American Dryer Corp. | AD-758 | Service manual | American Dryer Corp. AD-758 Service manual

AD-25, 30, 50, 75 and 758
Service Manual
Phase 7.2 Non-Coin
American Dryer Corporation
88 Currant Road
Fall River MA 02720-4781 USA
Telephone: (508) 678-9000 / Fax: (508) 678-9447
e-mail: techsupport@amdry.com
www.amdry.com
ADC Part No. 450268
Retain This Manual in a Safe Place for Future Reference
This product embodies advanced concepts in engineering, design, and safety. If this product is properly
maintained, it will provide many years of safe, efficient, and trouble free operation.
Only qualified technicians should service this equipment.
OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the equipment or specified in the installation
manual included with the dryer.
The following “FOR YOUR SAFETY” caution must be posted near the dryer in a prominent location.
FOR YOUR SAFETY
POUR VOTRE SÉCURITÉ
Do not store or use gasoline
or other flammable vapors
and liquids in the vicinity of
this or any other appliance.
Ne pas entreposer ni utiliser d’essence
ni d’autres vapeurs ou liquides
inflammables à proximité de cet
appareil ou de tout autre appareil.
We have tried to make this manual as complete as possible and hope you will find it useful. The
manufacturer reserves the right to make changes from time to time, without notice or obligation, in prices,
specifications, colors, and material, and to change or discontinue models. The illustrations included in
this manual may not depict your particular dryer exactly.
IMPORTANT
For your convenience, log the following information:
DATE OF PURCHASE ___________________________________________________ MODEL NO. _________________
RESELLER’S NAME _________________________________________________________________________________
SERIAL NUMBER(S) _________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Replacement parts can be obtained from your reseller or the ADC factory. When ordering replacement
parts from the factory, you can FAX your order to ADC at (508) 678-9447 or telephone your order directly to
the ADC Parts Department at (508) 678-9000. Please specify the dryer model number and serial number
in addition to the description and part number, so that your order is processed accurately and promptly.
“IMPORTANT NOTE TO PURCHASER”
Information must be obtained from your local gas supplier on the
instructions to be followed if the user smells gas. These instructions
must be posted in a prominent location near the dryer.
IMPORTANT
You must disconnect and lockout the electric
supply and the gas supply or the steam supply
before any covers or guards are removed from
the machine to allow access for cleaning,
adjusting, installation, or testing of any
equipment per OSHA standards.
Please observe all safety precautions displayed
on the equipment and/or specified in the
installation manual included with the dryer.
CAUTION
Dryer(s) should never be left unattended while
in operation.
“Caution: Label all wires prior to disconnection
when servicing controls. Wiring errors can
cause improper operation.”
«Attention: Lor des opérations d’entretien des
commandes étiqueter tous fils avant de les
déconnecter. Toute erreur de câblage peut étre
une source de danger et de panne.»
WARNING
Children should not be allowed to play on or
near the dryer(s). Children should be supervised
if near dryer(s) in operation.
Under no circumstances should the dryer door
switch(es), lint door/drawer switch(es), or heat
safety circuit(s) ever be disabled.
The dryer must never be operated with any of
the back guards, outer tops, or service panels
removed. Personal injury or fire could result.
The dryer must never be operated without the
lint filter/screen in place, even if an external lint
collection system is used.
FOR YOUR SAFETY
Do not dry mop heads in the dryer. Do not
use dryer in the presence of dry cleaning
fumes.
The dryers must not be installed or stored in
an area where it will be exposed to water
and/or weather.
The wiring diagram for the dryer is located in
the front electrical control box area.
Table of Contents
SECTION I
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ........................... 4
A.
Safety Precautions ............................................................ 4
SECTION II
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE ............................... 5
A.
B.
C.
Cleaning ............................................................................. 5
Adjustments ....................................................................... 6
Lubrication .......................................................................... 6
SECTION III
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS ................... 7
A.
B.
C.
Enclosure, Air Supply, and Exhaust Requirements ......... 7
Electrical and Gas Requirements ..................................... 8
Operational Service Check Procedure ............................. 9
SECTION IV
DESCRIPTION OF PARTS ............................. 10
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
M.
N.
O.
P.
Q.
R.
S.
Control Panel (Microprocessor) ...................................... 10
Control Box (Computer Controls) .................................... 10
Main Door Switch ............................................................. 10
Lint Drawer Switch ........................................................... 11
Lint Drawer ....................................................................... 11
Tumbler ............................................................................ 11
Tumbler Bearing and Pulley Arrangement ...................... 12
Idler Bearing ..................................................................... 12
Drive Motor and Blower Motor ........................................ 12
Temperature Sensor (Computer Controls) ..................... 13
Gas Burner ....................................................................... 13
Steam Damper System ................................................... 13
Compressed Air Requirements ....................................... 14
Electric Oven .................................................................... 14
Sail Switch (Electric and Gas Models) ........................... 14
Motor Contactor (1ø Motor) ............................................. 15
Non-Reversing Contactor (3ø Motor) ............................. 15
Reversing Relay Panel .................................................... 15
Hi-Limit Thermostat (Gas and Electric Models Only) .... 16
SECTION V
SERVICING ................................................... 17
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
M.
N.
O.
Controls (Computer) ........................................................ 17
Burner Controls (Gas) ..................................................... 20
Steam Controls ................................................................ 25
Electrical Oven Controls .................................................. 28
Thermostats and Temperature Sensor ........................... 29
Sail Switch Assembly (Gas and Electric Models) .......... 30
Front Panel and Main Door Assemblies ......................... 31
Tumbler and Bearing Assembly ...................................... 34
Idler and Bearing Assembly ............................................ 36
Drive Pulley ...................................................................... 37
Tumbler ............................................................................ 37
V-Belts .............................................................................. 40
Motor ................................................................................ 41
Impellor ............................................................................. 41
Lint Drawer Screen .......................................................... 42
SECTION VI
TROUBLESHOOTING .................................... 43
A. Diagnostic (L.E.D. Display) Fault Messages .................... 44
B. Input/Output Board L.E.D. Indicators ................................ 45
SECTION VII
DATA LABEL INFORMATION ........................ 58
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Data Label ........................................................................ 58
Using A Manometer ......................................................... 59
Keypad Layout ................................................................. 60
S.A.F.E. System Theory of Operation ............................ 61
Static Pressure ................................................................. 62
Using A Magnehelic ......................................................... 63
SECTION I
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
A. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
1. DO NOT store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any
appliance.
2. Purchaser and user should consult the local gas supplier for proper instructions to be followed in the
event the user smells gas. The instructions should be posted in a prominent location.
3. Dryers must be exhausted to the outdoors.
4. Although ADC produces a very versatile dryer, there are some articles that, due to fabric composition
or cleaning method, should not be dried in it.
WARNING: Dry only water washed fabrics. DO NOT dry articles spotted or washed in dry
cleaning solvents, a combustible detergent or “all purpose” cleaners.
EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
WARNING: DO NOT dry rags or articles coated or contaminated with gasoline, kerosene,
oil, paint, or wax. EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
WARNING: DO NOT dry mop heads. Contamination by wax or flammable solvents will
create a fire hazard.
WARNING: DO NOT use heat for drying articles that contain plastic, foam, sponge rubber,
or similarly textured rubber materials. Drying in a heated tumbler may damage
plastics or rubber and may be a fire hazard.
5. A program should be established for the inspection and cleaning of the lint in the burner area and
exhaust ductwork. The frequency of inspection and cleaning can best be determined from experience
at each location.
WARNING: THE COLLECTION OF LINT IN THE BURNER/OVEN AREA AND EXHAUST
DUCTWORK CAN CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
6. For personal safety, the dryer must be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes and/or
the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION or in Canada, the Canadian
Electrical Codes Parts 1 & 2 CSA C22.1-1990 or LATEST EDITION.
7. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should the dryer door switch or heat circuit safety devices ever be
disabled.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY OR FIRE COULD RESULT.
8. READ AND FOLLOW ALL CAUTION AND DIRECTION LABELS ATTACHED TO THE DRYER.
WARNING: Children should not be allowed to play on or near the dryer(s). Children
should be supervised if near dryer(s) in operation.
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SECTION II
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
A. CLEANING
A program and/or schedule should be established for periodic inspection, cleaning, and removal of lint
from various areas of the dryer, as well as throughout the ductwork system. The frequency of cleaning
can best be determined from experience at each location. Maximum operating efficiency is dependent
upon proper air circulation. The accumulation of lint can restrict this airflow. If the guidelines in this
section are met, an ADC dryer will provide many years of efficient, trouble free, and most importantly safe
operation.
WARNING: LINT FROM MOST FABRICS IS HIGHLY COMBUSTIBLE. THE
ACCUMULATION OF LINT CAN CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
IMPORTANT: Dryer produces combustible lint and must be exhausted to the outdoors.
Every 6 months, inspect the exhaust ducting and remove any lint build up.
SUGGESTED CLEANING SCHEDULE
DAILY
Clean lint from the lint screen. Inspect and replace if torn.
90 DAYS
Remove lint accumulation from lint chamber thermostats and sensors. Remove lint from the motor air
vents and surrounding area.
