Safety Agency Listing - FE-2500
Information and Recommendations for the Engineer
Safety Agency Listing
Safety is a major concern when fans and blowers are
designed and manufactured. Any product sold for use
by the general public containing electrical components
must carry the Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL) listing
mark. Federal, state and local building codes also dictate that any electrically operated equipment sold for use
on a new public building must carry the UL listing mark.
Building inspectors will check for this mark on all electrically operated equipment. OSHA will look for this mark
during safety inspections in the workplace. Since its
founding in 1894, UL has played a key role in the U.S.
safety system. The UL mark has become America’s most
familiar safety symbol.
As the primary North American product safety organization and the leading developer of U.S. product
safety standards, UL participates internationally in the
harmonization of national product safety standards used
in countries around the world. UL is accredited by the
Standards Council of Canada (SCC), the Canadian
national organization responsible for accrediting product
testing and certification organizations for Canada. The
UL mark for Canada is officially accepted by authorities
in all the provinces and territories of Canada. UL is an
integral part of the Canadian safety system.
In December 1993, UL signed a landmark cooperative
assistance agreement with the Association Nacional de
Normalizacion y Certificacion del Sector Electrico (ANCE);
the first government accredited private sector standards
and product certification organization for electrical products in Mexico. UL can work with manufacturers anywhere in the world to help them obtain the NOM mark,
the certification mark required by Mexican regulations
and issued by ANCE for electrical products.
UL has been testing products for over 100 years.
That is longer than any other certification organization in
North America. UL marks have come to represent something unique, an organization that always puts public
safety first. UL will never adopt a practice or short cut
anything that may compromise product safety.
UL Standards
Fans and blowers fall under several standards.
UL507 – Standard for Safety for Electric Fans
1) These requirements cover:
a)Fans and blowers that circulate air, such as desk,
ceiling-suspended, and hassock fans;
b)Fans and blowers that ventilate air, such as attic,
wall-insert, ceiling-insert, household hood and
canopy types, and window fans;
c)Dryer type fans used for drying carpets or floors;
d)Evaporative coolers;
e)Air-filtering appliances;
f) Fan type deodorizers and air fresheners;
g)Component fans;
h)Low voltage component fans.
These products are rated 600 volts or less and are
intended to be employed in accordance with the National
Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70.
2) These requirements do not cover air heaters incorporating fans, heating- ventilating units, or blowers comprising components of such equipment as furnaces,
mechanical-refrigeration equipment, or air conditioners.
3) These requirements do not cover fusible links, and
the like, provided to disconnect a fan or close shutters
in the event of fire.
4) These requirements do not cover fans for use in
cooking areas when the fan is intended for other than
household use.
5) These requirements do not cover fans intended to be:
a) Used in hazardous locations as defined in the
National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70;
b)Installed over solvents or chemically flammable
liquids or vapors; or
c) Located in chemically corrosive environments.
6) These requirements do not cover humidifiers.
UL705 – Standard for Safety for Power Ventilators
1) These requirements cover power ventilators of the
roof and wall mounted types and duct fans of the
straight-through type intended for commercial or industrial use and for connection to permanently installed
wiring systems in accordance with the National Electrical
Code, NFPA 70.
2) These requirements do not cover the following:
a)Ventilating equipment such as attic, hood, or
canopy fans or blowers;
b)Air moving equipment with integral air tempering
c)Ventilators rated more than 600 volts;
d)Ventilators employing universal motors rated more
than 250 volts;
e)Air heaters equipped with fans;
f) Draft fans for furnaces;
g)Heating-ventilating units;
h)Blowers employed as components in equipment
such as furnaces, mechanical refrigeration equip ment or air conditioners;
i) Fusible links, and the like, that may be provided
to disconnect a fan or close shutters in the event
of fire;
j) Ventilators specifically intended for use in exhaust ing any of the following: gases other than air,
atmospheres causing corrosion to the ventilator, air
with water spray or flammable vapors;
k)Ventilators for the removal or conveyance of
dust, stock or refuse.
©2004 Twin City Fan Companies, Ltd.
UL762 – Power Roof Ventilators for Restaurant Exhaust
1) These requirements cover roof or wall mounted ventilators for restaurant exhaust appliances.
2) Power ventilators for restaurant exhaust appliances
covered by these requirements are intended for installation in accordance with the Standard of the National Fire
Protection Association for the installation of Equipment
for the removal of Smoke and Grease-Laden Vapors
from Commercial Cooking Equipment.
