AJA | KONA 3G | Specifications | AJA KONA 3G Specifications

Installation & Operation Guide
Version 10.5
Published: August 12, 2014
Table of Contents
Notices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Copyright. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Contacting Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Chapter 1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
KONA Models Covered in this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
AJA Software & Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Disk Storage Methods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Capture Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
KONA Card Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
KONA 4/3G Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
KONA LHe Plus Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
KONA LHi Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
KONA 4/3G Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Using Breakout Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
KONA KL-Box for LHe Plus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
KONA KLHi-Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
K3G-Box for KONA 4 & 3G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Detailed Connector Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
LHe Plus/LHi Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
KONA 4/3G to K3G-Box Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Chapter 2: Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Installation Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
System Test and Data Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Shipping Box Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Installing the KONA Card in a MacPro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Installing the KONA Card in a Windows PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Cabling the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
KONA 4/3G Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
LHe Plus Cable Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
LHi Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Installing KONA Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Mac Software Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Windows Software Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Re-Install & Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Updating KONA Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Chapter 3: Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Using KONA with Professional Video /Audio Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
AJA Control Panel Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Single-user & Network Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Control Panel Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Control Panel Operation in Standard Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Control Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
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Format Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Input Select Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
SDI Output Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
HDMI Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Analog Out Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Video Setup Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Audio Setup Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Conversion Screen (Mac OS only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
DS Keyer Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Timecode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Presets Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Firmware Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Info Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Using KONA 4 and 3G in 4K Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Format Screen in 4K Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
4K Capture Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
SDI Output Screen in 4K Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
HDMI Screen in 4K Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Analog Output Screen in 4K Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Video Setup Screen in 4K Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Downstream Keyer Screen in 4K Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Firmware Screen for Standard Firmware Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Who is Controlling KONA? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Using Multiple AJA Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Notes on using multiple AJA Products: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Using 8-bit Versus 10-bit Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Chapter 4: Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
If You Run Into Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Updating Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Appendix A: Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
KONA 4/3G Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
LHe Plus Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
KONA LHi Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Warranty and Liability Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Limitation of Liability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
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Notices
Trademarks
AJA®, lo®, Ki Pro®, KONA®, KUMO®,T-TAP®, Because it matters.® and ROI® are registered
trademarks of AJA Video Systems, Inc. in the United States. AJA and Ki Pro are trademarks
of AJA Video Systems, Inc. registered in other countries. AJA Control Room™, CION™,
Corvid Ultra™, FiDO™, Science of the Beautiful™, TruScale™, TruZoom™, V2Analog™ and
V2Digital™ are trademarks of AJA Video Systems, Inc.
AirPort, Apple, Apple logo, AppleShare, AppleTalk, FireWire, iPod, iPod touch, Mac and
Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. Final Cut Pro, QuickTime and
QuickTime logo are trademarks of Apple Inc.
Avid, Avid DNxHD and Media Composer are registered trademarks of Avid Technology,
Inc.
HDMI, the HDMI logo and High-Definition Multimedia Interface are trademarks or
registered trademarks of HDMI Licensing, LLC.
DVI is a registered trademark of DDWG.
TASCAM is a registered trademark of TEAC Corporation.
Dolby® and the double-D Dolby logo are registered trademarks of Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 AJA Video Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. All information in this
manual is subject to change without notice. No part of the document may be
reproduced or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopying or recording, without the express written permission of AJA
Video Systems, Inc.
Contacting Support
When calling for support, have all information at hand prior to calling.
To contact AJA for sales or support, use any of the following methods:
Telephone:
+1.530.271.3190
FAX:
+1.530.271.3140
Web:
http://www.aja.com
Support Email:
Sales Email:
KONA v10.5
support@aja.com
sales@aja.com
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Overview
The AJA KONA series brings the highest quality 4K/UHD, 2K, HD, and SD video and audio
to Mac and Windows computers. This manual discusses the installation of KONA cards
and the necessary software drivers and plug-ins for each platform.
KONA Models
Covered in this
Manual
This manual covers the installation and operation of these models:
• KONA LHe Plus
• KONA LHi
• KONA 3G
• KONA 4
The manual discusses using them with supported applications. Instructions for installing
the optional breakout boxes are shipped with the option.
NOTE:
AJA Software &
Utilities
At this time, the KONA 4 is available for use on the Windows platform only.
AJA’s KONA software and hardware were developed for powerful integrated video/audio
capture, editing, and production with a variety of 3rd-party software. With a KONA card
and qualified computer, you have the ultimate system for standard and high definition
production, post-production, broadcast, and streaming work. Additionally, KONA offers
support for UHD and 4K formats in KONA 3G (up to 30 fps) and KONA 4(up to 60 fps).
AJA software (available for download at the AJA website) includes:
Drivers:
AJA Control Panel:
AJA device drivers for tightly integrated hardware/software operation.
The Control Panel provides:
• Source selection and control of KONA within either Mac or Windows environment
• A block diagram to show visually what is happening inside your KONA card
AJA Control Room:
KONA v10.5
Control Room is a cross-platform software application for ingest, playback and output
with AJA products.
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3rd-Party Plugins:
NOTE:
AJA-provided plugins for popular 3rd-party Professional Video Applications from Adobe,
Avid, Apple, Telestream, and others.
For a complete software compatibility list, see the AJA website link:
http://www.aja.com/en/category/edit/compatibility
System Requirements
AJA Video recommends that your system meet minimum hardware and software
requirements to achieve a satisfactory level of performance. System requirements are
subject to change as new versions of operating systems,
NOTE:
See Software Vendor system requirements for GPU recommendations and additional
hardware requirements and recommendations.
AJA recommends:
• OS 10.8.4 or later
• Windows 7/8 With all updates
• 2.5GHz dual core i5 or better
• 2.0 GHz quad core i7 or better
• 4GB RAM Minimum, 8GB Recommended
Disk Storage
Methods
To ensure performance and quality, the disk storage system used with the workstation
must be able to meet the demands of storing realtime uncompressed media. At the very
minimum, the disk storage system must be able to provide and maintain a consistent
transfer rate from the workstation to disk (read/write). There are a variety of system
configurations and peripherals that can provide this level of performance.
For more on disk storage performanace see “System Test and Data Rate” on page 18.
Capture Formats
When capturing, you can record data in the following file formats:
• DPX
• TGA
• BMP
• QuickTime
NOTE:
KONA v10.5
Other file types can be captured using third-party capture applications such as Sienna,
Softron, Tools on Air, Drastic, or Quadrus.
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KONA Card Features
These features are common to all four KONA cards—KONA 4, 3G, LHe Plus, and LHi.
• DVCPRO HD hardware acceleration
• HDV hardware scaling acceleration
• Dynamic RT Extreme hardware acceleration
NOTE:
KONA offers DVCPROHD, HDV, and Apple RT Extreme hardware acceleration. This is how
KONA accelerates DVCPROHD, HDV, and Apple RT Effects. A precision hardware scalar does
what the Apple computer's processor would otherwise have to do—scaling of less than fullraster HD (DVCProHD and HDV) to full-raster size. This speeds up the system while scaling at
full 10-bit broadcast quality.
• RS-422 Machine Control via 9-pin
PCI Bus:
KONA 4 employs an 8-lane PCI Express Bus interface while the other models use 4-lane
PCI-Express Bus.
KONA 4/3G Features
The KONA 4 and 3G cards offer many unique features for optimum quality, ease of use,
and support for a wide variety of post production workflows. 3G features include:
Video I/O:
• SD-SDI, HD-SDI, Dual Link HD-SDI, HSDL, and 3G HD-SDI inputs
• HDMI 1.4a output
• KONA 3G I/O supports SD and HD over HDMI
• KONA 4 supports UHD and 4K over HDMI
NOTE:
Even though KONA 4 uses the HDMI 1.4 chip, it provides up to 2.0 Level B resolutions. The
HDMI on the KONA 4 can also do 4K-to-2K and UHD-to-HD downconversion and UHD Frame
Rate removal for viewing high frame rate (hfr) video on non-hfr capable HDMI displays.
• 2K support that includes 2048x1556 and 2048x1080 formats
• 4K and Ultra HD capture and playout
• KONA 3G supports framerates up to 30 fps
• KONA 4 supports framerates up to 60 fps
• 12-bit HD component analog video and SD analog component or composite and
s-video output
• 10-bit HD/SD Video+Key Output
• HD/SD Hardware Downstream Keyer
KONA 4/3G supports Dual Link HD-SDI (4:4:4). KONA 4/3G supports the ingest and
output of SMPTE-372M compliant 4:4:4 RGB video and high-bandwidth 4:2:2 1080p 50,
1080p 59.94, and 1080p 60 at 10-bit.
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Conversion:
• Broadcast quality hardware-based 10-bit down-conversion
• Broadcast quality hardware based 10-bit up-conversion
• Broadcast quality hardware based 10-bit cross-conversion (1080 to 720 and 720 to
1080)
• Broadcast quality hardware based 10-bit SD aspect ratio conversion (anamorphic to
letterbox, etc.)
KONA 4/3G features hardware-based full 10-bit broadcast quality motion adaptive SD to
HD up-conversion, HD to SD down-conversion and HD to HD cross-conversion. The
quality of the conversion features found in the KONA 4/3G is virtually identical to AJA's
award winning stand-alone converter products used throughout the post production
market. The KONA 4/3G built-in up-converter uses a a full 10-bit path, fully motion
adaptive de-interlacing, and large multi-point digital interpolators. Down-conversion
uses large multi-point digital interpolators, anti-alias filtering and interpolation.
Cross-conversion is high-quality hardware-based, providing capability to streamline
dailies and offers true broadcast picture quality in realtime. Because these functions are
in hardware on the card, they are available full time, all the time—with no CPU load. Such
conversions are useful for cost effective monitoring, making standard definition dubs of
an HD project, or upconverting from a standard definition project to an HD deliverable.
Audio I/O:
• 8-channel 24-bit, 48kHz digital AES/EBU audio
• 16 channels of SDI embedded digital audio
KONA 4/3G supports 8-channel 24-bit 48kHz AES audio via BNC connections on the
supplied breakout cable—or with the optional K3G-Box,16-channels of AES audio.
KONA 4/3G’s high-quality input sample-rate conversion on AES inputs eliminates the
need for audio source synchronization. Sample rate converters auto-lock to any AES
input, 32-96kHz, and then convert it to 24-bit 48kHZ audio, locked to internal KONA 4/3G
video. Sample rate conversion is done at very high quality (over 120db THD).
Signal Timing:
• Genlock input with optional looping capability via the K3G- Box (terminated on the
supplied breakout cable)
• LTC (longitudinal timecode) input/output
Cabling:
UHD/4K Mode Capture and
Playout:
• Standard 2-meter length connection cables including HDMI mini to HDMI output
In 4K Mode, KONA 4/3G offers 4K capture and playback in both YCbCr and RGB.
When using a capture application that supports 4K geometry, the KONA 4/3G maps
connectors SDI1 through SDI 4 as inputs for 4K video.
When 4K playout is selected, the four SDI connectors are remapped as outputs for driving
the four quadrants of a 4K display. A large number of 4K formats are supported for this
emerging workflow; see the specifications (“KONA 4/3G Specifications” on page 85) for
supported 4K formats.
Internal HD/SD Hardware
Downstream Keyer:
KONA v10.5
KONA 4/3G provides a powerful hardware keyer that can place graphic files with an alpha
channel over video in a selectable matte or the contents of the card's framebuffer from a
software application (including AJA TV). Key a bug or text over picture and avoid what
might normally be a lengthy software render. Also, working with these software
applications, you can key video that has an alpha-channel over video input or a matte.
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For example, you can load a QuickTime clip that has an alpha-channel (a flying logo
generated in the Animation codec) into AJA TV and then place it over live video coming
into the card and then passing both on to a VTR for recording or broadcast.
KONA LHe Plus Features
The KONA LHe Plus card offers a large number of unique features for optimum quality,
ease of use, and support for a wide variety of workflows and environments. KONA LHe
Plus provides flexible standard definition and high definition capture and playback, a
hardware down-converter for working in mixed SD/HD environments—and it supports
both analog and digital audio/video I/O.
Video I/O:
• 10-bit uncompressed SD/HD QuickTime capture card
• 12-bit HD Analog Component I/O
• 12-bit SD Analog Component/Composite/S-Video I/O
• One SDI or HD-SDI Input
• Two independent SDI/HD-SDI outputs
Conversion:
Audio I/O:
• Broadcast quality hardware-based 10-bit down-conversion
• 2-channel analog balanced XLR audio I/O
• 2-channel AES XLR audio I/O
• 8-channel SDI embedded audio I/O
Signal Timing:
Cabling:
• HD/SD genlock on analog video inputs
• Cables standard
• Optional KL-box Breakout Box—provides rack mounting and flexible
easy I/O (KL-box cabling is included with the KL-box). When ordering, specify a KL-box
for the KONA LHe Plus since it uses a unique cable.
KONA LHe Plus Audio:
KONA LHe Plus supports two-channel 24-bit 48kHz AES audio via XLR connections, and
eight-channel embedded 24-bit 48kHz audio over the same single SDI connection as the
video. If you are using a digital deck—you’ll have the proper connections to the deck.
For analog audio, KONA LHe Plus provides two-channel balanced audio input and
output. If you purchase the optional KL-Box breakout box, you also get two-channel
unbalanced audio output (RCA jacks).
KONA LHe Plus also features AES input sample rate conversion; this feature eliminates the
requirement for audio source synchronization. Sample rate converters auto-lock to any
AES input, 32-96KHz, and then convert it to 24 bit 48KHz audio, perfectly locked to
internal KONA LHe Plus video. Sample rate conversion is done at very high quality (over
120db THD).
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KONA LHi Features
The KONA LHi card offers a large number of unique features for optimum quality, ease of
use, and support for a wide variety of workflows and environments. KONA LHi provides
flexible standard definition and high definition capture and playback, a hardware-based
converter for working in mixed SD/HD environments—and it supports both analog and
digital audio/video I/O—including HDMI.
Video I/O:
• 10-bit uncompressed QuickTime capture card
• 3G/HD/SD SDI I/O
• HDMI v1.3a w/Deep Color at 30 bits per pixel input/output
• 12-bit SD and HD Analog Component/Composite/S-Video I/O
Conversion:
• Broadcast quality hardware-based 10-bit down-conversion
• Broadcast quality hardware based 10-bit up-conversion
• Broadcast quality hardware based 10-bit cross-conversion (1080 to 720 and 720 to
1080)
• Broadcast quality hardware based 10-bit SD aspect ratio conversion (anamorphic to
letterbox, etc.)
Audio I/O:
• 2-channel analog balanced XLR audio I/O
• 2-channel AES XLR audio I/O
• 8-channel SDI embedded audio I/O
Signal Timing:
• HD/SD genlock on analog video inputs
• LTC Input (on Reference input)
Cabling:
• Cables standard
• Optional KLHi-box Breakout Box—provides rack mounting and flexible
easy I/O (KLHi-box cabling is included with the KLHi-box).
KONA LHi Audio:
KONA LHi supports 2-channel 24-bit 48kHz or 96kHz AES audio via XLR connections, and
8 channel embedded 24 bit 48kHz audio over HDMI or the same single SDI connection as
the video. If you are using a digital deck—you’ll have the proper connections to the deck.
For analog audio, KONA LHi provides two-channel balanced audio input and output. If
you purchase the optional KLHi-Box breakout box, you also get two-channel unbalanced
audio output (RCA jacks).
KONA LHi also features AES input sample rate conversion; this feature eliminates the
requirement for audio source synchronization. Sample rate converters auto-lock to any
AES or HDMI input, 32-96KHz, and then convert it to 24 bit 48KHz audio, perfectly locked
to internal KONA LHi video. Sample rate conversion is done at very high quality (over
120db THD). (HDMI audio can be 20 to 24 bit and will be saved as 24 bit samples.)
