Vaisala | HUMICAP HMT330 SERIES | User`s guide | Vaisala HUMICAP HMT330 SERIES User`s guide

USER'S GUIDE
®
Vaisala HUMICAP Humidity and
Temperature Transmitter Series
HMT330
M210566EN-H
PUBLISHED BY
Vaisala Oyj
P.O. Box 26
FI-00421 Helsinki
Finland
Phone (int.): +358 9 8949 1
Fax:
+358 9 8949 2227
Visit our Internet pages at http://www.vaisala.com/
© Vaisala 2009
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical (including photocopying), nor may its contents be communicated to a third
party without prior written permission of the copyright holder.
The contents are subject to change without prior notice.
Please observe that this manual does not create any legally binding obligations for
Vaisala towards the customer or end user. All legally binding commitments and
agreements are included exclusively in the applicable supply contract or Conditions of
Sale.
________________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION.......................................................................... 13
About This Manual ................................................................. 13
Contents of This Manual ..................................................... 13
Version Information ............................................................. 14
General Safety Considerations ........................................... 14
Feedback............................................................................. 15
Product Related Safety Precautions .................................... 15
ESD Protection.................................................................... 15
Recycling ................................................................................ 16
Regulatory Compliances ....................................................... 16
DNV Type Approval ....................................................... 16
Transmitters with LAN or WLAN Interface..................... 17
Transmitters with WLAN Interface ................................. 17
Patent Notice .......................................................................... 18
Trademarks ............................................................................. 18
License Agreement ................................................................ 18
Warranty.................................................................................. 18
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW................................................................................ 19
Introduction to HMT330 ......................................................... 19
Basic Features and Options................................................ 20
Structure of the Transmitter ................................................ 21
Probe Options ..................................................................... 23
Warmed Probe HMT337 ..................................................... 25
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION............................................................................................ 27
Mounting the Housing ........................................................... 27
Standard Mounting without Mounting Plate ........................ 27
Wall Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit................................. 28
Mounting with DIN Rail Installation Kit ................................ 30
Pole Installation with Installation Kit for Pole or Pipeline .... 30
Mounting Rain Shield with Installation Kit ........................... 32
Panel Mounting Frame........................................................ 33
Wiring ...................................................................................... 34
Cable Bushings ................................................................... 34
Grounding the Cables ......................................................... 35
Grounding the Transmitter Housing.................................... 36
Signal and Power Supply Wiring......................................... 37
Connections to a 24 VAC Power Supply ............................ 38
Probe Mounting ...................................................................... 40
General Instructions for Probes with a Cable ..................... 41
HMT333 for Ducts and Tight Spaces.................................. 43
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 3
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
HMT334 for High Pressure and Vacuum Applications........43
HMT335 for High Temperatures..........................................45
HMT337 for High Humidity Applications..............................46
Temperature Probe (Optional) ............................................46
HMT338 for Pressurized Pipelines......................................46
Tightening the Clasp Nut.....................................................48
Optional Modules ...................................................................49
Power Supply Module .........................................................49
Installation ......................................................................50
Warnings ........................................................................50
Galvanic Isolation for Output ...............................................53
Third Analog Output ............................................................53
Installation and Wiring ....................................................54
Relays..................................................................................55
Installation and Wiring ....................................................55
Selecting the Activation State of the Relay ....................55
RS-422/485 Interface ..........................................................57
Installation and Wiring ....................................................57
LAN Interface.......................................................................59
WLAN Interface ...................................................................60
Attaching the WLAN Antenna ........................................61
Data Logger Module............................................................62
8-Pin Connector...................................................................64
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION.................................................................................................65
Getting Started........................................................................65
Display/Keypad (Optional).....................................................65
Basic Display .......................................................................65
Graphic History....................................................................66
Menus and Navigation.........................................................68
Changing the Language .................................................69
Rounding Setting............................................................69
Display Backlight Setting................................................69
Display Contrast Setting.................................................70
Keypad Lock (Key guard)...............................................70
Menu PIN Lock...............................................................70
Factory Settings .............................................................71
Display Alarms.....................................................................71
Configuring a Display Alarm...........................................72
MI70 Link Program for Data Handling ..................................73
Serial Line Communication ...................................................73
User Port Connection ..........................................................74
Service Port Connection......................................................75
Connection Cables .........................................................75
Installing the Driver for the USB Cable ..........................75
Using the Service Port....................................................76
LAN Communication ..............................................................77
IP Configuration...................................................................77
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................78
Using Serial Line ............................................................79
Wireless LAN Configuration ................................................80
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................80
Using Serial Line ............................................................82
Telnet Settings.....................................................................83
Web Configuration for LAN and WLAN ...............................83
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Terminal Program Settings ................................................. 84
Opening a Serial/USB connection ................................. 84
Opening a Telnet session (LAN/WLAN) ........................ 85
List of Serial Commands ....................................................... 87
Getting Measurement Message from Serial Line................ 89
Starting Continuous Outputting...................................... 89
R................................................................................ 89
Stopping Continuous Outputting .................................... 90
S................................................................................ 90
Outputting Reading Once .............................................. 90
SEND ........................................................................ 90
SEND D .................................................................... 90
Formatting Serial Line Message ......................................... 91
FTIME and FDATE......................................................... 91
FST ................................................................................ 91
General Settings..................................................................... 92
Changing Quantities and Units ........................................... 92
Using Display/Keypad.................................................... 92
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 93
FORM........................................................................ 93
UNIT.......................................................................... 95
Pressure Compensation Setting ......................................... 95
Using Display/Keypad.................................................... 95
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 96
PRES and XPRES .................................................... 96
Date and Time..................................................................... 97
Using Display/Keypad.................................................... 97
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 97
User Port Serial Settings..................................................... 98
Using Display/Keypad.................................................... 98
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 99
SERI............................................................................... 99
SMODE .......................................................................... 99
INTV ............................................................................. 100
ECHO........................................................................... 100
Data Filtering ..................................................................... 101
FILT.............................................................................. 101
Device Information ............................................................ 101
? ................................................................................... 102
HELP............................................................................ 103
ERRS ........................................................................... 103
VERS ........................................................................... 103
Resetting Transmitter Using Serial Line ........................... 103
RESET ......................................................................... 103
Locking Menu/Keypad by Using Serial Line ..................... 104
LOCK ........................................................................... 104
Data Recording..................................................................... 104
Selecting Data Recording Quantities ................................ 105
DSEL............................................................................ 105
View Recorded Data ......................................................... 105
DIR ............................................................................... 105
PLAY ............................................................................ 107
Deleting the Recorded Files.............................................. 108
UNDELETE .................................................................. 108
Analog Output Settings ....................................................... 108
Changing Output Mode and Range .................................. 108
Analog Output Quantities .................................................. 110
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 5
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
AMODE/ASEL ..............................................................111
Analog Output Tests..........................................................112
ITEST ...........................................................................112
Analog Output Fault Indication Setting..............................113
AERR............................................................................113
Operation of Relays..............................................................114
Quantity for Relay Output..................................................114
Measurement-Based Relay Output Modes .......................114
Relay Setpoints ............................................................114
Hysteresis.....................................................................115
Relay Indicating Transmitter Error Status .........................115
Enabling/Disabling Relays.................................................116
Setting Relay Outputs .......................................................117
RSEL ............................................................................118
Testing Operation of Relays..............................................119
RTEST..........................................................................119
Operation of the RS-485 Module .........................................120
Networking Commands .....................................................120
SDELAY .......................................................................120
SERI .............................................................................121
ECHO ...........................................................................121
SMODE ........................................................................121
INTV .............................................................................122
ADDR ...........................................................................122
SEND............................................................................123
OPEN ...........................................................................123
CLOSE .........................................................................123
Sensor Functions .................................................................124
Chemical Purge (Optional) ................................................124
Automatic Chemical Purge (Interval Purge).................125
Manual Chemical Purge ...............................................125
Chemical Purge in Power Up .......................................125
Starting and Configuring Chemical Purge.........................126
Using Buttons on Motherboard ....................................126
Using Display/Keypad (Optional) .................................126
Using Serial Line ..........................................................127
PURGE....................................................................127
PUR.........................................................................127
Sensor Heating..................................................................128
Setting Humidity Sensor Heating .................................128
XHEAT ....................................................................128
CHAPTER 5
MAINTENANCE..........................................................................................131
Periodic Maintenance...........................................................131
Cleaning ............................................................................131
Changing the Probe Filter .................................................131
Changing the Sensor ...........................................................132
Error States .......................................................................133
Technical Support ................................................................135
Return Instructions ..............................................................135
Vaisala Service Centers .......................................................136
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CHAPTER 6
CALIBRATION AND ADJUSTMENT......................................................... 137
Opening and Closing the Adjustment Mode ..................... 137
Relative Humidity Adjustment ............................................ 139
Using Push-Buttons .......................................................... 139
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................... 140
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 141
CRH ............................................................................. 141
Relative Humidity Adjustment after Sensor Change........ 142
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................... 142
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 142
FCRH ........................................................................... 142
Temperature Adjustment..................................................... 143
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................... 143
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 143
Analog Output Adjustment.................................................. 145
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................... 145
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 145
ACAL............................................................................ 145
Feeding Adjustment Information........................................ 146
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................... 146
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 146
CTEXT ......................................................................... 146
CDATE ......................................................................... 146
CHAPTER 7
TECHNICAL DATA .................................................................................... 147
Specifications ....................................................................... 147
Performance...................................................................... 147
Relative Humidity ......................................................... 147
Temperature (+ Operating Pressure Ranges) ............. 148
Optional Temperature Probe ....................................... 148
Calculated Variables .................................................... 149
Accuracies of Calculated Variables .................................. 149
Accuracy of Dewpoint Temperature °C ....................... 149
Accuracy of Mixing Ratio g/kg (Ambient Pressure
1013 mbar)................................................................... 149
Accuracy of Wet Bulb Temperature °C........................ 150
Accuracy of Absolute Humidity g/m³ ............................ 150
Dewpoint Temperature (HMT337 Warmed Probe Option)151
Operating Environment ..................................................... 151
Inputs and Outputs............................................................ 152
Mechanics ......................................................................... 152
Transmitter Weight....................................................... 153
Technical Specifications of Optional Modules .................. 153
Power Supply Module .................................................. 153
Analog Output Module ................................................. 153
Relay Module ............................................................... 154
RS-485 Module ............................................................ 154
LAN Interface Module .................................................. 154
WLAN Interface Module............................................... 154
Data Logger Module .................................................... 155
Options and Accessories .................................................... 155
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 7
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Dimensions (mm/inch) .........................................................157
HMT331.............................................................................159
HMT333.............................................................................160
HMT334.............................................................................160
HMT335.............................................................................161
HMT337.............................................................................161
HMT338.............................................................................162
Temperature Probe ...........................................................162
APPENDIX A
PROBE INSTALLATION KITS AND INSTALLATION EXAMPLES .........163
Duct Installation Kits (for HMT333/337/335).......................163
Duct Installation Kit for Temperature Probe
(for HMT337)..........................................................................164
Pressure Tight Swagelok Installation Kits (for HMT337)..165
RH Probe Installation.........................................................165
Temperature Probe Installation .........................................165
Examples of Vapor Tight Installations with Cable Gland.166
RH-Probe Installations (for HMT333/337).........................166
T- Probe Installations (HMT337) .......................................167
Example of Climate Chamber Installation .........................168
Example of Installation Through Roof ...............................169
Ball Valve Installation Kit for HMT338 ................................170
Meteorological Installation Kit (for HMT337) .....................172
APPENDIX B
CALCULATION FORMULAS.....................................................................173
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List of Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Figure 15
Figure 16
Figure 17
Figure 18
Figure 19
Figure 20
Figure 21
Figure 22
Figure 23
Figure 24
Figure 25
Figure 26
Figure 27
Figure 28
Figure 29
Figure 30
Figure 31
Figure 32
Figure 33
Figure 34
Figure 35
Figure 36
Figure 37
Figure 38
Figure 39
Figure 40
Figure 41
Figure 42
Figure 43
Figure 44
Figure 45
Figure 46
Figure 47
Figure 48
Figure 49
Figure 50
Figure 51
Figure 52
Figure 53
Transmitter Body ...................................................................... 21
Inside the Transmitter............................................................... 22
HMT331 Fixed Probe ............................................................... 23
HMT331 Short Cable Probe ..................................................... 23
Probe Options .......................................................................... 24
Standard Mounting ................................................................... 27
Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit .............................................. 28
Dimensions of the Plastic Mounting Plate (mm/inch)............... 28
Dimensions of the Probe Holder Plate (mm/inch).................... 29
Mounting with the DIN Rail Installation Kit ............................... 30
Vertical Pole ............................................................................. 30
Horizontal Pole ......................................................................... 31
Mounting with Metal Wall Mounting Plate ................................ 31
Dimensions of the Metal Mounting Plate (mm/inch) ................ 32
Mounting the Rain Shield with the Installation Kit .................... 32
Panel Mounting Frame ............................................................. 33
Panel Mounting Dimensions (mm/inch) ................................... 34
Cable Bushings ........................................................................ 34
Grounding the Screen of Electrical Cable ................................ 35
Screw Terminal Block on Motherboard .................................... 37
Connections to 24 VAC Power Supply..................................... 39
Measurement Error at 100 %RH.............................................. 40
Horizontal Mounting of Probe................................................... 41
Vertical Mounting of Probe ....................................................... 42
HMT344 Probe ......................................................................... 44
Tightening the Nut .................................................................... 44
Cleaning of Tightening Cone.................................................... 45
HMT338 Probe ......................................................................... 47
Sealing of Fitting Body into Process ........................................ 47
Tightening the Clasp Nut.......................................................... 48
Power Supply Module .............................................................. 49
Galvanic Output Isolation Module ............................................ 53
Third Analog Output ................................................................. 53
Third analog output selection ................................................... 54
Relay Module ........................................................................... 56
RS-485 Module ........................................................................ 57
4-Wire RS-485 Bus .................................................................. 58
LAN Interface Module............................................................... 60
WLAN Interface Module ........................................................... 61
Data Logger Module................................................................. 63
Wiring of Optional 8-Pin Connector.......................................... 64
Basic Display............................................................................ 66
Graphical Display ..................................................................... 66
Graphical Display with Data Logger......................................... 67
Main Menus.............................................................................. 68
Display Alarm Active ................................................................ 71
Display Alarms ......................................................................... 72
Modifying an Alarm Limit .......................................................... 72
Service Port Connector and User Port Terminal on Mother
Board ........................................................................................ 74
Connection Example Between PC Serial Port and User Port.. 74
Network Interface Menu ........................................................... 78
IP Configuration Menu.............................................................. 78
Wireless LAN Settings.............................................................. 81
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 9
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Figure 54
Figure 55
Figure 56
Figure 57
Figure 58
Figure 59
Figure 60
Figure 61
Figure 62
Figure 63
Figure 64
Figure 65
Figure 66
Figure 67
Figure 68
Figure 69
Figure 70
Figure 71
Figure 72
Figure 73
Figure 74
Figure 75
Figure 76
Figure 77
Figure 78
Figure 79
Figure 80
Figure 81
Figure 82
Figure 83
Figure 84
Figure 85
Figure 86
Figure 87
Figure 88
Figure 89
Figure 90
Figure 91
Figure 92
Figure 93
Figure 94
Figure 95
Figure 96
Entering Network SSID.............................................................81
Selecting the Wireless Network Type.......................................81
Web Configuration Interface for WLAN ....................................84
Opening a Serial Connection....................................................85
Opening a Telnet Connection...................................................86
Device Information on Display...............................................102
Current/Voltage Switches of Output Modules ........................109
Measurement-Based Relay Output Modes ............................114
FAULT/ONLINE STATUS Relay Output Modes.....................116
Relay Indicators on Display ....................................................117
Decrease of Sensor Gain .......................................................124
Purge Buttons on Motherboard ..............................................126
Chemical Purge Settings ........................................................126
Performing Chemical Purge ...................................................127
Changing the Sensor..............................................................132
Error Indicator and Error Message .........................................133
Adjustment and Purge Buttons...............................................138
Adjustment Menu....................................................................138
Selecting Point 1 Reference Type ..........................................140
Accuracy over Temperature Range........................................148
Accuracy in Dewpoint Measurement......................................151
Transmitter Body Dimensions ................................................157
WLAN Antenna Dimensions ...................................................158
HMT331 Fixed Probe Dimensions..........................................159
HMT331 Short Cable Probe Dimensions ...............................159
HMT333 Probe Dimensions ...................................................160
HMT334 Probe Dimensions ...................................................160
HMT335 Probe Dimensions ...................................................161
HMT337 Probe Dimensions ...................................................161
HMT338 Probe Dimensions ...................................................162
Optional Temperature Probe Dimensions ..............................162
Duct Mounting Installation Kit .................................................163
Duct Mounting Installation Kit for T-Probe..............................164
Swagelok Installation Kit for RH-probe...................................165
Swagelok Installation Kit for T-Probe .....................................165
Cable Installation with Cable Gland .......................................166
Probe Installation with Cable Gland .......................................166
Vapor Tight Installation...........................................................167
Wall Mounting Installation.......................................................167
Climate Chamber Installation (not Available from Vaisala) ....168
Example of Installation through Roof .....................................169
Installing the HMT338 Probe Through a Ball Valve
Assembly ................................................................................170
Meteorological Installation Kit for Outdoor Installation ...........172
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List of Tables
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13
Table 14
Table 15
Table 16
Table 17
Table 18
Table 19
Table 20
Table 21
Table 22
Table 23
Table 24
Table 25
Table 26
Table 27
Table 28
Table 29
Table 30
Table 31
Table 32
Manual Revisions ..................................................................... 14
Application, Location Classes .................................................. 16
Quantities Measured by HMT330 ............................................ 19
Optional Quantities Measured by HMT330 .............................. 19
HMT338 Probe Dimensions ..................................................... 47
Connecting the Twisted Pair Wires to the Screw Terminals .... 58
4-Wire (Switch 3: On) ............................................................... 59
2-Wire (Switch 3: Off) ............................................................... 59
Observartion Periods and Resolution ...................................... 62
Wiring of 8-Pin Connector ........................................................ 64
Periods for Trend and Max/Min Calculations ........................... 67
Graph Information Messages in Cursor Mode ......................... 68
Default Serial Communication Settings for the User Port ........ 74
Communication Settings for the Service Port .......................... 76
IP Settings for the LAN and WLAN Interfaces ......................... 77
Wireless LAN Settings.............................................................. 80
Measurement Commands ........................................................ 87
Formatting Commands............................................................. 87
Data Recording Commands ..................................................... 88
Chemical Purge Commands .................................................... 88
Calibration and Adjustment Commands................................... 88
Setting and Testing the Analog Outputs .................................. 88
Setting and Testing the Relays ................................................ 88
Other Commands ..................................................................... 89
FORM Command Modifiers...................................................... 94
Multiplication Factors................................................................ 96
Selection of Output Modes ..................................................... 100
Filtering Levels ....................................................................... 101
Error Messages ...................................................................... 134
Indicator Led Functions .......................................................... 138
Calculated Variables (Typical Ranges) .................................. 149
Transmitter Weight (in kg/lb) .................................................. 153
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 11
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
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12 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
This chapter provides general notes for the manual and the product.
About This Manual
This manual provides information for installing, operating, and
maintaining Vaisala HUMICAP® Humidity and Temperature Transmitter
Series HMT330.
Contents of This Manual
This manual consists of the following chapters:
- Chapter 1, General Information, provides general notes for the manual
and the product.
- Chapter 2, Product Overview, introduces the features, advantages, and
the product nomenclature of HMT330.
- Chapter 3, Installation, provides you with information that is intended
to help you install the product.
- Chapter 4, Operation, contains information that is needed to operate
this product.
- Chapter 5, Maintenance, contains information that is needed in basic
maintenance of the product.
- Chapter 6, Calibration and Adjustment, provides information and
instructions concerning calibration and adjustment of HMT330.
- Chapter 7, Technical Data, provides the technical data of the product.
- Appendix A, Probe Installation Kits and Installation Examples,
presents the installation kits available for HMT330 and provides some
installation examples.
- Appendix B, Calculation Formulas, presents the equations used in
HMT330 to calculate values of dewpoint, mixing ratio, absolute
humidity and enthalpy in normal pressure.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 13
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Version Information
Table 1
Manual Code
M210566EN-A
M210566EN-B
M210566EN-C
M210566EN-D
M210566EN-E
M210566EN-F
M210566EN-G
M210566EN-H
Manual Revisions
Description
September 2004 - First release.
November 2004
September 2005
November 2006
June 2007 - New options added: Data logger
module, USB-RJ45 cable, new sensors HUMICAP®
180R and HUMICAP® 180RC. Support for Chinese
language.
May 2008 – New options added: LAN Interface,
WLAN Interface. Display Alarm feature added.
June 2009 – Added PuTTY terminal application
instructions, revised description of the MI70 Link
software. Removed instructions for HyperTerminal.
Removed Humicap 180L2 sensor option.
November 2009 - This manual. Added HMT331
short cable probe. Added DNV type approval in the
Regulatory Compliances section.
General Safety Considerations
Throughout the manual, important safety considerations are highlighted
as follows:
WARNING
Warning alerts you to a serious hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions very carefully at this point, there is a risk of injury or even
death.
CAUTION
Caution warns you of a potential hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions carefully at this point, the product could be damaged or
important data could be lost.
NOTE
Note highlights important information on using the product.
14 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
Feedback
Vaisala Customer Documentation Team welcomes your comments and
suggestions on the quality and usefulness of this publication. If you find
errors or have other suggestions for improvement, please indicate the
chapter, section, and page number. You can send comments to us by
e-mail: manuals@vaisala.com
Product Related Safety Precautions
The Vaisala HUMICAP® Humidity and Temperature Transmitter Series
HMT330 delivered to you has been tested for safety and approved as
shipped from the factory. Note the following precautions:
WARNING
Ground the product, and verify outdoor installation grounding
periodically to minimize shock hazard.
CAUTION
Do not modify the unit. Improper modification can damage the product,
lead to malfunction, or make the product noncompliant with applicable
legislation.
ESD Protection
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can cause immediate or latent damage to
electronic circuits. Vaisala products are adequately protected against
ESD for their intended use. However, it is possible to damage the product
by delivering electrostatic discharges when touching, removing, or
inserting any objects inside the equipment housing.
To make sure you are not delivering high static voltages yourself:
- Handle ESD sensitive components on a properly grounded and
protected ESD workbench. When this is not possible, ground yourself
to the equipment chassis before touching the boards. Ground yourself
with a wrist strap and a resistive connection cord. When neither of the
above is possible, touch a conductive part of the equipment chassis
with your other hand before touching the boards.
- Always hold the boards by the edges and avoid touching the
component contacts.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 15
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Recycling
Recycle all applicable material.
Dispose of batteries and the unit according to statutory regulations. Do
not dispose of with regular household refuse.
Regulatory Compliances
DNV Type Approval
The Vaisala HUMICAP® Humidity and Temperature Transmitter Series
HMT330 is found to comply with Det Norske Veritas' Rules for
Classification of Ships, High Speed & Light Craft and Det Norske
Veritas' Offshore standards.
