Saturn | 2004 Vue | Specifications | Saturn 2004 Vue Specifications

2004 Saturn VUE Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Rear Seats
............................................... 1-8
Safety Belts ............................................. 1-10
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-28
Airbag Systems ........................................ 1-48
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-58
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-2
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-7
Windows ................................................. 2-11
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-13
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-14
Mirrors .................................................... 2-29
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-35
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-36
Sunroof
.................................................. 2-38
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-21
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
........ 3-25
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-42
M
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-46
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-5
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
All-Wheel Drive
........................................ 5-51
Headlamp Aiming ..................................... 5-52
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-53
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-60
Tires
...................................................... 5-62
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-89
Vehicle Identification
................................. 5-97
Electrical System ...................................... 5-98
Capacities and Specifications
................... 5-102
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance and Information .............. 7-1
Customer Assistance and Information
........... 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects
............................ 7-8
Index ................................................................ 1
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be obtained
from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
About Driving Your Vehicle
SATURN, the SATURN Emblem, and the name VUE
are registered trademarks of Saturn Corporation.
GENERAL MOTORS and GM are registered trademarks
of General Motors Corportation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice.
Keep this manual in the vehicle so it will be there if it
is needed. If the vehicle is sold, leave this manual in
the vehicle.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 04VUE B Second Edition
ii
As with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate
this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control
or an accident. Be sure to read the “on-pavement” and
“off-road” driving guidelines in this manual. See Your
Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle on page 4-2
and Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle Off Paved
Roads on page 4-18.
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle.
If this is done, it can help you learn about the features
and controls for the vehicle. Pictures and words
work together in the owner manual to explain things.
©
2004 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about the
vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual. It is
an alphabetical list of what is in the manual and
the page number where it can be found.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this book. We
use a box and the word CAUTION to tell about things
that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you do not,
you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Do Not,”
“Do Not do this” or
“Do Not let this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation or information
relating to a specific component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage the
vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered
by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could be costly. But
the notice will tell what to do to help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Manual Seats ................................................1-2
Driver Seat Height Adjuster ..............................1-3
Six-Way Power Driver Seat ..............................1-3
Manual Lumbar ..............................................1-4
Heated Seats .................................................1-4
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................1-5
Head Restraints .............................................1-7
Passenger Folding Seatback ............................1-8
Rear Seats .......................................................1-8
Split Folding Rear Seat ...................................1-8
Safety Belts ...................................................1-10
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................1-10
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-14
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-15
Driver Position ..............................................1-15
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-22
Right Front Passenger Position .......................1-23
Rear Seat Passengers ..................................1-23
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults ..........................1-25
Safety Belt Pretensioners ...............................1-28
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-28
Child Restraints .............................................1-28
Older Children ..............................................1-28
Infants and Young Children ............................1-31
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-34
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-36
Top Strap ....................................................1-37
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................1-39
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................1-40
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ....................................1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ....................................1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position ....................................1-45
Airbag Systems ..............................................1-48
Where Are the Airbags? ................................1-50
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .....................1-53
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .......................1-54
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .......................1-54
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? .....1-55
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...........1-56
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ....................................................1-57
Restraint System Check ..................................1-58
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-58
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ............................................1-58
1-1
Front Seats
Manual Seats
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement could startle
and confuse you, or make you push a pedal
when you do not want to. Adjust the driver’s
seat only when the vehicle is not moving.
1-2
Lift the bar located under the front of the seat to unlock
it. Slide the seat to where you want it and release
the bar. Try to move the seat with your body to be sure
the seat is locked in place.
Driver Seat Height Adjuster
Six-Way Power Driver Seat
If your vehicle has a driver’s seat height adjuster, it is
located on the outboard side of the seat.
If your vehicle has this feature, the control is located on
the outboard side of the driver’s seat. To adjust the
seat do any of the following:
• Move the seat forward or rearward by moving the
control forward or rearward.
• Raise or lower the seat by sliding the control
up or down.
• Raise or lower the front portion of the seat by
sliding the front of the control up or down.
• Raise or lower the rear portion of the seat by
sliding the rear of the control up or down.
To raise the seat, ratchet the lever upward until the seat
is at the desired height. To lower the seat, ratchet the
lever downward until the seat is at the desired height.
1-3
Manual Lumbar
Heated Seats
If your vehicle has this feature, the knob is located
on the inboard side of the driver’s seatback.
Turn the knob forward or rearward to increase or
decrease the lumbar support.
Your vehicle may have heated seats. The switches
are located below the climate control system.
Press 1 to warm the seat. Press 2 for a higher
temperature setting. To turn this feature off, move
the switch to the center position.
1-4
Reclining Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on the outboard
side of the seat and move the seatback to where
you want it. Then release the lever to lock the seatback
in place.
1-5
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can not do their
job when you are reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can not do its job because it
will not be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
1-6
The lap belt can not do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at your
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
Head Restraints
Press the button on the side of the head restraint
to adjust it.
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
1-7
Passenger Folding Seatback
The front passenger’s seatback folds flat. To fold the
seatback, do the following:
1. Lift the bar under the seat to unlock it.
2. Slide the seat as far back as it will go and release
the bar. Try to move the seat with your body to
make sure it is locked into place.
3. Lift the recliner lever, located on the outside of the
seat, and fold the seat forward until the seatback
disengages. Continue to fold the seat forward until it
locks in the folded position. Pull up on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
{CAUTION:
If you fold the seatback forward to carry longer
objects, such as skis, be sure any such cargo
is not near an airbag. In a crash, an inflating
airbag might force that object toward a person.
This could cause severe injury or even death.
Secure objects away from the area in which an
airbag would inflate. For more information, see
“Where Are the airbags?” and “Loading Your
Vehicle,” in the Index.
Rear Seats
Split Folding Rear Seat
The rear split bench seatbacks have three available
positions — folded forward, upright, or partially reclined.
Each of the rear seatbacks can be moved to any of
the three positions independent of the other seatback
position.
1-8
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted will not provide
the protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After raising the rear seatback, always check
to be sure that the safety belts are properly
routed and attached, and are not twisted.
Lift the lever on the upper back corner of the seatback
to move it to the desired position and then release
it. Push and pull on the seatback to be sure it is locked
in place.
Prior to lowering the seatback, ensure all three of the
seatbelts are unbuckled and the front seats are not
reclined.
1-9
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she can not
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you are not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up.
See Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-28.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here is why: They work.
1-10
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you do not know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person would not
survive. But most crashes are in between. In many of
them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes
walk away. Without belts they could have been badly
hurt or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up
does matter...a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a seat on
wheels.
1-11
Put someone on it.
1-12
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
or the instrument panel...
1-13
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident
if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you are upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That is why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-14
A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of them. Every airbag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you are in a vehicle that has
airbags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That is true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are in an
accident — even one that is not your fault — you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver does not protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
First, you will want to know which restraint systems
your vehicle has.
We will start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-28
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-31. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
1-15
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-28.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
1-16
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you. Adjust the
height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is centered
on your shoulder. The belt should be away from your
face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would
be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
To move it down, squeeze the release button and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can
move the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder
belt guide. After you move the adjuster to where you
want it, try to move it down without squeezing the
release button to make sure it has locked into position.
1-17
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-18
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-19
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm.
It should be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-20
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you would not have the full
width of the belt to spread impact forces.
If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can
work properly, or ask your retailer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
1-21
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they do not wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of
the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it is more
likely that the fetus will not be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
1-22
Right Front Passenger Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-15.
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here is how to wear one properly.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt — except for one
thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out
all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all
the way and start again.
Rear Seat Passengers
It is very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in
the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the
belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
1-23
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-28.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-24
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would
be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a
crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of
the retractor.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
If you would like to have rear shoulder belt comfort
guides installed on your vehicle, contact your retailer.
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide available for each outside passenger
position in the rear seat. To provide added safety belt
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and booster seats and for smaller adults, the comfort
guides may be installed on the shoulder belts. Here is
how to install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-25
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-26
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the
belt into the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the
guide on top.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-23.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of
the guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage
clip, and then slide the guide onto the clip. Turn the
guide and clip inward and slide them in between
the seatback and the interior body, leaving only the
loop of elastic cord exposed.
1-27
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. Although
you cannot see them, they are located on the retractor
part of the safety belts for the driver and right front
passenger. They help the safety belts reduce a person’s
forward movement in a moderate to severe frontal or
near frontal crash.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you will need to get new ones, and probably other
new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-58.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your retailer will
order you an extender. It is free. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. To help avoid
personal injury, do not let someone else use it, and
use it only for the seat it is made to fit. The extender
has been designed for adults. Never use it for securing
child seats. To wear it, just attach it to the regular
safety belt. For more information see the instruction
sheet that comes with the extender.
1-28
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can not properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
1-29
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
If the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would have
the restraint that belts provide. If the child is so
small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the
child’s face or neck, you might want to place the
child in a seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle
has one.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
1-30
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby does not weigh
much — until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h),
a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a
240 lb (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate restraint.
1-31
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its airbag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
1-32
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into
the restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest part of an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
always should be secured in appropriate
infant restraints.
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
1-33
Child Restraint Systems
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-34
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
1-35
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to
be secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s
belt system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps
that come down over each of the infant’s shoulders
and buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two
hip straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take
the place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has
shoulder straps that are attached to a flat pad which
rests low against the child’s body. A shelf- or
armrest-type shield has straps that are attached
to a wide, shelf-like shield that swings up or to
the side.
1-36
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system or
the LATCH system in your vehicle, but the child also
has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the
chance of personal injury. When securing an add-on
child restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not available,
obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We,
therefore, recommend that child restraints be secured
in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facing
infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing child
seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.
Never put a rear-facing child restraint in the front
passenger seat. Here is why:
Top Strap
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating airbag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in a rear seat.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat, always move
the front passenger seat as far back as it will
go. It is better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap
being anchored. Others require the top strap always
to be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires
that the top strap be anchored, do not use the restraint
unless it is anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one
can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not
a kit is available.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle — even when no
child is in it.
1-37
{CAUTION:
Each top tether bracket is designed to anchor
only one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single bracket could
cause the anchor to come loose or even break
during a crash. A child or others could be
injured if this happens. To help prevent injury
to people and damage to your vehicle, attach
only one child restraint per bracket.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to an anchor point specified in
Top Strap Anchor Location on page 1-39. Be sure to
use an anchor point located on the same side of
the vehicle as the seating position where the child
restraint will be placed.
1-38
Once you have the top strap anchored, you will be
ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Top Strap Anchor Location
Your vehicle has one of the following top strap anchors
already installed for the rear seating positions.
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger’s position if a national or local law requires
that the top strap be anchored, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that the top strap
must be anchored. There is no place to anchor the top
strap in this position.
Anchor the top strap to one of the anchor points
shown in the illustration. Be sure to use an anchor
point located on the same side of the vehicle as the
seating position where the child restraint will be placed.
If you have an adjustable head restraint, raise the
head restraint and route the top strap under it.
{CAUTION:
Each top tether bracket is designed to anchor
only one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single bracket could
cause the anchor to come loose or even break
during a crash. A child or others could be
injured if this happens. To help prevent injury
to people and damage to your vehicle, attach
only one child restraint per bracket.
1-39
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You will find
anchors for each rear seating position.
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors and child restraint
attachments to secure the restraints. Some restraints
also use another vehicle anchor to secure a top
tether strap.
A. Lower Anchorage
B. Lower Anchorage
C. Top Tether
1-40
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached
to its anchorage points, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured or
killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type child
restraint is properly installed using the
anchorage points, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
A. Lower Anchorage
B. Lower Anchorage
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint designed for that system.
To assist you in locating the lower anchorages for
this child restraint system, each seating position with the
LATCH system has a visible metal anchorage point in
the seat where the seatback meets the seat cushion.
1-41
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
1. Find the LATCH anchorages for the seating
position you want to use, where the bottom of the
seatback meets the back of the seat cushion.
See Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach and tighten the LATCH attachments on
the child restraint to the LATCH anchorages in
the vehicle. The child restraint instructions will
show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchorage.
The child restraint instructions will show you
how. Also see Top Strap on page 1-37.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the
top tether from the top tether anchorage and then
disconnect the LATCH attachments from the
LATCH anchorages.
1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40. See Top Strap
on page 1-37 if the child restraint has one.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. The safety belts in the rear outside seating positions
have a child restraint locking feature. If you are
using a rear outside seating position, pull the rest of
the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor
to set the lock.
1-43
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. If you are using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-44
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40. See Top Strap
on page 1-37 if the child restraint has one.
There is no top strap anchor in the right front
passenger’s position. Do not secure a child seat in this
position if a national or local law requires that the
top strap be anchored, or if the instructions that come
with the child restraint say that the top strap must
be anchored.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag.
Never put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat.
Here is why:
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating airbag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in a rear seat.
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facing
child restraint. If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat, you will be using the
lap-shoulder belt to secure the child restraint. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when
and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger
airbag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See Manual Seats on page 1-2.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1-45
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-46
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. You may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-47
Airbag Systems
This part explains the air bag systems.
Your vehicle has a frontal air bag for the driver and
another frontal air bag for the right front passenger. Your
vehicle may also have roof mounted side impact air
bags. Roof mounted side impact air bags are available
for the driver and the passenger seated directly
behind the driver and for the right front passenger and
the passenger seated directly behind that passenger.
If your vehicle has side impact air bags, the words
AIR BAG will appear on the air bag covering on
the ceiling near the driver’s and right front passenger’s
window.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you are not wearing your safety belt — even if
you have airbags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected
from it. Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. All airbags are designed to
work with safety belts but do not replace them.
Frontal airbags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to deploy only in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
crashes. They are not designed to inflate in
rollover, rear or low-speed frontal crashes,
or in many side crashes. And, for some
unrestrained occupants, frontal airbags
may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful airbags have
provided in the past. The roof-mounted
side impact airbags are designed to inflate
only in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the side of your vehicle.
CAUTION:
1-48
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
They are not designed to inflate in frontal,
in rollover or in rear crashes. Everyone in
your vehicle should wear a safety belt
properly — whether or not there is an airbag
for that person.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact airbags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you are too close to an inflating airbag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward,
it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for airbag inflation before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Occupants
should not lean on or sleep against the door.
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see Older Children on page 1-28 or Infants and
Young Children on page 1-31.
1-49
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the air
bag symbol.
Where Are the Airbags?
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-28
for more information.
The driver’s frontal airbag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-50
The right front passenger’s frontal airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
If your vehicle has a side impact airbag for the driver
and the person seated directly behind the driver,
it is in the ceiling above the side windows.
1-51
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has a side impact airbag for the right
front passenger and the person seated directly behind
that passenger, it is in the ceiling above the side
windows.
1-52
If something is between an occupant and an
airbag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating airbag must be kept clear. Do not put
anything between an occupant and an airbag,
and do not attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other
airbag covering. And, if your vehicle has
roof-mounted side impact airbags, never
secure anything to the roof of your vehicle
by routing the rope or tiedown through any
door or window opening. If you do, the path
of an inflating side impact airbag will be
blocked. The path of an inflating airbag must
be kept clear.
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal airbags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact exceeds a predetermined deployment
threshold. Deployment thresholds take into account
a variety of desired deployment and non-deployment
events and are used to predict how severe a crash
is likely to be in time for the airbags to inflate and help
restrain the occupants. Whether your frontal airbags
will or should deploy is not based on how fast your
vehicle is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit,
the direction of the impact and how quickly your
vehicle slows down.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wal
that does not move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 14 mph (14 to 23 km/h). (The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so
that it can be somewhat above or below this range.)
Airbags may inflate at different crash speeds. For
example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the airbag
• If the object deforms, the airbag could inflate at a
different crash speed than if the object does not
deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole) the
airbag could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a wide object (like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle the
airbag could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.
The frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger)
are not intended to inflate during vehicle rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not likely help the occupants.
Side impact airbags are designed to inflate in moderate
to severe side crashes. A side impact airbag will
inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact airbags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
likely help the occupant. A side impact airbag will
only deploy on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
could inflate at a different crash speed than if
the object were moving.
1-53
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an
airbag should have inflated simply because of the
damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair
costs were. For frontal airbags, inflation is determined
by the angle of the impact and how quickly the
vehicle slows down in frontal and near-frontal impacts.
For side impact airbags, inflation is determined by
the location and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For
both frontal and side impact airbags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the airbag. The inflator, airbag, and related
hardware are all part of the airbag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of
the right front passenger. For vehicles with side impact
airbags, the airbag modules are located in the ceiling
of the vehicle, near the side windows.
1-54
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The airbag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the
frontal airbags would not help you in many types
of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many
side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward the airbag. Side impact airbags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including frontal
or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those airbags. Airbags should never be regarded
as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal airbags, and only in moderate to severe
side collisions for vehicles with a driver’s and right front
passenger’s side impact airbag.
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates?
After the airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the airbag
inflated. Some components of the airbag module will be
hot for a short time. These components include the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s frontal airbag and the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag. For vehicles with side impact airbags, the ceiling
of your vehicle near the side windows will be hot. The
parts of the bag that come into contact with you may
be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be
some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated airbags. Airbag inflation does not prevent the
driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is
safe to do so. If you have breathing problems
but can not get out of the vehicle after an
airbag inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an airbag deployment,
you should seek medical attention.
Your vehicle may have a feature that will automatically
unlock the doors, turn the interior dome lamp on
and flash the daytime running lights on and off when
the airbags inflate (if battery power is available). You can
lock the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by
using the door lock and interior lamp controls. You must
first, however, turn your ignition key to the following
ignition switch positions:
1. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
2. Turn the ignition key to RUN.
3. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
1-55
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an airbag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once. After
an airbag inflates, you will need some new parts
for your airbag system. If you do not get them, the
airbag system will not be there to help protect
you in another crash. A new system will include
airbag modules and possibly other parts. The
service manual for your vehicle covers the need
to replace other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information after
a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders on page 7-7.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your airbag
system. Improper service can mean that your
airbag system will not work properly. See your
Saturn retailer for service.
1-56
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the right front passenger’s airbag, or the side
impact airbag covering on the ceiling near the
side windows, the airbag may not work properly.
You may have to replace the airbag module in
the steering wheel, both the airbag module and the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
airbag, or side impact airbag module and ceiling
covering for roof-mounted side impact airbags.
Do not open or break the airbag coverings.
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are airbag system parts in several places around
your vehicle. You do not want the system to inflate
while someone is working on your vehicle. Your Saturn
retailer and the Saturn Service Manual have information
about servicing your vehicle and the airbag system.
To purchase a service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-9.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an airbag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close
to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the
airbag system. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: If I add a luggage carrier or sunroof to the roof
of my vehicle, will it keep the roof-mounted side
impact airbags from working properly?
A: As long as the luggage carrier or sunroof is
properly installed so that the vehicle’s basic
structure is not changed, it is not likely to keep the
roof-mounted side impact airbags from working
properly in a crash.
The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-57
Restraint System Check
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The airbag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-58
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems
in your vehicle. A damaged restraint system
may not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in
a crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if
worn during a more severe crash, then you need
new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the
belt or LATCH system was not being used at the time
of the collision.
If the frontal airbags inflate you will also need to replace
the driver and front passenger’s safety belt retractor
assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new retractor
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
After a crash you may need to replace the driver and
front passenger’s safety belt retractor assemblies, even
if the frontal airbags have not deployed. The driver
and front passenger’s safety belt retractor assemblies
contain the safety belt pretensioners. Have your
safety belt pretensioners checked if your vehicle has
been in a collision, or if your airbag readiness light stays
on after you start your vehicle or while you are driving.
See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-28.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system earlier
in this section.
1-59
✍ NOTES
1-60
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-2
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-4
Doors and Locks .............................................2-7
Door Locks ....................................................2-7
Power Door Locks ..........................................2-8
Delayed Locking .............................................2-8
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................2-9
Rear Door Security Locks ................................2-9
Lockout Protection ........................................2-10
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................2-10
Liftgate ........................................................2-10
Windows ........................................................2-11
Manual Windows ..........................................2-11
Power Windows ............................................2-12
Sun Visors ...................................................2-12
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-13
Passlock® ....................................................2-13
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-14
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-14
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-14
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-15
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-17
Automatic Transaxle Operation .......................2-18
Manual Transaxle Operation ...........................2-21
Parking Brake ..............................................2-23
Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) ........2-24
Shifting Out of Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) .....2-26
Parking Your Vehicle (Manual Transaxle) ...........2-26
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-27
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-27
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....2-28
Mirrors ...........................................................2-29
Manual Rearview Mirror .................................2-29
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
OnStar®, Compass and Temperature
Display ....................................................2-29
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
Compass and Temperature Display ..............2-31
Outside Manual Mirrors ..................................2-33
Outside Power Mirrors ...................................2-34
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-34
OnStar® System .............................................2-35
Storage Areas ................................................2-36
Glove Box ...................................................2-36
Center Console Storage Area .........................2-36
Garment Hooks ............................................2-36
Load Floor Storage Box .................................2-37
Roof Rack System ........................................2-37
Sunroof .........................................................2-38
2-1
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. They
could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. The
children or others could be badly injured or
even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
One key is used for the ignition and all of the locks.
Key code information can be obtained only at the retailer
where your vehicle was purchased. These code
numbers can be used to make new keys. Additional
keys that are needed can be made at any retail service
facility provided you have the key code information.
Store this information in a safe place, but not in
your vehicle.
2-2
Have extra keys made. Your service parts department
can make extra keys for you.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
Remote Keyless Entry System
The remote keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement or
resynchronization is necessary. See “Battery
Replacement” and “Resynchronization” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-4.
• If you are still having trouble, see your Saturn
retailer or authorized service provider for service.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
With this feature, you can lock and unlock the doors
from about 32 feet (10 m) away using the remote
keyless entry transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Q (Lock): Press this
button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter
to lock the doors.
This also arms the
theft-deterrent system. See
“Theft-Deterrent System”
following for information on
arming the theft-deterrent
system.
" (Unlock):
Press this button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter to unlock the driver’s door.
This also disarms the theft-deterrent system. See
“Theft-Deterrent System” following for information on
disarming the theft-deterrent system. Press the button
again within 5 seconds to unlock the rest of the doors.
Your vehicle can be programmed so that the parking
lamps or DRL will flash and/or the horn will sound when
you unlock the doors with the remote keyless entry
transmitter. See your retailer for more information on
programming this feature.
L(Panic Alarm): Press the button with the horn
symbol when the ignition is turned off. The horn
will sound and the parking lamps or DRL and dome
lamp will flash for up to two minutes. To stop the
panic alarm, press this button again.
Theft-Deterrent System
Your vehicle can be programmed so that the parking
lamps or Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) will flash
and/or the horn will sound when you lock the doors with
the remote keyless entry transmitter. See your retailer
for more information on programming this feature.
2-4
The remote keyless entry transmitter is used to
arm/disarm the theft-deterrent system. Your vehicle’s
theft-deterrent system can be programmed to three
different modes.
Active Arming: The system will arm when the lock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed. The system will disarm when the unlock button
is pressed.
Passive Arming: The system will arm itself one minute
after the ignition is turned off and the driver’s door
has been opened and closed. If the lock button on the
transmitter is pressed before the minute has passed, the
system will arm immediately. The system will disarm
when the unlock button is pressed.
Security System Disable: The system will not arm.
To change the mode that your vehicle is programmed to,
do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACC.
2. Press the panic alarm button on the transmitter
slowly four times within five seconds.
3. You must complete one of the following within three
seconds to change the mode.
• To select the active arming mode, press the lock
button on the transmitter.
• To select the passive arming mode, press the
lock button on the transmitter twice within
3 seconds.
• To select the security system disable mode,
press the unlock button on the transmitter.
A chime will sound once the mode has been selected.
If you accidentally set off the alarm when entering/exiting
the vehicle, you can shut it off by pressing any button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter other than
the panic alarm button.
If you hear three horn chirps when you press the unlock
button on the transmitter, that means the vehicle’s
alarm was triggered while you were away.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your retailer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your retailer. When the retailer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your retailer has coded
the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of
four transmitters matched to it.
2-5
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter will not
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it is probably time to change the battery.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
1. Use a flat thin object to pry open the transmitter.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil or
similar object to remove the old battery. Do not use
a metal object.
3. Insert the new battery as the instructions under the
cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Check the operation of the transmitter.
If the transmitter does not work, try synchronizing your
transmitter with your receiver. See “Resynchronization”
for more information.
Resynchronization
This is used to keep the transmitter of the vehicle
communicating with the receiver of the vehicle.
Resynchronization may be required due to the security
method used by this system.
Your vehicle has an automatic resynchronization
function built into the system. If your transmitter is not
working properly and you have to manually
resynchronize, press the lock and unlock buttons at the
same time for seven seconds while you are near
your vehicle. The doors will lock or unlock, depending
on their starting position. If they do not, contact
your retailer for service.
2-6
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
There are several ways to manually lock your vehicle.
To lock a door from the outside, turn the key toward the
front of the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked,
the handle will not open it. You increase
the chance of being thrown out of the
vehicle in a crash if the doors are not
locked. So, wear safety belts properly
and lock the doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
From the inside, move the lock control on the door.
2-7
Power Door Locks
Delayed Locking
A chime will sound three times to indicate a door is
open when you try to lock the doors with the remote
keyless entry transmitter or the power door lock switch.
The doors will not lock, and the theft-deterrent system
will not arm until all the doors are closed and five
seconds have passed.
The delayed locking feature can be overridden by
pressing the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter, or the door lock switch, a second time.
The doors will lock immediately and when all doors
are closed the theft-deterrent system will arm after
30 seconds.
Press the bottom half of the switch on either front
door to lock all of the doors. Push the top half of
the switch to unlock all of the doors. The unlocked
door indicators on the manual door lock pins will
be hidden when the doors are locked.
2-8
To get the horn to chirp if a door was open during the
arming process, you must press the lock button on your
transmitter twice after the doors are closed.
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
With this feature, all the doors will lock as the
transaxle is shifted out of PARK (P) if the ignition key
is in RUN and all doors are closed. The doors will
automatically lock if the vehicle is going faster than
3 mph (5 km/h).
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle has rear door security locks that prevent
passengers from opening the rear doors from the inside.
The rear door security
locks are located on the
inside edge of each
rear door.
In the following two situations, when a door is opened,
all doors will lock again:
• The brake pedal is applied, a door is opened and
then closed, and the brake pedal is released.
• A door is opened and closed without the brake
pedal applied while the vehicle is moving faster
than 3 mph (5 km/h).
When programmed, all doors will unlock when the key
is removed from the ignition.
The programmable unlocking feature can be
programmed on or off by turning the ignition key to
RUN and pressing the unlock power door lock switch
for eight seconds. The horn will chirp once when
this feature is on and will chirp twice when it is off.
To set the rear door security locks, do the following:
1. Insert the key into the lock above the rear door
security lock label and turn it clockwise for the
driver’s side and counterclockwise for the
passenger’s side.
2. Close the door.
2-9
When you want to open a rear door when the security
lock is on, do the following:
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless entry
transmitter, the power door lock switch, or by
lifting the rear door manual lock.
2. Open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Insert the key into the slot next to the rear door
security lock label and turn it counterclockwise
for the driver’s side and clockwise for the
passenger’s side.
Lockout Protection
If you press the power door lock switch when the key is in
the ignition and any door is open, all the doors will lock
and then the driver’s door will unlock. Be sure to remove
the key from the ignition when locking your vehicle.
If the keyless entry transmitter is used to lock the doors
and the key is in the ignition, a chime will sound
three times. All doors will lock.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, open your door and set the
locks from the inside. Then get out and close the door.
2-10
Liftgate
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even
death. If you must drive with the liftgate open
or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System on page 3-21.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-27.
Vehicles with Power Door Locks
Use your keyless entry transmitter or power door locks
to unlock the liftgate. To open it, lift the handle
located in the center of the liftgate.
Vehicles with Manual Door Locks
The liftgate will lock when the gear shifter is moved
out of PARK (P). Your key will unlock the liftgate.
To open it, lift the handle located in the center of
the liftgate.
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat
and suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a
helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle,
especially with the windows closed in warm
or hot weather.
Manual Windows
If your vehicle has manual windows, use the window
crank to open and close each window.
2-11
Express-Down Window
Power Windows
If your vehicle has this
feature the switches are
located on each side of the
shift lever on the console.
The driver’s window switch has an express-down
feature that is labeled AUTO. Press the switch all the
way down and hold it there momentarily, and the driver’s
window will go all the way down. To stop the automatic
function, lift the switch all the way up and release it.
