GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Tn Series Dimensions
T5n
Output Power (W)
T4n
unit : mm
T3n
120V(US) 230V(EU) 120V(US) 230V(EU) 120V(US) 230V(EU)
voltage line
100V line,
1250W / 8ΩΩ
BRIDGE mode:
200V line,
2500W / 16ΩΩ
SN ratio
20Hz-20kHz (DIN AUDIO)
Power
Stand-by
consumption (W) Idle
1/8*1 (2ΩΩ/ Pink noise)
107dB
1600W
106dB
5W
70W
1400W
1900
1400
790
3800
2800
2200
4400
1900
1400
750
3800
2800
2150
4300
26
2200
2050
1150
4400
4100
3100
6200
70.7V line,
380
STEREO mode:
2200
1950
1150
4400
3900
2900
5800
625W / 8ΩΩ
141.4V line,
1250W / 16ΩΩ
105dB
1200W
1/8 = Power consumption at 1/8 maximum output power
All Models
Half Power RL=4Ω, 8Ω
Intermodulation Distortion 60Hz: 7kHz, 4:1, Half Power*2
Frequency response
MAX
RL=8Ω, Po=1W
TYP
20Hz-20kHz
MIN
Channel
Half Power RL=8Ω,1kHz
Att.max input 600Ω shunt
Separation
Damping Factor
RL=8Ω 1kHz
Voltage Gain
Att.max
Maximum Input Voltage
Input Impedance
Controls
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Connectors
Input
Output
DATA PORT
POWER/STANDBY
REMOTE
PROTECTION
TEMP
SIGNAL
MUTE
CLIP/LIMIT
Indicators
Load protection
Amplifier protection
Power supply protection
Cooling
Power requirements
Dimensions(W×H×D)
Weight
Accessory
*1: 1/8 power = 9dB below rated power
*2: Half power= 3dB below rated power
*3: 0dBu = 0.775Vrms
10
0.1%
0.1%
0dB
0dB
-0.5dB
14.5
10
431
480
14.5
88
20Hz-20kHz,
THD+N
446.4
4Ω bridge
Constant
2500
2350
1350
5000
4700
3400
6800
4.4
20mS burst
2500
2200
1350
5000
4400
3400
6800
36
1kHz
THD+N=1%
1kHz
2Ω per channel
4Ω per channel
8Ω per channel
4Ω bridge
8Ω bridge
2Ω per channel
67dB
800
32dB / 26dB
+24dBu*3
20kΩ (balanced) 10kΩ (unbalanced)
POWER switch (push on / push off)
attenuator (31 position) x 2
MODE switch (STEREO / BRIDGE / PARALLEL) x 1
GAIN switch (32dB/26dB) x 1
AMP ID switch (6P DIP) x 1
XLR-3-31 type x 2
Euroblock connector (balanced) x 2
Neutrik® SPEAKON® NL4 x 2, 5-way binding post x 2 pairs
RJ45 ×2
x 1 (Green / Orange)
x 1 (Green)
x 1 (Red)
x 1 (Red) heatsink temp ≥ 85°C
x 2 (Green)
x 2 (Red)
x 2 (Red)
POWER switch on/off mute
DC-fault: Amplifier shuts down automatically.
clip limiting: THD ≥ 0.5%
thermal: Mute the output (heatsink temp ≥ 90°C)
(return automatically.)
VI limiter (RL ≤ 1ΩΩ) : Limit the output
thermal: Amplifier shuts down automatically. (heatsink
temp ≥ 100°C)
Continuously variable-speed fan: x 2
US&CANADA: 120V / 60Hz
EUROPE: 230V / 50Hz
480 x 88 x 456mm (2U)
14.0kg
Handle x 2 (with flat-head screw x 4),
Euroblock connector x 2, Owner's Manual,
Neutrik® and Speakon® are trademarks of Neutrik®.
All trademarks used are properties of their respective owners.
Specifications and appearance are subject to change without notice.
For details please contact:
LPA524
This document is printed on
chlorine-free (ECF) paper with soy ink.
Printed in Japan
The New Standard for Large-scale Live Sound
In the 30 years that have passed since the P2200 power amplifier was introduced in 1976, Yamaha has been dedicated to the development
of power amps that deliver superior sound, power, and reliability. And now, in 2006, Yamaha is proud to announce a new flagship series
that marks this 30th anniversary with unprecedented performance: the Tn Series.
