Servis-Rhino | 00781400C | Operator`s manual | Servis-Rhino 00781400C Operator`s manual

172
ROTARY MOWER
Published 08/12
Part No. 00781400C
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
This Operator's Manual is an
integral part of the safe operation
of this machine and must be
maintained with the unit at all
times. READ, UNDERSTAND, and
FOLLOW
the
Safety
and
Operation Instructions contained
in this manual before operating
the equipment. C01-Cover_R
RHINO
Important
Operating
and Safety Instructions
are found in the Mower
Safety Video that can
be instantly accessed
on the internet at:
www.algqr.com/rve
®
1020 S. Sangamon Ave.
Gibson City, IL 60936
800-446-5158
Email: parts@servis-rhino.com
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
$0.00
In order to reduce accidents and enhance the safe operation of mowers, Alamo Group Ag Division, in cooperation
with other industry manufacturers has developed the AEM/FEMA Industrial and Agricultural Mower Safety
Practices video and guide book.
The video will familiarize and instruct mower-tractor operators in safe practices when using industrial and
agricultural mowing equipment. It is important that Every Mower Operator be educated in the operation of their
mowing equipment and be able to recognize the potential hazards that can occur while operating a mower. This
video, along with the mower operator’s manual and the warning messages on the mower, will significantly assist in
this important education.
Your Authorized Rhino Dealer may have shown this video and presented you a DVD Video when you purchased
your mower. If you or any mower operator have not seen this video, Watch the Video, Read this Operator’s
Manual, and Complete the Video Guidebook before operating your new mower. If you do not understand any of
the instructions included in the video or operator’s manual or if you have any questions concerning safety of
operation, contact your supervisor, dealer or Alamo Group Ag.
If you would like a VHS video tape of the video, please email AEMVideo@alamo-group.com or Fax AEM VHS
Video at (830) 372-9529 or mail in a completed copy of the form on the back of this page to AEM VHS Video 1502
E Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155. and request the VHS video version. Please include your name, mailing
address, mower model and serial number.
Every operator should be trained for each piece of equipment (Tractor and Mower), understand the intended use,
and the potential hazards before operating the equipment.
The information and material listed above along with this Operator’s Manual can assist you in meeting the OSHA
requirement for Operator annual training.
OSHA TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
The following training requirements have been taken from Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part
1928.57 (a)(6). www.osha.gov
Operator Instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter, the employer shall instruct
every employee who operates and agricultural tractor or implement in the safe operating practices and servicing of
equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the work environment.
Alamo Group Ag. Division will provide
one (1) AEM Mower Safety Practices Video
Please Send Me:
VHS Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
DVD Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
Mower Operator’s Manual
AEM Mower Operator’s Safety Manual
Requester Name:_________________________________Phone:___________________________
Requester Address: ___________________________________________
City:_____________________________________
State: ____________________________________
Zip Code:_________________________________
Mower Model:___________________________Serial Number:_____________________________
Date Purchased:__________________________Dealer Salesperson:_________________________
Dealership Name:________________________ Dealership Location:________________________
Mail to:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
Or Fax to:
(830) 372-9529
Or Email to:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
To the Owner/Operator/Dealer
This Operator's Manual is an integral part of the safe operation of this machine and must be maintained with the
implement at all times. A Manual canister is provided on the implement where this manual can be properly stored.
If you lose or damage this manual a free replacement manual can be obtained from an authorized Rhino dealer or
by down loading the manual from the Rhino website www.servis-rhino.com
BEFORE YOU START! READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the information provided in this manual, the AEM
Mower Safety manual and the tractor operator's manual carefully to learn how to operate and service your machine
properly. Failure to do so could result in personal injury to you and bystanders. All implements with moving parts
are potentially hazardous. Every effort has been made to ensure that the machine is safe, but operators must avoid
engaging in unsafe practices and follow the written instructions provided. The manufacturer has designed this
implement to be used with all its safety equipment properly attached to minimize the chance of accidents.
SAFETY FIRST. Completely read and understand the safety section of this manual before operating this
equipment. Do not allow anyone to operate this equipment who has not fully read and understood this manual.
Contact your Dealer to explain any instructions that you do not fully understand.
The care you give your Rhino Implement will greatly determine your satisfaction with its performance and its
service life. Carefully read and follow the instructions in this manual to provide you with a thorough understanding
of your new implement and its intended use and service requirements.
All references made in this manual to right, left, front, rear, top or bottom are as viewed facing the direction of
forward travel with the implement properly attached to the tractor.
Replacement Parts information is located in a separate Parts Manual. Rhino mowers use balanced and matched
system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components,
and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Rhino specifications. Non-genuine “will fit” parts do not
consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will fit” parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties,
and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Rhino mower parts for economy and safety.
For future reference, record your Rhino product model number and serial number.
Dealer
Telephone
Model Number
Owner
Purchase Date
Serial Number
SERIAL NUMBER PLATE
DEALER to CUSTOMER Pre-Delivery / Operation
Instructions
Dealer should inform the Purchaser of this product of Warranty terms, provisions, and procedures that are
applicable. Dealer should also inform the Purchaser to review the contents of the Operator’s Manual including
safety equipment, safe operation, and maintenance, to review the Safety Signs on implement (and tractor if
possible), and Purchaser’s responsibility to train his/her operators of safe operation procedures.
•
IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that Deflectors, Chain Guards, or Solid Skirts must be installed and
maintained in good repair.
•
DRIVELINES: I have made certain that all driveline, gearbox, and other shields are in good repair and fastened
securely in place to prevent injuries from entanglement or thrown objects.
•
HYDRAULIC MACHINES: I have explained the necessity of using clean hydraulic oil, changing filters as
instructed, stopping leaks, damage caused by operating with over-heated oil, caring for hoses, using hoses of
proper rating, maintaining the specified operating pressure and the potential hazard of oil’s penetrating the
skin.
•
FOLDING-TYPE IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that it is not possible to guard against thrown objects when
the head is lifted off ground and that operator is responsible to watch out for persons in the area. I have
explained that the lifted mower head or boom can contact overhead obstructions with damage to cables and
telephone lines and possible injury. I have explained that the extended head or boom or retracted boom can
contact power lines with resulting electrocution, injury or death and that operator is responsible for keeping
clear of such hazards.
PRE-DELIVERY SERVICE
CHECK AND ADJUST OR LUBRICATE AS REQUIRED
See Operator’s Manual for Details
Inspection Performed - Warranty and Safety Procedures Explained - Installation Complete
LUBRICATION & HYDRAULICS
MOWER TO TRACTOR CONNECTIONS
‡ Gearbox (Oil Levels)
‡ Draw Bar Length (Check And Set)
‡ Hydraulic Oil Level (External Tank)
‡ A-Frame Pivot & Links
‡ Tractor Hydraulic Oil Level
‡ Control Rods (Adjusted Equal)
‡ Hydraulic Hoses (Not Kinked Tighten Connections)
‡ Axle Height (Adjusted)
‡ Front Pump Drive (Assembly Is Tight And Shaft Properly ‡ Cutting Height (Adjust)
Aligned)
‡ Mount Kit-Pre-Operation Check Complete
‡ Mower Wing (Adjust Level With The Center)
MOWER
‡ Mower Wing (Check For Proper Raising Operation)
‡ Spindle And Motor Bolts Properly Torqued
‡ C.V. Drivelines (Check Max Turn Radius)
‡ Spindle Oil Level
‡ Pull Type Hitch (Height Adjustment)
‡ Blade Carrier Bolts Properly Torqued/Retaining Pin In ‡ Mounting Hardware Properly Torqued
Place
‡ Mower Cutting Height And Level Adjusted
‡ Cutting Shaft Bearings Lubricated
‡ All Hardware Properly Torqued
‡ Tire and Air Pressure/Lug Nuts (Correct Torque)
‡ Wheel Bearings (Check, Grease, and Preload)
ATTACHMENTS & INSTALLATION
‡ Deflectors Front And Rear
‡ Shredding Attachments
‡ Correct Blade Rotation Direction
‡ Axle Arms And Beams
‡ Tongue And Control Rods (Installed And Adjusted)
‡ All Bolts - Pins And Nuts (Proper Torque)
SAFETY ITEMS
‡ Protective Shields (Operation And Installation)
‡ Driveline Clutch (Torque Limiter) (Adjust And Run In)
‡ Safety Decals (Installed)
‡ Operator’s Manual (Supplied)
‡ Tractor PTO Shield (Installed)
‡ S.M.V. Emblem (Installed If Needed)
‡ Tongue Jack (Installation and Operation)
‡ Safety Tow Chain (Installed)
‡ ADMA Driveline Safety Manual Supplied
‡ AEM Mower Safety Manual (Supplied in Canister)
‡ AEM Mower Safety Video has been shown to Purchaser
Table of Contents
SAFETY SECTION ........................................................................................ 1-1
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES ................................................................................ 1-2
OPERATOR SAFETY ....................................................................................................................................... 1-3
CONNECTION OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY ....................................................................... 1-4
CRUSHING HAZARDS ..................................................................................................................................... 1-5
THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS ........................................................................................................................ 1-6
RUN OVER HAZARDS ..................................................................................................................................... 1-8
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS .................................................................................................................. 1-9
MOWER BLADE CONTACT HAZARDS ........................................................................................................ 1-10
HIGH PRESSURE OILLEAK HAZARDS ........................................................................................................ 1-11
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARDS ................................................................................................................... 1-12
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS ......................................................................................................................... 1-13
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT ..................................................................................... 1-14
PARTS INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................. 1-15
Decal Location ................................................................................................................................................ 1-16
Decal Description ............................................................................................................................................ 1-18
Federal Laws and Regulations ....................................................................................................................... 1-24
INTRODUCTION SECTION ........................................................................... 2-1
Equipment Specifications .................................................................................................................................. 2-3
KEY OPERATION POINTS .............................................................................................................................. 2-4
Operating Noise Level/Sound Pressure ............................................................................................................ 2-4
Warranty information ......................................................................................................................................... 2-4
RHINO LIMITED WARRANTY .......................................................................................................................... 2-5
ASSEMBLY SECTION ................................................................................... 3-1
DEALER SETUP INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................................... 3-2
SHIELD ASSEMBLY ......................................................................................................................................... 3-3
A-FRAME INSTALLATION (Standard Hitch) .................................................................................................... 3-4
TAIL WHEEL INSTALLATION (Standard or Quick Hitch) ................................................................................ 3-4
A-FRAME INSTALLATION (Quick Hitch) ......................................................................................................... 3-5
SHEAR BOLT or SLIP CLUTCH DRIVELINE INSTALLATION ........................................................................ 3-6
Front and Rear Deflectors (Standard Equipment) ............................................................................................ 3-7
Front Rubber Fabric Deflectors ......................................................................................................................... 3-7
Rear Deflector ................................................................................................................................................... 3-7
CHAIN GUARDS (Optional Equipment) ........................................................................................................... 3-8
Front Chain Guards .......................................................................................................................................... 3-8
Rear Chain Guard ............................................................................................................................................. 3-8
CHECK CHAINS (Extra Equipment) ................................................................................................................. 3-9
OFFSET ADAPTER HITCH (EXTRA EQUIPMENT) ...................................................................................... 3-10
OPERATION SECTION ................................................................................. 4-1
OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................................................................ 4-3
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................................................................... 4-4
ROPS and Seat Belt ......................................................................................................................................... 4-4
Tractor Safety Devices ...................................................................................................................................... 4-4
Tractor Horsepower .......................................................................................................................................... 4-5
3-Point Hitch ..................................................................................................................................................... 4-5
Front End Weight .............................................................................................................................................. 4-5
Power Take Off (PTO) ...................................................................................................................................... 4-6
GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR ........................................................................................................ 4-6
Boarding the Tractor ......................................................................................................................................... 4-7
Dismounting the Tractor .................................................................................................................................... 4-7
STARTING THE TRACTOR ............................................................................................................................. 4-8
CONNECTING THE MOWER TO THE TRACTOR .......................................................................................... 4-8
Connecting Mower-Lift Type ............................................................................................................................. 4-9
3-Point Quick Hitch ......................................................................................................................................... 4-10
Connecting Mower - Lift Type (Quick Hitch) ................................................................................................... 4-10
Safety Tow Chain ............................................................................................................................................ 4-11
SETTING THE MOWER ................................................................................................................................. 4-11
Setting Mower Height- Lift Type - (Standard or Quick Hitch) .......................................................................... 4-12
Setting Deck Pitch ........................................................................................................................................... 4-14
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT ........................................................................................................................... 4-14
Driveline Length Check ................................................................................................................................... 4-15
PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE .......................................................................................... 4-16
Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service ....................................................................................................... 4-17
Mower Pre-Operation Inspection/Service ....................................................................................................... 4-17
Cutting Component Inspection ........................................................................................................................ 4-21
Blade Bolt Inspection ...................................................................................................................................... 4-23
DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT ................................................................................................ 4-26
Starting the Tractor ......................................................................................................................................... 4-27
Brake and Differential Lock Setting ................................................................................................................. 4-27
Raising the Mower .......................................................................................................................................... 4-28
Driving the Tractor and Mower ........................................................................................................................ 4-28
Crossing Ditches and Steep Inclines .............................................................................................................. 4-29
OPERATING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT .......................................................................................... 4-30
Foreign Debris Hazards .................................................................................................................................. 4-31
Bystanders/Passersby Precautions ................................................................................................................ 4-31
Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO) .............................................................................................................. 4-32
PTO RPM and Ground Speed ........................................................................................................................ 4-33
Operating the Mower ...................................................................................................................................... 4-33
Right of Way (Highway) Mowing ..................................................................................................................... 4-36
Shutting Down the Implement ......................................................................................................................... 4-37
DISCONNECTING THE MOWER FROM THE TRACTOR ............................................................................ 4-37
MOWER STORAGE ....................................................................................................................................... 4-39
TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT .................................................................................. 4-39
Tire and Wheels .............................................................................................................................................. 4-40
Transporting on Public Roadways .................................................................................................................. 4-41
Hauling the Tractor and Implement ................................................................................................................. 4-42
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE ....................................................................................................................... 4-43
MAINTENANCE SECTION ............................................................................ 5-1
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT ....................................................................................... 5-2
PARTS INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................... 5-3
Lubrication ........................................................................................................................................................ 5-3
Gearbox Lubrication .......................................................................................................................................... 5-5
Comer Gearbox ................................................................................................................................................ 5-5
BLADE SERVICING ......................................................................................................................................... 5-7
BLADE SHARPENING ..................................................................................................................................... 5-8
BLADE CARRIER REMOVAL .......................................................................................................................... 5-9
BLADE CARRIER INSPECTION ...................................................................................................................... 5-9
BLADE CARRIER INSTALLATION ................................................................................................................ 5-10
BLADE REMOVAL .......................................................................................................................................... 5-10
Blade Bolt Inspection ...................................................................................................................................... 5-11
SLIP CLUTCH ................................................................................................................................................. 5-12
STORAGE ...................................................................................................................................................... 5-13
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS ......................................................................................................... 5-13
GEARBOX SERVICING ................................................................................................................................. 5-15
Gearbox Assembly .......................................................................................................................................... 5-16
GEARBOX SERVICING ON COMER GEARBOX .......................................................................................... 5-20
Disassembly .................................................................................................................................................... 5-21
Assembly ........................................................................................................................................................ 5-23
SAFETY SECTION
Safety Section 1-1
SAFETY
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES
SAFETY
A careful operator is the best operator. Safety is of primary importance to the manufacturer and should be to
the owner/operator. Most accidents can be avoided by being aware of your equipment, your surroundings,
and observing certain precautions. The first section of this manual includes a list of Safety Messages that, if
followed, will help protect the operator and bystanders from injury or death. Read and understand these
Safety Messages before assembling, operating or servicing this Implement. This equipment should only be
operated by those persons who have read the manual, who are responsible and trained, and who know how
to do so responsibly.
The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen below, is used throughout this
manual and on decals which are attached to the equipment. The Safety Alert Symbol means:
“ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!” The Symbol and Signal Word
are intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury
faced when operating this equipment.
Practice all usual and customary safe working precautions and above all--remember safety is up to YOU. Only YOU can prevent serious injury or death
from unsafe practices.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR
VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR
INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result in
damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments or the environment.
NOTE: Identifies points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation or repair.
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages. Serious injury or
death may occur unless care is taken to follow the warnings and instructions stated in this
Manual and in the Safety Messages on the implement. Always follow the instruction in this
manual and use good common sense to avoid hazards.
NOTE: If you want a translation of this safety section in one of the following Languages, please contact:
Translations at 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529; Safety Section Translations
are available in Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Russian. PN GS01
172 08/12
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-2
SAFETY
OPERATOR SAFETY
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
READ, UNDERSTAND and FOLLOW Operator's Manual instructions, Warnings and Safety Messages.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, safety shoes, hard hat, hearing protection and gloves when operating or
repairing equipment
WEAR appropriate breathing respirator when operating in dusty conditions to avoid respiratory diseases.
DO NOT WEAR loose clothing or jewelry to avoid rotating parts entanglement injury.
DO NOT USE DRUGS or ALCOHOL before or while operating equipment.
DO NOT ALLOW anyone to operate equipment under the influence of drug or alcohol.
CONSULT medical professional for medication impairment side effects.
STAY ALERT, prolonged operation can cause fatigue, STOP and REST.
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
VISIBILITY CONDITIONS WHEN MOWING:
•
•
OPERATE IN DAYLIGHT or with lights that gives at least 100 yards clear visibility.
BE ABLE TO SEE and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions,
power lines, debris and foreign objects.
GROUND SPEED WHEN MOWING:
•
•
•
NORMAL SPEED range is between 2 to 5mph.
ADJUST MOWING SPEED for terrain conditions and grass type, density and cut height.
REDUCE MOWING SPEED when near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines and to avoid debris and foreign objects.
INSECT INFESTATION
•
Do Not operate in areas where bees or insects may attack unless you WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
or use enclosed tractor cab.
PTO SPEED:
•
•
DO NOT EXCEED IMPLEMENT RATED PTO SPEED
AVOID exceeding rated PTO speeds that may result in broken drivelines or blade failures.
SAFETY SIGNS:
•
REPLACE missing, damaged or unreadable safety signs immediately.
172 08/12
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-3
PN OS01
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH DO THE FOLLOWING:
SAFETY
SAFETY
CONNECTION OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM BEING CRUSHED BY TRACTOR OR
IMPLEMENT:
WHEN BACKING tractor to implement hitch:
•
DO NOT ALLOW BYSTANDERS between tractor and implement
BEFORE connecting and disconnecting implement hitch:
•
STOP TRACTOR ENGINE, place transmission into park, engage parking brake and remove key.
WHEN connecting and disconnecting implement hitch:
•
•
•
DO NOT crawl or walk under raised mower or wing.
USE tongue JACK to lift heavy implement tongues to control implement tongue movement.
AVOID overloading jack to prevent jack failure and injury.
WHEN CONNECTING IMPLEMENT DRIVELINE:
TO AVOID implement driveline coming loose during operation:
•
•
•
LUBRICATE yoke spring locking collar to ensure it freely slides on PTO shaft
SECURELY seat yoke locking balls in PTO shaft groove.
PUSH and PULL DRIVELINE on both the tractor and implement PTO SHAFTS to ensure it is SECURELY
ATTACHED
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
•
•
•
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
•
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause:
Excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by doubling operating speed.
Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas and entanglement hazards.
DO NOT connect the Mower to a tractor with the PTO directly connected to the Tractor transmission.
172 08/12
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-4
PN CD02
SAFETY
CRUSHING HAZARDS
•
•
•
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
KEEP ROPS lock in up position.
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
WHEN RAISING OR LOWERING IMPLEMENT:
•
•
•
Raise or lower ONLY WHILE SEATED in tractor seat with seat belt buckled.
Raise or lower ONLY when implement tongue is securely attached to tractor drawbar TO AVOID implement tip over.
KEEP BYSTANDERS CLEAR of area TO AVOID crushing.
LIFTED Equipment can fall from mechanical or hydraulic failure or inadvertent Control Lever movement.
TO AVOID EQUIPMENT FALLING while working near or under lifted wings, components and
implements raised by 3-Pointed tractor hitch:
•
•
SECURELY SUPPORT or block up raised equipment and components.
BLOCK UP and securely support equipment before putting hands, feet or body under raised equipment or lifted components.
WHEN PARKING Implement and Tractor:
•
•
LOWER implement, LOCK or BLOCK lifted parts before leaving equipment.
NEVER leave implement unattended in a raised position.
TO AVOID CHILDREN FALLING OFF OR BEING CRUSHED BY EQUIPMENT:
•
NEVER ALLOW children to play on or around Tractor or Implement.
WHEN UNHITCHING IMPLEMENT:
•
•
•
•
LOWER implement, LOCK or BLOCK lifted parts before leaving equipment.
USE tongue jack to control implement tongue movement.
USE tongue JACK to lift heavy implement tongues.
AVOID overloading jack to prevent jack failure and injury. PN CH02
172 08/12
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-5
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR, EQUIPMENT RUN OVER,
ROLLOVER AND CRUSHING BY FALLING WING OR IMPLEMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS
ROTARY MOWERS CAN THROW OBJECTS 300 FEET OR MORE UNDER ADVERSE
CONDITIONS.
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO OPERATOR OR BYSTANDERS FROM THROWN OBJECTS:
•
KEEP bystanders 300 feet away
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 300 FEET UNLESS:
•
•
•
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands,
Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
Mower sections or wing are adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
INSPECT AREA FOR POTENTIAL THROWN OBJECTS BEFORE MOWING:
•
REMOVE debris, rocks, wire, cable, metal objects and other foreign material from area.
Wire, cable, rope, chains and metal objects can be thrown or swing outside deck with great velocity:
1. MARK objects that cannot removed.
2. AVOID these objects when mowing.
HIGH GRASS and WEED AREA INSPECTION:
•
•
•
•
INSPECT for and REMOVE any hidden large debris.
MOW at Intermediate height
INSPECT and remove remaining debris
MOW at final height.
MOWER THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING:
•
•
KEEP all thrown object shielding including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands, Side
Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
DO NOT OPERATE with any thrown object shielding missing, damaged or removed.
RIGHT OF WAY (Highway) MOWING
•
•
USE DOUBLE CHAIN GUARDS for highway, right-of-way, parks or greenbelt mowing or all other mowing where
human dwellings, vehicles, or livestock could be within 300 feet of the mower.
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. To Reduce Possibility of Injury:
1. MAINTAIN MOWER SHIELDING, side skirts, skid shoes, and blades in good operational condition,
2. RAISE CUTTING HEIGHT to 6 INCHES minimum,
3. INSPECT AREA thoroughly before mowing to REMOVE potential THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS,
4. NEVER ALLOW BLADES to CONTACT SOLID OBJECTS like wire, rocks, post, curbs, guardrails, or ground
while mowing. PN TO02
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-6
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS (CONTINUED)
•
DO NOT exceed mower's rated Cutting Capacity or cut non-vegetative material.
•
USE ENCLOSED TRACTOR CABS when two or more mowers are operating in mowing area.
•
ADJUST mower sections or wing close and parallel to ground without exposing blades
•
ADJUST cutting HEIGHT to AVOID BLADE CONTACT with solid objects like wire, rocks, posts, curbs,
guard rails and fixed obstructions.
•
DO NOT operate mower when mower is raised or in transport position
•
STOP MOWING immediately if blades strike heavy objects, fixed structures, metal guard rails and concrete structures:
•
1. BLADES CAN FAIL from impact and objects can be thrown with great velocity.
2. INSPECT and REPLACE any damaged blades.
3. CHECK blade carrier balance and REPLACE if damaged.
DO NOT mow in standing water TO AVOID possible BLADE FAILURE.
•
AVOID MOWING in reverse:
•
1. STOP PTO and back up mower.
2. LOWER mower, engage PTO and mow forward.
STOP PTO and BLADES when raising implement or the mower to transport position.
•
DO NOT ENGAGE PTO with mower in transport position.
•
STOP mowing when EXCESSIVE VIBRATION occurs:
1. STOP PTO and tractor ENGINE.
2. INSPECT mower for vibration source
3. REPLACE any damage parts and bent or damaged BLADES.
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Safety Section 1-7
PN TO02-X
SAFETY
MOWER OPERATION:
SAFETY
SAFETY
RUN OVER HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR OR
EQUIPMENT RUN OVER:
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
•
KEEP ROPS locked in UP position.
•
ONLY start tractor while seated in tractor seat.
•
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
•
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
•
NEVER ALLOW RIDERS on tractor or implement.
WHEN MOUNTING AND DISMOUNTING TRACTOR:
•
ONLY mount or dismount when tractor and moving parts are stopped.
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop
and remove key before dismounting from tractor. PN RO01
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Safety Section 1-8
SAFETY
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS
STAY AWAY and KEEP hands, feet and body AWAY from rotating blades, drivelines and parts until all moving
elements have stopped.
•
STOP, LOOK and LISTEN before approaching the mower to make sure all rotating motion has stopped.
•
ROTATING COMPONENTS CONTINUE to ROTATE after the PTO is shut off.
PTO SHIELDING:
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM ENTANGLEMENT WHEN OPERATING IMPLEMENT:
•
KEEP PTO shields, integral driveline shields and input shields installed
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower without shields and guards in place or missing
•
REPAIR OR REPLACE if damage, broken or missing
•
ALWAYS REPLACE GUARDS that have been removed for service or maintenance.
•
Do Not use PTO or PTO guard as a step.
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.(Refer to Instructions in
Operation Section)
•
•
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
•
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft
•
AVOID sharp turns or lift mower to heights to cause driveline "knocking".
•
Lubricate driveshaft-telescoping components weekly.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by
doubling operating speed. Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas. PN PE01
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Safety Section 1-9
SAFETY
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING DRIVELINES AND ELEMENTS TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH:
SAFETY
SAFETY
MOWER BLADE CONTACT HAZARDS
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING BLADES TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM
BLADE CONTACT:
•
•
•
•
STAY AWAY and KEEP HANDS, FEET and BODY AWAY from rotating blades, drivelines and parts until all moving
elements have stopped.
DO NOT put hands or feet under mower decks
STOP rotating BLADES disengage PTO and wait for blade to stop rotating before raising mower deck or wings
STOP LOOK and LISTEN before approaching the mower to make sure all rotating motion has stopped. PN MB01
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Safety Section 1-10
SAFETY
HIGH PRESSURE OILLEAK HAZARDS
•
•
DO NOT OPERATE equipment with oil or fuel leaks.
KEEP all hydraulic hoses, lines and connections in GOOD CONDITION and TIGHT before applying system
pressure.
•
RELIEVE HYDRAULIC PRESSURE before disconnecting lines or working on the system.
•
REMOVE and replace hose if you suspect it leaks. Have dealer test it for leaks.
HIGH PRESSURE FLUID LEAKS CAN BE INVISIBLE.
WHEN CHECKING FOR HYDRAULIC LEAKS AND WORKING AROUND HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS:
•
ALWAYS WEAR safety glasses and impenetrable gloves.
•
USE paper or cardboard to search for leaks.
•
DO NOT USE hands or body parts to search for leak.
•
KEEP hands and body AWAY from pin holes and nozzles ejecting hydraulic fluid.
•
Hydraulic fluid may cause gangrene if not surgically removed immediately by a doctor familiar with this form of injury.
PN HP01
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Safety Section 1-11
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM HIGH PRESSURE HYDRAULIC OIL LEAKS
PENERATING SKIN:
SAFETY
SAFETY
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM ELECTRICAL CONTACT WHEN
WORKING AROUND ELECTRICAL POWER LINES, GAS LINES AND UTILITY LINES:
•
INSPECT mowing area for overhead or underground electrical power lines, obstructions, gas lines,
cables and Utility, Municipal, or other type structure.
•
DO NOT allow mower to contact with any Utility, Municipal, or type of structures and obstructions.
•
CALL 811 and 1-800-258-0808 for identify buried utility lines.
FIRE PREVENTION GUIDELINES while Operating, Servicing, and Repairing Mower and Tractor to
reduce equipment and grass fire Risk:
•
EQUIP Tractor with a FIRE EXTINGUISHER
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower on a tractor equipped with under frame exhaust
•
DO NOT SMOKE or have open flame near Mower or Tractor
•
DO NOT DRIVE into burning debris or freshly burnt area
•
AVOID FIRE IGNITION by not allowing mower blade to contact solid objects like metal or rock.
•
ADJUST SLIP CLUTCHES to avoid excessive slippage and clutch plate heating.
•
CLEAR any grass clippings or debris buildup around mower drivelines, slip clutches, and gearboxes.
•
SHUT OFF ENGINE while refueling.
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PN EF02
Safety Section 1-12
SAFETY
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS
•
KEEP transport speed BELOW 20 mph to maintain control of equipment.
•
REDUCE SPEED on inclines, on turns and in poor towing conditions.
•
DO NOT TOW with trucks or other vehicles
•
USE only properly sized and equipped tractor for towing equipment.
•
FOLLOW all local traffic regulations.
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS FOR TOWING OR TRANSPORTING IMPLEMENTS:
•
ONLY TRANSPORT with tractor with ROPS in the raised position.
•
USE properly sized and equipped tractor that exceeds implement weight by at least 20%
•
KEEP 20% of tractor weight on front wheels to maintain safe steering.
BEFORE TRANSPORTING OR TOWING IMPLEMENT:
TRACTOR INSPECTION:
•
CHECK steering and braking for proper operation and in good condition.
•
CHECK SMV sign, reflectors and warning lights for proper operation and visibility behind unit.
•
CHECK that your driving vision is not impaired by tractor, cab, or implement while seated in tractor seat.
•
ADJUST your operating position, mirrors, and implement transport for clear vision for traveling and traffic conditions.
PREPARE IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR TOWING:
•
DISENGAGE PTO
•
RAISE MOWER
•
REMOVE any cut material collected on mower deck.
TOWED MOWERS - ENGAGE TRANSPORT LOCKS AND SAFETY CHAINS:
•
INSTALL center axle cylinder transport stops or pins
•
ATTACH implement SAFETY CHAIN to tractor
DETERMINE STOPPING CHARACTERISTICS OF TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR
TOWING:
BRAKING TESTS:
•
APPLY brakes at increasing speeds
•
Observe STOPPING distances increases with increased speeds.
•
DETERMINE the maximum safe transport speed that does not exceed 20 mph
DETERMINE MAXIMUM TURNING SPEED BEFORE OPERATING ON ROADS OR UNEVEN GROUND:
•
TEST equipment in slowly increasing speed in turns to determine it can be operated at higher speeds.
•
USE REDUCED turning speeds in sharp turns to avoid equipment turning over.
WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
•
Always WEAR SEAT BELT when operating or transporting mower.
•
USE low speeds to avoid overturn with raised wings.
•
USE low speeds and gradual steering on curves, hills, rough or uneven surfaces and on wet roads
•
TURN ON tractor FLASHING WARNING LIGHTS.
•
ALLOW clearance for implement swing while turning. PN TH02
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Safety Section 1-13
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY AND DEATH WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING IMPLEMENT IN
GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER SERVICE, REPAIRS AND
MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
SECURE EQUIPMENT FOR SERVICE
BLOCK OUT POTENTIAL ENERGY HAZARDS; Rotating Parts, Raised Components, Hydraulic Pressure.
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and remove key before
•
•
•
•
•
•
dismounting from tractor.
PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
SECURELY LATCH and LOCK raised implement wings
BLOCK UP IMPLEMENT TONGUE with large blocks and tongue jack. DO NOT crawl or work under implement supported only by
tongue jack.
PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT Hydraulic HOSES from tractor
DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT driveline from tractor PTO SHAFT.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY PROCEDURES when performing service, repairs
and maintenance on the implement:
•
Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with sharp edges.
•
Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES when servicing hot components
AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
•
SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working underneath equipment.
•
•
STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
•
ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
•
•
FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic calibrations to avoid component or equipment failures.
•
DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
•
DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component failures being thrown from
•
mower.
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT MAINTENANCE
SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys and washers on pins, and
all moving parts for wear.
REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
•
REPLACE bent, damage, cracked or broken blades immediately with new blades.
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
•
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes
•
•
•
•
in place and in good condition.
•
•
•
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the state of California
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to
cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. PN HM01
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Safety Section 1-14
SAFETY
PARTS INFORMATION
PARTS INFORMATION
Rhino mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives,
knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Rhino
specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will fit”
parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Rhino
mower parts for economy and safety. (SPRM-1)
SEE YOUR RHINO DEALER
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-15
SAFETY
Decal Location
SAFETY
NOTE: Rhino supplies safety decals on this product to promote safe operation. Damage to the decals may
occur while in shipping, use or reconditioning. Rhino cares about the safety of its customers, operators and
bystanders, and will replace the safety decals on this product in the field, free of charge (Some shipping and
handling charges may apply). Contact your Rhino dealer to order replacement decals.
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Safety Section 1-16
SAFETY
PART NO.
QTY
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
1.
D389
1
DANGER
Multi Hazard
2.
D388
1
DANGER
Driveline Hazards
3.
D137
1
INSTRUCT
CCW Rotation
4.
D395
1
WARNING
Blade Bolt Torque
5.
00760657
1
WARNING
Genuine Parts
6.
D302
2
LOGO
Rhino (4x6)
7.
00771283
1
WARRANTY
5-Year
8.
00787406
2
LOGO
Rhino (4x16)
9.
00781324
2
NAME
172
10.
2738332
2
REFLECT
Red Reflectors
11.
nfs
1
SERIAL PLATE
Serial Number Plate
12.
00756004
1
DANGER
Shield Missing
13.
00756005
1**
DANGER
Rotating Driveline (Not Shown)
14.
03200347
*
REFLECT
SMV
15.
00776031
1
Canister, Operators Manual
16.
00781400C
1
Operator’s Manual
17.
10058000
3
Bolt
18.
00024100
3
Flatwasher
19.
02959924
3
Locknut
20.
D454
1
WARNING
Crushing Hazard (Under Deck)
21.
D614
2
WARNING
Thrown Object Hazard
22.
D590
1
INSTRUCT
Lubrication Chart
23.
D814
1
DANGER
Multi-Language General Safety
* Furnished by Tractor Manufacturer
** Furnished by Driveline Manufacturer
Decal Sheets
Liability Sheet - 00781352
Logo Sheet - 00781319
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Safety Section 1-17
SAFETY
ITEM
SAFETY
SAFETY
Decal Description
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Safety Section 1-18
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-19
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-20
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-21
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-22
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-23
SAFETY
Federal Laws and Regulations
This section is intended to explain in broad terms the concept and effect of federal laws and regulations concerning
employer and employee equipment operators. This section is not intended as a legal interpretation of the law and
should not be considered as such.
Employer-Employee Operator Regulations
SAFETY
U.S. Public Law 91-596 (The Williams-Steiger Occupational and Health Act of 1970) OSHA
This Act Seeks:
“...to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working
conditions and to preserve our human resources...”
DUTIES
Sec. 5 (a) Each employer(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from
recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees;
(2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.
(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations and
orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.
OSHA Training Requirements
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part 1928.57(a)(6). www.osha.gov
Operator instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter, the employer shall
instruct every employee who operates an agricultural tractor and implements in the safe operating practices
and servicing of equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the
work environment.
Keep all guards in place when the machine is in operation;
Permit no riders on equipment
Stop engine, disconnect the power source, and wait for all machine movement to stop before servicing,
adjusting, cleaning or unclogging the equipment, except where the machine must be running to be properly
serviced or maintained, in which case the employer shall instruct employees as to all steps and procedures
which are necessary to safely service or maintain the equipment.
Make sure everyone is clear of machinery before starting the engine, engaging power, or operating the
machine.
Employer Responsibilities:
To ensure employee safety during Tractor and Implement operation, it is the employer’s responsibility to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Train the employee in the proper and safe operation of the Tractor and Implement.
Require that the employee read and fully understand the Tractor and Implement Operator’s manual.
Permit only qualified and properly trained employees to operate the Tractor and Implement.
Maintain the Tractor and Implement in a safe operational condition and maintain all shields and guards on the
equipment.
5. Ensure the Tractor is equipped with a functional ROPS and seat belt and require that the employee operator
securely fasten the safety belt and operate with the ROPS in the raised position at all times.
6. Forbid the employee operator to carry additional riders on the Tractor or Implement.
7. Provide the required tools to maintain the Tractor and Implement in a good safe working condition and provide the
necessary support devices to secure the equipment safely while performing repairs and service.
8. Require that the employee operator stop operation if bystanders or passersby come within 300 feet.
Child Labor Under 16 Years of Age
Some regulations specify that no one under the age of 16 may operate power machinery. It is your responsibility to
know what these regulations are in your own area or situation. (Refer to U.S. Dept. of Labor, Employment Standard
Administration, Wage & Home Division, Child Labor Bulletin #102.)
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Safety Section 1-24
Contents
Acknowledgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Safety Alerts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
A Word To The User/Operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Follow A Safety Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Prepare For Safe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Start Safely. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Operate Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Park Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Shut Down Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Perform Maintenance Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Final Word To The User. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Acknowledgment
We wish to acknowledge the contributions of the members of AEM’s Industrial/Agricultural Mower Manufacturers Council
to the preparation of this Safety Manual.
NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT PROTECTION
Copyright, 2010, by the Association of Equipment Manufacturers. All rights reserved. This work may not be reproduced or disseminated in whole or in part by any means
without the prior written permission of the Association of Equipment Manufacturers.
Copyright 2010© AEM (Association of Equipment Manufacturers)
Revised 01/03, 09/10
Foreword
This safety manual is intended to point out some of the
basic safety situations that may be encountered during
the normal operation and maintenance of your machine
and to instruct you in safety practices for dealing with
these conditions. This manual is NOT a substitute for
the mower manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s).
Additional precautions may be necessary, or some
instructions may not apply, depending on equipment,
attachments and conditions at the worksite or in the
service area. The manufacturer has no direct control
over equipment application, operation, inspection or
maintenance. Therefore, it is YOUR responsibility to
use good safety practices in these areas.
