Electro Industries | EB-WO-13 | Technical information | Electro Industries EB-WO-13 Technical information

Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
This action based training was developed within the Leonardo Da Vinci Transfer of
Innovation Project:
“MODULES FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR
COMPETENCES IN EUROPA II”
“MOVET II”
(PROJECTNUMBER DE/10/LLP-LdV/TOI/147341)
Module
Electro-Pneumatics
gripper
Pos. 1
Workstation
Distribution
Pos. 2
The aim of the training is to enable the apprentices to develop the skills, knowledge
and competence for competence area 7 of the competence Matrix Mechatronics
from the VQTS model (cf. Karin Luomi-Messerer & Jörg Markowitsch, Vienna 2006)
7.2 He/She can master the selection of hardware, software and industrial
components for mechatronic systems (sensors, actuators, valves, relays, interfaces,
communication procedures). He/she can provide and test simple software control
programs (SPS) and develop and design simple control programms according to
production process requirements (adaption of 7.2)
BSFT
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Overview of the Module
Overview of the Module..................................................................... - 2 Allocation in the competence Matrix “Mechatronics”.......................... - 4 Allocation in the competence Matrix “Mechanics in industry”............. - 6 Taxonomy Table ............................................................................. - 10 Timetable for the Module................................................................. - 11 Example SWM ................................................................................ - 12 Learning Material for Students ........................................................ - 14 Instruction Sheet......................................................................... - 15 Evaluation work orders ............................................................... - 16 1.
Safety Precautions and work instructions............. - 17 2.
Production of compressed air............................... - 19 3.
Work orders ......................................................... - 21 3.1 Pneumatic basics (WO1) ................................................... - 22 3.2 Sliding door (WO2) ............................................................ - 28 3.3 Roller conveyor (WO3) ...................................................... - 32 3.4 Vacuum (WO4).................................................................. - 35 3.5 Sawing fixture (WO5)......................................................... - 37 3.6 Stamping device (WO6)..................................................... - 40 Information ...................................................................................... - 43 Mark rotary screw compressor MSA 7,5/10 ................................ - 44 Oil Water Seperator .................................................................... - 46 Filters for Compressed Air .......................................................... - 47 Refrigerated Air Dryer ................................................................. - 49 1. Single-acting cylinder.............................................................. - 50 2. Double acting cylinder............................................................. - 51 3. 3/2-way valve pushbutton actuator, nc.................................... - 52 4. 3/2-way pneumatic valve pneumatically actuated one side ..... - 53 5. 5/2-way double pilot valve pneumatically actuated both sides - 55 6. 5/2-way single solenoid electric valve ..................................... - 56 7. 5/2-way double solenoid electric valve.................................... - 57 7. 5/2-way double solenoid electric valve.................................... - 58 8. Relay ...................................................................................... - 60 9. Contacts ................................................................................. - 61 10. Magnetic proximity sensor .................................................... - 62 11. Optical proximity sensor........................................................ - 64 -
-2-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
12. Vacuum generator ................................................................ - 66 13. Pressure switch .................................................................... - 67 Learning Material for teachers......................................................... - 68 1.
2.
3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
Safety Precautions and work instructions............. - 71 Production of compressed air............................... - 73 Work orders ......................................................... - 76 Pneumatic basics (WO1) ................................................... - 77 Sliding door (WO2) ............................................................ - 83 Roller conveyor (WO3) ...................................................... - 89 Vacuum (WO4).................................................................. - 94 Sawing fixture (WO5)......................................................... - 98 Stamping device (WO6)................................................... - 103 -
Glossary........................................................................................ - 108 Test ............................................................................................... - 111 Solution Test ................................................................................. - 113 Work order company ..................................................................... - 115 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Description of Work Assignment ........................ - 117 Preparation Sheet .............................................. - 119 Preparation Mounting Plate................................ - 120 Drawing of the Mechanical Unit.......................... - 121 Pneumatic Circuit............................................... - 122 Electrical Circuit ................................................. - 123 Terminal Strip..................................................... - 123 Inspection by Apprentice.................................... - 124 -
Handling Module company ............................................................ - 125 1.
2.
3.
4.
Description of work assignment ......................... - 127 Function plan DIN EN 60848 (GRAFCET) ......... - 128 Pneumatic and Electrical Circuit......................... - 129 Terminal Strip..................................................... - 130 -
Report: Work order........................................................................ - 131 Certificate ...................................................................................... - 133 Imprint ........................................................................................... - 134 -
-3-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Allocation in the competence Matrix “Mechatronics”
Competence
area
Steps of competence development
He/She can master the
He/She can use
He/She can develop the
He/She can perform the
maintenance procedures preventive maintenance necessary procedures for
basic scheduled
for mechatronic systems to assure the trouble-free maintenance of mechatronic
maintenance on
mechatronic machines and such as the use of service operation of mechatronic devices and systems, and can
systems and adhere to the documents and
systems. In addition,
schedule the maintenance
equipment maintenance maintenance plans and, if he/she can modify
and quality-assurance
plans.
faced with new
operational sequences to procedures.
challenges, can make the implement qualitynecessary adaptations. assurance measures
He/She can use written instructions He/She can master the installation He/She can provide independent
2. Installing and
to install and dismantle individual and dismantling of mechatronic
mechatronic solutions for the
dismantling
construction of production lines, assure
mechatronic systems components (sensors, actuators, systems that use several
drives, motors, transport systems, technologies (mechanics,
their overall ability to function, and, in
and facilities
racks) that form a functional group hydraulics, pneumatics,
addition, can use both existing and
of mechatronic systems.
electricalmechanics, electronics), modifi ed standard components.
set up the connexion technology,
and check the efficiency of the
overall system.
He/She is able to install and adjust He/She can install and adjust
He/She can install and adjust complex
3. Installing and
components of mechatronic
mechatronic facilities that include
adjusting mechatronic standardized mechatronic
components,
e.g.
individual
electrosubsystems
(e.g.,
linear
drives,
diverse technologies and
components in
measuring systems, transport
instrumentation and control (I&C)
pneumatic valves, sensor and
systems and
actuator units.
systems).
equipment, adjust the associated
production lines
parameters, test the facilities overall
functions, and assure their reliability
He/She can build He/She can
He/She can make He/She can
4. Designing, adapting, He/She can use He/She can
build simple
independently
machine tools
mechatronic
design and build independent
and building
systems by using autonomous
adaptations to the develop complex
mechatronic systems controlled either mechatronic
manually or via
subsystems by both original
mechatronic
various devices mechatronic systems
and facilities on the
computer-program using eineering construction
subsystems
(including
and can calculate the
basis of client needs to fabricate
drawing and can techniques and and, with
selection of
economic usefulness
and site plans
(according to
install he
previously
suitable
drives, sensors, of the system.
production designs devices
designed parts. measuring and SPS) and can
He/She can optimise
and customer
according to
He/She fully
testing facilities, use CNC
CNC programs for
requirements) the specific
understands
can assess the programs for
the manufacturing of
production
individual
CAD functions necessary
building the
complex mechatronic
needs. He/She and can
components for
production
system. He/She devices and systems
mechatronic
can act on
and monitor the
document
accuracy.
can, through a
systems. He/she extensive
system
He/She can
digital mock up, automated quantity
can provide simple knowledge of
developments
document the assemble and
of an open loop
standards and (parts lists,
designs and
results with
simulate the
control system.
descriptions of
regulations (e.g. descriptions of quality-control functioning
function,
system and use
mechatronic
on surface
systems.
subsystems and treatments) and operating
computeraided
can use basic CAD is able to use
instructions).
computations
applications.
CAD’s more
(e.g. FEM).
advanced
He/She can
functions (e.g.
perform costinterference
benefi t analyses
check).
(e.g. as a basis
for deciding
whether
components
should be bought
or individually
constructed.)
1. Maintaining and
assuring the reliability
of mechatronic
systems
-4-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
5. Putting mechatronic
systems into operation
and providing clients
with technical and
economic support
6. Supervising and
evaluating both the
process sequences of
mechatronic systems
and facilities and the
operational sequence
(including quality
assurance
7. Installing,
configuring,
programming and
testing hardware and
software components
for control and
regulation of
mechatronic systems
and facilities
8. Preparing and
distributing the
technical information
for adjustment of each
enterprise’s
mechatronic systems
9. Diagnosing and
repairing malfunctions
with mechatronic
systems and facilities,
advising clients on
avoiding malfunctions,
and modifying and
expanding
mechatronic systems
Module ElectroPneumatics
He/She can,
according to
specifications and
blueprints, put
mechatronic devices
into operation and
provide support to the
client in the handover
phase.
He/She, after
He/She can evaluate He/She can direct,
He/She, after
considering the
considering all basic customer
including scheduling and
enterprise’s needs conditions, can
time management, the
requirements for
and basic
master the start-up mechatronic
start-up of the project
conditions, can put of interconnected
from the creation of a
facilities, develop
the mechatronic
mechatronic
solutions, and can proposal to the client’s
systems into
systems and
plan the system’s
acceptance.
operation, create
machines, and can implementation and
the necessary
provide the
operation.
documentation,
necessary
advise the customer documentation
on safe operations including a manual.
of the devices, and He/She can review
client needs and
advise on future
confi gure machines
technology
that provide
selection.
solutions. He/She
can train the
customer where
necessary and
provide support for
safe operating
procedures.
He/She can operate He/She can master He/She can optimise the
He/She can supervise He/She can
process sequences independently
and supervise
the monitoring of
process cycles of
according to specifi supervise the
mechatronic
complex
mechatronic production
cations as well as
process sequences, facilities, choose
mechatronic systems lines, provide
implement any
evaluate the results, testing and
using virtual
instructions on modifying
requested qualitymonitoring plans,
operate an
instruments and PPS the PPS systems (e.g.
control measures.
set up the
systems as well as adjustment to SAP
accompanying
accompanying SPC, open loop control for systems) and introduce
statistic process
control (SPC) for the seek the optimal
the optimisation of quality systems for
quality control plan, results of the
continuous improvement
machinery
and prepare simple production line
arrangement,
processes (CIP/KVP).
material fl ow
work schedules,
according to
including production material-flow, and analysis, and
schedule and time provide work
scheduling.
management.
schedules including
standard production
times.
He/She is able to install
He/She can master the
He/She can integrate and He/She can develop, test, and
and configure programs for selection of hardware and confi gure program-,
configure hardware and
hardware and software
software for mechatronic control-, and regulation- software solutions for
components as well as set systems (sensors,
mechanisms in
networked mechatronic
up simple software control actuators, interfaces,
mechatronic systems,
systems; and can monitor
program simple devices system conditions with
programs (SPS).
communication
(in co-operation with
suitable measuring and
procedures) and can
provide and test simple developers), and simulate visualisation tools.
software control programs the program sequence
(SPS) according to
before start-up.
production process
requirements.
He/She can provide descriptions
He/She can fully understand the He/She is able to analyse complex
and designs of mechatronic
management of technical
operational sequences separately in
subsystems and is familiar with the information documents for
order to understand the connections
basic CAD applications.
mechatronic systems and can
and draw up maintenance and
prepare and adapt these
production procedures. He/She can
documents according to an
understand that the system parameters
enterprise’s specific operating
are important for the equipments’
requirements.
functions and can independently
assess and document the wear and
general conditions of the mechatronic
equipment.
He/She can diagnose and He/She can independently He/She can diagnose and He/She can diagnose and
repair errors and
correct problems in
repair errors and
repair errors and disturbances
malfunctions on the simple mechatronic production disturbances in complex in complex mechatronic
components and devices in equipment with the help of mechatronic equipment equipment and is able to
the mechatronic systems. (computer- aided)
and is able to advise
advise clients on how to avoid
He/She can use the
diagnostic systems and clients on how to avoid
sources of malfunctions
necessary checking,
the use of expert systems, sources of malfunctions through changes or upgrades
measuring, and diagnostic databases, and error
through changes or
in the equipment and system.
tools.
documentations.
upgrades in the
equipment and system.
-5-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Allocation in the competence Matrix “Mechanics in
industry”
Competence
area
1. Maintaining tools,
equipment and
technical systems
2. Installing and
dismantling of
assemblies,
machinery and
systems
3. Installing and
bringing into service
of control
technology
4. Preparing and
using technical
information
5. Producing single
parts and
assemblies
6. Working
according to QM
principals/
standards
(documenting,
measuring,
supervising work
7. Planning,
carrying out and
optimising technical
systems
Steps of competence development
He/she can perform the basic
He/she can master the maintenance
He/she understands the function
scheduled maintenance on
procedures for technical systems
of technical systems, can
tools and equipment. (e.g.
using service documents and
perform trouble shooting
checking the quality of used
maintenance plans. He/she performs
including locating defects and
cooling liquids, checking the oil- the correct mounting method for
analysing causes for damage.
level in the milling machine,
machine elements (e.g. shafts, axles, He/she plans, performs and
checking the cutting edges of
bearings and shaft seals).
documents necessary
tools,…).
maintenance work.
He/she can apply written
He/she can install/dismantle complex
He/she understands the function of
complex machines or systems.
instructions to install and
assembly groups and machinery,
He/she can build up a system
dismantle individual
which could include different
(consisting of e.g. gear drives, chain
components (e.g. to single
technologies. He/she positions and
fixes the components by performing
drives, belt drives, pneumatic or
parts to an assembly by
detachable and permanent joining
hydraulic components…). He/she
using machine elements
processes (e.g. mount bearings to
can adjust the associated parameters
like screw joints or pin
connections)
gearboxes, weld frames …).
and analyse/evaluate the overall
function of the system.
He/she can use
He/she can use
He/she can
He/she can
He/she can install
written instructions to
written instructions to
apply an Eapply an Eand configure
install and adjust
install E-pneumatic or
pneumatic or
pneumatic or E- programs for
E-hydraulic or
E-hydraulic
pneumatic or
hydraulic
hardware and
hydraulic or electrical
electrical components
solution for
solution for
software
components
according to safety
simple tasks.
complex tasks.
components as well
according to safety
rules.
as set up simple
rules.
PLCs.
