BYD | F0 | Owner`s manual | BYD F0 Owner`s manual

BYD F0 Owner’s Manual
BYD Auto Co., Ltd
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Preface
Thank you for choosing BYD F0. For better use and maintenance of BYD F0 AUTO, please do read this manual carefully.
BYD F0 adopts electrical fuel injection (EFI) engine. The wiring harness is complicated, so, without permission, please do NOT add electrical
appliances such as anti-theft systems, central controlled door locks, power window, audio equipment, etc. to the AUTO; otherwise the failure
caused by it will not be covered by the “Warranty" of BYD.
Please follow strictly the instructions where “Safety Friendly Tips” and “Auto Damage” are indicated in this manual to avoid the possibility of
injuries or damages.
The notice types and their purposes are as follows
Safety Sign
Friendly Tips
Precautions to avoid vehicle damage or personal injury
Notice
Precautions to be followed to make maintenance easier
The illustrations provided in this manual are for reference only.
BYD Auto Co., Ltd. reserves the right for revising technical characteristics and contents of this manual without
prior notice.
Thank you for choosing BYD F0. Your valuables comments and proposals will be warmly welcomed.
The safety sign indicated by
the figure above means “Do
NOT do so” or “Do NOT let
it happen”.
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
.
Contents
Whole-vehicle Performance Parameters of BYD F0 ......................................................................................................... 1
Chapter 1 Operation of Instruments and Controllers ......................................................................................................... 4
1. Instrument Panel Exterior ...................................................................................................................................... 4
2. Keys and doors....................................................................................................................................................... 9
3. Seats, seat belts, steering wheel and rearview mirrors ......................................................................................... 20
4. Lighting, wipers and defrosters............................................................................................................................ 36
5. Instrument and maintenance indicators................................................................................................................ 42
6. Ignition switch and parking brake........................................................................................................................ 50
7. Auto audio system ................................................................................................................................................ 53
8. Air conditioning system ....................................................................................................................................... 59
9. Other devices........................................................................................................................................................ 67
Chapter 2 Driving Tips .................................................................................................................................................... 69
Chapter 3 Starting and Driving ........................................................................................................................................ 76
Chapter 4 Emergency Handling ....................................................................................................................................... 83
Chapter 5 Anti-corrosion and Automobile Exterior Maintenance ................................................................................... 94
Chapter 6 Maintenance Knowledge ............................................................................................................................... 100
Chapter 7 Self-Maintenance........................................................................................................................................... 106
1. Preface................................................................................................................................................................ 106
2. Engine and Chassis ............................................................................................................................................ 112
3. Electrical appliance parts ................................................................................................................................... 120
Chapter 8 Specification of parts..................................................................................................................................... 131
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Whole-vehicle Performance Parameters of BYD F0
Product Model and Name
Dimension
Wheelbase
Track
Curb Weight
Gross Weight
Tire Size
Approach Angle
Departure Angle
Front Overhang
Rear Overhang
Passengers
Maximum Speed
Engine Model
length
width
height
track front
track rear
1.0MT
mm (millimeter)
mm (millimeter)
mm (millimeter)
mm (millimeter)
mm (millimeter)
mm (millimeter)
kg (kilogram)
kg (kilogram)
°(degree)
°(degree)
mm (millimeter)
mm (millimeter)
km/h (kilometer/hour)
Pattern
Displacement
ml (milliliter)
Maximum Power Output kw/rpm (kilowatt/round per minute)
Maximum Gradeability
%
Constant-speed One-hundred-kilometer Fuel Economy
(90km/h)
L/100km
Emission Standard
3460
1618
1465
2340
1420
1410
870
1245
165/60 R14
17
31
655
465
5
≥151
BYD371QA
in-line 3-cylinder, 12-value, 4-stroke, water cooled, dual overhead cam,
closed-loop electric fuel injection control
998
50/6000
≥30
≤4.2
European III/European IV
1
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Vehicle Identification of BYD F0
Vehicle Identification Number
Vehicle Identification Number
Two vehicle identification number labels are
pasted respectively on the left upper side of
the instrument panel and the floor beam
under the co-driver seat as shown in the
above figure.
The vehicle identification number is also
marked on the manufactory nameplate at the
bottom of the right side-frame B column as
shown in the above figure.
In the above figure, 1 is the indication sign
of engine coolant, and 2 is the warning sign
of cooling fan.
Figure above shows the fuel grade
indication sign, which is pasted on the inner
side of the fuel lid.
Warning sign of the air conditioning system
2
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
indication sign of the tire pressure, which is
pasted on the lower part of the left front
door lock.
Engine Number
What the above figure shows is the warning
sign of the air bag, which is pasted on the
sun visor at the driver side.
What the above figure shows is the warning
sign of the co-driver air bag, which is pasted
on the right side of the lower body of the
instrument panel.
The engine number is marked on the engine
cylinder body as the above figure shows.
What the above figure shows is the
indication sign of the child protection
device, which is pasted above the child
protection lock on the back of the rear
vehicle door.
What the above figure shows is the
3
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-1
Chapter 1 Operation of Instruments and Controllers
1. Instrument Panel Exterior
Instrument Panel Exterior .......................................................................................................................................................... 5
Combined Meter Exterior .......................................................................................................................................................... 7
Indication signs on the combined meter..................................................................................................................................... 8
4
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Instrument Panel Exterior
1.
Side duct
2.
Tachometer (if equipped)
3.
Combined instrument
4.
Central air outlet
5.
Rearview mirror control
handle
6.
Manual
transmission
shift handle
7.
Parking brake handgrip
8.
Power window switch (if
equipped)
5
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
1.
Switch of head lights,
turn signal lights and
rear fog lights
2.
Switch of wipers and
washers
3.
Audio system
4.
Switch of front fog
lights (if equipped)
5.
Rear defroster switch (if
equipped)
6.
Air conditioner control
panel
7.
Cigar
lighter
equipped)
8.
A/C switch
9.
Emergency alarm light
(if
10. Ignition switch
11. Steering wheel position
adjustment mechanism
12. Engine hood opening
handle
6
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Combined Meter Exterior
1.Speedometer
2.Fuel gauge
3.Odometer
4.Maintenance indicator
5.Short trip reset button
7
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Indication signs on the combined meter
braking system warning light *
ABS system warning light *
seat belt indicator *
SRS warning light *
battery discharge indicator *
position indicator
low engine oil pressure indicator *
high beam indicator
engine fault indicator *
turn indication and danger warning
light
low fuel level reminding light *
front fog light indicator
low coolant temperature warning light *
rear fog light indicator
high coolant temperature warning light*
door-open warning light
Items marked with “*” are maintenance indicators. Refer to “Maintenance indicators and warning buzzers” in Section 1-5 for details.
8
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-2
Operation of Instruments and Controllers
2. Keys and doors
Keys ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 10
Side door .................................................................................................................................................................................. 11
Remote controller (if equipped) ............................................................................................................................................... 12
Rear side door windows........................................................................................................................................................... 15
Rear back door ......................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Engine hood ............................................................................................................................................................................. 16
Fuel tank cap ............................................................................................................................................................................ 18
9
BYD AUTO
Keys
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips: Please carry a spare key with
you for use when you have left the key
locked in the auto.
Key number plate
Main and auxiliary keys for autos
without central door lock control systems
1)
2)
3)
4)
Do not bend the key handle.
Do not knock at other objects with the
key.
Do not place the key where the
temperature is high, e.g. on the
instrument panel or the engine hood
under direction solar irradiation.
Do dot dip the key into water or wash
it in ultrasonic cleaning solution.
The key number is indicated on the key
number plate. Put the key number plate in a
safety place. Do not put in the car.
We suggest you write the key number down
and save it in a safety place.
Main and auxiliary keys for autos with
central door lock control systems
10
BYD AUTO
Side door
Unlocking and locking with the key
Insert the key into the key hole and turn it.
Unlock: Turn the key rightward.
Lock: Turn the key leftward.
When the auto is equipped with central door
lock control systems, the side doors and the
drive-side door will be simultaneously
locked and unlocked.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Unlocking and locking of the lock knob
Rear-door child protection lock
Unlock: Pull the lock knob upward.
Lock: Press the lock knob downward.
Shift the lock lever to the “LOCK”
position as the above figure
When the child protection lock is locked up,
the rear door cannot be opened with the
inner catch handle (can be opened with the
outer pull handle). We suggest you use this
function as long as there is a child in the car.
Friendly Tips: To lock the auto doors from
the side side, set the lock know at the
locking position before closing the front
side door, and then lift the side outer pull
handle and close the door. Take care not to
lock the key in the car.
Friendly Tips
Before actuating the auto, especially
when there is any child in the car,
please make sure the door is closed
and locked. Correct seat belt use and
door lockup is helpful to prevent the
driver and passengers from being
thrown out in case of accidents and
prevent unexpected opening of the
doors.
11
BYD AUTO
Remote controller (if equipped)
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
z
1、“
“ locking button
2、“
“ unlocking button
For manipulating any button, press it down
slowly and correctly. For locking, the turn
lights will flash once; for unlocking, the
turn lights will flash twice.
Follow the following instructions for
avoidance of remote controller damage:
z
Do not place the remote controller
where the temperature is possibly high,
e.g. on the instrument panel.
z
Do not disassemble it without
permission.
Do not knock in violently against
other objects or throw it on the
ground.
Avoid putting it in water.
If the remote controller does not work,
please check:
z
Whether there is any wireless radio
station or airport radio transmitter
nearby that may interfere with the
normal operation of the transmitter.
z
Whether the battery power has run out.
Check the battery in the transmitter.
For battery replacement, please refer
to “remote controller battery
replacement” in this section.
If the problem cannot be solved, please
contact authorized service stations of BYD.
If the remote controller is lost, please
contact immediately authorized service
stations of BYD for avoidance of burglary
accidents.
Door lockup and opening
Door lockup
Lock: Press “
“. All side door lock
motors simultaneously execute locking
action once and the turn signal lights flash
once.
Check whether all doors are truly closed.
12
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
The remote controller won’t work.
Replace the remote controller battery
according to the following procedures:
z
The operation range of remote control
becomes very narrow.
Battery replacement
CR2016 lithium batteries or equivalent
should be used for replacement. It is
suggested to have the battery replaced in a
BYD authorized service station.
Notice
Door opening
Open: Press “
“. All side door lock
motors simultaneously execute unlocking
action once and the turn signal lights flash
twice.
The action will be executed once if the
button is pressed once. Continual press of
the button won’t repeat the action. To
execute the action once again, release the
button and press it again.
The following phenomena suggest that
power in the battery of the remote controller
has possibly run out and battery
replacement is needed (see “Battery
replacement” in this page):
‹
Do not have relevant part lost in
battery replacement.
1.
Screw off the screw.
2.
Open the remote controller with a coin
or a similar tool.
‹
Only a battery of the specified
model or suggested by the BYD
authorized service station can be
used for replacement.
‹
Used batteries should be
disposed according to local laws and
regulations.
‹
Take care not to let children
swallow replaced remote controller
batteries or parts.
13
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
Notice
‹ Make sure the anode and cathode
of the remote controller battery are
correctly positioned.
‹ Without permission, do not
alter the emission frequency, increase
the emission power (by including but
not limited to adding emission
frequency amplifiers), equip external
antennas or use other emission
antennas.
‹ Do not replace the battery with
wet hands; water may lead to
unexpected rustiness.
3.
Take the used battery.
‹ Do not touch or move any part in
the remote controller; otherwise, correct
operation may be affected.
‹ When positioning a new battery in
the remote controller, pay attention not
to bend the electrodes and remove dust
and oil in the remote controller box.
After battery replacement, check whether
the remote controller can work normally. If
it still cannot work, please contact
authorized service stations of BYD.
4.
5.
‹ Use of the remote controller
should not produce any harmful
interference to any legal wireless
communication services; stop use of
the remote controller immediately if
any interference is found and do not
use it until measures have been taken
and the interference has been
eliminated.
‹ Do not use the remote controller
near aircrafts or airports.
Place a new battery in with the anode
(+) facing upward.
Close the remote controller firm and
screw up the screw.
14
BYD AUTO
Electric door windows (if equipped)
The front electric window switches at the
left/right side of the auxiliary instrument
panel can respectively control the left/right
front door windows.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Warning
For avoiding damage to people, please
read the following instructions:
z
Before closing the power windows,
make sure there is no man around the
window and make sure heads, hands and
other parts of passengers are in the car. If
necks, heads or hands of passengers are
caught by the closed window, severe
damage may be caused. Therefore,
operation safety should be ensured in
closing power windows.
z
Do not let children manipulate the
power
window
switches
without
attendance; otherwise, they may be
caught by the windows.
z
Make sure the ignition key is taken
away or is in “0” position when leaving
the car.
Rear side door windows
Open the side door glass as shown in the
above figure.
Operation of the front door window:
The ignition key should be in “II”
position.
Open: Press down the switch lightly.
Close: Pull upward the switch lightly.
Push to open the side door glass
side-opening mechanism as shown in the
above figure.
15
BYD AUTO
Close the side door glass as shown in the
above figure.
Friendly Tips
z
The rear side window should be
pushed open completely; otherwise,
the window side-opening mechanism
will automatically return.
z
Be careful when closing rear
side windows for hand-caught
avoidance.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Rear back door
Engine hood
Unlock: Insert the key into the key hole and
turn it clockwise.
When closing the rear back door, please
check whether it is effectively closed. For
considerations of baggage loading, please
refer to “Considerations of baggage
loading” in Section 2.
.
Friendly Tips
Open the engine hood:
z
In driving, make sure the rear
back door is closed. This can prevent
the baggage from being thrown out
and exhaust from entering the
compartment.
1.
Draw up the engine hood opening
handle. The engine hood will spring
up a little.
Friendly Tips
Before driving, make sure the
engine hood is closed and locked
firm. Otherwise, in driving, the
engine hood may open suddenly
and cause accidents.
16
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
‹
2.
Hold the protection area to
avoid burning.
Stand in front of the car, draw upward
the assistant handle of the engine hood
lock and lift the engine hood.
3.
Move the engine hood bracket as shown in
the above figure.
Protection Area
Insert the engine hood bracket in the
groove to keep the engine hood open.
Before closing the engine hood, check
whether there is any tool or rag left in the
engine hood. Place the engine hood bracket
back into its seat and then put down the
engine hood and check whether it is locked
up. If necessary, press its front edge to lock
it up.
As shown in the above figure, hold the
protection area and remove the engine hood
bracket from its seat.
17
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
z
After the engine hood bracket is
inserted into the groove, make sure it
firmly supports the engine hood;
otherwise, the engine hood may fall
down and hurt you.
Fuel tank cap
1.
Open the fuel filler port.
In fuel injection, the engine should be kept
turned off.
Friendly Tips
z
Do not smoke in fuel injection.
Sparks or flames will lead to fires.
This figure indicates that the fuel filler port
is on the left side of the car.
2.
For taking off the filler port lid, turn
the key anti-clockwise for 90° to
position 1 in the above figure and,
after a few seconds, take the key and
the fuel tank cap at the same time.
If the fuel tank cap still cannot be taken off,
please repeat the above operation.
When the fuel tank cap is taken out, a slight
noise can be heard. It’s normal.
18
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
z
For avoiding fuel outflow in
accidents, make sure the fuel tank
cap is screwed firm.
z
Only genuine and original fuel
tank caps for BYD F0 autos can be
used for the replacement purpose.
They can adjust the pressure of the
fuel tank.
3.
For mounting the fuel tank cap, insert
the key with the fuel tank cap into the
fuel hose, turn the key clockwise for
90° to position 1 in the above figure
and then take the key out.
z
For opening the fuel tank, the
cap should not be taken off suddenly.
In hot weather, if the fuel tank cap is
taken off suddenly, pressurized fuel
may spurt out from the filling port
and cause human damage.
19
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-3
Operation of Instruments and Controllers
3. Seats, seat belts, steering wheel and rearview mirrors
Seats ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
Front seats ................................................................................................................................................................................ 21
Integrated foldable rear seat ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
Head protection device............................................................................................................................................................. 22
Seat belts .................................................................................................................................................................................. 22
Airbag for the driver and the front passenger .......................................................................................................................... 25
Outer rearview mirrors............................................................................................................................................................. 34
Inner rearview mirror ............................................................................................................................................................... 35
20
BYD AUTO
Seats
When the automobile is driving, all
passengers should adjust the seat backs
straightly upward, lean on the seat backs on
the back and use the seat belts correctly.
Friendly Tips
The auto should not be actuated
until all passengers have been seated
down well. Do not sit on the upper back
part of a folded seat or on trunk or
baggage. In emergency braking or
collisions, passengers whole have sat
straight or had the seat belts buckled up
may be seriously injured.
In driving, do not let passengers
stand up or move among seats;
otherwise, they may be seriously injured
in emergency braking or collisions.
Front seats
Considerations of seat adjustment
Adjust the driver seat to include the pedals,
the steering wheel and the instrument panel
controller into the easy-control range of the
controller.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
Do not adjust the seat when the
car is driving, since sudden movement
of the seat may lead to auto control
failure.
In seat adjustment, take care to
avoid collision between the seat and
passengers or baggage.
After the seat is adjustment,
make sure it is locked up at its
position.
After seat adjustment, lean
backward to see whether the seat
back is locked up at its position.
Do not place things under the
seat; this may affect the seat lockup
mechanism and lead to some
movement of the seat, causing auto
control failure.
In seat adjustment, do not put
your hand under the seat or near
moving parts; otherwise, your hand
or fingers may be injured.
Front seat adjustment
Front seat with
double angel
adjustment rod
(Optional)
Front seat with
single angel
adjustment rod
(Optional)
1. Seat front-rear position adjustment rod
Hold the middle of rod 1 and pull it upward,
move the seat frontward and backward to the
desired position and then release the rod.
2. Seat back angle adjustment rod
Hold rod 2 and pull it backward, slope the back
to the desired angle and then release the rod.
21
BYD AUTO
Friendly Tips
Seat belts can provide the
maximum protection in collision
accidents if the driver and passengers
sit straight and lean on the seat
backs. If you lean on the seat back
obliquely, the seat belt part for the
waist may slide over your hip and
directly exerts pressure on your belly.
In front-collision accidents, over
obliquity of the seat may increase the
risk of human injuries.
Rear seats
Integrated fixed rear seat
Integrated foldable rear seat
(Optional)
F0 Owner’s Manual
Head protection device
Head Protection
Device
Pull the right and left sides of the rear seat
back simultaneously backward. The left and
right unlocking belts will unlock the seat
back and fold it downward. The trunk will
be expanded to the backs of the front seats.
For considerations of baggage loading, refer
to “Considerations of baggage loading”
in Section 2.
Friendly Tips
When returning the seat back to the
upright position, to prevent human
injuries in accidents or emergency
braking, the following preventive
measures should be taken:
Pull and push the seat back to make
sure it is firmly locked up.
Make sure the seat belt is not bent or
caught by the seat back and arrange it
in the correct position.
For safety and comfort, the seats are
equipped with head protection devices
Seat belts
Consideration for use of seat belts:
BYD strongly require that the driver and
passenger in the vehicle wear seat belts at
any time to reduce the possibility of injuries
in accidents.
Seat belts equipped on the vehicle are
designed for adults and should be applied to
children with caution.
22
BYD AUTO
It is suggested to seat children in the rear
seat with child chairs and fasten the seat belt
for protection. According to accident
statistics, it is safer to correctly protect
children in the rear seat than in the front
seat.
