RI-10 Invisible Readmission Ink

RI-10 Invisible Readmission Ink
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Prepared to U.S. OSHA, CMA, ANSI, Canadian WHMIS, European Union CLP EC 1272/2008, and the Global Harmonization Standard
1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/MIXTURE AND OF THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING
CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS: BLAK-RAY® RI-10 INVISIBLE READMISSION INK
UVP PRODUCT CODE: 96-0021-04
SYNONYMS: None/Mixture
CHEMICAL FAMILY NAME: Solvent-Based Ink
PRODUCT USE:
U.S. MANUFACTURER/DISTRIBUTOR:
ADDRESS:
BUSINESS PHONE:
FAX PHONE:
GENERAL E-Mail:
EUROPEAN SALES OPERATIONS:
ADDRESS:
BUSINESS PHONE:
FAX PHONE:
E-Mail:
EMERGENCY PHONE:
Fluorescent Ink for Re-Admittance Marking on Skin; Fabric Fluorescing Markings
UVP, LLC
2066 W. 11th Street, Upland, CA 91786 USA
Toll Free Phone in US/Canada: (800) 452-6788 (8 am to 5 pm PST) or
(909) 946-3197
(909) 946-3597
[email protected]
Ultra-Violet Products Ltd
Unit 1, Trinity Hall Farm Estate, Nuffield Road, Cambridge CB4 1TG UK
+44(0)1223-420022
+44(0)1223-420561
[email protected]
Infotrac: U.S./Canada/Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-457-4280 (24 hrs)
(International) +1-708-918-1900 (collect-24 hrs)
2. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
GLOBAL HARMONIZATION AND EU CLP REGULATION (EC) 1272/2208 LABELING AND CLASSIFICATION: This product has
been classified per GHS Standards under European regulations. For information on EU classification under (67/548/EEC), see
below.
Classification: Classification: Flammable Liquid Cat. 3, Acute Oral Toxicity Cat. 4, Eye Damage Cat. 1, STOT Inhalation SE Cat. 3
Hazard Statement Codes: H225, H332, H315, H318, H335
Precautionary Codes: P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P261, P264, P271, P280, P303 + P361 + P353, P370 + P378,
P304 + P340, P302 + P352, P305 + P351 + P338, P337 + P313, P332 + P313, P321, P362, P403 + P235, P403 + P333, P405,
P501
Signal Word: Danger
Hazard Symbol/Pictograms: GHS02, GHS05, GHS07
EU LABELING AND CLASSIFICATION: This product has been classified as per European Union Council Directive 67/548/EEC or
subsequent Directives.
Classification: Highly Flammable, Harmful, Irritant
Risk Phrases: R11, R22, R37/38, R41, R66, R67
Safety Phrases: S2, S3/7/9, S13, S16, S23, S24/25, S26, S36/37, S46
Hazard Symbols: F, Xn/Xi
See Section 16 for Full Text of all Hazard and Precautionary Statement Codes and Risk and Safety Phrases
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW: Product Description: This product is a clear, colorless liquid with an aromatic odor.
Under exposure to UV light, this product fluoresces blue. Health Hazards: Ingestion and inhalation may be harmful
or fatal. May cause respiratory system and eye irritation; eye irritation may be severe. Ingestion and inhalation may
cause adverse central nervous system effects. Repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Contains materials that
can be absorbed via intact skin and may cause adverse effect by this route of exposure. Contains materials that are
suspect carcinogens. Flammability Hazards: This product is flammable and may be ignited if exposed to
temperature above 28.3°C (83°F). When involved in a fire, this product may decompose and produce irritating fumes
and toxic gases (e.g., carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, acetic acid). Reactivity Hazards: This
product is not reactive. Environmental Hazards: This product may cause harm to the environment if a large quantity
is accidentally released to an aquatic environment. Emergency Response Procedures: Emergency responders
must wear the proper personal protective equipment (and have appropriate fire-suppression equipment) suitable for
the situation to which they are responding.
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EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 13, 2011
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3. COMPOSITION and INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Chemical Name
n-Butanol
CAS #
71-36-3
EINECS or
ELNICS #
200-751-6
WT%
70-90%
Butyl Ester
Proprietary
10-30%
UV Pigment
Proprietary
< 1.0%
EU Classification (67/548/EEC)
GHS & EU Classification (1272/2008)
Risk Phrases/Hazard Statements
EU 67/548 Hazard Classification: Flammable, Harmful
EU 67/548 Risk Phrase Codes: R10, R22, R37/38, R41, R67
EU 67/548 Hazard Symbols: Xn
GHS & EU 1272/2008 Classification: Flammable Liquid Cat. 3, Acute Oral Toxicity Cat. 4, Eye
Damage Cat. 1, STOT Inhalation SE Cat. 3
GHS & EU 1272/2008 Hazard Codes: H226, H332, H315, H318, H335
GHS & EU 1272/2008 Hazard Symbols/Pictograms: GHS02, GHS05, GHS07
EU 67/548 Hazard Classification: Flammable
EU 67/548 Risk Phrase Codes: R10, R66, R67
EU 67/548 Hazard Symbols: None
GHS & EU 1272/2008 Classification: Flammable Liquid Cat. 3, STOT Inhalation SE Cat. 3
GHS & EU 1272/2008 Hazard Codes: H226, H336
GHS & EU 1272/2008 Hazard Symbols/Pictograms: GHS02, GHS07
EU 67/548 Hazard Classification: Not Classified
GHS & EU 1272/2008 Classification: Not Classified
See Section 16 for Full Text of all Hazard Codes and Precautionary Statements, Hazard Codes and Precautionary Statements
4. FIRST-AID MEASURES
PROTECTION OF FIRST AID RESPONDERS: RESCUERS SHOULD NOT ATTEMPT TO RETRIEVE VICTIMS OF
EXPOSURE TO THIS MATERIAL WITHOUT ADEQUATE PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT. Rescuers
should be taken for medical attention, if necessary. Only trained personnel should administer supplemental oxygen
and/or cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, if necessary.
IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION NEEDED: If adverse effect occurs.
INHALATION: If mists, sprays or fumes of this material are inhaled, remove victim to fresh air. If necessary, use artificial respiration
to support vital functions. Seek medical attention if adverse effect occurs after removal to fresh air.
SKIN EXPOSURE: This product is meant to be used on the skin. If skin contact results in irritation, wash with soap and water. If
adverse effects occur after flushing, seek medical attention.
EYE EXPOSURE: If this product enters the eyes, open victim's eyes while under gently running water. Use sufficient force to open
eyelids. Have victim "roll" eyes. Minimum flushing is for 20 minutes. Do not interrupt flushing. Seek medical attention if adverse
effect occurs after flushing.
INGESTION: If this material is swallowed, CALL PHYSICIAN OR POISON CONTROL CENTER FOR MOST CURRENT
INFORMATION. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING, unless directly by medical personnel. Have victim rinse mouth with water or give
several cupfuls of water, if conscious. Never induce vomiting or give diluents (milk or water) to someone who is unconscious,
having convulsions, or unable to swallow. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if
possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Seek medical attention.
MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Skin, and respiratory conditions and central nervous system
disorders may be aggravated by overexposure to this product.
INDICATION OF IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION AND SPECIAL TREATMENT IF NEEDED: Treat symptoms and
eliminate exposure.
5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
FLASH POINT (TOC): 28.9°C (84°F)
AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE: Not available.
LEL = 1.6%
UEL: 7.6%
FLAMMABLE LIMITS (in air by volume, %):
FIRE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Water fog or fine spray, appropriate foam for
solvent solutions, carbon dioxide and dry chemical. Water or foam may cause
frothing and must be used correctly.
UNSUITABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Halons.
SPECIAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: This product is flammable and
can ignite when exposed to temperature of its flash point. Both liquid and vapors
pose fire hazard. When involved in a fire, this material may ignite and produce
toxic gases (including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, acetic
acid). Vapors can travel to distant locations and flashback to source of fire.
NFPA RATING
FLAMMABILITY
3
HEALTH
0
2
INSTABILITY
OTHER
Hazard Scale: 0 = Minimal 1 = Slight
4 = Severe
2 = Moderate 3 = Serious
Explosion Sensitivity to Mechanical Impact: Not sensitive.
Explosion Sensitivity to Static Discharge: May be sensitive, may accumulate static charge by agitation or pouring.
ADVICE TO FIRE-FIGHTERS: Structural firefighters must wear Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus and full protective
equipment. Water spray can be used to cool fire-exposed containers. If this material is involved in a fire, fire runoff water
should be contained to prevent possible environmental damage. If necessary, decontaminate fire-response equipment
with soap and water solution.
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EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 13, 2011
PAGE 2 OF 12
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES: Uncontrolled releases should be responded to by
trained personnel using pre-planned procedures. Proper protective equipment should be used. Eliminate all sources of
ignition. Use non-sparking tools. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. The atmosphere must at least 19.5 percent Oxygen before nonemergency personnel can be allowed in the area without Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus. Spills on certain surfaces
may be slippery and present a slip hazard.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT: Proper protective equipment should be used.
Small Spills: Wear rubber gloves, splash goggles, and appropriate body protection.
Large Spills: Minimum Personal Protective Equipment should be rubber gloves, rubber boots, face shield, and Tyvek suit.