Applicable tests carried out according to Standard for Certification
No. 2.4, April 2006.
Table 2
Application, Location Classes
Type
Temperature
Humidity
Vibration
EMC
Enclosure
HMT330
B
B
A
B
B/IP65
TYPE APPROVED PRODUCT
CERTIFICATE NO.: A-11440
16 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
Transmitters with LAN or WLAN Interface
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that
may cause undesired operation of the device.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Transmitters with WLAN Interface
This equipment has been designed to operate with a 2 dBi half-wave
antenna. Antennas with a gain greater than 2 dB are strictly prohibited for
use with this device. The required antenna impedance is 50 ohms.
To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and
its gain should be so chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated
power (e.i.r.p.) is not more than that permitted for successful
communication.
This Class [B] digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe [B] est conforme à la norme
NMB-003 du Canada.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 17
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Patent Notice
The Vaisala HUMICAP® Humidity and Temperature Transmitter Series
HMT330 is protected by, for example, the following patents and their
corresponding national rights:
Finnish patents 98861 and 99164, French patents 6650303 and 9504397,
German patents 69418174 and 19513274, Japanese patents 3585973 and
2801156, UK patents 0665303 and 2288465, U.S. patent 5607564.
Trademarks
HUMICAP® is a registered trademark of Vaisala Oyj.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the
United States and/or other countries.
License Agreement
All rights to any software are held by Vaisala or third parties. The
customer is allowed to use the software only to the extent that is provided
by the applicable supply contract or Software License Agreement.
Warranty
For certain products Vaisala normally gives a limited one-year warranty.
Please observe that any such warranty may not be valid in case of
damage due to normal wear and tear, exceptional operating conditions,
negligent handling or installation, or unauthorized modifications. Please
see the applicable supply contract or Conditions of Sale for details of the
warranty for each product.
18 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
This chapter introduces the features, advantages, and the product
nomenclature of the Vaisala HUMICAP® Humidity and Temperature
Transmitter Series HMT330.
Introduction to HMT330
The HMT330 transmitter provides reliable humidity measurement in a
wide range of applications. Analog outputs can be chosen between
current and voltage signals. Alternatively, digital outputs RS-232
(standard) or RS-422/485 (optional) can be selected.
The quantities measured and calculated by HMT330 are presented in
Table 3 below. The quantities available as an option are presented in
Table 4 below.
Table 3
Quantities Measured by HMT330
Quantity
Relative humidity (RH)
Temperature (T)
Table 4
Abbreviati
on
RH
T
Metric Unit Non Metric
Unit
%RH
%RH
ºC
ºF
Optional Quantities Measured by HMT330
Quantity
Dewpoint / Frostpoint
Temperature (Td/f)
Dewpoint Temperature (Td)
Absolute humidity (a)
Mixing ratio (x)
Wetbulb temperature (Tw)
Humid air volume/ dry air
volume
(by volume or by weight) (H2O)
Water vapor pressure (Pw)
Water vapor saturation
pressure (Pws)
Enthalpy (h)
Difference of T and Td/f (∆T)
Abbreviati
on
TDF
Metric Unit Non Metric
Unit
ºC
ºF
TD
A
X
TW
H2O
ºC
g/m3
g/kg
ºC
ppmv/ppmw
ºF
gr/ft3
gr/lb
ºF
ppmv/ppmw
PW
PWS
hPa
hPa
lb/in2
lb/in2
H
DT
kJ/kg
ºC
Btu/lb
ºF
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 19
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Basic Features and Options
-
Several probes for various applications
User friendly display
Calculated output quantities available
Different probe mounting kits, sensor protection options and probe
cable lengths
Transmitter mounting kits for multiple installation purposes
Chemical purge for applications where interfering chemicals in the
measuring environment pose a risk
Warmed probe and sensor heating for high humidity conditions
(HMT337)
Additional temperature sensor (HMT337)
USB connectivity for service connections via the optional
USB-RJ45 cable
Optional modules:
- isolated power supply
- power supply module
- RS-422/485-module
- LAN and WLAN interfaces
- data logger module with real time clock
- additional analog output module
- relay module
20 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Structure of the Transmitter
0604-005
Figure 1
Transmitter Body
The numbers refer to Figure 1:
1
2
=
=
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
Signal + powering cable gland
Cable gland for optional module, or WLAN antenna
connector
Cable gland for optional module
Cover screw (4 pcs)
Display with keypad (optional)
Cover LED
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 21
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0508-010
Figure 2
Inside the Transmitter
The following numbers refer to Figure 2:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Service port (RS-232)
DIP switches for analog output settings
Power supply and signal wiring screw terminals
Relay, data logger, RS-422/485, LAN, or WLAN module
(optional)
Grounding connector
Power supply module (optional)
Relay, data logger, or analog output module (optional)
Humidity probe cable
Temperature probe cable (optional)
Output isolation module (optional)
Adjustment buttons (chemical purge buttons) with indicator
LED
22 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Probe Options
The HMT331 is intended for demanding wall-mounted applications. The
standard version has a fixed probe.
0911-058
Figure 3
HMT331 Fixed Probe
The HMT331 short cable probe is a special version for use with the
WLAN module. It has the HMT333 probe on a short cable (21 cm),
and a mounting plate with a probe holder.
0911-059
Figure 4
HMT331 Short Cable Probe
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 23
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0911-066
Figure 5
Probe Options
The following numbers refer to Figure 5:
1
2
=
=
3
=
4
=
5
=
HMT333 for ducts and tight spaces
HMT334 for high pressure and vacuum applications
(up to 100 bars)
HMT335 for high temperatures (up to 180 ºC, vapor tight)
*) Flange available as an option
HMT337 for high humidity applications (optional warmed
and vapor tight probe)
HMT338 for pressurized pipelines (up to 40 bar)
Probe cable lengths are 2 m, 5 m and 10 m.
24 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Warmed Probe HMT337
Temperature difference between the probe and external environment can
cause a risk of condensation on the sensor. A wet probe cannot observe
the actual humidity in the ambient air. If the condensed water is
contaminated, the life span of the probe may shorten and calibration may
change.
HMT337 probe shall be used in applications where condensation can
occur due to high humidity and rapid humidity changes. The warmed
probe is heated continuously so that its temperature is always higher than
in environment. This prevents condensation on the probe. The power
consumption of the warmed probe is slightly higher than other probes.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 25
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
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26 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION
This chapter provides you with information that is intended to help you
install the product.
Mounting the Housing
The housing can be mounted either without the mounting plate or with
optional mounting plates.
Standard Mounting without Mounting
Plate
Mount the housing by attaching the transmitter to a wall with 4 screws,
for example M6 (not provided).
0804-066
Figure 6
Standard Mounting
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 27
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Wall Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit
When mounting with wall mounting kit the mounting plate (Vaisala
order code 214829) can be installed directly on wall or onto a standard
wall box (also US junction box). When wiring through back wall, remove
the plastic plug from the wiring hole in the transmitter before mounting.
0503-004
Figure 7
Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit
The following numbers refer to Figure 7:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
5
=
Plastic mounting plate
Mount the plate to wall with 4 screws M6 (not provided)
The arched side up
Attach the HMT330 to the mounting plate with 4 fixing
screws M3 (provided)
Holes for wall/junction box mounting
0804-065
Figure 8
Dimensions of the Plastic Mounting Plate (mm/inch)
28 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
The HMT331 short cable probe is designed to be wall mounted with the
probe holder plate (Vaisala order code 226252). The probe holder plate is
similar to the standard mounting plate, except for the probe holder at the
bottom.
0911-061
Figure 9
Dimensions of the Probe Holder Plate (mm/inch)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 29
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Mounting with DIN Rail Installation Kit
DIN rail installation kit includes a wall mounting kit, 2 clip-fasteners and
2 screws M4 × 10 DIN 7985 (Vaisala order code: 215094).
1.
Attach two spring holders to the plastic mounting plate by using the
screws provided in the installation kit.
Attach the HMT330 to the plastic mounting plate with the
4 screws provided for that purpose.
Press the transmitter onto the DIN rail so that the clip-fasteners
snap into the rail.
2.
3.
0503-002
Figure 10
Mounting with the DIN Rail Installation Kit
Pole Installation with Installation Kit for
Pole or Pipeline
Installation kit for pole or pipeline (Vaisala order code: 215108) includes
the metal mounting plate and 4 mounting nuts for pole mounting. When
mounting, the arrow in the metal mounting plate must point upwards; see
Figure 13 on page 31 below.
0503-006
Figure 11
Vertical Pole
The following numbers refer to Figure 11:
1
2
=
=
Fixing brackets (2 pcs) M8 (provided) for 30 ... 102 mm poles.
Mounting nuts M8 (4 pcs)
30 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
0503-007
Figure 12
Horizontal Pole
The following number refers to Figure 12:
1
=
Mounting nuts M8 (4 pcs)
Metal mounting plate is included in rain shield with installation kit and
installation kit for pole or pipeline.
0503-041
Figure 13
Mounting with Metal Wall Mounting Plate
The following numbers refer to Figure 13:
1
2
=
=
3
=
Mount the plate to wall with 4 screws M8 (not provided)
Attach the HMT330 to the mounting plate with 4 fixing
screws M6 (provided)
Note the position of the arrow when mounting. This side
must be up when mounting.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 31
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0509-151
Figure 14
Dimensions of the Metal Mounting Plate (mm/inch)
Mounting Rain Shield with Installation Kit
0503-008
Figure 15
Mounting the Rain Shield with the Installation Kit
The following numbers refer to Figure 15:
1
2
3
= Assemble the rain shield with the installation kit (Vaisala order
code: 215109) to the metal mounting plate with 2 (M6) mounting
screws (provided).
= Assemble the mounting plate with rain shield with installation kit
to the wall or to the pole (see pole installation).
= Assemble the HMT330 to the mounting plate with 4 fixing
screws (provided).
32 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Panel Mounting Frame
To enable a neat and dirt free embedded installation of the transmitter, a
panel mounting frame is available as an option (Vaisala order code:
216038). The frame is a thin, flexible plastic frame for the transmitter,
with adhesive tape on one side.
The frame is used to hide any rough edges of the installation hole, and
provide a more finished look. Note that the panel mounting frame is not
intended to bear the weight of the transmitter, and does not include any
mounting supports.
Use the panel mounting frame as follows:
1.
Use the frame as a template to mark the required size for the
installation hole in the panel.
Cut the hole in the panel.
Mount the transmitter through the panel with suitable supports.
Remove the paper protecting the adhesive tape on the frame, and
attach the frame around the transmitter. Refer to Figure 16 below.
2.
3.
4.
0704-002
Figure 16
Panel Mounting Frame
The following numbers refer to Figure 16:
1
2
=
=
Panel (not included)
Panel mounting frame
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 33
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0804-083
Figure 17
Panel Mounting Dimensions (mm/inch)
Wiring
Cable Bushings
A single electrical cable with screen and three to ten wires is
recommended for power and analog/serial connections. The cable
diameter should be 8 ... 11 mm. The number of cable bushings depends
on the transmitter options. See the following recommendations for the
cable bushings:
0503-010
Figure 18
Cable Bushings
The following numbers refer to Figure 18:
1
2
3
= Cable for signal/powering Ø8 ... 11 mm
= Cable for optional module Ø8 ... 11 mm
= Cable for optional power supply module Ø8 ... 11 mm
34 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
NOTE
When there is high electric noise level (for example, near a powerful
electric motor) in the operating environment it is recommended to use
shielded cable or take care that the signal cables are separated from other
cables.
Grounding the Cables
Ground the screen of the electrical cable properly to achieve the best
possible EMC performance.
0504-049
Figure 19
Grounding the Screen of Electrical Cable
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 35
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Cut back outer sheath to desired length.
Cut back screen braiding or screen foil to dimension X
(see figure 3).
Push the domed cap nut (item 1) and the seal insert with contact
socket of the gland (item 2+3) onto the cable as shown in the
diagram.
Bend over the screen braiding or screen foil by about 90º
(item 4).
Push the seal insert with the contact socket of the gland
(item 2+3) up to the screen braiding or screen foil.
Mount lower part (item 5) on the housing.
Push the seal with the contact socket of the gland and (item 2+3)
flush into the lower part (item 5).
Attach the domed cap nut (item 1) onto the lower part (item 5).
Grounding the Transmitter Housing
In case you need to ground the transmitter housing, the grounding
connector is found inside the housing, see Figure 2 on page 22. Note that
the probe is connected to the same potential as the housing. Make sure
that different groundings are made to the same potential. Otherwise
harmful ground currents may be generated.
If it is needed to have galvanic isolation of the power supply line from
the output signals, the HMT330 can be ordered with an optional output
isolation module. This module prevents harmful grounding loops.
36 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Signal and Power Supply Wiring
When connecting the transmitter with 8-pin connector, see section
8-Pin Connector on page 64. When wiring the power supply module, see
section Power Supply Module on page 49.
0506-028
Figure 20
Screw Terminal Block on Motherboard
The following numbers refer to Figure 20:
1
2
3
WARNING
=
=
=
Power supply terminals 10 ... 35 VDC, 24 VAC
User port (RS-232 terminals)
Analog signal terminals
Make sure that you connect only de-energized wires.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Unfasten the four cover screws and open the transmitter cover.
Insert the power supply wires and signal wires through the cable
bushing in the bottom of the transmitter; see the grounding
instructions in the previous sections.
Connect the analog output cables to terminals: Ch1 +, Ch1-, Ch2+,
Ch2-. Connect the RS-232 user port cables to terminals RxD, GND
and TxD. For more information about the RS-232 connection refer
to section Serial Line Communication on page 73.
When wiring the optional modules, see the corresponding section
for instructions:
- RS-422/485 Interface on page 57
- Relays on page 55
- Third Analog Output on page 53
- LAN Interface on page 59
- WLAN Interface on page 60
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 37
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
5.
6.
7.
Connect the power supply wires to the connectors: POWER
10 ... 35V+ 24V~ (+) and (-) terminals. If you are using 24 VAC
power supply, see the note below before connecting the supply
wires.
Turn on the power. The indicator led on the cover lit continuously
during normal operation.
Close the cover and fasten the cover screws. The transmitter is
ready for use.
Connections to a 24 VAC Power Supply
Separate floating supply for each transmitter is recommended (see the
upper part of Figure 21 on page 39). If you have to connect several
transmitters or other instruments to one AC supply, the phase (~) must
always be connected to the (+) connector of each transmitter (see the
lower part of Figure 21).
CAUTION
24 VAC POWER SUPPLY USE
To prevent fire and/or damage, if either 24 VAC wire is grounded or
connected to a "-", "0", or "GND" terminal of any other device, you
must connect the same wire on the "-" terminal also on this
instrument.
38 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
0703-041
Figure 21
Connections to 24 VAC Power Supply
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 39
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Probe Mounting
In humidity measurement and especially in calibration it is essential that
temperature of the probe and measuring environment is the same. Even a
small difference in temperature between the environment and the probe
causes an error. As the curve below shows, if the temperature is +20 °C
and the relative humidity 100 %RH, a difference of ±1 °C between the
environment and the probe causes an error of ±6 %RH.
The graph below illustrates the measurement error at 100 %RH when the
difference between the ambient and sensor temperature is 1 °C.
0507-023
Figure 22
Measurement Error at 100 %RH
40 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
General Instructions for Probes with a
Cable
Mount the probes with a cable horizontally; this way, any water
condensing on the tube cannot flow onto the sensor.
0507-024
Figure 23
Horizontal Mounting of Probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 23:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
To be sealed.
To be insulated.
Insulate the cable.
Let the cable hang loosely. This prevents condensed water
running to the probe along the cable.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 41
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
When there is no alternative but to install the probe in the process
vertically, the point of entry must be carefully insulated. The cable must
also be allowed to hang loosely as this prevents any condensed water
from running onto the probe along the cable.
0507-022
Figure 24
Vertical Mounting of Probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 24:
1
2
3
4
NOTE
=
=
=
=
To be sealed.
Insulate the cable.
To be insulated.
Let the cable hang loosely. This prevents condensed water
running to the sensor along the cable.
Please do not attach a heated probe (HMT337) to metal structures to
avoid condensation problems caused by heat conduction along the metal.
If the process temperature is much higher than that of the environment,
the whole probe and preferably plenty of cable must be inside the
process. This prevents measuring inaccuracy caused by heat conduction
along the cable.
When mounted on the side of a duct or channel, the probe must be
inserted from the side of the duct. If this is not possible and the probe
must be inserted from the top, the point of entry must be carefully
insulated.
For Vaisala probe installation kits and some installation examples, see
Appendix A on page 163.
42 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
HMT333 for Ducts and Tight Spaces
The HMT333 is a small size (ø = 12mm) general-purpose probe suitable
for ducts and channels with the installation kit available from Vaisala.
The HMT333 provides for two measuring range options. The first probe
version is equipped with a flexible cable and can be used when
measuring in environments up to 80 ºC. The second version is suitable
for measuring in environments up to 120 ºC.
See Appendix A on page 163 for the following probe installation kits for
HMT333 and installation examples.
- Duct mounting kit
- Cable gland.
HMT334 for High Pressure and Vacuum
Applications
The HMT334 probe is for the dewpoint measurements in pressurized
rooms and industrial processes. The probe is provided with a nut, a fitting
screw and a sealing washer. Keep the fitting screw and the nut in place
on the body of the probe during handling to prevent damage to the highly
polished surface of the probe. Follow the instructions below to achieve a
leak-tight assembly:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the fitting screw from the nut and the probe.
Attach the fitting screw to the chamber wall with a sealing washer.
Tighten the fitting screw into the threaded sleeve with a torque
wrench. The tightening torque is 150 ± 10 Nm (110 ± 7 ft-lbs).
Insert the body of the probe into the fitting screw and attach the nut
manually to the fitting screw so that the connection feels tight.
Mark both the fitting screw and the nut hex.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 43
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0506-029
Figure 25
HMT344 Probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 25:
1
2
3
4
5
5.
=
=
=
=
=
Tightening cone
Nut
Fitting screw, M22x1.5 or NPT 1/2"
Sealing washer
Probe; Ø12 mm.
Tighten the nut a further 30º (1/12) turn or if you have a torque
wrench tighten it with a torque of 80 ± 10 Nm (60 ± 7 ft-lbs).
0503-034
Figure 26
Tightening the Nut
When re-tightening the nut after detachment the nut must be
tightened without increased effort.
NOTE
6.
Clean and grease the tightening cone of the fitting screw after every
tenth detachment. Change the sealing washer every time the fitting
screw is detached. Use high-vacuum grease (for example Dow
Corning) or similar grease.
44 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
0503-033
Figure 27
Cleaning of Tightening Cone
The following numbers refer to Figure 27:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
Fitting screw
Sealing washer
Tightening cone
Clean cotton stick
CAUTION
In pressurized processes it is essential to tighten the supporting nuts and
screws very carefully to prevent loosening of the probe by the action of
pressure.
NOTE
When installed in a process with a pressure differing from normal
atmospheric pressure, please enter the pressure value of the process (in
hPa or mbar) into the transmitter memory via the serial line (see
command PRES and XPRES on page 96) or by using display/keypad.
HMT335 for High Temperatures
HMT335 is installed similarly than the HMT333 probe but without the
supporting bar. Refer to Appendix A on page 163 for more information
on the duct installation kit for HMT335.
To avoid incorrect humidity readings, the temperature differences
between inside and outside of the duct must not be remarkable.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 45
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
HMT337 for High Humidity Applications
The HMT337 is for environment where relative humidity is very high,
near saturation. The warmed probe prevents the saturation of the sensor.
An additional temperature probe is also available.
See Appendix A on page 163 for a presentation of the following probe
installation kits for HMT337 with installation examples:
-
Duct mounting kit
Cable gland
Pressure tight Swagelok connector
Vaisala's Meteorological Installation kit
The installation kits are available for both humidity and temperature
probe.
Temperature Probe (Optional)
An additional temperature probe is available to measure the ambient
temperature when the HMT337 (with probe warming) is used. The
additional temperature probe allows you to measure other humidity
quantities apart from dewpoint and mixing ratio. The temperature probe
must be connected to the transmitter at the factory. Do not cut and reconnect the cable yourself.
You must install the additional temperature probe in the same
measurement environment as the HMT337 probe. Make sure that heat
does not transfer from the warmed probe to the temperature probe. For an
example installation, refer to section Example of Installation Through
Roof on page 169.
HMT338 for Pressurized Pipelines
Due to the sliding fit the HMT338 is easy to install into and remove from
the pressurized process. The probe is especially suitable for the
measurements in pipelines. See section Ball Valve Installation Kit for
HMT338 on page 170.
46 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
0508-077
Figure 28
HMT338 Probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 28:
1
2
=
=
Clasp nut, 24 mm hex nut
Fitting body, 27 mm hex head
The following two fitting body options are available:
- Fitting Body ISO1/2 solid structure
- Fitting Body NPT1/2 solid structure
Table 5
HMT338 Probe Dimensions
Probe type
Standard
Optional
Probe Dimension
178 mm
400 mm
Adjustment Range
120 mm
340 mm
0507-025
Figure 29
Sealing of Fitting Body into Process
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 47
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Tightening the Clasp Nut
1.
2.
3.
4.
Adjust the probe to a suitable depth according to the type of
installation.
Tighten the clasp nut first manually.
Mark the fitting screw and the clasp nut.
Tighten the nut a further 50 -60º (ca. 1/6 turn) with a wrench. If
you have suitable torque wrench, tighten the nut to max 45 ± 5 Nm
(33 ± 4 ft-lbs).
0505-276
Figure 30
Tightening the Clasp Nut
The following numbers refer to
Figure 30 on page 48:
1 = Probe
2 = Clasp nut
3 = Fitting screw
4 = Pen
NOTE
Take care not to over tighten the clasp nut to avoid difficulties when
opening it.
CAUTION
Take care not to damage the probe body. A damaged body makes the
probe less tight and may prevent it from going through the clasp nut.
CAUTION
In pressurized processes it is essential to tighten the supporting nuts and
screws very carefully to prevent loosening of the probe by the action of
pressure.
48 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
NOTE
When installed in a process with a pressure differing from normal
atmospheric pressure, please enter the pressure value of the process (in
hPa or mbar) into the transmitter memory via the serial line (see
command PRES and XPRES on page 96) or by using display/keypad.
Optional Modules
Power Supply Module
The AC (mains) power connection may be connected to the power supply
module only by an authorized electrician. A readily accessible disconnect
device shall be incorporated in the fixed wiring.
0506-027
Figure 31
Power Supply Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 31:
1
2
3
=
=
=
4
5
=
=
Connect AC (mains) voltage wires to these terminals
Grounding terminal
In case the module is not installed in the factory: Connect
wires from these terminals to the POWER 10 ... 35V 24V
terminals of the mother board.
+
-
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 49
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Disconnect the power and open the transmitter cover.
Remove the protective plug from the cable gland and thread the
wires. In case the power supply module is installed in the factory,
continue with the step 5.
Attach the power module to the bottom of the housing with four
screws. See the position Figure 2 on page 22.
