> add
Description:
Adds a VPN tunnel entry.
Syntax:
add <name>
<idx>
<LWanIP>
<RSubnetIP>
<RSubnetMask
<RGatewayIP>
Creates a tunnel <name> (1 to 13 characters) to gain access through local WAN IP <LWanIP> from the remote subnet
with address <RSubnetIP> and subnet mask <RSubnetMask> using the remote gateway <RGatewayIP>.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>add 2 SJSharkey 209.235.44.31 206.107.22.46
255.255.255.224 206.107.22.1
If tunnel type is Manual, proper SPI values and Keys must be configured after
adding the tunnel
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
8-50 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> set
Description:
Sets VPN entry parameters.
Syntax:
set type
<name>
<tunnel type>
Sets the tunnel type <name> to Auto or Manual
for the specified tunnel name.
authalgo
<name>
<authalgo>
Sets the authentication algorithm for <name> to
(None, MD5, or SHA1).
authkey
<name>
<dir> <authkey>
Sets the AH authentication key (if type is
Manual) for tunnel <name> with the direction set
to IN or OUT, and the manual authentication key
set to <authkey>. (The key size is 32 hex characters
for MD5, and 40 hex characters for SHA1).
esp-type
<name>
<esptype>
Sets the Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)
type. Options include None, ESP, or ESP-AUTH.
esp-encalgo <name>
<escalgo>
Sets the ESP encryption algorithm. Options include
DES, 3DES, AES128, AES192, or AES256).
esp-enckey <name>
<dir> <enckey>
Sets the Manual Encryption Key in ASCII for tunnel
<name> and direction IN or OUT to the key <enckey>. The size of the key depends on the
encryption algorithm.
- 16 hex characters for DES
- 48 hex characters for 3DES
- 32 hex characters for AES128
- 48 hex characters for AES192
- 64 hex characters for AES256
esp-authalgo <name>
<authalgo>
Sets the ESP authentication algorithm. Options
include MD5 or SHA1.
esp-authkey <name>
<dir> <authkey>
Sets ESP Authentication key <name> either for IN
or OUT direction to <auth-key>, an ASCII string of
hex characters. If authalgo is set to MD5, then
provide 32 hex characters. If authalgo is set to
SHA1, provide 40 hex characters.
spi
<name>
<algo> <dir>
usepfs
<name>
<mode>
<value>
Sets 6 character IN(bound) or OUT(bound) for
AUTH (Manual Authentication) or ESP for
<name> to <spi> (a hex value more than 0xFF)
<value>.
Enables or disables Perfect Forward Secrecy for
<name>.
8-51
salife
<name>
<lifetime>
Defines the name of the tunnnel <name> the
Security Association Life Time <300-65535>
applies to in seconds.
ike
opmode
<name>
<opmode>
Sets the Operation Mode of IKE for <name> to
Main or Aggr(essive).
myidtype
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Local ID type for IKE authentication for
<name> (1 to 13 characters) to <idtype> (IP, FQDN,
or UFQDN).
remidtype
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Remote ID type for IKE authentication for
<name> (1 to 13 characters) to <idtype> (IP, FQDN,
or UFQDN).
myiddata
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Local ID data for IKE authentication for
<name> to <idtype>. This value is not required
when the ID type is set to IP.
remiddata
<name>
<idtype>
Sets the Local ID data for IKE authentication for
<name> to <idtype>. This value is not required
when the ID type is set to IP.
authtype
<name>
<authtype>
Sets the IKE Authentication type for <name> to
<authtype> ( PSK or RSA).
authalgo
<name>
<authalgo>
Sets the IKE Authentication Algorithm for <name>
to MD5 or SHA1.
phrase
<name>
<phrase>
Sets the IKE Authentication passphrase for
<name> to <phrase>.
encalgo
<name>
<encalgo>
Sets the IKE Encryption Algorithm for <name> to
<encalgo> (one of DES, 3DES, AES128, AES192,
or AES256).
lifetime
<name>
<lifetime>
Sets the IKE Key life time in seconds for <name> to
<lifetime>.
group
<name>
<group>
Sets the IKE Diffie-Hellman Group for <name> to
either G768 or G1024.
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
8-52 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> delete
Description:
Deletes VPN tunnel entries.
Syntax:
delete
all
<name>
Deletes all VPN entries.
Deletes VPN entries <name>.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Type
Remote IP/Mask
Remote Gateway
Local WAN IP
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Manual
192.168.32.2/24
192.168.33.1
192.168.24.198
SJSharkey
Manual
206.107.22.45/27
206.107.22.2
209.235.12.55
admin(network.wan.vpn)>delete Eng2EngAnnex
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Type
Remote IP/Mask
Remote Gateway
Local WAN IP
-------------------------------------------------------------------------SJSharkey
Manual
206.107.22.45/27
206.107.22.2
209.235.12.55
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
8-53
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> list
Description:
Lists VPN tunnel entries.
Syntax:
list
<cr>
<name>
Lists all tunnel entries.
Lists detailed information about tunnel named <name>. Note that the <name> must match case with the name of
the VPN tunnel entry
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Type
Remote IP/Mask
Remote Gateway
Local WAN IP
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Manual
192.168.32.2/24
192.168.33.1
192.168.24.198
SJSharkey
Manual
206.107.22.45/27
206.107.22.2
209.235.12.55
admin(network.wan.vpn)>list SJSharkey
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Detail listing of VPN entry:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Name
: SJSharkey
Local Subnet
: 1
Tunnel Type
: Manual
Remote IP
: 206.107.22.45
Remote IP Mask
: 255.255.255.224
Remote Security Gateway
: 206.107.22.2
Local Security Gateway
: 209.239.160.55
AH Algorithm
: None
Encryption Type
: ESP
Encryption Algorithm
: DES
ESP Inbound SPI
: 0x00000100
ESP Outbound SPI
: 0x00000100
For information on displaying VPN information using the applet (GUI), see Viewing VPN Status on page 6-49.
8-54 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> reset
Description:
Resets all of the access point’s VPN tunnels.
Syntax:
reset
Resets all VPN tunnel states.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>reset
VPN tunnels reset.
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring VPN using the applet (GUI), see Configuring VPN Tunnels on page 6-35.
8-55
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> stats
Description:
Lists statistics for all active tunnels.
Syntax:
stats
Display statistics for all VPN tunnels.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>stats
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
Status
SPI(OUT/IN)
Life Time
Bytes(Tx/Rx)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Not Active
SJSharkey
Not Active
For information on displaying VPN information using the applet (GUI), see Viewing VPN Status on page 6-49.
8-56 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.vpn)> ikestate
Description:
Displays statistics for all active tunnels using Internet Key Exchange (IKE).
Syntax:
ikestate
Displays status about Internet Key Exchange (IKE) for all tunnels. In particular, the table indicates whether IKE is
connected for any of the tunnels, it provides the destination IP address, and the remaining lifetime of the IKE key.
Example:
admin(network.wan.vpn)>ikestate
---------------------------------------------------------------------Tunnel Name
IKE State
Dest IP
Remaining Life
---------------------------------------------------------------------Eng2EngAnnex
Not Connected
----
---
SJSharkey
Not Connected
----
---
admin(network.wan.vpn)>
For information on configuring IKE using the applet (GUI), see Configuring IKE Key Settings on page 6-46.
8-57
8.3.2.3 AP7131>admin(network.wan.content)>
Description:
Displays the Outbound Content Filtering menu. The items available under this command include:
addcmd
delcmd
list
..
/
save
quit
Adds control commands to block outbound traffic.
Deletes control commands to block outbound traffic.
Lists application control commands.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-58 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.content)> addcmd
Description:
Adds control commands to block outbound traffic.
Syntax:
addcmd
web
proxy
activex
file
smtp
helo
mail
rcpt
data
quit
send
saml
reset
vrfy
expn
ftp
put
get
ls
mkdir
cd
pasv
Adds WEB commands to block outbound traffic.
Adds a Web proxy command.
Adds activex files.
Adds Web URL extensions (10 files maximum)
Adds SMTP commands to block outbound traffic.
helo command
mail command
rcpt command
data command
quit command
send command
saml command
reset command
vrfy command
expn command
Adds FTP commands to block outbound traffic.
store command
retreive command
directory list command
create directory command
change directory command
passive mode command
Example:
admin(network.wan.content)>addcmd web proxy
admin(network.wan.content)>addcmd smtp data
admin(network.wan.content)>addcmd ftp put
8-59
AP7131>admin(network.wan.content)> delcmd
Description:
Deletes control commands to block outbound traffic.
Syntax:
delcmd
web
proxy
activex
file
smtp
helo
mail
rcpt
data
quit
send
saml
reset
vrfy
expn
ftp
put
get
ls
mkdir
cd
pasv
Deletes WEB commands to block outbound traffic.
Deletes a Web proxy command.
Deletes activex files.
Deletes Web URL extensions (10 files maximum)
Deletes SMTP commands to block outbound traffic.
helo command
mail command
rcpt command
data command
quit command
send command
saml command
reset command
vrfy command
expn command
Deletes FTP commands to block outbound traffic.
store command
retreive command
directory list command
create directory command
change directory command
passive mode command
Example:
admin(network.wan.content)>delcmd web proxy
admin(network.wan.content)>delcmd smtp data
admin(network.wan.content)>delcmd ftp put
8-60 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.content)> list
Description:
Lists application control commands.
Syntax:
list
web
smtp
ftp
Lists WEB application control record.
Lists SMTP application control record.
Lists FTP application control record.
Example:
admin(network.wan.content)>list web
HTTP Files/Commands
Web Proxy
: deny
ActiveX
: allow
filename
:
admin(network.wan.content)>list smtp
SMTP Commands
HELO
: deny
MAIL
: allow
RCPT
: allow
DATA
: deny
QUIT
: allow
SEND
: allow
SAML
: allow
RESET
: allow
VRFY
: allow
EXPN
: allow
admin(network.wan.content)>list ftp
FTP Commands
Storing Files
: deny
Retreiving Files
: allow
Directory Files
: allow
Create Directory
: allow
Change Directory
: allow
Passive Operation
: allow
8-61
8.3.2.4 Network WAN, Dynamic DNS Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wan.dyndns)>
Description:
Displays the Dynamic DNS submenu. The items available under this command include:
set
update
show
..
/
save
quit
Sets Dynamic DNS parameters.
Sets key exchange parameters.
Shows the Dynamic DNS configuration.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the Dynamic DNS options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Dynamic DNS on page 5-26.
8-62 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.dyndns)> set
Description:
Sets the access point’s Dynamic DNS configuration.
Syntax:
set
mode
username
password
hostname
enable/disable
<name>
<password>
<host>
Enables or disbales the Dynamic DNS service for the access point.
Enter a 1 - 32 character username for the account used for the access point.
Enter a 1 - 32 character password for the account used for the access point.
Enter a 1 - 32 character hostname for the account used for the access point.
Example:
admin(network.wan.dyndns)>set mode enable
admin(network.wan.dyndns)>set username percival
admin(network.wan.dyndns)>set password mudskipper
admin(network.wan.dyndns)>set host greengiant
For an overview of the Dynamic DNS options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Dynamic DNS on page 5-26.
8-63
AP7131>admin(network.wan.dyndns)> update
Description:
Updates the access point’s current WAN IP address with the DynDNS service.
Syntax:
update
Updates the access point’s current WAN IP address with the DynDNS service.
Example:
admin(network.wan.dyndns)>update
IP Address
: 157.235.91.231
Hostname
: greengiant
For an overview of the Dynamic DNS options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Dynamic DNS on page 5-26.
8-64 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wan.dyndns)> show
Description:
Shows the current Dynamic DNS configuration.
Syntax:
show
Shows the access point’s current Dynamic DNS configuration.
Example:
admin(network.wan.dyndns)>show
DynDNS Configuration
Mode
: enable
Username
: percival
Password
: ********
Hostname
: greengiant
DynDNS Update Response
IP Address
: 157.235.91.231
Hostname
: greengiant
Status
: OK
For an overview of the Dynamic DNS options available using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Dynamic DNS on page 5-26.
8-65
8.3.3 Network Wireless Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless)
Description:
Displays the access point wireless submenu. The items available under this command include:
wlan
security
Displays the WLAN submenu used to create and configure up to 16 WLANs per access point.
Displays the security submenu used to create encryption and authentication based security policies for use
with
access point WLANs.
acl
Displays to the Access Control List (ACL) submenu to restrict or allow MU access to access point WLANs.
radio
Displays the radio configuration submenu used to specify how the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g radio is used with
specific WLANs.
qos
Displays the Quality of Service (QoS) submenu to prioritize specific kinds of data traffic within a WLAN.
bandwidth
Displays the Bandwidth Management submenu used to configure the order data is processed by an access
point radio.
rogue-ap
Displays the Rogue-AP submenu to configure devices located by the access point as friendly or threatening
for interoperablity.
wips
Goes to the Wireless Intrusion Protection System (WIPS) submenu.
mu-locationing Displays the MU locationing submenu.
..
Goes to the parent menu.
/
Goes to the root menu.
save
Saves the configuration to system flash.
quit
Quits the CLI.
8-66 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.1 Network WLAN Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)>
Description:
Displays the access point wireless LAN (WLAN) submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
create
edit
delete
hotspot
..
/
save
quit
Displays the access point’s current WLAN configuration.
Defines the parameters of a new WLAN.
Modifies the properties of an existing WLAN.
Deletes an existing WLAN.
Displays the WLAN hotspot menu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For an overview of the Wireless configuration options available to the using the applet (GUI), see Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs)
on page 5-28.
8-67
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)> show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current WLAN configuration.
Syntax:
show
summary
wlan
<number>
Displays the current configuration for existing WLANs.
Displays the configuration for the requested WLAN (WLAN 1 through 16).
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan)>show summary
WLAN1
WLAN Name
: Lobby
ESSID
: 101
Radio
: 2,4 and 5.0 GHz
VLAN
: <none>
Security Policy
: Default
QoS Policy
: Default
admin(network.wireless.wlan)>show wlan 1
ESS Identifier
: 101
WLAN Name
: Lobby
802.11n (5.0 GHz) Radio
: available
802.11n (2.4 GHz) Radio
: not available
Client Bridge Mesh Backhaul
: available
Hotspot
: not available
Maximum MUs
: 127
MU Idle Timeout
: 30
Security Policy
: Default
MU Access Control
: Default
Kerberos User Name
:
Kerberos Password
: ********
disallow MU to MU Communication
: disable
Use Secure Beacon
: disable
answer Broadcast ESSID
: enable
QoS Policy
: Default
For information on displaying WLAN infromation using the applet (GUI), see Enabling Wireless LANs (WLANs) on page 5-28.
8-68 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)> create
Description:
Defines the parameters of a new WLAN.
Syntax:
create
show
set
wlan
ess
<number>
<essid>
wlan-name <name>
5.0GHz
<mode>
2.4Ghz
<mode>
mesh
<mode>
hotspot
<mode>
max-mu <number>
mu idle
timeout
security
acl
passwd
<minutes>
<name>
<name>
<ascii string>
no-mu-mu <mode>
sbeacon
bcast
<mode>
<mode>
qos
<name>
add-wlan
Displays newly created WLAN and policy number.
Defines the ESSID for a target WLAN.
Determines the name of this particlular WLAN (1-32).
Enables or disables access to the access point 5.0 GHz radio.
Enables or disables access to the access point 2.4 GHz radio.
Enables or disables the Client Bridge Mesh Backhaul option.
Enables or disables the Hotspot mode.
Defines the maximum number of MU able to operate within the WLAN
(default = 127 MUs).
Sets the interval the access point uses to timeout idle MUs from WLAN
inclusion. Set between 1 -65532 minutes. Default is 30 minutes.
Sets the security policy to the WLAN (1-32).
Sets the MU ACL policy to the WLAN (1-32).
Defines a Kerberos password used if the WLAN’s security policy uses a
Kerberos server-based authentication scheme.
Enables or disables MUs associated to the same WLAN to not
communicate with each other.
Enables or disables the AP from transmitting the ESSID in the beacon.
Enables or disables the access point from accepting broadcast IDs from
MUs. Broadcast IDs are transmitted without security.
The index name representing the QoS policy used with this WLAN.
Apply the changes to the modified WLAN and exit.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show wlan
ESS Identifier
:
WLAN Name
:
802.11n (5.0 GHz) Radio
: available
802.11n (2.4 GHz) Radio
: not available
Client Bridge Mesh Backhaul
: not available
Hotspot
: not available
Maximum MUs
: 127
MU Idle Timeout
: 30
Security Policy
: Default
MU Access Control
:
Kerberos User Name
: Default
Kerberos Password
: ********
disallow MU to MU
: disable
Use Secure Beacon
: disable
8-69
answer Broadcast ESSID
: disable
QoS Policy
: Default
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show security
---------------------------------------------------------------------Secu Policy Name
Authen
Encryption
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Manual
no encrypt
Front Lobby
2 WEP Demo
Manual
WEP 64
2nd Floor
3 Open
Manual
no encrypt
1st Floor
WPA Countermeasure
enable
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show acl
---------------------------------------------------------------------ACL Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Front Lobby
2 Admin
3rd Floor
3 Demo Room
5th Floor
admin(network.wireless.wlan.create)>show qos
---------------------------------------------------------------------QOS Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Front Lobby
2 Voice
Audio Dept
3 Video
Video Dept
The CLI treats the following as invalid characters, thus they should not be used in the creation of an ESSID (or other):
'
"
\
&
$
^
*
+
?
[
(
{ | , < >
For information on creating a WLAN using the applet (GUI), see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
8-70 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)> edit
Description:
Edits the properties of an existing WLAN policy.
Syntax:
edit
<index>
show
set
change
..
Edits the properties of an existing (and specified) WLAN policy (1 -16).
Displays the WLANs pamaters and summary.
Edits the same WLAN parameters that can be modified using the create command.
Completes the WLAN edits and exits the CLI session.
Cancel the WLAN edits and exit the CLI session.
For information on editing a WLAN using the applet (GUI), see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
8-71
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan)> delete
Description:
Deletes an existing WLAN.
Syntax:
delete
<wlan-name> Deletes a target WLAN using the name supplied.
all
Deletes all WLANs defined (except default WLAN).
For information on deleting a WLAN using the applet (GUI), see Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
8-72 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot)>
Description:
Displays the Hotspot submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
redirection
radius
white-list
save
quit
..
/
Show hotspot parameters.
Goes to the hotspot redirection menu.
Goes to the hotspot Radius menu.
Goes to the hotspot white-list menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring the Hotspot options available to the using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WLAN Hotspot Support on
page 5-47.
8-73
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot)> show
Description:
Displays the current access point Rogue AP detection configuration.
Syntax:
show
hotspot
<idx>
Shows hotspot parameters per wlan index (1-16).
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot)>show hotspot 1
WLAN1
Hotspot Mode
: enable
Hotspot Page Location
: default
External Login URL
: www.sjsharkey.com
External Welcome URL
:
External Fail URL
:
Primary Server Ip adr
:157.235.21.21
Primary Server Port
:1812
Primary Server Secret
:******
Secondary Server Ip adr
:157.235.32.12
Secondary Server Port
:1812
Secondary Server Secret
:******
Accounting Mode
:disable
Accounting Server Ip adr
:0.0.0.0
Accounting Server Port
:1813
Accounting Server Secret
:********
Accoutning Timeout
:10
Accoutning Retry-count
:3
Session Timeout Mode
:enable
Session Timeout
:15
Whitelist Rules?
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Idx
IP Address
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
157.235.121.12
For information on configuring the Hotspot options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WLAN
Hotspot Support on page 5-47.
8-74 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot)> redirection
Description:
Goes to the hotspot redirection menu.
Syntax:
redirection set
show
save
quit
..
/
<page-loc> Sets the hotspot http-re-direction by index (1-16) for the specified URL.
<exturl>
Shows hotspot http-redirection details for specifiec index (1-16) for specified
page (login, welcome, fail) and target URL..
Shows hotspot http-redirection details.
Saves the updated hotspot configuration to flash memory.
Quits the CLI session.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.redirection)>set page-loc 1 www.sjsharkey.com
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.redirection)>set exturl 1 fail
www.sjsharkey.com
For information on configuring the hotspot options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WLAN Hotspot
Support on page 5-47.
8-75
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot)> radius
Description:
Goes to the hotspot Radius menu.
Syntax:
set
show
save
quit
..
/
Sets the Radius hotspot configuration.
Shows Radius hotspot server details.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring the Hotspot options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WLAN
Hotspot Support on page 5-47.
8-76 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)> set
Description:
Sets the Radius hotspot configuration.
Syntax:
set
server
port
secret
acct-mode
<idx>
<idx>
<idx>
<idx>
<srvr_type> <ipadr>
<srvr_type> <port>
<srvr_type> <secret>
<mode>
acct-server
<idx>
<ipadr>
acct-port
<idx>
<port>
acct-secret
<idx>
<secret>
acct-timeout
<idx>
<timeout>
acct-retry
<idx>
<retry_count>
sess-mode
<idx>
<mode>
sess-timeout
<idx>
<timeout>
Sets the Radius hotpost server IP address per wlan index (1-16)
Sets the Radius hotpost server port per wlan index (1-16)
Sets the Radius hotspot server shared secret password.
Sets the Radius hotspot server accounting mode
(enable/disable)
Sets the Radius hotspot accounting server IP address per wlan
index (1-16).
Sets the Radius hotspot accounting server port per wlan index
(1-16).
Sets the Radius hotspot server shared secret password per wlan
index (1-16).
Sets the Radius hotspot server accounting timeout period in
seconds (1-25).
Sets the Radius hotspot server accounting accounting retry
interval (1-10).
Enables or disbales the use of a hotspot timeout interval for the
specified wlan index (1-16).
Sets the Radius hotspot server timeout interval for the specified
index (1-16) between 15 - 180 minutes.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set server 1 primary 157.235.121.1
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set port 1 primary 1812
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set secret 1 primary sjsharkey
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set acct-mode 1 enable
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set acct-server 1 157.235.14.14
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set acct-port 1 1812
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set acct-secret 1 londonfog
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set acct-timeout 1 25
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set acct-retry 1 10
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set sess-mode 1 enable
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>set sess-timeout 1 15
For information on configuring the Hotspot options available to the access ointusing the applet (GUI), see Configuring WLAN Hotspot
Support on page 5-47.
8-77
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)> show
Description:
Shows Radius hotspot server details.
Syntax:
show
radius
<idx>
Displays Radius hotspot server details per index (1-16)
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>show radius 1
WLAN 1
Hotspot Mode
: enable
Primary Server Ip adr
: 157.235.12.12
Primary Server Port
: 1812
Primary Server Secret
: ******
Secondary Server Ip adr
: 0.0.0.0
Secondary Server Port
: 1812
Accounting Mode
: enable
Accounting Server Ip adr
: 157.235.15.16
Accounting Server Port
: 1813
Accounting Server Secret
: ******
Accounting Timeout
: 10
Accounting Retry-count
: 3
Session Timeout Mode
: enable
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.radius)>
For information on configuring the Hotspot options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WLAN
Hotspot Support on page 5-47.
8-78 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot)> white-list
Description:
Goes to the hotspot white-list menu.
Syntax:
white-list add
clear
show
save
quit
..
/
<rule>
Adds hotspot whitelist rules by index (1-16) for specified IP address.
Clears hotspot whitelist rules for specified index (1-16).
Shows hotspot whitelist rules for specified index (1-16).
Saves the updated hotspot configuration to flash memory.
Quits the CLI session.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.whitelist)>add rule 1 157.235.21.21
admin(network.wireless.wlan.hotspot.whitelist)>show white-rule 1
WLAN 1
Hotspot Mode
WhiteList Rules
disable
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Idx
IP Address
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
157.235.21.21
For information on configuring the Hotspot options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring WLAN
Hotspot Support on page 5-47.
8-79
8.3.3.2 Network Security Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.security)>
Description:
Displays the access point wireless security submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
create
edit
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the access point’s current security configuration.
Enables/disables the WPA countermeasure.
Creates a security policy.
Edits the properties of an existing security policy.
Removes a specific security policy.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For information on the security configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Security
Options on page 6-2.
8-80 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.security)>show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current security configuration.
Syntax:
show
summary
policy
<id>
Displays list of existing security policies (1-16).
Displays the specified security policy <id>.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.security)>show summary
---------------------------------------------------------------------Secu Policy Name
Authen
Encryption
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Manual
no encrypt
Lobby
2 WEP Demo
Manual
WEP 64
2nd Floor
3 Open
Manual
no encrypt
1st Floor
WPA Countermeasure
enable
admin(network.wireless.security)>show policy 1
Policy Name
: Default
Authentication
: Manual Pre-shared key/No Authentication
Encryption type
: no encryption
Related Commands:
create
Defines security parameters for the specified WLAN.
For information displaying existing WLAN security settings using the applet (GUI), see Enabling Authentication and Encryption
Schemes on page 6-5.
8-81
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.security)>set
Description:
Enables/disables the WPA countermeasure.
Syntax:
set
<mode>
Enables/disables WPA countermeasures.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.security)set wpa-countermeasure enable
admin(network.wireless.security)>show summary
---------------------------------------------------------------------Secu Policy Name
Authen
Encryption
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Manual
no encrypt
Lobby
2 WEP Demo
Manual
WEP 64
2nd Floor
3 Open
Manual
no encrypt
1st Floor
WPA Countermeasure
enable
Related Commands:
create
Creates security parameters for the specified WLAN.
For information displaying existing WLAN security settings using the applet (GUI), see Enabling Authentication and Encryption
Schemes on page 6-5.
8-82 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.security)>create
Description:
Defines the parameter of access point security policies.
Syntax:
create
Defines the parameters of a security policy.
show
set
Displays new or existing security policy
parameters.
sec-name <name>
Sets the name of the security policy.
auth
Sets the authentication type for WLAN <idx> to
<type> (none, eap, or kerberos).
<authtype>
Note: Kerberos parameters are only in affect if
"kerberos" is specified for the authentication
method (set auth <type>).
kerb
realm
<name>
Sets the Kerberos realm.
server
<sidx>
<ip>
Sets the Kerberos server <sidx> (1-primary, 2backup, or 3-remote) to KDC IP address.
port
<sidx>
<port>
Sets the Kerberos port to <port> (KDC port) for
server <ksidx> (1-primary, 2-backup, or 3-remote).
Note: EAP parameters are only in affect if "eap"
is specified for the authentication method (set
auth <type>).
eap
server
<sidx>
<ip>
Sets the radius server (1-primary or as 2secondary) IP address <ip>.
port
<sidx>
<port>
Sets the radius server <sidx> (1-primary or 2secondary) <port> (1-65535).
8-83
secret
reauth
accounting
adv
<sidx>
<secret>
Sets the EAP shared secret <secret> (1-63
characters) for server <sidx> (1-primary or 2secondary).
The default password is now “motorola” instead
of “symbol.” Be cognizant of this when importing
a configuration from the 1.1 baseline, as this
shared secret will have to be changed to
motorola (after the import) to avoid MU
authentication failures. This change can only be
made using the access point CLI.
Enables or disables EAP reauthentication.
mode
<mode>
period
<time>
Sets the reauthentication period <period> in
seconds (30-9999).
retry
<number>
Sets the maximum number of reauthentication
retries <retry> (1-99).
mode
<mode>
Enable or disable Radius accounting.
server
port
secret
<ip>
<port>
<secret>
timeout
<period>
Set external Radius server IP address.
Set external Radius server port number.
Set external Radius server shared secret
password.
Defines MU timout period in seconds (1-255).
retry
<number>
Sets the maximum number of MU retries to
<retry> (1-10).
syslog
<mode>
Enable or disable syslog messages.
ip
<ip>
Defines syslog server IP address.
mu-quiet
<time>
Set the EAP MU/supplicant quiet period to
<time> seconds (1-65535).
mu-timeout
<timeout>
Sets the EAP MU/supplicant timeout in seconds
(1-255).
mu-tx
<time>
Sets the EAP MU/supplicant TX period <time> in
seconds (1-65535).
8-84 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
mu-retry
<count>
Sets the EAP maximum number of MU retries to
<count> (1-10).
svr-timeout
<time>
Sets the server timeout <time> in seconds (1255).
svr-retry
<count>
Sets the maximum number of server retries to
<count> (1-255).
Note: The WEP authentication mechanism saves
up to four different keys (one for each WLAN). It
is not requirement to set all keys, but you must
associate a WLAN with the same keys.
enc
<idx>
<type>
Sets the encryption type to <type> (one of none,
wep40, wep104, keyguard, tkip, or ccmp) for
WLAN <idx>.
