Crown | IQ-SLM 8 | Instruction manual | Crown IQ-SLM 8 Instruction manual

I-Tech HD Series
I-T5000 HD
Operation Manual
I-T9000 HD
I-T12000 HD
Obtaining Other Language Versions: To obtain information in another language about the use of this product, please contact your
local Crown Distributor. If you need assistance locating your local distributor, please contact Crown at 574-294-8000.
This manual does not include all of the details of design, production, or variations of the equipment. Nor does it cover every possible
situation which may arise during installation, operation or maintenance.
The information provided in this manual was deemed accurate as of the publication date. However, updates to this information may have
occurred. To obtain the latest version of this manual, please visit the Crown website at www.crownaudio.com.
Trademark Notice: Crown, Crown Audio, IQ, BCA, and Amcron are registered trademarks of Crown International. HiQnet is a trademark
of Harman International Industries, Inc. Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Some models may be exported under the name Amcron.®
©2008 by Crown Audio® Inc., 1718 W. Mishawaka Rd., Elkhart, Indiana 46517-9439 U.S.A. Telephone: 574-294-8000
140811-1
12/08
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
Important Safety Instructions
Wichtige Sicherheitsinstruktionen
Importantes Instructions de Sécurité
Instrucciones de Seguridad Importantes
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with a dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat
registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers)
that produce heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or
grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with
one wider than the other. A grounding-type plug has two
blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or
the third prong is provided for your safety. If the provided
plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for
replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched,
particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point
where they exit from the apparatus.
11. Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12. Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified
by the manufacturer, or sold with the apparatus. When a
cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus
combination to avoid injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when
unused for long periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing
is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any
way, such as power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid
has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus,
the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does
not operate normally, or has been dropped.
15. Use the mains plug to disconnect the apparatus from the
mains.
16. WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC
SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPARATUS TO RAIN OR
MOISTURE.
17. DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO DRIPPING OR
SPLASHING AND ENSURE THAT NO OBJECTS FILLED
WITH LIQUIDS, SUCH AS VASES, ARE PLACED ON THE
EQUIPMENT.
18. THE MAINS PLUG OF THE POWER SUPPLY CORD SHALL
REMAIN READILY OPERABLE.
page 2
The I-Tech Series amplifiers are certified only
at 120V in Canada.
IMPORTANT
À PRÉVENIR LE CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE N’ENLEVEZ PAS LES
COUVERCLES. IL N’Y A PAS DES PARTIES SERVICEABLE
À L’INTÉRIEUR. TOUS REPARATIONS DOIT ETRE FAIRE PAR
PERSONNEL QUALIFIÉ SEULMENT.
I-Tech Series amplifiers require Class 2 output wiring.
Les amplificateurs de série de I-Tech exigent des câbles de sortie de
classe 2.
I-Tech-Reihe-Verstärker verlangen Klasse die 2 Produktionsverdrahtung.
Los amplificadores de la Serie I-Tech requieren de un cableado de
salida Clase 2.
MAGNETIC FIELD
PARA PREVENIR UN CHOQUE ELÉCTRICO, NO RETIRE LAS
CUBIERTAS SUPERIOR O INFERIOR. NO EXISTEN PARTES QUE
PUEDAN SER REPARADAS POR EL USUARIO AL INTERIOR.
REMITA EL SERVICICO AL PERSONAL TÉCHNICAL CALIFICADO.
CAUTION! Do not locate sensitive high-gain equipment such as preamplifiers directly above or below the unit. Because this amplifier has a
high power density, it has a strong magnetic field which can induce hum
into unshielded devices that are located nearby. The field is strongest
just above and below the unit.
TO COMPLETELY DISCONNECT THIS EQUIPMENT FROM THE
AC MAINS, DISCONNECT THE POWER SUPPLY CORD PLUG
FROM THE AC RECEPTACLE. THE MAINS PLUG OF THE POWER
SUPPLY CORD SHALL REMAIN READILY OPERABLE.
If an equipment rack is used, we recommend locating the amplifiers)
in the bottom of the rack and the preamplifier or other sensitive equipment at the top.
TO PREVENT ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT REMOVE TOP OR
BOTTOM COVERS. NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
POUR DÉMONTER COMPLÈTEMENT L’ÉQUIPEMENT DE
L’ALIMENTATION GÉNÉRALE, DÉMONTER LE CÂBLE D’ALIMENTATION DE SON RÉCEPTACLE. LA PRISE D’ALIMENTATION
RESTERA AISÉMENT FONCTIONNELLE.
PARA DESCONECTAR COMPLETAMENTE EL EQUIPO DEL
SUMINSTRO ELECTRICO, DESCONECTE EL CABLE DE ALIMENTACION DE LA TOMA DE CA. LAS PATAS DEL CONECTOR
DEL CABLE DE ALIMENTACIÓN DEBERAN MANTENERSE EN
BUEN ESTADO.
FCC COMPLIANCE NOTICE
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
complicance could void the user’s authority to operate the euqipment.
WATCH FOR THESE SYMBOLS:
The lightning bolt triangle is used to alert the user to the risk of
electric shock.
The exclamation point triangle is used to alert the user to
important operating or maintenance instructions.
REGARDEZ CES SYMBOLES:
La triangle avec le sigle ‘’foudre’’ est employée pour alerter
l’utilisateur au risque de décharge électrique. Le triangle avec
un point d’exclamation est employée pour alerter l’utilisateur
d’instruction importantes pour lors opérations de maintenance.
ATENCION CON ESTOS SÍMBOLOS:
El triángulo con el símbolo de rayo eléctrico es usado para
alertar al usuario de el riesgo de un choque eléctrico.
El triángulo con el signo de admiración es usado para alertar
al usuario de instrucciones importantes de operación o mantenimiento.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used
in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged
to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
DECLARATION of CONFORMITY
Crown International, Inc.
ISSUED BY: Crown International, Inc.
1718 W. Mishawaka Road
Elkhart, Indiana 46517 U.S.A.
FOR COMPLIANCE QUESTIONS ONLY:
Sue Whitfield
574-294-8289
European Representative’s Name and Address:
David Budge
10 Harvest Close
Yateley GU46 6YS
United Kingdom
Equipment Type: Commercial Audio Power Amplifiers
Family Name: I-Tech HD
Model Names: I-T5000HD, I-T9000HD, I-T12000HD
EMC Standards:
EN 55103-1:1997 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Product Family Standard for Audio, Video, Audio-Visual and Entertainment Lighting Control Apparatus for Professional Use, Part 1: Emissions
EN 55103-1:1997 Magnetic Field Emissions-Annex A @ 10 cm and 20 cm
EN 61000-3-2:2005 and AMD1:2008 Limits for Harmonic Current Emissions (equipment input current less than or equal to 16 A per phase)
EN 61000-3-3:2008 Limitation of Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker in Low-Voltage Supply Systems Rated Current less than or equal to16A
EN 55022:2006 Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Disturbance Characteristics of ITE: Radiated, Class B Limits; Conducted, Class A
EN 55103-2:1997 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Product Family Standard for Audio, Video, Audio-Visual and Entertainment Lighting Control Apparatus for Professional Use, Part 2: Immunity
EN 61000-4-2:2001 Electrostatic Discharge Immunity (Environment E2-Criteria B, 4k V Contact, 8k V Air Discharge)
EN 61000-4-3:2006 Radiated, Radio-Frequency, Electromagnetic Immunity (Environment E2, criteria A)
EN 61000-4-4:2007 Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Immunity (Criteria B)
EN 61000-4-5:2006 Surge Immunity (Criteria B)
EN 61000-4-6:2006 Immunity to Conducted Disturbances Induced by Radio-Frequency Fields (Criteria A)
EN 61000-4-11:2004 Voltage Dips, Short Interruptions and Voltage Variation
Safety Standard:
IEC 60065: 2001 7th Ed. and AMD 1: 2005 Safety Requirements - Audio Video and Similar Electronic Apparatus
I certify that the product identified above conforms to the requirements of the EMC Council Directive 89/336/EEC as amended by 92/31/EEC, and the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EES as amended by 93/68/EEC.
Signed
Date of Issue: November 1, 2008
Andrew Stump
Title: Director of Manufacturing
Operation Manual
Due to line current harmonics, we recommend that you contact your supply authority before connection.
page 3
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
Table of Contents
Important Safety Instructions ............................................................2
4.6 Digital Audio Options (AES/EBU) ............................................26
Declaration of Conformity.................................................................. 3
4.7 Networking the Amplifier.........................................................26
Table of Contents ............................................................................... 4
4.8 Software-Controllable Onboard DSP .....................................26
1 Welcome ........................................................5
5 Troubleshooting .................................................39
1.1 Features .................................................................................5
6 Specifications ...................................................41
1.2 How to Use This Manual .........................................................5
7 AC Power Draw and Thermal Dissipation....................45
2 Setup .............................................................6
8 Advanced Features .............................................48
2.1 Unpack and Install Your Amplifier ..........................................6
8.1 Protection Systems ................................................................ 48
2.2 Connecting to AC Mains ........................................................7
8.2 Global, Switching Power Supply with PFC ............................. 48
2.3 Wire Inputs and Outputs ......................................................... 7
8.3 3rd Generation Class I Circuitry .............................................. 48
3 Operation ........................................................11
8.4. Color-Coded Rear Overlay .................................................... 498
3.1 Protecting Your Speakers ........................................................ 11
9 Appendix A: Network and CobraNet Basics ..................49
3.2 Startup Procedure ..................................................................11
Appendix B: Setting Sensitivity for Best Gain Staging ......53
3.3 Precautions ............................................................................ 11
10 Service ..........................................................54
3.4 Front Panel Controls and Indicators ....................................... 12
11 Warranty ........................................................55
3.5 Back Panel Controls, Indicators and Connectors .................... 13
Product Registration .......................................................................... 57
4 Advanced Operation ............................................14
Crown Factory Service Information Form .......................................... 59
4.1 Advanced Operation Table of Contents ....................................14
4.2 Navigating the LCD Control Screen ......................................... 15
4.3 Presets ................................................................................... 23
4.4 File Transfer Via the USB Port..................................................24
4.5 List of Pop-Up Boxes and Descriptions ................................... 25
page 4
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
I-T5000HD
20 Hz - 20 kHz
Power
2-ohm Dual (per ch.)
1,800W
2,000W
1,250W
3,600W
4,000W
4-ohm Dual (per ch.)
8-ohm Dual (per ch.)
4-ohm Bridge
8-ohm Bridge
20 Hz - 20 kHz Power refers to guaranteed
minimum power in watts with 0.35% THD.
1 Welcome
I-T9000HD
20 Hz - 20 kHz
Power
2-ohm Dual (per ch.)
4-ohm Dual (per ch.)
2,500W
3,000W
1,500W
5,000W
6,000W
8-ohm Dual (per ch.)
4-ohm Bridge
8-ohm Bridge
20 Hz - 20 kHz Power refers to guaranteed
minimum power in watts with 0.35% THD.
The Crown® I-Tech HD Series offers amazing
power, light weight and ease of use for touring
sound applications. Unlike other amplifiers, it
includes onboard high-definition DSP, an LCD
control screen, and a built-in network
connection.
Modern power amplifiers are sophisticated
pieces of engineering capable of producing
extremely high power levels. They must be
treated with respect and correctly installed if
they are to provide the many years of reliable
service for which they were designed.
In addition, I-Tech Series amplifiers include a
number of features which require some
explanation before they can be used to their
maximum advantage.
I-T12000HD
20 Hz - 20 kHz
Power
2-ohm Dual (per ch.)
4-ohm Dual (per ch.)
3,500W
4,000W
2,100W
7,000W
8,000W
8-ohm Dual (per ch.)
4-ohm Bridge
8-ohm Bridge
20 Hz - 20 kHz Power refers to guaranteed
minimum power in watts with 0.35% THD.
Please take the time to study this manual so that
you can obtain the best possible service from
your amplifier.
1.1 Features
• Global Power Supply with PFC (Power Factor
Correction) works anywhere in the world.
• High power density, up to 8000 watts in a 2U
chassis.
• Highest output voltage in the industry (200V
peak) provides clean transient peaks.
®
• 3rd-generation patented Class I (BCA )
circuitry couples power efficiently to the load
and provides low AC current draw.
Operation Manual
• Onboard high-definition DSP with 24-bit,
192 kHz Cirrus Logic SHARC A/D and D/A
converters. Advanced IIR filters and linearphase FIR filters.
• Pushbutton presets simplify setup. Custom
presets for various loudspeakers can be
downloaded.
• AES/EBU digital audio input.
• EtherCon® Ethernet connector for HiQnet™
control or CobraNet digital audio transport.
This “Single Plug” connection allows HiQnet
protocol and CobraNet digital audio through the
same CAT 5 cable.
• Analog and digital thru connectors.
• LCD Control Screen is used to adjust the
amplifier’s attenuation and muting, configure
the amp, set up and view error monitoring, and
recall DSP presets to reconfigure the amp for
various applications.
• Comprehensive array of indicators provide
accurate diagnostics: Power, Data, along with
Ready, Signal, Clip, Thermal and Fault for each
channel.
• AC mains indicator in power switch glows
green when AC power is present.
• Front-panel USB connector accepts a USB
drive to transfer presets from the drive to the
amplifier DSP, and vice versa.
• Light weight due to aluminum chassis,
special internal construction and switching
power supply.
• Thermal management controller and two
discrete thermal zones with variable-speed fans,
forced-air cooling.
• Advanced protection circuitry guards against:
shorted outputs, DC, mismatched loads,
general overheating, under/over voltage, highfrequency overloads and internal faults.
• Three-Year, No-Fault, Fully Transferable
Warranty completely protects your investment
and guarantees its specifications.
1.2 How to Use This Manual
This manual provides you with the necessary
information to safely and correctly setup and
operate your amplifier. It does not cover every
aspect of installation, setup or operation that
might occur under every condition. For
additional information, please consult the
online help in System Architect software,
Crown’s Amplifier Application Guide, I-Tech
Application Guide (available online at www.
crownaudio.com), Crown Technical Support,
your system installer or retailer.
We strongly recommend you read all
instructions, warnings and cautions contained
in this manual. Also, for your protection, please
send in your warranty registration card today.
And save your bill of sale — it’s your official
proof of purchase.
page 5
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.1 Unpack and Install Your
Amplifier
Please unpack and inspect your amplifier for
any damage that may have occurred during
transit. If damage is found, notify the
transportation company immediately. Only you
can initiate a claim for shipping damage. Crown
will be happy to help as needed. Save the
shipping carton as evidence of damage for the
shipper’s inspection.
We also recommend that you save all packing
materials so you will have them if you ever need
to transport the unit. Never ship the unit
without the factory pack.
CAUTION: Before you begin, make sure
your amplifier is disconnected from the
power source, with the power switch in
the “off” position and all level controls
turned completely down (counterclockwise).
Use a standard 19-inch (48.3 cm)
equipment rack (EIA RS-310B). See
Figure 2.1 for amplifier dimensions.
When using an equipment rack, mount units
directly on top of each other. Close any open
spaces in rack with blank panels. DO NOT block
front or rear air vents. The side walls of the rack
should be a minimum of two inches (5.1 cm)
away from the amplifier sides, and the back of
the rack should be a minimum of four inches
(10.2 cm) from the amplifier back panel.
Figure 2.2 illustrates standard amplifier airflow.
You may also stack amps without using a
cabinet.
NOTE: When transporting, amplifiers should be
supported at both front and back.
YOU WILL NEED (not supplied):
•
Input wiring cables
•
Output wiring cables
•
Ethernet cables
• Rack for mounting amplifier (or a stable
surface for stacking)
WARNING: Before you start to set up
your amplifier, make sure you read and
observe the Important Safety Instructions found at the beginning of this
manual.
MAGNETIC FIELD
CAUTION! Do not locate sensitive high-gain
equipment such as preamplifiers or tape decks
directly above or below the unit. Because this
amplifier has a high power density, it has a
strong magnetic field which can induce hum
into unshielded devices that are located nearby.
The field is strongest on the right side and right
bottom of the amplifier (facing the amplifier).
If an equipment rack is used, we recommend
locating sensitive equipment at least 20 cm
(8 inches) away from the amplifier.
3.5 In.
8.9 cm
19 In.
48.3 cm
Figure 2.2 Airflow
1.5 In.
3.8 cm
16.2 In.
41.1 cm
page 6
Figure 2.1
Dimensions
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.2 Connecting to AC Mains
WARNING: The third (ground) prong of the supplied AC power
cord connector is a required safety feature. Do not attempt to
disable this ground connection by using an adapter or other
methods.
Amplifiers don’t create energy. The AC mains voltage and current must be
sufficient to deliver the power you expect. You must operate your amplifier
from an AC mains power source with not more than a 10% variation above
or a 15% variation below the amplifier’s specified line voltage range and
within the specified frequency requirements (indicated on the amplifier’s
back panel label). If you are unsure of the output voltage of your AC mains,
please consult your electrician.
Packed with your I-Tech amplifier is a clip that retains the power cord so it
can’t pull out accidentally.
