Control4 | Onyx | Owner`s manual | Control4 Onyx Owner`s manual

Onyx Blackjack
Premium 2x2 USB Recording Interface
OWNER’S MANUAL
1
SIG/OL
INPUT
MONITOR
2
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
LINE
HI-Z
MONO
STEREO
30
20
-15dB
USB
POWER
30
U
U
PHANTOM
40
20
60
+45dB
U
GAIN
U
40
-15dB
60
+45dB
OO
GAIN
MAX
TO MON
OO
MAX
MONITOR
PHONES
2
MONITOR OUT
USB
R
L
YX
ON
BAL /UNBAL
BAL/UNBAL
MAX
OO
MIC PR
E
1
YX
ON
MIC PR
E
Important Safety Instructions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Read these instructions. Keep these instructions.
Heed all warnings.
Follow all instructions.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Clean only with a dry cloth.
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers,
stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9. Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
10. Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or
PORTABLE CART
WARNING
table specified by the manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution
when moving the cart/apparatus combination to
avoid injury from tip-over.
11. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
12. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required
when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as powersupply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have
fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or
moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
13. This apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping or splashing, and no
object filled with liquids, such as vases or beer glasses, shall be placed
on the apparatus.
14.NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the
receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for
help.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly
approved by LOUD Technologies Inc. could void the user's authority to
operate the equipment under FCC rules.
WARNING — To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not
expose this apparatus to rain or moisture.
15. This apparatus does not exceed the Class A/Class B (whichever is
applicable) limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as
set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department
of Communications.
ATTENTION — Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits
radioélectriques dépassant las limites applicables aux appareils
numériques de class A/de class B (selon le cas) prescrites dans le
réglement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par les ministere des
communications du Canada.
16. Exposure to extremely high noise levels may cause permanent hearing
loss. Individuals vary considerably in susceptibility to noise-induced
hearing loss, but nearly everyone will lose some hearing if exposed to
sufficiently intense noise for a period of time. The U.S. Government’s
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has specified
the permissible noise level exposures shown in the following chart.
According to OSHA, any exposure in excess of these permissible limits
could result in some hearing loss. To ensure against potentially dangerous exposure to high sound pressure levels, it is recommended
that all persons exposed to equipment capable of producing high
sound pressure levels use hearing protectors while the equipment
is in operation. Ear plugs or protectors in the ear canals or over the
ears must be worn when operating the equipment in order to prevent
permanent hearing loss if exposure is in excess of the limits set forth
here:
Duration,
per day in
hours
8
6
4
3
2
1.5
1
Sound Level
dBA, Slow
Response
90
92
95
97
100
102
105
0.5
110
0.25 or less 115
Typical Example
Duo in small club
Subway Train
Very loud classical music
Matty screaming at desTROYer
about deadlines
Loudest parts at a rock concert
CAUTION
AVIS
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK. DO NOT OPEN
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE. NE PAS OUVRIR
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
ATTENTION: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE, NE PAS ENLEVER LE COUVERCLE.
AUCUN ENTRETIEN DE PIECES INTERIEURES PAR L'USAGER.
CONFIER L'ENTRETIEN AU PERSONNEL QUALIFIE.
AVIS: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES D'INCENDIE OU D'ELECTROCUTION, N'EXPOSEZ PAS CET ARTICLE
A LA PLUIE OU A L'HUMIDITE
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral triangle is
intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated "dangerous
voltage" within the product's enclosure, that may be of sufficient magnitude
to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
Le symbole éclair avec point de flèche à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral
est utilisé pour alerter l'utilisateur de la présence à l'intérieur du coffret de
"voltage dangereux" non isolé d'ampleur suffisante pour constituer un risque
d'éléctrocution.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the
user of the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing)
instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Le point d'exclamation à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral est employé
pour alerter les utilisateurs de la présence d'instructions importantes pour le
fonctionnement et l'entretien (service) dans le livret d'instruction
accompagnant l'appareil.
Correct disposal of this product. This symbol indicates that this product should not be disposed of with your household waste, according to the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) and your national law. This product
should be handed over to an authorized collection site for recycling waste electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). Improper handling of this type of waste could have a possible negative impact on the environment and
human health due to potentially hazardous substances that are generally associated with EEE. At the same time, your cooperation in the correct disposal of this product will contribute to the effective usage of natural
resources. For more information about where you can drop off your waste equipment for recycling, please contact your local city office, waste authority, or your household waste disposal service.
2 Onyx Blackjack
Quick Start
We realize that you must be really keen to
try out your new Onyx Blackjack 2x2 USB
Recording Interface. But please read the
safety instructions on page 2, then have
a look through some of the features and details in this
manual first.
3. [For Mac users; PC users will have already completed this step during the driver installation.] Push the USB cable securely into
the USB connector on the rear panel of the
interface, and plug the other end into any open
USB slot of the computer.
Note: The Blackjack is class-compliant and will work
right out of the box. However, if you are using it in
conjunction with a PC running Microsoft Windows, you
should download and install the latest ASIO driver from
http://www.mackie.com/products/onyxblackjack/ to achieve the best possible performance.
4. If your microphone requires phantom power,
turn on the 48V phantom power button.
Setup
Use the interface in a nice clean and dry environment,
free from dryer lint and dust bunnies.
Zero the controls
1. Fully turn down all the knobs to minimum, fully
counter-clockwise. Yup, all of five of 'em!