<passkey>
The passkey used as a text abbreviation for the
entire key length (4-32).
index
<key index>
Selects the WEP/KeyGuard key (from one of the
four potential values of <key index> (1-4).
hex-key
<kidx>
<key string>
Sets the WEP/KeyGuard key for key index <kidx>
(1-4) for WLAN <kidx> to <key string>.
ascii-key
<kidx>
<key string>
Sets the WEP/KeyGuard key for key index <kidx>
(1-4) for WLAN <kidx> to <key string>.
weppasskey
keyguard
tkip
mixed-mode <mode>
Enables or disables interoperation with WEP128
clients.
Note: TKIP parameters are only affected if "tkip"
is selected as the encryption type.
rotate-mode <mode>
Enables or disabled the broadcast key.
interval
Sets the broadcast key rotation interval to <time>
in seconds (300-604800).
<time>
allow-wpa2- <mode>
tkip
preauth
<mode>
Enables or disables the interoperation with
wpa2-tkip clients.
Enables or disables preauthentication (fast
roaming).
8-85
ccmp
!
type
<key type>
Sets the TKIP key type.
key
<256 bit key>
Sets the TKIP key to <256 bit key>.
phrase
<ascii phrase>
Sets the TKIP ASCII pass phrase to <ascii phrase>
(8-63 characters).
rotate-mode <mode>
Enables or disabled the broadcast key.
interval
<time>
Sets the broadcast key rotation interval to <time>
in seconds (300-604800).
type
<key type>
Sets the CCMP key type.
phrase
<ascii phrase>
Sets the CCMP ASCII pass phrase to <ascii
phrase> (8-63 characters).
key
<256 bit key>
Sets the CCMP key to <256 bit key>.
mixed-mode <mode>
Enables or disables mixed mode (allowing WPATKIP clients).
preauth
Enables or disables preauthentication (fast
roaming).
<mode>
add-policy
Adds the policy and exits.
..
Disregards the policy creation and exits the CLI
session.
CAUTION If importing a 1.1 (or earlier) baseline configuration, the 802.1x EAP Radius shared secret password
will remain “symbol,” instead of “motorola” (as now required). If the shared secret password is not
changed to “motorola” there will be a shared secret mis-match, resulting in MU authentication
failures. The password cannot be set using the access point Web UI, and must be changed using the
access point CLI.
For information on configuring the encryption and authentication options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Security Options on page 6-2.
8-86 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.security.edit)>
Description:
Edits the properties of a specific security policy.
Syntax:
show
set
Displays the new or modified security policy parameters.
<index> Edits security policy parameters. The values subject to modification, are the same ones created
using the AP7131>admin(network.wireless.security)>create command.
change
Completes policy changes and exits the session.
..
Cancels the changes made and exits the session.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.security)>edit 1
admin(network.wireless.security.edit)>show
Policy Name
: Default
Authentication
: Manual Pre-shared key/No Authentication
Encryption type
: no encryption
For information on configuring the encryption and authentication options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Security Options on page 6-2.
8-87
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.security)> delete
Description:
Deletes a specific security policy.
Syntax:
delete
<sec-name> Removes the specified security policy from the list of supported policies.
<all>
Removes all security policies except the default policy.
For information on configuring the encryption and authentication options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Security Options on page 6-2.
8-88 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.3 Network ACL Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.acl)>
Description:
Displays the access point Mobile Unit Access Control List (ACL) submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
create
edit
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the access point’s current ACL configuration.
Creates an MU ACL policy.
Edits the properties of an existing MU ACL policy.
Removes an MU ACL policy.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-89
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.acl)> show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current ACL configuration.
Syntax:
show
summary
policy
<index>
Displays the list of existing MU ACL policies.
Displays the requested MU ACL index policy.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.acl)>show summary
---------------------------------------------------------------------ACL Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
Front Lobby, WLAN1
2 Admin
Administration
3 Demo Room
Customers
admin(network.wireless.acl)>show policy 1
Policy Name
: Default
Policy Mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start mac
end mac
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00A0F8348787
00A0F8348798
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-38.
8-90 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.acl)> create
Description:
Creates an MU ACL policy.
Syntax:
create
show
set
add-addr
delete
add-policy
..
acl-name
mode
<acl-name> Displays the parameters of a new ACL policy.
<index>
Sets the MU ACL policy name.
<acl-mode> Sets the ACL mode for the defined index (1-16). Allowed MUs can access
the access point managed LAN. Options are deny and allow.
Adds specified MAC address to list of ACL MAC addresses.
<mac1> or
<mac1> <mac2>
<index>
<all>
Removes either a specified ACL index or all ACL entries.
Completes the policy creation and exits the CLI.
Cancels the creation of the ACL and exits the CLI.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>show
Policy Name
: Front Lobby
Policy Mode
: allow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start mac
end mac
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
2
00A0F8334455
00A0F8400000
00A0F8334455
00A0F8402001
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>set acl-name engineering
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>set mode deny
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>add-addr 00A0F843AABB
admin(network.wireless.acl.create)>add-policy
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-38.
8-91
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.acl.edit)>
Description:
Edits the properties of an existing MU ACL policy.
Syntax:
show
set
add-addr
delete
change
..
Displays MU ACL policy and its parameters.
Modifies the properties of an existing MU ACL policy.
Adds an MU ACL table entry.
Deletes an MU ACL table entry, including starting and ending MAC address ranges.
Completes the changes made and exits the session.
Cancels the changes made and exits the session.
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-38.
8-92 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.acl)> delete
Description:
Removes an MU ACL policy.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
all
Deletes a partilcular MU ACL policy index.
Deletes all MU ACL policies.
For information on configuring the ACL options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a WLAN Access
Control List (ACL) on page 5-38.
8-93
8.3.3.4 Network Radio Configuration Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio)>
Description:
Displays the access point Radio submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
radio1
radio2
..
/
save
quit
Summarizes access point radio parameters at a high-level.
Defines the access point radio configuration.
Displays the 2.4 GHz radio submenu.
Displays the 5.0 GHz radio submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-94 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio)> show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current radio configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the access point’s current radio configuration.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio)>show
Radio Configuration
Radio 1
Name
: Radio 1
Radio Mode
: enable
RF Band of Operation
: 802.11n(2.4 GHz)
Wireless AP Configuration:
Base Bridge Mode
: enable
Max Wireless AP Clients
: 6
Client Bridge Mode
: disable
Clitn Bridge WLAN
: WLAN1
Mesh Connection Timeout
: enable
Radio 2
Name
: Radio 2
Radio Mode
: enable
Radio Function
: WLAN
RF Band of Operation
: 802.11n(5 GHz)
Wireless Mesh Configuration:
Base Bridge Mode
: enable
Max Wireless AP Clients
: 5
Client Bridge Mode
: disable
Roaming Client Bridge Mode
: enable
Client Bridge WLAN
: WLAN1
Dot11 Auth Algorithm
: open-system-only
For information on configuring the Radio Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Setting the
WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-53.
8-95
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio)> set
Description:
Enables an access point Radio and defines the RF band of operation.
Syntax:
set 11a
11bg
mesh-base
mesh-max
mesh-client
mesh-roaming-client
mesh-wlan
dot11-auth
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
Enables or disables the access point’s 5.0 GHz radio.
Enables or disables the access point’s 2.4 GHz radio.
Enables or disables base bridge mode.
Sets the maximum number of wireless bridge clients.
<mode>
Enables or Disables client bridge mode.
<mode>
Enables or disables the mesh roaming client mode. For information on the Mesh
Roaming Client feature, see Mesh Roaming Client on page 1-4.
<name>
Defines the client bridge WLAN name.
<auth-algorithm> Defines dot11 level authentication algorithm to either open-system-only ot
shared-key-allowed.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set 11a enable
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set 11bg enable
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set mesh-base 1 enable
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set mesh-max 1 11
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set mesh-client 1 disable
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set mesh-roaming-client 1 enable
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set mesh-wlan wlan1
admin(network.wireless.radio)>set dot11-auth shared-key-allowed
admin(network.wireless.radio)>show
Radio Configuration
Radio 1
Name
: Radio 1
Radio Mode
: enable
Radio Function
: WLAN
RF Band of Operation
: 802.11n(5 GHz)
Wireless AP Configuration:
Base Bridge Mode
: enable
Max Wireless AP Clients
: 11
Client Bridge Mode
: disable
Clitn Bridge WLAN
: WLAN1
Mesh Connection Timeout
: 45 sec.
Dot11 Auth Algorithm
: shared-key-allowed
For information on the options available to the access point, see Setting the WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-53.
8-96 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>
Description:
Displays a specific 802.11n 2.4 GHz radio 1 submenu. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
advanced
mesh
..
/
save
quit
Displays 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio settings.
Defines specific 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio parameters.
Displays the Adavanced radio settings submenu.
Goes to the Wireless AP Connections submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For information on configuring Radio 1 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Setting the
WLAN’s Radio Configuration on page 5-53.
8-97
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>show
Description:
Displays specific 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio settings.
Syntax:
show
radio
rates
aggr
qos
Displays specific 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio settings.
Displays specific 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio rate settings.
Displays specific 802.11n (2.4 GHz) aggregation settings.
Displays specific 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio WMM QoS settings.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>show radio
Radio Setting Information
Placement
: indoor
MAC Address
: 00A0F8715920
Radio Type
: 802.11n (2.4 GHz)
ERP Protection
: Off
HT Protection Mode
: Pure HT
Channel Setting
: user selection
Power Level
: 5 dbm (4 mW)
802.11 rate compatibility mode
: B, G, and N
Beacon Interval
: 100 K-usec
DTIM Interval
: 10 beacon intvls
short preamble
: disable
RTS Threshold
: 2341 bytes
QBSS Channel Util Beacon Intervl
: 10 beacon intvls
QBSS Load Element Mode
: enable
8-98 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>show rates
Basic Rates
1 2 5.5 11
Supported Rates
1 2 5.5 6 9 11 12 18 24 36 48 54
Short Guard Interval
disable
----------------------------------------------------------------------------MCS Index
Basic/Supported
20 MHz Rate
40 MHz Rate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------0
Supported
6.5 Mbps
13.5 Mbps
1
Supported
13.0 Mbps
27.0 Mbps
2
Supported
19.5 Mbps
40.5 Mbps
3
Supported
26.0 Mbps
54.0 Mbps
4
Supported
39.0 Mbps
81.0 Mbps
5
Supported
52.0 Mbps
108.0 Mbps
6
Supported
58.5 Mbps
121.5 Mbps
7
Supported
65.0 Mbps
135.0 Mbps
8
Supported
13.0 Mbps
27.0 Mbps
9
Supported
26.0 Mbps
54.0 Mbps
10
Supported
39.0 Mbps
81.0 Mbps
11
Supported
52.0 Mbps
108.0 Mbps
12
Supported
78.0 Mbps
162.0 Mbps
13
Supported
104.0 Mbps
216.0 Mbps
14
Supported
117.0 Mbps
243.0 Mbps
15
Supported
130.0 Mbps
270.0 Mbps
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>show aggr
Radio Aggregation Settings
Receive A-MSDU Buffer Limit
:3839 bytes
Enable Transmit A-MPDU
:enable
Transmit A-MPDU Size Limit
:65536 bytes
Receive A-MPDU Size Limit
:65536 bytes
Receive A-MPDU Minimum Spacing
:0 usec
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>
8-99
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>show qos
Radio QOS Parameter Set
11n-default
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Access Category
CWMin
CWMax
AIFSN
TXOPs (32 usec) TXOPs ms
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
!
Background
15
1023
7
0
0.000
Best Effort
15
63
3
31
0.992
Video
7
15
1
94
3.008
Voice
3
7
1
47
1.504
CAUTION If you do NOT include the index number (for example, "set dtim 50"), the DTIMs for all four BSSIDs will
be changed to 50. To change individual DTIMs for BSSIDs, specify the BSS Index number (for example,
"set dtim 2 50). This will change the DTIM for BSSID 2 to 50.
For information on configuring the Radio 1 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring
a WLAN Access Control List (ACL) on page 5-38.
8-100 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])> set
Description:
Defines specific 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio parameters.
Syntax:
set placement
ch-mode
channel
power
rf-mode
Defines the access point radio placement as indoors or outdoors.
Determines how the radio channel is selected (user, auto-20 or auto-40).
Defines the radio channel used. Channel allowed depends on actual country of operation.
Defines the antenna power transmit level. Depends on radio type, channel and country.
Sets the default rates for the 802.11 mode selected (b-only, g-only, n-only, b-and-g, or
bg-and-n).
rates
Sets the supported radio transmit rates.
beacon
Sets the beacon interval used by the radio.
dtim
Defines the DTIM interval (by index) used by the radio.
aggr
Sets the radio’s aggregation.
shortgi
Enables/disables a short guard interval of 40MHz.
single-antenna Enables/disables single antenna support. Enable (default setting) to decrease sensitivity and device retries.
preamble
Enables/disables short preamble support for the radio (this is 2.4 GHz radio specific).
rts
Defines the RTS Threshold value for the radio.
range
Sets the radio’s extended range (in miles 0-50).
qos
Defines the cwmin, cwmax, aifsn and txops levels for the QoS policy used for the radio.
qbss-beacon Sets the QBSS Channel Util Beacon Interval in kilo-usec (10 - 200).
qbss-mode
Enables/disables the QBSS load element.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set placement indoor
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set ch-mode user
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set channel 11
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set power 4
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set rf-mode b-only
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set rates
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set beacon 100
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set dtim 1 40
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set aggr ampdu enable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set shortgi disable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set single-antenna disable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set preamble disable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set rts 2341
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set qos cwmin 125
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set qos cwmax 255
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set qos aifsn 7
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set qos txops 0
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set qbss-beacon 110
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set qbss-mode enable
For information on configuring the Radio 1 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
8-101
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].advanced)>
Description:
Displays the advanced submenu for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays advanced radio settings for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Defines advanced parameters for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-102 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].advanced)> show
Description:
Displays the BSSID to WLAN mapping for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
show
advanced
wlan
Displays advanced settings for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Displays WLAN summary list for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].advanced)>show advanced
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WLAN
BSS ID
BC/MC Cipher
Status
Message
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Lobby
1
Open
good
configuration is ok
HR
2
Open
good
configuration is ok
Office
3
Open
good
configuration is ok
----------------------------------------------------------------------------BSSID
Primary WLAN
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Lobby
2
HR
3
Office
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].advanced)>show wlan
WLAN 1:
WLAN name
: WLAN1
ESS ID
: 101
Radio Band(s)
: 2.4 and 5.0 GHz
VLAN
: <none>
Security Policy
: Default
QoS Policy
: Default
For information on configuring Radio 1 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
8-103
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].advanced)> set
Description:
Defines advanced parameters for the target 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
set wlan
bss
<wlan-name> <bssid>
<bss-id>
<wlan name>
Defines advanced WLAN to BSSID mapping for the target radio.
Sets the BSSID to primary WLAN definition.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].advanced)>set wlan demoroom 1
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].advanced)>set bss 1 demoroom
For information on configuring Radio 1 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
8-104 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>
Description:
Displays the mesh configuration submenu for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
add
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays mesh settings and status for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Defines mesh parameters for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Adds a 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio mesh connection.
Deletes a 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio mesh connection.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-105
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)> show
Description:
Displays mesh settings and status for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
show
config
status
Displays the connection list configuration.
Shows the available mesh connection status.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>show config
Mesh Connection Auto Select
: enable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>show status
----------------------------------------------------------------------------idx
AP MAC Address
Channel
Signal (dBm)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>
8-106 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)> set
Description:
Defines mesh parameters for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
set
<mode>
Defines mesh parameters for the 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio..
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>set auto-select enable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>show config
Mesh Connection Auto Select
: enable
8-107
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)> add
Description:
Adds a 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio mesh connection.
Syntax:
add
<priority>
<mac>
Defines the connection priority (1-16).
Sets the access point MAC address.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>add 2 AA21DCDD12DE
8-108 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)> delete
Description:
Deletes a 802.11n (2.4 GHz) radio mesh connection by specified index or by removing all entries.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
<all>
Deletes a mesh connection by specified index (1-16).
Removes all mesh connections.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz].mesh)>delete 2
8-109
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>
Description:
Displays a specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio 2 submenu. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
advanced
mesh
..
/
save
quit
Displays 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio settings
Defines specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio parameters.
Displays the Advanced radio settings submenu.
Goes to the Mesh Connections submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-110 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])> show
Description:
Displays specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio settings.
Syntax:
show
radio
rates
aggr
qos
Displays specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio settings.
Displays specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio rate settings.
Displays specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) aggregation settings.
Displays specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio WMM QoS settings.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>show radio
Radio Setting Information
Placement
: indoor
MAC Address
: 00A0F8715920
Radio Type
: 802.11n (5.0 GHz)
HT Protection Mode
: Pure HT
Channel Setting
: uniform spreading
Power Level
: 20 dbm (100 mW)
802.11 rate compatibility mode
: A and N
Beacon Interval
: 100 K-usec
DTIM Interval
: 10 beacon intvls
RTS Threshold
: 2341 bytes
QBSS Channel Util Beacon Intervl
: 10 beacon intvls
QBSS Load Element Mode
: enable
8-111
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>show rates
Basic Rates
6 12 24
Supported Rates
6 9 12 18 24 36 48 54
Short Guard Interval
disable
----------------------------------------------------------------------------MCS Index
Basic/Supported
20 MHz Rate
40 MHz Rate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------0
Supported
6.5 Mbps
13.5 Mbps
1
Supported
13.0 Mbps
27.0 Mbps
2
Supported
19.5 Mbps
40.5 Mbps
3
Supported
26.0 Mbps
54.0 Mbps
4
Supported
39.0 Mbps
81.0 Mbps
5
Supported
52.0 Mbps
108.0 Mbps
6
Supported
58.5 Mbps
121.5 Mbps
7
Supported
65.0 Mbps
135.0 Mbps
8
Supported
13.0 Mbps
27.0 Mbps
9
Supported
26.0 Mbps
54.0 Mbps
10
Supported
39.0 Mbps
81.0 Mbps
11
Supported
52.0 Mbps
108.0 Mbps
12
Supported
78.0 Mbps
162.0 Mbps
13
Supported
104.0 Mbps
216.0 Mbps
14
Supported
117.0 Mbps
243.0 Mbps
15
Supported
130.0 Mbps
270.0 Mbps
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>show aggr
Radio Aggregation Settings
Receive A-MSDU Buffer Limit
:3839 bytes
Enable Transmit A-MPDU
:enable
Transmit A-MPDU Size Limit
:65536 bytes
Receive A-MPDU Size Limit
:65536 bytes
Receive A-MPDU Minimum Spacing
:0 usec
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>
8-112 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>show qos
Radio QOS Parameter Set
11n-default
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Access Category
CWMin
CWMax
AIFSN
TXOPs (32 usec) TXOPs ms
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Background
15
1023
7
0
0.000
Best Effort
15
63
3
31
0.992
Video
7
15
1
94
3.008
Voice
3
7
1
47
1.504
For information on configuring the Radio 2 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring
a WLAN Access Control List (ACL) on page 5-38.
8-113
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])> set
Description:
Defines specific 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio parameters.
Syntax:
set placement
ch-mode
channel
power
rf-mode
rates
beacon
dtim
aggr
shortgi
single-antenna
rts
range
qos
qbss-beacon
qbss-mode
Defines the access point radio placement as indoors or outdoors.
Determines how the radio channel is selected.
Defines the actual channel used by the radio. Channel allowed depends on actual country of operation.
Defines the antenna power transmit level. Depends on radio type, channel and country.
Sets the default rates for the 802.11 mode selected (a-only, n-only, or a-and-n).
Sets the supported radio transmit rates.
Sets the beacon interval used by the radio.
Defines the DTIM interval (by index) used by the radio.
Sets the radio’s aggregation.
Enables/disables a short guard interval of 40MHz.
Enables/disables single antenna support. Enable (default setting) to decrease sensitivity and device retries.
Defines the RTS Threshold value for the radio.
Sets the radio’s extended range (in miles 0-50).
Defines the param-set, cwmin, cwmax, aifsn and txops levels for the QoS policy used for the 5.0 GHz radio.
Sets the QBSS Channel Util Beacon Interval in kilo-usec (10 - 200).
Enables/disables the QBSS load element.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set placement indoor
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set ch-mode auto-40
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set channel 11
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set power 4
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set rates 10
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set beacon 100
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set dtim 1 10
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set aggr ampdu enable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set shortgi disable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[2.4 GHz])>set single-antenna disable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set rts 2341
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set range 40
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set qbss-beacon 110
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz])>set qbss-mode enable
For information on configuring the Radio 2 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
8-114 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].advanced)>
Description:
Displays the advanced submenu for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays advanced radio settings for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Defines advanced parameters for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-115
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].advanced)> show
Description:
Displays the BSSID to WLAN mapping for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
show
advanced
wlan
Displays advanced settings for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Displays WLAN summary list for 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].advanced)>show advanced
----------------------------------------------------------------------------WLAN
BSS ID
BC/MC Cipher
Status
Message
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Lobby
1
Open
good
configuration is ok
HR
2
Open
good
configuration is ok
Office
3
Open
good
configuration is ok
----------------------------------------------------------------------------BSSID
Primary WLAN
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Lobby
2
HR
3
Office
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].advanced)>show wlan
WLAN 1:
WLAN name
: WLAN1
ESS ID
: 101
Radio
: 2.4 and 5.0 GHz
VLAN
: <none>
Security Policy
: Default
QoS Policy
: Default
For information on configuring the Radio 2 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring the 802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
8-116 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].advanced)> set
Description:
Defines advanced parameters for the target 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
set wlan
bss
<wlan-name> <bssid>
<bss-id>
<wlan name>
Defines advanced WLAN to BSSID mapping for the target 5.0 GHz radio.
Sets the BSSID to primary WLAN definition.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].advanced)>set wlan demoroom 1
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].advanced)>set bss 1 demoroom
For information on configuring Radio 2 Configuration options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57.
8-117
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>
Description:
Displays the mesh configuration submenu for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio. The items available under this command include:
Syntax:
show
set
add
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays mesh settings and status for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Defines mesh parameters for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Adds a 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio mesh connection.
Deletes a 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio mesh connection.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-118 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)> show
Description:
Displays mesh settings and status for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
show
config
status
Displays the connection list configuration.
Shows the available mesh connection status.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>show config
Mesh Connection Auto Select
: enable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>show status
----------------------------------------------------------------------------idx
AP MAC Address
Channel
Signal (dBm)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>
8-119
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)> set
Description:
Defines mesh parameters for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Syntax:
set
<mode>
Defines mesh parameters for the 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>set auto-select enable
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>show config
Mesh Connection Auto Select
: enable
8-120 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)> add
Description:
Adds a 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio mesh connection.
Syntax:
add
<priority>
<mac>
Defines the connection priority (1-16).
Sets the access point MAC address.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>add 2 AA21DCDD12DE
8-121
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)> delete
Description:
Deletes a 802.11n (5.0 GHz) radio mesh connection by specified index or by removing all entries.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
<all>
Deletes a mesh connection by specified index (1-16).
Removes all mesh connections.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.radio.802-11n[5.0 GHz].mesh)>delete 2
8-122 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.5 Network Quality of Service (QoS) Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.qos)>
Description:
Displays the access point Quality of Service (QoS) submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
create
edit
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays access point QoS policy information.
Defines the parameters of the QoS policy.
Edits the settings of an existing QoS policy.
Removes an existing QoS policy.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-123
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.qos)> show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current QoS policy by summary or individual policy.
Syntax:
show
summary
policy
<index>
Displays all exisiting QoS policies that have been defined.
Displays the configuration for the requested QoS policy.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.qos)>show summary
---------------------------------------------------------------------QOS Policy Name
Associated WLANs
---------------------------------------------------------------------1 Default
WLAN1, mudskipper
2 IP Phones
Audio Dept
3 Video
Vidio Dept
admin(network.wireless.qos)>show policy 1
Policy Name
Default
Support Legacy Voice Mode
disable
Multicast (Mask) Address 1
01005E000000
Multicast (Mask) Address 2
09000E000000
WMM QOS Mode
disable
WMM QOS Parameter Set
11ag-default
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Setting the WLAN
Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
8-124 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.qos.create)>
Description:
Defines an access point QoS policy.
Syntax:
show
set
qos-name
vop
mcast
wmm-qos
param-set
<index>
<index>
<mac>
<index>
<set-name>
cwmin
<access
category>
<access
category>
<access
category>
<access
category>
cwmax
aifsn
txops
default
add-policy
..
<index>
<index>
<index>
<index>
<index>
Displays QoS policy parameters.
Sets the QoS name for the specified index entry.
Enables or disables support (by index) for legacy VOIP devices.
Defines primary and secondary Multicast MAC address.
Enables or disables the QoS policy index specified.
Defines the data type used with the qos policy and mesh network. When
set to a value other then manual, editing the access category values is
not necessary. Options include; 11g-default, 11b-default, 11g-wifi, 11bwifi, 11g-voice, 11b-voice or manual for advanced users).
Defines Minimum Contention Window (CW-Min) for specified access
categoiry and index.
Defines Maximum Contention Window (CW-Max) for specified access
categoiry and index.
Sets Arbitrary Inter-Frame Space Number (AIFSN) for specified access
categoiry and index.
Configures Opportunity to Transmit Time (TXOPs Time) for specified
access categoiry and index.
Defines CWMIN, CWMAX, AIFSN and TXOPs default values.
Completes the policy edit and exits the session.
Cancels the changes and exits.
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Setting the WLAN
Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
8-125
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.qos.edit)>
Descripton:
Edits the properties of an existing QoS policy.
Syntax:
show
set
qos-name
vop
mcast
wmm-qos
param-set
<index>
<index>
<mac>
<index>
<set-name>
cwmin
<access
category>
<access
category>
<access
category>
<access
category>
cwmax
aifsn
txops
default
change
..
<index>
<index>
<index>
<index>
<index>
Displays QoS policy parameters.
Sets the QoS name for the specified index entry.
Enables or disables support (by index) for legacy VOIP devices.
Defines primary and secondary Multicast MAC address.
Enables or disables the QoS policy index specified.
Defines the data type used with the qos policy and mesh
network. When set to a value other then manual, editing the
access category values is not necessary. Options include; 11gdefault, 11b-default, 11g-wifi, 11b-wifi, 11g-voice, 11b-voice or
manual for advanced users).
Defines the Minimum Contention Window (CW-Min) for
specified access categoiry and index.
Defines the Maximum Contention Window (CW-Max) for
specified access categoiry and index.
Sets the Arbitrary Inter-Frame Space Number (AIFSN) for
specified access categoiry and index.
Configures Opportunity to Transmit Time (TXOPs Time) for
specified access categoiry and index.
Defines CWMIN, CWMAX, AIFSN and TXOPs default values.
Completes the policy edit and exits the session.
Cancels the changes and exits.
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Setting the WLAN
Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
8-126 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.qos)> delete
Description:
Removes a QoS policy.
Syntax:
delete
<qos-name>
<all>
Deletes the specified QoS polciy index, or all of the policies (except default policy).
For information on configuring the WLAN QoS options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
8-127
8.3.3.6 Network Bandwith Management Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)>
Description:
Displays the access point Bandwidth Management submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays Bandwidth Management information for how data is processed by the access point.
Defines Bandwidth Management parameters for the access point.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-128 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)> show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current Bandwidth Management configuration.
Syntax:
show
summary Displays the current Bandwidth Management configuration for defined WLANs and how
they are weighted.
wlan
Example:
admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)>show summary
Bandwidth Share Mode Radio 1
: First In First Out
Bandwidth Share Mode Radio 2
: First In First Out
admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)>show wlan
WLAN 1
WLAN Name
WLAN1
ESSID
101
Radio Band(s)
2.4 and 5.0 GHz
VLAN
<none>
Security Policy
Default
QoS Policy
Default
For information on configuring the Bandwidth Management options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Bandwidth Management Settings on page 5-68.
8-129
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.bandwidth)> set
Description:
Defines the access point Bandwidth Management configuration.
Syntax:
set mode
weight
<bw-mode>
<num>
Defines bandwidth share mode of First In First Out <fifo>,
Round Robin <rr> or Weighted Round Robin <wrr>
Assigns a bandwidth share allocation for the WLAN <index 116 > when Weighted Round Robin <wrr> is selected. The
weighting is from 1-10.
For information on configuring the Bandwidth Management options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Bandwidth Management Settings on page 5-68.
8-130 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.7 Network Rogue-AP Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>
Description:
Displays the Rogue AP submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
mu-scan
allowed-list
active-list
rogue-list
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current access point Rogue AP detection configuration.
Defines the Rogue AP detection method.
Goes to the Rogue AP mu-uscan submenu.
Goes to the Rogue AP Allowed List submenu.
Goes the Rogue AP Active List submenu.
