Epson | Ap1310-DC | User guide | Epson Ap1310-DC User guide

ABLE Systems Limited
DENTON DRIVE, NORTHWICH, CHESHIRE, CW9 7TU, ENGLAND
Tel: +44 (0)1606 48621
Fax:+44 (0)1606 44903
e-mail: contact@able-systems.com
Website: www.able-systems.com
USER GUIDE
to the
Ap1310-DC
Thermal Printer
Revision:
Filename:
Date:
“1.2”
“AP1310DCusg12.doc”
“28 May 2008”
1
1
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3
3.1
3.2
4
4.1
4.2
5
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
7
7.1
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table Of Contents ........................................................................................................................ 2
Introduction................................................................................................................................... 3
Notes on Printer Firmware Revisions (Including Flash) ........................................................... 3
Copyright Notice And Disclaimer.............................................................................................. 3
Documentation Revision History .............................................................................................. 3
Ordering Part Codes, Options and Accessories....................................................................... 4
Modes Of Operation ..................................................................................................................... 5
Idle Mode .................................................................................................................................. 5
Spool Mode............................................................................................................................... 5
Paper............................................................................................................................................ 6
Loading Paper .......................................................................................................................... 6
Paper Out and Head Up Sensors............................................................................................. 6
Led Indications ............................................................................................................................. 7
Printer Operation and Programming ............................................................................................ 8
Data Buffer................................................................................................................................ 8
Spool Mode............................................................................................................................... 8
Character Printing and Fonts.................................................................................................... 8
Graphics Printing and Other Programming Modes .................................................................. 8
Interface Details ........................................................................................................................... 9
RS-232 Serial Interface ............................................................................................................ 9
Connections and EMC Precautions ........................................................................................... 10
CABLING Details .................................................................................................................... 10
MOULDED CABLE CONNECTION INFORMATION ............................................................. 10
Power Supply Details ............................................................................................................. 10
Alternative Power Supply Arrangements................................................................................ 10
Data Cable.............................................................................................................................. 11
EMC Statement ...................................................................................................................... 11
EMC Caution .......................................................................................................................... 11
Getting Started ........................................................................................................................... 12
Connecting to a PC – A Checklist .......................................................................................... 12
Windows™ Printer Drivers ..................................................................................................... 12
Your Application Program....................................................................................................... 13
On-Line Information ................................................................................................................ 13
If All Else Fails... ..................................................................................................................... 13
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 2 of 13
2
INTRODUCTION
This document is a User Guide, written for the person connecting and using the Able Systems
Ap1310-DC thermal printer.
Please read this Guide carefully before making any connection.
A separate Programmer Guide provides details of the control codes, and describes the internal
operation of these products.
2.1
NOTES ON PRINTER FIRMWARE REVISIONS (INCLUDING FLASH)
Able Systems reserves the right to modify and improve the firmware in its printer products at any time.
Whilst every effort is made to ensure backward compatibility, no guarantee in this respect is given or
implied.
The Ap1310-DC includes a flash-reprogramable microcontroller. This allows firmware upgrades
under customer control (including customised fonts, which may be created using the Able Systems
Font Editor Utility). Refer to the factory for more information in this feature, if required.
2.2
COPYRIGHT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER
Copyright subsists in all Able Systems intellectual property, including controller firmware (embedded
software) and circuit diagrams, pin connection lists and application data. No warranty in respect of
patent rights of Able Systems Limited or of third parties is given. Unauthorised reproduction or
amendment of controller firmware may result in prosecution.
Design Registration of the Ap1310 range of printers has been applied for.
Fujitsu is a registered mark of its owner Fujitsu Limited. References to this or other owners' marks in
this document are for illustrative purposes only.
Able Systems do not assume responsibility for interchangeable functionality of other parties'
command sets.
