Yanmar | 6LPA-STZP2 | Specifications | Yanmar 6LPA-STZP2 Specifications

OPERATION MANUAL
MARINE ENGINE
6LPA-STP2
6LPA-STZP2
en
English
Disclaimers:
All information, illustrations and specifications in this manual are based on the latest
information available at the time of publishing. The illustrations used in this manual
are intended as representative reference views only. Moreover, because of our
continuous product improvement policy, we may modify information, illustrations
and/or specifications to explain and/or exemplify a product, service or maintenance
improvement. We reserve the right to make any change at any time without notice.
Yanmar and
are registered trademarks of YANMAR CO., LTD. in
Japan and/or other countries.
All Rights Reserved:
No part of this publication may be reproduced or used in any form by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, or
information storage and retrieval systems - without the written permission of
YANMAR CO., LTD.
OPERATION MANUAL
MODEL
6LPA-STP2, 6LPA-STZP2
CODE
0A6LP-G00103
All Rights Reserved, Copyright
TABLE OF
CONTENTS
Page
INTRODUCTION .............................................................. 1
Record of Ownership ................................................. 2
SAFETY ........................................................................... 3
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ..........................................
General Information .............................................
Before You Operate.............................................
During Operation and Maintenance.....................
4
4
4
4
LOCATION OF SAFETY DECALS ............................ 8
PRODUCT OVERVIEW ................................................... 9
YANMAR 6LPA SERIES FEATURES AND
APPLICATIONS ......................................................... 9
New Engine Break-In......................................... 10
COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION ............................ 11
Service Side
(Left Side as Viewed from Propeller) ................. 11
Non-Service Side............................................... 12
NAMEPLATES ......................................................... 13
FUNCTION OF MAJOR COMPONENTS ................ 14
CONTROL EQUIPMENT ......................................... 15
Instrument Panel (Optional)............................... 15
Remote Control (Throttle) Handle...................... 21
BEFORE YOU OPERATE ............................................. 25
INTRODUCTION...................................................... 25
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ........................................ 25
6LPA Series Operation Manual
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIESEL FUEL...........................................................
Diesel Fuel Specifications ..................................
Handling of Diesel Fuel ......................................
Fuel Tank (Optional) ..........................................
Fuel System .......................................................
Filling the Fuel Tank...........................................
Bleeding the Fuel System ..................................
26
26
27
28
28
28
29
ENGINE OIL .............................................................
Engine Oil Specifications ..................................
Engine Oil Viscosity ...........................................
Checking the Engine Oil.....................................
Adding Engine Oil ..............................................
30
30
31
31
31
MARINE DRIVE OIL .................................................
Mercruiser® Bravo Stern Drive Oil
Specifications .....................................................
Checking and Adding Marine Drive Oil ..............
Checking and Adding Power Steering Oil
(6LPA-STZP2 Models) .......................................
32
33
ENGINE COOLANT .................................................
Engine Coolant Specifications ...........................
Coolant (Closed Cooling System) ......................
Checking and Adding Coolant............................
33
33
34
34
32
32
CRANKING THE ENGINE ....................................... 36
ENGINE OPERATION .................................................... 37
INTRODUCTION ...................................................... 37
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS......................................... 37
STARTING THE ENGINE ........................................
If the Engine Fails to Start..................................
Starting at Low Temperatures............................
After the Engine has Started ..............................
39
40
41
42
REMOTE CONTROL HANDLE OPERATION .......... 43
Acceleration and Deceleration ........................... 43
Shifting the Engine ............................................. 44
CAUTIONS DURING OPERATION.......................... 45
SHUTTING DOWN THE ENGINE ............................ 46
Normal Shutdown............................................... 46
CHECKING THE ENGINE AFTER OPERATION..... 47
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ........................................... 49
INTRODUCTION ...................................................... 49
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS......................................... 49
ii
6LPA Series Operation Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
12/05
PRECAUTIONS .......................................................
The Importance of Periodic Maintenance ..........
Performing Periodic Maintenance .....................
The Importance of Daily Checks .......................
Keep a Log of Engine Hours and Daily Checks
Yanmar Replacement Parts ..............................
Tools Required ..................................................
Ask Your Authorized Yanmar Marine Dealer or
Distributor for Help.............................................
Tightening Fasteners .........................................
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
52
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ................ 53
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES ..........
Daily Checks......................................................
After Initial 50 Hours of Operation .....................
Every 50 Hours of Operation .............................
Every 125 Hours of Operation ...........................
After Initial 250 Hours of Operation ...................
Every 250 Hours of Operation ...........................
Every 500 Hours of Operation ...........................
Every 1000 Hours of Operation .........................
Every 1250 Hours of Operation .........................
56
56
57
60
62
62
63
65
67
68
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................... 69
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ........................................ 69
TROUBLESHOOTING AFTER STARTING ............. 69
TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION................... 70
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART................................ 71
LONG-TERM STORAGE ............................................... 73
PREPARE ENGINE FOR LONG-TERM STORAGE 73
DRAIN SEAWATER COOLING SYSTEM ............... 74
RETURNING THE ENGINE TO SERVICE .............. 75
SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................... 77
PRINCIPAL ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS ................ 78
Marine Drive Specifications (Optional) .............. 79
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS .................................................... 81
PIPING DIAGRAMS................................................. 81
WIRING DIAGRAMS................................................ 87
6LPA Series Operation Manual
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
iv
6LPA Series Operation Manual
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the world of Yanmar Marine!
Yanmar Marine offers engines, drive
systems and accessories for all types of
boats, from runabouts to sailboats, and
from cruisers to mega yachts. In marine
leisure boating, the worldwide reputation of
Yanmar Marine is second to none. We
design our engines to respect nature. This
means quieter engines, with minimal
vibrations, cleaner than ever. All of our
engines meet applicable regulations,
including emissions, at the time of
manufacture.
To help you enjoy your Yanmar 6LPA
series engine for many years to come,
please follow these recommendations:
• Read and understand this Operation
Manual before you operate the machine
to ensure that you follow safe operating
practices and maintenance procedures.
• Keep this Operation Manual in a
convenient place for easy access.
• If this Operation Manual is lost or
damaged, order a new one from your
authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
• Make sure this manual is transferred to
subsequent owners. This manual should
be considered a permanent part of the
engine and remain with it.
• Constant efforts are made to improve the
quality and performance of Yanmar
products, so some details included in
this Operation Manual may differ slightly
from your engine. If you have any
questions about these differences,
please contact your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
• The specifications and components
(instrument panel, fuel tank, etc.)
described in this manual may differ from
ones installed on your vessel. Please
refer to the manual provided by the
manufacturer of these components.
• Refer to the Yanmar Limited Warranty
Handbook for a complete warranty
description.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
1
INTRODUCTION
RECORD OF OWNERSHIP
Take a few moments to record the information you need when you contact Yanmar for
service, parts or literature.
Engine Model: __________________________________________________________
Engine Serial No.: _______________________________________________________
Date Purchased:_________________________________________________________
Dealer:_________________________________________________________________
Dealer Phone:___________________________________________________________
2
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SAFETY
Yanmar considers safety of great
importance and recommends that anyone
that comes into close contact with its
products, such as those who install,
operate, maintain or service Yanmar
products, exercise care, common sense
and comply with the safety information in
this manual and on the machine’s safety
decals. Keep the labels from becoming
dirty or torn and replace them if they are
lost or damaged. Also, if you need to
replace a part that has a label attached to
it, make sure you order the new part and
label at the same time.
A
This safety alert symbol
appears with most safety
statements. It means
attention, become alert,
your safety is involved!
Please read and abide by
the message that follows
the safety alert symbol.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
DANGER
Indicates a hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
WARNING
Indicates a hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
CAUTION
Indicates a hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in minor or
moderate injury.
NOTICE
Indicates a situation which can cause
damage to the machine, personal property
and / or the environment, or cause the
equipment to operate improperly.
3
SAFETY
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
General Information
There is no substitute for common sense
and careful practices. Improper practices
or carelessness can cause burns, cuts,
mutilation, asphyxiation, other bodily injury
or death. This information contains general
safety precautions and guidelines that
must be followed to reduce risk to personal
safety. Special safety precautions are
listed in specific procedures. Read and
understand all of the safety precautions
before operation or performing repairs or
maintenance.
Before You Operate
DANGER
The safety messages that follow have
DANGER level hazards.
NEVER permit anyone to
install or operate the engine
without proper training.
Read and understand this
Operation Manual before you operate or
service the engine to ensure that you
follow safe operating practices and
maintenance procedures.
• Safety signs and labels are additional
reminders for safe operating and
maintenance techniques.
• See your authorized Yanmar Marine
dealer or distributor for additional
training.
During Operation and
Maintenance
WARNING
The safety messages that follow have
WARNING level hazards.
Explosion Hazard
While the engine is running
or the battery is charging,
hydrogen gas is being
produced and can be easily
ignited. Keep the area
around the battery
well-ventilated and keep sparks, open
flames and any other form of ignition
out of the area.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Diesel fuel is flammable and explosive
under certain conditions.
NEVER use a shop rag to catch the fuel.
Wipe up all spills immediately.
NEVER refuel with the engine running.
Fire Hazard
Undersized wiring systems
can cause an electrical fire.
Store any containers containing fuel or
other flammable products in a
well-ventilated area, away from any
combustibles or source of ignition.
Store any equipment in a designated
area away from moving parts.
NEVER use the engine compartment for
storage.
4
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SAFETY
12/05
WARNING
Sever Hazard
Rotating parts can cause
severe injury or death.
NEVER wear jewelry,
unbuttoned cuffs, ties or
loose-fitting clothing and
ALWAYS tie long hair back when
working near moving / rotating parts
such as the flywheel or PTO shaft. Keep
hands, feet and tools away from all
moving parts.
Exhaust Hazard
NEVER block windows,
vents or other means of
ventilation if the engine is
operating in an enclosed
area. All internal combustion engines
create carbon monoxide gas during
operation and special precautions are
required to avoid carbon monoxide
poisoning.
Alcohol and Drug Hazard
NEVER operate the engine
while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs, or when
feeling ill.
Exposure Hazard
ALWAYS wear personal
protective equipment
including appropriate
clothing, gloves, work
shoes, and eye and hearing protection
as required by the task at hand.
Sudden Movement Hazard
NEVER operate the engine while
wearing a headset to listen to music or
radio because it will be difficult to hear
the warning signals.
Burn Hazard
Some of the engine
surfaces become very hot
during operation and
shortly after shutdown.
Keep hands and other body
parts away from hot engine surfaces.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
5
SAFETY
CAUTION
The safety messages that follow have
CAUTION level hazards.
Poor Lighting Hazard
Ensure that the work area is adequately
illuminated. ALWAYS install wire cages
on portable safety lamps.
Tool Hazard
ALWAYS use tools appropriate for the
task at hand and use the correct size
tool for loosening or tightening
machine parts.
Flying Object Hazard
ALWAYS wear eye protection when
servicing the engine or when using
compressed air or high-pressure water.
Dust, flying debris, compressed air,
pressurized water or steam may injure
your eyes.
Coolant Hazard
Wear eye protection and
rubber gloves when you
handle engine coolant. If
contact with the eyes or skin should
occur, flush eyes and wash immediately
with clean water.
6
NOTICE
The safety messages that follow have
NOTICE level hazards.
It is important to perform daily checks as
listed in the Operation Manual. Periodic
maintenance prevents unexpected
downtime, reduces the number of
accidents due to poor engine performance
and helps extend the life of the engine.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor if you need to operate the
engine at high altitudes. At high altitudes
the engine will lose power, run rough and
produce exhaust gases that exceed the
design specifications.
ALWAYS be environmentally
responsible.
Follow the guidelines of your
country’s governmental
agencies for the proper disposal of
hazardous materials such as engine oil,
diesel fuel and engine coolant. Consult the
local authorities or reclamation facility.
NEVER dispose of hazardous materials by
dumping them into a sewer, on the ground,
or into ground water or waterways.
If a Yanmar Marine Engine is installed at
an angle that exceeds the specifications
stated in the Yanmar Marine Installation
Manuals, engine oil may enter the
combustion chamber causing excessive
engine speed, white exhaust smoke and
serious engine damage. This applies to
engines that run continuously or those that
run for short periods of time.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SAFETY
12/05
NOTICE
If you have an installation with two or three
engines and only one engine is operating,
the water pickup (thru-hull) of the
non-running engine(s) should be closed.
This will prevent water from being forced
past the seawater pump and eventually
finding its way into the engine. The result
of water entering the engine could cause
seizure or other serious problems.
If you have an installation with two or three
engines, and only one engine is operating,
please note that if the propeller shaft
thru-hull (stuffing box) is lubricated by
engine water pressure and the engines are
interconnected, care must be taken that
water from the running engine does not
enter the exhaust of the non-running
engine(s). This water could cause seizure
of the non-running engine(s). See your
authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor for a complete explanation of
this condition.
If you have an installation with two or three
engines, and only one engine is operating,
it is important to limit the amount of throttle
applied to the running engine. If you
observe black smoke or movement of the
throttle does not increase engine speed,
you are overloading the engine that is
running. Immediately throttle back to
approximately 2/3 throttle or to a setting
where the engine performs normally.
Failure to do so may cause the running
engine to overheat or cause excess carbon
buildup which may shorten the engine’s
life.
NEVER turn off the battery switch (if
equipped) or short the battery cables
during operation. Damage to the electrical
system will result.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
7
SAFETY
LOCATION OF SAFETY DECALS
Figure 1 show the location of safety decals on Yanmar 6LPA series marine engines.
6LPA Engines
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
DANGER
FULL
LOW
NEVER pour the
engine oil across
the full line.
119773-07280
(5)
0004813
Figure 1
1 – Part Number: 120324-07240
2 – Part Number: 128296-07260
3 – Part Number: 119773-07280
8
4 – Part Number: 128296–07300
5 – Part Number: 128296–07360
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
YANMAR 6LPA SERIES
FEATURES AND
APPLICATIONS
The 6LPA series are four-stroke direct
injection diesel engines equipped with
liquid coolant systems.
The 6LPA-STP2 engines are equipped
with a marine gear (ZF63A1 or KMH50A,
KMH50V).
The 6LPA-STZP2 engines are equipped
with a stern drive (ZT370, Mercruiser
Bravo).
These engines are designed for pleasure
craft use.
The engines are equipped with a marine
gear or sail drive unit.
These engines are designed for pleasure
craft use.
It is recommended that new vessels be
propped so the engines can operate at 50
to 100 min-1 above the fuel stop power
engine speed to allow for some added
weight and hull resistance.
The engine must be installed correctly with
coolant lines, exhaust gas lines and
electrical wiring. Any auxiliary equipment
attached to the engine should be easy to
use and accessible for service. To handle
the drive equipment, propulsion systems
(including the propeller) and other inboard
equipment, always observe the
instructions and cautions given in the
operation manuals supplied by the
shipyard and equipment manufacturers.