WARNING: TO AVOID THE HAZARD OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK, DISCONTINUE
ELECTRICAL SUPPLY TO THE DRYER.
IMPORTANT: Lint accumulation will restrict internal motor airflow, causing overheating and
irreparable motor damage. Motor failure due to lint accumulation will VOID
THE WARRANTY.
120 DAYS
On gas and electric models, remove lint from gas burner area with a dusting brush or vacuum cleaner
attachment. On steam dryers, clean coil. Proper cleaning of the steam coil is necessary to prevent lint
build up between the fins. When cleaning the coil, be extremely careful not to bend the aluminum fins,
which will also reduce airflow. If the fins are bent, straighten them by using a comb. Fin combs are
available from local air conditioning supply houses. Regular cleaning will prevent lint build up and blockage
of the coil.
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6 MONTHS
Inspect and remove lint accumulation in the customer furnished exhaust ductwork system. Inspect exhaust
draft dampers to ensure they are not binding. Inspect and remove ALL lint accumulation from in and
around control box area including coin acceptors. Clean lint accumulation from around tumbler wrapper
area.
IMPORTANT: THE ACCUMULATION OF LINT IN THE EXHAUST DUCTWORK CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
AS REQUIRED
In the cleaning and care of the cabinet, avoid using harsh abrasives. A product intended for the cleaning
of appliances is recommended.
B. ADJUSTMENTS
7 DAYS AFTER INSTALLATION AND EVERY 6 MONTHS THEREAFTER
Inspect bolts, nuts, screws (bearing setscrews), nonpermanent gas connections, and grounding
connections (unions, shutoff valves, and orifices). Motor and drive belts should be examined. Cracked
or seriously frayed belts should be replaced. Tighten loose V-belts when necessary, and check belt
alignment. Complete operational check of controls and valves. Complete operational check of ALL
safety devices (door switches, sail switch, burner and lint chamber thermostats).
NOTE: V-belts should be replaced in matched pairs.
C. LUBRICATION
The motor bearings, idler bearings and tumbler bearings are permanently lubricated, and no lubrication
is necessary.
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SECTION III
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
Installation should be performed by competent technicians in accordance with local and state codes. In
the absence of these codes, the installation must conform to applicable American National Standards:
ANSI Z223.1-LATEST EDITION (National Fuel Gas Code) or ANSI/NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION
(National Electrical Code) or in Canada, the installation must conform to applicable Canadian Standards:
CAN/CGA-B149.1-M91 (Natural Gas) or CAN/CGA-B149.2-M91 (Liquid Propane [L.P.] Gas) or LATEST
EDITION (for General Installation and Gas Plumbing) or Canadian Electrical Codes Parts 1 & 2 CSA
C22.1-1990 or LATEST EDITION (for Electrical Connections).
A. ENCLOSURE, AIR SUPPLY, AND EXHAUST REQUIREMENTS
NOTE: The following information is very brief and general. For a detailed description refer
to the installation booklet for non-coin dryers.
Bulkheads and partitions around the dryer should be made of noncombustible materials. Allowances
should be made for the opening and closing of the control door and lint door. Also, allowances should
be made in the rear for ease of maintenance. (Refer to installation manual for recommended distances
and minimum allowances required.)
When the dryer is operating, it draws in room air, heats it, passes the air through the tumbler, and
exhausts it out the building. Therefore, the room air must be continually replenished from the outdoors.
If the make-up air is inadequate, drying time and drying efficiency will be adversely affected. Ignition
problems and sail switch “fluttering” problems on gas dryers may result, and you also could have premature
motor failure from overheating. On electric dryers, premature electric element failure may result. Air
supply must be given careful consideration to ensure proper performance of each dryer.
IMPORTANT: Make-up air must be provided from a source free of dry cleaning solvent
fumes. Make-up air that is contaminated by dry cleaning solvent fumes will
result in irreparable damage to the motors and other dryer components.
Exhaust ductwork should be designed and installed by a qualified professional. Improperly sized ductwork
will create excessive back pressure, which will result in slow drying, increased use of energy, and shutdown
of the burner by the airflow (sail) switch.
CAUTION: IMPROPERLY SIZED OR INSTALLED OR MAINTAINED (CLEANED)
EXHAUST DUCTWORK CAN CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
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B. ELECTRICAL AND GAS REQUIREMENTS
1. Electrical Requirements
It is your responsibility to have ALL electrical connections made by a properly licensed and competent
electrician to assure that the electrical installation is adequate and conforms to local and state
regulations or codes. In the absence of such codes, ALL electrical connections, materials, and
workmanship must conform to the applicable requirements of the National Electrical Code ANSI/
NFPA NO. 70-LATEST EDITION or in Canada, the Canadian Electrical Codes Parts 1 & 2 CSA
C22.1-1990 or LATEST EDITION.
IMPORTANT: Failure to comply with these codes or ordinances, and the requirements
stipulated in this manual, can result in personal injury or component failure.
It is your responsibility to have ALL plumbing connections made by a qualified professional to assure
that the gas plumbing installation is adequate and conforms to local and state regulations or codes.
In the absence of such codes, ALL plumbing connections, materials, and workmanship must conform
to the applicable requirements of the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1-LATEST EDITION, or in
Canada, the Canadian Installation Codes CAN/CGA-B149.1-M91 (Natural Gas) or CAN/CGA-B149.2M91 (Liquid Propane [L.P.] Gas) or LATEST EDITION.
2. Gas Supply
The gas dryer installation must meet the American National Standard...National Fuel Gas Code
ANSI Z223.1-LATEST EDITION, or in Canada, the Canadian Installation Codes CAN/CGA-B149.1
M91 (Natural Gas) or CAN/CGA-B149.2-M91 (L.P. Gas) or LATEST EDITION, as well as local codes
and ordinances and must be done by a qualified professional.
NOTE: Undersized gas piping will result in ignition problems and slow drying and can
create a safety hazard.
The dryer must be connected to the type of gas (natural or L.P.) indicated on the dryer data label. If
this information does not agree with the type of gas available, DO NOT operate the dryer. Contact
the dealer who sold the dryer or contact ADC.
The gas input ratings shown on the dryer data label are for elevations up to 2,000 feet (609.6 meters),
unless elevation requirements of over 2,000 feet (609.6 meters) were specified at the time the dryer
order was placed with the factory. The adjustment for dryers in the field for elevations over 2,000
feet (609.6 meters) are made by changing the burner orifices. If this adjustment is necessary,
contact the dealer who sold you the dryer or contact ADC.
NOTE: Any burner changes must be made by a qualified technician.
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C. OPERATIONAL SERVICE CHECK PROCEDURE
After performing any service or maintenance function, an operational check should be performed to
ensure that ALL components are performing properly.
1. Make a complete operational check of ALL the operating controls to assure that the timing is correct,
temperature selection switches are functioning, etc.
2. Make a complete operational check of ALL safety related circuits, door switch(es), hi-limit thermostat,
sail switch, cycling thermostats, etc.
3. On gas models, gas pressure test should be taken at the gas valve pressure tap of each dryer to
assure that the water column (W.C.) pressure is correct and consistent.
NOTE: Water column pressure requirements (measured at the gas valve pressure tap):
Natural Gas _________________ 3.5 inches (8.7 mb) water column.
Liquid Propane (L.P.) Gas ______ 10.5 inches (26.1 mb) water column.
4. The dryer should be operated through one (1) complete cycle to assure that no future adjustments
are necessary and that ALL components are functioning properly.
5. For 3-phase (3ø) motor models, check the electric service phase sequence while the dryer is operating.
Check to see if the blower wheel is rotating in the proper direction. Looking from the front, the blower
wheel should spin in the clockwise direction. If so, the phasing is correct. If the phasing is incorrect,
reverse two (2) leads at connections L1, L2, L3 of power supply to the dryer.
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SECTION IV
DESCRIPTION OF PARTS
A. CONTROL PANEL (MICROPROCESSOR)
Lifting the control door will reveal the control panel
assembly. Opening the control panel will allow access
to the major components, which include the computer
board, and keypad. The keypad inputs to the
computer what temperature and program has been
selected. The computer controls the entire operation
of the dryer. It accepts inputs and gives outputs to
various parts throughout the dryer.
B. CONTROL BOX (COMPUTER CONTROLS)
The computer control box is made up of several computer
harnesses. These harnesses provide input and output
voltages to various devices throughout the dryer.
C. MAIN DOOR SWITCH
The main door switch is located behind the main door
on the right hand side. When the main door is
opened, the switch will also open, preventing the dryer
from operating. The main door switch is a safety
device and should never be disabled.
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D. LINT DRAWER SWITCH
The lint drawer switch is located in the lint compartment and
attached to the side of the lint drawer track. The lint drawer
switch ensures that the dryer will operate only when the lint
drawer is completely close. This is a safety device and
should never be disabled.
E. LINT DRAWER
The lint drawer is a pullout type and is located at the bottom
of the dryer in the lint compartment. Simply grab the lint
drawer handle, slide out the drawer, brush off the lint, and
slide the drawer back in. The lint screen must be kept clean
in order for the dryer to operate properly and efficiently.
