Evolution Technologies | 58GX2 | User`s guide | Evolution Technologies 58GX2 User`s guide

Evolution Engines
45GX2/58GX2
USER G U I D E
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 1
6/16/06 10:23:12 AM
Before using this engine, please read these instructions carefully.
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the newest and one of the most technically advanced 2-stroke gas model airplane engines in
the world. Whether you are new to the sport of model aviation or an experienced flyer, you will enjoy the features of the new Evolution®
GX engine.
Evolution engines are designed to be the most powerful in their class, extremely easy to start and operate, and provide years of
enjoyable service. These engines incorporate many unique features designed to ensure success with your new engine.
This user’s guide is intended to provide the basic information required to operate and maintain your Evolution GX engine.
Important: While the Evolution engine is extremely easy to operate, if this is your first experience flying a model airplane, it is highly
recommended that you have the help of an experienced modeler during the first few flights. Your local hobby shop or flying club can put
you in touch with an experienced pilot in your area.
Evolution® Engines 2-Year Warranty
This Evolution Engines product is guaranteed to be free from
defects in materials and workmanship for a period of 2 years
from the date of purchase by the original owner. This warranty is not transferable. Horizon Hobby reserves the right
to inspect any and all equipment involved in a warranty
claim. Repair or replacement decisions are also determined
by Horizon Hobby, Inc. Collateral damage of any type is not
covered under this warranty.
the use of this product once it is installed. By the act of using
the installed product, the user accepts all resulting liability.
If the buyer is not prepared to accept the liability associated
with the installation and/or use of this product, the buyer is
advised to return the engine immediately in new and unused
condition to the place of purchase.
This warranty does not cover any component parts damaged
or changed by modification. In no case shall Horizon Hobby
or Evolution Engines liability exceed the original cost of
the engine.
Should your engine require warranty or non-warranty repair
service, please package it carefully and return it to the
address below, along with a copy of the original invoice or
receipt and a detailed letter explaining the problems. Write
your name, address and daytime phone number clearly on
the letter and return it via FedEx, UPS or insured Parcel Post
(Evolution Engines will not be responsible for product lost
en route).
This warranty does not apply to wear from normal use;
damage or defects resulting from misuse, neglect or abuse;
damage caused by customer disassembly, use of substandard fuel, use of incorrect accessories (spark plug, propeller,
etc.); or damage resulting from a crash, or any use of this
engine other than for which it is specifically intended. Any of
the above will automatically void the warranty of the engine.
For repairs not covered under warranty, please specify in your
letter whether you want an estimate of the repair charges
prior to performing the service (which may cause a slight
delay). Payment for non-warranty repairs should be made
by credit card or money order. If you have any questions concerning this or other Evolution products please contact the
Horizon Product Support Team at 877-504-0233.
In that Horizon Hobby has no control over the final installation
and use of this product, the materials used in installation,
or the product in which this engine is installed, no liability
shall be assumed nor accepted for any damage resulting in
4105 Fieldstone Road, Champaign, IL 61822
877-504-0233
productsupport@horizonhobby.com
Evolution/Horizon Service Center
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 2
6/16/06 10:23:12 AM
Mounting the Engine
Fuel for the Evolution Gas Engine
Most model airplane designs make provision for an engine
mount. It is extremely important that the engine mount be
securely attached to the airplane’s firewall and that the engine
is securely attached to the engine mount. Follow the instructions
included with the airplane for mounting the engine. The engine
should be fastened in place with 4 screws. Use 1/4” or 6mm
screws. If you decided to fasten the engine using a flexible motor
mount, always choose parts with enough solidity and strength.
Make sure all screws are tightened and regularly check that they
remain tight and in good condition.
The Evolution gas engine has been designed to run on a mixture
of high-quality unleaded gasoline and synthetic oil intended for
racing 2-stroke gasoline engines. For the break-in period of the
new engine, mix the fuel in a ratio of 30 parts gasoline to 1 part
lubricant. After break in, use a ratio of 40 parts gasoline to 1
part lubricant.