Minimum level of personal protective equipment for releases in which the level of oxygen is less than 19.5% or is unknown
must be Level B: Full-face or half-mask, air purifying respirators (NIOSH approved); hooded chemical-resistant clothing
(overalls; two-piece chemical-splash suit; disposable chemical-resistant overalls); coveralls; gloves, outer, chemical-resistant;
gloves, inner, chemical-resistant; boots (outer), chemical-resistant steel toe and shank; boot-covers, outer, chemical-resistant
(disposable); hard hat; escape mask; face shield.
METHODS FOR CLEAN-UP AND CONTAINMENT: Eliminate all sources of ignition before cleanup begins.
Small Spills: Absorb spilled liquid with paper towels or other suitable absorbent materials. Wash contaminated area with soap and
water, absorb with paper towels, and rinse with water. Place spill material and all clean-up materials in appropriate container for
disposal.
Large Spills: Dike spill to prevent spread. Absorb spill with polypads or other non-reactive material. Monitor area for combustible
vapor levels from potential and confirm levels are bellow exposure limits given in Section 8 (Exposure Controls-Personal
Protection), if applicable, before non-response personnel are allowed into the spill area. Place spill material and all clean-up
materials in appropriate container for disposal. Decontaminate area thoroughly.
All Spills: Place all spill residue in a double plastic bag or other containment and seal. Decontaminate the area thoroughly. Do not
mix with wastes from other materials. Dispose of in accordance with applicable Federal, State, and local procedures (see Section
13, Disposal Considerations). For spills on water, contain, minimize dispersion and collect. Dispose of recovered material and
report spill per regulatory requirements.
ENVIRONMENTAL PRECAUTIONS: Avoid release to the environment. Run-off water may be contaminated by other
materials and should be contained to prevent possible environmental damage. Spills on water can cover water surface
and cause oxygen-deprivation in the aquatic environment, as well as coat marine life. All effort must be made to avoid
spills to the marine environment.
REFERENCE TO OTHER SECTIONS: See information in Section 8 (Exposure Controls – Personal Protection) and
Section 13 (Disposal Considerations) for additional information.
7. HANDLING and USE
PRECAUTIONS FOR SAFE HANDLING: All employees who handle this material should be trained to handle it safely.
As with all chemicals, avoid getting this product ON YOU or IN YOU. Use in a well-ventilated location, segregated from
other materials and operations. Minimize all exposures to this substance, including airborne aerosols. Do not eat, drink,
smoke, or apply cosmetics while handling this product. Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Wash thoroughly
after handling this product. Containers of this product must be properly labeled. Use non-sparking tools. Bond and
ground containers during transfers of material. Spills of this product on certain surfaces may present a slip hazard.
CONDITIONS FOR SAFE STORAGE: Keep away from heat, sparks, and other sources of ignition. Keep from freezing.
Keep away from food and drinking water. Keep container tightly closed when not in use. Store containers in a cool, dry
location, away from direct sunlight, sources of intense heat, or where freezing is possible. Material should be stored in
secondary containers or in a diked area, as appropriate. Store containers away from incompatible chemicals (see Section
10, Stability and Reactivity). Containers should be separated from oxidizing materials by a minimum distance of 20 ft. or
by a barrier of non-combustible material at least 5 ft. high having a fire-resistance rating of at least 0.5 hours. Storage
areas should be made of fire resistant materials. Post warning and “NO SMOKING” signs in storage and use areas, as
appropriate. Have appropriate extinguishing equipment in the storage area (e.g., sprinkler system, portable fire
extinguishers). Inspect all incoming containers before storage to ensure containers are properly labeled and not damaged.
Refer to NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, for additional information on storage. Empty containers may
contain residual liquid or vapors that are flammable; therefore, empty containers should be handled with care.
SPECIFIC END USE(S): This product is a fluorescent ink used for re-admittance marking on skin and fabric fluorescing
markings. Follow all industry standards for use of this product.
PROTECTIVE PRACTICES DURING MAINTENANCE OF CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT: Follow practices indicated
in Section 6 (Accidental Release Measures). Make certain that application equipment is locked and tagged-out safely.
Always use this product in areas where adequate ventilation is provided. Decontaminate equipment thoroughly, before
maintenance begins. Collect all rinsates and dispose of according to applicable Federal, State, or local procedures, or
applicable standards.
82-0291-01 REV. A
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PAGE 3 OF 12
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS - PERSONAL PROTECTION
EXPOSURE LIMITS/CONTROL PARAMETERS:
VENTILATION AND ENGINEERING CONTROLS: Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering
controls to maintain airborne levels below recommended exposure limits provided in this section, if applicable. Exhaust directly
to the outside, taking necessary precautions for environmental protection. An eyewash and safety shower should be readily
accessible.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
CHEMICAL NAME
CAS #
ACGIH-TLVS
TWA
STEL
ppm
ppm
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR
OSHA-PELs
NIOSH-RELs
TWA
STEL
TWA
STEL
ppm
ppm
ppm
ppm
NIOSH
IDLH
ppm
OTHER
DFG MAKs:
TWA = 100
PEAK = 1•MAK 15 min.
average value, 1-hr
interval, 4 per shift
DFG MAK Pregnancy Risk
Classification: C
Carcinogen: EPA-D
DFG MAKs:
TWA = 100
PEAK = 2•MAK 15 min.
average value, 1-hr
interval, 4 per shift
DFG MAK Pregnancy Risk
Classification: C
20
NE
100
50
[ceiling]
(Vacated
1989
PEL)
Skin
50
(ceiling)
Skin
1400
(based
on 10%
of LEL)
Butyl Ester
150
200
150
200
(Vacated
1989
PEL)
150
200
1700
(based
on 10%
of LEL)
Proprietary UV Pigment
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
1-Butanol
71-36-3
ppm
NE
NE = Not Established. See Section 16 for Definition of Terms Used
INTERNATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS: Currently, the following international exposure limits are in place components of this
product. Exposure limits can change and should be checked for currency.
n-BUTANOL:
Australia: CL = 50 ppm (152 mg/m3), JUL 2008
Belgium: TWA = 50 ppm (154 mg/m3), Skin, MAR 2002
Denmark: CL = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), OCT 2002
Finland: TWA = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), STEL = 75 ppm (230 mg/m3), SEP 2009
France: VLE = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), FEB 2006
Germany: MAK = 310 mg/m3 (100 mL/m3), 2005
Hungary: TWA = 45 mg/m3, STEL = 90 mg/m3, Skin, SEP 2000
India: TWA = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), Skin, JAN 1993
Japan: OEL-Ceiling = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), skin, APR 2007
Korea: CL = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), 2006
Mexico: Peak = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3) (skin), 2004
New Zealand: CL = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), skin, JAN 2002
Norway: TWA = 25 ppm (75 mg/m3), JAN 1999
The Philippines: TWA = 100 ppm (300 mg/m3), JAN 1993
Poland: TWA = 50 mg/m3, STEL 140 mg/m3, JAN 1999
Russia: TWA = 10 mg/m3, STEL 30 mg/m3, JUN 2003
Sweden: TWA = 15 ppm (45 mg/m3), CL = 30 ppm (90 mg/m3), Skin, JUN 2005
Switzerland: MAK-W = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3); KZG-W = 50 ppm (150 mg/m3), DEC
2006
Turkey: TWA = 100 ppm (300 mg/m3), JAN1993
United Kingdom: STEL = 50 ppm (154 mg/m3) (skin), 2005
In Argentina, Bulgaria, Colombia, Jordan, Singapore, Vietnam check ACGIH TLV
BUTYL ESTER:
Australia: TWA = 150 ppm (710 mg/m3), STEL = 200 ppm (950 mg/m3), JUL 2008
Belgium: TWA = 150 ppm(723 mg/m3), STEL = 200 ppm(964 mg/m3), MAR 2002
Denmark: TWA = 150 ppm (710 mg/m3), OCT 2002
Finland: TWA = 150 ppm (720 mg/m3), STEL = 200 ppm (960 mg/m3), SEP 2009
France: VME = 150 ppm (710 mg/m3), VLE = 200 ppm (940 mg/m3), FEB 2006
Germany: MAK = 480 mg/m3 (100 mL/m3), 2005
Hungary: TWA = 950 mg/m3, STEL = 950 mg/m3, SEP 2000
Japan: OEL = 100 ppm (475 mg/m3), APR 2007
Korea: TWA = 150 ppm (710 mg/m3), STEL = 200 ppm (950 mg/m3), 2006
Mexico: TWA = 150 ppm (710 mg/m3); STEL = 200 ppm (950 mg/m3), 2004
The Netherlands: MAC-TGG = 710 mg/m3, 2003
New Zealand: TWA = 150 ppm (713 mg/m3); STEL = 200 ppm (950 mg/m3), JAN
2002
Norway: TWA = 75 ppm (355 mg/m3), JAN 1999
The Philippines: TWA = 150 ppm (710 mg/m3), JAN 1993
Poland: MAC(TWA) = 200 mg/m3, MAC(STEL) = 950 mg/m3, JAN 1999
Russia: TWA = 50 mg/m3, STEL = 200 mg/m3, JUN 2003
Sweden: TWA = 100 ppm (500 mg/m3); STEL = 150 ppm (700 mg/m3), JUN 2005
Switzerland: MAK-W = 100 ppm (480 mg/m3); KZG-W = 200 ppm (960 mg/m3),
DEC 2006
Turkey: TWA = 150 ppm (710 mg/m3), JAN 1993
United Kingdom: TWA = 150 ppm (724 mg/m3); STEL = 200 ppm, 2005
In Argentina, Bulgaria, Colombia, Jordan, Singapore, Vietnam check ACGIH TLV
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
The following information on appropriate Personal Protective Equipment is provided to assist employers in complying with
regulations found in U.S. OSHA 29 CFR Subpart I (beginning at 1910.132), equivalent standards of Canada (including CSA
Standard Z94.4-02 and CSA Standard Z94.3-02) or standards of EU member states (including EN 529:2005 for respiratory PPE,
CEN/TR 15419:2006 for hand protection, and CR 13464:1999 for face/eye protection). Please reference applicable regulations
and standards for relevant details.