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Cable Connections
KONA offers unsurpassed cable connectivity for a video/audio capture card. Connections
are made via the breakout cable (included with the card) and connectors mounted on
the KONA Card endplate. These connectors, for all three KONA models, are illustrated on
the following pages.
KONA LHi and LHe Plus The Breakout cable used for both KONA LHi and LHe Plus models provides:
• Reference Input (BNC connector)
• Component/Composite/S Video Input (3x BNC)
• Component/Composite/S Video Output (3x BNC)
• AES In (2x XLR)
• AES Out (2x XLR)
• Balanced Audio In (2x XLR)
• Balanced Audio Out (2x XLR)
• RS-422 Machine Control (9-pin)
LHi Endplate:
Connectors on the KONA LHi card endplate additionally provide:
• Standard-definition or High-definition SDI input (1 BNC) and output (1 BNC)
• HDMI input and output (2x HDMI mini-connectors)
LHe Plus Endplate:
The KONA LHe Plus endplate provides one BNC for SDI/SDI HD input and two
independent SDI/SDI HD output BNC’s.
Figure 1. Breakout Cables for LHe Plus and LHi Models
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KONA 4/3G
Connectors
KONA 4/3G provides complete I/O connectivity choices in two multi-signal breakout
cables and one HDMI-to-HDMI mini output cable. One multi-signal cable provides AES/
EBU digital BNC connections and analog video monitoring connections. The other has 4
mini-connectors on one end and 4 BNCs on the other providing SDI connections for both
Single Link and Dual Link SD/HD SDI connections. Cable connections are marked on both
the KONA card endplate and on the cable connectors for easy identification.
Figure 2. KONA 4/3G Breakout Cable
KONA 4/3G
end-plate
4-mini BNCs
to 4 standard
BNCs
SDI
SDI Out1/Link A BNC
SDI Out2/Link B BNC
SDI In1/Link A BNC
SDI In2/Link B BNC
HDMI Output (1)
RS422 Machine Control to VTR
(9-pin)
3 BNCs (Analog Connections):
Output SD:
Component, Composite, or S-Video
Output HD: Component or RGB
Reference Input BNC
LTC Input BNC
LTC Output BNC
Digital AES
Audio Output BNCs
Channels 1-8
Digital AES
Audio Input BNCs
Channels 1-8
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Using Breakout Boxes
The KONA product line offers two optional 19” 1RU rack-mountable breakout boxes that
attach to the KONA card via cables that connect to the back of the Box. These cables are
supplied with the Box. The breakout boxes offer the same inputs and outputs as the
standard breakout cables and more. Breakout boxes can be easily rackmounted or placed
on top of a broadcast monitor or editing desk.
KONA KL-Box for
LHe Plus
The KONA KL-Box is connected via one 60-pin to 60-pin, and one 3-BNC to 3-BNC cable.
When you purchase the KL-Box, you get two-channel unbalanced audio output (2 RCA
Jacks) not available with the standard cable. When ordering a KL-Box, specify the KONA
card model you’ll be using the KL box with to ensure you get the proper cable set.
Figure 3. KL-Box Model Breakout Box
Channels 1 & 2
Balanced Audio In
Channels 1 & 2
AES/EBU Audio
In and Out
Component
Digital Reference Serial
Video Out
(loop)
Out
Digital
In
Serial External
Digital Reference
(loop)
Out
Balanced Audio Out
Channels 1 & 2
KONA KLHi-Box
Output
Composite/
Component
Video In
Composite/
Component
Video Out
RS422
Machine
Control
Analog Audio
Output
The KONA KLHi-Box offers the same connections as the KL-Box except a single connector
is provided for the following: SDI input, SDI output, HDMI v1.3a input, and HDMI v1.3a
output.
NOTE:
The HDMI connectors on the breakout box are full-size, not mini as on the LHi endplate
Figure 4. KLHi-Box Model Breakout Box.
Balanced Audio In
Channels 1 & 2
AES/EBU Audio
In and Out
HDMI v1.3a
In
Balanced Audio Out
Channels 1 & 2
KONA v10.5
HDMI v1.3a
Out
13
SDI
In
SDI
Out
Composite/
Component
Video In
RS422
Machine
Control
External Composite/
Ref. or LTC Component
(loop)
Video Out
Analog
Audio
Output
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K3G-Box for KONA 4
& 3G
The K3G-Box for KONA 4 and 3G offers convenient connector access and additional
functionality including simultaneous BNC AES output, 2-channel RCA analog audio
monitoring, and looping BNC connection for Genlock reference and LTC timecode. If
you’re using a digital Betacam deck, HDCAM, DVCPRO HD, D5, D9 or even an HDCAM SR,
you’ll have the proper connections.
Figure 5. K3G-Box Model Breakout Box (front & rear view)
Longitudinal
Time Code
(LTC)
AES/EBU Audio In
Channels 1 through 16
AES/EBU Audio Out
Channels 1 through 16
HDMI
Out
SDI Ports 1 through 4
All AES/EBU audio connectors have two channels
per connector
KONA 3G
Host
Connector
SDI Ports 1 through 4
Video Monitor Out External
Component/
Reference
Composite
(loop)
Video Output
RS422
Machine
Control
Analog Audio
Output
HDMI Output
from KONA 3G
mini-HDMI connector
Detailed Connector Descriptions
LHe Plus/LHi
Connectors
Connectors on the standard cable set are labelled by their function for easy installation
and maintenance. Connectors on the optional KL-Box are similarly labelled.
SDI Input and Outputs:
BNC connectors are provided on the KONA LHe and LHi card endplates for one SD-SDI or
HD-SDI input. The LHe Plus has two, and LHi has one SDI output (format independent of
the input). The SDI input and outputs support video and embedded 24-bit digital audio.
Use SDI wherever possible for the best quality 10-bit uncompressed video input, capture
and output. If peripheral equipment has a variety of inputs/outputs, look to see if it has
SDI I/O, and use it where possible. Most high-end professional broadcast equipment
supports SDI (VTRs, cameras, media storage servers, etc.).
HDMI Input and Output:
Two HDMI mini-connectors on the LHi endplate (full-size HDMI connectors on the KLHi
Box) provide for input and output of HDMI compatible video (version 1.1) and multichannel embedded audio (8 channels). HDCP is not supported on either input or output.
The LHi’s HDMI output does not have HDCP, and input sources having HDCP are not
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supported. The HDMI input is designed to support long cable runs—up to 100 ft. when
using 22 or 24AWG HDMI cable, or up to 50 ft. using 28 or 30AWG HDMI cable. The HDMI
output supports standard HDMI cables only.
2-Channel Digital AES/EBU
Audio Inputs And Outputs:
NOTE:
Analog 2-Channel Balanced
Audio:
Unbalanced Audio on KL-Box:
RS-422 Machine Control :
KONA 4/3G to K3GBox Connectors
8-Channel Digital AES/EBU
Audio I/O:
One female XLR connector is provided for the channel 1 and 2 inputs, while a male XLR
connector carries channel 1 and 2 outputs. AES/EBU signals are handled internally as 24bit digital.The optional KL-Box also provides XLR audio connections on the front panel.
AES XLR connections are digital and cannot be used with analog equipment having XLR
connectors.
Two sets of analog XLR connectors, one for each channel, support balanced audio
connections. Male XLRs are provided for outputs and female XLRs are provided for
inputs. Balanced audio (differential) connections provide better analog audio quality
over longer cable runs. Most professional quality VTRs and audio equipment have XLR
style connectors for analog audio. Analog audio signals are converted internally to 24-bit
digital.
On the KL-Box are two analog output connectors, one for each channel. These
connectors are RCA-style phono jacks.
A female DE-9 connector on the LHi/LHe Plus breakout cable provides connection for
VTRs, camcorders, disk media servers, and other devices using RS-422 SMPTE (Sony)
protocol. This RS-422 connector is also present on the optional KL-Box (connector pinout
is Sony 9-pin protocol).
Connectors on the standard cable set are labelled for their function for easy installation
and maintenance. Connectors on the optional K3G-Box (breakout box) are similarly
labelled.
When using the standard cables, BNC connections are provided for AES/EBU audio input/
output. Four BNC connectors are provided for audio input and four for audio output.
Each BNC carries two channels. The connectors are labeled for input/output and
channels.
The optional K3G-Box provides BNC audio connections on the front panel for 16channels of audio input and output.
Unbalanced Audio on K3GBox:
On the K3G breakout box are two analog output connectors, one for each channel. These
connectors are RCA-style phono jacks.
RS-422 Machine Control:
A female DE-9 connector provides connection for VTRs, camcorders, disk media servers,
and other devices using RS-422 SMPTE (Sony) protocol. This connector is present on both
the general I/O cables and the optional K3G-Box (connector pinout is Sony 9-pin protocol.)
SDI Inputs & Outputs:
On the KONA 4/3G card, mini-connectors are provided for bi-directional SDI inputs and
outputs for Single Link, Dual Link or 4K/UHD I/O. A cable with four Mini-connectors on
one end and four BNCs on the other end is provided for connecting equipment to the SDI
inputs and outputs.
In Standard mode, KONA 4/3G offers four video outputs altogether:
• two SDI outputs that are used for both High- and Standard-definition (SD/HD-SDI)
• two monitor outputs (discussed later), one component analog and one HDMI 1.4a.
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Each of the four outputs is independently switchable between HD and SD. For example, if
you are working in HD, you can have simultaneous HD-SDI, SD-SDI, and HD-component
analog output.
SDI inputs and outputs support video and 8-channel embedded 24-bit digital audio. Use
SDI wherever possible for the best quality 10-bit uncompressed video input, capture, and
output. If peripheral equipment has a variety of inputs/outputs, look to see if it has SDI I/
O, and use it wherever possible. Most high-end professional broadcast equipment
supports SDI (VTRs, cameras, media storage servers, etc.).
HDMI Output:
NOTE:
An HDMI mini-connector on the KONA4/3G endplate (full-size HDMI connectors on the
K3G-Box) provides HDMI 1.4 capability, supporting 4K up to 24fps and UHD at 25/30 fps.
KONA 3G supports SD and HD over HDMI. KONA 4 supports UHD and 4K over HDMI.
HDMI also supports multi-channel embedded audio (8 channels). HDCP is not supported
on the output.
Analog Monitor Out puts:
Both the standard I/O cable and the optional K3G-Box feature two groups of three BNC
connectors each, for input and output of component, composite and Y/C functions. The
signals are labelled on both the cable and K3G-Box connectors.
The analog component output can be switched between SD and HD. KONA 4/3G
features 12-bit component video output for both HD and SD. SD can be switched to
composite and Y/C. (The same three BNC connectors share component and Y/C
functions.) This allows use of an inexpensive analog monitor for both HD and SD work.
You can even use a composite video monitor. For Dual Link HD-SDI output, HD or SD can
be monitored through the component output. Dual Link HD can be output as 4:4:4 RGB.
Component video signals are generally higher quality than composite, but not as highquality as serial digital (SDI).
Note: About RGB: Although RGB is used less in today’s video systems, KONA 4/3G
supports it for A/V Monitor output. However, because the KONA 4/3G (and SMPTE
SDI’s) native format is YPbPr, AJA recommends using YPbPr when the monitor
supports it. The YPbPr format provides “headroom” for “superwhite” and
superblack”—and these video levels will be clipped when transcoding to RGB. Also,
the RGB/YPbPr transcoding involves a level translation that results in mathematical
round-off error. RGB can be configured in the Playout setup panel of the specific
application you are using with KONA 4/3G.
Note: About YPbPr: KONA 4/3G supports three different types of YPbPr:
• SMPTE/EBU N10
• Betacam (NTSC)
• Betacam (NTSC-J [Japan]).
These three formats differ in level only and can be configured in the Playout setup panel
of the specific application you are using with KONA 4/3G.
Reference Video:
KONA v10.5
A single BNC on the standard KONA cable—or two BNC connectors on the K3G-Box
(looping)—allow you to synchronize KONA outputs to your house analog reference
video signal (or black burst). If you have a sync generator or central piece of video
equipment to use for synchronizing other video equipment in your studio, connect its
analog composite output here. When KONA outputs video, it locks to this reference
signal. When connecting a reference video source, the locking signal should be the same
format as the Primary format selected in KONA software. It is possible in some
circumstances to use an alternate format video signal if the basic frame rate is
compatible.
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Chapter 2: Installation
Installation Overview
The installation and set up of a KONA card is very simple. All of the steps of installation
and configuration are documented in this chapter, summarized as follows:
1. Unpack and examine the contents of the shipping box
2. If not previously installed on your Mac or PC, ensure that the capture/editing
application you intend to use is installed as detailed in its user documentation. Your
application must be installed and run at least once for the KONA Easy Setups to be
installed properly. If other capture cards have been installed, the software for those
products should be removed before installing the KONA driver to avoid possible
conflicts.
Card Placement:
3. For the KONA Mac installation, AJA recommends that the card be placed in Slot 3 and
the Apple Expansion Slot Utility be configured so that the slot is running at x4 lane
speed or higher. (The choice of x4, x4, x1 and x16 is ideal.) Refer to the AJA website at:
http://www.aja.com/en/support/kona-system-configuration/
NOTE:
The new KONA 4 card, at this time, is available for installation in Windows systems only and
uses 8-lane PCIe bus.
For the most up-to-date Windows system requirements for KONA, consult the AJA
website:
http://www.aja.com/en/support/kona-pc-system-configuration/
AJA Software Downloads:
4. Install AJA KONA software on your computer. The latest KONA software and AJA
software for third-party plugins is available for download at the AJA website:
http://www.aja.com/en/support/downloads/
5. Cable the system audio and video sources, VTR, audio monitor, and video monitor. If
you purchased the optional Breakout Box, then install it into an equipment rack or
place it on a desk and connect its cables to the KONA card. If you're instead using the
standard cable set, then use those to connect directly to your equipment.
Each of these steps is discussed in greater detail in the pages of this chapter.
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System Test and
Data Rate
To guarantee maximum system performance, use KONA System Test and the AJA
DataRate Calculator to evaluate your workstation capabilities. They are available on the
AJA website at the following support page:
http://www.aja.com/en/products/software/
KONA System Test KONA System Test is a utility for measuring system performance with AJA KONA Video
Capture cards. The application includes disk drive speed tests and video data copy (DMA)
speeds. The disk speed tests differ from standard disk I/O performance applications in
that they specifically test the system under conditions typically encountered with video
capture, playback, and editing.
NOTE:
Most of the disk performance tests are generic and don’t require an AJA KONA Video
Capture card. The DMA performance tests do require a KONA card and AJA KONA Driver
software to operate.
We suggest the best test is to fill your storage disk to 80% and then test capture at the
highest data rate you will use.
DataRate Calculator This software application calculates data rates and storage requirements for a given
video size, format, and frame rate. It's great for both KONA and Io users as a resource for
configuring systems and determining storage requirements.
Unpacking
Shipping Box
Contents
Your KONA shipment includes:
• KONA 4/8-lane PCI-Express card
• KONA I/O cables.
KONA 4/3G Cables If you purchased the KONA 4 or 3G, you will receive this complement of cables:
• Cable, HDMI mini-to-HDMI output
• Cable, KONA 4/3G SDI In/Out—mini-connectors on the card (technically called “1.0/2.3
connectors”) connect to full-size BNCs for ease of use and compatibility with
professional equipment.
• Cable, AES BNC digital audio connectors, RS422, and Reference Input.
