Sample Cooler IOM 4.1.3

Sample Cooler IOM 4.1.3
Original Instructions
Installation, Operation
& Maintenance Manual
Sample Coolers
SPD 4.1.3 Rev 6
12/14
SENTRY EQUIPMENT CORP
966 Blue Ribbon Circle North • Oconomowoc, WI 53066 USA
Tel 262.567.7256 • Fax 262.567.4523
www.sentry-equip.com
Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
Table of Contents
1. General Description���������������������������������������������������1
2.Installation����������������������������������������������������������������1
3.Operation�������������������������������������������������������������������3
4.Maintenance��������������������������������������������������������������4
5. Spare Parts List����������������������������������������������������������5
6. Standard Warranty ����������������������������������������������������6
7. Factory Assistance�����������������������������������������������������8
Do not install, maintain, or operate this equipment without reading, understanding and following the proper Sentry Equipment Corp instructions.
Otherwise, injury or damage or both may result.
Copyright
© 2010 by Sentry Equipment Corp. All rights reserved.
This document contains proprietary information. No part of this document may be
photocopied or reproduced without the prior written consent of Sentry Equipment Corp.
Limit of Liability
Sentry Equipment Corp, its employees, agents, and the authors and contributors to this
document specifically disclaim all liabilities and warranties, express or implied (including
warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose), for the accuracy,
currency, completeness, and/or reliability of the information contained herein and/or
for the fitness for any particular use and/or for the performance of any material and/
or equipment selected in whole or part with the user of/or in reliance upon information
contained herein. Selection of materials and/or equipment is at the sole risk of the user of
this publication.
Note
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice.
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
Safety Information
Please read the entire manual before attempting to unpack, set up or
operate this product. Pay careful attention to all Warnings, Cautions,
and Notes. Failure to do so could result in serious personal injury and/or
equipment damage.
Use of Hazard Information
If multiple hazards exist, the signal word corresponding to the greatest
hazard shall be used.
Definitions
DANGER indicates a hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
Indique une situation imminente et
dangeureuse qui doit être évité immédiatement
afin d’éviter tout risque de blessures sérieuses et
qui pourrait même entraîner la mort.
WARNING indicates a hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
AVERTISSEMENT: Indique une situation
potentiellement dangeureuse et qui doit être
évité immédiatement afin d’éviter tout resquie
de blessures sérieuses et qui pourrait même
entraîner la mort.
CAUTION, used with the safety alert symbol,
indicates a hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in minor or moderate
injury.
PRÉCAUTION: Indique une situation
potentiellement dangeureuse et qui doit être
évité immédiatement afin d’éviter tout risque de
blessures mineures.
NOTICE is used to address practices not
related to personal injury.
NOTE: Information that requires special emphasis.
SHALL: This word is understood to be mandatory.
SHOULD: This word is understood to be advisory.
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
General Safety Precautions
Selection, Installation, and Use
Improper selection, installation, or use can cause
personal injury or property damage. It is solely the
responsibility of the user, through its own analysis
and testing, to select products suitable for their
specific application requirements, ensure they are
properly maintained, and limit their use to their
intended purpose.
Follow proper local, state and federal regulations for
proper installation and operational requirements.
Always use caution and common sense when
working with any chemical. Read the product label
and MSDS carefully and follow the instructions
exactly.
Potential Equipment Hazards
Hot surfaces! This equipment may have very hot
surfaces. If an operator contacts a hot surface, injury
may occur. Use protective clothing to prevent injury.
If other equipment comes in contact with a hot
surface, damage to the equipment may occur. Ensure
the area around this equipment is kept clear to
prevent damage from occurring.
High pressures! This equipment may contain fluids
at very high pressures. Prior to installing, removing
or maintaining this equipment, ensure that the
equipment is isolated from all connecting piping, the
equipment is depressurized, the contents have been
drained, and the equipment is cool.
Freezing Temperatures! This equipment may have
very cold surfaces. If an operator contacts a cold
surface, injury may occur. Use protective clothing to
prevent injury. If other equipment comes in contact
with a cold surface, damage to the equipment may
occur. Ensure the area around this equipment is kept
clear to prevent this damage from occurring.