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: Maintain airborne contaminant concentrations below exposure limits listed in this section, if
applicable. Use a NIOSH air purifying respirator with amine/organic vapor/high-efficiency particulate (HEPA) filter cartridges
when exposure is likely. If respiratory protection is needed, use only protection authorized in the U.S. Federal OSHA Respiratory
Protection Standard (29 CFR 1910.134) and equivalent U.S. State standards, Canadian CSA Standard Z94.4-93 and the
European Standard EN 529:2005 and Respiratory Protection Standards of EU member states. Oxygen levels below 19.5% are
considered IDLH by OSHA. In such atmospheres, use of a full-facepiece pressure/demand SCBA or a full facepiece, supplied air
respirator with auxiliary self-contained air supply is required under OSHA’s Respiratory Protection Standard (1910.134-1998). The
following are NIOSH respiratory protection guidelines for the main solvent components.
n-BUTANOL
CONCENTRATION
Up to 1250 ppm:
Up to 1400 ppm:
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
Any Supplied-Air Respirator (SAR) operated in a continuous-flow mode, or any Powered, Air-Purifying
Respirator (PAPR) with organic vapor cartridge(s).
Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s), or any air-purifying,
full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister, or any
PAPR with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s), or any Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
(SCBA) with a full facepiece, or any SAR with a full facepiece.
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8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS - PERSONAL PROTECTION (Continued)
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (continued):
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION (continued):
n-BUTANOL (continued)
CONCENTRATION
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
Emergency or Planned Entry into Unknown Concentrations or IDLH Conditions: Any SCBA that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode, or any SAR that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing
apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
Escape:
Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor
canister, or any appropriate escape-type, SCBA.
BUTYL ESTER
CONCENTRATION
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
Up to 1500 ppm:
Any Chemical Cartridge Respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s), or any Supplied-Air Respirator (SAR).
Up to 1700 ppm
Any SAR operated in a continuous-flow mode, or any Powered, Air-Purifying Respirator (PAPR) with
organic vapor cartridge(s), or any Chemical Cartridge Respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor
cartridge(s), or any Air-Purifying, Full-Facepiece Respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or backmounted organic vapor canister, or any Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece,
or any SAR.
Emergency or Planned Entry into Unknown Concentrations or IDLH Conditions: Any SCBA that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode, or any SAR that has a full facepiece and is operated in
a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary SCBA operated in
pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
Escape:
Any Air-Purifying, Full-Facepiece Respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic
vapor canister, or any appropriate escape-type, SCBA.
EYE PROTECTION: Not normally needed for handling of small quantities. If handling more than several ounces, wear splash
goggles or safety glasses. If necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133, the Canadian CSA Standard Z94.3-M1982,
Industrial Eye and Face Protectors or the European Standard CR 13464:1999 for further information.
HAND PROTECTION: Wear rubber or other appropriate glove to avoid skin contact. Use triple gloves for spill response, as stated in
Section 6 (Accidental Release Measures) of this MSDS. If necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.138, appropriate
Standards of Canada or the European Standard CEN/TR 15419:2006.
BODY PROTECTION: Coveralls or apron when handling large quantity. If necessary, refer to appropriate Standards of Canada
for further information or the European Standard CEN/TR 15419:2006. If a hazard of injury to the feet exists due to falling
objects, rolling objects, where objects may pierce the soles of the feet or where employee’s feet may be exposed to electrical
hazards, use foot protection, as described in U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.136 and the Canadian CSA Standard Z195-M1984,
Protective Footwear.
9. PHYSICAL and CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
FORM: Liquid.
COLOR: Clear; fluoresces blue in UV light.
ODOR: Aromatic.
EVAPORATION RATE (nBuAc): 1
ODOR THRESHOLD: For n-Butanol: Geometric Mean - 1.2 ppm (detection); Geometric Mean - 5.8 ppm (recognition)
VAPOR DENSITY (air = 1): 2.6
VAPOR PRESSURE @ 20°C: 12
BOILING POINT: 93.33°C (200°F)
FREEZING POINT: Not available.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY (water = 1): 0.81
pH: Not available.
SOLUBILITY IN WATER: Immiscible
OTHER SOLUBILITIES: Not available.
LOG COEFFICIENT WATER/OIL DISTRIBUTION: Not determined.
HOW TO DETECT THIS SUBSTANCE (identification properties): The appearance or odor may be a method to identify
this product in event of an accidental release.
10. STABILITY and REACTIVITY
REACTIVITY/CHEMICAL STABILITY: This product is stable under normal conditions.
DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Hydrolysis: None. Combustion: Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides,
acetic acid.
MATERIALS WITH WHICH SUBSTANCE IS INCOMPATIBLE: This product is incompatible with strong oxidizing
agents, strong acids, potassium tert-butoxide, bases, aluminum, alkali metals (e.g. sodium or potassium), halogens
(e.g. bromine or chlorine), perchloric acid or metal perchlorates, acids, acid anhydrides, or acid chlorides, lithium
aluminum hydride, isocyanates.
POSSIBILITY OF HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Contact with incompatible materials, and exposure to excessive temperatures.
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11. T OXIC OL OG IC AL INF OR MAT ION
SYMPTOMS OF OVEREXPOSURE BY ROUTE OF EXPOSURE: The
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
most significant routes of occupational overexposure are anticipated to
be by inhalation, skin and eye contact. The following symptoms of
overexposure to this product are anticipated to be as follows:
(BLUE) 2
HEALTH HAZARD
INHALATION: Inhalation of vapors, mists or sprays from this product
may irritate the tissues of the nose, mouth, throat, and upper respiratory
system. Inhalation may also lead to adverse central nervous system
effects, such as headache, dizziness, drowsiness, incoordination,
nausea and vomiting.
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD (RED) 3
CONTACT WITH SKIN or EYES: This product is designed for skin
contact and is not expected to cause adverse effect. Chronic or
repeated skin exposure to the liquid may cause dermatitis (dry, red, itchy
skin). Eye contact can cause severe irritation, inflammation of the
PHYSICAL HAZARD (YELLOW) 0
eyes, blurred vision, tearing and sensitivity to light.
SKIN ABSORPTION: Components of this product can be absorbed via
intact skin. If large area of the skin is involved, adverse systemic effects
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
as described under ‘Inhalation’ may occur.
INGESTION: Ingestion is not anticipated to be a likely route of
occupational overexposure for this product. Ingestion may be harmful or
EYES
HANDS
BODY
RESPIRATORY
fatal. Ingestion may cause adverse central nervous system effects
such as described under ‘Inhalation’.
SEE SECTION 8
INJECTION: Injection is not anticipated to be a significant route of
overexposure for this product. If this product is “injected” (as may occur
through punctures by contaminated, sharp objects), local swelling and
For Routine Industrial Use and Handling Applications
irritation can occur.
Hazard Scale: 0 = Minimal 1 = Slight
OTHER HEALTH EFFECTS: Limited evidence suggests that
2 = Moderate 3 = Serious 4 = Severe *Chronic Hazard
occupational exposure to n-Butanol and products that contain high
levels of n-Butanol, in conjunction with noise exposure, may cause hearing impairment. Exposure to 80 ppm n-Butanol,
in combination with unprotected noise exposure, caused dizziness and hearing impairment in a small number of
employees.
HEALTH EFFECTS OR RISKS FROM EXPOSURE: An Explanation in Lay Terms. Over-exposure to this product may
cause the following health effects:
ACUTE: Contact via inhalation and skin or eye contact may cause irritation. Eye irritation may be severe. Ingestion or
inhalation exposure may be harmful or fatal.
CHRONIC: Chronic skin contact may cause dermatitis.
TARGET ORGANS: Acute: Skin, eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system. Chronic: Skin.
TOXICITY DATA: The following data are available for components of greater than 1% concentration. Only available
human data, LD50 Oral-Rat, Oral-Mouse and Skin-Rabbit, LC50 Inhalation-Rat and Inhalation-Mouse, Draize data and
mutagenic data is provided in this MSDS. Contact UVP for more information.
