APRILIA | RST FUTURA - 2001 | Technical data | APRILIA RST FUTURA - 2001 Technical data

RST mille Futura
use+maintenancebook
aprilia part# 8104163
© 2000 aprilia s.p.a. - Noale (VE)
3!&%49 7!2.).'3
The following precautionary warnings are
used throughout this manual in order to
convey the following messages:
warning. When you find this
aSafety
symbol on the vehicle or in the
manual, be careful to the potential risk
of personal injury. Non-compliance
with the indications given in the messages preceded by this symbol may result in grave risks for your and other
people’s safety and for the vehicle!
First edition: january 2001
Reprint:
aWARNING
Indicates a potential hazard which may
result in serious injury or even death.
aCAUTION
Produced and printed by:
editing division
Soave (VERONA) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 045 76 11 911
Fax +39 - 045 76 12 241
E-mail: customer@stp.it
www.stp.it
On behalf of:
aprilia s.p.a.
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 041 58 29 111
Fax +39 - 041 44 10 54
www.aprilia.com
2
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
Indicates a potential hazard which may
result in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
NOTE The word “NOTE” in this manual
precedes important information or instructions.
4%#(.)#!, ).&/2-!4)/.
★
The operations preceded by this
symbol must be repeated also on
the opposite side of the vehicle.
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the
reassembly of the units repeat the disassembly operations in reverse order.
The terms “right” and “left” are referred to
the rider seated on the vehicle in the normal riding position.
7!2.).'3 02%#!54)/.3 '%.%2!, !$6)#%
Before starting the engine, carefully read
this manual and in particular the section
“SAFE DRIVE”.
Your and other people’s safety depends
not only on your quickness of reflexes and
on your agility, but also on what you know
about the vehicle, on its efficiency and on
your knowledge of the basic information for
“SAFE DRIVE”. Therefore, get a thorough
knowledge of the vehicle, in such a way as
to be able to drive in the traffic safely.
NOTE Keep a stock of one bulb per type
with the vehicle (see technical data).
NOTE This manual must be considered
as an integral part of the vehicle and must
always accompany it, even in case of resale.
aprilia has carried out this manual with the
maximum attention, in order to supply the
user with correct and updated information.
However, since aprilia constantly improves the design of its products, there
may be slight discrepancies between the
characteristics of your vehicle and those
described in this manual. For any clarification concerning the information contained
in this manual, do not hesitate to contact
your aprilia Official Dealer.
For control and repair operations not expressly described in this publication, for the
purchase of aprilia genuine spare parts,
accessories and other products, as well as
for specific advice, contact exclusively
aprilia Official Dealers and Service Centers, which guarantee prompt and accurate
assistance.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. We wish
you a nice ride.
All rights as to electronic storage, reproduction and total or partial adaptation, with
any means, are reserved for all Countries.
NOTE In
some countries the antipollution and noise regulations in force require
periodical inspections.
The user of the vehicle in these countries
must:
– contact an aprilia Official Dealer to have
the non-homologated components replaced with others homologated for use
in the country in question;
– carry out the required periodical inspections.
NOTE Soon
after purchasing the vehicle, write down the identification data indicated on the SPARE PARTS IDENTIFICATION LABEL in the table here below. This
label is positioned on the left side of the
saddle support; to read it, it is necessary to
remove the saddle, see p. 26 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
These data indicate:
– YEAR = year of manufacture (Y, 1, 2, ...);
– I.M. = modification code (A, B, C, ...);
– COUNTRY CODES = homologation
country (I, UK, A, ...).
and are to be supplied to the aprilia Official Dealer as reference data for the purchase of spare parts or specific accessories of the model you have acquired.
In this manual the various versions are indicated by the following symbols:
e automatic light switching version
(Automatic Switch-on Device)
m optional
o catalytic version
VERSION:
I Italy
S Singapore
U United King-
s Slovenia
a Austria
i Israel
p Portugal
¬ South Korea
F
M Malaysia
dom
Finland
B Belgium
c Chile
d Germany
H Croatia
f France
A Australia
E
u United States of
Spain
America
G Greece
Ä Brazil
O
R South Africa
Holland
Y Switzerland
n New Zealand
D Denmark
C Canada
J Japan
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
3
4!",% /& #/.4%.43
SAFETY DRIVE
BASIC SAFETY RULES ...................................... 6
CLOTHING .......................................................... 9
ACCESSORIES ................................................. 10
LOAD ................................................................. 10
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS ....... 12
ARRANGEMENT
OF THE INSTRUMENTS/CONTROLS ................... 14
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS ....................... 15
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE ..... 16
SETTING BUTTONS ......................................... 20
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS ........................ 22
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT PART
OF THE HANDLEBAR ....................................... 22
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART
OF THE HANDLEBAR ....................................... 23
IGNITION SWITCH ............................................ 24
STEERING LOCK .............................................. 25
PARKING LIGHTS ............................................. 25
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT ....................................... 26
UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE ............. 26
GLOVE/TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT ................ 27
SPECIAL TOOLS m ........................................ 27
ACCESSORIES ................................................. 28
MAIN COMPONENTS ............................................. 28
FUEL .................................................................. 28
BRAKE FLUID - recommendations .................... 30
DISC BRAKES ................................................... 31
FRONT BRAKE ................................................. 32
REAR BRAKE .................................................... 34
CLUTCH FLUID - recommendations ................. 35
CLUTCH ............................................................ 36
COOLANT .......................................................... 38
TYRES ............................................................... 40
ENGINE OIL ...................................................... 41
ADJUSTING THE FRONT BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER
AND THE CLUTCH CONTROL LEVER ............ 42
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER CLEARANCE ...................... 42
ADJUSTING THE SHIFTING LEVER ................ 43
AUTOMATIC LIGHT SWITCHING
VERSION e .................................................... 43
CATALYTIC SILENCER o .............................. 43
4
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
EXHAUST SILENCER/EXHAUST
TERMINAL ........................................................
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE ....................................
GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE ..........
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS .....
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS .....
STARTING ........................................................
DEPARTURE AND DRIVE ...............................
RUNNING-IN .....................................................
STOPPING ........................................................
PARKING ..........................................................
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND ...............................................
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT ...........
MAINTENANCE .....................................................
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART ......
IDENTIFICATION DATA ...................................
CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL
AND TOPPING UP ...........................................
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL
AND THE OIL FILTER ......................................
AIR CLEANER ..................................................
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE FRONT SUPPORT STAND m .........
FRONT WHEEL ................................................
FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS ..............................
REAR WHEEL ..................................................
DRIVE CHAIN ...................................................
LIFTING THE FUEL TANK ...............................
REMOVE THE LEFT FAIRING .........................
REMOVING THE LEFT LOWER FAIRING .......
REMOVING THE FUSE BOX COVER .............
REMOVING THE DASHBOARD PANEL ..........
REMOVING THE LOWER COVER
OF THE FRONT PART OF THE FAIRING .......
INSPECTING
THE FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSIONS .......
FRONT SUSPENSION .....................................
REAR SUSPENSION ........................................
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR ..............
IDLING ADJUSTMENT .....................................
ADJUSTING
THE COLD START CONTROL (0) ..................
ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR
CONTROL .........................................................
43
44
44
46
47
48
51
54
55
55
56
58
58
60
62
63
64
66
68
68
71
72
74
76
77
77
78
78
79
80
80
82
84
85
85
85
REAR-VIEW MIRRORS .................................... 86
CHECKING THE STAND .................................. 87
SPARK PLUGS ................................................. 88
BATTERY .......................................................... 90
CHECKING AND CLEANING
THE TERMINALS .............................................. 90
REMOVING THE BATTERY ............................. 91
CHECKING THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL ........ 91
RECHARGING THE BATTERY ........................ 92
INSTALLING THE BATTERY ............................ 92
LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY ............ 93
CHECKING THE SWITCHES ........................... 93
CHANGING THE FUSES .................................. 94
HORIZONTAL ADJUSTMENT
OF THE HEADLIGHT BEAM ............................ 96
ADJUSTING
THE VERTICAL HEADLIGHT BEAM ................ 96
DASHBOARD LIGHTING .................................. 97
BULBS ............................................................... 97
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS ............ 98
CHANGING THE FRONT
DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS ................... 100
CHANGING THE REAR
DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS ................... 100
CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB ............ 100
CHANGING THE NUMBER PLATE BULB ..... 102
TRANSPORT ........................................................ 102
CLEANING ........................................................... 103
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY .................. 104
TECHNICAL DATA .............................................. 105
LUBRICANT CHART ....................................... 109
Importers .................................................. 112-113
Importers ......................................................... 113
WIRING DIAGRAM - RST mille Futura ........... 114
safe drive
"!3)# 3!&%49 25,%3
To drive the vehicle it is necessary to be in
possession of all the requirements prescribed by law (driving licence, minimum
age, psychophysical ability, insurance,
state taxes, vehicle registration, number
plate, etc.).
Gradually get to know the vehicle by driving it first in areas with low traffic and/or private areas.
6
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
The use of medicins, alcohol and drugs or
psychotropic substances notably increases
the risk of accidents.
Be sure that you are in good psychophysical conditions and fit for driving and pay
particular attention to physical weariness
and drowsiness.
Most road accidents are caused by the
driver’s lack of experience.
NEVER lend the vehicle to beginners and,
in any case, make sure that the driver has
all the requirements for driving.
Rigorously observe all road signs and national and local road regulations.
Avoid abrupt movements that can be dangerous for yourself and other people (for
example: rearing up on the back wheel,
speeding, etc.), and give due consideration
to the road surface, visibility and other driving conditions.
Avoid obstacles that could damage the vehicle or make you lose control.
Avoid riding in the slipstream created by
preceding vehicles in order to increase
your speed.
Always drive with both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests (or
on the rider’s footboards), in the correct
driving posture.
Avoid standing up or stretching your limbs
while driving.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
7
OIL
The driver should pay attention and avoid
distractions caused by people, things and
movements (never smoke, eat, drink, read,
etc.) while driving.
8
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
COOLER
Use only the vehicle’s specific fuels and lubricants indicated in the “LUBRICANT
CHART”; check all oil, fuel and coolant levels regularly.
If the vehicle has been involved in an accident, make sure that no damage has occurred to the control levers, pipes, wires,
braking system and vital parts.
If necessary, have the vehicle inspected by
an aprilia Official Dealer who should carefully check the frame, handlebars, suspensions, safety parts and all the devices that
you cannot check by yourself.
Always remember to report any malfunction to the technicians to help them in their
work.
Never use the vehicle when the amount of
damage it has suffered endangers your
safety.
ONLY ORIGINALS
A12
345
Never change the position, inclination or
colour of: number plate, direction indicators, lights and horns.
Any modification of the vehicle will result in
the invalidity of the guarantee.
Any modification of the vehicle and/or the
removal of original components can compromise vehicle performance levels and
safety or even make it illegal.
We recommend respecting all regulations
and national and local provisions regarding
the equipment of the vehicle.
In particular, avoid all modifications that increase the vehicle’s performance levels or
alter its original characteristics.
Never race with other vehicles.
Avoid off-road driving.
#,/4().'
Before starting, always wear a correctly
fastened crash helmet. Make sure that it is
homologated, in good shape, of the right
size and that the visor is clean.
Wear protective clothing, preferably in light
and/or reflecting colours. In this way you
will make yourself more visible to the other
drivers, thus notably reducing the risk of
being knocked down, and you will be more
protected in case of fall.
This clothing should be very tight-fitting
and fastened at the wrists and ankles;
strings, belts and ties should not be hanging loose; prevent these and other objects
from interfering with driving by getting entangled with moving parts or driving mechanisms.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
9
Do not keep objects that can be dangerous
in case of fall, for example pointed objects
like keys, pens, glass vials etc. in your
pockets (the same recommendations also
apply to passengers).
10
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
!##%33/2)%3
The owner of the vehicle is responsible for
the choice, installation and use of any accessory.
Avoid installing accessories that cover
horns or lights or that could impair their
functions, limit the suspension stroke and
the steering angle, hamper the operation of
the controls and reduce the distance from
the ground and the angle of inclination in
turns.
Avoid using accessories that hamper access to the controls, since this can prolong
reaction times during an emergency.
Big fairings and windshields installed on
the vehicle may produce aerodynamic forces that affect the stability of the vehicle, especially when riding at high speed.
Make sure that the equipment is well fastened to the vehicle and not dangerous
during driving.
Do not install electrical devices and do not
modify those already existing to avoid electrical overloads, because the vehicle could
suddenly stop or there could be a dangerous current shortage in the horn and in the
lights.
aprilia recommends the use of genuine
accessories (aprilia genuine accessories).
,/!$
Be careful and moderate when loading
your luggage. Keep any luggage loaded as
close as possible to the center of gravity of
the vehicle and distribute the load uniformly on both sides, in order to reduce umbalance to the minimum. Furthermore, make
sure that the load is firmly secured to the
vehicle, especially during long trips.
Avoid hanging bulky, heavy and/or danger-
KG!
ous objects on the handlebars, mudguards
and forks, because the vehicle might respond more slowly in turns and its manoeuvrability could be unavoidably impaired.
Do not place bags that are too bulky on the
vehicle sides and do not ride with the crash
helmet, because they could hit people or
obstacles, making you lose control of the
vehicle.
Do not carry any bag if it is not tightly secured to the vehicle.
Do not carry bags which protrude too much
from the luggage-rack or which cover the
lights, horn or indicators.
Do not carry animals or children on the
glove compartment or on the luggage rack.
Do not exceed the maximum load allowed
for each side-bag.
When the vehicle is overloaded, its stability
and its manoeuvrability can be compromised.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
11
!22!.'%-%.4 /& 4(% -!). %,%-%.43
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Headlight
Air temperature sensor
Left rear-view mirror
Saddle lock
Ignition switch/steering
lock/parking lights
6) Clutch fluid reservoir
12
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
Electronic unit
Engine oil tank cap
Rider left footrest
Battery
Main fuse carrier (30A)
Saddle
13) Passenger left footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
14) Drive chain
15) Rear fork
16) Centre stand
17) Side stand
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
Shifting lever
Engine oil filter
Engine oil tank
Lower left fairing
Engine oil level
Left fairing
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Rear light
Glove/tool kit compartment
Rear shock absorber
Fuel tank
Fuel tank filler cap
Air cleaner
7) Front brake fluid tank
8) Secondary fuse carrier
(15A)
9) Right rear-view mirror
10) Horn
11)
12)
13)
14)
Coolant expansion
Coolant expansion tank cap
Rear brake control lever
Rider right footrest
15) Rear brake pump
16) Rear brake fluid tank
17) Passenger right footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
13
!22!.'%-%.4 /& 4(% ).3425-%.43#/.42/,3
+%9
Ignition switch/steering lock/parking lights (2 - 1 - & - :)
Direction indicator switch (6)
Horn push button (*)
Dimmer switch (8 - 7)
High beam signaller push button (7)/LAP push button (multifunction)
6) Clutch lever
7) Instruments and indicators
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
14
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
Front brake lever
Throttle grip
Engine stop switch (2 - 1)
Start push button (+)
Light switch (( - ' - •) (not provided for e)
).3425-%.43 !.$ ).$)#!4/23
+%9
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Speedometer
Green direction indicator warning light LED (6)
Red engine oil pressure warning light LED (.)
Amber side stand down warning light LED (Æ)
Red diagnostic warning light LED (EFI)
Blue high beam warning light LED (7)
Amber low fuel warning light LED (-)
8) Right multifunction digital display (fuel level/air temperature coolant temperature - clock/injection system error codes)
9) SET and MODE programming buttons
10) Green neutral indicator warning light LED (/)
11) Revolution counter
12) Left digital display (odometer)
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
15
).3425-%.43 !.$ ).$)#!4/23 4!",%
aCAUTION
The switching km/mi L /gal, °C/°F is set and fixed by APRILIA
in the vehicle production phase, according to the country of
destination.
This setting cannot be modified successively.
Description
Direction indicator warning light LED
High beam warning light LED
Revolution counter rpm
NOTE Whenever the ignition switch is turned to position “2”,
all the LED warning lights, including the dashboard lighting
LEDs, come on on the dashboard for approximately three seconds, thus testing the correct operation of the LEDs.
Function
6 Blinks when the direction indicators are on.
7 Comes on when the high beam bulbs are on or when the headlight signaller is operated.
Indicates the number of revolutions of the engine per minute.
Never exceed the engine max. speed rate, see p. 54 (RUNNING-IN).
aCAUTION
Amber low fuel warning light LED
Comes on when the quantity of fuel left in the tank is about 4 ± 1 L.
In this case, top up as soon as possible, see p. 28 (FUEL).
Side stand down war warning light
LED
Æ Comes on when the side stand is down.
Engine oil pressure warning light
LED
Neutral indicator warning light LED
Comes on whenever the ignition switch is in position “2” and the engine is not running, thus
checking the functionality of the LED.
If the light LED does not come on in this phase, contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
.
If the engine oil pressure warning light LED “.” remains on after
aCAUTION
the start or comes on during the normal operation of the engine,
this means that the engine oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient.
In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
/ Comes on when the gear is in neutral.
Follow
16
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
ã
Follow
ã
Description
Diagnostic warning light LED
Function
Comes on for approximately three seconds whenever the ignition switch is turned to position
“2”, thus testing the correct operation of the LED.
If the diagnostic warning light LED “EFI” comes on and blinks
aCAUTION
EFI
when the engine is started or starts blinking during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly. In
many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels; immediately
contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Speedometer (km/h)
It indicates the driving speed.
Digital display
Odometer (km - mi)
(left side)
Indicates the partial or total number of kilometres (miles) covered.
Multifunction
digital display Fuel level indicator.
(right side)
Indicates the fuel level in the tank.
The fuel quantity is shown by the indicator range (analog display) and by the
value expressed in L (gal) (numerical display).
When the fuel tank is full the indicator range is completely on and the numerical display indicates “)”.
As the fuel level decreases, the marked area of the indicator range and the
value in L (gal) decrease accordingly.
When no segment of the indicator range is on, the numerical display blinks in- dicating “” and the low fuel warning light LED blinks, this means that the
quantity of fuel left in the tank amounts to less than 4 ± 1 L.
In this case, top up as soon as possible, see p. 28 (FUEL).
When no segment of the indicator range is on, the
aCAUTION
numerical display blinks indicating “” and the
low fuel warning light LED blinks, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
NOTE The digital sector can be used alternatively to display the air temperature (T°AIR), while the analog display remains off.
To alternate the
data displayed,
see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS).
Follow
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
ã
17
Follow
ã
Multifunction
Air temperature
digital display
indicator.
