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UFC 1-300-02
1 April 2014
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE
SPECIFICATIONS (UFGS) FORMAT
STANDARD
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED
UFC 1-300-02
1 April 2014
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS (UFGS) FORMAT STANDARD
Any copyrighted material included in this UFC is identified at its point of use.
Use of the copyrighted material apart from this UFC must have the permission of the
copyright holder.
U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS
NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND (Preparing Activity)
AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER CENTER
Record of Changes (changes are indicated by \1\ ... /1/)
Change No.
Date
Location
This UFC supersedes UFC 1-300-02, dated 1 September 2004, with Changes 1-4.
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FOREWORD
The Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) system is prescribed by MIL-STD 3007 and provides
planning, design, construction, sustainment, restoration, and modernization criteria, and applies
to the Military Departments, the Defense Agencies, and the DoD Field Activities in accordance
with USD (AT&L) Memorandum dated 29 May 2002. UFC will be used for all DoD projects and
work for other customers where appropriate. All construction outside of the United States is
also governed by Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA), Host Nation Funded Construction
Agreements (HNFA), and in some instances, Bilateral Infrastructure Agreements (BIA.)
Therefore, the acquisition team must ensure compliance with the most stringent of the UFC, the
SOFA, the HNFA, and the BIA, as applicable.
UFC are living documents and will be periodically reviewed, updated, and made available to
users as part of the Services’ responsibility for providing technical criteria for military
construction. Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE), Naval Facilities
Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and Air Force Civil Engineer Center (AFCEC) are
responsible for administration of the UFC system. Defense agencies should contact the
preparing service for document interpretation and improvements. Technical content of UFC is
the responsibility of the cognizant DoD working group. Recommended changes with supporting
rationale should be sent to the respective service proponent office by the following electronic
form: Criteria Change Request. The form is also accessible from the Internet sites listed below.
UFC are effective upon issuance and are distributed only in electronic media from the following
source:
• Whole Building Design Guide web site http://dod.wbdg.org/.
Refer to UFC 1-200-01, General Building Requirements, for implementation of new issuances
on projects.
AUTHORIZED BY:
JAMES C. DALTON, P.E.
JOSEPH E. GOTT, P.E.
Chief, Engineering and Construction
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Chief Engineer
Naval Facilities Engineering Command
JOE SCIABICA, SES
MICHAEL McANDREW
Director
Director, Facilities Investment and Management
Air Force Civil Engineer Center
Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense
(Installations and Environment)
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UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
REVISION SUMMARY SHEET
Document: UFC 1-300-02, UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS (UFGS)
FORMAT STANDARD
Superseding: UFC 1-300-02, dated 1 September 2004, with Changes 1-4
Description of Changes:
•
This document is a complete update to UFC 1-300-02, establishing criteria and
standards for development and preparation of UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE
SPECIFICATIONS (UFGS).
Reasons for Changes:
• Further unify requirements for preparation of the UFGS.
•
Comply with CSI Masterformat 2012.
•
Coordinate with enhancements to SpecsIntact software capabilities.
Impact:
• There are negligible cost impacts.
Unification Issues:
•
Submittal processes for Army, Navy and Air Force are not unified. Thus,
designations after the submittal items in the Submittal Article are different for the
Army, Navy, and Air Force. The Army uses the Resident Management System
(RMS) to automatically track and manage submittal items, while the Navy and Air
Force do not. The methodology used in a project is dependent on who the
construction agent is for the project, as defined in DoDD 4270.5. Design-Build
(D-B) procedures are different for each DoD Component, thus, this UFC only
addresses D-B as necessary for the Submittal Article. Requirements for each
Component are provided in separate criteria.
•
Processes for submittal of project specifications packages by each DoD
Component are not unified due to differences among organizational, operational
and administrative structure and processes.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................... 7
1-1
PURPOSE AND SCOPE ........................................................................... 7
1-2
APPLICABILITY ......................................................................................... 7
1-3
REFERENCES .......................................................................................... 7
1-4
CONTENT AND FORMAT ......................................................................... 8
1-4.1
Content Guidance .................................................................................. 8
1-4.2
Editing UFGS for Projects ...................................................................... 9
1-4.3
Notes in UFGS....................................................................................... 3
CHAPTER 2 UFGS REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................... 11
2-1
ORGANIZATION ..................................................................................... 11
2-1.1
Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) ........................................... 11
2-1.2
Table of Contents ................................................................................ 11
2-1.3
Appendices .......................................................................................... 11
2-1.4
Figures ................................................................................................. 11
2-2
FORMAT.................................................................................................. 11
2-2.1
Electronic File Format .......................................................................... 11
2-2.2
Section Numbering .............................................................................. 12
2-2.3
Part and Subpart Numbering ............................................................... 12
2-2.4
Subpart Titles....................................................................................... 13
2-2.5
Units of Measure (English or Metric) .................................................... 13
2-2.6
Reference Publications ........................................................................ 13
2-2.7
Cross References ................................................................................ 13
2-2.8
Brackets ............................................................................................... 14
2-2.9
Tailoring Options.................................................................................. 14
2-2.10
Submittal Items .................................................................................... 14
2-3
WRITING STYLE ..................................................................................... 16
2-3.1
Mood, Tense, and Voice ...................................................................... 16
2-3.2
Abbreviations and Acronyms ............................................................... 17
2-3.3
Units .................................................................................................... 17
2-3.4
Terminology ......................................................................................... 17
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2-3.5
Symbols ............................................................................................... 17
2-3.6
Pronouns ............................................................................................. 18
2-3.7
Capitalization ....................................................................................... 18
2-3.8
Brand Name Specifications.................................................................. 18
2-3.9
“Brand Name or Equal” Specifications ................................................. 19
2-3.10
Warranty Clauses ................................................................................ 19
2-3.11
Contract Clauses ................................................................................. 19
2-3.12
Specifying New Items .......................................................................... 19
2-4
TABLES AND FORMS............................................................................. 20
2-4.1
Formatted Tables................................................................................. 20
2-4.2
Forms, Hyperlinks and URLs ............................................................... 20
2-5
MODIFICATIONS .................................................................................... 20
2-5.1
Clerical Repairs ................................................................................... 20
2-5.2
Change ................................................................................................ 20
2-5.3
Revision ............................................................................................... 20
2-5.4
Superseding Dates .............................................................................. 21
2-6
UFGS APPROVAL .................................................................................. 21
APPENDIX A UFGS ORGANIZATION GUIDANCE ..................................................... 23
TABLES
TABLE 2-1 PARTS AND SUBPART NUMBERING ..................................................... 12
TABLE 2-2 SYMBOLS ................................................................................................. 17
TABLE A-1 EXAMPLES OF NUMERIC FORMAT ....................................................... 23
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
1-1
PURPOSE AND SCOPE
This UFC provides guidance for the preparation of Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS). The Services under the auspices of the Tri-Service Engineering
Senior Executive Panel (ESEP) publish the UFGS. A definition of the ESEP is
contained in MIL-STD-3007. Tri-Service committees called Discipline Working Groups
(DWG) prepare the UFGS. Publication of UFGS is only by electronic media available
from the distribution sources indicated in the Foreword of this UFC. UFGS are not
proprietary and are available at no cost to the user.