Connect the wires from the terminals of the power supply module
marked with + and - to the terminals POWER 10 ... 35 V 24V on
the motherboard of the transmitter.
Connect the AC mains voltage wires to the power supply module
terminals marked with N and L.
Attach the grounding wire to the grounding terminal on the righthand side of the transmitter.
Connect the power. The LED on the cover of the transmitter is lit
continuously during normal operation.
WARNING
Do not detach the power supply module from the transmitter when the
power is on.
WARNING
Do not connect the mains power to power supply module when it is not
installed in the transmitter.
WARNING
Always connect the protective ground terminal.
Warnings
Dieses Produkt entspricht der Niederspannungsrichtlinie (2006/95/EWG).
-
Das Netzmodul darf nur von einem dazu befugten Elektriker angeschlossen werden.
-
Trennen Sie das Netzmodul nicht vom Messwertgeber, wenn der Strom eingeschaltet ist.
-
Verbinden Sie das Netzmodul nur mit der Spannungsquelle, wenn es im Messwertgeber
HMT330 montiert ist.
-
Das Erdungskabel muss zum Schutz immer angeschlossen sein.
Ce produit est conforme à la Directive relative à la Basse Tension (2006/95/EEC).
-
Seul un électricien compétent est habilité à raccorder le module d’alimentation au secteur.
-
Ne pas détacher le module d’alimentation du transmetteur lorsqu’il est en service.
-
Ne pas raccorder le secteur au module d’alimentation lorsque celui-ci n’est pas installé dans le
transmetteur HMT330.
-
Toujours raccorder un bornier de protection à la terre.
50 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Tämä tuote on pienjännitedirektiivin (2006/95/EEC) mukainen.
-
Vaihtovirtaliitännän saa kytkeä tehonsyöttömoduuliin ainoastaan valtuutettu sähköasentaja
-
Älä irrota tehonsyöttömoduulia lähettimestä, kun virta on kytkettynä.
-
Älä kytke verkkovirtaa tehonsyöttömoduuliin, jos kyseistä moduulia ei ole asennettu
HMT330 lähettimeen.
-
Kytke aina maadoitusliittimet.
Denna produkt uppfyller kraven i direktivet om lågspänning (2006/95/EEC).
-
Nätanslutningen (växelströmsanslutningen) får bara anslutas till strömförsörjningsmodulen av
en behörig elektriker.
-
Ta inte loss strömförsörjningsmodulen från mätaren när strömmen är på.
-
Anslut inte strömförsörjningsmodulen till nätet när den inte är installerad i HMT330-mätaren
-
Anslut alltid en skyddande jordningsplint.
Questo prodotto é conforme alla Direttiva sul basso voltaggio (2006/95/CEE).
-
La conduttura elettrica puó essere collegata al modulo di alimentazione elettrica soltanto da
un elettricista autorizzato.
-
Non staccare l´alimentazione elettrica dal trasmettitore quando é acceso.
-
Non collegare la corrente elettrica al modulo di alimentazione elettrica se non é installato nel
trasmettitore HMT330.
-
Collegare sempre il morsetto protettivo a terra!
Dette produkt er i overensstemmelse med direktivet om lavspænding
(2006/95/EØS).
-
Netstrømskoblingen til må kun tilsluttes strømforsyningsmodulet af en autoriseret elinstallatør
-
Strømforsyningsmodulet må ikke løsgøres fra senderen, mens spændingen er sluttet til.
-
Slut ikke netspændingen til strømforsyningsmodulet, når det ikke er installeret i HMT330senderen
-
Forbind altid den beskyttende jordklemme!
Dit product voldoet aan de eisen van de richtlijn 2006/95/EEG
(Laagspanningsrichtlijn).
-
De stroom kan aan de stroomtoevoer module aangesloten worden alleen door een bevoegde
monteur.
-
Het is niet toegestaan de stroomtoevoer module van de transmitter los te koppelen wanneer de
stroom aan is.
-
Het is niet toegestaan de stroom aan de stroomtoevoer module aan te sluiten als deze niet in
een HMT330-transmitter is gemonteerd.
-
Altijd beschermend aardcontact aansluiten!
Este producto cumple con la directiva de bajo voltaje (2006/95/EEC).
-
La conexión de la alimentación principal al módulo de alimentación sólo puede realizarla un
electricista autorizado.
-
No desenchufe el módulo de alimentación del transmisor cuando esté encendido.
-
No conecte la alimentación principal al módulo de alimentación cuando no esté instalado en
el transmisor HMT330.
-
Conecte siempre el terminal de protección de conexión a tierra.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 51
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
See toode vastab madalpinge direktiivile (2006/95/EEC).
-
Voolukaabli võib vooluallika mooduli külge ühendada ainult volitatud elektrik.
-
Ärge ühendage vooluallika moodulit saatja küljest lahti, kui vool on sisse lülitatud.
-
Ärge ühendage voolukaablit vooluallika mooduli külge, kui seda pole HMT330-tüüpi
saatjasse paigaldatud.
-
Ühendage alati kaitsev maandusklemm!
Ez a termék megfelel a Kisfeszültségű villamos termékek irányelvnek
(2006/95/EGK).
-
A hálózati feszültséget csak feljogosított elektrotechnikus csatlakoztathatja a
tápegységmodulra.
-
A bekapcsolt távadóról ne csatolja le a tápegységmodult.
-
Ne csatlakoztassa a hálózati feszültséget a tápegységmodulhoz, ha az nincs beépítve a
HMT330 távadóba.
-
Feltétlenül csatlakoztasson földelő védőkapcsot!
Šis produktas atitinka direktyvą dėl žemos įtampos prietaisų (2006/95/EB).
-
Elektros tinklą su energijos tiekimo moduliu sujungti gali tik įgaliotas elektrikas.
-
Niekada neišimkite energijos tiekimo modulio iš siųstuvo, kai maitinimas yra įjungtas.
-
Jei energijos tiekimo modulis nėra įmontuotas HMT330 siųstuve, nejunkite jo į elektros
tinklą.
-
Visada prijunkite prie apsauginės įžeminimo jungties!
Šis produkts atbilst Zemsprieguma direktīvai (2006/95/EEC).
-
Strāvas pieslēgumu var pieslēgt pie barošanas avota moduļa tikai autorizēts elektriķis.
-
Neatvienot barošanas avota moduli no raidītāja, kad pieslēgta strāva.
-
Nepievienot strāvu barošanas avota modulim, ja tas nav uzstādēts HMT330 raidītājā
-
Vienmēr pievienot aizsargājošu iezemētu terminālu !
Ten produkt spełnia wymogi Dyrektywy niskonapięciowej (2006/95/EEC).
-
Napięcie zasilające powinno zostać podłączone do modułu zasilacza tylko przez
wykwalifikowanego elektryka.
-
Nie wolno odłączać modułu zasilacza od nadajnika, kiedy zasilanie jest włączone.
-
Nie wolno podłączać napięcia zasilającego do modułu zasilacza, kiedy nie jest on
zamontowany w nadajniku HMT330.
-
Zawsze należy podłączać zabezpieczający zacisk uziemiający!
Tento výrobek vyhovuje Směrnici pro nízké napětí (2006/95/EEC).
-
Připojení síťového napájení k napájecímu modulu smí provádět pouze oprávněný elektrikář.
-
Neodpojujte napájecí modul od snímače při zapnutém napájení.
-
Nepřipojujte síťové napájení k napájecímu modulu, pokud není instalován ve snímači
HMT330.
-
Vždy zapojte ochrannou zemnící svorku!
52 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Galvanic Isolation for Output
If galvanic isolation of the power supply line from the output signals is
needed, HMT330 can be ordered with optional output isolation module.
This module prevents harmful grounding loops.
NOTE
Output isolation module is not needed when using the power supply
module.
0506-030
Figure 32
Galvanic Output Isolation Module
The following number refers to Figure 32:
1
=
Output isolation module
Third Analog Output
0503-030
Figure 33
Third Analog Output
The following numbers refer to Figure 33:
1
2
3
=
=
=
Flat cable pins
Screw terminals for signal line
DIP switches to select the output mode and range
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 53
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installation and Wiring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
NOTE
Disconnect the power. In case the analog output module is installed
in the factory, continue with the step 4.
Open the transmitter cover and fasten the analog output module to
the position for MODULE 2 with four screws. Refer to Figure 2 on
page 22.
Connect the flat cable between the analog output module and the
motherboard's connector for MODULE 2.
Take out the protective plug from the cable gland and thread the
wires.
Connect the wires to the screw terminals marked with Ch+ and
Ch- .
Select the current/voltage output by setting ON either of the
switches 1 or 2.
Select the range by setting ON one of the switches 3 ... 7.
Only one of the switches 1 and 2 can be ON at a time.
Only one of the switches 3 ... 7 can be ON at a time.
0508-029
Figure 34
8.
9.
Third analog output selection
Connect the power.
Select the quantity and scale the channel via the serial line or
display/keypad, see section Analog Output Quantities on page 110.
For testing the analog output, see section Analog Output Tests on
page 112. For fault indication setting, see section Analog Output
Fault Indication Setting on page 113.
54 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Relays
HMT330 can be equipped with one or two configurable relay modules.
Each module contains two configurable relays. See the contact ratings in
section Technical Specifications of Optional Modules on page 153.
Installation and Wiring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
CAUTION
Disconnect the power and open the transmitter cover. In case the
relay-module is installed in the factory, continue with step 5.
Attach the relay module to the bottom of the housing with four
screws. See the position in Figure 2 on page 22.
When the mains power is in use attach the grounding wire to the
grounding terminal.
Connect the flat cable between the relay module and the
MODULE 1 or MODULE 2 pins of the motherboard.
Take out the protective plug from the cable gland and thread the
relay wires.
Connect the wires to the screw terminals: NO, C, NC. Refer to
section Selecting the Activation State of the Relay below.
For installations in the USA: If your transmitter has both the relay
module and a LAN or WLAN module, the maximum voltage you are
allowed to connect to the relay module is 50 V.
7.
Connect the power and close the cover.
Selecting the Activation State of the Relay
The middlemost C terminal and either one of the terminals NO/NC must
be connected. The polarity can be freely selected.
NO
C
NC
Normally open
Common relay
Normally closed
Relay NOT activated: C and NC outputs are closed, NO is open
Relay IS activated:
C and NO outputs are closed, NC is open.
NOTE
For instructions on how to operate the relay (for example, select quantity
for the relay output and set the relay setpoints) see section Operation of
Relays on page 114.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 55
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0503-037
Figure 35
Relay Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 35:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
Indication led for the relay 1 or 3
Relay test buttons
Flat cable pins
Indication led for relay 2 or 4
WARNING
The relay module may contain dangerous voltages even if the
transmitter power has been disconnected. Before opening the transmitter
you must switch off both the transmitter and the voltage connected to
the relay terminals.
WARNING
Do not connect the mains power to relay unit without grounding the
transmitter.
56 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
RS-422/485 Interface
0503-029
Figure 36
RS-485 Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 36:
1
2
3
NOTE
=
=
=
Flat cable pins
Selection switches
Screw terminals for wiring
The markings on the module and in this manual are according to the line
driver manufacturers’ application notes, where A is posive against B
when measured with a voltmeter.
When connecting the module, be prepared to swap the A and B wires if
you have a communication problem.
Installation and Wiring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect the power. In case the RS-485-module is installed in
the factory, continue with the item 4.
Open the transmitter cover and attach the RS-485 module to the
bottom of the housing with four screws.
Connect the flat cable between the RS-485 module and the
motherboard's pins MODULE1 (Communications).
Pull the network wirings through the cable gland.
Connect the twisted pair wires (1 or 2 pairs) to the screw terminals
as presented in Table 6 below:
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 57
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 6
Connecting the Twisted Pair Wires to the Screw
Terminals
Screw terminal
Data line
(2-wire RS-485)
Data line
(4-wire RS-485/422)
1
2
3
4
5
(not connected)
(not connected)
Data pair shield
B
A
RxB
RxA
Data pair shield
TxB
TxA
6.
If you use RS-485 (or RS-422) to connect just one HMT330 to a
master computer, enable the internal termination of HMT330 by
switching switches 1 and 2 ON. Make sure that the master's end of
the line is also terminated (by using master's internal termination or
with a separate terminator).
If you are connecting many transmitters to the same RS-485 bus,
make sure that switches 1 and 2 are OFF and terminate the bus with
separate terminators at both ends. This allows removing any
transmitter without blocking the bus operation.
If you use the internal termination of the transmitter at the end of the
RS-485 bus (instead of using separate terminators) removing that
transmitter will block the bus operation.
NOTE
7.
Use the bus type (4-wire/2-wire) to select the selection switch 3.
In 4-wire mode RS-485 master sends data to the HMT330 through
terminals RxA and RxB and receives data from HMT330 through
terminals TxA and TxB.
Figure 37
4-Wire RS-485 Bus
58 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Table 7
4-Wire (Switch 3: On)
RS-485 master
TxA
TxB
RxA
RxB
Table 8
9.
HMT330
RxA
RxB
TxA
TxB
2-Wire (Switch 3: Off)
RS-485 master
A
B
8.
Data
→
→
←
←
Data
↔
↔
HMT330
A
B
When operating in communication mode RS-422, set both switches
3 and 4 to ON position (4-wire wiring is required for RS-422
mode).
Connect the power and close the cover.
LAN Interface
The optional LAN interface enables an Ethernet connection to the
transmitter. The user can establish a virtual terminal session using a
telnet client program such as PuTTY. When the LAN Interface is in use,
serial communication using the User Port is disabled.
The LAN interface module must be installed at the factory (when
ordering the transmitter), or by a Vaisala Service Center. Once installed,
the module is automatically used by the transmitter. The physical
connection to the network is made to the RJ45 connector on the LAN
interface module, using a standard twisted pair Ethernet cable
(10/100Base-T). Transmitters with the optional LAN interface are
delivered pre-installed with a suitable cable and cable gland.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 59
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
The LAN interface can use both static and dynamic network settings. If
the interface is configured to use dynamic settings, the network where the
LAN interface is connected must have a DHCP server that provides the
settings.
The network configuration can be done using the optional display and
keypad, or by using the service port. For instructions, see section LAN
Communication on page 77. The LAN interface also provides a web
configuration interface, which you can access by entering the IP address
of the LAN interface in the address field of a web browser. For
instructions on how to verify the current settings and status of the LAN
interface, see section Device Information on page 101.
0709-003
Figure 38
LAN Interface Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 38 above:
1
2
=
=
Flat cable connector
RJ45 connector with indicator LEDs for link and activity
WLAN Interface
The optional WLAN interface enables a wireless Ethernet connection
(IEEE 802.11b) to the transmitter. The user can establish a virtual
terminal session using a telnet client program such as PuTTY. When the
WLAN Interface is in use, serial communication using the User Port is
disabled.
The interface supports Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) and Wi-Fi
Protected Access (WPA). For WEP, 64 and 128 bit encryption is
supported, with open system or shared key authentication. WPA is used
in the Pre-Shared Key (PSK) mode, with either TKIP or CCMP protocol.
Similarly to the LAN Interface, the WLAN interface can use both static
and dynamic network settings. If the interface is configured to use
60 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
dynamic settings, the network where the WLAN interface is connected
must have a DHCP server that provides the settings.
The WLAN interface also provides a web configuration interface, which
you can access by entering the IP address of the WLAN interface in the
address field of a web browser.
0802-103
Figure 39
WLAN Interface Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 39 above:
1
2
NOTE
=
=
Flat cable connector
Connector for antenna cable (connected to transmitter cover)
The WLAN interface is not recommended for use with the HMT331
fixed probe model (for wall-mounted applications). The HMT331 short
cable probe is designed to be used with the WLAN interface.
Attaching the WLAN Antenna
The LAN interface module must be installed at the factory (when
ordering the transmitter), or by a Vaisala Service Center. Before taking
the transmitter into use, the user must attach the antenna of the WLAN
interface into the RP-SMA connector on the transmitter cover. The
location of the antenna is shown in Figure 76 on page 158.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 61
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Data Logger Module
The optional data logger module extends the data storage for the
measurement data. When the data logger is present, this storage is
automatically used by the transmitter. The stored data can be browsed
using the optional display module, and accessed through the serial
connections. See sections Graphic History on page 66 and Data
Recording on page 104.
The data logger module contains non-volatile flash memory providing 4
years 5 months of storage for 3 parameters at a 10 second sampling
interval. When the memory is full, the data recording will not stop.
Instead, the oldest data is overwritten. For each parameter and
observation period, the module stores the minimum and maximum values
during the interval, as well a data trend value that is averaged from
samples taken during the interval (see Table 9 on page 62).
Table 9
Observartion Periods and Resolution
Observation Period
20 minutes
3 hours
1 day
10 days
2 months
1 year
4 years
Period for Trend/Max/Min
Calculations (Resolution)
10 seconds
90 seconds
12 minutes
2 hours
12 hours
3 days
12 days
The quantities that are logged are the same that have been selected for
measurement using the display/keypad or the serial line. When taking the
transmitter into use, verify that the desired quantities are selected. If you
change the quantities later, the transmitter will start logging the new
quantities, and stop logging the quantities that are no longer selected.
Changing the quantities does not delete any measurement data that is
already in memory.
The data logger module has a real time clock with a battery back-up. The
clock has been set to the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) at the
factory, and its time cannot be set by the user. The data that is stored in
the logger's memory is timestamped using the logger's clock.
When date and time are set on the transmitter, they are stored to the
transmitter's memory as an offset from the time on the logger's clock.
When browsing the stored data, the time offset is applied to the
timestamps shown in the graphical history, and data outputted from the
serial port. The timestamps in the data logger's memory remain as they
were originally stored.
62 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 3 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
You can compensate for the clock drift (less than ±2 min/year) by setting
the time on the transmitter. This updates the time offset used on the
display and the serial port. You can set the time by using the
keypad/display or the serial commands.
0706-068
Figure 40
Data Logger Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 40 above:
1
2
=
=
Flat cable pins
Battery
After a reset or a power up, it will usually take at least 10 seconds before
the data logger module is initialized. The real time clock and the data
logging and reading functions are not available before the initialization is
complete.
The indicator LED on the module will blink green during normal
operation. If the LED is lit in red color, there is a problem with the
module. The transmitter will also indicate the problem by activating the
"Add-on module connection failure" error. If the module is not operating
correctly, the transmitter must be sent to Vaisala for maintenance.
The data logger module must be installed at the factory (when ordering
the transmitter), or by a Vaisala Service Center. Once installed, the
module is automatically used by the transmitter. When the module
requires a new battery, the transmitter must be sent to Vaisala for
maintenance.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 63
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
8-Pin Connector
0503-026
Figure 41
Wiring of Optional 8-Pin Connector
Table 10
Wiring of 8-Pin Connector
PIN/Terminal Wire
1
2
White
Brown
Serial Signal
RS-232 (EIA-232)
Data out TX
(serial GND)
3
4
5
6
7
8
Green
Yellow
Grey
Pink
Blue
Shield/Red
Supply Supply +
Data in RX
Cable shield
Analog Signal
RS-485 (EIA-485)
A
(serial GND)
Signal GND (for
both channels)
Ch 2+
Ch 1 +
Supply Supply Supply +
Supply +
B
Cable shield
Cable shield
64 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION
This chapter contains information that is needed to operate this product.
Getting Started
Within a few seconds after power-up the LED on the cover of the
transmitter is lit continuously indicating normal operation. When using
the optional display and turning the transmitter on the first time, the
language selection menu window opens. Select the language with ▼▲
arrow buttons and press the SELECT button (the left-hand
button).
The pressure has an effect on humidity calculations and accuracy.
Therefore, accurate calculations can be achieved only when the ambient
pressure is taken into consideration. For instructions on how to set the
pressure, see section Pressure Compensation Setting on page 95.
Display/Keypad (Optional)
Basic Display
Display shows you the measurement values of the selected quantities in
the selected units. You can select 1 ... 3 quantities for the numerical basic
display (see section Changing Quantities and Units on page 92.)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 65
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0705-209
Figure 42
Basic Display
The following numbers refer to Figure 42:
NOTE
1
=
2
=
3
=
The Info shortcut button, see section Device Information on
page 101
The Graph shortcut button, see section Graphic History on
page 66
Quantities selected for display
From any view, a four-second press on the right-hand function button
takes you directly to the basic display.
Graphic History
The graphical display shows the data trend or min/max graph of the
selected quantities, one at a time. The graph is updated automatically
while measuring.
0705-210
Figure 43
Graphical Display
Trend graph: Shows you a curve of average values. Each value is a
calculated average over a period. See Table 11 on page 67 below.
Max/min graph: Shows you the minimum and maximum values in a
form of curve. Each value is max/min over a time period. See Table 11
below.
66 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Table 11
Periods for Trend and Max/Min Calculations
Observation Period
20 minutes
3 hours
1 day
10 days
2 months
1 year
4 year*
Period for Trend/Max/Min
Calculations (Resolution)
10 seconds
90 seconds
12 minutes
2 hours
12 hours
3 days
12 days
* Shows the maximum logging period of the data logger module
(available when data logger module is installed)
Use the following functions in the graphical display:
- Press the NEXT button to change between the trend graph and
max/min graph for the quantities selected for display.
- Press the EXIT button to return to the basic display.
- Press the ▼▲ arrow buttons to zoom in and out in the graph window.
- Press the ◄► arrow buttons move the cursor (vertical bar) along the
time axis. The cursor mode allows you to observe individual
measuring points. The numerical value at the cursor position is shown
at the left upper corner. The right upper corner shows the time from
the present to the chosen moment (without the logger module), or the
date and time at the cursor position (when the logger module is
installed).
- If the optional data logger module is installed, you can scroll the
cursor off the screen to move to a new point on the time axis. The new
date will be displayed, and the cursor will be centered at the date
where the cursor scrolled off the screen.
0706-030
Figure 44
Graphical Display with Data Logger
The time that is shown below the graph is adjusted with the current time
offset of the transmitter. If you change the transmitter's date and time
setting, the displayed timestamps in the history graph change
accordingly. For an explanation of the effect of changing the date and
time manually, see section Data Logger Module on page 62.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 67
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 12
Graph Information Messages in Cursor Mode
Message
Power outage
No data
Device failure
T meas. failure
RH meas. failure
Adj. mode active
Interpretation
Power failure (marked also with dashed
vertical line)
Quantity has not been selected for the display
General device failure
Temperature measurement/sensor failure
Humidity measurement/sensor failure
Adjustment mode active (data recorded in the
adjustment mode is not displayed)
A question mark after time tells you that at least one power failure
(dashed vertical line) has occurred after the chosen moment. In this case,
the exact time difference between the present and the cursor position is
not exactly known.
Menus and Navigation
You can change settings and select functions in the menus.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the MAIN MENU by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons in the basic (numeric) display mode.
Move in the menus by using the ▲▼ arrow buttons.
Open a submenu with ► button.
Press ◄ to return to the previous level.
Function button EXIT returns you back to the basic display.
0705-208, 0802-040
Figure 45
Main Menus
68 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Some menu items, such as Purge in the Measuring menu, are only
shown if supported by the transmitter and the installed options.