If a child has to be arranged in the front seat,
it is necessary to use a child seat and fasten
the seat belt correctly; otherwise, in
accidents, the airbag will deploy quickly
and cause severe injury to the child.
Arranged in the front seat or the rear seat,
children should not be allowed to stand or
kneel. In emergency braking or crashes,
unprotected children may be seriously
injured. Similarly, do not seat children on
your legs; as such, they won’t be fully
protected.
Friendly Tips
When the vehicle is driving, passengers
in it should sit in the seats and fasten
the seat belts correctly; otherwise, in
emergency braking or crashes, people
in the car are more prone to severe
injuries.
In use of seat belts, the following
instructions should be abided by:
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
In a time length, a seat belt can only
be used by one person. It’s not allowed
that two or more persons share one seat
belt—even for children.
z
Do not incline the seat back over. The
seat belt has the best protection effect when
the seat back is in the upright position.
(Refer to instructions on seat adjustment)
z
Caution: do not destroy the belt or
hardware of the seat belt; prevent them from
being caught in the seat or the door.
z
Check the seat belt regularly to see
whether it has cutting lines, worn or loose
parts. Damaged parts should be replaced
with new ones; the system should not be
disassembled or modified.
z
Keep the seat belt clean and dry. For
cleaning, use neutral soap water or slightly
hot water. Bleaching agents, dyes or
grinding cleaning agents are not suitable for
seat belt cleaning—they may severely
reduce the protection performance of the
seat belt. (See “Interior cleaning” in
Section 5)
z
After serious crashes, the seat belt
system (including screws) should be
replaced, even if the damage is not so
marked.
Friendly Tips
After the tab is inserted, make sure it
is locked up firm to the buckle and
the seat belt is not twisted.
Do not leave small objects, e.g. coins,
paper clips, etc. in the buckle. They
may affect the connection of the tab
and the buckle.
If the seat belt functions abnormally,
immediately inform BYD authorized
service stations. Before repaired, it
cannot protect passengers or children
and may cause injuries.
Three-point
seat belt
23
BYD AUTO
Adjust the seat according to your demand
and sit upright in it; then, lean on the seat
back. To fasten your belt, pull it out of the
retractor and insert the tab into the buckle.
After the tab is inserted into the buckle, a
clicking sound can be heard.
Length of the seat belt can be automatically
adjusted according to the passenger figure
and the seat position.
In emergency braking or crashes, the
retractor will lock the seat belt. If you
incline forward too fast, it will also be
locked. Slow and steady operation can
lengthen the seat belt so that you can feel
free.
If you cannot pull the seat belt out from the
retractor, tug it and then release it slowly.
Then, you can pull it out from the retractor
successfully.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Tug the loose
part
z
For safety considerations, do
not place the shoulder seat belt below
your arm.
Too high
Keep this part as low as
your hip
Adjust the seat belt at the waist and the
shoulder.
Keep the waist belt as low as the hip as far
as possible—do not buckle it at your waist.
Then, tug the shoulder part upward through
the catch plate and adjust the seat belt to an
appropriate position.
Friendly Tips
z
Waist seat belts fastened too
high and seat belts assembled loosely
may slide below the waist and cause
severe injuries in crashes or other
accidents. Therefore, keep the waist
belt as low as the hip as far as
possible.
To release the belt, press the buckle-release
button on the buckle. The seat belt will
automatically retract.
If the seat belt cannot smoothly retract
automatically, tug it out to see whether there
is any knot or twist.
Friendly Tips
z
It should be make sureed that
the shoulder seat belt passes over the
shoulder center. The seat belt should
be somewhat far away from the neck
without sliding off the shoulder.
Otherwise, its protection effect may
24
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
be reduced and severe human
injuries may be caused in crash
accidents.
Two-point seat belt
pull
Retract the excessive length of the seat belt
and adjust its position to keep it as low as
the hip as far as possible.
To shorten the seat belt, tug the unfixed end.
Keep the waist belt as low as the hip as far
as possible—do not buckle it at your waist.
Friendly Tips
Sit upright in your seat and lean on the back.
Fasten the seat belt and insert the tab into
the buckle.
After the tab is inserted into the buckle, a
clicking sound can be heard.
If the seat belt is not long enough, keep the
tab perpendicular to the seat belt and tug the
tab.
too high
Adjust to an
appropriate
position
Waist seat belts fastened too
high and assembled loosely may slide
below the waist and cause severe
injuries in crashes or other accidents.
Therefore, keep the waist belt as low
as the hip as far as possible.
Sidebag and windowbag (Optional)
Supplemental restraint system (optional)
Supplemental restraint system (SRS,
abbreviated as airbag system) is a
supplement to seat belts. The airbag system
can provide extra protection for heads and
chests of the driver and passengers and
reduce casualties in severe frontal crashes.
Airbag for the driver and the front
passenger
The airbag system cannot take the place of
seat belts and is only a part of the whole
passive safety protection system of the
automobile. Note that the airbag system has
25
BYD AUTO
the best protection performance only when
working together with fastened seat belts.
Therefore, for the safety of yourself and
your family, please pay special attention to
the “Friendly Tips” and “Notice” in
this section.
Friendly Tips
Please keep the seat belt fastened
when the vehicle is driving!
Please keep sitting in a correction
posture so that the protection effect
of the seat belt and the airbag system
can be taken into full play.
Do not dismount parts of the airbag
without permission!
F0 Owner’s Manual
The airbag system is monitored by an
electronic control unit and provided with
self-diagnosis function. The system state
can be indicated by a warning light on
the combined meter:
Each time after the ignition switch is turned
on, the airbag warning light turns on for
about 5s and then goes out for longer than
5s, the system can be considered as normal.
If the airbag has already been deactivated by
a BYD authorized service station, but the
warning light still turns on and goes out as
above, it means the airbag has no protection
function.
The warning light system is used for
monitoring the airbag ECU, the collision
sensor, the inflation device, the warning
light, wires and the power supply. (For
details, please refer to “Maintenance
indicators and warning buzzers” in Section
1-5.)
Notice
The following problems suggest faults
of the airbag system:
The warning light won’t shine after
the ignition switch is turned on.
5s after the ignition switch is turned
on, the warning light won’t go out
or start flashing again and shine after
going out.
The warning light turns on again
after the ignition switch is turned off.
The warning light turns on or flashes
when the vehicle is driving.
Friendly Tips
In case of faults, have the airbag
system checked immediately in a
BYD authorized service station.
Otherwise, in accidents, partial or all
function of the airbag system may be
affected!
Airbag triggering conditions
The airbag is designed to be triggered under
the following conditions: severe frontal
collision accidents will trigger the airbag
system; special collision accidents may
trigger the airbag system.
26
BYD AUTO
In general, the airbag system won’t be
triggered in mild front collision or side
collision accidents, in rear end collisions or
in turn-over accidents. In such accidents, the
seat belt, if fastened, can protect the driver
in the normal way.
The decisive factor for triggering the airbag
system is the comprehensive intelligent
comparison and judgment of the
deceleration curve produced in a collision
and acquired by the electronic control unit
(ECU) and the set value. If the automobile
deceleration signal produced and detected in
the collision is lower than the set reference
value in the ECU, the airbag won’t be
triggered even though the car may have
been severely deformed in the accident.
ECU setting of BYD airbag system takes
various common misuse and domestic road
conditions into full consideration. However,
reasons and conditions of crashes are
variable, so, for your safety, please abide
strictly by this manual, use the automobile
correctly and avoid misuse; otherwise, the
expected protection effect of the airbag
cannot be ensured.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Protection principle of the airbag
Once the airbag system is triggered, air will
be immediately inflated into the airbag and
make it full in front of the driver and the
passenger. The occupants will fall into the
expanded airbag and the forward inertia will
be polishered, thereby reducing the degrees
of injuries to their heads, necks and chests.
The specially developed airbag can, after
expanded and then pressed by the driver and
the passenger in an accident, absorb energy
and discharge the air out at a certain rate so
as to reduce the effort of the airbag on the
occupants and relieve injuries to them. After
the accident, air in the bag can be basically
discharged, so the frontward vision won’t
be hindered.
The airbag can be expanded within a few
fractions of a second so as to provide extra
protection for the driver and the passenger
in accidents.
occupant poisoning. A little smoke will be
emitted after the airbag is expanded; it’s
normal and not the indication of a fire, so
please do not worry about it.
The airbag system possibly won’t be
triggered in the following accidents:
Hitting on a cement pole, a tree or
other slim objects
Crashing into the bottom of a truck
Airbag expansion can produce a rather loud
noise but, in general, won’t cause injuries
(the possibility of ear ringing or temporary
deafness is not excluded, but these problems,
if happening, can recover soon). The gas
produced in triggering the airbag system
may have some smell but won’t lead to
27
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
The airbag may be triggered in the
following accidents:
Rear Crash
Hit by other vehicles on the side
Bumping into the wall with an angle
Side rollover
Hitting on protruding objects, a
safety island or stones by the road
Bumping into a deep hole
The airbag possibly won’t be triggered in
the above cases as shown in the figures.
28
BYD AUTO
Hitting on the ground at the bottom of
a slope
The above accidents as shown in the figures
may trigger the airbag.
The airbag may be triggered if the
automobile is severely impacted by the
bottom.
Notice
The airbag is designed to match the
certain vehicle models. Any changes
of the suspension, the tire size, the
bumper, the chassis and other
original equipment may adversely
affect the function of the airbag. In
addition, it is strictly prohibited to
apply any airbag parts to other
vehicle models; otherwise it might
lead to safety airbag system failure,
resulting in personal injuries.
During driving, please wear the seat
F0 Owner’s Manual
belt correctly and maintain a correct
sitting posture. If you haven’t worn
the seat belt and lean forward or sit
in an incorrect posture, the risk of
injuries in accidents with airbag
expansion may be increased.
It’s very important for the driver to
maintain a distance of at least 25cm
between the chest and the steering
wheel since only by doing so can the
maximum protection effect be
provided when the system is
triggered. That is to say, it’s
necessary to adjust the front seats
and the headrest according to the
figure of each occupant; in addition,
the driver’s arms should be bent
only a little and stretched nearly
straight.
Do not paste or cover the surface of
the steering wheel lid or the surface
near the airbag on the right of the
instrument panel with any objects or
do any other decorative treatment.
Telephone supports, cups, ashtrays,
etc. can increase the risk of injuries
in accidents with airbag inflation.
The surface of the steering wheel lid
or the surface near the airbag on the
right of the instrument panel should
be cleaned with only dry or slightly
wetted cloth and should not be
knocked at violently.
Don’t let child passenger sit in the
front seat without protection. If a
collision triggers the air bag, the child
passenger may get seriously injured
or even killed.
Don’t stay or put any animals or
objects near the driver, the front seat
passenger and the air bags. It is
extremely dangerous for an adult to
hold a child on the legs.
Don’t make any modifications to
none parts of the airbag system,
including corresponding labels.
All modification to the airbag,
including the repair other parts (such
as detachment of the steering wheel)
can only be made in BYD authorized
service stations.
The airbag system must be replaced
in a BYD authorized service station
within 15 years as of the date of
delivery (manufacture date indicated
in the certificate).
The air bag can only provide
protection once. Once the air bag is
29
BYD AUTO
triggered or damaged, the system
must be replaced.
Please hand our materials to the next
owner of the vehicle in transfers.
Please note that if the airbag is shut
down, the information should be
informed the next owner of as well.
When disposing the parts of the
vehicle or the airbag system, please
comply with correlative safety
regulations and disposal procedures.
BYD authorized service stations have
a good knowledge of these regulations
and the detailed disposal procedures.
The air bag system has strong
resistance capacity against the
surrounding
electromagnetic
interference. However, to avoid
accidents, please do not use the
vehicle beyond the electromagnetic
environment specified by national
laws.
The airbag system of BYD auto has
taken into full consideration various
kinds of misuses and road conditions.
However, avoid serious crashes
happen in the bottom of the vehicle
or drive toughly in poor road
conditions in order to prevent
accidents.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Shut down the airbag
According to applicable regulations, airbags
for the driver and the passenger in the front
seat can only be shut down in some cases
such as:
z
When it is impossible to keep a
25cm distance between the center of the
steering wheel and the chest of the driver
even though the driver seat is adjusted
properly.
z
When special equipment needs to be
installed for the disabled within the range
of the steering wheel.
z
When the front seats cannot
maintain the manufacturer’s setting
location after adjustment due to some
reasons
Shutdown of the airbag system should be
conducted by a BYD authorized service
station. After a certain airbag is shut down,
the BYD authorized service station will
paste a label on the corresponding position
and make a record.
Friendly Tips
If the air bag system needs to be
shut down in some special occasions,
please have it done in a BYD
authorized service station. Otherwise,
serious injuries or death may be
incurred!
z
If the airbag protection function
is to be recovered, please go to a BYD
authorized service station for help.
Supplemental information
z
Please read this manual thoroughly.
If you want to sell or disconnect the
vehicle, please notify the owner or the
demolition department that the car is
equipped with the airbag system, and
recommend them to read the manual
carefully.
z
If the airbag system is working,
please don’t touch any part of the airbag
module (you may be burned), and ask a
BYD authorized service station for
detachment treatment. Once the air bag
system has functioned, please install a
new airbag system after it is removed.
30
BYD AUTO
The airbag system only functions in
case of serious frontal collisions. It
doesn’t mean that the airbag system has
problems when it doesn’t respond to the
collision. Incorrect maintenance or
failure to repair faulty parts may affect
the normal performance of the airbag
system.
System parts
F0 Owner’s Manual
4. central control unit (ECU)
5. airbag module for the driver (airbag and
inflation device)
6. airbag module for seat side (bisidely
symmetrical) (Optional)
7. window bagmodule(bisidely symmetrical) (Optional)
8. side collision sensor (bisidely symmetrical) (Optional)
9. clock spring
front row can inflate quickly with
high tension, so do move the seat
backward as far as possible.
Otherwise, it may cause injury or
even death of children sitting there.
Considerations
Warning
The airbag system consists mainly of the
following parts, the arrangement of which is
shown in the above figure:
1. airbag collision sensor (bisidely
symmetrical)
2. SRS warning light
3. airbag module for the occupant in the
front row (airbag and inflation device)
Move the seat
backward
Warning

Child protection equipment
should not be added to the front
passenger seat unless necessary. Since
the airbag for the occupant in the
When the vehicle is driving, do
not sit on the edge of the seat or bend
over the instrument panel, since
when the airbag inflates fast with
powerful force, occupants directly
contacting or nearing the airbag may
be killed or severely injured. Please
keep sitting in a correct posture and
please fasten your seat belt correctly.
31
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Nonobservance of these instructions may
lead to deaths or severe injuries. Please
consult BYD authorized service stations for
detailed items on repair and modification.
Warning
Warning
BYD strongly suggests seating and
correctly fixing all babies and children
in the rear seat.
Never allow children to stand or
kneel down on the front seat. The
airbag for the occupant in the front seat
can inflate rather quickly with powerful
force and may kill or severely injure the
children.
Do not place children on your knees
or hold them in your arms. Please equip
children protection devices on the rear
seat.
Please do not place any object on or
contact your body the front of the
instrument panel or the steering wheel
pad. They may hinder airbag inflation
or the inflation tension of the air bag
can shoot them out and lead to personal
death or injuries. Similarly, the driver
or the occupant in the front seat should
not carry objects with hands or put
object on the knees.
Please do not modify or move any
wire. Please do not modify, move, knock
or disassemble any part. Otherwise,
normal work of the airbag may be
affected; the system may work abnormally or even won’t work, causing
deaths or severe injuries.
Warning
Side air bag inflating may result in serious
injuries or even death if body tilt forward on
the front door.
To remind you of danger of side airbags,
your vehicle is posted with warning signs on
both sides of the front door frames.
32
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
Warning
Do not modify the airbag system in the
following ways before consulting BYD
authorized service stations. These
modifications may affect the normal
work of the airbag system in some
cases.
Installing electronic devices, e.g.
vehicle AM/FM radios, cassette
players or CD players.
Modifying the suspension system.
Modifying the front end structure
and side structures of the occupant
compartment.
Adding grille protection accessories
(protection grilles, bucket rods, etc.)
snowplows, winches or other devices
connected to the front end.
Doing repair work at the lower
parts of the front mudguard, the front
end structure, the control console, the
steering column, the steering wheel
and the instrument panel or on or near
the instrument panel near the airbag
for the front seat.
Do not disconnect the battery
before
contacting
the
BYD
authorized service station.
Warning
Please contact a BYD authorized
service station in case of the following
problems:
The airbag has been inflated.
The front part of the vehicle
(shaded part in the figure) is affected
in an accident; but it’s not serious
enough to trigger the airbag.
The panel part of the steering
wheel, the instrument table or the
lower part of the instrument panel
(shaded parts in the figure) is
scratched, cracked or damaged in
similar ways.
SRS warning light
When the ignition key is shifted to “Ⅱ”
and if there is no fault, the SRS warning
light will shine for 5s and then goes out.
33
BYD AUTO
Steering wheel
F0 Owner’s Manual
Outer rearview mirrors
Adjustment of outer rearview mirrors
with adjusting switches (optional)
To change the steering wheel angle,
hold the steering wheel, push down
the lock release lever, tilt the steering
wheel to the desired angle and return
the lever to its original position.
Notice
● Do not adjust the steering
wheel while the vehicle is moving.
This may cause the driver to
mishandle the vehicle and an
accident may occur.
● After adjusting the steering
wheel, try to move it upward and
downward to make sure that it is
locked in position.
Adjust the rearview mirror with this switch.
Move the switch into the desired direction.
Adjust the outer rearview mirrors to an
angle where you can just see side sides of
the vehicle.
Friendly Tips
Do not adjust the rearview
mirrors when the vehicle is driving. In
doing so, the driver may control the
vehicle
incorrectly
and
cause
accidents.
Notice
If the rearview mirror is fixed
by freezing, do not manipulate the
controller or scrape the surface of the
rearview mirror. The ice on the
surface of the rearview mirror should
be removed with a spraying deicer.
34
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Inner rearview mirror
Adjustment of outer rearview mirrors
without adjusting switches
Adjust the outer rearview mirrors with your
hand to an angle where you can just see side
sides of the vehicle.
In addition, please pay attention to contents
in the “Friendly Tips” and “Notice” on the
previous page.
Folding of outer rearview mirrors
The outer rearview mirrors can be folded
backward as shown in the above figure.
Notice
Please do not exceed its journey
when folding the outer rearview
mirror backward; otherwise, it may
be damaged.
Friendly Tips
Please do not drive when folding
the outer rearview mirror backward.
Please adjust the outer rearview
mirror before starting to drive.
Adjust the inner rearview mirror to an angle
where you can just see the rear of the
vehicle in it.
In night driving, you can pull the adjusting
rod toward yourself to weaken the dazzling
irradiation of front lights of the following
vehicle.
Daytime driving——the rod is in position 1.
When the rod is in this position, reflection
in the rearview mirror has good clarity.
Night driving——the rod is in position 2.
The rearview clarity may be reduced by
some extent for glare weakening.
.
35
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-4
Operation of Instruments and Controllers
4. Lighting, wipers and defrosters
Headlights and turn signal lights.............................................................................................................................................. 37
Emergency warning lights ....................................................................................................................................................... 38
Rear fog lights.......................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Reading light............................................................................................................................................................................ 39
Front windshield wipers and washers ...................................................................................................................................... 39
Rear windshield wipers and washers ....................................................................................................................................... 39
Rear windshield defrosters (optional) ...................................................................................................................................... 40
Front fog lights (optional) ........................................................................................................................................................ 41
36
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Headlights and turn signal lights
Light indication buzzer
Head lights
If the parking lights are on and the ignition
key is in position “0", the light indication
buzzer will remind turning off the lights
when you open the door at the driver side.