2. Make sure all buttons are in the out position.
Only four here!
Connections and Setup
1. Before plugging into a computer, connect the
TRS 1/4" monitor outputs of the interface to
the line-level inputs of your studio monitors or
amplifier(s). Make sure the studio monitors or
amplifier(s) are off for the time being, as well.
2. [For PC users; Mac users may ignore this step.]
Prior to connecting the device, make sure to
download the latest driver software from:
http://www.mackie.com/products/onyxblackjack/
Instructions for installing the driver are included in the .zip file located on the product page. After running the driver installation, you may return to these instructions to check basic functionality.
Part No. SW0865 Rev. C 10/10
©2010 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved.
BJs rule! Blonde jokes, Bon Jovi, B.J. and the Bear, Ben and Jerry's, blue
jeans, band jams, bungee jumping, Billy Joel, bon jour's, Bijou Phillips (ok,
that's a stretch) and, of course, the Mackie Onyx Blackjack 2x2 USB Recording Interface ...any BJs we missed here?
5. Before turning on the studio monitors or
amplifier(s), turn up the input gain and "tap
check" the microphone to make sure the SIG/OL LED illuminates green.
6. Ensuring that you are not too close to them (or
you may hear deafening feedback), turn up the
studio monitors or amplifier(s), turn up the input monitor [TO MON] knob to about 3 o'clock, then slowly turn up the MONITOR
knob while continuing to tap check to ensure
that the analog inputs are audible through the
monitors. Headphones may also be used to
check levels.
7. Now open your DAW of choice and get to work!
Other Notes
• When shutting down, turn off any power amplifiers or powered speakers first. When powering up, turn them on last. This will
reduce the chance of turn-on or turn-off
thumps.
• Always turn down the phones level when making connections or doing anything that may
cause loudness in the headphones. This will
help protect your hearing.
• Always turn down the monitor level when making connections to the interface. Better yet,
shut down the computer first.
• Save the shipping box!
Owner's Manual 3
Introduction
As the saying goes, good things come in small packages, and the Mackie Onyx Blackjack is just that! Comparable in size and weight to a brick of cheese or a
package of hot dogs, this 2x2 USB recording interface may not fill your tummy. However, this
powerful piece allows you to connect with nearly any
DAW in existence. As such, it provides you with the right
tools to record and playback as many #1 hits as you can
write.
It all starts at the inputs which feature Mackie's renowned premium Onyx preamps...and in "combo jack"
style at that, so it accepts both XLR and 1/4" TS/TRS
connectors.
Both inputs are equipped with DIs (slyly disguised
as hi-z) so instruments may be connected directly to
the interface. And what good would the mic inputs be without the ability to add phantom power, if needed? So
48V phantom power is readily available at the touch of a
switch!
Additional flexibility also occurs at the outputs. For
example, there are multiple knobs for separate level
control of monitors and headphones. Also, monitoring is
accomplished in mono or stereo with
zero-latency.
The interface is compatible with both Mac and PC
computers, as well as with most major DAWs so you can
get started instantly. You don't have software? No
worries, Mackie's Tracktion 3 Hardware Bundle is
included.
The Onyx Blackjack starts at the inputs and high
quality converters, but it ends with your masterpiece.
You have a fine piece of pro audio gear in your hands,
congratulations! Time to fire up the computer!
4 Onyx Blackjack
Features
• Two boutique-quality Onyx mic preamps with
class-leading fidelity and dynamic range.
• High-headroom design with ultra-low noise and
distortion.
• Professional 24-bit recording/playback via 2x2
USB.
• High-end Cirrus Logic® AD/DA converters with
114 dB dynamic range (A-weighted).
• True analog hardware monitoring of inputs, in
mono or stereo, for easy zero-latency recording.
• Compatible with most major DAWs.
• Logic®
• SONAR™
• Cubase®
• Ableton® Live
• Final Cut Pro®
• ...and more
• Built-in DI on each input for direct connection
of guitars, basses, etc.
• 48V phantom power for use with studio-quality
condenser microphones.
• USB bus-powered, eliminating need for separate power cable.
• Separate studio monitor and headphone outs
with independent level control.
• Sleek, ergonomic "Built-Like-A-Tank" desktop
design.
• Includes Tracktion 3™ Music production software.
Contents
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS......................... 2
QUICK START........................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION....................................................... 4
TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................ 5
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS............................................... 6
FEATURES................................................................ 8
REAR PANEL......................................................... 8
1. MIC/LINE INPUTS..................................... 8
2. 1/4" L/R MONITOR OUT.......................... 8
3. USB INPUT/OUTPUT................................. 8
FRONT PANEL..................................................... 10
4. GAIN CONTROL....................................... 10
5. SIG/OL LED............................................ 10
6. HI-Z Switch............................................ 10
7. TO MON Level........................................ 10
8. MONO/STEREO Switch............................ 10
9. MONITOR Level...................................... 11
10. PHONES Level......................................... 11
11. HEADPHONE OUTPUT.............................. 11
12. 48V PHANTOM POWER Switch and LED... 11
13. USB LED.................................................. 11
14. POWER LED............................................ 11
APPENDIX A: SERVICE INFORMATION..................... 12
APPENDIX B: CONNECTIONS.................................. 13
APPENDIX C: TECHNICAL INFORMATION................. 15
APPENDIX D: USB REVISITED................................. 18
LIMITED WARRANTY.............................................. 19
How To Use This Manual
The first pages after the table of contents are the
hookup diagrams. These show typical setups for fun
times with your interface.