Window Lock Out
The driver’s window controls also include a lock-out
switch. Press the window lock switch to the left to stop
rear passengers from using their window switches.
The driver can still control all the windows with the lock
on. Press the right side of the window lock button to
return to normal window operation.
To open a window press the switch down and lift up
to close it.
The power windows can operate only when the ignition
key is in RUN or ACC.
A rear window switch is located on each rear door.
Press the bottom half of the switch to open the window
and the top to close it.
2-12
Sun Visors
To block out glare swing the visors down or to the side.
Visor Vanity Mirrors
Your vehicle has covered visor vanity mirrors. Some
models have illuminated visor vanity mirrors for
the driver only or for the driver and right front passenger.
When you lift the cover the light will automatically
come on, even when the ignition is off.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.
Passlock®
®
Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock
theft-deterrent system.
This light will come on for
the theft-deterent system.
During normal operation, the security light will go off
approximately five seconds after the key is turned
to RUN following an engine start.
If the engine stalls and the security light flashes, wait
until the light stops flashing before trying to restart
the engine. Remember to release the key from START
as soon as the engine starts.
If the engine is running and the security light comes on,
you will be able to restart the engine if you turn the
engine off. However, your Passlock® system is
not working properly and must be serviced by your
retailer. Your vehicle is not protected by Passlock®
at this time. You may also want to check the fuses,
see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-98. See your
retailer for service. Also, see Roadside Assistance
Program on page 7-6 for more information.
Passlock® is a passive theft-deterrent system.
Passlock® enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is
turned with a valid key. If a correct key is not used or the
ignition lock cylinder is tampered with, fuel is disabled.
2-13
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
Ignition Positions
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
break-in. But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
• Do not drive at any one speed, fast or slow,
for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not make
full-throttle starts.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear
and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing
a Trailer on page 4-55 for more information.
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn it to four
different positions.
LOCK q: This position locks your steering column in a
vehicle with a manual transaxle. It is a theft-deterrent
feature. You will only be able to remove your key when
the ignition is turned to LOCK.
If you have an automatic transaxle, the ignition switch
cannot be turned to LOCK unless the shift lever is
in PARK (P).
2-14
Notice: If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you
cannot turn it, be sure you are using the correct
key; if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. Turn the key only with your hand. Using a
tool to force it could break the key or the ignition
switch. If none of these works, then your vehicle
needs service.
{CAUTION:
If you have a manual transaxle removing the
key from the ignition switch will lock the
steering column and result in a loss of ability to
steer the vehicle. This could cause a collision.
If you need to turn the engine off while the
vehicle is moving, turn the key to ACC.
ACC (Accessory): This position operates some of your
electrical accessories. It unlocks the steering wheel
and ignition.
RUN: This is the position the switch returns to after you
start your engine and release the switch. The switch
stays in the RUN position when the engine is running.
But even when the ignition is not running, you can use
RUN to operate your electrical accessories and to
display some warning and indicator lights.
r START: This position starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch
will return to RUN for normal driving.
A warning tone will sound if you open the driver’s door
when the key has not been removed from the ignition.
Starting Your Engine
Automatic Transaxle
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position — that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift into
PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.
Manual Transaxle
The gear selector should be in NEUTRAL and the parking
brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor and
start the engine. Your vehicle won’t start if the clutch
pedal is not all the way down – that’s a safety feature.
2-15
Starting Your Engine
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts,
let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer
than 15 seconds at a time will cause your battery
to be drained much sooner. And the excessive
heat can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining
your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start, wait about 15 seconds and try
again to start the engine by turning the ignition
key to START. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try.
When your engine has run about 10 seconds
to warm up, your vehicle is ready to be driven.
Don’t “race” your engine when it’s cold.
If the weather is below freezing (32°F or 0°C),
let the engine run for a few minutes to warm up.
2-16
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing,
but this time keep the pedal down for five or
six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from
the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
Engine Coolant Heater
If your vehicle has this feature, in very cold weather
0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine coolant heater
can help. You will get easier starting and better
fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually, the
coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures
above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant heater is not
required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The cord is located on the driver’s side of the
engine compartment, behind the battery.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you do not, it could be
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you will be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice
for that particular area.
2-17
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Five-Speed Automatic and VTi Variable
If your vehicle is equipped with either the five-speed
automatic transaxle or the VTi variable automatic
transaxle, the shift lever is located on the console
between the seats.
There are several different positions for the automatic
transaxle.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels. It is
the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle cannot move easily.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always
set your parking brake and move the shift
lever to PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle) on page 2-24. If you
are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-55.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to
fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift
from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in RUN.
2-18
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure
on the shift lever — push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) and also release the shift lever button
as you maintain brake application. Then move the
shift lever into the gear you wish. Press the shift lever
button before moving the shift lever. See Shifting Out
of Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) on page 2-26.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does not
connect with the wheels. To restart when you are
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
{CAUTION:
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
snow, ice or sand without damaging your transaxle,
see If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
on page 4-44.
For vehicles with the VTi variable transaxle, if you
accidentally shift into REVERSE (R) while the vehicle
is moving forward or into DRIVE (D) while the vehicle
is moving backward, the transaxle will remain in
NEUTRAL (N) to protect itself.
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine racing may damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not racing when shifting
your vehicle.
Notice: Shifting to a drive gear from NEUTRAL (N)
while the vehicle is moving could damage the
transaxle. Make sure the vehicle is stopped before
shifting from NEUTRAL (N) into a drive gear.
2-19
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is for
normal driving with the automatic transaxle. If you need
more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator all the way down.
INTERMEDIATE (I): This position is also used for
normal driving, however, it offers more power and lower
fuel economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
Here are some times you might choose
INTERMEDIATE (I) instead of AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D):
• When driving on hilly, winding roads.
• When going down a steep hill.
LOW (L): This position gives you more power but lower
fuel economy. You can use LOW (L) on hills. It can
help control your speed as you go down steep mountain
roads, but then you would also want to use your
brakes off and on.
2-20
Notice: If you drive in LOW (L) for more than
25 miles (40 km) or at speeds over 55 mph (90 km/h),
you could damage your engine and/or transaxle.
Use DRIVE (D) or INTERMEDIATE (I) as much
as possible. Shift into LOW (L) only if your vehicle
is going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h).
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle
in one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transaxle. If you are stuck,
do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Shift Lock Release
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still cannot
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the key.
2. Carefully pry the shift lock override cover from the
floor shift console.
Manual Transaxle Operation
Five-Speed
This is your shift pattern.
3. Insert the end of your ignition key into the slot
and press down firmly.
4. Apply the brake and move the shift lever to
NEUTRAL (N).
5. While maintaining brake application, start the
vehicle and move the shift lever into the desired
gear position.
6. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as possible.
Here’s how to operate your transaxle:
FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into
FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
you press the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into FIRST (1) when you’re going less
than 20 mph (32 km/h). If you’ve come to a complete
stop and it’s hard to shift into FIRST (1), put the
shift lever in NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch. Press
the clutch pedal back down. Then shift into FIRST (1).
2-21
SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up
on the accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND (2).
Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press
the accelerator pedal.
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5): Shift into
THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5), the same way
you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press the
brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press
the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift to
NEUTRAL.
Shift Speeds
{CAUTION:
If you skip a gear when you downshift, you
could lose control of your vehicle. You could
injure yourself or others. Don’t shift down more
than one gear at a time when you downshift.
Up-Shift Light
NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle
your engine.
If you have a manual
transaxle, you may have
an up-shift light. This
light will show you when to
shift to the next higher
gear for the best fuel
economy.
REVERSE (R): To back up, press down the clutch
pedal, lift up the ring on the shift lever and shift
into REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch pedal slowly
while pressing the accelerator pedal.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake,
for parking your vehicle.
2-22
United States Only
When this light comes on, you can shift to the next
higher gear if weather, road and traffic conditions let you.
For the best fuel economy, accelerate slowly and shift
when the light comes on.
While you accelerate, it is normal for the light to go
on and off if you quickly change the position of
the accelerator. Ignore the light when you downshift.
To set the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down
and pull up on the parking brake lever. If the ignition is
on, the brake system warning light will come on.
Notice: If you skip more than one gear when
you downshift, or if you race the engine when you
release the clutch pedal while downshifting, you
could damage the engine, clutch, driveshaft or the
transmission. Do not skip gears or race the
engine when downshifting.
To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal
down. Pull the parking brake lever up until you can press
the release button. Hold the release button in as you
move the brake lever all the way down.
Parking Brake
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
Make sure to release the parking brake before driving
the vehicle.
The parking brake lever is located between the seats.
2-23
Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will
not move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, use the steps that follow. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-55.
1. Hold the brake pedal down and set the
parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into the PARK (P) position
like this:
• Hold in the button on the shift lever.
2-24
• Push the lever all the way toward the front of
your vehicle.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of
the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and
then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle) on page 2-24.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold
the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can
move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first
pushing the button. If you can, it means that the
shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-25
Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transaxle)
Parking Your Vehicle
(Manual Transaxle)
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition is in RUN. See Automatic Transaxle
Operation on page 2-18.
Before leaving your vehicle, fully press the clutch pedal
in, move the shift lever into REVERSE (R), and firmly
apply the parking brake. Once the shift lever has
been placed in REVERSE (R) with the clutch pedal
pressed in, you can turn the ignition key to LOCK,
remove the key and release the clutch.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever — push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P), as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. (Press
the shift lever button before moving the shift lever).
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift
out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the key to LOCK.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have your vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-26
See Manual Transaxle Operation on page 2-21.
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you cannot see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-27
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-27.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 4-40.
2-28
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always
set your parking brake and move the shift
lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle)
on page 2-24.
If you are parking on a hill and if you are pulling a
trailer, also see Towing a Trailer on page 4-55.
Mirrors
Temperature and Compass Display
Manual Rearview Mirror
Press the on/off button, located to the far left, briefly to
turn the comp/temp display on or off.
When you are sitting in a comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind your
vehicle. Grip the mirror in the center to move it up
or down and side to side. The day/night adjustment
allows you to adjust the mirror to avoid glare from the
lamps behind you. Pull the tab forward for daytime use;
push it back for night use.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®, Compass and
Temperature Display
If the display reads CAL, the compass needs to be
calibrated. See the information following on calibration.
To adjust between Fahrenheit and Celsius do the
following:
1. Press and hold the on/off button for approximately
four seconds until either a flashing °F, or °C
appears.
2. Press the button again to change the display to the
desired unit of measurement. After approximately
four seconds of inactivity, the new unit will be locked
in and the compass/temperature display will
return.
The vehicle may have this feature. When on, an
automatic dimming mirror automatically dims to the
proper level to minimize glare from lights behind
you after dark.
The mirror also includes a dual display in the upper
right corner of the mirror face. The compass reading and
the outside temperature will both appear in the display
at the same time.
P (On/Off):
This is the on/off button.
2-29
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
Compass Variance
The automatic dimming mirror function is turned
on automatically each time the ignition is started. To
operate the automatic dimming mirror do the following:
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass to
compensate for compass variance if you live outside of
zone eight. Under certain circumstances, as during a
long distance cross-country trip, it will be necessary to
adjust for compass variance. Compass variance is
the difference between earth’s magnetic north and true
geographic north. If not adjusted to account for
compass variance, your compass could give false
readings.
1. Make sure the green indicator light, located to
the left of the on/off button, is lit. If it’s not, press
and hold the on/off button for approximately
six seconds until the green light comes on,
indicating that the mirror is in automatic dimming
mode.
2. Turn off the automatic dimming mirror function
by pressing and holding the on/off button for
approximately six seconds until the green indicator
light turns off.
Compass Calibration
The compass may need calibration from time to time.
In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the mirror
compass windows. If CAL is not displayed, push in
the on/off button for approximately nine seconds or until
CAL is displayed.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the vehicle
in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display
reads a direction.
2-30
To adjust for compass variance do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the following zone map.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with Compass and Temperature
Display
If the vehicle has an automatic dimming mirror, it will
automatically dim to the proper level to minimize
glare from lights behind you after dark.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone
number appears in the display. The compass is
now in zone mode.
3. Keep pressing the on/off button until the desired
zone number appears in the display. Release the
button. After approximately four seconds of
inactivity, the new zone number will be locked in
and the comp/temp display will return.
The mirror also includes a display in the upper right
corner of the mirror face. The compass reading and the
outside temperature will both appear in the display at
the same time.
Temperature Display
The temperature can be displayed by pressing the
TEMP button. Pressing the TEMP button once briefly,
will toggle the temperature reading from Fahrenheit (°F),
Celsius (°C), to off.
2-31
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
Compass Variance
Press the COMP button to turn the automatic dimming
feature on and off. An indicator light on the bottom
of the mirror face will be on when the automatic dimming
feature is on.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass to
compensate for compass variance if you live outside
zone eight. Under certain circumstances, as during
a long distance cross-country trip, it will be necessary
to adjust for compass variance. Compass variance is the
difference between earth’s magnetic north and true
geographic north. If not adjusted to account for compass
variance, your compass could give false readings.
Compass Operation
Press the COMP button once briefly to turn the compass
on or off.
When compass feature is on, the compass will show the
direction the vehicle is traveling, with a maximum of
two characters.
Compass Calibration
The compass may need calibration from time to time.
In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the mirror
compass windows. If CAL is not displayed, push in
the COMP button for approximately six seconds or until
CAL is displayed.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the vehicle in
circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display
reads a direction.
2-32
To adjust for compass variance:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the following zone map.
Cleaning the Mirror
Use a paper towel or similar material dampened with
glass cleaner. Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the
mirror as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter
the mirror housing.
Outside Manual Mirrors
The manual outside rearview mirrors are adjusted by
moving the mirror glass by hand. Adjust each mirror so
that the side of the vehicle can be seen when sitting
in a comfortable driving position.
2. Press and hold the COMP button for five seconds
until a zone number appears in the display.
3. Press the COMP button on the bottom of the mirror
until the new zone number appears in the display.
After you stop pressing the button, the display
will show a compass direction within a few seconds.
2-33
Outside Power Mirrors
If the vehicle has this
feature, the controls are
located on the driver’s side
of the vehicle next to the
shift lever.
Move the selector switch to the left or right to choose
the mirror to be adjusted; then press the four-way control
pad to adjust the direction of the mirror.
2-34
Outside Convex Mirror
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
The passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so more can be seen from
the driver’s seat. It also makes things appear farther
away than they really are.
OnStar® System
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of OnStar® services and prepaid
calling minutes are also required for OnStar® Personal
Calling and OnStar® Virtual Advisor use. Terms and
conditions of the Subscription Service Agreement can be
found at www.onstar.com.
OnStar® Services
Your vehicle may have this feature. OnStar® uses
global positioning system (GPS) satellite technology,
wireless communications, and state of the art call
centers to provide you with a wide range of safety,
security, information and convenience services.
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your OnStar®-equipped
vehicle’s glove box literature. For more information, visit
www.onstar.com, contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827), or press the blue OnStar® button
to speak to an OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day,
7 days a week.
One of the following plans is normally included for a
specific duration with each vehicle equipped with
OnStar®. You can upgrade or extend your OnStar®
service plan to meet your needs.
Safe and Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
2-35
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan services
• Route Support
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
Luxury and Leisure Plan
• All Directions and Connections Plan services
• Personal Concierge
OnStar® Personal Calling
With OnStar® Personal Calling, you have a safer way to
stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free wireless
phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You can place
calls nationwide using voice-activated dialing with no
contracts and no additional roaming charges. To find out
more about OnStar® Personal Calling, refer to the
OnStar® owner’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box, or
call OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
With OnStar® Virtual Advisor you can listen to your
favorite news, entertainment and information topics,
such as traffic and weather reports, stock quotes
and sports scores. You listen to your e-mail through
your vehicle’s speakers, and reply with your hands on
the wheel and your eyes on the road.
Storage Areas
Glove Box
If your glove box is equipped with a lock, use the key to
lock and unlock the glove box. To open, lift the latch.
Center Console Storage Area
All models have a center console with storage area.
Garment Hooks
There are two, two-hanger capacity garment hooks in
the rear cargo area.
2-36
Load Floor Storage Box
Some models have a load floor storage box, which is
located in the rear of the vehicle. This storage space is
designed to hold small items.
Roof Rack System
If your vehicle is equipped with a roof rack system.
{CAUTION:
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier that
weighs more than 100 lbs (45 kg) or hangs over
the rear or sides of the vehicle may damage your
vehicle. Load cargo so that it rests on the slats
as far forward as possible and against the side rails,
making sure to fasten it securely.
Do not exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-49.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check frequently to ensure your cargo is securely
fastened.
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier — like paneling, plywood, a mattress
and so forth — the wind can catch it as you
drive along. This can cause you to lose
control. What you are carrying could be
violently torn off, and this could cause you or
other drivers to have a collision, and of course
damage your vehicle. You may be able to carry
something like this inside. But, never carry
something longer or wider than the luggage
carrier on top of your vehicle.
2-37
Sunroof
The vehicle may have an express-open sunroof.
The sunroof switch is
located above the
rearview mirror.
To operate the sunroof, the key must be in the RUN or
ACC position.
2-38
To express-open the sunroof glass panel and sunshade,
press the switch rearward and release it. The sunroof
can be stopped before it is completely open by pressing
the switch rearward again. To close, press and hold
the switch forward. The sunshade cannot be closed with
the glass panel open.
To vent, press the and hold the switch forward and
open the sunshade by hand. Press the switch rearward
to close it.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Horn .............................................................3-6
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-7
Windshield Wiper Lever ...................................3-9
Cruise Control (2.2L L4 Engine) ......................3-11
Cruise Control (3.5L V6 Engine) .....................3-14
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-17
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-19
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-20
Climate Controls ............................................3-21
Climate Control System .................................3-21
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ...................3-23
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............3-25
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-26
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-27
Tachometer .................................................3-27
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-28
Airbag Readiness Light ..................................3-28
Battery Warning Light ....................................3-29
Up-Shift Light ...............................................3-30
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-30
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-31
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light ...........................................3-32
Low Traction Light ........................................3-33
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light ...........................................3-33
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-34
Low Coolant Warning Light ............................3-34
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-35
Oil Pressure Light .........................................3-38
Change Engine Oil Light ................................3-39
Security Light ...............................................3-39
Reduced Engine Power Light .........................3-39
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light ...........................................3-40
Gate Ajar Light .............................................3-40
Service Vehicle Soon Light ............................3-40
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-41
Low Fuel Warning Light .................................3-42
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Audio System(s) .............................................3-42
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS) ........................3-43
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS) ........................3-43
AM-FM Radio ...............................................3-43
Radio with CD (Base Level) ...........................3-45
Radio with CD (MP3) ....................................3-49
3-2
Rear Seat Entertainment System ....................3-62
Theft-Deterrent Feature ..................................3-72
Radio Reception ...........................................3-74
Care of Your CDs and DVDs .........................3-75
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ...................3-75
Fixed Mast Antenna ......................................3-75
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............3-75
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets. See Climate Control System on
page 3-21.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7.
C. Cruise Control (If Equipped). See Cruise Control
(2.2L L4 Engine) on page 3-11 or Cruise Control
(3.5L V6 Engine) on page 3-14.
D. Horn. See Horn on page 3-6.
E. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-26.
F. Windshield Wiper Lever. See Windshield Wiper
Lever on page 3-9.
G. Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 3-6.
H. Dimmer Switch. See Interior Lamps on page 3-19.
I. Fog Lamps (If Equipped). See Interior Lamps on
page 3-19.
J. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 3-42.
K. Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 5-11.
L. Power Mirrors (If Equipped). See Outside Power
Mirrors on page 2-34.
M. Power Windows. See Power Windows on page 2-12.
N. Automatic Transaxle Shift Lever. See Automatic
Transaxle Operation on page 2-18.
O. Climate Control. See Climate Control System on
page 3-21.
P. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-36.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning
flasher button is located
near the center of the
instrument panel.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
turn the flashers off.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work. Make sure the hazard warning
flasher switch is all the way to the left for normal turn
signal operation.
Horn
You can sound the horn by pressing the horn symbols
on your steering wheel.
3-6
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Your vehicle has a tilt wheel which allows you to adjust
the steering wheel before you drive. You can raise it
to the highest level to give your legs more room when
you exit and enter the vehicle.
The lever that allows you
to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side
of the steering column.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
To tilt the wheel, hold the wheel and push the lever
down. Then, move the wheel to a comfortable position
and pull the lever up firmly to lock the column in
place.
•
•
•
•
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamps
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass Feature
For additional information on the exterior lamps,
see Exterior Lamps on page 3-17.
3-7
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To change the headlamps from low beam to high or
high beam to low, pull the turn signal lever all the way
towards you. Then release it.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
When the high beams
are on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
Flash-to-Pass
To signal a lane change, raise or lower the lever until
the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete
the lane change. The lever will return by itself when
you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
flash rapidly, a signal bulb may be burned out and other
drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when you
signal a turn, check the fuse, see Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-98 and for burned-out bulbs.
3-8
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps to
signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
To use it, pull the turn signal/multifunction lever toward
you until the high-beam headlamps come on, then
release the lever to turn them off.
Headlamps
The exterior lamp control is located on the turn
signal/multifunction lever.
O(Exterior Lamp Control):
Turn the control with this
symbol on it to operate the exterior lamps.
The exterior lamp control has the following three
positions:
Windshield Wiper Lever
9 (Off) (Base Level Only): Turn the control to this
position to turn off exterior lamps.
AUTO (Uplevel Only): If equipped, turn the control
to this position to put the headlamps in automatic mode.
AUTO mode will turn the exterior lamps on and off
depending upon how much light is available outside of
the vehicle.
; (Parking Lamps):
Turn the control to this
position to turn on the parking lamps together with
the following:
•
•
•
•
Sidemarker Lamps
The lever on the right side of the steering column
operates the windshield wipers.
Taillamps
8:
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
53 (Headlamps): Turning the control to this
position turns on the headlamps, together with the
previously listed lamps and lights.
Lamps On Reminder
If you open the driver’s door with the ignition off and
the lamps on, you will hear a warning chime.
Pull the lever down and release it for a single
wiping cycle. The lever will return to its original
position. For more cycles, hold the lever down before
releasing it.
9:
Put the lever in this position to turn off the wipers.
&:
Put the lever in this position to set a delay
between wipes. Turn the band on the lever to set the
length of the delay (1, 2, or 3).
OO: Put the lever in this position for slow, steady
wiping cycles.
3-9
OOOO: Put the lever in this position for rapid
wiping cycles.
Rear Window Wiper/Washer
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
gently loosen or thaw them. If the blades do become
damaged, install new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools down.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
{CAUTION:
There is a band on the wiper lever to operate the rear
wiper/washer.
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
9:
Pull the windshield wiper lever toward you to operate
the windshield wipers. Washer fluid will squirt onto
the windshield and the wipers will run for a few cycles
to clear the windshield. For more wash cycles, pull
the lever toward you and hold it there.
3-10
Put the band in this position to turn off the
rear wiper.
Z:
Put the band in this position to turn on the rear
wiper. This position will be slow, steady wiping cycles.
=(Wash):
Hold the band in this position to spray
washer fluid on the rear window. The rear wiper will also
come on. Release the band when enough fluid has
been sprayed on the window. The rear wiper will stay
on until you turn the band to OFF.
Cruise Control (2.2L L4 Engine)
Your vehicle may be equipped with cruise control.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long
trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will shut off.
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
cannot drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use your cruise control on winding roads
or in heavy traffic.
The buttons for the cruise control are located on the
steering wheel.
IO(Cruise On/Off): Push this button to turn the
system on and off.
IS (Resume/Accelerate):
Push this button to
make the vehicle resume a previously set speed or to
accelerate when cruise is already active.
– (Set/Coast): Press this button to set the speed or to
decrease the speed when cruise is already active.
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Do not use cruise
control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-10. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
turn the cruise control back on.
3-11
Setting Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can press the cruise control res/accel button.
You will go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you hold the res/accel button the vehicle will keep
going faster until you release the button or apply
the brake. So unless you want to go faster, do not hold
the res/accel button.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
1. Press the cruise on/off button. The indicator light
will come on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the set/coast button.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This, of course,
disengages the cruise control. But you don’t need
to reset it.
3-12
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the set/coast button, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed.
• Press the res/accel button. Hold it there until you
get up to the speed you want, and then release
the button. To increase your speed in very
small amounts, press the button briefly. Each
time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
• Press set/coast button until you reach the lower
speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press
the set/coast button. Each time you do this, you
will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to
a lower gear to keep your speed down. Applying the
brake or shifting into a lower gear will take you out
of cruise control. If you need to apply the brake or shift
to a lower gear due to the grade of the downhill
slope, you may not want to attempt to use your cruise
control feature.
Ending Cruise Control
To end a cruise control session, step lightly on the
brake pedal.
Stepping on the brake will end the current cruise control
session only. Press the cruise on/off button to turn off
the system completely.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
How well your cruise control will work on hills
depends upon your speed, load and the steepness of
the hills. When going up steep hills, you may have
to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
3-13
Cruise Control (3.5L V6 Engine)
Your vehicle may be equipped with cruise control.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long
trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will shut off.
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
cannot drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use your cruise control on winding roads
or in heavy traffic.
The buttons for the cruise control are located on the
steering wheel.
I(Cruise On/Off): Push this button to turn the
system on and off.
S (Resume/Accelerate): Push this button to make the
vehicle resume a previously set speed or to accelerate
when cruise is already active.
– (Set/Coast): Press this button to set the speed or to
decrease the speed when cruise is already active.
3-14
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Do not use cruise
control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-10.
Setting Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can press the cruise control res/accel button.
You will go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you hold the res/accel button the vehicle will keep
going faster until you release the button or apply
the brake. So unless you want to go faster, do not
hold the res/accel button.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
1. Press the cruise on/off button. The indicator light
will come on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the set/coast button.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This, of course,
disengages the cruise control. But you don’t need
to reset it.
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the set/coast button, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed.
• Press the res/accel button. Hold it there until you
get up to the speed you want, and then release
the button. To increase your speed in very
small amounts, press the button briefly. Each
time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
3-15
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
• Press set/coast button until you reach the lower
speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press
the set/coast button. Each time you do this, you
will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the
hills. When going up steep hills, you may have to step
on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
3-16
When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to
a lower gear to keep your speed down. Applying the
brake or shifting into a lower gear will take you out
of cruise control. If you need to apply the brake or shift
to a lower gear due to the grade of the downhill
slope, you may not want to attempt to use your cruise
control feature.
Ending Cruise Control
To end a cruise control session, step lightly on the
brake pedal.
Stepping on the brake will end the current cruise control
session only. Press the cruise on/off button to turn off
the system completely.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
Exterior Lamps
Headlamps
See Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7 for
more information on the headlamps.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make your low-beam headlamps
come on at a reduced brightness in daylight when
the following conditions are met:
• The ignition is on,
• the exterior lamp band is in the AUTO position,
• the transaxle is not in PARK (P),
• the light sensor determines it is daytime, and
• the parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, the low-beam headlamps will be
on at a reduced brightness. The taillamps, sidemarker
and other lamps will not be on. The instrument panel will
not be lit up either.
When you turn the exterior lamp band to the headlamp
position, your low-beam headlamps will come on.
The other lamps that come on with your headlamps will
also come on.
When you turn off the headlamps, the regular lamps will
go off, and your high-beam headlamps will come on
to the reduced brightness.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, move the shift
lever to PARK (P). The DRL will stay off until you move
the shift lever out of PARK (P). To override the DRL
on manual transaxle vehicles, you must set the parking
brake while the ignition is off and then start your
vehicle. The DRL will stay off until you release the
parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
3-17
Automatic Headlamp System
Fog Lamps
If your vehicle has this feature and when it is dark
enough outside, the headlamps will come on
automatically.
If your vehicle has this feature, use your fog lamps for
better visibility in foggy or misty conditions.
Your vehicle has a light
sensor located on top of
the instrument panel.
Make sure it is not
covered, or the headlamps
will be on when you
don’t need them.
The button for your fog
lamps is located in the
instrument panel above
the radio.
Push the button to turn the fog lamps on or off.
The system may also turn on the headlamps when
driving through a parking garage or tunnel.
When using fog lamps, the parking lamps or low-beam
headlamps must be on.
A light on the button will come on when the fog lamps
are actually on. Fog lamps will go off whenever the
high-beam headlamps come on. When the high-beam
headlamps go off, the fog lamps will come on again.