F. TUMBLER
The tumbler consists of three (3) or four (4) ribs
and a perforated tumbler along with a front and
back, which are riveted or screwed together as
an assembly. The tumbler also consists of tie
rods, which support the tumbler from front to
back. The tumbler support is used to mate the
tumbler to the drive system in the rear. Some
models also have a felt band, which helps to keep
lint from accumulating behind the tumbler.
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G. TUMBLER BEARING AND PULLEY ARRANGEMENT
The tumbler bearing and the pulley
arrangement is located (viewing from the rear
of the dryer) approximately at the upper center
of the dryer. The arrangement consists of a
pulley, bearing platform, and bearing, which
serve to adjust, drive, and support the tumbler.
H. IDLER BEARING
Viewing from the rear of the dryer, the idler assembly
is located approximately on the lower left hand side
of the dryer. The idler assembly consists of one (1)
compound pulley. The idlers main purpose is to
reduce the speed and increase the torque, provided
to the tumbler bearing. Also, the idler assembly
belt tension can be adjusted. AD-15 thru AD-30
requires a 9” x 2-1/2” pulley. AD-50 thru AD-75
requires a 14” x 3” pulley.
I. DRIVE MOTOR AND BLOWER MOTOR
The drive motor is located on the back, approximately lower center of the dryer. It sits on an adjustable
base, so that the motor can be easily adjusted to the left or right, up or down. On non-reversing dryers,
the blower end of the motor is connected to the impellor, a backward curved paddlewheel. The impellor
provides airflow in the dryer. It creates a vacuum, which pulls the hot air from the burner into the tumbler
through the lint screen and out the exhaust. On reversing dryers, there are two (2) motors, one (1) for the
drive and one (1) for the blower.
REVERSING MODELS
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NON-REVERSING MODELS
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J. TEMPERATURE SENSOR (COMPUTER CONTROLS)
The temperature sensor used, is a transducer that converts heat into microamps that the computer board
then uses to calculate the temperature.
K. GAS BURNER
Gas dryers are equipped with a gas burner
located behind the control door. The gas
burner assembly consists of the burner
tubes, orifices (the orifices have a hole in
them to allow gas to flow through. The
hole size varies with different elevations,
and different Btu), gas valve (which can
be set up for natural gas or liquid propane
[L.P.] gas), spark ignitor/flame-probe
assembly, sail switch, and hi-limit
thermostat. Gas burners will vary from
model to model in size, shape, and relative
location. Some models are equipped with
heat reclaimer systems in which, some of
the exhaust air is recovered and introduced
back into the drying process.
L. STEAM DAMPER SYSTEM
The newest type system is called the
steam damper. It is shown to the right and
it uses a piston with compressed air to
open and close the steam damper, which
in turn allows the air to flow either through
the coil for heat, or under the coil for cool
down. Air supply is 80 psi +/- 10 psi (5.51
bar +/- 0.69 bar).
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M. COMPRESSED AIR REQUIREMENTS
This dryer requires an external supply of air (2.5
cfm @ 80 psi [0.07 cmm @ 5.51 bar]) on the steam
models, the air is necessary to operate the steam
damper system. On both steam, as well as the gas
model, the air is necessary for the blower air jet
operation to clean lint from the impellor/fan (squirrel
cage type).
N. ELECTRIC OVEN
Electric dryers are equipped with an electric oven
located behind the control door. The electric oven
assembly consists of the electric oven box,
contactor, and heating elements. In an electric oven,
the elements heat the passing airflow entering the
tumbler. ALL ovens have kW ratings. This is the
rating of how much heat the oven can produce. The
higher the rating, the more heat.
O. SAIL SWITCH (ELECTRIC AND GAS MODELS)
The sail switch consists of a round damper plate on a lever
arm, which acts like an actuator for a microswitch. When
the air blower comes on, it draws air through the burner.
This creates a negative pressure inside the burner box, and
this negative pressure pulls in the round damper, which
activates the sail switch. If there is improper airflow, the
damper will not pull in, preventing the burner from coming
on. Improper airflow can be caused by improperly designed
exhaust ducting, where the duct run is too long or has too
many sharp bends on it. It can also be caused by a lack of
make-up air. Sail switch is located in front of the oven on
electric dryers and in the back of the burner on gas models.
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P. MOTOR CONTACTOR (1Ø MOTOR)
This motor contactor used on a single-phase (1ø)
dryer, is located in the rear of the dryer, in the electrical
panel box. Its purpose is to transfer the higher voltage
to the motor, when the contactor coil voltage has been
achieved.
Q. NON-REVERSING CONTACTOR (3Ø MOTOR)
The non-reversing contactor is used on 3-phase (3ø)
non-reversing dryers and is located on the upper left
hand side of the dryer (view from the rear). Its
purpose is to transfer the higher voltage to the motor,
when the contactor coil voltage has been achieved.
R. REVERSING RELAY PANEL
This panel is located in the back of the
dryer at the upper left hand corner. On
this panel is an arc suppressor board,
which filters out “noise” that might go to
the coils of the contactors. Also, mounted
on this panel are the drive and blower/fan
contactors. The 2-pole circuit breaker is
used to protect L1 and L3 on 460-480 VAC
models only. The transformer is stepping
down the incoming voltage to 24 VAC, to
supply the voltage to the computer and
controls.
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S. HI-LIMIT THERMOSTAT (GAS AND ELECTRIC MODELS ONLY)
The hi-limit thermostat is another safety device that we use on gas and electric models. The hi-limit is
located in the burner or oven area. The hi-limit switch cuts off the heat, if the temperature exceeds 290°
for electric models or 330º for gas models. The only way this device would shut off the heat, is when the
airflow changes to the extent of making the flame brush up against it.
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SECTION V
SERVICING
IMPORTANT: YOU MUST DISCONNECT AND LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC SUPPLY AND
THE GAS SUPPLY BEFORE ANY COVERS OR GUARDS ARE REMOVED
FROM THE MACHINE TO ALLOW ACCESS FOR CLEANING,
ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, OR TESTING OF ANY EQUIPMENT PER
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA)
STANDARDS.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY COULD RESULT.
The information provided in this section should not be misconstrued as a device for use by untrained
persons making repairs. Service work should be performed by competent technicians in accordance
with local, state, and federal codes. When contacting the factory for assistance, always have the dryer
model number and serial number available.
CAUTION: Observe ALL safety precautions displayed on the dryer or specified in this
manual before and while making repairs.
Before considering replacement, make sure that ALL connectors are in place and making proper contact.
Check input voltages and temperature sensor. After replacing any parts, or performing adjustments or
service, run through a complete cycle.
A. CONTROLS (COMPUTER)
TO REPLACE CONTROL PANEL ASSEMBLY
1. Disconnect power to the dryer.
2. Disconnect the J3, J4, J5, J6, and J8
harnesses from rear of the computer by
squeezing the top locking tabs and
pulling the connector straight back.
3. Disconnect the green ground wire from
the computer.
4. To remove control panel assembly from the control box, gently tap the bottom of the control panel
upward and lift off the hinges.
5. Install new control panel assembly by reversing the procedure.
6. Be sure to check or reset programs.
NOTE: Use caution when handling microprocessor controller. It can be easily damaged by
static electricity.
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TO REPLACE COMPUTER
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Disconnect the J3, J4, J5, J6, and J8
harnesses from the rear of the computer
by squeezing the top locking tab and
pulling the connector straight back.
3. Disconnect the green ground wire from
the computer.
4. Disconnect the keypad ribbon from the computer.
5. Remove the two (2) screws securing the computer to the control panel and remove computer from
the panel, by pulling upwards on the corners.
6. Install the new computer by reversing this procedure.
7. Be sure to check or reset programs.
NOTE: Use caution when handling microprocessor controller. It can be easily damaged by
static electricity.
TO REPLACE KEYPAD (Refer to illustration above)
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Swing the control panel open and unplug keypad ribbon from the computer board.
3. Peel the keypad from the front of the control panel, taking care to avoid scratching the panel.
4. Clean any adhesive residue from the panel.
5. Peel of paper backing from new keypad.
6. Align the display window on the keypad, with the cutout in the control panel and press in place.
7. Connect keypad ribbon to the board and reconnect power to the dryer.
8. Test for operation by pressing each selection (A through F).
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TO REPLACE COMPUTER TEMPERATURE SENSOR PROBE
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove microprocessor sensor bracket assembly
from the dryer.
a. Disconnect sensor bracket harness connector.
b. Loosen the two (2) Phillips head screws securing
the bracket assembly to the dryer and remove the
bracket from the dryer.
NOTE: DO NOT remove screws.
3. Disassemble the sensor probe from the bracket assembly by removing the top push on fastener
securing the probe to the bracket. Use a small screwdriver to slowly pry the fastener off.
4. Disconnect the two (2) orange wires from the high heat (225º) temperature thermostat. Remove
modular bracket connector, wires, and probe from the bracket assembly.
5. Install new sensor probe assembly (ADC Part No. 880251) by reversing the procedure.
6. Reestablish power to dryer.
NOTE: If, when power is reestablished the computer display reads “dSFL”, check for loose
connection on the wiring.
TO REPLACE MOTOR CONTACTOR 3-POLE, 24 VAC
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove ALL wires from contactor (NOTE: make sure each wire is marked with location removed
from).
