Encore | SP201-SA | Specifications | Encore SP201-SA Specifications

Chapter 7
Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
T
his chapter covers post-installation maintenance instructions for the
SP201-SA. It describes the commands that will help you troubleshoot
the SP201-SA and keep it operating smoothly. It also presents a list of
problems that could occur during installation or maintenance, and suggests
actions to try before calling Technical Services. This chapter includes the
following sections:
• Section 7.1, Commands in an SP201-SA Session
• Section 7.2, Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
• Section 7.3, Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Hardware
If you have tried all recommended actions but still have not resolved the
problem, contact Encore Networks Technical Services at
support@encorenetworks.com, 703-318-4350 (voice), or 703-318-4371 (fax).
Be prepared to furnish your currently installed hardware configuration, the
software release you are using, and detailed information about the problem.
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
!
7.1
Caution: The SP201-SA is not designed to be serviced in the field. If
the SP201-SA malfunctions and you are unable to isolate the problem,
contact Encore Networks as indicated above. Do not remove the cover
or disassemble the SP201-SA, as doing so may void its warranty.
Commands in an SP201-SA Session
To execute commands for the SP201-SA, you first need to establish a session
between the SP201-SA and a user-supplied control console, as described in
Section 1.5, Connecting to the Control Console. After you establish this session,
you will use a command line interface to execute the operational commands
listed in Table 7-1.
Table 7-1 lists monitoring commands. The configuration commands are
discussed in the configuration chapters.
Note: In all commands, make sure you type the port number or trunk
number that corresponds to the port you are configuring, regardless of the
port or trunk number shown in the instructions.
For details of SP201-SA port numbering, see the Note in Section 1.3,
Connecting the SP201-SA to the Telephony Network.
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Commands in an SP201-SA Session
7-3
Table 7-1. Maintenance and Troubleshooting Commands for
the SP201-SA (1 of 4)
Command
Description
alias
Defines numbers 0–9 to represent frequently
used commands. See Section 7.2.1.2, The alias
Command.
coldstart
Resets configurable parameters to factory
defaults and resets the SP201-SA. You use this
command after downloading new software to
the SP201-SA. See Section 2.4.3, Coldstarting the
SP201-SA.
!
config x
Caution: Using this command causes all userdefined settings to be lost. In addition, any calls
in progress are dropped.
Configures specified items as described below.
See Section 7.2.2, The config Commands.
config traceflags
!
help
Displays a list of commands you can use to
provision, monitor, or troubleshoot the
SP201-SA. See Section 7.2.1.1, The help Command.
history
Lists the most recently used commands. See
Section 7.2.1.3, The history Command.
reset x
Resets specified items as described below. Type
reset help for a list of reset commands.
reset chan
Resets specified channels to their initial states.
See Section 7.2.3.1, The reset chan Command.
reset stats
Resets statistical counters to initial values. See
Section 7.2.3.2, The reset stats Command.
reset systimer
Resets the relative clock time to 0 (zero). See
Section 7.2.3.3, The reset systimer Command.
No Longer Available. See Section 7.2.5.3,
The trace isdnmsg Command, and
Section 7.2.5.4, The trace isupmsg Command.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Table 7-1. Maintenance and Troubleshooting Commands for
the SP201-SA (2 of 4)
Command
Description
show x
Shows specified information as described below.
Type show help for a list of show commands.
show alarms
Displays information about the SP201-SA’s
trunk alarms. See Section 7.2.4.1, The show alarms
Command.
show almrelay
Shows trunk alarm propagation. See
Section 7.2.4.2, The show almrelay Command.
show ani
Displays the ANI substitution table. See
Section 7.2.4.3, Viewing the ANI Table.
Note: This command is available only if the optional
ANI feature is included in the software.
show banner
Displays the application banner, listing
information about the SP201-SA. See
Section 7.2.4.4, The show banner Command.
show buffers
Displays the size of message buffer pools. See
Section 7.2.4.5, The show buffers Command.
show ccstates
Displays each ISDN channel’s SS7–ISDN Call
Control state and last event. See Section 7.2.4.6,
The show ccstates Command.
show clocks
Displays clocking information. See
Section 7.2.4.7, The show clocks Command.
show connections
Displays CIC/timeslot/peer timeslot
relationships. See Section 7.2.4.8, The show
connections Command.
show dchans
Displays signaling information for ISDN trunks.
See Section 7.2.4.9, The show dchans Command.
show events
Displays a list of the events and states for each
protocol. See Section 7.2.4.10, The show events
Command.
show fgd
Displays the information digits translation table
for Feature Group D. See Section 7.2.4.11, The
show fgd Command.
show framers
Displays the configuration and status of the
trunks on the Line Interface Module (LIM). See
Section 7.2.4.12, The show framers Command.
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Commands in an SP201-SA Session
7-5
Table 7-1. Maintenance and Troubleshooting Commands for
the SP201-SA (3 of 4)
Command
Description
show hardware
Displays the hardware configuration. See
Section 7.2.4.13, The show hardware Command.
show states
Displays the current states for all trunks and
timeslots. See Section 7.2.4.14, The show states
Command.
show stats
Displays the reset statistics. See Section 7.2.4.15,
The show stats Command.
show template
Displays the IAM & ACM template numbers
configured for all channels. See Section 7.2.4.16,
The show template Command.
show time
Displays the SP201-SA’s system time. See
Section 7.2.4.17, The show time Command.
show trace
Displays a list of channels on the SP201-SA,
indicating those that have tracechan enabled. See
Section 7.2.4.18, The show trace Command.
show trunks
Displays trunk framing, protocol, and SS7
signaling link information. See Section 7.2.4.19,
The show trunks Command.
show version
Displays the SP201-SA software product’s
application version. See Section 7.2.4.20, The
show version Command.
trace (before SignalPath
software version 1070)
!
No Longer Available. See Section 7.2.5.2,
The trace isup Command.
trace (in SignalPath
software version 1070
and later)
Starts automated trace functions or stops all
trace functions. See Section 7.2.5.5, The trace
Command.
trace cas
Displays signaling on Timeslots between CAS
and peer protocol. See Section 7.2.5.1, The trace
cas Command.
tracechan
trace isdnmsg
!
No Longer Available. See Section 7.2.5.1,
The trace cas Command.
Enables ISDN raw message traces. See
Section 7.2.5.3, The trace isdnmsg Command.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Table 7-1. Maintenance and Troubleshooting Commands for
the SP201-SA (4 of 4)
7.2
Command
Description
trace isup
Traces all or specified details of SS7/C7
messages. See Section 7.2.5.2, The trace isup
Command.
trace isupmsg
Enables ISUP raw message traces. See
Section 7.2.5.4, The trace isupmsg Command.
warmstart
Resets the SP201-SA but maintains configured
parameters. See Section 2.4.1, Warmstarting the
SP201-SA.
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA
Software
The commands in this section help you review the configuration of the
SP201-SA software and determine whether it is performing as you intend.
Note: To configure the SP201-SA, see Chapter 2, Configuration Overview.
7.2.1
User Assistance Commands
The commands in the following subsections help you see which commands
are available, which commands you have used recently, and which alias
commands you can use. Another command dumps (i.e., shows most recent
values) for a channel.
7.2.1.1
The help Command
You can use the help command to display a complete list of the commands
available for use on the SP201-SA.
How to Use the help Command
1
At the user> prompt, type help and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed:
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7-7
user> help
*** MAIN COMMAND HELP ***
assign
coldstart
config
dumpchan
help
reset
show
trace
tracechan
traceiw
warmstart
-
Assign the CIC range to be used on this card
Reset configurable parameters to factory defaults and reset card
Configure specified items - use "config help" for more information
Dump CAS channel data for troubleshooting
Display this help screen
Reset specified item(s) - use "reset help" for more information
Show specified information - use "show help" for more information
Trace SS7 messages
Displays information about the CAS protocol for troubleshooting
Displays messages between the Q767 and CAS state machines
Reset card while maintaining configurable parameters
user>
Note: To get additional information on the config, show, or reset commands,
type config, show, or reset without any arguments.