2.3
DOCUMENTATION REVISION HISTORY
Title
User Guide to the Ap1310-DC
User Guide to the Ap1310-DC
User Guide to the Ap1310-DC
Rev
1.0
1.1
1.2
Issue Date
11 May 2007
04 Sep 2007
28 May 2008
Comments
Original release
Minor corrections
Minor corrections
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 3 of 13
2.4
ORDERING PART CODES, OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
The following table details full Able Systems part codes for products related to the Ap1310-DC printer:
Printer
ASL Product Code
AP1310-DC
Description
Standard RS-232 printer suitable for direct powered operation
Evaluation
Kits
Ap1310-DC-KIT1
Complete kit suitable for evaluation of AP1310-DC printer
Each kit contains the following items:
Ap1310DC Printer with 6 core, 85cm length combined data and power cable
Two 55 mm diameter paper rolls (approx 33m length)
Wall bracket/belt clip
Quick-start guide
(N.B. Alternative items may be substituted if stock is unavailable)
Paper
A05836TPR1
A05856TPR1
Thermal Paper Roll (35 mm dia, 13.5 m long approx)
Thermal Paper Roll (55 mm dia, 33.5 m long approx)
Cables and
Adaptors
Support
Utilities
AP1300BR-01
Wall-mounting bracket and fixing kit
AP800FEU
Setup Utility
Flash Upgrade Utility
Windows Drivers
Font Editor Utility software for PC
}
} Available from the factory on request.
}
N.B. The list of options and accessories available is likely to change over time. Please check our
web site ( http://www.able-systems.com ) for the most up-to-date information.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 4 of 13
3
MODES OF OPERATION
The Ap1310-DC has two operating modes, when not actually printing:
"Idle Mode": ready to accept data, but no data are in the buffer awaiting printing, and the
printer motor is not running;
"Spool Mode": active, but storing data for later printing.
Modes are indicated by different colour combinations on the front-panel LED (see section 6).
The Ap1310-DC may optionally be supplied configured as permanently powered on whenever the
power supply is connected and switched on - Please contact the factory for more information on this.
The Ap1310-DC may optionally be supplied a sleep mode feature (like the battery powered AP1310
product) – Please contact the factory for more information on this, if required.
3.1
IDLE MODE
In idle mode, the printer is ready to receive data, which will be printed as soon as complete lines or
graphics patterns are decoded. It responds to the paper feed button in the normal way, and can also
produce a demonstration print (see below).
3.2
SPOOL MODE
In spool mode, data is received and stored, but not printed. This is useful when printing needs to be
suppressed during data transfer (for example in mobile radio systems); or when the printer is unable
to print because the paper has run out or the lid is open.
The Ap1310-DC will automatically enter spool mode when the paper is out, when the head is up, or if
some other error condition occurs, or alternatively by command from the host. Spool mode may be
cleared by host command, automatically when the condition is cleared, or by "double-clicking" the
feed button.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 5 of 13
4
PAPER
Pressing the paper feed button when the printer is idle, or in spool mode, advances paper at typically
50 mm per second. However, the feed button has additional functions:
"Double-clicking" the button: (i.e. pressing and releasing twice in quick succession just like a PC mouse)
in idle mode, prints a demo/test message including the firmware version, encoded
calibration data, and the full character set;
in spool mode, or having been out of paper, prints any stored data and enters idle mode.
Some of the functions of the paper feed button can be invoked or disabled under control of the host.
4.1
LOADING PAPER
Paper rolls must be 57.5 ± 0.5 mm wide, 55 mm maximum diameter, and have the thermally sensitive
coating on the outside. The printer can accept rolls which are coreless or wound on a core.
Suitable rolls are available as ASL Product Code:
A05856TPR1 Thermal Paper Roll (55 mm dia, 33.5 m long approx)
The procedure for loading paper is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Slide the Lid Release Button forwards until the Lid springs open.
Unwind a small amount of paper from the roll and Insert the Paper Roll into the Printer.
Close the Lid down, and the paper is loaded.
After loading, check that the paper is straight and advances properly, and tear off any excess by
pulling the paper sharply towards you across the serrated tear bar. In the event of a jam or other
paper loading problem, release the lid and straighten the paper before closing again.