(right side)
The numerical sector can be used to display the air temperature in °C (°F) as
an alternative to the fuel level indicator - (the indicator range remains off).
With temperatures under -20 °C (-4 °F) the writing “” is displayed; between
-20 °C (-68 °F) and 50 °C (122 °F) the exact temperature value is displayed;
over 50 °C (122 °F) the writing “” (“”) is displayed.
the digital display blinks indicating a temaWARNING When
perature equal to or lower than 3°C (37.4 °F), drive
at moderate speed, since there may be ice formation, and avoid abrupt
brakings or manoeuvres that may cause loss of grip.
Independently of the function displayed (fuel level or air temperature), when
T°AIR the air temperature is equal to or lower than 3 °C (37.4 °F) the display blinks
indicating the temperature for ten seconds (even if in the meantime the temperature increases and exceeds 3 °C (37.4 °F).
If the temperature remains under 3 °C (37.4 °F), the procedure is repeated
every five minutes for three times.
To alternate the
data displayed,
see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS).
NOTE After the ten seconds have elapsed, the display always returns to
the function displayed before (fuel level or air temperature).
aCAUTION
cial Dealer.
When the digital display blinks showing the writing
“BB” or the writing “”, contact an APRILIA OffiFollow
18
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
ã
Follow
ã
Indicates the temperature of the coolant in the engine, see p. 20 (SETTING
BUTTONS).
The temperature is indicated by the indicator range (analog display) and by
the value expressed in °C (°F) (digital display).
Up to 35 °C (97 °F) the writing “” is displayed.
aCAUTION
The switching on and off of the cooling fans does
not depend on the position of the ignition switch.
To lower the coolant temperature the cooling fans operate even when
the engine is not running and are switched off automatically.
Coolant temperature indicator (°C/°F)
)
aCAUTION
If the maximum allowed temperature (125°C or
257 °F) is exceeded, the engine may be serious-
ly damaged.
If a temperature of 116 – 125 °C (241 – 257 °F) is displayed and the secondlast segment of the indicator range blinks, stop the engine, wait for the cooling
fans to be switched off and check the coolant level, see p. 38 (COOLANT).
If a temperature of 126 – 135 °C (259 – 275 °F) is displayed and the last two
segments of the indicator range blink, stop the vehicle and let the engine idle
for approximately two minutes, thus allowing the coolant to circulate regularly
in the system; then, press the engine stop switch to position “1” and check
the coolant level, see p. 38 (COOLANT). If the situation on the dashboard remains the same after the coolant level has been checked, do not start the vehicle and contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
Multifunction
digital display
(right side)
Service operation indicator “SERVICE”
After the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4600 mi),
the word “SERVICE” appears.
In this case contact an APRILIA Official Dealer,
aCAUTION
who will carry out the operations indicated in the
regular service intervals chart, see p. 60 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART).
Clock
Indicates the hour and minutes according to the presetting, see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS).
To alternate the
data displayed,
see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
19
3%44).' "544/.3
aWARNING
The operations described below must
be carried out with the vehicle at rest.
Performing these operations while the
vehicle is running may be cause of accidents.
NOTE
The following information is to be
considered as referred to the vehicle at
rest.
When the ignition key (1) is turned to position “2”, the following lights come on on
the dashboard within three seconds:
– all the warning lights LED;
– all the dashboard lighting LEDs;
– all the segments on the left display;
– all the segments and writings on the
right multifunction display;
– the pointers of the indicators move to the
bottom of the indicator range;
20
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
thus testing the operation of LEDs, writings, segments and instruments.
After three seconds, the engine oil pressure warning light LED “.” (2) remains
on on the dashboard (and will remain on
until the engine is started) and the following will appear on the displays:
– total number of kilometres covered (3);
– fuel quantity (4);
– coolant temperature (5) [up to 35 °C
(95°F) the writing “---” is displayed];
– hour and minutes (6).
ADJUSTING THE DASHBOARD
LIGHTING
It is possible to select three different levels
for the dashboard lighting: 100%; 60%;
25%.
For the adjustment, proceed as follows:
◆ Move the light switch (7) to position
“'”;
ì Bring the dimmer switch “8 - 7” (8)
to position “8”.
NOTE Three seconds after the last selection, the button SET returns to the
switching mode total/partial kilometres
(miles) odometer.
◆ Turn the ignition switch (1) to position
“2” and, within three seconds, press the
button SET (9) in sequence, thus obtaining the three lighting levels.
◆ Select the desired lighting level.
SWITCHING FROM km/mi, L /gal, °C/°F
aCAUTION
The switching km/mi L /gal, °C/°F is set
and fixed by APRILIA in the vehicle production phase, according to the country
of destination.
This setting cannot be modified successively.
SWITCHING FROM TOTAL TO PARTIAL
KILOMETRE (MILE) ODOMETER
Left display
◆ Press and release the button SET (1);
the relevant total partial or total kilometres (miles) covered will appear on the
display.
SWITCHING FROM FUEL LEVEL INDICATOR TO AIR TEMPERATURE INDICATOR
Multifunction display right side
◆ Press and release the button MODE (3);
the fuel level indicator (4) or the air temperature indicator (5) (numerical display
only) will appear on the display.
NOTE Whenever the ignition switch is
turned to position “2”, the display always
indicates the total number of kilometres
(miles) covered.
NOTE Whenever the ignition switch is
turned to position “2”, the fuel level indicator (4) always appears on the display.
To set the partial kilometre (mile) odometer to zero, proceed as follows:
◆ Display the partial number of kilometres
covered, see above.
◆ Press the button SET (1) for more than
three seconds; the segments (2) are set
to zero.
NOTE If the battery is removed, the partial number of kilometres is set to zero.
SETTING THE CLOCK (HOURS AND
MINUTES)
NOTE The setting of the clock can be
carried out only with the vehicle at rest.
one; if the button SET (1) is kept pressed,
the data change scrolling quickly and cyclically.
◆ Press the SET (1) push button and se-
lect the desired hour.
◆ To confirm the time setting, press and re-
lease the button MODE (3), and the
minute segments (7) will blink.
◆ Press the SET (1) push button and select the desired minutes.
◆ To confirm the minute setting, press and
release the MODE (3) push button.
NOTE If the battery is removed, the
clock is set to zero.
◆ Press the MODE (3) push button for
more than three seconds, the segments
corresponding to the hours (6) will blink.
NOTE If the button SET (1) is pressed
and released, the data are changed one by
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
21
-!). ).$%0%.$%.4 #/.42/,3
#/.42/,3 /. 4(% ,%&4 0!24 /& 4(%
(!.$,%"!2
NOTE
The electrical parts work only when the ignition switch
is in position “2”.
1) HORN PUSH BUTTON (*)
The horn is activated when the push button is pressed.
2) DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH (6)
To indicate the turn to the left, move the switch to the left; to
indicate the turn to the right, move the switch to the right.
To turn off the direction indicator, press the switch.
3) DIMMER SWITCH (8 - 7)
When the light switch is in position “(”: if the dimmer switch
is in position “7”, the high beam comes on; while if it is in position “8”, the low beam comes on.
3) DIMMER SWITCH (8 - 7) e
When it is in position “8” the parking lights, the dashboard
light and the low beam are always on.
When it is in position “7”, the high beam comes on.
4) HIGH BEAM SIGNALLING PUSH BUTTON (7)
It makes it possible to use the high beam for signalling to
forthcoming vehicles while overtaking and in case of peril
and/or emergency.
The high beam blinking is operated by pressing the push button, independently of the position of the light switch (( - '
- •).
NOTE
button.
22
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
To disconnect the high beam blinking, release the push
#/.42/,3 /. 4(% 2)'(4 0!24 /& 4(%
(!.$,%"!2
NOTE The electrical parts work only when the ignition switch
is in position “2”.
1) ENGINE STOP SWITCH (2 - 1)
aWARNING
Do not operate the engine stop switch “2 - 1” in running
conditions.
This is a safety or emergency switch.
With the switch pressed in position “2”, it is possible to start
the engine; when the switch is pressed to position “1”, the
engine stops.
aCAUTION
With stopped engine and ignition switch in position “2”, the
battery may discharge.
When the vehicle has come to rest, after stopping the engine, move the ignition switch to position “1”.
2) LIGHT SWITCH (( - ' - •) (not provided for e)
When the light switch is in position “•”, the lights are off; when
the switch is in position “'”, the parking lights and the dashboard light are on; when the switch is in position “(”, the
parking lights, the dashboard light and the low beam are on.
The high beam can be operated by means of the dimmer
switch.
3) START PUSH BUTTON (+)
When the start push button “+” is pressed, the starter makes
the engine run. For the starting, see p. 48 (STARTING).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
23
Position
Steering
lock
)'.)4)/. 37)4#(
The ignition switch (1) is positioned on the
upper plate of the steering column.
NOTE
The key operates the ignition
switch/steering lock, the fuel tank lock (2)
and the saddle lock (3).
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
NOTE
Do not keep the spare key on the
vehicle.
24
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
Function
Key removal
The steer- It is possible
ing is
to remove the
locked. It is key.
neither possible to start
the engine,
nor to switch
on the
lights.
Neither the It is possible
engine, nor to remove the
the lights
key.
can be
switched on.
The engine It is not possiand the
ble to remove
lights can be the key.
switched on.
The parking It is possible
lights are
to remove the
on.
key.
34%%2).' ,/#+
aWARNING
Never turn the key to position “&” in
running conditions, in order to avoid
losing control of the vehicle.
OPERATION
To lock the steering:
◆ Turn the handlebar completely leftwards.
◆ Turn the key to position “1”.
◆ Press the key and rotate it to position “&”.
NOTE If it is necessary to switch on the
parking lights, see p. 25 (PARKING
LIGHTS).
◆ Extract the key.
SH
1
PU
PU
SH
1
0!2+).' ,)'(43
The vehicle is provided with front and rear
parking lights. Even if it is always advisable
to park the vehicle in the appropriate parking areas and in any case in illuminated
places, the parking lights are very useful
when it is necessary to park the vehicle in a
dark or badly illuminated area, or in any
case when the vehicle must be visible.
aCAUTION
Do not leave the parking lights on for
long periods, in order to avoid the wear
of the battery due to the current consumption required by the lights. The
complete wear of the battery makes it
impossible to start the vehicle.
OPERATION
To switch on the parking lights, proceed
as follows:
◆ Lock the steering without extracting the
key (2), see p. 25 (STEERING LOCK).
◆ Turn the key (2) to position “:” (PARK-
ING).
◆ Make sure that both parking lights (front
and rear) are on and operate correctly.
◆ Remove the key (2).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
25
!58),)!29 %15)0-%.4
5.,/#+).',/#+).' 4(%
3!$$,%
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Insert the key (1) in the saddle lock (2).
◆ Turn the key (1) clockwise and raise and
remove the saddle.
NOTE
Before lowering and locking the
saddle, make sure that you have not left
the key in the glove/tool kit compartment.
26
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
To lock the saddle:
◆ Position the tangs (3) in the seat, lower
and press the saddle, making the lock
snap.
~Grasp the front part of the saddle and
couple the tang (4) to the fuel tank.
aWARNING
Before leaving, make sure that the saddle is properly locked.
1
',/6%4//, +)4 #/-0!24-%.4
30%#)!, 4//,3 m
To reach the glove/tool kit compartment,
proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
To perform some specific operations, it is
advisable to use the following special tools
(to be requested to an aprilia Official Dealer):
The tool kit (1) includes:
– 3, 4, 5, 6 mm bent hexagon spanners
(2);
– 8 – 10 mm double fork spanner (3);
– 11 – 13 mm double fork spanner (4);
– 22 mm simple box spanner (5);
– extension for simple box spanners (6);
– 6 – 7 mm double socket spanner (7);
– 8 – 10 mm double socket spanner (8);
– 16 mm socket spanner for spark plug
(9);
– double-ended, cross-/cut-headed screwdriver (10);
– extension for pin spanner (11);
– pin spanner for wheel hub (12);
– bush 22 mm (13);
Tool
Operations
Front support stand (16), see
p. 68 (POSITIONING THE
VEHICLE ON THE FRONT
SUPPORT STAND
).
Front wheel
disassembly.
m
– fuel tank support rod (14).
– tool case (15);
Maximum allowed weight: 1.5 kg.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
27
-!). #/-0/.%.43
&5%,
aWARNING
!##%33/2)%3
The vehicle may be equipped with the following accessories (to be requested to the
aprilia Official Dealer):
– side bags m;
– bag on the tank m;
– rear central bag m.
aWARNING
The bags for the transport of luggage
have been designed in such a way as
not to compromise the stability of the
vehicle.
It is forbidden to anchor luggage or
objects to the accessories mentioned
above.
It is compulsory to install both side
bags taking care to distribute the weight
of the luggage uniformly.
28
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
aWARNING
Excluding the original APRILIA transport
bags m, do not install any other kind of
bag or case on the rear part of the vehicle.
aWARNING
Failure to comply with the instructions
given above will cause:
– the unbalance of the vehicle with consequent risk of fall while the vehicle is
running, is being parked or is at rest;
– an overload on the bearing structure
of the vehicle, with risk of deformation or breakage;
– the invalidity of the guarantee.
The fuel used for internal combustion
engines is extremely inflammable and
in particular conditions it can become
explosive.
It is important to carry out the refuelling
and the maintenance operations in a
well-ventilated area, with the engine off.
Do not smoke while refuelling or near
fuel vapours, in any case avoid any contact with naked flames, sparks and any
other heat source to prevent the fuel
from catching fire or from exploding.
aWARNING
Further, prevent fuel from flowing out of
the fuel filler, as it could catch fire when
getting in contact with the red-hot surfaces of the engine.
In case some fuel has accidentally been
spilt, make sure that the area has completely dried and before starting the vehicle verify that there is no fuel inside
the fuel filler neck.
Since petrol expands under the heat of
the sun and due to the effects of sun radiation, never fill the tank to the brim.
aWARNING
Screw the plug up carefully after refuelling. Avoid any contact of the fuel with
the skin and the inhalation of vapours;
do not swallow fuel or pour it from a receptacle into another by means of a
tube.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Use only unleaded petrol, in conformity
with the DIN 51 607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.)
To refuel, proceed as follows:
◆ Raise the flap (1).
◆ Insert the key (2) in the tank plug lock
(3).
◆ Turn the key clockwise, pull and open
the fuel flap.
FUEL TANK CAPACITY (reserve included): 21 L
TANK RESERVE: 4 ± 1 L
aCAUTION
Do not put additives or other substances into the fuel.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
aWARNING
Do not fill the tank completely; the maximum fuel level must remain below the
lower edge of the filler neck (see figure).
aCAUTION
◆ Refuel.
After refuelling:
NOTE
The cap can be closed only when
the key (2) is inserted.
◆ With inserted key (2), close the cap by
pressing it.
aWARNING
Make sure that the cap is properly
closed.
◆ Withdraw the key (2).
◆ Close the flap (1).
During the refilling operations, be careful to avoid damaging the inner parts of
the tank with the fuel pump.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
29
NOTE
aWARNING
aWARNING
This vehicle is provided with front
and rear disc brakes, with separate hydraulic circuits.
Make sure that the brake discs are neither oily nor greasy, especially after
maintenance or checking operations.
The following information refers to a single
braking system, but is valid for both.
Check that the brake cables are neither
twisted nor worn out.
Carefully wash the parts of your body
that get in contact with the liquid. Consult a doctor or an oculist if the liquid
gets in contact with your eyes.
aWARNING
Prevent water or dust from accidentally
getting into the circuit.
"2!+% &,5)$ RECOMMENDATIONS
Sudden resistance or clearance problems on the brake lever may be due to
troubles in the hydraulic system.
For any doubt regarding the perfect
functioning of the braking system and
in case you are not able to carry out the
usual checking operations, contact
your APRILIA Official Dealer.
30
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed on the hydraulic circuit, it
is advisable to use latex gloves.
If the brake fluid gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE FLUID IN
THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
aCAUTION
When using the brake fluid, take care
not to spill it on the plastic or painted
parts, since it can damage them.
$)3# "2!+%3
aWARNING
The brakes are the parts that most ensure your safety and for this reason
they must always be perfectly working;
check them before every trip.
A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction of the braking efficiency.
Dirty pads must be replaced, while dirty
discs must be cleaned with a high-quality degreaser.
The brake fluid must be changed every
two years by an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Use brake fluid of the type specified in
the lubricant chart, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
NOTE This vehicle is provided with disc
brakes with two, front and rear braking systems having separate hydraulic circuits.
The front braking system is with double
disc (right and left side).
The rear braking system is with single disc
(right side).
The following information refers to a single
braking system, but is valid for both.
When the disc pads wear out, the level of
the fluid decreases to automatically compensate for their wear.
The front brake reservoir is positioned on
the right part of the handlebar, near the
front brake lever coupling.
The rear brake reservoir is positioned on
the right side of the vehicle, near the rear
brake control lever.
NOTE Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle
is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven
surfaces or on racetracks.
Have the brake discs checked by an aprilia Official Dealer after the first 1000 km
(625 mi) and successively every 7500 km
(4687 mi).
Before departure, check the brake fluid level in the reservoirs, see p. 32 (FRONT
BRAKE), p. 34 (REAR BRAKE), and the
wear of the pads, see p. 84 (CHECKING
THE BRAKE PAD WEAR).
Have the brake fluid changed every two
years by an aprilia Official Dealer.
aWARNING
Do not use the vehicle if the braking
system leaks fluid.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
31
&2/.4 "2!+%
CHECK
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Rotate the handlebar completely leftwards.
◆ Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the “MIN” mark.
MIN= minimum level
If the fluid does not reach at least the “MIN”
mark:
If the pads and/or the disc do not need replacing, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
Carefully read p. 30 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations).
aCAUTION
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank.
Do not operate the front brake lever if
the screws (1) and (2) are loose or, most
important, if the brake fluid tank cover
has been removed.
aCAUTION
aCAUTION
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
Position a cloth under the brake reservoir, in case some fluid should be
spilled.
◆ Check the brake pad wear, see p. 84
◆ Turn the handlebar completely right-
(CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR)
and the disc wear.
32
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
wards.
◆ Unscrew the screw (1), using a short,
cross-tip screwdriver.
aCAUTION
Do not unscrew the screw (2) with the
handlebar rotated to the right, in order
not to spill any fluid.
◆ Rotate the handlebar completely left-
wards.
◆ Unscrew the screw (2).
aWARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the
brake fluid to the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and
when in contact with the air it absorbs
its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank open ONLY
for the time necessary for topping up.
◆ Raise and remove the cover (3) together
with the screws (1) and (2).
◆ Remove the guide cover (4).