3. Press down firmly on the contactor and shift towards the right, then pull contactor out.
4. Install the new contactor in reverse procedure.
5. Reestablish power to the dryer.
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B. BURNER CONTROLS (GAS)
This illustration is typical of ALL gas burners, but they are not ALL exactly alike. Your particular model
may have some differences.
TO REPLACE SPARK IGNITOR
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Disconnect high voltage connector and flame-probe
connection from ignitor.
3. Disassemble ignitor from burner by removing the two
(2) self-tapping screws.
4. Reverse procedure for installing the new ignitor probe.
NOTE: Before reestablishing power to the dryer,
visually check the following: (refer to the
illustration).
5. The flame-probe, ignitor probe, and ground rod are ALL
on the same line of axis.
6. There should be a 1/8” gap (+/- 1/32) between the ignitor probe and ground rod.
7. DO NOT wrap the red high voltage wire and flame-probe wire together. (Improper operation may
result.) They may run along side each other.
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TO REPLACE GAS VALVE
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Close shutoff valve in the gas supply line.
3. Disconnect the gas valve wiring.
4. Break union connection before gas valve.
5. Loosen and remove two (2) screws
securing pipe bracket to the burner.
6. Remove gas valve/manifold assembly
from the dryer.
7. Remove manifold from outlet of the gas valve.
8. Remove union tailpiece from valve. Use a 1/2” Allen wrench (ADC Part No. 410001).
9. Reverse procedure for installing the new gas valve.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing on a soapy water solution (liquid
detergent works well).
WARNING: NEVER TEST FOR LEAKS WITH A FLAME!!!
TO REPLACE MAIN BURNER ORIFICES
1. Refer to “TO REPLACE GAS VALVE” and follow Step #1 through #6.
2. Unscrew main burner orifices and replace.
NOTE: Use extreme care when removing and replacing orifices. THESE ORIFICES
ARE MADE OF BRASS, WHICH IS EASILY DAMAGED.
3. Reverse the removal procedure for reinstalling.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing on a soapy water solution (liquid
detergent works well).
WARNING: NEVER TEST FOR LEAKS WITH A FLAME!!!
TO TEST AND ADJUST GAS (WATER COLUMN [W.C.]) PRESSURE
There are two (2) types of devices commonly used to measure water column pressure. They are spring/
mechanical type gauges and manometers. The spring/mechanical type gauge is not recommended
because it is easily damaged and not always accurate. A manometer is simply a glass or transparent
plastic tube with a scale in inches, which when filled with water and pressure is applied, the water in the
tube rises, showing the exact water column pressure.
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NOTE: Manometers are available from the factory by ordering ADC Part No. 122804.
1. To test gas water column (W.C.) pressure.
a. Connect water column test gauge connection to gas valve pressure tap (1/8” N.P.T). This pressure
tap is located on the outlet (downstream) side of the valve.
b. Start the dryer. With burner on, the correct water column reading in inches would be:
Natural Gas __________________ 3.5 Inches (8.7 mb) Water Column
Liquid Propane (L.P.) Gas _______ 10.5 Inches (26.1 mb) Water Column
2. To adjust water column pressure for natural gas models, remove vent cap. Turn the slotted adjustment
screw located on top of the valve next to the terminals. Turn clockwise to increase manifold pressure
and counterclockwise to decrease. For L.P. gas models there is no regulator on valve.
NOTE: If correct water column pressure cannot be achieved, problem may be due to an
undersized gas supply line, a faulty or underrated gas meter, etc.
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TO CONVERT FROM NATURAL TO LIQUID PROPANE (L.P.) GAS
1. Disconnect electrical power to the dryer.
2. Close ALL shutoff valves in dryer gas supply line.
3. Disconnect gas valve wiring.
NOTE: Identify location of each wire for correct reinstallation.
4. Break union connection (nut) between union shutoff and gas valve.
5. Loosen and remove screws from bracket holding the gas valve/manifold assembly to burner box.
6. Remove gas valve/manifold assembly from the dryer.
7. Unscrew main burner orifices and replace with L.P. orifices supplied.
NOTE: Use extreme care when removing and replacing orifices. THESE ORIFICES
ARE MADE OF BRASS, WHICH IS EASILY DAMAGED.
8. To convert gas valve for use with L.P. gas, refer to instructions included in kit envelope (#F92-0737)
supplied.
9. Reverse procedure for reinstalling valve manifold assembly to the dryer.
IMPORTANT: External regulation of a consistent gas pressure of between 10.5 inches
(26.1 mb) water column (W.C.) must be provided.
10. Open ALL shutoff valves and test for leaks.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT test for leaks with an open flame. Use soapy water solution or
product intended for that purpose.
11. Operate dryer through one (1) complete cycle to ensure proper operation.
IMPORTANT: Conversion should be performed by competent technicians in accordance
with local and state codes. Improper assembly or adjustments can cause
hazardous condition.
NOTE: There is no regulator provided in an L.P. dryer. The water column pressure must
be regulated at the source (L.P. tank), or an external regulator must be added to
each dryer.
NOTE: Use extreme care when removing and replacing orifices. THESE ORIFICES
ARE MADE OF BRASS, WHICH IS EASILY DAMAGED.
12. Call ADC for L.P. conversion kits or the proper orifices for natural or L.P. gas.
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TO REPLACE BURNER TUBES
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Close shutoff valve in the gas supply line.
3. Disconnect the gas valve wiring.
4. Break union connection before gas valve.
5. Loosen and remove two (2) screws
securing the gas valve bracket to the
burner.
6. Remove gas valve/manifold assembly from the dryer.
7. Remove the screws securing the front flanges of the burner tubes to the burner rest.
8. Remove burner tubes by sliding them out.
9. Replace by reversing procedure.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing with a soapy water solution (liquid
detergent works well).
WARNING: NEVER TEST FOR LEAKS WITH A FLAME!!!
TO REPLACE DIRECT SPARK IGNITION (DSI) MODULE
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the wires connected to the
terminal strip at the top of the module,
and wires connected on the side of the
module.
3. Remove the high voltage wire from the
module.
4. Remove the two (2) hex nuts securing
the module to the module mounting
bracket.
5. Replace module by reversing process.
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C. STEAM CONTROLS
INSTALLATION
Piping must be installed in accordance with good commercial steam system practice. Refer to the
illustration below for a typical pipe arrangement.
STEAM DAMPER SYSTEM
MAN0582
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TO REPLACE STEAM COIL (DAMPER SYSTEM)
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the four (4) lock washers and hex nuts securing the hinges to the steam coil.
3. Remove hinges from the steam coil housing (these will be used on the new assembly).
4. Remove six (6) washers and hex nuts securing steam coil to the dryer.
5. Remove the steam coil assembly.
6. Reverse procedure for the new steam coil assembly.
TO REPLACE PISTON
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Discontinue the air supply to the dryer.
3. Remove left and right piston supports by removing two (2) washers and hex nuts and slide pin out.
4. Remove 1/8” M.P.T. connector from the piston and remove acorn nut on the end of piston shaft (this
will be used on the new piston).
5. Reverse procedure for installing the new piston.
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TO REPLACE THE NEEDLE VALVE
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Discontinue the air to the dryer.
3. Remove the 1/8” brass close nipple from the needle valve.
4. Remove the 1/8” M.P.T. connector from the needle valve.
5. Remove the needle valve.
6. Reverse procedure to install the new needle valve.
TO REPLACE THE 3-WAY MICROVALVE
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Discontinue the air to the dryer.
3. Remove inlet side of air from the 3-way valve.
4. Remove the two (2) 1” machine bolts and mounting hardware holding the 3-way valve to the bracket.
5. Remove the 1/8” brass close nipple from the outlet side of the valve.
6. Remove valve.
7. Reverse procedure to install the new microvalve.
TO REPLACE STEAM COIL
1. Shut off steam supply line to the dryer and run dryer to remove any condensation.
2. Discontinue power to the dryer.
3. Break union at flexible hose just before the steam coil at both inlet and outlet.
CAUTION: Steam coil and/or piping may be hot, allow time to cool.
4. Remove remaining piping from steam coil.
5. Remove six (6) screws holding coil to steam rack and lift core out.
6. Reverse procedures for installing new core.
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D. ELECTRICAL OVEN CONTROLS
TO REPLACE ELECTRICAL ELEMENTS
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove cover by removing two (2) screws and
lifting the cover.
3. Remove the screws and wiring holding the
element in place at the rear of the oven.
4. From the front of the oven, slide out element.
5. Reverse procedure for installation of new
element.
TO REPLACE OVEN CONTACTOR
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove wiring from contactor.
3. Remove three (3) nuts and lug nuts from the studs.
4. Pull contactor off.
5. Reverse procedure for installing new contactor.
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E. THERMOSTATS AND TEMPERATURE SENSOR
TO REPLACE HI-LIMIT THERMOSTAT (330º GAS, 290º ELECTRIC)
This thermostat is an important safety device serving as an added protection against failure of the air sail
switch to open in the event of motor failure or reduced airflow condition.
IMPORTANT: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should heat circuit safety devices ever be
disabled.
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Disconnect wires from hi-limit thermostat.
3. Remove screw, washer, and nut securing
thermostat to the bracket. Remove thermostat.