Freezing of fluids in either tube can lead to rupture of
the tubes(s) wall and coil failures. Take precautions
to avoid freezing, such as draining the equipment
when out of service or locating the equipment in an
environment protected from temperatures below the
freeze point of the fluids used.
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
1. General Description
A sample cooler is a small shell and coil heat exchanger. The sample to be cooled (or
heated) flows through the tube side of the cooler. The cooling fluid, usually water, flows
through the shell side of the cooler. A sample cooler is used to cool a sample from a
process stream. Because the process stream is usually hot water or steam, sample coolers
are used to cool the sample.
When high accuracy is desired, the sample must be cooled to exactly 77°F. The cooled
sample is then taken to a laboratory for analysis or, in some cases, piped to in-line process
Instrumentation.
ÂÂ NOTE
Sentry Sample Coolers are exempt from CE marking per Pressure
Equipment Directive 97/23/EC. The vessels are below or equal to
the limits set forth in Article 3, Sections1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and section 2 as
applicable, and are designed and manufactured in accordance with
sound engineering practice. Specifically, the vessels meet the general
requirements of the ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Boiler And Pressure
Vessel Code. The nameplate will bear the name of Sentry Equipment
Corp. and safety instructions will be included per Article 3, Section 3.
2. Installation
To ensure the safety of the operator and the performance of this
equipment is not impaired, this equipment must not be installed or used
in any manner other than that which is specified in this manual.
Prior to installing, removing or maintaining this equipment, ensure that
the equipment is isolated from all connecting piping, the equipment is depressurized, the contents have been drained and the equipment is cool.
If cooling water valves are installed, a relief valve or 3-way valve
must be provided (ref. Paragraph 5 below). Damage to the
equipment may occur if a relief valve or 3-way valve is omitted.
1.
Support the cooler by its bracket(s) (included with the cooler) using included nuts or
by water lines only. Care should be taken to avoid any additional loading on either
the tubes or the cooling water piping.
2.
The cooling water should be softened and free of chlorides. Any hardness in the
cooling water will result in scale build-up on the coil and a loss of heat transfer
capacity. Chlorides can cause pitting or stress corrosion in stainless steel. If no
source of acceptable cooling water is available, consult Sentry for a recommendation.
3.
Provide a globe (not gate) valve in the cooling water outlet line for throttling
purposes. Valve size must be the same as the cooling water outlet connection.
4.
If isolation of the cooler is desired, provide a gate or ball valve (not globe) in the
cooling water inlet line. Valve size must be the same as the cooling water inlet
connection.
SPD 4.1.3 Rev 6
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
5.
Install a relief valve in the cooling water line between the cooler and the outlet or the
inlet valve. This protects against excessive shell side pressure in the event of (a) a leak
in the high pressure tubing, or (b) an operator turning on the hot sample flow with
both cooling water isolation valves closed, thus boiling the coolant and pressurizing
the shell. As an option, a 3-way valve can be used on the inlet.
It should be oriented so that the shell is open to drain when
the cooling water is shut off.
6.
A 90° bend or expansion loop must be provided in the hot
sample line to the cooler. This allows the tubing to expand
and contract with temperature changes without inducing
stress at the point where the tube is welded to the cooler
head.
7.
Mount the cooler either vertically or horizontally (preferably
vertical on high temperature lines).
8.
Installation of a sample flow control valve in the sample
line after the cooler is recommended. The valve should be a
multi-turn type to allow for more precise flow control. The
valve should be specified in accordance with the operating
pressure and temperature of the sample.
9.
Installation of a sample flow isolation valve in the sample
line prior to the cooler is recommended. The valve should
be specified in accordance with the operating pressure and
temperature of the sample.