Important: Air is necessary to cool the engine during operation.
Make sure that sufficient air circulation through the cowling is
provided. As a basic reference, the outlet area should be 3–5 times
the area of the inlet area to provide adequate cooling.
Throttle Linkage
Carefully attach the throttle linkage to the engine using a ball
link on the carburetor. Make sure that the linkage is free to
operate from low throttle to high throttle and confirm that the low
throttle setting on the transmitter closes the carburetor butterfly
to the low idle position. Adjust the length of the pushrod until full
throttle opens the carburetor butterfly fully, while low throttle, low
trim completely closes the butterfly.
Attaching the Fuel Lines
Use medium gasoline-compatible fuel line in the fuel tank as
well as the supply line to the engine.
Selecting a Suitable Propeller
The Evolution 45GX and 58GX have been designed to generate
maximum power at 6100–6300 rpm, according to the type
of exhaust used. If you wish to utilize the maximum power
output, choose a propeller which will allow the engine to reach
these revolutions, or slightly lower revolutions (The engine will
unload in the air depending on the aircraft speed and propeller
selected).
We do not recommend using propellers that allow the engine to
reach more than 7500 rpm on the ground.
Suggested Propeller Dimensions
These engines (45GX2 and 58GX2) are designed for optimum
performance and torque when operated between 6100–6400
rpm. Choose your propeller according to the chart and to achieve
approximately 6300 rpm on the ground for best performance
and the lowest noise signature. Maximum horsepower occurs
between 7200–7400 rpm, but expect much higher propeller
noise at these tip speeds.
Aerobatics
45GX
58GX
Two-blade
Three-blade
Two-blade
Three-blade
Scale flying
22x8
24x10
24x12
22x10
21x10
26x8
23x8
21x12
26x10
25x7
26x7
22x12
23x10
22x8
24x8
25x8
26x8
24x9
24x8
22x10
24x9
25x9
26x9
24x10
24x10
24x10
25x10
26x10
24x12
25x12
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 3
6/16/06 10:23:13 AM
Fuel for the Evolution Gas Engine
The Evolution® Gas engine has been designed to run on a mixture of high-quality unleaded gasoline and synthetic oil intended for racing
2-stroke gasoline engines. For the run-in period of the new engine, mix the fuel in a ratio of 30 parts gasoline to 1 part lubricant. After
run-in, use a ratio of 40 parts gasoline to 1 part lubricant.
Starting the Engine
Air Pressure Inlet
Adjusting Needle L
The new Evolution Engine carburetor comes adjusted to a
basic setting. This setting should be maintained during the
initial break in runs.
Adjusting Needle H
Before you first start the engine, make sure that the spark
plug is screwed in and tightened and that the plug socket
is fitted in place and fastened down properly. Fix the ignition
sensor in the proper position above the magnet with the
screws enclosed. Follow the directions in the Ignition System
addendum to program the ignition module in your model.
Important: Never turn the engine over with the ignition turned
on unless the spark plug is inserted in the plug socket. This
could lead to ignition damage.
Choke Lever
Pressure Inlet
58GX Carburetor Shown
Carburetor Adjustments 45GX
Basic setting: Adjust needle (L) for low rpm range 2 turns.
Adjust needle (H) for high rpm 1 turn and 30 minutes.
Carburetor Adjustments 58GX
Basic setting: Adjust needle (L) for low rpm range 1 turn and 45 minutes.
Adjust needle (H) for high rpm 1 turn and 45 minutes.
Starting With Easy Start Feature
1) Make sure the ignition switch is on and the throttle is set at a slightly high idle setting. Be sure to have a helper hold the model
securely. The Easy Start feature will have the choke closed at this time. Give the propeller a few quick flips. If the engine starts, the
Easy Start system will automatically open the choke, and modulate its position as necessary to keep the engine running until warm.