Next is a ­detailed tour of the entire interface. The descriptions are divided into sections, just as your interface is ­organized into distinct zones:
• Rear Panel
• Front Panel
Throughout these sections you’ll find illustrations
with each feature numbered and described in nearby
paragraphs.
This icon marks infor­mation that is critically
­important or unique to the interface. For your
own good, read them and remember them.
This icon will lead you to some explanations of
­features and practical tips. Go ahead and skip
these if you need to leave the room in a hurry.
Owner's Manual 5
Hookup Diagrams
MR5
Studio Monitors
Condenser
microphone
MR5
Studio Monitors
Acoustic
Guitar
Condenser
Microphones
Desktop
Computer
Headphones
2
MONITOR OUT
R
USB
L
1
1
SIG/OL
2
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
INPUT
MONITOR
20
U
-15dB
BAL /UNBAL
1
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
PHANTOM
USB
40
20
60
+45dB
U
GAIN
40
-15dB
2
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
60
+45dB
GAIN
MAX
TO MON
OO
MAX
MONITOR
OO
MAX
INPUT
MONITOR
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
MONO
STEREO
U
-15dB
PHONES
1
PHANTOM
USB
POWER
30
U
20
OO
1
YX MI C P R
E
ON
BAL/UNBAL
LINE
HI-Z
POWER
30
U
L
YX MI C P R
E
ON
30
U
R
YX MI C P R
E
ON
BAL/UNBAL
MONO
STEREO
30
Headphones
2
MONITOR OUT
USB
YX MI C P R
E
ON
BAL /UNBAL
Desktop
Computer
40
20
60
+45dB
U
GAIN
U
40
-15dB
60
+45dB
GAIN
OO
MAX
TO MON
OO
MAX
MONITOR
OO
MAX
PHONES
2
Here is a simplistic view on how to record multiple tracks, even with only two inputs! This is a two (or
more) part process and we will start with the first hookup diagram (shown above left).
Our first goal is to track an acoustic guitar. A pair of mics set up in a stereo configuration are inserted
to XLR inputs one and two. Engage the 48V phantom power switch. Headphones are attached to the
phones output for recording while a pair of Mackie MR5 studio monitors are attached to the monitor
outputs for playback.
A desktop computer is attached via USB where the installed DAW software captures your brilliance.
The input [gain] knobs should be up, the phones knob should be up, the monitor knob should be down
(to eliminate feedback) and the direct monitor send should be up with the mono/stereo switch engaged
[stereo] so you may hear yourself (or the artist if that is not you).
Step 2 (above right) is exactly the same set-up, except we'll be overdubbing vocals over the alreadytracked acoustic guitar. Remove the mics used to track guitar and replace them with one large diaphragm
condenser mic, attached to input one; be sure to disengage the hi-z and mono/stereo switches [mono].
All other knobs shall remain in the same position. Make sure the DAW is set up to accept input 1 to DAW
track 3 and press record.
When the perfect take has been recorded, turn the phones knob down and the monitor knob up to
listen to it through the studio monitors, and begin your solid gold mix...
It also happens that diagram #2 works as your typical podcaster setup, too!
Typical Singer/Songwriter Setup
6 Onyx Blackjack
Laptop
Condenser
microphone
Condenser
microphone
Headphones
2
MONITOR OUT
R
USB
L
1
YX MI C P R
E
ON
BAL /UNBAL
1
SIG/OL
2
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
BAL/UNBAL
INPUT
MONITOR
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
LINE
HI-Z
MONO
STEREO
30
20
-15dB
PHANTOM
USB
POWER
30
U
U
YX MI C P R
E
ON
40
20
60
+45dB
U
GAIN
U
40
-15dB
60
+45dB
GAIN
OO
MAX
TO MON
OO
MAX
MONITOR
OO
MAX
PHONES
Let's say that your favorite band is in town for their fourth farewell tour (but this time they really mean
it!). Let's also say that they allow their fans to record live shows for posterity. You're in luck! Toss your
laptop, a couple of mics and mic stands, headphones and the Onyx Blackjack into your backpack and
head down to the venue.
Here is how to record the live show in three easy steps:
1. Connect everything as shown in the hookup diagram above.
2. Turn the input [gain] knobs up, phones knob up and monitor knob down on the Onyx Blackjack.
3. Start recording the show with the DAW of your choice. And if you want to listen on phones, just engage the mono/stereo switch and turn the direct monitor send up in conjunction with the headphones.
It's that easy!
If you want to make extra sure that the DAW is capturing the show, simply turn down the direct monitor
send and make sure the DAW is set up to output the signal it's recording.
This setup also works for recording a Podcast, or other field recordings you may want for personal projects, work assignments and more.
Typical Field Recording Setup
Owner's Manual 7
Onyx Blackjack Features
2
MONITOR OUT
USB
R
L
1
YX MIC PRE
ON
3
BAL /UNBAL
2
BAL/UNBAL
YX MIC PRE
ON
1
Rear Panel
1. MIC/LINE/HI-Z INPUTS
PHANTOM POWER
These dual Onyx mic preamps accept both balanced
microphone inputs from an XLR connector and balanced and unbalanced line-level inputs from a 1/4"
TRS connector. The microphone preamps feature our
Onyx design, with higher fidelity and headroom rivaling
any standalone mic preamp on the market today.