3) Power ventilators for restaurant appliances shall comply with ANSI/UL 705: Power Ventilators, modified in that
wiring system shall not be located in the path of travel
of exhaust products.
UL793 – Automatically Operated Roof Vents for Smoke
and Heat
1) These requirements cover automatically operated roof
vents for smoke and heat that fall into two general categories: mechanically-opened and gravity-opened.
Mechanically-opened vents consist primarily of a body
frame, one or more damper covers and hatches, and
operating mechanisms that generally include a heat
responsive device and spring(s). The vents covered by
these requirements are operated manually or automatically in the event of fire to remove smoke and heat from
the building. Automatic operation does not depend on
electrical power or other energy sources that may be
interrupted during a fire, but rather depends upon
operation of a heat responsive device or on the action
of a plastic cover shrinking and falling from place due
to fire exposure, or the like. These vents are not intended for use as general-purpose building ventilation
devices. Fans use the mechanically-opened type installed
on the discharge of a fan discharging air up and away
from the building.
A product that contains features, characteristics, components, materials or systems new or different from
those covered in these standards and involves a risk of
fire, electric shock, or injury to persons shall be evaluated using the appropriate additional component and
end product testing standards as determined necessary
to maintain an acceptable level of safety as originally
anticipated by the intent of the standards.
Canadian Standards
CSA C22.2 No. 100-95 Motors and Generators
1) This standard applies to electric motors and generators for installation and use, in accordance with the rules
of the Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1, in nonhazardous
2) Clause 7 – AC and DC motors (including universal
motors), in IEC frame size 80 and smaller.
Clause 8 – AC motors (including universal motors) in IEC
frame sizes 90 to 280 inclusive and rated 750 V and
less. Clause 9 – AC motors rated over 750 V or in IEC
frame size 315 and larger.
Clause 10 – all DC motors in IEC frame size 90 and
Clause 12 – Inverter duty variable speed AC motors.
3) This standard provides basic requirements for motors
and does not exclude any additional requirements given
in other Standards of the Canadian Electrical Code.
4) This standard does not apply to:
a)sealed (hermetic) type motors such as those used
in refrigerant compressors
b)electric motors for use in aircraft, marine service installations, drives for land transportation equip ment or motors used in underground mining.
CSA C22.2 No. 113-M1984 Fans and Ventilators
1) This standard applies to cord connected and permanently connected fans and ventilators intended to be
connected to supply circuits of 600 V and less, for use
in nonhazardous locations and intended to be used in
accordance with the Rules of the Canadian Electrical
Code, Part 1.
2) This Standard applies to fans and ventilators for ventilating or exhaust purposes and filter units consisting of
an air circulating fan and a mechanical filter.
3) This standard applies to fans and ventilators of the
air circulating type such as desk, pedestal, hassock,
utility, suitcase and pendent ceiling fans.
4) This standard applies to fans and ventilators of the
ventilating type such as wall insert, ceiling insert, attic,
household hoods, or canopy and window fans.
5) This standard does not apply to air conditioning
equipment, electric air heaters, fan coil units, humidifiers,
evaporative coolers, or electrostatic air cleaners.
UL has developed more than 800 standards for
safety. They also have been accredited by the Standards
Council of Canada to test products to Canadian standards and authorize the use of the UL mark for Canada
(cUL). UL tests more than 14,000 products every year.
UL uses many other agencies and standards to help
guarantee safety in products. Some of those are NEMA
(National Electrical Manufacturers Assoc.), NFPA (National
Fire Protection Agency), IEC (International Electrotechnical
Commission), IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic
Engineers), IBI (Intelligent Building Institute), ASME
(American Society of Engineers), and so forth.
UL standards are developed using an open process
that gives all interested parties the opportunity to comment as Standards are developed or revised. This process results in the development of Standards that are
practical for the manufacturer, compatible with other
standards and installation codes, and effective in
addressing public safety issues.
Product Evaluations and Lab
Testing per UL507 and 705
UL Lists or Classifies products depending on the type
of product and intended use. Listing, the most comprehensive UL service, means that samples of the product
have been evaluated and found to comply with all applicable UL requirements. Products distributed in Canada
are evaluated to Canadian standards and carry the listing mark for Canada (the cUL mark), which specifically
indicates compliance with Canadian standards.