Goes the Rogue AP List submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-131
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)> show
Description:
Displays the current access point Rogue AP detection configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the current access point Rogue AP detection configuration.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>show
MU Scan
: disable
MU Scan Interval
: 60 minutes
On-Channel
: disable
Detector Radio Scan
: enable
Auto Authorize Motorola APs
: disable
Approved APs age out
: 0 minutes
Rogue APs age out
: 0 minutes
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-54.
8-132 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)> set
Description:
Defines the access point ACL rogue AP method.
Syntax:
set mu-scan
interval
on-channel
detector-scan
ABG-scan
motorola-ap
applst-ageout
roglst-ageout
<mode>
<minutes>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<minutes>
<minutes>
Enables or disables to permit MUs to scan for rogue APs.
Define an interval for associated MUs to beacon in attempting to locate rogue APs.
Value not available unless mu-scan is enabled.
Enables or disables on-channel detection.
Enables or disables AP detector scan (dual-radio model only).
Enables or disables A/BG Detector Scan Mode.
Enables or disables the Authorize Any AP with a Motorola MAC address option.
Sets the approved AP age out time.
Sets the rogue AP age out time.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set mu-scan enable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set interval 10
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set on-channel disable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set detector-scan disable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set ABG-scan disable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set motorola-ap enable
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set applst-ageout 10
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>set roglst-ageout 10
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap)>show
MU Scan
: enable
MU Scan Interval
: 10 minutes
On Channel
: disable
Detector Radio Scan
: disable
Auto Authorize Motorola APs
: enable
Approved AP age out
: 10 minutes
Rogue AP age out
: 10 minutes
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-54.
8-133
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.mu-scan)>
Description:
Displays the Rogue-AP mu-scan submenu.
Syntax:
add
show
start
..
/
save
quit
Add all or just one scan result to Allowed AP list.
Displays all APs located by the MU scan.
Initiates scan immediately by the MU.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-134 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.mu-scan)> start
Description:
Initiates an MU scan from a user provided MAC address.
Syntax:
start
<mu-mac>
Initiates MU scan from user provided MAC address.
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-54.
8-135
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.mu-scan)> show
Description:
Displays the results of an MU scan.
Syntax:
show
Displays all APs located by the MU scan.
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see
Configuring Rogue AP Detection on page 6-54.
8-136 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>
Description:
Displays the Rogue-AP allowed-list submenu.
show
add
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays the rogue AP allowed list
Adds an AP MAC address and ESSID to the allowed list.
Deletes an entry or all entries from the allowed list.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-137
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)> show
Description:
Displays the Rogue AP allowed List.
Syntax:
show
Displays the rogue-AP allowed list.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>show
Allowed AP List
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ap mac
essid
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00:A0:F8:71:59:20
*
2
00:A0:F8:33:44:55
101
3
00:A0:F8:40:20:01
Marketing
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-54.
8-138 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)> add
Description:
Adds an AP MAC address and ESSID to existing allowed list.
Syntax:
add
<mac-addr>
<ess-id>
Adds an AP MAC address and ESSID to existing allowed list.
“fffffffffffffffff” means any MAC
Use a “*” for any ESSID.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>add 00A0F83161BB 103
admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)>show
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
ap
essid
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
00:A0:F8:71:59:20
*
2
00:A0:F8:33:44:55
fffffffffff
3
00:A0:F8:40:20:01
Marketing
4
00:A0:F8:31:61:BB
103
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-54.
8-139
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.rogue-ap.allowed-list)> delete
Description:
Deletes an AP MAC address and ESSID to existing allowed list.
Syntax:
delete
<idx> (1-50)
<all>
Deletes an AP MAC address and ESSID (or all addresses) from the allowed list.
For information on configuring the Rogue AP options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Rogue AP
Detection on page 6-54.
8-140 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.3.8 WIPS Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wips)>
Description:
Displays the WIPS submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current WLAN Intrusion Prevention configuration.
Sets WLAN Intrusion Prevention parameters.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For information on configuring the Inrusion Prevention options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring
WIPS Server Settings on page 5-70.
8-141
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wips> show
Description:
Shows the WLAN Intrusion Prevention configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the WLAN Intrusion Prevention configuration.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wips>show
WIPS Server #1
IP Address
: 192.168.0.21
WIPS Server #2
IP Address
: 10.1.1.1
admin(network.wireless.wips>
8-142 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.wips set
Description:
Sets the WLAN Intrusion Prevention configuration.
Syntax:
set
<idx 1 and 2> <ip> Defines the WLAN Intrusion Prevention Server IP Address for (server IPs 1 and 2).
Example:
admin(network.wireless.wips)>set server 1 192.168.0.21
admin(network.wireless.wips)>
8-143
8.3.3.9 Network MU Locationing Commands
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing)>
Description:
Displays the MU Locationing submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current MU Locationing configuration.
Defines MU Locationing parameters.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-144 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing> show
Description:
Displays the MU probe table configuration
Syntax:
show
Displays the MU probe table configuration.
Example:
admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing)>show
MU Probe Table Mode
: disable
MU Probe Table Size
: 200
admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing)>
8-145
AP7131>admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing> set
Description:
Defines the MU probe table configuration used for locating MUs.
Syntax:
set
mode
size
Defines the MU probe table configuration.
Enables/disables a mu probe scan.
Defines the number of MUs in the table (the maximum allowed is 200).
Example:
admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing)>set
admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing)>set mode enable
admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing)>set size 200
admin(network.wireless.mu-locationing)>
8-146 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.3.4 Network Firewall Commands
AP7131>admin(network.firewall)>
Description:
Displays the access point firewall submenu. The items available under this command include:
show
set
access
advanced
..
/
save
quit
Displays the access point’s current firewall configuration.
Defines the access point’s firewall parameters.
Enables/disables firewall permissions through the LAN and WAN ports.
Displays interoperaility rules between the LAN and WAN ports.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-147
AP7131>admin(network.firewall)> show
Description:
Displays the access point firewall parameters.
Syntax:
show
Shows all access point firewall settings.
Example:
admin(network.firewall)>show
Firewall Status
: disable
NAT Timeout
: 10 minutes
Configurable Firewall Filters:
ftp bounce attack filter
: enable
syn flood attack filter
: enable
unaligned ip timestamp filter
: enable
source routing attack filter
: enable
winnuke attack filter
: enable
seq num prediction attack filter
: enable
mime flood attack filter
: enable
max mime header length
: 8192 bytes
max mime headers
: 16 headers
For information on configuring the Firewall options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Firewall
Settings on page 6-26.
8-148 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.firewall)> set
Description:
Defines the access point firewall parameters.
Syntax:
set mode
nat-timeout
syn
src
win
ftp
ip
seq
mime
len
hdr
<mode>
<interval>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
<mode>
filter
<length>
<count>
Enables or disables the firewall.
Defines the NAT timeout value.
Enables or disables SYN flood attack check.
Enables or disables source routing check.
Enables or disables Winnuke attack check.
Enables or disables FTP bounce attack check.
Enables or disables IP unaligned timestamp check.
Enables or disables sequence number prediction check.
Enables or disables MIME flood attack check.
Sets the max header length in bytes as specified by <length>
(with value in range 256 - 34463).
Sets the max number of headers as specified in <count>
(with value in range 12 - 34463).
Example:
admin(network.firewall)>set mode enable
admin(network.firewall)>set ftp enable
admin(network.firewall)>set ip enable
admin(network.firewall)>set seq enable
admin(network.firewall)>set src enable
admin(network.firewall)>set syn enable
admin(network.firewall)>set win enable
admin(network.firewall)>show
Firewall Status
: enable
Override LAN to WAN Access
: disable
Configurable Firewall Filters
ftp bounce attack filter
: enable
syn flood attack filter
: enable
unaligned ip timestamp filter
: enable
source routing attack filter
: enable
winnuke attack filter
: enable
seq num prediction attack filter
: enable
mime flood attack filter
: enable
max mime header length
: 8192
max mime headers
: 16
8-149
AP7131>admin(network.firewall)> access
Description:
Enables or disables firewall permissions through LAN to WAN ports.
Syntax:
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Displays LAN to WAN access rules.
Sets LAN to WAN access rules.
Adds LAN to WAN exception rules.
Deletes LAN to WAN access exception rules.
Displays LAN to WAN access exception rules. for the specified LAN.
Goes to parent menu
Goes to root menu.
Saves configuration to system flash.
Quits and exits the CLI session.
Example:
admin(network.firewall.lan-wan-access)>list lan1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
from
to
name
prot
start port
end port
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
lan
wan
HTTP
tcp
80
80
2
lan
wan
abc
udp
0
3
lan
wan
123456
ah
1440
2048
4
lan
wan
654321
tcp
2048
2048
5
lan
wan
abc
ah
100
1000
0
For information on configuring the Firewall options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Firewall
Settings on page 6-26.
8-150 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.firewall)> advanced
Description:
Displays whether an access point firewall rule is intended for inbound traffic to an interface or outbound traffic from that interface..
Syntax:
show
set
import
inbound
outbound
..
/
save
quit
Shows advanced subnet access parameters.
Sets advanced subnet access parameters.
Imports rules from subnet access.
Goes to the Inbound Firewall Rules submenu.
Goes to the Outbound Firewall Rules submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to flash memory.
Quits and exits the CLI session.
Example:
admin(network.firewall.adv-lan-access)>inbound
admin(network.firewall.adv-lan-access.inb)>list
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Idx
SCR IP-Netmask
Dst IP-Netmask
TP
SPorts
DPorts
Rev
NAT
Action
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.2.3.4
2.2.2.2
all 1:
1:
0.0.0.0
deny
2
255.0.0.0
33.3.0.0
255.0.0.0
10.10.1.1
65535
tcp 1:
65535
1:
nat port 33
11.11.1.0 allow
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
65535
65535
nat port 0
For information on configuring the Firewall options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Firewall
Settings on page 6-26.
8-151
8.3.5 Network Router Commands
AP7131>admin(network.router)>
Description:
Displays the router submenu. The items available under this command are:
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Displays the existing access point router configuration.
Sets the RIP parameters.
Adds user-defined routes.
Deletes user-defined routes.
Lists user-defined routes.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-152 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.router)> show
Description:
Shows the access point route table.
Syntax:
show
Shows the access point route table.
Example:
admin(network.router)>show routes
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan1
0
2
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan2
0
3
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan1
0
4
192.168.24.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
wan
0
5
157.235.19.5
255.255.255.0
192.168.24.1
wan
1
Default gateway Interface: wan
For information on configuring the Router options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-73.
8-153
AP7131>admin(network.router)> set
Description:
Shows the access point route table.
Syntax:
set auth
dir
id
key
passwd
type
dgw-iface
Sets the RIP authentication type (none, simple or MD5).
Sets RIP direction (rx, tx or both)
Sets MD5 authetication ID (1-256) for specific index (1-2).
Sets MD5 authetication key (up to 16 characters) for specified inded (1-2).
Sets the password (up to 16 characters) for simple authentication.
Defines the RIP type (off, ripv1, ripv2, or ripv1v2).
Sets the default gateway interface (lan1, lan2, wan or none).
For information on configuring the Router options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-73.
8-154 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.router)> add
Description:
Adds user-defined routes.
Syntax:
add <dest>
<netmask>
<gw> <iface>
<metric>
Adds a route with destination IP address <dest>, IP netmask
<netmask>, destination gateway IP address <gw>, interface
LAN1, LAN2 or WAN <iface>, and metric set to <metric>
(1-65536).
Example:
admin(network.router)>add 192.168.3.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.2.1 LAN1 1
admin(network.router)>list
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.3.0
255.255.255.0 192.168.2.1
lan1
1
For information on configuring the Router options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-73.
8-155
AP7131>admin(network.router)> delete
Description:
Deletes user-defined routes.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
all
Deletes the user-defined route <idx> (1-20) from list.
Deletes all user-defined routes.
Example:
admin(network.router)>list
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1
lan1
1
2
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan2
0
3
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan2
0
admin(network.router)>delete 2
admin(network.router)>list
-----------------------------------------------------------------index destination netmask gateway interface metric
-----------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan1
2
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan1
0
0
admin(network.router)>
For information on configuring the Router options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-73.
8-156 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(network.router)> list
Description:
Lists user-defined routes.
Syntax:
list
Displays a list of user-defined routes.
Example:
admin(network.router)>list
---------------------------------------------------------------------------index destination
netmask
gateway
interface
metric
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1
lan1
1
2
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan2
0
3
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
lan1
0
For information on configuring the Router options available to the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Router Settings
on page 5-73.
8-157
8.4 System Commands
AP7131>admin(system)>
Description:
Displays the System submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
restart
show
set
lastpw
exec
arp
power-setup
aap-setup
access
cmgr
snmp
userdb
radius
ntp
logs
config
fw-update
..
/
save
quit
Restarts the access point.
Shows access point system parameter settings.
Defines access point system parameter settings.
Displays last debug password.
Goes to a Linux command menu.
Dispalys the access point’s arp table.
Goes to the Power Settings submenu.
Goes to the Adaptive AP Settings submenu.
Goes to the access point access submenu where access point access methods can be enabled.
Goes the Certificate Manager submenu.
Goes to the SNMP submenu.
Goes to the user database submenu.
Goes to the Radius submenu.
Goes to the Network Time Protocol submenu.
Displays the log file submenu.
Goes to the configuration file update submenu.
Goes to the firmware update submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-158 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system)>restart
Description:
Restarts the access point access point.
Syntax:
restart
Restarts the access point.
Example:
admin(system)>restart
********************************WARNING***********************************
** Unsaved configuration changes will be lost when the access point is reset.
** Please be sure to save changes before resetting.
**************************************************************************
Are you sure you want to restart the AP-7131?? (yes/no):
AP-7131 Boot Firmware Version 3.0.0.0-xxx
Copyright(c) Motorola 2008. All rights reserved.
Press escape key to run boot firmware ........
Power On Self Test
testing ram
: pass
testing nor flash
: pass
testing nand flash
: pass
testing ethernet
: pass
For information on restarting the access point using the applet (GUI), see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
8-159
AP7131>admin(system)>show
Description:
Displays high-level system information helpful to differentiate this access point.
Syntax:
show
Displays access point system information.
Example:
admin(system)>show
system name
: AP-7131
system location
: Atlanta Field Office
admin email address
: johndoe@mycompany.com
system uptime
: 0 days 4 hours 41 minutes
AP-7131 firmware version
: 3.0.0.0-026D
country code
: us
ap-mode
: independent
serial number
: 05224520500336
admin(system)>
For information on displaying System Settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2.
8-160 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system)>set
Description:
Sets access point system parameters.
Syntax:
set name
<name>
loc
email
cc
<loc>
<email>
<code>
Sets the access point system name to <name> (1 to 59 characters). The access
point does not allow intermediate space characters between characters within
the system name. For example, “AP7131 sales” must be changed to
“AP7131sales” to be a valid system name.
Sets the access point system location to <loc> (1 to 59 characters).
Sets the access point admin email address to <email> (1 to 59 characters).
Sets the access point country code using two-letters <code>.
admin(system)>set name phils
admin(system)>set loc engineering
admin(system)>set email mudskipper@yahoo.com
admin(system)>set cc us
NOTE This name will appear in the WIPS server when one of the radios is configured as a sensor and the WIPS
functionality connects to the WIPS server. The WIPS module only accepts names with up to 20 characters,
keep that if intending to use this AP as a sensor.
For information on configuring System Settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring System Settings on page 4-2. Refer to
Appendix A for information on the two-character country codes.
8-161
AP7131>admin(system)>lastpw
Description:
Displays last expired debug password.
Example:
admin(system)>lastpw
AP-7131 MAC Address is 00:15:70:02:7A:66
Last debug password was motorola
Current debug password used 0 times, valid 4 more time(s)
admin(system)>
8-162 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system)>arp
Description:
Dispalys the access point’s arp table.
Example:
admin(system)>arp
Address
HWtype
HWaddress
Flags Mask
Iface
157.235.92.210
ether
00:11:25:14:61:A8
C
ixp1
157.235.92.179
ether
00:14:22:F3:D7:39
C
ixp1
157.235.92.248
ether
00:11:25:B2:09:60
C
ixp1
157.235.92.180
ether
00:0D:60:D0:06:90
C
ixp1
157.235.92.3
ether
00:D0:2B:A0:D4:FC
C
ixp1
157.235.92.181
ether
00:15:C5:0C:19:27
C
ixp1
157.235.92.80
ether
00:11:25:B2:0D:06
C
ixp1
157.235.92.95
ether
00:14:22:F9:12:AD
C
ixp1
157.235.92.161
ether
00:06:5B:97:BD:6D
C
ixp1
157.235.92.126
ether
00:11:25:B2:29:64
C
ixp1
admin(system)>
8-163
8.4.1 Power Setup Commands
AP7131>admin(system)>power-setup
Description:
Displays the Power Setup submenu.
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current power setting configuration.
Defines the access point’s power setting configuration.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the access point system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
For information on configuring power settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Power Settings on page 4-6.
8-164 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.power-setup)>show
Description:
Displays the access point’s current power configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the access point’s current power configuration.
Example:
admin(system.power-setup)>show
Power Mode
Power Status
Default Radio
: 3af
: Mid Power
: Radio2
admin(system.power-setup)>
For information on configuring power settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Power Settings on page 4-6.
8-165
AP7131>admin(system.power-setup)>set
Description:
Sets access point’s power consumption configuration.
Syntax:
set mode
def-radio
Sets the power mode to either Auto or 3af.
Defines the radio receiving access port resource priority (1-Radio1, 2-Radio2).
admin(system.power-setup)>set mode Auto
admin(system.power-setup)>set def-radio 1
For information on configuring power settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Power Settings on page 4-6..
8-166 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.2 Adaptive AP Setup Commands
AP7131>admin(system)>aap-setup
Description:
Displays the Adaptive AP submenu.
show
set
delete
..
/
save
quit
Displays Adaptive AP information.
Defines the Adaptive AP configuration.
Deletes static switch address assignments.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the access point system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
For information on configuring adaptive AP using the applet (GUI), see Adaptive AP Setup on page 4-8.
For an overview of adaptive AP functionality and its implications, see Adaptive AP on page 10-1.
8-167
AP7131>admin(system.aap-setup)>show
Description:
Displays the access point’s Adaptive AP configuration.
Syntax:
show
Displays the access point’s Adaptive AP configuration.
Example:
admin(system.aap-setup)>show
Auto Discovery Mode
Switch Interface
Switch Name
Static IP Port
Static IP Address
IP Address 1
IP Address 2
IP Address 3
IP Address 4
IP Address 5
IP Address 6
IP Address 7
IP Address 8
IP Address 9
IP Address 10
IP Address 11
IP Address 12
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Tunnel to Switch
AC Keepalive
: disable
: 5
Current Switch
AP Adoption State
disable
lan1
greg
24576
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
: 157.235.22.11
: AAP not adopted
admin(system.aap-setup)>
For information on configuring adaptive AP using the applet (GUI), see Adaptive AP Setup on page 4-8.
For an overview of adaptive AP functionality and its implications, see Adaptive AP on page 10-1.
8-168 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.aap-setup)>set
Description:
Sets access point’s Adaptive AP configuration.
Syntax:
set auto-discovery
ipadr
name
port
passphrase
tunnel-to-switch
ac-keepalive
Sets the switch auto-discovery mode (enable/disable).
Defines the switch IP address used.
Defines the switch name for DNS lookups (up to 127 characters).
Sets the port.
Defines the pass phrase or key for switch connection.
Enables/disables the tunnel between switch and access point.
Defines the keepalive interval.
admin(system.aap-setup)>set auto-discovery enable
admin(system.aap-setup)>set ipadr 192.235.111.10
admin(system.aap-setup)>set port 1812
admin(system.aap-setup)>set passphrase mudskipper
For information on configuring adaptive AP using the applet (GUI), see Adaptive AP Setup on page 4-8.
For an overview of adaptive AP functionality and its implications, see Adaptive AP on page 10-1.
8-169
AP7131>admin(system.aap-setup)>delete
Description:
Deletes static switch address assignments.
Syntax:
delete
<idx>
<all>
Deletes static switch address assignments by selected index.
Deletes all assignments.
Example:
admin(system.aap-setup)>delete 1
admin(system.aap-setup)>
For information on configuring Adaptive AP using the applet (GUI), see Adaptive AP Setup on page 4-8.
For an overview of adaptive AP functionality and its implications, see Adaptive AP on page 10-1.
8-170 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.3 System Access Commands
AP7131>admin(system)>access
Description:
Displays the access point access submenu.
show
set
..
/
save
quit
Displays access point system access capabilities.
Goes to the access point system access submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the access point system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
8-171
AP7131>admin(system.access)>set
Description:
Defines the permissions to access the access point applet, CLI, SNMP as well as defining their timeout values.
Syntax:
set applet
app-timeout
cli
<minutes>
ssh
auth-timout
<seconds>
inactive-timeout
<minutes>
snmp
admin-auth
server
port
secret
<ip>
<port#>
<pw>
mode
msg
<mode>
Defines the applet HTTP/HTTPS access parameters.
Sets the applet timeout. Default is 300 Mins.
Defines CLI Telnet access parameters. Enables/disables access from lan
and wan.
Sets the CLI SSH access parameters.
Disables the radio interface if no data activity is detected after the interval
defined. Default is 120 seconds.
Inactivity interval resulting in the AP terminating its connection.
Default is 120 minutes.
Sets SNMP access parameters for the AP’s LAN and WAN ports.
Designates a Radius server is used in the authentication verification.
Specifies the IP address the Remote Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server.
Specifies the port on which the RADIUS server is listening. Default is 1812.
Defines the shared secret password for RADIUS server authentication (up
to 31 characters).
Enables/disables the access point message mode.
Defines the access point login message text (up to 511 characters).
For information on configuring access point access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Data Access on page 4-11.
8-172 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.access)>show
Description:
Displays the current access point access permissions and timeout values.
Syntax:
show
Shows all of the current system access settings for the access point..
Example:
admin(system.access)>show
-------------------------------From LAN1-------From LAN2-------From WAN
applet http access
applet http access
cli telnet access
cli ssh access
snmp access
http/s timeout
ssh server authetnication timeout
ssh server inactivity timeout
admin authetnication mode
Login Message Mode
Login Message
enable
enable
enable
enable
enable
enable
enable
enable
enable
enable
:
:
:
:
:
enable
enable
enable
enable
enable
0
120
120
local
disable
:
Related Commands:
set
Defines the access point system access capabilities and timeout values.
For information on configuring access point access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Data Access on page 4-11.
8-173
8.4.4 System Certificate Management Commands
AP7131>admin(system)>cmgr
Description:
Displays the Certificate Manager submenu. The items available under this command include:
genreq
delself
loadself
listself
loadca
delca
listca
showreq
delprivkey
listprivkey
expcert
impcert
..
/
save
quit
Generates a Certificate Request.
Deletes a Self Certificate.
Loads a Self Certificate signed by CA.
Lists the self certificate loaded.
Loads trusted certificate from CA.
Deletes the trusted certificate.
Lists the trusted certificate loaded.
Displays a certificate request in PEM format.
Deletes the private key.
Lists names of private keys.
Exports the certificaqte file.
Imports the certificate file.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-174 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> genreq
Description:
Generates a certificate request.
Syntax:
genreq <IDname> <Subject>
[-ou <OrgUnit>]
[-on <OrgName>] [-cn <City>]
...
[-p <PostCode>]
[-cc <CCode>]
[-e <Email>]
[-d <Domain>]
Generates a self-certificate request for a Certification Authority (CA), where:
<IDname>
The private key ID Name (up to 7 chars)
<Subject>
Subject Name (up to 49 chars)
-ou <Department> Organization Unit (up to 49 chars)
-on <OrgName>
Organization Name (up to 49 chars)
-cn <City>
City Name of Organization (up to 49 chars)
-st <State>
State Name (up to 49 chars)
-p <PostCode>
Postal code (9 digits)
-cc <CCode>
Country code (2 chars)
-e <Email>
E-mail Address (up to 49 chars)
-d <Domain>
Domain Name (up to 49 chars)
-i <IP>
IP Address (a.b.c.d)
-sa <SAlgo>
Signature Algorithm (one of MD5-RSA or SHA1-RSA
-k <KSize>
Key size in bits (one of 512, 1024, or 2048)
[-st <State>]
[-i <IP>]
...
[-sa <SAlgo>]
Note: The parameters in [square brackets] are optional. Check with the CA to determine what fields are necessary. For example, most
CAs require an email address and an IP address, but not the address of the organization.
Example:
admin(system.cmgr)>genreq MyCert2 MySubject -ou MyDept -on MyCompany
Please wait. It may take some time...
Generating the certificate request
Retreiving the certificate request
The certificate request is
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE REQUEST----MIHzMIGeAgEAMDkxEjAQBgNVBAoTCU15Q29tcGFueTEPMA0GA1UECxMGTXlEZXB0
MRIwEAYDVQQDEwlNeVN1YmplY3QwXDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAANLADBIAkEAtKcX
plKFCFAJymTFX71yuxY1fdS7UEhKjBsH7pdqnJnsASK6ZQGAqerjpKScWV1mzYn4
1q2+mgGnCvaZUlIo7wIDAQABoAAwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEEBQADQQCClQ5LHdbG/C1f
Bj8AszttSo/bA4dcX3vHvhhJcmuuWO9LHS2imPA3xhX/d6+Q1SMbs+tG4RP0lRSr
iWDyuvwx
-----END CERTIFICATE REQUEST-----
For information on configuring certificate management settings using the applet (GUI), see Managing Certificate Authority (CA)
Certificates on page 4-16.
8-175
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> delself
Description: )
Deletes a self certificate.
Syntax:
delself
<IDname>
Deletes the self certificate named <IDname>.
Example:
admin(system.cmgr)>delself MyCert2
For information on configuring self certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates for Accessing the VPN on
page 4-18.
8-176 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> loadself
Description:
Loads a self certificate signed by the Certificate Authority.
Syntax:
loadself
<IDname>
Load the self certificate signed by the CA with name <IDname>.
For information on configuring self certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates for Accessing the VPN on
page 4-18.
8-177
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> listself
Description:
Lists the loaded self certificates.
Syntax:
listself
Lists all self certificates that are loaded.
For information on configuring self certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates for Accessing the VPN on
page 4-18.
8-178 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> loadca
Description:
Loads a trusted certificate from the Certificate Authority.
Syntax:
loadca
Loads the trusted certificate (in PEM format) that is pasted into the command line.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16.
8-179
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> delca
Description:
Deletes a trusted certificate.
Syntax:
delca
<IDname>
Deletes the trusted certificate.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16.
8-180 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> listca
Description:
Lists the loaded trusted certificate.
Syntax:
listca
Lists the loaded trusted certificates.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16.
8-181
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> showreq
Description:
Displays a certificate request in PEM format.
Syntax:
showreq
<IDname>
Displays a certificate request named <IDname> generated from the genreq command.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16.
8-182 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> delprivkey
Description:
Deletes a private key.
Syntax:
delprivkey
<IDname>
Deletes private key named <IDname>.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Creating Self Certificates for Accessing the VPN on page
4-18.
8-183
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> listprivkey
Description:
Lists the names of private keys.
Syntax:
listprivkey
Lists all private keys and displays their certificate associations.
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16.
8-184 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> expcert
Description:
Exports the certificate file to a user defined location.
Syntax:
expcert
Exports the access point’s CA or Self certificate file.
To export certificate information from an AP-7131 model access point:
admin(system.cmgr)>expcert ?
<type> <file name> <cr>
:
:
:
:
type: ftp/tftp
file name: Certificate file name
Server options for this file are the same
as that for the configuration file
admin(system.cmgr)>expcert tftp AP-71x1certs.txt
To configue certificate management settings while conducting a firmware update or restoring a factory default configuratrion:
admin(system.cmgr)> ?
genreq
delself
loadself
listself
loadca
delca
listca
showreq
delprivkey
listprivkey
expcert
impcert
(..)
/
save
quit
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
generate a certificate request
deletes a signed certificate
loads a signed certficiate signed by the CA
lists the loaded signed self certificate
loads the root CA certificate
deletes the root CA certificate
lists the loaded root CA certificate
displays certificate request in PEM format
deletes the private key
lists the names of the private keys
exports the target certficate file
imports the target certficate file
goes to the parent menu
goes to the root menu
saves the configuration to system flash
quits the CLI session
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16.
8-185
AP7131>admin(system.cmgr)> impcert
Description:
Imports the target certificate file.
Syntax:
impcert
Imports the target certificate file.
To import certificate information from an AP-7131 model access point:
admin(system.cmgr)>impcert ?