BUTYL ESTER:
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Human) 300 ppm
TCLo (Inhalation-Human) 200 ppm: Sense Organs and
Special Senses (Olfaction): effect, not otherwise
specified; Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye):
conjunctive irritation; Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration:
other changes
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Rabbit) 100 mg: Moderate
Standard Draize Test (Skin-Rabbit) 500 mg/24 hours:
Moderate
LC50 (Inhalation-Rat) 390 ppm/4 hours: Behavioral:
changes in motor activity (specific assay); Lungs,
Thorax, or Respiration: acute pulmonary edema;
Blood: hemorrhage
LC50 (Inhalation-Mammal-Species Unspecified) 40 gm/m3
LC50 (Inhalation-Mouse) 6 gm/m3/2 hours
BUTYL ESTER (continued):
LD50 (Oral-Rat) 10,768 mg/kg: Behavioral: somnolence
(general depressed activity); Lungs, Thorax, or
Respiration: other changes; Liver: other changes
LD50 (Oral-Mouse) 6 gm/kg
LD50 (Skin-Rabbit) > 17,600 mg/kg
n-BUTANOL:
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Human) 50 ppm
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Human) 990 ppm/1 hour
Standard Draize Test (Skin-Human) 20 µL/20 minutes
TCLo (Inhalation-Human) 25 ppm: Sense Organs and
Special Senses (Olfaction): effect, not otherwise
specified; Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye):
conjunctive irritation; Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration:
other changes
TDLo (Eye-Human) 72.5 mg/m3: Sense Organs and
Special Senses (Eye): conjunctive irritation
LDLo (Oral-Human) 428 mg/kg
n-BUTANOL (continued):
Standard Draize Test (Skin-Rabbit) 20 mg/24 hours:
Moderate
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Rabbit) 2 mg/24 hours:
Severe
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Rabbit) 1.62 mg: Severe
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Rabbit) 0.005 mL: Severe
LD50 (Oral-Rat) 790 mg/kg: Liver: fatty liver degeneration;
Kidney/Ureter/Bladder: other changes; Blood: other
changes
LD50 (Oral-Rat) 4.36 gm/kg: Gastrointestinal: gastritis;
Liver: other changes; Blood: hemorrhage
LD50 (Oral-Rat) 0.79 gm/kg
LD50 (Oral-Mouse) 100 mg/kg
LD50 (Skin-Rabbit) 3400 mg/kg
PROPRIETARY UV PIGMENT:
LD50 (Oral-Rat) > 10 gm/kg
CARCINOGENIC POTENTIAL: The components of this product are listed by agencies tracking the carcinogenic potential
of chemical compounds, as follows:
n-BUTANOL: EPA-D (Not Classifiable as to Human Carcinogenicity)
The remaining components of this product are not specifically listed by U.S. EPA, U.S. NTP, U.S. OSHA, U.S. NIOSH,
IARC, GERMAN MAK, and ACGIH and therefore is not considered to be, nor suspected to be, a cancer causing agent
by these agencies.
IRRITANCY OF PRODUCT: This product may be irritating to contaminated tissue.
SENSITIZATION TO THE PRODUCT: No component of this product is known to be a human skin or respiratory
sensitizer.
82-0291-01 REV. A
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PAGE 6 OF 12
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION (Continued)
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY INFORMATION: No component of this product is reported to cause mutagenic,
embryotoxic, teratogenic or reproductive effects in humans. Animal data for some components indicated effects, but only
at doses that were also fatal to test animals and so are not considered adequate evidence of reproductive effect.
ACGIH BIOLOGICAL EXPOSURE INDICES: Currently, there are no Biological Exposure Indices been determined for the
components of this product.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
ALL WORK PRACTICES MUST BE AIMED AT ELIMINATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION.
MOBILITY: This product has not been tested for mobility in soil; it is expected to be highly mobile. The following
information is available for the main solvent components.
n-BUTANOL:
The Koc of n-Butyl Alcohol is estimated as 72, using a log Kow of 0.88 and a regression-derived equation. According to a classification scheme, this estimated Koc value suggests
that n-Butyl Alcohol is expected to have high mobility in soil.
BUTYL ESTER:
The Koc of this compound is estimated as approximately 200, using a measured log Kow of 1.78 and a regression-derived equation. According to a recommended classification
scheme, this estimated Koc value suggests that this material is expected to have moderate mobility in soil
PERSISTENCE AND BIODEGRADABILITY: No specific data are available this product. The following information is
available for the main solvent components.
n-BUTANOL:
If released to air, a vapor pressure of 7 mm Hg at 25° C indicates n-Butyl Alcohol will exist solely as a vapor in the ambient atmosphere. Vapor-phase n-Butyl Alcohol will be
degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals; the half-life for this reaction in air is estimated to be 46 hours. If released to soil, n-Butyl
Alcohol is expected to have high mobility based upon an estimated Koc of 72. Volatilization from moist soil surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon a
Henry's Law constant of 8.8X10-6 atm-cu m/mole. n-Butyl Alcohol may volatilize from dry soil surfaces based upon its vapor pressure. The biodegradation half-life of n-Butyl
Alcohol in a sub-surface soil was approximately 7 days. If released into water, n-Butyl Alcohol is not expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water based upon
the estimated Koc. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected to be an important environmental fate process based upon this compound's Henry's Law constant. Estimated
volatilization half-lives for a model river and model lake are 2 and 29 days, respectively. In a river die-away test, n-Butyl Alcohol achieved 33% of its theoretical BOD in 5 days,
suggesting biodegradation will be an important fate process in water. Hydrolysis is not expected to be an important environmental fate process since this compound lacks
functional groups that hydrolyze under environmental conditions.
BUTYL ESTER:
Based on a vapor pressure of 11.5 mm Hg at 25°C, this compound is expected to exist solely as a vapor in the ambient atmosphere. Vapor-phase material is degraded in the
atmosphere by reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals with an atmospheric half-life of about 4 days. This compound is expected to have moderate mobility in
soils based upon an estimated Koc value of 200. Volatilization from dry soil surfaces is expected based upon the vapor pressure of this compound. Volatilization from moist soil
surfaces is also expected based upon a Henry's Law constant of 2.8X10-4 atm-cu m/mol. This compound is expected to biodegrade in both soils and aquatic environments based
on standard BOD studies. In water, this material is not expected to adsorb to sediment or particulate matter given its estimated Koc value. This compound is expected to
volatilize from water surfaces given its experimental Henry's Law constant. Estimated half-lives for a model river and model lake are 7 and 127 hours respectively. Hydrolysis
may be an important environmental fate for this compound based upon experimentally determined hydrolysis half-lives of 114 and 11 days at pH 8 and 9 respectively.
BIO-ACCUMULATION POTENTIAL: This product has not been tested for bio-accumulation potential. The following
information is available for the main solvent components.
n-BUTANOL:
An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for this material, using a log Kow of 0.88 and a regression-derived equation. According to a classification scheme, this BCF suggests the
potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low. Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient: Log Kow = 0.88
BUTYL ESTER:
An estimated BCF value of 10 was calculated for this material, using a log Kow of 1.78 and a recommended regression-derived equation. According to a classification scheme, this
BCF value suggests that bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low
ECOTOXICITY: This product has not been tested for aquatic or animal toxicity. The following aquatic toxicity data are
available for some components. Only limited data is presented in this MSDS. Contact UVP for more information.
n-BUTANOL:
EC0 (Scenedesmus quadricauda green algae) 7 days =
875 mg/L
LC50,S (fathead minnow) 96 hours = 1,910 mg/L
BUTYL ESTER:
EC50 (Pimephales promelas fathead minnow) 96 hours =
18 mg/L (confidence limit 17-19 mg/l). Affected fish lost
equilibrium prior to death. /Conditions of bioassay not
specified
BUTYL ESTER (continued):
LC50 (Lepomis macrochirus Bluegill) 96 hours = 100 ppm
at 23°C (static bioassay in fresh water, mild aeration
applied after 24 hours)
RESULTS OF PBT and vPvB ASSESSMENT: No data available. PBT and vPvB assessments are part of the chemical
safety report required for some substances in European Union Regulation (EC) 1907/2006, Article 14.
ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE CONTROLS: Controls should be engineered to prevent release to the environment,
including procedures to prevent spills, atmospheric release and release to waterways.
OTHER ADVERSE EFFECTS: The components of this product are not listed as having ozone depletion potential.
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
WASTE TREATMENT/DISPOSAL METHODS: It is the responsibility of the generator to determine at the time of disposal
whether the product meets the criteria of a hazardous waste per regulations of the area in which the waste is generated
and/or disposed of. Waste disposal must be in accordance with appropriate Federal, State, and local regulations. This
product, if unaltered by use, may be disposed of by treatment at a permitted facility or as advised by your local hazardous
waste regulatory authority. Shipment of wastes must be done with appropriately permitted and registered transporters.
DISPOSAL CONTAINERS: Waste materials must be placed in and shipped in appropriate 5-gallon or 55 gallon poly or
metal waste pails or drums. Permeable cardboard containers are not appropriate and should not be used. Ensure that
any required marking or labeling of the containers be done to all applicable regulations.
PRECAUTIONS TO BE FOLLOWED DURING WASTE HANDLING: Wear proper protective equipment when handling
waste materials. Dispose of in accordance with applicable Federal, State, and local procedures and standards.
U.S. EPA WASTE NUMBER: Not applicable.
EWC WASTE CODES: 16 05 08: Discarded Organic Chemicals Consisting of or Containing Dangerous Substances.
82-0291-01 REV. A
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PAGE 7 OF 12
14. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 49 CFR 172.101: This material is classified as Dangerous Goods, per
regulations of the DOT.
UN Identification Number:
UN 1993
Proper Shipping Name:
Flammable liquid, n.o.s. (n-Butanol)
Hazard Class Number and Description:
3 (Flammable)
Packing Group:
III
Excepted Quantities:
E1
Dot Label(s) Required:
Class 3 (Flammable)
North American Emergency Response Guidebook Number, 2008: 128
Marine Pollutant: No component of this product meets the criteria of the DOT to be a Marine Pollutant, per Appendix B to 49 CFR
172.101
NOTE: Shipments of this product may be shipped under small quantity and limited quantity exceptions as indicated under 49 CFR §173.4 and 49
CFR §173.150, if all requirements are met.
