Drolet | Classic With Blower | Owner`s manual | Drolet Classic With Blower Owner`s manual

OWNER’S MANUAL
CLASSIC EPA WOOD STOVE
US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY PHASE II CERTIFIED WOOD
STOVE
Verified and tested following
ULC S627 and UL 1482 Standards
by:
Manufactured by : STOVE BUILDER INTERNATIONAL INC.
1700, Léon-Harmel, Québec (Québec) G1N 4R9
Tel : (418 ) 527-3060
Fax : (418 ) 527-4311
www.drolet.ca
READ AND KEEP THIS MANUAL FOR REFERENCE
45145A
INTRODUCTION
Stove Builder International, one of the most important wood stove and fireplace manufacturers in North
America, congratulates you on your purchase and wishes to help you get maximum satisfaction from your
wood stove. In the pages that follow, we will give you advice on wood heating and controlled combustion as
well as technical specifications regarding installation, operation and maintenance of the model you have
chosen.
The instructions pertaining to the installation of your wood stove in North America comply with ULC-S627
and UL-1482 standards.
Read this entire manual before you install and use your new stove. If this stove is not properly
installed, a house fire may result. To reduce the risk of fire, follow the installation instructions. Failure
to follow instructions may result in property damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Consult your municipal building department or fire officials about restrictions and installation
requirements in your area and the need to obtain a permit.
KEEP THIS INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
CAUTIONS:
• HOT WHILE IN OPERATION.
BURNS.
KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE AWAY. CONTACT MAY CAUSE SKIN
•
DO NOT USE CHEMICALS OR FLUIDS TO IGNITE THE FIRE.
•
DO NOT LEAVE THE STOVE UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY OPENED DURING IGNITION.
•
DO NOT BURN WASTE, FLAMMABLE FLUID SUCH AS GASOLINE, NAPHTHA, OR MOTOR OIL.
•
DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
•
ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR AFTER IGNITION.
REGISTER YOU WARRANTY ONLINE
To receive full warranty coverage, you will
need to show evidence of the date you
purchased your stove. Keep your sales
invoice. We also recommend that you register
your warranty online at
www.drolet.ca
Registering your warranty online will help us
track rapidly the information we need on your
stove.
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................................... 3
TIPS ON WOOD HEATING .................................................................................................................................... 4
SECTION 1.0 - INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................ 5
1.1
GENERAL INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................................... 5
1.2
POSITIONING THE STOVE ...................................................................................................................... 5
1.3
CLEARANCES ............................................................................................................................................. 5
1.3.1
Reduced clearances using shielding ................................................................................................... 7
1.4
FLOOR PROTECTOR............................................................................................................................... 11
SECTION 2.0 CHIMNEY (FLUE SYSTEM) ....................................................................................................... 12
2.1
DEFINITIONS............................................................................................................................................. 12
2.2
CHIMNEY ................................................................................................................................................... 12
2.2.1
Step by step installation of your factory-built chimney ................................................................... 14
2.2.2
Typical installation through an existing masonry chimney .............................................................. 22
2.3
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR ........................................................................................................................ 25
2.4
DRAFT ......................................................................................................................................................... 27
2.5
OUTSIDE COMBUSTION AIR ................................................................................................................ 27
2.6
THE ADVANTAGE OF INSTALLING A BLOWER (FAN) ................................................................. 28
SECTION 3.0
OPERATION ................................................................................................................ 29
3.1
SAFETY INFORMATION......................................................................................................................... 29
3.2
FUEL ............................................................................................................................................................ 31
3.2.1
The use of manufactured logs .......................................................................................................... 32
3.2.2
Simple wood moisture test ............................................................................................................... 32
3.3
NOTES ABOUT FIRST FIRING .............................................................................................................. 32
3.4
LIGHTING A FIRE .................................................................................................................................... 32
3.5
MAINTAINING THE FIRE ...................................................................................................................... 33
3.6
FAN (BLOWER) OPERATION ................................................................................................................ 34
SECTION 4.0
MAINTENANCE .......................................................................................................... 35
4.1
CLEANING AND PAINTING YOUR STOVE ........................................................................................ 35
4.2
GLASS .......................................................................................................................................................... 35
4.3
GASKETING ............................................................................................................................................... 35
4.4
ASH REMOVAL USING THE ASH DRAWER ...................................................................................... 36
4.5
CHIMNEY (FLUE) CLEANING............................................................................................................... 37
DROLET LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY ................................................................................................... 38
2
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Recommended Surface
Heating Capacity* :
E.P.A :
Real :
900 to 1 800 ft2
45 000 BTU/h
70 000 BTU/h
77%
Optimum efficiency :
Average emissions (EPA):
Paint finish :
Flue outlet (spigot) diameter :
Maximum Log Length :
Overall dimensions (W x D x H):
Firebox dimensions (W x D):
Firebox volume:
Door opening (W x H) :
Weight:
OPTIONS
Blower kit
6.4 g/hr.
Metallic black
6” (152 mm)
19’’ (483 mm)
25 ¼’’ x 26’’ x 30 ½’’
(642 mm x 661 mm x 775 mm)
21’’ x 16 ½’’
(532 mm x 420 mm)
2.22 cubic feet
(0,062 m3)
17 ½’’ x 9’’
445 mm x 229 mm
374 lbs (171 kg)
PART NUMBER
AC03095
*Why is the BTU indicated on the EPA label smaller than the one advertised?
You will notice a difference between the BTU output as indicated on the unit’s white EPA label affixed to the glass and the BTU as
advertised on our web site and/or product literature. The maximum BTU output we advertise for this unit is what will be obtained
with a full load of seasoned cordwood inserted inside the firebox. The EPA output, on the other hand, is what has been obtained
during emissions testing. The EPA test procedure requires that a special type of wood be used and positioned inside the firebox in
a manner that does not represent the way the firebox volume would normally be utilized using seasoned cordwood. The EPA test
load is typically much smaller. Hence, the BTU as per the EPA label is reduced. The BTU output that should be considered by a
normal user is the one we advertise for seasoned cordwood.
3
TIPS ON WOOD HEATING
Wood is a renewable energy. It is also a very clean heat source when used with appliances
that are certified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a standard accepted in
Canada as well.
