MikroElektronika | PIC Microcontrollers PIC12 | User`s guide | mikroElektronika PIC Microcontrollers PIC12 User`s guide

USER'S GUIDE
EasyPIC
v7
connectivity
microcontrollers supported
Supports 3.3V and 5V devices
Easy-add extra boards
Four connectors for each port
Fast USB 2.0 programmer and
The ultimate PIC® board
Dual Power Supply
mikroBUS™ sockets
Amazing Connectivity
In-Circuit Debugger
To our valued customers
From the day one, we in mikroElektronika gave ourselves the highest possible goals in pursuit of excellence.
That same day, the idea of EasyPIC™ development board was born. And we all grew together with EasyPIC™.
In its each and tiniest piece we had put all of our energy, creativity and sense of what’s best for an engineer.
I’ve personally assembled hundreds of early EasyPIC™ boards myself with my home soldering iron.
Today, we present you the 7th generation of the board, which brings us some exciting new features. We hope
that you will like it as much as we do.
Use it wisely and have fun!
Nebojsa Matic,
Owner and General Manager
of mikroElektronika
Table of contents
Introduction
Connectivity
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
04
mikroBUS™ sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
It's good to know . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
05
Input/Output Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
Power Supply
Dual power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays
06
Supported MCUs
Supported microcontrollers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
08
LCD 2x16 characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
GLCD 128x64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
Touch panel controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
4 digit 7-seg display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
Modules
Programming
On-board programmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
DS1820 - Digital Temperature Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
Installing programmer drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
LM35 - Analog Temperature Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
Programming software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
ADC inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
mikroICD™ - In Circuit Debugger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
I2C EEPROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
Piezo Buzzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
Additional GNDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Communication
UART via RS-232 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
UART via USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
What’s next
USB connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
What’s Next? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
page 3
introduction
Introduction
EasyPIC™ is an old friend. It has been with us for six generations. Many of
us made our first steps in embedded world with EasyPIC™. Today it has
thousands of users: students, hobbyists, enthusiasts and professionals.
It’s used in many schools and other educational institutions across the
globe. We may say that it’s the most famous PIC development system
in the world. We asked ourselves what we can do to make such a great
board even greater. And we made some brilliant changes. We focused
all of our creativity and knowledge into making a revolutionary new
design, unlike any previous version of the board. We now present
you with the new version 7 that brings so much more, and we
hope that you will be thrilled with your new board, just as we are.
EasyPIC™ development Team
Four Connectors for each port
3.3V and 5V power supply
Amazing connectivity
Everything is already here
™
mikroProg on board
Dual Power Supply
mikroBUS support
EasyPIC™ v7 is all about
connectivity. Having four
different connectors for
each port, you can connect
accessory boards, sensors and
your custom electronics easier
then ever before.
Powerful on-board mikroProg™
programmer and In-Circuit
debugger can program
and debug over 250
microcontrollers. You will
need it, whether you are a
professional or a beginner.
EasyPIC™ v7 is among few
development boards which
support both 3.3V and 5V
microcontrollers. This feature
greatly increases the number of
supported MCUs. It’s like having
two boards instead of one!
Just plug in your Click™ board,
and it’s ready to work. We
picked up a set of the most
useful pins you need for
development and made a
pinout standard you will
enjoy using.
page 4
For easier connections
™
introduction
It's good to know
PIC18F45K22 is the new default microcontroller!
System Specification
Until now, EasyPIC™ development boards were equipped with
- More power than ever before
PIC16® as the default chip. Now we are giving you more
- Great choice for both beginners
power than ever before. PIC18F45K22 is the new default
power supply
7–23V AC or 9–32V DC
or via USB cable (5V DC)
and professionals
chip of EasyPIC™ v7! It has 16 MIPS operation, 64K bytes of
- Rich with modules
linear program memory, 3896 bytes of linear data memory,
- Enough RAM and Flash
and support for a wide range of power supply from 1.8V to
- Comes with examples for
5V. It’s loaded with great modules: 36 General purpose I/O
mikroC, mikroBasic and
pins, 30 Analog Input pins (AD), Digital-To-Analog Converter
mikroPascal compilers
power consumption
~85mA when all peripheral
modules are disconnected
board dimensions
266 x 220mm (10.47 x 8.66 inch)
(DAC), support for Capacitive Touch Sensing using Charge
Time Measurement Unit (CTMU), three 8-bit timers and four
weight
~445g (0.981 lbs)
16-bit timers. It also has pair of CCP, Comparators and
MSSP modules (which can be either SPI or I2C).
Package contains
19122011
www.mikroe.com
We present
you with a
complete color
to make electr
schematics
onics more
for EasyPIC
understand
most used
™ v7 devel
able, even
SMD comp
opment board
for absolu
onents, and
. We wante
te beginners,
what your
made additi
d
board is consis
so we provid
onal comm
ed photos
ted of, and
ents and drawi
of
how it actua
ngs so you
lly works.
can get to
know
Copyright ©2011 Mikroelektronika.
All rights reserved. Mikroelektronika, Mikroelektronika logo and other
Mikroelektronika trademarks are the property of Mikroelektronika.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Unauthorized copying, hiring, renting, public performance
and broadcasting of this DVD prohibited.
1
Damage resistant
protective box
2
EasyPIC™ v7 board in
antistatic bag
3
USB cable
4
User Manuals and
Board schematic
5
DVD with examples
and documentation
page 5
power supply
Dual power supply
Board contains switching power supply
that creates stable voltage and
current levels necessary for
powering each part of the
board. Power supply section
contains two power regulators:
MC34063A, which generates
VCC-5V, and MC33269DT3.3 which
creates VCC-3.3V power supply. The board
can be powered in three different ways: with USB
power supply (CN2), using external adapters via adapter
connector (CN31) or additional screw terminals (CN30). External
adapter voltage levels must be in range of 9-32V DC or 7-23V AC. Use
jumper J6 to specify which power source you are using and jumper J5 to specify
whether you are using 5V or 3.3V power supply. Upon providing the power using either
external adapter or USB power source you can turn on power supply by using SWITCH 1 (Figure
3-1). Power LED (Green ON) will indicate the presence of power supply.
1
3
VCC-5V
Vin
2
Vout
VCC-3.3
C14
100nF
VCC-BRD
E6
220uF/35V LESR
3
3
GND
4
USB
VCC-5V
VCC-5V
2
1
2
C19
100nF
VCC-5V
1
CN2
VCC
R66
2K2
3.3V VOLTAGE REGULATOR
SWITCH1
L4
FERRITE
LD37
E7
10uF
MC33269DT3.3
E4
10uF
VCC-USB
VCC-5V
REG1
GND
Figure 3-1: Dual power supply unit of EasyPIC™ v7
VCC-3.3
J5
U3
VCC-USB
1
VCC-SW
L2
220uH
2
J6
3
E2
220uF/35V LESR
D1
MBRS140T3
C8
220pF
4
SWC
DRVC
SWE
IPK
CT
GND
VIN
CMPR
8
R65
0.22
D13
D12
1N4007
1N4007
D14
D15
1N4007
1N4007
7
6
5
MC34063A
5V SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY
CN31
VCC-EXT
VCC-SW
R34
3K
E1
220uF/35V LESR
R35
1K
Figure 3-2: Dual power supply unit schematic
page 6
CN30
Power supply: Power capacity: power supply
EasyPIC™ v7 development board supports both
3.3V and 5V power supply on a single board.
This feature enables you to use wide range of
peripheral boards.
via DC connector or screw terminals
(7V to 23V AC or 9V to 32V DC),
or via USB cable (5V DC)
up to 500mA with USB, and up to 600mA with external power supply
How to power the board?
1. With USB cable
1
2
3
4
5
6
Set J6 jumper to
USB position
To power the board with USB cable, place jumper J6 in
USB position and place jumper J5 in 5V or 3.3V position.
You can then plug in the USB cable as shown on images
1 and 2 , and turn the power switch ON.
2. Using adapter
Set J6 jumper to
EXT position
To power the board via adapter connector, place jumper
J6 in EXT position, and place jumper J5 in 5V or 3.3V
position. You can then plug in the adapter cable as shown
on images 3 and 4 , and turn the power switch ON.