Rotate the head light knob at the top end of
the left combined switch to turn on the
following lights:
Notice
‹ For prevention of battery
discharge, when the engine is in rest
state, do not keep lights on for long
time.
Position 1——parking lights, tail lights,
registration plate lights, background lights
of the combined meter, indicator (green) of
parking lights on the combined meter, and
tail light indicators.
Position 2——head lights
above-mentioned lights.
and
High beam and low beam lights——rotate
the light knob at the top end of the left
combined switch to the front lighting light
position. Pull the left combined switch to
position 2 to turn on Low beam lights; push
the left combined switch away from
yourself (to position 1) to turn on the high
beam. Then both high beam and low beam
lights are on.
The high beam indicator (blue) on the
combined meter indicates that the high
beam are on.
Flashing high beam (position 3)——pull
the left combined switch toward your body
(position 3). When the left combined switch
is released, the high beam will stop flashing.
The high beam indicator (blue) on the
combined meter indicates that the high
beam are flashing.
When the knob is rotated to the “OFF”
position, the high beam will flashing.
all
37
BYD AUTO
Turn signal lights
F0 Owner’s Manual
Emergency warning lights
Notice
For prevention of battery
discharge, when the engine is in rest
state, do not keep lights on for long
time.
Rear fog lights
To send out a steering signal, turn the left
combined switch upward or downward to
position 1.
The ignition key should be in position
“II”.
After the vehicle has made the turn, the
handle can return to its original position
automatically. But in lane changes, it should
be manually returned.
To turn on emergency warning lights, press
this switch down once. Then, all turn signal
lights will flash. To turn off the lights, press
this switch again.
If the vehicle has to be parked where traffic
accidents can be caused, the emergency
warning lights should be turned on to
remind other drivers. If possible, park the
vehicle away from the road.
When emergency warning lights are on, the
steering signal light switch won’t function.
Rotate the lighting knob to the front lighting
light position and then rotate the signal light
knob (shaded part in the figure) to position
“ “ to turn on rear fog lights.
The rear fog light indicator (yellow) on the
combined meter will indicate the rear fog
lights are on.
38
BYD AUTO
When the lighting knob is rotated to
“OFF”, the signal light knob will
automatically rotate to position “OFF”
and the rear fog lights will automatically go
out.
F0 Owner’s Manual
door is closed, the light will be turned off.
Front windshield
washers
wipers
and
Reading light
To wipe the front windshield only once,
push the right combined switch upward and
then release it.
To eject detergent, turn the right combined
switch to yourself and then release it.
For details on detergent addition, please
refer to “Detergent addition” in Part 3 of
Section 7.
In freezing whether, to use the washers, the
windshield should first be heated with the
defrosters. Otherwise, the detergent may
freeze on the windshield and hinder your
vision.
Notice
Slide the switch to turn on the reading light.
The reading light switch has the following
positions:
(ON)——keep the lights on.
(OFF)——turn off the reading
light.
To turn on the front windshield wipers, the
ignition key should be in position “II”.
Turn the right combined switch to the
desired set position.
Position
position 1
position 2
position 3
‹ Do not turn on the water wipers
when the front windshield is dry;
otherwise, the glass may be scraped.
Speed Setting
intermittent
slow
fast
(DOOR)——when the door is
opened, the light will be turned on; after the
39
BYD AUTO
Rear windshield wipers and
washers
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
‹ Do not turn on the water wipers
when the front windshield is dry;
otherwise, the glass may be scraped.
Rear windshield defrosters
(optional)
windshield defroster switch indicator turns
on, indicating the defrosters are working.
The defrosters can be turned off by pressing
this switch again.
When the rear windshield becomes clear,
make sure the defrosters are turned off.
Long-time working of the defrosters may
lead to battery discharge. The defrosters are
not designed for drying raindrops and
snowmelt.
Notice
‹ To prevent battery discharge, turn
off the defrosters when the engine is
stopped.
To turn on the front windshield wipers, the
ignition key should be in position “II”.
Turn the rear wiping and washing knob to
position “ON” (position 1).
To eject detergent, rotate the rear wiping
and washing knob upward or downward as
far as possible (position 2 or position 3).
After released, the knob can automatically
return.
For details on detergent addition, please
refer to “Detergent addition” in Part 3 of
Section 7.
‹ When cleaning inner surface of the
rear windshield, take care not to scrape
or damage the electric heating wires or
the connecters.
To remove fog or frost on the rear
windshield, press this switch down. The
ignition key should be in position “II”.
The thin electric heating wires in the rear
windshield can quickly make the rear
windshield clear. At the same time, the rear
40
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
‹ Do not turn on the water wipers
when the rear windshield is dry;
otherwise, the glass may be scraped.
Front fog lights (optional)
To turn on the front fog lights, first rotate
the left combined switch lighting knob to
position 1 or 2 and then press the front fog
light switch; otherwise, even if the front fog
light switch is pressed down, they won’t
shine.
The front fog light indicator (green) on the
combined meter will indicate the front fog
lights are working.
To turn off the front fog lights, turn off
parking lights or press the front fog lights
down again.
41
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-5
Operation of instruments and controllers
5. Instrument and maintenance indicators
Fuel gauge................................................................................................................................................................................ 43
Engine coolant temperature warning light ............................................................................................................................... 43
Speedometer (optional) ............................................................................................................................................................ 44
Odometer, trip odometer .......................................................................................................................................................... 44
Instructions on maintenance indicators and warning buzzers .................................................................................................. 45
42
BYD AUTO
Fuel gauge
When the ignition key is in position “II”,
the fuel gauge detects and displays the
approximate volume of fuel remaining in
the fuel tank.
Fuel tank is nearly full——dialing position
“1/1”;
Fuel nearly runs out——dialing position
“R”.
The fuel level should be kept at 1/3 or above
of the fuel tank capacity.
When the fuel level is near “R” or the
low fuel level warning light turns on, the
fuel tank should be filled immediately.
On slopes or turning roads, the fuel level
F0 Owner’s Manual
display may fluctuate due to motion of fuel
in the fuel tank, or the low fuel level
warning light may shine earlier than usual.
temperature is normal, the engine coolant
low-temperature warning light will shine for
6s and then go out.
Engine coolant temperature
warning light
Engine coolant temperature is too high
When the ignition key is in position “II”,
the engine coolant temperature warning
light on the combined meter can indicate the
temperature state of the engine coolant if it
is too high or too low. The working
temperature of the engine will change with
whether and the engine load.
When the ignition key is rotated to position
“ Ⅱ ” and if the engine coolant
If the engine coolant temperature is too high,
the high-temperature warning light will
shine; if the engine temperature increases
continually, the light will continue shining.
If the temperature is too high, stop and let
the engine cool.
Under the following working conditions, the
engine may become too hot:
z
Climbing for long in hot weather.
z
Slowing down or stopping after
driving at high speed.
z
Driving with frequent stops or idling
the engine for long with the air conditioning
system turned on.
z
Towing a trailer.
43
BYD AUTO
Notice
F0 Owner’s Manual
Speedometer (optional)
Odometer, trip odometer
The speedometer displays the rotation speed
of the engine by rpm (rounds per minute).
It’s used for selecting the proper shifting
time in driving so as to prevent lug down
and over-speed operation of the engine.
Driving with the engine rotating at
over-speed will lead to over-wear of the
engine and fuel waste.
When the ignition switch is turned to
position “III”, zero-return of the
speedometer dial doesn’t indicate faults.
The LCD provides the following
information:
1 . Odometer——displaying the total
mileage your auto has run for.
2.Trip odometer——displaying the mileage
your automobile has run for since when the
trip odometer was set as zero.
3.Trip odometer zero-return button——for
adjusting the display of the trip odometer to
zero and switching the meter display.
To switch the meter display, quickly press
and release the button. The display will be
switched from the odometer to the trip
odometer and vice versa.
To adjust the display of the trip odometer to
zero, first display the reading of the trip
odometer and then hold the button until the
display becomes zero.
‹ Do not take the thermostat in
the engine cooling system away;
otherwise, the engine may become too
cold. The thermostat is used for
controlling flow of the coolant so that
the engine temperature can be kept
in the regulated operation range.
‹ If the engine is too hot, stop
driving immediately. Refer to “If the
auto is too hot” in Section 4.
Engine coolant temperature is too low
If the engine coolant temperature is too low,
the low-temperature warning light will shine;
if the engine temperature drops continually,
the light will continue shining. If the engine
temperature is too low, please pre-heat the
engine and then actuate the automobile.
Notice
‹ If the dial goes into the red
region, the engine may be severely
damaged.
44
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Instructions on maintenance indicators and warning buzzers
If the indicator turns on or the buzzer buzzes….
Do according to the following instructions
(a)
If the parking brake is not used, please stop immediately and contact a BYD
authorized service station.
(b)
(indicator and buzzer)
Fasten the seat belt for the driver
(c)
Stop and check
(d)
Stop and check
(e)
Send the automobile to a BYD authorized service station
(f)
Check whether all doors are closed.
45
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
(g)
Stop and check
If the indicator turns on or the buzzer buzzes….
Do according to the following instructions
(h)
Send the automobile to a BYD authorized service station. If the braking system
warning light also turns on, stop immediately and contact a BYD authorized service
station.
(i)
(j)
(optional)
(optional)
Light indication buzzer
Immediately send the automobile to a BYD authorized service station for
maintenance.
Turn off the lights.
46
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
(a) Brake system warning light
When the ignition key is in position “II”,
the light will shine in the following
conditions:
z
When the brake fluid level is low.
z
When the parking brake is drawn for
parking.
Friendly Tips
z
It’s very dangerous to drive
when the brake fluid level is low.
Have the vehicle checked in a BYD
authorized service station if the following
problems occur:
z
The ignition key in
the light won’t shine
parking brake is used.
z
The ignition key in
the light won’t go out
parking brake is released.
position “II”,
even when the
position “II”,
even when the
Friendly Tips
In case of any of the following
problems, stop and park the vehicle
in a safe place immediately and
contact a BYD authorized service
station:
z
The engine running, the light
won’t go out even when the parking
brake is released.
Under such conditions, the brake
may be working abnormally and the
brake distance will be lengthened.
Push the brake pedal forcefully so
stop the vehicle immediately.
z
The brake system warning light
turns on while the “ABS” warning
light is shining.
Under such conditions, not only the
ABS system won’t function in
braking, but also the vehicle will
become extremely unstable.
(b) Driver seat belt indicator and
indicator buzzer
The light and the buzzer are used for
reminding the driver to fasten the seat belt.
Once the ignition key is turned to position
“II” and if the seat belt for the driver is
not well fastened, the indicator will flash for
6 times and the buzzer will buzz for 6 times.
If then the vehicle remains still, the
indicator will shine continually and the
buzzer will stop buzzing; if then the vehicle
is driving, the indicator will flash for 6
times and the buzzer will buzz for 6 times
every 30s.
(c) Discharge indicator
The light is used for indicating that the
battery is in discharging state.
When the ignition key is in position “II”,
the indicator will shine; in normal
conditions, after the engine is started, the
indicator will go out.
Temporary shining of the warning light
doesn’t suggest fault existence.
47
BYD AUTO
Notice
‹ Shining of the light during
engine operation indicates faults of
the charging system or break of the
engine belt. Please drive the vehicle
away from the road and park it in a
safety place and then immediately
stop the engine. Inform a BYD
authorized service station for help.
(d) Low engine oil pressure indicator
The light is used for indicating that the
engine oil pressure is too low.
In driving, if the light flashes or keeps
shining, drive away from the lane and park
the vehicle in a safety place and then
immediately stop the engine. Ask a BYD
authorized service station for help.
The light may flash occasionally when the
engine is idling or shine temporarily after
emergency braking.
However, if it goes out when the engine
accelerates gradually, the problem may be
neglected.
F0 Owner’s Manual
When the engine oil level is very low, the
light can also shine. This light is not used
for showing low engine oil levels; the
engine oil level should be determined with
an oil measuring tape.
Notice
‹ Do not drive the vehicle—even
for a short distance—when the
indicator is shining; otherwise, the
engine may be damaged.
(e) Engine fault indicator
The light will shine if the electronic fuel
injection system of engine has faults or the
pollutant emission has exceeded the control
standard.
If the light turns on in driving, inform a
BYD authorized service station to examine
the vehicle as soon as possible.
(f) Door-open warning light
Whatever position the key is in, the warning
light will shine as long as there is a door
open.
(g) Low fuel level warning light
The light will shine if the fuel in the fuel
tank nearly runs out. Add plenty of fuel as
soon as possible.
When the vehicle is climbing a steep slope
or turning, the low fuel level warning light
may shine earlier than usual due to shake of
the fuel in the fuel tank.
(h) “ABS” warning light (optional)
When the ignition key is turned to position
“II”, the warning light will shine. If the
ABS system works normally, the warning
light will go out after a few seconds. If the
system has faults, the warning light will
shine again.
When the “ABS” warning light is shining
(the brake system warning light is out), the
ABS system won’t work, but the brake
system can still work normally.
When the “ABS” warning light is shining
(the brake system warning light is out), the
ABS system won’t work, so in emergency
braking or braking on slippery roads, the
wheels will be locked.
48
BYD AUTO
Both of the conditions can indicate certain
monitoring parts in the warning light system
have faults. If either of the conditions
happens, contact a BYD authorized service
station as soon as possible to have the
vehicle checked.
z
When the ignition key is turned to
position “II”, the light shine is on
continually or can not turn on.
z
The light turns on in driving.
In
operation, temporary shining of the
warning light does not suggest problem
existence.
Friendly Tips
z
If the “ABS” warning light
turns on when the brake system
warning light is shining, park the
vehicle in a safe place immediately
and contact a BYD authorized
service station.
F0 Owner’s Manual
(i) SRS warning light (optional)
The ignition key turned to position “II”,
the light turns on for about 5s and then goes
out, indicating the airbag system is working
normally.
The warning light system is used for
monitoring the airbag ECU, the collision
sensor, the inflation device, the warning
lights, wires and the power supply.
(j) Lighting indication buzzer
When the parking lights or head lights are
on, the ignition key is turned to position
“0” or taken away, and the door at the
driver side is not closed, the buzzer will
sound to remind the drive to turn off the
parking lights or head lights before leaving
the vehicle.
.
If any of the conditions happens, it means
certain parts monitored by the warning light
system have faults. Contact a BYD
authorized service station as soon as
possible to have the vehicle checked.
z
When the ignition key is turned to
position “II”, the light turns on for about
5s and then keeps flashing.
z
When the ignition key is turned to
position “II”, the light won’t shine or
flash.
z
The light turns on in driving.
Under such cases, not only the ABS
system won’t work in braking, but
also the vehicle will become
extremely unstable.
49
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-6
Operation of Instruments and Controllers
6. Ignition switch and parking brake
Ignition switch with steering wheel self-locking mechanism .................................................................................................. 51
Parking brake ........................................................................................................................................................................... 51
50
BYD AUTO
Ignition switch with steering wheel
self-locking mechanism
F0 Owner’s Manual
This is the position for normal driving.
“Ⅰ”——Accessory apparatuses, e.g. the
radio, can operate, but the engine stops.
“0”——The engine stops and the steering
wheel is locked. The key can be taken off
only when in this position.
The key can be turned from position “I”
to “0” only after pressed in.
In engine startup, the key seems to be
caught in position “0”. To release it, first
make sure it is completely inserted in and
then rotating the steering wheel when
turning the key.
When the ignition key is turned to position
“III”, “I” or “0”, if dials of the
speedometer and the tachometer returns to
the bottom or only swing a little, faults are
indicated.
Friendly Tips
“Ⅲ”——Start the starter. After released,
the key will return to position “II”.
For the starting method, refer to Section 3.
“ Ⅱ ” — — Start engine operation and
powering all accessory electric appliances.
z
It is forbidden to take the key
out in driving; otherwise, the steering
wheel will be locked and the steering
operation will go out of control.
Notice
‹ When the engine is free, to
prevent battery discharge, do not
keep the key in position “I”.
Parking brake
In parking, lift up the parking brake firmly
to prevent the vehicle from sliding.
Applying: Lift the handle of the parking
brake. To get better retaining force, push
and hold the brake pedal with your foot
until the parking brake is lifted up.
Release: Lift the handle of the parking brake
lightly (1), press in the lock-release button
(2) and then put the parking brake down (3).
51
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
The parking brake indicator will shine until
the parking brake is released to show the
parking brake has been set.
Friendly Tips
z
Before driving, make sure the
parking brake is completely released
and the parking brake indicator is out.
52
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-7
Operation of Instruments and Controllers
7. Auto audio system
Audio system reference............................................................................................................................................................ 54
Function instruction of the central control interface ................................................................................................................ 55
Operation of the audio system.................................................................................................................................................. 56
53
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Audio system reference
Functions and characteristics
1.
CD play
2.
Built-in AM/FM radio
3.
Shock-proof structure
4.
30W×4 maximum power output (loudspeaker)
5.
Audio input support
6.
Clock display
54
BYD AUTO
Function instruction of the central
control interface
F0 Owner’s Manual
Each key can save two AM channels and
three FM channels. (When the “AM/FM”
key is pressed, the LCD will show
“AM1”, “AM2”, “FM1”, “FM2”
and “FM3” in sequence.) If power supply
of the audio system is cut off (the system is
disconnected from the battery or the fuse is
burnt out), the saved channels will be
cleared.
Disc unloading key “
”
Press this key to unload the CD disc.
“1 2 3 4 5 6” keys
The keys are used for saving channels and
listening to programs of the saved channels.
Save a channel: You can save the current
channel by holding down a numerical key.
The corresponding figure can be displayed
on the LCD screen at the same time.
“SEEK/SKIP (∧ / ∨)” key
AM FM radio:Press the “SEEK/SKIP (∧
/ ∨ ) ” to select channels of different
frequencies.
Hold down the “SEEK/SKIP (∧/∨)”
key to search channels with signals
automatically.
Listen to programs of a saved channel: You
can listen to programs of a saved channel by
pressing the corresponding numerical key.
The corresponding figure and the channel
frequency will be displayed on the LCD
screen at the same time.
CD player: Press the “SEEK/SKIP (∧/
∨)” key to play the next/previous music
file.
Hold the “SEEK/SKIP (∧/∨)” key to
enter fast-forward or fast-backward mode;
release the key to recover normal playing.
“Power” key
Press the “Power” key to turn on or turn
off the audio system. When the ignition key
is in position “II” or “I”, the audio
system can work.
“VOL (∧ / ∨)” key
Press the “VOL (∧/∨)” key to adjust
the sound volume.
“AM/FM” key
Press the “AM/FM” key to switch
between AM and FM.
“SCAN” key
In AM/FM radio mode, hold this key to
automatically save channels. Press this key
to fast browse the saved channels.
“AUDIO” key
Press the “AUDIO” key to enter the
audio-effect adjustment mode and select
audio effect from the cycle of “bass
(BAD)-treble (TRE)-balance (BAL)-front
and rear direction (FRD)”. When a certain
mode is switched to, press the “VOL (∧/
∨)” key for adjustment.
55
BYD AUTO
“CLOCK” key
Hold this key to enter the clock adjustment
mode. Press “4(H)”, “5(M)” and
“6(R)” respectively for hour, minute
adjustment and minute zero-return.
“CD/AUX” key
CD play:Press “CD/AUX” key to switch
to the CD mode.