4. Reverse procedure for installing new thermostat.
TO REMOVE THE TEMPERATURE SENSOR OR HIGH HEAT PROTECTOR
(MICROPROCESSOR MODELS)
1. High Heat Protector
a. Discontinue power to the dryer.
b. Open and remove the lint door.
c. Locate temperature sensor bracket
assembly under tumbler. Loosen the two
(2) Phillips head screws. Disconnect the
connector.
MAN1019
d. Slide bracket toward rear of the dryer and remove the bracket assembly from the dryer.
e. At this point, you have access to remove either the high heat protector or the temperature sensor.
f. To remove the high heat protection, remove the two (2) screws, washers, and nuts holding the
high heat protector in place.
g. Remove the high heat protector.
h. Reverse procedure for installation of the new high heat protector.
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2. Temperature Sensor (Microprocessor Models)
a. Discontinue power to the dryer.
b. Open and remove the lint door.
c. Disconnect sensor bracket harness connector.
d. Loosen the two (2) Phillips head screws securing bracket assembly to dryer and remove by
sliding bracket towards the rear of the dryer.
e. Disassemble sensor probe from bracket assembly by removing the top push on fastener securing
the probe to the tumbler.
f. Disconnect the two (2) orange wires from the high heat temperature thermostat. Remove the
4-position connector, wires, and probe from the bracket assembly.
g. Install the new probe assembly (ADC Part No. 880251) by reversing procedure.
F. SAIL SWITCH ASSEMBLY (GAS AND ELECTRIC MODELS)
The sail switch is a heat circuit safety device, which controls the heat circuit only. When the dryer is
operating and there is proper airflow, the sail switch damper pulls in and closes the sail switch. If an
improper airflow occurs, the sail switch damper will release, and the circuit will open.
IMPORTANT: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should heat circuit safety devices ever be
disabled.
TO REPLACE SAIL SWITCH
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the two (2) screws, which mount the sail switch
box.
3. Disconnect the two (2) wires from the switch.
4. Disassemble sail switch from mounting bracket by
removing the two (2) screws securing the switch in place.
5. Reverse this procedure for installing the new sail switch.
Adjust sail switch as described in the next section.
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TO ADJUST SAIL SWITCH
1. Operate the installed dryer normally to verify that the heat system is fully operational.
2. Open the main dryer door.
3. Manually depress the door switch actuator.
4. While continuing to depress the door switch actuator, and with the door open, start the dryer.
5. If the heat system is not activated in 15-seconds, the sail switch is properly adjusted.
6. If the heat system is activated, the sail switch is improperly adjusted and must be readjusted by
bending the actuator arm of the sail switch toward the front of the dryer. If the actuator arm is bent
too far toward the front of the dryer, the dryer may not have heat when needed. After any adjustments
of the sail switch, the above procedure must be repeated to verify proper operation.
CAUTION: DO NOT disable this switch by taping or screwing sail switch damper to burner.
Personal injury or fire could result.
G. FRONT PANEL AND MAIN DOOR ASSEMBLIES
TO REPLACE MAIN DOOR SWITCH
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Open the main door.
3. Remove the two (2) Phillips head screws holding the main
door switch cover in place.
4. Remove the two (2) nuts and washers securing the switch
to the door hinge, and take the switch off the two (2) clinch
studs on the hinge.
5. Disconnect the two (2) wires on the door switch. Connect
the new door switch to those two (2) wires.
6. Reverse this procedure for installing the new door switch.
IMPORTANT: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should the door switch be disabled.
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TO REPLACE MAIN DOOR ASSEMBLY
1. Remove screws holding main door to main door hinge.
2. Reverse this procedure for reinstalling the new main door assembly.
TO INSTALL NEW MAIN DOOR GLASS
1. Remove main door assembly from the dryer (follow main door removal procedure).
2. Lay main door on a flat surface with front of door face down.
3. Remove glass and clean ALL old sealant off main door. This area must be completely cleaned for
correct bonding.
4. Apply narrow bead of silicone (ADC Part No. 170730 for plastic type doors and cast type doors) ALL
around main door area where glass will rest.
5. Install glass onto door/adhesive and slightly press glass in place.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT press hard or silicone thickness between the glass and door will
be reduced resulting in poor bonding.
6. The door assembly should now be put in an area where it will not be disturbed for at least 24 hours.
Depending on the conditions, the curing time of the adhesive is 24 to 36 hours.
7. After 24 hour curing period, install main door on dryer by reversing Step #1.
TO REPLACE FRONT PANEL
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Follow procedure for removal of main door assembly.
3. Open control (service) door.
4. Remove the lint drawer.
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5. Remove the screws securing the front panel to the dryer.
6. Gently remove the top right hand corner of the front panel assembly from the dryer.
7. Disconnect the main door switch harness at the connector.
IMPORTANT: When removing front panel assembly, be careful not to damage main door
switch wires disconnected in Step #2.
8. Reverse this procedure for installing the new front panel.
TO REPLACE MAIN DOOR HINGE
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Follow procedure for removal of the main door assembly.
3. Follow procedure for removal of the front panel assembly.
4. Disassemble hinge from the front panel by removing the nuts located on the back side of the front
panel, which hold the hinge to the front panel.
IMPORTANT: When removing the hinge assembly from front panel, be careful you DO
NOT damage the main door switch wires.
5. Remove the main door switch assembly.
6. Reassemble by reversing the removal procedure.
TO REPLACE THE NYLON CATCH
1. Open the main door.
2. Drill out the two (2) pop rivets holding the nylon catch to the front panel, using a #21 (0.1590) drill bit.
3. Using two (2) pop rivets (ADC Part No. 154215), install nylon catch (ADC Part No. 170330) to the
front panel.
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H. TUMBLER AND BEARING ASSEMBLY
(Remove back guard to access assembly)
TO REPLACE TUMBLER PULLEY (NON-REVERSING)
1. Loosen V-belts, then rotate pulley and roll
V-belts out of the grooves.
2. Loosen two (2) setscrews on the pulley
and pull the pulley off the shaft.
3. Reverse procedure for installing the new
tumbler pulley.
NOTE: Check belt alignment before
operating the dryer.
TO REPLACE TUMBLER PULLEY (REVERSING)
1. Loosen V-belts, then rotate pulley and roll
V-belts out of the grooves.
2. Remove cap screws securing taper lock
hub to pulley.
3. Insert cap screws in tapped removal
holes and tighten evenly until bushing
becomes loose in pulley. See figure “A”.
4. Remove bushing, pulley, and key.
5. Assemble bushing and pulley as shown
in figure “B”. When cap screws are
loosely inserted, bushing remains fully
expanded to provide a sliding fit to the
shaft.
6. Insert key on the shaft, then slide pulley
to desired position with cap screw heads
to the outside.
7. Tighten cap screws progressively. There
remains a gap between the pulley hub
and the flange of the bushing.
IMPORTANT: Tighten screws evenly and progressively. Never allow the pulley to be in
contact with the flange of the bearing. This gap should measure from 1/8” to
1/4”. Proper cap screw torque is 30 ft-lb (40.67 Nm), if greater tightening
forces are applied, excess pressure will be created in the hub of the
mounted pulley, which may cause it to crack.
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TO REPLACE THE REAR TUMBLER BEARING
1. Remove the tumbler pulley (follow tumbler pulley removal procedure).
2. Remove the four (4) bolts securing the bearing platform to the back of the dryer.
3. Loosen Allen screw securing bearing collar to the shaft.
4. Slide bearing collar off the tumbler support.
5. Pull bearing platform and bearing housing off of shaft.
NOTE: If any rust has developed, use an emery cloth to polish the shaft.
6. Remove bolts securing bearing housing to the bearing platform and remove the tumbler bearing.
7. Reverse procedure for installing the new tumbler bearing.
NOTE: Tighten bearing Allen screw from 80- to 90-inch pounds. Check alignment of
pulleys before operating the dryer.
TO REPLACE THE FRONT TUMBLER BEARING
1. Remove tumbler pulley and bearing box (follow “TO REPLACE THE REAR TUMBLER BEARING”
Steps #1 through #4).
2. Loosen Allen screw on rear tumbler bearing collar.
3. Slide collar off of the shaft.
NOTE: An alternative method would be to place a block of wood on the end of the tumbler
shaft and strike it with a heavy hammer. To prevent damage to the shaft, the wheel
puller method is preferred.
4. Remove the four (4) nuts securing the bearing to the dryer back and remove the bearing.
5. Reverse procedure for installing the new tumbler bearing.
NOTE: Tighten bearing Allen screw from 80- to 90-inch pounds. Check tension of belts
and alignment of tumbler before operating the dryer.
6. Replace the back guard.
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I. IDLER AND BEARING ASSEMBLY
(Remove back guard to access assembly)
TO REPLACE IDLER PULLEY
1. Remove the back guard.
2. Loosen V-belts, then rotate pulley
and roll V-belts out of the grooves.
3. Loosen the two (2) setscrews on the
pulley and pull off the shaft.
4. Reverse procedure for installing the
new idler pulley.
NOTE: Check tension and alignment of belts before operating the dryer.
