Seiko | SLP240 | SLP Command Specification

Smart Label Printer
Command Interface Specification
Version 2.4
Built on 27.July.2007
Change History
New
Old
Ver2.4
Ver 2.3
Ver2.3
Ver 2.2
27.July.2007
26. Jun. 2006
Date
Ver 2.2
Ver 2.1
Ver 2.1
Ver 2.0
16. Feb. 2006
20. Oct. 2005
Description
- Change a small error and add example in CMD_SETOPTIONS
- Change comment in CMD_BAUDRATE(03h), P.7
- Change bit map of initial baud rate table in
CMD_SETOPTIONS(1Ch), P.10
- Add comment to “13. Defined Printer Responses”, P.22
Add and delete by support of 300dpi
- Add Change history
- Update to Contents
- Add comment to CMD_SETSPEED
- Delete USB ID in CMD_GETOPTIONS
- Delete Standby mode (C1) in CMD_SETMODE
- Delete the refer to Secondary Color
- Delete Demo Mode
- Add APPENDIX 1 and 2
Contents
1. Overview.............................................................................................................................................. 3
2. Description........................................................................................................................................... 3
3. Interface ............................................................................................................................................... 3
4. Printer Buffer Size................................................................................................................................ 4
5. RS-232 Handshaking............................................................................................................................ 4
6. Serial Interface Cable ........................................................................................................................... 4
7. Command Code Summary.................................................................................................................... 6
8. Description of "Immediate" Commands................................................................................................ 7
9. Description of "Buffered" Commands................................................................................................. 14
10. RLE Compressed Data...................................................................................................................... 20
11. General Printer Responses ................................................................................................................ 20
12. Status Byte Definitions ..................................................................................................................... 21
13. Defined Printer Responses ................................................................................................................ 22
14. Printer States.................................................................................................................................... 24
15. Feed Button ...................................................................................................................................... 25
16. On-line/Off-line Button .................................................................................................................... 25
17. Auto On-Line ................................................................................................................................... 26
18. General Notes................................................................................................................................... 26
19. Diagnostic Mode .............................................................................................................................. 27
20. Paper Loading .................................................................................................................................. 28
21. Print Speed....................................................................................................................................... 29
22. Printing Sample Labels..................................................................................................................... 29
23. Load factory default values to EEPROM........................................................................................... 30
APPENDIX 1. SLP Printer Hardware States.......................................................................................... 31
APPENDIX 2. USB Parameters............................................................................................................. 32
APPENDIX 2. USB Parameters............................................................................................................. 32
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1. Overview
This document describes the general operation of the Smart Label Printer and the interface
between the printer and a host computer system. Smart Label Printer is a generic name
for a family of printer models, including:
• 300dpi wide printers (SLP 440 and SLP 450)
• 203dpi wide printers (SLP 200, SLP 240, SLP 420, and SLP 430)
• 203dpi narrow printers (SLP 100 and SLP 410)
2. Description
The Smart Label Printer is a bitmapped device that prints all information on the label
(including text) as graphic images. The command set is very lean in order to allow the
printer to concentrate only on printing and off-load the other functions to the host.
3. Interface
The Smart Label Printer communicates with the host computer using an RS-232 or USB
cable. The supplied RS-232 cable connects the GND, TX, RX, RTS and CTS signals to
the printer via a standard RJ-11 modular connector. The host end of the cable is intended
for connections using a DB-9 connector. At power-up, the printer’s RS-232
communications port is normally configured for no parity, 8 data bits, and one stop bit.
The maximum baud rate for the SLP 100, SLP 200, SLP 240, SLP 410, SLP 420 and SLP
430 models is 57,600 baud. Also, the maximum baud rate for the SLP 440 and SLP 450
models will be 115k baud, but it is 38,400 baud temporary.
For USB operation, a standard USB cable may be used instead of the RS-232 cable. The
supplied USB cable connects USB signals (Vbus, GND, D+, and D-) to the printer via a
standard USB series B connector. The host end of the cable is intended for connections
using a standard USB series A connector.
The host may change the baud rate to other values by sending a special command to the
printer. However, the data format is always 8 data bits, one stop bit, and no parity. The
printer’s port is always set to the default baud rate after power-up and after receiving a
reset command.
The primary communication flow is from the host to the Smart Label Printer. This is
because the host must send commands and data, while the Smart Label Printer sends only
handshaking signals and an occasional status byte.
The Smart Label Printer sends a status byte (unsolicited) to the host computer whenever
there is a change in its internal copy of the status byte. A status byte can also be requested
by sending the CMD_STATUS command to the Smart Label Printer. Since the status
byte is sent automatically whenever it changes, the CMD_STATUS command is rarely
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used. In case of the USB interface, the Smart Label Printer returns a status byte on receipt
of a BULK-IN command from the Host.
The status byte is initialized when the printer is reset (by power-up or command). The
printer sends the status byte, followed by an XON character, and then sets the RTS signal
high. In case of the USB interface, the Smart Label Printer returns a status byte on receipt
of a BULK-IN command from the Host.
4. Printer Buffer Size
The Smart Label Printer’s input buffer has a capacity of 256 bytes.
5. RS-232 Handshaking
When the input buffer is almost full (less than 32 bytes free), the printer will indicate a
“buffer full” condition by sending an XOFF character (13h) to the host and setting the
RTS signal low.
