Dataplex | DPX-213 | Specifications | Dataplex DPX-213 Specifications

Engineering Manual
Signals
TMG E1261
CERBERUS LEVEL CROSSING
MONITOR FIELD EQUIPMENT
MANUAL
Version 2.1
Issued August 2012
Owner:
Chief Engineer, Signals and Control Systems
Approved
by:
Warwick Allison
Chief Engineer
Signals & Control Systems
Authorised
by:
Paul Szacsvay
Principle Engineer
Signal Research &
Development
Disclaimer
This document was prepared for use on the RailCorp Network only.
RailCorp makes no warranties, express or implied, that compliance with the contents of this document shall be
sufficient to ensure safe systems or work or operation. It is the document user’s sole responsibility to ensure that the
copy of the document it is viewing is the current version of the document as in use by RailCorp.
RailCorp accepts no liability whatsoever in relation to the use of this document by any party, and RailCorp excludes
any liability which arises in any manner by the use of this document.
Copyright
The information in this document is protected by Copyright and no part of this document may be reproduced, altered,
stored or transmitted by any person without the prior consent of RailCorp.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 1 of 89
Engineering Manual
Equipment Manual
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Document control
Version
2.0
Date
10 January 2012
Summary of change
Rail Access Corporation document SC 01 51 00 00 EQ
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Equipment Manual has
been renumbered to TMG E1261 and TMA 400 format
applied. Logging information in Cerberus has been changed
from 10,000 to 8,000 to be consistent with SPG 1260 “Level
Crossing Monitor Requirements”. Reference to spec 1069
has been removed at the request of CES (Warwick Allison).
Section 2.1 list of indications updated to be the same as for
SPG 1260.
2.1
22 August 2012
Amended section 2.12
This document supersedes Rail Access Corporation (RAC) document SC 01 51 00 00 EQ Cerberus
Level Crossing Monitor Equipment Manual version 1.0 published in June 1997.
Summary of changes from previous version
Summary of change
Delete sample signage. Delete text This additional signage and phone number is
required to allow easier access for the public to notify the rail operators of potential
faults or damage at the level crossing. The following example sign or something similar
is to be installed on the level crossing which uses remote battery testing.
Replace text ‘some additional’ with ‘identification’. Add new sentence “The signs shall be
in accordance with SPC 521 ‘Level Crossing Identification Sign’, and SPG 0724.
Delete the two paragraphs immediately after the sample sign. I.e. Delete "The sign is to
be 600mm long x….." and delete "The phone number for reporting ……".
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Section
2.12
2.12
2.12
Page 2 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Contents
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
2
2.1
2.2
Introduction .............................................................................................................................7
About This Publication ..............................................................................................................7
Referenced and associated publications ..................................................................................7
Definitions .................................................................................................................................8
Overview ...................................................................................................................................8
1.4.1
Monitoring (How does it operate?) ............................................................................8
Control and Interrogation ........................................................................................................10
Logging....................................................................................................................................11
Status Reporting .....................................................................................................................11
1.7.1
General ....................................................................................................................11
1.7.2
Maintenance disable of Status Reporting................................................................11
1.7.3
Codes reported to Control Centre ...........................................................................12
Digital Inputs ...........................................................................................................................12
Digital Outputs.........................................................................................................................13
Analogue inputs ......................................................................................................................14
Battery Testing ........................................................................................................................15
Configuration...........................................................................................................................15
Operation and Functional Checks.......................................................................................16
General....................................................................................................................................16
Main Box .................................................................................................................................17
2.2.1
General ....................................................................................................................17
2.2.2
SCADA 2000 A I/O Board........................................................................................18
2.2.2.1 Function....................................................................................................18
2.2.2.2 Operation..................................................................................................18
2.2.2.3 Software description.................................................................................19
2.2.2.4 Configuration & Set-Up ............................................................................21
2.2.2.5 Troubleshooting........................................................................................22
2.2.2.6 Replacement Procedure...........................................................................22
2.2.3
Power Supply Units (PSU).......................................................................................22
2.2.3.1 Function....................................................................................................23
2.2.3.2 Operation..................................................................................................23
2.2.3.3 Configuration and Set-Up.........................................................................23
2.2.3.4 Troubleshooting........................................................................................23
2.2.3.5 Replacement Procedure...........................................................................24
2.2.4
Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC).......................................................................24
2.2.4.1 Function....................................................................................................24
2.2.4.2 Operation..................................................................................................24
2.2.4.3 Configuration and Set-up .........................................................................24
2.2.4.4 Troubleshooting........................................................................................24
2.2.4.5 Replacement Procedure...........................................................................25
2.2.5
Backplane ................................................................................................................25
2.2.5.1 Function....................................................................................................25
2.2.5.2 Operation..................................................................................................25
2.2.5.3 Configuration and Set-up .........................................................................25
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 3 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.2.5.4 Troubleshooting........................................................................................25
2.2.5.5 Replacement Procedure...........................................................................26
Current sensor ........................................................................................................................26
2.3.1
Description...............................................................................................................26
2.3.2
Function ...................................................................................................................26
2.3.3
Operation .................................................................................................................26
2.3.4
Configuration and Set-up.........................................................................................26
2.3.5
Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................27
2.3.6
Replacement............................................................................................................28
VIO ..........................................................................................................................................28
2.4.1
Description...............................................................................................................28
2.4.2
Function ...................................................................................................................28
2.4.3
Operation .................................................................................................................28
2.4.4
Configuration and Set-up.........................................................................................29
2.4.5
Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................29
2.4.6
Replacement............................................................................................................29
Input Optoisolator....................................................................................................................30
2.5.1
Description...............................................................................................................30
2.5.2
Function ...................................................................................................................30
2.5.3
Operation .................................................................................................................30
2.5.4
Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................31
2.5.4.1 Multiple Input Failures On One Board......................................................31
2.5.4.2 Testing A Single Input ..............................................................................31
2.5.5
Replacement Procedure ..........................................................................................32
Output Optoisolator .................................................................................................................33
2.6.1
Description...............................................................................................................33
2.6.2
Function ...................................................................................................................33
2.6.3
Operation .................................................................................................................33
2.6.4
Configuration ...........................................................................................................34
2.6.5
Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................34
2.6.6
Multiple Output Failures On One Board ..................................................................34
2.6.6.1 Testing a Single Output............................................................................35
2.6.7
Replacement Procedure ..........................................................................................36
Cables .....................................................................................................................................37
Modem ....................................................................................................................................37
2.8.1
DPX-223 Modem .....................................................................................................38
2.8.2
DPX-213 Modem .....................................................................................................38
2.8.3
DPX-224 Modem .....................................................................................................39
2.8.4
Maestro Executive 144FM Modem..........................................................................39
2.8.5
Modem Replacement...............................................................................................39
2.8.6
Other Brand Modems ..............................................................................................39
Telephone line.........................................................................................................................40
Interface Relays and Timer .....................................................................................................40
Battery test resistor .................................................................................................................43
Signage for Remote Battery Test Sites...................................................................................43
3
Systems Maintenance Program...........................................................................................43
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 4 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
TMG E1261
Maintenance Tasks .................................................................................................................43
3.1.1
Corrective Maintenance...........................................................................................43
3.1.2
Preventative Maintenance .......................................................................................43
3.1.3
EPROM Replacement or Configuration Data Change ............................................44
3.1.4
Interrogating the Monitor..........................................................................................45
3.1.4.1 PIN Numbers............................................................................................45
3.1.4.2 Using the MS-DOS Program LX_MAINT .................................................46
3.1.4.3 Using the Windows Program CERBERUS...............................................49
Tools and Maintenance...........................................................................................................50
Maintenance Instructions ........................................................................................................50
Incident Investigation ..............................................................................................................51
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
Fault Diagnosis .....................................................................................................................51
General....................................................................................................................................52
Faults reported by Operations ................................................................................................52
Faults Detected during Maintenance ......................................................................................53
4.3.1
Monitor does not report a status change .................................................................53
4.3.2
Changes are not appearing in the log .....................................................................53
4.3.3
Lamp Learn does not complete within 40 seconds .................................................53
4.3.4
Lamp Learn rejects the results ................................................................................53
4.3.5
Lamp problem detected while Crossing operating ..................................................54
4.3.6
Lamp problem detected while Crossing not operating ............................................55
4.3.7
Battery test does not work .......................................................................................55
4.3.8
Monitor indicates a Fault..........................................................................................56
4.3.9
Monitor indicates a SYS Fault .................................................................................56
4.3.10 Monitor indicates a Warning ....................................................................................56
4.3.11 Unable to communicate with the monitor locally .....................................................56
4.3.12 Unable to communicate with the monitor remotely .................................................57
4.3.13 LEDs on the SCADA card not behaving normally ...................................................57
4.3.14 Monitor restarting unexpectedly ..............................................................................57
4.3.15 Clock stopped or showing invalid time ....................................................................57
5
5.1
Installation .............................................................................................................................57
Circuit Design considerations .................................................................................................57
5.1.1
General ....................................................................................................................57
5.1.2
Battery Test Outputs................................................................................................58
5.1.3
Battery Test Relay ...................................................................................................58
5.1.4
Non-Vital Timer........................................................................................................58
5.1.5
Test Load Resistor...................................................................................................59
Equipment Installation.............................................................................................................59
Hardware Configuration ..........................................................................................................60
Commissioning Procedure ......................................................................................................60
5.2
5.3
5.4
6
6.1
Data Configuration................................................................................................................63
Configuration Data Description ...............................................................................................63
6.1.1
Scope of data...........................................................................................................63
6.1.2
Permanent Configuration data syntax .....................................................................63
6.1.2.1 Comments ................................................................................................63
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 5 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
6.2
6.3
6.4
7
7.1
7.2
TMG E1261
6.1.2.2 Variable names ........................................................................................63
6.1.2.3 Variable Types .........................................................................................64
6.1.2.4 I/O List ......................................................................................................64
6.1.2.5 Configuration ............................................................................................65
6.1.2.6 Expression data name..............................................................................66
6.1.2.7 Boolean Expressions................................................................................66
6.1.2.8 Steady result expression ..........................................................................68
6.1.2.9 Timer expression......................................................................................68
6.1.2.10 Lamp expression ......................................................................................69
6.1.2.11 Battery expression....................................................................................70
6.1.2.12 Analogue expression................................................................................71
6.1.3
Variable configuration data......................................................................................71
Customising Generic expressions ..........................................................................................73
Data Generation......................................................................................................................74
EPROM programming.............................................................................................................74
7.3
7.4
Log Interpretation .................................................................................................................75
General....................................................................................................................................75
Log entry types........................................................................................................................76
7.2.1
Digital inputs and Outputs........................................................................................76
7.2.2
Intermediate variables .............................................................................................77
7.2.3
Timers ......................................................................................................................77
7.2.4
Analogue..................................................................................................................77
7.2.4.1 Voltage .....................................................................................................78
7.2.4.2 Lamp.........................................................................................................78
7.2.4.3 Current .....................................................................................................78
7.2.4.4 Temperature.............................................................................................79
7.2.5
Connection status ....................................................................................................79
Analysis ...................................................................................................................................79
Spurious events ......................................................................................................................80
8
Hardware Repair/Replacement ............................................................................................80
Appendix A
Generic Configuration data ..................................................................................82
Appendix B
Level Crossing Monitor - Test and Commissioning Form ................................83
Appendix C
Standard Level Crossing Monitor interface circuits ..........................................87
Appendix D
Drawings.................................................................................................................88
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 6 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
1
Introduction
1.1
About This Publication
TMG E1261
This document provides information for the maintenance of SCADA-2000 Cerberus Level
Crossing monitors.
This document is primarily intended to be read by staff involved with the testing,
commissioning and maintenance of the Level Crossing monitor equipment.
The ‘Cerberus’ level crossing monitor, monitors the status of a railway level crossing
warning system, logs events, reports warning or failure conditions to a central location
(Control Centre), and provides facilities to remotely test the level crossing battery supply.
In typical installations the following items are monitored and logged (some also have
alarms): track circuits, control relays, level crossing warning lamps, flasher units, power
supplies, batteries, associated signal control relays. The event logging retains the last
8,000 changes to; relay positions, analogue voltage changes and to changes in the
number of operating lamps. Typically this is equivalent to 120 crossing operations.
The level crossing monitor is designed and interfaced to the level crossing equipment in
such a way as to minimise the risk of it providing incorrect information in a manner that is
not obviously incorrect or reducing the integrity of the level crossing.
The level crossing monitor has been especially designed to be interfaced with Signal
Engineering standard signalling designs which are used throughout NSW. (See standard
signalling circuits in appendix C).
Maintenance staff can visit the level crossing monitor and download the logged
information and the unit’s status via a PC and serial cable or they can obtain the same
information remotely via modem from a remote site.
If the optional Control Centre system is implemented then the Control Centre
automatically interrogates the level crossing monitor sites and conducts battery tests.
This Control Centre provides an automatic monitoring and checking system for a number
of level crossing monitors.
1.2
Referenced and associated publications
The following Signal Engineering Specifications provide additional information to this
document and are available on the RailCorp Engineering Internet and Intranet.
Specification SPG 1033 Vital Indication Optoisolator.
Specification SPG 1260 Level Crossing Monitor Requirements
Specification SDG 001 Circuit Design Standards (standard signalling circuits)
The following superseded Signal Engineering Specifications provide additional
information to this document and are only available by request to RailCorp.
Specification 1068
Specification 1071
Specification 1072
Specification 1073
Specification 1074
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
Analogue to Digital Converter
Level crossing monitor hardware
Level Crossing monitor - backplane.
Scada 2000 D12 - Individual Input Optoisolator
8 way output optoisolator
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 7 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
The following Signal Engineering manuals provide additional information to this
document.
Cerberus Control Centre users guide
SCADA 2000 A/2.0 Technical manual.
1.3
Definitions
The following mnemonics are used in this document.
ADC
Analogue to Digital Converter
IIO
Individual Input Optoisolator
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
SCADA Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
VIO
Vital Indication Optoisolator
1.4
Overview
1.4.1
Monitoring (How does it operate?)
Once every 0.25 seconds the Level Crossing monitor scans all of its inputs. It then
checks the pre-programmed relationships between its analogue inputs, digital inputs and
its digital outputs.
Through the use of the configuration data the level crossing monitor processes a number
of mathematical expressions (known as 'Boolean Expressions') to examine the
relationships. Each expression is the equivalent of a non-vital relay circuit. For more
information on Boolean Expressions consult the section on configuration data.
The pre-programmed relationships are customised for each particular level crossing.
However they are all based on a standard set of relationships that are discussed in this
section. Any specific expressions for a level crossing are contained in the expression file
for that particular level crossing.
The Level crossing monitor processes Boolean expressions with, internal intermediate
states and timer facilities to one second accuracy. Appendix A contains a sample set of
Boolean expressions that define the relationships for a standard level crossing.
The Level crossing monitor determines the number of lamps operating on each lamp
circuit. It then checks the number of lamps operating against the number that should be
operating as specified in the expression file. A lamp fault indication is provided when the
number of lamps detected is more than expected on any particular lamp circuit or 1 or
more lamps has failed on any circuit.
In normal operation the level crossing monitor will display two green LEDs which indicate
NO FAULT and NO WARNING. If a maintenance computer (either locally or remotely via
modem) is connected these two indications are combined to give a status of NORMAL on
the maintenance computer. If a FAULT occurs than the LED (on the level crossing
monitor front panel) for NO FAULT will extinguish, indicating that a FAULT has occurred.
If a WARNING occurs then the LED for NO WARNING will extinguish, indicating that a
WARNING has occurred.
The NO FAULT status indicates that the battery voltage is not low, no more than 1 lamp
is out, more lamps than expected have not been found, and no other fault detected by the
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 8 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
level crossing monitor. The Fault indication is latched until the fault reset push button is
pressed or the fault reset command with the appropriate pin number is received from a
serial channel.
The NO WARNING status indicates that none of the warning conditions are present. The
Warning indication is latched until the fault reset push button is pressed or the fault reset
command with the appropriate pin number is received from a serial channel.
The list below indicates what could cause the status indications. This list is based on the
standard set of GENERIC i/o and expression files dated 18/5/95.
A status indication of WARNING is indicated if one or more of the following has occurred:
• No remote or local test of the level crossing has occurred within the last 36 hours.
• The local test was not valid as it was not conducted for the 2 minute minimum
period.
• No train has traversed the level crossing within the last 72 hours.
• The Emergency switches have been turned off for more than 10 minutes.
• There has been a failure of some nominated item of signalling equipment near the
level crossing. e.g. points detection failure, signal lamps out or track failure.
A status indication of WARNING & LAMP is indicated if:
• One of the lamps is not working.
A status indication of WARNING & BATTERY is indicated if:
• The AC Supply has been OFF for more than 6 hours 30 minutes.
A status indication of WARNING & SYS_FAULT is indicated if:
• The Level Crossing Monitor itself has an internal fault. A possible internal fault
could be due to failure of the A/D card, real time clock, CPU, memory, log data
analogue input, or EPROM, a test output being ON without a test being requested.
A status indication of FAULT & LOGIC is indicated if the level crossing has:
• not started operating 6 seconds after the time that it should start operating.
• not stopped operating 6 seconds after it should have stopped operating.
• not had a change of state on the flasher inputs within the last 5 seconds when the
level crossing should be operating.
• operated continuously for more than 20 minutes.
• remote battery testing output on without a test being requested or the test runs for
more than 5 minutes and 30 seconds.
• the Boom normal when it should not be, or not normal when it should be normal.
• A pedestrian gate closed when it should not be, or open when it should not be.
• either direction stick relay is energised when no train is present.
• Battery Test relay is faulty or not present (possibly causing the battery charger to
be without power).
• When traffic light interfacing is also provided:
i)
Traffic Light Response (TLR) is received for each crossing operation.
ii)
Traffic Light Response (TLR) is removed when TDR is lost.
• Any emergency gate remaining unlocked for a period exceeding 30 seconds.
A status indication of FAULT & LAMP is indicated if:
• Two or more of the lamps are not working.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 9 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
• More lamps are operating than expected (possible short circuit).
A status indication of FAULT & BATTERY is indicated if the level crossing has:
• the battery voltage is below the alarm point configured in the expression file as
measured by the level crossing monitor for more than 3 seconds.
• the Store 74 Low battery alarm card has tripped for more than 3 seconds.
• The remote testing of the level crossing battery has not produced the test current
specified in the expression file.
It is possible to have multiple status indications which would indicate that more than one
fault or warning has occurred. For example a failure of a flasher unit will give FAULT &
LAMP & LOGIC.
A status indication with LOGIC flashing once per second indicates that the monitor has
had its reporting of status changes disabled temporarily (called maintenance mode).
When in this state the monitor will not report changes of status to the Control Centre via
modem. This state, is entered by holding the Fault Reset button pressed for 5 seconds. It
is cancelled by a momentary push of the Fault Reset button or after a time delay of 45
minutes. This function is provided so that maintenance staff can conduct maintenance
activities at the level crossing without causing unnecessary faults and warning to be
reported back to the Control Centre. All Faults and Warnings must be cleared before
cancelling this maintenance mode otherwise they will be reported to the Control Centre.
1.5
Control and Interrogation
The control, interrogation, and reporting facilities are provided via the RS232 serial ports
labelled channel A, and channel B. Normally a dial-up modem is connected to channel A.
Maintenance staff may Control and interrogate the Monitor using a Personal Computer
and one of two programs. The ‘Cerberus’ software will operate on all windows versions
up to WinXP.
The dial-up modem is connected to serial channel A. Serial channel B is available for onsite maintenance staff. The maintainers PC is directly connected to the Level Crossing
Monitor serial channel B via a null modem serial cable. The cable must include loopbacks
on the Level Crossing Monitor end. These are DTR to CD, and RTS to CTS. See section
4.2 for further details of the cable configuration. Normally the Laptop PC end of the cable
is plugged into serial port 1.
The level crossing monitors have a default set-up of:
Serial Channel A
9600 bps
8 data bits
1 stop bit
no parity
Serial Channel B
19200 bps
8 data bits
1 stop bit
no parity
The functions available to a user are menu driven. These functions include obtaining the
event log, IO states, configuration details, and status change times as well as conducting
a remote battery test. Some menu items are protected by a PIN number.
The PIN numbers will be common for a Region and are available through the District
Signal Engineer or Signal Engineering.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 10 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
1.6
TMG E1261
Logging
Once every 0.25 seconds the Level Crossing monitor checks its analogue inputs, digital
inputs and its digital outputs for changes. If any changes are found then details of these
changes are logged with their date and time (to the tenth of second) of occurrence.
The log contains the last 8,000 changes. The oldest event is automatically replaced by
the next new event when the event log is full.
The log is maintained in a non volatile storage medium (battery backed memory). The log
is still retrievable after the Level Crossing monitor has been without power and
disconnected for at least 2 years.