3. With laboratory power supply
Set J6 jumper to
EXT position
To power the board using screw terminals, place jumper
J6 in EXT position, and place jumper J5 in 5V or 3.3V
position. You can then screw-on the cables in the screw
terminals as shown on images 5 and 6 , and turn the
power switch ON.
page 7
The board contains eight DIP sockets: DIP40, DIP28, DIP20, DIP18A, DIP18B, DIP14,
DIP8 and support for PIC10F MCUs. With dual power supply and smart on-board
mikroProg, board is capable of programming over 250 microcontrollers from PIC10F,
PIC12F, PIC16F, PIC16Enh, PIC18F, PIC18FJ and PIC18FK families.
There are two DIP18 sockets for PIC microcontrollers provided on the board - DIP18A
and DIP18B. Which of these sockets you will use depends solely on the pinout of
the microcontroller in use. The EasyPIC™ v7 development system comes with the
PIC18F45K22 microcontroller in a DIP40 package.
IMPORTANT: When using PIC18F2331 or PIC18F2431 microcontrollers it is necessary
to place J20 jumper, in order to route VCC power line to RA5 pin (Figure 4-1)
RA5
J22
C35
100nF
C36
100nF
RA5-DIP40
for PIC18F44J10, PIC18F45J10
RA4
E11
10uF
RA7-MCU
RA6-MCU
RC0
RC1
RC2
RC3-MCU
RD0
RD1
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
RA4
J10
E13
10uF
RA5
DIP28
MCLR-RE3
RA0
RA1
RA2
RA3
RA4-DIP28
RA5-DIP28
RA7-MCU
RA6-MCU
RC0
RC1
RC2
RC3-MCU
RD7
RD6
RD5
RD4
RC7
RC6
RC5-MCU
RC4-MCU
RD3
RD2
for PIC18F2331/2431
J20
M1X2
RA5-DIP28
VCC-MCU
VCC-MCU
C38
100nF
RA5-DIP28
RA0
RA1
RA4
MCLR-RA5
RA5-MCU
RA4-MCU
MCLR-RA3
RC5
RC4
RC3
RC6
RC7
RB7
RC7
RC6
RC5-MCU
RC4-MCU
DIP18B
RB7-MCU
RB6-MCU
RB5
RB4
VCC-MCU
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
RA1
RA0
RA7-MCU
RA6-MCU
RB7-MCU
RB6-MCU
RB5
RB4
DIP14
VCC-MCU
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
RA5-MCU
RA4-MCU
MCLR-RA3
RC5
RC4
RC3
RA0-MCU
RA1-MCU
RA2-MCU
RC0
RC1
RC2
RB4
RB5
RB6
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
RA0-MCU
RA1-MCU
RA2
RC0
RC1
RC2
8
7
6
5
RA0-MCU
RA1-MCU
RA2
DIP SKT 14
DIP8
VCC-MCU
1
2
3
4
RA5-MCU
RA4-MCU
MCLR-RA3
DIP SKT 8
10F MCU
VCC-MCU
RA2
RA7
RA1-MCU RA7-MCU
RA7-OSC1
DIP SKT 20
RB3
RB2
RA7-MCU
RA6-MCU
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
DIP SKT 18
RB7-MCU
RB6-MCU
RB5
RB4
RB3
RB2
RB1
RB0
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
C39
100nF
VCC-MCU
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
RA2
RA3
RA4
MCLR-RA5
VCC-MCU
DIP20
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
C40
100nF
DIP SKT 18
RB0
RB1
RB2
RB3
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
C42
100nF
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
RA2
RA3
RB0
RB1
DIP SKT 28
J23
C37
100nF
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
C11
100nF
DIP18A
RB7-MCU
RB6-MCU
RB5
RB4
RB3
RB2
RB1
RB0
DIP SKT 40
for PIC18F24J10, PIC18F25J10
PIC18F2XJ50, PIC18F2XJ11
C12
100nF
VCC-MCU
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
MCLR-RE3
RA0
RA1
RA2
RA3
RA4-DIP40
RA5-DIP40
RE0
RE1
RE2
VCC-MCU VCC-MCU VCC-MCU VCC-MCU VCC-MCU
C13
100nF
RA4-DIP40
for PIC16F722/723/726
Some PIC16F, PIC18FK and all PIC18FJ microcontrollers have cores that work
on 1.8V-2.5V voltage range, and peripherals that work with 3.3V and 5V
voltages. Internally, those microcontrollers have power regulators, which adjust
the core voltage levels. In order for those devices to have a stable operation of
the core, manufacturer recommends that decoupling capacitive filters should
be provided, and connected between specific microcontroller pins designated
with VCAP and GND. EasyPIC v7 board provides jumpers which are used for this
purpose. Here is list of devices that require jumpers placed in VCAP position:
C10
100nF
C9
100nF
DIP40
VCC-MCU
for PIC16F724/727
RA4-DIP28
VCAP jumpers explained
C33
100nF
E14
10uF
J7
1
2
3
4
MCLR-RA3
8
7
6
5
RA6
RA0-MCU
RA6-MCU
RA6-OSC2
DIP SKT 8J13
X1
C6
22pF
8MHz SYS
C7
22pF
Figure 4-1: Schematic of on-board DIP sockets and VCAP jumpers
(see figure 4-1)
supported MCUs
Supported
microcontrollers
VCC-MCU VCC-MCU VCC-MCU VCC-MCU VCC-MCU
J22 VCAP position when using PIC16F724/16F727
J17 VCAP position for PIC18F44J10 and PIC18F45J10
J10 VCAP for PIC18F24J10, PIC18F25J10 PIC18F2XJ50, PIC18F2XJ11
RA7
RA7-MCU
RA7-OSC1
RA6
RA6-MCU
RA6-OSC2
If you do not place VCAP jumper for the MCUs that need it,
you might experience some instabilities in program execution.
RA4
RA4-MCU
RA4-OSC1
J14
J13
J23 VCAP for PIC16F722, PIC16F723, PIC16F726
IMPORTANT:
RA5
RA5-MCU
RA5-OSC2
C6
22pF
Figure 4-2:
crystal
oscillators
X1
X2
8MHz SYS
8MHz SEC
C22
22pF
C7
22pF
page 8
RA5
RA5-MCU
RA4
RA4-MCU
C21
22pF
1
2
supported MCUs
How to properly place your microcontroller into the DIP socket?
3
Figure 4-3: Place both ends of microcontroller on
the socket so the pins are aligned correctly
Figure 4-4: with both fingers, evenly distribute
the force and press the chip into the socket.
Figure 4-5: Properly placed microcontroller will
have equally leveled pins.
Before you plug the microcontroller into the
appropriate socket, make sure that the power
supply is turned off. Images above show how to
correctly plug a microcontroller. First make sure that
a half circular cut in the microcontroller DIP packaging
matches the cut in the DIP socket. Place both ends of
the microcontroller into the socket as shown in Figure
4-3. Then put the microcontroller slowly down until
all the pins match the socket as shown in Figure 4-4.
Check again if everything is placed correctly and press
the microcontroller until it is completely plugged into
the socket as shown in Figure 4-5.
IMPORTANT:
Only one microcontroller may be plugged into the development board at the same time.
Using crystal oscillators
1
Figure 4-6: RA6 and RA7 as I/O pins
(when using internal oscillator)
2
Figure 4-7: RA6 and RA7 connected
to X1 quartz-crystal
PIC microcontrollers normally use a quartz crystal for the purpose of providing
clock frequency. The EasyPIC™ v7 provides two sockets for quartz-crystal.
Microcontrollers in DIP18A, DIP18B, DIP28 and DIP40 packages use socket
X1 (OSC1) for quartz-crystal.
3
Figure 4-8: RA4 and RA5 as I/O pins
(when using internal oscillator)
4
Figure 4-9: RA4 and RA5 connected
to X2 quartz-crystal
If you want to use microcontrollers in DIP8, DIP14 and DIP20 packages, it is
necessary to put quartz crystal into socket X2 (OSC2). The value of the quartzcrystal depends on the maximum clock frequency allowed and your application.
You can always exchange the default 8MHz crystal with another one.
IMPORTANT: Microcontrollers which are plugged into socket 10F use their own internal oscillator and are not connected to any of the mentioned quartz-crystal sockets.
page 9
programming
On-board programmer
What is mikroProg™?
mikroProg™ is a fast USB 2.0 programmer with mikroICD™ hardware
In-Circuit Debugger. Smart engineering allows mikroProg™ to support
all PIC10, PIC12, PIC16, PIC18, devices in a single programmer! It
supports over 250 microcontrollers from Microchip®. Outstanding
performance and easy operation are among it's top features.
How do I start?