2) If the engine does not start immediately, please note the following:
a) The Easy Start System will keep the choke closed for the first 4 flips of the propeller, then;
b) The choke will go to a half-open position for the next 4 flips of the propeller, then;
c) The choke will be fully opened for the next 4 flips of the propeller, then;
d) The Easy Start system will start the entire sequence over again by closing completely the choke.
3) The above steps assure a situation that will not flood the engine, and allow for easy starting procedures, whether it is your first, or
your tenth, flight of the day.
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 4
6/16/06 10:23:13 AM
Starting the Engine Continued
Starting Without Easy Start Feature
1) When you are ready to start your engine, make sure that the
ignition is switched off, the choke valve is closed and the
throttle valve is partly open. Confirm that fuel is filling the
fuel line to the carburetor then switch the ignition to the on
position. Flip the propeller smartly until the engine fires. With
the choke in the closed position, the engine will fire then quit.
2) Open the choke valve and set the throttle at a slightly high
idle position. Be sure to have a helper hold the model securely.
Give the propeller a few quick flips. When the engine starts,
allow it to idle for 30–45 seconds in order for it to warm up
to operating temperature. At this point you can proceed to
test the carburetor settings before flying your model. See the
following section regarding carburetor adjustment.
3) If the engine does not start, leave the throttle at the high idle
position, turn the ignition off, then on and close the choke
valve. Start the engine with throttle at the fast idle position
and the choke valve closed. The engine should fire and quit. If
it does, repeat step 2 above.
4) At this point, if the engine still will not start, unscrew the
spark plugs and check the contacts. Clean any possible
excess fuel (i.e. an indication of engine flooding) and screw
them in again. Further starting should only be done with the
throttle at idle position and the choke in the open position. If
the plug is dry, then probably not enough fuel has been drawn
into the carburetor. If that is the case, check for proper fuel
feed and then return to the instructions given in paragraph 1.
Having started the engine, leave it running for about 5 minutes at a higher idle speed. Then run it for about 20 minutes, while
changing revolutions from idle to 1/2–3/4 of the range and shortly holding each position—gradually prolong the holding periods. After
10 minutes of operation, open the throttle to maximum for a period of about one minute. At this point, stop the engine and let it cool
down. Then restart it and check the adjustment. If everything is all right, you can make your first flight. During the first few flights. do
not overload the engine and do not let it run at high revolutions for long periods of time (very important during hot weather). Use up all
the fuel that was mixed with the oil that is included with your engine. From then on, fuel and oil should be mixed in the proportion 40:1.
Carburetor Adjustment
First, start and warm the engine for 30–45 seconds before attempting to adjust the carburetor. In order to confirm that your engine is
properly adjusted, you should follow the procedure below.
1) Move the throttle from idle to 2/3 of the full throttle position quickly (fast acceleration). Then repeat three times – if the engine accelerates smoothly, go to
step 3 below. If acceleration is not smooth, go on to step 2.
2) Faulty acceleration and a tendency to quit is usually attributable to a poor fuel mixture in the medium rpm range. Stop the engine and recheck the fuel
feed (the fuel line must not be pinched or broken). Restart the engine and test acceleration again. If the problem persists, adjust the carburetor. Open
the low speed needle by 1/8 turn and retest. If acceleration is smooth, open the needle by another 1/8 turn—this should be done because the needle was
previously set too lean; if atmospheric conditions have changed recently you may have to readjust the needle. If the engine continues to not accelerate
properly, open the low speed needle by 10 minutes. If the engine’s operation does not improve, shut it off and check the basic setting, restart the engine
and test the acceleration. If the engine runs correctly, go to step 3. If it continues to not accelerate properly, open the low speed needle by another 10
minutes. If acceleration is faulty, the defect is likely to lie somewhere other than an incorrect adjustment.
3) If the engine accelerates correctly, according to the above test, set it at idle speed and accelerate to full speed. Repeat twice more. If the engine functions
correctly, go to step 4. If it cuts out, open the low speed needle by another 1/8 turn more.