Changes to the state of the flasher inputs are not logged. The VIOs used to monitor the
flasher units are connected to the level crossing monitor directly via the flasher cable (4
wires - 2 Red, 1 Blue, 1 Orange) to Input 4. This is solely to prevent wasting log space.
(See standard circuits in Appendix C)
1.7
Status Reporting
1.7.1
General
The Level Crossing monitor indicates its status locally using No Warning and or No Fault
indications on the front panel. If a warning or fault occurs, then the No Fault or No
Warning outputs turn off as appropriate and the cause is indicated by turning on either
system, lamp, battery, or logic output as appropriate. Details of the outputs are described
in the section on digital outputs.
Monitor status changes are reported to a pre-programmed phone number via a dial-up
modem if this facility is enabled. The message requires an acknowledgment. If not
acknowledged because the phone line is engaged or faulty the modem is hung-up and
the monitor will try again. The number of retries and the timing of retries are in
compliance with the ACA regulations for operating modems.
If present in the level crossing location when a monitor status change is being reported by
the level crossing monitor to a Control Centre you would see and hear the following
sequence:
• Hear dial-tone and red OH indication on the modem turn on as the monitor picks
up the phone.
• Hear tone or pulse dialling from the modem.
• Hear ring tone from the modem.
• Hear answer tones from the modem as the Control Centre answers its phone line.
• See the green CD indication on the modem turn on and the modem go quiet.
• See some seconds later the yellow TD and RD indications on the modem flash as
the message is sent and a return acknowledgment is received.
• See the green CD and red OH indications turn off as the monitor hangs-up the
phone.
1.7.2
Maintenance disable of Status Reporting
The maintainer may temporarily disable Status Reporting by holding the Fault Reset
button pressed for 5 seconds. The LOGIC led will flash once per second to indicate that
the monitor has had its reporting of status changes disabled temporarily. When in this
mode the monitor will not report changes of status to the Control Centre.
This mode is cancelled by a momentary push of the Fault Reset button or at preprogrammed interval after activation. Normally this time-out is set at 45 minutes. All Fault
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 11 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
and Warning conditions must be cleared before cancelling this mode otherwise they will
be reported to the Control Centre.
Note that the maintenance disable feature is a part of the expression file and can be
disabled if required by modifying the expression file.
1.7.3
Codes reported to Control Centre
The level crossing monitor will report a Fault or Warning and one of the following codes
when it detects a change in the status of the crossing. These directly relate to the monitor
front panel indications discussed previously. But also include some additional information
by identifying some indications that are grouped on the front panel.
Code reported by Control Centre PC
Code 1
Code 2
Code 3
Code 4
Code 5
Code 6
Code 7
Code 8
Code 9
Code 10
Code 11
TRAIN DRAGGING EQUIPMENT
1.8
Level Crossing Monitor, Status
Codes
LAMP
LOGIC
SYSTEM
BATTERY
TEST
COMMUNICATIONS FAIL
SECURITY ALARM
EMERGENCY SWITCHES
No Train for 72 hours
No Test for 36 hours
Operating Too long
DRAGGING EQUIPMENT
Note 1:
Security Alarm is intended to be an alarm module installed at the level
crossing. In the future a number of level crossing locations may have alarms
fitted which can then report back via the level crossing monitor to the Control
Centre.
Note 2:
Train Dragging equipment is intended to be an alarm that is activated by
Train Dragging detector equipment. It is a future option.
Digital Inputs
The Level Crossing monitor has 48 digital inputs that are logged and 8 digital inputs that
are not logged. Digital inputs are conditioned through a 12 volt 32 way Input Optoisolator
board. They are suitable for input voltages in the range of 9 volts to 20 volts DC. They
require a positive voltage for each individual input and a common negative for the Input
Optoisolator board.
The following digital inputs are normally connected to the Level Crossing monitor when
available at the particular Level Crossing:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
All track circuits that qualify the operation of the level crossing.
Direction stick relays.
The level crossing control and repeat relays.
Test switch.
Manual operating switch.
Boom 85-90 degree state.
Lights, Bell, Boom and Gates emergency switches.
AC supply state.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 12 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
• Low battery voltage indication from charger.
• Any other function that qualifies the operation of the Level Crossing (for example
approach signals HR and ALSR).
• Crossing normal relay.
• Pedestrian gates normal and reverse.
• Reset fault or warning.
• Output state of each flasher.
Other relays/contacts of interest e.g. Signal control relays, releasing switches.
1.9
Digital Outputs
The level crossing monitor has 8 digital outputs. The current state of these outputs is
indicated on the front panel of the level crossing monitor. These outputs are connected to
the 8-way Output Optoisolator which is used to drive the required external relays. This
output optoisolator switches a common positive and are suitable for operating relays. In
particular they are suitable to drive 12 volt BRB 930 series relays directly.
The Level Crossing monitor outputs are as follows:
1
Battery test
Used to control battery test relay.
2
No Fault
This output is ON when no fault condition has been detected with either the level
crossing monitor or the level crossing equipment. The fault indication remains until
reset. This output may be used in the future to control an external flashing beacon
which indicates healthy/faulty level crossing operation to the train driver or public
road users.
3
No Warning
This output is ON when no warning condition has been detected with the level
crossing equipment. The warning indication remains until reset.
4
System
This output operates in conjunction with the No Fault output. This output is ON
when a fault has been detected internally with the level crossing monitor unit. The
output remains on until the fault condition is fixed.
8
Battery
This output operates in conjunction with the No Fault and No Warning outputs. This
output is ON when a fault or warning condition has been detected with the level
crossing battery. The output remains on until the fault or warning condition has
been reset.
9
Lamp
This output operates in conjunction with the No Fault and No Warning outputs. This
output is ON when a fault or warning condition has been detected with the level
crossing lamps. This output remains on until the correct number of working lamps
is detected. It cannot be turned off until the correct number of lamps has been
detected running for at least 10 seconds.
10
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
Logic
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 13 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
This output operates in conjunction with the No Fault and No Warning outputs. This
output is ON when a fault or warning condition has been detected with the
operation of the level crossing equipment. The output remains on until the fault or
warning condition has been reset. If this output is flashing it indicates the
maintenance disable state.
11
Timer test
Used to control both the non-vital battery test timer and the battery test relay.
1.10
Analogue inputs
The level crossing monitor has 8 analogue inputs.
Analogue input number 1 is used to monitor the Level Crossing battery voltage. No
connection is required from the level crossing battery to analogue input 1 as the battery
voltage is measured through the power supply input wires used to power the monitor.
This input is electrically conditioned for a 0 to 20 volts DC input voltage. The Battery
voltage is is considered to have changed when the voltage is more than 0.95 volt different
than the last logged value.
Analogue inputs 2 to 5 are electrically conditioned for a 0 to 5 volts DC input voltage.
These are normally used to monitor the Level Crossing lamp currents in the range of 0 to
20 amps DC via the Current Sensor units. The Current Sensor that has a linear output
voltage of 0 to 5 volts in response to a lamp current of 0 to 20 amps.
For a standard level crossing two sets of lamps are connected to each flasher unit. An
electronic flasher flashes between the two sets of lamps at about 43 times per minute.
The Current Sensors are connected to the common leg of the two sets of lamps. The two
sets of lamps are identified as Flasher Up and Flasher Down. While the lamps are
flashing the Current Sensor is measuring the current both sets of lamps. To allow the
level crossing monitor to know which set of lamps relates to the current being measured a
digital input (via a VIO) is used to monitor the state of the flasher (Flasher Up or Flasher
Down or in the case of Safeflash - Bank 1 or Bank 2). This digital input tells the level
crossing monitor which set of lamps is currently lit and the monitor than knows the current
reading for each set of lamps.
A change is considered to have occurred on a lamp analogue channel when a different
number of lamps are determined to be operating.
Analogue inputs 6 to 7 are electrically conditioned for a 0 to 5 volts DC input voltage.
They are normally spare and may be used with other sensors to monitor additional
flashing lamps OR log voltage, current or temperature. A possible use for the spare
inputs is to use a Vital Analogue Interface module (supplied by Signal Engineering) to
directly monitor DC track relay voltages. Another useful application is the monitoring of
the location hut temperature and even monitoring of the rail temperature.
Analogue input 8 is electrically conditioned for a 0 to 5 volts DC input voltage. It is
normally used to monitor the Level Crossing battery test current in the range of 0 to 20
amps DC. To monitor the battery test current it uses a Current Sensor (same unit as used
for the lamps) that has a linear output voltage of 0 to 5 volts in response to a lamp current
of 0 to 20 amps. A change is considered to have occurred when the current is more than
1.6 ampere different than the last logged value.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 14 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
1.11
TMG E1261
Battery Testing
The level crossing monitor has a facility for testing the capacity and terminal voltage of
the level crossing battery and reporting the results to a remote location or Control Centre
via a dial-up modem.
The level crossing monitor uses outputs 1 and 8 (that is Battery Test, and Timer Test) to
control the battery test circuitry. These outputs control the 120 V AC supply to the level
crossing battery charger, and a test load for the level crossing battery.
The process of testing the level crossing battery after a request is received from a Control
Centre or maintainer takes approximately 8 minutes to complete
The details of the test are as follows.
• Perform a through check of the operation of the Level Crossing monitor which
includes processor test, event log integrity check, EPROM checksum, RAM test. If
all checks do not pass then the battery test does not commence and a system fault
is indicated and reported.
• Check battery voltage to determine if it is within limits. If it is too low, then abort the
battery test, indicate a battery Fault and report it.
• Check that the battery test current is less than 1.0 ampere and the Battery test cutoff indication is ON. (this is to check the operation of the current sensor and the
battery test cut-off relay.
• Report that the test has commenced and break the communications link by
hanging up the modem.
• Turn on output 8 (that is Timer test). Check that the Battery test cut-off indication
turns OFF between 4 minutes 30 seconds and 5 minutes 30 seconds later. If it
does not, then abort the battery test, indicate a Fault and report it. (This tests that
the timer relay is working correctly and that it is set for the correct time.)
• Turn OFF timer test output.
• Check that the battery test current is less than 0.5 amps and the Battery test cut-off
indication is ON.
• Turn ON both timer test output and Battery test output at the same time.
• Monitor that the Battery test current is greater than 6 amps and battery voltage
remains greater than alarm voltage for 3 minutes. If battery voltage drops below
the alarm voltage, stop test and indicate a battery fault; otherwise terminate the
test at the end of 4 minutes and indicate and report the current state of the level
crossing.
Note:
1.12
The battery test is stopped automatically if the crossing starts operating
(train is approaching). The battery test is automatically recommenced 30
seconds after the crossing stops operating.
Configuration
There are two types of configurable items. One set may be changed during normal
operation. The other set can not. Both are stored in non-volatile memory.
Configurable items that can not be changed during normal operation are:
• Name and date of the permanent configuration data.
• For each digital input, its name.
• For each digital output, and intermediate state, their name and controlling Boolean
expression.
• For each Timer its name, controlling Boolean expression, and duration in hours,
minutes, and seconds.
• For the battery analogue input, its name, fail voltage, and bus voltage correction.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 15 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
• For each lamp analogue input, its name, analogue channel number, number of
lamps expected on flasher up, number of lamps expected on flasher down, flasher
input.
• For the battery test current analogue input, its name, analogue channel number, on
current in amperes, off current in amperes.
Configurable items that can be changed during normal operation are:
•
•
•
•
Name of crossing
Phone numbers to report too
Serial port set-up
Reporting state. That is report changes, dial-up on status change, or do not report
changes or dial-up on status change.
• Current date and time
• Battery bus offset from measured value
• Lamp offsets for each particular lamp set. This may be required to allow for
variations in level crossing installations. This information can be manually entered
but is normally set during the lamp learn function (described later)
2
Operation and Functional Checks
2.1
General
The front panel layout of the level crossing monitor is detailed in drawing M08-865A. The
No Fault, No Warning, +5V, +12V, -12V, and Led 2 are green in colour. All other LEDs
are red.
In the normal state all the green LEDs should be on. That is the +5, +12, -12 power
supply indications, the No Fault, No Warning, should all have their green LEDs lit.
Led 2 (green) on the SCADA 2000 A I/O board should be lit continuously.
Led 4 (red) on the SCADA 2000A I/O board should be flashing once every 0.25 seconds,
Led 3 (red) may be on or off, and Led 14 (red) should be on. All other LEDs should be off.
The SCADA 2000 A I/O Boards front panel LEDs have the following meaning:
LED1:
Normally off, Flashing or permanently ON means a Board Error on start-up or
too many resets in the last 5 minutes.
LED2:
Normally on, means board successfully passed start-up tests
LED3:
On when a command is being processed either locally or remotely.
LED4:
Normally flashing, means that logging and monitoring is occurring.
LED5:
Should be off, flashes for when a character is received on a serial port
LED6:
Should be off, flashes for each Carrier Detect change on a serial port
LED7-13: Should be Off, Means that Bits 1 to 56 are configured as inputs.
LED14:
Should be On, Means that Bits 57 to 64 are configured as outputs.
The Level Crossing monitor is comprised of the following components.
• Main Box
• Current sensors
• Vital Indication Optoisolators(VIO)
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 16 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
TMG E1261
Input Optoisolator
Output Optoisolator
Cables
Interface relays
Battery test load resistor
Modem
Telephone line surge protection unit
Telephone line
The level crossing monitor - Hardware Block Diagram shows how all components of the
Level Crossing monitor are connected together. (Appendix D)
Signal Engineering, Standard circuits sheets X14 to X26 & X49, X 50 details the normal
method of connecting the level crossing monitor to the level crossing signalling
equipment. X50 Part 2/2 shows the normal method for connecting the level crossing
monitor with the Westinghouse SAFEFLASH unit. (see Appendix C)
2.2
Main Box
2.2.1
General
Check that the correct EPROM is inserted. EPROMs are labelled with LXMON R3.7 (or
later), and a date. The software in the EPROM should be version R3.7 or later. The
EPROM is fitted in U5.
CAUTION
The EPROMs have to be inserted in the correct orientation. The notch on
the EPROM socket should match the notch on the EPROM. If power is
applied to a board with the EPROM incorrectly inserted, it may damage the
EPROM or the I/O Board.
The following drawings detail the main box:
M08-865A
Front Panel layout
M08-865B
Rear Panel layout
M08-866
Surge circuit drawing
M08-864A
Wiring
M08-864B
Wiring.
M08-851/1
ADC circuit,
M08-851/2
ADC physical.
M08-862
Flasher interface Cables
CSSC SRA1016
Level Crossing Monitor unit assembly. Sheet 4
CSSC SRA1016
Level Crossing Monitor unit assembly. Sheet 5
CSSC SRA1022
V/Suppress PCB for SRA1016.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 17 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.2.2
TMG E1261
SCADA 2000 A I/O Board
S-2000 A/2.0 I/O Board is a general purpose micro controller board with 64 digital inputs
and/or outputs. These 64 I/O can be configured as either Inputs or Output in groups of 8.
These are configured as 56 Inputs and 8 Outputs for the level crossing monitor.
The I/O Board also has two serial communications ports at the front, and a Bitbus
communications port which is connected to the Backplane.
Dimensions of the I/O Board are 261 mm (length of face plate) x 220 mm (d) x 20 mm
(width of face plate). These are the standard dimensions for a 6U high x 220 mm deep
extended Eurocard.
The major features of the I/O Board are:
b)
The 8044 BitBus Enhanced Micro controller (BEM) which is the heart of the I/O
Board, controlling all its functions.
c)
EPROM socket (U5) which allows a 64 KByte (27512) EPROM containing the
software to be installed.
d)
RAM sockets (U6 & U7) which each contain a 32 Kbyte SRAM chip.
e)
Two D9 Male serial ports (Channel A & Channel B) which are controlled by the
82530 serial communications chip.
f)
14 x Indication LEDs on the front of the board (LEDs 1 - 2 are for the micro
controller status, LEDs 3 - 6 are general purpose LEDs, and LEDs 7 - 14 show
the I/O Port Configuration).
g)
Two 64 way IEC Male connectors mounted on the rear of the board. These
connectors contain the power supply pins, BitBus pins, I/O pins and Address
pins. The top connector is known as 'IOJ1' (it has I/O Bit Nos. 1 to 32) and the
bottom connector is known as 'IOJ2' (it has I/O Bit Nos. from 33 to 64).
Drawing M08-723 shows the physical dimensions and component layout of the I/O Board.
Drawing M08-724 shows a block diagram of the I/O Board.
2.2.2.1
Function
The I/O Board is responsible for controlling the functions of the Level Crossing Monitor
and storing the logged information.
2.2.2.2
Operation
The microprocessor on the I/O Board executes a software program which resides in the
EPROM plugged into the I/O board. The program determines the functionality and
configuration of the Level Crossing Monitor.
If the program is not executed correctly then a Watch Dog IC will reset the board. The
Watch Dog IC also monitors the 5 volt power supply and will reset the microprocessor
and hold it reset while the 5 volts bus is not greater than 4.7 volts. There have been some
cases where a slightly high resistance connection between the power supply and the I/O
board supply pins has resulted in the Watch Dog resetting the microprocessor and
stopping the monitor from operating.
For complete details on the operation of the SCADA 2000 board refer to the source code
of the level crossing monitor and the SCADA 2000 A/2.0 Technical manual.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 18 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.2.2.3
TMG E1261
Software description
The level crossing monitor software consists of 3 separate tasks. A task is essentially an
independent piece of software that fulfils an element of functionality.
Task 1 is the command task which:
• initialises the hardware and software,
• responds to commands received by either serial port,
• reports status changes assuming a Hayes Compatible modem is connected to
serial port A.
Task 2 is the scan task which:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Flash Led 4 each time it runs,
reads and check the real time clock,
toggles watch dog,
scans digital inputs and logs changes,
scans analogue inputs and logs changes,
scans timers, updates timer status, and logs changes,
evaluates logic expressions,
scans intermediate states and logs changes,
scans output states, sets outputs accordingly, and logs changes,
update status, and flag status changes,
checks serial port A modem is not off-hook and idle for too long,
scans and logs serial port connection changes.
Task 3 is the serial communications task which:
•
•
•
•
•
receives characters from either serial port,
assembles the received characters into messages,
acknowledges messages which comply which the protocol,
passes valid messages to Task 1.
transmits messages passed from Task 1.
Command task description
Execution of this task is commenced by a hardware reset. It proceeds in the following
manner:
Initialise and clean variables
If there has been more than 3 resets in the last 12 seconds then stop and blink led 1
continuously.
If the EPROM checksum is not correct then stop and blink led 1 continuously.
Create task 2.
If task 2 did not start properly then turn on led 1.
Create task 3.
If task 3 did not start properly then turn on led 1.
Record the start time.
Initialise the serial ports.
Send modem configuration string to port A.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 19 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Continuously repeat the following:
Turn led 3 off.
If a valid command has been received on serial port A then turn on led 3, process the
command and respond.
If a valid command has been received on serial port B then turn on led 3, process the
command and respond.
Report changes to serial port A if requested.
If required hang-up the modem on port A.
Report changes to serial port B if requested.
Send lamp diagnostic information to serial port if requested.
Report any outstanding status changes.
Check remote test outputs and indicate problems.
Scan task description
Execution of this task is commenced by task 1. It then proceeds in the following manner:
Initialise variables.
Configure level crossing monitor.
Log stop date from non-volatile memory.
Log start date from Real Time Clock.
Continuously repeat the following at 0.25 second intervals:
Turn led 4 on.
Check Real Time Clock.
Kick over watch dog.
Scan inputs, update state, and log changes.
Scan timers, update state, log changes, and every fourth time update run time.
As necessary and every fourth time:
Evaluate expressions.
Scan outputs, log changes, and write outputs.
Scan analogue inputs, update status, and log changes.
Every fourth time.
If not maintenance disabled and their has been a status change then store the time of the
change and set the status to report flag for task 1.
If their is a communications link on serial port A and there has not been a valid message
sent or received for the last 10 minutes then force the modem to be hung-up.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 20 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Log changes in serial port connections.
Turn led 4 off.
Serial communications task description
Execution of this task is commenced by task 1. It then proceeds in the following manner:
Initialise variables.
Continuously repeat the following:
If a serial port interrupt has occurred then
Acknowledge the interrupt to the Serial Controller Chip.
Read the Serial Controller Chip interrupt status register.
Repeat the following until their are no more interrupts to be processed.
a)
If a serial port A receive interrupt occurred then turn led 5 on, check for and
process any reception errors, and process the received character.
b)
If serial port A transmit interrupt then if there are characters to transmit, send
the next one, otherwise clear the interrupt.
c)
If serial port A external status interrupt then turn on led 6 and check the state of
carrier detect. If it is on, set the port A communications link flag, and enable
RTS, CTS flow control. If it is off, clear the port A communications link flag,
store the connection lost time, and disable RTS, CTS flow control. Reset the
external status interrupt.
d)
If a serial port B receive interrupt occurred then turn led 5 on, check for and
process any reception errors, and process the received character.
e)
If serial port B transmit interrupt then if there are characters to transmit, send
the next one, otherwise clear the interrupt.
f)
If serial port B external status interrupt then turn on led 6 and check the state of
carrier detect. If it is on, set the port B communications link flag, and enable
RTS, CTS flow control. If it is off, clear the port B communications link flag,
store the connection lost time, and disable RTS, CTS flow control. Reset the
external status interrupt.