In order to start using mikroProg™ and program your microcontroller,
you just have to follow two simple steps:
1. Install the necessary software
- Install USB drivers
- Install mikroProg Suite™ for PIC® software
2. Power up the board, and you are ready to go.
- Plug in the programmer USB cable
- LINK LED should light up.
Why so many LEDs?
Three LEDs indicate specific programmer
operation. Link LED lights up when USB
link is established with your PC, Active
LED lights up when programmer is active.
Data is on when data is being transferred
between the programmer and PC software
(compiler or mikroProg Suite™ for PIC®).
NOTE:
page 10
If you use other than the default PIC18F45K22 MCU,
make sure that programmer jumpers are placed in proper
positions for your microcontroller socket.
MCLR pin
selection
Programing
lines selection
MCLR pin
function
Before using the programmer,
make sure to set MCLR pin jumpers
J1 and J2, so that MCLR line is
routed to the correct socket for
your microcontroller. If you are
using the default PIC18F45K22,
jumpers are supposed to be set for
DIP40, as shown below.
Jumpers J8 and J9 are
used to select PGC and
PGD programming lines
for your microcontroller.
Make sure to place
jumpers in the proper
position for your socket.
Using jumper J19 you can
specify whether MCLR
pin of your microcontroller
is connected to the onboard reset circuit, or
acts just as I/O pin.
DIP40,
DIP28
DIP18A,
DIP18B
DIP20
DIP14
DIP8
DIP40,
DIP28,
DIP18A,
DIP18B
DIP20,
DIP14,
DIP8
MCLR
as
MCLR
MCLR
as I/O
VCC-MCU
ACTIVE DATA
VCC-3.3
VCC-3.3
VCC-BRD
VCC-3.3V
programming
LINK
VCC-5V
VCC-5V
VCC-USB
LD38
LD39
LD40
VCC-BRD
C18
100nF
R67
2K2
R68
4K7
L4
FERRITE
R69
6K8
VCC-BRD
T65
1
USBPROG_N
D-
2
USBPROG_P
D+
3
GND
4
C19
100nF
R7
10K
R6
DATA BUS
LED-DATA
LED-ACT
LED-USB
CN2
VCC
USB
#RST
1K
BRD-PGD
BRD-PGC
BRD-VPP
MCU-VPP
MCU-PGC
MCU-PGD
C41
100nF
MCLR-RE3
MCLR-RA5
MCLR-RA3
MCU-VPP
RE3
RA5
RA3
J2
VCC-BRD
CN28
1
2
3
4
5
6
MCU-PGC
MCU-PGD
BRD-PGC
MCU-VPP
RST#
J1
RB6-MCU
RA1-MUX
RB6
RA1
MCU-PGC
I/O
J8
RB7-MCU
RA0-MUX
RB7
RA0
MCU-PGD
BRD-PGD
J9
BRD-VPP
I/O
J19
ICD
Figure 5-1: mikroProg™ block schematic
Programming with ICD2/ICD3
EasyPIC™ v7 is equipped with RJ-12 connector compatible with
Microchip® ICD2® and ICD3® external programmers. You can
either use the on-board mikroProg™ programmer or external
programming tools as long as you use only one of them in the
same time. But you still have to set the appropriate jumpers,
as described in the previous page. Insert your ICD programmer
cable into connector CN28, as shown in images 1 and 2 .
1
2
page 11
On-board mikroProg™ requires drivers in order to work.
Drivers are located on the Product DVD that you received
with the EasyPIC™ v7 package:
DVD://download/eng/software/
development-tools/universal/
mikroprog/mikroprog_for_pic_
drivers_v200.zip
19122011
www.mikroe.com
Av
ai
Copyright ©2011 Mikroelektronika.
All rights reserved. Mikroelektronika, Mikroelektronika logo and other
Mikroelektronika trademarks are the property of Mikroelektronika.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Unauthorized copying, hiring, renting, public performance
and broadcasting of this DVD prohibited.
lab
le on Product
D!
programming
Installing programmer drivers
DV
When you locate the drivers, please
extract files from the ZIP archive. Folder with extracted
files contains sub folders with drivers for different
operating systems. Depending on which operating system
you use, choose adequate folder and open it.
In the opened folder you should
be able to locate the driver
setup file. Double click on setup
file to begin installation of the
programmer drivers.
page 12
Step 1 - Start Installation
Step 2 - Accept EULA
Welcome screen of the installation. Just click on Next
button to proceed.
Carefully read End User License Agreement. If you
agree with it, click Next to proceed.
Step 3 - Installing drivers
Drivers are installed automatically in a matter of
seconds.
Step 4 - Finish installation
You will be informed if the drivers are installed correctly.
Click on Finish button to end installation process.
mikroProg Suite™ for PIC®
On-board mikroProg™ programmer requires special programming software called
mikroProg Suite™ for PIC®. This software is used for programming all of Microchip®
microcontroller families, including PIC10, PIC12, PIC16, PIC18, dsPIC30/33, PIC24
and PIC32. Software has intuitive interface and SingleClick™
programming technology. To begin, first locate the installation
archive on the Product DVD:
19122011
le on Produc
D!
Av
Copyright ©2011 Mikroelektronika.
All rights reserved. Mikroelektronika, Mikroelektronika logo and other
Mikroelektronika trademarks are the property of Mikroelektronika.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Unauthorized copying, hiring, renting, public performance
and broadcasting of this DVD prohibited.
lab
Installation wizard - 6 simple steps
DVD://download/eng/software/development-tools/universal/
mikroprog/mikroprog_suite_for_pic_v225.zip
www.mikroe.com
ai
programming
Programming software
V
tD
After downloading, extract the package and double click the
executable setup file, to start installation.
Step 2 - Accept EULA and continue
Step 1 - Start Installation
Step 3 - Install for All users or
current user
Step 5 - Installation in progress
Step 4 - Choose destination folder
Step 6 - Finish Installation
page 13
programming
mikroICD - In Circuit Debugger
™
What is Debugging?
Every developer comes to a point where he has to monitor the
code execution in order to find errors in the code, or simply
to see if everything is going as planed. This hunt for bugs, or
errors in the code is called debugging. There are two ways
to do this: one is the software simulation, which enables
you to simulate what is supposed to be happening on the
microcontroller as your code lines are executed, and the other,
most reliable one, is monitoring the code execution on the
MCU itself. And this latter one is called In-Circuit debugging.
"In-Circuit" means that it is the real deal - code executes right
on the target device.
How do I use the debugger?
When you build your project for debugging, and program
the microcontroller with this HEX file, you can start the
debugger using [F9] command. Compiler will change layout
to debugging view, and a blue line will mark where code
execution is currently paused. Use debugging toolbar in
the Watch Window to guide the program execution and
stop anytime. Add the desired variables to Watch Window and
monitor their values. Complete guide to using mikroICD™ with
your compiler is provided within the EasyPIC™ v7 package.
mikroICD
™
bugger
in-circuit de
Figure 5-2: mikroICD™ manual
explains debugging thoroughly
What is mikroICD™?
The on-board mikroProg™ programmer supports mikroICD™ - a
highly effective tool for a Real-Time debugging on hardware
level. The mikroICD™ debugger enables you to execute your
program on the host PIC microcontroller and view variable
values, Special Function Registers (SFR), RAM, CODE and
EEPROM memory along with the mikroICD™ code execution
on hardware. Whether you are a beginner, or a professional,
this powerful tool, with intuitive interface and convenient
set of commands will enable you to track down bugs quickly.
mikroICD™ is one of the fastest, and most reliable debugging
tools on the market.
Supported Compilers
All MikroElektronika compilers, mikroC™, mikroBasic™ and
mikroPascal™ for PIC®, dsPIC® and PIC32® natively support
mikroICD™. Specialized mikroICD™ DLL module allows compilers
to exploit the full potential of fast hardware debugging.
Along with compilers, make sure to install the appropriate
programmer drivers and mikroProg Suite™ for PIC®
programming software, as described on pages 12 and 13.
page 14
Figure 5-3: mikroC PRO for PIC® compiler in debugging view, with SFR registers in Watch Window
Here is a short overview of which debugging commands are supported in mikroElektronika compilers. You can see what each command does,
and what are their shortcuts when you are in debugging mode. It will give you some general picture of what your debugger can do.
Toolbar
Icon
Command Name
Shortcut
Description
Start Debugger
[F9]
Starts Debugger.
Run/Pause Debugger
[F6]
Run/Pause Debugger.
