Ericsson | L13 | User`s guide | Ericsson L13 User`s guide

Ericsson L21
Mobile Broadband Router for
Mobile Networks
Ericsson L13
Mobile Broadband Router for Mobile Networks
Administrator Guide
User's Guide
MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Important Safety Information
Note: Read this information before using your Ericsson W37 Mobile Broadband Router for safe use.

Read all instructions before installing and using your Mobile Broadband Router

Keep these instructions for future reference

Follow all warnings and directions
Product Care and Safety
Your Mobile Broadband Router is a highly sophisticated electronic device. To ensure proper use read the following
text about product care, safety and efficient use.
Treat your product with care, keep it in a clean and dust free place
Do not expose the unit to liquid, moisture or humidity
Do not expose the unit to extreme high or low temperatures or install this unit near any heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves or other apparatus that produce heat
Do not expose the unit to open flames or lit tobacco products
Do not drop, throw or try to bend the product since rough treatment could damage it
Do not install or use this product near any water source
Do not operate this product near any medical equipment
Do not attempt to disassemble your mobile broadband router
Unplug this unit during lightening storms or when unused for long periods of time
Radio Wave Exposure Information
The Ericsson W37 MBR is a low-power radio transmitter and receiver. During use, it emits low levels of radio
frequency energy (also known as radio waves or radio frequency fields).
Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) is the unit of measurement for the amount of radio frequency energy absorbed by the
body. The SAR level for this product was determined at the highest certified level in laboratory conditions using a
measurement standard published.
Personal Medical Devices
Radio waves may affect the operation of cardiac pacemakers and other implanted equipment. If a minimum distance
of 6 inches (15 cm) is kept between the antenna and the pacemaker, the risk of interference is limited. If you have any
reason to suspect that interference is taking place, immediately move away from the MBR. Contact your cardiologist
for more information.
For other medical devices, please consult the manufacturer of the device
Intended Use
This product is designed and approved for private and public use in an indoor location
Power Supply
Ensure that your AC power outlet is adequately grounded, is situated near the Ericsson W37 MBR, and easily
accessible
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Trademark List
Firefox®
Firefox is a registered trademark of Mozilla Foundation.
Internet Explorer®
Internet Explorer is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
MSN Messenger®
MSN Messenger is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Opera®
Opera is a registered trademark of Opera Software ASA.
Safari®
Safari is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Windows®
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Contents
1
INTRODUCTION
1.1
Structure of this Guide
2
L13 MOBILE BROADBAND ROUTER OVERVIEW
2.1
Introduction
2.2
Feature Summary
2.2.1
L13 Data Router
2.2.2
L13 Voice support
2.3
Housing
2.3.1
Back Side Ports
2.3.2
Top Panel Interfaces
2.3.3
Front Panel
2.3.3.1 Built-in Ethernet Indicators
3
CONFIGURATION AND MANAGEMENT
3.1
Access and Login to the Web User Interface
3.1.1
Installation Wizard
3.1.1.1 Step 1: Cellular setup
3.1.1.2 Step 2: WiFi Setup
3.1.1.3 Step 3: Internet Connection Setup
3.1.1.4 Step 4:Cellular VoIP Setup
3.1.1.5 Step 5: Installation Completed
3.2
Navigational Aids
3.3
Managing Tables
3.4
Home Tab
3.4.1
Overview
3.4.2
Map View
3.5
Internet Connection Tab
3.5.1
Settings
3.6
Local Network Tab
3.6.1
Settings
3.6.2
WiFi
3.6.2.1 Overview Screen
3.6.2.2 General Wi-Fi Settings
3.6.2.3 MAC Filtering Settings
3.6.2.4 Security Settings
3.6.2.5 Wi-Fi QoS Option
3.6.2.6 Transmission Settings
3.6.3
Shared Storage
3.6.4
Shared Printer
3.7
Services Tab
3.7.1
Firewall
3.7.1.1 Overview
3.7.1.2 Access Control
3.7.1.3 Port Forwarding
3.7.1.4 Gaming
3.7.1.5 DMZ Host
3.7.1.6 Port Triggering
3.7.1.7 Website Restrictions
3.7.1.8 Network Address Translation (NAT)
3.7.1.9 Connections (Firewall)
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.7.1.10
Advanced Filtering
3.7.2
Quality of Service
3.7.2.1 General
3.7.3
Voice Service
3.7.3.1 Extensions
3.7.3.2 External Lines
3.7.3.3 Incoming Call Routing
3.7.3.4 Outgoing Call Routing
3.7.3.5 CDR
3.7.3.6 Class of Service
3.7.3.7 Hunt Groups
3.7.3.8 Advanced Telephony Options
3.7.4
Personal Domain Name (DDNS)
3.7.5
DNS Server
3.7.6
DHCP Server
3.7.6.1 IP Address distribution / DHCP Server Settings
3.7.6.2 IP Address distribution / DHCP Relay Settings
3.7.6.3 DHCP Connections
3.8
System
3.8.1
Overview
3.8.2
Monitor
3.8.2.1 Network
3.8.2.2 System Alarms
3.8.2.3 CPU
3.8.3
Routing
3.8.4
Management
3.8.4.1 Universal Plug and Play
3.8.4.2 UPnP on L13
3.8.4.3 UPnP Configuration
3.8.4.4 Remote Administration
3.8.4.5 TR-069
3.8.5
Date and Time (Administrator Only)
3.8.6
Maintenance
3.8.6.1 Configuration File
3.8.6.2 Reboot
3.8.6.3 Restore Default Factory Settings
3.8.6.4 L13 Firmware Upgrade
3.8.6.5 User Passwords
3.8.6.6 Diagnostics
3.8.6.7 System Debug log
3.9
Advanced
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APPENDIX
1.1
List of Acronyms
2
GLOSSARY
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Description
Author
Date
Version
Initial Version – ITS format
Irena Guy
12/12/2011
0.1
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
1 Introduction
This chapter describes the structure of this guide and provides a list of reference documents. This guide describes the
L13 firmware (???).
1.1 Structure of this Guide
This User’s Guide contains information that is needed for an end-user to configure and manage the Ericsson Mobile
Broadband Router (MBR) L13 product series.
The following chapters are included:
Chapter 1 – “Introduction” – provides information about this guide and a list of reference documents
Chapter 2 – “L13 Overview” gives an overview of the Ericsson L13 product
Chapter 3 – “Configuration and Management” – provides detailed information about how to perform the configuration
and management of the Ericsson L13
Chapter 4 – “Appendix” – lists the acronyms used in this guide
Chapter 5 – “Glossary” – defines the abbreviations and technical terms used in this guide
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
2 L13 Mobile Broadband Router Overview
2.1 Introduction
The L13 Mobile Broadband Router (MBR) product facilitates protected, high-speed Internet access for multiple users
in home or in small business environments. It includes capabilities such as router and switch functionality, as well as
VoIP telephony services (where offered by operators). The L13 provides users with local area connectivity (wired
Ethernet and/or Wireless LAN) while providing high speed broadband data access. The L13 can handle download data
speed up to 50 Mbps and an up-link speed up to 25 Mbps (subject to operator network conditions and capabilities).
With its integrated mini-PBX, the L13 can support up to 5 local extensions (one analog and 4 VoIP extensions), it has a
single VoIP line (where provided by the operator).
Figure 1: L13 Facilitates Access in Multiple Environments
2.2 Feature Summary
2.2.1 L13 Data Router
The L13 model includes a built in data router and firewall. It provides data capabilities such as data access (e.g.
Internet) to multiple computers connected to the terminal using Ethernet or wireless LAN (WLAN). It also supports file
and printer sharing via the USB port.
2.2.2 L13 Voice support
The L13 system supports high quality voice services via VoIP line where supported by the operator. A broad range of
network related services such as CLI (Calling Line Identification), Call Waiting, Call Barring, Call Forwarding, and
Multiparty Conference Calls may be available if supported by the operator.
The MBR system also features a built-in mini-PBX that includes: Up to 4 VoIP extensions and 1 FXS analogue extension;
call routing capabilities; hunt groups and pickup groups; and an online Call Data Record tracker.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
2.3 Housing
Figure 2: L13 – Designed to Sit on a Desk
2.3.1 Back Side Ports
The back side of the L13 includes the following interfaces:
Figure 3: Ericsson L13 Back Side
The interfaces are described in the tables below.
Table 1: Ericsson L13 Back Side Interfaces
1
Interface
Type
Description
Ext Ant
MCX
Optional MCX socket for external antenna connection.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
2
Reset
Push
Button/Switch
A small hole with a button inside. It is used to reset the L13 to its factory
default configuration. Pressing the button for 30 seconds continuously while
the power is on will reset the device to its factory default settings. Pressing the
button for less than 30 seconds will reset the device.
3
Phone
RJ - 11
Phone port for connecting a standard analog phone (FXS).
4
LAN 1-2
2 x RJ-45
Ethernet LAN ports for connecting the unit to PCs or an Ethernet switch/hub.
5
USB
USB – type ‘A’
Usually used for connecting external storage devices and shared printers.
6
12 VDC
DC Jack
Power socket for connecting the provided power supply adapter.
Note: Do not use any other power adapter except the one that accompanies
the unit. Use of other adapter could result in damage to the unit.
2.3.2 Top Panel Interfaces
The top side of the L13 has a SIM card slot.
Figure 4: Ericsson L13 Top Panel
The table below describes the interfaces:
Table 2: L13 Top Panel Interface
Interface
SIM
Type
Description
SIM card slot
SIM card slot for inserting a SIM card.
Note: The L13 must be disconnected from the power mains when inserting or
removing the SIM card.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
2.3.3 Front Panel
The front panel of the L13 includes signal quality indicator LED’s and indicators described in the table below.
Figure 5: L13 Front Panel
The following LED indicators are visible on the front of the Ericsson L13:
Table 3: L13 Front Panel Indicators and LEDs
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Number
1
Indicator
Description
Network Connection status indicator.
Status “Fast Flashing” - attempting to connect
Status “On” - registered at home network
Status “Slow Flashing” - registered at roaming
Status “Off” – not registered
2
Internet Connection status indicator
Status ‘On’: A connection to the Internet has been established.
Status ‘Off’: Internet connection has not been established.
3
Wireless Network status indicator
Status ‘On’: The WiFi is available.
Status ‘Off’: The WiFi LAN is not available.
4
Alarm indicator.
When the Alarm LED is “OFF”, there are no alarms in the system.
A blinking Alarm LED indicates a problem with the device/system. Go to
System>Monitor in the WBM. A description of the problem will be displayed at
the bottom of the screen.
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The signal quality indicator shows the quality of the signal of the mobile
network. The more lights displayed, the stronger the signal.
When the “Network Connection” symbol is unlit and the segment bar displays signal, there is a connection to a
network.
2.3.3.1 Built-in Ethernet Indicators
The L13 Ethernet LAN (Ethernet 1- 2) has two built-in LED indicators each. The left indicator shows the speed of data
traffic between the Ericsson L13 and the connected client. If the speed is 100 Mbps, the indicator is green. When the
indicator is unlit, the speed is 10 Mbps.
The indicator to the right is yellow when a LAN connection is established and flashes to show data traffic activity.
Figure 6: Rear Panel Ethernet LEDs Indicators
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3 Configuration and Management
When the installation of the L13 is complete (as described in the Quick Installation Guide), the internal Web Based
Management User Interface (WBM) is available for configuration and status control. This chapter provides detailed
information about configuration options and management of the L13 using the WBM.
3.1 Access and Login to the Web User Interface
The WBM can be accessed locally from a PC connected via the Ethernet LAN port or via the WiFi interface.
Note: First time setup must be done via an Ethernet LAN port as the WiFi interface in the L13 is secured by default.
When accessing the WBM, the following Web browsers are supported:
Internet Explorer® 5.0 or higher
Safari® 1.3 or higher
Firefox® 1.0 or higher
Opera® 8 or higher
Start a Web browser on a PC connected to the L13 and type or http://192.168.1.1 in the Address (URL) field.
Note: If you change the internal IP address (192.168.1.1) on the L13, you will then need to use the new address to
access the Web pages.
Figure 7: L13 WBM Login Screen
Enter your username and password, and then click OK. The user name is user, and user’s default password is “1234”.
You are logged into the WBM, and your main menu screen appears.
Note: The user name and the password parameters are case sensitive.
Your session automatically times out after a few minutes of inactivity. If you try to operate the WBM after the session
has expired, the Login screen appears and you will have to re-enter your user name and password before proceeding.
This feature helps to prevent unauthorized users from accessing the WBM and changing the gateway's settings.
Note: If your computer is running an operating system that supports UPnP, such as Windows XP, you can easily add
the computer to your home network and access the WBM directly from within Windows.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
The first attempt to enter to the WBM from a computer connected to L13 will display the installation wizard. To setup
your gateway, follow the wizard procedure steps.
3.1.1 Installation Wizard
Once L13 is physically connected, an Installation wizard will be started, and it will automatically analyze your network
environment and configure its components. As explained in the first screen, the installation wizard is a step-by-step
procedure that guides you through establishing an Internet connection, a cellular network connection, setting up the
WiFi and the external VoIP line. The wizard progress box, located at the right hand side of the screen, lists all of the
wizard’s steps and indicates the current step.
Figure 8: First Login Installation Wizard
To start the installation wizard, click Next. The installation process will commence, performing the steps listed in the
progress box consecutively and stopping only if a step fails or if input is required. The following sections describe the
wizard steps along with their success/failure scenarios. If a step fails, use the Retry or Skip buttons to continue.
3.1.1.1 Step 1: Cellular setup
Figure 9: Cellular Setup
This step is configuring your cellular connection. The L13 will register automatically to the network. You may be asked
to enter a 4 digit SIM card PIN code provided by your operator.
Check that the SIM card is installed in the SIM card holder
Enter the PIN code, permit roaming, etc.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
If the PIN code is required, you will be notified during the wizard and redirected to a different screen where you will
have to enter the missing parameters. The screen looks like this:
Figure 10: Entering Missing Parameters
Once you have entered all the required parameters, usually only a PIN code is needed and confirming the action by
clicking “OK”. You will then be redirected back to the wizard.
3.1.1.2 Step 2: WiFi Setup
This step configures your WiFi network. The L13’s default SSID is "MBR_L13". You may of course change this name
according to your preference. Select the WiFi security level and password if required, and the WiFi network key if
required and then click Next.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 11: Installation Wizard Wireless Setup
3.1.1.3 Step 3: Internet Connection Setup
In this step the L13 will connect to the internet automatically.
Figure 12: Internet Connection Setup
Click the “Next” button to continue.
3.1.1.4 Step 4:Cellular VoIP Setup
Your L13 telephony service is based on VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol or Voice over IP). In order to use this feature
of the L13:
1. VoIP service must be offered by your service provider.
2. Your L13 VoIP line must be configured by the service provider and register with the service over the internet
connection.
3. Public/Fixed IP based SIM card may be required by your service provider.
Internal calls between local extensions are always enabled regardless of the availability of VoIP service. You will always
get a dial tone when using an analog phone connected to the phone port of the L13.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 13 cellular VoIP Line Configuration
In order to setup a cellular VoIP line, you need to enter the following parameters, which need to be obtained from
your mobile service provider*:
-SIP Server IP, Authentication User Name and Authentication Password
* Public/Fixed IP based SIM card may be required.
Click the “Next” button to continue, or “Skip” button if you prefer to skip this step.
Figure 14 SIP Server Connectivity Test
The system performs an automatic connectivity test to the SIP server. It is recommended to allow the test complete,
but you can click “Stop” to abort the test and continue with the next step.
3.1.1.5 Step 5: Installation Completed
Figure 15: Installation Completed Screen
This screen provides a summary of all the previous steps and the results. Click Finish to complete the wizard
procedure.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.2 Navigational Aids
The Web-Based Management (WBM) is a Web site that can be explored with any Web browser. This section illustrates
the WBM's page structure and describes its navigational components and their hierarchical relationships.
Figure 16: Navigation Components
1.
The top level navigational aids are the tabs, which group the WBM screens into several main categories.
2.
Each tab has an Items Menu that lists the menu items relevant for the category.
3.
A menu item may have a Links Menu, located at the top-right of the screen. These links further divide the
menu item into different subjects.
4.
A page may have an optional set of sub-tabs, providing a form or another set of tabs. Some featureproperties pages contain sub-tabs.
A link bar appears at the top of every WBM page at all times. This bar provides shortcuts to information and action
controls, including the Site Map, Restart, and Logout.
Figure 17: Link Bar
3.3 Managing Tables
Tables are used throughout the WBM to display and handle user-defined entries relating to elements such as
connection status, local servers, restrictions, and configurable parameters. The principles outlined in this section apply
to all tables in the WBM.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 18: Typical Table Structure
This figure illustrates a typical table. Each row defines an entry in the table. The following buttons, located in the
Action column, are used to perform various actions on the table entries.
Add icon to add a row to the table.
Edit icon to edit a row in the table.
Remove icon to remove a row from the table.
Download icon to download a file from the table.
Copy icon to copy an item to the clipboard.
Move Up icon to move a row one step up in the table.
Move Down icon to move a row one step down in the table.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.4 Home Tab
3.4.1 Overview
The Overview screen presents the status of L13 various modules and parts in one convenient location. You can quickly
and efficiently view and configure your WAN and LAN networks, as well as hardware peripherals, Internet connection,
IP PBX and bandwidth consuming applications, or computers.
Figure 19: Home Tab – Overview
The Home tab is not only informative, but also provides shortcuts to different features and their configurations.
For example, the Local Network link provides you with access to the Device screen under Local Network. This enables
you to view and configure the settings of the L13’s various LAN devices. When a LAN host is connected to a MBR, its
link automatically appears in this screen section. Clicking the link redirects you to the Host Information screen which
enables you to view the host's detailed information and to perform various LAN host management tasks.
Among its information, the Home tab also displays the system's status, which includes the following details:
The Internet connection's type, speed capability, and data transmission mode
System information, including the gateway's serial number, software version and hardware version
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.4.2 Map View
The Network Map screen (Home -> Map View) displays a graphical network map.
Figure 20: The Network Map
The network map depicts the various network elements, such as the Internet connection, firewall, gateway, and local
network computers and peripherals.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Represents the Internet
Represents the gateway's Firewall. Click this icon to configure your security settings.
Represents your gateway
The network map dynamically represents the network objects connected to your system. The system recognizes SIP
and analog phones, computers, and other network devices. These objects are represented by icons, as follows:
Represents a computer (host) connected to the gateway. This host is either a DHCP
client that has received an IP lease from L13, or a host with a static IP address that was
auto-detected by L13. Note that L13 will recognize a physically connected host and
display it in the Network Map only after network activity from that host has been
detected (e.g. trying to browse to the WBM or to surf the Internet). Click this icon to
view network information for the corresponding host.
Represents a host whose DHCP lease has expired and was not renewed. The DHCP
lease is renewed automatically unless the host is no longer physically connected to
MBR. This icon also represents a static IP host that has no network activity.
Represents a telephone connected to your gateway.
Represents a USB flash memory stick (external memory) connected to your gateway.
Represents a cellular line and indicates the strength of the connection.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.5 Internet Connection Tab
3.5.1 Settings
The Internet-Connection Settings screen (Internet Connection-> Settings) provides general information regarding your
WAN Internet connection, including the connection's status, protocol, speed, duration, and Internet address. Refer to
this screen for a quick status reference.
Figure 21: Internet Connection – Settings
The Settings screen provides basic information and configuration options for the Internet connection supported by the
L13.
 To enable or disable the Internet connection:
1.
Select your WAN connection type based on the method by which you are connected to the Internet. The
internet connection can be disabled by choosing “No Internet Connection” for this field.
2.
Press the ‘Apply’ and then the ‘OK’ buttons.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.6 Local Network Tab
3.6.1 Settings
The Local-Network Overview screen presents a summary of the L13 network, including a list of all connected devices:
computers, shared disks and printers. When this screen is opened, L13 begins the process of automatically detecting
the network services available on connected computers (hosts). The screen then refreshes, displaying each computer's
network services.
Figure 22: Network Services Detection
 To view more information on a specific computer:
Click its link. The Host Information screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 23: Host Information
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
This screen presents all of the information relevant to the connected computer, such as connection information,
available services, traffic statistics, and connection list. It also enables you to perform connectivity tests with the
computer. The following sections are included in the screen:
Section
Services
More Info
This section lists the services on the computer that are available to other computers,
either from the LAN, via Web access, or both. Services are accessible only when
enabled on the computer. When a service is accessible from the LAN, you can
activate it by clicking either its name or the URL that appears (see Figure 23). When a
service is accessible via Web access, you can activate it by clicking the Web Access
link that appears. Available services are:
Shared Files - Access the computer's shared files directory.
HTTP - Access the computer's HTTP server (if available).
FTP - Open an FTP session with the computer.
Telnet - Open a Telnet session with the computer.
Remote Desktop - Remotely control a Windows based computer with the Remote Desktop
utility.
VNC – Indicates if Virtual Network Computing is supported by the host.
Add Access Control Rule - Block access to Internet services from the computer, or allow
access if the firewall is set to a "High" security level (for more information, refer to
section 3.7.1.2.)
Add Port Forwarding Rule - Expose services on the computer to external Internet users (for
more information, refer to section 3.7.1.3).
Connection
This section displays various details regarding the computer's connection settings. To
Information
view the connection's properties, click the network connection type (Bridge in the
above example). The relevant properties screen appears. In addition, you can run a
Ping or ARP test by clicking the respective Test Connectivity button. The tests are
performed in the Diagnostics screen (refer to section3.7.1.9).
Statistics
This section displays the computer's traffic statistics, such as the number and size of
transmitted and received packets.
Connection
This section displays the list of connections opened by the computer on the L13
List
firewall. The table displays the computer's source LAN IP address and port, the
gateway's IP address and port to which it is translated, and the destination WAN IP
address and port.
3.6.2 WiFi
The L13 system can be used as a WiFi router, connecting to wireless devices according to the IEEE 82.11b/g/n
standards. The WLAN interface can be enabled or disabled. The preferred WLAN data rate can be configured to be
either B-G-MIXEDMODE, B-G-N-MIXEDMODE, G-MODE-ONLY, B-MODE-ONLY or N-MODE-ONLY. The wireless access
to the L13 may be allowed or denied for specific wireless clients’ MAC addresses.
3.6.2.1 Overview Screen
To see an overview of the WiFi settings, navigate to Local Network  Wi-Fi.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 24: Wi-Fi Overview
3.6.2.2 General Wi-Fi Settings
The general Wi-Fi settings appear at the top of the Wi-Fi screen.
Figure 25: WiFi Overview - General Section
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Configure the fields as follows:
Parameter
Enable WiFi
WiFi Network (SSID)
More Info
Check or uncheck this box to enable or disable the WiFi connection
The L13 supports a single SSID. The system arrives with a default
preconfigured SSID that may be manually changed in this field.
Note: The SSID is case sensitive.
SSID Broadcast
By default, the SSID is broadcast so that all wireless client devices within
range of it can detect it. You can choose to hide the SSID. If you do so, only
client devices that know the SSID will be able to connect to L13, and the SSID