4.2
PAPER OUT AND HEAD UP SENSORS
A reflective optical Paper Out sensor within the mechanism detects an out-of-paper condition, and/or
senses black marks to register with pre-printed forms. A mechanical Head Up sensor detects when
the lid is open.
By default, the printer enters Spool mode automatically if either sensor becomes active. Spool mode
is automatically exited, and any stored data printed, when new paper is loaded and the lid closed.
This behaviour may be modified. Please refer to the Programmers’ Guide for details of how to
configure these functions.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 6 of 13
5
LED INDICATIONS
The LED indicator at the front of the Ap1310-DC has a number of colour combinations, which repeat
in up to a 4-phase pattern to provide status information (see table below).
In summary, if the LED is constant green it indicates that the printer is operating normally. Flashing
on and off indicates that Spool mode is active and no printing can take place. Red warns of a low
power supply voltage or other problem. No light indicates that the unit is off.
LED Pattern Table
Pattern
Constant Green
Fast Flashing Green
Long Green - Short Red
Short Green - Short Red
Fast Flashing Red
No light
Power Status
OK
OK
Low Voltage
Low Voltage
Error Condition
Buffer Mode
Normal
Spool *
Normal
Spool *
Spool (Printing prohibited)
Printer is off
* (Spool may have resulted from Paper Out or Head Up conditions)
Although this table may seem complicated, few applications will produce many of the combinations.
Other LED Patterns
Other LED patterns may be programmed into the Ap1310-DC on request or by the system designer.
Please refer to the Programmers’ Guide for details of how to configure these functions.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 7 of 13
6
PRINTER OPERATION AND PROGRAMMING
The Ap1310-DC utilises a Fujitsu FTP-628MCL103 printer mechanism, with a fixed (parallel) print
head with 384 horizontally-arranged thermal elements. The paper is advanced by a stepper motor,
and printing takes place in a single dot row for each step of the paper. Each printed dot is
approximately 1/8 mm square. The printing speed and dot density are controlled according to the
power supply voltage and the head temperature.
Various printing modes, including graphics, are invoked by 'Escape' sequences. Control codes and
status report protocols are described in detail in the Programmers' Guide, available separately.
6.1
DATA BUFFER
The Ap1310-DC has a nominal 20k byte buffer to optimise throughput: this enables data to be
received into the buffer while previous lines are being printed. Printing will be initiated on receipt of a
valid logical line of data or a complete graphics pattern.
The buffer may be cleared by data command or by a hardware reset. A partially full line will be
printed on receipt of an appropriate control code, or after a programmable timeout delay.
6.2
SPOOL MODE
Spool mode is can be entered by:
a command from the host;
Paper Out condition or Head Up condition being sensed;
an error condition (e.g. head over temperature, power supply over voltage, etc).
In spool mode, the buffered data are stored without being printed until the mode is exited by:
a command from the host;
the 'causing condition' (e.g. Paper Out or Head Up) being cleared;
the paper feed button being double-clicked.
6.3
CHARACTER PRINTING AND FONTS
The default 32-column character set is formed from a 24x10 dot matrix, and is based on the industry
standard IBM® character set Code Page 437. This character set has been modified to include the
Euro symbol (‘€’) at position 80H (128 Decimal), in place of the usual capital C with cedilla (‘Ç’).
Various combinations of single or double width, single or double height, inverted, underlined, and
other attributes may be mixed within a line.
Customised fonts may be created using the Able Systems Font Editor Utility, and downloaded to the
Ap1310-DC. Only a single custom font may be loaded in the printer at one time, and having a custom
font installed prevents the internal fonts from being accessed. Depending on the attributes of the
custom font, graphics operations, and hence operation with the Windows driver, may be affected.
6.4
GRAPHICS PRINTING AND OTHER PROGRAMMING MODES
Various dot-addressable graphics modes are supported, at up to 384 dots per line. The Windows
driver operates in the graphics mode. Refer to the Programmer’s Guide for full details of this and other
advanced programming modes.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 8 of 13
7
7.1
INTERFACE DETAILS
RS-232 SERIAL INTERFACE
The Ap1310-DC printer has an industry standard RS-232 interface. The default parameters are 9600
baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and no parity. Other baud rates can be programmed by control codes, or
by using a setup utility available from the factory.