3-18
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
The thumbwheel for this
feature is located on the
instrument panel to the left
of the steering column.
After the door is opened the lights will remain on and
stay on for 20 seconds after the doors are closed,
or until you put the key in the ignition and turn the key
to RUN. The lights will then gradually dim until it is
no longer lit.
Dome Lamp
The dome lamp switch has three positions.
9(Off): The lamps will not come on as long as the
switch is in this position.
R(On):
The lamps will stay on as long as the switch
is in this position.
DOOR: The lamps will come on when a door is
opened. See “Entry Lighting” for more information.
Cargo Lamp
Turn the thumbwheel to the right to brighten the lights
or to the left to dim them.
Entry Lighting
If the dome lamp is in the DOOR position, the lamps
inside your vehicle will come on when any door is
opened. In addition, the lights will come on when the
remote keyless entry unlock button is pressed. It
will stay on for 20 seconds or until a door is opened.
The cargo lamp is located over the rear compartment.
It will come on if any door is opened or the dome lamp is
in the on position. See “Dome Lamp” previously.
Liftgate Lamps
The liftgate lamps are located on the bottom left and
right corner of the liftgate. They will come on when
the liftgate or any door is opened. The liftgate lamps can
be controlled by the dome lamp switch. See “Dome
Lamp” previously.
3-19
Map Lamps
The lamps are located on the headliner above the
rearview mirror. To turn the lamps on, press the lens.
Press the lens again to turn them off.
Battery Run-Down Protection
Your vehicle is equipped with a battery saver feature
designed to protect your vehicle’s battery.
When any interior lamp is left on and the ignition is
turned off, the battery rundown protection system will
automatically turn the lamp off after 20 minutes. This
will avoid draining the battery.
Accessory Power Outlets
The accessory power outlets can be used to connect
electrical equipment such as a cellular phone or
CB radio.
The accessory power outlets are located on the
instrument panel near the climate controls and on the
rear of the center console.
To use the outlets, remove the cover. When not in use,
always cover the outlet with the protective cap.
3-20
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem, see your retailer for additional information
on the accessory power outlet.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
installation instructions included with the equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
designed for accessory power plugs only.
Climate Controls
6 (Floor):
Climate Control System
A (Fan):
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets with some air directed to the windshield.
Turn the center knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
In any setting other than off, the fan will run continuously
with the ignition on. The fan must be turned on to run
the air conditioning compressor.
9 (Off): To turn the fan off, turn the center knob all
the way counterclockwise to the off position.
Temperature Control: Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
temperature inside your vehicle.
@ (Recirculate):
Operation
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
H (Vent):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or
to help heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more
quickly. An indicator light will come on in this mode.
Operation in this mode during periods of high humidity
and cool outside temperatures may result in increased
window fogging. If window fogging is experienced,
select the defrost mode.
) (Bi-Level):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets and to the floor outlets. Cooler air is directed
to the upper outlets and warmer air to the floor outlets.
3-21
#(Air Conditioning):
Press this button to turn the
air-conditioning system on or off. When this button
is pressed, an indicator light above the button will come
on to let you know the air conditioning is activated.
Air-conditioning can be selected in any mode as long as
the fan switch is on.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time
it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
the system to operate more efficiently.
For quick cool down on hot days:
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
(moisture) condensing on the cool window glass.
This can be minimized if the climate control system is
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or
frost from your windshield and side windows. Use the
defog mode to clear the windows of fog or moisture
and warm the passengers. Use the defrost mode
to remove fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.
For best results, clear all snow and ice from the
windshield before defrosting.
1. Select the recirculation mode.
Turn the left knob to select the defog or defrost mode.
2. Select air conditioning.
-(Defog): This mode directs air to the windshield,
side window outlets and floor outlets. When you select
this mode the system runs the air-conditioning
compressor. To defog the windows faster, turn the
temperature control knob clockwise to the warmest
setting.
3. Select the coolest temperature.
4. Select the highest fan speed.
Using these settings together for long periods of time
may cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too
dry. To prevent this from happening, after the air in
your vehicle has cooled, turn off the recirculation
by pressing the button again.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
3-22
0(Defrost):
This mode directs most of the air to the
windshield, with some air directed to the side window
outlets and the floor outlets. When you select this mode
the system runs the air-conditioning compressor. To
defrost the windows faster, turn the temperature control
knob clockwise to the warmest setting.
Rear Window Defogger
Outlet Adjustment
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
Use the louvers located on the air outlets to change
the direction of the airflow.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition is in RUN.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
< (Rear):
Press the button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light above the
button will come on to let you know that the rear window
defogger is activated.
The rear window defogger will stay on for approximately
15 minutes after the button is pressed, unless the
ignition is turned to ACC or LOCK. If turned on again,
the defogger will only run for approximately five minutes
before turning off. The defogger can also be turned
off by pressing the button again or by turning off
the engine.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar
to the defogger grid.
inlets at the base of the vehicle that may block
the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
If your vehicle has this feature, the passenger
compartment air, both outside air and recirculated air,
is routed through a passenger compartment filter.
The filter removes certain particles from the air, including
pollen and dust particles. Reductions in airflow, which
may occur more quickly in dusty areas, indicate that
the filter needs to be replaced early.
3-23
The filter should be replaced as part of routine
scheduled maintenance. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4 for replacement intervals. See your
retailer for details on changing the filter. To find out
what type of filter to use, see Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts on page 6-16.
The passenger compartment air filter can be accessed
from under the hood.
1. Remove the push
pins from the air filter
access panel.
3. Remove the air filter from the housing by depressing
the tab on the inboard side of the housing.
2. Remove the air filter access panel.
3-24
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that may
be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to your
warning lights and gages could also save you or others
from injury.
4. Remove the filter by sliding it out of the housing.
5. Install the new air filter.
When installing a new air filter make sure the
AIR FLOW arrow is pointing rearward.
6. Install the air filter access panel.
7. Install the air filter access panel push pins.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some warning
lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let
you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this
section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when there’s
a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on as
you are driving, or when one of the gages shows there
may be a problem, check the section that tells you what
to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting
to do repairs can be costly — and even dangerous. So
please get to know your warning lights and gages.
They’re a big help.
3-25
Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how the vehicle is running. You will know how fast
you are going, about how much fuel you have used, and many other things you will need to know to drive safely
and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
3-26
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles or kilometers.
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer. You may
wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a new
odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the
mileage total of the old odometer, then that will be done.
If it can’t, it will be set at zero and a label must be put
on the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading
when the new odometer was installed. If the mileage is
unknown, the label should then indicate “previous
mileage unknown”.
Trip Odometer
Your trip odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven since the trip odometer was last reset.
To reset the trip odometer to zero, press and hold the
trip/reset button for about two seconds.
The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your vehicle
could be damaged, and the damages would not
be covered by your warranty. Do not operate
the engine with the tachometer in the shaded
warning area.
The maximum rpm is limited in PARK (P) and
NEUTRAL (N) to 4000 rpm by the vehicle’s computer.
This is to prevent engine damage.
3-27
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Airbag Readiness Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime
will come on for several seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt
is already buckled.
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG and the air bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag’s electrical system
for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. The system check includes the air
bag sensor, the air bag modules, the wiring and
the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more
information on the air bag system, see Airbag Systems
on page 1-48.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay
on for several seconds,
then it will flash for
several more.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
Then the light should
go out. This means the
system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
3-28
Battery Warning Light
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the airbag system
may not be working properly. The airbags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the airbag
readiness light stays on after you start your
vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so
it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
The battery warning light
will come on briefly as a
check, when you turn
on the ignition. Then it
should go out when
the engine is started.
If the light does not come on when you start your
vehicle, have your vehicle serviced right away. This
condition may indicate your battery warning light is not
functioning properly. If this light comes on while you
are driving, be sure to turn off accessories such as the
radio and climate control system. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
3-29
Up-Shift Light
Your vehicle may have up-shift light. When this light
comes on, you should shift to the next higher gear
if weather, road, and traffic conditions allow you to.
This light is located in
your instrument panel
cluster under your
temperature gage.
United States Only
See Manual Transaxle Operation on page 2-21 for more
information.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
3-30
If the brake system warning light comes on, there is a
brake problem. Have your brake system inspected
right away.
The BRAKE light is
located in the instrument
panel cluster.
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a
problem.
When the ignition is on, the BRAKE light will come on
when you set your parking brake. The light will stay on if
your parking brake doesn’t release fully. A chime will
also sound if the parking brake is not fully released and
the vehicle is moving. If it stays on after your parking
brake is fully released, it means you have a brake
problem.
The BRAKE light will also come on to indicate a low
brake fluid level. See Brakes on page 5-41 for
more information.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing
Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, the anti-lock brake
system (ABS) warning light will come on briefly, as
a check, when you start your vehicle. If it doesn’t, have
your vehicle serviced so that the light works properly
when it needs to.
The ABS light is located
in the instrument panel
cluster, to the left of
the engine coolant
temperature gage.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning
light on can lead to an accident. If the light
is still on after you have pulled off the road
and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed
for service.
If the light stays on longer than a few seconds after you
start your engine, or comes on and stays on while
you are driving, try resetting the system. To reset the
system, do the following:
1. If you are driving, pull over when it is safe to do so.
2. Be sure the vehicle is in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the ignition.
4. Then restart the engine.
3-31
If the light remains on after resetting the system or
comes on again while driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the ABS light is on, but the regular brake
system warning light is not on, you do not have anti-lock
brakes, but you still have regular brakes. Have your
vehicle serviced right away. If both brake lights are on,
you do not have anti-lock brakes, and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes as well. Have your
vehicle towed for service. See Towing Your Vehicle on
page 4-46.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
Your vehicle may have a
traction control system
warning light. The traction
control system warning
light may come on for the
following reasons:
3-32
• For vehicles equipped with the 2.2L L4 engine,
turn the system off by pressing the traction
control button located on the instrument panel
above the audio system. The warning light will
come on and stay on. To turn the system back on,
press the button again. The warning light should
go off. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-10 for more information.
• For vehicles equipped with the 3.5L V6 engine, the
traction control system will be turned off when the
shift lever is in REVERSE (R) or LOW (L). The
traction control system warning light will be displayed
on the instrument panel. The traction control system
can be activated again by selecting DRIVE (D) or
INTERMEDIATE (I).
• If there’s an engine-related and brake system
problem that is specifically related to traction control,
the traction control system will turn off and the
warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Low Traction Light
If your vehicle has the
Traction Control System
(TCS), this light will
come on when the system
is limiting wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this is
normal. The roads may be slippery if this light comes on.
Adjust your driving accordingly.
The light will stay on for a few seconds after the system
stops limiting wheel spin. This light should also come
on for a few seconds when you start your vehicle.
If it does not, have your vehicle serviced.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
The engine coolant
temperature warning light
will come on when the
engine has overheated.
If this happens you should pull over and see Engine
Overheating on page 5-31 for more information.
Notice: Driving with the engine coolant temperature
warning light on could cause your vehicle to
overheat. See Engine Overheating on page 5-31.
Your vehicle could be damaged, and it might not be
covered by your warranty. Never drive with the
engine coolant temperature warning light on.
This light will come on and flash when the temperature
of the automatic transmission fluid is too high. If this
happens you should pull over, shift into PARK (P) and
let the engine idle until the light goes out.
This light will also come on when starting your vehicle.
If it doesn’t, have your vehicle serviced.
3-33
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
Low Coolant Warning Light
This light comes on
briefly when you turn
your ignition on.
If this light comes on and stays on, the coolant level in
your vehicle is low. If the light is on along with an
overheat warning, you may have a serious overheating
problem. See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on
page 3-34.
This gage measures the temperature of the vehicle’s
engine. If the indicator needle moves into the shaded
area, the engine is too hot. A temperature indicator light
will turn on.
Notice: Driving with the low coolant warning light
on could cause your vehicle to overheat. See
“Engine Overheating” under Engine Coolant on
page 5-28. Your vehicle could be damaged and the
damages might not be covered by your warranty.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, and the temperature indicator
light comes on, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-28 for information
on what to do. Your vehicle should be serviced as
soon as possible.
3-34
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Service Engine Soon Light
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition, and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels
for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The SERVICE ENGINE SOON light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by
the system before any problem is apparent. This may
prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after awhile, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as good,
and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could
lead to costly repairs that may not be covered by
your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you
it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
3-35
If the Light Is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-8. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do
so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your
vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and
restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see
“If the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is
still flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your
retailer for service as soon as possible.
3-36
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-5. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the
light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your retailer can check the vehicle. Your retailer has
the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any
mechanical or electrical problems that may have
developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD
system readiness, your retailer can prepare the vehicle
for inspection.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the SERVICE
ENGINE SOON light is on or not working properly.
3-37
Oil Pressure Light
If you have a low engine
oil pressure problem, this
light will stay on after
you start your engine, or
come on when you
are driving. This indicates
that your engine is not
receiving enough oil.
The engine could be low on oil, or could have some
other oil problem. Have it fixed immediately.
The oil light may also come on when the ignition is on
but the engine is not running, the light will come on as a
test to show you it is working, but the light will go out
when you turn the ignition to START. If it doesn’t come
on with the ignition on, you may have a problem with
the fuse or bulb. Have it fixed right away.
3-38
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
Change Engine Oil Light
If this light comes on,
it means that service
is required for your
vehicle. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4
and Engine Oil on
page 5-15 for more
information.
After having the oil changed you will need to reset the
light. See Engine Oil on page 5-15 for more information.
Security Light
Your vehicle is equipped
with a Passlock®
theft-deterrent system.
With this system, the
security light will flash
as you open the door if
your ignition is off.
Reduced Engine Power Light
This light will come on
briefly when you start
the engine.
This light, along with the service engine soon light
will be displayed when a noticeable reduction in the
vehicle’s performance may occur. Stop the vehicle and
turn off the ignition. Wait for 10 seconds and restart
your vehicle. This may correct the condition.
The vehicle may be driven at a reduced speed when
the reduced engine power light is on but acceleration
and speed may be reduced. The performance may
be reduced until the next time you drive your vehicle.
If this light stays on, see your retailer as soon as
possible for diagnosis and repair.
This light will come on briefly when the vehicle is
turned on.
For more information, see Passlock® on page 2-13.
3-39
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light
This light is located on the
instrument panel cluster.
It goes on whenever
the Daytime Running
Lamps are on.
See Daytime Running Lamps under Exterior Lamps on
page 3-17 for further information.
Gate Ajar Light
If this light comes on, your
liftgate is not completely
closed. Driving with
the liftgate open can cause
carbon monoxide (CO)
to enter the vehicle.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-27 for more information.
3-40
Service Vehicle Soon Light
This light will come on if
you have problems that
may require the vehicle to
be taken in for service.
If the light comes on, take your vehicle to a GM dealer
for service as soon as possible.
Fuel Gage
Here are four things that some owners ask about.
None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
• At the service station, the fuel pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to
fill the tank.
• The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
• The gage takes a few seconds to stabilize after the
ignition is turned on, and will go back to empty
when you turn the ignition off.
When the ignition is on, the fuel gage tells you about
how much fuel you have left in your tank.
For your fuel tank capacity, see Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-102.
When the indicator nears empty, the low fuel light
will come on. You still have a little fuel left, but you
should get more soon. See Low Fuel Warning Light
on page 3-42 for more information.
3-41
Low Fuel Warning Light
The light next to the fuel
gage will come on briefly
when you are starting
the engine.
This light also comes on when the fuel tank is low
on fuel. When you add fuel the light should go off.
If it doesn’t, have your vehicle serviced.
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to
your vehicle, like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone, or two-way radio, make sure that it can
be added by checking with your retailer. Also,
check federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be added,
it is very important to do it properly. Added
sound equipment may interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
Notice: Getting suntan lotion, hand lotion, or hand
cleaner on the radio, will soften the paint, and
the paint will eventually begin to peel. Repairs will
not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty. Try not to
get suntan lotion, hand lotion, or hand cleaner on
the radio. If you do, wipe the lotion or cleaner
off immediately.
Figure out which audio system is in your vehicle, find
out what your audio system can do, and how to operate
all of its controls.
3-42
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
AM-FM Radio
Press and hold the RCL button, at the same time press
the TUNE/SEEK down or up arrows. Press the arrows
until the correct time appears on the display. The
time can be set with the ignition on or off.
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Press and hold the RCL button and at the same time
press the HR (AUTO EQ left) or MN (AUTO EQ
right) arrows. You will hear a beep indicating that you
can change the time. Release the RCL button and press
HR until the correct hour appears on the display.
Press MN until the correct minute appears on the
display. The time can be set with the ignition on or off.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and
hold the RCL and RDS buttons at the same time for
two seconds until SET RDS TIME appears on the
display. If the time is not available from the station,
NO RDS TIME SET will appear on the display.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. After tuning to
an RDS broadcast station, it may take a few minutes
for the time to update.
Playing the Radio
PUSH ON (Power): Push this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
RCL (Recall): Press this button to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time. When
the ignition is off, press this button to display the time.
3-43
Finding a Station
3. Tune in the desired station.
AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, or AM. The display will show the selection.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return.
R TUNE
stations.
Q:
Press either arrow to select radio
R SEEK Q: Press and hold the up or the down
arrow to go to the next or to the previous station and
stay there.
The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
SCN (Scan): Press this button to scan stations. The
radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go
on to the next station. Press this button again to stop
scanning.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM) can be
programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3-44
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
If the battery has been disconnected or a radio fuse has
been removed, the preset stations and time of day
will need to be reset.
Using Automatic Set
Use this feature to automatically save the radio preset
pushbuttons with the stations with the strongest
radio signals.
A.SET (Automatic Set): Press the AM FM button to
have the radio automatically select the first 12 strongest
radio stations for FM and the six strongest radio
stations for AM.
To select the stations, perform the following:
1. Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
2. Press and hold AM FM until you hear a beep.
The radio will begin to search the current band.
The radio will store the stations, starting from the
lowest frequency, to each preset pushbutton. A.SET
will appear on the display when the radio is
finished storing the stations.
Cancelling Automatic Set
Radio with CD (Base Level)
The radio retains the previously stored stations so they
can be recalled when automatic set is canceled.
Press and hold the AM FM until you hear a beep. A.SET
will no longer appear on the display.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or to decrease the bass.
TREB (Treble): Press the TREB knob lightly so it
extends, then pull then knob out slightly. Turn the knob
to increase or to decrease the treble. If a station is
weak or noisy, decrease the treble.
Push the knob back into its stored position when not
in use.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Playing the Radio
BAL (Balance): To adjust the balance between the
right and the left speakers, pull the VOL knob out
slightly. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the
right or the left speakers.
PUSH ON (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
Push the knob back into its stored position when not
in use.
FADE: To adjust the fade between the front and the
rear speakers, turn the ring around the VOL knob.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
RCL (Recall): Press this button to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time. When
the ignition is off, press this button to display the time.
3-45
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, or AM. The display will show the selection.
R TUNE Q: Press the up or down arrow to select
radio stations.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
R SEEK Q: Press and hold the up or the down
arrow to go to the next or to the previous station and
stay there.
If the battery has been disconnected or a radio fuse has
been removed, the preset stations and time of day
will need to be reset.
The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
Using Automatic Set
SCN (Scan): Press this button to scan stations. The
radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next station. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can
be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3-46
A.SET (Automatic Set): Press the AM FM button to
have the radio automatically select the first 12 strongest
radio stations for FM and the six strongest radio
stations for AM.
To select the stations, perform the following:
1. Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
2. Press and hold AM FM until you hear a beep.
The radio will begin to search the current band.
The radio will store the stations, starting from the
lowest frequency, to each preset pushbutton. A.SET
will appear on the display when the radio is
finished storing the stations.
Cancelling Automatic Set
Playing a CD
The radio retains the previously stored stations so they
can be recalled when automatic set is canceled.
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing.
You can insert a CD with the ignition off.
Press and hold AM FM until you hear a beep. A.SET
will no longer appear on the display.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
MODE: Press this button until BAS or TRE appears
on the display. Press the plus or minus buttons to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the
bass or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy,
decrease the treble.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
MODE: To adjust the balance between the right and
the left speakers, press this button until BAL appears on
the display. Press the plus or minus buttons to move
the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press this button until FAD appears on the
display. Press the plus or minus buttons to move
the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When the CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear
on the display. As each new track starts to play,
the track number will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
3-47
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
1 PRV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
start of the current track if more than eight seconds have
played. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving backward
through the CD.
2 NXT (Next): Press this pushbutton to go to the next
track. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving forward
through the CD.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton
to play the track. The elapsed time of the track will
appear on the display.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton
to play the track. The elapsed time of the track will
appear on the display.
5 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM will appear on the display. Press RDM again to
turn off random play.
3-48
6 RPT (Repeat): Press this pushbutton to hear a
track over again. RPT will appear on the display.
The current track will continue to repeat. Press RPT
again to turn off repeat play.
Q TUNE SEEK R: Press the up arrow to go to the
start of the current or of the previous track. Press
the down arrow to go to the start of the next track.
If either arrow is held or pressed more than once,
the player will continue moving backward or forward
through the CD.
RCL (Recall): Press this button to see the track
number. Press this button again to see how long the
current track has been playing.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD: Press this button to play a CD when listening to
the radio. The CD symbol will appear on the display
when a CD is loaded.
EJ (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject may
be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CD Messages
Radio with CD (MP3)
ERR (Error): If this message appears on the display
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
Single CD Player Audio System shown — Six-Disc
CD Player similar
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your retailer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
retailer when reporting the problem.
Radio Data System (RDS)
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM stations
that broadcast RDS information.
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With RDS, the radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type
of programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In some cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or call letters will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type category for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in the
48 contiguous United States. XM™ offers 100 coast to
coast channels including music, news, sports, talk,
and children’s programming. XM™ provides digital
quality audio and text information that includes song
title and artist name. A service fee is required in order
to receive the XM™ service. For more information,
contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or call
1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
u (Volume):
Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
RCL (Recall): Press this button to view station call
letters or RDS category, if available.
4 (Information):
Press this button to view RDS text
information, if available.
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Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, or AM. The display will show the selection.
AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to switch between
XM1 and XM2 (if equipped). While in XM you can
perform the following:
• Press either CAT arrow to select different
categories.
• Rotate the tune knob or use either SEEK arrow
to change channels.
• Press the information button to view track title,
artist title, and channel title.
O (Tune):
Turn this knob to select radio stations.
t SEEK u:
Press and hold the right or left
arrow to go to the next or to the previous station
and stay there.
To scan stations, press either arrow until you hear
a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
either arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press either arrow for four
seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go to a
preset station stored on the pushbuttons, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either
arrow again or one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning
presets.
The radio will only seek and scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 30 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM,
six XM1 and six XM2 (if equipped), can be programmed
on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
Press the AUX button to select XM1 or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press the right or left AUTO EQ button to select
the equalization.
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5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons. Preset X Stored will appear on the
display and you will hear a beep. Whenever
that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return and the equalization that was
selected will be stored for that pushbutton. If the
equalization of a preset is changed while listening to
that station, the radio will save the new equalization.
Cancelling Automatic Set
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Q P (Bass/Treble): Press this knob until BASS or
TREB appears on the display. Turn this knob to increase
or to decrease. The display will show the bass or the
treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease
the treble.
If the battery has been disconnected or a radio fuse has
been removed, the preset stations and time of day
may need to be reset.
Using Automatic Set
A.SET (Automatic Set): Press and hold the AM
FM button to have the radio automatically select
the first 12 strongest radio stations for FM and the
six strongest radio stations for AM.
To select the stations, perform the following:
1. Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
2. Press and hold AM FM until you hear a beep.
The radio will begin to search the current band.
The radio will store the stations, starting from
the lowest frequency, to each preset pushbutton.
A.SET will appear on the display when the radio
is finished storing the stations.
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The radio retains the previously stored stations so they
can be recalled when automatic set is canceled.
Press and hold AM FM until you hear a beep. A.SET
will no longer appear on the display.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
q AUTO EQ r (Automatic Equalization): Press the
right and left arrow to select customized equalization
settings designed for country/western, jazz, news, pop,
rock, and classical. There is also a flat setting that
has been factory tuned for the best overall performance.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode,
press either arrow until CUSTOM appears on the
display.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Q P (Balance/Fade):
To adjust the balance between
the right and the left speakers, press this knob until
BAL appears on the display. Turn this knob to move the
sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press this knob until FAD appears on the
display. Turn this knob to move the sound toward the
front or the rear speakers.
Finding a Category (CAT) Station
To select and find a desired CAT perform the following:
1. Press the RDS button to activate program type
select mode.
5. Select a category using either CAT arrow. While the
category is displayed, press and hold either SEEK
arrow until you hear a beep to scan through all
stations in that RDS category.
RDS categories only have six available options from
which to choose. The category you select will search for
an expanded list of categories.
If the RCL button is pressed, the broadcast category will
appear on the display, not the selected category.
If the radio cannot find the desired program type, NOT
FOUND will appear on the display and the radio will
return to the last station you were listening to.
RDS Messages
3. Once the desired category is displayed, press the
SEEK button to select and to take you to the
category’s first station.
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is low or
a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop during
the announcement. Alert announcements cannot be
turned off.
4. To go to another station within that category while
CAT is displayed, press the SEEK button once. If
CAT is not displayed, press the RDS button or
either CAT arrow to enable category search, then
press the SEEK button.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not currently supported
by RDS stations in the United States. It is up to the
individual stations to decide to support this feature.
2. Press the right or left CAT arrow to select a
category. CATEGORY will appear on the display.
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4 (Information):
If the current station has a message,
the information symbol will appear on the display. Press
this button to see the message. The message may
display the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message, press and release this button.
A new group of words will appear on the display
after every press of this button. Once the complete
message has been displayed, the information symbol
will disappear from the display until another new
message is received. The last message can be
displayed by pressing this button until a new message
is received or a different station is tuned to.
TRAF (Traffic): If TA appears on the display, the
tuned station has the ability to broadcast traffic
announcements and if a traffic announcement comes
on the tuned radio station you will hear it.
If the station does not broadcast traffic announcements,
press the TRAF button and the radio will seek to a
station that does. When a station that broadcasts traffic
announcements is found, the radio will stop seeking
and TA will appear on the display. If no station is found
that broadcasts traffic announcements, NO TRAFFIC
will appear on the display.
3-54
If TA is on the display, press the TRAF button to turn off
the traffic announcements.
The radio will play the traffic announcement with the
volume at a moderate level. The radio will interrupt the
play of a CD or XM™ Satellite Radio Station if the
last tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
Very few radio stations in the United States currently use
the traffic announcement feature.
Playing the Single CD Player
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing.
You can insert a CD with the ignition off.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the display. As each new track starts to play, the
track number will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
g1 (Previous):
Press this pushbutton to go to the
start of the current track. If this pushbutton is held
or pressed more than once, the player will continue
moving backward through the CD.
2 l (Next): Press this pushbutton to go to the next
track. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving forward
through the CD.
5/ RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM will appear on the display. Press RDM again to
turn off random play.
6 / N (Repeat): Press this pushbutton to hear a
track over again. RPT will appear on the display.
The current track will continue to repeat. Press this
pushbutton again to turn off repeat play.
r CAT (Reverse): Press and hold the left arrow to
reverse quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton
to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track
will appear on the display.
CAT [ (Forward): Press and hold the right arrow to
advance quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton
to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track
will appear on the display.
t SEEK u:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or to the previous track. Press the right
arrow to go to the start of the next track. If either arrow
is held or pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving backward or forward through the CD.
To scan tracks, press either SEEK arrow for four
seconds. The radio will go to the next track, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next track. Press
either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning tracks.
3-55
O (Tune):
Turn this knob to quickly change tracks.
Playing the Six-Disc CD Player
Press this button to view CD text
information, if available. To change the default on the
display to track name, album name, or artist name,
instead of elapsed track time, press this button to view
the available information. Then press and hold the
RCL button for five seconds. The selected display will
now be the default.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
4 (Information):
AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD or
to switch to XM1 or XM2 when listening to the radio.
Z (Eject):
Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
If you eject a CD, but decide that you want to listen
to it, press the CD button. The CD player will pull the
CD back in and the CD will begin to play. If a CD
is ejected, but not removed from the radio, the radio
will automatically reload the CD, after 25 seconds,
to prevent damage.
3-56
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the display. As each new track starts to play, the
track number will appear on the display.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
M (Load): Press this button to load CDs into the CD
player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
To load one CD, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press the load button for less than three seconds.
