Epson | NX | Specifications | Epson NX Specifications

NOT INTENDED
FOR SALE
PN 80820202
Federal Communications
Commission
Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and ifnot installed and used properly,
that is, in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s
instructions,
may cause interference to radio
and television reception.
It has been type tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
B computing device in accordance with the specifications
in Subpart J of Part 15 of FCC Rules,
which are designed to provide reasonable protection
against such interference in a residential
installation.
However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular
installation.
If this equipment does cause interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
l Reorient the receiving antenna
l Relocate the computer
or printer with respect to the receiver
l Move the computer
or printer away from the receiver
l Plug the computer
or printer into a different outlet so that it and the receiver are on
different branch circuits.
If necessary, the user should consult the dealer or an experienced redio/television
technician
for additional suggestions.
The user may find the following booklet, prepared by the Federal
Communications
Commission
helpful: “How to Identify and Resolve Radio-TV Interference
Problems.” This booklet is available from the U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington,
D.C., 20402, Stock No. 004-000-00345-4.
For compliance
cable.
with the Federal Noise Interference
The above statement
Standard,
applies only to printers marketed
Trademark
this equipment
requires a shielded
in the U.S.A.
Acknowledgements
NX-1000, NL-10, NP-10, NX-lO/lS, ND-IO/IS, NR-10/15: Star Micronics Co., Ltd
IBM PC, IBM Proprinter II, PC-DOS: International
Business Machines Corp.
Microsoft BASIC, MS-DOS: Microsoft Corporation
LX-800, FX-%e, EX-800, LX-80/W Seiko Epson Corp.
NOTICE
l All rights reserved. Reproduction
of any part of this manual in any form whatsoever
without STAR’s express permission is forbidden.
l The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
l Ail efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual at the
time of press. However, should any errors be detected, STAR would greatly appreciate
being informed of them.
l The above notwithstanding,
STAR can assume no responsibility
for any errors in this
manual.
@Copyright
1987 Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
HOW
TO USE THIS MANUAL
This manual is organized into five chapters and four appendixes. To
learn how to make the best use of your printer you are urged to read all
of chapters 1 through 5. The appendixes can be referred to as necessary.
Chapter 1 explains how to get the printer unpacked and set up. Read this
chapter before you do anything else.
Chapter 2 explains the control panel. After getting set up, read this chapter
and try out the procedures in it to find out how the printer works.
Chapter 3 gives tips on using word-processing programs and other commercial software with this printer. Read this chapter in conjunction with
your software manual.
Chapter 4 is addressed to do-it-yourself programmers. It shows simple
programming examples using DOS commands and BASIC.
Chapter 5 covers maintenance and troubleshooting. Look through
chapter to see what it contains, then refer to it as necessary later.
this
Appendix A lists the printer’s technical specifications.
Appendix B details the functions of escape sequences and other printer
commands.
Appendix C presents a BASIC program you can use to define and download
new characters.
Appendix D presents tables of the printer’s character sets.
FEATURES
OF THE PRINTER
This printer is a compact, convenient, monochrome printer without frills
but with a full complement of features, making it an excellent partner for
a personal computer. It supports the IBM/Epson printer commands and
character sets, enabling it to print just about anything your computer can
generate, both text and graphics. Some of its main features are the following:
l
Extensive software support
Since it is compatible with the Epson and IBM printers, it works with
any software that supports those printers. That includes most word-processing and graphics programs, spreadsheets, and integrated software
packages.
l
Easy operation
Clearly understandable lamp displays and beep tones provide immediate
feedback when you press the switches on the control panel. The four switches
can operate in combinations to perform a surprising variety of functions,
including margin setting and micro-alignment.
l
Easy care and maintenance
The ribbon cartridge can be replaced in seconds; the print head in a few
minutes.
l
Versatile paper handling
Single sheets, fanfold forms, and multi-copy forms (up to triple-ply)
are all accepted, and you can use either tractor or friction feed. A special
feature enables you to keep fanfold forms parked in readiness while printing
on other paper.
l
High-resolution
near-letter-quality
printing
When you select an NLQ type style, the printer slows down and employs
a dense matrix of up to 18 by 23 dots to print clear, well-formed characters.
l
Large variety of type styles and sizes
The printer has one draft style and four NLQ styles (Courier, Sanserif,
and Orator with small capitals or lower case), plus italics for all styles, plus
condensed print, bold print, double-sized print, quadruple-sized print - see
the samples on the next page:
._.
-
Type styles are:
D!.-a.f:.k
ClI-,
3.
I'"
FL,
(-1
,t
$>
]"(=,
p
Courier characters,
Sanserif
ORATOR
characters,
WITH
SMALL
CAPITALS,
OR
with lower case characters,
and J-TALICS for all ~+yt,p.j'a,~a
Print pitches are:
Pica pitch,
Elite pitch,
Condensed
pica pitch,
Condensed
elite
pitch,
proportionalspacing for all pitches,
Quad-
sized.
Various line and character spacings:
THE
SPACINGS
ARE
CHANGED
Other features:
Emphasized, Double-strike.
Underlininq Werlinlng.
BUPERSCRIPT' sUBeCRIPT0
Download ch:racters : ~~~;~.,i:.!:,':~~i~,,~
Dot graphics:
TABLEOFCONTENTS
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
SETTING UP THE PRINTER
Locating the printer
Unpacking and inspection
Check the carton contents
Setting up
Mount the platen knob
Remove the top cover
Install the ribbon cartridge
Replace the top cover
Connect the printer to the computer
Connect the printer’s power cord
Loading single sheets
Mount the paper guide
Semiautomatic loading
Manual loading
Loading and parking fanfold forms
Paper parking
Paper unparking
Test printing
Short self test
Long selft test
Interface test
Adjusting the printing gap
DIP switch settings
CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
Switches and indicators
Power indicator
On Line switch
Paper Feed switch
Print Pitch switch
NLQ Type Style switch
Power-up functions
Short test pattern
Long test pattern
Stay in panel pitch
Stay in panel style
Hexadecimal dump
Switch combination functions
Paper parking
Page feed
1
1
1
3
6
9
12
14
14
19
19
23
26
Top of form
Forward micro-feed
Reverse micro-feed
Left margin
Right margin
Clearing the buffer
Chapter 3
USING THE PRINTER WITH
COMMERCIAL
SOFTWARE
Installing your software
Printer menu
Printer command options
Type styles
Page width
Initialization sequence
Setting the DIP switches
Using your software
Page alignment
Type style and pitch selection
Other printer commands
31
31
33
33
USING THE PRINTER
WITH DOS AND BASIC
Hard-copying the screen
Programming the printer with DOS commands
Programming the printer with BASIC
37
31
38
40
Chapter 5
MAINTENANCE
AND TROUBLESHOOTING
Cleaning the printer
Replacing the ribbon
Replacing the print head
Troubleshooting
47
47
47
47
50
Appendix A
TECHNICAL
53
Appendix B
PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
Font control commands
Character set commands
Character size and pitch commands
Vertical position commands
Horizontal position commands
Graphics commands
Download character commands
Macro instruction commands
Other printer control commands
Chapter 4
SPECIFICATIONS
59
59
63
66
70
76
80
82
85
86
Appendix C
DOWNLOAD CHARACTER
Draft character
NLQ character
Appendix D
CHARACTER
SETS
Standard character set
IBM character set #2
IBM character set #l
Additional character set
International character sets
INDEX
REFERENCE
GENERATOR
91
99
100
102
104
105
106
107
CARD
Inside the cover
SETTING UP THE PRllVTER
Subjects covered in Chapter 1 include l
Locating the printer
l
Unpacking and inspection (names of parts)
l
Setting up
l
Loading single sheets
l
Loading and parking fanfold forms
l
Test printing
l
Adjusting the printing gap
l
Setting the DIP switches
LOCATING
THE PRINTER
Give some thought to the best place to put the printer. Both the printer
and computer should be used in a normal indoor environment. For best
performance, we recommend:
l
Place the printer on a flat surface.
l
Keep it out of direct sunlight and away from heat-producing
appliances.
l
Use it only in temperatures
l
Avoid locations with dust, grease, or high humidity.
l
Supply it “clean” electricity. Don’t connect it to the same circuit as a large,
noise-producing appliance such as a refrigerator.
l
Make sure the line voltage is within 10% of the voltage specified on the
identification plate.
l
If you will be using fanfold forms, place the printer where the forms can
feed up to it from below, with at least a full page hanging free.
UNPACKING
where you are comfortable.
AND INSPECTION
Check the carton contents
Open the carton and check each item in the box against Figure l-l to
make sure that you have everything (there should be five items).
-
FIgwe 1-l. Check to make sure you have all five items: 1) Printer, 2) Paper guide, 3) Platen
knob, 4) Ribbon cartridge, and 5) User’s manual.
Make an external inspection of the printer.
following parts:
Bail lever:
2
Note the locations of the
opens and closes the paper bail which holds the paper
against the platen.
igure i-2. The printer’s external parts
Release lever:
Top cover:
Rear cover:
Entry slot:
Control panel:
Power switch:
Connector:
SETTING
releases the platen. This lever must be down for
printing on single sheets, and up for fanfold forms.
protects the print head and other parts.
protects the sprocket feed mechanism.
for inserting single sheets of paper.
controls various printer functions.
switches power on and off.
for connecting the computer to the printer.
UP
Mount the platen
knob
The platen knob is packed into a recess of the white foam packing
material which held your printer inside the packing box. Be careful to remove
the knob before disposing of the packing.
Mount the platen knob on its shaft on the right side of the printer. Turn
it until you can push it in all the way.
Power should always be off when you turn the platen knob. Turning
the platen by hand while power is on can damage the printer’s gears.
lgure I-3. Mounting the platen knob
Remove
the
top
cover
Lift the front edge of the printer’s clear plastic top cover. Then disengage
the tabs at the back of the cover and remove the cover completely.
lgure 1-4. Removing the top cover
4
install the ribbon cartridge
The top side of the ribbon cartridge has a handle for turning the ribbon.
Turn this handle in the direction of the arrow to tighten the ribbon.
Next place the ribbon cartridge on the print head carriage, guiding the
ribbon between the print head and the platen. Press down firmly on the
cartridge until it snaps into place.
lgure 1-5. Installing the ribbon cartridge
Replace
the top cover
Hold the cover upright and engage the tabs at the back.
the front edge down until the cover is closed.
Then swing
Leave the cover closed during normal operation. It keeps out dust and
dirt and reduces the printer’s operating sounds. Open the cover only to
change the ribbon or make an adjustment.
Connect
the printer
to the computer
Connect the printer end of the interface cable to the connector
on the right side of the printer as shown in Figure 1-6.
socket
Make sure the computer is turned OFF, then connect the other end
of the cable to your computer as described in the computer manual.
Figure 1-6. Connecting the interface cable
Connect
the printer’s
power cord.
Check that the printer’s power switch (located at the left front) is OFF.
Then plug the printer’s power cord into an AC wall outlet.
Never plug or unplug the power cord while the printer is turned on.
LOADING
SINGLE SHEETS
This section will take you through the procedures
sheets of paper.
If you are using the optional automatic
ASF instruction booklet.
for loading single
sheet feeder (ASF), read the
Mount the paper guide
The paper guide tits into the two holes on top of the rear cover. Mount
the guide and raise it to the upright position.
6
-
I
Figure l-7. Mounting the paper guide for single sheets
Semiautomatic loading
Single sheets can be loaded manually with power off, or semiautomatically with power on. We will start the easy way with semiautomatic
loading.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check that the release lever is down and the bail lever back (bail closed),
then switch power on. You will hear a short beep tone and the Power
indicator on the control panel will flash. These are the printer’s paper-out
signals.
Place a single sheet on the paper guide and insert it down into the entry
slot. You will feel a slight resistance as the paper engages the paper
detector lever. Work the paper past this resistance and insert it down
as far as it will go.
Move the bail lever forward. When the bail opens, the printer feeds
the paper automatically.
Move the bail lever back. The paper will feed slightly forward again,
ending in position to print with a top margin of about one inch.
lever
wgure 1-e. Loaatng a smgle meet
Manual
loading
It is also possible to load paper manually while the printer’s power is
off. The procedure is:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Check that printer power is off and the release lever at the back of the
printer is down.
Insert a single sheet of paper into the entry slot as far as it will go, the
same way as for semiautomatic loading.
Move the bail lever on top of the printer forward to open the paper
bail.
Turn the platen knob clockwise until the front edge of the paper comes
out from under the top cover.
If the paper is not straight, move the release lever to the up position,
straighten the paper by hand, then move the release lever back down.
Move the bail lever back to close the paper bail.
-
LOADING
AND PARKING
FANFOLD
FORMS
Fanfold forms have holes along the sides and perforations between the
sheets. They are also called sprocket forms, punched forms, or just plain
“computer paper”. This printer accepts forms up to 10” wide. Fanfold forms
are loaded, parked, and unparked as explained next.
1.
2.
3.
-,-
4.
5.
6.
Place a stack of fanfold paper behind and at least one page-length below
the printer.
Turn the printer’s power OFF.
Set the release lever to the up position. If there is paper in the printer,
remove it. (Since the platen is released, you can just pull the paper out.)
Move the bail lever forward to open the bail.
Remove the paper guide and put it aside for the moment.
Remove the rear cover. Grip it by its front edge and lift upwards and
backwards as in Figure 1-9.
Figure 1-9. Opening the rear cover
7.
8.
9.
Open the sprocket covers on the right and left sprocket units, as shown
in Figure l-10.
Flip the clamp levers down. This allows the two sprocket units to move
freely right and left so you can align them with the holes in the paper.
Insert the front edge of the paper over the paper detector lever and tuck
it in under the platen.
lever
Figure l-10. Opening the sprocket covers to expose the sprocket teeth
r
-.
Figure 7-11. Closing the sprocket covers
10. Fit the holes in the paper over the sprocket pins. Check that the paper
is even.
11. Close the sprocket covers (Figure l-l 1).
12. Raise one of the clamp levers to lock one sprocket unit in place.
10
13. Turn the platen knob to feed the paper forward until it comes out from
under the top cover.
14. Move the bail lever back to close the bail.
15. Check that the paper is feeding in flat, then raise the other clamp lever
to lock the other sprocket unit.
16. Replace the rear cover. Hold it tilted upward and insert the two tabs
at the bottom into their slots. Then rotate the cover forward, pressing
down on the thumb pads on the left and right to snap it into place.
17. Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position shown in Figure 1-12,
so that it will separate the printed from the unprinted paper.
Figure
7-12. Mounting the paper guide for fanfold forms
Now you are ready to switch power on and print.
Paper parking
After loading fanfold paper, you do not have to unload it when you
want to print on a single sheet. The printer will “park” it for you if you
follow the procedure below.
1.
2.
Paper parking starts with power ON, fanfold paper loaded in printing
position, the release lever up, and the bail lever back.
Press the On Line switch on the control panel to set the printer off-line
(On Line indicator off).
11
3.
Tear off the printed form at the last perforation, leaving not more than
about half a page showing above the top cover. If necessary, press the
Paper Feed switch to feed paper forward until a perforation is located
just above the top cover, and tear there.
4. Press the Print Pitch switch on the control panel and hold it down.
5. Still holding the Print Pitch switch down, press the Paper Feed switch.
The printer will automatically feed the fanfold form backward until the
paper is completely free of the platen.
6. Move the release lever to the down position.
7. Mount the paper guide in the upright position.
Now you can load single sheets either semiautomatically or manually,
as explained previously. The fanfold paper remains parked at the back of
the printer.
When you want to resume using fanfold paper, the procedure
follows.
is as
Paper unparking
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove all single sheets from the printer and close the paper bail.
Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position.
Move the release lever to the up position.
With power ON, move the bail lever forward. The printer will automatically feed the parked fanfold paper into position for printing.
Move the bail lever back to close the bail. Now you are ready to print.
TEST PRINTING
After loading paper, you can test the printer as described next.
Short self test
This procedure prints a six-line “barber-pole” test pattern.
are eight inches wide, so the paper should be at least that wide.
1.
2.
3.
The lines
Check that paper is in position for printing.
With power off, press the On Line switch on the control panel and hold
it down.
Still holding the On Line switch down, turn the printer’s power on.
The printer will automatically start printing its short test pattern. You
can release the On Line switch after printing starts. To remove the paper
at the end of the test, switch power OFF, then turn the platen knob. (Don’t
turn the platen knob while power is on.)
12
4 "**%t<‘
'"#*m‘
"#8%!<‘
t,
t+.
-.
~~-~~ePIBCDEFG"IJkLHNDPo~sTu"wxvzC\J
1
/012345*7s9:,
0*+.-.
/0125456783r
0 *+. -_ ,~:1,2,456789:.
i.
.-
=>?*PIBCDEFGHIJC.LHNOPORSTUVWXYZI\:
=-~~e~BCMFGC(IJC'LHNoPo~sTu"wx"z~,
I
-,?BPISCDEFGHIJKL~OPORSTUVWXYZC\I
?@~BCMFGHIJY.LHNOPDRSTUVWXYZ[\l
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Figure I-13.
~BCIBCDEfGHIJ~LHNOPO~STUVWXVZC\l
-.abcdeFqhl
,I
Imnopqr-st
Short test pattern
Long se/f test
To see the printer’s variety of type styles, you can run the long version
of the printer’s self test.
1.
2.
3.
Check that paper is in position for printing.
With power off, press the Paper Feed switch on the control panel and
hold it down.
Still holding the Paper Feed switch down, turn the printer’s power ON.
The printer will automatically start printing a test pattern of its full
character set in various type styles. Watch the lights on the control panel;
they indicate which type style is printing. The test pattern varies depending
on the setting of DIP switch 1-6 (ON - Standard mode, OFF - IBM mode),
but more about that later.
This test repeats indefinitely in a cycle of 30 or 70 lines. To stop the
test, switch power off.
interface
test
After confirming that the printer works by itself, it is time to test the
interface with the computer. The simplest way to do this is with a direct
command. Power up both the printer and computer, load paper, then try
a command like one of the following:
MS-DOS or PC-DOS command:
A>ECHO
THE
INTERFACE
WORKS>PRN
Microsoft BASIC command:
LPRINT
“THE
INTERFACE
WORKS”
Or you can try any other command understood by your computer to
print a line of text. Consult your computer manual if you need help. If you
repeat the command a few times, the printout will come into view.
Next you may want to try a test printout with word-processing software,
but for this to succeed you will have to set the printer’s DIP switches (see
the end of this chapter) and install your software to support the printer
correctly (see Chapter 3).
13
ADJUSTING
THE PRINTING
GAP
The distance between the print head and the platen can be adjusted to
accommodate different paper thicknesses. To make this adjustment, remove
the top cover. The adjustment lever is located near the left end of the paper
bail. Pulling the adjustment lever towards you widens the gap; pushing it
away from you narrows the gap.
There are four positions; you can feel the lever clicking into each position.
The first position (narrowest gap) is the one most commonly used for single
sheets of paper. Try different positions until you get the best printing results.
Adjustment
I
Figure l-14.
lever
Adjusting for different thicknesses of paper
DIP SWITCH SETTINGS
When you remove the printer’s cover and look inside, you will see on
the green board at the bottom of the printer two groups of small white
switches marked DSWl and DSW2. These are the printer’s DIP (Dual In-line
Package) switches. DSWl has eight switches, named l-l to l-8 from left
to right. DSW2 has four switches named 2-1 to 2-4.
For all switches, the ON position is towards the back of the printer and
the OFF position is towards the front. To set a DIP switch, use a ballpoint
pen or other small implement to move the switch to the ON or OFF position.
The printer’s power should be off when you set the DIP switches. Settings
made while power is on do not take effect until power is switched off, then
on again, because the printer reads the DIP switches only at power-up.
14
-
trgure
1-13.uw
swmcnes
Switch
1 l-l
1 Function
1
1 Paee length
1 11 inches 1 12 inches
1 1-6 1 Printer mode
Characm set (Std. Mode)
1-7
Character set (IBM Mode)
1-8 Auto LF
I 2-l I Usaee of RAM
ON
1
OFF
1
I
1Standard 1 IBM
I
Italics
Graphics
Set #2
Set #I
No
Yes
I Buffer
I Download I
International character set (See below)
The printer is delivered with all DIP switch set to the ON position. These
are the standard settings. By changing the settings, you can alter various
printer functions to match your requirements. The following questions will
help you make the right settings.