◆ Remove the gasket (5).
aCAUTION
In order not to spill the brake fluid while
topping up, do not shake the vehicle.
Do not put additives or other subtances
into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE In order to reach the “MAX” level,
top up until covering the glass (6) completely, with the brake fluid reservoir rim parallel
to the ground.
aCAUTION
Do not exceed the “MAX” level while
topping up.
It is advisable to top up until reaching
the “MAX” level only with new pads.
Do not reach the “MAX” level with worn
out pads, since this will cause a fluid
outflow when the pads are changed.
◆ Put back the gasket (5) in its seat cor-
rectly.
◆ Put back the guide cover (4) correctly.
◆ Put back the cover (3).
◆ Screw and tighten the screw (2).
◆ Turn the handlebar completely right-
wards.
◆ Screw and tighten the screw (1).
aWARNING
Check the braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever or reduced efficiency of the braking system, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer, since it may be necessary to
bleed the system.
◆ Top up the reservoir (7) by adding brake
fluid, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART),
until reaching the correct level.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
33
◆ Raise and remove the cover together
with the screws (1) and the gasket (3).
aCAUTION
2%!2 "2!+%
CHECK
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the “MIN” mark.
MIN= minimum level
MAX= maximum level
If the fluid does not reach at least the “MIN”
mark:
aCAUTION
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
◆ Check the brake pad wear, see p. 84
(CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR)
and the disc wear.
If the pads and/or the disc do not need replacing, provide for topping up.
34
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
TOPPING UP
Carefully read p. 30 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations).
aCAUTION
The brake fluid may flow out of the tank.
Do not operate the rear brake lever if the
screws (1) are loose or, most important,
if the brake fluid tank cover has been removed.
aWARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the
brake fluid to the air.
The brake fluid is hygroscopic and
when in contact with the air it absorbs
its humidity.
Leave the brake fluid tank open ONLY
for the time necessary for topping up.
◆ Unscrew the two screws (1) of the brake
reservoir (2) by means of a short, crossheaded screwdriver.
In order not to spill the brake fluid while
topping up, keep the fluid in the tank
parallel to the tank rim (in horizontal position).
Do not put additives or other subtances
into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
◆ Top up the reservoir (2) by adding brake
fluid, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART),
until reaching the correct level included
between the “MIN” and “MAX” marks”.
aCAUTION
It is advisable to top up until reaching
the “MAX” level only with new pads. Do
not reach the “MAX” level with worn out
pads, since this will cause a fluid outflow
when the pads are changed.
Check the braking efficiency.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever or reduced efficiency of the braking system, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer, since it may be necessary to
bleed the system.
aCAUTION
Make sure that the cable is neither
twisted nor worn out.
Prevent water or dust from accidentally
getting into the circuit.
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed on the hydraulic circuit, it
is advisable to use latex gloves.
#,54#( &,5)$ RECOMMENDATIONS
NOTE This vehicle is provided with hydraulic clutch control.
aCAUTION
Sudden resistance or clearance problems on the clutch lever may be due to
troubles in the hydraulic system.
For any doubt regarding the perfect
functioning of the system and in case
you are not able to carry out the usual
checking operations, contact your
APRILIA Official Dealer.
If the fluid gets in contact with the skin
or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
Carefully wash the parts of your body
that get in contact with the liquid. Consult a doctor or an oculist if the liquid
gets in contact with your eyes.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE FLUID IN
THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
When using the fluid, take care not to
spill it on the plastic and painted parts,
since it damages them.
The clutch control fluid must be
changed every two years by an APRILIA
Official Dealer.
NOTE Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle
is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven
surfaces or on racetracks.
Before departure, check the fluid level in
the tank, see p. 36 (CLUTCH); have it
changed by an aprilia Official Dealer every
two years.
aWARNING
Do not use the vehicle if you notice fluid
leakages from the clutch control system.
Use fluid of the type specified in the lubricant chart, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT
CHART).
The clutch fluid reservoir is positioned on
the left part of the handlebar, near the
clutch control lever coupling.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
35
#,54#(
NOTE
Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle
is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven
surfaces or on racetracks.
Have the clutch checked by an aprilia Official Dealer every 7500 km (4687 mi).
In case of use on racetracks:
have the clutch checked by an aprilia Official Dealer every 3750 km (2343 mi).
NOTE
The engine is provided with an
hydraulic control clutch, aided by the PPC
(Pneumatic Power Clutch) exclusive patented system, which avoids the bouncing
of the rear wheel.
CHECK
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Turn the handlebar completely rightwards.
◆ Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the “MIN” mark.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
aCAUTION
MIN= minimum level
◆ If the fluid does not reach the “MIN”
mark, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
Carefully read p. 35 (CLUTCH FLUID recommendations).
aCAUTION
The fluid may flow out. Do not operate
the clutch control lever if the reservoir
plug is loose or has been removed.
36
aWARNING
Avoid any prolonged exposure of the
clutch fluid to the air.
The clutch fluid is hygroscopic and
when in contact with the air it absorbs
its humidity.
Leave the clutch fluid tank open ONLY
for the time necessary for topping up.
Position a cloth under the brake reservoir, in case some fluid should be
spilled.
◆ Rotate the handlebar completely left-
wards.
◆ Unscrew the screw (1), using a short,
cross-tip screwdriver.
aCAUTION
Do not unscrew the screw (2) with the
handlebar rotated to the left, in order
not to spill any fluid.
◆ Turn the handlebar completely right-
wards.
◆ Unscrew the screw (2).
aCAUTION
Do not shake the vehicle, in order not to
spill fluid while topping up.
Do not put additives or other subtances
into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
◆ Raise and remove the cover (3) together
with the screws (1) and (2).
◆ Remove the gasket (4).
NOTE In order to reach the “MAX” level,
top up until covering the glass (5) completely, with the clutch fluid reservoir rim parallel
to the ground.
◆ Top up the reservoir (6) by adding clutch
fluid, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART),
until reaching the correct level.
aWARNING
Check the clutch efficiency.
If the stroke of the clutch control lever
is excessive or if the clutch system is
not efficient, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer, since it may be necessary to
bleed the system.
aCAUTION
Do not exceed the “MAX” level while
topping up.
◆ Put back the gasket (4) in its seat cor-
rectly.
◆ Put back the cover (3).
◆ Screw and tighten the screw (2).
◆ Rotate the handlebar completely left-
wards.
◆ Screw and tighten the screw (1).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
37
#//,!.4
aCAUTION
Do not use the vehicle if the coolant is
below the minimum prescribed level
(LOW).
NOTE
Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle
is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven
surfaces or on racetracks.
Before departure, check the coolant level,
see p. 39 (CHECKING AND TOPPING
UP); have the coolant changed every two
years: for this operation, contact an aprilia
Official Dealer.
aWARNING
The coolant is noxious: do not swallow
it; if the coolant gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
If the fluid gets in contact with your skin
or eyes, rinse with plenty of water and
consult a doctor. If it is swallowed, induce vomit, rinse mouth and throat with
plenty of water and consult a doctor
without delay.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE FLUID IN
THE ENVIRONMENT.
Be careful not to spill the coolant on the
red-hot parts of the engine: it may catch
fire and send out invisible flames.
38
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
aCAUTION
Have the pads changed by your APRILIA
Official Dealer.
The coolant is composed of 50% water and
50% antifreeze.
This mixture is ideal for most running temperatures and ensures good protection
against corrosion.
It is advisable to keep the same mixture
also in the hot season, since in this way
losses due to evaporation are reduced and
it is not necessary to top up very frequently.
The mineral salt deposits left in the radiator
by evaporated water are thus reduced and
the efficiency of the cooling system remains unchanged.
If the outdoor temperature is below 0°,
check the cooling circuit frequently and if
necessary increase the antifreeze concentration (up to maximum 60%).
For the cooling solution use distilled water,
in order not to damage the engine.
aWARNING
Do not remove the expansion tank plug
(1) when the engine is hot, since the
coolant is under pressure and its temperature is high.
If it gets in contact with the skin or with
clothes it may cause severe burns
and/or damage.
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
aWARNING
Check the coolant level and top up the
expansion tank with cold engine.
◆ Stop the engine and wait until it has
cooled down.
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
◆ Make sure that the coolant contained in
the expansion tank (2) is included between the “FULL” and “LOW” marks, by
checking through the appropriate slot on
the right fairing”.
FULL = maximum level
LOW = minimum level
If not, proceed as follows:
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (3).
◆ Remove the cover (4).
◆ Unscrew and remove the filling cap (1).
aWARNING
The coolant is noxious: do not swallow
it; if the coolant gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
Do not use your fingers or any other object to check if there is enough coolant.
aCAUTION
◆ Top up the expansion tank by adding
coola nt, see p. 109 (LU BR ICA NT
CHART), until this almost reaches the
“FULL” level. Do not exceed this level,
otherwise the fluid will flow out while the
engine is running.
◆ Put back the filling cap (1).
aCAUTION
In case of excessive consumption of
coolant and in case the tank remains
empty, make sure that there are no
leaks in the circuit. Have it repaired by
an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Do not put additives or other subtances
into the fluid.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
39
492%3
Change the tyre when it is worn out or
in case of puncture on the tread side, if
the puncture is larger than 5 mm.
After repairing a tyre, have the wheels
balanced.
This vehicle is provided with tubeless tyres.
NOTE
Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle
is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven
surfaces or on racetracks.
aWARNING
aWARNING
Check the inflation pressure at room
temperature every two weeks.
Check the conditions of the tyres and
the inflation pressure at room temperature every 1000 km (625 mi), see p. 105
(TECHNICAL DATA).
aWARNING
Periodically check the tyre inflation
pressure at room temperature, see p.
105 (TECHNICAL DATA).
If the tyres are hot, the measurement is
not correct.
Carry out the measurement especially
before and after long rides.
If the inflation pressure is too high, the
ground unevenness cannot be dampened and is therefore transmitted to the
handlebar, thus compromising the driving comfort and reducing the road holding during turns.
If, on the contrary, the inflation pressure
is too low, the tyre sides (1) are under
greater stress and the tyre itself may
slip on the rim or it may become loose,
40
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
with consequent loss of control of the
vehicle.
In case of sudden braking the tyres
could even come off the rims.
Further, the vehicle could skid while
turning.
aWARNING
Check the surface and the wear of the
tyres, since tyres in bad conditions can
impair both the grip and the controllability of the vehicle.
Some types of tyres homologated for
this vehicle are provided with wear indicators.
There are several kinds of wear indicators. For more information on how to
check the wear, contact your Dealer.
Visually check if the tyres are worn and
in this case have them changed.
The tyres must be replaced with other
tyres of the type and model recommended by the manufacturer, see p. 105
(TECHNICAL DATA); the use of tyres
different from those prescribed may adversely affect the manoeuvrability of the
vehicle.
Do not install tyres with air tube on rims
for tubeless tyres and viceversa.
Make sure that the inflation valves (2)
always have their sealing caps on, to
prevent the tyres from suddenly going
flat.
Change, repair, maintenance and balancing operations are very important
and therefore they must be performed
by qualified technicians with appropriate tools.
aWARNING
For this reason, it is advisable to have
the above mentioned operations carried
out by an APRILIA Official Dealer or by a
qualified tyre repairer.
If the tyres are new, they may still be
covered with a slippery film: drive carefully for the first miles. Do not oil the
tyres with unsuitable fluids. If the tyres
%.').% /),
aWARNING
Engine oil may cause serious damage
to the skin if handled daily and for long
periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF THE OIL IN THE
ENVIRONMENT.
are old, even if not completely worn out,
they may become hard and may not ensure good road holding.
In this case, replace them.
MINIMUM TREAD DEPTH LIMIT (3):
front and rear 2 mm and in any case not
less than prescribed by the regulations in
force in the country where the vehicle is
used.
Put it in a sealed container and take it to
the filling station where you usually buy
it or to an oil salvage center.
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
aCAUTION
If the engine oil pressure warning light
LED “.” comes on during the normal
operation of the engine, this means that
the engine oil pressure in the circuit is
insufficient.
In this case, check the engine oil level,
see p. 63 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL AND TOPPING UP); if the level
isn’t correct, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
aCAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not spill the oil!
Take care not to smear any component,
the area in which you are working and
the surrounding area. Carefully remove
any trace of oil.
In case of leakages or malfunctions,
contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Periodically check the engine oil level, see
p. 63 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
For the engine oil change, see p. 60 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART)
and p. 64 (CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL
AND THE OIL FILTER).
NOTE Use high-quality 15W – 50 oil,
see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
41
!$*534).' 4(% &2/.4 "2!+%
#/.42/, ,%6%2 !.$ 4(%
#,54#( #/.42/, ,%6%2
It is possible to adjust the distance between the lever (1) end and the grip (2), by
rotating the adjuster (3).
The positions “1” and “4” correspond to an
approximate distance of 105 and 85 mm,
respectively, between the lever end and
the grip.
The positions “2” and “3” correspond to intermediate distances.
~Push the control lever (1) forward and
rotate the adjuster (3) until the desired
number is positioned in correspondence
with the reference arrow.
42
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
!$*534).' 4(% 2%!2 "2!+%
#/.42/, ,%6%2 #,%!2!.#%
The brake control lever is positioned ergonomically during the assembly of the vehicle.
If necessary, it is possible to adjust the
brake control lever clearance:
◆ Loosen the lock nut (4).
◆ Screw the brake adjuster (5) completely.
◆ Screw the lock nut (6) completely on the
pump control rod (7).
◆ Screw the pump control rod (7) completely, then unscrew it by giving 3 – 4
turns.
◆ Screw the brake adjuster (5) until the
brake pedal reaches the desired height.
◆ Lock the brake adjuster (5) by means of
the lock nut (4).
◆ Unscrew the pump control rod (7) and
bring it in contact with the pump piston.
◆ Screw the rod in order to ensure a minimum clearance of 0.5 – 1 mm between
the pump control rod (7) and the pump
piston.
aCAUTION
Make sure that there is a certain idle
stroke in the movement of the lever (8),
to prevent the brake from remaining applied and the consequent untimely wear
of the braking elements.
Lever (8) idle stroke: 4 mm (measured
at the lever end).
◆ Lock the pump control rod (7) by means
of the lock nut (6).
aCAUTION
After the adjustment, make sure that the
wheel rotates freely with released
brake.
Check the braking efficiency.
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
!54/-!4)# ,)'(4 37)4#().'
6%23)/. e
The vehicles provided with this device can
be immediately recognized, since the lights
come automatically on as soon as the ignition switch is turned to position “2”.
For this reason, no light switch is provided.
The lights can be switched off only by turning the ignition switch to position “1”.
Before starting the vehicle, make sure that
the dimmer switch is in position “8” (front
low beam).
!$*534).' 4(% 3()&4).' ,%6%2
It is possible to adjust the position of the
shifting lever by means of the rod (1), proceeding as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Lower the side stand (2), to facilitate the
operations.
◆ Loosen the nuts (3) and (4).
◆ Rotate the rod and adjust the shifting lever height.
◆ Tighten the nuts (3) and (4).
#!4!,94)# 3),%.#%2 o
aWARNING
Avoid parking the vehicle catalytic version near dry brush wood or in places
easily accessible to children, as the catalytic silencer becomes extremely hot
during use; be very careful and avoid
any kind of contact before it has completely cooled down.
The catalytic vehicle is fitted with a silencer
with metal catalytic converter of the “platinum-rhodium bivalent” type.
This device provides for the oxidation of
the CO (carbon monoxide) and of the HC
(unburned hydrocarbons) contained in the
exhaust gases, changing them into carbon
dioxide and steam, respectively.
aCAUTION
Do not use leaded petrol, since it causes the destruction of the catalytic converter.
%8(!534 3),%.#%2%8(!534
4%2-).!,
aWARNING
Tampering with the noise control system is prohibited.
Owners are warned that the law may prohibit:
– the removal or rendering inoperative by
any person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of
any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle – for the purpose of noise control – prior to its sale or
delivery to the ultimate purchaser or
while it is in use;
– the use of the vehicle after such device
or element of design has been removed
or rendered inoperative by any person.
Check the exhaust silencer and the silencer pipes, making sure that there are neither
signs of rust, nor holes and that the exhaust system works effectively.
If the noise produced by the exhaust system increases, immediately contact your
aprilia Official Dealer.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
43
).3425#4)/.3 &/2 53%
'%44).' /. !.$ /&& 4(%
6%()#,%
The instructions below must be followed
with the maximum care in order to avoid
any injury to persons and damage to property and to the vehicle, caused by the falling of the rider or the passenger from the
vehicle and/or the falling or overturning of
the vehicle itself.
aWARNING
Risk of falling and overturning.
Proceed with care.
The operations and movements required to
get on and off the vehicle must be performed with complete freedom of movement and with the hands free from obstruction caused by holding objects, the helmet,
gloves or glasses.
44
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
The vehicle is provided with two stands:
centre stand and side stand.
aCAUTION
Do not start the engine with the vehicle
positioned on the centre stand. Engaging the gears may make you lose control of the vehicle.
Do not get on or let the passenger get
on the vehicle if this is positioned on
the centre stand.
It is forbidden to position the vehicle on
the centre stand while seated astride
the vehicle in riding position.
Get on and off the vehicle only from the left
side and always with extended side stand.
aCAUTION
Do not apply the load of your weight or
of the passenger’s weight onto the side
stand.
The stand has been designed to support
the weight of the vehicle and a minimum
load, without the rider and the passenger.
Getting on the vehicle into the riding position with extended side stand is permitted
only for the purpose of preventing the vehicle from falling or overturning and does not
envision the loading of the weight of the
rider and passenger onto the side stand.
While getting on and off, the weight of the
vehicle may cause an unbalance and the
consequent loss of equilibrium, and the vehicle may fall or overturn.
NOTE The rider must always be the first
person to get on the vehicle and the last to
get off and it is the rider who controls the
balance and stability of the vehicle when
the passenger gets on and off.
When getting on and off the vehicle, the
passenger must make careful movements,
in order to maintain the balance of the vehicle and the rider.
NOTE The rider is responsible for instructing the passenger how to safely get
on and off the vehicle.
The vehicle is equipped with special passenger footrests to make it easier to get on
and off the vehicle. The passenger must always use the left footrest to get on and off
the vehicle.
Neither get off, nor try to get off the vehicle
by jumping or stretching your leg down to
the ground. In both cases this would compromise the stability and balance of the vehicle.
NOTE Bags or objects strapped to the
rear of the vehicle can represent an obstacle while getting on and off.
In any case, perform a controlled movement with your right leg, which must avoid
striking and safely pass the rear part of the
fairing or the luggage without creating unbalance.