EPA-certified wood stoves are different than conventional wood stoves. Burning with an EPAcertified wood stove may therefore require that you modify some of your heating habits. To get the
most satisfaction out of your new wood-heating system, please make sure you go through the
following check list.
9 The chimney is the engine that drives the wood-heating system. Use a chimney that is ULlisted, with an inner diameter to match the stove’s outlet collar (6” for all Drolet wood stoves);
9 Try to run the chimney inside the building for as much length as you can. A tall and warm
chimney will produce a good draft;
9 Try to install your chimney straight up and avoid 90 degree turns in the flue pipe and
offsets in the chimney;
9 Make sure that the chimney is tall enough and its top is clear of obstacles so it can
produce a stable draft;
9 Use a chimney thermometer installed at a distance of approximately 18 inches on the
flue pipe above the stove. Flue gases should reach at least 350oF before you close the
stove’s primary air intake completely. Operate your unit within the comfort zone indicated
on the thermometer;
9 To reduce the risk of smoke spillage into the room upon reloading your stove, leave the
primary air intake completely open for a few minutes. This will heat up the chimney and
build up draft before you open the stove door;
9 Maximize hot air circulation! Our wood stoves are designed to easily receive a variable
speed blower that will improve heat distribution in front of the stove;
9 Remember that wood stoves produce radiant heat. Since heat rises, the use of floor traps
will greatly improve the heat transfer to rooms upstairs;
9 Use a mobile home approved stove if you are going to install your wood-heating system
in a mobile home. A fresh air kit must be connected to the stove. Never install your wood
stove in a bedroom;
9 Burn only dry cordwood;
9 Make sure you have a good bed of red coals before you load your stove with logs
exceeding 3 inches in diameter;
9 Read and keep you owner’s manual. It will provide you with tips on how to run a
successful wood-heating system.
4
SECTION 1.0 - INSTALLATION
When installed and operated as described in these instructions, the Classic EPA wood stove is suitable for
use as a freestanding wood stove in residential installations. The Classic EPA wood stove is not intended for
installation in a bedroom or a mobile home.
In Canada, the CSA B365 Installation Code for Solid Fuel Burning Appliances and Equipment and the CSA
C22.1 Canadian National Electrical Code are to be followed in the absence of local code requirements. In the
USA, the ANSI NFPA 70 National Electrical Code and NFPA 211 Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents
and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances are to be followed in the absence of local code requirements.
In addition to the national installation and/or local building codes, fire officials (or other authorities having
jurisdiction) should be contacted to determine what restrictions and installation requirements might apply
locally.
1.1
GENERAL INSTALLATION
CAUTION:
• MIXING OF APPLIANCE OR FLUE SYSTEM COMPONENTS FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES OR MODIFYING THE DIMENSIONAL
SPECIFICATION OF COMPONENTS MAY RESULT IN HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS. WHERE SUCH ACTION IS CONSIDERED,
THE MANUFACTURER SHOULD BE CONSULTED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE.
• DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM.
• CRACKED AND BROKEN COMPONENTS, e.g. GLASS PANELS OR CERAMIC TILES, MAY RENDER THIS INSTALLATION
UNSAFE.
• A SOURCE OF FRESH AIR INTO THE ROOM OR SPACE HEATED SHALL BE PROVIDED WHEN REQUIRED.
• CONNECT THE STOVE ONLY TO A LINED MASONRY CHIMNEY CONFORMING TO NATIONAL AND LOCAL BUILDING
CODES FOR USE WITH SOLID FUEL, OR TO A LISTED FACTORY BUILT CHIMNEY SUITABLE FOR USE WITH SOLID FUEL.
1.2
POSITIONING THE STOVE
It is very important to position the wood stove in an area that will favour the most efficient heat distribution
throughout the house. The stove should therefore be installed in the room where the most time is spent, and
in the most spacious room possible. Recall that wood stoves produce radiating heat, the heat we feel when we
are close to a wood stove. A wood stove also functions by convection, that is through the displacement of hot
air accelerated upwards and its replacement with cooler air at the floor level. The stove’s convection effect is
facilitated by the installation of a blower.
1.3
CLEARANCES
5
Clearances to any combustibles when measured directly from the floor protector to the ceiling must be a
minimum of 84" (2134 mm). Clearances to any combustibles when measured directly from the front of the
stove must be a minimum of 48" (1219 mm). The stove must also be placed so as to maintain the minimum
clearances to combustible walls specified for each type of connector used. See Table 1.3 below for all
clearance measures. Refer to Figure 1.3 for a diagram of each of the measures A through C.
Unit:
To sidewall (A)
To back wall (B)
To corner
(C)
Single walled connector
Listed double walled
connector
18" (406 mm)
18" (406 mm)
12" (305 mm)
18" (406 mm)
18" (406 mm)
12" (305 mm)
TABLE 1.3 Clearances to combustible materials
FIGURE 1.3 Clearances to combustible materials
6
1.3.1 Reduced clearances using shielding
You may decrease the clearances by installing heat radiation shields between the walls or the
ceiling and the stove. These heat radiation shields must be installed permanently, and can include
sheet metal, a rigid non-combustible sheet or a masonry wall.
Clearances of not less than 1" (25 mm) and not more than 3" (76 mm) between the bottom of the
shield and the floor and not less than 3" (76 mm) between the top of the shield and the ceiling must
be respected to allow vertical air circulation behind the shield. The shield must extend 20" (500 mm)
above the stove top and 18" (450mm) to each side of the stove (see Graphic 1).
Following the installation of such a heat radiation shield, the clearances mentioned on the stove
certification plate may be reduced as stated in the following table.
TYPE OF PROTECTION
Reducing Clearances With
Shielding
Sides and
Rear/Back
Top
Sheet metal, a minimum of 0,024" (0,61mm) spaced out
at least 1" (25mm) by non-combustible spacers (see
graphic 2).
67%
50%
Ceramic tiles, or an equivalent non-combustible material
on fire-proof supports spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by
non-combustible spacers (see graphic 3).