1-2
APPLICABILITY
This UFC applies to all Tri-Service elements and Contractors preparing UFGS.
Requirements referencing Army, Navy, or Air Force only are applicable where that DoD
Component is the construction agent as defined in DoDD 4270.5, and responsible for
the preparation of the construction contract drawings and specifications as the
designated design and construction agent in executing Military Construction Program
responsibilities.
1-3
REFERENCES
References used in this UFC are:
•
DoD Directive 4270.5, Military Construction, 5 February 2005,
http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/427005p.pdf .
•
MIL-STD-3007F, Department of Defense Standard Practice: Standard Practice
for Unified Facilities Criteria and Unified Facilities Guide Specifications, 13
December 2006, Defense Standardization Program,
http://www.wbdg.org/ccb/FEDMIL/std3007f.pdf.
•
MasterFormat® 2012 Update: Master List of Numbers & Titles for the
Construction Industry, Construction Specifications Institute,
http://www.csinet.org/Main-Menu-Category/CSI-Store/6.aspx
•
SectionFormat™/PageFormat™, The Recommended Format for Construction
Specifications Sections, 2009, Construction Specifications Institute,
http://www.csinet.org/Main-Menu-Category/CSI-Store/6.aspx
•
The CSI Project Delivery Practice Guide, 2011, Construction Specifications
Institute, http://www.csinet.org/Main-Menu-Category/CSI-Store/15
•
The CSI Construction Specifications Practice Guide, 2011, Construction
Specifications Institute, http://www.csinet.org/Main-Menu-Category/CSIStore/15
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•
SpecsIntact Quick Start Guide Traditional, 9 September 2009, National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA),
http://si.ksc.nasa.gov/PDF/LearningGuides/QSGuide.pdf
•
SpecsIntact Quick Start Guide Numeric, 15 June 2011, National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA),
http://si.ksc.nasa.gov/PDF/LearningGuides/QSGuideNumeric.pdf
•
SpecsIntact Quick Start Guide Alphanumeric, 15 June 2011, National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA),
http://si.ksc.nasa.gov/PDF/LearningGuides/QSGuideAlphanumeric.pdf
•
FAR Clause 52.211-6 Brand Name or Equal; General Services Administration
(GSA), http://www.acquisition.gov/far/current/html/52_207_211.html
•
UFC 1-300-09N, Design Procedures, Tri-Service Engineering Senior Executive
Panel, http://dod.wbdg.org/
•
UFGS 01 33 00, Submittal Procedures, Tri-Service Engineering Senior Executive
Panel, http://dod.wbdg.org
1-4
CONTENT AND FORMAT
UFGS are for the purpose of translating design criteria into construction requirements
that have been coordinated with industry, thereby providing requirements for specifiers
to incorporate into construction Contracts. Each DWG is responsible for the technical
content, format, and overall quality of their UFGS. This UFC establishes the general
content and appearance of UFGS publications. The UFGS format is based on the
Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) SectionFormat™ and is designed to be used
with SpecsIntact software. An example layout of UFGS is included in Appendix A, and
SpecsIntact software includes an electronic template in the proper format.
1-4.1
Content Guidance
Since UFGS are a basis for construction Contract documents, write the UFGS in a
manner that will facilitate use on the job and preclude misinterpretations leading to legal
complications. UFGS should reference non-Government standards to the greatest
extent where appropriate and should avoid repeating the requirements of commercially
available criteria and standards. UFGS are broad in their applicability and nongeographical in technical content. In general, requirements or restrictions for specific
localities should not be included in UFGS; however, requirements or limitations for
various climatic or operating conditions are appropriate.
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1-4.2
Editing UFGS for Projects
Edit the UFGS as project specifications to provide for project scope, requirements or
restrictions for specific localities.
1-4.3
Notes in UFGS
Notes in the UFGS provide instructions and guidance to the designers on choices and
alternatives of the pertinent subpart or tailoring options. Embed notes within the
pertinent subpart or tailoring tags of interest so the note is deleted along with the
pertinent subpart or tailoring option.