TO REPLACE IDLER BEARING
1. Remove the idler pulley (follow “TO REPLACE IDLER PULLEY”).
2. Remove the idler arm.
a. Remove two (2) bolts securing idler arm to the idler backup plate.
b. Remove idler arm assembly.
c. Loosen setscrews on both the front and rear bearing and remove the idler shaft.
d. Remove three (3) bolts securing the bearing to the idler arm and remove bearings.
3. Reverse procedure for installing the new idler bearings.
NOTE: Check tension and alignment of belts before operating the dryer.
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J. DRIVE PULLEY
(Remove back guard to access assembly)
1. Remove the back guard.
2. Loosen V-belts then rotate pulley and roll V-belts out of the
grooves.
3. Loosen setscrews and pull motor pulley out.
NOTE: If rust has developed on the shaft, use an emery
cloth to polish the shaft.
4. Reverse procedure for installing the new drive pulley.
NOTE: Check tension and alignment of belts before operating the dryer.
K. TUMBLER
TUMBLER ALIGNMENT (VERTICAL)
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the back guard.
3. Loosen the four (4) hex head bolts on
the sides of the bearing box (two [2] on
each side).
4. Back off jam nuts on the two (2) Allen
head adjustment screws at the top of the
bearing box.
5. Turn the screws clockwise evenly to raise
the tumbler or counterclockwise evenly
to lower the tumbler.
NOTE: V-belt tension may need to be loosened.
6. Rotate the tumbler from the front and check alignment with the main door opening.
7. Leave a larger gap from the inside ring on the top of the front panel opening to the tumbler, and a
smaller gap on the bottom to compensate for the weight of the clothes being dried.
8. Tighten the four (4) hex head bolts on the sides of the bearing box, and the two (2) Allen head
adjustment screws.
9. Replace the back guard.
10. Reconnect power to the dryer.
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TUMBLER ALIGNMENT (LATERAL)
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the back guard.
3. Loosen the two (2) hex head bolts, (one [1] turn is enough), that holds the pillow block bearing to the
bearing box.
4. Back off the two (2) jam nuts on the side adjustment bolts. Now, rotate the tumbler from the front of
the dryer, checking the space between the tumbler and the front panel. This should be equal on the
left hand and right hand side.
5. Lateral adjustment (viewing from the rear).
a. Loosening (by turning counterclockwise) the left hand adjustment bolt and tightening (by turning
clockwise) the right hand adjustment bolt will shift the tumbler to the right.
b. Loosening (by turning counterclockwise) the right hand adjustment bolt and tightening (by turning
clockwise) the left hand adjustment bolt will shift the tumbler to the left.
6. Tighten and secure both adjustment bolts and jam nuts.
7. Tighten the bearing box bolts.
8. Replace the back guard and reestablish power to the dryer.
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TO REPLACE THE TUMBLER AND/OR TUMBLER SUPPORT
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the tumbler pulley.
3. Remove the front panel assembly.
a. Open the control (service) door.
b. Open the lint door.
c. Remove the screws securing the front panel to the dryer.
d. Gently remove the top right hand corner of the front panel assembly from the dryer.
e. Disconnect the main door switch harness at connector.
IMPORTANT: When removing the front panel assembly, be careful not to damage the door
switch wires.
4. Loosen setscrews on rear tumbler bearings.
5. Using a wheel puller, gently push the tumbler shaft towards the front through the front tumbler
bearings.
NOTE: An alternate method would be to place a block of wood on the end of the tumbler
shaft and strike it with a heavy hammer. To prevent damage to the shaft, the wheel
puller method is preferred.
6. Remove the tumbler and support through the front of the dryer.
a. Remove the bolt in the center of the tumbler back wall.
b. Loosen and remove the nuts and washers from the tumbler tie rods. Remove the rods.
c. Replace either tumbler or tumbler support by reversing the procedure.
7. Reassemble components into dryer by reversing Steps #1 through #4.
8. Check tumbler lateral and vertical alignment. Also, check belt tension and alignment.
9. Replace the back guard and reestablish power to the dryer.
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L. V-BELTS
(Refer to illustration in Sections I, J, and K)
V-belts should have proper tension. If too loose, they will slip, if too tight excessive wear on the bearing
will result. If the pulleys are not properly aligned, excessive belt wear will result. Proper belt tension will
allow 1/2” displacement under normal thumb pressure at mid span of the belt.
V-BELT TENSION ADJUSTMENT – TUMBLER TO IDLER
1. Loosen two (2) bolts connecting idler arm to backup plate.
2. Back off jam nut on the adjustment bolt.
3. Tighten belts by turning adjustment bolt clockwise (turn
counterclockwise to loosen belts)
4. Tighten both bolts connecting idler arm to backup plate.
5. Check vertical plane of idler pulley for parallel alignment
with tumbler pulley.
6. If realignment is required, loosen tumbler pulley and move tumbler pulley to proper position.
7. Retighten jam nut.
V-BELT TENSION ALIGNMENT – MOTOR TO IDLER
1. Loosen two (2) bolts connecting idler arm to backup plate.
2. Back off on jam nut(s) on the adjusting bolt.
3. Loosen/tighten adjustment bolt to decrease/increase belt tension.
4. Tighten adjustment bolt jam nut(s).
5. Tighten the two (2) bolts loosened in Step #1.
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TO REPLACE V-BELTS
1. Loosen tension on V-belts, so that they can easily be rolled off pulleys.
2. Replace V-belts.
3. Retighten V-belts and adjust tension and alignment per previous instructions.
M. MOTOR
TO REPLACE MOTOR (NON-REVERSING)
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the drive belt.
3. Disconnect wiring harness from the motor.
4. Remove nuts and washers holding the motor mount to the rear of the dryer and pull motor mount
away.
5. Remove the two (2) left hand nuts on the motor shaft securing the impellor. Work the impellor free
from the motor shaft by means of a puller, to prevent damage to the motor shaft.
6. Remove the bolts holding the motor to the motor mount and replace it with a new motor.
7. Remove pulley from the old motor and install on the new motor.
8. Align motor with impellor face in plane with the motor mount at no less than 3/16” clearance.
9. Replace motor mount to the dryer.
N. IMPELLOR
NOTE: Follow Steps #1 through #5 and #8 in “Section V, Part M.”
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O. LINT DRAWER SCREEN
TO REPLACE LINT SCREEN
1. Gently slide the lint drawer outward.
2. Remove the lint bag and inspect for rips or tears. Replace with new lint bag, if damaged.
3. Reverse procedure for installing the new lint bag.
4. Close the lint drawer.
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SECTION VI
TROUBLESHOOTING
The information provided will help isolate the most probable components associated with the difficulty
described. The experienced technician realizes, however, that a loose connection or broken or shorted
wire may be at fault where electrical components are concerned...not necessarily the suspect component
itself.
Electrical parts should always be checked for failure before being returned to the factory.
The information provided should not be construed as a device for use by an untrained person in making
repairs. Only properly licensed technicians should service the equipment.
Observe ALL safety precautions displayed on the equipment or specified in this manual while making
repairs.
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PHASE 7 NON-COIN SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS
IMPORTANT: YOU MUST DISCONNECT AND LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC SUPPLY
AND THE GAS SUPPLY OR THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY
COVERS OR GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO
ALLOW ACCESS FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, OR
TESTING OF ANY EQUIPMENT PER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND
HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA) STANDARDS.
ALL major circuits, including door, microprocessor temperature sensor, heat and motor circuits are
monitored. The Phase 7 non-coin microprocessor controller (computer) will inform the user, via the light
emitting diode (L.E.D.) display of certain failure messages, along with L.E.D. indicators on the Input/
Output board on the back panel of the front right control door.
A. DIAGNOSTIC (L.E.D. DISPLAY) FAULT MESSAGES
MAIN DOOR OPENED – A main door is open, when it should be closed.
EXHAUST HIGH TEMP FAULT – Indicates the temperature in the tumbler is above 220º F (104º C).
LINT ACCESS OPEN – Indicates the lint drawer is open and needs to be closed.
EXHAUST HIGH LIMIT FAULT – Indicates the temperature disk in the exhaust has opened.
SAIL SWITCH CLOSED FAULT – Sail switch is closed and should be opened.
SAIL SWITCH OPEN FAULT – Sail switch is open and should be closed.
BURNER HIGH LIMIT FAULT – Indicates the temperature disk in the burner has opened.
BURNER IGNITION CONTROL FAULT – No signal to gas valve from Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module
during trial for ignition time.
IGNITION FAULT – Gas valve did not remain open after trial for ignition. Indicates that no flame was
detected.
FLAME FAULT – Indicates flame was detected during trial for ignition, but failed sometime after. This
condition must reoccur for five (5) retries before fault occurs.
ROTATION FAULT – Indicates the tumbler is not rotating.
OPEN EXHAUST TEMPERATURE PROBE – Indicates the exhaust temperature probe is open or shorted.
OPEN SENSOR ACTIVATED FIRE EXTINGUISHING (S.A.F.E.) SYSTEM PROBE FAULT – Indicates
the temperature probe for the S.A.F.E. system is open or shorted.
LOW VOLTAGE FAULT – Indicates power has dropped below the operating values and will shutdown.
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BURNER PURGE FAULT – The gas valve signal is present during the prepurge time.