4) If the engine reacts correctly set it at full speed. If revolutions do not drop, the engine has been adjusted successfully. If revolutions seem to drop, open the
high-speed needle by approx. 5–10 minutes.
Caution! The engine must be stopped while you adjust the carburetor in order to prevent injury by the propeller.
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 5
6/16/06 10:23:14 AM
Troubleshooting Guide
If the engine does not start
Mechanical Faults
- check and use a new spark plug if needed.
(Check the spark: Put the plug into the cable end and by turning
the engine you’ll see the necessary spark. Note: The plug must
touch a metal part of the engine.)
- check fuel lines.
- check for proper mechanical function by turning the
engine over.
- check that the carburetor is correctly installed.
- remove the carburetor cover from the feed side; check
the filter and blow off carburetor with compressed air
(Caution: When using compressed air, use eye protection.);
when re-assembling be careful to maintain the proper order of
the components.
- check the vacuum feed line.
If the engine can not be turned over easily
-a likely cause is the piston in the cylinder is seized: loosen
and unscrew the cylinder bolts.
- carefully remove the cylinder.
- visually examine the piston and crankcase to find the likely
cause of the engine’s mechanical problem.
Note: Mechanical repairs must always be completed by a
professional service department.
Engine Specifications
45GX2
58GX2
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Weight without ignition*
38mm
38mm
45cc / 2.6 cu in
1290 g / 45.5 oz
Maximum power output**
Maximum torque**
5.2 hp / 6200 rpm
4.2 ft-lb / 6100 rpm
Gasoline
Unleaded 95-octane
Weight of ignition unit
RPM range
165 g / 5.8 oz
1000–7500 rpm
Lubrication
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Weight without ignition*
42mm
42mm
58cc / 3.6 cu in
1820 g / 64.2 oz
Maximum power output**
Maximum torque**
8.5 HP / 6950 rpm
5.1 ft-lb / 6400 rpm
Fuel
Unleaded gasoline
Weight of ignition unit
RPM range
165 g / 5.8 oz
1000–7500 rpm
Lubrication
Oil w/gasoline
in mixture 1:40
Oil w/gasoline
in mixture 1:40
* The value in the table above stands for the weight of a completely assembled engine, including the spark plug, carburetor,
drive washer and prop screws.
** Power output varies with the exhaust used. The value given in the table stands for the maximum available power output.
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 6
6/16/06 10:23:14 AM
45GX2 Evolution Engine Dimensions
A
180mm
C
71mm
E
78mm
G
M10x1mm
B
122mm
D
78mm
F
6.6mm
H
55mm
A
190mm
C
75mm
E
78mm
G
M10x1mm
B
140mm
D
78mm
F
6.6mm
H
55mm
58GX2 Evolution Engine Dimensions
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 7
6/16/06 10:23:16 AM
Evolution Engines Easy Start Ignition System
The spark ignition included with your Evolution® gas engine is a modern generation electronic ignition. There are many useful
functions built into the microprocessor of this unit.
In addition to the basic ignition functions, the unit has a FAIL-SAFE feature: After 90 seconds of inactivity it automatically switches to
an inactive state. In order to restart normal operation, it is necessary to turn the battery switch off and then back on. This function will
preserve battery life should the switch be left in the on position during inactivity.
Installation of the Easy Start Ignition Unit
While installing the ignition unit in your model, be careful to have all parts that are connected to the unit and the engine
situated as far as practical from the radio receiver and radio antenna. The throttle servo should be mounted a distance of
8–12 inches from the engine. The spark plug cable must not touch any part of the model structure as vibration may damage
the cable. If this is not practical, it will be necessary to provide an insulation material for the cable. The ignition unit itself
should be wrapped in foam rubber to prevent engine vibration from damaging the electronics. All components must be
protected from contact with engine fuel.
2
1
3
ICU–S
Ignition
LED
3 Programming cable
1
6–8.4V
2
Connect LED indicator to the ignition
box (red/black wire to “+”).