3. Load, up to six CDs, in order, starting with the
first empty slot.
Loading will continue until all six CDs are loaded
or load is stopped by pressing any other radio
button. The radio will stop trying to load CDs if you
wait too long to insert a CD.
4. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
3. Press the pushbutton (1-6) for the CD slot to
load. WAIT DISC X will appear on the display.
If the CD slot is empty, LOAD DISC X will appear
on the display, and a CD can be loaded. If a CD slot
is already loaded, DISC X LOADED will appear
on the display.
Cancel the loading of a CD by pressing the load button
once.
4. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
If the radio is on or off, the CD will begin to play
automatically.
If an equalization setting is selected for the CD, the
equalization will be activated each time a CD is played.
If the radio is on or off, the CD will begin to play
automatically.
If an equalization setting is selected for the CD, the
equalization will be activated each time a CD is played.
g 1 (Previous):
Press this pushbutton to go to the
start of the current track. If this pushbutton is held
or pressed more than once, the player will continue
moving backward through the CD.
To load all CDs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the load button for more than
three seconds.
2 l (Next): Press this pushbutton to go to the next
track. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving forward
through the CD.
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5/RDM (Random): Press and release this pushbutton
to hear the tracks on the current CD in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM will appear on the
display. Press RDM again to turn off random play.
Press and hold RDM for two seconds to hear the
tracks on all of the CDs loaded in random, rather
than sequential, order. ALL RDM will appear on the
display. Press RDM again to turn off random play.
6 / N (Repeat): Press this pushbutton to hear a
track over again. RPT will appear on the display.
The current track will continue to repeat. Press RPT
again to turn off repeat play.
Press and hold the RPT button to hear all tracks on
the CD over again. RPT will appear on the display.
The current track will continue to repeat. Press
RPT again to turn off repeat play.
r CAT (Reverse): Press and hold the left arrow to
reverse quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton
to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track
will appear on the display.
CAT [ (Forward): Press and hold the right arrow to
advance quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton
to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track
will appear on the display.
3-58
t SEEK u:
Press the right or left arrow to go to the
previous or next CD.
To scan tracks on the current CD, press and hold either
SEEK arrow for more than two seconds, but less
then four seconds. The radio will go to the next track,
play for a few seconds, then go on to the next track.
Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning tracks.
To scan tracks on all of the CDs loaded, press and
hold either SEEK arrow for more than four seconds. The
radio will go to the next track, play for a few seconds,
then go on to the next track. Press either SEEK
arrow again to stop scanning tracks.
O (Tune):
Turn this knob to quickly change tracks.
4 (Information):
Press this button to view CD text
information, if available. To change the default on the
display, track name, artist name, album name, file name,
or directory, press this button to scroll through each
display. Once the desired display is shown, press and
hold the RCL button for five seconds. The selected
display will now be the default.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD(s) will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD or
to switch to XM1 or XM2 when listening to the radio.
B (CD):
Press this button to go to the next CD,
if more than one CD is loaded.
Z (Eject):
To eject one CD, press this button for
less than two seconds. Then press the pushbutton
number that corresponds to the loaded CD that you
want to eject.
To eject all loaded CDs, press and hold this button for
more than two seconds.
Eject may be activated with either the ignition or radio
off. If you eject a CD, but decide that you want to listen
to it, press the CD button. This will pull the CD back
in and it will begin to play. If a CD is ejected, but
not removed from the radio, the radio will automatically
reload the CD, after 25 seconds, to prevent damage.
Using an MP3 CD
MP3 Format
The MP3 radio will play both standard audio CDs and
CD-R or CD-RWs. The CD-R/RWs may contain either
standard audio (*.cda) or compressed audio (*.mp3).
Customers who record their own music CD-R/RWs
should be aware of the following:
• The files can be recorded on a CD-R/RW disc with
a maximum capacity of 700 MB.
• The radio will play only compressed audio files
recorded in the *.mp3 format. It also supports
playlists that can be made and saved with popular
MP3 software, in the *.m3u format. The directory,
playlist, and song name must have no more
than 64 characters combined, e.g. /DIRECTORY
NAME/PLAYLIST NAME/SONG NAME.MP3.
If more than 64 characters are present, the radio
will ignore that song and move to the next one.
• The radio will only play audio from a CD-R/RW,
it cannot record audio.
• The radio does not support DVD audio.
• The radio does not support UNICODE.
• The radio will play a mixed mode CD-R/RW,
one recorded with both *.cda and *.mp3 files.
• The radio supports multi-session discs, but only
the files from the last session will be played.
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• There are a total of 20 directories (folders) allowed
on a CD. The file structure can be 4 directories
deep (a folder within a folder, within a folder, etc.).
Anything more than 20 directories will be ignored.
Each directory may have up to 99 files contained
within it. Files not having the *.mp3 extension
will not be played, but still count toward the
maximum. Anything more than the first 99 files
within a directory will be ignored. A single CD may
have up to 254 files and directories. Anything
beyond the 254 limit will be ignored.
• MP3 files must be written to a CD-R/RW in one
of the following industry-standard formats:
•
•
•
•
ISO 9660 Level 1
ISO 9660 Level 2
Joliet
Romeo
• ID3 tag information is displayed by the radio, if
available. The ID3 tag information can be either
version 1 or 2. The radio will display a filename,
song name, artist name, album name, directory
name, or playlist name.
If the customer does not follow these guidelines when
recording a CD-R(W), the CD may not play in the radio.
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Playing an MP3
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
See “Playing the Single CD Player” and “Playing the
Six-Disc CD Player” earlier to use any radio control,
while playing an MP3, that is not listed here.
g 1 (Previous):
Press this pushbutton to go to the
start of the current track. If this pushbutton is held
or pressed more than once, the player will continue
moving backward through the current directory.
2 l (Next): Press this pushbutton to go to the
next track. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving forward
through the current directory.
4: Press this pushbutton to enter playlist mode.
Use the tune knob to cycle through the available
playlists. Playlist X will appear on the display. Use
the 1 and 2 pushbuttons to cycle through songs in
a particular playlist. Press the 4 pushbutton again to
exit playlist mode.
If a CD is a mixed mode, containing standard CD audio
and MP3 compressed audio, the radio will assign the
standard CD audio to a directory, which is listed as
ROM audio directory.
O (Tune):
Turn this knob to quickly change tracks
on the CD.
If any error message appears on the display and/or the
CD comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• The format of the CD may not be compatible.
See “MP3 Format” earlier for more information.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
4 (Information):
Press this button to see the elapsed
time of the track and the current track time. To change
the default on the display, track name, artist name, album
name, file name, or directory, press this button to scroll
through each display. Once the desired display is shown,
press and hold the RCL button for five seconds. The
selected display will now be the default.
r CAT [:
CD Messages
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your retailer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
retailer when reporting the problem.
Press either arrow to change directories.
3-61
Radio Personalization
Rear Seat Entertainment System
This radio has a personalization feature. You can
change the following features:
Your vehicle may have a DVD Rear Seat Entertainment
(RSE) system. The RSE system works with the
vehicles audio system and includes a DVD radio, a
video display screen, two sets of wireless headphones,
and a remote control.
Clock Function: Change the time of the day displayed
on the radio between 12 hour and 24 hour.
Language: This radio supports three languages: ENG
(English), FRE (French), and SPA (Spanish). The
only terms translated are the terms which are fixed in
the display. Terms that are not translated include: MP3
ID3 tags, CD-TEXT information, RDS Text, and
Satellite PDT information.
Beep Level: Change the volume level of the radios
beeps between Normal and Loud.
CD Text: Change whether or not the radio displays CD
text by choosing Text On or Text Off.
To change these features, do the following:
1. Press and hold the information button for
five seconds.
2. Press either SEEK arrow to scroll through
the features.
3. Once the feature is displayed, press either
CAT arrow to change the setting.
4. Press the information button again to exit the menu.
3-62
Before You Drive
The RSE is designed for rear seat passengers only.
The driver cannot safely view the video screen
while driving and should not try to do so.
In severe or extreme weather conditions the RSE
system may or may not work until the temperature
is within the operating range. The operating range for
the RSE system is above −4°F (−20°C) or below
140°F (60°C). If the temperature of your vehicle is
outside of this range, heat or cool the vehicle until the
temperature is within the operating range of the
RSE system.
Headphones
Battery Replacement
The RSE system includes two sets of wireless
headphones. The headphones are used to listen to the
DVD radio or an auxiliary device connected to the
RCA jacks. The wireless headphones have an ON/OFF
switch and a volume control.
To change the batteries, do the following:
To use the headphones, turn the switch to ON. An
indicator light located on the headphones will illuminate.
If the light does not illuminate, the batteries may
need to be replaced. See “Battery Replacement” later in
this section for more information. Switch the headphones
to OFF when not in use.
The transmitters are located in the display above the
video screen. The headphones will shut off automatically
to save the battery power if the DVD system is shut
off or if the headphones are out of range of the
transmitters for more than three minutes. If you move
too far forward or step out of the vehicle, the
headphones will lose the audio signal.
1. Slide open the battery door located on the left side
of the headphones.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly, using
the diagram on the inside of the battery
compartment.
3. Slide the battery door shut.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long period of
time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
To adjust the volume on the headphones, use the
volume control located on the right side.
Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the headphones
and repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Keep the headphones stored in a cool, dry place.
3-63
Stereo RCA Jacks
Power for auxiliary devices is not supplied by the
radio system.
To use the auxiliary function, connect a camcorder or a
video game unit to the RCA jacks and turn on the
auxiliary device. If you want to view a DVD, insert the
DVD into the DVD radio. The system will automatically
switch to DVD and start to play. To switch between
the auxiliary device and the DVD, press the AUX button
on the DVD player or the SRCE button on the remote
control. See “DVD Radio” and “Remote Control” later in
this section for more information.
Audio Output
Only one audio source can be heard through the
speakers at one time.
The RCA jacks are located behind the video screen on
the overhead console. The RCA jacks allow audio or
video signals to be connected from an auxiliary device
such as a camcorder or a video game unit to the
RSE. Adapter connectors or cables may be required to
connect the auxiliary device to the RCA jacks. Refer
to the manufacturer’s instructions for proper usage.
The RCA jacks are color coded to match typical home
entertainment system equipment. The yellow jack
(right) is for the video input. The white jack (middle) is
for the left audio input. The red jack (left) is for the right
audio input.
3-64
The only way to listen to the audio through the vehicle
speakers is if the front seat passengers select DVD
Family Mode using the AUX button on the radio.
There are three modes to the RSE system:
RSE: This is the default, when a DVD is inserted, the
rear speakers will be muted. The rear seat passengers
will be able to hear audio through the wireless
headphones. The front seat passengers will be able to
listen to the radio by pressing the AM FM button, or
listen to XM™ Satellite Radio Service (if equipped) by
pressing the AUX button, through the front speakers.
When a CD is inserted, the radio may be put into
RSE mode by pressing the RSE button. The rear seat
passengers will be able to listen to the CD through
the wireless headphones. The front seat passengers
will be able to listen to the radio by pressing the
AM FM button, or listen to XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(if equipped) by pressing the AUX button, through the
front speakers.
DVD Family: When in RSE mode, press the AUX
button to switch to DVD Family. All passengers will be
able to hear audio through the vehicles speakers.
DVD Aux: When RCA jacks are connected, the rear
speakers will be muted. The rear seat passengers
will be able to hear audio from the auxiliary device
through the wireless headphones. The front seat
passengers will be able to listen to the radio by pressing
the AM FM button, or listen to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service (if equipped) or CD, by pressing the AUX button,
through the front speakers.
If RSE mode is on when the radio is powered off,
the parental control will be activated the next time
the radio is turned on. To resume playback, press
the RSE button.
Video Screen
The video screen is located in the overhead console.
To use the video screen, do the following:
1. Push forward on the release button on the DVD
display console.
2. Pull the screen down, away from you, and adjust its
position as desired.
When the video screen is not in use, push it up into its
locked position.
If a DVD is playing and the screen is raised to its locked
position, the screen will shut off, but the DVD will
continue to play through the previously selected audio
source.
The video screen contains the transmitters for the
wireless headphones and the remote control. If the
screen is in the closed position, the signals will not be
available for the operation of the headphones or
the remote control.
Notice: Directly touching the video screen may
damage it. Do not touch the screen. See “Cleaning
the Video Screen” later in this section for more
information.
3-65
DVD Radio
DVD Radio Buttons
To use the radio, see Radio with CD (MP3) under
Radio with CD (Base Level) on page 3-45 or Radio
with CD (MP3) on page 3-49 for more information.
RSE: Press this button to pause the DVD. Press this
button again to play the DVD.
Press and hold this button for more than two seconds
to turn off the RSE system.
AUX (Auxiliary): When a DVD is playing, press this
button to switch between RSE and DVD family.
To listen to a DVD through the headphones, press
this button.
The DVD radio is located in the center of the
instrument panel.
The DVD radio is controlled by the buttons on the
remote control. See “Remote Control” later in this
section for more information.
The DVD radio is only compatible with DVDs authorized
for use in the United States and Canada (Region
Code 1). The DVD region code is printed on the jacket
of most DVDs. Most audio CDs, CD-R, CD-RW, and
MP3s can also be played by the DVD radio.
If an error message appears on the video screen or the
radio, see “DVD Display Error Messages” and “DVD
Radio Error Messages” later in this section.
3-66
When a CD is playing, press this button to switch
between playing a CD or listening to XM™ Satellite
Radio Service (if equipped).
Z (Eject/Load):
Press this button to eject a DVD or
CD. If a DVD or CD is ejected, but not removed, the
player will automatically pull it back in after 30 seconds.
Playing a Disc
Playing an MP3 CD
To play a disc, gently insert the disc, with the label side
up, into the loading slot. The DVD player will continue
loading the disc and the player will automatically start.
The CD player has the ability to recognize up to
20 directories, and up to 99 files per directory to
a miximum of 254 total MP3 selections on a CD.
Mixed media CD’s are not supported.
If a DVD is already in the radio, press the play/pause
button on the remote control to start playing the
disc, when the DVD system is active.
Vehicle speaker volume, bass, treble, etc. may be
adjusted by pushing the tune knob. See the radio that is
currently in your vehicle for more information on using
the tune knob.
Some DVDs will not allow fast forwarding or skipping of
the copyright information or the previews. Some
DVDs will begin playing after the previews have finished,
although there may be a delay of up to 30 seconds. If
the DVD does not begin playing the movie automatically,
press the RSE button on the radio. If the DVD still
does not play, refer to the on-screen instructions.
The DVD player may not accept some paper labeled
media.
The DVD player can only be powered on by pressing
the RSE button on the radio or by inserting a DVD.
Stopping and Resuming Playback
To stop playing a disc, press the stop button on the
remote control.
To resume playback, press the play/pause button on
the remote control. The movie should resume play from
where it last stopped if the disc has not been ejected
and the stop button has not been pressed twice on
the remote control. If the disc has been ejected or the
stop button has been pressed twice on the remote
control, the disc will resume playing at the beginning
of the disc.
Ejecting a Disc
Press the eject button on the radio to eject the disc.
If a disc is ejected from the radio, but not removed, the
radio will reload the disc after a short period of time.
The disc will be stored in the radio. The radio will
not resume play of the disc automatically.
3-67
Remote Control
Remote Control Buttons
To use the remote control, aim it at the transmitter
window below the video screen and press the desired
button. Direct sunlight or very bright light may affect the
ability of the RSE transmitter to receive signals from
the remote control. If the remote control does not seem
to be working, the batteries may need to be replaced.
See “Battery Replacement” later in this section. Objects
blocking the line of sight may also affect the function
of the remote control.
The DVD player can only be turned on by pressing the
RSE button on the radio.
Notice: Storing the remote control in a hot area or
in direct sunlight may damage it, and the repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Keep
the remote control stored in a cool, dry place.
O (Power): Press this button to turn the DVD player
on and off.
v (Title):
Press this button to return the DVD to the
main menu of the DVD.
n, q, p, o (Menu Navigation Arrows): Use the
arrow buttons to navigate through a menu.
3-68
z (Set-up Menu):
Press this button to adjust the
color, tint, brightness, contrast, and display mode
(normal, full, or zoom). The dynamic range compression
feature can be used to reduce loud audio and increase
low audio produced by some DVDs.
e (Audio):
Press this button to display a menu that
will only appear when a DVD is playing. The format and
content of this function will vary for each disc.
r (Fast Reverse): Press this button to fast reverse
the DVD or CD. To stop fast reversing, press this button
again. This button may not work when the DVD is
playing the copyright information or the previews.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch between
the DVD player and an auxiliary source.
c (Stop):
Press this button to stop playing, rewinding,
or fast forwarding a DVD or CD. Press this button
twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
t (Previous Track/Chapter):
Press this button to
return to the start of the current track or chapter.
Press this button again to go to the previous track or
chapter. This button may not work when the DVD
is playing the copyright information or the previews.
1 through 0 (Numeric Keypad): The numeric keypad
provides the capability of direct chapter, title, and
track number selection.
}10 (Double Digit Entries):
Press the button, to
select chapter, title, and track numbers greater than 9.
Press this button before inputting the number.
\ (Clear):
Press this button, within three seconds
after inputting a numeric selection to clear all numeric
inputs.
P (Illumination): Press this button to turn the remote
control backlight on. The backlight will time out after
about 7 to 10 seconds if no other button is pressed while
the backlight is on.
y (Main DVD Menu): Press this button to access
the DVD menu. The DVD menu is different on every
DVD. Use the up, down, left, and right arrow buttons to
move the cursor around the DVD menu. After making
a selection press the enter button. This button only
operates when using a DVD.
r (Enter): Press this button to select the choices
that are highlighted in any menu.
3-69
q (Return): Press this button to exit the current
active menu and return to the previous menu. This
button will operate only when a DVD is playing and a
menu is active.
When the DVD is playing, press the pause button then
press the fast forward button. The DVD will continue
playing in a slow play mode. To cancel slow play mode,
press the play/pause button.
| (Camera Angle):
u (Next Track/Chapter):
{ (Subtitle):
Battery Replacement
Press this button to change
camera angles on DVDs that have this feature when
a DVD is playing. The format and content of this function
will vary for each disc.
Press this button to turn on subtitles
and to move through subtitle options when a DVD
is playing. The format and content of this function will
vary for each disc.
[ (Fast Forward):
Press this button to fast forward
the DVD or CD. To stop fast forwarding, press this
button again. This button may not work when the DVD
is playing the copyright information or the previews.
s (Play/Pause):
Press this button to start play of a
DVD or CD. Press this button while a DVD or CD is
playing to pause it. Press this button again to continue
playing the DVD or CD.
3-70
Press this button to
advance to the beginning of the next track or chapter.
This button may not work when the DVD is playing
the copyright information or the previews.
To change the remote control batteries, do the following:
1. Remove the battery compartment door located on
the bottom of the remote control.
2. Replace the two AA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly, using
the diagram on the inside of the battery
compartment.
3. Close the battery door securely.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long period of
time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
DVD Display Error Messages
DVD Distortion
The video screen may display one of the following:
Video distortion may occur when operating cellular
phones, scanners, CB radios, Global Position Systems
(GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile fax, or walkie talkies.
Disc Format Error: This message is displayed when
a disc is inserted upside down, not readable, or if
the disc format is not compatible. The disc will be
automatically ejected from the radio.
It may be necessary to turn off the DVD player
when operating one of these devices in or near the
vehicle.
Region Code Error: This message will be displayed,
if the disc is not a Region Code 1. The disc will be
automatically ejected from the radio.
*Excludes the OnStar® System.
No Disc: This message will be displayed, if no disc
is present when the eject, RSE, or AUX button is
pressed on the radio.
When cleaning the outside DVD faceplate and buttons,
use only a clean cloth dampened with clean water.
DVD Radio Error Messages
No Disc: This message will be displayed, if no disc
is present when the eject, RSE, or AUX button is
pressed on the radio.
Cleaning the DVD Player
Cleaning the Video Screen
When cleaning the video screen, use only a clean cloth
dampened with clean water. Use care when directly
touching or cleaning the screen, as damage may result.
3-71
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
The Radio with Single CD (MP3) and the Radio with
Six-Disc CD (MP3) have a theft deterrent feature.
The instructions which follow explain how to enter
your secret code to activate the theft deterrent feature.
Read through all 10 steps before starting the
procedure.
The theft deterrent feature is designed to discourage
theft of your vehicle’s radio. It works by using a secret
code to disable all radio functions whenever battery
power is interrupted.
The theft deterrent feature for the radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the radio plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature. If the theft deterrent
feature is activated, the radio will not operate if stolen.
When the theft deterrent feature is activated. LOCK
will appear on the radio display to indicate a locked
condition anytime battery power has been removed. If
the battery loses power for any reason, you must unlock
the radio with the secret code before it will operate.
If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse between
any steps, the radio automatically reverts to time
and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.
1. Write down any four-digit number from 0000 to
9999 and keep it in a safe place separate from
the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to RUN.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. Press the 5 and 6 pushbuttons at the same time for
five seconds. -- -- -- -- will appear on the display.
Next you will use the secret code number which you
have written down.
5. Press the SEEK/SCAN down or SEEK left arrow to
make the first digit agree with your code.
6. Press the SEEK/SCAN up or SEEK right arrow to
make the second digit agree with your code.
7. Press the TUNE down or AUTO EQ left arrow to
make the third digit agree with your code.
3-72
8. Press the TUNE up or AUTO EQ right arrow to
make the fourth digit agree with your code.
9. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written
down. The display will prompt you to repeat Steps 5
through 8 to confirm your secret code.
10. Press AM-FM again. SEC or SECURITY ON will
appear on the display to indicate that the radio is
secure.
If SEC or SECURITY ON does not appear on the
display, but displays Err1, Err2, or LOCK, the
theft deterrent feature is already set to another
code. See “Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature”
later in this section.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature
After a Power Loss
3. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written
down. SEC or SECURITY ON will appear on
the display, indicating the radio is now operable
and secure.
If you enter the wrong code, the display will momentarily
show an error message and all radio functions will
continue to be disabled. If -- -- -- -- appears on
the display, you can try to enter your secret code again.
If you enter the wrong code three times, LOCK will
appear on the display. Contact your Saturn retailer.
Your Saturn retailer is authorized to obtain the factory
programmed code that is assigned to the radio to
reset the system.
If you forget your code, if the theft deterrent feature is
accidentally activated with an unknown code, or if the
radio is in the locked mode, contact your Saturn retailer.
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition on. -- -- -- -- will appear on the
display.
2. Preform Steps 5 through 8 from the “Activating
the Theft-Deterrent Feature” earlier to enter your
secret code.
3-73
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Radio Reception
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
AM
Preform Steps 1 through 9 from the “Activating the
Theft-Deterrent Feature” earlier to enter your secret
code. OFF will appear on the display indicating the theft
deterrent feature is off.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with each other. Static
can occur on AM stations caused by things like
storms and power lines. Try reducing the treble to
reduce this noise.
If OFF or SECURITY OFF does not appear on the
display, the wrong code was entered. If you enter the
wrong code, the display will momentarily show an error
message and all radio functions will continue to be
disabled. If -- -- -- -- appears on the display, you can
try to enter your secret code again.
If you enter the wrong code three times, LOCK will
appear on the display. Contact your Saturn retailer.
Your Saturn retailer is authorized to obtain the factory
programmed code that is assigned to the radio to
reset the system.
If you forget your code, if the theft deterrent feature
is accidentally activated with an unknown code, or
if the radio is in the locked mode, contact your
Saturn retailer.
3-74
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals will
reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to fade in and out.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast to coast. Just as with FM, tall
buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out. The radio may
display NO SIGNAL to indicate interference.
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Fixed Mast Antenna
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen
a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car
washes without being damaged. If the mast should
ever become slightly bent, straighten it out by hand.
If the mast is badly bent, replace it.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your CD and DVD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised,
due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Check occasionally to make sure the mast is still
tightened to the antenna base located on the hood of
the vehicle. If tightening is required, tighten by hand.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and
ice build up for clear radio reception.
The performance of the XM™ system may be affected if
the sunroof is open.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can interfere
with the performance of the XM™ system. Make sure
that the XM™ satellite antenna is not obstructed.
3-75
✍ NOTES
3-76
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Driver Behavior ..............................................4-2
Driving Environment ........................................4-2
Vehicle Design ...............................................4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-3
Drunken Driving .............................................4-4
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-7
Braking .........................................................4-7
Traction Control System (TCS) .......................4-10
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System .......................4-12
Steering ......................................................4-12
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-15
Passing .......................................................4-15
Loss of Control .............................................4-16
Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle
Off Paved Roads .......................................4-18
Driving at Night ............................................4-30
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-32
City Driving ..................................................4-35
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-36
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-37
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-38
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-38
Winter Driving ..............................................4-40
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow ..............................................4-44
Towing ..........................................................4-46
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-46
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-46
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-49
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar Equipment .......4-54
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-55
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
possibility of a crash, especially a rollover crash. This
section provides many useful tips to help you drive
more safely.
Whenever we drive, we are taking on an
important responsibility. This is true for any motor
vehicle — passenger car, van, truck, sport utility.
Driver behavior, the driving environment, and the
vehicle’s design all affect how well a vehicle performs.
But statistics show that the most important factor,
by far, is how we drive.
Driving Environment
Knowing how these three factors work together can
help you understand how your vehicle handles and
what you can do to avoid many types of crashes,
including a rollover crash.
Driver Behavior
The single most important thing is this: everyone in
the vehicle, including the driver, should buckle up.
See Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone on page 1-10.
In fact, most serious injuries and fatalities to unbelted
occupants can be reduced or prevented by the use
of safety belts. In a rollover crash, an unbelted person
is significantly more likely to die than a person wearing
a seat belt. In addition, avoiding excessive speed,
sudden or abrupt turns, and drunken or aggressive
driving can help make trips safer and avoid the
4-2
You can also help avoid a rollover or other type of crash
by being prepared for driving in inclement weather, at
night, or during other times where visibility or traction
may be limited, such as on curves, slippery roads,
or hilly terrain. Unfamiliar surroundings can also have
hidden hazards.
To help you learn more about driving in different
conditions, this section contains information about city,
freeway, and off-road driving, as well as other hints
for driving in various weather conditions.
Vehicle Design
According to the U.S. Department of Transportation,
utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover
rate than other types of vehicles. Utility vehicles do
have higher ground clearance and a narrower track
or shorter wheelbase than passenger cars, to make
them more capable for off-road driving. Specific
design characteristics like these give the driver a
better view of the road, but also give utility vehicles a
higher center of gravity than other types of vehicles.
This means that you should not expect a utility vehicle
to handle the same way a vehicle with a lower center
of gravity, like a car, would in similar situations.
But driver behavior factors are far more often the cause
of a utility vehicle rollover than are environmental or
vehicle factors. Safe driver behavior and understanding
the environment in which you will be driving can help
avoid a rollover crash in any type of vehicle, including
utility vehicles.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-10.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts from
the driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on the
floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off
the road in a safe place to do them yourself. These
simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going
to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
4-3
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population — choose never to drink alcohol, so
they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink
alcohol. There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
4-4
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol
and then drive. But what if people do? How much is
“too much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on
each person and situation, here is some general
information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb
(82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml)
bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC
of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin or vodka.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the
person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
4-5
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need
to take sudden action, as when a child darts into
the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might
not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows
that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash
injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal
cord or heart. This means that when anyone who has
been drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash,
that person’s chance of being killed or permanently
disabled is higher than if the person had not been
drinking.
4-6
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness,
and judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking.
Please do not drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering, and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that is only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs
and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency,
so keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it is
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-10.
4-7
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
4-8
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
If your vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, this warning light
on the instrument panel will
come on briefly when
you start your vehicle.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to
drive away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself.
You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise
while this test is going on, and you may even notice
that your brake pedal moves or pulses a little. This
is normal.
The anti-lock system can change the brake
pressure faster than any driver could. The computer
is programmed to make the most of available tire and
road conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each wheel.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
4-9
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel
a slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise,
but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation
that requires hard braking.
If you have anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the
same time. However, if you do not have anti-lock, your
first reaction — to hit the brake pedal hard and hold
it down — may be the wrong thing to do. Your wheels
can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle can not
respond to your steering. Momentum will carry it
in whatever direction it was headed when the wheels
stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into the
very thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
4-10
If you do not have anti-lock, use a “squeeze” braking
technique. This will give you maximum braking while
maintaining steering control. You can do this by pushing
on the brake pedal with steadily increasing pressure.