7.2.1.2
The alias Command
The alias command lets you define the numbers 0 through 9 to represent
frequently used commands.
How to Use the alias Command
1
At the user> prompt, type alias and press Enter.
™ The list of alias commands is displayed.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
user> alias
******************************************************************************
***************************** COMMAND ALIAS LIST *****************************
******************************************************************************
0: alias
1: history
2: help
3: show help
4: show banner
5: show version
6: show hardware
7: config help
8: warmstart
9: coldstart
******************************************************************************
user>
Note: According to this list, you can see the banner by typing 4 and
pressing Enter.
user> 4
4: show banner
******************************************************************************
*
*
*
+++ SignalPath Product Line +++
*
*
*
*
Application: ETSI ISDN/R2 Standalone
*
*
Application Part Number: 15174.0097
*
*
Package Part Number: 15175.0097
*
*
Release Date: 11/07/02 16:57:57
*
*
*
*
*
*
Encore Networks, Inc.
*
*
45472 Holiday Drive
*
*
Dulles, Virginia 20166
*
*
TEL: 703-318-7750
*
*
FAX: 703-787-4625
*
*
http://www.encorenetworks.com
*
*
*
*
*
*
Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Encore Networks, Inc.
*
*
All Rights Reserved
*
*
*
******************************************************************************
user>
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
2
7-9
To change the definition of a command, type alias a and press
Enter, where a is a number 0 to 9.
™ A prompt similar to the following is displayed.
user> alias 4
Current command string for alias
4: show banner
Enter new command string [1-76 chars/# to delete/CR to keep
current]==>
4:
3
Type the new command you wish this alias number to represent, and
press Enter. (For example, type show stats and press Enter.)
™ A prompt confirms the new definition for the alias number.
4: show stats
Alias 4 updated
user>
4
You can test the new definition by typing the alias number and
pressing Enter.
user> 4
4: show stats
******************************************************************************
****************************** CARD STATISTICS *******************************
******************************************************************************
Number of non-error exits since last coldstart = 0
Number of error exits since last coldstart
= 0
Percentage of buffers remaining at last exit
= 100%
******************************************************************************
user>
7.2.1.3
The history Command
The history command displays the most recently used commands. To use
the command, type history and press Enter. The console displays the list
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of commands recently used. (Note that the last command shown is always
history, because you have just entered that command.)
user> history
******************************************************************************
**************************** COMMAND HISTORY LIST ****************************
******************************************************************************
035: assign cics
036: config timeslots
037: config cics
038: config connections
039: reset
040: reset chan
041: reset stats
042: reset systimer
043: dumpchan
044: show connection
045: show connections
046: show almrelay
047: reset
048: reset systimer
049: history
******************************************************************************
user>
7.2.2
The config Commands
To see a list of config x commands, type config or config help and
press Enter. The console will display a list of the config commands available
in the SP201-SA software, similar to the following.
user> config
*** CONFIG COMMAND HELP ***
alarms
- Enable/Disable reporting of alarms on a trunk (span)
Warning: Interrupts traffic if a live trunk is disabled
cics
- Modify the CIC connectivity
clocks
- Select a clock source for framing
connections - Configure timeslot and CIC mapping - Auto & manual modes
dt
- Configure the channel parameters for the selected
channel(s)
framer
- Configure the framer parameters for a trunk (span)
logging
- Enable or disable display of logging messages
sp200
- Configure several card level options
Most config commands are used only when configuring the SP201-SA. See
the appropriate chapters for the protocols you are configuring.
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7.2.3
7-11
The reset Commands
To see a list of reset commands, type reset and press Enter. The console
will display a list of reset commands available in the SP201-SA software,
similar to the following.
user> reset
******************************************************************************
***************************** RESET COMMAND HELP *****************************
******************************************************************************
chan
- Reset CAS channel(s) [trunk/timeslot(s)] back to their initial state
stats
- Reset card statistics
systimer - Reset the relative time clock back to 0
******************************************************************************
user>
7.2.3.1
The reset chan Command
You can perform a reset at the channel level. You use the reset chan command
to reset a designated channel or multiple channels.
Note: The reset chan command is not used to implement configuration
changes. Use the reset chan command only for cases in which the channel is
not responding properly.
How to Use the reset chan Command
!
Caution: The reset chan command causes all calls on the specified
channels to be dropped. In addition, the specified channels will drop
any loopbacks and any disable statuses.
If a specified channel range intersects but does not encompass a
disabled span, the reset chan command will be rejected, and no channels
will be reset.
1
At the user> prompt, do one of the following:
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
a
To reset a specific channel, type reset chan m:n and press Enter.
where m represents the trunk and n represents the timeslot you want
to reset.
™ A message similar to the following is displayed:
user> reset chan 1:4
channel reset
b
To reset multiple channels, type reset chan m:n p:r and press
Enter.
where m:n is the beginning of the range of trunks:timeslots you wish
to reset, and p:r is the end of the range.
™ A message similar to the following is displayed:
user> reset chan 1:4 2:23
channels reset
c
To reset all channels, type reset chan all and press Enter.
™ The SP201-SA asks for confirmation to reset all channels.
user> reset chan all
Are you sure you want to reset ALL channels on this card (y or n)? :
2
Do one of the following:
a
If you want to reset the channel(s), type y and press Enter.
b
If you do not want to reset the channel(s), type n and press Enter.
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™ A message similar to the following is displayed:
channels reset
7.2.3.2
The reset stats Command
You can reset the statistics without viewing them. (In protocol-conversion
packages, you can also reset the statistics after viewing them. See
Section 7.2.4.15, The show stats Command, to view statistics for protocolconversion software.)
How to Use the reset stats Command
1
To reset statistics, type reset stats and press Enter.
™ The following prompt appears:
Reset statistics? (y/n) :
2
Do one of the following:
a
If you wish to reset the statistics, type y and press Enter.
™ The statistical counters are reset to their initial values. The
following prompt appears, followed by the user> prompt.
statistics reset
user>
Note: Resetting the statistics merely sets the counters to initial
values. Accrual of statistics continues whenever the SP201-SA is
running.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
b
If you do not wish to reset the statistics, type n and press Enter.
™ The statistics remain at their current values. The following
prompt appears, followed by the user> prompt.
statistics NOT reset
user>
7.2.3.3
The reset systimer Command
The reset systimer command resets the relative clock time to 0 (zero). To use
the command, type reset systimer and press Enter. The system clock
resets to zero, and the following message is displayed.
System relative time clock reset to 0
7.2.4
The show Commands
You use the show commands to display current, snapshot information about
the SP201-SA’s hardware configuration. The show commands use the format
show x, where x can be any of several variables, discussed in the sections
below.
To see a list of show commands, type show and press Enter. The console
will display a list of show commands available in the SP201-SA software,
similar to the following.
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Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7-15
user> show
*** SHOW COMMAND HELP ***
banner
- Display application banner
buffers
- Display the size of message buffer pools
clocks
- Display current clock source for framing
connection - Display CIC/timeslot/peer timeslot relationships
events
- Display list of the statemachine Events and States
framers
- Display the configuration & status of the trunk (span) framers
hardware
- Display hardware configuration information
states
- Display the DTMF and Q767 statemachine states for all channels
stats
- Display card reset statistics
template - Display the IAM & ACM template number configured for all channels
timeslots - Display timeslot connectivity and data translation in effect
trace
- Display tracechan status
trunks
- Display trunk (span) framing, protocol & signaling link
information
version
- Display application and boot monitor version information
7.2.4.1
The show alarms Command
You use the show alarms command to view detailed information about the
trunk alarms on the SP201-SA. (To set alarms up, see Section 2.3.5, The config
alarms Command.)
