Miranda | IRD-3802 | Operating instructions | Miranda IRD-3802 Operating instructions

DENSITÉ series
IRD-3802
Integrated Receiver and Decoder
Guide to Installation and Operation
M837-9600-100
18 Sep 2008
Miranda
Technologies Inc.
3499 Douglas-B.-Floreani
St-Laurent, Québec, Canada H4S 1Y6
Tel. 514-333-1772
Fax. 514-333-9828
www.miranda.com
© 2008 Miranda Technologies Inc..
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Safety Compliance Information
Safety Compliance
This equipment complies with:
-
CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1-03 / Safety of Information Technology Equipment, Including Electrical Business Equipment.
UL 60950-1 (1st Edition) / Safety of Information Technology Equipment, Including Electrical Business Equipment.
st
IEC 60950-1 (1 Edition) / Safety of Information Technology Equipment, Including Electrical Business Equipment.
CAUTION
These servicing instructions are for use by qualified service personnel only. To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not
perform any servicing other than that contained in the operating instructions unless you are qualified to do so. Refer all
servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing should be done in a static-free environment.
Electromagnetic Compatibility
-
This equipment has been tested for verification of compliance with FCC Part 15, Subpart B, class A requirements for
Digital Devices.
This equipment complies with the requirements of:
EN 55022 Class A, Electromagnetic Emissions,
EN 61000-3-2 & -3-3, Disturbance in Supply Systems
EN 61000-4-2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -8 & -11 Electromagnetic Immunity
How to contact us:
For technical assistance, please contact the Miranda Technical support centre nearest you:
Americas
Telephone:
+1-800-224-7882
e-mail:
techsupp@miranda.com
Asia
Telephone:
+852-2539-6987
e-mail:
asiatech@miranda.com
Europe, Middle East, Africa, UK
Telephone:
+44 (0) 1491 820222
e-mail:
eurotech@miranda.com
China
Telephone:
+86-10-5873-1814
e-mail:
asiatech@miranda.com
France (only)
Telephone:
+33 (0) 1 55 86 87 88
e-mail:
eurotech@miranda.com
Visit our web site at www.miranda.com
IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Table of Contents
1
IRD-3802 HD/SD MPEG Decoder with ASI and GigE IP inputs...............................................5
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
2
Installation ..................................................................................................................................9
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3
3.4
Control options .................................................................................................................................. 11
Card-Edge Status LED...................................................................................................................... 11
Local control using the Densité frame control panel......................................................................... 12
3.3.1 Overview .............................................................................................................................. 12
3.3.2 Menu for local control........................................................................................................... 12
Remote control using iControl........................................................................................................... 13
3.4.1 The iControl graphic interface window................................................................................. 13
3.4.2 The Input panel .................................................................................................................... 16
3.4.3 The Decoder panel............................................................................................................... 16
3.4.4 The Video Output panel ....................................................................................................... 17
3.4.5 The Audio Processing panel ................................................................................................ 20
3.4.6 The Reference panel ........................................................................................................... 21
3.4.7 The Probing panel................................................................................................................ 22
3.4.8 The Test panel ..................................................................................................................... 25
3.4.9 The Network Settings panel................................................................................................. 25
3.4.10 The Factory/Presets panel................................................................................................... 27
3.4.11 The Options panel................................................................................................................ 29
3.4.12 The Alarm Config panel ....................................................................................................... 32
3.4.13 The Info panel ...................................................................................................................... 34
User Reference Guide ..............................................................................................................36
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
5
Unpacking ........................................................................................................................................... 9
Installation in the Densité frame.......................................................................................................... 9
Rear Panels ........................................................................................................................................ 9
Connections ...................................................................................................................................... 10
Operation ..................................................................................................................................11
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 5
Features .............................................................................................................................................. 5
Applications......................................................................................................................................... 7
Block Diagram..................................................................................................................................... 7
Front Card-edge Interface................................................................................................................... 8
Decoding MPEG Transport Streams ................................................................................................ 36
Decoding Audio................................................................................................................................. 36
MPEG AV Synchronization ............................................................................................................... 37
About V-CHIP & Rating Information.................................................................................................. 37
Using the Up/Down/Cross Option ..................................................................................................... 38
About AFD processing ...................................................................................................................... 38
Using the TS Probing Option ............................................................................................................ 42
Specifications ...........................................................................................................................43
ANNEX – Local Control Panel User Interface ..............................................................................45
IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
1 IRD-3802 HD/SD MPEG Decoder with ASI and GigE IP inputs
1.1
Introduction
The IRD-3802 combines MPEG-2 and H.264 decoding of ASI and IP transport streams to either HD or SD,
with processing of key video and audio parameters and signal probing functions for feed aggregation,
distribution, and monitoring applications by broadcasters and TV services providers.