GETTING ON THE VEHICLE
◆ Grasp the handlebar correctly and get on
the vehicle without loading your weight
onto the side stand.
NOTE If it is impossible for you to place
both feet on the ground, place the right foot
on the ground (in case of unbalance, the
left side of the vehicle is prevented from
falling over by the side stand) and keep the
left foot ready to rest on the ground.
◆ Place both feet on the ground and
straighten the vehicle into riding position
while keeping it in balance.
NOTE
◆ Place both feet on the ground, keeping
the vehicle in balance in riding position.
◆ Instruct the passenger how to safely get
off the vehicle.
aCAUTION
The rider must not extract or attempt to extract the passenger footrest
while seated astride the vehicle, because
this might compromise the stability and balance of the vehicle.
Risk of falling and overturning.
Make sure that the passenger has got
off the vehicle.
Do not load your weight onto the side
stand.
◆ Have the passenger extract the two pas-
◆ Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
senger footrests.
◆ Instruct the passenger how to safely get
on the vehicle.
◆ Kick the side stand completely back using your left foot.
GETTING OFF THE VEHICLE
◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p.
55 (PARKING).
◆ Stop the vehicle, see p. 55 (STOPPING).
on the ground.
◆ Grasp the handlebar correctly and get off
the vehicle.
◆ Rotate the handlebar completely left-
wards.
◆ Lift the passenger footrests.
aCAUTION
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
aWARNING
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
◆ With the left shoe heel, extend the side
stand completely by acting on the appropriate lever.
NOTE If it is impossible for you to place
both feet on the ground, place the right foot
on the ground (in case of unbalance, the
left side of the vehicle is prevented from
falling over by the side stand) and keep the
left foot ready to rest on the ground.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
45
02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).'
/0%2!4)/.3
aWARNING
Before departure, always carry out a
preliminary checking of the vehicle to
make sure that it functions correctly
and safely, see the following table (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS).
The non-performance of these checking
operations can cause severe personal
injuries or damages to the vehicle.
Do not hesitate to consult your aprilia Official Dealer in case there is something you
do not understand about the functioning of
some controls or in case you suspect or
discover some irregularities.
It does not take long to carry out a checkup and this operation ensures you much
more safety.
NOTE
46
This vehicle is set so that any
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
anomaly can be detected in real time and
stored by the electronic unit.
Whenever the ignition switch is turned to
position “2”, the diagnostic warning light
LED “EFI” (1) comes on on the dashboard
for approximately three seconds.
aCAUTION
If the diagnostic warning light LED
“EFI” (1) comes on and blinks when the
engine is started or starts blinking during the normal operation of the engine,
this means that the electronic unit has
detected an anomaly.
In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels;
immediately contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
aCAUTION
After the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi), the
writing “SERVICE” (2) appears on the
right display.
In this case contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer, who will carry out the operations indicated in the regular service intervals chart, see p. 60 (REGULAR
SERVICE INTERVALS CHART).
02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).' /0%2!4)/.3
Component
Check
Page
Front and rear disc
brakes
Check the functioning, the idle stroke of the control levers, the fluid level and make
sure there are no leaks.
Check the wear of the pads.
If necessary, top up the fluid tank.
30 (BRAKE FLUID - recommendations), 31
(DISC BRAKES), 32 (FRONT BRAKE), 34
(REAR BRAKE), 84 (CHECKING THE
BRAKE PAD WEAR)
Accelerator
Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible to open and close it completely, in all steering positions. If necessary, adjust and/or lubricate it.
85 (ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR
CONTROL)
Engine oil
Check and/or top up if necessary.
Wheel/tyres
Check the tyre surface, the inflation pressure, wear and tear and any damage.
Remove any foreign matter that may be stuck in the tread grooves.
Brake levers
Make sure that they work smoothly.
Lubricate the articulations and adjust the stroke if necessary.
Clutch
Check the operation of the clutch, the idle stroke of the control lever, the fluid level
35 (CLUTCH FLUID - recommendations), 36
and any leaks.
(CLUTCH)
If necessary, top up the fluid; the clutch must operate without jerking and/or slipping.
41 (ENGINE OIL), 63 (CHECKING THE
ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP)
40 (TYRES)
42 (ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER CLEARANCE)
Steering
Make sure that the steering rotates smoothly, without any clearance or slackening.
Side stand and
centre stand
Make sure that it operates correctly. Make sure that when the stand is let lifted or
lowered there is no friction and that the spring tension brings it back to its normal
position.
If necessary, lubricate joints and hinges.
Make sure that the safety switch operates correctly.
87 (CHECKING THE STAND), 93
(CHECKING THE SWITCHES)
Fastening elements
Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose. If necessary, adjust or tighten
them.
–
Drive chain
Check the slack.
Fuel tank
Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary.
Check the circuit for leaks.
Make sure that the fuel cap is correctly closed.
Coolant
The coolant level in the expansion tank must be included between the “FULL” and
“LOW” marks.
38 (COOLANT), 39 (CHECKING AND
TOPPING UP)
Engine stop switch
(2 - 1)
Make sure that it operates correctly.
23 [ENGINE STOP SWITCH (
Lights, warning lights
LED, horn, rear
Check the proper functioning of the acoustic and visual devices. Change the bulbs or
brake light switch
intervene in case of failure.
end electric devices
–
74 (DRIVE CHAIN), 75 (CLEANING AND
LUBRICATION)
28 (FUEL), 76 (LIFTING THE FUEL TANK)
2 - 1)]
90 (BATTERY) – 100 (CHANGING THE
REAR LIGHT BULB)
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
47
◆ Move the engine stop switch (3) to posi-
tion “2”.
◆ Rotate the key (4) and move the ignition
34!24).'
aWARNING
This vehicle is considerably powerful
and must be used gradually and with
the greatest care.
Do not position any object inside the
front part of the fairing (between the
handlebar and the dashboard), in order
not to hinder the rotation of the handlebar and visibility toward the dashboard.
NOTE
Before starting the engine, carefully read chapter “safe drive”, see p. 5
(SAFE DRIVE).
aWARNING
Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is extremely noxious if inhaled.
Avoid starting the engine in closed or
badly-ventilated rooms.
48
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
The non-observance of this warning
may cause loss of consciousness or
even lead to death by asphyxia.
NOTE With the side stand lowered, the
engine can be started only if the gears are
in neutral; in this case, if you try to engage
the gears, the engine stops.
With the side stand lifted, it is possible to
start the engine either in neutral gear or
with engaged gears and pulled in clutch lever.
◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see
p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
◆ Make sure that the stand is completely
lifted.
◆ Not provided for e. Make sure that
the light switch (1) is in position “•”.
◆ Make sure that the dimmer switch (2) is
in position “8”.
switch to position “2”.
At this point the following lights come on
on the dashboard within three seconds:
– all the warning lights LED;
– all the dashboard lighting LEDs;
– all the segments on the left display;
– all the segments and writings on the
right multifunction display;
– the pointers of the indicators move to the
bottom of the indicator range;
thus testing the operation of LEDs, writings, segments and instruments.
The fuel pump will pressurize the fuel supply circuit, sending out a hum for about
three seconds.
After three seconds, the engine oil pressure warning light LED “.” (5) remains
on on the dashboard (and will remain on
until the engine is started) and the following will appear on the displays:
– total number of kilometres covered (6);
– fuel quantity (7);
– coolant temperature (8) [up to 35 °C (95
°F) the writing “---” is displayed];
– hour and minutes (9).
aCAUTION
If the low fuel warning light LED “-” (10)
comes on on the dashboard, provide for
topping up as soon as possible, see p.
28 (FUEL).
◆ Operate the front brake lever completely.
◆ Pull the clutch lever (11) completely and
shift the gearbox lever (12) into neutral
[green warning light LED “/” (13) on].
NOTE If the room temperature is low
(near to or lower than 0 °C – 32 °F), see p.
50 (STARTING WITH COLD ENGINE).
aCAUTION
To avoid excessive consumption of the
battery, do not keep the start push button “+” pressed for more than fifteen
seconds.
If the engine does not start in this lapse
of time, wait ten seconds and press the
start push button “+” again.
◆ Press the start push button “+” (14) with-
aCAUTION
Avoid pressing the start push button
“+” (14) when the engine is running,
since you may damage the starter.
If the engine oil pressure warning light
LED “.” (5) remains on, or if it comes
on during the normal operation of the
engine, this means that the oil pressure
in the circuit is insufficient.
In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
◆ Keep at least one brake lever pulled and
do not accelerate until you start.
aCAUTION
Never leave abruptly with cold engine.
To reduce the emission of polluting
substances and the consumption of fuel, warm the engine up by proceeding at
low speed for the first miles.
aCAUTION
If the diagnostic warning light LED
“EFI” on the dashboard starts blinking
during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the electronic unit
has detected an anomaly.
In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels;
immediately contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
out accelerating and release it as soon
as the engine starts.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
49
STARTING WITH COLD ENGINE
When the room temperature is low (about
0 °C / 32 °F), it may be difficult to start the
engine at the first attempt.
In this case:
◆ Insist for at least ten seconds with the
start push button “+” (14) pressed and at
the same time moderately rotate the
throttle grip (15).
50
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
If the engine starts.
◆ Release the start push button “+” (14)
and the throttle grip (15).
◆ If the idling is unstable, twist the throttle
grip (15) slightly and frequently.
If the engine does not start.
Wait a few seconds and repeat the cold
START PROCEDURE.
$%0!2452% !.$ $2)6%
aWARNING
This vehicle is considerably powerful
and must be used gradually and with
the greatest care.
Do not position any object inside the
front part of the fairing (between the handlebar and the dashboard), in order not
to hinder the rotation of the handlebar
and visibility toward the dashboard.
NOTE Before departure, carefully read
the “safe drive” chapter, see p. 5 (SAFE
DRIVE).
aCAUTION
If the low fuel warning light LED “-” (1)
comes on on the dashboard while the
vehicle is running, this means that the
quantity of fuel left in the tank amounts
to 4.5 ± 1 L.
Provide for topping up as soon as possible, see p. 28 (FUEL).
aWARNING
If you drive without passenger, make
sure that the passenger footrests are
folded.
While riding, keep your hands on the
grips and your feet on the footrests.
NEVER RIDE IN ANY POSITION OTHER
THAN THOSE INDICATED.
aWARNING
If you drive with a passenger, instruct
him/her so that he/she does not create
problems during manouvres.
Before leaving, make sure that the
stand is completely lifted.
To leave:
◆ Start the engine, see p. 48 (STARTING).
◆ Adjust the inclination of the rear-view
mirrors correctly, see p. 86 (REAR-VIEW
MIRRORS).
aCAUTION
With the vehicle at rest, try to get acquainted with the use of the rear-view
mirrors. The reflecting surface is convex, therefore the objects seem to be
farther away than they actually are.
These mirrors offer a “wide-angle” view
and only experience will allow you to
evaluate the distance of the following
vehicles correctly.
◆ With released throttle grip (2) (Pos.A)
and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (3)
completely.
◆ Engage the first gear, by pushing the
gear lever (4) downwards.
◆ Release the brake lever (pulled on the
starting).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
51
A
2
&
6a
5a
4a
3a
2a
5
4
3
6 7 8
5
In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
4
3
aWARNING
aCAUTION
aCAUTION
On departure, the abrupt release of the
clutch lever may cause the engine to
stall or the vehicle to jerk forwards.
Never exceed the recommended rpm,
see p. 54 (RUNNING-IN).
Never accelerate abruptly or excessively when releasing the clutch lever, in order to prevent the clutch from “slipping” (slow release) or the front wheel
from raising “rearing up” (quick release).
the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B), without exceeding the recommended rpm, see p.
54 (RUNNING-IN).
◆ Slowly release the clutch lever (3) and at
the same time accelerate by slightly turning the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B).
The vehicle will start moving.
◆ Ride at reduced speed for the first miles,
in order to warm the engine up.
52
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
If the engine oil pressure warning light
LED “.” (5) comes on during the normal operation of the engine, this means
that the engine oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient.
◆ Increase the speed by gradually rotating
To engage the second gear:
aCAUTION
Proceed quickly.
Never ride the vehicle at too low rpm.
◆ Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A), pull
the clutch lever (3) and lift the shifting lever (4). Release the clutch lever (3) and
accelerate.
◆ Repeat the last two operations and shift
up.
The downshifting should be carried out
in the following situations:
◆ When riding downhill or when braking, in
order to increase the braking action by
using the compression of the engine.
◆ When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is
not suitable to the speed (high gear,
moderate speed) and the engine rpm decreases.
aCAUTION
Shift the gears one by one; the simultaneous downshifting of more than one
gear may make you exceed the maximum rpm (red line).
Before and during the downshifting, release the throttle grip and decelerate, in
order to avoid the “red line”.
(COOLANT).
If the situation on the dashboard remains the same after the coolant level
has been checked, do not start the vehicle and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer.
Do not turn the ignition switch to position “1”, since the cooling fans would
stop independently of the coolant temperature and in this case the temperature would increase further.
To shift down, proceed as follows:
◆ Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A).
◆ If necessary, pull the brake levers moderately and decrease the speed of the
vehicle.
◆ Pull the clutch lever (3) and lower the
shifting lever (4) to shift down.
◆ If the brake levers are pulled, release
them.
◆ Release the clutch lever and accelerate
moderately.
aCAUTION
If a temperature of 126 – 135 °C (259 –
275 °F) is displayed on the right side of
the multifunction display and the last
two segments of the indicator range
blink, stop the vehicle and let the engine idle for approximately two minutes,
thus allowing the coolant to circulate
regularly in the system; then, press the
engine stop switch to position “1” and
check the coolant level, see p. 38
If the diagnostic warning light LED
“EFI” on the dashboard starts blinking
during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the electronic unit
has detected an anomaly.
In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels;
immediately contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
To avoid the overheating of the clutch,
keep the engine running with vehicle at
rest, engaged gears and pulled clutch
lever for the shortest possible time.
aWARNING
Avoid opening and closing the throttle
grip repeatedly and continuously, so
that you do not accidentally lose control
of the vehicle. If you have to brake,
close the throttle and put on both
brakes in order to obtain uniform deceleration, properly exerting pressure on
the braking parts.
By putting on the front brake only or the
rear brake only, you reduce the braking
force considerably, thus running the
risk of locking one wheel and consequently losing grip.
If you stop uphill, decelerate completely
and use the brakes only to keep the vehicle steady.
The use of the engine to keep the vehicle steady may cause the overheating of
the clutch.
Before beginning to turn, slow down or
brake driving at moderate and constant
speed or accelerating slightly; avoid
braking at the last moment: it would be
very easy to skid.
If the brakes are operated continuously
on downhill stretches, the friction surfaces may overheat, thus reducing the
braking efficiency. Exploit the engine
compression and shift down by putting
on both brakes intermittently.
Never drive downhill with the engine
off!
When visibility is insufficient, switch on
the low beam even during the day, in order to make your vehicle more visible.
In case of wet ground or scarce wheel
grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), drive slowly,
avoiding sudden brakings or manoeuvres that could make you lose grip and
fall down.
aWARNING
Pay the utmost attention to any obstacle or variation of the ground.
Uneven roads, rails, manhole covers,
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
53
indications painted on the road surface,
building site metal plates become rather
slippery by rain. For this reason all
these obstacles have to be carefully
avoided, driving smoothly and leaning
the vehicle as little as possible.
Always use the turn indicators in time
when you intend to change lane or direction, avoiding sharp and dangerous
movements.
Switch off the direction indicators as
soon as you have changed direction.
Be extremely careful when you overtake
other vehicles or are overtaken.
In case of rain, the water cloud created
by big vehicles reduces visibility; the
air shift may make you lose control of
the vehicle.
25..).').
The running-in of the engine is essential to
ensure its duration and correct functioning.
If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or
roads with many bends, so that the engine,
the suspensions and the brakes undergo a
more effective running-in.
During running-in, change speed.
In this way the components are first “loaded” and then “relieved” and the engine
parts can thus cool down.
Even if it is important to stress the engine
components during running-in, take care
not to exceed.
NOTE Only after the first 1500 km (937
mi) of running-in you can expect the best
performance levels from the vehicle.
Keep to the following indications:
◆ Do not open the throttle completely if the
speed is low, both during and after the
running-in.
◆ During the first 100 km (62 mi) put on the
brakes with caution, avoiding sharp and
prolonged brakings. This ensures a correct bedding-in of the pads on the brake
disc.
◆ During the first 1000 km (625 mi) never
exceed 6000 rpm.
aWARNING
After the first 1000 km (625 mi), have an
APRILIA Official Dealer carry out the
checks indicated in the column “After
54
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
running-in” of the regular service intervals chart, see p. 60 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART), in order to
avoid hurting yourself or other people
and/or damaging the vehicle.
◆ Between the first 1000 (625 mi) and
1500 km (937 mi) drive more briskly,
change speed and use the maximum acceleration only for a few seconds, in order to ensure better coupling of the components; never exceed 7500 rpm (see
table).
◆ After the first 1500 km (937 mi) you can
expect better performance from the engine, however, without exceeding the
maximum allowed (10500 rpm).
Engine maximum rpm recommended
Mileage km (mi)
rpm
0 – 1000 (0 – 625)
6000
1000 – 1500 (625 – 937)
7500
over 1500 (937)
10500
aWARNING
The fall or excessive inclination of the
vehicle may cause the fuel to flow out of
the tank.
The fuel used for internal combustion
engines is extremely inflammable and
in particular conditions it can become
explosive.
aCAUTION
34/00).'
aWARNING
If possible, avoid stopping abruptly,
slowing down suddenly and braking at
the last moment.
◆ Release the throttle grip (1) (Pos.A),
gradually put on the brakes and at the
same time shift down in order to decrease the speed, see p. 51 (DEPARTURE AND DRIVE).
Once the speed has decreased, before
stopping the vehicle:
◆ Pull the clutch lever (2) in order to prevent the stopping of the engine.
When the vehicle has come to rest:
◆ Shift the gear lever to neutral (green
warning light LED “/” on).
◆ Release the clutch lever (2).
◆ In case of a brief stop, keep at least one
Do not apply the load of your weight or
of the passenger’s weight onto the side
stand.
0!2+).'
It is very important to choose a suitable
parking area, respecting the road signs and
the indications given below.
aWARNING
Park the vehicle on firm and flat ground,
to prevent it from falling down.
Neither lean the vehicle against walls,
nor lay it on the ground.
Make sure that the vehicle and especially its red-hot parts do not represent a
danger for persons and children. Do
not leave the vehicle unattended when
the engine is on or the key is inserted
into the ignition switch.
Do not get too near the cooling fans
even if they are still, since they may
start moving and suck clothes edges,
hair, etc.
To park the vehicle:
◆ Choose a suitable parking area.