How to Use the show alarms Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show alarms and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed. Empty entries
(dashes) indicate that there is no alarm. Asterisks indicate an alarm.
Table 7-2 describes the parameters displayed for the show alarms
command.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
user> show alarms
******************************************************************************
***************************** TRUNK ALARM STATUS *****************************
******************************************************************************
MF
MF
Alarm
MF
YEL
YEL
SYNC SYNC CARR FS
Trunk Reporting AIS
AIS
LOW
LOW
LOSS LOSS LOSS ERRS MAJOR MINOR
******************************************************************************
1
ENABLED
---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---------2
ENABLED
---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---------3
ENABLED
---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---------4
ENABLED
---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---------******************************************************************************
AGGREGATE ALARM STATUS:
------******************************************************************************
user>
Table 7-2. show alarms Parameter Descriptions (1 of 2)
Parameter
Description
Alarm Reporting
Indicates whether the trunk’s alarms are
enabled.
ais
Indicates whether the alarm indication
signal alarm is activated.
mf ais
Indicates whether the timeslot 16
multiframe (if in use) alarm indication
signal is activated.
yellow
Indicates whether a remote alarm is
activated.
mf yellow
Indicates whether the timeslot 16 (if in use)
remote alarm is activated.
sync Loss
Indicates whether a synchronization loss
alarm is activated.
mf Sync Loss
Indicates whether a timeslot 16 (if in use)
synchronization loss alarm is activated.
carr Loss
Indicates whether carrier loss is on (the
carrier signal has been lost) or off (the
carrier signal is operational).
Fs errs
Indicates the presence of F-bit errors. (Not
currently supported.)
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Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
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Table 7-2. show alarms Parameter Descriptions (2 of 2)
Parameter
Description
ALARM STATUS:
Major
(also called a
red alarm)
Indicates an active major alarm. Major
alarms are Fs errs, carrLos, syncLos,
mfSynLs, ais, and mtais.
Minor
(also called a
yellow alarm)
Indicates an active minor alarm. Minor
alarms are yellow and mf yel.
Aggregate Alarm Status
7.2.4.2
Shows the alarm status for the SP201-SA
(i.e., where there are major and/or minor
alarms on trunks on the SP201-SA).
The show almrelay Command
This command lists the alarm relays set up on the SP201-SA. (To configure
alarm relays, see Section 2.3.6, The config almrelay Command.)
How to Use the show almrelay Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show almrelay and press Enter.
™ The alarm relay display for this SP201-SA appears.
user> show almrelay
******************************************************************************
************************* ALARM RELAY CONFIGURATION **************************
******************************************************************************
Trunk With Alarm
Alarm Propagated to Trunk
1
- 2 - - - - - 2
- - - - - - - 3
1 2 - - - - - 4
- - - - - - - ******************************************************************************
Alarm Relay Timer = 25 secs
******************************************************************************
user>
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.2.4.3
Viewing the ANI Table
Note: The commands for configuring and viewing Alternate Number
Insertion (ANI) are available only if the optional ANI Feature has been
installed.
The show ani command lets you see the ANIs in the ANI substitution table.
The following procedure provides guidelines.
Note: To configure numbers in the ANI table, see Section 5.3.1, Configuring
ANI Substitution.
How to Use the show ani Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show ani and press Enter.
™ The console displays the contents of the ANI substitution table,
one page at a time. If you have reached the end of the ANI table, the
user> prompt follows the table. The display is similar to the
following.
Note: The table is listed in four columns. Each column holds a pair
of numbers. Within each pair, the number on the left identifies the
table position, and the number on the right is the ANI.
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user> show ani
1 1234567890
2 1234567891
3 1234567892
4 1234567893
5 1234567894
6 1234567895
7 1234567896
8 1234567897
9 1234567898 10 1234567899 11 1234567900 12 1234567901
13 1234567902 14 1234567903 15 1234567904 16 1234567905
17 1234567906 18 1234567907 19 1234567908 20 1234567909
21 1234567910 22 1234567911 23 1234567912 24 1234567913
25 1234567914 26 1234567915 27 1234567916 28 1234567917
29 1234567918 30 1234567919 31 1234567920 32 1234567921
33 1234567922 34 1234567923 35 1234567924 36 1234567925
37 1234567926 38 1234567927 39 1234567928 40 1234567929
41 1234567930 42 1234567931 43 1234567932 44 1234567933
45 1234567934 46 1234567935 47 1234567936 48 1234567937
49 1234567938 50 1234567939 51 1234567940 52 1234567941
53 1234567942 54 1234567943 55 1234567944 56 1234567945
57 1234567946 58 1234567947 59 1234567948 60 1234567949
61 1234567950 62 1234567951 63 1234567952 64 1234567953
65 1234567954 66 1234567955 67 1234567956 68 1234567957
69 1234567958 70 1234567959 71 1234567960 72 1234567961
73 1234567962 74 1234567963 75 1234567964 76 1234567965
77 1234567966 78 1234567967 79 1234567968 80 1234567969
81 1234567970 82 1234567971 83 1234567972 84 1234567973
85 1234567974 86 1234567975 87 1234567976 88 1234567977
89 1234567978 90 1234567979 91 1234567980 92 1234567981
Press . to exit, any other character to continue:
2
After you have viewed this page of the ANI table, do one of the
following:
a
To terminate the display, type . (a period) and press Enter.
™ The user> prompt is displayed.
b
To see the next page of the table, type any other character and press
Enter (or just press Enter without typing anything).
™ The next page of the ANI table is displayed. If you have reached
the end of the ANI table, the user> prompt follows the table. If you
do not see the user> prompt, repeat Step 2.
7.2.4.4
The show banner Command
You use the show banner command to view manufacturer identification and
release information.
How to Use the show banner Command
1
At any system prompt, type show banner and press Enter.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
™ Information similar to the following is displayed:
******************************************************************************
*
*
*
+++ SignalPath Product Line +++
*
*
*
*
Application: ETSI ISDN/R2 Standalone
*
*
Application Part Number: 15174.1020
*
*
Package Part Number: 15175.1020
*
*
Release Date: 02/14/03 05:17:06
*
*
*
*
*
*
Encore Networks, Inc.
*
*
45472 Holiday Drive
*
*
Dulles, Virginia 20166
*
*
TEL: 703-318-7750
*
*
FAX: 703-787-4625
*
*
http://www.encorenetworks.com
*
*
*
*
*
*
Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Encore Networks, Inc.
*
*
All Rights Reserved
*
*
*
******************************************************************************
user>
7.2.4.5
The show buffers Command
The show buffers command indicates the sizes of the message buffers and
the operating system buffers.
How to Use the show buffers Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show buffers and press Enter.
™ A display similar to the following appears.
user> show buffers
******************************************************************************
*************************** MESSAGE BUFFERS STATUS ***************************
******************************************************************************
Buffer Size Total Size Total Buffers Buffers Buffers Buffers
Buffer Type
(bytes)
(bytes)
Buffers Used
Free
Used%
Free%
******************************************************************************
General messages
0536
1094512
2042
0018
2024
0.8%
99.2%
CAS messages
4032
0040320
0010
0000
0010
0.0% 100.0%
******************************************************************************
user>
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7.2.4.6
7-21
The show ccstates Command
This command displays each ISDN channel’s SS7–ISDN Call Control state
and last event.
How to Use the show ccstates Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show ccstates and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed.