50%
33%
Ceramic tiles, or an equivalent non-combustible material
on fire-proof supports with a minimum of 0,024" (0,61
mm) sheet metal backing spaced out at least 1" (25 mm)
by non-combustible spacers (see graphic 4)
67%
50%
Brick spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by non-combustible
spacers (see graphic 5)
50%
N/A
67%
N/A
Brick with a minimum of 0,024" (0,61 mm) sheet metal
backing spaced out at least 1" (25 mm) by noncombustible spacers (see graphic 6).
7
Graphic 1
A- Clearance to combustible material with no protection.
B- 500 mm (20 po.) minimum;
C- 25 mm (1 po.) minimum;
D- Between 25 mm (1 po.) and 75 mm (3 po.) ;
E- 75 mm (3 po.) minimum;
F- 450 mm (18 po.) minimum.
1- Wall shielding ;
2- Non-combustible spacers ;
3- Ceiling shielding ;
4- Combustible wall ;
5- Ceiling;
6- Heater (side view) ;
7- Heater (top view).
8
Graphic 2
A- 25 mm (1 po.) minimum;
1- Combustible wall ;
2- Non-combustible spacer;
3- 0.61 mm (0.024") sheet metal.
Graphic 3
A- 25 mm (1 po.) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacer;
3- Fire-proof support;
4- Ceramic tile or equivalent non-combustible material.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Graphic 4
A- 25 mm (1 po.) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacer;
3- 0.61 mm (0.024") sheet metal;
4- Fire-proof support;
5- Ceramic tile or equivalent non-combustible material.
9
Graphic 5
A- 25 mm (1 po.) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacer;
3- Brick.
Graphic 6
A- 25 mm (1 po.) minimum;
1- Combustible wall;
2- Non-combustible spacer;
3- 0.61 mm (0.024") sheet metal;
4- Brick.
10
1.4
FLOOR PROTECTOR
If the stove is to be installed on top of a combustible floor, it must be guarded by a non-combustible material
extending at least 18” (300mm) from the front and 8” (200mm) from the sides and the back of the firebox., as
shown in Figure 1.4 below.
Please refer to local building codes for suitable floor protection materials.
FRONT
SIDES
BACK
18” (300 mm)
8” (200 mm)
8” (200 mm)
FIGURE 1.4 Floor protector
CAUTION:
DO NOT INSTALL IN A BEDROOM.
11
SECTION 2.0 CHIMNEY (FLUE SYSTEM)
2.1
DEFINITIONS
For clarity, the following definitions should be used with respect to these instructions:
•
A chimney system consists of a connector off the top of the stove, and a chimney, which attaches to
the connector and terminates outside the house.
•
A chimney can be a masonry chimney (of masonry construction with an inside liner), or a factory
built chimney.
•
A factory built chimney can be a double walled chimney (two concentric pipes with insulation sometimes referred to as an insulated solid pack) or an air cooled chimney (three concentric pipes,
with insulation between the first and second pipes, and air between the second and third pipes).
•
A single walled connector is a single pipe.
•
A double walled connector has two concentric pipes, no insulation, and is an air cooled connector.
2.2
CHIMNEY
CAUTION:
•
DO NOT fill any framed space around the factory-built chimney with insulation or any other material.
Insulation placed in this area could cause adjacent combustibles to overheat.
•
Do not use makeshift compromises during installation as they may be safety hazards, and a fire could
result.
•
Do not connect this unit to a chimney system serving another appliance.
•
Do not cut rafters or ceiling joists without first consulting a building official to ensure structural
integrity is not compromised.
Your wood stove may be hooked up with a factory built or masonry chimney. If you are using a factory built
chimney, it must comply with UL103 (USA) or ULCS629 (Canada) standards. It must therefore be a 6”
(152mm) HT Type (2100°F) chimney. It is extremely important that it be installed according to the
manufacturer's specifications. The manufacturers’ installation instructions and specified clearances should
always be followed in accordance with local and national installation codes. In Canada the CSA B365 and the
CSA C22.1 installation codes are to be followed. In the USA the ANSI NFPA 70 and ANSI NFPA 211
installation codes are to be followed.
12
If you are using a masonry chimney, it is important that it be built in compliance with the specifications of the
Building Code. It must be lined with fire clay bricks, or clay tiles, sealed together with fire cement, or have a
listed solid fuel burning stainless steel liner. Round chimneys are the most efficient.
The interior diameter of the chimney should be identical to the stove's smoke exhaust. A chimney which is
too small may cause draft problems, since it may not have the required volume to properly evacuate the
quantity of smoke resulting from the combustion. A chimney whish is too large may also cause draft
problems. In fact, a large chimney will be harder to warm-up and may not reach high enough temperatures to
create a proper draft effect. Note that it is the chimney which creates the draft effect, not your stove.
Your stove's performance is therefore directly dependent on an adequate draft from your chimney.
The following recommendations may be useful for the installation of your chimney:
•
Do not connect your stove to a chimney serving another appliance.
•
The chimney must rise above the roof at least 3' (0.9 mm) from the uppermost point of contact. See
Figure 2.2.
•
The chimney must exceed any part of the building or other obstruction within a 10' (3.04 m) distance
by a height of at least 2' (0.6 m). See Figure 2.2.
•
The minimum overall height of the chimney system, measured from the stove top to the exterior
termination cap of the chimney should be at least 12' (3.66m). A chimney which is too short may lack
the “tunnel effect” required to obtain a proper draft.
•
Installation of an interior chimney is always preferable to an exterior chimney. Chimneys constructed
outside of the home on an exterior wall should be avoided if possible, especially in colder climates.
The gas which circulates into an interior chimney will cool more slowly, thus reducing the build-up
of creosote and the risk of flue fires.
•
All else being equal, cooler chimneys will have less draft than hotter ones. This problem will be
amplified if the chimney is excessively long. A chimney which is excessively long may be very hard
to warm-up due to its higher volume. A cool chimney may even down draft (reverse flow) due to the
difficulty in heating it up to operating temperature while trying to evacuate the stack gases.
•
If an exterior chimney is used, the best results will be obtained by using a connector vertically off the
unit to the highest possible point before elbowing off horizontally to the exterior chimney. For
efficiency and safety reasons the stove must not be installed with an insulated chimney connected
directly to the appliance.