After the “buffer full” condition has occurred and the input buffer has been emptied to the
point where there are only 100 bytes of data remaining in the buffer, the printer will
indicate a “buffer empty” condition by sending an XON character (11h) to the host and
setting the RTS signal high.
The buffer full and buffer empty thresholds may be changed with the
CMD_XOFF_THRESH and CMD_XON_THRESH commands, respectively.
6. Serial Interface Cable
The Smart Label Printer may be connected to the host computer using the interface cable
included with the printer. The RS-232 interface cable is wired as follows:
Smart Label Printer
Signal
RJ-11
--1
RD
2
TD
3
GND
4
--5
RTS
6
Wire
Color
Blue
Yellow
Green
Red, shield
Black
White
Direction
--!
"
#
--"
-4-
PC Host
Signal
DB-9F
----TD
3
RD
2
GND
5, shell
----DSR, CTS
6, 8
The USB interface cable is wired as follows:
Smart Label Printer
Signal
USB ‘B’
Vbus
1
D2
D+
3
GND
4
Shield
Shell
Wire
Color
Red
White
Green
Black
B.D.DW
Direction
#
#
#
#
#
-5-
PC Host
Signal
USB ‘A’
Vbus
1
D2
D+
3
GND
4
Shield
Shell
7. Command Code Summary
The Smart Label Printer recognizes the following commands:
Hex Code
00
01
02
03 nn
04 nn dd ...
05 nn dd ...
06 nn
07
08
09 nn
0A
0B nn
0C
0D nn
0E nn
0F
10
11 nn
12
Mnemonic
CMD_NOP
CMD_STATUS
CMD_VERSION
CMD_BAUDRATE
CMD_PRINT
CMD_PRINTRLE
CMD_MARGIN
CMD_REPEAT
Class
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
B/I
I
I
I
I
B
B
B
B
CMD_TAB
CMD_LINEFEED
CMD_VERTTAB
CMD_FORMFEED
CMD_SETSPEED
CMD_DENSITY
CMD_RESET
CMD_CHECKPOINT
CMD_REVFEED
CMD_MODEL
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
B
B
B
B
B
B
I
B
B
I
Description
No operation
Request printer status
Request firmware version
Change baud rate to nn
Print literal (binary) data
Print compressed (RLE) data
Image offset (in mm) from left side
Repeat last print command
(reserved)
Tab nn dots to the right
Feed label one line (one dot)
Feed label nn lines (dots)
Feed to top of next label
Set print speed mode
Set print density to nn
Reset printer
Send checkpoint response
Feed paper backward nn lines (dots)
Request printer model number
16 nn
17 nn
18 nn
19 nn
1A 01
1B ii
1C nn
1D nn
1E nn
1E FF
1F nn
A5
CMD_INDENT
CMD_FINEMODE
CMD_XOFF_THRESH
CMD_XON_THRESH
CMD_DIAGNOSTIC
CMD_SETSERIALNUM
CMD_SETOPTIONS
CMD_GETOPTIONS
CMD_SETMODE
CMD_GETMODE
CMD_LENGTH
CMD_CHECK
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
B
B
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
B
I
Set image offset (in dots) from left side
Set anti-banding mode on/off
Set XOFF threshold
Set XON threshold
Enable diagnostic mode
Set serial number
Change option settings
Request option settings
Set printer mode (nn = 0, 1, or 2)
Get printer mode
Set label length to nn millimeters
Check for correct baud rate
Notes:
• The B/I column specifies whether the command is Buffered or Immediate
• "nn" represents a single byte parameter
• "ii" represents a 9 byte.
•
•
•
"dd ..." represents a string of data bytes (length = nn)
Class 1 commands are compatible with all SLP models.
Class 2 commands are compatible with only SLP 440 and SLP 450.
-6-
8. Description of "Immediate" Commands
This section describes the commands that are executed immediately after being received
by the printer. These commands are not placed in the printer’s FIFO input buffer.
CMD_NOP (00h) - No operation
The Smart Label Printer ignores this command. CMD_NOP is used primarily to
pad a partially transmitted record when the printer needs to be reset.
CMD_STATUS (01h) - Request printer status
This command is used to request the status of the Smart Label Printer. See
"Status Byte Definitions" in Section 12 for a description of the status byte.
CMD_VERSION (02h) - Request printer firmware version
This command is used to request the version of the Smart Label Printer firmware.
See "Version Byte Definition" in Section 13 for a description of the version byte.
CMD_BAUDRATE (03h) - Change the printer’s baud rate
This command is used to change the printer’s baud rate to the value specified by
the parameter byte. The parameter byte is defined as follows:
PARAMETER
0
1
2
3
4
BAUD RATE
9,600
19,200
38,400
57,600
115,200
The maximum baud rate for the SLP 440 and SLP 450 models will be 115k baud, but it is 38,400 baud
temporary. The maximum baud rate for the other models is 57.6k baud.
- The maximum baud rate of SLP 410/420/430 is 57600 bps.
- The maximum baud rate of SLP 450 38k version is 38400 bps.
- The maximum baud rate of SLP 440/450 is 115k bps, and they can work by
all baud rates on the above table.
The parameter byte must immediately follow the command. An invalid parameter
will cause the STAT_BAD_COMMAND bit to be set in the status byte and the
baud rate will not be changed. The printer will respond to this command
immediately after it is received (i.e. it is not buffered).