Note: Square brackets enclose the AGC’s software application part
number and version.
user> show ccstates
State - Last Event)
Trunk/ts 1
2
3/1
1-0
1-0
3/9
1-0
1-0
3/17
1-0
1-0
3/25
1-0
1-0
4/1
1-0
1-0
4/9
1-0
1-0
4/17
1-0
1-0
4/25
1-0
1-0
[14598.0705]
3
4
5
1-0
1-34 1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-34 1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
6
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
7
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
8
1-34
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
1-0
user>
7.2.4.7
The show clocks Command
The show clocks command displays the SP201-SA’s clocking configuration.
How to Use the show clocks Command
1
At the prompt, type show clocks and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed.
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7-22
Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
user> show clocks
*********************************************************
*********** FRAMER CLOCK SOURCE CONFIGURATION ***********
*********************************************************
Clock source configured:
INTERNAL CLOCK
Clock source being used: Trunk 1
PRIMARY
clock source: Trunk 1
SECONDARY clock source: Trunk 7
TERTIARY clock source: LOCAL OSCILLATOR
*********************************************************
user>
7.2.4.8
The show connections Command
The show connections command displays the relationship between a timeslot
and its CIC for each side of the connection. It also indicates the connectivity
between a timeslot and its peer timeslot. The display uses the following
format:
a-u m:n
p:q w-b
where:
a is the protocol used for the timeslot’s trunk—for example, R2.
u is the CIC for the timeslot—for example, 00001.
m is the timeslot’s trunk—for example, 1.
n is the timeslot—for example, 01.
and where:
p is the peer timeslot’s trunk—for example, 5.
q is the peer timeslot—for example, 01.
w is the CIC for the peer timeslot—for example, 00001.
b is the protocol used for the peer timeslot’s trunk—for example, C7.
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Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7-23
How to Use the show connections Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show connections and press Enter.
™ A display similar to the following appears. Each line shows the
following:
• The protocol, CIC, trunk, and timeslot for the channel
• The trunk, timeslot, CIC, and protocol for the connected peer
channel
user> show connections
CIC
Timeslot
peerTimeslot
peerCIC
----------------------------------------------------------R2-00001
1:01
5:01
00001-Q767
R2-00002
1:02
5:02
00002-Q767
R2-00003
1:03
5:03
00003-Q767
R2-00004
1:04
5:04
00004-Q767
R2-00005
1:05
5:05
00005-Q767
R2-00006
1:06
5:06
00006-Q767
R2-00007
1:07
5:07
00007-Q767
R2-00008
1:08
5:08
00008-Q767
R2-00009
1:09
5:09
00009-Q767
R2-00010
1:10
5:10
00010-Q767
R2-00011
1:11
5:11
00011-Q767
R2-00012
1:12
5:12
00012-Q767
R2-00013
1:13
5:13
00013-Q767
R2-00014
1:14
5:14
00014-Q767
R2-00015
1:15
5:15
00015-Q767
none
1:16-OOS
none
none
Enter for next page...
any other key to exit...
2
After viewing the connections indicated, do one of the following:
a
To exit the show connections command, type any character and press
Enter.
™ The show connections command aborts, and the user> prompt
is displayed.
b
To view the next page of connections, press Enter.
™ The next page is displayed. Repeat Step 2.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
CIC
Timeslot
peerTimeslot
peerCIC
----------------------------------------------------------R2-00017
1:17
5:17
00017-Q767
R2-00018
1:18
5:18
00018-Q767
R2-00019
1:19
5:19
00019-Q767
R2-00020
1:20
5:20
00020-Q767
R2-00021
1:21
5:21
00021-Q767
R2-00022
1:22
5:22
00022-Q767
R2-00023
1:23
5:23
00023-Q767
R2-00024
1:24
5:24
00024-Q767
Enter for next page...
any other key to exit...
7.2.4.9
The show dchans Command
The show dchans command displays information and status about the
signaling timeslot (D-channel) on each ISDN trunk.
How to Use the show dchans Command
1
At the prompt, type show dchans and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed.
user> show dchans
******************************************************************************
*************************** ISDN D-CHANNEL STATUS ****************************
******************************************************************************
Trunk
FAS/
Signaling
Interface Time
# of
D-Channel
Trunk Type Protocol
NFAS
Type
Type
Slot Failures Status
******************************************************************************
3
E1
ETSI ISDN FAS
D-Channel
Network
16
0000
Inactive
4
E1
ETSI ISDN FAS
D-Channel
Network
16
0000
Inactive
******************************************************************************
user>
7.2.4.10
The show events Command
You use the show events command to display a numbered list of defined
events and the states they cause. This list is useful when analyzing trunk/
timeslot problems.
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7-25
Note: This command is intended for use by Technical Support personnel
when customers report troubleshooting problems.
How to Use the show events Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show events and press Enter.
™ The current list of available events, similar to the following, is
displayed.
user> show events
R2 EVENTS
0
NONE
1
EVT_ACK_TIMEOUT
2
EVT_ANSWER
3
EVT_ANSWER_TIMEOUT
...
78
EVT_BOGUS
R2 STATES
0
INVALID
1
R2_IDLE
2
R2_NO_SERVICE
3
R2_RESET
...
24
R2_BUSY
Q767 EVENTS
0
NONE
1
EVT_ACK_REC
2
EVT_ACK_TIMEOUT
3
EVT_ACM
...
66
EVT_Q7CLEAR
Q767 STATES
0
INVALID
1
S7_IDLE
2
S7C_NO_SERVICE
3
S7_RESET
...
16
S7C_CLEARBACK
Done !
user>
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.2.4.11
The show fgd Command
If your SP201-SA is running the R1 protocol, you can use the show fgd
command to view the current entries in the Feature Group D (FGD)
information digits translation table.
Note: To add or delete table entries, see Section 3.3.3.2, The config fgd
Command.
How to Use the show fgd Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show fgd and press Enter.
™ The system displays the information digits translation table. The
following is an example.
information
digits
23
04
24
End of table
user>
calling party
category
8
12
3
Note: If the informations digits translation table is empty, the
display is similar to the following.
information
digits
End of table
user>
calling party
category
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7.2.4.12
7-27
The show framers Command
You use the show framers command to view detailed information about the
SP201-SA trunks.
How to Use the show framers Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show framers and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed.
user> show framers
******************************************************************************
**************************** FRAMER CONFIGURATION ****************************
******************************************************************************
Trunk
Line
Line
Framing
Haul
Line
Trunk
Trunk
Type
Impedance
Coding
Type
Type
Length
State
******************************************************************************
1
E1
120 Ohms
HDB3
CAS-CRC
Short
N/A
Initialized
2
E1
120 Ohms
HDB3
CAS-CRC
Short
N/A
Initialized
3
E1
120 Ohms
HDB3
CCS
Short
N/A
Initialized
4
E1
120 Ohms
HDB3
CCS
Short
N/A
Initialized
******************************************************************************
LIM type: 2 E1 120 Ohm/2 E1 120 Ohm
******************************************************************************
user>
Table 7-3 describes the parameters displayed when you execute the show
framers command.
Table 7-3. Parameter Descriptions for the show framers Command (1 of 2)
Parameter
Description
Trunk
Lists the trunk numbers (1–8).
Trunk Type
Indicates whether the connection is T1 or E1.
Line Impedance
Indicates the impedance (100 ohms for T1 lines;
75 ohms or 120 ohms for E1 lines).
Line Coding
Indicates the types of T1 and E1 coding used on
the trunk (i.e., AMI or B8ZS for T1 and AMI or
HDB3 for E1.
Framing Type
Indicates the type of trunk framing selected (e.g.,
D4 SF for T1 or 704 for E1).