He/she can read and
He/she can
He/she can correctly
He/she develops technical
manually draft simple
correctly apply
apply advanced CADconstructions according to
sketches or technical
basic CAD
functions for the
the needs of the customer.
construction of
drawings of single
functions for the
He/she can check the
components. He/she
construction of
components and
functions of complex
knows the ISO standards
technical
assembly groups.
assembly groups via CAD.
for drafts, surface symbols
components.
(Including screw joints,
and dimensioning.
pin connections…).
He/she can develop the
He/she can
He/she can produce
He/she can
He/she can
parts on CNC
necessary CNCprogram
produce
produce simple
correctly apply
machines using CAD/
conventional
using DIN/ISO
parts on
components by
CAM technology in
machines for the
programming, and simulate CNC
performing
machines
complex settings with
manual
production of
the functionality. He/she
using
more than 3 (4) axes.
production
components.
can set up the machines
and the tools. He/she can
CAD/CAM
tasks, (e.g.
He/she knows
technology
filing, sawing,
the parameters
produce single parts using
up to 3
CNC machines (e.g. lathes
bending…).
for calculating
axes.
cutting speed,
and milling machines), test
and optimize production.
feed rate…
He/she can develop
He/she can control product
He/she is familiar with
He/she can develop
methods of testing.
criteria for functional
inspection plans based
and process quality. He/she
can carry out inspection of
He/she can select the
tests. He/she can
on QM regulations
prepare inspection
(also in respect of
machine and process
necessary test
mass and serial
capability on demand.
equipment and check it plans and
documentation. He/she production). He/she is
He/she can plan the
(e.g. micrometre).
process as well as
He/she can work
can evaluate
familiar with
inspection results and
tools/methods to
document and evaluate
according to inspection
identify the cause of
support continuous
process data. He/she can
plans. He/she can
make suggestions for
apply inspection
quality problems.
improvement
optimizing the quality of
equipment correctly.
processes in order to
optimize the production process.
process.
He/she can plan
He/she can plan
He/she can provide independent technical solutions for the
production
production and
construction e.g. of production lines. He/she can assure the
processes for
mounting processes
functionality of the overall system by using existing and
for typical assemblies. modified standard components. He/she can check failure-free
typical single
working systems and production processes concerning their
parts. He/she
He/she can perform
can perform and
and optimize these
potential for optimization. He/she can work out suggestions for
processes.
optimization regarding technical development. He/she can
optimize these
evaluate and estimate the economic advantage. He/she can
processes.
carry out the proposal.
-6-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Content learning outcome
Learning Outcomes
After completing this work order the student is able to…
Taxonomy
Table
1. Safety precautions
SP 1
name and memorize (1F) the safety precautions and work
instructions.
1F
SP 2
formulate (5Ca) further safety precautions.
5Ca
SP 3
identify (4Ca) hazardous situations
4Ca
2. Production of compressed air
CA 1
tabulate and describe (1F) the components.
1F
CA 2
summarize (2Ca) the production of compressed air
2Ca
CA 3
understand (2F) the flow diagram.
2F
CA 4
describe (2Ca) the valve settings.
2Ca
3. Work orders
3.1 Pneumatic Basics WO 1
WO 1.1 develop (3F) electro - pneumatic circuits by means of standard
components.
3F
WO 1.2 differentiate (2F) single and double acting cylinder, standard way
valves, direct and indirect control of cylinders.
2F
WO 1.3 use (3F) the item designation systematically.
3F
3.2 Sliding door WO 2
WO 2.1 describe (1F) the function of the magnetic proximity sensor.
1F
WO 2.2 differentiate (2C) between AND and OR logic operations.
2Ca
WO 2.3 analyse (4P) the result of the loss of air for your circuit.
4P
WO 2.4 carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
3P
WO 2.5 check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
5Ca, 5P
-7-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
3.3 roller conveyor WO 3
WO 3.1 carry out (3P) the correct connection of a proximity sensor in an
electric circuit.
3P
WO 3.2 understand (2F) the function of the different proximity sensors
2F
WO 3.3 recognize (1F) and apply (3P) the appropriate proximity sensor for
the task.
1F, 3P
WO 3.4
carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
WO 3.5 check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
3P
5Ca, 5P
3.4 Vaccum WO 4
WO 4.1 describe (1F) the function and principle of the vacuum generator.
1F
WO 4.2 describe (1F) the function of a pneumatic semi rotary drive.
1F
WO 4.3 analyse (4P) the result of the loss of electric power for your circuit.
4P
WO 4.4 carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
3P
WO 4.5 check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
5Ca, 5P
3.5 Sawing fixture WO 5
WO 5.1 describe (1F) the function of the pressure switch.
1F
WO 5.2 calculate and select (3Ca) the appropriate cylinder.
3Ca
WO 5.3 calculate and analyze (4Ca) the air consumption.
4Ca
WO 5.4
carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
WO 5.5 check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
3P
5Ca, 5P
3.6 Stamping device WO 6
WO 6.1 use (3Ca) the correct item designation.
3Ca
WO 6.2 choose (3Ca; 3P) a suitable proximity sensor
3Ca, 3P
WO 6.3 understand (2Ca) and develop (3P) a sequence chain.
2Ca, 3P
WO 6.4
carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
WO 6.5 check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
-8-
3P
5Ca, 5P
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
5. Test
Test 1
describe (1F) the function of the magnetic proximity sensor.
1F
Test 2
understand (2F) the funktion of the different proximity sensors.
2F
Test 3
understand (2F) the difference between a 5/2-way single solenoid
valve and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve.
2F
Test 4
describe (1F) the function and principle of the vacuum generator.
1F
Test 5
calculate and select (3Ca) the appropriate cylinder
3Ca
Test 6
calculate and analyze (4Ca) the air consumption
4Ca
Test 7
argue (5Ca) economical aspects
5Ca
-9-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Taxonomy Table
Cognitive Process
Remember Understand Apply
Analyze
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Knowledge
Factual
knowledge
(F)
Casual
knowledge
(Ca)
Procedural
knowledge
(P)
SP 1
CA 1
WO 2.1
WO 3.3
WO 4.1
WO 4.2
WO 5.1
Test 1
Test 4
Evaluate
(5)
CA 3
WO 1.2
WO 3.2
Test 2
Test 3
WO 1.1
WO 1.3
CA 2
CA 4
WO 2.2
WO 6.3
WO 5.2
WO 6.1
WO 6.2
Test 5
SP 3
WO 2.3
WO 5
Test 6
SP 2
WO 2.5
WO 3.5
WO 4.5
WO 5.5
WO 6.5
Test 7
WO 2.4
WO 3.1
WO3.3
WO 3.4
WO 4.4
WO 5.3
WO5.4
WO 6.2
WO 6.4
WO 2
WO 4.3
WO 2.5
WO 3.5
WO 4.5
WO 5.5
WO 6.5
SP= safety precautions
CA= compressed air
- 10 -
Create
(6)
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Timetable for the Module
average school day:
08.00 – 09.30 lessons
Room 05
09.30 - 09.45 morning break
09.45 - 12.30 lessons
Room 05
13.30 - 15.30 Study, company visit, museum…
or longer
school
when
what
where
Su. 15.01.12
Students arrive in Munich
hostel
Mo. 16.01.12 08.30 meet and greet
room 208
Organisation: tickets, meals, schedule,…
Evaluation: questionnaire
13.30-15.30 City rally
Tu. 17.01.12
08.00 lessons: Fischer, Schott
Room 05
13.30 study
We. 18.01.12 08.00 lessons: Fischer, Schott
Room 05
13.30 study
13:30
Th. 19.01.12
company visit, (Nachtigall, Volksheimer) SWM in
Fröttmaning
Olympia swimming hall, Fischer
SWM:
Techn.
Basis Nord
08.00 lessons: Schott, Schauhuber,
Room 05
13.30 Dt. Museum Philipp Schott
Dt. Museum
Fr. 20.01.12
08.00 lessons: Schott, Schauhuber,
Room 05
paper and pencil test
13.30
sports Stengel
test results
Sa. 21.01.12
Sightseeing Munich (Kneidl, Matzek) Häfner mit Azubis
Su. 22.01.12
Weekend 1
- 11 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Company: BMW, Seidenader, SWM
Example SWM
Mo.
23.01.2012
Team work:
mixed nation
teams
Welcome, organisation, tour
Instruction at the workstation: relay, valve, cable end
sleeve, terminal block,…
BMW
Seidenader
SWM/VET
safety rules
Getting started: written order that contains the task:
“Abschlussprüfung 1/ 2011, Industriemechaniker”
Team work: mixed nation teams
Tu.
24.01.2012
“Abschlussprüfung 1/ 2011, Industriemechaniker”
Troubleshooting and optimisation if necessary
Team work:
mixed nation
teams
Appraisal of results (IHK-Auswertbogen)
BMW
Seidenader
SWM/VET
“Test”: Expert discussion (without grading)
Team work: mixed nation teams
We.
25.01.2012
Work at the company/ Subway maintenance
Maintenance of electropneumatic components
SWM:Techn.
Basis Nord
Demounting, repairing, mounting, testing,
documentation
Team work: mixed nation teams
Th.
26.01.2012
Work at the company/ Subway maintenance
Maintenance of electropneumatic components
SWM:Techn.
Basis Nord
Demounting, repairing, mounting, testing,
Team-presentation (10 slides as result for certificates
celebration)
Team work: mixed nation teams
(Meeting trainers and teachers skills demo: 14 h
BSFT)
Fr.
27.01.2012
Afternoon
13-15.00h
Sa. 28.01.12
Su. 29.01.12
BMW
Kick off Handling module: Written work order,
documentation of the components, safety instructions; Seidenader
SWM/VET
Difficulty: At least 3 cylinders/ actors
Prepare team-presentation (app. 10 slides or 5
minutes as result for certificates celebration)
Weekend 2:
sledging or Andechs (Matzek, Kneidl) with Hr. Fischer
- 12 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Mo.
30.01.2012
Module ElectroPneumatics
Handling module:
Team work: mixed nation teams
BMW
Seidenader
SWM/VET
13.30 company visit, Seidenader (Fessler, Neumeier,
Hanslmayer)
Tu.
31.01.2012
Handling module:
We.
01.02.2012
Handling module:
Team work: mixed nation teams
Team work: mixed nation teams
13.30 –15.30 company visit, BMW (Kneidl, Matzek)
Th.
02.02.2012
Skills demonstration/ expert talk
BMW
Seidenader
SWM/VET
8.00h
13:30 p.m.
Evaluation TUM
BSFT
208
Fr.
03.02.2012
Morning
Celebration
with partners
Certificates: given by companies
BSFT
Speeches, Presentations: students, BSFT, companies, Aula
TUM…
Room 320
Farewell
Common lunch
average company day: example SWM
07.00
Meeting, than work
09.00-09.15 morning break
12.00-12.45 Lunch break
15.30
Leisure time
- 13 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
This action based training was developed within the Leonardo Da Vinci Transfer of
Innovation Project:
“MODULES FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR
COMPETENCES IN EUROPA II”
“MOVET II”
(PROJECTNUMBER DE/10/LLP-LdV/TOI/147341)
Module
Electro-Pneumatics
Learning Material for Students
gripper
Pos. 1
Workstation
Distribution
Pos. 2
The aim of the training is to enable the apprentices to develop the skills, knowledge
and competence for competence area 7 of the competence Matrix Mechatronics
from the VQTS model (cf. Karin Luomi-Messerer & Jörg Markowitsch, Vienna 2006)
7.2 He/She can master the selection of hardware, software and industrial
components for mechatronic systems (sensors, actuators, valves, relays, interfaces,
communication procedures). He/she can provide and test simple software control
programs (SPS) and develop and design simple control programms according to
production process requirements (adaption of 7.2)
- 14 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Instruction Sheet
The electro-pneumatics module has the following structure:
Unit
Content
Unit 1
Safety: you will learn how to work safely with the electro-pneumatic
equipment.
Unit 2
Production of compressed air: you will learn how compressed air is
produced.
Unit 3
Work orders 1-6: you will learn how to solve problems in automation
technology using electro-pneumatics.
Every work order consists of a part that contains the tasks and information
you might need to help you solving the problems.
Unit 4
Glossary: here you find the necessary technical terms in your language
In every work order you will proceed through the following steps:
•
Information: Study your work order also using the provided information
material.
•
Planning: Plan, develop and simulate with FluidSIM.
•
Realisation: Realise your solution on the profile plate with electro-pneumatic
components.
•
Checking: Check your own work using your evaluation sheet.
•
Evaluation: Evaluate your work together with your teacher using your
evaluation sheet.
- 15 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Evaluation work orders
Every work order is going to be evaluated in two steps.
(There is a maximum of 5 points for the tasks, 10 points for the circuit diagram and
15 for the function)
Self check:
First you check if all the tasks, the circuit diagram and the necessary functions of the
work order are completed. Then you fill in the points you would give yourself.
Evaluation:
Then you are going through the same process with your teacher and see how
she/he evaluates your work. All together you can get a maximum of 30 points for
every work order.
Tasks
5P
Work orders
Circuit Diagram Function
10P
15P
Result
Self check
WO 1
Evaluation
Self check
WO 2
Evaluation
Self check
WO 3
Evaluation
Self check
WO 4
Evaluation
Self check
WO 5
Evaluation
Self check
WO 6
Evaluation
points
Result
mark
points 180-151
mark
1
150-121
120-91
90-46
45-0
2
3
4
5
- 16 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
1.
Module ElectroPneumatics
Safety Precautions and work instructions
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You´ll be able to name and memorize (1F) the safety precautions and work
instructions.
You´ll be able to identify (4Ca) hazardous situations
You´ll be able to formulate (5Ca) further safety precautions.