• Using a fire screen at the extremity of the chimney requires regular inspection in order to insure that it
is not obstructed, thus blocking the draft. It should be cleaned when necessary.
13
FIGURE 2.2 Minimum Height of the Chimney
2.2.1 Step by step installation of your factory-built chimney
The way to install your chimney may vary from one chimney manufacturer to another. The instructions
contained in this manual are based on the recommendations of chimney manufacturers whose
products are sold at many North American retailers of wood stoves and related heating accessories.
Wall support system
If your chimney must rise along an outside wall, you need to connect it to your stove through an
adjacent wall. For this type of installation, the following items are normally required :
Chimney
• Suitable lengths of chimney (enough to go up to your roof)
• An adjustable wall support
• A wall thimble
• An adequate number of wall bands (one for every 8 feet of chimney, excluding the roof portion)
• A stove pipe adapter
• One insulated tee & plug
• A roof flashing kit (if necessary)
• A chimney cap.
• Roof guys (if required)
Stove pipe
• An adequate number of stove pipe sections.
• A 90o elbow
Typical installation through the wall
14
FIGURE 2.2.1 (A) Typical installation through the wall
1- Start by positioning your stove where you would like it to go, taking into account the minimum
clearances to combustible material. You will then be able to determine where the chimney will
pass through the wall. You will probably have to adjust the stove position slightly to ensure
that your chimney will run between the studs. You can use a stud finder to locate the studs.
Use a spoke saw or jig saw to cut a hole, remembering that you need to maintain a clearance
of 2 inches between the chimney and any combustible materials. For concrete walls, cut a
hole slightly larger than the outer diameter of the chimney.
15
2- Once the opening completed, you need to frame in the area to allow for the installation of a
wall thimble. A wall thimble is not required for installations through concrete walls.
3- You must first secure the wall thimble into the exterior wall surface. Then, do the same inside
and fasten the trim plate.
4- Then, from outside the building, slide a short chimney length (attached to the tee) through the
wall thimble. The chimney must extend at least 3 inches into the living space where it attaches
to the stove pipe.
16
5- You can now install the wall support. Simply slide the wall support up to the tee, ensuring that
the adapter on the support engages with the female coupler on the bottom of the tee. When
the wall support is level and properly positioned, you can use lag bolts to secure it into the wall
studs. TO complete the installation, install an insulated tee plug below the wall support.
6- You can start to add chimney sections. We recommend that you also use locking bands to
secure all connections. You will need to secure the chimney to the house using wall bands.
Wall bands wrap around the chimney and then attach to the wall. Install the first one 3 feet
above the wall support. Then, you will need another band for each 8 feet of chimney. Note: if
your chimney must be installed through your soffit, install a roof flashing above and
finishing plate below where the roof is cut. Consult the following section called
“CEILING SUPPORT SYSTEM” for more details.
7- Authorities require that the chimney extend not less than 3 feet above the highest point where
it passes through the roof of a building and not less than 2 feet above any portion of the
building within 10 feet. If the chimney extends more than 5 feet above the roof deck, roof guys
with telescoping legs and draw bands are required.
17
8- Finally, twist on your rain cap and you can head back inside.
9- You are now ready to connect your chimney to your stove. Simply install the inter-connecting
stove pipe between the stove pipe adapter and the stove. You can follow the instructions in the
following section (section 2.3) of this manual called « CHIMNEY CONNECTOR».
Ceiling support system
If your chimney must rise inside the house and go through the ceiling, you need to connect it to
your stove at the ceiling level. For this type of installation, the following items are normally
required :
Chimney
• An adequate number of chimney sections (enough to go up to your roof)
• A ceiling support kit with stove pipe adapter
• An attic insulation shield
• A roof flashing kit
• A chimney cap
• Roof guys (if necessary)
Stove pipe
• Suitable lengths of stove pipe
18
Typical installation through the ceiling
FIGURE 2.2.1 (B) Typical Installation Through the Ceiling
1- Place your stove where you would like it located and use a plumb line to mark the ceiling
directly above your stove flue. You will probably have to adjust this position slightly to ensure
that your chimney will run between the joists. You can use a stud finder to locate the joists. You
also need to take into account the minimum clearances to combustible materials. After you
have determined where the chimney will go through the ceiling, use a spoke saw or power jig
saw to cut a hole, remembering that you need a minimum 2-inch clearance between the
chimney and any combustible materials. Depending on whether you have a one or two story
structure, you will need to cut a matching hole through the floor of the attic or second floor
living space.
19
2- Before you install the ceiling support, you need to frame the area.
3- To install the ceiling support, just slide the assembly into the framed opening from below.
Once you ensure that the finishing plate is flush with the underside of the ceiling and assembly
is level, secure it with screws.
4- Once the support is secure, you can begin to assemble the chimney by lowering the first
section into the support. Make sure that the male coupler is pointing upwards, as indicated by
the arrow on the chimney label.
5- Then, from beneath the support, insert the stove pipe adapter and twist-lock it into place.
20
6- Now, you can add additional chimney sections. Continue adding chimney lengths until a height
of about 2 feet below the next ceiling level. An attic insulation shield must be installed where a
chimney passes from a lower living space into an upper living space or attic space. It is
designed to keep insulation materials away from the chimney. A second attic insulation shield
must be installed if your chimney passes from a lower living space into an upper living space.
As wee, you must enclose all sections of the chimney where is passes through a living space.
Elbows (15o or 30o) are used when you need to offset your chimney to clear an obstruction or
to avoid having to cut joists.
7- Once you have cut through your roof and framed the joists, it is time to work outdoors.
Authorities require that the chimney extend not less than 3 feet above the highest point where
it passes through the roof of a building and not less that 2 feet above any portion of the building
within 10 feet. You will need to install a roof flashing. The roof flashing slides over your
chimney pipe and goes under your shingles. Once you have done that, check that everything
is plumb, and nail the flashing into the roof deck. Seal the joint between the shingles and the
plate with silicone.
8- Next, slide the storm collar down the chimney until it contacts the flashing. Tighten the nut and
bolt and seal the collar to the chimney with a waterproof, non-combustible silicone sealant.
Finally, twist on your rain cap and you can head back inside. If the chimney extends more than
5 feet above the roof deck, roof guys with telescoping legs and draw bands are required.