1. Locate the clip in a bag in the I-Tech packing carton.
2. Locate the IEC power connector on the back of the amplifier. Above and
below that connector are two slots. Stretch the ends of the clip and insert
them into the slots (Figure 2.3).
3. Plug the power cord all the way into the amplifier IEC power connector.
4. Pull the clip to the left and snap it onto the power cord.
2.3 Wire Inputs and Outputs
2.3.1 Wiring basics
• Always use shielded wire for input wiring. The higher the density of the
shield (the outer conductor) the better. Spiral wrapped shield is not
recommended.
• When using unbalanced lines keep the cables as short as possible. Avoid
lengths greater than 10 feet (3 meters).
• Do not run the audio input cables together with the high-level wiring such
as loudspeaker wires or AC cords. (This lessens the chance of hum and
noise being induced into the input cables.)
• Turn the entire sound system off before changing any connections.
Crown is not liable for damage incurred when any transducer or component
is overdriven.
THE CHANNEL 2 INPUT IS IGNORED by default in Bridge Mono mode. It
can be summed using the input source selector and used instead of
Channel 1.
For additional information on audio input wiring please refer to the Crown
Amplifier Application Guide available online at www.crownaudio.com. It
contains helpful information on preventing unwanted subsonic frequencies,
radio frequency interference, ground loops, and feedback oscillation.
When using network connections, pass the CAT 5 cable five times through a
ferrite core (Figure 2.4), available from Crown Audio Inc. This is to ensure
compliance with emission regulations.
Slot
Figure 2.4 Pass the CAT 5 Cable Five Times Through the Ferrite Core
Slot
IEC Power Connector
Clip
Figure 2.3 IEC Power Connector Clip
Operation Manual
page 7
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.3.2 Choose Input Wire and Connectors
Crown recommends using pre-built or professionally wired,
balanced line (two-conductor plus shield), 22-24 gauge cables
and connectors. Use 3-pin male XLR connectors.
Unbalanced line may also be used but may result in noise over
long cable runs.
Figure 2.5 shows connector pin assignments for balanced analog
wiring or AES/EBU digital wiring. The use of standard analog
cable with AES/EBU will result in diminished performance. For
best results, 110 ohm shielded twisted-pair cable for AES/EBU
signals is highly recommended. Figure 2.6 shows connector pin
assignments for unbalanced analog wiring.
Figure 2.5
Balanced Analog Input Connector Wiring or
AES/EBU Digital Connector Wiring
Figure 2.6 Unbalanced Analog Input Connector Wiring
NOTE: Custom wiring should only be performed by qualified
personnel.
2.3.3 Choose Output Wire and Connectors
Crown recommends using pre-built or professionally wired, highquality, two- or four-conductor, heavy gauge speaker wire and
connectors. Use Class 2 output wiring. You may use a 4-pole
Speakon® connector (Figure 2.7) or banana plugs, spade lugs, or
bare wire for your output connectors (Figure 2.8). To prevent the
possibility of short circuits, wrap or otherwise insulate exposed
loudspeaker cable connectors.
CAUTION – SHOCK HAZARD: Potentially lethal voltages
exist at the output connectors when the amplifier is
turned on and is passing a signal.
Using the guidelines below, select the appropriate size of wire
based on the distance from amplifier to speaker.
Distance
up to 25 ft.
26-40 ft.
41-60 ft.
61-100 ft.
101-150 ft.
151-250 ft.
Figure 2.7
Left: Speakon® Output Connector on Back Panel
Right: Speakon® Cable Connector
Wire Size
16 AWG
14 AWG
12 AWG
10 AWG
8 AWG
6 AWG
CAUTION: Never use shielded cable for output wiring.
Figure 2.8
Binding Post Connections
page 8
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.3.4 Stereo Mode Wiring
Typical input and output wiring is shown in Figure 2.9.
IMPORTANT: Turn off the amplifier and unplug its power cord.
INPUTS: Choose one of these options:
• Connect analog input wiring for both channels.
• Connect an AES/EBU digital signal to the AES/EBU connector.
OUTPUTS: Maintain proper polarity (+/–) on output connectors. Use
Class 2 output wiring.
Figure 2.9
System Wiring,
Stereo Mode
Figure 2.9 shows how to wire stereo speakers to the binding posts.
Connect Channel 1 loudspeaker’s positive (+) lead to Channel 1 positive
(red) terminal of amp; repeat for negative (–). Repeat Channel 2 wiring as
for Channel 1.
To wire stereo speakers to the Speakon® connectors, use one of these
methods:
Method 1 (Table 1 and Figure 2.10): Wire one Speakon® cable connector
to two speakers. Insert the Speakon® cable connector into the amplifier’s
top Speakon® connector.
Method 2 (Table 2 and Figure 2.11): Plug the Channel 1 speaker into the
Channel 1 (top) Speakon® connector, and plug the Channel 2 speaker
into the Channel 2 (bottom) Speakon® connector.
Table 1
Stereo Wiring Method 1: Use Top Speakon® Only
PIN
CH
1+
1+
1–
1–
2+
2+
2–
Table 2
2–
Channel 1
Loudspeaker
Channel 2
Loudspeaker
Enceinte du
Canal 1
Enceinte du
Canal 2
Lautsprecher
Kanal 1
Lautsprecher
Kanal 2
Altoparlante
del Canal 1
Altoparlante
del Canal 2
Figure 2.10 Wiring Two Stereo Speakers
to the Top Speakon® Connector
Top Speakon
(Channel 1)
Stereo Wiring Method 2: Use Both Speakon®s
PIN
1+
1–
CH
1+
1–
PIN
1+
1–
CH
2+
2–
Figure 2.11
Stereo Wiring
Using Both
Speakon®
Connectors
Top
Bottom
Channel 1
Loudspeaker
Bottom
Speakon
(Channel 2)
Channel 2
Loudspeaker
Operation Manual
page 9
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.3.5 Bridge-Mono Mode
Overview: Turn on the amp, enable Bridge-Mono mode using the LCD Control
Screen, turn off the amp, wire it, and turn it back on.
1. Be sure that no cables are connected to the amplifier. Turn on the front-panel power
switch. The LCD Control Screen will light up (Figure 2.12).
2. Under the LCD Control Screen, press the Menu/Exit button. Press the Next
button until you see OUTPUT MODE on the screen. If N/A is displayed, OUTPUT
MODE is locked via software. If LOCKOUT is displayed, all the LCD screens are
locked via software.
3. Press an Encoder knob to select BRIDGE MONO. Press the knob again to confirm
your choice. Press Menu/Exit. Turn down both level controls (Encoders) until you
reach maximum attenuation.
4. IMPORTANT: Turn off the amplifier and unplug its power cord.
INPUTS: There are three ways to connect an input signal to the amplifier (Figure
2.13):
• Connect an analog signal source to the Channel-1 amplifier input.
Figure 2.13 Bridge-Mono Wiring to Binding Posts
• Connect an AES/EBU digital signal source to the Digital Input IN connector.
NOTE: Crown provides a reference of wiring pin assignments for commonly used
connector types in the Crown Amplifier Application Guide available at
www.crownaudio.com.
OUTPUTS: Use Class 2 output wiring. There are two ways to wire the amplifier output
connectors for Bridge-Mono mode:
1) Wire the speaker across the red binding post of each channel (Figure 2.14). Do not
use the black binding posts when operating in Bridge-Mono mode.
2) Wire the speaker only to the top Speakon® connector as shown in Table 3 and
Figure 2.14.
Figure 2.12
The LCD Control Screen
Menu/Exit
page 10
Prev
Next
NOTE: In Bridge-Mono
mode, the Channel 1
Level control sets the
level; the Channel 2 Level
control is defeated. All
Channel-2 objects and
controls are hidden and
disabled.
Table 3
Top Speakon® Wiring for Bridge-Mono
PIN
1+
2+
SPKR
+
–
Figure 2.14
Wiring a Speaker in Bridge-Mono Mode to
the Top Speakon® Connector
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
3 Operation
3.1 Protecting Your Speakers
It’s wise to avoid clipping the amplifier signal. Not only does clipping
sound bad, it can damage high-frequency drivers. To prevent clipping,
use System Architect software’s Level Max suite to enable or display
the peak voltage limiter and average power limiter in your amplifier’s
built-in DSP. That way, no matter how strong a signal your mixer
produces, the amplifier output will not clip. Set the limiter threshold so
that mixer signals above 0 dB or 0 VU on the mixer meters do not quite
drive the amplifier into clipping.
Also, avoid sending strong subsonic signals to the amplifier. Highlevel, low-frequency signals from breath pops or dropped microphones can blow out drivers. To prevent subsonic signals, use one of
these methods:
• Insert a highpass filter between mixer output and amplifier input (or
between mixer and limiter).
• Use the I-Tech’s onboard DSP to set up a highpass filters.
• Switch in highpass filters at your mixer. Set the filter to as high a
frequency as possible that does not affect your program. For example,
try 35 Hz for music and 75 Hz for speech. On each mixer input channel,
set the filter frequency just below the lowest fundamental frequency of
that channel’s instrument.
3.2 Startup Procedure
When first turning on your amplifier, follow the procedures in the
Quick-Start Guide on page 4 (stereo) or page 5 (bridge-mono).
If you ever need to make any wiring or installation changes, don’t forget
to disconnect the power cord.
For help with determining your system’s optimum gain structure
(signal levels) please refer to the Crown Amplifier Application Guide,
available online at www.crownaudio.com.
3.3 Precautions
Your amplifier is protected from internal and external faults, but you
should still take the following precautions for optimum performance
and safety:
1. Before use, your amplifier first must be configured for proper
operation, including input and output wiring hookup. Improper
wiring can result in serious operating difficulties. For information
on wiring and configuration, please consult the Setup section of
this manual or, for advanced setup techniques, consult Crown’s
Amplifier Application Guide available online at
www.crownaudio.com.
2. Use care when making connections, selecting signal sources and
controlling the output level. The load you save may be your own!
3. Do not short the ground lead of an output cable to the input signal
ground. This may form a ground loop and cause oscillations.
4. WARNING: Never connect the output to a power supply,
battery or power main. Electrical shock may result.
5. Tampering with the circuitry, or making unauthorized circuit
changes may be hazardous and invalidates all agency listings.
6. Do not operate the amplifier with the red Clip LEDs constantly
flashing.
7. Do not overdrive the mixer, which will cause clipped signal to be
sent to the amplifier. Such signals will be reproduced with extreme
accuracy, and loudspeaker damage may result.
8. Do not operate the amplifier with less than the rated load
impedance. Due to the amplifier’s output protection, such a
configuration may result in premature clipping and speaker
damage.
9. CAUTION – SHOCK HAZARD: Potentially lethal voltages
exist at the output connectors when the amplifier is
turned on and is passing a signal.
Remember: Crown is not liable for damage that results from
overdriving other system components.
Operation Manual
page 11
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
3 Operation
3.4 Front Panel Controls and Indicators
Many of these functions can be disabled using
Blackout Mode (a selection in the Advanced
Menu, Section 4.2.3).
A. Cooling Vents
Front-to-rear forced airflow through foam dust filter
B. LCD Control Screen
Integrated LCD with white backlight, controls
amplifier setup and operation.
The LCD Control Screen and its controls let the user
adjust the amplifier’s attenuation and muting,
configure the amp, set up and view error monitoring
(such as temperature and load supervision), and
recall DSP presets. The presets allow the user to
quickly reconfigure the amp for various applications.
C. Power Switch
Push-on/push-off switch glows green when AC
power is present at the power cord and the amplifier
circuit breaker is in the “on” position.
D. USB 2.0 Connector
Accepts a USB drive to transfer presets from the
drive to the amplifier DSP, and vice versa.
E. Fault Indicator
Red LED, one per channel, flashes when the
amplifier output channel has stopped operating.
Usually this means that the amplifier must be
serviced.
F. Thermal Indicator
Red LED, one per channel, illuminates when the
channel has shut down due to thermal stress or
overload.
G. Clip Indicator
Red LED, one per channel, illuminates when the
channel’s output signal reaches the onset of audible
clipping. The Clip Indicator also will illuminate
during Thermal Level Control (TLC) limiting. The
Clip Indicator can be turned of during Blackout
mode.
H. Level Controls (Encoders)
Speed-sensitive, 0.5 dB steps, range 0 to –100 dB.
These two knobs affect the Channel-1 and
Channel-2 output levels. They also select Menu
items and adjust parameter values that are displayed
on the LCD control screen.
M. Ready Indicator
Green LED, one per channel, illuminates when the
channel is initialized and ready to produce audio
output. Indicator is off when the channel is set to
standby mode via System Architect or in Blackout
mode.
I. Menu/Exit Button
“Menu” enters the main menu. “Exit” leaves the
menu.
N. Power Indicator
Blue LED indicates amplifier has been turned on and
AC power is available. The LED will flash when the AC
line voltage is 15% above or below the nominal rated
range. This indicator can be turned off in Blackout
mode.
J. Prev Button
Selects the previous item in the menu.
K. Next Button
Selects the next item in the menu.
L. Signal Indicators
These can be disabled during Blackout mode. Three
green LEDS per channel indicate the amplifier’s input
and output signal levels. From top to bottom the
LEDs are
–10 dB: amplifier output is 10 dB below clipping.
–20 dB: amplifier output is 20 dB below clipping.
Signal: selected input signal is above –40 dBu.
O. Data Indicator
Yellow LED indicates network data activity. Data
indicator flashes only when the amplifier is polled for
data, or is polled to see whether it is online. This
indicator can be turned off in Blackout mode.
P
Bridge Mode Indicator
Yellow LED illuminates when the amplifier is set to
Bridge-Mono mode.
Figure 3.1 Front Panel Controls and Indicators
page 12
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
3 Operation
3.5 Back Panel Controls, Indicators
and Connectors
A. Fans
Provide front-to-back forced airflow for cooling.
ANALOG INPUTS SECTION
B. Balanced Analog XLR Inputs
A 3-pin female XLR connector for each channel.
C. Balanced Analog XLR Loop-Through
Outputs
Two 3-pin male XLR output connectors are provided
(one per channel). The signal at these connectors is
paralleled with the input signal for feeding the input
signal to other amplifiers.
OUTPUTS SECTION
D. 4-Pole Speakon® Output Connectors
Two high-current, 50A Neutrik® Speakon® NL4MLP
(mates with NL4FC and NL4), one per channel.
Class 2 output wiring required.
These two connectors accept 2-pole or 4-pole
Speakon® connectors. See Figures 2.5 through
2.10 and Tables 1, 2 and 3 for connector wiring.
The top Speakon® connector is wired for both
channels so it can be used for bridge-mono
wiring or for stereo wiring of two speakers to a
single Speakon® connector.
E. Binding Post Output Jacks
One pair per channel of high-current, 60A colorcoded binding posts. Accepts banana plugs,
wire or spade lugs.
F. Power Cord Connector
Standard 20 amp IEC inlet. Voltage range is
indicated above IEC inlet.
G. Reset Switch/Circuit Breaker
If the current draw of the amplifier exceeds safe
limits, this breaker automatically disconnects
the power supply from the AC mains. The switch
resets the circuit breaker.
H. MAC Address
This specific amplifier’s network identifier that is burned into its
firmware.
I. Preset Indicator
LED flashes to signal the number of the current preset if active.
LED is green if the preset values have not been changed once
loaded. LED is yellow if the preset values have been changed
since they were loaded.
M AES/EBU Digital Loop-through Output
Male XLR active/re-clocked AES/EBU digital loop-through.
The signal at this connector duplicates the digital input
signal for feeding the input signal to other amplifiers.
It is not recommended to loop through more than four
amplifiers. If larger distribution of AES is needed, the use of
an AES distribution amplifier is recommended.
NETWORKING SECTION
J. Reset Button
To restore factory default settings: Press the Reset Button with a
thin, non-conductive object, then turn on amplifier power, and
continue to hold the reset button until the Preset light comes
on green (approximately 16 seconds)..
N. Link/Act Indicator
Shows network activity.The LINK ACT LED illuminates when
the network port is connected and flashes when network
activity is detected.
K. Data Indicator
Flashes yellow only when the amplifier is polled for data, or is
polled to see whether it is online.
O. Network Connector
This EtherCon® Ethernet connector is for networking.
Warning: Only connect to networks that remain inside the
building.
DIGITAL INPUTS SECTION
L. AES/EBU Digital Input
This 3-pin female XLR connector accepts a digital signal in the
AES/EBU format.
P. Cond Indicator
Turns on if the amplifier is set to be the CobraNet conductor.
The CobraNet conductor is a CobraNet node that provides
the master timing clock for the CobraNet digital audio
transport network.