Changing the Language
1.
Go back to the basic display by keeping the right-hand
pressed for four seconds.
2.
3.
Open the Main menu by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► buttons.
Scroll to the System menu option, and press the ► button. The
menu option is indicated with the wrench symbol.
button.
Scroll to the Language menu option, and the left-hand
The menu option is indicated with the flag symbol.
Select the language with the ▼▲ buttons, and confirm the
selection by pressing the left-hand
button.
Press the right-hand
button to exit to the basic display.
4.
5.
6.
button
Rounding Setting
Round off one decimal by using the Rounding function. The default
setting is rounding on. Rounding has no effect on quantities without
decimals.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open the MAIN MENU by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Display and confirm by pressing the ►arrow button.
Select Rounding and press ON/OFF button.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
Display Backlight Setting
As a default the display backlight is always on. In the automatic mode
the backlight stays on for 30 seconds from the last press of any button.
When pressing any button, the light turns on again.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the MAIN MENU by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Display, press the ►arrow button.
Select Backlight, press the CHANGE button.
Select On/Off/Automatic, press the SELECT button.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 69
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Display Contrast Setting
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the MAIN MENU by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Display, press the ►arrow button.
Select Contrast, press the ADJUST button.
Adjust the contrast by pressing the ◄► arrow buttons.
Press OK and EXIT to return to the basic display.
Keypad Lock (Key guard)
This function locks the keypad and prevents unintentional key presses.
1.
2.
Keep pressing the left-hand function button for 4 seconds to lock
the keypad (at any display).
To unlock the keypad, press the OPEN button for 4 seconds.
Menu PIN Lock
You can prevent unauthorized changes of the device settings by
activating the menu PIN lock. When this function is activated, the basic
display and graphical view are available but access to the menus is
locked. The key symbol indicates the activation of this feature.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the MAIN MENU by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons.
Select System, press the ►arrow button.
Select Menu PIN, press the ON button.
Enter a PIN code by using the ▼▲arrow buttons. Press OK to
confirm the setting. Now the PIN lock is on and a key symbol is
shown in a display.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display. Returning to the menu is
possible only by entering the correct PIN code.
When you want to turn off the PIN lock, go to the menu by giving the
PIN code and select System, Menu PIN, press OFF button.
In case you have forgotten the PIN code, open the transmitter cover and
press the ADJ button once. Wait for a few seconds and the adjustment
menu opens. Select Clear menu PIN, press
CLEAR.
NOTE
You can also disable the keypad completely with serial command
LOCK.
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Factory Settings
Use the display/keypad to restore the factory settings. This operation
does not affect the adjustments. Only settings available in the menus are
restored.
1.
2.
3.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select System by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Factory settings and press the REVERT button to confirm
your selection. Press the YES button to reset all settings to the
factory defaults.
See section General Settings on page 92 for a description of the other
menu options.
Display Alarms
The Display Alarm feature provides two independently configurable
alarms for transmitters with the display/keypad option. Each alarm tracks
a selected quantity, with a freely configurable low and high limit. Each
alarm also has a configurable hysteresis value to prevent unnecessary
triggering when the measurement fluctuates around an alarm limit. The
alarms can be configured for any quantity supported by the transmitter.
The configuration of the Display Alarms can only be done using the
display/keypad option.
An alarm is activated when the selected quantity goes higher than the
high limit, or lower than the low limit, much in the same way as the
relays. When an alarm is activated, an alarm note is displayed on the
display, and the lights of the display will blink.
0802-041
Figure 46
Display Alarm Active
Multiple alarms can be active at the same time; the alarm that was
triggered first will be shown on the display. The next active alarm is
revealed when the currently shown alarm is acknowledged by pressing
the OK button.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Note that activated alarms are only shown on the screen. There are no
alarm messages output to the serial line, or markers placed in the graph
data. After an alarm has been acknowledged, you must refer to the data
graphs to see when the measured quantities have exceeded the limits.
Configuring a Display Alarm
1.
2.
Enter the Main Menu by pressing an arrow key on the keypad.
Use the arrow keys to select Display, followed by Alarms, to open
the Display Alarms menu. The Display Alarms menu shows the
currently enabled and disabled alarms.
0802-069
Figure 47
3.
NOTE
Display Alarms
Use the arrow keys to select an alarm to configure. The alarm
editing page opens.
Changes you do on the alarm editing page will take effect immediately,
and may cause an alarm to appear on the screen.
4.
5.
To select a quantity for the alarm, press the Change button and
select the quantity from the list.
To modify or remove the alarm limit values, move the selection
over the Act. above or Act. below field and press the Set button.
You will be prompted to Modify or Remove the value.
0802-070
Figure 48
Modifying an Alarm Limit
When modifying the value, use the arrow up and down buttons to
change the value under the cursor. Left and right arrow buttons
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
6.
7.
8.
move the cursor. Select the OK button to accept the modified
value, or Cancel to undo the modification.
Set a suitable Hysteresis value to prevent the alarm from being
triggered unnecessarily by small measurement changes that pass
the alarm limit repeatedly.
Set or clear the Alarm enable checkbox to enable or disable the
alarm.
Press the Exit button to leave the alarm configuration screen and
return to the basic view.
MI70 Link Program for Data Handling
The real-time window function of the MI70 Link program allows you to
monitor transmitter readings directly with a PC when transmitter is
connected with a serial or USB cable. You can also transfer recorded data
from the main transmitter memory in numeric or graphical format, for
further use in a spreadsheet program (such as Microsoft Excel) or
virtually any other application.
Follow the steps below to connect your transmitter to the MI70 Link
program using the serial interface:
1.
Connect your PC to the transmitter. Refer to section Serial Line
Communication on page 73.
2.
Check that the HMT330 is powered.
3.
Start the MI70 Link program.
4.
Start using the program. There is usually no need to select a COM
port manually, the MI70 Link software can detect it automatically.
The MI70 Link program, and the optional connection cables, are
available from Vaisala. See list of accessories in section Options and
Accessories on page 155.
Serial Line Communication
Connect the serial interface by using either the user port or the service
port.
For permanent interfacing to host system, use the user port. You can
change the serial settings and operate in RUN, STOP and POLL modes.
For temporary connections, use the service port. The service port is
always available with fixed serial settings.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0605-039
Figure 49
Service Port Connector and User Port Terminal on
Mother Board
The following numbers refer to Figure 49 above:
1
2
=
=
Service port connector
User port terminals
User Port Connection
Use a suitable serial cable between the user port RxD, GND and TxD
screw terminals and the PC serial port, see Figure 50 on page 74.
Table 13
ANALOG OUTPUTS USER PORT POWER
RS-232
10…36 V=
24 V~
Parameter
Bauds
Parity
Data bits
Stop bits
Flow control
Default Serial Communication Settings for the User
Port
Value
4800
Even
7
1
None
+
–
RxD
GND
TxD
Ch1+
Ch1–
Ch2+
Ch2–
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9
IOIOI
0506-033
Figure 50
Connection Example Between PC Serial Port and User
Port
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Connections to pins 4, 6, 7 and 8 on PC serial port are required only if
you are using software requiring hardware handshaking.
After power-up the transmitter (in STOP-mode) outputs the software
version and the command prompt.
HMT330/5.00
>
In RUN mode a measurement output starts immediately after power-up.
In POLL mode, the transmitter does not output anything after power-up
(see section SMODE on page 99).
NOTE
User port cannot be used when the RS-485 module is connected.
Service Port Connection
Connection Cables
To connect to the service port, you need a suitable cable with an RJ45
connector. Depending on the connections of your PC, you can either use
the Serial Connection Cable (optional accessory 19446ZZ) or the USBRJ45 Serial Connection Cable (optional accessory 219685). The USB
cable enables you to connect the transmitter to a PC via a standard type A
USB port. Note that the USB cable does not enable high speed data
transfer, since the bit rate is limited by the serial interface of the service
port.
Installing the Driver for the USB Cable
Before taking the USB cable into use, you must install the provided USB
driver on your PC. When installing the driver, you must acknowledge
any security prompts that may appear. The driver is compatible with
Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows
Vista.
1.
2.
3.
Check that the USB cable is not connected. Disconnect the cable if
you have already connected it.
Insert the media that came with the cable, or download the driver
from www.vaisala.com.
Execute the USB driver installation program (setup.exe), and
accept the installation defaults. The installation of the driver may
take several minutes.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
4.
After the driver has been installed, connect the USB cable to a USB
port on your PC. Windows will detect the new device, and use the
driver automatically.
5.
The installation has reserved a COM port for the cable. Verify the
port number, and the status of the cable, using the Vaisala USB
Instrument Finder program that has been installed in the
Windows Start menu.
Windows will recognize each individual cable as a different device, and
reserve a new COM port. Remember to use the correct port in the
settings of your terminal program. If you are using the Vaisala MI70
Link application, you do not need to check the COM port, as the MI70
Link detects the USB connection automatically.
There is no reason to uninstall the driver for normal use. However, if you
wish to remove the driver files and all Vaisala USB cable devices, you
can do so by uninstalling the entry for Vaisala USB Instrument Driver
from the Add or Remove Programs (Programs and Features in
Windows Vista) in the Windows Control Panel.
Using the Service Port
1.
2.
3.
Unfasten the screws on the transmitter cover, and open the
transmitter.
Connect the desired cable (serial interface cable or USB cable) to
your PC and the service port connector on the transmitter. For the
location of the service port, refer to Figure 49 on page 74.
Open a terminal program and set the communication settings as
follows:
Table 14
Communication Settings for the Service Port
Parameter
Bauds
Parity
Data bits
Stop bits
Flow control
Value
19200
None
8
1
None
For a detailed explanation of using a terminal program, see section
Terminal Program Settings on page 84.
4.
Power-up the HMT330.
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LAN Communication
To enable LAN communication, a LAN or WLAN interface must be
physically connected to the network, and the networking settings must be
suitable for your network. For a description of interfaces, see sections
LAN Interface on page 59 and WLAN Interface on page 60.
The LAN and WLAN interfaces both operate by accessing the serial
interface (User Port) of the transmitter. All commands that are available
using the serial interface are available through the LAN and WLAN
interfaces; refer to section List of Serial Commands on page 87. For
instructions on how to connect using a terminal program, see section
Terminal Program Settings on page 84.
IP Configuration
The IP settings of the LAN and WLAN interfaces are described in Table
15. The current settings can be viewed on the serial line or using the
device information display; see section Device Information on page 101.
Table 15
IP Settings for the LAN and WLAN Interfaces
Parameter
Automatic configuration
(DHCP)
Web configuration
IP Address
Netmask
Gateway
MAC
Description
If enabled, the transmitter will retrieve its network
settings (including the IP Address) from a server in
the network. If disabled, static network settings are
used instead.
If enabled, the settings of the interface can be
changed using a web browser. The configuration
page can be accessed by browsing to the IP
address of the transmitter.
The four part network ID of the transmitter. Must
be set manually if automatic configuration is not
used.
Example value: 192.168.0.222
Used together with the IP address to determine
which network the transmitter is a part of. Must be
set manually if automatic configuration is not used.
A common netmask is 255.255.255.0.
IP address of the server that enables the
transmitter to access other networks. Must be set
manually if automatic configuration is not used.
Example value: 192.168.0.1
The MAC address is the unique hardware address
of the LAN or WLAN interface. Cannot be
changed.
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Using Display/Keypad
You can configure the IP settings of the LAN and WLAN interfaces
using the display/keypad as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Interfaces.
Press ► arrow button to select Network settings. There will be a
delay as the transmitter refreshes the network information.
You are now in the Network Interface menu. Selecting the IP
configuration option opens the IP configuration menu.
0802-113
Figure 51
5.
Network Interface Menu
The Network Interface menu also allows you to enable or disable
the Web configuration option, or Disconnect all users that are
currently accessing the LAN or WLAN interface.
In the IP configuration menu, select Automatic configuration
(DHCP), or enter the IP address, Netmask and Gateway
manually. If automatic configuration is enabled, manual
configuration cannot be done.
0709-004
Figure 52
6.
IP Configuration Menu
To enter a value manually, use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to select the
parameter to change, and press Change. A cursor will appear in the
first digit. Move the cursor using the ◄► arrow buttons, and
change the value under the cursor using the ▲▼ arrow buttons.
Confirm the selection by pressing OK.
After configuring the desired parameters, press EXIT to return to
the basic display.
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Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command NET to view or set the network settings for
the LAN and WLAN interfaces. You can also refresh the network
information or disconnect all active connections.
NET [REFRESH] [DISCONNECT] [DHCP WEB] [DHCP IP SUBNET
GATEWAY WEB]
where
REFRESH
= Updates the network information and displays it
DISCONNECT = Disconnects all current sessions
DHCP
= ON or OFF. Enables or disables the automatic IP
configuration.
WEB
= ON or OFF. Enables or disables the Web
Configuration page.
IP
= The four part network ID of the transmitter. Must
be set manually if automatic configuration is not
used.
SUBNET
= Used together with the IP address to determine
which network the transmitter is a part of. Must be
set manually if automatic configuration is not used.
GATEWAY
= IP address of the server that enables the transmitter
to access other networks. Must be set manually if
automatic configuration is not used.
Examples:
>net refresh
OK
DHCP
:
IP address
:
Subnet mask
:
Default gateway:
Web config.
:
MAC address
:
Telnet
:
>
>net on off
DHCP
:
IP address
:
Subnet mask
:
Default gateway:
Web config.
:
MAC address
:
Telnet
:
OK
>
OFF
192.168.0.101
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1
OFF
00:40:9d:2c:d2:05
Not connected
ON
192.168.0.104
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1
OFF
00:40:9d:2c:d2:05
Connected
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 79
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>net off 192.168.0.101 255.255.255.0 192.168.0.1 off
DHCP
: OFF
IP address
: 192.168.0.101
Subnet mask
: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.0.1
Web config.
: OFF
MAC address
: 00:40:9d:2c:d2:05
Telnet
: Connected
OK
>
Wireless LAN Configuration
The settings of the WLAN interface are described in Table 16. The
current settings can be viewed on the serial line or using the device
information display; see section Device Information on page 101.
Table 16
Wireless LAN Settings
Parameter
SSID
Security type
Description
The service set identifier (i.e. network name)
of the wireless network to connect to. 1 … 32
characters.
The security type of the wireless network. The
options are:
OPEN
OPEN/WEP
WPA-PSK/TKIP
WPA-PSK/CCMP
Security key
All other choices except OPEN require a
security key; see below.
The encryption key or passphrase that is used
with an encrypted network.
Using Display/Keypad
You can configure the Wireless LAN settings using the display/keypad
as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Interfaces.
Press the ► arrow button to select Network settings. There will be
a delay as the transmitter refreshes the network information.
Press the ► arrow button to select Wireless LAN settings.
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0802-111
Figure 53
5.
Wireless LAN Settings
The Name entry on the page shows the SSID of the currently
selected wireless network. To change the SSID, press the SET
button. Use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to change the character under
the cursor, and ◄► arrow buttons to more the cursor. Press the
OK button when done.
0802-110
Figure 54
6.
Entering Network SSID
To change the currently selected Network type, select the Type
entry and press the Change button. Select the new type from the
list and press the Select button.
0802-112
Figure 55
7.
Selecting the Wireless Network Type
If you have selected an encrypted network type (WEP or WPA),
you must enter the security key to be used. Select the
Key/passphrase entry and press the Set button. Enter the key in
the same way as the SSID, and press the OK button. With the WEP
encryption you must enter the encryption key in hexadecimal (10
hexdecimals for 64-bit encryption or 26 hexadecimals for 128-bit
encryption). A WPA key must be
8 … 63 ASCII characters.
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8.
After setting the wireless network parameters, press the Exit button
in the Wireless Network Settings menu. You will be asked to
confirm the new settings. Note that when new settings are saved,
all currently active WLAN connections are disconnected.
Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command WLAN to view or set the wireless network
settings. If you set an encrypted network type, you will be asked to enter
the security key. With the WEP encryption you must enter the encryption
key in hexadecimal (10 hexdecimals for 64-bit encryption or 26
hexadecimals for 128-bit encryption) or with plain ASCII characters (5
characters for 64-bit encryption or 13 characters for 128-bit encryption).
A WPA key must be 8 … 63 ASCII characters.
WLAN [SSID TYPE]
where
SSID
TYPE
=
=
The network name in 1 … 32 characters
The security type of the wireless network. The options are:
OPEN
OPEN/WEP
WPA-PSK/TKIP
WPA-PSK/CCMP
Examples:
>wlan ?
Network SSID
Type
>
: WLAN-AP
: OPEN
>wlan accesspoint wpa-psk/tkip
Network SSID
: accesspoint
Type
: WPA-PSK/TKIP
WPA-PSK phrase ? thequickbrownfox
Warning: Active connection will be disconnected.
Save changes (Y/N) ? y
OK
>
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Telnet Settings
When a telnet connection is established via the LAN or WLAN interface,
the session has the same communication mode, run interval, poll address
and echo settings as the serial port (user port) session would have.
These settings can be changed using the display/keypad, using the serial
line (user port or service port), or on-the-fly during the telnet session.
The display menu path to the telnet settings is:
Main menu ► Interfaces ► Network Interface ► Telnet settings.
The commands for changing the settings are SMODE, INTV, ADDR,
and ECHO.
Web Configuration for LAN and WLAN
The LAN and WLAN interfaces both have a web configuration page that
is accessible using a browser. If you have not disabled the page from the
network settings, you can access it with a web browser at the IP address
of the interface.
When accessing the web configuration page, you must first log in.
Username: user
Password: vaisala
The web configuration page provides similar network configuration
options as the serial line and the display/keypad. It also has additional
options for advanced users. For example, there are more options for
securing the wireless network.
If these additional options are used, they will appear as custom
configurations when viewed from the serial line or the display/keypad.
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0802-114
Figure 56
Web Configuration Interface for WLAN
Terminal Program Settings
The instructions below describe how to connect to the HMT330 using the
PuTTY terminal application for Windows. Perform the necessary cabling
and configuration of the transmitter before following the instructions.
PuTTY is available for download at www.vaisala.com.
Opening a Serial/USB connection
1.
2.
Power up the HMT330 and start the PuTTY application.
Select the Serial & USB settings category, and check that the
correct COM port is selected in the Serial or USB line to connect
to field. Change the port if necessary.
If you are using a Vaisala USB cable, you can check the port that it
uses by clicking the USB Finder... button. This opens the Vaisala
USB Instrument Finder program that has been installed along with
the USB drivers.
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3.
Check that the other serial/USB line settings are correct for your
connection, and change if necessary. The default settings (shown in
Figure 1) are used by the Service Port of the HMT330.
0810-070
Figure 57
4.
Opening a Serial Connection
Click the Open button to open the connection window and start
using the serial line.
If PuTTY is unable to open the serial port you selected, it will show
you an error message instead. If this happens, restart PuTTY and
check the settings.
Opening a Telnet session (LAN/WLAN)
NOTE
The instructions below assume that the LAN/WLAN interface on the
transmitter is correctly configured and the network connection is already
done.
1.
2.
Power up the instrument and start the PuTTY application. If your
transmitter acquires a network address using DHCP, wait for a
minute for this to complete, then verify the address from the
transmitter.
In the Session window, select the Telnet connection type.
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3.
Enter the IP address of your transmitter in the Host Name (or IP
address) field. If you do not know the port, the default port 23 is
likely correct.
0810-071
Figure 58
4.
Opening a Telnet Connection
Click the Open button to open the connection window and start
using the telnet session.
If PuTTY is unable to connect the IP address you entered, it will
show you an error message instead. If this happens, check the
IP address and the connections, restart PuTTY, and try again.
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List of Serial Commands
The bold text in the brackets is the default setting. To issue a command,
type it on your computer and press the Enter key.
Table 17
Measurement Commands
Command
R
S
INTV [0 ... 255 S/MIN/H]
SEND [0 ... 99]
SEND D
SMODE
[STOP/RUN/POLL]
SDELAY
SERI [baud p d s]
ADDR [0 ... 99]
NET
WLAN
OPEN [0 ... 99]
CLOSE
Table 18
View or set user port (RS232 or RS485)
answer minimum delay
User Port settings (Default: 4800 E 7 1)
baud: 300 ... 115200
Set the transmitter address (for POLL
mode)
View or set networking parameters for LAN
and WLAN interfaces
View or set wireless network parameters
for WLAN interface
Open a temporary connection to a POLL
mode device
Close the temporary connection (Back to
POLL mode)
Formatting Commands
Command
FORM
TIME
DATE
FTIME [ON/OFF]
FDATE [ON/OFF]
FST [ON/OFF]
UNIT
Description
Start the continuous outputting
Stop the continuous outputting
Set the continuous output interval
(for RUN mode)
Output the reading once
Outputting the reading with the raw data
Set the serial interface mode
Description
Set the output format of SEND and R
commands
Set the time
Set the date
Add time to SEND and R outputs
Add date to SEND and R outputs
Add the state of probe heating and
chemical purge in connection with SEND
and R commands
Select the metric or non-metric output units
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Table 19
Data Recording Commands
Command
DIR
PLAY [0 ... 21] [START END]
DSEL
DELETE
UNDELETE
Table 20
Command
PUR
PURGE
Table 21
Command
CRH
CT
CTA
FCRH
CTEXT
CDATE
ACAL
Table 22
Command
AMODE
ASEL
ITEST
AERR
Table 23
Command
RSEL
RTEST
Description
Display recorded files
Output recorded data file. Start and end
times can only be specified if the data
logger module is installed. The times must
be given in the following format:
yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss
Select data recording and display
quantities.
Delete all data files, including the memory
of the optional data logger module
Recover the deleted files that have not
been overwritten
Chemical Purge Commands
Description
Set the automatic chemical purge
Start the manual chemical purge
Calibration and Adjustment Commands
Description
Relative humidity calibration
Temperature calibration
Additional temperature probe calibration
Relative humidity calibration after sensor
change
Give the text to calibration information field
Set the calibration date
Analog output calibration
Setting and Testing the Analog Outputs
Description
View the analog output modes
Select the parameters for the analog
outputs
Test the analog outputs
Change the analog error output values
Setting and Testing the Relays
Description
Set and view the relays
Test the relays
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Table 24
Other Commands
Command
?
??
ECHO [ON/OFF]
ERRS
FILT
FIND
HELP
LOCK
PRES [hPa]
VERS
XHEAT
XPRES [hPa]
Description
Output information about the device
Output information about the device in
POLL mode
Turn the serial interface echo ON/OFF
List present transmitter errors
Set the result filtering
All devices in POLL mode send their
addresses
List the most common commands
Lock the menu and disable the keypad
Set the value for pressure compensations
Display the software version information
Sensor heating
Set the value for pressure compensations,
temporarily
Getting Measurement Message from
Serial Line
Starting Continuous Outputting
R
Enter the R command to start the continuous output of measurements.