◆ Stop the vehicle, see p. 55 (STOPPING).
◆ Move the engine stop switch (3) to position “1”.
◆ Rotate the key (4) and move the ignition
switch (5) to position “1”.
aWARNING
When getting on or off the vehicle, keep
to the instructions given, see p. 44
(GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
◆ Following the indications, wait until the
passenger has got off the vehicle before
dismounting.
◆ Lock the steering, see p. 25 (STEERING
LOCK) and extract the key.
brake on.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
55
aWARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
The vehicle is provided with front and rear
parking lights. Even if it is always advisable
to park the vehicle in the appropriate parking areas and in any case in illuminated
places, the parking lights are very useful
when it is necessary to park the vehicle in a
dark or badly illuminated area, or in any
case when the vehicle must be visible.
To switch on the parking lights, see p. 25
(PARKING LIGHTS).
0/3)4)/.).' 4(% 6%()#,% /.
4(% 34!.$
on the ground.
SIDE STAND
To place the vehicle on the side stand
while seated astride the vehicle, see p. 44
(GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
If any manoeuvre (for example, moving the
vehicle) required the lifting of the stand, to
place the vehicle on the stand again, proceed as follows:
aWARNING
◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p.
55 (PARKING).
◆ Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
and extend it completely (3).
◆ Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
56
◆ Press the side stand with your right foot
◆ Steer the handlebar completely left-
wards.
aWARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
A
4
C
4
A
CENTRE STAND
aWARNING
It is forbidden to position the vehicle on
the centre stand while seated astride
the vehicle in riding position.
aWARNING
Make sure that the parking surface is
free from obstacles, firm and flat.
◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p.
55 (PARKING).
◆ Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2).
aCAUTION
NOTE Do not let the side stand touch
the ground. Keep the vehicle in vertical position.
◆ Press the side stand with your right foot
and extend it completely (3).
◆ Push down the lever (4) of the centre
stand (Pos.A) and rest it on the ground.
aCAUTION
B
B
◆ Load your weight on the lever (4)
(Pos.B) of the centre stand and at the
same time move your centre of gravity
towards the rear part of the (Pos.C) vehicle.
aWARNING
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
◆ Let the side stand lifted.
Proceed with care.
The positioning of the vehicle on the
centre stand may be difficult, since the
vehicle is very heavy. Release the grip
(1) and the handle (2) only after positioning the vehicle on the stand.
The lowering of the side stand is suggested, for safety reasons, in order to
prevent the vehicle from falling down or
overturning in case of unbalance.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
57
PU
SH
-!).4%.!.#%
35''%34)/.3 4/ 02%6%.4
4(%&4
NEVER leave the ignition key (1) inserted
and always use the steering lock “&”.
Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in
a garage or a protected place.
When possible, use an additional anti-theft
device.
Make sure that all documents are in order
and the road tax has been paid.
Write down your personal data and telephone number in this page, to facilitate the
identification of the owner in case of finding
after theft.
SURNAME: ...............................................
NAME: ......................................................
ADDRESS: ...............................................
...................................................................
TELEPHONE NO.: ...................................
NOTE Very often stolen vehicles are
identified thanks to the data written in the
use/maintenance manual.
58
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
Carefully read p. 2 (SAFETY WARNINGS), (TECHNICAL INFORMATION)
and (WARNINGS - PRECAUTIONS GENERAL ADVICE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components.
Before beginning any service operations or inspection of the vehicle,
switch off the engine and remove the
key, wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled down and, if
possible, lift the vehicles with the proper equipment onto firm and flat ground.
aWARNING
Before proceeding, make sure that the
room in which you are working is properly ventilated.
Keep away from the red-hot parts of the
engine and of the exhaust system, in order to avoid burns.
Do not hold any mechanical piece or
other parts of the vehicle with your
mouth: the components are not edible
and some of them are noxious or even
toxic.
aCAUTION
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for
the reassembly of the units repeat the
disassembly operations in reverse order.
In case any maintenance operation
should be required, it is advisable to
use latex gloves.
Routine maintenance operations can usually be carried out by the user, but sometimes specific tools and specific technical
skills may be required.
In case periodic maintenance operations,
assistance or technical advice are needed,
contact an aprilia Official Dealer, who will
ensure you prompt and accurate servicing.
Ask your aprilia Official Dealer to test the
vehicle on the road after a repair or periodic maintenance operation.
In any case, personally carry out the “Preliminary checking operations” after any
maintenance operation, see p. 47 (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS).
NOTE This vehicle is set so that any
anomaly can be detected in real time and
stored by the electronic unit.
Whenever the ignition switch is turned to
position “2”, the diagnostic warning light
LED “EFI” (1) comes on on the dashboard
for approximately three seconds.
aCAUTION
If the diagnostic warning light LED
“EFI” (1) comes on and blinks when the
engine is started or starts blinking during the normal operation of the engine,
this means that the electronic unit has
detected an anomaly.
In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels;
immediately contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
aCAUTION
After the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi), the
writing “SERVICE” (2) appears on the
right display.
In this case contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer, who will carry out the operations indicated in the regular service intervals chart, see p. 60 (REGULAR
SERVICE INTERVALS CHART).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
59
2%'5,!2 3%26)#% ).4%26!,3
#(!24
OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY
THE APRILIA Official Dealer (WHICH
CAN BE CARRIED OUT EVEN BY THE
USER).
Key
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or
change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE
Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle
is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven
surfaces or on racetracks.
(*) = In case of use on racetracks, change
every 3750 km (2343 mi).
(**) = Check every two weeks or according to the intervals indicated.
After running-in
[1000 km
(625 mi)]
Every 7500
km (4687 mi)
or 12 months
Every
15000 km
(9375 mi)
or 24 months
Spark plugs (*)
–
Air cleaner
–
Engine oil filter (*)
–
Engine oil filter (on oil tank)
–
Fork
–
Light operation/direction
–
–
–
Clutch fluid
–
–
Brake fluid
–
–
Component
Light system
Safety switches
Coolant
–
–
Engine oil
(*)
–
Tyres
every 1000 km (625 mi): Tyre pressure (**)
every 1000 km (625 mi): at every start: Engine oil pressure warning light LED
every 1000 km (625 mi): Drive chain tension and lubrication
Brake pad wear
60
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
before every trip and every
2000 km (1250 mi): OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY
THE APRILIA Official Dealer
Key
= check and clean, adjust, lubricate or
change, if necessary;
= clean;
= change;
= adjust.
NOTE Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle
is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven
surfaces or on racetracks.
(*) = In case of use on race tracks, check
every 3750 km (2343 mi).
Component
After running- Every 7500 km
in [1000 km (4687 mi) or 12
(625 mi)]
months
Every
15000 km
(9375 mi)
or 24 months
–
–
Transmission cables and controls
Rear suspension linkage bearings
–
–
Rear shock absorber
Steering bearings and steering clearance
Wheel bearings
–
Brake discs
Braking systems
Cooling system
–
General running of the vehicle
Adjusting the valve clearance
Throttle body pin greasing
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Clutch fluid
Brake fluid
every 2 years:
Coolant
Fork oil
Fork oil seals
after the first 7500 km (4687 mi) and successively
every 22500 km (14000 mi):
after the first 30000 km (18750 mi) and
successively every 22500 km (14000 mi):
Brake pads
if worn:
Suspensions and attitude
Final transmission (chain, crown and pinion)
–
Fuel pipes
–
Clutch wear (*)
–
Wheel/Tyres
Nut, bolt, screw tightening
Cylinder synchronization
–
–
–
–
every 4 years:
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
61
)$%.4)&)#!4)/. $!4!
It is a good rule to write down the frame
and engine numbers in the space provided
in this manual.
The frame number can be used for the purchase of spare parts.
NOTE
Do not alter the identification
numbers if you do not want to incur severe
penal and administrative sanctions. In particular, the alteration of the frame number
results in the immediate invalidity of the
guarantee.
62
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number is stamped on the right
side of the steering column.
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number is stamped on the rear
part of the engine, near the pinion.
Frame no.
Engine no.
#(%#+).' 4(% %.').% /),
,%6%, !.$ 4/00).' 50
Carefully read p. 41 (ENGINE OIL) and p.
58 (MAINTENANCE).
Periodically check the engine oil level,
change the oil after the first 1000 km (625
mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687
mi) or 12 months, see p. 64 (CHANGING
THE ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL FILTER).
In case of use on racetracks, change the
engine oil every 3750 km (2343 mi).
For the check, proceed as follows:
aCAUTION
The engine oil level must be checked
with warm engine.
If the check is carried out with cold engine, the oil level may temporarily lower
below the “MIN” mark.
This is not a problem, provided that the
engine oil pressure warning light LED
“.” does not come on, see p. 16 (INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE).
NOTE
To warm the engine and have the
engine oil reach the operating temperature,
do not let the engine idle with the vehicle at
rest. According to the correct procedure, it
is advisable to carry out the check after a
trip of after covering approximately 15 km
(10 mi) on a road outside town (this is sufficient for the engine oil to reach the operating temperature).
◆ Stop the engine, see p. 55 (STOPPING).
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
◆ Check the oil level in the transparent
pipe (1) through the appropriate slot provided on the left fairing.
MAX = maximum level
MIN = minimum level.
The difference between “MAX” and “MIN”
amounts to approximately 500 cm#.
◆ The level is correct when the oil almost
reaches the “MAX” mark.
aCAUTION
Never exceed the “MAX” mark, nor
leave the oil below the “MIN” mark, in
order to avoid serious damage to the
engine.
If necessary, top up the engine oil by proceeding as follows:
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (2).
◆ Remove the cover (3).
◆ Unscrew and remove the filling cap (4).
aCAUTION
Do not put additives or other substances into the oil.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE Use high-quality 15W – 50 oil,
see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
◆ Top up the tank and restore the correct
level, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
63
#(!.').' 4(% %.').% /), !.$
4(% /), &),4%2
aCAUTION
The engine oil and the oil filter change
operations may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 41 (ENGINE OIL) and p.
58 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Periodically check the engine oil level, see
p. 63 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP) change the oil after
the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively
every 7500 km (4687 mi) or 12 months.
Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer
cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
aCAUTION
To change, proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the left fairing, see p. 77 (REMOVE THE LEFT FAIRING).
◆ Remove the left lower fairing, see p. 77
(REMOVING THE LEFT LOWER FAIRING).
◆ Position a container (1) with more than
4000 cm# capacity in correspondence
with the drain plug (2) positioned on the
tank.
◆ Unscrew and remove the drain plug (2)
positioned on the tank.
◆ Unscrew and remove the filling cap (3).
In case of use on racetracks, change
every 3750 km (2343 mi).
If the vehicle is used in dusty areas,
change the oil more frequently.
64
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
◆ Drain the oil and let it drip into the con-
tainer (1) for a few minutes.
◆ Check and if necessary replace the seal-
ing washer of the drain plug (2) positioned on the tank.
◆ Screw and tighten the drain plug (2) on
the tank.
Drain plug (2) driving torque: 15 Nm
(1.5 Kgm).
◆ Move the container (1) and position it under the engine base, in correspondence
with the drain plug positioned on the engine (4).
◆ Unscrew and remove the drain plug positioned on the engine (4).
◆ Drain the oil and let it drip into the container (1) for a few minutes.
aCAUTION
Do not dispose of the oil in the environment. Put it in a sealed container and
take it to the filling station where you
usually buy it or to an oil salvage center.
◆ Remove the metal residues from the
drain plug (4) magnet.
◆ Screw and tighten the drain plug (4).
Driving torque of the drain plug (4) positioned on the engine: 12 Nm (1.2 kgm).
◆ Clean the parts dirty with oil with a cloth.
CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL FILTER
Change the engine oil filter after the
first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively
every 7500 km (4687 mi) or 12 months
(on each engine oil change).
◆ Unscrew the two screws (5) and remove
the cover (6).
◆ Remove the engine oil filter (7).
CLEANING THE ENGINE OIL FILTER ON
THE TANK
Clean the engine oil filter (9) on the tank
after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 15000 km (9375 mi) (or
every two engine oil changes).
NOTE Prepare
a screwdriver-type pipe
clamp (10) to replace the original one (special type).
aCAUTION
◆ Loosen the clamp (11) and disconnect
Do not use filters that have already
been used.
◆ Unscrew the engine oil filter (9) posi-
◆ Spread an oil film on the sealing ring (8)
of the new engine oil filter.
◆ Fit the new engine oil filter.
◆ Put back the cover (6), screw and tighten
the pipe (12).
tioned on the tank.
NOTE To withdraw the engine oil filter it
is necessary to remove the engine oil tank
partially.
the two screws (5).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
65
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws
(13).
◆ Partially remove the engine oil tank (14)
towards the outside.
◆ Pull the engine oil filter (9) and clean it
with a jet of compressed air.
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly, make sure that the
coupling (15) of the engine oil filter (9) is
directed towards the outside.
The pipe (12) must not be in contact
with the drain compensator (16).
◆ Check the seal of the engine oil filter (9)
positioned on the tank; screw and tighten
it.
Engine oil filter (9) driving torque: 30
Nm (3.0 kgm).
◆ Screw the two screws (13).
◆ Connect the pipe (12) and tighten the
new clamp (10).
66
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
aCAUTION
Do not put additives or other substances into the oil.
If you use a funnel or other similar
items, make sure that they are perfectly
clean.
NOTE Use high-quality 15W – 50 oil,
see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
◆ Pour about 3500 cm# of engine oil
through the filling opening (17), see p.
109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
◆ Tighten the filling cap (3).
◆ Put back the left lower fairing, see p. 77
(REMOVING THE LEFT LOWER FAIRING).
◆ Put back the left fairing, see p. 77 (REMOVE THE LEFT FAIRING).
◆ Start the engine, see p. 48 (STARTING)
and let it idle for about one minute, in order to ensure the filling up of the engine
oil circuit.
◆ Check the oil level and top up if neces-
sary, see p. 63 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
!)2 #,%!.%2
Check the air cleaner every 7500 km (4687
mi) or 12 months, change it every 15000 km
(9375 mi) or more frequently if the vehicle is
used on dusty or wet roads.
It is possible to clean the air cleaner partially
after using the vehicle on this kind of roads.
aCAUTION
The partial cleaning of the filter does not
exclude or postpone the replacement of
the filter itself. Do not start the engine if
the air cleaner has been removed. Do
not clean the filtering element with petrol
or solvents, since they may cause a fire
in the fuel supply system, with serious
danger for the persons in the vicinity and
for the vehicle.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF POLLUTING SUBSTANCES OR COMPONENTS IN THE
ENVIRONMENT.
◆ Every 7500 km (4687 mi), remove the
plug (1), empty its content into a container and deliver it to a salvage centre.
REMOVAL
◆ Lift the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFTING
THE FUEL TANK)
◆ Unscrew and remove the seven screws
(2) that fasten the filter case cover (3).
◆ Remove the filter case cover (3).
◆ Extract the air cleaner (4).
◆ Check the conditions of the gasket (5)
and change it if it is damaged.
aCAUTION
Plug the opening with a clean cloth, in
order to prevent any foreign matter to
get ito the suction ducts.
Upon reassembly, before positioning
the filter case cover (3), make sure that
you have not left the cloth or other objects inside the filter case (6).
Make sure that the filtering element is
positioned correctly, in such a way as
to prevent non-filtered air from entering.
Remember that the untimely wear of the
piston segments and the cylinder may
be caused by a faulty or uncorrectly positioned filtering element.
PARTIAL CLEANING
CHANGING
aCAUTION
aCAUTION
Do not press or strike the metal net of
the air cleaner (4).
Do not use screwdrivers or alike.
Do not use filters that have already
been used.
◆ Seize the air cleaner (4) vertically and
◆ Replace the air cleaner (4) with a new
one of the same type.
strike it more than once on a clean surface.
◆ If necessary, clean the air cleaner (4)
with a compressed air jet (directing it
from the inside towards the outside of
the filter).
aCAUTION
When cleaning the filtering element,
make sure that there are no tears.
Otherwise, change the filtering element.
◆ Clean the outer part of the air cleaner (4)
with a clean cloth.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
67
0/3)4)/.).' 4(% 6%()#,% /.
4(% &2/.4 3500/24 34!.$ m
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Insert the two ends of the stand (1) in the
two holes (2) positioned on the lower
ends of the front fork.
◆ Rest one foot on the front part of the
stand (3).
◆ Push the stand (3) downwards until it
reaches the end of its stroke.
&2/.4 7(%%,
aCAUTION
The disassembly and reassembly of the
front wheel may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
While disassembling and reassembling
the wheel, be careful not to damage the
brake pipes, the discs and the pads.
aWARNING
Riding with damaged rims may be dangerous for the rider, other persons and
the vehicle.
68
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
Check the conditions of the wheel rim
and change it if it is damaged.
DISASSEMBLY
◆ Remove the front brake calipers, see p.
71 (FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS).
◆ Put a support (4) under the tyre, in such
a way as to keep the wheel in its position
after loosening it.
aCAUTION
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
◆ Have
someone keep the handlebar
steady in running position, so that the
steering is locked.
Wheel nut (5) driving torque: 80 Nm (8
kgm).
◆ Loosen and remove the wheel nut (5),
taking the washer (6).
Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque:
22 Nm (2.2 kgm).
4
◆ Partially unscrew the two wheel pin
REASSEMBLY
clamp screws (7) (right side).
◆ Partially unscrew the two wheel pin
clamp screws (8) (left side).
◆ Spread a film of lubricating grease on the
NOTE Take notice of the position of the
left (9) and right spacer (10), in order to be
able to reassemble them correctly.
NOTE To
facilitate the extraction of the
wheel pin, slightly raise the wheel.
◆ Push the wheel pin (11), by carefully act-
ing on the threaded end and using a rubber hammer if necessary.
◆ Support the front wheel and manually
withdraw the wheel pin (11).
◆ Remove the wheel by withdrawing it from
the front.
NOTE The left (9) and right (10) spacers
remain positioned in the respective seats
in the wheel; if they should come off or be
removed, take care to put them back correctly (see REASSEMBLY).
whole length of the wheel pin (11), see p.
109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
must be visible on the left side of the vehicle.
◆ Position the wheel between the fork rods
on the support (4).
aCAUTION
While reassembling the wheel, be careful not to damage the brake pipes, discs
and pads.
NOTE Carry out the operation described
aWARNING
Danger of injury. Do not introduce your
fingers to align the holes.
◆ Move the wheel until its central hole and
the holes on the fork are aligned.
below only if the right spacer (10) has
come off its seat.