will have to be entered manually on each device in order for it to connect.
Clear this option to turn off broadcasting of the SSID.
802.11 Mode
Select the type of connection. Choose from B-G-MODE, G-MODE-ONLY, B-GN-MODE, G-N-MODE, N-MODE-ONLY
Channel
A specific wireless channel, over which the system will operate, can be
chosen. It may also be set up automatically.
Channel Width Mode
This option appears on platforms supporting 802.11n only. At this point
make sure you always work in "20 MHz only".
Network Authentication
MAC Filtering Mode
Only the 'Open System Authentication' option is available in this version.
To enable MAC address filtering, select either “Allow” or “Deny”.
If you select “Allow,” only devices whose MAC addresses appear in the MAC
Filtering Table (defined in the next section) are allowed to connect to the
Wi-Fi network. If you select “Deny,” devices whose MAC addresses appear in
the MAC Filtering Table are not allowed to connect to the Wi-Fi network (all
other devices are allowed to connect).
3.6.2.3 MAC Filtering Settings
The MAC Filtering Table contains a list of MAC addresses for filtering. The filtering rule is defined above, under “MAC
Filtering Mode”.
Figure 26: MAC Filtering Table
 To define filtering for a MAC address:
1.
Click 'New MAC Address'. The 'MAC Filtering Settings' screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 27: MAC Filtering Settings
2.
Enter the MAC address to be filtered and click the 'OK' button. The MAC address is added to the list.
Figure 28: MAC Filtering Table
3.6.2.4 Security Settings
The Wi-Fi security settings are defined under Security.
Figure 29: Security Section
 To configure the security settings:
1.
Select the security type for the connection: None, Authentication Only, or Password Protected (WEP,
WPA, WPA2, or WPA and WPA2 combined).
2.
If you selected WEP, define one or more encryption keys as follows:
Parameter
Active
Encryption Key
Entry Method
Key Length
3.
More Info
Select the key you want to use at this time.
Enter your encryption key.
Note: The pre-shared key is case-sensitive
Choose whether the encryption key you specified is an ASCII or
Hex value.
Select the desired key length (40 or 104 bits).
If you selected WPA, WPA2, or WPA and WPA2, configure the other parameters as follows:
Parameter
Authentication Method
Pre-Shared Key
More Info
Select “Pre-Shared Key”.
Enter your encryption key. You can use either an ASCII or a Hex
value by selecting the value type in the drop-down menu
provided.
Note: The pre-shared key is case-sensitive
Encryption Algorithm
Select either Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) or
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES).
Note: TKIP can be used in mixed 802.11g/n or 802.11b/g/n
modes.
Group Key Update Interval
Defines the time interval in seconds for updating a group key.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.6.2.5 Wi-Fi QoS Option
The Wi-Fi QoS setting are defined under WiFi QoS.
Figure 30: Security Section
If required, enable WiFi QoS by selecting the checkbox next to “Enabled”.
3.6.2.6 Transmission Settings
The transmission settings appear in the bottom section of the Wi-Fi screen.
Figure 31: Transmission Properties Section
Configure the transmission properties as follows:
Parameter
Transmission Rate
Transmit Power
CTS Protection Mode
CTS Protection Type
Frame Burst
More Info
The transmission rate is set according to the speed of your WiFi connection.
Select the transmission rate from the drop-down menu, or select 'Auto' to
have L13 automatically use the fastest possible data transmission rates (the
only option when using 802.11ng). Note that if your wireless connection is
weak or unstable, it is best to select a low transmission rate.
The percentage of maximum transmission power.
CTS Protection Mode boosts your gateway's ability to intercept 802.11g and
802.11b transmissions. Conversely, CTS Protection Mode decreases
performance. Leave this feature disabled unless you encounter severe
communication difficulties between the gateway and 802.11g products. If
enabling, select "Always". Select "Auto" to have L13 decide automatically
whether or not to use this feature.
Select the type of CTS protection—CTS-only or RTS-CTS.
This feature (also known as packet bursting) increases the speed of a 802.11gbased wireless network by unwrapping short packets and rebundling them
into a larger one.
Frame Burst – Max Number - At any given time, only one wireless client can
communicate with the access point. Therefore, clients, competing for air
time, transmit data in frame bursts. Use this field to determine the maximum
number of frames that L13 will allow clients to transmit in a single frame
burst.
Frame Burst – Burst Time - The maximum length of a frame burst. Limit the
time of a frame burst to avoid large frames from taking communication
precedence.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Beacon Interval
DTIM Interval
Fragmentation
Threshold
RTS Threshold
A beacon is a packet broadcast by L13 to synchronize the wireless network.
The Beacon Interval value indicates how often the beacon is sent
The Delivery Traffic Indication Message (DTIM) is a countdown value that
informs wireless clients of the next opportunity to receive multicast and
broadcast messages. This value ranges between 1 and 16384.
Packets that are larger than this threshold are fragmented into multiple
packets. Try to increase the fragmentation threshold if you encounter high
packet error rates. Do not set the threshold too low, as this can result in
reduced networking performance.
L13 sends Request to Send (RTS) packets to the wireless client in order to
negotiate the dispatching of data. The wireless client responds with a Clear to
Send (CTS) packet, signaling that transmission can commence. If the number
of packets is less than the preset threshold, then the RTC/CTS mechanism will
not be active. If you encounter inconsistent data flow, try a minor reduction
of the RTS threshold size.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.6.3 Shared Storage
You can connect an external storage to your L13 and share this storage with all the devices on your home network
(LAN and WLAN). The external storage can be connected via the USB port. Once the external storage is connected, it
appears on the home screen. The Shared Storage overview screen can be accessed via its link on the home page or via
Local Network  Shared Storage. In the management screen, you can see more information about the disk and also
check or format each of the disk partitions.
Figure 32: Shared Storage overview
Parameter
Enabled
Automatically Create
More Info
Select this option to enable the shared storage option, or clear it to
disable it.
Select if the system storage area should be created automatically.
System Storage Area
3.6.4 Shared Printer
With your L13, you can print documents and pictures from any computer in your local network. When connecting a
printer to the L13 USB port, it appears in the Home  Overview screen with a status “Connected”.
Note: When disconnecting the printer from L13, it remains in the list with status “disconnected”.
Make sure that the printer is recognized on the computer connected to the LAN before printing (use the printer
network path for that), and that the printer’s driver is installed on the computer from which you wish to send the
printing job.
 To connect a printer:
1.
Connect the printer to the L13 USB port. It will automatically appear in the overview screen.
Figure 33: Shared Printer
2.
3.
4.
On every computer connected to your LAN or WLAN, click on the “Start” button and type “\\mbr” in the run
field.
A Windows Explorer window will open and the printer will appear in it.
Double click on the printer icon. An installation window will appear.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
5.
6.
If the driver is not found, you will be notified asked to point on the location of the driver. Once you install the
driver, you will have to repeat step number 4. For more information about installing a printer driver, refer to
the documentation of the operating system.
Now the printer screen will be opened. This means the driver is installed properly and the computer is
connected to the printer. You can now use the printer to print from the computer.
To monitor all the printing jobs, go to Local Network  Shared Printer. Click on the printer name. The following
screen will appear. From here, you can monitor all the printer jobs online.
Figure 34: Online Print Jobs
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.7 Services Tab
The Services Overview screen (see Figure 35) presents a summary of L13 services and the current status
(enabled/disabled). These services are configurable via their respective tabs under the Services main tab.
Figure 35: Services Overview
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.7.1 Firewall
The L13 gateway security suite includes security services: State-full Packet Inspection Firewall, user-authentication
protocols, and password protection mechanisms. These features together allow users to connect their computers to
the Internet and simultaneously be protected from the security threats of the Internet. The firewall, the cornerstone
of your gateway's security suite, has been tailored to the needs of the residential/office user and has been preconfigured to secure your LAN.
Figure 36: L13 Firewall in Action
L13 secures the use of interactive applications, such as Internet gaming and video-conferencing.
Additional features, including Web site restrictions and access control, can also be configured locally by the user
through the L13 WBM or remotely by a service provider. The L13 firewall supports advanced filtering, which is
designed to allow control over the firewall's behavior. You can define specific input and output rules, control the order
of logically similar sets of rules and make a distinction between rules that apply to WAN and LAN network devices.
The Firewall service includes the following management screens:
An Overview screen allowing you to choose the security level for the firewall (refer to section 3.7.1.1).
An Access Control screen that can be used to restrict access from the home network to the Internet (refer to
section 3.7.1.2).
A Port Forwarding screen that can be used to enable access from the Internet to specified services provided by
computers in the home network and special Internet applications (refer to section 3.7.1.3).
A Gaming screen that can be used to earmark one computer on the local network for gaming (refer to section ‎3.7.1.4).
A DMZ Host screen that allows you to configure a LAN host to receive all traffic arriving at your gateway that does not
belong to a known session (refer to section 3.7.1.5).
A Port triggering screen that allows you to define port triggering entries and dynamically open the firewall for some
protocols or ports (refer to section 3.7.1.6).
A Website Restrictions screen that allows you to block LAN access to a certain host or Web site on the Internet (refer
to section 3.7.1.7).
The NAT screen allows you to manually control the translation of network addresses and ports (refer to
section 3.7.1.8).
The Connections screen allows you to view all the connections that are currently open (refer to section 3.7.1.9).
The Advanced Filtering screen allows you to implicitly control the firewall setting and rules (refer to section 3.7.1.10).
3.7.1.1 Overview
The firewall regulates the flow of data between the local network and the Internet. Both incoming and outgoing data
are inspected and then either accepted (allowed to pass through the L13) or rejected (barred from passing through
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
the L13) according to a flexible and configurable set of rules. These rules are designed to prevent unwanted intrusions
from the outside while allowing home users access to the Internet services that they require.
The firewall rules specify what types of services available on the Internet may be accessed from the local network and
what types of services available in the local network may be accessed from the Internet. Each request for a service
that the firewall receives, whether originating in the Internet or from a computer in the home network, is checked
against the set of firewall rules to determine whether the request should be allowed to pass through the firewall. If
the request is permitted to pass, then all subsequent data associated with this request (a "session") will also be
allowed to pass, regardless of its direction.
For example, when you point your Web browser to a Web page on the Internet, a request is sent out to the Internet
for this page. When the request reaches the L13, the firewall will identify the request type and origin—HTTP and a
specific PC in your home network in this case. Unless you have configured access control to block requests of this type
from this specific computer, the firewall will allow the request to pass onto the Internet. When the Web page is
returned from the Web server, the firewall will associate it with this session and allow it to pass, regardless of whether
HTTP access from the Internet to the home network is blocked or permitted. The important issue to note here is that
it is the origin of the request, not subsequent responses to this request, that determines whether a session can be
established or not.
These services include Telnet, FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, DNS, IMAP, POP3 and SMTP. The list of allowed services at Maximum
Security mode can be edited in the Access Control page. Note: Some applications (such as some Internet messengers
and Peer-To-Peer client applications) tend to use these ports if they cannot connect with their own default ports.
When opening those ports, these applications will not be blocked outbound, even at Maximum Security Level.
 To configure L13 basic security settings:
1. Navigate to Services Firewall (or Home Firewall).
Figure 37: Firewall - General
2. Choose between the three predefined security levels described in the table above.
3. Select Block IP Fragments to protect the local network from a common type of hacker attack that could make
use of fragmented data packets to sabotage your home network. Note that VPN over IPSec and some UDP-
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
based services make legitimate use of IP fragments. You should be careful not to block IP fragments from the
local network if you want to make use of these select services.
4. Click OK to save the settings.
Note: Using the Minimum Security setting may expose the home network to significant security risks, and therefore
should only be used when necessary and only for short periods of time.
3.7.1.2 Access Control
You may want to block specific computers within the local network (or even the whole network) from accessing
certain services on the Internet. For example, you may want to prohibit one computer from surfing the Web, another
computer from transferring files using FTP, and the whole network from receiving incoming e-mail. Access Control
defines restrictions on the types of requests that may pass from the local network out to the Internet, and thus may
block traffic flowing in both directions. It can also be used to allow specific services when maximum security is
configured. In the e-mail example given above, you may prevent computers in the local network from receiving e-mail
by blocking their outgoing requests to POP3 servers on the Internet. There are numerous services you may want to
consider blocking, such as popular games and file sharing servers.
Note: When Web Filtering is enabled, HTTP services cannot be blocked by Access Control.
 To allow or restrict services:
1. In the Firewall menu, click the Access Control link. The Access Control screen appears.
Figure 38: Firewall - Access Control
2. Click the New Entry link. The Add Access Control Rule screen appears.
Figure 39: Add Access Control Rule
3. Under Address, select the computer or group of computers on which you would like to apply the accesscontrol rule. Select an address or a name from the list, or any to apply the rule on all the hosts that are
connected to L13 local network.
4. Under Protocol, select the type of protocol to use.
To expand the list of available protocols, select Show All Services.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Note: When Web Filtering is enabled, HTTP services cannot be blocked.
5. To display the following message to the client: “Access Denied – this computer is not allowed to surf the
WAN. Please contact your admin,” select Reply an HTML page to the blocked client. When this option is
cleared, the client's packets are simply ignored and no notification is issued.
6. Under Schedule, select a schedule rule that defines the time period during which the access-control rule is to
be applied.
7. Click OK. The Access Control screen displays a list of all the rules that are currently defined, including the rule
you added.
Figure 40: Firewall - Access Control Rules
Once an access-control rule has been defined, you can edit it as necessary.
 To modify an access-control rule:
1. In the Access Control screen, click the
action icon of the rule. The Edit Access Control Rule screen
appears (see Figure 41: Edit Access Control Rule).
Figure 41: Edit Access Control Rule
2. Edit the parameters as necessary.
3. Click the OK button to save your changes and return to the Access Control screen.
You can disable an access control rule in order to make a service available without having to remove the rule from the
Access Control screen. This may be useful if you wish to make the service available only temporarily and expect that
you will want to reinstate the restriction in the future.
 To temporarily disable a rule:
Clear the check box next to the service name.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
 To reinstate a rule at a later time
Reselect the check box.
 To remove a rule:
Click the
action icon for the service. The service will be permanently removed.
3.7.1.3 Port Forwarding
In its default state, the L13 blocks all external users from connecting to or communicating with your network.
Therefore the system is safe from hackers who may try to intrude on the network and damage it. However, you may
want to expose your network to the Internet in certain limited and controlled ways in order to enable some
applications to work from the LAN (game, voice and chat applications, for example) and to enable Internet-access to
servers in the local network. The Port Forwarding feature supports both of these functionalities. If you are familiar
with networking terminology and concepts, you may have encountered this topic referred to as "Local Servers".
The Port Forwarding screen enables you to define the applications that require special handling by the L13. All you
have to do is select the application's protocol and the local IP address or name of the computer that will be using or
providing the service. If required, you may add new protocols in addition to the most common ones provided by L13.
For example, if you wanted to use a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) application on one of your PCs, you would simply
select FTP from the list and enter the local IP address or host name of the designated computer. All FTP-related data
arriving at the L13 from the Internet will henceforth be forwarded to the specified computer.
Similarly, you can grant Internet users access to servers inside your local network, by identifying each service and the
PC that will provide it. This is useful, for example, if you want to host a Web server inside your local network. When an
Internet user points his/her browser to the L13 external IP address, the gateway will forward the incoming HTTP
request to your Web server.
However, there is a limitation that must be considered. With one external IP address (the L13 main IP address),
different applications can be assigned to your LAN computers, however each type of application is limited to use one
computer. For example, you can define that FTP will use address X to reach computer A and Telnet will also use
address X to reach computer A, but attempting to define FTP to use address X to reach both computers A and B will
fail. L13 therefore provides the ability to add additional public IP addresses to port forwarding rules, which you must
first obtain from your ISP and enter into the NAT IP Addresses Pool (refer to Section 3.7.1.8). You will then be able to
define FTP to use address X to reach computer A and address Y to reach computer B.
Additionally, port forwarding enables you to redirect traffic to a different port instead of the one to which it was
designated. For example, you have a Web server running on your PC on port 8080 and you want to grant access to this
server to anyone who accesses L13 via HTTP. To accomplish this, you will have to define a port forwarding rule for the
HTTP service, with the PC's IP or host name, as well as specify 8080 in the Forward to Port field. All incoming HTTP
traffic will now be forwarded to the PC running the Web server on port 8080.
When setting a port forwarding service, you must ensure that the port is not already in use by another application,
which may stop functioning. A common example is when using SIP signaling in Voice over IP—the port used by the
gateway's VoIP application (5060) is the same port on which port forwarding is set for LAN SIP agents.
 To add a new port forwarding service:
1. In the WBM, select the Firewall menu item under the Services tab, and click the Port Forwarding link. The
Port Forwarding screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 42: Port Forwarding
2. Click the New Entry link. The Add Port Forwarding Rule screen appears.
Figure 43: Add Port Forwarding Rule
3. Select the Specify Public IP Address check box if you would like to apply this rule on the L13 non-default IP
address defined in the NAT screen (refer to Section 3.7.1.8.1). The screen refreshes.
Figure 44: Specify Public IP Address
4.
Enter the additional external IP address in the Public IP Address field.
5. The Local Host drop-down menu lists your available LAN computers. Select a computer that will provide the
service (the "server"). Note that unless an additional external IP address has been added, only one LAN
computer can be assigned to provide a specific service or application.
6.
The Protocol drop-down menu lets you select or specify the type of protocol that will be used. Selecting the
Show All Services option expands the list of available protocols. Select a protocol.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
4. By default, the L13 will forward traffic to the same port as the incoming port. If you wish to redirect traffic to
a different port, select the Specify option in the Forward to Port drop-down menu. The screen refreshes, and
an additional field appears, enabling you to enter the port number.
Figure 45: Forward to a Specific Port
8.
By default, the rule will always be active. However, you can configure scheduler rules by selecting User
Defined, in order to define time segments during which the rule may be active. Once a scheduler rule(s) is
defined, the Schedule drop-down menu will allow you to choose between the available rules.
9.
Click the OK button to save your changes. The Port Forwarding screen displays a summary of the rule that
you have just added.
You can edit a port-forwarding rule as necessary.
 To edit a port-forwarding rule:
Click its entry under the Local Host column in the Port Forwarding screen.
You can disable a rule in order to make a service unavailable without having to remove the rule from the Port
Forwarding screen. This may be useful if you wish to make the service unavailable only temporarily with plans to
reinstate it in the future.
 To temporarily disable a rule:
Clear the check box next to the service name.
To reinstate it at a later time, simply reselect the check box.
 To remove a rule:
Click the action
icon for the service. The service will be permanently removed.
3.7.1.4 Gaming
Most games and gaming consoles only require UPnP (Universal Plug-n-Play) to be turned on. L13 is preconfigured with
UPnP “ON”, as the default. Some games or other applications also require port forwarding in order for them to be able
to access internet services. Most use the common gaming ports.
The Gaming feature allows you to select one computer on the local network for gaming activities. Port forwarding on
this computer will automatically be set up on this computer for the common gaming ports.
 To designate a computer for gaming:
1.
In the WBM, select the Firewall menu item under the Services tab, and click the Gaming link. The
Gaming screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 46: Gaming
2.
3.
Select the Gaming Mode Enabled checkbox.
Under Game Host IP Address, enter the IP address of the gaming computer. The port forwarding settings
of the gaming computer are displayed under Gaming Profile.
4.
Click OK. The settings are saved.
3.7.1.5 DMZ Host
The DMZ (Demilitarized) Host feature allows one of the local computers to be exposed to the Internet. Designate a
DMZ host when:
 You wish to use a special-purpose Internet service, such as a video-conferencing program, that is not present in
the Port Forwarding list and for which no port range information is available.
 You are not concerned with security and wish to expose one computer to all services without restrictions.
Warning: A DMZ host is not protected by the firewall and may be vulnerable to attack. Designating a DMZ host may
also put other computers in the local network at risk. When designating a DMZ host, you must consider the security
implications and protect it if necessary.
An incoming request for access to a service in the local network, such as a Web server, is fielded by the L13. The L13
will forward this request to the DMZ host (if one is designated) unless the service is being provided by another PC in
the local network (assigned in Port Forwarding), in which case that PC will receive the request instead.
 To designate a local computer as a DMZ Host:
1. Click DMZ Host under the Firewall menu. The DMZ Host screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 47: DMZ Host
2. Enter the local IP address of the computer that you would like to designate as a DMZ host and select the
check box. Note that only one LAN computer may be a DMZ host at any time.
3. Click OK to save the settings.
You can disable the DMZ host so that it will not be fully exposed to the Internet, but keep its IP address recorded on
the DMZ Host screen. This may be useful if you wish to disable the DMZ host but expect that you will want to enable it
again in the future.
 To disable the DMZ host so that it will not be fully exposed to the Internet:
Clear the check box next to the DMZ IP designation, and click OK. To reinstate it at a later time, simply reselect the
check box.
3.7.1.6 Port Triggering
Port triggering can be used for dynamic port forwarding configuration. By setting port triggering rules, you can allow
inbound traffic to arrive at a specific LAN host using ports different than those used for the outbound traffic. This is
called port triggering since the outbound traffic triggers to which ports inbound traffic is directed.
For example, consider a gaming server that is accessed using UDP protocol on port 2222. The gaming server responds
by connecting the user using UDP on port 3333 when starting gaming sessions. In such a case you must use port
triggering, since this scenario conflicts with the following default firewall settings:


The firewall blocks inbound traffic by default.
The server replies to L13 IP, and the connection is not sent back to your host, since it is not part of a session.
In order to solve this you need to define a Port Triggering entry, which allows inbound traffic on UDP port 3333 only
after a LAN host generated traffic to UDP port 2222. This will result in accepting the inbound traffic from the gaming
server and sending it back to the LAN Host which originated the outgoing traffic to UDP port 2222. Select the 'Port
Triggering tab in the Security management screen. The Port Triggering screen will appear (see Figure 48: Port
Triggering). This screen will list all of the port triggering entries.
Figure 48: Port Triggering
 To add an entry for the gaming example above:
1.
Select the User Defined option in the Protocol column to add an entry. The Edit Port Triggering Rule screen
will appear.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 49: Edit Port Triggering Rule
2.
3.
Enter a name for the service (e.g. "game_server")
Click the New Trigger Ports link. The Edit Service Server Ports screen will appear.
Figure 50: Edit Service Server Ports
4.
5.
6.
7.
In the Protocol combo-box, select UDP. The screen will refresh, providing source and destination port
options.
Leave the Source Ports combo-box at its default "Any".
In the Destination Ports combo-box, select "Single".
The screen will refresh again, providing an additional field in which you should enter "2222" as the
destination port.
Figure 51: Edit Service Server Ports
8.
9.
Click OK to save the settings.
Back in the Edit in Outgoing Trigger Ports table new added entry screen; click the New Opened Ports link. The
Edit Service Opened Ports screen will appear.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 52: Edit Service Opened Ports
10. Similar to the trigger ports screen, select UDP as the protocol, leave the source port at "Any", and enter a
3333 as the single destination port.
Figure 53: Edit Service Opened Ports
11. Click OK to save the settings.
You can disable a port triggering rule without having to remove it from the Port Triggering screen. To temporarily
disable a rule, clear the check box next to the service name. To reinstate it at a later time, simply reselect the check
box. To remove a rule, click the
action icon for the service. The service will be permanently removed.
Note: There may be a few default port triggering rules listed when you first access the port triggering screen. Please
note that disabling these rules may result in non-existent gateway functionality.
3.7.1.7 Website Restrictions
You may configure the L13 to block specific Internet Web sites so that they cannot be accessed from computers in the
local network. Furthermore, restrictions can be applied to a comprehensive and automatically-updated table of sites
to which access is not recommended.
 To block access to a Website:
1.
Click the Website Restrictions link of the Firewall menu item under the Services tab.
Figure 54: Website Restrictions
2.
Click the New Entry link. The Restricted Website screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 55: Restricted Website
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Enter the URL that you would like to make inaccessible from your local network (all Web pages within this
URL will also be blocked). If the URL has multiple IP addresses, the L13 will resolve all additional addresses
and automatically add them to the restrictions table.
The Local Host drop-down menu provides you the ability to specify the computer or group of computers on
which you would like to apply the Web site restriction. Select an address or a name from the list to apply the
rule on the corresponding host, or any to apply the rule on all L13 LAN hosts.
By default, the rule will always be active. However, you can configure scheduler rules by selecting User
Defined in order to define time segments during which the rule may be active. Once a scheduler rule(s) is
defined, the Schedule drop-down menu will allow you to choose between the available rules.
Click OK to save the settings. You will be returned to the previous screen while the L13 attempts to find the
site.
Resolving... will appear in the Status column while the site is being located (the URL is resolved into one or
more IP addresses).
Figure 56: Resolving
8.
Click the Refresh button to update the status if necessary. If the site is successfully located then Active will
appear in the status bar.
Figure 57: Active Status
Note: If the site wasn’t successfully located, Hostname Resolution Failed will appear. When the L13 fails to locate
the Website, do the following:
Use a Web browser to verify that the Website is available. If it is, then you probably entered the Website address
incorrectly. If the Website is not available, then return to the Website Restrictions screen at a later time and click
the Resolve Now button to verify that the Website can be found and blocked by MBR.
You may edit the Website restriction by modifying its entry under the Local Host column in the Website Restrictions
screen.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
 To modify a rule:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Click the
action icon for the restriction. The Restricted Website screen appears (see Figure
54: Website Restrictions).
Modify the Website address, group or schedule as necessary.
Click the OK button to save your changes and return to the Website Restrictions screen.
To ensure that all current IP addresses corresponding to the restricted Websites are blocked, click the
Resolve Now button. The L13 will check each of the restricted Website addresses and ensure that all IP
addresses at which this Website can be found are included in the IP addresses column.
You can disable a restriction in order to make a Website available again without having to remove it from the
Website Restrictions screen. This may be useful if you wish to make the Website available only temporarily and
plan to block it again in the future.
 To modify an entry:
1.
2.
Clear the check box next to the service name.
To reinstate it at a later time, simply reselect the check box.
 To modify an rule:
Click the
action icon for the service. The service will be permanently removed.
3.7.1.8 Network Address Translation (NAT)
The L13 features a configurable Network Address Translation (NAT) and Network Address Port Translation (NAPT)
mechanism, allowing you to control the network addresses and ports of packets routed through your gateway. When
enabling multiple computers on your network to access the Internet using a fixed number of public IP addresses, you
can statically define which LAN IP address will be translated to which NAT IP address and/or ports.
By default, the L13 operates in NAPT routing mode (refer to Section 3.7.1.8.1). However, you can control your network
translation by defining static NAT/NAPT rules. Such rules map LAN computers to NAT IP addresses. The NAT/NAPT
mechanism is useful for managing Internet usage in your LAN and for complying with various application demands. For
example, you can assign your primary LAN computer with a single NAT IP address, in order to assure its permanent
connection to the Internet. Another example is when an application server with which you wish to connect, such as a
security server, requires that packets have a specific IP address – you can define a NAT rule for that address.
 To Configure the Network Address Translation:
1.
Click the NAT link of the Firewall menu item under the Services tab. The NAT screen appears.
Figure 58: Network Address Translation
2.
Before configuring NAT/NAPT rules, you must first enter the additional public IP addresses obtained from
your ISP as your NAT IP addresses in the NAT IP Addresses Pool section. The primary IP address used by the
WAN device for dynamic NAPT should not be added to this table.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
3.
To add a NAT IP address, click the New IP Address link. The Edit Item screen appears.
Figure 59: Edit Item
4.
5.
Select from IP address, IP Subnet, IP Range or the DHCP option in the Network Object Type drop-down
menu. Enter the information respectively and click OK to save the settings.
To add a new NAT/NAPT rule, click the New Entry link in the NAT/NAPT Rule Sets section of the NAT screen.
The Add NAT/NAPT Rule screen appears.
Figure 60: Add NAT/NAPT Rule
This screen is divided into two main sections: Matching and Operation. The Matching section defines the
LAN addresses to be translated to the external addresses which are defined in the Operation section.
6.
Matching Use this section to define characteristics of the packets matching the rule.
Source Address The source address of packets sent or received by the L13. The drop-down menu provides
you the ability to specify the computer or group of computers on which you would like to apply the rule.
Select an address or a name from the list to apply the rule on the corresponding host, or Any to apply the
rule on all L13 LAN hosts.
Destination Address The destination address of packets sent or received by MBR. This address can be
configured in the same manner as the source address. This entry enables further filtration of the packets.
Protocol You may also specify a traffic protocol. Selecting the Show All Services option from the drop-down
menu expands the list of available protocols. Select a protocol.
7.
Operation - Use this section to define the operation that will be applied on the IP addresses matching the
criteria defined above. The operations available are NAT or NAPT. Selecting each from the drop-down menu
refreshes the screen accordingly.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 61: Add NAT Rule
NAT Addresses The NAT address into which the original IP address will be translated. The drop-down menu
displays all of your available NAT addresses/ranges from which you can select an entry.
Figure 62: Add NAPT Rule
NAPT Address The NAPT address into which the original IP address will be translated. The drop-down menu
displays all of your available NAPT addresses/ranges from which you can select an entry. Note, however, that
in this case the network object may only be an IP address since NAPT is port-specific.
NAPT Ports Specify the port(s) of the IP address to which the original IP address will be translated. Enter a
single port or select Range in the drop-down menu. The screen refreshes, enabling you to enter a range of
ports.
Figure 63: Add NAPT Rule
8.
Logging section allows you to monitor the rule.
Log Packets Matched by This Rule Select this check box to log the first packet from a connection that was
matched by this rule.
9.
Schedule By default, the rule will always be active. However, you can configure scheduler rules by selecting
User Defined, in order to define time segments during which the rule may be active. Once a scheduler rule(s)
is defined, the Schedule drop-down menu will allow you to choose between the available rules.
3.7.1.8.1 Using NAT/NAPT
This section demonstrates the NAT/NAPT usage and capabilities by creating several rules and observing their
implementation.
 To Add NAT/NAPT IP Addresses
In the following examples, LAN IP addresses are marked 192.168.1.X, while NAT addresses are marked
192.168.71.X. Assuming your obtained public IP addresses are 192.168.71.12 through 192.168.71.20, add them as
NAT IP addresses to the WAN Ethernet settings, as follows:
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
1.
2.
3.
Click the NAT link of the Firewall menu item under the Services tab. The NAT screen appears.
Click the New IP Address link in the NAT IP Addresses Pool section. The Edit Item screen appears (see Figure
64: Edit Item).
Select the IP address option and enter 192.168.71.12.
Figure 64: Edit Item
4.
5.
6.
Click OK to save the settings.
Click the New IP Address link again to add an additional Public IP to NAT IP Addresses Pool. This sequence is
for demonstration purposes; you may enter your public IP addresses in the method that suits you.
Select the IP range option and enter 192.168.71.13 through 192.168.71.20.
Figure 65: Edit Item
7.
Click OK to save the settings. The new IP addresses are displayed in the NAT IP Addresses Pool section.
Figure 66: NAT IP Addresses
8.
Click OK to save the settings.
You can now add NAT/NAPT rules based on these IP addresses.
 To add a NAT/NAPT rule:
1. Click the New Entry link in the NAT/NAPT Rule Sets section. The Add NAT/NAPT Rule screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 67: Add NAT/NAPT Rule
2.
Follow the example to create the required NAT/NAPT rules.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Example 1: Translate the address 192.168.1.10 to 192.168.71.12
In this example, we assume that LAN addresses (192.168.1.X) are not yet connected. Therefore, they do not
appear as drop-down menu options, and network objects must be created in order to represent them.
1. Select User Defined in the Source Address drop-down menu. The Edit Network Object screen appears.
Figure 68: Edit Network Object
2. Click New Entry. The Edit Item screen appears.
Figure 69: Edit Item
3. In the Network Object Type drop-down menu, select IP Address, and then enter 192.168.1.10.
4. Click OK to save the settings.
5. Click OK once more in the Edit Network Object screen.
6. Back in the Add NAT/NAPT Rule screen, in the NAT Addresses drop-down menu, select the 192.168.71.12
option. The screen refreshes, adding this address as a NAT IP address.
7. Click OK to save the settings. The NAT rule is displayed in the NAT screen.
Figure 70: NAT/NAPT Rule Sets
This rule translates one LAN IP address to one NAT IP address which means that this LAN computer will have
WAN access at all times. The status is therefore set to "Active".
Example 2: Translate the range 192.168.1.11-192.168.1.15 to 192.168.71.12-192.168.71.15
Define this NAT rule in the same manner depicted above with the exception of selecting IP Range (instead of
IP Address) as the network object type. Since neither range is predefined (and therefore not found in the
drop-down menu options), network objects must be created in order to represent them. This is done with the
User Defined option. The rule is displayed in the NAT screen.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 71: NAT/NAPT Rule Sets
This rule translates five new LAN IP addresses to four NAT IP addresses, which would normally mean that only
four of the five LAN computers may have WAN access at the same time. However, note that the NAT address
192.168.71.12 is already in use by the first rule. The L13 will therefore allow these five LAN computers to use
only the three remaining IP addresses: 71.13, 71.14 and 71.15. The status is set to "Active".
Example 3: Translate the range 192.168.1.21-192.168.1.25 to 192.168.71.13-192.168.71.14
1. Define this NAT rule in the same manner depicted above. The following attention message is displayed.
Figure 72: Attention
2. Click OK. The rule is displayed in the NAT screen.
Figure 73: NAT/NAPT Rule Sets
This rule translates five new LAN IP addresses to two NAT IP addresses, both of which are already in use by
the second rule. L13 is therefore unable to resolve this situation and the rule's status is set to "Error". Notice
that had this rule been defined as the second rule, all three rules would be valid. This is because the NAT
address 192.168.71.15 would still be available for rule number 1. This can easily be amended: You can use the
green arrow icons to move a rule entry up or down, changing its priority relative to the other rules. Click this
rule's
action icon once. All rules will now be set to "Active".
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 74 NAT/NAPT Rule Sets
Note: Rule number 1 now maps five LAN addresses to one NAT address. L13 subtracts all previously used NAT
addresses, requested by previous rules, from the requested NAT addresses of the current rule. The requested
range of addresses does not determine how many will be available; the number of available addresses is
determined by the previous rules configuration and order. Rules will appear as "Active" even if they only have
one usable NAT address.
Example 4: Translate the address 192.168.1.5 to 192.168.71.16 to ports 1024-1050
1. Define this NAPT rule in the same manner depicted above, with the following exception:
Select the NAPT option in the Operation section drop-down menu. The screen refreshes.
Figure 75: Add NAPT Rule
2. Add a NAPT address by selecting the User Defined option.
3. Enter 1024-1050 as the range of ports in the NAPT Ports section.
4. Click OK to save the settings. The rule is displayed in the NAT screen.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 76: NAT/NAPT Rule Sets
This rule translates a LAN IP address to a NAT IP address with specific ports. Its status is set to "Active".
3.7.1.9 Connections (Firewall)
The connection list displays all the connections that are currently open, as well as various details and statistics. You
can set this list to close an undesired connection by clicking its
action icon. The basic display includes the name of
the protocol, the different ports it uses, and the direction in which the connection was initiated.
Figure 77: Connection List
Click the Advanced button to display the following details:
The connection's time-to-live
The number of kilobytes and packets received and transmitted
The device type
The routing mode
Use the Connections per Page combo box to select the number of connections to display at once.
The “Approximate Max. Connections” value represents the number of additional concurrent connections possible.
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3.7.1.10 Advanced Filtering
Advanced filtering is designed to allow comprehensive control over the firewall's behavior. You can define specific
input and output rules, control the order of logically similar sets of rules, and make a distinction between rules that
apply to WAN and LAN devices.
To view the L13 advanced filtering options, click the Advanced Filtering link of the Firewall menu item under the
Services tab. The Advanced Filtering screen appears.
Figure 78: Advanced Filtering
3.7.1.10.1 Input and Output Rule Sets
The first two sections of the Advanced Filtering screen—'Input Rule Sets' and ‘Output Rule Sets', are designed for
configuring inbound and outbound traffic respectively. Each section is comprised of subsets which can be grouped
into three main subjects:
 Initial rules – rules defined here will be applied first, on all gateway devices
 Network device rules – rules can be defined for each gateway device
 Final rules – rules defined here will be applied last, on all gateway devices
The order of the rules appearance represents both the order in which they were defined and the sequence by which
they will be applied. You may change this order after your rules are defined (without having to delete and then re-add
them), by using the
and
action icons.
Figure 79: Move Up and Move Down Action Icons
There are numerous rules that are automatically inserted by the firewall in order to provide improved security and
block harmful attacks.
 To an advanced filtering rule:
1.
2.
Choose the traffic direction and the device on which to set the rule.
Click the appropriate New Entry link. The Add Advanced Filter screen appears.