Example:
>r
RH= 60.5 %RH T= 23.7 'C Tdf= 15.6 'C Td= 15.6 'C a= 13.0
g/m3
x= 11.1 g/kg Tw= 18.5 'C H2O= 17889 ppmV pw=
17.81 hPa pws= 29.43 hPa h= 52.3 kJ/kg dT= 8.1 'C
If a value is too long to fit to the allocated space in the output, or if there
is an error in outputting the quantity, the value is displayed with stars ‘*’.
Example:
RH=***.* %RH T= 31.0 'C
You can change the format of the output with the following commands:
- Outputting interval can be changed with the INTV command.
- Output message format can be changed with the FORM command.
- Status of chemical purge and probe heating can be added with the
FST command.
- Date and time information can be added with commands FDATE and
FTIME
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Stopping Continuous Outputting
S
Use the S command to end the RUN mode. After this command all other
commands can be used. You can also press the Esc button or reset the
transmitter to stop the outputting.
See command SMODE to change the default (power-up) operation
mode.
Outputting Reading Once
SEND
Use the SEND command to output the reading once in STOP mode. The
output format depends on which parameters the transmitter can output.
Examples:
RH= 98.4 %RH T= 31.1 'C
RH= 98.4 %RH T= 31.1 'C Td= 36.0 'C Tdf= 36.0 'C a= 42.4
g/m3
x= 38.8 g/kg Tw= 30.8 'C ppm= 62414 pw= 59.53 hPa
pws= 60.52 hPa h= 130.7 kJ/kg
Outputting Reading with Raw Data
SEND D
Example:
>send d
24.1720
23.9765
15.0399
-3.5743 189.2324
15.0709
15.0399
Where the readings (from the left) are:
24.1720
15.0399
-3.5743
189.2324
15.0709
15.0399
23.9765
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Temperature of the humidity probe ( ºC)
RH (%RH)
Tdf (C)
Capacitance (pF)
RH raw: calculated from scaled capacitance (%RH)
Enhancement factor corrected RH (%RH)
Temperature of the additional temperature probe
(optional) (ºC)
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Formatting Serial Line Message
FTIME and FDATE
FTIME and FDATE commands will enable/disable output of time and
date to the serial line. To add time to R and SEND outputs enter:
FTIME [x]
To add date to R and SEND outputs enter:
FDATE [x]
where
x
=
ON or OFF
Example:
>send
RH= 98.4 %RH T= 31.0 'C
>ftime on
Form. time
: ON
>send
03:47:59 RH= 98.4 %RH T= 31.0 'C
>fdate on
Form. date
: ON
>send
2004-07-05 03:48:03 RH= 98.4 %RH T= 31.0 'C
>
FST
To output the state of optional probe heating and chemical purge in
connection with SEND and R commands enter:
FST [x]
where
x
=
ON or OFF (default)
Example:
>fst on
Form. status
: ON
>send
N
0 RH= 40.1 %RH T= 24.0 'C Td= 9.7 'C Tdf= 9.7 'C a=
8.7 g/m3
x=
7.5
g/kg Tw= 15.6 'C ppm= 11980 pw= 12.00 hPa pws= 29.91 hPa
h= 43.2 kJ/kg
>purge
Purge started, press any key to abort.
>send
S 134 RH= 40.2 %RH T= 24.1 'C Td= 9.8 'C Tdf= 9.8 'C a=
8.8 g/m3
x=
7.5
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 91
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
g/kg Tw= 15.7 'C ppm= 12084 pw=
h= 43.5 kJ/kg
>
12.10 hPa pws=
30.11 hPa
For more information on chemical purge, see section Chemical Purge
(Optional) on page 124.
Where the state of the probe is indicated by the following letters and values:
N ... xxx
X ... xxx
H ... xxx
S ... xxx
=
=
=
=
Normal operation
Sensor heating
Chemical purge
Sensor cooling
after purge
where h xxx=
where xxx =
where xxx =
where xxx =
Probe heat power
Sensor temperature (ºC)
Sensor temperature (ºC)
Sensor temperature (ºC)
General Settings
Changing Quantities and Units
To change quantities and units use serial commands or the optional
display/keypad. See Table 3 on page 19 for available quantities and
Table 4 on page 19 for optional quantities.
NOTE
Only the quantities selected when ordering the device can be selected as
a display output quantity.
Using Display/Keypad
Use display/keypad to select the display output quantities.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Display.
Press ► arrow button to select Quantities.
Select the quantity by using the ▲▼ arrow buttons. Confirm the
selection by pressing SELECT. You can select 1 ... 3 display
quantities at a time.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
To select display units:
1.
2.
3.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Display.
Use the ▲▼arrow buttons to select Units. Confirm the selection
by pressing the right-hand arrow button.
92 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to select display units. Confirm the
selection by pressing CHANGE. The unit changes from metric to
non-metric or the other way round.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
4.
5.
NOTE
Changing the display quantities/units (by using the display/keypad) has
no effect on the serial output data.
Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command FORM to change the format, and the
command UNIT to select metric or non-metric output units.
FORM
Use the serial line command FORM to change the format or select a
certain quantities for the output commands SEND and R.
FORM [x]
where
x
=
Formatter string
The formatter string consists of quantities and modifiers. If no formatter
string is entered, the command will display the currently active formatter
string. Note that the hash symbol “#” is shown as a backslash “\” when
viewing the current formatter string.
Example:
>form
3.1 "RH=" RH " " U4 3.1 "T=" T
3.1 "Td=" Td " " U3 3.1 "a=" a
"Tw=" Tw " " U3 6.0 "H2O=" H2O
4.2 "pws=" pws " " U4 4.1 "h="
\r \n
>
"
"
"
h
"
"
"
"
U3 3.1 "Tdf=" Tdf
U7 4.1 "x=" x " "
U5 4.2 "pw=" pw "
" U7 3.1 "dT=" dT
" " U3
U6 3.1
" U4
" " U3
When entering the command, use the abbreviations of the quantities. For
more information on quantities, see Table 3 and Table 4 on page 19.
The modifiers are presented in Table 25 on page 94.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 93
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 25
Modifier
x.y
#t
#r
#n
“"
#xxx
U5
ADDR
ERR
STAT
SN
TIME
DATE
OK
CS2
CS4
CSX
A3H
FORM Command Modifiers
Description
Length modifier (number of digits and decimal places)
Tabulator
Carriage-return
Line feed
String constant
Special character, code "xxx" (decimal), for example
#027 for ESC
Unit field and length
Transmitter address with two characters [00...99]
Error flags for P, T, Ta, RH [0000 ... 1111], 0 = no error
Transmitter status in 7 character field, for example:
N
0
no heating
h 115
probe heating active, power 115/255
H 159.0
purge heating active, temperature 159ºC
S 115.0
purge cooling active, temperature 115ºC
X 95.0
sensor heating active, temperature 95ºC
Transmitter serial number
Time [hh:mm:ss]
Date [yyyy-mm-dd]
Pressure stability indicator, two characters [OK or " "]
Modulus-256 checksum of message sent so far, ascii
encoded hexadecimal notation
Modulus-65536 checksum of message sent so far, ascii
encoded hexadecimal notation
NMEA xor-checksum of message sent so far, ascii
encoded hexadecimal notation
Pressure tendency [* or 0...8]
Example:
>form "RH=" 4.2 rh U5 #t "T=" t U3 #r #n
OK
>send
RH= 16.03%RH
T= 74.66'F
>form "Tfrost=" tdf U3 #t "Temp=" t U3 #r#n
OK
>send
Tfrost=
36.0'C
Temp=
31.0'C
>
Command ‘FORM /’ will return the default output format. The default
output format depends on the device configuration.
>form /
OK
>send
RH= 98.4 %RH T= 31.1 'C
>
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
UNIT
Use the UNIT command to select metric or non-metric output units:
UNIT [x]
where
x
=
M or N
where
M =
N =
NOTE
Metric units
Non-metric units
This command changes both the serial output and display units to either
metric or non-metric units. When you want to output both metric and
non-metric units simultaneously on the display, select the display units
later by using the display/keypad.
Pressure Compensation Setting
The pressure has an effect on humidity calculations and accuracy.
Therefore, accurate calculations can be achieved only when the process
pressure is taken into consideration.
Note that conversions from mmHg and inHg are defined at 0°C and for
mmH2O and inH2O at 4°C.
NOTE
Pressure compensation is intended to be used in normal air only. When
measuring in other gases, please contact Vaisala for further information.
Using Display/Keypad
Use display/keypad to set the pressure compensation. To select the
pressure unit using display/keypad, see section Changing Quantities and
Units on page 92.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 95
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select Measuring and press the ►arrow button to confirm your
selection.
Select Pressure compensation and press the ►arrow button to
confirm you selection.
Press SET and enter the pressure value in the chosen unit by using
the arrow buttons.
Press OK and EXIT to return to the basic display.
Using Serial Line
PRES and XPRES
Command XPRES should be used if the value is changed frequently. Its
value is not retained at reset, and when set to 0; last value set with PRES
is used instead. Use the serial line and do the following:
PRES [aaaa.a]
XPRES [aaaa.a]
where
aaaa.a =Absolute process pressure (hPa)
Example:
>pres
Pressure
>pres 2000
Pressure
>
Table 26
: 1013.00 hPa ?
: 2000.00 hPa
Multiplication Factors
From
mbar
Pa N/m2
mmHg torr
inHg
mmH2O
inH2O
atm
at
bar
psia 1)
1) psia = psi absolute.
To: hPa
1
0.01
1.333224
33.86388
0.09806650
2.490889
1013.25
980.665
1000
68.94757
Example:
29.9213 inHg = 29.9213 × 33.86388 = 1013.25 hPa
96 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Date and Time
Using Display/Keypad
If the optional Data Logger Module is installed, you can change the time
and date using the display/keypad.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select System and press the ►arrow button to confirm your
selection.
Select Date and time and press the ►arrow button.
Press the SET button to enter the adjustment mode, and use the
arrow buttons to select and change the values.
You can also change the date and time formats that are shown in
the graphs. The selected formats are only used in graphical display,
they do not change the formats that are used in the serial
communication.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
Using Serial Line
To set time enter the TIME command. To set date enter the DATE
command.
TIME
DATE
These time and date settings are shown on the timestamps of PLAY
command. When you want to include time and date in the R and SEND
commands, use the FTIME and FDATE commands.
Example:
NOTE
>TIME
Time
: 13:42:49 ?
>DATE
Date
: 2007-05-31 ?
If the optional Data Logger Module is not installed, time and date are
cleared to 2000-01-01 00:00:00 at reset or at power failure.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 97
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
User Port Serial Settings
Using Display/Keypad
The communication settings for the user port can be changed via the
serial line or by using the optional display/keypad. The communication
settings for the service port are fixed and not changeable.
1.
2.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select Interfaces and press the ►arrow button to confirm your
selection.
3.
Select Serial interface and press the ►arrow button to confirm
your selection.
4.
Select Bit rate/Serial format/Comm. mode by pressing the
CHANGE button. Use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to select and press
SELECT to confirm your selection.
5.
If you selected RUN communication mode, select RUN interval for
and press SET to confirm your selection.
6.
Use the arrow buttons to set the measuring interval and the unit.
Press OK to confirm your settings.
7.
If you selected POLL communication mode, select POLL address
and press SET to confirm your selection.
8.
Use the arrow buttons to set the transmitter address. Press OK to
confirm the setting.
9.
Use the arrow buttons to select ECHO. Press ON to turn to it on.
Press OFF to turn it off.
10. Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
The new user port settings set using the display/keypad are effective
immediately.
98 __________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Using Serial Line
SERI
Use the serial line command SERI [b p d s] to set communication
settings for the user port.
SERI [b p d s]
where
b
=
p
d
s
=
=
=
Bit rate (110, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600,19200,
38400, 57600, 115200)
Parity (n = none, e = even, o = odd)
Data bits (7 or 8)
Stop bits (1 or 2)
Example:
>SERI 600 N 8 1
600 N 8 1
>
You need to reset the transmitter to activate the new communication
settings set with command SERI.
The settings can be changed one parameter at a time or all parameters at
once:
>SERI O
changing parity only
4800 O 7 1
>SERI 600 N 8 1 changing all parameters
600 N 8 1
>
SMODE
Use the command SMODE to set the user port start-up operating mode.
SMODE [xxxx]
where
xxx =
STOP, RUN or POLL
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 99
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 27
Mode
STOP
RUN
POLL
Selection of Output Modes
Output
Only with the SEND command
Automatic output
Only with the SEND [addr]
command
Available Commands
All (default mode)
Only command S
Use with RS-485 buses, see
Operation of the RS-485 Module
on page 120.
Selected output mode will be activated after power outages.
INTV
Use the command INTV to set the outputting interval for the RUN mode.
INTV [xxx yyy]
where
xxx =
yyy =
Output interval (0 ... 255). 0: the fastest possible output rate.
Unit (s, min or h)
Example:
>INTV 10 min
Output intrv. :
>
10 min
ECHO
Use the command ECHO to set the user port echo. The command either
enables or disables echo of characters received.
ECHO [x]
where
x
NOTE
=
=
ON (default) or
OFF
You can use the SERI, SMODE, INTV and ECHO commands to
change/view the user port settings even if you are currently connected to
the service port.
100 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Data Filtering
The averaging data filter calculates an average over a certain period of
time. The lowest measurement noise is achieved with the extended
filtering. There are three filtering levels available.
Table 28
Setting
OFF
ON (default)
EXTENDED
Filtering Levels
Filtering level
No filtering
Standard = short filtering (approximately 15 s moving
average)
Extended filtering (default: approximately 1 min
average)
Use display/keypad to set the filtering level.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select Measuring by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Filtering and press CHANGE to confirm your selection.
Select Off/Standard/Extended and press SELECT to confirm
your selection.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
FILT
Use the serial line command FILT [xxx] to set the filtering level.
FILT [xxx]
where
xxx =
OFF, ON or EXT (default = OFF)
Device Information
Use the display/keypad or the serial line to display the device
information.
Press the INFO button in the basic display to see the following
information:
- Current sensor operation (for example, chemical purge), if any, in
progress
- Present or past unacknowledged errors, if any
- Device information
- Adjustment information fed by the user
- Measuring settings
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 101
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
-
Information on chemical purge settings (when applicable)
Display Alarm settings
Serial interface information
Network settings and status of the LAN and WLAN interfaces
Analog output information
Relay output information (when applicable)
0706-002
Figure 59
Device Information on Display
Proceed in the information views by pressing the MORE button as many
times as you get the desired information. You can browse through the
information displays also with arrow buttons. Press OK to return to the
basic display.
?
Use the serial line command ? to check the current transmitter
configuration. Command ?? is similar but can also be used if the
transmitter is in POLL mode.
Example:
>?
HMT330 / 4.03
Serial number :
Batch number
:
Adjust. date
:
Adjust. info
:
Date
:
Time
:
Serial mode
:
Baud P D S
:
Output interval:
Address
:
Echo
:
Pressure
:
Filter
:
Ch1 output
:
Ch2 output
:
Ch1 RH
low :
Ch1 RH
high :
Ch2 T
low :
Ch2 T
high :
Module 1
:
Module 2
:
>
B2930015
B2350091
2006-07-19
Helsinki / FIN
2007-05-30
13:41:55
STOP
4800 E 7 1
0 s
0
ON
1013.25 hPa
OFF
4...20mA
4...20mA
0.00 %RH
100.00 %RH
-40.00 'C
60.00 'C
LOGGER-1
not installed
102 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
HELP
Use the command HELP to list the commands.
Example:
>help
?
ASCL
CRH
DELETE
ERRS
FST
MODS
R
TEST
WLAN
>
ACAL
ASEL
CT
DIR
FCRH
FTIME
NET
RESET
TIME
XPRES
ADDR
CDATE
CTA
DSEL
FDATE
HELP
OPEN
SEND
UNDELETE
AERR
CLOSE
CTEXT
DSEND
FILT
INTV
PLAY
SERI
UNIT
ALSEL
CODE
DATE
ECHO
FORM
ITEST
PRES
SMODE
VERS
ERRS
Use the command ERRS to display transmitter error messages, see Table
29 on page 134.
Example:
>ERRS
NO ERRORS
>
Example:
>ERRS
FAIL
Error: Temperature measurement malfunction
Error: Humidity sensor open circuit
>
VERS
Use the command VERS to display software version information.
Example:
>vers
HMT330 / 5.00
>
Resetting Transmitter Using Serial Line
RESET
This command resets the device. The user port switches to start-up output
mode selected with command SMODE.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 103
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Locking Menu/Keypad by Using Serial
Line
LOCK
Use the LOCK command to prevent the user from entering the menu
using the keypad, or to lock the keypad completely. You can optionally
set a 4-digit PIN code, for example 4444.
If a PIN code has been set, the user will be prompted to enter the code
when trying to access the menu. Entering the code correctly will disable
the lock until the user returns back to the basic view.
LOCK [x] [yyyy]
where
x
= Keypad locking level, range 0...2. The options are:
0 - No lock (enables full access)
1 - Menu locked, but graphs are accessible
2 - Keypad completely disabled
yyyy = 4-digit PIN code. The code can only be set when keypad
locking level is 1.
Examples:
>lock 1 4444
Keyboard lock
>
: 1 [4444]
>lock 1
Keyboard lock
>
: 1
Data Recording
Data recording function is always on and collects data automatically into
the memory of the device. If the optional data logger module is installed,
the transmitter uses it automatically. Recorded data does not disappear
from the memory when the power is switched off. Collected data can be
observed in a form of a graph in the graphical view of the display or it
can be listed out by using the serial line or MI70 Link program.
104 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Selecting Data Recording Quantities
If the device is provided with the optional display, the recorded quantities
are always those selected for the display. Up to three quantities can be
recorded at a time. For instructions on how to select the display quantities
with the keypad, see section Changing Quantities and Units on page 92.
DSEL
Use the serial line command DSEL to select the quantities to be recorded
if the transmitter is not equipped with display/keypad.
DSEL [xxx]
where
xxx =
Data recording quantity. See Table 3 on page 19 and Table 4
on page 19 for the quantities.
Example:
>dsel rh t tdf
RH T Tdf
>
Enter the command without parameters and press ENTER to display the
current recording parameters.
View Recorded Data
If the device is provided with the optional display, the graphical display
shows the data of the selected quantities, one at a time. See section
Graphic History on page 66 for details about graphical display.
You may also dump the logged data to the serial line in numeric form
with the following commands.
DIR
Use the serial line and enter the DIR command to check the available
files.
Without the data logger module, the device records six files (six
observation periods) for each selected quantity. The data logger raises the
number of recorded files to seven for each quantity. Thus, the total
amount of the files varies between 6 and 21. See Table 11 on page 67.
Select, for example, three quantities (RH, T, and Tdf). The last column
illustrates the number of data points that has been stored in the file.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 105
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Example (data logger module installed):
>dir
File
1 RH
2 RH
3 RH
4 RH
5 RH
6 RH
7 RH
8 T
9 T
10 T
11 T
12 T
13 T
14 T
15 Tdf
16 Tdf
17 Tdf
18 Tdf
19 Tdf
20 Tdf
21 Tdf
>
description
(10 s intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(12 d intervals)
(10 s intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(12 d intervals)
(10 s intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(12 d intervals)
Oldest data available
2007-05-30 08:26:50
2007-05-30 05:25:30
2007-05-29 05:48:00
2007-05-19 02:00:00
2007-03-23 12:00:00
2006-04-20 00:00:00
2002-12-16 00:00:00
2007-05-30 08:26:50
2007-05-30 05:25:30
2007-05-29 05:48:00
2007-05-19 02:00:00
2007-03-23 12:00:00
2006-04-20 00:00:00
2002-12-16 00:00:00
2007-05-30 08:26:50
2007-05-30 05:25:30
2007-05-29 05:48:00
2007-05-19 02:00:00
2007-03-23 12:00:00
2006-04-20 00:00:00
2002-12-16 00:00:00
No. of points
13996800
1555200
194400
19440
3240
540
135
13996800
1555200
194400
19440
3240
540
135
13996800
1555200
194400
19440
3240
540
135
Example (without data logger module):
>dir
File
1 RH
2 RH
3 RH
4 RH
5 RH
6 RH
7 T
8 T
9 T
10 T
11 T
12 T
13 Tdf
14 Tdf
15 Tdf
16 Tdf
17 Tdf
18 Tdf
>
description
(10 s intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(10 s intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(10 s intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
Oldest data available
2008-04-11 23:41:10
2008-04-11 20:41:11
2008-04-10 21:03:41
2008-03-31 18:03:41
2008-02-04 12:03:41
2007-03-04 00:03:41
2008-04-11 23:41:11
2008-04-11 20:41:11
2008-04-10 21:03:41
2008-03-31 18:03:41
2008-02-04 12:03:41
2007-03-04 00:03:41
2008-04-11 23:41:11
2008-04-11 20:41:11
2008-04-10 21:03:41
2008-03-31 18:03:41
2008-02-04 12:03:41
2007-03-04 00:03:41
No. of points
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
106 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
PLAY
Use the PLAY command to output the selected file to the serial line. If
the data logger module is installed, you can specify an interval to be
outputted.
Data in the output is <TAB> delimited. This is compatible with most
spreadsheet programs. Before giving the command, set the local date and
time with TIME and DATE commands, if needed.
PLAY [x] [start_date start_time end_date end_time]
where
x
start_date
start_time
end_date
end_time
= Number of the data file that will be outputted, range 0...21.
The numbers correspond to the output of the DIR command;
refer to the example on page 105.
Selecting number 0 will output all data files.
= Starting date of the interval to be outputted. Must be given in
the following format: yyyy-mm-dd
= Starting time of the interval to be outputted. Must be given in
the following format: hh:mm:ss
= Ending date of the interval to be outputted. Must be given in
the following format: yyyy-mm-dd
= Ending time of the interval to be outputted. Must be given in
the following format: hh:mm:ss
Example:
>play 3 2007-05-05 00:00:00 2007-05-06 00:00:00
RH
(12 min intervals) 2007-05-05 00:00:00 121
Date
Time
trend
min
max
yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss
%RH
%RH
%RH
2007-05-05 00:00:00 19.16
18.99
19.33
2007-05-05 00:12:00 19.30
19.09
19.55
2007-05-05 00:24:00 20.01
19.28
21.17
2007-05-05 00:36:00 21.21
20.98
21.44
2007-05-05 00:48:00 19.57
17.72
21.11
2007-05-05 01:00:00 19.09
18.62
19.84
...
The <ESC> key can be used to interrupt the output listing.
NOTE
Output of large amounts of recorded data can result in huge data files
and take a long time, up to several days for the entire memory of the
data logger at 10 second resolution. To make it easier to process the data
it is recommended to select the largest suitable data interval, and to
specify the start and end times carefully.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 107
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Deleting the Recorded Files
You can delete the recorded data files using the keypad/display, or the
DELETE command on the serial line. The deletion is always done for all
data; you cannot delete individual files.
Note that the transmitter automatically overwrites the old data when the
memory is full, so manual deletion of the recorded files is not necessary
in normal use.
To delete the data files using the keypad/display:
1.
2.
3.
CAUTION
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select System by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Clear graph memories by pressing the CLEAR button.
Press the YES button to confirm the selection.
This function clears the entire data history of the transmitter, including
all graphs and the content of the optional data logger module.