AUX play: If you want to listen to music
files in a portable player, e.g. CD, MD or
MP3, you can connect the device to the
vehicle system by the AUX interface with
an audio frequency cable and play the music
files.
“RDM” key
If you press this key, the LCD will show
“RDM” and then play the music files in
the CD disc in a random order. Press the
“RDM” again to cancel the random play
mode.
“RPT” key
If you press this key, the LCD will show
“RPT” and then repeat playing the music
files in the CD disc. Press the “RPT”
again to cancel the repeating play mode.
F0 Owner’s Manual
“INT” key
If you press this key, the LCD will show
“INT” and play the beginnings of the
music files in the CD disc in a browsing
mode. Press the “INT” again to cancel
the browsing play mode.
Operation of the audio system
Notice
To use the audio system properly, the
following instructions should be
followed:
Take care not to sprinkle drinks onto
the audio system.
Do not insert any foreign objects into
the CD slot except CD discs.
It’s normal that noise may be given
out by the loudspeakers of the
working audio system if a mobile
communication device, e.g. a mobile
phone, is being used in or near the
vehicle.
Radio
The broadcasting range of the FM radio is
about 40km. If the vehicle is far away from
signal emission towers of radio stations, the
audio effect will become bad; you have to
search radio signals again. In addition, FM
radio signals are short wave signals which
may be intercepted by tall buildings or high
mountains. The radio is not to blame for bad
receiving effect for such reasons.
Radio antenna
The radio antenna can be detached by
rotating the antenna pole anticlockwise.
Notice
To prevent antenna damage, take it
off before the vehicle enters a vehicle
cleaning station for cleaning.
When the vehicle is parked in a
garage, take the antenna off if it
touches the ceiling.
CD player
In loading CD discs, please keep the surface
with the label upward. The CD players will
play the files in the CD from the first to the
last and then replay the cycle.
Notice
Do not disassemble the CD player
without permission. Do not let oil or
other objects enter the CD player.
56
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Please use 12cm (4.7 inch) standard CD
discs.
CD player protection
z
The CD player is designed specially
for 12cm CD discs.
z
In extremely hot environment, do not
use the CD player. In summer whether,
please turn on the air conditioner after CD
disc playing.
z
When the vehicle is driving on a
uneven road, the CD player, if working,
may have the noise jump problem.
z
If there is moist in the CD player, no
song can be heard even when it is working.
You should take the CD disc out of the
player and not use the CD player until it is
dry.
Friendly Tips
The CD player adopts invisible laser,
which, if radiating out of the CD
player, may lead to irradiation
hazard. Please operate the CD player
correctly according to the instruction.
z
Only standard CD discs as the above
figure shows can be played.
z
Possibly, following CD discs cannot
be played:
Discs with special shapes
Anti-copy CD
CD-R
CD-RW
CD-ROM
Transparent and translucent discs
57
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
Please play legal discs. Do not use
special-shape,
transparent,
translucent, poor-quality or labeled
discs as shown above; otherwise, the
CD player may be damaged or the
disc cannot be played.
z
After listened to, the CD disc should
be taken out from the player and put into a
plastic box away from moisture, heat
resources and direct solar irradiation.
Discs of poor quality
Right
Wrong
z
CD discs should be loaded and
unloaded carefully. More care should be
taken for inserting a disc into the CD player
slot. Hold edge of the disc and do not twist
it. Do not leave your fingerprints on the CD
disc, especially the data storage surface.
Discs with labels
CD disc cleaning: first wipe the CD disc
surface with a piece of soft and
velveteen-free wet cloth and then wipe it
dry with dry soft cloth. Do not apply alcohol
or other detergent.
z
Filth, scratches, contortion, pin holes
or other damages on the disc may lead to
skip reading or track repeat.
58
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-8
Operation of Instruments and Controllers
8. Air conditioning system
Air conditioning control panel ................................................................................................................................................. 60
Air outlet mode settings ........................................................................................................................................................... 63
Operation instructions .............................................................................................................................................................. 65
Side air outlets.......................................................................................................................................................................... 65
Air filter (optional)................................................................................................................................................................... 66
59
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Air conditioning control panel
With air conditioning
1.
air blower speed regulation knob
2.
“A/C” switch
3.
cool/hot wind selection knob
4.
inner-outer circulation mode selection slider
5.
outlet mode selection knob
60
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Without air conditioning
1.
air blower speed regulation knob
2.
cool/hot wind selection knob
3.
outlet mode selection knob
61
BYD AUTO
(1)
Air blower speed regulation knob
Turn this knob to regulate the fan speed of
the air blower—clockwise to increase the
wind speed and anticlockwise to decrease
the wind speed.
(2)
Cool/hot wind selection knob
Turn
this
knob
to
adjust
the
temperature—clockwise for increase and
anticlockwise for decrease.
(3)
Outlet mode selection knob
Turn this knob to adjust the direction of the
gas flow outlet.
F0 Owner’s Manual
1)
Instrument panel—air flows come
mainly from the air vents of the instrument
panel.
2)
Double layer—air flows come mainly
from air vents of the floor and the
instrument panel.
3)
Floor—air flows come mainly from
air vents of the floor.
4)
Floor/windshield—air flows come
mainly from air vents of the floor and the
windshield.
It is used together with the inner-outer
circulation mode selection slider in the outer
circulation position.
5)
Windshield—air flows come mainly
from air vents of the windshield. It is used
together with the inner-outer circulation
mode selection slider in the outer circulation
position.
For settings of the outlet mode selection
knob, refer to the “—outlet mode
settings” introduced below.
(4) Inner-outer
circulation
mode
selection slider (with air conditioner)
1)
Inner circulation—to re-circulate air
in the vehicle.
2)
Outer
circulation—to
introduce
outside air in the vehicle.
(5)
“A/C” switch
To turn on the air conditioning system, first
turn the air blower speed regulation knob to
a position other than “
“ and then
press the “A/C” switch. At the same time,
the working indicator of the switch will
shine. Press the “A/C” switch again or
turn the air blower speed regulation knob to
position “
“ to turn off the air
conditioning system.
62
BYD AUTO
Air outlet mode settings
F0 Owner’s Manual
(1)
Hot wind
To get the best effect, set the controller as
follows:
1)
With air conditioning
air blower speed——any position other
than “
“
temperature——heating position (red
region)
air introduction——outer circulation
(outside air)
air flow——floor
air conditioner——off
For fast temperature rise, select the inner
circulation mode and keep it for minutes.
Then, to prevent mist accumulation on the
windows, select the outer circulation mode
after the temperature in the vehicle is
increased to a certain level.
Press the “A/C” to remove moisture
brought by heating.
Select floor/windshield mode air
flows to heat the vehicle interior and
63
BYD AUTO
remove frost and fog of the windshields.
2)
Without air conditioning
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
For fast temperature decrease, select
the inner circulation mode and keep it for
minutes.
(4) Defogging (with air conditioning)
Interior
of the front windshield
Optimized settings
air blower speed——any position other
(3) Ventilation (with air conditioning)
than “
To get the best effect, set the controller as
follows:
air blower speed——any position
air blower speed——any position other
temperature regulation——heating
(red regions); cooling (blue region)
“
temperature——heating position (red
region)
air flow——floor
than “
(2) Cooling (with air conditioning)
To get the best effect, set the controller as
follows:
“
temperature——cooling position (blue
region)
outlet mode——face blowing
than “
AC switch——off
temperature——cooling position (blue
region)
“
circulation mode——outer circulation
(outside air)
outlet mode——defogging
circulation mode——outer circulation
(outside air)
air blower speed——any position other
“
other than “
AC switch——on
z
In damp whether, do not blow the
windshield with cold wind; otherwise, more
fog will be produced on the windshield due
to inside-outside temperature difference.
air introduction——outer circulation
(outside air)
(5)
air flow——instrument panel
Exterior of windshields
Optimized settings:
Defrosting
air conditioner——on
64
BYD AUTO
1)
With air conditioning
air blower speed——any position
other than “
“
temperature
(red regions)
regulation——heating
circulation mode——outer circulation
(outside air)
outlet mode——defrosting
AC switch——off
2)
Without air conditioning
air blower speed——any position
other than “
“
temperature
(red regions)
regulation——heating
outlet mode——defrosting
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
To defrost windshields by increasing
the temperature in the vehicle, the outlet
mode should be selected as feet-blowing
defrosting.
Operation instructions
1)
To cool the vehicle fast after it has
been parked under direct solar irradiation,
you can drive for a few minutes with the
windows opened and, after the hot air has
been discharged, close the windows and
turn on the air conditioning system to cool
the interior.
2)
Make sure the air inlet grilles in front
of the front windshield are not obstructed
(by leaves, accumulated snow, etc.).
3)
In damp whether, do not blow the
windshield with cold wind; otherwise, more
fog will be produced on the windshield due
to inside-outside temperature difference.
4)
Keep air ventilation below the front
seat so that air in the vehicle can be
thoroughly circulated out.
5)
In chilly weather, the fan speed should
be increased and kept for 1min to remove
accumulated snow or moisture in the air
inlet pipe and reduce fog on the windows.
6)
With air conditioning: In driving on
dusty roads, all windows should be closed.
If dust produced by vehicle driving can still
enter the vehicle even when all windows are
closed, it’s best to move the inner-outer
circulation mode slider to the outer
circulation mode and turn the air blower
speed regulation knob to a position other
“.
than “
With air conditioning: On dusty roads
or in windy or dusty weather, if you drives
following another vehicle, it’s best to
move the inner-outer circulation mode slider
to the inner circulation mode to cut off the
air passage to the outside so as to prevent
outside air and dust from entering the
vehicle.
7)
Side air outlets
65
BYD AUTO
Tips: Turning the front side outlet to the
front door window can defrost the front
door window quickly.
F0 Owner’s Manual
You can change the air flow direction by
turning the side air outlet.
To keep the air conditioning efficiency,
check and replace the air filter according to
the following maintenance method.
Air filter (optional)
The air filter is equipped under the
instrument table and in front of the co-driver
seat.
If the air flow is not satisfactory, check side
air outlets. Side air outlets can be opened or
closed as the above figure shows.
1) Take the air filter out according to the
illustration.
2) Check the filter surface.
If the surface is not clean, the filter should
be replaced.
Air filter examination and replacement
After long-time use, the air filter may be
obstructed. According to experience, when
the efficiency of air flowing, heating or
defrosting is significantly reduced or door
windows are prone to fog up, the air filter
should be replaced.
Notice
The air filter should be mounted in
the correct position. If the air filter is
not installed, the anti-dust and air
conditioning performance may be
affected.
66
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 1-9
Operation of Instruments and Controllers
9. Other devices
Electronic clock ....................................................................................................................................................................... 68
Cigarette lighter (optional)....................................................................................................................................................... 68
Cup holder................................................................................................................................................................................ 68
Rear rack .................................................................................................................................................................................. 68
67
BYD AUTO
Electronic clock
The key should be in position “I” or
“II”.
Hold the CLOCK button for 2s to enter the
clock adjustment interface. Press “4(H)”,
“5(M)” and “6(R)” respectively for
hour, minute adjustment and minute
zero-return.
Cigarette lighter (optional)
F0 Owner’s Manual
The cigarette lighter is a device used for
light cigarette of the driver or a passenger.
For use, press the cigarette lighter plug and,
after it rebounds, take it out to light the
cigarette.
Only when the ignition key is in position
“I” or “II” can the cigarette lighter be
used.
Notice
Do not press the cigarette lighter for
long time.
After the cigarette lighter plug is
heated, avoid contacting the metal
part of the plug.
Except the cigarette light plug, do not
put other metal articles or objects in
the
cigarette
lighter
socket;
otherwise, short circuit may be
caused.
If the cigarette light is to be replaced,
BYD specified substitutes should be
used.
Cup holder
The cup holder is used for placing a cup or
drink tin in. The cup dimension should not
exceed 60mm×100mm.
Rear rack
When the rear back door is opened, the rear
rack will slope upward so that baggage can
be placed in or taken out easily.
When additional baggage space is needed,
take the rope away and raise the rack from
the fixer.
Make sure the rack is arranged correctly.
68
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 2
Chapter 2 Driving Tips
Running-in period .................................................................................................................................................................... 70
Fuel .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 70
Fuel cut-off system................................................................................................................................................................... 70
Three-way catalytic converter.................................................................................................................................................. 71
Engine exhaust warning ........................................................................................................................................................... 72
Engine oil ................................................................................................................................................................................. 72
Brake system............................................................................................................................................................................ 73
Brake lining warning piece ...................................................................................................................................................... 75
Considerations for baggage loading......................................................................................................................................... 75
Suspension and chassis ............................................................................................................................................................ 75
69
BYD AUTO
Running-in period
Drive steadily and do not drive at high
speeds.
The vehicle needs no very complex
adaptation. However, observance of the
following simple instructions during the
first 2,000km (kilometer) can not only save
fuel but also lengthen the service life of the
vehicle:
z
Avoid full throttle in starting and
driving.
z
Avoid over-speed engine operation.
z
Avoid emergency braking in the first
300km (kilometer).
z
Do not drive too fast or too slowly at a
constant speed.€
z
Do not haul trailers in the first
2,000km (kilometer).
Fuel
Correct fuel selection is the basis for
taking full use of the engine performance.
Application of fuel adapting to EOBD is
also critical to exhaust control and
maintenance of relevant parts.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Engine damage or discharge disqualification
due to use of improper fuel is not included
in the guarantee range of BYF F0 Auto.
Fuel types
Only No. 93 (included) or above lead-free
gasoline conforming to National III or IV
standard can be used.
To prevent incorrect gasoline feed in gas
stations, the vehicle is equipped with a
small fuel tank opening, which matches the
special nozzle of lead-free gasoline
refueling pumps and doesn't adapt to the
large standard nozzle of leaded gasoline
refueling pumps.
Notice
‹ Do not use leaded gasoline.
Application of leaded may lead to
invalidity of the three-way catalyst
converter and the exhaust pollution
control device and increase the
maintenance and repair cost.
Notice
‹ Only No. 93 or above lead-free
gasoline conforming to National IV
standard can be used for EOBD.
In case of engine detonation
Under application of the recommended fuel,
if severe detonation is felt or regular
detonation sounds are heard when the
vehicle is driving on even roads, you should
contact a BYD authorized service station.
However, you can occasionally hear short
and slight detonation sound when
accelerating or climbing slopes. It’s
normal and you need not to worry about it.
Fuel tank capacity
30L (liter)
Fuel cut-off system
In accidents, when the engine stops, the
engine control system will stop providing
fuel for the engine so as to lower the fuel
leakage risk to the minimum. After the fuel
pump stops, to restart the engine, turn the
ignition switch to “I” or “0” and then
restart it.
70
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
Friendly Tips
z
Before restarting the engine,
you should check the ground under
the vehicle to see whether there is any
fuel leakage. If there is, the fuel
system must have damages and
requires repairing. In case of such
problems, do not restart the engine.
z
During engine operation, people
and inflammables should be kept far
away from the exhaust pipe, since the
exhaust is extremely hot.
Three-way catalytic converter
z
Do not drive, idle or park the
vehicle on the ground where there are
weeds, leaves, paper or cloth which may
cause fires.
Notice
three-way catalytic converter
Too much un-burnt gas flowing into
the three-way catalytic converter may
lead to overheat of the device and,
possibly, fire disasters. To prevent such
and other dangers, you should take
abide by the following instructions:
‹
The three-way catalytic converter is an
exhaust purifying device mounted in the
exhaust system. It is used for reducing
pollutants in the exhaust.
Use lead-free gasoline only.
‹ Do not drive when the fuel level is
very low; operation with fuel
insufficiency may lead to engine
misfire and increase the load of the
three-way catalytic converter.
‹ Do not idle the engine at high or
low speeds for long.
‹ Avoid
operation.
over-speed
engine
‹ Do not start the vehicle by
pushing or pulling it.
‹ Do not turn off the ignition
switch when the vehicle is driving.
‹ Keep the engine in good
operation state; malfunction of the
electrical system, the electronic ignition
system or the fuel system of the engine
will lead to abnormally high
temperature of the three-way catalytic
converter.
‹ If the engine is difficult to start or
frequently stops, check the vehicle
immediately.
‹ To ensure normal operation of
the three-way catalytic converter and
the whole exhaust pollutant control
device, the vehicle should be examined
periodically according to the BYD F0
maintenance plan. (refer to Section 6)
71
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Engine exhaust warning
Friendly Tips
z
Avoiding
exhaust.
inhaling
the
engine
z
Make sure the exhaust system has
no leakage holes and the conjunction is
tight. Check the exhaust system
regularly. If you a crash accident
happens or the exhaust sound changes,
check the exhaust system immediately.
z
Except entering or leaving the
garage, do not start the engine in the
garage or in closed spaces. Exhaust
accumulated may cause severe dangers.
z
Do not park the vehicle for long
time with the engine running. However,
if you have to do that, park the vehicle
in an open place and adjust the heating
or cooling system to introduce outside
air into the vehicle.
z
The rear back door should be
closed during driving. The exhaust may
come into the vehicle from the rear back
door if it is open or loosely closed.
z
The air inlet grille in front of the
windshield
should
be
free
of
accumulated snow, leaves or other
obstructions to ensure normal work of
the ventilation system of the vehicle.
z
If exhaust can be smelt in the
vehicle, open the windows and
immediately
check
the
exhaust
introduction sites to solve the problem.
Engine oil
Function of engine oil
The engine oil functions mainly for
lubricating and cooling the engine interior
and also plays a key role in keeping the
engine in normal work state.
In normal work, the engine will consume
some engine oil. Under normal conditions,
the engine consumes engine oil for the
following reasons:
z
The engine oil is used for lubricating
the piston, the piston ring and the cylinder.
When the piston moves downward in the
cylinder, a layer of thin oil film will be
produced on the cylinder wall.
z
When the vehicle slows down, the
produced high negative pressure will draw
some oil into the combustion chamber. The
oil, like part of the oil film on the cylinder
wall, can be burnt by the high-temperature
burning gas.
The engine oil is also applied for lubricating
the inlet valve stem. Some oil will be drawn
into the combustion chamber and burnt with
the fuel. High temperature exhaust can also
burn engine oil used for lubricating the vent
stem.
The engine oil consumption is related to
its viscosity, quality and the driving
vehicle status.
High-speed
driving
and
frequent
acceleration and deceleration can increase
the engine oil consumption.
Piston, piston ring and cylinder wall of the
new engine in the running-up period will
consume more engine oil.
It should be noted that, in engine oil
consumption evaluation, it’s difficult to
judge the oil level correctly since the
engine oil becomes diluted.
For example, the vehicle has driven for a
plurality of short trips and consumed the
normal engine oil, but the engine oil level
72
BYD AUTO
showed by the oil meter never decreases
even 1,000km (kilometer) or longer has
been run because the engine oil has been
slowly diluted by the fuel and its vapor.
In high-speed driving, on a expressway for
example, the diluted parts will be
evaporated, so afterward, you may find that
much engine oil has been consumed.
Importance of engine oil level
examination
It’s one of the key points in regular
vehicle maintenance to keep the engine oil
level above the optimal oil level so that the
engine oil function won’t be reduced.
Therefore, it’s very important to check the
engine oil regularly. We suggest your check
the engine oil level each time you add the
oil.
Notice
‹ If the engine oil level is not
checked
regularly,
engine
oil
insufficiency may lead to severe
engine faults.
For details on engine oil level examination,
refer to “Examine the engine oil level” in
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 7-2.
Friendly Tips
Brake system
The brake system is a hydraulic system with
two independent auxiliary brake systems.