The 6LPA series engines are designed to
be operated at maximum throttle
(3800 min-1) for less than 5% of total
engine time (30 minutes out of every 10
hours) and cruising speed (2800 min-1 or
less) for less than 90% of total engine time
(9 hours out of every 10 hours).
The laws of some countries may require
hull and engine inspections, depending on
the use, size and cruising area of the boat.
The installation, fitting and surveying of
this engine all require specialized
knowledge and engineering skills. See
Yanmars local subsidiary in your region or
your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
Failure to do so can lead to reduced vessel
performance, lead to increased smoke
levels and cause permanent damage to
your engine.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
New Engine Break-In
As with all reciprocating engines, the way
your engine is operated during its first 50
hours of operation plays a very significant
role in determining how long it will last and
how well the engine will perform over its
lifetime.
A new Yanmar diesel engine must be
operated at suitable speeds and power
settings during the break-in period to make
the sliding parts, such as piston rings,
break-in properly and to stabilize engine
combustion.
During the break-in period, the engine
coolant temperature gauge should be
monitored; temperature should be
between 71° and 87°C (160° and 190°F).
During the first 10 hours of operation, the
engine should be run at maximum engine
speed minus 400 to 500 min-1
(approximately 60 to 70% of load) most of
the time. This will ensure the sliding parts
break in properly. During this period, avoid
operating at maximum engine speed and
load to avoid damaging or scoring sliding
parts.
NOTICE
Do not operate at WOT (wide open throttle)
for more than a minute at a time during the
first 10 hours of operation.
If operating engine at low speed and light
load, you must race the engine to clean the
carbon from the cylinders and fuel injection
valve.
Perform this procedure in open waters:
• With the clutch in NEUTRAL, accelerate
from the low-speed position to the
high-speed position briefly.
• Repeat this process five times.
Once past the initial 10 hours until 50
hours, the engine should be used over its
full operating range, with special emphasis
on running at relatively high power
settings. This is not the time for an
extended cruise at idle or low speed. The
boat should be run at maximum speed
minus 400 min-1 most of the time
(approximately 70% load), with a 10
minute run at maximum minus 200 min-1
(approximately 80% load) every
30 minutes and a 4 to 5 minute period of
operation at WOT (wide open throttle)
once each 30 minutes. During this period,
be sure not to operate your engine at low
speed and light load for more than
30 minutes. If operating engine at low
speed and light load by necessity, just after
the low idle operation, be sure to race the
engine.
To complete engine break-in, perform After
Initial 50 Hours of Operation maintenance
procedures. See After Initial 50 Hours of
Operation on page 57.
Do not operate the engine at low idle or at
low speed and light load for more than
30 minutes at a time. Since unburned fuel
and engine oil will adhere to the piston
rings when operating at low speeds for
long periods, this will interfere with proper
movement of the rings and the engine oil
consumption may increase. Low idle
speed does not allow break-in of sliding
parts.
10
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
Service Side (Left Side as Viewed from Propeller)
Note: 6LPA-STZP2 with stern drive shown. Components marked with an * are for
6LPA-STZP2 only.
Figure 1
(5)
(3)
(2)
(6)
(4)
(1)
(12)
(11)
(10)
(9)
(8)
(7)
0004884
Figure 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
– Fuel Cooler
– Fuel Filter
– Power Steering Oil Cooler*
– Engine Oil Filter
– Intercooler
– Mixing Elbow
6LPA Series Operation Manual
7 – Engine Oil Cooler
8 – Starter
9 – Engine Oil Cooler
10 – Fuel Injection Pump
11 – Seawater Pump
12 – Stern Drive
11
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Non-Service Side
Figure 2
(2)
(1)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(11)
(7)
(10)
(9)
(8)
0004885
Figure 2
1 – Turbocharger
2 – Engine Nameplate (on rocker
arm cover)
3 – Fresh Water (Coolant) Tank
4 – Power Steering Oil Tank*
5 – Fresh Water Filler Cap
12
6 – Engine Oil Filler Cap
7 – Power Steering Oil Pump*
8 – Alternator
9 – Engine Oil Dipstick
10 – Fresh Water Cooler
11 – V-Belt
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
NAMEPLATES
The nameplate of Yanmar 6LPA series
engines is shown in Figure 3. The
nameplate is located on the engine rocker
arm cover. Check the engine's model,
output, rpm and serial number on the
nameplate. Replace if damaged or lost.
Model
Gear Model
Continuous power kW
min-1
/
min-1
Speed of prop shaft
Fuel stop power kW
/
min-1
ENG.No.
0004574
Figure 3
6LPA Series Operation Manual
13
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
FUNCTION OF MAJOR COMPONENTS
Name of Component
Function
Fuel Filter
Removes dirt and water from the fuel. The filter is a cartridge type, and the inner
element should be replaced before clogging occurs. A water separator is on the
bottom of the filter and should be drained periodically.
Fuel Feed Pump
A mechanical pump that pumps fuel from the tank to the fuel injection pump. It is
built in to the fuel injection pump.
Fuel Bleed Pump
This is a manual fuel pump. Pushing the knob on the top of the fuel filter feeds
the fuel. The pump is also used to bleed air from the fuel system.
Engine Oil Filler Port
Filler port for engine oil.
Engine Oil Filter
Filters fine metal fragments and carbon from the engine oil. Filtered engine oil is
distributed to the engine’s moving parts. The filter is a cartridge type and should
be replaced periodically.
Engine Oil Dipstick
Gauge stick for checking the engine oil level.
Marine Gear Oil Filler Port (If
Equipped)
Filler port for marine gear lube oil. Located on top of the marine gear case.
Cooling System
There are two cooling systems: coolant and seawater.
• Coolant Tank
• Heat Exchanger
• Coolant Pump
The tank stores the coolant and is connected to the heat exchanger. Cooling
seawater passes through the heat exchanger to cool the coolant by heat
exchange. After cooling, the coolant is fed by the coolant pump to the inside of
the engine, around the combustion chamber, turbocharger and then returned to
the tank.
Filler Cap
Located on the top of the coolant tank. It has two pressure regulating valves
(release and retraction valves). When the coolant temperature rises, the
pressure inside the coolant tank increases causing the release valve in the filler
cap to open.
Reservoir
Hot water and steam pass through a rubber hose to the reservoir for cooling. (The
filler port and the reservoir are connected by a rubber hose.) When the load is
reduced and the coolant temperature falls, the pressure in the coolant tank is
lowered, activating the retraction valve in the filler cap. This causes the coolant
in the reservoir to return to the coolant tank. This process reduces the
consumption of coolant.
Turbocharger
A pressurized intake air feeding device. The exhaust gas turbine is rotated by the
exhaust gas and the power is used to rotate the blower. This pressurizes the
intake air for sending to the cylinder.
Charge air cooler
This heat exchanger cools the pressurized charging air from the turbocharger
with water.
Zinc Anode
The metal area of the seawater cooling system is prone to galvanic corrosion.
The zinc anode is installed in the various coolers to prevent this. When the zinc
anode becomes worn, components in the fresh water cooler, oil cooler, etc. will
corrode. Periodic replacement of the zinc anode is necessary.
Nameplates
Nameplates are provided on the engine and have the model, serial number and
other data.
Starter
A DC motor for starting the engine. Electric current causes the pinion gear to
engage with the ring gear on the flywheel to start the engine.
Alternator
This generator rotates by a V-belt drive to charge the battery during operation.
14
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
CONTROL EQUIPMENT
The control equipment at the helm makes remote control operation possible. It consists of
the instrument panel, which is connected to the engine by a wire harness, and the remote
control (throttle) handle, which is connected by control cables to the engine control lever.
Instrument Panel (Optional)
Equipment and Functions
The instrument panel has the following gauges and alarm devices.
c = Available, — = Not Available
New B-Type
Panel See
(Figure 3)
New C-Type
Panel See
(Figure 4)
New D-Type
Panel See
(Figure 5)
Alarm (Buzzer)
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
Alarm (Buzzer) Stop
Switch
c
c
c
Backlight Switch for
Gauges
c
c
c
Gauge or Switch
Key (Starter) Switch
Engine Stop Button
Switches
Warning
Indicators
Gauges
Clock
Indicator
Battery Low Charge
c
c
c
Fresh Water
(Coolant) High
Temperature
c
c
c
Engine (Lube) Oil
Low Pressure
c
c
c
Fresh Water
(Coolant) Level
—
c
c
Exhaust (Cooling
Seawater Flow)
c
c
c
Fuel Filter (Water
Separator)
c
c
c
Gear Oil
(6LPA-STZP2 Only)
—
c
c
Tachometer with
Hourmeter
c
c
c
Engine (Lube) Oil
Pressure Gauge
—
c
c
Fresh Water
(Coolant)
Temperature Gauge
—
c
c
Turbocharger Boost
Pressure Gauge
—
—
c
Quartz Clock
Preheat Indicator
c
(Option)
c
(Option)
6LPA Series Operation Manual
c
c
c
c
(Option)
(Option)
15
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Figure 3New B-Type
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(8)
(7)
(6)
0003281_m1
Figure 4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
– Warning Indicator Display
– Tachometer
– Alarm Stop Switch
– Panel Illumination Switch
– Engine Stop Button
– Starter (Key) Switch
– Alarm
– Hourmeter
Figure 4New C-Type
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(10)
(9)
(8)
0003282_m1
Figure 5
1 – Engine Oil Pressure Gauge
2 – Fresh Water (Coolant)
Temperature Gauge
3 – Tachometer
4 – Alarm Stop Switch
16
5 – Panel Illumination Switch
6 – Engine Stop Button
7 – Start (Key) Switch
8 – Alarm
9 – Hourmeter
10 – Warning Indicator Display
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
Figure 5New D-Type
(1)
(2)
(3)
(12)
(4)
(5)
(11) (10) (9)
(6) (7)
(8)
0003283_m1
Figure 6
1 – Turbocharger Boost Pressure
Gauge
2 – Engine Oil Pressure Gauge
3 – Fresh Water (Coolant)
Temperature Gauge
4 – Tachometer
5 – Alarm Stop Switch
6 – Panel Illumination Switch
7 – Engine Stop Button
8 – Start (Key) Switch
9 – Alarm
10 – Hourmeter
11 – Clock
12 – Warning Indicator Display
Available Alarm Switches and Meter Senders
c = Standard, † = Optional
6LPA-STP2, 6LPA-STZP2
Switches
Senders
Battery Not Charging
c
Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature Too High
c
Engine (Lube) Oil Pressure Too Low
c
Fresh Water (Coolant) Level Too Low
†
Exhaust (Cooling Seawater Flow) Restriction
†
Gear Oil (Stern Drive Models Only)
†
Fuel Filter
c
Tachometer
c
Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature
†
Engine (Lube) Oil Pressure
†
Boost Pressure
†
Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature
Engine (Lube) Oil Pressure
6LPA Series Operation Manual
For two
stations
†
†
17
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Switches and Gauges
Switch or Gauge
Function
OFF (2): The key can be inserted or removed from switch. All
power is turned off. *
ON (3): For engine operation. Gauges and alarms are
operational.
(1)
(2)
START (4): For starting engine. When key is released after
engine starts, key automatically moves to ON position.
(3)
(4)
NOTICE
NEVER hold the key in the START position for longer than 15
seconds or the starter motor will overheat.
0003622
GLOW (1): For air heater (optional).
Starter (Key) Switch
Engine Stop Button
Press the button to stop the engine by cutting off the fuel flow.
Continue to press the button until the engine has stopped. **
Warning Alarm (Buzzer)
The alarm sounds if an abnormality is detected. See Warning
Devices on page 19.
Warning Indicators
The lamps illuminate when an abnormality is detected. See
Warning Devices on page 19.
Alarm (Buzzer) Stop Switch
The switch is used to shut the alarm off temporarily. Turn the
alarm (buzzer) OFF when inspecting for cause.
WARNING
Inspect and repair the abnormality immediately.
Backlight Switch
Turns instrument panel backlighting OFF or ON.
Hourmeter
Shows the total number of operating hours. Can be used as a
guide for periodic maintenance checks. The hourmeter is
located at the bottom of the tachometer.
Engine (Lube) Oil Pressure Gauge
Shows the engine (lube) oil pressure.
Fresh Water (Coolant) Temperature Gauge
Shows the cooling fresh water temperature.
Turbocharger Boost Pressure Gauge
Shows the intake air pressure (intake air boost pressure of
turbocharger).
Preheat Indicator (If equipped)
Illuminates when the air heater is heating up for easier starting
in cold temperatures. Indicator is located in the warning lamp
cluster.
* The engine cannot be stopped by the starter (key) switch. Use the engine stop button to turn engine OFF.
** Releasing the engine stop button before the engine has stopped rotating will cause the engine to continue to run.
18
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
Warning Devices
When a sensor detects a problem during operation, the indicator on the instrument panel
will light and an alarm will sound. Indicators are located on the instrument panel, the alarm
is located on the back of the panel. Under normal operating conditions, the indicators are
off.
• Alarm (Buzzer): If a warning lamp illuminates, the alarm will sound. However, no alarm
will sound when the battery charging lamp illuminates.
• Alarm (Buzzer) Stop Switch: When investigating the cause of an alarm, press the alarm
(buzzer) stop switch.
WARNING
The switch is used to shut the alarm off temporarily. Turn the alarm (buzzer) OFF when
inspecting for cause. Inspect and repair the abnormality immediately.
• Warning Indicators: When operation is normal, the warning indicators are OFF. If an
abnormality is detected, the sensor will trigger the appropriate warning indicator to light.
Battery Low Charge Indicator
When the alternator output is too low, the indicator will light. When
charging begins, the indicator will turn off. No alarm will sound for low
battery charge.
Fresh Water (Coolant) High Temperature Indicator and Alarm
When the coolant temperature reaches the maximum allowable
temperature (95°C [203°F] or higher), the indicator will light and the alarm
will sound. Continuing operation at temperatures exceeding the maximum
limit will result in damage and seizure. Check the load and troubleshoot the
fresh water cooling system.
Engine (Lube) Oil Low Pressure Indicator and Alarm
When the engine oil pressure falls below the specified level, the oil
pressure sensor will send a signal to the indicator causing it to light and the
alarm to sound. Stop operation immediately to avoid damage to the
engine. Check the oil level and troubleshoot the lubrication system.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
19
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Fresh Water (Coolant) Level Indicator and Alarm
0004882
When the amount of cooling water in the fresh water recovery tank falls
below normal, the sensor will send a signal to the indicator causing it to
light and the alarm to sound. Stop operation immediately to avoid damage
to the engine. Check the water level in the cooling water recovery tank and
troubleshoot the cooling system.
Fuel Filter (Water Separator)
When the water level inside the water separator becomes too high, the
sensor will send a signal to the indicator causing it to light. Drain the water
separator. If operation is continued without draining the water separator,
fuel feed to the engine is restricted and may cause damage to the engine
or fuel injection pump.
Exhaust (Cooling Seawater Flow) Restriction
When the amount of cooling seawater being discharged is too low, the
sensor will activate the warning indicator. Stop operation immediately to
avoid damage to the engine. Check the seawater cooling system for
restriction or damage.
