850 Model VOLVO 850 1 9 9 7

850 Model VOLVO 850 1 9 9 7
1997 Volvo 850
850 Model
VOLVO
850
1997
VOLVO
This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo.
Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe
driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To help ensure
your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment
descriptions, operating instructions and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We
also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And,
of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication or any
impairment that could hinder your ability to drive.
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the
certification labels attached to the driver's door opening and on the left wheel housing in the engine
compartment.
Volvo and the environment
Volvo is committed to the well being of our customers. As a natural part of this commitment, we care
about the environment in which we all live. Caring for the environment means an everyday involvement
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in reducing our environmental impact.
Volvo's environmental activities are based on a holistic view, which means we consider the overall
environmental impact of a product throughout its complete life cycle. In this context, design, production,
product use, and recycling are all important considerations.
In production, Volvo has partly or completely phased out several chemicals including freons, lead
chromates, naphtanates, asbestos, mercury and cadmium; and reduced the amount of chemicals used in
our plants 50% since 1991.
In use, Volvo was the first in the world to introduce into production a three-way catalytic converter with
a Lambda sond, now called oxygen sensor, in 1976. The current version of this highly efficient system
reduces emissions of harmful substances (CO, HC, NOx) from the exhaust pipe by approximately 95%
and the search to eliminate the remaining emissions continues. Volvo is the only automobile
manufacturer to offer CFC-free retrofit kits for the air conditioning system for all models back to the M/
Y 1975 240. Advanced electronic engine controls, refined purification systems and cleaner fuels are
bringing us closer to our goal.
In addition to continuous environmental refinement of conventional gasoline-powered internal
combustion engines, Volvo is actively looking at advanced technology alternative-fuel vehicles and the
Dynaguide Information System (an advanced traffic information system).
When you drive a Volvo, you become our partner in the work to lessen the car's impact on the
environment.
To reduce your vehicle's environmental impact, you can:
Maintain proper air pressure in your tires. Tests have shown decreased fuel economy with improperly
inflated tires
● Follow the recommended maintenance schedule
● Drive at a constant speed
● See an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as possible for inspection if the check engine (malfunction
indicator) lamp illuminates, or stays on after the vehicle has started
● Properly dispose of any vehicle related waste such as used motor oil, used batteries, brake pads, etc.
●
For additional information regarding the environmental activities in which Volvo Cars of North
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America, Inc. is involved, visit our Internet Environmental Home Page at:
http://www.volvocars.com/environment.html
Contents
Important
Before you operate your car for the first time, please familiarize yourself with the BREAK-IN
information on page 4:2. You should also be familiar with the information in the first three chapters of
this manual.
Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be studied after
operating the vehicle for the first time.
This manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. It should thus be kept in the car for ready
access.
Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating the country's applicable safety and
exhaust emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these
requirements. Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo not certifiable for
legal operation in the U.S., Canada or other countries.
1
Occupant safety, Reporting safety defects
2
Instruments and controls
3
Body and interior
4
Starting and driving
5
Wheels and tires
6
In case of emergency
7
Car care
8
Service and routine maintenance
9
Specifications
10
Audio systems
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product
information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any
time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.
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CAUTION: The 850 R turbo models have reduced ground clearance due to the design of the front
spoiler. Please observe caution when e.g., driving onto garage hoists, through drifted snow or when
other road debris is encountered, or when parking near curbs.
1996 Volvo Cars of North America Inc.
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Audio systems
pg. 10:1 Audio systems
Audio systems
This chapter describes the audio system in your car.
pg. 10:2 SC-710
pg. 10:14 SC-811
pg. 10:27 SC-815
pg. 10:43 General information
pg. 10:2 Audio system SC-710 (certain models), general description
The following pages describe the use of your SC-710 Cassette Radio and CD remote control
1. On/off (push)
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2. Anti-theft LED
3. – Volume (turn)
– Balance (pull and turn)
4. CD mode selector
5. Bass control
6. Treble control
7. Fader control
8. – Preset buttons
– CD -Disc No. selector
9. Wave band selectors (FM)
10. Wave band selectors (AM)
11. – Auto seek memory
– CD - Previous track DOWN
12. – Seek tuning
– CD - Next track UP
13. – Manual tuning up/down
– CD - Music search DOWN
– CD - Music search UP
14. – Rewind / Forward
– Tape direction selector PROG
15. Display
16. Cassette slot
17. CD -Random play
18. Cassette eject
19. Dolby B button
CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer.
pg. 10:3 Anti-theft code - SC-710
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Anti-theft code
The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is
disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set. Refer to the radio code card
supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code .
When the car is parked with the ignition key removed, the anti-theft LED will flash
To enter the code
After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "CODE" when it is
switched on. Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered the set is ready
to use. If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.
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Incorrect code
If an incorrect code has been entered "EEEE" is displayed. Enter the correct code. After three
unsuccessful coding attempts, the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. "OFF" is displayed.
During this waiting period:
The battery must be connected
● The ignition key must be turned to position I
● The unit must be turned on
Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to page 2:8 for
information on turning the headlights off). Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.
●
pg. 10:4 Radio SC-710
A - On/off switch
Push the button to switch on the radio.
B - Volume control
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Turn the button clockwise to switch on and to increase the volume. The volume control is electronic and
has no end stop.
C - Wave band selector
The desired wave band is set by pressing one of the wave band selector buttons. The frequency and
wave band is shown on the display.
NOTE: There are two FM wave band and one AM wave band. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM
stations and 6 AM stations in memory.
D - Setting frequency selection
The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as
follows: Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each
time button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the
correct country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.
E - Manual tuning
Press the left side of the tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher
frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.
ST will be displayed to indicate stereo FM reception.
pg. 10:5 Radio SC-710 (cont.)
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A - Seek tuning
Press the SEEK button to seek for higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops
there.
If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the SEEK button again.
B - Preset programming
1. Tune to the desired frequency.
2. Depress and hold a preset button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio
comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).
3. The frequency is now stored on this preset button.
C - Preset buttons
To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be
displayed.
pg. 10:6 Radio SC-710 (cont.)
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A - Automatic programming (Auto seek)
Please note that this function will not interfere with pre-stored stations on buttons 1-6.
This function automatically seeks and stores up to 8 strong AM or FM stations. This is especially useful
when travelling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.
1. Depress and hold the "AUTO" button for at least 1 second (AUTO will be displayed). A number of
strong stations (max. 8) on the chosen wave band are now automatically stored in the auto seek memory.
If there are no audible stations, "----" is displayed.
2. Press the "AUTO" button (for less than 1 second) to obtain another autostored station. A new
autostored station will be selected each time the button is pressed momentarily.
B - Bass control
Adjust the bass by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent"
indicates "equalized" bass.
C - Treble control
Adjust the treble by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent"
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indicates "equalized" treble.
pg. 10:7 Radio SC-710 (cont.)
A - Fader control
Adjust front/rear speaker balance by sliding the control up or down.
Up to direct more sound to the front speakers, down to direct more sound to the rear speakers.
The "detent" indicates "equalized" front/rear balance position.
B - Balance control
Pull out the "volume" knob and adjust the left/right balance by turning the knob counter-clockwise or
clockwise.
The "detent" indicates "equalized" left/right balance position.
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pg. 10:8 Cassette deck
A - Cassette slot
The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the
cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. " TAPE
"
or " TAPE " is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape
has been played, the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be
inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.
B - Reversing the tape (PROG)
Press the two buttons to play the other side of the tape.
The side of the tape being played will be displayed.
C - Fast winding
The tape is advanced with "
" and rewound with "
".
Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the opposite button.
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D - Dolby B button
Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system.
The Dolby Symbol
will be indicated in the display.
pg. 10:9 Cassette deck (cont.)
A - Cassette eject
If the button is pressed, the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio or CD will engage
automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the tape was played).
pg. 10:10 CD - Remote (certain models)
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A - CD mode selector
Press "CD" to actuate the CD mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CDchanger cartridge* is empty, "----" will be displayed. If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number
and "5---" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.
* The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the
Volvo CD-changer which is sold separately as an accessory, or on certain models, standard on the car.
B - Disc number selector
Depress one of the preset buttons (1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and
track number will be displayed.
C - Music search
Press the TUNE button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this
track will be displayed.
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pg. 10:11 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)
A - Changing the selected track number
Press CD
(SEEK) button to select the next track.
Press the CD
(AUTO) button to select the previous track.
The chosen disc number and track number will be displayed.
B - Playing-time display
When the CD button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.
pg. 10:12 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)
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A - Random choice
Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also
chosen at random).
A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this function is
engaged.
B - To re-enter Radio mode
To re-enter Radio mode, push one of the wave band selector buttons.
pg. 10:13 Technical specifications
SC-710
Output: 4 x 20 W (10% dist.)
Output impedance: 4 Ohms
System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground
Fuse: 10 A
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Radio
System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front end and automatic wide
band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer).
Frequency range:
FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz
AM 530 - 1710 kHz
Sensitivity:
FM 1.3 µV
AM 15 µV
Stereo separation: 35 dB
Cassette deck 4 - track, 2 channel stereo
Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.
Channel separation 40 dB
Frequency range 30 - 15000 Hz
S/N (120 µV) 50 dB
Wow and Flutter less than 0.06%
Pinch off
"Dolby" and the double D symbol
are the trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
Dolby noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
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Occupant safety, Reporting safety defects
pg. 1:1 Occupant safety
Occupant safety
Despite our strongest recommendations, and your best intentions, not wearing a seat belt is like
believing "It'll never happen to me!". Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seat
belts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant, car or booster seat determined by
age, weight and height.
Fact: In every state and province, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally,
most states and provinces have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seat belts.
So, urging you to "buckle up" is not just our recommendation - legislation in your state or province may
mandate seat belt usage. The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say, "It's a
good thing I was wearing my seat belt".
1:2 Seat belts
1:4 Volvo SRS
1:8 Side Impact Protection System - (SIPS) air bag
1:9 Child safety
1:13 Occupant safety
1:13 Reporting Safety Defects
pg. 1:2 Seat belts
Seat belts
Always fasten the seat belts before you drive or ride.
Two lights above the rear view mirror will be illuminated for 4-8 seconds after the starting (ignition) key
is turned to the driving position. A chime will sound at the same time if the driver has not fastened his
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seat belt. The rear seats are provided with self-retracting inertia reel belts. The front seats are provided
with single roller belts with tensioners.
To buckle:
Pull the belt out far enough to insert the latch plate into the receptacle (buckle for rear seats) until a
distinct snapping sound is heard. The seat belt retractor is normally "unlocked" and you can move freely,
provided that the shoulder belt is not pulled out too far. The retractor will lock up as follows:
if the belt is pulled out rapidly
● during braking and acceleration
● if the vehicle is leaning excessively
● when driving in turns
For the seat belt to provide maximum protection in the event of an accident, it must be worn correctly.
When wearing the seat belt remember:
● The belt should not be twisted or turned.
● The lap belt must be positioned low on the hips (not pressing against the abdomen).
● The shoulder section of the front seat belts adjusts automatically to the driver's height.
Make sure that the shoulder belt is rolled up into its retractor and that the shoulder and lap belts are taut.
Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled.
If necessary, guide the belt back into the retractor slot.
●
NOTE: Legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage.
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WARNING! Any device used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of the three-point belt
system will have a detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a
collision. The seat back should not be tilted too far back. The shoulder belt must be taut in order to
function properly.
Spool-out
To make child seat installation easier, each seat belt buckle (except for the driver's belt) is equipped with
a locking mechanism to help keep the lap section of the seat belt taut. Please refer to page 1:11 for more
information on this function.
pg. 1:3 Seat belts, Center head restraint
During pregnancy
Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in
such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap portion of the belt should be
located low, as shown in the above illustration.
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WARNING! Never use a seat belt for more than one occupant. Never wear the shoulder portion of the
belt under the arm, behind the back or otherwise out of position. Such use could cause injury in event
of accident. As the seat belts lose much of their strength when exposed to violent stretching, they
should be replaced after any collision, even if they may appear to be undamaged. Never repair the belt
on your own; have this done by an authorized Volvo retailer only.
Center head restraint
The center head restraint can be adjusted according to the passenger's height. The restraint should be
carefully adjusted to support the occupant's head.
To raise: Pull straight up
To lower: Pull forward and push down
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pg. 10:14 Premium Sound system SC-811 (certain models), general description
The following pages describe the use of your SC-811 Cassette Radio and CD remote control
1. – On/off (turn)
– Volume (turn)
– Pause/Mute (push)
– Balance (pull)
2. CD mode selector
3. Bass control
4. Treble control
5. Fader control
6. Waveband selectors (FM)
7. Waveband selectors (AM)
8. Preset buttons, CD-Disc No. selector
9. Auto seek memory (FM)
10. Dolby B button
11. – Manual tuning
– Seek tuning (push)
12. Tape direction selector REV, CD-Random play
13. Cassette eject
14. Display
15. Cassette slot
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16. TP -Next song
CD -Next track UP
17. TP -Fast forward
CD -Music search UP
18. TP -Rewind
CD -Music search DOWN
19. TP -Previous song REPEAT
CD -Previous track DOWN
20. Tape mode selector
TP = Applicable only in tape mode
CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer
pg. 10:15 Anti-theft code
Anti-theft code
The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is
disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set. Refer to the radio code card
supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code .
When the car is parked with the ignition key removed, the anti-theft LED will flash
To enter the code
After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "codE" when it is
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switched on.
Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered, "on" is displayed and the
set is ready to use.
If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.
Incorrect code
If an incorrect code has been entered "rPt" is displayed. Enter the correct code.
After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. "OFF" is
displayed.
During this waiting period:
the battery must be connected
● the ignition key must be turned to position I
● the unit must be turned on
Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to page 2:8 for
information on turning the headlights off). Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.
●
pg. 10:16 Radio SC-811
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A - On/off switch and volume control
Turn the button clockwise to switch on and to increase the volume.
B - Waveband selector
The desired waveband is set by pressing one of the waveband selector buttons. The frequency and
waveband is shown on the display.
NOTE: There are two FM wavebands and two AM wavebands. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM
stations and 2 x 6 AM stations in memory.
C - Setting frequency selection
The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as
follows:
Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each time
button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the correct
country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.
When "USA" is chosen, the FM band will search for stations in 200 kHz intervals and AM will search in
10 kHz intervals.
D - Manual tuning
Turn the knob counter-clockwise to tune to lower frequencies and clockwise to tune to higher
frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.
pg. 10:17 Radio SC-811 (cont.)
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A - Seek tuning
Push the tuning knob to seek for higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops
there. If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the tuning knob again.
B - Preset programming
1. Tune to the desired frequency.
2. Depress and hold a preset button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio
comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).
3. The frequency is now stored on this preset button.
C - Preset buttons
To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be
displayed.
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pg. 10:18 Radio SC-811 (cont.)
A - Automatic programming (Auto seek)
Please note that this function will not interfere with pre-stored stations on buttons 1-6.
This function automatically seeks and stores up to 8 strong AM or FM stations. This is especially useful
when traveling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.
1. Depress and hold the "auto-seek" button for at least 1 second. A number of strong stations (max. 8) on
the chosen waveband are now automatically stored in the auto seek memory. If there are no audible
stations, "no" is displayed.
2. Press the "auto seek" button (for less than 1 second) to obtain another autostored station. A new
station will be selected each time the button is pressed.
B - Bass control
Adjust the bass by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent"
indicates "equalized" bass.
C - Treble control
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Adjust the treble by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent"
indicates "equalized" treble.
pg. 10:19 Radio SC-811 (cont.)
A - Fader control
Adjust front/rear speaker balance by sliding the control up or down.
(Up to direct more sound to the front speakers, down to direct more sound to the rear speakers).
The "detent" indicates "equalized" front/rear balance position.
B - Mute function
Press the "power-volume" knob to temporarily mute the sound. "PAUSE" is displayed.
C - Balance control
Pull out the "volume" knob and adjust the left/right balance by turning the knob counter-clockwise or
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clockwise.
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pg. 10:20 Cassette deck
A - Cassette slot
The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the
cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. "TAPE 1" or
"TAPE 2" is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has
been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be inserted or
ejected even when the unit is switched off.
B - Reversing the tape (rev)
Press the button to play the other side of the tape.
The side of the tape being played will be displayed.
C - Fast winding
The tape is advanced with "ff" and rewound with "rew". The tape side indicator in the display will flash
rapidly during fast winding. Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the button again.
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D - Dolby B button
Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system. The Dolby
Symbol
will be indicated in the display.
pg. 10:21 Cassette deck (cont.)
A - "nxt" (next) selector
Press the "nxt" button and the tape will automatically advance to the next song. There must be a pause of
approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.
B - "rpt" (repeat) selector
Press the "rpt" button to rewind the tape to the beginning of the song. Press the button again to rewind to
the beginning of the previous song.
There must be a pause of approx. 5 seconds between the songs for this function to operate.
C - Pause
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If you press the "power-volume" knob the tape is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed.
To restart the tape press the knob again.
pg. 10:22 Cassette deck (cont.)
A - Cassette eject
If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio will be automatically
engaged. The radio or CD will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before
the tape was played).
B - To re-enter Radio mode
There are three alternative ways to re-enter Radio mode:
●
●
●
Push one of the waveband selector buttons
Push the auto seek button
Push one of the preset buttons
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When the unit re-enters Radio mode, the cassette will not be ejected.
C - To re-enter Tape mode
If the Tape function has been disconnected and the cassette has not been ejected, the Tape mode can reentered by pressing the "tape" button.
pg. 10:23 CD - Remote (certain models)
A - CD mode selector
Press "cd" to actuate the CD mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CDchanger cartridge* is empty, "----" will be displayed.
If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and "5--" will be displayed and the next disc will be
automatically selected.
* The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the
Volvo CD-changer which is sold separately as an accessory.
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B - Disc number selector
Depress one of the preset buttons (1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and
track number will be displayed.
C - Music search
Press the "rew" or "ff" button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for
this track will be displayed.
pg. 10:24 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)
A - Track number selector
Turn the knob to select the track number desired.
B - Changing the selected track number
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Press "nxt" for forward selection or "rpt" for backward selection. The chosen disc number and track
number will be displayed.
C - Playing-time display
When this button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.
pg. 10:25 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)
A - Random choice
Press "rev" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also
chosen at random). A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this
function is engaged.
B - Pause
If you press the "power-volume" knob, the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed.
To restart the disc, press the knob again.
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C - To re-enter Radio mode
There are two ways to re-enter Radio mode:
● Push one of the waveband selector buttons
● Push the autostore button
D - To re-enter Tape mode
If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will re-engage if the "tape" button is pressed.
pg. 10:26 Technical specifications
SC-811
Technical specifications
Output: 4 x 25 W (10% dist.)
Output impedance: 4 Ohms
System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground
Radio System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front end automatic
wide band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer).
Radio
Frequency range:
FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz
AM 530 - 1710 kHz
Sensitivity:
FM 1.1 µV
AM 20 µV
Stereo separation: 35 dB
Cassette deck
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4-track, 2 channel stereo
Full logic electronic control
Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.
Channel separation: 53dB
Frequency range: 30-15000 hz
S/N: 56 dB without Dolby B
S/N: 55 dB with Dolby B
Wow and Flutter: less than 0.06 %
are the trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing
"Dolby" and the double D symbol
Corporation.
Dolby noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Contents | Top of Page
s
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pg. 10:27 Premium Sound System SC-815 (certain models), general description
1. On/off (push)
2.
Volume (turn)
● Pause/Mute (push)
● Balance (pull)
3. CD mode selector/Active sound control (single)
4. CD changer selector
5.
● Tape mode selector
● Tape direction selector PROG
6. Bass control
7. Treble control
8. Fader control
9.
● Preset buttons
● CD-Disc No. selector
10. Dolby B NR button
11. CD-random play
12. Cassette eject
●
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13. Not in use
14. Auto seek memory
15. Scan
16.
● Seek tuning up/down
● TP -Next/Previous song
● CD -Next UP/Previous DOWN track
17.
● Manual tuning
● TP -fast forward/Rewind
● CD -Music search UP/DOWN
18. CD eject (single)
19. CD slot
20. Cassette slot
21. Display
22. Waveband selector (AM)
23. Waveband selectors (FM)
24.
● Anti-theft LED
● Disc in LED (single)
TP = Applicable only in Tape Mode
CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer.
pg. 10:28 Anti-theft code
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Anti-theft code
The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is
disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.
Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code.
When the car is parked with ignition key removed the anti-theft LED will flash.
To enter the code
After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "CODE" when it is
switched on.
Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons.
If the correct code is entered the set is entered the set is ready to use.
If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.
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Incorrect code
If an incorrect code has been entered "EEEE" is displayed. Enter the correct code. After three
unsuccessful coding attempts the set will lock and remain locked for two hours.
"OFF" is displayed.
During this waiting period:
● the battery must be connected
● the ignition key must be turned to position I
● the unit must be turned on
Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to page 2:8 for
information on turning the headlights off). Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.
pg. 10:29 Radio SC-815
A - On/off switch
Push the button to switch on the radio. Press the button slightly longer to turn the radio off.
B - Volume control
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Turn the button clockwise to increase the volume. The volume control is electronic and has no end stop.
C - Waveband selector
The desired waveband is set by pressing one of the waveband selector bands. The frequency and
waveband is shown on the display.
NOTE: There are two FM wavebands and one AM waveband. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM
stations and 6 AM stations in memory.
D - Setting frequency selection
The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as
follows:
Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each time
button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the correct
country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.
E - Manual tuning
Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher
frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.
ST will be displayed to indicate stereo FM reception.
pg. 10:30 Radio SC-815 (cont.)
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A - Seek tuning up/down
Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher
frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there. If you wish to continue the seek
tuning, press the tune button again.
B - Preset programming
1. Tune to the desired frequency.
2. Depress and hold a prest button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio
comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).
3. The frequency is now stored on this present button.
C - Preset buttons
To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be
displayed.
pg. 10:31 Radio SC-815 (cont.)
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A - Automatic
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pg. 10:33 Cassette deck
A - Cassette slot
The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the
cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. "TAPE
"
or "TAPE " is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape
has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be
inserted or ejected even when the unit switched off.
B - Reversing the tape (PROG)
Press the button to play the other side of the tape.
The side of the tape being played will be displayed.
C - Fast winding
The tape is advanced with "
" and rewound with "
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". The tape side indicator in the display will
1997 Volvo 850
flash rapidly during fast winding.
Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the button again.
D - Dolby B NR button
Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system. The Dolby
symbol
will be indicated in the display.
pg. 10:34 Cassette deck (cont.)
A - Next selector
Press the "
" button and the tape will automatically advance to next song. There must be a pause of
approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.
B - Previous selector
Press the "
" button and the tape will automatically rewind to the previous song. There must be a
pause of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.
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C - Pause
If you press the "volume" knob the tape is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To
restart the tape press the knob again.
D - Scan
Press this button to listen to the first five seconds of each song. Press it again to stop scanning.
pg. 10:35 Cassette deck (cont.)
A - Cassette eject
If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio will be automatically
engaged. The radio, CD or CD changer will engage automatically (depending on which mode was
activated before the tape was played).
B - To re-enter Radio mode
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There are three alternative ways to re-enter Radio mode:
Push one of the waveband selector buttons
● Push the Auto seek button
● Push one of the preset buttons
When the unit re-enters Radio mode, the cassette will not be ejected.