The information provided in this manual supplements
the specific information about your machine that is
contained in the manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s).
Other information that may affect the safe operation of
your machine may be contained on safety signs or in
insurance requirements, employer’s safety and training
programs, safety codes, local, state/provincial and
federal laws, rules and regulations.
2
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
IMPORTANT! Before you operate the mower,
make sure you have the manufacturer’s
operator’s manual(s) for this machine and all
attachments. If the manufacturer’s manuals
are missing, obtain replacement manuals from
your employer, equipment dealer or directly
from the manufacturer. Keep this safety manual
and the manufacturer’s manuals with the
machine at all times. Read and understand all
manuals.
The AEM Mower Safety Practices video is
available to train and reinforce good safety
practices. Operators are encouraged to
periodically view the safety video.
Safety Alerts
Symbol
Signal Words
This Safety Alert Symbol means: “ATTENTION!
STAY ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!”
Signal words are distinctive words that will typically be
found on safety signs on the mower and other worksite
equipment. These words may also be found in this
manual and the manufacturer’s manuals. These words
are intended to alert the operator to a hazard and the
degree of severity of the hazard.
The Safety Alert Symbol identifies important safety
messages on equipment, safety signs, in manuals or
elsewhere. When you see this symbol, be alert to the
possibility of death or personal injury. Follow
instructions in the safety message.
DANGER
DANGER indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in minor or moderate injury.
Reasons Safety is Important:
NOTICE
— Accidents disable and kill.
NOTICE indicates a property
damage message.
— Accidents cost.
— Accidents can be avoided.
A Word To The User/Operator
It is YOUR responsibility to read and understand the
safety manual and the manufacturer’s manuals before
operating this machine. This safety manual takes you
step by step through your working day.
Hazard Recognition and Accident Prevention depend
upon you being alert, careful and properly trained in the
operation, transport, maintenance and storage of this
equipment.
Graphics have been provided to help you understand
the text.
Remember that YOU are the key to safety. Good safety
practices not only protect you but also protect the
people around you. Study and understand this manual
and the manufacturer’s manuals for your specific
machine. Make them a working part of your safety
program. Keep in mind that this safety manual is written
for industrial/agricultural mowers.
Contact the manufacturer of your equipment to answer
any questions about safe operation that remain after
studying the manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s) and
this safety manual.
Practice all other usual and customary safe
working precautions and above all:
REMEMBER — SAFETY IS UP TO YOU!
YOU CAN PREVENT SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH CAUSED BY UNSAFE WORK PRACTICES!
Read and
Understand All
Safety Signs
3
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower
Industrial/Agricultural Mower Types
Mowers are used for pasture clipping, crop residue
shredding, heavy brush cutting, waterways, right-ofways, roadside or highway mowing. Also, these mowers
are used for cutting grass and other growth in public
areas such as parks and cemeteries.
Flail
Boom
Rotary
Sickle Bar
Folding Wing Rotary
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower
Agricultural Disc Mower Types
Disc mowers are designed and equipped to cut hay
crops at higher field speed.
Disc mower/conditioners mow and condition crops.
Self-propelled windrowers mow and form conditioned
hay into windrows.
4
Disc Mower
Disc Mower
Conditioner
Self-propelled
Windrower
Follow A Safety Program
Protect Yourself
Wear personal protective clothing and Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) issued to you or called
for by job conditions. You must ALWAYS wear safety
glasses with side shields.
You may also need:
— Hard hat
— Safety shoes
— Safety goggles or face shield
— Heavy gloves
— Hearing protection
— Reflective clothing
— Wet weather gear
— Respirator or filter mask
Wear whatever is needed—don’t take chances.
Avoid
Entanglement
WARNING! Prevent death or serious injury from
entanglement. Do not wear loose clothing or
accessories. Tie up long hair. Stay away from all
rotating components when the engine is running.
Contact, wrapping or entanglement with rotating or
moving parts could result in death or serious injury.
Follow A Safety Program
— Read, understand and follow the manufacturer’s
written instructions found in the operator’s manual(s)
and safety signs on mower and tractor.
— Have operational training with mower and tractor.
— Take advantage of training programs offered in
your area.
— Ask your equipment dealer or supervisor to explain
things you do not understand.
— Explain the written instructions in the operator’s
manual(s) and safety signs to those users or
operators who cannot read.
— Inspect the mower and tractor daily before operating.
Ensure all guards are in place and the equipment is
operating properly.
— Never smoke while operating. Never fill the fuel tank
with the engine running or near an open flame.
— Make sure you have adequate visibility and sufficient
lighting.
— Know the pinch points and rotating parts. Awareness
on your part can prevent accidents.
— Never attempt to operate the controls except from
the operator’s seat. Improperly controlled functions
could produce unexpected machine movement and
result in serious injury or death.
— Shut down the mower and tractor before dismounting.
(See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
Read, Understand
and Follow Manuals
and Safety Signs
Avoid
Rotating Parts
Know and
Avoid Pinch
Points
5
Follow A Safety Program
Avoid Injury From Raised Equipment
Avoid Injury From High Pressure Fluid
Avoid possible crushing injury from falling mower or
other raised equipment.
Avoid fluid injection injury due to high pressure fluid leaks.
Avoid Crushing –
Block Up or
Securely Support
Mower
Before working near or under raised mower or
equipment parts:
— Securely support or block up raised mower or
equipment parts according to the operator’s manual.
— Securely support, block up or lock up wings with
approved locking devices or lower mower or
equipment parts to the ground.
— Use transport locks when transporting mower on
public roads.
High Pressure
Fluid Can Inject
into the Body
If any fluid is injected into the skin, it must be
removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar with
this type of injury.
Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible. When
checking for leaks or working around pressurized systems:
— Read manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s) for
recommended safety practices.
— Wear a face shield or safety goggles for eye protection.
— Use a piece of cardboard or wood to check for leaks;
DO NOT use your hands.
— Relieve system pressure before disconnecting lines.
— Check for and repair damaged or leaking lines, pipes
and hoses.
— Check for and tighten loose connections.
— Purge air from system before operating.
Follow A Safety Program
Avoid Injury From Fire And Explosion
Set the parking brake, shut the mower and tractor
engine down and remove the key while filling the fuel
tank. Use extra caution when fueling a hot engine.
Never smoke while fueling. Avoid sparks by grounding
the fuel nozzle against the filler neck.
The fumes in an empty fuel tank are explosive. Never
weld or cut on fuel lines, tanks or containers.
Remove all trash or mowing debris from the machine
daily or as needed. Keep debris away from engine,
exhaust, slip clutches and other heat sources. Use
spark arrestors, as appropriate, on the engine exhaust
system. Make sure oily rags or other flammable material
are not stored on the machine.
Always use a nonflammable solvent when you
clean parts. Do not use gasoline, diesel fuel or other
flammable fluids.
Store all flammable fluids and materials away from your
machine and work area.
Know where fire extinguishers are kept—how
they operate—and what type of fire they are for.
Check readiness of fire extinguishers according to
manufacturer’s instructions. Make sure each tractor is
equipped with a fire extinguisher.
No Smoking
and No Open
Flames
Check for fuel, oil or hydraulic fluid leaks. Repair the
leaks and clean the machine before you operate it.
Ether/cold start fluid is flammable. Do not smoke
when using ether/cold start fluid. Always follow the
instructions on the can and in the manufacturer’s
operator’s manual(s) for your mower. Do not use ether/
cold start fluid if the engine is equipped with a glow plug
or other type of preheater.
6
Remove
Debris Daily or
As Needed
Follow A Safety Program
Be Alert!
For Safe Operation
Know where to get assistance. Know how to use a first
aid kit and fire extinguisher/fire suppression system.
You must be a qualified and authorized operator for
proper operation of your machine. You must clearly
understand the written instructions supplied by the
manufacturer, be trained—including actual operation of
the mower—and know the safety rules and regulations
for the worksite. It is a good safety practice to point
out and explain safety signs and practices and ensure
others understand the importance of following these
instructions.
Be Aware!
Take advantage of training programs offered.
Be Careful!
Human error is caused by many factors: carelessness,
fatigue, overload, preoccupation, unfamiliarity of operator
with the machine, drugs, and alcohol to name a few.
Damage to the tractor or mower can be fixed in a short
period of time, but injury, or death, has a lasting effect.
For your safety and the safety of others, encourage your
fellow workers to act safely.
Never Use Drugs
or Alcohol While
Operating
WARNING! Drugs and alcohol affect an operator’s
alertness and coordination and the operator’s ability
to safely operate the equipment. Never use drugs or
alcohol while operating the mowing equipment.
Never knowingly allow anyone to operate this
machine when their alertness or coordination is
impaired. An operator taking prescription or over-thecounter medication must consult a medical professional
regarding any side effects of the medication that would
hinder their ability to safely operate this equipment.
Follow A Safety Program
Know The Rules
Most employers have rules governing operation and
maintenance of equipment. Before you start work at a
new location, check with your supervisor or the safety
coordinator. Ask about the rules you will be expected
to obey.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) enforces federal laws within the United
States that apply to safe operation, application and
maintenance of equipment on a worksite. It is the
employer’s responsibility to comply with these laws.
An OSHA representative may periodically inspect a
worksite to see that these laws are being followed.
There may also be local or state/provincial laws or
international regulations that apply to this equipment
and its use, along with specific worksite or employer
rules. It is important that you know and comply with
all applicable laws and rules, including those requiring
operator training and certification.
Safety Rules
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Know and
Understand
Rules of
Operation
These are some of the rules you must work by:
— A ROPS and seat belt-equipped tractor is a federal
government (OSHA) requirement for operator
protection during mowing operations. An enclosed
cab provides additional operator protection from
thrown objects. Check your mower operator's manual
to see if a tractor cab is also required.
— Wear and check that others are wearing proper
clothing and personal protective equipment.
— Inspect your machine and attachments before each use
as specified by the manufacturer and your employer.
— Know the limitations and operating characteristics of
your mowing equipment. Do not misuse it.
— Have all provided shields and guards properly
installed before operating the machine.
— Never modify or remove any part of the machine
(except for service—then make sure it is replaced).
7
Follow A Safety Program
Some Rules You Must Work By (continued)
Keep
Children
Away from
Equipment
— Only qualified and authorized individuals may operate
this equipment.
— Never allow children to play on, ride on or operate
the equipment. Children are not qualified to operate
this equipment.
— Do not allow any riders.
— Use three-point contact (handholds and steps) and
face the equipment when mounting or dismounting.
— Keep bystanders 300 ft (92 m) from the mowing
operation.
— Know the worksite before you use the mower. Be
aware of possible terrain hazards that you may
encounter. Remove or mark obstacles and debris that
could damage or be thrown by the mower.
— Only use attachments and parts that are approved by
the mower manufacturer.
— Make sure all attachments are lowered, set the parking
brake, shut off the engine and cycle the control levers.
Remove the key before leaving the tractor. (See page
18, Proper Equipment Shut Down Practices.)
— When transporting the mower on a trailer, follow the
manufacturer’s detailed instructions for loading, tying
down and unloading the mower.
Keep
Bystanders
Away
No Riders
Shut Down
Unattended
Equipment
Follow A Safety Program
Know The Equipment
Read and understand the DANGER, WARNING,
CAUTION and NOTICE safety signs and other
informational signs on the tractor and mower and in the
manufacturer’s operator’s manual. Ask your supervisor
or mower dealer to explain any information you do not
understand. Failure to obey safety instructions could
result in death or serious injury.
Read and
Understand All
Safety Signs
8
Make sure all the manufacturer’s protective structures,
guards, shields, screens and panels are in good repair,
in place and securely fastened. Damaged, missing or
weakened safety components can create a hazardous
situation for you as the operator. Never remove or
modify any safety components including thrown object
shielding on a mower.
Know the following about your tractor and mower:
— Function, purpose and use of all controls.
— Correct operation speeds.
— Slope and uneven terrain capabilities and proper
operation.
— Braking and steering characteristics.
— Turning radius and clearances.
— How to quickly stop equipment in an emergency.
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Prepare For Safe Operation
Check The Mower And Tractor Equipment
Before beginning your work day inspect the machine
and have all systems in good operational condition.
Walk-Around
Inspection
WARNING! Prevent possible crushing injury from falling
equipment. Hydraulic system or part failure could cause
unsupported equipment to fall. Do not go under raised
equipment unless it is properly supported according
to the operator’s manual.
— Perform daily and periodic service procedures as
instructed by the equipment manufacturer.
— Check for loose, broken, missing or damaged tractor
and mower parts. Repair or replace these parts.
— Check for proper tractor and mower attachments.
— Check for proper tractor and mower PTO rpm rating
match.
— Check mower blade(s) condition. Replace severely
worn, bent, gouged or nicked blades including the
blade bolts and fasteners. Never straighten or weld
on blades.
— Ensure thrown object shielding is properly installed
and in good condition. Repair or replace if damaged
or missing.
Maintain
Machine
Read Manual –
Block Up or
Securely Support
Mower
Prepare For Safe Operation
— Check that all guards and shields are in place and
that all equipment is in good operating condition. This
includes PTO driveline, gearbox and implement guards
and shields that are used for operator protection.
— Check for properly latched driveline yoke-end locking
devices.
— Check for damaged or leaky tractor and mower
hydraulic systems. Repair or adjust as needed.
WARNING! Hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate
the skin or eyes and cause serious injury, blindness or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks, not
your hand. Wear eye protection. If fluid is injected
into the skin, it must be removed within a few hours by
medical personnel familiar with this type of injury.
— Keep the operator platform surface clean and free of
grease, oil, dirt, snow or ice. Steps and handholds
must be clean and functional.
— Ensure work lights are kept clean (if equipped). Check
that all lights work properly.
— Ensure the slow moving vehicle (SMV) sign, reflectors
and warning lights are in good condition and can be
clearly seen.
— Ensure all tools or loose objects are removed or
securely fastened while operating the machine.
— Check all safety signs for clarity. Replace damaged
signs.
Check for Missing/
Damaged Guards
and Shields
Check for
Leaks and Inspect
Hoses
Put Away
Tools
9
Prepare For Safe Operation
Know The Work Area
Before you operate the mower thoroughly inspect
the work area. Walk around the area and inspect the
surfaces you will travel on when using the mower.
Walk
Around the
Worksite
Locate and avoid:
— Holes
— Drop-offs
— Obstacles
(stumps)
— Excavations
— Standing water
— Deep mud
— Other utilities
— Wet spots
— Any conditions
which could
— Soft soil
cause collision,
— Rough spots
loss of control
— Power lines
or tipover
and apparatus
— Steep slopes
Look for debris and obstacles by walking the area before
you mow. Objects like wire, cable, rocks, tires, and metal
objects that could damage or be thrown by the mower
must be removed or marked clearly and avoided.
Correct unsafe conditions. Do not operate in problem
areas where debris and obstacles cannot be removed
or marked.
Analyze mowing area to determine:
— The most efficient mowing procedure.
— The height of the material to be mowed.
— Operating terrain conditions.
— How to best use forward mowing pattern.
— The potential for bystanders or passers-by to be
exposed to thrown objects.
Remove or
Mark Debris and
Obstacles
Look Out For Others
Before starting equipment:
— Walk around the equipment.
— Check for anyone under, on or near the equipment.
— Clear everyone from these areas.
— Sound a warning.
Prepare For Safe Operation
Mount And Dismount Tractor Properly
Always use three-point contact when mounting or
dismounting the tractor or mower. Face the machine
when you enter or leave the machine. Three-point
contact means that three out of four arms and legs are
in contact with the machine at all times during mount
and dismount.
Before mounting:
— Clean shoes and wipe hands. Clean steps and
handholds of snow, ice, mud or oil.
During mounting and dismounting:
— Use handholds and step plates.
— Never grab steering wheels or controls for handholds.
— Never mount or dismount from a moving tractor.
— Never mount or dismount while carrying tools or
objects that prevent three-point contact. Put parts or
tools down. Maintaining proper contact, climb and
then pick up the object.
10
Use
Three-Point
Contact
Clean Up
Slippery Areas
Prepare For Safe Operation
Tractor And Mower Controls Safety Test
Start the tractor following the specific procedures in the
manufacturer’s operator’s manual. These procedures
normally include:
— Fasten and adjust seat belt on your ROPS-equipped
tractor.
— Check parking brake for engagement.
— Check PTO disengagement.
— Check all controls for Park position.
— Warn others in area before starting tractor.
— Start tractor following tractor manufacturer’s
recommended starting procedures.
WARNING! Avoid serious injury or death from
unexpected machine movement. Start the engine only
from the operator’s position. Never attempt to start
the engine by shorting across starter terminals or
reaching the key from the ground or outside the cab.
After starting:
— Check all instruments, gauges and indicator lights for
normal operation.
— Check all tractor controls, steering and brakes for
proper function.
— Raise and lower mower to check for driveline
bottoming out or engagement problems.
— Check the equipment for excessive vibration and
unusual noises.
Use ROPS
and Seat Belt
Start Only
from Operator’s
Seat
Check
Instruments
and Controls
Prepare For Safe Operation
— Use proper equipment shut down practices before
inspecting equipment. Wait until all equipment
motion has stopped before dismounting the tractor or
mower.
— Do not operate mower unless tractor and mower are
running properly. Place a “Do Not Operate” tag on
the machine, remove the key and do not operate the
mower until the problem is corrected.
Power Takeoff System
Be sure to operate the tractor at the mower’s rated PTO
rpm speed.
When operating tractors with transmission-driven PTO
systems, a rotary mower will have a significant flywheel
effect. The mower may continue to propel a tractor with
a transmission-driven PTO system.
Do Not
Dismount Until
Equipment Motion
Has Stopped
Use a
“Do Not Operate”
Tag
Use Proper
PTO Speed
The tractor should be equipped and operated as follows:
— Install a driveline equipped with an over-running
clutch.
— Give yourself sufficient maneuvering room and time
by anticipating turns, stops and speed reductions.
11
Prepare For Safe Operation
Hitching Mower To Tractor
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Three-point hitch-mounted mowers:
— Refer to mower and tractor manufacturers’ manuals.
— Place tractor’s hydraulic power lift (rockshaft)
selector lever in down position to avoid unexpected
movement.
— Explain the hitching procedures to those operators
who cannot read.
— Front-end weights may be needed to maintain
steering control and front-end stability. Refer to the
manufacturers' operator's manual(s).
— When backing the tractor up to the mower, NEVER
allow anyone between the tractor and the mower.
— Attach the mower to the tractor three-point links and
securely pin in position.
— Securely attach the driveline to the tractor PTO.
Lower the master shield into place if it is movable.
Push and pull on the driveline to ensure it is locked
onto the PTO shaft.
Maintain
Proper Weight
Distribution
No One
Allowed Between
Tractor and
Mower
Avoid
Entanglement,
Use Guards and
Shields
Prepare For Safe Operation
Pull-type hitch-mounted mowers:
— Refer to mower and tractor manufacturers’ manuals.
— Remove three-point hitch quick coupler if equipped.
— Attach only to drawbar hitch.
— Adjust tractor drawbar length for 540 or 1000 rpm
PTO operation.
— When backing the tractor up to the mower, NEVER
allow anyone between the tractor and the mower.
— Properly attach the mower safety tow chain to the
tractor.
— Securely attach the driveline to the tractor PTO. Push
and pull on the driveline to ensure it is locked onto
the PTO. Lower the master shield into place.
— Hook up the mower hydraulic hoses to the tractor.
— Make sure the wings, or raised mower decks, are
supported by the cylinders before removing the
transport locks. Never use force to release the
transport or wing locks. The wings or deck could fall
and crush you.
540
540 RPM
RPO PTO
PTO
1-3/8"
1-3/8"66SPLINE
SPLINE
14IN
Tractor
Drawbar
Adjustment
1000
1000 RPM
RPO PTO
PTO
1-3/8"21
21SPLINE
SPLINE
1-3/8"
16IN
1000
1000RPM
RPOPTO
PTO
1-3/4" 20 SPLINE
SPLINE
20IN
Confirm Wings Are
Supported Before
Releasing Locks
Avoid
Entanglement,
Use Guards and
Shields
12
Start Safely
Make The Right Start
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light conditions.
Avoid serious injury or death from mower-thrown
objects or blade contact:
— Keep chain shields, flexible or solid deflector shields
or discharge chutes in place and in good repair.
— Keep bystanders at least 300 ft (92 m) from mowing
operation.
— Never direct mower discharge toward anyone.
— Keep hands, feet and other body parts away from
rotating parts, blades and discharge openings.
— Do not operate mower in transport position.
Do not approach a mower until all motion has stopped.
Mower PTO drive engagement:
— Raise mower to maximum cutting height.
— Engage PTO at low engine rpm.
— Increase engine rpm to mower’s rated rpm PTO speed.
— Lower mower to desired cutting height.
— Stop and shut down immediately if the mower strikes
an obstruction.
— Inspect and repair any mower damage before
resuming mowing.
— Do not operate mower with severe vibrations or with
unusual noise.
Rotating Blades –
Keep Away
Do Not Operate a
Damaged Mower
Mower-Thrown Objects
Depending on the designed purpose, mowers are
designed to cut grass, weeds, brush and crops. The
mower blades have been designed and tested for
rugged use. The mower blades, however, are not
intended to contact solid objects like rocks, concrete
or metal. Such impact can cause broken objects to be
thrown up to 300 ft (92 m). Bystanders should never
be within 300 ft (92 m) of an operating rotary mower or
within 100 ft (30 M) of a properly equipped disc mower.
Operate Safely
Mower shielding is designed to reduce the risk of thrown
objects and must be properly maintained and in place
during mowing operations.
The risk of serious injury or death from thrown objects
can be significantly reduced by following three rules.
If all of these safety rules are not followed, the
mowing operation must be stopped if anyone comes
within the safety limit for the mower type.
First — Inspect the area prior to mowing and remove
stones, branches, wire, cable, metal, glass and other
solid objects before operating. Any objects that cannot
be removed must be clearly marked and carefully
avoided by the operator.
In non-crop areas with grass and weeds high enough to
hide objects that could be struck by the blades, inspect
the area and remove or mark large debris or obstacles.
Follow
All Mower
Safety Rules
Second — Mower-thrown object shielding must be
used when operating near roads, parks, populated
areas or other areas where thrown objects could
injure bystanders or damage property. Follow the
manufacturer's operator's manual.
Third — Cross diagonally when mowing through
ditches, sharp dips, and drops. Raise the mower to
prevent the mower blades from hitting the ground.
Mow the area at an intermediate height. Inspect the area
closely and remove or mark any remaining debris or
obstacles. Mow again at desired final height.
13
Operate Safely
Mower-Thrown Objects (continued)
Disc Mowers — When using a disc mower it is
important to know the area to be mowed. If the operator
has mowed the field before and is familiar with all
obstacles that may be present, it is sufficient to watch
ahead of the mower path for any additional objects that
may have entered the field. Be ready to stop or avoid
any objects that could be hazardous if thrown by the
mower. If you plan to mow an unfamiliar field and it is
next to a traveled road or people may be within 100
ft (30 m) of the mower you must inspect, and clean or
mark the field.
Do Not Mow
in Reverse
Use Proper
Ground Speed
Mowing Ground Speed
Mowing In Reverse
Do not mow while traveling in reverse. Objects are more
likely to be thrown and can travel further.
Shut off the PTO, wait for the blades to stop turning,
raise the mower, and then back up.
Mow traveling in the forward direction.
Proper ground speed depends on terrain conditions and
grass type, density and height to be cut:
— Normal ground speed range is 2 to 5 mph.
— Use slower ground speed for mowing tall, dense grass.
— Use faster ground speed for mowing medium height,
thin grass and under smooth terrain conditions.
— Use slower ground speed for mowing in rough,
sloping or unfamiliar terrain.
Disc mowers are designed to use faster ground speeds
for operating in fields clear of debris and surface hazards.
Operate Safely
Extremely Tall Grass Mowing
You may need to mow extremely tall, non-crop grass
twice. (See page 13, Mower-Thrown Objects.)
First mowing pass:
— Shut the mower and tractor down using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor. (See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
— Inspect the area and remove or mark debris and
obstacles.
— Cut grass higher (10-15 inches) to avoid hidden objects.
Second mowing pass:
— Shut the mower and tractor down using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor.
— Inspect the area and remove or mark debris and
obstacles.
— Cut grass at desired height and, when possible,
90 degrees to the first mowing pass.
14
Stop Blade
Before
Unclogging
Provide Adequate
Clearance for
Mower Swing
Watch Equipment Clearances
Three-point hitch and side-mounted mowers have a
larger turning arc than pull-type mowers. Allow sufficient
clearance for mower swing while turning.
Do not allow bystanders near the tractor and mower
when moving or transporting the tractor and mower.
Operate Safely
Under Mount Mower Safety Practices
When mowing with an under mount mower:
— Keep removable discharge chute in place and over
discharge opening.
— Never stand on a mower housing when the tractor
engine is operating.
— Distribute grass clippings with discharge chute facing
mowed area.
— Before clearing a clogged mower or discharge
chute, shut down your machine using proper
equipment shut down practice. (See page 18, Proper
Equipment Shut Down Practices.)
Never Stand
on Mower –
Keep Away
Keep Chute
in Place
Stop Blade
Before
Unclogging
Operate Safely
Wing Or Boom Mower
Overhead Obstruction Hazards And Risks
Check for overhead obstructions with raised wing
or boom mowers to avoid serious injury or death by
contact with:
— Electrical power lines and apparatus.
— Low tree limbs.
— Other overhead obstructions.
— Maintain specified distance from power lines and
apparatus. Never approach energized power lines or
apparatus with any part of your machine unless all
local, state/provincial and federal (OSHA) required
safety precautions have been taken. Use extreme
caution.
Do Not
Approach Energized
Power Lines
Stay Clear
of Energized
Equipment
DANGER! Avoid electrocution or serious injury from
contact with or inadequate clearance to energized
power lines or apparatus. Do not allow the machine or
attachment to approach or contact any power line.
Do not approach or touch any machine in contact
with a power line.
15
Operate Safely
Wing And Side Mount Mowers Safety Practices
Raised wing positions reduce shielding protection and
increases the thrown object and blade contact hazard
risks.
Avoid possible serious injury or death by thrown
objects or blade contact from raising and lowering
wings during mowing operations:
— Do not mow with bystanders within 300 ft (92 m) of
the mower.
— Be sure no one is near mower while raising or
lowering wings.
— Shut off the PTO and wait for all rotating elements to
stop before raising the mower deck or wing section.
— Only raise wing to clear objects in the mowing path
or to match ground slope.
— Lower raised wing to ground after clearing object or
ground slope conditions.
— Stop mowing if anyone approaches within 300 ft
(92 m) of mowing area.
300 ft
(92 m)
Keep Bystanders
Away from
Mowing Area
Avoid Hitting
Obstructions
Ditch Bank Mowing Safety Practices
Use extreme care when mowing ditch banks. Watch for
washouts, eroded areas and mowing obstructions along
the ditch banks. Hitting obstructions with side-mount
or boom mowers may swerve the tractor’s front end
toward the ditch.
Operate Safely
Raised wing and boom mower ditch bank operations may
reduce the mower’s thrown object shielding effectiveness
for the mower operator’s protection.
— Use enclosed ROPS cabs, special protective
enclosures and other operator shielding available from
the manufacturer when performing these operations.
— Inspect mowing area and remove or mark all foreign
objects and debris to be avoided by mower.
Use
Enclosed ROPS
Cabs or Protective
Enclosures
Uneven Terrain Mowing Safety Practices
Tractor and mower stability is reduced on slopes and
uneven terrain.
As in all conditions when mowing, use tractors
equipped with ROPS and seat belt. Make sure the
ROPS are raised and locked in place and always
wear your seat belt.
Prevent tractor and mower overturns and maintain
equipment stability control:
— Review tractor and mower operator’s manuals for
operating safety practices on slopes and uneven
terrain conditions. Explain the practices to those
users and operators who cannot read.
— Avoid extremely steep slope operations.
16
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Use ROPS
and Seat Belt
Operate Safely
Uneven Terrain Mowing Safety Practices
(continued)
Maintain
Control, Use Low
Speeds
— Use extreme care to maintain control over the
equipment when operating in these conditions.
— Increase tractor stability by adding wheel weights,
ballast and increasing wheel spacing to maximum.
Refer to operator’s manual for recommendations.
— Maintain minimum ground speed.
— Make wide and gradual turns.
— Avoid sudden starts, stops, and turns when operating
up, down, or across slopes.
— Do not raise rear-mount or side-mount mowers or
mower wings from the ground during these operations.
— Keep alert for holes, bumps, ruts, rocks, stumps or
other obstructions that could overturn the machine.
— Avoid slippery ground conditions that could cause
loss of control and overturn of tractor and mower.
— Avoid bottoming and striking the ground by diagonal
crossing of sharp dips and drops.
Add Ballast,
Widen Wheel
Spacing
Avoid Ruts,
Bumps, Holes
Use extreme care in maintaining equipment stability
during all uneven terrain and slope mowing operations.
You are the final judge as to any slope that can be safely
negotiated.
Operate Safely
Road Transport Safety Practices
Before operating on public roads:
— Refer to tractor and mower manufacturers’ operator’s
manuals for instructions.
— Explain the instructions to those users or operators
who cannot read.
— Check local regulations for required equipment
markings, lights, flashers, etc., while traveling on
public roads. Lights are required on mowers that
obscure tractor taillights and/or warning lights.
— When transporting the mower on a trailer, follow the
manufacturer’s detailed instructions for loading, tying
down and unloading the mower.
Before transporting on public roads:
— Disengage PTO power to mower.
— Raise mower into transport position and engage
transport lock.
— Lock mower wings in the transport position with
approved locking devices.
— Attach towing safety chain between pull-type mower
and tractor.
— Make sure lights, warning lights and reflectors are in
place and visible.
— Check SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem for
visibility to any rear-approaching vehicle.
While transporting on public roads:
— Obey all local traffic regulations.
— Approach intersections with caution.
— Observe speed and traffic control signs.
— Avoid panic stops and sharp turns.
Be a courteous operator and pull over periodically and
allow traffic to pass.
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
STOP
YIELD
Obey Traffic
Regulations
17
Park Safely
Parking Safety Practices
— Use designated or out-of-traffic areas.
— Use firm level ground locations.
— Set parking brake.
— Lower raised equipment to ground.
P
Shut down the mower and tractor using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor. (See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
Set
Parking Brake
Lower Raised
Equipment to
Ground
Sloping ground parking locations:
— Position equipment across slope.
— Set parking brakes.
— Lower raised equipment to ground.
— Block tractor wheels.
Before temporarily parking and leaving disabled
equipment near traffic areas:
— Remove equipment from public roads.
— Set out warning flags.
— Use tractor flashing warning lights.
Shut Down Safely
Proper Equipment Shut Down Practices
PTO
Make proper equipment shut down an important habit.
Properly shutting down a tractor and mower can
prevent accidents from occurring when the mower is left
unattended. Shut down the mower following the specific
procedures in the manufacturer’s operator’s manual.
These procedures will normally include:
— Reduce engine speed.
— Disengage PTO clutch and transmission drive.
— Idle engine for gradual cooling.
— Place all controls in PARK position.
— Set the parking brake.
— Lower mower to ground.
— Lower wings of wing mowers to ground.
— Shut off engine, lock ignition and remove key from
the machine and take it with you.
— Wait for all moving parts to stop before dismounting.
— Relieve hydraulic pressure by moving hydraulic
controls several times in all directions.
— Lock anti-vandalism covers and closures, if
equipped, when equipment is unattended.
— Dismount carefully maintaining three-point contact.
18
Disengage PTO,
Set Brake
STOP
P
Lower Raised
Equipment to
Ground
Wait for
Rotating Parts
to Stop
Remove Key,
Lock Ignition, Take
Key With You
Shut Down Safely
Dismounting Properly
— Never dismount from moving equipment.
— Never jump from any machines.
— Dismount carefully.
— Check for slippery steps.
— Keep feet and hands away from controls.
— Use handholds and steps during dismount.
— Face machine and use three-point contact
(2 hands and 1 foot or 2 feet and 1 hand).
Wait for
Moving Parts
to Stop
Use Three-Point
Contact,
Face Machine
Perform Maintenance Safely
Maintain Your Equipment
WARNING! Do not modify equipment or add
components not approved by the manufacturer. Use
parts, lubricants and service techniques recommended
by the manufacturer.
Maintain
Equipment
Be sure to maintain the equipment according to
manufacturer’s instructions. Regularly check the
operation of the protective and safety devices.
Do not perform any work on a tractor or mower unless
you are authorized and qualified to do so.
If you have been authorized to do maintenance, read
the operator’s and service manuals. Study the
instructions; check the lubrication charts; examine all
the instruction messages on the machine. Maintenance
can be hazardous unless performed properly. Be sure
you have the necessary skill, information, correct tools
and equipment to do the job.
Mower Parts And Your Safety
Mower manufacturers use specific fasteners and
specially designed parts to meet mowing operations
requirements. Critical parts (self-locking blade bolts,
blades, pins, shields and other special items) have
specific strength, design and fit requirements for the
make and model mower you are using.
Avoid possible death or serious injury from unapproved
parts or modifications:
— Do not substitute common hardware for original
manufacturer’s blade bolts or other special part items.
— Do not substitute for blades, pins, shields or other
critical parts.
— Do not use higher strength bolts to replace original
manufacturer’s shear bolts.
19
Perform Maintenance Safely
Prepare Yourself
Wear personal protective clothing and Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) issued to you or called
for by job conditions. You must ALWAYS wear safety
glasses with side shields.
You may also need:
— Hard hat
— Safety shoes
— Safety glasses, goggles or face shield
— Apron and gloves
— Hearing protection
— Welding helmet or goggles
— Respirator or filter mask
Wear whatever is needed—don’t take chances.
Avoid
Rotating Parts
Keep hands—and clothing—away from all moving
parts. Don’t wear dangling ties, loose sleeves, rings,
watches, or long hair.
WARNING! Prevent death or serious injury from entanglement. Do not wear loose clothing or accessories. Stay
away from all rotating components when the engine is
running. Contact, wrapping or entanglement with rotating
or moving parts could result in death or serious injury.
Avoid
Pinch Points
Perform Maintenance Safely
Wear a rubber apron and rubber gloves when working
with corrosives. Wear gloves and safety shoes when
handling wooden blocks or sharp-edged metal.
Clean
Slippery Surfaces
Always use safety glasses, goggles or a face shield. They
provide eye protection from fluids under pressure, during
grinding and while servicing batteries. Protection is also
needed from flying debris, liquids and loose material
produced by equipment, tools and pressurized air/water.
Wear a face shield and follow manufacturer's instuctions
when you disassemble spring-loaded components or work
with battery acids. Wear a welding helmet or goggles with
a shaded filter when you weld or cut with a torch.
Do not sand, grind, flame-cut, braze or weld without a
NIOSH-approved respirator or appropriate ventilation.
If welding is required on this machine, refer to the
manufacturer’s operator's or service manuals or consult
your equipment dealer for proper procedures.
Keep pockets free of all objects that could fall out—and
drop into machinery.
Handle tools and heavy parts sensibly—with regard
for yourself and other persons. Lower items—don’t
drop them.
20
Ventilate
Work Area
Prepare The Work Area
— Position the mower in a level area out of the way of
other working equipment.
— Make sure there is adequate light, ventilation and
clearance.
— Remove oil, grease or water to eliminate any slippery
surfaces.
— Clean around the area to be serviced to minimize
contamination.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Prepare The Machine
Stored energy sources (electrical, mechanical, hydraulic,
pneumatic, chemical, thermal, etc.) must be controlled
or reduced to a practical minimum before performing
any maintenance, repair or service procedures.
Safety practices to prevent potential injuries from
energy-releasing sources:
— Disengage PTO before shutting off engine.
— Place controls in PARK or NEUTRAL before shutting
off engine.
— Set parking brake or block wheels.
— Allow all moving parts to stop.
— Lower mower to ground.
— Lower wings to ground on wing mowers.
— Shut off tractor engine.
— Relieve hydraulic system pressure by moving controls
several times in all directions.
— Lock ignition, remove key and take it with you.
— Look and listen for evidence of moving parts before
dismounting.
— Securely support or block up mower before working
underneath mower or other lifted components.
— Securely support, block up, or lock up mower wings
with approved locking devices before working near or
underneath a wing mower.
— Relieve pressure before disconnecting or
disassembling any pressurized system.
— Block or relieve spring pressure before disassembling
any spring-loaded mechanism.
— Securely support or block up any raised machine
component before working on it.
— Avoid flames, sparks, or smoking near any fuel,
hydraulic fluid or other flammable material such as
mowing debris.
Prepare
Machine Systems
for Service
Perform Maintenance Safely
Attach a “DO NOT OPERATE” warning tag to the control
levers and remove the ignition key if the mower should
not be operated. Take the key with you.
Install approved support device(s) when working under
or near raised equipment.
WARNING! Unsupported raised mowers or other
equipment may drop unexpectedly. Never go under
equipment when raised unless supported by an
approved support device(s). Death or serious crushing
injury could result from falling equipment.
Use a
“Do Not Operate”
Tag
Use
Approved
Support Device
Remove only guards or covers that provide access to
the area being serviced. Replace all guards and covers
when work is complete.
Replace
All Guards
21
Perform Maintenance Safely
Use Proper Ventilation
If it is necessary to run an engine in an enclosed area,
remove the exhaust fumes from the area with an
exhaust pipe extension. If you do not have an exhaust
pipe extension, make sure you open the doors and get
outside air into the area.
WARNING! Prevent possible injury. Never work on
machinery with the engine running unless instructed
by the manufacturer’s manuals for specific service.
WARNING! Never operate any type of engine without
proper ventilation—EXHAUST FUMES CAN KILL.
Make sure the hoists or jacks you use are in good repair.
Never use jacks with cracked, bent, or twisted parts.
Never use frayed, twisted or pinched cables. Never use
bent or distorted hooks.