Figure 3.2 Back Panel Controls and Connectors
Operation Manual
page 13
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.1 Advanced Operation Table of Contents.......14
4.2 Navigating the LCD Control Screen ................... 15
4.2.1 Introduction ...................................................................15
4.2.2 Basic Selections ............................................................16
4.2.3 Advanced Menu .............................................................17
4.2.4 Monitor Menu ...............................................................20
4.2.5 Alert Menu .....................................................................20
4.2.6 Networking Menu ..........................................................21
4.2.7 CobraNet Menu .............................................................22
4.3 Presets .................................................... 23
4.3.1 Introduction ...................................................................23
4.3.2 User Presets ..................................................................23
4.3.3 Downloadable Presets ...................................................23
4.4 File Transfer Via the USB Port ......................... 24
4.5 List of Pop-Up Boxes and Descriptions ............... 25
4.6 Digital Audio Options (AES/EBU) ...................... 26
4.7 Networking the Amplifier ............................... 26
4.7.1 NetworkTroubleshooter...................................................26
4.8 Software-Controllable Onboard DSP ................. 26
4.8.1 Amplifier DSP Selection Screen .....................................27
4.8.2 Amplifier Mode .............................................................27
page 14
4.8.3 Levels and Indicators .....................................................27
4.8.4 Input Signal Router ........................................................28
4.8.5 Source Configuration ....................................................29
4.8.6 CobraNet Advanced Settings .........................................29
4.8.7 Input Signal Compressor ..............................................30
4.8.8 Input Delay and Driver Delay ..........................................30
4.8.9 Input EQ and Output EQ .................................................31
4.8.10 Crossover Filters .........................................................32
4.8.11 LevelMax Suite ...........................................................33
4.8.12 Front Panel Security ....................................................33
4.8.13 Amplifier Settings .......................................................34
4.8.14 Amplifier Information ..................................................35
4.8.15 Apply to Others ...........................................................35
4.8.16 Delay (Latency) ...........................................................35
4.8.17 Preset Manager ...........................................................36
4.8.18 Signal Generator ..........................................................37
4.8.19 Fixed-Gain Mode in the I-Tech HD ...............................38
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
MENU TREE
Attenuation - Mute - Lockout
4.2 Navigating the LCD Control Screen
Sample Rate
Analog Input Sensitivity
Presets
Amp Mode
Locate
Figure 4.1 shows the parts of the LCD Control Screen. Its
functions are described below. NOTE: Listed functions can also be
controlled in System Architect.
Figure 4.1 Parts of the LCD Control Screen
Operation Manual
Prev to
Cobranet
Menu
Next
Prev
Next
Here’s how to access the various menus and settings in the LCD
control screen:
The entire front panel or just selected screens can be locked out or
set to read only status using System Architect software. Locked-out
screens will either say “Lockout” or the individual parameter will
say “N/A”. If a change is attempted the screen will say “Changes
Disabled”.
Menu Tree
As a handy reference, Figure 4.2 shows the menu
structure of the LCD control screen. Starting from
any Menu screen, press an Encoder knob to go to
the first selection in the Menu. You can loop
through a menu’s selections using the Next and
Prev buttons. The Menu/Exit button returns
you to the Attenuation screen which you see on
power-up.
Menu button
4.2.1 Introduction
The LCD Control Screen and its controls let you configure the
amplifier and access many features that before were available only
through a remote computer. Also, you can recall DSP presets via
the front panel. (Some DSP parameters cannot be adjusted with
the LCD Control Screen. That is done in System Architect.)
• Starting from the Attenuation screen, press Menu/Exit to go to
the Sample Rate screen.
• Press Next to go to the next item in the menu.
• Press Prev to go to the previous item in the menu.
• Turn or press either Encoder knob to change the value of the
displayed parameter.
• When you see a menu screen, push the knob once to see the
items in that menu. Or press Next to go to the next menu.
• Press Menu/Exit to leave the menu and return to the Attenuation
screen at any time.
Some menu items require confirmation: after you request a change,
the display might say “Press and hold.” To confirm a change, press
and hold an Encoder knob. If you don’t want the change to occur
during a confirmation, turn the knob or wait five seconds.
ALL MENUS: Next/Previous loops
Exit
Next
ADVANCED MENU
(press knob once to access these
items:)
Attenuator Limits
Attenuator Link
Input Sources
Analog Source Select
Maximum Analog Input
Digital Source Select
AES Source Select
AES Input Trim
AES Input Status
Cobranet Source Select
Cobranet Input Trim
Bandpass Gain
Output Polarity
Input Delay
Speaker Delay
LED Meter Display Type
Bar Meter Display Type
LevelMax
Peak Voltage Limiter
RMS Voltage Limiter
Transducer Thermal Limiter
Pink Noise Generator
SLM (Sweep Load Monitoring)
Front Panel Blackout
Next
MONITOR MENU
(press knob once to access
these items:)
Load Monitoring
Thermal %
Thermal Temp deg. C
AC Line Voltage
Operating Time
Watts Output
Exit
Exit
Level
Max
Suite
Sweep Load Monitoring is not available
in early I-Tech HD models.
Next
NETWORKING MENU
(press knob once to access
these items:)
Network Info
Manufacturing Info
HiQnet Node Address
DHCP
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Exit
Next
ALERT MENU
(press knob once to access
these items:)
Amp Output Clip Errors
Analog Input Clip Errors
Thermal Errors
Low Limit Load Errors
High Limit Load Errors
SLM Errors
Line Voltage Errors
Fan Errors
Clear All Error Logs
Next
COBRANET MENU
(press knob once to access
these items:)
Cobranet Information
Ch1 Cobranet Rx
Ch2 Cobranet Rx
Cobranet Tx
Cobranet Conductor Priority
Cobranet Transport Latency
To
Sample
Rate
Exit
Figure 4.2 The Menu Tree
page 15
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
Operation Examples
4.2.2 Basic Selections
Operation Example 1
How to set the CH1 input sensitivity using the LCD Control
Screen:
1. After power-up, when the Attenuation screen appears, press
Menu/Exit.
2. Press Next.
3. Turn the left Encoder to set the sensitivity. NOTE: If you do not
see the sensitivity you want, try changing the Maximum Analog
Input level (see below).
4. Press Menu/Exit.
Opening Screen: On power-up, the LCD Control Screen displays the
Crown logo. After a few seconds, the firmware version appears, then the
Attenuation screen appears.
Operation Example 2
How to set the Maximum Analog Input level using the LCD
Control Screen:
1. After power-up, when the Attenuation screen appears, press
Menu/Exit.
2. Press Next until you see “Advanced Menu.”
3. Push an Encoder knob.
4. Press Next until you see “Maximum Analog Input.”
5. Turn an Encoder to change the maximum analog input level.
Press an Encoder to confirm and save your setting.
6. Press Menu/Exit.
Operation Example 3
How to monitor the Thermal Errors using the LCD Control Screen:
1. After power-up, when the Attenuation screen appears, press
Menu/Exit.
2. Press Prev until you see “Alert Menu.”
3. Push an Encoder knob.
4. Press Next until you see “Thermal Errors.
Powered
By
Powered By
(Power On)
1.0.0.5
Mute/Unmute (in the Attenuation screen)
• To mute either channel: Press and hold an Encoder knob for
1 second. The display will alternate between MUTE and the attenuation
level. While the amplifier is muted, you can adjust attenuation for each
channel by turning an Encoder knob.
• To unmute either channel: Press and hold an Encoder knob again for
1 second.
Attenuation
-30.0
Attenuation and Bar Meters
This screen displays the attenuation in dB and on bar meters. To change
the attenuation in either channel, turn the Encoder. Attenuation changes
0.5 dB per detent when you turn the Encoder slowly, and more when you
turn the Encoder quickly. The current preset name is displayed in the
upper-right corner. The (M) is explained on the next page under Presets.
Attenuation
-30.0
Default (M)
dB
-30.0
Default (M)
dB
MUTE
Front Panel Lockout (in the Attenuation screen)
The amplifier’s administrator can control access to menu mode and the
amplifier’s attenuators. This lockout can be done either by the front
panel buttons or by System Architect software.
To lock or unlock the menu with the front-panel buttons: press Next
and Prev simultaneously. To lock or unlock the menu with System
Architect software: go to the Tools Menu > Display Screen Security and
press the lockout button. If a specific parameter is protected, the
screen says “N/A” or “Change Disabled.”
If the lockout is done from the software, the user can disable the lockout
only in the software, not by pressing the front-panel buttons.
If the menu is locked and you press any button or turn an Encoder, the
word “LOCKOUT” is displayed. If a specific parameter is protected, the
screen says “N/A” or “Change Disabled.”
Now let’s look at the function of each menu selection.
page 16
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
Sample Rate: Starting from the Attenuation screen, press Menu/Exit to go
to the Sample Rate screen. The sample rate of the amplifier’s DSP is displayed.
It can be modified only in System Architect software because all of the FIR filter
settings will need to be recalculated as a result of the change. Please refer to its
Help files. When you route a Cobranet input, the sample rate displayed here
must match the Cobranet source.
Sample Rate
96 kHz
Modify in software ONLY!
Analog Input Sensitivity: Turn the left Encoder knob to change the Ch. 1
input sensitivity; turn the right Encoder knob to change the Ch. 2 input
sensitivity. This screen also displays the amp gain for each channel resulting
from the sensitivity settings. See Figure 4.4.
Note: If you do not see the sensitivity you need, try changing the Maximum
Analog Input level in the Advanced Menu (described later). This makes
different sensitivities available.
To optimize the system gain structure, see Section 3.1 in the I-Tech application
Guide at www.crownaudio.com/itech/pdf/137327.pdf.
Analog Input Sensitivity
2.90
31.5
Vrms
dB Gain
2.90
31.5
Presets: A preset is a group of DSP and amplifier settings for a particular
speaker system. Turn an Encoder to view Presets 1 through 50. To recall a
preset, press the Encoder, then press and hold the Encoder to confirm. For
more information on presets, see Section 4.3.
Amp Mode: This screen lets you set up the amplifier for Dual, Input Y or
Bridge Mono mode. Turn an Encoder knob to choose among those three
options, then press the knob to save your choice. You will be prompted to
confirm your choice. The LCD screen displays the currently selected mode.
The preset currently in use is displayed in the upper right corner.
(A) Active means that the amplifier is operating exactly according to that
preset.
(M) Modified means that the amplifier is operating according to the preset
but with some settings changed.
If a preset number is flashing, it is not in use.
In Dual (or Stereo) mode, both channels operate independently.
In Bridge Mono mode, both channels are summed to double the power, and the
amplifier puts out a mono signal.
In Input Y mode, Channel 1’s input signal feeds both channels, and each
channel can be set to a different output level, usually for bi-amp operation.
In the example shown below,
• Preset 7 is in use (it’s in the upper right corner).
• The amplifier settings have been modified (M) since Preset 7 was loaded.
• The large “7” is not flashing, which means that Preset 7 is in use.
Presets
7
Preset7 (M)
Preset7
CH1:MF-1&2
CH2:MF-3&4
In the example shown below, you turned down an Encoder knob two notches
after loading Preset 7.
• Preset 7 is in use (it’s in the upper right corner).
• Preset 7 is active (A). That means the amplifier is operating exactly according
to that preset.
• The large “5” is flashing because Preset 5 is not in use.
• Preset 5’s Channel-1 label is “LF–1&2.”
• Preset 5’s Channel-2 label is “LF–3&4.”
Presets
5
Preset7
CH1:LF-1&2
CH2:LF-3&4
Preset 7(A)
Amp Mode
<Dual>
Turn to Set-Press to Save
Locate: Allows users to identify a specific amplifier in a large network of
amplifiers without having to compare address information. Locate can be
turned on/off from software and/or the front panel. Press an Encoder knob to
turn on the Locate function. When on, the LCD screen flashes. Press the knob
again to turn off the Locate function. In System Architect, the device icon has a
blue outline to indicate that it is in Locate mode.
Locate
OFF
Press enc to toggle
4.2.3 ADVANCED MENU
When you see this screen, press an Encoder knob to access the selections in
the Advanced Menu, described next. To get to the Advanced Menu screen from
the Attenuation screen, press Menu/Exit twice, then press Next five times.
Advanced Menu
Advanced Menu
Push knob for adv. menu
Operation Manual
page 17
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
Attenuator Limits: You can set the maximum attenuation from 0 dB to
–100 dB. This feature allows you to set a limit on the attenuators. Once set,
attenuation cannot be adjusted beyond this level. The attenuator limit appears
as a line in the attenuator bar meter.
NOTE: The attenuator setting must be below the attenuator limit that you are
trying to set. For example, if the attenuator is set at –3 dB, you cannot set the
attenuator limit below –3 dB unless you decrease the attenuator level.
Attenuator Limits
0.0
dB
0.0
Attenuator Link You can set the attenudators to be independent or linked.
Turn an Encoder knob to choose one of those options, then press the knob to
save your choice.
Attenuator Link
INDEPENDENT
Analog Source Select: Turn the left Encoder knob to select Analog 1,
Analog 2, or Analog 1+2 signals for Channel 1. The right Encoder does the
same for Channel 2. Press the knob to confirm your selection.
Analog 1 is Analog input Channel 1.
Anolog 2 is Analog input Channel 2.
Analog 1 +2 is Analog input Channels 1 and 2.
Analog
1
Analog
2
Maximum Analog Input: Turn an Encoder to select the maximum input level
to the amplifier: +21 dBu or +15 dBu. Press the knob to confirm your selection.
Note: Changing this value changes the range of sensitivities available to the
amplifier.
For more information see Figure 4.4 and the I-Tech Sensitivity Charts in the
Appendix of the I-Tech Application Guide. It is available online at www.
crownaudio.com/itech/pdf/137327.pdf.
Maximum Analog Input
Digital with analog backup: The I-Tech HD is being fed a digital signal and an
analog signal. The input is currently switched to the digital signal. If it fails, the
I-Tech HD switches instantly to the analog signal.
Digital with analog override: The input is switched to the digital signal, and no
analog signal is applied. If an analog signal is sent, the I-Tech HD switches
instantly to the analog signal. If the analog signal fails, the I-Tech HD switches
to the digital signal after a delay set by the Hold Time slider in the Input Section
of the System Architect page.
Input Sources
<Analog>
<Digital>
AES Input Trim
0.0
dB
0.0
Analog Source Select
Turn to Set-Press to Save
Input Sources: For each channel, turn the Encoder to select analog, digital,
or automatic backup source. Options are:
Analog
Digital
Digital with analog backup <Digital A-Backup>
Digital with analog override <Digital A-Ovride>
AES Input Trim: Turn the left Encoder knob to vary the gain of the AES digital
signal for Channel 1: -100.0 dB to +20 dB. The right Encoder does the same for
Channel 2. See Figure 4.4 for more information.
+15dBu
Turn to Set-Press to Save
AES Input Status: “Lock” indicates that an AES cable is plugged in and the
amplifier is receiving (and locking to) the AES clock pulse. “No Lock” means
that the amplifier is not receiving, or is not locking to the AES clock pulse.
AES Input Status
No Lock
CobraNet Source Select: Turn the left Encoder knob to select the CobraNet
source for Channel 1: Cnet1, Cnet2, or Cnet 1+2. The right Encoder does the
same for Channel 2. Press the knob to confirm your choice.
Cnet1 is Bundle A.
Cnet2 is Bundle B.
Cnet 1+2 is Bundles A+B.
Cobranet Source Select
Digital Source Select: Turn the left Encoder knob to select the digital source
for Channel 1: AES or Cobranet. The right Encoder does the same for Channel
2. Press the knob to confirm your choice.
Cnet 1
Cnet 2
Digital Source Select
AES
<Cobra
net>
CobraNet Input Trim: Turn the left Encoder knob to vary the gain of the
CobraNet digital signal for Channel 1: -100.0 dB to +20 dB. The right Encoder
does the same for Channel 2. See Figure 4.4 for more information.
Cobranet Input Trim
AES Source Select: Turn the left Encoder knob to select the digital source for
Channel 1: AES1, AES2, or AES1+2. The right Encoder does the same for
Channel 2. Press the knob to confirm your choice.
AES 1 is AES input Channel 1.
AES 2 is AES input Channel 2.
AES 1 +2 is AES input Channels 1 and 2.
0.0
dB
0.0
AES Source Select
page 18
AES
1
AES
2
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
Bandpass Gain: In each channel of the I-Tech HD’s DSP, just before the
output limiter and after the preceding filter, is a gain block (not shown on the
Signal Path block diagram). Bandpass Gain adjusts the gain of this block
between -24 dB and +24 dB.
LED Meter Display Type : Here you can set the LCD bar meters to display
average or peak levels. Turn an Encoder knob to select the option, then press
the knob to confirm your selection.
Pink Noise Generator: Press an Encoder knob to turn on the generator. Its
level will read –100 dB. Adjust the noise level from –100 dB to +20 dB in 0.5 dB
steps by turning Encoder 1 or 2. To turn off the generator, press an Encoder knob
or go to another menu item.
LED Meter Display Type
Adjusting the bandpass gain in the LCD screen makes it easy to vary the level of
subwoofers, midrange drivers and high-frequency drivers.
AVERAGE
Turn to Set-Press to Save
Pink Noise Generator
OFF
dB
OFF
Bandpass Gain
0.0
dB
0.0
Output Polarity: Press each channel’s Encoder knob to toggle the output
signal polarity between + and –.