●
C - To re-enter Tape mode
If the Tape function has been disconnected and the cassette has not been ejected, the Tape mode can be
re-entered by pressing the "TAPE" button.
D - To re-enter CD mode
If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.
E - To re-enter CD changer mode
If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be reentered by pressing
the "CHGR" button.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 10:36 CD - Single
A - CD slot
With the audio system on, insert a disc into the slot with the label side up. When the CD is inserted, the
radio is disengaged and the CD will start to play automatically.
The CD can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.
When the CD has been inserted into the player, the "DISC IN" light will always be ON even if the radio,
tape deck or CD changer are in use.
B - CD mode selector
Press "CD" to actuate the CD mode. The track last listened to will continue to play. If the CD-player is
empty, "No CD" will be displayed.
C - CD eject
If the button is pressed the CD will stop and the disc will be ejected. The radio will be automatically
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engaged. The radio, tape or CD changer will engage automatically (depending on which mode was
activated before the CD was played).
NOTE: If the CD eject button is pressed and the disc is not removed within 12 seconds, the disc will not
be drawn into the CD player again.
pg. 10:37 CD - Single (cont.)
A - Music search
Press the "
" or "
" button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing
time for this track will be displayed.
B - Changing the selected track number
Press "
" for forward selection or "
displayed.
" for backwards selection. The chosen track number will be
C - Playing-time display
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When the "CD" button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.
D - Scan
Press this button to listen to the first ten seconds of each track. Press it again to stop scanning.
pg. 10:38 CD - Single (cont.)
A - Random choice
Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc, tracks will be played at random. "RND" will be
displayed when this function is engaged.
B - Pause
If you press the "volume" knob the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To
restart the disc press the knob again.
C - To re-enter Radio mode
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There are two ways to re-enter Radio mode:
●
●
Push one of the waveband selector buttons
Push the "AUTO" button"
D - To re-enter Tape mode
If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will re-engage if the "TAPE" button is pressed.
E - To re-enter CD mode
If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.
F - To re-enter CD changer mode
If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be re-entered by pressing
the "CHGR" button.
pg. 10:39 CD - Remote (certain models)
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A - CD changer mode selector
Press "CHGR" to actuate the CD changer mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If
the CD-changer cartridge* is empty, "---" will be displayed. If a selected disc does not exist, the disc
number and "5--" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.
* The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the
Volvo CD-changer, which is sold separately as an accessory, or on certain models, standard on the car.
If no CD-changer is connected to the unit "EEEE" will be displayed if you happen to choose CHGR
mode.
B - Disc number selector
Depress one of the preset buttons (1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and
track number will be displayed.
C - Music search
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Press the "
" or "
" button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing
time for this track will be displayed.
pg. 10:40 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)
A - Changing the selected track number
Press "
" for forward selection or "
number will be displayed.
" for backward selection. The chosen disc number and track
B - Playing-time display
When the "CHGR" button is pressed the playing time for current track is displayed for 5 seconds.
C - Scan
Press this button to listen to the first ten seconds of each track. Press it again to stop scanning.
pg. 10:41 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)
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A - Random choice
Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also
chosen at random). A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this
function is engaged.
B - Pause
If you press the "volume" knob the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To
restart the disc press the knob again.
C - To re-enter Radio mode
There are two ways to re-enter Radio mode:
● Push one of the waveband selector buttons
● Push the "AUTO" button
D - To re-enter Tape mode
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If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will re-engage if the "TAPE" button is pressed.
E - To re-enter CD mode
If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.
F - To re-enter CD changer mode
If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be re-entered by pressing
the "CHGR" button.
pg. 10:42 Technical specifications
SC-815
Power output: 4 x 20 W (10% dist.)
Output impedance: 4 Ohms
System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground
Radio
System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front and end automatic wide
band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer).
Frequency range: FM 87.9-107.9 MHz
AM 530-1710 kHz
Sensitivity: FM 1.1µV
AM 20 µV
Stereo separation 35dB
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Cassette deck
4-track, 2-channel stereo
Full logic electronic tape transport
Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.
Channel separation 53 dB
Frequency range 30-15000 hz
S/N 56 dB without Dolby B NR
S/N 66 dB with Dolby B NR
Wow and Flutter less than 0.06%
Pinch-off
are the trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing
"Dolby" and the double D symbol
Corporation. Dolby noise reduction manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 1:4 Volvo SRS
As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, your Volvo is equipped with a Supplemental
Restraint System (SRS). The Volvo SRS consists of an airbag (2) and knee bolster (5) on both the
driver's and passenger's sides and seat belt tensioners in both front door pillars (4). The system is
designed to supplement the protection provided by the three-point seat belt system.
The SRS system is indicated by the "SRS" embossed on the steering wheel pad and above the glove
compartment, the knee bolsters beneath the steering column and the glove compartment and decals on
both sun visors and on the far right side of the dash.
The airbags are folded and located in the center of the steering wheel and above the glove compartment.
They are designed to deploy during certain frontal-angular collisions, impacts, or decelerations,
depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and object impacted. The airbags may also deploy in
certain non-frontal collisions where rapid deceleration occurs. Both airbags and seat belt tensioners will
deploy, even if the passenger seat is not occupied.
WARNING!
As its name implies, SRS is designed to be a SUPPLEMENT to - not a replacement for - the threepoint belt system. For maximum protection, wear seat belts at all times. Be aware that no system can
prevent all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.
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The airbag system includes gas generators (1) surrounded by the airbags (2) and front seat belt
tensioners for both of the front seats (4). To deploy the system, the sensor (3) activates the gas
generators causing the airbags to be inflated with nitrogen gas. As the movement of the seat's occupants
compresses the airbags, some of the gas is expelled at a controlled rate to provide better cushioning.
Both seat belt tensioners also deploy, minimizing any seat belt slack.
The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbags, takes approximately two-tenths of a
second.
WARNING!
When installing any optional equipment, make sure that the SRS system is not damaged. Do not
attempt to service any component of the SRS yourself. Attempting to do so may result in serious
personal injury. If a problem arises, take your car to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for
inspection as soon as possible.
pg. 1:5 Volvo SRS (cont.)
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A self-diagnostic system incorporated in the sensor monitors the SRS. This system does not, however,
monitor the SIPS airbags. If a fault is detected, the "SRS" warning light will illuminate. The light is
included in the warning/indicator light cluster in the instrument panel. Normally, the SRS warning lamp
should light up when the ignition is switched on and should go out after 10 seconds or when the engine
is started. Check that this light is functioning properly every time the car is started.
The following items are monitored by all the self-diagnostic system:
●
●
●
Sensor unit
Cable harness
Gas generator ignitors
WARNING!
Never drive an SRS equipped car with your hands on the steering wheel pad/airbag housing.
No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SRS
cover in the center of the steering wheel, the SRS cover above the glove compartment or the area
affected by the airbag deployment.
If the SRS warning light stays on after the engine has started or if it comes on while you are driving,
drive the car to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for inspection as soon as possible.
The above is a sample of the label found on all seat belts equipped with tensioners, located on the front
seat belts near the lower anchorage point.
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The above is a sample of the decal which can be found on the driver's door pillar.
There is no maintenance to perform on the SRS yourself. The only periodic maintenance recommended
on the SRS is that the air bag modules and front seat belts (including tensioners) should be replaced
approximately every ten years and that the other components in the system (wiring, connectors, etc.)
should also be inspected at this time. The SRS decal on your car shows the month and year servicing is
due. This service must be performed by an authorized Volvo retailer.
pg. 1:6 Volvo SRS (cont.)
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SRS texts on inside of both sun visors
SRS texts on outside of both sun visors
SRS text at far right of instrument panel
WARNING! Do not use child safety seats or child boosters cushions/backrests in the front passenger's
seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the
seat belt properly fastened.
NOTE: Deployment of SRS components occurs only one time during an accident. In a collision where
deployment occurs, the air bags and seat belt tensioners activate. Some noise occurs and a small amount
of powder is released. The release of the powder may appear as smoke-like matter. This is a normal
characteristic and does not indicate fire.
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WARNING!
Occupants in the front passenger's seat must never sit on the edge of the seat, sit leaning toward the
instrument panel or otherwise sit out of position. The occupant's back must be as upright as comfort
allows and be against the seat back with the seat belt properly fastened.
● Feet must be on the floor, e.g. not on the dash, seat or out of the window.
● Children must never be allowed to stand in front of the passenger seat.
● No objects or accessory equipment, e.g. dash covers, may be placed on, attached to or installed near
the SRS hatch (the area above the glove compartment) or the area affected by airbag deployment (see
illustration).
● There should be no loose articles, e.g. coffee cups, on the floor, seat or dash area.
● Never try to open the SRS cover on the steering wheel or the passenger side SRS hatch. This should
only be done by an authorized Volvo service technician.
● Failure to follow these instructions can result in injury to the vehicle occupants in an accident.
●
pg. 1:7 Volvo SRS (cont.)
NOTE: The information on this page does not pertain to the Side Impact protection System airbags.
When are the airbags deployed?
The SRS system is designed to deploy during certain frontal or front-angular collisions, impacts, or
decelerations, depending in the crash severity, angle, speed, and object impacted. The SRS sensor is
designed to react to both the impact of the collision and the inertial forces generated by it and to
determine if the intensity of the collision is sufficient for the airbags to be deployed.
WARNING! The SRS is designed to help prevent serious injury. Deployment occurs very quickly and
with considerable force. During normal deployment and depending on variables such as seating
position, one may experience abrasions, bruises, swellings, or other injuries as a result of airbag(s)
deployment.
If the airbags have been deployed, we recommend the following:
Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo retailer. Even if it can be driven after an accident we do
not recommend driving the car with deployed airbags.
● Have an authorized Volvo retailer replace the SRS system components.
● Use only new, Genuine Volvo Parts when replacing SRS components (airbags, seat belts, tensioners,
etc.)
●
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When are the airbags NOT deployed?
Not all frontal collisions activate the SRS system. If the collision involves a non-rigid object (e.g., a
snow drift or bush), or a rigid, fixed object at a low speed, the SRS system will not necessarily deploy.
Airbags do not normally deploy in a side impact collision, in a collision from the rear or in a rollover
situation. The amount of damage to the bodywork does not reliably indicate if the airbags should have
deployed or not.
Seat belts - the heart of the Volvo safety system
The heart of the Volvo safety system is the three-point seat belt! In order for the SRS system to provide
the protection intended, seat belts must be worn at all times by everyone in the car. The SRS system is a
supplement to the seat belts.
WARNING! If your car has been subjected to flood conditions (e.g. soaked carpeting/standing water
on the floor of the vehicle) or if your car has become flood-damaged in any way, do not attempt to
start the vehicle or put the key in the ignition before disconnecting the battery (see below). This may
cause airbag deployment which could result in personal injury. Have the car towed to an authorized
Volvo retailer for repairs.
Automatic transmission only:
Before attempting to tow the car, use the following procedure to override the shiftlock system to move
the gear selector to the neutral position.
●
●
●
●
●
Disconnect the battery
Wait at least one minute
Insert the key in the ignition and turn it to position 1
Press firmly on the shiftlock override button (located near the base of the gear selector).
While holding the override button down, move the gear selector from the park position.
WARNING! Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the
steering of your car. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the
airbags are deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.
pg. 1:8 Volvo Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) airbag
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SIPS airbag decal *
SIPS airbag (front seats only)
As an enhancement to the structural Side Impact Protection System built into your car, your car is also
equipped with Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) airbags. The SIPS airbag system consists of airbag
modules built into the sides of both front seat backrests (1), cables (2) from these modules to the
mechanical sensor units (3) and gas generators (4). The SIPS airbag system is designed to help increase
occupant protection in the event of certain side impact collisions. The SIPS airbags are designed to
deploy only during certain side-impact collisions, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed, and
point of impact. The airbags are not designed to deploy in all side impact situations.
WARNING!
The SIPS airbag system is a supplement to the Side Impact Protection System and the three-point
seat belt system. It is not designed to deploy during collisions from the front or rear of the car or in
rollover situations.
● Only Volvo approved seat covers may be used. The use of non-approved aftermarket seat covers
may impede SIPS airbag deployment.
● No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SIPS
airbag system or in the area affected by SIPS airbag deployment (see illustration to the right above).
● Never try to open or repair any components of the SIPS airbag system. This should only be done by
an authorized Volvo service technician.
● For best protection from the SIPS airbag system, both front seat occupants should sit in an upright
●
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position with the seat belt properly fastened.
NOTE: SIPS airbag deployment (one airbag) occurs only on the side of the vehicle affected by the
impact.
* A SIPS airbag warning decal is located at the end of the instrument panel on the driver's side of the
car.
1 - Airbag, 2 - cable, 3 - sensor unit, 4 - gas generator
WARNING! Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the
steering of your car. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the
airbags are deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 10:43 Audio systems, general information
CD remote changer
The CD changer, which is available separately, is loaded with a cartridge containing 6 discs. Extra
cartridges are available at your Volvo retailer.
Insert the discs into the cartridge, label (A) up.
Insert the cartridge and close the cover.
Eject the cartridge by pressing the eject button (B).
Remove the discs by depressing the lock tabs (C).
Operating tips:
Before using a new disc for the first time, remove any burrs in the center/outer edge by running the
stem of a pen or similar object around the hole/edge of the disc.
● Use high quality discs only.
● Keep the discs clean. Wipe them with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth, working from the center outwards.
If necessary, dampen the cloth with a neutral soap solution. Dry thoroughly before using.
● Never use cleaning spray or anti-static liquid. Use only cleaners specifically made for CD's.
● Use discs of the correct size only (3.5" discs should never be used).
● Do not put tape or labels on the disc itself.
● Volvo does not recommend the use of plastic outer rings on the disc.
●
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Condensation may occur on discs/optical components of the changer in cold winter weather. The disc
can be dried with a clean, lint-free cloth. Optical components in the CD changer may, however, take up
to one hour to dry off.
● Never attempt to play a disc which is damaged in any way.
● When not in use, the discs should be stored in their covers. Avoid storing discs in excessive heat,
direct sunlight or dusty locations.
●
pg. 10:44 Audio systems, general information (cont.)
Sending signals
The FM waves do not follow the earth's surface nor do they bounce off the atmosphere. For this reason
their range is limited. The AM waves follow the earth's surface and reflect against the atmosphere,
giving them a wide range.
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Weak reception (fading)
Because of the limited range of the FM senders and the fact that these waves are very reflective, this
problem usually occurs with FM reception. If the sender is blocked by buildings or mountains, static can
result.
Static
The reason why FM but not AM is audible is covered parking areas, under bridges, etc., is that FM
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signals reflect against solid objects such as buildings. Because these waves are very reflective, static can
result. This static is the result of the reflected signal and the direct signal reaching your antenna at
slightly different times causing a cancellation of all signals. This problem occurs largely in built-up
areas. To help minimize this situation, turn down the treble.
pg. 10:45 Audio systems, general information (cont.)
Cross modulation
If you listen to a weak station in the vicinity of a stronger one, both stations may be received
simultaneously.
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FM - reasons for distortion
FM is affected by the electrical systems of nearby vehicles, especially those without suppression. The
distortion increases if the station is weak or poorly set.
The FM reception is not as sensitive to electrical disturbances as AM.
AM - reasons for distortion
AM reception is sensitive to electrical disturbances such as power lines, lighting, etc.
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pg. 10:46 Audio systems, general information (cont.)
FM stereo reception
Stereo reception places very high demands on the signal quality which means the type of distortions
previously mentioned become even more obvious. The signal strength needs to be stronger for good
stereo reception and this limits the effective range of the slender.
We hope that this information proves to be useful and provides you with a better understanding of the
problems related to car radio reception.
Reception conditions are not always optimum and this is, of course, beyond our control. However, we
have endeavored to make the Volvo Audio System of a quality that will enable you to enjoy the best
possible reception no matter what the reception conditions may be.
Radio antenna (sedans)
NOTE: Always lower the antenna when using an automatic car wash or entering a garage.
The antenna should be cleaned at least every 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or more frequently if needed.
Use WD40 for cleaning.
Spray the antenna with WD40 and wipe it clean and dry with a rag. Spray it again. Lower and raise the
antenna. Wipe it clean and dry again. Lower and raise the antenna 4-6 times. Make sure it is dry and free
from dirt or lubricating oil.
Radio antenna (wagons)
The radio antenna is built into the driver side window of the cargo area. This antenna also has a factory
installed antenna booster.
NOTE: The antenna will not work without this booster.
Place objects in the cargo area so that the antenna wires on the inside of the window will not be
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damaged. When cleaning the window be careful that the wires are not scratched by rings, etc. If they are
damaged, radio reception will be impaired.
Cassettes
●
●
●
●
●
●
Store cassettes in their cases.
Do not touch the tape surface with your fingers.
Tapes should not be exposed to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.
Keep tapes away from oil, grease and other contaminants.
For optimal tape deck performance Volvo does not recommend the use of C-120 tapes.
Take up slack using a pen or a pencil before inserting a cassette in the cassette slot.
Cassette cleaning
We recommend the use of the Volvo Cleaning Cassette available as a genuine Volvo accessory. Regular
use improves sound quality, cleans vital parts and prevents tape tangle.
Compact disc care
Keep the discs clean. Wipe them with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth, working from the center outwards.
If necessary, dampen the cloth with a neutral soap solution. Dry thoroughly before using.
● Never use cleaning spray or anti-static liquid. Use only cleaners specifically made for CD's.
●
Inside Back Cover
WARNING!
Detergents and solvents
Do not use gasoline containing lead or benzene as a detergent or solvent. Both lead and benzene are
toxic and may be hazardous to your health.
Installation of optional equipment/use of mobile telephones
Incorrectly installed optional equipment, alarm systems or the use of mobile telephones which are not
connected to a suitable antenna can cause faults in the car's electronic control systems. Your car is
equipped with an accessory connector located under the dashboard on the driver's side. Please consult
your Volvo retailer if you have any questions before connecting accessory or optional equipment to the
vehicle's electrical systems.
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Carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless and odorless gas which is present in all exhaust gases. If
you ever smell exhaust fumes from inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is
ventilated and immediately return the vehicle to youth retailer for correction.
Never sit in a parked or stopped car for any extended amount of time, nor have it unattended while the
engine is running.
Never operate the engine in confined, unventilated areas.
Back Cover
The following should be checked regularly: *
1 Washer fluid reservoir should be filled with water and solvent
(wintertime: windshield washer anti-freeze). See page 8:15.
2 Coolant level should be between the expansion tank marks.
Mixture: 50% anti-freeze and 50% water. See page 8:16.
3 Power steering - When cold, the level must not be above the
COLD mark and when hot it must not be above the HOT mark.
Top up if the level drops to the ADD mark with ATF fluid. See
page 8:12.
4 Engine oil level should be between the dipstick marks. The
distance between the marks represents approx. 1.6 US qts (1.5
liter). See page 8:10.
5 Brake fluid - check, without removing the cap, that the level is
above the MIN mark. Use brake fluid DOT 4+. See page 8:12.
* Engine oil should be checked each time the car is refuelled.
Octane rating, see page 4:3
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Tire pressure, see label located on inside of the fuel filler flap.
Bulbs Power Socket
US Bulb
No.
1
70 W
P 20d
HB3/9005
2
60 W
P 22d
HB4/9006
3
24/5
W
BAY 15
d
1157NA
4
21 W
BA 15 s
1156
5
21/4
W
BAZ 15 d –
6
5W
BA 15 s
7
21 W
BAU 15 s –
67
See pages 6:5-8 for more detailed information
VOLVO
Volvo Car Corporation
Göteborg, Sweden
TP 3905/2 (Canada & USA) 32.000.7.96 Printed in Sweden, Graphic Systems AB, Göteborg 199
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 1:9 Child safety
Child Restraint Anchorages
Volvo cars are fitted with Child Restraint Top Tether Anchorages in the rear seat.
Sedans: There are three pre-drilled anchorage points under the rear window shelf which are not visible
from the passenger compartment.
Wagons: The anchorage points are on the rear seat backrest and are hidden by plastic covers. The
backrest must be folded down to access the center anchorage point.
In cars designed for Canada, one top tether anchorage set will be in the glove box.
Installing the top tether
Sedans: The pre-drilled holes for the child restraint anchorages are underneath the rear window shelf and
can be accessed from the trunk or by lowering the rear seat backrests.
Wagons: Remove the plastic cover from the anchorage point you intend to use.
On either model, refer to the child seat manufacturer's instructions for securing the seat.
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Wagon
WARNING! Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by
correctly fitted Child Restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts or
harnesses. The anchorages are not able to withstand excessive forces on them in the event of collision
if full harness seat belts or adult seat belts are installed to them. An adult who uses a belt anchored in a
Child Restraint Anchorage runs a great risk of suffering severe injuries should a collision occur. Do
not install rear speakers which would require the removal of the top tether anchors or interfere with the
proper use of the top tether strap.
pg. 1:10 Child safety (cont.)
Integrated booster cushion:
1 - sedan 2 - wagon
Integrated booster cushion (certain models)
Volvo's own integrated booster cushion has been specially designed to help safeguard a child seated in
the center position of the rear seat. When using the integrated booster cushion, the child must be secured
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with the vehicle's three-point seat belt. The booster cushion is approved for children weighing between
22.7 and 36 kg (50 and 80 lbs) and between 117 and 137 cm (46 and 54 in ) in height. It is not intended
for children under 3 years of age.
With the child properly seated on the booster cushion (see illustration), adjust the head restraint to
support the child's head (see page 1:3). The hip section of the three-point seat belt must fit snugly across
the child's hips, not across the stomach.
The shoulder section of the three-point seat belt should be positioned across the chest and shoulder (see
illustration). The shoulder belt must never be placed behind the child's back or under the arm.
WARNING! Failure to follow the instructions on this page will increase the risk of your child being
injured during a sudden stop or collision. In the event of a collision while the integrated booster
cushion was occupied, the entire booster cushion and center seat belt must be replaced. The booster
cushion should also be replaced if it is badly worn or damaged in any way. This work should be
performed by an authorized Volvo retailer only. The booster cushion should be cleaned while in place
in the vehicle if possible. If not, please consult your Volvo retailer.
Storing the booster cushion
To store (fold up):
●
●
Fold down the booster cushion backrest to the seat section (A)
Fold up the booster cushion unit (B)
NOTE: The booster cushion must be folded down as one unit. If the backrest is not strapped to the seat
section of the cushion, the backrest hinges may lock.
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pg. 1:11 Child safety (cont.)
Auxiliary seat - A-Fold up, B-Fold down
Auxiliary seat (optional)
If all the seats are occupied, a rear-facing auxiliary seat in the cargo area of the wagon models can be
used. This seat is designed for two children, each weighing between 23 - 40 kg (50 - 88 lbs.) and up to
150 cm (59 inches) in height.
WARNING! Both rear seat backrests must be up when the auxiliary seat is being
used.
Do not use a booster cushion or child seat in conjunction with the auxiliary seat.
A-Lap section of belt locked in place, B-Lap section functions normally
Spool-out
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To make child restraint installation easier, each seat belt buckle (except for the driver's belt) is equipped
with a locking mechanism to help keep the lap section of the seat belt taut.
When attaching the seat belt to a child restraint:
● Make sure the red lock button is moved to the right (see illustration A). A coin, etc.. can be used to
move the button.
● Attach the seat belt to the child restraint according to the child seat manufacturer's instructions.