Table 1: Standard Sample Cooler Connections
Cooling Water Connections
Cooler Series
Sample
Connections
Inlet
Outlet
TRB
1/4˝ OD Tube
3/8˝ FNPT
3/8˝ FNPT
TSR/TLR
1/4˝ OD Tube
3/4˝ FNPT
1/2˝ FNPT
FSR/FLR
3/8˝ OD Tube
3/4˝ FNPT
3/4˝ FNPT
FXR
3/8˝ OD Tube
3/4˝ FNPT
3/4˝ FNPT
WSW
1/2˝ OD Tube
1˝ FNPT
1˝ FNPT
Contact Sentry for connection information for non-standard coolers.
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3. Operation
Start-up and Operation
1.
Fully open all cooling water valves before introducing sample to the cooler. Verify
that minimum required cooling water flow is occurring. If cooling water is untreated,
its temperature rise should not exceed 30°F (17°C) in order to minimize scaling. Be
sure that the outlet temperature does not exceed 140°F (60°C).
2.
When necessary, throttle cooling water flow by partially closing the globe valve on
the cooling water outlet line. Any valve on the cooling water inlet line must always be
fully open during operation.
Cooling water containing carbonates, rust, silt, organic matter or other
contaminants can cause fouling, scaling and/or plugging and eventual failure
of equipment.
Cavitation
Cavitation can cause damage and failure of equipment.
Cavitation results when localized boiling occurs on the surface of a coil. Vapor bubbles
form on the coil surface and are swept into the main stream of the fluid where they
immediately condense and collapse. Collapsing bubbles generate severe shock waves (i.e.,
vibrations) which can fatigue and ultimately fracture the tube(s).
Cavitation can be avoided by considering the following:
1.
Cavitation is caused by:
a. Coolant flow rate is too low; fluid overheats to its boiling point.
b. Sample flow rate is too high; coolant overheats to its boiling point.
c. Coolant operating pressure is too low; fluid boils at a low temperature.
2.
Cavitation can be prevented by:
a. Adjusting coolant and sample flow rates.
b. Increasing coolant pressure as high as possible — 50 psig (3 barg) minimum
recommended for water.
3.
If you hear vibration or rattling noises from the equipment, take corrective action
immediately:
a. Coolant inlet valve is fully open.
b. Coolant flow is per design condition.
c. Coolant pressure is as high as possible.
d. Reduce sample flow rate.
e. Excessive coolant flow rate can cause vibration of the coil due the effects of
vortex shedding, leading to coil failure. Reduce coolant flow rate to design
condition. Coolant outlet temperature should not exceed 140°F. Reduce sample
flow rate as necessary to achieve coolant flow and temperature limitations.
f. Coolant flow rate is throttled using the outlet valve only, not the inlet. This
ensures that the coolant is at the higher pressure.
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
Chloride Pitting Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking
Incompatible fluid chemistry can cause corrosion and/or erosion and eventual
failure of the equipment. Corrosion and failure can also occur when the
equipment is installed in an environment incompatible with the materials
of the equipment. It is the responsibility of the Purchaser or the Purchaser’s
Agent to ensure the materials of construction of the equipment are suitable
for the fluid chemistry and environment where the equipment is to be used.
A source of corrosion to be considered in stainless steels is chloride pitting or stress
corrosion cracking. This mode of failure in stainless steel is a complex phenomenon
because it is proportional to the concentration of chlorides, the sample temperature,
dissolved oxygen concentration in the cooling water and, under some circumstances, the
concentration of sulfates in the cooling water. Due to the unpredictable nature of failure,
Sentry recommends the use of Inconel® (Alloy 625) sample tubing for the process tubing
any time chlorides are present in the cooling water.
ÂÂ NOTE
If chloride concentrations in the cooling water exceed 250 PPM, Sentry
also recommends using Inconel® (Alloy 625) for the shell material.
4. Maintenance
Disassembly and Reassembly
1.
For heavily scaled coolers, disassembly is made easier by first dissolving the scale.
Remove scale by circulating an inhibited sulfamic acid cleaning solution through the
cooling water side.
2.
Replace used gaskets with new ones. After reassembly, pressurize shell and visually
inspect for water leaks. Replace gaskets showing visible leaks. Keep spare shell
gaskets on hand for this need.
3.