The Tn series amplifiers are ruggedly designed to deliver optimum performance even under tortuous tour conditions, while offering sonic
quality befitting a top-line model with up to 2500 watts power output (T5n, stereo @ 2Ω). The ability to stably drive load impedances as
low as 2 ohms makes the Tn series amplifiers ideal for powering line-array systems on the road. A high-volume fan cooling system and
comprehensive protection circuitry help to maintain high reliability, and power consumption has been reduced by 50% compared to
conventional amplifiers thanks to Yamaha’s high-efficiency EEEngine amplifier technology. Of course the Tn Series includes on-board
networking capability for remote control and monitoring, aptly denoted by the "n" of Tn.
Representing the culmination of 30 years of development and experience, Yamaha new amplifier for Touring with Network capability,
the so called Tn series amplifiers are set to become the standard for a new generation of large-scale live sound systems.
Main Features
Model
Power 2Ω
Power 4Ω
Power 8Ω
T5n
2500W
2350W*
1350W
T4n
2200W
2050W*
1150W
T3n
1900W
1400W
750W
*230V(EU)
• High power for tour applications: T5n = 2500W, T4n = 2200W, T3n = 1900W.*
• Extraordinary midrange and high end detail with solid, commanding bass. Exhaustive vibration-reduction measures have resulted
in unprecedented sound quality.
• Stable 2-ohm drive capability is ideal for line array speaker systems.
• A durable exterior, large cooling fans and fan guards, easily replaceable filters, and other reliability features help to deliver total
dependability even under demanding tour conditions.
• Original Yamaha EEEngine amp drive technology realizes a 50% reduction in power consumption compared to conventional amplifiers.
• Remote amplifier control and monitoring via the Yamaha ACU-16C Amp Control Unit.
• A variety of input terminals, removable handles, and other features for maximum installation and handling versatility.
* Stereo, 2 .
T5n internal
layout.
6
11
12
1
Transformer
5
2
200v Primary tank
capacitors
3
220v Secondary tank
capacitors
8
High-Efficiency Current
Buffer for EEEngine
9
High-Speed Voltage
Buffer for EEEngine
10
CPU
10
2
4
Insulted Gate Bipolar
Transistor
(for switching power supply)
5
6
7
4
(for Status Monitor and Remote)
11
1
9
Class AB High Quality
Amplifier
High Voltage Thin film
Bipolar Transistor
7
(for each Limiter)
12
8
13
(for Fan Control,Protection,
and Status Monitor)
T5n REAR PANEL
Electrical Volume
(Custom manufactured
by Yamaha)
3
Thermo Sensor
VCA
13
High Resolution
1dB Step attenuator
14
High Power
and High Speed Fan
14
: Mono Amp x 2 = Dual Mono Amp structure
Solid Power for Any Application
In touring applications that require the ability to drive large numbers of
speakers, amp drive capability and power become extremely important
criteria. Furthermore, since the entire system has to be set up, taken down,
and transported for every show, the total number of amps required, and their
total weight, has a significant influence on manpower and cost. While the Tn
series power amps are all compact 2U-size units, they deliver remarkably
high power: 2500 watts from the T5n, 2200 watts from the T4n, and 1900
watts from the T3n, stereo into 2 ohms. Tn series amplifiers are capable of
driving line array or other large-scale speaker setups in systems that take up
less space than ever before.
Output Power (W)
2ΩΩ per channel
4ΩΩ per channel
8ΩΩ per channel
4ΩΩ bridge
8ΩΩ bridge
T5n
T4n
T3n
2500
2350
1350
5000
4700
2200
2050
1150
4400
4100
1900
1400
750
3800
2800
230V(EU), 1kHz, THD+N=1%
High Definition, Serious Impact
By applying the full gamut of
technology, experience, and resources
acquired through the development and
production of industry-standard digital
mixing consoles and signal processors,
as well as extensive know-how gained
through years of hall and installation
system design, The Tn series amplifiers
have been refined to unprecedented levels of performance and sound quality.
Transparency across the entire audio spectrum is a basic requirement, but the
Tn amplifiers go beyond the basics with extraordinary midrange presence and
a low end that is huge and authoritative while maintaining maximum
reproduction accuracy. This has been achieved not only through
no-compromise parts selection and circuit design, but also through extensive
vibration-reduction measures that effectively suppress internal vibration that
can have a negative impact on sound quality. The heat sinks, for example, are
solidly screwed to the chassis side panels at numerous points, but with special
insulators that are designed to absorb vibration and chassis resonance that
would otherwise interfere with optimum reproduction. The detailed work
involved goes well beyond the normal definition of manufacturing and
crosses over into the realm of craftsmanship.