Classification means that samples of the product have
been evaluated with respect to standards of other organizations, specific properties of the product, a limited
spectrum of hazards, suitability for certain uses, or other
special conditions.
Fans and blowers are tested in accordance with the
testing requirements listed in the Standards that pertain
to their intended usage. Those standards are listed previously in sections II and III. The tests and testing processes are as follows:
Fan Engineering FE-2500
Starting Current Test
A ventilator shall start and attain normal running speed
without opening a fuse when energized on a circuit
protected by a fuse of other than the time delay type.
The fuse is to have a current rating corresponding to
that of the motor branch circuit to which the ventilator
may be connected in accordance with NEC, ANSI/NFPA
70 – 1993. The ventilator is to be started three times
when connected to a circuit of minimum rated voltage.
The motor is allowed to come to a rest then must be
restarted immediately.
Input Test
The current input to a ventilator shall not be more than
110 percent of the rated value when the ventilator is
operated under conditions of actual service and connected to a supply circuit of maximum rated voltage and
rated frequency. Unless otherwise specified, each ventilator is to be tested at the appropriate potential voltage.
Table 1. Input Test Voltage
110 - 120
200 - 208
220 - 240
254 - 277
440 - 480
550 - 600
For the input test, the ventilator is to be connected
to a structure that can be adjusted to uniformly restrict
the air supply. The input is considered to be the maximum input measured while restricting the ventilator inlet
to not more than one-half the cross sectional area of
the inlet.
Temperature Test
A ventilator shall be tested and shall not reach temperatures high enough to cause a risk of fire, to damage
materials used, or to exceed the temperature rises
specified. A protection device shall not operate when the
ventilator is tested. See Table 2 below.
All values of temperature rise are based on an ambient of 86°F. however, tests may be conducted at any
ambient within the range of 50° – 104°F.
A thermocouple is to be used for determining temperature of the winding if it can be mounted without
removal of the encapsulating compound of the integrally applied insulation on the motor. The change of
resistance method is to be used if the thermocouple
measurement cannot be conducted.
The standard covers the attachment, placement, size
of wires to be used, calibration of the instrumentation
used, and the procedure for running the tests.
The ventilator is to be operated under load conditions.
Multiple speed motors are to be tested at each speed.
Reversible ventilators are to be tested in both directions.
This is to be done until a constant motor temperature
is attained. The test voltages are also dictated.
Undervoltage Test
The ventilator shall start and operate continually with a
restricted inlet as described previously, which produce
maximum loading, but with the voltage reduced to 85
percent of the rated voltage of the motor.
Dielectric Voltage Withstand Test
A ventilator shall withstand for one minute without breakdown the application of a 60 Hz electrical charge
between live parts and dead metal parts with the ventilator at the maximum temperature reached in normal
use. The test voltage shall be:
a)One thousand volts for a ventilator employing a
motor rated 1⁄2 hp or less and 250 volts or less.
b)One thousand volts plus twice the rated voltage for
a ventilator employing a motor rated more than 1⁄2
hp or more than 250 volts.
To determine if the ventilator complies with the
requirements, it is tested with a 500-volt ampere or
larger capacity transformer in which the output voltage
can be varied. The applied load is increased gradually
from zero to the required test voltage and is held at
that value for one minute. The increase in load is to be
at a uniform rate and as rapid as is consistent with
correct indication of its value by a voltmeter.
Water Spray Test
A ventilator is to be mounted as in actual service and
is to be subjected to a water spray as described in the
standard for a period of 4 hours. If the ventilator draws
air into the unit for motor cooling then the unit must be
operating during the test period. An insulation resistance
and dielectric test are to be performed immediately upon
conclusion of exposure to the water spray and are to
be repeated 1⁄2 hour later.
After the test there shall be no water at any point
that may be contacted by a splice in field-installed wiring and on uninsulated live parts or on film-coated wire
other than motor windings.
Metallic Coating Thickness Test
This test is used for determining the thickness of zinc
and cadmium coatings to ensure against the effects of
damaging rust and corrosion on metal surfaces.
Permanence of Marking Testing
These series of tests were developed to insure that any
labels used for identification or warnings on a UL listed
product demonstrate good adhesion and resists defacement or removal by scraping. These tests include oven
aging, immersion, standard atmosphere, unusual condition exposure and outdoor exposure tests.