<type> <file name> <cr>
:
:
:
:
type: ftp/tftp
file name: Certificate file name
Server options for this file are the same
as that for the configuration file
admin(system.cmgr)>impcert tftp AP-7131certs.txt
To configue certificate management settings while conducting a firmware update or restoring a factory default configuratrion:
admin(system.cmgr)> ?
genreq
delself
loadself
listself
loadca
delca
listca
showreq
delprivkey
listprivkey
expcert
impcert
(..)
/
save
quit
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
generate a certificate request
deletes a signed certificate
loads a signed certficiate signed by the CA
lists the loaded signed self certificate
loads the root CA certificate
deletes the root CA certificate
lists the loaded root CA certificate
displays certificate request in PEM format
deletes the private key
lists the names of the private keys
exports the target certficate file
imports the target certficate file
goes to the parent menu
goes to the root menu
saves the configuration to system flash
: quits the CLI session
For information on configuring certificate settings using the applet (GUI), see Importing a CA Certificate on page 4-16.
8-186 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.5 System SNMP Commands
AP7131>admin(system)> snmp
Description:
Displays the SNMP submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
access
traps
..
/
save
quit
Goes to the SNMP access submenu.
Goes to the SNMP traps submenu.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-187
8.4.5.1 System SNMP Access Commands
AP7131>admin(system.snmp.access)
Description:
Displays the SNMP Access menu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Shows SNMP v3 engine ID.
Adds SNMP access entries.
Deletes SNMP access entries.
Lists SNMP access entries.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
8-188 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.snmp.access)> show
Description:
Shows the SNMP v3 engine ID.
Syntax:
show
eid
Shows the SNMP v3 Engine ID.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.access)>show eid
AP-7131 snmp v3 engine id
: 000001846B8B4567F871AC68
admin(system.snmp.access)>
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-32.
8-189
AP7131>admin(system.snmp.access)> add
Description:
Adds SNMP access entries for specific v1v2 and v3 user definitions.
Syntax:
add acl
<ip1>
v1v2c <comm>
<ip2>
<access>
Adds an entry to the SNMP access control list with <ip1> as the starting IP address and <ip2>
and as the ending IP address.
<oid>
: comm - community string 1 to 31 characters
: access - read/write access - (ro,rw)
v3
<user>
<auth>
<access>
<pass1>
: oid - string 1 to 127 chars - E.g. 1.3.6.1
<oid>
<sec>
<priv>
<pass2>
: user - username 1 to 31 characters
: access - read/write access - (ro,rw)
: oid - string 1 to 127 chars - E.g. 1.3.6.1
: sec - security - (none,auth,auth/priv)
: auth - algorithm - (md5,sha1)
: (required only if sec is - auth,auth/priv)
: pass1 - auth password - 8 to 31 chars
: (required only if sec is 'auth,auth/priv')
: priv - algorithm - (des, aes)
: (required only if sec is 'auth/priv')
: pass2 - privacy password - 8 to 31 chars
: (required only if sec is 'auth/priv')
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is not none:
Authentication type <auth> set to md5 or sha1
Authentication password <pass1> (8 to 31 chars)
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is set to auth/priv:
Privacy algorithm set to des or aes
Privacy password <pass2> (8 to 31 chars)
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-32.
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AP7131>admin(system.snmp.access)> delete
Description:
Deletes SNMP access entries for specific v1v2 and v3 user definitions.
Syntax:
delete acl
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
<idx>
all
<idx>
all
Deletes entry <idx> (1-10) from the access control list.
Deletes all entries from the access control list.
Deletes entry <idx> (1-10) from the v1/v2 configuration list.
Deletes all entries from the v1/v2 configuration list.
Deletes entry <idx> (1-10) from the v3 user definition list.
Deletes all entries from the v3 user definition list.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.access)>list acl
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start ip
end ip
----------------------------------------------------------------------------1
209.236.24.1
209.236.24.46
admin(system.snmp.access)>delete acl all
admin(system.snmp.access)>list acl
----------------------------------------------------------------------------index
start ip
end ip
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-32.
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AP7131>admin(system.snmp.access)> list
Description:
Lists SNMP access entries.
Syntax:
list acl
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
Lists SNMP access control list entries.
Lists SNMP v1/v2c configuration.
Lists SNMP v3 user definition by index <idx> (1-10).
Lists all SNMP v3 user definitions.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.access)>list acl
---------------------------------------------------------------index
start ip
end ip
---------------------------------------------------------------1
209.236.24.1
209.236.24.46
admin(system.snmp.access)>list v1v2c
---------------------------------------------------------------index
community
access
oid
---------------------------------------------------------------1
2
public
private
read only
read/write
1.3.6.1
1.3.6.1
admin(system.snmp.access)>list v3 2
index
: 2
username
: judy
access permission
: read/write
object identifier
: 1.3.6.1
security level
: auth/priv
auth algorithm
: md5
auth password
: ********
privacy algorithm
: des
privacy password
: *******
For information on configuring SNMP access settings using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Access Control on page 4-32.
8-192 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.5.2 System SNMP Traps Commands
AP7131>admin(system.snmp.traps)
Description:
Displays the SNMP traps submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
show
set
add
delete
list
..
/
save
quit
Shows SNMP trap parameters.
Sets SNMP trap parameters.
Adds SNMP trap entries.
Deletes SNMP trap entries.
Lists SNMP trap entries.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
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AP7131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> show
Description:
Shows SNMP trap parameters.
Syntax:
show
trap
rate-trap
Shows SNMP trap parameter settings.
Shows SNMP rate-trap parameter settings.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>show trap
SNMP MU Traps
mu associated
: enable
mu unassociated
: disable
mu denied association
: disable
mu denied authentication
: disable
SNMP Traps
snmp authentication failure
: disable
snmp acl violation
: disable
SNMP Network Traps
physical port status change
: enable
denial of service
: enable
denial of service trap rate limit : 10 seconds
SNMP System Traps
system cold start
: disable
system config changed
: disable
rogue ap detection
: disable
ap radar detection
: disable
wpa counter measure
: disable
mu hotspot status
: disable
vlan
: disable
lan monitor
: disable
DynDNS Update
: enable
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Enabling SNMP Traps on page 4-33.
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AP7131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> set
Description:
Sets SNMP trap parameters.
Syntax:
set mu-assoc
mu-unassoc
mu-deny-assoc
mu-deny-auth
snmp-auth
snmp-acl
port
dos-attack
dyndns-update
interval
cold
cfg
rogue-ap
ap-radar
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
<rate>
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
enable/disable
wpa-counter
enable/disable
hotspot-mu-status enable/disable
vlan
enable/disable
lan-monitor
enable/disable
rate
<rate>
<scope>
min-pkt
<pkt>
Enables/disables the MU associated trap.
Enables/disables the MU unassociated trap.
Enables/disables the MU association denied trap.
Enables/disables the MU authentication denied trap.
Enables/disables the authentication failure trap.
Enables/disables the SNMP ACL violation trap.
Enables/disables the physical port status trap.
Enables/disables the denial of service trap.
Enables/disables dyndns update trap.
Sets denial of service trap interval.
Enables/disables the system cold start trap.
Enables/disables a configuration changes trap.
Enables/disables a trap when a rogue-ap is detected.
Enables/disables the AP Radar Detection trap.
<value>
Enables/disables the WPA counter measure trap.
Enables/disables the hotspot mu status trap.
Enables/disables VLAN traps.
Enables/disables LAN monitor traps.
Sets the particular <rate> to monitor to <value> given the
indicated <scope>. See table below for information on the
possible values for <rate>, <scope>, and <value>.
Sets the minimum number of packets required for rate traps
to fire (1-65535).
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Specific SNMP Traps on page 4-36.
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AP7131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> add
Description:
Adds SNMP trap entries.
Syntax:
add v1v2 <ip>
<port>
<comm>
<ver>
Adds an entry to the SNMP v1/v2 access list with the destination IP address set to <ip>, the destination UDP port set to
<port>, the community string set to <comm> (1 to 31 characters), and the SNMP version set to <ver>.
v3
<ip>
<port>
<user>
<sec>
<auth>
<pass1>
<priv>
<pass2>
Adds an entry to the SNMP v3 access list with the destination IP address set to <ip>, the destination UDP port set to
<port>, the username set to <user> (1 to 31 characters), and the authentication type set to one of none, auth, or auth/
priv.
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is not none:
Authentication type <auth> set to md5 or sha1
Authentication password <pass1> (8 to 31 chars)
The following parameters must be specified if <sec> is set to auth/priv:
Privacy algorithm set to des or aes
Privacy password <pass2> (8 to 31 chars)
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v1v2 203.223.24.2 333 mycomm v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v1v2c
---------------------------------------------------------------------index
dest ip
dest port
community
version
---------------------------------------------------------------------1
203.223.24.2
333
mycomm
v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v3 201.232.24.33 555 BigBoss none md5
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v3 all
index
: 1
destination ip
: 201.232.24.33
destination port
: 555
username
: BigBoss
security level
: none
auth algorithm
: md5
auth password
: ********
privacy algorithm
: des
privacy password
: ********
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds on page 4-39.
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AP7131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> delete
Description:
Deletes SNMP trap entries.
Syntax:
delete
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
<idx>
all
Deletes entry <idx> from the v1v2c access control list.
Deletes all entries from the v1v2c access control list.
Deletes entry <idx> from the v3 access control list.
Deletes all entries from the v3 access control list.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>delete v1v2 all
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP Settings on page 4-25.
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AP7131>admin(system.snmp.traps)> list
Description:
Lists SNMP trap entries.
Syntax:
list
v1v2c
v3
<idx>
all
Lists SNMP v1/v2c access entries.
Lists SNMP v3 access entry <idx>.
Lists all SNMP v3 access entries.
Example:
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v1v2 203.223.24.2 162 mycomm v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v1v2c
---------------------------------------------------------------------index
dest ip
dest port
community
version
---------------------------------------------------------------------1
203.223.24.2
162
mycomm
v1
admin(system.snmp.traps)>add v3 201.232.24.33 555 BigBoss none md5
admin(system.snmp.traps)>list v3 all
index
: 1
destination ip
: 201.232.24.33
destination port
: 555
username
: BigBoss
security level
: none
auth algorithm
: md5
auth password
: ********
privacy algorithm
: des
privacy password
: ********
For information on configuring SNMP traps using the applet (GUI), see Configuring SNMP RF Trap Thresholds on page 4-39.
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8.4.6 System User Database Commands
AP7131>admin(system)> userdb
Description:
Goes to the user database submenu.
Syntax:
user
group
save
..
/
Goes to the user submenu.
Goes to the group submenu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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8.4.5.1 Adding and Removing Users from the User Databse
AP7131>admin(system.userdb)> user
Description:
Adds and remvoves users from the user database and defines user passwords.
Syntax:
add
delete
clearall
set
show
save
..
/
Adds a new user.
Deletes a new user.
Removes all existing user IDs from the system.
Sets a password for a user.
Displays the current user database configuration.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.user)> add
Description:
Adds a new user to the user database.
Syntax:
add
Adds a new user to the user database.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.user>add george password
admin(system.userdb.user>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.user)> delete
Description:
Removes a new user to the user database.
Syntax:
delete
Removes a new user to the user database.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.user>delete george
admin(system.userdb.user>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.user)>clearall
Description:
Removes all existing user IDs from the system.
Syntax:
clearall
Removes all existing user IDs from the system.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.user>clearall
admin(system.userdb.user>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.user)>set
Description:
Sets a password for a user..
Syntax:
set
<user> <pw>
Sets a password for a specific user.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.user>set george password
admin(system.userdb.user>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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8.4.5.2 Adding and Removing Groups from the User Databse
AP7131>admin(system.userdb)> group
Description:
Adds and remvoves groups from the user database.
Syntax:
create
delete
clearall
add
remove
show
save
..
/
Creates a group name.
Deletes a group name.
Removes all existing group names from the system.
Adds a user to an existing group.
Removes a user from an existing group.
Displays existing groups.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Goes to the parent menu.
Moves back to root menu.
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.group> create
Description:
Creates a group name. Once defined, users can be added to the group.
Syntax:
create
Creates a group name. Once defined, users can be added to the group.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.group>create 2
admin(system.userdb.group>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.group> delete
Description:
Deletes an existing group.
Syntax:
delete
Deletes an existing group.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.group>delete 2
admin(system.userdb.group>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.group> clearall
Description:
Removes all existing group names from the system.
Syntax:
clearall
Removes all existing group names from the system.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.group>clearall
admin(system.userdb.group>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.group> add
Description:
Adds a user to an existing group.
Syntax:
add
<userid> <group> Adds a user <userid> to an existing group <group>.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.group>add lucy group x
admin(system.userdb.group>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.group> remove
Description:
Removes a user from an existing group.
Syntax:
remove
<userid> <group> Removes a user <userid> from an existing group<group> .
Example:
admin(system.userdb.group>remove lucy group x
admin(system.userdb.group>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76
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AP7131>admin(system.userdb.group> show
Description:
Displays existing groups.
Syntax:
show
users
groups
Displays existing groups and users,
Displays configured user IDs for a group.
Displays configured groups.
Example:
admin(system.userdb.group>show groups
List of Group Names
: engineering
: marketing
: demo room
admin(system.userdb.group>
For information on configuring User Database permissions using the applet (GUI), see Defining User Access Permissions by Group on
page 6-76.
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8.4.7 System Radius Commands
AP7131>admin(system)> radius
Description:
Goes to the Radius system submenu.
Syntax:
eap
policy
ldap
proxy
client
set
show
save
quit
..
/
Goes to the EAP submenu.
Goes to the access policy submenu.
Goes to the LDAP submenu.
Goes to the proxy submenu.
Goes to the client submenu.
Sets Radius parameters.
Displays Radius parameters.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring Radius using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
8-212 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.radius)> set/show
Description:
Sets or displays the Radius user database.
Syntax:
set
show all
Sets the Radius user database.
Displays the Radius user database.
Example:
admin(system.radius)>set database local
admin(system.radius)>show all
Database
: local
admin(system.radius)>
For information on configuring Radius using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
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8.4.6.1 AP7131>admin(system.radius)> eap
Description:
Goes to the EAP submenu.
Syntax:
peap
ttls
import
set
show
save
quit
..
/
Goes to the Peap submenu.
Goes to the TTLS submenu.
Imports the requested EAP certificates.
Defines EAP parameters.
Displays the EAP configuration.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring EAP Radius using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.eap)> peap
Description:
Goes to the Peap submenu.
Syntax:
set
show
save
quit
..
/
Defines Peap parameters.
Displays the Peap configuration.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring PEAP Radius using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.eap.peap> set/show
Description:
Defines and displays Peap parameters
Syntax:
set
show
Sets the Peap authentication <type>.
Displays the Peap authentication type.
Example:
admin(system.radius.eap.peap)>set auth gtc
admin(system.radius.eap.peap)>show
PEAP Auth Type
: gtc
For information on configuring EAP PEAP Radius values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.eap)> ttls
Description:
Goes to the TTLS submenu.
Syntax:
set
show
save
quit
..
/
Defines TTLS parameters.
Displays the TTLS configuration.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring EAP TTLS Radius values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.eap.ttls> set/show
Description:
Defines and displays TTLS parameters
Syntax:
set
show
Sets the TTLS authentication <type>.
Displays the TTLS authentication type.
Example:
admin(system.radius.eap.ttls)>set auth pap
admin(system.radius.eap.ttls)>show
TTLS Auth Type
: pap
For information on configuring EAP TTLS Radius values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
8-218 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.6.2 AP7131>admin(system.radius)> policy
Description:
Goes to the access policy submenu.
Syntax:
set
access-time
show
save
quit
..
/
Sets a group’s WLAN access policy.
Goes to the time based login submenu.
Displays the group’s access policy.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring Radius access policies using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.policy> set
Description:
Defines the group’s WLAN access policy.
Syntax:
set
<group name>
<wlan name>
Defines the group’s <group name> WLAN access policy (defined as a string).
Example:
admin(system.radius.policy)>set engineering 16
admin(system.radius.policy)>
For information on configuring Radius WLAN policy values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
8-220 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.radius.policy> access-time
Description: set
Goes to the time-based login submenu.
Syntax:
set
<group>
<access-time>
show
save
quit
..
/
Defines a target group’s access time permissions. Access time is in DayDDDD-DDDD
format.
Displays the group’s access time rule.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Example:
admin(system.radius.policy.access-time)>show
List of Access Policies
1
2
10
12
:
:
:
:
Tue0830-2200, We2000-2300, Th1100-1930
Any0000-2359
Any0000-2359
Any0000-2359
Context
Command
Description
system>radius>policy>access-time
set start-time <group> <value> group = Valid group name..
value = 4 digit value
representing HHMM
(0000-2359 allowed).
system>radius>policy>access-time
set end-time <group> <value>
group = Valid group name..
value = 4 digit value
representing HHMM
(0000-2359 allowed).
The end time should be greater
than the start time.
system>radius>policy>access-time
set access-days <group>
<day-selector-keyword>
group = Valid group name.
day-selector-keyword = The
allowed values are:
Mo, Tu, We, Th, Fr, Sa, Su,
Weekdays, Weekends, all.
For information on configuring Radius WLAN policy values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.policy> show
Description:
Displays a group’s access policy.
Syntax:
show
Displays a group’s access policy.
Example:
admin(system.radius.policy)>show
List of Access Policies
engineering
marketing
demo room
test demo
:
:
:
:
16
10
3
No Wlans
admin(system.radius.policy)>
For information on configuring Radius WLAN policy values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring User Authentication on page 6-64
8-222 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.4.6.3 AP7131>admin(system.radius)> ldap
Description:
Goes to the LDAP submenu.
Syntax:
set
show all
save
quit
..
/
Defines the LDAP parameters.
Displays existing LDAP parameters.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring a Radius LDAP server using the applet (GUI), see Configuring LDAP Authentication on page 6-67.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.ldap)> set
Description:
Defines the LDAP parameters.
Syntax:
set
ipadr
port
binddn
basedn
passwd
login
pass_attr
groupname
filter
membership
Defines the LDAP parameters.
Sets LDAP IP address.
Sets LDAP server port.
Sets LDAP bind distinguished name.
Sets LDAP base distinguished name.
Sets LDAP server password.
Sets LDAP login attribute.
Sets LDAP password attribute.
Sets LDAP group name attribute.
Sets LDAP group membership filter.
Sets LDAP group membership attribute.
Example:
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set ipadr 157.235.121.12
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set port 1812
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set binddn 123
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set basedn 123
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set passwd mudskipper
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set login muddy
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set pass_attr 123
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set groupname 0.0.0.0
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set filter 123
admin(system.radius.ldap)>set membership radiusGroupName
admin(system.radius.ldap)>
For information on configuring a Radius LDAP server using the applet (GUI), see Configuring LDAP Authentication on page 6-67.
8-224 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(system.radius.ldap)> show all
Description:
Displays existing LDAP parameters.
Syntax:
show all
Displays existing LDAP parameters.
Example:
admin(system.radius.ldap)>show all
LDAP Server IP
: 0.0.0.0
LDAP Server Port
: 389
LDAP Bind DN
: cn=manager, o=trion
LDAP Base DN
: 0=trion
LDAP Login Attribute
: (uid=%{Stripped-User-Name:-%{User-Name}})
LDAP Password attribute
: userPassword
LDAP Group Name Attribue
: cn
LDAP Group Membership Filter
: (|(&(objectClass=GroupOfNames)(member=%{LdapobjectClass=GroupOfUniqueNames)(uniquemember=%{Ldap-UserDn})))
LDAP Group Membership Attribute
: radiusGroupName
admin(system.radius.ldap)>
For information on configuring a Radius LDAP server using the applet (GUI), see Configuring LDAP Authentication on page 6-67.
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8.4.6.4 AP7131>admin(system.radius)> proxy
Description:
Goes to the Radius proxy server submenu.
Syntax:
add
delete
clearall
set
show
save
quit
..
/
Adds a proxy realm.
Deletes a proxy realm.
Removes all proxy server records.
Sets proxy server parameters.
Displays current Radius proxy server parameters.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring Radius proxy server values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a Proxy Radius Server on page 6-70.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.proxy)> add
Description:
Adds a proxy.
Syntax:
add
name
ip1
port
sec
<name>
<ip1>
<port>
<sec>
Adds a proxy realm.
Realm name.
Authentication server IP address.
Authentication server port.
Shared secret password.
Example:
admin(system.radius.proxy)>add lancelot 157.235.241.22 1812 muddy
admin(system.radius.proxy)>
For information on configuring Radius proxy server values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a Proxy Radius Server on page 6-70.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.proxy)> delete
Description:
Adds a proxy.
Syntax:
delete
<name>
Deletes a realm name.
Example:
admin(system.radius.proxy)>delete lancelot
admin(system.radius.proxy)>
For information on configuring Radius proxy server values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a Proxy Radius Server on page 6-70.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.proxy)> clearall
Description:
Removes all proxy server records from the system.
Syntax:
clearall
Removes all proxy server records from the system.
Example:
admin(system.radius.proxy)>clearall
admin(system.radius.proxy)>
For information on configuring Radius proxy server values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a Proxy Radius Server on page 6-70.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.proxy)> set
Description:
Sets Radius proxy server parameters.
Syntax:
set
delay
count
Sets Radius proxy server parameters.
Defines retry delay time (in seconds) for the proxy server.
Defines retry count value for the proxy server.
Example:
admin(system.radius.proxy)>set delay 10
admin(system.radius.proxy)>set count 5
admin(system.radius.proxy)>
For information on configuring Radius proxy server values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring a Proxy Radius Server on page 6-70.
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8.4.6.5 AP7131>admin(system.radius)> client
Description:
Goes to the Radius client submenu.
Syntax:
add
delete
show
save
quit
..
/
Adds a Radius client to list of available clients.
Deletes a Radius client from list of available clients.
Displays a list of configured clients.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
For information on configuring Radius client values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the Radius Server on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.client> add
Description:
Adds a Radius client to those available to the Radius server.
Syntax:
add
ip
mask
secret
<ip>
<ip1>
<sec>
Adds a proxy.
Client’s IP address.
Network mask address of the client.
Shared secret password.
Example:
admin(system.radius.client)>add 157.235.132.11 255.255.255.225 muddy
admin(system.radius.client)>
For information on configuring Radius client values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the Radius Server on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.client> delete
Description:
Removes a specified Radius client from those available to the Radius server.
Syntax:
delete
ip
Removes a specified Radius client from those available to the Radius server
Example:
admin(system.radius.client)>delete 157.235.132.11
admin(system.radius.client)>
For information on configuring Radius client values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the Radius Server on page 6-64.
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AP7131>admin(system.radius.client> show
Description:
Displays a list of configured Radius clients.
Syntax:
show
Removes a specified Radius client from those available to the Radius server.
Example:
admin(system.radius.client)>show
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Idx
Subnet/Host
Netmask
SharedSecret
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
157.235.132.11
255.255.255.225
*****
admin(system.radius.client)>
For information on configuring Radius client values using the applet (GUI), see Configuring the Radius Server on page 6-64.
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8.4.8 System Network Time Protocol (NTP) Commands
AP7131>admin(system)> ntp
Description:
Displays the NTP menu. The correct network time is required for numerous functions to be configured accurately on the access point.
Syntax:
show
date-zone
zone-list
set
..
/
save
quit
Shows NTP parameters settings.
Show date, time and time zone.
Displays list of time zones.
Sets NTP parameters.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
For information on configuring NTP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41.
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AP7131>admin(system.ntp)> show
Description:
Displays the NTP server configuration.
Syntax:
show
Shows all NTP server settings.
Example:
admin(system.ntp)>show
current time (UTC)
: 2006-07-31 14:35:20
Time Zone:
ntp mode
: enable
preferred Time server ip
: 203.21.37.18
preferred Time server port
: 123
first alternate server ip
: 203.21.37.19
first alternate server port
: 123
second alternate server ip
: 0.0.0.0
second alternate server port
: 123
synchronization interval
: 15 minutes
For information on configuring NTP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41.
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AP7131>admin(system.ntp)> date-zone
Description:
Show date, time and time zone.
Syntax:
date-zone
Show date, time and time zone.
Example:
admin(system.ntp)>date-zone
Date/Time
: Sat 1970-Jan-03 20:06:22 +0000 UTC
Time Zone
: UTC
For information on configuring NTP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41.
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AP7131>admin(system.ntp)> zone-list
Description:
Displays an extensive list of time zones for countries around the world.
Syntax:
zone-list
Displays list of time zone indexes for every known zone.
Example:
admin(system.ntp)> zone-list
For information on configuring NTP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41.
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AP7131>admin(system.ntp)> set
Description:
Sets NTP parameters for access point clock synchronization.
Syntax:
set mode
server
port
intrvl
<ntp-mode>
<idx> <ip>
<idx> <port>
<period>
time
<time>
zone
<zone>
Enables or disables NTP.
Sets the NTP sever IP address.
Defines the port number.
Defines the clock synchronization interval used between the access point and
the NTP server in minutes (15 - 65535).
Sets the current system time. [yyyy] - year, [mm] - month, [dd] - day of the
month, [hh] - hour of the day, [mm] - minute, [ss] second, [zone -idx] Index of the
zone.
Defines the time zone (by index) for the target country.
Example:
admin(system.ntp)>set mode enable
admin(system.ntp)>set server 1 203.21.37.18
admin(system.ntp)>set port 1 123
admin(system.ntp)>set intrvl 15
admin(system.ntp)>set zone 1
For information on configuring NTP using the applet (GUI), see Configuring Network Time Protocol (NTP) on page 4-41.
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8.4.9 System Log Commands
AP7131>admin(system)> logs
Description:
Displays the access point log submenu. Logging options include:
Syntax:
show
set
view
delete
send
..
/
save
quit
Shows logging options.
Sets log options and parameters.
Views system log.
Deletes the system log.
Sends log to the designated FTP Server.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
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AP7131>admin(system.logs)> show
Description:
Displays the current access point logging settings.
Syntax:
show
Displays the current access point logging configuration.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>show
log level
: L6 Info
syslog server logging
: enable
syslog server ip address
: 192.168.0.102
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-44.
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AP7131>admin(system.logs)> set
Description:
Sets log options and parameters.
Syntax:
set
level
<level>
mode
ipadr
<mode>
<ip>
Sets the level of the events that will be logged. All events with a level at or above <level>
(L0-L7) will be saved to the system log.
L0:Emergency
L1:Alert
L2:Critical
L3:Errors
L4:Warning
L5:Notice
L6:Info (default setting)
L7:Debug
Enables or disables syslog server logging.
Sets the external syslog server IP address to <ip> (a.b.c.d).
admin(system.logs)>set mode enable
admin(system.logs)>set level L4
admin(system.logs)>set ipadr 157.235.112.11
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-44.
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AP7131>admin(system.logs)> view
Description:
Displays the access point system log file.
Syntax:
view
Displays the entire access point system log file.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>view
Jan
7 16:14:00 (none) syslogd 1.4.1: restart (remote reception).
Jan
7 16:14:10 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:14:41 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:15:43 (none) last message repeated 2 times
Jan
7 16:16:01 (none) CC:
4:16pm
7 16:16:01 (none) CC:
Mem:
up 6 days, 16:16, load average: 0.00, 0.01,
0.00
Jan
0
Jan
62384
32520
29864
0
7 16:16:01 (none) CC: 0000077e
e 00000000 00000000
0012e95b 0000d843 00000000 00000003 0000121
0037ebf7 000034dc 00000000 00000000 00000000
Jan
7 16:16:13 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:16:44 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:17:15 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
Jan
7 16:17:15 (none) klogd: :ps log:fc: queue maintenance
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-44.
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AP7131>admin(system.logs)> delete
Description:
Deletes the log files.
Syntax:
delete
Deletes the access point system log file.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>delete
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-44.
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AP7131>admin(system.logs)> send
Description:
Sends log and core file to an FTP Server.
Syntax:
send
Sends the system log file via FTP to a location specified with the set command. Refer to the command set under the
AP7131>admin(config) command for information on setting up an FTP server and login information.
Example:
admin(system.logs)>send
File transfer
: [ In progress ]
File transfer
: [ Done ]
admin(system.logs)>
For information on configuring logging settings using the applet (GUI), see Logging Configuration on page 4-44.
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8.4.10 System Configuration-Update Commands
AP7131>admin(system.config)>
Description:
Displays the access point configuration update submenu.
Syntax:
default
partial
show
set
export
import
..
/
save
quit
Restores the default access point configuration.
Restores a partial default access point configuration.
Shows import/export parameters.
Sets import/export access point configuration parameters.
Exports access point configuration to a designated system.
Imports configuration to the access point.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the configuration to access point system flash.
Quits the CLI.
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AP7131>admin(system.config)> default
Description:
Restores the full access point factory default configuration.
Syntax:
default
Restores the access point to the original (factory) configuration.