Else if their has been no serial port interrupt for 1 second, then check the
transmission/reception state for each serial port and if they are not idle take the
necessary corrective action.
2.2.2.4
Configuration & Set-Up
A specific EPROM is prepared and labelled for the particular level crossing. The EPROM
is inserted in U5. The EPROM must be type 27512 running at 200nS or better.
A DALLAS DS1235YWL 200nS or better is inserted in U6.
A DALLAS DS1244Y 200nS or better is inserted in U7.
The links for the board must as follows (all others shall be open circuit, that is removed):
1-2
19-20
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
3-4
25-26
5-6
27-28
7-8
29-30
10-11
31-32
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
12-13
33-34
17-18
37-38
Page 21 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
39-40
43-44
47-48
49-50
51-52
53-54
55-56
59-60
85-86
87-88
89-90
95-96
105-106
107-108
Drawing M08-781 SCADA-2000 A/2.0 I/O Board jumper allocations (marked up for LX
monitor) shows the location and setting of the links.
2.2.2.5
Troubleshooting
Check the LED indications on the I/O Board for correct operation (see section above).
Check 5 volt supply is greater than 4.75 volts and less than 5.25 volts. It is easiest to
check this on the input or output Optoisolator board test pins.
If the Board Error LED (LED1) is 'ON' or flashing than the monitor has been reset too
many times in the last five minutes (indicating a possible fault). Press the reset
pushbutton once to see if the I/O Board comes good. If the error LED1 remains 'ON' then
replace the board with a spare.
Suspect boards may be swapped with another board (preferably a spare). Make sure it is
correctly configured before installation. Normally the EPROM from the faulty board is
moved to the replacement board as it is unusual for these to fail. Note that the
configuration information for the monitor is contained in the DALLAS 1235 SRAM and
1244Y SRAM and clock chips. If a new I/O board is installed without swapping over the
old DALLAS chips than the configuration file will have to be uploaded and a lamp learn
will be have to be completed.
Make sure the I/O Board is fully seated in its connectors.
Make sure the current version EPROM (R3.7 or later) is installed.
Make sure all the jumpers are installed in their correct positions and that the correct ICs
are installed.
2.2.2.6
Replacement Procedure
The monitor should be turned off.
The ADC board mounted on top of the I/O board must be removed first by undoing the
retaining screw and lifting the board off the connector.
Remove any connectors plugged into the front of the I/O Board and eject the board from
its slot position by using the front panel card ejectors (push outwards). Make sure front
panel retaining screws are first unscrewed. In some cases the bottom of the board may
foul against the bottom of the front panel cut-out. It may be necessary to slightly flex the
card to allow it to clear the slot as the card is removed.
Insert an I/O Board into the slot, ensuring that it is pushed all the way in to get a good
connection with all pins in the rear connectors. Replace any connectors that were
plugged into the front of the I/O Board.
The I/O Board may be difficult to slide in because of the anti-vibration card guides. If this
is the case, wiggle the board as you push it in. Once pushed in reset the board.
Replace the ADC board and the retaining screw and ensure the ribbon cable is properly
connected to the board.
2.2.3
Power Supply Units (PSU)
The power supply is a DC to DC switch mode power supply which operates from 10 to
30 volts. It has triple outputs. Output Voltage one is +5 VDC @ 6.0 A maximum. Output
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 22 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
voltage two is +12 VDC @ 3 A maximum. Output voltage 3 is -12 VDC @ 0.5 A
maximum. Maximum total output power is 65 Watts.
Other features of the PSU are:
• overcurrent protection
• overvoltage protection on the 5 volt output.
2.2.3.1
Function
The Power Supply Units function is to a supply a regulated and stable DC voltage (+5,
+12, -12 VDC) for the I/O Boards, a 5 VDC supply for the Optoisolators, +12 VDC for the
current sensor, and a +12 VDC supply for the non-vital timer.
2.2.3.2
Operation
The PSU is based on a high frequency DC-DC switchmode operation. The DC input
supply from the Level Crossing Battery is first converted to a high frequency AC voltage
and then converted to a DC rectified voltage. The DC voltage is then 'chopped' to form a
pulsed DC voltage. The pulsed DC is then transformed to different voltages and the
output rectified and regulated to provide the correct DC output voltages.
Switchmode DC-DC converters are small, light and consume less power than
conventional linear supplies. They provide very accurate and stable outputs and are thus
favoured for electronic applications
2.2.3.3
Configuration and Set-Up
Their is no configuration and set-up for the power supply.
2.2.3.4
Troubleshooting
This section is aimed at identifying a failed power supply unit.
a)
Check the status of the three indicating LEDs and the power switch lamp. This
should indicate if the problem is with the input supply voltage or the output
voltage.
b)
If the power switch lamp is 'off', measure the input voltage. It should be between
12 and 18 volts.
Also check the supply fuses.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
a)
If there are no LEDs alight on the I/O Boards or Opto Boards, the +5V has most
likely failed. If the maintenance terminal fails to respond when plugged into the
diagnostic port, the +12V and -12V may have failed.
b)
If any of the indicating LEDs are 'off', the PSU has most-likely failed and thus
the main box requires replacement. However, to confirm that the PSU has
failed, remove the top cover and measure the output voltages. They should be
(+5 VDC , +12 VDC, -12 VDC). The pin-outs for the PSU are either on the top
or the sides of the PSU.
c)
To test remove the power supply connector from the rear of the backplane and
test the power supply using a voltmeter between 0V and +5V, +12V and -12V. If
the +5V rail is less than 4.7V the system will not work.
d)
The +5V may be tested in circuit using the test points on the Input or Output
Optoisolator Boards.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 23 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.2.3.5
TMG E1261
Replacement Procedure
For the main box, if the PSU has failed, remove and replace the whole main box. The
PSU can be replaced in the workshop.
The power supply is a PD65-31LC from PowerBox for a V1.0/V2.0 monitor or a NFC2512T05-12 from Computer Products - Power Conversion for a V3.0 monitor.
2.2.4
Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC)
2.2.4.1
Function
The analogue to digital converter provides 8 analogue inputs the level crossing monitor
can monitor and log. They are used to measure the Battery voltage, Lamp currents and
Battery Test currents. It is mounted on a connector on top of the I/O board.
2.2.4.2
Operation
This board is connected to the rear panel 8-way connector via a ribbon cable.
Pin 1 of the 8-way connector is internally wired to the incoming +'ve supply. This
connects the Level crossing battery to analogue channel number 1 on the ADC.
Analogue inputs 2 to 8 are available on the rear panel for connection to the lamp and
battery current sensors.
Due to the voltage drop of approximately 0.16 V DC between the level crossing battery
bus and analogue input number 1 of the ADC board the measured voltage will be 0.16V
DC less than the bus voltage. To compensate for this the level crossing monitor software
through the expression file automatically adds 0.16 V DC to the displayed voltage so that
the bus voltage and the voltage detected by the monitor are within 0.1V DC of each other.
The ADC is an 8 bit Analogue to Digital converter. The board has an onboard voltage
reference to provide greater accuracy. The ADC converts the incoming voltage to an 8-bit
digital signal which is then used by the SCADA I/O microprocessor to detect the battery
voltage and the number of operating lamps.
2.2.4.3
Configuration and Set-up
There is no configuration or set-up required for the ADC.
2.2.4.4
Troubleshooting
The Version 1.0 ADC board will fail if reverse polarity is applied to the level crossing
monitor input terminals. The failure will be indicated by the level crossing monitor giving a
system fault and battery low indication. The application of reverse polarity will cause one
of the PC tracks to burn open circuit. If a jumper wire is soldered in place of the burnt out
track it is most likely that the board will be useable. This problem was rectified for the
ADC boards V2.0 or later which are supplied with the Version 3.0 level crossing monitors.
By looking at the analogue inputs it is possible to see if the ADC board is supplying valid
readings. If the all of the inputs read zero then maybe the ribbon cable is not connected
or the board has failed. The board is susceptible to lightning damage and should be
checked carefully if the level crossing monitor has failed after a lightning strike or surge. If
the inputs read full voltage with no current sensors connected then the ADC board is
faulty and should be replaced.
Failure of the ADC board is indicated by the battery voltage to analogue input 1 reading
zero. This will result in a system fault being displayed. Individual failures of the other
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 24 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
inputs 2-8 is rare but each input can be checked by monitoring the analogue inputs (by
viewing I/O inputs) and connecting 5 volts to each input and confirming that the A/D
reading is close to 255.
The ADC board will also fail if the internal +12V rail fails or goes low voltage. The ADC
board uses this +12 VDC rail to generate a voltage reference. If the +12V rail fails than
the ADC will read zero on all of its inputs. (Note: it is possible for a failed current sensor
or faulty wiring to the sensor supply terminals 1-11 to fail the internal +12V rail and
therefore fail the ADC board.
2.2.4.5
Replacement Procedure
Open lid of the Level Crossing Monitor. Turn off the power. Unplug the cable. Remove
the screw and unplug the ADC module from the SCADA 2000 A I/O board.
Plug in the new module. Re-install the screw and plug in the cable ensuring that the cable
captive clips are engaged.
2.2.5
Backplane
2.2.5.1
Function
The backplane provides the interconnections for the power, digital, and other wiring.
2.2.5.2
Operation
The backplane is a passive device which provides various connectors and
interconnections between them via Printed Circuit Board (PCB) tracks. The backplane
does have a 5.1 VDC transzorb and a diode which is designed to suppress voltage
spikes from the +5 VDC supply and protect against reverse polarity.
2.2.5.3
Configuration and Set-up
The configuration links on the backplane are not used by the level crossing monitor. They
should however be set to the following:
• 375 kbps link set (link between the two bottom pins)
• The node address connections should be left as set by the factory.
2.2.5.4
Troubleshooting
If the backplane is suspected then it is best to test it by continuity testing the relevant
circuits on the backplane. If this is okay test for shorts to test circuits. Close inspection
can only be done by removing the backplane PCB as there are printed circuit board
tracks on both sides of the PCB.
It has been discovered that the 5.1V transzorb designed to protect the 5V supply is
susceptible to failing short circuit after a power surge or lightning strike hits the level
crossing location. If this transzorb has failed short circuit than the level crossing monitor
will draw excessive current blowing the 4A supply fuse. As a temporary measure you can
disconnect the failed transzorb with a pair of side cutters. The level crossing monitor may
then function correctly, although other components on the surge protection and power
supply board may have failed open circuit or PCB tracks may be damaged.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 25 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.2.5.5
TMG E1261
Replacement Procedure
Remove the I/O board, ADC board and the DC/DC converter power supply to allow
access to the backplane PCB. Removal is done by removing all of the mounting screws
disconnecting the 10-way ribbon cable, disconnecting the 4 power supply wires and lifting
the board out.
On replacement of the backplane PCB ensure that the power supply wires are connected
to their proper terminals. Incorrect wire placement will cause extensive damage to most
components. See Specification 1072 if you are unsure of the proper connections for the
power supply to backplane connections.
2.3
Current sensor
2.3.1
Description
The current sensor is a Klippon rail mounted device. The module has an identification
label of "LXMON/2.0 CSN". Refer to drawing M08-854 for details of its physical aspects.
Refer to drawing M08-855 in Appendix D for circuit drawing.
2.3.2
Function
The current sensor uses a Hall Effect device to monitor the current in the wire that is
threaded through its aperture. It does not affect the circuit in which the current is being
measured. The Hall Effect device measures the magnetic field created by current flowing
in the wire. Tong and clamp meters also use Hall Effect devices for measuring DC
currents.
2.3.3
Operation
Power is connected to the current on terminals 1 and 2. Terminal 1 is 0 volts and terminal
2 is +12 VDC.
The output is a voltage between terminals 1 and 4. Terminal 4 being positive in respect to
terminal 1. The output voltage is linear in respect to the current in the circuit being
measured.
Output Voltage = Current (A) / 4.
Level Crossing lamps draw approximately 2.5 amps each (10V 25 watt globes).
Therefore the output voltage of the current sensor for a 2 lamp a side level crossing
(crossing without gates) while lamps are flashing is about 5 amps / 4 which is 1.25 volts.
The current sensor can measure currents in the range of 0.28 amps to 20 amps. Note
that because of characteristics of the Hall Effect device the current sensor typically has
an output voltage of about 70 millivolts when their is no current following in the circuit
being measured.
2.3.4
Configuration and Set-up
Normally the link on the current sensor PCB is in the DC position (LK1 on some units). It
may be necessary to move the link to the AC position (LK2 on some units) if there are 12
Volt DC Signal lamps fed from the location. When the Signal changes aspect there may
be considerable induction into other circuits which the current sensor is sensitive enough
to pick up. The monitor will then alarm because it detected lamp current when the
crossing lamps should have no current. The current sensors are susceptible to electrical
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 26 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
noise including radio frequency interference which causes the sensors to indicate a false
higher current reading. If interference does occur than it will be required to move the link
to the AC position. The sensor wiring may have to be moved and it may be necessary to
move the whole sensor to another position to reduce the interference.
The current sensors are calibrated by the manufacturer but occasionally there is one that
has been set wrong or missed. This will mean that field checks and possible re-calibration
may be required.
Each current sensor should have between 50mV and 80mV DC between terminals 1 (C)
and 4 (OUT). If the voltage is outside these levels than field calibration is required.
Field calibration is by the following process:
If the output is less than 500 mVolts. Turn the muti-turn trimpot until the output voltage is
at least 500 mVolts.
Turn the trim-pot until the output voltage just reaches a minimum value.
Now turn the trimpot the other direction until the output voltage is between 5 to 10 mV
higher than the minimum.
Note: Although most current sensor trimpots require anti-clockwise turning to lower the
output voltage some require the trimpot to turn clockwise to lower the output voltage.
The resultant output voltage is typically between 50 mV and 80 mV when no current is
flowing through the circuit being measured.
Workshop calibration is done by passing 5.0 amps through the current sensor and
adjusting the trim-pot until the output voltage is 1.25 volts.
When installing the current sensor ensure that the sense wire is passed through the
sensor in the correct direction. The current sensor has a arrow on it clearly indicating the
direction of positive current flow for the sense wire.
2.3.5
Troubleshooting
It the current sensor is suspected. Then first check the 12 volt supply to it. If this is okay.
Check that when no current is following in the circuit being measured that the output
voltage is about 70 millivolts. If it is significantly more the unit has either failed or needs to
be re-calibrated. Refer to the previous section for details on calibration. If adjustment of
the trimpot from minimum to maximum does not result in the output voltage (terminals 1
and 4) varying than the current sensor is faulty and should be replaced.
If the unit is correctly calibrated, then check the output voltage when the circuit being
measured is drawing current. If the output voltage is as expected, then check the
connections to the level crossing monitor or the Analogue to Digital Converter within the
level crossing monitor.
If it is significantly different to expected then the check that the circuit being measured
does not have any problems. If it does not then replace the current sensor.
If lamps are sometimes detected when the crossing is not operating then change the link
on the current sensors from the DC position to the AC position. This link change will
reduce the Current Sensor’s sensitivity to induction from adjacent circuits. See
section 3.3.4 above for details on interference with the current sensor.
Note that if it is a new installation you must ensure that the wire is threaded through the
measurement aperture in the correct direction otherwise the sensor will not operate. It is
sensitive to the direction of current flow. Refer to drawing M08-854.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 27 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.3.6
TMG E1261
Replacement
Disconnect the wiring from terminals 1 to 4. Make sure these are identified and will not be
shorted out.
Unclip the current sensor from the Klippon rail. Confirm that their will be no trains
approaching and that it is safe to disconnect the wire through the current sensor if it is on
a lamp circuit. Disconnect the wire threaded through the current sensor measurement
aperture.
Thread the wire through the measurement aperture for the new current sensor. Ensure
that the wire is securely attached and that the lamp resistor has not been damaged or
interfered with.
Make sure the link on the replacement unit is set the same as the original current sensor.
Note:
Ensure that the wire is threaded through the measurement aperture in the
same direction otherwise the sensor will not operate. It is sensitive to the
direction of the current.
2.4
VIO
2.4.1
Description
The VIO is a Vital Indication Optoisolator. It is a Klippon rail mounted device. The module
has an identification label of "S-2000 J 1.1 xxV VITAL INDICATION OPTOISOLATOR".
Refer to drawing M08-559 for details of its physical aspects. xxV is either 12V for
monitoring 12 volt circuits or 50V for monitoring 50 volt circuits. Refer to drawing M08558/2 Circuit details.
CAUTION
A 12V VIO must never be used on 50 volt Vital Signalling Circuits.
Although a 12V VIO will work on a 50V DC circuit a failure of the 12V unit could result in
excessive current being drawn from the 50V circuit it is connected to.
All VIOs are clearly labelled with their working voltages on the main label of the unit and
on the left edge of the unit when viewed from the side.
2.4.2
Function
The VIO is used to monitor the state of an intermediate point in a Vital Signalling circuit
when it is not practical to do so by other means.
The VIO provides an isolation of greater than 10 KV between the indication circuit and the
Vital Signalling circuit. It is also designed so that the current drawn is less than half that
required to hold a BRB 930 series Safety Relay energised.
2.4.3
Operation
Terminals 1 and 2 monitor the Vital Signalling circuit. Terminal 1 is connected to the more
positive voltage than terminal 2.
Terminals 3 and 4 provide the indication of the state of the Vital Signalling circuit.
Terminal 3 is connected to the more positive voltage than terminal 4.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 28 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
For a 50 volt VIO terminals 3 and 4 conduct when the voltage across terminals 1 and 2 is
greater than 25 volts. Terminals 3 and 4 are high resistance when the voltage across
terminals 1 and 2 is less than 20 volts.
For a 12 volt VIO terminals 3 and 4 conduct when the voltage across terminals 1 and 2 is
greater than 8 volts. Terminals 3 and 4 are high resistance when the voltage across
terminals 1 and 2 is less than 6 volts.
2.4.4
Configuration and Set-up
The is no configuration or set-up except the appropriate volt unit is installed to the voltage
signalling circuit being monitored.
CAUTION
A 12V VIO must never be used on 50 volt Vital Signalling Circuits.
2.4.5
Troubleshooting
When the voltage across terminals 1 and 2 is less than 2 volts then the voltage across
terminals 3 and 4 should be equal to the voltage being switched on the indication circuit.
The indication circuit should be in the off state.
When the voltage across terminals 1 and 2 is close to the rated operating voltage (12V or
50V) the voltage across terminals 3 and 4 should be about 1.3 volts. The indication circuit
should be in the ON state.
In the case of the Flasher VIOs the circuit for terminals 3 and 4 is a 5 volt circuit (supplied
by the special flasher cable from Input 4 of the level crossing monitor). When the level
crossing lamps are off the voltage across 3, and 4 should be 5 volts. When the lights are
flashing the voltage across 3 and 4 should vary between 1 volt and 5 volts in sequence
with the flashing lamps.
If either of these cases is not correct then replace the unit.
Note:
2.4.6
Terminals 1 and 3 should always be more positive than terminals 2 and 4.
Replacement
Disconnect the wiring from terminals 1 to 4. The wires connected to terminals 1 & 2 are
connected to vital signalling circuits and the appropriate procedures must be followed for
modifications to vital signalling circuits. Make sure these wires are identified and will not
be shorted out. Unclip the VIO from the Klippon rail. Clip the replacement to the Klippon
rail. Terminate the wiring back on to terminals 1 to 4.
CAUTION
Ensure that the replacement unit is same voltage as the unit being
replaced. Ensure that a 12V VIO is not being used on 50 volt Vital Signalling
Circuit.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 29 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.5
Input Optoisolator
2.5.1
Description
TMG E1261
S-2000 D12/2.0 IIO. Dimensions are 315 mm (l) x 76 mm (w). The PCB is held in a
green plastic circuit board module with mounting feet which clip on to TS32 (Klippon) rail
or TS35 (DIN) rail. Identifying features of the board are:
4 x 8 way ( Green ) connectors
2 x 2 way ( Green ) connectors
Integrated circuits have a white coloured casing (4N35)
Row of 32 indicating LEDs
2 x D25 female connectors (labelled 'O/P 1' and 'O/P 2')
Refer to Drawing M08-731 for physical aspects, drawing M08-732 for the schematic
diagram of the input optoisolator, drawing M08-733 for circuit diagram of the input
optoisolator.
Refer to drawing M08-782 for an example of the input optoisolator circuit in operation.
Refer to drawing M08-861 for details of the cable between the main box and the input
optoisolator. Note that the resistor values have been changed for 12V to 15V DC volt
operation.