Even if one auxiliary brake system becomes
invalid, the other can still function, but more
effort is needed to press the brake pedal and
the brake distance will also be lengthened.
Friendly Tips
z
Do not drive the vehicle with
only one auxiliary brake system
working. The invalid auxiliary system
should be repaired soon.
Vacuum booster
The vacuum booster works with the air inlet
negative pressure of the engine. If the
engine stops when the vehicle is driving,
you can stop by pressing the brake pedal
with much more effort than usual.
z
Do not press the brake pedal
repeatedly if the engine stalls since
the vacuum pressure may be
consumed.
z
Even if the vacuum power is
totally consumed, the brake can also
work, but the brake pedal should be
pressed with much more effort then
usual and the brake distance will also
be lengthened.
Anti-lock brake system (with “ABS”
warning light)
The anti-lock brake system is used for
preventing lock of wheels in emergency
braking or braking on slippery roads. It
is helpful for providing stable direction
control and vehicle steering performance.
The effective method to press the ABS
brake pedal: When the ABS system works,
you will feel pulses of the brake pedal and
hear noises. Under such conditions, as long
as you press the brake pedal hard, the
anti-lock brake system will work. In
73
BYD AUTO
emergency braking, do not press the brake
repeatedly; this will lengthen the brake
distance.
When the vehicle speed is increased to over
5 km/h (kilometer/hour), the anti-lock brake
system enters work state. When the speed is
reduced to below 5km/h (kilometer/hour),
the anti-lock brake system will stop
working.
In rainy whether, pressing the brake pedal
can easily activate the anti-lock brake
system on slippery roads, e.g. manhole
covers, steel plates, bridge ends, etc.
When the engine is starting or the vehicle
has just begun driving, you may hear
clicking sounds in the engine compartment
or motor sound persisting for seconds. This
means the anti-lock brake system is
performing self-check and doesn’t indicate
problem existence.
When the anti-lock brake system is
working, the following phenomena may
occur, but this doesn’t indicate that the
system has faults:
z
You can hear the working sound of the
anti-lock brake system and feel the pulses of
the brake pedal and vibration of the vehicle
body and the steering wheel. Even after the
vehicle has stopped, you can still hear motor
F0 Owner’s Manual
sound sent out form the engine
compartment.
z
When the anti-lock brake system is
ending its work, the brake pedal may move
forward a little.
Friendly Tips
z
Do not think too highly of the
anti-lock brake system; though it can
help with the vehicle control, it’s
still very important to follow all
regulations and keep a proper driving
speed and safety distance, since even
when the anti-lock brake system
functions, its effect of stabilizing the
vehicle is limited.
z
In driving in rainy whether, if
the anti-skid performance of the tires
exceeds the allowance or wheel spin
occurs, the anti-lock brake system
will lose its effect of vehicle control.
Notice
The anti-lock brake system is not used
for shortening the brake distance, so
you should drive at proper speeds with
the safety distance kept with the
preceding vehicle. Under the following
conditions, longer brake distances may
be required compared with vehicles
without the anti-lock brake system:
z
Driving on uneven, pebble-laid or
snow-covered roads.
z
Driving with wheel antiskid
chains equipped.
z
Driving on steps connecting roads.
z
Driving on roads with recessions
and projections.
All of the four wheels are equipped with
specifically-sized tires with proper
pressure: the anti-lock brake system
tests the vehicle speed with a speed
sensor to get the rotating speed of each
wheel. If tires not of the specified sizes
are used, the rotation speeds cannot be
determined accurately, leading to
increase of the brake distance.
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BYD AUTO
Drum parking brake
The vehicle is equipped with a drum
parking brake. Brake shoes of such brake
systems should be ran in regularly or after
the brake drum or the brake shoes are
replaced.
Please have the running-in work done in a
BYD authorized service station.
Brake lining warning piece
F0 Owner’s Manual
If you hear screams or friction noise in
driving, immediately contact a BYD
authorized service station to have the
vehicle checked.
Do not continue driving the vehicle if you
hear the warning alarm.
Considerations for baggage loading
Suspension and chassis
Friendly Tips
z
Do
not
modify
the
suspension/chassis with lifting tools,
distance pieces, springs, etc. This may
do harm to the manipulation
performance and cause control loss.
You should follow the instructions below
when loading baggage or goods:
z
Put the baggage or goods in the trunk
as far as possible. Make sure all things are
fixed firm.
z
Keep the vehicle balanced. Put heavy
things in the front to keep balance.
z
To save fuel, do not load unnecessary
heavy things on the vehicle.
The brake warning piece on the disc
brake will send out warning sound when
the brake lining is worn and requires
replacing.
75
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 3
Chapter 3 Starting and Driving
Before starting the engine ........................................................................................................................................................ 77
Engine starting methods........................................................................................................................................................... 77
Safety examinations before driving ......................................................................................................................................... 77
Driving tips under different conditions .................................................................................................................................... 79
Driving tips in winter ............................................................................................................................................................... 79
Trailer towing........................................................................................................................................................................... 80
How to save fuel and prolong the vehicle service life ............................................................................................................. 81
76
BYD AUTO
Before starting the engine
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Before entering the vehicle, check the
surrounding environment.
Adjust the seat position, the seat
height, the backset angle, the height of
the head protection device and the
angle of the steering wheel.
Adjust the internal and exterior
rearview mirrors.
Lock all the doors.
Fasten the seat belt well.
Engine starting methods
(a) Before starting
1.
2.
Put down the parking brake.
Turn off all unnecessary lights and
auxiliary devices.
3.
Set the shift bar at the neutral gear.
4.
Press the clutch pedal to the bottom
and do not release it until the vehicle
is started.
(b) Engine starting
Before starting the engine, make sure the
work described in “(a) before starting”
has been done.
Normal starting procedures
The multi-point fuel injection system in the
F0 Owner’s Manual
engine will automatically control the
mixture of air and fuel used for starting. You
can perform cold or hot engine start
according to the following procedures.
Turn the key to position “III” to start the
engine. After the engine is started, release
the key.
Then engine can heat up by driving rather
than by running idle. Steadily run the engine
to pre-heat the driving vehicle until the
temperature of the engine coolant rises to
the normal range.
If the engine stalls
Start it again according to the normal
starting procedures.
If the engine can not start
Refer to “If the vehicle cannot be started”
in Section
Notice
‹ Avoid over-speed running of the
engine.
‹ If the engine is difficult to start
or always stalls, it should be
examined immediately.
Safety examinations before driving
Before starting, it’s best to examine the
vehicle carefully. It takes only minutes but
will bring you driving safety and enjoyment.
As long as you have a basic knowledge of
each part, you can examine the vehicle.
Alternatively, you can ask a BYD
authorized service station to examine it for
you.
Friendly Tips
z
If the examination is done in a
closed garage, make sure the garage
is well ventilated. The engine exhaust
is poisonous.
‹ The engine starting attempt
should be finished within 3 seconds;
otherwise, it may lead to overheat of
the starter and the wire system.
77
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
(a) Examinations before starting the
engine
2.
Vehicle exterior
3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Tires: Determine the tire pressure
with a tire pressure gauge and check
them carefully to see whether there is
any cut, damage or over wear.
Wheel bolts: Make sure the bolts are
not loose or lost.
Leakage: After the vehicle has been
parked for a while, check whether
there is any fuel, engine oil, water or
other liquid leakage on the ground.
(It’s normal that there are water
drops
produced
by
the
air
conditioning system.)
Lighting: Make sure head lights,
parking lights, small lights, turn signal
lights and other lighting devices can
all work normally. Check the light
intensity of the head lights.
Exhaust system: Check whether there is
gas leakage by listening. If any, repair the
exhaust system immediately. (Refer to
“Engine exhaust warning” in Section 2)
Engine compartment interior
1.
(c) In driving
2.
3.
4.
Spare tire, jack and wheel bolt
wrench: Check the tire pressure and
make sure the vehicle is provided with
a jack and a wheel bolt wrench.
(b) After the engine is started
Engine oil level: Stop the engine and park
the vehicle on the flat ground. After a few
minutes, determine the engine oil level with
an oil measuring meter. (Refer to instruction
in Section 7-2)
4.
Vehicle interior
1.
Seat belt: Check whether the buckle
can be fastened firm. Make sure the
seat belt is not worn or scraped.
Instruments
and
controllers:
Specifically,
make
sure
the
maintenance indicators, instrument
lighting and defrosters can work
normally.
Brake: Make sure there is enough free
clearance for the pedal.
5.
Spare fuses: Make sure spare fuses of
different rated amperage are provided
in the fuse box.
Coolant level: Make sure the coolant
level is correct. (refer to instructions
in Section 7-2)
Battery and cable: Check whether
the battery connectors are corroded or
loose, whether the box has cracks and
whether the cables are well connected.
Wires: Check whether there are
broken, loosened or disconnected
wires.
Fuel pipe: Check whether the
pipeline has leakage or loose
connection.
Instruments: Make sure the maintenance
indicators and the speedometer work
normally.
Brake: Check the brake in a safe place and
make sure it doesn’t deflect to any
direction in braking.
Examination of other abnormalities:
Check to see whether there are loose parts
and leakage; listen to see whether there are
abnormal noises.
78
BYD AUTO
Driving tips
conditions
F0 Owner’s Manual
under
different
z
When driving against the wind, you
should drive slowly so that the vehicle can
be controlled easily.
z
On trim-stones of road sides, you
should drive slowly and keep the right angle
as far as possible. Avoid driving on high and
sharp objects or other road obstacles;
otherwise, severe tire damages, e.g.
explosion, may be caused.
z
Reduce the speed when driving on
uneven roads; otherwise, the impact will
severely damage the tires and wheels.
z
The brakes will be wetted in cleaning
the vehicle or driving through deep water.
You can check whether they are wetted by
pressing the brake pedal lightly. Before the
check, you should first make sure it is safe.
If you cannot feel the normal brake force,
the brakes may have been wetted. To dry
them, you can, with the parking brake used,
drive carefully and lightly press the brake
pedal.
Friendly Tips
z
Before driving, make sure the
parking brake is thoroughly released
and the parking bake indicator is out.
z
When the engine is working, do
not leave the vehicle.
z
Do not place your foot on the
brake pedal in driving; it may lead to
over-heat and wear of the brake and
fuel waste.
z
When going down a long steep
slope, you should reduce the speed
and turn to a low-speed gear.
Frequent brake manipulation will
lead to over-heat and, possibly,
performance faults.
z
Care should be taken in
accelerating, high gear shift, low gear
shift or braking on slippery roads.
Sudden acceleration or engine brake
will lead to vehicle sliding or turning.
are used. Similarly, the parking
brake cannot park the vehicle firm
either.
Notice
‹ Avoid accumulated water when
driving on wet roads. Too much
water introduced into the engine
compartment may cause damage to
the engine and electrical parts.
Driving tips in winter
Make sure the coolant has proper
anti-freezing protection effect.
Only coolants specified by BYD authorized
service stations can be applied. You should
select proper coolant according to the
environment temperature and add it into the
cooling system.
Application of unsuitable coolants will
damage the engine cooling system.
z
Do not drive if the brakes are
moistened. When the brakes are
moistened, longer brake distances are
needed, and, the vehicle may be
hauled to one side when the brakes
79
BYD AUTO
Notice
‹
F0 Owner’s Manual
Apply cleaning liquids
anti-freezing agents.
containing
Do not use water..
Check the battery and the cable.
Energy of all batteries can be reduced by
cold whether, so the battery shall have
sufficient power for starting in winter.
Section 7-3 introduces battery examination
by eye. BYD authorized service stations can
examine the charging status of the battery
for you.
Make sure the engine oil viscosity is
suitable for driving in winter.
Refer to Section 7-2 for recommended
engine oil viscosity. Too much summer-use
engine oil remaining in the engine will lead
to starting difficulty in winter. If you are not
sure which engine oil should be used, you
can seek help in any BYD authorized
service station.
Protect door locks from being frozen by
ice or snow.
Inject some deicer or glycerin into the door
lock holes to prevent freezing.
Such products are available in BYD
authorized
service
stations.
The
anti-freezing agent should be mixed with
water according to instructions of the
manufacturer.
Accumulated snow or ice under the
dashboard may lead to turning difficulty. In
freezing winter, you should stop often to see
whether there is any accumulated ice or
snow under the dashboard.
It is suggested you carry some necessary
tools for emergent use according to the
road conditions.
Notice
‹ Do not use the engine
anti-freezing
agent
or
other
substitutes as the cleaning liquid,
since it may damage the vehicle
paint.
Do not use the parking brake if it may be
frozen.
For parking, set the gear lever in the neutral
gear and block up the rear wheels. Avoid
using the parking brake; otherwise, its
periphery may be frozen by accumulated
water or snow, causing it difficult to release.
Make sure there is no accumulated snow
or ice under the dashboard.
It’s best you have a tire chain, a window
scraper, a bag of sand or salt, a signal
flashing device, a small shovel, connecting
cables, etc. in the vehicle.
Trailer towing
BYD F0 is designed mainly for transporting
passengers. Towing trailers will exert
adverse
influence
on
operation,
performance,
brake,
durability
and
economical driving (fuel consumption, etc.)
Safety and comfort of driving are totally
dependent on correct use of the instruments
and a good driving habit. For your own and
others’ safety, do not overload the vehicle
or use it to haul trailers. BYD won’t take
responsibilities for damage or faults caused
by trailing with commercial purposes.
80
BYD AUTO
Weight limit
Before towing a trailer, the towing capacity
of the trailer should be confirmed. You can
contact a local BYD authorized service
center and make sure that the towing
capacity of the trailer is within the regulated
range.
The towing capacity is determined on a flat
road surface. It should be remembered that
in mountainous regions, the engine power
and its towing capacity will be reduced.
Friendly Tips
z
The hauled trailer weight
should not exceed the maximum
rated weight of the towing hook;
otherwise, accidents and severe
human damage may be caused.
z
Towing may increase the brake
distance, so in trailer towing, the
safety distance should be lengthened.
At
a
speed
of
10km/h
(kilometer/hour),
the
distance
between your vehicle and the
preceding vehicle should be at least
the sum of the lengths of your vehicle
F0 Owner’s Manual
and the trailer. Avoid emergency
braking; otherwise slipping may
cause vehicle folding and make the
vehicle out of control.
Tires
z
Make sure the tires have proper
pressure. Refer to instructions in Section
7-2.
z
Keep the trailer tire pressure at the
pressure strength defined by the trailer
manufacturer according to the total weight
of the trailer.
Running-in procedures
z
BYD Company suggests that all new
vehicles or vehicles with new parts (engine,
speed reducer, differential, wheel bearing,
transmission shaft, etc.) not haul trailers in
the first 2,000km (kilometer).
Maintenance
z
Trailer towing will increase the load
of the vehicle, so it should be maintained
more frequently.
How to save fuel and prolong the
vehicle service life
Fuel consumption can be reduced easily and
conveniently. It can also lengthen the
service life of the vehicle. Following is
some knowledge on reducing the fuel and
repair expenditure:
z
Keep proper tire pressure. Tire
pressure insufficiency will lead to tire wear
and increase the fuel consumption. Refer to
instruction in Section 7-2.
z
Do not place unnecessary things on
the vehicle. Too heavy weight will increase
the engine load and lead to fuel
consumption increase.
z
Avoid long-time pre-heating idling.
Once the engine has entered steady state,
you can start driving, but the operation
should be steady. It should be noted that in
cold weather, the longer time is needed to
preheat the engine.
z
Accelerate slowly and steadily.
Avoid sudden start. Drive with high-speed
gear shifts soon.
z
Avoid long-time engine idling. To
wait for others when the traffic is not busy,
you’d better stop the engine and, after the
people have come, start it again.
81
BYD AUTO
z
Avoid lug down or over-speed
operation of the engine. Select proper
speed gear shifts according to the road
conditions.
z
Avoid frequent acceleration and
deceleration. It may increase the fuel
consumption.
z
Avoid unnecessary parking or
braking. Keep a steady speed. Driving in
accordance with the traffic signal lights can
reduce the stop times to the minimum.
Alternatively, drive on free roads with no
traffic lights with a proper distance kept
from the preceding vehicle to avoid
emergency braking. This can also reduce
brake wear.
z
Avoid areas with busy traffic or
congestion as far as possible.
z
Do not place your foot on the clutch
F0 Owner’s Manual
pedal or the brake pedal. This may
produce early wear and over heat and
consume large amounts of oil.
Position the front wheels correctly.
z
Avoid crushing into stones on road sides.
Drive slowly on uneven roads. Improper
front wheel location can not only lead to
over wear of tires, but also increase the
engine load and fuel consumption.
z
The chassis should be kept clean
and free of mud. This can not only reduce
the vehicle weight but also prevent
corrosion.
z
Adjust the vehicle to keep it in the
optimal state. Dirty air filter, improper air
vale, dirty spark plug, dirty engine oil and
lubricant, improperly adjusted brakes, etc.
can all affect the engine performance and
cause fuel waste. To prolong their useful
lives, all parts should be maintained
regularly. If you often drive in harsh
environments, the vehicle should be
maintained more often (refer to Section 6).
Friendly Tips
z
Do not stop the engine when
going down slopes. If the engine is
stopped, the power steering system
and the vacuum booster won’t
function. Similarly, only when the
engine is working can the exhaust
pollutant control device can work
properly.
82
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 4
Chapter 4 Emergency Handling
The car can not start up ............................................................................................................................................................ 84
The engine shut down while driving ........................................................................................................................................ 86
The car is overheated ............................................................................................................................................................... 87
The car has flat tires ................................................................................................................................................................. 88
If the car gets stuck .................................................................................................................................................................. 92
The car needs towing ............................................................................................................................................................... 92
83
BYD AUTO
The car can not start up
(a)
Simple Check
First please make sure that you are trying to
start the car according to "Starting Method
for Engine" of Section 3. Then, check
whether there is plenty of fuel, and whether
the spare key can start the engine. If the
spare key can start it, that means the master
key may have been damaged and please
contact the service store authorized by BYD
for test. If no key can start up the vehicle,
probably there is something wrong with the
engine system, and please contact the
service store authorized by BYD for repair
(see "Key" of Section 1~2).
If the engine can not run or run too
slowly,
1.
2.
z
Check whether the battery connectors
are tightened and clean.
If the battery connectors are not the
problem, please turn on the reading
light:
If the reading light can not be lit up or
with dim light, or the battery power
run out during the engine is starting
up, you can try a jump start. Please
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
see "(c) Jump Start".
If the reading light is lit up but the
engine can not start up, please contact
the service store authorized by BYD.
Notice
Do not try to manage it by pulling or
pushing the car, otherwise there may
be damage to the car or crash when
the engine starts up, and meanwhile
three-way catalytic converter may get
overheated to start a fire. resulting in
a fire.
If the starter motot of the engine runs at
the normal speed but can not start the
engine,
Rotate the ignition key to "I" or "0" and try
again to start the engine.
If the engine can not start up, maybe there is
fuel spilled as a result of repeated starting.
Please see "(b) Fuel Spill in Engine
Starting" for more details.
If the engine still can not be started, please
contact the service store authorized by
BYD.
(b)
Fuel Spill in Engine Starting
If the engine can not start up, maybe
there is fuel spilled as a result of repeated
starting.
In this case, please step on the accelerator
pedal in full force and meanwhile rotate the
key to "III". Keep the key and accelerator
pedal in place for 15 seconds, and then
release them for another try of starting with
your feet off the accelerator pedal.
If the engine still can not start up after the
15 seconds, please release the key, and try
starting once again several minutes later.