Gear Oil Level (6LPA-STZP2 Only)
When the amount of gear oil falls below normal, the sensor will send a
signal to the indicator causing it to light and the alarm to sound. Stop
engine immediately to avoid damage to the gear device. Check the oil level
in the gear and troubleshoot the gear system.
Alarms
Check that indicators and alarms are working normally when the key is turned to ON.
OFF ⇒ ON
START ⇒ ON
Engine
Before starting
Running
Alarm
ON
OFF
Battery Low Charge Indicator
ON
OFF
Fresh Water (Coolant) High Temperature Indicator
OFF
OFF
Engine (Lube) Oil Low Pressure Indicator
ON
OFF
Fresh Water (Coolant) Level Indicator
OFF
OFF
Fuel Filter (Water Separator) Indicator
OFF
OFF
Exhaust (Cooling Seawater Flow) Restriction Indicator
ON
OFF
Gear Oil Level (6LPA-STZP2 Only)
OFF
OFF
Key Switch
Indicators
20
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
Key (Starter) Switch
Engine Stop Button
Figure 6
Figure 7
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1)
(4)
0004881
0003622
Figure 7
The GLOW position (Figure 7, (1)) is the
start aid position. Electric current to the air
heater (if equipped) is turned on.
The START position (Figure 7, (4)) allows
current to the starting motor. When starting
the engine, move the key to the START
position and release. The key will
automatically move to the ON position.
NOTICE
NEVER hold the key in the START position
for longer than 15 seconds or the starter
motor will overheat.
Figure 8
Push and hold the stop button
(Figure 8, (1)) on the instrument panel to
stop the engine. When the stop button is
pushed, the solenoid valve on the fuel
injection pumps stops the fuel supply to
the engine.
Press and hold the engine stop button until
the engine has come to a complete stop.
NOTICE
Releasing the engine stop button before
the engine has stopped rotating will cause
the engine to continue to run.
Remote Control (Throttle) Handle
When the key is in the OFF position
(Figure 7, (2)) the electric current is off.
The key can be inserted or removed in this
position.
The ON position (Figure 7, (3)) allows
electrical current to the controls and
equipment and allows the engine to keep
running. To stop the engine, keep the key
switch in the ON position and push the
engine stop button. After stopping the
engine, turn key to OFF position.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
The engine is controlled by the remote
control handle located in the cockpit. The
speed control lever on the engine and
clutch lever on the marine drive are
connected by remote control cables. There
are various models of remote control
handles available. When using a model
other than shown below, consult the
manufacturer's documentation for more
information.
21
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Morse Remote Control Handle
(Optional)
Figure 9MV Side Mount
This is a single-lever remote control handle
connected by a remote cable. It operates
the clutch to NEUTRAL, FORWARD and
REVERSE and controls the engine speed.
(4)
(3)
(5)
(6)
(2)
Figure 8MT-3 Top Mount
(4)
(3)
(5)
(6)
(1)
(2)
(7)
(7)
0004887
(1)
Figure 10
0004886
Figure 9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
– Reverse High Speed
– Reverse Low Speed
– Reverse
– Neutral
– Forward
– Forward Low Speed
– Forward High Speed
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
– Forward High Speed
– Forward Low Speed
– Forward
– Neutral
– Reverse
– Reverse Low Speed
– Reverse High Speed
The operation labels on the handle are:
• FWD - Forward
• NEU - Neutral (Clutch Disengaged)
• Throttle - Position to reduce engine
speed
• REV - Reverse
Starting and Stopping
Put the handle in NEUTRAL. This puts the
clutch in the disengaged position and the
engine at a low speed.
Forward
Move the handle from NEUTRAL to FWD
(forward). This engages the clutch in
forward and simultaneously increases the
engine speed. Pushing the handle further
in the same direction increases engine
speed to full speed.
22
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
12/05
Reverse
Figure 11MV
Move the handle from NEUTRAL to REV
(reverse). This engages the clutch in
reverse and simultaneously increases the
engine speed. Pushing the handle further
in the same direction increases engine
speed to full speed.
(3)
(2)
(4)
Free Throttle Operation
When the boat is stopped (clutch is in
NEUTRAL) the idling speed of the engine
can be increased in the following manner:
1. Ensure the handle is in NEUTRAL.
2. Disengage the clutch:
(1)
0004889
Figure 12
1 – High Speed
2 – Low Speed
3 – Neutral
4 – Free Throttle Button
3. • MT-3: Pull the throttle handle
(Figure 11, (4)) all the way out.
Figure 10MT-3
(1)
(2)
• MV: Pull out the free throttle button
(Figure 12, (4)), located next to the
handle.
(4)
(3)
When the handle or button is pulled out,
move the handle to either FORWARD or
REVERSE to increase the idling speed.
Returning to Normal Operation
• MT-3: Move the throttle handle to
NEUTRAL (Figure 11, (1)). The lever
will automatically return to the normal
position.
0004888
Figure 11
1
2
3
4
• MV: Move throttle handle to NEUTRAL
(Figure 12, (3)). Push the free throttle
button in.
– Neutral
– Low Speed
– High Speed
– Remote Control (Throttle)
Handle
6LPA Series Operation Manual
23
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Page Intentionally Left Blank
24
6LPA Series Operation Manual
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
INTRODUCTION
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the diesel fuel, engine oil and
engine coolant specifications and how to
replenish them.
Before performing any operations within
this section, review the Safety section on
page 3.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
25
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
DIESEL FUEL
B7 diesel fuels must meet certain
specifications.
Diesel Fuel Specifications
The biodiesel fuels must meet the
minimum specifications for the country in
which they are used:
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard.
Diesel fuel is flammable and explosive
under certain conditions.
Only use diesel fuels recommended by
Yanmar for the best engine performance,
to prevent engine damage. Only use clean
diesel fuel.
Diesel fuel should comply with the
following specifications. The table lists
several worldwide specifications for diesel
fuels.
DIESEL FUEL
SPECIFICATION
LOCATION
No. 2-D, No. 1-D, ASTM
D6751, D7467,
USA
EN590-2009, EN14214
European Union
ISO 8217 DMX
International
BS 2869-A1 or A2
United Kingdom
JIS K2204 Grade No. 2
Japan
Biodiesel Fuels
Yanmar approves the use of biodiesel fuels
that do not exceed a blend of 7%
non-mineral oil based fuel with 93%
standard diesel fuel. Such biodiesel fuels
are known in the marketplace as B7
biodiesel fuels. B7 biodiesel fuel can
reduce particulate matter and the emission
of “greenhouse” gases compared to
standard diesel fuel.
• In Europe, biodiesel fuels must comply
with the European Standard
EN590-2009, EN14214.
• In the United States, biodiesel fuels must
comply with the American Standard
ASTM D-6751, D7467.
Biodiesel should be purchased only from
recognized and authorized diesel fuel
suppliers.
Precautions and concerns regarding
the use of biofuels:
• Biodiesel fuels have a higher content of
methyl-esters, which may deteriorate
certain metal, rubber and plastic
components of the fuel system. The
customer and / or boat builder are
responsible to verify the usage of
biodiesel compatible components on the
vessel fuel supply and return systems.
• Free water in biodiesel may result in
plugging of fuel filters and increased
bacterial growth.
• High viscosity at low temperatures may
result in fuel delivery problems, injection
pump seizures and poor injection nozzle
spray atomization.
• Biodiesel may have adverse effects on
some elastomers (seal materials) and
may result in fuel leakage and dilution of
the engine lubricating oil.
If the B7 biodiesel fuel used does not meet
the approved specifications, it will cause
abnormal wear of injectors, reduce the life
of the engine and it may affect the warranty
coverage of your engine.
26
6LPA Series Operation Manual
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
• Even biodiesel fuels that comply with a
suitable standard as delivered will
require additional care and attention to
maintain the quality of the fuel in the
equipment or other fuel tanks. It is
important to maintain a supply of clean,
fresh fuel. Regular flushing of the fuel
system, and / or fuel storage containers,
may be necessary.
• The use of biodiesel fuels that do not
comply with the standards as agreed to
by the diesel engine manufacturers and
the diesel fuel injection equipment
manufacturers, or biodiesel fuels that
have degraded as per the precautions
and concerns above, may affect the
warranty coverage of your engine.
Additional Technical Fuel
Requirements
• The fuel cetane number should be 45 or
higher.
• The sulfur content must not exceed 0.5%
by volume. Less than 0.05% is preferred.
• NEVER mix kerosene, used engine oil or
residual fuels with the diesel fuel.
• Water and sediment in the fuel should
not exceed 0.05% by volume.
• Keep the fuel tank and fuel-handling
equipment clean at all times.
• Ash content not to exceed 0.01% by
volume.
Handling of Diesel Fuel
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard.
Only fill the fuel tank with diesel fuel.
Filling the fuel tank with gasoline may
result in a fire and will damage the
engine. NEVER refuel with the engine
running. Wipe up all spills immediately.
Keep sparks, open flames or any other
form of ignition (match, cigarette, static
electric source) well away when
refueling.
Fire and Explosion Hazard.
ALWAYS put the diesel fuel container
on the ground when transferring the
diesel fuel from the pump to the
container. Hold the hose nozzle firmly
against the side of the container while
filling it. This prevents static electricity
buildup which could cause sparks and
ignite fuel vapors.
1. Water and dust in the fuel may cause
engine failure. When fuel is stored, be
sure that the inside of the storage
container is clean and dry, and that the
fuel is stored away from dirt or rain.
Figure 1
• Carbon residue content not to exceed
0.35% by volume. Less than 0.1% is
preferred.
• Total aromatics content should not
exceed 35% by volume. Less than 30%
is preferred.
• PAH (poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)
content should be below 10% by volume.
• Do not use Beside.
• Do not use kerosene or residual fuels.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
0004512
Figure 1
27
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
2. Keep the fuel container stationary for
several hours to allow any dirt or water
to settle to the bottom of the container.
Use a pump to extract the clear, filtered
fuel from the top of the container.
Fuel System
Install the fuel line from the fuel tank to the
fuel injection pump as shown in Figure 3.
Figure 3
1
Fuel Tank (Optional)
8
2
Figure 2
3
9
10
5
7
(3)
4
6
(1)
(2)
0004898
Figure 2
1 – Sediment Bowl
2 – Drain Cock
3 – Fuel Line to Engine
Install a drain cock (Figure 2, (2)) at the
bottom of the fuel tank to remove water
and contaminants from the sediment bowl
(Figure 2, (1)).
The fuel outlet should be positioned 20 to
30 mm (0.75 to 1.125 in.) above the
bottom of the tank so that only clean fuel is
distributed to the engine.
0004788
Figure 3
1 – Fuel Filter
2 – Fuel Feed Pump (Priming
Lever)
3 – Fuel / Water Separator
(Optional)
4 – Approximately 20 - 30 mm (0.75
- 1.125 in.)
5 – Within 500 mm (20 in.)
6 – Drain Cock
7 – Fuel Cock
8 – Fuel Return Line
9 – To Fuel Injection Pump
10 – Fuel Tank
Filling the Fuel Tank
Before filling fuel tank for the first
time:
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard.
NEVER refuel with the engine running.
Rinse fuel tank with kerosene or diesel
fuel. Dispose of waste properly.
28
6LPA Series Operation Manual
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
Filling the fuel tank:
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard.
Operate bilge ventilation (blowers) for a
minimum of 5 minutes to purge fumes
from engine compartment after
refueling. Never operate bilge blower
while refueling. Doing so can pump
explosive fumes into the engine
compartment and result in an
explosion.
1. Clean the area around the fuel cap.
Bleeding the Fuel System
Bleeding must be done if any fuel system
maintenance has been performed
(replacement of fuel filter, etc.) or if the
engine does not start after several
attempts.
Figure 4
(1)
(2)
2. Remove the fuel cap from the fuel tank.
3. Fill the tank with clean fuel free of oil
and dirt.
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard.
Hold the hose nozzle firmly against
the filler port while filling. This
prevents static electricity buildup
which could cause sparks and ignite
fuel vapors.
0004908
Figure 4
4. Stop fueling when the gauge shows the
fuel tank is full.
WARNING
Fire and Explosion Hazard.
NEVER overfill the fuel tank.
1 – Priming Pump
2 – Air Bleed Screw
1. Check the fuel level in the fuel tank.
Refill if necessary.
2. Open the fuel cock of the fuel tank.
WARNING
5. Replace the fuel cap and hand-tighten.
Over-tightening the fuel cap will
damage it.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
Exposure Hazard.
Always wear safety glasses when
bleeding the fuel system.
29
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
3. Loosen the air bleed screw
(Figure 4, (2)) two to three turns.
4. Push up and down on the priming
pump (Figure 4, (1)) to release air out
of the air bleed screw.
5. Continue pumping until a solid stream
of fuel with no air bubbles begins to
flow.
6. Tighten the air bleed screw.
NOTICE
NEVER use an engine starting aid such
as ether. Engine damage will result.
ENGINE OIL
Engine Oil Specifications
Using engine oil that does not meet or
exceed the following guidelines or
specifications may cause seizure of parts,
abnormal wear and shorten engine life.
Service Categories
Use an engine oil that meets or exceeds
the following guidelines and classifications:
• API Service Categories: CD or higher
• SAE Viscosity:
10W30, 15W40. Engine oil 10W30 and
15W40 can be used throughout the year.
NOTICE
• Be sure the engine oil, engine oil storage
containers and engine oil filling
equipment are free of sediment or water.
• Change the engine oil after the first 50
hours of operation and then at every 250
hours thereafter.
• Select the oil viscosity based on the
ambient temperature where the engine
is being operated. See the SAE Service
Grade Viscosity Chart (Figure 5).
• Yanmar does not recommend the use of
engine oil “additives.”
30
6LPA Series Operation Manual
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
Checking the Engine Oil
Figure 5
(4)
(5)
(1)
(2)
(3)
Figure 5
Handling Engine Oil
1. When handling and storing engine oil,
be careful not to allow dust and water to
contaminate the oil. Clean around the
filler port before filling.
2. Do not mix oils of different types or
brands. Mixing may cause the chemical
characteristics of the oil to change and
lubricating performance to decrease,
reducing the engine’s life.
3. Engine oil should be replaced at the
specified intervals, regardless if the
engine has been operated.
Engine Oil Viscosity
SAE 10W30 or SAE 15W40 are the
recommended oil viscosities.
NOTICE
If you intend to operate your equipment at
temperatures outside the limits shown, you
must consult your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor for special
lubricants or starting aids.
0004902
Figure 6
1. Make sure the engine is level.
2. Remove dipstick (Figure 6, (2)) and
wipe with clean cloth.
3. Fully reinsert dipstick.
4. Remove dipstick. The oil level should
be between upper (Figure 6, (2)) and
lower (Figure 6, (3)) lines on the
dipstick.
5. Add oil if necessary. See Adding
Engine Oil on page 31.