Remove
Key and Read
Maintenance
Manual
Use Jacks And Hoists Carefully
Safety stands or blocks must be located on a rigid part
of the mower. Do not position stands under axles or
wheel supports that may rotate.
Ventilate
Work Area
If you must work beneath raised equipment, always use
wood—not concrete—blocks, jack-stands or other
rigid and stable supports. When using jacks or hoists
always be sure they are adequately supported.
Use Proper
Support for Raised
Equipment
WARNING! Prevent possible crushing injury. Never
use concrete blocks for supports. They can collapse
under even light loads.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Common Maintenance Safety Practices
Fuel Hazards
WARNING! Always use approved fuel containers
and/or dispensing equipment.
Fuels are flammable, so observe these practices to
reduce the possibility of a serious accident.
— Shut off engine and ignition during refueling.
— Always ground the fuel nozzle against the filler neck
to avoid sparks.
— Keep sparks and open flames away from fuel.
— Do not smoke while refueling or when handling fuel
containers.
— Do not cut or weld on or near fuel lines, tanks or
containers.
— Do not overfill the tank or spill fuel. Clean up spilled
fuel immediately.
Engine Coolant Hazards
Liquid cooling systems build up pressure as the engine
gets hot, so use extreme caution before removing the
radiator cap.
22
Be sure to:
— Stop the engine and wait for the system to cool.
— Wear protective clothing and safety glasses.
— Turn the radiator cap slowly to the first stop to allow
the pressure to escape before removing the cap
completely.
No Smoking
and No Open
Flames
Remove
Radiator Cap
Slowly
Perform Maintenance Safely
Hydraulic System Hazards
The hydraulic system is under pressure whenever the
engine is operating and may hold pressure even after the
engine is shut off. Cycle all hydraulic controls including
the auxiliary hydraulic control after the engine is shut
down. Relieve trapped pressure in the lines after the
attachments are shut down and resting on the ground.
During inspection of the hydraulic system:
— Wait for fluid to cool before disconnecting the lines.
Hot hydraulic fluid can cause SEVERE BURNS.
— Do not use your hand to check for leaks. Instead,
use a piece of cardboard or paper to search for leaks.
— Wear appropriate eye protection. Hydraulic fluid can
cause permanent eye injury.
WARNING! Hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate
the skin or eyes and cause serious injury, blindness or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks, not
your hand. Wear a face shield or safety goggles for
eye protection. If fluid is injected into the skin, it must
be removed within a few hours by medical personnel
familiar with this type of injury.
When venting or filling the hydraulic system, loosen the
filler cap slowly and remove it gradually.
Never reset any relief valve in the hydraulic system to a
pressure higher than recommended by the manufacturer.
Wear
Eye Protection
High Pressure
Fluid Can Inject
Into the Body
Perform Maintenance Safely
Electrical System Hazards
Before working on the electrical system, disconnect the
battery cable(s).
— Remove the battery negative (-) cable(s) first.
— When reconnecting the battery, connect the battery
negative (-) cable(s) last.
The liquid in batteries contains acid, which is a POISON
and can cause SEVERE CHEMICAL BURNS.
with clean water. If electrolyte is ingested, seek
medical attention immediately. NEVER give fluids that
would induce vomiting.
Wear
Face Protection
Avoid Injury
— Wear a face shield to prevent contact with your eyes.
— Wear chemical-resistant gloves and clothing to keep
electrolyte off your skin and regular clothing.
WARNING! Electrolyte will damage eyes or skin
on contact. Always wear a face shield to avoid
electrolyte in eyes. If electrolyte contacts eyes, flush
immediately with clean water and get medical attention.
Wear chemical-resistant gloves and protective
clothing to keep electrolyte off skin. If electrolyte
contacts exposed skin or clothing, wash off immediately
Wear
Protective
Clothing
23
Perform Maintenance Safely
Avoid Explosion
WARNING! Avoid possible serious injury from
explosion. Lead-acid batteries produce extremely
explosive gases especially when being charged. Keep
arcs, sparks, flames and lighted tobacco away.
— Do not smoke near batteries.
— Keep arcs, sparks and open flames away from
batteries.
— Provide adequate ventilation.
Never check the battery by placing a metal object
across the battery posts — the resulting spark could
cause an explosion.
WARNING! Avoid possible serious injury from battery
explosion. Do not charge a battery or boost start the
engine if the battery is frozen. Warm to 60°F (15.5°C)
or the battery may explode and could cause serious
injury.
Safety rules during battery boost starting:
— Follow the instructions for proper “battery boost
starting” as specified in the manufacturer’s manual.
— Be sure the machines are not touching.
— Observe the polarity of the batteries and connections.
— Make the final cable connection to the engine or the
furthest ground point away from the battery. Never
make the final connection at the starter or dead
battery—sparks may ignite the explosive gases
present at the battery.
— When disconnecting cables after jump starting,
remove the cables in reverse order of connection
(e.g., final connection first).
Avoid Sparks
and Open Flames
Near Batteries
For
Boost Starting
Observe Polarity
and Make Final
Connection at
Ground Point
Perform Maintenance Safely
Tire And Wheel Maintenance
Check your tires and wheels daily because the stability
of the tractor and mower can be dramatically affected
by tire pressure or damage to tires or wheels.
Check tires for:
— Correct pressure.
— Cuts and bulges.
— Nails or other punctures.
— Uneven or excessive wear.
— Condition of valve stems and caps.
Check wheels for:
— Damage to the rims.
— Missing or loose lug nuts or bolts.
— Misalignment.
All tire service should be performed by a qualified tire
service center or by an authorized service person who
has been properly trained in the procedures and use of
safety equipment designed for tire servicing.
24
Check Tires
and Wheels for
Damage
Maintain
Proper Tire
Pressure
Perform Maintenance Safely
Tire And Wheel Maintenance (continued)
WARNING! The types of wheels and tires usually
found on this equipment require special care when
servicing to prevent death or serious injury.
Do not inflate the tires above the recommended
pressure. Be sure to replace tire ballast if equipped. See
manufacturer’s specifications for ballast requirements.
Keep wheel lug nuts tightened to manufacturer’s
recommendations.
Never cut or weld on a wheel with an inflated
tire mounted on it. This could cause explosive
decompression.
Check that the tire size and wheel are correctly matched.
When replacing the tires, ensure the tires are of the
appropriate rating specified by the manufacturer.
Tires should not be operated at speeds higher than their
rated speed. Most agricultural tires are rated for 20mph
maximum speed.
A rise in tire pressure during operation is normal, and
should NOT be reduced.
Never reinflate a tire that has been run flat or seriously
underinflated without removing the tire from the wheel.
Have the tire and wheel closely inspected for damage
before remounting.
Avoid
Tire Explosion
When adding air to a tire, do so from a distance. Use
a long hose with self-attaching chuck. Always stand
behind tread when adjusting tire pressure.
Do not inflate tires with flammable gases or from
systems using an alcohol injector.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Complete Service And Repairs Before Machine
Is Released
Tighten all bolts, fittings, and connections to torques
specified by the manufacturer.
Verify
Service Work
When
Completed
Install all guards, covers, and shields after servicing.
Replace or repair any damaged parts. Refill and
recharge pressure systems only with manufacturer
approved or recommended fluids.
Start the engine and check for leaks. (See page 23,
Hydraulic System Hazards.) Operate all controls
to make sure the tractor and mower are functioning
properly. Test the machine if necessary. After testing,
shut down and check the work you performed. Are
there any missing cotter pins, washers, locknuts, etc.?
Recheck all fluid levels before releasing the equipment
for operation.
All parts should be inspected during repair and replaced
if worn, cracked or damaged. Excessively worn or
damaged parts can fail and cause injury or death.
Mower Blade Maintenance
Do not take chances using damaged or bent blades.
The mower manufacturers from the Association
of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM) and the Farm
Equipment Manufacturers Association (FEMA) advocate
that you DO NOT reuse, straighten, hard face or weld
mower blades. Death or serious injury could result if a
broken blade is thrown from a mower.
Replace any damaged or illegible safety signs.
25
Perform Maintenance Safely
Mower Blade Maintenance (continued)
— How are mower blades made?
Mower blades are made of high strength alloy spring
steel. They are hot-forged and shaped to meet the
manufacturer’s individual specifications, then heat
treated and tempered to a high strength, ductile state
to reduce the possibility of breaking while mowing.
Blades are tested to ensure they meet strength,
hardness, and ductility standards. If a blade fails to
meet any of these specifications, it will not be used
on the mower.
— What happens when a mower blade bends?
It takes a great amount of impact force to bend
the blade. This impact force often results in the
blades being gouged or chipped. After a blade
is damaged by a gouge or chip a blade failure is
much more likely to occur. When a blade is severely
bent, a microscopic crack may be created in the
blade. Straightening the blade does not remove or
repair this crack, but may cause additional cracks.
Additional stresses during mowing operations can
result in an unexpected blade failure.
— Avoid bending blades. Help prevent mower blades
from bending or cracking by avoiding contact with
solid objects. Mower blades are intended to cut
grass, shrubs, woody vegetation, and small trees and
limbs. They are not intended to contact solid objects
such as rocks, concrete, or steel posts. Inspect the
area prior to mowing. Remove or clearly mark any
solid objects and mow around them.
— Replace damaged blades! Inspect the mower blade(s)
daily or after hitting any solid object. If a mower blade
becomes damaged (bent, gouged, cracked) or worn
more than 25 percent of the original size, it should
be removed and replaced with a new blade. Always
use the original manufacturer’s blades. Aftermarket
brand blades may not meet the mower manufacturer’s
strength, hardness and ductility requirements.
— Do not take chances mowing with damaged or
bent blades. Using a damaged or straightened
mower blade can result in the blade breaking and
being thrown into the operator or a bystander causing
death or serious injury. The price of a new blade is
small compared to the potential for the serious injury
that could result from a bent or broken blade being
thrown from the mower.
Final Word To The User
You have just finished reading the AEM Industrial and
Agricultural Mower Manual. It is impossible for this
manual to cover every safety situation that you may
encounter on a daily basis. Your knowledge of these
safety precautions and your application to the
basic rules of safety will help to build good judgment
in all situations. Our objective is to help you develop,
establish and maintain good safety habits to make
operating an Industrial and Agricultural Mower easier
and safer for you.
This manual is another in a series on the safe operation of machinery published by AEM.
Many pictorials in this safety manual can be found and downloaded at http://pictorials.aem.org.
For additional publications visit our website at www.safetymaterials.org.
ASSOCIATION OF
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS
e-mail safetymaterials@aem.org
www.aem.org
26
Contenido
Reconocimiento . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Introducción . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Alertas de seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Palabras para el usuario/operador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura . . . . 4
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad . . . . . . . . . 5
Preparación para una operación segura . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Arranque con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Operación con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Estacionamiento seguro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Apagado con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad . . . . . 19
Palabras finales para el usuario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Reconocimiento
Deseamos reconocer las contribuciones de los miembros del Consejo de Fabricantes de Cortadoras de Césped
Industriales/para Agricultura para la preparación de este Manual de seguridad.
AVISO DE PROTECCIÓN DE COPYRIGHT
Copyright, 2010, por la Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos (Association of Equipment Manufacturers). Todos los derechos reservados. Queda prohibida la reproducción o
difusión parcial o total de este trabajo por cualquier medio sin consentimiento previo por escrito de la Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos.
Copyright 2010© AEM (Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos)
Revisado el 01/03, 09/10
Introducción
Este manual de seguridad está destinado a señalar
algunas de las situaciones de seguridad básicas que
pueden surgir durante la operación y el mantenimiento
normales de la máquina y a instruirlo en prácticas de
seguridad para manejar estas condiciones. Este manual
NO sustituye los manuales del operador del fabricante de
la cortadora de césped.
Puede ser necesario tomar precauciones adicionales o
algunas de las instrucciones pueden no ser pertinentes,
dependiendo del equipo, los accesorios y las condiciones
del sitio de trabajo o del área de servicio. El fabricante no
tiene control directo sobre la aplicación, la operación, la
inspección o el mantenimiento del equipo. Por lo tanto,
es SU responsabilidad utilizar prácticas de seguridad
correctas en estas áreas.
La información que se proporciona en este manual
complementa la información específica sobre la máquina que
contienen los manuales del operador del fabricante. Puede
haber otra información que afecte la operación segura de
la máquina en los letreros de seguridad o en los requisitos
del seguro, programas de seguridad y capacitación del
empleador, códigos de seguridad, leyes federales, locales,
estatales o provinciales, reglas y ordenanzas.
2
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
¡IMPORTANTE! Antes de hacer funcionar la
cortadora de césped, asegúrese de contar con
los manuales del operador del fabricante para
esta máquina y todos los accesorios. Si faltan
los manuales del fabricante, solicite manuales
de repuesto a su empleador, al concesionario de
los equipos o directamente al fabricante. Guarde
este manual de seguridad y los manuales del
fabricante con la máquina en todo momento. Lea
y asegúrese de comprender todos los manuales.
Se encuentra disponible el video AEM Mower
Safety Practices (Prácticas de seguridad para
la cortadora de césped de AEM) para capacitar
y reforzar prácticas de seguridad correctas. Se
alienta a los operadores a ver periódicamente el
video de seguridad.
Alertas de seguridad
Símbolo
Palabras indicativas
Este símbolo de alerta de seguridad significa:
“¡ATENCIÓN! ¡MANTÉNGASE ALERTA! ¡SU
SEGURIDAD ESTÁ EN RIESGO!”
Las palabras indicativas son palabras distintivas que
típicamente se encontrarán en letreros de seguridad
de la cortadora de césped y otros equipos del sitio de
trabajo. Estas palabras también se pueden encontrar
en este manual y en los manuales del fabricante. Están
destinadas a alertar al operador sobre un riesgo y el grado
de gravedad del riesgo.
El símbolo de alerta de seguridad identifica mensajes de
seguridad importantes sobre el equipo, sobre letreros de
seguridad, en manuales u otros lugares. Cuando vea este
símbolo, manténgase alerta ante la posibilidad de muerte
o lesiones personales. Siga las instrucciones del mensaje
de seguridad.
DANGER
PELIGRO
WARNING
ADVERTENCIA
CAUTION
Motivos por los cuales la seguridad es importante:
— Los accidentes provocan discapacidad y muerte.
— Los accidentes cuestan.
— Los accidentes pueden evitarse.
PRECAUCIÓN
NOTICE
AVISO
DANGER (PELIGRO) indica una
situación riesgosa que, si no se evita,
resultará en una lesión grave o la
muerte.
WARNING (ADVERTENCIA) indica
una situación riesgosa que, si no se
evita, podría resultar en una lesión
grave o la muerte.
CAUTION (PRECAUCIÓN) indica
una situación que, si no se evita,
podría resultar en lesiones leves o
moderadas.
NOTICE (AVISO) indica un mensaje
de daños a la propiedad.
Palabras para el usuario/operador
Es SU responsabilidad leer y asegurarse de comprender el
manual de seguridad y los manuales del fabricante antes de
hacer funcionar esta máquina. Este manual de seguridad lo
lleva paso a paso a través de su día de trabajo.
El reconocimiento de los riesgos y la prevención de
accidentes dependen de que usted esté alerta, sea
cuidadoso y se capacite correctamente para la operación,
el transporte, el mantenimiento y el almacenamiento de
este equipo.
Se han suministrado gráficos útiles para comprender el texto.
Recuerde que USTED es la clave de la seguridad. Las
prácticas de seguridad correctas lo protegen no sólo
a usted sino también a las personas que lo rodean.
Estudie este manual y los manuales del fabricante para
su máquina en particular. Transfórmelos en una parte
activa de su programa de seguridad. Tenga presente que
este manual de seguridad está escrito para cortadoras de
césped industriales/para agricultura.
Contáctese con el fabricante del equipo si le queda
alguna pregunta sobre la operación segura después de
estudiar los manuales del operador del fabricante y este
manual de seguridad.
Tome todas las demás precauciones habituales y
acostumbradas para un trabajo seguro y, sobre todo:
RECUERDE:
¡LA SEGURIDAD DEPENDE DE USTED!
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender
todos los letreros
de seguridad
¡PUEDE EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O MUERTE
CAUSADAS POR PRÁCTICAS LABORALES
NO SEGURAS!
3
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura
Tipos de cortadora de césped industrial/para
agricultura
Las cortadoras de césped se usan para recortar pasturas,
desmenuzar residuos de cultivos, cortar arbustos, realizar
desbroce pesado, cortar la hierba en vías de agua,
derechos de paso, costados de caminos o autopistas.
Además, estas cortadoras se usan para cortar la hierba
y otras plantas en zonas públicas como parques y
cementerios.
Triturador
Aguilón
Giratorio
Barra en forma de hoz
Giratorio con lateral
plegable
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura
Tipos de cortadora de césped de disco para
agricultura
Las cortadoras de césped de disco están diseñadas y
equipadas para cortar cultivos de heno a mayor velocidad
de desplazamiento.
Cortadora de césped
de disco
Las cortadoras/acondicionadoras de disco cortan y
acondicionan los cultivos.
Cortadora/
acondicionadora de
disco
Las formadoras de hileras autopropulsadas cortan el heno
y lo acondicionan en hileras.
4
Formadora de hileras
autopropulsada
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Protéjase a sí mismo
Use la ropa de protección personal y los equipos de
protección personal (PPE) que se le proporcionen o que
requieran las condiciones del trabajo. SIEMPRE debe
usar gafas de seguridad con escudos laterales.
Puede necesitar también:
— Casco
— Calzado de seguridad
— Antiparras de seguridad o protección facial
— Guantes gruesos
— Protección para oídos
— Indumentaria reflectiva
— Indumentaria impermeable
— Respirador o máscara con filtro
Use la ropa necesaria; no corra ningún riesgo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muerte por
enredos. No use ropa floja ni accesorios. Ate el cabello
largo. Manténgase alejado de todos los componentes
giratorios cuando el motor está en funcionamiento. El
contacto, el enrollado o el enredo con piezas giratorias o
móviles podrían resultar en lesiones graves o la muerte.
Evite quedar
enredado
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
— Lea, asegúrese de comprender y siga las instrucciones
escritas del fabricante que se encuentran en el manual
del operador y en los letreros de seguridad sobre la
cortadora y el tractor.
— Obtenga capacitación para la operación de la
cortadora y el tractor.
— Aproveche los programas de capacitación que se
ofrecen en su zona.
— Solicítele al distribuidor de equipos o al supervisor que
le explique cualquier información que no comprenda.
— Explique las instrucciones escritas de los manuales del
operador y los letreros de seguridad a los usuarios u
operadores que no puedan leerlas.
— Inspeccione la cortadora y el tractor diariamente antes
de hacerlos funcionar. Asegúrese de que todas las
guardas se encuentren en su lugar y de que el equipo
funcione correctamente.
— Nunca fume mientras lo está manejando. Nunca
llene el depósito de combustible con el motor en
funcionamiento o cerca de una llama abierta.
— Asegúrese de tener visibilidad adecuada e iluminación
suficiente.
— Sepa cuáles son los puntos donde puede quedar
atrapado y las partes giratorias. Su conocimiento
puede evitar accidentes.
— Nunca intente hacer funcionar los controles, excepto
desde el asiento del operador. Las funciones
controladas de manera incorrecta pueden producir
el movimiento imprevisto de la máquina y resultar en
lesiones graves o muerte.
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor antes de descender.
(Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
Lea, asegúrese de
comprender y siga
las indicaciones de
los manuales y los
letreros de seguridad
Evite las partes
giratorias
Sepa cuáles son
y evite los puntos
donde pueda quedar
atrapado
5
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Evite las lesiones provocadas por equipos elevados
Evite posibles lesiones de aplastamiento por caídas de la
cortadora u otros equipos elevados.
Evite ser aplastado –
Bloquee o apoye
con seguridad la
cortadora
Antes de trabajar cerca o debajo de partes levadas de la
cortadora o de los equipos:
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad las partes elevadas de
la cortadora o los equipos de acuerdo con el manual
del operador.
— Apoye, bloquee o trabe con seguridad los laterales con
dispositivos de bloqueo aprobados o descienda las
partes de la cortadora o de los equipos hasta el suelo.
— Use trabas de transporte cuando transporte la
cortadora por la vía pública.
Evite lesiones producidas por líquidos a alta presión
Evite las lesiones por inyección de fluidos debidas a fugas
de líquidos a alta presión.
Si un fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído
dentro de pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
Las fugas de fluido bajo presión pueden no ser visibles.
Al verificar en busca de fugas o cuando trabaja cerca de
sistemas presurizados:
— Lea las prácticas de seguridad recomendadas en los
manuales del operador del fabricante.
— Use una protección facial o antiparras de seguridad
para proteger los ojos.
— Use un cartón o una madera para buscar fugas; NO
use las manos.
— Alivie la presión del sistema antes de desconectar líneas.
— Busque y repare las líneas, los tubos y las mangueras
dañados o con fugas.
— Busque y apriete las conexiones flojas.
— Purgue el aire del sistema antes de hacerlo funcionar.
El fluido a alta
presión puede
inyectarse en el
cuerpo
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Evite lesiones por incendios y explosiones
Aplique el freno de estacionamiento, apague el motor de
la cortadora y del tractor y retire la llave mientras llena
el depósito de combustible. Tenga precaución adicional
cuando carga combustible en un motor caliente. Nunca
fume mientras carga combustible. Evite las chispas
conectando a tierra la boquilla de combustible contra el
cuello de llenado del depósito.
Los vapores de un depósito de combustible vacío son
explosivos. Nunca suelde o realice cortes en líneas,
depósitos o contenedores de combustible.
Retire toda la basura o los residuos de corte de la
máquina todos los días o según sea necesario. Mantenga
los residuos alejados del motor, el escape, los embragues
y otras fuentes de calor. Use supresores de chispas,
según corresponda, en el sistema de escape del motor.
Asegúrese de que no haya trapos con aceite u otro
material inflamable almacenado en la máquina.
operador del fabricante correspondientes a la cortadora
de césped. No use éter/fluido para arranque en frío si el
motor está equipado con bujías de precalentamiento u
otro dispositivo de precalentamiento.
Siempre use solvente no inflamable para limpiar las
partes. No use gasolina, combustible diesel u otros fluidos
inflamables. Almacene todos los fluidos y materiales
inflamables lejos de la máquina y de la zona de trabajo.
Sepa dónde se guardan los extintores de incendios, cómo
funcionan y para qué tipo de incendio están destinados.
Verifique la disponibilidad de los extintores de incendios de
acuerdo con las instrucciones del fabricante. Asegúrese de
que cada tractor esté equipado con un extintor de incendios.
No fumar;
evitar las llamas
abiertas
Revise en busca de fugas de combustible, aceite o fluido
hidráulico. Repare las fugas y limpie la máquina antes de
hacerla funcionar.
El éter/fluido para arranque en frío es inflamable. No fume
cuando usa éter/fluido para arranque en frío. Siempre
siga las instrucciones del recipiente y de los manuales del
6
Retire los
residuos a diario
o según sea
necesario
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
¡Manténgase alerta!
Para una operación segura
Sepa dónde obtener asistencia. Sepa cómo usar un
equipo de primeros auxilios y un extintor de incendios/
sistema de supresión de fuego.
Usted debe ser un operador cualificado y autorizado
para operar la máquina correctamente. Debe comprender
claramente las instrucciones por escrito que proporciona
el fabricante, recibir capacitación (que incluya la
operación real de la cortadora de césped) y conocer
las reglas y ordenanzas de seguridad correspondientes
al sitio de trabajo. Una buena práctica de seguridad
consiste en señalar y explicar los letreros y las prácticas
de seguridad y asegurarse de que otras personas
comprendan la importancia de seguir estas instrucciones.
¡Manténgase informado!
Aproveche los programas de capacitación que se ofrecen.
¡Tenga cuidado!
El error humano es causado por muchos factores: descuido,
fatiga, sobrecarga, preocupación, desconocimiento de
la máquina por parte del operador, fármacos y alcohol,
entre muchos otros. Los daños al tractor o la cortadora de
césped se pueden arreglar en un tiempo breve, pero las
lesiones o la muerte tienen un efecto perdurable.
Por su seguridad y la de los demás, aliente a sus
compañeros de trabajo a actuar con seguridad.
Nunca use
fármacos o alcohol
mientras está
operando la máquina
¡ADVERTENCIA! Los fármacos y el alcohol afectan la
capacidad de alerta y de coordinación del operador,
así como su capacidad para operar los equipos con
seguridad. Nunca use fármacos o alcohol mientras
opera el equipo de la cortadora. Nunca permita a
sabiendas que otra persona opere esta máquina con
la capacidad de alerta o coordinación deteriorada.
Un operador que toma un medicamento recetado o de
venta libre debe consultar a un profesional médico con
respecto a los efectos colaterales del medicamento que
podrían reducir su capacidad de operar este equipo con
seguridad.
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Conozca las reglas
La mayoría de los empleadores tienen reglas que rigen la
operación y el mantenimiento de los equipos. Antes de
comenzar a trabajar en una ubicación nueva, verifique con
el supervisor o con el coordinador de seguridad. Averigüe
sobre las reglas que tendrá que obedecer.
La Administración de Seguridad y Salud Ocupacional
(Occupational Safety and Health Administration,
OSHA) hace cumplir leyes federales dentro de los
EE.UU. que se aplican a la operación, la aplicación y el
mantenimiento seguros de equipos en un sitio de trabajo.
Es responsabilidad del empleador cumplir estas leyes. Un
representante de OSHA puede visitar periódicamente un
sitio de trabajo para ver si estas leyes se cumplen.
También puede haber leyes estatales/provinciales o locales
u ordenanzas internacionales que se apliquen a este
equipo y a su uso, junto con reglas específicas del sitio
de trabajo o del empleador. Es importante que conozca y
cumpla todas las leyes y reglas aplicables, incluso las que
requieren capacitación y certificación del operador.
Las siguientes son algunas de las reglas que debe
cumplir al trabajar:
— Un ROPS (sistema de protección antivuelco) y un tractor
equipado con cinturón de seguridad es exigencia del
gobierno federal (OSHA) par ala protección de los
operadores durante el funcionamiento de la cortadora.
Una cabina cerrada proporciona protección adicional para
el operador con respecto a objetos arrojados. Verifique el
manual del operador de la cortadora de césped para ver
si también se requiere una cabina de tractor.
— Use y verifique que otras personas usen la indumentaria
y los equipos de protección personal correctos.
— Inspeccione la máquina y los accesorios antes de cada
uso según lo especificado por el fabricante y por su
empleador.
— Conozca las limitaciones y las características operativas
del equipo de corte de césped. No haga un uso indebido.
— Verifique que todos los escudos y las guardas estén
correctamente instalados antes de hacer funcionar la
máquina.
— Nunca modifique o retire partes de la máquina (excepto
para realizar servicios; después, asegúrese de que se
vuelvan a colocar en su lugar).
Reglas
de seguridad
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Sepa cuáles son
y asegúrese de
comprender las reglas
de funcionamiento
7
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Algunas reglas que debe cumplir al trabajar
(continuación)
— Únicamente personas cualificadas y autorizadas
pueden manejar estos equipos.
— Nunca permita que los niños jueguen en los equipos,
viajen en ellos o los hagan funcionar. Los niños no
están cualificados para manejar estos equipos.
— No transporte pasajeros.
— Use contacto en tres puntos (asideros y peldaños) y
enfrente el equipo al ascender o descender de él.
— Mantenga a las personas ajenas a 300 pies (92 m) de la
operación de corte.
— Familiarícese con el sitio de trabajo antes de usar la
cortadora de césped. Tenga en cuenta posibles riesgos
que puede encontrar en el terreno. Retire o marque los
obstáculos y residuos que podrían dañar la cortadora o
ser arrojados por ella.
— Utilice sólo accesorios y partes aprobados por el
fabricante de la cortadora de césped.
— Asegúrese de que todos accesorios estén descendidos,
aplique el freno de estacionamiento, apague el motor y
haga funcionar todas las palancas de control. Retire la
llave antes de salir del tractor. (Consulte la página 18,
Prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos.)
— Cuando transporte la cortadora de césped en un
remolque, siga las instrucciones detalladas del fabricante
para la carga, el amarre y la descarga de la cortadora.
Mantenga
a los niños alejados
de los equipos
Mantenga a las
personas ajenas
alejadas
No lleve
pasajeros
Apague los equipos
cuando están sin
vigilancia
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Conozca los equipos
Lea y asegúrese de comprender los letreros de seguridad
que indican PELIGRO, ADVERTENCIA, PRECAUCIÓN
y AVISO y otros letreros informativos que hay sobre
el tractor y la cortadora de césped y en el manual del
operador del fabricante. Solicítele al supervisor o al
distribuidor de la cortadora que le explique cualquier
información que no comprenda. El incumplimiento de las
instrucciones de seguridad podría resultar en lesiones
graves o muerte.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender
todos los letreros
de seguridad
8
Asegúrese de que todas las estructuras de protección,
guardas, escudos, pantallas y paneles del fabricante
están bien reparados, en su lugar y bien ajustados.
Los componentes de seguridad dañados, faltantes o
debilitados pueden crear una situación de riesgo para
usted como operador. Nunca retire o modifique ningún
componente de seguridad (incluso escudos para objetos
arrojados) que haya en la cortadora.
Conozca lo siguiente sobre el tractor y la cortadora de
césped:
— Funcionamiento, propósito y uso de todos los controles.
— Velocidades de funcionamiento correctas.
— Capacidades y funcionamiento correcto en pendientes
y terrenos desparejos.
— Características del frenado y la dirección.
— Radio de giro y separaciones.
— Cómo detener los equipos rápidamente en una
emergencia.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Preparación para una operación segura
Revise los equipos de la cortadora de césped y el
tractor
Antes de comenzar la jornada de trabajo, inspeccione la
máquina y asegúrese de que todos los sistemas estén en
buenas condiciones operacionales.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones por aplastamiento
producidas por equipos que caen. La falla del sistema
hidráulico o de una parte podría causar la caída de
equipos que no están apoyados. No permanezca debajo
de equipos elevados excepto que estén correctamente
apoyados de acuerdo con el manual del operador.
— Realice procedimientos de servicio diarios y periódicos
según lo indicado por el fabricante del equipo.
— Verifique para detectar piezas faltantes, dañadas,
rotas o flojas en el tractor y en la cortadora de césped.
Repare o sustituya esas piezas.
— Verifique que los accesorios del tractor y la cortadora
sean los correctos.
— Verifique que la clasificación nominal de velocidad de
TDF del tractor y la cortadora sea la correcta.
— Verifique el estado de las hojas de la cortadora
de césped. Sustituya las hojas que se encuentren
gravemente gastadas, dobladas, agujereadas o
marcadas; incluya los pernos y sujetadores de las
hojas. Nunca enderece o suelde en las hojas.
— Asegúrese de que el escudo para objetos que son
arrojados se encuentre correctamente instalado y en buen
estado. Repárelo o sustitúyalo si está dañado o falta.
Recorrida de
inspección
Realice el
mantenimiento de
la máquina
Lea el manual –
Bloquee o apoye
con seguridad la
cortadora
Preparación para una operación segura
— Verifique que todos los escudos y guardas estén en su
lugar y que todos los equipos se encuentren en buenas
condiciones de funcionamiento. Esto incluye la línea
motriz de la TDF, la caja de engranajes y las guardas y
escudos de los implementos que se usan para proteger
al operador.
— Verifique que los dispositivos de bloqueo del extremo
en horquilla de la línea motriz estén correctamente
enclavados.
— Verifique en busca de sistemas hidráulicos dañados o
con fugas en el tractor o la cortadora. Repare o ajuste
según sea necesario.
¡ADVERTENCIA! El fluido hidráulico bajo presión puede
penetrar la piel o los ojos y causar lesiones graves,
ceguera o la muerte. Las fugas de fluido bajo presión
pueden no ser visibles. Utilice un cartón o una madera
para buscar fugas, no la mano. Use protección ocular.
Si el fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído dentro
de las próximas pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
— Mantenga la superficie de la plataforma del operador
limpia y libre de grasa, aceite, suciedad, nieve o
hielo. Los peldaños y asideros deben estar limpios y
funcionar correctamente.
— Asegúrese de que las luces de trabajo se mantengan
limpias (si están instaladas). Verifique que todas las
luces funcionen correctamente.
— Asegúrese de que el letrero de vehículo de movimiento
lento, los y las luces de advertencia estén en buenas
condiciones y puedan verse claramente.
— Asegúrese de que todas las herramientas y objetos
sueltos se retiren o se sujeten con seguridad mientras
se opera la máquina.
— Verifique que todos los letreros de seguridad se vean
con claridad. Sustituya los letreros dañados.
Revise para
detectar/guardas y
escudos dañados
Verifique en
busca de fugas e
inspeccione las
mangueras
Aparte las
reflectores
herramientas
9
Preparación para una operación segura
Familiarícese con la zona de trabajo
Antes de hacer funcionar la cortadora de césped,
inspeccione cuidadosamente la zona de trabajo. Recorra
a pie alrededor de la zona e inspeccione las superficies
sobre las cuales se desplazará cuando utilice la cortadora.
Recorra a pie
alrededor del lugar
de trabajo
Localice y evite:
— Agujeros
— Desmoronamientos
— Obstáculos (tocones)
— Excavaciones
— Agua estancada
— Lodo profundo
— Puntos mojados
— Suelo blando
— Puntos irregulares
— Líneas y aparatos
eléctricos
— Otros servicios públicos
— Cualquier condición que
podría causar una colisión,
pérdida de control o vuelco
— Pendientes empinadas
Busque residuos y obstáculos recorriendo a pie la zona
antes de cortar. Los objetos como alambre, cable, rocas,
neumáticos y metales que podrían dañar o ser arrojados
por la cortadora de césped deben retirarse o marcarse
claramente y evitarse.
Corrija las condiciones no seguras. No opere en áreas
con problemas donde no se puedan retirar o marcar los
residuos y los obstáculos.
Analice la zona de corte para determinar:
— El procedimiento de corte más eficiente.
— La altura del material que debe cortarse.
— Las condiciones operativas del terreno.
— Cómo usar mejor el patrón de corte en sentido de
avance.
— Las posibilidades de que personas ajenas o que pasan
circunstancialmente queden expuestas a objetos que
se arrojan.
Retire o marque
los residuos y
obstáculos
Tenga cuidado con otras personas
Antes de poner en marcha los equipos:
— Recorra a pie alrededor de los equipos.
— Verifique en busca de personas debajo o cerca de los
equipos.
— Retire a todas las personas de esas zonas.
— Haga sonar una advertencia.
Preparación para una operación segura
Ascienda y descienda del tractor correctamente
Siempre use contacto de tres puntos al ascender o
descender del tractor o de la cortadora de césped.
Enfrente la máquina al ingresar o salir de ella. Un contacto
de tres puntos significa que tres de los cuatro miembros
(brazos y piernas) están en contacto con la máquina en
todo momento durante el ascenso y descenso.
Antes de ascender:
— Límpiese el calzado y las manos. Limpie la nieve, el
hielo, el lodo o el aceite de los peldaños y asideros.
Durante el ascenso y el descenso:
— Use los asideros y los estribos.
— Nunca se aferre al volante o a los controles como
asideros.
— Nunca ascienda o descienda de un tractor en
movimiento.
— Nunca ascienda o descienda transportando
herramientas u objetos que impidan el contacto de tres
puntos. Deje en el piso las piezas o las herramientas.
Manteniendo el contacto correcto, suba y, después,
recoja el objeto.
10
Utilice contacto
de tres puntos
Limpie las
superficies
resbaladizas
Preparación para una operación segura
Prueba de seguridad de los controles del tractor
y de la cortadora de césped
Arranque el tractor siguiendo los procedimientos
específicos del manual del operador del fabricante. Estos
procedimientos normalmente incluyen:
— Colóquese y ajústese el cinturón de seguridad en el
tractor equipado con ROPS.
— Verifique que el freno de estacionamiento esté aplicado.
— Verifique que la TDF esté desenganchada.
— Verifique que todos los controles estén en la posición
de estacionamiento.
— Advierta a otras personas en la zona antes de arrancar
el tractor.
— Arranque el tractor siguiendo los procedimientos de
arranque que recomienda el fabricante del tractor.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muertes
producidas por el movimiento inesperado de la máquina.
Arranque el motor únicamente desde el puesto del
operador. Nunca intente arrancar el motor haciendo
un corto entre los bornes del arranque o tomando la
llave desde el suelo o desde afuera de la cabina.
Después del arranque:
— Verifique que todos los instrumentos, indicadores y
luces indicadoras funcionen normalmente.
— Verifique que todos los controles, la dirección y los
frenos del tractor funcionen correctamente.
Use el ROPS
y el cinturón de
seguridad
Arranque
únicamente desde
el asiento del
operador
Revise los
instrumentos y
controles
— Eleve y descienda la cortadora de césped en busca
de problemas en el descenso total o el enganche de la
línea motriz.
— Verifique los equipos en busca de vibraciones
excesivas y ruidos anormales.
Preparación para una operación segura
— Use las prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos
antes de inspeccionar equipos. Espere hasta que todo
movimiento de los equipos se haya detenido antes de
descender del tractor o la cortadora de césped.
— No haga funcionar la cortadora si el tractor y la cortadora
de césped no funcionan correctamente. Coloque una
etiqueta que indique “No poner en funcionamiento” en la
máquina, retire la llave y no haga funcionar la cortadora
hasta que el problema se haya corregido.
Sistema de toma de fuerza (TDF)
No descienda hasta
que el movimiento de
los equipos se haya
detenido
Use una etiqueta
que indique
“No poner en
funcionamiento”
Asegúrese de hacer funcionar el tractor a la velocidad de
TDF indicada para la cortadora.
Al hacer funcionar tractores con sistemas de TDF
impulsados por transmisión, una cortadora giratoria tiene
un significativo efecto de rueda volante. La cortadora
puede seguir propulsando un tractor con un sistema de
TDF impulsado por transmisión.