15
Switch l-l:
Is the page length of your paper 11 inches or 12 inches?
Leave this switch ON if you will be using 1l-inch forms. Move it to the
OFF position if you will be using 12-inch forms.
Switch 1-2:
Do you want an automatic carriage return?
Leave this switch ON. The printer will automatically perform a carriage
return by moving to the left margin at each line feed. Even if your software
sends a separate carriage-return code, an extra carriage return does no harm
because two consecutive carriage returns are the same as one. Very few
programs require this switch to be OFF.
Switch 1-3:
When you select the Orator type style on the control panel,
do you want lower-case letters to print as lower case (OFF)
or as small capitals (ON)?
Take your pick from the samples below. Note that lower-case Orator does
not have descenders for the letters g, j, p, q, and y.
ORATOR
Orator
PRINTS
Prints
THIS
WAY
WITH
this way with
SWITCH
switch
l-3 ON.
l-3 OFF.
Switch 1-4: Are you going to use the automatic sheet feeder (ASF)?
To use the automatic sheet feeder, move this switch to the OFF position.
Otherwise leave it ON.
Switch 1-5:
Do you want the printer to stop printing about an inch from
the end of the paper, or to keep printing to the bottom?
Leave this switch ON except when you need to print very close to the end
of the paper. When this switch is OFF the printer ignores the paper-out
detector and prints down to (and beyond) the bottom edge.
Switch 1-6:
Do you want to use the printer in standard mode or IBM
mode?
Select the mode compatible with your computer and software. In standard
mode the printer operates like the Epson LX-800. In IBM mode it operates
like the IBM Proprinter II. The ON position selects standard mode. The
OFF position selects IBM mode.
Switch 1-7:
The action of this switch depends on the mode chosen with
switch l-6.
If you selected standard mode, do you want italics or graphic charactes?
Leave this switch ON to print italics in the standard character set. If you
set this switch to the OFF position, in place of italics you will get the graphic
characters, international characters, and mathematical symbols of IBM
character set #2. See Appendix D, character codes 128 to 254.
If you selected IBM mode, do you want IBM character set #l or #2?
16
-
ON selects character set #2, which is for computers with an 8-bit interface
(the most common kind). OFF selects character set #I, for computers with
a 7-bit interface.
Switch l-8:
Do you want an automatic line feed?
If you leave this switch at the ON position, a separate line-feed code is required to obtain a line feed.
If you move this switch to the OFF position, the printer performs both a
carriage return and line feed each time it receives a carriage-return code.
Most computer systems send a line feed code, or both a carriage return and
line feed, at the end of each line, so this switch should be left ON.
If you get double line spacing when you expect single spacing, or if lines
overprint each other, try changing the setting of this switch.
Does your software download new characters to the printer?
Switch 2-1:
To download characters this switch must be OFF. The printer then uses
its RAM memory for storing character patterns and provides only a one-line
print buffer. If you leave this switch ON the printer uses its RAM memory
as an input buffer, allowing the computer to send data faster than the printer
prints.
Switches 2-2 to 2-4:
Do you want an international character set?
International character sets differ in their assignment of 14 character codes.
See the character tables at the back of this manual. With the DIP switches
you can select one of eight character sets as follows:
*
Denmark/Norway
when switch 1-6 is OFF and switch 1-7 is ON.
MEMO
18
CONTROL PANEL OPERATlONS
This chapter explains how to use the control panel to:
l
Pause printing
l
Feed paper (fast and slow, forward and reverse)
l
Select the print pitch
0 Select a type style
0 Print test patterns
l
Prevent software from changing the panel pitch and style selections
l
Print a hexadecimal dump
l
Park fanfold forms
l
Set the top-of-form
l
Set the left and right margins
l
Clear the printer’s buffer
SWITCHES
position
AND INDICATORS
The control panel has four switches marked:
0
l
l
l
On Line
Paper Feed
Print Pitch
NLQ Type Style
The On Line, Print Pitch, and NLQ Type Style switches respond with
a beep tone when pressed, and indicators beside them indicate their current
status. There is also a Power indicator that lights when power is on.
The control panel switches can be pressed singly to perform the operations indicated by their names. Other functions can be obtained by holding
these switches down when you turn the printer’s power on. Still further
functions can be executed by pressing the control panel switches in combination. This chapter explains all the switch and indicator functions.
Power indicator
The power indicator lights (yellow) when power is on.
When paper is not present, the power indicator flashes. A beep tone
also alerts you to the need to load paper.
On Line switch
The On Line switch sets the printer on-line and off-line. The state changes
each time you press the switch.
In the on-line state the printer receives data from the computer and
prints the data. In the off-line state the printer stops printing and sends the
computer a signal indicating that it cannot accept data.
The printer powers up in the on-line state if paper is present. If paper
is not present, the printer powers up off-line with the Power indicator
flashing. When you load paper the Power indicator stops flashing, but the
printer remains off-line. To start printing you must press the On Line switch
go on-line.
The two main times when you will want to press the On Line switch
are:
l
Before and after any other panel operation
The other panel switches operate only in the off-line state. First press
the On Line switch to go off-line, then perform the panel operation, then
press the On Line switch again to go back on-line.
l
To pause during printing
If you press the On Line switch during printing, the printer stops printing
and goes off-line, allowing you to check the printout or change a control
panel setting. Printing resumes when you press the On Line switch again
to go back on-line.
Paper feed
switch
This switch operates only when the printer is off-line. If you press it
once the paper feeds forward by one line. If you hold this switch down, the
printer performs consecutive line feeds.
While you are feeding lines, if you also press the On Line switch, the
paper will feed to the top of the next page. This is explained later.
When power is on, always use the Paper Feed switch instead of the platen
knob to feed paper. Turn the platen knob only when power is off.
Print
Pitch
switch
This switch operates off-line to select the print pitch: the spacing between
characters. The indicators to the left light (green) to indicate the selected
pitch.
The printer powers up in pica pitch. To change to another pitch, press
the On Line switch to go off-line, then press the Print Pitch switch repeatedly
until the indicators show the pitch you want.
In Standard mode (when DIP switch 1-6 is ON), the pitch selections
cycle as follows:
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Proportional pica
Proportional elite
This
is
elite
(10
(12
(17
(20
characters
characters
characters
characters
per
per
per
per
(12 characters
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
per
inch)
This is condensedpica (17 characters per inch).
This is condensed
elite (20charactersper inch).
This is proportional
pica.
This is proportional
elite.
Figure 2-2. Print pitches selectable
from the control panel
Samples of these pitches are shown in Figure 2-2. Note that with
proportional pitch different letters occupy different widths. (For example,
“i” and “1” are narrower than other letters.) Proportional pitch is attractive
and space-efficient, though not always convenient when column alignment
is required.
Note that you cannot select condensed proportional pitch on the control
panel. You can make this selection by the printer commands < SI > < ESC >
“p” 1 - see Appendix B.
21
In IBM mode (when DIP switch l-6 is OFF), the pitch selections cycle
as follows:
(10 characters per inch)
Pica
(12 characters per inch)
Elite
Condensed pica
(17 characters per inchj
Proportional pica
Proportional elite
There is no condensed elite pitch in the IBM mode.
NLQ Type
Style
switch
This switch selects the type style. Draft style is always selected at
power-up. To change to one of the NLQ (near letter quality) styles, set the
printer off-line, then press the NLQ Type Style switch repeatedly until the
indicators beside the desired selection light. The selections cycle in the following order:
Draft (all indicators off)
Courier (NLQ)
Courier italic (NLQ)
Sanserif (NLQ)
Sanserif italic (NLQ)
Orator (NLQ)
Orator italic (NLQ)
Samples are shown in Figure 2-3.
T’p, _j.i:::. j_ii:.. ;;,Iy.<,.+.k
,,_ i::iLi 3
This
is
This
is Courier
This
is
Sanserif.
This
is
Sanserif
THIS
IS
ORATOR
near-letter-quality
italic.
WITH
THIS
IS
ORATOR
ITALIC
is
Orator
with
This
is
Orator
23.
Type
styles
selectable
Courier.
italic.
This
Figure
22
I. :i.-t:.‘y ,,
SMALL
WITH
lower
italic
from
the
control
with
panel
CAPITALS.
SMALL
CAPITALS.
case.
rower
case.
The Orator style is unique in two ways. First, it is a dot larger (higher)
than the other styles. This makes it a good choice for labels and other text
requiring high visibility. A little extra line spacing helps when Orator is used.
Second, there are two versions of the Orator type style: one prints small
capitals in place of lower-case letters; the other prints lower-case letters,
but without descenders. The version you get when you select Orator from
the control panel depends on the DIP switches. If DIP switch l-3 is OFF,
lower-case Orator will print as lower case. Otherwise it will print as small
capitals.
The other type styles do not have a small-capitals option. Lower case
always prints as lower case.
The type style can also be selected by printer commands given in Appendix B. Printer commands enable you to select both Orator styles, and
also draft italic, which cannot be selected from the control panel.
POWER-UP
FUNCTIONS
In addition to their normal functions, all the control panel switches have
special functions that operate if you hold them down while switching power
on.
I
COURIER
0
SANSERIF
0
ORATOR
0
/pYGF
n
. NLQ
TYPE
STYLE
0
ON LINE
7 /
I
Stay m panel style
Long test
Hexadecimal
Figure
-POWER
2-4. Power-up
functions
dump
Short test
-I
of control panel
Shorttestpattern:
On Line switch
If held down during power-up, this switch prints a short test pattern
(shown in Chapter 1).
Long
test pattern:
Paper
If held down during
The test cycles endlessly.
Stay
in pane/
pitch:
Feed switch
power-up,
this switch prints a long test pattern.
To stop the test you must switch power off.
Print Pitch switch
By holding this switch down during power-up, you can prevent software
interference
with the print pitch selected from the control panel. You will
hear an acknowledging
beep as power comes on. After the beep tone, you
can set the printer off-line, select a print pitch, then return to on-line and
start printing. The pitch you selected will not be reset or otherwise changed
by any commands
your software may issue.
Stay
in panel
style:
NLQ
Type Style switch
If held down during power-up, this switch prevents software interference
with the type style selected from the control panel. There will be an acknowledging
beep, after which you can set the printer off-line, select a type
style, then return to the on-line state and start printing. The selected type
style will not be changed by any commands
sent by software.
If you want to protect both the Print Pitch and NLQ Type Style settings
from software changes, press both switches during power-up.
There will
be two acknowledging
beeps.
Pressing these switches during power-up
does not prevent
making any number of changes later from the control panel.
Hexadecimal
dump:
Paper
Feed and Print
you from
Pitch switches
This feature is useful for programmers
who are debugging
printing
programs and want to see the actual codes the printer is receiving. (Some
computers change the codes the programmer
intended.)
1.
2.
3.
24
Holding both the Paper Feed and Print Pitch switches down, turn power
ON. A beep tone will be heard.
Start printing. In place of the usual printout you will get a formatted
dump showing exactly what data the printer receives. Each line presents
sixteen characters,
their hexadecimal
codes to the left and printable
characters
printed on the right.
At the end of the hexadecimal
dump, set the printer off-line with the
On Line switch. This is necessary to print the last line.
--
The following BASIC program is a simple test you can run in hexadecimal mode:
10
FOR
20
30
40
50
LPRINT CHR$(I);
NEXT I
LPRINT
END
I-O
TO
255
If your system passes the codes directly to the printer without changing
them, you will get a printout like Figure 2-5.
Cm
10
20
30
40
JO
50
70
80
90
01
11
21
31
41
51
61
71
81
91
02
12
22
32
42
52
62
72
82
92
03 04
11: 14
23 24
33 34
43 44
53 54
63 64
73 74
83 84
93 94
05
15
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95
A0
BO
co
DO
EO
FO
OD
Al
El
Cl
Dl
El
Fl
OA
A2
B2
c2
D2
E2
F2
A3
83
c3
D3
E3
F3
A5 k6
B5 Bb
c'j Cb
D5 Db
ES E6
F5 F6
-.
trgure
A4
R4
c4
D4
E4
F4
06
16
76
36
46
56
66
76
86
96
07
17
27
7.7
47
57
67
77
87
97
08
18
28
38
48
58
59
79
88
98
09
19
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99
cm OR
1A 1B
2A ZB
3A 3H
40 4B
5A 58
6A 68
7A 7B
8A 88
9cI 9B
cc
1C
2C
3C
4C
5C
6C
7C
BC
9C
A7
87
c7
D7
E7
F7
A8
88
C8
D8
E8
F8
A9
B9
C9
D9
E9
F9
ACI Al3 AC
BA BB BC
CA CB CC
DA DB DC
EA EB EC
FA FE FC
CID
1D
2D
3D
4D
5D
6D
7D
SD
9D
OE
iE
2E
3E
4E
5E
6E
7E
8E
9E
OF
1F
2F
3F
4F
SF
6F
7F
SF
9F
*-*.*---------*
... . .. ... ... .. ..
!"#Six&‘ () t+, -. /
0123456789:;<=>?
@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNO
PQRSTUVWXYZC\l"'abcdefghijklmno
pqrstuvwxyzc:3-".
. . . . . . . ...*.....
. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .
&D
ED
CD
DD
ED
FD
AE
BE
CE
DE
EE
FE
&F
BF
CF
DF
EF
FF
'-'*'-"--'----. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
... ... ...... ... .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
.. . .. ... ... ... ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
..
-me
. .
.
. .
z-5.sample nexaaeclmat
aump
Most BASICS, however, are not quite that straightforward.
the IBM-PC prints the following.
00
OF
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
A0
BO
CO
DO
EO
FO
QD
01
10
21
31
41
51
61
71
81
91
Al
81
Cl
Dl
El
Fl
OA
02
11
22
32
42
52
62
72
82
92
A2
B2
C2
D2
E2
F2
03 04
12 13
23 24
33 34
43 44
5'5 54
63 64
73 74
83 84
93 94
A3 64
B3 84
C3 C4
D3 D4
E3 E4
F3 F4
Figure 2-S. Sample
05
14
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95
A5
B5
C5
DS
ES
F5
06
15
26
36
46
56
65
76
86
96
A6
B6
C6
D6
E6
F6
07
lb
27
37
47
57
67
77
87
97
A7
B7
C7
D7
E7
F7
hexadecimal
08
17
28
38
48
58
68
78
88
98
A8
B8
C8
D8
ES
F8
09
18
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99
A9
B9
C9
D9
E9
F9
OA OB
19 18
2A 2B
3A 38
4FI 4B
5A SH
6FI 6B
7A 78
80 8B
9A 98
AFI AB
BPI BB
CA CB
DA DB
EA EB
FA FB
OC
1C
2C
3C
4C
SC
6C
7C
SC
9C
AC
BC
CC
DC
EC
FC
OD
1D
2D
JD
4D
SD
6D
7D
SD
9D
AD
BD
CD
DD
ED
FD
OP
1E
2E
3E
4E
SE
6E
7E
SE
9E
4E
BE
CE
DE
EE
FE
OE
1F
2F
3F
4F
5F
6F
7F
SF
9F
CIF
BF
CF
DF
EF
FF
For example,
.. ... .. ... .. .. ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
!"Y*%L'ot+,-./
0123456789:;<=>?
eABCDEFGHIJKLMN0
PLlRSTUVWXYZC\l"'abcdefghijklmna
pqrstuvwxyzCI>'.
. . .. ... ... ... ...
.. . ... ... .. ... ..
... . .. ... ... ... .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
... .. . ... ... ... .
. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .
... .. . .. ... ... ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
..
dump with IBM-PC
25
Notice that the printer receives decimal code 13 (hex OD) together with
hex OA, which is really decimal 10. In addition, the printer does not receive
decimal code 26 (hex 1A). To avoid this problem, change line 20, and add
lines 100 to 120 as shown in either of the following lists.
20 GOSUB
100
100
O=INP(&H379)
110
OUT M378.1
120
RETURN
:IF
0<128
THEN
:OUT
&H37A,5
100
:OUT
&H37A,4
20 GOSUB
100
100
O=INP(&H3BD)
110
OUT &H3BC,I
120
RETURN
:IF
0<128
THEN
:OUT
&H3BE,5
100
:OUT
&H3BE,4
SWITCH
panel
COMBINATION
FUNCTIONS
Several additional
functions
switches in combinations.
can be obtained
Reverse
Top
of form
by pressing
micro-feed
the control
I
Before parking fanfold forms, tear off all but the last page, leaving less
(at least three inches less) than a full page showing above the top cover.
1.
2.
3.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Press the Print Pitch switch and hold it down.
Press the Paper Feed switch. The paper will be fed out backward.
Page feed: Paper Feed and On Line switches
If you are using single sheets, this operation ejects the current page. If
you are using fanfold forms, it feeds to the top of the next page.
.
1. Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the Paper Feed switch and hold it down. The printer will start
performing successive line feeds.
3. Still holding the Paper Feed switch down, press the On Line switch, then
release both switches. The printer will smoothly eject t.he current page.
Top Of for!??: NLQ Type Style and On Line switches
When you turn on printer power, the top-of-form position is automatically set to the current position. If this is not where you want the top
of the page to be, you can change the top-of-form position as follows.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Move the paper to the desired top-of-form position by pressing the Paper
Feed switch, or by performing a forward or reverse micro-feed.
Press the NLQ Type Style switch and hold it down.
Press the On Line switch. The printer will beep to indicate that the
top-of-form position has been set.
Forward
micro-feed:
On Line and Paper Feed switches
For fine alignment, you can feed the paper forward in very small increments as follows:
1. Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the On Line switch again and hold it down.
3. Press the Paper Feed switch. The paper will start advancing in a series
of small steps. When you want to stop, release both switches.
Reverse
micro-fee&
On Line and Print Pitch switches
You can also feed the paper in small increments in reverse, to return
to a higher position on the same page.
Note: With fanfold forms, do not try to return to a previous page. The
perforation may catch inside the printer.
27
I
1
1
j
I
z
I
t
t
!
I
j
P
/
1
1.
2.
3.
Press the On Line switch to set the minter
Press the On Line switch again andhold
it
Press the Print Pitch switch. The paper will
a series of small steps. When you want to
margin:
Left
NLQ
Type Style and Print
off-line.
down.
start moving backwards in
stop, release both switches.
Pitch switches
Software almost always provides commands for controlling
so you will not usually have to set them from the control
necessary, however, you can set the left margin as follows.
1.
2.
3.
the margins,
panel. When
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Press the NLQ Type Style switch and hold it down.
Press the Print Pitch switch. The print head will make a short excursion
from the left end, then start advancing
from left to right in a series of
steps, each equal to one pica character
width (l/10”). When the print
head reaches the desired left margin position,
release both switches.
The printer will beep to indicate that the margin has been set.
Right
margin:
NLQ
Type Style and Paper
Feed switches
You can also set the right margin.
1.
2.
3.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Press the NLQ Type Style switch and hold it down.
Press the Paper Feed switch. The print head will travel to the right end
of the carriage, then start advancing from right to left in a series of 1/lo”
steps. When it reaches the desired right margin position, release both
switches. The printer will beep to indicate that the margin has been set.
C/earing
the
buffer:
Print Pitch,
On Line and Paper
Feed switches
When DIP switch 2-1 is ON, the printer stores received data in a large
memory buffer. This creates a problem when you want to abandon a printing
job and restart: the printer may be holding much more data in its buffer
than it has actually printed, and this unprinted
data must be cleared out
before restarting.
Turning power off is one way to clear the buffer, but there
is another way:
1.
2.
3.
4.
28
Halt the printing program
on the computer.
If printing stops immediately, the buffer is clear and the rest of this procedure is unnecessary.
If printing does not stop, continue as follows:
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Printing will now
stop, but there may be data remaining in the buffer.
Press the Print Pitch switch and hold it down.
Press the On Line switch and hold it down.
5.
6.
Press the Paper Feed switch and hold it down. Continue holding all
three switches down. In about three seconds you will hear a beep tone
signaling that the buffer has been cleared.
Release all three switches, make any necessary control panel settings,
then set the printer back on-line.
It is essential to halt the printing program on the computer before you
go off-line. Otherwise, when you go back on-line the computer will start
sending data again and the printer will continue printing, with missing data
where the buffer was cleared.
29
MEMO
-.
--
Chapter 3
..