In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze
the brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear
or feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
This will help you retain steering control. If you do have
anti-lock, it is different. See “Anti-Lock Brake System”
in this section.
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens,
the system reduces engine power to limit wheel spin.
This light will come on
when your traction control
system is limiting wheel
spin. See Low Traction
Light on page 3-33.
You may feel or hear
the system working, but
this is normal.
The traction control system automatically comes
on whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck
in sand, mud, ice or snow and rocking the vehicle is
required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out”
under If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
on page 4-44.
If your vehicle is equipped
with the 2.2L four cylinder
engine, the traction
control system can be
turned off by pressing the
traction control button.
It is located on the
instrument panel above
the audio system.
The light on the button will go off. If your vehicle is
equipped with the 3.5L V6 engine, the traction control
system will be turned off when the shift lever is in
REVERSE (R) or LOW (L). The traction control system
warning light will be displayed on the instrument
panel.
The traction control system can be activated again
by pressing the traction control button for the 2.2L
four cylinder engine, or by selecting DRIVE (D)
or INTERMEDIATE (I) for the 3.5L V6 engine.
4-11
If the system is limiting wheel spin when you press
the button, the light on the button will go off, but
the system will not turn off until there is no longer a
current need to limit wheel spin. You can turn the system
back on at any time by pressing the button again. The
light on the button should come on. If the light does
not come on, you may not have traction control and your
vehicle should be serviced at a retailer.
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System
If your vehicle has all-wheel drive (AWD), the AWD
system operates automatically without any action
required by the driver. If the front drive wheels begin
to slip, the rear wheels will automatically begin to
drive the vehicle as required. There may be a slight
engagement noise during hard use but this is normal.
During heavy AWD applications, the engine torque
may be reduced to protect AWD system components.
If the vehicle is exposed to extended heavy AWD
usage, the AWD system will shut itself off to protect
the system from overheating. When the system
cools down, the AWD system will activate itself again
automatically; this cool-down can take up to 20 minutes
depending on outside temperature and vehicle use.
4-12
Steering
Electric Power Steering
If the engine stalls while you are driving, the power
steering assist system will continue to operate until
you are able to stop your vehicle. If you lose power
steering assist because the electric power steering
system is not functioning, you can steer, but it will take
more effort.
If you turn the steering wheel in either direction several
times until it stops, or hold the steering wheel in the
stopped position for an extended amount of time, you
may notice a reduced amount of power steering
assist. The normal amount of power steering assist
should return shortly after a few normal steering
movements.
The electric power steering system does not require
regular maintenance. If you suspect steering system
problems and/or the Service Vehicle Soon light comes
on, contact your retailer for service repairs.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject
to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction,
inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction.
If you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice,
you will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you
are in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both control
systems — steering and braking — have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Unless you
have four-wheel anti-lock brakes, adding the hard
braking can demand too much of those places.
You can lose control.
The same thing can happen if you are steering through
a sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those
two control systems — steering and acceleration — can
overwhelm those places where the tires meet the
road and make you lose control. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-10.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way
you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your
front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed.
Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and
then accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-13
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not room.
That is the time for evasive action — steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes — but, unless you
have anti-lock, not enough to lock your wheels.
See Braking on page 4-7. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
Then steer around the problem, to the left or right
depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-14
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the sides
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel
to go straight down the roadway.
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass, providing the road ahead is clear.
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
4-15
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and do
not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will
have a running start that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your
pass, you need only slow down and drop back again
and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and
check the blind spot.
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder,
and start your left lane change signal before moving
out of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front
in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
4-16
Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther
away from you than it really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has
asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not overdriving
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid,
too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to
slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration
skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot
off the accelerator pedal.
If you have the Traction Control System (TCS),
remember: It helps avoid only the acceleration skid.
See Traction Control System (TCS) on page 4-10. If you
do not have this system, or if the system is off, then
an acceleration skid is also best handled by easing
your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration,
or braking, including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear. Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice, or packed snow
on the road to make a mirrored surface — and
slow down when you have any doubt.
If you have the anti-lock braking system (ABS),
remember: It helps avoid only the braking skid. If you
do not have ABS, then in a braking skid, where the
wheels are no longer rolling, release enough pressure
on the brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This
restores steering control. Push the brake pedal down
steadily when you have to stop suddenly. As long as the
wheels are rolling, you will have steering control.
4-17
Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive
Vehicle Off Paved Roads
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have all-wheel
drive. If your vehicle does not have all-wheel drive, you
should not drive off-road unless you are on a level,
solid surface.
Many of the same design features that help make
your vehicle responsive on paved roads during
poor weather conditions — features like all-wheel
drive — help make it much better suited for off-road
use. Its higher ground clearance also helps your vehicle
step over some off-road obstacles. But your vehicle
does not have features like special underbody shielding
and a transfer case low gear range, things that are
usually thought necessary for extended or severe
off-road service.
Also, see Braking on page 4-7.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does have
some definite hazards. The greatest of these is
the terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you have left the North American
road system behind. Traffic lanes are not marked.
Curves are not banked. There are no road signs.
Surfaces can be slippery, rough, uphill or downhill.
In short, you have gone right back to nature.
4-18
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that is
why it is very important that you read this guide. You
will find many driving tips and suggestions. These
will help make your off-road driving safer and more
enjoyable.
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things to do before you go out. For
example, be sure to have all necessary maintenance
and service work done. Is there enough fuel? Is
the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid levels up where
they should be? What are the local laws that apply to
off-roading where you will be driving? If you do not
know, you should check with law enforcement people in
the area. Will you be on someone’s private land? If
so, be sure to get the necessary permission.
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road
Driving
There are some important things to remember about
how to load your vehicle.
• The heaviest things should be on the load floor and
forward of your rear axle. Put heavier items as far
forward as you can.
• Be sure the load is secured properly, so driving on
the off-road terrain does not toss things around.
Environmental Concerns
{CAUTION:
• Cargo on the load floor piled higher than
•
•
the seatbacks can be thrown forward
during a sudden stop. You or your
passengers could be injured. Keep cargo
below the top of the seatbacks.
Unsecured cargo on the load floor can be
tossed about when driving over rough
terrain. You or your passengers can be
struck by flying objects. Secure the cargo
properly.
Heavy loads on the roof raise the vehicle’s
center of gravity, making it more likely to
roll over. You can be seriously or fatally
injured if the vehicle rolls over. Put heavy
loads inside the cargo area, not on the
roof. Keep cargo in the cargo area as far
forward and low as possible.
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and satisfying
recreation. However, it also raises environmental
concerns. We recognize these concerns and urge every
off-roader to follow these basic rules for protecting
the environment:
• Always use established trails, roads and areas that
have been specially set aside for public off-road
recreational driving; obey all posted regulations.
• Avoid any driving practice that could damage
the environment — shrubs, flowers, trees,
grasses — or disturb wildlife (this includes
wheel-spinning, breaking down trees or
unnecessary driving through streams or over
soft ground).
• Always carry a litter bag — make sure all refuse
is removed from any campsite before leaving.
• Take extreme care with open fires (where
permitted), camp stoves and lanterns.
• Never park your vehicle over dry grass or other
You will find other important information in this manual.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49, Roof Rack
System on page 2-37 and Tires on page 5-62.
combustible materials that could catch fire form
the heat of the vehicle’s exhaust system.
4-19
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when going
to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan your
route. You are much less likely to get bad surprises.
Get accurate maps of trails and terrain. Try to learn of
any blocked or closed roads.
It is also a good idea to travel with at least one other
vehicle. If something happens to one of them, the other
can help quickly.
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It is a good idea to practice in an area that is safe
and close to home before you go into the wilderness.
Off-road driving does require some new and different
driving skills. Here is what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. Your
eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep the terrain
for unexpected obstacles. Your ears need to listen
for unusual tire or engine sounds. With your arms,
hands, feet and body, you will need to respond to
vibrations and vehicle bounce.
4-20
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful off-road
driving. One of the best ways to control your vehicle
is to control your speed. Here are some things to keep
in mind. At higher speeds:
• you approach things faster and you have less time
to scan the terrain for obstacles.
• you have less time to react.
• you have more vehicle bounce when you drive over
obstacles.
• you will need more distance for braking, especially
since you are on an unpaved surface.
{CAUTION:
When you are driving off-road, bouncing and
quick changes in direction can easily throw
you out of position. This could cause you to
lose control and crash. So, whether you’re
driving on or off the road, you and your
passengers should wear safety belts.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different
kinds of terrain. You need to be familiar with the terrain
and its many different features. Here are some things
to consider.
Surface Conditions: Off-roading can take you over
hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand, mud, snow
or ice. Each of these surfaces affects the steering,
acceleration and braking of your vehicle in different
ways. Depending upon the kind of surface you are on,
you may experience slipping, sliding, wheel spinning,
delayed acceleration, poor traction and longer braking
distances.
Surface Obstacles: Unseen or hidden obstacles can
be hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut or bump can startle
you if you are not prepared for them. Often these
obstacles are hidden by grass, bushes, snow or even
the rise and fall of the terrain itself. Here are some
things to consider:
• Is the path ahead clear?
• Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead?
• Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
When you drive over obstacles or rough terrain, keep
a firm grip on the steering wheel. Ruts, troughs or other
surface features can jerk the wheel out of your hands
if you are not prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other obstacles,
your wheels can leave the ground. If this happens,
even with one or two wheels, you cannot control the
vehicle as well or at all.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it is
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind of
alertness from driving on paved roads and highways.
There are no road signs, posted speed limits or
signal lights. You have to use your own good judgment
about what is safe and what is not.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on any
road. And this is certainly true for off-road driving.
At the very time you need special alertness and driving
skills, your reflexes, perceptions and judgment can
be affected by even a small amount of alcohol.
You could have a serious — or even fatal — accident if
you drink and drive or ride with a driver who has
been drinking. See Drunken Driving on page 4-4.
(There is more discussion of these subjects later.)
• Will you have to stop suddenly or change direction
quickly?
4-21
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down or across a
hill. Driving safely on hills requires good judgment
and understanding of what your vehicle can and cannot
do. There are some hills that simply cannot be driven,
no matter how well built the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any vehicle.
If you drive up them, you will stall. If you drive
down them, you cannot control your speed.
If you drive across them, you will roll over.
You could be seriously injured or killed. If you
have any doubt about the steepness, do not
drive the hill.
On a very small hill, for example, there may be a
smooth, constant incline with only a small change in
elevation where you can easily see all the way to
the top. On a large hill, the incline may get steeper as
you near the top, but you may not see this because the
crest of the hill is hidden by bushes, grass or shrubs.
Here are some other things to consider as you
approach a hill.
• Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get
sharply steeper in places?
• Is there good traction on the hillside, or will the
surface cause tire slipping?
• Is there a straight path up or down the hill so you
will not have to make turning maneuvers?
• Are there obstructions on the hill that can block
your path (boulders, trees, logs or ruts)?
• What is beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
Approaching a Hill
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if
it is one of those hills that is just too steep to climb,
descend or cross. Steepness can be hard to judge.
4-22
•
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out and walk
the hill if you do not know. It is the smart way to
find out.
Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often have
ruts, gullies, troughs and exposed rocks because
they are more susceptible to the effects of erosion.
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill, you
need to take some special steps.
• Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the steering
wheel.
• Get a smooth start up the hill and try to maintain
your speed. Do not use more power than you
need, because you do not want your wheels to
start spinning or sliding.
• Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
If the path twists and turns, you might want to
find another route.
{CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can be
dangerous. You could lose traction, slide
sideways, and possibly roll over. You could
be seriously injured or killed. When driving up
hills, always try to go straight up.
• Ease up on your speed as you approach the top
of the hill.
• Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more
visible to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
• Sound the horn as you approach the top of the hill
to let opposing traffic know you are there.
• Use your headlamps even during the day. They
make you more visible to oncoming traffic.
{CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full speed
can cause an accident. There could be a
drop-off, embankment, cliff, or even another
vehicle. You could be seriously injured or
killed. As you near the top of a hill, slow down
and stay alert.
4-23
Q: What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or
is about to stall, and I cannot make it up
the hill?
A: If this happens, there are some things you should
do, and there are some things you must not do?
First, here is what you should do:
• Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle and keep
it from rolling backwards. Also, apply the parking
brake.
• If your engine is still running, shift the transaxle to
REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back down the hill in REVERSE (R).
• If your engine has stopped running, you will
need to restart it. With the brake pedal pressed
and the parking brake still applied, shift the
transaxle to PARK (P) (or, shift to NEUTRAL if
you have a manual transaxle) and restart the
engine. Then shift to REVERSE (R), release the
parking brake, and slowly back down the hill
as straight as possible in REVERSE (R).
• As you are backing down the hill, put your left hand
on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock position.
This way you will be able to tell if your wheels
are straight and maneuver as you back down.
4-24
It is best that you back down the hill with your
wheels straight rather than in the left or right
direction. Turning the wheel too far to the left or
right will increase the possibility of a rollover.
Here are some things you must not do if you stall, or
are about to stall, when going up a hill.
• Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting into
NEUTRAL (N) (or pressing the clutch if you
have a manual transaxle) to “rev-up” the engine
and regain forward momentum. This will not work.
Your vehicle will roll backwards very quickly
and you could go out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop the
vehicle. Then apply the parking brake. Shift to
REVERSE (R), release the parking brake,
and slowly back straight down.
• Never attempt to turn around if you are about
to stall when going up a hill. If the hill is steep
enough to stall your vehicle, it is steep enough to
cause you to roll over if you turn around. If you
cannot make it up the hill you must back straight
down the hill.
Q: Suppose, after stalling, I try to back down the
hill and decide I just cannot do it. What should
I do?
A: Set the parking brake, put your transaxle in
PARK (P) (or FIRST (1) if you have a manual
transaxle) and turn off the engine. Leave the vehicle
and go get some help. Exit on the uphill side and
stay clear of the path the vehicle would take if
it rolled downhill.
• Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts? Logs?
Boulders?
• What is at the bottom of the hill? Is there a there
a hidden creek bank or even a river bottom with
large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then try to
keep your vehicle headed straight down, and use a
low gear. This way, engine drag can help your brakes
and they will not have to do all the work. Descend
slowly, keeping your vehicle under control at all times.
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you will want to
consider a number of things:
• How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to maintain
vehicle control?
• What’s the surface like? Smooth? Rough? Slippery?
Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
{CAUTION:
Heavy braking when going down a hill can
cause your brakes to overheat and fade. This
could cause loss of control and a serious
accident. Apply the brakes lightly when
descending a hill and use a low gear to keep
vehicle speed under control.
4-25
Q: Are there some things I should not do when
driving down a hill?
A: Yes! These are important because if you ignore
them you could lose control and have a serious
accident.
• When driving downhill, avoid turns that take you
across the incline of the hill. A hill that is not too
steep to drive down may be too steep to drive
across. You could roll over if you do not drive
straight down.
• Never go downhill with the transaxle in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called “free wheeling.”
Your brakes will have to do all the work and could
overheat and fade.
• Unless you have anti-lock brakes, avoid braking so
hard that you lock the wheels when going downhill.
If your wheels are locked, you cannot steer your
vehicle. If your wheels lock up during downhill
braking, you may feel the vehicle starting to slide
sideways. To regain your direction, just ease off the
brakes and steer to keep the front of the vehicle
pointing straight downhill.
4-26
Q: Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
A: It is much more likely to happen going uphill. But if
it happens going downhill, here is what to do.
1. Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes.
Apply the parking brake.
2. Shift to PARK (P) (or NEUTRAL if you have a
manual transaxle) and, while still braking, restart
the engine.
3. Shift back to a low gear, release the parking brake,
and drive straight down.
4. If the engine will not start, get out and get help.
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go
across the incline of a hill. If this happens, you have to
decide whether to try to drive across the incline.
Here are some things to consider:
• A hill that can be driven straight up or down may
be too steep to drive across. When you go
straight up or down a hill, the length of the wheel
base (the distance from the front wheels to the rear
wheels) reduces the likelihood the vehicle will
tumble end over end. But when you drive across an
incline, the much more narrow track width (the
distance between the left and right wheels) may not
prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling over.
Also, driving across an incline puts more weight on
the downhill wheels. This could cause a downhill
slide or a rollover.
• Surface conditions can be a problem when you
drive across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy spots,
or even wet grass can cause your tires to slip
sideways, downhill. If the vehicle slips sideways,
it can hit something that will trip it (a rock, a rut, etc.)
and roll over.
{CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that is too steep will
make your vehicle roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any
doubt about the steepness of the incline, do
not drive across it. Find another route instead.
• Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of the
incline even worse. If you drive across a rock
with the uphill wheels, or if the downhill wheels
drop into a rut or depression, your vehicle can tilt
even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide carefully
whether to try to drive across an incline. Just because
the trail goes across the incline does not mean you
have to drive it. The last vehicle to try it might
have rolled over.
Q: What if I am driving across an incline that is not
too steep, but I hit some loose gravel and start
to slide downhill. What should I do?
A: If you feel your vehicle starting to slide sideways,
turn downhill. This should help straighten out the
vehicle and prevent the side slipping. However,
a much better way to prevent this is to get out and
“walk the course” so you know what the surface
is like before you drive it.
4-27
Stalling on an Incline
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow or Ice
If your vehicle stalls when you are crossing an incline,
be sure you (and your passengers) get out on the uphill
side, even if the door there is harder to open. If you
get out on the downhill side and the vehicle starts to roll
over, you will be right in its path.
When you drive in mud, snow or sand, your wheels
will not get good traction. You cannot accelerate
as quickly, turning is more difficult, and you will need
longer braking distances.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the path
the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
{CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a
vehicle stopped across an incline is dangerous.
If the vehicle rolls over, you could be crushed
or killed. Always get out on the uphill (high)
side of the vehicle and stay well clear of the
rollover path.
4-28
It is best to use a low gear when you are in mud — the
deeper the mud, the lower the gear. In really deep
mud, the idea is to keep your vehicle moving so you
do not get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you will sense a change in
wheel traction. But it will depend upon how loosely
packed the sand is. On loosely packed sand (as
on beaches or sand dunes) your tires will tend to
sink into the sand. This has an effect on steering,
accelerating and braking. Drive at a reduced speed
and avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire traction.
On these surfaces, it is very easy to lose control.
On wet ice, for example, the traction is so poor that you
will have difficulty accelerating. And, if you do get
moving, poor steering and difficult braking can cause
you to slide out of control.
{CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds or rivers can
be dangerous. Underwater springs, currents
under the ice, or sudden thaws can weaken the
ice. Your vehicle could fall through the ice and
you and your passengers could drown. Drive
your vehicle on safe surfaces only.
Driving in Water
Heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood waters
demand extreme caution.
Find out how deep the water is before you drive through
it. If it is deep enough to cover your wheel hubs, axles or
exhaust pipe, do not try it — you probably will not get
through. Also, water that deep can damage your axle and
other vehicle parts.
If the water is not too deep, drive slowly through it.
At faster speeds, water splashes on your ignition
system and your vehicle can stall. Stalling can also
occur if you get your tailpipe under water. And, as long
as your tailpipe is under water, you will never be
able to start your engine. When you go through water,
remember that when your brakes get wet, it may
take you longer to stop.
{CAUTION:
Driving through rushing water can be
dangerous. Deep water can sweep your
vehicle downstream and you and your
passengers could drown. If it is only shallow
water, it can still wash away the ground
from under your tires, and you could lose
traction and roll the vehicle over. Do not
drive through rushing water.
See Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads on page 4-32
for more information on driving through water.
4-29
After Off-Road Driving
Driving at Night
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on
the underbody, chassis or under the hood. These
accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake linings
cleaned and checked. These substances can cause
glazing and uneven braking. Check the body structure,
steering, suspension, wheels, tires and exhaust
system for damage. Also, check the fuel lines and
cooling system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service due to
off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
for additional information.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-30
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if
you are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night.
They may cut down on glare from headlamps, but
they also make a lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare, as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps, slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less
of a roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out
dimly lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should
be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
4-31
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a
wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as
on dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise
to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if
your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic
signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and
even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in good
shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas
on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start
to separate from the inserts.
4-32
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow down before
you hit them.
{CAUTION:
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build
up under your tires that they can actually ride on
the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough
and you are going fast enough. When your vehicle
is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if
your tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and
raindrops dimple the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-33
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Driving Through Flowing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.
If you cannot avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as
you might at a low water crossing, your vehicle
can be carried away. As little as six inches
of flowing water can carry away a smaller
vehicle. If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
•
4-34
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 5-62.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would
for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-36.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-35
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors, and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads.
But they have their own special rules.
4-36
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your blind spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain
you allow a reasonable following distance. Expect
to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are
going slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles
that first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you will find experienced and able service experts
at Saturn retailers all across North America. They will
be ready and willing to help if you need it.
4-37
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as highway hypnosis?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road
with the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires
on the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush
of the wind against the vehicle that can make you
sleepy. Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your
vehicle can leave the road in less than a second,
and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors
and your instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-38
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can
make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
{CAUTION:
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your vehicle in
gear when you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system,
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to
•
•
•
a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area, or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
4-39
Winter Driving
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be
driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies
in your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 5-62.
4-40
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction.
If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin
and polish the surface under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.
Even though you have an anti-lock braking system,
you will want to begin stopping sooner than you
would on dry pavement. See Braking on page 4-7.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is
about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
fine until you hit a spot that is covered with ice.
On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear
in shaded areas where the sun can not reach:
around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under
bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or
an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding
roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead
of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake
while you are actually on the ice, and avoid
sudden steering maneuvers.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow — drive with caution.
4-41
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be
in a serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are
near help and you can hike through the snow.
Here are some things to do to summon help and
keep yourself and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
4-42
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You cannot see
it or smell it, so you might not know it is in
your vehicle. Clear away snow from around
the base of your vehicle, especially any that
is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure
snow does not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of
the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This
saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a
little faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get
and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the
engine again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can.
To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle
and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour
or so until help comes.
4-43
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you
will need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you are stuck,
but you must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of
the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an
engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
4-44
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin
the wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle
back and forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
See “Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out.”
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-76.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn the system off.
See Traction Control System (TCS) on page 4-10.
Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and
a forward gear (or with a manual transaxle, between
FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and REVERSE (R)),
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear.
By slowly spinning your wheels in the forward and
reverse directions, you will cause a rocking motion that
may free your vehicle. If that does not get you out
after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. Or,
you can use recovery hook if your vehicle has one.
If you do need to be towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle
on page 4-46.
Vehicles Equipped with VTi Variable
Transmission
If you press too hard on the accelerator pedal, you may
not be able to shift into DRIVE (D) or REVERSE (R).
If this happens, release the accelerator pedal, then shift
to the gear you want.
Recovery Hook
Contact your retailer if you would like to have a recovery
hook installed on your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
The recovery hook, when used, is under a lot
of force. Always pull the vehicle straight out.
Never pull on the hook at a sideways angle. The
hook could break off and you or others could be
injured from the chain or cable snapping back.
The recovery hook is located at the rear of your vehicle.
It can only be used for pulling your vehicle out if it is
stuck, not for towing the vehicle.
Notice: Never use the recovery hook to tow the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged and it
would not be covered by warranty.
4-45
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle – such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle
with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing” following in this section.
4-46
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you would
prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll want to
make sure your vehicle is prepared to be towed. See
Before Leaving on a Long Trip on page 4-37.
Dinghy Towing (All-Wheel Drive and
Front-Wheel Drive with VTi Transaxle)
Any all-wheel drive vehicles or front-wheel drive vehicles
equipped with the VTi transaxle should not be towed
with all four wheels on the ground. To properly tow these
vehicles, they should be placed on a platform trailer
with all four wheels off of the ground.
Front-wheel drive vehicles equipped with the VTi
variable transaxle, manual transaxle or five-speed
automatic transaxle may also be towed from the front by
putting the front wheels on a dolly. See “Dolly Towing”
later in this section.
Dinghy Towing (Manual or Five-Speed
Automatic Transaxle*)
Notice: Towing your vehicle after shifting the
five-speed automatic transaxle from anything other
than DRIVE (D) to NEUTRAL (N) can cause internal
damage to the automatic transaxle. Always shift the
five-speed automatic transaxle from DRIVE (D) to
NEUTRAL (N) as the last shift before towing.
5. If you have the automatic five-speed transaxle, shift
your transaxle from DRIVE (D) to NEUTRAL and let
the engine run for three minutes, then turn it off.
6. Locate and remove the large IGNITION fuse from
the underhood fuse block. See “Instrument Panel
Fuse Block” under Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 5-98.
To tow your vehicle from the front with all four wheels
on the ground, do the following:
1. Position and attach the vehicle to tow it behind the
recreational vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition key to ACC.
3. Turn fog lamps and all accessories off.
4. If you have the manual transaxle, shift your
transaxle to NEUTRAL and let the engine run
for three minutes, then turn it off.
Notice: If you tow your vehicle without performing
each of the steps listed under “Dinghy Towing,”
you could damage the automatic transaxle. Be sure
to follow all steps of the dinghy towing procedure
prior to and after towing your vehicle.
Notice: If you tow your vehicle for more than
eight hours per day or at speeds greater than
65 mph (105 km/h), you could damage the automatic
transaxle. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not tow your vehicle for
extended periods of time or at speeds greater
than 65 mph (105 km/h).
4-47
Once you have reached your destination, do the
following:
1. Set the parking brake.
Dolly Towing (Front-Wheel Drive
Vehicles)
2. Shift the transaxle to FIRST (1) for manual
transaxle.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK and remove the
key from the ignition.
4. Replace the large IGNITION fuse.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage
the transaxle. Be sure that the transaxle fluid is
at the proper level before towing with all four wheels
on the ground.
Notice: Don’t tow a vehicle with the front drive
wheels on the ground if one of the front tires is a
compact spare tire. Towing with two different
tire sizes on the front of the vehicle can cause
severe damage to the transaxle.
Dolly Towing (All-Wheel Drive Vehicles)
All-wheel drive vehicles should not be towed from the
front with two wheels on the ground. To properly
tow these vehicles, they should be placed on a platform
trailer with all four wheels off of the ground.
To tow your front-wheel drive vehicle from the front with
two wheels on the ground, do the following:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. If you have a five-speed automatic transaxle or
VTi variable transaxle, move the shift lever to
PARK (P). If you have a manual transaxle, move
the shift lever to SECOND (2).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4-48
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for towing.
Loading Your Vehicle
5. Release the parking brake.
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification/Tire label.
Towing Your Vehicle From the Rear
{CAUTION:
Notice: Towing your vehicle from the rear could
damage it. Also, repairs would not be covered by
the warranty. Never have your vehicle towed
from the rear.
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it can
change the way your vehicle handles. These
could cause you to lose control and crash.
Also, overloading can shorten the life of
your vehicle.
4-49
Tire and Loading Information Label
The Tire and Loading Information label also tells
you the size and recommended inflation pressure for
the original equipment tires on your vehicle. For
more information on tires and inflation see Tires on
page 5-62 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-69.
If your vehicle does not have the Tire and Loading
Information label, the Certification/Tire label shows
the tire size and recommended inflation pressures
needed to obtain the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for
the front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
The Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the center pillar, near the driver’s door latch. Vehicles
without a center pillar will have the Tire and Loading
Information label attached to the driver’s door edge.
This label lists the number of people that can be in your
vehicle and the total weight it can carry. This weight
is called the vehicle capacity weight.
4-50
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight
of occupants and cargo should never exceed
XXX pounds” on your vehicle placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount
of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example,
if the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there
will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle,
the amount of available cargo and luggage
load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400 − 750
(5 x 150) = 650 lbs.).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
See Towing a Trailer on page 4-55 for important
information on towing a trailer, towing safety rules
and trailering tips.
Example 1
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 1 =
1,000 lbs. (453 kg)
B
Subtract
Occupant Weight
150 lbs. (68 kg) × 2 =
300 lbs. (136 kg)
C
Available Occupant
and Cargo Weight =
700 lbs. (317 kg)
4-51
Example 2
Example 3
Loading Your Vehicle
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
Total
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 2 =
1,000 lbs. (453 kg)
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 3 =
1,000 lbs. (453 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs.
(68 kg) × 5 =
750 lbs. (340 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs.