El tractor debe estar equipado y funcionar como sigue:
— Instale una línea motriz equipada con un embrague de
sobrecarga.
— Prevea suficiente espacio y tiempo para maniobrar
anticipando los giros, las paradas y las reducciones de
velocidad.
Use la velocidad
de la TDF
11
Preparación para una operación segura
Enganche de la cortadora de césped al tractor
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Cortadoras montadas en enganche de tres puntos:
— Consulte los manuales de los fabricantes de la
cortadora y del tractor.
— Coloque la palanca selectora de elevación de potencia
hidráulica del tractor en la posición descendida para
evitar movimientos imprevistos.
— Explique los procedimientos de enganche a los
operadores que no puedan leerlos.
— Pueden requerirse pesos en el extremo delantero para
mantener el control de la dirección y la estabilidad del
extremo delantero. Consulte los manuales del operador
de los fabricantes.
— Al hacer retroceder el tractor hasta la cortadora de
césped, NUNCA permita que haya personas entre
tractor y la cortadora.
— Instale la cortadora en los eslabones de tres puntos del
tractor y asegúrela en su lugar con pasadores.
— Instale con seguridad la línea motriz a la TDF del
tractor. Descienda el escudo principal hasta su lugar
si es móvil. Empuje y tire de la línea motriz para
asegurarse de que esté trabada en el vástago de
la TDF.
Mantenga una
distribución
correcta del peso
No permita que
haya nadie entre el
tractor y la cortadora
de césped
Evite quedar
enredado, use
guardas y
escudos
Preparación para una operación segura
Cortadoras montadas en enganche tipo de tiro:
— Consulte los manuales de los fabricantes de la
cortadora y del tractor.
— Retire el acople rápido del enganche de tres puntos si
está instalado.
— Instálelo únicamente al enganche de la barra de tiro.
— Ajuste la longitud de la barra de tiro del tractor para el
funcionamiento de la TDF a 540 ó 1000 rpm.
— Al hacer retroceder el tractor hasta la cortadora de
césped, NUNCA permita que haya personas entre
tractor y la cortadora.
— Instale correctamente la cadena de remolque de
seguridad de la cortadora en el tractor.
— Instale con seguridad la línea motriz a la TDF del
tractor. Empuje y tire de la línea motriz para asegurarse
de que esté trabada en la TDF. Descienda el escudo
principal a su lugar.
— Conecte las mangueras hidráulicas de la cortadora de
césped en el tractor.
— Asegúrese de que los laterales o las plataformas
elevadas de la cortadora estén sostenidas por los
cilindros antes de retirar las trabas de transporte.
Nunca haga fuerza para soltar las trabas de transporte
o de los laterales. Los laterales o la plataforma podrían
caerse y aplastarlo.
12
TDF
540 RPM
540ARPO
PTO
1-3/8"
ESTRÍA66SPLINE
A 1 3/8"
14
PULG.
14IN
Ajuste de la
barra de tiro del
tractor
TDF
A 1000
1000
RPORPM
PTO
ESTRÍA21
21SPLINE
A 1 3/8"
1-3/8"
16
16IN
PULG.
TDF
A 1000
1
1000
RPORPM
PTO
ESTRÍA
20 ASPLINE
1 ¾"
1-3/4" 20
20
20IN
PULG.
Confirme que los
laterales estén
apoyados antes de
soltar las trabas
Evite quedar
enredado, use
guardas y
escudos
Arranque con seguridad
Cómo realizar un arranque correcto
Corte la hierba únicamente con luz diurna o en
condiciones de buena luz artificial.
Evite lesiones graves o muerte producidas por objetos
arrojados por la cortadora o por el contacto con las hojas:
— Mantenga los escudos de las cadenas, los escudos
deflectores flexibles o sólidos y las rampas de
descarga en su lugar y en buen estado de reparación.
— Mantenga a las personas ajenas a 300 pies (92 m) de la
operación de corte.
— Nunca dirija la descarga de la cortadora hacia una
persona.
— Mantenga las manos, los pies y otras partes del
cuerpo alejadas de las piezas giratorias, las hojas y las
aberturas de descarga.
— No haga funcionar la cortadora de césped en la
posición de transporte.
No se acerque a una cortadora hasta que todo
movimiento se haya detenido.
Enganche de la transmisión de RDF de la cortadora de
césped:
— Eleve la cortadora hasta la altura de corte máxima.
— Enganche la TDF a baja velocidad del motor.
— Aumente la velocidad del motor hasta llegar a la
velocidad nominal de la TDF.
— Descienda la cortadora hasta la altura de corte deseada.
— Detenga y apague de inmediato si la cortadora golpea
contra una obstrucción.
— Inspeccione y repare cualquier daño de la cortadora
antes de reanudar el corte.
— No haga funcionar una cortadora que vibra en exceso o
produce ruidos anormales.
Hojas giratorias –
Manténgase
No ponga en
funcionamiento una
cortadora de césped
dañada
Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped
Dependiendo del propósito previsto, las cortadoras
están diseñadas para cortar hierba, maleza, broza y
cultivos. Las hojas de la cortadora están diseñadas y
probadas para uso intensivo. Las hojas de la cortadora,
sin embargo, no están diseñadas para entrar en contacto
con objetos sólidos como rocas, cemento o metales. Un
impacto de este tipo puede arrojar objetos rotos hasta
300 pies (92 m) de distancia. Nunca debe haber personas
ajenas a menos de 300 pies (92 m) de una cortadora
giratoria en funcionamiento o a menos de 100 pies (30 m)
de una cortadora de disco correctamente equipada.
Operación con seguridad
Los escudos de la cortadora están diseñados para reducir
el riesgo de objetos arrojados y se deben mantener
correctamente y en su lugar durante las operaciones de
corte.
Siga todas
las reglas de
seguridad
El riesgo de lesiones graves o muerte puede reducirse
significativamente si se siguen estas reglas. Si no se
siguen todas estas reglas de seguridad, la operación
de corte debe detenerse en caso de que alguna
persona ingrese dentro del límite de seguridad
correspondiente a cada tipo de cortadora.
Realice el corte de la zona a una altura intermedia.
Inspeccione la zona atentamente y retire o marque
cualquier residuo u obstáculo restante. Corte nuevamente
a la altura final deseada.
Primero — Inspeccione la zona antes de cortar y retire las
piedras, ramas, alambres, cables, metales, vidrios y otros
objetos sólidos antes de hacer funcionar la máquina. Los
objetos que no puedan retirarse deben marcarse con
claridad y ser evitados con cuidado por el operador.
Segundo — Los escudos para objetos arrojados por la
cortadora deben usarse cuando se opera cerca de caminos,
parques, zonas pobladas u otras zonas donde objetos
arrojados podrían lesionar a personas ajenas o dañar la
propiedad. Siga el manual del operador del fabricante.
En áreas sin cultivos con hierba y maleza de altura
suficiente como para ocultar objetos que podrían ser
golpeados por las hojas, inspeccione la zona y retire o
marque los residuos u obstáculos grandes.
Tercero — Cruce en sentido diagonal cuando realiza
el corte a través de zanjas, depresiones marcadas y
hundimientos. Eleve la cortadora para evitar que las hojas
de la cortadora golpeen el suelo.
13
Operación con seguridad
Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped
(continuación)
Apague la TDF, espere que las hojas dejen de girar, eleve
la cortadora y, después, retroceda.
Cortadoras de disco — Cuando se usa una cortadora
de disco, es importante conocer la zona donde se va a
cortar. Si el operador ha realizado cortes en el terreno
antes y está familiarizado con todos los obstáculos
que puede haber, es suficiente observar delante de la
trayectoria de la cortadora para detectar cualquier objeto
adicional que pueda haber ingresado en el terreno. Esté
preparado para detenerse o evitar objetos que podrían
ser peligrosos si son arrojados por la cortadora. Si piensa
cortar en un terreno que no conoce bien y se encuentra
junto a un camino transitado o puede haber personas
a menos de 100 pies (30 m) de la cortadora de césped,
debe inspeccionar y limpiar o marcar el terreno.
Corte desplazándose en sentido de avance.
Cómo cortar en retroceso
No corte mientras se desplaza en retroceso. Es más
probable que se arrojen objetos y que éstos puedan llegar
más lejos.
No corte
en retroceso
Use la velocidad
de desplazamiento
correcta
Velocidad de desplazamiento durante el corte
La velocidad de desplazamiento correcta depende de las
condiciones del terreno y del tipo de hierba, la densidad y
la altura que debe cortarse:
— El rango normal de velocidad de desplazamiento es de
2 a 5 mph (3.2 a 8 km/h).
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento menor para
cortar hierbas altas y densas.
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento mayor para
cortar hierba delgada a altura media y con condiciones
de terreno sin dificultades.
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento menor par acortar
en terreno irregular, con pendientes o no muy conocido.
Las cortadoras de disco están diseñadas para usar
velocidades de desplazamiento mayores cuando funcionan
en terrenos despejados de residuos y peligros superficiales.
Operación con seguridad
Corte de hierba extremadamente alta
Puede ser necesario cortar dos veces la hierba
extremadamente alta que no sea cultivo. (Consulte la página
13, Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped.)
Detenga
la hoja antes de
desatascar
Primera pasada de corte:
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender del
tractor. (Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
— Inspeccione la zona y retire o marque cualquier residuo u
obstáculo.
— Corte la hierba a mayor altura (10 a 15 pulg. [25 a 38 cm])
para evitar los objetos ocultos.
Proporcione el
espacio libre
adecuado para la
oscilación de la
cortadora de césped
Segunda pasada de corte:
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender
del tractor.
— Inspeccione la zona y retire o marque cualquier residuo
u obstáculo.
— Corte la hierba a la altura deseada y, de ser posible, a
90 grados con respecto a la primera pasada de corte.
14
Preste atención a los espacios libres de los
equipos
Las cortadoras con enganche de tres puntos y montaje
lateral tienen un arco de giro mayor que las tipo de tiro.
Deje el espacio libre suficiente para la oscilación de la
cortadora cuando gira.
No permita que haya personas ajenas cerca del tractor
y la cortadora de césped cuando mueve o transporta el
tractor y la cortadora.
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para la cortadora de
césped de montaje inferior
Cuando se traslada con una cortadora de césped de
montaje inferior:
— Mantenga la rampa de descarga extraíble en su lugar y
por encima de la abertura de descarga.
— Nunca se pare sobre la carcasa de una cortadora
de césped cuando el motor del tractor está en
funcionamiento.
— Distribuya los recortes de hierba con la rampa de
descarga orientada hacia la zona donde se cortó.
— Antes de limpiar una cortadora o una rampa de
descarga atascada, apague la máquina usando la
práctica correcta para apagado del equipo. (Consulte
la página 18, Prácticas correctas de apagado de los
equipos.)
Nunca se pare
sobre la cortadora
de césped –
Manténgase alejado
Mantenga
la rampa en
su lugar
Detenga
la hoja antes de
desatascar
Operación con seguridad
Cortadora de césped con lateral o aguilón
Peligros y riesgos de obstrucciones elevadas
Verifique en busca de obstrucciones elevadas con las
cortadoras que tienen el lateral o el aguilón elevado, para
evitar lesiones graves o la muerte por contacto con:
— Líneas y aparatos eléctricos.
— Ramas bajas de los árboles.
— Otras obstrucciones elevadas.
— Mantenga las distancias especificadas con respecto a
los cables y los aparatos eléctricos. Nunca se acerque
a cables o aparatos eléctricos energizados con ninguna
parte de la máquina, salvo que se hayan tomado todas
las precauciones de seguridad locales, estatales/
provinciales y federales (OSHA) necesarias. Use
extrema precaución.
No se acerque a
líneas de electricidad
energizadas
Manténgase alejado
de los equipos
energizados
¡PELIGRO! Evite la electrocución o lesiones graves por
contacto o un espacio libre inadecuado con respecto
a líneas o aparatos eléctricos energizados. No permita
que la máquina o el accesorio se acerque o entre en
contacto con una línea de electricidad. No se acerque
ni toque una máquina que esté en contacto con una
línea de electricidad.
15
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para cortadoras de
césped con laterales y montaje lateral
300 ft
(92 m)
Las posiciones elevadas de los laterales reducen la
protección de los escudos y aumentan los riesgos de
objetos arrojados y contacto con las hojas.
Evite la posibilidad de lesiones graves o muerte por
objetos arrojados o contacto con las hojas causados
por la elevación y el descenso de los laterales durante
las operaciones de corte:
— No realice cortes con personas ajenas presentes a
menos de 300 pies (92 m) de la cortadora de césped.
— Asegúrese de que no haya personas cerca de la
cortadora mientras se elevan o descienden los
laterales.
— Apague la TDF y espere hasta que todos los elementos
giratorios se hayan detenido antes de elevar la
plataforma o la sección lateral de la cortadora.
— Únicamente eleve el lateral para quitar objetos de la
trayectoria de corte o para acompañar una pendiente
del terreno.
— Descienda hasta el suelo el lateral elevado una vez que
se eliminó el objeto o se superó la pendiente.
— Detenga el trabajo de corte si alguna persona se acerca
a menos de 300 pies (92 m) de la zona de corte.
Mantenga a las
personas ajenas
alejadas de la zona
de corte
Evite golpear
obstrucciones
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
orillas de zanjas
Use extremo cuidado al realizar cortes en orillas
de zanjas. Preste atención a escurrimientos, zonas
erosionadas y obstrucciones para el corte a lo largo de
las orillas de zanjas. Si se golpean obstrucciones con
cortadoras de montaje lateral o con aguilón, el extremo
delantero del tractor puede desviarse hacia la zanja.
Operación con seguridad
Los trabajos en orillas de zanjas con aguilón y lateral
elevado pueden reducir la eficacia de la protección del
operador de la cortadora que proporcionan los escudos
para objetos arrojados.
Utilice cabinas
cerradas con ROPS
o cerramientos de
protección
— Cuando realice estas operaciones, use cabinas cerradas
con ROPS, cerramientos protectores especiales y otros
escudos para el operador que ofrece el fabricante.
— Inspeccione la zona de corte y retire o marque todos
los objetos extraños y los residuos que deberá esquivar
la cortadora.
de que el ROPS está elevado y trabado en su lugar y
use siempre el cinturón de seguridad.
Prevenga los vuelcos del tractor y de la cortadora de césped
y mantenga controlada la estabilidad de los equipos:
— Repase los manuales del operador del tractor y de la
cortadora para ver las prácticas de seguridad para
operaciones en pendientes y terrenos desparejos.
Explique las prácticas a los operadores que no puedan
leerlas.
— Evite trabajar en pendientes extremadamente
empinadas.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
terrenos desparejos
Las pendientes y los terrenos desparejos reducen la
estabilidad del tractor y de la cortadora.
Como en todas las condiciones de corte, use tractores
equipados con ROPS y cinturón de seguridad. Asegúrese
16
Use el ROPS
y el cinturón
de seguridad
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
terrenos desparejos (continuación)
— Use extremo cuidado para mantener el control de los
equipos cuando trabaja en estas condiciones.
— Aumente la estabilidad del tractor agregando
pesos o lastre en las ruedas y aumentando al
máximo la separación entre las ruedas. Consulte las
recomendaciones en el manual del operador.
— Mantenga la velocidad de desplazamiento en el mínimo.
— Realice giros amplios y graduales.
— Evite los arranques, las paradas y los giros bruscos
cuando trabaje en subidas o bajadas de pendientes o
sobre ellas.
— No levante del suelo las cortadoras de montaje trasero
o de montaje lateral ni los laterales de la cortadora
durante estas operaciones.
— Manténganse alerta en busca de agujeros, baches,
pozos, tocones u otras obstrucciones que podrían
hacer volcar la máquina.
— Evite las condiciones de suelo resbaladizo que podrían
causar la pérdida de control y el vuelco del tractor y la
cortadora.
— Evite bajar completamente y golpear el suelo cuando
cruza en sentido diagonal depresiones marcadas y
hundimientos.
Mantenga
el control,
desplácese
Agregue lastre,
ensanche la
separación entre
las ruedas
Evite los pozos,
baches y agujeros
Use extremo cuidado al mantener la estabilidad de los
equipos durante todos los trabajos de corte en terrenos
desparejos y pendientes. Usted es quien juzga en última
instancia si en cualquier pendiente se puede trabajar con
seguridad.
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para el transporte en caminos
Antes de operar en la vía pública:
— Consulte los manuales del operador de los fabricantes
de la cortadora y del tractor para ver instrucciones.
— Explique las instrucciones a los usuarios u operadores
que no puedan leerlas.
— Verifique las ordenanzas locales sobre marcas, luces,
balizas, etc. requeridas en los equipos durante el
desplazamiento por la vía pública. Se requieren luces
en las cortadoras que obstaculizan la visibilidad de las
luces traseras y/o las luces de advertencia del tractor.
— Cuando transporte la cortadora de césped en un
remolque, siga las instrucciones detalladas del fabricante
para la carga, el amarre y la descarga de la cortadora.
Antes de transportar en la vía pública:
— Desconecte la alimentación de la TDF a la cortadora.
— Eleve la cortadora a la posición de transporte y aplique
la traba para transporte.
— Trabe los laterales de la cortadora de césped en la
posición de transporte con dispositivos de bloqueo
aprobados.
— Instale una cadena de seguridad para remolque entre la
cortadora tipo de tiro y el tractor.
— Asegúrese de que las luces, las luces de advertencia y
los reflectores están en su lugar y son visibles.
— Verifique que el emblema de vehículo de movimiento le
resulte visible a cualquier vehículo que se aproxime por
atrás.
Durante el transporte en la vía pública:
— Obedezca todas las ordenanzas de tránsito locales.
— Acérquese a las intersecciones con precaución.
— Observe los letreros de velocidad y control del tránsito.
— Evite las paradas de emergencia y los giros cerrados.
Sea un operador amable y apártese periódicamente para
dejar pasar el tránsito.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
STOP
YIELD
Obedezca las
ordenanzas de
tránsito
17
Estacionamiento seguro
Prácticas de seguridad para el estacionamiento
— Use las zonas designadas o alejadas del tránsito.
— Use lugares con suelo firme y nivelado.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento.
— Descienda el equipo de la cortadora de césped hasta
el suelo.
P
Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender del
tractor. (Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
Lugares de estacionamiento con suelo en pendiente:
— Ubique los equipos transversalmente con respecto a la
pendiente.
— Aplique los frenos de estacionamiento.
— Descienda el equipo de la cortadora de césped hasta
el suelo.
— Bloquee las ruedas del tractor.
Aplique el freno de
estacionamiento
Descienda
los equipos elevados
hasta el suelo
Antes de estacionar temporalmente y dejar equipos
deshabilitados cerca de zonas con tránsito:
— Retire los equipos de la vía pública.
— Instale banderas de advertencia.
— Use las balizas de advertencia del tractor.
Apagado con seguridad
Prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos
PTO
Transforme el apagado correcto de los equipos en un hábito.
El apagado correcto de un tractor y una cortadora
de césped puede ayudar a evitar accidentes cuando
la cortadora está sin vigilancia. Apague la cortadora
siguiendo los procedimientos específicos del manual
del operador del fabricante. Estos procedimientos
normalmente incluirán:
— Reduzca la velocidad del motor.
— Desenganche el embrague de la TDF y la transmisión.
— Haga funcionar el motor en ralentí para que se enfríe
gradualmente.
— Coloque todos los controles en la posición de
estacionamiento.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento.
— Descienda la cortadora de césped hasta el suelo.
— Descienda los laterales de las cortadoras con laterales
hasta el suelo.
— Apague el motor, trabe la ignición y retire la llave de la
máquina; llévela con usted.
— Espere hasta que todas las piezas móviles se hayan
detenido antes de descender.
— Libere la presión hidráulica moviendo los controles
hidráulicos varias veces en todas las direcciones.
— Trabe las cubiertas y los cerramientos antivandalismo, si
están instalados, cuando los equipos están sin vigilancia.
— Descienda con cuidado manteniendo contacto de tres
puntos.
18
Desenganche la TDF,
aplique el freno
STOP
P
Descienda los
equipos elevados
hasta el suelo
Espere hasta que las
piezas giratorias se
detengan
Retire la llave, trabe
la ignición, llévese
la llave
Apagado con seguridad
Descenso correcto
— Nunca descienda de equipos en movimiento.
— Nunca baje de una máquina saltando.
— Descienda con cuidado.
— Verifique que no haya peldaños resbaladizos.
— Mantenga los pies y las manos lejos de los controles.
— Use los asideros y los peldaños durante el descenso.
— Enfrente la máquina y use contacto de tres puntos (2
manos y 1 pie o 2 pies y 1 mano).
Espere hasta que las
piezas móviles se
detengan
Use contacto de tres
puntos; enfrente a
la máquina
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de los equipos
Realice el
mantenimiento de
los equipos
Asegúrese de mantener los equipos de acuerdo con las
instrucciones del fabricante. Verifique con regularidad el
funcionamiento de los dispositivos de protección y de
seguridad.
No realice ningún trabajo en un tractor o en una cortadora
de césped si no está autorizado y cualificado para
hacerlo.
Si ha sido autorizado para realizar mantenimiento, lea
los manuales del operador y de servicios. Estudie las
instrucciones; verifique las tablas de lubricación; examine
todos los mensajes de instrucciones que haya sobre la
máquina. El mantenimiento puede ser peligroso si no se
realiza correctamente. Asegúrese de tener las habilidades
necesarias, la información y las herramientas y equipos
correctos para realizar el trabajo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! No modifique equipos ni agregue
componentes no aprobados por el fabricante. Use
piezas, lubricantes y técnicas de servicio recomendadas
por el fabricante.
Piezas de la cortadora de césped y seguridad
personal
Los fabricantes de cortadoras de césped usan
sujetadores y específicos y piezas especialmente
diseñadas para cumplir con los requisitos de las
operaciones de las cortadoras. Las piezas críticas (pernos
autobloqueantes de las hojas, hojas, pasadores, escudos
y otros componentes especiales) tienen requisitos
específicos de resistencia, diseño y ajuste para la marca y
el modelo de cortadora que usted está usando.
Evite posibles lesiones graves o la muerte por el uso de
piezas o modificaciones no aprobadas:
— No sustituya con tornillería común los pernos de las
hojas u otros componentes de piezas especiales
originales del fabricante.
— No sustituya hojas, pasadores, escudos u otras piezas
críticas.
— No use pernos de mayor resistencia para reemplazar
los pernos de seguridad originales del fabricante.
19
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Preparación personal
Use la ropa de protección personal y los equipos de
protección personal (PPE) que se le proporcionen o que
requieran las condiciones del trabajo. SIEMPRE debe
usar gafas de seguridad con escudos laterales.
Puede necesitar también:
— Casco
— Calzado de seguridad
— Anteojos de seguridad, antiparras o protección facial
— Delantal y guantes
— Protección para oídos
— Casco o antiparras para soldar
— Respirador o máscara con filtro
Use la ropa necesaria; no corra ningún riesgo.
Mantenga las manos (y la ropa)alejadas de todas las
piezas móviles. No use cordones sueltos, mangas flojas,
anillos, relojes o cabello largo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muerte por
enredos. No use ropa floja ni accesorios. Manténgase
alejado de todos los componentes giratorios cuando
el motor está en funcionamiento. El contacto, el
enrollado o el enredo con piezas giratorias o móviles
podrían resultar en lesiones graves o la muerte.
Evite las piezas
giratorias
Evite puntos donde
pueda quedar
atrapado
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Use un delantal de caucho y guantes de caucho cuando
trabaja con sustancias corrosivas. Use guantes y calzado
de seguridad cuando manipula bloques de madera o
metales con bordes agudos.
Use siempre anteojos de seguridad, antiparras o
protección facial. Proporcionan protección ocular para
fluidos bajo presión, mientras se esmerila y se realizan
servicios a las baterías. También es necesaria protección
contra residuos, líquidos y material suelto producido por
el equipo, las herramientas y el aire/agua presurizada.
Use protección facial y siga las instrucciones del
fabricante cuando desarma componentes cargados a
resorte o cuando trabaja con ácidos de batería. Use un
casco o antiparras para soldar con filtro esfumado cuando
suelda o corta con soplete.
No arene, esmerile, corte con soplete o suelde sin
un respirador aprobado por NIOSH o una ventilación
adecuada. Si se requiere soldar en esta máquina, consulte
los manuales del operador o de servicios del fabricante o
consulte al concesionario de los equipos para obtener los
procedimientos correctos.
Mantenga los bolsillos sin objetos que podrían salirse y
caer dentro de la maquinaria.
20
Limpie las
superficies
resbaladizas
Ventile la zona
de trabajo
Maneje las herramientas y las piezas pesadas con
sensatez con respecto a usted mismo y a otras personas.
Deposite los elementos, no los deje caer.
Preparación de la zona de trabajo
— Ubique la cortadora de césped en una zona nivelada
fuera del paso de otros equipos en funcionamiento.
— Asegúrese de que haya luz, ventilación y espacio libre
adecuados.
— Quite el aceite, la grasa o el agua para eliminar toda
superficie resbaladiza.
— Limpie alrededor de la zona donde se realizarán
servicios para minimizar la contaminación.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Preparación de la máquina
Deben controlarse o reducirse las fuentes de energía
almacenada (eléctricas, mecánicas, hidráulicas,
neumáticas, químicas, térmicas, etc.) al mínimo
practicable antes de realizar cualquier procedimiento de
mantenimiento, reparación o servicio.
Prácticas de seguridad para prevenir posibles lesiones
por fuentes que liberan energía:
— Desenganche la TDF antes de apagar el motor.
— Coloque los controles en la posición de estacionamiento
o punto muerto antes de apagar el motor.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento o bloquee las
ruedas.
— Espere hasta que todas las piezas móviles se
detengan.
— Descienda la cortadora de césped hasta el suelo.
— Descienda los laterales de las cortadoras con laterales
hasta el suelo.
— Apague el motor del tractor.
— Libere la presión del sistema hidráulico moviendo los
controles varias veces en todas las direcciones.
— Trabe la ignición, retire la llave y llévesela.
Prepare los
sistemas de la
máquina para
realizarles servicios
— Escuche y observe en busca de evidencias que
indiquen piezas en movimiento antes de descender.
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad la cortadora de
césped antes de trabajar debajo de ella o de otros
componentes elevados.
— Apoye, bloquee o trabe con seguridad los laterales de la
cortadora con dispositivos de traba aprobados antes de
trabajar cerca o debajo de una cortadora con laterales.
— Alivie la presión antes de desconectar o desarmar un
sistema presurizado.
— Bloquee o alivie la presión de los resortes antes de
desarmar un mecanismo cargado a resorte.
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad cualquier componente
elevado de la máquina antes de trabajar en él.
— Evite las llamas, las chispas y no fume cerca de
combustibles, fluido hidráulico u otro material
inflamable como los residuos de los cortes.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Fije una etiqueta con la advertencia “NO PONER EN
FUNCIONAMIENTO” en todas las palancas de control y
retire la llave de contacto si la cortadora de césped no
debe ser utilizada. Llévese la llave.
Use una “etiqueta que
indique No poner en
funcionamiento”
Instale dispositivos de apoyo aprobados cuando trabaja
debajo o cerca de equipos elevados.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Las cortadoras de césped u otros
equipos elevados no apoyados pueden caerse de manera
imprevista. Nunca se introduzca debajo de equipos
elevados si no están apoyados en dispositivos de
apoyo aprobados. La caída de equipos podría resultar en
una lesión grave o la muerte por aplastamiento.
Retire sólo las guardas o cubiertas que permiten acceder
a la zona donde se realizarán servicios. Vuelva a colocar
todas las guardas y cubiertas cuando el trabajo esté
terminado.
Utilice
dispositivos de apoyo
aprobados
Vuelva a colocar
todas las guardas
21
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Use ventilación adecuada
Si es necesario hacer funcionar un motor en una zona
cerrada, elimine del área las emanaciones de escape
con una extensión del caño de escape. Si no tiene esa
extensión, asegúrese de abrir las puertas y dejar entrar
aire del exterior.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones. Nunca trabaje
en la maquinaria con el motor en funcionamiento salvo
que así lo indiquen los manuales del fabricante para
un servicio en particular.
Retire la llave y
lea el manual de
mantenimiento
Ventile la zona
de trabajo
¡ADVERTENCIA! Nunca haga funcionar ningún tipo de
motor sin la ventilación adecuada: LAS EMANACIONES
DEL ESCAPE PUEDEN SER MORTALES.
Use gatos y malacates con cuidado
Los soportes o bloques de seguridad deben ubicarse
en una parte rígida de la cortadora. No ubique soportes
debajo de ejes o apoyos de ruedas que puedan girar.
Si debe trabajar debajo de equipos elevados, siempre
use bloques de madera (no de concreto), soportes de
gato u otros soportes rígidos y estables. Cuando use
gatos o malacates, siempre asegúrese de que están
correctamente apoyados.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones por
aplastamiento. Nunca use bloques de concreto para
apoyo. Pueden colapsar bajo cargas incluso livianas.
Use un apoyo
adecuado para los
equipos elevados
Asegúrese de que los malacates o gatos que usa estén en
buenas condiciones. Nunca use gatos con piezas rajadas,
dobladas o retorcidas. Nunca use cables pelados,
retorcidos o pellizcados. Nunca use ganchos doblados o
deformados.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para tareas de
mantenimiento comunes
Riesgos del combustible
¡ADVERTENCIA! Siempre use recipientes y/o equipos
de distribución de combustible aprobados.
Los combustibles son inflamables; por eso, debe cumplir
estas prácticas con el fin de reducir la posibilidad de un
accidente grave.
— Apague el motor y la ignición mientras carga combustible.
— Siempre conecte a tierra la boquilla de combustible
contra el cuello de llenado del depósito para evitar
chispas.
— Mantenga las chispas y llamas abiertas alejadas del
combustible.
— No fume mientras carga combustible o manipula
recipientes con combustible.
— No corte ni suelde en líneas, tanques o recipientes de
combustible ni cerca de ellos.
— No llene el depósito en exceso o derrame combustible.
Limpie el combustible derramado de inmediato.
22
Riesgos del refrigerante de motor
Los sistemas de refrigeración con líquidos acumulan
presión a medida que el motor se calienta; tenga suma
precaución antes de retirar la tapa del radiador.
Asegúrese de:
— Detener el motor y esperar que el sistema se enfríe.
— Usar ropa de protección y anteojos de seguridad.
— Girar la tapa del radiador lentamente hasta el primer
tope para permitir que la presión escape antes de
retirar la tapa por completo.
No fumar;
evitar las llamas
abiertas
Retire la tapa
del radiador
lentamente
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Riesgos del sistema hidráulico
El sistema hidráulico se encuentra bajo presión siempre
que el motor está funcionando; puede conservar presión
incluso después de apagar el motor. Haga funcionar
todos los controles hidráulicos incluyendo el control
hidráulico auxiliar después de que el motor esté apagado.
Alivie la presión atrapada en las líneas después de que los
accesorios están apagados y apoyados en el suelo.
Durante la inspección del sistema hidráulico:
— Espere que el fluido se enfríe antes de desconectar
las líneas. El fluido hidráulico caliente puede causar
QUEMADURAS GRAVES.
— No use las manos para verificar la presencia de fugas.
En cambio, use un cartón o papel para buscar fugas.
— Use protección ocular adecuada. El fluido hidráulico
puede causar lesiones oculares permanentes.
¡ADVERTENCIA! El fluido hidráulico bajo presión pueden
penetrar la piel o los ojos y causar lesiones graves,
ceguera o la muerte. Las fugas de fluido bajo presión
pueden no ser visibles. Utilice un cartón o una madera
para buscar fugas, no la mano. Use una protección
facial o antiparras de seguridad para proteger los
ojos. Si el fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído
dentro de las próximas pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
Cuando ventila o llena el sistema hidráulico, afloje la tapa
de llenado con lentitud y retírela gradualmente.
Nunca restablezca una válvula de alivio del sistema
hidráulico a una presión mayor que la recomendada por el
fabricante.
Use protección
ocular
El fluido a
alta presión puede
inyectarse en el
cuerpo
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Riesgos del sistema eléctrico
Antes de trabajar en el sistema eléctrico, desconecte los
cables de la batería.
— Retire primero los cables negativos (-) de la batería.
— Al reconectar la batería, conecte los cables negativos
(-) de la batería al final.
El líquido del interior de las baterías contiene ácido,
que es un VENENO y puede causar QUEMADURAS
QUÍMICAS GRAVES.
Evite lesiones
— Use una protección facial para evitar el contacto con
los ojos.
— Use guantes y ropa resistentes a los productos
químicos para mantener al electrolito alejado de la piel
y la ropa común.
Use guantes de caucho y ropa de protección para
mantener el electrolito lejos de la piel. Si el electrolito
entra en contacto con la piel o la ropa, lave de inmediato
con agua limpia.
Si se ingiere, busque atención médica de inmediato.
NUNCA proporcione líquidos que induzcan el vómito.
Use protección
facial
Use indumentaria
de protección
¡ADVERTENCIA! El contacto con el electrolito daña
los ojos y la piel. Siempre use una protección facial
para evitar que el electrolito penetre en los ojos. Si el
electrolito entra en contacto con los ojos, enjuague de
inmediato con agua limpia y busque atención médica.
23
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Evite explosiones
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones graves por
explosiones. Las baterías de plomo-ácido producen
gases sumamente explosivos, especialmente durante la
carga. Mantenga alejados los arcos, las chispas, las
llamas y el tabaco encendido.
— No fume cerca de las baterías.
— Mantenga los arcos, las chispas y llamas abiertas
alejadas de las baterías.
— Proporcione ventilación adecuada.
Nunca revise la batería colocando un objeto metálico
entre los bornes: la chispa resultante podría causar una
explosión.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones graves por
explosiones de baterías. No cargue baterías ni arranque
con refuerzo el motor si la batería está congelada.
Caliente a 60 °F (15,5 °C) o la batería puede explotar y
causar lesiones graves.
Reglas de seguridad durante el arranque con refuerzo de
batería:
— Siga las instrucciones para el “arranque con refuerzo
de batería” correcto como se especifica en el manual
del fabricante.
— Asegúrese de que las máquinas no se estén tocando.
— Observe la polaridad de las baterías y conexiones.
— Realice la conexión final de cable al motor o al punto
de tierra más alejado de la batería. Nunca realice la
conexión final en el arrancador o la batería muerta: las
chispas pueden encender gases explosivos presentes
en la batería.
— Cuando desconecta cables después de un arranque
con puente, retire los cables en el orden inverso al de la
conexión (es decir, la conexión final primero).
Evite las chispas
y las llamas abiertas
cerca de las
baterías
Para el arranque
con refuerzo, observe
la polaridad y realice
la conexión final en
el punto de descarga
a tierra
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de neumáticos y ruedas
Revise los neumáticos y las ruedas a diario porque la
estabilidad del tractor y la cortadora de césped puede
verse significativamente afectada por la presión de los
neumáticos o daños en los neumáticos o en las ruedas.
Revise los neumáticos para verificar:
— La presión correcta.
— Cortes y protuberancias.
— Clavos u otras pinchaduras.
— Desgaste desparejo o excesivo.
— Estado de los vástagos y tapas de las válvulas.
Revise las ruedas para verificar:
— Daños en las llantas.
— Tuercas o pernos faltantes o flojos.
— Desalineación.
Todos los servicios de neumáticos deben ser realizados
por un centro de servicios para neumáticos cualificado
o por una persona de servicio autorizada debidamente
capacitada en los procedimientos y el uso del equipo de
seguridad destinado a los servicios de neumáticos.
24
Revise los
neumáticos y las
ruedas en busca
de daños
Mantenga la
presión correcta en
los neumáticos
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de neumáticos y ruedas
(continuación)
¡ADVERTENCIA! Los tipos de ruedas y neumáticos
que generalmente se encuentran en estos equipos
requieren cuidados especiales al realizar servicios
para evitar lesiones graves o la muerte.
No infle los neumáticos por encima de la presión
recomendada. Asegúrese de volver a colocar el lastre
de los neumáticos si está instalado. Consulte las
especificaciones del fabricante para ver los requisitos
de lastre.
Mantenga las tuercas de las ruedas apretadas según las
recomendaciones del fabricante.
Es normal que la presión de los neumáticos aumente
durante el funcionamiento; NO se debe reducir.
Nunca vuelva a inflar un neumático que se ha desinflado
mucho o por completo sin retirar el neumático de la
rueda. Haga inspeccionar atentamente el neumático y la
rueda para detectar daños antes de volverlos a armar.
Al agregar aire a un neumático, hágalo desde cierta
distancia. Use una manguera larga con mandril de
autofijación. Siempre párese detrás de la trocha cuando
ajusta la presión de un neumático.
Evite la explosión
de los neumáticos
No infle neumáticos con gases inflamables o con sistemas
que usan un inyector de alcohol.
Nunca corte o suelde una rueda con un neumático inflado
instalado en ella. Esto podría causar descompresión
explosiva.
Verifique que el tamaño del neumático y la rueda
coincidan correctamente.
Cuando reemplaza neumáticos, asegúrese de que sean de
la clasificación adecuada especificada por el fabricante.
Los neumáticos no deben funcionar a velocidades más
altas que las nominales. La mayoría de los neumáticos
para agricultura están clasificados para una velocidad
máxima de 20 mph (32 km/h).
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Servicio y reparaciones completas antes de
liberar la máquina
Apriete todos los pernos, accesorios y conexiones con las
torsiones especificadas por el fabricante.
Verifique el trabajo
de servicio cuando
está completo
Instale todas las guardas, cubiertas y escudos después
de realizar los servicios. Reemplace o repare los que
estén dañados. Llene y recargue los sistemas a presión
sólo con los fluidos aprobados o recomendados por el
fabricante.
Arranque el motor y revise para detectar fugas. (Consulte
la página 23, Riesgos del sistema hidráulico.) Haga
funcionar todos los controles para asegurarse de que el
tractor y la cortadora de césped funcionan correctamente.