Stop Debugger
[Ctrl + F2]
Stops Debugger.
Step Into
[F7]
Executes the current program line, then halts. If the executed
program line calls another routine, the debugger steps into the
routine and halts after executing the first instruction within it.
Step Over
[F8]
Executes the current program line, then halts. If the executed program
line calls another routine, the debugger will not step into it. The whole
routine will be executed and the debugger halts at the first instruction
following the call.
Step Out
[Ctrl + F8]
Executes all remaining program lines within the subroutine. The
debugger halts immediately upon exiting the subroutine.
Run To Cursor
[F4]
Executes the program until reaching the cursor position.
Toggle Breakpoint
[F5]
Toggle breakpoints option sets new breakpoints or removes those
already set at the current cursor position.
Show/Hide breakpoints
[Shift+F4]
Shows/Hides window with all breakpoints
Clears breakpoints
[Shift+Ctrl+F5]
Delete selected breakpoints
Jump to interrupt
[F2]
Opens window with available interrupts (doesn't work in mikroICD™
mode)
page 15
programming
mikroICD™ commands
The UART (universal asynchronous
receiver/transmitter) is one of the most
common ways of exchanging data between
the MCU and peripheral components. It is
a serial protocol with separate transmit and
receive lines, and can be used for full-duplex
communication. Both sides must be initialized with
the same baud rate, otherwise the data will not be
received correctly.
Enabling RS-232
RS-232 serial communication is performed through a
9-pin SUB-D connector and the microcontroller UART
module. In order to enable this communication, it
is necessary to establish a connection between
RX and TX lines on SUB-D connector and the
same pins on the target microcontroller using
DIP switches. Since RS-232 communication
voltage levels are different than
microcontroller logic levels, it is
necessary to use a RS-232
Transceiver circuit, such as
MAX3232 as shown
on Figure 6-1.
3
4
5
RX-FTDI
6
J3
C28
100nF
7
8
C30
100nF
SW1
2
3
4
TX
5
TX-FTDI
6
J4
7
8
SW2
3
4
5
6
1
TX-232
RC6
RB5
RB2
RB1
RA2
RB7
RC4
RD6
7
8
C31
100nF
VCC
C1+
V+
GND
T1OUT
C1C2+
R1IN
C2-
R1OUT
V-
T1IN
T2OUT
T2IN
R2OUT
R2IN
15
14
13
12
11
E8
10uF
1
6
2
7
3
8
4
9
5
10
9
RS232
MAX3232
C29
100nF
16
1
2
CN37
VCC-MCU
R32
100K
TX-232
RX-232
page 16
Figure 6-1: RS-232 connection schematic
RS2 32
CONNECTOR
2
RX
1
VCC-MCU
6
N
O
1
RX-232
RC7
RB2
RB1
RB4
RA3
RB5
RC5
RD7
U4
9
VCC-MCU
DATA BUS
5
In order to enable RS-232
communication, you must set J3
and J4 jumpers in the RS-232
position, and enable desired RX
and TX lines via SW1 and SW2
DIP switches. For example, if you
want to enable RS-232 connection
on UART1 module of the default
PIC18F45K22 chip, you should
enable SW1.1 (RC7) and SW2.1
(RC6) lines.
N
O
communication
UART via RS-232
Modern PC computers, laptops and notebooks are
no longer equipped with RS-232 connectors and
UART controllers. They are nowadays replaced with
USB connectors and USB controllers. Still, certain technology
enables UART communication to be done via USB connection.
FT232RL from FTDI® convert UART signals to the appropriate USB
standard. In order to use USB-UART module on EasyPIC™ v7, you must
first install FTDI drivers on your computer. Drivers can be
found on Product DVD:
DVD://download/eng/software/development-tools/
universal/ftdi/vcp_drivers.zip
19122011
Copyright ©2011 Mikroelektronika.
All rights reserved. Mikroelektronika, Mikroelektronika logo and other
Mikroelektronika trademarks are the property of Mikroelektronika.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Unauthorized copying, hiring, renting, public performance
and broadcasting of this DVD prohibited.
USB-UART communication is being done through
a FT232RL controller, USB connector (CN32),
and microcontroller UART module. To establish this connection,
you must put J3 and J4 jumpers in the USB-UART
position, and connect RX and TX lines to the
appropriate pins of the microcontroller.
This connection is done using DIP
switches SW1 and SW2.
ai
Av
In order to enable USB-UART
communication, you must set J3
and J4 jumpers in the USB-UART
position, and enable desired RX
and TX lines via SW1 and SW2 DIP
switches. For example, if you want
to enable USB-UART connection
on UART1 module of the default
PIC18F45K22 chip, you should
enable SW1.1 (RC7) and SW2.1
(RC6) lines.
lab
le on Product
DATA BUS
N
O
1
2
3
4
5
6
J3
7
8
RC7
RB2
RB1
RB4
RA3
RB5
RC5
RD7
N
O
SW1
1
2
3
TX-232
4
TX
5
TX-FTDI
DV
VCC-MCU
RX
RX-FTDI
D!
www.mikroe.com
6
J4
7
8
RC6
RB5
RB2
RB1
RA2
RB7
RC4
RD6
RX-FTDI
TX-FTDI
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
VCC-5V
U2
OSCO
TXD
DTR#
OSCI
RTS#
TEST
AGND
VCCIO
RXD
NC
RI#
CBUS0
GND
CBUS1
FT232RL GND
NC
DSR#
VCC
DCD#
RESET#
CTS#
GND
CBUS4
3V3OUT
CBUS2
USBDM
CBUS3
USBDP
FT232RL
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
VCC-MCU
RX-LED
TX-LED
VCC-MCU
R8
2K2
R9
4K7
RX
TX
CN32
US B UA RT
CONNECTOR
Enabling USB-UART
RX-232
communication
UART via USB
VCC 1
R78
4K7
D-
2
D+
3
GND 4
USB B
R79
10K
C32
100nF
VCC-MCU
VCC-5V
C34
100nF
VCC-5V
C50
100nF
E12
10uF
SW2
Figure 7-1: USB-UART connection schematic
page 17
communication
USB connection
USB connector (CN4) which enables
microcontrollers that support USB
communication to establish a connection
with the target host (eg. PC, Laptop, etc).
Selection of communication lines is done
using jumpers J12 or J18, depending on
the target microcontroller.
When communication lines are
routed from the microcontroller to the
USB connector using mentioned jumpers,
they are cut off from the rest of the
board, and cannot be accessed via PORT
Figure 8-4: USB connection schematic
(jumpers are in USB disabled position)
DATA BUS
Enabling USB connection
Depending on your target microcontroller, USB communication can be enabled on
PORTA or PORTC. For PIC18(L)F1XK50 you should put J18 jumpers in the USB
position (Figure 8-3). For PIC18Fxx(J)50, PIC18Fxx(J)53, PIC18Fxx(J)55
and PIC18Fxx58 place J12 jumpers in the USB position (Figure 8-2).
PIC18F4550
PIC18F2XJ50
RC3
J12
headers.
Dedicated USB ON LED
signalizes the presence of USB connection,
when the USB cable is inserted into the
USB connector.
VCC-3.3
RC3-MCU
CN4
RC4
RC4-MCU
RC5
RC5-MCU
RA2
J18
RA2-MCU
RA1-MCU
Figure 8-1:
USB function disabled
page 18
Figure 8-2:
USB enabled on PORTC
Figure 8-3:
USB enabled on PORTA
RA0-MUX
RA0-MCU
PIC18F1XK50
PIC18LF1XK50
1
D-
2
D+
3
L44
GND
USB ON
R11
4K7
RA1-MUX
VCC
4
USB B
US B
CONNECTOR
USB is the acronym for Universal Serial
Bus. This is a very popular industry
standard that defines cables, connectors
and protocols used for communication
and power supply between computers
and other devices. EasyPIC™ v7 contains
mikroBUS sockets
Easier connectivity and simple configuration are
imperative in modern electronic devices. Success
of the USB standard comes from it’s simplicity of
usage and high and reliable data transfer rates.
As we in mikroElektronika see it, Plug-and-Play
devices with minimum settings are the future in
embedded world too. This is why our engineers
have come up with a simple, but brilliant pinout
with lines that most of today’s accessory boards
require, which almost completely eliminates the
need of additional hardware settings. We called
this new standard the mikroBUS™. EasyPIC™ v7
is the first development board in the world to
support mikroBUS™ with two on-board sockets.