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This Page Intentionally Left Blank
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CHAPTER 2 UFGS REQUIREMENTS
2-1
ORGANIZATION
Compliance with the guidance provided in this UFC will make the task of preparing
UFGS easier and will result in UFGS that are compatible with others in the system.
SpecsIntact includes a template that complies with this UFC and can be used as a
starting point for preparing new UFGS. Also, use this UFC for project specification
sections for work not covered by UFGS.
2-1.1
Construction Specifications Institute (CSI)
CSI prescribes the use of three parts in each section, and further recommends that a
consistent sequence of subject matter be maintained within each PART. These
recommendations are included in Appendix A and should be followed to the extent
practical in UFGS. Insert the text “Not used.” when a PART has no content.
2-1.2
Table of Contents
The UFGS masters have a Table of Contents as a separate document. The UFGS
sections have no Table of Contents. SpecsIntact generates project and section Table
of Contents automatically as part of the SpecsIntact Print/Publish process. Refer to the
SpecsIntact Quick Start Guide, Process & Print/Publish Settings in Chapter 5. Also
refer to the Attachment tag <ATT> for section attachments (i.e. Appendices, Figures,
Forms) and tag the attachment title within the text to list the attachment title in the
section table of contents.
2-1.3
Appendices
Attaching appendices to a UFGS section is rarely necessary. Create a simple appendix
at the end of a section in SpecsIntact when necessary for project specifications. A
complex appendix may be a separate PDF file and manually inserted into the final
electronic PDF file for the project specification.
2-1.4
Figures
Do not include figures in UFGS sections. When a project requires a figure in the
specification, attach PDF figures to the final electronic specification PDF file.
2-2
FORMAT
2-2.1
Electronic File Format
Use of SpecsIntact software and the SpecsIntact section template in the development of
UFGS are mandatory. The template will assure that page layout, banners, notes, text
paragraphs, tables, fonts, page numbers, headers, and other basic elements of a UFGS
are consistent within each UFGS document and within the UFGS system. SpecsIntact
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files are Extensible Markup Language (XML) format with the extension SEC.
SpecsIntact will also publish UFGS in Adobe Acrobat (PDF extension) and Microsoft
Word (DOC extension) formats. Download SpecsIntact from the SpecsIntact web site
(http://specsintact.ksc.nasa.gov/Index.shtml), and download the PDF SpecsIntact Quick
Start Guide which provides instructions for its use.
The most current version of UFGS is available from the Whole Building Design Guide
DOD web page (http://www.wbdg.org/ccb/ufgs). Individual sections are available in
both PDF and SEC formats. The entire UFGS Master is available in SEC format in a
zipped file with the extension ZIP.
2-2.2
Section Numbering
Each UFGS carries an identifying document or section number and title in accordance
with the CSI MasterFormat® 2012 Update Numbers & Titles (or latest version). If a
number listed in the reference is used, then use the exact title as listed. UFGS with the
5th level designator denote UFGS on the same subjects: "10" for Army, "20" for Navy,
"30" for Air Force, and "40" for NASA (e.g., 31 41 16.11 10). These 5th level
designators facilitate management of specifications and provide identification within
WBDG, the Internet, and the SpecsIntact systems.
2-2.3
Part and Subpart Numbering
Number Parts and subparts (paragraph and subparagraphs) within the UFGS in
accordance with the SpecsIntact numeric system described in SpecsIntact Quick Start
Guide Numeric. Each Part and subpart down to the sixth level is numbered.
Table 2-1 Parts and Subpart Numbering
Parts and Subpart Numbering
PART 1 GENERAL (Part Level)
1.1 ARTICLE (1st Level)
1.1.1 Paragraph (2nd Level)
1.1.1.1 Subparagraph (3rd Level)
1.1.1.1.1 Subparagraph (4th Level)
1.1.1.1.1.1 Subparagraph (5th Level)
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Subparagraph (6th Level)
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2-2.4
Subpart Titles
Each numbered subpart must have a title; uppercase for the first level (ARTICLE) and
title case for the lower level subparts as shown above.
2-2.5
Units of Measure (English or Metric)
SpecsIntact allows selection of either English or Metric units of measure for the project
specifications. Use Metric for measurements when products are available in metric
units, and meet the requirements of the Buy America Act, or for direct field measurements,
e.g., <MET>50 mm<MET>.
2-2.6
Reference Publications
All references in the UFGS section subparts are also listed in the paragraph entitled
"REFERENCES.” Identify standards producing organizations cited in the paragraph
with the acronym in the Unified Master Reference List (UMRL) or provide an appropriate
acronym if the Data Base Manger has assigned none. If there are conflicting acronyms,
use the acronym approved by the database manager. Where dual acronyms may be
used to identify the standards producing organization and an underwriting organization,
such as ANSI/IEEE, use the issuing organization only, IEEE in this case. In the UFGS,
the reference identifier (RID) for the reference must appear and be tagged in the
reference paragraph and at all occurrences in the text using the SpecsIntact software.
The RID must consist of the organization acronym and publication number as stated in
the UMRL. Use the most current reference standard in the UFGS unless specific
reason exists to cite an earlier version of the standard. The reference title must consist
of the year of publication in parenthesis followed by the title as stated in the UMRL.
Separate a reference revision (R), change (C), or similar edition (e.g. editions, errata
(E)), date from the original date with a semi-colon (2009; R 2010; C 2011: E 2012). Use
the UMRL in conjunction with the SpecsIntact software to automatically update the
standards referenced in the UFGS. Use industry reference standards to the maximum
extent possible for products and their installation to reduce the written text in the body of
the UFGS. Avoid quoting or repeating portions of the referenced standard in the text of
the guide specifications unless it is necessary to improve clarity and readability.