Bar Meter Display Type
ATTENUTATION
Output Polarity
+
Bar Meter Display Type: You can select what the bar meters will display in
the Attenuator Screen. Press an Encoder knob to select Attenuation, Input
Levels, Output Levels, or Thermal %. Attenuation is displayed as the length of
the bar meters in the Attenuation screen that appears on startup. The meters
display average input levels and output levels.
+
Turn to Set-Press to Save
Front Panel Blackout: This screen lets you black out the front panel display
unless you press a front-panel button or turn an Encoder. This feature turns
off the LCD backlight and all front panel LEDs except for the fault LEDs and
power-switch green LED. After blackout is enabled, an Encoder press/turn
will “reactivate” the display. If no button is pressed/turned for 5 seconds, the
display will return to blackout mode.
Front Panel Blackout
OFF
Press enc to toggle
LevelMax - Clip Limiter: Limits the peak output voltage to just below
clipping for each channel. Press an Encoder knob to turn it OFF or ON.
Input Delay: Sets the input signal delay in each channel. Turn each channel’s
Encoder knob to vary the delay. The delay step size is speed sensitive. Pressing
the encoder enables or disables the Delay.
Clip Limiter
OFF
OFF
Exit: To exit the Advanced Menu and go to the Attenuation screen, press Menu/
Exit once.
Below each channel’s delay setting is the equivalent distance in feet and meters.
For example, 10 ms is the signal delay of sound traveling 11.3 feet or 3.4 m.
Input Delay
0.0000
0.0/0.0
ms
ft/m
0.0000
0.0/0.0
LevelMax- Peak Voltage Limiter: Limits the peak output voltage to a level
that you set, either OFF or 1 to 500 volts, for each channel. Press an Encoder to
turn on the Limiter. Once it’s on, turn the Encoder to set the voltage. Additional
controls, such as attack and release, are available through System Architect.
Peak Voltage Limiter
Output Delay: Sets the output signal delay in each channel. Turn each
channel’s Encoder knob to vary the delay. The delay step size is speed sensitive.
Pressing the encoder enables or disables the Delay.
Below each channel’s delay setting is the equivalent distance in feet and meters.
For example, 10 ms is the signal delay of sound traveling 11.3 feet or 3.4 m.
Speaker Delay
0.0000
0.0/0.0
Operation Manual
ms
ft/m
OFF v OFF
LevelMax - RMS Voltage Limiter: Limits the output rms voltage to an
amount that you set, either OFF or 1 to 500 volts, for each channel. Press the
Encoder to turn on the Limiter. Once it’s on, turn the Encoder to set the voltage.
RMS Voltage Limiter
0.0000
0.0/0.0
OFF v OFF
page 19
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.2.4 MONITOR MENU
This menu lets you monitor the status of the amplifier. Starting from the
Attenuation Screen, press Menu, then press Prev four times. Or, starting from
the Advanced Menu screen, press Next to go to the Monitor Menu screen. Then
press an Encoder knob to access the selections in this menu.
AC Voltage: This shows the AC line voltage at the AC cord inlet to the
amplifier.
To clear this screen, press and release an Encoder. The display will prompt you
to confirm your choice by pressing and holding the Encoder.
AC Voltage
120 VAC
Amp Output Clip Errors
Monitor Menu
0
Monitor Menu
Push knob for mon. menu
Load Monitoring: Press an Encoder knob to turn speaker load monitoring on
or off for either channel. When load monitoring is on, the load connected to the
amplifier output is displayed. The text below the reported load indicates
whether the value is within the limits set in System Architect. OFF means load
monitoring is off. LOW means the load is below limits. HIGH means the load is
above limits. NORMAL means the load is within limits.
0.0 Hrs
Operating Time: This displays the number of hours the amplifier has been
on since manufacture. Like a car’s odometer, it shows the total amount of
operating hours and cannot be reset. All I-Tech HD amplifiers come with a
variable amount of operating time on them due to burn-in and testing before
shipping.
Operating Time
108.8 Hrs
OFF
OFF
Normal
Normal
Thermal %: This indicates the amplifier temperature in percent, where 100%
is the maximum allowable temperature. If Thermal % reaches 100%, the
amplifier is out of thermal headroom and has shut down (or will very soon).
Measurements are shown for Channel 1, Channel 2, and the power supply.
Thermal %
0
0
Ch2
0
PS
Thermal Temp deg. C: This screen displays the temperature in degrees
Celsius of the Ch. 1 output devices, Ch. 2 output devices, and the power
supply.
Thermal Temp deg. C
23
Ch1
23
Ch2
36
0
0.0 Hrs
Analog Input Clip Errors: A clip error occurs if the number of clip events in
the analog input exceeds the value set with the Count slider (within the time
set by the Time slider) on the Amplifier Settings page in System Architect.
To clear this screen, press and release an Encoder. The display will prompt you
to confirm your choice by pressing and holding the Encoder.
Watts Output: This displays the slow-averaged continuous output power of
each channel in watts.
0.0
Ch1
NOTE: You must use System Architect to enable error reporting and set its
limits.
Analog Input Clip Errors
Watts Output
0.0
Ch2
Exit: To exit the Monitor Menu and go to the Attenuation screen, press Menu/
Exit once.
4.2.5. ALERT MENU
To access this menu from the Attenuation screen, press an Encoder knob, then
press Prev three times. This menu displays a wide variety of errors in the
signal, amplifier, or load. Push an Encoder knob to see the selections in the
Alert Menu.
Alert Menu
Alert Menu
Push knob for alerts
PS
0
0.0 Hrs
Last
0
0.0 Hrs
Thermal Errors: This screen lets you view thermal errors without using the
control software. A thermal error occurs if the amplifier thermal % exceeded
the value set with the Thermal slider on the Amplifier Settings page in System
Architect.
When an error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is incremented, and
the operating time since the error is displayed.
To clear this screen, press and release an Encoder. The display will prompt you
to confirm your choice by pressing and holding the Encoder.
NOTE: You must use System Architect to enable error reporting and set its
limits.
Thermal Errors
Amp Output Clip Errors: A clip error occurs if the number of clip events in
the amplifier output exceeds the value set with the Count slider (within the
time set by the Time slider) on the Amplifier Settings page in System Architect.
page 20
Last
When an error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is incremented, and
the operating time since the error is displayed.
Load Monitoring
Ch1
When an error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is incremented, and
the operating time since the error is displayed.
0
0.0 Hrs
Last
0
0.0 Hrs
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
Low Limit Load Errors: This screen lets you view low-load errors without
using the control software. A low limit load error occurs if the load
impedance falls below the value set with the Low Limit spin control on the
Amplifier Settings page in System Architect.
SLM (Sweep Load Monitoring) Errors: This screen lets you view SLM
errors without using the control software.
When an error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is incremented, and
the operating time since the error is displayed.
To clear this screen, press and release an Encoder. The display will prompt you
to confirm your choice by pressing and holding the Encoder.
To clear this screen, press and release an Encoder. The display will prompt you
to confirm your choice by pressing and holding the Encoder.
NOTE: You must use System Architect to enable error reporting and set its
limits.
NOTE: You must use System Architect to enable error reporting and set its
limits.
Low Limit Load Errors
0
0.0 Hrs
Last
When an error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is incremented, and
the operating time since the error is displayed.
SLM Errors
0
0.0 Hrs
Last
0
0.0 Hrs
0
0.0 Hrs
High Limit Load Errors: This screen lets you view high limit load errors
without using the control software. A high limit load error occurs if the load
impedance rises above the value set with the High Limit value on the
software Control Panel.
When an error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is incremented, and
the operating time since the error is displayed.
Line Voltage Errors: This screen lets you view line-voltage errors without
using the control software. A line voltage error occurs if the line voltage falls
outside the values set with the High/Low Limits slider on the Line Voltage
Page of the Control Panel.
When an error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is incremented, and
the operating time since the error is displayed. The “Low” and “High”
indicators show whether the line voltage was below or above the line-voltage
limits.
To clear this screen, press and release an Encoder. The display will prompt you
to confirm your choice by pressing and holding the Encoder.
To clear this screen, press and release an Encoder. The display will prompt you
to confirm your choice by pressing and holding the Encoder.
NOTE: You must use System Architect to enable error reporting and set its
limits.
NOTE: You must use System Architect to enable error reporting and set its
limits.
Last
0
0.0 Hrs
0
High
0
0.0 Hrs
Line Voltage Errors
Low
High Limit Load Errors
0.0 Hrs
Last
0
0.0 Hrs
Fan Errors: When a fan error occurs, the count displayed in this screen is
incremented, and the operating time since the error is displayed.
Fan Errors
0
0.0 Hrs
Last
Clear All Error Logs: In this screen, you can press and hold an Encoder knob
to clear all the error logs.
Clear All Error Logs
Press and hold enc.
to clear ALL error logs
Exit: To exit the Alert Menu and go to the Attenuation screen, press Menu/Exit
once.
4.2.6 NETWORKING MENU
To access this menu from the Attenuation screen, press an Encoder knob, then
press Prev twice. This menu has screens for setting up audio network
parameters. Push an Encoder knob to see the selections in the Networking
Menu.
Networking Menu
Networking Menu
Push knob for net. menu
Network Info: This screen displays information about the audio network: IP
address, HiQnet address, Subnet and MAC address. Section 9.1 of this manual
explains these terms.
Network Info
IP:192.168.1.1
HiQNet:1
SUBNET:255.255.0.0
MAC: 00:0A:40:00:E4:C2
Manufacturing Info: This screen displays information about your I-Tech HD
amplifier: model number, firmware version, serial number, and amplifier date
code.
Manufacturing Info
IT90000HD
FW Ver:1.0.0.6
S/N:8001576436
Amp Mfg Date:10-9-2008
Date: 10-9-2008
HiQnet Node Address: This screen lets you set the HiQnet address of this
amplifier (a node in the network). Turn an Encoder knob to set the address,
then press the knob to save your setting.
HiQ
Hi
Qnet Node Addr
32
Turn to Set-Press to Save
Operation Manual
page 21
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
DHCP: Turn an Encoder knob to turn DHCP on or off, then press the knob to
confirm your selection. With DHCP enabled, the IP address of the amplifier
might change at power-up. See System Architect Help files for more
information on DHCP.
4.2.7 COBRANET MENU
To access the CobraNet Menu from the Attenuation screen, press an Encoder
knob, then press Prev. This menu has selections for setting CobraNet
parameters. Press an Encoder knob to access the CobraNet Menu selections.
See Section 9.2 and the System Architect Help files for more on CobraNet.
DHCP: (caution! Dynamic IP)
OFF
Changes IP at powerUp
Cobranet Menu
CobraNet Tx: Turn the left Encoder knob to set the number of the TxA Bundle
for Channel 1. Turn the right Encoder knob to set the TxA position for Channel
2.
Cobranet Tx Bundles
0
0
TxB (ch2)
TxA (ch1)
Cobranet Menu
Push knob for cnet. menu
IP Address: You set the IP address of the amplifier here. See Section 9.1 for
more information on IP Address. This function is disabled when DHCP is
enabled.
1. Press an Encoder knob to access the left three digits, then turn the knob to
set the number.
2. Press again to access the middle three digits, then turn the knob to set the
number.
3. Press again to access the next digit to the right, then turn the knob to set the
number.
4. Press again to access the right-most digit, then turn the knob to set the
number.
5. Press again to save the IP address.
IP Address
192.168.1.1
Turn to Set-Press to Save
Subnet Mask: You set the Subnet Mask of the amplifier here. See Section 9.1
for more information on Subnet Mask. This function is disabled when DHCP is
enabled.
1. Press an Encoder knob to access the left three digits, then turn the knob to
set the number.
2. Press again to access the middle three digits, then turn the knob to set the
number.
3. Press again to access the next digit to the right, then turn the knob to set the
number.
4. Press again to access the right-most digit, then turn the knob to set the
number.
5. Press again to save the Subnet Mask.
Subnet Mask
255.255.0.0
Turn to Set-Press to Save
page 22
CobraNet Conductor Priority: Turn an Encoder knob to set the priority
number of the CobraNet channel. Press the knob to confirm your choice. See
Section 9.2 for more on CobraNet conductor priority.
CobraNet Information: This screen displays information about the
CobraNet network: The firmware version, ethernet status (down or up), and
conductor priority.
Cobranet Information
Firmware Version: 2.11.6
Ethernet Status:
Cobranet Conductor Priority
16
Turn to Set-Press to Save
UP
Conductor Priority: 32
Ch1 CobraNet Rx: Turn the left Encoder knob to set the number of the RxA
Bundle for Channel 1. Turn the right Encoder knob to set the CobraNet input for
Channel 1. The word “Active” appears if there is audio on the bundle. Bundles
1-8 are available at 48 kHz sampling rate, and bundles 1-4 are available at 96
kHz sampling rate.
CobraNet Transport Latency: Turn an Encoder knob to set the CobraNet
transport latency: either 5.33, 2.66, or 1.33msec. Press the knob to confirm
your choice. This latency must match the Cobranet source for proper Cobranet
reception.
Cobranet Transport Latency
5.33ms
Turn to Set-Press to Save
Ch1 Cobranet Rx
0
RxA Bundle
Ac t i v e
Cnet Input
Ch2 CobraNet Rx: Turn the left Encoder knob to set the number of the RxA
Bundle for Channel 1. Turn the right Encoder knob to set the CobraNet input for
Channel 2. The word “Active” appears if there is audio on the bundle. Bundles
1-8 are available at 48 kHz sampling rate, and bundles 1-4 are available at 96
kHz sampling rate.
Ch2 Cobranet Rx
0
RxB Bundle
Active
Cnet Input
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.3 Presets
We will describe each type of preset in detail.
4.3.1 Introduction
Your I-Tech HD amplifier has a wide variety of onboard Digital Signal
Processing (DSP). Some applications for this DSP are speaker configuration
(setting the drive levels, frequency bands, delays and limiting for your
particular speakers), EQ, filtering, compression, and much more. Those
functions are described in Section 4.6. System Architect software lets you
adjust the DSP settings, such as filter slope, compression ratio, EQ frequency
bands, and so on.
4.3.2 User Presets
User presets are DSP presets that you set up. This is the basic procedure:
1. Adjust the DSP settings as desired in the System Architect software (not
with the LCD Control Screen).
2. Save this group of settings as preset. Give it a label.
3. Download the preset to the I-Tech HD amplifier. See the software Help file
for details. As soon as you save the setting as a preset, it is sent to the
amplifier. Another option, described on the next page, is to transfer the
preset file using a USB drive.
4. Select that preset from the LCD Control Screen. The preset will
automatically set the DSP parameters as you set them up in the control
software.
A preset is a group of DSP settings that configure the amp for a specific
application. For example, you might use one preset that optimizes the amp’s
DSP for a JBL Vertec Line Array. You might use another preset that sets up the
DSP for a stereo pair of loudspeakers of your choice. You can choose any of
50 presets with the LCD Control Screen.
Preset 1 is the factory default preset and cannot be overwritten. It sets up the
amplifier for stereo operation with no DSP.
The I-Tech HD amplifier works with two types of presets:
1. User presets. Using System Architect, you can create your own custom
DSP presets, label them, and send them to the I-Tech HD amplifier. The amp
stores those presets in firmware. You can recall those presets from the LCD
Control Screen.
2. Downloadable presets. Crown and JBL engineers have designed
presets that are optimized for various JBL loudspeakers, such as Vertec Line
Arrays. You can download presets from the I-Tech pages in the Crown website
www.crownaudio.com. Then in the software, or with a USB drive, send the
preset files to the I-Tech HD amplifier, where you can recall them from the LCD
Control Screen.
Operation Manual
4.3.3 Downloadable Presets
Crown and JBL engineers have designed I-Tech HD DSP presets that are
optimized for various JBL loudspeakers, such as Vertec Line Arrays. To use
them, follow this procedure in System Architect:
1. Go to the I-Tech pages at www.crownaudio.com.
2. Select Downloads.
3. Click on the file of your choice. It will download to your computer.
4. In System Architect, see the Help file on Presets for details on downloading
the preset to an I-Tech HD amplifier. Basically, you will open and engage a data
frame. The file will overwrite the preset you designate. Another option,
described on the next page, is to transfer the preset file using a USB drive.
5. Recall the preset from the LCD Control Screen. Then your amp will be
configured to work with the specified loudspeaker model.
Section 4.8.19 describes the Presets Manager screen in System Architect.
Setting some parameters of the DSP in the I-Tech HD amplifier is done using
the control software, not by the amplifier’s LCD Control Screen. For example,
if you want to set filter Q, compression ratio, or graphic EQ, you would do so
within the System Architect software.
5. When you want to recall the preset, select it from the Preset screen in the
LCD display. The preset will automatically set the DSP parameters as you set
them up in the control software.
page 23
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.4 File Transfer Via the USB Port
On the front panel of the amplifier is a USB Type A port which can transfer files either
direction between a USB flash drive and the amplifier. These files can be of two types:
A Preset file, which contains amplifier DSP settings for a specific loudspeaker/
amplifier configuration.
A Device file, which contain all 50 presets and the current amplifier DSP settings.