Now if you still fail to start the engine,
please contact the service store authorized
by BYD for help.
Notice
‹ Each starting attempt should not
last more than 30 seconds, or the
starter motor and line system may get
overheated.
84
BYD AUTO
(c)
Jump Start
To avoid personal injury and damage to
the car caused by battery explosion,
sulphur
acid
burning,
electrical
appliances
burning,
or
damaged
electronic components, please follow the
below instructions.
If you are not sure about these procedures,
please ask the service store authorized by
BYD for help.
Friendly Tips
z
The battery containing sulphur
acid is toxic and erosive. While
starting, please wear safety glasses and
protect your skin, clothes, and the car
from being touched by sulphur acid
leakage.
z
If sulphur acid runs onto your
body or into your eyes accidentally,
please take off the clothes attacked by
sulphur acid right away, wash the
afflicted part with clean water, and
then go to see the doctor quickly. If
possible, please continue to scrub the
afflicted part by wet sponge or cloth on
F0 Owner’s Manual
the way to clinic.
z
If there is flame or sparkle
nearby, the gas generated by battery
may come into explosiondes. Please use
standard wire for starting and avoid
smoking or lighting a match.
Notice
‹ The battery power for starting is
12V. Before conducting a jump start,
please make sure the battery is
applicable.
3.
Connect starting wires in order of a, b,
c, d:
a) Connect the clamp of anode (red)
starting wire and anode terminal
(“+”) of the depleted battery.
b) Connect the another clamp of anode
(red) starting wire and anode terminal
(“+”) of the backup battery.
Procedures of Jump Start
1.
If the backup battery is installed in
another car, please make sure there is
no contact between two cars. Shut
down all the unnecessary lights and
auxiliary equipments.
2.
Start and run the engine of the car
with backup battery for a couple of
minutes. That is, step lightly on the
accelerator pedal to keep the engine
running for minutes at the speed of
2000r/m.
85
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Below is the joint point:
Starting Wire
5.
Depleted Battery
Cathode Terminal “-”
pedal to keep the engine running for
several minutes at the speed of
2000r/m.
Disconnect the starting wire carefully
in
completely
reversed
order:
disconnect the cathode starting wire
first, and then disconnect the anode
starting wire. If the battery power is
depleted for reasons unknown, please
contact the service store authorized by
BYD for examination.
Backup Battery
c) Connect the clamp of cathode (black)
starting wire and cathode terminal
(“-”) of the backup battery.
d) Connect the another clamp of cathode
(black) starting wire to a solid, fixed,
unpainted metal fixation point on the
power-depelted car.
Joint Point on the Petrol Engine
When the engine is running, please do not
connect the starting wire to any mobile
object nearby.
Warning
While connecting, please do not lean
the battery or make the starting wire
touch any objects except the
appointed battery terminal so as to
avoid damage.
4.
Start the engine in normal way, and
then step lightly on the accelerator
If jump start fails
Please check whether the clamp on the
starting wire is tightened. If the starting wire
is connected properly, please charge the
power-depleted battery for minutes and then
try again to start the engine in normal way.
If the engine still can not start up, please
contact the service store authorized by BYD
for examination.
The engine shut down while driving
1.
2.
3.
Please slow down the car slowly, keep
moving in a straight way and drive
away from the road to a safe place.
Turn on the emergency flashlight.
Rotate the ignition key to "I" or "0"
and try again to start the engine.
86
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
If the engine can not be started, please see
"The Car Can Not Start Up".
Friendly Tips
If the engine can not run, the
power-assisting device of brake and
redirector will not work. So steering
and braking will be more difficult
than usual.
The car is overheated
If the coolant thermometer for the engine
indicates overheated, or there is power
loss, loud knocking, or noisy bang, that
means the engine may be overheated.
Please handle it as per the procedures
below:
1.
Drive the car away from the road,
park it, and turn on the emergency
flashlight. Set the transmission in the
neutral position, and apply the parking
brake. Stop using the air conditioning
if it is running.
2.
If there is coolant or steam spouting
out of the radiator or expansion tank,
please shut down the engine until it is
cooled down . If no coolant or steam
is spouting, just keep the engine
running and make sure the cooling fan
is working. If not, please turn off the
ignition switch.
Friendly Tips
z
To avoid personal injury, please
keep the engine hood closed until
there is no steam. The spouting of
steam or coolant means high
pressure.
3.
Check whether there is obvious
coolant leakage under the radiator,
hose, and the car. The water drop from
the air conditioning in use is a normal
phenomenon.
Friendly Tips
z
When the engine is running,
please keep your hands & clothes a
certain distance away from the
working fan & driving belt of the
engine.
4.
5.
In case of no obvious leakage, please
check the coolant overflow tank. If it
is dry, please add coolant to the tank
until the level is between two scale
marks while the engine is running.
Friendly Tips
z
In high temperature, the radiator
cap is not allowed to be removed since
the spouting high-temperature steam
and liquid under pressure may cause
serious damage.
6.
When the coolant temperature falls
down to the normal level, please
check the coolant level in the tank
again and add additional coolantn if
necessary. Great loss of coolant means
leakage in the system, please contact
the service store authorized by BYD
for immediate examination.
If there is coolant leakage, please shut
down the engine at once and contact
the service store authorized by BYD
for help.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
The car has flat tires
there may be bodily injury.
or bottom of the jack while lifting.
1.
z
When the car is lifted by jack,
please do not start or operate the
engine.
z
Just lift the car to a height that
allows tire removal and replacement.
z
Park your car on the firm and
flat ground, apply the parking brake
tightly and set the transmission in the
neutral position. If necessary, lay the
chock block under the tire in the
diagonal direction of the tire to be
replaced.
Notice
2.
3.
4.
5.
Please decrease the car speed slowly,
keep moving in a straight line, and
drive away from the road to a safe
place on the firm and flat ground out
of busy traffic. Do not park your car
on the turnout track of the central
highway.
Shut down the engine and turn on the
emergency flashlight.
Apply the parking brake, and set the
transmission in the neutral position.
All people should go off the car for a
place away from traffic.
Read the following instructions
carefully:
Friendly Tips
To reduce the possibility of serious
personal injury, please obey the
instructions below when you try to lift
the car by jack.
z
Follow
jack-up.
the
instructions
for
z
No part of your body is allowed
to stay under the car lifted by jack, or
z
Make sure the jack is placed on
the right lifting point. To lift the car by
a jack not placed properly may
damage the car or make the car drop
down from the jack and thus cause
injuries.
‹ Do not continue to drive the car
with flat tire. Even a short drive will
damage the tire permanently.
Take out the tools required and
spare tire.
z
When the car is supported
completely by jack, no one is allowed
to stay under the car.
z
Jack-up is only
replacement purpose.
for
tire
z
When someone is in the car,
please do not lift it.
z
Do not put any thing on the top
88
BYD AUTO
6.
Cover Plate for Spare Tire
7.
Toolkit
8.
Retaining Bolt for Spare Tire
9.
Spare Tire
10. Jack
In an emergency, you will need to repair the
car by yourself. Please well know the use
method and storage site of the jack and its
various tools.
F0 Owner’s Manual
1.
Loosen the bolt and remove it, then
take the spare tire out of the car.
Use your hand to rotate the
terminal of the jack
Remove: rotate the terminal in direction 1
until the jack become flexible.
Collect: rotate the terminal in direction 2
until the jack is fixed tightly to avoid it from
being thrown forward when there is crash or
emergency brake.
Put the chock block in front of the front tire
or behind the back tire.
To store the tire, please put the outside of
the tire downward, and then fasten the tire
in the opposite order above to prevent it
from being thrown forward when there is
crash or emergency brake.
2.
3.
Unscrew all the wheel bolts on the
flat tire.
While lifting, please lay the chock
block under the tire in the diagonal
direction of the flat tire to avoid the
car sliding.
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BYD AUTO
Before jack-up, please unscrew the wheel
bolts counterclockwise to loosen them. To
strengthen unscrewing, you can nest a
spanner into the bolt with its hanle on the
right, and grip the handle end to pull up (see
figure above). Please avoid the spanner
slipping out of the bolt.
Do not remove the bolts, just loosen them.
F0 Owner’s Manual
5.
Height that allows installation of
spare tire.
Friendly Tips
Do not use motor oil or
lubrication oil on the bolts, or the
bolts will get loose to make the tire
drop off and cause serious accident.
4. Place the jack under the proper lifting
point, as shown in the figure.
Please notice that it needs larger clearance
to install the spare tire than remove the flat
tire.
For jack-up, please insert the jack handle
into the jack (loose joint) and rotate it
clockwise. When the jack touches the car
and starts lifting, please check again if the
jack is in the right position.
Take off the flat tire and put aside.
Roll the spare tire to the installation position,
aim the bolt hole at tire hole, and then screw
the tire bolt and fasten it (with a torque of
108 N·m).
Friendly Tips
When the car is supported
completely by jack, no one is allowed
to stay under the car.
6.
Make sure that the jack is placed on the flat
and solid ground.
Remove the wheel bolts and replace
the tire.
Before installation, please brush off all
corrosive materials on the installation
surface with a wire brush. During the
90
BYD AUTO
installation, the metal areas on the installation surface must be well connected with
each other, or the wheel bolts may get loose
and the tire may drop off while driving.
Reinstall all the wheel bolts.
F0 Owner’s Manual
7.
Lay down the car thoroughly and
screw the wheel bolts firmly.
To lay down the car, please rotate the jack
handle counterclockwise.
Please use a spanner to screw the bolts. Do
not use any other lever tools except your
hands, like hammer, tube, or your feet.
Make sure the spanner is nested into the
bolts firmly.
Friendly Tips
Please make sure no part of your
body and no one nearby will get
injured while laying down the car onto
the ground.
When the tire is replaced, please
use the spanner with a torque of
108N·m (11kgf·m) to screw the bolts.
Or the bolts will get loose to make the
tire drop off and cause serious
accident.
After tire replacement
Before reinstallation, please use your hands
.
to screw the wheel bolts firmly
Friendly Tips
Do not use motor oil or
lubrication oil for the bolts, or the bolts
will be tightened overly and damaged.
In this case the bolts will get loose to
make the tire drop off and cause
serious accident. So, if there is motor
oil or lubrication oil on the bolts,
please clear them off.
As per the above order, screw the bolts
tighter and tighter one by one until all the
bolts are fastened firmly.
pressure.
7.
Adjust the tire pressure to the specified
value in Section 8. If the current pressure is
lower than specified value, please drive the
car slowly to the nearby service station for
air charging until the tire pressure reaches
specified value.
Do not forget to install the tire valve cap, or
dust and moisture will enter the valve core
to cause possible air leakage. If you have
91
BYD AUTO
lost the tire valve cap, please use a new one
immediately.
8.
Collect all the tools, jack, and flat
tire properly.
After tire replacement, please use a torque
spanner to screw the wheel bolts to the
specified torque in Section 8. The flat tire
should be repaired by technician.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
z
While driving, if there are
people or objects near the car, please
do not try to move the car by pushing
it forward and backward. Because in
this way, the car will get out and
suddenly move forward or backward
to cause bodily injury or object
damage nearby.
The car needs towing
Towing Forward
Towing Backward
Friendly Tips
z
Before driving, please make sure
all the tools, jack, and flat tire are
fixed in their storage position so as to
reduce the possibility of personal
injury caused by crash or emergency
braking.
If the car gets stuck
If the car gets stuck in snow field, mud
field, or sand field, please try to get it out
by pushing it forward and backward.
Towing by Platform Truck
If you use proper towing gear to tow the car,
it will not be damaged.
Improper towing way may damage the car.
Most towing personnel know the right
towing method, but something may go
wrong accidentally. To avoid damage to the
car, please follow the precautions below.
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BYD AUTO
Precautions for Towing
Towing should use safety chain system and
obey national, provincial, and local law. The
wheel and axle touching the ground should
be in good condition. If they are damaged,
you will need platform truck for towing.
Emergency Towing
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
Notice
‹ Please use the specified towing
hook, or the car may be damaged.
‹ Please use the towing cable or
chain designed specifically for car
towing. Tie the cable or chain to the
towing hook firmly.
‹ Do not tow the car backward
with all four wheels on the ground, or
it will
seriously
damage
the
transmission.
The driver should sit inside driving the car
and controlling the brake.
Towing in this way may only move the car
slowly for a short distance on the hard road.
Meanwhile the wheels, axle, transmission,
steering wheel, and brake should be in good
condition.
Before towing, please release the parking
brake and set the transmission in the neutral
position. The key should be at "I" (idle
engine) or "II" (running engine).
Friendly Tips
z
If the engine can not run, the
power-assisted device of brake and
redirector will not work. So direction
changing and braking will be more
difficult than usual.
Friendly Tips
For towing, you can entrust the service store
authorized by BYD to handle on your
behalf.
If you can not find a tow company for
emergency situation, please tie the towing
cable or chain to the emergency towing
hook at the bottom of the car and conduct a
temporary tow carefully.
z
While towing, please avoid
sudden startup and unstable driving
operation, because they will exert
great stress on emergency towing
hook, and towing cable or chain. The
hook, cable, or chain may crack to
result in serious personal injury or
damage to the car.
93
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 5
Chapter 5 Anti-corrosion and Automobile Exterior Maintenance
Anti-corrosion .......................................................................................................................................................................... 95
Washing and waxing................................................................................................................................................................ 96
Inside cleaning ......................................................................................................................................................................... 97
94
BYD AUTO
Anti-corrosion
Proper maintenance for the car can prevent
corrosion for a long time.
The common causes for car corrosion:
z
Saline-alkali, dust, and moisture
concentrate at the unaccessible parts of
bottom of the car.
z
The paint film or bottom layer is
scratched by slight crash or foreign bodies
such as sand.
If you live in a special area or operate the
car in special circumstance, please be
careful:
z
The dust on the road with saline-alkali
or chemical substances will speed up
corrosion. The air along the seacoast or in
contaminated industrial park is also saline.
z
High moisture will speed up corrosion,
especially in the area with a temperature
just over 0°C.
z
Certain parts of the car are always
under moisture or humidity. Even if the rest
parts are kept dry, corrosion will occur.
z
High compartment temperature may
cause corrosion to the parts which can not
get dry quickly due to lack of proper
ventilation.
The above items show the importance of
F0 Owner’s Manual
keeping the car, especially the bottom part
clean, and repairing the damaged paint film
and protection film ASAP.
To avoid corrosion for BYD F0, please
follow the instructions below:
Wash the car regularly.
Washing your car regularly can keep it clean.
But for anti-corrosion, please abide by the
following points:
z
In winter if you drive the car on the
road with saline-alkali or live by the sea,
please wash the running part of the car at
least once per month to reduce corrosion.
z
High pressure or steam is effective for
cleaning chassis and wheel cover. Slurry
and dirt in these positions are difficult to
remove, you need to pay extra attention as
getting the slurry and crumbs wet without
removing them may cause severer damage.
Please avoid the dust jamming the drain
hole on the lower edge of the door, sill plate,
and frame, or water accumulated will lead
to corrosion.
z
Arrange a thorough cleaning for the
chassis when winter is over.
For more hints, please see "Washing and
Waxing".
Check the car's paint and decorative
pieces. When there is any fragment or crack
on the paint film, please repair it at once to
avoid the access to corrosion. If the
fragments or cracks peel off the metal
surface, please contact the service store
authorized by BYD for repair.
Check inside of carriage. Moisture and
dust will concentrate beneath the floor mats
and cause corrosion, please check the
underside of the floor mats frequently and
make sure it is dry. When you transport
chemicals, detergent, fertilizer, or salt,
please pay particular attention and use
proper containers for transportation. In case
of any spillage or leakage, please clean it
immediately and keep dry.
Use mudguard. When driving in
saline-alkali area or on the gravel road, you
can use mudguard to protect the car. The
mudguard with big size and short distance
from the ground has better effect. Small
mudguard for wheel cover of BYD F0 is a
decorative item. The service store
authorized by BYD can provide the service
of mudguard installation to the users.
95
BYD AUTO
Park the car in well ventilated garage or
other place with roof, but not in damp or
unventilated garage. To wash your car in
the garage or drive on the wet or snowy
road will get the garage damp and thus
cause corrosion. Even though the garage is
dry, the car will also get damp and suffer
corrosion if it is poorly ventilated.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Manual Cleaning for BYD F0
Clean the car in shade place when it does
not feel hot.
Friendly Tips
z
Please protect your hands from
hurt while cleaning the underside of
the floor or chassis.
Washing and waxing
Cleaning for BYD F0
Clean the car in normal way.
In the cases below, the paint film may peel
off and there will be corrosion in the car
body and parts. Please clean the car
immediately.
z
Driving along the seacoast.
z
Driving on the road covered with
anti-freezer.
z
Stuck with coal tar, resin, bird manure,
and dead insects.
z
Driving in the area with heavy smoke,
coal ash, dust, iron fillings, or chemical
substances.
z The car is obviously covered with dust
and slurry.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Use water pipe to wash away the
loose dirt and all the slurry and
saline-alkali at the bottom of the car
and in the sunked places of the
wheels.
Use neutral detergent to wash the car.
The detergent mixture should meet the
requirements from its manufacturer.
Dip a soft cloth into the detergent to
wipe the car, and use soap water and
clean water to remove the dirt.
Thorough wash: When the soap water
get dry, it will leave taints. So in the
summer, please use clean water to
flush each part of the car after
washing.
To avoid leaving water mark, please
dry the car body with clean soft towel.
Do not wipe or press too bard, or the
paint surface may be damaged.
Decorative plastic pieces on wheels: The
decorative plastic pieces are easy to be
damaged by organic substances. If any
organic substance spills onto the decorative
pieces, please wash it away by clean water
and check whether the decorative pieces are
hurt.
Friendly Tips
z
Do not install the seriously
damaged decorative pieces for plastic
wheels, or they may drop off the wheel
while driving and thus lead to accident.
Aluminum wheel: wash it only with neutral
soap water or neutral detergent.
Plastic bumper: be careful to wash it. Do
not use detergent with grinding materials to
wipe it, because its front side is soft.
Asphalt from the road: wash it by
turpentine or detergent marked as
non-harmful to the painted surface.
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BYD AUTO
Notice
F0 Owner’s Manual
2.
‹ Do not use such organic
substances as gas, kerosene, naphtha,
and strong solvent, or you may get
toxic or the car will be damaged.
Auto Car Washing
You can wash your car at auto carwash
station. But please take notice that some
types of brushes, unfiltered water, and the
wash process adopted by the machine will
hurt the painted surface. Hurt to the painted
surface will reduce its duration and gloss
particularly for the car in dark color.
Usually the staff from carwash will tell you
which washing process is most proper for
the painted surface.
Waxing for BYD F0
To keep the glossy as brand-new, we
suggest you to polish and wax the car once
per month; if the car body is not quite
water-resistant, please do waxing.
1.
Before waxing, please wash the car
and dry the body even if you use the
mixture of detergent and wax.
3.
Please use quality polish and car wax.
When the polishing on the car body
has been weathered seriously, please
use the cleaning polish separated from
the car wax. Follow the instructions
and precautions from the manufacturer.
The chrome plated surface also need
polishing and waxing.
On a large surface, if the water can not
form beads but stay on the surface,
you shall wax the car.
Inside cleaning
Friendly Tips
z
Do not wash the floor with water
or allow the water to flow onto the
floor while cleaning the car inside or
outside, as the water may enter the
audio devices or other electric
appliances on the carpet (mat), which
may result in malfunction of the
devices and corrosion of the car body.