As you can see, there are no additional DIP
switches, or jumper selections. Everything is
connectivity
™
already routed to the most appropriate pins of
the microcontroller sockets.
mikroBUS™ host connector
mikroBUS™ pinout explained
Each mikroBUS™ host connector consists of
two 1x8 female headers containing pins
that are most likely to be used in the target
accessory board. There are three groups
of communication pins: SPI, UART and I2C
communication. There are also single pins
for PWM, Interrupt, Analog input, Reset
and Chip Select. Pinout contains two power
groups: +5V and GND on one header and
+3.3V and GND on the other 1x8 header.
AN - Analog pin
RST - Reset pin
CS - SPI Chip Select line
SCK - SPI Clock line
MISO - SPI Slave Output line
MOSI - SPI Slave Input line
+3.3V - VCC-3.3V power line
GND - Reference Ground
PWM - PWM output line
INT - Hardware Interrupt line
RX - UART Receive line
TX - UART Transmit line
SCL - I2C Clock line
SDA - I2C Data line
+5V - VCC-5V power line
GND - Reference Ground
DATA BUS
RA2
RE1
RE0
RC3
RC4
RC5
VCC-3.3V
AN
RST
CS
SCK
MISO
MOSI
3.3V
GND
1
PWM
INT
RX
TX
SCL
SDA
5V
GND
R90
RC0
1K RB0
RC7
RC6
RC3
RC4
VCC-5V
RA3
RE2
RA5
RC3
RC4
RC5
VCC-3.3V
AN
RST
CS
SCK
MISO
MOSI
3.3V
GND
2
PWM
INT
RX
TX
SCL
SDA
5V
GND
R91
RC1
1K RB1
RC7
RC6
RC3
RC4
Figure 9-1:
mikroBUS™
connection
schematic
VCC-5V
Integrate mikroBUS™ in your design
mikroBUS™ is not made to be only a part of our development boards. You can freely
place mikroBUS™ host connectors in your final PCB designs, as long as you clearly
mark them with mikroBUS™ logo and footprint specifications. For more information,
logo artwork and PCB files visit our website:
http://www.mikroe.com/mikrobus
page 19
connectivity
ADC click™
BEE click™
BlueTooth click™
MP3 click™
RTC2 click™
Click Boards are plug-n-play!
™
mikroElektronika portfolio of over 200 accessory boards is now enriched
by an additional set of mikroBUS™ compatible Click Boards™. Almost each
month several new Click boards™ are released. It is our intention to provide
the community with as much of these boards as possible, so you will be able
to expand your EasyPIC™ v7 with additional functionality with literally zero
LightHz click™
page 20
microSD click™
hardware configuration. Just plug and play. Visit the Click boards™ webpage
for the complete list of available boards:
http://www.mikroe.com/eng/categories/view/102/click-boards/
DAC click™
DIGIPOT click™
SHT1x click™
connectivity
WiFi PLUS click™
GPS click™
RS485 click™
CAN SPI click™
THERMO click™
Code Examples
It easy to get your Click™ board
up and running. We provided
the examples for mikroC™,
mikroBasic™ and mikroPascal™
compilers on our Libstock
community website. Just
download them and you are
ready to start:
http://www.libstock.com
page 21
connectivity
Input/Output Group
One of the most distinctive features of
EasyPIC™ v7 are it’s Input/Output PORT groups.
They add so much to the connectivity potential of
the board.
Everything is grouped together
PORT headers, PORT buttons and PORT LEDs are next to each other, and
grouped together. It makes development easier, and the entire EasyPIC™ v7
Figure 10-1: I/O group contains PORT headers, tri-state pull
cleaner and well organized. We have also provided an additional PORT headers
up/down DIP switch, buttons and LEDs all in one place
on the left side of the board, so you can access any pin you want from both sides of
the board. Some PORT pins are directly connected to the microcontroller, and some that are connected to other on-board modules are enabled via jumpers (for
example USB jumpers, J12 and J18).
Tri-state pull-up/down DIP switches
RC7
RC6
RC5
RC4
RC3
RC2
RC1
RC0
DATA BUS
RC0
RC1
RC2
RC3
RC4
RC5
RC6
RC7
4k7
UP
PULL
DOWN
RC0
RC2
RC4
RC6
+1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
RC1
RC3
RC5
RC7
VCC-BRD
_
SW7
CN15
RC0
RC2
RC4
RC6
VCC-BRD
RC1
RC3
RC5
RC7
RC0
RC2
RC4
RC6
VCC-BRD
CN10
RC1
RC3
RC5
RC7
CN20
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
VCC-BRD
VCC-MCU
CN25
N
O
Tri-state DIP switches, like SW7 on Figure 10-2, are used to
enable 4K7 pull-up or pull-down resistor on any desired port
pin. Each of these switches has three states:
1. middle position disables both
pull-up and pull-down feature from
the PORT pin
2. up position connects the resistor
in pull-up state to the selected pin
3. down position connects the
Figure 10-2: Tri-state resistor in pull-down state to the
DIP switch on PORTC selected PORT pin.
1
2
RN8-8
10K
3
PC_LED
4
RN8-7
10K
RN8-6
10K
RN8-5
10K
RN8-4
10K
RN8-3
10K
RN8-2
10K
RN8-1
10K
5
LD18
LD17
RC0
LD19
RC1
LD20
RC2
LD21
RC3
8
RC7
LD22
RC4
LD23
RC6
LD24
7
VCC-MCU
RC5
6
J24
Figure 10-3: Schematic of the single I/O group connected to microcontroller PORTC
page 22
T19
T18
RC0
T20
RC1
T21
RC2
T22
RC3
T23
RC4
T24
RC5
220
DISABLE
PROTECTION
J17
RC6
R80
RC7
SW3
PRESS_LEVEL
T17
connectivity
Headers Buttons
LEDs
With enhanced connectivity as one of the key features of
EasyPIC v7, we have provided four connection headers
for each PORT. I/O PORT group contains two male IDC10
headers (like CN10 and CN15 on Figure 10-3). These
headers are all compatible with over 70 mikroElektronika
accessory boards, and enable simple connection. There is
one more IDC10 header available on the left side of the
board, next to the section with displays.
LED (Light-Emitting
Diode) is a highly
efficient electronic
light source. When
connecting LEDs, it
Microcontroller
is necessary to place
SMD resistor a current limiting
limiting current resistor in series
through the LED so that LEDs are
provided with the
current value specified by the manufacturer. The current
varies from 0.2mA to 20mA, depending on the type of the
LED and the manufacturer.. The EasyPIC™ v7 board uses
low-current LEDs with typical current consumption of
0.2mA or 0.3mA, depending of VCC voltage selection.
Board contains 36 LEDs
which can be used for visual
indication of the logic state
on PORT pins. An active LED
indicates that a logic high
(1) is present on the pin. In
order to enable PORT LEDs,
it is necessary to enable the
corresponding DIP switches
Figure 10-6: SW3.1
on SW3 (Figure 10-6).
through SW3.4
switches are used to
enable PORT LEDs
NOTE: Because of it's orientation, header on the left side
of the board is not meant for placing accessory boards
directly. Instead, use wire jumpers or other ways to
establish connection and utilize these pins.
I/O PORT group also contains 1x10 connection pad (like
CN25 on Figure 10-3) which can be used for connecting
mikroElektronika PROTO boards, or custom user boards.
The logic state of all
microcontroller digital
inputs may be changed
using push buttons.
Jumper J17 is available
Figure 10-5: Button press
for selecting which logic
level jumper (J17)
state will be applied
to corresponding MCU pin when button is pressed
in any I/O port group. If you, for example, place J17
in VCC position, then pressing of any push button in
PORT I/O group will apply logic one to the appropriate
microcontroller pin. The same goes for GND. If the
jumper is taken out, then neither of two logic states
will be applied to the appropriate microcontroller pin. You
can disable pin protection 220ohm resistors by placing
jumper J24, which will connect your push buttons
directly to VCC or GND. Be aware that doing so you may
accidentally damage MCU in case of wrong usage.