● Pull the lap section of the seat belt taut.
The lap section of the seat belt cannot be loosened as long as the red lock button is in the right position.
The lap section of the seat belt can be adjusted when the lock button is in the left position (see
illustration B).
NOTE: Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled. If necessary,
guide the belt back into the retractor slot. When not in use, the child restraint should be secured with the
seat belt to help prevent movement during a sudden stop.
WARNING! Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's
seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the
seat belt properly fastened.
pg. 1:12 Child safety (cont.)
Child safety
Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants including children. Remember
that, regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a car.
Restraint systems for children are designed to be secured in the vehicle by lap belts or the lap portion of
a lap-shoulder belt. Such child restraint systems can help protect children in cars in the event of an
accident only if they are used properly. However, children could be endangered in a crash if the child
restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. Failure to follow the installation instructions for your
child restraint can result in your child striking the vehicle's interior in a sudden stop.
Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a
child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's interior and an unrestrained person.
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The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a
sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or child rides unrestrained on the
seat. Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce the chance of injuries or
increasing the injury of a child.
All states and provinces have legislation governing how and where children should be carried in a car.
Find out the regulations existing in your state or province. Recent accident statistics have shown that
children are safer in rear seating positions than front seating positions when properly restrained. A child
restraint system can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a child
restraint system:
● It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
(FMVSS 213-80) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.
● Make sure the child restraint system is approved for the child's height, weight and development - the
label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this
information.
● In using any child restraint system, we urge you to look carefully over the instructions that are
provided with the restraint. Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in
this vehicle. A misused child restraint system can result in increased injuries for both the infant or child
and other occupants in the vehicle.
● If your child restraint requires a top tether strap, consult your authorized Volvo retailer for top tether
anchorage and installation information.
When a child has outgrown the child safety seat, you should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt
fastened. The best way to help protect the child here is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat
belt is properly located on the hips (see page 1:10).
A specially designed and tested booster (not available in Canada) cushion for children between 22.7 - 36
kg (50 - 80 lbs) and 117 - 137 cm (46 - 54") can be obtained from your Volvo retailer.
If necessary, an auxiliary seat for children is available for use in the luggage compartment of station
wagon models. This seat is designed for two children, each weighing between 23 - 40 kg (50 - 88 lbs.)
and up to 150 cm (59 inches) in height.
WARNING!
When using the auxiliary seat for children, both sections of the rear seat backrest must be secured in
the upright position
● Do not use a booster cushion or child seat in conjunction with the auxiliary seat.
●
pg. 1:13 Occupant safety
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Seat belt maintenance
Check periodically that the anchor bolts are secure and that the belts are in good condition. Use water
and a mild detergent for cleaning. Check seat belt mechanism function as follows: Attach the seat belt
and pull rapidly on the strap.
Volvo Concern for Safety
Safety is the cornerstone for Volvo. Our concern dates back to 1927 when the first Volvo rolled off the
production line. Three-point seat belts, safety cages, and energy-absorbing impact zones were designed
into Volvo cars long before it was fashionable or required by government regulation. We will not
compromise our commitment to safety. We continue to seek out new safety features and to refine those
already in our cars. You can help. We would appreciate hearing your suggestions about improving
automobile safety. We also want to know if you ever have a safety concern with your car. Call us in the
U.S. at: 800-458-1552 or in Canada at: 800-663-8255.
Occupant safety
How safely you drive doesn't depend on how old you are but rather on:
● how well you see
● your ability to concentrate
● how quickly you make decisions under stress to avoid an accident.
The tips listed below are suggestions to help you cope with the ever changing traffic environment.
● Never drink and driver.
● If you are taking any medication, consult your physician about its potential effects on your driving
abilities.
● Take a driver-retaining course
● Have your eyes checked regularly
● Keep your windshield and headlamps clean.
● Replace wiper blades when they start to leave streaks.
● Take into account the traffic, road, and water conditions, particularly with regard to stopping distance.
Reporting Safety Defects in the U.S.
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
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you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in
addition to notifying Volvo Cars of North America. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and
remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you,
your retailer, or Volvo Cars of North America. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHSTA, U.S.
Department of Transportation, Washington D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about
motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
Contents | Top of Page
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Instruments and controls
Instruments, switches and controls
pg. 2:1 Instruments, switches and controls (cont.)
IMPORTANT! (Automatic transmission only)
Your car is equipped with a Shiftlock-Keylock system.
SHIFTLOCK:
When your car is parked, the gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position. To release the selector from
this position, turn the ignition key to position II (or start the engine), depress the brake pedal, press the
button on the front side of the gear selector and move the selector from (P)ark.
If it is necessary to manually override the shiftlock system:
●
●
●
●
Turn the starting (ignition) key to position I
Press firmly on the "SHIFTLOCK OVERRIDE" button located near the base of the gear selector.
While holding the override button down, press the button on the front of the gear selector.
Move the gear selector from the ( P )ark position.
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KEYLOCK
This means that when you switch off the ignition, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before
the starting (ignition) key can be removed from the ignition switch.
ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (ABS)
The ABS system in your car performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle first reaches the speed of
approximately 12 mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible
from the ABS control module. This is normal.
The pages in this section provide detailed descriptions of the vehicle's instruments and controls. Note
that vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on special legal requirements.
pg. 2:19
1 Air vents
pg. 2:6
2 Turn signals, high/low beams
pg. 2:15
cruise control
pg. 2:8
3 Rear fog light, instrument illumination
pg. 2:6
4 Headlights, parking lights
pg. 2:2-2:5
5 Instruments
pg. 2:7
6 Windshield wiper/washer
pg. 2:9
7 Hazard warning flashers
pg. 2:19
8 Air mix
pg. 2:19
9 Air vents
pg. 2:19-2:23
10 Heating and ventilation controls
pg. 1:4, pg. 1:6
11 Passenger side SRS (air bag) hatch
pg. 10:1
12 Audio system
pg. 2:17
13 Ash tray
pg. 6:18
14 Shiftlock release button (automatic transmission only)
pg. 2:16
15 Electrically heated front seats (optional)
pg. 2:17
16 Parking brake
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pg. 2:24
17 Electrically operated windows
pg. 3:7
Side door mirrors
pg. 2:17
18 Cigarette lighter
pg. 3:10
19 Hood release
pg. 2:8
20 Front fog lights (optional)
pg. 2:8
21 Central locking button
pg. 2:18
22 Adjustable steering wheel
pg. 2:7
23 Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock
–
24 Space for additional equipment
2:3,pg. 2:5,pg. 2:9 25 Traction control system (optional)
pg. 2:9
26 Electrically operated sun roof (optional)
pg. 2:12-14
27 Trip computer (optional)
pg. 2:9
28 Heated rear window/heated door mirrors
pg. 1:4
29 Horn/SRS
Some of the items above are available on certain models only.
pg. 2:2 Instruments
1 Fuel gauge
The fuel tank holds approximately 19.3 US gals. (73 liters). When the warning light comes on there is
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approximately 1.8 US gals. (8 liters) of fuel remaining. See "Refueling" for further information.
2 Boost pressure gauge
(Certain turbo-charged models only)
The boost pressure gauge is divided into sections. Black section: The engine acts as a normally aspirated
engine. Best fuel economy is achieved while driving in this range. White section: The turbocharger
provides boost pressure.
3 Temperature gauge
Do not drive the car with the pointer in the red range . The pointer should be approximately midway on
the gauge face when driving. If the pointer approaches the red range repeatedly, check coolant level. See
page 4:10.
4 Trip odometer reset button
5 Clock, ambient temperature sensor (certain models), trip computer (certain models)
Indicates the temperature slightly above the surface of the road. An amber warning lamp lights up when
the temperature is in the range of 23-36° F (-5 - + 2° C). At low speeds or when the car is not moving,
the temperature readings may be slightly higher than the actual ambient temperature due to heat
generated by the engine.
6 Speedometer
7 Odometer
8 Trip odometer
Used for measuring shorter distances. The last digit indicates 1/10 mile/kilometer. A black number on a
white background = original speedometer. A red number on a white background = replacement
speedometer.
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9 Tachometer
Reads thousands of engine rpm. The engine should not be operated in red range.
The highest permitted constant engine speed is 6,300 rpm (turbo-charged models: 6,200 rpm, B 5252 S:
6,000 rpm).
pg. 2:3 Indicator and warning lights
1 Turn signal, left
2 Turn signal , right
3 (Not in use)
4 Low washer fluid level
If the lamp glows continuously when the engine is running, there is only about 1/2 - 1 US qt. remaining
in the washer fluid reservoir.
5 Low fuel level
When the lamp glows, only about 1.8 US gals. (8 liters) of fuel remain. If the ignition is switched on
while refueling, the gauge may read inaccurately for up to 45 minutes.
6 Rear fog light
7 High beams
8 (Not in use)
9 Bulb failure warning sensor
10 (Not in use)
11 (Not in use)
12 SRS
13 Generator not charging
14 Low engine oil pressure
15 Brake warning light
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16 Parking brake applied
17 ABS-system
18 Ambient temperature warning light* (certain models)
(See pp. 2:11 or 2:14 for more information)
19 Transmission mode "W", or gear positions 3 or L engaged (automatic transmissions)
20 Low coolant level
21 Traction Control System (option)
22 Malfunction indicator lamp
(See page 2:4 for more information)
23 Service reminder indicator
* Warning light is amber.
pg. 2:4 Warning lights
The warning lights described on pages 2:4 and 2:5 should never stay on when driving
When the ignition key is turned on, and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to
test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the system indicated
should be inspected. However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is
fully released.
Generator warning light
If the light comes on while the engine is running, have the charging system checked.
Malfunction indicator lamp
If the lamp comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the engine diagnostic system has
detected a possible fault in the emission control system. Although driveability may not be affected, see
an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as possible for inspection.
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NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the
Malfunction Indicator Lamp may indicate a fault. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.
Oil pressure warning light
If the light comes on while driving, stop the car and then stop the engine immediately and check the
engine oil level. See page 8:10. If the light stays on after restart, have the car towed to the nearest
authorized Volvo retailer. After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally when the engine is
idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.
Parking brake reminder light
This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated
between the front seats. Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:
Brake fluid warning light
If the light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake
fluid level in the reservoir. See pages 8:17-18 for reservoir position.
Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:
WARNING!
If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT DRIVE. Tow the
car to a Volvo retailer and have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.
pg. 2:5 Warning lights (cont.)
TRACS disengaged (option)
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If the TRACS (TRAction Control System) is manually disengaged with the switch on the dashboard, the
warning light will come on. This will also come on to indicate a TRACS malfunction, and when the
brakes overheat, although it goes out again at the normal temperature level. If the lamp remains on, the
system should be checked by an authorized Volvo retailer. This lamp should not be confused with the
ON/OFF indicator lamp above the switch. See page 2:9 for additional information.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will
however function). The vehicle should be driven to a Volvo retailer for inspection.
See page 4:16 for additional information.
Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:
Coolant level sensor
If the light comes on while driving, the coolant level is low. The coolant level in the expansion tank
should be checked immediately and topped up if necessary. The cooling system should be inspected by
an authorized Volvo retailer.
Mode "W" engaged
The lamp will light up when the Winter/Wet starting mode is engaged or if gears "3" or "L" are selected.
If the warning lamp begins to flash , this means that there is a fault in the automatic gearbox. Contact
your Volvo retailer.
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a
fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo retailer for an inspection of the system. See the SRS section for more
information.
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Service reminder indicator
This light will come on at 10,000 mile (16,000 km) intervals*, after 750 hours of driving or after 12
months, whichever occurs first. It is a reminder to the driver that the service interval has been exceeded.
The light will stay on for 2 minutes after the start until reset by the servicing retailer.
* Turbo-charged model intervals: 5,000 miles (8,000 km), 500 hours of driving or after 12 months,
whichever occurs first.
Bulb failure warning light
The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective:
● one of the low beam headlights
● one of the tail lights
● one of the brake lights when the brake pedal is depressed.
Check the fuse and bulb. See sections "Replacing bulbs" and "fuses".
Should the warning light come on after a defective outside bulb has been replaced, the corresponding
bulb on the other side of the car should also be replaced.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 2:6 Headlights, Parking lights, Turn signals
Headlights and parking lights
O All lights off *
Parking lights on **
Headlights and parking lights are on if starting (ignition) switch is in positions I or II.
If the headlight switch is in position
With the headlight switch in position
running light screw (A) in position .
all lights will go out when starting switch is switched off.
the parking lights will stay on (headlights off) with the daytime
.
The high beams can only be switched on if the headlight switch is in position
Switch from high to low beams and vice versa by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side of
the steering column towards the steering wheel.
* Models equipped with daytime running lights: The low beams, tail lights, parking lights and license
plate lights will come on automatically when the ignition is switched on.
and the
** The daytime running lights will also function when the headlight switch is in position
daytime running light screw (A) is in position .
For additional information on the daytime running lights, see page 2:8.
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Turn signals
1 Lane change position : In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by
moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral
position when released.
2 Signal lever engaged for normal turns
3 High beam/low beam switch (headlights on)
Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it.
Headlight flasher (headlights off)
Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is
released.
NOTE: A defective turn signal bulb will cause the turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to
flash more rapidly than normal.
pg. 2:7 Windshield wipers/washers, Ignition switch
Windshield wiper/washer
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1 Intermittent wiper
With switch in this position, the wipers will sweep approximately every seventh second.
2 "Single sweep" position.
The switch returns automatically when released
3 Wipers, normal speed.
4 Wipers, high speed
5 Windshield wiper/washer, headlight wiper/washer (certain models)
The wiper will make 2-3 complete sweeps across the windshield and headlights after the lever is
released.
O Locked position:
Remove the key to lock the steering wheel*
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WARNING: Never turn the key to position O while driving or when the car is
being towed.
I Intermediate position:
Certain accessories, radio, etc. on, daytime running lights off.
II Drive position:
Key position when engine is running.
III Starting position:
Release the key when the engine starts. The key returns automatically to the Drive
position.
* On cars equipped with an automatic transmission the gear selector must also be in
the (P)ark position.
Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock
The steering wheel lock might be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly
to free the ignition key.
In order to reduce car theft, make sure the steering wheel lock is engaged before leaving the car.
A chime will sound if the starting key is left in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is
opened.
pg. 2:8 Instrument illumination, Fog lights, Daytime running lights
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A - Instrument illumination
To increase the brightness: move the slide switch to the right. To decrease the brightness: move the slide
switch to the left.
B - Rear foglight *
This foglight (located in the driver's side tail light cluster) is considerably brighter than the normal tail
lights and should be used only when the atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust
reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft (150 meters).
For the rear fog light to function, the low beam headlights must be switched on.
* By design, there is one rear foglight only, located in the driver's side tail light cluster.
C - Automatic daytime running lights
NOTE: The daytime running light function may only be disabled (turned off) in the U.S. - Canadian law
mandates the use of daytime running lights.
Screw A in the illustration (available on U.S. models only) is used to control the automatic daytime
running lights when the headlight switch is in position 0.
To adjust, press in the screw with a small screwdriver and turn to one of the following positions:
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Automatic daytime running lights
Automatic daytime running lights (will also function when the headlight switch is in position
)
All lights off (daytime running light function disabled)
D - Central locking
Press the switch to lock/unlock the doors, trunk/tailgate and the fuel tank cover .
Lock: press the lower section of the switch
Unlock: press the upper section of the switch.
NOTE: The lock function only operates if the doors are closed.
E - Front fog lights (option)
The front fog lights, located in the front spoiler, will only function in combination with the low beam
headlights.
pg. 2:9 TRACS, Sun roof, Trip computer, Hazard warning flashers, Demister
A - TRAction Control System (TRACS) - option
TRACS is a system designed as an aid when starting/driving off if one of the drive wheels has poor
traction due to weather conditions or the road surface and is connected to the ABS control module.
TRACS engages automatically at speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h) when one of the drive wheels loses
traction. It disengages automatically when speed exceeds 25 mph (40 km/h). The sound which can be
heard when the system is operating comes from the ABS system.
TRACS can be disengaged manually using the switch on the dashboard. The indicator light will come
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on.
B - Electrically operated sun roof - option
The sun roof can be operated in two ways; as a conventional sliding roof or the rear edge can be raised
to provide increased ventilation. See page 3:9 for operating instructions.
NOTE: In case of a sun roof malfunction, see page 3:9.
C - Trip computer - option
Turn the dial to the desired function. For more information, see pages 2:12-14.
D - Hazard warning flashers
The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.
NOTE: Regulations regarding the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to state.
E - Rear window demister, heated side-view mirrors
Press the switch to start heating the rear window and side-view mirrors. The control light in the switch
will illuminate.
A timer switches off the system after approximately 12 minutes. The control light will go out
correspondingly.
pg. 2:10 Tailgate wiper/washer (wagons)
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Tailgate wiper/washer (wagons)
Tailgate window wiper/washer The tailgate window wiper/washer is operated by a switch at the end of
the wiper level.
1. The wiper operates continuously.
2. Intermittent position: the wiper strokes approximately every 10 seconds.
3. Tailgate washer (note that the wiper also operates when this button is depressed): after the button is
released the wiper strokes 2-3 additional times before stopping.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 2:11 Clock, Ambient temperature sensor (certain models)
Resetting the clock
The digital clock can be reset by pressing one of the two buttons (A and B) with a pointed object such as
the tip of a pen.
h = hours
m = minutes
Maintain the pressure on the buttons for more than four seconds to change the time more quickly.
Ambient temperature sensor
This sensor indicates the temperature slightly above the road surface and represents air temperature
where road icing may occur. An amber warning lamp (C) lights up when the temperature is in the range
of 23 - 36° F (-5 - +2° C). Please note that this lamp does not indicate a fault with your car.
At low speeds or when the car is not moving, the temperature readings may be slightly higher than the
actual ambient temperature due to the heat generated by the engine.
Display alternatives
If buttons A and B are pressed down simultaneously, it is possible to shift between four different display
alternatives, as follows:
Press 1st time: 12 hour clock and °F
Press 2nd time: 24 hour clock and °F
Press 3rd time: 12 hour clock and °C
Press 4th time: 24 hour clock and °C
NOTE: If your battery has been disconnected, the display will default to the 24 hour clock and degrees
centigrade.
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pg. 2:12 Trip computer (certain models)
Trip computer
The trip computer offers six functions which are presented in a single display. The cursor indicates the
selected function. The trip computer's clock is shown permanently in the left-hand field. Refer to the
previous page for more detailed information regarding the clock function.
The following data is monitored by the computer:
●
●
●
●
●
●
Average speed
Current fuel consumption
Average fuel consumption
Ambient temperature
Tripmeter
Driving distance on current fuel reserve
Warning function
The trip computer is equipped with two warning functions:
● Low fuel level
● Low ambient temperature
If either of these situations occurs, the cursor is activated beside the function affected and in case of low
ambient temperature, lamp A also lights up.*
The relevant value is shown in the display, regardless of the function selected. In order to return to the
selected function, the control should be rotated one step in either direction and then back again.
NOTE: The low ambient temperature warning always has the highest priority on the display panel.
* See page 2:14.
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Trip computer controls
Select one of the trip computer's six functions by using control B. The Reset button (C) is used to reset
the following functions:
● Average speed
● Average fuel consumption
● Trip meter
Rotate the control to the required position and press the button for at least two seconds to reset the
selected function.
NOTE: If pressure is maintained on the button for another three seconds, all three of the functions
mentioned above will be reset.
pg. 2:13 Trip computer (certain models) (cont.)
Average speed Ø mph (Canada: km/h)
Average speed since the function was last reset. When the ignition is switched off, the average speed is
stored in memory and is used as the basis for the new figure when the engine is started again. It can be
reset by pressing the reset button on the trip computer control.
Current fuel consumption mpg (Canada: L/100 km)
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Continuous information on current fuel consumption, calculated once per second. When the car is not
moving, the display shows "---".
Average fuel consumption Ø mpg (Canada: L/100 km)
Average fuel consumption since the function was last reset. When the ignition is switched off, the
average fuel consumption figure is stored in memory and remains in memory until it is reset using the
button on the trip computer control.
pg. 2:14 Trip computer (certain models) (cont.)
Ambient temperature
Shows the ambient temperature just above the road surface while driving. When the temperature is in the
range 23 - 36° F (-5 - +2° C), the ambient temperature sensor activates an amber warning light. Please
note that this lamp does not indicate a fault with your car.
At low speeds or when the car is not moving, the temperature readings may be slightly higher than the
actual ambient temperature due to the heat generated by the engine.
Tripmeter in miles (Canada: km)
Shows the distance driven since the function was last reset. This value is stored in memory until it is
reset using the reset button on the trip computer control.
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Driving distance on current fuel reserve
mile 0 (Canada: km)
Shows the distance which can be driven on the fuel remaining in the tank, calculated on the basis of the
average fuel consumption and the amount of fuel remaining in the tank at the time of the reading.
When the quantity of fuel drops to below approximately 1.8 US gals. (8 liters), a warning light in the
instrument panel comes on and the cursor beside the "Driving Distance on Current Fuel Reserve"
symbol is activated. This takes place regardless of the function currently selected. When the driving
distance on the current fuel reserve is less than 5 miles (8 km), the display shows "—".
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 2:15 Cruise control
Cruise control
The cruise control switches are located on the turn signal lever.
To engage and set the desired speed:
1. Set switch (B) to ON.
2. Accelerate to the desired cruise speed.
3. Press the + or - area of the SET button (A) to set the desired speed.
NOTE: The cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35 km).
Braking
This will automatically disengage the cruise control. The previously selected cruise speed is retained in
the memory and by momentarily setting the switch to RESUME position, that speed will be re-engaged.
If the cruise control is already engaged, the cruising speed can be increased or decreased by depressing
the SET button (A) towards either + or -. One short press on the button corresponds to a speed change of
approx. 1 mph (1.6 km/h). When the button is released, the vehicle will maintain the current speed.
If actual speed falls below 70% of the set speed or if the wheels spin or lock, the cruise control will
disengage automatically.
NOTE: (AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION)
When driving up steep hills with the cruise control engaged, the transmission may shift intermittently.
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This can be avoided by switching between transmission modes E or S while on the hill.
Normally, the ( E )conomy mode should be used when the cruise control is engaged.
Acceleration
Momentary acceleration, such as for passing, does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previously
selected speed will be maintained without having to set the switch to RESUME.
To disengage the cruise control system :
Set switch (B) to OFF, depress the brake pedal or move the gear selector to position N. Switching off the
starting (ignition) switch will automatically disengage the cruise control system.
On cars equipped with manual transmissions, the cruise control can also be disengaged by depressing
the clutch.
WARNING! The cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery
roads. Do not use or resume cruise control in reverse gear.
When the ignition is switched off, any information stored in the cruise control memory is erased.
pg. 2:16 Heated front seats (certain models)
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Heated front seats
The heated front seats can be switched on and off as required. When switched on, the system senses the
ambient temperature and regulates the level of heat applied. When the optimum temperature is reached,
the heating switches off automatically. While driving, the seat heating for the passenger seat should be
switched off when the seat is not occupied.
pg. 2:17 Parking brake, Cigarette lighter, Ashtrays
Parking brake lever
Parking brake (hand brake)
The lever is situated between the front seats. The brake is applied to the rear wheels.
WARNING! Always use the parking brake (hand brake) when parking. On hills, also turn the front
wheels toward the curb.