There is an abundance of commercial software available: spreadsheet
programs, word-processing programs, graphics programs, and more. This
printer will work with any program that supports a Star, Epson or IBM
dot-matrix printer. Before using the printer with commercial software,
however, there are two things you must do:
USING THE PRINTER
WITH COMMERCIAL SOFTWARE
l
Install the software so that it supports the printer
l
Set the printer’s DIP switches to match the software
INSTALLING
YOUR SOFTWARE
Most commercial software includes an installation program or routine
that you can run to customize the software to fit your hardware system.
Start by reading the explanation of the installation program in your software
manual.
Printer menu
The installation program usually offers a menu of printers from which
to choose. If you find this printer on the menu, select it.
If this printer is not listed, look for the Epson LX-800 or IBM Proprinter
II. If these are not listed, look for another Star, Epson or IBM printer. A
few of the choices you may see are given below in order of preference:
Star
...
_..
NL-10
NP-10
NX-10/15
ND-lo/15
NR-lo/15
Epson LX-800
FX-86e
EX-800
LX-86
LX-80
IBM Proprinter II
Proprinter
Graphics Printer
Some menus are less explicit about model names but offer general descriptions such as “Star printer”, “Epson printer”, “IBM dot-matrix printer”,
“dot-matrix ASCII printer”, “Centronics-type printer”, “Draft printer”,
or “Standard printer”. Any of these selections should work. If you are not
sure of the right selection, it does not hurt to experiment. If you choose
wrong, you will get strange printing results, but don’t worry; just try a
different selection. Don’t pick any printer described as a daisywheel printer
or laser printer.
L..
31
A few installation programs may ask you not to select a printer but to
describe what your printer can do. The answers to the most often asked
questions are: Yes, this printer can do a backspace; and Yes, it can do a
hardware form feed.
Selecting (or describing) a printer is the main step in the installation
process and frequently the only step necessary. If you selected this printer
or any Star, Epson or IBM printer you should be able to use software
commands for all the standard printer functions, including bold or double-strike printing, underlining, subscripts, superscripts, margin control,
line-spacing control, and graphics.
Printer command options
Besides the standard printer functions, however, your printer has some
capabilities your software may not be aware of, including double- and
quadruple-size printing and the printing of special characters assigned to
control codes. Some software enables you to define these capabilities as user
options in the installation process. Read your software manual to find out
whether you can do this and if so, how.
The most useful thing you can do is to define a way to enter the escape
code < ESC > , which is the control character with decimal character code
27 (hexadecimal 1B). This code usually cannot be keyed in directly (pressing
the ESC key will not work). As an installation option, however, you may
be able to assign it to a function key or a special key combination. Doing
so will put the full power of the printer at your disposal.
Type styles
Some word-processing software has commands that enable you to
change type styles in the middle of a document without a printing pause.
To use these commands you must generally define the printer’s type styles
(font,? during installation, by assigning them numbers for example. Read
your so&are manual for details, and refer to Appendix B for the relevant
printer commands.
Page width
Spreadsheet programs in particular may ask you to specify the printer’s
column width. The column width of this printer depends on the character
pitch used:
80 columns
Pica
96 columns
Elite
137 columns
Condensed pica
160 columns (Standard mode only)
Condensed elite
32
The character pitch can be selected from the control panel before you
start printing, or possibly by an initialization sequence as described next.
Initialization
sequence
One of the installation options may be to specify the commands your
software sends at the beginning of each printing job. These commands are
called the “initialization sequence” or “setup string.” If necessary, you can
use the initialization sequence to adjust the margins to your paper size or
select a particular type style or pitch. You can look up the commands you
want in Appendix B.
For example, if you selected 96-column width for a spreadsheet program,
it would be convenient to add an elite pitch command to the initialization
sequence. Appendix B indicates that this command consists of the two
characters:
< ESC > “M”
which have decimal character codes 27 and 77 (hexadecimal 1B and 4D).
Your software manual or an on-screen prompt will explain how to place
these codes in the initialization sequence.
SETTING
THE DIP SWITCHES
After completing the installation of your software, check the setting
of the printer’s DIP switches, in particular DIP switch l-6. If you selected
a Star or Epson printer on the installation menu, switch l-6 should be ON
(the factory setting). If you selected an IBM printer, switch l-6 should be
OFF.
DIP switches l-2 (auto CR), l-7 (character set), 1-8 (auto LF), and 2-l
(RAM usage) are also related to your software. Read what your software
manual has to say about carriage returns, line feeds, character sets, and
downloading characters, and refer to the explanation at the end of Chapter
1.
USING YOUR SOFTWARE
With the installation and DIP switch settings correctly completed, you
are ready to entrust most of the control of your printer to your software.
However, there will still be some things you have to do yourself.
Page alignment
If you are printing on fanfold forms, the first thing to do before you
start printing is to align the top of the forms so that printing will start at
the right position on the page, a short distance below the perforation. With
power off, you can align the forms by turning the platen knob. When power
is on, use the Paper Feed switch on the control panel.
Type style and pitch selection
If your software does not control the type style and pitch, you must
make these selections on the control panel. The default selections are draft
style and pica pitch. If you want a different style or pitch, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Hold the NLQ Type Style or Print Pitch switch down when you turn
the printer’s power on. Hold both switches down if you intend to make
both settings. The printer will beep in acknowledgement as it powers
up.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
To select a type style, press the NLQ Type Style switch one or more
times.
To select a print pitch, press the Print Pitch switch one or more times.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer back on-line.
Most programs begin each printing job by sending a command that resets
the printer. That is why you must press the NLQ Type Style and/or Print
Pitch switches as you power up. If you do not press these switches during
power-up, the reset command will reset your panel selections to draft style
and pica pitch.
If you want to change the type style or pitch in the middle of a printing
job, one way to do this is to insert a printing pause command in your file
at the point of the change. When the printer pauses, press the On Line switch
to go off-line. If the change occurs in the middle of a line, the printer will
print the first part of the line. Now make the change with the control panel
switches, set the printer back on-line, then command your software to resume
printing.
If you were able to define software commands for print pitch and type
style, changes like these can be inserted in your text file and made on the
fly without a printing pause.
Other printer commands
If your software enables you to place the escape code in your files, or
if you were able to define this as a user option during installation, you are
in a very powerful position: you can embed almost any printer command
in your files. The printer commands are explained in detail in Appendix
B.
34
-
Most printer commands consist of the escape code followed by one or
more letters or numbers. Some examples are:
< ESC > W 1
< ESC > WO
<ESC>4
<ESC>5
Double-width characters
Normal width
Italic
Upright
Two lines with these commands embedded are shown below, together
with the printed result.
File:
COMMANDS<ESC
>WO
you to use <ESC>4italic<ESC>S
< ESC >WlPRINTER
can help
print.
Printout:
PRINTER
can
help
COIYIMANDS
you
to
use
italic
print.
You will probably not see the symbol <ESC > on the screen, but a
different symbol such as h E or * [, or perhaps no symbol at all. This depends
on your software.
After printing the first page of a long job, you may want to pause to
check that the printing is correctly formatted. Press the On Line switch,
setting the printer off-line. Printing will stop immediately. To resume
printing, press the On Line switch again.
If you need to abandon a printing job before it is finished, your software
should provide a command for this purpose. Another simple expedient is
to switch the printer’s power off.
MEMO
Chapter
4
USING THE PRINTER
WITH DOS AND BASIC
Although you will probably do most of your printing with the aid of
commercial software, at times you will want to employ direct commands
or programs of your own. This chapter will give you some ideas. Three
subjects are covered:
l
Hard-copying
the screen
l
Programming
the printer with DOS commands
l
Programming
the printer with BASIC
HARD-COPYING
THE SCREEN (MS-DOS
AND PC-DOS)
If your computer has a PRTSC (or PrtSc) key, there is an easy way to
get hard copy of the screen. Press the SHIFT and PRTSC keys. The printer
will print the current screen contents. The PRTSC key works both at the
system command level and while you are running application software.
Normally the PRTSC key prints only text data, but if your DOS system
includes a tile named GRAPHICS.COM, you can hard-copy graphics displays by first typing the command:
A >GRAPHICS
You will find that graphics printing takes considerably more time than
text printing. See your DOS manual for further information on the
GRAPHICS command.
I.
At the DOS command level, there is also a simple way to have the printer
print hard copy continuously, instead of one screen at a time. Press the CTRL
key, hold it down, then also press the PRTSC key. If your computer does
not have a PRTSC key, press the CTRL and P keys. Nothing visible will
happen, but you have just switched on the print-screen function. After this,
the printer will hard-copy all text displayed. For example, try typing the
directory command:
L
A>DIR
You will obtain a printed directory.
37
To switch printer output off, press CTRL-PRTSC or CTRL-P again.
Each time you press this key combination, hard copy toggles from on to
off or from off to on.
PROGRAMMING
THE PRINTER
WITH DOS COMMANDS
If your system includes the file PRINT.COM you can use the main
DOS printing command. Simply type the word PRINT followed by the name
of the file you want to print. To print a file named README.DOC, for
example, type:
A >PRINT
README. DOC
The computer may respond with the following message, asking which
printer to use:
Name
of
list
device
[PRNI:
If your computer is connected to only one printer, press RETURN to
select the default choice (PRN). Printing will begin and the A> prompt
will reappear. You can execute other commands or programs while the file
is being printed.
A single PRINT command can print two or more tiles. List the file names
consecutively on the same line, or use wild-card characters (* and ?). Each
file will be printed starting on a new page. The PRINT command also has
control options. For example, you can terminate a printing job in progress
with the /T option. (The printer may not stop printing immediately; it may
have considerable data stored ahead in its buffer.) For the /T option, type:
A>PRINT/T
See your DOS manual for further information about the PRINT
command. If your system does not include PRINT.COM, you can print tiles
by using the PRN device name in COPY or TYPE commands such as the
following:
A >COPY
README. DOC PRN
A >TYPE README. DOC > PRN
COPY and TYPE do not permit you to execute other commands while
the file is printing.
If you want a particular type style, print pitch, or right or left margin,
you can make these settings from the control panel before you start printing.
See Chapter 2.
If you print from the DOS command level very often, it will be advantageous to create a printer setup file. Then instead of setting margins
etc. manually each time, you can complete the setup with a single command
from your computer. For example, you can create a file containing printer
commands to set the right and left margins, select near letter quality, and
select elite pitch. You can find the commands in Appendix B. We suggest
the following:
l
l
l
Near letter quality
Elite pitch
Left and right margins
< ESC > “x”
< ESC > “!”
< ESC > yp
“1”
cl>
< 12 >
~92 >
< ESC > “!” < 1 > is a powerful command that, in addition to selecting
elite pitch, cancels unwanted features such as underlining which might be
left from previous commands. The angle brackets around the < 1 > indicate
character code 1. which is a control code, not the printable digit “1”.
L-
L
< ESC > “X” < 12 > < 92 > sets the left margin in column 12 and the
right margin in column 92. This will give a 6.7-inch, 80-column printed line
with a one-inch left margin. (Elite has 12 characters per inch). < 12 > is a
control code; < 92 > is the character “\“, as you can verify in Appendix
D.
You may want to place additional commands in this file, such as line
spacing and bottom margin commands. Or you may want to create a variety
of setup files with a different set of commands in each.
L
To avoid excess line feeds, you should place the commands on one line
in the setup file. You may or may not be able to generate a setup file with
word-processing software; it depends on whether your software lets you enter
control codes. If your system includes the file EDLIN.COM, however, you
can easily create a setup file with the DOS line editor.
An appropriate name for this setup file would be NLQELITE.DAT.
To use the DOS line editor, type the command EDLIN NLQELITE.DAT,
then type the underlined parts of the following display. Press RETURN
at the end of each line. Don’t type the symbol “h”. This symbol means to
hold the CTRL key down while pressing the next key: for example, *V
means to type CTRL-V. ^C means to type CTRL-C, which indicates the
end of the input.
A>EDLIN NLQELITE.DAT
New
file
*1
1:*-V[xl^V i!^VA-V[X^VL\
2:*-c -
"E
“V indicates that the following character is a control code. “V[ enters
the <ESC > code. < ESC> has character code 27, and “[” is the 27th
character in ASCII sequence from A. Similarly, “VA enters the control
code < 1 > and “VL enters the control code < 12 > . See your DOS manual
if you need further information about EDLIN.
You can now set up the printer by sending it the file NLQELITE.DAT.
To avoid unnecessary logging of commands, switch hard-copy output off
(by pressing CTRL-PRTSC
if hard copy is on). To print the file
README.DOC in NLQ elite type, give the following two commands:
A>COPY NLQELITE.DAT
A>PRINT
README. DOC
PRN
For greater convenience you can make a batch tile that will set up the
printer and print any specified file with a single command. To create such
a batch file with the name NLQPRINT.BAT, type in the first four lines shown
next. ‘Z means to press the CTRL and Z keys simultaneously. To use this
file to print README.DOC, type the fifth line.
A>COPY CON NLQPRINT.BAT
COPY NLQELITE.DAT PRN
PRINT %l
-2
A>NLQPRINT README.DOC
The first above line is a copy command from the CONsole screen to
a tile named NLQPRINT.BAT.
The next two lines are the contents of this
file. The %l is a dummy parameter: whatever tile name you type after
NLQPRINT will be substituted for %l and printed.
PROGRAMMING
THE PRINTER
WITH BASIC
As an example of programming the printer in Microsoft BASIC, we
have listed the program for the IBM-PC that printed the sample of features
shown at the beginning of this manual. This program runs in the printer’s
Standard mode (DIP switch l-6 ON).
40
1000 ' Set control codes
'Escape code
1010 E$=CHR$(27)
'Draft quality
1020 D$-E$+"xO"
'Near letter quality
1030 N$=E$+"xl"
'Courier characters
1040 C$-E$+"kO"tN$
'Sanserif characters
1050 S$-E$+"kl"+N$
'Orator with small capital
1060 Ol$-E$+"kl"+N$
'Orator with lower case
1070 02$-E$t"k3"+N$
'Horizontal tab
1080 H$=CHR$(9)
'Pica pitch
1090 P$-E$+"P"
1100 ( Start printing
1110 WIDTH "LPT1:",255
1120 LPRINT E$;"D";CHR$(3);CHR$(13);CHR$(O) 'Set HT
1130 LPRINT C$;"Type styles are:"
1140 LPRINT H$;D$;"Draft characters, U
1150 LPRINT H$;C$;"Courier characters."
1160 LPRINT H$;S$;"Sanserif characters,"
1170 LPRINT H$;Ol$; "Orator with small capitals, or U
with lower case characters,"
1180 LPRINT H$;02$;"
'Select italics
1190 LPRINT E$;"4";
1200 LPRINT H$;02$;"and ";Ol$;"italics ";S$;"for I';
1210 LPRINT C$;"all ";D$;"styles."
'Cancel italics
1220 LPRINT E$;"5"
1230 LPRINT C$;"Print pitches are:"
1240 LPRINT H$;P$;"Pica pitch,"
1250 LPRINT H$;E$;"M";"Elite pitch,"
1260 LPRINT H$;CHR$(15); 'Condensed pitch
1270 LPRINT P$;"Condensed pica pitch,"
1280 LPRINT H$;E$;"M"; "Condensed elite pitch,";
'Pica pitch
1290 LPRINT P$;
'Cancel condensed print
1300 LPRINT CHR$(18)
'Select proportional spacing
1310 LPRINT H$;E$;"pl";
1320 LPRINT "proportional spacing for all pitches,"
'Cancel proportional spacing
1330 LPRINT E$;"pO"
1340 LPRINT H$;E$;"Wl";"Expanded, ";E$;"WO";
1350 LPRINT E$;"wl";"Double-height, ";E$;"wO"
1360 LPRINT H$;E$;"h";CHR$(l);"Double-sized,"
1370 LPRINT H$;E$;"h";CHR$(2);"Quad-sized.";
1380 LPRINT E$;"h";CHR$(O)
1390 LPRINT :LPRINT
1400 LPRINT E$;"Q";CHR$(47) 'Set right margin
1410 LPRINT C$;"Various line and character spacings:"
'Center text
1420 LPRINT E$;"al"
1430 FOR I-l TO 10
1440 LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I); 'Set line spacing
1450 LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
1460 LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
1470 NEXT I
1480 FOR I-10 TO 1 STEP -1
41
1490
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
2000
2010
2020
42
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I);
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
LPRINT E$;"aO"
'Left justify
LPRINT E$;"3";CHR$(36);
'Set l/6" line spacing
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(O);
'Normal character space
LPRINT :LPRINT
LPRINT C$;"Other features:"
LPRINT H$;E$;"E";"Emphasized";E$;"F";",
'I;
LPRINT E$;"G";"Double-strike";E$;"H";","
LPRINT H$;E$;"-l";"Underlining";E$;"-O";",
'I;
LPRINT E$;"~l";"Overlining":E$;"~O";","
LPRINT H$;E$;"SO";"SUPERSCRIPT";E$;"T";",
I';
LPRINT E$;"S1";"SUBSCRIPT";E$;"T";","
GOSUB 2020
LPRINT H$;C$;"Download
characters: ";
LPRINT D$:E$;"%l";
'Select download character
FOR I-l TO 5
'Print download character
LPRINT CHR$(601;
NEXT I
LPRINT E$;"%O";
'Select normal character
GOSUB 2120
'Select download character
LPRINT C$;E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
'Print download character
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O"
LPRINT H$;C$;"Dot graphics:"
DIM LOG0$(4)
RESTORE 2630
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
FOR COL=l'TO 100
READ DG
LOGO$(ROW)=LOGO$(ROW)+CHR$(DG)
NEXT COL
NEXT ROW
'Set 8/72" line spacing
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(8);
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
LPRINT H$;H$;
'Select normal density
LPRINT E$;"*";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(lOO);CHR$(O);
LPRINT LOGO$(ROW)
NEXT ROW
'Initialize printer
LPRINT E$;"@"
END
'
' SUBROUTINES
' Define draft download character
2030 LPRINT D$;E$;":" ;CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$(O);
2040 LPRINT E$;"&";CHR$(O);CHR$(6O);CHR$(60);
2050 RESTORE 2520
2060 FOR M-O TO 11
2070 READ MM
2080 LPRINT CHR$(MM);
2090 NEXT M
2100 RETURN
2110
2120 ' Define NLQ download character
2130 LPRINT C$;E$;":" ;CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$o;
2140 LPRINT E$;"&";CHR5(O);CHR$(60):CHR$o;
2150 RESTORE 2560
2160 FOR M-O TO 46
2170 READ MM
2180 LPRINT CHR$WM);
2190 NEXT M
2200 RETURN
2500
2510 ' DATA
2520 ' Draft download character data
2530 DATA 139,124, 0, 66, 4, 64, 36, 16, 2, 16
2540 DATA 12, 0
2550
2560 ' NLQ download character data
2570 DATA 128. 14, 16. 38, 1. 70. 1, 70. 0,126
2580 DATA
0, 0, 70. 0. 38.
0. 22, 9. 6. 9
2590 DATA
6. 8. 6. 0. 28, 32, 14. 64, 14. 0
2600 DATA 14, 0,124, 0, 0, 12, 64, 12, 32, 14
2610 DATA 16. 14. 0. 14. 0, 12, 0
2620
2630 ' Dot graphics data
0, 0, 0, 0, 1. 3, 7, 7. 7, 15
2640 DATA
2650 DATA 14, 14. 14. 14. 14. 7. 7. 3, 3, 15
2660 DATA 15, 15, 0. 0, 0. 0, 0. 0. 0. 0
0, 1, 3. 3, 7, 7, 15, 14, 14, 14
2670 DATA
2680 DATA 14, 15, 7. 7. 7. 3. 0. 0. 0. 0
0, 0, 0, 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0
2690 DATA
0, 0, 0, 0. 0, 0. 0. 0, 0. 0
2700 DATA
1, 3. 7, 7, 7. 15. 14. 14. 14, 14
2710 DATA
2720 DATA 14, 7. 7. 3, 3, 15, 15, 15, 0, 0
0, 0, 0. 0. 0, 0. 0. 0. 0. 0
2730 DATA
0. 0, 60,255,255,255,255,255,143. 15
2740 DATA
7, 7, 7. 7, 3, 3, 3.131.193.241
2750 DATA
2760 DATA 240,240, 0. 0. 0, 0, 0, 0, 0. 1
2770 DATA 121,253,253,255.255.255,143, 7. 7. 7
2780 DATA 31,253,252.248.248,240,192, 0. 7, 15
2790 DATA 31. 31, 15, 7. 3, 0. 0. 0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0, 60,255
2800 DATA
43
2810
2820
2830
2840
2850
2860
2870
2880
2890
2900
2910
2920
2930
2940
2950
2960
2970
2980
2990
3000
3010
3020
3030
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
255,255,255,255.143.