(91 kg) × 5 =
1,000 lbs. (453 kg)
C
Available Occupant
and Cargo Weight =
250 lbs. (113 kg)
C
Available Occupant
and Cargo Weight =
0 lbs. (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
capacity weight and seating positions. The combined
weight of the driver, passengers and cargo should
never exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
4-52
Certification/Tire Label
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the
maximum weights for the front and rear axles, called
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the
actual loads on your front and rear axles, you need to
go to a weigh station and weigh your vehicle. Your
retailer can help you with this. Be sure to spread out
your load equally on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread
it out.
Similar looking vehicles may have different GVWRs and
payloads. Please consult your vehicle’s Certification/Tire
label or your retailer for additional details.
The Certification/Tire label is located on the rear edge
of the driver’s door. The label shows the proper size and
speed rating of your original tires, as well as the
inflation pressures needed to obtain the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle. This is called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, cargo, and
trailer tongue weight, if your vehicle is pulling a trailer.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either
the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of your vehicle.
4-53
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your vehicle’s weight ratings.
Ask your retailer to help you load your vehicle correctly
if you are using these components.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle — like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else — they will go as
fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or
turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
(Continued)
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar
Equipment
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn,
or in a crash.
• Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a trunk, put them as far forward as you
can. Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
CAUTION:
4-54
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Your vehicle was neither designed nor intended for a
snow plow.
Notice: Adding a snow plow or similar equipment
to your vehicle can damage it, and the repairs would
not be covered by warranty. Do not install a snow
plow or similar equipment on your vehicle.
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. You may also damage your
vehicle; the resulting repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Pull a trailer only if
you have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with your vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage
your vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered
by your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part and see your retailer for
important information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
Do not tow a trailer if your vehicle is equipped with
the Red Line package. You can damage your vehicle.
If you are not sure if your vehicle is equipped with
the Red Line package, contact your retailer.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what
the vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, acceleration, braking, durability
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of
these are important for your safety and that of your
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine,
transmission, rear axle, wheel assemblies and tires are
forced to work harder against the drag of the added
weight. The engine is required to operate at relatively
higher speeds and under greater loads, generating extra
heat. What’s more, the trailer adds considerably to
wind resistance, increasing the pulling requirements.
4-55
If You Do Decide to Pull a Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make
sure your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you’ll be driving. A good source
for this information can be state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches” later
in this section.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(805 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (805 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
• If you have an automatic transaxle, you can use
Intermediate (I) or as you need to, a lower gear
which will minimize heat buildup and extend the life
of your transaxle.
4-56
• If you have a VTi variable transaxle, you can use
Drive (D) or as you need to Intermediate (I).
• If you have a manual transaxle, you should not use
fifth gear. Drive in fourth gear or as you need to a
lower gear.
• Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h),
to save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
• Don’t tow a trailer when the outside temperature is
above 100°F (38°C).
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• the weight of the trailer,
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,500 lbs. (680 kg)
for the four cylinder and 3500 lbs (1587 kg) for the
six cylinder. But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your
vehicle.
You can ask your retailer for trailering information
or advice.
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. If you have a lot of options, equipment,
passengers or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce
the tongue weight your vehicle can carry, which will
also reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow.
And if you tow a trailer, you must add the tongue load
to the GVW because your vehicle will be carrying
that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49
for more information about your vehicle’s maximum
load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you’re using a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights
are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get
them right simply by moving some items around in
the trailer.
4-57
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Safety Chains
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You will find these numbers on
the Tire-Loading Information label found on the rear
edge of the driver’s side rear door or see Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-49. Then be sure you don’t go
over the GVW limit for your vehicle or the Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR), including the weight of the
trailer tongue.
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop
to the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by
the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn
with your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag
on the ground.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you will need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
• The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or
other bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If
you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them,
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust
can get into your vehicle. See Engine Exhaust
on page 2-27. Dirt and water can, too.
4-58
Trailer Brakes
If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, don’t try to tap
into your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do,
both brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes, so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector, lamps,
tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that
the load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer when towing a trailer, you’ll need to go much
farther beyond the passed vehicle before you can return
to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike
soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. See your
retailer if you need information. The arrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or
lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps
will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
4-59
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving on Grades
Notice: Do not tow on steep continuous grades
exceeding 6 miles (9.6 km). Extended, higher
than normal engine and transaxle temperatures may
result and damage your vehicle. Frequent stops
are very important to allow the engine and transaxle
to cool.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you
start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t
shift down, you might have to use your brakes so much
that they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of the engine and the transmission
overheating. If your engine does overheat, see
Engine Overheating on page 5-31.
4-60
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) for an automatic transaxle, or into gear
for a manual transaxle.
When parking uphill, turn your wheels away from
the curb. When parking downhill, turn your wheels
into the curb.
2. Have someone place chocks behind the trailer
wheels.
3. When the chocks are in place, release the regular
brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P) for an
automatic transaxle or REVERSE (R) for a
manual transaxle.
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal
down while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-4 for more information. Things that are especially
important in trailer operation are automatic transaxle
fluid (don’t overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, drive belt,
cooling system and brake system. Each of these is
covered in this manual, and the Index will help you find
them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to
review this information before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-31.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
Changing a Tire When Trailer Towing
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
If you get a flat tire while towing a trailer, be sure
to secure the trailer and disconnect it from the vehicle
before changing the tire.
4-61
Trailer Wiring
Additional wire length has been provided for connecting
trailer wiring to your vehicle. A loop of five wires is
stored below the jack, which is located on the driver’s
side of the cargo area. The wires are fused in both
the underhood and instrument fuse block. See
“Instrument Panel Fuse Block” and “Underhood Fuse
Block” under Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-98.
The wires don’t have a connector and should be
wired to the trailer by a qualified electrical technician.
The technician can use the following chart when
connecting a trailer wiring harness to your vehicle.
•
•
•
•
•
Yellow: Left Turn Signal
Brown: Parking Lamps
Light Blue: Stop Lamps
Black: Ground Wire
Dark Green: Right Turn Signal
4-62
When connecting a trailer harness, be sure you leave it
loose enough so the wiring does not bend or break,
but not so loose that it drags on the ground. Store
harness below jack in the cargo area when it is not in
use. Wrap the harness together and tie it neatly so it will
not be damaged.
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-4
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle ..............................................5-5
Fuel ................................................................5-5
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-5
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-6
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-7
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-8
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................5-10
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-15
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-21
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ..............................5-25
Manual Transaxle Fluid ..................................5-27
Hydraulic Clutch ...........................................5-28
Engine Coolant .............................................5-28
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................5-31
Engine Overheating .......................................5-31
Cooling System ............................................5-34
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-40
Brakes ........................................................5-41
Battery ........................................................5-44
Jump Starting ...............................................5-45
All-Wheel Drive ..............................................5-51
Headlamp Aiming ...........................................5-52
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-53
Halogen Bulbs ..............................................5-53
Headlamps ..................................................5-53
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps ..............5-56
Fog Lamps ..................................................5-57
Sidemarker Lamps ........................................5-57
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) .........5-58
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps .........................................5-59
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-60
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-60
Tires ..............................................................5-62
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-69
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-70
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-71
Buying New Tires .........................................5-72
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-73
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-74
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-75
Tire Chains ..................................................5-76
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-77
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-78
Compact Spare Tire ......................................5-88
Appearance Care ............................................5-89
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................5-89
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-92
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-92
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ..............5-92
Sheet Metal Damage .....................................5-95
Finish Damage .............................................5-95
5-2
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-95
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-95
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..................5-96
Vehicle Identification ......................................5-97
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-97
Service Parts Identification Label .....................5-97
Electrical System ............................................5-98
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................5-98
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................5-98
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5-98
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................5-98
Capacities and Specifications ........................5-102
Service
Your Saturn retailer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you will go to your
retailer for all your service needs. You will get genuine
Saturn parts and Saturn-trained and supported
service people.
We hope you will want to keep your Saturn vehicle
all Saturn.
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain and/or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and systems
(including some inside the vehicle), many fluids, and
some component wear by-products contain and/or emit
these chemicals.
Genuine Saturn parts have one of these marks.
5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you
will want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-9.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-56.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-18.
5-4
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind
noise and affect windshield washer performance. Check
with your retailer before adding equipment to the
outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
of 87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may get
a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this occurs,
use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as
possible. Otherwise, you might damage your engine. A
little pinging noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is
considered normal. This does not indicate a problem
exists or that a higher-octane fuel is necessary. If you are
using 87 octane or higher-octane fuel and hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service.
Gasoline Specifications
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel
Charter which is available from the Alliance of
Automobile Manufacturers at
www.autoalliance.org/fuel_charter.htm. Gasoline
meeting these specifications could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasoline.
5-5
California Fuel
Additives
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards, it is designed to operate on fuels that
meet California specifications. See the underhood
emission control label. If this fuel is not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp may turn on and your vehicle may fail a
smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-35. If this occurs, return to your authorized
Saturn retailer for diagnosis. If it is determined that the
condition is caused by the type of fuel used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work
properly. In most cases, you should not have to add
anything to your fuel. However, some gasolines contain
only the minimum amount of additive required to
meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
General Motors recommends that you buy gasolines
that are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake
valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems
due to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of
gasoline. Also, your retailer has additives that will
help correct and prevent most deposit-related problems.
5-6
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for
low emissions may contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you
buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT. General
Motors does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark
plugs and the performance of the emission control
system may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
Saturn retailer for service.
5-7
Filling Your Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
The fuel filler cap is located behind a hinged door on
the passenger’s side of your vehicle. It is tethered to the
door to prevent loss while refueling. Make sure that
water, snow, and dirt are kept away from the filler cap
and filler pipe nozzle.
5-8
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). It will require about 1/2 of a turn to
remove the cap. The fuel cap has a spring in it; if
you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the
right (clockwise).
{CAUTION:
If you get fuel on yourself and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel can
spray out on you if you open the fuel cap too
quickly. This spray can happen if your tank is
nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather.
Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for any
“hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all
the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Clean fuel from painted
surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning the Outside
of Your Vehicle on page 5-92.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the
right (clockwise) about 1/4 of a turn until you hear
three clicks. Make sure you fully install the cap. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly installed. This would
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere and may
cause the malfunction indicator lamp to come on.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-35.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-35.
5-9
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-10
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the handle located
under the instrument
panel on the driver’s
side of the vehicle.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and lift up on the
secondary hood release lever.
3. Lift the hood, release the hood prop from its
retainer and put the hood prop into the slot marked
PROP ROD.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
on properly. Then lift the hood to relieve pressure on the
hood prop. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the
hood and return the prop to its retainer. Then just let the
hood down and close it firmly.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 2.2L (L61) four cylinder engine, you’ll see the following:
5-12
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-21.
B. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-15.
C. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-15.
D. Brake/Clutch Cylinder Fluid. See Brakes on
page 5-41 and Hydraulic Clutch on page 5-28.
E. Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Fuses and
Circuit Breakers on page 5-98.
F. Battery. See Battery on page 5-44.
G. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-40.
H. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank. See Engine Coolant
on page 5-28.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are
on properly.
5-13
When you open the hood on the 3.5L V6 (L66) engine, you’ll see the following:
5-14
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-21.
B. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-15.
C. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-15.
D. Battery. See Battery on page 5-44.
E. Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Fuses and
Circuit Breakers on page 5-98.
F. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank. See Engine Coolant
on page 5-28.
G. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-40.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are
on properly.
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop for the
2.2L L4 engine and an orange loop for the 3.5L V6
engine. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for the location of the engine oil dipstick
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you do not do this, the
oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
2.2L L4 (L61) Engine
5-15
2.2L L4 (L61) Engine
3.5L V6 (L66) Engine
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the MIN mark for the 2.2L L4
engine or below the lower mark (B) for the 3.5L
V6 engine, then you will need to add at least one quart
of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section
explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil crankcase
capacity, see Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-102.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
5-16
3.5L V6 (L66) Engine
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the
way back in when you are through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
For Vehicles with the 2.2L L4 (L61)
Engine Only
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. You should look for and use
only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is best
for your vehicle. However, if it is going to be 0°F
(–18°C) or above and SAE 5W-30 is not available,
you may use SAE 10W-30.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
5-17
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
For Vehicles with the 3.5L V6 (L66)
Engine Only
5-18
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-20 is best for
your vehicle.
These numbers on an oil container show its viscosity, or
thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils such as
SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and use only those oils that have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
Notice: Use only engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oil
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for
good performance and engine protection.
5-19
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System)
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is
based on engine revolutions and engine temperature,
and not on mileage. Based on driving conditions,
the mileage at which an oil change will be indicated can
vary considerably. For the oil life system to work
properly, you must reset the system every time the oil
is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE OIL SOON light will come on.
Change your oil as soon as possible within the next
two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that, if you are
driving under the best conditions, the oil life system
may not indicate that an oil change is necessary for over
a year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. Your retailer has trained service people
who will perform this work using genuine Saturn
parts and reset the system. It is also important to check
your oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed.
5-20
How to Reset the Oil Life System
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can
calculate when the next oil change is required. If a
situation occurs where you change your oil prior to a
CHANGE OIL SOON light being turned on, reset
the system.
After changing the engine oil, reset the system by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition key to RUN with the engine off.
2. Fully press and release the accelerator pedal
three times within five seconds.
If the Change Engine Oil light is flashing, the
system is reset. The light will flash for up to
30 seconds or until the ignition is turned off.
If the light comes on again and stays on for 30 seconds
at the next ignition cycle, it did not reset. You will
need to reset the system again.
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter Replacement
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it
in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a
problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at every oil change and
replace at the first oil change after 25,000 miles
(40 000 km).
5-21
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake filter to release loose dust
and dirt. If the filter remains “caked” with dirt, a new
filter is required.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when you
are driving.
To replace the engine air cleaner/filter, do the following:
The engine air cleaner/filter is located in the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for more information on location.
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4 for information
on when to replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned.
The air cleaner not only cleans the air; it helps
to stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is
not there and the engine backfires, you could
be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
5-22
1. Unscrew the clamp on the air duct hose.
2. Disconnect the hose.
3. Release clamps on side of air cleaner assembly.
4. Rotate cover upward to disengage cover hinges.
5-23
Make sure you are away from the engine
compartment when cleaning the air filter with
compressed air.
Wipe all dust from inside of the housing and inspect
the air cleaner and air outlets duct for cracks,
cuts and deterioration. The air outlet duct must be
replaced if damaged.
6. Install the air filter element.
7. Install the air cleaner cover, making sure that the
cover hinges are properly engaged into position.
8. Latch the air cleaner cover into position using the
clips on the side of the air cleaner box.
5. Remove air cleaner cover assembly and air filter
element.
If the air filter element is dirty, you should replace it.
If it is only dusty, it may be cleaned by blowing
compressed air through it from the clean side.
5-24
9. Connect the electrical connection to the mass air
flow sensor, if applicable.
10. Reposition the air cleaner outlet duct assembly.
11. Tighten the air cleaner outlet duct clamp.
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service
department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change the fluid every 50,000 miles (83 000 km) if
the vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
• In hilly or mountainous terrain.
• When doing recreational/trailer towing.
• Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid at 100,000 miles
(166 000 km).
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage the
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the fluid
could come out and fall on hot engine or exhaust
system parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid could
cause the transaxle to overheat. Be sure to get an
accurate reading if you check the transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
•
•
•
•
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic – especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F
(10°C). If it’s colder than 50°F (10°C), you may have to
drive longer.
5-25
Checking the Fluid Level (Automatic
Transaxle with 2.2L L4 Engine)
Checking the Fluid Level (Automatic
Transaxle with 3.5L V6 Engine)
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
• Park your vehicle on a level place.
• Warm the engine to normal operating temperature
until the electric radiator fan turns on at least once.
• With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
• With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
• Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
• With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
• With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
The transaxle fluid dipstick handle is the black loop
near the rear of the engine compartment, toward
the center. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
5-26
Then, turn off the engine and, follow these steps:
The transaxle fluid dipstick handle is the yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for more information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be between the upper
mark and the lower mark.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Manual Transaxle Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-14.
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level. A
transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss.
If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to your retailer’s service
department and have it repaired as soon as possible.
You may also have your fluid level checked by your
retailer or service center when you have your oil
changed. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-14 for the proper fluid to use.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
Notice: Use of automatic transaxle fluid other than
that listed in the Maintenance Schedule may
damage your vehicle, and the damages may not be
covered by your warranty. Always use the correct
automatic transaxle fluid in your vehicle. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-14
for the correct automatic transaxle fluid.
Notice: Use of manual transaxle fluid other than
that listed in the Maintenance Schedule may damage
your vehicle, and the damages may not be covered
by your warranty. Always use the correct manual
transaxle fluid in your vehicle. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-14 for the correct
manual transaxle fluid.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check” earlier in
this section.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
5-27
Hydraulic Clutch
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is
self-adjusting. The hydraulic clutch system does not
have its own reservoir. The system receives fluid from
the brake master cylinder reservoir. It is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See Brakes on page 5-41 for
more information.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for five years or 100,000 miles
(166 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-31.
5-28
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
•
•
•
•
•
Give freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your retailer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
5-29
Checking Coolant
CAUTION:
(Continued)
badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
The surge tank is located on the driver’s side of the
engine compartment. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
CAUTION:
5-30
(Continued)
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the Cold
line (surge tank seam). When your engine is warm,
the level should be at the Cold line or a little higher.
If the low coolant light comes on and stays on, it means
you’re low on engine coolant. See Low Coolant
Warning Light on page 3-34.
Adding Coolant
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool. See Engine Overheating on page 5-31
for instructions on “How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank.”
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly
installed, coolant loss and possible engine
damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly
and tightly secured.
If you replace your coolant surge tank pressure cap, a
Saturn cap is required.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage and a coolant
temperature warning light on your vehicle’s instrument
panel. See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on
page 3-34 and Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Light on page 3-33. You will also find a low coolant level
warning light on your vehicle’s instrument panel. See
Low Coolant Warning Light on page 3-34.
5-31
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay
away from the engine if you see or hear steam
coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You
or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-32
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant light, can
indicate a serious problem. See Low Coolant Warning
Light on page 3-34.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant light, but see or hear no steam, the problem may
not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a
little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about ten minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues and you have not stopped, pull
over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for three minutes while you’re parked. If you still
have the warning, turn off the engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner and it’s on, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. Try to minimize engine load. If you’re in a traffic
jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N); otherwise, shift to the
highest gear while driving.
5-33
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is what
you will see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling, do
not do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Electric Engine Fan
B. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
5-34
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive
the vehicle.
The coolant level should be at the COLD line (surge
tank seam). If it is not, you may have a leak at the
radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or
somewhere else in the cooling system.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them. If
you do, you can be burned.
CAUTION:
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they are not, your vehicle needs service.
Turn off the engine.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
(Continued)
5-35
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
Notice: This vehicle has a specific coolant fill
procedure. Failure to follow this procedure could
cause your engine to overheat and be severely
damaged.
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level isn’t at the FULL COLD mark, add a
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL®
coolant at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you do it. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-28 for more information.
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant
surge tank pressure cap — even a little — they
CAUTION:
5-36
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
can come out at high speed. Never turn the
cap when the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait
for the cooling system and coolant surge tank
pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-37
1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure
cap when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator
hose, is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) about one-quarter of a
turn. If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. This
will allow any pressure still left to be vented out the
discharge hose.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly, and
remove it.
5-38
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture, to the COLD line.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOL® coolant mixture
to the coolant surge tank until the level reaches the
COLD line.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight.
Check the level in the surge tank when the cooling
system has cooled down. If the coolant is not at
the proper level, repeat Steps 1 through 3 and
reinstall the pressure cap. If the coolant isn’t at the
proper level when the system cools down again, see
your retailer.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start
the engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
5-39
Windshield Washer Fluid
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
What to Use
When you need windshield or rear window (wagon
models) washer fluid be sure to read the instructions
before use. If you will be operating your vehicle in
an area where the temperature may fall below freezing,
use a fluid that has sufficient protection against
freezing.
Adding Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer fluid symbol
printed on it and add
washer fluid until the tank
is full.
5-40
Notice:
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water does not
clean as well as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it is very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder
reservoir is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the
reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is
that fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you
should have your brake system fixed, since a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes will not work
well, or will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-30.
5-41
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-14.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
5-42
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system parts so
badly that they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be
careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle. If
you do, wash it off immediately. See Appearance
Care on page 5-89.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear
drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly).
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to Saturn torque specifications.
Your rear drum brakes do not have wear indicators, but
if you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the
rear brake linings inspected immediately. Also, the rear
brake drums should be removed and inspected each
time the tires are removed for rotation or changing.
When you have the front brake pads replaced, have the
rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
5-43
Brake Pedal Travel
See your retailer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a moderate brake stop, your
brakes adjust for wear. If you rarely make a moderate
or heavier stop, then your brakes might not adjust
correctly. If you drive in that way, then — very
carefully — make a few moderate brake stops
about every 1,000 miles (1 600 km), so your brakes
will adjust properly.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your
vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality
brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system —for example, when your brake linings
wear down and you need new ones put in — be sure
5-44
you get new approved Saturn replacement parts. If you
do not, your brakes may no longer work properly.
For example, if someone puts in brake linings that are
wrong for your vehicle, the balance between your
front and rear brakes can change — for the worse. The
braking performance you have come to expect can
change in many other ways if someone puts in
the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery. When it is
time for a new battery, get one that has the replacement
number shown on the original battery’s label. We
recommend an ACDelco® replacement battery. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
battery location.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
Vehicle Storage
Jump Starting
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (−) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
are not careful. See Jump Starting on
page 5-45 for tips on working around a battery
without getting hurt.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature on page 3-72.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode
or ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
5-45
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that would not be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you do not want. You would not be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding
could damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in
NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlet. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminal locations on
each vehicle. The terminals for the 2.2L L4
engine are located on the side of the battery and
the terminals for the 3.5L V6 engine are located on
top of the battery. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for more information
on location.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
5-46
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the battery installed
in your new vehicle. But if a battery has filler
caps, be sure the right amount of fluid is there.
If it is low, add water to take care of that first.
If you do not, explosive gas could be present.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you
will get a short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts, too. And do not connect the
negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
5-47
6. Remove the terminal
cover, if equipped, and
connect the red
positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal
of the dead battery.
Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has
one. The positive (+) terminal on your vehicle is
covered by a protector cap which must be removed
before you connect the positive (+) jumper cable
to the positive (+) terminal of the dead battery.
5-48
7. Do not let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to
the negative (−)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (−) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until the
next step. The other end of the negative (−) cable
doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to a
heavy, unpainted metal part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable at
least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical
connection is just as good there, and the chance
of sparks getting back to the battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Press UNLOCK on the RKE transmitter to disarm
your security system (if equipped).
12. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery. If
it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
5-49
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting may
occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always connect
and remove the jumper cables in the correct
order, making sure that the cables do not touch
each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles, do
the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the terminal cover to its original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-50
All-Wheel Drive
How to Check Lubricant
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure to
perform the lubricant checks described in this section.
However, they have two additional systems that
need lubrication.
Transfer Case (Power Transfer Unit for
2.2L Engine)
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-14.
5-51
Transfer Case (3.5L Engine)
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See
Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
A fluid loss could indicate a problem; check and have it
repaired, if needed.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-14.
Headlamp Aiming
Headlamp aim has been preset at the factory and
should need no further adjustment.
AWD Transfer Case
A: Fill Plug
B: Drain Plug
5-52
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low-beam
headlamps may be necessary if it is difficult to see
the lane markers (for horizontal aim), or if oncoming
drivers flash their high-beam headlamps at you
(for vertical aim). If you believe your headlamps need to
be re-aimed, we recommend that you take your
vehicle to your retailer for service.
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the type of bulb to use, see Replacement Bulbs on
page 5-60.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the side marker fasteners.
3. Remove the side marker lamp from the body of
the vehicle.
5-53
4. Rotate the side marker bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove it from the housing.
5. Remove the side marker housing.
5-54
6. Remove the fasteners from the headlamp assembly.
7. Insert a flat blade screwdriver through the opening
in the top. Make sure the screwdriver fits through
the opening in the headlamp bracket lower arm.
8. Push the locking tab toward the rear of the vehicle
with the screwdriver to lift the headlamp bracket
lower arm.
9. Lift up the assembly.
5-55
Front Turn Signal and
Parking Lamps
1. Follow steps 1 through 9 of the Headlamp bulb
replacement procedure.
2. Rotate the bulb to be replaced counterclockwise to
remove it from the headlamp housing.
3. Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket assembly.
10. Disconnect the electrical connector from the
bulb assembly.
11. Rotate the bulb assembly counterclockwise to
remove it from the housing.
12. Connect the electrical connector to headlamp
bulb assembly.
13. Insert headlamp bulb assembly into headlamp
housing, and rotate clockwise until seated.
14. Lower headlamp into position.
4. Push the new bulb into the bulb socket assembly.
15. Install headlamp assembly fasteners.
5. Insert the bulb assembly into the headlamp housing.
6. Rotate the bulb assembly clockwise until seated.
5-56
Fog Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
1. Follow steps 1 through 3 under Headlamp, or Front
Turn Signal and Parking Lamps procedure.
2. Pull the side marker bulb out of the side marker
bulb socket.
3. Push the new bulb into the bulb socket.
4. Insert the side marker bulb assembly into the side
marker lamp housing.
5. Rotate the side marker bulb assembly clockwise
until seated.
6. Align the lower attachments tabs of the side marker
housing with the front fascia notches. Lower side
marker housing into place.
7. Install the side marker fasteners.
1. Reach through opening in lower front fascia to gain
access to the fog lamp bulb electrical connector.
2. Disconnect bulb electrical connector. Lift locking tab
and pull the electrical connector rearward to remove
the connector.
3. Rotate the bulb socket counterclockwise to
remove it.
4. Remove the bulb and replace it with the
appropriate bulb.
5-57
Center High-Mounted
Stoplamp (CHMSL)
4. Disconnect the electrical connector from the
CHMSL assembly.
5. Press the tabs on the CHMSL lens to separate the
CHMSL bulb from the CHMSL lens.
6. Pull the CHMSL bulb out of the assembly.
7. Push the new bulb into the assembly until the bulb
is installed.
8. Align the tabs on the CHMSL lens with the CHMSL
bulb assembly, and push to installed.
9. Connect the electrical connector to the CHMSL
assembly.
10. Connect the rear washer hose to the rear
washer nozzle.
1. Remove the center high mount stoplamp (CHMSL)
fasteners.
2. Pull the CHMSL out of the liftgate.
3. Disconnect the rear washer hose from the rear
washer nozzle.
5-58
11. Align the CHMSL assembly with the liftgate.
12. Install the CHMSL fasteners.
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Back-up Lamps
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Remove the taillamp fasteners from the body of
the vehicle.
2. Slide the taillamp
housing rearward and
away from the body
of the vehicle.
4. Turn the bulb socket being replaced
counterclockwise to disconnect it from the
taillamp housing.
5. Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket.
6. Push the new bulb into the bulb socket.
3. Disconnect the taillamp housing electrical connector
and remove the taillamp housing.
7. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the taillamp
assembly.
5-59
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Back-up Lamps
CHMSL
Fog Lamps
Front Sidemarker Lamps
Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamps
Headlamps
High-Beam
Low-Beam
Rear Turn Signal Lamps
Stoplamps and Taillamps
Bulb Number
315609442003
W5W12092811
880C12450143
16809425542
3457A1999370
9005
H6309441732
9006
HB409441733
305709441839
305709441839
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact
your retailer.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” under Owner Checks and Services on page 6-10
for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 6-16.
Here’s how to replace the windshield wiper blades:
1. Turn the wipers on to the lowest intermittent setting.
2. Turn off the ignition while the wipers are at the
outer positions of the wipe pattern. The blades
are more accessible for removal/replacement while
in this position.
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield.
5-60
To replace the backglass mounted wiper blade, do the
following:
1. Turn the rear wiper off.
2. Pull the wiper away from the backglass.
3. Pull up the release clip, located at the connecting
point of the blade and the arm. Then, pull the
blade assembly down toward the glass to remove it
from the wiper arm.
4. Push the new wiper blade securely on the
wiper arm until you hear the release clip “click”
into place.
5. Push the release clip, from Step 3, down to secure
the wiper blade into place.
4. Pull up the release clip, located at the connecting
point of the blade and the arm. Then, pull the
blade assembly down toward the glass to remove it
from the wiper arm.