Example:
admin(system.config)>default
Are you sure you want to default the configuration? <yes/no>:
For information on importing/exporting access point configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-46.
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AP7131>admin(system.config)> partial
Description:
Restores a partial factory default configuration. The access point’s LAN, WAN and SNMP settings are uneffected by the partial
restore.
Syntax:
default
Restores a partial access point configuration.
Example:
admin(system.config)>partial
Are you sure you want to partially default AP-7131? <yes/no>:
For information on importing/exporting access point configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-46.
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AP7131>admin(system.config)> show
Description:
Displays import/export parameters for the access point configuration file.
Syntax:
show
Shows all import/export parameters.
Example:
admin(system.config)>show
cfg filename
: cfg.txt
cfg filepath
:
ftp/tftp server ip address
: 192.168.0.101
ftp user name
: myadmin
ftp password
: ********
For information on importing/exporting access point configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-46.
8-249
AP7131>admin(system.config)> set
Description:
Sets the import/export parameters.
Syntax:
set
file
path
server
user
passwd
<filename>
<path>
<ipaddress>
<username>
<pswd>
Sets the configuration file name (1 to 39 characters in length).
Defines the path used for the configuration file upload.
Sets the FTP/TFTP server IP address.
Sets the FTP user name (1 to 39 characters in length).
Sets the FTP password (1 to 39 characters in length).
Example:
admin(system.config)>set server 192.168.22.12
admin(system.config)>set user myadmin
admin(system.config>set passwd georges
admin(system.config)>show
cfg filename
: cfg.txt
cfg filepath
:
ftp/tftp server ip address
: 192.168.22.12
ftp user name
: myadmin
ftp password
: *******
For information on importing/exporting access point configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-46.
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AP7131>admin(system.config)> export
Description:
Exports the configuration from the system.
Syntax:
export
ftp
tftp
terminal
Exports the access point configuration to the FTP server. Use the set command to set the server, user,
password, and file name before using this command.
Exports the access point configuration to the TFTP server. Use the set command to set the IP address for the
TFTP server before using the command.
Exports the access point configuration to a terminal.
Example:
Export FTP Example:
admin(system.config)>set server 192.168.22.12
admin(system.config)>set user myadmin
admin(system.config)>set file config.txt
admin(system.config)>set passwd
admin(system.config)>export ftp
Export operation
: [ Started ]
Building configuration file
: [ Done ]
File transfer
: [ In progress ]
File transfer
: [ Done ]
Export Operation
: [ Done ]
Export TFTP Example:
admin(system.config)>set server 192.168.0.101
admin(system.config)>set file config.txt
admin(system.config)>export tftp
!
Export operation
: [ Started ]
Building configuration file
: [ Done ]
File transfer
: [ In progress ]
File transfer
: [ Done ]
Export Operation
: [ Done ]
CAUTION Make sure a copy of the access point’s current configuration is exported (to a secure location) before
exporting the access point’s configuration, as you will want a valid version available in case errors are
encountered with the configuration export.
For information on importing/exporting access point configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-46.
8-251
AP7131>admin(system.config)> import
Description:
Imports the access point configuration to the access point. Errors could display as a result of invaid configuration parameters. Correct
the sepcified lines and import the file again until the import operation is error free.
Syntax:
import ftp
tftp
Imports the access point configuration file from the FTP server. Use the set command to set the server, user,
password, and file.
Imports the access point configuration from the TFTP server. Use the set command to set the server and file.
Example:
Import FTP Example
admin(system.config>set server 192.168.22.12
admin(system.config>set user myadmin
admin(system.config)>set file config.txt
admin(system.config)>set passwd mysecret
admin(system.config)>import ftp
Import operation : [ Started ]
File transfer : [ In progress ]
File transfer : [ Done ]
Import operation : [ Done ]
Import TFTP Example
admin(system.config)>set server 192.168.0.101
admin(system.config)>set file config.txt
admin(system.config)>import tftp
Import operation : [ Started ]
File transfer : [ In progress ]
File transfer : [ Done ]
Import operation : [ Done ]
!
CAUTION A single-radio model access point cannot import/export its configuration to a dual-radio model access
point. In turn, a dual-radio model access point cannot import/export its configuration to a single-radio
access point.
!
CAUTION Motorola discourages importing a 1.0 baseline configuration file to a 1.1 (or later) version access
point. Similarly, a 2.0 baseline configuration file should not be imported to a 1.0 version access point.
Importing configurations between different version access point’s results in broken configurations,
since new features added to the 2.0 version access point cannot be supported in a leagcy version
access point.
For information on importing/exporting access point configurations using the applet (GUI), see Importing/Exporting Configurations on
page 4-46.
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8.4.11 Firmware Update Commands
AP7131>admin(system)>fw-update
Description:
Displays the firmware update submenu. The items available under this command are shown below.
NOTE The access point must complete the reboot process to successfully update the device firmware,
regardless of whether the reboot is conducted uing the GUI or CLI interfaces.
show
set
update
..
/
save
quit
Displays the current access point firmware update settings.
Defines the access point firmware update parameters.
Executes the firmware update.
Goes to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to the access point system flash.
Quits the CLI and exits the current session.
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AP7131>admin(system.fw-update)>show
Description:
Displays the current access point firmware update settings.
Syntax:
show
Shows the current system firmware update settings for the access point.
Example:
admin(system.fw-update)>show
automatic firmware upgrade
automatic config upgrade
firmware filename
firmware path
ftp/tftp server ip address
ftp user name
ftp password
: enable
: enable
: apn.bin
: /tftpboot/
: 168.197.2.2
: jsmith
: *******
For information on updating access point device firmware using the applet (GUI), see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-50.
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AP7131>admin(system.fw-update)>set
Description:
Defines access point firmware update settings and user permissions.
Syntax:
set fw-auto
<mode>
cfg-auto
<mode>
file
path
server
user
passwd
<name>
<path>
<ip>
<name>
<password>
When enabled, updates device firmware each time the firmware versions are found to be
different between the access point and the specified firmware on the remote system.
When enabled, updates device configuration file each time the confif file versions are
found to be different between the access point and the specified LAN or WAN interface.
Defines the firmware file name (1 to 39 characters).
Specifies a path for the file (1 to 39 characters)..
The IP address for the FTP/TFTP server used for the firmware and/or config file update.
Specifies a username for FTP server login (1 to 39 characters)..
Specifies a password for FTP server login (1 to 39 characters).. Default is motorola.
admin(system.fw-update)>set fw-auto enable
admin(system.fw-update)>set cfg-auto enable
admin(system.fw-update)>set file 3.0.0.0-29D
admin(system.fw-update)>set path c:/fw
admin(system.fw-update)>set server 157.235.111.22
admin(system.fw-update)>set user mudskipper
admin(system.fw-update)>set passwd muddy
For information on updating access point device firmware using the applet (GUI), see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-50.
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AP7131>admin(system.fw-update)>update
Description:
Executes the access point firmware update over the WAN or LAN port using either ftp or tftp.
Syntax:
update
<mode><iface> Defines the ftp ot tftp mode used to conduct the firmware update. Specifies whether the
update is executed over the access point’s WAN, LAN1 or LAN2 interface <iface>.
NOTE The access point must complete the reboot process to successfully update the device firmware,
regardless of whether the reboot is conducted uing the GUI or CLI interfaces.
admin(system.fw-update)>update ftp
For information on updating access point device firmware using the applet (GUI), see Updating Device Firmware on page 4-50.
8-256 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
8.5 Statistics Commands
AP7131>admin(stats)
Description:
Displays the access point statistics submenu. The items available under this command are:
show
send-cfg-ap
send-cfg-all
clear
flash-all-leds
echo
ping
..
/
save
quit
Displays access point WLAN, MU, LAN and WAN statistics.
Sends a config file to another access point within the known AP table.
Sends a config file to all access points within the known AP table.
Clears all statistic counters to zero.
Starts and stops the flashing of all access point LEDs.
Defines the parameters for pinging a designated station.
Iniates a ping test.
Moves to the parent menu.
Goes to the root menu.
Saves the current configuration to system flash.
Quits the CLI.
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AP7131>admin(stats)> show
Description:
Displays access point system information.
Syntax:
show
wan
lan
stp
wlan
s-wlan
radio
s-radio
retry-hgram
mu
s-mu
auth-mu
mesh
s-mesh
known-ap
Displays stats for the access point WAN port.
Displays stats for the access point LAN port
Displays LAN Spanning Tree Status
Displays WLAN status and statistics summary.
Displays status and statistics for an individual WLAN
Displays a radio statistics transmit and receive summary.
Displays radio statistics for a single radio
Displays a radio’s retry histogram statistics.
Displays all mobile unit (MU) status.
Displays status and statistics for an individual MU.
Displays single MU Authentication statistics.
Displays Wireless Bridge Statistics statistics summary.
Displays single Wirless Bridge statistics.
Displays a Known AP summary.
For information on displaying WAN port statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing WAN Statistics on page 7-2.
For information on displaying LAN port statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing LAN Statistics on page 7-6.
For information on displaying Wireless statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Wireless Statistics on page 7-12.
For information on displaying individual WLAN statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing WLAN Statistics on page 7-15.
For information on displaying Radio statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Radio Statistics Summary on page 7-18.
For information on displaying MU statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing MU Statistics Summary on page 7-25.
For information on displaying Mesh statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing the Mesh Statistics Summary on page 7-32.
For information on displaying Known AP statistics using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Known Access Point Statistics on page 7-34.
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AP7131>admin(stats)> send-cfg-ap
Description:
Copies the access point’s configuration to another access point within the known AP table.
Syntax:
send-cfg-ap
<index>
Copies the access point’s configuration to the access points within the known AP table. Mesh
configuration attributes do not get copied using this command and must be configured manually.
Example:
admin(stats)>send-cfg-ap 2
admin(stats)>
NOTE The send-cfg-ap command copies all existing configuration parameters except Mesh settings, LAN IP
data, WAN IP data and DHCP Server parameter information.
For information on copying the access point config to another access point using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Known Access Point
Statistics on page 7-34.
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AP7131>admin(stats)> send-cfg-all
Description:
Copies the access point’s configuration to all of the access points within the known AP table.
Syntax:
send-cfg-all
Copies the access point’s configuration to all of the access points within the known AP table.
Example:
admin(stats)>send-cfg-all
admin(stats)>
NOTE The send-cfg-all command copies all existing configuration parameters except Mesh settings, LAN IP
data, WAN IP data and DHCP Server parameter information.
For information on copying the access point config to another access point using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Known Access Point
Statistics on page 7-34.
8-260 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(stats)> clear
Description:
Clears the specified statistics counters to zero to begin new data calculations.
Syntax:
clear
wan
lan
all-rf
all-wlan
wlan
all-radio
radio1
radio2
all-mu
mu
known-ap
Clears WAN statistics counters.
Clears LAN statistics counters for specified LAN index (either clear lan 1 or clear lan 2).
Clears all RF data.
Clears all WLAN summary information.
Clears individual WLAN statistic counters.
Clears access point radio summary information.
Clears statistics counters specific to radio1.
Clears statistics counters specific to radio2.
Clears all MU statistic counters.
Clears MU statistics counters.
Clears Known AP statistic counters.
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AP7131>admin(stats)> flash-all-leds
Description:
Starts and stops the illumination of a specified access point’s LEDs.
Syntax:
flash-all-leds
<index>
<stop/start>
Defines the Known AP index number of the target AP to flash.
Begins or terminates the flash activity.
Example:
admin(stats)>
admin(stats)>flash-all-leds 1 start
Password ********
admin(stats)>flash-all-leds 1 stop
admin(stats)>
For information on flashing access point LEDs using the applet (GUI), see Viewing Known Access Point Statistics on page 7-34.
8-262 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin(stats)> echo
Description:
Defines the echo test values used to conduct a ping test to an associated MU.
Syntax:
show
list
set
start
..
/
quit
Shows the Mobile Unit Statistics Summary.
Defines echo test parameters and result.
Determines echo test packet data.
Begins echoing the defined station.
Goes to parent menu.
Goes to root menu.
Quits CLI session.
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
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AP7131>admin.stats.echo)> show
Description:
Shows Mobile Unit Statistics Summary.
Syntax:
show
Shows Mobile Unit Statistics Summary.
Example:
admin(stats.echo)>show
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Idx
IP Address
MAC Address
WLAN
Radio
T-put
ABS
Retries
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
00:A0F8:72:57:83 demo
11a
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-264 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin.stats.echo)> list
Description:
Lists echo test parameters and results.
Syntax:
list
Lists echo test parameters and results.
Example:
admin(stats.echo)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F8213434
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 10
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 55
admin(stats.echo)>
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-265
AP7131>admin.stats.echo)>set
Description:
Defines the parameters of the echo test.
Syntax:
set
station
request
length
data
<mac>
<num>
<num>
<hex>
Defines MU target MAC address.
Sets number of echo packets to transmit (1-539).
Determines echo packet length in bytes (1-539).
Defines the particular packet data.
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-266 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin.stats.echo)> start
Description:
Initiates the echo test.
Syntax:
start
Initiates the echo test.
Example:
admin(stats.echo)>start
admin(stats.echo)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F843AABB
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 100
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 1
Number of MU Responses
: 2
For information on MU Echo and Ping tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-267
AP7131>admin(stats)> ping
Description:
Defines the ping test values used to conduct a ping test to an AP with the same ESSID.
Syntax:
ping
show
list
set
start
..
/
quit
Shows Known AP Summary details.
Defines ping test packet length.
Determines ping test packet data.
Begins pinging the defined station.
Goes to parent menu.
Goes to root menu.
Quits CLI session.
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-268 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin.stats.ping)> show
Description:
Shows Known AP Summary Details.
Syntax:
show
Shows Known AP Summary Details.
Example:
admin(stats.ping)>show
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Idx
IP Address
MAC Address
MUs
KBIOS
Unit Name
---------------------------------------------------------------------------1
192.168.2.0
00:A0F8:72:57:83
3
0
access point
8-269
AP7131>admin.stats.ping)> list
Description:
Lists ping test parameters and results.
Syntax:
list
Lists ping test parameters and results.
Example:
admin(stats.ping)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F8213434
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 10
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 55
admin(stats.ping)>
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-270 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
AP7131>admin.stats.ping)> set
Description:
Defines the parameters of the ping test.
Syntax:
set
station
request
length
data
Defines the AP target MAC address.
Sets number of ping packets to transmit (1-539).
Determines ping packet length in bytes (1-539).
Defines the particular packet data.
Example:
admin(stats.ping)>set station 00A0F843AABB
admin(stats.ping)>set request 10
admin(stats.ping)>set length 100
admin(stats.ping)>set data 1
admin(stats.ping)>
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-271
AP7131>admin.stats.echo)> start
Description:
Initiates the ping test.
Syntax:
start
Initiates the ping test.
Example:
admin(stats.ping)>start
admin(stats.ping)>list
Station Address
: 00A0F843AABB
Number of Pings
: 10
Packet Length
: 100
Packet Data (in HEX)
: 1
Number of AP Responses
: 2
For information on Known AP tests using the applet (GUI), see Pinging Individual MUs on page 7-30.
8-272 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Configuring Mesh Networking
9.1 Mesh Networking Overview
An AP-7131 can be configured in two modes to support the new mesh networking functionality. The
access point can be set to a client bridge mode and/or a base bridge mode (which accepts
connections from client bridges). Base bridge and client bridge mode can be used at the same time
by an individual access point to optimally bridge traffic to other members of the mesh network and
service associated MUs.
An access point in client bridge mode scans to locate other access points using the WLAP client's
ESSID. Then it is required to go through the association and authentication process to establish
wireless connections with the located devices. This association process is identical to the access
point’s current MU association process. Once the association and authentication process is complete,
the wireless client adds the connection as a port on its bridge module. This causes the client bridge
to begin forwarding packets to the base bridge node. The base bridge realizes it is talking to a
wireless client bridge. It then adds that connection as a port on its own bridge module. The two
bridges at that point are communicating using the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP).
9-2 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
access points configured as both a base and a client bridge function as repeaters to transmit data
with associated MUs in their coverage area (client bridge mode) as well as forward traffic to other
access points in the mesh network (base bridge mode). The number of access points and their
intended function within the mesh network dictate whether they should be configured as base
bridges, client bridges or both (repeaters).
The spanning tree determines the path to the root and detects if the current connection is part of a
network loop with another connection in the system. Each bridge can be configurable so the
administrator can control the spanning tree to define the root bridge and what the forwarding paths
are. Once the spanning tree converges, both access points begin learning which destinations reside
on which side of the network. This allows them to forward traffic intelligently.
After the client bridge establishes at least one wireless connection (if configured to support mobile
users), it begins beaconing and accepting wireless connections. If configured as both a client bridge
and a base bridge, it begin accepting client bridge connections. Therefore, the mesh network could
connect simultaneously to different networks in a manner whereby a network loop is not created and
then the connection is not blocked. Once the client bridge establishes at least one wireless
connection, it begins establishing other wireless connections as it finds them available. Thus, the
client bridge is able to establish simultaneous redundant links.
A mesh network must use one of the two access point LANs. If intending to use the access point for
mesh networking support, Motorola recommends configuring at least one WLAN (of the 16 WLANs
available) specifically for mesh networking support.
The client bridge creates up to three connections if it can find base bridges for connection. If the
connections are redundant (on the same network), then one connection will be forwarding and the
others blocked. However, if each of the connections links to a different wired network, then none are
redundant and all are forwarding. Thus, the bridge automatically detects and disables redundant
connections, but leaves non-redundant connections forwarding. This gives the user the freedom to
configure their topology in a variety of ways without limitations. This is important when configuring
multiple access points for base bridge support in areas like a shipping yard where a large radio
coverage area is required. For more information on configuring the access point in respect to specific
usage scenarios, see Mesh Network Deployment - Quick Setup on page 9-20.
NOTE Since each access point can establish up to 3 simultaneous wireless
connections, some of these connections could be redundant. If this is the
case, the STP algorithm defines which links are the redundant links and
disables those links from forwarding.
Configuring Mesh Networking
If an access point is configured as a base bridge (but not as a client bridge) it operates normally at
boot time. The base bridge supports connections made by other client bridges.
The dual-radio model access point affords users better optimization of the mesh networking feature
by enabling the access point to transmit to other mesh network members using one independent radio
and transmit with associated MUs using the second independent radio. A single-radio access point
has its channel utilization and throughput degraded in a mesh network, as the AP’s single radio must
process both mesh network traffic with other access points and MU traffic with its associated
devices.
!
CAUTION Only Motorola AP-7131, AP-5131 or AP-5181 model access points can
be used as base bridges, client bridges or repeaters within an access
point supported mesh network. If utilizing a mesh network, Motorola
recommends considering a dual-radio model to optimize channel
utilization and throughput.
9.1.1 The AP-7131 Client Bridge Association Process
An access point in client bridge mode performs an active scan to quickly create a table of the access
points nearby. The table contains the access points matching the ESS of the client bridge AP’s WLAN.
The table is used to determine the best access point to connect to (based on signal strength, load and
the user's configured preferred connection list).
The association and authentication process is identical to the MU association process. The client
access point sends 802.11 authentication and association frames to the base access point. The base
access point responds as if the client is an actual mobile unit. Depending on the security policy, the
two access point’s engage in the normal handshake mechanism to establish keys.
After device association, the two access points are connected and the system can establish the
bridge and run the spanning tree algorithm. In the meantime, the access point in client bridge mode
continues to scan in the background attempts to establish an association with other access points
using the same ESS on the same channel.
!
CAUTION An access point is Base Bridge mode logs out whenever a Client
Bridge associates to the Base Bridge over the LAN connection. This
problem is not experienced over the access point’s WAN connection. If
this situation is experienced, log-in to the access point again.
9-3
9-4 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The access point in client bridge mode attempts to establish up to 3 simultaneous wireless
connections. The second and third connections are established in the background while the system
is running. The first connection needs to be established before the system starts bridging traffic.
The dual-radio model access point affords users better optimization of the mesh networking feature
by allowing the access point to transmit to other access points (in base or client bridge mode) using
one independent radio and transmit with its associated MUs using the second independent radio. A
single-radio access point has its channel utilization and throughput degraded in a mesh network, as
the access point’s single radio must process both mesh network traffic with other access points and
MU traffic with its associated devices.
9.1.1.1 Client Bridge Configuration Process Example
In this example, two access points are described with the following configurations:
•
•
AP #1 base bridge
AP #2 repeater (both a base and client bridge)
In the case of a mesh enabled radio, the client bridge configuration always takes precedence over the
base bridge configuration. Therefore, when a radio is configured as a repeater (AP #2), the base
bridge configuration takes effect only after the client bridge connection to AP #1 is established. Thus,
AP #2 keeps scanning to find the base bridge, form the uplink and start beaconing as a base bridge
for downstream client bridge connection. This is by design, as there is no reason to use a partially
broken connection with no uplink to a base bridge.
9.1.2 Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
The access point performs mesh networking using STP as defined in the 802.1d standard.
NOTE The Motorola AP-4131 access point uses a non-standard form of 802.1d
STP, and is therefore not compatible as a base bridge or client bridge
within an access point managed network.
Once device association is complete, the client and base bridge exchange Configuration Bridge
Protocol Data Units (BPDUs) to determine the path to the root. STP also determines whether a given
port is a redundant connection or not.
Configuring Mesh Networking
9.1.3 Defining the Mesh Topology
When a user wants to control how the spanning tree determines client bridge connections, they need
to control the mesh configuration. The user must be able to define one node as the root. Assigning a
base bridge the lowest bridge priority defines it as the root.
NOTE Motorola recommends using the Mesh STP Configuration screen to
define a base bridge as a root. Only advanced users should use the
Advanced Client Bridge Settings screen’s Preferred List to define the mesh
topology, as omitting a bridge from the preferred list could break
connections within the mesh network.
The access point can manipulate the path cost assigned to a bridge connection based on that
connection’s RSSI. This results in the spanning tree selecting the optimal path for forwarding data
when redundant paths exist. However, this can be overridden using the preferred list. When using the
preferred list, the user enters a priority for each bridge, resulting in the selection of the forwarding
link.
Limit the wireless client’s connections to reduce the number of hops required to get to the wired
network. Use each radio’s "preferred" base bridge list to define which access points the client bridge
connects to. For more information, see Configuring Mesh Networking Support on page 9-6.
9.1.4 Mesh Networking and the AP-7131’s Two Subnets
The access point now has a second subnet on the LAN side of the system. This means wireless clients
communicating through the same radio can reside on different subnets. The addition of this feature
adds another layer of complexity to the access point’s mesh networking functionality.
With a second LAN introduced, the LAN’s Ethernet port (and any of the 16 WLANs) could be assigned
to one of two different subnets. From a layer 2 perspective, the system has two different bridge
functionalities, each with its own STP. The WLAN assignment controls the subnet (LAN1 or 2) upon
which a given connection resides. If WLAN2 is assigned to LAN1, and WLAN2 is used to establish a
client bridge connection, then the mesh network connection resides on LAN1.
Therefore, (depending upon the WLAN-to-LAN mapping), the access point could have multiple mesh
connections on either LAN1 or LAN2.
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9-6 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
9.1.5 Normal Operation
Once the mesh network is defined, all normal access point operations are still allowed. MUs are still
allowed to associate with the access point as usual. The user can create WLANs, security polices and
VLANs as with any other access point. DHCP services function normally and all layer 3
communications are allowed.
WNMP is used to send information about each mesh network so information can be displayed to the
user from any access point on the system. WNMP messages are AP-AP info messages used to send
system status.
9.1.6 Impact of Importing/Exporting Configurations to a Mesh Network
When using the access point’s Configuration Import/Export screen to migrate an access point’s
configuration to other access points, mesh network configuration parameters will get sent or saved
to other access points. However, if using the Known AP Statistics screen’s Send Cfg to APs
functionality, “auto-select” and preferred list” settings do not get imported.
!
CAUTION When using the Import/Export screen to import a mesh supported
configuration, do not import a base bridge configuration into an
existing client bridge, as this could cause the mesh configuration
to break.
9.2 Configuring Mesh Networking Support
Configuring the access point for Mesh Bridging support entails:
•
Setting the LAN Configuration for Mesh Networking Support
•
Configuring a WLAN for Mesh Networking Support
•
Configuring the Access Point Radio for Mesh Support.
9.2.1 Setting the LAN Configuration for Mesh Networking Support
At least one of the two access point LANs needs to be enabled and have a mesh configuration defined
to correctly function as a base or client bridge within a mesh network. This section describes the
configuration activities required to define a mesh network’s LAN configuration.
Configuring Mesh Networking
As the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) mentions, each mesh network maintains hello, forward delay and
max age timers. The base bridge defined as the root imposes these settings within the mesh network.
The user does not necessarily have to change these settings, as the default settings will work.
However, Motorola encourages the user to define an access point as a base bridge and root (using
the base bridge priority settings within the Bridge STP Configuration screen). Members of the mesh
network can be configured as client bridges or additional base bridges with a higher priority value.
NOTE For an overview on mesh networking and some of the implications on
using the feature with the access point, see Configuring Mesh
Networking on page 9-1.
To define a LAN’s Mesh STP Configuration:
1.
2.
Select Network Configuration -> LAN from the AP-7131 menu tree.
Enable the LAN used to support the mesh network.
Verify the enabled LAN is named appropriately in respect to its intended function in
supporting the mesh network.
3.
Select Network Configuration -> LAN -> LAN1 or LAN2 from the AP-7131 menu
tree.
4. Click the Mesh STP Configuration button on the bottom off the screen.
5. Define the properties for the following parameters within the mesh network:
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9-8 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Priority
Set the Priority as low as possible for a to force other devices
within the mesh network to defer to this client bridge as the bridge
defining the mesh configuration (commonly referred to as the root).
Motorola recommends assigning a Base Bridge AP with the lowest
bridge priority so it becomes the root in the STP. If a root already
exists, set the Bridge Priorities of new APs accordingly so the root
of the STP doesn't get altered. Each access point starts with a
default bridge priority of 63335.
Maximum Message
age
The Maximum Message age timer is used with the Message
Age timer. The Message Age timer is used to measure the age of
the received protocol information recorded for a port, and to ensure
the information is discarded when it exceeds the value set for the
Maximum Message age timer.
Hello Time
The Hello Time is the time between each bridge protocol data unit
sent. This time is equal to 2 seconds (sec) by default, but you can
tune the time to be between 1 and 10 sec. If you drop the hello time
from 2 sec to 1 sec, you double the number of bridge protocol data
units sent/received by each bridge. The 802.1d specification
recommends the Hello Time be set to a value less than half of the
Max Message age value.
Forward Delay
The Forward Delay is the time spent in the listening and learning
state. This time is equal to 15 sec by default, but you can tune the
time to be between 4 and 30 sec. The 802.1d specification
recommends the Forward Delay be set to a value greater than half
the Max Message age timeout value.
Forwarding Table
Ageout
The Forwarding Table Parameter value defines the length of time
an entry will remain in the a bridge’s forwarding table before being
deleted due to lack of activity. If the entry replenishments a
destination generating continuous traffic, this timeout value will
never be invoked. However, if the destination becomes idle, the
timeout value represents the length of time that must be exceeded
before an entry is deleted from the forwarding table.
6.
Click OK to return to either the LAN1 or LAN2 screen where updates to the Mesh STP
Configuration can be saved by clicking the Apply button.
7. Click Cancel to discard the changes made to the Mesh STP Configuration and return to
the LAN1 or LAN2 screen. Once the Mesh STP Configuration is defined, the access
point’s radio can be configured for base and/or client bridge support.
Configuring Mesh Networking
9.2.2 Configuring a WLAN for Mesh Networking Support
Each access point comprising a particular mesh network is required to be a member of the same
WLAN. Therefore, each base bridge, client bridge or repeater within the mesh network must use the
same WLAN in order to share the same ESSID, radio designation, security policy, MU ACL and Quality
of Service policy. If intending to use the access point for mesh networking support, Motorola
recommends configuring at least one WLAN (of the 16 WLANs available) specifically for mesh
networking support.
To define the attributes of the WLAN shared by the members of the mesh network:
1. Select Network Configuration -> Wireless from the AP-7131 menu tree.
The Wireless Configuration screen displays with those existing WLANs displayed within
the table.
2. Select the Create button to configure a new WLAN specifically to support mesh
networking.
An existing WLAN can be modified (or used as is) for mesh networking support by selecting
it from the list of available WLANs and clicking the Edit button.
9-9
9-10 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
3.
Assign an ESSID and Name to the WLAN that each access point will share when using
this WLAN within their mesh network.
Motorola recommends assigning a unique name to a WLAN supporting a mesh network
to differentiate it from WLANs defined for non mesh support. The name assigned to the
WLAN is what is selected from the Radio Configuration screen for use within the
mesh network.