2-2.7
Cross References
Avoid cross-referencing other specification sections and paragraphs in other sections or
in the same section. When a section cross-reference is necessary, the format is
Section <SRF>01 23 40</SRF> MISCELLANEOUS (where MISCELLANEOUS is the
full Section title). When necessary to reference paragraphs within the same section,
reference by paragraph title, not by paragraph number, e.g., paragraph EQUIPMENT.
Paragraphs automatically renumber after changes, but paragraph titles do not change.
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2-2.8
Brackets
Use brackets for choices of two or more items, and for blanks requiring designer input.
In addition, brackets may be used to identify text that may not be applicable to all
projects, for example, regional requirements, agency requirements, or non-standard
technical requirements. Unless the bracketed choices are obvious, provide a designer’s
note to assist in the editing of the bracketed items. Provide brackets around five blank
underscored characters ([_____]) to indicate the designer is to provide wording.
2-2.9
Tailoring Options
Tailoring options in the UFGS allow pre-editing of information such as materials,
methods, and agency or regional requirements in the creation of the project
specification. Reconcile agency differences to the greatest extent possible to avoid the
need for tailoring options.
2-2.10
Submittal Items
2-2.10.1
Submittal Item Descriptions
Section 01 33 00 SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES contains general requirements for each
submittal description number, e.g. SD-01, SD-02. UFGS authors must compare the
requirements of each submittal item in a technical section to the item descriptions
provided in Section 01 33 00 Submittal Descriptions paragraph. Only specify the
submittal requirements within the technical UFGS sections that are in addition to those
specified below the Submittal Descriptions in Section 01 33 00.
2-2.10.2
Submittal Items Tagged In the Section Subpart Text
Each submittal item listed in the SUBMITTALS article of the UFGS section must also
appear in one principal subpart text of the section other than the SUBMITTALS article,
exactly as listed in the SUBMITTALS article, and must be appropriately tagged using
the SpecsIntact software. Provide detailed description of the submittal item and
requirements in the section subpart text. Take care to assure the submittal item tagged
in the text reflects the verifiable requirements for that submittal item. Do not list multiple
submittal items separated by commas within submittal tags (i.e. <SUB>Item 1, Item
2</SUB>). Commas are field separators in the submittal register data file and commas
within submittal tags will cause problems when imported into the Resident Management
System (RMS) or Excel spreadsheets.
2-2.10.3
Government Approvals of Submittals
When a "G" follows a submittal item, it indicates Government approval is required for
that item. Only use a "G" in submittal tags for items deemed sufficiently critical,
complex, or aesthetically significant to merit approval by the Government. Submittal
items not designated with a "G" are for information only (FIO) or approved by the
Contractor QC System, depending on terminology used by the agency. The following
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examples show the two acceptable formats for submittals items in the UFGS, one with a
G for a critical submittal and one without.
Critical:
<SUB>Fire Hydrants</SUB>; <SUB>G<TAI OPT=ARMY>[, [_____]]</TAI></SUB>
FIO (no classification):
<SUB>Fire Hydrants</SUB>
2-2.10.4
Submittal Item Reviewers
2-2.10.4.1
Army.
For Army only, the brackets following a "G" on a submittal item indicate a specific
Government reviewer and approval is required for that item. Navy, Air Force and NASA
do not typically use codes following the "G" in their projects. For submittals requiring
Government approval on Army projects, a code of up to three characters within the
submittal tags may follow the "G" designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident Management System (RMS) are “AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office (Engineering Division or other organization in
the District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for Resident Office; and "PO" for Project
Office.
2-2.10.4.2
Navy.
Do not use the brackets following the “G.” For projects, edit UFGS 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES, paragraph FORWARDING SUBMITTALS REQUIRING
GOVERNMENT APPROVAL, to designate who approves Government Approved
submittals.
2-2.10.5
Design-Build Submittals for Design After Award.
2-2.10.5.1
Army.
For Army only, when a "D" follows a submittal item, it indicates Designer of Record
Approval (DA) is required for that item. When a "C" follows a submittal item, it indicates
Government Conformance Review of Design (CR) is required for that item. When an
"R" follows a submittal item, it indicates both a Designer of Record Approval and
Government Conformance Review (DA/CR) is required for that item. When an "A"
follows a submittal item, it indicates both a Designer of Record Approval and
Government Approval (DA/GA) is required for that item.
2-2.10.5.2
Navy.
Comply with UFC 1-300-09N, Design Procedures and contract documents.
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2-2.10.6
Operation and Maintenance Manuals
Section 01 78 23 OPERATION AND MANTENANCE DATA contains specific
requirements for O&M manuals of varying complexity and identifies them by “data
package.” For each SD-10 submittal item in the technical sections, UFGS authors must
refer to section 01 78 23 and specify that item with the appropriate data package
number. Only specify requirements in technical sections that are in addition to those
specified for that data package in Section 01 78 23.
2-3
WRITING STYLE
Write in a direct, active voice with simple, concise sentences as much as possible.
Avoid ambiguous, indefinite terms such as "too short" or "relatively simple." UFGS
should supplement the dimensions, sizes, and relationships shown on the drawings with
requirements for materials, installation, and other non-graphic requirements. Define
what applies in lieu of using "applicable" or other indefinite wording. Do not use
"and/or"; do not use the virgule (/) to substitute for "and" or "or." Do not use "etc."; use
"e.g.," "for instance," or "such as." Do not use “as shown on the drawings” as this
phrase is frequently overlooked by the project specification writer or editor; if used in the
text and the item is not shown on the drawings, then the item is not specified.