Task:
1. Identify hazardous situations in your working environment.
2. Formulate further safety precautions and write them on the sheet.
Electrical:
•
work only in the absence of voltage
•
use low voltage only (24V vs. 230V)
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Mechanical:
•
mount all components securely
•
hands off the limit switches, push it only using a tool (e.g. screwdriver)
•
hands off the moving parts
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
- 17 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Pneumatics:
•
danger when tubings slipping off
- use short tubing connections
- switch compressed air off immediately if tubing slips off
•
push the tubing into the push-in connector as far as it will go
•
the tubing can be pulled out, after pressing down the blue release ring
•
don´t disconnect tubing while under pressure
•
complete and secure all the tubing connections before switching on the
compressed air
•
attention: while switching compressed air on, cylinders may activate
automatically
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
General:
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
- 18 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
2.
Module ElectroPneumatics
Production of compressed air
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to tabulate and describe (1F) the components.
You’ll be able to understand (2F) the flow diagram.
You’ll be able to describe (2Ca) the valve settings.
You’ll be able to summarize (2Ca) the production of compressed air
The following four components are important for producing compressed air:
- screw compressor
- filters
- oil-water separator
- absorption air dryer
Form four different international teams and choose one of the components (best:
one of each country) and do the following task:
Read through the Information of the chosen component and prepare a short spoken
presentation/ speech (2-5 minutes) for the others.
The following aspects can be interesting:
- name of the component
- function of the component
- explain important vocabulary
- things of interest
Afterwards we are going to visit the place were the compressed air is produced in
BSFT and each group identify and explain its part of the system.
- 19 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
7
5
6
2
1
3
4
Tasks:
1.
Fill in the components rightly in the table below
refrigerated air dryer / compressed air filter / compressed air reservoir / oil water seperator /
compressed air filter / pressure regulator / compressor /
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2.
Mark the lines in the diagram with the right colours:
•
warm compressed air: red
•
prepared air: blue
•
incoming air: green
•
exhaust air: orange
•
condensate line: yellow
3.
Mark the closed valves
red and the open valves blue for normal operation
4.
Describe in your own words the 4 steps from ambient air to cooled, clean
compressed air. Use the colours from the diagram above.
- 20 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
3. Work orders
- 21 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.1
Module ElectroPneumatics
Pneumatic basics (WO1)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to develop (3F) electro - pneumatic circuits by means of standard
components.
You’ll be able to differentiate (2F) single and double acting cylinder, standard way valves,
direct and indirect control of cylinders.
You’ll be able to use (3F) the item designation systematically.
Pneumatic basic controls
function
1.1
pneumatic circuit
Direct control of a single acting cylinder
- 22 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
1.2
Direct control of a double acting cylinder
1.3
Indirect control of a single acting cylinder via a monostable
3/2 way valve
- 23 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
1.4
Indirect control of a double acting cylinder via a monostable
5/2 way valve
1.5
Indirect control of a double acting cylinder by means of a 5/2way valve, pneumatically actuated at both ends
- 24 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Ite m d e s ig n a tio n
d riv e s
s ig n a l
p ro x im ity s e n s o r
v a lv e s
a ll o th e r p a r ts
Pneumatics
Designations for connections
Connection
Older pneumatics or hydraulics
inflow, pessure port
working port
exhaust port, tank
control port
- 25 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Electro-pneumatic basic controls
2.1
Direct control of a single acting cylinder
3/2-way solenoid valve
2
2
1M1
1
3
1
3
4
3
3
2
2
1
5
unactuated
1
6
actuated
Pushbutton, normally open contacts
Name the parts of the solenoid valve
1
2
coil
3
pistol
4
5
6
spring
Fill in the numbers of the contacts
for the pushbutton normally open (n. o.).
- 26 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
2.2
Direct control of a double acting cylinder
Describe the valve:
2.3
Direct control of a double acting cylinder by means of a 5/2-way double solenoid
valve
4
2
5
3
1M1
(14)
1M2
(12)
84
82
1
1M1 (14)
1M2 (12)
84
5
4
1
2
3
82
4
2
5
3
1M1
(14)
1M2
(12)
84
1
1M1 (14)
1M2 (12)
84
5
4
1
2
3
82
- 27 -
82
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.2
Module ElectroPneumatics
Sliding door (WO2)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function of the magnetic proximity sensor.
You’ll be able to differentiate (2Ca) between AND and OR logic operations.
You’ll be able to analyse (4Ca, 4P) the result of the loss of air for your circuit.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the problem
A sliding door between two rooms needs to be opened and closed by using a
pushbutton. Only one pushbutton should be located at each side of the door (1S1,
1S2) in order to prevent operator error in case of an emergency.
The process can only be started when the door is in one of its end positions. The
Pressure must be limited to 3 bar (300 kPa) for safety reasons (danger of pinching).
Procedure
When the sliding door is in one of its defined end positions, it can be moved to the
other end position by pressing the pushbutton. The door can thus be opened and
closed.
The opening and closing processes cannot be started as long as the door is not in
one of its end positions.
Layout
1S1
- 28 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Tasks
1. Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the sliding
door’s control system with correct description of
the components including an equipment list.
2. Set up the control system on your mounting
plate.
Reed switch
3. Describe the function of the magnetic proximity sensor 540695. What type of
cylinder is therefore needed? For function presentation see: http://reedswitch-info.com/
Additional tasks
4. What happens if compressed air supply fails during advance or return
motion?
5. How can the control system be put back into operation, what must be done?
6. Fill in the function/truth table below.
- 29 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
>=1 : OR Logic
Operation
Function/truth table
I1
I2
Q
& : AND Logic Operation
I1
I2
Q
I1
I2
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Q
Function/truth table
I1
I2
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Description of function
Q
- 30 -
Description of function
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Relays
Tasks
Test the relay:
1.
Connect a n.o. contact S1 with A1 and A2 of the relay coil (K1)
Connect a lamp P1 that lights if you operate S1.
Connect a lamp P2 that goes off if you operate S1.
2.
Create and simulate the circuit diagram.
3.
Set up the circuit diagram on your mounting plate.
4.
Describe the functions of relays in electric circuits.
- 31 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.3
Module ElectroPneumatics
Roller conveyor (WO3)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the correct connection of a proximity sensor in an
electric circuit.
You’ll be able to understand (2F) the function of the different proximity sensors.
You’ll be able to recognize (1F) and apply (3P) the appropriate proximity sensor for
the task.
You’ll be able to understand (2F) the difference between a 5/2-way single solenoid
valve and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the Problem
The roller conveyor transports packages of different heights. If a package is higher
than 100mm it should be pushed off the roller conveyor.
100
Layout
Procedure
If a proximity sensor detects a “high” package and the on-switch is activated the
double acting cylinder extends and after having pushed the package off, retracts
automatically.
Choose an appropriate proximity sensor. Use a 5/2-way single solenoid valve and a
double acting cylinder for the control system.
- 32 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Tasks
1. Do the information part proximity sensors of WO 3.
2. Describe the difference between an inductive and a magnetic proximity
sensor!
3. Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the roller
conveyor control system with correct description of the components including
an equipment list.
4. Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
5. Describe the difference in function between a 5/2-way single solenoid valve
and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve.
- 33 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Proximity sensors
In order to find out how different proximity sensors react to different materials do the
following tests.
Equipment
Objects: cubes made of aluminium, grey plastic, transparent plastic
Proximity sensors: inductive, capacitive, optical (see Book of Tables)
Tasks
1.
Create and simulate the electric circuit diagram for the proximity sensors.
2.
Set up the circuits on your mounting plate.
Connect the sensor to a 24 V DC power supply and the output Q1 to a signal lamp
P1
3.
Test the 3 proximity switches and fill in the table
(1 = sensor reacts to material; 0 = sensor does not react).
material
proximity sensor
symbol
aluminium
inductive
optical
capacitive
- 34 -
black plastic white plastic steel
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.4
Module ElectroPneumatics
Vacuum (WO4)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function and principle of the vacuum generator.
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function of a pneumatic semi rotary drive.
You’ll be able to analyse (4P) the result of the loss of electric power for your circuit.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the problem
Workpieces shall be transported from the distribution workstation to the next one. A
gripper transports the workpiece from position 1 to the next station position 2. The
gripper consists of a vacuum generator/suction cup and a pneumatic semi rotary
drive.
Layout
gripper
Pos. 1
Workstation
Distribution
Pos. 2
- 35 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Procedure
The gripper moves from position 2 to position 1.
When the gripper is in position 1 and the suction cup holds the workpiece safely by
means of a vacuum the semi rotary drive moves back to position 2 and drops the
workpiece.
The process is started if the capacitive proximity sensor in Pos. 1 detects the plastic
workpiece and the on-switch is operated.
Tasks
1.
Check http://youtu.be/zkM9Ir30rw8 to see an example for handling with vacuum.
2.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the vacuum
work order with correct description of the components including an equipment
list.
3.
Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
4.
Describe the function of the vacuum generator/suction cup 152891. Find
another example which uses the same principle. Check also
http://youtu.be/8MvHplOIQCI.
5.
Describe the function of a pneumatic semi rotary drive.
6.
What happens in the case of an electric power loss during the transport of the
work piece?
Venturi effect
The velocity of the air increases as the cross sectional area decreases.
The pressure of the air decreases as the cross sectional area increases.
Low velocity
High pressure
High velocity
Low pressure
Venturi effect
In which area of the pipe would you connect the suction cup?
- 36 -
Low velocity
High pressure
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.5
Module ElectroPneumatics
Sawing fixture (WO5)
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function of the pressure switch.
You’ll be able to calculate and select (3Ca) the appropriate cylinder.
You’ll be able to calculate and analyze (4Ca) the air consumption.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the problem
A wooden board is clamped by means of a single-acting cylinder. The cutting feed
with the saw is done by means of a double acting cylinder.
Procedure
First the componentes should be clamped manually by a single-acting cylinder.
The double-acting cylinder can only extend after reaching a pressure of 4.5 bar at
the single acting cylinder and by pushing the two handbuttons. (Note: not a twohand safety control)
If the pressure decreases the cylinder must retract. After reaching the end position
the saw has to go back and be started again.
Layout:
- 37 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Calculation for the sawing fixture:
The single-acting cylinder needs a force of 1000 N by an operation pressure of 6
bar. The stroke length is 50 mm.
The efficiency is 88 %.
The double-acting cylinder needs a force of 700 N by an operation pressure of 6
bar. The stroke length is 300 mm.
The efficiency is 93 %.
1.
Chose the right cylinders with the Festo datasheet. Check the result with a
calculation!
(Result single-acting: 50mm; double acting: 40mm)
2.
Calculate the air consumption of the double-acting cylinder if it works 6 times
per minute forward and backward. (Result: 31.7 l/min)
3.
How much more air is consumed if you use a 50 mm double-acting cylinder
instead of a 40 mm.
(Result: 49.7 l/min)
4.
Calculate the difference in costs for one hour of operating. (1m³ compressed
air costs 0.025 €)
(Result: 40mm => 0.0475 €/h; 50mm => 0.0725 €/h)
Task:
1.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the sawing
fixture with correct description of the components including an equipment list.
2.
Build the construction according to your Documents and test the function.
3.
Describe the function of the pressure switch.
- 38 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Important settings of the SMC pressure switch
F0
choose pressure unit
push (long)
adjust F0 with
confirm with
adjust unit bar with
confirm (long) with
P1
adjust switching pressure
push (short)
P1 appears
adjust pressure with
confirm with
F1
adjust vacuum
push (long)
adjust F1 with
confirm with
HYS appears
confirm with
1_P appears
confirm with
e.g. - 0,3 bar
adjust pressure with
F99
confirm (long) with
normal position (reset)
push (long)
adjust F99 with
confirm with
adjust "on" with
push
+
for 5s => F99 appears
confirm (long) with
Note: The pressure unit must be adjusted again!
- 39 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.6
Module ElectroPneumatics
Stamping device (WO6)
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to use (3Ca) the correct item designation.
You’ll be able to choose (3Ca; 3P) a suitable proximity sensor
You’ll be able to understand (2Ca) and develop (3P) a sequence chain.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the Problem
Aluminium workpieces should be marked in a stamping device.
Procedure
The operation is started by pressing the Start button, when the cylinder 1A1 is in the
retracted position and the magazine is filled with workpieces.
The cylinder 1A1 pushes the workpieces from the magazine stack and clamps it to a
stop.
The cylinder 2A1 moves down the stamp. After the stamping process the cylinder
2A1 goes back into the starting position. In the end the cylinder 1A1 releases the
workpiece, which can be possibly removed by hand.
Layout
- 40 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Tasks
Create an electro-pneumatic solution
To solve this task, follow these steps::
1.
Fill in the correct item designation (Figure above).
2.
Choose a suitable proximity sensor for the magazine query.
3.
Study the information for sequence chain for the electro-pneumatic
solution.
4.
Draw and simulate your circuit including a equipment list.
5.
Construction: With your schematics (from FluidSIM) build on an electropneumatic solution.
- 41 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Sequence chain
Sequence chains can avoid the problem signal overlap. Extensive tasks with more
than two actuators can be planned and carried out easily and safely. Sequence
chain controls are therefore a suitable solution for complex automation tasks and
frequently used as an industrial standard.
Principle of a sequence chain:
Apply the following rules for the sequence chain control:
Each end position of an actuator operates a signal element (e. g. limit switch).
Each active step must be provided with a self holding.
The next step of a sequence chain is only possible, if the previous step has been
executed (K3 in path 5).
The now active step resets the previous step (Normally closed contact K4 in path
3).
During execution the last step prepares the first step (the first step of the
sequence chain would need a normally closed contact of K5). In case of a
complete new start of the sequence chain there is no last step that prepares the
first one. Therefore the first step has to be prepared by an additional signal
element (instead of the normally closed contact of K5 by the NEWS. button in
path 9).
Example of a sequence chain (clearing):
Sequence chain element to
activate
3
4
INI2
INI3
K2
K3
8
9
INI4
K3
Preparation
for each step
7
K4
K3
K4
6
5
K5
NEWS.
K4
K5
K1
K4
K5
Delete the previous step
- 42 -
Final step:
In a single pass of the
sequence chain this
step remains set (signal
1). Only a reboot with
the first step deletes the
last, hence the name
"clearing sequence
chain"
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Information
Module
Electro-Pneumatics
gripper
Pos. 1
Workstation
Distribution
Pos. 2
- 43 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Mark rotary screw compressor MSA 7,5/10
The fresh air is sucked
through the fan (12), driven
by the electric motor (13).