-7-
After sending this command, the host must not send any other data for at least 10
milliseconds to allow the printer enough time to change its baud rate. During that
time, the host should change its own baud rate to the specified value.
CMD_SETSPEED (0Dh) – Set print speed mode command
This command is used to set the print speed mode for the Smart Label Printer.
The configuration of the parameter byte is as follows:
Parameter Byte
(mode)
0h
1h
2h
Description
Default print speed of the native print engine
Adjusted to maximum print speed
Adjusted to slower print speed for high density or
graphic mode
This command is available only for SLP 440 and SLP 450. The printer defaults to
mode 0(Default print speed) on power-up or reset.
CMD_RESET (0Fh) - Reset printer
This causes the printer to perform the equivalent of a power-up reset. The reset
operation will be completed within 3 seconds. After the reset is complete, the
printer sends an XON and sets the RTS signal true.
Note: Do not send CMD_RESET to the printer for at least 20ms after sending
CMD_SETOPTIONS. This could result in corruption of the non-volatile memory.
CMD_MODEL (12h) - Request printer model number
This command is used to request the model of the printer. See "Printer Model
Response Definition" in Section 13 for a description of the response byte.
-8-
CMD_XOFF_THRESH (18h) - Set XOFF threshold
This command sets the threshold point where the input buffer is considered full.
The parameter specifies the number of free bytes to reserve in the buffer for
overflow. For example, if the total buffer capacity is 256 bytes and the XOFF
threshold is set to 20, an XOFF is sent when the buffer fills to the point where it
contains 236 characters, with 20 free bytes remaining. This command must be sent
to the printer while the buffer is empty, preferably after a reset.
The default XOFF threshold point is 32 bytes. This command may be used to
adjust the threshold to any value from 8 to 127.
CMD_XON_THRESH (19h) - Set XON threshold
This command sets the threshold point where the input buffer is considered empty.
The parameter specifies the maximum number of data bytes remaining in the buffer
as it is emptied after an XOFF has been sent. For example, if the total buffer
capacity is 256 bytes and the XON threshold is set to 120, an XON is sent when
the buffer empties to the point where it contains 120 characters, with 136 free
bytes remaining. This command must be sent to the printer while the buffer is
empty, preferably after a reset.
The default XON threshold point is 100 bytes. This command may be used to
adjust the threshold to any value from 0 to 127.
CMD_DIAGNOSTIC (1Ah) - Execute diagnostic command
This command is used to turn the diagnostic mode on. It must be followed by a
parameter byte with a value of 01H. See Section 20 for more information on
diagnostic mode.
CMD_SETSERIALNUM (1Bh) – Set serial number command
This command is used to set the serial number of the Smart Label Printer. The
parameter is sequential 8 bytes of ASCII character and 1 byte of sum. This
command is used for manufacturing purpose only.
This command sets the serial number, but does not store it in non-volatile memory.
To store the new serial number in non-volatile memory, use CMD_SETOPTIONS
with parameter AAh, as described below.
-9-
CMD_ SETOPTIONS (1Ch) - Override option jumper settings
This command is used to override the option jumper settings, set USB ID number,
and save/restore settings to non-volatile memory.
Note: Do not send CMD_RESET to the printer for at least 20ms after sending
CMD_SETOPTIONS. This could result in corruption of the non-volatile memory.
Parameter
0xH
1xH
3xH
55H
AAH
Function
This is used to clear option jumper bits. Only one bit may be changed
at a time. Bits 0:2 of the parameter byte determine which bit will be
changed. For example:
05H disables auto on-line mode
02H sets feed mode to continuous
This is used to set option jumper bits. Only one bit may be changed at
a time. Bits 0:2 of the parameter byte determine which bit will be
changed. For example:
15H enables auto on-line mode
12H sets feed mode to Label / Form
Sets USB device ID. Bits 0:3 of parameter byte determine the ID
number. The ID must be in the range 0-9. Setting the ID to 15 (3FH)
enables “single unit” mode (this is the default). Other values are invalid.
Sets factory default option jumper setting (FCH) to non-volatile memory.
Does not affect the serial number.
Saves option jumper settings and serial number to non-volatile memory.
The saved setting becomes the default used when the printer is reset.
The option jumper bit definitions are as follows:
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Meaning
Baud rate (bit 0)
Baud rate (bit 1)
Feed mode
Baud rate (bit 2)
(reserved)
Auto on-line
Media type
(reserved)
Short (0)
*
*
Continuous
*
-Disabled
Paper
--
Open (1)
*
*
Label / Form
*
-Enabled
Label
--
* Initial baud rate is set according to this table:
Baud Rate
bit 0
bit 1
bit 3
9600
Open(1)
Open(1)
Short(0)
19200
Open(1)
Short(0)
Short(0)
38400
Short(0)
Open(1)
Short(0)
57600
Short(0)
Short(0)
Short(0)
Don’t care(0or1)
Don’t care(0or1)
Open(1)
115200
When bit 2 is Open, SLP firmware judges to be 115k.
When bit 2 is Short, bit 0 and 1 are investigated.
- 10 -
For example
Change baud rate
Command
To 9600
C1 10 C1 11 C1 03 C1 AA
To 19200
C1 10 C1 01 C1 03 C1 AA
To 38400
C1 00 C1 11 C1 03 C1 AA
To 57600
C1 00 C1 01 C1 03 C1 AA
To 115200
C1 00 C1 01 C1 13 C1 AA
Feed mode (bit 2) - determines how paper feeding is handled by the printer.