Pruebe la máquina si es necesario. Después de las
pruebas, apague y verifique el trabajo realizado. ¿Falta
algún pasador, arandela, tuerca de seguridad, etc.?
Vuelva a revisar todos los niveles de fluidos antes de
liberar la máquina para el funcionamiento.
Todas las piezas deben ser inspeccionadas durante la
reparación y deben reemplazarse si están gastadas,
rajadas o dañadas. Las piezas excesivamente gastadas o
dañadas pueden fallar y causar lesiones o la muerte.
Mantenimiento de las hojas de la cortadora
No corra riesgos usando hojas dañadas o dobladas. Los
fabricantes de cortadoras de césped de la Asociación
de Fabricantes de Equipos (Association of Equipment
Manufacturers, AEM) y la Asociación de Fabricantes de
Equipos para Agricultura (Farm Equipment Manufacturers
Association, FEMA) piden que las hojas de cortadoras
NO se reutilicen, enderecen, refuercen en su superficie o
suelden. Si una hoja rota es arrojada por una cortadora,
podrían producirse lesiones graves o la muerte.
Reemplace cualquier letrero dañado o ilegible.
25
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de las hojas de la cortadora
(continuación)
— ¿Cómo están hechas las hojas de la cortadora
de césped? Están hechas acero para resortes de
aleación de alta resistencia. Se forjan en caliente y se
les da forma para cumplir con las especificaciones
individuales del fabricante; luego, se tratan y templan
a un estado dúctil, de alta resistencia para reducir la
posibilidad de rupturas durante el corte. Las hojas se
prueban para garantizar que cumplan con las normas
de resistencia, dureza y ductilidad. Si una hoja no
cumple con alguna de estas especificaciones, no se
utilizará en la cortadora de césped.
— ¿Qué sucede cuando se dobla una hoja de la
cortadora? Se necesita una gran fuerza de impacto
para doblar la hoja. Esta fuerza de impacto a menudo
resulta en que las hojas se agujerean o marcan. Una
vez que una hoja está dañada por un agujero o una
marca, es mucho más probable que ocurra una falla
de la hoja. Cuando una hoja está gravemente doblada,
puede crearse una rajadura microscópica en ella.
Enderezar la hoja no quita o repara esta rajadura, sino
que puede causar rajaduras adicionales.Tensiones
adicionales durante los trabajos de corte pueden
resultar en una falla imprevista de la hoja.
— Evite doblar las hojas. Contribuya a prevenir que las
hojas de la cortadora se doblen o rajen evitando el
contacto con objetos sólidos. Las hojas de la cortadora
de césped están destinadas a cortar hierba, arbustos,
vegetación leñosa y árboles y ramas pequeños. No
están diseñadas para entrar en contacto con objetos
sólidos como roca, cemento o postes de acero.
Inspeccione la zona antes de usar la cortadora. Retire
o marque claramente los objetos sólidos y corte
alrededor de ellos.
— Sustituya las hojas dañadas! Inspeccione las hojas
de la cortadora diariamente o después de golpear
algún objeto sólido. Si una hoja de la cortadora de
césped se daña (está doblada, agujereada, rajada) o
desgasta más del 25 por ciento del tamaño original,
debe retirarse y sustituirse con una nueva. Siempre use
las hojas originales del fabricante. Las hojas de marcas
no originales pueden no cumplir con los requisitos de
resistencia, dureza y ductilidad del fabricante de la
cortadora.
— No corra riesgos usando hojas dañadas o dobladas.
El uso de una hoja de cortadora dañada o enderezada
puede resultar en la ruptura de la hoja y que la hoja
sea arrojada hacia el operador o una persona ajena
causando una lesión grave o la muerte. El precio
de una nueva hoja es bajo en comparación con la
posibilidad de una lesión grave que podría resultar de
una hoja doblada o rota arrojada por la cortadora
Palabras finales para el usuario
Acaba de terminar de leer el Manual de la cortadora de
césped industrial y para agricultura AEM. Es imposible
que este manual abarque todas las situaciones
de seguridad que se podría encontrar a diario. Su
conocimiento de estas precauciones de seguridad y
de su cumplimiento de las reglas básicas de seguridad
contribuirán a formar un buen juicio en todas las
situaciones. Nuestro objetivo es ayudarlo a desarrollar,
establecer y mantener buenos hábitos de seguridad para
que la operación de una cortadora de césped industrial y
para agricultura le resulte más fácil y más segura.
Éste es otro manual de una serie publicada por AEM sobre la operación de maquinaria en condiciones de seguridad.
Muchas de las ilustraciones de este manual de seguridad se pueden encontrar y descargar en http://pictorials.aem.org.
Para obtener publicaciones adicionales, visite nuestro sitio web en www.safetymaterials.org.
ASOCIACIÓN DE FABRICANTES
DE EQUIPOS
Correo electrónico: safetymaterials@aem.org
www.aem.org
26
INTRODUCTION SECTION
Introduction Section 2-1
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
We are pleased to have as a Rhino customer. Your Rotary Cutter has been carefully designed with care and
built with quality materials by skilled workers to give maximum service with minimum down time. This manual is
provided to give you the necessary operating and maintenance instructions for keeping your rotary cutter in top
operation condition. Careful use and timely service saves extensive repairs and costly downtime losses.
Please read this manual thoroughly. Understand what each control is for and how to use it.
Rhino typically offers three types of shielding to protect the operator, passerby, livestock, and property from
thrown objects...deflectors, single chainguards, and double chainguards. Shielding should be selected based
on the intended use of the mower. Double chainguards or deflectors should be used for highway, right-of-way,
parks or greenbelt mowing or all other mowing where human dwellings, vehicles, or livestock could be within
300 feet of the mower. Chainguards are more durable, provide a longer service life and require less
maintenance and replacement than deflectors. Single chainguards may be sufficient for agriculture and other
mower use only where passersby or property are not within 300 feet of the mower during operation.
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. The possibility of injury and property damage from
this hazard can be substantially reduce by selecting proper shielding, maintaining the mower and shielding in
good operational condition, inspecting the area for foreign debris before mowing, operating the mower at a
minimum cutting height of 4”, and keep unprotected persons at a minimum distance of 300 feet from the mower
at all times during operation.
Safety is of primary importance to the owner/operator and to the manufacturer. The first section of this manual
includes a list of Safety Messages, that, if followed, will help protect the operator and bystanders from injury or
death. Many of the Safety Messages will be repeated throughout the manual. The owner/operator/dealer
should know these Safety Messages before assembly and be aware of the hazards of operating this mower
during assembly, use, and maintenance. The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen
below, is intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury faced
when operating this machine.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR
VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR
INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result in
damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments or the environment.
172 08/12
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 2-2
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
The Rhino 172 Rotary Mower is designed for medium duty applications such as weed,
grass, corn stalks and light brush to 1-1/2” diameter. These mowers are single spindle
with two free-swinging blades. Free swinging blades reduce the shock of impact when a
stationary object is hit. Additional protection is provided by a slip clutch on the gearbox
input shaft. A round blade holder allows the mower to “ride over” stumps and similar
immovable objects. These Mowers are attached to the tractor using 3-Point Cat II or III
standard or quick hitches or pull hitches. Standard equipment includes driveline shields,
clutch shields and front and rear discharge shields.
Equipment Specifications
Cutting Width
72”
Blade Tip Speed
Transport Width
78”
Center
Overall Width
78”
Overall Length
119”
14930 FPM
Gearbox Rating
Cutting Height (Min)
1”
540 RPM
65 HP
HP Required
35 HP
Limited Warranty
5 Year
Cutting Capacity
1-1/2”
Weight
785 lbs.
172 08/12
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Driveline Size
CAT 3
Limited Warranty
1 Year
Introduction Section 2-3
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
KEY OPERATION POINTS
•
Cutting performance and distribution are best when cutter is level from side to side and front to rear.
•
In extra heavy material, rear chains will allow better discharge and better distribution than solid rear bands.
•
Never operate the Mower below full PTO speed of 540 or 1000 rpm.
•
Corn should be cut at 5 to 6 mph. If full PTO rpm cannot be maintained, use one lower gear.
Operating Noise Level/Sound Pressure
The sound levels at the operator's ear from the attached machine (rotary cutter) are at least 10 dB(A) below the
levels from typical Agricultural tractors used to power and transport this machine. Therefore, the Noise
emission values given by the OEM of the Agricultural tractor used to power and transport this machine would
be valid when this machine is attached to and operated by that Agricultural tractor in all OEM recommended
applications.
Warranty information
In addition to the standard Limited Warranty shown on the facing page, Rhino also provides:
1. A FIVE-YEAR (60 months) LIMITED WARRANTY* on GEARBOX components provided they have been
properly maintained and have not been subjected to abuse or misuse except as limited below.
* WARRANTY LIMITATIONS - GEARBOX
A. Warranty is ONE-YEAR (12 MONTHS) for Seals (After one year, seals are considered to be WEARING
PARTS and replacement is the user’s responsibility.)
B. User’s Gearboxes may be rebuilt by Rhino or replaced by new or rebuilt Gearboxes at the option of Rhino.
2. ONE-YEAR (12 months) LIMITED WARRANTY** on the DRIVELINE components provided they have been
properly maintained and have not been subjected to abuse or mis-use.
* *WARRANTY LIMITATIONS - DRIVELINE
A. Warranty is ONE-YEAR (12 MONTHS) for DRIVELINE SHIELDS except that evidence of wear from contact
with other parts on the shield voids this warranty.
B. Shield Bearings are wearing parts and are not warrantable.
C. Slip-Clutch Disks are wearing parts and are not warrantable. Evidence of “burning up” Slip Clutch Plates
due to improper adjustment will void warranty on Slip Clutch Parts.
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Introduction Section 2-4
INTRODUCTION
RHINO LIMITED WARRANTY
(a)Repair or replace the defective goods or part(s) or
(b)Reimburse Purchaser for the cost of the part(s) and reasonable labor charges (as determined by Manufacturer) if
Purchaser paid for the repair and/or replacement prior to the final determination of applicability of the warranty by
Manufacturer.
The choice of remedy shall belong to Manufacturer.
2.05. Purchaser is responsible for any labor charges exceeding a reasonable amount as determined by Manufacturer and for returning the
goods to the Dealer, whether or not the claim is approved. Purchaser is responsible for the transportation cost for the goods or part(s)
from the Dealer to the designated factory.
3. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.
3.01. MANUFACTURER DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS (EXCEPT AS SET FORTH HEREIN) AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES WITH
RESPECT TO THE GOODS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.
3.02. MANUFACTURER MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE DESIGN, CAPABILITY, CAPACITY, OR SUITABILITY FOR USE OF THE
GOODS.
3.03. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, MANUFACTURER SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY OR RESPONSIBILITY TO PURCHASER OR
ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY WITH RESPECT TO ANY LIABILITY, LOSS, OR DAMAGE CAUSED OR ALLEGED TO BE
CAUSED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY BY THE GOODS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE USE OR OPERATION OF THE GOODS OR ANY
BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. NOT WITHSTANDING THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS AND WARRANTIES, MANUFACTURER’S
LIABILITY HEREUNDER FOR DAMAGES INCURRED BY PURCHASER OR OTHERS SHALL NOT EXCEED THE PRICE OF THE
GOODS.
3.04. NO ACTION ARISING OUT OF ANY CLAIMED BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY OR TRANSACTIONS UNDER THIS WARRANTY
MAY BE BROUGHT MORE THAN TWO (2) YEARS AFTER THE CAUSE OF ACTION HAS OCCURRED.
4. MISCELLANEOUS.
4.01. Proper Venue for any lawsuits arising from or related to this limited warranty shall be only in Guadalupe County, Texas.
4.02. Manufacturer may waive compliance with any of the terms of this limited warranty, but no waiver of any terms shall be deemed to be a
waiver of any other term.
4.03. If any provision of this limited warranty shall violate any applicable law and is held to be unenforceable, then the invalidity of such
provision shall not invalidate any other provisions herein.
4.04. Applicable law may provide rights and benefits to purchaser in addition to those provided herein.
KEEP FOR YOUR RECORDS
ATTENTION: Purchaser should fill in the blanks below for his reference when buying repair parts and/or for proper machine identification
when applying for warranty.
Rhino Implement Model________________________________ Serial Number________________________
Date Purchased______________________________________ Dealer_______________________________
ATTENTION:
READ YOUR OPERATOR'S MANUAL
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
RHINO®
1020 S Sangamon Ave.
Gibson City, IL 60936
800-446-5158
Email: parts@servis-rhino.com
Introduction Section 2-5
INTRODUCTION
1. LIMITED WARRANTIES
1.01. Rhino warrants for one year from the purchase date to the original non-commercial, governmental, or municipal purchaser
(“Purchaser”) and warrants for six months to the original commercial or industrial purchaser (“Purchaser”) that the goods purchased
are free from defects in material or workmanship.
1.02. Manufacturer will replace for the Purchaser any part or parts found, upon examination at one of its factories, to be defective under
normal use and service due to defects in material or workmanship.
1.03. This limited warranty does not apply to any part of the goods which has been subjected to improper or abnormal use, negligence,
alteration, modification, or accident, damaged due to lack of maintenance or use of wrong fuel, oil, or lubricants, or which has served
its normal life. This limited warranty does not apply to any part of any internal combustion engine, or expendable items such as
blades, shields, guards, or pneumatic tires except as specifically found in your Operator’s Manual.
1.04. Except as provided herein, no employee, agent, Dealer, or other person is authorized to give any warranties of any nature on behalf of
Manufacturer.
2. REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES.
2.01. This limited warranty is not effective unless the Purchaser returns the Registration and Warranty Form to Manufacturer within 30 days
of purchase.
2.02. Purchaser claims must be made in writing to the Authorized Dealer (“Dealer”) from whom Purchaser purchased the goods or an
approved Authorized Dealer (“Dealer”) within 30 days after Purchaser learns of the facts on which the claim is based.
2.03. Purchaser is responsible for returning the goods in question to the Dealer.
2.04. If after examining the goods and/or parts in question, Manufacturer finds them to be defective under normal use and service due to
defects in material or workmanship, Manufacturer will:
ASSEMBLY SECTION
Assembly Section 3-1
ASSEMBLY
DEALER SETUP INSTRUCTIONS
The mower as received from the factory is partially assembled and requires minimum time to complete
assembly and is ready for sale.
The mower is shipped vertically with shipping brackets. These shipping brackets are intended for use in
transporting the mower from the factory to dealer.
ASSEMBLY
DO NOT use these brackets to store the unit. DO NOT store mower vertically, the mower can fall over resulting
in serious injury or death. To avoid injury, always store mower lying down on flat ground.
Assembly will be easier if components are aligned and loosely assembled before tightening hardware. Refer to
bolt torque chart in Maintenance Section. All bolts are grade 5 unless otherwise specified.
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Assembly Section 3-2
ASSEMBLY
SHIELD ASSEMBLY
Before installing gearbox shields, check lubricant level in gearbox. Refer to Maintenance Section - Gearbox.
Install the shield bracket assembly to the gearbox using 4 bolts and washers. Secured hinged shield to top of
bracket with washer and nut.
Closed Hinged Shield (Old)
ASSEMBLY
Opened Hinged Shield (Old)
Cone Shaped Shield (New)
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Assembly Section 3-3
ASSEMBLY
A-FRAME INSTALLATION (Standard Hitch)
ASSEMBLY
1. Attach the A-Frame Bars (5) to the right and left Hitch Lugs (1 & 2) with two 5/8” x 2” bolts (20), 5/8”
locknuts (21).
2. Attach the Lift Strap Bars (6) to the Mainframe with two 1/2”-13 x 1-1/2” bolts (16), and locknuts (13).
3. Attach the Lift Strap Bars (6) to the A-Frame Bars (5) with one Bolt (18), Top Link (4), Bushing, (27), and
Nut (19).
4. Tighten all bolts to the proper torque.
TAIL WHEEL INSTALLATION (Standard or Quick Hitch)
1. Align Tail Wheel Beam Weldment (5) between
pivot brackets located behind gearbox mount
on the Mainframe Weldment. NOTE: Long side
of caster fork pivot tube is positioned up. Attach
the Tail Wheel Beam Weldment (5) to the
Mainframe Weldment with one 5/8” x 3-1/2” Bolt
(23), and 5/8” nut (21). Slide Tail Wheel Beam
Weldment (5) into Gauge Wheel Mount
Weldment (1) and retain with two 1/2” x 3-1/4”
bolts (22), and locknuts (13).
2. Insert the Caster Fork Weldment (2) into the
Tail Wheel Beam (5) and retain with Flatwasher
(6) and Cotter Pin (7).
3. Tighten all bolts to the proper torque.
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Assembly Section 3-4
ASSEMBLY
A-FRAME INSTALLATION (Quick Hitch)
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Assembly Section 3-5
ASSEMBLY
1. Attach the A-Frame Bars (10) to the right and left Hitch Lugs (1 & 2) with two 5/8” x 2” bolts (30), 5/8”
washers (23), bushing (6) and 5/8” locknuts (24).
2. Attach the Lift Strap Bars (9) to the Mainframe with two 1/2”-13 x 1-1/4” bolts (32), 1/2” flatwasher (19),
bushing (5) and 1/2”-13NC locknut (18).
3. Attach flex links (7) to A-Frame bars (10) with 5/8” x 2” carriage bolts (30), bushings (2), flatwashers (23)
and Nut (24).
4. Insert quick hitch bushing between A-Frame and insert 5/8” x 4-1/2” bolt and locknut.
5. Insert 5/8” x 2-3/4 bolt (31) through flex links (7), rear braces (9) and bushing (3) inserted in rear braces.
6. Insert 5/8” x 2-3/4 bolt (31) through rear holes in flex link (7) with bushing (3) between and above rear
braces.,.
ASSEMBLY
SHEAR BOLT or SLIP CLUTCH DRIVELINE INSTALLATION
Attach rear driveline of U-Joint to input shaft on gearbox, install snap ring in groove on input shaft.
ASSEMBLY
NOTE: Check that Snap Ring is properly seated in groove. This snap ring retains driveline when shear bolt
shears. Install Grad 2 (Only) shear bolt 1/2” x 3-1/2”. Use of a stronger shear bolt other than Grade 2, will result
in driveline failure and will void warranty. Figure Asmp-R-0043
Attach slip clutch driveline to input shaft on gearbox with Grade 8 Bolt Figure Asm-R-0073 & AsmP-R-0487.
Refer to proper Torque Chart in Maintenance Section of this manual.
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Assembly Section 3-6
ASSEMBLY
Front and Rear Deflectors (Standard Equipment)
Front and Rear rubber-fabric Deflectors are Standard Equipment and Front and Rear Chain
Guards are optional . One type of guard must be installed (and maintained in good repair)
except for agricultural purposes only in areas where persons, vehicles, livestock, or other
property will not be endangered by thrown objects and where such safety equipment would
prevent the mower's reasonable performance of its assigned agricultural task.
Assy01Shielding
Front Rubber Fabric Deflectors
Attach the Front Deflector to the Mower with 1/2” x
1-1/2” Bolts, Flatwashers, and Locknuts.
Rear Deflector
Attach Deflectors to deck using 1/2” x 1-1/4” Bolts
and Locknuts (6).
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Assembly Section 3-7
ASSEMBLY
Deflectors: Front and Rear Deflectors (Standard Equipment) are recommended for the average user and will
provide protection from thrown objects with proper operation under normal conditions. Deflectors must be
maintained in good repair or replaced after no more than two inches of wear off lower edge.
ASSEMBLY
CHAIN GUARDS (Optional Equipment)
CHAIN GUARDS: Front and Rear Chain Guards (Optional Equipment) are recommended for higher than
normal usage (100 hours or more per year) and will provide protection from thrown objects with careful
operation. Chain Guards must be maintained in good repair by replacing missing or worn sections or by being
replaced when seriously worn or damaged.
ASSEMBLY
Front Chain Guards
1. Attach Chainguard Plate (1) to deck using 5/8”
x 1 3/4” Bolts (4), Washers (5), and Locknut
(6).
Rear Chain Guard
1. Attach both Chainguards to deck using 1/2” x
1-1/4” Bolts and Locknuts. In center of deck
use 1/2” x 4" Bolt (7) and Locknut (5) to tie
both Deflectors (1 & 2) together.
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Assembly Section 3-8
ASSEMBLY
CHECK CHAINS (Extra Equipment)
Check chains are available for attachment to front of cutter as an accessory. Check chains are used to control
cut height and especially allows cutter to always be lowered to the same preset cut height.
Drill a 11/16” hole through each lifting lug 2-1/2” below the lift pins and 5/8” from the front of the lug.
Install lower end of check chain (3) to hitch ears, through lower holes using capscrews and locknuts (5).
Tighten securely.
Install chain lugs (2) on either side of tractor top link mounting (4) using bolt or pin of required diameter and
length. Cat. I kit requires a 3/4” diameter bolt.
NOTE: For additional safety in transport, raise mower as high as possible without allowing the driveline to
contact the deck, and shorten the chains as much as possible to prevent inadvertent falling in transport.
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Assembly Section 3-9
ASSEMBLY
Cutting height is then set by placing proper chain link in keyhole slot. Cutting height is easily adjusted by
hooking chain higher or lower in the keyhole brackets (1).
ASSEMBLY
OFFSET ADAPTER HITCH (EXTRA EQUIPMENT)
Fasten the Offset Adapter Tube to the three-Point Lift Lugs using the hitch Pin Holes. Fasten the Adjustable
Leg to the right Lug to offset the Mower to the right. Fasten the Adjustable Leg to the left Lug to offset the
Mower to the Left. The Mower will cut cleaner behind the wheel tracks if it is offset to the left.
Install the Adapter Brace Bar to one gearbox mounting bolt. Fasten the Chain End to the Mainframe (hole in
left Stiffener). Adjust the Brace Bar so the Adapter is in a near perpendicular position.
ASSEMBLY
Attach the Mower to the tractor. Attach Stabilizer Bars to prevent side sway of Mower.
Stabilizer Bars or Sway Chains must be installed and adjusted tightly. Without these bars or
chains, serious damage to the Driveline can occur, and broken parts could cause bodily
injury to the operator or bystanders. Stabilizer Bars or Sway Chains are available at most
tractor dealerships.
Raise the mower to check clearance between the Driveline and Mower Deck. Set the lift stop on the tractor to
ascertain that the Driveline does not strike the deck.
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Assembly Section 3-10
OPERATION SECTION
Operation Section 4-1
OPERATION
RHINO 172 ROTARY MOWER
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATION
Rhino 172 rotary mowers are manufactured with quality material by skilled workers. These mowers are
designed to cut grass, weeds, small brush and other vegetative material up to 1-1/2” diameter in areas such as
pastures, industrial areas, and roadsides. The mower is equipped with protective deflectors and/or chain
guards to prevent objects being thrown from the mower by the blades, however, no shielding is 100% effective.
All shields, guards, deflectors, and chains equipped on the unit must be maintained on the mower in good
operational condition.
It is the operator’s responsibility to be knowledgeable of all potential operating hazards and to take every reasonable precaution to ensure oneself, others, animals, and property are not injured or damaged by the mower, tractor, or a thrown
object. Do not operate the mower if passersby, pets, livestock, or property are within 300 feet of the unit unless:
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards,
Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
• Mower sections or wing are adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
• MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
• PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
This section of the Operator’s Manual is designed to familiarize, instruct, and educate safe and proper mower
use to the operator. Pictures contained in this section are intended to be used as a visual aid to assist in
explaining the operation of a rotary mower. Some pictures may show shields removed for purposes of clarity.
NEVER OPERATE this implement without all shields in place and in good operational condition. The operator
must be familiar with the mower and tractor operation and all associated safety practices before operating the
mower and tractor. Proper operation of the mower, as detailed in this manual, will help ensure years of safe
and satisfactory use of the mower.
To avoid mower damage, retorque all bolts after the first 10 hours of operation. Retighten
blade carrier retaining nut on gearbox lower shaft to 450 ft. lbs.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE ENTIRE OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY SECTION OF THIS
MANUAL AND THE TRACTOR MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO USE THE TRACTOR AND
IMPLEMENT. If you do not understand any of the instructions, contact your nearest authorized dealer for a
full explanation. Pay close attention to all safety signs and safety messages contained in this manual and
those affixed to the implement and tractor. OPS-U- 0001
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages. Serious injury or
death may occur unless care is taken to follow the warnings and instructions stated in the
Safety Messages. Always use good common sense to avoid hazards. (SG-2)
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Operation Section 4-2
OPERATION
1. OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS
Safe operation of the unit is the responsibility of a qualified operator. A qualified operator has read and
understands the implement and tractor Operator’s Manuals and is experienced in implement and tractor
operation and all associated safety practices. In addition to the safety messages contained in this manual,
safety signs are affixed to the implement and tractor. If any part of the operation and safe use of this
equipment is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for a complete explanation.
Safe operation of equipment requires that the operator wear approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
for the job conditions when attaching, operating, servicing, and repairing the equipment. PPE is designed to
provide operator protection and includes the following safety wear:
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Always Wear Safety Glasses
Hard Hat
Steel Toe Safety Footwear
Gloves
Hearing Protection
Close Fitting Clothing
Respirator or Filter Mask (depends
operating conditions) OPS-U- 0002
on
DO NOT use drugs or alcohol immediately before or while operating the
Tractor and Implement. Drugs and alcohol will affect an operator’s
alertness and coordination and therefore affect the operator’s ability to
operate the equipment safely. Before operating the Tractor or Implement,
an operator on prescription or over-the-counter medication must consult
a medical professional regarding any side effects of the medication that
would hinder their ability to operate the Equipment safely. NEVER
knowingly allow anyone to operate this equipment when their alertness or
coordination is impaired. Serious injury or death to the operator or others
could result if the operator is under the influence of drugs or alcohol. (SG-27)
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Operation Section 4-3
OPERATION
If the operator cannot read the manuals for themselves or does not completely understand the operation of the
equipment, it is the responsibility of the supervisor to read and explain the manuals, safety practices, and
operating instructions to the operator.
OPERATION
2. TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS
The tractor used to operate the mower must have the power capacity to lift, pull, and operate the Power Take
Off (PTO) at the mower’s rated speed while traveling at a ground speed between 2 and 5 MPH. Operating the
mower with a tractor that does not meet the following requirements may cause tractor or mower damage and
be a potential danger to the operator and passersby.
OPERATION
Tractor Requirements and Capabilities
•
•
•
•
•
•
ASABE approved Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) or ROPS cab and seat belt.
Tractor Safety Devices ..................... Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem, lighting, PTO master shield
Tractor Horsepower:
-Minimum .................. 35 HP
-Maximum .................. 75 HP
Hitch -Lift Type Mower:
- Lifting Capacity ........ 785 lbs.
- 3-Point Hitch ............ CAT I
Front End Weight ............................. As needed to maintain 20% weight on front axle
Power Take Off................................. 540 RPM 6-spline, 1-3/6” diameter output shaft
2.1 ROPS and Seat Belt
The tractor must be equipped with a Roll-Over-Protective-Structure (ROPS) (tractor cab or roll-bar) and seat
belt to protect the operator from falling off the tractor, especially during a roll over where the driver could be
crushed and killed. Only operate the tractor with the ROPS in the raised position and seat belt fastened.
Tractor models not equipped with a ROPS and seat belt should have these life saving features installed by an
authorized dealer. OPS-U- 0003
Operate this Equipment only with a Tractor equipped with an approved rollover-protective system (ROPS). Always wear seat belts. Serious injury or
even death could result from falling off the tractor--particularly during a turnover
when the operator could be pinned under the ROPS. (SG-7)
2.2 Tractor Safety Devices
If transporting or operating the tractor and implement near a public roadway, the tractor must be equipped with
proper warning lighting and a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem which are clearly visible from the rear of
the unit. Lights and a SMV emblem must be equipped directly on implements if the visibility of the tractor
warning signals are obscured.
Maintain all manufacturer equipped safety shields and guards. Always replace shields and guards that were
removed for access to connect, service, or repair the tractor or implement. Never operate the tractor PTO
with the PTO master shield missing or in the raised position. OPS-U- 0004
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Operation Section 4-4
OPERATION
2.3 Tractor Horsepower
The power required to operate a mower is determined by the tractor PTO horsepower. For most mowing
conditions, the 172 mower requires a tractor with at least 35 HP. Operating the mower with a tractor that does
not have adequate power may damage the tractor engine. Exceeding 75 HP may cause mower damage by
overpowering the unit in heavy cutting conditions.
2.4 3-Point Hitch
The tractor 3-point hitch must be rated to lift at least
785 lbs.
OPERATION
The 172 mower is designed to be mounted on a
tractor with a CAT I 3-point hitch or CAT I Quick
Hitch. Refer to the tractor operator’s manual for the
category of the tractor being used. If the hitch does
not conform to ASABE CAT I dimensions, the
mower may not fit or raise properly. Consult an
authorized dealer for possible modification
procedures to mount non-conforming hitches.
Depending on the hitch category, certain size pins
are used to attach the mower to the tractor. CAT I
hitches require 7/8” lower and 3/4” upper diameter
hitch pins. Quick Hitch requires 1-7/16” diameter
lower pin and 1-1/4” diameter upper pin.
Standard Hitch
Our 3-Point Quick Hitch is designed to connect to a
Quick-Attach coupler making mounting and
dismounting your mower easier. The 3-Point Quick
Hitch is also designed to connect the mower to a
tractor’s 3-point linkage without the use of a QuickAttach Coupler.
2.5 Front End Weight
A minimum of 20% total tractor weight must be maintained on the tractor front end at all times. Front end
weight is critical to maintain steering control and to prevent the tractor from rearing up while driving. If the
front end is too light, add weight until a minimum of 20% total weight is reached on the front tires. Front
weights and weight carriers can be purchased through an authorized tractor dealership. OPS-U- 0005
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Operation Section 4-5
OPERATION
2.6 Power Take Off (PTO)
OPERATION
This mower is designed to operate at a PTO speed of 540. Most tractors operate at either 540, or a
combination of 540 and 1000 RPM PTO speeds. The operating speed of the mower and tractor can be
determined by the number of splines on the driveline yoke and PTO output shaft. Those operating at 540
RPM will have a 6-spline shaft and those operating at 1000 RPM will have a 21-spline shaft. Note: The
mower will not operate on tractors equipped with a 1000 RPM 21-spline or 1000 RPM 20-spline, 1-3/4” shaft.
Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for instructions to change PTO speeds on models that operate at more
than one speed.
If operating an older model tractor where the tractor’s transmission and PTO utilize one master clutch, an
over-running clutch must be used between the PTO output shaft and the driveline of the mower. An
authorized tractor dealer can provide the over-running clutch and its installation if needed. OPS-R- 0066
DO NOT use a PTO adapter to attach a non-matching Implement driveline to a Tractor
PTO. Use of an adapter can double the operating speed of the Implement resulting in
excessive vibration, thrown objects, and blade and implement failure. Adapter use will also
change the working length of the driveline exposing unshielded driveline areas. Serious
bodily injury and/or equipment failure can result from using a PTO adapter. Consult an
authorized dealer for assistance if the Implement driveline does not match the Tractor PTO.
(S3PT-14)
Never operate the Tractor and Mower if the Implement input driveline is directly connected
to the Tractor transmission. Tractor braking distances can be substantially increased by
the momentum of the rotating Mower blades driving the Tractor transmission even though
the Tractor clutch has been disengaged. Install an over running clutch between the Tractor
PTO and the Mower driveline to prevent this potentially dangerous situation. (S3PT-16)
Do not connect the PTO driveline to the tractor or operate the implement unless the
implement is securely connected to the tractor.
3. GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR
Before getting onto the tractor, the operator must read and completely understand the implement and tractor
operator manuals. If any part of either manual is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for
a complete explanation. OPS-U- 0007
Do not mount or dismount the Tractor while the tractor is moving. Mount
the Tractor only when the Tractor and all moving parts are completely
stopped. (SG-12)
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Operation Section 4-6
OPERATION
3.1 Boarding the Tractor
Use both hands and equipped handrails and steps for support when boarding the tractor. Never use control
levers for support when mounting the tractor. Seat yourself in the operator’s seat and secure the seat belt
around you.
Never allow passengers to ride on the tractor or attached equipment. Riders can easily fall off and be
seriously injured or killed from falling off and being ran over. It is the operator’s responsibility to forbid all extra
riders at all times. OPS-U- 0008
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
3.2 Dismounting the Tractor
Before dismounting, park the tractor and implement on a reasonably level surface, apply the parking brake,
idle the engine down, disengage the PTO, and lower the implement to the ground. Shut down the tractor
engine according to the operator’s manual, remove the key, and wait for all motion to completely stop. Never
leave the seat until the tractor, its engine and all moving parts have come to a complete stop.
Use hand rails and steps when exiting the tractor. Be careful of your step and use extra caution when mud,
ice, snow or other matter has accumulated on the steps or hand rails. Use all handrails and steps for support
and never rush or jump off the tractor. OPS-U- 0009
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Operation Section 4-7
OPERATION
Never allow children to operate, ride on, or come close to the Tractor or
Implement. Usually, 16-17 year-old children who are mature and
responsible can operate the implement with adult supervision, if they
have read and understand the Operator’s Manuals, been trained in
proper operation of the tractor and Implement, and are physically large
enough to reach and operate the controls easily. (SG-11)
OPERATION
4. STARTING THE TRACTOR
OPERATION
The operator must have a complete understanding of the placement, function, and operational use of all
tractor controls before starting the tractor. Review the tractor operator’s manual and consult an authorized
dealer for tractor operation instructions if needed.
Essential Tractor Controls:
• Locate the light control switch.
• Locate the engine shut off control.
• Locate the brake pedals and the clutch.
• Locate the PTO control.
• Locate the 3-point hitch control lever.
• Locate the hydraulic remote control levers.
Before starting the tractor ensure the following:
• Conduct all pre-start operation inspection and service according to the tractor operator’s manual.
• Make sure all guards, shields, and other safety devices are securely in place.
• The parking brake is on.
• The PTO control lever is disengaged.
• The 3-point hitch control lever is in the lowered position.
• The hydraulic remote control levers are in the neutral position.
• The tractor transmission levers are in park or neutral.
Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for tractor starting procedures. Only start the tractor while seated and
belted in the tractor operator’s seat. Never bypass the ignition switch by short circuiting the starter solenoid.
After the tractor engine is running, avoid accidental contact with the tractor transmission to prevent sudden
and unexpected tractor movement. OPS-U-0028
Never run the Tractor engine in a closed building or without adequate ventilation. The
exhaust fumes can be hazardous to your health. (SG-23)
Start tractor only when properly seated in the Tractor seat. Starting a
tractor in gear can result in injury or death. Read the Tractor operators
manual for proper starting instructions. (SG-13)
5. CONNECTING THE MOWER TO THE TRACTOR
Use extreme caution when connecting the mower to the tractor. The mower should be securely resting at
ground level or setting on blocks. Keep hands and feet from under the mower deck and clear of pinch points
between the tractor hitch arms and mower pins. OPS-R-0001
Always shut the Tractor completely down, place the transmission in park, and set the
parking brake before you or anyone else attempts to connect or disconnect the Implement
and Tractor hitches. (S3PT-15)
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Operation Section 4-8
OPERATION
5.1 Connecting Mower-Lift Type
4. Turn off the tractor engine and dismount.
5. One lift arm at a time, align arm end hole
between the set of A-frame lift lugs. Insert hitch
pin through the lug and arm holes and insert
retaining pin into hitch pin.
6. Walk around to opposite side and repeat
procedure for remaining lift arm and hitch pin.
7. Extend or retract 3-point top link to align its end
hole with the holes of the mower’s top link.
Insert the top link hitch pin and insert retaining
pin into hitch pin.
8. Adjust any lower link check chains, guide
blocks, or sway blocks to prevent the mower
from swaying side to side and possible contact
with tractor rear tires.
Note: Offset Adaptor Hitches are available to position the mower to the left or right. Mowers with Offset
Adaptor hitches connect to the 3-Point hitch the same way as the mower A-frame. See Offset Adaptor Hitch in
the Assembly Section for details to equip the mower with this feature.
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Operation Section 4-9
OPERATION
1. Make sure the tractor is equipped with the
correct PTO shaft. Change shafts if needed.
2. Shorten or remove the tractor drawbar to avoid
interference when raising and lowering the
mower.
3. Board the tractor and start the engine. Position
the tractor to the mower with the 3-point lift
arms positioned at the same height and to the
outside of the mower hitch pins. Note: Set the
3-point lift control to “Position Control” so that
the lift arms maintain a constant height when
attaching the mower. See the tractor Operator’s
Manual for correct settings when attaching 3point equipment.
OPERATION
5.2 3-Point Quick Hitch
OPERATION
Our 3-Point Quick Hitch is designed to connect to a
Quick-Attach Coupler making mounting and
dismounting your mower easier. The 3-Point Quick
Hitch is also designed to connect the cutter to a
tractor’s three-point linkage without the use of a
Quick-Attach Coupler.
5.3 Connecting Mower - Lift Type (Quick Hitch)
Crushing Hazard between Quick-Hitch and Implement. Do not allow anyone to stand
between the Quick-Hitch and implement during hook-up operations. Never operate the
hydraulic 3-point lift controls while someone is directly behind the tractor.
1. Make certain the implement’s upper and lower
hitch pins are secured.
2. Lower the tractor’s 3-point lift until the three
Quick-Hitch hooks are lower than the
implements hitch pins. Carefully back the
tractor to align the Quick-Hitch hooks under the
implement’s hitch pins.
3. Slowly raise the tractor’s 3-point lift until the
lower Quick-hitch hooks lock into place over the
implement’s 3-point hitch pins.
IMPORTANT: Make certain the implement’s top 3point hitch pin is captured by the Quick-Hitch top 3point hook. If not consult your Quick Hitch manual
for required adjustment.