The electric motor does turn
the rotary screw compressor
(11) via the transmission
group (15).
The rotary screw compressor
(11) conveys the air from the
suction to pressure side. It is
supplied for lubrication oil.
The air /oil mixture is
separated at the oil separator
(2). Oil and air get cooled in
the air/oil cooler (3). The
cooled oil is cleaned by the
oil filter (1) and fed back into
the oil tank (8). The
compressed air leaves the
compressor through pipes.
3
11
15
12
13
1
4
2
3
7
5
9
10
8
6
11
14
12
13
15
7
- 44 -
1 – Oil filter
2 – Air/oil separator filter
3 – Air/ oil cooler
4 – Safety valve
5- Thermostatic valve
6 – Pressure control
7 – Display
8 – Oil tank
9 – Suction Electro-valve
10 – Air suction filter
11 – Rotary screw
12 – Cooling fan
13 – Electric motor EFF1
14 – Temperature control
15 – Transmission Group
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Rotary screw compressors use two meshing helical screws, known as rotors, to
compress the gas. In an oil-flooded rotary screw compressor, lubricating oil bridges
the space between the rotors, both providing a hydraulic seal and transferring
mechanical energy between the driving and driven rotor. Gas enters at the suction
side and moves through the threads as the screws rotate. The meshing rotors force
the gas through the compressor, and the gas exits at the end of the screws
- 45 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Oil Water Seperator
Oil/water separators are designed
to separate compressor oil from
condensate with high efficiency
without the use of external power.
Oily compressed air condensate
should be effectively removed from
1
the system by a level controlled
3
drain like the ZANDER ecodrain.
Condensate from the system will
enter under pressure, into the
6
specially designed centrifugal inlet
chamber (1).
Liquid will drop out of the air stream
as it impinges on the chamber walls
and the vortex generator, draining
4 without turbulence into the primary
7
settlement chamber (2) below.
8
Dirt particles suspended in the
7
condensate will settle to the bottom
of the primary settlement chamber
and the accumulating condensate
will then flow into the main
5 settlement tank(3).
Entrained droplets of oil dispersed
in water will rise to the surface due
to the lower specific gravity of the
AIR
oil, eventually coalescing to form a
OIL/WATER
thick
layer
on
the
surface.
OIL/ CLEAN WATER
An adjustable oil funnel (4) allows the oil to be
CLEAN WATER
continuously skimmed off the surface. Drained oil is
OIL
collected in the external oil container (5) where it can be
disposed of according to legal requirements.
Cleaner water taken from the bottom of the tank flows into the carbon stage (6),
through a prefilter (7), into the top of the carbon bags.
Any entrained droplets of oil remaining are then removed by adsorption.
The cleaned water can now be safely discharged to the foul sewer through the outlet
(8).
Condensate
inlet
2
- 46 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Filters for Compressed Air
Filters
Filters of all kinds are found everywhere in the world,
and most of us are familiar with some of them. The
proper selection and use of compressed air filters
will prevent many short and long term problems with
your compressed air equipment and systems and
save you substantially in down-time and component
replacement costs over the life of your compressed
air system.
The standard compressed air filter will contain the
following components. The numbers on the picture
of the compressed air filter picture correspond to the
description in the text.
1) Air inlet; Air flows through the inlet. The cap is
plumbed internally to force the air to flow downwards
and spiral into to the filter bowl. This "cyclonic
action" will "throw" free water and debris that may be
in the air against the walls of the bowl, where it will flow down into the bottom.
2) The filter cap; Correct air filter operation depends on the air flowing through the
unit in the correct direction from the supply line out the filter discharge. The correct
air flow direction will almost always be identified on the cap of the filter, usually with
an arrow. The arrow points in the desired direction of air flow from the supply line to
the filter discharge. The air filter will not work properly if you inadvertently reverse
the air flow.
3) The dotted line shows the flight path of the compressed air as flows toward the
filter discharge. In order to exit the filter through this path, the compressed air must
have undergone the cyclonic action phase, and then passed through the filter
element, further purifying the airstream.
4) This is the filter discharge; allowing the flow of the filtered compressed air from
the filter and down the air line to your applications. While it's feasible to use a larger
filter unit on the small air line, attempting the reverse may impede compressed air
flow. Do not do this unless you've checked to ensure that the flow of the smaller air
filter has sufficient flow capacity for your application.
5) This is the filter element; Insufficient air supply problems encountered
downstream from your compressed air filter are often caused by the element
becoming plugged and choking your air supply. If
your air tool or applications isn't getting enough air,
check the element. Clean it or replace it, depending
on the type.
Filter elements have a specific flow capacity
measured in CFM, and a particulate size rating
measured in Microns.
The chart beside tells you the actual size particle
that a specific Micron rating represents.
- 47 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
General purpose filter elements are 30 or 40 Micron sized. For some applications,
you'll want a 5 Micron element, however, depending on your air quality, an element
that 'fine' will clog quickly. It's common, then, to use a general purpose filter
upstream from the unit with the 5 Micron element, to increase it's life.
6) The filter bowl of your air filter may thread into the cap housing, or more likely
use a "bayonet" type mount. The bayonet style of mount can be installed by
pushing the bowl up against the cap, rotating it a short distance, and letting the lugs
on the bowl slide down into the receptacles in the cap. To remove the bowl, you
reverse the process.
7) Bowl Separation Barrier; Inside of almost every air filter bowl there will be a
device that separates the bowl into an 'above' and 'below' section. This barrier is
usually made of a plastic or plastic composite and is usually installed hanging from
the bottom of the element. This barrier blocks the cyclonic incoming air, preventing it
from reaching the "soup" of debris, water and oil that's collecting in the bottom of the
filter bowl. This barrier creates a "quiet" zone, allowing the contamination that
collects onto the sides of the bowl to flow down, ultimately out of the cyclonic air,
and to remain - without getting entrained or re-entrained back into the air stream,
until it can be expelled from the drain at the bottom of the bowl.
8) Drain; All industrial compressed air filters will have a drain in the bottom of the
bowl. These drains may be manual, float type, or electronic auto drains. They need
to be opened regularly to allow collected water and debris to escape from the filter
bowl. Failure to drain the filter bowls often enough will mean that the water and
debris in the "quiet zone" will rise past the barrier referred to above, and once there,
be entrained into the "cyclonic" air, and onto the element.
Here are the generally accepted symbols for drawing
compressed air filters in your circuit schematic.
- 48 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Refrigerated Air Dryer
Refrigerated Air Dryers can help you solve the problem of harmful moisture in your
compressed air system. Excess moisture in your system can harm equipment and
ruin processes or product, costing you time and money.
COMPRESSED AIR CIRCUIT
•
The refrigerated
air dryer cools the
incoming
compressed air
first in an air-to-air
heat exchanger
where the
outgoing cool dry
air pre-cools the
hot incoming air
and condenses
some moisture
out.
•
Then the
incoming air
enters an air-torefrigerant heat
exchanger where
dry air
heat exchanger
wet air
refrigeration unit
refrigerant
separator
refrigeration machine
the air is cooled to 38º F by the liquid refrigerant.
This process causes the moisture to condense into liquid water and it is
drained away.
The out going air then enters the air-to-air heat exchanger and is warmed up
to keep the outside of pipes from sweating.
REFRIGERATION CIRCUIT
•
The refrigeration compressor pumps hot hi-pressure gas refrigerant (Freon)
into the condenser which transfers the heat from the refrigerant gas to the
ambient air as the gas condenses into a liquid.
•
The liquid refrigerant (Freon) is then metered to a cold low pressure where it
enters the air-to-refrigerant heat exchanger and the heat from the hot
compressed air is adsorbed into the cold refrigerant (Freon).
•
The refrigeration compressor then sucks low pressure hot gas refrigerant
(Freon) into the refrigeration compressor and the cycle starts over again.
- 49 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
1. Single-acting cylinder
152887
Single-acting cylinder
Design
Function
The single-acting cylinder with trip cam and push-in fitting is mounted on a
plastic retainer. The unit is mounted on the profile plate via quick release
detent system with two blue trip grip nuts (mounting alternative "B").
The piston rod of the single-acting cylinder moves into the forward end position
through the supply of compressed air. When the compressed air is switched
off, the piston is returned to the retracted end position via a return spring. The
magnetic field of a permanent magnet, which is attached to the cylinder piston,
actuates the proximity switches.
Technical data
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered (lubricated or
unlubricated)
Design
Piston cylinder
Operating pressure max.
1000 kPa (10 bar)
Piston diameter
8 mm
Max. stroke length
50 mm
Thrust at 600 kPa (6 bar)
139 N
Spring return force min.
13.6 N
Connection
QS-G1/8-4 fittings for plastic tubing PUN 4 x
0.75
- 50 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
2. Double acting cylinder
152888
Double-acting cylinder
Design
The double-acting cylinder with trip cam and push-in fittings is mounted on a
plastic retainer. The unit is mounted on the profile plate via a quick release
detent system with two triple grip nuts (mounting alternative "B").
Function
The piston rod of the double-acting cylinder is reversed by means of
alternating supply of compressed air. End position cushioning at both ends
prevents a sudden impact of the piston on the cylinder housing. The end
position cushioning can be adjusted by means of two regulating screws. The
magnetic field of a permanent magnet attached to the cylinder piston actuates
the proximity switches.
Technical data
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered (lubricated or
unlubricated)
Design
Piston cylinder
Operating pressure max.
1000 kPa (10 bar)
Piston diameter
8 mm
Max. stroke length
100 mm
Thrust at 600 kPa (6 bar)
189 N
Return force at 600 kPa (6
bar)
158 N
Connection
QS-G1/8-4 fittings for plastic tubing PUN 4 x
0.75
- 51 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
3. 3/2-way valve pushbutton actuator, nc
152860
3/2-way valve with pushbutton actuator, normally closed
Design
The 3/2-way valve with pushbutton actuator, normally closed is assembled in a
polymer housing. The unit is mounted on the profile plate via a quick release detent
system with blue lever (mounting alternative "A").
Function
The valve is actuated by pressing the pushbutton. Releasing of the pushbutton
returns the valve to the normal position via a return spring.
Technical data
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered (lubricated or
unlubricated) (or vacuum; port 1)
Design
Poppet valve, directly actuated on one side, with
return spring
Actuation
Pushbutton
Pressure range
-90 – 800 kPa (-0.90 – 8 bar)
Standard nominal flow
rate 1...2
Actuating force at 600 kPa
(6 bar)
Connection
60 l/min
6N
QSM-4 fittings for plastic tubing PUN 4 x 0.75
- 52 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
4. 3/2-way pneumatic valve pneumatically actuated one side
539768
3/2-way pneumatic valve, pneumatically actuated, one side
or
The internal structure of
this valve
Design
The 5/2-way pneumatic valve with push-in connectors and a single blanking plug is
screwed on to an assembly base, which is equipped with supply port and silencers.
The unit is mounted on the profile plate via a quick release detent system with blue
lever (mounting alternative „A“).
Note
The valve ports are identified by numbers:
- 53 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
3/2-way pneumatic valve, pneumatically actuated, one side
Function
Technical Data
539768
The pneumatic valve switches at port 14 (Z) (10 (Z)) via a pneumatic signal and is
returned to the initial position via a spring when the signal has been removed.
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered
Design
Spool valve, indirectly actuated on one side,
with return spring
Pressure range
200 to 1000 kPa (2 to 10 bar)
Operating pressure range
-90 to 1000 kPa (-0.9 to 10 bar)
Standard nominal flow
rate 1…2, 1...4
500 l/min
Switching time at 600 kPa
(6 bar)
On: 8 ms Off: 18 ms
Connection
QS-1/8-4-I, QSM-M5-4-I fittings for plastic tubing
PUN 4 x 0.75
- 54 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
5. 5/2-way double pilot valve pneumatically actuated both sides
539769
5/2-way double pilot valve, pneumatically actuated, both sides
Design
The 5/2-way double pilot valve with push-in fittings is screwed onto the function
plate, which is equipped with supply port and silencers. The unit is mounted on
the profile plate via a quick release detent system with blue lever (mounting
alternative "A").
Function
The double pilot valve is actuated by applying pneumatic signals alternately to
ports 14 and 12. It remains in its last switched position until a counter signal is
received.
Technical Data
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered (lubricated or
unlubricated) or vacuum
Design
Spool valve, directly actuated on both sides
Control pressure range
200 to 1000 kPa (2 to 10 bar)
Operating pressure range
-90 to 1000 kPa (-0.9 to 10 bar)
Standard nominal flow
rate 1...2, 1...4
500 l/min
Response time at 600 kPa
(6 bar)
6 ms
Connection
QS-1/8-4-I, QSM-M5-4-I fittings for plastic tubing
PUN 4 x 0.75
- 55 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
6. 5/2-way single solenoid electric valve
539777
5/2-way single solenoid valve with LED
Design
The 5/2-way solenoid valve is mounted using push-in fittings onto the function plate,
which is equipped with a supply port and silencer. The two electrical connections are
equipped with safety connectors. The unit is mounted on the profile plate using a
snap-lock system with a blue lever (mounting variant "A").
Function
The solenoid valve is reversed when voltage is applied to the solenoid coil (1 →4)
and brought back into its initial position (1 → 2) by a return spring when the signal
is removed. The switching status is shown by an LED in the terminal housing. The
valve is equipped with a manual override.
Note
The solenoid coil is characterised by very low power consumption and low heat
generation. The electrical connection incorporates protection against incorrect
polarity for the LED and a protective circuit.