2-3.1
Mood, Tense, and Voice
Project specifications are directed to the construction Contractor. Do not use the term
"the Contractor shall." The Contractor is responsible for performing the work as shown
and specified; therefore, there is no reason to use the phrase. In general, use the
imperative mood (e.g., Install equipment) except when clarity requires the use of the
indicative mood (e.g., equipment must). Avoid the use of "shall" and "must;" if use
cannot be avoided, use “must” instead of “shall” unless it changes the meaning of the
sentence. The term “will” indicates Contract requirements performed by the
Government. Specify execution of alternatives with guidance. Use “may” only when
specifying discretionary Government options. Do not use the word “should” in the
specification text for mandatory requirements as “should” implies a recommendation.
“Should” may be in the Notes to indicate desirable procedures that are advisory in
nature. Do not use the term "furnish" unless only delivery of material to the site is
required. Use "provide" to mean "furnish and install." Do not use the word "per" but use
"in accordance with" instead.
Speak only to the Contractor, not the subcontractor, supplier or manufacturer. The
Contractor cannot be directed through the manufacturer or supplier or vice versa.
Stating "the manufacturer must provide," could be interpreted as simply informing the
Contractor that a party other than the Contractor is responsible, comparable to "the
Government will provide." Likewise, there is usually no reason to differentiate between
actions expected of the "Contractor" and the Contractor's various suppliers, to attempt
to do so borders closely on an assignment of work. Do not use the specification to
instruct the Contracting Officer.
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2-3.2
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Use of abbreviations and acronyms must follow the practices within the discipline
involved and define them at their first use in a section. At the first use, write out the
term completely and follow with the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses. Use
abbreviations for units such as psi, cfm, and kW, and be consistent in their use.
2-3.3
Units
Spell out numbers under 10, except units of time and measurement, and use numerals
for numbers 10 and above. Always present dimensions as numerals, but always spell
out "one" and "zero" when used singly. Do not repeat a spelled-out number with a
numeral in parentheses.
2-3.4
Terminology
Avoid the use of colloquial terms or jargon. For example, do not use "bulkhead" for
wall, "deck" for floor, or "head" for toilet. Eliminate redundant and superfluous wording
such as "conforming to," "all," and "type." Avoid the use of indefinite items such as
"etc.," "any," and "and/or." Avoid the use of vague words and phrases or escape
clauses such as “in this specification,” "as may be required," "as necessary," "an
approved type," "as approved/directed/determined by the Contracting Officer," "first
class workmanship," "securely," "thoroughly," "suitable," "properly," "good working
order," "neatly," "carefully," and "installed in a neat and workmanlike manner.” Avoid
the use of long, compound or hyphenated words such as "hereinbefore" and
"hereinafter."
2-3.5
Symbols
Because of potential problems, do not use the following symbols in the UFGS:
Table 2-2 Symbols
Symbol
For
Symbol
For
‘
foot
-
minus
"
inch
+/-
plus or
minus
#
pound
•
by
%
percent
/
per
°
degree
@
at
+
plus
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However, feet and inch symbols are acceptable when both are in a dimension (e.g. 8’8”) and in tables. Avoid or minimize the use of parentheses and quotation marks.
Printer limitations may decapitate or truncate exponents, subscripts, or superscripts.
Spell out such items.
2-3.6
Pronouns
Avoid the use of pronouns "he," "his," "this," "they," "their," "who," "it," and "which."
Pronouns should be used sparingly if at all; it is usually better to repeat the noun.
2-3.7
Capitalization
Capitalize "Contractor," "Contracting Officer," "Government," and “Contract” in
specifications. Use the term "Contracting Officer" rather than the terms “Officer in
Charge of Construction,” “Contracting Officer Representative,” or “Government
Representative.”
2-3.8
Brand Name Specifications
Do not use brand name or restrictive requirements unless it is conclusively established
that no substitute will serve the purpose. Use of brand name items is prohibited unless
formal written approval is obtained from a Level One Contracting Officer. If there are
not two or more manufacturers or suppliers capable of supplying the product specified,
the product must be considered brand name. If use of brand name is authorized,
provide cost estimate in relation to the total project cost, specify the brand name item by
manufacturer's name and catalog number, followed by the phrase: "notwithstanding any
other provision of the Contract, no other product will be acceptable." This statement is
necessary to override the Contract clause that permits substitution of any supposedly
equal product unless such language is used.
Any specification section that contains brand name items must include a notice to that
effect on the first page of the section. Place the following above the section number
and title at the top of the first page of the section:
************************************************************************************************
This Specification Contains Brand Name Products.
************************************************************************************************
The use of brand name items has been the subject of many Contract claims. Project
designers and specifiers must be aware of the restriction on the specification of brand
name items and take special precautions to avoid their use unless formal written
approval is obtained.
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2-3.9
“Brand Name or Equal” Specifications
Refer to FAR Clause 52.211-6 Brand Name or Equal. Avoid the use of “Brand Name or
Equal” Specifications whenever possible. To specify an item as “brand name or equal,”
provide salient characteristics of the brand name items to determine equality.
2-3.10
Warranty Clauses
Ordinarily, do not include warranty clauses in the UFGS. A warranty clause is any
provision that modifies terms of the normal 1-year warranty required by the Contract
clause. There are two classes of exceptions. First, in rare instances, it is acceptable to
extend the period of the warranty based on the judgment of the author, if the industry
routinely provides such extended periods of warranty and the unusually complex nature
of the product makes the provision cost effective on a life-cycle basis, or if UFGS
suggest the extension. Second, it is possible to add terms to a warranty, but only in the
rarest of circumstances and with written approval from an appropriate authority or when
UFGS indicate such an extension has been reviewed and approved by a Level 1
Contracting Officer.