Small Quantity Exception (49 CFR 173.4): Small quantities of Class 3 material are not subjected to other requirements of the Hazardous
Materials Regulations (Subchapter C) when the maximum quantity per inner receptacle is limited to 30 mL (1 oz). Refer to 49 CFR 173.4 for
specific information in packaging small quantity materials.
Limited Quantity Exceptions [49 CFR 173.150(b)]: Limited quantities for Class 3, Packing Group III materials have inner packagings not over
5.0 L (1.3 gal) net capacity each, packed in strong outer packaging.
TRANSPORT CANADA, TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS REGULATIONS: This product is classified as
Dangerous Goods, per regulations of Transport Canada. The use of the above U.S. DOT information from the U.S. 49
CFR regulations is allowed for shipments that originate in the U.S. For shipments via ground vehicle or rail that originate in
Canada, the following information is applicable.
UN Identification Number:
Proper Shipping Name:
Hazard Class Number and Description:
Packing Group:
Excepted Quantities:
Special Provisions:
Explosive Limit and Limited Quantity Index:
ERAP Index:
Passenger Carrying Ship Index:
Passenger Carrying Road or Rail Vehicle Index:
UN 1993
Flammable liquid, n.o.s. (n-Butanol)
3 (Flammable)
III
E1
16
5
None
None
60
INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION SHIPPING INFORMATION (IATA): This product is classified as
dangerous goods, per the International Air Transport Association.
UN Identification Number:
UN 1993
Proper Shipping Name:
Flammable liquid, n.o.s. (n-Butanol)
Hazard Class Number and Description:
3 (Flammable)
Hazard Label(s) Required:
Class 3 (Flammable)
Packing Group:
III
Excepted Quantities:
E1
Passenger and Cargo Aircraft Limited Quantity Packing Instruction: Y344
Passenger and Cargo Aircraft Limited Quantity Maximum Net Quantity/Pkg: 10 L
Passenger and Cargo Aircraft Packing Instruction:
355
Passenger and Cargo Aircraft Maximum Net Quantity/Pkg:
60 L
Cargo Aircraft Only Packing Instruction:
366
Cargo Aircraft Only Maximum Net Quantity/Pkg:
220 L
Special Provisions:
A3
ERG Code:
3L
INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION SHIPPING INFORMATION (IMO):
dangerous goods, per the International Maritime Organization.
This product is classified as
UN No.:
1993
Proper Shipping Name:
Flammable liquid, n.o.s. (n-Butanol)
Hazard Class Number:
3
Packing Group:
III
Limited Quantities:
5L
Excepted Quantities:
E1
Special Provisions:
223, 274, 955
Packing:
Instructions: P001, LP01, Provisions: None
IBCs:
Instructions: IBC03, Provisions: None
Tanks:
Instructions: T4, Provisions: TP1, TP29
EmS:
F-E, S-E
Stowage Category:
Category A.
Marine Pollutant: This product does not meet the criteria of a Marine Pollutant under UN criteria.
82-0291-01 REV. A
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PAGE 8 OF 12
14. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION (Continued)
EUROPEAN AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY
ROAD (ADR): This product is classified by the Economic Commission for Europe to be dangerous goods.
UN No.:
Name and Description:
Class:
Classification Code:
Packing Group:
Labels:
Special Provisions:
Limited Quantities:
Excepted Quantities:
Packing Instructions:
Special Packing Provisions:
Mixed Packing Provisions:
Portable Tanks and Bulk Containers:
Hazard Identification No.:
1993
Flammable liquid, n.o.s. (n-Butanol)
3
F1
III
3
274, 601, 640E
LQ7
E1
P001, IBC03, LP01, R001
None
MP19
Instructions: T4, Provisions: TP1, TP29
30
TRANSPORT IN BULK ACCORDING TO THE IBC CODE: See the information under the individual jurisdiction listings
for IBC information.
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS: This product does not meet the criteria of environmentally hazardous according to the
criteria of the UN Model Regulations (as reflected in the IMDG Code, ADR, RID, and ADN); components of this product
are not specifically listed in Annex III under MARPOL 73/78.
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
ADDITIONAL UNITED STATES REGULATIONS:
U.S. SARA REPORTING REQUIREMENTS: The components of this product are subject to the reporting requirements
of Sections 302, 304, and 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, as follows.
CHEMICAL NAME
n-Butanol
SARA 302
(40 CFR 355, Appendix A)
SARA 304
(40 CFR Table 302.4)
SARA 313
(40 CFR 372.65)
No
No
Yes
U.S. SARA THRESHOLD PLANNING QUANTITY: The components of this product have no specific Threshold Planning
Quantity. The default Federal MSDS submission and inventory requirement filing threshold of 10,000 lbs. (4,540 kg)
therefore applies, per 40 CFR 370.20.
U.S. CERCLA REPORTABLE QUANTITY (RQ): n-Butanol = 5000 lb (2270 kg)
U.S. SARA HAZARD CATEGORIES (SECTION 311/312, 40 CFR 370-21): ACUTE: Yes; CHRONIC: No; FIRE: Yes;
REACTIVE: No; SUDDEN RELEASE: No
U.S. TSCA INVENTORY STATUS: The components of this product are listed on the TSCA Inventory.
OTHER U.S. FEDERAL REGULATIONS: Components of this product have requirements under other U.S. Federal
regulations detailed as follows:
BUTYL ESTER
CLEAN WATER ACT REQUIREMENTS: Butyl Ester is designated as a hazardous substance under section 311(b)(2)(A) of the Federal Water
Pollution Control Act and further regulated by the Clean Water Act Amendments of 1977 and 1978. These regulations apply to discharges of
this substance.
CALIFORNIA SAFE DRINKING WATER AND TOXIC ENFORCEMENT ACT (PROPOSITION 65): This product does
not contain any components listed on the California Proposition 65 Lists.
ADDITIONAL CANADIAN REGULATIONS:
CANADIAN DSL/NDSL INVENTORY STATUS: The components of this product are on the DSL Inventory.
CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (CEPA) PRIORITIES SUBSTANCES LISTS: Not applicable.
CANADIAN WHMIS CLASSIFICATION AND SYMBOLS: This product would be classified as a Controlled Product,
Hazard Classes B2 and D2B as per the Controlled Product Regulations.
ADDITIONAL EUROPEAN REGULATIONS:
SAFETY, HEALTH, AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS/LEGISLATION SPECIFIC FOR THE PRODUCT:
Currently, there is no specific legislation pertaining to this product.
CHEMICAL SAFETY ASSESSMENT: No data available. The chemical safety assessment is required for some
substances according to European Union Regulation (EC) 1907/2006, Article 14.
82-0291-01 REV. A
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PAGE 9 OF 12
16. OTHER INFORMATION
GLOBAL HARMONIZATION AND EU CLP REGULATION (EC) 1272/2208 LABELING AND CLASSIFICATION: This
product has been classified per GHS Standards, pending further testing. For information on EU classification under
(67/548/EEC), see below.
Classification: Flammable Liquid Category 3, Acute Oral Toxicity Cat. 4, Eye Damage Category 1, Specific Target Organ (Central Nervous
System) Toxicity (via Inhalation) Single Exposure Category 3
Hazard Statement Codes: H225: Highly flammable liquid and vapour. H332: Harmful if inhaled. H318: Causes serious eye damage. H315:
Causes skin irritation. H336: May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Codes:
Prevention: P210: Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. P233: Keep container tightly closed. P240:
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. P241: Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/equipment. P242: Use only
non-sparking tools. P243: Take precautionary measures against static discharge. P261: Avoid breathing mists, sprays, fume. P264:
Wash thoroughly after handling. P271: Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. P280: Wear protective gloves/protective
clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Response: P303 + P361 + P353: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with
water/shower. P370 + P378: In case of fire: Use materials appropriate for surrounding fire for extinction. P304 + P340: IF INHALED:
Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or
doctor/physician. P302 + P352: IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. P305 + P351 + P338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously
with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. P337 + P313: If eye irritation
persists: Get medical advice/attention. P332 + P313: If skin irritation occurs, get medical attention. P321: Specific treatment (remove
from exposure and treat symptoms). P362: Take off all contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
Storage: P403 + P233 + P235: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. P405: Store locked up.
Disposal: P501: Dispose of contents/containers in accordance with all local, regional, national and international regulations.
Signal Word: danger
Hazard Symbol/Pictograms: GHS02, GHS05, GHS07
EU LABELING AND CLASSIFICATION: This product has been classified as per European Union Council Directive
67/548/EEC or subsequent Directives.
Classification: Highly Flammable, Harmful, Irritant
Risk Phrases: R11: Highly Flammable. R22: Harmful if swallowed. R37/38: Irritating to respiratory system and skin. R41: Risk of serious
damage to eyes. R66: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking. R67: Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Safety Phrases: S2: Keep locked up. S3/7/9: Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. S13: Keep away from food,
drink and animal feeding stuffs. S16: Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. S23: Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray.
S24/25: Avoid contact with skin and eyes. S26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical
advice. S36/37/39: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. S45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). S46: If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this
container or label.
Hazard Symbols: F, Xn/Xi
16. OTHER INFORMATION (Continued)
REFERENCES AND DATA SOURCES: Contact the supplier for information.
METHODS OF EVALUATING INFORMATION FOR THE PURPOSE OF CLASSIFICATION: Bridging principles were used to classify this product.
REVISION DETAILS: May 2011: Review and up-date entire MSDS. Revise format to include current ANSI 16 Part format, Canadian, European and
Global Harmonization compliance.