Notice
‹ When the car is placed in
painting & polishing workshop with
high temperature for repainting,
please remove the plastic bumper from
the car, or high heat may damage the
bumper.
Carpet
Please use quality foam detergent to clean
the carpet.
First use the dust collector to absorb the
dust. Several kinds of foam detergents are
applicable, some are packed in aerosol can,
and the rest are powder or liquid to be
mixed with water for foam. Use a sponge or
brush dipped with foam to wash the carpet,
and the sponge or brush shall move in
circle.
No clean water is needed, just keep the
carpet dry.
Please read the instructions for detergent
and strictly follow them.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
The seat belt can be washed with neutral
soap water or tepid water.
Use sponge or soft cloth to clean it. And
check if the seat belt has evidence of
abrasion or cut.
Please use damp and soft cloth to clean the
air conditioning control panel, car stereo
system, instrument panel, central control
panel, and switches.
Dip a clean and soft cloth into the water or
tepid water, and then wipe away the dust
gently.
Notice
Notice
‹ The seat belt can not be cleaned
with coloring agent or bleacher, or its
strength will be weakened.
‹ Do not use organic substances
(like solvent, kerosene, alcohol, or gas)
and acid-base solutions, because these
chemicals will lead to color change,
taint, and peeling on the surface.
If any part of the leather gets wet after
cleaning, please wipe it dry with a clean soft
cloth and keep it in the ventilated shade for
drying.
‹ Before using detergent or polish,
first please make sure they do not
include the above substances.
Notice
Seat Belt
‹ Do not use the seat belt until it is
dry.
Doors and Windows
Doors and windows can be cleaned with
normal household detergent.
Notice
‹ While cleaning the inside of the
back window, please be careful not to
scratch or damage the heater strip or
the plug.
‹ If you use new liquid detergent,
please do not spill the liquid onto the
inside surface of the car as they may
contain above substance. You should
clean up the spilled liquid at once in the
way described previously.
Leather Ornament Inside the Car
For leather ornaments, you can use neutral
detergent designed for woolen fabrics to
clean them.
Use a soft cloth dipped with 5% of neutral
detergent designed for woolen fabrics to
erase the dust, and then wipe off the residual
detergent with a clean wet cloth.
‹ If you can not wash off the dirt
with neutral detergent, please use the
detergent without organic solvent.
‹ Do not use organic substances to
clean the leather, like naphtha, alcohol,
gas, or acid-base solution, because they
will make the leather fade.
‹ Dirty leather ornaments will
generate mold. Please try to avoid oil
stain and always keep the ornaments
clean.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
‹ Long-time exposure to the sun
may cause solidification or shrinkage
to the leather surface. So please park
your car in the shade especially in
summer.
‹ In the hot summer, the
temperature inside the car tends to
rise. Do not place those articles made
of vinyl plastic, plastic, or waxy
materials on the leather ornaments,
because those articles will stick to the
leather
in
high-temperature
environment.
‹ Improper cleaning for the leather
ornaments may lead to color fading or
spots.
In case of any query for cleaning the car,
please consult the local service store
authorized by BYD.
99
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 6
Chapter 6 Maintenance Knowledge
Maintenance........................................................................................................................................................................... 101
Signs for repair arrangement.................................................................................................................................................. 101
Maintenance schedule for BYD F0........................................................................................................................................ 101
100
BYD AUTO
Maintenance
Regular maintenance is very important.
Here BYD recommend you to maintain F0
according to the maintenance schedule
below. Regular maintenance is helpful in:
z
Fuel saving
z
Extension of service life
z
Joy of driving
z
Safe driving
z
Stable driving
z
Warranty compliance
z
Compliance with government rules
Signs for repair arrangement
Please pay attention to the auto performance,
sound change, and the apparent signs for
repair arrangement. Below are some
significant signs:
z
The engine is misfiring, unstable, or
with a bang.
z
Power is decreasing dramatically.
z
The engine is with strange noise.
z
There is water leakage from the
underneath of the car. (Water drops for
working air conditioning are normal.)
z
The exhaust noise is changing.
(Perhaps there is carbon monoxide
leakage. You need to open the window
while driving and examine the exhaust
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
z
z
z
z
system right away.)
The tire is leaking air. There is
excessive tire noise while turning, and
uneven tire abrasion.
The car will deflect to one side while
running on the flat ground in a straight
line.
There is strange noise related to
movement of the suspension system.
Braking effect is dropping. The brake
pedal or clutch pedal feels like a
sponge, or almost touches the floor.
While braking, the car deflect to one
side.
The engine coolant temperature keeps
on the high side.
In case of above conditions, please take
your car to the service store authorized by
BYD for examination and repair at once.
Friendly Tips
z
Do not continue to drive the car
before examination, or there may be
serious damage to the car or personal
injury.
Maintenance schedule for BYD F0
z
Maintenance schedule for BYD F0 is
to ensure stable driving, void
malfunction, safe and economical
driving.
z
Please refer to the maintenance
schedule for maintenance interval. It
is subject to the readings on the
milometer or time interval, whichever
comes earlier.
z
Please also maintain the items already
out of its final time at the same time
interval.
Maintenance interval for each item is
recorded in the maintenance schedule.
For rubber hose (used for cooling and
heating system, braking system, and fuel
system), please contact the service store
authorized by BYD to arrange an
examination
according
to
the
maintenance schedule for BYD F0.
They are very important maintenance items.
In case of any degradation or damage to the
hose, please replace it with a new one
immediately. Please note the rubber hose
will degrade over time and thus come into
inflation, abrasion, and burst.
101
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Maintenance schedule
Maintenance Operations:
Maintenance
Interval
I=to examine, repair, or replace if necessary; R=to replace, change, or lubricate; C=to clean.
Milometer Readings or Months, Whichever Comes Earlier
×1, 000(km)
Maintenance
Months
Items
Engine & Transmission
1 Check if the ribbed belt is with crack, flying chip, or
abrasion and adjust its intensity.
2 Check if the ignition cable is damaged.
3 Check and replace the
General
Common
spark plug.
Service
Spark Plug
Condition
(K6RTM2)
Severe service Condition
4 Check the crankcase ventilation system (PCV valve and
air hose)
5 Check if the water-cooling pipe is damaged and whether
its connection is firm.
6 Check the engine coolant level in the tank.
7 Replace the engine coolant.
8 Replace the core of the
General Service Condition
air cleaner.
Severe service Condition
9 Change the motor oil.
General Service Condition
3
8
13
18
23
28
33
38
43
48
53
58
63
68 73
First
Time
6
9
12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
39
42 45
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Replacement for Each 10,000km
Replacement in Advance as Required
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Replacement for Each 2 Years or 40,000km
Cleaning for Each 2,500km;
Replacement for Each 15,000km
Replacement in Advance as Required
R: Replacement for Each 5,000km or 6 Months
I
I
102
BYD AUTO
Severe service Condition
General Service Condition
Severe service Condition
11 Check the battery accumulator.
12 Check the idle speed of the engine.
13 Check the ignition timing.
14 Check and adjust the valve clearance.
15 Check if the exhaust fitting is leaking air.
16 Check the control cable of the throttle valve.
17 The throttle body.
18 The oil nozzle.
19 Check the oxygen sensor.
20 Check the three-way catalytic converter.
21 The fuel filter.
22 The fuel tank cover, fuel pipe, and terminal.
23 The active carbon canister.
24 Check and change the General Service Condition
gear oil inside the
Severe service Condition
manual transmission.
Chassis & Car Body
25 Check the fixation screw fastening the chassis.
26 The brake pedal and parking brake.
27 The brake pad and brake disc.
28 Brake fluid.
10 Replace the oil filter.
F0 Owner’s Manual
R:for Each 3,000km
R: Replacement for Each 5,000km or 6 Months
R:for Each 3,000km
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Cleaning for Each 10,000km
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Replacement for Each 10,000km or 6 Months
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R:Time Period Reduction as Required
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
103
BYD AUTO
29 The brake pipe and hose.
30 Power-assisted steering fluid.
31 The steering wheel and draw bar.
32 The dust helmet of transmission shaft.
33 The ball pin and dust helmet.
34 The front and back suspension system.
35 The tire and inflation pressure.
36 Check the front and back wheel alignment.
37 Check if the wheel bearing is with clearance.
38 Check the function of the clutch system and adjust the
pedal travel.
39 Cooling or heating system.
40 The filter of air conditioning.
41 The refrigerant of air conditioning.
42 Check the air bag system.
43 Check damage to the car body.
F0 Owner’s Manual
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
Annually
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
104
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notes:
(1)
Time period for replacement of oil filter can be reduced based on the dirt level of the petrol engine.
(2)
Severe service condition means:
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
Always running in the dusty area or exposure to salty air.
Always running on the bumpy, water-logging, or mountain road.
Running in cold areas.
The engine frequently suffers long-lasting idle running or short-distance running in the cold season.
Frequently use of the brake, frequent hard braking.
It often functions as a tow trailer.
It is used as a taxi.
Running time in urban area with busy traffic and a temperature over 32℃ exceeds 50% of the total running time.
Running time at the speed of 120km/h with a temperature over 32℃ exceeds 50% of the total running time.
Always running overload.
105
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Section 7-1
Chapter 7 Self-Maintenance
1. Preface
Appearance of the engine compartment................................................................................................................................. 107
Fuse layout ............................................................................................................................................................................. 108
Precautions for self-maintenance ........................................................................................................................................... 109
Positioning of the Jack ........................................................................................................................................................... 110
106
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Appearance of the engine compartment
1.
Detergent tank for the Wiper Front and Back
2.
Oil Dipstick
3.
Oil Filler Cap
4.
Distribution Box of Engine Compartment
5.
Battery
6.
Inflated Tank
7.
Cooling Fan
8.
Radiator
9.
Condenser
107
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Fuse layout
Relay Box on
Instrument Panel
the
Fore-hatch
Relay Box
Distribution Box
for Combination
Fore-compartent
Distribution Box
For the name of electric parts protected by each fuse, please see “Fuse & Relay” in Section 8.
108
BYD AUTO
Precautions for self-maintenance
For self-maintenance, please follow the
correct procedures here.
Please be careful that improper or
incomplete maintenance may cause
handling problems.
This section is intended for easy
self-maintenance operation only, but as
described in Section 6, some parts herein
must be maintained by qualified technician
with special tools.
For maintenance operation, please follow
the precautions below so as to avoid
accidental injury.
For examination and replacement, please
contact the service store authorized by
BYD.
Friendly Tips
z
When the engine is running,
please keep your hands, cloths, and the
tools away from the cooling fan and
driving belt (take off your exposed
necklace, watch, and necktie).
z
After startup, the temperature of
the engine, radiator, exhaust device,
hose of the spark plug, motor oil,
coolant, and spark plug will get very
F0 Owner’s Manual
high. Please be careful and do not
touch them.
z
When the engine is with high
temperature, please do not remove the
radiator cap or loosen the drain plug,
or you may get a burn.
z
Do not put any flammable
objects in the engine area, like tissue or
crumbs.
z
Do not smoke, or the spark may
cause fire of fuel or battery.
z
For disposal of the battery, please
be careful since it contains toxic gas
and erosive sulphur acid.
z
Do not got under the bottom of
car when it is being lifted up, usually
by auto hydraulic devices.
z
When you work nearby the
cooling fan or radiator, make sure the
ignition switch is turned off. If it is
turned on, the high-temperature
coolant or working air conditioning
will make the cooling fan running.
z
If you are working under the
environment with possibility of
exposure to flying and dropping
objects
or
spray,
please
use
appropriate eye protection.
z
Please avoid to touch the motor
oil repeatedly, because it contains
potential toxic substances and may
cause
skin
irritation,
skin
inflammation, or even skin cancer.
When you smear the motor oil by
accident, please wash it with soapy
water.
z
Keep the used motor oil in a safe
container, but not in household waste
bin, sewer, or anywhere the children
can reach. You can call the dealer or
service store authorized by BYD to ask
for more information about recycling
and disposal of motor oil.
z
Please be careful in adding the
brake fluid, because it is harmful to
your hands and eyes. When the brake
fluid sticks to your hands or goes into
your eyes by accident, please wash the
affected parts with water immediately.
If you still feel uncomfortable, please
go and see the doctor soon.
109
BYD AUTO
Attention
‹ There is strong current in the
battery and high voltage in the ignition
coil, never make a short circuit.
‹ The engine coolant in the radiator
shall be quality ethylene glycol organic
compounds free of silicate, amines,
nitrite, or borates. This coolant
contains 50% cooling fluid and 50%
deionized water.
‹ If you spill the coolant by
accident, please clean it up with water
so as to avoid erosion to the parts and
the painted surface.
‹ Do not allow any dirt to enter the
hole of the spark plug.
‹ The outer electrode of the spark
plug should not be fixed opposite to the
central electrode.
F0 Owner’s Manual
water so as to avoid damage to the
parts and the painting.
Positioning of the Jack
‹ You should install the air cleaner,
or the engine may be damaged by
excessive abrasion.
‹ Please do not use paper
handkerchief to wipe the glass surface.
‹ When you close the engine
compartment cover, please check if
there
are
tools
or
crumbs
left.
Front
Back
In order to lift the car by jack, please put the
jack in the right position as showed on this
figure.
‹ Please use the specified spark
plug. Other spark plugs may cause
damage, performance fall-off, or noise
to the engine,
‹ When you spill the brake fluid by
accident, please clean it up with clear
110
BYD AUTO
Friendly Tips
To reduce the possibility of personal
injury, please obey the instructions
below when you try to lift the car by
jack.
‹ Try to avoid breathing in the
exhaust gas from the engine, because
the exhaust gas contains carbon
monoxide, which is colorless and
smellless. It will cause serious injury.
‹ No part of your body is allowed
to stay under the car lifted by jack, or
there may be bodily injury.
‹ When the car is lifted by jack,
please do not start or operate the
engine.
F0 Owner’s Manual
injuries.
‹ When the car is supported
completely by jack, no one is allowed
to stay under the car. Please use car
support stand to hold it.
‹ When someone is in the car,
please do not lift it.
‹ Do not put any materials on the
top or bottom of the jack while lifting.
Notice
‹ Make sure the jack is stored
properly, or it may damage the car.
‹ Park your car on the firm and
flat ground and make sure the parking
brake is pulled up. If necessary, please
block the tire opposite to the lifting
point.
‹ Make sure the jack is placed on
the right lifting point. To lift the car by
a jack not placed properly may
damage the car or make the car drop
down from the jack and thus cause
111
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Chapter 7-2
Self-maintenance
2. Engine and Chassis
Check the oil level.................................................................................................................................................................. 113
Check the engine coolant level .............................................................................................................................................. 114
Check the radiator and condenser .......................................................................................................................................... 115
Check the tire pressure........................................................................................................................................................... 115
Check and replace the tire...................................................................................................................................................... 116
Rotate the tire......................................................................................................................................................................... 117
Replace wheel ........................................................................................................................................................................ 118
Notes on aluminum wheels .................................................................................................................................................... 119
112
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Check the oil level
4.
Max level
Min level
inaccurate.
Pull out the oil level dipstick, place a
piece of cloth on its end and check the
oil level.
Notice
‹ Please pay attention to not drip
the oil onto the parts of the car.
Add oil
Proper
Too full
When the engine is in the working
temperature, shut down the engine and
check the oil level by the oil level
dipstick.
1.
2.
3.
To obtain the accurate reading,you
should park the car on flat ground.
Wait a few minutes after shutting
down the engine to let the oil
concentrate at the bottom of the
engine.
Pull out the oil level dipstick, place a
piece of cloth on its end and wipe it
clean.
Reinsert the oil level dipstick — try to
insert it as deeply as possible,
otherwise the reading will be
If the oil level is lower or slightly higher
than the Min oil level line, you should add
oil of the same type into the engine.
Remove the oil cover, add a small amount
of oil and check the oil level dipstick.
Repeat this process until the oil level is
close to the Max oil level line. We suggest
you to use funnel to add the oil.
After adding oil, the oil level shall be
between Min level line and Max level line
on the oil level dipstick.
When the oil level reaches the proper range,
please install the oil cover and screw it tight.
Notice
‹ Please pay attention to not drip
the oil onto the parts of the car.
‹ Avoid adding too much oil,
otherwise the engine will be
damaged.
‹ When you finish adding the oil,
please check again the oil level on the
oil level dipstick.
The choice of oil
Please use the lubricants approved by the
service store authorized by BYD or the
same goods meeting the following grade
and viscosity.
Oil grade of gasoline engine:
SAE 5W—30
SAE 10W-30/40
API grade
Above -30℃
Above -15℃
SG grade or
above
Amount: 3 L
The specification of gear oil used by the
transmission:
113
BYD AUTO
above -30℃
75W—90
80W—90
80W—90
80W—140
API grade
F0 Owner’s Manual
above -15℃
or
The whole year in
the South
GL-4
grade
or
above
Oil identification mark
Some oil container has one or two API
register labels for reference when
choosing oil.
Amount: 1.6-1.7L
Recommended oil viscosity (SAE):
Expected temperature range before
changing the oil next time.
In the extremely cold days, if you use
SAE 10W-30 or oil with higher viscosity,
the engine will be hard to start, so oil
SAE 5W-30 is recommended.
API classification mark
API classification mark is located
somewhere outside the oil container.
The upper part of the label is the oil quality
specified by API (American Petroleum
Institute), such as SL. The middle part of
the label is SAE viscosity grade, such as
SAE 10W-30. “Energy-Conserving” on
the lower part of the label means this oil is
fuel-saving.
ILSAC certification mark
The certification mark of ILSAC
(International Lubricant
Standardisation
and Approval Committee) is on the front
side of the container.
Check the engine coolant level
In the engine cooling state, check the
transparent coolant tank. The coolant
level in the tank is proper if it is between
“FULL” and “LOW” line. If the
level is low, you need to add coolant.
(About the type of coolant, refer to the
following” Coolant Type Choice”.)
The coolant level in the tank will vary with
the engine temperature. However, if the
liquid level is at the “LOW” line or
below, you need to add the coolant to make
the liquid level up to the “FULL” line.
114
BYD AUTO
After adding coolant, if the coolant level
drops in a short time, the system may have
leakage. You should look and check the
radiator, hose, radiator cover, vent cock as
well as pump.
If you can not find out any leakage, you can
go to the service store authorized by BYD
to test the cover pressure and check whether
the cooling system have leakage or not.
Friendly Tip
z
To avoid burns, please don’t
remove the radiator cover when the
engine temperature is high.
Coolant type choice
Only the coolants approved by the service
store authorized by BYD can be used, you
should choose the suitable type of coolant
according to the ambient temperature.
Inappropriate use of the coolant will
damage the engine cooling system.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
‹ Please don’t use water as
coolant.
You can contact the service store authorized
by BYD for details.
Check the radiator and condenser
When radiator or condenser is too dirty or
you are not sure about the extent of dirt,
please send the car to the service store
authorized by BYD.
Friendly Tip
z
When the engine is hot, please
pay attention not to touch the
radiator or condenser to avoid
scalding.
Check the tire pressure
Keep the tire with proper pressure.
You can refer to Chapter 8 for the
recommended cold tire pressure and the tire
size.
You should check the tire pressure once two
weeks or at least once a month. Don’t
forget to check the spare tire pressure.
Improper tire pressure may cause higher
fuel consumption and reduce the driving
comfort, the tire life and the traffic safety.
If the tire needs to be charged regularly, you
shall have it checked by the service store
authorized by BYD.
Friendly Tip
Keep the tire pressure proper.