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Table 7-3. Parameter Descriptions for the show framers Command (2 of 2)
7.2.4.13
Parameter
Description
Haul Type
The general line length that the software
configuration reflects. The default is Short, for a
cable 0 to 133 feet (0 to 41 meters) long.
Line Length
Indicates the length of the T1 cable. (This
parameter is not applicable for E1 lines.)
Trunk State
Indicates the trunk state. Initialized means that
the trunk is fully operational.
LIM type
Indicates the type of LIM installed. The first entry
describes trunks 1–4; the second entry describes
trunks 5–8.
The show hardware Command
The show hardware command lists the hardware specifications for the
SP201-SA. The command shows the device and its trunk configuration.
How to Use the show hardware Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show hardware and press Enter.
™ A display similar to the following appears.
user> show hardware
******************************************************************************
*************************** HARDWARE CONFIGURATION ***************************
******************************************************************************
Platform:
SP201-SA
Configuration: 4 Trunks/0 Receive DSPs/1 QUICC
LIM Type:
2 T1 100 Ohm/2 T1 100 Ohm
******************************************************************************
user>
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7.2.4.14
7-29
The show states Command
You use the show states command to display a list of current states for
timeslots on the trunks, whether in service or out of service.
Note: This command is intended for use by Technical Support personnel
when customers report troubleshooting problems.
How to Use the show states Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show states and press Enter.
™ The list of current states, similar to the following, is displayed.
Note: In the display for the show states command, channels that are
out of service display blanks. In addition, T1 trunks show timeslots
25 through 31 as blank because T1 trunks have only 24 channels. E1
trunks show timeslot 16 as blank because timeslot 16 is used for
signaling.
user> show states
States (S7state-DTstate)
Trunk/ts 1
1/1
3-3
1/9
3-3
1/17
3-3
1/25
3-3
2/1
3-3
2/9
3-3
2/17
3-3
2/25
3-3
user>
2
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
4
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
5
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
6
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
7
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
8
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.2.4.15
The show stats Command
This command displays the statistical counters on the SP201-SA. This
command also lets you reset the statistical counters.
How to Use the show stats Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show stats and press Enter.
™ The statistical counters for the SP201-SA are displayed. A prompt
also asks whether to reset the statistical counters to zero.
user> show stats
number of resets since last coldstart 3
number of calls to msExit since last coldstart 0
percentage of buffers remaining at last msExit 9
reset statistics? (y/n) :
2
Do one of the following:
a
To let the counters continue incrementing, type n and press Enter.
™ The user> prompt is redisplayed.
b
To reset the statistical counters, type y and press Enter.
™ The routine indicates that the counters have been reset, and the
user> prompt is redisplayed.
reset statistics? (y/n) : y
statistics reset
user>
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7.2.4.16
7-31
The show template Command
The show template command indicates which IAM template and ACM
template are being used on each channel of the DTMF, R1, R2, or N5 trunks.
How to Use the show template Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show template and press Enter.
™ The system displays the numbers of the IAM templates and ACM
templates used on each CAS channel, similar to the following:
user> show template
Template (IAM No.-ACM No.)
Trunk/ts 1
2
3
4
1/1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1/9
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1/17
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1/25
2/1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
2/9
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
2/17
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
2/25
user>
5
1-1
1-1
1-1
6
1-1
1-1
1-1
7
1-1
1-1
1-1
8
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
Note: Each CAS channel can use one of five templates for IAM and
one of five template for ACM. Usage of IAM and ACM templates is
assigned in the procedures in Section 3.3.2.1, The config dt Command;
Section 3.3.3.1, The config r1 Command; Section 3.3.4.1, The config r2
Command; and Section 3.3.5.1, The config n5 command.
7.2.4.17
The show time Command
The show time command displays the SP201-SA’s current system time. (If
you wish to set the system time, see Section 2.3.1, The config time Command.)
How to Use the show time Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show time and press Enter.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
™ If the SP201-SA’s time has not been set previously, the following
message appears.
Warning!
System date/time has not been set!
™ In any case, then the following information is displayed:
user> show time
******************************************************************************
****************************** SYSTEM DATE/TIME ******************************
******************************************************************************
System Date and Time = Sat 2000/01/01 00:03:36.354
******************************************************************************
user>
7.2.4.18
The show trace Command
This command displays the status of the traces on the SP201-SA, indicating
the traces that are enabled on each channel.
Note: To enable or disable traces, see Section 7.2.5, Traces.
How to Use the show trace Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show trace and press Enter.
™ A list of debug traces is displayed, indicating their statuses.
Note: The traces listed depend on the software on the SP201-SA.
• If there is only one trace available on the SP201-SA, the listing may
be short (depending on the trace itself), as shown in the following
example.
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Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7-33
user> show trace
**************************** TRACE CONFIGURATION *****************************
******************************************************************************
Traces
Status
******************************************************************************
isup:
on
Point code: all
CIC: 102
MSG: acm
[2130/08/25 18:22:44]: Command "show trace" completed
• If there are several traces available on the SP201-SA, the initial list
is short, but the details may be quite long (depending on the
traces), as shown in the following example.
user> show trace
******************************************************************************
**************************** TRACE CONFIGURATION *****************************
******************************************************************************
Traces
Status
******************************************************************************
ccdebug:
off
ccerror:
off
cchigh:
off
ccmed:
off
isdncir0: off
******************************************************************************
Display more traces? (y/n):
2
To see detailed trace information (for user and debug commands),
type y and press Enter.
™ The user traces for the channels on trunks 1 and 2 are displayed.
Note: The traces shown depend on the software on the SP201-SA.
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
7-34
Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Trunk 1
0
1
1
2
2
3
Traces (Enabled = T) 5
0
5
0
5
0
******************************************************************************
ccccb:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ccfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnmsg:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupmsg:
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
******************************************************************************
Trunk 2
0
1
1
2
2
3
Traces (Enabled = T) 5
0
5
0
5
0
******************************************************************************
ccccb:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ccfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnmsg:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupmsg:
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
******************************************************************************
Display more trunks? (y/n):
3
To see user trace information for the next two trunks (if this is an
SP201-SA with more than two trunks), type y and press Enter.
™ The user traces for the channels on trunks 3 and 4 are displayed.
Trunk 3
0
1
1
2
2
3
Traces (Enabled = T) 5
0
5
0
5
0
******************************************************************************
ccccb:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ccfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnmsg:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupmsg:
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
******************************************************************************
Trunk 4
0
1
1
2
2
3
Traces (Enabled = T) 5
0
5
0
5
0
******************************************************************************
ccccb:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ccfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isdnmsg:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupfsm:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - isupmsg:
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
******************************************************************************
[2020/09/07 23:58:48]: Command "show trace" completed
15694.1100-slot7-user>
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7.2.4.19
7-35
The show trunks Command
You use the show trunks command to display the information about the
trunks configured on the SP201-SA.
How to Use the show trunks Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show trunks and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed:
user> show trunks
Trunk Dchan Type Protocol
------------------------1
T1
R2
2
T1
R2
3
D24I T1
ETSI ISDN
4
D24I T1
ETSI ISDN
user>
7.2.4.20
The show version Command
You use the show version command to view the software version number and
release date.
How to Use the show version Command
1
At the user> prompt, type show version and press Enter.
™ Information similar to the following is displayed, where the
Release Date format is month/day/year hour:minute:second. Hours
are shown in a 24-hour format.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
user> show version
*************************************************************
************** APPLICATION VERSION INFORMATION **************
*************************************************************
Application:
DTMF/ITU Q.767 C7 Standalone
Application Part Number: 14752.0705
Package Part Number:
15141.0705
Release Date:
10/18/01 20:45:15
*************************************************************
user>
7.2.5
Traces
Traces are diagnostic commands; they are used only for debugging
purposes. Each type of trace monitors a specific part of transmissions. In
most cases, trace information should be collected and sent to Technical
Services at Encore Networks, Inc., for analysis and problem detection.