During reassembly, tighten the bolts only enough so that shell side leaking does not
occur. T Series coolers require approximately 35 ft-lbs torque. F Series coolers require
approximately 45 ft-lbs torque. Over-tightening can cause gasket failure.
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
5. Spare Parts List
Cooler Model
Qty Req’d Gasket P/N**
Bracket P/N*
FR Series Coolers
(FLR,FSR,FXR)
1
2-03800E
2-00165G
TR Series Coolers
(TLR, TSR)
1
2-03800F
2-04297C
2-00602B
Coolers with serial #’s 06700016A0279
and up use p/n 2-04297A.
Serial #’s 06700016A0278 and down
use p/n 2-04297B
2-00602B
Coolers with serial #’s 06700016B0031
and up use p/n 2-04297A.
Serial #’s 06700016B0030 and down
use p/n 2-04297B
TRB Coolers
TEB Coolers
TF, FF, TB, FB
Series Coolers
2
2
Contact Sentry Equipment Corp
Parts and Service Dept. for current options.
* Bracket quantity varies upon cooler set-up.
**Gaskets are non-asbestos material.
SPD 4.1.3 Rev 6
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
6.
Standard Warranty
Sentry Equipment Corp (“Seller”) warrants products manufactured by it and supplied hereunder
(“Products”) to be free from defects in workmanship and, to the extent materials are selected by
Seller, to be free from defects in materials, in each case for a period as defined in the table below:
Brand
Sentry®
Waters Equipment™
Product Line
Warranty Period
Steam & Water Sampling Products
and Systems
Bulk Solids & Powder Sampling
Products and Systems
Gas Sampling Products and Systems
Liquid and Slurry Sampling
Products and Systems
Pipeline Integrity Products
Eighteen months from date of
shipment or twelve months from
startup (whichever occurs first)
Odorant Injection Products
Three years from date of shipment
Odorant Injection Bellows Pump
Module
Ten years from date of shipment
Steam & Water Sampling Products
and Systems
Twelve months from date of
shipment
If within such period the original purchaser (“Customer”) proves, to Seller’s satisfaction, that any
such Products are defective, such Products shall be repaired or replaced at Seller’s option. Seller’s
sole obligation and Customer’s exclusive remedy hereunder shall be such repair and replacement
and shall be conditioned upon Seller’s receiving written notice of any alleged defect within 10 days
after its discovery and, at Seller’s option, return of such Product to Seller, FOB Sentry Equipment
Corp or provision of evidence (e.g., photographs) of such defect satisfactory to Seller.
Warranty Conditions & Limitations
This Warranty shall not apply to any Product which, in the opinion of Sentry Equipment Corp,
has been (a) altered or repaired in a manner affecting the efficiency or performance of the unit, or
(b) incorrectly installed or operated, or (c) damaged in shipment, or (d) damaged by flood or fire,
or (e) if the serial number is missing, altered or defaced.
Any materials required to be used by Seller as provided in Customer specifications or instructions
are excluded from the foregoing warranty and Customer assumes sole responsibility for
the selection of such materials. Customer further acknowledges and agrees that any Seller
recommendations with respect to materials to be used in connection with Products will be based
on published reference literature, that any to third-party studies to which Seller refers may not
correlate directly with the Customer’s intended usage or process (i.e., chemical composition,
concentrations, temperatures, etc.), and that Customer is solely responsible for the final
determination with respect to which materials are to be used in connection with the Products.
EXCEPT FOR THE LIMITED WARRANTIES SET FORTH HEREIN, SELLER HEREBY
DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES AND REPRESENTATIONS (EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, ORAL OR WRITTEN), INCLUDING ANY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PURPOSE WHETHER OR NOT SELLER
KNOWS, OR HAS REASON TO KNOW, HAS BEEN ADVISED, OR IS OTHERWISE IN
FACT AWARE OF ANY SUCH PURPOSE, WHETHER ALLEGED TO ARISE BY LAW, BY
REASON OF CUSTOM OR USAGE IN THE TRADE, OR BY COURSE OF DEALING OR
PERFORMANCE.
Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Seller makes no warranty regarding the ability
of Products to withstand erosion or corrosion, or regarding material compatibility of elastomers
in specific services, and no warranty made hereunder shall apply to Products which have been
subjected to adverse storage.
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Customer shall be responsible for maintenance of Products following delivery. Wear or damage
caused by lack of normal maintenance or by misuse of Products shall not be considered as
defective workmanship or material.
Sentry Equipment Corp, and its subsidiaries, reserves the right to make product design changes
or improvements without notice and without imposing any obligation upon itself to install these
changes or improvements on its products previously manufactured.
This warranty is for the sole benefit of the original purchaser and is not transferable unless agreed
to in writing by Sentry Equipment Corp.
Receiving Shipments (including loss or damage by transportation)
It is the Customer’s responsibility to check for missing cartons and sign of damage to cartons. If
found, Customer should note missing and/or damaged cartons on the delivery receipt and have
delivery receipt signed by the representative of the transportation company. If unpacking discloses
concealed damage from rough handling, the Customer should request a concealed damage
inspection from the transportation company.
The Sentry Customer Service Department will aid your organization in any claim proceeding for
shortages or damages in shipment, but it is the Customer’s responsibility to file claim with the
carrier for damage or loss.
Liability Limitation
IN NO EVENT, WHETHER FOR BREACH OF WARRANTY OR OTHER CONTRACT
BREACH, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORT, OR ON ANY STRICT LIABILITY THEORY,
SHALL SENTRY EQUIPMENT CORP, ITS SUBSIDIARIES OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR
ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING BUT
NOT LIMITED TO DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS
OF INFORMATION, OR OTHER PECUNIARY LOSS) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF, OR
INABILITY TO USE, THE PRODUCTS, EVEN IF SENTRY EQUIPMENT CORP OR ANY OF
ITS SUBSIDIARIES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Customer Actions for Claims on Products during the Warranty Period
1. Contact the Customer Service Department, Sentry Equipment Corp, Oconomowoc, WI,
Telephone: 262 567-7256, to obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number.
2. You will be sent an “RMA” and a “Decontamination Statement” that is required to be filled
out and returned with the equipment.
3. The following information must appear on the outside of the package:
a. RMA number marked on outside of box.
b. Decontamination Statement filled out and attached to outside of box.
4. Return defective equipment FREIGHT PREPAID. Collect shipments will be refused.
5. Seller will not process warranty claims until the Customer has properly accomplished the
above items.
6. Sentry Equipment Corp may accept the entire claim, a part of the claim or none of the
claim if Seller’s inspection of returned parts proves that the failure was for reasons other
than defective material or workmanship.
Important Notes:
1. Sentry Equipment Corp will not be responsible for damage incurred during the return shipment.
2. All returns subject to inspection and a minimum $100.00 evaluation fee for any products found
not to be covered by this warranty.
3. An RMA is not authorization for credit. Repair and/or replacements will be issued upon
evaluation of returned goods.
4. RMA is valid for thirty (30) days from issue date.
SPD 4.1.3 Rev 6
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Sentry Equipment Corp | Sample Coolers
7. Factory Assistance
Sentry Equipment Corp engineers, manufactures and services equipment for
sampling, monitoring, injection and analysis for worldwide customers in utility and
process industries. Our equipment enables analytical and operational professionals
to get safe, accurate and repeatable results. Recognized as a technology leader,
Sentry Equipment Corp has been relied on by operational and analytical
professionals for 90 years, and we pride ourselves in offering exceptional technical
support.
Please do not return any equipment before discussing your application problem
with a Sentry representative and obtaining a Return Authorization.
Sentry Equipment Corp has a complete staff of trained Service Department
associates to assist customers with any problems. Please call Sentry at 262.567.7256
(Fax: 262.567.4523) to request a service representative.
Your Sentry representative is eager to help you. Please feel free to call your
representative or contact Sentry Equipment Corp to discuss your application.
Sentry Equipment Corp
966 Blue Ribbon Circle N
Oconomowoc, WI 53066
Phone: 262.567.7256
Fax:
262.567.4523
E-mail: [email protected]
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SPD 4.1.3 Rev 6
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