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Cigarette lighter
To operate, depress the knob fully. When the knob automatically releases, the cigarette lighter is ready
for use.
The starting (ignition) switch must be either in position I or II for the cigarette lighter to function.
NOTE: The "OBD II" terminal, a connector for diagnostic equipment, is located to the left of the lighter.
This terminal is intended for use by authorized service technicians only.
Rear ash tray
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Ash trays
To open the front ash tray, press lightly on the panel.
To open the rear ash tray, pull it straight out.
To empty the front ash tray (see illustration, center column):
(1) Grasp the removable gray insert on the sides and push it in.
(2) Pull the insert straight up.
Only this insert can be removed for cleaning.
To empty the rear ash tray, pull it out, lift up the rear edge and remove.
pg. 2:18 Steering wheel adjustment
Steering wheel adjustment
Both the height and the reach of the steering wheel can be adjusted to a comfortable position for the
driver. Press down the lever on the left of the steering column. Adjust the steering wheel to a suitable
position and press the lever back into place to lock the steering wheel in the new position. Check that the
steering wheel is locked in the new position.
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WARNING! Never adjust the steering wheel while driving.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 2:19 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning
Heating and air conditioning
Your Volvo is equipped with a heating system combined with air conditioning. Depending on which
function you select, warm or cool/cold air is distributed to the different parts of the passenger
compartment. A slight amount of condensation may be emitted from the air vents when the air
conditioning is initially switched on. This can occur when both humidity and ambient temperature are
high and is normal.
Refrigerant
Volvo cares about the environment. The air conditioning system in your car contains a CFC-free
refrigerant - R134a. This substance will not deplete the ozone layer. The system contains 1.65 lbs (0.75
kg) R134a and uses ZXL 100PG (type PAG) oil.
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Air vents (dash)
A Closed
B Open
C Directing air flow horizontally
D Directing air flow vertically
Air mix (fresh air)
The center panel vents have an air mix function which allows fresh air to enter the passenger
compartment when the vents are open (position B). This function is designed to allow you to direct cool
air toward your face while directing warmer air to the rest of the passenger compartment.
To warm/cool the compartment as quickly as possible, the air mix control should be in the closed
position.
pg. 2:20 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (standard unit)
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Temperature dial
Driver's side
Set desired temperature
Function selector
Set desired function
Temperature dial
Passenger's side
Set desired temperature
Blower
0 = Blower (and A/C) off
4 = Highest blower speed
Air in the passenger compartment recirculates - will not function in defrost setting. The light is ON
when the function is engaged.
The A/C system is ON when the light is ON.
Function selector
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Air through panel vents
Defrost. Air to windshield and side windows.
Air to floor, windshield and side windows.
Air through floor vents.
Bi-level. Air through floor and panel vents.
NOTE: If your windows begin to fog or mist, check that the recirculation function is NOT engaged.
pg. 2:21 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (standard unit) (cont.)
Maximum heating:
Close the center panel vents. When the passenger compartment has become sufficiently warm, set the
blower control to position 2, adjust the temperature and open the side air vents.
Maximum cooling:
Open the vents. The A/C system should be ON.
Adjust the temperature with the temperature selectors to raise the temperature if necessary.
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To demist/defrost the windows:
Set the function selector to
. When the windows have cleared, set the blower control to position 2
and the function selector to the desired position. Always keep the air intake grille at the base of the
windshield under the rear edge of the hood free of snow.
Additional information
The air conditioning system will function best if used regularly (at least once a month).
● Water under the vehicle in hot weather can be the result of condensation from the air conditioning
system and is quite normal.
● The air conditioning system functions only at temperatures above 32° F (0° C).
●
Choose this position if the outside air is contaminated with exhaust gases, smoke, etc. or to heat/
cool the car quickly. In this position, very little air is drawn into the passenger compartment from the
outside. Do not leave the system in this mode for more than 10-15 minutes since the air inside the car
will become stale. The temperature can be controlled with the temperature selectors.
● If the panel vents are open, a certain amount of air will always flow through, regardless of the position
the function selector is in. To increase the flow of air to either the floor or the windows, close the panel
vents. The outer vents can be opened to avoid mist on the side windows.
● The panel vents may emit some condensation when the air conditioning is initially switched on and is
quite normal. This may occur if the ambient temperature and humidity are high.
● The air conditioning is momentarily disengaged during full-throttle acceleration.
●
pg. 2:22 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (Electronic Climate Control) - option
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Temperature dial
Driver's side
Set desired temperature
Function selector
Set desired function
Temperature dial
Passenger's side
Set desired temperature
Blower
AUT=Blower speed automatically regulated.
0 = OFF
Move the knob to the right to increase blower speed.
REC
Air in the passenger compartment recirculates - will not function in defrost setting. The light is ON
when the function is engaged.
AC
The light ON indicates that the A/C is OFF. When the function selector is in the defrost setting, the A/C
system is ON regardless of the button position. The button must be in the AUT position for cooling.
Function selector
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AUT Air distribution automatically regulated
Air through panel vents
Defrost. Air to windshield and side windows. Recirculation will not function regardless of button
position.
Air to floor, windshield and side windows.
Air through floor vents.
Bi-level. Air through floor and panel vents.
NOTE: If your windows begin to fog or mist, check that the recirculation function is NOT engaged.
pg. 2:23 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (Electronic Climate Control) - option (cont.)
Automatic setting
Set the mode selector to AUT and select the desired temperature. If the driver's side temperature selector
is set to either the max heating or max cooling position, the blower will run at its maximum speed.
Optimum defrosting
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Set the function selector to
and move the blower control to the position AUT (as far to the left as
possible). The A/C system will be on at this time regardless of the A/C button's position and the blower
will run at its maximum speed. When the windows have cleared, set the function selector in the AUT
position.
Additional information
The air conditioning system will function best if used regularly (at least once a month).
● Always keep the air intake grille at the base of the windshield under the rear edge of the hood free of
snow.
● Water under the vehicle in hot weather can be the result of condensation from the air conditioning
system and is quite normal.
● The air conditioning is disengaged when the blower is set at 0 and the speed of the vehicle is less than
20 mph (30 kn/h).
● The air conditioning system functions only at temperatures above 32° F (0° C).
● Recirculation (REC): Choose this position if the outside air is contaminated with exhaust gases,
smoke, etc. or to heat/cool the car quickly. In this position, very little air is drawn into the passenger
compartment from the outside. Do not leave the system in this mode for more than 10-15 minutes since
the air inside the car will become stale and condensation will form on the windows.
●
NOTE: To help maintain stable passenger compartment temperature when driving with the sun roof or
windows open, place the blower control in position "0" and adjust the desired temperature manually.
If the panel vents are open, a certain amount of air will always flow through, regardless of the position
the function dial is in. To increase the flow of air to either the floor or the windows, close the panel
vents. The outer vents can be opened to avoid mist on the side windows.
● The panel vents may emit some condensation when the air conditioning is initially switched on and is
quite normal.
This may occur if the ambient temperature and humidity are high.
● The sunlight sensor (located at the top center of the dashboard) should not be covered in any way as
this could cause incorrect information to be sent to the ECC system.
● The air conditioning is momentarily disengaged during full-throttle acceleration.
●
Difficult weather conditions
When driving in very humid conditions, heavy rain, sleet, etc., it may be better to use the manual rather
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than the automatic setting to defrost the windows. Set the mode selector to "Defrost"
floor" and the fan speed to midrange. Also shut the middle air vents.
or "Defrost/
Faults in the ECC system
The REC and AC OFF lights will flash for approximately 20 seconds if a fault is detected in the ECC
system.
If this flashing recurs the next time the system is switched on, the climate control unit should be checked
by an authorized Volvo retailer.
pg. 2:24 Electrically-operated windows
A- Left front, B- right front, C- left rear, D- right rear
Electrically-operated windows
The electrically-operated windows are controlled by switches in the center console as shown in the
illustration above. The starting (ignition) switch must be ON (position II) for the electrically-operated
windows to function. The window is lowered if the rear part of the switch is pressed and raised if the
front part of the switch is pressed.
NOTE: Driver's window only (AUTO): The window can be opened completely by pressing the rear part
of the switch lightly and releasing it immediately. The window can be stopped by pressing the button
again. If the button is held down, the window will be lowered until the button is released.
The power window motors have an overload protecting circuit breaker which is activated when an object
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blocks a window. Should this occur, remove the object and wait 20 seconds for the circuit breaker to
reset. The power windows should then function.
Cut-out switch for electrically-operated rear-door windows
If the car is equipped with electrically-operated rear door windows, this function can be disabled by a
switch located on the center console. This switch is positioned 90° in relation to the other switches.
ON The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the respective door switches as well as with
the switches on the center console.
OFF The rear door windows cannot be raised or lowered with the respective door switches but instead
only with the corresponding switches on the center console.
WARNING! Remove the starting (ignition) key when children are left unattended in the
vehicle.
Make sure that children's hands are clear before raising the windows.
Contents | Top of Page
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Body and interior
pg. 3:1 Body and interior
Body and interior
The seats, sun roof, mirrors, etc. are described on the following pages.
pg. 3:2
Keys
pg. 3:3
Doors and locks
pg. 3:4
Remote keyless entry system
pg. 3:5
Alarm
pg. 3:6-7 Front seats
pg. 3:7
Rear/side view mirrors
pg. 3:8
Interior lights, Vanity mirror
pg. 3:9
Sun roof
pg. 3:10 Hood
pg. 3:11 Storage compartments
pg. 3:12 Child safety locks, Trunk lid
pg. 3:13 Tailgate, Child safety lock
pg. 3:14 Trunk light, Spare tire, Jack
pg. 3:15 Cargo space lighting, Spare tire, Jack (wagon)
pg. 3:16 Folding rear seat (sedan)
pg. 3:17 Folding rear seat (wagon)
pg. 3:18 Removing seat cushions
pg. 3:19 Concealed storage bins (wagon)
pg. 3:20 Luggage net (wagon)
pg. 3:21 Securing cargo
pg. 3:22 Folding front seat, Long load storage
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pg. 3:2 Keys
Master key
This key operates all locks
The key number codes are stamped on a separate tag supplied with the keys. This tag should be
separated from the key ring and kept in a safe place.
An an added anti-theft measure, new keys have been developed which may take slightly longer to copy
or replace if the original keys are misplaced.
Service key
Front doors, starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock
In the event the original keys are lost, duplicates may be ordered from your Volvo retailer. The central
locking system is described in detail in the section "Doors and locks".
pg. 3:3 Doors and Locks
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Doors and locks
Your car is equipped with a two door operated central locking system.
The key, used on either of the front doors, will lock/unlock all doors, trunk/tailgate and on certain
models also the fuel tank cover.
Turn the key once to unlock only the door in which the key is inserted.
Turn the key again (within 10 seconds) to unlock all doors, trunk/tailgate and the fuel tank cover .
One turn with the key towards lock in one of the front doors locks all doors, trunk/tailgate and fuel tank
filler cap.
WARNING! The doors should not be locked while driving. In case of an accident, this may hinder
rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle. (Also see information on "Child safety locks".
Use the switch on the instrument panel to lock/unlock the car from the inside. This button will only
function when the doors are closed.
Check the action of the buttons on the other doors to verify their correct function (lock/unlock). The
driver's door can be locked only by using the key when outside the vehicle. On vehicles equipped with
the optional remote control locking system, refer to the following page.
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To avoid battery drain
The courtesy lights and the warning lights in the rear of the doors come on when a door is opened.
To avoid battery drain when the doors are opened for prolonged periods, these lights can be switched off
by pressing the lock mechanism (A) located in the rear facing side of the driver's door. To retunr the
lights to their normal function, pull the door handle out before closing the door (B).
pg. 3:4 Remote keyless entry system (certain models)
Aim the base of the remote control unit at the car
to get the best range.
Remote keyless entry system
As an option, your car can be equipped with a remote control transmitter. This transmitter uses a radio
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frequency which will allow "keyless" entry into the passenger compartment or the trunk. You will be
supplied with two coded key ring transmitters, which will enable you to lock/unlock all doors and the
trunk/tailgate from a distance of 10-15 feet (3-5 meters).
To lock :
Press the lock button once to lock all doors and trunk/tailgate.
To unlock :
Press the unlock button once to unlock the driver's door only.
Press the unlock button again (within 10 seconds) to unlock all doors, trunk/tailgate and fule tank cover .
On vehicles equipped with an alarm, the alarm will also be activated/deactivated by this system.
As an extra security precaution in certain situations (valet parking, etc.), Volvo recommends that the
transmitter not be included when the keys are given to anyone. The service key can be used instead. If
one of the transmitters is misplaced, contact the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for assistance.
This device complies with the FCC rules Part 15. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device must accept any interference
that may be received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: If only the driver's door is unlocked, the lock will automatically reengage (re-lock) and the alarm
will reset after 30 seconds unless the door has been opened.
If all of the doors were unlocked (by pushing button 2 twice within 10 seconds) and no door/trunk/
tailgate was opened within two minutes, all locks will reengage and the alarm will reset. This is to
prevent the vehicle from being left unlocked if the unlock button is inadvertently pressed.
The lock/unlock and alarm features can also be utilized by using the keys. See section: Doors and Locks
on page 3:2-3.
If the alarm LED glows continuously for 5 seconds, this indicates a fault in the system or that a door is
not properly closed.
WARNING! Volvo does not recommend using the transmitter to lock the doors from inside the car.
On cars equipped with an alarm, the alarm would be activated and would sound when one of the doors
is opened. The doors must not be locked using the remote transmitter while the vehicle is occupied. In
case of an accident, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle. The alarm will also
sound on models equipped with this feature.
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pg. 3:5 Alarm
Alarm (certain models)
To lock : Press the lock button once to lock all doors, trunk/tailgate, fuel tank cover and arm the security
system. Lamps will flash to acknowledge that the vehicle is locked and the security system is armed.
To unlock : Press the unlock button once to unlock the driver's door only and disarm the security system.
Press the unlock button again (within 10 seconds) to unlock all doors, trunk/tailgate and fuel tank cover .
Emergency function
To activate the " panic alarm " function :
Press and hold the lock button for at least three seconds. The car's lights will flash and an alarm will
sound for approximately 30 seconds.
This function can be switched off at any time by pressing either of the buttons.
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Batteries
The remote transmitter is powered by 2 three-volt batteries, type CR 1220. If three short signals are
audible from the transmitter each time you lock/unlock the car, this indicates that the batteries are weak.
Replacement : Remove the battery cover on the back of the transmitter with a coin. Replace the
batteries. Reinstall the cover, making sure it is secured tightly to help protect the transmitter.
Programming a transmitter
If you purchase additional transmitters (max. 4), they must be programmed to function with your alarm/
remote keyless entry system. To do this:
Make sure all doors, hood and trunk/tailgate are closed.
● Turn the ignition on and off 5 times within 10 seconds. On the fifth try, leave the ignition on.
● Press either button on the transmitter.
NOTE: The first transmitter must be programmed within 15 seconds, the others within 10 second
intervals. When the alarm system accepts the codes from each transmitter, the LED on the dash will
glow steadily for several seconds.
● Switch the ignition off and test the transmitter(s).
●
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 3:6 Front seats
1 Height adjustment (manual)
The front section of both front seats can be adjusted to eight different height settings and the rear section
of both seats can be adjusted to nine different height settings.
Lever forward = adjustment of front section
Lever rearward = adjustment of rear section
WARNING! Do not adjust the seat while driving. The seat should be adjusted so that the brake pedal
can be depressed fully. In addition, position the seat as far rearward as comfort and control allow. The
seat rails on the floor must not be obstructed in any way when the seat is moved.
2 Forward-rearward seat adjustment (manual)
Pull the control upward, then slide the seat forward or rearward to the desired position. Make sure that
the seat is properly secured when you release the control.
Folding front seat
The passenger's seat backrest has a quick forward release mechanism which can be used when long
loads are carried. See page 3:22.
3 Backrest angle (manual)
Rotate the control counterclockwise to tilt the backrest rearward and clockwise to tilt the backrest
forward.
4 Lumbar support *
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Firm: turn clockwise
Soft: turn counter-clockwise.
* Driver's seat only on certain models
Electrically operated seats with memory function (certain models)
Power seat control panel
A Seat front (raise/lower)
B Forward - rearward
C Seat rear (raise/lower)
D Backrest tilt
WARNING! The power seats are operable with the ignition OFF. Therefore, children should never be
left unattended in the car.
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Movement of the seat can be STOPPED at any time by pressing any button on the power seat control
panel.
Refer to the following page for information on programming the memory function.
pg. 3:7 Electrically operated driver's seat, Rear/side-view mirrors
Programming the memory
Three seat positions can be programmed. To program a seat position:
1 Adjust the seat to the desired position.
2 Depress the MEM button.
3 Press button 1 to program the current position of the seat.
Buttons 2 and 3 can be programmed in the same way. To move the seat to a programmed position,
depress button 1, 2 or 3 until the seat stops. If the button is released before the seat has the reached the
programmed position, it will stop as a safety precaution.
NOTE: The seat has an overload protector which engages if an object blocks the movement of the seat.
If this happens, remove the object and wait 20 seconds before operating the seat again.
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Rear-view mirror
A Normal position
B Night position, reduces glare from following headlights
Electrically operated side-view mirrors
The control switches are located in the center console, beside the parking brake.
A Lateral adjustment
B Vertical adjustment
CAUTION : Never use ice scrapers made of metal as they can easily scratch the mirror
surface.
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WARNING! The mirrors should always be adjusted prior to driving. Objects seen in the wide-angle
right side-view mirror are closer than they appear to be.
pg. 3:8 Interior lights, Vanity mirror
Front courtesy lights
The front courtesy lighting consists of two reading lights for the front seat occupants.
Front and rear reading lights always on
0 Front and rear reading lights always off
Front and rear reading lights come on when a door is opened
Left or right reading light illuminates if the center switch is in position
.
The courtesy lights remain illuminated for 30 seconds after the doors have been closed but will be
switched off if the ignition is turned on or the doors are locked.
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Reading lights, rear seat
There are two reading lights for the rear seat passengers. These are turned on/off by using the adjacent
switches.
Light is on if the front switch is in position
Light turns on if any door is opened.
.
Vanity mirrors
The light illuminates when the cover is opened.
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pg. 3:9 Sun roof (option)
Electrically-operated sun roof
The switch for operating the sun roof is located on the instrument panel. The starting (ignition) key must
first be turned to the drive position. On certain models, the sun roof is equipped with a one-touch,
AUTO-open function.
AUTO-open: Press the lower section of the switch once to automatically open the sun roof to the
"comfort position"*. Press again to open the sun roof completely. The AUTO-open function can be
stopped at any time by pressing the switch.
● To close the sun-roof : Depress the upper section of the switch until the sun roof has closed
completely .
● To open the rear edge of the sun roof (ventilation position) : With the sun roof closed, depress the
upper section of the switch. To close, depress the lower section of the switch until the sun roof has
closed completely.
●
A- Ventilation position
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To slide open the sun roof: Depress the lower section of the switch until the sun roof has opened to
the position you prefer or hold the switch until the sun roof reaches the "comfort position"*. Depress the
lower section of the switch again to open the sun roof completely.
●
B- Sliding sun roof
* A position where the sun roof is not quite fully open. This position helps alleviate "rumbling" wind
noise.
Sun visor: The sun roof also features a sliding sun visor. The visor slides back automatically when the
sun roof is opened and also slides back slightly when the sun roof is opened to the ventilation position.
The visor must be closed manually.
CAUTION: Do not close the sun visor when the sun roof is in the ventilation position as this could
damage the mechanism.
NOTE:
The electrically-operated sun roof has an overload protecting circuit breaker (fuse no. 37) which is
activated when an object blocks the sun roof. Should this occur, remove the object and wait 20 seconds
for the circuit breaker to reset. The sun roof should then function normally. Also check fuse no. 35.
●
WARNING! The sun roof must never be obstructed in any way when in
operation.
pg. 3:10 Hood
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To open the hood
Pull the lever located under the left side of the dash to release both hood catches. This also releases and
exposes the safety handle in the front of the grille.
● Lift the hood slightly to expose the safety handle.
● Pull the safety handle and open the hood.
Do not lift the hood using the safety handle.
WARNING! Check that the hood locks properly when
closed.
The hood normally opens to an angle of 57°. The hood can be opened to the vertical position by rotating
the hinge catches (see illustrations). The catches will return to their normal positions when the hood is
closed. Ensure adequate clearance in low-roof garages to avoid damaging the hood.
pg. 3:11 Storage compartments
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1 Compartment in center console (certain models)
2 Glove compartment
3 Compartment in armrest (certain models)
4 Compartment in door
5 Compartment beside front seat (certain models)
6 Compartment between front seats
7 Pocket on rear of front seat
8 Pocket on rear of front seat
9 Cup holder (certain models)
WARNING! Packages on the rear window shelf can obscure vision and may become dangerous
projectiles in the event of a sudden stop or an accident.
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Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 3:12 Child safety locks, Trunk lid (sedan)
Child safety locks
The controls are located on the rear door jams.
A The door cannot be opened from the inside. Normal operation from outside.
B The door lock functions normally.
WARNING! Remember, in the event of an accident, the rear seat passengers cannot open the doors
from the inside with the buttons in position A.
Trunk lid
The trunk lock is incorporated in the central locking system. This means that you can either lock or
unlock the trunk by means of either of the front doors.
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You can also operate the trunk lock directly with the master key even if the vehicle is centrally locked.
The trunk can also be disconnected from the central locking system by turning the key counterclockwise
as shown below:
Withdraw the key in the horizontal position.
The trunk is now always locked. The optional folding rear seatback can also be locked from the trunk
(see page 3:16). This feature can be used for example, if you lend your car to someone. If you give only
the service key to the driver it will not be possible to gain access to the trunk. Please be aware that this
setting may preclude access to the spare tire and jack.
To reconnect the lock to the central locking system:
Withdraw the key in the vertical position
pg. 3:13 Tailgate, Child safety lock (wagon)
Opening the tailgate
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Tailgate
To unlock - fold down the flap covering the lock (see inset illustration above) insert the key, turn it
clockwise and allow it to spring back.
To lock - turn the key counter-clockwise and allow it to spring back.
NOTE: The tailgate is also unlocked and locked at the same time as either of the front doors.
Opening from the inside
To open the tailgate from the inside of the vehicle move the lever to the right and push outwards.
The handle can be used to pull the tailgate closed from the inside.
WARNING! Do not drive with the tailgate open! Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the open
tailgate.
Location and setting of child safety lock
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Child safety lock
The tailgate incorporates a safety catch which is located to the side of the lock.
A the tailgate cannot be opened from the inside.
B the tailgate functions normally
NOTE: You must use the end of a key, screwdriver, etc. to move the child safety lock.
WARNING! Remember, in the event of an accident, the tailgate cannot be opened from the inside
when the safety catch is in position A.
pg. 3:14 Trunk light, Spare tire, Jack (sedan)
Trunk light
A Light always off.
B Light is on when trunk lid is opened.
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Spare tire
The spare tire is located under the carpet in a special well under the floor of the trunk. The jack is placed
inside the wheel rim. Make sure that the jack is properly secured in this position after use (see
illustration).
NOTE: See pages 6:2-6:3 for information on how the jack should be used.
pg. 3:15 Cargo space lighting, Spare tire, Jack (wagon)
Cargo space lighting
There is an extra courtesy light at the rear of the cargo space.