If you purchased the optional K3G-Box breakout box, it ships with a multi-pin to multipin cable for connecting from the KONA 4 or 3G card to the breakout box. The x4 BNC
cable to 1.0/2.3 connectors cable that shipped with the card is also needed interconnect
the SDI connectors out of the card to the breakout box. Also, the HDMI cable connects
between the KONA 4/3G card and the box rear panel.
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Figure 6. Shipping Box Contents, (KONA 3G contents shown)
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The KONA LHi and LHe Plus cards use the breakout cable shown below providing XLR
balanced audio connectors, an RS-422 9-pin connector, and BNCs for video I/O and
reference connection.
Figure 7. KONA LHe Plus/LHi Breakout Cable
Standard Cable
Multiple-pin connector
To KONA LHi
RS422 Machine Control to VTR
(9-pin)
Analog Video
6 BNCs (Analog Connections): Can be
Configured for Component, Composite, or Y/C
Y/CVBS In BNC
Pb/Y In BNC
Pr/C In BNC
Y/G/CVBS Out BNC
Pb/B/Y Out BNC
Pr/R/C Out BNC
green
blue
red
green
blue
red
Reference Input or LTC Input BNC
Balanced Audio
Analog Audio Channel 1 Input
Analog Audio Channel 2 Input
Analog Audio Channel 1 Output
Analog Audio Channel 2 Output
Digital AES Input Channels 1 & 2
Digital AES Output Channels 1 & 2
As you unpack your shipment, carefully examine the contents. Ensure you received
everything and that nothing was damaged during shipping. If you find any damage,
immediately notify the shipping service and supply them with a complete description of
the damage. AJA will repair or replace damaged items. If you find shipping damage,
contact your AJA dealer or distributor for details on how to have your KONA card
repaired or replaced.
NOTE:
KONA v10.5
Save packing materials and the shipping box. If you ever require service or move your
system—use the packaging materials and box for safe shipment.
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Installing the KONA Card in a MacPro
1. Place the computer in a well-lit area, where you will have easy access when opening
the MacPro chassis.
2. Using your hand, touch the outside of the Mac to discharge any static electricity you
have. Remove the power cable from the back of the chassis.
3. Remove the side access door and described in your Apple User Manual. Lay the
machine on its side, motherboard facing up.
4. Remove the KONA card from its protective anti-static bag; place the card on top of
the bag.
5. Visually locate the PCI-Express slots inside the Mac chassis (Mac Pro photo shown on
the following page). The KONA card only requires a x4 lane PCI-Express slot, so any of
the available slots will work correctly—(slot 3 is the preferred slot on the MacPro).
You should configure the slots with the Apple Expansion Slot Utility application for
the MacPro so that the KONA is at x4 or better speed.
6. Remove the card-edge access cover from the desired slot where you will be inserting
the KONA card. The card edge cover is secured by a tie-down bar with two secured
screws on MacPro computers; remove and set them aside for securing the KONA card
after installation.
7. Holding the KONA card by the end plate and an outside edge, carefully insert the
card by rocking it slowly into the slot. Ensure the card edge aligns properly with the
computer's slot opening (where the card edge cover was just removed) and that it is
fully seated in the slot.
8. Secure the card in the slot using the screw removed earlier or with the tie-down bar
found on MacPro machines.
9. Replace the outer access door on the MacPro.
Figure 8. KONA Card (model 3G shown)
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Figure 9. Mac Pro Cardcage Access
Figure 10. Card Slots, PCIe Mac Pro shown here
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Installing the KONA Card in a Windows PC
1. Place the PC in a well-lit convenient area, where you will have easy access to the
chassis access door.
2. Touch the outside of the PC to discharge any static electricity in your body. Remove
the power cable from the back of the PC.
3. Open the PC to gain access to the card slots as described in your Workstation User
Manual.
4. Remove the KONA card from its protective anti-static bag; place the card on top of
the bag.
5. To install the KONA card and RAID controller card (SCSI or Fibre Channel), refer to the
AJA website for the latest installation updates.
Because of hardware and software changes, AJA engineers are constantly testing
and grading workstation performance. The AJA website is your best source of up-todate approved workstation configurations (see “Installation Overview” on page 17 for
links).
NOTE:
Always put the RAID controller and KONA on separate PCI busses. This improves performance
by reducing bus contention.
Figure 11. KONA Card placement in an HP Z800 Motherboard
6. Open the card retainer bar on the left side of the chassis cardcage. Remove the card
edge access cover from the desired slot where you will be inserting the KONA card.
7. Holding the KONA card by the card edge plate and an outside edge, carefully insert
the KONA card by rocking it slowly into the slot. Ensure the card edge aligns properly
with the PC’s opening (where the card edge cover was just removed) and that it is
fully seated in the slot.
8. Secure the card in the slot replacing the card retainer bar.
9. Replace the PC’s panel/door removed in step 3.
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Cabling the System
When installing your system, you’ll make video and audio input/output connections.
These connectors are described individually in Chapter 1. The following diagrams
illustrate and describe system interconnection for the three KONA models.
KONA 4/3G
Connections
Figure 12. KONA 4/3G System Using Breakout Cable
KONA 4/ 3G
Installs in
PCI-Express Slot
Standard Cable Set
Showing “BNC/DE9-cable” Use
RS422
Machine Control
(9-pin)
HDMI Output cable
3 BNCs (Analog Out Connections):
In SD Can be Configured for
Component,
Composite,
or S-Video
In HD Can Only Be Component
Reference Input BNC
LTC Output BNC
LTC Input BNC
4-mini BNCs
to 4 standard
BNCs
Audio Input BNCs
Channels 1-8
(2 channels/connector)
Audio Output BNCs
Channels 1-8
(2 channels/connector)
SDI Out1/Link A BNC
SDI Out2/Link B BNC
SDI In1/Link A BNC
SDI cable
SDI In2/Link B BNC
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Typical System Figure 13 on page 26 shows typical system interconnections for a system with digital A/V
sources. Your system may differ depending on VTRs, audio monitoring, and video
monitoring.
1. If desired, connect your house reference sync to the KONA 4/3G Ref Loop connector
(BNC). On the breakout cable this is a terminated reference input. The second
KONA 4/3G Ref Loop connector on the optional Breakout Box can be connected to
your VTR. If you do not loop through the reference, the second connector should be
terminated with a 75-ohm terminator.
2. Connect a Video Monitor to the KONA 4/3G Component Analog Video Out BNC
connectors (preferred), or instead connect to a composite monitor. (If you have an
SDI or HD-SDI enabled monitor, you may also connect one of the KONASDI outputs
to a monitor as well.)
3. Connect the 9-pin DE9 machine control cable on the supplied breakout cable to your
VTR's RS422 control port or connect a 9-pin DE9 cable between the breakout box and
the VTR's RS422 serial port.
4. Connect two SDI cables between KONA 4/3G and your digital VTR (Digital Betacam
etc.): one from KONA 4/3G SDI In to the VTR SDI Out, and one from KONA 4/3G SDI
Out (1 or 2) to the VTR SDI In. The KONA 4/3G SDI connections have embedded audio
(16-channels) so the VTR must be configured accordingly. These connections will be
made via the mini-connectors-to-BNC cable or via the optional K3G-Box.
5. If you have an AES/EBU-ready audio monitoring system, then connect the eight
channels of AES/EBU output from KONA 4/3G's BNC connectors: 1/2, 3/4, 5/6, and 7/
8, to the monitoring system AES/EBU inputs. If you have an analog audio monitoring
system, you can use the two RCA-style unbalanced stereo output jacks on the
optional K3G-Box for output.
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Figure 13. Typical KONA 4/3G System Connections
Workstation computer
Computer Monitor
•• ••
•• ••
• ••
•• ••
•• •
••
External Storage
Video Monitor
Component Video
AJA KONA 4/3G Card
3 BNCs (Analog Connections):
HDMI Output cable
Component,
Composite,
or S-Video
In HD Can Only Be Component
Optional
Genlock
Reference
Reference Input BNC
LTC Output BNC
HBA for connection
of external storage
LTC Input BNC
Installed
inside computer
Audio Input BNCs
Channels 1-8
(2 channels/connector)
AES/EBU Audio Out
to Monitor System
4-mini BNCs
to 4 standard
BNCs
Audio Output BNCs
Channels 1-8
(2 channels/connector)
RS422
Machine Control
(9-pin)
In 4K Mode all four
mini BNCs are Inputs or Outputs,
one for each Quandrant of the image
SDI Out1/Link A BNC
SDI Out2/Link B BNC
SDI Out1=Left top
SDI In1/Link A BNC
SDI cable
Digital VTR with SDI Inputs
SDI Out2=Right top
SDI In2/Link B BNC
SDI Out 3=Left bottom
SDI Video
with Embedded
Audio In/Out
KONA v10.5
SDI Out 4=Right bottom
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LHe Plus Cable
Connections
Figure 14. KONA LHe Plus System Using The Breakout Cable
KONA LHe Plus
Installs in
PCI-Express Slot
in Computer
Standard Breakout Cable
60-pin connector
To KONA LHe Plus
SDI Input BNC
SDI 1 Output BNC
SD/HD SDI
Video/Audio
Connections
Reference Input BNC
or LTC input
(switchable via AJA
Control Panel)
SDI 2 Output BNC
Analog Video
green
Y/CVBS In BNC
blue
Pb/Y In BNC
red
Pr/C In BNC
green
Balanced Audio
Analog Audio
Channel 1 Input
Analog Audio
Channel 2 Input
Analog Audio
Channel 1 Output
Analog Audio
Channel 2 Output
Y/G/CVBS Out BNC
blue
Pb/B/Y Out BNC
red
Pr/R/C Out BNC
6 BNCs (Analog Connections):
Can be Configured for
Component,
Composite,
or Y/C
RS422
Machine Control
to VTR
(9-pin)
AES Input
Channels 1 & 2
AES Output
Channels 1 & 2
Typical System Figure 15 on page 28 shows typical system interconnections for KONA LHe Plus with
digital A/V sources. Your system may differ depending on VTRs, audio monitoring, and
video monitoring.
1. If desired, connect your house reference sync to the KONA LHe Plus Ref Loop
connector (BNC). The second KONA Ref Loop connector on the KL-box (if used) can
be connected to the VTR or terminated with a 75-ohm terminator.
2. Connect a Video Monitor to the KONA LHe Plus Component Analog Video Out BNC
connectors (preferred), or instead connect to a composite monitor.
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3. Connect a 9-pin DE9 machine control cable between your VTR’s RS422 control port
and the breakout cable’s RS-422 machine control connector.
4. Connect two SDI cables between the KONA card (BNCs are on the card endplate) and
your digital VTR (Digital Betacam etc.): one from KONA card’s SDI In to the VTR SDI
Out, and one from card’s SDI Out (1 or 2) to the VTR SDI In. The KONA LHe Plus SDI
connections have embedded audio so the VTR must be configured accordingly.
5. If you have an AES/EBU-ready audio monitoring system, connect the two channels of
AES/EBU output from KONA’s XLR connectors (channels 1 and 2) to the monitoring
system AES/EBU inputs. If, instead, you have an analog audio monitoring system, you
can use either the XLR balanced audio connectors or the two RCA-style unbalanced
stereo output jacks on the Optional KL-box for output.
Figure 15. Typical LHe Plus System Connections—Shown with Optional KL-Box
Digital VTR with SDI Inputs
Analog Audio
Inputs/Outputs
(Balanced)
Audio Monitor
Reference Monitorss
AES/EBU Audio In/Out
t Monitor
M it System
S t
to
External Reference
Connect to
KL-Box Using
Cables and Instructions
supplied with it
SDI Video
with Embedded
Audio In/Out
Optional
Genlock
Reference
RS422
Machine
Control
Video Monitor
Component
Video
Computer Monitor
AJA KONA LHe Plus Card
Installed
inside the
computer
POWER
CMPTR
Workstation
HBA for connection
of external storage
KONA v10.5
tt
tt
tt
tt
tt
t
tt
tt
tt
t
tt
tt
tt
tt
tt
t
tt
tt
tt
t
RAID storage
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LHi Cable
Connections
Figure 16. KONA LHi System Using The Breakout Cable
KONA LHi
Installs in
PCI-Express Slot
in computer
Standard Breakout Cable
60-pin connector
To KONA LHi
HDMI Input
HDMI Output
SDI Input BNC
SDI Output BNC
SD/HD/3G-SDI
and HDMI
Video/Audio
Connections
Reference Input BNC
or LTC input
(switchable via KONA
Control Panel)
Analog Video
green
Y/CVBS In BNC
blue
Pb/Y In BNC
red
Pr/C In BNC
green
Balanced Audio
Analog Audio
Channel 1 Input
Analog Audio
Channel 2 Input
Analog Audio
Channel 1 Output
Analog Audio
Channel 2 Output
Y/G/CVBS Out BNC
blue
Pb/B/Y Out BNC
red
Pr/R/C Out BNC
6 BNCs (Analog Connections):
Can be Configured for
Component,
Composite,
or Y/C
RS422
Machine Control
to VTR
(9-pin)
AES Input
Channels 1 & 2
AES Output
Channels 1 & 2
Typical System A figure on the following page shows typical system interconnections for a system with
digital A/V sources. Your system may differ depending on VTRs, audio monitoring, and
video monitoring.
1. If desired, connect your house reference sync to the KONA LHi Ref Loop connector
(BNC). The second KONA LHi Ref Loop connector on the KLHi-box (if used) can be
connected to the VTR or terminated with a 75-ohm terminator. If instead using LTC
timecode input, connect to the Ref Loop input.
2. Connect an HDMI Video Monitor to the KONA LHi HDMI Out connector. Or instead,
use the Component Analog Video Out BNC connectors to go to an analog monitor.
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3. Connect a 9-pin DE9 machine control cable between your VTR’s RS422 control port
and the breakout cable’s RS-422 machine control connector.
4. Connect two SDI cables between KONA LHi (BNCs are on the card endplate) and your
digital VTR (Digital Betacam etc.): one from KONA LHi SDI In to the VTR SDI Out, and
one from KONA LHi SDI Out to the VTR SDI In. The KONA LHi SDI connections have
embedded audio so the VTR must be configured accordingly.
5. If you have an AES/EBU-ready audio monitoring system, then connect the two
channels of AES/EBU output from KONA LHi’s XLR connectors (channels 1 and 2) to
the monitoring system AES/EBU inputs. If you instead have an analog audio
monitoring system, you can use either the XLR balanced audio connectors or the two
RCA-style unbalanced stereo output jacks on the Optional KLHi-Box for output.
Figure 17. Typical KONA LHi System Connections—Shown with Optional KLHi-Box
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Installing KONA Software
First ensure that your capture/editing application is installed as detailed in its user
documentation. You cannot use KONA with a third-party application until the application
has been installed and run at least once on your workstation. Next, install the KONA
driver package. After installing KONA drivers you will install your selected AJA third-party
plugins integrating KONA functionality into your capture/editing application.
System software updates may occasionally become available to AJA KONA owners on
our website (see “AJA Software Downloads” on page 17 for website information).
We recommend checking occasionally for both software updates and additional product
information.
NOTE:
Mac Software
Installation
If your computer has previously had another video capture or multimedia card installed,
ensure you remove the card and uninstall any related software before installing KONA card.
This will prevent any hardware or software conflicts. KONA will operate properly on a
computer that also has an AJA Io product and its associated drivers installed.
After securing the most recent KONA driver package, read the details and requirements
in the release notes to ensure compatibility with your system configuration. Minimum
system requirements for the host were discussed in “System Requirements” on page 6.
NOTE:
If you have trouble installing Io XT or Io 4K software, turn off any virus protection and security
software that you may have installed on your computer and try again.