!
Caution: Traces are disruptive; they affect system performance. They
consume resources, slowing processing speed. Run a trace only to help
analyze problems.
You can run more than one trace simultaneously. However, running
multiple traces may cause the SP201-SA to reset.
Use of traces is not meant for a live network. Contact Technical Services
before you use a trace command.
In SignalPath software version 1070, the trace commands changed from
those of previous software versions. The former trace commands are not
available in version 1070 and later. Table 7-4 lists the mapping of former
trace commands (before software version 1070) to new trace commands
(version 1070 and later).
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Monitoring and Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Software
7-37
Table 7-4. Mapping of Old to New Trace Commands (1 of 2)
Former
Command
config
traceflags 1
trace on/
off 4
Former
Command Supported
Type
Trace
New
Command
user
cc ccb
trace ccCcb
anything to
ISDN
debug 2
n.a. 3
cc debug
trace
ccdebug
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
cc error
trace
ccerror
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
cc state
machine
trace ccfsm
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
cc tracehi
trace
cchigh
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
cc
tracemed
trace
ccmed
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
isdn raw
cir 0
trace
isdncir0
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
isdn state
machine
trace
isdnfsm
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
isdn raw
trace
isdnmsg
anything to
ISDN
user
yes
isup state
machine
trace
isupfsm
anything to
ISDN
debug
n.a.
isup raw
trace
isupmsg
CAS to ISDN
user
no
SS7 to ISDN
user
yes
trace isup
CAS to SS7
user
yes
CAS to ISDN
user
no
SS7 to SS7
user
yes
user
trace
Application
New
Command Automated
Type
Use
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
7-38
Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Table 7-4. Mapping of Old to New Trace Commands (2 of 2)
Former
Command Supported
Type
Trace
New
Command
tracechan
tk:ts on/
off 5
user
trace cas
traceiw
on/off
user
Former
Command
tracechan
traceiw
trace iw
Application
New
Command Automated
Type
Use
CAS bulk
caller
user
yes
CAS to
anything
user
yes
CAS to
anything
debug
n.a.
1. The former config traceflags command has been divided into its constituent parts.
2. To use debug commands, contact your Encore Networks, Inc., sales representative.
3. Automated use applies only to user commands; “n.a.” means “not applicable.”
4. As indicated, the former trace command has become the new trace isup command. There is also a new trace
command. In the new trace command, trace on enables automated trace functions, and trace off stops all traces.
To use the new trace command, see Section 7.2.5.5, The trace Command.
5. In this command, tk represents the trunk number and ts represents the trunk’s timeslot.
Note: Trace information is derived from the signaling timeslots but traces
are not run on the signaling timeslots. If you specify a range that begins or
ends on a signaling timeslot, a warning message will indicate that the trace
cannot run on a signalling timeslot or on its peer timeslot. However, all other
valid traces will be performed. (If a specified range includes one or more
signaling timeslots, but the beginning and ending timeslots are not signaling
timeslots, no message is displayed. The trace is run without such comment.)
The following subsections describe trace commands used to monitor a
card’s channels:
• Section 7.2.5.1, The trace cas Command
• Section 7.2.5.2, The trace isup Command
• Section 7.2.5.3, The trace isdnmsg Command
• Section 7.2.5.4, The trace isupmsg Command
• Section 7.2.5.5, The trace Command
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Note: The show trace command indicates the traces that are enabled. See
Section 7.2.4.18, The show trace Command.
7.2.5.1
The trace cas Command
The trace cas command, available for CAS protocols, is used to display
detailed information about interworking messages sent between protocols.
You can trace one or more timeslots, up to all timeslots on the SP201-SA.
The trace cas command replaces the former tracechan command.
You can specify this trace; it is also an automated trace function. (To use
automated trace functions, see Section 7.2.5.5, The trace Command.)
How to Enable the trace cas Command
!
1
Caution: Do not use the trace cas command for more than one channel
on a card when the card is passing a large volume of traffic; otherwise,
you may lose calls.
If you want to turn tracechan on, type trace cas m:n on at the
user> prompt, and press Enter,
where m represents the trunk and n represents the timeslot you want
to trace.
™ While the trace for a single timeslot is on, information similar to
the following is displayed. (Information is displayed in a different
format for more than one timeslot.)
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user> trace cas 1:2 on
Trace enabled
[2004/08/02 19:37:19]: Command "trace cas 1:2 on" completed
user>
[2004/08/02 19:37:19.326]
hh:mm:ss:ttt task tk/ts
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
19:37:19.328 S7--> 5:2
19:37:19.328 S7
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
19:37:19.328 DT
1:2
etc.
input
output
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
1000
1000
1000
in out
dt dt
-
[14914.1100] [1:2]
event
state [1:2]
NONE
DT_RESET
EVT_RELEASE
DT_IDLE
iam
on CIC 2
EVT_C_IAM
S7C_SEIZE
EVT_C_IAM
CDT_PREP CALL
EVT_C_IAM
CDT_SEIZE
EVT_NEXT_STATE CDT_DIALDT
1
2
where:
• hh:mm:ss.ttt represents the time of the trace information, in hours,
minutes, seconds, and thousandths of a second.
• task represents the type of signaling being performed.
• tk/ts represents the trunk and timeslot being traced.
• input represents the signaling bits (A, B, C, and D) being input to
the SP201-SA.
• output represents the signaling bits (A, B, C, and D) the SP201-SA
is sending back.
• in dt is used for CAS signals coming in—that is, from SS7 to CAS.
(In the example, the CAS protocol is DTMF.)
• out dt is used for CAS signals going out—that is, from CAS to SS7.
(In the example, the CAS protocol is DTMF.)
• event represents the event that occurred in the transmission.
• state represents the state caused by the event.
• [yyyyy.zzzz] (in the example, [14914.1100]) indicates the software
application and version (release) the card is using.
• [m:n] (in the example, [1:2]) indicates the trunk and channel being
traced. (This is shown when tracing only one channel.)
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
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!
7-41
Caution: You can enable trace cas for more than one timeslot,
as shown in the following list of formats for the trace cas
command; however, this is not advised because of the
possibility of losing calls.
usage:
or
or
or
trace
trace
trace
trace
cas
cas
cas
cas
[trk:ts] [on/off]
[trk:ts] [trk:ts] [on/off]
[trk] [on/off]
all [on/off]
If you enable trace cas for more than one timeslot, a warning is
displayed.
user> trace cas all on
************************************************************
* WARNING!!! Multi-channel tracing is NOT intended for
*
*
operational use! Its use in high traffic
*
*
may cause improper operation and may even
*
*
cause a program reset.
*
************************************************************
Do you wish to continue (y/N) : y
Then, if you answer y, the trace is enabled.
Traces enabled
[2130/08/25 18:57:02]: Command "trace cas all on" completed
15586.1100-slot4-user>
Information will be displayed, similar to that shown below.
Note: If you enable trace cas for more than one timeslot, and later
wish to stop the trace, type trace cas off and press Enter.
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user> 18:57:17.263
18:57:17.264 S7<-18:57:17.265 S7
18:57:17.267 S7-->
18:57:17.267 S7<-18:57:17.268 S7
18:57:17.270 S7-->
18:57:17.270 S7<-18:57:17.271 S7
. . .
18:57:17.337 S7-->
18:57:17.338 S7<-18:57:17.338 S7
18:57:17.340 S7-->
18:57:17.341 S7<-18:57:17.341 S7
. . .
18:57:17.453
18:57:17.453
18:57:17.454
. . .