◆ Introduce the wheel pin (11) completely
◆ Insert the spacer ring (10) with its longer
NOTE Make sure that the wheel pin (11)
diameter towards the outside of the vehicle.
aCAUTION
The arrow on the wheel hub indicates
the direction of rotation.
Upon reassembly, make sure that the
wheel is positioned correctly: the arrow
from the left side.
is completely inserted.
◆ Position the washer (6) and tighten the
wheel nut (5) manually.
NOTE In
this phase, for the temporary
tightening of the two wheel pin clamp
screws (8) (left side), the driving torque value need not be respected.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
69
◆ Screw the two wheel pin clamp screws
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
(8) (left side) and tighten them as much
as necessary to lock the rotation of the
wheel pin (11).
◆ Tighten the wheel nut (5) completely.
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Tighten the two screws (8) of the wheel
pin clamp (left side).
Wheel nut (5) driving torque: 80 Nm (8.0
kgm).
Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque
(8): 22 Nm (2.2 kgm).
◆ Tighten the two wheel pin clamp screws
◆ Make sure that the following components
(7) (right side).
Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque:
22 Nm (2.2 kgm).
◆ Loosen the two wheel pin clamp screws
(8) (left side).
◆ Put back the front brake calipers, see p.
71 (FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS).
◆ With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards. In this way the fork rods will
settle properly.
70
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
are not dirty:
– tyre;
– wheel;
– brake discs.
aWARNING
After reassembly, pull the front brake lever repeatedly and check the correct
functioning of the braking system.
Have the driving torques, centering and
balancing of the wheel checked by your
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
DISASSEMBLY
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
front support stand, see p. 68 (POSIT IO N IN G TH E V E H I C LE O N T H E
FRONT SUPPORT STAND m).
aCAUTION
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
◆ Manually rotate the wheel, so that the
&2/.4 "2!+% #!,)0%23
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction of the braking efficiency. Dirty pads must be replaced, while
dirty discs must be cleaned with a highquality degreaser.
aCAUTION
While disassembling and reassembling
the wheel, be careful not to damage the
brake pipes, the discs and the pads.
NOTE For the removal of the front brake
calipers, it is necessary to prepare the appropriate front support stand m.
space between two spokes of the rim is
in correspondence with the brake caliper.
◆ Have someone keep the handlebar
steady in running position, so that the
steering is locked.
Brake caliper screw driving torque (1):
50 Nm (5.0 kgm).
◆ ✱ Unscrew and remove the two brake
caliper screws (1).
aCAUTION
Never pull the brake lever after removing the caliper, otherwise the pistons
may go out of their seats, thus causing
the outflow of the brake fluid.
In this case consult your APRILIA Official
Dealer, who will carry out the proper
maintenance operation.
REASSEMBLY
aCAUTION
Proceed with care, in order not to damage the brake pads.
◆ ✖ Insert the brake caliper (2) on the disc
and position it so that its fastening holes
and the holes on the support are aligned.
aWARNING
Upon reassembly of the brake caliper,
replace the caliper fastening screws (1)
with two new screws of the same type.
◆ ✖ Screw and tighten the two screws (1)
that fasten the brake caliper.
Brake caliper screw driving torque
(1): 50 Nm (5.0 kgm).
Work on the second brake caliper:
◆ Repeat the operations marked with ✖.
◆ Remove the front support stand m, see
p. 68 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE FRONT SUPPORT STAND m).
aCAUTION
After reassembly, pull the brake lever
repeatedly and check the correct functioning of the braking system.
◆ ✱ Withdraw the brake caliper (2) from
the disc, leaving it attached to the pipe
(3).
Work on the second brake caliper:
◆ Repeat the operations marked with ✱.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
71
4
3
A
6
5
1
2
2%!2 7(%%,
aCAUTION
The disassembly and reassembly of the
rear wheel may be difficult for unskilled
operators.
If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer
cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
72
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
B
8
aWARNING
Riding with damaged rims may be dangerous for the rider, other persons and
the vehicle.
Check the conditions of the wheel rim
and change it if it is damaged.
NOTE For the removal of the rear wheel
it is necessary to have a caliper spanner
(A) and an appropriate dynamometric
spanner (B).
DISASSEMBLY
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ With the caliper spanner, unscrew and
remove the cover (1).
◆ Remove the seeger (2).
◆ Withdraw the locking nut (3).
◆ Engage the first gear, to prevent the
wheel from turning.
◆ Insert the bushing (5) provided in the tool
kit into the screw hole (4).
◆ Insert the dynamometric spanner into the
hexagonal seat of the bushing (5).
Wheel fastening screw driving torque:
170 Nm (17.0 kgm).
◆ Unscrew and remove the wheel fasten-
ing screw (6).
aWARNING
The propeller shaft is provided with a
tang (7).
Prevent the tang (7) from coming off its
seat during the removal of the wheel.
In this case:
◆ Position the shifting lever in neutral.
◆ Turn the wheel in such a way as to position the tang (7) in the lower part.
◆ Remove the wheel (8) completely and
take the centering bush (9).
REASSEMBLY
aWARNING
Before proceeding with the reassembly,
make sure that the tang (7) is present
and correctly positioned. If it has come
off its seat, position it correctly. Do not
forget to put it back.
◆ Rotate the propeller shaft in such a way
as to position the tang (7) in the upper
part.
◆ Position the wheel (8) on the propeller
shaft, making sure that the three driving
pins (10) are correctly inserted in the appropriate seats in the wheel.
◆ Engage the first gear, to prevent the
wheel from turning.
◆ Make sure that the tang (7) is positioned
in the appropriate seat in the propeller
shaft.
◆ Correctly position the centering bush (9),
fitting the tang (7) in the slot (11).
◆ Spread a film of lubricating grease on the
thread of the wheel fastening screw (6).
◆ Manually screw the wheel fastening
screw (6).
◆ Insert the bushing (5) into the screw hole
(4).
◆ Insert the dynamometric spanner into the
hexagonal seat of the bushing (5).
aWARNING
Make sure that the wheel fastening
screw (6) is tightened with the prescribed driving torque.
Wheel fastening screw driving torque:
170 Nm (17.0 kgm)
◆ Tighten the wheel fastening screw (6).
◆ Insert the locking nut (3) in the screw
hole (4), trying to find the correct position
for the complete insertion of the nut itself.
◆ Correctly position the snap ring (2).
◆ Screw the plug (1).
aCAUTION
Have the driving torques, centering and
balancing of the wheel checked by your
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
73
aCAUTION
Carry out the maintenance operations
more frequently if you use the vehicle in
difficult conditions or on dusty and/or
muddy roads.
CHECKING THE SLACK
$2)6% #(!).
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is equipped with an endless
chain, in which a ring link joint is not used.
aCAUTION
An excessive slackening of the chain
may cause noise or make the chain rattle, with consequent wear of the shoe
and of the chain guide plate.
Periodically check the slack and adjust
it if necessary, see p. 74 (ADJUSTMENT).
To change the chain, contact an APRILIA
Official Dealer, who will ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
Incorrect maintenance may cause the
untimely wear of the chain and/or damages to the pinion and/or the crown.
To check the slack, proceed as follows:
◆ Stop the engine, see p. 55 (STOPPING).
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Position the shifting lever in neutral.
◆ Make sure that the vertical oscillation, in
an intermediate point between pinion
and crown in the lower part of the chain,
is about 25 mm.
◆ Move the vehicle forwards, or turn the
wheel, in order to be able to check the
vertical oscillation of the chain even when
the wheel turns; the slack must be constant in all the rotation phases of the
wheel.
aCAUTION
If in some positions the slack is higher
than in others, this means that there are
crushed or seized links; in this case,
contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. To
prevent the risk of seizures, lubricate
the chain frequently, see p. 75 (CLEANING AND LUBRICATION).
If the slack is uniform, but higher or lower
than 25 mm, adjust it, see p. 74 (ADJUSTMENT).
74
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
ADJUSTMENT
If after the check it is necessary to adjust
the chain tension, slacken the chain to increase the slack, tighten the chain to decrease it.
The vehicle is provided with an adjusting
device with metal ring, which makes it possible to tighten or slacken the chain.
By rotating the metal ring clockwise you
tighten the chain; by rotating the metal ring
anticlockwise you slacken the chain.
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
Driving torque of nuts (1): 30 Nm (3.0
kgm).
◆ Loosen the nuts (1).
NOTE Prepare the pin spanner (2) and its
extension (3) provided in the tool kit.
The crushed or seized links must be lubricated and made work again.
If this is not possible, contact an APRIL
IA Official Dealer, who will provide for
changing the chain.
◆ Finally, check the wear of the rear fork
protection shoe.
CLEANING AND LUBRICATION
aCAUTION
To slacken the chain:
◆ Insert the pin spanner (2) as indicated in
the figure (A).
To tighten the chain:
◆ Insert the pin spanner (2) as indicated in
the figure (B).
Once the pin spanner (2) has been correctly inserted:
◆ Couple the pin spanner (2) to the metal
ring (4).
◆ Insert the extension (3) in the pin spanner.
◆ Use the pin spanner (2) to adjust the
chain slack.
◆ Check the chain slack, see p. 74 (DRIVE
CHAIN).
◆ Tighten the two nuts (1).
Driving torque of nuts (1): 30 Nm (3.0
kgm).
CHECKING THE DRIVING CHAIN, PINION AND SPROCKET WEAR
Further, check the chain and sprockets
and make sure that they do not present:
– damaged rollers;
– loose pins;
– dry, rusty, crushed or seized links;
– excessive wear;
– lacking O rings;
– sprocket or teeth excessively worn or
damaged.
aCAUTION
If the chain rollers are damaged, the
pins are loose and/or the O rings are
damaged or lacking, it is necessary to
change the whole chain unit (both
sprockets and chain).
aCAUTION
Lubricate the chain frequently, especially if there are dry or rusty parts.
The drive chain is provided with O rings
among the links, in order to keep the
grease inside them.
Carry out the adjustment, lubrication,
cleaning and change of the chain with
great care.
Never wash the chain with water jets,
steam jets, high-pressure water jets and
highly inflammable solvents.
◆ Wash the chain with naphtha or kerosene. If it tends to rust quickly, intensify
the maintenance intervals.
Lubricate the chain every 1000 km (625
mi) or whenever necessary.
◆ After washing the chain and letting it dry,
lubricate it with spray grease for chains
provided with sealing rings, see p. 109
(LUBRICANT CHART).
aCAUTION
The lubricants for chains available on
the market may contain substances that
are dangerous for the rubber sealing
rings of the chain.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
75
NOTE Do not use the vehicle soon after
lubricating the chain, since due to the centrifugal force the lubricant would be
sprayed outwards and dirty the surrounding areas.
,)&4).' 4(% &5%, 4!.+
Carefully read p. 28 (FUEL) and p. 58
(MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down.
Fuel vapours are noxious for your
health.
Before proceeding, make sure that the
room in which you are working is properly ventilated.
Do not inhale fuel vapours.
Do not smoke and do not use naked
flames.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
76
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
◆ Remove the grille (2).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (3)
that fasten the front part of the fuel tank
(4), taking bushes and washers.
NOTE Prepare the support rod (5) provided in the tool kit.
The rubber-covered end of the rod (5) must
be introduced in the central hole of the
steering pin.
◆ Lift the front part of the fuel tank (4) and
introduce the rod (5) as indicated in the
figure.
2%-/6% 4(% ,%&4 &!)2).'
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down.
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
2%-/6).' 4(% ,%&4 ,/7%2
&!)2).'
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Remove the left fairing, see p. 77 (RE-
MOVE THE LEFT FAIRING).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two lower
screws (5).
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the three screws
(1).
◆ Unscrew and remove the five upper
screws (2).
◆ Unscrew and remove the four lower
screws (3).
◆ Unscrew and remove the rear screw (6).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (7).
aCAUTION
◆ Remove the left lower fairing (8) com-
aCAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
plete with the guard (9).
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
◆ Remove the side fairing (4).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
77
2%-/6).' 4(% &53% "/8 #/6%2
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
aCAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
◆ Remove the fuse box cover (2) and take
the bush.
78
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
2%-/6).' 4(% $!3("/!2$
0!.%,
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
The dashboard panel is constituted by two
units: right part and left part.
NOTE The
following information refers
to one unit only, but is valid for both.
◆ Remove the fuse box cover, see p. 78
(REMOVING THE FUSE BOX COVER).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (3).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (4).
aCAUTION
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
Do not damage the tangs and/or their
seats.
NOTE The left dashboard panel remains
attached to the saddle lock cable (5). Carry
out the partial removal.
◆ Remove the dashboard panel (6).
2%-/6).' 4(% ,/7%2 #/6%2
/& 4(% &2/.4 0!24 /& 4(%
&!)2).'
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
~Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
~Unscrew and remove the screw (2).
◆ Remove the lower cover of the front part
of the fairing (3).
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly, fit the tangs correctly
(4) in the appropriate seats.
aCAUTION
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the tangs and/or their
seats.
Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or
damaging them.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
79
ADJUSTING THE FRONT FORK
The standard setting of the front fork is adjusted in such a way as to be suitable for
most driving conditions, at high and low
speed, for the transport of the rider with
luggage.
However, it is also possible to adjust the
setting according to the intended use of the
vehicle.
NOTE Before
acting on the adjusters,
choose the desired adjustment, following
the indications given in the table at p. 81.
).30%#4).' 4(% &2/.4 !.$
2%!2 3530%.3)/.3
aCAUTION
NOTE Have the front fork oil changed by
If you notice irregularities in the operation or if the help of a qualified technician
is necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
an aprilia Official Dealer, who will ensure
you prompt and accurate servicing.
&2/.4 3530%.3)/.
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
Have the front fork oil changed after the
first 7500 km (4687 mi) and successively
every 22500 km (14000 mi).
Carry out the following checks after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
15000 km (9375 mi):
◆ With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards. The stroke must be gentle
and there must be no trace of oil on the
rods.
◆ Check the fastening of all the components and the functionality of the front
and rear suspension joints.
Have the fork oil seals changed by a aprilia
Official Dealer after the first 30000 km
(1875 mi) and successively every 22500
km (14000 mi).
The front suspension consists of an hydraulic fork connected to the steering column by means of two plates.
For the setting of the vehicle attitude, each
rod of the fork is provided:
– with an upper screw (1) for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber;
– an upper nut (2) for the adjustment of the
spring preload.
TYPES OF ADJUSTMENT
Standard adjustment:
for normal load (for example, rider and luggage).
Medium adjustment:
for heavy load (for example, passenger,
rider and luggage).
Rigid adjustment:
for sporty riding.
Soft adjustment:
for less sporty riding (touristic).
aCAUTION
Do not force the rotation of the adjusting screw (1) beyond the end of stroke
in both directions, in order to avoid any
damage.
Set the same spring preload and hydraulic braking for both rods: a different
setting of the rods decreases the stability of the vehicle while riding.
When the spring preload is increased, it
80
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
is necessary to increase also the hydraulic braking, in order to avoid sudden jerks while riding.
1
2
aCAUTION
For the adjustment, always start from
the most rigid setting [complete clockwise rotation of the screw (1)]. As a
point of reference for the adjustment of
the hydraulic braking with extended
shock absorber, use the notches obtained on the adjusting screw (1).
Gradually rotate the screw (1) giving 1/8
turn per time.
Test the vehicle repeatedly on the road,
until obtaining the optimal adjustment.
aCAUTION
No adjustment of the rod protrusion (B)
is planned.
It is forbidden to modify the attitude of
the vehicle by modifying this protrusion. In the standard setting the rod
protrusion reaches the first notch (B). If
you should notice that the rod protrusion is not as prescribed, contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer
A
B
FRONT FORK ADJUSTMENT TABLE
Front
suspension
Standard
adjustment
Soft adjustment
Rigid
adjustment
Medium
adjustment
Hydraulic adjustfrom completely from completely from completely from completely
ment with exclosed (*)
closed (*)
closed (*)
closed (*)
tended shock
open (**)
open (**)
open (**)
open (**)
absorber, screw
1.25 turns
1.5 turns
1 turn
1.25 mm
(1)
Spring preload,
nut (2) [protrusion reference,
notches (A)]
at the 6th notch
at the 7th notch
at the 5th notch
at the 7th notch
(*) = clockwise
(**) = anticlockwise
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
81
1
2
2%!2 3530%.3)/.
The rear suspension consists of a springshock absorber unit, fixed to the frame by
means of a uni-ball and to the rear fork by
means of lever systems.
For the setting of the vehicle attitude, the
shock absorber is provided:
– with a screw adjuster (1) for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber;
– a knob adjuster (2) for the adjustment of
the spring preload (3).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
aCAUTION
ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK
ABSORBER
Check and if necessary adjust the rear
shock absorber every 15000 km (9375 mi).
The standard setting of the rear shock absorber is adjusted so that it is suitable for
most driving conditions, at high and low
speed, for the transport of the rider with
luggage.
However, it is also possible to adjust the
setting according to the intended use of the
vehicle.
Adjust the spring preload and the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber according to the conditions of
use of the vehicle.
aWARNING
Test the vehicle repeatedly on the road,
until obtaining the optimal adjustment.
Before acting on the adjusters, wait for
the engine and the exhaust silencer to
cool down completely.
82
TYPES OF ADJUSTMENT
Standard adjustment:
for normal load (for example, rider and luggage).
Medium adjustment:
for heavy load (for example, passenger,
rider and luggage).
Rigid adjustment:
for sporty riding.
Soft adjustment:
for less sporty riding (touristic).
When the spring preload is increased, it
is necessary to increase also the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber, in order to avoid sudden jerks
while riding.
If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.
aCAUTION
To avoid affecting the operation of the
shock absorber, neither remove the
screw (4), nor adjust the underlying
membrane, since this may cause nitrogen to flow out, with consequent risk of
accidents.
REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT TABLE
Rear
suspension
Standard
adjustment
Soft adjustment
Rigid
adjustment
Medium
adjustment
Hydraulic adjust- from completely from completely from completely from completely
ment with exclosed (*)
closed (*)
closed (*)
closed (*)
tended shock
open (**)
open (**)
open (**)
open (**)
absorber, screw
9 clicks
10 clicks
8 clicks
7 clicks
(1)
Spring preload,
knob (2)
from completely from completely from completely from completely
open (**)
open (**)
open (**)
open (**)
close (*)
close (*)
close (*)
close (*)
14 clicks
4 clicks
22 clicks
34 clicks
(*) = clockwise
(**) = anticlockwise
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
83
3
1
2
1
#(%#+).' 4(% "2!+% 0!$ 7%!2
Carefully read p. 30 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations), p. 31 (DISC
BRAKES) and p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
NOTE The following information refer to
a single braking system, but are valid for
both.
Check the brake pad wear after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
2000 km (1250 mi) and before every trip.