UNDELETE
Similarly to the DELETE command, the UNDELETE command is used
without any arguments. It will recover all deleted data that has not been
overwritten yet.
Analog Output Settings
The analog outputs are set in the factory according to the order form. In
case you want to change the settings, follow these instructions. See
section Third Analog Output on page 53.
Changing Output Mode and Range
Both output channels have their own DIP switch module with 8 switches;
see the position in Figure 2 on page 22 (DIP switches for analog output
settings).
1.
2.
Select the current/voltage output; switch ON either of the switches,
1 or 2.
Select the range; switch ON one of the switches from 3 to 7.
108 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
0503-045
Figure 60
Current/Voltage Switches of Output Modules
The following numbers refer to Figure 60 above:
NOTE
1
2
=
=
3
=
Current/voltage selection output switches (from 1 to 2)
Current/voltage range selection switches (from 3 to 7) in
analog output 1 and 2.
Switches for service use only. Keep in OFF position always.
Only one of the switches 1 or 2 must be ON at a time.
Only one of the switches 3 to 7 must be ON at a time.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 109
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Example: 0 ... 5 V voltage output selected for channel 1 and 4 ... 20 mA
selected for channel 2.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
NOTE
OFF
█
ON
Selection
█
Voltage output selected
█
0 ... 5 V selected
█
Current output selected
█
4 ... 20 mA selected
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
If you have customized the error output setting (AERR), check that the
set error values are still valid after changing the output mode/range, see
section Analog Output Fault Indication Setting on page 113.
Analog Output Quantities
Use the display/keypad to change and scale the analog output quantities.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select Interfaces by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Analog outputs by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Output 1/2/3 by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Quantity by pressing the ▲▼ arrow buttons. Confirm your
selection by pressing CHANGE.
Select the quantity by using the arrow buttons. Press SELECT to
confirm your selection.
Select Scale, lower limit, by pressing the ▲▼arrow buttons. Press
SET to confirm your selection. Press OK to confirm your setting.
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
8.
9.
Select the upper limit by pressing the ▲▼arrow buttons. Use the
arrow buttons to set the upper limit value. Press SET to confirm
your selection. Press OK to confirm your setting.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
AMODE/ASEL
Use the serial line to select and scale the analog output quantities.
Connect the transmitter to the PC. Open the terminal connection between
your PC and the transmitter.
1.
Check the analog output modes with the AMODE command.
Example:
>amode
Ch1 output
Ch2 output
>
: 0...1V
: 0...1V
2.
Select and scale the quantities for the analog outputs with the
command ASEL. Note that the optional quantities can be selected
only if they have been selected when ordering the device.
ASEL [xxx yyy zzz]
where
xxx =
yyy =
zzz =
Quantity of channel 1
Quantity of channel 2
Quantity of the optional analog output channel 3
Enter always all the quantities for all outputs. For quantities and their
abbreviations see Table 3 on page 19 and Table 4 on page 19.
Use the command ASEL [xxx yyy] as shown in the example below when
using a device with two analog outputs.
Example:
>asel rh t
Ch1 (RH ) low
Ch1 (RH ) high
Ch2 (T ) low
Ch2 (T ) high
>
:
:
:
:
0.00 %RH ? 0
100.00 %RH ? 100
-40.00 'C ? -50
60.00 'C ? 80
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Analog Output Tests
Use the display/keypad for testing to test the operation of the analog by
forcing the outputs to known values. Measure then the outputs with a
current/voltage meter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select System by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Diagnostics by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Analog output tests by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select one of the testing options Force 0%/50%/100% of scale.
Press TEST to confirm your selection. All outputs are tested
simultaneously. The actual output value depends on the selected
range.
Press OK to stop testing. Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
ITEST
Use the serial line to test the operation of the analog outputs. Use the
command ITEST to force the analog outputs to entered values. The set
values remain valid until you enter the command ITEST without
parameters or RESET the transmitter.
ITEST [aa.aaa bb.bbb]
where
aa.aaa = Current or voltage value to be set for channel 1 (mA or V)
bb.bbb = Current or voltage value to be set for channel 2 (mA or V)
Example:
>itest 20 5
Ch1 (Td )
Ch2 (T )
>itest
Ch1 (Td )
Ch2 (T )
>
:
:
:
:
*
*
-23.204 'C
22.889 'C
20.000 mA
5.000 mA
H'672A
H'34F9
16.238 mA
8.573 mA
H'FFFE
H'5950
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Analog Output Fault Indication Setting
Factory default state for analog outputs during error condition is 0 V/ 0
mA. Please be careful when selecting the new error value. The error state
of the transmitter should not cause unexpected problems in process
monitoring.
Use the display/keypad to set the analog output fault indication.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
Select Interfaces by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Analog Outputs by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Output 1/2/3 by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Fault indication. Press SET to confirm your selection. Enter
the fault indication value by using the arrow buttons. Press OK to
confirm your setting. This value is outputted if a transmitter error
occurs.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
AERR
Use the serial line AERR command to change the error output.
AERR
Example:
>aerr
Ch1 error out
Ch2 error out
>
: 0.000V ? 5.0
: 0.000V ? 5.0
NOTE
The error output value must be within a valid range of the output mode.
NOTE
The error output value is displayed only when there are minor electrical
faults such as humidity sensor damage. When there is a severe device
malfunction, the error output value is not necessarily shown.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 113
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Operation of Relays
Quantity for Relay Output
A relay monitors the quantity chosen for the relay output. Any of the
quantities available can be chosen.
Measurement-Based Relay Output
Modes
Relay Setpoints
When the measured value is in between the "above" and "below" values,
the relay is passive. When choosing lower value as "above" value and
higher value as "below" value, the relay is passive when the measured
value is not between the setpoints. You can also set only one setpoint.
See Figure 61 below for illustrative examples of the different
measurement-based relay output modes.
0610-076
Figure 61
Measurement-Based Relay Output Modes
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Mode 4 is usually used if an alarm needs to be triggered when the
measured value exceeds a safe range. The relay is active when
measurement is in range, and is released if the value goes out of range or
the measurement fails.
NOTE
If the measurement of the selected quantity fails or the transmitter loses
its power, the relay is released.
Hysteresis
Hysteresis function is to prevent the relay switching back and forth when
the measured value is near to the setpoint values.
Relay is activated when the measured value passes the exact value of the
setpoint. When returning and passing the setpoint again relay is not
released before the value reaches the setpoint increased/decreased by the
hysteresis value.
Hysteresis should be smaller than difference of the setpoints.
Example: When the 'active above' value is 60 %RH and the hysteresis
value is 5 %RH, relay activates when the relative humidity reaches 60
%RH. As the humidity decreases, relay releases at 55 %RH.
NOTE
If both setpoints are specified and "above" setpoint is lower than
"below" setpoint, the hysteresis works in the opposite direction, that is,
relay is released when the measured value passes the exact value of the
setpoint.
Relay Indicating Transmitter Error Status
You can set a relay to follow the operation status of the device. By
selecting FAULT/ONLINE STATUS for output quantity a relay changes
state on the basis of the operation status as follows:
FAULT STATUS
Normal operation: relay active (C and NO outputs are closed)
Not measuring state (error state or power off): relay released (C and NC
outputs are closed)
ONLINE STATUS
Live measurement (data available): relay active (C and NO outputs are
closed)
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
No live data (for example: error state, chemical purge or adjustment
mode): relay released (C and NC outputs are closed)
See Figure 62 below for illustrative examples of the FAULT/ONLINE
STATUSrelay output modes.
0610-077
Figure 62
FAULT/ONLINE STATUS Relay Output Modes
FAULT/ONLINE STATUS relays are usually used in conjunction with
an analog output to obtain validity information for the output value.
NOTE
If transmitter loses its power, all status-based relays are released
similarly to the case of an instrument failure.
Enabling/Disabling Relays
You can deactivate the relay outputs for example for service purposes of
your system.
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Setting Relay Outputs
NOTE
When having only one relay module installed, its relays are called 'relay
1' and 'relay 2'.
When having two relay modules, the relays of the module connected to
slot MODULE 1 are called 'relay 1' and relay 2' and relays connected to
slot MODULE 2 are called 'relay 3' and 'relay 4'
0706-003
Figure 63
Relay Indicators on Display
The following number refers to Figure 63 above:
1
=
Lists enabled relays. Activation state shown in black.
Disabled relays are not shown.
Use the display/keypad to set the relay outputs.
1.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the MAIN MENU.
2.
Select Interfaces, confirm by pressing the ►arrow button.
3.
Select Relay outputs, confirm by pressing the ►arrow button.
4.
Select Relay 1/2/3/4, confirm by pressing the ►arrow button.
5.
Select the Quantity, confirm by pressing Change. Select the
Quantity by using the arrow buttons. Confirm your selection by
pressing Select.
6.
Select Act. above / Act. below. Press SET to confirm your
selection. (If asked, select MODIFY if you want to set the setpoint
by using the arrow buttons. Select REMOVE if you want to
remove the setpoint.)
7.
Select Hysteresis by using the arrow buttons. Press SET to set the
hysteresis. Press OK.
8.
Select Relay enable by using the arrow buttons, press ON/OFF to
enable/disable the relay.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
RSEL
Use the serial line to select the quantity, setpoints and hysteresis or
enable/disable the relay outputs. Enter the RSEL command.
RSEL [q1 q2 q3 q4]
where
q1
q2
q3
q4
=
=
=
=
quantity for the relay 1 or Fault/Online
quantity for the relay 2 or Fault/Online
quantity for the relay 3 or Fault/Online
quantity for the relay 4 or Fault/Online
Factory setting: all relays disabled.
Use the quantity abbreviations presented above. See Table 3 on page 19
and Table 4 on page 19.
Example of window limit switch: Selecting relay 1 to follow
dewpoint/frost point temperature measurement and relay 2 to follow
temperature measurement. Two relay setpoints are set for both relays.
>rsel rh t
Rel1 RH
above:
Rel1 RH
below:
Rel1 RH
hyst :
Rel1 RH
enabl:
Rel2 T
above:
Rel2 T
below:
Rel2 T
hyst :
Rel2 T
enabl:
>
0.00 %RH ? 30
0.00 %RH ? 40
0.00 %RH ? 2
OFF ? ON
0.00 'C ? 30
0.00 'C ? 40
0.00 'C ? 3
OFF ? ON
Example of normal limit switch: Selecting relay 1 to follow relative
humidity, relay 2 to follow temperature, relay 3 to follow dewpoint and
relay 4 to follow dewpoint. One setpoint is chosen for all the outputs.
>rsel rh t td td
Rel1 RH
above:
Rel1 RH
below:
Rel1 RH
hyst :
Rel1 RH
enabl:
Rel2 T
above:
Rel2 T
below:
Rel2 T
hyst :
Rel2 T
enabl:
Rel3 Td
above:
Rel3 Td
below:
Rel3 Td
hyst :
Rel3 Td
enabl:
Rel4 Td
above:
Rel4 Td
below:
Rel4 Td
hyst :
Rel4 Td
enabl:
>
60.00 %RH ? 70
70.00 %RH ? 2.00 %RH ? 2
ON ? on
50.00 'C ? 60
40.00 'C ? 2.00 'C ? 2
ON ? on
5.00 'C ? 10
0.00 'C ? 1.00 'C ? 1
OFF ? on
0.00 'C ? 20
0.00 'C ? 0.00 'C ? 2
OFF ? on
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Example of using relay 1 as fault alarm: selecting relay 1 to follow the
fault status and relay 2 to follow the temperature measurement.
>rsel fault t
Rel1 FAUL above:
Rel1 FAUL below:
Rel1 FAUL hyst :
Rel1 FAUL enabl:
Rel2 T
above:
Rel2 T
below:
Rel2 T
hyst :
Rel2 T
enabl:
>
ON ?
0.00 'C ? 30
0.00 'C ? 0.00 'C ? 2
OFF ? ON
Testing Operation of Relays
Testing activates relays even if they are disabled.
Use the module push buttons to activate the relays. Press the REL 1 or
REL 2 button to activate the corresponding relay.
Relay is activated:
Relay is not activated:
led is lit
led is not lit
Use the display/keypad to test the operation of relays.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the MAIN MENU by pressing any of the arrow buttons.
Select System, press the ►arrow button.
Select Diagnostics, press the ►arrow button.
Select Relay tests, press the ►arrow button.
Select Invert relay 1... , press TEST. Now the selected relay
output is forced to opposite state. Press OK to return to normal
operation.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
6.
RTEST
Use the serial line command RTEST to test the operation of the relays.
RTEST [x1 x2 x3 x4]
where
x
=
ON/OFF
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Example: Activate and then release all four relays.
>rtest on on on on
ON ON ON ON
>
>rtest off off off off
OFF OFF OFF OFF
>
Enter the command RTEST without parameters to stop testing.
Operation of the RS-485 Module
The RS-485 interface enables communication between RS-485 network
and HMT330 transmitter. The RS-485 interface is isolated and offers a
maximum communications rate of 115 200 bits/s. (For maximum bus
length of 1 km, use bit rate 19200 b/s or less.)
When selecting an RS-232-RS-485 converter for the network, avoid self
powered converters as they don't necessarily support the needed power
consumption.
Echo function shall be always disabled (OFF) when using the 2-wire
connection. When using the 4-wire connection you can disable/enable the
echo setting.
NOTE
User port on HMT330 main board cannot be used and connected when
RS-485 module is connected. Service port is operating normally.
Networking Commands
Set the RS-422/485 interface by using the following commands. The
other serial line commands are presented in section List of Serial
Commands on page 87.
RS-485 configuration commands SERI; ECHO; SMODE; INTV and
ADDR may be entered by using either the service port or RS-422/485
port. Also the optional display/keypad can be used, see section User Port
Serial Settings on page 98.
SDELAY
With the SDELAY command you can set delay (response time) for user
port (RS232 or RS485), or view currently set delay value. Value
corresponds to tens of milliseconds (eg. 5 = 0.050s minimum answer
delay). The value can be set between 0...254.
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Example:
>sdelay
Serial delay
: 0 ? 10
>sdelay
Serial delay
: 10 ?
SERI
Use the SERI command to input RS-485 bus settings.
SERI [b p d s]
where
b
=
p
d
s
=
=
=
bit rate (300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200)
parity (n = none, e = even, o = odd)
data bits (7 or 8)
stop bits (1 or 2)
ECHO
Use the ECHO command to enable/disable echo of characters received
over the serial line.
ECHO [x]
where
x
=
ON/OFF (default = OFF)
When using 2-wire connection, echo must be always disabled.
SMODE
Use the SMODE command to set the default serial interface mode.
SMODE [xxxx]
where
xxxx = STOP, RUN or POLL
In STOP mode: measurements output only by command SEND, all
commands can be used
In RUN mode:
outputting automatically, only command S can be
used to stop.
In POLL mode: measurements output only with command SEND
[addr].
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
When several transmitters are connected to the same line, each
transmitter must be entered an own address in the initial configuration,
and POLL mode must be used.
INTV
Use the INTV command to set the RUN mode output interval.
INTV [n xxx]
where
n =
xxx =
1 - 255
S, MIN or H
This command sets the RUN mode output interval. The time interval is
used only when the RUN mode is active. For example, the output interval
is set to 10 minutes.
>INTV 10 min
Output intrv.
>
:
10 min
Setting RUN output interval to zero enables the fastest possible output
rate.
ADDR
Addresses are required only for POLL mode (see serial line command
SMODE on page 99). Use the ADDR command to input the RS-485
transmitter address.
OPEN [aa]
where
aa =
address (0 ... 99) (default = 0)
Example: the transmitter is configured to address 99.
>ADDR
Address : 2 ?
>
99
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
SEND
Use the SEND command to output the reading once in POLL mode:
SEND [aa]
where
aa =
address of the transmitter
OPEN
When all transmitters on the RS-485 bus are in POLL mode the OPEN
command sets one transmitter temporarily to STOP mode so that other
commands can be entered.
OPEN [aa]
where
aa =
address of the transmitter (0 ... 99)
CLOSE
The CLOSE command switches the transmitter back to the POLL mode.
Example:
>OPEN 2
(opens the line to transmitter 2, other
transmitters stay in POLL mode)
>CRH
...
>CLOSE
(for example, calibration performed)
(line closed)
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Sensor Functions
Chemical Purge (Optional)
In some specific applications the sensor gain may decrease gradually due
to an interference caused by a particular chemical present in the
measured gas, for example. The decrease of sensor gain due to an
interfering chemical and the effect of the chemical purge process are
illustrated below, see Figure 64 below. The sensor polymer absorbs the
interfering chemical; and this reduces the ability of the polymer to absorb
water molecules and consequently the sensor gain decreases. In chemical
purge, heating the humidity sensor to a temperature level of
approximately +160 °C for several minutes evaporates the interfering
chemical.
The purge function starts with heating stage, continues with settling and
when the temperature of the sensor is decreased the transmitter returns to
normal mode. The whole cycle takes about 6 minutes.
NOTE
Chemical purge function locks the output values for about 6 minutes.
0508-035
Figure 64
Decrease of Sensor Gain
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
Before starting the chemical purge note the following:
- The sensor is protected with a PPS grid with stainless steel netting, a
stainless steel sintered filter or with membrane SST filter.
- The sensor temperature must be below 100 °C. At higher temperatures
the chemicals evaporate spontaneously from the sensor and the
chemical purge is not necessary.
Automatic Chemical Purge (Interval Purge)
When HMT330 leaves the factory the automatic chemical purge (if
chosen) takes place repeatedly with the time intervals set in the factory.
User can change the interval in which the purge takes place by using
serial commands or with the optional display/keypad. This can be needed
if the measuring environment contains high concentrations of interfering
chemicals. The automatic chemical purge can also be turned off if
necessary.
Manual Chemical Purge
The chemical purge should be performed always before calibration (see
section Calibration and Adjustment on page 137) or when there is a
reason to believe that a sensor has become exposed to an interfering
chemical. Make sure that the temperature of the sensor has come down to
normal temperature before starting a calibration.
Chemical Purge in Power Up
Chemical purge (start-up purge) can be set to start within 10 seconds
from the power-up of the device.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 125
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Starting and Configuring Chemical Purge
Using Buttons on Motherboard
Start manual chemical purge by pressing simultaneously two PURGE
buttons on the motherboard inside the transmitter for a few seconds.
Indicator led flashes until purge is complete (up to 6 minutes).
0508-011
Figure 65
Purge Buttons on Motherboard
Using Display/Keypad (Optional)
Set the automatic and manual chemical purge by using the
display/keypad.
1.
Open the MAIN MENU by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow buttons.
2.
Select ►Measuring, press ►button.
3.
Select ►Chemical purge, press ► button.
0706-006
Figure 66
Chemical Purge Settings
-
Turn on/off the automatic purge by selecting Automatic purge,
press ►ON/OFF button.
-
Set the automatic purge interval by selecting Interval: ..., press
SET. Set the purge interval and the unit (hour/day) by using the
arrow buttons. The interval must be 1 hour ... 10 days. Press OK.
-
Select Start-up purge by using the arrow buttons. Press On/Off to
turn the start-up purge on/off.
-
Start manual purge by selecting Manual purge and pressing
START.
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
4.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
0706-004
Figure 67
Performing Chemical Purge
Using Serial Line
PURGE
Enter the PURGE command to start chemical purge immediately.
>purge
Purge started, press any key to abort.
>
The prompt '>' appears when the heating period is over. However, the
transmitter outputs are locked to the values measured before performing
chemical purge until the settling time is over.
With PUR command you can enable or disable automatic and power-up
chemical purge and set the interval for automatic purge. If the sensor is
exposed to chemicals it is recommended to have the chemical purge done
at least once in 720 min (=12 hours). In applications where the chemical
exposure is not likely, the interval can be longer.
It is not recommended to change duration, settling, temperature or
temperature difference.
PUR
Type PUR and press ENTER to proceed. The maximum interval is
14400 minutes (=10 days).
Example:
>pur
Interval Purge
Interval
Power-up Purge
Duration
Settling
Temperature
Temp. diff.
>
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
OFF
720
OFF
120
240
160
0.5
?
min ?
?
s ?
s ?
'C ?
'C ?
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 127
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
To activate the new interval settings immediately, reset the transmitter.
NOTE
When chemical purge in power-up is enabled, wait about 6 min after
power-up before taking measurements. The output channels are locked
for the first operation minutes to the initial measured values
Sensor Heating
This function is optionally available only in transmitters with
HUMICAP®180C or HUMICAP®180RC sensor. It should be used only
with the warmed probe.
The sensor heating is recommended for the high humidity environments
where even a small temperature differences can cause water to condense
on the sensor. The sensor heating speeds up the recovery of the humidity
sensor from condensation.
Sensor heating starts-up when the relative humidity of the measuring
environment reaches the RH-value set by a user (RH-limit). The user can
define the RH-sensor heating temperature as well as the duration of the
heating.
After the heating cycle the humidity conditions are checked and new
sensor heating is performed if the predefined conditions are reached
again.
NOTE
During the sensor heating the outputs are locked to the values measured
before the heating cycle.
Setting Humidity Sensor Heating
When the HMT330 leaves the factory the sensor heating follows the
factory default values. You can enable/disable the function, change the
RH-limit and define the heating temperature and duration of this
function.
XHEAT
Enables/disables the sensor heating.
XHEAT [xx]
where:
xx =
ON / OFF
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Chapter 4 ________________________________________________________________ Operation
>xheat on
Extra heat
>xheat off
Extra heat
>
: ON
: OFF
To configure the sensor heating use the XHEAT command without
parameters. Enter the values after question mark. The available ranges
include the following:
Extra heat RH -limit (heating
function starts-up above the
setpoint)
Extra heating temperature
Extra heating time
0 ... 100 %RH (default: 95 %RH)
0 ... 200 ºC (default: 100 ºC)
0 ... 255 s (default: 30 s)
Example:
>xheat
Extra heat
:
Extra heat RH :
Extra heat temp:
Extra heat time:
>xheat on
Extra heat
:
>
OFF
95 ? 90
100 ? 85
30 ? 10
ON
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Chapter 5 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
CHAPTER 5
MAINTENANCE
This chapter contains information that is needed in basic maintenance of
the product.
Periodic Maintenance
Cleaning
Clean the transmitter enclosure with a soft, lint-free cloth moistened with
mild detergent.
Changing the Probe Filter
1.
2.
Turn the filter counter-clockwise to loosen it.
Remove the filter from the probe. Be careful not to touch the sensor
with the filter. Without the filter in place, the sensor is easily
damaged – handle the probe carefully.
3.
Install a new filter on the probe. When using the stainless steel
filter (for fuel cell applications), take care to tighten the filter
properly (recommended force 5 Nm).
New filters can be ordered from Vaisala, see section Options and
Accessories on page 155.
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User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Changing the Sensor
The user can change the HUMICAP180 and HUMICAP180R sensors. If
the transmitter has the chemical purge and/or warmed probe option
(which utilize the HUMICAP180C or HUMICAP180RC sensor), the
sensor cannot be changed by the user.