Most modern professional condenser mics require 48V phantom power, which lets the interface send low-current DC voltage to the mic’s electronics through the same wires that carry audio. (Semi-pro
condenser mics often have batteries to accomplish the
same thing.) “Phantom” owes its name to an ability to
be “unseen” by dynamic mics (Shure SM57/SM58, for
instance), which don’t need ­external power and aren’t
affected by it anyway.
The XLR inputs are wired as follows:
Pin 1 = Shield or ground
Pin 2 = Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 = Negative (– or cold)
The 1/4" jacks share circuitry (but not phantom
power) with the mic preamps, and can be driven by balanced or unbalanced sources.
To connect balanced lines to these inputs, use a 1⁄4"
Tip-Ring-Sleeve (TRS) plug, wired as follows:
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Ring = Negative (– or cold)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
To connect unbalanced lines to these ­inputs, use a
1⁄4" mono (TS) phone plug, wired as follows:
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
This line-level input can also accept instrument-level
signals if the hi-z switch [6] is pressed in. This allows
you to connect guitars directly into either channel without the need for a DI box.
8 Onyx Blackjack
Phantom power may be selected by depressing the
interface's phantom power switch [12].
Never plug ­­single-ended (unbalanced) micro­phones, or ribbon mics into the mic input jacks if phantom power is on. Do not
plug instrument outputs into the mic XLR input jacks
with phantom power on, ­unless you are certain it is safe
to do so.
2. 1/4" L/R MONITOR OUT
These 1/4" connectors provide a balanced or unbalanced line-level signal that is designed to be used
to provide a monitor mix to a pair of powered studio
monitors, or amplifier powering passive studio monitors.
2
MONITOR OUT
USB
R
L
1
YX MIC PRE
ON
3
BAL /UNBAL
2
BAL/UNBAL
YX MIC PRE
ON
1
3. USB INPUT/OUTPUT
The built-in USB interface allows for some powerful and flexible routing. It is a 2x2 interface
allowing you to record two streams, and/or input stereo
playback from a computer and route it to the monitor
outputs [2] or headphones [11]. To use this feature
with a PC, first download the PC ASIO driver from
http://www.mackie.com/products/onyxblackjack/. If connecting to a Mac, the interface will show up as a
2x2 device with no driver required.
The 2x2 USB routing of the Onyx Blackjack is a potent
thing to behold. Input signals are always sent directly to
the computer, yet also routable directly to monitor and
headphones using the small but powerful input monitor
knob[7].
Similarly, stereo playback and/or DAW outputs 1-2
are always routed back into the device for monitoring
and overdubbing (unless you choose to mute them in
software). Since the phones and monitor outputs have
separate volume controls, users are free to monitor
using either, neither or both. And because analog input
signals may be blended in with playback signals for
monitoring purposes – using the to mon knob [7] in the
input monitor section – overdubs can occur in real-time
without the burden of computer-induced latency.
Conversely, if you want to add and monitor computersupplied effects or processing to a signal, simply turn
the to mon knob [7] down, make sure the buffer size
is set relatively low and that the DAW is set to output
to the Onyx Blackjack while recording. Most DAWs are
set up this way by default, and you will simply have to
choose the Onyx Blackjack as your primary interface in
the DAW's audio settings.
Success here is partially dependent upon the
computer's speed. It needs to be fast enough
to run at low buffer sizes so that there is no
noticeable latency between the input signal and, say,
the reverb return. Be sure to review the software requirements on http://www.mackie.com/products/onyxblackjack/ to confirm that the latest device drivers are currently in
use.
Owner's Manual 9
Onyx Blackjack Features
1
2
5 6
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
SIG/OL
INPUT
MONITOR
8
LINE
HI-Z
12
MONO
STEREO
30
20
-15dB
PHANTOM
14
USB
POWER
30
U
U
13
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
40
20
60
+45dB
U
4
GAIN
U
40
-15dB
60
+45dB
OO
GAIN
7
MAX
TO MON
OO
9
MAX
MONITOR
OO
10
MAX
PHONES
11
Front Panel
“U” like Unity gain
6. HI-Z Switch
Mackie interfaces have a “U” symbol on the preamp
inputs. It stands for “unity gain,” meaning no change in
signal level if supplying a line-level signal. The labels
on the controls are measured in decibels (dB), so you’ll
know what you’re doing level-wise if you choose to
change a control’s settings.
Engage this switch if you want to connect guitars
directly to the 1/4" line inputs.
4. GAIN CONTROL
Plugging a guitar into a lower-impedance linelevel input can result in the loss of high
frequencies, causing an unnatural and dull
sound. Normally, you must use a direct box between a
guitar and the interface’s input, which serves to convert
the impedance of the guitar from high to low. These
hi-z inputs make the need for a direct box unnecessary.
However: The hi-z inputs are unbalanced (when the
switch is in), so if you’re doing a live show and running a
long cord between the instrument and the Onyx Blackjack (say over 25 or 30 feet), it is best to use a
direct box with a balanced output to avoid picking up
noise over the length of the cord.
The gain knobs adjust the input sensitivity of the mic
and line inputs. This allows signals from the outside
world to be adjusted to run through each input at optimal internal operating levels.
If the signal originates through the mic XLR jack,
there will be 0 dB of gain with the knob fully down,
ramping to 60 dB of gain fully up.
The 1⁄4" line inputs have 15 dB of attenuation fully
down and 45 dB of gain fully up, with unity gain "U" at
10:00.