Stable 2-ohm Drive Capability
Line array systems offer many benefits for large scale live sound applications,
but because of the many speakers involved they normally need to be driven
by a correspondingly large number of power amplifiers. The 2-ohm drive
capability of the Tn series amplifiers easily drives multiple speakers in line
array systems. And also Tn series is an excellent choice for driving multiple
parallel-connected Yamaha Installation Series speakers as well as multiple
parallel-connected monitor speakers allocated on the stage. In order to
provide stable low-impedance drive capability the Tn amplifiers employ
newly developed thin-film power transistors, and flat-wire power transformer
windings to minimize heat loss. Many other details contribute, but the final
result is totally stable drive capability down to 2 ohms.
capability. There’s also a VHF
protection circuit that will
prevent damage to HF speaker
units if input signals with
frequencies higher than 20 kHz
continue for more than a few
seconds. All in all the Tn series
amplifiers offer failsafe
performance that will keep the
show running night after night
under even the severest conditions.
Ultra-efficient Yamaha EEEngine Amp Drive
Durability to Handle the Most Demanding Tours
Daily setup, take down, and transportation is an
unavoidable part of the touring routine, and the Tn
series amplifiers are built to take it all in their stride. A
durable exterior resists dents and breakage, while dual
high-volume cooling fans maintain stable operation
under a wide range of ambient conditions. Large,
tough fan guards prevent damage during
transportation. Fan speed is automatically varied
according to the current output power to minimize
noise and maximize motor life. Dust filters at the fan
intakes can be easily removed for cleaning. A
comprehensive range of protection circuits is also
provided: DC, muting, thermal protection, and an
advanced output short sensing circuit (PC limiting)
that contributes to reliable low-impedance drive
Original Yamaha EEEngine technology reduces
power consumption by approximately 50% compared
to conventional amplifiers. Power supply quality and
capacity are perennial obstacles in large-scale live
sound systems, but the Tn series amplifiers’ high
power output with dramatically reduced power
consumption goes a long way towards alleviating the problem. Reduced
power consumption simultaneously achieves reduced heat generation,
significantly increasing part life and reliability. Reduced heat generation
further means that smaller, less-obtrusive cooling fans can be used, providing
greater freedom for internal layout. That, in turn, translates into overall design
that emphasizes sound quality rather than simply keeping the amp stable. In
order to achieve stable 2-ohm drive capability the EEEngine circuitry in the
Tn series amplifiers features a newly developed high-efficiency FET current
buffer drive circuit. Only Yamaha can deliver this level of high efficiency and
stability with low-impedance loads.
EEEngine delivers incredible power while preserving sound quality
Combines highly efficient driving function with tremendous power
conservation
Advanced Networking Capability
State of the Art: YAMAHA EEEngine
Keeps up with sharp increases in sound
The rear panels of the Tn series power amplifiers feature
RJ45 connectors that allow connection to a Yamaha
ACU-16C Amp Control Unit for remote status monitoring
and control of parameters such as on/off switching,
muting, and attenuation from a computer. Furthermore,
warnings can be displayed when preset parameter limits
are exceeded, and automatic logging contributes to easy,
efficient troubleshooting. With an NHB32-C Network
Hub/Bridge it also becomes possible to remotely control
multiple units via a CobraNet™ network. In addition to
the ACU-16C’s amp control features, it can also function
as a high-precision 16-channel DA converter, receiving
24-bit digital audio data over a CobraNet™ network.
Evolution with supporting 2-ohm drive
EEEngine’s auxiliary power supply works with the main power
supply to always drive at just the right power current to obtain
maximum output, providing a high following capability even
when there are steep increases in sound. This reduces power
consumption while
Figure 3: Efficiency comparison data
maintaining the special
(power consumption vs. output)
features of a “fast amp.”
4000
EEEngine,
class D
Plus, even when driving the
3500
class AB
fast auxiliary power supply in
class H
3000
this method at ample
2500
Power
consumption
voltage, power provided
2000
from the main power supply
1500
unit is very efficient at
1000
normal times, reducing the
500
average current value and
0
dramatically improving
0
500
1000
Output/ch (w)
power loss.
Amp Monitoring / Group View
AMP CONTROL UNIT
ACU16-C
NETWORK HUB / BRIDGE
NHB32-C
Amp Monitoring / Channel Detail View
Amp Monitoring
The amp control unit featuring Tn series control and monitoring
capabilities plus CobraNet™ compatibilty.