Changing the sensor should be considered corrective maintenance, and it
is not necessary in normal operation. If the accuracy of the transmitter
does not seem to be within specification, it is more likely that the
transmitter is in need of calibration and adjustment, and not sensor
replacement. Refer to chapter Calibration and Adjustment on page 137.
NOTE
When replacing the sensor, the new sensor must be of the same type as
the old sensor (for example, HUMICAP180R). The sensor type can only
be changed at a Vaisala Service Center.
1.
Remove the filter from the probe. See the instructions in section
Changing the Probe Filter on page 131.
Remove the damaged sensor and insert a new one. Handle the new
sensor by the plastic socket. DO NOT TOUCH THE SENSOR
PLATE.
Perform a calibration and adjustment as instructed in section
Relative Humidity Adjustment after Sensor Change on page 142.
Attach a new filter on the probe. When using the stainless steel
filter, take care to tighten the filter properly (recommended force
5 Nm).
2.
3.
4.
0508-079
Figure 68
Changing the Sensor
The following numbers refer to Figure 68 above:
1
2
=
=
Pull out the sensor
Plastic socket
132 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 5 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Error States
In error state the quantity is not measured and the output is shown as
follows:
- Analog channel outputs 0 mA or 0 V (you can use the serial line
command AERR or display/keypad to change this fault indication
value, see section Analog Output Fault Indication Setting on page
113.)
- The serial port outputs stars (***)
- The cover LED is blinking
- Optional display: error indicator is lit.
0706-008
Figure 69
Error Indicator and Error Message
The following number refers to Figure 69 above:
1
= Error Indicator
The error indicator disappears when the error state is over and you have
checked the error message. Press the INFO button to display the error
message.
You can also check the error message via the serial interface by using the
command ERRS. In case of constant error, please contact Vaisala, see
Vaisala Service Centers on page 136.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 133
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 29
Error Messages
Error Code Error Message
0
Humidity sensor
measurement malfunction.
1
Humidity sensor short circuit
2
Humidity sensor open circuit
3
Temperature sensor open
circuit.
Temperature sensor short
circuit.
4
5
Temperature measurement
malfunction
6
Temperature sensor current
leak.
7
Internal ADC read error
8
Additional temperature
sensor short circuit
9
Checksum error in the
internal configuration
memory
Internal EEPROM read
error
10
11
Internal EEPROM write
error
12 … 13
Add-on module 1 (or 2)
connection failure
Device internal temperature
out of range
Operating voltage out of
range
Internal ADC reference
voltage out of range
14
15
18
19
20 … 23
24 … 25
26
Internal analog output
reference voltage out of
range
Configuration switches for
analog output 1/2/3 set
incorrectly
EEPROM failure on add-on
module 1 (or 2)
Communication module
installed in incorrect add-on
module slot
Action
Check the integrity of the humidity probe and
the probe cable. Clean the probe from dirt,
water, ice or other contaminants.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe and
the probe cable. Clean the probe from dirt,
water, ice or other contaminants.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe and
the probe cable.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe and
the probe cable.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe and
the probe cable. Clean the probe from dirt
water, ice or other contaminants.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe and
the probe cable. Clean the probe from dirt
water, ice or other contaminants.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe and
the probe cables. Clean the probes from dirt,
water, ice or other contaminants.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Check the integrity of the temperature probe
and the probe cable. Clean the probe cable
from dirt, water, ice or other contaminants.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Turn off the power and check the module
connection. Turn on the power.
Ensure that the operating temperature is within
the valid range.
Ensure that the operating voltage is within the
valid range.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Check and re-set the switches, see page 54.
Disconnect the power and check the analog
output module connection.
Disconnect the power and change the
communication module to another module slot.
134 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 5 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Error Code Error Message
28 … 29
Unknown/incompatible
module installed in add-on
module slot 1 (or 2)
30
Internal analog voltage out
of range
31
Internal system voltage out
of range
Action
Ensure that the module is compatible with the
HMT330.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to Vaisala
Service.
Technical Support
For technical questions, contact the Vaisala technical support:
E-mail
helpdesk@vaisala.com
Fax
+358 9 8949 2790
Return Instructions
If the product needs repair, please follow the instructions below to speed
up the process and to avoid extra costs to you.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Read the section Warranty on page 18.
Contact a Vaisala Service Center or a local Vaisala representative.
The latest contact information and instructions are available from
www.vaisala.com. Addresses of the Service Centers are provided
in section Vaisala Service Centers on page 136.
Please have the following information on hand:
- serial number of the unit
- date and place of purchase or last calibration
- description of the fault
- circumstances in which the fault occurs/occurred
- name and contact information of a technically competent
person who can provide further information on the problem
Pack the faulty product in a strong box of adequate size, with
proper cushioning material to avoid damage.
Include the information specified in step 2 in the box with the
faulty product. Also include a detailed return address.
Ship the box to the address specified by your Vaisala contact.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 135
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Vaisala Service Centers
Vaisala Service Centers perform calibrations and adjustments as well as
repair and spare part services. See contact information below.
Vaisala Service Centers also offer accredited calibrations, maintenance
contracts, and a calibration reminder program. Do not hesitate to contact
them to get further information.
136 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 6 ___________________________________________________Calibration and Adjustment
CHAPTER 6
CALIBRATION AND ADJUSTMENT
The HMT330 is fully calibrated and adjusted as shipped from factory.
Typical calibration interval is one year. Depending on the application it
may be good to make more frequent checks. Calibration must be done
always when there is a reason to believe that the device is not within the
accuracy specifications.
It is recommended that calibration and adjustment should be carried out
by Vaisala. See section Vaisala Service Centers on page 136.
Calibration and adjustment is carried out either by using the push-keys on
the motherboard, through the serial port or with the optional
display/keypad.
(Vaisala portable instruments HM70 and HMI41 can also be used).
Opening and Closing the Adjustment Mode
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open the transmitter cover. The buttons needed in adjustment are
on the left-hand side of the motherboard.
If the chemical purge option is available, it should be carried out
always before calibration. To start chemical purge press
simultaneously two PURGE push-keys (on the motherboard) for a
few seconds. Red indicator led flashes with short pulses until purge
is complete (up to 6 minutes).
Press the ADJ key to open the adjustment mode.
Press the ADJ key again to close the adjustment mode.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 137
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0508-013
Figure 70
Adjustment and Purge Buttons
The following numbers refer to Figure 70 above:
1
2
3
=
=
=
Indicator led
Adjustment button
Press the purge buttons simultaneously to start chemical
purge (if available)
Adjustment menu is displayed only when ADJ button (on the
motherboard inside the transmitter) is pressed.
0706-007
Figure 71
Adjustment Menu
Table 30
Indicator Led Functions
Indicator Led Function
LED off
LED on
LED blinking evenly
LED blinking with short pulses
Description
adjustment locked
adjustment available
measurement not stabilized
performing chemical purge
NOTE
If using a warmed probe (HMT337 option), probe heating will be
interrupted when ADJ key is pressed. Allow sufficient time for the
probe to reach ambient temperature before starting the adjustment
procedure.
NOTE
Fixed pressure compensation value of 1013.25 hPa is used when in
adjustment mode
138 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 6 ___________________________________________________Calibration and Adjustment
Relative Humidity Adjustment
Using Push-Buttons
A simple push-button adjustment is carried out by using two relative
humidity references: 11 % RH (LiCl) and 75 % RH (NaCl).
1.
Carry out the chemical purge (if available).
LiCl reference
2.
Press the ADJ button (see Figure 70 on page 138) on the
motherboard to open the adjustment mode. The indicator led starts
flashing.
3.
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe into a
measurement hole of the 11 % RH (LiCl) in the humidity calibrator
HMK15. Use the adapter fitting for the probes of HMT334,
HMT335, HMT337 and HMT338.
4.
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize (the indicator led
is lit continuously). Adjustment cannot be done if the conditions
are not stabilized (indicator led is flashing).
5.
When the indicator led is lit continuously, press the button LiCl~11%
to adjust the 11 % RH condition. After adjustment transmitter
returns to normal operation mode (indicator LED is unlit).
NaCl reference
6.
7.
8.
9.
When adjusting in the second reference 75 % RH, press the ADJ
button to open the adjustment mode. The indicator led starts
flashing.
Insert the probe into a measurement hole of the 75 % RH (NaCl)
reference chamber of the humidity calibrator HMK15. Use the
adapter fitting for the probes of HMT334, HMT335, HMT337 and
HMT338.
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize (the indicator led
is lit continuously). Adjustment cannot be done if the conditions
are not stabilized (indicator led is flashing).
Press the button NaCl 75 % to adjust the 75 % RH condition. After
adjustment transmitter returns to normal operation mode (indicator
led is unlit).
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 139
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Using Display/Keypad
Note that the difference between the two humidity references must be at
least 50% RH.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Carry out the chemical purge (if available).
Press the ADJ button (opens the ADJUSTMENT MENU).
Select Adjust RH measurement, press ► button.
Select 1-point/ 2-point adjustment, press. Press START.
Select the reference as guided by the display, press SELECT.
0706-005
Figure 72
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Selecting Point 1 Reference Type
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe into a
measurement hole of the dry end reference chamber (for example,
LiCl: 11 % RH in the humidity calibrator HMK15.) Use the adapter
fitting for the probes of HMT334, HMT335, HMT337 and
HMT338.
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize. Follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display.
Press READY when stabilized. If you have chosen the Other
reference value, enter now the reference value by using the arrow
buttons.
When carrying out the 2-point adjustment proceed to the next
adjustment point and carry out the procedure as described in the
previous items.
Answer YES to confirm the adjustment. Press OK to return to the
adjustment menu.
Press EXIT to close the adjustment mode and return to the basic
display. Before closing the adjustment mode, feed the adjustment
information into the device, see section Feeding Adjustment
Information on page 146.
140 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 6 ___________________________________________________Calibration and Adjustment
Using Serial Line
Note that the difference between the two humidity references must be at
least 50% RH.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Connect the HMT330 to a PC. See section Serial Line
Communication on page 73. Open a terminal program.
Carry out the chemical purge (if available).
Press the ADJ button.
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe into a
measurement hole of the dry end reference chamber (for example,
LiCl: 11 % RH in the humidity calibrator HMK15). Use the adapter
fitting for the probes of HMT334, HMT335, HMT337 and
HMT338.
Enter the CRH command and press ENTER.
CRH
6.
7.
8.
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize.
Type C and press ENTER a few times to check if the reading is
stabilized.
When the reading is stabilized, give the reference humidity after
the question mark and press ENTER.
>crh
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? 11.3
Press any key when ready ...
9.
10.
11.
Now the device is waiting for the high end reference. Insert the
probe into the measurement hole of the high end reference chamber
(for example, NaCl: 75 % RH chamber in the humidity calibrator
HMK15). Use the adapter fitting for the HMT334, HMT335,
HMT337 and HMT338 probes. Press any key when ready.
Let the probe stabilize for about 30 minutes. You can follow the
stabilization by typing C and pressing ENTER.
When stabilized, type the high end reference value after the
question mark and press ENTER.
>crh
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? 11.3
Press any key when ready ...
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 141
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
RH
RH
RH
RH
OK
>
12.
13.
14.
:
:
:
:
75.45
75.57
75.55
75.59
Ref2
Ref2
Ref2
Ref2
?
?
?
?
c
c
c
75.5
indicates that the adjustment has succeeded and the new
calibration coefficients are calculated and stored. Enter the
adjustment information (date and text) to the memory of the
transmitter; see the commands CTEXT and CDATE.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to close the adjustment
mode.
Take the probe out of the reference conditions and replace the
filter.
OK
Relative Humidity Adjustment after Sensor
Change
Using Display/Keypad
When using the optional display/keypad, follow the instructions on Using
Display/Keypad on page 140 but select Adj. for new RH sensor
(instead of 1-point/ 2-point adjustment).
Using Serial Line
After sensor change, carry out the procedure as described in previous
sections. Just replace the CRH command with the FCRH command.
FCRH
Example:
>FCRH
RH
:
1.82 1. ref
?
Press any key when ready...
RH
:
74.22
2. ref
OK
>
0
? 75
The OK indicates that the calibration has succeeded.
142 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 6 ___________________________________________________Calibration and Adjustment
Temperature Adjustment
Using Display/Keypad
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to open the
ADJUSTMENT MENU. If using a warmed probe for measuring,
probe heating will be interrupted when ADJ key is pressed. Wait
some time for the probe to reach ambient temperature.
Select ►Adjust T measurement, press ►key.
Select 1-point/ 2-point adjustment, press. Press START.
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe into the
reference temperature.
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize. Follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display.
Press READY when stabilized. Give the reference temperature by
using the arrow buttons.
When carrying out the 2-point adjustment proceed to the next
adjustment point and carry out the procedure as described in the
previous item. Please, note that the difference between the two
temperature references must be at least 30 ºC.
Press OK. Press YES to confirm the adjustment.
Press OK to return to the adjustment menu.
Press EXIT to close the adjustment mode and return to the basic
display.
Using Serial Line
1.
2.
3.
Press the ADJ key on the motherboard to open the adjustment
mode. If using a warmed probe for measuring, probe heating will
be interrupted when ADJ key is pressed. Wait some time for the
probe to reach ambient temperature.
Remove the probe filter and insert the probe into the reference
temperature.
Enter the command CT or (CTA for additional T probe) and press
ENTER.
CT
or for additional T probe:
CTA
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 143
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
4.
Type C and press ENTER a few times to check if the reading is
stabilized. Let the reading stabilize, give the reference temperature
after the question mark and press ENTER three times.
When using two reference temperatures (2-point calibration) press
ENTER only twice and insert the probe to the second reference.
When the reading is stabilized, give the second reference
temperature after the question mark and press ENTER. Please,
note that the difference between the two temperature references
must be at least 30 ºC.
Example (1-point adjustment):
>ct
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? 16.0
Press any key when ready ...
T
:
16.06 Ref2 ?
OK
>
5.
6.
7.
OK indicates that the calibration has succeeded. Enter the
calibration information (date and text) to the transmitter's memory;
see the serial commands CTEXT and CDATE.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to close the adjustment
mode.
Take the probe out of the reference conditions and replace the
filter.
144 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 6 ___________________________________________________Calibration and Adjustment
Analog Output Adjustment
In the analog output calibration the analog output is forced to the
following values:
- Current output: 2 mA and 18 mA
- Voltage output: 10 % and 90 % of the range
Connect HMT330 to a calibrated current/voltage meter in order to
measure either current or voltage depending on the selected output type.
Using Display/Keypad
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the ADJ button to open the ADJUSTMENT MENU.
Select Adjust analog outputs, press ► button.
Select the output to be adjusted Adjust analog output 1/2, press
START.
Measure the first analog output value with a multimeter. Give the
measured value by using the arrow buttons. Press OK.
Measure the second analog output value with a multimeter. Give
the measured value by using the arrow buttons. Press OK.
Press OK to return to the adjustment menu.
Press EXIT to close the adjustment mode and to return to the basic
display.
Using Serial Line
Enter the ACAL command and type the multimeter reading for each
case. Continue by pressing ENTER.
ACAL
Example (current outputs):
>ACAL
Ch1
Ch1
Ch2
Ch2
>
I1
I2
I1
I2
(mA)
(mA)
(mA)
(mA)
?
?
?
?
2.046
18.087
2.036
18.071
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 145
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Feeding Adjustment Information
This information is shown on the device information fields (see section
Device Information on page 101.)
Using Display/Keypad
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If you are not in the adjustment menu, press the ADJ button on the
motherboard (opens the ADJUSTMENT MENU).
Select Adjustment info, press the ► button.
Select Date, press SET. Give the date by using the arrow buttons.
Press OK.
Select i, press SET. Enter information text including 17 characters
at maximum by using the arrow buttons. Press OK.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
Using Serial Line
CTEXT
Use the CTEXT command to enter text to the adjustment information
field.
Example:
>ctext
Adjust. info
>
: (not set) ? HMK15
CDATE
Use the CDATE command to enter date to adjustment information field.
Set the adjustment date in format YYYY-MM-DD.
Example.
>cdate
Adjust. date
>
: (not set) ? 2004-05-21
146 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
CHAPTER 7
TECHNICAL DATA
This chapter provides the technical data of the product.
Specifications
Performance
Relative Humidity
Measurement range
0 ... 100 %RH
Accuracy (including non-linearity, hysteresis and repeatability)
with
HUMICAP®180
HUMICAP®180R
HUMICAP®180C
HUMICAP®180RC
at +15 ... 25 °C
at -20 ... +40 °C
at -40 ... + 180 °C
for typical applications
for typical applications
for applications with chemical purge and/or
warmed probe
for applications with chemical purge and/or
warmed probe
± 1 % RH (0 ... 90 % RH)
± 1.7 % RH (90 ... 100 %RH)
± (1.0 + 0.008 × reading) % RH
± (1.5 + 0.015 × reading) % RH
Factory calibration uncertainty (+20 °C)
±0.6 % RH (0 ... 40 % RH)
±1.0 % RH (40 ... 97 % RH)
(Defined as ± 2 standard deviation limits.
Small variations possible, see also calibration
certificate.)
Response time (90 %) for HUMICAP®180 and HUMICAP®180C in still air
8 s with grid filter
20 s with grid + steel netting filter
40 s with sintered filter
Response time (90 %) for HUMICAP®180R and HUMICAP®180RC
at 20 °C in 0.1 m/s air flow
17 s with grid filter
50 s with grid + steel netting filter
60 s with sintered filter
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 147
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Temperature (+ Operating Pressure Ranges)
HMT331
HMT333 80 ºC
HMT333 120 ºC
HMT334
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... +140 °F)
-40 ... +80 °C (-40 ... +176 °F)
-40 ... +120 °C (-40 ... +248 °F)
-70 ... +180 °C (-94 ... +356 °F),
0 ... 10 MPa (0 ... 100 bar)
-70 ... +180 °C (-94 ... +356 °F)
-70 ... +180 °C (-94 ... +356 °F)
-70 ... +180 °C (-94 ... +356 °F),
0 ... 4 MPa (0 ... 40 bar)
HMT335 (vapor tight)
HMT337 (vapor tight)
HMT338
Accuracy at +20 °C (+68 °F)
± 0.2 °C
Accuracy over temperature range (see graph below):
 °C
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
°C
0
-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
-0.6
-0.7
-80
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
0507-021
Figure 73
Accuracy over Temperature Range
Temperature sensor
Pt 100 RTD 1/3 Class B IEC 751
Optional Temperature Probe
Temperature measurement
range:
Typical accuracy:
Sensor:
Cable length:
Pressure tight:
Probe material:
-70 ... + 180 ºC (-94 ... +356 ºF)
0.1 ºC (0.18 ºF)
Pt100 PRT DIN IEC 751 class 1/4 B
2 m, 5 m, and 10 m
up to 7 bar
stainless steel
148 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Calculated Variables
Table 31
Calculated Variables (Typical Ranges)
Variable
HMT331 probe
HMT333 probe
Dewpoint temperature
Mixing ratio
Absolute humidity
Wet bulb temperature
Enthalpy
Water vapor pressure
-20 ... +60 ºC
0 ... 160 g/kg dry air
0 ... 160 g/m3
0 ... 60 ºC
-40 ... +1500 kJ/kg
0 ... 1000 hPa
-20 ... +80 ºC
0 ... 500 g/kg dry air
0 ... 500 g/m3
0 ... +100 ºC
-40 ... +1500 kJ/kg
0 ... 1000 hPa
HMT334/335/337/338
probes
-20 ... +100 ºC
0 ... 500 g/kg dry air
0 ... 500 g/m3
0 ... +100 ºC
-40 ... +1500 kJ/kg
0 ... 1000 hPa
Accuracies of Calculated Variables
Accuracies of the calculated variables depend on the calibration accuracy
of the humidity and temperature sensors; here the accuracies are given
for ± 2 %RH and ± 0.2 °C.
Accuracy of Dewpoint Temperature °C
Temp.
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Relative humidity
10
20
30
1.86 1.03
0.76
2.18 1.19
0.88
2.51 1.37
1.00
2.87 1.56
1.13
3.24 1.76
1.27
3.60 1.96
1.42
4.01 2.18
1.58
4.42 2.41
1.74
4.86 2.66
1.92
5.31 2.91
2.10
5.80 3.18
2.30
40
0.63
0.72
0.81
0.92
1.03
1.14
1.27
1.40
1.54
1.69
1.85
50
0.55
0.62
0.70
0.79
0.88
0.97
1.08
1.19
1.31
1.44
1.57
60
0.50
0.56
0.63
0.70
0.78
0.86
0.95
1.05
1.16
1.26
1.38
70
0.46
0.51
0.57
0.64
0.71
0.78
0.86
0.95
1.04
1.14
1.24
80
0.43
0.48
0.53
0.59
0.65
0.72
0.79
0.87
0.96
1.05
1.14
90
—
—
0.50
0.55
0.61
0.67
0.74
0.81
0.89
0.97
1.06
100
—
—
0.48
0.53
0.58
0.64
0.70
0.76
0.84
0.91
0.99
Accuracy of Mixing Ratio g/kg (Ambient Pressure
1013 mbar)
Temp.
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Relative humidity
10
20
30
0.003 0.003 0.003
0.017 0.018 0.019
0.08 0.09
0.09
0.31 0.33
0.35
0.97 1.03
1.10
2.68 2.91
3.16
6.73 7.73
8.92
16.26 21.34 28.89
40.83 74.66 172.36
40
0.003
0.021
0.10
0.37
1.17
3.43
10.34
40.75
—
50
0.003
0.022
0.10
0.39
1.24
3.72
12.05
60.86
—
60
0.004
0.023
0.11
0.41
1.31
4.04
14.14
98.85
—
70
0.004
0.025
0.11
0.43
1.38
4.38
16.71
183.66
—
80
0.004
0.026
0.12
0.45
1.46
4.75
19.92
438.56
—
90
—
—
0.13
0.47
1.54
5.15
24.01
—
—
100
—
—
0.13
0.49
1.62
5.58
29.29
—
—
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 149
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Accuracy of Wet Bulb Temperature °C
Temp.
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Relative humidity
10
20
30
0.20 0.20
0.20
0.21 0.21
0.22
0.27 0.28
0.28
0.45 0.45
0.45
0.84 0.77
0.72
1.45 1.20
1.03
2.23 1.64
1.32
3.06 2.04
1.58
3.85 2.40
1.81
4.57 2.73
2.03
5.25 3.06
2.25
40
0.20
0.22
0.29
0.44
0.67
0.91
1.13
1.31
1.48
1.65
1.82
50
0.20
0.22
0.29
0.44
0.64
0.83
0.99
1.14
1.28
1.41
1.55
60
0.20
0.22
0.29
0.44
0.61
0.76
0.89
1.01
1.13
1.25
1.37
70
0.20
0.23
0.30
0.43
0.58
0.71
0.82
0.92
1.03
1.13
1.24
80
0.20
0.23
0.30
0.43
0.56
0.67
0.76
0.85
0.95
1.04
1.13
90
—
—
0.31
0.42
0.54
0.63
0.72
0.80
0.88
0.97
1.05
100
—
—
0.31
0.42
0.52
0.60
0.68
0.75
0.83
0.91
0.99
80
0.006
0.036
0.15
0.51
1.44
3.52
7.61
15.0
27.1
45.9
73.5
90
—
—
0.16
0.53
1.49
3.63
7.83
15.3
27.8
46.9
74.9
100
—
—
0.17
0.55
1.54
3.74
8.05
15.7
28.4
47.9
76.4
Accuracy of Absolute Humidity g/m³
Temp.