Insert USB Device
Ch1
Enc
When you plug in the drive, the amplfiier defaults to a file-exchange mode and is
muted. Then you can load or save individual files. No computer is needed for this file
transfer.
How to transfer a file from a USB flash drive to the amplifier:
1. The file must reside in the flash-drive root (top-level) directory.
2. Plug the flash drive into the amplifier’s USB port on the front panel.
3. The screen asks if you want to load or save a file. Press the left Encoder to LOAD a
file.
4. The screen asks whether you want to load a device file or preset file. Press the left
Encoder to load a device file, or press the right Encoder to load a preset file.
5. The screen says “Select File to Load.” Turn an Encoder to select the file.
6. If you are loading a preset, the front panel shows the acceptable files in the flash
drive root directory. Turn the Encoder to view the files; press the Encoder to select.
Note: You can’t explore folders or subfolders.
7. The amplifier loads the file into its memory and displays the Eject Menu. To stop
the transfers, press the left Encoder. To continue with more transfers, press the right
Encoder.
8. Unplug the flash drive. The amp is unmuted and returns to the determined state.
9. If desired, recall the preset following the procedures in Sections 4.3.2 and 4.3.3.
How to transfer a file from the amplifier to a USB flash drive:
1. Plug the flash drive into the amplifier’s USB port on the front panel.
2. The amplifier goes into “File Mode” and is muted.
3. The front panel asks if you want to load or save a file. Press the right Encoder to
select SAVE.
4. The screen will ask whether you want to save a device file or preset file. Press the
left encoder to save a device file, or press the right encoder to save a preset file.
5. If you chose to save a preset file, the screen says “Select Preset to Save.”
6. The screen shows the preset files in the amplifier’s memory. Turn an Encoder to
view the files; press the Encoder to select.
7. The amplifier’s Preset file will be saved to a default filename in the flash-drive root
directory. If the default filename already exists, a number will be appended to the end
of the filename.
8. You will see the Eject Menu. To stop the transfers, press the left Encoder. To
continue with more transfers, press the right Encoder. Unplug the drive when
finished.
9. Unplug the flash drive. The amp is unmuted and returns to the determined state.
page 24
Ch2
Enc
USB Main Menu
LOAD or SAVE
Save a File
DEVICE PRESET
Load a File
DEVICE PRESET
Load Preset File
Load Device File
Select file to load
(Pop-up box)
Loading File
Failed!
(Pop-up box)
Save to USB
Successful
Select file to load
(Pop-up box)
Save to USB
Failed!
(Pop-up box)
Overwriting Preset
Successful
Save Preset File
Ch2
Enc
Select Preset to
Save
(Pop-up box)
Save to USB
Successful
Select Preset to
Overwrite
(Pop-up box)
Loading Device File
(Pop-up box)
Loading File
Successful
Save Device File
(Pop-up box)
Save to USB
Failed!
(Pop-up box)
Overwriting Preset
Failed!
EJECT MENU
Ch1
Enc
(Pop-up box)
Safe to Remove
NOTE: Pressing any of the navigation buttons
(MENU, PREV or NEXT) at any time will go to the
“EJECT-MENU” selection screen.
DONE
Figure 4.3 USB File Transfer Flow Chart
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
Lockout
“Lockout” is displayed when front panel lockout has been enabled from either the
software or front panel. It prevents any changes from the display.
4.5 List of Pop-Up Boxes and Descriptions
USB
Lockout
“USB Lockout” is displayed when USB lockout has been enabled from the software.
It disables all USB functions.
Invalid
Subnet
An invalid subnet mask was selected.
Invalid
Address
An invalid IP address was selected.
Preset
Loaded
The selected preset has been successfully loaded.
These messages may appear on the LCD screen.
If N/A is displayed, the particular menu has been
locked out via System Architect software.
Address
Changed
The selected address has been modified. Applies to HiQnet node address, IP address
and subnet mask.
DHCP
Changed
The current state of DHCP has been changed to either ON or OFF.
USB Fault
Overcurrent!
The USB drive is drawing more than 500mA of current.
Device File
is not valid!
The selected USB device file cannot be loaded because it is not valid. This is most
likely a device file formatting problem. Try to create a new device file.
Loading File
FAILED!
Loading the preset or device file from the USB device failed. This could be due to the
format or contents of the file.
Loading File
Successful!
Confirm Change
(Press knob again)
Displayed after the first button press. To continue, the user must release the button
and press it again.
Confirm Change
(Press and Hold)
Displayed after the first button press has been released. To continue, the user must
press the button again.
Press and Hold
(Hold knob)
Displayed after the second button press. To continue, the user must continue to hold
the button for at least 2 seconds.
Change
cancelled
To modify this parameter, the encoder button must be pressed twice with the second
press being held down for at least 2 seconds. This message indicates that the encoder
button was not properly pressed and/or held down.
No Change
Selected
Operation Manual
Loading the preset or device file from the USB device was successful.
The selected object to change has not been modified from the current value.
Changes
Disabled
The display does not have permission to change this parameter. The display observes HiQnet
access rights role 4. Individual screens’ parameters can be user defined as Write Protected
and/or Read Protected. When a parameter is Read Protected, a “N/A” is displayed.
Change
Failed!
The selected change was not made. It may have been out of range or invalid.
page 25
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.6 Digital Audio Options (AES/EBU)
Digital audio inputs allow you to keep the amplifier input signals
in the digital domain. Keeping the input signal digital reduces the
number of Digital-to-Analog and Analog-to-Digital conversions.
This provides better sound quality and reduces pickup of
electrical interference.
The AES/EBU connector provides the most widely accepted
format. Connect an AES/EBU signal to the AES/EBU connector on
the rear panel. If the amplifier’s low-voltage power supply is lost
for any reason, the AES input signal goes directly to the AES
output. The amplifier has a digital buffer converter so it will adapt
to any AES sample rate between 32 and 96kHz that is sent to it.
4.7 Networking the Amplifier
If you need help understanding network concepts, please see
Appendix A on Network and CobraNet Basics. Please check the
System Architect help file for directions on how to use its
networking configuration tools.
An I-Tech HD amplifier may be used in an existing I-Tech network
and can use existing I-Tech device or venue files.
You can make the following settings via the front panel or by
using the Network Troubleshooter:
HiQnet node address
DHCP off/on
IP address
Subnet mask
You cannot set the CobraNet IP address via the front panel.
4.7.1 Network Troubleshooter
The network troubleshooter can assist you in setting up your
HiQnet network for the first time. Using the troubleshooter, you
can address your components and be informed of addressing and
other errors in the system. Please note that this wizard is designed
to work with devices that are on the same physical network
segment as the computer it is running on. It will not work through
a router.
page 26
Select Network Card
The first page of the wizard lists all the network adapters currently
in the computer. If you have more than one adapter, you can scroll
through the list and see the IP Address assigned to each card.
If you have a card with an IP address of 0.0.0.0, it typically means
one of several things:
1. The card is disabled.
2. The card is not connected to a network.
3. The card is setup to obtain its address from a DHCP server, and
no DHCP server is available.
Select the card that is connected to the HiQnet system and click
the Next button. The Wizard will walk you through the rest of the
process. Please see the System Architect online help for more
information.
4.8 Software-Controllable Onboard DSP
Crown’s latest-generation Digital Signal Processing is built into
the I-Tech HD amplifier. Its 24-bit/96kHz converters offer
extremely low noise and extended dynamic range. When you use
an I-Tech HD amp, the loudspeaker processors, crossovers,
limiters and delays are in the onboard DSP – so you don’t need
those rack-mounted devices. This drastically cuts setup time,
commissioning, rack space and costs.
The I-Tech HD’s DSP can be monitored and controlled with a
computer running System Architect software, and connected to
the amplifier Network Connector by a network Category 5 cable.
Some applications for this DSP are:
• Set up signal flow
• Optimize system gain structure
• Set up speaker configurations (set the drive levels, frequency
bands, delays and limiting for your particular speakers)
• Set up EQ, filtering, compression, and much more.
The next several pages explain some of the available DSP
functions. See the System Architect Help files for more detailed
information.
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.1 Amplifier DSP Selection Screen
On the left of this screen is the Input Signal Level Monitor
(explained later on this page). On the right side are rows of DSP
selection buttons for each channel. When you click on a button, a
control panel opens for that button’s function.
Also on the right are buttons that open control panels for these
functions:
• Amplifier mode (dual, bridge-mono, input Y)
• Signal generator (pink noise and sine wave)
• Amplifier information
• Recall and store presets
• Preset manager
• Apply to others (apply this amplifier’s DSP settings to other
devices)
We’ll explain each of these functions on the next several pages.
4.8.3 Input Level, Mute, Link, Level Meters, and Indicators
This panel is on the left side of the I-Tech main control panel shown above. Channel 1 and 2 Level
Controls set the input signal level of each channel. Each channel can be muted, and both faders
can be linked with the Link button.
Input Signal Level Meter
The measurement range is from 0dBFS to –40dBFS with 0.5dB resolution. Each audio channel
has the following monitors:
• Switched Audio Input: This meter shows only the switched (selected) audio input after the
Input Audio Router.
• Clip Indicator
Output Signal Level Meter
The measurement range is from 0 dB to –40 dB with 0.5 dB resolution. The monitors are scaled so
that 0 dB is referenced to the full rated output voltage of the amplifier. The left meter is rms and the
right meter is peak. An output clip indicator is provided.
4.8.2 Amplifier Mode
This is switchable between dual, bridge-mono and 1x2 (input Y).
Operation Manual
Indicators
Temp: Lights if the temperature of the amplifier is too high and the amplifier is near shutdown.
Green: Thermal headroom used up is less than 59%.
Yellow: Thermal headroom used up is 60-80%.
Red: Thermal headroom used up is more than 81%.
Limit: Lights when the amplifier signal is being limited.
Load: Lights when the load impedance is out of range.
Ready: Lights when the amplifier is on and ready to supply power.
page 27
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.4 Input Signal Router
Each channel of the I-Tech’s signal processing has an Input Signal Router that
lets you choose the audio signal that will be used by the channel. Choose one
of the following configurations:
• Analog Audio: This is the audio input from the audio connector on the
back panel of the amp. Choices for the Analog Audio input are Channel 1,
Channel 2, or a sum of Channels 1 and 2.
• Digital Audio: This is the audio input from the AES/EBU connector or
CobraNet connector on the back panel of the amp. It can be set up for Digital
with Analog Backup or Digital with Analog Override:
• Digital with Analog Backup
The input takes the digital signal as its source when the digital signal (or just
the digital clock) is present. If the digital lock is lost, the input switches to the
selected Analog Source. Once that digital lock is found again, the input
switches back to the selected digital source. This works even when the digital
signal has no audio but is sending a clock signal.
• Digital with Analog Override
The input takes the digital signal as its source. If the analog signal level is
greater than an Analog Signal Detect Threshold that the user defines, the input
switches to the analog signal. As long as the analog signal level exceeds the
threshold, or as long as its level falls below threshold for a user-defined hold
time, the input remains the analog signal.
Analog Signal Detect Threshold (-100 dB to 0 dB)
This option is not displayed unless override is selected. If the selected analog
signal exceeds the threshold level, the analog signal becomes the source for
this input rather than the selected digital input source. Use the numeric spin
box or the fader provided to set the threshold.
Hold Time (0 - 60 seconds)
This option is not displayed unless override is selected. Once an overriding
analog input signal falls below threshold, the Hold Time determines how long
the input will continue to be the selected analog input before reverting to the
selected digital input. Use the numeric spin box or the fader provided to set this
time.
The control operation will vary based on the mode that is selected.
page 28
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.5 Source Configuration
In this screen you can configure the levels and settings of the
analog, AES and CobraNet inputs. The input signal of each channel
can be independently muted.
The I-Tech HD amplifier can be set to work as a fixed gain amplifier:
any input signal is given a fixed amount of gain, either 26dB or
32dB. In addition, you can set the input sensitivity to determine how
much gain is provided. See Section 4.8.20 for more details.
4.8.6 CobraNet Advanced Settings
In the CobraNet Advanced Settings screen you can set the
parameters shown here. Indicators that are green can’t be
modified.
The latency on this screen is the CorbaNet transport latency or
buffering. This latency must be set to the same latency as the
source CobraNet device.
The Foldback control panel lets you select the items to
transmit via CobraNet. Selections available are the Analog
Inputs, Amplifier Outputs or AES input signal. The audio can
be routed out through only one bundle.
Operation Manual
page 29
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.7 Input Signal Compressor
An input signal compressor is available for each channel. Several parameters control this
feature:
On/off button: Enables or disables this function.
Threshold: Sets the level, in dBu, above which the compressor begins to attenuate the input
signal. This level corresponds to the input level meter reading. The compressor is “feedforward,” meaning that the level detection point is located before the gain control stage. The
range is from +20 dBu to – 50 dBu.
Attack Time: Sets the attack time of the compressor. The attack time is defined as the time it
takes the compressor to attenuate the signal gain by 20 dB. The range is from 1 millisecond to
0.1 second.
Release Time: Sets the release time of the compressor. The release time is defined as the
time it takes the compressor to increase the signal gain by 20 dB. The range is from 10
milliseconds to 10 seconds.
Compression Ratio: Sets the compression ratio of the compressor. The ratio is the relation
between the amount of attenuation applied by the compressor verses the amount that the input
signal is over the threshold. The available settings are 2:1 to 32:1.
Makeup gain: The amount of gain you want to apply to the compressed signal to raise it to a
higher level.
Knee width: The knee of the compression curve is the transition point between no
compression and compression. The wider the knee, the more gradual is the transition -- so
compression is not so obvious when the signal is close to threshold.
4.8.8 Input Delay and Driver
Delay
In these screens you can set the signal
delay for each channel in seconds, feet or
meters.
Beyond the controls for each channel, a single-control Compressor Tie connects the
compressors together. The compressors are tied at their sense points, meaning that the greater
of the two input signals will be used as stimulus for both compressors. Each compressor will
still compress based on its individual threshold, attack, release and ratio settings.
page 30
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.9 Input EQ and Output EQ
These screens let you adjust channel equalization at up to 16 frequencies. You
can select filter type, frequency, gain, and bandwidth in octaves or Q as set by
the user preferences in System Architect. Changes to the equalizer’s frequency
response can be done by typing in parameters or by click-dragging the response
curve.
Operation Manual
page 31
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.10 Crossover Filters
The Crossover section lets you use infinite impulse response (IIR) or
finite impulse response (FIR) filters for the crossover.
FIR advantages: FIR has a longer processing latency but has less
phase artifacts compared to IIR. FIR allows for brickwall, 48dB/oct and
24dB/octave filters.
IIR advantages: FIR has one processing block per channel; IIR has one
or more. For example, you can place an FIR at only one end of a channel,
but you can place an IIR at either end.
page 32
The amplifier contains two FIR blocks which can be used in various
configurations:
• 2x2 mode: One FIR filter per channel can be used.
• Bridge mono mode: Both FIR filters can be used.
• 1x2 mode: Two modes are available – Duplicate or Unique. In Duplicate
mode the same settings are used on both channels, allowing two FIR
filters per bandpass. In Unique mode the FIR filters are limited to one per
bandpass. However, if the High Pass of Channel 1 and Low Pass for
Channel 2 are set to identical slopes and frequencies, you can use FIR on
all the bandpasses. The logic for this operation is built into the software
controls. In addition, the Processing (FIR) latency sets the minimum
frequency that can be set for an FIR.
A polarity inverter button lets you change the polarity of each channel
independently.
Each audio channel has three separate places where filters can be placed in the
system: input EQ (16 filters), Crossover, and Output EQ. Up to 24 filters per
channel are available, plus crossover filters and 4 filters for the signal
generator. Each filter has up to +/-24dB of gain. The following filters are
available:
• Lowpass: Bessel 2-4, Butterworth1-4, and Linkwitz-Riley 8
• Highpass: Bessel 2-4, Butterworth1-4, and Linkwitz-Riley 8
• Lowshelf: Low-frequency shelving EQ
• Highshelf: High-frequency shelving EQ
• Lowpass EQ: Variable bandwidth, can be expressed as Q (0.100 to 35) or
Octaves (0.041 to 6.672)
• Highpass EQ: Variable Q from 0.1 to 25
• Parametric EQ: Variable Q form 0.1 to 35
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.11 LevelMax Suite
This is a suite consisting of a peak voltage limiter, average power limiter, clip limiter and thermal
transducer limiter. First you will set the mode to automatic or advanced:
• Automatic mode: The software determines the best settings based on the signal characteristics.
You can modify only the RMS threshold, Speaker Thermal threshold and time constant. Everything
else is set automatically.
• Advanced mode: You can modify the RMS threshold, Speaker Thermal threshold, time constant,
Peak threshold and Peak/RMS release.
Peak Voltage Limiter
This limits the peak voltage output of 4.8 the amplifier. On: Enables or disables this function. You’ll
set the parameters below:
• Threshold: Sets the level, in absolute voltage, which the limiter will allow from the amplifier. The
range is from 12 Vpk to 255 Vpk.