Mountain Lion OS and With the addition of Gatekeeper functionality in Mas OS Mountain Lion, you should go to
Gatekeeper System Preferences>Security & Privacy and choose to allow Mac App Store and identified
developers.
Figure 18. Mac Security & Privacy Gatekeeper Setting
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1. Visit the AJA website and download the latest driver version appropriate to your
configuration.
2. Locate the package file in the folder from the download; the package has an icon that
looks like a box and has a “.pkg” suffix.
NOTE:
Files ending in the “.pkg” suffix are OS X installer files. These launch the OS X installer and tell it
where and what to install on your system.
3. Double-click the package to log on and begin software installation.
4. The system will respond by asking you to authenticate who you are as currently
defined on your OS X user profile. Enter the proper name and password at the
Authenticate prompt; if you have multiple users defined, ensure that you log on as a
user with administrator-level authority.
Figure 19. Log On Authenticate Prompt
5. Click on the Install Software button after entering a valid user and password.
6. The installer will launch and you’ll see a series of installer screens.
7. Click Continue on the Introduction screen to begin installation.
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8. The next screen lets you know that the installer will check your Mac to ensure it has
the hardware and software resources required (see Minimum Requirements in
Chapter 1).
Figure 20. Initial Installer & Check Screen
9. Next the Read Me screen provides a list of minimum requirements the installer will
look for.
Figure 21. Read Me Screen
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10. Read and agree to the Software License Agreement.
Figure 22. KONA Software License Agreement Screen
11. At the next screen, click the Install button to place the software on your computer.
Figure 23. Installer Screen
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12. The installer will run and put all the necessary KONA drivers, AJA Control Panel,
presets and additional software on the desired hard drive. When it has completed
installation, you’ll be asked to restart. the computer.
Figure 24. Installation Progress Bar
Figure 25. Final Installation Screen
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13. Click the Restart button to complete the installation procedure. The system will
perform a software restart and be ready for use.
NOTE:
Windows Software
Installation
You may be required to update the KONA card’s firmware if installing a new version.
See“Updating KONA Firmware” on page 42.
If your PC has previously had another video capture or multimedia card installed, remove
the card and uninstall any related software before installing KONA. Also, always uninstall
existing KONA software before installing a new version. This will prevent hardware/
software conflicts.
The installation procedure is described below. You cannot use KONA with third-party
applications until the AJA KONA software has been installed on the host workstation.
If you add KONA supported applications at a later date and have not previously installed
the appropriate plugins, you must run the install program again selecting the
appropriate application support software to be installed.
Software Installation Locate the AJA KONA Software download or CD ROM packaged with your system and
Procedure follow the procedure below to install the required software on the host system. The
KONA for PC software is intended for Windows 64-bit workstations.
The KONA for PC 10.0 Installation Software is divided into separate installer packages
containing:
• Retail Drivers and Control Panel applications
• Plugins for the various third-party applications supported.
The AJA Drivers Software package must be installed first. Next, install the plugin package
for your desired third-party Application Software.
Figure 26. KONA for PC Drivers Installer Package
NOTE:
If you have trouble installing KONA software, turn off any virus protection and security
software that you may have installed on your computer and try again.
This section describes the AJA Retail Software package installation. The subsequent
installations are essentially the same but do not require restart of the computer. Refer to
your specific plugin package Installation Guide.
Double-click on the download package.
Install Wizard The KONA installation program will launch and extract the necessary KONA drivers for
installation on your hard drive.
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Figure 27. Install Wizard Welcome
When you see the Welcome page, click “Next” to view the KONA license agreement.
Figure 28. License Agreement
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Read the KONA license agreement and check the Agreement box to accept. You will be
asked to choose the type of installation you would like to perform.
Figure 29. Installation Type
If you don’t have all the KONA supported products installed on your workstation, you
may choose to perform a Custom installation (default) and select only the software
necessary for your applications. Otherwise, use the “Complete” installation. The following
screens depict the more elaborate Custom installation.
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Figure 30. Custom Installation Menu
You may deselect an Item for installation by using the pulldown to make it unavailable.
Figure 31. Custom Selections Pulldown Menu
Use the second level options choose the specific drivers and plugins you would like
installed. Disabled selections are marked with a red X. Before clicking Next to install, you
can verify your disk space availability by clicking the Disk Usage button.
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Figure 32. Workstation Disk Usage Display
To return to the installation click OK. Click Next to begin the installation. screen.
Figure 33. Begin Driver and Plugin Installation
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When the installer has completed copying the KONA software to disk, you may see a
standard Windows Logo test warning. Click on the “Continue Anyway” button to finish
the installation.
When the installation is completed, a final screen will be displayed announcing that
“Setup has finished installing AJA KONA on your computer.” Click on the Finish button
after the installation is complete. The AJA Retail installation requires you restart the
computer after installation to activate the KONA card.
Figure 34. Restart Screen
You may now repeat this installation procedure for your chosen Application plugins.
Re-Install & Repair
NOTE:
If you have problems running your newly installed plugins or need to re-install to add
AJA drivers or application plugins, you can relaunch the install package and access the
following window.
Always uninstall KONA software before running a newer version software installation
package.
Figure 35. Change, Repair, or Remove Installation Menu
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Updating KONA Firmware
When you update your KONA software by downloading new versions from the aja.com
website, it is possible that some versions may also require a firmware update to update
the software stored in non-volatile memory on the board. Always carefully read the
release notes that accompany each version to be installed. The release notes will spell
out all required software and hardware necessary to ensure a successful update of your
KONA card.
Follow these instructions when a firmware update is required:
1. First install the new version of KONA software.
2. After successfully installing the new KONA software, the AJA KONA Updater will
automatically launch. (The updater application is located in the AJA Utilities folder.)
3. When the updater starts, the following screen will display indicating the current
firmware and update firmware creation date.
Figure 36. Firmware Update Welcome Screen
4. Click Update Firmware to begin the update process. Do not interrupt the update
process
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Figure 37. Firmware Update Warning Screen
5. After the firmware installation completes, you’ll be asked to Shut Down the
computer, wait for two seconds, and then start up again.
Figure 38. Firmware Update Power-down Screen
IMPORTANT:
KONA v10.5
A Restart of the computer will not load the new firmware—click Shut Down to initiate a
complete ON/OFF power cycle to load the new firmware into the hardware.
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Chapter 3: Operation
Using KONA with Professional Video /Audio Software
After you install the KONA software and any AJA plug-ins to support your choice of 3rdparty software, you’re then ready to begin capturing and playing back video and audio.
Go here to look for AJA plug-ins and documentation for your favorite 3rd-party software
applications:
http://www.aja.com/en/support/downloads/
Once you’ve installed all the AJA software as detailed in the separate KONA Installation
Guide, you’ll find the AJA Control Panel installed on your computer.
Control Panel Screens Used:
KONA 4 and KONA 3G Control Panel functions are virtually the same except for KONA 4’s
higher frame rates and certain HDMI and Analog Out monitoring options for 4K/UHD
formats. KONA 3G Control Panel screen shots are used for this discussion.
AJA Control Panel Overview
The AJA Control Panel is a software application that provides a simple visual window
showing how the KONA interface is currently configured and allows you to make
changes.
To ensure you make the most of the software, launch the AJA Control Panel application
and look at its display. Then refer to the “Basics” described here to fully understand what
you’re seeing and learn how to view and change the KONA system configuration.
Setups you create can be saved as a snapshot (Presets screen) for recall at any time. You
can save various KONA configurations associated with all your frequent tasks. You don’t
have to spend time resetting interface configurations—just load the previously saved
settings for each task.
Single-user &
Network Settings
The AJA Control Panel offers preference settings that support both:
• User Preferences— Preferences stored from the last Control Panel State to be used on
next startup of AJA Control Panel.
• Shared Preferences— Preferences saved by an Administrator for use as a default start
state for AJA Control Panel.
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User Preferences:
This file exists to immediately, automatically, store preference changes made by a user on
a particular AJA device. When any control is changed in the Control Panel, that change is
recorded in the preferences file stored in a unique user preferences location dedicated to
that particular device and serial number. Then, when AJA control panel is restarted for
any reason, it will restart with the same preferences it used when it closed.
However, if a user sets their preferences, and then replaces the AJA device with a
different one, the Control Panel will either:
• Start up with the factory defaults, or
• Start up with the “house defaults” dictated by the system administrator (if a Shared
Preferences file exists).
The User Preferences File can be found in the following locations.
On Mac:
• /Users/<USER_NAME>/Library/Preferences/com.aja.devicesettings
On Windows 8:
• C:\Users\<USER_NAME>\AppData\Local\Aja\com.aja.devicesettings
Shared Preferences:
An administrator can establish house standards for the AJA Control Panel by creating the
user preferences file (described above) and placing it in a shared location where it will
establish a standard default startup state for all users of a given computer system. These
settings preempt the initial AJA default settings.
To establish the House Default for every user on every system, a system or network
administrator can move this default file to all systems on the network (manually or by
pushing it out across the network). All users on the network will then open to the House
Defaults when they launch the AJA control panel for the first time.
NOTE:
If the user makes changes to the control panel themselves, those changes will be saved in
their user preferences, which will take priority over the house default dictated by the shared
preferences file.
The Shared Preferences file should be a file created at the User Preferences location
described above, and placed by the System Administrator in the following locations.
On Mac:
• /Users/Shared/Library/Preferences/com.aja.devicesettings
On Windows 8:
C:\Users\All Users\Aja\com.aja.devicesettings
You’ll notice that the Control Panel is a visual block diagram representing the KONA card
configuration. The current status, input, and output settings, and many other details are
presented as a color-coded block diagram in the Control Panel.
NOTE:
This section describes all KONA card control screens and functions. Available screens and
functions vary across KONA models. KONA LHe Plus and LHi generally offer subsets of the
more robust functionality of the KONA 4/3G. Therefore, the KONA 4/3G screens will be
illustrated and exceptions for the other models will be noted. For example:
• KONA 4/3G offers HDMI output only and its HDMI screen offers output settings
only,
• LHe Plus does not offer HDMI I/O and does not list that screen topic link at all,
• LHi provides HDMI input and output settings so it’s HDMI input settings are
described after KONA 4/3G HDMI output settings.
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Control Panel
Definitions
The following are some basic definitions you should know:
Block Diagram Screen:
The top area of the AJA Control Panel shows a
representation of the current processing (if
any), including: inputs/outputs, up-,down-, or
cross-conversion, reference source, and
system status. Lines between inputs, the
framebuffer, and outputs, show a video path.
Where there are no lines, no video presence is
detected. This can be either because an input
or output isn't selected or because no video is
present at the selected input. The lines will
also show whether the inputs or outputs are
single, dual, video, or video + key.
Control- or Right-clicking
an icon produces a
context-sensitive menu
Icon objects on the block diagram screen (input/output icons, frame buffer, etc.) indicate
their status by color.
You can click on an icon to call up its related settings screen (for example, click an HDMI
icon to call up the HDMI screen information) or click any of the screen selection links in
the left column. Also, you can right-click or Control-click an icon to see context-sensitive
information and choices.
NOTE:
You can use the Up/Down arrows on your keyboard to select from the screen navigation links.
Figure 39. AJA Control Panel, Block Diagram
Framebuffer
Format
(Primary Format)
Currently
selected
screen
Outputs:
SDI, HDMI,
and Analog
Inputs
Screen links – click one to edit/view a topic
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Framebuffer:
The framebuffer is the “engine” in KONA where active video operations take place using
the third-party video application, or KONA itself. The framebuffer has a format (called the
“Primary Format” and color space that it follows, as defined in the Control Panel Screens
or via external application software “easy setups”).
It is important to realize that inside the workstation computer, many applications can use
the KONA card (as you switch from window to window) and it may not always be obvious
which currently controls it.
The Control Panel displays the name of the application controlling the KONA card in the
upper right corner (see the figure below). In some cases, applications may not always
properly release the I/O interface as another takes over—you’ll be able to tell by looking
at the Control Panel.
After studying the basics, read “Who is Controlling KONA?” on page 79 for more advanced
information on how applications interact with KONA.
Figure 40. Control Panel Screen Showing Application Currently Using KONA
Primary Format:
The video format currently assigned to the KONA card. This is the format that the
framebuffer will use and is shown in the Control Panel using the color blue. All icons in
blue are the same as the Primary Format used by the framebuffer. Also any text
descriptions in the block diagram that appear in blue also indicate that something is in
the primary format. So if you see that the input and output icons are blue, then you know
that the same format is used throughout the video path and no format conversion is
being performed. If a different color is displayed on the input or output (green for
example) you know that KONA is performing a format conversion in the video path.
Secondary Format:
Any format other than the currently selected Primary Format, is a secondary format. This
means that either the Inputs or Outputs are somehow different from the framebuffer’s
assigned format—the “Primary Format.” The color change from blue makes this
immediately apparent.
Input/Output Icons:
These icons are active color-coded triangles that show the status of all the KONA inputs
and outputs (selected, not selected, input presence, format, etc.). A complete video path
is shown when inputs and outputs are connected with lines going to/from the
framebuffer.
Figure 41. Input/Output Icon
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Conversion Icons:
When an input or output is a different standard than the framebuffer, the KONA card may
be up-, down-, or cross-converting the signal to the selected standard. This may be
automatic, because it's detected an input signal that differs from the standard currently
selected, or because you've explicitly told it to convert. In either case, the block diagram
will show the conversion by displaying a conversion icon between the input or output
and the framebuffer.
Figure 42. Signal Conversion Icons
Color Meanings:
All items in the AJA Control Panel block diagram are color-coded to show what is
happening in realtime. This applies to both icons and text. These colors have the
following corresponding meanings:
• Blue: video is same format as the Primary Format (framebuffer)
• Red: the selected operation cannot be performed
• Yellow: reference video (black burst or other reference source)
• Green: indicates that KONA is performing an active change to the video making it
different from the Primary Format (e.g., down-conversion).
Control Panel Screens:
The left side area of the AJA Control Panel provides a navigation list of available function
screens. Clicking on a link (or alternatively, a related element in the block diagram)
displays an information screen corresponding to that topic. Screens that can be selected
for KONA are:
Control: configures some basic KONA operation options and output timing.
Format: select the framebuffer primary video format and any secondary formats for
conversion of inputs/outputs
Input Select: view and edit input selections and audio mapping
SDI Out: select output format
HDMI: configure the HDMI I/O (LHi, KONA 4 and 3G models only)
Analog Out: configure the component format and audio monitor setup
Video Setup: configures Video such as composite black level, progressive format and
QuickTime options.
Audio Setup: configures Audio options such as analog audio monitor level.
Conversion: (Mac platform only) select codec options such as whether paused video
appears as a full frame or a single field (jitter shown or not shown) and 24 to 30 fps
padding patterns. Select RGB range, and Stereo 3D signal configuration (if applicable).
DS Keyer: setup and control the insertion of keyed video from the frame buffer or
graphics files with alpha channel.
Timecode: monitors RP-188 timecode and configure timecode window burn output
(Note: SMPTE 12M-2 is the updated name and specification for what was RP-188).
Presets: add or delete saved preset configurations (handy for setting up the KONA card
for varied workflows and then saving them as canned configuration for quick and easy
recall)
Firmware: for KONA 4/3G, choose between Standard and 4K Modes and initiate
installation of the firmware. For all KONA models, install KONA firmware contained in
your current driver package.
Info: displays status information and firmware version # of the KONA card and how it is
installed in the host computer. This information is generally intended for
troubleshooting/support.