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Relative humidity
10
20
30
0.004 0.004 0.005
0.023 0.025 0.027
0.10 0.11
0.12
0.37 0.39
0.41
1.08 1.13
1.18
2.73 2.84
2.95
6.08 6.30
6.51
12.2 12.6
13.0
22.6 23.3
23.9
39.1 40.0
41.0
63.5 64.9
66.4
40
0.005
0.029
0.13
0.43
1.24
3.07
6.73
13.4
24.6
42.0
67.8
50
0.005
0.031
0.13
0.45
1.29
3.18
6.95
13.8
25.2
43.0
69.2
60
0.006
0.032
0.14
0.47
1.34
3.29
7.17
14.2
25.8
44.0
70.7
70
0.006
0.034
0.15
0.49
1.39
3.40
7.39
14.6
26.5
45.0
72.1
150 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Dewpoint Temperature (HMT337 Warmed
Probe Option)
Find the intersection of the dewpoint temperature curve and the dewpoint
difference reading (process temperature-dewpoint temperature) on the xaxis and read the accuracy in dewpoint measurement on the y-axis.
0508-017
Figure 74
Accuracy in Dewpoint Measurement
Operating Environment
Operating temperature range
for humidity measurement
for transmitter body electronics
with display
-70 ... +180 °C (-94 ... +356 °F)
see probe specifications
-40 ... +60 °C (40 ... +140 °F)
0 ... +60 °C (+32 ... +140 °F)
Storage temperature
-55 … +80 °C (-67 … +176 °F)
Electromagnetic compatibility
EN61326-1:1997+ Am1:1998 + Am2:2001
Industrial environment
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 151
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Inputs and Outputs
Operating voltage
with optional power supply module
Start-up time after power-up
Power consumption @ 20 °C (Uin 24VDC)
RS-232
Uout 2 × 0 ... 1V / 0 ... 5V / 0 ... 10V
Iout 2 × 0 ... 20 mA
display and backlight
during sensor purge
Analog outputs (2 standard, 3rd optional)
current output
voltage output
Accuracy of analog outputs at 20 °C
Temperature dependence of the analog outputs
External loads
current outputs
0 ... 1V output
0 ... 5V and 0 ... 10V outputs
Max wire size
Digital outputs
Relay outputs (optional)
Display (optional)
Menu languages
10 ... 35 VDC, 24 VAC
100 ... 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz
3s
max 25 mA
max 25 mA
max 60 mA
+ 20 mA
+ 110 mA max
0 ... 20 mA, 4 ... 20 mA
0 ... 1 V, 0 ... 5 V, 0 ... 10 V
± 0.05 % full scale
± 0.005 %/°C full scale
RL < 500 ohm
RL > 2 kohm
RL > 10 kohm
0.5 mm2 (AWG 20)
stranded wires recommended
RS-232, RS-485 (optional)
0.5 A, 250 VAC, SPDT
LCD with backlight, graphic
trend display
English, French, Spanish,
German, Japanese, Russian,
Swedish, Finnish, Chinese.
Mechanics
Cable bushing
Conduit fitting
User cable connector (optional)
option 1
option 2
Probe cable diameter
HMT333 80ºC
Other probes
Probe cable lengths
Probe tube material
HMT331
Other probes
Housing material
Housing classification
M20x1.5 for cable diameter
8 ... 11mm/0.31..0.43"
1/2"NPT
M12 series 8- pin (male)
with plug (female) with 5 m /
16.4 ft black cable
with plug (female) with screw
terminals
6.0 mm
5.5 mm
2 m, 5 m or 10 m
Chromed ABS plastic
AISI 316L
G-AlSi 10 Mg (DIN 1725)
IP 65 (NEMA 4)
152 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Transmitter Weight
Table 32
Transmitter Weight (in kg/lb)
Probe Type
Probe Cable Length
2m
5m
HMT333
1.1/2.4
1.2/2.6
HMT334
1.4/3.1
1.6/3.5
HMT335
1.3/2.9
1.4/3.1
HMT337
1.2/2.6
1.3/2.9
HMT338 178 mm 1.3/2.9
1.5/3.3
HMT338 400 mm 1.4/3.1
1.6/3.5
10 m
1.5/3.3
1.9/4.2
1.7/3.7
1.5/3.3
1.7/3.7
1.9/4.2
Technical Specifications of Optional
Modules
Power Supply Module
Operating voltage
Connections
Bushing
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
UL file number
100 ... 240 VAC 50/60 Hz
screw terminals for
0.5 ... 2.5 mm2 wire
(AWG 20 ... 14)
for 8 ... 11 mm diameter cable
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... +140 °F)
-40 ... +70°C (-40 ... +158 °F)
E249387
Analog Output Module
Outputs
Operating temperature range
Power consumption
Uout 0 ... 1 V
Uout 0 ... 5V/0 ... 10V
Iout 0 ... 20 mA
External loads
current outputs
Max load + cable loop resistance
0 ... .1 V
0 ... 5 V and 0 ... 10 V
Storage temperature range
3-pole screw terminal
Max wire size
0 ... 20 mA, 4 ... 20 mA,
0 ... 1 V, 0 ... 5 V, 0 ... 10 V
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... +140 ºF)
max 30 mA
max 30 mA
max 60 mA
RL< 500 ohms
540 ohms
RL> 2000 ohms
RL> 10 000 ohms
-55 ... +80 °C (-67 ... +176 ºF)
1.5 mm2 (AWG16)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 153
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Relay Module
Operating temperature range
Operating pressure range
Power consumption @ 24 V
Contacts SPDT (change over), for example,
Contact arrangement Form C
Imax
Imax
Safety standard for the relay component
Storage temperature range
3-pole screw terminal / relay
Max wire size
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
500 ... 1300 mmHg
max 30 mA
0.5 A 250 VAC
0.5 A 30 VDC
IEC60950 UL1950
-55 ... +80 ºC (-67 ... +176 ºF)
2.5 mm2 (AWG14)
RS-485 Module
Operating temperature range
Operating modes
Operating speed max
Bus isolation
Power consumption @ 24V
External loads
standard loads
Storage temperature range
Max wire size
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
2-wire (1-pair) half duplex
4-wire (2-pair) full duplex
115.2 kbaud
300VDC
max 50 mA
32 RL> 10kohm
-55 ... +80 ºC (-67 ... +176 ºF)
1.5 mm2 (AWG16)
LAN Interface Module
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Operating humidity range
Power consumption @ 24V
Ethernet type
Connector
Supported protocols
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
-40 ... +85 ºC (-40 ... +185 ºF)
5 … 95 %RH
max 60 mA
10/100Base-T
RJ45
Telnet
WLAN Interface Module
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Operating humidity range
Power consumption @ 24V
Supported standards
Connector
Protocols
Security
-20 ... +60 ºC (-4 ... +140 ºF)
-40 ... +85 ºC (-40 ... +185 ºF)
5 … 95 %RH
max 80 mA
802.11b
RP-SMA
Telnet
WEP 64/128,WPA
154 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Data Logger Module
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Power consumption @ 24V
Logged parameters
Logging interval
Maximum logging period
Logged points
Accuracy of the clock
Battery lifetime
at -40 ... +30 ºC (-40 ... +86 ºF)
at +30 ... +60 ºC (+86 ... +140 ºF)
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
-55 ... +80 ºC (-67 ... +176 ºF)
max 10 mA
up to three with trend/min/max
values for each
10 s (fixed)
4 years 5 months
13.7 million points / parameter
better than ±2 min/year
7 years
5 years
Options and Accessories
Description
Item code
MODULES
Relay Module
RELAY-1
Analog Output Module
AOUT-1
Isolated RS485 Module
RS485-1
Power Supply Module
POWER-1
Galvanic Isolation Module
DCDC-1
SENSORS
HUMICAP180
HUMICAP180
HUMICAP180R
HUMICAP180R
PT100 Sensor
10429SP
FILTERS
PPS Plastic Grid with Stainless Steel
DRW010281SP
Netting
PPS Plastic Grid Filter
DRW010276SP
Sintered Filter AISI 316L
HM47280SP
Stainless Steel Filter
HM47453SP
Stainless Steel Filter with Membrane
214848SP
TRANSMITTER MOUNTING ACCESSORIES
Wall Mounting Kit
214829
Probe Holder Plate
226252
Installation Kit for Pole or Pipeline
215108
Rain Shield with Installation Kit
215109
DIN Rail Clips with
215094
Installation Plate
Meteorological Installation Kit
HMT330MIK
Panel Mounting Frame
216038
PROBE MOUNTING ACCESSORIES
HMT334
Fitting Body M22x1.5
17223SP
Fitting Body NPT1/2
17225SP
HMT335
Mounting Flange For HMT335
210696
HMT337
Swagelok for 12mm Probe 3/8" ISO
SWG12ISO38
Thread
Swagelok for 12mm Probe 1/2" ISO
SWG12ISO12
Thread
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 155
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Description
Item code
Swagelok for 12mm Probe 1/2" NPT
SWG12NPT12
Thread
Swagelok for 6mm Probe 1/2" ISO
SWG6ISO12
Thread
Swagelok for 6mm Probe 1/8" ISO
SWG6ISO18
Thread
Swagelok for 6mm Probe 1/8" NPT
SWG6NPT18
Thread
Cable Gland M20x1.5 with Split Seal
HMP247CG
Duct Installation Kit for HMT333 and
210697
HMT337
Duct Installation Kit for Temperature
215003
Probe
HMT338
Ball Valve ISO1/2 with Welding Joint
BALLVALVE-1
Fitting Body ISO1/2 Solid Structure
DRW212076SP
Fitting Body NPT1/2 Solid Structure
NPTFITBODASP
Thread Adapter ISO1/2 to NPT1/2
210662SP
Manual Press
HM36854SP
Plug Kit (ISO 1/2)
218773
CONNECTION CABLES
Serial Interface Cable
19446ZZ
USB-RJ45 Serial Interface Cable
219685
MI70 Connection Cable with RJ45
211339
Connector
HMI41 Connection Cable with RJ45
25917ZZ
Connector
OUTPUT CABLES FOR 8-PIN CONNECTOR
Connection Cable 5m 8-pin M12
212142
Female, Black
Female Connector 8-pin M12 with
212416
Screw Terminals
Male Connector 8-pin M12 with Cable
214806SP
and Adapter
CABLE BUSHINGS
Cable Gland M20x1.5 for 8 ... 11mm
214728SP
Cable
Cable Gland M20x1.5 for 11 ... 14mm
214729
Cable
Cable Gland M16x1.5 for Wall Mounting 216681SP
Plate Pass-Through
Conduit Fitting M20x1.5 for NPT1/2
214780SP
Conduit
Dummy Plug M20x1.5
214672SP
WINDOWS SOFTWARE
Software Interface Kit
215005
OTHER
HMK15 Calibration Adapter for
211302SP
12 mm Probes with >7 mm Sensor Pins
HMK15 Calibration Adapter for
218377SP
12 mm Probes with <3 mm Sensor Pins
156 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Dimensions (mm/inch)
0506-035
Figure 75
Transmitter Body Dimensions
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 157
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0804-035
Figure 76
WLAN Antenna Dimensions
158 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
120 (4.72)
HMT331
12 (0.47)
0508-030
Figure 77
HMT331 Fixed Probe Dimensions
0911-060
Figure 78
HMT331 Short Cable Probe Dimensions
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 159
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
HMT333
0804-060
Figure 79
HMT333 Probe Dimensions
HMT334
0804-059
Figure 80
HMT334 Probe Dimensions
160 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Chapter 7 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
HMT335
0508-020
Figure 81
HMT335 Probe Dimensions
The flange is available as an option for the HMT335 probe.
HMT337
0804-061
Figure 82
HMT337 Probe Dimensions
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 161
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
HMT338
0508-078
Figure 83
HMT338 Probe Dimensions
Temperature Probe
0804-062
Figure 84
Optional Temperature Probe Dimensions
162 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Appendix A _________________________________ Probe Installation Kits and Installation Examples
APPENDIX A
PROBE INSTALLATION KITS AND
INSTALLATION EXAMPLES
Duct Installation Kits (for HMT333/337/335)
Duct installation kit includes a flange, a sealing ring, a supporting bar, a
probe attaching part, and screws for attaching the flange to the duct wall.
Vaisala order codes: 210697 (for HMT333 and HMT337), 210696 (for
HMT335, no supporting bar), and 215003 for temperature probe.
0508-021
Figure 85
Duct Mounting Installation Kit
The following numbers refer to Figure 85:
1
2
3
4
5
6
NOTE
=
=
=
=
=
=
Duct wall
Flange
Sealing ring
Supporting bar (not included in the kit for HMT335)
Probe attaching part (to be fixed with the supporting bar)
Relative humidity probe
When the temperature difference between the duct and the air outside the duct is
remarkable, the supporting bar must be installed as deep in the duct as possible.
This prevents errors caused by the heat conduction in the bar and cable.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 163
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Duct Installation Kit for Temperature Probe (for
HMT337)
Vaisala duct installation kit for the T-probe includes flange, supporting
bar, probe attaching part, sealing ring and the fixing screws (4 pcs).
Vaisala order code: 215003.
0507-018
Figure 86
Duct Mounting Installation Kit for T-Probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 86:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Duct wall
Flange
Sealing ring
Supporting bar
Probe support (to be fixed to the supporting bar)
Retainer bushing (to be fixed to the probe support)
Temperature probe (to be fixed to the retainer bushing)
164 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Appendix A _________________________________ Probe Installation Kits and Installation Examples
Pressure Tight Swagelok Installation Kits (for
HMT337)
RH Probe Installation
Swagelok installation kit for the relative humidity probe includes
Swagelok connector with ISO3/8" or NPT1/2" thread. Vaisala order
codes: SWG12ISO38 or SWG12NPT12.
0508-032
Figure 87
Swagelok Installation Kit for RH-probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 87:
1 = Relative humidity probe
2 = Duct connector
3 = ISO3/8" or NPT1/2" thread
4 = Swagelok connector
5 = Ferrules
Temperature Probe Installation
Swagelok installation kit for T-probe includes Swagelok connector with
either ISO1/8" or NPT1/8" thread. Vaisala order codes: SWG6ISO18 or
SWG6NPT18.
135 mm
33 mm
18 mm min
P = max 10 bar
T = max 180 ºC
max 30 mm
1 2 3
4
0508-016
Figure 88
Swagelok Installation Kit for T-Probe
The following numbers refer to Figure 88:
1 = T-probe
2 = Duct connector
3 = Swagelok connector
4 = Ferrules
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 165
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Examples of Vapor Tight Installations with
Cable Gland
RH-Probe Installations (for HMT333/337)
Cable gland AGRO is available from Vaisala (order code: HMP247CG.)
1
3
2
0508-026
Figure 89
Cable Installation with Cable Gland
The following numbers refer to Figure 89:
1 = Nut (to be tightened to the body)
2 = Seal
3 = Body and O-ring
0508-018
Figure 90
Probe Installation with Cable Gland
Probe installation with cable gland is not available from Vaisala.
The following numbers refer to Figure 90:
1 = AGRO 1160.20.145 (T= -40 ... +100 ºC) Not available from
Vaisala.
2 = In pressurized places, use a locking ring (for example: 11× 1
DIN471).
166 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Appendix A _________________________________ Probe Installation Kits and Installation Examples
T- Probe Installations (HMT337)
0508-015
Figure 91
Vapor Tight Installation
Vapor Tight Installation is not available from Vaisala.
The following numbers refer to Figure 91:
1
=
2
=
Cable gland. For example AGRO 1100.12.91.065
(T= -25 ... +200 ºC)
In pressurized processes, use a locking ring
(example: 6x 0.7 DIN471)
0508-022
Figure 92
Wall Mounting Installation
Wall Mounting Installation is not available from Vaisala.
The following numbers refer to Figure 92:
1
2
3
4
5
=
=
=
=
=
Cable gland. For example AGRO 1100.12.91.065
Compacted PTFE sleeve
Silicon glue between the PTFE sleeve and the cable
Temperature probe
Recommended support to keep the probe in horizontal
position
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 167
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Example of Climate Chamber Installation
0507-016
Figure 93
Climate Chamber Installation (not Available from
Vaisala)
The following numbers refer to Figure 93:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
NOTE
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
PTFE sleeve
Cable gland, for example: AGRO 1100.12.91.065
Stainless steel cable tie or similar fastenerl
To be sealed (silicone)
Temperature probe
Relative humidity probe
HMP247CG, Cable gland AGRO (available from Vaisala)
Let the cables hang loosely to prevent condensed water running to the
probe.
168 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Appendix A _________________________________ Probe Installation Kits and Installation Examples
Example of Installation Through Roof
2
1
12
3
Outdoor
environment
11
10
9
8
4
5
Process:
For example
+85 ºC, 85 %RH
7
6
0507-015
Figure 94
Example of Installation through Roof
The following numbers refer to Figure 94:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
9
10
11
12
=
=
=
=
Insulated probe cables
Sealings
Roof
Cable gland for temperature probe (for example: AGRO 1100.12.91.065)
Temperature probe
Relative humidity probe
Cable gland for relative humidity probe (for example: AGRO 1160.20.145)
Plastic adapter to protect probes from condensation water coming from the
pipe. Diameter slightly smaller than tube diameter.
Plastic tube for probe (2 pcs)
Stainless steel tube coming through the roof.
Two thread bars holding the plastic adapter.
Insulated pipe ending.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 169
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Ball Valve Installation Kit for HMT338
The ball valve installation kit (Vaisala order code: BALLVALVE-1) is
preferred when connecting the probe to a pressurized process or pipeline.
Use the ball valve set or a 1/2" ball valve assembly with a ball hole of
ø14 mm or more. If you install the probe (ø12 mm) in a process pipe,
please note that the nominal size of the pipe must be at least 1 inch (2.54
cm). Use the manual press handle to press the probe into the pressurized
(< 10 bar) process or pipeline.
0507-043
Figure 95
Installing the HMT338 Probe Through a Ball Valve
Assembly
The following numbers refer to Figure 95:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Manual press tool
Handle of the ball valve
Probe
Process chamber or pipeline
Groove on the probe indicates the upper adjustment limit
Filter
Ball of the ball valve
Fitting screw
170 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Appendix A _________________________________ Probe Installation Kits and Installation Examples
NOTE
The probe can be installed in the process through the ball valve
assembly provided that the process pressure is less than 10 bars. This
way, the process does not have to be shut down when installing or
removing the probe. However, if the process is shut down before
removing the probe, the process pressure can be max. 20 bars.
NOTE
When measuring temperature dependent quantities make sure that the
temperature at the measurement point is equal to that of the process,
otherwise the moisture reading may be incorrect.
Follow the steps below to install the HMT338 probe through a ball valve
assembly. After the installation, the probe should be sitting in the process
chamber or pipeline as shown in Figure 95 on page 170.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
NOTE
Shut down the process if the process pressure is more than 10 bars.
If the pressure is lower there is no need to shut down the process.
Close the ball valve.
Seal the threads on the fitting body; refer to Figure 29 on page 47.
Attach the fitting body to the ball valve and tighten it.
Slide the clasp nut of the probe toward the filter, as far as it will go.
Insert the probe to the fitting body, and manually tighten the clasp
nut to the fitting body.
Open the ball valve.
Push the probe through the ball valve assembly into the process. If
the pressure is high, use the pressing handle that is provided with
the probe. If you push the probe hard without using the handle, you
may damage the cable.
Note that the probe must be pushed so deep that the filter is
completely inside the process flow.
Mark the fitting screw and the clasp nut.
Tighten the clasp nut with a fork wrench a further 50 ... 60º
(ca. 1/6 turn). If you have a suitable torque wrench, tighten the nut
to max 45 ± 5 Nm (33 ± 4 ft-lbs). Refer to Figure 30 on
page 48.
Take care not to tighten the clasp nut more than 60° to avoid difficulties
when opening it.
If you wish to remove the probe from the process, note that you have to
pull the probe out far enough. You cannot close the valve if the groove
on the probe body is not visible.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 171
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Meteorological Installation Kit (for HMT337)
The Vaisala meteorological Installation Kit HMT330MIK (Vaisala order
code: HMT330MIK) enables the HMT337 to be installed outdoors to
obtain reliable measurements for meteorological purposes. For more
information, see HMT330MIK brochure and order form.
0804-063
Figure 96
Meteorological Installation Kit for Outdoor
Installation
172 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
APPENDIX B
CALCULATION FORMULAS
This Appendix contains the formulas used for the calculated output
quantities.
The HMT330 series transmitters measure relative humidity and
temperature. From these values dewpoint, mixing ratio, absolute
humidity and enthalpy in normal pressure are calculated using the
following equations:
Dewpoint:
Td 
Tn
m
1
 Pw 
log

 A 
(1)
Pw is the water vapor pressure. The parameters A, m, and Tn depend on
temperature according to the following table:
t
<0 °C *
0 ... 50 °C
50 ... 100 °C
100 ... 150 °C
150 ... 180 °C
A
6.1134
6.1078
5.9987
5.8493
6.2301
m
9.7911
7.5000
7.3313
7.2756
7.3033
Tn
273.47
237.3
229.1
225.0
230.0
1) Used for frostpoint calculation if the dewpoint is negative
Mixing ratio:
x  621.99 
P
p-P
w
(2)
w
Absolute humidity:
a  216.68 
Pw
T
(3)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 173
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Enthalpy:
h  (T  273.15)  (1.01  0.00189  x)  2.5  x
(4)
The water vapor saturation pressure Pws is calculated by using two
equations (5 and 6):
3
  T   CiT i
(5)
i o
where:
T
Ci
C0
C1
C2
C3
=
=
=
=
=
=
temperature in K
coefficients
0.4931358
-0.46094296 * 10-2
0.13746454 * 10-4
-0.12743214 * 10-7
3
ln Pws   bi  i  b4 ln 
(6)
i  1
where:
bi
b-1
b0
b1
b2
b3
b4
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
coefficients
-0.58002206 * 104
0.13914993 * 101
-0.48640239 * 10-1
0.41764768 * 10-4
-0.14452093 * 10-7
6.5459673
The water vapor pressure is calculated using:
Pw  RH 
Pws
100
(7)
174 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
Parts per million by volume is calculated using:
ppmv  106 
Pw
 p  Pw 
(8)
Symbols:
Td
Pw
Pws
RH
x
p
A
T
h
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
dewpoint temperature (°C)
water vapor pressure (hPa)
water vapor saturation pressure (Pa)
relative humidity (%)
mixing ratio (g/kg)
atmospheric pressure (hPa)
absolute humidity (g/m3)
temperature (K)
enthalpy (kJ/kg)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 175
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
176 _________________________________________________________________ M210566EN-H
_______________________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 177
www.vaisala.com
*M210566EN*
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