MODEL ERROR, ENTER CORRECT MODEL – The wrong model was selected for the dryer.
EE PROM FAULT ### – Error in memory location. The ### indicates the location of the fault.
B. INPUT/OUTPUT BOARD LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (L.E.D.) INDICATORS
1. Inputs (Red L.E.D.)
1. ESTOP – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the E-STOP. If the E-STOP has been pressed, then
the L.E.D. is on.
2. GAS_V – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the gas valve. If the gas valve is open (ON), then the
L.E.D. is on.
3. BRHL – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the burner high limit disk. If the disk is closed (temperature
below 330º F [166º C]), then the L.E.D. is ON.
4. SAIL – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the sail switch. If the switch is closed, then the L.E.D. is
ON.
5. EXHL – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the exhaust high limit disk. If the disk is closed
(temperature below 225º F [107º C]), then the L.E.D. is ON.
6. MAIN – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the main door. If the door is closed, then the L.E.D. is
ON.
7. LINT – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the lint drawer. If the drawer is closed, then the L.E.D.
is ON.
8. FUSE – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the control voltage. If the POWER ON button is
pressed (green button light is on), then the L.E.D. is ON.
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2. Outputs (Green L.E.D.)
9. AUX – This is for a spare output to be programmed.
10. STEAM – This light emitting diode (L.E.D.) will indicate the status of the steam injection output. If the
request to turn on the steam injection is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
11. _HEAT – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the heat output. If the request to turn on the heater is
made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
12. AIR – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the air jet output. If the request to turn on the air jet is
made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
13. REV – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the tumbler reverse direction output. If the request to
tumble the drum in the reverse direction is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
14. FWD – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the tumbler forward direction output. If the request to
tumble the drum in the forward direction is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
15. FAN – This L.E.D. will indicate the status of the fan output. If the request to turn on the fan (blower)
is made, then the L.E.D. is ON.
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A. The display reads “Exhaust High Limit Fault”. (Refer to page 51)
The temperature in the tumbler is above 220º F (104º C) or follow Steps #1 through #4.
1. Check for voltage (24 VAC) at the computer on the J5 connector from pin 1 to ground. If no voltage
is present, either you have a poor connection at the J5 connector or the computer board is faulty. If
voltage (24 VAC) is present, proceed to Step #2.
2. Check for voltage (24 VAC) at the J12 connector pin 3 to ground. If no voltage is present, there may
be a poor connection at the J12 connector or a break in the wire going back to the J5 connector. If
24 VAC is present, proceed to Step #3.
3. Check for voltage on the J12 connector pin 4. If no voltage is present (24 VAC), check tumbler
thermostat reset. If popped, push in to reset. If thermostat does not reset, then replace with new
thermostat. If thermostat has not tripped, then check for poor connection in wire. If voltage is
present, proceed to Step #4.
4. Check for voltage at the J5 connector pin 2 to ground. If no voltage is present, check for a loose wire
between the J5 connector and the J12 connector.
B. The display reads “Burner High Limit Fault”. (Refer to page 52)
1. Indicates the tumbler hi-limit has tripped.
2. Check for a block or restriction in the exhaust.
3. Make sure the exhaust is properly sized.
4. Make sure location has adequate make-up air.
5. Check for voltage (24 VAC) at the computer board J4 connector pin 3 red wire 31 to ground. If no
voltage (24 VAC), check for a loose connection or change the computer board. If voltage is present,
proceed to Step #6.
6. Check for voltage at the J11 connector pin 2 to ground. If no voltage (24 VAC), check for a loose
connection in the wire, or check the oven hi-limit reset. If it has tripped, push in to reset.
C. The display reads “Bad Exhaust Temp Probe”. (Refer to page 55)
1. Check for a loose connection at the computer J3 connector to temperature sensor probe. If
connections are fine, next change the temperature sensor probe. If the display still reads “Bad
Exhaust Temp Probe,” change the computer board.
D. The display reads “Sail Switch Open Fault”. (Refer to page 52)
1. The sail switch has opened while dryer is in the heating mode.
2. Check for block or restriction in the exhaust.
3. Make sure exhaust is sized properly.
4. Clean the lint screen.
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E. The display reads “Sail Switch Closed Fault”. (Refer to page 52)
1. Prior to start up, the sail switch is in the closed position.
2. Check the sail switch and readjust accordingly.
3. Replace sail switch, if necessary.
F.
The display reads “Burner Ignition Control Fault”. (Refer to page 52)
1. Check for 24 VAC at the Direct Spark Ignition (DSI) module across MV and GND. If no voltage,
replace the DSI module. If voltage is present, check for 24 VAC at the gas valve on terminals 1 and
2. If no voltage, check for a loose connection on the wires going back to the DSI module. If voltage
is present, proceed to Step #2.
2. Make sure the gas valve shutoff is in the on position.
3. Make sure proper gas pressure is supplied to the gas valve (6.0-12.0 inches [14.92-29.9 mb] water
column [W.C.] for natural gas and 10.5 inches [26.1 mb] water column for liquid propane [L.P.] gas).
G. Tumbler will not rotate (non-reversing models), display reads “Rotation Fault”.
(Refer to page 53)
1. Possible causes:
a. Belt is broke, loose, or slipping.
b. Lint accumulation on the rotational sensor.
c. Rotational sensor magnet is missing or broke. Reset power, then, restart the dryer.
d. Check for 24 VAC at the computer board J8 connector pin 7 blue/silver wire to GND. If no voltage
is present, check for a loose connection, if connection is good, replace computer. If voltage is
present, proceed to next step.
e. Check for 24 VAC on the motor contactor A1 to A2. If no voltage, check for a loose connection in
the wire. If voltage is present, proceed to next step.
f. Check for 24 VAC on the motor contactor across T1 and T2. If no voltage, replace motor contactor.
If voltage is present, proceed to next step.
g. Use a nonconductive device (i.e., wooden pencil) to push in on the motor contactor. If motor does
not come on, the problem is a faulty motor.
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H. Drive motor reverses, but does not go forward, blower motor runs. The display
reads “Rotation Fault”.* (Refer to page 57)
1. Possible causes:
a. Belt is broke, loose, or slipping.
b. Lint accumulation on the rotational sensor.
c. Rotational sensor magnet is missing or broke. Reset power, then, restart the dryer.
d. Check for 24 VAC at the computer board J8 connector pin 8 brown wire to GND. If no voltage is
present, check for a loose connection, if connection is good, replace computer. If voltage is
present, proceed to next step.
e. Check for 24 VAC on the drive motor contactor forward side A1 to A2. If no voltage, check for a
loose connection in the wire going back to the blower contactor A2. If voltage is present, proceed
to next step.
f. Check for proper voltage on the T1, T2, and T3 side of the drive contactor. If no voltage, replace
drive contactor. If voltage is present, proceed to next step.
g. Use a nonconductive device (i.e., wooden pencil) to push in on the motor contactor. If motor does
not come on, the problem is a faulty motor.
I.
Drive motor operates in forward mode, but does not reverse, blower motor runs.
The display reads “Rotation Fault”.* (Refer to page 57)
1. Possible causes:
a. Belt is broke, loose, or slipping.
b. Lint accumulation on the rotational sensor.
c. Rotational sensor magnet is missing or broke. Reset power, then, restart the dryer.
d. Check for 24 VAC at the computer board J8 connector pin 9 gray wire to GND. If no voltage is
present, check for a loose connection, if connection is good, replace computer. If voltage is
present, proceed to next step.
e. Check for 24 VAC on the drive motor contactor reverse side A1 to A2. If no voltage, check for a
loose connection in the wire going back to the blower contactor A2. If voltage is present, proceed
to next step.
f. Check for proper voltage on the T1, T2, and T3 side of the drive contactor. If no voltage, replace
drive contactor. If voltage is present, proceed to next step.
g. Use a nonconductive device (i.e., wooden pencil) to push in on the motor contactor. If motor does
not come on, the problem is a faulty motor.
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J.
No display condition or display reads “Low Voltage Fault”.* (Refer to page 54)
1. Check for line voltage (120, 208, 240, etc.) in the rear of the dryer at the distribution block. If no
voltage is present, the problem may be a faulty or tripped breaker. If voltage is present, check for
line voltage (120, 208, 240, etc.) at FIA (refer to illustration on page 54) to neutral. If no voltage is
present, check for blown fuse or loose connection.
2. If voltage is present, check for voltage (24 VAC) on the motor contactor T3. If no voltage is present,
check for a loose connection. If connection is fine, replace the transformer. If voltage is present,
check for 24 VAC at the J17 connector on the pink wire pin 3 to ground. If no voltage is present,
check for a loose connection.
3. If voltage is present, check for 24 VAC on the microprocessor J8 connector pin 1 pink wire to ground.
If no voltage is present, check for a loose connection. If voltage is present, check the 1/2-Amp fuse
on the computer board marked “F1.” If fuse is not blown, then the problem is a faulty microprocessor.
K. The display reads “Open Sensor Activated Fire Extinguishing (S.A.F.E.) System
Probe Fault”. (Refer to page 55)
1. Check for a loose connection or shorted wire at the microprocessor at the J3 connector pin 7 red
wire to the J10 connector pin 1.