5. SIG/OL LED
This dual-colored LED will illuminate green when the
channel's input signal (at least -20 dBu) is present, indicating signal (SIG). It will remain lit non-stop so
long as there is signal above -20 dBu present in that
channel.
This dual-colored LED will illuminate red when the
channel's input signal is too high, indicating a signal
overload (OL). This should be avoided, as distortion will
occur. If the OL LED comes on regularly, check that the
gain control [4] is set correctly for your input device.
10 Onyx Blackjack
Without this switch, you need to use a DI box first,
before connecting guitars. If these switches are not
pressed in, guitars will not sound good, particularly the
high frequency response.
7. TO MON LEVEL
This knob is used to monitor input signals using
studio monitors or headphones. This input monitoring
occurs in the analog domain, resulting in zero-latency.
Although the signal from inputs 1 and 2 is always
routed directly into the DAW right after gain is applied
on the Onyx Blackjack, a "copy" of the analog input
signals intended for monitoring purposes is also available via the input monitor section. Simply choose
whether to monitor the input(s) in mono or stereo
(input 1 hard-panned left, input 2 hard-panned right),
1
2
5 6
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
SIG/OL
INPUT
MONITOR
8
LINE
HI-Z
12
MONO
STEREO
30
20
-15dB
PHANTOM
14
USB
POWER
30
U
U
13
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
40
20
60
+45dB
U
4
GAIN
U
40
-15dB
60
+45dB
GAIN
OO
7
MAX
TO MON
OO
9
MAX
MONITOR
OO
10
MAX
PHONES
11
then slowly increase the level of the to mon knob [7]
until you can hear it. Since the to mon knob routes
signals directly to both the monitor and phones, either
or both of these volume pots must be up at least a little
in order to hear this analog input monitoring path.
8. MONO/STEREO Switch
When working on "basic tracks" (i.e. not overdubbing
over prerecorded material), it is probably best to turn
the monitor and/or phones knobs down fairly low and
the to mon knob [7] to the maximum. This will ensure
the cleanest possible signal to the phones or studio
monitors. In fact, you will generally find that having this
knob up high (between 3 o'clock and max) is normal for
direct monitoring.
9. MONITOR LEVEL
Meanwhile, if you are overdubbing (i.e. singing over a
guitar part or rapping over an audio bed of pig squeals
and explosions), you'll want to control the overall volume of the combined input and output signals
with the monitor and/or phones knob [9, 10], and the
amount of input you hear in relation to playback with
the to mon knob [7]. It's really quite simple. Think of it
as a "more me" knob and you'll be golden.
Turning up the input gain [4], to mon knob [7]
and monitor knob [9] with a microphone plugged
in may result in some really nasty distortion. Typically, you will want to record with the phones up and
monitor down. Then make sure to turn down the to mon
knob when you want to hear playback of what was just
recorded (without the interference of the microphone still
routed to the monitors or headphones).
This switch allows you to choose whether to monitor
the inputs in mono or stereo. Signals are still recorded
as independent streams in either scenario.
This knob is used to adjust the volume at the monitor output [2], from off to maximum gain (max).
When microphones are connected, always make sure
that the To Mon knob [7] is down in the input monitor
section before turning the monitor volume up. Monitor and phones share the same "mix", whether
that's playback, signals sent via the input monitor section, or both (e.g. while overdubbing).
10. PHONES LEVEL
This knob is used to adjust the volume at the phones
output [11], from off to maximum gain (max). Phones
are ideal for use with the input monitor section when recording in just about all scenarios.
Monitor and phones share the same "mix", whether
that's playback, signals sent via the input monitor section, or both (e.g. while overdubbing).
WARNING: The headphone amp is loud, and
can cause permanent hearing damage. Even
intermediate levels may be painfully loud
with some headphones. BE CAREFUL! Always turn this
control all the way down before connecting headphones
or doing anything new that may affect the headphone
volume. Then turn it up slowly as you listen carefully.
Owner's Manual 11
1
5 6
SIG/OL
INPUT
MONITOR
2
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
8
LINE
HI-Z
12
MONO
STEREO
30
20
-15dB
PHANTOM
14
USB
POWER
30
U
U
13
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
40
20
60
+45dB
U
4
GAIN
U
40
-15dB
60
+45dB
OO
GAIN
7
MAX
TO MON
OO
9
MAX
MONITOR
OO
10
MAX
PHONES
11
11. HEADPHONE OUTPUT
This 1/4" TRS connector supplies the output to your
stereo headphones. It is the same signal that is routed
to the monitor outputs [2]. The volume is controlled
with the phones knob [10], right next to the monitor
knob [9].
The phones output follows ­standard conventions:
Tip = Left channel
Ring = Right channel
Sleeve = Common ground
WARNING: Yes, we just mentioned this
exact same warning above, but that is how important this is...the headphone amp is
loud, and can cause permanent hearing damage. Even
intermediate levels may be painfully loud with some
headphones. BE CAREFUL! Always turn the phones
level control [10] all the way down before connecting
headphones or doing anything new that may affect the
headphone volume. Then turn it up slowly as you listen
carefully.
12. 48V PHANTOM POWER and LED
Most modern professional condenser mics require
48V phantom power, which lets the interface send lowcurrent DC voltage to the mic’s electronics through the
same wires that carry audio. (Semi-pro condenser mics
often have batteries to accomplish the same thing.)
“Phantom” owes its name to an ability to be “unseen”
by dynamic mics (Shure SM57/SM58, for instance),
which don’t need ­external power and aren’t affected by
it anyway.