IMPORTANT: The Quick Hitch will more mower
further from tractor which will require checking the
following:
1. Driveline length
2. Tractor stability
NOTE: Offset Adapter Hitches are available to
position the mower to the left or right. Mowers with
Offset Adapter Hitches connect to the 3-point hitch
the same way as the mower A-frame. See Offset
Adapter Hitch in the Assembly Section for details to
equip the mower with this feature.
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Operation Section 4-10
OPERATION
5.4 Safety Tow Chain
If the mower is towed on a public roadway, a safety chain with tensile strength equal to or greater than the
gross weight of the mower must be connected between the tractor and mower. This will help control the
implement in the event the tongue becomes disconnected from the drawbar. Make sure the chain is attached
to a secure location on the tractor and not to an intermediate support.
IMPORTANT: Scan this QR Code with your smart phone to link to the PAMI Safe
Implement Hitching Manual for more information on correctly connecting
agricultural tractors to implements. Or type in your internet browser the following
web address: www.algqr.com/hme Ops-0008-MISC
6. SETTING THE MOWER
Properly setting the cutting height is essential for efficient and safe operation. A properly set mower will make
a more uniform cut, distribute clippings more evenly, require minimal tractor work, and follow the contour of
uneven terrain. NOTE: Avoid very low cutting heights, striking the ground with the blades gives the most
damaging shock loads and will cause damage to the mower and drive. Blades contacting the ground may
cause objects to be thrown out from under the mower deck. Always avoid operating the mower at a height
which causes the blades to contact the ground. OPS-U- 0010
Never work under the Implement, the framework, or any lifted
component unless the Implement is securely supported or blocked up
to prevent sudden or inadvertent falling which could cause serious
injury or even death. (SG-14)
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Operation Section 4-11
OPERATION
After connecting both ends of the safety chain, drive the tractor to the right and left to check for proper chain
length. Adjust length as necessary and allow only enough slack in the chain to make a maximum turn in both
directions. When not in use, store the safety chain to protect it from mud or standing water by wrapping the
chain around the tongue. Replace the safety chain if one or more links or end fittings are broken, stretched or
otherwise damaged or deformed. OPS-U-0039
OPERATION
6.1 Setting Mower Height- Lift Type - (Standard or Quick Hitch)
OPERATION
1. Park the tractor and mower on level ground.
2. Using the 3-point hitch control lever, position
the front of the mower with the side skids 1”
less off the ground than desired cut height. For
example, for a 3” cut, position the skids 2” from
the ground. Set the 3-point control lever stop at
this position to maintain this height when raising
and lowering the mower.
3. Shut down the tractor and remove the key.
4. Adjust the mower deck front to rear by
extending or retracting the 3-point top link.
Always set front of deck 3/4” lower than rear for
best performance.
5. Level the mower side to side by manipulating
one lower lift arm length. On most tractors, at
least one of the lift arms is designed to allow for
manipulation of its length. Shortening or
extending will allow for deck leveling from side
to side.
6. Securely block up the mower at this height.
7. Remove the bolts securing the tailwheel beam
in position and allow the tailwheel to rest at
ground level. Align tailwheel beam between
nearest sets of holes in beam support brackets
and reinstall support bolts on each side of
beam. Tighten all bolts and nuts.
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Operation Section 4-12
OPERATION
8. Extend the tractor’s top 3-point link so that
when lifting the mower, the front of the deck will
raise 2 to 2½" before the tail wheel leaves the
ground. This will allow the mower to follow the
contour of uneven terrain.
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Operation Section 4-13
OPERATION
Note: Install optional check chains when there is a
problem with the hydraulic 3-Point lift maintaining a
set height or when a constant pre-adjusted cut
height is required. See Check Chains in the
Assembly Section for this accessory.
OPERATION
6.2 Setting Deck Pitch
OPERATION
Lower Horse Power - Better Fuel Efficiency
To increase fuel efficiency and lower horsepower
requirements for mower operation, the mower
should be operated with the deck approximately
3/4" LOWER IN THE FRONT THAN THE REAR.
Operating the mower at this pitch will allow the
mower to cut the grass only once and requires less
work from the tractor.
Increase Mulching
To increase mulching of the grass or crop material
during mower operation, the mower should be
operated with the deck approximately 3/4" HIGHER
IN THE FRONT THAN THE REAR.
Operating the mower at this pitch will allow the
mower to cut the grass twice and can result in a
more even cut and improved distribution of the cut
material.
IMPORTANT:
Adjust the leveling rods the same amount and
maintain equal tension in the rods. Improper
adjustment may cause rods to snap or bend.
Retighten the jamnuts after the deck pitch has been
set. OPS-U-0041
7. DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT
The driveline yoke and tractor PTO shaft must be
dirt free and greased for attachment.
To connect the mower driveline to the tractor PTO
output shaft, pull the driveline yoke collar back and
align the grooves and splines of the yoke with those
of the PTO shaft. Push the driveline yoke onto the
PTO shaft, release the locking collar, and position
the yoke until the locking collar balls are seated
onto the PTO shaft. Push and pull the driveline
back and forth several times to ensure a secure
attachment. OPS-R-0003_A
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Operation Section 4-14
OPERATION
When attaching the Implement input driveline to the Tractor PTO, it is important that the
connecting yoke spring activated locking collar slides freely and the locking balls are seated
securely in the groove on the Tractor PTO shaft. Push and pull the driveline back and forth
several times to ensure it is securely attached. A driveline not attached correctly to the
Tractor PTO shaft could come loose and result in personal injury and damage to the
Implement. (S3PT-17)
7.1 Driveline Length Check
When fitting the mower to the tractor, the telescoping driveline must be inspected to ensure that at its most
compressed position, the profiles do not “bottom out”, and when at its farthest extended position, there is
sufficient engagement between the profiles to operate safely. At its shortest length, there must be at least a 1”
clearance between each profile end and opposite profile universal joint. At its farthest operating extension, a
minimum profile engagement of 9” must be maintained.
“Bottoming Out” Check Procedure
•
•
•
•
Disconnect driveline from the tractor and slide
the profiles together until fully compressed.
Place a mark on the inner shield 1/8” from the
end of the outer shield.
Reattach the driveline to the PTO Shaft.
Raise the mower. Drive through a typical ditch
which the unit may encounter and watch marks
on the driveline. If the distance between the
mark and the outer shield becomes less than 2”
at any point there is a potential problem
bottoming out the driveline and the driveline
should be shortened. OPS-R-0004_F
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Operation Section 4-15
OPERATION
Before operating the Implement, check to make sure the Implement input driveline will not
bottom out or become disengaged. Bottoming out occurs when the inner shaft penetrates
the outer housing until the assembly becomes solid-it can shorten no more. Bottoming out
can cause serious damage to the Tractor PTO by pushing the PTO into the Tractor and
through the support bearings or downward onto the PTO shaft, breaking it off. A broken
driveline can cause personal injury. (S3PT-18)
OPERATION
Shorten the driveline profiles as follows:
•
•
OPERATION
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the driveline from the tractor.
Raise and lower the mower to find the position
with the shortest distance between the tractor
PTO shaft and cutter gearbox. Shut down the
tractor and securely block the mower in this
position.
Pull driveline apart and reattach yoke to PTO
shaft.
Hold driveline sections parallel to one another
and measure back 1” from yoke of each shaft
and place mark on opposite section. Cut this
length off with a saw.
Round off all sharp edges and debur.
Thoroughly grease then reinstall the driveline.
Recheck for proper operation.
Engagement Check Procedure
•
•
•
•
•
With the driveline attached, raise and lower the mower within its operating range. Position the mower to
the point where the telescoping driveline is at its maximum extension. Completely shut down the tractor
and secure in position.
Mark the inner driveline shield 1/8” from the end of the outer shield.
Disconnect the driveline from the tractor and separate the two driveline halves.
Measure the distance from the mark to the end of the inner profile. This length is the amount the driveline
profiles were engaged.
If the engaged length is less than 9”, the shaft is considered too short and should be replaced with a longer
shaft. Consult an authorized dealer to purchase the required driveline length.
NOTE: When raising the mower, at least 1” clearance must be maintained between the driveline and the
mower deck. If necessary, place an upper lift stop on the 3-point hitch control lever to limit the height the
mower can be raised. OPS-R-0005_E
8. PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE
Before each use, a pre-operation inspection and service of the implement and tractor must be performed.
This includes routine maintenance and scheduled lubrication, inspecting that all safety devices are equipped
and functional, and performing needed repairs. DO NOT operate the unit if the pre-operation inspection
reveals any condition affecting safe operation. Perform repairs and replacement of damaged and missing
parts as soon as noticed. By performing a thorough pre-operation inspection and service, valuable down time
and repair cost can be avoided. OPS-U-0029
Always disconnect the main PTO Driveline from the Tractor before performing service on
the Implement. Never work on the Implement with the tractor PTO driveline connected and
running. Rotating Parts, Blades or Drivelines could turn without warning and cause
immediate entanglement, injury or death. (S3PT-11)
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Operation Section 4-16
OPERATION
Periodically inspect all moving parts for wear and replace when
necessary with authorized service parts. Look for loose fasteners, worn
or broken parts, and leaky or loose fittings. Make sure all pins have
cotter pins and washers. Serious injury may occur from not maintaining
this machine in good working order. (SG-21)
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual to ensure a
complete pre-operation inspection and scheduled
service
is
performed
according
to
the
manufacturers recommendations. The following
are some of the items that require daily service and
inspection:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tire condition/air pressure
Wheel lug bolts
Steering linkage
PTO shield
SMV sign is clean and visible
Tractor’s lights are clean and functional
Tractor Seat belt is in good condition
Tractor ROPS is in good condition
ROPS is in the raised position
No tractor oil leaks
Radiator free of debris
Engine oil level and condition
Engine coolant level and condition
Power brake fluid level
Power steering fluid level
Fuel condition and level
Sufficient lubrication at all lube points
Air filter condition OPS-U-0030
8.2 Mower Pre-Operation Inspection/Service
Before each mower use, a complete inspection and service is required to ensure the mower is in a good and
safe working condition. Damaged and/or broken parts should be repaired and/or replaced immediately. To
ensure the mower is ready for operation, conduct the following. OPS-R-0007
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Operation Section 4-17
OPERATION
8.1 Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service
OPERATION
The operator’s manual and safety signs affixed on
the unit contain important instructions on the safe
and proper use of the equipment. Maintain these
important safety features on the implement in good
condition to ensure the information is available to
the operator at all times.
•
OPERATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ensure the manual canister is secured to the
equipment with the operator’s manual inside.
Ensure all safety signs are in place and legible.
Replace missing, damaged, and illegible
decals. OPS-U- 0011
Perform scheduled lubrication as detailed in
the maintenance section.
Ensure all decals are in place and legible.
Ensure the driveline is securely attached to
tractor. Make sure the driveline yoke locking
collar is securely seated in the grooves of the
PTO shaft by pushing and pulling the yoke
several times.
Lift Type-Inspect that the 3-point hitch pins are
the proper size, correctly installed, and secured
to the tractor lift arms with retaining pins
inserted.
Pull Type-Inspect that the hitch pin is the
correct size. OPS-R-0008_E
Ensure deflectors and/or chainguards are in
position and not damaged. Replace worn,
broken, and missing pieces. OPS-R-0068
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Operation Section 4-18
OPERATION
All Safety Shields, Guards and Safety devices including (but not
limited to) - the Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox
Shields, PTO integral shields, and Retractable Door Shields should
be used and maintained in good working condition. All safety
devices should be inspected carefully at least daily for missing or
broken components. Missing, broken, or worn items must be
replaced at once to reduce the possibility of injury or death from
thrown objects, entanglement, or blade contact. (SGM-3)
•
•
•
•
Lift Type-Ensure the tailwheel beam position
support bolts are properly installed and
tightened.
Inspect all bolts and screws and tighten to the
recommended torque. OPS-R-0039_E
Ensure the tractor PTO master shield and the
mower slip clutch shield are in place, lowered,
and in good condition.
Ensure the driveline integral shield is in good
condition and rotates freely.
Ensure the driveline slip clutch (if equipped) is
properly adjusted. OPS-R-0039
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Operation Section 4-19
OPERATION
•
OPERATION
•
OPERATION
•
•
•
Inspect the gearbox oil level. A low oil level is a
warning sign that the gearbox may be cracked
or its seal is damaged and needs replacement.
Ensure the gearbox vent is in place and free
from clogs. OPS-R-0040
Inspect blades and blade bolts for looseness
and excessive wear. Make sure the mower is
securely blocked up before crawling beneath.
Replace damaged, worn and missing blades as
complete sets to maintain rotary balance during
operation.
Ensure blade pan nut is tightened with the
cotter pin inserted and spread. OPS-R-0041
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Operation Section 4-20
OPERATION
8.3 Cutting Component Inspection
Inspect blade pan and blade assembly for the following:
OPERATION
OPS-U-0031
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Operation Section 4-21
OPERATION
Operating the mower with loose blade hardware will damage the blade holder or blades and
can result in blade breakage or blade fastener failure. Broken blades or bolts can be thrown
out from under the mower for distances up to 300 feet. When the blades are replaced, the
fastening hardware must be replaced. Check and retighten the blade hardware after the
first eight hours of operation. In severe cutting conditions, recheck the blade carrier and
blade bolt torque every 50 hours.
OPERATION
To help prevent structural damage caused by loose hardware, tighten gearbox mounting
hardware as specified. Check the fastener torque after first 8 hours of use and every 50
hours thereafter.
Inspect the Blades daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE BOTH BLADES on that carrier
IMMEDIATELY if either blade has:
•
•
•
•
•
Become bent or deformed from it’s original shape or
Any cracks are visible, or
Deep gouges in the blade’s surface are present, or
Gouges or chipped areas in the cutting edge are larger than 1/2”(12.7mm), or
The material on the leading edge has been worn away by more than 1/2(12.7mm)”
Failure to replace abnormally worn blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of the
broken part with tremendous force which may cause serious bodily injury or death. OPS-U-0032
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Operation Section 4-22
OPERATION
8.4 Blade Bolt Inspection
Inspect Blade Bolt Head daily for wear as followed:
OPERATION
Inspect the Blade Bolt Heads daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE BOTH BLADE BOLTS on
the Blades IMMEDIATELY if either blade bolts has:
• Visible cracks or
• If the recessed area on blade bolt is worn off or
• If Blade Bolt has gouges or chipped areas.
Failure to replace abnormally worn blade bolts may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of
the broken part which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace Blade Bolts with new bolts whenever replacing the Blades. OPS-U-0037
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Operation Section 4-23
OPERATION
OPERATION
Tractor PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Tractor ID#________________
Make ____________________
Date:
Shift
________________
____________________
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the mower is resting on the ground or securely blocked
up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The flashing lights function properly
The SMV Sign is clean and visible
The tires are in good condition with proper pressure
The wheel lug bolts are tight
The tractor brakes are in good condition
The steering linkage is in good condition
There are no visible oil leaks
The hydraulic controls function properly
The ROPS or ROBS Cab is in good condition
The seatbelt is in place and in good condition
The 3-point hitch is in good condition
The drawbar pins are securely in place
The PTO master shield is in place
The engine oil level is full
The brake fluid level is full
The power steering fluid level is full
The fuel level is adequate
The engine coolant fluid level is full
The radiator is free of debris
The air filter is in good condition
Operator’s Signature:
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or MOWER
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Operation Section 4-24
OPERATION
Rotary Mower PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Mower ID#________________
Date:
________________
IMPORTANT:
Scan
this QR Code for an
electronic copy of this
inspection sheet.
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The Operator’s Manual is in the canister on the mower
All safety decals are in place and legible
The tongue/hitch connection bolts & pins are tight
There are no cracks in tongue or hitch
The tow chain is secured to the tractor & mower
The hydraulic cylinders pins are tight
There are no leaking or damaged hoses
The mower deck is clear of cut grass and debris
Chain guards/deflectors are in place & in good condition
Driveline/gearbox shields are in good condition
Driveline clutches are in good condition; not frozen
Driveline telescoping members & U-joints are lubricated
Driveline yokes are securely attached to PTO & mower
Gearbox mounting bolts are tight
Gearbox oil is at the proper level
Blade carrier retaining nut is tight
Blades are not chipped, cracked or bent
Blade bolts are tight
Wheel lug nuts are tight
Transport locks are in good condition
Make: ________________
Shift: __________________
Operator’s Signature:
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or MOWER
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-25
OPERATION
www.algqr.com/rmi
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the mower is resting on the ground or securely blocked
up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
OPERATION
9. DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Safe tractor transport requires the operator possess a thorough knowledge of the model being operated and
precautions to take while driving with an attached implement. Ensure the tractor has the capacity to handle the
weight of the implement and the tractor operating controls are set for safe transport. To ensure safety while
driving the tractor with an attached implement, review the following. OPS-U- 0012
OPERATION
Never run the Tractor engine in a closed building or without adequate ventilation. The
exhaust fumes can be hazardous to your health. (SG-23)
Transport only at speeds where you can maintain control of the
equipment. Serious accidents and injuries can result from operating this
equipment at high speeds. Understand the Tractor and Implement and
how it handles before transporting on streets and highways. Make sure the Tractor steering
and brakes are in good condition and operate properly.
Before transporting the Tractor and Implement, determine the proper transport speeds for
you and the equipment. Make sure you abide by the following rules:
Test the tractor at a slow speed and increase the speed slowly. Apply the Brakes smoothly
to determine the stopping characteristics of the Tractor and Implement. As you increase
the speed of the Tractor the stopping distance increases.
Determine the maximum
transport speed not to exceed 20 mph (30 kph) for transporting this equipment.
Test the equipment at a slow speed in turns. Increase the speed through the turn only after
you determine that the equipment can be operated at a higher speed. Use extreme care
and reduce your speed when turning sharply to prevent the tractor and implement from
turning over. Determine the maximum turning speed for you and this equipment before
operating on roads or uneven ground.
Only transport the Tractor and Implement at the speeds which allow you to properly control
the equipment.
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes
or worn tires. When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance
increases: use extreme care and reduce your speed. When operating in traffic always use
the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around you
and watch out for the other guy. (SG-19)
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Operation Section 4-26
OPERATION
9.1 Starting the Tractor
The procedure to start the tractor is model specific.
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual for starting
procedures for your particular tractor. Consult an
authorized dealer if the starting procedure is
unclear. Ensure the 3-point control lever is in the
lowered position and the PTO is disengaged before
starting the tractor. OPS-U-0033
Make sure the tractor brakes are in good operating
condition. Tractor brakes can be set to operate
independently allowing single rear wheel braking
action or locked together to provide simultaneous
rear wheel braking. FOR MOST DRIVING AND
OPERATING CONDITIONS, THE BRAKE PEDALS
SHOULD BE LOCKED TOGETHER TO PROVIDE
THE MOST EFFECTIVE BRAKING ACTION.
Always disengage the tractor differential lock when
turning. When engaged the differential lock will
prevent or limit the tractor from turning. During
normal cutting conditions, locking the differential
provides no benefit and should not be used. OPSU- 0013
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes.
When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance increases; use
extreme care and reduce your speed in these conditions. When operating in traffic, always
use the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around
you and watch out for the other guy.
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Operation Section 4-27
OPERATION
9.2 Brake and Differential Lock Setting
OPERATION
OPERATION
9.3 Raising the Mower
Using the tractor 3-point hitch control lever, raise
the mower off the ground about 6”, or just high
enough to clear any ground obstacles. When
raising the mower, make sure all connection points
are securely attached and at least 1” clearance is
maintained between the driveline and the deck. If
necessary, place an upper lift stop on the 3-point
hitch control lever to limit the height the mower can
be raised to avoid driveline damage. OPS-R-0042
9.4 Driving the Tractor and Mower
Start off driving at a slow speed and gradually increase your speed while maintaining complete control of the
tractor and mower. Moving slowly at first will also prevent the tractor from rearing up and loss of steering
control. The tractor should never be operated at speeds that cannot be safely handled or which will prevent
the operator from stopping quickly during an emergency. If the power steering or engine ceases operating,
stop the tractor immediately as the tractor will be difficult to control.
Perform turns with the tractor and mower at slow
speeds to determine how the tractor with an
attached mower handles a turn. Determine the
safe speed to maintain proper control of the tractor
when making turns. When turning with a towed
implement, the overall working length of the unit is
increased.
Allow additional clearance for the
mower when turning.
To avoid overturns, drive the tractor with care and
at safe speeds, especially when operating over
rough ground, crossing ditches or slopes, and
turning corners.
Tractor wheel tread spacing
should be increased when working on inclines or
rough ground to reduce the possibility of tipping.
Use extreme caution when operating on steep
slopes. Keep the tractor in a low gear when going
downhill. DO NOT coast or free-wheel downhill.
OPS-R-0019
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Operation Section 4-28
OPERATION
9.5 Crossing Ditches and Steep Inclines
Damage resulting from over-collapse of the driveline’s inner profile and its outer housing
may allow the driveline to come loose from the Tractor which could cause bodily injury to the
operator or bystanders and/or extensive damage to the Tractor or Implement. OPS-R-0020
When confronted with an incline or ditch, do not
approach from an angle which is perpendicular or
straight on as damage to or over-collapse of the
driveline may occur. OPS-R-0021_A
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Operation Section 4-29
OPERATION
When crossing ditches with steep banks or going up
sharp inclines, it is possible that the main driveline
inner profile will penetrate into the outer housing to its
maximum depth until the assembly becomes solid
(driveline is at its extreme shortest length). This type
of abusive operation can cause serious damage to
the tractor and mower drive by pushing the PTO into
the tractor and through the support bearings or
downward onto the PTO shaft, breaking it off.
OPERATION
OPERATION
Inclines and ditches should be approached along a
line which is at an angle as shown. This type of
path will reduce the possibility of over-collapse of
the driveline and resulting damage. If the gradient
is so steep that such an approach increases the
possibility of a tractor roll-over, select an alternate
crossing path.
When operating the tractor and mower across
slopes and inclines, through ditches, and other
uneven terrain conditions, it is important to maintain
sufficient deck to ground clearance. Blade contact
with the ground may cause soil, rocks and other
debris to be thrown out from under the mower
resulting in possible injury and/or property damage.
Ground contact also produces a severe shock load
on the mower drive and to the mower blades
resulting in possible damage and premature wear.
OPS-R-0022
10. OPERATING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
THE OPERATOR MUST COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND HOW TO OPERATE THE TRACTOR AND
IMPLEMENT AND ALL CONTROLS BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO OPERATE. The operator must read and
understand the Safety and Operation Sections of the implement and tractor operator’s manuals. These
manuals must be read and explained to any operator who cannot read. Never allow someone to operate the
implement and tractor without complete operating instructions.
Before starting any operation, the operator must become familiar with the area to be worked in and any
obstacles and hazards contained within to ensure safety to the operator, bystanders, and equipment. Special
attention should be paid to foreign debris, rough terrain, steep slopes, and passersby and animals in the area.
OPS-U- 0015
Extreme care should be taken when operating near loose objects such
as gravel, rocks, wire, and other debris. Inspect the area before
mowing. Foreign objects should be removed from the site to prevent
machine damage and/or bodily injury or even death. Any objects that
cannot be removed must be clearly marked and carefully avoided by the
operator. Stop mowing immediately if blades strike a foreign object.
Repair all damage and make certain rotor or blade carrier is balanced
before resuming mowing. (SGM-05)
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Operation Section 4-30
OPERATION
Many varied objects, such as wire, cable, rope, or chains, can become entangled in the
operating parts of the mower head. These items could then swing outside the housing at
greater velocities than the blades. Such a situation is extremely hazardous and could result
in serious injury or even death. Inspect the cutting area for such objects before mowing.
Remove any like object from the site. Never allow the cutting blades to contact such items.
(SGM-06)
10.1 Foreign Debris Hazards
If you hit a solid object or foreign debris, stop the
mower and tractor at once. Immediately idle the
engine speed and disengage the PTO. Wait for all
mower rotating motion to stop, then raise the
mower and move the tractor and implement off the
object. Inspect the area and remove, or mark the
location of the debris. Inspect the condition of the
mower and make any needed repairs immediately.
Make sure the blades are not damaged and the
carrier is balanced before resuming operation.
OPERATION
Before mowing, inspect the area to make sure
there are no foreign objects that the mower blades
could hit or become entangled with. Remove all
foreign objects and debris. If objects are too big to
remove, mark them clearly and be sure to prevent
the mower blades from contacting them.
Remove Foreign Material
Always wear your seat belt securely fastened and
only operate the tractor and mower with the ROPS
in the raised position. If the tractor or mower hits a
tree stump, rock, or bump, a sudden movement
could throw you off of the seat and under the
tractor and/or mower. The seat belt is your best
protection from falling off the tractor and the ROPS
provides protection from being crushed during a
tractor roll-over. OPS-R-0023
Raise Mower over solid objects
10.2 Bystanders/Passersby Precautions
If a bystander comes within 300 feet of the tractor while the mower is being operated, stop the tractor at once,
idle the engine and disengage the PTO. Do not engage the PTO again until all bystanders are well past the
300 foot distance. OPS-R-0024
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Operation Section 4-31
OPERATION
Rotary Mowers are capable under adverse conditions of throwing
objects for great distances (300 ft (100 m) or more) and causing serious
injury or death. Follow safety messages carefully.
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 300 Feet (100 m) UNLESS:
-Front and Rear Deflectors, Chain Guards, or Bands are installed and in good, workable
condition;
OPERATION
-Mower sections or Wings are running close to and parallel to the ground without exposed
Blades;
-Passersby are outside the existing thrown-object zone;
-All areas have been thoroughly inspected and all foreign material such as rocks, cans,
glass, and general debris has been removed.
NOTE: Where there are grass and weeds high enough to hide debris that could be struck
by the blades, the area should be: inspected and large debris removed, mowed at an
intermediate height, inspected, closely with any remaining debris being removed, and
mowed again at desired final height. (This will also reduce power required to mow, reduce
wear and tear on the Mower drivetrain, spread cut material better, reduce streaking, and
make the final cut more uniform). (SRM-01)
10.3 Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO)
Before engaging the PTO, make certain that the area is clear of bystanders and passersby. The implement
must be completely lowered and the deck positioned at a safe operating height. NEVER engage the PTO with
the implement in the raised position.
Set the tractor engine speed at approximately 1,000 RPM before engaging the PTO. Shift the PTO control to
the on position, and slowly increase the engine speed until the PTO is operating at the rated speed. If you
hear unusual noises or see or feel abnormal vibrations, disengage the PTO immediately. Inspect the
implement to determine the cause of the noise or vibration and repair the abnormality. OPS-U- 0027
Do not let the Blades turn when the Mower Deck is raised for any
reason, including clearance or for turning. Raising the Mower deck
exposes the Cutting Blades which creates a potentially serious hazard
and could cause serious injury or even death from objects thrown from
the Blades. (SRM-07)
Do not put hands or feet under mower decks. Blade Contact can result
in serious injury or even death. Stay away until all motion has stopped
and the decks are securely blocked up. (SGM-09)
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Operation Section 4-32
OPERATION
10.4 PTO RPM and Ground Speed
Ground speed for mowing will depend upon the height, type, and density of vegetation to be cut.
Recommended speed for efficient mower performance is between 2 and 5 mph(3-8 kph). Operate the mower
at its full rated PTO speed to maintain blade speed for a clean cut. Refer to the tractor operator’s manual or
the tractor instrument panel for the engine speed and gear to provide the required PTO and desired ground
speed. Make sure that the mower is operating at its full rated speed before entering the vegetation to be cut.
If it becomes necessary to temporarily regulate engine speed, increase or decrease the throttle gradually.
Do not exceed the rated PTO speed for the Implement. Excessive PTO speeds can cause
Implement driveline or blade failures resulting in serious injury or death. (SG-26)
Mow at the speed that you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower. The
correct mowing speed depends on terrain condition and grass type, density, and height of
cut. Normal ground speed range is from 2 to 5 mph(3-8 kph). Use slow mowing speeds
when operating on or near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines, or when debris and foreign objects are to be avoided. (SGM-07)
10.5 Operating the Mower
Only operate the mower from the tractor operator’s seat with the seatbelt securely fastened. The tractor must
be equipped with a ROPS in the raised position or a ROPS cab.
The mower is designed to cut vegetation up to 1-1/2” (38mm) in diameter. Sharp blades will produce a
cleaner cut and require less power. Travel at a speed that allows the mower sufficient time to cut through the
vegetation and maintain the PTO operating speed to prevent overloading the mower and tractor. Choose a
driving pattern that provides the maximum pass length and minimizes turning.
Under certain conditions, tractor tires may roll some grasses down preventing them from being cut at the
same height as the surrounding area. When this occurs, reduce the tractor ground speed while maintaining
the operating speed of the mower. A slower ground speed will permit grasses to at least partially rebound and
be cut. Taking a partial cut and/or reversing the direction of travel may also help produce a cleaner cut.
Avoid mowing in the reverse direction when possible. In situations where the mower must be backed to
access areas to be cut, make sure there are no persons or other foreign debris behind the mower before
mowing in reverse. When mowing in reverse, operate the tractor and mower at a reduced ground speed to
ensure tractor and mower control is maintained. OPS-R-0026
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Operation Section 4-33
OPERATION
Ground speed is achieved by transmission gear selection and not by the engine operating speed. The
operator may be required to experiment with several gear range combinations to determine the best gear and
range which provides the most ideal performance from the mower and most efficient tractor operation. As the
severity of cutting conditions increase, the ground speed should be decreased by selecting a lower gear to
maintain the proper operating PTO speed. OPS-R-0025
OPERATION
Do not mow with two machines in the same area except with Cab tractors with the windows
closed. (SGM-11)
OPERATION
Mow only in conditions where you have clear visibility in daylight or with adequate artificial
lighting. Never mow in darkness or foggy conditions where you cannot clearly see at least
300 feet (90 m) in front and to the sides of the tractor and mower. Make sure that you can
clearly see and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions,
power lines, debris and foreign objects. If you are unable to clearly see these type of items
discontinue mowing. (SGM-1)
Avoid mowing in reverse direction when possible. Check to make sure there are no
persons behind the mower and use extreme care when maneuvering in reverse. Mow only
at a slow ground speed where you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower.
Never mow an area that you have not inspected and removed debris or foreign material.
(SGM-08)
Follow these guidelines to reduce the risk of equipment and grass fires
while operating, servicing, and repairing the Mower and Tractor:
-Equip the Tractor with a fire extinguisher in an accesible location.
-Do Not operate the Mower on a Tractor with an underframe exhaust.
-Do Not smoke or have an open flame near the Mower and Tractor.
-Do Not drive into burning debris or freshly burnt areas.
-Ensure slip clutches are properly adjusted to prevent excessive slippage and plate heating.
-Never allow clippings or debris to collect near drivelines, slip clutches, and gearboxes.
Periodically shut down the Tractor and Mower and clean clippings and collected debris from
the mower deck. (SGM-12)
When you get to the end of a pass, slightly raise the
mower (2-4”) before turning. Never raise the
mower entirely while the blades are turning. If the
mower must be raised higher than 12” from ground
level, disengage the tractor PTO and wait for all
mower rotation to come to a complete stop before
proceeding to raise the mower. OPS-R-0027_B
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Operation Section 4-34
OPERATION
Do not let the Blades turn when the Mower Deck is raised for any
reason, including clearance or for turning. Raising the Mower deck
exposes the Cutting Blades which creates a potentially serious hazard
and could cause serious injury or even death from objects thrown from
the Blades. (SRM-07)
Then lower the mower to the desired height and
mow the vegetation a second time. If possible,
select a mowing pattern that is at a 90 degree angle
to the first pass to reduce streaking for a more
uniform cut. OPS-R-0044
Do not mow, or drive the tractor into material that is burning, or areas that recently burnt and may contain hot
spots. Burning material, sparks, and coals could be thrown from the mower to areas of vegetation that might
ignite. Tire damage can occur when driving over hot material. Oil and grease on the tractor and mower could
ignite resulting in equipment destruction. Carry a fire extinguisher on the tractor at all times to extinguish possible fires encountered.
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Operation Section 4-35
OPERATION
Large, dense, or wet vegetation may need to be
mowed in two or more passes to achieve a uniform
cut. In such conditions, raise the cutting height to
12” or more on the first pass. OPS-R-0043
OPERATION
10.6 Right of Way (Highway) Mowing
•
USE DOUBLE CHAIN GUARDS for highway, right-of-way, parks, greenbelt mowing, or all other mowing
where human dwellings, vehicles, or livestock could be within 300 feet of the mower.
•
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. To Reduce Possibility of Injury:
1. MAINTAIN MOWER SHIELDING in good operational condition,
OPERATION
2. DAILY INSPECT the condition of the Thrown Object Guards, mower Side Skirts, and skid shoes:
Replace or repair worn or damaged guards.
3. DAILY INSPECT the condition of the Blades and Blade Bolts. Replace any cracked, worn, bent or
damage blades. Always replace blade bolts and nuts when replacing blades. Make sure the blade
bolts are properly tightened.
4. RAISE CUTTING HEIGHT to 6 INCHES minimum.
5. INSPECT AREA thoroughly before mowing to REMOVE potential THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS.
6. NEVER ALLOW BLADES to CONTACT SOLID OBJECTS like wire, rocks, posts, curbs, guardrails,
or ground while mowing.
ROTARY MOWERS CAN THROW OBJECTS 300 FEET OR MORE UNDER ADVERSE
CONDITIONS.
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO OPERATOR OR BYSTANDERS FROM THROWN
OBJECTS:
INSPECT AREA FOR POTENTIAL THROWN OBJECTS BEFORE MOWING:
•
REMOVE debris, rocks, wire, cable, metal objects and other foreign material from area.
Wire, cable, rope, chains and metal objects can be thrown or swung outside deck with great velocity:
1. MARK objects that cannot be removed.
2. AVOID these objects when mowing.
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY IS WITHIN 300 FEET UNLESS:
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including Front and Rear Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards,
Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes are in place and in good condition when mowing.
•
Mower sections or wings are adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
•
MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
•
PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
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OPS-U-0040
Operation Section 4-36
OPERATION
10.7 Shutting Down the Implement
To shut down attached mower head, first bring the
tractor to a complete stop. Decrease engine RPM
to idle then disengage cutterhead. The mower head
will come to a complete stop within a suitable
amount of time. Do not engage or disengage the
cutterheads at a high RPM unless there is an
emergency situation.
11. DISCONNECTING THE MOWER FROM THE TRACTOR
Before disconnecting the mower, the PTO must be
disengaged and blade rotation at a complete stop.
Move the mower to a level storage location and
lower it to the ground. If the mower is not resting
securely on the ground, block the mower up
securely before attempting to disconnect it from
the tractor.
Use extreme care to keep feet and hands from
under the mower and clear of any pinch points
caused by the tractor hitch arms and mower pins.
OPS-R-0030_A
Never stand or allow another person to stand between a running Tractor and the Mower
when disconnecting the Implement from the Tractor 3-point hitch.
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Operation Section 4-37
OPERATION
Park the tractor on a level surface, place the
transmission in park or neutral and apply the
parking brake, lower the attached implement to the
ground, shut down the engine, remove the key, and
wait for all motion to come to a complete stop
before exiting the tractor. OPS-U- 0016
OPERATION
OPERATION
Always shut the Tractor completely down, place the transmission in park, and set the
parking brake before you or anyone else attempts to connect or disconnect the Implement
and Tractor hitches. (S3PT-15)
To disconnect the mower, first extend the tractor 3point hitch top link to remove tension on the top link
hitch pin. When the pin is loose and easy to rotate,
remove the pin from the mower. Next remove both
lower hitch pins.
After disconnecting the 3 lift points, remove the
mower driveline from the tractor PTO shaft. Lay
the driveline down carefully on support flat to avoid
damaging the driveline or its shield. Do not let the
driveline fall into mud or dirt, which can
contaminate the bearing and shorten the life of the
driveline. OPS-R-0031_B
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Operation Section 4-38
OPERATION
12. MOWER STORAGE
Properly preparing and storing the mower at the end of the season is critical to maintaining its appearance
and to help ensure years of dependable service. The following are suggested storage procedures:
•
•
•
•
•
•
It is critical that driveline clutches slip when an obstacle or heavy load is encountered to avoid mower and/or
tractor damage. If the mower sits outside for an extended period of time or is exposed to rain and/or humid
air, the clutch lining plates must be inspected to ensure they are not frozen together from rust or corrosion. If
the mower has been exposed to such conditions, at the start of each mowing season, and any time it is
suspected that the slip clutch plates may be frozen together, readjust the slip clutch as detailed in Seasonal
Clutch Maintenance of the maintenance section in this manual. OPS-R-0032_A
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
13. TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Inherent hazards of operating the tractor and implement and the possibility of accidents are not left behind
when you finish working in an area. Therefore, the operator must employ good judgement and safe operation
practices when transporting the tractor and implement between locations. By using good judgement and
following safe transport procedures, the possibility of accidents while moving between locations can be
substantially minimized. OPS-U- 0017
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Operation Section 4-39
OPERATION
•
Thoroughly clean all debris off the mower to
prevent damage from rotting grass and
standing water.
Lubricate all mower grease points and fill
gearbox oil levels as detailed in the
maintenance section.
Tighten all bolts and pins to the recommended
torque.
Check the mower for worn and damaged
parts.
Perform repairs and make
replacements immediately so that the mower
will be ready for use at the start of the next
season.
Store the mower in a clean, dry place with the
mower housing resting securely on blocks or
at ground level.
Keep the driveline yoke from sitting in water, dirt and other contaminants.
Use spray touch-up enamel where necessary to prevent rust and maintain the appearance of the mower.
OPERATION
OPERATION
Before transporting the tractor and mower, idle the
tractor engine, disengage the PTO and wait for all
mower moving parts to come to a complete stop.