Table 2. Temperature Test Values
Open Motor
Totally Enclosed
Totally Enclosed
Fan Cooled
Open Motor
Totally Enclosed
Totally Enclosed
Fan Cooled
DIA. > 7"
DIA. ≤ 7"
DIA. > 7"
DIA. ≤ 7"
Fan Engineering FE-2500
Capacitor Tests
Capacitor burnout and leakage current testing are used
to force a breakdown in the insulation surrounding a
capacitor. If the capacitor attains a temperature during
the test hot enough to ignite the testing material, then
it fails. If the capacitor exceeds a certain leakage current, it fails.
Overload Testing of Switches and Controls
These tests are used to ensure that no electrical or
mechanical breakdown or undue pitting or burning of the
contacts of a motor switch or control occurs during
repeated cycling.
Manufacturing and Production
Testing per UL 507 & 705
Production Dielectric Voltage-Withstand Test
Each ventilator shall withstand without electrical breakdown as a routine production line test, the application
of an electrical charge as previously described. The test
is conducted with the ventilator fully assembled.
A ventilator shall be rated in volts, amps, horsepower,
frequency in hertz, the number of phases and a code
letter, in accordance with the NEC, ANSI/NFPA 70-1993,
indicating the locked rotor motor input.
A ventilator shall be legibly and permanently marked,
where visible after installation, with the manufacturer’s
name, trademark, trade name or other descriptive marking which may identify the product manufacturer. The
product must also contain a date code, distinctive catalog or model number, and the electrical rating.
A ventilator that incorporates motor-overload protection shall be marked to indicate the presence of such
protection. A ventilator that does not incorporate motoroverload protection must be marked to indicate that the
unit should be installed with remote overload protection
and the motor rating data shall be listed so that proper
protection may be determined.
Other typical markings are as follows: A wiring diagram for connecting the motor to the field supplied
power or other voltages. A direction of rotation arrow.
A distinctive marking for point of manufacture when
multiple facilities are involved. A ventilator not intended
for outdoor use shall be so marked. Pertinent warning
and mounting labels shall also be used.
A ventilator is intended to be shipped from the point
of manufacture fully assembled and labeled. A ventilator
that is shipped without the motor and drives assembled
shall be permanently and plainly labeled with all of the
motors suitable for installation on that ventilator. This
marking must identify the motors requiring remote overload protection and the ones containing overload protection. A provision for marking the unit to indicate which
motor has been installed must also be provided. This
becomes a very complex system for the manufacturer
and the installer with ventilators containing hundreds of
combinations of motors. It is generally intended for fans
where just one or two motors are involved. These are
usually shipped in a box or boxes broken down and
field assembled.
Product Evaluations and Lab
Testing per UL 762
A ventilator to be used for restaurant exhaust must first
be listed under UL705. This means that it has already
undergone a battery of testing. UL subject 762 is basically a test procedure for elevated temperature testing.
Normal Temperature Test
A representative sample of a ventilator is installed in
accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. A gasfired generator is used to supply hot gases to a 4-foot
duct connected to the ventilator. When the generator is
fired it will establish and maintain a minimum temperature
through the duct of 300°F or higher if specified by the
manufacturer. Thermocouple grids are placed at points
all over the fan and in the duct leading to the ventilator.
The ventilator and gas-fired generator are started to
simulate a restaurant exhaust. During the test, the maximum temperature at any portion of the ventilator shall
not exceed the maximum specified in the standard.
Abnormal Flare Up Test
Once the ventilator reaches equilibrium conditions during
the normal temperature test, one pint of liquified refined
pork lard is then placed in a shallow pan in the center
of the inlet duct. The grease is heated to 600°F and
ignited. No attempts are made to extinguish the fire. The
fire is allowed to burn out normally.
The temperature rise attained by any part of the
ventilator during the test shall not be more than permitted by the UL standard. Parts of the ventilator shall not
warp, deteriorate or become damaged to any extent
which would cause unsafe operation.
Product Listing
Once the product testing is completed, you will hear
from your project engineer about whether or not your
product complies with UL’s requirements. For products
meeting the requirements, the project engineer will
develop a formal report based on the test results. These
test results will also be used to develop a Follow-Up
Services program and will serve as a basis of a FollowUp Services Procedure.
The Follow-Up Services Procedure is a document that
describes in detail the construction of the product
tested and found to meet the UL requirements. UL’s
field representatives use this as a guide when conducting their quarterly examinations of UL certified products
in the factory.
Before UL’s engineering staff will issue your testing
report, you must agree to participate in UL’s Follow-Up
Services Agreement.