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Figure 80: Add Advanced Filter
The Matching and Operation sections of this screen define the operation to be executed when matching
conditions apply.
3.
Use the Matching Section to define characteristics of the packets matching the rule.
Source Address The source address of packets sent or received by the L13. The drop-down menu provides
the ability to specify the computer or group of computers on which you would like to apply the rule. Select an
address or a name from the list to apply the rule on the corresponding host, or click Any to apply the rule on
all L13 LAN hosts.
Destination Address The destination address of packets sent or received by L13. This address can be
configured in the same manner as the source address. This entry enables further filtration of the packets.
Protocol You may also specify a traffic protocol. Selecting the Show All Services option from the drop-down
menu expands the list of available protocols. Select a protocol or add a new one using the User Defined
option. This will initiate a sequence that will add a new Service representing the protocol.
Using a protocol requires observing the relationship between a client and a server in order to distinguish
between the source and destination ports. For example, let's assume you have an FTP server in your LAN,
serving clients inquiring from the WAN. You want to apply a QoS rule on incoming packets from any port on
the WAN (clients) trying to access FTP port 21 (your server) and the same for outgoing packets from port 21
trying to access any port on the WAN.
4.
You must set the following Traffic Priority rules in the Operation Section:
Figure 81: Restricted Website
Operation Section options:
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Drop
Deny access to packets that match the source and destination IP
addresses and service ports defined above.
Reject
Deny access to packets that match the criteria defined and send
an ICMP error or a TCP reset to the origination peer.
Accept Connection
Accept Packet
5.
6.
7.
Allow access to packets that match the criteria defined. The data
transfer session will be handled using Stateful Packet Inspection
(SPI), meaning that other packets matching this rule will be
automatically allowed access.
Allow access to packets that match the criteria defined. The data
transfer session will not be handled using SPI, meaning that other
packets matching this rule will not be automatically allowed
access. This can be useful, for example, when creating rules that
allow broadcasting.
Click OK to save the settings.
Define a QoS output rule in the same way as the input rule.
Logging section helps you to monitor the rule.
Log Packets Matched by This Rule - Select this check box to log the first packet from a connection that was
matched by this rule.
8.
By default, the rule will always be active. However, you can configure scheduler rules by selecting User
Defined to define time segments during which the rule may be active. Once a scheduler rule(s) is defined, the
Schedule drop-down menu will allow you to choose between the available rules.
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3.7.2 Quality of Service
Quality of Service refers to the capability of a network device to provide better service to a selected network traffic.
This is achieved by shaping the traffic and processing higher priority traffic before lower priority traffic.
The Broadband Connection to the Internet is typically the most significant bottleneck of the network. This is where the
high speed LAN (100 Mbps) meets limited broadband bandwidth of few Mbps. Special QoS mechanisms must be built
into routers to ensure that this sudden drop in connectivity speed is taken into account when prioritizing and
transmitting real-time service-related data packets.
Figure 82: End-to-end QoS Challenge Areas
3.7.2.1 General
The General screen provides a Quality of Service "wizard" with which you can configure your QoS parameters
according to predefined profiles and in just a few clicks. A chosen QoS profile will automatically define QoS rules,
which you can view and edit in the rest of the QoS tab screens, described later.
Note: Selecting a QoS profile will cause all previous QoS configuration settings to be permanently lost.
Click the QoS tab under Services. The Overview screen appears.
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Figure 83: Overview
WAN Devices Bandwidth (Rx/Tx) Before selecting the QoS profile that most suits your needs, select your bandwidth
from this drop-down menu. If you do not see an appropriate entry, select User Defined, and enter your Tx and Rx
bandwidths manually.
Tx Bandwidth This parameter defines the gateway’s outbound transmission rate. Enter your Tx bandwidth in Kbits per
second.
Rx Bandwidth This parameter defines the gateways’ Internet traffic reception rate. Enter your Rx bandwidth in Kbits
per second.
Note: Entering inaccurate Tx/Rx values will cause incorrect behavior of the QoS module. It is important to set these
fields as accurately as possible.
QoS Profiles. Select the profile that most suits your bandwidth usage. Every profile entry displays a quote describing
what the profile is best used for and the QoS priority levels granted to each bandwidth consumer in this profile.
Default
P2P User
Triple Play User
Home Worker
No QoS profile, however the device is limited by the requested
bandwidth, if specified.
Peer-to-peer and file sharing applications will receive priority.
VoIP and video streaming will receive priority.
VPN and browsing will receive priority.
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Gamer
Priority By Host
Game-related traffic will receive priority.
This entry provides the option to configure which computer in your
LAN will receive the highest priority and which the lowest. If you have
additional computers, they will receive medium priority.
High Priority Host - Enter the host name or IP address of the
computer to which you would like to grant the highest bandwidth
priority.
Low Priority Host - Enter the host name or IP address of the computer
to which you would like to grant the lowest bandwidth priority.
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3.7.3 Voice Service
There are two modes of work. One is with a single analog extension and no PBX functionality. The second is with the
internal PBX and up to five extensions including some PBX features: call routing, hunt group, pickup call, Class Of
service, etc.
The following table describes some of the calling operations which can be performed by the extensions.
Note: Call transfer, call switching, and 3-way conference calls are only available if the cellular provider provides callwaiting functionality.
Calling operation
VoIP Extension
Analog Extension
Using “hold” function
Hitting on hook/flash button.
Use a “Transfer” function on the
SIP phone. Call the wanted
extension. Once the person on
the destination extension
answered and agreed to accept
the call, hook on.
Use a “Flash” or “Hook flash” function
on the analog phone to put the current
call on hold. After hearing the dial tone,
establish another call. Once the person
on the destination extension answered
and agreed to accept the call, hook on.
Use a “Transfer” function on the
SIP phone. Call the wanted
extension and hook on once you
hear the dial tone.
Use a “Flash” or “Hook flash” function
on the analog phone to put the current
call on hold. After hearing the dial tone,
establish another call. Once you hear a
dial tone, hook on.
While hearing a waiting call tone,
use an appropriate function on
the SIP phone to put the current
call on hold and switch to a new
call.
While hearing a waiting call tone, use
“Flash” or “Hook Flash” to put the
current call on hold and switch to a new
call.
3-way conference
Put the current call on hold by
choosing an appropriate function
on the SIP phone. After hearing
the dial tone, establish another
call. Once the second call
established, use the appropriate
function on your SIP phone for 3way conference.
Use “Flash” or “Hook Flash” to put the
current call on hold and to hear a dial
tone. Establish another call, and use
“Flash” or “Hook Flash” for 3-way
conference.
Pickup group membership –
*8
*8
Placing/Recalling a call
to/from hold
Supervised call transfer Where the call is placed on
hold, a call is placed to
another party, a
conversation can take place
privately before the caller on
hold is connected to the new
destination
Blind call transfer - Where
the call is transferred to the
other destination with no
intervention (the other
destination could ring out
and not be answered for
instance)
Switching between waiting
calls
pick up a ringing call in a
group.
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3.7.3.1 Extensions
Analog Extension - There is one analog FXS port extension in the system.
SIP Extensions - A VoIP SIP local extension is a device that supports VoIP (Voice over IP) services using the Session
Initialization Protocol (SIP). It can be a hardware SIP phone unit, a PC with software SIP phone application (SIP softphone) installed, a wireless Wi-Fi phone with SIP client firmware installed, or a cellular phone with SIP client software
installed.
A SIP device can be connected to the 3L13 unit directly using a wired LAN connection or a Wi-Fi wireless connection.
L13 can handle up to 4 VoIP SIP extensions.
 To view existing PBX phone numbers:
Click the Services tab, and select Voice service (or navigate to Home  Voice). The Extensions screen
appears.
Figure 84: Voice – Extensions
 To open the analog extension settings screen:
1.
Navigate to Services  Voice (or Home  Phones).
The Analog Extensions section shows L13 physical telephone port, for which the L13 PBX functions as an
Analog Telephone Adaptor (ATA) device.
Figure 85: Analog Extension
 To modify the analog port extensions and other settings:
1.
Click the extension number or its
action icon. The Edit Extension screen appears.
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Figure 86: Edit Extension Screen
2.
Configure the parameters as follows:
Parameter
Extension Number
Description
Specify the extension number as it was set on the device (the SIP
phone). The PBX supports extension numbers containing 3 to 9
digits.
Last Name, First Name
You can specify the last name and first name of the extension's
owner.
Class of Service
Select the classes of service to apply to the extension. Selecting a
Class of Service applies the functionality associated with that Class
of Service to the extension. For example, a Class of Service can
specify a particular dial plan for outgoing calls.
Enable Do Not Disturb
Select this checkbox to prevent calls from reaching your extension.
Require Authentication
Select this checkbox to set a specified user name and password for
the extension. The SIP device will only be able to use the extension
if it supplies these values to the L13.
When you select this option, the screen refreshes, and
Authentication User Name and Authentication Password fields are
added. Enter the required user name and password in these fields.
Optimize RTP Path Using re-
Select this option to enable the LAN device and the SIP proxy to
INVITE
exchange Real Time Protocol (RTP) traffic directly. Note that in
order for this feature to work, it must also be enabled for the VoIP
line through which the call is routed.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
 To enable/disable the VoIP extensions:
1.
2.
Click the extension number or its
action icon. The Edit Extension screen appears.
Check or uncheck the Enable VoIP Extension.
Figure 87: Enable VOIP Extension
 To Configure a SIP Phone
This section provides general information about how to configure a SIP phone to work with MBR. It also includes
information about SIP phone devices.
Configure the phone with the following settings. Refer to the device's documentation if necessary.
It is highly recommended to configure a SIP phone as described below:
1.
The SIP phone must be configured to get an IP address automatically when it is connected directly to the L13
LAN port. In this case, the appropriate IP address will be of the form 192.168.1.XXX, where XXX is an address
provided by the L13’s internal DHCP server.
2.
The SIP phone must be configured to perform the SIP registration procedure with the L13 PBX. For this
purpose, the SIP phone must create SIP registration parameters (“User name” and “Password”), which must
correspond to the SIP extension’s account in L13. (See the next paragraph.) The IP address of the L13 unit
must be set as the SIP server registration point for the SIP phone. For a SIP phone that is connected directly
to the LAN, the SIP server IP address is 192.168.1.1.
3.
A wireless (Wi-Fi) SIP device must first establish a Wi-Fi connection with the L13 wireless network, and then
run the SIP registration procedure.
 To enter the SIP VoIP extension’s parameters:
1.
Navigate to Services  Voice. The Extensions screen opens. The VoIP Extensions section displays a list of the
VoIP extensions that are available in your L13. SIP devices connected directly to the gateway's LAN must be
configured to use 192.168.1.1 as their SIP server IP address and an extension account number.
2.
Click New VoIP Extension. The Edit Extension screen opens.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 88 Edit Extension Screen
3.
Configure the parameters as follows:
Parameter
Extension Number
Description
Specify the extension number as it was set on the device
(the SIP phone). The PBX supports extension numbers
containing 3 to 9 digits.
Last Name, First Name
Enter the last name and first name of the extension's owner.
Class of Service
Select the classes of service to apply to the extension.
Selecting a Class of Service applies the functionality
associated with that Class of Service to the extension. For
example, a Class of Service can specify a particular dial plan
for outgoing calls.
Enable Do Not Disturb
Select this check box to prevent calls from reaching your
extension. The caller will be forwarded to voice mail
provided by your cellular operator.
Require Authentication
Select this check-box to secure your telephony network. By
default, SIP devices register with L13 as their proxy by
identifying themselves using extension numbers that are
pre-configured on both the devices and on the L13. (You
must configure the device's proxy field with the L13 IP
address in order for this to work.) If you select the Require
Authentication option, L13 will require more than the
extension number as identification. In addition to the
extension number, it will require a user name and password.
This protects your telephony network from unauthorized
intruders. For example, this will prevent someone from
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
outside your home or office from disguising a Wi-Fi SIP
phone as one of your office extensions and making free
phone calls at your expense.
When this option is selected, the screen refreshes, providing
user name and password fields.
Authentication User Name
The user name used for SIP device authentication. Note that
this user name must first be configured on the SIP device.
Authentication Password
The password used for SIP device authentication. Note that
this password must first be configured on the SIP device.
Optimize RTP Path Using re-
Select this option if you would like the L13 to attempt to
INVITE
enable the telephony LAN device and the SIP proxy to
exchange Real Time Protocol (RTP) traffic (the audio stream)
directly, which is more efficient. Note that in order for this
feature to work, it must also be enabled for the VoIP line
through which the call is routed.
3.7.3.2 External Lines
The L13 telephony service is based on VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol or Voice over IP). In order to establish
external voice calls VoIP line must be configured additionally to the cellular line configuration. The basic VoIP
parameters can be configured during the installation wizard process. Additional parameters can be configured in
Services  Voice  External Lines -> Edit VoIP Line. Before configuring the VoIP related parameters, make sure the
Cellular Line Parameters are configured.
 To configure the external line:
Navigate to Services  Voice  External Lines (or Home  External Lines). The External Lines screen
appears:
Figure 89: External Lines Screen
When an active SIM card is installed in the unit and there is an adequate cellular network coverage (if not, an
external antenna can be connected), Internet connection and VoIP line are configured, L13 can create external
line voice calls.
 To configure cellular related parameters:
1.
Information about the cellular related parameters appears in the Cellular Line section of the screen (Figure
91: Cellular Line Configuration Screen), including the status of each cellular channel, cellular operator
identification information, and its reception level.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 90: Cellular Lines Section
Note: If the cellular line status is ‘Not registered’, check the following:
1. The SIM card is installed and the PIN code is either disabled or specified correctly. If a PIN code was
set manually via the WBM, the system has to be restarted and the WBM screen must be refreshed.
2. It is highly recommended that the cellular channel reception level be no less than 90 dB. Sometimes
an external antenna should be connected to L13 to reach this reception level. The reception level is
represented in the “Overview” screen.
2.
Click the name of a cellular line. The line’s configuration screen opens:
Figure 91: Cellular Line Configuration Screen
Note: Some cellular line parameters can only be viewed and modified by users with Administrator
permissions.
3.
The screen contains the following fields:
Parameter
Description
Name
Enter a name for the cellular channel (free text).
Status
Displays the status of the network.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Parameter
Operator Name
Description
The name of the service provider that is associated to the SIM
card is referenced here.
Roaming enabled
Select the checkbox to allow the cellular channel to
automatically connect to any available cellular network, even if
the network is not part of the SIM operator’s network.
Uncheck the checkbox to disable roaming.
Network Lock enabled
Select the checkbox to lock cellular functionality to a specific
network. Typically, you will want to choose the SIM card’s
home network.
When you select the checkbox, the system automatically
begins to scan the area for available networks. The scanning
process can take several minutes. When the scan is completed,
a dropdown list of available networks is added to the screen
(see Operator Name below).
Note: Only the Administrator can change this parameter.
IMEI
International Mobile Equipment Identity, used to identify an
individual mobile station within a GSM or UMTS network.
Note: The IMEI number is displayed when the MBR is
registered to the cellular network.
IMSI
The SIM’s International Mobile Subscriber Identity is
referenced here.
SIM Lock
This section is used to limit the activation of external cellular
lines to SIM cards that meet certain criteria. If the installed SIM
card does not meet these requirements, then the L13 will not
use it to establish an external line.