5. Push the new wiper blade securely on the
wiper arm until you hear the release clip “click”
into place.
6. Push the release clip, from Step 4, down to secure
the wiper blade into place.
5-61
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
{CAUTION:
CAUTION:
5-62
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
•
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-49.
(Continued)
(Continued)
•
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold. See Inflation Tire Pressure on page 5-69.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into the
sidewall. The following illustrations are examples of a
typical P-Metric and a LT-Metric tire sidewall.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer and
plant code, tire size, and date the tire was manufactured.
The TIN is molded onto both sides of the tire, although
only one side may have the date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
P-Metric Tire
(A) Tire Size Code: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size Code” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information, see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-73.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-69 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49.
5-63
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) Dual Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load that can
be carried and the maximum pressure needed to
support that load when used in a dual configuration. For
information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-69 and Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-49.
(D) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
LT-Metric Tire
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
5-64
(E) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer and
plant code, tire size, and date the tire was manufactured.
The TIN is molded onto both sides of the tire, although
only one side may have the date of manufacture.
(F) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(G) Single Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load that
can be carried and the maximum pressure needed
to support that load when used as a single. For
information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-69 and Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-49.
Tire Size
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
The following examples show the different parts of a
tire size.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter P as the
first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U.S. Tire
and Rim Association.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is 75, as shown in item C of the
illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall is
75% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
R means radial ply construction; the letter D means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter B means
belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire. The
load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed ratings
range from A to Z.
5-65
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire. The
load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed ratings
range from A to Z. The light truck tire size example
above shows dual or single tire configurations.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire
(A) Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letters LT as
the first two characters in the tire size means a light
truck tire engineered to standards set by the U. S. Tire
and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is 75, as shown in item C of the
illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall is
75% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
R means radial ply construction; the letter D means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter B means
belted-bias ply construction.
5-66
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to
its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up heat
from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-69.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
There are 6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the U.S.
Department of Transportation motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator which can
also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant,
brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-49.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying capacity
of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
(68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
5-67
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of a asymmetrical
tire that has a particular side that faces outward
when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears
manufacturer, brand and or model name molding that is
higher or deeper than the same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-69 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49.
Radial Ply tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
5-68
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains. See When It
Is Time for New Tires on page 5-71.
UTQGS: Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards, a tire
information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-73.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs. (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-49.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation pressure. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-49.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
When to Check
The tire and loading information label, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they are cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km). See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-49, for the location
of your vehicle’s tire and loading information label.
Check your tires once a month or more.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is not.
If your tires do not have enough air (under-inflation),
you can get the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Premature or irregular wear
Poor handling
Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation), you
can get the following:
•
•
•
•
Unusual wear
Poor handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
Do not forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are properly
inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they are underinflated.
Check the tire’s inflation pressure when the tires
are cold. Cold means your vehicle has been sitting
for at least three hours or driven no more than
1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the Tire and Loading
Information label, no further adjustment is necessary. If
the inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach
the recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
5-69
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-71 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-75 for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4, for scheduled rotation intervals.
When towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground, the vehicle’s odometer will not record the miles
generated while towing. Keep a record of how many
miles your vehicle was towed so they can be added to
the mileage on the vehicle’s odometer when following
your maintenance schedule for recommended services.
5-70
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire and
Loading Information label.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-102.
When It Is Time for New Tires
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to get all
the rust or dirt off. See Changing a Flat Tire on
page 5-78.
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
5-71
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Certification/Tire label or the Tire and Loading
Information label. For examples of these labels and their
location on your vehicle, see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-49.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
General Motors recommends that you get tires with
that same TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will
continue to have tires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling, speed rating, load range, traction,
ride and other things during normal service on your
vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread design,
the TPC number will be followed by an “MS” (for mud
and snow).
5-72
Whenever you replace your tires, with those not having
a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction
type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires) the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires on
all wheels.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
Notice: To maintain proper operation of the
all-wheel drive system, replacement tires (including
compact spare tire) must meet the original
equipment size specifications. The “Tire and
Loading Information” label or the “Certification/Tire”
label shows the original equipment tires, installed
on your vehicle when it was new. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-49, for additional information.
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-73
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
5-74
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
If you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pulling
one way or the other, the alignment may need to
be reset. If you notice your vehicle vibrating when driving
on a smooth road, your wheels may need to be
rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your retailer if any of these conditions exist.
Your retailer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new Saturn
original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-78 for more
information.
5-75
Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used
or how far it’s been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new Saturn original
equipment wheel.
If your vehicle has P235/65R16, P235/60R17 or
245/50R18 size tires, do not use tire chains,
there is not enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can cause damage
to the brakes, suspension or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire chains
could cause you to lose control of your vehicle
and you or others may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and do
not spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the front tires.
5-76
Notice: If your vehicle has a tire size other than
P235/65R16, P235/60R17 or 245/50R18 size tires, use
tire chains only where legal and only when you must.
Use only SAE Class “S” type chains that are the
proper size for your tires. Install them on the front
tires and tighten them as tightly as possible with the
ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels with
chains on will damage your vehicle.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blowout” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-77
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
hazard warning flashers.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over or fall on you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured or even killed. Find a level place to
change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle
from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put an automatic transaxle shift lever in
PARK (P), or shift a manual transaxle to
FIRST (1) or REVERSE (R).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in the
vehicle.
CAUTION:
5-78
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
To be even more certain the vehicle will not
move, you should put blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the one
being changed. That would be the tire on the
other side, at the opposite end of the vehicle.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll
need is located in on the
driver’s side of the
rear cargo area.
1. Lift the forward floor panel of the load floor cargo
organizer.
2. Remove the forward floor panel of the load floor
cargo organizer and place it in the vehicle while
you are removing the spare tire.
5-79
3. Open the floor cargo organizer locks, located on the
top left and right corners of the organizer, by
pushing inward on them.
5-80
4. Remove the load floor cargo organizer.
5. Remove the wheel retainer bolt holding down the
spare tire.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and wheel
wrench (B).
6. Remove the compact spare tire. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 5-88 for more information
about the compact spare tire.
7. Remove the wing-bolt on the jack, and remove the
jack and wheel wrench.
8. Remove the Velcro® straps holding the bag
containing the wheel wrench. Remove the wheel
wrench from the bag.
9. Fold out the socket portion of the wrench from
the handle.
5-81
Removing the Wheel
You must take off the wheel cover or hubcap to reach
the wheel bolts.
For steel wheels with full plastic covers and aluminum
wheels with large circular center caps, do the following:
1. Loosen all
five hex-shaped
plastic caps by
turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Do
not try to remove
plastic caps from the
cover or center cap.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
1. Use the wheel wrench to loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
2. Pull the cover or center cap away from the wheel
and place it in the trunk.
When reinstalling full plastic covers or center caps,
tighten all five plastic caps hand snug with the aid of the
wheel wrench and tighten them with the wheel wrench
an additional one–quarter of a turn.
2. The jack has a bolt head at the end. Attach the
wheel wrench to the jack bolt head and rotate
the wheel wrench clockwise (to the right). That will
raise the lift head a little.
3. Move the jack over to where the flat tire is.
5-82
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
{CAUTION:
4. Position the lift head at the jack location nearest the
flat tire. Make sure all of the jack lift head is touching
the jacking flange under the body. Do not place the
jack under a body panel. The lower body panel has
an arrow to aid in locating the jacking location.
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
5-83
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so there is enough room for the road tire to
be removed.
7. Remove all of the
wheel nuts.
Notice: Make sure that the jack lift head is in the
correct position or you may damage your vehicle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
5. Put the compact spare tire near you.
8. Take off the tire and wheel.
5-84
9. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If
you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
10. Place the compact spare tire on the wheel-mounting
surface.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
11. Reinstall the wheel nuts. Tighten each nut by hand
until the wheel is held against the hub.
12. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise.
5-85
13. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification. See Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-102 for the wheel nut
torque specification.
14. Lower the jack all the way and remove the jack
from under the vehicle.
15. Tighten the bolts firmly with the wheel wrench.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification. See Capacities
and Specifications on page 5-102 for wheel nut
torque specification.
5-86
Do not try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It will not fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk
until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all these in the proper place.
1. Place the wheel wrench into the bag and use the
Velcro® straps to secure the bag to the jack.
2. Install the jack in the
driver’s side panel of
the rear cargo area and
secure with the
wingbolt.
3. Remove the wheel stow rod from the upper left side
of the floor compartment.
4. Screw the threaded wheel stow rod onto the spare
tire bracket. The final position of the wheel stow rod
must be rotated to the farthest forward position
so that the top of the rod faces forward.
5. Reverse steps 1 through 4 of Removing the Spare
Tire and Tools to replace the floor cargo organizer
and lock in place.
5-87
6. Place the flat, or damaged tire, face down, on the
load floor with the threaded wheel stow rod sticking
up through the center hole of the wheel.
Vehicles equipped with the 3.5L V6 (L66) engine and
aluminum wheels, must remove the center cap from
the wheel prior to placing it on the load floor. To
remove the center cap, tap the cap for the backside
of the wheel, then place the wheel on the load floor.
7. Place wheel retainer bolt onto the wheel stow rod
and tighten.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon
as you can. See the storage instructions label to replace
your compact spare into your cargo area properly.
5-88
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your compact spare tire is correctly inflated. The
compact spare tire is made to perform well at speeds
up to 65 mph (105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles
(5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and have your
full-size tire repaired or replaced where you want.
Of course, it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size
tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer
and be in good shape in case you need it again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, do
not take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get
caught on the rails. That can damage the tire and
wheel, and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare tire on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel
with other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your
compact spare tire and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains will not fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Do not use tire chains on
your compact spare.
Appearance Care
Cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic.
Other cleaning products can burst into flames if a match
is struck near them or if they get on a hot part of the
vehicle. Some are dangerous if their fumes are inhaled
in an enclosed space. When anything from a container
is used to clean the vehicle, be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. Always open
the doors or windows of the vehicle when cleaning
the inside.
Never use these to clean the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use any of these products unless this manual
says you can. In many uses, these will damage
the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Benzene
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Naphtha
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Carbon Tetrachloride
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric
and carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
Gasoline
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
You can get Saturn-approved cleaning products from
your retailer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
on page 5-96.
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others —and they can all damage the vehicle, too.
5-89
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can — before
they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any
loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Do not saturate
the material and do not rub it roughly.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to dry
completely.
5. As soon as you have cleaned the section, use a
sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
5-90
Cleaning Vinyl
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do this more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you do not get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning the Top of the
Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. Saturn Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-96.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could
scratch the glass and/or cause damage to the
rear window defogger and the integrated radio
antenna. When cleaning the glass on your vehicle,
use only a soft cloth and glass cleaner.
5-91
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather frequent application may be required. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-14.
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Do not wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Do not use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
Saturn-approved cleaning products from your retailer.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-96.
Do not use cleaning agents that are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
5-92
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle
by hand may be necessary to remove residue from
the paint finish. You can get Saturn-approved
cleaning products from your retailer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-96.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
5-93
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads do
not form when you rinse it with water.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
5-94
Sheet Metal Damage
Underbody Maintenance
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan,
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may develop into major
repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your Saturn retailer. Larger
areas of finish damage can be corrected in your
Saturn retailer’s body and paint shop.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your Saturn retailer or an underbody car washing
system can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on the vehicle. This damage can
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the
paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Saturn
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
5-95
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
See your Saturn retailer for more information on
purchasing the following products.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
Description
Usage
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches and other light
surface contamination.
Usage
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches and
protects finish.
Tar and Road
Oil Remover
Removes tar, road oil
and asphalt.
Foaming Tire Shine
Low Gloss
Cleans, shines and protects
in one easy step, no wiping
necessary.
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Wash Wax
Concentrate
Medium foaming shampoo.
Cleans and lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl.
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime, smoke
and fingerprints.
Spot Lifter
Quickly and easily removes
spots and stains from
carpets, vinyl and cloth
upholstery.
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime from
chrome wheels and wire
wheel covers.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust, fingerprints,
and surface contaminants,
Spray on wipe off.
See your Saturn parts department for these products.
See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-14.
5-96
Vehicle Identification
Engine Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You will find this label on the rear edge of the driver’s
side rear door. It is very helpful if you ever need to order
parts. On this label, you will find the following:
•
•
•
•
VIN
Model designation
Paint information
Production options and special equipment
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
5-97
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and
the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Power Windows and Other
Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and
closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to add anything electrical to your vehicle, see
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-56.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by fuses. This greatly reduces the chance
of circuit overload and fire caused by electrical
problems.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
There are two fuse blocks — the underhood fuse block,
and the instrument panel fuse block.
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow or ice, the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
If the overload is caused by some electrical problem,
have it fixed.
To identify and check fuses and relays, refer to the
Fuse Usage Chart on the inside surface of the
fuse panel door.
5-98
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse block is located by the
passenger’s left leg.
Fuses
RADIO
BCM/CLSTR
INT LTS
PARK
HZRD
Usage
Radio, Data Link Connector
Body Control Module, Instrument
Cluster
Body Control Module, OnStar®
Park Lamps, Taillamps, Side Marker
Lamps, License Lamps
Hazard Lamps
Fuses
DR LCK
Usage
Door Lock Relay
Power
Door Locks, Power Mirror,
LOCK/MIRROR Entry Control
TURN
Turn Lamps
Body
Control Module, Front Wipers,
BCM
Windows, Sunroof
Radio, Power Mirror, Premium
RADIO IGN
Radio Amplifier
HVAC
HVAC Control Head
Instrument
Cluster, BTSI Solenoid,
IGN 1
Traction Switch, Fog Lamp Switch
BCM (IGN)
Body Control Module
AIRBAG
SDM Module
EPS
Electronic Power Steering
CRUISE
Cruise Control Switch, Brake Switch
HTD SEATS Heated Seats
Relays
HVAC
BLOWER
DR LCK
PASS DR
UNLOCK
DRV DR
UNLCK
Usage
HVAC Control Head
All Door Lock Switch
Passenger Door Unlock Switch
Driver Door Unlock Switch
5-99
Underhood Fuse Block
Fuses
HVAC
BLOWER
ABS
BRAKE
A/C CLUTCH
SUNROOF
RR WIPER
FRT WIPER
IGN/INJ
The underhood fuse block is located in the forward part
of the engine compartment near the battery.
ABS
ABS
BACKUP
Fuses
IGNITION
BATT FEED
COOL 1
COOL
FAN HIGH
COOL
FAN LOW
PWR WDW
5-100
Usage
Ignition switch
I/P Fuse Box
Cooling Fan Module
Cooling Fan High Relay
Cooling Fan Low Relay
Power Window Relay and Sunroof
PWRTRAIN
EMISS
ECM/TCM
Usage
HVAC Blower Motor
ABS Module
Stop Lamps
A/C Clutch Relay, Back Up
Lamps (3.5L V6 (L66))
Sunroof Module
Rear Wiper Relay
Front Wiper Relay
Engine Ignition Module, Fuel
Injectors (2.2L L4 (L61))
ABS Ignition
ABS Battery
Low Coolant Switch, Backup Lamps
(2.2L L4 (L61)), Vehicle Speed
Sensor (Manual), Transmission
Range Switch (2.2L L4 (L61))
Engine Control Module (ECM),
Transmission Control Module (TCM),
Transmission
Canister Purge Solenoid, Canister
Vent Solenoid, Rear Heated O2,
Front Heated O2
Battery Voltage to ECM, TCM, PCM
(3.5L V6 (L66))
Fuses
ECM/CAM
(3.5L V6 (L66))
ETC (2.2L Four
Cylinder (L61))
FUEL PUMP
CIGAR/AUX2
AUX 1 OUTLET
FOG LP
REAR DEFOG
HORN
LH HDLP
RH HDLP
INJECTORS
(3.5L V6 (L66))
PREM AUD
HTD SEATS
Usage
Camshaft Sensor, Main Relay
Voltage To PCM, Ignition Coils 1-6
Engine Control Module (ECM),
Electronic Throttle Control
Fuel Pump Relay
Cigar Lighter
Front Auxiliary Power Outlet
Fog Lamp Relay
Rear Defog Relay
Horn Relay
Left Headlamp
Right Headlamp
Fuel Injection
Premium Radio Amplifier
Heated Seats
Relays
COOL FAN
HIGH
COOL FAN
LOW
A/C CLUTCH
PWR WDW
FRT WIPER
RR WIPER
WIPER
SYSTEM
ENG MAIN
FUEL PUMP
DRL
REAR DEFOG
HORN
FOG LP
Usage
Cooling Fan Motor High
Cooling Fan Motor Low
A/C Clutch
Power Window Switch, Sunroof
Module
Front Wiper System
Rear Wiper System
Wiper System
ECM/CAM, EMISS, INJ, ETC
Fuel Pump System
Daytime Running Lamps
Rear Defog System
Horn
Fog Lamps
5-101
Capacities and Specifications
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
2.2L L4 (L61)
3.5L V6 (L66)
Cooling System
2.2L L4 (L61)
3.5L V6 (L66)
Engine Oil with Filter
2.2L L4 (L61)
3.5L V6 (L66)
Fuel Tank
Capacities
English
Metric
1.5 lbs
1.75 lbs
0.68 kg
0.79 kg
7.4 quarts
9.7 quarts
7.0 L
9.2 L
5.0 quarts
4.5 quarts
16.5 gallons
4.7 L
4.3 L
62.4 L
Transaxle
3.9 L
4.1 quarts
Automatic, All-wheel drive
4.3 L
4.5 quarts
Automatic, Two-wheel drive
1.7 L
1.8 quarts
Manual
6.5 L
6.9 quarts
VTi Variable
Wheel Nut Torque
92 ft lb
125 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
5-102
Engine Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
2.2L L4 (L61)
F
Automatic
Manual
0.045 inches (1.14 mm)
3.5L V6 (L66)
U
Automatic
0.043 inches (1.1 mm)
5-103
✍ NOTES
5-104
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-2
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-9
Owner Checks and Services ..........................6-10
At Each Fuel Fill ..........................................6-10
At Least Once a Month .................................6-11
At Least Once a Year ...................................6-11
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-14
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-16
Engine Drive Belt Routing ..............................6-17
Maintenance Record .....................................6-18
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are
necessary to keep your vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered by
warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at Saturn want to help you keep your vehicle in good
working condition. But we do not know exactly how
you will drive it. You may drive very short distances only
a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances
all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may
use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive
it to work, to do errands or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your Saturn retailer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-49.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• are driven off-road in the recommended manner.
See Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle Off
Paved Roads on page 4-18.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-5.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-9 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle
can be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs,
you can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench® dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
When you go to your Saturn retailer for your service
needs, you will know that Saturn-trained and supported
service technicians will perform the work using
genuine Saturn parts.
If you want to get service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-9.
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-10 tells you
what should be checked, when to check it and what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-14 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-16. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine Saturn parts.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should have your Saturn
retailer do these jobs.
6-3
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE OIL SOON light comes on, it
means that service is required for your vehicle. Have
your vehicle serviced as soon as possible within the
next 600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible that, if you
are driving under the best conditions, the engine
oil life system may not indicate that vehicle service is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil
and filter must be changed at least once a year and
at this time the system must be reset. Your Saturn
retailer has Saturn-trained service technicians who will
perform this work using genuine Saturn parts and
reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed. See
Engine Oil on page 5-15 for information on the Engine
Oil Life System and resetting the system.
6-4
When the CHANGE OIL SOON light appears,
certain services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally,
it is recommended that your first service be
Maintenance I, your second service be Maintenance II
and that you alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases, Maintenance II
may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the CHANGE
OIL SOON light comes on within ten months since
vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II was
performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the light comes on ten months
or more since the last service or if the light has not
come on at all for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-15. An Emission Control Service.
Service
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-21. An Emission Control Service. See footnote †.
•
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 5-62.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid
as needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services”
in this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (k).
•
L4 engine: Inspect throttle system. See footnote (g).
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated
miles (kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage
or leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace engine air cleaner filter. See
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-21.
An Emission Control Service.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
VTi variable transaxle: Add DEX-CVT
additive.
•
•
•
L4 engine: Change VTi variable
transaxle fluid (severe service).
See footnote (h).
•
•
•
L4 engine: Change VTi variable
transaxle fluid (normal service).
V6 engine: Change automatic
transaxle fluid (severe service).
See footnote (h).
6-6
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
V6 engine: Change automatic
transaxle fluid (normal service).
See footnote (m).
•
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
•
V6 engine: Replace timing belt
(normal service). An Emission Control
Service. See footnote †.
•
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
•
V6 engine: Replace timing belt
(severe service). An Emission Control
Service. See footnotes † and (n).
•
•
•
L4 engine: Change rear drive
module and power takeoff unit fluid
(severe service). See footnote (h).
•
•
•
L4 engine: Change rear drive
module and power takeoff unit fluid
(normal service).
V6 engine: Change transfer
assembly fluid (severe service).
See footnote (h).
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6-7
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
V6 engine: Change transfer
assembly fluid (normal service).
See footnote (m).
V6 engine: Change rear drive
module fluid (severe service).
See footnote (h).
•
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
•
•
•
•
V6 engine: Change rear drive
module fluid (normal service).
•
V6 engine: Inspect valve clearance.
•
Engine cooling system service
(or every 5 years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
6-8
150,000
(240 000)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect
disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect drum brake linings for wear or cracks.
Inspect other brake parts, including drums, wheel
cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts or
signs of wear.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if
they are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect
all pipes, fittings and clamps; replace with genuine
Saturn parts as needed. To help ensure proper
operation, a pressure test of the cooling system and
pressure cap and cleaning the outside of the radiator
and air conditioning condenser is recommended at least
once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken airbag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced.
(The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.)
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, door hinges and
latches, hood hinges and latches, glove box hinges,
sunroof (if equipped) and any folding seat hardware.
More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment. Applying silicone
grease on weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make
them last longer, seal better and not stick or squeak.
(g) Check system for interference or binding and
for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as needed.
Replace any components that have high effort or
excessive wear.
6-9
(h) Severe service is when the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
(i) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-28 for what to use. Inspect hoses.
Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and filler neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired and
the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
(k) Or every 12 months, whichever occurs first. If you
drive regularly under dusty conditions, the filter may
require replacement more often.
(m) Change the fluid the first time the vehicle is
serviced after 100,000 miles (166 000 km) and
when the vehicle is serviced after each subsequent
50,000 miles (83 000 km).
(n) Severe service is when the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
− In very high temperatures — over 110°F (43°C).
− In very low temperatures — under -20°F (-29°C).
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your Saturn retailer can assist you with these
checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-14.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-15 for further
details.
6-10
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-28 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Visually inspect your tires and make sure tires are
inflated to the correct pressures. Do not forget to check
your spare tire. See Tires on page 5-62 for further
details. Check to make sure the spare tire is stored
securely. Push, pull and then try to turn the spare tire.
If it moves, tighten it. See Changing a Flat Tire on
page 5-78.
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-23 if
necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. On automatic transaxle vehicles, try to start the
engine in each gear. The starter should work
only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the starter
works in any other position, contact your Saturn
retailer for service.
6-11
On manual transaxle vehicles, put the shift lever in
NEUTRAL, push the clutch pedal down halfway
and try to start the engine. The starter should work
only when the clutch pedal is pushed down all
the way to the floor. If the starter works when the
clutch is not pushed all the way down, contact your
Saturn retailer for service.
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-23 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to RUN, but do
not start the engine. Without applying the regular
brake, try to move the shift lever out of PARK (P)
with normal effort. If the shift lever moves out
of PARK (P), contact your Saturn retailer for service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
6-12
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition to LOCK in each shift lever position.
• With an automatic transaxle, the ignition should turn
to LOCK only when the shift lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in LOCK.
• With a manual transaxle, the key should come out
only in LOCK.
Contact your Saturn retailer if service is required.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Contact your Saturn retailer if service is required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care
to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other
debris can collect.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular
brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
6-13
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
retailer.
Usage
Engine Oil
(2.2L engine)
Engine Oil
(3.5L engine)
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on
page 5-15.
Engine oil which displays the
American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on
page 5-15.
50/50 mixture of clean,
water and use only
Engine Coolant drinkable
DEX-COOL® Coolant. See
Engine Coolant on page 5-28.
6-14
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
®
Washer Solvent
Washer Solvent Optikleen
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No.
12377985, in Canada 88901242) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Hydraulic
Clutch System
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid
(Saturn Part No. 21013073).
Manual
Transaxle
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Automatic
Transaxle
(with 3.5L V6
engine)
ATF Z1 Automatic Transmission
Fluid (Saturn Part No. 22717466).
VTi Variable
Transaxle
DEX-CVT Fluid
(Part No. 22688912).
VTi Variable
Transaxle
Additive
DEX-CVT Fluid Additive
(Part No. 22697447).
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Rear Drive
Module and
VERSATRAK® Fluid
Power Transfer (GM Part No. U.S. 12378514,
Unit (except
in Canada 88901045).
with
3.5L V6 engine)
Usage
Hood, Liftgate
Door and rear
folding seat
Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Sunroof Track
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(Saturn Part No. 21038869 or
GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
®
Rear Drive
VERSATRAK Fluid
Module (with (GM Part No. U.S. 12378514,
3.5L V6 engine) in Canada 88901045).
Transfer Case
(with 3.5L V6
engine)
Synthetic Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378261,
in Canada 10953455).
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and Release
Pawl
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(Saturn Part No. 21038869 or
GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Fluid/Lubricant
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
6-15
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your retailer.
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
2.2L L4 L61
3.5L V6 L66
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Element
Spark Plugs
2.2L L4 L61
3.5L V6 L66
Windshield Wiper Blades
Driver’s Side Length — 23.6 inches (60.0 cm)
Passenger’s Side Length — 18.7 inches
(47.5 cm)
Rear Wiper Blade — 11.0 inches (28.0 cm)
6-16
Saturn Part Number
ACDelco® Part Number
22676970
—
12579143
12582255
—
22665802
—
12569190
12582002
—
22703502
—
8–2241
8–2191
22665009
—
Engine Drive Belt Routing
3.5L V6 (L66) Engine
2.2L Four Cylinder (L61) Engine
6-17
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2. Any additional
information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-10 can be added on the following record pages.
You should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
6-18
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-19
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-20
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance and Information
Customer Assistance and Information ...............7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-4
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users ...............................................7-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ..................................................7-5
Roadside Assistance Program ..........................7-6
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders ..................................................7-7
Reporting Safety Defects ..................................7-8
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ...............................................7-8
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ...............................................7-9
Reporting Safety Defects to Saturn ...................7-9
Service Publications Ordering
Information .................................................7-9
7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your retailer and to Saturn. Together we are committed
to providing our customers with unparalleled service,
before, during and after the purchase of a Saturn
vehicle, for total customer satisfaction. We call this the
Saturn Difference. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your retailer’s sales or service departments.
If, for any reason, your ownership experience falls
below your expectations, we suggest you take
the following action:
STEP ONE: Contact the Retail Customer Assistance
Liaison. Any member of the retail management team has
the authority and the desire to resolve your concerns.
Normally, concerns can be quickly resolved at this level.
STEP TWO: Should you need additional assistance,
contact the Saturn Customer Assistance Center by
calling 1-800-553-6000. In Canada, contact the Saturn
Customer Communication Centre at 1-800-263-1999.
7-2
A Saturn Customer Assistance Center team member
will handle your call and assist in providing product and
warranty information, the nearest retailer location,
roadside assistance, brochures, literature and discuss
any concerns you may have.
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number. This 17-digit number
can be found on the vehicle registration or title, on
the upper driver’s side corner of the dash, or on
your roadside assistance key card.
• The name of your selling and servicing retail facility.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage.
• Your daytime and evening phone numbers.
If you wish to write to the Saturn Customer Assistance
Center, our address is:
Saturn Customer Assistance Center
100 Saturn Parkway
Mail Code 371-999-S24
Spring Hill, TN 37174-1500
In Canada, write to:
Saturn Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Ltd.
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
When contacting Saturn, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a retailer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both Saturn and its retailers are
committed to making sure you are completely satisfied
with your Saturn vehicle. However, if you continue to
remain unsatisfied after following the procedure outlined
in Steps One and Two, Saturn and its retailers offer the
additional assistance of a neutral party through our
voluntary participation in a mediation/arbitration program
called BBB Auto Line. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet,
located in the front cover pocket of your owner’s
handbook, for information on the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out-of-court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
This program is available at no cost to you, our customer.