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Control Panel Operation in Standard Mode
NOTE:
Control Screen
This section discusses KONA standard mode Control Panel operation. The KONA 4 and 3G
cards also offer 4K Mode which will be discussed later (see “Using KONA 4 and 3G in 4K Mode”
on page 71).
The KONA card can be controlled by various software applications running on a host
computer. The Control screen is where you select how the KONA directs video and is
used by application software. This screen also provides control for configuring output
timing with regard to external reference video and horizontal/vertical delay.
At the top of the Control Screen it will show the currently selected AJA device if more
than one is available in your system.
Figure 43. AJA Control Panel, Control Screen
Control Screen Settings
Default Output This is where you select what the KONA card will output as a default when no application
has control of the board, such as when the Mac Finder or Windows Navigation Pane is
active. Since KONA can be controlled by software applications as well as its own control
panel, the output can change dynamically. When you select many video applications,
they will take control of the KONA inputs and outputs. However, when an application
that doesn’t take control is active, these settings determine what KONA will output.
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The following are the Default Output Choices and their meanings:
Black:
This selection directs the KONA card to output video black whenever an application isn't
controlling the card.
Input Pass through:
This selection directs KONA to route video from its selected input through the card for
processing and output. When this selection is chosen, all Primary/Secondary Format
selections are available for selection in controlling the output. This in effect makes the
KONA card a converter. No applications other than the AJA Control Panel need be open
to convert audio and video from one format to another. For example, if you have KONA
3G or LHi and need to dub an SD source tape needs to an HD tape, the signal can be
routed from the SD VTR to the KONA card configured for up-conversion in the AJA
Control Panel and then passed through to the HD VTR for recording. (Note: LHe Plus
performs down-conversion only.)
Test Pattern:
This selection directs the KONA card to output a choice of preset pattern when no other
application is using the KONA card. You can choose from:
Black, Color bars (75% or 100%), Ramp, Multiburst, Line Sweep, Multi Pattern, or Flat Field.
In addition to the preset test pattern choices, a “Load File...” selection at the bottom of the
menu allows you to load any standard RGB graphics file (.tif,.psd, etc.) into the frame
buffer for display.
While in Test Pattern mode, you can select RGB or YUV output via a pulldown menu.
NOTE:
Hold Last Application:
The graphic file will not be scaled to fit. If it's smaller than the current frame buffer format,
KONA will center it in the frame. If it's larger than the current frame buffer format, it will be
cropped on the right and bottom. Also some graphics formats and bit depths may not be
supported. Once a graphic file is loaded into the frame buffer it will be retained until it is
overwritten by another graphic or test pattern, or when power is turned off. Graphic file
names are only “remembered” in the menu until the AJA Control Panel application closed.
This selection directs KONA to hold and output the last frame of video from the last
application to control KONA. This can be helpful when operating in an environment
where you're switching back and forth between multiple application windows.
Playback Timing Use these controls to set Genlock and Timing adjustment.
Genlock:
Selects how KONA will synchronize program video:
Freerun: In this mode, KONA generates sync without an external reference source
Ref In: Directs KONA to use the Ref Video source for sync (usually an analog black burst
video signal)
Video In: Directs KONA to use whichever video input source has been selected in the
Inputs Screen for sync
Timing (Horiz and Vert)::
These two pull-downs allow output timing adjustment with reference to the Ref Video
source selected:
• Horizontal selects a number of pixels (clocks) to offset
• Vertical specifies a number of lines to offset
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Format Screen
The Formats screen shows the video format currently in use by the KONA framebuffer
(called the Primary Format) and allows you to change it. All throughout the Control Panel,
choices are always presented based on what KONA can do with the signals available and
the inputs/outputs selected. For example, on the Format screen, if the output or inputs
are a different format than the primary, then you’ll see an additional information pane
that allows you to view and edit the secondary format—including control over whether
up/down/cross conversion is employed.
Figure 44. AJA Control Panel, Formats Screen
Format Screen Settings
Video Format (Primary and
Secondary):
These pull-down menus show the currently selected formats. If you select an alternate
value in the Primary Format using the pull-down, it will change the format used by
KONA's framebuffer.
When a change is made via the Video Format pull-down or by clicking an icon and
selecting a new format via a contextual menu, the block diagram will change to reflect
the new format. In the case of a Secondary Format, the formats available can vary based
on what the Primary Format is and the input signal (frame rates of input sources limits
the to/from conversion choices).
The “Secondary Video Format” pull-down menu lists all compatible formats for selection
(incompatible formats are not shown). This allows you to see what you've chosen, and
also see those formats that are compatible with the selected Primary format.
Pixel Format:
KONA v10.5
Use this pulldown menu to choose: YUV-10, YUV-8, RGB-10, or ARGB-8
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RGB Range:
The RGB Range pulldown menu allows you to select either Full-range (0-1023) or SMPTE
range (typically 64-940) for RGB color output.
For video formats supported by the KONA models, refer to “Specifications” on page 85.
NOTE:
The AJA Control Panel software uses the abbreviation “sf” instead of “psf” when referring to
“progressive segmented frame” formats. In the manual and in other literature you may see
either of these acronyms used interchangeably. Visually, it is easier to recognize:
• “sf” for progressively segmented frame formats
• “p” for progressive frame formats
Format Conversions
Cross-conversion:
If you have an HD format as your primary and then select a secondary HD format with a
different frame size, the KONA 4/3G will perform a cross-conversion where necessary
(input or output) for “like Hz” formats. “Like Hz” means that 720P 59.94 may be converted
to 1080i 29.97 (59.94Hz). Converting from disparate Hz is not supported on the KONA 4/
3G for cross-conversions. The example below shows 1080i to 720p.
Up (Conversion):
The Up and Down pull-down menus are available when conversion has been selected for
the video path to/from the framebuffer and like Hz formats are selected (the one
exception is 1080PsF 23.98 which can be downconverted to 525i 29.97.) Different choices
will be available depending on the type of conversion and formats being converted. SD
to SD conversions are essentially aspect ratio conversions to accommodate transforming
anamorphic images to letterbox or vice versa.
For up-conversion the following choices are available:
• Anamorphic: full-screen “stretched” image
• Pillar box 4:3: results in a 4:3 image in center of screen with black sidebars
• Zoom 14:9: results in a 4:3 image zoomed slightly to fill a 14:9 image with black
sidebars
• Zoom Letterbox: results in image zoomed to fill full screen
• Zoom Wide: results in a combination of zoom and horizontal stretch to fill a 16:9
screen; this setting can introduce a small aspect ratio change
Down (Conversion):
For down-conversion the following choices are available:
• Letterbox: image is reduced with black top and bottom added to image area with
the aspect ratio preserved
• Crop: image is cropped to fit new screen size
• Anamorphic: full-screen “stretched” image
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Figure 45. AJA Control Panel, Formats Screen, Example shows cross-conversion
SD to SD:
This pulldown is for SD to SD aspect ratio conversion.
• Letterbox: this transforms SD anamorphic material to a letterboxed image
• H Crop: will produce a horizontally stretched effect on the image; transforms
anamorphic SD to full frame SD
• Pillarbox: will produce an image in the center of the screen with black borders on
the left and right sides and an anamorphized image in the center
• V Crop: will transform SD letterbox material to an anamorphic image
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Input Select Screen
On the Inputs screen, you can view the currently selected video and audio input sources
and map audio sources to the channels supported by your editing application. Two
information panes in the screen are provided: Video Input and Audio Input.
Figure 46. AJA Control Panel, Inputs Screen
Input select Screen
Settings
Video Input:
The pulldown menu allows you to see and change the currently selected video format
that KONA has detected (if any). In the KONA 3G example shown above, video is selected
at the SDI1 input and the format is 1080i with a frame rate of 29,97. Since this text is
shown in blue, you an tell that it matches the framebuffer's primary format selected in
the "Formats" screen. By looking at the input source, you can determine how the
promary format should likely be set (unless you want to perform a conversion on the
input). If you wish to select a different input, use the pulldown to select either SDI 1, 2, or
Dual Link for two-wire 4:4:4 RGB, or Stereo 3D. For 3G single-link, choose the SDI Source
used and select Stereo 3D from the SDI pulldown menu.
Use the LTC/Ref menu pulldown next to Video Input to select how the LTC BNC is used:
• Reference = a Reference standard
• LTC=linear time code (LTC) input.
System Genlock:
KONA v10.5
For video stability and proper system operation, you can genlock all equipment to house
sync. However, genlock is not required due to KONA's excellent freerun accuracy. To
connect genlock, use a black burst generator output looped through the system. On the
KONA, connect house sync to "LTC/Ref In."
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NOTE:
Audio Input:
SDI Output Screen
Be sure to set the Reference/LTC connection to Reference in the pulldown menu in the Video
Input pane.
This pulldown menu allows you to pick where the audio comes from. KONA supports up
to 8 channels of embedded audio. You can choose from the 16 channels embedded in
the SDI, which 8 to bring in (1-8 or 9-16). Here, if only two channels were selected in the
third-party application you are using, you can select which two channels from the 8
embedded will be mapped to that application.
The SDI Output Screen shows the current settings for both of the SDI outputs. Because
the outputs can be configured independently, one output may be the Primary format
and the other output may be the Secondary format. If an input/output has no video, it
will be indicated on the block diagram (“No Video”).
Figure 47. AJA Control Panel, SDI Output Screen
SDI Output screen Configure the SDI outputs using pulldown menus:
settings
Primary:
Secondary:
KONA v10.5
When selected, this indicates that the SDI output is set to the same format as the
framebuffer. That value will be listed in blue.
When selected, this indicates that the SDI output is set to a format different from the
framebuffer (Primary Format). That secondary format value will be listed in green. This
shows that active processing of the video is taking place (format change and possibly upor down-conversion).
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Video+Key:
When selected, this indicates that the SDI 3 video is set to the same format as the
framebuffer. SDI 4 is set to a video key signal associated with SDI 3 (the shape to be cut
out from the video - this will appear as a black and white image/matte). Using the second
KONA output as an Alpha Channel key, with the video output, may be useful for feeding
production switchers, DVEs or other professional video equipment. If Video+Key has
been selected as an output, the block diagram will indicate the SDI outputs with video in
blue and the key in red.
Stereo:
When selected, this indicates that SDI 1 represents the left eye output and SDI 2
represents the right eye output of stereoscopic material.KONA 4/3G also offers single link
3Gb output of multiplexed Stereo 3D.
Dual Stream Options:
Dual Link:
3Gb:
HDMI Screen
Output (SMPTE 372M) using SDI 1 and SDI 1 in concert.
Output (SMPTE 424M) using a single-link transport.
The KONA 4, 3G and LHi models offer HDMI output while the LHi card accepts HDMI
input also. The following descriptions and figures show the 3G output configuration
options followed by LHi HDMI Input options.
Figure 48. KONA LHi HDMI Screen
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HDMI Output Settings The Source pulldown menu allows you to select either the primary video format
(framebuffer) or a secondary one (up/down/cross-conversion).
Stereo 3D:
NOTE:
A pulldown menu for 3D output allows you to select either Side-by-Side or Top-Bottom
(Stacked) output of left-eye and right-eye signals.
This selection must agree with format selection in the third-party CineForm Codec (NOT
included with AJA KONA 4/3G) pulldown menu.
Pulldowns are also provided for configuring the video Protocol, Color Space, RGB Range,
and Audio Channels:
Protocol:
Color Space:
The Protocol pulldown allows you to choose either “HDMI” or “DVI” protocol—use DVI if
you’re outputting to a DVI monitor using an HDMI to DVI adapter.
Selects the HDMI output color space and depth. These are the choices:
• Auto–UDC automatically selects the mode based on getting the attached HDMI
device's EDID information. This is the recommended setting. The selected mode is
shown to the right of the pull-down control.
• RGB 8Bit–UDC uses 8-bit RGB mode regardless of the attached device's EDID.
• RGB 10Bit–UDC uses 10-bit RGB mode regardless of the attached device's EDID.
• YCbCr 10Bit–UDC uses 10-bit YCbCr mode regardless of the attached device's
EDID.
RGB Range (SMPTE or Full levels)–the RGB Range pulldown menu allows you to
select either Full range (0-1023) or SMPTE range (typically 64-940) for RGB color
output.
Audio Channels–an Audio Channel pulldown allows you to select the number of
embedded audio channels for the HDMI output.
KONA LHi HDMI Input The detected HDMI input video format is displayed and you’re given pull-down menus to
Settings configure the RGB range (SMPTE or FULL) and select any two embedded channel pairs
from those supplied for stereo output (if applicable).
Figure 49. KONA LHi Input Screen section
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Analog Out Screen
KONA 4/3G provides a high-quality analog component or composite + Y/C output,
generally used for monitoring. This screen shows the current settings for that analog
output, and allows you to re-configure it when desired (format and black-level).
Figure 50. AJA Control Panel, Analog Out Screen
Analog Out Screen
Settings
Analog Output:
Formats:
Select Primary or Secondary (any conversion applied) for the analog output; if a
conversion is applied, you’ll see the conversion icon appear on the block diagram.
Next, select the video format from the Format pulldown.
• Component (SMPTE/EBU N10)
• Component (Beta)
• Component (RGB)
A Note About YPbPr:
Component Video, or YPbPr, has been given several names over time. YUV, Y/R-Y/B-Y, and
YCbCr, are just some examples. Although these various formats have some differences in
levels, they are all basically the same. KONA uses the modern YPbPr terminology exclusively.
KONA supports three different types of YPbPr:
• SMPTE/EBU N10
• Betacam (NTSC)
• Betacam (NTSC Japan).
These three formats differ in level only and are configured here.
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Audio Monitor:
Video Setup Screen
Here you select which two channels will be mapped to the analog audio stereo output
(headphone jack).
KONA4/ 3G provides a high-quality analog component or composite output, generally
used for monitoring. This screen shows the current settings for that analog video output,
and allows you to re-configure it when desired.
Figure 51. AJA Control Panel, Video Setup Screen
Video Setup Screen
Settings
Analog Black Level:
Choices available for Black Level are the two Composite analog formats. Choices
presented are for US or Japan:
• 7.5 IRE (NTSC US)
• 0 IRE (NTSC Japan)
Progressive Formats:
QuickTime Video Output Filter
(available on Mac OS only):
Radio buttons allow you to choose between psf (progressive segmented frames) and
p (progressive frames) non-interlaced output.
The QuickTime Video Output Display Filter is designed to help manage the
comprehensive list of video outputs that may be available to applications.
By selecting the checkbox next to specified parameters, the video outputs related to
these specified parameters are enabled as possible video outputs for applications. For
example, if the checkbox next to 25/50 is unchecked, 50Hz video outputs are deselected
and would not be available to the user’s editing application. To avoid confusion when
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working in a particular editorial environment, you might choose to leave 50Hz
unchecked if working solely in a 60Hz editorial environment. The same might be true if
you do not intend to work with true progressive 1080 material.
Audio Setup Screen
This screen shows the current settings for the analog audio output, allowing you to reconfigure it when desired.
Figure 52. AJA Control Panel, Audio Setup Screen
Audio Setup Screen
Settings
Lock Audio Gain To Unity:
Enable DBL Audio Capture:
KONA v10.5
When set, the KONA 4/3G will ignore the third-party application gain setting and set the
audio gain at unity. When not set, this checkbox tells the KONA 4/3G to get the audio
gain setting from the application.
This selection enables “double-speed” ingest of audio when using hardware and
software applications that support it.
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Conversion Screen
(Mac OS only)
In the Mac OS version of the AJA Control Panel, this screen offers controls that determine
how the card behaves with 3rd-party applications.