21
9- You are now ready to connect your chimney to your stove. Simply install the inter-connecting
stove pipe between the stove pipe adapter and the stove. You can follow the instructions in the
following section (section 2.3) of this manual called « CHIMNEY CONNECTOR».
2.2.2 Typical installation through an existing masonry chimney
You can also install your stove using your existing masonry chimney. To do so, follow the guidelines below.
You may want to use a factory-built thimble, on construct your own brick thimble. If you are using a masonry
chimney, it is important that it be built in compliance with the specifications of the Building Code in your
region. It must normally be lined with fire clay bricks, metal or clay tiles sealed together with fire cement.
(Round flues are the most efficient).
FIGURE 2.2.2 (A) Typical Installation Through an Existing Masonry Chimney
22
FIGURE 2.2.2 (B) Factory Built Thimble
23
FIGURE 2.2.2 (C) Brick Thimble
24
2.3
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
Your chimney connector (commonly called stove pipe) and chimney must have the same diameter as the
stove’s exhaust outlet. The stove pipe must be made of aluminized or cold roll steel with a minimum 24gauge thickness (0.021" or 0.53 mm). It is strictly forbidden to use galvanized steel.
The following recommendations may be useful for the installation of your chimney connector:
•
Your chimney connector should be assembled in such a way that the male end (crimped) faces down
to prevent creosote dripping outside the joints. Attach each of the sections to one another with three
equidistant metal screws. Also use three equidistant metal screws to attach the connector to the
stove’s exhaust collar. See Figure 2.3 (A) and Figure 2.3 (B).
•
The pipe must be short and straight. All sections installed horizontally must slope at least ¼ inch per
foot, with the upper end of the section toward the chimney. See Figure 2.3 (B).
•
To insure a good draft, the total horizontal length of the connector should never exceed 8' to 10' (2.4
to 3.04 m). In the case of vertical installation, the total length of the connector can be much longer
and connected without problem to the chimney at the ceiling level.
•
There should never be more than two 90 degrees elbows in the whole connector and chimney system.
Never start with a 90o elbow. Always go up vertically for at least 2 feet from the flue spigot before
using a 90o elbow.
•
The connector must not pass through any combustible material, nor may it pass through a concealed
space (such as an attic, roof space, or closet). If passing through a wall, ceiling, or into a masonry
chimney, use either chimney components listed for that specific use, or means acceptable to local
authorities having jurisdiction over the installation.
•
Installation of a "barometric draft stabiliser" (fireplace register) on a connector is not recommended.
•
Furthermore, installation of a draft damper is prohibited. Indeed, with a controlled combustion wood
stove, the draft is regulated upon intake of the combustion air in the stove and not at the exhaust.
FIGURE 2.3 (A) Connecting Sections
25
FIGURE 2.3 (B) Minimum Slope
Avoid 90 degree eblows
We recommend that you use
two 45 degree elbows instead
26
2.4
DRAFT
Your Classic EPA stove’s performance will be optimised if it is installed with a chimney (flue) system that
provides an adequate draft. The draft is the force that moves air from the appliance up through the chimney
and is predominantly affected by the height and diameter of the chimney, as well as the stack temperatures of
the stove. If you test the draft using a pressure gauge, the reading should be between .05 - .07 inches of water
column (w.c.) at a medium-high fire. A draft measure of less than .03" w.c. will cause operational difficulties
while too much draft (greater than .10" w.c.) will result in over-firing of the stove. This can result in excessive
operating temperatures. If this is the case, a manual damper may be installed in the vertical chimney
connector to help reduce excessive draft.
2.5
OUTSIDE COMBUSTION AIR
It is recommended to install 4’’ outside air intake in the room where the stove is located or nearby.
The following are signs that a fresh air kit may be required:
•
Your stove does not draw steadily, smoke rollouts occur, wood burns poorly, or back-draft occurs
whether or not there is combustion present.
•
Existing fuel-fired equipment in the house, such as fireplaces or other heating appliances, smell, do
not operate properly, suffer smoke rollouts when opened, or back-draft occurs whether or not there is
combustion present.
•
Opening a window slightly on a calm (windless) day alleviates any of the above symptoms.
•
The house is equipped with a well-sealed vapour barrier and tight fitting windows and/or has any
powered devices that exhaust house air.
•
There is excessive condensation on windows in the winter.
•
A ventilation system is installed in the house.
27
2.6
THE ADVANTAGE OF INSTALLING A BLOWER (FAN)
A blower can be installed at the back of your Drolet stove. This option is necessary if you wish to redistribute
into a room the heat trapped at the back of your stove. By forcing hot air toward the front, the blower enables
you to extend the radiation and convection power of your stove. You can purchase this option through your
Drolet dealer. Make sure to specify this part number: #AC03095. Installation instructions are supplied with
the blower.
28
SECTION 3.0
OPERATION
Keep these instructions for future reference.
WARNING:
• ANY MODIFICATION
OF THE APPLIANCE THAT HAS NOT BEEN APPROVED IN WRITING BY THE TESTING
AUTHORITY IS CONSIDERED AS BREACHING CSA B365 (CANADA), AND ANSI NFPA 211 (USA).
•
•
DO NOT USE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS OR AEROSOLS TO START OR REKINDLE THE FIRE.
DO NOT USE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS OR AEROSOLS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS APPLIANCE WHEN IT IS
OPERATING.
•
DO NOT STORE FUEL WITHIN HEATER INSTALLATION CLEARANCES.
•
OPEN AIR CONTROL (AND DAMPER WHEN FITTED) BEFORE OPENING FIRING DOOR.
•
THIS STOVE IS NOT DESIGNED TO BE USED WITH THE LOADING AND/OR ASH DOOR OPEN. THE DOORS MAY
BE OPENED ONLY DURING LIGHTING OR CLEANING PROCEDURES. NEVER LEAVE THE STOVE UNATTENDED
WHEN THE LOADING DOOR IS OPEN.
•
HOT WHILE IN OPERATION, KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE AWAY. CONTACT MAY CAUSE SKIN
BURNS. WEAR GLOVES TO OPERATE YOUR STOVE.