2.5.2
Function
The 12 volt Input Opto Board allows connection for up to 32 signalling inputs. The inputs
can be from 9 VDC to 20 VDC.
2.5.3
Operation
Inputs 1 to 16 from the signalling side (green 8-way connector side) are connected (via
the optoisolator circuits) to output pins 1 to 16 on the D25 connector labelled 'O/P 1'. A
cable plugs into this D25 connector to connect 16 inputs into the level crossing monitor
on Input 1. Similarly, inputs 17 to 32 are connected to output pins 1 to 16 of the D25
connector, labelled 'O/P 2'. A cable plugs into this D25 connector to connect 16 inputs
into the level crossing monitor on Input 2.
All 32 circuits are identical and have consecutive component numbering. Referring to
Drawing M08-782, the circuit operation is as follows:
When a voltage of between 9 VDC to 20 VDC is applied to input 1 on the 8-way
connector, a current flows across pins 1 & 2 of the 4N35 optoisolator (U1) and illuminates
the internal LED which turns on the internal phototransistor. This causes the LED (LD1)
to illuminate and pin 1 of 'O/P1' to be high (+5 VDC).
Similarly, when the voltage at the input is less than 3 VDC, no current flows across pins 1
& 2 of the 4N35 optoisolator (U1), the internal LED is extinguished and hence the internal
phototransistor is turned off. This causes the LED (LD1) to turn off and the voltage at pin
1 of 'O/P1' will be low (0 VDC).
A +5 VDC voltage is fed to the Optoisolator Board from the level crossing monitor via the
Cables. The Cable that is connected to 'O/P1' connector feeds +5 VDC to circuits 1 to 16
only. The Cable that is connected to 'O/P2' connector feeds +5 VDC to circuits 17 to 32.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 30 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Test points next to each O/P connector are used to verify that +5 VDC is present for each
group of 16 circuits.
Wires from the signalling circuits are terminated on the 8-way (green) connectors. A
positive voltage is switched onto a terminal via a relay contact, push-button or switch.
The terminal on the Input Optoisolator Board can be likened to the positive terminal of a
non-vital relay coil. The return path for the signalling voltage is via the bottom 2-way
(green) connector (labelled 'N24'). This is a common return for all 32 inputs.
The 2-way (green) connector at the top of the board (labelled 'B24') is a test point for fault
finding. It does not perform any function in the optoisolator circuit operation. B12 is only
wired to that point to give quick and handy access to a B12 test point to allow false
feeding of inputs during troubleshooting. If B12 is readily available elsewhere in the
location then this connection point does not need to be wired.
2.5.4
Troubleshooting
If there is no power supplied to the Input Optoisolator Board then all inputs are read by
the level crossing monitor as being 'off' (i.e. open contact).
Two categories of failures are examined, multiple failures on one board and single input
failures. The 'Multiple Failure' section identifies failure points that will most likely affect
more than one circuit. The 'Single Input Failure' section provides a comprehensive fault
finding procedure of one input circuit.
In the event that a multiple input failure is rectified by following the multiple input failure
procedure, the technician should then refer to the single input failure section.
2.5.4.1
Multiple Input Failures On One Board
If the all of the inputs are permanently OFF then the fault is most likely to be a power
supply or connector problem. Check that:
• The B12 fuse for the indications is intact and the LXMON B12 bus has the correct
pins in place.
• The N12 connection to the Input Optoisolator board is intact.
• The cables from the level crossing monitor to the Input Optoisolator board are
intact and securely connected.
• The 5 VDC to GND test points both have 5 volts.
Multiple permanently ON failures are not likely to be a fault with the Input Optoisolator
board. Check the cables for damage, and loose or damaged connections. Check Level
crossing monitor for correct operation and configuration.
If none of the above finds the problem double check, then replace the Input Optoisolator
board. If the problem persists then the level crossing monitor is at fault and needs to be
repaired or replaced.
2.5.4.2
Testing A Single Input
Each input may be corresponded into the level crossing monitor by connecting a PC (with
software) to channel B of the monitor and ensuring that the reporting of changes mode is
enabled. Now when any input changes state it will be immediately reported to the PC.
Function test the inputs by forcing them on and off. If an input remains OFF when it
should be ON go to 1. If an input remains ON when it should be OFF go to 2.
1
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
The input remains OFF when it should be ON
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 31 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
If the LED lights
The fault is not likely to be in the Input Optoisolator board. Check in the following
order until the problem is rectified:
Signalling side to ensure B12 is being switched to the input.
Possible faulty cable connection. Check connection at Input Opto board and level
crossing monitor case.
Possible damage cable. Check cable.
Possible faulty input on level crossing monitor. Replace level crossing monitor.
If the LED remains extinguished
The fault is in the Input Optoisolator Board. Check in the following order until the
problem is rectified:
Possible Input Optoisolator circuit fault. Replace the Input Optoisolator Board or
the individual IC. A replacement IC may be taken from an unused input.
Possible connection fault on the signalling side of the Optoisolator. Check the
voltage across the large 1 watt resistor (large brown component between the 4N35
and green 8-way connector labelled R1 to R32). If the voltage is less than 8 VDC,
then the problem is in the N24 connector. If voltage is present re-check
Optoisolator Board.
2
The input remains ON when it should be OFF
Re-check by removing the corresponding 8-way connector.
If the LED remains illuminated. Check in the following order until problem is
rectified.
Possible short on output of 4N35. Replace the Input Optoisolator Board or the
individual IC. A replacement IC may be taken from an unused input.
Possible damaged Cable. Test or replace cable.
Possible fault in Level Crossing monitor. Replace the level crossing monitor.
If the LED is extinguished
Check the 8 way connector and external signalling circuit for a short.
2.5.5
Replacement Procedure
To remove a board:
• Unplug the 2 and 8 way green connectors by pulling them directly outward from the
board.
• The Cables are removed by unscrewing the two thumb screw fasteners on each
D25 connector, then pull the D25 plug directly outwards.
• The Optoisolator board is removed by twisting the board off the Klippon rail. Twist
by pulling the board on the 'thick' side of the Klippon rail whilst holding the board on
the 'thin' side of the Klippon rail.
To install a board:
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 32 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
• Looking at the mounting feet on the base of the Opto board, one side has a square
hole running along the length of the board with a lip that extends to be in line with
the side of the board. This side goes toward the 'thick' side of the Klippon rail. The
other end has a clip which extends diagonally out from the base of the board. The
notch at the end of this clip is inserted into the edge of the rail at 'thin' end of the
Klippon rail. Position this notch on the rail first then clip the board into place by
pushing the board at the thick side onto the rail. Check that board is correctly in
place by lightly tugging the board (Do not twist the board).
• Plug-in the D25F connectors. The D25M plug on the Cables is connected into its
corresponding D25F connector ( 'O/P1' or 'O/P2'). Screw the thumbscrew
fasteners in to place. Ensure that the screws are not so tight as to distort the
plastic hood of the D25M plug (finger tight is sufficient).
• Plug-in the 2 and 8 way connectors into their respective sockets.
2.6
Output Optoisolator
2.6.1
Description
The 8 Way Output Optoisolator Board ('Output Opto') is used to control the battery test
and operate no fault and no warning relays if required. They are called Optoisolator
Boards since the main components on the board which electrically isolates one side from
the other are Optoisolators. An optoisolator is a 'chip' that uses an internal LED which
emits light to switch a phototransistor on.
The main functions of the output optoisolator boards are:
• To isolate the main box from any possible power surges encountered on the level
crossing supply (1500V isolation).
• To convert the output voltage levels of the main box (0 VDC, +5 VDC) to DC
voltage levels suitable for operating relays such as QBCA1 and HH23-PW.
The Output Opto Board allows connection for up to 8 signalling outputs. Each output is a
voltage free contact that can drive nominally 120 mA (E.g. a Q-type relay ).
Dimensions are 100 mm (l) x 76 mm (w). The PCB is held in a green plastic circuit board
module with mounting feet which clip on to TS32 (Klippon) rail or TS35 (DIN) rail.
Identifying features of the board are:
•
•
•
•
1 x 8 way ( Green ) connector and 1 x 2 way ( Green ) connector.
Integrated circuits have a black coloured casing (National/Matsushita AQV214)
Row of 8 indicating LEDs
1 x D15 Female connectors (labelled 'I/P 1' )
Refer to drawing M08-871 Layout., M08-872 Circuit, M08-873 cable.
2.6.2
Function
The Output Opto Board allows connection for up to 8 signalling outputs to be driven by
the Level Crossing Monitor. Each output is a voltage free contact that can drive nominally
120 mA DC (e.g. two Q-type relay or 5 LEDs). The Output Opto Board is protected
against back EMF and is suitable for driving relays directly without any additional
protection.
2.6.3
Operation
The level crossing monitor drives circuits 1 to 8 respectively through pins 1 to 8 of the
D15F connector. All 8 circuits are identical and have consecutive component numbering.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 33 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
When +5V is applied to pin 1 of the D15 connector, the indicator LED (LD1) is illuminated
and current flows across pins 1 & 2 of the AQV214H optoisolator (U1) and illuminates the
internal LED which turns on the internal phototransistor and enables the output. The
output is a voltage free contact (i.e. it can be likened to a relay contact). When enabled
the contact is closed and a 'short' exists across pins 5 & 6 of U1 (actually the resistance
between the pins is about 10 Ohms).
When 0 VDC is applied to pin 1 of the D15 connector, the indicator LED (LD1) is
extinguished and no current flows across pins 1 & 2 of the AQV214H optoisolator, the
internal LED is turned off and the phototransistor is turned off, so that the output of U1 is
disabled (i.e. an open circuit exists between the output pins).
Each output circuit can drive (nominally) up to 120 mA at voltages up to 120 VDC. This
means an output can drive, for example, a non-vital relay, two Q-type relays, up to 5
LEDs, or a sonalert.
This particular Output Optoisolator Board cannot switch AC voltages.
The 5 VDC is fed to the board via the Cable. Test points next to the connector is used to
verify that +5 VDC is present.
All of the '+' terminals of each individual output are bussed together and connected to the
B12 terminals.
The 8-way green connector has each of the 8 switched outputs for connection to the
control devices.
2.6.4
Configuration
There are no configurable items.
2.6.5
Troubleshooting
If there is no power supplied to the Output Optoisolator Board then all outputs are 'off'.
Two categories of failures are examined, multiple failures on board and single output
failures. The 'Multiple failure' section identifies failure points that will most likely effect
more than one circuit. The 'Single Output Failure' section provides a comprehensive fault
finding procedure of one output circuit. In the event of a multiple output failure is rectified
by following the multiple output failure procedure, the technician should then refer to the
single output failure section.
2.6.6
Multiple Output Failures On One Board
If the Outputs are permanently OFF then:
Confirm that the monitor is operating correctly and that the NO FAULT and NO
WARNING LEDs are lit on the monitor front panel.
The fault is most likely to be a power supply or connector problem. Check the LEDs on
the suspect circuit board.
If the LEDs are extinguished check:
Cable connection
Check the +5V to GND test point next to the D15 connector using a multimeter
Replace Output Opto Board
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 34 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Check cable for damage
Replace Level crossing monitor
If the LEDs are illuminated check
B12 power
Check that power is being switched to the output ( at lamp, relay etc.)
Replace output opto board
If the Outputs are permanently ON then
Check the LED on the suspect circuit board.
If the LEDs are extinguished check:
Replace Output Opto board
If the LEDs on the suspect circuits are lit check:
I/O Cable connection
Replace Output Opto Board
Replace Main Box
Check cable for damage
2.6.6.1
Testing a Single Output
Determine the expected state of the output. Compare the expected state with the state of
the LED in the Output Opto Board for the suspect circuit.
If the output is OFF when it should be ON and the LED is illuminated
The fault exists in the Output Opto Board or the signalling system. Check in the following
order until the problem is rectified
Check that power is being switched to the output device (i.e. check for blown lamp or fuse
etc.).
Check that the supply side of the contact has power if a positive switch wire (on '+'
terminal)
Replace Output Opto Board.
The Output Opto board can be double checked by removing the orange 8 way connector.
Place an Ohmmeter across the '+' and '-' terminals. If the reading is less than 15 Ohms,
then the circuit is OK. If the reading is a open circuit then the circuit is faulty, therefore
replace board (or you can try just replacing the AQV214H but ensure the orientation is
correct).
Replace the individual Optoisolator IC or the complete Output Opto Board.
The Output Opto board can be double checked by removing the orange 8 way connector.
Place an Ohmmeter across the '+' and '-' terminals. If the reading is less than 15 Ohms,
then the circuit is OK. If the reading is a open circuit then the circuit is faulty, therefore
replace board (or you can try just replacing the Opto Isolator chip AQV214H but ensure
the orientation is correct).
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 35 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
If the output is OFF when it should be ON and the LED is extinguished
The fault is unlikely to be in the Output Opto Board. Check in the following order until the
problem is rectified:
Double check inputs associated with this output. The output may be behaving correctly,
but there may be a faulty input giving the system the wrong information.
Check I/O Cable connections.
Check I/O Cable for damage.
Replace the main box.
The output is ON when it should be OFF and the LED is lit
The fault is unlikely to be in the Output Opto Board. Check in the following order until the
problem is rectified:
Double check inputs associated with this output. The output may be behaving correctly,
but there may be a faulty input giving the system the wrong information.
Check I/O Cable connections.
Replace associated I/O board.
Check I/O Cable for damage.
The output is ON when it should be OFF and the LED is extinguished
Possible short in the output circuit. Unplug the associated 8-way connector. If the output
turns 'off', then replace the Output Opto Board. If the output remains 'on', check 8-way
connector and signalling circuit for external short.
2.6.7
Replacement Procedure
a)
b)
Removal
i)
Unplug 8 and 2 way connectors by pulling outward from board.
ii)
Remove 15 way I/O cable by unscrewing thumbscrews then pulling
directly outward.
iii)
Remove Opto Board by twisting it off the Klippon rail. Pull on board at the
thick side of the Klippon rail while holding board a the thin side of Klippon
rail.
Installation
i)
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
Looking at the mounting feet on the base of the Opto board, one side has
a square hole running along the base of the board with a lip that extends
to be in line with the side of the board. This side goes toward the thick
side of the Klippon rail. The other end has a clip which extends diagonally
outward from the base of the board. The notch at the end of this clip is
inserted into the edge of the rail at the thin end of the Klippon rail.
Position this notch on the rail first then clip the board into place by
pushing the board at the thick side of the rail. Check that the board is in
place by lightly tugging on the board. Do not twist the board.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 36 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.7
TMG E1261
ii)
If the Opto is upside down, the green base of the Opto can be pulled
apart and the circuit board remove and inserted correctly.
iii)
Plug in the D15 connector. Tighten the thumbscrew to finger tight
ensuring the plastic hood does not distort.
iv)
Plug the green 8 and 2 way connector into there respective sockets.
Cables
The cable pin connections for all of the cables are specified in Specification 1071, Level
Crossing Monitor Hardware. Copies are also in Appendix C of this document.
The following are the Drawing numbers in Specification 1071 for the particular cables
used:
Level Crossing Monitor to Input Optoisolator (No 1)
M08-861
Level Crossing Monitor to VIOs (flasher cable)
M08-862
Level Crossing Monitor to 8 way Output Optoisolator
M08-873
Level Crossing Monitor Serial channel A to the Modem
M08-863
If a cable is suspected of being faulty then you should check both end connectors and
ensure that the cable are securely attached. The cable should also be checked for
physical damage.
If still faulty then the cable should be checked for continuity and for shorts. If a fault is
found then the cable should be replaced with a new one.
2.8
Modem
The modem must support the Hayes AT command set as its factory default. Besides the
configuration commands for the particular modem it must in particular support the ATH,
ATD, and ATZ commands which are used by the Level Crossing Monitor software in
handling the modem.
The modems used must either operate from the Level Crossing Battery supply or be
separately battery backed up so that the Level Crossing Monitor can report loss of the
Council Supply. 240V mains supply modems should not be used with any level crossing
monitor utilising remote battery testing from a Control Centre.
Only the Dataplex DPX-213 operates from a 10-20V DC supply. This modem and the
previously supplied DPX-223 are currently the only ones used at level crossing
installations.
All installations are to be fitted with a ACA approved surge protection device fitted to the
phone line. This is required to protect the modem from electrical storms and surges. The
recommended unit Model PF-6/S is available from Elsafe (KCC) Australia Pty Ltd
Ph: 02 9938 5799. Please specify when ordering that you require the unit with the 2
metre earth lead. This unit consists of a small box with a 1 metre long phone lead which
plugs into the phone socket. The modem plugs into the socket on the unit and the
green/yellow earth lead is connected to the earth busbar. This earth lead should be kept
as short as possible. The earth lead should be kept separate from other cables and
should not have excessive bends or kinks.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 37 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
A number of level crossing monitors and modems have been damaged by surges on the
phone line which could have been prevented with a suitable surge protection device on
the phone line.
Generally the configuration of the modem is set for the following features to operate
correctly with the level crossing monitor.
Recall the factory default settings.
Set the modem to autoanswer after 2 rings
Set carrier detect control to follow phone line data carrier, this is required to operate the
level crossing monitor correctly
Enable hanging up the modem using the DTR control line.
Disable response codes 7 & 8 so that the modem will not abort call if line is busy. (this
may be required with railway exchange/PABXs, put it in anyhow)
Disable flow control
Disable MNP error correction and data compression
Disable the echoing of commands back to the local terminal
Quiet mode, No echo
Save this new configuration to non volatile memory so that this configuration is
remembered even with the modem switched off.
Details of the cable that connects the modem to either a Personal Computer or to the
Level Crossing Monitor are given in drawing M08-863 Modem Cable.
Note that if the modem initialisation string is set correctly in the Level Crossing monitor
then the level crossing monitor, at start up automatically reconfigures the modem
connected to the A serial port.
Note Make sure the number ‘0’ is a zero and not a letter ‘O’ in the modem configuration
string.
2.8.1
DPX-223 Modem
For the Dataplex DPX-223 the following commands the following modem initialisation
string is required.
AT &F &C1 &D2 S0=2 Q1 E0 &E0 &K0 X2 &W
Serial port A is set for 9600bps to provide consistency.
2.8.2
DPX-213 Modem
For the Dataplex DPX-213 the following commands the following modem initialisation
string is required.
AT &F &C1 &D2 S0=2 Q1 E0 &E0 &K0 X2 &W
The DPX-213 modem requires the serial port A to be set at 9600bps. It will not
operate at 19200bps.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 38 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.8.3
TMG E1261
DPX-224 Modem
For the Dataplex DPX-224 the following commands the following modem initialisation
string is required.
AT &F &C1 &D0 S0=2 Q1 E0 B0 X0 &W
The DPX-224 modem requires the serial port A to be set at 1200bps or 2400bps.
2.8.4
Maestro Executive 144FM Modem
For the Maestro Executive 144FM the following commands the following modem
initialisation string is required.
AT &F &C1 &D2 S0=2 Q1 E0 &K0 %C0 \N0 T L1 &W0
Serial port A is set for 9600bps to provide consistency.
This modem should not be used with normal level crossing monitor installations as it
normally operates from 240V AC. This modem uses a 240V AC - 9 VDC plugpack to
power the modem. This modem may be able to be used with a level crossing monitor
installation by operating the modem off the sensor supply or off the level crossing battery
supply using a regulator unit.
2.8.5
Modem Replacement
If the modem answers and you are unable to communicate with the monitor then turn the
modem off, wait 5 seconds and then turn it back on. The modem is reconfigured by
ensuring the modem is plugged into serial port A and resetting the level crossing monitor
(resetting the monitor by turning it off and back on OR by pushing the reset pushbutton
on the I/O card).
If turning the modem off then on and re-configuring it does not correct the fault then
replace the modem.
Turn the power off to the modem via the switch on the back of the modem or by
disconnecting the connector. Disconnect the power leads, unplug the telephone line and
the serial cable. Re-connect the new modem taking special care with the polarity of the
power leads positive and negative. The positive lead has a red strip running down the
length of the wire.
Turn the new modem on via the switch on the back of it or by inserting the connector. Reconfigure the modem by resetting the Level Crossing monitor (red push button in the
middle of the I/O Board). Watch the modem. The TX data LED should flash when it is
reconfigured.
The Dataplex DPX-223 modems are no longer available new from Dataplex. The
DPX-213 (10-20V DC version) should be used as a replacement.
2.8.6
Other Brand Modems
Modem designs are changing at a rapid pace. Manufacturers are designing new features
into their modem products which may not be compatible with existing monitor/modem
installations. Not all modems are the same and their can be problems with connecting
different brand modems especially on the poor phone line encountered in country areas.
Please contact Signal Engineering for advice on different modems and possible
replacement modems.
Maestro Jetstream Series 3, Uses a Lcent Chip Set.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 39 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
AT & F & C1 & D2 S)=@ Q1 E0 %C0 \N0 X2 M0 S37=17 &W
Maestro Companion, uses a Rockwell Chip set.