15,
7, 7,
7,
7
3, 3,
3,131,193,241,240,240,
0.
0
0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0,
0, 0, 0,
0
0, 31, 31,
3,129,128,192,192,192,192
192,224,224,224.224.24o,255.255,255.255
255,127.
0, 0,
0, 0, 63,127,255,255
255,255,193,128,128,128,128,192,224,240
252,255.255.255.127.
63. 31,
7.
7. 31
254,252,248.224.128.
0.
o. 3. 7.
7
7, 3.
0, 0.
o, 0.
0, 31, 31,
3
129,128,192,192,192,192,192,224,224,224
224.240,255,255,255.255,255,127,
0,
0
0, 0, 0. o,
o. o,
o. o,
o. o
0,248,248,240,224,224,112,112,
56, 56
56, 56, 56,120,120,240,240,224,224,192
128,
0. 0, 0.
0. 0.192.224.240.240
240,248,248.248,12o.~2o,
56, 56. 56. 56
48,112,224,224,224,224,240,240,248,248
120,120. 56, 56, 56. 56.120.240.224.224
192,128,
0. 0.
0. 0, 0,248,248,240
224,224,112,112.
56. 56. 56. 56. 56.120
120,240,240,224,224,192,128,
0, 0, 0
0,
0, 0. 0.
o. o. o. o. o. o
How the program
works
This program begins by assigning a number of printer commands to
BASIC string variables (lines 1000 to 1090). You can find most of these
commands near the beginning of Appendix B.
The WIDTH “LPTl:” 255 statement in line 1110 means infinite line
width. It prevents the IBM-PC from inserting unwanted carriage returns
and line feeds in graphics data.
Actual printing begins in line 1120. Using the preassigned commands,
the program prints samples of its different type styles, including a line
showing all styles in italics, followed by samples of the print pitches, then
some double and quadruple-sized printing.
Next comes the central attraction of the program: a line of text printed
twenty times in expanding and contracting loops to give a barrel effect.
The work is done by four printer commands: a command setting the right
margin (line 1400); a centering command (line 1420); a command to vary
the line spacing (lines 1440 and 1490); and a command to micro-adjust the
space between characters (lines 1450 and 1500).
44
Next the program returns to normal spacing and gives a demonstration
of the printer’s word-processing abilities: bold printing, underlining, subscripts, etc.
The row of automobiles in the next printed line is created by downloading
two new character patterns, which are printed in place of the character “ < ”
(character 60). Details can be found in Appendix C.
The final part of the program uses dot graphics to print an “S&S” logo.
The dot pattern of the logo was originally laid out on graph paper, then
converted to the data in lines 2640 to 3030 with the help of a calculator.
Each number represents eight vertical dots. (See “Graphics commands” in
Appendix B for details. See also Figure C-l in Appendix C.)
The pattern is printed in four rows, each eight dots high and 100 dots
wide. Lines 1800 to 1850 read the dot data into a string array variable named
LOGO$. Line 1860 sets the line spacing to 8/72 inch so that the rows will
connect vertically. The loop in lines 1870 to 1940 does the printing in four
passes of the print head.
This program can also be run in IBM mode (DIP switch 1-6 OFF) if
you change a few of the lines as shown below to allow for difference in some
of the commands. You will get a cylinder instead of a barrel effect, becuase
the IBM mode does not have any command to micro-adjust the character
spacing.
Modifications
for IBM mode:
'Picapitch
1090 P$=CHR$(18)
'Selectitalics
1190 LE'RINTCHR$(28);"4";
'Cancelitalics
1220 LPRINl-CHR$(28):"5"
"Condensedelite pitch,";
1280 ' LPRINT H$;E$;"M";
1400 IPRINT CJiR$(28);"Q";CkfR$(47)
'Set right margin
1440 LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$;"2";
'Linespacing set
1450 ' LPRINT E$;" ";CHR§(I); 'Increasecharacterspace
1490 LPRINT ~;"A";CHR$(I);Eg;"2";
1500 ' LPRINr rn;" ";cHR$(I):
1860 IPRINT ~;"A";~(a);M;"2";
-'Set 8/72"
2030 G'RINT D$;~(28);":";cHR$(O);cHR$(O~;~~O~:
2130 LPRINT C$;CHR$(28);":";cwz$(O);~(O);~(O);
MEMO
-
Chapter 5
MAINTEIVANCE
AND TROU8LESHOOTING
Subjects covered in Chapter 5 include l
Cleaning the printer
l
Replacing the ribbon
l
Replacing the print head
l
Troubleshooting
Dust and heat will make any mechanism wear more quickly. The best
maintenance is preventive, and the first step is correct location of the printer.
This is covered in greater detail in Chapter 1, but in general an environment
comfortable for humans is best for both the computer and the printer.
CLEANING THE PRINTER
Cleaning the printer regularly will prolong its service life. Use a damp
cloth on the exterior every week or so. For stubborn dirt, you may moisten
the cloth with alcohol or water containing a mild detergent, but be careful
not to spill any liquid into the interior of the printer.
Use a soft brush to remove paper dust and lint from the interior. A small
vacuum cleaner can also make this task easier, but be very careful not to
bend or injure any electronic parts or wiring. The printer contains delicate
electronic parts, so only clean those places where you have easy access.
REPLACING THE RIBBON
The printer uses an endless-type ribbon cartridge in which the ribbon
is recycled automatically. When the print becomes faint, it is time to replace
the ribbon cartridge.
To remove the old cartridge, take off the top cover, grasp the ribbon
cartridge by the two arms at the front and lift straight up. To tit the new
cartridge, guide the ribbon between the print head and platen, then press
down until the cartridge snaps into place. See Figure 5-I.
REPLACING THE PRINT HEAD
The dot matrix print head has a life of about 200 million dots, or years
of normal use. When printing is too light even after replacing the ribbon,
47
Figure
5-i.
Replacing
the ribbon cartridge
you’ll know that the print head has reached the end of its service life. To
replace the print head, follow the procedure below.
As you remove the old print head, note carefully how the cable is
threaded, so that you can thread the new cable in the same way.
Warning:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
48
The print head becomes hot during operation. If you have been
using the printer, wait awhile so that the print head can cool
off. -
Turn power OFF and unplug the power cord.
Remove the top cover and ribbon cartridge.
Move the print head carriage toward the right until you can see the
connector cover. Remove the connector cover and pull the cable free
from the connector.
Unscrew the two screws that hold the print head in place and set them
aside.
Disengage the cable from the tabs holding it down, then remove the
print head.
For easy installation of the new print head, move the carriage toward
the left end of the rail.
Place the new print head on its support, seating it on the two pins.
Thread the new cable the same way as the old, securing it under the
three tabs on the print head carriage.
Plug the cable into the connector, inserting it as far as it will go.
Screws
Qure 5-2. Replacing the print head
10. Fasten the print head down with the two screws.
11. Move the carriage back toward the right and replace the connector cover.
Slide the connector cover to the left until it locks into place.
12. Replace the ribbon cartridge and top cover, and plug the power cord
back in.
49
TROUBLESHOOTING
n If
the
printer
doesn’t
print:
l
Check the Power and On Line indicators. Both must be on.
l
Check that the interface cable is securely plugged in at the computer and
printer ends.
l
Make a test print. (Turn power OFF, hold the On Line or Paper Feed
switch down, then turn power ON.) If the test print succeeds, the problem
is not with the printer; try a different printing command, or try using a
different cable. If the test print fails, have the printer checked by a qualified
serviceman.
..
n If fanfold paper becomes stuck:
l
Turn power off, take off the rear cover, remove the paper, and reload
the paper as described in Chapter 1.
l
Make sure the paper is placed so that it feeds into the printer straight.
n If label paper becomes stuck:
l
Have a qualified serviceman remove any label paper that adheres inside
the printer. Do not attempt to remove it yourself.
l
Avoid using label paper with any exposed adhesive areas.
n If printing
is faint, incomplete,
or unclear:
l
Check that the ribbon cartridge is installed correctly.
cartridge is old, replace it.
l
Adjust the printing gap. See Chapter 1.
l
If ribbon replacement or gap adjustment
replace the print head.
n If a// text is printed
l
If the ribbon
does not solve the problem,
on the same line:
Set DIP switch l-8 to the OFF (front) position.
n If line spacing is twice as wide as expected:
l
Set DIP switch l-8 to the ON (back) position.
n If you can’t print
to the end of the page:
l
This is normal. The printer’s paper-out detector detects the end of the
paper and stops printing about an inch above the end.
l
You can make the printer ignore the paper-out detector by setting DIP
switch l-5 to the OFF (front) position, or by using the < ESC > “8” printer
command.
n
If the printed characters don’t match the characters on the
screen:
l
Check DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4. When these switches are not all ON (back),
an international character set is selected and some ASCII symbols are
changed to other characters. See Appendix D.
l
Some software is not able to display international characters on the screen.
If you use an international character set you may want to paste labels
on the keyboard.
l
If you are using the IBM mode, check DIP switch l-7. Some international
characters and symbols do not print when this switch is OFF (front).
n
If some printer commands afe ignored of executed incoffectly:
l
Check that the setting of DIP switch 1-6 matches the type of printer your
software supports: ON (back) for Star or Epson; OFF (front) for IBM.
l
A few commands are mutually exclusive. For example, you cannot get
emphasized condensed printing.
n
If you have problems with horizontal tabulation:
l
Don’t change the margins after setting tabs.
l
Don’t change the print pitch after setting tabs. The physical positions
of the tab stops do not adjust to the new print pitch.
n
If you have problems with graphics:
l
If you are using commercial software, check that it supports this printer,
or a Star, Epson or IBM printer, and that DIP switch l-6 is set correctly:
ON (back) for Star or Epson; OFF (front) for IBM.
l
Use a hex dump to verify the codes the printer is receiving. See the graphics
command descriptions in Appendix B. Some computers insert unwanted
commands (such as carriage returns and line feeds) in graphics data, or
change the values of certain codes.
l
BASIC programs may require a WIDTH statement. Check your BASIC
manual.
n
If you have problems with download characters:
l
Check that DIP switch 2-1 is OFF (front).
l
Make the same checks as for graphics problems.
51
MEMO
TECHNICAL SPEClF/CAl/O/VS
n
n
.
L
Printing Mechanism
Printing method
Serial impact dot matrix
Printing speed
120 characters per second (draft pica)
30 characters per second (NLQ pica)
Printing direction
bidirectional
or unidirectional
Draft:
(selectable), logic seeking
NLQ and graphics: unidirectional, logic
seeking
Print head
9 Pins
Life: 200 million dots
Ribbon
Black fabric ribbon cartridge
Life: 1 million draft characters
Paper feed
Friction and push-tractor feed
Semiautomatic sheet loading
Paper feed speed
2.7 inches/second (during page feed)
Interface and Emulation
Interface
Centronics-compatible,
TTL-level
7 or 8 bit,
Data buffer
4K bytes when not used for download
characters
l-Line buffer when using download
Emulation modes
Epson LX-800 and IBM Proprinter
*
II
H Switches and indicators
L.
L.
Power switch
Rocker switch
Control panel
4 Membrane switches, 10 LED indicators
DIP switches
12 pins
53
Special features
l
n
n
Panel pitch/style lock-in
Forward and reverse micro-feed
Paper parking
Hexadecimal dump
Dot Matrix Size
Character matrix
9 x 9 dots (Draft pica)
18 x 23 dots (Courier and Orator pica)
18 x 18 dots (Sanserif pica, elite)
12 x 11 dots (IBM block graphics, pica)
18 x 19 dots (Courier and Orator elite)
18 x 12 dots (Condensed pica)
18 x 10 dots (Condensed elite)
Bit-image graphics
8 x 480 dots at 60 dpi (Single density)
9 x 480 dots at 60 dpi (Single density)
8 x 576 dots at 72 dpi (Plotter mode)
8 x 640 dots at 80 dpi (CRT I)
8 x 720 dots at 90 dpi (CRT II)
8 x 960 dots at 120 dpi (Double density)
9 x 960 dots at 120 dpi (Double density)
8 x 960 dots at 120 dpi (High speed)
8 x 1920 dots at 240 dpi (Quadruple density)
Character Sets
Standard character set
96 ASCII characters
IBM character set
244 characters
(ASCII, international
characters, symbols, block graphics)
Download characters
Max. 192 (draft) or 78 (NLQ)
International
14 sets (USA, France, Germany, England,
Denmark I, Denmark II, Sweden, Italy,
Spain I, Spain II, Japan, Norway, Latin
America, Denmark/Norway)
character sets
Type Styles and Pitches
Draft type styles
Draft, draft italic
NLQ type styles
Courier, Sanserif, Orator (with lower case
or small capitals), and italic versions of
these
-
Extra-large characters
Double width, double height, double width
and height, quadruple width and height
Print pitches
Pica (10 cpi)
Elite (12 cpi)
Condensed pica (17 cpi)
Condensed elite (20 cpi) (Standard mode
only)
Proportional spacing can be selected for
each of the above
Line spacing
l/6 inch (standard)
l/8, n/72, or n/216 inch (programmable)
Column width
8 inches
Pica: 80 characters
Elite: 96 characters
Condensed pica: 137 characters
Condensed elite: 160 characters
4 Paper Specifications
n
n
..
%,.
Single sheets
140 to 216 mm (5.5 to 8.5 inches) wide,
0.07 to 0.10 mm thick
Fanfold paper
102 to 254 mm (4 to 10 inches) wide
0.07 to 0.10 mm thick (single-ply)
Max. 0.28 mm thick (3-ply)
Number of copies
Max. 3 (original + 2 copies)
Dimensions and Weight
Dimensions
Width 384 mm (15.1 inches)
Depth 287.5 mm (11.3 inches)
Height 108 mm (4.3 inches)
Weight
4.7 kg (10.3 pounds)
EIectf ical Specifications
Line voltage
120 VAC + 10%
220 VAC + 10%
240 VAC + 10%
(varies according to the country of purchase)
Line frequency
50 or 60 Hz
Power consumption
Typ. 30 W, Max. 60 W
55
Insulation resistance
10 megohms between AC power line and
chassis
Dielectric strength
Withstands I kVAC rms at 50 or 60 Hz
between AC power line and chassis for
at least 1 minute
n Environmental
Requirements
Operating temperature
Operating humidity
Storage temperature
Storage humidity
5 to 40°C (41 to 104°F)
10% to 80% (no condensation)
- 30 to 65°C (- 22 to 149°F)
10% to 95% (at 40°C) (no condensation)
n Option
Automatic sheet feeder
n interface
Signals
gna’
ame
I Direction
Function
Goes from High to Low (for at least 0.5
microseconds) when data are valid.
Eight-bit character data. DATA8 is the
most significant bit; DATA1 is the least
significant bit. High is logic 1 and Low is
logic 0.
-
data.
OUT
SELECTED OUT
13
14-15 N/C
16
SIGNAL
GND
17
cGHNADssls
56
runs out of paper.
rmanently by turning
High when the printer is on-line.
Unused
Signal ground.
I+$tezerassis
g
ground, isolated from sig-
Pin No.
Signal
Name
18
+ SVDC
19-30 GND
Dh *ection I
I
OUT
Function
1 External supply of + SVDC.
I
MEMO
PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
This appendix describes the printer’s control commands.
The commands
are
arranged by function.
The name of each command is followed by a table like the
one below:
Mode
Both
Hexadeoimal
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
‘lx”
<ESC>
“X”
“1”
<I>
27 120
49
1B
78
31
27 120
I
IB
78
01
Mode:
Indicates the mode in which the command is recognized.
Standard mode (DIP switch l-6 on)
Std.
IBM mode (DIP switch 1-6 off)
IBM
Both standard and IBM modes
Both
ASCII:
Indicates
the ASCII coding of the command.
Control
characters are enclosed in pointed brackets:
For example,
< 0 > means character code 0.
Gives the command in decimal character codes.
Gives the command
in hexadecimal
character codes.
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
Parameters
such as n.
for which values
must be supplied
are indicated
by italic letters
Many commands
have alternative
forms. Some commands
use < ESC>
(character
code 27) in Standard mode and < FS > (character
code 28) in IBM
mode. Other commands
have parameters
that can be specified as either character
codes or digit characters,
like the parameter
1 in the sample command above.
FONT CONTROL COMMANDS
Select draft quality characters
Mode
Both
IBM
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
‘IX”
“0”
27 120
< ESC >
‘lx”
co>
0
< ESC >
“I”
“0”
27
73
48
< ESC >
“I”
co>
27
73
0
IB
27 120
48
Changes from near letter quality to draft quality.
Type Style switch was pressed during power-up.
IB
78
30
IB
78
00
IB
49
30
49
00
Ignored
if the NLQ
Select draft elite characters
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC >
“I”
< EfjC >
“I”
“ 73
1
<I>
Hexadecimal
21
13
49
IB
49
31
27
13
1
IB
49
01
Changes to draft quality characters with elite pitch (12 cpi). Ignored if
the NLQ Type Style switch was pressed during power-up.
Select MC? characters
IModel
ASCII
Decimal
I
<ESC>
“XI’
<ESC>
-X”
“ I”
Both
<I>
1
Hexadecimal
27 120
49
1B
78
31
27 120
1
IB
78
01
I
-
Changes from draft quality to near letter quality. Ignored if the NLQ
Type Style switch was pressed during power-up.
Select NLQ type style
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
1
<ESC>
“k”
n
127107
Hexadecimal
n
IIB
6B
n
Selects an NLQ type style according to the value of n. In draft mode,
this command remains dormant and takes effect later when NLQ is selected by < ESC> “x” 1. Ignored if the NLQ Type Style switch was
pressed during power-up.
n Type style
0
1
2
3
Select Sanserif
IModel
Courier (initial value)
Sanserif
Orator with small capitals
Orator with lower case
characters
-
I
ASCII
< ESC >
“I”
< ESC >
“I”
“2”
IBM
<2>
I
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27
73
50
IB
49
32
27
73
2
1B
49
02
Changes to the Sanserif NLQ font. Ignored if the NLQ Type Style switch
was pressed during power-up.
60
I
Select Courier
hode t
I
1
IBM
characters
ASCII
Decimal
I
< ESC >
“I”
“3”
< ESC >
“I”
<3>
< ESC >
“1”
< ESC >
“I”
I27
Hexadecimal
I
1 IB 49
73
51
27
73
3
1B
49
03
“7”
27
73
55
IB
49
37
<7>
27
73
7
IB
49
07
I
I
33
Changes to the Courier NLQ font. Ignored if the NLQ Type Style switch
was pressed during power-up.
Se/ect italic characters
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
“4”
1 27
52
IlB
34
<FS>
“4”
1 28
52
1c
34
1
IBM
Decimal
Hexadecimal
-I
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in italics. Ignored if the NLQ
Type Style switch was pressed during power-up.
Select upright characters
Mode 1
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
< FS >
IBM
Decimal
Hexadecimal
” 5”
27
53
IB
35
“ 5”
28
53
1c
33
I
A
Stops italic printing and causes subsequent characters to be printed upright. Ignored if the NLQ Type Style switch was pressed during power-up.
Emphasized
Mode 1
Both
1
printing
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“E”
1 27
Causes subsequent draft characters
thickness to vertical strokes.
Cancel emphasized
Hexadecimal
IIB
to be emphasized
45
I
by adding extra
printing
ASCII
<ESC>
69
Decimal
“F”
1 27
70
Hexadecimal
IIB
46
Cancels emphasized printing.
61
Double-strike
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
printing
Hexadecimal
Decimal
27
“G”
1B
71
47
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in double-strike mode with
a slight vertical paper motion in between, causing a thickening of horizontal strokes.
For bold print, use of double-strike is recommended in NLQ mode, and
combined use of emphasized and double-strike is recommended in draft
mode.
Double-strike cannot be used with superscripts or subscripts.