2. Check for a loose connection or short in the wire at the microprocessor J3 connector pin 8 black
wire.
3. Check for a loose connection at the 2-pin connector P10.
4. S.A.F.E. system probe may be shorted and needs to be replaced.
L. The display reads “Cycle Paused, Main Door Open”. (Refer to page 56)
1. Make sure main door is closed.
2. Make sure main door has good contact with the main door switch.
3. Check for a loose connection at the microprocessor J8 connector pins 5 and 6 orange/silver wires.
4. Check for a loose connection at the connector pins 1 and 3.
5. Check for a loose connection at the main door switch.
6. When the door switch button is in the closed position, check for continuity. If no continuity, replace
the door switch.
M. The display reads “Cycle Paused, Lint Access Open”. (Refer to page 56)
1. Make sure lint drawer is closed.
2. Check for a loose connection at the microprocessor J8 connector pins 3 and 4 orange/silver wires.
3. Check for a loose connection at the J18 connector pins 1 and 4 orange/silver wires.
4. When the lint drawer switch is pressed in, check for continuity. If no continuity, replace the lint
drawer switch.
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SECTION VII
DATA LABEL INFORMATION
A. DATA LABEL
When contacting ADC, certain information is required to ensure proper service/parts information from
ADC. This information is on the data label affixed to the left side panel/wall area behind the control door.
When contacting ADC, please have the model number and serial number available.
1. MODEL NUMBER – Describes the size of the dryer and the type of heat (gas, electric, or steam).
2. SERIAL NUMBER – Allows the manufacturer to gather information on your particular dryer.
3. MANUFACTURING CODE NUMBER – The number issued by the manufacturer, which describes ALL possible
options on your particular model.
4. TYPE OF HEAT – This describes the type of heat for your particular dryer, gas (either natural gas or liquid
propane [L.P.] gas), electric, or steam.
5. HEAT INPUT (for GAS DRYERS) – This describes the heat input in British thermal units per hour (Btu/hr).
6. ORIFICE SIZE (for GAS DRYERS) – Gives the number drill size used.
7. ELECTRIC SERVICE – This describes the electric service for your particular model.
8. GAS MANIFOLD PRESSURE (for GAS DRYERS) – This describes the manifold pressure taken at the gas valve
tap.
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B. USING A MANOMETER
HOW TO USE A MANOMETER
1. With dryer in nonoperating mode, remove plug on the gas valve pressure tap.
2. Install 1/8” N.P.T. fitting supplied with the manometer.
3. Attach plastic tubing to pressure tap fitting.
4. Attach manometer to dryer using magnet.
NOTE: Place manometer in a position so that readings can be taken at eye level.
5. Fill manometer as shown in illustration to the zero level.
6. Start dryer. With burner on take a reading.
a. Read water level at the inner tube. Readings should be taken at eye level.
b. Correct readings should be:
Natural Gas __________________ 3.5 Inches (8.7 mb) Water Column (W.C.).
Liquid Propane (L.P.) Gas _______ 10.5 Inches (26.1 mb) Water Column (W.C.).
7. If water column pressure is incorrect, refer to “TO ADJUST GAS PRESSURE.”
8. Reverse procedure for removing manometer.
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C. KEYPAD LAYOUT
1. Dot Matrix Display
2. A-F Preprogrammed Cycles
3. Stop/Pause Button
4. Start Button
5. Increment Button
6. Decrement Button
7. One time Auto (Dryness level)
and Manual (Timed) Cycle
NOTE: Fuse 1 is for computer power rated at 1/2-Amp. If fuse blows, it is a computer
board fault. Fuse 2 is for 24V control power rated at 5-Amp. If fuse blows, it is a
24V control fault.
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D. SENSOR ACTIVATED FIRE EXTINGUISHING (S.A.F.E.) SYSTEM
THEORY OF OPERATION
While the dryer is in an idle state or 20-seconds after the heat turns off, the Phase 7 control monitors the
S.A.F.E. system probe located in the top of the tumbler chamber and records the minimum temperature.
If the minimum recorded S.A.F.E. system probe temperature is no less than 120° F (48° C) and the
control detects a 50° rise in temperature, this will be the trip point and the S.A.F.E. system routine will
activate.
While a drying cycle is in process and the heat has turned on at least once, the Phase 7 control monitors
the exhaust temperature transducer. If the drying cycle temperature set point is set greater than 160° F
(71° C) and the control detects an exhaust temperature rise 25° F greater than set point, this will be the
trip point and the S.A.F.E. system routine will activate. If set point is below 160° F (71° C) the trip point will
be 185° F (85° C).
Once the S.A.F.E. system routine is activated, water will be injected into the tumbler chamber. Anytime
water is being injected into the tumbler; the tumbler drive will turn the load for 1-second every 15-seconds.
This process will continue for a minimum of 2 minutes. After 2 minutes has elapsed, the control will check
if the temperature remained above trip point, if so water will remain on. The control will continue to check
if temperature is above trip point every 30-seconds. If the water has been on for a constant 10 minutes,
the water will be turned off regardless of the temperature. If the temperature has dropped below trip
point, the control will turn off the water prior to 10 minutes.
SYSTEM RESET
After the microprocessor determines that the situation is under control and shuts the water being injected
into the tumbler off, the microprocessor display will read “S.A.F.E. System activated”, and the horn/tone
will sound until reset manually.
To reset the microprocessor once the control displays “S.A.F.E. System activated”, press the red key on
the keypad.
NON-COIN S.A.F.E. SYSTEM CHECK PROCEDURE
The operation of the water solenoid valve can be tested to ensure that the water supply system and valve
are functional. Before attempting system check, be sure that ALL water supply shutoff valves to the dryer
are in the OPEN position, and the dryer must be in the “READY” mode where no cycle is loaded or in
progress.
The procedure is as follows:
1. Press and hold the RED STOP key (while in “READY” mode and no cycle in progress).
2. Press and hold the “A” key.
3. Water valve will open and water will be dispensed into tumbler area as long as both keys are held.
IMPORTANT: This is a test function only and the keys should be held and system
activated for only a second or so, otherwise water will accumulate in various
places in the dryer.
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E. STATIC PRESSURE
The pressure of the air in sheet metal ducts is of great importance for safe and efficient operation of the
dryer. The air pressures, as small as they are, have a large influence upon the performance of the dryer.
There are three (3) pressures present within a duct. The velocity pressure, which is the pressure due to
the moving stream of air, the static pressure, which is the outward push of the air against the walls of the
duct, and the total pressure, which is the sum of the static and velocity pressures. Only the total and
static pressures can be measured. The velocity pressure is then calculated from the difference between
the two. The static pressure is the most influential and determining factor in the design of a dryer duct
system. ADC recommends that the dryer exhaust duct static pressure not exceed 0.3 inches (0.74 mb)
of water column (W.C.).
Gages used to measure such small air pressures utilize the elevation of a column of water. This form of
gage is called a manometer. One form of this gage is known as a U-tube and is shown in Illustration #1.
When one end of the tube is connected to the duct, the static (outward) pressure within the duct forces
the water column to be depressed in one leg of the U-tube and up in the other. The elevation of the water
column in Illustration #1 is 3.2 inches (8 mb).
ILLUS. #1
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F. USING A MAGNEHELIC
When measuring such small air pressures, the U-tube is often not accurate enough. Such small differences
in pressure are most often measured by an inclined tube manometer or a Magnehelic pressure gage as
shown in Illustration #2.
ILLUS. #2
For convenience and accuracy, an instrument known as a Pitot tube is used with the gage. The Pitot
tube, as shown in Illustration #3, consists of two tubes – one within the other. The inner tube measures
the total pressure alone, while the outer tube measures the static pressure alone.
ILLUS. #3
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To obtain the most accurate static pressure readings of a dryer, the following guidelines should be
conformed to. The reading should be taken in a straight section of duct, a minimum of ten (10) times the
diameter of the duct (i.e. 10-inches [25.4 cm] diameter duct, a straight section 100-inches [254 cm] in
length). The reading should be taken a minimum of 8-1/2 times the diameter upstream of the dryer or
nearest elbow, and 1-1/2 times the diameter downstream of the Pitot tube. The following is an example
showing the proper location to take a static pressure reading.
In designing a dryer exhaust duct system, it is not necessary to compute the friction loss of the ductwork.
The friction loss (static pressure) is predetermined to not exceed 0.3 inches (0.74 mb) of water column
(W.C.). This maximum allowable static pressure is the same for ALL model dryers and is calculated to
provide maximum dryer efficiency. It is necessary to determine the total equivalent length of the duct
system. The total equivalent length of the duct system is the actual length of the duct added to the
equivalent length of ALL the fittings. The equivalent length of a fitting, is the length of straight duct of the
same size as the fitting in which the friction losses are equal. Equivalent lengths must be determined for
ALL elbows, as well as, any entries which may be incorporated into a common duct system for multiple
dryers. The total equivalent length is then used with the total cfm exhaust rating of the dryer(s) to
calculate the minimum round duct diameter. When designing a single common duct system for multiple
dryers, each individual dryer exhaust duct enters the main common duct.
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ADC Part No. 450268
1 - 10/26/05 - 0
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