LED
LOW
BATTERY
1.4 sec
1.3 sec
1.2 sec
1.1 sec
Technical data
1 sec
900 ms
800 ms
700 ms
600 ms
500 ms
400 ms
300 ms
200 ms
100 ms
0
LED Blinking Patterns
light
dark
Weight
Power supply
Pre-ignition point
Location of the magnet
Minimum battery capacity
SLEEP
MODE
SHORT
SILENCER
LONG
SILENCER
Using the included connector, plug your
battery pack into the ignition box.
Five seconds after connecting the battery, the LED indicator should go out.
If the LED is blinking after you connect
the battery, the battery’s voltage is
too low.
155 g
2x Li-lo/Li-Po
6x Ni-Cd/Ni-MH
5º
240º / 120º
600mAh
Other features
Easy Start function
Choice of pre-ignition curve
Customizable pre-ignition curve*
Sleep mode after 90 seconds of engine inactivity
Battery level signalization
Ignition goes off if engine runs counterclockwise
*will be released later
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 8
6/16/06 10:23:29 AM
Programming Easy Start Function and Pre-Ignition Curve
1
2
3
5
6
4
7
Disconnect the ignition system’s
battery.
Connect the LED indicator.
Connect the throttle potentiometer
outlet to the throttle channel on your
receiver.
PROG
2
8
Connect the auto-choke servo to
the ignition box (black or brown to
“–” pin).
Switch on your transmitter.
Connect receiver battery with the
receiver.
Connect ignition battery to the ignition.
SERVO
Ignition
LED
3 Programming cable
4 Ignition battery
5 Transmitter
6 Receiver
7 Receiver battery
8 Servo
1
Short Silencer Choke Settings
(e.g., Pitts Style)
Long Silencer Choke Settings
(e.g., Canister or Tuned Pipe)
1) Using the throttle stick, close the choke
until it closes completely. Wait until the LED
blinks once, indicating the ignition has
memorized the “closed choke” position.
1)Using the throttle stick, close the choke
until it closes completely. Wait until the LED
blinks once, indicating the ignition has
memorized the “closed choke” position.
2)Using the throttle stick, open the choke
valve until it is all the way open. Wait until
the LED blinks once indicating the ignition
unit has memorized the “choke
open” position.
2)Using the throttle stick, open the choke
valve until it is all the way open. Wait
until the LED blinks once indicating the ignition unit has memorized
the “choke open” position.
3)Move the choke to the closed position
and hold there for an additional 5
seconds, and the LED will blink rapidly, indicating that the Short Silencer
Preignition program has been set.
3)Leave the choke open for an additional
5 seconds, and the LED will blink slowly,
indicating that the Long Silencer Preignition program has been set.
4)Disconnect the receiver.
4)Disconnect the receiver.
Warnings
Always do a range check with the engine running before the first flight. Use the ignition only in dry conditions. Use recommended number and type of cells for each ignition
type. This product is specified for RC engines only. Do not remove the resister cover if the ignition is on.
Warning: Danger of electric shock (voltage over 20,000V).
Warning: The manufacturer is not responsible for damages caused by not following the manual and/or use with anything other than RC engines.
Warning: Because of possible interference, ignition and accumulators should be placed at least 25 cm from the receiver.
Caution: Use a standard servo with a current draw of less than 1.5A to operate the choke. Servos with a current draw greater than 1.5A, such as micro servos, digital servos
and high-torque servos, consume more current than the ignition system's circuitry is designed to provide. If the servo you've connected quivers or won't work at all, its current
draw is probably too high.