6. Fully reinsert dipstick.
Adding Engine Oil
1. Remove theoil filler port cap from filler
port (Figure 6, (5)) and fill with engine
oil.
NOTICE
Prevent dirt and debris from
contaminating engine oil. Carefully
clean the dipstick and the surrounding
area before you remove the cap.
2. Fill with engine oil to the upper limit
(Figure 6, (2)) on the dipstick
(Figure 6, (1)).
6LPA Series Operation Manual
31
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
NOTICE
NEVER overfill the engine with engine
oil.
3. Insert the dipstick fully to check the level.
NOTICE
ALWAYS keep the oil level between
upper and lower lines on the oil cap /
dipstick.
4. Hand-tighten the filler port cap
securely.
MARINE DRIVE OIL
Note: Refer to the marine gear
manufacturer's operation
manual for the marine gear oil
specifications. Refer to the
manufacturer's operation
manual for marine gear or stern
drive oil specifications.
Mercruiser® Bravo Stern Drive
Oil Specifications
Use marine gear oil that meets or exceeds
the following guidelines and classifications:
Drive Oil
• Quick Silver® 1 High Performance Gear
Lube
Power Steering Oil (6LPA-STZP2
Only)
• Quick Silver® Power Trim and Steering
Fluid or Dexlone-II.
Power Trim Oil
• Quick Silver® Power Trim and Steering
Fluid or SAE 10W-30 or 10W-40 Engine
Oil.
Checking and Adding Marine
Drive Oil
Note: Refer to the manufacturer's
operation manual for the proper
procedure to check and fill the
marine drive oil.
1Quick
32
Silver is a registered trademark of Brunswick ® Corporation.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
Checking and Adding Power
Steering Oil (6LPA-STZP2
Models)
ENGINE COOLANT
Engine Coolant Specifications
Note: In the U.S., LLC is required for
the warranty to be valid.
Figure 6
(4)
• Texaco Long Life Coolant (LLC), both
standard and premixed, product code
7997 and 7998
(3)
(2)
• Havoline Extended Life
Antifreeze / Coolant, product code 7994
(1)
0004912
Figure 7
1. Remove the filler cap / dipstick
(Figure 7, (3) (4)) from the power
steering oil service tank (Figure 7, (1))
and wipe with a clean cloth.
Following the manufacturer’s
recommendations, use a proper LLC which
will not have any adverse effects on the
materials (cast iron, aluminum, copper,
etc.) of the engineÅfs cooling system.
ALWAYS use the mixing ratios specified by
the antifreeze manufacturer for the
temperature range.
2. Fully reinsert dipstick.
3. Remove dipstick. The oil level should
be between upper (Figure 7, (3)) and
lower (Figure 7, (2)) lines on the
dipstick.
4. Fill with oil to the upper limit on the
dipstick. See Mercruiser® Bravo Stern
Drive Oil Specifications on page 32.
NOTICE
NEVER overfill the power steering
system with oil.
5. Fully reinsert dipstick and tighten.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
33
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
Coolant (Closed Cooling System)
Checking and Adding Coolant
Figure 7
NOTICE
ALWAYS add LLC to soft water especially
when operating in cold weather. NEVER
use hard water. Water should be clean and
free from sludge or particles. Without LLC,
cooling performance will decrease due to
scale and rust in the coolant system. Water
alone may freeze and form ice; it expands
approximately 9% in volume. Use the
proper amount of coolant concentrate for
the ambient temperature as specified by
the LLC manufacturer. LLC concentration
should be a minimum of 30% to a
maximum of 60%. Too much LLC will
decrease the cooling efficiency. Excessive
use of antifreeze also lowers the cooling
efficiency of the engine. NEVER mix
different types or brands of LLC, as a
harmful sludge may form. Mixing different
brands of antifreeze may cause chemical
reactions, and may make the antifreeze
useless or cause engine problems.
(1)
0004910
Figure 8
1. Ensure all drain cocks are closed.
2. Loosen the filler cap of the coolant tank
to relieve the pressure, then remove the
filler cap (Figure 8, (1)) .
WARNING
Burn Hazard.
NEVER remove the coolant filler cap
if the engine is hot. Steam and hot
engine coolant will spray out and
seriously burn you. Allow the engine
to cool down before you attempt to
remove the cap.
3. Pour coolant slowly into the coolant
tank to avoid air bubbles. Fill until
coolant overflows from the filler port.
NOTICE
NEVER pour cold coolant into a hot
engine.
4. Align filler cap tabs with filler port
notches and tighten filler cap firmly.
34
6LPA Series Operation Manual
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
12/05
NOTICE
Reservoir Capacity
ALWAYS tighten reservoir cap securely
after checking reservoir. Steam can
spray out during engine operation if the
cap is loose..
Note: The coolant level rises in the
reservoir during operation. After
stopping the engine, the coolant
will cool down and the extra
coolant will return to reservoir.
Figure 8
(4)
(1)
0.8 L (0.85 qt)
8. Check the rubber hose(Figure 9, (1))
connecting the reservoir to the coolant
tank / heat exchanger. Replace if
damaged.
Note: If the coolant runs low too often
or the coolant level in the coolant
tank drops without any change
in the level in the reservoir, there
may be water or air leaks in the
cooling system. See your
authorized Yanmar dealer or
distributor.
(2)
FULL
(3)
LOW
0004493
Figure 9
5. Check the coolant level in the reservoir.
The level should be at the FULL mark
(Figure 9, (2)). Add coolant if
necessary.
NOTICE
NEVER pour cold coolant into a hot
engine.
6. Remove reservoir cap (Figure 9, (4)) to
add coolant if necessary. Do not add
water.
7. Replace filler cap and tighten it firmly.
Failure to do so will cause water
leakage.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
35
BEFORE YOU OPERATE
CRANKING THE ENGINE
6. While pushing the STOP button
(Figure 10, (1)), turn the key to the
START position (Figure 10, (2)).
NOTICE
When the engine has not been used for a
long period of time, engine oil will not be
distributed to all of the operating parts.
Using the engine in this condition will lead
to seizure. After a long period of no use,
distribute engine oil to each part by
cranking. Perform in accordance with the
following procedures before beginning
operation.
1. Open the seacock.
2. Open the fuel cock.
3. Put the remote control shift lever in the
NEUTRAL See Starting the Engine on
page 39.
4. Turn on the battery switch (if equipped).
Figure 9
(4)
(5)
NOTICE
NEVER hold the key in the START
position for longer than 15 seconds or
the starter motor will overheat.
7. When the key is in the START position,
the engine will begin cranking.
Continue cranking for about 5 seconds
and listen for abnormal noise during
that time.
Note: If the STOP button is released
during the cranking procedure,
the engine will start. Do not start
the engine in this mode.
8. Move key to OFF position
(Figure 10, (4)). The engine will stop
cranking.
WARNING
(1)
(3)
(2)
0004890
Figure 10
5. Turn key to ON (Figure 10, (3)). It is
normal for the alarm to sound and the
warning indicators to light during
cranking.
Never touch or allow your
clothes to touch the
moving parts of the
engine during operation. If
a part of your body or
clothing is caught in the front drive
shaft, V-belt, propeller shaft, etc.
serious injury may result.
Check to see that no tools, pieces of
cloth, etc. are left on or around the
engine.
Note: If the engine has not been
operated for a long period of
time, check that the key can be
moved from START to ON
positions smoothly.
36
6LPA Series Operation Manual
ENGINE OPERATION
INTRODUCTION
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the diesel fuel, engine oil and
engine coolant specifications and how to
replenish them. It also describes the daily
engine checkout.
Before performing any operations within
this section, review the Safety section on
page 3.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
37
ENGINE OPERATION
WARNING
Fire and Explosion
Hazard
NEVER jump-start the
engine. Sparks caused by
shorting the battery to the
starter terminals may cause
a fire or explosion.
ONLY use the start switch
on the instrument panel to
start the engine.
Sudden Movement Hazard
Be sure the boat is in open water away
from other boats, docks or other
obstructions before increasing engine
speed. Avoid unexpected equipment
movement. Shift the marine gear into
the NEUTRAL position any time the
engine is at idle.
To prevent accidental equipment
movement, NEVER start the engine in
gear.
Sever Hazard
Keep children and pets away
while the engine is operating.
NOTICE
If the alarm indicater with audible alarm
fails to display and go out about 3 seconds
after the ignition switch is turned on, see
your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor for service before operating the
engine
If the vessel is equipped with a water lift
(water lock) muffler, excessive cranking
could cause seawater to enter the
cylinders and damage the engine. If the
engine does not start after cranking for 10
seconds, close the thru-hull water intake
valve to avoid filling the muffler with water.
Crank for 10 seconds at a time until the
engine starts. When the engine does start,
stop the engine immediately and turn off
the switch.
Be sure to re-open the seacock and restart
the engine. Operate the engine normally.
Observe the following environmental
operating conditions to maintain engine
performance and avoid premature engine
wear:
• Avoid operating in extremely dusty
conditions.
• Avoid operating in the presence of
chemical gases or fumes.
• NEVER run the engine if the ambient
temperature is above +40°C (+104°F) or
below -16°C (+5°F).
If any indicator illuminates during engine
operation, stop the engine immediately.
Determine the cause and repair the
problem before you continue to operate the
engine.
• If the ambient temperature exceeds
+40°C (+104°F), the engine may
overheat and cause the engine oil to
break down.
38
6LPA Series Operation Manual
• If the ambient temperature is below
-16°C (+5°F), rubber components such
as gaskets and seals will harden causing
premature engine wear and damage.
ENGINE OPERATION
12/05
NOTICE
STARTING THE ENGINE
• Contact your authorized Yanmar Marine
engine dealer or distributor if the engine
will be operated outside of this standard
temperature range.
1. Open the seacock (if equipped).
NEVER engage the starter motor while the
engine is running. Damage to the starter
motor pinion and / or ring gear will result.
Note: Safety equipment should make
it impossible to start the engine
in any other position than
NEUTRAL.
2. Open the fuel cock.
3. Put the remote control handle in
NEUTRAL.
4. Turn the battery master switch (if
equipped) to ON.
Figure 1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
0003622
Figure 1
5. Turn key switch to ON (Figure 1, (3)).
Ensure that the instrument panel
indicators light and the alarm sounds.
This indicates that indicators and alarm
are working correctly.
Note: The coolant high temperature
alarm indicator does not come
on during start-up.
6. Turn the key switch to START
(Figure 1, (4)). Release the key switch
when the engine has started.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
39
ENGINE OPERATION
NOTICE
NEVER hold the key in the START
position for longer than 15 seconds or
the starter motor will overheat.
7. The alarm should stop and the
indicators should go out.
NOTICE
If any indicator fails to illuminate when
the key switch is in the ON position, see
your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor for service before operating
the engine.
Note: When the engine has not been
used for a long period of time,
check that the key can move
from the START position to the
ON position smoothly.
If the Engine Fails to Start
Before turning the key switch again, be
sure to confirm that the engine has
stopped completely. If an attempt to restart
is made while the engine is running, the
pinion gear of the starter motor will be
damaged.
NOTICE
NEVER hold for longer than 15 seconds or
the starter motor will overheat.
NEVER attempt to restart the engine if the
engine has not stopped completely. Pinion
gear and starter motor damage will occur.
Note: Hold the key switch for a
maximum of 15 seconds. If the
engine does not start the first
time, wait for about 15 seconds
before trying again.
NOTICE
If the vessel is equipped with a water lift
(water lock) muffler, excessive cranking
could cause seawater to enter the
cylinders and damage the engine. If the
engine does not start after cranking for 15
seconds, close the thru-hull water intake
valve to avoid filling the muffler with water.
Crank for 10 seconds at a time until the
engine starts. When the engine does start,
stop the engine immediately and turn off
the power switch. Be sure to re-open the
seacock and restart the engine. Operate
the engine normally.
40
6LPA Series Operation Manual
ENGINE OPERATION
12/05
Air Bleeding the Fuel System After
Starting Failure
If the engine does not start after several
attempts, there may be air in the fuel
system. If air is in the fuel system, fuel
cannot reach the fuel injection pump.
Bleed the air out of the system. See
Priming Pump on page 29.
Figure 2
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Starting at Low Temperatures
Comply with local environmental
requirements. Use engine heaters to avoid
starting problems and white smoke. Do not
use starting aids.
NOTICE
NEVER use an engine starting aid such as
ether. Engine damage will result.
To limit white smoke, run the engine at low
speed and under moderate load until the
engine reaches normal operating
temperature. A light load on a cold engine
provides better combustion and faster
engine warm-up than no load.
Avoid running the engine at idling speed
any longer than necessary.
Starting with Air Heater
(If Equipped)
1. Open the seacock (if equipped).
2. Open the fuel tank cock.
3. Put remote control handle in
NEUTRAL.
4. Turn the battery switch on (if
equipped)..
0003622
Figure 2
5. Turn key switch to GLOW
(Figure 2, (1)) for 15 seconds.
NOTICE
NEVER run the air heater (GLOW
position) for more than 20 seconds at a
time or engine damage will result.
6. Turn key switch to ON (Figure 2, (3)).
Ensure that the instrument panel
indicators light and the alarm sounds.
This shows that indicators and alarm
are working correctly.
Note: The coolant high temperature
alarm indicator does not come
on during start-up.
7. Turn key switch to START
(Figure 2, (4)). Release the key switch
when the engine has started. The
alarm should stop and the indicators
should go out.
NOTICE
NEVER hold the key in the START
position for longer than 15 seconds or
the starter motor will overheat.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
41
ENGINE OPERATION
After the Engine has Started
1. After the engine has started, ensure the
remote control handle is in NEUTRAL.
2. MT-3: Pull out the handle lever
(Figure 3, (4)) and adjust the speed to
no more than 1500 rpm and run the
engine at low speed with no load.
3. MV: Pull out the free throttle button
(Figure 4, (4)) and adjust the speed to
no more than 1500 rpm and run the
engine at low speed with no load.
Figure 3MT-3
(1)
(2)
4. Allow engine to run for approximately 5
minutes.
(4)
(3)
Check the following items at a low engine
speed:
1- Check that the gauges, indicators
and alarm are normal.
• Normal coolant operating temperature
is approximately 70° to 90°C (158° to
194°F).
• Normal oil pressure at 3000 min-1 is
0.34 to 0.54 MPa (48 to 78 psi).
0004888
Figure 3
1
2
3
4
2- Check that the smoke color, engine
vibration and sound are normal.
– Neutral
– Low Speed
– High Speed
– Throttle Handle
3- When there are no problems, keep
the engine at low speed with the boat
still stopped to distribute engine oil to
all parts of the engine.
Figure 4MV
(3)
(2)
4- Check that sufficient cooling water is
discharged from the seawater outlet.
Operation with inadequate seawater
discharge will damage the impeller
of the seawater pump. If seawater
discharge is too low, stop the engine
immediately. Identify the cause and
repair.
(4)
(1)
0004889
Figure 4
1
2
3
4
42
1- Check for water, fuel or oil leakage
from the engine.