The wear of the disc brake pads depends
on the use, on the kind of drive and on the
road.
aWARNING
Check the wear of the brake pads, especially before every trip.
84
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
1
=
1 mm
To carry out a rapid checking of the
wear of the pads, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Carry out a visual check between the
disc and the pads, proceeding:
– from below, on the front part, for the
front brake calipers (1);
– from above, on the rear part, for the
rear brake calipers (2).
If the thickness of the friction material
[even of one front (3) or rear pad (4) only]
has reduced to about 1 mm (or even if only
one of the wear indicators is not visible any
longer):
– for the front brake calipers (right
and left), have all pads of both calipers
changed.
– for the rear brake caliper, have both
pads of the caliper changed.
aCAUTION
Have the pads changed by your APRILIA
Official Dealer.
The excessive wear of the friction material would cause the contact of the pad
metal support with the disc, with consequent metallic noise and production of
sparks from the caliper; braking efficiency, safety and soundness of the
disc would thus be negatively affected.
aWARNING
)$,).' !$*534-%.4
aCAUTION
The idling adjustment operations require specific knowledge, contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer.
!$*534).' 4(% #/,$ 34!24
#/.42/, 0
aCAUTION
The operations necessary to adjust the
cold start control “0” require specific
skills and therefore should be carried
out by an APRILIA Official Dealer.
!$*534).' 4(% !##%,%2!4/2
#/.42/,
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
Have the accelerator control cables
checked by an aprilia Official Dealer after
the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively
every 7500 km (4687 mi).
The idle stroke of the throttle grip must be
2 – 3 mm, measured on the edge of the
grip itself.
aCAUTION
After the adjustment, make sure that the
rotation of the handlebar does not modify the engine idling rpm and that the
throttle grip returns smoothly and automatically to its original position after
being released.
If not, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Withdraw the protection element (1).
◆ Loosen the lock nut (2).
◆ Rotate the adjuster (3) in such a way as
to restore the prescribed value.
◆ After the adjustment, tighten the lock nut
(2) and check the idle stroke again.
◆ Put back the protection element (1).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
85
2%!26)%7 -)22/23
The rear-view mirrors house the front direction indicators.
In order to reduce the overall dimensions
of the vehicle, the rear-view mirrors are
provided with a joint that allows them to be
rotated upwards.
aWARNING
Do not leave with the rear-view mirrors
rotated upwards.
Before leaving, always make sure that
the rear-view mirrors are not rotated upwards and are correctly adjusted.
aWARNING
For the adjustment of the rear-view mirrors, wear clean gloves or use a clean
cloth, in order to avoid dirtying the reflecting surface and reducing visibility.
86
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
Rotation of the rear-view mirrors
aCAUTION
Handle the components with care.
Adjustment of the rear-view mirrors.
◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see
p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
◆ Rotate the mirror support (1) upwards,
aCAUTION
until you hear it snap.
aCAUTION
To move the mirror support (1) back to
its initial position, rotate it in the opposite direction.
Do not rotate the rear-view mirrors in
the wrong directions, otherwise the
electric cables of the direction indicators may be damaged.
Handle the components with care.
◆ Adjust the inclination of the rear-view
mirror (3) correctly, by working on the reflecting surface (2) with your fingers.
Repeat the same operations to adjust the
other rear-view mirror.
NOTE The vehicle is provided with an air
temperature sensor (4) positioned on the
left rear-view mirror.
◆ Make sure that there are no dirt or mud
deposits.
◆ Move the stand to let it lifted and release
A
it halfway to make sure that the springs
provide for lifting it completely.
◆ The side stand must rotate freely, if necessary grease the joint, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
5
6
1a
7
#(%#+).' 4(% 34!.$
◆ The springs (3) must not be damaged,
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE)
and p. 93 (CHECKING THE SWITCHES).
◆ Make sure that when lifted the stand
The vehicle is provided with two stands:
– side stand (1);
– centre stand (2).
The stand has two positions:
– normal or lifted;
– extended.
It is the rider who must provide for extending and lifting the stand.
The stand must rotate without hindrances.
The springs (3) provide for keeping the
stand in the desired position (extended or
lifted).
CENTRE STAND
◆ Position the vehicle on the side stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
worn, rusty or weakened.
presents no slacks.
◆ Move the stand and release it, making
sure that the springs lift it completely.
◆ The side stand must rotate freely, if nec-
essary grease the joint, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART).
SIDE STAND
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ The springs (3) must not be damaged,
worn, rusty or weakened.
◆ Make sure that the stand presents no
slack in either position (extended and lifted).
◆ Lower the stand, making sure that the
springs provide for extending it completely.
The side stand (1) is provided with a safety
switch (4) that has the function to prevent
or interrupt the operation of the engine with
the gears on and the side stand (1) lowered.
To check the proper functioning of the
safety switch (4), proceed as follows:
◆ Start the engine, see p. 48 (STARTING).
◆ With released throttle grip (5) (Pos.A)
and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (6)
completely.
◆ Engage the first gear, by pushing the
gear lever (7) downwards.
◆ Lower the side stand (1), thus operating
the safety switch (4).
At this point:
– the engine must stop;
– the side stand down warning light LED
“Æ” must come on.
aCAUTION
If the engine does not stop, contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
87
30!2+ 0,5'3
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
aCAUTION
Check, clean or change all the spark
plugs, one by one.
Check the spark plugs every 7500 km
(4687 mi), change them every 15000 km
(9375 mi).
In case of use on racetracks, change the
spark plugs every 3750 km (2343 mi).
Periodically remove the spark plugs and
clean them carefully, removing carbon deposits; change them if necessary.
aCAUTION
Even if only one spark plug needs
changing, always replace all of them.
88
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
To reach the spark plugs:
For the removal, proceed as follows:
aWARNING
aCAUTION
Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer
cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
Do not invert the position of the two
spark plug caps.
Do not remove the two spark plug caps
at the same time.
◆ Lift the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFTING
◆ Remove the cap (1) of the spark plug (2).
◆ Remove any trace of dirt from the spark
THE FUEL TANK)
NOTE The vehicle is equipped with two
spark plugs per cylinder (A) and (B).
The following operations refer to the two
spark plugs of one cylinder, but are valid
for both cylinders.
aCAUTION
Carry out all the operations indicated on
the first spark plug and then repeat
them on the second spark plug of the
same cylinder.
plug base.
◆ Introduce the special spanner provided
in the tool kit on the spark plug.
◆ Insert the 13 mm fork spanner provided
in the tool kit in the hexagonal seat of the
spark plug spanner.
◆ Unscrew the spark plug and extract it
from its seat, taking care to prevent dust
or other substances from getting inside
the cylinder.
The gap must be 0.6 – 0.7 mm, otherwise it is necessary to change the spark
plug.
◆ Make sure that the washer (8) is in good
conditions.
For the installation:
◆ With the washer on (8), screw the spark
For the check and cleaning:
aCAUTION
This vehicle is fitted with spark plugs
featuring platinum-type electrodes.
To clean the spark plugs, do not use
wire brushes and/or abrasive products,
but only a pressurized air jet.
Key:
– centre electrode (3);
– insulating (4);
– side electrode (5).
◆ Make sure that there are neither carbon
deposits, nor corrosion marks on the
electrodes and on the insulating material; if necessary, clean them with a pressurized air jet.
If the spark plug has crackings on the insulating material, corroded electrodes, excessive deposits or the tip (6) of the central
electrode (3) is rounded, it must be
changed.
aCAUTION
When changing the spark plug, check
the thread pitch and length.
If the threaded part is too short, the carbon deposits will accumulate on the
thread seat, and therefore the engine
may be damaged during the installation
of the right spark plug.
Use the recommended type of spark
plugs only, see p. 105 (TECHNICAL DATA), in order not to compromise the life
and performance of the engine.
To check the spark plug gap, use a wire
thickness gauge (7) to avoid damaging
the platinum covering.
◆ Check the spark plug gap with a wire
thickness gauge (7).
aCAUTION
Do not try to recover the spark plug gap
in any way.
plug by hand in order not to damage the
thread.
◆ Tighten the spark plug by means of the
spanner you will find in the tool kit, giving
it half a turn to compress the washer.
Spark plug driving torque: 20 Nm (2.0
kgm).
aCAUTION
The spark plug must be well tightened,
otherwise the engine may overheat and
be seriously damaged.
aCAUTION
Make sure that the cap (1) is correctly
connected to the spark plug (2). Due to
the vibrations of the engine, the incorrect position would cause the disconnection of the spark plug cap, with serious damage to the engine.
◆ Correctly insert the cap (1) in the spark
plug (2), until you hear the click.
NOTE Repeat
the operations described
on the second spark plug of the same cylinder and successively on both spark plugs
of the other cylinder.
◆ Put back the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFT-
ING THE FUEL TANK).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
89
2
3
2
NOTE This
"!44%29
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components.
Never invert the connection of the battery cables.
Connect and disconnect the battery
with the ignition switch in position “1”,
otherwise some components may be
damaged.
Connect first the positive cable (+) and
then the negative cable (–).
Disconnect following the reverse order.
90
1
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
vehicle is provided with a
maintenance-free battery and no operation
is necessary, excepting occasional checks
and the recharge when required.
If necessary, proceed as follows:
◆ Disconnect first the negative (–) and
then the positive cable (+).
◆ Brush with a wire brush to eliminate any
sign of corrosion.
#(%#+).' !.$ #,%!.).' 4(%
4%2-).!,3
◆ Reconnect first the positive (+) and then
Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY).
the battery with neutral grease or vaseline.
◆ Put back the saddle, see p. 26 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in po-
sition “1”.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Remove the red protection element (1).
◆ Make sure that the cable terminals (2) and
the battery terminals (3) are:
– in good conditions (and not corroded or
covered with deposits);
– covered with neutral grease or vaseline.
the negative cable (–).
◆ Cover the terminals of the cables and of
1
6
2
9
8
4
3
7
5
2%-/6).' 4(% "!44%29
Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY).
aCAUTION
With the removal of the battery the digital clock and the partial kilometre odometer are set to zero. To set the clock
again, see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS).
◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “1”.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1) on
the negative terminal (–).
◆ Move the negative cable (2) sidewards.
◆ Remove the red protection element (3).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (4) on
the positive terminal (+).
◆ Move the positive cable (5) sidewards.
aCAUTION
Do not force the electric cables.
◆ Put back the saddle, see p. 26 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Remove the start relay (6).
~Unscrew and remove the screw (7).
◆ Lift the bracket (8) that locks the battery.
◆ Grasp the battery (9) firmly and remove it
from its compartment by lifting it.
aWARNING
Once it has been removed, the battery
must be stored in a safe place and kept
away from children.
#(%#+).' 4(% %,%#42/,94%
,%6%,
Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY).
The vehicle is equipped with a maintenance-free battery, which does not require
any check of the electrolyte level.
◆ Position the battery on a flat surface, in a
cool and dry place.
aWARNING
Upon reassembly, connect first the positive cable (+) and then the negative cable (–).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
91
2%#(!2').' 4(% "!44%29
6
4
Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY).
aCAUTION
1
2
Do not remove the battery plugs: without plugs the battery may be damaged.
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 91 (REMOV-
ING THE BATTERY).
◆ Prepare an appropriate battery charger.
◆ Set the charger for the desired type of re-
charge (see table).
◆ Connect the battery with a battery charger.
aWARNING
During the recharging or the use, make
sure that the room is properly ventilated
and avoid inhaling the gases released
during the recharging.
◆ Switch on the battery charger.
Recharge
Normal
Quick
Voltage
(Amperes)
1.2
12
Time
(hours)
8 - 10
0.5
aWARNING
Reassemble the battery only 5/10 minutes after disconnecting the recharge
apparatus, since the battery continues
to produce gas for a short lapse of time.
92
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
7
3
5
).34!,,).' 4(% "!44%29
aWARNING
Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY).
Upon reassembly, connect first the positive cable (+) and then the negative cable (–).
◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “1”.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
NOTE The
battery (1) must be positioned in its compartment with the terminals directed towards the rear part of the
vehicle.
◆ Put the battery (1) in its compartment.
◆ Put back the bracket (2) that locks the
battery.
~Screw and tighten the screw (3).
◆ Put back the start relay (4) in the correct
position.
◆ Connect the positive terminal (+) by
means of the screw (5).
◆ Connect the negative terminal (–) by
means of the screw (6).
◆ Put back the red protection element (7).
◆ Put back the saddle, see p. 26 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
,/.' ).!#4)6)49 /& 4(%
"!44%29
aCAUTION
If the vehicle remains unused for more
than twenty days, disconnect the 30A
fuses, in order to avoid the deterioration
of the battery caused by the current
consumption due to the multifunction
computer.
NOTE With the removal of the 30A fuses
the functions of the digital clock are set to
zero. To reset these functions, see p. 20
(SETTING BUTTONS).
If the vehicle remains unused for more
than fifteen days, it is necessary to recharge the battery, in order to prevent its
sulphation, see p. 92 (RECHARGING THE
BATTERY).
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 91 (REMOVING THE BATTERY) and put it in a cool
and dry place.
It is important to check the charge periodically (about once a month), during the winter or when the vehicle remains unused, in
order to prevent the deterioration of the
battery.
◆ Recharge it completely with a normal
charge, see p. 92 (RECHARGING THE
BATTERY).
If the battery remains on the vehicle, disconnect the cables from the terminals.
#(%#+).' 4(% 37)4#(%3
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is provided w ith four
switches:
1) Stoplight switch on the rear brake control lever;
2) Stoplight switch on the front brake control lever;
3) Safety switch on the side stand;
4) Switch on the clutch control lever.
◆ Make sure that there are no dirt or mud
deposits on the switch; the pin must be
able to move without interferences, returning automatically to its initial position.
◆ Make sure that the cables are connected
correctly.
◆ Check the spring (5): it must not be damaged, worn or weakened.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
93
#(!.').' 4(% &53%3
For the check, proceed as follows:
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
◆ Turn the ignition switch to position “1”,
aCAUTION
Do not repair faulty fuses.
Never use fuses different from the recommended ones.
The use of unsuitable fuses may cause
damages to the electric system or, in
case of short circuit, even a fire.
NOTE If
a fuse blows frequently, there
probably is a short circuit or an overload in
the electric system.
In this case it is advisable to consult an
aprilia Official Dealer.
If an electric component does not work or
works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to
start, it is necessary to check the fuses.
Check first the 15A secondary fuses and
then the 30A primary fuses.
94
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
to avoid any accidental short circuit.
◆ Remove the fuse box cover, see p. 78
(REMOVING THE FUSE BOX COVER).
◆ Open the cover of the box (1) containing
the secondary fuses.
◆ Extract the fuses one by one and check if
the filament (2) is broken.
◆ Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the
cause of the trouble, if possible.
◆ Replace the damaged fuse with a new
one having the same amperage.
NOTE If you use one of the spare fuses,
put a new fuse in the proper seat.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Carry out the operations previously de-
scribed for the secondary fuses also for
the main fuses.
NOTE The removal of the 30A fuses requires the setting to zero of the following
functions: digital clock.
To reset these functions, see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS).
G
F
ARRANGEMENT OF THE 15A SECONDARY FUSES
A) From voltage regulator to:
headlight, dashboard.
B) From voltage regulator to:
fuel pump.
C) From ignition switch to:
parking lights, rear stoplights, horn, direction indicators.
D) From ignition switch to:
start, safety logic.
E) From voltage regulator to: free
ARRANGEMENT OF THE 30A MAIN
FUSES
F) From battery to: voltage regulator, fuse
A, fuse B, fuse C.
G) From battery to: ignition switch, fuse C,
fuse D.
NOTE One fuse is a spare fuse.
NOTE Three fuses are spare fuses.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
95
(/2):/.4!, !$*534-%.4 /&
4(% (%!$,)'(4 "%!-
NOTE To
check the direction of the
headlight beam, specific procedures
must be adopted, in accordance with the
regulations in force in the country where
the vehicle is used.
To adjust the headlight beam:
◆ Remove the left dashboard panel, see p.
78 (REMOVING THE DASHBOARD
PANEL).
◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see
p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
96
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
◆ Working on the rear left side of the front
part of the fairing, adjust the appropriate
knob (1).
BY TURNING IT CLOCKWISE, you turn
the beam to the left.
BY TURNING IT ANTICLOCKWISE, you
turn the beam to the right.
After the adjustment:
aWARNING
Make sure that the vertical adjustment
of the headlight beam is correct.
!$*534).' 4(% 6%24)#!,
(%!$,)'(4 "%!-
NOTE To
check the direction of the
headlight beam, specific procedures must
be adopted, in accordance with the regulations in force in the country where the vehicle is used.
I
To rapidly check the correct direction of the
beam, place the vehicle on flat ground, 10
m away from a wall.
Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle
and make sure that the beam projected on
the wall is slightly under the horizontal line
of the headlight (about 9/10th of the total
height).
To adjust the headlight beam:
◆ Remove the right dashboard panel, see
p. 78 (REMOVING THE DASHBOARD
PANEL).
◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see
p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE).
◆ Working on the rear right side of the front
part of the fairing, adjust the appropriate
knob (2).
BY TURNING IT CLOCKWISE, you set
the beam downwards.
BY TURNING IT ANTICLOCKWISE, you
set the beam upwards.
After the adjustment:
aWARNING
Make sure that the vertical adjustment
of the headlight beam is correct.
$!3("/!2$ ,)'(4).'
If you need assistance or technical advice,
consult your aprilia Official Dealer, who
can ensure you prompt and accurate servicing.
"5,"3
Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE).
aWARNING
Risk of fire.
Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components.
aCAUTION
Before changing a bulb, move the ignition switch to position “1” and wait a
few minutes, so that the bulb cools
down.
Change the bulb wearing clean gloves
or using a clean and dry cloth.
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb,
since these may cause its overheating
and consequent breakage.
If you touch the bulb with bare hands,
remove any fingerprint with alcohol, in
order to avoid any damage.
DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC CABLES.
NOTE Before
changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 94 (CHANGING THE
FUSES).
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
97
#(!.').' 4(% (%!$,)'(4
"5,"3
To change, proceed as follows:
Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS).
beam bulbs it is necessary to remove the
right and left dashboard panels.
To remove the parking light it is necessary
to remove the lower cover.
The headlight contains:
– two high beam bulbs (1) (side);
– one parking light bulb (2) (lower).
– one low beam bulb (3) (lower).
The high beam and the low beam bulbs are
equal to each other.
If either of them is damaged and no spare
bulb is available, it is possible to invert
them.
This operation is intended only to make it
easier for the rider to go back home or to
reach a shop where he can by a new bulb,
but the replacement of the damaged bulb
remains indispensable.