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 9
6/16/06 10:23:48 AM
45GX2
Part #
Description
Part #
Description
EVO30040101
EVO30040202
EVO30040203
EVO30040301
EVO30040302
EVO30040303
EVO30940304
EVO30040305
EVO3004i0401
EVO30040402
EVO30040403
EVO30040404
EVO30040405
EVO30040406
EVO30040407
Crankcase
Front Bearing
Rear Bearing
Rear Cover
Rear Cover Screw Set
Rear Cover O-ring
Pressure Nozzle
Pressure Nozzle Gasket
Cylinder
Cylinder Screw Set
Cylinder Nut
Cylinder Gasket
Exhaust Screw Set
Exhaust Nut
Exhaust Flange Gasket
EVO30040701
EVO30040702
EVO30040801
EVO30040802
EVO30040901
EVO30040904
EVO30041001
EVO3004i1101
EVO30041102
EVO30041103
EVO30041104
EVO30041105
EVO30041107
EVO30041109
EVO30040306
Piston
Piston Ring
Piston Pin
Piston Pin Retainer
Connecting Rod
Connecting Rod Washer
Crankshaft
Prop Drive Washer 45gx2 Type 2
Drive Washer Key
Propeller Nut
Propeller Washer
Propeller Screw
Propeller Screw Set
Propeller Nut Washer
Carburetor Flange
Part #
EVO30040307
EVO30040308
EVO30041301
EVO30041302
EVO30041303
EVO30041304
EVO30041305
EVO30041306
EVO30041307
EVO30011002
EVO30013309
EVO30941405
EVO30043225
Description
Carburetor Flange Gasket
Carburetor Flange Screw Set
Reed Valve Case
Reed Valve
Reed Valve Screws
Reed Valve Gasket-upper
Reed Valve Gasket-bottom
Reed Valve Strap
Carburetor Screws
Electronic Ignition Unit Type 2
Spark Plug Ngk5812 (Sm Cap)
Ignition Sensing Fixing Screws
Carburetor
10
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 10
6/16/06 10:23:52 AM
58GX2
Part #
Description
Part #
Description
EVO30010101
EVO30010202
EVO30010203
EVO30010204
EVO30010301
EVO30010302
EVO30010303
EVO30940304
EVO30010305
EVO3001i0401
EVO30010402
EVO30010403
EVO30010404
EVO30010405
EVO30010406
Crankcase
Front Bearing
Rear Bearing
Packing
Rear Cover
Rear Cover Screw Set
Rear Cover O-ring
Pressure Nozzle
Pressure Nozzle Gasket
Cylinder
Cylinder Screw Set
Cylinder Nut
Cylinder Gasket
Exhaust Screw Set
Exhaust Nut
EVO30010407
EVO30010701
EVO30010702
EVO30010801
EVO30010802
EVO30010901
EVO30010904
EVO30011001
EVO3001i1101
EVO30011102
EVO30011103
EVO30011104
EVO30011105
EVO30011107
EVO30010306
Exhaust Flange Gasket
Piston
Piston Ring
Piston Pin
Piston Pin Retainer
Connecting Rod
Connecting Rod Washer
Crankshaft
Prop Drive Washer 58GX2 Type 2
Drive Washer Key
Propeller Nut
Propeller Washer
Propeller Screw
Propeller Screw Set
Carburetor Flange
Part #
EVO30010307
EVO30010308
EVO30011301
EVO30011302
EVO30011303
EVO30011304
EVO30011305
EVO30011306
EVO30011307
EVO30011002
EVO30013309
EVO30941405
EVO30013227
Description
Carburetor Flange Gasket
Carburetor Flange Screw Set
Reed Valve Case
Reed Valve
Reed Valve Screws
Reed Valve Gasket-upper
Reed Valve Gasket-bottom
Reed Valve Strap
Carburetor Screws
Electronic Ignition Unit Type 2
Spark Plug Ngk5812 (Sm Cap)
Ignition Sensing Fixing Screws
Carburetor
11
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 11
6/16/06 10:23:55 AM
© 2006 Manufactured exclusively for Horizon Hobby, Inc. 877-504-0233
www.horizonhobby.com
8103.3
8103.3_EVO_4558.manual.indd 12
6/16/06 10:23:11 AM
Download PDF