Figure 53. AJA Control Panel, Conversion Screen
Conversion Screen
Settings
Software Conversion:
Pause On:
The value selected in this pulldown is used whenever, due to format selection, you’ve
chosen to do 24 frames-per-second to 30 conversion where extra fields will be added to
pad the existing ones. Depending on video content, selection of different field patterns
may be useful in reducing jitter due to the content of adjacent fields. The numbers in the
pattern choices specify the frequency with which inserted fields will be repeated. For
example, “2:3:2:3” means duplicate a field twice, then the next field three times, then the
next twice, and then back to three times.
These two choices determine what happens when the editing application is paused in
stop mode:
• Full Frame: both fields are displayed resulting in some jitter while paused
Single Field: a single field is displayed, showing no flicker (useful when color correcting or
whenever the flickering would be a distraction).
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Figure 54. AJA Control Panel, Codec Screen, Frame-padding Pattern Choices
YUV-RGB Conversion::
Colorspace:
These pulldowns select industry standard color space and gamma transfer functions for
the YUV-RGB conversion, or allow you to direct the KONA card to automatically
determine it for you.
Choose from:
• Rec 601
• Rec 709
• Auto
Gamma:
Choose from the following:
Linear (1.8)
Rec 601 (2.20)
Rec 709 (2.22)
Auto
Enable Custom LUTs:
KONA v10.5
This checkbox enables a custom color lookup table (LUT).
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DS Keyer Screen
The KONA 4/3G have a hardware-based downstream keyer that is ideal for putting logos,
“bugs” or other video material with an alpha channel on top of video being played out or
printed to tape. A typical application would be putting a television station's call letters or
channel over program video content. Keyed video can be from the KONA's internal Frame
Buffer (from storage, video In, KONA TV, etc.) or from a graphics file that has an alpha
channel (PhotoShop etc.).
NOTE:
The Downstream Keyer is for use with Standard Mode firmware, not 4K Mode.
Figure 55. AJA Control Panel, Downstream Keyer Screen
Settings in the DS Keyer Screen provide control over how the keyer operates and
whether it's turned on or off. Controls and their meanings in the screen are as follows:
Downstream Keyer
Mode
Downstream Keyer Off:
Frame Buffer over Matte:
Frame Buffer over Video In:
Graphic over Matte:
KONA v10.5
When this pulldown menu item is selected the downstream keyer will be turned off.
Places the keyed video with alpha channel currently in the Frame Buffer over a fixed color
matte determined by the “Matte Color” setting set separately.
Places the keyed video currently in the Frame Buffer over the video input for playout or
print-to-tape.
Places a graphics file having an alpha channel (chosen in “Graphic File” pulldown) over a
fixed color matte determined by the “Matte Color” setting set separately.
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Graphic over Video In:
Places a graphics file having an alpha channel (chosen in “Graphic File” pulldown) over
the video input for playout or print-to-tape.
Graphic over Frame Buffer:
Places a graphics file having an alpha channel (chosen in “Graphic File” pulldown) over
the current contents of the KONA card’s Frame Buffer (which might be from storage,
video In, KONA TV, etc.).
Matte Color Only available when the pulldown “Frame Buffer over Matte” or “Graphic over Matte” are
selected-pressing this button brings up a color selection dialog. The dialog provides a
variety of ways to select a matte color including a color wheel, color picker (choose from
a location anywhere on the computer screen), numeric sliders, swatches, “crayons”, and
spectrums. The matte chosen will be used as a video background under the keyed video.
Foreground pre- Use to avoid “matte lines” and improve the appearance of the foreground (key) being
multiplied (checkbox) composited over the background.
Audio Out
Frame Buffer:
Audio In:
Select audio out to be routed from the contents of the Frame Buffer.
Select audio out to be routed from KONA’s currently selected input(s).
Opacity This slider controls the transparency of the keyed video (over the background) from
translucent to completely opaque.
Graphic File This pulldown allows you to choose from any recently accessed file or select a new file
(“Load File...”), which then brings up a file dialogue. Remember that the file raster (pixel x
pixel count) should match the primary format in the frame buffer or the secondary
format if upconverting. Example: you wish to key a logo on top of your 1920x1080
footage, the still image with alpha channel that you load should be 1920x1080.
Figure 56. Downstream Keyer Graphic Selection
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Figure 57. DS Keyer Screen, Loading a Graphic Over Framebuffer
Figure 58. DS Keyer Screen, Loading a Graphic File Over a Matte
Click Matte Color
button to bring up
color selection
dialog
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Timecode Screen
The Timecode input:
• Selects the timecode stream read for applications that use it (for example, when the
timecode source is set to “Use control panel setting,” AJA Control Room will read the
selected stream)
• Is used for monitoring the RP-188 timecode embedded in the digital data stream
• Is used for selecting a timecode offset (if required)
Figure 59. AJA Control Panel, Timecode Screen
Timecode Input Settings
RP-188 Timecode <n>:
In RP-188 timecode (SMPTE 12M-2) there can be multiple timecode types in the data
stream. Use this pull-down to select the one you wish to monitor:
• RP188 LTC (Linear timecode)
• RP188 VITC 1 (Vertical Interval timecode)
• RP188 VITC 2
• LTC Port input
The selection will be displayed in the timecode value displayed to the right of the pulldown.
User Bits:
NOTE:
KONA v10.5
For monitoring a variable framerate (VFR) timecode (such as Varicam), you may wish to
check the User-bits box. If you set this checkbox, KONA will detect and interpret the userbits and display them next to the checkbox. You will see the original framerate (30 fps in
the figure below) followed by the adjusted frame padding (two digits reporting
discarded and retained frame padding).
SMPTE 12M-2 is the updated name and specification for what was RP-188.
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Figure 60. AJA Control Panel, Timecode Screen
Timecode Output Settings
Use QuickTime Timecode
(Mac OS Only):
This feature is for Final Cut Pro 7 (or earlier), AJA Control Room, and AJA TV only. When
checked, it directs KONA to output timecode from the QuickTime timecode track.
Timecode Burn-in:
This pulldown selects whether the timecode value is displayed in a “burned-in” window
in video output. If set to “OFF”, timecode will not be keyed over the video. If set to
“Timecode”, then the timecode value will be keyed over the output video for all of the
KONA outputs. This can be useful for synchronizing, choosing edit points, dailies, and
many other purposes.
Timecode Offset (entry field
and FPS pull-down):
When QuickTime timecode in disabled, this text entry field allows you to generate a
timecode based on the offset entry. You can select a framerate from the pulldown menu
at the right side of the pane. Use that same value here as the source video to ensure the
timecode is synchronized.
NOTE:
SMPTE RP 188 defines a standard for the transmission of time code and control code in the
ancillary data space of a digital television data stream. Time code information is transmitted
in the ancillary data space as defined in ANSI/SMPTE 291M. Multiple codes can be transmitted
within a single digital video data stream. Other time information, such as real time clock,
DTTR tape timer information, and other user-defined information, may also be carried in the
ancillary time code packet instead of time code. The actual information transmitted through
the interface is identified by the coding of a distributed binary bit. Equipment manufacturers
can use the meta data for different purposes.
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Presets Screen
After configuring the AJA Control Panel screens, you can then save all your settings as a
snapshot for later recall—called a preset. In this way, you can organize presets for all your
typical tasks, eliminating time-robbing manual reconfiguration each time. To save a
preset, go to the Presets screen and click “Save Preset.” A dialog will be presented asking
you for a name; enter a meaningful name and click “OK”. Thereafter the preset will be
available under the Control Panel “Presets” list.
Figure 61. Presets Screen
From the Presets screen you can manage your collection of presets easily. To Load or
Delete a stored preset, just select it with your mouse and then click the “Load Preset” or
“Delete” button respectively.
Transferring Saved Presets:
If you want to use a saved Preset on another workstation, you can simply copy the file on
removable storage and install it at the new location. The Preset file is always stored at:
• ~/Library/Application Support/AJA/<device name> Presets/ [on Mac]
• c:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local\AJA\Control Panel\<device name> Presets\
[Windows 8]
Reset to Default:
When you click the 'Reset to default' button the control panel will delete the User's
preference file and do one of the following:
A. If “Shared” preferences exist, they are reloaded and the device is set to this state.
B. If the “Shared” preferences file does not exist, “factory defaults” are loaded and
the device is set to this state.
For more information on Preset preferences see “Single-user & Network Settings” on
page 44.
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Firmware Screen
Use the Firmware link to access the firmware update/changeover screen. For the KONA 4/
3G, the Desired pulldown menu allows you to select either:
• Standard Mode—for SD, HD, and 2K formats (allows up/down/cross-conversion)
• 4K Mode—for SD, HD, 2K and QuadHD (3840x2160) and 4K (4096x2160) formats
(disables up/down/cross-conversion)
Click install to erase current firmware and load the desired mode. Note the Installation
message shown below.
Figure 62. Firmware Changeover to 4K
You will be required to power-cycle your computer to finish the changeover.
Figure 63. Changeover Completed
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Info Screen
This screen shows the KONA software files that have been installed on your system. This
information may be needed if you talk to an AJA Customer Service representative to
determine if files are missing or need updating.
Figure 64. Information Screen in Standard Mode
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Using KONA 4 and 3G in 4K Mode
In 4K Mode (KONA4/ 3G only), you can input (for capture) or output four channels of
video representing individual quadrants of the higher definition 3840x2160 and
4096x2160 4K formats, see “Format Screen in 4K Mode” on page 72.
NOTE:
The KONA 4/3G can only be configured for either input or output of SDI 4K. It cannot support
4K SDI input and output at the same time since both require four BNCs. KONA 4 can be
configured for 4K SDI input and then use 4K HDMI output to monitor the passthrough video.
Figure 65. Mapping of Quad SDI Outputs
Physical connections of the quadrants will be
mapped to the KONA 4/3G SDI connectors as
shown. For the HDMI and Analog Outputs, you
can from a variety of options for viewing (see
“HDMI Screen in 4K Mode” on page 75 and
“Analog Output Screen in 4K Mode” on page 76).
This section describes the AJA Control Panel
operations specific to 4K Mode. Note that in 4K
Mode, you can still capture and playback SD,
HD, and 2K formats, though there are no up/
down/cross conversions available. You will see SDI inputs only when SD, HD, or 2K inputs
are selected. SDI Outputs 1 & 2 will be reconfigured as SDI 1 & 2 Inputs on the screen.
Figure 66. HD SDI Input Format in 4K Mode
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NOTE:
Format Screen in 4K
Mode
Up, Down, and Cross Conversion are available only when the KONA 4/3G module has
Standard Mode firmware installed (see “Firmware Screen” on page 69).
In 4K Mode, you will see SDI inputs when the selected Primary Format is standard SD, HD
or 2K. SDI inputs are reconfigured as Outputs SDI 1 & 2 when a 4K format is selected.
Figure 67. Format Screen with 4K Primary Selected
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4K Capture Mode
You can configure the bi-directional SDI connectors for input by accessing the Control
Screen and selecting Input Passthrough in the Default Output>Video Output menu.
Alternatively, when you launch an appropriate capture application (such as
AJA Control Room) and select a 4K digitizer in the application, KONA 4/3G will
automatically map the SDI ports to 4x HD(1080) for UHD. The inputs text will show
“2Kx1080” for “true” 4K.
Figure 68. Control Screen with a Controlling 4K Capture Application
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SDI Output Screen
in 4K Mode
The SDI Output Screen allows you to select the Primary format or RGB for 4K output.
Video+Key and Stereo 3D are available selections for SD, HD, or 2K formats only.
Figure 69. SDI Output Screen with 4K Format
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HDMI Screen in 4K
Mode
The HDMI screen allows you to make the same selections previously described for
Standard Mode when an SD, HD, or 2K format is selected (refer to “HDMI Screen” on
page 56).
Figure 70. HDMI Output Screen with Quad HD Output Configuration
Exclusive to UHD/4K formats, an HDMI monitor output Select menu is available to
choose:
• Primary – the full 4K or UHD format
• 4K Quarter – (in KONA 4) a downconversion to 2K x 1080 in 4K or 1920 x 1080 for UHD.
• A single Quadrant (1, 2, 3, or 4) of the 4K or UHD signal (see the discussion on 4K
quadrant mapping at this beginning of this section).
Figure 71. HDMI 4K Quadrant Selection Menu
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Analog Output
Screen in 4K Mode
The Analog Output screen allows you to make the same selections previously described
for Standard Mode when an SD, HD, or 2K format is selected (refer to “Analog Out Screen”
on page 58).
Figure 72. Analog Output Screen with 4K Primary Format
For 4K formats, a Quandrant Select menu is available to choose the desired quartersegment of the 4K display for Analog Output to a monitor (see the discussion on 4K
quadrant mapping at this beginning of this section).
NOTE:
KONA v10.5
KONA 4 offers a 4K Quarter output that is a downconversion to 2K x 1080 for 4K format or
1920 x1080 for UHD
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Video Setup Screen
in 4K Mode
4K Mode also adds the 4K Geometry selection (check box). Like other raster sizes, the
Geometries checkbox needs to be enabled for 4K for the format to be presented and
selectable in applications like AJA Control Room and AJA TV.
Figure 73. Video Setup Adding 4K Geometry Checkbox
Downstream Keyer
Screen in 4K Mode
The Downstream Keyer is not available for use in 4K Mode. If you select the tab, you will
see:
“Keyer does not support 4K video formats”
Firmware Screen for
Standard Firmware
Update
Use the KONA 4/3G Firmware tab to access the firmware changeover screen. The Desired
pulldown menu allows you to select either:
• Standard Mode—for SD, HD, and 2K formats (allows up/down/cross-conversion)
• 4K Mode—for SD, HD, 2K and QuadHD (3840x2160) and 4K (4096x2160) formats
(disables up/down/cross-conversion)
Select Standard Mode and click install to erase 4K firmware and load the Standard Mode.
Note the Installation message shown below.
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Figure 74. Firmware Changeover to 2K
You will be required to power-cycle your computer to finish the changeover.
Figure 75. Update Success Message with Shut Down Button
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Who is Controlling KONA?
There are times when you might have several Quicktime applications open at one time,
and each of these might want to output their video thru the KONA video output. KONA is
very flexible and most applications perform the necessary housekeeping so they work
correctly when they're active and when they're not. This means that the application that
is “active” (in front) will be granted control of the KONA video output. Generally, when
you switch to a different application, the previous application lets go of the video output
and the new application gets control.
Figure 76. AJA Control Panel Control Message
The AJA Control Panel in-use message will tell you the “active” application that has
control of KONA (see in-use message above) and what the format selections are. If you
click on another supported application that is running (such as Adobe Premiere Pro or
AJA TV), the AJA Control Panel in-use message will report the change by displaying the
new “In use” application. If no in-use message is displayed, the AJA Control Panel is in
control of KONA. If no QuickTime applications are running, the board’s state is
determined by the AJA Control Panel application’s settings.
QuickTime Application If a running QuickTime application uses KONA for capture or output, it controls the
Format Selection Primary format via its own menus and settings. For example, when the Third-party
editing application is active (it’s the front-most application) and has KONA as its “A/V
Device”, the KONA's Primary format is determined by the application’s “Video Playback”
settings. These format selections are reported in the AJA Control Panel block diagram.
QuickTime applications can start and stop and change modes—even while they are
running. And the behavior of different QuickTime applications can vary: some
applications take control of the interface as soon as they are launched and don't give it
up until they quit, while other applications take control of the interface only when they
are the “front-most” running application and then relinquish control when they’re not.
Even these QuickTime applications may not relinquish control until capture or output
operations are completed.
Control We recommend you have the Control Panel running and visible at all times. When the
Recommendations Control Panel is running in the background (not front-most) you can see what the
interface is doing and who has control of it.