Serial data is expected in standard RS-232C format with -12V meaning 'mark' or '1' and +12V a
logical '0', with reference to the common ground. The serial data output line, TxD, transmits
XON/XOFF and status information to the host at the same Baud rate and in the same format as the
serial data input. The hardware busy line is true (nominal -12V) when busy. Both serial output lines
will relax to approximately 0V when the Ap1310-DC is off, and the user must allow a short period after
switching on before relying on the values of these signals.
Some host equipment use a constant space condition (+12V) to indicate a reset condition or wait
state. Some battery powered host equipment present the same output signal when they go to sleep.
The Ap1310-DC can be set to ignore this condition as detailed in the Programmer’s Guide, but even
then this type of host behaviour may result in one or more spurious characters being received and
printed.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 9 of 13
8
8.1
CONNECTIONS AND EMC PRECAUTIONS
CABLING DETAILS
The Ap1310-DC has a single moulded cable, see below for connection details.
8.2
MOULDED CABLE CONNECTION INFORMATION
User Cable Detail
Colour
(typical*)
Red
Black
Input / Output
(Ap1310-DC)
i/p
i/p
White
Blue
Orange
Green
i/p
i/p
o/p
o/p
Ap1310-DC Function
Positive Battery Input (+)
0V Common (RS-232 signal return and
power supply common)
Shutdown Input (Active Low)
RS-232 Rx data
RS-232 Tx data
RS-232 Busy
* Cable colours correct at time of writing for cable marked ‘ALPHA WIRE H1 P/N 1176C’ and
are subject to variations according to the cable supplier, if in doubt please contact the factory.
8.3
POWER SUPPLY DETAILS
The Ap1310-DC is directly powered through the moulded cable exiting the rear of the printer.
The printer is designed for direct connection to a +12V or +24V vehicle battery.
On models with the shutdown feature enabled, apply a voltage of 2V or greater to the shutdown Input
to wake the printer.
Alternatively, the user may make their own power supply arrangements as described in Section 8.4.
8.4
ALTERNATIVE POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENTS
The Ap1310-DC is designed to be operated from a 9V to 36V voltage source that is capable of
supplying the primary power for the printer.
The electrical specification for the power supply input of the Ap1310-DC printer is:
Input Voltage Range:
+9V to +36V
Supply Current Requirement:
( typical @12V in )
100mA
2A average
7A peak
(internal over voltage at 37V and reversal protection)
( Printer in Idle Mode )
( Printer Printing
)
( Printer Printing
)
N.B. The average and peak current requirements can be adjusted by firmware control codes.
See the Programmer Guide or contact Able Systems for details.
The recommended power supply input is either a 12V or 24V vehicle battery, this allows the printer to
perform at its best. However, the printer will automatically accommodate any DC input voltage in the
range 9V to 36V. In addition, power supplies with lower current capacities may be accommodated by
varying the internal PowerSave parameter. See the Programmers Guide or contact the factory for
more details.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 10 of 13
8.5
DATA CABLE
You can attach a suitable data cable terminated with a female D9 connector. As a guide the pinout for
a standard 9 way PC comm port (male) is given below.
D-9 Pin
3
2
6&8
5
8.6
Name
TxD
RxD
CTS & DSR
SGND
Function (refers to PC)
Serial Data Output
Serial Data Input
Busy Input
Signal Common 0V
EMC STATEMENT
The Ap1310-DC is fully EMC (Electro-Magnetic Compatibility) compliant and is CE marked
accordingly. A Declaration of Conformity, in accordance with the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC (and as
amended) is available from Able Systems on request. The Ap1310-DC also carries an automotive emark that applies, provided the printer is installed in-line with the directive.
8.7
EMC Caution
System EMC compliance remains the responsibility of the system designer. It is recommended that
screened cables are used; earthing arrangements will depend on the application. Further advice is
available from Able Systems on request.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 11 of 13
9
GETTING STARTED
You may find that you can connect up the printer to your Personal Computer (PC), and everything
works perfectly first time. However, there are many variables, and the following guide may help if you
find you need some assistance. These are only suggestions, and may not work with all PC’s.