When Label/Form mode is enabled, a form feed (either by command or the feed
button) causes the label or paper to be advanced to the next top-of-form mark. If
a top-of-form mark is not detected within the form length, a paper jam error
occurs. In Label Mode, the default form length is 255 mm (about 10 inches).
When in Continuous mode, the form feed command advances the paper to the next
increment of the form length and the feed button advances paper only while
pressed. The default form length is six inches, but may be adjusted with the
CMD_LENGTH command. In Continuous mode, paper jam detection is disabled
and a top-of-form mark will cause the feed mode to change to Label/Form.
Auto On-line (bit 5) - determines whether the printer will automatically go online when buffered print commands are received, or remain in standby mode.
Media type (bit 6) - is used to match the energy level used for printing with the
thermal characteristics of the label media or paper media. This bit is set
automatically when the media type is detected during media loading.
The paper and label are the same printing control in SLP 440 and 450.
- 11 -
CMD_GETOPTIONS (1Dh) - Request option settings
This command is used to request the option settings. Normally, this is the value of
the option jumpers, but may be different if the options have been changed (e.g., by
the CMD_SETOPTIONS command). The printer will return a response byte with
a base value of D0h and the lower 4 bits set according to the following tables:
Parameter = 0 (Read jumpers 0-3)
Bit
0
1
2
3
Jumper
0
1
2
3
Meaning
Baud rate (bit 0)
Baud rate (bit 1)
Feed mode
Baud rate (bit 2)
Bit Clear (0)
*
*
Continuous
*
Bit Set (1)
*
*
Label / Form
*
* See baud rate table in CMD_SETOPTIONS section
Parameter = 1 (Read jumpers 4-7)
Bit
0
1
2
3
Jumper
4
5
6
7
Meaning
(reserved)
Auto power on
Media type
Bit Clear (0)
-Disabled
Paper
Bit Set (1)
-Enabled
Label
Parameter = 2 (Read jumpers 8-11)
Bit
0
1
2
3
Jumper
8
9
10
11
Meaning
(reserved)
(reserved)
(reserved)
(reserved)
Bit Clear (0)
-----
Bit Set (1)
-----
Parameter = 3 (Read jumpers 12-15)
Bit
0
1
2
3
Jumper
12
13
14
15
Meaning
(reserved)
(reserved)
(reserved)
(reserved)
Bit Clear (0)
-----
Bit Set (1)
-----
Parameter =4 (Hardware Error Status)
Bit
0
1
2
3
Meaning
Temperature error
Supply voltage error (6V or 12V)
Head error
Voltage error (Vcc)
- 12 -
Bit Clear (0)
No
No
No
No
Bit Set (1)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Parameter = 5 (Software Error Status)
Bit
0
1
2
3
Meaning
Buffer overflow
Invalid command
EEPROM error
Voltage error (3.5V)
Bit Clear (0)
No
No
No
No
Bit Set (1)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
CMD_SETMODE (1Eh) - Set printer mode / Get printer mode
When followed by a parameter byte of 00H, this command will cause the printer to
enter on-line mode, as if the On-Line/Off-line switch had been depressed and
released while the printer was off-line.
When the parameter byte is 01H, this command will cause the printer to enter
standby mode, as if the On-Line/Off-line switch had been depressed for one second
while the printer was on-line or off-line.
When the parameter byte is 02H, this command will cause the printer to enter offline mode.
When the parameter byte is FFH, this command will cause the printer to send a
status code describing the current mode of the printer, as follows:
Hex Value of
Status Code
C0
C1
C2
Definition
Printer is On-Line
(not used)
Printer is Off-Line
This command may be executed at any time.
CMD_CHECK (A5h) - Check for proper baud rate
This command is used to detect if the printer and the host are communicating at
the same baud rate. If the printer receives this command, it always responds with a
response byte that has a value of C9h.
- 13 -
9. Description of "Buffered" Commands
This section describes the commands that are placed in a FIFO input buffer when received
by the printer. The commands are executed in the order that they were received.
CMD_PRINT (04h) - Print literal (binary) data
This command is used to print a bitmap on the printer. The most-significant bit of
the first data byte will be printed on the left and the least-significant bit of the last
data byte will be printed on the right. The command is followed by the record
length and the data bytes. The record length must be greater than zero. After all
of the data bytes are received, the bitmap pattern is printed and the label is
advanced vertically one dot.