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Using Multiple AJA Products
Starting with the v7.5 drivers, more than one AJA product can be used with your host
computer. Using the AJA Control Panel application, you can choose which installed
product an application uses for input/output. In the upper left corner of the AJA Control
Panel application, you will see a board name, such as KONA 3G-0 and the pane heading
will read “AJA Control Panel” if you have more than one product and the associated
drivers installed (if only one product is installed, you’ll see no product or pulldown and
the product name will appear in the header). To “target” a specific installed product for
use, click on the text in the upper left hand side of the UI and select from the list of
available products that appear in the pulldown.
Figure 77. Control Panel Screen Showing Multiple AJA Devices
When you launch an application, or AJA TV, the application will use the product that is
currently selected in the AJA Control Panel for its input/output. When an application is
running, you can change the “targeted” product selection using the Control Panel
pulldown menu. The running application will retain its connection to the product. If you
change the “targeted” product and launch a different application, that application will
use the new product for its input/ output, while the first application you launched will
continue to use the other AJA product.
Example: if you select a KONA card as the targeted product in the AJA Control Panel
application and launch an Adobe video editing application, that application is now using
the KONA card for its input/output. Go back to the AJA Control Panel application and
select an Io Express as the “targeted” product. Launch the AJA TV application. AJA TV will
now use the Io Express for its output. If you switch back to the Adobe application, you
will see that it is still using the KONA 3G for its input/output. Note that some applications,
like AJA TV, have a provision for playing in the background, so playback on one product
could even continue when switching the targeted device for use with another
application. In such cases, you can even feed the output from one AJA product to
another AJA product on the same system.
Figure 78. AJA TV Preferences, Continue Playback when AJA TV is in background
AJA TV optionally supports playback in the background; checkbox “Continue Playback
when AJA TV is in background.
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Notes on using
multiple AJA
Products:
Performance of multi-product use depends on a variety of factors: CPU usage, RAM, disk
IOPS/ bandwidth for streams of video, etc. and therefore performance may vary. Also be
aware that multiple input/output streams are only supported by software that is
explicitly designed for a multi-product environment.
Using 8-bit Versus 10-bit Video
While both 8- and 10-bit uncompressed video are capable of providing excellent quality
broadcast video, 10-bit represents a significantly higher quality and is preferable in many
situations.
Because 10-bit video has four times the numerical precision when compared to 8-bit, it
has a signal-to-noise ratio 12 db higher than 8-bit video.
Visually, in 8-bit video compared to 10-bit video, you will notice a substantial difference.
In 8-bit video there will be “contour lines” or “striations” visible, particularly noticeable in
scenes having soft gradients like a ramp or sunset. For example, if a sky region is mostly
the same color but varies by only a few digital numbers from one side of the picture to
another, you may see contour lines where the signal passes from one digital value to the
next higher value.
Since each numerical value in a 10-bit system is only one fourth as large as an 8-bit
system's, these contours become invisible and the sky varies smoothly.
10-bit video is often used when the source and output video (or “master”) is also 10-bit.
Even if the input and/or output video is 8-bit, a 10-bit “project” will still maintain a higher
quality when there is a significant amount of effects rendering involved.
Industry standard professional mastering formats—Sony Digital Betacam for Standard
Definition and Panasonic D5 for High Definition—are both true 10-bit formats.
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Chapter 4: Troubleshooting
If You Run Into Problems
One useful way to find the source of problems is to isolate your system to the smallest
size in which the problem still occurs and then note all the symptoms. This eliminates
areas not involved in the problem and makes finding the problem easier.
Once you’ve noted problem symptoms, look through the following table and see if any of
the symptoms are listed. If so, examine the items a make corrections. If you later need to
call for customer service, let them know all of the things you’ve tried and when and how
the symptoms appeared.
Table 1. Problem Solving by Matching Symptoms to Remedies
Symptom
KONA v10.5
Check
Disk RAID cannot keep up
(dropped frames etc.).
Ensure the disk system is providing at least 50 MB/
second sustained transfer rate
Dropped frames during
playback.
1. Canvas/Viewer zoom setting exceeds the fit-towindow setting. Change to “Fit-to-Window.”
2. RAID cannot sustain the data rate of the clip/
sequence.
3. The sequence setting does not match the
“playback output setting” found at FCP Audio/
Video Settings -> AV Output.
4. Virus checking software running in the
background (disable it).
5. Scratch drive not set to the RAID.
Dropped frames during record.
1. RAID cannot sustain the data rate of the capture
preset codec.
2. Virus checking software running in the
background (disable it).
3. Scratch drive not set to the RAID.
Media is not being captured
from desired external device.
Check the settings in the Input tab of the KONA 3
Control Panel application. Also check equipment
cables.
Dropped frames during
playback
Look for scroll bars in the viewer or canvas as a
warning sign that the zoom setting exceeds the fitt-window.
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Table 1. Problem Solving by Matching Symptoms to Remedies
Symptom
Check
Changes made to Final Cut’s
configuration aren’t
remembered or you need to
force a change to them.
Under some circumstances, Final Cut Pro may need
to be initialized back to the factory default state as
it was when you installed it. The easiest way to do
this is to locate Final Cut’s preference file and
discard it.
To do so, follow this procedure:
1. Locate the file named “Final Cut Pro Preferences”.
Note: path to file is “Macintosh HD/users/
username/library/preferences/final cut user data.”
3. Click and drag that file to the Trash Can icon and
drop it there.
When you next start up Final Cut Pro, it will present
the “Choose Setup” prompt (as in initial
installation) where you can again choose a desired
KONA 3 input format in the “Setup For” pulldown
and re-enter a desired system scratch disk (your
RAID).
Video in the canvas stays
frozen during playback.
1. The sequence setting does not match the
“playback output setting” found at FCP Audio
Video Settings -> AV Output.
2. Canvas/Viewer zoom setting exceeds the fit-towindow setting. Change to “Fit-to-Window.”
Video output is black.
1. External video is set to “No Frames” (View ->
External Video).
2. The “Playback output setting” found at FCP
Audio Video Settings -> AV Output is set to “none”
or to a non-KONA 3 device.
Video stutter during playback.
RAID cannot sustain data rate.
Red render bar occurs when
placing a clip on a sequence.
The sequence setting does not match the clip
setting.
Updating Software
Check on the AJA Video website for software updates.
http://www.aja.com/en/support/software
Select the link for your specific KONA model to find either Mac or Windows software
downloads. If any are available, download the file and read any associated instructions
prior to installing the software.
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Support
When calling for support, first check over your system configuration and ensure
everything is connected properly. Even if you cannot find the cause of the problem,
having this information at hand will help when you call AJA Customer Support for help.
If the problem is unknown or you need general help, first contact the dealer where you
purchased the product. AJA dealers offer product support for many service
requirements.
If the problem is a 3rd-party software operational issue, Mac system issue, then call Apple
Customer Support or the 3rd-party software manufacturer for help.
If the problem is an AJA Video Io XT issue, then contact AJA Video Customer Support, see
“Contacting Support” on page 4.
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Appendix A: Specifications
KONA 4/3G Specifications
Video Formats
• 480i 29.97
• 525i 23.98 (intermediate format only), 29.97
• 625i 25
• 720P 23.98 (intermediate format only)*, 24 *, 25 *, 29.97*, 30 *, 50, 59.94, 60
• 1080i 25, 29.97, 30
• 1080PsF 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30
• 1080p 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 50, 59.94, 60
• 2K
• 2048 x 1080P 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 50 and 60
• 2048 x 1080PsF 23.98, 24
• 2048 x 1556p 15, 14.98
• 2048 x 1556PsF 15, 23.98, 24
• 4K (KONA 3G)
• 3840x2160P 24
• 3840x2160P 23.98, 25
• 4096x2160P 24, 23.98, 25
• 3840x2160PsF 24, 23.98, 25, 24, 23.98, 25
• 4K (KONA 4)
• 3840 x 2160P 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 50, 59.94, 60
• 3840 x 2160PsF 23.98, 24, 25
• 4096 x 2160P 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 50, 59.94, 60
• 4096 x 2160PsF 23.98, 24, 25
* Note: Formats marked with an asterisk are non "over-the-wire" VFR formats and are
software-specific.
Video Input Digital
• 3G/SD/HD SDI, SMPTE-259/292/296/424, 8- or 10-bits
• Single Link 4:2:2 or 4:4:4 (1 x 3G BNC)
• Dual Link HD 4:4:4 (2 x BNC)
• 2K HSDL (High Speed Data Link) 4:4:4, (1 x 3G BNC)
• 4K/QuadHD 4:4:4 (4 x 3G BNC)
• 1D LUT Support (Mac and PC)
Video Output Digital
• 3G/SD/HD SDI, SMPTE-259/292/296/424
• Single Link 4:2:2 or 4:4:4 (1 x 3G BNC)
• Dual Link HD 4:4:4, (2 x BNC)
• 2K HSDL (High Speed Data Link) 4:4:4, (1 x 3G BNC)
• 4K/QuadHD 4:4:4 (4 x 3G BNC)
• HDMI v1.4 (KONA 3G), 30/36 bits/pixel, RGB or YUV, 2.25Gbps, SD, HD, 1080p-50/60
• HDMI v1.4 (KONA 4), with UHD/4K output
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Video Output Analog
• Composite/S-Video (Y/C) (1 x BNC)
• NTSC, NTSCJ, PAL
• 12-bit D/A, 8x oversampling
• +/- .2 dB to 5.0 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .2 dB to 1 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1% Diff Phase
• <1% Diff Gain
• Component (3 x BNC)
• HD: YPbPr, RGB
• SD: YPbPr, RGB (component mode)
• SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam 525 line, Betacam 525J, RGB
• 12-bit D/A, 8x oversampling
• +/- .2 dB to 5.5 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .2 dB to 2.5 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1 ns Y/C delay inequity
Downstream Keyer
Audio Input Digital
Supports graphics with alpha channel over video, matte or framebuffer, or
framebuffer content over incoming video or matte.
• 16-channel, 24-bit SMPTE-259 SDI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 8-channel, 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48kHz or 96 KHz sample rate, Synchronous or Nonsynchronous, Internal sample rate conversion (via 4 x BNC on breakout cable)
• 16-channel, 16- or 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48 or 96kHz sample rate, Synchronous (via 8 x
BNC on optional K3G-Box)
Audio Output Digital
• 16-channel, 24-bit SMPTE-259 SDI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 8-channel, 24-bit HDMI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 8-channel, 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48kHz or 96 KHz sample rate, Synchronous or Nonsynchronous, Internal sample rate conversion (via 4 x BNC on breakout cable)
• 16-channel, 16- or 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48 or 96kHz sample rate, Synchronous (via 8 x
BNC on optional K3G-Box)
Audio Output Analog
Up-Conversion
• 2-channel unbalanced output (via 2 x RCA jacks on optional K3G-Box)
• Hardware 10-bit
• Anamorphic: full-screen
• Pillar box 4:3: results in a 4:3 image in center of screen with black sidebars
• Zoom 14:9: results in a 4:3 image zoomed slightly to fill a 14:9 image with black side
bars
• Zoom Letterbox: results in image zoomed to fill full screen
• Zoom Wide: results in a combination of zoom and horizontal stretch to fill a 16:9 screen;
this setting can introduce a small aspect ratio change
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Down-Conversion
• Hardware 10-bit
• Anamorphic: full-screen
• Letterbox: image is reduced with black top and bottom added to image area with the
aspect ratio preserved
• Crop: image is cropped to fit new screen size
Cross-Conversion
• Hardware 10-bit
• 1080i to 720P
• 720P to 1080i
• 720P to 1080PsF
SD to SD Aspect Ratio
Conversion
• Letterbox: This transforms SD anamorphic material to a letterboxed image
• H Crop: Will produce a horizontally stretched effect on the image; transforms
anamorphic SD to full frame
• SD Pillarbox: Will produce an image in the center of the screen with black borders on
the left and right sides and an anamorphized image in the center
• V Crop: Will transform SD letterbox material to an anamorphic image
Timecode
Reference Input
• LTC timecode input and output (via 1 x BNC each)
• Analog Color Black (1V) or Composite Sync (2 or 4V)
• Looping
• 75-ohm on optional K3G-Box, terminated on supplied breakout cable
Physical
Machine Control
• Interface: 8x PCIe slot
• RS-422, Sony 9-pin protocol (via breakout cable or optional K3G-Box)
• 9-pin D-connector pinout is as follows:
1 - GND
2 - RX3 - TX+
4 - GND
5 - No Connection
6 - GND
7 - RX+
8 - TX9 - GND
Shell - GND
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LHe Plus Specifications
Video Formats
• 525i 29.97
• 625i 25
• 720P 50, 59.94, 60
• 1080i 25, 29.97, 30
• 1080PsF 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30
• 1080p 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30
Video Input Digital
• SD/HD SDI, SMPTE-259/292/296, 8- or 10-bits
• Single Link 4:2:2 (1 x BNC)
Video Input Analog
• Composite/S-Video (Y/C)
• NTSC, NTSCJ, PAL
• 12-bit A/D, 2x oversampling
• 3 line adaptive comb filter decoding
• +/- .25 dB to 5.0 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .25 dB to 1 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1.5% Diff Phase
• <1.5% Diff Gain
• SD Component (3 x BNC)
• SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam 525 line, Betacam 525J, RGB
• 12-bit A/D, 2x oversampling
• +/- .25 dB to 5.5 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .25 dB to 2.5 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <2 ns Y/C delay inequity
Video Output Digital
• SD SDI, SMPTE-259M, 10-bit, (1 x BNC)
• HD SDI, SMPTE-292/296, 10-bit, (1 x BNC)
Video Output Analog
• Composite/S-Video (Y/C) (1 x BNC)
• NTSC, NTSCJ, PAL
• 12-bit D/A, 8x oversampling
• +/- .2 dB to 5.0 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .2 dB to 1 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1% Diff Phase
• <1% Diff Gain
• Component (3 x BNC)
• HD: YPbPr, RGB
• SD: YPbPr, RGB (component mode)
• SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam 525 line, Betacam 525J, RGB
• 12-bit D/A, 8x oversampling
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• +/- .2 dB to 5.5 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .2 dB to 2.5 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1 ns Y/C delay inequity
Audio Input Digital
• 8-channel, 24-bit SMPTE-259 SDI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 2-channel, 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48kHz or 96 KHz sample rate, Synchronous or Nonsynchronous, Internal sample rate conversion (via 1 x XLR on breakout cable or