AT & F & C1 & D2 S0=2 Q1 E0 %C0 X2 +MS=11,,,28800,,,28800 &W
Nokia GSM Card phone Modem (Serial port A is set for 9600bps).
AT & F S0=2 E0 Q1 +IFC=0,0 &W
or
AT & F S0=2 +CBST=7,0,1 +IFC=0,0 E0 Q1 &W
2.9
Telephone line
The telephone line is a normal telephone line. It may be tested by plugging in a normal
telephone, then using the phone to ring someone and receive a call. When talking listen
for any "noise" on the line. Excessive noise will prevent the modem from working
correctly. An indication of possible telephone line problems is when there seems to be a
high number of failed connections from a remote site.
2.10
Interface Relays and Timer
The following list contains the additional relays and timers required for the Level Crossing
Monitor installation: Refer to Appendix D for the specification sheets of the relays and
timers.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
a)
BATTERY TEST Relay: QBCA1 12V DC. This relay is a standard Q type relay
and is available from Logistics and other suppliers. The base must also be
ordered.
b)
TIMER TEST Relay: HH23PW-T 12V DC. This relay is a 11-pin relay with 3
changeover contacts, MI No:06600415. This relay and a matching base is
available from Logistics. The 11-pin base mounts onto DIN rail, MI
No:06600076.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 40 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
TMG E1261
Page 41 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
c)
TMG E1261
TEST CUT-OFF Relay: HG2-12-20 (HG2-DC12V, 20 Amp). This relay is
available from stores MI No: 06609119. This relay is also available from
Lawrence & Hansen Electrical Group. The matching base (HG2-SFD) and clips
for this relay must be purchased with the relay.
2
7
1
8
3
4
6
5
HG2-SF Base. Top V
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
d)
CUT OFF TIMER: NATIONAL PMH 10M 12V DC or OMRON H3CR-A8 12V
DC. The National timer relay is the preferred product. It is available from
Lawrence & Hansen Electrical Group. The OMRON unit is compatible but is
more expensive. The OMRON unit is available from BELL IRH. When buying
the timer a matching base with clips should be purchased, with the timer.
e)
AC SUPPLY Relay: HH23PW-T 120V AC. This relay is a 11-pin relay with 3
changeover contacts MI No:06600506. This relay , matching base and clips is
available from Logistic. The 11-pin base is MI No:06600076. Note that this
relay is not always required. Refer to item 2 for details of the HH23PW bases.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 42 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
2.11
TMG E1261
Battery test resistor
The requirements for the battery test resistor are: 1.5 – 1.7 ohm with an operating current
of 7.5 – 10A at 18VDC (approximately 150 Watts) for periods of 10 minutes at a time.
The battery test resistor can be made up by mounting 2 x 3.3 ohm 100 Watt resistors (RS
136-200) with heatsink compound (RS 554-331) to a 0.75 degree/Watt Heatsink (RS 400028). This heatsink will require self tapping screws to mount the resistors which use M4
bolts to connect a criped lug to the resistor terminal. Soldered connections should be
avoided as the cycle heating of the resistor will fatigue the solder joints. The two resistors
must be connected in parallel to give approximately 1.7 ohm resistance. This heatsink
gets hot during use and must be mounted clear of other equipment. Contact Signal
Engineering Services for further details.
A second alternative would be to use two 1ohm adjustable resistors in series (as used
with the Safeflash flasher unit for pairs of level crossing lamps). The resistors are
available from Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co. Australia. Safetran Part Number
029602-3X. The resistors should be adjusted to approximately 0.75 ohm each so that the
load is evenly shared between the two resistors.
A third alternative is to use a second hand AC track resistor with the two 3 ohm barrels
connected in parallel. Please leave the wiper connected as there have been a number of
cases were the 3 ohm barrels were in fact 4 ohm each giving a total resistance of 2 ohm.
This resulted in failed battery tests as the minimum load current of 6 amps was not
obtained.
2.12
Signage for Remote Battery Test Sites.
For level crossing installation where a Control Centre is initiating remote battery testing at
level crossings and there are no local crossing tests conducted by contractors or railway
staff then identification signage is required to be installed at the level crossing. The signs
shall be in accordance with SPC 521 ‘Level Crossing Identification Sign’, and SPG 0724.
The signs are to be installed facing the road traffic. The signs are to be visible from the
Stop point for motor vehicles using the level crossing in both directions. This requirement
may be satisfied by installing one or more signs on the level crossing hut wall or door.
If the hut is placed in a awkward position then the sign may need to be installed on a
separate post facing the road (i.e. facing 90 degrees to the track). In some cases it may
be necessary to install a sign on each side of the level crossing.
3
Systems Maintenance Program
3.1
Maintenance Tasks
3.1.1
Corrective Maintenance
Fault finding and fault rectification is discussed in section 5 on Fault Diagnosis and the
Operation and Functional Checks for each module in section 3.
3.1.2
Preventative Maintenance
Preventative maintenance is recommended once every 12 months and should consist of
the following:
• Observe the front LEDs for correct state and operation.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 43 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
•
•
•
•
•
•
3.1.3
TMG E1261
Check cables and wiring is intact and secure.
Check each module is physically okay and is not suffering from heat damage.
Listen to the phone line for noise.
Inspect a 48 hour period of the log for any anomalies
Check the accuracy of measured Battery voltage is within limits.
Check the 5 volt supply when measured on the 8 way Output Optoisolator test pins
is between 4.8 and 5.1 volts.
EPROM Replacement or Configuration Data Change
If the EPROM which contains the software is to be replaced or if new Configuration Data
is to be uploaded then a copy of the log must be taken before change is implemented.
This is because the new EPROM or Configuration Data may cause the log to be
unretrievable.
The EPROM is fitted in IC site U5 on the SCADA 2000 I/O Board. The power must be
turned off before an EPROM is removed or installed.
If the main box is marked Version 1.0:
a)
Remove the top cover by undoing the screws around the edge using a Number
1 Posidrive screwdriver.
b)
Location the EPROM IC site which is labelled U5. It is at the front of I/O Board,
a third of the way in from the left when looking down from the front of the main
box.
c)
The ADC board may have to be removed by undoing the phillips screw and
lifting it up.
d)
Remove the existing EPROM if one is fitted by using a IC extractor to grip both
ends and pulling up.
e)
The new EPROM must be inserted in the correct orientation. The notch on the
EPROM socket must match the notch on the EPROM. The pins on the EPROM
may have to be flattened first if the EPROM is being inserted without an
insertion tool.
f)
Align the EPROM and its pins to the socket.
g)
Push the EPROM down into the socket. Taking care not to bend any pins.
h)
Check the EPROM is orientated correctly and all pins are properly seated.
i)
Replace the ADC board if it was removed.
j)
Replace the top cover.
If the main box is later than Version 1.0:
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
a)
Undo the I/O Board securing screws and use the ejectors at either end of the
I/O Board pull the board half way out of the main box.
b)
Location the EPROM IC site which is labelled U5. It is at the front of I/O Board,
a third of the way in from the left when looking down from the front of the main
box.
c)
The ADC board may have to be removed by undoing the phillips screw and
lifting it up.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 44 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
d)
Remove the existing EPROM if one is fitted by using a IC extractor to grip both
ends and pulling up.
e)
The new EPROM must be inserted in the correct orientation. The notch on the
EPROM socket must match the notch on the EPROM. The pins on the EPROM
may have to be flattened first if the EPROM is being inserted without an
insertion tool.
f)
Align the EPROM and its pins to the socket.
g)
Push the EPROM down into the socket. Taking care not to bend any pins.
h)
Check the EPROM is orientated correctly and all pins are properly seated.
i)
Replace the ADC board if it was removed.
j)
Push the I/O Board all the way in and do up the securing screws.
Note:
3.1.4
TMG E1261
If power is applied to a board with the EPROM incorrectly inserted, it may
damage the EPROM or the I/O Board.
Interrogating the Monitor
The control, interrogation, and reporting facilities are provided via the RS232 serial ports
labelled channel A, and channel B. Normally a dial-up modem is connected to channel A.
Maintenance staff may perform the functions described below using a Personal Computer
and the Cerberus software.
Connect one end of the serial cable to a COM: port on the PC. Connect the other end to
Channel B on the Monitor.
3.1.4.1
PIN Numbers
The level crossing monitor uses 3 PIN numbers. These are known as the master,
operations, and maintenance PIN numbers. They are used to provide security on
important functions. They should only be revealed on a need to know basis.
The master PIN number is only used to set the operations and maintenance PIN
numbers.
The operations PIN number is used for the following commands:
•
•
•
•
Test Battery
Set phone numbers
Reset fault and warning
Set date and time.
The maintenance PIN number is used for the following commands:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Set battery offset
Clear log
Set lamp offset
Lamp learn
Set modem string
Reset monitor
The PIN numbers will be common for a Region and are available through the District
Signal Engineer or Signal Engineering, Technical Services.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 45 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
3.1.4.2
TMG E1261
Using the MS-DOS Program LX_MAINT
The dial-up modem is connected to serial channel A. Serial channel B is available for onsite maintenance staff. The maintainers PC is directly connected to the Level Crossing
Monitor serial channel B via a null modem serial cable. The cable must include loopbacks
on the Level Crossing Monitor end. These are DTR to CD, and RTS to CTS. See section
4.2 for further details of the cable required. Normally the PC end of the cable is plugged
into serial port COM2 of the PC.
The level crossing monitors are normally set-up for:
Serial Channel A
Serial Channel B
9600 bps
19200 bps
8 data bits
8 data bits
1 stop bit
1 stop bit
no parity
no parity
The functions available to a user are menu driven. Some menu items are protected by a
PIN number.
Method 1
a)
Power up the PC and plug the serial cable into serial port A or COM1: on the
PC and channel B on the Level Crossing Monitor.
b)
Move to the desired directory and type LX_MAINT and press the <enter> key.
c)
Press <enter> to clear startup screen.
d)
A menu will appear. Type 1 and press <enter> to select the Connect menu.
e)
Type 3 and press <enter> to Establish a connection with the level crossing
monitor.
f)
A response will be displayed that shows details of the particular Level Crossing
Monitor with which you have established a connection. If a error message
occurs then try the other method.
g)
Type ‘Q’ and press <enter> to return to the main menu.
h)
Use the menus to find and perform the required tasks.
Method 2
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
a)
Power up the PC and plug the serial cable into serial port A or COM1: on the
PC and channel B on the Level Crossing Monitor.
b)
Move to the desired directory and type LX_MAINT and press the <enter> key.
c)
Press <enter> to clear startup screen.
d)
A menu will appear. Type 1 and press <enter> to select the Connect menu.
e)
Type 1 and press <enter> to Set Serial Port on the PC.
f)
Type '1' to select serial port 1 (com1:) on the PC.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 46 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
g)
Type 9600 and press <enter> to change the bit rate.
h)
Press <enter> 4 more times to accept the other default serial port settings or
type in the required values. You should not have to change these settings.
i)
Type 3 and press <enter> to Establish a connection with the level crossing
monitor.
j)
A response will be displayed that shows details of the particular Level Crossing
Monitor with which you have established a connection. If a error message
occurs then try another method.
k)
Type ‘Q’ and press <enter> to return to the main menu.
Use the menus to find and perform the required tasks.
Screen Layout for LX_MAINT.
RSA Level Crossing Monitor
¦
Maintenance Terminal V1.14 ¦
------------------------------------------ ¦
¦
--- Main menu --¦
¦
1 - Connect menu
¦
2 - Lamp setup menu
¦
3 - Log / IO menu
¦
4 - Maintenance menu
¦
5 - Test level crossing
¦
6 - Send Config data
¦
7 - Get Config data
¦
¦
q - quit
¦
¦
¦
¦
¦
-------------------------------------------¦
000 Unknown
¦
NORMAL
¦
¦
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Select option :_
The screen is divided into 5 sections. These are:
• Top left is the program title and version number. You should have version 1.6 or
later.
• The second top left is the menu area. The current menu or set of choices is
displayed in this area.
• The third top left identifies the name and status of the Level Crossing monitor to
which you have currently established a connection. UNKNOWN is displayed if a
connection has not been established.
• The bottom line is the selection and prompt line. Normally what you type appears
on this line.
• The right hand side displays error messages and information retrieved from the
Level Crossing Monitor to which a connection is currently established.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 47 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Menus available
--- Main menu --1 - Connect menu
2 - Lamp setup menu
3 - Log / IO menu
4 - Maintenance menu
5 - Test level crossing
6 - Send Config data
7 - Get Config data
q - quit
--- Connect menu --1 - Set serial port config
2 - Dial crossing
3 - Establish connection
4 - Accept Status change
5 - Hang up
q - return to main menu
--- Lamp setup menu --1 - Do lamp learn
2 - Get lamp diagnostics
3 - Get lamp offsets
4 - Set battery offset
5 - Set lamp offsets
6 - Abort
7 - Pause
8 - Resume
q - Return to main menu
--- Maintenance menu --1 - Enable reporting
2 - Get id & status
3 - Get modem string
4 - Get serial port config
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 48 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
5 - Get status times
6 - Reset fault
7 - Reset monitor
8 - Set date/time
9 - Set name
a - Set phone numbers
b - Set pin's
c - Set serial port config
d - Set modem string
e - Test monitor
q - Return to main menu
--- Log /IO menu --1 - Log to screen
2 - Log to disk
3 - View log from disk
4 - Clear log
5 - Show IO names
6 - Get IO states
q - return to main menu
---Test level crossing -----Send Config data-----Get Config data---
3.1.4.3
Using the Windows Program CERBERUS
Details on using the CERBERUS program are given in it’s user manual and are not
repeated here. The connection between the PC and the level crossing monitor uses the
same null modem serial cable as described in the section below on Tools and
Maintenance.
Some facilities are protected by PIN numbers. These are:
• Engineering Mode access PIN number
• Remote Control Centre connection PIN number
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 49 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
3.2
TMG E1261
Tools and Maintenance
A number 1 posidrive screwdriver is required to remove the lid of the main box.
A 2.5 mm flat blade screwdriver is required to remove individual wires from the
connectors used on most modules in the system.
A multimeter is required for most fault finding.
A portable PC with a copy of the program LX_MAINT.exe is required.
A suitable 9 pin female to 9 pin female null modem serial cable with possibly a 25 pin to 9
pin converter if required for the PC. Note that the level crossing monitor end of the cable
needs a moulded plug with loopback for CD to DTR and RTS to CTS.
Null Modem cable connections
D9 Female (PC)
D9 Female (LXMON)
2 RX
↔
3 TX
3 TX
↔
2 RX
5 SG
↔
5 SG
↔ 4 DTR (loop
1 CD ↔ 4 DTR (loop
Back)
7 RTS ↔ 8 CTS (loop
Back)
7 RTS ↔ 8 CTS (loop
Back)
1 CD
Back)
The D9 Female connector at the level crossing monitor end requires a moulded (flush
fitting) connector if it is used with a V1.0 monitor. This is due to the recessed serial ports
used on the V1.0 monitor. The new V3.0 level crossing monitor does not have recessed
serial ports and can use D9 connectors with any type of backshell.
A 28 pin IC extractor for removing EPROMs.
3.3
Maintenance Instructions
Prior to conducting routine maintenance of the Level Crossing Signalling equipment the
Fault Reset button on the Monitor should be pushed and held for 5 seconds. This places
the level crossing monitor in maintenance disable mode. The Logic indication should be
flashing once per second which indicates that the monitor has had its reporting of status
changes disabled temporarily.
When in this state the monitor will not report changes of status to the Control Centre. It is
cancelled by a momentary push of the Fault Reset button or at pre-programmed interval
after activation. Normally this time-out is set at 45 minutes.
At the completion of the maintenance tasks all Faults and Warnings must be cleared
before cancelling this mode otherwise they will be reported to the Control Centre. The
maintenance disable state is cleared by a 0.5 second press of the Fault reset button.
When investigating level crossing faults and using the monitor it is important to download
the event log to disk before erasing/deleting the event log.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 50 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
3.4
TMG E1261
Incident Investigation
The following actions are to be taken in the event of an incident at a level crossing which
has an operational level crossing monitor:
4
a)
Do not disturb the monitor. Note the state of all indicators on the front panel of
the monitor.
b)
Make a physical inspection of the monitor and interface equipment.
c)
If the monitor is physically damaged priority is to be given to recovery of the
large DALLAS IC's in positions U6 and U7 on the SCADA 2000 A I/O Board. If
these IC's are recovered intact then the log may be retrieved and analysed by
Signal Engineering. The EPROM in U5 should also be retrieved if possible.
d)
If the monitor is undamaged and operating correctly than connect a portable PC
to the monitor and capture a full copy of the event log on the PC.
e)
Note the accuracy of the monitors time and date.
f)
Reset any alarms or warnings.
g)
Examine the log for the time of the incident.
h)
Perform any tests required to prove or disprove that the monitor is functioning
correctly. This may be best performed by repeating the commissioning tests.
i)
Check that both used and unused inputs and outputs are shown by the monitor
to be in their actual state. Inputs are to be corresponded to the monitor. This is
best done by enabling reporting changes on the appropriate serial channel and
watching the changes occur on the PC screen when the inputs states are
changed. Cause each input to change to both possible states in turn. This must
be done by energising or de-energising the relays etc. For example pull the
negative pin for the XR. Then restore it. Note that additional changes will occur
and the tests need to be structured to correspond each event.
j)
Confirm the battery voltage displayed by the monitor is correct within a
tolerance of +/- 0.30 volts. Measure the battery voltage at the battery terminals.
Then get the IO states from the monitor to find the monitors measured battery
voltage. Record these values and the battery offset.
k)
Note down the lamp offset voltages currently in use.
l)
Correspond the lamps This is best done by enabling reporting changes on the
appropriate serial channel and watching the changes occur on the PC screen
when the a lamp is removed or restored. Operate the crossing then correspond
one lamp from each lamp stand.
m)
Select lamp diagnostics mode. While the crossing is not operating, check that
no lamp diagnostic information is displayed for any lamp channel. While the
crossing is operating check that the correct number of lamps is reported at least
95% of the time. If not examine lamp adjustment, lamp types.
n)
Under no circumstances is the configuration of the monitor to be changed or
adjustments altered until the investigation is complete.
Fault Diagnosis
The following sections list fault conditions and the things to check for to identify their
cause.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 51 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
4.1
TMG E1261
General
Their are two processes for fault finding on the Level Crossing Monitors they are; with a
PC, and without a PC.
Fault finding with a PC normally consists of issuing a set of interrogation commands to
examine the monitors current status to find the problem or obtaining a copy of the event
log when the problem occurred and examining the log to determine the probable cause of
the problem. Fault finding using a PC can be conducted locally or remotely.
Fault finding without a PC can only be used to find a fault condition that is still current. It
consists of :
• Examining the front panel indications to check that they are as per Section 3.
• Note any Fault, or Warning condition.
• Examine the state of the inputs indicated on the Input Optoisolator and Battery
voltage to determine if they are the cause of the Fault, or Warning condition.
• Reset any Fault, or Warning condition using the large reset switch on the top right
hand corner of the front panel of the main box.
• If the Monitor returns to No Fault and No Warning then operate the crossing using
the Test switch. If the problem re-occurs then re-examine the input to determine
the cause of the problem.
• If their is a Lamp problem, check the lamps, and the voltage from the current
sensors when the crossing is operating (as per Section 3). This problem can only
be cleared after the monitor has detected the lamps operating correctly.
4.2
Faults reported by Operations
The codes that the Level Crossing Control Centre reports to Operators for a particular
level crossing have the corresponding meaning as per the following table. The report
includes name of the level crossing, date and time the problem occurred, and whether it
is a Fault or Warning.
Level Crossing Monitor, Status
Codes
Code 1
LAMP
Code 2
LOGIC
Code 3
SYSTEM
Code 4
BATTERY
Code 5
TEST
Code 6
COMMUNICATIONS FAIL
Code 7
SECURITY ALARM
Code 8
EMERGENCY SWITCHES
Code 9
No Train for 72 hours
Code 10
No Test for 36 hours
Code 11
Operating Too long
TRAIN DRAGGING EQUIPMENT
DRAGGING EQUIPMENT
Note 1:
Code 7 Security Alarm is intended to be an alarm on the location door. It is
optional.
Code reported by Operations
Note 2:
TRAIN DRAGGING EQUIPMENT alarm that detects Trains Dragging
equipment. It is optional.
The code 6 (Communications Fail) means that the modem, telephone line, or monitor
itself has failed.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 52 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
These problems are then diagnosed as per the other fault diagnosis sections.
4.3
Faults Detected during Maintenance
4.3.1
Monitor does not report a status change
Check that the monitor is operational.
Check it is configured to dial-up on status change.
Check the modem cable.
Check the modem configuration.
Check the modem.
Check phone line.
Re-configure the modem.
4.3.2
Changes are not appearing in the log
Check inputs fuse.
Check input optoisolator negative connection.
Check cables from the input optoisolator to the back of the monitor unit.