- 56 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
5/2-way single solenoid valve with LED
539777
Technical Data
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered (lubricated or
unlubricated)
Design
Spool valve, pilot-actuated, with return spring
Pressure range
300 to 800 kPa (3 to 8 bar)
Switching time at 600 kPa
(6 bar)
On: 25 ms OFF: 40 ms
Standard nominal flow
rate
500 l/min
Connection
QS-1/8-4-I fittings for plastic tubing PUN 4 x
0.75
Electrical
Voltage
24 V DC
Duty cycle
100 %
Protection class
IP65
Connection
M8x1 central plug, cable with socket and 4 mm
safety plugs
- 57 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
7. 5/2-way double solenoid electric valve
539778
5/2-way double solenoid valve with LED
1M1
1M2
1M1
Design
The 5/2-way double solenoid valve is mounted using push-in fittings onto the
function plate, which is equipped with a supply port and silencer. The four
electrical connections are equipped with safety connectors. The unit is mounted
on the profile plate using a snap-lock system with a blue lever (mounting variant
Function
The double solenoid valve is reversed when voltage is applied to a solenoid coil
and remains in this switching position after the signal is removed until an
opposed signal is applied. The presence of switching signals is shown by the
LEDs in the terminal housings. The valve is equipped with a manual override.
Note
The solenoid coil is characterised by very low power consumption and low
heat generation. The electrical connections incorporate protection against
incorrect polarity for the LEDs and protective circuits.
- 58 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
5/2-way double solenoid valve with LED
539778
Technical Data
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered (lubricated or
unlubricated)
Design
Spool valve, pilot-actuated
Pressure range
300 to 800 kPa (3 to 8 bar)
Switching time at 600 kPa
(6 bar)
Standard nominal flow
rate
15 ms
500 l/min
3 QS-1/8-4-I fittings for plastic tubing PUN 4 x
0.75
Connection
Electrical
Voltage
24 V DC
Duty cycle
100 %
Protection class
IP65
Connection
M8x1 central plug, cable with socket and 4 mm
safety plugs
- 59 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
8. Relay
Function
The relay consists of a coil with a core (1) and winding (3) with connection lugs (7),
2 4
A1
an armature (4), a return spring (2) and a
contact assembly with four changeover
2 3
contacts (5) and connection lugs (6). When
A2
1
power is applied to the coil connections,
current flows through the winding, creating a
magnetic field. The armature is pulled onto
the coil core and the contact assembly is
1
actuated. Electrical circuits are opened or
4
closed via this assembly.
When the electrical current is removed, the
5
magnetic field collapses and the armature
and contact assembly are returned to their
A1 A2
4 2
1
original position by a return spring.
7
6
Note
The switching status of the relays is indicated by LEDs, which are protected against
incorrect polarity. The four changeover contacts of the contact assembly can be
used as normally-open contacts (1), normally-closed contacts (2) or changeover
contacts (4).
(check the Information for contacts)
- 60 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
9. Contacts
Symbol
Design / Function
Design:
Pushbutton with normally open contacts
Function:
In the case of a pushbutton, the selected switching position is only
retained as long as the pushbutton is activated. The pushbutton
shown here has a normally open function. With normally open
contacts, the electrical circuit is interrupted when the pushbutton is
in its normal position, i.e. in the inactivated state. When the control
stem is actuated, the electrical circuit is closed and current flows to
the consuming device. When the control stem is released, the
pushbutton is returned to its normal position by means of spring
force and the electrical circuit is interrupted.
Design:
Switch with normally closed contacts
Function:
Switches are mechanically locked into the two switching positions.
The respective switching position is retained until the switch is
once again activated. The control switch shown here has a
normally closed function.
In the case of normally closed contacts, the electrical circuit is
closed when the control switch is held in its normal position by
means of spring force. When the control switch is activated, the
electrical circuit is interrupted and reactivation closes the circuit
again.
Design:
Pushbutton with change-over contacts
Function:
In the case of a pushbutton, the selected switching position is only
retained as long as the pushbutton is activated. The pushbutton
shown here has a change-over function. In the case of changeover contacts, NC and NO functions are combined into a single
component. An electrical circuit is closed and another is
interrupted with a single switching operation. Both circuits are
briefly interrupted during switching.
- 61 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
10. Magnetic proximity sensor
540695
Proximity sensor, electronic
Design
The proximity sensor consists of the sensor, mounting kit and cable. The cable is
equipped with a socket and three jack plugs.
Function
This proximity sensor emits an electrical signal when approaching a magnetic field
(e.g. permanent magnet on a cylinder piston). The electrical connections are moulded
into the cable. The switching status is indicated via an LED. The yellow LED is
illuminated when actuated.
Note
The polarity of the applied voltage is to be observed for the correct functioning of the
device. The wires inside the socket cable must therefore be allocated by colour: Red
(BN) for positive, blue (BU) for negative and black (BK) for the signal output. In this
case, the load (relay) is connected to the sensor and to the negative pole. The switch is
protected against reverse polarity but not against short circuit.
- 62 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Proximity sensor, electronic
540695
Technical data
Electrics
Switching voltage
10 to 30 V DC
Switching current
Max. 200 mA
Switching accuracy
±0.1 mm
Switching time
On: 0.5 ms Off: 0.5 ms
Connection
M 8x1 plug socket for socket with cable
Cable
With 4 mm jack plug
Electromagnetic compatibility
Emitted interference
Tested to EN 500 81-1
Noise immunity
Tested to EN 500 82-1
- 63 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
11. Optical proximity sensor
178577
Proximity sensor, optical
Design
The optical proximity sensor with LED and electrical connections is assembled on a
polymer assembly base. The electrical connection is effected by means of safety
connectors. The unit is mounted on the profile plate via a quick release detent system
with blue triple grip nut (mounting alternative “B”).
Function
Optical proximity sensors consist of two main modules, the emitter and the receiver. In
the case of diffuse sensor, these are built into one housing. The emitter of the diffuse
sensor emits a pulsating, red light which is within the visible spectral range. The object
to be detected reflects part of the light emitted. This light is detected by a
semiconductor device in the receiver which is also built into the sensor housing and
causes a change in the switching status.
The object to be detected may be reflective, matt, transparent or opaque. All that is
needed is for a sufficiently high proportion of light to be reflected directly or diffusely.
The operational switching distance may be varied by means of a potentiometer. The
proximity sensor has a PNP output, i.e. the signal line is switched to the positive
potential in the switched status. The switch is designed as a normally closed contact.
The connection of the load takes place between the signal output of the proximity
sensor and the load. The switching status is indicated by a yellow LED. The sensor is
protected against polarity reversal, overload and short circuit.
- 64 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
178577
Note
The correct polarity of the applied voltage is necessary for proper functioning. The
connections for the operating voltage are colour coded as follows: red for positive,
blue for negative and black for the signal output. The load is connected to the
switching output and the negative terminal of the current supply.
Technical Data
Electrical
Switching voltage
10 – 30 V DC
Residual ripple
maximum 10%
Nominal switching distance
0 to 100 mm (adjustable)
Switching frequency
maximum 200 Hz
Output function
Normally open contact, positive switching
Output current
maximum 100 mA
Protection class
IP65
Connections
for 4 mm safety connector plug
Cable
with 4 mm safety connector plug
Electromagnetic compatibility
Eitted interference
tested to EN 500 81-1
Noise immunity
tested to EN 500 82-1
- 65 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
12. Vacuum generator
152891
Vacuum generator/suction cup
Design
The vacuum generator with push-in elbow fitting and suction cup is mounted
on an assembly base. The unit is mounted on the profile plate via a quick
release detent system with blue lever (mounting alternative „A“).
Function
The vacuum generator creates vacuum when compressed air flows from ports
1 to 3 on the basis of the ejector principle. The suction cup is to be connected
to vacuum connection 1V. The suction process stops if the compressed air at 1
is switched off.
Note
The valve ports are identified by
numbers: 1 = Supply port 1V = Vacuum
connection 3 = Exhaust
Technical data
Pneumatic
Medium
Compressed air, filtered (lubricated or
unlubricated)
Design
Ejector principle
Pressure range
150 – 1000 kPa (1.5 – 10 bar)
Vacuum at 600 kPa (6
bar)
Minimum 85 kPa (0.85 bar)
Air consumption at 600
kPa (6 bar)
15 l/min
Switching frequency at
600 kPa (6 bar)
Maximum 10 Hz with 1 m tube
Connection
QSL-1/8-4, QS-1/8-4-I fittings for plastic tubing
PUN 4 x 0.75
- 66 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
13. Pressure switch
Pressure sensors can be subdivided into two groups. Differentiation is made
between:
• Pressure sensors with mechanical contact (mechanical mode of operation)
• Pressure sensors with electronic switching (electronic mode of operation)
Schematic drawing:
Circuit symbol:
Description: task and function:
Pressure switches are used in order to generate an electrical output signal when a
specified pressure is reached.
In the case of this mechanical pressure switch, pressure acts on the surface of a
piston. If the force generated by prevailing pressure exceeds the force of the spring
used, the piston moves and actuates the change-over contact points.
Switching pressure can be adjusted by preloading the spring, which is why this
pressure sensor is called a pressure switch.
- 67 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
This action based training was developed within the Leonardo Da Vinci Transfer of
Innovation Project:
“MODULES FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR
COMPETENCES IN EUROPA II”
“MOVET II”
(PROJECTNUMBER DE/10/LLP-LdV/TOI/147341)
Module
Electro-Pneumatics
Learning Material for teachers
gripper
Pos. 1
Workstation
Distribution
Pos. 2
The aim of the training is to enable the apprentices to develop the skills, knowledge
and competence for competence area 7 of the competence Matrix Mechatronics
from the VQTS model (cf. Karin Luomi-Messerer & Jörg Markowitsch, Vienna 2006)
7.2 He/She can master the selection of hardware, software and industrial
components for mechatronic systems (sensors, actuators, valves, relays, interfaces,
communication procedures). He/she can provide and test simple software control
programs (SPS) and develop and design simple control programms according to
production process requirements (adaption of 7.2)
- 68 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Instruction Sheet
The electro-pneumatics module has the following structure:
Unit
Content
Unit 1
Safety: you will learn how to work safely with the electro-pneumatic
equipment.
Unit 2
Production of compressed air: you will learn how compressed air is
produced.
Unit 3
Work orders 1-6: you will learn how to solve problems in automation
technology using electro-pneumatics.
Every work order consists of a part that contains the tasks and information
you might need to help you solving the problems.
Unit 4
Glossary: here you find the necessary technical terms in your language
In every work order you will proceed through the following steps:
•
Information: Study your work order also using the provided information
material.
•
Planning: Plan, develop and simulate with FluidSIM.
•
Realisation: Realise your solution on the profile plate with electro-pneumatic
components.
•
Checking: Check your own work using your evaluation sheet.
•
Evaluation: Evaluate your work together with your teacher using your
evaluation sheet.
- 69 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Evaluation work orders
Every work order is going to be evaluated in two steps.
(There is a maximum of 5 points for the tasks, 10 points for the circuit diagram and
15 for the function)
Self check:
First you check if all the tasks, the circuit diagram and the necessary functions of the
work order are completed. Then you fill in the points you would give yourself.
Evaluation:
Then you are going through the same process with your teacher and see how
she/he evaluates your work. All together you can get a maximum of 30 points for
every work order.
Tasks
5P
Work orders
Circuit Diagram Function
10P
15P
Result
Self check
WO 1
Evaluation
Self check
WO 2
Evaluation
Self check
WO 3
Evaluation
Self check
WO 4
Evaluation
Self check
WO 5
Evaluation
Self check
WO 6
Evaluation
points
Result
mark
points 180-151
mark
1
150-121
120-91
90-46
45-0
2
3
4
5
- 70 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
1.
Module ElectroPneumatics
Safety Precautions and work instructions
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You´ll be able to name and memorize (1F) the safety precautions and work
instructions.
You´ll be able to identify (4Ca) hazardous situations
You´ll be able to formulate (5Ca) further safety precautions.
Tasks
1. Identify hazardous situations in your working environment.
2. Formulate further safety precautions and write them on the sheet.
Electrical:
•
work only in the absence of voltage
•
use low voltage only (24V vs. 230V)
•
use only connector cables with safety plugs
•
do not use defect electrical components
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
Mechanical:
•
mount all components securely
•
hands off the limit switches, push it only using a tool (e.g. screwdriver)
•
hands off the moving parts
•
actuate limit switches not frontally
•
attention while troubleshooting
•
work only in a standstill set-up
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
- 71 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Pneumatics:
•
danger when tubings slipping off
- use short tubing connections
- switch compressed air off immediately if tubing slips off
•
push the tubing into the push-in connector as far as it will go
•
the tubing can be pulled out, after pressing down the blue release ring
•
don´t disconnect tubing while under pressure
•
complete and secure all the tubing connections before switching on the
compressed air
•
attention: while switching compressed air on, cylinders may activate
automatically
•
maximum pressure of 6 bar
•
use plastic tubing with an outside diameter of 4 or 6 mm
•
switch off compressed air before dismantling the circuit
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
General:
•
trainer instructions
•
observe data sheets
•
individual safety instructions
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
- 72 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
2.
Module ElectroPneumatics
Production of compressed air
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to tabulate and describe (1F) the components.
You’ll be able to understand (2F) the flow diagram.
You’ll be able to describe (2Ca) the valve settings.
You'll be able to summarize (2Ca) the production of compressed air
The following four components are important for producing compressed air:
- screw compressor
- filters
- oil-water separator
- absorption air dryer
Form four different international teams and choose one of the components (best:
one of each country) and do the following task:
Read through the Information of the chosen component and prepare a short spoken
presentation/ speech (2-5 minutes) for the others.
The following aspects can be interesting:
- name of the component
- function of the component
- explain important vocabulary
- things of interest
Afterwards we are going to visit the place were the compressed air is produced in
BSFT and each group identify and explain its part of the system.
- 73 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
7
5
6
2
1
3
4
Tasks
1. Fill in the components rightly in the table below
refrigerated air dryer / compressed air filter / compressed air reservoir / oil water separator /
compressed air filter / pressure regulator / compressor /
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2. Mark the lines in the diagram with the right colours:
•
warm compressed air: red
•
prepared air: blue
•
incoming air: green
•
exhaust air: orange
•
condensate line: yellow
3. Mark the closed valves
red and the open valves blue for normal operation
4. Describe in your own words the 4 steps from ambient air to cooled, clean
compressed air. Use the colours from the diagram above.
- 74 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution
1.