• Attack Time: Sets the attack time of the limiter. The attack time is defined as the time it takes the
limiter to attenuate the output signal by 20 dB. The range is from 1 millisecond to 100 milliseconds.
The Instant setting attack time is instant (0 millisecond).
• Release Time: Sets the release time of the compressor. The release time is defined as the time it
takes the limiter to increase the output signal by 20 dB. The range is from 10 milliseconds to 10
seconds.
Average Power Limiter
This limits the long-term output power of the amplifier. You’ll set the parameters below:
• Threshold: Sets the average power level, in watts, which the limiter will allow from the amplifier
channel. The range is from 10 watts to 10,000 watts. This level should be set to the connected
loudspeaker’s long-term power rating. Also you must enter the loudspeaker’s nominal impedance.
• Attack Time: Sets the attack time of the limiter. The attack time is defined as the time it takes the
limiter to attenuate the output signal by 20 dB. The range is from 1 second to 30 seconds.
• Release Time: Sets the release time of the compressor. The release time is defined as the time it
takes the limiter to increase the output signal by 20 dB. The range is from 1 second to 30 seconds.
4.8.12 Front Panel Security
Here you can choose which amplifier LCD
screens to lock so they can’t be changed.
Clip Eliminator: This limiter monitors the clip events and attenuates the input signal to prevent
amplifier clipping. The attack and release times are preset to optimum rates. Only one parameter
controls this limiter. “Enable” enables or disables this limiter.
A lookahead feature prevents overshoot of the limiters. These settings were developed with JBL to
protect the speakers from overvoltage.
Transducer Thermal Limiting
This limits the long-term output power of the amplifier to what the loudspeaker load can handle
without overheating and going into thermal compression. You can set the thermal level at which the
thermal limiter engages, the thermal response time and thermal voltage. Your loudspeaker
manufacturer might be able to provide this information. Meters show the amplifier output level in
dBFS; and peak, rms, and total gain reduction.
Operation Manual
page 33
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.13 Amplifier Settings
The Amplifier Output Enable button turns each channel on
or off.
Error Reporting
The I-Tech amplifier can detect four different error conditions
per channel and errors in the AC line voltage. Each error type
can be individually configured to report the error through the
network. Network reported errors appear in the control software
Event Log. The following describes each error source.
Continuous Load Monitoring
The load supervision feature allows real-time monitoring of the
load connected to each amplifier channel. When enabled, the ITech continuously monitors the amplifier output voltage and
current, and calculates the long-term average load impedance.
The measured load impedance is compared against the userdefined high and low limits. If either limit is exceeded, the
status indicator and, if enabled, the System Architect Error
Reporting functions alert the user of the problem. There are six
controls and two indicators for each channel:
On: Enables or disables the load-supervision function.
Clip: A clip detector is provided each channel. These monitors
will indicate any clip condition (> 0.05% distortion) in the
amplifier channel. The clip detectors also can indicate Thermal
Level Control limiting.
The I-Tech HD can be configured to report if an excessive
number of output clip events occur in either amplifier channel.
The clip events are consider an error if they exceed the defined
count per the defined unit of time.
The Count Control sets the maximum number of events before
the error is reported. The range is 1 to 100. The Time Control
defines the amount of time that the events are counted before
starting the counting process over. Its range is 1 to 10 seconds.
Note: Clip events are defined as the start of each clip and every
10 milliseconds the amplifier is in clip thereafter. Using a high
count setting with a short time setting may result in clip errors
never being detected.
Load Status: This indicator shows the present status of the
load impedance with respect to the user-defined high and low
limits.
Average Impedance: Sets the expected average impedance
for the connected load. This value determines the output signal
level required for the test. This parameter is also used by the
average power limiter to determine the expected power
threshold.
High Limit: Sets the upper bound above which the system
will report a “high” error status.
Low Limit: Sets the lower bound below which the system will
report a “low” error status.
Thermal: Errors can be generated for excessive temperature
in the output section of the amplifier channel. The Threshold
Control sets the level that, if exceeded, will generate the error
report. This control has a range of 1 to 100%.
Average Impedance: Sets the expected average impedance
for the connected load. This value determines the output signal
level required for the test. This parameter is also used by the
average power limiter to determine the expected power
threshold. You set this field to the nominal impedance of the
connected load per channel.
Line voltage: The AC line voltage can be monitored and an
error generated whenever the voltage is outside of the limits set
by the software.
Report Errors via Network: When this is turned on, high
and low load errors are sent via the network to System Architect
software.
Fan: Using the ON button, you can enable reports of any fan
errors.
page 34
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.14 Amplifier Information
Information about the amplifier is stored in the software
system inventory and is displayed on the software
control panels. Information includes manufacturer,
model, date code, and serial number. The green items
can’t be edited.
Channel Labels: Each amplifier includes two labels
that you may edit for your own use. Simply type in the
text areas. Use these labels to describe the channels of
your amplifier. These names will appear in the individual
processing blocks.
Attenuator Limits: This lets you set a limit on the
attenuators. You can set the maximum attenuation from 0
dB to –100 dB. Once set, attenuation cannot be adjusted
beyond this level.
NOTE: The attenuator setting must be below the
attenuator limit that you are trying to set. For example, if
the attenuator is set at –3 dB, you cannot set the
attenuator limit below –3 dB unless you decrease the
attenuator level.
Blackout Mode: This button lets you blackout the front
panel display until you press a front-panel button or turn
an Encoder. This feature turns off the LCD backlight and
all front panel LEDs except for the fault LEDs and powerswitch green LED. After blackout mode is enabled, an
Encoder press/turn will “reactivate” the display. If no
button is pressed/turned for over 5 seconds, the display
will return to blackout mode.
4.8.15 Apply to Others
This screen lets you apply the System Architect settings
for your I-Tech HD amplifier to other I-Tech HD amplifiers in the venue file.
4.8.16 Delay (Latency)
Due to the nature of DSP processing, there is some inherent delay or latency within
the I-Tech’s DSP. These latencies are shown in Table 4 below:
Table 4. I-Tech HD latencies at two sample rates
Sample
rate
ADC
DSP
DAC
Amplifier
Total
latency
48 kHz
250µs
666µs
96 kHz
94µs
333µs
196µs
54µs
1.166ms
48µs
54µs
529µs
These latencies do not include CobraNet Transport Latency and FIR Processing
Latency.
Operation Manual
page 35
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.17 Preset Manager
The control settings for all the functions can be stored
as presets. Up to 50 presets can be saved in the I-Tech
amp’s nonvolatile memory. Each preset can be named
with a 30 character name describing its function, which
is also stored in memory.
• The Store Preset Control saves the current setting
to the specified preset.
• The Recall Preset Control recalls the specified
preset settings. It appears in the Active Preset field. If
you change the settings after recalling a preset, the
Store button will turn yellow.
You can drag the presets to place them in a logical
order. Also, you can color-code the presets to organize
them.
page 36
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
4.8.18 Signal Generator
Both channels share a noise generator that allows
noise to be mixed into the audio signal. This is useful
for noise masking applications and testing. Each
channel has the following controls:
• Noise On/Off: Turns the noise generator on or off.
• Noise Type: Selects full-spectrum white noise or
pink noise.
• Noise Level: Sets the noise level with a fader.
The sine-wave signal generator lets you mix a
single tone into the audio signal. Its controls are listed
below:
• Sine On/Off: Turns the sine-wave generator on or
off.
• Sine Frequency: Sets the frequency anywhere
from 20Hz to 20kHz.
• Sine Level: Sets the level of each channel’s sinewave signal independently.
The noise generator and sine-wave generator cannot be
used at the same time.
Operation Manual
page 37
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Operation
Maximum analog
input
Fixed gain
Low +21 26/32 dB
Hi +15 32/38 dB
Low +21 dBu (0 dB)
High +15 dBu (+6 dB)
Analog
input
AES input trim
Analog
input
sensitivity
Source
select
Output
attenuator
Fixed
gain
compensation
AES
input
Limiters
Amplifier
Cobranet input trim
Cobranet
input
Figure 4.4 The Various Gain Settings in the I-Tech HD
4.8.19 Fixed-Gain Mode in the I-Tech HD
Fixed-gain mode makes any I-Tech HD model have the same gain, regardless
of output power.
To do that, fixed-gain mode sets the Analog Input Sensitivity to 0 dB gain,
then adjusts the Fixed Gain Compensation fader, and the Maximum
Analog Input, to achieve 26 or 32 dB of gain (if the Maximum Analog Input
is set Low), or to achieve 32 or 38 dB of gain (if the Maximum Analog Input
is set High), no matter what model the amplifier is.
However, In fixed-gain mode, the input trims (Analog, AES, CobraNet) can
still be adjusted.
page 38
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
5 Troubleshooting
CONDITION: Power indicator is
off and power switch is not illuminated.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• The amplifier has lost AC power.
• The amplifier is not plugged into the
power receptacle.
CONDITION: Thermal indicator is
on.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• The amplifier is becoming too hot for safe
operation. Allow amplifier to cool. Check for
loads less than 2 ohms, and for excessive
input levels. Check for proper ventilation.
• Rear-panel breaker is off.
CONDITION: Power indicator
is off and power switch is illuminated.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• The amplifier’s power switch is off.
CONDITION: Fault indicator is
flashing.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• The amplifier channel has stopped
operating. Refer the unit to an authorized
Crown Service Center.
CONDITION: Power indicator is
flashing.
POSSIBLE REASON
• The AC line voltage has dropped below
15% or has risen above 15% of the
rated range.
CONDITION: Power indicator is
off and power switch is not illuminated.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• Load is wired incorrectly or Output Mode
switch in LCD-screen menu is set incorrectly. Check both.
“Off/Flashing/On” means that the
LED can be off, or flashing, or on.
Operation Manual
• Input is overloaded by a signal level that
is too high. Turn down your amplifier level
controls (Encoders), or turn down the
input signal, until the clip light goes out.
Note: If the signal sounds distorted even
though the Clip LED is off, the input signal
may be distorted before it reaches the
amplifier input. Check gain staging and
output levels of the mixer or preamp.
page 39
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
5 Troubleshooting
CONDITION: No sound, even though
the amp has power. Power LED is on
without flashing and the amp is receiving an input
signal. Signal indicator is on or flashing.
CONDITION: Data indicator not flashing, even though host computer
software is active.
POSSIBLE REASON
• Cable between computer and amplifier is broken
or not connected.
• Speakers not connected.
• Open circuit due to speaker failure.
• There is a short on the amplifier output. First
disconnect your speakers from the affected
channel(s) one by one to determine if one of
the loads is shorted.
POSSIBLE REASON:
Note: Data indicator flashes only when the amplifier
is polled for data, or is polled to see whether it is
online.
CONDITION: Yellow LINK ACTIVITY indicator in
Ethernet connector does not illuminate or flash.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• Ethernet link is broken.
• Ready LED is off. Channel has been set to
standby mode via the software.
• Amplifier is in blackout mode. Press or
turn an Encoder to reactivate the LCD
display.
CONDITION: COND indicator is off.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• There is only one conductor allowed per network system. This
indicator is lit only when the amplifier is the conductor.
• Amplifier is in blackout mode. Press or turn an Encoder to
reactivate the LCD display.
page 40
CONDITION: No input signal. Signal
indicator is not flashing even though audio is
applied, and the channel is ready.
CONDITION: Computer does not communicate with the
network devices.
POSSIBLE REASON
POSSIBLE REASON:
• Input signal level is very low.
• Incorrect wiring. See Section 3.5 letter O on network wiring.
• Another source is selected or routed.
• IP Addressing is not done correctly. Use the Network Troubleshooting
Wizard in System Architect.
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
6 Specifications
Minimum Guaranteed Power
20 Hz - 20 kHz with 0.35% THD
Stereo, 2 ohms (per ch.)
Stereo, 4 ohms (per ch.)
Stereo, 8 ohms (per ch.)
Bridge mono, 4 ohms
Bridge mono, 8 ohms
Performance
Input Sensitivity (volts RMS) for rated output
Voltage Gain for full rated power at 8 ohms
I-T5000HD
1800W
2000W
1250W
3600W
4000W
I-T5000HD
Adjustable in 0.1V steps from
1.28V to 8V
37.1 dB to 22.2 dB
I-T9000HD
2500W
3000W
1500W
5000W
6000W
I-T9000HD
I-T12000HD
3500W
4000W
2100W
7000W
8000W
I-T12000HD
Adjustable in 0.1V steps from
1.28V to 8V
Adjustable in 0.1V steps from
1.28V to 8V
37.9 dB to 23.0 dB
40.1 dB to 24.5 dB
Frequency Response (at 1 watt, 20Hz - 20 kHz)
± 0.25 dB
± 0.25 dB
± 0.25 dB
Signal to Noise Ratio below rated full-bandwidth power, A-weighted
> 108 dB
> 108 dB
> 108 dB
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) at full rated power at 1 kHz
< 0.1%
< 0.1%
< 0.1%
Intermodulation Distortion (IMD) 60 Hz and 7 kHz at 4:1,
from full rated output to –35 dB
< 0.35%
< 0.35%
< 0.35%
+15 dBu or +21 dBu, depending on setting of
maximum input level
+15 dBu or +21 dBu,
depending on setting of maximum input level
+15 dBu or +21 dBu,
depending on setting of maximum input level
1.16 mS at 48 kHz, 529 µS at 96 kHz
1.16 mS at 48 kHz, 529 µS at 96 kHz
1.16 mS at 48 kHz, 529 µS at 96 kHz
24-bit 96 kHz Cirrus Logic
24-bit 96 kHz Cirrus Logic
24-bit 96 kHz Cirrus Logic
AES/EBU, 24-bit, 32-96 kHz.
Onboard sample rate converter.
AES/EBU, 24-bit, 32-96 kHz.
Onboard sample rate converter.
AES/EBU, 24-bit, 32-96 kHz.
Onboard sample rate converter.
Onboard HiQnet and TCP/IQ, compatible with
standard 100Mb Ethernet hardware
Onboard HiQnet and TCP/IQ, compatible with
standard 100Mb Ethernet hardware
Onboard HiQnet and TCP/IQ, compatible with
standard 100Mb Ethernet hardware
DSP
24-bit conversion with 32-bit, floatingpoint DSP processing
24-bit conversion with 32-bit, floatingpoint DSP processing
24-bit conversion with 32-bit, floatingpoint DSP processing
Attenuators
Speed-sensitive rotary encoders, 0.5 dB
steps, range 0 to –100 dB.
Speed-sensitive rotary encoders, 0.5 dB
steps, range 0 to –100 dB
Speed-sensitive rotary encoders, 0.5 dB
steps, range 0 to –100 dB
Maximum Input Level
Latency
A/D, D/A Converters
Digital Input
Network
Operation Manual
page 41
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
6 Specifications
Performance
I-T5000HD
I-T9000HD
I-T12000HD
Damping Factor (8 ohms): 20 Hz to 100 Hz
> 5000
> 5000
> 5000
Crosstalk (below rated power, 20 Hz to 1 kHz)
> 80 dB
> 80 dB
> 80 dB
> 55 dB, typically > 70 dB
> 55 dB, typically > 70 dB
> 55 dB, typically > 70 dB
< ± 3 mV
< ± 3 mV
< ± 3 mV
20 kilohms balanced, 10 kilohms unbalanced
20 kilohms balanced, 10 kilohms unbalanced
20 kilohms balanced, 10 kilohms unbalanced
1-2-4-8-16 ohms
2-4-8 ohms
1-2-4-8-16 ohms
2-4-8 ohms
1-2-4-8-16 ohms
2-4-8 ohms
Required AC Mains
Universal AC input, 100-240VAC (±15%),
50/60 Hz. Max. AC mains voltage 277VAC.
Universal AC input, 100-240VAC (±15%),
50/60 Hz. Max. AC mains voltage 277VAC.
Universal AC input, 100-240VAC (±15%),
50/60 Hz. Max. AC mains voltage 277VAC.
AC Line Connector
USA, UK, European, Australia, India
USA, UK, European, Australia, India
USA, UK, European, Australia, India
I-T9000HD
I-T12000HD
Flow-through ventilation from front to back
Flow-through ventilation from front to back
Flow-through ventilation from front to back
Dual-zone, microprocessor controlled,
continuously variable speed fans
Dual-zone, microprocessor controlled,
continuously variable speed fans
Dual-zone, microprocessor controlled,
continuously variable speed fans
EIA Standard 19-inch rack mount width (EIA
RS-310B), 3.5-inch (8.9-cm) height, 16.2-inch
(41.1-cm) depth behind front mounting surface
EIA Standard 19-inch rack mount width (EIA
RS-310B), 3.5-inch (8.9-cm) height, 16.2-inch
(41.1-cm) depth behind front mounting surface
EIA Standard 19-inch rack mount width (EIA
RS-310B), 3.5-inch (8.9-cm) height, 16.2-inch
(41.1-cm) depth behind front mounting surface
28 pounds (12.7 kg)
36 pounds (16.3 kg)
28 pounds (12.7 kg)
36 pounds (16.3 kg)
28 pounds (12.7 kg)
36 pounds (16.3 kg)
Common Mode Rejection (CMR) (20 Hz to 1 kHz)
DC Output Offset (Shorted input)
Input Impedance (nominal)
Load Impedance (Note: Safe with all types of loads)
Stereo
Bridge Mono
Construction
Ventilation
Cooling
Dimensions
Weight
Net
Shipping
page 42
I-T5000HD
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
6 Specifications
Charts
Figure 6.1 Typical Frequency Response (1W)
Operation Manual
Figure 6.2 Typical Crosstalk vs. Frequency
page 43
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
6 Specifications
Figure 6.3 Typical Damping Factor vs. Frequency
page 44
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
7 AC Power Draw and Thermal Dissipation
I-Tech 5000HD AC Current Draw and Thermal Dissipation:
Pink noise 12dB crest factor, bandwidth limited 22Hz to 22kHz.