– High Speed
– Low Speed
– Neutral
– Free Throttle Button
NOTICE
The engine will seize if it is operated when
seawater discharge is too small or if load is
applied without any warming up operation.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
ENGINE OPERATION
12/05
For troubleshooting assistance, see
Troubleshooting After Starting on page 69
or Troubleshooting Chart on page 71 . If
necessary, see your authorized Yanmar
dealer or distributor.
REMOTE CONTROL
HANDLE OPERATION
Acceleration and Deceleration
Figure 5MT-3 Top Mount
(4)
(3)
(5)
(6)
(2)
(7)
(1)
0004886
Figure 5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
– Reverse High Speed
– Reverse Low Speed
– Reverse
– Neutral
– Forward
– Forward Low Speed
– Forward High Speed
Figure 6MV Side Mount
(4)
(3)
(5)
(6)
(2)
(1)
(7)
0004887
Figure 6
6LPA Series Operation Manual
43
ENGINE OPERATION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
– Forward High Speed
– Forward Low Speed
– Forward
– Neutral
– Reverse
– Reverse Low Speed
– Reverse High Speed
Note: Direction of travel will vary
depending on installation
location.
2. When moving the handle between
FORWARD (Figure 6, (1 to 2)) and
REVERSE (Figure 6, (6 to 7)), bring
the handle to NEUTRAL (Figure 6, (4))
and pause before slowly shifting to the
desired position. NEVER shift abruptly
from FORWARD to REVERSE or vice
versa.
NOTICE
Use the throttle handle to control
acceleration and deceleration. Move the
handle slowly and smoothly.
• NEVER shift the marine gear at high
engine speed. During normal
operation, the marine gear should only
be shifted with the engine at idle.
Shifting the Engine
• When sailing, set the remote control
handle in NEUTRAL. Not doing so
WILL introduce slippage or any
damage and void your warranty.
WARNING
Sudden Movement Hazard.
The boat will start to move when the
marine drive is engaged:
• Ensure the boat is clear of all
obstacles forward and aft.
Morse Remote Control Handle
(Optional)
• Quickly shift to the FORWARD
position then back to the NEUTRAL
position.
• Move the handle to the NEUTRAL
(middle) position to stop the boat. The
engine will idle at low speed.
• Observe whether the boat moves in
the direction you expect.
• Move the handle to the FORWARD
position to go forward. When the clutch
is engaged in forward, the speed will
decrease.
NOTICE
Shifting the marine drive while operating at
high speed or not pushing the handle fully
into position (partial engagement) will
result in damage to marine drive parts and
abnormal wear.
• Move the handle to the REVERSE
position to go in reverse. When the
clutch is engaged in reverse, the speed
will decrease.
1. Before using the marine drive, be sure
to move the throttle handle to a low idle
position (less than 1000 min-1). Move
the throttle handle slowly to a higher
speed position after completing marine
drive engagement.
44
6LPA Series Operation Manual
ENGINE OPERATION
12/05
CAUTIONS DURING
OPERATION
NOTICE
Engine trouble can arise if the engine is
operated for a long time under overloaded
conditions with the control handle in the full
throttle position (maximum engine speed
position), exceeding the continuous rated
output engine speed. Operate the engine
at about 100 min-1 lower than the full
throttle engine speed.
Note: If the engine is in the first 50
hours of operation, see New
Engine Break-In on page 10 .
Always be on the lookout for problems
during engine operation.
Pay particular attention to the following:
• Is sufficient seawater being discharged
from the exhaust and seawater outlet
pipe?
If the discharge is small, stop the engine
immediately; identify the cause and
repair.
• Is the smoke color normal?
The continuous emission of black
exhaust smoke indicates engine
overloading. This shortens the engines
life and should be avoided.
• Are there abnormal vibrations or noise?
NOTICE
Excessive vibration may cause damage
to the engine, marine gear, hull and
onboard equipment. In addition, it
causes able passenger and crew
discomfort.
Depending on the hull structure, engine
and hull resonance may suddenly
become great at a certain engine speed
range, causing heavy vibrations. Avoid
operation in this speed range. If you hear
any abnormal sounds, stop the engine
and inspect.
• Alarm buzzer sounds during operation.
NOTICE
If any alarm indicator with audible alarm
sound appears on the display during
engine operation, stop the engine
immediately. Determine the cause and
repair the problem before you continue
to operate the engine.
• Is there water, oil or fuel leakage, or are
there any loose bolts?
Check the engine room periodically for
any problems.
• Is there sufficient diesel fuel in the diesel
fuel tank?
Replenish diesel fuel before leaving the
dock to avoid running out of fuel during
operation.
• When operating the engine at low speed
for long periods of time, race the engine
once every 2 hours.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
45
ENGINE OPERATION
NOTICE
Racing the engine: With the gear in
NEUTRAL, accelerate from the
low-speed position to the high-speed
position and repeat this process about
five times. This is done to clean out
carbon from the cylinders and the fuel
injection valve. Neglecting to race the
engine will result in poor smoke color
and reduce engine performance.
• If possible, periodically operate the
engine at near maximum engine speed
while underway. This will generate higher
exhaust temperatures, which will help
clean out hard carbon deposits,
maintaining engine performance and
prolonging the life of the engine.
NOTICE
NEVER turn off the battery switch (if
equipped) or short the battery cables
during operation. Damage to the electric
system will result.
SHUTTING DOWN THE
ENGINE
Normal Shutdown
1. Reduce engine speed to low idle and
put remote control handle in NEUTRAL.
2. Accelerate from low speed to high
speed and repeat five times. This will
clean out the carbon from the cylinders
and the fuel injection nozzles.
3. Allow engine to run at low speed
(approximately 1000 min-1) without load
for 5 minutes.
NOTICE
For maximum engine life, Yanmar
recommends that when shutting the
engine down, you allow the engine to
idle, without load, for 5 minutes. This will
allow the engine components that
operate at high temperatures, such as
the turbocharger and exhaust system, to
cool slightly before the engine itself is
shut down.
(4)
(5)
(3)
(1)
(2)
0004890
Figure 7
4. With the key in the ON position, push and
hold the STOP button (Figure 7, (1)).
After the engine has stopped, turn the
key awitch to OFF.
46
6LPA Series Operation Manual
ENGINE OPERATION
12/05
5. Remove the key and cover the key switch
with the moisture cap.
NOTICE
Continue to hold the stop button in until the
engine is completely stopped. If the button
is released before the engine has
completely stopped, it may restart. If the
engine does not shut off when the engine
stop button is pushed, close the fuel cock
on the fuel tank..
6. Turn off the battery switch (if equipped).
7. Close the fuel cock.
8. Close the seacock (if equipped).
NOTICE
• Be sure to close the seacock. Neglecting
to close the seacock could allow water to
leak into the boat and may cause it to
sink.
CHECKING THE ENGINE
AFTER OPERATION
• Check that the power switch is off and
that the battery switch (if equipped) is
turned to off.
• Fill the fuel tank. See Filling the fuel tank:
on page 29.
• Close seawater cock(s).
• If there is a risk of freezing, check that
the cooling system contains enough
coolant. See Engine Oil Specifications
on page 30.
• If there is a risk of freezing, drain the
seawater system. See Drain Seawater
Cooling System on page 74.
• At temperatures below 0°C (32°F), drain
seawater system and connect the engine
heater (if equipped).
• If seawater is left inside the engine, it
may freeze and damage parts of the
cooling system when the ambient
temperature is below 0°C (32°F).
6LPA Series Operation Manual
47
ENGINE OPERATION
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
48
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE
INTRODUCTION
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
This section of the Operation Manual
describes the procedures for proper care
and maintenance of the engine.
Before performing any maintenance
procedures within this section, read the
following safety information and review the
Safety section on page 3.
WARNING
Crush Hazard
If the engine needs to be
transported for repair, have a
helper assist you attach it to a
hoist and load it on a truck.
The engine lifting eyes are engineered
to lift the weight of the marine engine
only. ALWAYS use the engine lifting
eyes when lifting the engine.
Additional equipment is necessary to
lift the marine engine and marine gear
together. ALWAYS use lifting equipment
with sufficient capacity to lift the marine
engine.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
49
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
WARNING
NEVER use undersized wiring for the
electrical system.
Welding Hazard
• ALWAYS turn off the battery switch (if
equipped) or disconnect the negative
battery cable and the leads to the
alternator when welding on the
equipment.
• Remove the engine control unit
multi-pin connector. Connect the weld
clamp to the component to be welded
and as close as possible to the
welding point.
• NEVER connect the weld clamp to the
engine or in a manner which would
allow current to pass through a
mounting bracket.
• When welding is completed,
reconnect the alternator and engine
control unit prior to reconnecting the
batteries.
Tool Hazard
ALWAYS remove any tools or shop rags
used during maintenance from the area
before operation.
NOTICE
Any part which is found defective as a
result of inspection, or any part whose
measured value does not satisfy the
standard or limit, must be replaced.
Modifications may impair the engine’s
safety and performance characteristics
and shorten the engine’s life. Any
alterations to this engine may void its
warranty. Be sure to use Yanmar genuine
replacement parts.
Entanglement Hazard
NEVER leave the power
switch on when you are
servicing the engine.
Someone may accidentally
start the engine and not
realize you are servicing it.
Shock Hazard
ALWAYS turn off the battery
switch (if equipped) or
disconnect the negative
battery cable before servicing
the equipment.
ALWAYS keep the electrical connectors
and terminals clean. Check the
electrical harnesses for cracks,
abrasions, and damaged or corroded
connectors.
50
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
PRECAUTIONS
The Importance of Periodic
Maintenance
Engine deterioration and wear occur in
proportion to the length of time the engine
has been in service and the conditions the
engine is subjected to during operation.
Periodic maintenance prevents
unexpected downtime, reduces the
number of accidents due to poor machine
performance and helps extend the life of
the engine.
Performing Periodic
Maintenance
WARNING
Exhaust Hazard.
NEVER block windows, vents, or other
means of ventilation if the engine is
operating in an enclosed area. All
internal combustion engines create
carbon monoxide gas during operation.
Accumulation of this gas within an
enclosure could cause illness or even
death. Make sure that all connections
are tightened to specifications after
repair is made to the exhaust system.
Failure to comply could result in death
or serious injury.
The Importance of Daily Checks
The Periodic Maintenance Schedule
assumes that the daily checks are
performed on a regular basis. Make it a
habit to perform daily checks before the
start of each operating day. See Daily
Checks on page 56.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
Keep a Log of Engine Hours and
Daily Checks
Keep a log of the number of hours the
engine is run each day and a log of the
daily checks performed. Also note the
date, type of repair (e.g., replaced
alternator) and parts used for any service
needed between the periodic maintenance
intervals. Periodic maintenance intervals
are every 50, 125, 250, 500, 1000 and
1250 engine hours. Failure to perform
periodic maintenance will shorten the life
of the engine.
NOTICE
Failure to perform periodic maintenance
will shorten the life of the engine and may
void the warranty.
Yanmar Replacement Parts
Yanmar recommends that you use genuine
Yanmar parts when replacement parts are
needed. Genuine replacement parts help
ensure long engine life.
Tools Required
Before you start any periodic maintenance
procedure, make sure you have the tools
you need to perform all of the required
tasks.
Ask Your Authorized Yanmar
Marine Dealer or Distributor for
Help
Our professional service technicians have
the expertise and skills to help you with
any maintenance or service related
procedures you need help with.
51
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Tightening Fasteners
Use the correct amount of torque when you tighten fasteners on the engine. Applying
excessive torque may damage the fastener or component and not enough torque may
cause a leak or component failure.
NOTICE
he tightening torque in the Standard Torque Chart should be applied only to the
bolts with a “7” head (JIS strength classification: 7T). Apply 60% torque to bolts
that are not listed. Apply 80% torque when tightened to aluminum alloy.
Bolt Diameter x
Pitch (mm)
Tightening
Torque
M6x1.0
M8x1.25
M10x1.5
M12x1.75
M14x1.5
M16x1.5
N·m
11 ± 1.0
25 ± 3
49 ± 5
88 ± 10
140 ± 10
230 ± 10
ft-lb
8.0 ± 0.7
18.8 ± 2.2
36.2 ± 3.7
65.1 ± 7.4
103 ± 7.2
170 ± 7.2
Taper Plugs
Tightening
Torque
1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
N·m
10
20
29
59
ft-lb
7.4
14.5
21.7
43.2
When lock adhesive is applied, decide separately.
Pipe Joint Bolts
Tightening
Torque
52
M8
M10
M12
M14
M16
N·m
15 ± 2
23 ± 3
29 ± 5
44 ± 5
54 ± 5
ft-lb
10.9 ± 1.5
16.6 ± 2.2
21.7 ± 3.7
32.6 ± 3.7
69.8 ± 3.7
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Daily and periodic maintenance is important to keep the engine in good operating
condition. The following is a summary of maintenance items by periodic maintenance
intervals. Periodic maintenance intervals vary depending on engine application, loads,
diesel fuel and engine oil used and are hard to establish definitively. The following should
be treated only as a general guideline.
NOTICE
Establish a periodic maintenance plan according to the engine application and make sure
to perform the required periodic maintenance at the intervals indicated. Failure to follow
these guidelines will impair the engine’s safety and performance characteristics, shorten
the engine’s life and may affect the warranty coverage on your engine.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor for assistance when checking
items marked with a ●.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
53
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
c: Check or Clean ‘: Replace z: Contact your authorized Yanmar marine dealer or distributor
Periodic Maintenance Interval
System
Item
Daily
Whole
Visual inspection
of engine exterior
c
Fuel
System
Check the fuel
level and refill if
necessary
c
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes first
Drain water and
sediment from
fuel tank
c
Drain the
fuel /water
separator
c
Every 125
hours or
6 months
whichever
comes first
‘
Replace the fuel
filter element
Every 250
hours or
1 year
whichever
comes first
Every 500
hours or
2 years
whichever
comes first
Every 1000
hours or
4 years
whichever
comes first
‘
Initial 50
Check the fuel
injection timing
z*
Check the fuel
injector pressure
and nozzle spray
pattern*
Lubricatin
g
System
Check the engine
oil level
z
Initial
250
z*
c
Change the
engine oil
‘
‘
‘
‘
Initial 50
Replace the
engine oil filter
element
Initial 50
Wash the engine
oil cooler
Marine
Drive
System
Fresh
Water
Cooling
System
54
z
Check the marine
drive oil
c
Check power
steering oil
c
Check power trim oil
c
c
Check drive oil
Check coolant
level
Change coolant
Every 1250
hours or
5 years
whichever
comes first
Refer to the marine drive system operation manual.
c
‘
Clean and check
the cooling water
passage
z
Clean the cooling
water system
z
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
c: Check or Clean ‘: Replace z: Contact your authorized Yanmar marine dealer or distributor
Periodic Maintenance Interval
System
Seawater
Cooling
System
Item
Daily
Check seawater
outlet discharge
Every 50
hours or
monthly
whichever
comes first
Every 125
hours or
6 months
whichever
comes first
Every 250
hours or
1 year
whichever
comes first
Every 500
hours or
2 years
whichever
comes first
Every 1000
hours or
4 years
whichever
comes first
c
During
Operation
Check or replace
the seawater
pump impeller
z
Check or replace
the zinc anodes
‘
Check and clean
the seawater
passage
Piping
Electrical
System
z
Clean or replace
the exhaust /
water mixing
elbow
z
Check or replace
fuel line and
rubber hoses
c
Check the alarm
and indicators
c
Check the
electrolyte level in
the battery
z
c
Adjust the tension
of the alternator
V-belt or replace
V-belt
Remote
Control
Handle
Check and
lubricate the
remote control
cable operation
c
z
c
Adjust the remote
control cable
c
Intake and Wash turboExhaust
charger blower
System
Clean air cleaner
z
Adjust the intake
and exhaust valve
clearance
c
z
z
Initial
250
Lap the intake and
exhaust valves
Miscellaneous
Every 1250
hours or
5 years
whichever
comes first
Check and adjust
the power steering
oil pump belt
(6LPA-STZP2)
z
c
Replace the
timing belt
z
Replace the front
rubber damper
z
Note: These procedures are considered normal maintenance and are performed at the owner’s expense.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
55
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PROCEDURES
WARNING
NEVER check for a fuel leak with your
hands.