Reset Button
Figure 10-4: IDC10 male headers enable easy
connection with mikroElektronika accessory boards
In the far upper right section of the
board, there is a RESET button, which
can be used to manually reset the
microcontroller. This button is directly
connected to the MCLR pin.
page 23
displays
LCD 2x16 characters
Liquid Crystal Displays or LCDs are cheap and
popular way of representing information to the
end user of some electronic device. Character
LCDs can be used to represent standard and
custom characters in the predefined number of
fields. EasyPIC™ v7 provides the connector and the
necessary interface for supporting 2x16 character
LCDs in 4-bit mode. This type of display has two rows
consisted of 16 character fields. Each field is a 7x5 pixel
matrix. Communication with the display module is done
through CN7 display connector. Board is fitted with uniquely
designed plastic display distancer, which allows the LCD module
to perfectly and firmly fit into place.
IMPORTANT: Make sure to turn off the power supply before placing LCD onto
the board. Otherwise your display can be permanently damaged.
N
O
VCC-5V
1
VCC-5V
2
3
P4
4
5
LCD-GLCD BPWM
LCD-GLCD BCK
6
7
8
10K
VCC-MCU
K-LCD
RB0
RB1
RB2
RB3
RB5
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
VCC-5V
Vee
RB4
R93
56
Q11
BC846
R89
R10
1K
LCD-GLCD BPWM
DATA BUS
Connector pinout explained
GND and VCC - Display power supply lines
Vo - LCD contrast level from potentiometer P4
RS - Register Select Signal line
E - Display Enable line
R/W - Determines whether display is in Read or Write mode. It’s
always connected to GND, leaving the display in Write mode all
the time.
D0–D3 - Display is supported in 4-bit data mode, so lower half of
the data byte interface is connected to GND.
D4–D7 - Upper half of the data byte
LED+ - Connection with the back-light LED anode
LED- - Connection with the back-light LED cathode
4K7
Figure 11-2: 2x16 LCD
connection schematic
CN7
LCD SOCKET
Vss
Vdd
Vee
RS
R/W
E
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
A
K
SW4
RC2
Figure 11-1: On-board LCD 2x16 display connector
Standard and PWM-driven back-light
We have allowed LCD back-light to be enabled in two different
ways:
1. It can be turned on with full brightness using SW4.6 switch.
2. Brightness level can be determined with PWM signal from the
microcontroller, allowing you to write custom back-light controlling
software. This back-light mode is enabled with SW4.5 switch.
IMPORTANT: In order to use PWM back-light both SW4.5 and SW4.6 switches must
be enabled at the same time.
page 24
Display connector is routed to PORTB
(control lines) and PORTD (data lines) of the
microcontroller sockets. Since the same ports are
used by 2x16 character LCD display, you cannot
use both displays simultaneously. You can control
the display contrast using dedicated potentiometer
P3. Full brightness display back light can be enabled
with SW4.5 switch, and PWM-driven back light with
SW4.6 switch.
N
O
Graphical Liquid Crystal Displays, or GLCDs are used to
display monochromatic graphical content, such as text, images,
human-machine interfaces and other content. EasyPIC™ v7
provides the connector and necessary interface for supporting
GLCD with resolution of 128x64 pixels, driven by the KS108 or
compatible display controller. Communication with the display
module is done through CN6 display connector. Board is fitted
with uniquely designed plastic display distancer, which allows
the GLCD module to perfectly and firmly fit into place.
displays
GLCD 128x64
VCC-5V
DATA BUS
1
2
3
Figure 12-1: GLCD 128x64
connection schematic
4
5
LCD-GLCD BPWM
LCD-GLCD BCK
RC2
6
7
8
P3
SW4
Connector pinout explained
10K
Q11
BC846
LCD-GLCD BCK
K-GLCD
Vo
RB2
RB3
RB4
RD0
RD1
RD2
RD3
RD4
RD5
RD6
RD7
RB5
RB0
RB1
20
R89
4K7
CN6
GLCD SOCKET2
1
R10
1K
CS1 and CS2 - Controller Chip Select lines
VCC - +5V display power supply
GND - Reference ground
Vo - GLCD contrast level from potentiometer P3
RS - Data (High), Instruction (Low) selection line
R/W - Determines whether display is in Read or
Write mode.
E - Display Enable line
D0–D7 - Data lines
RST - Display reset line
Vee - Reference voltage for GLCD contrast
potentiometer P3
LED+ - Connection with the back-light LED anode
LED- - Connection with the back-light LED cathode
20
CS1
CS2
GND
Vcc
Vo
RS
R/W
E
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
RST
Vee
LED+
LED-
VCC-5V
VCC-MCU
R92
Standard and PWM-driven back-light
As for LCD, we have allowed GLCD back-light to be enabled in two
different ways:
1. It can be turned on with full brightness using SW4.6 switch.
2. Brightness level can be determined with PWM signal from the
microcontroller, allowing you to write custom back-light controlling
software. This back-light mode is enabled with SW4.5 switch.
IMPORTANT: In order to use PWM back-light both SW4.5 and SW4.6 switches must
be enabled at the same time.
page 25
displays
Touch panel controller
Touch panel is a glass panel whose surface is
covered with two layers of resistive material. When
the screen is pressed, the outer layer is pushed
onto the inner layer and appropriate controllers can
measure that pressure and pinpoint its location. This
is how touch panels can be used as an input devices.
EasyPIC™ v7 is equipped with touch panel controller
and connector for 4-wire resistive touch panels. It
can very accurately register pressure at a specific point,
representing the touch coordinates in the form of analog
voltages, which can then be easily converted to X and Y
values. Touch panel comes as a part of display.
Correctly placing the touch panel cable into the connector
1
Figure 13-1: Put Touch panel flat cable in
the connector
2
Figure 13-2: Use a tip of your finger
to push it inside
3
Figure 13-3: Now place GLCD with
Touch panel into GLCD socket
BOTTOM
LEFT
CN6
GLCD SOCKET2
20
CS1
CS2
GND
Vcc
Vo
RS
R/W
E
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
RST
Vee
LED+
LED-
1
VCC-MCU
Q15
BC856
R16
1K
R22
10K
RIGHT
Enabling Touch panel
Q13
BC846
R15
10K
VCC-MCU
Q14
BC856
VCC-MCU
R12
1K
R14
DRIVEA
10K
TOP
LEFT
CN29
21
22
23
24
RIGHT
TOP
LEFT
BOTTOM
R45
100nF
10K
E3
10uF
VCC-MCU
N
O
2
3
4
5
RA0
RA1
RC0
RC1
6
7
8
SW3
Q16
BC846
R26
100K
1
page 26
C25
BOTTOM
DATA BUS
Figure 13-4: Touch Panel
controller and connection
schematic
VCC-MCU
Q12
BC846
R25
100K
BOTTOM
LEFT
DRIVEA
DRIVEB
R23
1K
C26
R24
100nF
10K
DRIVEB
Touch panel is enabled using SW3.5,
SW3.6, SW3.7 and SW3.8 switches.
They connect READ-X and READ-Y lines
of the touch panel with RA0 and RA1
analog inputs, and DRIVEA and DRIVEB
with RC0 and RC1 digital outputs on
microcontroller sockets. Make sure to
disconnect other peripherals, LEDs and
additional pull-up or pull-down resistors
from the interface lines in order not to
interfere with signal/data integrity.
Figure 13-5: Turn on switches
5 through 8 on SW3 to enable
Touch panel controller
To enable digit select lines for the 4-digit
7-segment display you have to turn
on SW4.1, SW4.2, SW4.3 and SW4.4
switches. Digit select lines are connected
to RA0 – RA3 pins on the microcontroller
sockets, while data lines are connected to
RD0 – RD7 pins. Make sure to disconnect
other peripherals from the interface lines
in order not to interfere with signal/data
integrity.
DIS1
R30
10K
DIS3
R28
10K
DIS0
DIS1
DIS2
DIS3
2
Q4
BC846
1
Q2
BC846
3
4
COM2
5
COM0
c
dp
e
d
seg c
seg dp
1
2
3
4
5
seg e
seg d
c
dp
e
d
1
2
3
4
5
seg c
seg dp
seg c
seg dp
seg e
seg d
c
dp
e
d
1
2
3
4
5
seg e
seg d
c
dp
seg c
seg dp
1
2
3
4
5
seg e
seg d
10K
DIS2
Q1
BC846
R29
10K
8
R31
7
e
d
6
DIS0
Figure 14-1: Turn on switches
1 through 4 on SW4 to enable
4-digit 7-seg display
COM3
N
O
seg g
seg f
COM0
seg a
seg b
10
9
8
7
6
Enabling the display
COM1
g
f
cc
a
b
seg g
seg f
COM1
seg a
seg b
10
9
8
7
6
g
f
cc
a
b
seg g
seg f
COM2
seg a
seg b
10
9
8
7
6
g
f
cc
a
b
g
f
cc
a
b
seg g
seg f
COM3
seg a
seg b
which is used to enable the digit
to which the data is currently being
sent. By multiplexing data through all
four segments fast enough, you create
an illusion that all four segments are in
operation simultaneously.