12 Onyx Blackjack
Press this switch in if your microphone requires phantom power. (Always check the position of this
switch before connecting microphones.) A green LED
will illuminate just to the left of this switch to indicate
that phantom power is active. This is a global switch
that affects all mic channels' XLR jacks at once. Yes, all
two of them.
Never plug ­­single-ended (unbalanced) micro­phones, or ribbon mics into the mic
input jacks if phantom power is on. Do not
plug instrument outputs into the mic XLR input jacks
with phantom power on, ­unless you know for certain it
is safe to do so. Be sure the channel's gain control [4] is
turned down when connecting microphones to the mic
inputs when phantom power is turned on, to prevent
pops from getting through to the speakers.
13. USB LED
This LED will illuminate green when the computer
is powered on and connected successfully and securely
(via USB) to the Onyx Blackjack. Different from the
Power LED [14], the USB light informs you that the
device is "enumerated", and in a functional and happy
state.
14. POWER LED
This LED will illuminate green when the computer
is powered on and connected successfully and securely
(via USB) to the Onyx Blackjack.
Appendix A: Service Information
If you think your interface has a problem, please
check out the following troubleshooting tips and do your
best to confirm the problem. Visit the Support section of
our website (www.mackie.com) where you will find lots
of useful information such as FAQs, documentation and
any updated PC drivers etc. You may find the answer to
the problem without having to send your interface away.
Troubleshooting
Repair
Bad Input
For warranty service, refer to the warranty information on page 19.
• Is the input gain set correctly?
• Is the input OL LED on?
• Try the same source signal in the other input, set up exactly like the suspect input.
• Is phantom power required for your microphone?
Bad Output
• Unplug anything from the monitor out, just in
case one of your external pieces has a problem.
• Make sure that you are not overdriving your
amplifiers. Check the loudspeaker average load
impedance is not less than the minimum your
amplifier can handle. Check the speaker wiring.
Non-warranty service for Mackie products is available at a factory-authorized service center. To locate your nearest service center, visit www.mackie.com, click “Support” and select “Locate
a Service Center.” Service for Mackie products living
outside the United States can be obtained through local
dealers or distributors.
If you do not have access to our website, you can call
our Tech Support department at 1-800-898-3211, Monday-Friday during normal business hours, Pacific
Time, to explain the problem. Tech Support will tell you
where the nearest factory-authorized service center is
located in your area.
Noise
• Turn the input gains down, one by one. If the
offending noise disappears, it’s either that input
or whatever is plugged into it. If you unplug the
whatever-is-plugged-into-it and turn the input
back up and the noise is gone, it’s from your
whatever.
Power
• The power LED should come on if the interface
is connected to a computer, and the computer
is powered on. Check to make sure that the
computer's power cord is securely plugged in.
Owner's Manual 13
Appendix B: Connections
“XLR” Connectors
Mackie interfaces use 3-pin female “XLR” connectors on all microphone inputs, with pin 1 wired to
the grounded (earthed) shield, pin 2 wired to the “high”
(”hot” or positive polarity) side of the audio signal and
pin 3 wired to the “low” (“cold” or negative polarity) side
of the signal. See Figure A.
Use a male “XLR”-type connector, usually found on the
nether end of what is called a “mic cable,” to connect to
a ­female XLR jack.
2
SHIELD
HOT
COLD
SHIELD
COLD 3
HOT
1
3
1
3
1
2
SHIELD
COLD
2
• Stereo Headphones, and rarely, stereo microphones and stereo line connections.
When wired for stereo, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or plug
is connected tip to left, ring to right and sleeve
to ground (earth). Mackie interfaces do not
directly accept 1-plug-type stereo micro­phones.
They must be separated into a left cord and
a right cord, which are plugged into two mic
preamps.
• Unbalanced Send/Return circuits. When wired
as send/return “Y” connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack
or plug is connected tip to signal send (output
from interface), ring to signal return (input
back into interface), and sleeve to ground
(earth).
1⁄4"
TS Phone Plugs and Jacks
“TS” stands for Tip-Sleeve, the two connections available on a “mono” 1⁄4" phone jack or plug. See Figure C.
HOT
Figure A: XLR Connectors
SLEEVE
1⁄4"
TRS Phone Plugs and Jacks
SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TRS jacks and plugs are used in several ­­different applications:
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
TIP
SLEEVE
Figure C: TS Plug
TS jacks and plugs areRING
used
in many
different
SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
a­ pplications, always unbalanced. The tip is connected to
TIP
the audio signal and the sleeve
to ground (earth). Some
RING
examples:
• Unbalanced microphones
TIP
RING
TIP
SLEEVE
Figure B: 1⁄4" TRS Plugs
• Balanced mono circuits. When wired as a balanced connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or plug
is connected tip to signal high (hot), ring to
signal low (cold), and sleeve to ground (earth).
14 Onyx Blackjack
TIP
TIP
TIP
“TRS” stands for Tip-Ring-Sleeve,
the three
TIP
c­ onnections available on a “stereo” 1⁄4" or ­“TIPbalanced”
phone jack or plug. See Figure B.
SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TIP
SLEEVE
• Electric guitars and electronic instruments
• Unbalanced line-level connections
• Speaker connections
Don’t use guitar cords for speaker cables!
They’re not designed to handle speaker-level
signals and could overheat.