Configuring Mesh Networking
NOTE It is possible to have different ESSID and WLAN assignments within a
single mesh network (one set between the Base Bridge and repeater and
another between the repeater and Client Bridge). However, for ease of
management and to not waste network bandwidth, Motorola
recommends using the same ESSID across the entire mesh network.
4.
Use the Available On checkboxes to specify the access point radio(s) used with the
target WLAN within the mesh network.
The Available On checkboxes are for making this WLAN available for base bridges or
repeaters to connect to. The Available On checkbox should only be selected for a mesh
WLAN if this target access point is to be configured as a base bridge or repeater on the
radio. If the WLAN is to be defined for client bridge support only, the Available On
checkbox should not be selected. Instead, it only needs to have the Enable Client Bridge
Backhaul option selected.
5.
Use the Maximum MUs field to define the number of MUs allowed to associate with
this WLAN. This number should be defined based on the number of client bridge and
repeaters within this mesh network. This value can be increased as the mesh network
grows and devices are added.
Only advanced users should define the number of devices allowed to associate with the
WLAN, as setting the value too low could restrict devices from joining an expanding
mesh network, and setting it too high could prohibit other WLANs from granting access
to the all the devices needed.
6.
7.
Select the Enable Client Bridge Backhaul checkbox to make this WLAN available in
the Mesh Network Name drop-down menu within the Radio Configuration screen.
Only WLANs defined for mesh networking support should have this checkbox selected,
in order to keep the list of WLANs available (within the Radio Configuration screen)
restricted to just WLANs configured specifically with mesh attributes.
Refer to the Security Policy drop-down menu to select the security policy used within
this WLAN and mesh network.
A security policy for a mesh network should be configured carefully since the data
protection requirements within a mesh network differ somewhat compared to a typical
wireless LAN. No Encryption is a bad idea in a mesh network, since mesh networks
are typically not guest networks, wherein public assess is more important than data
protection. Motorola also discourages user-based authentication schemes such as
Kerberos and 802.1x EAP, as these authentication schemes are not supported within a
mesh network.
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9-12 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
If none of the existing policies are suitable, select the Create button to the right of the
Security Policy drop-down menu and configure a policy suitable for the mesh
network. For information on configuring a security using the authentication and
encryption techniques available to the
access point, see Enabling Authentication and Encryption Schemes on page 6-5.
8.
ACL policies should be configured to allow or deny a range of MAC addresses from
interoperating with the WLAN used with the mesh network. ACLs should be defined
based on the client bridge and repeater (an access point defined as both a base and
client bridge) association requirements within the mesh network.
For information on defining an ACL for use with the WLAN assigned to the mesh
network, see Configuring a WLAN Access Control List (ACL) on page 5-38.
NOTE The Kerberos User Name and Kerberos Password fields can be
ignored, as Kerberos is not supported as a viable authentication scheme
within a mesh network.
9. Select the Disallow MU to MU Communication checkbox to restrict MUs from
interacting with each other both within this WLAN, as well as other WLANs.
Selecting this option could be a good idea, if restricting device “chatter” improves mesh
network performance. If base bridges and client bridges are added at any given time to
extent the coverage are of a mesh network, the data going back and forth amongst just
those radios could be compromised by network interference. Adding mesh device traffic
could jeopardize network throughput. If however, MU to MU communication is central
to the organization (for example, scanners sharing data entry information) then this
checkbox should remain unselected.
Configuring Mesh Networking
10. Select the Use Secure Beacon checkbox to not transmit the ESSID amongst the
access points and devices within the mesh network. If a hacker tries to find an ESSID
via an MU, the access point’s ESSID does not display since the ESSID is not in the
beacon. Motorola recommends keeping the option enabled to reduce the likelihood of
hacking into the WLAN.
11. Select the Accept Broadcast ESSID checkbox to associate an MU that has a blank
ESSID (regardless of which ESSID the access point is currently using). Traffic within a
mesh network probably consists of known devices, so you may want to leave the
checkbox unselected and configure each MU with an ESSID. The default is selected.
However, for WLANs used within a mesh network, Motorola recommends unselecting
this option as it would prevent the AP from answering to blank ESSID probes from other
mobile units.
12. If there are certain requirements for the types of data proliferating the mesh network,
select an existing policy or configure a new QoS policy best suiting the requirements of
the mesh network. To define a new QoS policy, select the Create button to the right of
the Quality Of Service Policy drop-down menu.
For detailed information on configuring a QoS policy, see
Setting the WLAN Quality of Service (QoS) Policy on page 5-41.
13. Click Apply to save the changes made to the mesh network configured WLAN.
An access point radio is now ready to be configured for use with this newly created
mesh WLAN.
9.2.3 Configuring the Access Point Radio for Mesh Support
An access point radio intended for use within a mesh network requires configuration attributes
unique from a radio intended for non-mesh support.This section describes how to configure an access
point radio for mesh network support.
9-13
9-14 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
To configure the access point radio for mesh networking support:
NOTE The dual-radio model access point affords users better optimization of the
mesh network feature by allowing the access point to transmit to other
access points (in base or client bridge mode) using one independent radio
and transmit with its associated devices using the second independent
radio. A single-radio access point has its channel utilization and
throughput degraded in a mesh network, as the AP’s single radio must
process both mesh network traffic with other access points and MU traffic
with its associated devices.
1.
Select Network Configuration -> Wireless -> Radio Configuration from the AP-7131
menu tree.
2. Enable the radio(s) using the Enable checkbox(es) for both Radio 1 and Radio 2.
Refer to RF Band of Operation parameter to ensure you are enabling the correct
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n radio. After the settings are applied within this Radio
Configuring Mesh Networking
Configuration screen, the Radio Status and MUs connected values update. If this is an
existing radio within a mesh network, these values update in real-time.
!
CAUTION If a radio is disabled, be careful not to accidentally configure a new
WLAN, expecting the radio to be operating when you have forgotten it
was disabled.
3. Select the Base Bridge checkbox to allow the access point radio to accept client bridge
connections from other access points in client bridge mode. The base bridge is the acceptor
of mesh network data from those client bridges within the mesh network and never the
initiator.
!
CAUTION A problem could arise if a Base Bridge’s Indoor channel is not
available on an Outdoor Client Bridge's list of available channels. As
long as an Outdoor Client Bridge has the Indoor Base Bridge channel
in its available list of channels, it can associate to the Base Bridge.
4. If the Base Bridge checkbox has been selected, use the Max# Client Bridges parameter
to define the client bridge load on a particular base bridge.
The maximum number of client bridge connections per access point radio is 12, with 24
representing the maximum for dual-radio models.
!
CAUTION An access point in Base Bridge mode logs out whenever a Client
Bridge associates to the Base Bridge over the LAN connection. This
problem is not experienced over the access point’s WAN connection. If
this situation is experienced, log-in to the access point again.
Once the settings within the Radio Configuration screen are applied (for an initial
deployment), the current number of client bridge connections for this specific radio displays
within the CBs Connected field. If this is an existing radio within a mesh network, this
value updates in real-time.
5. Select the Client Bridge checkbox to enable the access point radio to initiate client bridge
connections with other mesh network supported access points radios on the same WLAN.
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9-16 AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
If the Client Bridge checkbox has been selected, use the Mesh Network Name drop-down
menu to select the WLAN (ESS) the client bridge uses to establish a wireless link. The
default setting, is (WLAN1). Motorola recommends creating (and naming) a WLAN
specifically for mesh networking support to differentiate the Mesh supported WLAN from
non-Mesh supported WLANs. For more information, see Configuring a WLAN for Mesh
Networking Support on page 9-9
Once the settings within the Radio Configuration screen are applied (for an initial
deployment), the current number of base bridges visible to the radio displays within the BBs
Visible field, and the number of base bridges currently connected to the radio displays
within the BBs Connected field. If this is an existing radio within a mesh network, these
values update in real-time.
NOTE Ensure you have verified the radio configuration for both Radio 1 and
Radio 2 before saving the existing settings and exiting the Radio
Configuration screen.v
6. Click the Advanced button to define a prioritized list of access points to define mesh
connection links.
7. Select the Automatic Link Selection checkbox to allow the access point to select the links
used by the client bridge to populate the mesh network. Selecting this checkbox prohibits
Configuring Mesh Networking
the user from selecting the order base bridges are added to the mesh network when one of
the three associated base bridges becomes unavailable.
NOTE Auto link selection is based on the RSSI and load. The client bridge will
select the best available link when the Automatic Link Selection
checkbox is selected. Motorola recommends you do not disable this
option, as (when enabled) the access point will select the best base
bridge for connection.
8. Refer to the Available Base Bridge List to view devices located by the access point using
the WLAN selected from the Radio Configuration screen. Refer the following for information
on located base bridges:
MAC
The MAC field displays the factory set hard-coded MAC address
that serves as a device identifier.
RSSI
The Relative Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) displays the located
device’s signal strength with the associated access point in client
bridge mode. Use this information as criteria on whether to move a
particular device from the available list to the preferred list.
CHANN
The CHANN displays the name of the channel that both the
access point and base bridge use. A client bridge can only connect
to access points (Base Bridges) on the same channel. If the user
selects multiple base bridges on different channels, the access
point will only be able to connect to those bridges on the same
channel and the others will not be able to join this particular mesh
network.
9. Click Refresh at any time to update the list of available Base Bridge devices available to the
access point.
10. Use the >> button to move a selected base bridge MAC address from Available Base Bridge
List
11. Refer to the Preferred Base Bridge List for a prioritized list of base bridges the mesh
network’s client bridge uses to extend the mesh network’s coverage area and potentially
provide redundant links. If a device does not appear on the Available Base Bridge List, there
is no" way it can be moved to Preferred Base Bridge List as the device has not yet been
"seen." However, if you know the MAC Address corresponding to that Base Bridge, you can
add that to the Preferred List using the add button.
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12. Highlight a MAC address from the Preferred Base Bridge List and click the Up button to
assign that device’s MAC address a higher priority and a greater likelihood of joining the
mesh network if an association with another device is lost.
If a MAC address is not desirable as others but still worthy of being on the preferred list,
select it, and click the Down button to decrease its likelihood of being selected as a member
of the mesh network.
13. If a device MAC address is on the Preferred Base Bridge List and constitutes a threat as a
potential member of the mesh network (poor RSSI etc.), select it and click the Remove
button to exclude it from the preferred list.
If all of the members of the Preferred Base Bridge List constitute a risk as a member of the
mesh network, click the Remove All button. This is not recommended unless the preferred
list can be re-populated with more desirable device MAC addresses from the Available Base
Bridge List.
14. Click Ok to return to the Radio Configuration screen. Within the Radio Configuration screen,
click Apply to save any changes made within the Advanced Client Bridge Settings screen.
15. Click Cancel to undo any changes made within the Advanced Client Bridge Settings screen.
This reverts all settings for the screen to the last saved configuration.
16. If using a dual-radio model access point, refer to the Mesh Timeout drop-down menu (from
within the Radio Configuration screen) to define whether one of the access point’s radio’s
beacons on an existing WLAN or if a client bridge radio uses an uplink connection. The Mesh
Timeout value is not available on a single-radio access point, since the radio would have to
stop beaconing and go into scan mode to determine if a base bridge uplink is lost. The
following drop-down menu options are available:
Disabled
When disabled, both radios are up at boot time and beaconing. If
one radio (radio 1) does not have a mesh connection, the other
radio (radio 2) is not affected. Radio 2 continues to beacon and
associate MUs, but MU's can only communicate amongst
themselves using the access point. Disabled is the default value.
Upload Detect
When Uplink Detect is selected, the access point only boots up the
radio configured as a client bridge. The access point boots up the
second radio as soon as the first mesh connection is established.
However, if the client bridge radio loses its uplink connection, the
second radio shuts down immediately.
Configuring Mesh Networking
Enabled
If the mesh connection is down on one radio (radio 1), the other
radio (radio 2) is brought down and stops beaconing after the
timeout period (45 seconds). This allows the client bridge (radio 1)
to roam without dropping the MU's associated to radio 2. The
disadvantage is that radio 2 may beacon for the 45 second timeout
period and have to drop associated MU's because radio 1 could not
establish its uplink.
NOTE The Mesh Time Out variable overrides the Ethernet Port Time Out (EPTO)
setting on the LAN page when the access point is in bridge mode. As long
as the mesh is down, the access point acts in accordance to the Mesh
Time Out setting regardless of the state of the Ethernet. However, if the
Ethernet goes down and the mesh link is still up, the EPTO takes effect.
17. Click Apply to save any changes to the Radio Configuration screen. Navigating away from
the screen without clicking Apply results in all changes to the screens being lost.
!
CAUTION When defining a Mesh configuration and changes are saved, the
mesh network temporarily goes down. The mesh network is
unavailable because the access point radio goes down when applying
the changes. This can be problematic for users making changes within
a deployed mesh network. If updating the mesh network using a LAN
connection, the access point applet loses connection and the
connection must be re-instated. If updating the mesh network using a
WAN connection, the applet does not lose connection, but the mesh
network is unavailable until the changes have been applied.
18. Click Undo Changes (if necessary) to undo any changes made. Undo Changes reverts the
settings displayed on the Radio Configuration screen to the last saved configuration.
19. Click Logout to securely exit the access point applet. A prompt displays confirming the
logout before the applet is closed.
Once the target radio has been enabled from the Radio Configuration screen, configure
the radio’s properties by selecting it from the AP-7131 menu tree.
For additional information on configuring the access point’s radio, see Configuring the
802.11a/n or 802.11b/g/n Radio on page 5-57. For two fictional deployment scenarios, see
Mesh Network Deployment - Quick Setup on page 9-20.
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9.3 Mesh Network Deployment - Quick Setup
This section provides instructions on how to quickly setup and demonstrate mesh functionality using
three access points. Two following two deployment scenarios will be addressed:
•
•
Scenario 1 - Two base bridges (redundant) and one client bridge
Scenario 2 - A two hop mesh network with a base bridge, repeater (combined base bridge
and client bridge mode) and a client bridge.
9.3.1 Scenario 1 - Two Base Bridges and One Client Bridge
In scenario 1, the following three access point configurations will be deployed within the mesh
network:
•
•
•
AP#1 - An active base bridge
AP#2 - A redundant base bridge
AP#3 - A client bridge connecting to both AP#1 and AP#2 simultaneously.
AP#1 and AP#2 will be configured somewhat the same. However there are some important (yet
subtle) differences. Therefore, the configuration of each access point will be described separately.
9.3.1.1 Configuring AP#1:
1. Provide a known IP address for the LAN1 interface.
Configuring Mesh Networking
NOTE Enable the LAN1 Interface of AP#1 as a DHCP Server if you intend to
associate MUs and require them to obtain an IP address via DHCP.
2. Assign a Mesh STP Priority of 40000 to LAN1 Interface.
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3. Define a mesh supported WLAN.
4. Enable base bridge functionality on the 802.11a/n radio (Radio 2).
Configuring Mesh Networking
5. Define a channel of operation for the 802.11a/n radio.
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6. If needed, create another WLAN mapped to the 802.11b/g/n radio if 802.11b/g/n support is
required for MUs on that 802.11 band.
Configuring Mesh Networking
9.3.1.2 Configuring AP#2
AP#2 can be configured the same as AP#1 with the following exceptions:
•
•
Assign an IP Address to the LAN1 Interface different than that of AP#1
Assign a higher Mesh STP Priority 50000 to the AP#2 LAN1 Interface.
NOTE In a typical deployment, each base bridge can be configured for a Mesh
STP Priority of 50000. In this example, different values are used to force
AP#1 to be the forwarding link since it's a small mesh network (of only
three APs) with AP within close proximity of one another.
NOTE Ensure AP#1 and AP#2 use the same channel for each 802.11a/n radio, or
the APs will not be able to “hear” each other over different channels.
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9.3.1.3 Configuring AP#3
To define the configuration for AP#3 (a client bridge connecting to both AP#1 and AP#2
simultaneously):
1. Provide a known IP address for the LAN1 interface.
2. Assign the maximum value (65535) for the Mesh STP Priority.
Configuring Mesh Networking
3. Create a mesh supported WLAN with the Enable Client Bridge Backhaul option
selected.
NOTE This WLAN should not be mapped to any radio. Therefore, leave both of
the “Available On” radio options unselected.
4. Select the Client Bridge checkbox to enable client bridge functionality on the 802.11a/n
radio. Use the Mesh Network Name drop-down menu to select the name of the WLAN
created in step 3.
NOTE You don't need to configure channel settings on the client bridge (AP#3). It
automatically finds the base bridges (AP#1 and AP#2) and uses the
channel assigned to them.
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5. If needed, create another WLAN mapped to the 802.11b/g/n radio if 802.11b/g/n support is
required for MUs on that 802.11 band.
9.3.1.4 Verifying Mesh Network Functionality for Scenario #1
You now have a three AP mesh network ready to demonstrate. Associate a single MU on each AP
WLAN configured for 802.11b/g/n radio support. Once completed, pass traffic among the three APs
comprising the mesh network.
Configuring Mesh Networking
9.3.2 Scenario 2 - Two Hop Mesh Network with a Base Bridge
Repeater and a Client Bridge
By default, the mesh algorithm runs an automatic link selection algorithm to determine the best
possible active and redundant links. If member APs are not far apart (in physical distance), the
algorithm intelligently chooses a single hop link to forward data. To force APs to use multiple hops
for demonstrations, use manual links.
In scenario 2, the following three AP configurations comprise the mesh network:
•
•
•
AP#1 is a base bridge
AP#2 is a repeater (client bridge/base bridge combination)
AP#3 is a client b ridge
9.3.2.1 Configuring AP#1
The setup of AP#1 within this usage scenario is exactly the same as the AP#1 configuration within
Scenario 1 - Two Base Bridges and One Client Bridge for step by step instructions for configuring
AP#1, see Configuring AP#1: on page 9-20. Once completed, return to
Configuring AP#2 on page 9-30 within this section.
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9.3.2.2 Configuring AP#2
AP#2 requires the following modifications from AP#2 in the previous scenario to function in base
bridge/client bridge repeater mode.
1. Enable client bridge backhaul on the mesh supported WLAN.
Configuring Mesh Networking
2. Enable client and base bridge functionality on the 802.11a/n radio
9.3.2.3 Configuring AP#3
To define AP #3’s configuration:
1. The only change needed on AP#3 (with respect to the configuration used in scenario #1), is
to disable the Auto Link Selection option.
Click the Advanced button within the Mesh Client Bridge Settings field.
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2. Add the 802.11a/n Radio MAC Address.
In scenario #2, the mesh WLAN is mapped to BSS1 on the 802.11a/n radio if each AP. The
Radio MAC Address (the BSSID#1 MAC Address) is used for the AP#2 Preferred Base Bridge
List. Ensure both the AP#1 and AP#2 Radio MAC Addresses are in the Available Base Bridge
List. Add the AP#2 MAC Address into the Preferred Base Bridge List.
3. Determine the Radio MAC Address and BSSID MAC Addresses.
Configuring Mesh Networking
9.3.2.4 Verifying Mesh Network Functionality for Scenario #2
You now have a three AP demo multi-hop mesh network ready to demonstrate. Associate an
MU on the WLANs configured on the 802.11b/g/n radio for each AP and pass traffic among
the members of the mesh network.
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9.4 Mesh Networking Frequently Asked Questions
The following scenarios represent issues that could be encountered and resolved when defining an
AP-7131 supported mesh configuration:
Mesh Deployment Issue 1 - Client Bridge can only connect to one of two Base
Bridges
You have two access points configured as base bridges (AP1, AP2) and one access point defined as
a as a client bridge (AP3). However, the client bridge is able to connect to only one of the base bridges.
Resolution
Check the mesh backhaul radio channel configuration on both base bridges (AP1, AP2). They need to
use the same channel so the client bridge can connect to both simultaneously.
Mesh Deployment Issue 2 - Faulty Client Bridge Connectivity
You have configured three access points in mesh mode; one base bridge (AP1), one client bridge/base
bridge (AP2) and one client bridge (AP3). However, the client bridge (AP3) is connecting to both AP1
and AP2 and using its link to base bridge (AP1) to forward traffic.
Resolution
This is valid behavior, you see this when your mesh APs are close enough (in proximity) so the client
bridge can see both the base bridges (AP1, AP2), in which case it forms two links, one each to AP1
and AP2. Since the link to AP1 is the shortest path in terms of number of hops, AP3 uses that link to
forward traffic.
Mesh Deployment Issue 3 - Cannot select a WLAN name for a Client Bridge
You created a WLAN for mesh backhaul on an AP needed as a client bridge, but you don't get to select
the WLAN name in the Mesh Network Name drop down menu. Why?
Resolution
Check the WLAN configuration to ensure you have enabled the Enable Client Bridge Backhaul
option.
Configuring Mesh Networking
Mesh Deployment Issue 4 - Do I need to map a WLAN to a radio when configuring
mesh backhaul on a Client Bridge?
When creating a mesh backhaul WLAN on a client bridge only AP, do you need to map the WLAN on
a radio?
Resolution
No, a client bridge only AP behaves just like an MU! It scans for base bridges and forms connections
to them. It doesn't need to beacon on that WLAN. Therefore, while creating a mesh backhaul WLAN
on a client bridge only AP, just enable the Enable Client Bridge Backhaul option.
Mesh Deployment Issue 5 - Do I need to use secure beacons on a mesh backhaul
supported WLAN?
Can I use secure beacons on the mesh backhaul supported WLAN?
Resolution
Yes, you can enable a secure beacon on a mesh backhaul supported WLAN. In fact, it is a Motorola
recommended practice.
Mesh Deployment Issue 6 - Is my mesh topology complete?
How can I determine if all my mesh APs are connected and the mesh topology is complete?
Resolution
Each mesh AP has a Known AP Table (available in the applet, CLI and SNMP). All APs (whether they
are supporting mesh or not) periodically exchange ID messages notifying their presence to one
another. Review the Known AP Table on any mesh supported AP to determine if you have all required
APs connected to the mesh topology.
Mesh Deployment Issue 7 - Can MUs roam within a mesh topology?
Can MUs connected to a mesh AP roam seemlessly among other MUs and wired access points?
Resolution
Yes, MUs on a mesh APs can roam seemlessly throughout the mesh network as well as with
non-mesh access points on the wired network.
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Mesh Deployment Issue 8 - Can I mesh between an AP-7131, AP-5131 and an
AP-5181?
Can I mesh between these three models?
Resolution
Yes, the access points are fairly close from a software deployment standpoint. So it is a supported
configuration for three models to exist in a single topology.
Mesh Deployment Issue 9 - Can I mesh between and an access point and an AP300?
Can I mesh between an AP-7131, AP-5131, AP-5181 and an AP300 model access port?
Resolution
No, an AP300 does not support mesh networking, so you won't be able to mesh between two AP300s
or between an AP300 and an AP-7131, AP-5131 or AP-5181.
Mesh Deployment Issue 10 - Can I mesh between an AP-7131, AP-5131/AP-5181 and
an AP-4131?
Can I mesh between an AP-7131, AP-5131, AP-5181 and a legacy AP-4131 model access point?
Resolution
No, an AP-4131 only supports wireless bridging like Cisco IOS APs. Consequently, an AP-4131 is not
compatible with an AP-7131, AP-5131 or AP-5181 supported mesh deployment.
Mesh Deployment Issue 11 - Can I update firmware/configuration files across a
mesh backhaul?
Can I update device firmware over the mesh backhaul on a client bridge or repeater AP with no wired
connectivity?
Resolution
Yes, an AP-7131, AP-5131 and AP-5181 all support wireless firmware updates.
Mesh Deployment Issue 12 - Can I perform firmware/configuration file updates
with DHCP options?
Can I use the AP’s Automatic Firmware/Configuration update functionalities with DHCP Options on
the AP for mesh nodes as well?
Configuring Mesh Networking
Resolution
Yes, mesh nodes also support Automatic Firmware/Configuration updates using DHCP Options. Make
sure you create DHCP reservations for each mesh node and add an appropriate configuration file to
each one of them. If you don’t, the base bridge configuration file could get applied on a client bridge
or repeater and you will loose connectivity to that AP.
Mesh Deployment Issue 13 - Why do I lose connectivity when updating
configurations?
When I make a configuration change and apply the changes on a client bridge or repeater, I
momentarily loose connectivity to that AP, why?
Resolution
That is expected behavior, when you make a configuration change on a mesh supported AP, it brings
the radio driver down and then back up again. Consequently, the AP needs to re-establish its mesh
connection after saving the configuration.
Mesh Deployment Issue 14 - Will an existing client bridge see a new base bridge
or repeater?
If I add a new base bridge or repeater to an existing mesh topology, will my current client bridges see
it and connect to it?
Resolution
Yes, all client bridges perform periodic background scanning - both passively (by sniffing the air for
beacons) and actively (by sending Probe Requests). Therefore, a client bridge automatically detects
the presence of a new base bridge or repeater added to the mesh network topology and forms a seam
less connection without affecting current operation.
Mesh Deployment Issue 15 - Can a mesh supported AP react to changing RF
conditions?
If RF conditions change, will a mesh supported AP automatically detect and re-route traffic on its
backup link or look for new links if all current links are exhausted?
Resolution
Yes, all mesh nodes have built in dynamic link switching and auto-recovery mechanisms that ensure
they adapt to changing RF conditions.
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Adaptive AP
10.1 Adaptive AP Overview
An adaptive AP (AAP) is an AP-7131 access point that can adopt like an AP300 (L3). The management
of an AAP is conducted by the switch, once the access point connects to a Motorola WS5100,
RFS6000 or RFS7000 model switch and receives its AAP configuration.
An AAP provides:
•
•
•
•
local 802.11 traffic termination
local encryption/decryption
local traffic bridging
the tunneling of centralized traffic to the wireless switch
An AAP’s switch connection can be secured using IP/UDP or IPSec depending on whether a secure
WAN link from a remote site to the central site already exists.
The switch can be discovered using one of the following mechanisms:
•
•
•
DHCP
Switch fully qualified domain name (FQDN)
Static IP addresses
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The benefits of an AAP deployment include:
•
•
•
•
Centralized Configuration Management & Compliance - Wireless configurations across
distributed sites can be centrally managed by the wireless switch or cluster.
WAN Survivability - Local WLAN services at a remote sites are unaffected in the case of a
WAN outage.
Securely extend corporate WLAN's to stores for corporate visitors - Small home or office
deployments can utilize the feature set of a corporate WLAN from their remote location.
Maintain local WLAN's for in store applications - WLANs created and supported locally can
be concurrently supported with your existing infrastructure.
10.1.1 Where to Go From Here
Refer to the following for a further understanding of AAP operation:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Adaptive AP Management
Licensing
Switch Discovery
Securing a Configuration Channel Between Switch and AP
Adaptive AP WLAN Topology
Configuration Updates
Securing Data Tunnels between the Switch and AAP
Adaptive AP Switch Failure
Remote Site Survivability (RSS)
Adaptive Mesh Support
For an understanding of how AAP support should be configured for the access point and its connected
switch, see How the AP Receives its Adaptive Configuration on page 10-10.
For an overview of how to configure both the access point and switch for basic AAP connectivity and
operation, see Establishing Basic Adaptive AP Connectivity on page 10-12.
To configure the access point’s switch discovery method and connection medium, see
Adaptive AP Setup on page 4-8.
Adaptive AP
10.1.2 Adaptive AP Management
An AAP can be adopted, configured and managed like a thin access port from the wireless switch.
NOTE To support AAP functionality, a WS5100 model switch must be running
firmware version 3.1 or higher, whereas a RFS6000 or RFS7000 model
switch must be running firmware version 1.1 or higher. The access point
must running firmware version 2.0 or higher to be converted into an AAP.
NOTE An AAP cannot support a firmware download from the wireless switch.
Once an access point connects to a switch and receives its AAP configuration, its WLAN and radio
configuration is similar to a thin access port. An AAP's radio mesh configuration can also be
configured from the switch. However, non-wireless features (DHCP, NAT, Firewall etc.) cannot be
configured from the switch and must be defined using the access point's resident interfaces before
its conversion to an AAP.
10.1.3 Licensing
An AAP uses the same licensing scheme as a thin access port. This implies an existing license
purchased with a switch can be used for an AAP deployment. Regardless of how many AP300
and/or AAPs are deployed, you must ensure the license used by the switch supports the number of
radio ports (both AP300s and AAPs) you intend to adopt.
10.1.4 Switch Discovery
For an AP-7131 to function as an AAP (regardless of mode), it needs to connect to a switch to receive
its configuration. There are two methods of switch discovery:
•
•
Auto Discovery using DHCP
Manual Adoption Configurationv
NOTE To support switch discovery, a WS5100 model switch must be running
firmware version 3.1 or higher, whereas a RFS6000 or RFS7000 model
switch must be running firmware version 1.1 or higher. The access point
must running firmware version 2.0 or higher.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
10.1.4.1 Auto Discovery using DHCP
Extended Global Options 189, 190, 191, 192 can be used or Embedded Option 43 - Vendor Specific
options can be embedded in Option 43 using the vendor class identifier: MotorolaAP.71xx-V3-2-0.