ALWAYS use a piece of wood or
cardboard. Have your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor
repair any damage.
Exposure Hazard.
ALWAYS wear personal protective
equipment when performing periodic
maintenance procedures.
3. Check for engine coolant leaks.
Daily Checks
5. Check for loose, missing or damaged
fasteners.
Before you head out for the day, make sure
the Yanmar engine is in good operating
condition.
6. Check the electrical harnesses for
cracks, abrasions, and damaged or
corroded connectors.
NOTICE
It is important to perform the daily checks
as listed in this Operation Manual. Periodic
maintenance prevents unexpected
downtime, reduces the number of
accidents due to poor engine performance
and helps extend the life of the engine.
Make sure you check the following items.
Visual Checks
1. Check for engine oil leaks.
2. Check for fuel leaks.
WARNING
Piercing Hazard.
Avoid skin contact with the
high-pressure diesel fuel spray
caused by a fuel system leak, such as
a broken fuel injection line.
High-pressure fuel can penetrate
your skin and result in serious injury.
If you are exposed to high-pressure
fuel spray, obtain prompt medical
treatment.
56
4. Check for damaged or missing parts.
7. Check hoses for cracks, abrasions, and
damaged, loose or corroded clamps.
8. Check the fuel filter / water separator
for presence of water and
contaminants. If you find any water or
contaminants, drain the fuel filter /
water separator. See Draining Fuel
Filter / Water Separator on page 60. If
you have to drain the fuel filter / water
separator frequently, drain the fuel tank
and check for the presence of water in
your fuel supply. See Draining Water
From the Fuel Tank on page 60.
NOTICE
If any problem is noted during the visual
check, the necessary corrective action
should be taken before operating the
engine.
Check Diesel Fuel, Engine Oil and
Engine Coolant Levels
Follow the procedures in Diesel Fuel on
page 26 , Engine Oil on page 30 and
Engine coolant on page 33 to check these
levels.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
Checking and Refilling Marine Drive
Oil
After Initial 50 Hours of
Operation
See Marine Drive Oil on page 32.
Checking the Battery Electrolyte
Level
Check the battery electrolyte level before
use. See Checking the Battery Electrolyte
Level (Serviceable Batteries Only) on
page 61.
Checking the Alternator Belt
Check the belt tension before use. See
Checking and Adjusting the Alternator
V-Belt Tension on page 66.
Checking the Remote Control
Handle
Check the operation of the remote control
handle and ensure it moves smoothly. If it
is hard to operate, grease the joints of the
remote control cable and lever bearings. If
the lever is too loose, adjust the remote
control cable. See Checking and Adjusting
Remote Control Cables on page 64.
Checking the Alarm Indicators
When operating the start switch on the
instrument panel, check that there is no
alarm message on the display and the
alarm indicators work normally. See
Control Equipment on page 15.
Perform the following maintenance after
the initial 50 hours of operation.
• Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
Element
• Changing the Fuel Filter Element
Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
Element
The engine oil on a new engine becomes
contaminated from the initial break-in of
internal parts. It is very important that the
initial oil replacement is performed as
scheduled.
It is easiest and most effective to drain the
engine oil after operation while the engine
is still warm.
WARNING
If you must drain the engine oil while it
is still hot, stay clear of the hot engine
oil to avoid being burned. ALWAYS wear
eye protection.
Preparing Fuel, Oil and Coolant in
Reserve
Prepare sufficient fuel for the days
operation. Always store engine oil and
coolant in reserve (for at least one refill)
onboard, to be ready for emergencies.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
57
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Figure 1
Figure 2
(1)
(1)
0004899
Figure 1
1. Turn the engine OFF.
2. Remove the engine oil dipstick. Attach
the oil drain pump (if equipped) and
pump out the oil.
For easier draining, remove the engine
oil fill cap.
NOTICE
Prevent dirt and debris from
contaminating engine oil. Carefully
clean the dipstick and the surrounding
area before you remove the dipstick.
3. Turn the engine oil filter (Figure 1, (1))
counterclockwise with a wrench.
4. Remove the engine oil filter.
5. Apply a small amount of engine oil to
the seal of the new filter.
0004900
Figure 2
8. Remove filler cap (Figure 2, (1)) and fill
with new engine oil through filler port.
See Engine Oil on page 30.
NOTICE
NEVER mix different types of engine oil.
This may adversely affect the lubricating
properties of the engine oil.
NEVER overfill. Overfilling may result in
white exhaust smoke, engine overspeed
or internal damage.
9. Perform a trial run and check for oil
leaks.
10.Approximately 10 minutes after
stopping the engine, remove the oil
dipstick and check the oil level. Add oil
if the level is too low.
11.Dispose of waste properly.
6. Install a new filter element and tighten
by hand until the seal touches the
housing.
7. Turn filter an additional 3/4 turn with a
filter wrench.
58
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
Replacing the Fuel Filter Element
Figure 3
3. Drain the fuel from the fuel drain cock
on the bottom of the fuel / water
separator.
4. Disconnect the alarm switch harness.
Figure 4
(5)
0004897
Figure 4
(4)
5. Remove the alarm switch (Figure 3)
with a wrench.
(3)
6. Remove the filter element
(Figure 3, (5)) with a filter wrench.
7. Install the alarm switch to the new fuel
filter.
(2)
(1)
0004915
Figure 3
1
2
3
4
5
– Mounting Screw (2 used)
– Housing
– Alarm Switch
– O-Ring
– Filter Element
1. Close the fuel cock of the fuel tank.
2. Remove the two mounting screws
(Figure 3, (1)) and the housing
(Figure 3, (2)).
6LPA Series Operation Manual
Component
Part No.
Fuel Filter Element
119773-55710
8. Apply a thin film of clean diesel fuel to
the sealing surface of the new filter
gasket.
9. Install new filter and tighten hand-tight.
Use a filter wrench and tighten to
14.7 - 19.6 N·m (130.1 - 173.5 in.-lb).
10.Install filter and tighten hand-tight.
11.Connect the alarm switch harness.
12.Install the housing and mounting
screws.
13.Bleed the fuel system. See Bleeding
the Fuel System on page 29. Dispose
of waste properly.
14.Start engine and check for leaks.
59
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Every 50 Hours of Operation
After you complete the initial 50 hour
maintenance procedures, perform the
following procedures every 50 hours
thereafter or monthly, whichever comes
first.
Draining Fuel Filter / Water
Separator
Water and sediment can clog the fuel filter
and impair the function of the fuel injection
pump and valve. If heavy deposits of water
and sediment are drained, also drain the
fuel tank.
Figure 6
• Draining Water From the Fuel Tank
• Draining Fuel Filter / Water Separator
• Checking Battery Electrolyte Level
Draining Water From the Fuel Tank
(1)
Figure 5
(2)
0004916
Figure 6
(3)
(1)
(2)
0004898
Figure 5
1 – Sediment Bowl
2 – Drain Cock
3 – Fuel Line To Engine
1. Put a pan under the drain cock
(Figure 5, (2)) to catch fuel.
2. Open the drain cock and drain water
and sediment. Close the drain cock
when the fuel is clean and free of air
bubbles.
1. Close the fuel cock of the fuel tank.
2. Remove the two mounting screws
(Figure 6, (1)) and remove the housing
(Figure 6, (2)).
3. Put a pan under the drain cock.
4. Loosen the drain cock of the water
separator and drain off any water or dirt
collected inside.
5. Install housing and mounting screws.
6. Bleed air from the fuel system. See
Bleeding the Fuel System on page 29.
NOTICE
Dispose of waste properly.
60
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
Checking the Battery Electrolyte
Level (Serviceable Batteries Only)
WARNING
Batteries contain sulfuric acid. NEVER
allow battery fluid to come in contact
with clothing, skin or eyes. Severe
burns could result. ALWAYS wear
safety goggles and protective clothing
when servicing the battery. If battery
fluid contacts the eyes and / or skin,
immediately flush the affected area with
a large amount of clean water and
obtain prompt medical treatment.
4. If the level is lower than the minimum fill
level (Figure 7), fill with distilled water
(Figure 7) (available in the grocery
store) up to the upper limit (Figure 7) of
the battery.
WARNING
If operation continues with insufficient
battery fluid, the battery life is
shortened, and the battery may
overheat and explode.
Figure 7
NOTICE
NEVER turn off the battery switch (if
equipped) or short the battery cables
during operation. Damage to the electric
system will result.
Note: Battery fluid tends to evaporate
in high temperatures, especially
in summer. In such conditions,
inspect the battery earlier than
specified.
1. Turn the battery master switch to OFF
(if equipped) or disconnect the negative
(-) battery cable.
0004566_s1
Figure 7
2. Do not operate with insufficient battery
electrolyte as the battery will be
destroyed.
3. Remove the plugs and check the
electrolyte level in all cells.
NOTICE
NEVER attempt to remove the covers or
fill a maintenance-free battery.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
61
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Every 125 Hours of Operation
After Initial 250 Hours of
Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
125 hours of operation or 6 months,
whichever comes first.
Perform the following maintenance after
the initial 250 hours of operation.
• Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
• Checking the Fuel Injector Spray
Pattern
Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter
See Changing the Engine Oil and
Replacing the Engine Oil Filter Element on
page 57.
• Inspecting and Adjusting
Intake / Exhaust Valve Clearance
Checking the Fuel Injector Spray
Pattern
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Inspecting and Adjusting
Intake / Exhaust Valve Clearance
Proper adjustment is necessary to
maintain the correct timing for opening and
closing the valves. Improper adjustment
will cause the engine to run noisily,
resulting in poor engine performance and
engine damage. See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor to
adjust the intake / exhaust valve clearance.
62
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
Every 250 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
250 hours or one year of operation,
whichever comes first.
2. Drain the seawater cooling system. See
Drain Seawater Cooling System on
page 74.
Figure 8
• Replacing the Fuel Filter Element
• Changing the Coolant
• Checking or Replacing the Zinc
Anodes
• Adjusting the Remote Control Cable
• Cleaning the Turbocharger
• Cleaning the Air Cleaner
Replacing the Fuel Filter Element
(1)
0004896
Figure 8
3. Remove all the plugs ((Figure 9, (1)),
(Figure 10, (3)), (Figure 11, (4)),
(Figure 12, (2)) and (Figure 13, (2)))
labeled ZINC (Figure 8, (1)).
Changing the Coolant
4. Measure the remaining zinc in the plug.
Replace the zinc anode when it is less
than one-half its original size. See chart
for sizes.
Replace the coolant every year.
5. Install a new zinc in a new plug.
See Replacing the Fuel Filter Element on
page 59.
Note: If Long Life coolant is used,
replace coolant every 2 years.
1. Drain the fresh water cooling system.
See Drain Seawater Cooling System on
page 74.
2. Fill the cooling system with clean
coolant. See Checking and Adding
Coolant on page 34.
Checking or Replacing Zinc Anodes
Inspect and replace the zinc anodes
periodically.
NOTICE
NEVER use sealing tape to install the
zinc anode. The anode must make
metal-to-metal contact.
6. Install plug.
7. Open the seacock and check for leaks.
Figure 9Fuel Cooler
NOTICE
If zinc anodes are not replaced
periodically, corrosion and engine damage
will result.
(1)
1. Close the seacock.
0004918
Figure 9
6LPA Series Operation Manual
63
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Figure 10Fresh Water Cooler
Figure 13Engine Oil Cooler
(3)
(3)
(2)
0004919
0004921
Figure 10
Figure 13
Figure 11Intercooler
(4)
0004917
Figure 11
Figure 12Engine Oil Cooler
(2)
Location
Part Number
Qty.
Dimensions
DxL
Fuel
Cooler
119574-44150
1
0.5 x 1.0 in.
Engine Oil
Cooler
119574-44150
2
0.5 x 1.0 in.
Fresh
Water
Cooler
119574-44150
2
0.5 x 1.0 in.
InterCooler
119574-18790
1
0.5 x 1.0 in.
Note: Some marine drives have
additional zinc anodes. Check
the manufacturer's
documentation for location and
other information.
Checking and Adjusting Remote
Control Cables
Note: Never adjust the high speed
stop bolt on the governor. This
will void the engine warranty.
Adjusting Engine Speed (Governor)
Remote Control Cable
See your authorized Yanmar dealer or
distributor.
0004920
Figure 12
Adjusting Clutch Remote Control Cable
Refer to the manufacturer's
documentation.
64
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
Cleaning the Turbocharger
Contamination of the turbocharger causes
revolutions to drop and engine output to
fall.
If a significant drop in engine output is
noted (10% or more), clean the
turbocharger.
Every 500 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
500 hours or 2 years of operation,
whichever comes first.
• Cleaning or Replacing
Exhaust / Water Mixing Elbow
This should be done only by a trained and
qualified technician. See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor.
Cleaning the Air Cleaner
• Replacing Fuel Line and Rubber
Hoses
• Adjusting or Replacing the Alternator
V-Belt
• Checking and Adjusting the Power
Steering Oil Pump Belt (6LPA-STZP2
Models)
Figure 14
(1)
Cleaning or Replacing
Exhaust / Water Mixing Elbow
See your authorized Yanmar dealer or
distributor.
Replacing Fuel Line and Rubber
Hoses
Figure 14
Replace fuel line and rubber hoses every
500 hours or 2 years, whichever comes
first.
1. Slide air cleaner (Figure 14, (1)) off air
inlet.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
0004911
2. Clean the air cleaner with detergent.
3. Allow to air dry and install on the air
inlet.
NOTICE
Replace the air cleaner if unable to clean
or if damaged.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
65
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Checking and Adjusting the
Alternator V-Belt Tension
Checking and Adjusting the Power
Steering Oil Pump Belt
(6LPA-STZP2 Models)
Figure 15
NOTICE
NEVER get any oil on the belt(s). Oil on
the belt causes slipping and stretching.