For example:
Byte sent
04
05
01
02
03
04
05
Meaning
CMD_PRINT - print literal data
data record length (5 bytes)
data byte 1
data byte 2
data byte 3
data byte 4
data byte 5
The bits of each data byte are translated into an image of eight "dots" (1=black,
0=white), arranged horizontally with the most-significant bit representing the leftmost dot. For example, the following commands (values in hex):
04 03 11 11 11
04 03 33 33 33
04 03 77 77 77
04 03 FF FF FF
would produce the following dot pattern (greatly magnified!):
CMD_PRINTRLE (05h) - Print compressed (RLE) data
This command is used to print compressed bitmap data on the printer. The data is
decompressed after reception by the printer and printed in the same manner as data
sent with the CMD_PRINT command. See "RLE Compressed Data" in Section
10 for a description of the compression method used. An example of a
CMD_PRINTRLE command follows:
- 14 -
Byte sent
05
05
01
02
03
04
05
Meaning
CMD_PRINTRLE print compressed data
data record length (5 bytes)
data byte 1
data byte 2
data byte 3
data byte 4
data byte 5
After decompression, the bits of each data byte are translated into an image of
eight "dots" (1=black, 0=white), arranged horizontally with the most-significant bit
representing the left-most dot. For example, the following commands (values in
hex):
05 03 4A 0A 4A
05 04 0A 4A 0A 4A
05 03 4A 0A 4A
05 04 0A 4A 0A 4A
would produce the following dot pattern (magnified):
CMD_MARGIN (06h) - Set left margin (in mm)
This command is used to set the distance from the first dot of the print head to the
first dot position on the left edge of the label. This command is used primarily
when labels less than 2" wide are used (because narrow labels are centered on the
print head). The distance is in millimeters and is determined by the byte sent
immediately after the command. For example, the following command (values in
hex):
06 0C
would set the left margin to 12 mm (for "standard" size labels). The default left
margin value is zero. Once set, the margin value remains in effect until it is
changed again by CMD_MARGIN, CMD_INDENT, or the printer is reset.
- 15 -
When using Standard Address labels on “narrow” printers (i.e., SLP 100 and SLP
410), the margin should be set to zero. The following table suggests indent values
for various label sizes on “wide” (i.e., SLP 200, SLP 240, SLP 420, SLP 430) and
“300dpi” (i.e., SLP 440 and SLP 450) printers:
Label Type
Standard Address
Shipping
Diskette
Large Address
Label Size (mm)
89 x 28
101 x 54
70 x 54
89 x 36
Image Size (mm)
81 x 24
93 x 48
58 x 48
81 x 32
Indent (mm)
12
0
0
8
The maximum margin value is as follows:
Model
SLP 100, SLP 410
SLP 200, SLP 240, SLP 420, SLP
430
SLP 440, SLP 450
Maximum Margin
23 mm
47 mm
47 mm
CMD_REPEAT (07h) – Repeat last print command
This command causes the last print command (CMD_PRINT, CMD_PRINTRLE)
to be executed again (the same data is used). CMD_REPEAT may be used
multiple times to print a repetitive pattern (e.g., a bar code). The data buffer is
erased when a CMD_RESET, CMD_PRINT2, or CMD_PRINTRLE2 is
executed.
CMD_TAB (09h) - Tab to the right
This command is used to move the initial print position to the right. The distance,
in dots, is determined by the byte sent immediately after the command. For
example, the following commands (values in hex):
04 02 77 77
09 04
04 02 77 77
09 08
04 02 77 77
( CMD_PRINT )
( CMD_TAB )
( CMD_PRINT )
( CMD_TAB )
( CMD_PRINT )
would produce the following dot pattern (magnified):
- 16 -
CMD_LINEFEED (0Ah) - Move vertically 1 dot
Advances the paper 1 dot. Commonly used to skip a blank row of dots.
CMD_VERTTAB (0Bh) - Move vertically the specified number of dots
Advances the paper the number of dots specified by the parameter. Commonly
used to skip over a blank section of a label (instead of sending several
CMD_LINEFEEDs).
CMD_FORMFEED (0Ch) - Advance label
Advances the paper to the next separator mark (in Label/Form mode) or form
increment (in Continuous mode).
CMD_DENSITY (0Eh) - Set print density
Sets the print darkness by defining the amount of energy used by the head to
produce each dot. The command must be followed by one of the following values:
Hex Value
*FA
*FB
FC
FD
FE
FF
00
01
02
03
04
*05
*06
*07
*08
*09
*0A
Density
70%
75%
80%
85%
90%
95%
100%
105%
110%
115%
120%
125%
130%
135%
140%
145%
150%
Darkness
Lightest
Medium-light
Normal
Medium-dark
Dark
Very dark
Darkest
Note: Values above 06 (130%) should be used only with special media.
- 17 -
CMD_CHECKPOINT (10h) - Send checkpoint acknowledgment
Causes a STAT_CHECKPOINT byte to be sent when executed. This allows the
application software to track the execution of certain printer operations. It may
also be used to implement an ETX/ACK-style handshake protocol.
CMD_REVFEED (11h) - Feed backward the specified number of dots
Moves the paper backward the number of dots specified by the parameter. This
may be used to unload labels.
Warning: Labels may jam if an attempt is made to reverse feed over the die-cut
“gap” between labels.
CMD_INDENT (16h) - Set left margin (in dots)
This command is used to set the distance from the first dot of the print head to the
first dot position on the left edge of the label. This command is used primarily
when labels less than 2" wide are used (because narrow labels are centered on the
print head). The distance is in dots and is determined by the byte sent immediately
after the command. For example, the following command (values in hex):
16 60
would set the left margin to 96 dots (12 mm, for "standard" size labels). The
default left margin value is zero. Once set, the margin value remains in effect until
it is changed by CMD_MARGIN or CMD_INDENT, or if the printer is reset.
- 18 -
The maximum indent value is as follows:
Model
SLP 100, SLP 410
SLP 200, SLP 240, SLP 420,
SLP 430, SLP 440, SLP 450
Maximum Indent
191 dots
255 dots
CMD_FINEMODE (17h) - Enable/disable “anti-banding” mode
This command may be used to reduce “banding” when graphics are printed. When
enabled, the print cycle timing is modified and the printer will print slightly slower.
If used with the SLP 440 or SLP 450, this is the same as using CMD_SETSPEED
to set print speed mode 2.