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1 The light is always OFF
2 Light comes on when the tailgate is opened
Spare tire and jack
The spare tire and the jack are located beneath the floor mat in the large storage bin. Always secure the
spare tire and the jack to prevent them from rattling (see illustration).
NOTE: See pages 6:2-6:3 for information on how the jack should be used.
pg. 3:16 Folding rear seat (sedan)
Locking levers
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Folding rear seat
The rear seat is split into two sections so that each section can be folded independently.
Lift the rear seat belts to the fixed section of the backrest. The center seat belt can also be folded
across the fixed part of the backrest so that it does not get in the way if the right-hand backrest is folded
down (see illustration above).
● Pull the catch forward and fold the backrest down.
The two red levers on the rear side of the backrests can be used to bypass the folding mechanism and
prevent the backrests from being folded down from inside the car. Push the levers down to lock
backrests in the upright position. This function can be used to limit access to the trunk.
● When folding the backrests up, make sure the seat belts return to their normal positions.
●
WARNING! When the backrest is returned to the upright position, check that it is properly locked in
place.
NOTE: If the backrest is folded down for prolonged periods, the seat belt locks could be covered (i.e.,
with a towel) to help avoid marks on the backrest upholstery.
pg. 3:17 Folding rear seat (wagon)
Seat cushion strap Release lever - backrest Hooks fit into holes
Folding rear seat (wagon)
The rear seat is split into two sections so that each section can be folded independently.
● Straighten front seat backrests if they are tilted too far to the rear.
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Pull the strap to lift the rear seat cushion and swing the cushion up and toward the back of the front
seats.
● The outboard head restraints must be lowered before the backrest is folded down (see inset illustration
above):
1 - pull straight up, 2 - fold forward
● Push the center head restraint straight down if it has been raised.
● Move the backrest release lever rearward and fold the backrest down.
● Check that the hooks under the seat cushions engage the holes on the top edge of the backrest.
When the backrest is raised, the outboard head restraints must be returned to their normal position.
The backrest must lock into place. The red lock indicator will not be visible if the seat has locked into
place correctly.
The seat belts must be correctly positioned when the seat is returned to the normal position.
●
WARNING! When the rear seat is folded down, do not place heavy objects against the backs of the
front seats. This places a severe strain on the folded down backrest of the rear seat. Be sure to secure
cargo. Cargo must not be stacked higher than the top of seatbacks. This will reduce the possibility of
luggage, etc. becoming projectiles during sudden maneuvers, rapid braking or an accident.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 3:18 Folding rear seat, Removing seat cushions (wagon)
WARNING! The red lock indicator is VISIBLE (A) when the backrest is NOT locked in position and
not visible (B) when the backrest is correctly locked in place. When the backrest is in the upright
position, it must always be correctly locked in place.
Removing seat cushions
The seat cushion can be easily removed to provide a slightly larger cargo storage area.
●
●
●
●
●
Fold the seat cushion toward the back of the front seats
Release the red catches
Disconnect the connector for the rear seat heating (certain models)
Fold the cushion back to a nearly horizontal position.
Lift out the cushion
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WARNING! Do not place extremely heavy articles against the front seats, as the backrest which is
folded down is then placed under severe strain.
Be sure to secure cargo. Hard and sharp articles could otherwise damage the frontseat backrest and/or
cause injury to passengers in the event of rapid braking or a collision.
pg. 3:19 Concealed storage bin (wagon)
The lid of the storage compartment is hinged in the middle
Concealed storage bin
The storage compartment under the floor of the cargo space is hinged in the middle and can be locked
with a key.
pg. 3:20 Luggage net - wagons (certain models)
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Luggage net
The luggage net helps prevent cargo from being thrown forward should the vehicle stop suddenly or be
involved in an accident.
The luggage net unreels from the rear upper edge of the rear seat backrest.
The luggage net must be accessed from the cargo storage area.
1 Open the cover on the passenger side seat back and pull the luggage net toward you.
2 Hook the rod onto the bracket on the right side ceiling.
3 Pull out the left side of the rod and attach it to the bracket on the driver's side ceiling.
4 Unreel the driver's side luggage net.
5 Hook it to the rod.
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6 Make sure the nets are securely attached to the hooks under the covers and pulled taut.
Use the reverse procedure to retract the net.
The luggage net can also be used when the rear seat is folded down. However, extra brackets (optional)
must be installed on the upper front door hand grips.
pg. 3:21 Securing cargo
Eyelets in trunk (sedans) Eyelets inside car (sedans/wagons)
Securing cargo
As a safety precaution, your car is equipped with four eyelets (six on wagons) to which straps can be
attached to secure luggage.
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WARNING! The eyelets are not to be used as passenger restraints or as anchorages for child restraints.
See page 1:9.
Wagons only:
Unless the station wagon is equipped with Volvo's auxiliary seat for children (option), passengers
should not ride in the rear cargo area.
Wagons only:
If the optional auxiliary seat for children is in use, fold this seat down before folding down the rear seat
backrest.
Eyelets in cargo area (wagons)
pg. 3:22 Folding front seat (sedans/wagons), Long load storage (sedans)
Folding front seat (certain models)
The passenger seat backrest can be folded down to the horizontal position for carrying long loads. To
fold down the backrest:
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●
●
●
●
●
Move the seat as far rearward as possible.
Adjust the backrest tilt to the most upright position
Lift the catches on the lower rear side of the backrest
Without releasing the catches, push the backrest forward
Move the seat as far forward as possible.
WARNING! Cover sharp edges on the load to help prevent injury to occupants. Secure the load to
help prevent shifting during sudden stops.
Long load storage (sedans)
There is a flap located in the panel behind the rear seat which makes it possible to carry long loads such
as skis, etc. To open, pull the strap forward.
Protective covers (for skis) should be used to avoid soiling or tearing the upholstery. Please note that the
flap in the rear seat is only intended for light loads such as skis, carpets, etc.
Max. length: 6 1/2 ft (2 meters) Max. weight: 55 lbs (25 kg)
WARNING! Always turn the engine off and apply parking brake when loading/unloading the vehicle.
Place the transmission in the P (PARK) position to help prevent inadvertent movement of the gear
selector.
Contents | Top of Page
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Starting and driving
pg. 4:1 Starting and driving
Starting and driving
This section on starting and driving contains items such as starting the engine, operating the gear
selector, towing, trailers, etc.
pg. 4:2
Break-in period
pg. 4:2-3 Fuel requirements, Refueling
pg. 4:4
Driving economy
pg. 4:5
Starting the engine
pg. 4:6
Manual transmission
pg. 4:7
Automatic transmission
pg. 4:10 Points to remember
pg. 4:12 Emergency towing
pg. 4:13 Vehicle towing information
pg. 4:14 Starting with an auxiliary battery (jump starting)
pg. 4:15 Three-way catalytic converter
pg. 4:16 Brake system, ABS
pg. 4:17 Trailer towing
pg. 4:18 Winter driving
pg. 4:19 Long distance trips
pg. 4:2 Break-in period, Fuel requirements
A new car should be broken-in
Refrain from utilizing your car's full driving potential during the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km) including
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the "kick-down" function (automatic transmission).
NOTE - ENGINE OIL:
Although some oil consumption occurs during normal engine operation, more oil is consumed when the
engine is new as the internal parts generate higher friction while wearing-in to each other. From the time
the engine is new until the first service is performed, the oil consumption could be higher than normal.
For this reason, it is especially important to check the oil every time you refuel your car during this
period. See page 8:10.
In general, the rate of oil consumption depends on such factors as: engine temperature, length of trip,
driving conditions, oil viscosity and quality, engine speed and acceleration/deceleration.
Checking your engine oil level each time the car is refueled is one of the most important items you can
perform to help keep your car in good running order.
Manual transmission
The following speeds should not be exceeded during the break-in period:
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
4th gear
5th gear/
overdrive
Up to 600 miles
(1000 km)
20 mph (30 km/h)
30 mph (50 km/h)
600 - 1,200 miles
(1000 - 2000 km)
25 mph (40 km/h)
40 mph (70 km/h)
65 mph (100 km/
45 mph (80 km/h)
h)
70 mph (110 km/ 80 mph (130 km/
h)
h)
80 mph (130 km/ 95 mph (150 km/
h)
h)
Posted speed limits should not be exceeded.
Deposit control gasoline
Volvo recommends the use of gasoline containing deposit control additives. These additives have shown
to be efficient in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines
will help ensure good driveability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains
deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.
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Unleaded Fuel
Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and Canadian
regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labeled "UNLEADED". Only these
pumps have nozzles which fit your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle
labeled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter and the
heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the
emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle
inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure
for misfueled vehicles.
NOTE: Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT). If such fuels are used, your Emission Control System
performance may be affected, and the Malfunction Indicator Lamp located on your instrument panel
may light. If this occurs, please return your vehicle to an authorized Volvo retailer for service.
pg. 4:3 Fuel requirements, Refueling
Octane Rating
Volvo engines are designed for optimum performance on unleaded premium gasoline with an octane
rating. AKI of 91, or above. AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane
Number, RON, and the Motor Octane Number, MON, (RON + MON/ 2).
The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).
Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers
"Oxygenated fuels"
Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some
areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohol or ethers.
However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol
or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator.
To meet seasonal air quality restrictions, some states require the use of "oxygenated" fuel in certain
areas.
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Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on this page
must still be met.
Alcohol — Ethanol
Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used.
Ethanol may also be referred to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".
Ethers — MTBE
Fuels containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.
Refueling
The fuel filler cap is located inside the fuel tank cover on the right rear fender.
NOTE: All doors must be unlocked before the fuel tank cover can be opened.
Open fuel filler cap slowly during hot weather conditions.
When filling, hang the cap on the special bracket on the door.
NOTE: Turn the ignition off or to position I when refueling. If the ignition is on, an incorrect reading
could occur in the fuel gauge (low fuel level will be indicated).
After filling the tank, install the cap and turn until a "click" is heard.
The fuel tank is designed to hold approximately 19.3 US gal. (73 liters) with sufficient volume left over
to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather. Be aware that the "usable" tank will be
somewhat less than the specified maximum. When the fuel level is low, such factors as ambient
temperature, the fuel's "vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can affect the fuel pumps' ability to
supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is advisable to refuel as soon as possible
when the needle nears the red zone, or when the fuel warning light comes on.
CAUTION: Do not refuel with the engine running. After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by turning
it clockwise until it clicks into place.
NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the
Malfunction Indicator Lamp may indicate a fault. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.
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CAUTION: Take care not to spill gasoline during refueling. Gasolines containing alcohol can cause
damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Do not use gasoline containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in
vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may
not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
pg. 4:4 Driving economy
Economical driving does not necessarily mean driving slowly
Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and
adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:
Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on
the accelerator pedal for the first few minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject
to increased wear.
● Whenever possible, avoid using the car for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to
reach normal operating temperature.
● Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.
● Do not exceed speed limit.
● Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the car.
● Check tire pressure regularly (check when tires are cold).
● Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.
● Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase air resistance and thereby fuel consumption.
● Avoid using automatic transmission kick-down feature unless necessary.
● Avoid using the air conditioning when it is not required. When engaged, the air conditioner's
compressor places an additional load on the engine. However, please note that fuel consumption is lower
with the air conditioning on than it is when driving with the air conditioning switched off and the
windows down.
● If your car is equipped with the optional Trip Computer, utilizing the fuel consumption modes can
help you "learn" how to drive more economically.
●
Other factors which decrease gas mileage are:
● Low tire pressure
● Worn or dirty spark plugs
● Incorrect spark plug gap
● Dirty air cleaner
● Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter
● Dragging brakes
● Incorrect front end alignment
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Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard Maintenance Service
intervals.
NOTE: ( D )rive or 5th gear (manual transmissions) should be used as often as possible to help improve
fuel economy.
pg. 4:5 Starting the engine
Starting and stopping
1. Fasten the seat belt.
WARNING! Before starting, check that the seat and steering wheel are adjusted properly. Make sure
the brake pedal can be depressed completely. Move the seat closer if necessary. Refer to section "front
seats".
2. Apply the parking brake, if not already set. The gear selector ( automatic transmission ) is locked in
the ( P )ark position (SHIFT LOCK) .
3. Without touching the accelerator pedal , turn the ignition key to the starting position. Allow the starter
to operate for 5 seconds (turbo: 10 seconds). Release the key as soon as the engine starts. If the engine
fails to start, repeat step 3.
For cold starts at altitudes above 6000 ft (1800 meters), depress the accelerator pedal halfway and turn
the key to the starting position. Release the pedal slowly when the engine starts.
4. To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position (automatic transmission), the ignition key must
be in position II and the brake pedal must be depressed. See page 6:18 for instructions on manually
overriding the SHIFTLOCK system.
Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricating points fast
enough to prevent engine damage.
NOTE: (Automatic transmission only) Your car is equipped with a KEYLOCK system. When the
engine is switched off, the gear selector must be in the ( P )ark position before the starting key can be
removed from the ignition switch.
5. Select desired gear. The gear engages after a slight delay (automatic transmission) which is especially
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noticeable when selecting R.
CAUTION: (Automatic transmission only) The engine should be idling; never accelerate until after
you feel the gear engage! Too-rapid acceleration immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh
engagement and premature transmission wear.
NOTE: Selecting P or N (automatic transmission) when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of
time will help prevent overheating of transmission oil.
WARNING! Always place the gear selector (automatic transmission) in Park and apply the parking
brake before leaving the vehicle. Never leave car unattended with the engine running.
Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate
ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very
poisonous.
TURBO CAUTION:
Never race the engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricated points fast
enough to prevent engine damage.
Do not race the engine just prior to switching off!
Hydraulic valve lifters
This engine features hydraulic valve lifters which means that valve clearance is adjusted automatically.
It is possible that the valve lifters will produce a ticking sound for the first few seconds after the engine
is started, while the oil pressure is increasing.
If the car has not been used for a long period of time, this ticking sound may last for up to 15 minutes.
This is entirely normal.
Do not exceed 3000rpm until the ticking sound disappears.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 4:6 Manual transmission
Shift positions
Depress the clutch pedal completely when changing gears.
Remove your foot from the clutch pedal while driving.
Overdrive (5th gear) should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. This gear can be
engaged at speeds above approx. 50 mph (80 km/h).
CAUTION: Follow the shift pattern indicated on the gear shift knob when shifting up (e.g. do not shift
directly from 2nd to 5th gear) to help avoid excessive wear on the transmission.
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Engaging reverse gear
The gear lever must first be moved to neutral in order to engage reverse gear.
CAUTION: Be careful that you do not inadvertently engage reverse while moving
forward.
pg. 4:7 Automatic transmission
P (Park)
Use this position when starting the engine or parking the car.
Never use P while car is in motion.
The parking brake should also be used when parking on grades.
The gear selector is mechanically locked in the P position (SHIFT LOCK).
To release the selector, start the engine and depress the brake pedal. If it is necessary to manually release
the gear selector, see page 6:18 for instructions.
WARNING! Never leave the car when the engine is running. If, by mistake, the gear selector is moved
from P, the car may start moving.
R (Reverse)
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Never engage R while is moving forward.
N (Neutral)
Neutral = no gear engaged. Use the parking brake. The engine can be started with the gear selector in
this position.
D (Drive)
D is the normal driving position and should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy.
When modes E or S are selected, upshift and downshift of the forward gears occur automatically and are
governed by accelerator pedal position and vehicle speed.
CAUTION:
Never select P or R while the car is in motion.
● When initially selecting positions D, 3, L or R, your right foot should press firmly on the brake
pedal to ensure that the car is standing still with the engine idling.
● The gear selector should not be downshifted to L at speeds above 75 mph (125 km/h). *
* Always observe posted speed limits!
●
3 (Intermediate position)
Automatically shifts up and down between 1st, 2nd, and 3rd gears when in driving modes E or S. There
is no upshift from 3rd gear. Position 3 can be used for driving in hilly terrain, for towing trailers or for
increased engine braking power.
L (Low position)
No upshift can occur when L is engaged. Select position L for driving in first and second gears. Use this
position to select low gear with no upshift, e.g. when ascending and descending steep grades. The
transmission will noticeably shift down from second to first if road speed drops to below 40 km/h (25
mph) when driving in E Mode and below 10 km/h (6 mph) in S Mode.
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Kick-down
Automatic shift to a lower gear (kick-down) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and
briskly. An upshift will be achieved when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing
the accelerator pedal slightly. Kick-down can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at
highway speeds.
"Lock-up"
The transmission has a "lock-up" function which reduces engine speed and saves fuel. "Lock-up" can
sometimes be felt as an additional gear change.
pg. 4:8 Automatic transmission (cont.)
Shift gate positions
The gear selector can be moved freely between N and D. Selections of other positions are obtained by
depressing the selector knob prior to moving the selector.
Slightly depressing the selector knob allows selection of positions R, N, D, 3 and L. Fully depressing the
selector knob allows selection of position P. This is also necessary when initially bringing the selector
out of position P. Fully depressing the selector knob permits shifting freely between all positions.
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Mode selector
The push-buttons to the left of the gear lever are for selection of modes. E, S, and W. The desired mode
can be selected at any time, including while the car is moving.
Winter/Wet mode
Enhanced Vehicle Traction
This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.
In this mode:
* In position D, the gearbox starts in 3rd gear and changes up to 4th gear.
* In position 3, 2nd gear is locked and there is no change up to 3rd gear.
In position L, 1st gear is locked.
* These positions always offer the kick-down function.
lights up when this mode is selected (the lamp will also
The indicator lamp in the instrument panel
light up if the gear selector is in position 3 or L). Press button WINTER in order to disengage this mode.
When this mode is disengaged, the gearbox automatically reverts to the previously selected mode (S or
begins to flash, this is an indication of a fault in the automatic gearbox. The
E). If the indicator lamp
Malfunction Indicator lamp will also light up if a fault is detected. If the transmission does not shift
properly, place the gear selector in position L. Please contact your Volvo retailer if this occurs.
CAUTION: Driveability and fuel economy will be adversely affected by prolonged driving in Winter/
Wet mode . Volvo recommends using this mode only when starting in extremely slippery conditions.
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Economy Mode
This mode is used for normal driving. The gearbox changes gears at a lower engine speed to achieve the
best possible fuel consumption.
Sport Mode
This mode is adapted to "sporty" driving characteristics. The transmission upshifts at higher engine
speeds and less accelerator pedal pressure is required to initiate a downshift.
pg. 4:9 Automatic transmission (cont.)
Special tips - automatic transmission
For driving down steep hills and when driving for prolonged periods at low speeds, position L should
be selected. Avoid, however, repeated changes since this can cause overheating of the transmission oil.
For driving on long continuous uphill gradients, select position 3.
●
●
Never select P or R while the car is in motion.
When initially selecting positions D, 3, L or R, your right foot should press firmly on the brake pedal
to ensure that the car is standing still with the engine idling.
●
The gear selector should not be downshifted to L at speeds above 75 mph (125 km/h). Always
observe posted speed limits.
●
Do not hold the car stationary on an incline by using the accelerator pedal. Instead, apply the hand
brake (parking brake). This prevents the transmission oil from becoming overheated.
●
●
When towing a trailer, select shift position 3.
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●
The (E)conomy mode should be selected when the cruise control is engaged.
While towing a trailer in hilly terrain, do not drive continuously at engine speeds above 4500 rpm to
help avoid high engine oil temperatures.
●
pg. 4:10 Points to remember
Cooling system
The risk for engine overheating is greatest, especially in hot weather, when:
● towing a trailer up steep inclines for prolonged periods at wide open throttle and low engine rpm.
● stopping the engine suddenly after high speed driving (so-called "after-boiling" can occur).
● To avoid overheating, the following rules should be followed:
● Do not drive for prolonged periods at engine speeds above 4500 rpm if you are towing a trailer in
hilly terrain,
● Reduce speed and downshift when towing a trailer up long, steep inclines. The risk of overheating can
be reduced by switching off the air conditioning system for a short time.
● Do not let the engine idle unnecessarily for prolonged periods.
● Do not mount auxiliary lamps in front of the grill.
When the risk of overheating is imminent, or in the event of overheating (the temperature gauge goes
repeatedly into, or stays continually in, the red section), the following precautions should be taken:
● Switch off the air conditioning system.
● Stop the car and put the gear lever into neutral. Do not stop the engine!
● Switch the heater to full (maximum) position. Increase the engine speed to approx. 2000 rpm (twice
idling speed) until the temperature begins to drop.
WARNING! Do not remove coolant expansion tank
cap.
See "Coolant" to check and top-up the coolant level if necessary.
CAUTION: Drive slowly and carefully if going through standing water (i.e. flooded roadways, etc.)
Damage to engine could result if excess water is ingested through the air intake system.
Never drive the vehicle in water deeper than 1 foot (300 mm). See flood warning on page 1:7.
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WARNING! Do not drive with trunk lid or tailgate open! Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the
open trunk lid or tailgate.
If the trunk lid/tailgate must be kept open for any reason, proceed as follows:
- Close the windows.
- Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and blower
control to its highest setting.
Electrical system
When replacing the battery or when carrying out work involving the electrical system, the following
should be observed:
● A battery connection to the wrong terminal will damage the diodes. Before connections are made,
check the polarity of the battery with a voltmeter.
● If booster batteries are used for starting, they must be properly connected to minimize the risk of the
diode being damaged. For correct connection, see "Jump starting" section.
● Never disconnect the battery circuit (for example, to replace the battery) while the engine is running,
as this will immediately ruin the generator. Always make sure that all the battery connections are
properly tightened.
● If any electrical welding work is performed on the vehicle, the battery's ground lead (negative cable)
and all the connecting cables of the generator must be disconnected and the welder cables placed as near
the welding points as possible.
● The radio must be turned off before the battery is disconnected.
● The anti-theft code must be re-entered before the radio will function properly.
● The electrical system in your car is designed to accomodate Volvo accessories. It also has an
accessory connector located beneath the dashboard on the driver's side.
pg. 4:11 Points to remember (cont.)
Weight distribution affects handling
At the specified curb weight your car has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel
has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good
stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the
vehicle load. The heavier the load in the trunk (max. 220 lbs, 100 kg), the less the tendency to
understeer.
Handling, roadholding
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Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires
are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See "Tire pressure" section.
Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not
exceeded.
WARNING! It is recommended that tire of the same make and dimensions be used on all four wheels
(including the use of snow tires). Do not use bias ply tires as this will adversely alter vehicle handling
characteristics.
Holes for roof rack
Roof rail/racks
Roof racks are available as Volvo accessories. Observe the following points when in use:
● Avoid single-point loads. Distribute the load evenly.
● Place heavier cargo at the bottom of the load.
● Observe that the center of gravity and handling are influenced by load weight.
● Increasing load size increases wind resistance and thus adversely affects fuel economy.
● Anchor the cargo correctly with appropriate tie-down equipment.
● Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, fast cornering and hard braking.
● Max. roof load is 220 lbs (100 kg) when Volvo approved removable roof racks are attached to the
points indicated in the illustration. For permanent roof racks, check the manufacturer's weight
specifications.
WARNING! An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal to catch. Check that the
movement of the accelerator pedal is not impeded. Not more than one protective floor covering may be
used at one time.
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Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 4:12 Emergency towing (pulling of vehicle)
Front eyelet Rear eyelet
Precautionary steps to observe when the car is in tow
Steering must be unlocked.
● Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being
towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device,
lighting, etc.
● Remember that power brake and power steering assists will not be available when engine is
inoperative. Brake pedal pressure required is 3 - 4 times above normal and greater steering effort must
be exerted.
Automatic transmissions only:
● Gear selector in position N. Check transmission oil level (see section titled "Transmission oil".
● Maximum speed: 20 mph (30 km/h).
● Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: 20 miles (30 km).
● If the battery is dead, it is not possible to release the gear selector by pressing the brake pedal. Release
the gear selector manually, by pressing the OVERRIDE button near the base of the gear selector.
●
CAUTION: The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling another vehicle out of a ditch or any
similar purpose involving severe strain.
Do not attempt to start the car by pushing or pulling it as damage to the three-way catalytic converter
can result.
pg. 4:13 Vehicle towing information
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Only use flat bed equipment *
CAUTION:
Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.
● It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside
the rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.
●
The car should be towed with the rear wheels on the ground, if at all possible. If it is absolutely
necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground, please refer to the towing information
on the previous page.
* If wheel lift equipment must be used, please use extreme caution to help avoid damage to the car.
WARNING!
Do not use the towing eyelets on the car to pull the car up on to a flat bed tow
truck.
pg. 4:14 Jump starting
Jump starting
If the booster battery to be used is in another car, check that the cars are not touching to prevent
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premature completion of a negative circuit. Note the position of the battery terminals and using jumper
cables:
● First connect the booster battery positive (+) terminal (1) to car battery positive (+) terminal (2).
● Then connect booster battery negative (-) terminal (3) to a stationary solid metal part on the engine at
a point away from the battery (4).
Do not connect the jumper cable to any part of the fuel system or to any moving parts. Avoid touching
hot manifolds.
After the engine has started, first remove the negative (-) terminal jumper cable. Then remove the
positive (+) terminal jumper cable.
CAUTION: Improper hook-up of jumper cables or use of other than 12-volt batteries could result in
damage to equipment and/or the battery.
WARNING!
To reduce the possibility of explosion, never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
● Do not smoke near the battery.
● Batteries generate hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
● Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow the battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or
painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical
help immediately if eyes are affected.
Failure to follow the instructions for jump starting can lead to personal injury.
●
pg. 4:15 Three-way catalytic converter
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Three-way catalytic converter cautions
Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical,
fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter
temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of
power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned
engine will help avoid malfunctions that could damage the three-way catalytic converter.
● Do not park your car over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact
with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather
conditions.
● Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), with an intermittently firing or flooded engine,
can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.
● Remember that tampering or unauthorized modification to the engine or the vehicle may be illegal
and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes:
- Altering fuel injection setting or components.
- Altering emission system components or location or removing components.
- Repeated use of leaded fuel.
●
NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with three-way catalytic converters.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 4:16 Brake system
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will
however function) and the vehicle should be driven cautiously to a Volvo retailer for inspection. The
Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during severe
braking conditions by limiting brake lock-up. When the system "senses" impending lock-up, braking
pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lockup, which could lead to a skid.
The system performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle first reaches a speed of approximately 12
mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from the ABS
control module. This is normal.
To obtain optimal effect from the ABS system, constant pressure should be kept on the brake pedal
while the system is modulating the brakes. Do not pump the brake pedal.
The switching of the ABS modulator will be audible and the brake pedal will pulsate at this time. Please
be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of the vehicle. While control will be
enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.
Brake circuit malfunction
If one of the brake circuits should malfunction, the red warning light will come on, the pedal stroke
increases slightly, the pedal feels softer and extra pressure is required for normal braking. If the light
comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.
WARNING! If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT
DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo retailer and have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.
Moisture on brake discs and brake pads affects braking
Driving in rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash can cause water to collect on the
brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid
such a delay when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving through rain,
slush etc. This will remove the water from the brakes. Check that brake application feels normal. This
should also be done after washing or starting in very damp or cold weather.
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Severe strain on the brake system
The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas or towing. The speed
is usually low which means that the cooling of the brakes is less efficient than when driving on level
roads. To reduce the strain on the brakes, it is advisable not to use the brakes excessively. Instead, shift
into a lower gear, position 3 or in some cases, L (automatic transmission) and let the engine help with
the braking. Do not forget that, if you are towing a trailer, the brakes will be subjected to greater load
than is normal.
If the brake power-assist does not function
The power assist to the brakes functions only when the engine is running. When the car is moving
without the engine running the brake pedal pressure required to stop the car is increased by 3-4 times
and the brake pedal feels stiff.
pg. 4:17 Trailer towing
When preparing for trailer towing, observe the following:
Volvo recommends the use of Volvo trailer hitches which are specially designed for the car. For
trailer weights exceeding 2000 lbs (908 kg), use only a trailer hitch offered as a Genuine Volvo
accessory.
●
NOTE: Models with automatic transmission are equipped with a transmission oil cooler as standard
equipment. This cooler helps prevent overheating of the transmission during times of increased load, as
when towing a trailer.
Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is:
● Trailers without brakes : 1100 lbs (500kg)
● Trailers with brakes: 2" (50 mm) ball - 3300 lbs (1500 kg), 1 7/8" (47 mm) ball - 2000 lbs (908 kg).
Observe the legal requirements of the state/province in which the vehicles are registered. All Volvo
models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should
not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.
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Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:
● Increase tire pressure to recommended full. See section "Wheels and tires".
● Recommended hitch tongue load is 110 (50 kg) for trailer weights below 2,650 lbs (1,200 kg) and 165
lbs (75 kg) for trailer weights above 2,650 lbs (1,200 kg). For trailer weights between 2,650 - 3,300 lbs
(1,200 - 1,500 kg) a top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) should never be exceeded.
● Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should
be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use lower gear and turn off air
conditioner if the temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.
● Avoid overload and other abusive operation.
● Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.
● It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check
and observe State/Local regulations).
● Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.
● More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.
● Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used,
● Volvo recommends the use of synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over long distances or in
mountainous areas.
NOTE: Refer to section "Automatic transmission" for additional trailer hauling tips.
WARNING!
Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to
the bumper.
● Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.
● Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's
lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer
for correct installation.
●
pg. 4:18 Winter driving
Cold weather precautions
If you wish to check your car before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth noting:
● Make sure that the engine coolant contains at least 50 percent antifreeze: that is, 3.7 qts. (3.5 liters)
Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F (-35°C). See
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section "Coolant". The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of
antifreeze may not be mixed.
● Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation of condensation in the tank. In
addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.
● The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves coldweather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use,
5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not
use this cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather. See section "Engine oil" for more
information.
● The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc.
are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very
cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the
state of charge more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.
● Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on all four wheels for winter driving - see section "Wheels
and tires".
● To prevent the washer fluid reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze (see
page 8:15 for the location of the washer fluid reservoir). This is important since the dirt is often splashed
on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the frequent use of the washers and wipers. The
Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows:
Down to 14°F (-10°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 4 parts water
Down to 5°F (-15°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 3 parts water
Down to 0°F (-18°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 2 parts water
Down to -18°F (-28°): 1 part anti-freeze and 1 part water
● When driving in temperatures below 15° F (-10° C), we recommend the use of Volvo's radiator guard
to help the engine reach normal operating temperature as quickly as possible. This guard should not be
used when towing a trailer.
● Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.
NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.
Winter/Wet mode
Enhanced Vehicle Traction
This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.
In this mode:
* In position D, the gearbox starts in 3rd gear and changes up to 4th gear.
* In position 3, 2nd gear is locked and there is no change up to 3rd gear.
In position L, 1st gear is locked.
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* These positions always offer the kick-down function.
pg. 4:19 Long distance trips
Before a long distance trip
It is always worthwhile to have your car checked at a Volvo retailer before driving long distances. Your
retailer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the
event that problems occur.
If you prefer to check the car yourself, please note the following:
● Check that the engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.
● Check engine oil, coolant levels, and for possible fuel leakage.
● Check transmission oil level.
● Check condition of drive belts.
● Check state of charge of battery.
● Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.
● The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by your Volvo retailer only.
● Check all lights, including high beams.
● Reflective warning triangles are legal requirement in some countries.
● Have a word with your Volvo retailer concerning engine adjustments if you intend to drive in
countries where it may be difficult to obtain correct fuel.
● Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are likely to
occur, consider snow tires.
Contents | Top of Page
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Wheels and tires
pg. 5:1 Wheels and tires
Wheels and tires
The handling and riding comfort of the vehicle is dependent on the inflation pressure and the type of
tires fitted. Read the following pages carefully.
pg. 5:2 General information, Wear indicator, Tire economy, Flat spots
pg. 5:3 Snow chains, Winter tires
pg. 5:4 Inflation pressure
pg. 5:5 Uniform tire quality grading
pg. 5:2 Wheels and tires
General information
Your vehicle is equipped with tires according to the tire information label located on the rear facing side
of the right front door.
The following is an example of a tire designation code 195/60R15:
195 = tire width in mm.
60 = tire profile. This is the relationship (in percent) between the section height and the width of the tire.
R = radial tires.
15 = diameter in inches.
The tires have good road holding characteristics and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces. It
should be noted however that the tires have been developed to give these features on snow/ice-free
surfaces. Certain models are equipped with "all-season" tires, which provide a somewhat higher degree
of winter roadholding on slippery surfaces than tires without the "all-season" rating. However, for
optimum road holding on icy or snow covered roads - we recommend suitable winter tires on all four
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wheels. When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires are the same size designation, type (radial) and
preferably from the same manufacturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering the car's
road-holding and handling characteristics.
NOTE: When storing wheel/tire assemblies (e.g. winter tires and wheels), either stand the assemblies
upright or suspend them off the ground. Laying wheel/tire assemblies on their sides for prolonged
periods can cause wheel and/or tire damage.
Wear indicator
The tires have a so-called "wear indicator" in the form of a number of narrow strips running across or
parallel to the tread. When approx. 1/16" (1.6 mm) is left on the tread, these strips show up and indicate
that the tire should be replaced.
Tires with less than 1/16" (1.6 mm) tread have a very poor grip in rain or snow.
When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the
one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent alteration of the driving
characteristics of the vehicle.
To improve tire economy:
Maintain correct tire pressure.
● Drive smoothly: avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.
● Tire wear increases with speed.
● Correct front wheel alignment is very important.
● Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.
● If the wheels are rotated, they should be kept on the same side of the car so that they revolve in the
same direction as prior to rotation.
● Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the tires and/or wheels permanently.
●
Flat spots
All tires become warm during use. After cooling, when the vehicle is parked, the tires have a tendency to
distort slightly, forming flat spots. These flat spots can cause vibrations similar to the vibrations caused
by imbalanced wheels.
They do, however, disappear when the tire warms up. The degree to which the flat spots form depends
on the type of cord used in the tire. Remember that, in cold weather, it takes longer for the tire to warm
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up and consequently longer for the flat spot to disappear.
CAUTION: (Turbo-charged models) The car must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions.
The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission.
pg. 5:3 Wheels and tires (cont.)
Snow chains
Snow tire chains can be used on your Volvo with the following restrictions:
● Snow chains should be installed on front wheels only. Use only Volvo approved snow chains.
● Snow chains may be mounted on tire dimension 185/65R15 and 195/60R15. Tire dimension
205/55R15 and 205/50R16 require a special type of snow chain. Consult your Volvo retailer. Snow
chains may not be used on 205/55R16 tires.
If accessory, aftermarket or "custom" tires and wheels are installed and are of a size different than the
original tires and wheels, chains in some cases CANNOT be used. Snow chains cannot be used on those
turbo-charged models fitted with all-season tires 205/55 R16 or 205/45 R17. Models equipped with
205/55 R15 or 205/50 R16 need specially designed snow chains. Sufficient clearances between chains
and brakes, suspension and body components must be maintained.
● Some strap-on type chains will interfere with brake components and therefore CANNOT be used.
Consult your Volvo retailer for additional snow chain information.
CAUTION:
Check local regulations regarding the use of snow chains before installing.
● Always follow the chains manufacturer's installation instructions carefully. Install chains as tightly
as possible and re-tighten periodically.
● Never exceed the chain manufacture's specified maximum speed limit. (Under no circumstances
should that limit be higher than 30 mph (45 km/h).
● Avoid bumps, holes or sharp turns when driving with snow chains.
● The handling of the vehicle can be adversely affected when driving with chains. Avoid fast or sharp
turns as well as locked wheel braking.
●
Snow tires, studded tires *
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Tires for winter use:
Owners who live in or regularly commute through areas with sustained periods of snow or icy driving
conditions are strongly advised to fit suitable winter tires to help retain the highest degree of traction.
It is important to install winter tires on all four wheels to help retain traction during cornering, braking
and accelerating. Failure to do so could reduce traction to an unsafe level or adversely affect handling.
Do not mix tires of different design as this could also negatively affect overall tire road grip. Volvo
recommends 185/65 R15 winter tires on 15" wheels on all 850 models including models equipped with
16" or 17" wheels.
Winter tires wear more quickly on dry roads in warm weather. They should be removed when the winter
driving season has ended.
Studded tires should be run-in 300-600 miles (500-1000 km) during which the car should be driven as
smoothly as possible to give the studs the opportunity to seat properly in the tires. The car tires should
have the same rotational direction throughout their entire lifetime. In other words, if you wish to rotate
the wheels, make sure that the same wheels are always on the same side of the car.
NOTE: Please consult state or local regulations restricting the use of studded winter tires before
installing such tires.
* Where permitted
pg. 5:4 Wheels and tires (cont.)
Checking and correcting tire pressure
Check the tire pressure when refueling.
● The tire pressure should be corrected only when the tires are cold.
● With warm tires, correct only when the pressure is too low. The tire temperature rises after driving
just a few miles.
●
Vehicle Loading
The tires on your Volvo will perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as
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recommended on the tire information label* located on the inside of the fuel filler flap. This label lists
both the tire and vehicle design limits.
Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.
* Please note that the tire information label indicates pressures for both comfort and fuel economy.
Tire pressure label
pg. 5:5 Wheels and tires (cont.)
Uniform tire quality grading
ALL PASSENGER CAR TIRES MUST CONFORM TO FEDERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS IN
ADDITION TO THESE GRADES
TREADWEAR
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded at 150 would
wear one and one half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and many depart
significantly from the norm due to variation in driving habits, service practices and differences in road
characteristics and climate.
TRACTION
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are A, B, and C, as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
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performance.
WARNING! The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests
and does not include cornering (turning) traction.
TEMPERATURE
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire's resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
WARNING! The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Contents | Top of Page
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In case of emergency
pg. 6:1 In case of an emergency
In case of an emergency
Even if you maintain your car in good running condition, there is always the possibility that something
might go wrong and prevent you from driving, such as a punctured tire, blown fuse or bulb, etc. For
additional information, see section "ON CALL Road Assistance".
pg. 6:2 Wheel changing
pg. 6:4 Spare tire
pg. 6:5 Replacing bulbs
pg. 6:13 Replacing fuses
pg. 6:15 Installation of accessories
pg. 6:16 Replacing wiper blades
pg. 6:18 In case of emergency
pg. 6:2 Wheel changing
Loosen wheel bolts... Insert flat end of lug wrench and turn... Pull straight out
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Changing a wheel
The spare wheel is located under the carpet on the trunk floor. The jack and crank are secured in the
wheel recess.
Engage the parking brake.
● Put the gear selector in (P)ark (automatic) or in Reverse (manual).
● Remove the wheel cap (where applicable) using the lug wrench in the tool kit.
● With the car still on the ground, use the lug wrench to loosen the wheel bolts 1/2 - 1 turn. Turn the
bolts counterclockwise to loosen.
● Fold out the crank handle on the jack by pressing the nob on the handle downward. To attach the jack,
refer to the illustration on the following page.
●
NOTE: To avoid excessive wear and the necessity of rebalancing, mark and reinstall wheels in same
location and position as before removal. To lessen the chance of imbalance, each wheel hub is equipped
with a guide stud* to ensure that a removed wheel can be reinstalled in its original position (as when
changing over to winter tires/wheels).
* The guide stud is not visible from the outside of the wheel on turbo-charged models.
CAUTION: (Turbo-charged models) The car must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions.
The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission.
pg. 6:3 Wheel changing (cont.)
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Jack attachment
There is a jack attachment located in the center on each side of the car. Position the jack on the bar in the
attachment as shown in illustration A above and crank while simultaneously guiding the base of the jack
to the ground. The base of the jack must be flat on a level, firm, non-slippery surface. Before raising the
car check that the jack is still correctly positioned in the attachment . Raise the vehicle until both wheels
on the side of the car where the jack is attached are lifted off the ground. Unscrew the wheel bolts
completely and carefully remove the wheel so as not to damage the thread on the studs.
Installing the wheel
Clean the contact surfaces on the wheel and hub. Lift the wheel and place it on the hub. Make sure that
you align the wheel with the guide stud on the wheel hub prior to installation. Install the wheel bolts
crosswise (see illustration) and tighten by turning lightly clockwise. Lower the vehicle to the ground and
alternately tighten the nuts to 81 ft. lbs. (110 Nm). Install the wheel cap (where applicable).
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WARNING!
The jack's attachment must engage the bar in the jack attachment (A). The car's weight must not rest
on the jack's attachment (B).
● Be sure the jack is on a firm, level, non-slippery surface.
● Never allow any part of your body to be extended under a car supported by a jack.
● Use the jack intended for the car when replacing a wheel. For any other job, use stands to support
the end of the car being worked on.
● Apply the parking brake, select position P (automatic transmission) or Reverse gear (manual
transmission).
● Block the wheels standing on the ground, use rigid wooden blocks or large stones.
● The jack should be kept well-greased.
●
CAUTION: Correct tightening torque on wheel bolts must be observed. The wheel bolts should never
be greased or lubricated. The extended, chromed wheel bolts must not be used with steel rims, as they
make it impossible to fit the hub caps.
Correct tightening order for wheel bolts
pg. 6:4 Spare tire
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Temporary Spare (certain models)
The spare tire of your car is what is called a "Temporary Spare". It has the following designation:
T115/70 R15 or T125/90R15.
Recommended tire pressure (see decal on fuel filler flap) should be maintained irrespective of which
position on the car the Temporary Spare tire is used on.
In the event of damage to this tire a new one can be purchased from your Volvo retailer.
CAUTION: (Turbo-charged models) The car must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions.
The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission.
WARNING!
Current legislation prohibits the use of the "Temporary Spare" tire other than as a temporary
replacement for a punctured tire. In other words, it must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard
tire. Roadholding, etc., may be affected with the "Temporary Spare" in use. Do not, therefore, exceed
50 mph (80 km/h).
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 6:5 Replacing bulbs
Replacing bulbs
Make sure when installing bulbs, that the guide pin on the socket fits into its corresponding recess. When installing Halogen bulbs, do not touch the glass
with your fingers since grease, oil or any other impurities can be carbonized onto the bulb and damage the reflector.
Use bulbs of correct type and voltage. Failure to do so could cause the bulb failure warning light to activate.
NOTE: Turn the ignition and the light switch off before replacing any bulbs.
A- Spring A- Lamp housing, B- Bulb 21/5W/24/2.2 cp BA 15d, C- Bulb holder
Parking light/direction indicator
1. Loosen the spring which retains the lamp housing.
2. Withdraw the entire lamp housing; separate the bulb holder from the lamp unit.
3. Leave the connector with its wires in the bulb holder.
4. Remove the bulb from the holder by pressing in and turning counter-clockwise.
5. Insert a new bulb and reinstall the unit in the reverse order.
pg. 6:6 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
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1 - Plastic cover, 2 - Bulb HB4/9006
3 - Bulb HB3/9005, 4 - Connector
Headlight bulb replacement
1. Turn the plastic cover counter-clockwise and remove it.
2. Turn the bulb and connector (one unit) 1/4 turn counter-clockwise and remove.
3. Disconnect the wiring from the bulb unit.
4. Connect a new bulb unit into the wiring without touching the bulb itself.
5. Re-insert the bulb into the headlight housing and turn 1/4 turn clockwise until the unit seats properly. The unit has three guide lugs to ensure proper
seating.
6. Reinstall the plastic cover.
Headlight adjustment
The height of the headlight beams can be adjusted according to vehicle load. The headlights should be re-aimed if heavy loads are carried in the trunk/cargo
area or rear seat, or when towing a trailer.
To adjust the headlights:
●
●
●
Park the car on a level surface and open the hood.
The headlights are equipped with a level which can be seen by looking through the clear "window" on the top of the headlight lens.
Turn the height adjustment knob (A) until the bubble in the level aligns with the "0" marks or within the dark marking lines.
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Lateral headlight adjustment should only be carried out by an authorized Volvo retailer. The lateral adjustment scale (B) should be preset to "0".
pg. 6:7 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
Lamp location- right side, A- covers, B- bulb holder
Tail light bulbs (sedans)
1. Tail light
2. Direction indicator
3. Brake light
4. Tail light
5. Back-up light
6. Rear fog light (left side only)
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Location of bulbs in holder
All the bulbs in the tail light unit are replaced from inside the trunk as follows:
1. Turn the two plastic screws and open the cover over the rear lamp unit.
2. Loosen and remove the bulb holder.
3. Let the connector with its wires remain attached to the bulb holder.
4. Remove the bulb by pressing in and turning counter-clockwise.
5. Insert a new bulb into the holder and reinstall the holder into the tail light assembly.
6. Close the cover.
Bulbs 1, 4:
5W/4 cp BA 15 s
Bulbs 2, 3, 5, 6:
21W/32 cp BA 15 s
pg. 6:8 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
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1997 Volvo 850
1,2,4
21W/32cp BA 15s
3,5
21/4W BAZ 15d
Removing speaker from upper section
Tail light bulbs (wagons)
1. Direction indicator
2. Brake light
3. Tail light
4. Back-up light
5. Tail light / Rear fog light (left side only)
All the bulbs in the tail light unit are replaced from inside the cargo space as follows:
●
●
Turn the ignition key to position 0 and switch off the lights.
Remove the upper panel of the tail light unit by using a screwdriver and/or the lower panel by first removing the side floor cover and then the panel.
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●
●
●
●
●
●
Press in the plastic catches (A or B) and take out the bulb holder.
Remove the speaker (optional) from the upper section of the tail light unit.
Leave the connector and cables connected to the bulb holder.
Remove the bulb by pressing it inwards and turning it slightly counter-clockwise.
Insert a new bulb into the bulb holder and reinstall the holder in the tail light assembly.
Check that the bulb works. Reinstall the cover.
pg. 6:9 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
Depress the catches (sedans)
Press in the springs (sedans) Remove the cover (wagons)
Press sides and pull out/down (wagons)
High-mounted brake light
Sedans:
●
●
●
Turn off the ignition.
Press in the springs on both sides of the holder.
Pull the cover towards you.
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●
●
●
●
Depress the catches on both sides of the reflector and withdraw it from the holder.
Replace the bulb.
Reinstall the reflector.
Press the cover into place.
Wagons:
● Turn off the ignition.
● Press the sides of the cover using both hands and pull it out and down.
● Remove the inner protective cover from the bulb.
● Remove the bulb by pressing in and turning slightly counter-clockwise.
● Replace the bulb.
● Reinstall the protective cover over the bulb.
● Press the cover into place.
pg. 6:10 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
Brake lights mounted in spoiler (certain models)
●
●
●
●
Switch off the lights.
Unscrew the three screws.