This is possible because human eye has
a slower reaction time than the mention
changes. This way you can represent
numbers in decimal or hexadecimal
form. Eight data lines that are common
for all the digits are connected to PORTD,
and digit select lines are connected to
RA0–RA3 lines on the microcontroller
sockets.
10
9
8
7
6
One seven segment digit consist of 7+1
LEDs which are arranged in a specific
formation which can be used to represent
digits from 0 to 9 and even some letters.
One additional LED is used for marking
the decimal dot, in case you want to write
a decimal point in the desired segment.
EasyPIC™ v7 contains four of these digits
put together to form 4-digit 7-segment
display. Driving such a display is done
using multiplexing techniques. Data
lines are shared between segments, and
therefore the same segment LEDs in
each digit are connected in parallel. Each
digit has it’s unique digit select line,
displays
4 digit
7-seg display
Q3
BC846
RA0
RA1
RA2
RA3
RD0
RD1
RD2
RD3
RD4
RD5
RD6
RD7
R81
R82
R83
R84
R85
R86
R87
R88
470
470
470
470
470
470
470
470
seg
seg
seg
seg
seg
seg
seg
seg
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
dp
SW4
DATA BUS
Figure 14-2: 4-digit 7-segment display schematic
page 27
modules
DS1820 - Digital
Temperature Sensor
DS1820 is a digital temperature
sensor that uses 1-wire®
interface for it’s operation. It is
capable of measuring temperatures
within the range of -55 to 128°C,
and provides ±0.5°C accuracy for
temperatures within the range of -10 to
85°C. It requires 3V to 5.5V power supply
for stable operation. It takes maximum
of 750ms for the DS1820 to calculate
temperature with 9-bit resolution.
1-wire® serial communication enables
data to be transferred over a single
communication line, while the process
itself is under the control of the master
microcontroller. The advantage of
such communication is that only one
microcontroller pin is used. Multiple
sensors can be connected on the same
line. All slave devices by default have
a unique ID code, which enables the
master device to easily identify all
devices sharing the same interface.
EasyPIC™ v7 provides a separate socket
(TS1) for the DS1820. Communication
line with the microcontroller is connected
via jumper J11.
2
3
4
Figure 15-1:
DS1820 not
connected
Figure 15-2:
DS1820
placed in
socket
Figure 15-3:
DS1820
connected
to RE2 pin
Figure 15-4:
DS1820
connected
to RA4 pin
EasyPIC™ v7 enables you to establish 1-wire® communication between DS1820
and the microcontroller via RA4 or RE2 microcontroller pins. The selection of either
of those two lines is done using J11 jumper. When placing the sensor in the socket
make sure that half-circle on the board’s silkscreen markings matches the rounded
part of the DS1820 sensor. If you accidentally connect the sensor the other way, it
may be permanently damaged. Make sure to disconnect other peripherals (except
1-wire), LEDs and additional pull-up or pull-down resistors from the interface lines
in order not to interfere with signal/data integrity.
page 28
GND
VCC-MCU
DQ
1
R2
1K
DQ
VCC
J11
Figure 15-5:
DS1820
connected
to RE2 pin
RA4
RE2
DATA BUS
Enabling DS1820 Sensor
The LM35 is a low-cost precision
integrated-circuit temperature sensor,
whose output voltage is linearly
proportional to the Celsius (Centigrade)
temperature. The LM35 thus has an
advantage over linear temperature
sensors calibrated in ° Kelvin, as the
user is not required to subtract a large
constant voltage from its output to
obtain convenient Centigrade scaling.
It has a linear +10.0 mV/°C scale factor
and less than 60 μA current drain. As it
draws only 60 μA from its supply, it has
very low self-heating, less than 0.1°C
in still air. EasyPIC™ v7 enables you to
get analog readings from the LM35
sensor in restricted temperature range
from +2ºC to +150ºC. Board provides a
modules
LM35 - Analog
Temperature Sensor
separate socket (TS2) for
the LM35 sensor in TO-92
plastic packaging. Readings
are done with microcontroller
using single analog input line,
which is selected with jumper J25.
Jumper connects the sensor with
either RE2 or RE1 microcontroller pins.
2
3
4
Figure 16-1:
LM35 not
connected
Figure 16-2:
LM35 placed
in socket
Figure 16-3:
LM35
connected
to RE1 pin
Figure 16-4:
LM35
connected
to RE2 pin
EasyPIC™ v7 enables you to get analog readings from the LM35 sensor using
RE1 or RE2 microcontroller pins. The selection of either of those two lines
is done using J25 jumper. When placing the sensor in the socket make sure
that half-circle on the board’s silkscreen markings matches the rounded part of
the LM35 sensor. If you accidentally connect the sensor the other way, it can
be permanently damaged and you might need to replace it with another one.
During the readings of the sensor, make sure that no other device uses the
selected analog line, because it may interfere with the readings.
VCC
VOUT
GND
VOUT
1
DATA BUS
Enabling LM35 Sensor
J25
RE1
RE2
Figure 16-5:
LM35
connected
to RE1 pin
page 29
modules
ADC inputs
Digital signals have two discrete states, which are decoded
as high and low, and interpreted as logic 1 and logic 0.
Analog signals, on the other hand, are continuous, and can
have any value within defined range. A/D converters are
specialized circuits which can convert analog signals (voltages)
into a digital representation, usually in form of an integer
number. The value of this number is linearly dependent on
the input voltage value. Most microcontrollers nowadays internally
have A/D converters connected to one or more input pins. Some of
the most important parameters of A/D converters are conversion
time and resolution. Conversion time determines how fast can an
analog voltage be represented in form of a digital number. This is an
important parameter if you need fast data acquisition. The other parameter
is resolution. Resolution represents the number of discrete steps that supported
voltage range can be divided into. It determines the sensitivity of the A/D converter.
Resolution is represented in maximum number of bits that resulting number occupies. Most
PIC® microcontrollers have 10-bit resolution, meaning that maximum value of conversion can be
represented with 10 bits, which converted to integer is 210=1024. This means that supported voltage range, for
example from 0-5V, can be divided into 1024 discrete steps of about 4.88mV.
EasyPIC™ v7 provides an interface in form of two potentiometers for simulating analog input voltages that can be routed to
any of the 10 supported analog input pins.
P1
RA0
RA1
RA2
RA3
RA5
Figure 17-2:
Schematic of ADC
input
Figure 17-1: use J15 and J16 jumpers
to connect analog input lines with
potentiometers P1 and P2
220
10K
P2
RB0
RB1
RB2
RB3
RB4
R64
220
J16
page 30
VCC-MCU
R63
J15
DATA BUS
10K
Enabling ADC inputs
VCC-MCU
In order to connect the output of the
potentiometer P1 to RA0, RA1, RA2,
RA3 or RA5 analog microcontroller inputs,
you have to place the jumper J15 in the
desired position. If you want to connect
potentiometer P2 to any of the RB0 – RB4
analog microcontroller inputs, place jumper
J16 in the desired position. By moving
the potentiometer knob, you can create
voltages in range from GND to VCC.
I C EEPROM
Figure 18-1:
Activate SW4.7 and
SW4.8 switches
to connect
microcontroller
I2C lines to Serial
EEPROM.
In order to connect I2C EEPROM to the
microcontroller you must enable SW4.7 and
SW4.8 switches, as shown on Figure 18-1. 1kΩ
pull-up resistors necessary for I2C communication
are already provided on SDA and SCL lines once
switches are turned on. Prior to using EEPROM in
your application, make sure to disconnect other
peripherals, LEDs and additional pull-up or pulldown resistors from the interface lines in order
not to interfere with signal/data integrity.
EEPROM is short for Electrically Erasable
Programmable Read Only Memory. It is usually
a secondary storage memory in devices containing
data that is retained even if the device looses power
supply. Because of the ability to alter single bytes
of data, EEPROM devices are used to store personal
preference and configuration data in a wide spectrum
of consumer, automotive, telecommunication, medical,
industrial, and PC applications.