Fill in the components rightly in the table below
refrigerated air dryer / compressed air filter / compressed air reservoir / oil water seperator /
compressed air filter / pressure regulator / compressor /
2.
3.
1
rotary screw compressor
2
compressed air reservoir
3
refrigerated air dryer
4
oil water separator
5
compressed air filter
6
compressed air filter
7
pressure regulator
Mark the lines in the diagram with the right colors:
•
warm compressed air: red
•
prepared air: blue
•
incoming air: green
•
exhaust air: orange
•
condensate line: yellow
Mark the closed valves
red and the open valves blue for normal operation
7
5
6
2
1
3
4
4.
Describe in your own words the 4 steps from ambient air to cooled, clean
compressed air. Use the colours from the diagram above.
compress => clean => cool => clean
- 75 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
3 Work orders
.
- 76 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.1
Module ElectroPneumatics
Pneumatic basics (WO1)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You'll be able to develop (3F) electro - pneumatic circuits by means of standard
components.
You’ll be able to differentiate (2F) single and double acting cylinder, standard way valves,
direct and indirect control of cylinders.
You’ll be able to use (3F) the item designation systematically.
Pneumatic basic controls
function
1.1
pneumatic circuit
Direct control of a single acting cylinder
Basic controls 1.1
1A1
1V1
0Z1
- 77 -
2
1
3
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
1.2
Module ElectroPneumatics
Direct control of a double acting cylinder
Basic controls 1.2
1A1
1V1
0Z1
4
2
5
3
1
1.3
indirect control of a single acting cylinder via a monostable 3/2 way valve
Basic controls 1.3
1A1
1V1
2
1
1S1
0Z1
- 78 -
2
1
3
3
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
1.4
Module ElectroPneumatics
indirect control of a double acting cylinder via a monostable 5/2 way valve
1A1
Basic controls 1.4
1V1
4
2
5
3
1
1S1
2
0Z1
1.5
1
3
indirect control of a double acting cylinder by means of a 5/2-way valve,
pneumatically actuated at both ends
1A1
Basic controls 1.5
1V1
4
2
5
3
1
1S1
0Z1
- 79 -
2
1
1S2
3
2
1
3
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Ite m d e s ig n a tio n
d riv e s
s ig n a l
p ro x im ity s e n s o r
v a lv e s
a ll o th e r p a rts
A
S
B
V
Z
1S2
1A1
drive element
1V1
final control element
1V2
control element
1S1
1S3
1S2
signal element
0Z1
supply element
Pneumatics
1
2;4
3;5
12 ; 14
Designations for connections
Connection
Older pneumatics or hydraulics
inflow, pessure port
P
working port
A;B
exhaust port, tank
R;S
control port
X;Y
- 80 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Electro-pneumatic basic controls
2.1
Direct control of a single acting cylinder
3/2-way solenoid valve
1A1
Basic controls 2.1
2
2
1M1
1
3
1V1
1
1M1
1
3
3
4
3
3
2
2
1
2
5
unactuated
1
6
1
+24V
actuated
3
S1
Pushbutton, normally open contacts
4
+
1M1
0V
Name the parts of the solenoid valve
1
case
2
coil
3
pistol
4
Gasket 2 to 3
5
Gasket 1 to 2
6
spring
Fill in the numbers of the contacts
for the pushbutton normally open (n. o.).
- 81 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
2.2
direct control of a double acting cylinder
1A1
Basic controls 2.2
1V1
4
2
1M1
5
3
1
1
+24V
Describe the valve:
3
S1
4
5/2 way valve
monostable (with spring)
+
electical controlled
balanced
2.3
1M1
0V
Direct control of a double acting cylinder by means of a 5/2-way double
solenoid valve
4
2
1M1
(14)
1M2
(12)
84
5
3
Basic controls 2.3
1A1
82
1
1M1 (14)
1V1
1M2 (12)
84
5
4
1
2
3
82
4
2
1M1
(14)
1M2
(12)
84
5
3
4
2
5
3
1M1
1M2
82
1
1
1M1 (14)
1M2 (12)
84
5
4
1
2
3
82
1
+24V
2
3
S1
3
S2
4
4
+
1M1
0V
- 82 -
+
1M2
-
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.2
Module ElectroPneumatics
Sliding door (WO2)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function of the magnetic proximity sensor.
You’ll be able to differentiate (2Ca) between AND and OR logic operations.
You’ll be able to analyse (4Ca, 4P) the result of the loss of air for your circuit.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the problem
A sliding door between two rooms needs to be opened and closed by using a
pushbutton. Only one pushbutton should be located at each side of the door (1S1,
1S2) in order to prevent operator error in case of an emergency.
The process can only be started when the door is in one of its end positions. The
Pressure must be limited to 3 bar (300 kPa) for safety reasons (danger of pinching).
Procedure
When the sliding door is in one of its defined end positions, it can be moved to the
other end position by pressing the pushbutton. The door can thus be opened and
closed.
The opening and closing processes cannot be started as long as the door is not in
one of its end positions.
Layout
1S1
- 83 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Tasks
1.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the sliding
door’s control system with correct description of
the components including an equipment list.
2.
Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
3.
Describe the function of the magnetic proximity
sensor 540695. What type of cylinder is therefore needed? For function
presentation see: http://reed-switch-info.com/
Reed switch
Additional tasks
4.
What happens if compressed air supply fails during advance or return
motion?
5.
How can the control system be put back into operation, what must be
done?
6.
Fill in the function/truth table below.
>=1 : OR Logic
Operation
Function/truth table
I1
I2
Q
& : AND Logic Operation
I1
I2
Q
I1
I2
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Q
Function/truth table
I1
I2
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Description of function
Q
- 84 -
Description of function
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the sliding door’s
control system with correct description of the components including an equipment
list.
WO2 sliding door
+24V
1
2
3
4 5
6
+24V
7
8
1B1
3
1S1
3
3
3
1B2
1A1
1S2
4
4
1B1
4
1B2
3
4
23
K2
K3
4
3
24
1V3
1V2
3
K1
K1
4
4
1V1
4
2
5
3
1M1
A1
K1
A1
K2
A2
A1
+
K3
A2
1M1
1M2
A2
0V
0V
4
6
7
8
Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
The set up is done on the mounting plate
Describe the function of the magnetic proximity
sensor 540695. What type of cylinder is therefore
needed? For function presentation see: http://reedswitch-info.com/
The proximity sensor reacts when a magnetic field
approaches. It can therefore only be used with
cylinder piston with a permanent magnet.
What happens if compressed air supply fails during
advance or return motion?
The door remains in its current position.
- 85 -
1M2
1
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
How can the control system be put back into operation, what must be done?
It must be manually pushed into one of its end-positions in order to restart the
control system, because otherwise the start condition is not fulfilled (door is in one of
its two end-positions).
Fill in the function/truth table below.
>=1 : OR Logic
Operation
Function/truth Table
I1
I2
Q
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
& : AND Logic Operation Function/truth Table
I1
I2
Q
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
- 86 -
Description
If the signal state of one of one
operand is 1, the condition is
satisfied.
Description
If the signal state of all
operands is 1, the condition is
satisfied.
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Relays
Tasks
Test the relay:
1.
Connect a n.o. contact S1 with A1 and A2 of the relay coil (K1)
Connect a lamp P1 that lights if you operate S1.
Connect a lamp P2 that goes off if you operate S1.
2.
Create and simulate the circuit diagram.
3.
Set up the circuit diagram on your mounting plate.
4.
Describe the functions of relays in electric circuits.
- 87 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution
2. Create and simulate the circuit diagram.
4. Describe the functions of relays in electric circuits.
Relays can be used to:
Multiply a signal.
Invert a signal from 1 to 0 and vice versa.
Increase a signal
Store a signal
- 88 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.3
Module ElectroPneumatics
Roller conveyor (WO3)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the correct connection of a proximity sensor in an
electric circuit.
You’ll be able to understand (2F) the function of the different proximity sensors.
You’ll be able to recognize (1F) and apply (3P) the appropriate proximity sensor for
the task.
You’ll be able to understand (2F) the difference between a 5/2-way single solenoid
valve and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the Problem
The roller conveyor transports packages of different heights. If a package is higher
than 100mm it should be pushed off the roller conveyor.
100
Layout
Procedure
If a proximity sensor detects a “high” package and the on-switch is activated the
double acting cylinder extends and after having pushed the package off, retracts
automatically.
Choose an appropriate proximity sensor. Use a 5/2-way single solenoid valve and a
double acting cylinder for the control system.
- 89 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Tasks
1.
Do the information part proximity sensors of WO 3.
2.
Describe the difference between an inductive and a magnetic proximity
sensor!
3.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the roller
conveyor control system with correct description of the components
including an equipment list.
4.
Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
5.
Describe the difference in function between a 5/2-way single solenoid valve
and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve.
- 90 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Solution
1.
Do the information part proximity switches of WO 3.
Solution: see WO 3_proximity switches SOL
2.
Describe the difference between an inductive and a magnetic proximity
sensor!
The inductive sensor reacts if an electrically conductive material approaches. The
magnetic field is produced by the sensor.
The magnetic sensor (reed switch) reacts if a magnetic field approaches.
3.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the roller
conveyor control system with correct description of the components
including an equipment list.
WO 3 roller conveyor
+24V
1 2
4
5
6
7
+24V
8
1B2
3
1A1
3
1S1
4
K2
3
K3
4
3
4
K3
1B0
4
1V3
1V2
3
K1
1
4
1B2
1V1
2
A1
K1
A2
A1
5
K3
A2
2
1M1
A1
K2
4
1M1
1
3
A2
0V
0V
5
6
7
8
4.
Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
5.
Describe the difference in function between a 5/2-way single solenoid valve
and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve.
A 5/2-way single solenoid valve gets back in its initial position as soon as the signal
is gone because of the spring return.
A 5/2-way double solenoid valve switches and remains in its position when it gets a
short signal.
- 91 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Proximity Sensors
In order to find out how different proximity sensors react to different materials do the
following tests.
Equipment
Objects: cubes made of aluminium, grey plastic, transparent plastic
Proximity sensors: inductive, capacitive, optical (see Book of Tables)
Tasks
1.
Create and simulate the electric circuit diagram for the proximity sensors.
2.
Set up the circuits on your mounting plate.
Connect the sensor to a 24 V DC power supply and the output Q1 to a signal lamp
P1
Test the 3 proximity switches and fill in the table
(1 = sensor reacts to material; 0 = sensor does not react).
material
proximity sensor symbol
aluminium
inductive
optical
capacitive
- 92 -
black
plastic
white
plastic
steel
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution
1.
Create and simulate the electric circuit diagram for the proximity sensors.
2.
Set up the circuits on your mounting plate.
Connect the sensor to a 24 V DC power supply and the output Q1 to a signal lamp
P1
3.
Test the 3 proximity switches and fill in the table
(1 = sensor reacts to material; 0 = sensor does not react).
material
proximity sensor symbol
aluminium
black
plastic
white
plastic
steel
Inductive
1
0
0
1
optical
1
1
1
1
capacitive
1
1
1
1
- 93 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.4
Module ElectroPneumatics
Vacuum (WO4)
Learning outcomes
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function and principle of the vacuum generator.
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function of a pneumatic semi rotary drive.
You’ll be able to analyse (4P) the result of the loss of electric power for your circuit.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the problem
Workpieces shall be transported from the distribution workstation to the next one. A
gripper transports the workpiece from position 1 to the next station position 2. The
gripper consists of a vacuum generator/suction cup and a pneumatic semi rotary
drive.
Layout
gripper
Pos. 1
Workstation
Distribution
Pos. 2
- 94 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Procedure
The gripper moves from position 2 to position 1.
When the gripper is in position 1 and the suction cup holds the workpiece safely by
means of a vacuum the semi rotary drive moves back to position 2 and drops the
workpiece.
The process is started if the capacitive proximity sensor in Pos. 1 detects the plastic
workpiece and the on-switch is operated.
Tasks
1.
Check http://youtu.be/zkM9Ir30rw8 to see an example for handling with vacuum.
2.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the vacuum
work order with correct description of the components including an equipment
list.
3.
Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
4.
Describe the function of the vacuum generator/suction cup 152891. Find
another example which uses the same principle. Check also
http://youtu.be/8MvHplOIQCI.
5.
Describe the function of a pneumatic semi rotary drive.
6.
What happens in the case of an electric power loss during the transport of the
work piece?
- 95 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Solution
1.
Check http://youtu.be/zkM9Ir30rw8 to see an example for handling with vacuum.
2.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the vacuum
work order with correct description of the components including an
equipment list.
1B2
1B1
WO 4 vacuum
2A1
1A1
P2
P1
1V3
2B0
2Z2
1V2
2V1
1V1
4
2
5
3
1M1
+24V
4
1M2
6
1
7
8
2Z1
2
2M1
1
9 10
3
+24V
11
1
2
3
3
1S1
3
3
3
4
1B2
1B1
3
K3
4
K2
2B0
23
K4
4
23
K3
24
24
4
4
3
K1
1
4
A1
K1
2
A1
A1
K2
A2
1B1
+
A1
K3
A2
1M1
K4
A2
A2
0V
0V
6
1
3
10
2
- 96 -
1M2
+
2M1
-
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.
Set up the control system on your mounting plate.
4.
Describe the function of the vacuum generator/suction cup 152891. Find
another example which uses the same principle. Check also
http://youtu.be/8MvHplOIQCI.
The vacuum generator works on the ejector principle: The velocity of the air that
flows through a tube gets higher if the diameter of the tube gets smaller. If you
connect another tube in this section the air gets drawn out of it and produces a
vacuum. (Skizze)(Example)
5.
Describe the function of a pneumatic semi rotary drive.
A semi rotary drive works basically like a double acting cylinder. But instead of a
piston there is a rotary vane that turns a drive shaft about 1800.
6.
What happens in the case of an electric power loss during the transport of
the work piece?
The single solenoid 3/2 way valve gets back in initial position. The airflow through
the vacuum generator is cut off and the vacuum stops. Therefore the workpiece will
fell off the suction cup.
Venturi effect
The velocity of the air increases as the cross sectional area decreases.
The pressure of the air decreases as the cross sectional area increases.