Cancel double-strike
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC’
printing
Hexadecimal
Decimal
27
“H”
Cancels double-strike
1B
72
48
printing.
Start underlining
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
< EfjC >
“-”
< ESC >
“-”
*‘ 1”
<I>
27
45
49
27
45
1
IB
2D
31
1B 2D
01
Causes subsequent characters to be underlined. IBM block graphics
characters and spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are not underlined.
Stop underlining
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
< ESC >
“-”
“0”
27
45
48
1B 2D
30
< ESC >
-‘-”
co>
27
45
0
IB
00
1B
5F
31
1B
5F
01
2D
Stops underlining.
Start overlining
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“p”
< ESC >
“p”
“ 1”
Cl>
27
95
49
27
95
1
Causes subsequent characters to be overlined.
zontal tabulation are not overlined.
62
Spaces skipped by hori-
Stop overlining
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“- ”
“0”
21
95
48
IB
5F
30
<ESC>
“p”
<Cl>
27
95
0
IB
5F
00
Stops overlining.
Superscript
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
‘3”
“0”
27
83
48
IB
53
30
<ESC>
‘3”
co>
27
83
0
IB
53
00
Causes subsequent characters
change the character pitch.
to be printed
as superscripts.
Does not
Subscript
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“S”
<ESC>
“S”
(‘1”
<I>
27
83
49
1B
53
31
27
83
1
IB
53
01
Causes subsequent characters to be printed as subscripts. Does not change
the character pitch.
Cancel superscript
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
or subscript
Hexadecimal
Decimal
2-l
“T”
Stops printing superscripts
84
1B
54
or subscripts and returns to normal printing.
CHARACTER SET COMMANDS
Select standard character
Mode
Std.
set
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“t”
< ESC >
“t”
“0”
co>
27 116
48
IB
74
30
27 116
0
1B
74
00
Selects the standard character set. This is the power-up default in Standard
mode if DIP switch l-7 is ON. The standard character set cannot be
selected in IBM mode.
63
Select IBM character
Mode
set
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“t”
< ESC >
“t”
“ 1”
Hexadecimal
27 116
49
IB
74
31
27 116
1
IB
74
01
Std.
<I>
Selects an IBM character set (character set #2 unless an < ESC > “7”
command has been received). Ignored in IBM mode, since the IBM
character set is selected automatically.
Select IBM character
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
set #7
Decimal
“7”
27
Hexadecimal
55
IB
.-
37
Selects IBM character set #l. If the standard character set is currently
selected, this command remains dormant and takes effect at the next
< ESC > “t” 1 command. In IBM mode. character set #l is the power-up
default if DIP switch l-7 is OFF.
Select IBM character
Mode
Both
set #2
ASCII
1
<ESC>
Decimal
“6”
i 27
Hexadecimal
54
11B
36
Selects IBM character set #2. If the standard character set is currently
selected, this command remains dormant and takes effect at the next
< ESC > “t” 1 command. In IBM mode, character set #2 is the power-up
default if DIP switch l-7 is ON.
Select international
Mode
character
set
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Std.
<ESC>
“R”
n
27
82
n
1B
52
n
IBM
IFS>
“R”
II
28
82
n
1C
52
n
Selects an international
character set according to the value of n.
n Character
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
64
U.S.A
France
Germany
England
Denmark
Sweden
Italy
set
I
n Character set
7 Spain I
8 Japan
9 Norway
10 Denmark II
11 Spain II
12 Latin America
13 Denmark/Norway
The first eight of these character sets (from U.S.A. to Spain I) can be
selected as power-up defaults by DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4.
Enable printing
Mode
of all character codes
ASCII
<ESC>
IBM
Decimal
“\”
nl
n2
27
92
Hexadecimal
nl
n2
IB
5C
nl
n2
Enables printing of all characters in the IBM character set, including those
assigned to character codes which are normally considered control codes.
This command remains in effect for the next nl + n.2 x 256 characters,
where nl and n2 are numbers between 0 and 255. During this interval
no control functions are executed. If a code with no assigned character
is received, the printer prints a space.
Enable printing
Mode 1
IBM
1
of a// character
codes on next character
ASCII
< ESC >
Decimal
‘Ln”
I 21
Hexadecimal
94
tlB
5E
This command operates like < ESC > “\” except that it remains in effect
for only one character.
Select slash zero
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
“ _ 3.
“ 1”
<ESC>
“N ”
< 1>
Causes subsequent
1 27 126
I27
zero characters
Hexadecimal
49
126
I
to be overprinted
IlB
1B
7E
31
7E
01
with a slash (0).
Select normal zero
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
b‘N ”
<ESC>
“W”
“0”
<o>
Causes subsequent
a slash.
zero characters
Hexadecimal
21 126
48
IB
7E
27 126
0
IB
7E
to be printed normally
30
00
(0), without
65
CHARACTER
SIZE AND PITCH COMMANDS
Pica pitch
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
IBM
<DC2>
“P”
27
80
18
Hexadecimal
1B
50
12
In Standard mode, changes from elite to pica pitch (10 cpi) or from
condensed elite to condensed pica (17 cpi). In IBM mode, changes from
either elite or condensed to pica (10 cpi). Ignored if the Print Pitch switch
was pressed during power-up.
Elite pitch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
IBM
< ESC >
-Decimal
Hexadecimal
“M”
27
77
1B 4D
“.”
27
58
1B 3A
In Standard mode, changes from pica to elite pitch (12 cpi) or from
condensed pica to condensed elite (20 cpi). In IBM mode, changes from
either pica or condensed to elite (12 cpi). Ignored if the Print Pitch switch
was pressed during power-up.
Condensed
Mode
printing
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
OF
15
<SI>
Both
<SI>
27
Hexadecimal
15
1B OF
In Standard mode, changes from pica to condensed pica (17 cpi) or from
elite to condensed elite (20 cpi). In IBM mode, changes from either pica
or elite to condensed (17 cpi). Ignored if the Print Pitch switch was pressed
during power-up.
Cancel condensed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<DC2>
printing
Decimal
18
Hexadecimal
12
In Standard mode, changes from condensed pica to normal pica or from
condensed elite to normal elite. In IBM mode, always changes to normal
pica. Ignored if the Print Pitch switch was pressed during power-up.
66
Expanded printing
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“w”
“1”
27
87
49
1B
57
31
<ESC>
“w”
<I>
27
87
1
1B
57
01
Both
Causes subsequent
characters
to be expanded to double width.
Cancel expanded printing
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“w”
“0”
27
87
48
1B
57
30
cESC>
“W”
co>
27
87
0
1B
57
00
Stops expanded printing and returns to normal width.
Expanded printing
Mode
for one line
ASCII
Decimal
14
<so>
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
<so>
27
OE
14
IB
OE
Causes subsequent characters in the current line to be expanded to double
width. Characters return to normal width after the next line feed ( < LF > ).
The < DC4 >, < VT >, < FF > , and < ESC > “W” 0 commands also
cancel expanded printing.
Cancel one-line expanded printing
c
Mode
ASCII
Both
<DC4>
c
Select proportional
Mode
Both
L.
IBM
L..
Hexadecimal
14
Stops one-line expanded printing set with < SO > or < ESC z < SO >.
Does not cancel < ESC > “W” 1.
L.
L
Decimal
20
spacing
ASCII
Decimal
< ESC >
‘1 n
<ESC>
“P ”
<ESCz
“P”
P
“117
Hexadecimal
27 112
49
1B
70
31
Cl>
27 112
1
IB
70
01
cl>
27
I
IB
50
01
80
Causes subsequent characters to be proportionally
spaced.
the Print Pitch switch was pressed during power-up.
Ignored if
67
Select fixed spacing
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both
IBM
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“P”
“0”
27 112
48
1B
70
30
<ESC>
“P”
co>
27 112
0
1B
70
00
<ESC>
“P”
co>
27
0
1B
50
00
80
Causes subsequent characters to be printed with fixed character spacing.
Ignored if the Print Pitch switch was pressed during power-up.
Select master print mode
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
“,W
n
27
33
Hexadecimal
n
1B
21
n
Selects a combined print mode according to the value of n. The value
of n is the sum of the values given below for the desired characteristics.
Examples: n = 1 gives elite; n = 9 (1 + 8) gives emphasized elite; n
= 137 (1 + 8 + 128) gives underlined emphasized elite.
n
Function
Underline
Italic [*l]
Expanded
Double strike
Emphasized
Condensed [*2]
Proportional [*2]
Elite [*2]
[*I]
[*2]
Increase
Mode 1
Std.
1
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
Ignored if the NLQ Type Style switch was pressed during
power-up.
Ignored if the Print Pitch switch was pressed during
power-up.
character
spacing
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
“”
n
1 27
32
Hexadecimal
n
Increases the space between characters by n/240
number from 0 to 127. Used in microjustification.
68
value
IlB
20
n
I
I
inches, where n is a
Select double or quadruple
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
size
Decimal
“h”
n
Hexadecimal
n
27 104
1B
68
n
Selects the size of subsequent characters as shown below. Extra-high
characters align along the cap-line of normal characters, with the base
line temporarily moving down. Line spacing is temporarily doubled when
n = 1, 5 or 6 and quadrupled when n = 2. To print correctly when n
= 3,4,5 or 6, set the line spacing to 24/2 16 (l/9) of an inch with < ESC >
“3” < 24 > , and print the same characters twice, upper half on one line,
lower half on the next. For accurate alignment of the two halves, select
unidirectional printing with < ESC > “U” < 1 > .
n Effect
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Print double-height
1Mode 1
Both
Normal size
Double-high, double-wide
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide
Double-high, double-wide (Lower half only)
Double-high, double-wide (Upper half only)
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide (Lower half only)
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide (Upper half only)
characters
ASCII
I
<ESC>
(‘W”
<ESC>
(‘W’,
“ 1”
<I>
I
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
27 119
49
1B
77
31
27 119
1
1B
77
01
Prints subsequent characters at double height without moving the base
line, and without changing the line spacing. Temporarily
cancels
super/subscript and condensed printing modes.
Return to normal height
I Mode I
Both
I
ASCII
I
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“W”
“0”
27 119
48
1B
77
30
<ESC>
-W”
co>
27 119
0
1B
77
00
Terminates double-height printing and prints subsequent characters at
normal height. Resumes super/subscript and condensed printing if these
modes were in effect before double height was selected.
69
Select character
Mode
height,
width, and line spacing
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“[”
<o>
Both
<4>
“@”
<o>
<o>
27
n
91
0
Hexadecimal
64
0
4
0
1B
n
m
m
5B
40
00 00
m
04
00
n
Selects a combination of character height, width, and line spacing according to the value of n and m, as below. Does not move the base line.
Character height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Unchanged
Unchanged
Double
Single width (same as < ESC > “W” 0)
Double width (same as < ESC > “W” 1)
Double-height characters are always printed at near letter quality. Double
height printing temporarily cancels the super/subscript and condensed
printing modes, but these modes resume when the printer returns to
normal height.
VERTICAL
POSITION
Set line spacing
to l/8 inch
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
Both
COMMANDS
t
<ESC>
“0”
1 27
48
Hexadecimal
IlB
-
30
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent
to l/8 inch.
line feeds
Set line spacing to 7172 inch
Mode
Both
ASCII
1
<ESC>
Decimal
“ 1”
I 27
49
Hexadecimal
IlB
31
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent
to 7172 inch.
line feeds
Set line spacing to l/6 inch
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESCb
Decimal
“2”
21
Hexadecimal
50
1B
32
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent
to l/6 inch.
line feeds
Set line spacing to n/216 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
< ESC >
Decimal
“3”
n
27
51
Hexadecimal
n
1B
33
n
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line feeds
to n/21 6 inch, where n is between 0 and 255. If n = 0, in Standard mode
the line-feed distance is set to 0. but in IBM mode this command is ignored.
Set line spacing to n/72 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“A”
27
n
65
Hexadecimal
n
IB
41
n
In Standard mode, sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in
subsequent line feeds to n/72 inch, where n is between 0 and 85. If n
=O, the line spacing is set to 0.
In IBM mode this command does the same except that (1) the new line
spacing does not take effect until the next < ESC > “2” command, and
(2) if n = 0, the < ESC > “A” command is ignored.
Execute < ESC > “A”
1Mode I1
IBM
1
1
I
ASCII
<ESC>
“2”
I 27
Decimal
50
1
I
IlB
Hexadecimal
32
Sets the line spacing to the value defined by the last preceding < ESC >
“A” command. Sets the line spacing to l/6 inch if there is no preceding
< ESC > “A” command.
I
Line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<LF>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
OA
10
Prints the current line and feeds the paper to the next line. If DIP switch
l-2 is ON, also moves the next print position to the left margin. See the
preceding commands for the line spacing.
Reverse
line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
<LF>
27
Hexadecimal
1B OA
10
Prints the current line and feeds the paper in the reverse direction to the
preceding line. If DIP switch l-2 is ON, also moves the next print position
to the left margin. See the preceding commands for the line spacing.
Ignored when friction feed is used.
Perform
Mode
Both
one n/2164nch line feed
< ESC >
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
“J”
27
n
14
n
1B4A
n
Feeds the paper once by n/216 inches, where n is between 1 and 255.
Does not move the print position right or left when DIP switch l-2 is
OFF. Does not change the line-spacing setting. Ignored when friction
feed is used.
Perform
Mode
Both
one nl2164nch
reverse
Decimal
ASCII
c ESC >
line feed
“‘j”
n
27 106
Hexadecimal
n
1B6A
n
Feeds the paper once by n/216 inches in the reverse direction, where n
is between 1 and 255. Does not move the print position right or left when
DIP switch l-2 is OFF. Does not change the line-spacing setting. Ignored
when friction feed is used.
Feed paper n lines
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“f’
<ESC>
“f
Hexadecimal
“1”
n
27 102
49
n
1B
66
31
n
<I>
n
27 102
1
n
1B
66
01
n
Feeds the paper n lines from the current line, where n is between 0 and
127.
72
Set top of page at current position
Model
IBM
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
1
“4”
27
52
IlB
Sets the current position as the top-of-page
also be done from the control panel.
I
34
I
position. Note that this can
Set page length to n lines
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
“C”
27
n
67
n
1B
43
n
Sets the page length ton lines in the current line spacing, where n is between
1 and 127 in Standard mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM mode. Changing
the line spacing later does not alter the physical page length. The current
line becomes the top of the page.
Set page length to n inches
IModel I
Both
ASCII
<ESC>
CO>
n
I
Decimal
I
“C”
27
67
0
n
Hexadecimal
1B
43
00
I
n
Sets the page length to n inches, where n is between 1 and 22 in Standard
mode or between 1 and 127 in IBM mode. The current line becomes the
top of the page.
Set top margin
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“c”
n
I 27
99
n
IlB
63
n
Sets the top margin to (n - 1) lines, where n is between 1 and 255. Printing
begins on the nth line on the page. The power-up default is n = 1, giving
no top margin.
Set bottom margin
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
1
<ESC>
“IV
n
1 27
78
n
Hexadecimal
IlB
4E
n
Sets the bottom margin to n lines, where n is between 0 and 127 in Standard
mode or between 0 and 255 in IBM mode. The bottom margin is reset
when you change the page length.
Cancel top and bottom margins
Mode 1
Both
1
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
1 27
“0”
Hexadecimal
79
IIB
4F
Cancels both the top margin and the bottom margin.
Form feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<FF>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
12
oc
Feeds the paper to the top of the next page according to the current page
length, and moves the print position to the left margin. When the automatic sheet feeder (ASF) is selected (DIP switch l-4 is OFF), this cornmand ejects the current page.
Return
Mode 1
Both
1
-
to top of current page
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
127
<FF>
:2
Hexadecimal
IIB
OC
Feeds the paper backward to the top of the current page. Ignored when
friction feed is used.
Disable paper-out detector
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
21
“8”
Hexadecimal
56
IB
38
Causes the printer to disregard the signal sent by the paper-out detector,
enabling printing to the bottom of the paper. Overrides the setting of
DIP switch 1-5.
Enable paper-out detector
Mode 1
Both
I
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
I 21
“9”
57
Hexadecimal
IIB
39
Causes the printer to stop printing about an inch before the end of the
paper. Overrides the setting of DIP switch 1-5.
Set vertical tab stops
IModel
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
I
“B”
nl
n2
...<O
I
27
66
nl
n2 ...O 1B
I
42
nl
nZ...OO
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new vertical tab stops at
lines nl, n2, etc., where nl, n2, etc. are numbers between 1 and 255. A
maximum of 16 vertical tab stops can be set. The tab stops must be
specified in ascending order; any violation of ascending order terminates
the tab stop list. Standard termination is by the < 0 r control code. The
vertical tab stops are set in terms of the current line spacing and do not
move if the line spacing is changed later.
Set vertical tab stops every II lines
IModel
Both
I
ASCII
< ESC >
“e”
< ESC >
“e” <I>
“ 1”
I
Decimal
n
27 101
27 101
n
49
1
n
n
I
Hexadecimal
IB
65
31
1B
65
01
n
n
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new tab stops every n lines,
where n is between 1 and 127.
Set vertical tab stops in channel
,
Mode
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
nO
n2 ...<O>
“b”
nl
27 98 n0 nl
n2
0
1B
62
n2
n0
nl
00
Cancels all current vertical tab stops in channel no, (where no is between
0 and 7) and sets new vertical tab stops in this channel. (A channel is a
set of vertical tab stops selected by the < ESC > “/” command.)
See
< ESC > “B” for parameters nl, n2, .. . < 0 > .
Select vertical tab channel
Mode
ASCII
Both
< ESC >
Decimal
“/”
n0
27 47 n0
Hexadecimal
1B
2F
n0
Selects a set of vertical tab stops designated by a channel number (no)
from 0 to 7. The tab stops in each channel are set by < ESC > “b”.
Vertical tab
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Both
<VT>
11
OB
Feeds the paper to the next vertical tab stop and moves the print position
to the left margin. Performs a line feed if no vertical tabs are set, as at
power-up. Feeds to the top of the next page if vertical tabs are set but
the current line is at or below the last vertical tab stop.
75
HORIZONTAL POSITION COMMANDS
Set left margin
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“1”
n
27 108
Hexadecimal
n
n
1B6C
Sets the left margin at column n (where n is between 0 and 255) in the
current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing is selected).
The left margin does not move if the character pitch is changed later.
The left margin must be at least two columns to the left of the right margin
and within the limits below:
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Condensed
Expanded
Expanded
Expanded
Expanded
pica
elite
pica
elite
condensed
condensed
01nr;76
O<n191
0 5 n s 130
0 5 n I 152
Osns38
Osns45
Osns64
Osns76
pica
elite
The left margin can also be set from the control panel.
Set fight margin
Mode
Std.
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“Q”
n
27
81
Hexadecimal
n
1B
n
1C
28
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Condensed
Expanded
Expanded
Expanded
Expanded
81
pica
elite
pica
elite
condensed pica
condensed elite
51
4sns80
5sns96
7 sn I; 137
8 I n I 160
2sn540
3<n<48
4sns68
4sns80
The right margin can also be set from the control panel.
76
51
n
n
“Q”
n
Sets the right margin at cohtmn n in the current character pitch (pica
pitch if proportional spacing is currently selected). Column n becomes
the last character position in the line. The right margin does not move
if the character pitch is changed later. The right margin must be within
the limits below:
<FS>
Set left and right margins
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
1
<ESC>
“x”
nl
n2
I27
Hexadecimal
88 nl
n2
IlB
58
nl
I
n2
Sets the left margin at column nl and the right margin at column n2. See
the preceding commands for margin restrictions and other notes.
Carriage return
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
i
I
<CR>
Hexadecimal
1
13
OD
Prints the current line and returns the next print position to the left margin.
If DIP switch l-8 is ON, also performs a line feed.
Set automatic fine feed
Mode
IBM
ASCII
I
<ESC>
Decimal
‘65”
<I>
t 27 53
Hexadecimal
1
i 1B
35
01
Causes the printer to perform both a carriage return and line feed each
time it receives a < CR > code. This command takes priority over DIP
switch l-8.
Cancel automatic line feed
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
1
<ESC>
“ 5”
co>
1 27 53
Hexadecimal
0
1 IB
35
00
I
Causes the printer to perform only a carriage return when it receives a
< CR > code. This command takes priority over DIP switch 1-8.