If, for some reason, your product does not meet UL’s
requirements, you will receive a letter from UL describing
the specific requirements your product did not meet. If
you choose, you can modify the product and have it
A product that has been produced under UL’s Listing
and Follow-Up Service program in accordance with the
terms of UL’s Service Agreement may bear the UL
Listing Mark as the manufacturer's declaration that the
product complies with all the UL requirements.
Only the components that were approved by UL in
the test samples are permitted to be used on the
manufactured product. Any deviation from the electrical
or mechanical construction of the unit must be approved
by UL. Some additional testing may be required.
Listing of the product can only take place in the
facility that is specified in the Follow-Up Services procedure. A product cannot be listed until the electrical
components intended for use on that product are
mounted and wired if applicable. The only exception is
listed in the Manufacturing and Production Testing section above under Marking.
Fan Engineering FE-2500
UL Marks and Descriptions
As mentioned above, there are several types of
UL marks. Each has its own specific meaning and significance. The only way to determine if a product has
been certified by UL is to look for the UL mark on the
product itself or, in a few instances, on the product
ated. Products carrying this mark have been evaluated
for specific properties, a limited range of hazards, or
suitability for use under limited or special conditions.
Typically, products Classified by UL fall into the general
categories of building materials and industrial equipment.
Examples of types of equipment Classified by UL include
immersion suits, fire doors, protective gear for fire fighters and industrial trucks.
The UL marks are registered certification marks of
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. The UL marks may only
be used on or in connection with products certified by
UL and under the terms of written agreement with UL.
Below are some of the most common UL marks, along
with a description of their meaning:
UL Listing Mark
This is one of the most common UL Marks. If a product
carries this mark, it means UL found that samples of
this product met UL's safety requirements. These
requirements are primarily based on UL's own published
Standards for Safety. This type of mark is seen commonly on appliances and computer equipment, furnaces
and heaters, fuses, electrical panelboards, smoke and
carbon monoxide detectors, fire extinguishers and sprinkler systems, personal floatation devices such as life
jackets and life preservers, bullet resistant glass, and
thousands of other products.
C-UL Listing Mark
This mark is applied to products for the Canadian market. The products with this type of mark have been
evaluated to Canadian safety requirements, which may
be somewhat different from U.S. safety requirements.
You will see this type of Mark on appliances and computer equipment, vending machines, household burglar
alarm systems, lighting fixtures, and many other types
of products.
C-UL US Listing Mark
UL introduced this new Listing Mark in early 1998. It
indicates compliance with both Canadian and U.S.
requirements. The Canada/U.S. UL Mark is optional. UL
encourages those manufacturers with products certified
for both countries to use this new, combined Mark, but
they may continue using separate UL Marks for the
United States and Canada.
Classification Mark
This mark appears on products that UL has also evalu5
C-UL Classification Mark
This Classification marking is used for products intended
for the Canadian marketplace. It indicates that UL has
used Canadian standards to evaluate the product for
specific hazards or properties. Examples of C-UL
Classified products include air filter units, firestop devices, certain types of roofing systems, and others.
C-UL US Classification Mark
UL introduced this new Classification Mark in early 1998.
It indicates compliance with both Canadian and U.S.
requirements. The Canada/U.S. UL Mark is optional. UL
encourages those manufacturers with products certified
for both countries to use this new, combined Mark, but
they may continue using separate UL Marks for the
United States and Canada.
Recognized Component Mark and
Canadian Recognized Component Mark
Consumers rarely see these marks because they are
specifically used on component parts that are part of a
larger product or system. These components may have
restrictions on their performance or may be incomplete
in construction. The Component Recognition marking is
found on a wide range of products, including some
switches, power supplies, printed wiring boards, some
kinds of industrial control equipment and thousands of
other products. Products intended for Canada carry the
Recognized Component mark "C."
Recognized Component Mark for Canada and the
United States
This new UL Recognized Component Mark, which
became effective April 1, 1998, may be used on components certified by UL to both Canadian and U.S.
requirements. Although UL had not originally planned to
introduce a combined Recognized Component Mark, the
popularity of the Canada/U.S. Listing and Classification
Marks among clients with UL certifications for both
Canada and the United States has led to the new
Fan Engineering FE-2500
Twin city fan & blower |
5959 Trenton Lane N | Minneapolis, MN 55442 | Phone: 763-551-7600 | Fax: 763-551-7601
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