Insert the screwdriver and turn gently to loosen the glass lens to gain access to the bulb holder.
Replace the bulb(s) and reinstall the bulb holder and glass lens.
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Insert screwdriver and turn
Trunk light (sedans)/Rear courtesy light (wagons)
●
●
●
Switch off the lights.
Press in the catch with a screwdriver and remove the bulb holder.
Replace the bulb and reinstall the bulb holder.
Phillips-head screwdriver for glass lens
License plate lights (sedans and wagons)
●
●
Switch off the lights.
Unscrew the two screws.
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●
●
Insert the screwdriver and turn gently to loosen the glass lens.
Replace the bulb and reinstall the glass lens.
pg. 6:11 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
Insert screwdriver, turn and pull downward
Front courtesy lights
●
●
●
Switch off the ignition.
Insert a screwdriver and turn carefully to loosen the glass lens.
Replace the bulb and press the glass lens back into place.
Insert a screwdriver and turn
Rear reading lights
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●
●
●
Switch off the ignition.
Insert a screwdriver and turn to loosen the lamp unit.
Replace the bulb and press the lamp unit back into place.
Insert a screwdriver and turn
Vanity mirror
●
●
●
●
●
Switch off the ignition.
Insert a screwdriver under the lower edge and turn to loosen the glass lens.
Push out the bulb and replace it.
Press the lower edge of the lens into place above the four catches.
Press the upper edge of the lens into place.
pg. 6:12 Replacing bulbs (cont.)
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Insert the screwdriver and turn gently (rear door)
Door warning lights
Front
● Slide the lamp unit upward and lift it out.
● Twist off the bulb holder.
● Pull the bulb straight out.
● Replace the bulb.
● Reinstall the holder and lamp unit in reverse order.
Rear
● Insert a screwdriver and turn carefully to loosen the glass lens.
● Pull the bulb straight out.
● Replace the bulb.
● Press the lens back into place.
Insert a screwdriver and turn
Door step courtesy lights
●
●
●
●
●
Insert a screwdriver and turn carefully to loosen the glass lens.
Withdraw the lamp unit, bend back the tabs and remove the plate.
Replace the bulb.
Reinstall the plate.
Press the lamp unit back into place.
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NOTE: Other bulbs may be difficult for the owner to replace. Let your Volvo retailer replace these bulbs if necessary.
Front fog lights in spoiler
Front fog lights (option)
●
●
●
●
●
Switch off the lights.
Turn the plastic cover counter-clockwise to remove it.
Press the spring toward the lamp unit to release it and move it to the side.
Replace the bulb.
Reinstall in reverse order.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 6:13 Fuses
Fuse removal tool
Defective fuse
Intact fuse
Replacing fuses
If an electrical component fails to function, it is likely that a fuse has blown due to a temporary circuit
overload.
The fuse box is located in the engine compartment (see illustration) and can be opened by lifting the
cover.
A label on the inside of the cover indicates the amperage and the electrical components that are
connected to each fuse.
The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it. Pull the fuse straight out. From the side,
examine the curved metal wire to see if it is broken. If so, put in a new fuse of the same color and
amperage (written on the fuse). Spare fuses are stored in a compartment in the fuse box.
If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system tested at a Volvo retailer.
If you find it difficult to remove a fuse, you will find a special fuse tool clipped in the fuse box.
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pg. 6:14 Fuses
Location * Amperage
1 Fuel injection, distributor ignition system, automatic gearbox 15A
2 Fuel pump 15A
3 Interior courtesy lights 10A
4–
5 ECC blower (speed 4) 30A
6 Central locking system 25A
7 Audio system 15A
8–
9 ABS 30A
10 Electrically heated rear seat 15A
11 Electrically heated rear window and side-door mirrors 30A
12 Brake lights 10A
13 Hazard warning flashers, headlight flashers 15A
14 ABS 30A
15 OBD socket, courtesy lights, open door warning lights,
remote operated central locking system 10A
16 Power antenna, electrical connector for trailer, accessories 30A
17 Key reminder, seat belt reminder 10A
18 Front fog lights 15A
19 Left high beam 15A
20 Right high beam, high beam indicator light 15A
21 Left low beam 15A
22 Right low beam 15A
23 Left parking lights, license plate lights 10A
24 Right parking lights 10A
25 Rear fog light, rear fog light indicator light 10A
26 Heated front/rear seats, power side-view mirrors 25A
27 Backup lights, direction indicators 15A
28 Cruise control, heated rear windows, seat belt reminder light,
bulb failure warning sensor, shiftlock 10A
29 ABS 15A
30 Cigarette lighter 10A
31 ECC blower (speeds 1-3), ECC, AC-compressor 25A
32 Audio system, remote controlled central locking 10A
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Location * Amperage
33 Rear window wiper/washer (wagons) 15A
34 Windshield/headlight wipers/washers, horn 25A
35 Instrument panel lights, power sun roof 10A
36 –
37 Power windows, power sun roof AUT/CB **
38 –
39 Power seat (driver's side) AUT/CB **
40 Power seat (passenger's side) AUT/CB **
* Some of the equipment/systems listed may be available on certain models only.
** This is an automatic circuit breaker located in the fuse box and does not normally need to be
replaced.
For more detailed information concerning function and location of relays, fuses, etc., refer to the Volvo
Service Manuals. These can be purchased directly using the Service Literature Brochure/Order Form or
through your Volvo retailer.
pg. 6:15 Installation of accessories
Installation of accessories
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In order to help avoid interference and damage to your car's electrical system, your car is equipped with
an accessory connector located under the instrument panel on the driver's side.
Please consult your Volvo retailer if you have any questions before connecting accessory or optional
equipment to the vehicle's electrical system.
Connector (for accessories)
Position Connection
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Battery + (30)
X Supply
High beam
Low beam
Pos Light
Rheostat
Front acc.
conn.
Earth (31)
Max.
load
20 A
0,5 A
1A
1A
1A
0,5 A
2A
–
pg. 6:16 Replacing wiper blades
Replacing wiper blades
Lift the wiper arm off the windshield and hold the blade at right angles to the arm. Pinch the end of the
plastic clip located at the back of the arm.
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Slide the wiper blade along the arm to release it from the hook.
Install the new blade (installation is the reverse of removal) and make sure that it is properly attached to
the wiper arm.
NOTE: For reasons of safety, you should change the windshield wiper blades as soon as they start to
leave marks on the windshield or fail to wipe efficiently and cleanly.
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To obtain maximum lifetime from a set of wiper blades, clean them with a stiff-bristle brush and warm,
soapy water as part of a normal car wash.
pg. 6:17 Replacing headlight wiper blades
Replacing headlight wiper blades (certain models)
Pull the wiper blade in the direction indicated by the arrow in the illustration to remove it. Press the new
blade into place. Check that the new blade is properly attached to the wiper arm.
Cleaning the outside of the windshield and wiper blades
If the windshield/tailgate is not clear after using the wiper(s) or if the blade chatters when running, wax
or other material may be on the blade or on the surface of the glass.
Clean the glass with a suitable cleaning agent. The glass is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it
with water.
Clean the wiper blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full strength windshield washer
solvent. Then rinse the blade with water. Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and
replaced when worn.
pg. 6:18 In case of emergency
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Shiftlock release (automatic transmission only)
The gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position. To manually release the shiftlock:
Turn the starting (ignition) key to position I
● Press firmly on the "SHIFTLOCK OVERRIDE" button located to the right of the base of the gear
selector
● While holding the override button down, press the button on the front of the gear selector
● Move the selector from the ( P )ark position.
●
Fuel tank cover does not open
Faulty motor in fuel tank cover
(Sedans):
Open the cover panel on the right tail light unit and pull on the hook.
The fuel tank cover can then be opened.
(Wagons):
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Remove the right floor cover (the center storage compartment must be opened first) and the cover panel
on the right lower tail light. Pull on the hook and the fuel tank cover can then be opened.
Contents | Top of Page
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Car care
pg. 7:1 Car care
Car care
Car care includes not only maintaining the appearance of the car, but also protecting the car exterior
from the effects of air pollution, rain, mud or road salt. The paintwork should also be touched up
immediately, if damaged, to prevent rust formation.
pg. 7:2 Paint touch-up
pg. 7:4 Washing
pg. 7:5 Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing
pg. 7:6 Cleaning the upholstery
pg. 7:2 Paint touch-up
Paint touch-up
Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly
- when washing the car for instance. Touch up if necessary.
Paint repairs require special equipment and skill. Contact your Volvo retailer for any extensive damage.
Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.
NOTE: When ordering touch-up paint from your Volvo retailer, use the paint code indicated on the
model plate. The plate is located on the panel above the right-side head lights.
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Minor stone chips and scratches
Material:
Primer - can
Paint - touch-up bottle
Brush
Masking tape
NOTE: When touching up the car, it should be clean and dry. The surface temperature should be above
60° F (15° C).
Scars on the surface
If the stone chip has not penetrated down to the metal and undamaged layer of paint remains, the touchup paint can be applied as soon as the spot has been cleaned.
Deep scars
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1. Place a strip of masking tape over the damaged surface. Pull the tape off so that any loose flakes of
paint adhere to it.
pg. 7:3 Paint touch-up (cont.)
2. Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with a small brush.
When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush. Mix the paint thoroughly; apply
several thin paint coats and let dry after each application.
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3 If there is a longer scratch, you may want to protect surrounding paint by masking it off.
pg. 7:4 Washing
Washing the car
The car should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint
and may cause damage.
●
NOTE: It is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the wintertime to prevent corrosion,
when salt has been used on the roads.
When washing the car, do not expose it to direct sunlight. Use lukewarm water to soften the dirt
before you wash with a sponge, and plenty of water, to avoid scratching.
● A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil.
● A water-soluble grease solvent may be used in cases of sticky dirt. However, use a washplace
equipped with a drainage separator.
● Dry the car with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker
panels.
● The power radio antenna (sedans) must be dried after washing.
● Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover after the car has been washed.
● A stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soapy water can be used to clean the wiper blades. Frequent
cleaning improves visibility considerably.
●
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Wash off the dirt from the underside (wheel housings fenders, etc.).
In areas of high industrial fallout, more frequent washing is recommended.
●
●
CAUTION: During high pressure washing the spray mouthpiece must never be closer to the vehicle
than 13" (30 cm). Do not spray into the locks.
When washing or steam cleaning the engine, avoid spraying water or steam directly on the electrical
components or toward the rear side of the engine.
● After cleaning the engine, the spark plug wells should be inspected for water and blown dry if
necessary.
●
Suitable detergents
Special car washing detergents or liquid dishwashing detergent can be used. A suitable mixture is about
2.5 fl. oz. (8.5 cl) of detergent to 2.6 US gal. (10 liters) of warm water. After washing with a detergent
the car should be well rinsed with clean water.
Bird droppings
Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be permanently damaged.
WARNING!
When the car is driven immediately after being washed, apply the brake several times in order to
remove any moisture from the brake linings.
● Engine cleaning agents should not be used when the engine is warm. This constitutes a fire risk.
●
NOTE: When washing the car, remember to remove dirt from the drain holes in the doors and sills.
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Bumpers: Wash the bumpers with the same cleaning agent used on the rest of the car. Never clean the
bumpers with gasoline or paint thinner. Difficult spots can be removed with denatured alcohol. To avoid
scratches, do not dry the bumpers with paper.
pg. 7:5 Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing
Automatic washing - simple and quick
An automatic wash is a simple and quick way to clean your car, but it is worth remembering that it may
not be as thorough as when you yourself go over the car with sponge and water. Keeping the underbody
clean is most important, especially in the winter. Some automatic washers do not have facilities for
washing the underbody.
Before driving into an automatic wash, make sure that the side view mirrors, auxiliary lamps, etc., are
secure, otherwise there is risk of the machine dislodging them. You should also lower the antenna
(sedans).
We do NOT recommend washing your car in an automatic wash during the first six months (because the
paint will not have hardened sufficiently).
Polishing and waxing
Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery, however, waxing may be
beneficial.
Before applying polish or wax the car must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with
kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.
After polishing use liquid or paste wax.
Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax.
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Waxing alone does not substitute for polishing of a dull surface.
A wide range of polymer-based car waxes can be purchased today. The waxes are easy to use and
produce a long-lasting, high-gloss finish that protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and
fading.
pg. 7:6 Cleaning the upholstery
Cleaning the upholstery
The fabric can be cleaned with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by oil, ice
cream, shoe polish, grease, etc., use a clothing/clothing fabric stain remover.
The plastic in the upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution.
Leather upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution. For more different spots,
Volvo offers a leather care kit.
On no account must gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or the leather
since these can cause damage.
Cleaning the seat belts
Clean only with lukewarm water and mild soap solution.
Cleaning floor mats
The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during winter when they
should be taken out for drying. Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent.
Bear in mind
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●
●
●
Take extra care when removing stains such as ink or lipstick since the coloring can spread.
Use solvents sparingly. Too much solvent can damage the seat padding.
Start from the outside of the stain and work toward the center.
Contents | Top of Page
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Service and routine maintenance
pg. 8:1 Volvo Service
Service - an investment
An investment which will pay dividends in the form of improved reliability, durability, and resale value.
pg. 8:2 Label information
pg. 8:3 Maintenance service, Warranty
pg. 8:4 Maintenance schedule
pg. 8:6 Servicing
pg. 8:9 Lubrication
pg. 8:10 Engine oil
pg. 8:12 Power steering fluid, Brake/clutch system fluid reservoir
pg. 8:13 Automatic transmission fluid
pg. 8:14 Drive belt, Air pump system
pg. 8:15 Windshield washer nozzle, Washer fluid reservoir
pg. 8:16 Coolant
pg. 8:17 Engine compartment
pg. 8:2 Label information
1 Vehicle Emission Control Information
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable emission standards, as evidenced by the certification label
on the underside of the hood. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your
Volvo retailer.
2 Vacuum hose routing
(underside of hood)
3 Loads and Tire Pressures
(on inside of fuel tank cover)
4 Model plate
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1997 Volvo 850
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Codes for color and upholstery etc. This plate is located on panel
above right headlight.
5 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) *
The VIN plate is located on the top left surface of the dashboard. The VIN is also stamped on the right
hand door pillar.
6 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specifications (USA) and Ministry of Transport
(CMVSS) Standards (Canada)
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety standards, as evidenced by the certification label on
the facing side of the driver's door. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult
your Volvo retailer.
7 Child safety latch label
Location of Labels Illustration
* The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) should always be quoted in all correspondence concerning
your vehicle with the retailer and when ordering parts.
** These decals are located on the underside of the hood.
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
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pg. 8:3 Maintenance service, Warranty
Maintenance service
Volvo advises you to follow the service program which is outlined in the "Maintenance Records
Manual". This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper function
of your car. The maintenance services contain several checks which require special instruments and
tools and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in top condition,
specify time tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.
The Federal Clean Air Act - U.S.
The Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate
purchaser to assure the proper functioning of those components that control emissions. The maintenance
instructions listed in the "Servicing" section of this Manual represent the minimum maintenance
required. These services are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and
material used. Refer to your Warranty booklet for further details.
Maintenance services
Your Volvo has passed several major inspections before being delivered to you, according to Volvo
specifications. The maintenance services outlined in this book should be performed as indicated. The
extended maintenance service intervals make it even more advisable to follow this program. Inspection
and service should also be performed any time a malfunction is observed or suspected. It is
recommended that receipts for vehicle emission services be retained in the event that questions arise
concerning maintenance. See your "Maintenance Records Manual".
Applicable warranties - U.S.
In accordance with U.S. Federal Regulations, the following list of applicable U.S. warranties is
provided. For Canadian specification vehicles, see your separate warranty booklet.
●
●
New Car Limited Warranty
Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty
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●
●
●
●
Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty
Seatbelt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty
Emission Design and Defect Warranty
Emission Performance Warranty
These are the Federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state law. Refer to your
separate Warranty booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties.
pg. 8:4 Maintenance schedule
Maintenance schedule
A = Adjust (Correct if necessary) I = Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary)
R = Replace L = Lubricate
Maintenance Operation thousand
miles
(thousand km)
5³ 10 15³ 20 25³ 30 35³ 40 45³ 50 55³ 60²
(8) (16) (25) (32) (40) (48) (56) (64) (72) (80) (88) (96)
EMISSION SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE
Engine oil and filter¹
R³ R
R³
R
R³
R
R³
R
R³
R
R³
R
Engine drive belt (accessory belt)
I
R
Air cleaner filter
R
R
Spark plugs
R
R
Automatic transmission fluid
I
I
I
I
I
I
Timing belt - B 5254 S, B5234 T 4
NOTE: The oil should be changed at these intervals or after 750 hours of driving or after 12 months
which ever occurs first. See "Service Reminder indicator", page 2:5.
2) For services beyond 60,000 miles (96,000 km), consult your "Maintenance Records booklet".
3) These services apply to turbo-charged models and some non-turbo models, depending on actual
driving conditions (see page 8:11 for details).
4) For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control system, Volvo recommends that the
timing belt be replaced every 70,000 miles (112,000 km).
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pg. 8:5 Maintenance schedule (cont.)
Maintenance schedule
A = Adjust (Correct if necessary) I = Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary)
R = Replace L = Lubricate
Maintenance Operation thousand miles
(thousand km)
10 20 30 40 50 60
(16) (32) (48) (64) (80) (96)
ENGINE SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
ENGINE
Fuel (Line) Filter¹
PCV Nipple (orifice)/hoses,clean
Battery
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Rotate tires/check wear (align front end if
needed.)
I
I
I
I
I
I
Check power steering fluid level.
I
I
I
I
I
I
Power antenna (clean)
I
I
I
I
I
I
Trunk/hood, hinges and latches
L
L
L
L
L
L
BRAKES
Inspect brakes, replace components as necessary
Brake Fluid²
STEERING/SUSPENSION
BODY
1) Replace at 100,000 miles (160,000 km)
2) Brake fluid should be changed at owner request every second year (once a year if the car is driven in
mountainous areas or in areas with high humidity).
The following items should be checked weekly by the driver (it takes only a few minutes).
Engine oil level Horns
Brake fluid level Windshield wipers
Radiator coolant level Tire pressure (all five tires)
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Operation of all lights Level of windshield washer fluid
The following should also be carried out at regular intervals:
Washing
Polishing
Cleaning
Rust protection
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 8:6 Servicing
The following precautions must be observed when carrying out repairs to the vehicle
WARNING! The distributor ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions
must be followed to prevent injury. Always turn the ignition off when:
Replacing distributor ignition components e.g. plugs, coil, etc.
● Do not touch any part of the distributor ignition system while the engine is running. This may result
in unintended movements and body injury.
●
Battery
Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and properly tightened.
● Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running, for example when changing the battery.
● The battery should be disconnected when a boost charger is used.
● Switch off the radio before disconnecting the battery. If your radio has an anti-theft code and the
battery is disconnected, the radio code has to be re-entered in order for the radio to function.
●
Replacing spark plugs
The spark plugs should be changed every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). However, city driving or fast
highway driving may necessitate changing after 15,000 miles (24,000 km) of driving. When installing
new plugs, be sure to fit the right type and use correct torque, see "Specifications". When changing the
plugs, check that the suppressor connectors are in good condition. Cracked or damaged connectors
should be replaced. When changing the spark plugs, clean the terminals and the rubber seals.
Hoisting the car
If a garage jack is used to lift the car, the two jack attachments points should be used. They are specially
reinforced to bear the weight of the car. A garage jack can also be placed under the front of the engine
support frame and under the reinforced plate in the spare wheel well. Take care not to damage the splash
guard under the engine. Ensure that the jack is positioned so that the car cannot slide off it. Always use
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axle stands or similar structures.
If a two-post hoist is used to lift the car, the front and rear lift arm pads should be centered under the
reinforced lift plates on the inboard edge of the sill rail. The position of these plates is marked with
arrows molded into the bottom of the sill rail.
CAUTION: 850 R turbo models have reduced ground clearance due to the design of the front spoiler.
Please observe caution when driving the car onto a garage hoist.
pg. 8:7 Servicing (cont.)
Torque exhaust and intake manifold nuts
A loose manifold could alter air/fuel ratio and cause an increase in emission and/or poor driveability.
Air cleaner
Replace the air cleaner cartridge with a new one every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The cartridge should
be replaced more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and
therefore should always be replaced with a new one.
Vacuum fittings, hoses and connections
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Unstable idle, misfiring, or poor emission control is often caused by leaking vacuum hoses or
connections. Check all vacuum hoses and connections.
Idle air control system
Your Volvo is equipped with an electronically controlled idle air control system that requires no
checking or adjustment.
Timing belt
For proper functioning of the vehicle and its emission control systems, Volvo recommends that the
timing belt be replaced every 70,000 miles (112,000 km).
Fuel system cap, tank and lines and connections
The effectiveness of the fuel system to contain hydrocarbons is dependent largely on a leak-free system.
Check for proper sealing of the gasoline filler cap which contains "O" ring type seals.
Fuel (line) filter
The fuel line filter is located next to the fuel pump. For proper functioning of the vehicle and its
emission control systems, the fuel line filter should be replaced at 100,000 miles (160,000 km). The
filter is replaced as one complete unit. Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel is introduced into
the tank (or if there is reason to suspect that this has occurred).
Charge air cooler (Intercooler)
Turbo-charged engines employs a turbo-compressor to force air into the engine inlet manifold and a
charge air cooler to cool the compressed inlet air. The resulting increase in air flow raises pressure in the
intake manifold by approx. 8.7 psi (over atmospheric pressure) and engine power output by approx. 50
horsepower over that developed by the normally-aspirated engine. The charge air cooler (which
resembles a radiator) is located between the turbo-compressor and inlet manifold.
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pg. 8:8 Servicing (cont.)
A - inlet manifold, B - EVAP valve,
C - charcoal canister, D - roll over
valve, E - line to fuel tank
Fuel System
The fuel system is all-electronic and is microprocessor-controlled. It can continually compensate for
variation in engine load, speed and temperature to give the best economy and power. A mass air flow
sensor measures the inducted air. In this way the system can make instantaneous adjustments for
changes in air temperature or density, thus always assuring the best economy with the lowest possible
exhaust emissions.
Heated oxygen sensor
This is an emission control system designed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. The heated
oxygen sensor monitors the composition of the exhaust gases leaving the engine. The exhaust gas
analysis is fed into an electronic module. This adjusts the air-fuel ratio to provide optimum conditions
for combustion and efficient reduction of the three major pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide
and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by a three-way catalytic converter.
Secondary Air Injection (certain models)
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This system adds air to the hot exhaust gases as they are expelled from the engine. This causes a
secondary combustion of residual hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, resulting in lower emissions
levels in the exhaust gases.
Evaporative control system
The car is equipped with a gas evaporative control system, which prevents gasoline fumes from being
released into the atmosphere. The system is comprised of an expansion chamber in the fuel tank, a rollover valve on the cross member in front of the fuel tank and a charcoal canister with a built-in vacuum
valve under the left-front wheel housing. The components are interconnected by hoses which channel
fuel vapor from the gas tank to the charcoal filter, where it is stored until the engine is started and then
drawn into the engine's air intake system.
Crankcase ventilation
The engine is provided with positive crankcase ventilation which prevents crankcase gases from being
released into the atmosphere. Instead, the crankcase gases are admitted to the intake manifold and
cylinders.