Low velocity
High pressure
High velocity
Low pressure
Venturi effect
In which area of the pipe would you connect the suction cup?
In the high velocity, low pressure area.
- 97 -
Low velocity
High pressure
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.5
Module ElectroPneumatics
Sawing fixture (WO5)
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You´ll be able to describe (1F) the function of the pressure switch.
You´ll be able to calculate and select (3Ca) the appropriate cylinder.
You´ll be able to calculate and analyze (4Ca) the air consumption.
You´ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You´ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the problem
A wooden board is clamped by means of a single-acting cylinder. The cutting feed
with the saw is done by means of a double acting cylinder.
Procedure
First the componentes should be clamped manually by a single-acting cylinder.
The double-acting cylinder can only extend after reaching a pressure of 4.5 bar at
the single acting cylinder and by pushing the two handbuttons. (Note: not a twohand safety control)
If the pressure decreases the cylinder must retract. After reaching the end position
the saw has to go back and be started again.
Layout:
- 98 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Calculation
The single-acting cylinder needs a force of 1000 N by an operation pressure of 6
bar. The stroke length is 125 mm.
The efficiency is 88 %.
The double-acting cylinder needs a force of 700 N by a operation pressure of 6 bar.
The stroke length is 300 mm. The efficiency is 93 %.
1.
Chose the right cylinders with the Festo datasheet. Check the result with a
calculation!
(Result single-acting: 50mm; double acting: 40mm)
2.
Calculate the air consumption of the double-acting cylinder if it works 6
times per minute forward and backward. (Result: 31.7 l/min)
3.
How much more air is consumed if you use a 50 mm double-acting
cylinder instead of a 40 mm.
(Result: 49.7 l/min)
4.
Calculate the difference in costs for one hour of operating. (1m³
compressed air costs 0.025 €)
(Result: 40mm => 0.0475 €/h; 50mm => 0.0725 €/h)
Task
1.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the sawing
fixture with correct description of the components including an equipment
list.
2.
Build the construction according to your Documents and test the function.
3.
Describe the function of the pressure switch.
- 99 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution for calculation
The single-acting cylinder needs a force of 1000 N by an operation pressure of 6
bar. The stroke length is 125 mm.
The efficiency is 88 %.
The double-acting cylinder needs a force of 700 N by a operation pressure of 6 bar.
The stroke length is 300 mm. The efficiency is 93 %.
1.
Choose the right cylinders with the Festo datasheet. Check the result with a
calculation! (Result single-acting: 50mm; double acting: 40mm)
F = pe • A • η → A =
D2 • π
A=
→D =
4
F
1000Ncm 2
=
= 18.94cm 2
pe • η 60N • 0.88
4A
π
=
4 • 18.94cm 2
π
= 4.91cm ≈ 50mm
F
700Ncm 2
F = pe • A • η → A =
=
= 12.54cm 2
pe • η 60N • 0.93
A=
D2 • π
→D =
4
2.
4A
π
=
4 • 12.96cm 2
π
= 4.00cm ≈ 40mm
Calculate the air consumption of the double-acting cylinder if it works 6
times per minute forward and backward. (Result: 31,7 l/min)
Q = 2• A• s• n •
pe + pamb
6
6 +1
dm 3
l
= 2 • 0.1256dm 2 • 3dm •
•
= 31.65
= 31.7
min
1
min
pamb
min
D2 • π 0.4 2 dm2 • π
A=
=
= 0.1256dm3
4
4
3.
How much more air is consumed if you use a 50 mm double-acting cylinder
instead of a 40 mm.
pe + pamb
6
6 +1
dm 3
l
2
Q = 2• A• s• n •
= 2 • 0.1963dm • 3dm •
•
= 49.47
= 49.5
pamb
min
1
min
min
D2 • π 0.52 dm2 • π
A=
=
= 0.1963dm3
4
4
4.
Calculate the difference in costs for one hour of operating. (1m³
compressed air costs 0.025 €)
Q40mm / h = 31.7
Q50mm / h
l
min
l
m3
• 60
=1902 =1.9
min
h
h
h
l
min
l
m3
= 49.5
• 60
= 2970 = 2.9
min
h
h
h
- 100 -
€/ hour =1.9
m3
€
€
• 0.025 3 = 0.0475
h
m
h
m3
€
€
€/ hour = 2.9
• 0.025 3 = 0.0725
h
m
h
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution
1.
Create and simulate the electro-pneumatic circuit diagram for the sawing
fixture with correct description of the components including an equipment
list.
2.
Build the construction according to your Documents and test the function.
3.
Describe the function of the pressure switch.
Pressure switches are used in order to generate an electrical output signal when a
specified pressure is reached.
- 101 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Important settings of the SMC pressure switch
F0
choose pressure unit
push (long)
adjust F0 with
confirm with
adjust unit bar with
confirm (long) with
P1
adjust switching pressure
push (short)
P1 appears
adjust pressure with
confirm with
F1
adjust vacuum
push (long)
adjust F1 with
confirm with
HYS appears
confirm with
1_P appears
confirm with
e.g. - 0,3 bar
adjust pressure with
confirm (long) with
F99
normal position (reset)
push (long)
adjust F99 with
confirm with
adjust "on" with
push
+
for 5s => F99 appears
confirm (long) with
Note: The pressure unit must be adjusted again!
- 102 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
3.6
Module ElectroPneumatics
Stamping device (WO6)
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You’ll be able to use (3Ca) the correct item designation.
You’ll be able to choose (3Ca; 3P) a suitable proximity sensor
You’ll be able to understand (2Ca) and develop (3P) a sequence chain.
You’ll be able to carry out (3P) the development and simulation of the circuit for the
task.
You’ll be able to check and evaluate (5Ca, 5P) your circuit.
Presentation of the Problem
Aluminium workpieces should be marked in a stamping device.
Procedure
The operation is started by pressing the Start button, when the cylinder 1A1 is in the
retracted position and the magazine is filled with workpieces.
The cylinder 1A1 pushes the workpieces from the magazine stack and clamps it to a
stop.
The cylinder 2A1 moves down the stamp. After the stamping process the cylinder
2A1 goes back into the starting position. In the end the cylinder 1A1 releases the
workpiece, which can be possibly removed by hand.
Layout
- 103 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Tasks
Create an electro-pneumatic solution
To solve this task, follow these steps:
Fill in the correct item designation (Figure above).
Choose a suitable proximity sensor for the magazine query.
Study the information for sequence chain for the electro-pneumatic solution.
Draw and simulate your circuit including a equipment list.
Construction: With your schematics (from FluidSIM) build on an electropneumatic solution.
- 104 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution
1. Fill in the correct item designation (Figure above).
2. Choose a suitable proximity sensor for the magazine query.
Optical proximity sensor, capacitive proximity sensor, inductive proximity sensor
Our solution: inductive proximity sensor (because it works with electric conductive
material like aluminium, it would not work with plastic)
- 105 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
4. Draw and simulate your circuit including a equipment list.
- 106 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Sequence chain
Sequence chains can avoid the problem signal overlap. Extensive tasks with more
than two actuators can be planned and carried out easily and safely. Sequence
chain controls are therefore a suitable solution for complex automation tasks and
frequently used as an industrial standard.
Principle of a sequence chain:
Apply the following rules for the sequence chain control:
Each end position of an actuator operates a signal element (e. g. limit switch).
Each active step must be provided with a self holding.
The next step of a sequence chain is only possible, if the previous step has been
executed (K3 in path 5).
The now active step resets the previous step (Normally closed contact K4 in path
3).
During execution the last step prepares the first step (the first step of the
sequence chain would need a normally closed contact of K5). In case of a
complete new start of the sequence chain there is no last step that prepares the
first one. Therefore the first step has to be prepared by an additional signal
element (instead of the normally closed contact of K5 by the NEWS. button in
path 9).
Example of a sequence chain (clearing):
3
4
INI2
INI3
K2
K3
6
5
8
9
INI4
K3
Preparation
for each step
7
K4
K3
K4
Sequence chain element to
activate
K5
NEWS.
K4
K5
K1
K4
K5
Delete the previous step
- 107 -
Final step:
In a single pass of the
sequence chain this
step remains set
(signal 1). Only a
reboot with the first
step deletes the last,
hence the name
"clearing sequence
chain"
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Glossary
According to work orders
English
Deutsch
Producing compressed air
Compressed air
Druckluft
Prepared air
Aufbereitete Luft
Incoming air
Zuluft
Exhaust air
Abluft
Condensate line
Kondensatleitung
Valve
Ventil
Rotare screw compressor
Schraubenverdichter
Compressed air reservoir
Druckkessel
Refrigerated air dryer
Kältetrockner
Oil water separator
Öl Wasser Abscheider
Air filter
Luftfilter
Pressure Regulator
Druckminderer
Work instructions and safety precautions
Safety precautions
Sicherheitshinweise
Work instructions
Arbeitshinweise
Voltage
Spannung
Safety plug
Sicherheitsstecker
Limit switch
Grenztaster
Troubleshooting
Fehlersuche
Tubings
Schläuche
Push in connector
Steckverbindung
Release ring
Lösungsring
- 108 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
WO 1 Pneumatic basic controls
Actuation
Betätigungsart
Single-acting cylinder
Einfachwirkender Zylinder
Double-acting cylinder
Doppeltwirkender Zylinder
Way valve
Wegeventil
Pneumatically actuated
pneumatisch betätigt
monostable
monostabil
WO 2 Sliding door
Sliding door
Schiebetür
Pushbutton
Taster
Switch
Schalter
Normally open (NO) contacts
Öffner
Normally closed (NC) contacts
Schließer
Change over contacts
Wechsler
Reed contact
Reed Kontakt (magnetisch betätigter
Kontakt)
Relay
Relais
Coil
Spule
Return spring
Rückholfeder
to apply
anlegen
to remove
wegnehmen
to pinch
einklemmen
WO 3 Roller conveyor
Roller conveyor
Rollenbahn
Proximity sensor
Näherungsschalter
to extend
ausfahren
to retract
einfahren
optical
optisch
inductive
induktiv
capacitive
kapazitiv
- 109 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
WO 4 Vacuum
Vacuum generator
Vakuumgenerator
Suction cup
Vakuumsauger
Distribution workstation
Station verteilen
gripper
Greifer
Semi rotary drive
Schwenkantrieb
WO 5 Sawing fixture
Two-hand safety control
Zweihandsicherheit
Force
Kraft
WO 6 Stamping device
magazine query
Magazin Abfrage
sequence chain
Schrittkette
to overlap
überschneiden
interrogate
abfragen
presuppose
voraussetzen
catch
hier: Selbsthaltung
item designation
Betriebsmittelkennzeichnung
- 110 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Test
Learning outcomes:
After completing this work order:
You´ll be able to describe (1F) the function of the magnetic proximity sensor.
You´ll be able to understand (2F) the funktion of the different proximity sensors.
You’ll be able to understand (2F) the difference between a 5/2-way single solenoid
valve and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve.
You’ll be able to describe (1F) the function and principle of the vacuum generator.
You´ll be able to calculate and select (3Ca) the appropriat cylinder.
You´ll be able to calculate and analyze (4Ca) the air consumption.
You´ll be able to argue (5Ca) economical aspects
1. Describe the function of a magnetic proximity sensor. What type of cylinder is
therefore needed?
(2p)
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
2. Which materials can be detected with an inductive proximity sensor!
(1p)
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
3. Which materials can be detected with a capacitive proximity sensor!
(1p)
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
4. Describe the difference in function between a 5/2-way single solenoid valve
and a 5/2-way double solenoid valve in case of an electric power outage. (2p)
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
5. Describe the function of the vacuum generator/suction cup (sketch).
(3p)
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
- 111 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
6. Calculation
Cardboard box lifter
The automatic system lifts
cardboard boxes.
P1
1S0
Calculation:
a) Choose a cylinder 1A1 with a stroke length of 300mm for a parcel of 20 kg, a
pressure of 6 bars and an efficiency factor of 0.88. (2p)
b) Calculate the costs for 1 day (8 hours) if 10 parcels per minute are proceed.
Cylinder 2A1 has the same diameter than 1A1 and a stroke length of 200mm. 1 m³
of air costs 0.50 €. (2p)
c) Because of the rising energy prices the controller of your company asks, if there
is a possibility to save air and costs. Do you have an idea of improvement?
( 2 Bonuspoints)
- 112 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Solution Test
1. Describe the function of a magnetic proximity sensor. What type of cylinder is
(2p)
therefore needed?
A proximity sensor reacts when a magnetic field approaches. It can therefore only
be used with a cylinder pistons that has a permanent magnet. (WO 2)
2. Which materials can be detected with an inductive proximity sensor! (1p)
The inductive sensor reacts if an electrically conductive material approaches.
3. Which materials can be detected with a capacitive proximity sensor!
(1p)
The capacitive sensor reacts to all material. (WO 3)
4. Describe the difference in function between a 5/2-way single solenoid valve and
5/2-way double solenoid valve.
(2p)
A 5/2-way single solenoid valve gets back in its initial position as soon as the signal
is gone because of the spring return.
A 5/2-way double solenoid valve switches and remains in its position.
5. Describe the function of the vacuum generator/suction cup (sketch).
(3p)
A vacuum generator works on the basis of the ejector principle. Because of the
reduction of the diameter the velocity of the air gets higher and the pressure gets
lower. The vacuum cup is connected to the reduced section where the pressure is
lower and air is drawn in the vacuum cup. (WO 4)
6. Calculation
Cardboard box lifter
The automatic system lifts
cardboard boxes.
P1
1S0
- 113 -
Module ElectroPneumatics
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Calculation:
a) Choose a cylinder 1A1 with a stroke length of 300mm for a parcel of 20 kg, a
pressure of 6 bars and an efficiency factor of 0.88.
F = pe • A • η → A =
A=
D2 • π
→D =
4
F
200 Ncm 2
=
= 3.79cm 2
p e • η 60 N • 0.88
4A
π
4 • 3.79cm 2
=
π
(v)
= 2.20cm ≈ 22mm
(v)
Next possible size d = 25mm.
b) Calculate the costs for 1 day (8 hours) if 10 parcels per minute are proceeded.