Code
Data Type
List of Switch IP addresses
(separate by comma, semi-colon, or space delimited)
188
String
Switch FQDN
190
String
AP-7131 Encryption IPSec Passphrase (Hashed) **
191
String
AP-7131 switch discovery mode
1 = auto discovery enable
2 = auto discover enabled (using IPSec)
192
String
** The AP-7131 uses an encryption key to hash passphrases and security keys. To obtain the
encryption passphrase, configure an AP-7131 with the passphrase and export the configuration file.
Adaptive AP
10.1.4.2 Manual Adoption Configuration
A manual switch adoption of an AAP can be conducted using:
•
•
Static FQDN - A switch fully qualified domain name can be specified to perform a DNS
lookup and switch discovery.
Static IP addresses - Up to 12 switch IP addresses can be manually specified in an ordered
list the AP can choose from. When providing a list, the AAP tries to adopt based on the order
in which they are listed (from 1-12).
NOTE An AAP can use it's LAN or WAN Ethernet interface to adopt. The LAN is
PoE and DHCP enabled by default.
The WAN has no PoE support and has a default static AP address of 10.1.1.1/8.
10.1.5 Securing a Configuration Channel Between Switch and AP
Once an access point obtains a list of available switches, it begins connecting to each. The switch
can be either on the LAN or WAN side of the access point to provide flexibility in the deployment of
the network. If the switch is on the access point’s LAN, ensure the LAN subnet is on a secure channel.
The AP will connect to the switch and request a configuration.
10.1.6 Adaptive AP WLAN Topology
An AAP can be deployed in the following WLAN topologies:
•
•
•
Extended WLANs - Extended WLANs are the centralized WLANs created on the switch
Independent WLANs - Independent WLANs are local to an AAP and can be configured from
the switch. You must specify a WLAN as independent to stop traffic from being forwarded
to the switch. Independent WLANs behave like WLANs on a standalone access point.
Both - Extended and independent WLANs are configured from the switch and operate
simultaneously.
NOTE For a review of some important considerations impacting the use of
extended and independent WLANs within an AAP deployment, see
Adaptive AP Deployment Considerations on page 10-18.
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10.1.7 Configuration Updates
An AAP receives its configuration from the switch initially as part of its adoption sequence.
Subsequent configuration changes on the switch are reflected on an AAP when applicable.
An AAP applies the configuration changes it receives from the switch after 30 seconds from the last
received switch configuration message. When the configuration is applied on the AAP, the radios
shutdown and re-initialize (this process takes less than 2 seconds) forcing associated MUs to be
deauthenticated. MUs are quickly able to associate.
10.1.8 Securing Data Tunnels between the Switch and AAP
If a secure link (site-to-site VPN) from a remote site to the central location already exists, the AAP
does not require IPSec be configured for adoption.
For sites with no secure link to the central location, an AAP can be configured to use an IPSec tunnel
(with AES 256 encryption) for adoption. The tunnel configuration is automatic on the AAP side and
requires no manual VPN policy be configured. On the switch side, configuration updates are required
to adopt the AAP using an IPSec tunnel.
To review a sample AAP configuration, see Sample Switch Configuration File for IPSec and
Independent WLAN on page 10-19.
10.1.9 Adaptive AP Switch Failure
In the event of a switch failure, an AAP's independent WLAN continues to operate without disruption.
The AAP attempts to connect to other switches (if available) in background. Extended WLANs are
disabled once switch adoption is lost. When a new switch is discovered and a connection is secured,
an extended WLAN can be enabled.
If a new switch is located, the AAP synchronizes its configuration with the located switch once
adopted. If Remote Site Survivability (RSS) is disabled, the independent WLAN is also disabled in the
event of a switch failure.
Adaptive AP
10.1.10 Remote Site Survivability (RSS)
RSS can be used to turn off RF activity on an AAP if it loses adoption (connection) to the switch.
RSS State
Independent WLANs
Extended WLANs
RSS Enabled
WLAN continues beaconing
WLAN continues beaconing but AP does allow
clients to associate on that WLAN
RSS Disabled
WLAN stops beaconing
WLAN stops beaconing
NOTE For a dependant AAP, independent WLANs continue to beacon for three
days in the absence of a switch.
10.1.11 Adaptive Mesh Support
An AAP can extend existing mesh functionality to a switch managed network. All mesh APs are
configured and managed through the wireless switch. APs without a wired connection form a mesh
backhaul to a repeater or a wired mesh node and then get adopted to the switch. Mesh nodes with
existing wired access get adopted to the switch like a wired AAP.
Mesh AAPs apply configuration changes 300 seconds after the last received switch configuration
message. When the configuration is applied on the Mesh AAP, the radios shutdown and re-initialize
(this process takes less than 2 seconds), forcing associated MUs to be deauthenticated and the Mesh
link will go down. MUs are able to quickly associate, but the Mesh link will need to be re-established
before MUs can pass traffic. This typically takes about 90 to 180 seconds depending on the size of
the mesh topology.
NOTE When mesh is used with AAPs, the "ap-timeout" value needs to be set to
a higher value (for example, 180 seconds) so Mesh AAPs remain adopted
to the switch during the period when the configuration is applied and
mesh links are re-established.
For an overview of mesh networking and how to configure an AP-7131 to support mesh, see
Configuring Mesh Networking on page 9-1.
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10.2 Supported Adaptive AP Topologies
For this version of the access point firmware, the following AAP topologies are supported:
•
•
•
•
Extended WLANs Only
Independent WLANs Only
Extended WLANs with Independent WLANs
Extended WLAN with Mesh Networking
10.2.1 Topology Deployment Considerations
When reviewing the AAP topologies describes in the section, be cognizant of the following
considerations to optimize the effectiveness of the deployment:
•
•
•
•
•
An AAP firmware upgrade will not be performed at the time of adoption from the wireless
switch. Instead, the firmware is upgraded using the firmware update procedure (manually
or using the DHCP Auto Update feature).
An AAP can use its LAN1 interface or WAN interface for adoption. The default gateway
interface is set to LAN1. If the WAN Interface is used, explicitly configure WAN as the
default gateway interface.
Motorola recommends using the LAN1 interface for adoption in multi-cell deployments.
If you have multiple independent WLANs mapped to different VLANs, the AAP's LAN1
interface requires trunking be enabled with the correct management and native VLAN IDs
configured. Additionally, the AAP needs to be connected to a 802.1q trunk port on the wired
switch.
Be aware IPSec Mode supports NAT Traversal (NAT-T).
Adaptive AP
10.2.2 Extended WLANs Only
An extended WLAN configuration forces all MU traffic through the switch. No wireless traffic is
locally bridged by the AAP.
Each extended WLAN is mapped to the access point's virtual LAN2 subnet. By default, the access
point's LAN2 is not enabled and the default configuration is set to static with IP addresses defined
as all zeros. If the extended VLAN option is configured on the switch, the following configuration
updates are made automatically:
•
•
The AAP’s LAN2 subnet becomes enabled
All extended VLANs are mapped to LAN2.
NOTE MUs on the same WLAN associated to the AAP can communicate locally
at the AP Level without going through the switch. If this scenario is
undesirable, the access point's MU-to-MU disallow option should be
enabled. To enable the access point’s MU-to-MU disallow option, see
Creating/Editing Individual WLANs on page 5-31.
10.2.3 Independent WLANs Only
An independent WLAN configuration forces all MU traffic be bridged locally by the AAP. No wireless
traffic is tunneled back to the switch. Each extended WLAN is mapped to the access point's LAN1
interface. The only traffic between the switch and the AAP are control messages (for example,
heartbeats, statistics and configuration updates).
10.2.4 Extended WLANs with Independent WLANs
An AAP can have both extended WLANs and independent WLANs operating in conjunction. When
used together, MU traffic from extended WLANs go back to the switch and traffic from independent
WLANs is bridged locally by the AP.
All local WLANs are mapped to LAN1, and all extended WLANs are mapped to LAN2.
10-9
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
10.2.5 Extended WLAN with Mesh Networking
Mesh networking is an extension of the existing wired network. There is no special configuration
required, with the exceptions of setting the mesh and using it within one of the two extended VLAN
configurations and defining an access point radio as a preferred base bridge.
NOTE The mesh backhaul WLAN must be an independent WLAN mapped to
LAN1. The switch enforces the WLAN be defined as an independent
WLAN by automatically setting the WLAN to independent when backhaul
is selected. The AP ensures the backhaul WLAN be put on LAN1.
10.3 How the AP Receives its Adaptive Configuration
An AAP does not require a separate "local" or "running" configuration. Once enabled as an AAP, the
AP obtains its configuration from the switch. If the AP’s WAN link fails, it continues to operate using
the last valid configuration until its link is re-established and a new configuration is pushed down
from the switch. There is no separate file-based configuration stored on the switch.
Only WLAN, VLAN extension and radio configuration items are defined for the AAP by its connected
switch. None of the other access point configuration items (RADIUS, DHCP, NAT, Firewall etc.) are
configurable from the connected switch.
After the AP downloads a configuration file from the switch, it obtains the version number of the
image it should be running. The switch does not have the capacity to hold the access point’s firmware
image and configuration. The access point image must be downloaded using a means outside the
switch. If there is still an image version mismatch between what the switch expects and what the
AAP is running, the switch will deny adoption.
Adaptive AP Pre-requisites
Converting an AP-7131 model access point into an AAP requires:
•
•
•
•
A version 2.0 or higher firmware running on the access point.
A Motorola WS5100 (running firmware version 3.1 or later) or a RFS6000/RFS7000 (running
firmware version 1.1 or later) model switch.
The appropriate switch licenses providing AAP functionality on the switch.
The correct password to authenticate and connect the adaptive to the switch.
Configuring the Adaptive AP for Adoption by the Switch
1. An AAP needs to find and connect to the switch. To ensure this connection:
Adaptive AP
• Configure the switch’s IP address on the AAP
• Provide the switch IP address using DHCP option 189 on a DHCP server. The IP address
is a comma delimited string of IP addresses. For example "157.235.94.91, 10.10.10.19".
There can be a maximum of 12 IP addresses.
• Configure the switch’s FQDN on the AAP. The AAP can use this to resolve the IP address
of the switch.
2. Use the switch’s secret password on the AAP for the switch to authenticate it.
For additional information on defining the connection medium used by the access point t to
receive an AAP configuration, see Adaptive AP Setup on page 4-8.
To avoid a lengthy broken connection with the switch, Motorola recommends generating an
SNMP trap when the AAP loses adoption with the switch.
NOTE For additional information (in greater detail) on the AP configuration
activities described above, see Adaptive AP Configuration on page 10-12.
Configuring the Switch for Adaptive AP Adoption
The tasks described below are configured on a Motorola WS5100, RFS6000 or RFS7000 model
switch. For information on configuring the switch for AAP support, see
http://support.symbol.com/support/product/manuals.do.
To adopt an AAP on a switch:
1. Ensure enough licenses are available on the switch to adopt the required number of AAPs.
2. As soon as the AAP displays in the adopted list:
Adjust each AAP’s radio configuration as required. This includes WLAN-radio mappings and
radio parameters. WLAN-VLAN mappings and WLAN parameters are global and cannot be
defined on a per radio basis. WLANs can be assigned to a radio as done today for an AP300
model access port. Optionally, configure WLANs as independent and assign to AAPs as
needed.
3. Configure each VPN tunnel with the VLANs to be extended to it.
If you do not attach the target VLAN, no data will be forwarded to the AAP, only control
traffic required to adopt and configure the AP.
NOTE For additional information (in greater detail) on the switch configuration
activities described above, see Switch Configuration on page 10-15.
10-11
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
10.4 Establishing Basic Adaptive AP Connectivity
This section defines the activities required to configure basic AAP connectivity with a WS5100,
RFS6000 or RFS7000 model switch. In establishing a basic AAP connection, both the access point and
switch require modifications to their respective default configurations. For more information, see:
•
•
Adaptive AP Configuration
Switch Configuration
NOTE Refer to Adaptive AP Deployment Considerations on page 10-18 for usage
and deployment caveats that should be considered before defining the
AAP configuration. Refer to Sample Switch Configuration File for IPSec
and Independent WLAN on page 10-19 if planning to deploy an AAP
configuration using IPSec VPN and an extended WLAN.
10.4.1 Adaptive AP Configuration
An AAP can be manually adopted by the switch, adopted using a configuration file (consisting of the
adaptive parameters) pushed to the access point or adopted using DHCP options. Each of these
adoption techniques is described in the sections that follow.
10.4.1.1 Adopting an Adaptive AP Manually
To manually enable the access point’s switch discovery method and connection medium required for
adoption:
1. Select System Configuration -> Adaptive AP Setup from the access point’s menu tree.
Adaptive AP
2. Select the Auto Discovery Enable checkbox.
Enabling auto discovery will allow the AAP to be detected by a switch once its connectivity
medium has been configured (by completing steps 3-6)
3. Enter up to 12 Switch IP Addresses constituting the target switches available for AAP
connection.
The AAP will begin establishing a connection with the first addresses in the list. If
unsuccessful, the AP will continue down the list (in order) until a connection is established.
4. If a numerical IP address is unknown, but you know a switch’s fully qualified domain name
(FQDN), enter the name as the Switch FQDN value.
5. Select the Enable AP-Switch Tunnel option to allow AAP configuration data to reach a
switch using a secure VPN tunnel.
6. If using IPSec as the tunnel resource, enter the IPSec Passkey to ensure IPSec connectivity.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
7. Click Apply to save the changes to the AAP setup.
NOTE The manual AAP adoption described above can also be conducted using
the access point’s CLI interface using the admin(system.aapsetup)>
command.
10.4.1.2 Adopting an Adaptive AP Using a Configuration File
To adopt an AAP using a configuration file:
1. Refer to Adopting an Adaptive AP Manually and define the AAP switch connection
parameters.
2. Export the AAP’s configuration to a secure location.
Either import the configuration manually to other APs or the same AP later (if you elect to
default its configuration). Use DHCP option 186 and 187 to force a download of the
configuration file during startup (when it receives a DHCP offer).
For instruction on how to use the access point’s configuration import/export functionality,
see Importing/Exporting Configurations on page 4-46.
For information on updating the access point’s firmware, see
Updating Device Firmware on page 4-50.
10.4.1.3 Adopting an Adaptive AP Using DHCP Options
An AAP can be adopted to a wireless switch by providing the following options in the DHCP Offer:
Option
Data Type
Value
189
String
<Switch IP Address or Range of IP addresses separated by [, ; <space>]>
190
String
<Fully qualified Domain Name for the Wireless Switch>
191
String
<Hashed IPSec Passkey - configure on 1 AP and export to get hashed key>
192
String
<Value of "1" denotes Non-IPSec Mode and "2" denotes IPSec Mode>
NOTE Options 189 and 192 are mandatory to trigger adoption using DHCP
options. Unlike an AP300, option 189 alone won’t work. These options can
be embedded in Vendor Specific Option 43 and sent in the DHCP Offer.
Adaptive AP
10.4.2 Switch Configuration
Both a WS5100 (running firmware version 3.1 or later) or a RFS6000/ RFS7000 (running firmware
version 1.1 or later) require an explicit adaptive configuration to adopt an access point (if IPSec is not
being used for adoption). The same licenses currently used for AP300 adoption can be used for an
AAP.
Disable the switch’s Adopt unconfigured radios automatically option and manually add AAPs
requiring adoption, or leave as default. In default mode, any AAP adoption request is honored until
the current switch license limit is reached.
To disable automatic adoption on the switch:
1. Select Network > Access Port Radios from the switch main menu tree.
2. Select the Configuration tab (should be displayed be default) and click the Global
Settings button.
3. Ensure the Adopt unconfigured radios automatically option is NOT selected.
When disabled, there is no automatic adoption of non-configured radios on the network.
Additionally, default radio settings will NOT be applied to access ports when automatically
adopted.
NOTE For IPSec deployments, refer to Sample Switch Configuration File for
IPSec and Independent WLAN on page 10-19 and take note of the CLI
commands in red and associated comments in green.
Any WLAN configured on the switch becomes an extended WLAN by default for an AAP.
4. Select Network > Wireless LANs from the switch main menu tree.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
5. Select the target WLAN you would like to use for AAP support from those displayed and click
the Edit button.
6. Select the Independent Mode (AAP Only) checkbox.
Selecting the checkbox designates the WLAN as independent and prevents traffic from
being forwarded to the switch. Independent WLANs behave like WLANs as used on a a
standalone access point. Leave this option unselected (as is by default) to keep this WLAN
an extended WLAN (a typical centralized WLAN created on the switch).
NOTE Additionally, a WLAN can be defined as independent using the
"wlan <index> independent" command from the config-wireless context.
Adaptive AP
Once an AAP is adopted by the switch, it displays within the switch Access Port Radios
screen (under the Network parent menu item) as an AP-7131 within the AP Type column.
10-17
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
10.4.3 Adaptive AP Deployment Considerations
Before deploying your switch/AAP configuration, refer to the following usage caveats to optimize its
effectiveness:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Extended WLANs are mapped to the AP’s LAN2 interface and all independent WLANs are
mapped to the AP’s LAN1 Interface.
If deploying multiple independent WLANs mapped to different VLANs, ensure the AP’s LAN1
interface is connected to a trunk port on the L2/L3 switch and appropriate management and
native VLANs are configured.
The WLAN used for mesh backhaul must always be an independent WLAN.
The switch configures an AAP. If manually changing wireless settings on the AP, they are not
updated on the switch. It's a one way configuration, from the switch to the AP.
An AAP always requires a router between the AP and the switch.
An AAP can be used behind a NAT.
An AAP uses UDP port 24576 for control frames and UDP port 24577 for data frames.
Multiple VLANs per WLAN, L3 mobility, dynamic VLAN assignment, NAC, self healing,
rogue AP, MU locationing, hotspot on extended WLAN are some of the important wireless
features not supported in an AAP supported deployment.
Adaptive AP
10.4.4 Sample Switch Configuration File for IPSec and Independent
WLAN
The following constitutes a sample RFS7000 switch configuration file supporting an AAP IPSec with
Independent WLAN configuration. Please note new AAP specific CLI commands in red and relevant
comments in blue.
The sample output is as follows:
!
! configuration of RFS7000 RFS7000-1 version 1.1.0.0-016D
!
version 1.0
!
!
aaa authentication login default none
service prompt crash-info
!
hostname RFS7000-1
!
username admin password 1 8e67bb26b358e2ed20fe552ed6fb832f397a507d
username admin privilege superuser
username operator password 1 fe96dd39756ac41b74283a9292652d366d73931f
!
!
To configure the ACL to be used in the CRYPTO MAP
!
ip access-list extended AAP-ACL permit ip host 10.10.10.250 any rule-precedence 20
!
spanning-tree mst cisco-interoperability enable
spanning-tree mst config
name My Name
!
country-code us
logging buffered 4
logging console 7
logging host 157.235.92.97
logging syslog 7
snmp-server sysname RFS7000-1
10-19
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
snmp-server manager v2
snmp-server manager v3
snmp-server user snmptrap v3 encrypted auth md5 0x7be2cb56f6060226f15974c936e2739b
snmp-server user snmpmanager v3 encrypted auth md5 0x7be2cb56f6060226f15974c936e2739b
snmp-server user snmpoperator v3 encrypted auth md5 0x49c451c7c6893ffcede0491bbd0a12c4
!
To configure the passkey for a Remote VPN Peer - 255.255.255.255 denotes all AAPs. 12345678 is the
default passkey. If you change on the AAP, change here as well.
!
crypto isakmp key 0 12345678 address 255.255.255.255
!
ip http server
ip http secure-trustpoint default-trustpoint
ip http secure-server
ip ssh
no service pm sys-restart
timezone America/Los_Angeles
license AP
xyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxyxxyxyxyx
!
wireless
no adopt-unconf-radio enable
manual-wlan-mapping enable
wlan 1 enable
wlan 1 ssid qs5-ccmp
wlan 1 vlan 200
wlan 1 encryption-type ccmp
wlan 1 dot11i phrase 0 Symbol123
wlan 2 enable
wlan 2 ssid qs5-tkip
wlan 2 vlan 210
wlan 2 encryption-type tkip
wlan 2 dot11i phrase 0 Symbol123
wlan 3 enable
wlan 3 ssid qs5-wep128
wlan 3 vlan 220
wlan 3 encryption-type wep128
Adaptive AP
wlan 4 enable
wlan 4 ssid qs5-open
wlan 4 vlan 230
wlan 5 enable
wlan 5 ssid Mesh
wlan 5 vlan 111
wlan 5 encryption-type ccmp
wlan 5 dot11i phrase 0 Symbol123
!
To configure a WLAN as an independent WLAN
!
wlan 5 independent
wlan 5 client-bridge-backhaul enable
wlan 6 enable
wlan 6 ssid test-mesh
wlan 6 vlan 250
radio add 1 00-15-70-00-79-30 11bg aap7131
radio 1 bss 1 3
radio 1 bss 2 4
radio 1 bss 3 2
radio 1 channel-power indoor 11 8
radio 1 rss enable
radio add 2 00-15-70-00-79-30 11a aap7131
radio 2 bss 1 5
radio 2 bss 2 1
radio 2 bss 3 2
radio 2 channel-power indoor 48 8
radio 2 rss enable
radio 2 base-bridge max-clients 12
radio 2 base-bridge enable
radio add 3 00-15-70-00-79-12 11bg aap7131
radio 3 bss 1 3
radio 3 bss 2 4
radio 3 bss 3 2
radio 3 channel-power indoor 6 8
radio 3 rss enable
radio add 4 00-15-70-00-79-12 11a aap7131
radio 4 bss 1 5
10-21
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
radio 4 bss 2 6
radio 4 channel-power indoor 48 4
radio 4 rss enable
radio 4 client-bridge bridge-select-mode auto
radio 4 client-bridge ssid Mesh
radio 4 client-bridge mesh-timeout 0
radio 4 client-bridge enable
radio default-11a rss enable
radio default-11bg rss enable
radio default-11b rss enable
no ap-ip default-ap switch-ip
!
radius-server local
!
To create an IPSEC Transform Set
!
crypto ipsec transform-set AAP-TFSET esp-aes-256 esp-sha-hmac mode tunnel
!
To create a Crypto Map, add a remote peer, set the mode, add a ACL rule to match and transform and
set to the Crypto Map
!
crypto map AAP-CRYPTOMAP 10 ipsec-isakmp
set peer 255.255.255.255
set mode aggressive
match address AAP-ACL
set transform-set AAP-TFSET
!
interface ge1
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk native vlan 1
switchport trunk allowed vlan none
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 1-9,100,110,120,130,140,150,160,170,
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 180,190,200,210,220,230,240,250,
static-channel-group 1
!
interface ge2
switchport access vlan 1
Adaptive AP
!
interface ge3
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk native vlan 1
switchport trunk allowed vlan none
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 1-9,100,110,120,130,140,150,160,170,
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 180,190,200,210,220,230,240,250,
static-channel-group 1
!
interface ge4
switchport access vlan 1
!
interface me1
ip address dhcp
!
interface sa1
switchport mode trunk
switchport trunk native vlan 1
switchport trunk allowed vlan none
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 1-9,100,110,120,130,140,150,160,170,
switchport trunk allowed vlan add 180,190,200,210,220,230,240,250,
!
!
!
!
interface vlan1
ip address dhcp
!
To attach a Crypto Map to a VLAN Interface
!
crypto map AAP-CRYPTOMAP
!
sole
!
ip route 157.235.0.0/16 157.235.92.2
ip route 172.0.0.0/8 157.235.92.2
!
ntp server 10.10.10.100 prefer version 3
10-23
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
line con 0
line vty 0 24
!
end
Technical Specifications
This appendix provides technical specifications in the following areas:
•
•
•
•
•
AP-7131 Physical Characteristics
Electrical Characteristics
Radio Characteristics
Antenna Specifications
Country Codes
A-2
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
A.1 AP-7131 Physical Characteristics
The AP-7131 has the following physical characteristics:
Dimensions
5.50 in. L x 8.00 in. W x 1.10 in. H
13.97 cm L x 20.32 cm W x 2.79 cm H
Housing
Metal, plenum-rated housing (UL2043)
Weight
2.22 lbs/9.98 kg
Operating
Temperature
-4°F to 122°F/-20°C to 50°C
Storage Temperature
-40°F to 158°F/-40°C to 70°C
Altitude
8000 ft./2438 m @ 82°F/28°C (Operating)
15000 ft./4572 m @ 53°F/12°C (Storage)
Humidity
5 to 95% RH non-condensing
Electrostatic
Discharge
15kV air, 8kV contact
Technical Specifications
A.2 Electrical Characteristics
The AP-7131 access point has the following electrical characteristics:
Operating Voltage
38-54V DC
Operating Current
Not to exceed 600mA @ 48VDC
A.3 Radio Characteristics
The AP-7131 access point has the following radio characteristics:
Operating Channels
All channels from 4920 MHz to 5825 MHz except channel
52 -64
Channels 1-13 (2412-2472 MHz)
Channel 14 (2484 MHz) Japan only
Actual operating frequencies depend on regulatory
Data Rates Supported 802.11g: 1,2,5.5,11,6,9,12,18,24,36,48, and 54Mbps
802.11a: 6,9,12,18,24,36,48, and 54Mbps
802.11n: MCS 0-15 up to 300Mbps
Wireless Medium
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS),
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM)
Spatial multiplexing (MIMO)
Network Standards
802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.3, 802.11n (Draft 2.0)
Maximum Available
Transmit Power
20dBm
Transmit Power
Adjustment
1dB increments
Antenna
Configuration
3x3 MIMO (transmit and receive on all three
antennas)
A-3
A-4
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
A.4 Antenna Specifications
!
CAUTION Using an antenna other than the Dual-Band Antenna (Part No.
ML-2452-APA2-01) could render the AP-5131’s Rogue AP Detector
Mode feature inoperable. Contact your Motorola sales associate for
specific information.
A.4.1 2.4 GHz Antenna Matrix
The following table describes each 2.4 GHz antenna approved for use with the AP-7131.
Part No.
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-2499-11PNA2-01R
Wide Angle Directional
8.5
ML-2499-HPA3-01R
Omni-Directional Antenna
3.3
ML-2499-BYGA2-01R
Yagi Antenna
13.9
ML-2452-APA2-01
Dual-Band
3.0
ML-2452-PTA2M3X3-1
Facade with 6 Element
Antenna Module
2.0
ML-2452-PTA3M3-036
3 Port MIMO Antenna
3.0
A.4.1.1 5 GHz Antenna Matrix
The following table describes each 5 GHz antenna approved for use with the AP-7131.
Part Number
Antenna Type
Nominal Net Gain (dBi)
ML-5299-WPNA1-01R
Panel Antenna
13.0
ML-5299-HPA1-01R
Wide-Band Omni-Directional
Antenna
5.0
ML-2452-APA2-01
Dual-Band
4.0
ML-2452-PTA2M3X3-1
Facade with 6 Element
Antenna Module
2.0
ML-2452-PTA3M3-036
3 Port MIMO Antenna
3.0
Technical Specifications
A.4.1.2 AP-5131 Additional Antenna Components
The following table lists the Motorola part number for various antenna accessories. This table also
includes the loss for each accessory at both 2.4 and 5 GHz.
Item
Part Number
Loss (db)
@ 2.4 GHz
Description
Loss (db)
@ 5 GHz
72PJ
ML-1499-72PJ-01R
Cable Extension
2.5
LAK1
ML-1499-LAK1-01R
Lightning
Arrestor+
0.75
LAK2
ML-1499-LAK2-01R
Lightning Arrestor 0.25
10JK
ML-1499-10JK-01R
Jumper Kit
0.75
1.6
25JK
ML-1499-25JK-01R
Jumper Kit
1.9
3.5
50JK
ML-1499-50JK-01R
Jumper Kit
3.75
6.6
100JK
ML-1499-100JK-01R
Jumper Kit
7.5
12.8
A.4.1.3 AP-5131 Antenna Accessory Connectors, Cable Type and Length
The following table describes each antenna accessory’s connector and cable type, plus the length.