MIXTURES: When two or more chemicals are mixed, their hazardous properties may combine to create additional, unexpected hazards. Obtain
and evaluate the safety information for this product before you use the product. Consult an Industrial Hygienist or other trained person when you
make your safety evaluation of the end product. Remember all chemicals have properties that can cause serious injury or death.
PREPARED BY:
CHEMICAL SAFETY ASSOCIATES, Inc.
PO Box 1961, Hilo, HI 96721 • (800) 441-3365 • (808) 969-4846
This Material Safety Data Sheet is offered pursuant to OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR, 1910.1200. Other government regulations must be reviewed for applicability to this
product. To the best of UVP’s knowledge, the information contained herein is reliable and accurate as of this date; however, accuracy, suitability or completeness are not guaranteed and no
warranties of any type, either express or implied, are provided. The information contained herein relates only to this specific product. If this product is combined with other materials, all
component properties must be considered. Data may be changed from time to time. Be sure to consult the latest edition.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
A large number of abbreviations and acronyms appear on a MSDS. Some of these, which are commonly used, include the following:
CAS #: This is the Chemical Abstract Service Number that uniquely identifies each
constituent.
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR:
CEILING LEVEL: The concentration that shall not be exceeded during any part of the
working exposure.
DFG MAK Germ Cell Mutagen Categories: 1: Germ cell mutagens that have been
shown to increase the mutant frequency in the progeny of exposed humans. 2: Germ cell
mutagens that have been shown to increase the mutant frequency in the progeny of
exposed mammals. 3A: Substances that have been shown to induce genetic damage in
germ cells of human of animals, or which produce mutagenic effects in somatic cells of
mammals in vivo and have been shown to reach the germ cells in an active form. 3B:
Substances that are suspected of being germ cell mutagens because of their genotoxic
effects in mammalian somatic cell in vivo; in exceptional cases, substances for which
there are no in vivo data, but that are clearly mutagenic in vitro and structurally related to
known in vivo mutagens.
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR (continued):
DFG MAK Germ Cell Mutagen Categories (continued): 4: Not applicable (Category 4
carcinogenic substances are those with non-genotoxic mechanisms of action. By
definition, germ cell mutagens are genotoxic. Therefore, a Category 4 for germ cell
mutagens cannot apply. At some time in the future, it is conceivable that a Category 4
could be established for genotoxic substances with primary targets other than DNA [e.g.
purely aneugenic substances] if research results make this seem sensible.) 5: Germ cell
mutagens, the potency of which is considered to be so low that, provided the MAK value
is observed, their contribution to genetic risk for humans is expected not to be significant.
DFG MAK Pregnancy Risk Group Classification: Group A: A risk of damage to the
developing embryo or fetus has been unequivocally demonstrated. Exposure of pregnant
women can lead to damage of the developing organism, even when MAK and BAT
(Biological Tolerance Value for Working Materials) values are observed.
82-0291-01 REV. A
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PAGE 10 OF 12
DEFINITION OF TERMS (Continued)
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR (continued):
DFG MAK Pregnancy Risk Group Classification (continued): Group B: Currently
available information indicates a risk of damage to the developing embryo or fetus must
be considered to be probable. Damage to the developing organism cannot be excluded
when pregnant women are exposed, even when MAK and BAT values are observed.
Group C: There is no reason to fear a risk of damage to the developing embryo or fetus
when MAK and BAT values are observed. Group D: Classification in one of the groups
A–C is not yet possible because, although the data available may indicate a trend, they
are not sufficient for final evaluation.
IDLH: Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health. This level represents a concentration
from which one can escape within 30-minutes without suffering escape-preventing or
permanent injury.
LOQ: Limit of Quantitation.
MAK: Federal Republic of Germany Maximum Concentration Values in the workplace.
NE: Not Established. When no exposure guidelines are established, an entry of NE is
made for reference.
NIC: Notice of Intended Change.
NIOSH CEILING: The exposure that shall not be exceeded during any part of the
workday. If instantaneous monitoring is not feasible, the ceiling shall be assumed as a
15-minute TWA exposure (unless otherwise specified) that shall not be exceeded at any
time during a workday.
NIOSH RELs: NIOSH’s Recommended Exposure Limits.
PEL: OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits. This exposure value means exactly the same
as a TLV, except that it is enforceable by OSHA. The OSHA Permissible Exposure
Limits are based in the 1989 PELs and the June, 1993 Air Contaminants Rule (Federal
Register: 58: 35338-35351 and 58: 40191). Both the current PELs and the vacated PELs
are indicated. The phrase, “Vacated 1989 PEL” is placed next to the PEL that was
vacated by Court Order.
SKIN: Used when a there is a danger of cutaneous absorption.
STEL: Short Term Exposure Limit, usually a 15-minute time-weighted average (TWA)
exposure that should not be exceeded at any time during a workday, even if the 8-hr
TWA is within the TLV-TWA, PEL-TWA or REL-TWA.
TLV: Threshold Limit Value. An airborne concentration of a substance that represents
conditions under which it is generally believed that nearly all workers may be repeatedly
exposed without adverse effect. The duration must be considered, including the 8-hour.
TWA: Time Weighted Average exposure concentration for a conventional 8-hr (TLV,
PEL) or up to a 10-hr (REL) workday and a 40-hr workweek.
WEEL: Workplace Environmental Exposure Limits from the AIHA.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM HAZARD
RATINGS: This rating system was developed by the National Paint and Coating
Association and has been adopted by industry to identify the degree of chemical hazards.
HEALTH HAZARD: 0 Minimal Hazard: No significant health risk, irritation of skin or eyes
not anticipated. Skin Irritation: Essentially non-irritating. Mechanical irritation may occur.
PII or Draize = 0. Eye Irritation: Essentially non-irritating, minimal effects clearing in < 24
hours. Mechanical irritation may occur. Draize = 0. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: > 5000 mg/kg.
Dermal Toxicity LD50 Rat or Rabbit: > 2000 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity 4-hrs LC50 Rat: >
20 mg/L. 1 Slight Hazard: Minor reversible injury may occur; may irritate the stomach if
swallowed; may defat the skin and exacerbate existing dermatitis. Skin Irritation: Slightly
or mildly irritating. PII or Draize > 0 < 5. Eye Irritation: Slightly to mildly irritating, but
reversible within 7 days. Draize > ≤0 25.
Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: > 500–5000 mg/kg.
Dermal Toxicity LD50 Rat or Rabbit: > 1000–2000 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs
Rat: > 2–20 mg/L. 2 Moderate Hazard: Temporary or transitory injury may occur;
prolonged exposure may affect the CNS. Skin Irritation: Moderately irritating; primary
irritant; sensitizer. PII or Draize≥ 5, with no destruction of dermal tissue. Eye Irritation:
Moderately to severely irritating; reversible corneal opacity; corneal involvement or
irritation clearing in 8–21 days. Draize = 26–100, with reversible effects. Oral Toxicity
LD50 Rat: > 50–500 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50 Rat or Rabbit: > 200–1000 mg/kg.
Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: > 0.5–2 mg/L. 3 Serious Hazard: Major injury likely
unless prompt action is taken and medical treatment is given; high level of toxicity;
corrosive. Skin Irritation: Severely irritating and/or corrosive; may cause destruction of
dermal tissue, skin burns, and dermal necrosis. PII or Draize > 5–8, with destruction of
tissue. Eye Irritation: Corrosive, irreversible destruction of ocular tissue; corneal
involvement or irritation persisting for more than 21 days. Draize > 80 with effects
irreversible in 21 days. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: > 1–50 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50 Rat or
Rabbit: > 20–200 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: > 0.05–0.5 mg/L. 4 Severe
Hazard: Life-threatening; major or permanent damage may result from single or repeated
exposures; extremely toxic; irreversible injury may result from brief contact. Skin
Irritation: Not appropriate. Do not rate as a 4, based on skin irritation alone. Eye Irritation:
Not appropriate. Do not rate as a 4, based on eye irritation alone. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat:
≤ 1 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50 Rat or Rabbit: ≤ 20 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs
Rat: ≤ 0.05 mg/L.
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD: 0 Minimal Hazard: Materials that will not burn in air when
exposure to a temperature of 815.5°C (1500°F) for a period of 5 minutes. 1 Slight
Hazard: Materials that must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Material requires
considerable pre-heating, under all ambient temperature conditions before ignition and
combustion can occur. This usually includes the following: Materials that will burn in air
when exposed to a temperature of 815.5°C (1500°F) for a period of 5 minutes or less;
Liquids, solids and semisolids having a flash point at or above 93.3°C (200°F) (i.e.
OSHA Class IIIB); and Most ordinary combustible materials (e.g. wood, paper, etc.). 2
Moderate Hazard: Materials that must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high
ambient temperatures before ignition can occur. Materials in this degree would not, under
normal conditions, form hazardous atmospheres in air, but under high ambient
temperatures or moderate heating may release vapor in sufficient quantities to produce
hazardous atmospheres with air. This usually includes the following: Liquids having a
flash-point at or above 37.8°C (100°F); Solid materials in the form of course dusts that
may burn rapidly but that generally do not form explosive atmospheres; Solid materials in
a fibrous or shredded form that may burn rapidly and create flash fire hazards (e.g.
cotton, sisal, hemp); and Solids and semisolids (e.g. viscous and slow flowing as
asphalt) that readily give off flammable vapors.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
RATINGS (continued):
IDENTIFICATION
SYSTEM
HAZARD
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD (continued): 3 Serious Hazard: Liquids and solids that can be
ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Materials in this degree produce
hazardous atmospheres with air under almost all ambient temperatures, or, unaffected by
ambient temperature, are readily ignited under almost all conditions. Materials in this
degree produce hazardous atmospheres with air under almost all ambient temperatures,
or, unaffected by ambient temperature, are readily ignited under almost all conditions.