4.3.3
Lamp Learn does not complete within 40 seconds
Another symptom of lamp learn not completing is that Led 3 on the SCADA card stays
ON and the board has to be manually reset.
Check the flasher cable from Main Box Input port 4 to the SSF ZK and CSF ZK is
correctly installed.
Check that the SSF ZK and the CSF ZK are correctly installed and operating correctly.
Check that the XR input is operating correctly.
Check that the SS_LIGHT_ZK and the CS_LIGHT_ZK inputs are operating correctly.
These inputs are for the Emergency switches and should be ON when the lights are
operational.
4.3.4
Lamp Learn rejects the results
An example of lamp learn rejecting the results is as follows:
Run crossing for a minimum of 40 seconds to complete a lamp learn.
Start lamps now...
LAMP OFFSETS
Lamp Channel 2 SS_LAMPS Flasher UP Offset = 1.55
Accepted
Lamp Channel 2 SS_LAMPS Flasher DN Offset = 0.55
Accepted
Lamp Channel 4 CS_LAMPS Flasher UP Offset = -0.45
Accepted
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 53 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Lamp Channel 4 CS_LAMPS Flasher DN Offset = -14.45 Not Accepted
In the example above the CS_LAMPS (Country Side lamps) Flasher DN (Flasher Down,
i.e. the lamps operating when the flasher contact 12 and 13 are made) had an offset that
was outside acceptable limits and therefore rejected.
The lamp learn offsets are limited to greater than -10.0 and less than +10.0.
Negative offsets are due to lamp currents that are less than expected.
Positive offsets are due to lamp currents that are greater than expected.
Possible causes for large negative offsets are:
Fewer than expected lamps operating.
Calibration of the Current Sensors is not as per Section 3.3.4 of this manual.
The lamp circuit wire is fed through the current sensor in the wrong direction.
Lamp voltage is set too low.
The wrong type of lamp is installed (ensure only 10V 25 Watt lamps are used).
The Flasher is faulty such that it has a large voltage drop when turned ON.
Bad connection between a lamp and its base.
Bad connection in the lamp circuit.
Faulty current sensor.
Faulty main box or wiring from current sensor to the main box.
Possible causes for large positive offsets are:
Calibration of the Current Sensors is not as per Section 3.3.4 of this manual.
More than expected lamps operating.
Lamp voltage is set too high.
The wrong type of lamp is installed.
Faulty main box or wiring from current sensor to the main box.
4.3.5
Lamp problem detected while Crossing operating
Check correct number of lamps are operating, they are adjusted to the correct voltage
and they are the correct type.
Wrong number of lamps detected, intermittently or consistently.
Check the calibration of the Current Sensors is as per Section 3.3.4 of this manual.
Check the existing lamp offsets and make a note of them.
Perform a lamp learn.
If the lamp learn accepted all of the new offsets then compare them with the previous
offset values. If their is a difference of more 2 in any offset value then consideration
should be given as what has caused the change. The section Lamp learn rejects results
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 54 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
details those factors that affect the lamp offsets. Lamps offsets for FU (Flasher Up,
flasher contact 12 and 11 made), and FD (Flasher Down, flasher contact 12 and 13
made) should be within 2 counts.
If the lamp learn did not accept all of the new offsets then proceed as per the section on
Lamp learn rejects results.
Zero lamps detected on either the Country Side or Sydney Side lamp circuits.
Check flasher inputs and the CSF ZK and the SSF ZK VIOs. See Section 3.4.5 of this
manual.
Check the calibration of the Current Sensors is as per Section 3.3.4 of this manual.
Check Current Sensor output is in the correct range for the number of lamps as per
Section 3.3.3 of this manual.
Check the analogue inputs on the back of the monitor unit reflect the Current Sensor
outputs.
Check the configuration in the monitor is correct.
4.3.6
Lamp problem detected while Crossing not operating
Check the calibration of the Current Sensors is as per Section 3.3.4 of this manual.
Check that the link on current sensor is installed correctly for the site. Refer to section
3.3.5 of this manual for guidance on setting the link.
Check the XR input is operating correctly.
Check SS_LIGHT_ZK, and CS_LIGHT_ZK Emergency switch inputs for correct
operation.
If the Current sensor can not be calibrated then replace it.
If the monitor continuously detects lamps then check the voltage on the appropriate
analogue input when the crossing is not operating. It should be the same as that on the
current sensor output and less than 80 mV. If this is the case, then replace the main box.
If the problem is intermittent and is not solved by the suggestions given then refer the
problem to Signal Engineering, Technical Services.
4.3.7
Battery test does not work
Check no fault exists.
Check that the monitor passes the system test.
Check battery test timer is okay and set for the correct time length.
Check battery test relays operate in the correct sequence.
Check test cut off input.
Check battery test current sensor is correctly calibrated.
Check battery test current sensor output.
Check batteries.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 55 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
4.3.8
TMG E1261
Monitor indicates a Fault
Check the conditions which could cause a Fault These are detailed in section 2 for the
generic expressions. You should also check the expressions for the particular crossing.
Examine log to determine exact cause.
4.3.9
Monitor indicates a SYS Fault
Connect to the monitor with a PC and request System Test.
If the test failed due to one of EPROM error, CPU error, RAM chip U6 error, RAM chip
U7 error, or Expression error then replace the main box.
If the test failed due to a LOG error then copy all of the event log onto the PC, clear the
log and reset the I/O Board.
If the test failed due to SYSTEM fault not cleared then
• if the software version is prior to R3.3b then the cause may be due to the CLOCK,
BATTERY analogue input, an Expression error (also indicated by a flashing LED
1), or Faulty Battery test outputs.
• if the software version is R3.3b or later then the cause of the System Warning has
been cleared. Examine the event log to identify the probable cause.
Take the appropriate action for the probable cause.
If the test failed due to Clock stopped then reset the date and time and reset the I/O
Board. If the problem remains then replace the main box.
If the test failed due to Invalid Battery analogue input then use the Display IO states
command to check the battery voltage. If it is less than 1 volt or reading zero than the
ADC module is not working correctly. Check the internal +12V DC supply rail, check for
external shorts on the current sensor supply terminals, check internal wiring to the level
crossing monitor unit. If no faults are found than replace the ADC card or the entire
monitor.
If the test failed due to Faulty Battery test outputs then reset the I/O Board. If this clears
the problem then report its occurrence to Signal Engineering. If the problem remains then
replace the main box.
4.3.10
Monitor indicates a Warning
Check the conditions which would cause a Warning. These are detailed in section 2 for
the generic expressions. You should also check the expressions for the particular
crossing.
Examine log to determine exact cause.
4.3.11
Unable to communicate with the monitor locally
Check that the monitor Serial Port B and the PC serial port are set for the same speed
If unable to establish a connection with port B, try connecting to serial port A.
Confirm that LED3 on the I/O board is not lit. If LED3 is lit than the monitor may be trying
to report a status change or event change. Try resetting the monitor and attempt to obtain
communications and disable the reporting of status and event changes. If still
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 56 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
unsuccessful than try all possible combinations of serial port speeds on both serial port A
& B in case the serial ports were inadvertently set for the wrong speed..
4.3.12
Unable to communicate with the monitor remotely
Check that modem power lights are on and that all cables are connected correctly.
Check phone line using a plug in phone to check the line for operation and for noise.
Check serial port set-up for port A and that it is correct for the modem being used.
Turn monitor off then on with modem connected. This will re-initialise the modem.
4.3.13
LEDs on the SCADA card not behaving normally
Turn off the Monitor and turn it on again.
Check the 5 volt supply. Measurement on the Output Optoisolator test pins is the easiest.
If it is between 4.0 and 4.8 volts then turn off then monitor, remove the top cover, unplug
and re-plug the power supply connectors. If below 4.0 volts replace the main box.
If the 5 volt supply is okay and the problem persists then replace the main box.
4.3.14
Monitor restarting unexpectedly
The symptoms of this are START and STOP entries in the log and possibly the I/O board
has stopped operating with LED1 flashing (indicating too many restarts in the last 5
minutes)
Check the 5 volt supply. Measurement on the Output Optoisolator test pins is the easiest.
If it is between 4.0 and 4.8 volts then turn off then monitor, remove the top cover, unplug
and re-plug the power supply connectors. If below 4.0 volts replace the main box.
4.3.15
Clock stopped or showing invalid time
Reset the time. If this does not fix the problem then either replace the IC in U7 of the
SCADA board in the main box or replace the main box.
The cause is either due to power supply or pre version 3.3 software. Check the 5 volt
supply. Measurement on the Output Optoisolator test pins is the easiest. If it is between
4.0 and 4.8 volts then turn off then monitor, remove the top cover, unplug and re-plug the
power supply connectors. If below 4.0 volts replace the main box.
5
Installation
5.1
Circuit Design Considerations
5.1.1
General
A front (make, or pick) contact of each relay function which is readily available at the hut
is to be provided as an input to the Level Crossing Monitor.
If there is no spare front contacts for a particular relay then a back (break, or drop)
contact may be used instead. When a back contact is used then the expression data
must be altered to allow for the use of a back contact.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 57 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Additional buried cables to adjacent signalling locations are not normally cost justifiable to
provide the normal or additional inputs into the Level Crossing Monitor.
It is not desirable to use of the Level Crossing B12 or B15 supply for inputs outside the
Level Crossing Hut. This may however be accepted on a case by case basis.
Standard circuit sheet X015 details the types of inputs to be provided to the Level
Crossing Monitor and their preferred input numbers. It includes all the inputs for a double
line crossing with signals.
Inputs 1 to 8 should always be used for their nominated purpose and if the input is not
available then it should be left spare.
Inputs 9 to 12 should be used for any readily available Signals, Ground Frames, or Points
etc so that their operation may be logged.
Inputs 13 to 23 should always be used for their nominated purpose and if the input is not
available then it should be left spare.
Inputs 24 to 31 may be used for any purpose. The inputs detailed are a suggestion only.
It is normal for Country Level Crossings to have the DSPR on input 28, DSJR on input
29, DSJPR on input 30.
When applying Standard circuit sheet X15 to a particular Level Crossing the designer
must check:
When applying Standard circuit sheet X026 to a particular Level Crossing the designer
must check is their is a NO Charge relay provided with the Store 74. If there is not then
one needs to be provided.
5.1.2
Battery Test Outputs
Circuit sheet X14 shows the connections for the LX Monitor. The 8-way Output
Optoisolator terminals 1 & 8 are used to control the remote battery test. The outputs
switch to B12 to start a remote battery test. Both outputs are used instead of only one to
minimise the risk of a false remote battery test failing the battery.
5.1.3
Battery Test Relay
The Battery Test Relay is a Q type, 12 volt QBCA1. The heavy duty contacts of this relay
are designed to carry a DC current of at least 30A for a minimum of 10 seconds on a 50%
duty cycle. It is capable of breaking a current of 30A without damaging the relay. The
normal duty contacts of this relay are rated 18V- 250V Switching AC Inductive and 3
Amps continuous.
The heavy duty contacts place a load resistor across the level crossing battery, see sheet
X25. Two back contacts of this relay disconnect the STORE 74 Battery Charger for the
duration of the test. The Battery Charger will draw a maximum of 3 Amps which is well
below the current capacity of these two parallel back contacts. A front contact of this relay
is also fed into the LX monitor for detection purposes.
5.1.4
Non-Vital Timer
The Non-Vital timer circuit is shown on sheet X25 of the Standard Circuits. The CUT OFF
Timer is a delay ON timer set for 300 seconds. The unit is an industrial quality timer
designed for critical timing applications. It is used to stop the Battery test if the test
continues for significantly longer than the Battery test should last for. The CUT OFF
Timer de-energises the TEST CUT OFF Relay to stop the test.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 58 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
The CUT OFF Timer and the TEST CUT OFF Relay are tested by the Level Crossing
Monitor prior to a remote battery test.
The CUT OFF Timer is used as an independent control to prevent a failure of the Level
Crossing Monitor failing the Level Crossing Battery which would be a serious safety risk.
5.1.5
Test Load Resistor
The test resistor is required to draw a test current from the Level Crossing Battery.
Current practice for testing level crossing batteries is to operate the Test Switch for 2
minutes. This runs the crossing with the AC supply disconnected. The Battery voltage is
continually monitored by the Store 74 Alarm card and gives a indication if the battery
voltage falls below a preset level.
A 10 cell level crossing will draw approximately 15A for the duration of the 2 minute test
using the Test Switch box. A 12 cell level crossing draws approximately 23A for the
duration of the test. The equivalent ampere - hour drains on the batteries are 0.5AH for
10 cells and 0.76AH for 12 cells. The remote test of the Level Crossing Battery using the
level crossing monitor should provide a similar load test.
A 1.5 to 1.7Ω resistor is used as the Battery test load. Allowing for losses in wiring the
following maximum currents will be drawn.
Voltage
Number of
cells
Test
Resistance
MAX
Current
Require
d AH
Time
needed
15V
12 cells
1.5Ω
10A
0.76A
280
seconds
12V
10 cells
1.5Ω
8A
0.50A
225
seconds
A remote test duration of 5 minutes was chosen as an adequate test time.
5.2
Equipment Installation
Signalling wiring 7/0.4 should be terminated with red bootlace ferrules. Either a Cable
Accessories BLP 100, a Klippon 901908, a Wago 216-203, or a Phoenix 3200030. The
Cable Accessories HNKE4, and Klippon PZ4 crimp tools are suitable.
The main box is normally secured to the top of the relay rack. It is designed to be
mounted horizontally but may be mounted vertically. Space should be left above the
main box so that the top cover can easily be removed.
Current sensors, VIOs, input optoisolators, and output optoisolator are mounted on DIN
rail. The modem is typically sat on the monitor box. The cables are laid in the cable ducts
and the screw locks at both ends screwed up.
The wire run through the current sensors must be run so that the direction of +ve current
flow is in the direction marked on the current sensor. The current sensors will not work if
the current flow through the sense wire is in the wrong direction.
The battery test load resistor generates a significant amount of heat while a battery test is
being conducted. Therefore space must be left above the resistor so that relays etc
mounted above the resistor are not damaged over time by the heat generated.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 59 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
5.3
TMG E1261
Hardware Configuration
Refer to the level crossing monitor block diagram in Appendix C and drawing X14 - X26 &
X49, X50 of the Standard Circuits or the particular circuits for the level crossing.
The hardware comes preconfigured in regard to links. These may be checked by referring
to the relevant parts of Section 3.
The generic data must be customised for the particular Level Crossing. The configuration
data must be uploaded to the monitor. This process is detailed in Section 7.
5.4
Commissioning Procedure
This section describes the commissioning procedure. Details of the commissioning
activities are recorded on a copy of the Level Crossing Monitor - Test and Commissioning
form. This form is provided in Appendix B and is to be followed in order while
commissioning the level crossing monitor.
Before turning on power on to the Level Crossing Monitor the links must be set as per
section 3.2.2.3. The test form identifies links that may not have been set correctly. These
must be checked and set correctly especially Link 12-13 which is positioned near the
front of the I/O board near the push button reset switch.
Check wiring, connectors and that the correct version EPROM is fitted for the level
crossing. It is important to check the correct polarity of the power.
Turn power on and check that the LEDs on the monitor behave as described in section
3.1. It does take 2 seconds or 3 seconds before LED 4 starts flashing. This is due to the
time taken to perform self tests. At start up a System Fault will be indicated since there is
no Configuration Data in the memory of the level crossing monitor.
Connect a PC running one of the level crossing programs (LX_MAINT or Cerberus) to
serial channel B. The serial cable plug into COM2: on the PC and Channel B on the
monitor.
Start the PC program and use the menus to Establish communications with the monitor.
It is possible for a new monitor at startup to be in a state where it is continuously trying to
report changes of state. This is indicated by LED 3 on the I/O card being lit. This reporting
of changes of state must be disabled before others commands will be accepted.
Set the Pin numbers. To do this you need to know the Master pin number. The operations
pin number required, and the maintenance pin number required. These may be obtained
from Signal Engineering or the District Signal Engineer.
After the pin numbers are set it is time to send the expression data (configuration data).
See sections 7.2 & 7.3 for details on how to prepare this data to create the binary (.bin)
file.
Select the option Send Config data. This option is selected to upload the previously
compiled expression data. The compiling of this expression data is described in another
section of this manual. After entering the pin number you then must enter the file name of
the expression data. This file has a .bin extension and would normally be in the same
directory as the LX_Maint program or Cerberus program. After the upload is complete the
level crossing monitor is ready to be commissioned and tested.
Get the monitors ID and Status. Using this information record the Data details, Code
version, and Crossing number.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 60 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Set the name using the menus.
Set the date and time using the menus and the operations pin number.. You must always
set the date and time even if it is correct as their may be some change in the way in
which the clock is dealt with between software versions.
Clear the log using the menus and the maintenance pin number. The System Fault
should clear.
Using the menus request a System test.
Reset the monitor to ensure the oldest event in the log has the correct date and time.
Display the Input information. Check that the names for each used input bit correspond
with the circuit book. Check that the input states are as expected.
Display the Output information. Check that the names for each used output bit
corresponds with the circuit book and the ".io" configuration data file. Check that the
output states are as expected.
Display the Intermediate terms information. Check that the names correspond with the
".io" configuration data file. Check that the intermediate states are as expected.
Display the Timer information. Check that the names correspond with the ".io"
configuration data file. Check that the timer states and lengths are as expected.
Display the analogue data. Check that the information corresponds to both the ".exp"
configuration data file and the circuit book. Check that the information reflects the current
expected state.
Check and adjust battery charger. A additional load of approximately 1.0A is required to
power the level crossing monitor and the modem. This additional load may result in not
enough trickle charge current for the level crossing battery. Approximately 100 mA to
300 mA of trickle charge current is required (measured with a current gun) into a fully
charged level crossing battery. The battery charger voltage may need to be increased.
Check the current sensor output voltages when their is no current flowing through the
measured circuit. The voltages should be in the range of 50 mV to 110 mV. If they are not
then set them correctly as per section 3.3.
Check that both used and unused inputs and outputs are shown by the monitor to be in
their expected state. Inputs are to be corresponded to the monitor. This is best done by
enabling reporting changes on the appropriate serial channel and watching the changes
occur on the PC screen when the inputs states are changed. Cause each input to change
to both possible states in turn. This must be done by energising or de-energising the
relays etc. For example pull the negative pin for the XR. Then restore it. Note that
additional changes will occur and the tests need to be structured to correspond each
event.
Make sure that the lamps are correctly adjusted and all are operating correctly. Then
place the monitor in lamp learn mode and operate the crossing by pulling the pin for the
XR circuit or XT track relay. Record the learnt lamp offset values. Lamp learn should not
be done using the TEST Switch as this turns off the battery charger and is not the normal
case. The lamp learn takes approximately 40 seconds to complete. If the lamp learn does
not accept all the offsets then proceed as per Section 5 Fault Diagnosis.
Confirm the battery voltage displayed by the monitor is correct within a tolerance of +/0.30 volts. The level crossing monitor will display slightly less voltage than the crossing
B12 busbar due to voltage drops on the cable and connectors supplying the 12V for the
monitor. This is corrected using the set battery offset command. Measure the battery
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 61 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
voltage at the battery terminals. Then get the IO states from the monitor. Record these
values and the battery offset. The battery offset is changed to correct the displayed
voltage.
Set the phone numbers for the level crossing Control Centre. Enter the dial up phone
number with commas to add pauses to allow time for the dial tone to sound before the
number is dialled. The default dialling is tone dialling. If the phone line being used only
works with pulse dialling then add the letter 'p' to the start of the phone number.
e.g.
tone dialling
,063,337316
pulse dialling
p,063,337316
Correspond the lamps This is best done by enabling reporting changes on the
appropriate serial channel and watching the changes occur on the PC screen when the a
lamp is removed or restored. Operate the crossing then correspond one lamp from each
lamp stand.
Test and confirm that the expression data is correct for any non-generic expression by
function testing them.
Select lamp diagnostics mode. While the crossing is not operating, check that no lamp
diagnostic information is displayed for any lamp channel. While the crossing is operating
check that the correct number of lamps is reported at least 95% of the time. If not
examine lamp adjustment, lamp types, and retry lamp learning.
Set modem initialisation string as per the form and reset monitor with the modem
connected and turned on.
Ensure both serial ports for the monitor are set at the correct values.
Use a phone on the telephone line to make a test phone call. Paying attention to any
audible noise on the line. If the line is noisy have Telstra fix the line.
Use the menus to enable reporting of status changes for serial channel A. (only if level
crossing monitor is reporting to a Control Centre)
Use the menus to enable maintenance disable of reporting for serial channel A.
Perform a battery test using the operations pin number and measure the test current
using a tong meter.
Cause a battery fault by pulling out the Alarm relay on the alarm card in the battery
charger. Confirm that this fault status is correctly reported to the Control Centre. Restore
the alarm relay and reset the battery charger alarm card. Press the Fault Reset push
button on the front of the front of the monitor. Confirm that this normal status is correctly
reported to the Control Centre.