Item
Connector1
Connector2
Length (meters)
Cable Type
72PJ
RPBNC-F
RPBNC-M
1.83
RG-58
LAK1
RPBNC-F
N-F
0.305
RG-58
LAK2
N-F
N-M
10JK
N-M
N-M
3.05
RG-8
25JK
N-M
N-M
7.62
RG-8
50JK
N-M
N-M
15.24
RG-8
100JK
N-M
N-M
30.48
RG-8
A-5
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
A.5 Country Codes
The following list of countries and their country codes is useful when using the access point
configuration file, CLI or the MIB to configure the access point:
Country
Code
Country
Code
Argentina
AR
Mexico
MX
Australia
AU
Montenegro
ME
Austria
AT
Morocco
MA
Bahamas
BS
Netherlands
NL
Bahrain
BH
Netherlands Antilles
AN
Barbados
BB
New Zealand
NZ
Belarus
BY
Nicaragua
NI
Bermuda
BM
Norfolk Island
NF
Belgium
BE
Norway
NO
Bolivia
BO
Oman
OM
Botswana
BW
Panama
PA
Botznia-Herzegovina
BA
Pakistan
PK
Brazil
BR
Paraguay
PY
Bulgaria
BG
Peru
PE
Canada
CA
Philippines
PH
Cayman Islands
KY
Poland
PL
Chile
CL
Portugal
PT
China
CN
Puerto Rico
PR
Christmas Islands
CX
Qatar
QA
Colombia
CO
Romania
RO
Costa Rica
CR
Russian Federation
RU
Croatia
HR
Saudi Arabia
SA
Technical Specifications
Cypress
CY
Serbia
RS
Czech Rep.
CZ
Singapore
SG
Denmark
DK
Slovak Republic
SK
Dominican Republic
DO
Slovenia
SI
Ecuador
EC
South Africa
ZA
El Salvador
SV
South Korea
KR
Estonia
EE
Spain
ES
Egypt
EG
Sri Lanka
LK
Falkland Islands
FK
Sweden
SE
Finland
FI
Switzerland
CH
France
FR
Taiwan
TW
Germany
DE
Thailand
TH
Greece
GR
Trinidad and Tobago
TT
Guam
GU
Turkey
TR
Guatemala
GT
Ukraine
UA
Guinea
GN
UAE
AE
Haiti
HT
United Kingdom
UK
Honduras
HN
USA
US
Hong Kong
HK
Uruguay
UY
Hungary
HU
Virgin Islands (British)
VG
Iceland
IS
Virgin Islands (US)
VI
India
IN
Vietnam
VN
Indonesia
ID
Venezuela
VE
Ireland
IE
Israel
IL
Italy
IT
Jamaica
JM
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Japan
JP
Jordan
JO
Kazakhstan
KZ
Kuwait
KW
Latvia
LV
Lebanon
LB
Liechtenstein
LI
Lithuania
LT
Luxembourg
LU
Macedonia
MK
Malaysia
MY
Malta
MT
Martinique
MQ
Usage Scenarios
This appendix provides practical usage scenarios for many of the access point’s key features. This
information should be referenced as a supplement to the information contained within this Product
Reference Guide.
The following scenarios are described:
•
•
Configuring Automatic Updates using a DHCP or Linux BootP Server
Configuring an IPSEC Tunnel and VPN FAQs
B.1 Configuring Automatic Updates using a DHCP or Linux
BootP Server
This section provides specific details for configuring either a DHCP or Linux BootP Server to send
firmware or configuration file updates to an access point.
The AutoUpdate feature updates the access point firmware and/or configuration automatically when
the access point is reset or does a DHCP request. The update process is conducted over the LAN or
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
WAN port depending on which server responds first to the access point’s request for an automatic
update.
The firmware is automatically updated each time firmware versions are found to be different
between what is running on the access point and the firmware file that resides on the server. The
configuration file is automatically applied when the configuration filename is found to be different
between what resides on the access point and the filename residing on the server or when the
configuration version is found to be different between what resides on the access point and the
configuration version residing on the server.
The configuration version can be modified in the text file to cause the configuration to be applied
when required. The access point only checks the two characters after the third hyphen (01) when
making a comparison. Change the last two characters to update the configuration. The two characters
can be alpha-numeric.
B.1.1 Windows - DHCP Server Configuration
See the following sections for information on these DHCP server configurations in the Windows
environment:
•
•
•
Embedded Options - Using Option 43
Global Options - Using Extended/Standard Options
DHCP Priorities
B.1.1.1 Embedded Options - Using Option 43
This section provides instructions for automatic update of firmware and configuration file via DHCP
using extended options or standard options configured globally.
The setup example described in this section includes:
•
•
•
1 AP-7131 model access point
1 Microsoft Windows DHCP Server
1 TFTP Server
Note the following caveats regarding this procedure before beginning:
•
•
Ensure the LAN Interface is configured as a DHCP Client
If the existing and update firmware files are the same, the firmware will not get updated.
To configure the DHCP Server for automatic updates:
Usage Scenarios
1. Set the Windows DHCP Server and access point on the same Ethernet segment.
2. Configure the Windows based DHCP Server as follows:
a. Highlight the Server Domain Name (for example, apfw.motorola.com). From the Action
menu, select Define Vendor Classes.
b. Create a new vendor class. For example, AP7131 Options.
c. Enter the vendor class Identifier MotorolaAP.71xx-V3-2-0. Enter the value in ASCII
format, the server converts it to hex automatically.
d. From the Action menu, select Set Predefined Options.
e. Add the following 3 new options under AP7131 Options class:
Code
Data type
Access point TFTP Server IP Address
(Note: Use any one option)
181
186
IP address
String
Access point Firmware File Name
187
String
Access point Config File Name
(Note: Use any one option)
129
188
String
String
f. Highlight Scope Options from the tree and select Configure Options.
g. Go to the Advanced tab. From under the Vendor Class AP7131 Options, check all three
options mentioned in the table above and enter a value for each option.
3. Copy the firmware and configuration files to the appropriate directory on the TFTP Server.
4. Restart the access point.
5. While the access point boots, verify the access point:
• Obtains and applies the expected IP Address from the DHCP Server
• Downloads both the firmware and configuration files from the TFTP Server and updates
both as needed. Verify the file versions within the System Settings screen.
NOTE If the firmware files are the same, the firmware will not get updated. If
the configuration file name matches the last used configuration file on the
access point or if the configuration file versions are the same, the access
point configuration will not get updated.
B.1.1.2 Global Options - Using Extended/Standard Options
The following are instructions for automatic firmware and configuration file updates via DHCP using
extended options or standard options configured globally.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
The setup example described in this section includes:
•
•
•
1 AP-7131 model access point
1 Microsoft Windows DHCP Server
1 TFTP Server.
To configure Global options using extended/standard options:
1. Set the Windows DHCP Server and access point on the same Ethernet segment.
2. Configure the Windows based DHCP Server as follows:
a. Highlight the Server Domain Name (for example, apfw.motorola.com). From the Action
menu, select Set Predefined Options.
b. Add the following 3 new options under DHCP Standard Options class:
Extended Options
Code
Data type
Access point TFTP Server IP Address
(Note: Use any one option)
181
186
IP address
String
Access point Firmware File Name
187
String
Access point Config File Name
(Note: Use any one option)
129
188
String
String
Standard Options
Code
Data type
Access point TFTP Server IP Address
66
String
Access point Firmware File Name
67
String
NOTE If using Standard Options and the configuration of the access point needs
to be changed, use option 129 or 188 as specified in the Extended Options
table. Standard options 66 and 67 are already present in the DHCP
Standard Options Class by default.
c. Highlight Scope Options and select Configure Options.
d. Under the General tab, check all 3 options mentioned within the Extended Options table
and enter a value for each option.
3. Copy both the firmware and configuration files to the appropriate directory on the TFTP
Server.
Usage Scenarios
By default, auto update is enabled on the access point (since the LAN Port is a DHCP Client,
out-of-the-box auto update support is on the LAN Port).
4. Restart the access point.
5. While the access point boots up, verify the access point:
• Obtains and applies the expected IP Address from the DHCP Server
• Downloads the firmware and configuration files from the TFTP Server and updates both
as required. Verify the file versions within the System Settings screen.
NOTE If the firmware files are the same, the firmware will not get updated. If
the configuration file name matches the last used configuration file on the
access point or if the configuration file versions are the same, the access
point configuration will not get updated.
NOTE The update process is conducted over the LAN or WAN port depending on
which Server responds first to the access point’s request for an automatic
update.
B.1.1.3 DHCP Priorities
The following flowchart indicates the priorities used by the access point when the DHCP server is
configured for multiple options.
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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
If the DHCP Server is configured for options 186 and 66 (to assign TFTP Server IP addresses) the
access point uses the IP address configured for option 186. Similarly, if the DHCP Server is configured
for options 187 and 67 (for the firmware file) the access point uses the file name configured for option
187. If the DHCP Server is configured for embedded and global options, the embedded options take
precedence.
B.1.2 Linux - BootP Server Configuration
See the following sections for information on these BootP server configurations in the Linux
environment:
•
•
BootP Options
BootP Priorities
Usage Scenarios
B.1.2.1 BootP Options
This section contains instructions for the automatic update of the access point firmware and
configuration file using a BootP Server.
The setup example described in this section includes:
•
•
•
1 AP-7131 model access point
1 Linux/Unix BOOTP Server
1 TFTP Server.
To configure BootP options using a Linux/Unix BootP Server:
1. Set the Linux/Unix BootP Server and access point on the same Ethernet segment.
2. Configure the bootptab file (/etc/bootptab) on the Linux/Unix BootP Server in any one of the
formats that follows:
Using options 186, 187 and 188:
A P -7 1 3 1 :h a = 0 0 a 0 f8 8 a a 6 d 8 \
:sm = 2 5 5 .2 5 5 .2 5 5 .0 \
:ip = 1 5 7 .2 3 5 .9 3 .1 2 8 \
:g w = 1 5 7 .2 3 5 .9 3 .2 \
:T 1 8 6 = ”1 5 7 .2 3 5 .9 3 .2 5 0 ”\
:T 1 8 7 = "a p fw .b in "\
:T 1 8 8 = "cfg .txt":
< LA N M A C A d d re ss>
< S u b n e t M a sk>
< IP A d d re ss>
< g a te w a y>
< T FT P S e rve r IP >
< Firm w a re file >
< C o n fig u ra tio n file >
Using options 66, 67 and 129:
A P -7 1 3 1 :h a = 0 0 a 0 f8 8 a a 6 d 8 \
< LA N M A C A d d re ss>
:sm = 2 5 5 .2 5 5 .2 5 5 .0 \
< S u b n e t M a sk>
:ip = 1 5 7 .2 3 5 .9 3 .1 2 8 \
< IP A d d re ss >
:g w = 1 5 7 .2 3 5 .9 3 .2 \
< g a te w a y>
:T 6 6 = ”1 5 7 .2 3 5 .9 3 .2 5 0 ”\
< T FT P S e rve r IP >
:T 6 7 = "a p fw .b in "\
< Firm w a re file >
< C o n fig u ra tio n file >
:T 1 2 9 = "cfg .txt":
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Using options sa, bf and 136:
AP-7131:ha=00a0f88aa6d8\
:sm =255.255.255.0\
:ip=157.235.93.128\
:gw =157.235.93.2\
:sa=157.235.93.250\
:bf=/tftpboot/cfg.txt\
:T136=”/tftpboot/”:
< LAN M AC Address>
<Subnet M ask>
<IP A ddress>
<gatew ay>
<TFTP Server IP>
<Configuration file>
<TFTP root directory>
NOTE The bf option prefixes a forward slash (/) to the configuration file name.
The forward slash may not be supported on Windows based TFTP Servers.
3. Copy the firmware and configuration files to the appropriate directory on the TFTP Server.
By default, auto update is enabled on the access point (since the LAN Port is a DHCP Client,
out-of-the-box auto update support is on the LAN Port).
4. Restart the access point.
5. While the access point boots, verify the access point:
• Sends a true BootP request.
• Obtains and applies the expected IP Address from the BootP Server.
• Downloads both the firmware and configuration files from the TFTP Server and updates
them as required. Verify the file versions within the System Settings screen.
Whenever a configuration file is specified, the access point will tftp the config file, parse it
and use the firmware file name in the config file.
If T136 is provided by the server, the access point strips off the TFTP root directory from the
fully qualified configuration file name to obtain a relative file name. For example, if using
bf=/opt/tftpdir/ftp/dist/ap.cfg and T136="/opt/tftpdir", the config file name is
ftp/dist/ap.cfg. T136 is only used for this purpose. It is NOT used to append to the config file
name or the firmware file name. If T136 is not specified, the access point uses the entire bf
field as the config file name.
NOTE The update process is conducted over the LAN or WAN port depending on
which Server responds first to the access point’s request for an automatic
update.
Usage Scenarios
NOTE If the firmware files are the same, the firmware will not get updated. If
the configuration file name matches the last used configuration file on the
access point or if the configuration file versions are the same, the access
point configuration will not get updated. The LAN Port needs to be
configured as a BootP client. There's no BootP support on the WAN Port.
The WAN supports only DHCP.
B.1.2.2 BootP Priorities
The following flowchart displays the priorities used by the access point when the BootP server is
configured for multiple options:
If the BootP Server is configured for options 186 and 66 (to assign TFTP server IP addresses) the
access point uses the IP address configured for option 186. Similarly, if the BootP Server is configured
for options 188 and 129 (for the configuration file) the AP uses the file name configured for option 188.
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B.2 Configuring an IPSEC Tunnel and VPN FAQs
The access point has the capability to create a tunnel between an access point and a VPN endpoint.
The access point can also create a tunnel from one access point to another access point.
The following instruction assumes the reader is familiar with basic IPSEC and VPN terminology and
technology.
•
•
•
Configuring a VPN Tunnel Between Two Access Points
Configuring a Cisco VPN Device
Frequently Asked VPN Questions
B.2.1 Configuring a VPN Tunnel Between Two Access Points
The access point can connect to a non-AP device supporting IPSec, such as a Cisco VPN device labeled as "Device #2".
For this usage scenario, the following components are required:
• 2 access points (either a Motorola AP-7131, AP-5131 or AP-5181 model access point)
• 1 PC on each side of the access point’s LAN.
To configure a VPN tunnel between two access points:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ensure the WAN ports are connected via the internet.
On access point #1, select WAN -> VPN from the main menu tree.
Click Add to add the tunnel to the list.
Enter a tunnel name (tunnel names do not need to match).
Usage Scenarios
5. Enter the WAN port IP address of AP #1 for the Local WAN IP.
6. Within the Remote Subnet and Remote Subnet Mask fields, enter the LAN IP subnet and
mask of AP #2 /Device #2.
7. Enter the WAN port IP address of AP #2/ Device #2 for a Remote Gateway.
8. Click Apply to save the changes.
NOTE For this example, Auto IKE Key Exchange is used. Any key exchange can
be used, depending on the security needed, as long as both devices on
each end of the tunnel are configured exactly the same.
9. Select the Auto (IKE) Key Exchange radio button.
10. Select the Auto Key Settings button.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
11. For the ESP Type, select ESP with Authentication and use AES 128-bit as the ESP
encryption algorithm and MD5 as the authentication algorithm. Click OK.
12. Select the IKE Settings button.
13. Select Pre Shared Key (PSK) from the IKE Authentication Mode drop-down menu.
14. Enter a Passphrase. Passphrases must match on both VPN devices.
Usage Scenarios
NOTE Ensure the IKE authentication Passphrase is the same as the Pre-shared
key on the Cisco PIX device.
15. Select AES 128-bit as the IKE Encryption Algorithm.
16. Select Group 2 as the Diffie -Hellman Group. Click OK. This will take you back to the VPN
screen.
17. Click Apply to make the changes
18. Check the VPN Status screen. Notice the status displays "NOT_ACTIVE". This screen
automatically refreshes to get the current status of the VPN tunnel. Once the tunnel is
active, the IKE_STATE changes from NOT_CONNECTED to SA_MATURE.
19. On access point #2/ Device #2, repeat the same procedure. However, replace access point
#2 information with access point #1 information.
20. Once both tunnels are established, ping each side of the tunnel to ensure connectivity.
B.2.2 Configuring a Cisco VPN Device
This section includes general instructions for configuring a Cisco PIX Firewall 506 series device.
For the usage scenario described in this section, you will require the following:
• 1 Cisco VPN device
• 1 PC connected to the LAN side of the access point and the Cisco PIX.
NOTE The Cisco PIX device configuration should match the access point VPN
configuration in terms of Local WAN IP (PIX WAN), Remote WAN
Gateway (access point WAN IP), Remote Subnet (access point LAN
Subnet), and the Remote Subnet Mask. The Auto Key Settings and the IKE
Settings on the Cisco PIX should match the access point Key and
IKE settings.
Below is how the access point VPN Status screen should look if the entire configuration is setup
correctly once the VPN tunnel is active. The status field should display "ACTIVE".
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
Usage Scenarios
B.2.3 Frequently Asked VPN Questions
The following are common questions that arise when configuring a VPN tunnel.
•
Question 1: Does the access point IPSec tunnel support multiple subnets on the
other end of a VPN concentrator?
Yes. The access point can access multiple subnets on the other end of the VPN Concentrator
from the access point's Local LAN Subnet by:
• Creating multiple VPN Tunnels. The AP supports a maximum of 25 tunnels.
• When using the Remote Subnet IP Address with an appropriate subnet mask, the AP can
access multiple subnets on the remote end.
For example: If creating a tunnel using 192.168.0.0/16 for the Remote Subnet IP address, the
following subnets could be accessed:
192.168.1.x
192.168.2.x
192.168.3.x, etc
•
Question 2: Even if a wildcard entry of "0.0.0.0" is entered in the Remote Subnet
field in the VPN configuration page, can the AP access multiple subnets on the
other end of a VPN concentrator for the APs LAN/WAN side?
No. Using a "0.0.0.0" wildcard is an unsupported configuration. In order to access multiple
subnets, the steps in Question #1 must be followed.
•
Question 3: Can the AP be accessed via its LAN interface of AP#1 from the local
subnet of AP#2 and vice versa?
Yes.
•
Question 4: Will the default "Manual Key Exchange" settings work without making
any changes?
No. Changes need to be made. Enter Inbound and Outbound ESP Encryption keys on both
APs. Each one should be of 16 Hex characters (depending on the encryption or
authentication scheme used). The VPN tunnel can be established only when these
corresponding keys match. Ensure the Inbound/Outbound SPI and ESP Authentication Keys
have been properly specified.
•
Question 5: Can a tunnel between an AP-7131 and WS2000 be established?
Yes.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
•
Question 6: Can an IPSec tunnel over a PPPoE connection be established - such as
a PPPoE enabled DSL link?
Yes. The access point supports tunneling when using a PPPoE username and password.
•
Question 7: Can I setup an access point so clients can access both the WAN
normally and only use the VPN when talking to specific networks?
Yes. Only packets that match the VPN Tunnel Settings will be sent through the VPN tunnel.
All other packets will be handled by whatever firewall rules are set.
•
Question 8: How do I specify which certificates to use for an IKE policy from the
access point certificate manager?
When generating a certificate to use with IKE, use one of the following fields: IP address,
Domain Name, or Email address. Also, make sure you are using NTP when attempting to
use the certificate manager. Certificates are time sensitive.
Configure the following on the IKE Settings page:
Local ID type refers to the way that IKE selects a local certificate to use.
• IP - tries the match the local WAN IP to the IP addresses specified in a local certificate.
• FQDN - tries to match the user entered local ID data string to the domain name field of
the certificate.
• UFQDN - tries to match the user entered local ID data string to the email address field
of the certificate.
Remote ID type refers to the way you identify an incoming certificate as being associated
with the remote side.
• IP - tries the match the remote gateway IP to the IP addresses specified in the received
certificate.
• FQDN - tries to match the user entered remote ID data string to the domain name field
of the received certificate.
• UFQDN - tries to match the user entered remote ID data string to the email address field
of the received certificate.
Usage Scenarios
•
Question 9: I am using a direct cable connection between my two VPN gateways
for testing and cannot get a tunnel established, yet it works when I set them up
across another network or router. Why?
The packet processing architecture of the access point VPN solution requires the WAN
default gateway to work properly. When connecting two gateways directly, you don't need
a default gateway when the two addresses are on the same subnet. As a workaround, point
the access point's WAN default gateway to be the other VPN gateway and vice-versa.
•
Question 10: I have setup my tunnel and the status still says 'Not Connected'. What
should I do now?
VPN tunnels are negotiated on an "as-needed" basis. If you have not sent any traffic
between the two subnets, the tunnel will not get established. Once a packet is sent between
the two subnets, the VPN tunnel setup occurs.
•
Question 11: I still can't get my tunnel to work after attempting to initiate traffic
between the two subnets. What now?
Try the following troubleshooting tips:
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•
• Verify you can ping each of the remote Gateway IP addresses from clients on either side.
Failed pings can indicate general network connection problems.
• Pinging the internal gateway address of the remote subnet should run the ping through
the tunnel as well. Allowing you to test, even if there are no clients on the remote end.
• Try re-setting the shared secret password on the access point.
Question 12: My tunnel works fine when I use the LAN-WAN Access page to
configure my firewall. Now that I use Advanced LAN Access, my VPN stops
working. What am I doing wrong?
VPN requires certain packets to be passed through the firewall. Subnet Access
automatically inserts these rules for you when you do VPN. Advanced Subnet Access
requires these rules to be in effect for each tunnel.
• An 'allow' inbound rule.
Scr
<Remote Subnet IP range>
Dst
<Local Subnet IP range>
Transport
ANY
Scr port
1:65535
Dst port
1:65535
Rev NAT
None
• An 'allow' outbound rule.
Scr
<Local Subnet IP range>
Dst
<Remote Subnet IP range>
Transport
ANY
Scr port
1:65535
Dst port
1:65535
NAT
None
• For IKE, an 'allow' inbound rule.
Scr
<Remote Subnet IP range>
Usage Scenarios
Dst
<WAN IP address>
Transport
UDP
Scr port
1:65535
Dst port
500
Rev NAT
None
These three rules should be configured above all other rules (default or user defined). When
Advanced LAN Access is used, certain inbound/outbound rules need to be configured to
control incoming/outgoing packet flow for IPSec to work properly (with Advanced LAN
Access). These rules should be configured first before other rules are configured.
•
Question 13: Do I need to add any special routes on the access point to get my VPN
tunnel to work?
No. However, clients could need extra routing information. Clients on the local LAN side
should either use the access point as their gateway or have a route entry tell them to use
the access point as the gateway to reach the remote subnet.
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Customer Support
Comprehensive on-line support is available at the Support Central site at
http://www.symbol.com/support/. Support Central provides our customers with a wealth of
information and online assistance including developer tools, software downloads, product manuals
and online repair requests.
When contacting the Motorola Support Center, please provide the following information:
•
•
•
serial number of unit
model number or product name
software type and version number.
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AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
North American Contacts
Support (for warranty and service information):
telephone: 1-800-653-5350
fax: (631) 738-5410
Email: emb.support@motorola.com
International Contacts
Outside North America:
Motorola, inc.
Symbol Place
Winnersh Triangle, Berkshire, RG41 5TP
United Kingdom
0800-328-2424 (Inside UK)
+44 118 945 7529 (Outside UK)
Customer Support
Web Support Sites
Product Downloads
http://support.symbol.com/support/product/softwaredownloads.do
Manuals
http://support.symbol.com/support/product/manuals.do
Additional Information
Obtain additional information by contacting Motorola at:
1-800-722-6234, inside North America
+1-516-738-5200, in/outside North America
http://www.motorola.com/
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Index
A
access options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
access point
CAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
PSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
RSSI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
adaptive AP setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
addresses, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
administrator access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
antenna support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
antenna, 2.4 GHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
AP-7131 access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
AP-7131 features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
AP-7131 firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
AP-7131 management options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
AP-7131 operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
AP-7131 placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
AP-7131 statistical displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
AP-7131 version. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
association process
beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
RSSI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
automatic firmware update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-54
available protocols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
B
bandwidth management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-68
basic device configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
beacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
CAM stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
PSP stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
BSSID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
bullets, use of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
C
CA certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
CAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
certificate authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
certificate management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
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CLI, ACL commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-88
CLI, bandwith management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-127
CLI, common commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
CLI, connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
CLI, firewall commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-146
CLI, firmware update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-252
CLI, log commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-239
CLI, network commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11
CLI, network LAN commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12
CLI, network LAN, DHCP commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-28
CLI, network wireless commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-65
CLI, NTP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-234
CLI, QoS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-122
CLI, radio configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-93
CLI, router commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-151
CLI, security commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-79
CLI, serial port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
CLI, SNMP access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-187
CLI, SNMP commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-186
CLI, SNMP traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-192
CLI, statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-256
CLI, system access commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-170
CLI, system commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-157
CLI, telnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
CLI, type filter commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34
CLI, WAN commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-39
CLI, WAN NAT commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-42
CLI, WAN VLAN Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-48, 8-61
command line interface (CLI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
config file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
config import/export . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
configuration file import/export . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
configuration options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
configuration restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
content filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
conventions, notational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii
country codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4, A-6
customer support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii, B-1
D
data access, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
data decryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
data encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
data security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
device firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-50
device settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
DHCP support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-15
DHCP, advanced settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-12
direct-sequence spread spectrum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-23
document conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-vii
dual-radio sku . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
E
EAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 1-8
EAP authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
electrical characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3
event logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-15
F
firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
firewall security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
firewall, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-26
firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-12
firmware update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-52
firmware, updates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-50
H
hardware installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-1
I
importing certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-16
importing/exporting configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
initial connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
installation, ceiling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-14
installation, ceiling T-Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-12
installation, wall mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
J
Java-Based WEB UI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
K
kerberos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
kerberos authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
keyGuard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 1-9, 6-18
IN-7
L
O
LAN port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
LAN to WAN access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-29
LAN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
LAN, statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
LAN, timeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-16, 2-17
logging configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
login screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4, 4-1
operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
M
MAC layer bridging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
management options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-25, 1-27
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
media types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
mesh networking
dual-radio AP-5131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
STP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
mesh overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
MIB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
ML-2499-11PNA2-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, A-4
ML-2499-BYGA2-01. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, A-4
ML-2499-HPA3-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, A-4
ML-5299-WBPBX1-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6, A-4
ML-5299-WPNA1-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6, A-4
monitoring statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1, 9-1, 10-1
mounting options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
mounting the AP-5131 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
MU
CAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
data decryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
data encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
MU association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
MU association process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
MU-MU transmission disallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
N
NAT, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
network time protocol (NTP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
notational conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
NTP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
NTP, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
P
physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
power injector, cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
PPP over Ethernet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20
precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
programmable SNMP trap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
PSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
PSP stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
beacon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
MU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Q
QoS support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Quality of Service (QoS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
R
radio options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
radio, retry histogram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-24
radio, statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
restore default configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
roaming across routers
TIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
rogue AP detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
rogue AP detection, allowed APs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
rogue AP, details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
routing information protocol (RIP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
S
secuirty, WPA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
decryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
security, content filtering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
security, firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
security, KeyGuard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
security, rogue AP detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
security, VPN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
security, WLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
security, WPA2-CCMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
self certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
IN-8
AP-7131 Access Point Product Reference Guide
service information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
single sku . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
site surveys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
SNMP access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
SNMP access control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
SNMP settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
SNMP v1/v2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
SNMP v1/v2/v3 trap support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
SNMP v3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
SNMP, access control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
SNMP, RF trap thresholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
SNMP, specific traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
SNMP, traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
SNMP, v1/v2c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
SNMP, v3 user definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
statistics, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
statistics, LAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
statistics, mu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-25
statistics, radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
statistics, WAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
statistics, WLAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-12
suspended T-Bar installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
system configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
system location. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
system name. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
system settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
system settings, configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
system uptime. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
T
technical support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
testing connectivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
theory of operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
TKIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
transmit power control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
type filter, configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
V
VLAN support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-11
VLAN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
VLAN, management tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-8
VLAN, name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
VLAN, native tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-8
Voice prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-13
VPN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
VPN tunnels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
VPN, auto key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43, 6-44
VPN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-35
VPN, IKE key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-46
VPN, manual key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-39
VPN, status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-49
W
wall mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
WAN port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-4
WAN, configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-16
WAN, port forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-24
WAN, statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
WEP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8
WEP encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 1-8
Wi-Fi protected access (WPA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-9
WLAN, ACL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-38
WLAN, creating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
WLAN, editing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-31
WLAN, enabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-28
WLAN, security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-36
WLAN, statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-12
WPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-20
WPA2-CCMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 6-23
WPA2-CCMP (802.11i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-10
WPA-CCMP (802.11i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
WPA-TKIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-7
WPA, 256-bit keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-22
MOTOROLA INC.
1303 E. ALGONQUIN ROAD
SCHAUMBURG, IL 60196
http://www.motorola.com
72E-124686-01 Revision A
May 2009
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