98
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
NOTE To change the low beam and high
HIGH BEAM BULBS
NOTE Proceed on the side of the bulb to
be changed.
NOTE Extract
the connectors one by
one, in such a way as to avoid positioning
them wrongly upon reassembly.
If it is necessary to remove all the connectors at the same time, mark them and
make sure that you position them correctly
upon reassembly.
◆ Remove the dashboard panel, see p. 78
(REMOVING THE DASHBOARD PANEL).
aCAUTION
To extract the bulb electric connector,
do not pull its electric wires.
◆ Grasp the electric connector of the bulb
to be replaced (4), pull it and disconnect
it from the bulb (1).
◆ Move the protection element (5) with
your hands.
◆ Release the check spring (6) positioned
at the rear of the bulb socket (7).
◆ Extract the bulb (1) from its seat and replace it with a new one of the same type.
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket,
making the relevant positioning seats coincide.
PARKING LIGHT BULB
◆ Remove the lower cover of the front part
of the fairing, see p. 79 (REMOVING
THE LOWER COVER OF THE FRONT
PART OF THE FAIRING).
aCAUTION
To extract the bulb socket, do not pull
the electric wires.
◆ Grasp the parking light bulb socket (8),
pull it and remove it from its seat.
◆ Withdraw the bulb (2) and replace it with
one of the same type.
LOW BEAM BULB
NOTE Extract
the connectors one by
one, in such a way as to avoid positioning
them wrongly upon reassembly.
If it is necessary to remove all the connectors at the same time, mark them and
make sure that you position them correctly
upon reassembly.
◆ Remove the right dashboard panel, see
p. 78 (REMOVING THE FUSE BOX
COVER).
◆ Release the check spring (11) positioned
at the rear of the bulb socket (12).
◆ Extract the bulb (3) from its seat and re-
place it with a new one of the same type.
NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket,
making the relevant positioning seats coincide.
aCAUTION
To extract the bulb electric connector,
do not pull its electric wires.
◆ Grasp the bulb electric connector (9),
pull it and disconnect it from the bulb (3).
◆ Move the protection element (10) with
your hands.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
99
#(!.').' 4(% &2/.4
$)2%#4)/. ).$)#!4/2 "5,"3
Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS).
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
aCAUTION
While removing the protection screen,
proceed carefully in order not to break
the cog.
◆ Remove the protection screen (2).
aCAUTION
Upon reassembly, correctly position the
protection screen in its seat. Tighten
the screw (1) moderately and carefully,
to avoid damaging the protection
screen.
◆ Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb (3) from its seat.
aCAUTION
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the
relevant guides on the socket.
◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
100
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
#(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 $)2%#4)/.
).$)#!4/2 "5,"3
For the removal of the rear direction indicator bulbs, see p. 100 (CHANGING THE
REAR LIGHT BULB).
#(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 ,)'(4
"5,"
Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS).
The rear light contains:
– two parking light/stoplight bulb (4).
– two rear direction indicator bulbs (5).
10
8
9
7
To change, proceed as follows:
Before changing a bulb, check the efficiency of the stoplight switches, see p. 93
(CHECKING THE SWITCHES).
aWARNING
Wait until the exhaust silencer have
completely cooled down.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
◆ Unscrew and remove the three screws
(6).
aCAUTION
Handle with care. Do not force the electric cables.
◆ Partially remove the rear light (7).
aWARNING
Upon reassembly, make sure that the
rear light cables are positioned correctly and that there is no contact with the
exhaust silencer.
PARKING LIGHT/STOPLIGHT BULB
◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (8).
◆ Partially remove the bulb socket (9).
◆ Press the bulb (4) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb (4) from its seat.
aCAUTION
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the
relevant guides on the socket.
◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS
NOTE Extract
the bulb sockets one by
one, in such a way as to avoid positioning
them incorrectly during the reassembly.
If it is necessary to remove all the bulb
socket at the same time, mark them and
make sure that you position them correctly
upon reassembly.
◆ Rotate the bulb socket (10) anticlockwise.
◆ Press the bulb (5) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb (5) from its seat.
aCAUTION
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the
relevant guides on the socket.
◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
101
#(!.').' 4(% .5-"%2 0,!4%
"5,"
Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS).
To change, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand,
see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1), taking the nut.
◆ Remove the light unit (2).
102
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
aCAUTION
Do not pull the electric wires to extract
the bulb socket.
◆ Grasp the bulb socket (3), pull it and re-
move it from its seat.
◆ Withdraw the bulb (4) and replace it with
a new one of the same type.
42!.30/24
NOTE During transport, the vehicle must
be kept in vertical position, it must be firmly
anchored and the 1st gear must be engaged, in order to avoid any leak of fuel,
oil, coolant.
aCAUTION
In case of failure, do not tow the vehicle,
but ask for assistance.
#,%!.).'
Clean the vehicle frequently if it used in
particular areas or conditions, such as:
◆ Polluted areas (cities and industrial areas).
◆ Areas characterized by an high percentage of salinity and humidity (sea areas,
hot and humid climates).
◆ Particular conditions (use of salt and
anti-ice chemical products on the roads
during the winter).
◆ Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and
polluting powders, tar spots, dead insects, bird droppings, etc. on the body.
◆ Avoid parking the vehicle under trees,
since in some seasons residues, resins,
fruits or leaves fall down, which contain
substances that may damage the paint.
aWARNING
After the vehicle has been washed, its
braking functions could be temporarily
impaired because of the presence of
water on the grip surfaces.
Calculate long braking distances to
avoid accidents.
Brake repeatedly to restore normal conditions.
Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 47 (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
To remove dirt and mud from the painted
surfaces use a low- pressure water jet,
carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud
and filth with a soft car sponge impregnated with a lot of water and shampoo (2 – 4%
parts of shampoo in water).
Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with
chamois leather. To clean the outer parts
of the engine use a degreaser, brushes
and wipers.
After washing the vehicle, always:
◆ Lift the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFTING
THE FUEL TANK)
◆ Remove the cap (1).
◆ Empty its content into a container and
deliver it to a salvage centre.
aCAUTION
gent, rubbing the surfaces delicately
and rinsing frequently with plenty of water.
Polish with silicone wax only after having carefully washed the vehicle.
Do not use polishing pastes on matt
paints
Do not wash the vehicle under the sun,
especially during the summer, when the
body is still warm, since if the shampoo
dries before being rinsed away, it can
damage the paint.
Do not use liquids at a temperature exceeding 40°C to clean the plastic components of the vehicle.
Do not direct high-pressure water or air
jets or steam jets on to the following
components: wheel hubs, controls on
the right and left side of the handlebar,
bearings, brake pumps, instruments
and indicators, exhaust pipes,
glove/tool kit compartment, ignition
switch/steering lock, radiator wings,
fuel cap, lights and electric connections.
Do not use alcohol, petrol or solvents to
clean the rubber and plastic parts and
the saddle: use only water and mild
soap.
aWARNING
Do not apply protection waxes onto the
saddle, in order not to make it too slippery.
To clean the lights, use a sponge
soaked with water and a neutral deteruse and maintenance RST mille Futura
103
◆ Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of
plastic or waterproof materials.
AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY
◆ Uncover and clean the vehicle, see p.
,/.' 0%2)/$3 /& ).!#4)6)49
aCAUTION
If the vehicle remains unused for more
than twenty days, disconnect the 30A
fuses, in order to avoid the deterioration
of the battery caused by the current
consumption due to the multifunction
computer.
NOTE With the removal of the 30A fuses
the functions of the digital clock are set to
zero. To reset these functions, see p. 20
(SETTING BUTTONS).
After a long period of inactivity of the vehicle some precautions are necessary to
avoid any problem.
Further, it is important to carry out the necessary repairs and a general check up before the period of inactivity, since you could
forget to carry them out later.
104
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
Proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 91 (REMOV-
ING THE BATTERY) and p. 93 (LONG
INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY).
◆ Wash and dry the vehicle, see p. 103
(CLEANING).
◆ Polish the painted surfaces with wax.
◆ Inflate the tyres, see p. 40 (TYRES).
◆ Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-humid room, away from sunlight, with minimum temperature variations.
◆ Position and tie a plastic bag on the final
pipe of the exhaust silencer, in order to
prevent moisture from getting into it.
NOTE Position
the vehicle on the front
support stand m, so that both tyres are
raised from the ground.
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
front support stand, see p. 68 (POSIT I O N I N G T H E V EH I C L E O N T H E
FRONT SUPPORT STAND m).
103 (CLEANING).
◆ Check the charge of the battery, see p.
92 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY) and
install it, see p. 92 (INSTALLING THE
BATTERY).
◆ Refill the fuel tank, see p. 28 (FUEL).
◆ Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 4 7 ( P RE LIMIN AR Y
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
aWARNING
Have a test ride at moderate speed in a
low-traffic area.
4%#(.)#!, $!4!
DIMENSIONS
Max. length ............................................................
Max. width..............................................................
Max. height (front part of the fairing included) .......
Seat height.............................................................
Distance between centres......................................
Min. ground clearance ...........................................
Weight ready for starting........................................
2170 mm
740 mm
1220 mm
830 mm
1435 mm
120 mm
235 kg
ENGINE
Model ..................................................................... V990
Type ....................................................................... 60° longitudinal V-type, two-cylinder, 4-stroke, with 4 valves per cylinder,
DOHC.
Number of cylinders ............................................... 2
Total displacement................................................. 997.62 cm#
Bore/stroke............................................................. 97 mm/67.5 mm
Compression ratio.................................................. 11.8 ± 0.5: 1
Starting................................................................... electric
Engine idling rpm ................................................... 1250 ± 100 rpm
Clutch..................................................................... multidisc in oil bath, with hydraulic control on the left side of the handlebar
and PPC device
Lubrication system ................................................. dry pan with separate oil tank and cooling radiator
Air cleaner.............................................................. with dry filter cartridge
Cooling................................................................... liquid-cooled
TRANSMISSION
Type ....................................................................... mechanical, 6 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine
CAPACITY
Fuel (reserve included) ..........................................
Fuel reserve ...........................................................
Engine oil ...............................................................
Fork oil ..................................................................
Coolant...................................................................
Seats......................................................................
Vehicle max. load .................................................
20.5 L
4±1L
oil change 3700 cm# – oil and oil filter change 3900 cm#
553 ± 2.5 cm# (per rod)
2.5 L (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol)
2
182 kg (driver + passenger + luggage)
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
105
GEAR RATIOS
Ratio
1ª
2ª
3ª
4ª
5ª
6ª
Primary
31/60 = 1: 1.935
Secondary
14/35 = 1: 2.50
16/28 = 1: 1.750
19/26 = 1: 1.368
22/24 = 1: 1.090
23/22 = 1: 0.956
27/23 = 1: 0.851
Final ratio
16 / 43 = 1: 2.687
Total ratio
13.00
9.102
7.117
5.674
4.975
4.431
DRIVE CHAIN
Type ....................................................................... endless (with no connection link) with sealed links
Model ..................................................................... 525
FUEL SUPPLY
SYSTEM
Type ....................................................................... electronic injection (Multipoint)
Choke..................................................................... Ø 51 mm
FUEL SUPPLY
Fuel ........................................................................ Unleaded petrol according to the DIN 51607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.)
FRAME
Type ....................................................................... two-beam frame with light alloy cast elements and extruded elements
Steering inclination angle....................................... 26°
Fore stroke............................................................. 97 mm
SUSPENSIONS
Front....................................................................... upside-down telescopic adjustable fork with hydraulic operation, rod Ø 43
mm
Stroke..................................................................... 120 mm
Rear ....................................................................... oscillating rear fork in light alloy with differentiated profile arms and hydropneumatic adjustable mono-shock absorber
Wheel stroke .......................................................... 120 mm
BRAKES
Front.......................................................................
WHEEL RIMS
Type ....................................................................... in light alloy with withdrawable pin
Front....................................................................... 3.50 x 17”
Rear ....................................................................... 5.50 x 17”
106
with double floating disc – Ø 300 mm, calipers with four pins with differentiated diameter – Ø 30 mm – Ø 34 mm
Rear ....................................................................... disc brake – Ø 255 mm, caliper with double pin – Ø 28 mm
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
▲ = touristic use; 4 = sporty use
TYRES
Pressure kPa (bar)
Wheel
Make
Type
Size
Recommended
▲
Solo rider
Front (series)
METZELER
ME Z4 B
120/70ZR17”
▲
250 (2.5)
Rear (series)
METZELER
ME Z4
180/55ZR17”
▲
290 (2.9)
Front (series)
MICHELIN
PILOT SPORT
120/70ZR17”
4
250 (2.5)
Rear (series)
MICHELIN
PILOT SPORT
180/55ZR17”
4
290 (2.9)
Front
(alternative)
METZELER
ME Z3
120/70ZR17”
4
250 (2.5)
Rear
(alternative)
METZELER
ME Z3
180/55ZR17”
4
290 (2.9)
Front
(alternative)
PIRELLI
MTR21A
120/70ZR17”
▲
250 (2.5)
Rear
(alternative)
PIRELLI
MTR22
180/55ZR17”
▲
280 (2.8)
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
107
SPARK PLUGS
Standard ................................................................
- Alternative ...........................................................
Spark plug gap.......................................................
Resistance .............................................................
NGK R DCPR9E
NGK R DCPR8E
0.6 – 0.7 mm
5 kΩ
Battery....................................................................
Main fuses..............................................................
Secondary fuses ...................................................
Generator (with permanent magnet) .....................
12 V – 12 Ah
30 A
15 A
12 V – 400 W
BULBS
Low beam (halogen) ..............................................
High beam (halogen) .............................................
Front parking light ..................................................
Direction indicators ................................................
Rear parking lights/Stoplight ..................................
Number plate light..................................................
12 V – 55 W H7
12 V – 55 W H7
12 V – 5 W
12 V – 10 W
12 V – 5 / 21 W
12 V – 5 W
WARNING LIGHTS
Neutral ...................................................................
Direction indicators ................................................
Low fuel..................................................................
High beam..............................................................
Stand down ............................................................
Engine oil pressure ................................................
Diagnostics ............................................................
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
ELECTRIC SYSTEM
108
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
,5"2)#!.4 #(!24
0
Engine oil (recommended):
EXTRA RAID 4, SAE 15W - 50 or
TEC 4T SAE 15W - 50.
As an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use high-quality oils with characteristics in compliance with or superior to the
CCMC G-4, A.P.I. SG specifications.
Fork oil (recommended):
0
0
F.A. 5W or
F.A. 20 W fork oil;
an alternative
FORK 5W or
FORK 20W fork oil.
If you need an oil with intermediate characteristics in comparison with the
F.A. 5W and
FORK 20W, these can be mixed as indicated below:
0
SAE 10W =
SAE 15W =
0 F.A. 20 W or
FORK 5W and
0 F.A. 5W 67% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 33% of the volume or
FORK 5W 67% of the volume +
FORK 20W 33% of the volume.
FORK 5W 33% of the volume +
FORK 20W 67% of the volume.
0 F.A. 5W 33% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 67% of the volume or
0
Bearings and other lubrication points (recommended):
AUTOGREASE MP or
GREASE 30.
As an alternative to the recommended product, use high-quality grease for rolling bearings, working temperature range -30 °C…+140 °C,
dripping point 150 °C…230 °C, high protection against corrosion, good resistance to water and oxidation.
Protection of the battery poles: neutral grease or vaseline.
Spray grease for chains (recommended):
0 CHAIN SPRAY or
CHAIN LUBE.
aWARNING
Brake fluid (recommended):
0
Use new brake fluid only.
F.F., DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible) or
BRAKE 5.1, DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible).
aWARNING
Clutch fluid (recommended):
0
Use new clutch fluid only.
F.F., DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible) or
BRAKE 5.1, DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible).
aWARNING
Use only antifreeze and anticorrosive without nitrite, ensuring protection at -35 °C at least.
Engine coolant (recommended):
0 ECOBLU -40 °C or
COOL.
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
109
./4%
!3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9
110
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
./4%
!3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
111
)MPORTERS
112
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
)MPORTERS
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
113
7)2).' $)!'2!- 234 MILLE &UTURA
114
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
7)2).' $)!'2!- +%9 234 MILLE &UTURA
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
Multiple connectors
Speed sensor
High beam relay
Low beam relay
Horn
Left dimmer switch
Blinking
Air thermistor (dashboard)
Dashboard
Coolant temperature thermistor
(dashboard)
Engine oil pressure switch
Right dimmer switch
Ignition switch
Engine stop relay
Fall sensor
Fuel pump relay
Rear right direction indicator
Parking light bulb/rear stoplight
Parking light bulb/rear stoplight
Rear left direction indicator
Rear light
Rear stoplight switch
Front stoplight switch
Number plate bulb
Diode module
Clutch control lever switch
Neutral gear switch
Side stand switch
Starter
Start relay
Battery
Main fuses (30A) (ignition)
TEST connectors
34) Secondary fuses (15A)
A - headlight, dashboard
B - fuel pump
C - parking lights, rear stoplights,
horn, direction indicators
D - start, safety logic
E - free
35) –
36) Pick up
37) Generator
38) Voltage regulator
39) Injection relay
40) –
41) Rear cylinder injector
42) Front cylinder injector
43) Cooling fans
44) Low fuel sensor
45) Fuel pump
46) Air thermistor (electronic unit)
47) Coolant temperature thermistor
(electronic unit)
48) Throttle valve position sensor
49) Rear cylinder coil
50) Rear cylinder coil
51) Front cylinder coil
52) Front cylinder coil
53) Spark plugs
54) Automatic air
55) Electronic unit
56) Front left direction indicator
57) Front parking light bulb
58) Low beam bulb
59) High beam bulbs
60) High beam bulbs
61)
62)
63)
64)
65)
66)
67)
68)
69)
70)
71)
72)
73)
Headlight
Front right direction indicator
Amber low fuel warning light LED
Side stand down war warning light
LED
Neutral warning light LED
Direction indicator warning light LED
Engine oil pressure warning light LED
High beam warning light LED
Diagnostic warning light LED
Revolution counter
Multifunction display (right side)
Multifunction display (left side)
Diagnostic connection
#!",% #/,/523
Ar
Az
B
Bi
G
Gr
Orange
Light blue
Blue
White
Yellow
Grey
M
N
R
V
Vi
Ro
Brown
Black
Red
Green
Violet
Pink
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
115
aprilia s.p.a.wishes to thank its customers for the purchase of this vehicle:
– Do not dispose of oil, fuel, polluting substances and components in the environment.
– Do not keep the engine running if it isn’t necessary.
– Avoid disturbing noises.
– Respect nature.
116
use and maintenance RST mille Futura
Download PDF