optional KL-Box)
Audio Input Analog
• 2-channel, 24-bit A/D analog audio, 48kHz sample rate, balanced (via 2 x XLR on
breakout cable or optional KL-Box)
• +24dbu Full Scale Digital
• +/- 0.2db 20 to 20kHz Frequency Response
Audio Output Digital
• 8-channel, 24-bit SMPTE-259 SDI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 2-channel, 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48kHz or 96 KHz sample rate, Synchronous or Nonsynchronous, Internal sample rate conversion (via 1 x XLR on breakout cable or
optional KL-Box)
Audio Output Analog
• 2-channel, 24-bit D/A analog audio, 48kHz sample rate, balanced (via 2 x XLR on
breakout cable or optional KL-Box)
• +24dbu Full Scale Digital (0dbFS)
• +/- 0.2db 20 to 20kHz Frequency Response
• 2-channel unbalanced output (via 2 x RCA jacks on optional KL-Box)
Down-Conversion
• Hardware 10-bit
• Anamorphic: full-screen
• Letterbox: image is reduced with black top and bottom added to image area with the
aspect ratio preserved
• Crop: image is cropped to fit new screen size
Reference Input
• Analog Color Black (1V) or Composite Sync (2 or 4V)
• Looping
• 75 ohm on optional KL-Box, terminated on supplied breakout cable
Hardware Acceleration
Provided
Physical
Machine Control
• DVCProHD hardware acceleration
• HDV hardware acceleration
• Interface: 8x PCIe slot
• RS-422, Sony 9-pin protocol (via DB-25 breakout cable or optional KLHi-Box)
• 9-pin D-connector pinout is as follows:
1 - GND
2 - RX3 - TX+
4 - GND
5 - No Connection
6 - GND
7 - RX+
8 - TX9 - GND
Shell - GND
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KONA LHi Specifications
Video Formats
• 525i 29.97
• 625i 25
• 720P 50, 59.94, 60
• 1080i 25, 29.97, 30
• 1080PsF 23.98, 24
• 1080p 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 50, 59.94, 60
• 2K
• 2048 x 1080P 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30
• 2048 x 1080PsF 23.98, 24
Video Input Digital
• 3G/SD/HD SDI, SMPTE-259/292/296/424, 8- or 10-bits
• Single Link 4:2:2 or 4:4:4 (1 x 3G BNC)
• HDMI v1.3 30 bits/pixel, RGB or YUV, 2.25 Gbps, SD, HD, 1080p-50/60
Video Input Analog
• Composite/S-Video (Y/C)
• NTSC, NTSCJ, PAL
• 12-bit A/D, 2x oversampling
• 3 line adaptive comb filter decoding
• +/- .25 dB to 5.0 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .25 dB to 1 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1.5% Diff Phase
• <1.5% Diff Gain
• SD Component (3 x BNC)
• SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam 525 line, Betacam 525J
• 12-bit A/D, 2x oversampling
• +/- .25 dB to 5.5 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .25 dB to 2.5 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <2 ns Y/C delay inequity
Video Output Digital
• 3G/SD/HD SDI, SMPTE-259/292/296/424
• Single Link 4:2:2 or 4:4:4 (1 x 3G BNC)
• HDMI v1.3 30 bits/pixel, RGB or YUV, 2.25 Gbps, SD, HD, 1080p-50/60
Video Output Analog
• Composite/S-Video (Y/C) (1 x BNC)
• NTSC, NTSCJ, PAL
• 12-bit D/A, 8x oversampling
• +/- .2 dB to 5.0 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .2 dB to 1 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1% Diff Phase
• <1% Diff Gain
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• Component (3 x BNC)
• HD: YPbPr, RGB
• SD: YPbPr, RGB (component mode)
• SMPTE/EBU N10, Betacam 525 line, Betacam 525J, RGB
• 12-bit D/A, 8x oversampling
• +/- .2 dB to 5.5 MHz Y Frequency Response
• +/- .2 dB to 2.5 MHz C Frequency Response
• .5% 2T pulse response
• <1 ns Y/C delay inequity
Audio Input Digital
• 8-channel, 24-bit SMPTE-259 SDI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 8-channel, 24-bit HDMI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 2-channel, 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48kHz or 96 KHz sample rate, Synchronous or Nonsynchronous, Internal sample rate conversion (via 1 x XLR on DB-25 breakout cable or
optional KLHi-Box)
Audio Input Analog
• 2-channel, 24-bit A/D analog audio, 48kHz sample rate, balanced (via 2 x XLR on DB-25
breakout cable or optional KLHi-Box)
• +24dbu Full Scale Digital
• +/- 0.2db 20 to 20kHz Frequency Response
Audio Output Digital
• 8-channel, 24-bit SMPTE-259 SDI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 8-channel, 24-bit HDMI embedded audio, 48kHz sample rate, Synchronous
• 2-channel, 24-bit AES/EBU audio, 48kHz or 96 KHz sample rate, Synchronous or Nonsynchronous, Internal sample rate conversion (via 1 x XLR on DB-25 breakout cable or
optional KLHi-Box)
Audio Output Analog
• 2-channel, 24-bit D/A analog audio, 48kHz sample rate, balanced (via 2 x XLR on DB-25
breakout cable or optional KLHi-Box)
• +24dbu Full Scale Digital (0dbFS)
• +/- 0.2db 20 to 20kHz Frequency Response
• 2-channel unbalanced output (via 2 x RCA jacks on optional KLHi-Box)
Up-Conversion
• Hardware 10-bit
• Anamorphic: full-screen
• Pillar box 4:3: results in a 4:3 image in center of screen with black sidebars
• Zoom 14:9: results in a 4:3 image zoomed slightly to fill a 14:9 image with black side
bars
• Zoom Letterbox: results in image zoomed to fill full screen
• Zoom Wide: results in a combination of zoom and horizontal stretch to fill a 16:9 screen;
this setting can introduce a small aspect ratio change
Down-Conversion
• Hardware 10-bit
• Anamorphic: full-screen
• Letterbox: image is reduced with black top and bottom added to image area with the
aspect ratio preserved
• Crop: image is cropped to fit new screen size
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Cross-Conversion
• Hardware 10-bit
• 1080i to 720P
• 720P to 1080i
• 720P to 1080PsF
SD to SD Aspect Ratio
Conversion
• Letterbox: This transforms SD anamorphic material to a letterboxed image.
• H Crop: Will produce a horizontally stretched effect on the image; transforms
anamorphic SD to full frame
• SD Pillarbox: Will produce an image in the center of the screen with black borders on
the left and right sides and an anamorphized image in the center
• V Crop: Will transform SD letterbox material to an anamorphic image.
Reference Input
• Analog Color Black (1V) or Composite Sync (2 or 4V)
• Looping
• 75 ohm on optional KLHi-Box, terminated on supplied breakout cable
Hardware Acceleration
Provided
• DVCProHD hardware acceleration
• HDV hardware acceleration
• Dynamic RT Extreme hardware acceleration
Physical
Machine Control
Interface: 8x PCIe slot
• RS-422, Sony 9-pin protocol (via DB-25 breakout cable or optional KLHi-Box)
• 9-pin D-connector pinout is as follows:
1 - GND
2 - RX3 - TX+
4 - GND
5 - No Connection
6 - GND
7 - RX+
8 - TX9 - GND
Shell - GND
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Warranty and Liability Information
Limited Warranty
AJA Video Systems, Inc. (AJA Video) warrants that the product, not including hard-disk
based Storage Modules (HDD), will be free from defects in materials and workmanship
for a period of three years from the date of purchase. AJA Video warrants that the harddisk based Storage Modules (HDD), will be free from defects in materials and
workmanship for a period of one year from the date of purchase. If a product proves to
be defective during this warranty period, AJA Video, at its option, will either repair the
defective product without charge for parts and labor, or will provide a replacement in
exchange for the defective product.
To obtain service under this warranty, the Customer must notify AJA Video of the defect
before expiration of the warranty period and make suitable arrangements for the
performance of service by contacting AJA Video support through the channels set forth
on the support contacts web page at http://www.aja.com/support/index.php. Except as
stated, the Customer shall bear all shipping, packing, insurance and other costs,
excluding parts and labor, to effectuate repair. Customer shall pack and ship the
defective product to a service center designated by AJA Video, with shipping charges
prepaid. AJA Video shall pay to return the product to Customer but only if to a location
within the country in which the AJA Video service center is located.
This warranty shall not apply to any defect, failure or damage caused by negligent,
inadequate or improper use, handling or maintenance. Without limiting the foregoing,
AJA Video shall not be obligated to furnish service under this warranty or repair any
damage or malfunction a) resulting from attempts by personnel other than AJA Video
representatives to install, repair or service the product, b) resulting from improper use or
connection to incompatible equipment, c) caused by the use of non-AJA Video parts or
supplies, d) if the product has been modified or integrated with other products when the
effect of such a modification or integration increases the time or difficulty of servicing
the product, or (e) resulting from being dropped or otherwise subjected to undue force,
exposure to moisture or other corrosive or conductive substances, exposure to strong
magnetic fields, use with improperly regulated power supplies, exposure to electric
shock, use in temperatures outside the specified operating range, or otherwise failing to
treat the product in accordance with the standard of care appropriate to sensitive and
delicate electronic equipment.
EXCEPT AS STATED ABOVE, AJA VIDEO AND ITS VENDORS DISCLAIM IN THEIR ENTIRETY
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ALL
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. AJA
VIDEO'S RESPONSIBILITY TO REPAIR OR REPLACE TIMELY REPORTED DEFECTIVE
PRODUCTS IS THE WHOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY CUSTOMER IS PROVIDED.
THE PRODUCT IS NOT INTENDED, STATED, OR WARRANTED TO OPERATE
UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. YOU UNDERSTAND AND ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THE
PRODUCT IS NOT INTENDED TO BE USED AS THE SOLE OR PRIMARY DATA SOURCE OR
TARGET FOR CRITICAL DATA, AND THAT IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO IMPLEMENT
REDUNDANT CAPTURE AND BACKUP SYSTEMS AS APPROPRIATE.
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Limitation of Liability
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL AJA VIDEO BE LIABLE IN ANY WAY FOR ANY LOST,
CORRUPTED OR DESTROYED DATA, FOOTAGE OR WORK, OR FOR ANY OTHER INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR FOR ANY THIRD PARTY CLAIM,
IN CONNECTION WITH THE PRODUCT, WHETHER RESULTING FROM DEFECTS IN THE
PRODUCT, SOFTWARE OR HARDWARE FAILURE, OR ANY OTHER CAUSE WHATSOEVER,
EVEN IF AJA VIDEO HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBLITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. AJA
VIDEO's LIABILITY IN CONNECTION WITH THIS PRODUCT SHALL UNDER NO
CIRCUMSTANCES EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE PAID FOR THE PRODUCT.
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Index
Numerics
C
10-bit video 81
24 frames-per-second to 30 conversion 61
3D output 57
3G
SDI connections 25
4K Analog Output 76
4K Mode 8
64-bit workstations 36
75-ohm terminator 27, 29
8-bit Versus 10-bit Video 81
9-pin DE9 25, 28, 30
cable, LHe/LHi 20
cables, KONA 3G 18
card control 47
card installation, Windows PC 23
card placement 17
card slots 23
CineForm Codec 57
color matte 63
Color Meanings, Control Panel 48
color selection dialog 64
color-codes 48
Colorspace choices 62
composite 58
composite output 59
connectors 11
DE-9 15
RCA-style 15
XLR 15
Control Panel, configuration screens 48
Control Screen 63
Control Screen Settings 49
controlling application 47
Conversion Icons, Control Panel 47
conversion, YUV-RGB 62
Crop 52
cross-conversion 52
Custom installation 38
Custom LUTs 62
customer service 82
A
AES/EBU audio 15
AES/EBU output 25, 28
AJA Retail Software 36
AJA Utilities 42
alpha channel 64
alpha channel, Video + Key 56
analog audio 60
analog audio output 59
analog component 59
analog component output 58
analog composite 59
Analog Format 58, 59, 61
analog monitor out 16
Analog Out Screen 58
Analog Out Screen Settings 58, 59
Anamorphic 52
anamorphic SD to full frame SD 53
aspect ratio conversion 52
Audio Out 64
available disk space 39
D
damaged items 20
DataRate Calculator 18
DE-9 connector 15
Default Kona Output 49
Default output 50
Disk Usage 39
Down (Conversion) 52
down-conversion 52
downstream keyer 8, 63
DS Keyer 63
Dual Link HD-SDI 7
B
balanced audio 15
Black 50
black borders 53
Black Level 59, 61
black Level pulldown menu 59
Block Diagram Screen 46
Blue 48
borders, black 53
breakout box 13
K3-Box 14
KL-Box 13
KLHi-Box 13
breakout cable 25
KONA v10.5
E
expansion slot 17
chassis 21
F
file formats 6
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firmware update 42
Foreground pre-multiplied (checkbox) 64
Format Screen Settings 51
Frame Buffer over Matte 63
Frame Buffer over Video In 63
Framebuffer 47
Freerun 50
full 10-bit conversion 8
Full Frame 61
full-screen 52
L
G
M
Gamma 62
Gatekeeper 31
Getting Help 83
Graphic File 64
graphic file, test pattern output 50
Graphic over Frame Buffer 64
Graphic over Matte 63
Graphic over Video In 64
Mac OS driver installation 31
Mac Pro cardcage 22
Mac security setting 31
machine control 15, 25, 28, 30
Matte 63
Matte Color 64
menus, context-sensitive 46
Monitor Audio 59
monitor out 16
monitoring, analog outputs 58
Mountain Lion 31
Letterbox 52
letterbox 52
LHe Plus System 27
LHe/LHi Breakout Cable 20
LHi Audio 10
LHi Ref Loop 29
Linear 62
Load File 64
Log On Authenticate Prompt 32
H
H Crop 53
hardware keyer 8
hardware/software conflicts 31
hardware-based conversion 10
HDMI 4K screen 75
HDMI audio output 57
HDMI connectors 14
HDMI output 56
HDMI, LHi 29
Hold Last Application 50
Horizontal reference 50
horizontally stretched 53
N
new firmware initialization 43
O
offset, video adjustment (timing) 50
Opacity 64
output video black 50
Overview 5
P
pattern, test 50
PCI busses 23
PCI-Express slots 21
Pillar box 52
Pillarbox 53
Primary 55
Primary format 51
Primary Format, Frame Buffer 47
problem symptoms 82
Problems, what to do 82
problems, what to do if you encounter 82
progressive frame 52
progressive segmented frame 52
psf 52
I
icons 46
Icons, Control Panel 47
Info Screen 70
Input Pass through 50
Input Screen 54
Input/Output 47
interconnection 24
IRE 59
K
keyed video 63
KONA 3G cables 18
KONA 3G System 26
KONA firmware update 42
KONA for PC driver package 36
KONA LHi and LHe Plus cable 20
KONA LHi SDI 30
KONA v10.5
R
RAID controller 23
RCA-style unbalanced stereo 30
Rec 601 62
Rec 709 62
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Timing adjustment, Control Panel 50
transforming 52
troubleshooting 82
Red 48
Ref Loop connector 25, 27
Reference Input 50
reference video 16
re-install Windows drivers 41
replacement 20
RGB range 52
RP 188 definition 67
RP-188 Timecode 66
RS-422 15
U
unbalanced audio 15
un-install software 17
up-conversion 52
Updating Software 83
user and password 32
User Bits, RP-188 66
utilities 18
S
SD letterbox material to an anamorphic image 53
SD to SD aspect ratio conversion 53
SDI connections 25
SDI connections, LHe Plus 28
SDI connectors 14
Secondary 55
Secondary format 51
select audio 64
shipment contents 18
Shut Down 43
sidebars 52
Single Field 61
SMPTE RP 188 67
software conversion 61
software files that have been installed 70
software updates 83
software, 3rd-party 44
specifications
KONA 4/3G 85
LHe Plus 88
LHi 90
storage methods 6
Support 84
support 84
Symptoms and remedies 82
Symptoms, problem 82
system configuration, Control Panel 44
system connections
3G 24
LHe Plus 27
LHi 29
System Connections, LHi 30
System Test 18
V
V Crop 53
Vertical reference 50
Video 85
Video Format 51
video input source 50
video path 47
Video+Key 56
W
Windows 36
Windows installation wizard 36
Windows PC driver installation 36
Windows PC installation 23
X
XLR connector 15
XLR connectors 30
Y
Y/C output 58
Yellow 48
YUV-RGB Conversion 62
Z
Zoom 14
9 52
Zoom Letterbox 52
Zoom Wide 52
T
Test Pattern 50
third-party software 31
Timecode Offset 67
Timecode Screen 59, 66
Timecode Screen Settings 66
timing adjustment 50
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