CAUTION
•
•
THIS APPLIANCE SHOULD BE MAINTAINED AND OPERATED AT ALL TIMES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THESE
INSTRUCTIONS.
THE USE OF SOME TYPES OF PRESERVATIVE-TREATED WOOD AS A FUEL CAN BE HAZARDOUS.
3.1
SAFETY INFORMATION
•
This stove is designed for safe operation WHEN BURNING WOOD ONLY. Altering or modifying the
unit or installation without proper authorisation will void the certification, warranty, and safety
listing, and may result in a safety hazard.
•
For safety reasons, never leave the unit unattended with the door open or ajar. An open door, and
especially a door partially open or cracked, if left for longer than required for good ignition can
potentially result in unsafe chimney temperatures, and if left unattended, in hot embers or ignited fuel
falling out of the unit. Prolonged door open operation is not necessary provided the unit has been
properly installed and dry kindling is used to start the fire.
•
Do not abuse the unit, either by over firing or by using wood or combustibles with salt content, or
harmful chemicals. Misuse is not covered by warranty.
29
•
Even though your Drolet has been specifically designed and tested to prevent smoke spillage, always
open the door slowly as this will minimise the likelihood of smoke spillage or a back draft of flame or
smoke into the room.
•
Never use gasoline type lantern fuel, kerosene, solvents, charcoal lighter fluid, or inflammable liquids
to start or "refresh" a fire in the stove. Keep all such liquids well away from the stove while it is in
use.
•
All stove surfaces become very hot during operation. Care is needed, especially with children, to
avoid contact with those surfaces.
•
Do not elevate the fire by means of grates.
•
CAUTION: DO NOT OVER FIRE THIS HEATER. Do not burn fuel in the stove at a rate higher than that
which will cause the ember bed level to exceed half the door opening height. We strongly
recommend that you purchase a chimney (flue) thermometer. There are two types of thermometers:
probe thermometers and magnetic thermometers (the later is also called “stove top thermometer”). If
you are using a probe thermometer, make sure that the temperature does not exceed 900oF (482oC).
If you are using a magnetic thermometer, make sure that the temperature does not exceed 475oF
(246oC). If the door handle of the stove becomes excessively hot to the touch, consider this to be an
indication of over firing. Over firing can result in a safety hazard and can permanently damage the
stove and chimney. This damage is not covered by the warranty.
•
Although the ceramic glass is extremely durable under any normal use, a few precautions are
required. Do not attempt to push logs further into the fire by using the door, as the glass may break if
any solid object heavily contacts it.
•
Never operate the stove with the door open, or cracked slightly open, except briefly during the
lighting operation, and during refuelling. Leaving the door open continuously could seriously
overheat the chimney and adjacent combustibles. Do not operate the stove if there is an abnormal air
leakage into the stove, such as through deteriorated gaskets or cracked or broken glass. Do not
operate the stove without a door gasket. Leakage can result in overheating, or in very airtight homes,
could possibly cause smoking into the room. Smoke may contain carbon monoxide, which is
poisonous, and in sufficient quantities, is a health hazard.
30
3.2
FUEL
Fuel for the stove must not be stored closer than the required clearances to combustibles (heat sensitive
materials). NEVER STORE WOOD IN THE ASH PAN COMPARTMENT.
Your Drolet stove is designed to burn WOOD ONLY. Do not burn coal, charcoal, or trash in the unit.
Highly flammable items such as trash may ignite creosote in the chimney (flue), resulting in a chimney
fire. Never burn salt wood, beach wood, chemically treated wood, or wood removed from salt water,
since the deposits left will deteriorate the firebox. Damage caused by chemicals or salt is not covered
under warranty.
Seasoned cord wood is recommended. Wood should be air dried in a covered and ventilated area for a
minimum of six months (one year or more is recommended). This reduces the moisture content of the
wood, resulting in a better stove performance. Wood species with moisture content of 20% or less are
ideal. Dry, seasoned cord wood, can be distinguished from green wood by the cracks at each end of the
logs. Wet or green wood will tend to cause the fire to smoulder, producing large amounts of creosote.
Creosote buildup could result in a chimney fire. This wood will also prove difficult to keep burning
properly, and fires will tend to go out. Green wood produces very little heat, and sometimes causes
customers to think that the stove does not work.
Decayed wood or low-density wood has very little energy content or heating value, and will not burn
satisfactorily for long periods of time. An example of the energy values of some common wood fuels
found un North America is given in Table 3.2 below.
Energy yield
(millions of BTU/cord)
Oak
29
Sugar Maple
28
Beech
26
High energy yield
Yellow birch
25
Ash
24
Elm
23
Larch (Tamarack)
23
Red Maple
23
Douglas red fir
23
Medium energy yield
Silver birch
22
Alder
18
Poplar
17
Hemlock
17
Spruce
17
Pine
17
Low energy yield
Bass
16
Fir
13
Data provided by Energy, Mines and Resources – Canada
Wood species
TABLE 3.2 Energy yield for wood species
31
3.2.1 The use of manufactured logs
There are numerous types of manufactured logs sold on the market. You must be very careful with this
type of product. Many brands of manufactured logs contain chemical additives. DO NOT BURN ANY
MANUFACTURED LOGS CONTAINING CHEMICAL ADDITIVES. If you do, you may damage your
stove and void the warranty. Logs containing chemical additives burn a lot hotter and were designed for
decorative fireplaces. Decorative fireplaces generally have larger, cooler, and less air-tight fireboxes.
Your Drolet stove, on the other hand, has a smaller, completely sealed firebox which attains much higher
temperatures. It is therefore not designed to support excessive heat caused by the addition of chemicals
in manufactured logs. Manufactured logs made of 100% wood residues do not cause any threat to your
stove. You must however be careful. Manufactured logs typically release a much larger heat output over
a short period of time. Therefore, you cannot place a large quantity of such logs into your stove, like you
would with regular cord wood. Start with one log, and gradually increase the load to 3 or 4 logs and see
how your stove reacts. Use a chimney (flue) thermometer and make sure that temperatures remain within
the normal operating range.
3.2.2 Simple wood moisture test
Add one large piece of wood to the top of an established fire. If it starts to burn on three sides within one
minute, it is dry and seasoned and right for burning. If it turns black and starts to burn in about three minutes
or more, it is damp. If it turns black and does not start burning until five minutes or more, it is green and wet.