Once all mower parts are completely stopped, raise
the mower to transport height. NOTE: When
raising the mower, maintain 1” clearance between
the driveline and mower deck. If additional mower
deck height is needed for safe transport, disconnect
the driveline from the tractor and secure its end to
the mower deck. The mower can then be raised to
the maximum lift height. OPS-R-0033_A
If the tractor’s hydraulic pump is not independent of
the tractor PTO, or if the tractor PTO has to be run
to have hydraulic power, disconnect the mower
driveline from the tractor PTO output shaft. Secure
the driveline to the mower deck to prevent driveline
damage or loss during transport. OPS-R-0034
13.1 Tire and Wheels
Laminated Sectional Tires are designed for conditions where puncture proof performance is required and
the mower will not be transported for long distances on roadways. Transport speed for laminated tires should
not exceed 15 MPH. Excessive speed can cause damage to the machine and tire sections. Sectional tires
must be installed such that the rubber segments lay with the ground.
OPS-R-0035_A
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Operation Section 4-40
OPERATION
13.2 Transporting on Public Roadways
Extreme caution should be used when transporting the tractor and implement on public roadways. The tractor
must be equipped with all required safety warning features including a SMV emblem and flashing warning
lights to alert drivers of the tractor’s presence. Remember that roadways are primarily designed for
automotive drivers and most drivers will not be looking out for you, therefore, you must look out for them.
Check your side view mirrors frequently and remember that vehicles will approach quickly because of the
tractor’s slower speed. Be extremely cautious when the piece of equipment that you are towing is wider than
the tractor tire width and/or extends beyond your lane of the road.
Make certain that the “Slow Moving Vehicle” (SMV) sign is installed in
such a way as to be clearly visible and legible. When transporting the
Equipment use the Tractor flashing warning lights and follow all local
traffic regulations. (SG-6)
The SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem is
universal symbol used to alert drivers of the
presence of equipment traveling on roadways at a
slow speed. SMV signs are a triangular bright
orange with reflective red trim for both easy day
and night visibility. Make sure the SMV sign is
clean and visible from the rear of the unit before
transporting the tractor and implement on a public
roadway. Replace the SMV emblem if faded,
damaged, or no longer reflective. OPS-U- 0020
Make sure that all tractor flashing warning lights,
headlights, and brake/tail lights are functioning
properly before proceeding onto public roads. While
newer model tractors have plenty of lighting to
provide warning signals and operating lighting, most
older models are only equipped with operating lights.
Consult an authorized tractor dealer for lighting kits
and modifications available to upgrade the lighting on
older tractor models. OPS-U- 0021
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Operation Section 4-41
OPERATION
Make sure that a proper size safety tow chain is secured between the tractor and implement before entering a
public road. OPS-U- 0019
OPERATION
OPERATION
When operating on public roads, have
consideration for other road users. Pull to the side
of the road occasionally to allow all following traffic
to pass. Do not exceed the legal speed limit set in
your country for agricultural tractors. Always stay
alert when transporting the tractor and implement
on public roads. Use caution and reduce speed if
other vehicles or pedestrians are in the area. OPSU- 0022_A
Reduce speed before turning or applying the brakes.
Ensure that both brake pedals are locked together
when operating on public roads. OPS-U- 0023
13.3 Hauling the Tractor and Implement
Before transporting a loaded tractor and implement, measure the height and width dimensions and gross
weight of the complete loaded unit. Ensure that the load will be in compliance with the legal limits set for the
areas that will be traveled through.
Use adequately sized and rated trailers and equipment to transport the tractor and implement. Consult an
authorized dealer to determine the proper equipment required. Using adequately sized chains, heavy duty
straps, cables and/or binders, securely tie down both front and rear of the tractor utilizing the proper tie down
locations as specified by the tractor manufacturer.
Arrange the chains so that when tightened, the chains are pulling downward and against themselves. Carefully
tighten the securing chains or other fasteners using boomers or binders to apply maximum tension. Use
extreme care when attaching and removing the securing devices as the extreme tension involved when
released has the potential to inflict serious injury.
While hauling the tractor and implement, make occasional stops to check that the tractor and implement have
not moved or shifted and that the securing chains have maintained tension. If during transport, a hard braking,
sharp turning or swerving action was performed, stop at the next safe location to inspect the security of the
load.
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Operation Section 4-42
OPERATION
14. TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Possible Cause
Remedy
Uneven Cut
Excessive ground speed.
Blades worn, dull, or bent.
Reduce ground speed.
Replace blades.
(Refer to “Maintenance” section).
Adjust. (Refer to “Assembly” section)
Adjust Mower height.
(Refer to “Assembly” section)
Adjust tire pressure.
(Refer to your tractor operator's
manual)
Reduce ground speed when turning.
Adjust your tractor wheel spacing.
(Refer to “Operation” section)
Repair or replace as necessary.
Mower not level side to side.
Improper height adjustment.
Low tractor tire pressure on
one side.
Turning too fast.
Tractor tires push grass down.
Damaged Mower pan.
Uncut Material
Excessive ground speed
RPM too low
Improper blade for direction of cut.
Poor Shredding
Excessive ground speed.
Cutting too high.
Windrowing
or Uneven
Distribution
Material heavy and lush.
Excessive ground speed
Conditions too wet.
Blade Bolts Working Loose
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Bolts not tightened.
Bolt hole elongated or oversized.
Locknut worn out.
Operation Section 4-43
Reduce ground speed.
Use full PTO speed.
(Refer to your tractor operator's
manual)
Install blades so rotation is correct.
Raise the front of Mower relative to the
rear to hold and circulate material
longer. (Refer to Operation SectionSetting the Mower-Setting Deck
Height) Reduce ground speed.
Lower cutting height. (Refer to
Operation Section-Setting the MowerSetting Deck Pitch)
Raise the front of Mower relative to the
rear. (Refer to Operation SectionSetting the Mower-Setting Deck
Height)
Reduce ground speed.
Wait for conditions to dry. Reduce
ground speed.
Tighten Bolts to 300 ft./lbs.
Replace Blade Carrier.
Replace Locknut.
OPERATION
Problem
OPERATION
OPERATION
Gearbox Noisy
Low Lubricant.
Rough gears.
Worn Bearing.
Check lubricant level.
Run in or change Gears.
Replace Bearing.
Gearbox Leaking
Damaged Oil Seal.
Bent Shaft.
Oil Seal Race rough.
Oil Seal installed wrong.
Oil Seal not sealing in the housing.
Replace Seal.
Replace Oil Seal and Shaft.
Replace Shaft or repair Race.
Replace Seal.
Replace Seal or use a sealant on O.D.
of Seal.
Drain oil to proper level.
Replace Gasket.
Tighten Bolts.
Replace castings or gearbox.
Oil level too high.
Gasket damaged.
Bolts loose.
Sand hole in casting.
Streaking Conditions
Conditions too wet for cutting.
Blades unable to cut that part of
grass pressed down by path of
tractor tires.
Dull blades.
Height of cutter lower at rear or
front.
Allow grass to dry before cutting. Slow
ground speed of tractor but keep
engine running at full PTO rpm.
Lowering the cutting height may help.
Sharpen or replace blades.
See Cutting Height Instructions.
Gearbox Overheating
Low on lubricant.
Improper type lubricant.
Excessive trash build-up around
gearbox.
Bearing or gears set up improperly.
Fill to level plug.
Replace with proper lubricant.
Remove trash.
Tractor PTO not being run at
540 RPM.
Heavy Material.
Run at 540 RPM.
Shear Pin Shears
Excessively
Not using proper pin.
PTO engaged at high engine RPM
Cutting in rocky conditions
Blade carrier RPM too high.
Blades not properly heat treated.
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Operation Section 4-44
Consult your Dealer.
Reduce ground speed. Raise cutting
height.
Replace only with recommended
shear pin.
Idle engine to engage PTO
Increase cutting height.
Check gearbox ratios.
Consult your Dealer.
MAINTENANCE SECTION
Maintenance Section 5-1
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING IMPLEMENT IN
GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER SERVICE, REPAIRS AND
MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
SECURE EQUIPMENT FOR SERVICE
BLOCK OUT POTENTIAL ENERGY HAZARDS; Rotating Parts, Raised Components, Hydraulic Pressure.
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and remove key before
•
•
•
•
•
•
dismounting from tractor.
PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
SECURELY LATCH and LOCK raised implement wings
BLOCK UP IMPLEMENT TONGUE with large blocks and tongue jack. DO NOT crawl or work under implement supported only by
tongue jack.
PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT Hydraulic HOSES from tractor
DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT driveline from tractor PTO SHAFT.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY PROCEDURES when performing service, repairs
and maintenance on the implement:
•
Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with sharp edges.
•
Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES when servicing hot components
AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
•
SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working underneath equipment.
•
•
STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
•
ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
•
•
FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic calibrations to avoid component or equipment failures.
•
DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
•
•
DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component failures being thrown from
mower.
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT MAINTENANCE
SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys and washers on pins, and
all moving parts for wear.
REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
•
REPLACE bent, damage, cracked or broken blades immediately with new blades.
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
•
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes
•
•
•
•
in place and in good condition.
•
•
•
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the state of California
to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the state of California to
cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. PN HM01
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Maintenance Section 5-2
MAINTENANCE
PARTS INFORMATION
PARTS INFORMATION
Rhino mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives,
knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Rhino specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will fit” parts
may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Rhino mower
parts for economy and safety. (SPRM-1)
Before operating your Rotary Cutter, make sure it is properly lubricated and thoroughly inspected. Only a
minimum of time and effort is required to regularly lubricate and maintain this machine to provide long life and
trouble free operation.
Always disengage the PTO before raising the Rotary Cutter for transporting or making
adjustments.
NOTE: Some guards and shields have been removed from the illustrations and pictures for instructional clarity.
DO NOT operate implement without all shields and guards in place and in good condition.
Lubrication
Do not let excess grease collect on or around parts, particularly when operating in sandy areas. The
illustrations show lubrication points. The chart gives the frequency of lubrication in hours, based on normal
operating conditions. Severe or unusual conditions may require more frequent lubrication.
Use Multi-Purpose Gear Oil P/N 00786250 when required in Gearbox. Use N.L.G.I #2 grease for all locations
designated with grease gun. Be sure to clean the fitting thoroughly before using grease gun. Failure to
maintain proper lubrication will result in damage to U-joints, gearbox, and/or driveshaft. Figure Mnt-R-0333
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-3
MAINTENANCE
SEE YOUR RHINO DEALER
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-4
MAINTENANCE
Gearbox Lubrication
Recommended lubricant is Multi-Purpose Gear Oil
P/N 00786250. Gearbox capacity is 1 Quart.
NOTE: Make sure mower is level when checking oil in the gearbox.
NOTE: Overfilling of Gearbox will cause pressure to build up and cause Grease Seals to leak.ATTENTION: If
the Gearbox suddenly starts making an unusual noise, stop at once, check for leaks, and refill Gearbox as
required.
Comer Gearbox
The Comer Gearbox is full at (52 ounces) 1.54 liters
of oil.
Gearbox capacity is 2 Quarts.
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Maintenance Section 5-5
MAINTENANCE
The gearbox should be full (18 ounces) 0.54 liters
and not require additional lubricant unless the box
is cracked or a seal is leaking. It is recommended
that the 1/8” oil level plug (Figure MntP-R-0009) be
removed after every 10 hours of operation. If
required, oil should be added until it runs out
hole.Check the oil level after operating long enough
for warmed oil to flow through the Bearings into the
lower Gearbox cavity. Refill to the test plug level.
Check the oil again before operation, after every 40
hours of mowing, and at the beginning and end of
each mowing season.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
DRIVELINE LUBRICATION
Grease Fittings are located on the Cross Assembly
of each U-Joint and on the telescoping tubes.
Grease the U-Joint after each 8 hours of use.
Figure MntP-R-0021. Do not force grease through
the Needle Cup Assemblies. Grease the
telescoping tubes after every 8 hours use. To
grease profile tube, disconnect drive from PTO and
pull halves apart. Pump grease into outer profile
tube and reinstall together. Lube Slide Collar weekly
with WD40 or equivalent weight oil. Figure Mnt-R0037.
The Driveline Integral Shields should not become dented or otherwise damaged. The Integral Shield Assembly
has a Nylon Bearing at each end and should turn freely. This nylon bearing should require lubrication every 40
hours. To remove the Integral Shields for replacement or repair, turn the three Nylon Nuts 1/4 turn in the Shield
Slots of the Cone and Tube and remove them. Slip the Shield Cone Assembly off inner section of the Driveline.
Install the new or repaired Shield on the Driveline. Place the split Nylon Bearing over the Driveline Housing of
Shaft against the Yoke and in the Bearing groove. Install shield over the Housing so the Nylon Bearing fits into
the Shield Bearing Retainer. Align a slot in the Shield Cone with one of the slots in the Shield. Put one of the
Nylon Nuts back in through the aligned slots and turn until it is perpendicular to the slots. Add the other two
Nylon Nuts.
Make certain that the Driveline Integral Shields are free to telescope and rotate around the
driveline without binding.
IMPORTANT: Scan this QR Code with your smart phone to link to the ADMA
Driveline Safety Manual for more information on the safe use of a driveline during
normal operation and maintenance. Or type in your internet browser the following
web address: www.algqr.com/dme Ops-0009-MISC
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Maintenance Section 5-6
MAINTENANCE
SHEAR PIN YOKE LUBRICATION
Yoke is supplied with a grease fitting to lube
between gearbox shaft and yoke. This allows yoke
to spin freely on gearbox shaft when pin shears.
Failure to lube may cause yoke to gall and spin
weld to shaft. Applying a small amount of grease to
shear pins will greatly prolong life of yoke.
MAINTENANCE
BLADE SERVICING
Inspect blades before each use to determine that they are properly installed and in good condition. Replace
any blade that is bent, excessively nicked, worn, or has any other damage. Small nicks can be ground out
when sharpening.
Use only original equipment blades on this cutter. They are made of special heat-treated
alloy steel. Substitute blades may not meet specifications and may fail in a hazardous
manner that could cause injury.
Replace bent or broken blade with new blades. NEVER ATTEMPT TO STRAIGHTEN OR
WELD ON BLADES SINCE THIS WILL LIKELY CRACK OR OTHERWISE DAMAGE THE
BLADE WITH SUBSEQUENT FAILURE AND POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY FROM
THROWN BLADES. (SGM-10)
•
•
•
Manually wiggle the blade carriers to check for any looseness.
Retighten any loose parts.
Recheck torque every 50 hours.
Operating with loose blade hardware will damage the blade holder and blades. Whenever
the blades have been removed or replaced, the hardware must be retightened after the first
eight hours of operation. On new units check blade hardware and the blade nut torque after
first 8 hours.
Operating with loose blade holder will damage the blade holder and output shaft, two initial
tightenings are required. Retighten after one hour and again after the day of operation. In
severe cutting conditions or commercial use, a daily inspection is required.
To help prevent structural damage caused by loose hardware, tighten gear case hardware
as specified. Check torque after first 8 hours of use and every 50 hours thereafter.
NOTE: Correct Blade Rotation is counter-clockwise viewed from the top.
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-7
MAINTENANCE
Inspect Blades daily for normal wear. If Blades have a notch worn into the leading worn into
the leading edge at the lower bend more than 1/2” DEEP (due to running in gravel and/or
the ground), REPLACE BOTH BLADES ON THAT CARRIER IMMEDIATELY. Failure to
replace such abnormally worn blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blade and
ejection of the broken part with tremendous force which may cause bodily injury or death.
MAINTENANCE
NOTE: Replace Blades in pairs after no more than 1/2” notch wear.
BLADE SHARPENING
When sharpening blades, grind each blade the same amount to maintain balance. Follow
original sharpening pattern as shown in Figure Mnt-R-0008. Always sharpen blades by
grinding. Always sharpen both blades at same time to maintain balance. The difference in
blade weights should not exceed 1 ounce. Unbalanced blades will cause excessive
vibration which can damage gear box bearings. Vibration may also cause structural cracks
in cutter housing. DO NOT heat and pound out edge. Do not sharpen blade to a razor edge,
but leave a 1/16” blunt edge. Do not sharpen back side of blade.
Avoid personal injury. Always block the cutter up to prevent if from falling when the blades
and/ or carrier are being serviced.
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-8
MAINTENANCE
BLADE CARRIER REMOVAL
Remove cotter pin and loosen slotted nut on gearbox shaft. Loosen but do not remove the nut until the blade
carrier is loosened. Use a suitable 2 jaw gear puller to pull carrier off tapered gearbox shaft. If gear puller is not
available use long bar inserted through blade bolt access hole with end against rotor bar. Strike opposite end of
bar with sledge hammer. Rotate blade carrier 180 degrees and repeat process.
BLADE CARRIER INSPECTION
Failure to replace a worn blade carrier bushing as described above may lead to catastrophic
failure of the blade, blade bolt, and/or blade bolt nut resulting in the ejection of the broken
parts out from under the mower at tremendous speed and force which could result in serious
bodily injury or death.
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Maintenance Section 5-9
MAINTENANCE
Blade bolt fit into carrier bushings should be checked every time blades are changed. The blade bolt should fit
into carrier bushings as a snug slip fit. If the blade bolt fit appears to be loose or sloppy, measure the square
hole in bushing. If the bottom of the square hole is 1/16” or greater than the square shoulder of the new blade
bolt the bushings should be replaced. Bushings can be removed by cutting bushing head where it is welded to
carrier bar. Once head is removed bushing can be pressed out of bar. Clean and grind top of blade bar so new
bushing can be installed and welded. Bushing should be pressed into bar as far as possible. Use low hydrogen
rod to weld bushing in place.
MAINTENANCE
BLADE CARRIER INSTALLATION
Clean the splines on both the blade carrier and output shaft. Position carrier on the gearbox output shaft and
install special washer nut.
Tighten nut holding blade carrier to minimum 450 ft. pounds, strike the carrier near the hub several times with a
heavy hammer to seat the hub. Use a suitable spacer over the nut to prevent damage to the nut and threads.
Retighten the nut to 450 ft. pounds. Install cotter pin and spread.
MAINTENANCE
Operating the mower with a loose blade pan or holder can damage the taper connection on
the gearbox output shaft. To ensure proper seating between the blade holder and output
shaft, check and tighten the retaining nut after the first day of operation. Recheck the blade
carrier attachment each morning before operating. Grasp the carrier firmly with both hands
and try to push and pull the carrier with one hand while pulling and pushing with the other
hand to try to rock or oscillate the blade carrier. If the carrier is loose, retighten the retaining
nut before operating the mower.
Always recheck gearbox output shaft slotted blade carrier retaining nut torque after a few
hours operation.
Avoid personal injury. Do not work under cutter without support blocks to keep frame from
falling.
BLADE REMOVAL
Remove locknut from blade bolt through inspection hole in deck of mower near the gearbox to remove blades
for sharpening or replacement. See Figure MntP-R-0057. Always replace nut when replacing blade bolt.
When installing blades be sure and check blade bolt pivot diameter for wear. Replace bolt if worn more than 1/
4 inch at any point. Tighten lock nut to 450 ft. lbs.
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Maintenance Section 5-10
MAINTENANCE
Blade Bolt Inspection
Inspect Blade Bolt Head daily for wear as followed:
MAINTENANCE
Inspect the Blade Bolt Heads daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE BOTH BLADE BOLTS on
the Blades IMMEDIATELY if either blade bolts has:
• Visible cracks or
• If the recessed area on blade bolt is worn off or
• If Blade Bolt has gouges or chipped areas.
Failure to replace abnormally worn blade bolts may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of
the broken part which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace Blade Bolts with new bolts whenever replacing the Blades. OPS-U-0037
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Maintenance Section 5-11
MAINTENANCE
SLIP CLUTCH
If a slip clutch is incorporated in the PTO driveline, it is designed to slip, absorb the shock load, and protect the
driveline. This clutch has single disc spring with 6 adjusting nuts.
MAINTENANCE
After the first hour of operation, the slip clutch should be checked for overheating. After this first check, the slip
clutch should be checked weekly or anytime there is overheating. To adjust the disc clutch, tighten the 6 bolts
until Belleville Spring is flat and then loosen each of them 2 turns.
The slip clutch should be checked periodically and adjusted to compensate for wear. The lining plates are 1/8”
thick when new. Replace after 1/32” wear. If the mower has been idle for an extended period of time, or in wet
weather, before operating check to be sure the friction lining plates are not rusted/corroded together. Should
this occur refer to the procedure described in the “Seasonal Clutch Maintenance” section on the next page.
There are two friction lining plates in the slip clutch. These should be checked weekly for oil or grease, wear,
and moisture which could cause corrosion on the drive plates.
All Safety Shields, Guards and Safety devices including (but not
limited to) - the Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox
Shields, PTO integral shields, and Retractable Door Shields should
be used and maintained in good working condition. All safety
devices should be inspected carefully at least daily for missing or
broken components. Missing, broken, or worn items must be
replaced at once to reduce the possibility of injury or death from
thrown objects, entanglement, or blade contact. (SGM-3)
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Maintenance Section 5-12
MAINTENANCE
SEASONAL CLUTCH MAINTENANCE
It is important that the clutches slip when an obstacle or load heavier than the clutch setting is encountered.
Therefore, if the machine sits outside longer than 30 days and is exposed to rain and/or humid air it is
important to make sure that the clutch lining plates are not rusted/corroded together. Before using the cutter
use the following procedure to make sure the clutch will slip and give the overload protection required.
Loosen nuts (Figure Mnt-R-0090) on springs until the springs are free, yet remain secure on bolts.
Attach cutter to tractor and start the tractor. Set the engine speed at 1200 RPM.
Mark outer plates as shown in Figure Mnt-R-0090.
Engage the PTO (approximately one second) and then quickly disengage it. The friction lining plates
should break loose (check the mark).
5. Turn tractor off. Tighten the nuts on the disc spring clutch until Belleville spring is flat, then loosen each nut
2 turns.
STORAGE
Your rotary cutter represents an investment from which you should get the greatest possible benefit. Therefore,
when the season is over, the cutter should be thoroughly checked and prepared for storage so that a minimum
amount of work will be required to put it back into operation for the next season. The following are suggested
storage procedures:
1. Thoroughly clean the cutter.
2. Lubricate the cutter as covered in Maintenance
Section.
3. Tighten all bolts and pins to the recommended
torque.
4. Check the cutter for worn or damaged parts.
Make replacements immediately.
5. Place driveline in storage position resting on
bracket.
6. Store the cutter in a clean, dry place with the
cutter housing resting on blocks.
7. Use spray touch-up enamel where necessary to
prevent rust and maintain the appearance of
the cutter.
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS
The chart lists the correct tightening torque for fasteners. When bolts are to be tightened or replaced, refer to
this chart to determine the grade of bolts and the proper torque except when specific torque values are
assigned in manual text.
RECOMMENDED TORQUE IN FOOT POUNDS UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED IN THE MANUAL*
NOTE: These values apply to fasteners as received from supplier, dry or when lubricated with normal engine
oil. They do not apply if special graphited or molydisulphide greases or other extreme pressure lubricants are
used. This applies to both UNF fine and UNC coarse threads.
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-13
MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-14
MAINTENANCE
GEARBOX SERVICING
TOOLS NEEDED FOR DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY OF GEARBOX
MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Slide Hammer Puller
Locktite #5900
Punch - Long Drift
Needle Nose Pliers
Screw Driver
External Snap Ring Pliers
Socket Wrench
9/16 Socket
Ball Pin Hammer
Pry Bar
Be certain to clamp or securely support the gearbox and sub-assemblies to prevent injuries
to hands and feet due to inadvertent dropping or falling over.
Always wear safety glasses and gloves to prevent eye and hand injury when chiseling or
hammering on metal components. Hardened metal will chip unexpectedly.
An assembled gearbox is quite heavy. Use a hoist or get help to handle them safely. Lift
carefully and properly using your legs to lift - not your back.
NOTICE: Refer to operator’s manual for instructions for proper re-assembly onto the mower deck. Tighten
correctly.
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Maintenance Section 5-15
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
Gearbox Assembly
1. Remove 6 cover bolts from input shaft bearing housing (2).
2. Tap around circumference of bearing housing (2) to loosen housing and shims. Then pull complete shaft
(6) and housing assembly out of main housing.
3. Remove 4 capscrews (14), break gasket loose (11 & 12), and then remove the bearing retainer cap (18).
(Mnt-R-0211)
4. Output shaft assembly must be removed from main housing by driving or pulling shaft out bottom end.
NOTE: Once lower bearing is out of housing the complete assembly will drop.
5. The gearbox is now disassembled into four (4) sub-assemblies:
1. Input shaft assembly
2. Output shaft assembly
3. Lower bearing retainer assembly
6. Main housing assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-16
Housing
Input Cap
Gear
Ball Bearing
Input Seal
Input Shaft
Retaining Ring
Gear Spacer
Input Gasket (0.30)
Input Gasket (0.13)
Output Gasket (0.30)
Output Gasket (0.13)
Lock washer
Bolt (M10 x 1.5 x 25)
Slotted Nut
Cotter pin
Output Seal
Output Cap
Tapered Bearing
Output Bearing Spacer
Shaft and Pinion (Output
Shim (0.50)
Shim (0.30)
Shim (0.20)
Ball Bearing
Seal
Plug
Retaining Ring
MAINTENANCE
Input Shaft Disassembly and Assembly
(Figure Mnt-R-0212)
ASSEMBLY ORDER
1. Install gear onto shaft as shown in Figure Mnt-R-0212. Note location of two snap ring grooves.
2. Install bearing on shaft.
NOTE: Use tube with ID just large enough to go over shaft to drive bearing against gear. Install retaining ring
(Ref 7).
3. Press oil seal flush with front side of bearing housing (See SEAL INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATION).
4. Lubricate ID of seal and insert shaft until bearing contacts housing. Press bearing into housing by hitting
end of shaft.
SEAL INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
1. Check Seal - for damage that may have occurred prior to installation. A sealing lip that is turned back, cut
or otherwise damaged should be replaced.
2. Check Bore - to see that leading edge is deburred. A rounded corner or chamber should be provided.
3. Check Shaft - remove surface nicks, burrs and grooves and lubricate with a hard, fibrous grease.
NOTE: Wrap plastic tape around irregular shaft surfaces such as splines to protect seal during assembly.
4. Use Correct Installation Tool - Always use a pipe or tube with approximate same OD as seal and press
seal by striking tube.
NEVER HAMMER DIRECTLY ON THE SURFACE OF THE SEAL.
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-17
MAINTENANCE
1. Remove bearing housing (Ref. #13) by holding end of shaft which does not have a cross hole or splines
and tap opposite end of shaft on a solid surface. Shock force will remove housing from bearing (Ref.#4).
2. Remove retaining ring (Ref. #7) closest to bearing. Tap end of shaft as explained in Step 1 until bearing
and gear drop off shaft.
3. Worn components can now be replaced and assembled in reverse order.
MAINTENANCE
DISASSEMBLY OUTPUT SHAFT
1. Install slotted nut (Ref #15, Figure Mnt-R-0211) onto shaft and then tap shaft end on a solid surface to
remove lower bearing and spacer.
2. Remove retaining ring (Ref #28) and repeat above procedure to remove upper bearing.
MAINTENANCE
ASSEMBLY
1. Assembly of output shaft is accomplished in exact reverse order. Install bearing onto shaft and press
against gear. Install retaining ring (Ref. #28 Figure Mnt-R-0211).
2. Install spacer and lower bearing on shaft.
LOWER BEARING RETAINER CAP
1. Remove old seal from cap and press in new seal. (See SEAL INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS).
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Maintenance Section 5-18
MAINTENANCE
Gearbox Input Shaft Rear Bearing
Remove bearing (Ref. #25 Figure Mnt-R-0211) from inside main housing. A special slide hammer puller
(PROTO No. 4056) or equal may be required to remove bearing. Press in new bearing using a driving tube or
pipe with approximate same OD. as bearing cup. Seat outer race of bearing against shoulder in housing.
GEARBOX ASSEMBLY STEPS
Clean and scrape all gasket surfaces.
1. Insert output shaft assembly into main housing and press into place.
NOTE: Use pipe or tube with approximate same OD. as bearing cup and press into place by striking or
pressing on tube.
2. Prelube lower bearing.
3. Place lower gasket in place and then carefully slide bearing retainer cap assembly down shaft.
4. Install bolts and lockwashers and torque to 40-50 ft. lbs.
B.
1. Assemble three shims onto input shaft housing. Insert input shaft assembly into main housing by installing
shaft end into bearing in main housing. It may be necessary to rotate shaft to align gear teeth so that
housing will install completely. Note position of shield mounting holes in housing.
2. Install washers and bolts and torque to 40-50 ft. lbs.
3. Gear backlash check procedure (Figure Mnt-R-0044). Install 1/2 x 3 capscrew through shear pin hole.
Install flat washers to take up 1/2” space and then install nut and tighten so bolt cannot move. Clamp
gearbox to something solid so it will not move when shaft is rotated by hand. Measure 1-1/2 inches from
side of shaft to point on bolt and mark (See Figure Mnt-R-0044). Set dial indicator at marked point, then
while holding bottom shaft so it will not rotate, rotate the input shaft back and forth noting extreme indicator
reading. If total indicator deflection reading does not fall between.006 to.018, then shims (Ref. #12 Figure
Mnt-R-0211) will have to be added to increase backlash or deleted to decrease backlash.
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Maintenance Section 5-19
MAINTENANCE
A.
MAINTENANCE
GEARBOX SERVICING ON COMER GEARBOX
Disassembled shims must be assemble in the same positions.
MAINTENANCE
TOOLS NEEDED FOR DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY OF COMER GEARBOX
-Wrench n° 13-17-19
-Wrench n°17-36
-Wrench n°13-19
-Chisel
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
-Snap Ring Pliers
-Hammer
-Wrench n°36
-Pipe
Housing
Crown Gear
Roller Bearing (35 x 72 x 18.25)
Dust Lip (35 x 72 x 10)
Input Shaft
Snap Ring (72 x 75 x 2.5 for holes)
Shim Kit (60.3 x 71.7)
Castle Nut (M20 x 1)
Shim Kit (30.3 x 44)
Flat Washer (25 x 44 x4)
Castle Nut (M24 x 2)
Flat Washer (21 x 37 x 3)
Protective Flat Washer (40.4x79.9x1)
Dust Lip (40 x 80 12)
Roller Bearing (30 x 72 x 2.75)
Roller Bearing (40 x 80 x 19.75)
Output Shaft
Pinion Gear
Ball Bearing
Oil Cap
Snap Ring (81 x 82.8 x 2)
Name Plate
Cotter PIn (4 x 40)
Top Cover
Bolt M10 x 15 HHB
3/8” Gas Solid Plug
Supplied Separately
251. Bush
252. 3/8” Gas Oil Breather Plug
253. Cotter Pin (5 x 50)
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Maintenance Section 5-20
-Extractor
-Torquemeter
-Dynamometric wrench
MAINTENANCE
Disassembly
1.
2.
Unscrew plugs (252), (26) and empty the oil
from gearbox.
Unlock bolts (25) and take away cover (24).
MAINTENANCE
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Disassemble oil seal (4), cap (20) using a
chisel and hammer.
Disassemble snap rings (6), shims (7).
Hit the shaft (5), from side A, using chisel and
hammer and disassemble it from housing (1).
Pick up crown wheel (2) and inner ring (3).
Disassemble bearing (19), using pipe and
hammer, from the shaft (5).
Disassemble inner ring (3) from the shaft (5),
using chisel and hammer.
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Maintenance Section 5-21
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
9. Straighten cotter pin (23).
10. Extract cotter pin (253), unscrew nut (11),
disassemble bolt washer (10) and bush (251).
11. Disassemble snap ring (21), take away
protective washer (13).
12. Disassemble oil seal (14), using chisel and
hammer.
13. Disassemble outer ring (3) from housing, using
a pipe and hammer.
14. Straighten cotter pin (23).
15. Extract cotter pin (23), unscrew castle nut (8).
16. Disassemble shim (12), pinion (18), shims (9)
using and extractor if necessary.
17. Hit the shaft (17) from side B and extract it
from housing (1), using a chisel and hammer,
pick up inner ring (15).
18. Extract inner ring (16) from shaft (17), using a
chisel and hammer.
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-22
MAINTENANCE
19. Extract outer rings (15), (16) using a chisel and
hammer or an extractor.
MAINTENANCE
Assembly
NOTE: -Clean all the components from remaining oil, grease and silicone.
-Replace any particular damage.
-When assembling the bearings, pay attention to not make any pressure on the rollers or cages in
order to avoid any damage.
-When assembling oil seals, avoid contact with cutting parts in order to prevent any damage to the
inner lip.
-When assembling the cap, use a cylindrical shaft of same diameter of the cap.
1.
2.
3.
Assemble inner ring (16) on shaft (17) using
pipe and hammer.
Assemble outer rings (15), (16) inside housing
(1), using pipe and hammer.
Insert shaft (17) inside housing (1).
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Maintenance Section 5-23
MAINTENANCE
4.
5.
MAINTENANCE
6.
7.
8.
9.
Assemble inner ring (15) using pipe and
hammer, shim (9), pinion (18) using pipe and
hammer, shim (12) castle nut (8) and tighten
manually.
Check the assembled axis preload, using a
torquemeter, that must be to 5÷10 kgcm.
Assemble cotter pin (23) and bend it, unscrew
the castle nut (8) against cotter pin (23).
Hit the shaft (17) in order to set the axis, from
both sides, using a hammer.
If necessary change the shims setting (9) and
repeat the assembling previous phases, in
order to obtain the right value.
Caulk the cotter pin (23) using a pliers.
10. Assemble snap ring (6) using pliers, shims (7)
and outer ring (3) using pipe and hammer.
11. Insert inner ring (3) and crown wheel (2) inside
the housing (1).
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Maintenance Section 5-24
MAINTENANCE
26. Assemble cap (20), oil seal (4), using pipe and
hammer.
27. Put a silicone film between contact surfaces of
the housing and cover (24) than assemble
cover (24), bolts (25) and tighten to 5÷6.4 kgm.
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Maintenance Section 5-25
MAINTENANCE
12. Assemble bearing (19) on the shaft (5), using
pipe and hammer.
13. Assemble pre-mounted shaft (5) inside
housing (1), using chisel and hammer, bearing
(19) using pipe and hammer, snap ring (6).
14. Hit the shaft (5) in order to set the axis, from
both sides, using a hammer.
15. Check the assembled axis preload (K), using a
torquemeter.
16. Disassemble snap ring (6).
17. Assemble shims (7) and snap ring (6).
18. Hit the shaft (5) in order to set the axis, from
both sides, using a hammer.
19. Check the assembled axis preload, (W), using
a torquemeter.
20. The difference between the value (W) and the
value (K) is the axis preload that must be to
1÷5 kgcm.
21. If the value is not correct disassemble the snap
ring (6) and change the shims (6) setting,
reassemble the snap ring (6) and repeat the
setting axis in order to obtain the right preload.
22. In order to test the right mesh between the gears, use a color like prussian blue on the gear’s toothing.
23. Rotate manually the shaft (5).
24. Verify the right mesh between gears, (see the technical specifications on page 12), the value must be to
0.16 ÷ 0.42 mm.
25. In order to have the correct backlash, change shims set (7), (Please be aware that when you change the
shims set you will also have to re-set the preload).
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
28. Apply a Bisulphide Molybdenum grease on
dust lip of oil seal (14).
29. Assemble oil seal (14), protective washer (13),
using a pipe and hammer.
30. Assemble snap ring (21).
31. Assemble bush (251), bolt washer (10).
32. Assemble castle nut (11) and tighten to 50÷60
kgm.
33. Assemble cotter pin (253).
34. Bend cotter pin (253).
35. Assemble plug (26) and tighten to 3 kgm.
36. In order to prevent any leak of oil, make the
following test: insufflate from the hole plug
(252) to pressure bar 0.35 and put the gearbox
in a tank; if you prefer you can verify any
pressure drop with a manometer (scale about
0.6 bar) for 10 minute
37. Dry the gearbox
38. Fill the gearbox with oil SAE 90 EP.
39. Assemble the plug (252) and tighten to 3 kgm.
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Maintenance Section 5-26
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
172 08/12
Sección de Seguridad 1-22
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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Sección de Seguridad 1-21
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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Sección de Seguridad 1-20
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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Sección de Seguridad 1-19
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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Sección de Seguridad 1-18
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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Sección de Seguridad 1-17
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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Sección de Seguridad 1-16
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
Descripción de Calcomanía
SEGURIDAD
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Sección de Seguridad 1-15
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
Las cortadoras RHINO usan balanciadas y componentes de systema seleccionado para los portadores de
cuchillas, cuchillas, eje de cortar, navaja, suspensiones de navajas, los rodillos, los componentes de línea
motriz, y cojinetes. Estas partes son echas y probadas a la especificaciones de RHINO. Partes que no son
auténticas no regularmente llegan con estas especificaciones. El uso de partes que no son auténticas puede
reducir el funcionamiento de la cortadora, anular garantias, y presentar un peligro de seguridad. Use partes
de cortadora auténticas de RHINO por economía y seguridad. (SPRM-1 SP)
CONTACTE A SU DISTRIBUIDOR RHINO
NOTA: Si necessita un manual completamente en español por favor de ponerse en contacto a;
Translations, dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529
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© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS CON EL MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO
SEGURIDAD
MANTENGA LOS IMPLEMENTOS EN BUENAS CONDICIONES DE FUNCIONAMIENTO, A TRAVÉS DE UN
SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN O MANTENIMIENTO APROPIADO.
ANTES DE REALIZAR TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
ASEGURE EL EQUIPO PARA EL SERVICIO
BLOQUE LOS RIESGOS POTENCIALES DE ENERGÍA;piezas giratorias, componentes levantados, presión hidráulica.
•
APAGUE EL MOTOR Y EL PTO, coloque el freno de mano, descienda el implemento, espere a que se detengan todas las partes
móviles y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor.
•
COLOQUE el implemento sobre el suelo o trabe de manera segura los equipos elevados. Utilice bloques grandes sobre suelo
blando o húmedo.
•
CIERRE FIRMEMENTE Y TRABE las alas del implemento levantado.