DVB-ASI or IP transport streams fed to the IRD-3802 can be decoded to provide either HD or SD SDI video
with embedded multi-channel audio, in all leading formats, as well as composite video and stereo analog
audio for monitoring. With its Gigabit Ethernet port, the IRD-3802 can also act as a gateway, by performing
IP encapsulation of the input transport stream in either RTP or UDP mode.
The IRD also provides convenient optional high video signal processing with frame synchronization and
selectable delay as well as Up/Down/Cross conversion and aspect ratio conversion. The IRD can decode an
extensive range of metadata, such as CEA-608 compliant Closed Captioning, AFD, V-chip and DVITC time
code, that can be embedded in the decoded SDI signal. Transport Stream metadata such as PSIP can also
be analyzed.
The audio processing capabilities of the IRD-3802 are also extensive with dual audio decoding and
selectable stereo downmix modes of decoded MPEG-1 and Dolby Digital (AC-3) 2.0 audio. Optionally, the
IRD-3802 also performs decoding of Dolby Digital (AC-3) 5.1 audio, with discrete 6-channel output.
In addition, the IRD-3802 performs a wide range of signal quality probing, with user-defined alarm settings on
an extensive range of transport stream parameters, including TR 101290 alarms, transport stream structure
analysis and individual program statistics.
1.2
Features
Input/Output Versatility
• Dual ASI transport stream inputs
• Single ASI transport stream output for signal monitoring or retransmission
• IP transport stream input/output: an ASI signal can be re-transmitted as IP and an IP stream can be
forwarded as ASI
• IRD acts as IP video gateway and even allows de-multiplexing of the ASI stream to send selected
programs on the IP stream with forward error correction (FEC) for improved quality
• Dual HD/SD SDI outputs
• Composite video and stereo analog audio monitoring outputs
Easy Input and Program Selection
• Manual or automatic input selection mode
• Automatic mode allows switching to backup input upon loss of signal on active input, with adjustable
duration
• Program selection using local control or iControl
• Extensive transport stream structure is displayed allowing easy identification of individual programs in
an MPTS
• MPTS automatic program selection mode and recovery
IRD-3802 | 5
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Extensive Video Decoding
• The IRD can decode signals in various resolutions extending to 1920x1080i, and at various
frequencies. Output formats include:
o 1920x1080i 59.94
o 1920x1080i 50
o 1280x720p 59.94
o 1280x720p 50
o 720x486i 59.94
o 720x576i 50
Comprehensive Audio Decoding
• Decoding of MPEG-1 Layer 2 stereo audio
• Decoding of MPEG 2 audio
• Support of Dolby Digital (AC-3) 2.0 audio
• Optional decoding of Dolby Digital (AC-3) 5.1 audio, with support of main and associated audio
services and discrete 6-channel output
• Support for AAC audio (2 CH only)
Frame Synchronizer/Delay and Reference Input
• Supports timing, full phasing and freeze modes
• Reference can be external via BNC connection, internal using Densité REF-1801 module or directly
from the decoded signal with selectable genlock modes
Decoded Video Format Identification
• Convenient identification of key video parameters
o Aspect ratio identification: 16:9 or 4:3
o Video resolution
Video Up/Down/Cross Conversion
• Extensive selection of video format conversions (see chart)
Audio Processing and Format Identification
• Provides down mix of 5.1 channel to Lt/Rt or Lo/Ro modes
• Extensive AC-3 Status reporting, including:
o Service and Source Channel ID
o Low Frequency Effect (LFE) presence detection
o Sample rate detection
o Bit rate reporting
• Support for Secondary Audio Program (SAP)
• Configurable AC-3 dynamic range and compression
Metadata Extraction, Display and Embedding
The following can be extracted from the TS and embedded in SD-SDI or HD-SDI signal:
o EIA-608 and EIA-708 closed captioning
o SMPTE 12M Time code
SMPTE 2016 AFD flag
Extensive PSIP data extraction, including:
o Time and Date and other STT data
o Channel Number and other VCT parameters
o Event Description and EIT Event Information Table
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
o Rating and other RRT data
o TSID
Transport Stream Probing and Alarming
• Transport Stream (TS) monitoring and alarming:
o TR 101 290 Priority 1 and Priority 2 alarming on key parameters
o TS Bit rate
o TS ID and number of programs as identified in PAT
o Network ID and name as identified in NIT
o Logging of alarms using iControl
• Detailed TS structure reporting using graphical and hierarchical views
1.3
Applications
•
Decoding of MPEG-2 and H.264 multi-program or single-program ASI transport streams
•
Decoding of MPEG-2 and H.264 multi-program or single-program IP video
•
IP encapsulation of ASI transport streams
•
Program aggregation in TV service provider headends
1.4
Block Diagram
The following block diagram shows the functionality of the IRD-3802.