Backspace
Mode
Both
ASCII
I
CBS>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
1
8
1
08
Moves the print position one column to the left. Ignored if the print
position is at the left margin. This command can be used to overstrike
or combine characters.
77
Left justify
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“a”
“0”
27
97
48
1B
61
30
< ESC >
“a”
<o>
21
97
0
1B
61
00
Aligns subsequent
ragged.
text with the left margin,
leaving the right margin
Center text
I Mode I
Both
I
ASCII
<ESC>
“a”
<ESC>
“a”
“ 1”
<I>
Centers subsequent
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
I
27
97
49
1B
61
31
27
97
I
1B
61
01
text between the left and right margins.
Right justify
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
Both
“a”
“2”
27
97
50
1B
61
32
<ESC>
“a”
c2>
27
97
2
1B
61
02
Aligns subsequent
ragged.
Set horizonfal
IModel
Both
I
I
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
text with the right margin,
tab stops
ASCII
<ESC>
leaving the left margin
“D”
nl
n2 ...<O>
I
Decimal
I
27
68
nl
nZ...O
I
Hexadecimal
I
1B
44
nl
n,Z..OO
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops at columns
nl, n..?,etc. in the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing
is currently selected), where nl, a?, etc. are numbers between 1 and 255.
The maximum number of horizontal tab stops allowed is 32 in Standard
mode and 28 in IBM mode. The tab stops must be specified in ascending
order; any violation of ascending order terminates the tab stop list.
Standard termination is by the < 0 > control code. To clear all tab stops,
specify < ESC > “D” < 0 > .
Set horizontal tab stop every n columns
IModel
Both
1
ASCII
< ESC >
“e”
< ESC >
“e” co>
“0"
1
Decimal
Hexadecimal
I
n
27 101
48
n
1B
65
30
n
n
27 101
0
n
1B
65
00
n
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops every n
columns, where n is between 1 and 127.
Reset all tab stops
Mode
cESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
IBM
27 82
“R”
1B
52
Resets the horizontal tab stops to their power-up values in which a tab
stop is set every 8 column starting at column 9. Also clears all vertical
tab stops.
Horizontal tab
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Both
<HT>
9
09
Moves the print position to the next horizontal tab stop. Ignored if there
is no next horizontal tab stop in the current line. Note that when underlining is selected, spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are not
underlined.
Relative horizontal tab
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Std.
< ESC >
“r
IBM
c FS >
“\”
nl
nl
n2
n2
27 92 nl
28 92 nl
Hexadecimal
n2
n2
1B
5C
1C
SC
nl
nl
n2
n2
Moves the print position right or left a specified distance (maximum 6
inches). Ignored if the resulting position is beyond the right or left margin.
The formulas for the distance and direction are as follows:
If n2 is between 0 and 63, the print head moves right by (nr + n2 x 256)/ 120
inches
If n2 is between 64 and 127, the print head moves left by (nl +
[n2- 641 x 256)/120 inches
Absolute horizontal tab in inches
c
Mode
Both
c
I
/
i
i
t
Decimal
ASCII
I
<ESC>
“$”
nl
n2
12736nln2
Hexadecimal
llB24nln2
Sets the next print position to (nl + n2 x 256)/60 inches from the left
margin on the current line. Ignored if this position is beyond the right
margin. The maximum position is 8 inches.
Absolute horizontal
Mode 1
Both
tab in columns
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“f’
“0”
n
27 IO?
48
n
1B
66
30
n
<ESC>
“f
CO>
n
27 102
0
n
1B
66
00
n
Moves the next print position to column n from the left margin, where
is between 0 and 127.
n
GRAPHICS COMMANDS
Print sing/e-density
Modt ?I
&bit graphics
I
ASCII
Both
ml
t
nl
“K”
<ESC>
n2
nl
15
ml
m2
I
Decimal
27
n2
m2
Hexadecimal
1B
4B
ml
nl
I
-
-
n2
m2
Prints bit-image graphics at 60 dots per inch horizontally. The graphic
image is 8 dots high and nl + n2 x 256 dots wide. Maximum width is
8 inches (480 dots). ml, m2, .. . are the dot data, each a l-byte value from
0 to 255 representing 8 vertical dots, with the most significant bit at the
top and the least significant bit at the bottom. The number of data bytes
must be nl + n? x 256. Dots beyond the right margin are ignored. At
the end of bit-image printing the printer returns automatically to character
mode.
Print double-density
Mode
&bit graphics
Decimal
ASCII
“L”
<ESC>
Both
ml
nl
n2
27
ml
m2
Hexadecimal
nl
76
m2
n2
..
1B 4C
ml
Prints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally
960 dots wide). See < ESC > “K” for other information.
Print double-density,
Mode
“Y”
ml
nl
m2
n2
21
ml
n2
(maximum
-
8-bit graphics
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
double-speed
nl
m2
89
m2
nl
n2
.
1B
ml
59
nl
n2
m2
Prints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally (maximum
960 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal direction.
See < ESC > “K” for other information.
80
Print quadruple-density b-bit graphics
Mode
1
ASCII
“z” nl
ml
m2
<ESC>
Both
nl
ml m2
n2
Hexadecimal
Decimal
21
90
n2
IB
5A
nl
1
n2
ml m2
Prints bit-image graphics at 240 dots per inch horizontally (maximum
1920 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal direction.
See < ESC > “K” for other information.
Select graphics mode
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC >
Both
n0
“*”
ml
n2
nl
21
m2
Hexadecimal
42 n0 nl
n2 ml m2
n0 nl
n2 ml m2
1B 2A
Selects one of seven graphics modes depending on the value of n0 and
prints bit-image graphics in this mode. See < ESC > “K” for information
on nl, n2, ml, m2, . ..
n0 Gravhics mode
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
(60 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
Normal-density
Double-density
Double-density, double-speed
Quadruple-density
CRT graphics, mode I
Plotter graphics
CRT graphics, mode II
(240 dots per inch)
(80 dots per inch)
(72 dots per inch)
(90 dots per inch)
Convert graphics density
1Mode 1
ASCII
IBoth
<
I
Decimal
I
>
“?”
n
m
21
63
I
m
Hexadecimal
IlB3F
m
graphics defined
subsequent <
> “K”,
ESC >
< ESC
“Y” or
ESC >
commands to
density mode
n is
“L”, “Y”
“Z”, indicating
mode to
by <ESC>
converted. m a code
< 0 to < > indicating
of the
of <ESC>
.
L
I
I
Print O-pin graphics
IModel
I
ASCII
<ESC >
Std.
“n”
n2
nO
ml
nl
Decimal
27
m2
1
94 nO nl
n2 ml m2 .__
I
Hexadecimal
nl
n2 ml m2 ___
1B
5E
n0
Prints bit-image graphics at 60 dots per inch if n0 = 0 or 120 dots per
inch if nO = 1. The graphics image is 9 dots high and nl + n2 x 256 dots
wide. Maximum width is 8 inches. Dots beyond the right margin are
ignored. ml, m2, . are byte pairs representing 9 vertical dots each. In
the leftmost position, the most significant bit of ml is the top dot; the
least significant bit of ml is the second dot from the bottom; the most
significant bit of m2 is the bottom dot; and the other bits of m2 are ignored.
Other byte pairs are similar. The number of data bytes must be 2 x (nr
+ n2 x 256). At the end of bit-image printing the printer returns automatically to character mode.
DOWNLOAD
CHARACTER
COMMANDS
Copy standard characters from ROM into RAM
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Std.
< ESC >
“:”
CO>
<O>
<O>
27
58
0
0
0
lB3A
00
0000
IBM
< FS >
“:‘I
CO>
<O>
<O>
28
58
0
0
0
IC
00
00
3A
00
Copies all the standard characters to the corresponding download character RAM area, overwriting any download data already present. Ignored
when DIP switch 2-1 is ON.
Define draft download characters
Mode
Both
I
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
I
CO> nl
n2
m0
ml
m2
m3... ml1
“SC”
27
0 nl
n2 m0 ml m2
m3...mll
38
Hexadecimal
IB
26 00 nl
n2 m0 ml m2
m3...mll
Defines one or more new draft characters and stores them in RAM for
later use. DIP switch 2-l must be OFF; otherwise RAM is used as an
input buffer, not for downloading characters, and this command is ignored. Draft mode must be selected before this command is executed.
nl is the character code of the first character defined and n2 is the character
code of the last character defined. nl and n2 must both be between 32
and 127 or both be between 160 and 255. nl must be equal to or less than
n2. Use of character codes 32 (space) and 127 (delete code) should be
avoided if possible.
Each character is defined by an attribute byte (m0) and 11 data bytes
(ml, m2 ,..... mll).
The most significan bit of the attribute byte is 1 if the character is an
ascender (positioned entirely above the baseline) or 0 if it is a descender
(descending below the baseline). The attribute byte also indicates the
amount of white space to the left of the character (0 to 7 dots, specified
by bits 4 to 6), and the width of the character cell, including this space
(4 to 15 dots, specified by bits 0 to 3). The left space and cell width attributes are used only in proportional spacing.
Each data byte indicates eight vertical dots, with the MSB being the top
dot and the LSB the bottom dot. These correspond to pins 1 to 8 or 2
to 9 of the print head, depending on whether the character is an ascender
or descender.
For further details, please refer to the Appendix C.
Define NLQ download characters
IModel
Both
I .
I
ASCII
<ESCs
co>
nl
n2
m0
ml
m2
m3... m46
“&”
Decimal
21 38 0 nl
n2 m0 ml m2
m3... m46
I
Hexadecimal
1B
26
00
nl
n2 m0 ml m2
m3...m46
Defines one or more new NLQ characters and stores them in RAM for
later use. DIP switch 2-l must be OFF. NLQ mode must be selected before
this command is executed. The parameters are the same as for the draft
download character command except that the attribute byte specifies right
space instead of character width and the dot density is doubled in each
direction, so each character consists of 16 dots vertically and 23 dots
horizontally and requires 46 data bytes. Dots defined by ml to m23 are
printed on the first pass of the head. Dots defined by m24 to m46 are printed
on the second pass, the paper being scrolled up half a dot between the
two passes. For further details, please refer to the Appendix C.
I
Define download characters
1Mode I
I
ASCII
tl-
<ESC>
IBM
“=”
<DC4>
nl
a0
ml
n2
Decimal
27 38 nl n2
20 a0 al a.2
ml m2 ...mll
al
a2
m2 .-ml1
I
Hexadecimal
1B
26
nl
I
n2
14 a0 al a2
ml m2 ...mll
Defines one or more new draft characters and stores them in RAM for
later use. Draft mode must be selected before this command is executed.
nl and n2 give the number of bytes of character data that will follow.
a0 is the character code of the first character defined. al and a2 are attributes bytes. ml to ml1 are the character data, and are the same as in
< ESC > “&.” The attribute byte al indicates whether the character is
an ascender (not using the lowest of the nine vertical dots) or a descender
(not using the highest dot) and whether it has a downward extension to
12 dots.
The attribute byte a2 gives proportional-spacing
information.
Bit 7 is
ignored. Bits 4 to 6 specify the offset to the first byte printed (0 to 7),
enabling leading spaces in the character to be ignored. Bits 0 to 3 specify
the width of the character cell (maximum 11 dots). The character will
be followed by a mandatory blank dot column which is not included in
this width.
Characters defined by this command can be selected by < ESC > “%”
1, < ESC > “I” 4, < ESC > “I” 5, or < ESC > “I” 6. This command is
ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
Select download character set
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
L
<ESC>
‘. y. 7.
“ 1”
<ESC>
“o/o”
<I >
Hexadecimal
27 37 49
27 37 1
IB
25
31
1B
25
01
Selects the download character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
-.
Select draft download character set
IModel
IBM
ASCII
I
< ESC >
“1”
“4”
< ESC >
“I”
<4>
Decimal
27 73 52
27 73 4
I
Hexadecimal
IB
49
34
1B
49
04
I
Selects the download character set and draft quality. Ignored if the NLQ
Type Style switch was pressed during power-up or if DIP switch 2-l is
ON.
84
Select draft elite download character set
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
IBM
Hexadecimal
< ESC >
“I”
“5”
21
13
53
1B
49
35
< ESC >
“I”
<.5>
27
13
5
IB
49
05
Selects the download character set, draft quality, and elite pitch (12 cpi).
Ignored if the NLQ Type Style switch was pressed during power-up or
if DIP switch 2-1 is ON.
Select NLO download character set
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
IBM
<ESC>
“I”
< ESC >
“I”
“6”
<6>
Hexadecimal
21
13
54
1B
49
36
21
73
6
1B
49
06
Selects the download character set and near letter quality. Ignored if the
NLQ Type Style switch was pressed during power-up or if DIP switch
2-l is ON.
Select ROM character set
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
’
<ESC>
“% 77
<ESC>
“yo”
Hexadecimal
“0”
21
31
48
1B
25
30
co>
21
31
0
1B
25
00
Stops using the download character set and returns to the built-in ROM
character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
MACRO INSTRUCTION COMMANDS
Define macro instruction
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“+”
._._ <RSa
27
43
Hexadecimal
...
30
1B
2B
1E
Cancels any existing macro instruction and replaces it with the defined
instruction. The defined macro instruction consists of the characters
between the “ + ” and -ZRS > . These can be any printable characters
or control characters except < RS >, up to a maximum of 16 characters.
Execute macro instruction
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“+ ”
< 1>
21
43
Hexadecimal
1
Executes a previously defined macro instruction.
1B
2B
01
OTHER PRINTER
CONTROL
COMMANDS
Set MSB to 7
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“>”
27
Hexadecimal
62
1B
3E
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 1, allowing
users with a 7-bit interface to access characters with ASCII codes greater
than 127.
Set MSB to 0
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Std.
<ESC>
“=”
27
61
1B 3D
IBM
<FS>
“c”
28
61
IC
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent
3D
byte received to 0.
Accept MSB as is
Mode 1
Both
I
ASCII
<ESC>
1
Decimal
127
“#”
Cancels the preceding commands
it is sent to the printer.
35
Hexadecimal
IlB
23
and accepts the most significant bit as
Delete last character sent
Mode 1
ASCII
<DEL>
Both
I
Decimal
Hexadecimal
127
7F
Deletes the last character received. Ignored if the last character received
has already been printed, or if the last character received was all or part
of a command.
-
Cancel last line
Model
Both
ASCII
I
<CAN>
Deletes the last line currently
86
I
1 24
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
1 18
present in the print buffer.
hrmediate print
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“i”
< ESC >
“i”
“ 1”
<I>
Hexadecimal
27 105 49
1B 69
27 105
1B 69 01
1
31
Selects the immediate
print mode, in which the printer prints each
character as soon as received. At every pause in the incoming data stream
the printer scrolls the paper up about 2 inches so that the current line
can be seen. When the next character
is received the paper is scrolled
back down and printing continues.
This command is ignored when friction
feed is used.
Cancel immediate print
IModel
Both
ASCII
I
< ESC >
‘5”
“0”
< ESC >
“i”
co>
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
27 105 48
1B 69
27 105
1B 69 00
0
I
30
Cancels the immediate print mode. The printer waits for each line to be
completed before printing it, and does not scroll the paper up and down.
This command is ignored when friction feed is used.
Set prinfer off-line
Model
<DC3>
IBM
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Std.
19
“Q”
<3>
27
1
13
81
3
1B 51 03
Sets the printer off-line. The printer disregards all subsequent characters
and commands
except i DC1 >, which returns it to the on-line state.
The printer’s On Line indicator does not go off.
Set printer on-line
Mode
ASCII
Both
<DCl>
Decimal
17
Hexadecimal
11
Returns the printer to the on-line state, allowing it to receive and process
all subsequent
characters
and commands.
This command
is ignored if
the printer was set off-line by pressing the On Line switch on the control
panel.
Be//
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
1 7
<BEL>
07
Sounds a brief beep tone from the printer’s beeper.
Bidirectional printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“U”
CESC>
“U”
“0”
co>
Hexadecimal
27
85
48
1B
55
30
27
85
0
1B
55
00
Causes subsequent printing to be done in the normal bidirectional
which is faster than unidirectional printing.
mode,
Unidirectional printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“u”
“1”
27
85
49
1B
55
31
<ESC>
“U”
Cl>
27
85
1
1B
55
01
Causes subsequent printing to be done unidirectionally,
mum vertical alignment precision.
ensuring maxi-
One-line unidirectional printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
cESC>
‘C< ”
27
Hexadecimal
60
1B 3C
Immediately returns the print head to the left margin, then prints the
remainder of the line from left to right. Normal bidirectional printing
resumes on the next line.
Manual feed
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
<EM>
CO>
‘1( 1,
“ ( 7,
“0”
“ 1w
“)”
Hexadecimal
27
25
0
40
40
48
41
41
1B
19
00
28
28
30
29
29
Selects manual sheet feeding even when the optional automatic sheet
feeder is mounted. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
88
_
Auto
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
<EM>
‘I ( 12
“ ( 7.
<4>
“)”
“4”
L‘1.,
Hexadecimal
21
25
4
40
40
52
41
41
1B
I9
04
28
28
34
29
29
Selects the automatic sheet feeder. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF
inactive).
Eject paper from ASF
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
21
25
82
40
40
82
“(”
<EM>
“R”
“(”
“R”
‘7”
“)”
Hexadecimal
41
41
1B
19
52
28
28
52
29
29
Ejects the current page. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Set print start position on ASF
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“(W
<EM,
“(”
“T”
“T”
21 25 84
n
“)”
“)” n
Hexadecimal
n
40 40 84 41 41
1B 19 54
n
n
28 28 54 29 29 n
Skips n/6 inches at the top of the page, where n is equal to or greater than
1. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Reset printer
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“@”
21
64
Hexadecimal
1B
40
Reinitializes the printer. Clears the print buffer and returns settings to
their power-up values. Does not clear the input buffer or change ASF
selections.
89
MEMO
Appendix
c
DO W/i/LOAD
CHARACTER GENERATOR
With this printer you can create new characters and symbols, download
their dot data, and have them printed in place of selected characters in the
regular character set. Characters that can be generated in this way range
from simple but useful symbols like the check mark throughcomplex Chinese
or Japanese characters.
The process of designing new characters with paper and pencil is
somewhat time-consuming. The program listed in this appendix enables you
to do everything on the computer screen. It also enables you to maintain
disk files of character data for downloading when required.
The creation of a car-shaped symbol as a draft character
near-letter-quality character ( & ) is explained below.
( r> ) and
Draft character
I
ml m?
m3 m4
m5 m6
m7 m8 m9mlOmll
ASCII
Code
33
Descender
Start column
I
0
End column
I I
mO =
Descender
+ (Start
x 128
x 16)
f End
Dot
data 124 0
66
4
64
36 16
2
16
12
0
,
Figure C-1. Car symbol, drafl quality
91
t;
1
j
/
The dot matrix for a draft-quality character is 8 cells high and 11 cells
wide. Figure C-l shows the matrix with the car symbol filled in. Note that
there are no pairs of horizontally adjacent dots. The pins in the print head
cannot fire fast enough to print adjacent dots in the horizontal direction.
To the printer, a draft character is represented by 11 bytes of dot data,
one byte for each column. If you are working by hand, you can calculate
the data as shown in Figure C-l and enter them via the i ESC > “8~” < 0 >
printer command. If you use the program in this appendix, proceed as
follows.
The program starts by asking whether you want to read characters from
an existing file. If you are going to add the car symbol to a file of download
characters you have already generated, answer yes; if you are going to create
a new file, answer no. The arrow on the screen toggles between Yes and
No when any key except Return is pressed. The Return key enters your
choice.
In the same way the program asks you to select Standard or IBM mode
and draft or near letter quality, then to confirm whether to continue or start
over. Continuing, on the next screen the program asks what character you
want to redefine, offering the exclamation mark (!) as a suggestion. If you
want to print the car symbol in place of the exclamation mark, press Return.
If you want to assign the car symbol to another character, press the key
of that character.
Next you must choose whether to make the car symbol an ascender
or a descender. This determines how the character is seated on the line:
Ascender
Cal?
Descender
Cal?