18:57:17.571
18:57:17.571
18:57:17.572
S7--> 5:01
5:01 rsc
rel
on CIC 1
on CIC 1
5:02
5:02
rel
rsc
on CIC 2
on CIC 2
5:03
5:03
rel
rsc
on CIC 3
on CIC 3
5:24
5:24
rel
rsc
on CIC 24
on CIC 24
6:01
6:01
rel
rsc
on CIC 32
on CIC 32
S7--> 7:12
S7<-- 7:12
S7
rel
rsc
S7--> 8:24
S7<-- 8:24
S7
rel
rsc
EVT_T17_TIMEOU
S7_RESET
EVT_T17_TIMEOU
S7_RESET
EVT_T17_TIMEOU
S7_RESET
EVT_T17_TIMEOU
S7_RESET
EVT_T17_TIMEOU
S7_RESET
EVT_T17_TIMEOU
S7_RESET
EVT_T17_TIMEOU
S7_RESET
on CIC 74
on CIC 74
on CIC 117
on CIC 117
trace cas off
All channel traces are now off
[2130/08/25 18:57:47]: Command "trace cas off" completed
How to Turn Off the trace cas Command
1
If you want to turn trace cas off, do one of the following:
a
Type trace cas m:n off and press Enter.
™ This command turns off the trace cas command for trunk m,
timeslot n.
b
Type trace cas off and press Enter.
™ As shown below, this command turns off the trace cas command
for all channels.
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trace cas off
All channel traces are now off
[2130/08/25 18:57:47]: Command "trace cas off" completed
c
Type trace off and press Enter.
™ All traces are stopped.
user> trace off
[2129/01/06 23:05:25]: Command "trace off" completed
user>
7.2.5.2
The trace isup Command
The trace isup command, available for SS7 protocols, allows you to trace all
or specified details of ANSI SS7 or ITU C7 messages. The trace isup
command replaces the former trace command. (To use the new trace
command, see Section 7.2.5.5, The trace Command.)
You can specify this trace. In CAS-to-SS7 signaling or SS7-to-SS7 signaling,
this is also an automated trace function. (To use automated trace functions,
see Section 7.2.5.5, The trace Command.)
Note: If you wish to trace more than one detail but not all details, you must
enter the trace isup command once for each detail.
How to Enable the trace isup Command
1
To trace an SS7 message type, type trace isup on at the user>
prompt, and press Enter.
™ The trace starts. One of the following messages is displayed.
• If the card’s SS7 software is only for ANSI SS7 or only for ITU C7
(or a variant), the following prompt is displayed. Go to Step 3.
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Chapter 7: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Point Code :
• If the card has software for ANSI SS7 to ITU C7 (or a variant), a
prompt asks which side (ANSI or ITU) to configure.
Enter 'ansi' or 'itu' if point code to be used :
2
Do one of the following:
a
If you do not wish to enter a point code, press Enter without typing
anything.
Note: We recommend the default (that is, not typing a point code),
so that the trace will accept transmissions from all point codes.
If you want to use a point code, the system will filter transmissions
to accept messages only from the point code you enter.
™ The following prompt is displayed. Go to Step 4.
CIC :
b
If you wish to enter a point code for ANSI SS7 connections, type
ansi and press Enter.
c
If you wish to enter a point code for ITU C7 connections, type itu
and press Enter.
™ If you typed ansi or itu, the following prompt is displayed:
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Point Code :
3
Type the point code, in the format x-y-z, and press Enter.
Note: We recommend the default (that is, not typing a point code),
so that the trace will accept transmissions from all point codes.
If you want to use a point code, the system will filter transmissions
to accept messages only from the point code you enter.
Note: Get all point codes from your network administrator.
™ The following prompt appears.
CIC :
4
Type the number of the CIC you wish to trace, and press Enter.
™ The following prompt, for message type, is displayed:
Message Type (enter "?" for list):
5
Do one of the following:
a
If you know the code for the message type you wish to trace, go to
Step 6.
b
If you wish to abandon the trace, type exit and press Enter.
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™ The trace aborts and the user> prompt is displayed. Go to
Step 7.
c
If you wish to see a list of codes for message type, type ? and press
Enter.
™ The following list appears, followed by the prompt for message
type:
message type, one of
ALL
acm
anm
cgba
cqm
cqr
con
cot
cpg
cvt
drs
exm
grsa
iam
inf
res
rlc
rsc
usr
blo
cgu
cqm
faa
inr
sam
bla
cgua
cqr
far
lpa
sus
ccr
cmc
cra
fot
olm
uba
cfn
cmr
crm
frj
pam
ubl
cgb
cmrj
cvr
grs
rel
ucic
enter "exit" to abort command
Message Type (enter "?" for list):
6
Do one of the following:
a
To trace all SS7 messages on this CIC, type all and press Enter.
b
To trace a specific message type, type its code (for example, iam) and
press Enter.
™ The following message appears, followed by the user>
prompt.
Command "trace isup on" completed
7
If you wish to enable trace isup for another message type, go to Step 1.
How to Disable the trace isup Command
1
You may turn off trace isup at any point. To do so, type trace isup
off and press Enter.
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™ All trace isup routines stop, and the user> prompt is displayed.
Command "trace isup off" completed
user>
7.2.5.3
The trace isdnmsg Command
The trace isdnmsg command, available for ISDN protocols, is used to enable
or disable display of the ISDN raw message trace.
You can specify this trace; it is also an automated trace function. (To use
automated traces, see Section 7.2.5.5, The trace Command.)
Note: The trace isdnmsg command is a constituent part of the former config
traceflags command.
How to Use the trace isdnmsg Command
1
To start an ISDN raw message trace, do one of the following at the
user> prompt, where trk represents the trunk number and ts
represents the timeslot (channel) number:
a
To start an ISDN raw message trace for a specific timeslot, type
trace isdnmsg trk:ts on and press Enter.
b
To start an ISDN raw message trace for a range of timeslots, type
trace isdnmsg trk1:ts1 trk2:ts2 on and press Enter,
where trk1:ts1 represents the range’s beginning trunk and timeslot
and trk2:ts2 represents the ending trunk and timeslot.
c
To start an ISDN raw message trace for all timeslots on a single
trunk, type trace isdnmsg trk on and press Enter.
d
To start an ISDN raw message trace for all timeslots on all trunks,
type trace isdnmsg all on and press Enter.
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™ The ISDN raw message trace is started. A message similar to the
following is displayed.
Command "trace isdnmsg 3:4 7:4 on" completed
2
To end an ISDN raw message trace, do one of the following at the
user> prompt, where trk represents the trunk number and ts
represents the timeslot (channel) number:
a
To stop an ISDN raw message trace for a specific timeslot, type
trace isdnmsg trk:ts off and press Enter.
b
To stop an ISDN raw message trace for a range of timeslots, type
trace isdnmsg trk1:ts1 trk2:ts2 off and press Enter,
where trk1:ts1 represents the range’s beginning trunk and timeslot
and trk2:ts2 represents the ending trunk and timeslot.
c
To stop an ISDN raw message trace for all timeslots on a single trunk,
type trace isdnmsg trk off and press Enter.
d
To stop an ISDN raw message trace for all timeslots on all trunks,
type trace isdnmsg all off and press Enter.
™ The ISDN raw message trace is stopped. A message similar to the
following is displayed.
Command "trace isdnmsg all off" completed
7.2.5.4
The trace isupmsg Command
The trace isupmsg command, available for ISDN protocols, is used to enable
or disable display of the ISUP raw message trace.
You can specify this trace; in SS7-to-ISDN signaling, it is also an automated
trace function. (To use automated traces, see Section 7.2.5.5, The trace
Command.)
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Note: The trace isupmsg command is a constituent part of the former config
traceflags command.