Cylinder 2A1 has the same diameter than 1A1 and a stroke length of 200mm. 1 m³
of air costs 0.50 €.
1A1, 300mm:
A=
D2 • π 0.252 dm2 • π
=
= 0.0491dm2
4
4
Q1A1 = 2 • A • s • n •
(v)
pe + pamb
10 6 +1
dm 3
l
= 2 • 0,0491dm 2 • 3dm •
•
= 20.6
= 20.6
(v)
pamb
min
1
min
min
2A1, 200mm:
A=
D2 • π 0.252 dm2 • π
=
= 0.0491dm2
4
4
pe + pamb
10 6 +1
dm 3
l
2
Q2 A1 = 2 • A • s • n •
= 2 • 0,0491dm • 2dm •
•
= 13.8
= 13.8
(v)
pamb
min
1
min
min
min
h
l
l
min
h
•8
= (20.6
+ 13.8
) • 60
•8
= 16512l = 16.5m 3
h
day
min
min
h
day
Costs per day app. 8.25 €
(v)
Q8 h = (Q1 A1 + Q2 A1 ) • 60
c) Because of the rising energy prices the controller of your company asks, if there
is a possibility to save air and costs. Do you have an idea of improvement?
Cylinder 2 A1 does need less force and diameter than 1A1 because it only pushes
the parcel horizontally of the roller conveyor. A smaller diameter would also mean
less consumption of air. Bonus (v)(v)
Σ15 (17)
Work orders
180-151
150-121
120-91
90-46
45-0
Paper and pencil
15-13
12-10
9-7
6-4
3-0
mark
1
2
3
4
5
At least 50% are necessary for passing:
work orders 90 points
paper and pencil test 7.5 points
- 114 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Work order company
Electro pneumatic Module
- 115 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Content
1 Description of work assignment.................................................. - 117 2 Preparation Sheet ...................................................................... - 119 3 Preparation Mounting Plate ........................................................ - 120 4 Drawing of the mechanical unit................................................... - 121 5 Pneumatic curcuit....................................................................... - 122 6 Electrical circuit .......................................................................... - 123 7 Terminal Strip............................................................................. - 123 8 Inspection by apprentice............................................................. - 124 -
- 116 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
1. Description of Work Assignment
MOVET II
Examination Part 1
Electro pneumatic Module
Description of work assignment
1. General
In the examination part 1 you have to complete a complex work assignment.
2. Time limit: 2.5 h
3. Examination documents which must be supplied for every candidate including this work
assignment :
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Description of work assignment (page 3/4)
P reparation sheet (page 5)
Preparation mounting plate (page 6)
Drawing of the mechanical unit (page 7)
Pneumatic circuit (page 8)
GRAFCET (page 8)
Electric circuit (page 9)
Evaluation sheet (page 10)
4. Identification of the examination documents
Enter your name in the specified area. (page 10)
5. Task related interview
During the work assignment the examiner will conduct a task related interview. Answer the
questions in a short, professional manner using the proper trade terminology. Demonstrate that
you can technically describe the trade specific facts.
6. Description of work assignment
The assembly with control function is a fixture designed to separate individual spacers.
The magazine (pos. 9) feeds the spacers (pos. 16) to the pusher (pos. 5). The movement of the
pusher occurs through the double acting cylinder (1A). With every extension stroke one spacer is
pushed out of the magazine.
- 117 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
7. Manufacturing process
Your work assignment is to build a completely functional assembly on the prepared mounting
plate with all the necessary control functions, according to drawings and other documents. All
work safety rules and regulations must be followed at all times. Your assignment comprises the
following:
Marking the parts
Assembly of individual components
Wiring
Piping hose system
Adjusting and fine tuning of assembly
Quality control: Check functionality of complete work assignment
Adjustment conditions:
The following adjustment conditions must be fulfilled on the control part of the assembly.
• The extension time and the retraction time of the piston rod must be adjusted according to
GRAFCET.
• The piston has a cushioning on both ends.
• During continuous operation, the piston will separate two spacers from the magazine.
(GRAFCET)
• All final adjustments must be secured/locked. (knurled nuts must be locked)
• The operating pressure must be set to a minimum of 4 bar.
8. Evaluation
Check your work assignment using the sheet called "Inspection by Apprentice“ (sheet 5 of 5).
Decide by yourself when and how your inspection should be conducted. Evaluate if given criteria
are fulfilled. Document your decision in the table section of your worksheet.
9. Handing in the documents
Make sure that all your documentation is marked with your name. Hand in your documents to the
examination board.
- 118 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
2. Preparation Sheet
MOVET II
Examination Part 1
Electro pneumatic Module
Preparation Sheet
Running
number
1
Number
1
Mounting plate
1
2
4
Spacer bolts
2
3
1
Double-acting cylinder
4
1
5-way pneumatic valve
1V1
5
1
3-way pneumatic valve
0V
6
1
Push button angle plate
3
7
3
Push button
4
8
1
Control lamp
5
9
4
Relay
6
10
1
Timer on delay relay
7
11
1
Modular terminal block
8
12
1
Mounting rail
9
13
5
Cable channels
14
2
Throttle check valve
15
2
Proximity switches
16
6m
Pneumatic hose
18
10m
Bridge for modular terminal
block
Wire conductor
19
50
Cable end sleeve
20
25
Cable tie
21
20
Sticker
22
2
Connecting cable
17
Name from the components
- 119 -
Piece number
10,11,12
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
3. Preparation Mounting Plate
- 120 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
4. Drawing of the Mechanical Unit
- 121 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
5. Pneumatic Circuit
- 122 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
6. Electrical Circuit
7. Terminal Strip
- 123 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
8. Inspection by Apprentice
MOVET II
Name
Electro pneumatic Module
Company
Inspection by apprentice
No.
1
2
3
Mechanical Assembly with Functional Control (function)
Rating 10 or 0 points
Overall function of the mechanical unit with control function, required pressure (min. 4
bar), cylinder 1A mounted, unit manufactured according to drawing, all fasteners tight
Remove piston rod of cylinder 1A from mechanical unit, check the control function
without mechanical components
The functional process follows the function chart (according to GRAFCET).
Turn off the electric power supply.
Test the function of the cylinder 1A according to the circuit plan by using the hand
assisted device.
Interim result divisor 0.3
Result of function
D1
No.
Inspection of the Pneumatic Components
Rating 10-9-7-5-3-0 points
1
Professional installation and positioning of all pneumatic components
2
Correct connections of all pneumatic components
3
Professional installation and fastening of all pneumatic hoses
4
Proper adjustment of the extension time of the piston rod of cylinder 1A
5
Proper adjustment of the retraction time of the piston rod of cylinder 1A
6
Proper adjustment of the extended end-position cushion
7
Proper adjustment of the retracted end-position cushion
8
Leak-tightness of all pneumatic connections
Interim result divisor 0.8
Result of pneumatic
D2
No.
1
2
Inspection of the Electrical Components
Rating 10-9-7-5-3-0 points
Correct installation of all electrical connections according to the electrical circuit
Correct positioning of all bridges
3
Professional installation and fastening of all electrical wires
4
Professional installation and positioning of the proximity switches
5
Complete and correct identification of all components
Interim result divisor 0.5
Result of electric
D3
Final Result (D1 + D2 + D3) / 3
- 124 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Handling Module company
Electropneumatic Module
- 125 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Contents
1
Description of work assignment.....................................................- 127 -
2
Function plan DIN EN 60848 (GRAFCET).....................................- 128 -
3
Pneumatic and Electrical Circuit ....................................................- 129 -
4
Terminal Strip................................................................................- 130 -
- 126 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
1. Description of work assignment
MOVET II
Handling module
Description of work assignment
Electropneumatic Module
Problem
For a fully automated quality control of ball bearing rollers (balls) a handling system
with vacuum technology can be used. A vacuum nozzle has to hold balls under axial
acceleration / deceleration. Using a test set-up three different nozzles should be
tested.
Work order handling device
Your task is to carry out the pneumatic hosing and the electrical wiring using the
existing plan. Consider the movements of the cylinders. All settings and adjustments
are carried out as described.
Functional description of the handling module
In magazine 1, the balls are stored. Cylinder 2A1 extends and the vacuum nozzle
picks up the first ball out of magazine 1. After two seconds cylinder 2A1 retracts.
Cylinder 1A1 extends and cylinder 2A1 moves out again. The vacuum is switched
off and the ball is put into magazine 2. After two seconds cylinder 2A1 retracts.
Cylinder 1A1 moves back to its ground position. This system can be operated either
in single mode (S1), automatic mode (S2) or single-step mode (S3).
Setting conditions
To achieve a low cycle time, the movement cycle (see GRAFCET) should be
performed with the highest possible speed. Make sure that the ball is held safely
during the cycle. All cylinder movements have to be cushioned in its end positions.
Timers should be adjusted according to GRAFCET.
Testing
Carry out test runs for the 3 different nozzles with three different cycle times (slow,
medium, fast). Document the results and develop a recommendation.
Presentation to the client
Present the system, which you have installed to the client. Explain your decision for
the chosen nozzle and discuss your solution with the customer
- 127 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
2. Function plan DIN EN 60848 (GRAFCET)
- 128 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
3. Pneumatic and Electrical Circuit
- 129 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
4. Terminal Strip
- 130 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Report: Work order
Please tick off! (bitte abhaken!)
Explanation of the problem:
o
Explanation of the general task
o
Nozzles are tested holding balls
o
Low cycle time/ highest possible speed
Presentation of the Electro pneumatic system
o
After the start button is pushed the vacuum nozzle extends to its front position (Xaxis) and picks a workpiece (ball).
o
Reaching the front position the suction cup sucks and retracts with the sucked work
piece after two seconds.
o
Then it moves to the upper end position extends to its front position and ends
sucking. After the work piece is placed (2 seconds) the system moves back in its
initial position.
Additional task
o
Change the speed of extending/retracting cylinder 2A1
o
The cylinder 2A1 should stay three(longer/shorter) seconds in front position
o
Change the wiring to K15/K16 completely including an explanation
Part 1: Explanation: 5 minutes
o good
o non sufficient
Part 2: Discussion: 5 minutes
o good
o non sufficient
Part3: Additional Task
o good
o non sufficient
company expert
teacher
signature
signature
- 131 -
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Questionnaire
2. Which suction nozzle did you choose? Explain why.
3. Describe the procedure of the entire system with the GRAFCET diagram.
4. When putting the unit under pressure, what has to be considered? What dangerous situations
could happen? (occur, arise)
5. Describe (explain…, what is…) the function of the push button 1S1.
6. Describe the function of the switch 1S2.
7. What do you need the time relay K15 for? Please explain.
8. What do you need the time relay K16 for? Please explain.
9. In which situation do you use the hand assisted device at valve ___ ?
10. Why do you need a terminal block?
11. What did you have to consider, when mounting the pneumatic hoses?
12. What did you have to consider, when mounting the electrical wires?
13. How do you adjust the speed (velocity) of the piston rods?
14. How do you adjust the end position cushion?
15. How did you adjust the proximity switches?
16. How is the vacuum at the suction nozzle produced?
17. What possibilities do you have to find electrical failures?
18. How can you see that the relay is activated?
19. Start the system in the single mode. Does the handling unit work according to the work order?
20. Start the system in the continuous mode. Does the handling unit work according to the work order?
21. After the current gets lost, how the system gets in its initial position?
22. What is the function of the valve 3V1?
23. Explain the function of emergency stop?
24. What happens in the case of loss of air/ What happens if the pressure sensor gives a signal?
25. What happens if time relay (K12) becomes defect?
26. How is the speed of extension adjusted?
27. How is the device driven in the initial position?
28. How can the power of a cylinder be adjusted?
29. Comment the Emergency-Stop function!
30. What happens if the manometric switch shows “Druck n.i.O.” during operation?
31. What happens if the specified-time relays K12 is not working?
32. How become the end positions of the piston rods sampled?
33. How can I see that the sensor (end position of a cylinder) is activated?
34. Cylinder 1A1 is not extending -> how do I start debugging? -> which causation can it have?
- 132 -
answered
1. Explain the general task of the handling module.
asked
Tick off asked questions and if answered satisfactorily
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Certificate
Module EP
Ms/Mr first
name last name
born dd.mm.yyyy
has successfully taken part in
90 hours of Electro-Pneumatics training
at
Städtische Berufsschule für Fertigungstechnik München
(BSFT)
and
Bayerische Motorenwerke AG (BMW),
from 16th of January 2012 to 3rd of February 2012.
She/He has done 30 hours of training at BSFT, there she/he has planned, simulated and
carried out automation technology with electro-pneumatics.
During the 60 hours of training at BMW she/he carried out work orders including a training
on the job phase.
She/He has passed the paper and pencil test and the skills demonstration successfully. All
communication during the training and the team work was in English language.
Herewith we certify that
7.2 He/She can master the selection of hardware, software and industrial components for
mechatronic systems (sensors, actuators, valves, relays, interfaces, communication procedures).
He/she can provide and test simple software control programs (SPS) and develop and design simple
control programms according to production process requirements (adaption of Competence level
description 7.2 according to VQTS model)
These Learning Outcomes are associated to EQF Level 4.
Munich, 3rd of February 2012
_____________________
_____________________
Helmut Kroneder
Friedrich Dreßl
BMW Group
Apprentice and Associate Training Munich
Head of Vehicle Technology, Mechatronics
Städtische Berufsschule für Fertigungstechnik
Headmaster
- 133 -
BSFT
Berufsschule für
Fertigungstechnik
Module ElectroPneumatics
Imprint
This module was developed
at
Städtische Berufsschule für Fertigungstechnik (BSFT) München
Deroystr. 1
80335 München
Germany
www.ft-deroy.musin.de
phone.: +49 89 233 355 98
from
Manfred Schauhuber
Andreas Fischer
Philipp Schott
Matthias Stiglmeier
contact:
Manfred.schauhuber@bsz-deroy.muenchen.musin.de
philipp.schott@mytum.de
- 134 -
Download PDF