Appendix C: Technical Information
Specifications
Noise Characteristics:
Attenuation and Crosstalk:
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN), mic input to USB record (A/D),
150 Ω source impedance, 22 Hz to 22 kHz:
60 dB (max) gain:
–124.0 dBu
1 kHz, 20 Hz to 20 kHz bandwidth:
To Mon or Monitor knob off/min: <–100 dB
1 kHz, 22 Hz to 22 kHz bandwidth:
Any channel to any other: <–80 dB
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN), mic input to USB record (A/D),
40 Ω source impedance, A-weighted:
60 dB (max) gain:
–126.0 dBu
Direct Monitor Output Noise (Monitor and To Mon levels unity/max):
–95.0 dBu, 22 Hz to 22 kHz
USB Record (A/D) Noise Floor/Dynamic Range (From mic
input/min gain, 1 kHz –60 dBFS):
–112.0 dBFS Noise, A-weighted, –101 dBu equivalent mic input
noise at unity gain (11 dBu = 0 dBFS)
–110.0 dB Dynamic range, A-weighted, (relative to –2 dBFS/+9 dBu)
USB Playback (D/A) Noise Floor/Dynamic Range (Monitor Output, Monitor level unity/max, To Mon off/min; 1 kHz –60 dBFS):
–97.0 dBu Noise, A-weighted, –107 dBFS equivalent digital
noise, 106 dB Dynamic Range (relative to +9 dBu)
Frequency Response:
Mic to Monitor Outputs (direct monitor analog-only path, stereo), unity gain:
15 Hz to 50 kHz
+0 dB / –0.2 dB
Line to Monitor Outputs (direct monitor analog-only path,
stereo), unity gain for 1/4" TRS input:
10 Hz to 25 kHz
+0 dB / –1.0 dB
USB Through (Indirect monitor A/D+D/A), mic input to monitor
output, unity gain (To Mon off/min):
44.1 kHz sample rate:
15 Hz to 21 kHz
+0 dB / –0.2 dB
96 kHz sample rate:
15 Hz to 22 kHz
+0 dB / –0.2 dB
Distortion (THD+N):
Mic to monitor (direct monitor analog path, stereo), 1 kHz, 22 Hz to 22 kHz bandwidth:
+4 dBu in, min/unity gain, +4 dBu out: <0.002%
Line to monitor (direct monitor analog path, stereo), 1 kHz, 22 Hz to 22 kHz bandwidth:
+4 dBu in, unity gain, +4 dBu out: <0.002%
Common Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR):
Mic input, 150 Ω termination
1 kHz: > 50 dB
Maximum Input Levels:
Mic input, gain at min (0 dB): +10 dBu
Mic input, gain at max (60 dB): –50 dBu
Line input, gain at min (–15 dB): +25 dBu
Instrument input, gain at min (–15 dB): +8 dBu
Maximum Output Levels:
Monitor Output at unity/max:
Phones at unity/max:
+10 dBu
8mW into 600 Ω (1% THD+N)
USB:
USB 1.1
Sample rates available: 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz
Mackie Driver Buffer sizes: 96, 128, 256, 512, 1024
Resolution:
24-bit
Audio Class 1.0 compliant at 44.1 kHz / 48 kHz, 24-bit
A/D: 114 dB typical dynamic range, 24-bit, A-weighted, 10 Hz to 20 kHz BW
D/A: 114 dB typical dynamic range, 24-bit, A-weighted, 10 Hz to 20 kHz BW
Meters:
Bi-color channel meters:
Red overload, +7 dBu (–4 dBFS)
Green signal present, –20 dBu (–31 dBFS)
Hi-Z to monitor (direct monitor analog path, stereo), 1 kHz, 22 Hz to 22 kHz bandwidth:
+0 dBu in, unity gain, +0 dBu out: <0.004%
Input Impedance:
Mic input: 3 kΩ balanced
Phones, 1 kHz, 22 Hz to 22 kHz bandwidth:
7mW into 600 Ω:
<0.003%
Line input: 18 kΩ balanced
9 kΩ unbalanced
Mic to USB Record (A/D), 1 kHz, 22 Hz to fs/2 bandwidth:
+4 dBu in, unity gain, –7 dBFS record:
<0.002%
Hi-Z input: 1 MΩ unbalanced
USB Playback to Monitor Out (D/A), 1 kHz, 22 Hz to 22 kHz
bandwidth (To Mon off/min, Monitor unity/max):
–6 dBFS playback, +4 dBu out:
<0.002%
Owner's Manual 15
Output Impedance:
Phones output: 25 Ω
Monitor outputs: 300 Ω balanced
150 Ω unbalanced
Phantom Power:
P48 specification compliant. 48VDC, 10mA max per mic
AC Power Requirements:
USB Bus powered, high-power device (5V, up to 500mA)
Physical Dimensions and Weight
Height:
2.80 in / 71.2 mm
Depth:
4.32 in / 109.6 mm
Width:
6.57 in / 167 mm
Weight:
1.5 lb / 0.7 kg
LOUD Technologies Inc. is always striving to improve our products
by incorporating new and improved materials, components, and
manufacturing methods. Therefore, we reserve the right to change
these specifications at any time without notice.
“Mackie,” and the “Running Man” are registered trademarks of LOUD
Technologies Inc. All other brand names mentioned are trademarks
or registered trademarks of their respective holders, and are hereby
acknowledged.
Please check our website for any updates to this manual: www.mackie.com.