Otherwise, the following will happen
and cause accidents.
Low tire pressure(underinflated)
Notice
z
Excessive abrasion
‹ Don’t check it by yourself to
avoid damag to the radiator and
condenser.
z
Abnormal abrasion
z
Difficulty in handling the car
z
The tire is too hot to cause air
leakage.
115
BYD AUTO
z
The preformance of the tire
hermetic seal will be weak.
z
Wheel deformation and/ or tire
separation.
High pressure(overinflated)
z
Difficulty in handling the car
z
The central wheel pattern is
excessively abraded.
z
The possibility that the hard
road causes damage to the tire is
bigger.
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
Please don’t deflate the tire or
reduce the tire pressure after driving. It is
normal that the tire pressure get higher after
driving.
z
Make sure that the tire valve cover
is installed. If there is no valve cover, dust
or moisture will enter the valve core and
lead to leakage. If the valve cover is lost,
you should install a new one immediately.
Check and replace the tire
If the depth of the tire is abraded to
4mm(mm) or less, the snow tire function
will be lost.
Tire abrasion indicating mark
If you find the tire damages such as cut,
crack, deep crack with the cord fabric
exposed or expansion, that means the tire
has an internal damage, you need to
replace it.
When checking tire pressure, you should
comply with the following instruction:
z
You can check the tire pressure only
when the tire is cold. You can get the
proper cold tire pressure reading only if the
car has been in parking for at least 3 hours
or has been driven no more than 1.5km(km).
z
You need to use the tire pressure
gauge. Estimate the tire pressure by
experience may have errors. In addition,
difference of only a few pounds in tire
pressure will reduce the performance of
taking and driving a car.
mark to indicate when you should replace
the tire. If the depth of the tire is abraded to
1.6mm or less, you can see the abrasion
indicating mark. If you see the abrasion
indicating mark appearing in two or more
adjacent pattern grooves, you need to
replace the tire. The danger of skidding is
greater if the tire is thinner.
Check the tire
Use the tire abrasion indicating mark to
check the tire surface. If you can see the
indicating mark, you should replace the tire.
The tire of F0 embeds abrasion indicating
If the tire leaks frequently or it can’t be
repaired because of the size and location of
cuts and other damages, you need to replace
the tire. If you are not sure, please contact
the service store authorized by BYD.
If the leak happens in driving, don’t
continue driving. Even moving a short
distance may cause unrepairable damage to
the tire.
116
BYD AUTO
Any tire that has been used more than six
years, even if there is no distinct damage,
should be checked by qualified technical
staff.
Even if the tire has never or infrequently
been used, its performance will degrade
because of aging.
This also apply to the spare tire and tires in
inventory.
Replace tire
When replacing tire, you should use a tire
which has the same size, structure and
the same or greater carring capacity than
the tire to be replaced.
Using the tire of any other size or type will
seriously affect the driving, taking, the
calibration
of
speedometer/odometer,
distance from ground and the distance
between car and tire or the tire chain.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
Please comply with the following
instruction, otherwise, it may cause
serious accidents.
z
Don’t use radial tire, bias
belted tire or diagonal-ply tyre to the
car, otherwise it may cause typical
operation danger and make the car
out of control.
You should keep the wheels’ balance after
replacing the tire.
Unbalanced wheels will affect vehicle
operation and the tire life. In normal use, the
wheels will lose its balance gradually, so
you should check them aperiodically to
keep the wheels balance.
Rotate the tire
z
Don’t use the other tire size
other than the manufacturer’s
recommendation, otherwise it may
cause a typical operation danger and
make the car out of control.
Never use old tires on the F0.
It is dangerous to use the tire of unknown
source.
We recommend that you replace the four
tires at the same time, or at least the two
front or rear tires at the same time.
Please refer to Chapter 4 “If the tire
deflates” for the steps of tire replacement.
In order to keep the abrasion of tires at
the same level and to extend the tire life,
we recommend that you rotate the tire
when you travel every 10, 000 kms.
However, the most appropriate time to
rotate the tire is in accordance with the
driving habit of the driver and the road
condition.
117
BYD AUTO
When rotating the tire, you should check
whether there is uneven abrasion or damage.
Inproper tire pressure, improper wheel
alignment, unbalanced wheel or frequent
braking may cause abnormal abrasion of the
tire.
Choice of tire chain
Use thtire chaine of proper size.
The using rule of tire chain varies
according to the location or the type of
the road. So, you should make sure the
local rule before you install the tire chain.
The installation of tire chain
Install the tire chain on the front tires as
tightly as possible. Don’t use the tire tire
chain on the rear tires. After driving
0.5—1.0 km, please tighten the tire chain
once again.
You should comply with the instruction of
tire chain factory when installing the tire
chain to the tires.
If you used a wheel cover, it will be
scratched by the tire chain. So you must
remove the wheel cover before installing the
tire chain.
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
z
The driving speed should not
exceed 50km/h or the lower speed
limit prescribed by the tire chain
factory.
z
Drive carefully
and pay
attention to the bulge objects, holes
and a sharp turn, which may result
in the vehicle jumping.
z
When using the tire chain,
please avoid a sharp turn or a locked
wheel braking, which could adversely
affect the operation of the car.
z
When driving the car with tire
chain, you should be careful. Reduce
speed before making a turn to avoid
losing control of the car, otherwise it
may result in an accident.
Replace wheel
When to replace wheels
When the wheel has damages such as
bending, cracks or severe corrosions, it must
be replaced.
If you don’t replace the damaged wheels,
the tires may get off from the wheel and the
vehicle may be out of control.
The choice of wheels
When replacing the wheel, you should
make sure that the replaced wheel has the
same capacity, diameter, rim width and
bias volume as the old wheel.
The service store authorized by BYD can
replace the wheel properly.
Wheels of different sizes or types may have
an adverse effect on the operation, the life
of the wheel and bearing, the calibration of
speedometer / odometer, brake performance,
headlight collimation, bumper height,
vehicle height off ground and the distance
between tire or tire chain and the body or
chassis of the car.
Don’t use an old wheel to replace a
damaged wheel. Because these wheels may
have been disposed or have travelled a lot of
mileages, they may cause malfuction
without warning. And also the bended wheel
that has been repaired has a structural
damage, so it can’t be used. Don’t use
the inner tire specially designed for the tire
without inner tire on the leaked wheels.
118
BYD AUTO
Friendly Tips
z
Don’t use the wheels with a
size other than the factory’s
recommendation, because it may
cause a typical operation danger and
make the car out of control,
otherwise, it may cause serious
accidents.
F0 Owner’s Manual
z
When using the wheel tire chain to
adjust the wheel balance, you should only
use BYD balance block and plastic hammer
or rubber hammer.
z
As with all the cars, F0 should be
checked for wheel damage regularly. If you
find a damage, you should replace it
immediately.
Notes on aluminum wheels
z
The vehicles installed with aluminum
wheels should be checked to find out
whether the wheel bolts have loosed after
the initial l, 600 km travel.
z
If you rotate, repair or replace the
wheel, you should checked whether the
wheel bolts have loosed after l, 600 km
travel.
z
When using the tire chain, please pay
attention to not damaging the aluminum
wheels.
z
Only the BYD wheel bolts and
wreches specially designed for the
aluminum wheels can be used.
119
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Chapter 7-3
Self-maintenance
3. Electrical appliance parts
Check the battery status ......................................................................................................................................................... 121
Check and replace fuse .......................................................................................................................................................... 123
Add cleanser........................................................................................................................................................................... 124
Replace bulb........................................................................................................................................................................... 125
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Check the battery status
Emergency measures
Notices
Friendly Tips
Notices of battery.
Batteries can produce flammable and
explosive hydrogen gas.
z
When using tools, avoid sparks
on battery.
z
Don’t smoke or use matches
near the battery.
Electrolyte contains
corrosive sulfuric acid.
toxic
and
z
Keep the electrolyte away from
the eyes, skin or chothing.
z
Don’t drink the electrolyte by
mistake.
z
You need to wear safety goggles
when you work near the battery.
z
Keep children away from the
batteries.
Check the battery exterior
If the electrolyte splashes into eyes,
wash them with water immediately,
then go to hospital soon. If possible,
on the way to hospital, continue to
use sponge or cloth dipped with clean
water to wash the affected part.
Electrode connector
z
If the electrolyte splashes on the
skin, the skin should be fully cleaned.
If you feel pain or burning, you
should go to hospital immediately.
z
If the electrolyte splashes on the
clothing, it may seep in and contact
the skin. So you should take off the
clothes immediately, if necessary, you
should deal according to the
foregoing methods.
z
If you drink the electrolyte by
accident, you should drink plenty of
water or milk and eat milk with
magnesia, raw eggs or vegetable oil
then go to hospital immediately.
Battery lockplate
Check whether the battery is corroded
or the joint is loose or cracked or the
press tool is loose.
a.
If the battery has been corroded, you
should use the liquor mixed of warm
water and soda to wash it. Smear
grease to the external joint to avoid
further corrosion.
b.
If the joint connector is loose, you
should tighten the nut of the
clight—but not too tightly.
c.
Tighten the lockplate until it can
keep the battery fixed in place.
Excessive tightening will damage
the battery box.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Notice
‹ Before maintenance, make sure
the engine and all ancillary
equipments are closed.
You can know the interior state of the
battery according to the description
outside the battery and the battery status
indicator, as shown in the figure above.
Indicator
color
Green
Black
White
‹ When checking the battery, you
should disconnect the ground cable
on the negative joint (“_” mark)
first and install it in the last place.
‹ Avoid causing a short circuit
when using tools.
‹ When cleaning the battery, do
not let liquid enter into the battery.
Check by the indicator
Green
Black
Battery status
Good
Need to charge
Need to replace
Notices on recharging battery
When charging the battery, it will produce
hydrogen.
Therefore, before charging:
1.
Please rotate the ignition key to "0"
position and disconnect the battery
cathode when charging the battery
installed on the car.
2.
Before connecting or disconnecting
the wire between the charging device
and the battery, please power off the
charging device.
White
Friendly Tips (R)
z
Please charge the battery in
ventilated or open area. Don’t
charge the battery in unventilated or
closed area.
z
The charging current is 5A or
less. Please don’t charge it fast to
avoid accident such as battery
explosion.
z
When the battery electrolyte is
not enough, you need to replace the
battery, please don’t add the
electrolyte by yourself.
z
Type of battery on different
models may be different. When
replacing the battery, please make
sure to choose the battery of the same
model from the same manufacturer
as the original battery.
Notice
‹ Before maintenance, please
make sure that the engine and all the
accessories are closed.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
About the location of fuses, you can refer
to Section 7-1 “Fuse Arrangement”.
Check and replace fuse
Disconnect the ignition switch and
unworking
electrical
equipment.
Vertically pull out the fuse which may
have problem and check it.
Good
Good
Burned
Burned
Model C
Model A
Find out which fuse has problem. There is
circuit name of each fuse on the cover of
fuse box. The control function of each
circuit can be found in Chapter 8 of this
manual.
If you are unable to make sure whether the
fuse has been burned, you can replace the
fuse that may have problem.
Model D(check whether it is fused by
special instrument)
Normal
Model B
Fused
If the headlight or other electrical parts
do not work, you should check the fuse.
If the fuse has been burned, you should
replace it.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
You can pull out Model A fuse by the fuse
pulling tool. The location of the fuse
pulling tool is shown in the figure above.
have problem. You should go to the
service store authorized by BYD for
repair.
If the fuse has been burned, you should
install a new fuse to the socket.
Friendly Tips
You should only install the fuse of the
amperage specifiedon the fuse box.
If there are no spare fuses, in emergency
situation, you can pull out the “DOME”
fuse which is dispensable in general
driving; if it has the same rating amperage,
it can be used as substitute temporarily.
If there is no fuse of the same amperage,
you should choose a fuse which has lower
amperage; and do try to get a fuse with the
amperage as close to the rating amperage
as possible. If you use the fuse whose
amperage is lower than the specified value,
it may be burned again, but this doesn’t
mean it has a problem. You should install a
proper fuse as soon as possible, then put
back the substitute fuse in place.
You had better to keep a set of spare fuses
in the car for emergency use.
If the new replaced fuse is burned
immediately, the electrical system may
liquid level on the storage tank. If the
level is lower, you should add cleanser.
z
Never use a fuse whose
amperage is higher than the rating
amperage or use any other objects to
replace the fuse, otherwise it may
cause serious damage and may lead
to fire.
Add cleanser
Pull open the storage tank cover before
adding the cleanser.
If the cleaner doesn’t work, the
cleaner storage tank may have been
empty; you should check the cleanser
You can use water as cleanser. But in cold
regions where the temperature is below
freezing, you need to use the cleanser with
antifreeze. These products are available in
the service store authorized by BYD and
most auto parts stores. About the mixing
ratio with water, you can refer to the
instruction of the manufacturer.
Put back the cover of the storage tank after
adding the cleanser in it.
124
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
W(watt)
Model
55
H1
55
H1
When traveling in rain or when the light
shade is wet after washing, the inside of
lamp shade of external light such as
headlight will temporarily fog. As the
windshield fogging in rainy days, this fog
isn’t a trouble as it is due to the
temperature difference between the inside
and the outside of light shade. But if there
is water droplet or water pool in the
lightshade, please contact the service store
authorized by BYD.
55
H11
Low beam light
5
W5W
21
PY21W
5
WY5W
21
PY21W
21
21
5*4
5
5
P21W
PR21W
W5W
W5W
W5W
21/5
P21/5W
Notice
Notice
‹ Don’t use engine antifreeze or
other substitutes, because this will
damage the vehicle paint.
‹ You should use the bulbs as
shown in the following table.
Replace bulb
The following figure shows the method to
take out the bulb. When replacing the bulb,
please make sure that the ignition switch
and light switch have been closed. Please
use bulbs with the same rating power as
the following table shows.
Friendly Tips
z
When the bulb is hot, please
don’t replace it to avoid burning.
z
The halogen bulb is filled with
pressurized gas, you should be
particularly careful. If the bulb is
scratched or falls to ground, it may
explode or crack. You should hold the
plastic or metal part of bulb. Don’t
touch the glass part of bulb with bare
hands.
Bulbs
Headlight (low
beam)
Headlight (high
beam)
Front fog light
Front parking
light
Front turn signal
light
Side turn signal
light
Rear turn signal
light
Backup light
Rear fog light
High brake light
License light
Reading light
Brake light/ rear
parking light
1.
Open the engine hood, Unplug the
headlight connector.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
connector. If the connector is too
tight, please twist it.
3.
Release the bulb fixing spring and
take out the bulb.
4.
Replace the bulb.
The steps of installation are opposite to the
disassembly.
You don’t have to refocus after replacing
the bulb. If you need to refocus, please
contact the service store authorized by
BYD.
High beam light
2.
Put out the headlight dustproof
sleeve, pull out the Low beam light
The steps of high beam is the same as the
Low beam light, ditto.
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BYD AUTO
Front parking light
F0 Owner’s Manual
Front turn signal light
Side turn signal light
The side turn signal light can’t be
replaced, if the bulb is damaged, please
contact the service store authorized by
BYD to replace the assembly of side turn
light.
Rear grouped lights
1.
Put out the front parking light
holder according to the above
figure.
1.
Put out the light holder according
to the above figure.
2.
Take out the bulb and replace it.
2.
Take out the bulb and replace it.
127
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
2.
1.
Use cross screwdriver to remove
the screws. (As shown in the figure
above)
a.
Brake light / taillight
b.
Rear turn signal light
c.
Rear fog light (driver side) or
backup light (passenger side)
3.
Remove the rear grouped light (As
shown in the figure above)
Remove the light holder in the
rotation direction as shown in the
figure above.
4.
Take out the bulb and replace it.
High mounted brake light
1.
Use cross screwdriver to remove
the screws.
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BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Friendly Tips
z
When plugging in/out the
connectors, if you drop the
connectors into the installation hole
by mistake, please contact the service
store authorized by BYD.
2.
Use flat screwdriver to unclench
the high mounted brake light.
4.
Take out the bulb.
The steps of installation is opposite to the
disassembly.
License light
When replacing the bulb of license light,
you should remove the assembly of license
light in the rear bumper, then replace the
bulb.
3.
Remove the light holder.
129
BYD AUTO
1.
Use a small flat screwdriver or the
similar tools to unclench the
license light.
F0 Owner’s Manual
2.
Turn
the
light
holder
counterclockwise and remove it.
3.
Remove the bulb.
The steps of installation are opposite to the
disassembly.
130
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Chapter 8
Chapter 8 Specification of parts
Maintenance specification...................................................................................................................................................... 132
Fuse and relay ........................................................................................................................................................................ 133
131
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Maintenance specification
Engine Lubrication
Gasoline engine oil level:
The grease is the lithium base
grease which is commonly used by cars.
Air-condition system
10W-30/40
above-15℃
Refrigerant specification:
HFC-134a
5W—30
above-30℃
Amount: 450g
Tires
Tire size
165/60 R14 75T
Tire pressure, KPa
220
Wheel bolt torque, N·m
108
Cooling System
SG level or above
coolant specification:
-25℃, high-quality glycol coolant
Amount: 3L
Amount: 3.5L(Liter)
Specification of gear oil used by the
transmission:
Braking System
75W—90
80W—90
80W—90
80W—140
above-30℃
above-15℃
or All year around the
South
API grade GL-4 grade or above.
Amount: 1.6-1.7L
Brake fluid specification:
DOT3
Amount: 1.0L(Liter)
Hydraulic steering system
Steering fluid specification:
ATF DEXRON Ⅲ
Amount: 0.8L(Liter)
132
BYD AUTO
F0 Owner’s Manual
Fuse and relay
(1)
Front
compartment
distribution
11.
Spare fuse (30A)
12.
Left front low beam light(10A)
13.
Left front high beam (10A)
14.
Right front low beam light(10A)
15.
Right front high beam (10A)
16.
ABS(60A)(when installed)
17.
Void space
18.
Cooling fan(30A)
19.
Headlight (40A)
20.
A/C magnetic clutch relay (when
installed)
4.
Void space
5.
Reading light (15A)
6.
EFI control (30A)
21.
Front fog relay(when installed)
power
1.
Electric horn (10A)
7.
Front fog light(15A) (when installed)
22.
Cooling fan relay
2.
Warning light (10A)
8.
AM2(30A)
23.
Electric horn relay
3.
Void space
9.
Spare fuse(10A)
24.
EFI main relay
10.
Spare fuse (15A)
25.
Oil pump relay
133
BYD AUTO
(2) Combination instrument part
F0 Owner’s Manual
31.
Air-conditioning
installed)
32.
Rear fog light (7.5A)
(7.5A)
Combination instrument(Right sight)
(when
36.
Brake light(10A)
37.
IG1(15A)
38.
Windscreen wiper (20A)
39.
ECU-IG(7.5A)
Combination instrument(Left sight)
Combination instrument(Back)
26.
Spare fuse (7.5A)
27.
Door lock(25A) (when installed)
28.
Back Defroster(20A) (when installed)
29.
Taillight (7.5A)
30.
Car Diagnosis (7.5A)
40.
Power window (30A) (when installed)
33.
Audio system ACC (15A)
41.
AM1(40A)
34.
IG2(15A)
42.
Blower (40A)
35.
Backup light (10A)
134
BYD AUTO
(1)
Instrument panel relay part
43.
ACC Relay
44.
Blower Relay
45.
IG Relay
46.
Back Defroster Relay (when installed)
F0 Owner’s Manual
(2)
Front cabin relay part
47.
Low beam light relay
48.
Reserved space
135
136
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