9.1
CONNECTING TO A PC – A CHECKLIST
First, you need to GET THE PRINTER GOING
Make sure that the power supply is switched on and connected. The LED indicator should light; if it
does not, check the power supply and connections.
Load paper and then press the feed button to check that paper feeds. Press the paper feed button
again twice in quick succession (like double-clicking a PC mouse) and the printer should print a selftest message. This will show that the printer is operational, and also reports the way in which the
printer’s serial data interface is configured.
Next, you need to make some HARDWARE CONNECTIONS
The back panel of a PC typically includes several D-type (keystone-shaped) connectors. One of
these is usually:
D-9 Plug (male):
COM1: Serial port for mouse, modem, serial printer, etc
You can use any available serial port for the Ap1310-DC. COM1: is assumed in what follows, as most
likely to be available.
You will need a suitable cable. Use either a standard cable from Able Systems (see Section ‘8.4 Data
Cable‘), or make up your own using the information in the same section.
Now you will need to SET UP YOUR COMPUTER’S SERIAL PORT to match the printer (it is also
possible to change the printer’s settings, but not until you have established communication with
the computer).
Your proposed application program may have a way of doing this, or you can get to the DOS prompt
[eg C:\>] and type the following command line (assuming you have connected the printer to COM1:):
MODE COM1:9600,N,8,2 [RETURN]
This will set up the port (COM1:) to 9600 baud, No parity, 8 data bits, and 2 stop bits which is the
default setting for the Ap1310-DC.
Now, SEND SOME DATA TO THE PRINTER from your computer. An easy way to do this from
the DOS prompt is to type:
DIR >COM1: [RETURN]
This should send a directory listing to the printer. The lines will probably overflow, but it will at least
show that the communication between the computer and the printer is working.
You can also send data from QBASIC:
OPEN “COM1:9600,N,8,2” FOR RANDOM AS #1
PRINT#1, “Hello”
Alternatively, in Windows, use the TERMINAL program to send some text to the printer.
Or, you can use the special Able Systems set-up software AP8612.EXE which we can supply on a
floppy disc, or by e-mail on request: this will allow the printer settings to be changed and includes
some diagnostic routines.
9.2
WINDOWS™ PRINTER DRIVERS
A Windows driver specifically written for the Ap1300 range of printers is available from Able Systems,
and can be requested by email via our World Wide Web site (see below). It may be necessary to
adjust some settings in your Application to produce the desired result.
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 12 of 13
It is important to recognise that other Windows printer drivers, even for ESCPOS compatible printers,
may not work with the Ap1310-DC, as they format everything as dot graphics patterns, in a way which
is unique to each kind of printer. The Windows “Generic Text Only” printer driver should, however,
work in a limited manner.
9.3
YOUR APPLICATION PROGRAM
Once communications between your computer and the printer have been established, you can try
driving the printer from your application program. As referred to in the Programmers Guide, the
Ap1310-DC has a control code set based on the EPSON ESCPOS protocol. Many of the commands
are as closely compatible as they can be, given the mechanical differences between printers, but if
the application program was originally written for another printer, it may need to be modified.
9.4
ON-LINE INFORMATION
Able Systems maintains a site on the World Wide Web. This includes application data updates,
product announcements, and e-mail facilities for customer support.
The Windows Driver can be requested from this site: please note that this is a third-party product, and
Able Systems do not accept responsibility for the installation or use of this program. Further details
are given on the web site.
The URL of our web site is:
Our e-mail address is:
9.5
http://www.able-systems.com
contact@able-systems.com
IF ALL ELSE FAILS...
You are always welcome to contact Able Systems or your local supplier for specific assistance.
We would also appreciate reports of any errors in our documentation, or suggested improvements.
Copyright © Able Systems Limited 2008. All Rights Reserved
Ap1310-DC User Guide Page 13 of 13
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