This usually includes the following: Liquids having a flash point below 22.8°C (73°F) and
having a boiling point at or above 38°C (100°F) and those liquids having a flash point at
or above 22.8°C (73°F) and below 37.8°C (100°F) (i.e. OSHA Class IB and IC); Materials
that on account of their physical form or environmental conditions can form explosive
mixtures with air and are readily dispersed in air (e.g., dusts of combustible solids, mists
or droplets of flammable liquids); and Materials that burn extremely rapidly, usually by
reason of self-contained oxygen (e.g. dry nitrocellulose and many organic peroxides). 4
Severe Hazard: Materials that will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric
pressure and normal ambient temperature or that are readily dispersed in air, and that
will burn readily. This usually includes the following: Flammable gases; Flammable
cryogenic materials; Any liquid or gaseous material that is liquid while under pressure
and has a flash point below 22.8°C (73°F) and a boiling point below 37.8°C (100°F) (i.e.
OSHA Class IA); and Materials that ignite spontaneously when exposed to air at a
temperature of 54.4°C (130°F) or below (pyrophoric).
PHYSICAL HAZARD: 0 Water Reactivity: Materials that do not react with water. Organic
Peroxides: Materials that are normally stable, even under fire conditions and will not
react with water. Explosives: Substances that are Non-Explosive. Compressed Gases:
No Rating. Pyrophorics: No Rating. Oxidizers: No 0 rating. Unstable Reactives:
Substances that will not polymerize, decompose, condense, or self-react.). 1 Water
Reactivity: Materials that change or decompose upon exposure to moisture. Organic
Peroxides: Materials that are normally stable, but can become unstable at high
temperatures and pressures. These materials may react with water, but will not release
energy violently. Explosives: Division 1.5 & 1.6 explosives. Substances that are very
insensitive explosives or that do not have a mass explosion hazard. Compressed Gases:
Pressure below OSHA definition. Pyrophorics: No Rating. Oxidizers: Packaging Group III
oxidizers; Solids: any material that in either concentration tested, exhibits a mean burning
time less than or equal to the mean burning time of a 3:7 potassium bromate/cellulose
mixture and the criteria for Packing Group I and II are not met. Liquids: any material that
exhibits a mean pressure rise time less than or equal to the pressure rise time of a 1:1
nitric acid (65%)/cellulose mixture and the criteria for Packing Group I and II are not met.
Unstable Reactives: Substances that may decompose condense, or self-react, but only
under conditions of high temperature and/or pressure and have little or no potential to
cause significant heat generation or explosion hazard. Substances that readily undergo
hazardous polymerization in the absence of inhibitors. Substances that readily undergo
hazardous polymerization in the absence of inhibitors. 2 Water Reactivity: Materials that
may react violently with water. Organic Peroxides: Materials that, in themselves, are
normally unstable and will readily undergo violent chemical change, but will not detonate.
These materials may also react violently with water. Explosives: Division 1.4 explosives.
Explosive substances where the explosive effects are largely confined to the package
and no projection of fragments of appreciable size or range are expected. An external fire
must not cause virtually instantaneous explosion of almost the entire contents of the
package. Compressed Gases: Pressurized and meet OSHA definition but < 514.7 psi
absolute at 21.1°C (70°F) [500 psig]. Pyrophorics: No Rating. Oxidizers: Packing Group II
oxidizers. Solids: any material that, either in concentration tested, exhibits a mean
burning time of less than or equal to the mean burning time of a 2:3 potassium
bromate/cellulose mixture and the criteria for Packing Group I are not met. Liquids: any
material that exhibits a mean pressure rise time less than or equal to the pressure rise of
a 1:1 aqueous sodium chlorate solution (40%)/cellulose mixture and the criteria for
Packing Group I are not met. Reactives: Substances that may polymerize, decompose,
condense, or self-react at ambient temperature and/or pressure, but have a low potential
(or low risk) for significant heat generation or explosion. Substances that readily form
peroxides upon exposure to air or oxygen at room temperature. 3 Water Reactivity:
Materials that may form explosive reactions with water. Organic Peroxides: Materials that
are capable of detonation or explosive reaction, but require a strong initiating source or
must be heated under confinement before initiation; or materials that react explosively
with water. Explosives: Division 1.3 explosives. Explosive substances that have a fire
hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but do not
have a mass explosion hazard. Compressed Gases: Pressure ≥ 514.7 psi absolute at
21.1°C (70°F) [500 psig]. Pyrophorics: No Rating. Oxidizers: Packing Group I oxidizers.
Solids: any material that, in either concentration tested, exhibits a mean burning time less
than the mean burning time of a 3:2 potassium bromate/cellulose mixture. Liquids: any
material that spontaneously ignites when mixed with cellulose in a 1:1 ratio, or which
exhibits a mean pressure rise time less than the pressure rise time of a 1:1 perchloric
acid (50%)/cellulose mixture. Unstable Reactives: Substances that may polymerize,
decompose, condense, or self-react at ambient temperature and/or pressure and have a
moderate potential (or moderate risk) to cause significant heat generation or explosion. 4
Water Reactivity: Materials that react explosively with water without requiring heat or
confinement. Organic Peroxides: Materials that are readily capable of detonation or
explosive decomposition at normal temperature and pressures. Explosives: Division 1.1
& 1.2 explosives. Explosive substances that have a mass explosion hazard or have a
projection hazard. A mass explosion is one that affects almost the entire load
instantaneously. Compressed Gases: No Rating. Pyrophorics: Add to the definition of
Flammability 4. Oxidizers: No 4 rating. Unstable Reactives: Substances that may
polymerize, decompose, condense, or self-react at ambient temperature and/or pressure
and have a high potential (or high risk) to cause significant heat generation or explosion.
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION HAZARD RATINGS:
HEALTH HAZARD: 0 Materials that, under emergency conditions, would offer no hazard
beyond that of ordinary combustible materials. Gases and vapors with an LC50 for acute
inhalation toxicity greater than 10,000 ppm. Dusts and mists with an LC50 for acute
inhalation toxicity greater than 200 mg/L. Materials with an LD50 for acute dermal toxicity
greater than 2000 mg/kg. Materials with an LD50 for acute oral toxicity greater than 2000
mg/kg. Materials essentially non-irritating to the respiratory tract, eyes, and skin.
82-0291-01 REV. A
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 13, 2011
PAGE 11 OF 12
DEFINITION OF TERMS (Continued)
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION HAZARD RATINGS
(continued):
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION HAZARD RATINGS
(continued):
HEALTH HAZARD (continued): 1 Materials that, under emergency conditions, can cause
significant irritation. Gases and vapors with an LC50 for acute inhalation toxicity greater
than 5,000 ppm but less than or equal to 10,000 ppm. Dusts and mists with an LC50 for
acute inhalation toxicity greater than 10 mg/L but less than or equal to 200 mg/L.
Materials with an LD50 for acute dermal toxicity greater than 1000 mg/kg but less than or
equal to 2000 mg/kg. Materials that slightly to moderately irritate the respiratory tract,
eyes and skin. Materials with an LD50 for acute oral toxicity greater than 500 mg/kg but
less than or equal to 2000 mg/kg. 2 Materials that, under emergency conditions, can
cause temporary incapacitation or residual injury. Gases with an LC50 for acute inhalation
toxicity greater than 3,000 ppm but less than or equal to 5,000 ppm. Any liquid whose
saturated vapor concentration at 20°C (68°F) is equal to or greater than one-fifth its LC50
for acute inhalation toxicity, if its LC50 is less than or equal to 5000 ppm and that does not
meet the criteria for either degree of hazard 3 or degree of hazard 4. Dusts and mists
with an LC50 for acute inhalation toxicity greater than 2 mg/L but less than or equal to 10
mg/L. Materials with an LD50 for acute dermal toxicity greater than 200 mg/kg but less
than or equal to 1000 mg/kg. Compressed liquefied gases with boiling points between 30°C (-22°F) and -55°C (-66.5°F) that cause severe tissue damage, depending on
duration of exposure. Materials that are respiratory irritants. Materials that cause severe,
but reversible irritation to the eyes or are lachrymators. Materials that are primary skin
irritants or sensitizers. Materials whose LD50 for acute oral toxicity is greater than 50
mg/kg but less than or equal to 500 mg/kg. 3 Materials that, under emergency conditions,
can cause serious or permanent injury. Gases with an LC50 for acute inhalation toxicity
greater than 1,000 ppm but less than or equal to 3,000 ppm. Any liquid whose saturated
vapor concentration at 20°C (68°F) is equal to or greater its LC50 for acute inhalation
toxicity, if its LC50 is less than or equal to 3000 ppm and that does not meet the criteria
for degree of hazard 4. Dusts and mists with an LC50 for acute inhalation toxicity greater
than 0.5 mg/L but less than or equal to 2 mg/L. Materials with an LD50 for acute dermal
toxicity greater than 40 mg/kg but less than or equal to 200 mg/kg. Materials that are
corrosive to the respiratory tract. Materials that are corrosive to the eyes or cause
irreversible corneal opacity. Materials corrosive to the skin. Cryogenic gases that cause
frostbite and irreversible tissue damage. Compressed liquefied gases with boiling points
below -55°C (-66.5°F) that cause frostbite and irreversible tissue damage. Materials with
an LD50 for acute oral toxicity greater than 5 mg/kg but less than or equal to 50 mg/kg. 4
Materials that, under emergency conditions, can be lethal. Gases with an LC50 for acute
inhalation toxicity less than or equal to 1,000 ppm. Any liquid whose saturated vapor
concentration at 20°C (68°F) is equal to or greater than ten times its LC50 for acute
inhalation toxicity, if its LC50 is less than or equal to 1000 ppm. Dusts and mists whose
LC50 for acute inhalation toxicity is less than or equal to 0.5 mg/L. Materials whose LD50
for acute dermal toxicity is less than or equal to 40 mg/kg. Materials whose LD50 for acute
oral toxicity is less than or equal to 5 mg/kg.