•
TRABE LA LENGUA DEL IMPLEMENTO con bloques grandes y el gato de remolque. NO gateé o trabajar debajo del implemento
solo sostenido por el gato de remolque.
•
EMPUJE y JALE la palanca del Cilindro Hidráulico Remoto para liberar la presión hidráulica.
•
DESCONECTE las mangueras hidráulicas de implemento del tractor.
•
DESCONECTE la línea de conducción del IMPLEMENTO del EJE DE PTO del tractor.
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD y GUANTES PROTECTORES y siga todos los PROCEDIMIENTOS DE SEGURIDAD al realizar
tareas de servicio, reparación y mantenimiento sobre el implemento:
•
Siempre USE GUANTES protectores al manipular las hojas, cuchillas, bordes filosos o un componente desgastado con bordes
filosos.
•
Siempre USE GUANTES y GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD al reparar componentes en caliente
•
EVITE EL CONTACTO con tanques de aceite hidráulico, bombas, motores, válvulas y superficies de conexión de mangueras
calientes.
•
SUJETE FIRMEMENTE o TRABE EN POSICIÓN ELEVADA todos los implementos, bastidores y componentes elevados antes de
trabajar sobre los equipos que se encuentran debajo.
•
DETENGA el movimiento de todos los implementos y APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR antes de realizar ninguna tarea.
•
USE una escalera o gradas elevadas para alcanzar áreas altas del equipo a las que no se pueda acceder desde la tierra.
•
ASEGÚRESE de estar bien apoyado sobre superficies sólidas planas al subirse al implemento para realizar tareas.
•
SIGA las instrucciones del fabricante sobre cómo manipular los lubricantes, solventes, limpiadores y otros agentes químicos.
•
NO cambie ninguna calibración hidráulica de fábrica para evitar fallas de los componentes o equipos.
•
NO modifique o altere el implemento, las funciones o componentes.
•
NO SUELDE o repare los componentes de la cortadora. Esto puede causar vibraciones y fallas de los componentes que se
desprendan de la cortadora.
REALICE LAS TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN, LUBRICACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO QUE SE DESCRIBEN EN LA
SECCIÓN DE MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
•
INSPECCIONE el implemento para detectar sujeciones sueltas, partes gastadas o rotas, ajustes sueltos o con filtraciones, que los
pasadores tengan chavetas y arandelas, y las partes móviles para detectar el desgaste.
•
REEMPLACE todas las partes gastadas o rotas con repuestos autorizados.
•
LUBRIQUE la unidad tal como se especifica en el cronograma de lubricación.
•
NUNCA lubrique, ajuste o quite material mientras el equipo está en funcionamiento o movimiento.
•
AJUSTE todas las tuercas y pernos tal como se especifica.
INSPECCIÓN DE CUCHILLAS:
•
REEMPLACE las cuchillas dobladas, dañadas, agrietadas o rotas inmediatamente por cuchillas nuevas.
•
EVITE fallas de las cuchillas y que vuelen trozos de cuchillas. NO enderece, suelde o suelde con superficies rígidas.
INSPECCIÓN DE PROTECTORES DE SEGURIDAD, GUARDAS Y DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD:
•
MANTENGA en su lugar y en buen estado todos los deflectores, protectores de cadena, protectores de acero, cubiertas de caja de
engranajes, cubiertas integrales de PTO, bandas, faldones laterales y zapatas antideslizantes.
•
REEMPLACE cualquier protector, cubierta o dispositivo de seguridad faltante, roto o gastado.
•
El escape del motor, al igual que algunos de sus componentes, y determinados elementos del vehículo contienen o emiten agentes
químicos que el estado de California ha determinado que causan cáncer, defectos de nacimiento y otros daños reproductivos.
Las terminales de baterías y los accesorios relacionados contienen plomo y componentes de plomo, que el estado de California ha
determinado son químicos que causan cáncer, defectos de nacimiento u otros daños reproductivos. PN HM01 SP
•
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS EN TRANSPORTE
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EQUIPOS:
•
MANTENGA la velocidad de transporte POR DEBAJO DE 20 millas por hora para mantener el control del equipo.
•
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD en terreno inclinado, en las curvas y en condiciones de remolque desfavorables.
•
NO REMOLQUE camiones u otros vehículos
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado en función del equipo de remolque.
•
SIGA todas las reglamentaciones de tránsito locales.
REQUISITOS DEL TRACTOR PARA REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR IMPLEMENTOS:
•
SÓLO TRANSPORTE en el tractor con el mecanismo ROPS (antivuelco) en posición elevada.
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado, que supere el peso del implemento en al menos un 20%
•
MANTENGA EL 20% del peso del tractor en las ruedas frontales para mantener la dirección en forma segura.
ANTES DE TRANSPORTAR O REMOLCAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
INSPECCIÓN DEL TRACTOR:
•
VERIFIQUE la dirección y los frenos para asegurarse el correcto funcionamiento y las condiciones adecuadas.
•
VERIFIQUE LLEVAR EL AVISO DE SMV, los reflectores y las luces de advertencia para la adecuada operación y
visibilidad detrás de la unidad.
•
VERIFIQUE que no haya impedimentos a la visión mientras conduce, en el tractor, la cabina o el implemento,
sentado en el asiento del tractor.
•
AJUSTE su posición de conducción, los espejos y el transporte del implemento para tener una visión clara para
condiciones de conducción y tránsito.
PREPARE EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL TRANSPORTE O EL REMOLQUE:
•
DESAPLIQUE EL PTO
•
ELEVE LA CORTADORA
•
QUITE todo material cortado que se acumule en la plataforma de la cortadora.
CORTADORA AL REMOLQUE-INSTALE TRABAS DE TRANSPORTE Y CADENA DE SEGURIDAD:
•
INSTALE los paradores o pernos de transporte en el cilindro de eje central.
•
AJUSTE LA CADENA DE SEGURIDAD del implemento al tractor.
DETERMINAR LAS CARACTERÍSTICAS DE DETENCIÓN DEL TRACTOR Y EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL
TRANSPORTE O REMOLQUE:
PRUEBAS DE FRENADO:
•
FRENE a velocidades en aumento.
•
Observe las distancias de DETENCIÓN con el aumento de velocidad.
•
DETERMINE la velocidad de transporte máxima segura que no supere las 20 millas por hora
DETERMINE LA VELOCIDAD DE GIRO MÁXIMA ANTES DE OPERAR EN CARRETERAS O TERRENO
IRREGULAR:
•
PONGA A PRUEBA el equipo aumentando lentamente la velocidad en las curvas para determinar si se puede
operar a mayor velocidad.
•
USE MENORES velocidades de giro en las curvas pronunciadas para evitar el vuelco.
AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EL EQUIPO:
•
Siempre USE EL CINTURÓN DE SEGURIDAD al operar o transportar la cortadora.
•
USE bajas velocidades para evitar el vuelco con el implemento elevado.
•
USE bajas velocidades y dirección gradual en las curvas, colinas, o en superficies irregulares o poco uniformes, y en
carreteras mojadas.
ENCIENDA LAS BALIZAS DE ADVERTENCIA del tractor.
TENGA EN CUENTA el espacio necesario para el vaivén del implemento en las curvas. PN TH02 SP
•
•
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SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS ELÉCTRICOS Y DE FUEGO
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO ELÉCTRICO AL
TRABAJAR CERCA DE CABLES ELÉCTRICOS, LÍNEAS DE GAS Y DE SERVICIOS:
•
INSPECCIONE el área de corte para que no interfiera con cables de alimentación eléctricos subterráneos,
obstrucciones, líneas de gas, cables y servicios, estructuras municipales o de otro tipo.
•
MANTENGA todas las alas elevadas a 3 metros (10 pies) o una mayor distancia de todos los cables de
alimentación y obstrucciones elevadas.
•
NO ponga en contacto la cortadora con ninguna estructura u obstrucción de servicios o municipales.
•
LLAME AL 811 y al 1-800-258-0808 para identificar cables de servicios subterráneos.
PAUTAS DE PREVENCIÓN DE INCENDIOS durante la operación, reparación y servicio de la cortadora y el
tractor, a fin de reducir el riesgo de incendio del equipo y de la vegetación:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
El tractor debe estar EQUIPADO CON MATAFUEGOS
NO OPERE la cortadora sobre un tractor equipado con escape debajo del bastidor
NO FUME ni acerque fuego directo a la cortadora o el tractor
NO CONDUZCA sobre residuos encendidos o en áreas recientemente quemadas
EVITE LA FORMACIÓN DE CHISPAS al no permitir que la hoja de la cortadora entre en contacto con objetos
sólidos como metal o roca.
AJUSTE LOS EMBRAGUES DESLIZANTES para evitar el deslizamiento excesivo y el calentamiento de la
placa del embrague.
LIMPIE todo resto de hierba o residuo acumulado alrededor de las líneas de conducción de la cortadora, los
embragues deslizantes y cajas de cambios.
APAGUE EL MOTOR al cargar combustible. PN EF02 SP
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DEL CONTACTO A LAS CUCHILLAS DE CORTADORA
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS DE LAS CUCHILLAS GIRATORIAS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES
O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO CON LA CUCHILLA:
•
•
•
•
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE LAS MANOS, LOS PIES y EL CUERPO a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas
de conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
NO ponga las manos o los pies debajo de las plataformas de la cortadora
DETENGA las CUCHILLAS giratorias antes de elevar la plataforma de la cortadora o las alas
DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio. PN MB01 SP
RIESGO DE FILTRACION DE ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR PENETRACIÓN DE FILTRACIONES DE
ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN:
•NO OPERE el equipo con filtraciones de aceite o combustible.
•
MANTENGA todas las mangueras hidráulicas, líneas y conexiones en BUEN ESTADO y AJUSTADAS antes de
aplicar presión al sistema.
•
LIBERE LA PRESIÓN HIDRÁULICA antes de desconectar las líneas o trabajar en el sistema.
•
QUITE y reemplace la manguera si sospecha que tiene filtraciones. Solicite al distribuidor que verifique si hay
filtraciones.
LAS FILTRACIONES DE LÍQUIDO DE ALTA PRESIÓN PUEDEN NO SER VISIBLES.
AL VERIFICAR FILTRACIONES HIDRÁULICAS Y TRABAJAR CERCA DE LOS SISTEMAS HIDRÁULICOS:
•
SIEMPRE USE gafas de seguridad y guantes impenetrables.
•
USE papel o cartón para verificar si hay filtraciones.
•
NO USE las manos o partes del cuerpo para detectar filtraciones.
•
MANTENGA las manos y el cuerpo LEJOS de los orificios de clavijas y boquillas de eyección de fluido hidráulico.
•
El fluido hidráulico puede causar gangrena si no es extirpado quirúrgicamente de inmediato por un médico
especializado en este tipo de lesiones. PN HP01 SP
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SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ENREDO POR EL PTO
SEGURIDAD
MANTÉNGASE ALEJADO DE LAS LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN Y OTROS ELEMENTOS
GIRATORIOS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE:
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE las manos, los pies y el cuerpo a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas de
conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
•
•
DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio.
LOS ELEMENTOS GIRATORIOS SIGUEN ROTANDO una vez apagada la PTO.
PROTECCIÓN DE LA PTO:
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR ENREDO AL OPERAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
•
•
•
•
MANTENGA instalados los protectores, las cubiertas integrales de las líneas de conducción y las cubiertas de
entrada
NO OPERE la cortadora si los protectores o cubiertas no están bien colocados o faltan.
REEMPLACE O REPÁRELOS si faltan, están dañados o rotos
SIEMPRE REEMPLACE LOS PROTECTORES que se han quitado para tareas de reparación o mantenimiento.
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
•
•
•
•
•
•
VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios
del implemento.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de PTO.
EVITE hacer curvas pronunciadas o elevar la cortadora a alturas que puedan hacer caer la línea de conducción.
Lubrique los componentes telescópicos del eje de transmisión en forma semanal.
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de
PTO del tractor:
•
NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE PTO.
El uso de un adaptador de PTO puede causar vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de las cuchillas y el
implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la velocidad operativa. El aumento de la longitud de trabajo
puede exponer áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción. PN PE01 SP
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ATROPELLO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR O ATROPELLO
DEL EQUIPO:
•
•
•
•
•
•
USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para las
operaciones de corte.
MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
SÓLO ENCIENDA el tractor sentado en el asiento del tractor.
SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
NUNCA LLEVE A OTRAS PERSONAS en el tractor o implemento.
AL SUBIR Y BAJAR DEL TRACTOR:
•
•
• SÓLO suba o baje del tractor cuando éste y sus partes móviles estén detenidos.
• APAGUE EL MOTOR Y LA TDF, coloque el freno de mano, descienda del implemento, espere a que se detengan
todas las partes móviles y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor. PN RO01 SP
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SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS Continuado
NO opere la cortadora con la(s) ala(s) elevada(s) o en posición de transporte.
•
AJUSTE LA ALTURA de corte para EVITAR EL CONTACTO DE LAS CUCHILLAS con objetos sólidos,
como alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes y obstrucciones fijas.
•
AJUSTE las secciones de la cortadora o la ala cercana y paralela al suelo sin exponer las cuchillas
•
USE CABINAS DE TRACTOR CERRADAS cuando haya dos o más cortadoras operando en un mismo
sector..
•
NO exceda la capacidad de corte nominal de la cortadora, ni corte elementos que no sean vegetación.
•
NO ENCIENDA EL PTO con la cortadora en posición de transporte.
•
1. DETENGA EL PTO y retroceda la cortadora.
2. DESCIENDA la cortadora, encienda el PTO y corte hacia adelante.
DETENGA EL PTO y las CUCHILLAS al elevar el implemento o la cortadora a posición de transporte.
•
EVITE OPERAR LA CORTADORA en reversa:
•
1. LAS CUCHILLAS PUEDEN FALLAR con el impacto y los objetos pueden ser arrojados a gran
velocidad.
2. INSPECCIONE y REEMPLACE las cuchillas dañadas.
3. VERIFIQUE el equilibrio del porta cuchillas y REEMPLÁCELO si está dañado.
NO opere la cortadora en agua PARA EVITAR una posible FALLA DE LAS CUCHILLAS.
•
SEGURIDAD
OPERACIÓN DE LA CORTADORA:
DETENGA LA CORTADORA de inmediato si las cuchillas entran en contacto con objetos pesados,
estructuras fijas, guardarrailes de metal y estructuras de cemento:
•
DETENGA la cortadora cuando se produzca VIBRACIÓN EXCESIVA:
•
1. DETENGA EL PTO Y EL MOTOR del tractor.
2. INSPECCIONE la cortadora para detectar la fuente de la vibración
3. REEMPLACE toda parte dañada o las CUCHILLAS dobladas o dañadas.
172 08/12
PN TO02-X SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-7
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS
LAS CORTADORAS GIRATORIAS PUEDEN ARROJAR OBJETOS A 90 METROS (300 PIES) O MÁS EN
CONDICIONES ADVERSAS.
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL OPERADOR O TRANSEÚNTES COMO CONSECUENCIA DE OBJETOS
ARROJADOS:
•
MANTENGA a los transeúntes a 100 metros de distancia (300 pies)
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA SI HAY PERSONAS A MENOS DE 100 METROS(300 PIES), SALVO QUE:
•
Todos los PROTECTORES CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS estén colocados y en buen funcionamiento al operar la cortadora,
entre los que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de acero, las bandas, los
faldones laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
•
Las partes de la cortadora o la ala estén ajustadas cerca y paralelas al suelo, sin exponer las cuchillas.
•
Se ha inspeccionado el ÁREA DE CORTE y se han quitado todos los materiales extraños y residuos.
•
LOS TRANSEÚNTES estén en el interior de un vehículo cerrado.
ANTES DE OPERAR LA CORTADORA, INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR LA POSIBILIDAD DE OBJETOSQUE
PUEDAN SER LANZADOS:
•
QUITE residuos, piedras, cables, alambres, objetos metálicos y cualquier otro objetos extraños del área.
Los alambres, cables, sogas, cadenas y objetos metálicos pueden ser arrojados o salir desprendidos de la plataforma a gran
velocidad:
1. MARQUE los objetos que no se puedan quitar.
2. EVITE estos objetos cuando use la cortadora.
INSPECCIÓN DEL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR HIERBA ALTA Y MALEZAS:
•
INSPECCIONE Y QUITE cualquier residuo oculto de gran tamaño.
•
PASE LA CORTADORA a una altura intermedia
•
INSPECCIONE y quite el residuo restante
•
PASE LA CORTADORA a la altura final
PROTECCIÓN CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS DE LA CORTADORA:
•
MANTENGA todos los protectores contra objetos arrojados en su lugar y en buen funcionamiento al operar la cortadora, entre los
que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de acero, las bandas, los faldones
laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
•
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA si falta algún protector contra objetos arrojados, o si éstos están dañados.
DERECHO DE PASO (autopista) CON LA CORTADORA
•
UTILICE PROTECTORES DE CADENA DOBLES para autopistas, derecho de paso, parques o cortes en cinturón verde donde
pueda haber viviendas, vehículos o ganado dentro de los 100 metros (300 pies) de la cortadora.
•
Ninguna protección ofrece una eficacia del 100% en la prevención de objetos arrojados. Para reducir la posibilidad de que se produzcan lesiones:
1. MANTENGA LOS PROTECTORES DE LA CORTADORA, los faldones laterales, la zapatas antideslizantes y las cuchillas en
buen estado de funcionamiento,
2. ELEVE LA ALTURA DE CORTE a 15 CM (6 PULGADAS) como mínimo,
3. INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA con cuidado antes de pasar la cortadora para ELIMINAR el posible riesgo de OBJETOS
ARROJADOS,
NUNCA PERMITA QUE LAS CUCHILLAS EN MOVIMIENTO ENTREN EN CONTACTO CON OBJETOS SÓLIDOS como
alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes o el suelo. PN TO02 SP
4.
172 08/12
Sección de Seguridad 1-6
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE APLASTAMIENTO
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR UNA LESIÓN GRAVE O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR, O EL APLASTAMIENTO,
VUELCO Y APLASTAMIENTO DE UN EQUIPO POR LA CAÍDA DE UNA ALA O UN IMPLEMENTO:
•
USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para las operaciones de
corte.
•
MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
•
SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
•
SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
AL ELEVAR O DESCENDER EL IMPLEMENTO:
•
Eleve o descienda SÓLO CUANDO ESTÉ SENTADO en el asiento del tractor, con el cinturón de seguridad ajustado.
•
Eleve o descienda SÓLO cuando la lengüeta del implemento esté firmemente ajustada a la barra de tracción del tractor
PARA EVITAR el vuelco del implemento.
•
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES FUERA del área de operación PARA EVITAR accidentes por aplastamiento.
Los equipos ELEVADOS se pueden caer por fallas mecánicas o hidráulicas o por un movimiento inesperado de la palanca de
control.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA DEL EQUIPO al trabajar cerca o debajo de los componentes o implementos
elevados por un enganche de tractor de 3 puntos:
•
SUJETE CON FIRMEZA o bloquee en posición vertical todos los equipos, alas y componentes elevados.
•
BLOQUEE EN POSICIÓN VERTICAL y sujete con firmeza el equipo antes de poner las manos, los pies o el cuerpo debajo
de los equipos o componentes elevados.
AL ESTACIONAR el implemento y el tractor:
•
•
DESCIENDA el implemento, TRABE o BLOQUEE las partes elevadas antes de alejarse del equipo.
NUNCA deje un implemento sin atención en posición elevada.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA O EL APLASTAMIENTO DE NIÑOS POR EL EQUIPO:
•
NUNCA DEJE que los niños jueguen sobre el tractor o los implementos, ni en sus alrededores.
WHEN UNHITCHING IMPLEMENT:
AL DESENGANCHAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
•
•
•
•
DESCIENDA el implemento, TRABE o BLOQUEE las partes elevadas antes de alejarse del equipo.
USE el gato de la lengüeta para controlar el movimiento de la lengüeta del implemento
USE el GATO de le lengüeta para elevar lengüetas de implementos pesados.
EVITE recargar el gato para evitar falla al gato y una lesión al operador. PN CH02 SP
172 08/12
Sección de Seguridad 1-5
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD DE CONECTAR O DESCONECTAR IMPLEMENTO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR APLASTAMIENTO POR EL TRACTOR O
IMPLEMENTO:
•
•
AL DAR MARCHA ATRÁS el tractor hacia el enganche del implemento:
NO PERMITA QUE HAYA PERSONAS entre el tractor y el implemento
ANTES de conectar y desconectar el enganche del implemento:
•
APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR, coloque la palanca en “estacionar", ponga el freno de mano y saque la llave.
Al conectar y desconectar el enganche del implemento:
•
•
•
NO se agache o camine debajo de la cortadora o la ala en posición elevada.
USE el GATO con lengüeta para elevar lengüetas de implementos pesados a fin de controlar el movimiento de la lengüeta del
implemento.
EVITE recargar el gato para evitar una falla de éste y una lesión al operador.
AL CONECTAR LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN DEL IMPLEMENTO:
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción del implemento se suelte durante la operación:
•
•
•
LUBRIQUE el anillo de cierre del resorte del yugo para asegurarse de que se deslice libremente sobre el eje de PTO
ASEGURE las bolas de cierre del yugo en la muesca del eje de PTO.
PRESIONE y JALE DE LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN del EJE DE TOMA DE FUERZA(PTO) del tractor y del implemento para
asegurarse de que estén FIRMEMENTE SUJETADOS
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
•
•
•
•
•
VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios del implemento.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de PTO.
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de TDF del tractor:
•
•
•
•
NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE PTO.
El uso de un adaptador de PTO puede ocasionar:
Vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de la hoja y el implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la velocidad operativa.
Mayor extensión de trabajo, lo que deja expuestas áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción e implica el riesgo de enredo con
otros objetos.
NO conecte la cortadora a un tractor con la TDF directamente conectada a la transmisión del tractor.
172 08/12
PN CD02 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-4
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD DEL OPERADOR
LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA las instrucciones del Manual del Operador, al igual que las Advertencias y Mensajes de
Seguridad.
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD, calzado protector, casco, protección auditiva y guantes al operar o reparar el equipo
USE un aparato de respiración apropiado al operar en condiciones polvorientas a fin de evitar contraer
enfermedades respiratorias.
NO USE prendas sueltas o joyas que se puedan enredar con las partes giratorias y causar una lesión.
NO CONSUMA DROGAS o ALCOHOL antes o durante la operación del equipo.
NO PERMITA que nadie opere el equipo bajo los efectos negativos de las drogas o el alcohol.
CONSULTE a un médico para conocer los efectos desfavorables de la medicación sobre los sentidos.
MANTÉNGASE ALERTA, la operación prolongada puede causar fatiga. HAGA UNA PAUSA y DESCANSE.
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE, SIGA LAS SIGUIENTES INSTRUCCIONES:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SEGURIDAD DE OPERACIÓN GENERAL
CONDICIONES DE VISIBILIDAD AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
•
•
OPERE LA CORTADORA CON LUZ SOLAR o con luz que aporte una visibilidad nítida de más de 90 metros (100
yardas).
DEBE PODER VISUALIZAR e identificar transeúntes, terrenos empinados, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones
elevadas, cables de alimentación, residuos y objetos extraños.
VELOCIDAD RESPECTO AL SUELO AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
•
•
•
El rango de VELOCIDAD NORMAL es de entre 2 y 5 millas por hora.
AJUSTE LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE según las condiciones del terreno y el tipo de césped, la densidad y la altura
del corte.
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE al acercarse a inclinaciones empinadas, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones
elevadas, cables de alimentación y para evitar residuos y objetos extraños.
INFESTACIÓN CON INSECTOS
•
No opere en áreas susceptibles al ataque de abejas o insectos, salvo que USE PRENDAS PROTECTORAS o una
cabina de tractor cerrada.
VELOCIDAD DE PTO:
•
•
NO EXCEDA LA VELOCIDAD DE PTO NOMINAL DEL IMPLEMENTO
EVITE superar las velocidades nominales de PTO, porque puede causar roturas en la línea de conducción o fallas
de las cuchillas.
SEÑALES DE SEGURIDAD:
•
REEMPLACE cualquier señal de seguridad faltante, dañada o ilegible. PN OS01 SP
172 08/12
Sección de Seguridad 1-3
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD Y PRÁCTICAS GENERALES
El mejor operador es un operador cuidadoso. La seguridad es de importancia fundamental para el fabricante,
y también debería serlo para el propietario u operador. La mayoría de los accidentes se pueden evitar
prestando suma atención al equipo, al ambiente circundante, y tomando algunas precauciones. La primera
sección de este manual incluye una lista de Mensajes de Seguridad que deben observarse para contribuir a
la protección del operador y otras personas frente a lesiones o la muerte. Lea con atención estos Mensajes
de Seguridad antes de ensamblar, operar o reparar este Implemento. Este equipo sólo debe ser operado por
personas que hayan leído el manual, responsables y calificadas, que sepan cómo hacerlo de manera
responsable.
El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad se utiliza en combinación con una Señal Verbal, tal como la
que se muestra a continuación, en todo este manual y en los autoadhesivos adheridos a los
equipos. El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad significa:
“¡ATENCIÓN! ¡MANTÉNGASE ALERTA! ¡SU SEGURIDAD ESTÁ EN JUEGO!” El Símbolo y
la Señal Verbal tienen el objetivo de advertir al propietario/operador sobre un riesgo inminente y
el grado de lesión que se puede producir al operar este equipo.
Adopte todas las medidas habituales para trabajar en forma segura y, sobre
todo, recuerde que la seguridad depende de USTED. Sólo USTED puede
impedir una lesión grave o la muerte a causa de prácticas no seguras.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, OCASIONARÁ la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR
UNA LESIÓN MENOR.
Identifica instrucciones o procedimientos específicos que, de no observarse
estrictamente, podrían ocasionar daños o la destrucción de la maquinaria, los accesorios
o el entorno.
NOTA: Identifica aspectos de particular interés para lograr una operación o reparación más eficiente y
conveniente.
LEA CON ATENCIÓN Y RESPETE los siguientes Mensajes de Seguridad. Si no se
siguen cuidadosamente las advertencias e instrucciones indicadas en este Manual y en
los Mensajes de Seguridad del implemento, se pueden producir lesiones graves o la
muerte. Siempre siga las instrucciones de este manual y use el sentido común para evitar
situaciones peligrosas.
NOTA: Si desea obtener una traducción de esta sección de seguridad en alguno de los siguientes idiomas,
comuníquese con: Translations, a la dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 3729529; La Sección de Seguridad está disponible en español, portugués, francés, alemán, ruso. PN GS01 SP
172 08/12
Sección de Seguridad 1-2
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
SECCIÓN DE SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-1
Instrucciones de operaciones antes de la entrega del DISTRIBUIDOR al CLIENTE
El distribuidor deberá informar al comprador de este producto las condiciones, disposiciones y procedimientos de
garantía aplicables; informar la responsabilidad del comprador de capacitar a sus operadores para la operación
segura; revisar el contenido del Manual del Operador, incluido el equipo de seguridad, la operación segura y el
mantenimiento; y revisar las Señales de Seguridad que se encuentran en el implemento (y en el tractor, de ser
posible).
IMPLEMENTOS PLEGABLES: He explicado que no es posible proteger contra objetos arrojados cuando el
cabezal está elevado del suelo y que el operador es responsable de verificar que no existan personas en las
inmediaciones. He explicado que el brazo o cabezal de cortadora elevado puede entrar en contacto con
obstrucciones elevados y dañar cables y líneas telefónicas, y posiblemente causar lesiones. He explicado que
el brazo o cabezal extendido, o el brazo retraído, puede entrar en contacto con cables de alimentación y
causar lesiones o la muerte por electrocución, y que el operador es responsable de evitar dichos riesgos.
•
MÁQUINAS HIDRÁULICAS: He explicado la necesidad de usar aceite hidráulico limpio, cambiar los filtros
según las instrucciones, detener filtraciones, prevenir daños por operar con aceite demasiado caliente, cuidar
las mangueras, usar mangueras del tipo correcto, mantener la presión operativa especificada y prevenir el
posible riesgo de que el aceite penetre en la piel.
•
LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN: Me he asegurado de que todos los protectores de líneas de conducción, de caja
de engranajes y otros están en buenas condiciones de reparación y firmemente sujetados para prevenir
lesiones por enredo u objetos arrojados.
•
IMPLEMENTOS: He explicado que los deflectores, protectores de cadena o faldones sólidos se deben
mantener en buenas condiciones de reparación y se deben instalar, excepto en zonas donde personas,
vehículos, ganado u otros bienes no corran peligro por objetos arrojados, y en los casos en que dichos
equipos de seguridad impedirían un desempeño razonable de la cortadora en su tarea asignada.
•
SERVICIO ANTES DE LA ENTREGA
VERIFIQUE Y AJUSTE O LUBRIQUE SEGÚN SEA NECESARIO
Consulte los detalles en el Manual del Operador
Inspección realizada – Garantía y procedimientos de seguridad explicados – Instalación realizada
LUBRICACIÓN E HIDRÁULICA
CONEXIONES DE CORTADORA A TRACTOR
 Caja de engranajes (niveles de aceite)
 Longitud de barra de enganche (verificar y fijar)
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico (tanque externo)
 Pivote y conexiones de bastidor en A
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico del tractor
 Barras de control (ajustadas iguales)
 Mangueras hidráulicas (no retorcidas y ajustadas)
 Altura de eje (ajustar)
 Propulsor de bomba frontal (conjunto ajustado y eje bien  Altura de corte (ajustar)
alineado)
 Verificación de pre-operación de kit de montaje
 Aleta de cortadora (ajustar nivel con el centro)
CORTADORA
 Aleta de cortadora (verificar operación de elevación cor Pernos de husillo y motor bien ajustados
recta)
 Nivel de aceite del husillo
 Líneas de conducción C.V. (verificar radio de giro máx.)
 Pernos de porta cuchillas bien ajustados/pasadores de  Enganche de tracción (ajuste de altura)
retención colocados
 Piezas metálicas de montaje bien ajustadas
 Nivel y altura de corte de la cortadora ajustados
ELEMENTOS DE SEGURIDAD
 Cojinetes del eje de corte lubricados
 Todas las piezas metálicas bien ajustadas
 Protectores (operación e instalación)
 Presión de aire y neumáticos/tuercas de rueda (bien
 Embrague de línea de conducción (limitador de ajuste)
ajustadas)
(ajustar y poner en marcha)
 Cojinetes de rueda (verificar, engrasar y hacer carga pre-  Autoadhesivos de seguridad (colocados)
via)
 Manual del Operador (entregado)
 Protector de TDF del tractor (instalado)
ACCESORIOS E INSTALACIÓN
 Emblema S.M.V. (instalado de ser necesario)
 Deflectores frontales y traseros
 Gato con lengüeta (instalación y operación)
 Accesorios de trituración
 Cadena de remolque de seguridad (instalada)
 Sentido de giro de las hojas correcto
 Manual de Seguridad de Línea de Conducción ADMA
 Vigas y brazos de eje
(entregado)
 Lengüeta y barras de control (instaladas y ajustadas)
 Manual de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM (entregado en
 Todos los pernos, pasadores y tuercas (ajuste correcto) porta manual)
 Se mostró el Video de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM al
comprador
Alamo Group Ag. Division está dispuesto a suministrar un (1) Video de
Prácticas de Seguridad para Cortadoras AEM
Por favor enviar:
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato VHS
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato DVD
Manual del Operador de la Cortadora
Manual de Seguridad del Operador de la Cortadora AEM
Nombre del solicitante:______________________________Teléfono:_________________
Dirección del solicitante:_________________________________
Ciudad:__________________________________
Estado:__________________________________
Código postal:_____________________________
Modelo de cortadora:___________________ Número de serie:_______________________
Fecha de compra:______________________Vendedor del distribuidor:________________
Nombre del distribuidor:_________________ Dirección del distribuidor:________________
Enviar por correo a:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
O enviar por fax a:
(830) 372-9529
O enviar por correo electrónico a:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
A fin de reducir la tasa de accidentes y mejorar la operación segura de las cortadoras, Alamo Group Ag Division se
ha asociado con otros fabricantes de la industria para desarrollar el video y la guía de Prácticas de Seguridad para
Cortadoras Industriales y Agrícolas AEM/FEMA.
El video explica a los operadores de tractores y cortadoras las prácticas seguras que deben adoptar cuando
utilizan cortadoras industriales y agrícolas. Es importante que todos los operadores de cortadoras aprendan cómo
operar sus equipos de corte y puedan reconocer los posibles peligros que pueden surgir al operar una cortadora.
Este video, en conjunto con el manual del operador de la cortadora y los mensajes de advertencia que se
encuentran en la cortadora, serán muy útiles para complementar este aprendizaje tan importante.
Es posible que su distribuidor autorizado de Rhino le haya mostrado este video y le haya entregado una copia en
DVD cuando adquirió su cortadora. Si usted o algún operador de cortadora no vio el video: mire el video, lea este
Manual del Operador, y complete la Guía del Video antes de operar su cortadora nueva. Si no comprende alguna
de las instrucciones del video o del manual del operador, o si tiene alguna pregunta acerca de la operación segura,
comuníquese con su supervisor, con el distribuidor o con Alamo Group Ag.
Si desea recibir una copia del video en VHS, envíe un mensaje de correo electrónico a AEMVideo@alamogroup.com o un fax al (830) 372-9529, o envíe por correo una copia rellenada del formulario que se encuentra al
dorso de esta página a AEM VHS Video 1502 E Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155, y solicite la versión en VHS.
Indique su nombre, dirección postal, modelo de cortadora y número de serie.
Cada uno de los operadores debe recibir capacitación para cada equipo (tractor y cortadora), comprender el uso
previsto, y comprender los posibles peligros antes de operar el equipo.
La informacion y material mecionado en la informacion anterior junto con el Manual de Operador puede asistir en
cumplir con los requisitos de OSHA para el entrenamiento anual del Operador.
REQUISITOS DE ENTRENAMIENTO DEL OSHA
Los seguientes requisitos de entrenamiento se an tomoda del Titulo 29, código de la pieza de regulaciones
federales 1928.57 (a) (6). www.osha.gov
Instrucciones del operador. A la hora de la asignación inicial y por lo menos anualmente después de eso, el
empleador mandará a cada empleado quien opera un tractor agricola o implemento en las practicas de operación
segura y el mantenimiento de el equipo con el cual el empleado esté, o estará implicado y de cualquier otras
prácticas dictados por el ambiente laboral.
Al propietario/operador/distribuidor
Este Manual del Operador es una parte esencial de la operación segura de esta máquina y se debe mantener con
la unidad siempre. El implemento incluye un porta manual donde se puede guardar el manual de manera
adecuada. Si el manual se extravía o se daña, puede solicitar otra copia sin cargo a un distribuidor autorizado de
Rhino o descargarlo del sitio web de Rhino (www.servis-rhino.com).
ANTES DE COMENZAR LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA la información incluida en este manual, el Manual de
Seguridad de la Cortadora AEM y el manual del operador del tractor para conocer cómo operar la máquina y
realizar tareas de servicio correctamente. De lo contrario, podría sufrir lesiones u ocasionar lesiones a terceros.
Todos los implementos con partes móviles son potencialmente peligrosos. Cada esfuerzo ha sido hecho para
asegurar que la màquina esté segura, pero los operadores deben evitar entrar en prácticas peligrosas y seguir las
instrucciones escritas que son proporcionadas. El fabricante ha diseñado este implemento para ser usado con
todos sus equipos de seguridad correctamente sujetados para minimizar la probabilidad de accidentes.
LA SEGURIDAD PRIMERO. Lea con atención la totalidad de la sección de seguridad de este manual antes de
operar el equipo. No permita que nadie opere el equipo sin haber leído y comprendido la totalidad de este manual.
Comuníquese con el distribuidor si necesita explicación sobre alguna instrucción que no haya comprendido del
todo.
Los cuidados que brinde a su Implemento Rhino determinarán en gran medida su satisfacción con el desempeño
y la vida útil del equipo. Lea con atención y siga las instrucciones de este manual para comprender cabalmente su
nuevo implemento, su uso previsto, y sus requisitos de servicio.
Todas las referencias que se hacen en este manual a derecha, izquierda, frontal, trasero, arriba y abajo
corresponden a la perspectiva en el sentido del desplazamiento hacia delante con el implemento correctamente
sujetado al tractor.
La información sobre repuestos se encuentra por separado en el Manual de Partes. Las cortadoras Rhino utilizan
componentes del sistema equilibrados y coincidentes para porta cuchillas, cuchillas, ejes de corte, hojas, ganchos
para hojas, rodillos, componentes de los engranajes, y cojinetes. Estas partes se fabrican y se prueban según las
especificaciones de Rhino. Las partes compatibles no genuinas no siempre cumplen con estas especificaciones.
El uso de partes no genuinas puede perjudicar el desempeño de la cortadora, anular la garantía y presentar un
riesgo para la seguridad. Use partes genuinas Rhino para ahorrar dinero y maximizar la seguridad.
Para referencia futura, registre el número de modelo y el número de serie de RHINO que ha adquirido.
Fecha de compra:
Dueño
Teléfono
Distribuidor
Fecha de compra:
Número de serie
Placa de Número de serie
Publicado en 08/12
172
CORTADORA/TRITURADORA GIRATORIA
Parte nº. 00781398C
MANUAL DE OPERADOR
Este Manual del Operador es
una parte esencial de la
operación segura de esta
máquina y se debe mantener
con la unidad siempre. LEA,
ENTIENDA, y SIGA las
Instrucciones de Seguridad y
Operación contenidas en este
manual antes de operar el
equipo. C01-Cover SP_R
RHINO
Importantes
instrucciones de
operación y las
instrucciones de
seguridad se encuentran
en el video Cortacésped
Sobre Seguridad que se
puede acceder
instantáneamente en el
internet en:
www.algqr.com/rvs
®
1020 S. Sangamon Ave.
Gibson City, IL 60936
800-446-5158
Email: parts@servis-rhino.com
© 2012 Alamo Group Inc.
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