If it hisses at any time, the wood is soaked and will not burn until the excess of moisture is boiled away.
3.3
NOTES ABOUT FIRST FIRING
The fresh paint on your stove needs to be cured to preserve its quality. Once the fuel load is properly ignited,
only burn small fires in your stove for the first four hours of operation. Never open the air control more than
necessary to achieve a medium burn rate. Make sure that there is enough air circulation while curing the
stove. Open one or more windows. The odours can be smelled during the 3 or 4 first fires. Never start your
stove outside.
3.4
LIGHTING A FIRE
•
Place enough crumpled balls of newspaper or other paper into the stove to cover thbottom of the
firebox.
•
Place small and dry kindling on the crumpled paper.
•
Place larger and dry kindling on top of the small kindling.
•
Open the air intake control fully.
•
Light a fire at the bottom of the crumpled paper and close the door. If the fire tends to go out
momentarily, hold the door slightly ajar to activate the fire. As soon as the fire catches hold, close the
32
door.
•
3.5
Ideally the large kindling should be burned until a thick bed of red embers is obtained. At that point,
add cord wood fuel and continue to operate the draft control wide open until the fire is well
established. Once the firebox is hot, the air control can be partially closed. After 30 minutes to one
hour, you can close the air control completely. In order to have the best indication of when you
should close the air control completely to operate your stove the most efficiently, use a chimney
(flue) thermometer. If you are using a probe thermometer, you can close the air control completely
when the temperature on the thermometer reaches 900oF (482oC). If you are using a magnetic
thermometer , you can close the air control completely when the temperature on the thermometer
reaches 475oF (246oC). Closing the air control down too soon will lower combustion efficiency and
may cause the fire to die out. Over a period of time, it may also result in creosote build-up in the
chimney (which could lead a chimney fire).
MAINTAINING THE FIRE
Once the wood has been consumed (or partially consumed) and you have obtained a good bed of embers, you
should reload the unit. In order to do so, open the air control to its maximum for approximately 15 seconds
prior to opening the stove door. Then, proceed by opening the door very slowly. Open it by 2” to 4” (52 to
104 mm) for 10 to 15 seconds before opening it completely. This procedure will increase the draft and thus
eliminate the smoke which is stagnant in a state of slow combustion in the stove. Then, bring the red embers
to the front of the stove and reload the unit. Depending on the type of wood you burn and the strength of
the draft in your flue, you may have to leave the air control open to its maximum for more than 15
seconds to avoid smoke spillage before you reload the stove.
Your Drolet stove will work best if a thick bed of hot embers is maintained in the bottom of the firebox, and a
minimum of two large pieces of seasoned fuel are added. Combustion efficiency is largely related to
establishing a hot ember bed, and hot firebox temperatures. The quicker the stove and chimney (flue) get up
to normal operating temperatures, the better. A small intense fire is preferred to a large smouldering fire, both
to improve combustion efficiency and to reduce the amount of creosote build-up. The best performance will
be obtained by adding relatively small amounts of fuel to a well established ember bed, and then operating
with the air inlet control open long enough to achieve a hot fire. The wood should be placed with air in
between individual pieces. Use a poker to make an air channel in the embers below the wood. This will allow
air to flow under the wood for a more efficient burn.
In order to achieve an optimum efficiency from your unit, we suggest that you operate it with the air control
slightly open (approximately 10%). Make sure that you have a good fire going and an adequate ember bed
before you completely close the air control. Use a chimney thermometer if necessary. Closing the air control
too soon will lower combustion efficiency and may cause the fire to die out. The addition of a blower (if not
already included) is highly recommended to maximize your unit’s efficiency.
33
3.6
FAN (BLOWER) OPERATION
If you have purchased and installed and optional fan (blower), allow the stove to reach operating temperature
(approximately one hour), before turning on the fan. The increased airflow from the fan will cool the firebox
and affect the start-up combustion efficiency if the fan is turned on too quick.
CAUTION: ENSURE THAT THE FAN’S POWER CORD IS NOT IN CONTACT WITH ANY SURFACE OF THE STOVE TO
PREVENT ELECTRICAL SHOCK OR FIRE DAMAGE. DO NOT RUN THE POWER CORD BENEATH THE STOVE.
34
SECTION 4.0
4.1
MAINTENANCE
CLEANING AND PAINTING YOUR STOVE
Clean the stove frequently so that soot, ash, and creosote do not accumulate. Do not attempt to clean
the stove when the unit is hot. Special care must be taken with gold plated surfaces in order to
maintain the finish at its original brilliance. Do not use an abrasive cleaner which will scratch the
paint or plated finish. Use only a soft and clean damp cloth.
If the paint becomes scratched or damaged, it is possible to give your wood stove a brand new look,
by repainting it with a 650oC heat resistant paint. For this purpose, simply scrub the surface to be
repainted with fine sand paper, clean it properly, and apply thin coats (2) of paint successively. To
retrieve the original finish, use the paint supplied by the manufacturer.
4.2
GLASS
•
Inspect the glass regularly in order to detect any cracks. If you spot one, turn the stove off immediately.
Do not use the stove if the glass is broken.
•
If the glass on your stove breaks, replace only with a glass supplied by your Drolet dealer.
•
To replace the glass, remove the screws retaining the glass retainers inside the door. Remove the
mouldings and replace the damaged piece with a (10 1/8’’ x 16 7/8’’) 5mm thick ceramic glass. Perform
the procedure backwards after replacing. When replacing the glass, you should change the glass gasket to
make sure you keep it sealed.
•
Never wash the glass with a product that may scratch it. Use a specialized product, available in the stores
where wood stoves are sold. Only wash when the stove is cold.
•
Under normal operating conditions, the glass is designed to stay clean. Glass cleaning may be required
when burning damp wood. Furthermore, small creosote or soot accumulation may occur in the lower end
corners of the glass when burning the stove with the air control at the minimum setting. This is normal.
The glass will clean itself when burning a hot fire during one hour or more with the air control at its
maximum setting. Nevertheless, cleaning the glass on a regular basis is recommended to prevent thicker
creosote or soot accumulation that can be very hard to remove.