After you press Return for the ascender/descender choice, the cursor enters
the character box. You can move the cursor with the numeric keypad. For
example, pressing the “6” key moves to the right; pressing the “3” key
moves diagonally down to the right. The function keys control the setting
and clearing of dots. After Fl is pressed the cursor clears the dot in each
position it is moved to. F3 causes the cursor to set dots. F2 allows the cursor
to pass over dots without either setting or clearing them.
In draft mode a dot position is a 2x2 character block with the cursor
located in the upper left corner of the block. When a dot is set, a 2x3 block
of sharp signs is displayed, partly overlapping the dot position to the right.
This reflects the fact that the printer cannot print horizontally adjacent dots.
The program automatically censors adjacent dots.
By moving the cursor and pressing the Fl, F2, and F3 keys you can
quickly build up the dot pattern. If necessary you can clear all dots by pressing
F4 and start over. When the character is complete, press Return to store
the dot data in the computer’s memory. The program will clear the character
box and ask you to select the next character. to design.
When you have finished designing characters, press the F6 key. The
program will ask you whether you want to save, download, and print the
characters you have designed. If you answer Yes to all three questions, your
characters will be saved on a disk file and downloaded to the printer, and
the entire character set from character 33 (!) to character 126 (- ) will be
printed out.
At any point while you are selecting or designing characters you can
press F5 to skip the current character and proceed to the next character.
The program does not allow you to redefine the space character, or to
define any other character as an all-blank character. Nor can you assign
character codes less than 33 or greater than 126 to the characters you define.
NLQ character
First
...m.?3 Second
ml...
. ..m46
pass m24...
17nllllllllrlllllllIlIII111
.-.,
pass
,28
ASCII
Code
33
I
Descender
64
64
Left space:
0
0
Right space:
13
32
16
,c
I”
8
4
2
lot
data
1st: 14
38
16
2nd:
-.
28
14
32640
--^
70
70
I
I4
126
0
I
14
0
0
0
0
70
0
38
9
22
9
6
6
6
0
6
64 32
16 0
0
0
129 0
14 12
0
12 12 14 I4
lrgure c-z. tiar symbol, near letter quality
m0 =Descender
x 128
4. (L&t ” ,fi, I & c2inb.t
a
.11,
A
I”
If you select near letter quality, the character box is the same size but
now has 16 (high) x 23 (wide) dot positions. Each dot is represented by two
adjacent sharp signs, occupying its own position and the position to the right.
This reflects the fact that the printer still cannot print horizontally adjacent
dots, but that even skipping every other dot, the dots appear joined when
printed.
A near-letter-quality character is represented by 46 bytes of dot data,
two bytes for each column. Near-letter-quality characters are printed in two
passes of the print head, the paper scrolling half a dot up between the passes.
The first 23 bytes of dot data represent the first pass; the next 23 bytes
represent the second pass. In each column the first, third, fifth, ... dots belong
to the first-pass byte and the second, fourth, sixth, . .. dots belong to the
second-pass byte.
A maximum of 78 near-letter-quality
characters can be defined.
The file created by this program contains the following printer commands:
1.
2.
3.
< ESC > “:” CO> <O> <O> (standardmode)or
<FS> “:” <O>
< 0 > < 0 > (IBM mode) to copy the printer’s regular characters into
download memory. If you leave a download character undefined, the
regular character will be printed.
< ESC > “x” < 0 > or < ESC > “x” < 1 > to select draft or near letter
quality.
One <ESC> “&” <O> <cc> <cc> <a> <pl> . ..commandfor
each character defined. < cc > is the character code, < a > is the attribute
byte, and <pl > .. . are the 11 (draft) or 46 (near letter quality) bytes
of dot data. This program uses only the most significant bit of the attribute byte. It does not set the other bits, which are concerned with
proportional spacing.
This program is coded in Microsoft BASIC for IBM-PC. The WIDTH
255 command in line 1010 means infinite line width and prevents the
computer from inserting unwanted line feeds in the character data. Some
versions of BASIC do not need the WIDTH command. Check your BASIC
manual and make any changes necessary.
_
.
c
c
L
c
Dor#pgLo*D
CHARACTER
GENERATOR
*t**tt**t..*.**.*t**t
1000 ‘*..*.**.**t.*.**.**.**
1010 WIDTH "LPT1:".255 :KEY OFF :CLS
1020 DIM A(1261, P(126.23). Q(126,23). DT(16.24) :EB-CHRS(271 :R$-CHRS(28)
1030 KEY 1. CHR$(7)
:KEY 2. CHR$(.Sj :KEY 3, CHR$(P)
1040 KEY 4, CHRS(10) :KEY 5, CHRS(l1) :KEY 6. CHRb(l2)
1050 FOR I-33 TO 126 :A(I)--1 :NEXT i
1060 '__-__-_-----___--_~-~~--~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~-~~-~~~-~~--~--~--~~-~~~~~~~~
1070 LOCATE 1.1 :PRINT STRING$(25,62);
1080 PRINT u DOWNLOAD CHARACTER GENERATOR ":STRINGSL25,60)
1090
1100 LOCATE 3.1 :PRINT "READ CHARACTERS FROM EXISTING FILE?"
1110 SOS-"Yes" :Sl$-"No" :S--1 :PX-4 :PY-1 :GOSUB 3020 :IF S THEN 1320
1120 o---__ Open existing file -----_--__------_--_---------------------------1130 LOCATE 4.20
1140 INPUT "File name";FI$
1150 OPEN "R"*#l ,FIS I48
1160 FIELD #1,4B AS AS
~~ma”ds
----_-------------_-____________________--1170 '----- Read 2 initial
1100 GET #l,l
1190 IF MIDJ(A$,4,1)-ES THEN Im-0 ELSE IBM--l
1200 IF MIDS(AS,3,1)-"0" THEN NLQ-0 ELSE NLQ--1~
1210 IF NLQ THEN WI-23 :HI-16 ELSE WI-11 :HI-B
-___--------__-_________________________1220 *-T-M- Read da,.. f,,r1 ,--,arac.er
1230 FOR CC-33 TO 126 :&f-CC-31
1240 GET X1.M :IF LEFTS(AS.l)-CHRS(O) THEN A(CC)--1 :GOTO 1310
1250 A(CC)-ASC(MIDS(AS.2.1))
1260 FOR Y-l TO WI
1270 P(CC,Y)-ASCU4IDt(A.$.Y+2.1)) :NEXT Y
1280 IF NLQ-0 THEN 1310
1290 FOR Y-l TO WI
1300 Q(CC.Y)-ASCU'IID$(At.Y+25.1)) :NEXT Y
1310 NEXT CC :CLOSE 1
1320 *---_- Selact Std./IBM -_-----------_--_--_------------------------------1330 LOCATE 6.1 :PRINT &SELECT MODE"
1340 SOS-"Standard mode (DIP SW. l-6 ON I"
1350 SlS-"IBM mode
(DIP SW. l-6 OFF)"
1360 S-IBM :PX-7 :PY-1 :GOSUB 3020 :IBM-S
1370 IF IBM THEN HDS-R$+":"+STRINGS(3.0) ELSE HDI-ES+":"+STRINGJ(3,0)
--------_--__------------------------------------1380 s----- Select Draft/ma
1390 LOCATE 9.1 :PRINT "SELECT QUALITY"
1400 SOS-"Draft quality" :SlS-"Near letter quality"
1410 S-NLQ :PX-10 :PY-1 :GOSUB 3020 :NLQ-S
1420 IF NLQ THEN HDS-CHRS(27)+"xl"+HDS :WI-23 :HI-16 :GOTO 1440
1430 HDS-CHRS(271+"xO"+HDS :WI-11 :HI-8
1440 PLS-STRINGSi24."+") :HYS-STRING5(24."-")
1450 CC-33 :CHS-"!"
1460 *----_ Select Continue/Start over ___-----__--__-_________________________
1470 LOCATE 12.1 :PRINT "CONTINUE?"
1480 SOS-"Continue" :SlS-"Start over"
1490 S-O :PX-13 :PY-1 :GOSUB 3020 :IF S THEN CLS :GOTO 1070
lSO0
1510
1520 CLS :IF NLQ THEN 1540
1530 LOCATE 1,3~:PRINT "1 2 3 4 5 6 7 B 9 0 1
- :GOTO 1550
1540 LOCATE 1.3 :PRINT "12345678901234567B901234"
1550 LOCATE 2.3 :PRINT "++++++++++++++++++++++++"
1560 FOR N-1 TO 16
1570 IF NLQ THEN LOCATE N+2.1 :PRINT RIGHT$tSTRS~N,.l,;:GOTO 1590
lSB0 IF N MOD 2 -1 THEN LOCATE Nc2.1 :PRINT RIGIFTS~~S~~N+11/2~,1~;
1590 LOCATB N+2,2 :PRINT ":":SPC(24):"I" :NEXT
N
1600 LOCATE 19.3 :PRINT "++++++++++++++++++++++++"
a_---_
Select
,-haracter
-__-__--____-_-----------------------------------1610
1620 CHS-CHRS(CC1
1630 LOCATE 1.40 :PRINT "SELECT CHARACTBR I";CHS;"l";
1640 IS-INPmS(l) :IF u "<I$ AND IS<CHRt(l27) THEN CHS-IS ELSE GOT0 1660
1650 CC-ASC(CHS)
1660 LOCAW 1.40 :PRINT "SELECTED CHARACTER : ";CHS:" "
1670 a----- Ascender or desc,,nder?---_--_-------_--_-------------------------1680 SOS-"Ascender" :S15-"Descender"
1690 S-(A(CC)-0)
:PX-3 :PY-40 :GOSUB 3020 :DES-S
1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
2070
2080
2090
2100
2110
2120
2130
2140
2150
2160
2170
2180
2190
2200
2210
2220
2230
2240
2250
2260
2270
2280
2290
2300
2310
2320
2330
2340
2350
2360
2370
2380
2390
96
I_____ Key explanatio"s ------------_-------------~------~---------------LOCATE 10.40 :PRINT "Fl: Clear dot"
LOCATE 11.40 :PRINT "F2: Pass over”
LOCATE 12.40 :PRINT "F3: Set dot"
LOCATE 13.40 :PRINT "F4: Clear all dots"
LOCATE 14.40 :PRINT "F5: Skip character"
LOCATE 15.40 :PRINT "F6: End"
LOCATE 16.40 :PRINT "RET Record character"
a----- Get ,--,ara,-ter
~__~~~~~-~~~___-~~_~____________________------------IF A(CC)<O THEN GOSUB 3220 :GOTO 1950
IF NLQ THEN 1870
I----- Draft character
FOR Y-1 TO li :WT-128 :FOR X-l TO 8
IF (P(CC.Y) AND WT)-0 THEN 1850
DT(X,Y)-1 :DT(X,Y+l)-2 :BX-X :BY-Y :CSS-"XXI" :GOSUB 3700
WT-.J'WT :NEXT X,Y
:GOTO 1940
I----- NLQ character
FOR Y-l TO 23 :Wl--128 :FOR X-l TO 15 STEP 2
IF (P(CC,Y) AND WT)-0 THEN GOT0 1900
DT(X,Y)-1 :DT(X,Y+l)-2 :BX-X :BY-Y :CSS-"CX" :GOSUB 3730
IF (R(CC.Y) AND wT)-0 THEN GOT0 1920
DT(X+l.Y)-1 :DT(X+l.Y+l)-2 :BX-X+1 :BY-Y :CSS-"lit" :GOSUB 3730
WT-.5*WT :NEXT X.Y
I----- Modify & plot character ------------------------------------------X-l :Y-1
FOR Z-10 TO 12 :LOCATE 2.38 :PRINT " " :NEXT Z
ST-2 :LOCATE 11.38 :PRINT uu :IF NLQ THEN 2180
I----- Draft character
IF DT(X.Y)-2 THEN CSS-CHRS(2)+" o :GOTO 2050
IF DT(X,Y)-0 THEN 2020
IF ST-1 THEN DT(X.Y)-0 :DT(X.Y+l)-0 :CSI-STRINGS(3,l)t" u :GOTO 2050
CSS-STRINGS(3,2)+" u :GOTO 2050
IF ST<3 THEN CSS-STRINGS(2.1) :GOTO 2050
IF DT(X.Y+l)-1 THEN CSS-STRINGJ(2.1) :GOTO 2050
DT(X,Y)-1 :DT(X,Y+l)-2 :CS$-STRINGS(3.2)+" u
GOSUB 3680
SS-ST :BX-X :BY-Y :GOSUB 3110 :IF SS-ST THEN 2140
IF ST>3 THEN 2100
FOR Z-10 TO 12 :LOCATE 2.38 :PRINT * u :NEXT Z
LOCATE 9+ST,38 :PRINT "II :GOTO 1980
IF ST-4 THEN GOSUB 3220
:GOTO 1950
IF ST-5 THEN GOSUB 3220
:GOTO 1520
IF ST-6 THEN 2410
IF ST-7 THEN 3260
IF DT(BX,BY)-2 THEN CSS-"I " :GOTO 2170
IF DT(BX,BY)-1 THEN CSS-"### " :GOTO 2170
IF DT(BX.BY)-0 AND DT(BX.BY+l)-0 THEN CSS-"
" ELSE CSt-"
"
GOSUB 3700 :GOTO 1980
I----- NLQ character
IF DT(X,Y)-2 THEN CSt-CHRS(2) :GOTO 2260
IF DT(X.Y)-0 THEN 2230
IF ST-1 THEN DT(X.Y)-0 :DT(X.Y+l)-0 :CSS-STRINGS(2.1) :GOTO 2260
CSS-STRINGS(2.2) :GOTO 2260
IF ST<3 THEN CSS-CHRS(1) :GOTO 2260
IF DT(X.Y+l)-1 THEN CSS-CHRS(1) :GOTO 2260
DT(X,Y)-1 :DT(X,Y+l)-2 :CS$-STRINGS(2.2)
GOSUB 3720
SS-ST :BX-X :BY-Y :GOSUB 3110 :IF SS-ST THEN 2360
'
IF ST>3 THEN 2320
FOR Z-10 TO 12 :LOCATE 2.38 :PRINT o u :NEXT Z
LOCATE 9+ST,38 :PRINT mn :GOTO 2180
IF ST-4 THEN GOSUB 3220 :GOTO 1950
IF ST-5 THEN GOSUB 3220 :GOTO 1520
IF ST-6 THEN 2410
IF ST-7 THEN 3260
'
IF DT(BX,BY)-2 THEN CS5-"#" :GOTO 2400
IF DT(BX.BY)-1 THEN CSE-"#I" :GOTO 2400
" ELSE CSS-" "
IF DT(BX,BY+l)-0 THEN CS5-"
-
2400
GOSUB 3730 :GOTO 2180
2410 I----- Wrap-"P ---~__~.___--___--_____________________-~-~~~-~----~--~~~~~
2420 CLS :LOCATB 1.1 :PRINT "SAVE TO FILE?"
2430
S--l :PX-2 :PY-1 :SOI-"Yes" :Sl$-"No" :GOSUB 3020
2440 1 IF S THEN 2530
2450
LOCATE 5.10 :PRINT "Output file name [";FI$;"] ";
2460
INPUT F00
2470
IF Fob-"" AND FI$-"" THEN 2450
2480
IF FOO-"" THEN FOO-FI$
2490 OPEN "R" Xl FOS 48
2500
FIELD #1:48’AS
i5
2510
LSET A$-HD$+STRING5(4B-LEN(HDB).Ol :PUT #l.L
2520
GOSUB 3420 :CLOSE 1
2530
2540
LOCATE 7.1 :PRINT "DQWNLOAD TO PRINTER? (DIP SWITCH 2-l MUST BE OFF)"
S-O :PX-8 :PY-1 :SO$-"Yes" :SlS-"No" :GOSUB 3020
2550
2560
IF S THEN END
2570
LOCATE 11.1 :PRINT "PRINT CHARACTER SET?"
2580
S-O :PX-12 :PY-1 :SOS-"Yes" :SlS-"No" :GOSUB 3020
2590 IF S THEN END
2600
LOCATE 15.1 :PRINT "WHICH MONITOR ARE YOU USING?"
2610 S-O :Sl$-"COLOR" :SO$-"MONOCRO" :PX-16 :PY-1 :GOSUB 3020 :PB-S
2620
GOSUB 3500 :LPRINT ES;"3";CHRS(50);
2630
FOR CC-33 TO 126 :LPRINT CHR$(CC);" "::NEXT CC
2640
LPRINT STRING$(lO.lO) :PRINT STRINGS(5.10) :END
3000
3010 ~--3020
3030
3040
3050
3060
3070
3080
I-----
3110
3120
3130
3140
3150
3160
3170
3180
I-----
SIJBRO~~INES-~~~------~--~~~-~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Sa)ector
routina---------------------------------------------------
LOCATE PX.PY :PRINT u
";SOI
";Sl$
LOCATE PX+l,PY :PRINT o
IF NOT S THEN 3060 ELSE 3070
LOCATE PX,PY :PRINT "-->" :LOCATE PX+l.PY :PRINT u
u :LDCATE PX,PY
S THEN 3080 ELSE 3090
IF
II :LOCATE PX+l.PY :PRINT "-->" :LOCATE PX,PY
LOCATE PX.PY :PRINT "
3090 I$-INPUTJ(1) :IF IE<>CHRS(13) THEN S-NOT S :GOTO 3050
3100
REIWRN
c
L
c
c
Input
check
___-____--__---__-________F_____________---------------
IS-INPUTS(l) :SK-ASC(I5) :FK-VAL(IS1
IF SK>6 AND SK<14 THEN ST-SK-6 :GOTO 3210
IF FK-0 OR FK-5 THEN 3120
IF FK MOD 3 - 0 THEN Y-Y+1
IF FK MOD 3 - 1 THEN Y-Y-l
IF FK >6 THEN X-X-l
IF FK <4 THEN X-X+1
3190 IF ;'>WITHBN Y-WI ELSE IF Y<l THEN Y-l
3200
IF X>HI THEN X-HI ELSE IF X<l THEN X-l
3210
RETURN
~_____ clear al) dots __-________--__-___-____________________-----------3220
3230
FOR N-l TO 16 :LOCATB N+2,3 :PRINT SPC(24) :NEXT N
3240
FOR X-l TO HI :FOR Y-l TO WI :DT(X,Y)-0 :NEXT Y,X
3250
ST-2
:X-l :Y-1 :Rl?TURN
~_____ store =haracter da+.*__-______-------_----------------------------3260
3270
FL-O
3280
IF DES THEN A(CC)-0 ELSE A(CC)-128
3290 IF NLQ THEN ZA-15 :ZB-2 ELSE ZA-0
:ZB-1
3300
FOR Y-l TO WI :WT-128 :P(CC.Y)-0 :Q(CC,Y)-0
FOR X-l TO ZA STEP ZB
3310
IF NLQ THEN Q(CC,Y)-Q(CC,Y)+WT*(DT(X+l.Y) AND 11
3320
3330
P(CC.Y)-P(CC,Y)+WT*(DT(X.Y) AND 11
3340
3350
3360
3370
3380
wr-.5*wr
NEXT X
FL-FL+P(CC.Y)+Q(CL,Y)
NEXT Y
IF FL-O THEN A(CC)--1
3390 BEEP
3400
CC-CC+1 :IF CC-127 THEN CC-33
3410
GOSUB 3220 :GOTO 1510
c----- Output to Diskette -___-________--__---____________________-------3420
3430
FOR CC-33 TO 126 :M-CC-31
3440
IF A(CC)--1 THEN BS-STRINGO(48.0) :GOTO 3480 ELSE BS-CHRS(l)+CHRS(A(CC))
3450
3460
3470
3480
3490
3500
3510
3520
3530
3540
3550
3560
3570
3580
3590
3600
3610
3620
3630
3640
3650
FOR Y-l TO WI :BS-BS+CHRS(P(C!C.Y)) :NEXT Y
IF NOT NLQ THEN BS-BS+STRINGS(35.0)
:GOTO 3480
FOR Y-l TO WI :BS-BS+CHRS(Q(CC.Y)) :LEXT Y
LSET AS-B5 :PUT #l,M
NEXT CC :RETURN
~_---- Output to printer -----------------___----------------------------LPRINT HDS;
FOR CC-33 TO 126
IF A(CC)<O TEEN 3580
LPRINT E5;"6";CHR5(O);STRING5(2,CC);:Z-A(CC)
:GOSUB 3600
FOR Y-l TO WI :Z-P(CC.Y) :GOSUB 3600 :NEXT Y
IF NOT NLP THEN 3580
FOR Y-l TO WI :Z-Q(CC,Y) :GOSUB 3600 :NEXT Y
NEXT CC
LPRINT E5:"%1"::RETURN
'
IF PB THEN 3640
PP-INP(SHBBD) :IF
PP<128 THEN 3620
OUT 6H3BC.Z :OUT 6HHJBE.5 :OUT 6H3BE.4 :GOTO 3660
PP-INP(Mi379) :IF PP<128 THEN 3640
OUT 6H378.Z :OUT SH37A.5
:OUlhH37A.4
3660
3670
RETURN
I-----
plot
charact,,=
3680
LOCATE X*2+1.Y*2+1
3690 LOCATE X'2+2.Y*2+1
3700 LOCATE BX"2+1.BY"2+1
3710 LOCATE BX'2+2,BY*2+1
3720
LOCATE X+2.Y+2
3730
LOCATE BX+2,BY+Z
98
--------------------------------------------------
:PRINT
:PRINT
:PRIM
:PRINT
:PRINT
:PRINT
CSt
css
CSS
CS5
css
CS5
:RETURN
:RETURB
:REluRN
:RETURN
-
CHARACTER SETS
This appendix gives tables of the printer’s standard and IBM character
sets.