2-3.11
Contract Clauses
Do not repeat the Contract clauses in UFGS. The Contract clauses in the Contract
contain requirements, which affect the general conduct of the work in the Contract. If
these are randomly modified within the specifications, it may weaken or void the
Contract clauses.
2-3.12
Specifying New Items
From time-to-time, requests are made to consider the use of materials that are relatively
new. While the Government encourages innovative solutions, manage risk
appropriately. Take care in specifying items that have not gained widespread
acceptance and use. Usually, service records of new materials do not exist. It is
therefore necessary to base performance on laboratory tests. These tests:
•
Must have been made under the conditions of actual use,
•
Must have been conducted by a reputable, independent laboratory, and
•
Must have factual documentation sufficient to support evaluation of the
material
Most manufacturers will furnish all requested information about a product and answer all
reasonable questions. The manufacturer may also provide a suggested, competitive,
generic type specification section that may be edited for the UFGS. Ensure the item
specified is not a brand name.
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2-4
TABLES AND FORMS
Tables and forms developed with SpecsIntact may be included within the UFGS
section. Otherwise, put tables, figures and forms that can't be included in the UFGS
section on a web site for download, i.e. UFGS GRAPHICS, INCLUDING TABLES
http://www.wbdg.org/ccb/NAVGRAPH/graphtoc.pdf. Provide instructions to the
designer in the UFGS notes to download and append to the end of section in the final
electronic PDF file. Otherwise, provide the hyperlink URL for the Contractor to
download.
2-4.1
Formatted Tables
Formatted tables in UFGS are restricted to the portrait format. The table text font will be
the same as used for the section text. Notes may contain tables.
2-4.2
Forms, Hyperlinks and URLs
Provide instructions in the notes to verify that all forms, hyperlinks and URLs in the
UFGS are valid and current before publishing the project specifications.
2-5
MODIFICATIONS
Update of the UFGS and the modification procedures fall into two categories, Change
and Revision.
2-5.1
Clerical Repairs
A clerical repair consists of non-technical modifications to the specification section. The
modifications are administrative in nature such as typo corrections, update of the
references, spacing corrections, tagging, conformance with CSI and formatting
standards. Do not document clerical repairs in the section banner, Change List or
Revision List.
2-5.2
Change
A Change consists of technical modifications to a specific aspect or subject of the
specification section. The modifications are often associated with resolution of a criteria
change request (CCR). A Change only addresses the specific issue without a review of
the entire specification section. Note the most recent Change in the section banner;
however, do not revise the section date. Provide the nature of the changes to the
Database Managers to incorporate in the Change List.
2-5.3
Revision
A Revision is an updating of various requirements in a UFGS and republication of the
UFGS with a revised date and a superseded section date. A Revision could also be a
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UFC 1-300-02
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complete rewrite or refresh of the UFGS section. Provide the nature of the revisions to
the Database Managers to incorporate in the Revision List.
2-5.4
Superseding Dates
If there is a Revision to the section, change the date in the Section Header (Banner) to
reflect the current release month and year. The previous section number/date will
become the Superseding section number/date.
Example:
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCESA / NASA
UFGS-08 34 73 (November 2009)
--------------------------------------------Superseding
UFGS-08 34 73 (October 2006)
Preparing Activity: NASA
If a section number change has occurred, the previous section number / date will
become the Superseding section number / date.
Example:
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCESA / NASA UFGS-08 34 73.00 40 (November 2009)
-----------------------------------------------------Preparing Activity: NASA
Superseding
UFGS-08 34 73 (August 2009)
Change Section Date below the Section Title to the current Release Date
Example:
<DTE>11/09</DTE>
2-6
UFGS APPROVAL
Coordinate UFGS for approval in accordance with MIL-STD-3007F. DWG technical
representatives must review each UFGS. When appropriate, extend the opportunity for
review to major commands, facility users, and private industry. Preparing activities
must coordinate new and changed UFGS within their agency and with their counterparts
in the other agencies. Upon completion, submit new and revised UFGS to the
Technical Proponent for final review and approval. Changes to UFGS are subject to
coordination and approval of the other agencies whenever the change affects the
technical content of the UFGS. However, the Preparing Activity is always obligated to
consider and resolve requests from other agencies for changes to UFGS.
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This Page Intentionally Left Blank
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APPENDIX A UFGS ORGANIZATION GUIDANCE
The following guidance is based on the paragraph titles and sequence recommended in
the CSI SectionFormat™ Outline. This format has been adopted by the agencies
supporting the SpecsIntact software. Use this arrangement to the extent applicable in
the preparation of UFGS by eliminating paragraphs which do not apply, and adding
additional paragraphs as necessary. It is important that UFGS authors understand that
the paragraphs listed below are not mandatory. Use only those paragraphs that are
applicable to the specified subject, and add any applicable requirements not listed. It is
important to follow the sequence of information provided herein even when adjusting the
paragraph titles to fit the specified subject matter.
Paragraph and subparagraph numbering to the third level must have titles and be
completely numeric. Below the paragraph or subparagraph level, titles are optional and
list and item tags may be used with an alternating alpha-numeric designation. This
format will not translate to the Alphanumeric format and will not automatically renumber.