4.3
GASKETING
It is recommended that you change the door gasket (which makes your stove door air tight) once a year, in
order to insure good control over the combustion, maximum efficiency and security. To change the door
gasket, simply remove the damaged one. Carefully clean the gasket groove, apply a high temperature silicone
sold for this purpose, and install the new gasket. Use only the genuine Drolet gasket. You may light up your
stove again approximately 24 hours after having completed this operation.
35
4.4
ASH REMOVAL USING THE ASH DRAWER
CAUTION: ASHES CAN START FIRES, EVEN AFTER
SEVERAL DAYS OF INACTIVITY.
NEVER DISPOSE OF ASHES IN A
COMBUSTIBLE CONTAINER. REMOVE ASHES WHEN THE STOVE AND ASHES ARE COLD.
Whenever the ashes get 3 – 4” (76 – 102 mm) deep in the firebox, they should be emptied into the
ash drawer, using the following instructions:
•
Make sure the fire is out, and the stove is cold.
•
Lift the ash dump plug at the left rear of the firebox by hooking the poker through the loop on the
cover and lifting up.
•
Push the ashes through the hole and leave an ash bed of approximately 1” deep on the firebox
bottom to help maintain a hot ember bed.
•
Clear the ashes from the area where the ash dump plug normally sits so that it will properly seat
against the opening edges. Tap it down with your poker to ensure proper seating.
•
Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tightly fitting lid. This closed container should be
placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground, well away from all combustible (heat sensitive)
materials, pending final disposal.
•
Cover the ash dump plug with the remaining ashes and continue operation of your stove as usual.
•
If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise locally dispersed, they should be retained in
the closed container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled. Do not place other waste materials in
the metal ash container.
•
If bright embers are glowing above the ash dump cap during a low or medium fire, air may be leaking
past the ash plug. If this is happening, a possible over fire hazard exists. The stove should be shut
down and allowed to cool. Properly seal the ash dump cap.
36
4.5
CHIMNEY (FLUE) CLEANING
Regular chimney (flue) maintenance, as well as good burning practices, are required to prevent chimney fires.
When wood (especially green wood) is burned without adequate heat or air supply, it produces tar and other
organic vapours (smoke), which combine with expelled moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapours
condense in the relatively cool chimney of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residues accumulate on
the chimney. When ignited, this creosote makes an extremely hot fire which could be hazardous. Your Drolet
stove has been designed to reduce the amount of creosote produced. Even so, the chimney and any chimney
connector should be inspected at least once every two months during the heating season to determine if a
creosote build-up has occurred. If creosote has accumulated, it should be removed to reduce the risk of a
chimney fire. Call a professional chimney sweep, or go to your local Drolet dealer, purchase a chimney brush,
and have the chimney cleaned.
Contact your local, municipal, state, or provincial fire authority for information on how to handle a chimney
fire before there is any chance that it may happen.
37
DROLET LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY
The warranty of the manufacturer extends only to the original consumer purchaser and is not transferable. This warranty covers brand
new products only, which have not been altered, modified nor repaired since shipment from factory. Proof of purchase (dated bill of
sale), model name and serial number must be supplied when making any warranty claim to your DROLET dealer.
This warranty applies to normal residential use only. Damages caused by misuse, abuse, improper installation, lack of
maintenance, over firing, negligence, accident during transportation, power failures, downdrafts, or venting problems are not
covered by this warranty.
This warranty does not cover any scratch, corrosion, warping, or discoloration caused by over firing, abrasives or chemical cleaners.
Any defect or damage caused by the use of unauthorized parts or others than original parts void this warranty. An authorized qualified
technician must perform the installation in accordance with the instructions supplied with this product and all local and national
building codes. Any service call related to an improper installation is not covered by this warranty.
The manufacturer may require that defective products be returned or that digital pictures be provided to support the claim. Returned
products are to be shipped prepaid to the manufacturer for investigation. If a product is found to be defective, the manufacturer will
repair or replace such defect. Transportation fees to ship the product back to the purchaser will be paid by the manufacturer. Repair
work covered by the warranty, executed at the purchaser’s domicile by an authorized qualified technician requires the prior approval
of the manufacturer. Labour cost and repair work to the account of the manufacturer are based on predetermined rate schedule and
must not exceed the wholesale price of the replacement part. All parts and labour costs covered by this warranty are limited according
to the table below.
The manufacturer at its discretion may decide to repair or replace any part or unit after inspection and investigation of the defect. The
manufacturer may, at its discretion, fully discharge all obligations with respect to this warranty by refunding the wholesale price of any
warranted but defective parts. The manufacturer shall in no event be responsible for any special, indirect, consequential damages of
any nature, which are in excess of the original purchase price of the product. A one-time replacement limit applies to all parts
benefiting from a lifetime coverage. This warranty applies to products purchased after March 1st , 2009.
DESCRIPTION
Combustion chamber (welds only) and castings.
Stainless steel firebox components, secondary air tubes*, surrounds and heat
shields, ash drawer, steel legs, pedestal, trims (aluminum extrusions),
plating* (defective manufacture), and convector air-mate.
Carbon steel firebox components, glass retainers, handle assembly, C-Cast
baffle*, and vermiculite baffle*.
Standard blowers, heat sensors, switches, rheostat, wiring, and other controls.
Optional blowers, ceramic glass (thermal breakage only*), paint (peeling),
gaskets, insulation, and ceramic fibre blankets.
Firebrick
*Pictures required
WARRANTY APPLICATION
PARTS
LABOUR
Lifetime
3 years
5 years
3 years
3 years
1 year
2 years
1 year
1 year
n/a
n/a
n/a
Shall your unit or a components be defective, contact immediately your DROLET dealer. Prior to your call make sure you have
the following information necessary to your warranty claim treatment:
•
•
Your name, address and telephone number;
Bill of sale and dealer’s name;
•
•
Serial number and model name as indicated on the
nameplate fixed to the back of your unit;
Nature of the defect and any relevant information.
Before shipping your unit or defective component to our plant, you must obtain from your DROLET
dealer an Authorization Number. Any merchandise shipped to our plant without authorization will be
refused automatically and returned to sender.
38
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