Replace the belt if it is damaged. NEVER
over-tighten the belt(s). Engine damage
will result.
(1)
(2)
Figure 16
(2)
0004903
(3)
(1)
Figure 15
(4)
NOTICE
NEVER get any oil on the belt(s). Oil on
the belt causes slipping and stretching.
Replace the belt if it is damaged.
NEVER over-tighten the belt(s). Engine
damage will result.
1. Check the belt by pushing on the
middle of the belt (Figure 15, (1)) with
your finger.
With proper tension, the belt should
deflect 8 - 10 mm (approximately
3/8 in.).
2. Loosen the alternator bolt
(Figure 15, (2)) and move the
alternator to adjust the V-belt tension.
3. Replace the V-belt if required.
Alternator V-Belt Part Number
0004913
Figure 16
1. Check the belt by pushing on the
middle of the belt (Figure 16, (3)) with
your finger.
With proper tension, the belt should
deflect 8 - 10 mm (approximately 3/8 in.)
(Figure 16, (4)).
2. Loosen the power steering pump bolt
(Figure 16, (2)) and move the oil pump
(Figure 16, (1)) to adjust the belt
tension.
3. Replace the belt if required.
Power Steering Oil Pump Belt Part
Number (6LPA-STZP2 only)
119787-26540
119775–77260
66
6LPA Series Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
12/05
Every 1000 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance every
1000 hours or 4 years of operation,
whichever comes first.
• Checking the Fuel Injection Timing
• Checking the Fuel Injector Pressure
and Nozzle Spray Pattern
• Replacing the Seawater Pump Impeller
1. Close the seacock.
2. Drain the seawater cooling system. See
Drain Seawater Cooling System on
page 74.
3. Loosen the cover bolts and remove the
cover and O-ring.
4. Inspect the inside of the seawater
pump with a flashlight. If any of the
following are found, disassembly and
maintenance are required:
• Adjusting Intake / Exhaust Valve
Clearance
• Impeller blades are cracked or nicked.
Edges or surfaces of the blades are
marred or scratched.
• Lapping the Intake and Exhaust Valves
• Wear plate is damaged.
Checking the Fuel Injection Timing
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
5. If no damage is found when inspecting
the inside of the pump, install the O-ring
and cover.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
6. If a large amount of water leaks
continuously from the water drain line
below the seawater pump during
operation, replace the mechanical seal.
See your authorized Yanmar Marine
dealer or distributor.
Checking or Replacing Seawater
Pump Impeller
7. When replacement is required, see
your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Checking the Fuel Injector Pressure
and Nozzle Spray Pattern
Figure 17
NOTICE
(1)
(2)
Replace the seawater pump impeller every
1000 hours even if no damage is apparent.
(3)
(4)
0004914
Figure 17
1
2
3
4
– Impeller
– O-Ring
– Cover
– Cover Bolts
6LPA Series Operation Manual
Adjusting Intake / Exhaust
Valve Clearance
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Lapping the Intake and Exhaust
Valve
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
67
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Every 1250 Hours of Operation
Perform the following maintenance
procedures every 1250 hours of operation
or 5 years, whichever comes first.
Replacing the Front Rubber Damper
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
• Cleaning the Cooling Water System
• Cleaning and Checking the Seawater
Passage
• Cleaning and Checking the Fresh
Water Cooling Water Passage
• Adjusting the Tension of the
Alternator V-Belt
• Replacing the Timing Belt
• Washing Engine Oil Cooler
• Replacing the Front Rubber Damper
Cleaning the Cooling Water System
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Cleaning and Checking the
Seawater Passage
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Cleaning and Checking the Fresh
Water Cooling Water Passage
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Adjusting the Tension of the
Alternator V-Belt
See Checking and Adjusting the Alternator
V-Belt Tension on page 66.
Replacing the Timing Belt
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
Washing the Engine Cooler
See your authorized Yanmar Marine dealer
or distributor.
68
6LPA Series Operation Manual
TROUBLESHOOTING
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Before performing any troubleshooting
procedures within this section, review the
Safety section on page 3.
If a problem occurs, stop the engine
immediately. Refer to the Symptom column
in the Troubleshooting Chart to identify the
problem.
TROUBLESHOOTING
AFTER STARTING
Just after the engine has started, check
the following items at a low engine speed:
Is sufficient water being discharged
from the seawater outlet pipe?
If the discharge is low, stop the engine
immediately. Identify the cause and repair.
Is the smoke color normal?
The continuous emission of black exhaust
smoke indicates engine overloading. This
shortens the engines life and should be
avoided.
Are there abnormal vibrations or noise?
Depending on the hull structure, engine
and hull resonance may suddenly increase
at certain engine speed ranges, causing
heavy vibrations. Avoid operation in this
speed range. If any abnormal sounds are
heard, stop the engine and inspect for
cause.
Alarm sounds during operation.
If the alarm sounds during operation, lower
the engine speed immediately, check the
alarm lamps and stop the engine for
repairs.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
69
TROUBLESHOOTING
Is there water, oil or fuel leakage? Are
there any loose bolts or connections?
Check the engine room daily for any leaks
or loose connections.
Is there sufficient fuel in the fuel tank?
Refill fuel in advance to avoid running out
of fuel. If the tank runs out of fuel, bleed
the fuel system. See Bleeding the Fuel
System on page 29.
When operating the engine at low speed
for long periods of time, race the engine
once every 2 hours. Racing the engine
with the clutch in NEUTRAL, accelerate
from the low-speed position to the
high-speed position and repeat this
process about five times. This is done to
clean out carbon from the cylinders and
the fuel injection valves.
NOTICE
Neglecting to race the engine will result in
poor smoke color and reduce engine
performance.
TROUBLESHOOTING
INFORMATION
If the engine does not operate properly,
refer to the Troubleshooting Chart on page
71 or see your authorized Yanmar Marine
dealer or distributor.
Supply the authorized Yanmar Marine
dealer or distributor with the following
information:
• Model name and serial number of your
engine
• Boat model, hull material, size (tons)
• Use, type of boating, number of hours
run
• Total number of operation hours (refer to
hourmeter), age of boat
• The operating conditions when the
problem occurs:
• Engine speed (min-1)
• Color of smoke
• Type of diesel fuel
• Type of engine oil
Periodically operate the engine near
maximum speed while underway. This will
generate higher exhaust temperatures,
which will help clean out hard carbon
deposits, maintain engine performance
and prolong the life of the engine.
• Any abnormal noises or vibration
• Operating environment such as high
altitude or extreme ambient
temperatures, etc.
• Engine maintenance history and
previous problems
• Other factors that contribute to the
problem
70
6LPA Series Operation Manual
TROUBLESHOOTING
12/05
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
Symptom
Probable Cause
Measure
Reference
Indicators light on the
Shift to low speed operation immediately, and check which indicator has come on.
instrument panel and alarm Stop the engine and inspect. If no abnormality is identified and there is no problem
sounds during operation
with operation, return to port at lowest speed and request repairs.
• Engine oil low pressure
Engine oil level is low.
alarm indicator comes on
Check engine oil level. Add See Adding Engine Oil
or replace.
on page 31.
Engine oil filter clogged.
Replace engine oil filter.
Replace engine oil.
See Changing the
Engine Oil and Replacing
the Engine Oil Filter
Element on page 57.
• Fresh water (coolant)
level alarm comes on
Coolant / fresh water in
coolant recovery tank is
low.
Check coolant level and
refill.
See Checking and
Adding Coolant on
page 34.
• Fresh water (coolant)
high temperature alarm
comes on
Coolant / fresh water in
coolant recovery tank is
low.
Check coolant level and
refill.
See Checking and
Adding Coolant on
page 34.
Leakage in fresh water
cooling system causing
temperature to rise.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Contamination inside
cooling system.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Fresh water cooling pump See your authorized
damaged.
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
• Gear oil alarm comes on Insufficient drive oil.
Check oil level and refill.
See Marine Drive Oil on
page 32
• Fuel filter alarm comes
on
Drain.
See Draining Fuel Filter /
Water Separator on
page 60.
Water level in fuel / water
separator too high.
• Exhaust alarm comes on Insufficient discharge of
cooling seawater.Check
that seacock is
open.Damaged seawater
pump.
Faulty Warning Devices
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Do not operate the engine if alarm devices are not repaired. Serious accidents may
result if abnormalities are not identified due to faulty indicators or alarm.
Indicators Do Not Go On:
• When key is turned ON
No electrical current
• When any trouble occurs available. Circuit broken
or lamp burned out.
(oil pressure etc.)
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
-
• One of the indicators
does not go out
Sensor switch is faulty.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
• Battery low charge
indicator does not go out
during operation
V-belt is loose or broken.
Replace V-belt or adjust
tension.
See Checking and
Adjusting the Alternator
V-Belt Tension on
page 66.
Battery is defective.
Check battery fluid level,
specific gravity or replace
battery.
See Checking the Battery
Electrolyte Level on
page 57.
Alternator power
generation failure.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
6LPA Series Operation Manual
71
TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptom
Probable Cause
Measure
Reference
No fuel.
Add fuel. Bleed fuel
system.
See Filling the Fuel Tank
on page 28 and See
Bleeding the Fuel
System on page 29.
Air in fuel line.
Bleed fuel system.
See Bleeding the Fuel
System on page 29.
Fuel filter is clogged.
Replace filter element.
See Replacing the Fuel
Filter Element on page 63.
Improper fuel.
Replace with
recommended fuel.
See Diesel Fuel
Specifications on page 26.
Problem with fuel
injection.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Compression leakage
from intake / exhaust
valve.
See your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or
distributor.
-
Faulty clutch position.
Shift to NEUTRAL and
start.
-
Insufficient battery
charge.
Check fluid level.
Recharge. Replace.
Cable terminal contact
failure.
Remove corrosion from
terminals. Tighten battery
cables.
-
Faulty safety switch
device.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Faulty starter switch.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Power lacking due to
accessory drive being
engaged.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Internal parts seized.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Overload
Reduce load.
-
Improper propeller
matching.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Dirty air cleaner.
Clean air cleaner.
See Cleaning the Air
Cleaner on page 65.
Improper fuel.
Replace with
recommended fuel.
See Diesel Fuel
Specifications on page 26.
Faulty spraying of fuel
injector.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Low boost pressure.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Incorrect intake / exhaust
valve clearance.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Improper fuel.
Replace with
recommended fuel.
Faulty spraying of fuel
injector.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Fuel injection timing off.
See your authorized Yanmar
Marine dealer or distributor.
-
See your authorized Yanmar
Engine burning oil
(excessive consumption). Marine dealer or distributor.
-
Starting Failures:
• Starter turns but engine
does not start
•
Starter does not turn or
turns slowly (engine can
be turned manually)
• Engine cannot be turned
manually
See Checking the Battery
Electrolyte Level on
page 57.
Abnormal Exhaust Color:
• Black smoke
• White smoke
72
See Diesel Fuel
Specifications on page 26.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
LONG-TERM STORAGE
If the engine will not be used for an
extended period of time, special measures
should be taken to protect the cooling
system, fuel system and combustion
chamber from corrosion and the exterior
from rusting.
The engine can normally stand idle for up
to 6 months. If it remains unused for longer
than this, please contact your authorized
Yanmar Marine dealer or distributor.
PREPARE ENGINE FOR
LONG-TERM STORAGE
Note: If the engine is close to a
periodic maintenance interval,
perform those maintenance
procedures before putting the
engine into long-term storage.
1. Wipe off any dust or oil from the outside
of engine.
Before performing any storage procedures
within this section, review the Safety
section on page 3.
2. Drain water from fuel filters.
In cold temperatures or before long-term
storage, be sure to drain the seawater from
the cooling system.
4. Grease the exposed areas and joints of
the remote control cables and the
bearings of the remote control handle.
NOTICE
5. Seal the intake silencer, exhaust pipe,
etc. to prevent moisture or
contamination from entering engine.
DO NOT drain the coolant system. A full
coolant system will prevent corrosion and
frost damage.
If seawater is left inside of the engine, it
may freeze and damage parts of the
cooling system when the ambient
temperature is below 0°C (32°F).
6LPA Series Operation Manual
3. Drain fuel tank completely or fill the
tank to prevent condensation.
6. Completely drain bilge in hull bottom.
7. Waterproof the engine room to prevent
rain or seawater from entering.
8. Charge the battery once a month to
compensate for battery’s
self-discharge.
9. Remove key from key switch and cover
the key switch with moisture cap.
73
LONG-TERM STORAGE
DRAIN SEAWATER
COOLING SYSTEM
Figure 4
Figure 1
(5)
(1)
(2)
0004907
0004904
Figure 4
Figure 1
1
2
3
4
5
Figure 2
(3)
– Seawater Drain Cock
– Fresh Water Drain Cock
– Fresh Water Drain Cock
– Seawater Pump Cover
– Seawater Drain Cock
NOTICE
0004905
Figure 2
If seawater is left inside, it may freeze and
damage parts of the cooling system (heat
exchanger, seawater pump, etc.) when
ambient temperature is below 32°F (0°C).
1. Close the seacock.
Figure 3
2. Open the seawater drain cocks and
drain off the seawater.
3. Remove four bolts attaching the side
cover of the seawater pump. Remove
the cover and drain the seawater.
4. Install cover and tighten bolts.
5. Close all the drain cocks.
(4)
0004906
Figure 3
74
6LPA Series Operation Manual
LONG-TERM STORAGE
12/05
RETURNING THE ENGINE
TO SERVICE
1. Replace the oil and the oil filter before
running the engine.
2. Supply fuel if the fuel in the fuel tank
was removed, and prime the fuel
system.
3. Confirm that there is engine coolant in
the engine.
4. Operate the engine at idle speed for 1
minute.
5. Check fluid levels and check engine for
leaks.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
75
LONG-TERM STORAGE
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76
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SPECIFICATIONS
6LPA Series Operation Manual
77
SPECIFICATIONS
PRINCIPAL ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Specification
6LPA-STP2
Type
6LPA-STZP2
Vertical water-cooled 4-cycle diesel engine
Number of cylinders
6
Bore x stroke
94 mm x 100 mm
3.7 in. x 3.94 in.
Displacement
4.164 L
Continuous power at crankshaft
211 kW (286 hp) / 3682 rpm
Maximum output rating*
232 kW (315 hp) / 3800 rpm*
High idle
4280 ± 25 rpm
Low idle
750 + 25 / 0
Combustion System
Direct injection
Starting System
Electric start (12V - 2.5 kW)
Charging System
Alternator with built-in regulator 12V DC - 80A
Direction of Rotation
Counterclockwise (viewed from flywheel)
Cooling System
Constant high temperature fresh water cooling
(2 systems: seawater and fresh water cooling)
• Cooling water capacity
13.5 L. (14.3 qt) engine
1.6 L (1.7 qt) coolant recovery tank
Lubrication System
Forced lubrication system with trochoid gear pump
• Engine (lube) oil
capacity
Total
Turbocharger
Model
RHE62W (IHI made)
Type
Water-cooled turbine housing
Dimensions (less gear)
10.5 L (11.0 qt)
Oil Pan
8.4 L (8.9 qt)
LxWxH
Weight (less gear)
1065 x 671 x 729 mm
41.9 x 26.4 x 28.7 in.