As a final check visually confirm and verify with the XR circuits that the TEST SW ZK VIO
is the correct voltage type and that it is correctly marked in the circuits.
Check to confirm that the monitor case is isolated from the B12 and N12 supplies. This is
done as an additional check against manufacturing defects or installation problems.
Get a copy of the log from the monitor. Examine the log to confirm that it contains an
accurate record of the events on the crossing during the commissioning period with no
anomalies or spurious events. Unexplained event or problems must be investigated and
corrected.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 62 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
One week after commissioning a copy of the log from the monitor. Examine the log to
confirm that it contains an accurate record of the events on the crossing during the
commissioning period with no anomalies or spurious events. Unexplained event or
problems must be investigated and corrected.
6
Data Configuration
6.1
Configuration Data Description
6.1.1
Scope of data
Configurable items that need to be defined are:
• Name and date of the permanent configuration data.
• For each digital input, its name.
• For each digital output, and intermediate state, their name and controlling Boolean
expression.
• For each Timer its name, controlling Boolean expression, and duration in hours,
minutes, and seconds.
• For the battery analogue input, its name, fail voltage, and bus voltage correction.
• For each lamp analogue input, its name, analogue channel number, number of
lamps expected on flasher up, number of lamps expected on flasher down, flasher
input, and a intermediate state that identifies when the lamps should be on.
• For the battery test current analogue input, its name, analogue channel number, on
current in amperes, off current in amperes.
• Crossing Identification number
• Input/Output configuration. Note that this is not normally changed.
6.1.2
Permanent Configuration data syntax
The configuration data is detailed in three separate text files which have a common file
name and one of the following extensions.
The I/O listing file has the extension ".io". The Configuration file has the extension ".cfg".
The expression file has the extension ".exp".
6.1.2.1
Comments
Anything following a ";" character on a line of text is treated as a comment and is ignored.
Note that a line of text is terminated by a return.
6.1.2.2
Variable names
Valid characters for variable names are:
•
•
•
•
upper and lower case letters,
numbers,
and the following characters ( ) . _ - / *
Variable names can not include white space characters like tabs and spaces. If a
space is desired in a name then it is recommended to use the underscore
character "_" instead.
Variable names can be up to 20 characters long and are case sensitive.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 63 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
6.1.2.3
TMG E1261
Variable Types
The level crossing monitor supports the following variable types:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Input
Output
Intermediate
Special Intermediate
Timer
Special Timer
Lamp
Battery
An input variable directly reflects the state of a digital input.
An output variable directly reflect the state to which a digital output is set.
An intermediate variable is an internal state of the level crossing monitor which is
controlled by a logical relationship of inputs and outputs.
A special intermediate variable is an internal state of the level crossing monitor which is
directly controlled by or is used by the level crossing monitor software.
An timer variable is an internal state of the level crossing monitor which is controlled by a
logical relationship of inputs and outputs and the length of time the state is maintained.
An special timer variable is an internal state of the level crossing monitor which is
controlled by a logical relationship of inputs and outputs and the length of time the state is
maintained and is directly used by the level crossing monitor software.
A Lamp variable reflects the state of the level crossing highway lamps.
A Battery variable reflects the state of the level crossing battery.
6.1.2.4
I/O List
The I/O list is a text file that lists each variable, allocates is I/O bit and declares its types.
Inputs and Outputs are declared in the form:
•
name board bit
where
name
is the input or output variable name.
board
is 0 for all level crossing monitors.
bit
is in the input or output bit number.
Intermediate variables are declared in the form:
*name1
*name2
where
*name1 is the variable name of the first intermediate variable.
*name2 is the variable name of the second intermediate variable.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 64 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Note that the order in which Intermediate variables are declared sets their number.
Special intermediate variables are declared first, and must not be changed by anyone
who does not have a detailed knowledge of the level crossing monitor software.
Timer variables are declared in the form:
*name1 T
*name2 T
where
T identifies the variable as a timer variable.
*name1 is the variable name of the first timer variable.
*name2 is the variable name of the second timer variable name.
Note that the order in which Timer variables are declared sets their number. Special
Timer variables are declared first, and must not be changed by anyone who does not
have a detailed knowledge of the level crossing monitor software.
The Battery variable is declared in the form:
*name B
where
B identifies the variable as a Battery variable.
*name is the variable name of the Battery variable.
The Lamps variable is declared in the form:
*name L
where
L identifies the variable as a Lamp variable.
*name is the variable name of the Lamp variable.
6.1.2.5
Configuration
The configuration of input and outputs is set-up in the ".cfg" file. This only exists for the
Level Crossing Monitor to maintain consistency with the Telemetry systems which share
the same data generation program.
It contains one, one line entry of the form:
ss bb cccccccc
where
ss
is the station number, this is normally 01.
bb
is the board number, this is normally 01.
cccccccc
is the IO configuration for each word of the board. Starting at input word one,
which contains bits 1 to 8 and finishing on word 8, which contains bits 57 to
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 65 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
64. An I configures the word as Inputs, and an O configures the word as
outputs. The standard value for this is "IIIIIIIO".
For example a normal configuration file will contain:
; station board_address BOARD CONFIGURATION
;
01 01 IIIIIIIO
6.1.2.6
Expression data name
The expression data name is the first non-comment line in the ".exp" configuration data
file. The first 40 characters of this line appear in the Level Crossing monitor EPROM.
They are used to identify the configuration data in use by a particular level crossing
monitor.
The first non-comment line of the ".exp" file must be the Level Crossing name and the
date of the last alteration to the particular configuration data files. The normal format is
“000 Generic, Generic Rd 000.00 07/09/94”.
Where :
000
is the Level Crossing ID number.
Generic, Generic Rd
is the Location and Road name.
000.00
is the Kilometreage.
07/09/94
is the date
Refer to Section 7.3 Customising Generic expressions for details of the allocation of
Level Crossing ID numbers.
6.1.2.7
Boolean Expressions
Boolean expressions are combinations of logic operations on Boolean variables. Boolean
variables may have either of two values or states. One of these states is called TRUE,
ON, or 1. The other state is called FALSE, OFF, or 0.
In relay terms TRUE is equivalent to UP, and FALSE is equivalent to DOWN.
The level crossing monitor uses Boolean expressions to derive different logic states of
the level crossing in order to determine the whether or not the level crossing is operating
correctly.
There is a direct correspondence between relay circuits and Boolean expressions. The
Boolean expressions will be related to relay circuit as a way of describing their operation.
6.1.2.7.1
AND Operator
The logical AND operation is represented by the "&" character.
Examples of logical AND operations are as follows:
Either as relay logic by:
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 66 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
or as a Boolean expression
C=A&B
C will only be true when both A and B are true.
6.1.2.7.2
OR Operator
The logical OR operation is represented by the "+" character.
Examples of logical OR operations are as follows:
Either as relay logic by:
or as a Boolean expression
C=A+B
C will be true when either A or B are true.
6.1.2.7.3
NOT Operator
The logical NOT operation is represented by the "!" character.
Examples of logical NOT operations are as follows:
Either as relay logic by:
or as a Boolean expression by:
C = !A
C will be true when A is not true.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 67 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
6.1.2.7.4
TMG E1261
Combinations of logic Operations
The logical operators AND, OR, and NOT can be combined using brackets [, and ] to
form any required Boolean expression.
An example of a combinational logical operations is:
Either as relay logic by:
or as a Boolean expression
D = [!A + B] & C
D will be true when C is true and [ A is not true or B is true].
6.1.2.8
Steady result expression
Intermediate variables and Output variable are controlled by steady result expressions.
These variables become TRUE (or ON) when the steady result expression controlling the
variable becomes TRUE. The variables become FALSE (or OFF) when the steady result
expression controlling the variable becomes FALSE.
Steady result expressions have the following format:
x=y
where
x is variable which was declared in the IO list as either an Intermediate or an Output.
= identifies the expression as being a steady result type of expression.
y is a Boolean expression as described previously.
6.1.2.9
Timer expression
A timer variable becomes TRUE when the expression that drives the timer has been
TRUE for the length of time that the timer is set for. The timer variable becomes FALSE
immediately that its expression becomes FALSE.
Timer expressions have the following format:
x =T Ah Bm Cs y
where
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 68 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
x is a internal variable which was declared in the IO list as a Timer.
=T identifies that it is a Timer expression.
Ah is length of the timer in hours. A is the number of hours in the range of 0 to 255 and h
identifies that A is the number of hours. Ah is optional when the timer length is less than
one hour.
Bm is length of the timer in minutes. B is the number of minutes in the range of 0 to 59
and m identifies that B is the number of minutes. Bm is optional when the timer length is
less than one minute.
Cs is length of the timer in seconds. C is the number of seconds in the range of 0 to 59
and s identifies that C is the number of seconds. Cs must always be declared even when
C is 0.
y is a Boolean expression as described previously.
Example Timer Expressions:
; Check that a local or remote test of LX is done within 36hrs of previous test
*NO_TEST =T 36h 0m 0s !BATT_TEST_OP & TEST_ZK
; Check AC supply
*AC_SUP_WAR =T 6h 30m 0s !AC_SUPPLY
; warn if AC supp out longer than 6hrs 30 min
; Low battery timer
*LOW_BATT_TIMER =T 3s !BATT_ALARM_CARD + *BATT_LOW
; time delay before low batt
6.1.2.10
Lamp expression
A lamp expression is used to configure the system with the analogue channel a particular
set of level crossing lamps are being monitored by, the number of lamps expected when
the flasher is in the UP position, the number of lamps expected when the flasher is in the
DOWN position.
Lamps expressions have the following format:
x =L A B C u
where
x is a internal variable which was declared in the IO list as a Lamp.
=L identifies that it is a Lamp expression.
A is the analogue channel in the range of 1 to 7 that is used to monitor the particular set
of lamps. Typically Channel 2 is used for the Sydney side lamps, 4 is used for the
Country side lamps, 3 is used for the Sydney side tip lights for booms, and 5 is used for
Country side tip lights for booms.
B is the number of lamps expected when the lamps are operating and the flasher is in the
UP state. The number must be in the range of 0 to 4. This is the number of lamps when
a steady set of lamps is being monitored.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 69 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
C is the number of lamps expected when the lamps are operating and the flasher is in the
DOWN state. The number must be in the range of 0 to 4. This is zero when a steady set
of lamps is being monitored
u is an Input variable which corresponds to the state of the Flasher used for the set of
lamps. If the particular set of lamps are not flashed, that is a steady lamp like the tip
lamps on booms, then they are identified by using the word "STEADY" instead of the
name of a flasher input.
Example Lamp Expressions:
; Lamps Expressions
; analogue channel number, num lamps flasher up, num lamps flasher down,
; flasher input name
*SS_LAMPS =L 2 2 2 FLASH_SYD
*CS_LAMPS =L 4 2 2 FLASH_COU
*SS_TIP =L 3 1 0 STEADY
*CS_TIP =L 5 1 0 STEADY
6.1.2.11
Battery expression
A battery expression is used to configure the system with the battery alarm voltage, a
battery offset voltage, the analogue used to monitor the battery test current, the battery
test current in amps required for the battery test, and the no battery test current threshold
in amps.
There can be only one Battery expression for each level crossing. Battery expressions
have the following format:
x =B A B C D E
where
x is a internal variable which was declared in the IO list as a Battery.
=B identifies that it is a Battery expression.
A is the battery alarm voltage in volts. Typically this is set at 11.7 volts for a flashing light
level crossing, and 14.1 volts if booms are fitted. The voltage is a real number and must
be in the range of 7.0 volts to 18 volts. These alarm voltages are set 0.5V less than the
battery charger alarm card.
B is the battery offset voltage in volts. This is used to correct for the voltage drop between
the Level Crossing monitor and the Level Crossing Bus. Typically this value is 0.16 volts.
The voltage is a real number and must be in the range of 0 volts to 0.5 volts.
C is the analogue channel used to monitor the battery test current. The number must be
in the range of 1 to 8. Typically channel 8 is used.
D is the required battery test current in amps. This is the current that must be maintained
through the battery test load for the duration of the battery test. Typically this is set at 6.0.
It is a real number and must be in the range of 5.0 to 20.
E is the value below which the battery test current in amps is checked to be whilst a
battery test is not being carried out. A value of 0 is not normally suitable due to problems
with the Analogue to Digital Converter used, and the Current Sensor used. Typically this
is set to 1.0 amps. It is a real number and must be in the range of 0 to 2.0.
Example of a Battery Expression:
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 70 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
*BATTERY
6.1.2.12
TMG E1261
=B 11.7 0.16 8 6.0 1.0
Analogue expression
A analogue expression is used to configure analogue inputs for general purpose logging.
It details the type of measurement the analogue channel is being used for, its channel
number, the scale for the input, and the percentage change to log.
Analogue expressions have the following format:
*x =A A B C D
where
*x is the name used for the analogue channel.
=A identifies that it is an Analogue expression.
A is the analogue channel number for the this expression.
B is the type of measurement the analogue channel is being used for. This is VOLTS for
voltage measurements, AMPS for current measurements, and TEMP for temperature
measurements.
C is the scale factor used for displaying the measure value. The measured value is
scaled so that it is in the range of 0 to the scale number. The scale number must be in the
range of 1 to 255. Typically it will be 5, 20, 50, or 100.
D is the percentage change required between the current measured value and the
previously measured value for the current value to be logged. This must be in the range
of 2 to 50 percent.
Examples of Analogue Expressions are:
*VOLTAGE =A 5 VOLTS 5 2%
*CURRENT =A 6 AMPS 20 3%
*TEMPERATURE =A 7 TEMP 100 5%
6.1.3
Variable configuration data
Configurable items that can be changed during normal operation and their purpose are
detailed in this section. These values are set during Commissioning and are checked by
the Control Centre during either a Status check, or a Battery test.
These settings can be inspected using the Get information and status, Get serial port
configuration, Get Lamp offsets commands.
Level Crossing Name
39 characters which identify the Level Crossing. Normally
Placename, Streetname St.
Date & Time
The current date and time.
Number Monitor Dials
19 characters which give the normal phone number in
Hayes AT command format, that the monitor dials to
report a status change. These are the digits 0 to 9, and
dial modifiers ‘,’ for a pause, ‘P’ for pulse dialling, and ‘T’
for tone dialling. It is recommended to always start the
number with a pause.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 71 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Alternate number
19 characters which give the alternative phone number in
Hayes AT command format, that the monitor dials to
report a status change. These are the digits 0 to 9, and
dial modifiers ‘,’ for a pause, ‘P’ for pulse dialling, and ‘T’
for tone dialling. It is recommended to always start the
number with a pause.
Report Changes PortA
Either ENABLED or DISABLED. If ENABLED the monitor
reports any changes of state via serial port A. It is
cancelled by loss of Carrier Detect (CD), or the abort
command.
Report Changes PortB
Either ENABLED or DISABLED. If ENABLED the monitor
reports any changes of state via serial port B. It is
cancelled by loss of Carrier Detect (CD), or the abort
command.
Dial on fault PortA
Either ENABLED or DISABLED. If ENABLED the monitor
report any changes of status to either the normal or
alternate phone numbers via the modem connected to
serial port A.
Maintenance Disable
Either ENABLED or DISABLED. If ENABLED the
maintainer can temporarily disable the Dial of Fault via a
5 second press of the Reset Fault and Warning button
while maintenance is carried out.
Battery offset
An offset in the range of 0.0 to 0.5 volts to correct the
battery voltage read by the monitor. Nominally 0.16. The
value displayed may not be the same as the value
entered due a conversion in the monitor software for the
A to D. If the value is changed it will be lost when the
monitor restarts and the original fixed value is read from
EPROM.
Modem initialisation string
This holds the configuration string for the particular
modem. It may be up to 49 characters long. Refer section
3.8 for details of typical modem initialisation strings.
Operations pin number
5 characters. Normally digits. It is used to protect certain
functions.
Maintenance pin number
5 characters. Normally digits. It is used to protect certain
functions.
Serial port set-up port A
This is the configuration of the RS232 serial port A. It is
always 8 data bit, No parity, and a bit rate. The serial
protocol used requires that it is 8 data bits. AT compatible
modems will not handle parity with 8 data bits. The bit
rate is one of 1200, 9600, and 19200. Normally set for
9600.
Serial port set-up port B
This is the configuration of the RS232 serial port B. It is
always 8 data bit, parity, and a bit rate. The serial
protocol used requires that it is 8 data bits. Parity is Odd,
Even, or None. None is normally chosen. The bit rate is
one of 1200, 9600, and 19200. 19200 is normally set.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 72 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
Lamp Offsets
6.2
TMG E1261
The lamp offset is used to compensate for variations in
the lamp currents at particular locations. On each lamp
circuit their are two values. One labelled FU (Flasher Up,
flasher contact 12 and 11 made), and one labelled FD
(Flasher Down, flasher contact 12 and 13 made). The
lamp learn offsets are limited to greater than -10.0 and
less than +10.0. Negative offsets are due to lamp
currents that are less than expected. Positive offsets are
due to lamp currents that are greater than expected. Both
FU and FD values should be within 2 counts for flashing
lamps. Only the FU value is used for steady lamps.
Offsets are normally set using Lamp learn but may be
manually adjusted.
Customising Generic expressions
A set of generic configuration data files have been created. These are called generic.cfg,
generic.io, and generic.exp. When the data files need to be defined for a new Level
Crossing these generic files are copied as file names having a unique identifier for the
particular level crossing. A batch file has been created for this purpose. It is invoked by
the DOS command line "NEWEXP name" or in “Cerberus’ with a menu selection. Please
note that the name chosen must be 8 characters or less without spaces.
e.g. typing in
>newexp name
The specific configuration data files are then edited using any TEXT file editor or word
processor. If you are using a word processor such as Word 6.0 for Windows you need to
make sure that the edited file is saved as a ‘Text Only’ file.
Edit the new ".io" file for the crossing. Change the title of the file from generic.io to your
chosen name name.io. Also update the date and comments section so that a record is
kept of modifications made to the file. Either delete the line starting with ";;" if these inputs
or variables are not applicable to the particular crossing, or delete the ";;" to make them
applicable. They mostly relate to booms. Check the inputs against the circuits for the
crossing and make the relevant changes by adding or deleting inputs.
Edit the new ".exp" file for the crossing. On the first line of the file change 000 to the level
crossings ID number. ID numbers are in the range of 001 to 199 for Western Region. 200
to 399 Southern Region. 400 to 599 for Northern Region. 900 to 999 for Metropolitan.
Note that each Level Crossing in RAC must have a separate ID number. Change the rest
of the first line to have the name of the crossing, it kilometreage, and the date. Change
the title of the file from generic.exp to your chosen name name.exp. Also update the date
and comments section so that a record is kept of modifications made to the file
Modify the TEST Switch expression to the relevant type.
If any input have used back contacts then change its name to the form “NOT_NAME”.
Check is the input is used in the expressions. If it used the for each time it is used change
the name form “NAME” to “*NAME” and make an additional expression at the beginning
of the expression file of the form “*NAME = !NOT_NAME” which will correct the inversion
due to the back contact.
Find each expression line starting with ";;" or ";" and examine it and the adjacent
expressions to see which are applicable. Delete those not applicable and remove the ";;"
or ";" to bring the commented out expressions into use.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 73 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
If the Level Crossing has interlocked signals or other special conditions like an adjacent
ground frame then examine the *NOT_STOP, *NOT_START, *STICK_WARN,
*STICK_FAIL expressions must be checked and either deleted or modified.
Additional expressions may be added to check for track failures, detection failures, or
additional alarm or warning conditions. Examples of these are:
*TRACK_FAULT =T 1h 0m 0s !*TRACK_UP
*DETECT_FAULT =T 30m 0s !6NK & !6RK
If the crossing is not being remotely tested then replace the *NO_TEST expression with:
*NO_TEST =T 36h 0m 0s TEST_ZK.
Edit the new ".cfg" file for the crossing. Change the title of the file from generic.cfg to your
chosen name name.cfg. No other modifications are to be done to this file.
A number of warnings are included in the generic configuration files regarding deleting of
variable and inputs such as Special Intermediate variables. Please adhere to these
warnings.
6.3
Data Generation
To produce a binary file ready to be uploaded to a level crossing monitor use the batch
file "COMPEXP". This is used in the format "COMPEXP name".
e.g. typing in
>compexp name
This will compile the 3 files (.exp, .io, .cfg) created above and compile them. If there are
any errors then you will soon know about it. If a error in the expression or i/o files is
detected then the computer will write the faults and errors to a file called name.err. By
examining this file you can debug your expression and i/o files.
Assuming all is well then the compiled files will be linked to the main code to create one
file called 'name.bin'. This file is the file that is then placed in the directory used by
LX_MAINT or ‘Cerberus’ ready for uploading into the required level crossing monitor.