CCID Lock enable: Select this option to limit activation of
external lines to SIM cards whose Integrated Circuit Card ID
(ICC-ID) is within a specified range. When you select this
option, From and To fields are added to the screen. Specify
the range for these fields.
Note: Each SIM card is internationally identified by its ICCID. ICC-IDs are stored in the SIM cards and are also
engraved or printed on the SIM card body. The number
can contain 18 or 19 digits.

MCC Lock enable: Select this option to limit activation of
external lines to SIM cards whose Mobile Country Code (MCC)
matches the specified code. When you select this option, a
text field is added to the screen. Specify the MCC code in this
field. The code contains three digits.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Parameter
Description
Note: MCC is part of the International Mobile Subscriber
Identity (IMSI) number.

MNC Lock enable: Select this option to limit activation of
external lines to SIM cards whose Mobile Network Code
(MNC) matches the specified code. When you select this
option, a text field is added to the screen. Specify the MNC
code in this field. The code can contain two or three digits.
Note: A “0” at the beginning of the code is ignored. Thus,
for example, the codes “01,” “001,” and “1” are all
equivalent.
Note: MNC is part of the International Mobile Subscriber
Identity (IMSI) number.

MSIN Lock enable: Select this option to limit activation of
external lines to SIM cards whose Mobile Station Identification
Number (MSIN) is within a specified range. When you select
this option, From and To fields are added to the screen.
Specify the range in these fields. The numbers can contain up
to ten digits.
Note: MSIN is a unique number that identifies subscribers
in a mobile network. It is part of the International Mobile
Subscriber Identity (IMSI) number.
Note: These settings can only be viewed and modified by
users who belong to the Distributor permission group.
Other users do not see this section at all.
Note: Only the Administrator can change this parameter.
PIN
Enter the PIN (Personal Identification Number) code of the
installed SIM card (up to 6 digits), if required.
Change PIN
The PIN code can be changed, click on the “Change PIN”
checkbox and enter a new PIN code.
PUK
Enter the PUK code (Personal Unblocking Key) of the installed
SIM card, if required.
Frequency Band Selection
Select the cellular network’s frequency, or select Default for
automatic detection.
 To configure a VoIP line:
In the External Lines screen, under VoIP Lines, click the Edit icon (
). The Edit Line screen opens.
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Figure 92: Edit VoIP Line Screen
The screen contains the following fields:
Parameter
Name
Limit number of
simultaneous calls
Description
Enter a name for the VoIP line.
Select this option if you want to control the maximum number of
simultaneous calls put through the VoIP line. This is useful, for
example, if your proxy account has a call limit. When you select this
option, the screen refreshes, and the Maximum Number of
Simultaneous Calls field is added to the screen. Enter the call limit.
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Parameter
Description
Line Group
Select VoIP Lines.
User Name
Enter the SIP Server user name.
Authentication User Name
Enter the login name used for authentication on the SIP Server.
Authentication Password
Enter the password used for authentication on the SIP Server.
Host name or address
Specify the external SIP Server host name or IP address.
Port
Enter the port number of the External SIP Server.
Register with proxy
Select this option to enable registration with the SIP Server. When you
select this option, the screen refreshes and the Register Expires field is
added to the screen. Specify how often you want the registration to
be renewed, in seconds.
Register expires
Specify how often you want the registration to be renewed, in
seconds.
Use proxy address as user
agent domain
Select this option to use the proxy’s host name or IP address as a
domain name specified in the outgoing SIP messages. When you clear
this option, the screen refreshes and the User Agent Domain field is
added to the screen.
User Agent Domain
Use this field to specify another proxy address to use as the user
agent domain.
Use outbound proxy
N/A
DTMF Transmission
Method
Select the method by which DTMFs (the tones generated by your
telephone's keypad) should be transmitted, as follows:
In-Band The DTMF keypad tones are sent within the voice stream.
Out-of-Band Always (RFC2833) The DTMF keypad tones are
represented by the keypad number and are sent as separate packets.
This is a more reliable transmission method.
Out-of-Band by Negotiation (RFC2833) This method allows
negotiation with the remote party. DTMF tones will be sent either inband or out-of-band, depending on the remote party's preference.
SIP INFO The keypad tones are sent in a separate SIP message.
Compatibility Mode
If you are using Broadsoft as your SIP provider, select Broadsoft.
Otherwise, select Off.
Optimize RTP Path Using
Select this option if you would like L13 to let the SIP proxy and a
telephony LAN device exchange Real Time Protocol (RTP) traffic (the
audio stream) directly. This is the most efficient way to transmit the
audio stream.
re-INVITE
CODECs
Shows the list of supported codecs in order of priority. To change the
order, select a codec and use the arrows to move it up or down in the
list.
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3.7.3.3 Incoming Call Routing
L13 can receive calls from the cellular line. Such calls are automatically routed to the PBX through their respective
lines. Incoming calls can be routed directly to a particular extension or to a hunt group.
 To configure incoming call handling:
1.
On the main PBX screen (Services  Voice  Incoming Calls or Home Services  Voice), click the
Incoming Calls tab. The Incoming Calls screen appears.
Figure 93: Incoming Calls Screen
The Incoming call routing is enabled by default. You can enable or disable this functionality by checking or clearing
the Incoming Call’s Routing checkbox. By default, external lines are configured to transfer a call to a default hunt
group. You can modify the settings as necessary.
 To transfer the call to a specific extension:
1. Click the name of the external line (or the
action icon). The Edit Incoming Call Handling screen appears.
Figure 94: Edit Incoming Call Handling Screen
2. Under Route To, select and configure the actions that will occur when a call arrives as follows.
When a Call Comes in
Transfer to Extension - When this option is selected, the screen
refreshes. The second drop-down menu then displays a list of
the available extensions. Select the extension to which you
would like to route the call to.
Transfer to Hunt Group - When this option is selected, the
screen refreshes. A second drop-down menu then displays a list
of the available hunt groups. Select the hunt group to which you
would like to route the call. This option will be available only if
at least one hunt group is defined on the L13.
3.7.3.4 Outgoing Call Routing
L13 PBX provides a sophisticated mechanism called a dial plan for handling outgoing calls. A dial plan is a set of rules
you define for routing outgoing calls. Each dial plan rule is referred to as a dial plan entry. You can add, edit, or remove
dial-plan entries as required.
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The dial-plan mechanism enables you to manipulate the number dialed by the caller by adding or omitting digits. This
can be used for various purposes, such as connecting to an external line, replacing telephony proxy dialing codes, and
even defining speed-dial shortcuts.
 To define a new dial-plan entry:
1. Navigate to the External Lines screen (Services  Voice  External Lines or Home  External Lines).
2.
At the top right of the External Lines screen, click Outgoing Calls. The Outgoing Calls screen appears and
displays a list of the existing dial-plan entries.
Figure 95: Outgoing Calls Screen
3.
Click the New Dial Plan Entry link. The Edit Dial Plan Entry screen appears:
Figure 96: Edit Dial Plan Entry Screen
4.
Fill in the fields as follows:
Dial Plan Parameter
Dial Pattern Syntax
Description
Type the digits pattern. Use the pattern syntax described below the
field to define the pattern. The new dial-plan rule will only be applied
to outgoing calls and to destination numbers that match the
specified pattern.
Class of Service
Select the Class of Service to which the entry should be applied. The
entry will only be applied to outgoing calls from extensions that
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
belong to the selected Class of Service.
Line Group to Use
Show available external line interface to route the call through a
cellular line (Cellular 1).
Remove Digits From the
Select this option to remove one or more of the digits from the
Beginning of the Dialed
beginning of the target phone number before dialing the number.
Number
When this option is selected, the screen refreshes, and the following
field is added:
Number of Digits to Remove – Enter the number of digits to remove
from the number.
Add Digits to the
Select this option to add digits before dialing the telephone number.
Beginning of the Dialed
When this option is selected, the screen refreshes, and the following
Number
field is added:
Digits to Add – Specify the digits to be added at the beginning of the
telephone number.
3.7.3.5 CDR
The CDR (Call’s Detailed Records) section (Service  Voice  CDR) provides a list of incoming and outgoing telephony
calls that took place.
Figure 97: CDR screen
The box at the top of the screen provides the following information about the list of calls that appears in the table
below it.
Total Calls
The total number of calls released during the specified time period (see
Start time/End time below).
Start time / End time
Specify the time period to include in the CDR report.
Number of last calls to
Specify the maximum number of report lines to display on the screen.
display
CDR Files
After the CDR report is generated, the report files appear on this line. The
number of files depends on the report size and the time period covered
by the report.
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Prev Page/Next Page
If the report is longer than one page, use these buttons to navigate
buttons
between the pages.
Update button
Click this button to refresh the CDR report presentation.
Create Report button
Click this button to start generating the report. When this button is
clicked, the report files are listed on the CDR Files line.
Reset Report button
Click this button to renew the report in the system.
Figure 98: CDR table
The CDR table includes the following fields:
Number
The number of the telephony events in the list.
From
The Caller ID of the call – the number from which it originated. This number
may be a registered extension number, an external cellular subscriber
number, or a VoIP line number. Note that if a Caller ID is not detected, No
Number will appear in this field.
To
The destination number of the call.
Start Time
The start date and time of the call, in YYYY – MM – YY HH:MM:SS format.
End Time
The end date and time of the call, in YYYY – MM – YY HH:MM:SS format.
Call Duration
The specific call duration.
Status
The final status of the call. Possible values: Answered, No Answer, Failed.
All call-record information is stored in the csv files listed under CDR Files in the upper section of the screen. The
name of each CDR file includes the date covered by the report date and a file number. These files can be
downloaded to the PC for handling by external applications such as MS Excel.
 To download a csv file:
Right-click the name of the file and specify the storage place on the PC or in a shared directory on the network.
3.7.3.6 Class of Service
A Class of Service is used to group PBX extensions. This simplifies the process of assigning telephony functionality,
such as dial plans, to extensions. Each set of telephony options is applied to a Class of Service instead of individual
extensions. The PBX allows you to create up to 9 classes of services. More than one Class of Service can be applied to a
single extension.
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For information about applying a Class of Service to an extension, see the Analog Extensions and VoIP Extensions
sections.
For information about assigning a Class of Service to a dial plan, see outgoing calls routing section.
 To create a new Class of Service:
1.
Navigate to Services  Voice  Class of Service. The Class of Service screen appears.
Figure 99 Class of Service Screen
2.
Click the New Class link. The Edit Class screen appears.
Figure 100: Edit Class Screen
3.
Under Class Name, enter a name for the new Class of Service. The name can contain up to 32 characters.
4.
Click OK. The Edit Class screen closes, and the Class of Service screen is displayed again. The new Class of
Service appears in the list of classes. It can be applied to extensions and assigned to dial plans.
3.7.3.7 Hunt Groups
The L13 PBX features Hunt Groups for automatic distribution of incoming calls to two or more extensions. This allows
you to set up groups of extensions to handle different types of operations. In this case, Transfer to Hunt Group is
added as a menu option in the Edit Incoming Call Routing screen (see section 3.7.3.3).
 To define a hunt group:
1.
In the main IP-PBX screen (Services  Voice), click the Hunt Groups tab. The Hunt Groups screen appears.
Figure 101: Hunt Groups screen
2.
Click the New Hunt Group link to create new hunt group. The Hunt Group Parameters screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 102: Hunt Group Parameters Screen
3.
Set the parameters as follows:
Parameter
Description
Name
Specify a name for the hunt group.
Ring Mode
Select whether to ring all extensions at once when a call arrives,
(where the first extension that answers, accepts the call), or to ring
one extension at a time. Selecting the second choice will refresh the
screen.
Extensions to Ring
Select the extensions to include in this hunt group. The drop-down
menu displays all available extensions. Note that this step is
mandatory; otherwise the hunt group is empty.
If you chose to ring one extension at a time as your ring mode, by
default the ring will be routed between the extensions in their order
of appearance in this table. When adding multiple extensions, the
and
action icons appear. Use these icons to move the
selected extension up or down in the list. If you chose simultaneous
ringing, the order of extensions is not relevant.
3.7.3.8 Advanced Telephony Options
This section (Services  Voice  Advanced) provides advanced options intended for a technician or a system
administrator.
 To Enable / Disable Voice Services(administrator only):
In the Voice Services section, set the checkbox in accordance with the required functionality.
Figure 103: Advanced – Voice Services
 To set the local SIP port for IP mini PBX (administrator only):
The local SIP port is the port on L13 that listens to SIP requests from the proxy. By default, port 5060 is used for
SIP signaling of phones connected to the gateway. A common problem occurs when using a SIP agent on the LAN
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
(for example, an IP phone). A SIP agent requires port forwarding configuration (refer to Section Port Forwarding,
which uses the same port—5060. This multiple use of the port causes failure of either or both services. Therefore,
when configuring port forwarding for a SIP agent, you must change L13 SIP port value (for example, to 5062).
Note that the calling party must be made aware of this value when initiating a direct call (not using a proxy).
Figure 104: Advanced – SIP
Set SIP related parameters:
Parameter
Local SIP Port
SIP Reconnect Timeout
Description
L13 SIP protocol signaling port.
The timeout for reconnecting the L13 SIP server
from each VoIP extension.
Use Strict SIP Message Checking
By default, L13 uses strict SIP message checking,
which includes checking of tags in headers,
international character conversions in URIs, and
multiline formatted headers. There are cases in
which this option should be disabled to ensure
interoperability with certain service providers or
third party user agents (SIP endpoints).
Enable Silence Suppression
Enables optimization when no speech is detected.
With this feature enabled, L13 is able to detect the
absence of audio and conserve bandwidth by
preventing the transmission of "silent packets" over
the network. By default this option is selected in
L13.
 To change the RTP start port (administrator only):
The voice stream is transmitted in Real Time Protocol (RTP) packets, which require a range of open ports. If the
default ports are required for another application, you can enter a different start port, thereby creating a new
range.
Under the Local RTP Port Range, specify the first port in the range of 16 ports to reserve for Real Time Protocol
(RTP) voice transport.
Figure 105: Advanced – RTP
 To configure the QoS parameters (administrator only):
Quality of Service (QoS) is aimed at improving the quality of voice traffic over VoIP external line.
In the Quality of Service section, configure the following options:
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 106: Advanced – Quality of Service
Type of Service (HEX)
This is a part of the IP header that defines the type
of routing service to be used to tag outgoing voice
packets originated from MBR. It is used to tell
routers along the way that this packet should get
specific QoS. Leave this value as 0XB8 (default) if
you are unfamiliar with the Differentiated Services
IP protocol parameter.
Use MSS Clamping to Reduce Voice
When using Maximum Segment Size (MSS)
Delay
Clamping, TCP streams routed via L13 when a voice
call is active, will have a smaller segment size. This
will cause RTP to receive better priority, and will
help prevent high voice jitter that is caused by slow
upstream transmission rate, and which is common
with most WAN connections (DSL, DOCSIS, etc.).
When checking this option, the Maximum Segment
Size (MSS) field appears. Change the maximal
segment size as necessary.
 To manage voice CODECs (administrator only)
Figure 107: Voice-Codecs selection
 To add a codec(administrator only):
The CODECs section enables you to add a voice codec for VoIP connections and specify the priority level of each
codec.
1.
In the CODECs section, at the lower left, open the Add CODEC dropdown menu. All available voice codecs
that were not already selected appear in the menu.
2.
Select the codec you want to add. The codec is added to the list of supported codecs.
 To change the order of priority of the supported codecs (administrator only):
Use the arrow action icons.
 To remove a codec from the list of supported codecs (administrator only):
Click the
action icon.
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 To Improve Voice Reception with Echo Cancellation (administrator only)
Echo cancellation is the elimination of reflected signals (echoes) made noticeable by delay in the network. This
also improves the bandwidth of the line. When the delay of a voice call exceeds acceptable limits, L13 will protect
the far end from receiving any echo generated at the local end and sent back through the network.
To improve voice reception with echo cancellation, click the Advanced link under the Voice item menu. In the
Echo Cancellation section, configure the following options.
Figure 108: Advanced – Echo Cancellation
Parameter
Description
Enabled
Select or deselect this check box to enable or
disable this feature.
Tail Length
Defines the length of the elapsed time frame used
for calculating the extrapolation of the echo
cancellation. A long tail improves the echo
cancellation, but increases the load on the Digital
Signal Processor (DSP).
Non-Linear Process (NLP)
Determines the type of calculation that is used for
removing the echo effect. You can set this feature
to Normal, High or Off. Using high NLP improves the
echo cancellation, but increases the load on the
DSP.
Delay Compensation
A time delay compensating the echo cancellation.
 To configure the DSP settings (administrator only):
The DSP table enables you to adjust the analog port’s FXS gain / volume parameters.
Figure 109: Analog Ports FXS/FXO Gain Parameters configuration table
Parameter
HSS Interface Output Gain /
Description
These parameters adjust the output (Tx) volume.
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Encoder Volume
HSS Interface Input Gain /
These parameters adjust the input (Rx) volume.
Decoder Volume
Tone generator Volume
This parameter adjusts the volumes of all progressive telephony
tones that are used in PBX calls: Busy tone, dial tone, call
progress tone, etc.
 To activate the call-waiting audio notification for analog extension (administrator only):
Under Call Waiting, select Enable ACK Spoofing for Caller ID Call Waiting.
Figure 110 Call Waiting table
Note: Time From the End of CAS to the Start of Data is a technical parameter that should only be set by authorized
technical-support staff.
 To Change the FXS Ports Settings (administrator only)
The FXS Ports section contains advanced electronic settings for the FXS (analog) port, which should only be modified
by an experienced administrator or technician.
Figure 111: Advanced – FXS Ports
The following settings can be modified:
Parameter
Select country
Description
Select the pre-defined FXS /POTS line configuration from
the list of countries which responds to your region.
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Ringing Voltage
The ringing voltage, in volts.
Ringing Frequency
The ringing frequency, in hertz.
Ringing Waveform
The ringing waveform – sinusoid or trapezoid.
On-Hook Voltage
The voltage of an idle handset, in volts.
Off-Hook Current
Two-Wire Impedance
Transmit Gain
Receive Gain
Interdigit Timeout
Dial Tone Timeout
Congestion Tone Timeout
Hook Flash
End of Dialed Number Key
The current of an active handset, in mili-amperes.
Select the voice band impedance, in ohms, to be synthesized by
the SLIC.
The transmit gain, in decibels.
The receive gain, in decibels.
The inter-digit dialing time interval of the FXS extension. The
system starts to transmit the digits it receives when the timeout
period has passed.
The headset’s Hang Off dial tone providing maximum time.
Connection will be aborted when the time expired.
Specifies the maximum Congestion tone playback time interval.
Specified time expiring indicates to system rejecting exiting
conversation.
The PBX switch Hook flash time interval.
Dialing option which indicates to PBX that the destination
number’s dialing is finished and can be transmitted to the
destination.
3.7.4 Personal Domain Name (DDNS)
Typically, when you connect to the Internet, your service provider assigns an unused IP address from a pool of IP
addresses. This type of address, called a dynamic IP address, is only assigned to you for the duration of the
connection. Each time you connect to the Internet, a different IP address is assigned to you. Dynamically assigning
addresses extends the usable pool of available IP addresses. However, since in this configuration the computers have
no fixed IP addresses, the access to those computers from the Internet with a specific IP address is not possible.
A Dynamic DNS (DDNS) service enables you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname. When you use a DDNS
service, each time the IP address provided by your ISP changes, the DNS database is updated to reflect the change.
Regardless of the IP address assigned to your computer, it will have a constant domain name. This way, even though
your IP address may change often, your domain name will remain constant and your computer will be accessible.
Note: In order to use the L13 DDNS feature, you must first obtain a DDNS account. You can open a free account at
http://www.dyndns.com/account/create.html. When applying for an account, you will need to specify a user name
and password. Then create the free DNS host and activate it. Please have them readily available when you activate the
L13 DDNS support.
 To activate L13 DDNS support:
1. Navigate to Home  Personal Domain Name. The Personal Domain Name overview screen appears.
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 112: Personal Domain Name Overview Screen
2.
Click the New Dynamic DNS Entry link to add a new DDNS entry. The Personal Domain Name settings screen
appears:
Figure 113: Personal Domain Name Settings Screen
3.
Specify the DDNS parameters as follows:
Parameter
Host Name
More Info
Enter your full DDNS domain name.
Connection
Select the connection to which you would like to couple the DDNS
service. In L13 there is only one option – “WAN Cellular Modem”.
Provider
Select your DDNS service provider. The screen will refresh,
displaying the parameters required by each provider.
Click Here to Initiate and
Manage your Subscription
User Name
Password
User Define
Click this link to open the selected provider's account creation Web
page. For example, when dyndns.org is selected, the following page
will open: http://www.dyndns.com/account/.
Enter your DDNS user name.
Enter your DDNS password.
Currently not in use
Wildcard
Select this checkbox to enable the use of special links such as
http://www.<your host>.dyndns.com
Mail Exchanger
To redirect all e-mails arriving at your DDNS address to your mail
server, enter your mail exchange server address.
Backup MX
Select this check-box to designate the mail exchange server to be a
backup server.
Offline
If you wish to temporarily take your site offline (to prevent traffic
from reaching your DDNS domain name), check this box to enable
redirection of DNS requests to an alternative URL, predefined in
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
your DDNS account. The availability of this feature depends on your
account's level and type of service.
4.
Click Close. The Personal Domain Name screen appears, and the DDNS entry you defined is listed in the table.
Figure 114: Dynamic DNS Activated
L13 can handle more than one DDNS hostname. You can define more than one hostname for a single WAN connection
by simply repeating the procedure above for the same connection.
When you have finished activating the DDNS service, you can verify that it was activated correctly.
 To verify that DDNS is activated for a hostname:
Browse to the hostname (e.g., http://itsp.dyndns.org). If the hostname is resolved correctly, the L13 WBM
login page opens.
3.7.5 DNS Server
Domain Name System (DNS) provides a service that translates domain names into IP addresses and vice versa. The
gateway's DNS server is an auto-learning DNS, which means that when a new computer is connected to the network
the DNS server learns its name and automatically adds it to the DNS table. Other network users may immediately
communicate with this computer using either its name or its IP address. In addition your gateway's DNS:






Shares a common database of domain names and IP addresses with the DHCP server.
Supports multiple subnets within the LAN simultaneously.
Automatically appends a domain name to unqualified names.
Allows new domain names to be added to the database using L13 WBM.
Permits a computer to have multiple host names.
Permits a host name to have multiple IPs (which is needed when a host has multiple network cards).
The DNS server does not require configuration. However, you may wish to view the list of computers known by the
DNS, edit the host name or IP address of a computer on the list, or manually add a new computer to the list.
 To view the list of computers stored in the DNS table:
Navigate to Services DNS Server.
Figure 115: DNS Table
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 To add a new entry to the list:
1. Click the New DNS Entry button. The DNS Entry screen will appear (see Figure 116).
2. Enter the computer's host name and IP address.
3. Click OK to save the settings.
Figure 116: Add or Edit a DNS Entry
 To edit the host name or IP address of an entry:
1. Click the Edit button that appears in the Action column. The DNS Entry screen appears.
If the host was manually added to the DNS Table, then you may modify its host name and/or IP address,
otherwise you may only modify its host name.
2. Click OK to save the settings.
 To remove a host from the DNS table:
Click the Delete button that appears in the Action column. The entry is removed from the table.
3.7.6 DHCP Server
Your gateway's Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server makes it possible to easily add computers that are
configured as DHCP clients to the local network. It provides a mechanism for allocating IP addresses and delivering
network configuration parameters to such hosts. L13 default DHCP server is the LAN bridge. A client (host) sends out a
broadcast message on the LAN requesting an IP address for itself. The DHCP server then checks its list of available
addresses and leases a local IP address to the host for a specific period of time while simultaneously designating this IP
address as `taken'. At this point the host is configured with an IP address for the duration of the lease. The host can
choose to renew an expiring lease or let it expire. If it chooses to renew a lease, then it will also receive current
information about network services, as it did with the original lease, allowing it to update its network configurations
to reflect any changes that may have occurred since it first connected to the network. If the host wishes to terminate
a lease before its expiration, it can send a release message to the DHCP server, which will then make the IP address
available for use by others.
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Figure 117: DHCP Server
Your gateway's DHCP server:





Defines the range of IP addresses that can be allocated in the LAN.
Defines the length of time for which dynamic IP addresses are allocated.
Provides the above configurations for each LAN device and can be configured and enabled/disabled
separately for each LAN device.
Can assign a static lease to a LAN PC so that it receives the same IP address each time it connects to the
network, even if this IP address is within the range of addresses that the DHCP server may assign to other
computers.
Provides the DNS server with the host name and IP address of each PC that is connected to the LAN.
Additionally, L13 can act as a DHCP relay, escalating DHCP responsibilities to a WAN DHCP server. In this case, the L13
will act merely as a router, while its LAN hosts will receive their IP addresses from a DHCP server on the WAN.
3.7.6.1 IP Address distribution / DHCP Server Settings
Figure 118: IP Address Distribution
Note: If a device is listed as Disabled in the Service column, then DHCP services are not being provided to hosts
connected to the network through that device. This means that the gateway will not assign IP addresses to these
computers, which is useful if you wish to work with static IP addresses only.
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 To edit the DHCP server settings for a device:
1.
2.
In the Service section, in the IP Address Distribution combo-box, select the DHCP service:

Disabled Disable the DHCP server for this device.

DHCP Server Enable the DHCP server for this device.

DHCP Relay Set this device to act as a DHCP relay (refer to section ‎3.7.6.2).
Assuming you have chosen DHCP Server, complete the following fields:

Start IP Address The first IP address that may be assigned to a LAN host. Since the gateway's
default IP address is 192.168.1.1, this address must be 192.168.1.2 or greater.

End IP Address The last IP address in the range that can be used to automatically assign IP
addresses to LAN hosts.

Subnet Mask A mask used to determine what subnet an IP address belongs to. An example of a
subnet mask value is 255.255.0.0.

WINS Server OpenRG can operate as a Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) server,
handling name registration requests from WINS clients and registering their names and IP
addresses. WINS is a name resolution software from Microsoft that converts NetBIOS names to
IP addresses. Windows machines that are named as PCs in a workgroup rather than in a domain,
use NetBIOS names which must be converted to IP addresses if the underlying transport
protocol is TCP/IP.

Lease Time In Minutes Each device will be assigned an IP address by the DHCP server for this
amount of time when it connects to the network. When the lease expires, the server will
determine if the computer has disconnected from the network. If it has, the server may reassign
this IP address to a newly-connected computer. This feature ensures that IP addresses that are
not in use will become available for other computers on the network.

Provide Host Name If Not Specified by Client If the DHCP client does not have a host name, the
gateway will automatically assign one for him.
1.
Click OK to save the settings.
3.7.6.2 IP Address distribution / DHCP Relay Settings
 To configure a device as a DHCP relay:
1.
In the Local IP Settings combo-box, select Obtain an IP Address Automatically.
2.
In the IP Address Distribution combo-box, select the DHCP Relay option (see Figure 119: Settings for DHCP
relay).
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 119: Settings for DHCP relay
3.
Click the New IP Address link. The DHCP Relay Server Address screen appears:
Figure 120: DHCP Relay Server Address
4.
Specify the IP address of the DHCP server.
5.
Click OK to save the settings.
6.
Click OK once more in the DHCP Settings screen.
3.7.6.3 DHCP Connections
 To view a list of computers currently recognized by the DHCP server:
Click the Connection List button that appears at the bottom of the DHCP Server screen (see Figure 118). The
DHCP Connections screen appears:
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MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Figure 121: DHCP Connections
 To define a new connection with a fixed IP address:
1.
Click the New Static Connection link. The DHCP Connection Settings screen appears:
Figure 122: DHCP Connection Settings
2.
Enter a host name for this connection.
3.
Enter the fixed IP address that you would like to have assigned to the computer.
4.
Enter the MAC address of the computer's network card.
Note: A device's fixed IP address is actually assigned to the specific MAC address installed on the LAN
computer. If you replace this network card, then you must update the device's entry in the DHCP Connections
list with the new network card's MAC address.
5.
Click OK to save the settings.
The DHCP Connections screen will reappear (see Figure 123), displaying the defined static connection. This
connection can be edited or deleted using the standard action icons.
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Figure 123: DHCP Connections
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3.8 System
3.8.1 Overview
The Overview screen presents a summary of the L13 system’s status indicators. This includes various details such as
version number, release date, type of platform and wireless network status information. In addition, there is an option
to upgrade the software version by clicking Upgrade link.
Figure 124: Overview screen
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3.8.2 Monitor
3.8.2.1 Network
The Monitoring screen (SystemMonitor) displays a table summarizing connection data (see Figure 125) and alarm
notifications. L13 constantly monitors traffic within the local network and between the local network and the Internet.
You can view statistical information about data received from and transmitted to the Internet (WAN) and to
computers in the local network (LAN).
Figure 125: Monitoring Connections
Click the Refresh button to update the display or press the Automatic Refresh On button to constantly update the
displayed parameters.
3.8.2.2 System Alarms
The Network Connections screen (System Monitor) displays system alarms. When a red alarm led is “on” on the
unit’s housing, this screen describes the alarm. Here is a list of all the possible alarms:
1
2
3
4
5
6
“No SIM card detected” - There is no SIM card inserted, or the SIM card is not correctly inserted.
“Invalid SIM card inserted” - The inserted SIM card is invalid
“No PIN code entered” - No PIN code has been entered to activate the Internet and voice services.
“Incorrect PIN code entered” - The entered PIN code is incorrect.
“SIM card blocked” - The SIM card has been blocked (due to entering the wrong PIN code three times). The PUK
is required to unblock the SIM card.
“SIM card permanently blocked” - The SIM card has been permanently blocked (due to entering the wrong PUK
code ten times). A new SIM card is required.
3.8.2.3 CPU
The CPU screen (see Figure 126) displays the following system parameters:
Load Average (1 / 5 / 15 mins.) - This is the average number of processes that are either in a running or
uninterruptible state. A process in the running state is either using the CPU or waiting to use the CPU. A process in the
uninterruptible state is waiting for I/O access, e.g. waiting for the disk. The averages are taken over three time
intervals. The meaning of the load average value varies according to the number of CPUs in the system. For example, a
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load average of 1 on a single-CPU system means that the CPU was loaded all the time, while on a 4-CPU system this
would mean that the CPU was idle 75% of the time.
Processes - This is a list of processes currently running on MBR and their virtual memory usage. The amount of
memory granted for each process is presented with the help of the following parameters:


Total Virtual Memory (VmData) - The amount of memory currently utilized by the running process.
Heap size (VmSize) - The total amount of memory allocated for the running process.
Figure 126: CPU Monitoring
Note: Some processes have several sub-processes. The sub-processes may be displayed under the same name as the
parent processes and use the same memory address space.
By default, the screen is automatically refreshed. You may change this by clicking Automatic Refresh Off.
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3.8.3 Routing
You can access the L13 routing settings by navigating to SystemRouting. The Routing screen initially appears in its
basic view.
Figure 3127: Routing – Basic View
 To add a routing rule:
1.
Click the New Route link or the action icon. The Route Settings screen appears.
Figure 128: Route Settings
2.
Fill in the fields as follows:
Name Select the network device.
Destination Enter the destination host, subnet address, network address, or default route. The destination
for a default route is 0.0.0.0.
Netmask The network mask is used in conjunction with the destination to determine when a route is used.
Gateway Enter the gateway’s IP address.
Metric Indicate the route’s priority level. Typically, the lowest metric is the most preferred route. If multiple
routes have the same metric value, the default route will be the first in the order of appearance.
3.
Click OK. The route is added to the routing table.
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3.8.4 Management
3.8.4.1 Universal Plug and Play
Universal Plug-and-Play is a networking architecture that provides compatibility among networking equipment,
software and peripherals. L13 UPnP-enabled products can seamlessly connect and communicate with other Universal
Plug-and-Play enabled devices, without the need for user configuration, centralized servers, or product-specific device
drivers. This technology leverages existing standards and technologies, including TCP/IP, HTTP 1.1 and XML, facilitating
the incorporation of Universal Plug-and-Play capabilities into a wide range of networked products for the home.
Universal Plug-and-Play technologies are rapidly adopted and integrated into widely-used consumer products such as
Windows 7. Therefore it is critical that today’s Residential Gateways be UPnP-compliant. Your gateway is at the
forefront of this development, offering a complete software platform for UPnP devices. This means that any UPnPenabled control point (client) can dynamically join the network, obtain an IP address and exchange information about
its capabilities and those of other computers on the network. They can subsequently communicate with each other
directly, thereby further enabling peer-to-peer networking. And this all happens automatically, providing a truly zeroconfiguration network.
3.8.4.2 UPnP on L13
If your computer is running an operating system that supports UPnP, such as Windows XP, you can add the computer
to your home network and access the Web-based Management directly from within Windows.
 To add a UPnP-enabled computer to the home network:
1.
2.
3.
Connect the PC to the gateway.
The PC will automatically be recognized and added to the home network. L13 will be added to My Network
Places as the Internet Gateway Device and will allow configuration via a standard Windows interface.
A message appears on the notification area of the Taskbar notifying that the PC has been added to the
network.
 To access the WBM directly from Windows:
1.
2.
Open the My Network Places window by double-clicking its desktop icon.
Double-click the Internet Gateway Device icon. The WBM login screen appears in a browser window. This
method is similar to opening a browser window and typing in 192.168.1.1.
3.8.4.3 UPnP Configuration
The UPnP feature is enabled by default. Access its settings either from the Management tab under the System screen
or by clicking the Universal Plug and Play icon in the Advanced screen. The Universal Plug and Play settings screen
appears:
Figure 129: Universal Plug and Play

Allow Other Network Users to Control Network Features Select this check-box to enable the UPnP
feature. This will enable you to define UPnP services on any of the LAN hosts.
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

Enable Automatic Cleanup of Old Unused UPnP Services Select this check-box to enable automatic
cleanup of invalid rules. This feature checks the validity of all UPnP services every 5 minutes, and
removes old and obsolete services unless a user-defined rule depends on them.
WAN Connection Publication L13 will publish only one WAN connection.
3.8.4.4 Remote Administration
It is possible to access and control L13 not only from within the home network, but also from the Internet. This allows
you to view or change settings while travelling. It also enables you to allow your ISP to change settings or help you
troubleshoot functionality or communication issues from a remote location.
Note: Remote Web Administration disabled in default system configuration
Remote access to L13 is blocked by default to ensure the security of your home network. However, remote access is
supported by the following services, and you may use the Remote Administration screen to selectively enable these
services if they are needed.
To view L13 remote administration options, click the Management menu item under the System tab, or the Remote
Administration icon in the Advanced screen. The Remote Administration screen appears.
Figure 130: Remote Administration
Allow Incoming Access to Web-Management - Used to obtain access to the WBM and to all system settings and
parameters using a browser. Both secure (HTTPS) and non-secure (HTTP) access is available.
Allow Incoming Access to the Telnet Server - Used to create a command-line session and gain access to all system
settings and parameters (using a text-based terminal).
Note: Web Management and Telnet may be used to modify settings of the firewall or disable it. The user may also
change local IP addresses and other settings, making it difficult or impossible to access the gateway from the home
network. Therefore, remote access to Telnet or HTTP services should be blocked and should only be permitted when it
is absolutely necessary.
Diagnostic Tools – The tool is used for troubleshooting and remote system management by you or your Internet
Service Provider. The utilities that can be used are Ping and Traceroute (over UDP).
3.8.4.5 TR-069
CWMP (TR-069) defines an application layer protocol for remote management of L13 and provides the communication
between a Customer Premises Equipment (CPE –L13) and an Auto Configuration Server (ACS).
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Go to System > Management > TR-069 to configure CWMP capabilities on the L13 system.
Figure 131 TR-069 configuration screen
Parameter
CWMP enable
ACS URL
ACS User Name
ACS Password
MBR Port for ACS access
CPE Username
CPE Password
Enable Periodic Info Exchange
Description
The remote management by TR 069 can be enabled or disabled
The configuration server URL
The configuration server User Name for authentication
The configuration server Password for authentication
The port that the configuration server will use to access the L13
The user name that the configuration server will use to access the L13
The password that the configuration server will use to access the L13
Enable/Disable periodic information exchange between the L13 and the
remote configuration server
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3.8.5 Date and Time (Administrator Only)
The gateway can be configured to update the date and time automatically, either from a cellular network of an NTP
server. If you choose to use an NTP server, you must enter the URLs of one or more NTP servers, select the local time
zone, and specify the dates in which daylight savings time is in force. If you choose to use a cellular network, these
settings are set automatically.
 To configure the gateway to update the date and time automatically:
1
Click the Date and Time link. (Alternatively click the Date and Time icon in the “Advanced” screen of the WBM.)
The Date and Time settings screen appears.
Figure 132 - Date and Time Screen
2
Select the Enabled check box under the Automatic Time Update section.
3
Select the protocol to be used to perform the time update.
4
In the Timing parameters fields, specify the time intervals of performing the update:
4.1 ‘Start up update time’ – specifies the L13 system start up initialization time interval. This time interval
starts from the system cold or power resets.
4.2 ‘‘Start up update period’ – specifies the interval between retries when attempting to update the time
during the system startup.
4.3 ‘Updating period’ – specifies the interval between retries when attempting to update the time after the
system startup is finished.
5.
If you selected the NTP protocol, under Time Server, click the New Entry link. The Time Server Settings screen
opens.
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6.
Enter the URL of the NTP server, and then click OK. The URL is added to the list of NTP time servers in the Date
and Time screen.
7.
If you selected the NTP protocol, under Localization, select the time zone.
8.
If you selected the NTP protocol, under Daylight Saving Time, fill in the fields as follows:




9.
Enabled: Select this option to enable the automatic implementation of daylight savings time in
accordance with the settings below.
Start Time: Specify the first day of daylight savings time.
End Time: Specify the last day of daylight savings time.
Offset: Indicate the number of minutes that must be added to standard time to set daylight time.
Click OK to save the new settings.
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3.8.6 Maintenance
3.8.6.1 Configuration File
L13 enables you to view, save and load its configuration file in order to backup and restore your current configuration.
Access this feature either from the Maintenance tab under the System screen, or by clicking its icon in the Advanced
screen. The Configuration File screen appears.
Figure 133: Configuration File
Click the Upload Configuration File button to restore your configuration from a file and restart L13 (Administrator
Only).
Click the Download Configuration File button to back up your current configuration to a file.
3.8.6.2 Reboot
 To restart L13:
1. Access this feature either from the Maintenance tab under the System screen, or by clicking its icon in the
Advanced screen. The Restart screen appears:
Figure 134: Restart
2.
Click OK to restart L13. This may take up to one minute.
3. To re-enter the WBM after restarting the gateway, click the browser’s Refresh button.
3.8.6.3 Restore Default Factory Settings
Restoring L13 default factory settings removes all of the configuration changes made to MBR. This is useful, for
example, when you wish to build a new network from scratch, or when you cannot recall changes made to the
network and wish to go back to the default configuration.
 To restore the factory settings:
1.
Access this feature either from the Maintenance menu item under the System tab or by clicking its icon in
the Advanced screen. The Restore Defaults screen appears.
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Figure 135: Restore Factory Settings
2.
Click OK to restore L13 factory settings.
Note: All L13 settings and parameters, not only those in the Advanced section, will be restored to their default
values. This includes the administrator password; a user-specified password will no longer be valid.
3.8.6.4 L13 Firmware Upgrade
L13 offers a built-in mechanism for upgrading its software image without losing any of your custom configurations and
settings. In order to upgrade the firmware, you must receive an authorized software image file from your operator.
The file should have an rmt extension. Make sure the firmware file is on your PC, on a CD loaded on your PC, or on
another PC on the network, before you begin the upgrade process.
 To upgrade the firmware using a locally available .rmt file:
1.
Access this feature either from the Maintenance tab under the System screen, or by clicking its icon in the
“Advanced” screen. The L13 Firmware Upgrade screen appears.
Figure 136: L13 Firmware Upgrade
2.
Click the Update Now button.
3.
Locate the authorized L13 firmware file by using the Browse button.
4. Click OK. The file starts loading from your PC to the gateway. When loading is completed, a confirmation
screen appears, asking if you would like to upgrade to the new version.
5. Click OK to confirm. When the upgrade process ends, L13 automatically restarts, and the login screen of the
updated image is displayed. Your configuration and settings are retained.
3.8.6.5 User Passwords
The User passwords screen shows existing L13 Web access users accounts and can assist you to change their Web
login passwords.
Note: If you are logged into the Use account, you can only change the password for the User account. If you are logged
in as the Administrator, you can change the password for either account.
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Figure 137: User password screen
 To change a password:
1.
2.
Type the existing and new passwords for each user.
Click OK.
3.8.6.6 Diagnostics
The Diagnostics screen can assist you in testing network connectivity and viewing statistics, such as the number of
packets transmitted and received, round-trip time and success status.
 To access the Diagnostics screen:
In the Maintenance menu, select Diagnostics, or click the Diagnostics icon in the Advanced screen.
Figure 138: Maintenance – Diagnostics screen
 To diagnose network connectivity:
1. Under the Ping section, enter the IP address or URL to be tested in the Destination field.
2. Enter the number of pings you would like to run.
3. Click Go. In a few moments, diagnostic statistics will be displayed. If no new information is displayed, click
Refresh.
The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) test is used to query the physical address (MAC) of a host.
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 To run the ARP test:
1. In the Destination field, enter the IP address of the target host.
2. Click Go. In a few moments, diagnostic statistics will be displayed. If no new information is displayed, click
Refresh.
 To run a trace-route test:
1. Under the Traceroute section, enter the IP address or URL to be tested in the Destination field.
2. Click Go. The traceroute test begins, constantly refreshing the screen.
3. To stop the test and view the results, click Cancel.
3.8.6.7 System Debug log
The system debug log page allows tracing system events and creating reports which can be downloaded to a remote
PC during a Web administration session.
 To open the System Debug log:
Navigate to Maintenance System Debug Log.
Figure 139: System Debug Log screen
 To select a time period to include in the log:
1.
2.
3.
At the top of the screen, select the Syslog for specific time interval checkbox.
Under Start Time and End Time, specify the first and last days of the time period you want to include in the
display.
Click Create Report. The log for the time period you specified is displayed in the System log viewer.
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 To display all available log entries:
1.
2.
At the top of the screen, clear the Syslog for specific time interval checkbox.
Click Create Report. All available log entries are displayed in the System log viewer.
 To erase all log entries:
Click Clear Log.
 To turn on logging:
Click Start Log.
 To turn off logging:
Click Stop Log.
 To configure the system-debugging functionality:
1.
Click the Settings button. The System Debug configuration screen appears. It provides a list of debug
parameters:
Parameter
Description
Log level
Specifies the level of detail in the debugging trace file. Range: 1-8.
Remote logging
Activate this option to forward debugging information to an external
System log server software application.
Remote IP
The IP address of the network PC where the external System log server
address
software application is installed.
Remote port
The port on the external Sys log server for forwarding debugging data.
PBX Logging
Start PBX activity tracing.
Debug level
Specifies the level of detail in the debugging trace file. Range: 1-8.
Verbose Level
Specifies the level of detail in the PBX activity used protocols debugging
trace file. Range: 1-12.
Create syslog
Activate saving trace in the debug report file.
file
Max size of log
Specifies the maximum size of the debug file. File continue to fill
information in FIFO mode when size expired.
Note: The external server application must have an option to receive the system log network information via
an IP connection. An example of an application that is compatible is TFTPd32.
2.
Click OK or Apply. You are returned to the System Debug Log screen, which displays the debug file in the
viewer window.
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Figure 140: Internal Trace debugging viewer
3.9 Advanced
This section of the Web-based Management offers shortcuts to L13 frequently used features. The different icons
redirect to their respective screens that are described throughout this manual. Note that changes to advanced
settings may adversely affect the operation of L13 and your home network; they should be made with caution.
Figure 141: Advanced Tab
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This screen enables you to quickly access the configuration screens for the following features:
DHCP server – Modify the behavior of the DHCP server for each LAN device and view a list of DHCP
clients in the local network. This icon redirects to the DHCP menu item under the Services tab
(refer to section ‎3.7.6)
DNS Server - View and Modify the DNS Table. This icon redirects to the DNS server menu item
under Services tab (refer to section ‎3.7.5)
Firewall – Monitor and define firewall rules. This icon redirects to the Firewall menu item under
Services tab (refer to section 3.7.1)
Internet Connection – Configure WAN Cellular Internet connection parameters. This icon redirects
to the Settings menu Internet Connection tab (refer to section ‎3.5)
Restart – Restart MBR. This icon redirects to the Maintenance menu item under the System tab
(refer to section 3.8.6.2)
Restore Default Factory Settings – Restore the gateway’s default factory settings. This icon
redirects to the Maintenance menu item under the System tab (refer to section ‎3.8.6.3)
System Backup – Provide an option to download existing configuration file from L13 and save it on
a remote PC (refer to section ‎3.8.6.1).
System Restore – Provide an option to upload a previously saved configuration file from the PC to
the MBR (refer to section ‎3.5.1).
User Password – Configure L13 users passwords. This icon redirects to the User Passwords menu
item under the System tab (refer to section 3.8.6.5).
Voice – Manage the Voice services. This icon redirects to the Voice menu item under the System
tab (refer to section 3.8.6.5)
Wi-Fi – Configure wireless LAN parameters. This icon redirects to the WiFi menu item under the
Local Network tab (refer to section ‎3.6.2).
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1 Regulatory Information
This device must be installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions that comes with the product. In some
situations or environments, the use of wireless devices may be restricted by the proprietor of the building or responsible representatives
of the organization. These situations may for example include: Using the Wireless equipment in an environment where the risk of
interference to other devices or services is perceived or identified as harmful.
If you are uncertain of the policy that applies on the use of wireless equipment in a specific organization or environment you are
encouraged to ask for authorization to use this device prior to turning on the equipment. The manufacturer is not responsible for any
interference caused by unauthorized modification of the devices included with this kit, or the substitution or attachment of connecting
cables, antennas and equipment other than specified by the manufacturer. The correction of interference caused by such
unauthorized modification, substitution or attachment will be the responsibility of the user. The manufacturer and its authorized
resellers or distributors are not liable for any damage or violation of government regulations, regulatory approvals and misuse of any
kind failing to comply with these guidelines.
FCC Statement of Conformity
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. The Cellular module within the device was
certified with Part 22 and 24 of the FCC Rules and the Wi-Fi module within the device was certified with Part 15 sub part C. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
FCC Part 15 Statement Note
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Caution
To comply with FCC and Industry Canada RF exposure compliance requirements when using the roof, window
or built-in antenna, a separation distance of at least 20 cm (8 inches) between the equipment and the body must be maintained. 3/1551CRH 102 168 Uen Rev B 2009-03-27 7
NOTICE
Changes or modifications made to this equipment not expressly approved by Ericsson, Inc. may void the FCC authorization to operate
this equipment.
Canada Statement
This product meets the applicable Industry Canada technical specifications. The cellular module within the device was certified with RSS132 and RSS-133 and the Wi-Fi module within the device was certified with RSS210.
In addition, for the power adapter:
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB003 du Canada.
Note: Shielded Ethernet cables must be used in order to comply with emission standards
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2 Appendix
2.1 List of Acronyms
Acronym
Definition
ALG
Application-Level Gateway
API
Application Programming Interface
CPE
Customer Premise Equipment
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DMZ
Demilitarized Zone
DNS
Domain Name System
DOCSIS
Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
HomePNA
Home Phone line Network Alliance
HTTP
HyperText Transport Protocol
IAD
Integrated Access Device
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
IGMP
Internet Group Multicast Protocol
IP
Internet Protocol
IPSec
IP Security
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Acronym
Definition
LAN
Local Area Network
MAC
Media Access Control
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit
NAPT
Network Address Port Translation
OAM
Operations and Maintenance
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant
POP3
Post Office Protocol 3
PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
RIP
Routing Information Protocol
SPI
Stateful Packet Inspection
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UPnP
Universal Plug and Play
URL
Universal Resource Locator
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Acronym
Definition
USB
Universal Serial Bus
VPN
Virtual Private Network
WAN
Wide Area Network
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3 Glossary
100Base-T Also known as "Fast Ethernet," an Ethernet cable standard with a data transfer rate of up to 100 Mbps.
10Base-T An older Ethernet cable standard with a data transfer rate of up to 10 Mbps.
802.11, 802.11b A family of IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)-defined specifications for wireless
networks. Includes the 802.11b standard, which supports high-speed (up to 11 Mbps) wireless data transmission.
802.3 The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - defined specification that describes the
characteristics of Ethernet (wired) connections.
Access point A device that exchanges data between computers on a network. An access point typically does not have
any Firewall or NAT capabilities.
Ad hoc network A solely wireless computer-to-computer network. Unlike an infrastructure network, an ad hoc
network does not include a gateway router.
Adapter Also known as a "network interface card" (NIC). An expansion card or other device used to provide network
access to a computer, printer, or other device.
Administrator A person responsible for planning, configuring, and managing the day-to-day operation of a computer
network. The duties of an administrator include installing new workstations and other devices, adding and removing
individuals from the list of authorized users, archiving files, overseeing password protection and other security
measures, monitoring usage of shared resources, and handling malfunctioning equipment.
Authentication The process of identifying an individual usually based on a username and password. In security
systems, authentication is distinct from authorization, which is the process of giving individuals access to system
objects based on their identity. Authentication merely ensures that the individual is who he or she claims to be, but
says nothing about the access rights of the individual.
Bandwidth The amount of information, or size of file, that can be sent through a network connection at one time. A
connection with more bandwidth can transfer information more quickly.
Bridge A device that forwards packets of information from one segment of a network to another. A bridge forwards
only those packets necessary for communication between the segments.
Broadband connection A high-speed connection, typically 256 Kbps or faster. Broadband services include cable
modems and DSL.
Broadband modem A device that enables a broadband connection to access the Internet. The two most common
types of broadband modems are cable modems, which rely on cable television infrastructure, and DSL modems, which
rely on telephone lines operating at DSL speeds.
Broadcast Broadcasting sends a message to everyone on the network whereas multicasting sends a message to a
select list of recipients.
Bus A set of hardware lines used for data transfer among the components of a computer system. A bus essentially
allows different parts of the system to share data. For example, a bus connects the disk-drive controller, memory, and
input/output ports to the microprocessor.
Cable modem A device that enables a broadband connection to access the Internet. Cable modems rely on cable
television infrastructure, in other words, the data travels on the same lines as your cable television.
CAT 5 cable Abbreviation for "Category 5 cable." A type of Ethernet cable that has a maximum data rate of 100 Mbps.
Channel A path or link through which information passes between two devices.
CHAP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol, a type of authentication in which the authentication agent
(typically a network server) sends the client program a random value, that is used only once, and an ID value. The
sender and peer must share a predefined secret key.
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Client Any computer or program that connects to, or requests the services of, another computer or program on a
network. For a local area network or the Internet, a client is a computer that uses shared network resources provided
by a server.
Client/server network A network of two or more computers that rely on a central server to mediate the connections
or provide additional system resources. This dependence on a server differentiating a client/server network from a
peer-to-peer network.
Computer name A name that uniquely identifies a computer on the network so that all its shared resources can be
accessed by other computers on the network. One computer name cannot be the same as any other computer or
domain name on the network.
Crossover cable A type of cable that facilitates network communications. A crossover cable is a cable that is used to
interconnect two computers by "crossing over" (reversing) their respective pin contacts.
DHCP Acronym for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A TCP/IP protocol that automatically assigns temporary IP
addresses to computers on a local area network (LAN). L13 supports the use of DHCP. You can use DHCP to share one
Internet connection with multiple computers on a network.
Dial-up connection An Internet connection of limited duration that uses a public telephone network rather than a
dedicated circuit or some other type of private network.
DMZ Acronym for demilitarized zone. A collection of devices and subnets placed between a private network and the
Internet to help protect the private network from unauthorized Internet users.
DNS Acronym for Domain Name System. A data query service chiefly used on the Internet for translating host names
into Internet addresses. The DNS database maps DNS domain names to IP addresses so that users can locate
computers and services through user-friendly names.
Domain In a networked computer environment, a collection of computers that share a common domain database and
security policy. A domain is administered as a unit with common rules and procedures and each domain has a unique
name.
Domain name An address of a network connection that identifies the owner of that address in a hierarchical format:
server.organization.type. For example, http://www.whitehouse.gov identifies the Web server at the WhiteHouse,
which is part of the U.S. government.
Drive An area of storage that is formatted with a file system and has a drive letter. The storage can be a floppy disk
(which is often represented by drive A), a hard disk (usually drive C), a CD-ROM (usually drive D), or another type of
disk. You can view the contents of a drive by clicking the drives icon in Windows Explorer or My Computer. Drive C
(also known as the hard disk), contains the computers operating system and the programs that have been installed on
the computer. It also has the capacity to store many of the files and folders that you create.
Driver Within a networking context, a device that mediates communication between a computer and a network
adapter installed on that computer.
DSL Acronym for Digital Subscriber Line. A constant, high-speed digital connection to the Internet that uses standard
copper telephone wires.
DSL modem A device that enables a broadband connection to access the Internet. DSL modems rely on telephone
lines that operate at DSL speeds.
Duplex A mode of connection. Full-duplex transmission allows for the simultaneous transfer of information between
the sender and the receiver. Half-duplex transmission allows for the transfer of information in only one direction at a
time.
Dynamic IP address The IP address assigned (using the DHCP protocol) to a device that requires it. A dynamic IP
address can also be assigned to a gateway or router by an ISP.
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Edge computer The computer on a network that connects the network to the Internet. Other devices on the network
connect to this computer. The computer running the most current, reliable operating system is the best choice to
designate as the edge computer.
Encryption The translation of data into a secret code. Encryption is the most effective way to achieve data security. To
read an encrypted file, you must have access to a secret key or password that enables you to decrypt it.
Ethernet Networking standard that uses cables to provide network access. Ethernet is the most widely-installed
technology to connect computers together.
Ethernet cable A type of cable that facilitates network communications. There are a couple of types of Ethernet
cables: the twisted pair and the coax Ethernet cables. Each of these allow data to travel at 10Mbit per second.
Firewall A security system that helps protect a network from external threats, such as hacker attacks, originating
outside the network. A hardware Firewall is a connection routing device that has specific data checking settings and
that helps protect all of the devices connected to it.
Firmware Software information stored in nonvolatile memory on a device.
Flash memory A type of memory that does not lose data when power is removed from it. Flash memory is commonly
used as a supplement to or replacement for hard disks in portable computers. In this context, flash memory either is
built in to the unit or, more commonly, is available as a PC Card that can be plugged in to a PCMCIA slot.
FTP Acronym for File Transfer Protocol. The standard Internet protocol for downloading, or transferring, files from one
computer to another.
Gateway A device that acts as a central point for network devices, receives transmitted messages, and forwards them.
L13 can link many computers on a single network and can share an encrypted Internet connection with wired and
wireless devices.
Gateway address The IP address you use when you make a connection outside your immediate network.
Hexadecimal A numbering system that uses 16 rather than 10 as the base for representing numbers. It is therefore
referred to as a base-16 numbering system. The hexadecimal system uses the digits 0 through 9 and the letters A
through F (uppercase or lowercase) to represent the decimal numbers 0 through 15. For example, the hexadecimal
letter D represents the decimal number 13. One hexadecimal digit is equivalent to 4 bits, and 1 byte can be expressed
by two hexadecimal digits.
HomePNA An industry standard that ensures that through existing telephone lines and a registered jack, computer
users on a home network can share resources (such as an Internet connection, files, and printers) without interfering
with regular telephone service. HomePNA currently offers data transmission speeds of up to 10 Mbps.
HomeRF An industry standard that combines 802.11b and portable phone standards for home networking. It uses
frequency hopping (switching of radio frequencies within a given bandwidth to reduce the risk of unauthorized signal
interception). HomeRF offers data transmission speeds of up to 1.6 Mbps at distances of up to 150 feet.
Host name The DNS name of a device on a network, used to simplify the process of locating computers on a network.
Hub A device that has multiple ports and that serves as a central connection point for communication lines from all
devices on a network. When data arrives at one port, it is copied to the other ports.
IEEE Acronym for Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. A society of engineering and electronics
professionals that develops standards for the electrical, electronics, computer engineering, and science-related
industries. The IEEE (Eye-triple-E) is a non-profit, technical professional association of more than 377,000 individual
members in 150 countries. The full name is the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., although the
organization is most popularly known and referred to by the letters I-E-E-E.
Infrastructure network A network configuration in which wireless devices connect to a wireless access point (such as
an MBR) instead of connecting to each other directly.
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Internet domain In a networked computer environment, a collection of computers that share a common domain
database and security policy. A domain is administered as a unit with common rules and procedures, and each domain
has a unique name.
Intranet A network within an organization that uses Internet technologies (such as a Web browser for viewing
information) and protocols (such as TCP/IP), but is available only to certain people, such as employees of a company.
It is also called a private network. Some intranets offer access to the Internet, but such connections are directed
through a Firewall.
IP Acronym for Internet Protocol. The protocol within TCP/IP that is used to send data between computers over the