1145 x 752 x 799 mm
45.1 x 29.6 x 31.5 in.
408 kg (899 lb)
428 kg (944 lb)
Recommended battery capacity
12V x 120 Ah
Recommended remote control handle
Single-lever-type only
Engine installation
Flexible engine mount
* Density of fuel: 0.840 g/cm3 at 15°C at the inlet of the fuel injection pump. Rating condition: ISO 3046-1, 8665.
Note: 1 hp metric = 0.7355 kW
Output Power
Fuel Temperature
78
Specific Gravity
25°C
77°F
40°C
104°F
0.860
323
306
0.840
315
299
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SPECIFICATIONS
12/05
Marine Drive Specifications (Optional)
Model
Type
Hurth
ZF63A1
KMH50A
8° down Hydraulic
KMH50V
Mercruiser
ZT370
12° down
Hydraulic
Bravo X-1 Bravo X-2 Bravo X-3
Stern Drive
6LPA-STP2
Applicable
engine
Reduction ratio
ZF63A1:
Ahead / Astern
Bravo X-1, 2, 3:
Both Ahead /
Astern
Kanzaki
6LPA-STZP2
1.22 / 1.21 1.67 / 1.67 1.22 / 1.22
1.65
1.36
1.50
1.36
1.56 / 1.58 2.13 / 2.13 1.58 / 1.58
1.78
1.50
1.65
1.50
2.04 / 2.10 2.43 / 2.43 2.08 / 2.08
-
-
1.81
1.65
2.52 / 2.53
-
-
2.00
1.81
-
2.47 / 2.47
See manufacturer’s documentation for additional information.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
79
SPECIFICATIONS
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
80
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
PIPING DIAGRAMS
Notation
Description
Screw Joint (Union)
Flange Joint
Eye Joint
Insertion Joint
Drilled Hole
Coolant Piping
Cooling Seawater Piping
Lubricating Oil Piping
Diesel Fuel Piping
Note: Fuel rubber pipes (marked *) satisfy EN / ISO7840.
6LPA Series Operation Manual
81
82
(24)
(26)
(16)
(18)
(14)
(15)
(17)
(19)
(20)
(21) (22)
(23)
(25)
(13)
Figure 1
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(12)
(10)
(11)
(1)
(9)
(2)
(8)
(7)
(3)
(4)
(6)
(5)
0006321
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
Figure 16LPA-STP2
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
12/05
1 – Heat Exchanger
2 – Exhaust Manifold
3 – Mixing Elbow
4 – Seawater Outlet
5 – Turbocharger
6 – Fuel Injection Valves
7 – Engine Oil Cooler
8 – Charge Air Cooler
9 – Engine Oil Filter
10 – Fuel Injection Pump
11 – Seawater Inlet (from Seacock)
12 – Seawater Pump
13 – Fuel Return Pipe (to Fuel Tank)
14 – Diesel Fuel Cooler
15 – Diesel Fuel Inlet
(from Fuel Tank)
16 – Diesel Fuel Filter
17 – Coolant Temperature Sender
(Optional)
18 – Coolant Temperature Switch
19 – Coolant Outlet to Heater
20 – Engine Oil Cooler Relief Valves
21 – Safety Valve
22 – Coolant Pump
23 – Engine Oil Pump
24 – Engine Oil Inlet Filter
25 – Coolant Inlet from Heater
26 – Thermostat
6LPA Series Operation Manual
83
84
(19)
(21)
(24)
(26)
(28)
(17)
(18)
(20)
(22)
(23)
(25)
(27)
(29)
(1)
(16)
Figure 2
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(15)
(13)
(2)
(14)
(12)
(3)
(11)
(4)
(10)
(5)
(6)
(8)
(7)
0006322
(9)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
Figure 26LPA-STZP2
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
12/05
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
– Power Steering Oil Pump
– Power Steering Oil Tank
– Heat Exchanger
– Exhaust Manifold
– Mixing Elbow
– Seawater Outlet
– Turbocharger
– Fuel Injection Valves
– Power Steering Cylinder Unit
(Local Supply)
10 – Intercooler
11 – Engine Oil Filter
12 – Power Steering Oil Cooler
13 – Fuel Injection Pump
14 – Sea Water Inlet (from Seacock)
15 – Seawater Pump
16 – Diesel Fuel Return Pipe
(to Fuel Tank)
17 – Diesel Fuel Cooler
18 – Diesel Fuel Inlet
(from Fuel Tank)
19 – Diesel Fuel Filter
20 – Coolant Temperature Sender
(Optional)
21 – Coolant Temperature Switch
22 – Coolant Outlet to Heater
23 – Engine Oil Cooler Relief Valves
24 – Safety Valve
25 – Coolant Pump
26 – Engine Oil Pump
27 – Engine Oil Inlet Filter
28 – Coolant Inlet from Heater
29 – Thermostat
6LPA Series Operation Manual
85
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
86
6LPA Series Operation Manual
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
12/05
WIRING DIAGRAMS
Allowable length by cross sectional area of
battery cable
Section of cable
mm2 (in.2)
Allowable length
L = 1 + 2 + 3 m (ft.)
15 (0.023)
< 0.86 (0.26)
20 (0.031)
< 1.3 (0.40)
30 (0.046)
< 2.3 (0.70)
40 (0.062)
< 2.8 (0.85)
50 (0.077)
< 3.5 (1.07)
60 (0.093)
< 4.1 (1.25)
6LPA Series Operation Manual
87
(31)
(30)
(29)
(28)
(27)
(26)
(32)
(33)
88
(25)
(34) (35) (36)
(37)
(24)
(23)
(1)
(38)
(4)
(21)
(22)
(3)
(2)
Figure 3
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(4)
(20)
(5)
(18)
(19)
(6)
(10)
(9)
(7)
(8)
(17)
(16)
(15)
(12)
(11)
0006324
(14)
(13)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
B-Type Instrument Panel
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
12/05
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
– Relay
– Engine Stop Solenoid
– Seawater Flow Switch
– Grouping (Option)
– Coolant Temperature Switch
– Relay
– Engine Oil Pressure Switch
– Procured by Customer
1+2+3<2.5 m – 20 mm²
1+2+3< 5 m – 40 mm² (Cross
Sectional Area)
9 – Battery Switch
10 – Starter Relay
11 – Starter
12 – Alternator
13 – Ground
14 – Coolant Temperature Sender
15 – Tachometer Sensor
16 – Engine Oil Pressure Sensor
17 – Timer Controller
(Seawater Flow Switch)
18 – Boost Sender
19 – Coolant Level Switch
20 – Timer Controller
(Coolant Level Switch)
21 – Fuel Filter Switch
22 – Boost Switch
23 – Wire Harness (Option)
24 – Starter Switch
25 – Instrument Panel
26 – Fuel Filter
27 – Boost
28 – Exhaust
29 – Coolant Temperature
30 – Engine Oil Pressure
31 – Charge
32 – Output status table
33 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
34 – Buzzer
35 – Buzzer Stop
36 – Illuminate
37 – Stop Switch
38 – Timer Controller
(Fuel Filter Switch)
6LPA Series Operation Manual
89
90
Figure 4
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(51)
(53)
(55)
(49)
(48)
(50)
(52)
(54)
(56)
(4)
(2) (3)
(57)
(47)
(46)
(42)
(5)
(37)
(59)
(41)(40)(39)
(58) (60) (45) (44) (43)
(38)
(65)
(64)
(63)
(62)
(61)
(1)
(36)
(6)
(35)
(7)
(8)
(66)
(9)
(34)
(33)
(19)
(18)
(17)
(30)
(29)
(28)
(26)
(27)
(13) (20)
(14)
(15)
(31)
(32)
(12)
(10) (11)
(16)
(25)
(24)
0006325
(22)
(23)
(21)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
C/D-Type x B-Type Instrument Panel
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
12/05
1 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
2 – Buzzer
3 – Buzzer Stop
4 – Illuminate
5 – Starter Switch
6 – Stop Switch
7 – Relay
8 – Relay
9 – Engine Stop Solenoid
10 – Air Heater
11 – Heater Controller
12 – Coolant Temperature Switch
13 – Engine Oil Pressure Switch
14 – Starter Relay
15 – Coolant Temperature Switch
16 – Procured by Customer
1+2+3<2.5 m – 20 mm² 1+2+3<5
m – 40 mm² (Cross Sectional
Area)
17 – Battery
18 – Battery Switch
19 – Starter
20 – Alternator
21 – Ground
22 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
23 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
24 – Gear Oil Level Switch
25 – Coolant Temperature Sender
26 – Engine Oil Pressure Sender
27 – Tachometer Sensor
28 – Boost Sender
29 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
30 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
31 – Coolant Level Switch
32 – Drive Trim Sender
33 – Timer Controller
(Coolant Level Switch)
34 – Fuel Filter Switch
35 – Wire Harness for 2-panel
36 – Wire Harness
37 – Starter Switch
38 – Stop Switch
39 – Illuminate
40 – Buzzer Stop
41 – Buzzer
42 – Instrument Panel
43 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
44 – Coolant Temperature Meter
45 – Engine Oil Pressure Meter
46 – Charge
47 – Output startus table
48 – Gear Oil
49 – Fuel Emp
50 – Fuel Filter
6LPA Series Operation Manual
51 – Boost
52 – Diesel Preheat
53 – Coolant Level
54 – Exhaust
55 – Coolant Temperature
56 – Engine Oil Pressure
57 – Option: Harness Adapter, Trim
Meter 119778-91500
58 – Recommendation: Marcruiser
79-817033A 4
59 – Trim Meter
60 – Boost Meter
61 – Fuel Filter
62 – Diesel Preheat
63 – Exhaust
64 – Coolant Temperature
65 – Engine Oil Pressure
66 – Timer Controller
(Fuel Filter Switch)
91
92
Figure 5
6LPA Series Operation Manual
(57)
(55)
(53)
(59)
(60)
(61)
(58)
(56)
(54)
(52)
(51)
(64)
(63) (65) (50) (49) (48)
(62)
(72) (73)
(70) (71)
(69)
(68)
(67)
(66)
(74)
A A
(1) (2) (3)
(7)
(42)
(43)
(45)
(47) (46)(44)
(4) (5) (6)
(41)
(8)
(40)
(9)
(10)
(12)
(13)
(75)
(38)
(39)
(37)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(34)
(33)
(35)
(36)
(16)
(14) (15)
(11)
(20)
(32)
(31)
(24)
(26)
(27)
(25)
(28)
0006323
(30) (29)
(23)
(22)
(21)
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
C/D-Type x C-Type Instrument Panel
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
12/05
1 – Engine Oil Pressure Meter
2 – Coolant Temperature Meter
3 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
4 – Buzzer
5 – Buzzer Stop
6 – Illuminate
7 – Starter Switch
8 – Stop Switch
9 – Relay
10 – Relay
11 – Engine Stop Solenoid
12 – Air Heater (Option)
13 – Heater Controller
14 – Heater Plug
15 – Relay
16 – Coolant Temperature Switch
17 – Engine Oil Pressure Switch
18 – Starter Relay
19 – Coolant Temperature Switch
20 – Procured by Customer
1+2+3<2.5 m – 20 mm² 1+2+3<5
m – 40 mm² (Cross Sectional
Area)
21 – Battery
22 – Battery Switch
23 – Starter
24 – Alternator
25 – Ground
26 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
27 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
28 – Gear Oil Level Switch
29 – Coolant Temperature Sender
30 – Engine Oil Pressure Sender
31 – Tachometer Sensor
32 – Boost Sender
33 – For 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
34 – 6LPA-DTZP, STZP, STZP2
35 – Coolant Level Switch
36 – Drive Trim Sender
37 – Timer Controller
(Coolant Level Switch)
38 – Fuel Filter Switch
39 – Boost
40 – Wire Harness for 2-Panel
41 – Wire Harness
42 – Starter Switch
43 – Stop Switch
44 – Illuminate
6LPA Series Operation Manual
45 – Instrument Panel (No. 2
Station) Option
46 – Buzzer Stop
47 – Buzzer
48 – Tachometer with Hour Meter
49 – Coolant Temperature Meter
50 – Engine Oil Pressure Meter
51 – Charge
52 – Engine Oil Pressure
53 – Coolant Temperature
54 – Exhaust
55 – Coolant Level
56 – Diesel Preheat
57 – Boost
58 – Fuel Filter
59 – Fuel Emp
60 – Gear Oil
61 – Output status table
62 – 119778–91500 Option:
Harness Adaptor, Trim Meter
119778–91500
63 – 79–817033A 4
Recommendation: Marcruiser
79–817033A 4
64 – Trim Meter
65 – Boost Meter
66 – Gear Oil
67 – Fuel Emp
68 – Fuel Filter
69 – Boost
70 – Diesel Preheat
71 – Coolant Level
72 – Exhaust
73 – Coolant Temperature
74 – Engine Oil Pressure
75 – Timer Controller
(Fuel Filter Switch)
93
SYSTEM DIAGRAMS
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
94
6LPA Series Operation Manual
0A6LP-G00103
2012.02
‫ڦ‬Yanmar (Head office)
Umeda Gate Tower 1-9 Tsurunocho, kita-ku, Osaka,
Japan 530-8311
‫ ڦ‬Marine Operations Division
Quality Assurance Dept.
3-1, 5-Chome, Tsukaguchi-honmachi, Amagasaki,
Hyogo, Japan 661-0001
Phone: +81-6-6428-3251 Fax: +81-6-6421-5549
Overseas Office
‫ڦ‬Yanmar Europe B.V. (YEU)
Brugplein 11, 1332 BS Almere-de Vaart, Netherlands
Phone: +31-36-5493200 Fax: +31-36-5493209
‫ڦ‬Yanmar Asia (Singapore) Corporation Pte Ltd. (YASC)
4 Tuas Lane, Singapore 638613
Phone: +65-6595-4200 Fax: +65-6862-5189
‫ڦ‬Yanmar America Corporation (YA)
101 International Parkway
Adairsville, GA 30103, U.S.A.
Phone: +1-770-877-9894 Fax: +1-770-877-9009
‫ڦ‬Yanmar Engine (Shanghai). Co., Ltd.
10F, E-Block POLY PLAZA, No.18 Dongfang Road,
Pudong Shanghai, CHINA P.R.C. 200120
Phone: +86-21-6880-5090 Fax: +86-21-6880-8090
OPERATION MANUAL
6LPA-STP2, 6LPA-STZP2
1st edition: December 2010
2nd edition: April 2011
2nd edition 1st rev.: August 2011
2nd edition 2nd rev.: January 2012
Issued by: YANMAR CO., LTD. Marine Operations Division
Edited by: YANMAR TECHNICAL SERVICE CO., LTD.
MARINE ENGINE
http://www.yanmar.com
0A6LP-G00103
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