EasyPIC™ v7 supports serial EEPROM which uses I2C
communication interface and has 1024 bytes of available
memory. Board contains socket for serial EEPROMs in DIP8
packaging, so you can easily exchange it with different memory
size EEPROM IC. EEPROM itself supports single byte or 16-byte (page)
write and read operations. Data rate is 400 kHz for both 3.3V and 5V
power supply.
What is I2C?
I2C is a multi-master serial single-ended bus that is used to attach low-speed peripherals to computer or embedded
systems. I²C uses only two open-drain lines, Serial Data Line (SDA) and Serial Clock (SCL), pulled up with
resistors. SCL line is driven by a master, while SDA is used as bidirectional line either by master or slave device.
Up to 112 slave devices can be connected to the same bus. Each slave must have a unique address.
VCC-MCU
VCC-MCU
DATA BUS
1
VCC-MCU
N
O
Enabling I2C EEPROM
modules
2
2
3
U8
EEPROM-SCL
EEPROM-SDA
8
24C08
A0
A1
A2
VSS
C24
100nF
7
VCC
WP
SCL
SDA
1
2
3
4
6
8
7
6
5
5
R4
1K
4
R5
1K
EEPROM-SCL
EEPROM-SDA
SW4
RC3
RC4
Figure 18-1:
Schematic of
I2C EEPROM
module
page 31
modules
Piezo Buzzer
Piezo electricity is the charge which accumulates
in certain solid materials in response to mechanical
pressure, but also providing the charge to the
piezoelectric material causes it to physically
deform. One of the most widely used applications
of piezo electricity is the production of sound
generators, called piezo buzzers. Piezo buzzer is an
electric component that comes in different shapes and
sizes, which can be used to create sound waves when
provided with analog electrical signal. EasyPIC™ v7 comes
with piezo buzzer which can be connected either to RC2 or
RE1 microcontroller pins, which is determined by the position
of J21 jumper. Buzzer is driven by transistor Q8 (Figure 19-1).
Microcontrollers can create sound by generating a PWM (Pulse Width
Modulated) signal – a square wave signal, which is nothing more than
VCC-5V
PZ1
TOP
VIEW
PERSPECTIVE
VCC-5V
VIEW
PZ1
TOP
50%
Freq = 3kHz,
VIEW
50%
PERSPECTIVEVolume =Q8
VIEW
BUZZER
RC2
PZ1
BC846
Freq = 3kHz, Duty Cycle = 80%
J21
Q8
BC846
R27
10K
R3
1K
R3
R27
1K
J21
RC2
HowBUZZER
to make it sing?RE1
10K
TO SOCKETS
TO SOCKETS
TO SOCKETS
RE1
VCC-5V
Freq = 3kHz, Duty Cycle =
PERSPECTIVE
VIEW
VCC-5V
Figure 19-1: Piezo
buzzer connected to TOP
RE1
microcontroller pin VIEW
J21
R3 Buzzer starts "singing"
when you provide
RC2
1K
R27
PWM BUZZER
signal from the microcontroller
Freq = 3kHz,
RE1
80% 10K to the buzzer driver. The pitch of the
PERSPECTIVEVolume =Q8
J21 by the frequency,
sound
is
determined
VIEW
BC846
RC2
R27
and amplitude
is determined by the
BUZZER
Freq = 3kHz, Duty Cycle = 20%
Freq = 3kHz,
duty cycle of the PWM signal.
RE1
Volume =Q820% 10K
BC846
page 32
Supported sound frequencies
Piezo buzzer’s resonant frequency (where you can expect it's
best performance) is 3.8kHz, but you can also use it to create
sound in the range between 2kHz and 4kHz.
TOP
VIEW
PZ1
BUZZER
R3
1K
DATA BUS
a sequence of logic zeros and ones. Frequency of the square
signal determines the pitch of the generated sound, and duty
cycle of the signal can be used to increase or decrease the
volume in the range from 0% to 100% of the duty cycle. You
can generate PWM signal using hardware capture-compare
module, which is usually available in most microcontrollers,
or by writing a custom software which emulates the desired
signal waveform.
Enabling Piezo Buzzer
In order to use the on-board Piezo Buzzer in
your application, you first have to connect the
transistor driver of piezo buzzer to the appropriate
microcontroller pin. This is done using jumper J21.
You can place the jumper in two positions, thus
connecting the buzzer driver to either RE1 or RC2
microcontroller pin.
Figure 19-2:
Use jumper
J12 to
connect
Piezo buzzer
on RE1 or
RC2 pin
EasyPIC™ v7 contains three GND pins located in three different sections of the board,
which allow you to easily connect oscilloscope GND reference when you monitor
signals on microcontroller pins, or signals of on-board modules.
1
1
GND is located between UART module and 4-digit 7-seg display.
2
GND is located in the cross section between DIP18 and DIP14 sockets
3
GND is located between PORTD I/O group and DIP28 socket.
3
1
Figure 20-1:
3 oscilloscope
GND pins are
conveniently
positioned so each
part of the board
can be reached with
an oscilloscope probe
2
2
3
page 33
modules
Additional GNDs
You have now completed the journey through each and every feature of EasyPIC™ v7 board. You got to know it’s modules, organization, supported microcontrollers,
programmer and debugger. Now you are ready to start using your new board. We are suggesting several steps which are probably the best way to begin. We invite
you to join thousands of users of EasyPIC™ brand. You will find very useful projects and tutorials and can get help from a large ecosystem of users. Welcome!
Compiler
You still don’t have an appropriate compiler? Locate PIC compiler that
suits you best on the Product DVD provided with the package:
DVD://download/eng/software/compilers/
Choose between mikroC™, mikroBasic™ and mikroPascal™ and
download fully functional demo version, so you can begin building
your PIC applications.
19122011
www.mikroe.com
Av
ai
lab
le on Product
Projects
Community
Support
Once you have chosen your compiler,
and since you already got the board,
you are ready to start writing your
first projects. We have equipped our
compilers with dozens of examples
that demonstrate the use of each and
every feature of the EasyPIC™ board,
and all of our accessory boards as well.
This makes an excellent starting point
for your future projects. Just load the
example, read well commented code,
and see how it works on hardware.
Browse through the compiler Examples
path to find the following folder:
If you want to find answers to your
questions on many interesting topics
we invite you to visit our forum at
http://www.mikroe.com/forum
and browse through more than 150
thousand posts. You are likely to find
just the right information for you.
On the other hand, if you want to
download free projects and libraries,
or share your own code, please visit
the Libstock™ website. With user
profiles, you can get to know other
programmers, and subscribe to receive
notifications on their code.
We all know how important it is that
we can rely on someone in moments
when we are stuck with our projects,
facing a deadline, or when we just
want to ask a simple, basic question,
that’s pulling us back for a while.
We do understand how important
this is to people and therefore our
Support Department is one of the
pillars upon which our company is
based. MikroElektronika offers Free
Tech Support to the end of product
lifetime, so if something goes wrong,
we are ready and willing to help!
\Development Systems\EASYPIC_v7
page 34
Copyright ©2011 Mikroelektronika.
All rights reserved. Mikroelektronika, Mikroelektronika logo and other
Mikroelektronika trademarks are the property of Mikroelektronika.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Unauthorized copying, hiring, renting, public performance
and broadcasting of this DVD prohibited.
http://www.libstock.com/
http://www.mikroe.com/esupport/
D!
what’s next?
What’s Next?
DV
notes
page 35
notes
page 36
DISCLAIMER
All the products owned by MikroElektronika are protected by copyright law and international copyright treaty. Therefore, this manual is to be treated as any other copyright
material. No part of this manual, including product and software described herein, must be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, translated or transmitted in any form or by
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MikroElektronika shall assume no responsibility or liability for any errors, omissions and inaccuracies that may appear in this manual. In no event shall MikroElektronika, its
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HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES
The products of MikroElektronika are not fault – tolerant nor designed, manufactured or intended for use or resale as on – line control equipment in hazardous environments
requiring fail – safe performance, such as in the operation of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or communication systems, air traffic control, direct life support
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TRADEMARKS
The MikroElektronika name and logo, the MikroElektronika logo, mikroC™, mikroBasic™, mikroPascal™, mikroProg™, EasyPIC™, EasyPIC PRO™, mikroBus™, mikromedia™, MINI™ and
Click boards™ are trademarks of MikroElektronika. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies.
All other product and corporate names appearing in this manual may or may not be registered trademarks or copyrights of their respective companies, and are only used for
identification or explanation and to the owners’ benefit, with no intent to infringe.
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EasyPIC v7 User Manual
ver. 1.04
0 100000 021200
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