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD: 0 Materials that will not burn under typical fire conditions,
including intrinsically noncombustible materials such as concrete, stone, and sand.
Materials that will not burn in air when exposed to a temperature of 816°C (1500°F) for a
period of 5 minutes in according with Annex D of NFPA 704. 1 Materials that must be
preheated before ignition can occur. Materials in this degree require considerable
preheating, under all ambient temperature conditions, before ignition and combustion can
occur: Materials that will burn in air when exposed to a temperature of 816°C (1500°F)
for a period of 5 minutes in according with Annex D of NFPA 704. Liquids, solids, and
semisolids having a flash point at or above 93.4°C (200°F) (i.e. Class IIIB liquids).
Liquids with a flash point greater than 35°C (95°F) that do not sustain combustion when
tested using the Method of Testing for Sustained Combustibility, per 49 CFR 173,
Appendix H or the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model
Regulations (current edition) and the related Manual of Tests and Criteria (current
edition). Liquids with a flash point greater than 35°C (95°F) in a water-miscible solution
or dispersion with a water non-combustible liquid/solid content of more than 85% by
weight. Liquids that have no fire point when tested by ASTM D 92, Standard Test Method
for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup, up to the boiling point of the liquid or
up to a temperature at which the sample being tested shows an obvious physical change.
Combustible pellets with a representative diameter of greater than 2 mm (10 mesh).
Most ordinary combustible materials. Solids containing greater than 0.5% by weight of a
flammable or combustible solvent are rated by the closed cup flash point of the solvent.
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD: 2 Materials that must be moderately heated or exposed to
relatively high ambient temperatures before ignition can occur. Materials in this degree
would not under normal conditions form hazardous atmospheres with air, but under high
ambient temperatures or under moderate heating could release vapor in sufficient
quantities to produce hazardous atmospheres with air. Liquids having a flash point at or
above 37.8°C (100°F) and below 93.4°C (200°F) (i.e. Class II and Class IIIA liquids.)
Solid materials in the form of powders or coarse dusts of representative diameter
between 420 microns (40 mesh) and 2 mm (10 mesh) that burn rapidly but that generally
do not form explosive mixtures with air. Solid materials in fibrous or shredded form that
burn rapidly and create flash fire hazards, such as cotton, sisal, and hemp. Solids and
semisolids that readily give off flammable vapors. Solids containing greater than 0.5% by
weight of a flammable or combustible solvent are rated by the closed cup flash point of
the solvent. 3 Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature
conditions. Materials in this degree produce hazardous atmospheres with air under
almost all ambient temperatures or, though unaffected by ambient temperatures, are
readily ignited under almost all conditions. Liquids having a flash point below 22.8°C
(73°F) and having a boiling point at or above 37.8°C (100°F) and those liquids having a
flash point at or above 22.8°C (73°F) and below 37.8°C (100°F) (i.e. Class IB and IC
liquids). Materials that on account of their physical form or environmental conditions can
form explosive mixtures with air and are readily dispersed in air. Flammable or
combustible dusts with representative diameter less than 420 microns (40 mesh).
Materials that burn with extreme rapidity, usually by reason of self-contained oxygen (e.g.
dry nitrocellulose and many organic peroxides). Solids containing greater than 0.5% by
weight of a flammable or combustible solvent are rated by the closed cup flash point of
the solvent.
4 Materials that will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure and normal
ambient temperature or that are readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flammable
gases. Flammable cryogenic materials. Any liquid or gaseous materials that is liquid
while under pressure and has a flash point below 22.8°C (73°F) and a boiling point below
37.8°C (100°F) (i.e. Class IA liquids). Materials that ignite when exposed to air, Solids
containing greater than 0.5% by weight of a flammable or combustible solvent are rated
by the closed cup flash point of the solvent.
INSTABILITY HAZARD: 0 Materials that in themselves are normally stable, even under
fire conditions. Materials that have an instantaneous power density (product of heat of
reaction and reaction rate) at 250°C (482°F) below 0.01 W/mL. Materials that do not
exhibit an exotherm at temperatures less than or equal to 500°C (932°F) when tested by
differential scanning calorimetry. 1 Materials that in themselves are normally stable, but
that can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. Materials that have
an instantaneous power density (product of heat of reaction and reaction rate) at 250°C
(482°F) at or above 0.01 W/mL and below 10 W/mL. 2 Materials that readily undergo
violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures. Materials that have an
instantaneous power density (product of heat of reaction and reaction rate) at 250°C
(482°F) at or above 10 W/mL and below 100W/mL. 3 Materials that in themselves are
capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or explosive reaction, but that require
a strong initiating source or that must be heated under confinement before initiation.
Materials that have an estimated instantaneous power density (product of heat of
reaction and reaction rate) at 250°C (482°F) at or above 100 W/mL and below 1000
W/mL. Materials that are sensitive to thermal or mechanical shock at elevated
temperatures and pressures. 4 Materials that in themselves are readily capable of
detonation or explosive decomposition or explosive reaction at normal temperatures and
pressures. Materials that are sensitive to localized thermal or mechanical shock at
normal temperatures and pressures. Materials that have an estimated instantaneous
power density (product of heat of reaction and reaction rate) at 250°C (482°F) of 1000
W/mL or greater.
FLAMMABILITY LIMITS IN AIR:
Much of the information related to fire and explosion is derived from the National Fire
Protection Association (NFPA). Flash Point: Minimum temperature at which a liquid gives
off sufficient vapor to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid or
within the test vessel used. Autoignition Temperature: Minimum temperature of a solid,
liquid, or gas required to initiate or cause self-sustained combustion in air with no other
source of ignition. LEL: Lowest concentration of a flammable vapor or gas/air mixture that
will ignite and burn with a flame. UEL: Highest concentration of a flammable vapor or
gas/air mixture that will ignite and burn with a flame.
TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION:
Human and Animal Toxicology: Possible health hazards as derived from human data,
animal studies, or from the results of studies with similar compounds are presented. LD50:
Lethal Dose (solids & liquids) that kills 50% of the exposed animals. LC50: Lethal
Concentration (gases) that kills 50% of the exposed animals. ppm: Concentration
expressed in parts of material per million parts of air or water. mg/m3: Concentration
expressed in weight of substance per volume of air. mg/kg: Quantity of material, by
weight, administered to a test subject, based on their body weight in kg. TDLo: Lowest
dose to cause a symptom. TCLo: Lowest concentration to cause a symptom. TDo, LDLo,
and LDo, or TC, TCo, LCLo, and LCo: Lowest dose (or concentration) to cause lethal or
toxic effects. Cancer Information: IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer.
NTP: National Toxicology Program. RTECS: Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical
Substances. IARC and NTP rate chemicals on a scale of decreasing potential to cause
human cancer with rankings from 1 to 4. Subrankings (2A, 2B, etc.) are also used. Other
Information: BEI: ACGIH Biological Exposure Indices, represent the levels of
determinants which are most likely to be observed in specimens collected from a healthy
worker who has been exposed to chemicals to the same extent as a worker with
inhalation exposure to the TLV.
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY INFORMATION:
A mutagen is a chemical which causes permanent changes to genetic material (DNA) such
that the changes will propagate through generation lines. An embryotoxin is a chemical which
causes damage to a developing embryo (i.e. within the first eight weeks of pregnancy in
humans), but the damage does not propagate across generational lines. A teratogen is a
chemical which causes damage to a developing fetus, but the damage does not propagate
across generational lines. A reproductive toxin is any substance which interferes in any way
with the reproductive process.
ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION:
EC: Effect concentration in water. BCF: Bioconcentration Factor, which is used to
determine if a substance will concentrate in life forms that consume contaminated plant
or animal matter. TLm: Median threshold limit. log KOW or log KOC: Coefficient of
Oil/Water Distribution is used to assess a substance’s behavior in the environment.
REGULATORY INFORMATION:
U.S.:
EPA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. ACGIH: American Conference of
Governmental Industrial Hygienists, a professional association that establishes exposure
limits. OSHA: U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. NIOSH: National
Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, which is the research arm of OSHA. DOT:
U.S. Department of Transportation. TC: Transport Canada. SARA: Superfund
Amendments and Reauthorization Act. TSCA: U.S. Toxic Substance Control Act.
CERCLA: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.
Marine Pollutant status according to the DOT; CERCLA or Superfund; and various state
regulations. This section also includes information on the precautionary warnings that
appear on the material’s package label.
CANADA:
WHMIS: Canadian Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System. TC: Transport
Canada. DSL/NDSL: Canadian Domestic/Non-Domestic Substances List.
82-0291-01 REV. A
EFFECTIVE DATE: JUNE 13, 2011
PAGE 12 OF 12
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