Typical line impedance used.
Data based on both channels driven.
I-T5000HD
120VAC
Load
Idle (sleep mode)
Idle (awake)
1/8th Power Pink Noise
Typical of program material
just at clip.
1/3rd Power Pink Noise
Typical of program material
with severe clipping.
Operation Manual
Line Current
120VAC
208VAC
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
0.8
1.6
8 Ohms/Ch.
16 Ohms Bridge
4 Ohms/Ch.
8 Ohms Bridge
2 Ohms/Ch.
4 Ohms Bridge
8 Ohms/Ch.
16 Ohms Bridge
4 Ohms/Ch.
8 Ohms Bridge
2 Ohms/Ch.
4 Ohms Bridge
Line Current
208VAC
230VAC
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
0.95
1.4
Line Current
230VAC
Thermal Dissipation
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
0.9
1.3
Watts
Dissipated
Btu/hr
kcal/hr
53
172
182
587
157
505
5.3
59.6
3.4
94.6
3.1
102.6
305
1040
262
7.8
64.9
4.7
106.9
4.4
116.3
414
1413
356
8.0
58.1
4.8
96.1
4.4
106.0
476
1625
410
10.9
77.1
6.6
126.2
6.0
139.9
437
1491
376
17.8
77.0
10.5
129.1
9.5
142.1
711
2426
612
17.7
70.3
10.7
115.3
9.4
128.7
824
2814
709
page 45
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
7 AC Power Draw and Thermal Dissipation
I-Tech 9000HD AC Current Draw and Thermal Dissipation:
Pink noise 12dB crest factor, bandwidth limited 22Hz to 22kHz.
Typical line impedance used.
Data based on both channels driven.
I-T9000HD
120VAC
Load
Idle (sleep mode)
Idle (awake)
1/8th Power Pink Noise
Typical of program material
just at clip.
1/3rd Power Pink Noise
Typical of program material
with severe clipping.
page 46
Line Current
120VAC
208VAC
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
1.0
2.1
8 Ohms/Ch.
16 Ohms Bridge
4 Ohms/Ch.
8 Ohms Bridge
2 Ohms/Ch.
4 Ohms Bridge
8 Ohms/Ch.
16 Ohms Bridge
4 Ohms/Ch.
8 Ohms Bridge
2 Ohms/Ch.
4 Ohms Bridge
Line Current
208VAC
230VAC
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
1.0
1.7
Line Current
230VAC
Thermal Dissipation
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
0.95
1.6
Watts
Dissipated
Btu/hr
kcal/hr
60
225
205
767
177
660
6.6
57.6
4.2
91.2
3.8
99.8
392
1338
337
11.6
65.7
7.0
108.8
6.3
120.4
593
2024
510
11.5
55.9
6.8
96.5
6.2
105.3
695
2373
598
13.6
74.4
8.1
125.3
7.4
137.2
579
1977
498
27.6
73.9
16.0
127.2
14.3
141.0
1149
3921
988
25.0
67.0
14.9
113.5
13.6
124.3
1223
4173
1052
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
7 AC Power Draw and Thermal Dissipation
I-Tech 12000HD AC Current Draw and Thermal Dissipation:
Pink noise 12dB crest factor, bandwidth limited 22Hz to 22kHz.
Typical line impedance used.
Data based on both channels driven.
I-T12000HD
120VAC
Load
Idle (sleep mode)
Idle (awake)
1/8th Power Pink Noise
Typical of program material
just at clip.
1/3rd Power Pink Noise
Typical of program material
with severe clipping.
Operation Manual
Line Current
120VAC
208VAC
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
0.9
2.0
8 Ohms/Ch.
16 Ohms Bridge
4 Ohms/Ch.
8 Ohms Bridge
2 Ohms/Ch.
4 Ohms Bridge
8 Ohms/Ch.
16 Ohms Bridge
4 Ohms/Ch.
8 Ohms Bridge
2 Ohms/Ch.
4 Ohms Bridge
Line Current
208VAC
230VAC
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
1.1
1.8
Line Current
230VAC
Thermal Dissipation
Watts Out
Per 1A
Amp Line
Current
1.0
1.6
Watts
Dissapited
Btu/hr
kcal/hr
62
213
212
726
183
625
8.3
63.6
5.1
103.3
4.7
111.8
441
1504
379
14.6
68.8
8.7
115.2
8.0
124.5
701
2394
603
14.2
62.9
8.2
106.1
7.7
113.6
764
2607
657
18.1
77.4
11.0
128.3
9.9
142.0
715
2439
615
35.1
76.3
20.8
128.6
18.7
144.2
1370
4677
1179
33.9
69.2
19.9
118.0
17.9
131.1
1589
5425
1368
page 47
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
8 Advanced Features
8.1 Protection Systems
Your Crown amplifier provides extensive
protection and diagnostic capabilities, including
thermal level control, fault indicators, high-pass
filtering, DC protect, AC under/over voltage
protection, inrush limiting, and variable-speed
fans with tachometer feedback. Microprocessor
monitors fans, and signals an error via System
Architect if fans are not operating.
8.1.1 Thermal Level Control (TLC)
If the amplifier becomes too hot for safe
operation, the TLC will engage the input
compressor and the clip LED will illuminate. By
compressing the input, the amplifier will not
generate as much heat and will have a chance to
cool down. The degree of compression is
proportional to the amount of overheating. This
feature allows the show to go on, rather than
having the amplifier shut down, and only occurs
in extreme situations.
8.1.2 Circuit Breaker
If the current draw of the amplifier exceeds safe
limits, this breaker automatically disconnects the
power supply from the AC mains.
page 48
8.2 Global Switching Power Supply
with PFC
Thanks to its global power supply, the I-Tech
amplifier works anywhere in the world. There’s
no need to reset an AC mains voltage switch,
and no need to order a special model. The amp
will work and meet all specs on 100V - 240VAC,
50/60 Hz.
Crown’s Switching Power Supply minimizes the
amplifier’s weight.
Typical non-switching power supplies require
large, heavy transformers in order to produce
the required power at the output stage. These
transformers must be large to operate at 50 to
60 Hz (standard AC supplied by the power
company).
By contrast, switching power supplies can operate with a much smaller (and lighter)
transformer because they first convert the AC up
to a much higher frequency, thereby reducing
waste.
Power Factor Correction (PFC) controls how
your amplifier draws current from the AC mains.
Instead of drawing high-magnitude current
spikes that reduce the capacity of your power
distro (and couple noise into other system
components), PFC draws a smooth and quiet
current waveform that is in phase with the mains
voltage waveform. PFC allows you to reduce the
size and weight of your power distribution and
improve the performance of your signal
processors.
8.3 3rd Generation Class I Circuitry
Class I (BCA, Balanced Current Amplifier)
Interleave technology allows high levels of
power output without all the associated heat
found in a conventional amplifier. This highly
efficient design also provides accurate,
uncolored sound with very low distortion and a
high damping factor for tight, clean bass
response. And it can deliver more power to
reactive loads than conventional dissipative
designs (comfortably driving the latest hightechnology transducers). Class I also reduces
current draw of the AC mains, providing energy
conservation.
8.4 Color-Coded Rear Overlay
The labels on the rear panel are color coded to
group similar functions under common colors.
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
9 Appendix A: Network and CobraNet Basics
9.1 HiQnet Networks
Background: A Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of computers in a venue that
share data, either through cables or via wireless transmission. Ethernet is a popular
LAN communication protocol for PCs. An audio network is a Local Area Network
made of audio devices and one or more computers. A subnet is a small network within a
larger network. For example, an audio network might have two subnets: one for
entertainment audio, and one for paging.
One use of an audio network is to control and monitor power amplifiers on stage from a
computer at Front-of-House. You can set amplifier levels, adjust crossovers, measure
speaker impedance, check for overheating and clipping, all from the house mixing
console.
I-T5000HD
You need a way to send computer commands to several audio devices at once. This is
done with an Ethernet switch, which is something like an audio Y cable or distribution
amp. The computer, and all the audio devices, connect to the switch as in Figure 9.1.
I-T5000HD
HiQnet protocol lets you control and monitor certain Harman products (including
Crown) on an Ethernet network. Figure 9.1 shows a typical HiQnet network.
I-T9000HD
HiQnet control offers many advantages:
• Use of “off-the-shelf” network hardware. HiQnet uses standard hardware
commonly used in the computer industry, making it both low-cost and readily available.
• Better Performance. Meters display faster in realtime because the network is wide
bandwidth.
Computer
I-T9000HD
I-T12000HD
HiQnet provides these functions:
• Quickly find all HiQnet components connected to the network.
• Synchronize multiple control points on a network.
• Control and monitor components on different Local Area Networks (LANs) through the
use of an IP router (explained later).
• Upgrade firmware via the network.
Laptop
100Mb Switch
Figure 9.1 A HiQnet Network
Network Addresses
Each component in a HiQnet network has three addresses to identify it:
• Media Access Control (MAC) Address
• Internet Protocol (IP) Address
• HiQnet Address
Let’s explain each identifier.
Operation Manual
page 49
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
MAC address: Short for Media Access Control, MAC is an address for an audio component
that is burned into firmware in the component by its manufacturer, and cannot be changed.
Every component in a network has its own unique MAC address. The MAC address is printed
on a label outside the component. It is shown in hexadecimal format as 6 two-byte octets such
as:
00-0A-40-00-DC-2F
AUDIO NETWORK
VENUE NETWORK
HiQnet Address: When you set up a network with System Architect software, you assign an
address to each component. Each component has its own address, numbered from 1 to
64,999.
Internet Protocol (IP) Address: When you set up a network, you assign an IP address to
each component. The IP address identifies each component. That way, certain data can be
sent to the correct address (the correct component). An IP address has four numbers
separated by periods. Each of the four numbers must be 0 to 255. For example:
192.168.0.1
Part of an IP address the network ID, and the remaining part is the host ID. The host ID is
either:
• A subnet number and a device address.
• A device address (if there is no subnet in the network).
Computer
PIP-Lite
Computer
Laptop
I-Tech HD power amplifiers
To identify which part of the IP address is the network ID, you assign a Subnet Mask to the
network. A Subnet Mask is four numbers (0-255) separated by periods. “255” means “this
part of the address is the network ID”. For example, if the subnet mask is 255.255.0.0, and the
IP address is 192.168.0.127, the network ID is 192.168.
100Mb Switch
IP Router
To communicate between different networks, you need an IP Router. Any control data or
monitor data that is sent to the other network must go through the IP Router.
The IP address allows components and computers on multiple networks to communicate with
each other through the use of an IP Router as shown in Figure 9.2.
IP Router
100Mb Switch
Laptop
Wireless Access Point
Here is an application for a router. Wireless devices, because of bandwidth limitations, cannot
be on a CobraNet network. However, the wireless devices can be on a non-CobraNet network,
and access CobraNet devices through a router using IP addressing.
Discovery is the process where System Architect finds all the devices on an audio network
and lists them on the computer screen. Discovery cannot be done through an IP router, so a
Discovery Proxy is required. If you need to control or monitor components that are on
another subnet, you will need to specify ONE component on the remote network that can act
as a Discovery Proxy. Currently, all networked Crown products except the PIP Lite can
function in this capacity.
Figure 9.2 Multiple-Network Communication Via an IP Router
To add a Proxy, select Setup > Network Setup > Proxy addresses. Choose any one of the
components listed above, type its IP address in the box under Proxy Addresses, then click the
Add button. To remove a Proxy, select the IP address in the list and click the Remove button.
page 50
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
9.2 A Closer Look at CobraNet
Licensed by Cirrus, CobraNet is a protocol, firmware and hardware that lets you transmit digital audio over a 100Base-T Fast-Ethernet network.
This section provides an overview of CobraNet. Cirrus Logic has provided a number of
technical papers that describe CobraNet in detail. These papers are available at:
http://www.cobranetinfo.com.
9.2.1 Fast Ethernet
(100Base-T)
Fast Ethernet (100Base-T) runs at 100Mbps (Megabits per second). It uses a hub or
network switch to interconnect all network nodes (components). This forms a star
network (see Figure 9.1). In a star network, all PCs are connected to a centralized hub
or switch. Messages are sent from the originating PC to the hub, which then transmits
the message either to the whole network or, if a switched hub (network switch) is used,
to the destination device only.
In larger Fast Ethernet networks, additional hubs, concentrators, and other network
hardware are used to form a larger network, as shown in Figure 9.2.
Figure 9.3 Star Topology
Today, commonly available networking cards are 10/100Base-T capable, which allows
them to be used on either 10BaseT or 100Base-T networks.
The maximum length of cable for CobraNet is the same as for Ethernet:100 meters over
CAT-5 copper cable, 2 kilometers over multimode fiber. Proprietary “Fast Ethernet via
single mode fiber” networks can reach even further.
9.2.2 Audio Specs
Sample rate: CobraNet can handle sample rates of 48 kHz or 96 kHz. I-Tech HD is
switchable between 48 kHz and 96 kHz.
Bit depth: Set each channel to transmit 16-, 20- or 24-bit audio data as desired.
Latency: The transmitter and receiver buffers required for reliable transmission are
set to 256 samples as a default. This gives a network transmission latency of 5.333 mS
(256 samples at 1/48 kHz per sample). I-Tech HD latency is switchable between 1.33,
2.66, and 5.33 mS.
9.2.3 Bundles and Audio Channels
You assign all audio channels to groups called Bundles for transmission over the
CobraNet network. Bundles were formerly called Network Channels.
A bundle can carry up to 8 audio channels. Up to 8 bundles can be sent in a 100 Mbps
line, depending on the signal’s bit depth and sampling rate. Only 4 bundles are available when 96 kHz sampling rate is in use.
Figure 9.4 Multi-Star Topology
The usual assignment is 8 channels at 20 bits. You can use fewer channels per bundle,
but maximum size bundles are suggested for the most efficient use of network bandwidth. If 24-bit data is desired, then only 7 audio channels can be loaded into a single
Bundle. With a 96 kHz sample rate, only 4 channels of audio are available.
Operation Manual
page 51
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
In System Architect, you create audio connections between sending
devices (transmitters) and receiving devices (receivers). For example,
a mixer could be a transmitter, and a power amp could be a receiver.
You assign each connection a Bundle number. The Bundle number
indicates which devices are communicating with each other.
Also in System Architect, you address each connection as Multicast or Unicast. A Multicast (Broadcast) connection is from one
transmitter to multiple receivers. A Unicast connection is from one
transmitter to one receiver. For example, if you send a mixer’s digital
audio signal to several power amps, the signal would be Multicast.
Unicast is most used on “switched” networks requiring more than 64
channels.
You specify a connection as Multicast or Unicast by the delivery
address it you give it in System Architect. 255 and lower is Multicast
(Broadcast); 256 and up is Unicast.
The “Receiver Count” monitor indicates how many devices are
receiving the digital audio bundle. The “Active” indicator indicates
whether the particular Bundle is being actively transmitted onto the
network.
page 52
9.2.4 The Conductor
A CobraNet system is coordinated by one audio device in the network
called the Conductor. It regulates the CobraNet digital audio traffic
on the CobraNet network. That is, the Conductor is the master clock
for the rest of the network.
You choose one device to be the network conductor based on a
priority scheme. The Conductor indicator will light on the CobraNet
device that is serving as the conductor.
The Conductor handles time-division multiplexing and clock recovery
on the network. The Conductor periodically broadcasts a well-defined
“beat” packet to all components to recover synchronous timing
information. The “beat” also specifies which addresses can transmit
at certain time slots within the “beat” period.
In effect, each network port in an audio component has 100MB of
bandwidth. The network can be as large as 100MB times the number
of ports on the network.
Another advantage of switched networks is “full-duplex” connections
between components. A full-duplex link allows simultaneous send
and receive over the same Ethernet connection.
Each transmitting device is allowed to transmit in a given time-slot
within the Conductor-controlled isochronous cycle time. The timeslot is determined by the assigned bundle priority. Higher bundle
priorities receive lower-numbered positions and are transmitted first.
9.2.5 Switched Networks
A more complex CobraNet network can be built using Ethernet
switches. Switches do not simply broadcast each and every packet
to all nodes. Instead, they check each incoming data packet to
determine its destination and (very quickly) transmit the data to only
that destination port. This allows for more network data flow, more
Bundles and more audio channels.