The decimal character code of each character is shown in an inset to
the lower right of the character.
The hexadecimal code can be found by reading the entries at the top
and left edges of the table. For example, the character “A” is in column 4
and row 1, so its hexadecimal character code is 41. This is equivalent (4 x
16 + 1 = 65) to decimal 65, the number in the inset.
Control codes recognized by this printer are indicated by abbreviations
inside pointed brackets < > .
< Sample >
r
HexaAPcid
o
2
1
<NUL>
3
Character
Hexadecimal value
(high order)
1
4
5
6
I
7
-0.81----P---‘,-.P-
Control code
L Decimal value
Hexadecimal value
(low order)
99
STANDARD CHARACTER SET
8
<B
8
9
<HT>
1 24
<EM>
9
2s
p
1 56
)
9
41
[ 72
I
57
[ 88
Y
13
104
120
iy
89
105
-
3
<DC3> #
131
4
147
3
/iG-
<DC4> $
132
148
4
164
c
179
s
r 195
D
c
211
s
1227
243
T
(196
244
101
IBM CHARACTER
Hexadecimal
1
n
”
o
SET #2
1
2
1161
I
~O~OIPI‘IP~
1321
1481
1641
I
I
1
1A
<NUL>
1
101
I
<DCl>
1
I
4
’ I 5I 6I ’
3
r-‘pr
17
j- 49
1801
1
Q
j--65
1961
I
11121
a
j- 81
113
3
--lY---li.--JYI
B
C
D
E
P
102
_
<I
1 II
<FF>
1 27
1 43
<FS>
1 59
<
j-?r~~~
' 44
<CR>
*
1 75
l-ii-l-G- 146
<SI>
-/-
>
1107
L
\
1
60
76
pTj-1
_lMll-lm-lL-I
61
<so>
1 91
1
1 77
N
1
1 93
*
l-F
n
1123
:
108
124
1109
1125
1
N
1126
---
>
103
IBM CHARACTER
Other characters
The
obtain
<ESC>
>
SET #l
identical
of
functions
command.
codes
the
IBM
set
systems
significant
a
is
to
interface
by
ADDITIONAL CHARACTER SET
In IBM mode, additional characters can
be printed by special commands.
105
INTERNATIONAL
CHARACTER
SETS
When an international character set is selected by DIP switches 2-2 to
2-4 or by a command from software, the following changes are made in the
character set:
country
35 I 36
U.S.A.
FRANCE
GERMANY
DENMARK
+E
1
SWEDEN
ITALY
91 I92
93 94 I 96
-
# $-8
,.
.
8$h
=F
#. .
s
+
7
#IS 0
iile
xb T
.. Ih
#I$ Q I\
sls @ i R
# $Q r Y -I
T# DT IE 0 A ii16
#I$ T +K: 0 T
# $ -i- i R -i
T# $ -ii-i Sl i
0 %-[ \ I- - I#I$ %
ENGLAND
-64
$
$
A
.
A
.
a
c
a.
.
+
1241125 12f
-
I
1
+D
6
ijlii
-
: ) 0 d *6 a ii
-T
l
SPAIN 1
JAPAN
-+
NORWAY
DENMARK
2
SPAIN 2
LATIN AMERICA
DENMABK/NoBwA
6
Iii
fl
:
*0
0
+n
fib
) 1 a
-
ii
8 - ii
6 ti
-
ti
-
0Y
0Y
0Y
20 0
See page 17 for the DIP switch settings.
The commands for selecting the international
Standard mode: < ESC > “R” n
character sets are:
IBM mode: <FS > “R” n
Where n means character code n, i.e. CHR$ (n) in BASIC. The values of
n are:
0 U.S.A
5 Sweden
10 Denmark II
1 France
6 Italy
11 Spain II
2 Germany
7 Spain I
12 Latin America
3 England
8 Japan
13 Denmark/Norway
4 Denmark I
9 Norway
106
INDEX
/Al
Absolute horizontal tab, 79, 80
Ascender, 83, 84, 92
Auto feed, 89
Automatic carriage return, 16
Automatic line feed, 17, 77
Automatic sheet feeder, 6, 16, 56. 89
IBI
Backspace, 77
Bail lever, 2, 7, 8, 9, II, 12
BASIC, 25, 40, 94
Beeper, 20, 24-29. 88
<BEL>, 88
Bidirectional printing, 88
Bit-image printing, 37, 45. 51, 80-82
Bold printing, 62
Bottom margin, 73, 74
Buffer, 17, 28, 53
/cI
Cancel command, 86
Carriage return, 77
Centering, 78
Channels of vertical tab stops, 75
Character codes, printing of all, 65
Character sets, 54, 63-64, 99-106
Character size and pitch commands, 66
Character spacing, 68
Cleaning, 47
Column width, 32, 55
Commercial software, 32-35
Condensed pitch, 21, 51
Connector, 3. 5
Control panel, 19
Courier type style, 22, 60, 61
ID/
Delete, 86
Descender, 83, 84, 92
Dimensions of printer, 55
DIP switches, 14-17, 33, 50, 51, 53, 63, 64,
65, 72. 74, 82-85. 88, 89
DOS commands, 37-40
Dot matrix size, 54
Double-size characters, 69, 70
Double-strike printing, 62
Download characters, 17, 51, 54, 82-84,
91-98
Draft quality, 22, 59, 60, 82, 84, 91-93
El
Electrical specifications, 55-56
Elite pitch, 21, 60. 66, 85
Emphasized printing, 51, 61
Emulation, 16, 31, 53
Entry slot, 3
Environmental requirements, 1. 56
Epson printers, 31
Escape code, 32, 35
Escape sequences, 59
Expanded printing, 67
El
Fanfold forms:
loading, 9, 50
parking, II, 26
specifications, 55
unparking, 12
Fixed spacing, 68
Font control commands, 59
Form feed, 74
El
Gap, 14
Graphics, 37, 45, 51. 80-82
/H/
Hard copy, 37
Hexadecimal dump, 24-26
Horizontal position commands, 76
Horizontal tabulation, 51, 79
El
IBM character sets, 64, 102-105
IBM mode, 16, 22, 46
IBM-PC, 25.26
IBM printers, 31
Immediate print, 87
Initialization sequence, 33
Installing software, 31
107
Interface:
specifications, 53
signals, 56
test, 13
International characters, 27.51,64,106
Italic printing, 22, 61
ml
Justification, 78
El
Label printing, 50
Left margin, 28, 76. 77
Line feed, 72
Line spacing, 50. 55, 70-72
Locating the printer, 1
ml
Macro instruction, 85
Maintenance, 47
Manual feed, 88
Margins:
bottom, 73, 74
left, 28, 76. 77
right, 28. 76. 77
top, 7, 73, 74
Master print mode, 68
Micro-feed, 27-28
Microjustification, 68
Most significant bit, 86
INI
Near letter quality, 22, 60. 83, 85. 93-94
NLQ Type Style switch, 22, 24
(01
Off-line, 20, 87
On Line switch, 20, 24.87
Orator type style, 16. 22, 60
Overlining, 62
El
Page feed, 27, 74
Page length, 16. 73
Page. width, 32, 55
Panel pitch, 24
Panel style, 24
Paper Feed switch, 20. 24.26, 27, 28
Paper feed, 7-12.53
Paper guide, 6, II
Paper specifications, 55
Paper-out detector, 16.50, 74
Parking, 11-12, 26
Pause, 20, 35
Pica pitch, 21. 66
Pitch, 21. 24. 34, 55, 66
Platen knob, 2. 3
Power cord, 6
Power indicator, 20
Power switch, 3
Print Pitch switch, 21, 24-28
Print head, 47-49. 50. 53
Printer commands, 39, 51, 59
Printing gap adjustment, 14
Printing mechanism, 53
Proportional pitch, 21.67
Programming, 38-46
PrtSc key, 37
m
Quadruple-size
-.
characters, 69
IR1
Rear cover, 3. IO
Release lever, 3, 7. 9
Reset printer, 89
Reverse line feed, 72
Reverse micro-feed, 27-28
Ribbon cartridge, 5, 47, 53
Right margin, 28. 76, 77
ROM character set, 85
lxl
Sanserif type style, 22, 60
Self tests, 12, 13, 23-24
Setting up, 3
Single sheets:
manual loading, 8
semiautomatic loading, 7
specifications, 55
Slash zero, 65
Small capitals, 16, 22
Software, 31-35
Specifications, 53-57
Sprocket feed, 9-12.53
Standard character set, 17.63, 100-101
Standard mode, 16. 17.21.46
Star printers, 31
Subscripts, 63
Superscripts, 63
El
Tabulation, 51, 73. 75, 76. 77
Test patterns, 12, 13, 23, 24
Top cover, 3.4.5
Tractor feed, 9-13. 53
Troubleshooting, 50.51
Type style, 22. 34, 54. 60, 61
@I
Underlining, 62
Unidirectional printing, 88
Unpacking and inspection, 1
Unparking, 12
El
Vertical tabulation, 75
Zero (slash or nomal), 65
E
NX-1000
MULTI-FONT PRINTER
REFERENCE CARD
L
L
POWER-UP
L-
In addition to their normal functions, all the control panel switches
have special functions that operate if you hold them down while switching
pouer on.
FUNCTIONS
l-
COURIER
E
SANSERIF
ORATOR
SWITCH
COMBINATION
Several additional
functions
panel switches in combinatmns
FUNCTIONS
cw be obtained
by pressing
Reverse mcro-feed
L
COURIER
SANSERIF
ORATOR
Top of form
the control
Function
ON
Page length
I I inches
Auto CR
Yes
Orator
Small car,
lower case
Auto sheet feeder
Inactive
Paper-out
Enabled
Printer
detector
mode
Italics
Character set (IBM Mode)
Set #2
Auto
1
Usage of RAM
s-=-JActive
LF
ON
International
character
set
(See below)
ON
character
* Denmark/Norway
I
-
ON
International
Note:
ON
No
3-4
1
1
Buffer
2-2
2-3
1 Factorv
Standard
C’harxter set (Std. Mode)
I-G2-l
OFF
sets:
when
switch
1-6 is OFF
and switch
DIP switches
are read only at power-up.
before changing a DIP switch setting.
Switch
1-7 is ON.
power
off
-
PRINT
Standard
PITCH
SELECTION
mode
Elite
Pica
1 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
< ESC > “M”
m
1234567890
1234567890
+
1234567890
123456789012
123456789012
<ESC>
“~‘3
123456789012
4
El
L-
1?11;;1,T1",7El!~012
A
CHR$(18)
CHR$(lS)
CHR$(18)
CHR$(l5)
7
1234557a9oi234557
T
< ESC ’ “M”
12345678901234567
12345676901234567 M
*
12345678901234567 < ESC > “~33
Condensed Pica
12345579901234557m
12345678901234567890
12345678901234567090
1?345678901234567890
Condensed
Elite
IBM mode
Pica
Elite
< ESC > “:”
l ::i::ii;:l,i”;6-~i:ii’70< ESC > “M”
p!;“! y,;&7$$i(,j,?
1234567890
123456789012
1234567890
1234567890
)
123456789012
4
CHR$( 18)
123456789012
< ESC > “M"
!2345678?01?34557
12345678901234567
12345678901234567
12345678901234567
Condensed Pica
COMMAND
SUMMARY
IN NUMERIC
ORDER
FUNCTION
PAGE
Bell
88
Backspace
77
Horizontal
Line
79
tab
72
feed
Vertical
15
tab
Form
74
feed
Carriage
77
return
Expanded
printing
for
Condensed
pnnting
set printer
on-hne
Cancel
Pica
one line
87
bh
printing
bb
pttch
Set printer
87
off-line
one-line
expanded
last line
Delete
last character
line
Return
Manual
12
of current
prmt
Condensed
for
page
X8
89
feed
EJeCt
paper
from
start
Select
master
Accept
MSB
positmn
prmt
Select
download
gaphics
Define
macro
character
set
Slop
underllning
underlmmg
verttcal
x4
82
characters
81
mode
macro
79
85
set
85
mstruction
Stxrt
Set line
X6
character
Select
Selecr
68
68
tab m inches
download
89
mode
as is
ROM
Execute
on ASF
spacmg
howontal
Select
Define
x9
ASF
character
Absolute
85
instruction
b2
62
tab channel
spaang
to
75
70
I :8 inch
Set hne spacmp
to 7 72 Inch
71
Set line
to
71
Execute
spacing
< ESC >
Szt I\ne spacrng
Select
Set top
Select
Cancel
-
66
feed
Auto
lncreaae
14
67
one line
prmting
Set print
d
67
86
sent
feed
to top
Expanded
prmhng
86
Cancel
Reverse
67
66
condensed
Cancel
-
ttahc
inch
at current
posttmn
line
73
bl
characters
line
?I
61
characters
automatic
Set auromatlc
71
“A”
to n’216
of page
uprqht
I :6 mch
d
feed
feed
77
17
Select
IBM
character
set #2
64
Select
IBM
character
set #I
64
-
MODE
IBM
STD
STD
IBM
CONTROL
CODE
< ESC > “8”
< ESC > “9”
< ESC > “:”
<ESC>
“:” <O>
<ESC>
<ESC>
“<”
/I=(’
cESC>
“=”
<ESC>
“>”
FUNCTION
co>
<I,>
nl n2 <DC4>
-CESC > “?” n m
< ESC > “(nt”
<ESC>
“A”n
<ESC>
“B” nl n2
<II>
<ESC>
“C” <O> n
< ESC > “C” n
<ESC>
“D” nl nZ......<O,
< ESC -, “E”
< ESC > “F”
< ESC > “G”
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
: ;g
;
:‘::;,
. 3
< ESC > “I” I
< ESC > “I” 2
< ESC > “1“ 3
<
<
<
<
<
ESC
ESC
ESC
ESC
ESC
>
>
>
>
>
“I” 4
“I” 5
“I“ 6
“1” 7
“.I” n
< ESC > “K” nl n2 ml 1x2
s: ESC a “1” nl iI2 ml I?12
< ESC > “M”
STD
IBM
IBM
IRM
STD
IBM
STD
c k.sC > “N”
< ESC > “0”
< 6SC > “P”
<ESC>
“P”
<ESC>
“P”
<ESC>
“Q”
n
<O)
<I >
<3>
< ESC > “Q” n
< ESC > -R“
< ESC > “R” n
c ESC > “S” 0
< ESC
. > “S’
. 1
< ESC‘ > “T”
<
<
<
<
i
ESC
ESC
ESC
ESC
tsc
>
>
>
>
>
“U”
“U”
“W”
“W”
“X”
0
I
0
I
nl n2
da1
Disable paper-out detector
Enable paper-out detector
Elite pitch
Copy standard characters from
ROM into RAM
One-line unidtrectional
printmg
Set MSB to 0
a2ml...
Define download characters
Set MSB to I
Convert graphics densit!
Reset printer
Set line spacrng to n/72 inch
Set vertical tab stops
Set page length to n inches
Set page length to n lines
Set horvontal
tab $tops
Emphasized printmg
Cancel emphasired prinilng
Double-strike
pr,nt,“g
Cancel doublwlrike
punting
Select draft quaht:; <h<tractcrr
Select draft ehte character5
Select Sanser~fch:~rnctcr\
Select Courw chnrxtw
Select draft download chardcter Mel
Select draft ehte download character \er
Select YLQ downioad chxxtcr
set
Select Courw character\
Perform one n’?lh-Inch hne feed
Print single-density
X-b” graphic.
Print double-densely
X-hi1 graphlcz
Elite pitch
Set bottom margin
Cancel top and bottom n~arg,“s
Pica pitch
Select fixed rpaang
Select proportional
spaang
set printer off-hnr
Set nght margin
Reset all tab stop\
Select lnternatlonal
character set
Superrcrlpt
SubscrIpt
Cancel auperscr1pt or subscrlpr
Bidlrectwnal
printing
Unidirectional
printing
Cancel expanded prmting
Expanded printing
Set left and right margins
PAGE
74
74
66
82
8X
X6
84
X6
XI
x9
71
74
73
73
7x
61
61
62
62
5Y
60
60
61
84
85
85
hl
12
x0
X0
66
73
74
66
68
67
87
76
79
64
hi
63
63
X8
X8
67
67
77
MODE
CONTROL
FUNCTION
CODE
< ESC > “Y” nl n2 ml m2.
< ESC > “2” nl “2 ml m2...
< ESC > “[” “(2 ” <4> <I)>
IBM
STD
IBM
< ESC > Y’* nl “2
< ESC > “:” nl n2
<ESC>
.‘n”
STD
<ESC>
-““nOnln2mlm2...
< ESC > ‘IL” ,,
< ESC > ‘.-” 1
<o>
< ESC > *‘a” 0
< F,SC > “a” ]
< ESC > “a” 2
c ESC > “b” n0 nl n2...... CO>
< ESC > “c” n
c ESC > “e” 0 n
ef ESC >
“e”
I n
CESC>
“I-On
< ESC > “f’ I II
< FSC > “h” n
< ESC > “,” 0
< ESC > “I“ I
< ESC > 'j" n
STD
STD
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IBM
IRM
IHM
< ESC
c- ESC
< ESC
< ESC
c ESC
i ESC
< ESC
< F,SC
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
“k” n
“I” n
“p” 0
“p” I
‘2” 0
“t” ,
“,.,” 0
“v,” 1
< ESC > “x“ 0
c ESC b “x” I
<ESC‘Y “-“0
<ESC>
‘L’. I
< Fs > “4”
< FS > “5”
4 FS,
..... F 0 >
<JTs>
< Ffj
..->
< FS >
<’f-s >
“(” “(”
..(” “(”
“(” “(”
“(” “(”
“Q”
*
“R” ,I
Y3. nl n2
“o” ..)” “)”
“4” “)” “)”
“R” “)” ..)”
“T” “)” “)” n
0 >
-t 0 >
Print double-density,
double-speed
8 bit graphics
Print quadruple-density
8-bit graphics
Select character height, width.
and line spacing
Enable prmtmg of all character codes
Relative horizontal tab
Enable printing of all character
codes on next character
Print 9-pin graphics
Stop overlining
Start overlining
Left justify
Center text
Right justify
Set vertical tab stops m channel
Set top margin
Set horizontal tab stop every
n columns
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
Feed paper n lines
Select double or quadruple size
Cancel munediate print
Immediate print
Perform one n/216-mch reverse line feeed
Select NLQ type style
set lel-t marg,n
Select fixed spacmg
Select proportional
spacing
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Return to normal haght
Print double-height
characters
Select draft quahty characters
Select NLQ characters
Select normal zero
Select slash zero
Select italic characters
Select upright characters
Copy standard characters from
ROM into RAM
set MSB to 0
Set right rrargin
Select international
character set
Relatwe horirontal tab
Manual feed
Auto feed
Eject paper from ASF
Set print start position on ASF
PAGE
80
81
70
65
79
65
82
63
62
78
78
78
75
Y
13
78
75
80
72
69
87
87
72
60
76
68
67
63
64
69
69
59
60
65
65
61
61
82
86
76
64
79
88
89
89
89
wI
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