Internet. More specifically, this protocol governs the routing of data messages which are transmitted in smaller
components called packets.
IP address Acronym for Internet Protocol address. IP is the protocol within TCP/IP that is used to send data between
computers over the Internet. An IP address is an assigned number used to identify a computer that is connected to a
network through TCP/IP. An IP address consists of four numbers (each of which can be no greater than 255) separated
by periods, such as 192.168.1.1.
ISO/OSI reference model Abbreviation for International Organization for Standardization Open Systems
Interconnection reference model. An architecture that standardizes levels of service and types of interaction for
computers that exchange information through a communications network. The ISO/OSI reference model separates
computer-to-computer communications into seven protocol layers, or levels; each builds on and relies on the
standards contained in the levels below it. The lowest of the seven layers deals solely with hardware links; the highest
deals with software interactions at the program level. It is a fundamental blueprint designed to help guide the creation
of hardware and software for networks.
ISP Acronym for Internet service provider. A company that provides individuals or companies access to the Internet.
Kbps Abbreviation of kilobits per second. Data transfer speed, as through a modem or on a network, measured in
multiples of 1,000 bits per second.
LAN Acronym for local area network. A group of computers and other devices dispersed over a relatively limited area
(for example, a building) and connected by a communications link that enables any device to interact with any other
on the network.
MAC address Abbreviation for media access control address. The address that is used for communication between
network adapters on the same subnet. Each network adapter is manufactured with its own unique MAC address.
MAC layer Abbreviation for Media Access Control layer. The lower of two sub layers that make up the data-link layer
in the ISO/OSI reference model. The MAC layer manages access to the physical network, so a protocol like Ethernet
works at this layer.
mapping A process that allows one computer to communicate with a resource located on another computer on the
network. For example, if you want to access a folder that resides on another computer, you "map to" that folder, as
long as the computer that holds the folder has been configured to share it.
Mbps Abbreviation of megabits per second. A unit of bandwidth measurement that defines the speed at which
information can be transferred through a network or Ethernet cable. One megabyte is roughly equivalent to eight
megabits.
Modem A device that transmits and receives information between computers.
MPPE Microsoft Point to Point Encryption (MPPE) is a means of representing Point to Point Protocol (PPP) packets in
an encrypted form.
Multicast Transmit a single message to a select group of recipients. A simple example of multicasting is sending an email message to a mailing list. Teleconferencing and videoconferencing also use multicasting, but require more robust
protocols and networks.
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NAT Acronym for network address translation. The process of converting between IP addresses used within a private
network and Internet IP addresses. NAT enables all of the computers on a network to share one IP address.
Network A collection of two or more computers that are connected to each other through wired or wireless means.
These computers can share access to the Internet and the use of files, printers, and other equipment.
Network adapter Also known as a network interface card (NIC). An expansion card or other device used to provide
network access to a computer, printer, or other device.
Network name The single name of a grouping of computers that are linked together to form a network.
Network printer A printer that is not connected directly to a computer, but is instead connected directly to a network
through a wired or wireless connection.
Packet A unit of information transmitted as a whole from one device to another on a network.
PAP Password Authentication Protocol, the most basic form of authentication, in which a user’s name and password
are transmitted over a network and compared to a table of name-password pairs. Typically, the passwords stored in
the table are encrypted. The Basic Authentication feature built into the HTTP protocol uses PAP.
PC Card A peripheral device that adds memory, mass storage, modem capability, or other networking services to
portable computers.
PCI Acronym for Peripheral Component Interconnect. A specific bus type designed to be used with devices that have
high bandwidth requirements.
PCI card A card designed to fit into a PCI expansion slot in a personal computer. PCI cards provide additional
functionality; for example, two types of PCI cards are video adapters and network interface cards. See PCI.
PCI expansion slot A connection socket designed to accommodate PCI cards.
PCMCIA Acronym for Personal Computer Memory Card International Association. A nonprofit organization of
manufacturers and vendors formed to promote a common technical standard for PC Card-based peripherals and the
slot designed to hold them, primarily on portable computers and intelligent electronic devices.
Peer-to-peer network A network of two or more computers that communicate without using a central server. This
lack of reliance on a server differentiates a peer-to-peer network from a client/server network.
PING A protocol for testing whether a particular computer is connected to the Internet by sending a packet to the
computers IP address and waiting for a response.
Plug and Play A set of specifications that allows a computer to automatically detect and configure various peripheral
devices, such as monitors, modems, and printers.
Port A physical connection through which data is transferred between a computer and other devices (such as a
monitor, modem, or printer), a network, or another computer. Also, a software channel for network communications.
PPPoE Acronym for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. A specification for connecting users on an Ethernet network
to the Internet by using a broadband connection (typically through a DSL modem).
PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol, a technology for creating Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). Because the
Internet is essentially an open network, the Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is used to ensure that messages
transmitted from one VPN node to another are secure. With PPTP, users can dial in to their corporate network via the
Internet.
PPTP IP Security, a set of protocols developed to support secure exchange of packets at the IP layer. IPsec has been
deployed widely to implement Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).
Profile A computer-based record that contains an individual network’s software settings and identification
information.
Protocol A set of rules that computers use to communicate with each other over a network.
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Resource Any type of hardware (such as a modem or printer) or software (such as an application, file, or game) that
users can share on a network.
Restore factory defaults The term used to describe the process of erasing your base stations current settings to
restore factory settings. You accomplish this by pressing the Reset button and holding it for five or more seconds.
Note that this is different from resetting the base station.
RJ-11 MBRr An attachment used to join a telephone line to a device such as a modem or the external telephone lines.
RJ-45 MBRr An attachment found on the ends of all Ethernet cables that connects Ethernet (wired) cables to other
devices and computers
Server A computer that provides shared resources, such as storage space or processing power, to network users.
Shared folder A folder (on a computer) that has been made available for other people to use on a network.
Shared printer A printer (connected to a computer) that has been made available for other people to use on a
network.
Sharing To make the resources associated with one computer available to users of other computers on a network.
SNTP Acronym for Simple Network Time Protocol. A protocol that enables client computers to synchronize their clocks
with a time server over the Internet.
SSID Acronym for Service Set Identifier, also known as a "wireless network name." An SSID value uniquely identifies
your network and is case sensitive.
Static IP address A permanent Internet address of a computer (assigned by an ISP).
Straight-through cable A type of cable that facilitates network communications. There are two types of Ethernet
cables: the twisted pair and coax Ethernet cables. Each of these allow data to travel at 10Mbit per second. Unlike the
Crossover cable, straight-through cable has the same order of pin contacts on each end-plug of the cable.
Subnet A distinct network that forms part of a larger computer network. Subnets are connected through routers and
can use a shared network address to connect to the Internet.
Subnet mask Typically, a subnet may represent all the machines at one geographic location, in one building, or on the
same local area network (LAN). Having an organization’s network to be divided into subnets, allows it to be connected
to the Internet with a single shared network address. This is similar in form to an IP address and typically provided by
an ISP. An example of a subnet mask value is 255.255.0.0.
Switch A central device that functions similarly to a hub, forwarding packets to specific ports rather than broadcasting
every packet to every port. A switch is more efficient when used on a high-volume network.
Switched network A communications network that uses switching to establish a connection between parties.
Switching A communications method that uses temporary rather than permanent connections to establish a link or to
route information between two parties. In computer networks, message switching and packet switching allow any two
parties to exchange information. Messages are routed (switched) through intermediary stations that together serve to
connect the sender and the receiver.
TCP/IP Acronym for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. A networking protocol that allows computers to
communicate across interconnected networks and the Internet. Every computer on the Internet communicates by
using TCP/IP.
Throughput The data transfer rate of a network, measured as the number of kilobytes per second transmitted.
USB Acronym for Universal Serial Bus. USB (Universal Serial Bus) is a plug-and-play interface between a computer and
add-on devices (such as audio players, joysticks, keyboards, telephones, scanners, and printers). With USB, a new
device can be added to your computer without having to add an adapter card or even having to turn the computer off.
USB adapter A device that connects to a USB port.
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USB MBRr The plug end of the USB cable that is connected to a USB port. It is about half an inch wide, rectangular and
somewhat flat.
USB port A rectangular slot in a computer into which a USB MBRr is inserted.
UTP Acronym for Unshielded Twisted Pair. A cable that contains one or more twisted pairs of wires without additional
shielding. It is more flexible and takes less space than a shielded twisted pair (STP) cable, but has less bandwidth.
Virtual server One of multiple Web sites running on the same server, each with a unique domain name and IP
address.
VPN A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a private Network that makes use of the public telecommunication
infrastructure, maintaining privacy through the use of a tunneling Protocol and security procedures.
WAN Acronym for Wide Area Network. A geographically widespread network that might include many linked local
area networks.
Wi-Fi A term commonly used to mean the wireless 802.11b standard.
Wireless Refers to technology that connects computers without the use of wires and cables. Wireless devices use
radio transmission to connect computers on a network to one another. Radio signals can be transmitted through
walls, ceilings, and floors, so you can connect computers that are in different rooms in the house without physically
attaching them to one another.
Wireless access point A device that exchanges data between wireless computers or between wireless computers and
wired computers on a network.
Wireless network name The single name of a grouping of computers that are linked together to form a network.
Wireless security A wireless network encryption mechanism that helps to protect data transmitted over wireless
networks.
WLAN Acronym for Wireless Local Area Network. A network that exclusively relies on wireless technology for device
connections.
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Open Source List Appendix
Busybox
CRAMFS support
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
mkcramfs - make a cramfs file system
Copyright (C) 1999-2002 Transmeta Corporation
This program is free software; you can redistribute it andor modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See theGNU General Public License for more details.You should
have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59
Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
DOS File System
EXT2 File System
FreeSwan IPSec
gdb Debugger
File rgpkgdosfstoolsdosfsckCOPYING:
The license below applies to dosfsck, which is copyrighted by Werner Almesberger <almesber@lrc.di.epfl.ch> and Roman Hodek
<Roman.Hodek@informatik.uni-erlangen.de>.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
File rgpkgdosfstoolsmkdosfs COPYING:
The GPL below is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, but the instance of code that it refers to (the mkdosfs
utility is copyrighted by me - David Hudson)
---------------------------------------GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
This package, the EXT2 filesystem utilities, are protected by the GNU
Public License, with the following exception --If the version string in the file version.h contains the string "pre-", or "WIP" then this package must be distributed in source form only.
You can give a copy of the binary for e2fsck to help a friend recover his or her filesystem, as the need arises. However, "pre" or "WIP"
indicates that this release is under development, and available for ALPHA testing. So for your protection as much as mine, I'd rather not
have it appear in a some distribution --- especially not a CD-ROM distribution! The most recent officially distributed version can be found
at http:e2fsprogs.sourceforge.net. If you need to make a distribution,that's the one you should use. If there is some reason why you'd
like a more recent version that is still in ALPHA testing for your distribution, please contact me (tytso@mit.edu), and we can see if we
can't come to an arrangement. The release schedules for this package are flexible, if you give me enough lead time.
Theodore Ts'o 26-Jul-2000
---------------------------------------------------------------------GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
ROM file system
generation utility
Traffic Control Engine
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
USB
USB Network driver infrastructure
Copyright (C) 2000-2005 by David Brownell
Copyright (C) 2003-2005 David Hollis <dhollis@davehollis.com>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it andor modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
usa26msg.h
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved
This file is available under a BSD-style copyright Keyspan USB Async Message Formats for the USA28X Redistribution and use in
source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain this licence text without modification, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.
The following copyright notice must appear immediately at the beginning of all source files:
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved
This file is available under a BSD-style copyright
2. The name of InnoSys Incorporated may not be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY INNOSYS CORP. ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
119
MBR L13 – User’s Guide
usa26msg.h
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved
This file is available under a BSD-style copyright Keyspan USB Async Message Formats for the USA28X Redistribution and use in
source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain this licence text without modification, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.
The following copyright notice must appear immediately at the beginning of all source files:
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved This file is available under a BSD-style copyright
2. The name of InnoSys Incorporated may not be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY INNOSYS CORP. ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
usa49msg.h
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved
This file is available under a BSD-style copyright Keyspan USB Async Message Formats for the USA28X Redistribution and use in
source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain this licence text without modification, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.
The following copyright notice must appear immediately at the beginning of all source files:
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved. This file is available under a BSD-style copyright
2. The name of InnoSys Incorporated may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior
written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY INNOSYS CORP. ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
usa90msg.h
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved
This file is available under a BSD-style copyright Keyspan USB Async Message Formats for the USA28X Redistribution and use in
source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain this license text without modification, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.
The following copyright notice must appear immediately at the beginning of all source files:
Copyright (C) 1998-2000 InnoSys Incorporated. All Rights Reserved. This file is available under a BSD-style copyright
2. The name of InnoSys Incorporated may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior
written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY INNOSYS CORP. ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
L2TP Client
LZMA - Compression
Tool
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
[This is the first released version of the Lesser GPL. It also counts
as the successor of the GNU Library Public License, version 2, hence
the version number 2.1.]
MD and RAID Tools
Utility
Networking tools
PPPoA server & Client
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
rgpkgpppkernelbe_pppoa.c
Copyright (C) Jungo LTD 2004
This program is free software; you can redistribute it andor modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. netatmpppoatm.c - RFC2364 PPP over ATMAAL5 Copyright
1999-2000 by Mitchell Blank Jr Based on clip.c; 1995-1999 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRCICA
And on ppp_async.c; Copyright 1999 Paul Mackerras
And help from Jens Axboe his program is free software; you can redistribute it andor modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This driver
provides the encapsulation and framing for sending and receiving PPP frames in ATM AAL5 PDUs.
PPPoE Relay
Linux File Server support
STAR - Archiver Utility
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
120
MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Syslog
ULibc
Note: this file contains code that was taken from LGPL files
uClibc: rgpkgulibclibcmiscsyslogsyslog.c
glibc: rgpkgglibcmiscsyslog.c
--------------------------------------------------------------------------Copyright (c) 1983, 1988, 1993
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation andor other materials provided with the distribution.
3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software must display the following acknowledgement:
This product includes software developed by the University of California, Berkeley and its contributors.
4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this
software without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY INNOSYS CORP. ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
[This is the first released version of the Lesser GPL. It also counts
as the successor of the GNU Library Public License, version 2, hence
the version number 2.1.]
uClibc++
File Server
Copyright (C) 2004 Garrett A. Kajmowicz
This file is part of the uClibc++ Library.
This library is free software; you can redistribute it andor modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
Copyright (c) 1989 The Regents of the University of California.
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation andor other materials provided with the distribution.
3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software must display the following acknowledgement: This product
includes software developed by the University of California, Berkeley and its contributors.
4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this
software without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY INNOSYS CORP. ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
fdisk.c -- Partition table manipulator for Linux.
Copyright (C) 1992 A. V. Le Blanc (LeBlanc@mcc.ac.uk)
This program is free software. You can redistribute it andor modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
by the Free Software Foundation: either version 1 or (at your option) any later version.
For detailed old history, see older versions.
Contributions before 2000 by faith@cs.unc.edu, Michael Bischoff,
LeBlanc@mcc.ac.uk, martin@cs.unc.edu, leisner@sdsp.mc.xerox.com,
esr@snark.thyrsus.com, aeb@cwi.nl, quinlan@yggdrasil.com,
fasten@cs.bonn.edu, orschaer@cip.informatik.uni-erlangen.de,
jj@sunsite.mff.cuni.cz, fasten@shw.com, ANeuper@GUUG.de,
kgw@suse.de.
Modified, Sun Feb 20 2000, kalium@gmx.de Added fix operation allowing to reorder primaryextended partition entries within the partition
table. Some programs or OSes have problems using a partition table with entries not ordered
according to their positions on disk.
Munged this patch to also make it work for logical partitions.
aeb, 2000-02-20.
Wed Mar 1 14:34:53 EST 2000 David Huggins-Daines <dhuggins@linuxcare.com>
Better support for OSF1 disklabels on Alpha.
2000-04-06, Michal Jaegermann (michal@ellpspace.math.ualberta.ca)
fixed and added some alpha stuff
Berkeley last for Linux. Currently maintained by poe@daimi.aau.dk at
ftp:ftp.daimi.aau.dkpublinuxpoeadmutil
Copyright (c) 1987 Regents of the University of California.
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms are permitted provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
duplicated in all such forms and that any documentation, advertising materials, and other materials related to such distribution and use
acknowledge that the software was developed by the University of California, Berkeley. The name of the University may not be used to
endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS
IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
1999-02-22 Arkadiusz Mi.kiewicz <misiek@misiek.eu.org> - added Native Language Suppor
121
MBR L13 – User’s Guide
Asterisk Voice Package
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
Linux 2.4 ARM
Architecture
NOTE! This copyright does not cover user programs that use kernel services by normal system calls - this is merely considered normal
use of the kernel, and does not fall under the heading of "derived work". Also note that the GPL below is copyrighted by the Free
Software Foundation, but the instance of code that it refers to (the Linux kernel) is copyrighted by me and others who actually wrote it.
Also note that the only valid version of the GPL as far as the kernel is concerned is _this_ particular version of the license (ie v2, not
v2.2 or v3.x or whatever), unless explicitly otherwise stated. Linus Torvalds
---------------------------------------GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
Linux 2.4
NOTE! This copyright does not cover user programs that use kernel services by normal system calls - this is merely considered normal
use of the kernel, and does not fall under the heading of "derived work". Also note that the GPL below is copyrighted by the Free
Software Foundation, but the instance of code that it refers to (the Linux kernel) is copyrighted by me and others who actually wrote it.
Also note that the only valid version of the GPL as far as the kernel is concerned is _this_ particular version of the license (ie v2, not
v2.2 or v3.x or whatever), unless explicitly otherwise stated. Linus Torvalds
---------------------------------------GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
Hostapd
Jstream gpl boards
rgvendorjstreamjiwis8xxmodulesarch.c
Copyright (C) Jungo LTD 2004
This program is free software; you can redistribute it andor modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
Developed by Jungo LTD.
Residential Gateway Software Division
www.jungo.com
info@jungo.com
Sound Exchange Utility
SoX source code is distributed under two main licenses. The two
types of licenses are described in detail in the files LICENSE.GPL and LICENSE.LGPL.
sox.c, and thus SoX-the user application, is distributed under the GPL.
The remaining files that make up libst are licensed under the less restrictive license LGPL.
MPEG Audio Decode
Library
There is currently only one exception to this. The files FFT.c and FFT.h are original from the Audacity program and fall under its license
of GPL. The noise profiling and noise reduction effects both make use of this FFT code and would need to be removed from any
program that requires LGPL only software.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
122
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