For example:
Table A-1 Examples of Numeric Format
Numeric without Tags
Numeric with Tags (highlighted in red)
PART 1 GENERAL (Part Level)
<PRT =1><TTL>PART 1 GENERAL</TTL>
1.1 ARTICLE (1st Level)
<SPT =1.1><TTL>1.1 ARTICLE</TTL>
1.1.1 Paragraph (2nd Level)
<SPT =1.1.1><TTL>1.1.1 Paragraph</TTL>
1.1.1.1 Subparagraph (3rd Level)
<SPT =1.1.1.1><TTL>1.1.1.1 Subparagraph</TTL>
a. Example
(1) Example
(a) Example
<LST INDENT=-0.33>a. Example</LST>
<ITM INDENT=-0.33>(1) Example</ITM>
<ITM>(a) Example</ITM>
1. Example
(Do not use ITM progression beyond
this level.)
<ITM INDENT=0.33>1. Example</ITM>
</SPT =1.1.1.1></SPT =1.1.1></SPT =1.1>
Refer to the SpecsIntact Quick Start Guide Numeric for instructions for how to tag
paragraphs using the SpecsIntact software.
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PART 1 GENERAL
1.1 UNIT PRICES
Specify measurement and payment requirements for work subject to extreme variation
in estimated quantity when unit price bidding is required. Do not use this paragraph for
guide specifications covering building components or for other construction features
when quantities can be reasonably calculated from information included in the Contract.
1.2 REFERENCES
List only the publications cited in the text of the guide specification in this paragraph by
organization, designation, date, and title. Reference the publications in the text by basic
designation (Reference Identifier (RID)) only.
1.3 DEFINITIONS
Only use this paragraph to define terms used in the specification section that are not
defined by a commercial or Government standard and to provide a common
interpretation of a term for Contractual purposes.
1.4 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS
Use this paragraph to categorize the requirements as related to the specific section
when more than one of the subordinate titles is required. Omit this when only one of the
subordinate titles is required and use the subordinate title as a primary paragraph title.
1.4.1 Pre-Installation Meetings
Specify requirements for meetings to coordinate the work or to sequence related work
for sensitive and complex items in this paragraph.
1.4.2 Sequencing
Specify requirements for coordinating work done in sequence with, or at the same time
as, work in another section. Specify the particular sequence of events here.
1.4.3 Scheduling
Specify requirements for coordinating work that requires unusual scheduling with work
in other sections. Specify the particular schedule of events here.
1.5 SUBMITTALS
Limit Submittals to those necessary for adequate quality control. Organize submittal
requirements using the following eleven classifications:
SD-01 Preconstruction Submittals
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UFC 1-300-02
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SD-02 Shop Drawings
SD-03 Product Data
SD-04 Samples
SD-05 Design Data
SD-06 Test Reports
SD-07 Certificates
SD-08 Manufacturer’s Instructions
SD-09 Manufacturer’s Field Reports
SD-10 Operation and Maintenance Data
SD-11 Closeout Submittals
1.5.1 Example: Submittal Item Format shown with Tags
<LST><SUB>SD-03 Product Data</SUB></LST>
<ITM><SUB>Submittal Item</SUB>; <SUB>G<TAI OPT=ARMY>[, [_____]]</TAI></ITM>
1.6 MAINTENANCE MATERIAL SUBMITTALS
Categorize maintenance materials requiring no action other than confirmation of receipt
under an explanatory heading.
1.6.1 Spare Parts
Specify extra stock materials and items provided for Government use in facility
operation, maintenance, and repair. Identify the type and quantity here, but include the
actual characteristics of the materials in Part 2. Include items that might be difficult to
obtain because of color or pattern match, or spare parts needed to ensure continued
operation of critical equipment. Identify the items, state the quantities required, and
indicate delivery to whom, when, and where.
1.7 QUALITY CONTROL
1.7.1 Regulatory Requirements
This paragraph includes obligations for compliance with specific code requirements for
Contractor-designed items such as wood trusses, labeling such as Underwriters
Laboratory, Inc., and requirements of public authorities such as state highway
departments.
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1.7.2 Qualifications
This paragraph includes statements of qualifications for Contractor designers,
manufacturers, fabricators, welders, installers, and applicators of products and
completed work.
1.8 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
This paragraph includes the necessary requirements on packing and shipping,
acceptance at site, and storage and protection.
1.9 PROJECT/SITE CONDITIONS
1.9.1 Environmental Requirements
This paragraph establishes any physical or environmental limitations or criteria. Such
conditions might include temperature, weather, humidity, ventilation, and illumination
required for proper installation or application.
1.9.2 Existing Conditions
This paragraph includes statements or references to documents where information may
be found pertaining to such items as existing structures or geophysical reports.
1.10 WARRANTY
This paragraph describes special or extended (more than one year) warranty or bond
covering the conformance and performance of the work of the section. A thorough
understanding of warranties is necessary to develop this paragraph.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
2.1 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Describe performance or design requirements and tolerances of a complete system in
this paragraph. Limit descriptions to composite and operational properties to the extent
necessary to link multiple components of a system together, and to interface with other
systems.
2.1.1 Design Requirements
Design requirements may include criteria for structural, thermal, acoustical, or other
properties. State required tolerances here only as they apply to the performance of the
complete system. Include tolerances of fabrication and installation in their respective
paragraphs under Part 1.
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UFC 1-300-02
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2.1.2 Performance Requirements
Performance requirements may include criteria for structural, thermal, acoustical, or
other properties. State required tolerances here only as they apply to the performance
of the complete system. Include tolerances of fabrication and installation in their
respective paragraphs under Part 2.
2.2 ASSEMBLY [OR] FABRICATION
This paragraph describes items that must be shop manufactured, fabricated, or
assembled before delivery to the site.
2.2.1 Factory Assembly
This paragraph states factory assembly as a result.
2.2.2 Shop Fabrication
This paragraph states shop fabrication as a result, but may include statements of
required methods, trial or permanent assembly of equipment and components away
from the construction site.