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
9 Appendix B: Setting Sensitivity for Best Gain Staging
Optimized system gain structure maximizes signal to noise within the system.
Adjusting your amplifier to fit within an optimized system gain structure is
accomplished by properly setting both the sensitivity and attenuation controls
within the amplifier. I-Tech amplifiers offer 149 sensitivity and gain settings
allowing very fine adjustment of the amplifier’s gain and voltage sensitivity.
The Appendix section of the I-Tech Application guide (online at www.
crownaudio.com) provides charts with sensitivity in volts and gain in dB for
each sensitivity/gain setting.
With other amplifiers, it is often necessary to apply attenuation in order to
achieve the desired sound pressure level. Large amounts of attenuation are not
necessary with I-Tech amplifiers and can, in fact, degrade performance. The
attenuation adjustment should only be used for small (3 dB) or temporary
adjustments in amplifier gain. Instead, set the sensitivity/gain of your I-Tech
amplifier so that you can achieve the desired output with the attenuators at or
near 0 dB.
Example: Suppose that you are using an I-T9000HD with the sensitivity/gain
set at 1.4V/37.1 dB. After optimizing the gain structure of the rest of your
system you find that attenuating the amplifier by 10 dB produces the desired
loudness. The same output level, with improved signal-to-noise ratio and
headroom, can be achieved by using 0 dB of attenuation and by setting the
amplifier sensitivity/gain to 5.81V/27.0 dB (37 dB – 10 dB = 27 dB).
Note: as indicated in the online appendix, the list of possible sensitivity
settings is different for each position of the max input setting. If, while
adjusting sensitivity/gain in your amplifier, you do not find the setting you
need, try changing the status of the max input setting and search again.
Operation Manual
page 53
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
10 Service
Crown amplifiers are quality units that rarely require
servicing. Before returning your unit for service, please
contact Crown Technical Support to verify the need for
servicing.
Remember to transport the unit in the original factory
pack. A list of authorized service centers in your area can
be obtained from Crown Factory Service, or online from
http://www.crownaudio.com/support/servcent.htm.
This unit has very sophisticated circuitry which should only
be serviced by a fully trained technician. This is one reason
why each unit bears the following label:
10.2.2 Factory Service
Crown accepts no responsibility for non-serviceable
product that is sent to us for factory repair. It is the owner’s
responsibility to ensure that their product is serviceable
prior to sending it to the factory. Serviceable product list
is available at
http://crownweb.crownintl.com/crownrma/.
For more information, please contact us direct.
CAUTION: To prevent electric shock, do not remove
covers. No user serviceable parts inside. Refer
servicing to a qualified technician.
Complete the Crown Audio Factory Service Information
form, in the back of this manual, when returning a Crown
product to the factory or authorized service center. The form
must be included with your product inside the box or in a
packing slip envelope securely attached to the outside of the
shipping carton. Do not send this form separately.
Warranty is only valid within the country in which the
product was purchased.
10.1 International and Canada Service
Service may be obtained from an authorized service center.
(Contact your local Crown/Amcron representative or our
office for a list of authorized service centers.) To obtain
service, simply present the bill of sale as proof of purchase
along with the defective unit to an authorized service center.
They will handle the necessary paperwork and repair.
Remember to transport your unit in the original factory pack.
10.2 US Service
Service may be obtained in one of two ways: from an
authorized service center or from the factory. You may
choose either. It is important that you have your copy of the
bill of sale as your proof of purchase.
10.2.1 Service at a US Service Center
This method usually saves the most time and effort. Simply
present your bill of sale along with the defective unit to an
authorized service center to obtain service. They will handle
the necessary paperwork and repair.
page 54
A Service Return Authorization (SRA) is required for
product being sent to the factory for repair. An SRA can be
completed online at www.crownaudio.com/support/
factserv.htm. If you do not have access to the web, please
call Crown’s Customer Service at 574.294.8200 or
800.342.6939 extension 8205.
For warranty service, we will pay for ground shipping
both ways in the United States. Contact Crown Customer
Service to obtain prepaid shipping labels prior to sending
the unit. Or, if you prefer, you may prepay the cost of
shipping, and Crown will reimburse you. Send copies of
the shipping receipts to Crown to receive reimbursement.
Your repaired unit will be returned via UPS ground.
Please contact us if other arrangements are required.
10.2.3 Factory Service Shipping Instructions:
1. Service Return Authorization (SRA) is required for
product being sent to the factory for service. Please
complete the SRA by going to
www.crownaudio.com/support/factserv.htm. If you
do not have access to our website, call
1.800.342.6939, extension 8205 and we’ll create the
SRA for you.
2. See packing instructions that follow.
3. Ship product to:
CROWN AUDIO FACTORY SERVICE
1718 W MISHAWKA RD.
ELKHART, IN 46517
4. Use a bold black marker and write the SRA number
on three sides of the box.
1. Open carton and lift center cushion leaving both endcushions in place.
5. Record the SRA number for future reference. The
SRA number can be used to check the repair status.
2. Carefully place your product with the product’s front
panel facing the same direction as arrows indicate.
10.2.4 Packing Instructions
Important: These instructions must be followed. If they
are not followed, Crown Audio, Inc. assumes no
responsibility for damaged goods and/or accessories that
are sent with your unit.
3. Reset center cushion down over top of product’s
chassis. The foam-in-place packing was molded to
accommodate different chassis depth sizes. If your
product’s chassis does not completely fill the foamin-place cavity, you may use a soft but solid packing
material (such as paper or bubble wrap) behind the
chassis.
1. Fill out and include the Crown Audio Factory Service
Information sheet in the back of this manual.
2. Do not ship any accessories (manuals, cords,
hardware, etc.) with your unit. These items are not
needed to service your product. We will not be
responsibility for these items.
3. When shipping your Crown product, it is important
that it has adequate protection. We recommend you
use the original pack material when returning the
product for repair. If you do not have the original box,
please call Crown at 800.342.6939 or 574.294.8210
and order new pack material. See instructions for
“foam-in-place” shipping pack. (Do not ship your
unit in a wood or metal cabinet.)
4. If you provide your own shipping pack, the minimum
recommended requirements for materials are as
follows:
a. 275 P.S.I. burst test, Double-Wall carton that allows
for 2-inch solid Styrofoam on all six sides of unit or 3
inches of plastic bubble wrap on all six sides of unit.
b. Securely seal the package with an adequate carton
sealing tape.
c. Do not use light boxes or “peanuts”. Damage caused
by poor packaging will not be covered under
warranty.
Using your ‘foam-in-place’ shipping pack
Note: The foam-in-place packing is molded so that there
is only one correct position for your product.
4. Enclose the completed Crown Audio Factory Service
Information form (or securely attach it to the outside
of carton) and re-seal the shipping pack with a sturdy
carton sealing tape.
10.2.5 Estimate Approval
Approval of estimate must be given within 30 days after
being notified by Crown Audio Inc. Units still in the
possession of Crown after 30 days of the estimate will
become the property of Crown Audio Inc.
10.2.6 Payment of Non-Warranty Repairs
Payment on out-of-waranty repairs must be received
within 30 days of the repair date. Units unclaimed after 30
days become the property of Crown Audio Inc.
If you have any questions, please contact Crown Factory
Service.
Crown Factory Service
1718 W. Mishawaka Rd.,
Elkhart, Indiana 46517 U.S.A.
Telephone:
574.294.8200
800.342.6939 (North America,
Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands only)
Facsimile:
574.294.8301 (Technical Support)
574.294.8124 (Factory Service)
Internet:
http://www.crownaudio.com
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
11 Warranty
UNITED STATES & CANADA
SUMMARY OF WARRANTY
Crown International, 1718 West Mishawaka Road,
Elkhart, Indiana 46517-4095 U.S.A. warrants to
you, the ORIGINAL PURCHASER and ANY
SUBSEQUENT OWNER of each NEW Crown
product, for a period of three (3) years from the
date of purchase by the original purchaser (the
“warranty period”) that the new Crown product is
free of defects in materials and workmanship. We
further warrant the new Crown product regardless
of the reason for failure, except as excluded in this
Warranty.
Warranty is only valid within the country in which
the product was purchased.
ITEMS EXCLUDED FROM THIS
CROWN WARRANTY
This Crown Warranty is in effect only for failure of
a new Crown product which occurred within the
Warranty Period. It does not cover any product
which has been damaged because of any
intentional misuse, accident, negligence, or loss
which is covered under any of your insurance
contracts. This Crown Warranty also does not
extend to the new Crown product if the serial
number has been defaced, altered, or removed.
WHAT THE WARRANTOR WILL DO
We will remedy any defect, regardless of the
reason for failure (except as excluded), by repair,
replacement, or refund. We may not elect refund
unless you agree, or unless we are unable to
provide replacement, and repair is not practical or
cannot be timely made. If a refund is elected, then
you must make the defective or malfunctioning
product available to us free and clear of all liens or
other encumbrances. The refund will be equal to
Operation Manual
the actual purchase price, not including interest,
insurance, closing costs, and other finance
charges less a reasonable depreciation on the
product from the date of original purchase.
Warranty work can only be performed at our
authorized service centers or at the factory.
Warranty work for some products can only be
performed at our factory. We will remedy the
defect and ship the product from the service center
or our factory within a reasonable time after
receipt of the defective product at our authorized
service center or our factory. All expenses in
remedying the defect, including surface shipping
costs in the United States, will be borne by us.
(You must bear the expense of shipping the
product between any foreign country and the port
of entry in the United States including the return
shipment, and all taxes, duties, and other customs
fees for such foreign shipments.)
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY
SERVICE
You must notify us of your need for warranty
service within the warranty period. All
components must be shipped in a factory pack,
which, if needed, may be obtained from us free of
charge. Corrective action will be taken within a
reasonable time of the date of receipt of the
defective product by us or our authorized service
center. If the repairs made by us or our authorized
service center are not satisfactory, notify us or our
authorized service center immediately.
DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL
AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
THIS INCLUDES ANY DAMAGE TO ANOTHER
PRODUCT OR PRODUCTS RESULTING FROM
SUCH A DEFECT. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW
THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATIONS OF
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES,
SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION
MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
WARRANTY ALTERATIONS
No person has the authority to enlarge, amend, or
modify this Crown Warranty. This Crown Warranty
is not extended by the length of time which you are
deprived of the use of the new Crown product.
Repairs and replacement parts provided under the
terms of this Crown Warranty shall carry only the
unexpired portion of this Crown Warranty.
DESIGN CHANGES
We reserve the right to change the design of any
product from time to time without notice and with
no obligation to make corresponding changes in
products previously manufactured.
LEGAL REMEDIES OF PURCHASER
THIS CROWN WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC
LEGAL RIGHTS, YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER
RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
No action to enforce this Crown Warranty shall be
commenced after expiration of the warranty
period.
THIS STATEMENT OF WARRANTY SUPERSEDES
ANY OTHERS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR
CROWN PRODUCTS.
9/07
YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO RECOVER FROM US
ANY INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM
ANY DEFECT IN THE NEW CROWN PRODUCT.
page 55
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
11 Warranty
WORLDWIDE EXCEPT USA & CANADA
SUMMARY OF WARRANTY
WHAT THE WARRANTOR WILL DO
Crown International, 1718 West Mishawaka Road,
Elkhart, Indiana 46517-4095 U.S.A. warrants to
you, the ORIGINAL PURCHASER and ANY
SUBSEQUENT OWNER of each NEW Crown1
product, for a period of three (3) years from the
date of purchase by the original purchaser (the
“warranty period”) that the new Crown product is
free of defects in materials and workmanship, and
we further warrant the new Crown product
regardless of the reason for failure, except as
excluded in this Warranty.
We will remedy any defect, regardless of the
reason for failure (except as excluded), by repair,
replacement, or refund. We may not elect refund
unless you agree, or unless we are unable to
provide replacement, and repair is not practical or
cannot be timely made. If a refund is elected, then
you must make the defective or malfunctioning
product available to us free and clear of all liens or
other encumbrances. The refund will be equal to
the actual purchase price, not including interest,
insurance, closing costs, and other finance
charges less a reasonable depreciation on the
product from the date of original purchase.
Warranty work can only be performed at our
authorized service centers. We will remedy the
defect and ship the product from the service center
within a reasonable time after receipt of the
defective product at our authorized service center.
Warranty is only valid within the country in which
the product is purchased.
1 Note: If your unit bears the name “Amcron,” please substitute it
for the name “Crown” in this warranty.
ITEMS EXCLUDED FROM THIS CROWNWARRANTY
This Crown Warranty is in effect only for failure of
a new Crown product which occurred within the
Warranty Period. It does not cover any product
which has been damaged because of any
intentional misuse, accident, negligence, or loss
which is covered under any of your insurance
contracts. This Crown Warranty also does not
extend to the new Crown product if the serial
number has been defaced, altered, or removed.
page 56
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
You must notify your local Crown importer of your
need for warranty service within the warranty
period. All components must be shipped in the
original box. Corrective action will be taken within
a reasonable time of the date of receipt of the
defective product by our authorized service center.
If the repairs made by our authorized service
center are not satisfactory, notify our authorized
service center immediately.
DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL AND
INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO RECOVER FROM US
ANY INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM
ANY DEFECT IN THE NEW CROWN PRODUCT.
THIS INCLUDES ANY DAMAGE TO ANOTHER
PRODUCT OR PRODUCTS RESULTING FROM
SUCH A DEFECT.
WARRANTY ALTERATIONS
No person has the authority to enlarge, amend, or
modify this Crown Warranty. This Crown Warranty
is not extended by the length of time which you are
deprived of the use of the new Crown product.
Repairs and replacement parts provided under the
terms of this Crown Warranty shall carry only the
unexpired portion of this Crown Warranty.
DESIGN CHANGES
We reserve the right to change the design of any
product from time to time without notice and with
no obligation to make corresponding changes in
products previously manufactured.
LEGAL REMEDIES OF PURCHASER
No action to enforce this Crown Warranty shall be
commenced after expiration of the warranty period.
THIS STATEMENT OF WARRANTY SUPERSEDES
ANY OTHERS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR
CROWN PRODUCTS.
9/07
Operation Manual
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
PRODUCT REGISTRATION
Crown Audio, Inc.
1718 W. Mishawaka Rd.
Elkhart, IN 46517-9439
Phone: 574-294-8000
Fax: 574-294-8329
www.crownaudio.com
Online registration is also available at http://crownweb.crownintl.com/webregistration.
Warranty is only valid within the country in which the product is purchased.
When this form is used to register your product, it may be mailed or faxed.
Crown Audio, Inc.
1718 W Mishawaka Rd
Elkhart IN 46517
Fax: 574-294-8329
CUT ON THIS LINE
Please note that some information is required. Incomplete registrations will not be processed. * Indicates required information.
OWNER’S INFORMATION - PLEASE PRINT
* First name: ______________________ Middle initial: _____ * Last name: ________________________________
Company: _________________________________________________________________________________
* Mailing address: ____________________________________________________________________________
* City: ____________________________* State: ___________________________* Zip Code: ________________
* Country: __________________________ E-mail address: ___________________________________________
* Phone # (include area code): ___________________________ Fax #: __________________________________
PRODUCT INFORMATION
* MODEL
e.g. IT8000, CDi1000, PCC160
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
* SERIAL #
e.g. 8000000000
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
* PURCHASE DATE
mo/day/yr
______ /_____ /_____
______ /_____ /_____
______ /_____ /_____
______ /_____ /_____
Product purchased from: *(Business/Individual) ___________________________ Country: ________________________
Comments: ____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Operation Manual
page 57
I-Tech HD Series Power Amplifiers
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
page 58
Operation Manual
Crown Audio Factory Service Information
Shipping Address: Crown Audio Factory Service, 1718 W. Mishawaka Rd., Elkhart, IN 46517
PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY
SRA #: __________________(If sending product to Crown factory service.)
Model: ____________________________________________
Serial Number: _____________________
Purchase Date: _____________
PRODUCT RETURN INFORMATION
Individual or Business Name: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Phone #: __________________________________________________
Fax #: ________________________________________
E-Mail: _______________________________________________________
Street Address (please, no P.O. Boxes): _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
City: __________________________________________
State/Prov: ________________________________
Postal Code: _________________
Country: _________________________
Nature of problem: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Other equipment in your system: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
If warranty is expired, please provide method of payment. Proof of purchase may be required to validate warranty.
PAYMENT OPTIONS
I have open account payment terms. Purchase order required. PO#: __________________________________
COD
Credit Card (Information below is required; however if you do not want to provide this information at this time, we will contact you when your unit is repaired for the information.)
Credit card information:
Type of credit card:
MasterCard
Type of credit card account:
Personal/Consumer
Visa
American Express
Discover
Business/Corporate
Card # ______________________________________________ Exp. date: _____________ * Card ID #: __________________________
* Card ID # is located on the back of the card following the credit card #, in the signature area. On American Express, it may be located on the front of the card. This number is required to process the charge to your account. If you do not want to provide
it at this time, we will call you to obtain this number when the repair of your unit is complete.
Name on credit card:
____________________________________________________________________________
Billing address of credit card: __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Download PDF