©2010 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Dimensions
1.10 in /
28 mm
WEIGHT
1.5 lb
0.7 kg
4.02 in /
102 mm
4.32 in /
109.6 mm
6.57 in / 167 mm
1
SIG/OL
2
LINE
HI-Z
SIG/OL
INPUT
MONITOR
2x2 USB RECORDING INTERFACE
LINE
HI-Z
MONO
STEREO
30
20
-15dB
PHANTOM
USB
POWER
2.53 in /
64.2 mm
40
20
60
+45dB
U
GAIN
U
R
L
YX MI C P R
E
ON
BAL /UNBAL
40
-15dB
60
+45dB
GAIN
OO
MAX
TO MON
OO
MAX
MONITOR
OO
MAX
PHONES
6.42 in / 163 mm
16 Onyx Blackjack
2
MONITOR OUT
USB
30
U
U
2.80 in /
71 mm
BAL/UNBAL
1
YX MI C P R
E
ON
1.85 in /
47 mm
LINE /
HI-Z
INPUT 2
MIC
LINE /
HI-Z
INPUT 1
MIC
to inputs 1-2
Hi-Z
Line
Phantom 48V
Hi-Z
Line
Phantom 48V
+48V
Gain
Gain
SIG/OL
LED
SIG/OL
LED
ADC
ADC
Ch2 USB to
Computer
To Mon
Ch1 USB to
Computer
Ch2 USB from
Computer
Ch1 USB from
Computer
DAC
DAC
Stereo
Mono
Phones
Monitor
R
L
PHONES
MONITOR
Block Diagram
Owner's Manual 17
Appendix D: USB revisited
USB and the Onyx Blackjack
The built-in USB interface allows for some powerful and flexible routing. It is a 2x2 interface
allowing you to record two streams, and/or input stereo
playback from a computer and route it to the monitor
outputs [2] or headphones [11]. To use this feature
with a PC, first download the PC ASIO driver from
http://www.mackie.com/products/onyxblackjack/. If connecting to a Mac, the interface will show up as a
2x2 device with no driver required.
The 2x2 USB routing of the Onyx Blackjack is a potent
thing to behold. Input signals are always sent directly to
the computer, yet also routable directly to monitor and
headphones using the small but powerful input monitor
knob[7].
Similarly, stereo playback and/or DAW outputs 1-2
are always routed back into the device for monitoring
and overdubbing (unless you choose to mute them in
software). Since the phones and monitor outputs have
separate volume controls, users are free to monitor
using either, neither or both. And because analog input
signals may be blended in with playback signals for
monitoring purposes – using the to mon knob [7] in the
input monitor section – overdubs can occur in real-time
without the burden of computer-induced latency.
Conversely, if you want to add and monitor computersupplied effects or processing to a signal, simply turn
the to mon knob [7] down, make sure the buffer size
is set relatively low and that the DAW is set to output
to the Onyx Blackjack while recording. Most DAWs are
set up this way by default, and you will simply have to
choose the Onyx Blackjack as your primary interface in
the DAW's audio settings.
Success here is partially dependent upon the
computer's speed. It needs to be fast enough
to run at low buffer sizes so that there is no
noticeable latency between the input signal and, say,
the reverb return. Be sure to review the software requirements on http://www.mackie.com/products/onyxblackjack/ to confirm that the latest device drivers are currently in
use.
18 Onyx Blackjack
Blackjack Limited Warranty
Please keep your sales receipt in a safe place.
This Limited Product Warranty (“Product Warranty”) is provided by LOUD Technologies Inc. (“LOUD”)
and is applicable to products purchased in the United States or Canada through a LOUD-authorized
reseller or dealer. The Product Warranty will not extend to anyone other than the original purchaser of
the product (hereinafter, “Customer,” “you” or “your”).
For products purchased outside the U.S. or Canada, please visit www.mackie.com/warranty to find
contact information for your local distributor, and information on any warranty coverage provided by the
distributor in your local market.
LOUD warrants to Customer that the product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship
under normal use during the Warranty Period. If the product fails to conform to the warranty then LOUD
or its authorized service representative will at its option, either repair or replace any such nonconforming
product, provided that Customer gives notice of the noncompliance within the Warranty Period to the
Company at: www.mackie.com/support or by calling LOUD technical support at 1.800.898.3211 (toll-free in the U.S. and Canada) during normal business hours Pacific Time, excluding weekends or
LOUD holidays. Please retain the original dated sales receipt as evidence of the date of purchase. You will
need it to obtain any warranty service.
For full terms and conditions, as well as the specific duration of the Warranty for this product, please visit
www.mackie.com/warranty.
The Product Warranty, together with your invoice or receipt, and the terms and conditions located
at www.mackie.com/warranty constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes any and all prior
agreements between LOUD and Customer related to the subject matter hereof. No amendment,
modification or waiver of any of the provisions of this Product Warranty will be valid unless set forth in a
written instrument signed by the party to be bound thereby.
Need help with your new interface?
• Visit www.mackie.com and click Support to find: FAQs, manuals, addendums, and other useful information.
• Email us at: techmail@mackie.com.
• Telephone 1-800-898-3211 to speak with one of our splendid technical support chaps (Monday through Friday,
normal business hours, PST).
Owner's Manual 19
16220 Wood-Red Road NE • Woodinville, WA 98072 • USA
United States and Canada: 800.898.3211
Europe, Asia, Central and South America: 425.487.4333
Middle East and Africa: 31.20.654.4000
Fax: 425.487.4337 • www.mackie.com
E-mail: sales@mackie.com
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