How to Use the trace isupmsg Command
1
To start an ISUP raw message trace, do one of the following at the
user> prompt, where trk represents the trunk number and ts
represents the timeslot (channel) number:
a
To start an ISUP raw message trace for a specific timeslot, type
trace isupmsg trk:ts on and press Enter.
b
To start an ISUP raw message trace for a range of timeslots, type
trace isupmsg trk1:ts1 trk2:ts2 on and press Enter,
where trk1:ts1 represents the range’s beginning trunk and timeslot
and trk2:ts2 represents the ending trunk and timeslot.
c
To start an ISUP raw message trace for all timeslots on a single trunk,
type trace isupmsg trk on and press Enter.
d
To start an ISUP raw message trace for all timeslots on all trunks,
type trace isupmsg all on and press Enter.
™ The ISUP raw message trace is started. A message similar to the
following is displayed.
Command "trace isupmsg 2:14 7:9 on" completed
2
To end an ISUP raw message trace, do one of the following at the
user> prompt, where trk represents the trunk number and ts
represents the timeslot (channel) number:
a
To stop an ISUP raw message trace for a specific timeslot, type
trace isupmsg trk:ts off and press Enter.
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b
To stop an ISUP raw message trace for a range of timeslots, type
trace isupmsg trk1:ts1 trk2:ts2 off and press Enter,
where trk1:ts1 represents the range’s beginning trunk and timeslot
and trk2:ts2 represents the ending trunk and timeslot.
c
To stop an ISUP raw message trace for all timeslots on a single trunk,
type trace isupmsg trk off and press Enter.
d
To stop an ISUP raw message trace for all timeslots on all trunks,
type trace isupmsg all off and press Enter.
™ The ISUP raw message trace is stopped. A message similar to the
following is displayed.
Command "trace isupmsg all off" completed
7.2.5.5
The trace Command
Note: The new trace command, in SignalPath software version 1070 and
later, is not a revision of the former trace command; it is a different
command. Please read this section carefully for details.
To use the replacement for the former trace command, see Section 7.2.5.2, The
trace isup Command.
The trace command, available for all protocols, turns on the automated trace
functions available on the SP201-SA. The specific trace functions available
depend on the software in the SP201-SA.
The following sections discuss trace functions that are automated. (Table 7-4
indicates the software in which specific traces are automated.)
• Section 7.2.5.1, The trace cas Command
• Section 7.2.5.2, The trace isup Command
• Section 7.2.5.3, The trace isdnmsg Command
• Section 7.2.5.4, The trace isupmsg Command
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The following sections discuss use of the trace command:
• Section 7.2.5.5.1, Using trace off
• Section 7.2.5.5.2, Using trace on
7.2.5.5.1
Using trace off
The trace off command is used to end all trace functions, not just automated
trace functions. When you use this command, you can stop all traces on
specific trunks and timeslots, or you can stop all traces on all timeslots.
Note: If you wish to start automated traces, see Section 7.2.5.5.2, Using trace
on.
How to Use the trace off Command
1
To end all trace functions, do one of the following at the user>
prompt, where trk represents the trunk number and ts represents the
timeslot (channel) number:
a
To stop automatic trace functions for a specific timeslot, type
trace off trk:ts and press Enter.
b
To stop automatic trace functions for a range of timeslots, type
trace off trk1:ts1 trk2:ts2 and press Enter,
where trk1:ts1 represents the range’s beginning trunk and timeslot
and trk2:ts2 represents the ending trunk and timeslot.
c
To stop automatic trace functions for all timeslots on a single trunk,
type trace off trk and press Enter.
d
To stop automatic trace functions for all timeslots on all trunks, type
trace off and press Enter.
™ If you used trace off without specifying trunks or timeslots, all
traces on all timeslots on the card stop. If you specified trunks and
timeslots on the card, traces on the specified trunks and timeslots
stop. A message similar to the following is displayed.
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Command "trace off" completed
7.2.5.5.2
Using trace on
The trace on command is used to start all automated trace functions that are
available in the card’s software. When you use this command, you can start
automated traces on specific trunks and timeslots, or you can start
automated traces on all timeslots.
How to Use the trace on Command
1
To start automatic trace functions, do one of the following at the
user> prompt, where trk represents the trunk number and ts
represents the timeslot (channel) number:
a
To start automatic trace functions for a specific timeslot, type
trace on trk:ts and press Enter.
b
To start automatic trace functions for a range of timeslots, type
trace on trk1:ts1 trk2:ts2 and press Enter,
where trk1:ts1 represents the range’s beginning trunk and timeslot
and trk2:ts2 represents the ending trunk and timeslot.
c
To start automatic trace functions for all timeslots on a single trunk,
type trace on trk and press Enter.
d
To start automatic trace functions for all timeslots on all trunks, type
trace on all and press Enter.
™ If you used trace on all, the automatic trace functions are started
on all timeslots on the card. If you specified trunks or timeslots, the
automatic trace functions are started on the specified trunks and
timeslots. A message similar to the following is displayed.
Command "trace on 1:20" completed
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To end all trace functions, follow the procedure in Section 7.2.5.5.1, Using
trace off.
7.3
Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Hardware
The following sections contain tables that list problems you may encounter,
possible causes of those problems, and recommended solutions when
installing, configuring, and maintaining the SP201-SA equipment.
7.3.1
Troubleshooting during Installation of the SP201-SA
Table 7-5 describes problems you could encounter during installation, along
with possible solutions.
Table 7-5. Possible Installation Problems (1 of 2)
Problem
Possible Cause
Possible Solution
The unit is not
receiving
power.
• Unit is not connected
to power source.
• Make sure the power cord
is plugged into a power
source. See Section 1.4,
Connecting to the Power
Source.
• A power supply is not
functioning properly.
• Call Technical Services.
• The power supply
temperature has
reached or exceeded
212° F (100° C).
• Determine the cause of
the elevated temperature
and lower it.
• The power supply
voltage is below the
minimum required
voltage.
• Check and adjust the
incoming voltage to
match the SP201-SA
requirements.
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Table 7-5. Possible Installation Problems (2 of 2)
Problem
Possible Cause
• Connector pins are
The control
incorrectly set.
console is not
communicating
with the
SP201-SA.
• The RS-232
configuration
parameters are set
incorrectly.
• You are incorrectly
connecting a DTE or
DCE device.
SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
Possible Solution
• Refer to Section 1.5,
Connecting to the Control
Console, for correct
pinouts.
• Check the settings against
those recommended in
Section 1.5, Connecting to
the Control Console. Then
check the documentation
for your PC or terminal.
• Refer to Section 1.5,
Connecting to the Control
Console, for options you
can use to establish
communication.
Troubleshooting the SP201-SA Hardware
7.3.2
7-55
Troubleshooting during Configuration and Maintenance of
the SP201-SA
Table 7-6 describes possible solutions to problems you could encounter
while configuring, operating, and maintaining the SP201-SA.
Table 7-6. Possible Configuration Problems
Problem
Possible Cause
Possible Solution
Signaling
conversion is
behaving
erratically.
• Trunks may be
down or in alarm
states.
• Check the trunks for
alarm status.
• The software
configuration may
need adjustment.
• Review the settings for
each parameter. Revise
settings as needed. In
particular, check any
manual configuration of
connections, timeslots,
or CICs.
• If necessary, warmstart
the SP201-SA.
• The hardware
configuration does
not match the
software
configuration.
• After checking that the
hardware configuration
is correct, warmstart the
SP201-SA.
• If necessary, execute the
coldstart command to
reset the SP201-SA
parameters to factory
defaults.
!
Caution: If you
perform a coldstart, you
will lose all custom
settings, and you will
need to reconfigure
them.
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SP201-SA™ Customization and Maintenance Guide
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