We ask that you not resort to BBB Auto Line until after
Saturn and its retailers have been given the opportunity
to satisfy your vehicle concerns. However, U.S. residents
may file a claim at any time by contacting your local
Better Business Bureau at 1-800-955-5100.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program by using
the toll-free telephone number or by writing them at the
following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle
age, mileage and other factors. Saturn Corporation
reserves the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
7-3
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. Specific vehicle information can be found in
one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual (United States only).
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members (United States only).
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
7-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist owners who have hearing difficulties, Saturn
has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices
for the Deaf) equipment in its Saturn Customer
Assistance Center.
Any hearing- or speech-impaired customer who
has access to a TDD or to a conventional Text
Telephone (TTY) can communicate with Saturn by
dialing 1-800-TDD-6000. TTY users in Canada may
dial 1-800-263-3830.
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available
to qualified applicants,
can reimburse you up to
$1,000 toward eligible
aftermarket driver or
passenger adaptive
equipment you may
require for your vehicle
(hand controls, wheelchair/
scooter lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers
and mobility equipment installers. The offer is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease.
For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, see your Saturn retailer or call the Saturn
Customer Assistance Center at 1-800-553-6000.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-6000.
In Canada, customers may call the Saturn Customer
Communication Centre at 1-800-263-1999. TTY users
in Canada may call 1-800-263-3830.
7-5
Roadside Assistance Program
• Emergency Tow: Tow to the nearest Saturn
For vehicles purchased in the U.S. call 1-800-553-6000
(TTY: 1-800-833-6000).
retailer for warranty service or in the event of
a vehicle-disabling accident. Assistance provided
when the vehicle is mired in sand, mud, or snow.
For vehicles purchased in Canada call 1-800-268-6800.
• Flat Tire Change: Installation of a spare tire will be
As the proud owner of a new Saturn vehicle, you
are automatically enrolled in the Saturn Roadside
Assistance Program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you drive
in the city or travel the open road. Saturn’s Roadside
Assistance toll-free number is staffed by courteous and
capable Roadside Assistance Representatives who
are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
covered at no charge. (The customer is responsible
for the repair or replacement of the tire if not
covered by a warrantable failure.)
We will provide the following services during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period at no expense
to you:
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel
($5 maximum) for the customer to get to the
nearest service station.
• Lock-out Service (identification required):
Replacement keys or locksmith service will
be covered at no charge if you are unable to gain
entry into your vehicle. Delivery of the replacement
key will be covered within 10 miles (16 km).
7-6
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which require a
battery jump start will be covered at no charge.
• Saturn Retailer Locator Service
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Saturn’s Bumper-to-Bumper warranty. However,
when other services are utilized, our Roadside
Assistance Representatives will explain any payment
obligations you might incur.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following to the Roadside Assistance
Representatives:
• Your name, home address, and home
telephone number
• Telephone number of your location
• Location of the vehicle
• Model, year, color, and license plate number
• Mileage, Vehicle Identification Number and delivery
date of the vehicle
• Description of the problem
While we hope you never have the occasion to use our
service, it is added security while traveling for you
and your family. Remember we are only a phone call
away. Saturn Roadside Assistance: 1-800-553-6000;
text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-6000.
Saturn reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in Saturn’s
judgment, the claims become excessive in frequency
or type of occurrence.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Saturn reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Assistance program at any
time without notification.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Saturn Roadside Assistance program accessible
from anywhere in Canada or the United States.
Please refer to the Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information book.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles,
has a number of sophisticated computer systems that
monitor and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components to
optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for air bag
deployment and, if so equipped, to provide anti-lock
braking and to help the driver control the vehicle
in difficult driving situations. Some information may be
stored during regular operations to facilitate repair
of detected malfunctions; other information is stored only
in a crash or near crash event by computer systems
commonly called event data recorders (EDR).
In a crash or near crash event, computer systems, such
as the Air Bag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM)
in your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated, such
as engine speed, brake applications, throttle position,
vehicle speed, safety belt usage, air bag readiness, air
bag performance data, and the severity of a collision.
This information has been used to improve vehicle
crash performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety.
Unlike the data recorders on many airplanes, these
on-board systems do not record sounds, such as
conversation of vehicle occupants.
7-7
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the SDM is required.
GM will not access information about a crash event or
share it with others other than
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
•
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or SDM.
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar®, please check
the OnStar® subscription service agreement or manual
for information on its operations and data collection.
7-8
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
Saturn Corporation.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your retailer or
Saturn Corporation.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to Saturn
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
U.S. customers can call the Saturn Customer Assistance
Center at 1-800-553-6000, or write:
Saturn Corporation
100 Saturn Parkway
Mail Drop 371-999-S24
Spring Hill, TN 37174-1500
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263–1999.
Or, write to:
Saturn Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
A variety of publications are available to you. Saturn
service manuals are written for trained technicians,
and in some cases, specialized tools and equipment
are necessary to complete certain repairs. However,
the manuals are available to owners who either have
the training, or wish to gain a greater understanding of
the technical aspect of their Saturn.
For additional publications information or to order
publications, call toll free 1-800-2-SATURN or visit
win.wallace.com/saturn to order on-line.
In Canada, Saturn service manuals are available by
calling toll free 1-800-551-4123.
7-9
Owner Publications
Information on how to obtain product bulletins and as
described below is applicable only in the fifty U.S. states
and the District of Columbia, and only for cars and
light trucks with a GVWR less than 10,000 pounds
(4 536 kg). Copies of individual bulletins are also at your
participating Saturn retailer. You can ask to see them.
In Canada, information relating to product service
bulletins can be obtained by contacting your Saturn
retailer.
Service Bulletins
Saturn regularly sends its retailers useful service
bulletins about Saturn products. Saturn monitors product
performance in the field. We then prepare bulletins for
servicing our products better. You can get these
bulletins, too.
7-10
Bulletins cover various subjects. Some pertain to the
proper use and care of your vehicle. Some describe
costly repairs. Others describe inexpensive repairs
which, if done on time with the latest parts, may avoid
future costly repairs.
Some bulletins tell a technician how to repair a new or
unexpected condition. Others describe a quicker
way to fix your vehicle. They can help a technician
service your vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply to conditions affecting a small
number of vehicles. Your Saturn retailer or a qualified
technician may have to determine if a specific
bulletin applies to your vehicle. To order Saturn bulletins,
call Saturn Publications at 1-800-2-SATURN or visit
win.wallace.com/saturn to order on-line.
A
About Driving Your Vehicle .................................... ii
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-20
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature ................ 3-72
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar Equipment ......... 4-54
Adding Windshield Washer Fluid ....................... 5-40
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ............................ 5-98
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade) ............................ 3-45, 3-47, 3-53
After Off-Road Driving ..................................... 4-30
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-21
Air Conditioning .............................................. 3-21
Airbag
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-28
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) ...... 7-7
Airbag Systems .............................................. 1-48
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ................................................... 1-57
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ...................... 1-54
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......... 1-56
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ...................... 1-54
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ........................................ 1-55
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................... 1-53
Where Are the Airbags? ............................... 1-50
All-Wheel Drive ............................................... 5-51
All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) System ......................... 4-12
AM ............................................................... 3-74
AM-FM Radio ................................................. 3-43
Antenna, Fixed Mast ....................................... 3-75
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System .......................................... 3-75
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ............................ 4-8
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-31
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-89
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-92
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-95
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................ 5-89
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-92
Finish Damage ............................................ 5-95
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 5-95
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-95
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................ 5-96
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-92
Approaching a Hill .......................................... 4-22
Audio Output .................................................. 3-64
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3-42
AM-FM Radio ............................................. 3-43
Care of Your CD and DVD Player .................. 3-75
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ........................ 3-75
Fixed Mast Antenna ..................................... 3-75
Radio with CD .................................... 3-45, 3-49
1
Audio System(s) (cont.)
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS) .......................
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................
Understanding Radio Reception .....................
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ............
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation .......... 2-30,
Automatic Headlamp System ............................
Automatic Transaxle ........................................
Fluid ..........................................................
Operation ...................................................
3-43
3-43
3-72
3-74
3-75
2-32
3-18
2-15
5-25
2-18
B
Backing Up .................................................... 4-59
Battery .......................................................... 5-44
Battery Replacement ......................................... 2-6
Battery Run-Down Protection ............................ 3-20
Battery Warning Light ...................................... 3-29
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-37
Before You Drive ............................................ 3-62
Before You Go Off-Roading .............................. 4-18
Brake
Parking ...................................................... 2-23
System Warning Light .................................. 3-30
2
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-41
Brake Wear ................................................... 5-43
Brakes .......................................................... 5-41
Braking ........................................................... 4-7
Braking in Emergencies ................................... 4-10
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-14
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-53
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ........ 5-58
Fog Lamps ................................................. 5-57
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps ............. 5-56
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-53
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 5-52
Headlamps ................................................. 5-53
Replacement Bulbs ...................................... 5-60
Sidemarker Lamps ....................................... 5-57
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ........................................ 5-59
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-72
C
California Fuel .................................................. 5-6
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Canadian Roadside Assistance ........................... 7-7
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-102
Carbon Monoxide ................... 2-10, 2-27, 4-40, 4-55
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................
Your CD and DVD Player .............................
Your CDs and DVDs ....................................
Cargo Lamp ...................................................
CD Messages ........................................ 3-49,
Center Console Storage Area ...........................
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ...........
Chains, Tire ...................................................
Changing a Tire When Trailer Towing ................
Check
Engine Light ...............................................
Checking Coolant ............................................
Checking Engine Oil ........................................
Checking Things Under the Hood ......................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...................................
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ...............................
Infants and Young Children ...........................
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ..........................
Older Children .............................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System ..............................
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position ...................................
5-92
3-75
3-75
3-19
3-61
2-36
5-58
5-76
4-61
3-35
5-30
5-15
5-10
5-95
1-34
1-31
1-40
1-28
1-42
1-42
1-45
Child Restraints (cont.)
Top Strap ...................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................
Where to Put the Restraint ...........................
Cleaning
Inside of Your Vehicle ..................................
Outside of Your Vehicle ................................
Underbody Maintenance ...............................
Weatherstrips ..............................................
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels ..............................
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .......................
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet ....................................
Cleaning Glass Surfaces ..................................
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components .................
Cleaning the DVD Player .................................
Cleaning the Mirror ................................. 2-31,
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel ...........
Cleaning the Video Screen ...............................
Cleaning Tires ................................................
Cleaning Vinyl ................................................
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades ..............
Climate Control System ...................................
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment .................
Clutch, Hydraulic .............................................
Compact Spare Tire ........................................
Compass Calibration ............................... 2-30,
Compass Operation .........................................
Compass Variance .................................. 2-30,
1-37
1-39
1-36
5-89
5-92
5-95
5-92
5-94
5-93
5-89
5-91
5-91
3-71
2-33
5-91
3-71
5-94
5-91
5-94
3-21
3-23
5-28
5-88
2-32
2-32
2-32
3
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-7
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-34
Engine Temperature Warning Light ................. 3-33
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-17
Low Warning Light ....................................... 3-34
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................. 5-31
Cooling System .............................................. 5-34
Cruise Control ........................................ 3-11, 3-14
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................ 7-5
Reporting Safety Defects to Saturn .................. 7-9
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government .............................................. 7-9
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government .................................... 7-8
Roadside Assistance Program ......................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ......... 7-9
D
Daytime Running Lamps .................................. 3-17
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator Light ............. 3-40
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-3
4
Defogging and Defrosting ................................. 3-22
Delayed Locking ............................................... 2-8
Dinghy Towing (All-Wheel Drive and
Front-Wheel Drive with VTi Transaxle) ............ 4-46
Dinghy Towing (Manual or Five-Speed
Automatic Transaxle*) ................................... 4-47
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature ................. 3-74
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-4
Dolly Towing (All-Wheel Drive Vehicles) .............. 4-48
Dolly Towing (Front-Wheel Drive Vehicles) .......... 4-48
Dome Lamp ................................................... 3-19
Door
Delayed Locking ........................................... 2-8
Locks .......................................................... 2-7
Power Door Locks ......................................... 2-8
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............... 2-9
Rear Door Security Locks ............................... 2-9
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-15
Seat Height Adjuster ...................................... 1-3
Six-Way Power Seat ...................................... 1-3
Driver Behavior ................................................ 4-2
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-30
City ........................................................... 4-35
Defensive ..................................................... 4-3
Drunken ....................................................... 4-4
Environment ................................................. 4-2
Driving (cont.)
Freeway .....................................................
Hill and Mountain Roads ..............................
In Rain and on Wet Roads ...........................
Winter ........................................................
Driving Across an Incline ..................................
Driving Downhill ..............................................
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow or Ice ....................
Driving in Water ..............................................
Driving on Grades ...........................................
Driving on Off-Road Hills .................................
Driving on Snow or Ice ....................................
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ...............
Driving Through Flowing Water .........................
Driving Uphill ..................................................
Driving with a Trailer .......................................
DVD
Rear Seat Entertainment System ...................
DVD Display Error Messages ...........................
DVD Distortion ...............................................
DVD Radio ....................................................
DVD Radio Error Messages .............................
4-36
4-38
4-32
4-40
4-26
4-25
4-28
4-29
4-60
4-22
4-40
4-34
4-34
4-23
4-58
3-62
3-71
3-71
3-66
3-71
E
Electric Power Steering ....................................
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ......................................
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...........................
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs ...................................................
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter .........................................
Battery .......................................................
Change Engine Oil Light ...............................
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............
Coolant ......................................................
Coolant Heater ............................................
Coolant Temperature Gage ...........................
Coolant Temperature Warning Light ................
Drive Belt Routing .......................................
Engine Compartment Overview ......................
Exhaust .....................................................
Oil .............................................................
Overheating ................................................
Reduced Power Light ...................................
Starting ......................................................
4-12
5-98
5-98
5-98
5-98
3-37
5-21
5-44
3-39
3-35
5-28
2-17
3-34
3-33
6-17
5-12
2-27
5-15
5-31
3-39
2-15
5
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter Replacement ............... 5-21
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing .................. 4-61
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-19
Entry Lighting ................................................. 3-19
Environmental Concerns .................................. 4-19
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ............................. 7-7
Express-Down Window .................................... 2-12
Extender, Safety Belt ....................................... 1-28
Exterior Lamps ............................................... 3-17
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-21
Finding a Category (CAT) Station ...................... 3-53
Finding a Station ............................ 3-44, 3-46, 3-51
Finish Care .................................................... 5-93
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-95
Five-Speed .................................................... 2-21
Five-Speed Automatic and VTi Variable .............. 2-18
Fixed Mast Antenna ........................................ 3-75
Flash-to-Pass ................................................... 3-8
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-77
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-78
6
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle ..................................... 5-25
Manual Transaxle ........................................ 5-27
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-40
FM Stereo ..................................................... 3-74
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-18
Folding Rear Seat ............................................ 1-8
Folding Seatback, Passenger ............................. 1-8
Following Distance .......................................... 4-59
Fuel ............................................................... 5-5
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-6
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5-10
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-8
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-7
Gage ......................................................... 3-41
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-5
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Low Warning Light ....................................... 3-42
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................... 5-98
Windshield Wiper ......................................... 5-98
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-34
Fuel .......................................................... 3-41
Speedometer .............................................. 3-27
Tachometer ................................................. 3-27
Garment Hooks .............................................. 2-36
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-5
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Gate Ajar Light ............................................... 3-40
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving ................ 4-20
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-36
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities .................................................... 7-5
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Head Restraints ............................................... 1-7
Headlamp
Aiming ....................................................... 5-52
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .................... 3-8
Headlamps ...................................... 3-8, 3-17, 5-53
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-53
Front Turn Signal and Parking Lamps ............. 5-56
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-53
Sidemarker Lamps ....................................... 5-57
Headphones ................................................... 3-63
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-4
Heater ........................................................... 3-21
Height Adjuster, Driver Seat ............................... 1-3
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-38
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-38
Hitches .......................................................... 4-58
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-6
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank ................................................. 5-36
How to Add Fluid ............................................ 5-27
How to Check ........................................ 5-25, 5-69
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter .............................................. 5-22
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-15
Hydraulic Clutch ............................................. 5-28
Hydroplaning .................................................. 4-33
I
If
If
If
If
No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ..........
Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ...............
the Light Is Flashing .....................................
the Light Is On Steady .................................
5-33
5-32
3-36
3-36
7
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard ......................... 4-42
If You Do Decide to Pull a Trailer ...................... 4-56
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-14
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-31
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-69
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-26
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Instrument Panel Brightness ............................. 3-19
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ............................ 5-99
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-19
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-45
K
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-3
Keys ............................................................... 2-2
L
Lamps
Exterior ...................................................... 3-17
Fog Lamps ................................................. 5-57
Interior ....................................................... 3-19
8
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................................... 1-15,
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ...................................
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running ...
Liftgate ..........................................................
Liftgate Lamps ................................................
Light
Airbag Readiness ........................................
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ...................
Battery Warning ..........................................
Brake System Warning .................................
Change Engine Oil ......................................
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator ..................
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning .............
Gate Ajar ...................................................
Low Coolant Warning ...................................
Low Fuel Warning .......................................
Low Traction ...............................................
Malfunction Indicator ....................................
Oil Pressure ...............................................
Reduced Engine Power ................................
Safety Belt Reminder ...................................
Security .....................................................
Service Vehicle Soon ...................................
1-23
1-40
1-42
2-10
2-25
2-10
3-19
3-28
3-31
3-29
3-30
3-39
3-40
3-33
3-40
3-34
3-42
3-33
3-35
3-38
3-39
3-28
3-39
3-40
Light (cont.)
TCS Warning Light ...................................... 3-32
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .......... 3-32
Up-Shift ..................................................... 3-30
Load Floor Storage Box ................................... 2-37
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-49
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving .......... 4-18
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-10
Locks
Delayed Locking ........................................... 2-8
Door ........................................................... 2-7
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-10
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-10
Power Door .................................................. 2-8
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............... 2-9
Rear Door Security Locks ............................... 2-9
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-16
Low Coolant Warning Light .............................. 3-34
Low Fuel Warning Light ................................... 3-42
Low Traction Light .......................................... 3-33
Lumbar
Manual Controls ............................................ 1-4
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ......................................... 6-10
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
At Least Once a Month ................................ 6-11
At Least Once a Year .................................. 6-11
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-9
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-18
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-16
Owner Checks and Services ......................... 6-10
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-14
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Maintenance When Trailer Towing ..................... 4-61
Making Turns ................................................. 4-59
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-35
Manual Lumbar Controls .................................... 1-4
Manual Seats ................................................... 1-2
Manual Transaxle ............................................ 2-15
Fluid .......................................................... 5-27
Operation ................................................... 2-21
Manual Windows ............................................ 2-11
Map Lamps .................................................... 3-20
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle ............... 2-5
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview with Compass
and Temperature Display ........................... 2-31
9
Mirrors (cont.)
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar®,
Compass and Temperature Display ............. 2-29
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................ 2-29
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-34
Outside Manual Mirrors ................................ 2-33
Outside Power Mirrors .................................. 2-34
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-4
N
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-14
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-16
O
Odometer ...................................................... 3-27
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-15
Oil
Change Engine Oil Light ............................... 3-39
Engine ....................................................... 5-15
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-38
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-28
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-4
OnStar® Personal Calling ................................. 2-36
OnStar® Services ............................................ 2-35
OnStar® System ............................................. 2-35
10
OnStar® Virtual Advisor .................................... 2-36
Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle Off
Paved Roads .............................................. 4-18
Operation ...................................................... 3-21
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-23
Outside
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-34
Manual Mirrors ............................................ 2-33
Power Mirrors ............................................. 2-34
Owner Checks and Services ............................. 6-10
Owner Publications ......................................... 7-10
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
P
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................
Shifting Out of ............................................
Parking
Brake ........................................................
Over Things That Burn .................................
Parking on Hills ..............................................
Parking Your Vehicle .......................................
Passenger Compartment Air Filter .....................
Passing ................................................. 4-15,
Passlock® ......................................................
Playing a CD .................................................
Playing the Radio ........................... 3-43, 3-45,
2-24
2-26
2-23
2-27
4-60
2-26
3-23
4-59
2-13
3-47
3-50
Playing the Single CD Player ........................... 3-54
Playing the Six-Disc CD Player ......................... 3-56
Power ............................................................. 1-3
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-20
Door Locks .................................................. 2-8
Electrical System ......................................... 5-98
Reduced Engine Light .................................. 3-39
Windows .................................................... 2-12
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ................................ 1-28
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .................. 2-9
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-14
R
Radio Data System (RDS) ...............................
Radio Personalization ......................................
Radios ..........................................................
AM-FM Radio .............................................
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ..................
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ........................
Radio with CD .................................... 3-45,
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS) .......................
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS) .......................
3-49
3-62
3-42
3-43
3-75
3-75
3-49
3-43
Radios (cont.)
Theft-Deterrent ............................................ 3-72
Understanding Reception .............................. 3-74
RDS Messages .............................................. 3-53
Rear Door Security Locks .................................. 2-9
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ...................... 1-25
Rear Seat Entertainment System ....................... 3-62
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-23
Rear Window Defogger .................................... 3-23
Rear Window Wiper/Washer ............................. 3-10
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
Compass and Temperature Display ................ 2-31
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar®, Compass and
Temperature Display .................................... 2-29
Rearview Mirrors ............................................. 2-29
Reclining Seatbacks .......................................... 1-5
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-14
Recovery Hook ............................................... 4-45
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-46
Reduced Engine Power Light ............................ 3-39
Remote Control .............................................. 3-68
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-4
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire .................................................. 5-82
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-78
Removing the Wheel ....................................... 5-82
3-43
11
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-60
Replacing Brake System Parts .......................... 5-44
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ................................... 7-9
Saturn ......................................................... 7-9
United States Government .............................. 7-8
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-58
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash .......................................... 1-58
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................... 1-58
Replacing Parts ........................................... 1-58
Resynchronization ............................................. 2-6
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-23
Roadside
Assistance Program ....................................... 7-6
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-44
Roof Rack System .......................................... 2-37
Routing, Engine Drive Belt ............................... 6-17
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-28
S
Safety Belt
Pretensioners .............................................. 1-28
Reminder Light ............................................ 3-28
12
Safety Belts
Care of ...................................................... 5-92
Driver Position ............................................ 1-15
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 1-15
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ..... 1-14
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults ......................... 1-25
Rear Seat Passengers ................................. 1-23
Right Front Passenger Position ...................... 1-23
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-28
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-22
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ....................... 1-10
Safety Chains ................................................. 4-58
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scanning the Terrain ....................................... 4-21
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seatback, Folding Passenger ............................. 1-8
Seats
Driver Seat Height Adjuster ............................. 1-3
Head Restraints ............................................ 1-7
Heated Seats ............................................... 1-4
Manual ........................................................ 1-2
Manual Lumbar ............................................. 1-4
Passenger Folding Seatback ........................... 1-8
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-5
Six-Way Power Driver .................................... 1-3
Split Folding Rear Seat .................................. 1-8
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-42
Rear Seat Position ...................................... 1-42
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-45
Security Light ................................................. 3-39
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .............................................. 5-5
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-4
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-35
Publications Ordering Information ..................... 7-9
Vehicle Soon Light ....................................... 3-40
Service Bulletins ............................................. 7-10
Service Engine Soon Light ............................... 3-35
Service Manuals ............................................... 7-9
Setting Preset Stations .................... 3-44, 3-46, 3-51
Setting the Time
Radios with Radio Data Systems (RDS) ......... 3-43
Radios without Radio Data Systems (RDS) ..... 3-43
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble) .......... 3-45, 3-47, 3-52
Sheet Metal Damage ....................................... 5-95
Shift Lock Release .......................................... 2-20
Shift Speeds .................................................. 2-22
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-24
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-26
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................... 1-17
Skidding ........................................................ 4-17
Snow Plow .................................................... 4-54
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips ....................... 4-34
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems ..................... 5-90
Specifications, Capacities ............................... 5-102
Speedometer .................................................. 3-27
Split Folding Rear Seat ..................................... 1-8
Stalling on an Incline ....................................... 4-28
Starting Your Engine ............................... 2-15, 2-16
Steering ........................................................ 4-12
Steering in Emergencies .................................. 4-14
Steering Tips .................................................. 4-13
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ................................. 3-7
Stereo RCA Jacks .......................................... 3-64
Storage
Garment Hooks ........................................... 2-36
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area ........................ 2-36
Glove Box .................................................. 2-36
Load Floor Storage Box ............................... 2-37
Roof Rack System ....................................... 2-37
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ............... 5-87
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ...................... 4-44
Sun Visors ..................................................... 2-12
Sunroof ......................................................... 2-38
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-27
Taillamps
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps .... 5-59
13
TCS Warning Light .......................................... 3-32
Temperature and Compass Display .................... 2-29
Temperature Display ........................................ 2-31
Theft-Deterrent, Radio ..................................... 3-72
Theft-Deterrent System ...................................... 2-4
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-13
Passlock® ................................................... 2-13
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-7
Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................... 5-63
Tire Size ....................................................... 5-65
Tire Terminology and Definitions ........................ 5-66
Tires ............................................................. 5-62
Buying New Tires ........................................ 5-72
Chains ....................................................... 5-76
Changing a Flat Tire .................................... 5-78
Compact Spare Tire ..................................... 5-88
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-77
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 5-69
Inspection and Rotation ................................ 5-70
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................... 5-73
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-74
Wheel Replacement ..................................... 5-75
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................... 5-71
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater .................... 2-17
Top Strap ...................................................... 1-37
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................... 1-39
Torque Lock ................................................... 2-25
14
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires .................. 4-58
Towing
Loading Your Vehicle ................................... 4-49
Recreational Vehicle ..................................... 4-46
Towing a Trailer .......................................... 4-55
Your Vehicle ............................................... 4-46
Towing Your Vehicle From the Rear ................... 4-49
Traction
Control System (TCS) .................................. 4-10
Control System Warning Light ....................... 3-32
Low Light ................................................... 3-33
Trailer Brakes ................................................. 4-58
Trailer Wiring ................................................. 4-62
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-25
Fluid, Manual .............................................. 5-27
Transaxle Operation, Automatic ......................... 2-18
Transaxle Operation, Manual ............................ 2-21
Transfer Case (3.5L Engine) ............................. 5-52
Transfer Case (Power Transfer Unit for
2.2L Engine) ............................................... 5-51
Transmission
Up-Shift Light .............................................. 3-30
Traveling to Remote Areas ............................... 4-20
Turn and Lane-Change Signals .......................... 3-8
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-7
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer .................. 4-59
U
Underhood Fuse Block ................................... 5-100
Understanding Radio Reception ........................ 3-74
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-73
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a
Power Loss ................................................ 3-73
Up-Shift Light ................................................. 3-30
Used Replacement Wheels .............................. 5-76
Using an MP3 CD .......................................... 3-59
Using Cleaner on Fabric .................................. 5-90
V
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-7
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Design ......................................................... 4-2
Loading ...................................................... 4-49
Parking Your ............................................... 2-26
Service Soon Light ...................................... 3-40
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders .................................................... 7-7
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-97
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-97
Vehicle Storage .............................................. 5-45
Vehicles Equipped with VTi Variable
Transmission ...............................................
Vehicles with Manual Door Locks ......................
Vehicles with Power Door Locks .......................
Video Screen .................................................
Visor Vanity Mirrors .........................................
Visors ...........................................................
4-45
2-11
2-11
3-65
2-12
2-12
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-25
Warnings
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................... 5-92
Weight of the Trailer ........................................ 4-56
Weight of the Trailer Tongue ............................. 4-57
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................ 5-16
What to Do with Used Oil ................................ 5-21
What to Use .......................................... 5-29, 5-40
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-74
Replacement ............................................... 5-75
When to Add Engine Oil .................................. 5-16
When to Change Engine Oil (GM Oil Life
System) ..................................................... 5-20
When to Check .............................................. 5-69
15
When to Check and Change ............................
When to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter .....
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill .........................................
Where to Put the Restraint ...............................
Why Safety Belts Work ....................................
Window Lock Out ...........................................
Windows .......................................................
Manual ......................................................
Power ........................................................
Windshield Washer .........................................
Fluid ..........................................................
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ......................................
Fuses ........................................................
16
5-25
5-21
4-61
1-36
1-11
2-12
2-11
2-11
2-12
3-10
5-40
5-60
5-98
Windshield Wiper Lever ..................................... 3-9
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-40
X
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ................ 3-75
XM™ Satellite Radio Service .................... 3-50, 3-74
Y
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ............. 4-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2
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