To enable the anti-banding mode, send this command with the parameter set to
one. When the parameter is zero, the print speed reverts to the default speed, or
to the speed previously set by CMD_SETSPEED.
This command is not supported in the SLP 440 and 450. It should be chose the
graphics mode, in order to avoid banding.
CMD_LENGTH (1Fh) - Set label length
This command sets the label length to the specified number of millimeters. The
default label length after power-on or reset is 152 mm (about 6”) in Continuous
mode, and 255 mm (about 10”) in Label/Form mode.
When the feed mode is set to “Label/Form” (option jumper 2 open), the printer
uses this value to detect a paper jam. A jam is reported if more than the label
length of paper is fed without detecting a separator mark.
When the feed mode is set to “Continuous” (option jumper 2 shorted), this value is
used to calculate the distance to feed the paper when a form feed is executed. The
distance from the first print position to the form feed stopping point is equal to this
value. In this mode, paper jam detection is disabled and paper without separator
marks must be used. Detection of a separator mark will cause the feed mode to be
changed to “Label/Form”.
- 19 -
10. RLE Compressed Data
To reduce transmission time, some data may be compressed using Run-length Encoding
(RLE). Since some data in the record may be transmitted more efficiently without
compression, there is a provision to have binary data embedded with the RLE data. Each
byte in the record will contain either binary data or RLE data.
If bit 7 of a byte is clear (equal zero), the byte contains RLE compressed data. Bit 6 is the
color of the run (0 = white, 1 = black), and bits 0 through 5 specify the length (in pixels)
of the run. For example:
00001111
01010001
prints a run of 15 white pixels
prints a run of 17 black pixels
If bit 7 is set (equal one), then bits 0 through 6 contain literal binary (bitmap) data.
11. General Printer Responses
All printer responses belong to pre-defined groups that are determined by the upper four
bits of the data, according to the following table:
Bit
7
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
6
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
5
0
0
1
x
x
0
0
1
1
4
0
1
x
x
x
0
1
0
1
Meaning
(reserved)
Handshake (XON/XOFF)
(reserved)
Status byte
Version number
Acknowledgments (ACK, baud rate)
Option settings
Model number
(reserved)
Note: “x” means “don’t care” (can be 0 or 1)
- 20 -
12. Status Byte Definitions
The status byte always has a base value of 40 hex. Bit 7 (80 hex) is always zero. The
following values may be added to the base value, as appropriate:
Mnemonic
STAT_PAPER_OUT
STAT_PAPER_JAM
STAT_HARD_ERR
STAT_COMM_ERR
STAT_IDLE
STAT_PLATEN_OPEN
Hex value
01
02
04
08
10
20
Reset
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Status condition
Out of labels
Label is jammed (feed error)
General hardware error
Invalid command or I/O error
Printer is idle
Platen is open
If the Reset column indicates "Yes," the printer must be reset to clear the error. The
STAT_COMM_ERR bit is always cleared automatically after the status byte is sent.
Examples:
If a label is jammed in the printer, the status value is 42H:
40 base value
+ 02 label is jammed in printer
42
If printer is idle and out of labels, the status value is 51H:
40 base value
01 out of labels
+ 10 printer is idle
51
- 21 -
13. Defined Printer Responses
All defined data sent by the Smart Label Printer will have bits 6:7 set to 00, 10, or 11.
This allows the host to easily distinguish between defined data and the status byte.
Hex Value
11
13
80
81
8n
C0
C1
C2
C7
C9
Dn
E1
E2
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
EB
EC
ED
Definition
XON
XOFF
Firmware Version 0 (Alpha Test)
Firmware Version 1 (1st Production Version)
Firmware Version “n”
Printer is On-Line
Printer is in Standby Mode (except SLP 440/450)
Printer is Off-Line
CMD_CHECKPOINT response
CMD_CHECK response
CMD_GETOPTIONS response / USB ID number
Printer is SLP EZ30
Printer is SLP Pro
Printer is SLP 120
Printer is SLP 220
Printer is SLP 100 (narrow head, pre-v5 firmware)
Printer is SLP 200 (wide head, pre-v5 firmware)
Printer is SLP 410 (narrow head) or SLP 100 (v5 firmware)
Printer is SLP 420 (wide head) or SLP 200 (v5 firmware)
Printer is SLP 240/430 (wide head)
Printer is SLP 440 (300dpi)
Printer is SLP 450 (300dpi)
Summary of defined printer responses
Version Byte Definition
The version byte always has a base value of 80 hex. Bit 6 (40 hex) is always zero.
The firmware version number is added to the base value to produce a response
byte that is returned for the CMD_VERSION command. For example, if the
firmware version is 5, the version byte would be 85 hex.
-
SLP 410/420/430: 80h
SLP 450 38k bps version: 81h or 82h
SLP 440/450: on and after 83h
XON/XOFF Definition
When the input buffer is almost full (less than 32 bytes free), the printer will
indicate a “buffer full” condition by sending an XOFF character (13h) to the host.
After the “buffer full” condition has occurred and the input buffer has been
emptied to the point where there are at least 100 bytes free, the printer will send an
XON character (11h) to the host.
- 22 -
The buffer full threshold is 32 bytes and buffer empty (100 bytes) may be changed
with the CMD_XOFF_THRESH and CMD_XON_THRESH commands.