2.2.3 Tolerances
Specify allowable variations from specified requirements here.
2.2.4 Finishes
Specify any shop or factory finishing requirements here.
2.3 MANUFACTURED UNITS
This paragraph provides statements describing a complete manufactured unit, usually a
standard catalog item. Statements may include descriptive requirements for the
materials, specific fabrication, finishes, and function. Use separate paragraphs for each
different item when appropriate. The name used for the manufactured unit must be
consistent throughout the guide specification.
2.4 EQUIPMENT
This paragraph provides statements describing the function, operation, and other
specific requirements of equipment installed in the work. Use separate paragraphs for
each different item when appropriate.
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2.5 COMPONENTS
This paragraph provides statements describing the specific components of a system,
manufactured unit, or type of equipment installed in the work. Use separate paragraphs
for each different item when appropriate.
2.6 MATERIALS
Identify the material, system, assembly, or product furnished. Independently
incorporate Materials specified here into the work under PART 3 EXECUTION.
Consistently use the name for the material throughout the guide specification. Omit this
paragraph when the materials can be included with the description of a particular
manufactured unit, equipment, component, or accessory.
2.7 MIXES
This paragraph provides proportions and procedures for mixing materials. Mixing is the
preparation of materials for use and considered to be part of the manufacturing process
even when this work done onsite. This paragraph is required for products such as
asphaltic concrete, portland cement, concrete, mortar, and plaster.
2.8 ACCESSORIES
Provide requirements for subordinate or secondary items that aid and assist primary
products specified above or are necessary for preparation or installation of those items.
This paragraph should not include basic options available for manufactured units and
equipment.
2.9 TESTS, INSPECTIONS, AND VERIFICATIONS
Specify tests, inspections, or verifications of products required at the source here, i.e.,
plant, mill, factory, or shop.
PART 3 EXECUTION
3.1 EXAMINATION
Specify the act of physically determining that conditions are acceptable to receive the
primary products of the section. Specify requirements for verifying suitability of
conditions for installation here. Specify requirements for verifying the absence of
defects or errors that would cause defective installation or application of products, or
cause latent defects in workmanship and function, here.
3.2 PREPARATION
This paragraph covers actions required to physically prepare the surface, area, or site to
incorporate the primary products of the section.
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3.2.1 Protection
This paragraph specifies requirements for protecting the surrounding areas and
surfaces.
3.2.2 Surface Preparation
This paragraph describes preparatory work required prior to installation, application, or
erection of primary products.
3.3 ERECTION
This paragraph covers actions required to accomplish a specified unit of work in the
section, and may include requirements necessary for installation of products furnished
under other sections. If products are to be installed according to manufacturer's
instructions, then the manufacturer's instructions should be a required submittal as
evidence of those requirements. Separate paragraphs for each different item, as
appropriate, may be used. The names of the products or the type of work may be
incorporated into the paragraph titles, in which case the wording should reflect the
generic product or terminology used throughout the Contract documents.
3.4 INSTALLATION
This paragraph may be used when more appropriate than paragraph ERECTION.
3.5 APPLICATION
This paragraph may be used when more appropriate than paragraph ERECTION.
3.5.1 Special Techniques
This paragraph describes special procedures for incorporating products. These
procedures may include spacing, patterns, or unique treatments. The wording of the
paragraph title should reflect the subject matter.
3.5.2 Interface with Other Products
This paragraph provides descriptions specific to compatibility and transition to other
materials. This may include incorporating accessories, anchorage, and any special
separation or bonding.
3.5.3 Tolerances
This paragraph covers allowable variations in application thickness or from indicated
locations.
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3.6 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
3.6.1 Tests
This paragraph defines the tests required for installed or completed work. These tests
are different and separate from those required for materials and products prior to
installation or application.
3.6.2 Inspection
This paragraph defines the inspections required for installed or completed work. These
inspections are different and separate from those required for materials and products
prior to installation or application.
3.6.3 Manufacturer Field Service
This paragraph covers specific requirements when manufacturers are to provide field
quality control with onsite personnel for instruction or supervision of the installation or
application of their products, or for startup or demonstration.
3.7 SYSTEM STARTUP
This paragraph lists actions applicable to the startup of operational systems and
equipment.
3.8 ADJUSTING AND CLEANING
This paragraph provides final actions to prepare installed equipment or other completed
work to properly function or perform.
3.9 CLOSEOUT ACTIVITIES
This paragraph covers requirements for demonstrating, instructing, and training owner’s
personnel on sequence of operations, general facility operation, and facility
maintenance procedures.
3.9.1 Demonstration
This paragraph covers requirements of the installer or manufacturer to demonstrate the
proper operation of equipment.
3.9.2 Training
This paragraph covers requirements of the installer or manufacturer to train the Owner's
personnel in the operation and maintenance of equipment for ongoing facility
management and maintenance.
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3.10 PROTECTION
This paragraph includes provisions for protecting installed work prior to acceptance of
the project. Protection of surrounding areas and surfaces during application or
installation is included in paragraph PREPARATION. Include only statements unique to
the particular section.
3.11 MAINTENANCE
This paragraph covers provisions for maintenance as applicable to critical systems,
equipment, and Storm Water Pollution Protection Plan (SWPPP) landscaping. Service
agreements, if not paid in advance, should be separate from the construction
agreement to avoid delaying the final payment and holding the contract open for
extended periods.
3.12 SCHEDULES
This paragraph includes schedules that indicate where to put what or provides other
coordinating data. Schedules are sometimes placed here in the specification section
rather than on the drawings. (Only the format for a schedule would normally be
included in a UFGS.)
31
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