PCV system
The orifice nipple in the intake manifold and the filter at the end of the PCV hose in the air cleaner
should be inspected every 60,000 miles (96,000 km). Check/replace rubber hoses at the same time.
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pg. 8:9 Lubrication
No. Lubrication point
lubricant
1
Hood lock and latch
Oil
2
Door stop and hinges
Oil
3
Sun roof wind
deflector
4
5
Oil
Low temperature
grease
Door lock catch plate Oil
Low temperature
Trunk/tailgate lid lock
grease
No. Lubrication point
Window winder (on
6
inside of door)
Front seat slide rail
7
and latch
8
Door locks
lubricant
Oil, grease, low
temperature grease
Oil
Volvo teflon lock
spray
To avoid rattles and unnecessary wear, the body should be lubricated at regular service intervals. This
should be done by an authorized Volvo retailer.
pg. 8:10 Engine oil
Checking the oil level
The oil level should be checked every time the car is refuelled. This is especially important during the
engine break-in period (up to the first service).
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CAUTION : Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil
becomes too low.
Park the car on a level surface and wait for at least 3 minutes after the engine has been switched off. Be
sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. Low oil level can
cause internal damage to the engine and over-filling can result in high oil consumption. The distance
between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1.6 US qts (1.5 liters)*. The oil should preferably be
checked when cold, before the engine has been started.
Approx. 1.6 US qts. (1.5 liters) *
* Certain models: 1 US qts (1 liter)
NOTE: The engine must be stopped when checking the oil.
Draining the oil
Drain the oil after driving while it is still warm.
WARNING! The oil may be very
hot.
If you change the engine oil and filter yourself, your Volvo retailer can assist you in disposing of the
used oil. Engine oil can be harmful to your skin - gloves should worn when performing this work.
To add or change oil
Add oil of the same kind as already used.
Capacity (including filter): 6.1 US qts (5.8 liters).**
The oil filter should be replaced at every oil change
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** Turbo-charged models: Add 0.95 qts (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained.
A - Drain plug, B - Oil filter, C - Oil dipstick, D - Oil filler cap
WARNING! Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire
risk.
pg. 8:11 Engine oil (cont.)
Oil quality
Meeting API specification SG, SG/CD, SH or Energy Conserving (EC) II
For best fuel economy and engine protection consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for
recommended oils. Oils with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection.
Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):
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Do not use oils with other viscosity ratings. The use of incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life.
Volvo recommends the use of energy-conserving oils. Look for the API label. Synthetic oils complying
with oil quality requirements are recommended for: Driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes
(hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances or for a prolonged driving in mountainous areas.
Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.
NOTE: SAE 15W-40 is should only be used in extreme operating conditions such as trailer towing in
sustained ambient temperatures over 104° F (40° C). However, SAE 10W-30 synthetic oil would be a
better alternative in such conditions.
SAE 15W-40 should not be used under normal operating conditions.
Changing oil and oil filter
Oil and oil filter changes should be made as specified in the following table:
If driving conditions include:
Then the correct oil/oil filter change interval
is:
Extended periods of idling and/or low-speed
operation
● Frequent short trips less than 7 miles 11 km
● Extended periods of driving in dusty and/or sandy
areas
● Trailer towing
● Driving in mountainous areas
EVERY
5,000 miles= 8,000 km
OR EVERY 6 MONTHS,
WHICHEVER COMES FIRST
●
●
●
Primarily highway driving
Frequent trips of longer than 7 miles = 11 km
EVERY
10,000 miles = 16,000 km
5,000 miles= 8,000 km *
OR EVERY 12 MONTHS,
WHICH EVER COMES FIRST
* Turbo-charged models
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American Petroleum Institute (API) labels. These labels certify the oil conforms to the
applicable standards and specifications of the API.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 8:12 Power steering fluid, Brake/clutch fluid reservoir
Power steering fluid
The dipstick has marks for checking hot and cold oil. The oil level when the engine is cold must never
be higher than the COLD mark. After the engine has reached normal operating temperature, the level
may not be higher than the HOT mark. Top up when the level is at the ADD mark.
Check the level at every service.
Fluid type: ATF
Replace: no fluid change required.
Brake and clutch systems
The brake and clutch systems share the same fluid reservoir. The fluid level should be between the MIN
and MAX marks.
Fluid type: DOT 4+
Replace: Every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or
every 15,000 miles (25,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)
Check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the " MIN " mark of the fluid reservoir.
Always entrust brake/clutch fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer.
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pg. 8:13 Automatic transmission fluid
Check the oil level as follows:
Park the car on a level surface with the engine idling . Slowly move the gear selector lever through all
the shift positions and then to position P. Wait 3 minutes before checking the oil level.
As the illustration shows, the dipstick has a COLD and a HOT side. The oil level should between the
MIN and MAX marks. Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth.
WARNING! The oil may be very
hot.
Do not use rags that could leave lint on the dipstick. The transmission is topped up via the dipstick tube.
The space between the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick corresponds to 0.5 US qt. (0.5 liter). Do
not fill the transmission with too much oil, since this can result in oil being ejected from the
transmission. Too little oil, on the other hand, can negatively affect transmission operation, particularly
in very cold weather.
A Cold transmission: oil temperature 105° F (40° C). This is a normal temperature for the transmission
after idling for about 10 minutes. At oil temperatures below 105° F (40° C), the level may be below the
MIN mark.
B Warm transmission: oil temperature 169° F (80° C). This temperature after driving for about 30
minutes. At oil temperatures above 190° F (90° C), the level may be above the MAX mark.
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Fluid type: ATF Dexron IIE/III and Mercon.
WARNING! Oil spilled on a hot exhaust pipe constitutes a fire
risk.
pg. 8:14 Drive belt, Air pump system
A - crankshaft, B - A/C compressor,
C - generator, D - power steering pump
Belt check
Check the belt regularly to make sure it is in good condition and is clean. A worn or dirty belt can cause
poor cooling and low generator output as well as impair the operation of the power steering and the air
conditioning unit.
NOTE : The belt on the 850 is equipped with a self-tensioning mechanism and requires no adjustment
between changes.
WARNING! The engine must not be running when this check is
performed.
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Air pump system (certain models)
When the engine is being started from cold, an electrical air pump which draws air to the exhaust system
is activated. This starts an afterburning process which leads to reduced hydrocarbon and carbon
monoxide (HC and CO) emissions and reduces the warm-up period for the catalytic converter.
The pump starts when the car has been started and is moving. It continues to work until the catalytic
converter has reached normal working temperature, although it can also start when the engine is idling.
If the air pump is running and the engine is switched off, the pump continues working in order to protect
the pump motor.
NOTE: A soft whining noise can be heard from the pump, and when it performs a self-diagnosis, the
high/low beam and the instrument lighting will flash briefly. This is completely normal.
pg. 8:15 Windshield washer nozzles, Washer fluid reservoir
Adjusting washer nozzles
The washer jets should spray the windshield as shown above. Use the edge of a small screwdriver to
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adjust the nozzles if necessary. Please use caution to avoid damaging the paintwork.
Washer fluid reservoir
The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 3.2 US qts. (3.0
liters).
During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze.
pg. 8:16 Coolant
Check coolant level
The cooling system must be filled with coolant and not leak to operate at maximum efficiency. Check
the coolant level regularly. The level should be between the "MAX" and "MIN" marks on the expansion
tank. The check should be made with particular thoroughness when the engine is new or when the
cooling system has been drained.
Do not remove the filler cap other than for topping up with coolant. Frequent removal may prevent
coolant circulation between the engine and the expansion tank during engine warm up and cooling.
Changing coolant
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Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, use the following
procedure:
1 Remove the expansion tank cap.
2 Move the temperature adjustment control to max. heat. Open the drain cocks at the rear left of the
engine block and at the bottom right corner of the radiator.
3 Disconnect the lower right radiator hose.
Filling:
4 Close the drain cocks and reconnect the hose.
5 Fill the expansion tank to the MAX mark or slightly above.
6 Run the engine until hot. Check the cooling system connections for tightness. Recheck the coolant
level.
Capacity: Approx. 7.6 US qts. (7.2 liters)
Turbo-charged models - 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)
Coolant: Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only
NOTE: Do not top up with water only. Water by itself reduces the rust-protective and anti-freeze
qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it
should freeze.
WARNING: If the engine is warm and you are going to top up coolant, unscrew the cap slowly in
order to allow any excess pressure to escape.
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CAUTION: The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level. If it is not kept filled,
there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/coolant may not be mixed.
pg. 8:17 Engine compartment
Engine compartment 850
(engine B 5254 S)
Engine Compartment Illustration
1 Expansion tank, coolant
2 Engine designation plate
3 Oil filler cap, engine
4 Clutch/brake system fluid reservoir
5 Fuse box
6 Washer fluid reservoir
7 Power steering fluid reservoir
8 Dipstick - engine oil
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9 Dipstick - automatic transmission
10 Air cleaner
11 Battery
12 Data plate
WARNING! The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has
been switched off.
pg. 8:18 Engine compartment (cont.)
Engine compartment 850 Turbo
(engine B 5234 T)
Engine Compartment Illustration
1 Expansion tank, coolant
2 Engine designation plate
3 Oil filler cap, engine
4 Clutch/brake system fluid reservoir
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5 Fuse box
6 Washer fluid reservoir
7 Power steering fluid reservoir
8 Dipstick - engine oil
9 Dipstick - automatic transmission
10 Air cleaner
11 Battery
12 Data plate
WARNING! The cooling fan may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has
been switched off.
Contents | Top of Page
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Specifications
pg. 9:1 Specifications
Specifications
This chapter contains facts and figures pertaining to the technical specifications of your car.
pg. 9:2 Oil/Fluids specifications
pg. 9:3 Engine specifications
pg. 9:4 Cooling/fuel distributor ignition systems
pg. 9:4 Front/rear suspensions
pg. 9:5 Transmission, Capacities, Vehicle loading
pg. 9:6 Electrical system/bulbs
pg. 9:7 Dimensions and weights
pg. 9:8 Service manuals, Road assistance
pg. 9:2 Oil/fluid specifications
Oil quality
Meeting API specification SG, SG/CD, SH or Energy Conserving (EC) II
For best fuel economy and engine protection, consult with your authorized Volvo retailer for
recommended oils. Oil with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection.
Synthetic oils complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for : driving in areas of
sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long distances or for prolonged
driving in mountainous areas.
Extra oil additives must not be used unless advised by an authorized Volvo retailer.
NOTE: SAE 15 W-40 oil should only be used in extreme operating conditions such as trailer towing in
sustained ambient temperatures over 104° F (40° C). However, SAE 10W-30 synthetic oil would be a
better alternative in such conditions.
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SAE 15W-30 should not be used under normal operating conditions.
Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):
Engine oil
Quality: Meeting API specification SG
or SH
Capacity (incl. filter) : 6.1 US
qts. (5.8 liters)*
Automatic transmission
fluid
Quality: ATF Dexron IIE/ III and
Mercon
Capacity: 8 US qts. (7.6 liters)
Manual transmission fluid
Quality: Volvo synthetic gearbox oil
1161423
Capacity: 2.2 US qts (2.1
liters)
Power steering fluid
Quality: ATF
Capacity: 0.85 US qts. (0.8
liters)
Capacity: 0.64 US qts. (0.6
liters)
Brake fluid
Quality: DOT 4+
* Turbo-charged models: Add
0.95 qts. (0.9 liters) if the oil
cooler has been drained
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
pg. 9:3 Engine
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Engine
Liquid-cooled gasoline, 5-cylinder, in-line engine. Aluminum alloy cylinder block with cast-iron
cylinder liners cast directly into block. Aluminum alloy cylinder head with double overhead camshafts
and separate intake and outlet channels.
Engine lubrication is provided by an eccentric pump driven from the crankshaft. Full-flow type oil filter.
Exhaust emission control accomplished by multiport fuel injection, heated oxygen sensor(s) and threeway catalytic converter
Designation: Volvo B 5254 S
Output 168 hp at 6200 rpm (125 kw 103 rps)
Max torque 162.3 ft. lbs. at 4700 rpm (220 Nm/55 rps)
Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.27" (83 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.4 liters
Compression ratio 10.5:1
Number of valves 20
Valve clearance Self-adjusting
Designation: Volvo B 5254 T
Output 190 hp at 5100 rpm (142 kw/85 rps)
Max torque 199 ft. lbs. at 1800-4998 rpm (270 Nm/30-83.3 rps)
Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.27" (83 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.4 liters
Compression ratio 9.0:1
Number of valves 20
Valve clearance Self-adjusting
Designation: Volvo B 5234 T Turbo
Output 222 hp at 5280 rpm (166 kw/88 rps)
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Max torque 221 ft. lbs. at 2000-5280 rpm (300 Nm/33-88 rps)
Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.19" (81 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.3 liters
Compression ratio 8.5:1
Number of valves 20
Valve clearance Self-adjusting
Designation: Volvo B 5234 850 R Turbo
Output 222 hp at 5280 rpm* (166 kw/88 rps)*
Max torque 221 ft. lbs. at 2000-5280 rpm (300 Nm/33-88 rps)*
Number of cylinders 5
Bore 3.19" (81 mm)
Stroke 3.54" (90 mm)
Displacement 2.3 liters
Compression ratio 8.5:1
Number of valves 20
Valve clearance Self-adjusting
* The 850 R turbo engine generates increased power on cars equipped with an automatic transmission
for 30 seconds:
237 hp at 5600 rpm (177 Kw at 94 rps)
Torque:
221 ft. lbs. at 2000-5600 rpm (300 Nm at 33-94 rps)
The output power on cars with a manual transmission is:
247 hp at 5400 rpm (184 Kw at 90 rps)
Torque:
258 ft. lbs. at 2400-5000 rpm (350 Nm at 40-83 rps)
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
pg. 9:4 Specifications (cont.)
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Cooling system
Type: Positive pressure, closed system
Thermostat begins to open at 186°F (87°C)
Turbo-charged models 180° F (87° C)
Coolant: Volvo original coolant/anti-freeze
Capacity: 7.6 US qts. (7.2 liters)
Turbo-charged models - 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)
Fuel system
The engine is equipped with a multiport fuel injection system
Distributor ignition system
Firing order 1-2-4-5-3
Distributor ignition setting Not adjustable
Spark plugs Bosch FR 6 DC (or equivalent)
Turbo-charged models: Champion RC7GYC (or equivalent)
Spark plug gap 0.028" (0.7 mm)
Tightening torque 18.4 ft. lbs. +/- 3.7 ft. lbs. (25 Nm +/- 5 Nm)
Front suspension
Spring strut suspension with integrated shock absorbers and control arm linked to the support frame.
Power-assisted rack and pinion steering. Safety type steering column.
The alignment specifications apply to an unladen car but include fuel, coolant, and spare wheel.
Toe-in measured on the wheel rims: 2.4 mm +/- 0.7 mm
Toe-in measured on tire sides: 2.9 +/- 0.9 mm
Rear Suspension
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Delta-link individual rear-wheel suspension with longitudinal support arms, double link arms and track
rods.
Toe-in measured on the tire sides: 4° +/- 10°
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 9:5 Specifications (cont.)
Power transmission
Manual transmission: M 56 H
Single-disc dry plate clutch. All-synchromesh on all gears including reverse; integrated final drive.
Operation via a floor mounted gear lever.
Final drive ratio 4.00:1
Reduction ratios
1st gear 3.07:1
2nd gear 1.77:1
3rd gear 1.19:1
4th gear 0.87:1
5th gear 0.70:1
Reverse 2.99:1
Automatic transmission: AW 50-42 LE
4-speed automatic electronically controlled gearbox comprising a hydraulic torque converter with a lockup function; planetary gear, integrated final drive.
Operation via a floor mounted gear selector lever. Drive shafts with symmetrical joint location.
Final drive ratio 2.74:1 (Turbo-charged models: 2.54:1)
Reduction ratios
1st gear 3.61:1
2nd gear 2.06:1
3rd gear 1.37:1
4th gear 0.98:1
Reverse 3.95:1
Capacities
Fuel tank 19.3 US gals (73 liters)
Cooling System 7.4 US qts. (7.0 liters)
Engine oil (incl. filter) 6.1 US qts. (5.8 liters)*
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1997 Volvo 850
Automatic transmission 2 US gals (7.6 liters)
Manual transmission 2.2 US qts. (2.1 liters)
Power steering fluid 0.8 US qts. (0.8 liter)
Washer fluid reservoir 3.2 US qts. (3.0 liters)
Brake/clutch system 0.6 US qts (0.6 liters)
* Turbo-charged models: Add 0.95 US qt. (0.9 liters) if the oil cooler has been drained.
Vehicle Loading
The tires on your Volvo should perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as
recommended on the tire information label. The label is located on the inside of the fuel filler flap. The
label lists both tire and vehicle design limits. Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.
WARNING! Improperly inflated tires will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can
possibly lead to failure resulting in loss of vehicle control prior warning.
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
pg. 9:6 Specifications (cont.)
Electrical system
12 Volt, negative ground.
Voltage-controlled generator. Single-wire system with chassis and engine used as conductors.
Battery
Voltage 12 V
Capacity 520 A/100 min
(certain markets) 420 A/75 min
The battery contains corrosive and poisonous acids. It is of the utmost importance that old batteries are
disposed of correctly. Your Volvo retailer can assist you in this matter.
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1997 Volvo 850
Generator
Rated output 1400 W
Max. current 100 A
Bulbs
Socket
No/
bulbs
HB3/9005 70W
HB4/9006 60W
–
–
2
2
Front parking lights/turn signals
1157 N.
A.
21/5 W/24/2.2
cp
BAY 15 d
2
Turn signals, rear
–
21W
BAU 15 s
2
Tail lights (sedan)
67
5 W/4cp
BA 15 s
4
Tail lights (wagon)
–
21/4W
BAZ 15 d
4
Brake lights
1156
21W/32cp
BA 15 s
2
High-mounted brake lights
1156
21W/32cp
BA 15 s
1
Brake lights in spoiler
–
5W
W
2.1x9.5d
6
Bulb
US No.
Power
Socket
No/
bulbs
Back-up lights
1156
21W/32cp
BA 15 s
2
Rear fog light (sedan)
1156
21W/32cp
BA 15 s
1
Rear fog light (wagon)
–
21/4W
BAZ 15 d
1
Front fog lights
H3
55 W
PK 22 s
2
License plate light
–
5W
W
2.1x9.5d
2
Door open warning light
–
3W
W
2.1x9.5d
4
Door step courtesy light
–
5W
W
2.1x9.5d
2
Trunk light
–
10 W
SV 8.5
1
Bulb
US No.
Headlights
High beam
Low beam
Power
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1997 Volvo 850
Glove compartment light
–
2W
BA 9s
1
Vanity mirror lights
–
1.2 W
–
2
Instrument lighting
–
3W
W
2.1x9.5d
3
Illumination, control panel
gear selector (automatic trans.)
rear ashtray
–
–
–
1.2 W
1.2 W
1.2 W
W 2x4.6 d
W 2x4.6 d
W 2x4.6 d
–
1
1
Instrument warning/indicator
lights
–
1.2 W
W 2x4.6 d
–
Front courtesy lights
–
5W
BA 9s
2
Rear reading lights
–
5W
BA 9s
2
All specifications are subject to change without notice
pg. 9:7 Specifications (cont.)
Dimensions and weights
Length (sedan) 183.5 in. (466 cm)
(wagon) 185.4 in. (471 cm)
Width 69.3 in. (176 cm)
Height (sedan) 55.7 in. (141 cm)
(wagon) 56.9 in. (145 cm)
Wheelbase 104.9 in. (266 cm)
Track, front 59.8 in. (152 cm)
Track, rear 57.9 in. (147 cm)
Turning circle (between
curbs) 33.5 ft. (10.2 m)
Turbo-charged models 34.8 ft. (10.6 m)
Cargo capacity
Sedan (seat up) 14.7 cu. ft. (0.44 m³)
Wagon (seat up) 37.1 cu. ft. (1.1 m³)
Sedan (seat down) 33.2 cu. ft. (0.99 m³)
Wagon (seat down) 67.0 cu. ft. (2.0 m³)
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1997 Volvo 850
WARNING! When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total
loaded weight capacity of the vehicle must not be exceeded.
Gross vehicle weight (GVW) USA Canada
850 (sedan) 4180 lbs (1896 kg) 1900 kg
850 (wagon) 4340 lbs (1969 kg) 1970 kg
850 Turbo (sedan) 4250 lbs (1928 kg) 1930 kg
850 Turbo (wagon) 4340 lbs (1969 kg) 1970 kg
Capacity Weight *
850 (sedan) 925 lbs (420 kg) 420 kg
850 (wagon) 1015 lbs (460 kg) 465 kg
850 Turbo (sedan) 925 lbs (420 kg) 420 kg
850 Turbo (wagon) 965 lbs (438 kg) 435 kg
850 R Turbo (sedan) 885 lbs (401 kg) 405 kg
850 R Turbo (wagon) 900 lbs (408 kg) 410 kg
Curb weight USA Canada
850 sedan 3130-3340 lbs (1419-1515 kg) 1410-1515 kg
850 wagon 3230-3440 lbs (1465-1560 kg) 1460-1560 kg
Permissible axle weight, front
850 (sedan) 2240 lbs (1016 kg) 1020 kg
850 (wagon) 2240 lbs (1016 kg) 1020 kg
850 Turbo (sedan) 2290 lbs (1039 kg) 1040 kg
850 Turbo (wagon) 2290 lbs (1039 kg) 1040 kg
Permissible axle weight, rear
850 (sedan) 1980 lbs (898 kg) 900 kg
850 (wagon) 2220 lbs (1007 kg) 1010 kg
850 Turbo (sedan) 1980 lbs (898 kg) 900 kg
850 Turbo (wagon) 2220 lbs (1007 kg) 1010 kg
Max. roof load ** 220 lbs (100 kg) 100 kg
Max. trailer weight
(w/o brakes) 1100 lbs (500 kg) 500 kg
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1997 Volvo 850
(with brakes)
2" ball 3300 lbs (1500 kg) 1500 kg
1 7/8" ball 2000 lbs (908 kg) 900 kg
Max. tongue weight *** 165 lbs (75 kg) 75 kg
* The max permissible axle loads or the gross vehicle weight must not be exceeded.
** For permanent roof racks, check the manufacturer's weight specifications.
*** See also section "Trailer towing"
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
pg. 9:8 Service manuals, Road assistance
Service Manuals for your Volvo are available for purchase. These are the same manuals used by
competent Volvo technicians.
Major sections within the Service Manual System include: 0- General Information; 1- Lubrication and
Service; 2- Engine; 3- Electrical System; 4- Power Transmission; 5- Brakes; 6- Suspension and Steering;
7- Springs Shock Absorbers and Wheels; 8- Body and Interior.
A Literature Catalog Request Card was placed in the car prior to delivery from the retailer to you.
Complete ordering information is provided.
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1997 Volvo 850
Volvo supports Voluntary Mechanic Certification by the A.S.E. Certified mechanics have demonstrated
a high degree of competence in specific areas. Besides passing exams each mechanic must also have
worked in the field for two or more years before a certificate is issued. These professional mechanics are
fully able to analyze vehicle problems and perform the necessary service procedures to keep your Volvo
at peak operating condition.
NOTE: The above pertains to the USA only.
Your new Volvo comes with a four year road assistance program named ON-CALL. Additional
information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove
compartment.
All specifications are subject to change without notice.
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1997 Volvo 850
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