Baud Rate Acknowledgment Definition
When the printer correctly decodes the CMD_CHECK command (A5 hex), it will
always return a response byte which has the value C9 hex.
Checkpoint Response Definition
When the printer executes a CMD_CHECKPOINT command (10 hex), it will
always return a response byte which has the value C7 hex. This allows the
application software to track the execution of certain printer operations. It may
also be used to implement an ETX/ACK-style handshake protocol.
Printer Model Response Definition
In response to the CMD_MODEL command, the printer will send a byte with the base
value of E0 hex. The printer model, as defined below, is added to the base value:
Value
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
Printer Model
(reserved)
Printer is SLP EZ30
Printer is SLP Pro
(reserved)
Printer is SLP 120
Printer is SLP 220
Printer is SLP 100 (narrow head, pre-v5 firmware)
Printer is SLP 200 (wide head, pre-v5 firmware)
Printer is SLP 410 (narrow head) or SLP 100 (v5 firmware)
Printer is SLP 420 (wide head) or SLP 200 (v5 firmware)
(reserved)
Printer is SLP 240/430 (wide head)
Printer is SLP 440 (300dpi)
Printer is SLP 450 (300dpi)
(reserved)
(reserved)
- 23 -
14. Printer States
The following table defines the various states of the printer:
State
LED Indicator
Power-Off
Standby
On-Line
Off-Line
Paper Out
Head Up
Paper Jam
Buffer Overflow
Temperature Error
Voltage Error
Head Error
Off
Off
Steady Green
Steady Yellow
Blinking Green 1
Blinking Green 2
Blinking Yellow 1
Blinking Yellow 2
Blinking Red 1
Blinking Red 2
Blinking Red 3
Receives
Data
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
Prints
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Feed Switch
Enabled
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Notes
1
2
3
3
3
Notes: 1. Printer has no power.
2. Prints only if Auto On-line mode is enabled.
3. On-line/Off-line switch resets printer.
When the LED is blinking, the ON time is 300 ms and the OFF time is 900 ms, with 300
ms between double blinks.
Pattern 1
Pattern 2
Pattern 3
→
← 300 ms
Blink pattern timing diagram
- 24 -
15. Feed Button
The feed button is used for various functions, depending on the current printer mode, feed
mode, and other conditions.
When in SLP Label/Form mode:
Press and release - feeds to top of next label when released.
Press and hold - after one second, reverse feeds distance required to unload label,
then stops. This makes it easy to unload labels, but discourages feeding entire
labels backwards (only a short length is moved with each press/hold cycle).
When in SLP Continuous mode:
Press and hold - feeds paper until feed button is released.
The feed button is also used to perform a self-test and print a sample label. This is done
by pressing and releasing the On-line/Off-line button while holding the feed button
pressed.
16. On-line/Off-line Button
The On-line/Off-line button is used for various functions, as follows:
Press and release - toggles on-line/off-line mode or performs action according to the
following table:
State
1. Standby
2. On-line, no errors
3. Off-line, no errors
4. Head up or out of labels
5. Paper jam or buffer overflow
6. Off-line, hardware error
LED Indicator
Action
Off
Steady Green
Steady Yellow
Blinking Green
Blinking Yellow
Blinking Red
Power on, reset
Change to state 3
Change to state 2
(No change)
Reset printer
Reset printer
Press and hold - after one second, the printer returns to standby mode.
- 25 -
17. Auto On-Line
If a valid command is fetched from the input buffer while the printer is in standby mode,
the printer will automatically set itself on-line in order to execute the command.
Commands that are executed immediately upon receipt (e.g. CMD_STATUS) will not
cause the printer to go on-line. See the command code table in section 7 for a list of
buffered and immediate commands. This mode is enabled by an option jumper (see
CMD_SETOPTIONS).
This function is not supported in SLP 440 and 450.
18. General Notes
The following table shows the maximum dot capacity of the various printer models:
Printer Model
SLP 100
SLP 120
SLP 200
SLP 220
SLP 240
SLP 410
SLP 420
SLP 430
SLP 440
SLP 450
Maximum Dots Per Line
192
192
384
384
384
192
384
384
576
576
For all Smart Label Printer models, if the number of dots in a print record exceeds the
capacity of the head, the excess dots will be discarded. For example, if the print head has
a capacity of 384 dots and the print record contains 400 dots, the first 384 dots will be
printed and the remaining 16 dots are ignored.
Excess data must never be “wrapped” onto the following print line.
- 26 -
19. Diagnostic Mode
Diagnostic Mode is enabled by sending the CMD_DIAGNOSTIC command to the printer,
followed by 01h. While in diagnostic mode, the printer does not function normally.
Instead, the printer acknowledges only the following diagnostic commands (all other
commands are ignored):
Command
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
1A
Function
Reset RTS
Set RTS
Read signals
Read jumpers
Print all heads
Print odd heads
Print even heads
Feed forward
Feed reverse
Tab forward
Tab reverse
Exit
Description
Set the RTS signal FALSE
Set the RTS signal TRUE
Read various signals and send a special status byte to
host. The status byte has the following format:
Bit
Signal
0
CTS signal
1
DSR signal
2
Paper sensor
3
Platen open sensor
4
Over-temperature sensor
5
On-line/Off-line button
6
Feed button
7
Reverse feed button
Read option jumpers 0-7 and send byte to host.