Files required in the current directory or path for data generation:
compexp.bat
newexp.bat
generic.cfg, generic.io, generic.exp
ppgen.exe Version 3.4 or later.
A51.EXE, L51EXE, OHS51.EXE, FAD.EXE, FCSUM.EXE.
addr.equ
The relevant ".io", "..cfg", and ".exp" files in the same directory.
6.4
EPROM programming
Normally a programmed EPROM with R3.7 or later software will be supplied with each
level crossing monitor.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 74 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
If additional EPROMs are required or a older monitor is being upgraded than the
procedure below must be followed to program an EPROM.
a)
Obtain a 27512, 200ns EPROM. Note that the EPROM may be any of the
27512, 27C512 family of EPROMs.
b)
The binary file that is to be burnt into the EPROM should be obtained from
Signal Engineering Services. Must be version R3.7 or later. The file name will
be LXR37.bin where 37 is the release number for version R3.7.
c)
Connect the JED PC EPROM programmer to the PC's parallel port and make
sure that power is connected to the prom programmer.
d)
Invoke the prom programmer software by the DOS command "pp".
The default eprom type should be 27512 (on RHS). If it is set to anything else then you
will have to go to the option menu and select the eprom type 27512.
Select the option 'Program EPROM from diskfile' (this is the first menu item)
The program will come back with:
COMMAND
Enter filename:
type in 'lxr37.bin' and hit return
The program will come back with:
Enter offset <diskfile> [0] : (hit return)
Use standard Algorithm ? [Y/n] : (hit return)
Programming will begin by doing a blank check of the EPROM, the EPROM will be
programmed with the file named name.bin, then the EPROM will have it's contents
verified. The whole procedure takes just over 4 minutes on a 386SX computer. Do not
disturb the EPROM until the whole process is complete.
a)
A label must be affixed to the window of the EPROM when it has been
programmed. This label must have written on it the date and the software
version number. The software version should be R3.7 or later. Suitable labels
can be obtained from most newsagents.
b)
Replace the EPROM or fit the new EPROM as per the instructions in Section 4.
7
Log Interpretation
7.1
General
Log entries are displayed in the following format:
DOW
dd-mm-yy
hh:mm:ss.f TYPE NUMBER
NAME
STATE
where
DOW is the day of the week. This is formatted as Sun for Sunday, Mon for Monday, Tue
for Tuesday, Wed for Wednesday, Thu for Thursday, Fri for Friday, Sat for Saturday.
dd
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
is the day of the month that the event occurred.
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 75 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
mm
is the month in which the event occurred. This is formatted as 01 is January,
to 12 is December.
yy
is the year in which the event occurred. This is formatted such that numbers
greater than 91 refer to the year 1992 etc., and years less than 92 refer to
the years 2000 etc.
hh
is the hour of the day that the event occurred in 24 hour format.
mm
is the minutes at which the event occurred.
ss
is the seconds at which the event occurred.
f
is fractions of a second at which the event occurred with a 0.25 second
resolution.
TYPE
defines the type of log entry.
NUMBER
This is a number which starts at one for each type. It relate the log entry to
external input, output, the internal logic that controls the event.
NAME
This is the name of the external input, output, or internal logic for which the
event occurred.
STATE
This is the state to which the external input, output, or internal logic for which
the event occurred has changed too.
Note that the Level Crossing monitor scans all of its inputs once every 0.25 seconds.
Therefore any log entries that have a time stamp that matches to the fraction of a second
occurred in the same scan. This means that the order log entries for which the time
stamps match only identifies the order in which they were scanned and not the order in
which they occurred.
The date and hours for each log event are stored as separate entries in the log. This may
cause the oldest log entries to lose the date and hours information. When this occurs log
entries similar to the following will occur for the oldest hour of the log:
??? 00-00-91 00:09:58.6 D 3
XT 1
All the information is correct with the exception of the hours of the day, day of the week,
and date.
7.2
Log entry types
7.2.1
Digital inputs and Outputs
A log entry type of "D" means that the log entry is for a digital input or digital output.
Numbers in the range of 1 to 56 are inputs. Numbers in the range 57 to 64 are outputs.
The state for inputs is either "0" or "1". "0" means that the input is OFF. Normally this
indicates that the relay or device being monitors is now in the down or de-energised
state. "1" means that the input is ON. Normally this indicates that the relay or device
being monitors is now in the up or energised state. If the name is prefixed by "NOT_" then
the input state represents the inverse of the normal case.
Examples of an input changing state are:
Wed 06-04-94 22:09:09.4 D 4
Wed 06-04-94 22:10:27.4 D 4
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UXT 0
UXT 1
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 76 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
The state for outputs is either "0" or "1". "0" means that the output is OFF. "1" means that
the output is ON. If the name is prefixed by "NO_" then the output state represents the
inverse of the sense.
Examples of an output changing state are:
Tue 08-03-94 10:40:26.7 D 63
Mon 14-03-94 15:18:48.2 D 63
7.2.2
LOGIC 0
LOGIC 1
Intermediate variables
A log entry type of "I" means that the log entry is for an Intermediate variable. Numbers in
the range of 1 to 10 are special Intermediate variable which are controlled by the Level
Crossing Monitor software. Numbers in the range 11 to 32 are Intermediate variables
which are controlled by Boolean expressions.
The state for Intermediate variables is either "0" or "1". "0" means that the Intermediate
variable is OFF or has a logical state of FALSE. "1" means that the Intermediate variable
is ON or has a logical state of TRUE.
Examples of an Intermediate variable changing state are:
Wed 06-04-94 22:09:09.4 I 10
Wed 06-04-94 22:10:27.4 I 10
7.2.3
*LAMPS_ON 1
*LAMPS_ON 0
Timers
A log entry type of "T" means that the log entry is for an Timer variable. Numbers in the
range of 1 to 3 are special Timer variables which are controlled by the Level Crossing
Monitor software. Numbers in the range 4 to 22 are Timer variables which are controlled
by Boolean expressions.
The state for Timer variables is either "0" or "1". "0" means that the Timer variable is OFF
or has a logical state of FALSE. "1" means that the Timer variable is ON or has a logical
state of TRUE. The Timer will only become TRUE when the controlling Boolean
expression has been TRUE for the Timer length.
Examples of an Timer variable changing state are:
Mon 07-03-94 12:16:22.3
Mon 07-03-94 12:16:42.1
Mon 07-03-94 12:16:58.3
Mon 07-03-94 12:16:58.8
D 2
T 19
D 2
T 19
DXT 0
NORM_APP_T 1
DXT 1
NORM_APP_T 0
Note that the DXT becoming "0" starts the 20 second NORM_APP_T timer which
becomes TRUE 20 seconds later. The DXT becoming "1" cancels the NORM_APP_T
timer which becomes FALSE shortly afterwards.
7.2.4
Analogue
A log entry type of "A" means that the log entry is for an Analogue event. There are four
types of analogue events. These are Voltage, Lamp, Current, and Temperature events.
The number identifies the analogue channel for which the event occurred.
The state is different for each analogue event type and is a means of identifying the
different types.
States of the form "nn.mm volts" are for battery voltage and voltage change events.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 77 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
States of the form "FU n" and "FD n" are for lamp change events.
States of the form "nn.m amps" are for battery test current, and current events.
States of the form "nn.m degrees" are for temperature events.
7.2.4.1
Voltage
Battery voltage change events occur when the battery voltage has changed by more than
0.5 volts from the last logged value.
General voltage change events occur based on the percentage change specified in the
expressions.
An example is:
Thu 07-04-94 03:51:01.0 A 1
7.2.4.2
Battery 14.53 volts
Lamp
Lamp events occur when the number of lamps operating is detected to have changed.
Typically the time taken to detect a change is 4 seconds.
The names are normally abbreviated. Typically the names and their meaning is as
follows:
SS_LAMPS
Sydney Side lamp stand
CS_LAMPS
Country Side lamp stand
SS_TIP
Tip lights on the Sydney Side boom
CS_TIP
Tip lights on the Country Side boom
The state is of form "FU n" or "FD n". FU refers to the set of lamps operating when the
flasher is UP state. FD refers to the set of lamps operating when the flasher is DOWN
state. n is the number of lamps detected as operating.
Note that if the flasher fails whilst the lamps are operating the Level Crossing Monitor will
not log a lamps event for the state to which the flasher no longer changes too. The "FU"
or "FD" event logged may equally apply to the other flasher state even though it is not
logged.
An example of lamp log entries is as follows:
Wed 06-04-94 22:09:11.9
Wed 06-04-94 22:09:12.7
Wed 06-04-94 22:09:12.7
Wed 06-04-94 22:09:13.2
Wed 06-04-94 22:10:27.9
Wed 06-04-94 22:10:27.9
Wed 06-04-94 22:10:27.9
Wed 06-04-94 22:10:27.9
7.2.4.3
A2
A2
A4
A4
A2
A2
A4
A4
SS_LAMPS
SS_LAMPS
CS_LAMPS
CS_LAMPS
SS_LAMPS
SS_LAMPS
CS_LAMPS
CS_LAMPS
FU 3
FD 3
FU 3
FD 3
FD 0
FU 0
FD 0
FU 0
Current
Battery test current change events occur when the battery test current has changed by
more than 2.0 amps from the last logged value.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 78 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
General current change events occur based on the percentage change specified in the
expressions.
An example is:
Thu 07-04-94 03:51:01.0 A 8
7.2.4.4
B_TEST_I 7.53 amps
Temperature
Temperature change events occur based on the percentage specified in the expressions.
An example is:
Thu 07-04-94 03:51:01.0 A 7
7.2.5
Ambient 28.53 degrees
Connection status
A connection status log entry identifies when someone has either remotely or locally
connected or disconnected a computer to the level crossing monitor.
Examples of the connection status of a serial port changing is:
Wed 06-04-94 22:09:09.4 Serial Port A connected
Wed 06-04-94 22:10:27.4 Serial Port A disconnected
7.3
Analysis
Analysis of multiple log entries requires a knowledge of the Boolean expressions with
which the level crossing monitor has been configured.
An example is the following set of log entries:
Tue 08-03-94 10:43:37.2
Tue 08-03-94 10:43:37.2
Tue 08-03-94 10:43:37.2
Tue 08-03-94 10:43:37.2
D 16
D 58
D 61
I 20
LOW_BATT
NO_LX_FAULT
BATTERY
*DO_FAULT
0
0
1
1
The input LOW_BATT has become false. This caused the Intermediate variable
*DO_FAULT to become true due to the Boolean expression upon which *DO_FAULT is
based. This in turn caused the output NO_LX_FAULT to become false which is indicated
on the front panel of the monitor and also is reported to the Control Centre. The input
LOW_BATT has become false also caused the output BATTERY to become true due to
its Boolean expression. BATTERY is used to indicate the type of fault that has occurred.
Note that the because all the events occurred in the same 0.25 scan the order in the log
is based on the scan order and not the order in which the events occurred.
An extract for a typical level crossing operation is as follows:
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:50.7
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:50.7
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:50.7
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:50.7
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:50.7
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:53.4
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:54.2
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:54.2
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:54.9
Wed 15/06/94 07:05:58.7
Wed 15/06/94 07:06:10.6
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
D 2
D 7
D 8
I 10
I 13
A 4
A 2
A 4
A 2
A 0
T 16
DXT 0
XR 0
XPR 0
*LAMPS_ON 1
*TRACK_UP 0
CS_LAMPS FU 3
SS_LAMPS FD 4
CS_LAMPS FD 3
SS_LAMPS FU 4
Battery 13.83 Volts
NORM_APP_T 1
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 79 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
Wed 15/06/94 07:06:21.6
Wed 15/06/94 07:06:21.6
Wed 15/06/94 07:06:21.9
Wed 15/06/94 07:06:23.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:00.4
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:00.6
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:00.9
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:00.9
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:00.9
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:01.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:01.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:01.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:01.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:01.4
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:31.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:31.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:31.1
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:32.9
Wed 15/06/94 07:07:38.9
D 3
I 15
D 6
D 4
D 3
D 2
D 7
D 8
I 10
A 2
A 2
A 4
A 4
T 16
D 4
I 13
I 15
D 6
A 0
TMG E1261
XT 0
*DOWN_TRAIN 1
DDSR 1
UXT 0
XT 1
DXT 1
XR 1
XPR 1
*LAMPS_ON 0
SS_LAMPS FU 0
SS_LAMPS FD 0
CS_LAMPS FU 0
CS_LAMPS FD 0
NORM_APP_T 0
UXT 1
*TRACK_UP 1
*DOWN_TRAIN 0
DDSR 0
Battery 14.84 Volts
The level crossing for the example has 4 flashing lamps on the Sydney side lamp stand
and 3 flashing lamps on the Country lamp stand.
7.4
Spurious events
It is possible for some spurious events to occur and be reported in the log. These are:
• Analogue entries for lamps and battery test current due to the use of hand held
radios or cellular telephones with-in the level crossing hut.
• Digital input events due to someone touching pins 5 and 6 on the 4N35
optoisolator on the Input Optoisolator board.
• Digital input events due to a faulty input on the SCADA 2000 A I/O Board.
8
Hardware Repair/Replacement
All items except the VIO may be repaired by replacing the socketed components or
repairing sub assemblies.
The VIO must not be repaired as the repair may reduce the integrity of the electrical
isolation provided. VIOs must be replaced as a complete unit.
Replacement items may be purchased as per the following table. Please note that their
are alternative suppliers to the companies nominated.
Item
Main Box Unit
SCADA 2000 A I/O Board
Analogue to Digital Converter
Input Optoisolator
Output Optoisolator
Current Sensor
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
Purchase through
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Phone Number
02 9224 4863
02 9224 4863
02 9224 4863
02 9224 4863
02 9224 4863
02 9224 4863
Page 80 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
VIO
Cables
Modem Dataplex 213 (10-20V DC)
Modem surge protection PF-6/S
Relays with MI Number
Other Relays and timer
Battery test resistor
Battery test resistor alternative
2 x 1ohm variable Safetran 0296023X
Ferrules and Crimpers
Additional Connectors, 8 way for
Optos Phoenix Contact MVSTBW
2.5/8-ST 5.08
Additional Connectors, 2 way for
Optos Phoenix Contact MVSTBW
2.5/2-ST 5.08
Additional Connectors, 8 way for Main
Box Phoenix Contact MSTB 2,5/8-ST5.08
Additional Connectors, 11 way for
Main Box Phoenix Contact MSTB
2,5/11-ST-5.08
Additional Connectors, 2 way for Main
Box Phoenix Contact MSTB 2,5/2-ST5.08
JED PC EPROM Programmer
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
TMG E1261
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
Dataplex Pty Ltd
Elsafe (KCC) Pty Ltd
Contact: Sandy Bruce-Smith
RSA Stores
Signal Engineering Technical
Services
RSA Stores or second hand stock
WBSA - Melbourne
Contact: Pat Cole
02 9224 4863
L&B Electrical Pty Ltd
02 9525 2766
L&B Electrical Pty Ltd
02 9525 2766
L&B Electrical Pty Ltd
02 9525 2766
L&B Electrical Pty Ltd
02 9525 2766
L&B Electrical Pty Ltd
02 9525 2766
JED Microprocessor Pty Ltd
03 9762 3588
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
02 9224 4863
02 9349 3911
02 9938 5799
02 9224 4895
03 9676 8888
Page 81 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
Appendix A
TMG E1261
Generic Configuration data
For this information contact RailCorp Signals and Control Systems, Principal Engineer Signalling
Electronic Systems.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 82 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
Appendix B
TMG E1261
Level Crossing Monitor - Test and Commissioning
Form
Location:
Kilometreage:
Installation inspected and correct:
SCADA 2000 A Link 12-13 installed:
SCADA 2000 A Link 13-14 removed:
EPROM installed correctly and labelled:
Name set:
Monitor powers
up:
Code:
Crossing ID
number:
Data:
Pin numbers set
Date and Time set
Log cleared:
System test:
Monitor reset:
Dialup on fault
and warning
enabled
Maintenance
facility enabled
Input information displayed and checked:
Output information displayed and checked:
Intermediate information displayed and checked:
Timer information displayed and checked:
Analogue information displayed and checked:
Battery charger adjustment correct for additional load:
Current sensor no current output voltages
Country side lamps:
Sydney side lamps:
Country side tip:
Sydney side tip:
Battery test:
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 83 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Input correspondence in accordance with circuit book and I/O list.
1 BATT_TEST_IP
2 DXT
3 XT
4 UXT
5 UDSR
6 DDSR
7 XR
8 XPR
9
10
11
12
13
LOCAL_PB_RESET
14 TEST_ZK
15 AC_SUPPLY
16
BATT_ALARM_CAR
D
17 SS_LIGHT_ZK
18 CS_LIGHT_ZK
19 BELL_ZK
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32 TESTCUTOFF
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 84 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Lamp learn successfully performed:
Lamp learn results: (FU/FD differences >5 need to be investigated)
Country side lamps FD
Country side lamps FU
Sydney side lamps FD
Sydney side lamps FU
Country side tip FD
Country side tip FU
Sydney side tip FD
Sydney side tip FU
Battery voltage measured on battery terminals:
Battery voltage offset set in monitor:
Battery voltage reported by monitor:
Dialup phone number set to:
Alternate phone number set to:
Country side lamps corresponded by removing a Country side lamp:
Sydney side lamps corresponded by removing a Sydney side lamp:
Restore both lamps and clear lamp fault OK:
Country side tip corresponded by removing the Country side lamp:
Sydney side tip corresponded by removing the Sydney side lamp:
Non-generic expressions which were tested
Name
Result
Name
Result
Modem initialisation left set at "AT &F &C1 &D2 S0=2 Q1 E0 &E0
&K0 X2 &W" for DPX-213 or DPX-223 Modem
Monitor reset with modem connected and turned on:
Serial Channel A left set at 9600, 8, N, 1
Serial Channel B left set at 19200, 8, N, 1
Telephone line checked:
Modem Surge Protection unit installed correctly
Battery test successfully performed:
Battery test current:
Check the monitor case is isolated from level crossing supply:
Check that correct voltage TEST_SW VIO is installed on XR circuit
Battery fault simulated and reported correctly to the Control Centre
Log of testing period reviewed:
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 85 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
TMG E1261
Comments:
Flasher model currently installed SS Flasher:
Date:
Date
CS Flasher:
Tests performed by :
Signed :
Date :
Initial 7 days of log reviewed by:
Comments:
Signed :
Date :
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 86 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
Appendix C
TMG E1261
Standard Level Crossing Monitor interface circuits
Please refer to sheets X14 to X26 & X49 to X52 in SDG001, available on the RailCorp
Engineering web site.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 87 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
Appendix D
TMG E1261
Drawings
The drawings listed below document the design of the Cerberus Monitor.
Level Crossing Monitor - Hardware block diagram
M08-558/2
Vital Indication Optoisolator (VIO) Circuit schematic
M08-559
Vital Indication Optoisolator (VIO) Housing
M08-723
SCADA-2000 A/2.0 I/O Board component layout
M08-724
SCADA-2000 A/2.0 I/O Board Block diagram
M08-731
Individual input optoisolator mechanical diagram
M08-732
Individual input optoisolator schematic diagram
M08-733
Individual input optoisolator circuit diagram (marked up for 12 volts)
M08-781
SCADA-2000 A/2.0 I/O Board jumper allocations. (marked up for LX
monitor)
M08-782
Individual input optoisolator operational circuit diagram (marked up for
12 volts)
M08-851/1
ADC Circuit
M08-851/2
ADC PCB Dimensions
M08-854
Current sensor physical details
M08-855
Current sensor circuit
M08-861
Optoisolator board cable
M08-862
Level Crossing Monitor Flasher cable
M08-863
Level Crossing Monitor Modem Cable
M08-864/A
Level Crossing Monitor wiring diagram Page 1 of 2 V1
M08-864/A
Level Crossing Monitor wiring diagram Page 1 of 2 V2
M08-864/B
Level Crossing Monitor wiring diagram Page 2 of 2
M08-865/A
Level Crossing Monitor front panel layout V1
M08-865/A
Level Crossing Monitor front panel layout V2
M08-865/B
Level Crossing Monitor rear panel layout
M08-866
Lightning protection unit and voltage limiter circuit diagram
M08-870
Backplane physical aspects
M08-871
8-way output optoisolator layout
M08-872
Level Crossing Monitor - 8 way output optoisolator
M08-873
8-way output optoisolator cable
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
Page 88 of 89
Version 2.1
RailCorp Engineering Manual — Signals — Equipment Manual
Cerberus Level Crossing Monitor Field Equipment Manual
VIOELF
Vital Indication Optoisolator circuit schematic using CNY66
CSSC SRA1016
Level Crossing Monitor unit assembly. Sheet 4
CSSC SRA1016
Level Crossing Monitor unit assembly. Sheet 5
CSSC SRA1022
V/Suppress PCB for SRA1016.
© RailCorp
Issued August 2012
UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED
TMG E1261
Page 89 of 89
Version 2.1
Download PDF