The network hub/bridge for CobraNet™ networking with up to 32-channel
digital audio and control signal reception/transmission capabilities.
System Example
NetworkAmp Manager
NetworkAmp Manager
Monitoring and control of multiple
amplifiers with NetworkAmp Manager
32 AES/EBU inputs
USB port
AES/EBU port
USB port
NETWORK HUB AND BRIDGE
LINK
LOCK
CONDUCT
88
ACU16-C
CobraNet PRIMARY port
NHB32-C
RS-485
port
Switch
CobraNet
Amp Control
Analog Audio
Up to 32 power amps
• The ACU16-C amplifier control unit and a PC
running NetworkAmp Manager can
monitor/control the operating conditions of up
to 32 amplifiers, including power, attenuation,
inputs, outputs, temperature and load
impedance.
• A PC running NetworkAmp Manager can be
connected not only to an ACU16-C via a USB
port, but also to an NHB32-C network
hub/bridge on the CobraNet™ network. This
versatility gives you full remote amp control
capability — for dramatically improved
operating efficiency.
• Using CobraNet™, the ACU16-C's D/A
conversion function can convert up to 16
channels of digital audio signals to high-quality
analog audio signals.
• One CobraNet™ network can be used to
connect up to 8 NHB32-C units and 16 ACU16-C
units — giving you the freedom to configure
large-scale audio networks.
EEEngine overcomes the problem existed in the conventional
power amplifier system while providing advantages in all areas,
offering a dramatic leap in power amplifier design. It realizes
efficiency that matches Class D without compromising the sound
quality of a Class AB amplifier. Furthermore, EEEngine solves all of
the problems of weight, size, and heat generation that users of
large-output power amplifiers often encounter. Additionally new
Tn series amplifiers has the evolution comparing to the PC-1N
series by having stable 2-ohm drive capability thank to the new
developed high efficiency electrical current buffer FET drive circuit.
EEEngine tracks the audio signal to always provide the minimum
power needed for the final output stage, allowing for surprising
improvement in efficiency. It utilizes Class D operation to provide
the power at the final output stage of Class AB operation. Almost
all of the current energy is outputted as the audio signal, and just
a small fraction of the remaining energy is emitted as heat
dissipation through the heat sink.
With the final output stage operating at Class AB, the output
signal is of remarkably high sound quality. The signal remains
analog from input to output, without being converted to a PWM
signal. There is none of the deterioration of frequency response
and damping factor found with Class D systems. Plus, EEEngine is
designed to operate perfectly
Figure 1: EEEngine operational waveform
while keeping the power
Heat
amplifier heat generation to a
dissipation
minimum, regardless of the load
Voltage
+
requirements. All together, you
get Class AB sound quality with
efficiency that matches Class D.
Figure 2: EEEngine technology block diagram
Superior Handling through Extensive Experience In the Field
The Tn series power amplifiers represent the culmination of over 30 years of know-how
acquired through amp development and manufacture as well as feedback from professionals
in the field. Details can make a huge difference in real-world handling … such as detachable
front-panel handles to meet the needs of various situations. Also, Euroblock connectors are
provided in addition to XLR connectors for full compatibility with installation wiring. The
Euroblocks can also be used as link out connectors for flexible integration with the widest
possible range of system needs.
• A main power supply line that supplies driving power to the speaker
• A high-efficiency current buffer combing a switching element that switches the main
power supply line on and off with a leveling circuit
• A control circuit that varies the on/off switching frequency according to the
input signal level
• An auxiliary power line that supplies power independent of the
main power supply in quick response to the input signal
level
• A high-speed voltage buffer and current detector that
adjust and control the auxiliary power supply level
This arrangement ensures efficient and highly accurate
power amplification even when input signal amplitude
rises steeply
Improved parts life and reliability
In addition to its tremendous improvements in efficiency and
preservation of great sound quality, EEEngine plays yet another
important role. It is often
Figure 4: Efficiency comparison data
said that a power amplifier’s
(heat generation level vs. output)
parts will last twice as long if
2000
EEEngine,
class D
1800
the internal temperature is
class AB
1600
reduced by 10 degrees
class H
1400
Celsius. EEEngine’s heat
1200
generation during usage is
Heat (w)
1000
35% less than previous
800
systems, contributing greatly
600
to improvements in
400
durability and reliability.
200
0
0
500
1000
Output/ch (w)
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