Print one line with all heads fired
Print one line with all odd-numbered heads fired
Print one line with all even-numbered heads fired
Feed paper one dot forward
Feed paper one dot reverse
Feed paper eight dots forward
Feed paper eight dots reverse
Exit Diagnostic Mode - resume normal operation
While Diagnostic mode is enabled, the LED flashes Red and Green alternately (about 300
ms. for each color). This informs the user of the special mode, as well as testing both
colors of the LED.
Diagnostic mode is intended only for testing the printer’s hardware. When the printer is in
diagnostic mode, all commands are executed immediately (not buffered). Therefore, the
host should not send any data within five milliseconds after sending a diagnostic
command. Attempting to send a command before the previous command has completed
executing may cause unpredictable results.
- 27 -
20. Paper Loading
When the printer detects that no paper is loaded, it will send a status byte with the
STAT_PAPER_OUT bit set. It will then begin the auto-load function, as follows:
1. The printer will wait until the sensor “sees” white (i.e., paper).
2. The feed motor will start feeding paper.
3. If the printer detects a separator mark within 152 mm (about 6”), the following actions
are performed:
• The feed mode is set to Label/Form
• The media type is set to Label
• The form length is set to 255 mm (about 10”)
• The paper is advanced to the next separator mark
• The paper is reverse fed back to the top of the first label
• A status byte is sent with the STAT_PAPER_OUT bit cleared
4. If the paper is advanced 152 mm without a separator mark being detected, the
following actions are performed:
• The feed mode is set to Continuous
• The media type is set to Paper
• The form length remains set to 152 mm (about 6”)
• The paper is reverse fed 76 mm (about 3”)
• The final paper position becomes the “top of form”
• A status byte is sent with the STAT_PAPER_OUT bit cleared
- 28 -
21. Print Speed
The following table shows the typical printing time for an average label.
Printer Model
SLP 100
SLP 200
SLP 410
SLP 420
SLP 240
SLP 430
SLP 440
SLP 450
Typical Print
Time (seconds)
8 or less
8 or less
8 or less
8 or less
3
3
6 or less
2 or less
An “average” label is defined as follows:
Size: 28mm x 89mm (“Standard” label)
Font: 12 pt. Arial (character height ≈ 3mm)
Text: Seiko Instruments USA Inc.
2990 Lomita Blvd.
Torrance, CA 90505
Note: For SLP 440 and SLP 450, the print speed can be adjusted by the
CMD_SETSPEED command.
22. Printing Sample Labels
The printer can print a sample label without receiving data from a host computer. There
are two kinds of sample labels:
1. Demo Label
•
•
•
•
•
Make sure printer is in standby mode (LED is off)
Press and hold FEED button
Press and release ONLINE button
Demo label is printed
Release FEED button
- 29 -
2. Inspection Label
•
•
•
•
•
Make sure printer is in standby mode (LED is off)
Press and hold FEED button
Press and hold ONLINE button
Inspection label is printed
Release FEED and ONLINE buttons
For SLP 440 and 450, please refer to the Functional Specification.
23. Load factory default values to EEPROM
The printer can be reset to the factory default condition, as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Make sure printer is in standby mode (LED is off)
Press and hold ONLINE button
Printer goes ONLINE
Continue to hold ONLINE button for three seconds
The LED will flash red and green, alternately
To load default values, press and release FEED button
To exit, press and release ONLINE button
If the operation is not completed within 5 seconds, the printer automatically goes to
online mode.
For SLP 440 and 450, please refer to the Functional Specification.
- 30 -
APPENDIX 1. SLP Printer Hardware States
Hardware Status
Power off
Standby
Online
Offline
DC Power
Not
Connected
or Off
Connected
and On
Connected
and On
Connected
and On
User Perception
Off
Off
Online
Offline
LED
Off
Off
Green
Orange
CPU
Off
On
On
On
Key Search
Off
On
On
On
Label Search
Off
Off
On
On
USB Port
Off
Off
On
On*
Serial Port
Off
Off
On
On*
Data received
No
No
Yes
Yes*
* Only “immediate” commands are executed; others are buffered for later execution.
- 31 -
APPENDIX 2. USB Parameters
SLP440 (Normal
Speed)
SLP450 (High Speed)
Vender ID
0x0619
0x0619
Product ID
0x0501
0x0502
NON
0x0200
CATEGORY
Device
Descriptor
ID
Device Release
Manufacture
Product
String
Descriptor
Serial Number
NON*
Configuration
NON
Interface
NON
MANUFACTURER:
Device ID
Smart Label Printer 450
Unique
COMMAND Set:
SIISLP
SIISLP
MODEL:
SLP440
SLP450
PRINTER
PRINTER
NON
NON
TBD
TBD
MISSING:
Device ID::DES
USB 1284 Device ID Strings:
MFG:SII;CMD:SIISLP;MDL:SLP440;CLS:PRINTER;DES:Smart Label Printer
440
MFG:SII;CMD:SIISLP;MDL:SLP450;CLS:PRINTER;DES:Smart Label Printer
450
- 32 -
*Unique
Identifier
”Configuration 0/Self
powered”
”Interface0
Alternate0/Bidirectional”
“Interface0
Alternate1/Unidirectional
”
SII
ACTIVE COMMAND
SET:
Currently
0x0500
Seiko Instruments Inc.
SII
COMMENT:
Vender
Command
Seiko Instruments
Inc.
Smart Label
Printer 440
Notes
Match existing
"PRINTER"
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