Figure 1.1 Functional block diagram of the IRD-3802
IRD-3802 | 7
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
1.5
Front Card-edge Interface
The front card-edge of the IRD-3802 incorporates two
elements:
Select
Status LED (see section 3.2)
Select Button (see section 3.3)
Status
•
•
IRD-3802
Select Button
Status LED
Figure 1.2 Front card-edge layout
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2 Installation
2.1
Unpacking
Make sure the following items have been shipped with your IRD-3802. If any of the following items are
missing, contact your distributor or Miranda Technologies Inc.
• IRD-3802 Integrated Receiver and Decoder
• IRD-3802-3DRP Rear Panel (see figure 2.1)
2.2
Installation in the Densité frame
The IRD-3802 and its associated rear connector rear panel must be mounted in a Densité3 frame. It is not
necessary to switch off the frame’s power when installing or removing the card. See the Densité3 Frame
manual for detailed instructions for installing cards and their associated rear panels.
2.3
Rear Panels
The IRD-3802 has multiple inputs and outputs, and making space for all the necessary connectors at the rear
of the frame requires a double-width rear panel.
With the double-width rear panel installed, the IRD-3802 must be installed in the right-most of the two slots
covered by the panel in order to mate with the panel’s connectors.
If it is placed in the wrong slot, the front panel LED will flash red. Move the card to other slot for correct
operation. No damage will result to the card should this occur.
Figure 2.1 IRD-3802-3DRP Rear Panel for the IRD-3802
IRD-3802 | 9
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2.4
Connections
The rear panel connections are as follows:
• REF IN – External reference input
For external synchronization, connect a black studio reference signal to the BNC labeled REF IN.
The reference input must conform to SMPTE
170M/SMPTE 318M/ITU 624-4/BUT 470-6 for
standard definition signals and SMPTE 274M /
SMPTE 296M for high definition signals and is
used to phase the HD/SD SDI outputs to the
studio.
Supported input signals
Reference
525 (SMPTE-259M-C)
NTSC (SMPTE170M)
625 (SMPTE-259M-C)
PAL (ITU 624-4)
1080i50 (SMPTE-274M)
1080i50, PAL
1080i59.94 (SMPTE1080i59.94, NTSC
The table shows the reference signals
274M)
appropriate for the supported input formats. In
essence, the input and the reference must have
720p50 (SMPTE-296M)
720p50, PAL
the same frame rate.
720p59.94 (SMPTE720p59.94, NTSC
A reference mismatch will occur if there is a
296M)
difference between the input video format’s
ASI (EN50083-9)
------frame rate and the reference format’s frame
rate.
When a mismatch occurs, an input error will be flagged and the card-edge Status LED will turn red to
indicate the mismatch.
• ASI IN – ASI video (2)
Connect up to two DVB-ASI signals conforming to EN 50083-9. The IRD-3802 can automatically switch to
the detected input.
• ASI OUT – Outputs the selected ASI or de-encapsulated IP input
• HD/SD OUT 1 & 2 – SDI output, HD or SD
The IRD-3802 provides two identical HD/SD SDI video outputs on BNC connectors. The SDI video signals
conform to the SMPTE 292M and SMPTE 259M-C standards. The output format follows the input format.
• COMP OUT – down-converted and encoded composite output (requires Analog Output option)
This output is not frame-synchronized, and the video has not been processed through the post-processing
blocks of the IRD-3802.
• Audio OUT (L & R) – analog audio extracted from the input signal (requires Analog Output option)
This audio is also embedded in the output video stream. If the input audio is 5.1, the user must select the
two source channels to monitor; otherwise, a downmix will be monitored.
• ETH – Gigabit Ethernet – can be configured as input or output
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3 Operation
3.1
Control options
The IRD-3802 can be controlled in two different ways:
•
The local control panel and its push-buttons can be used to move through a menu of parameters and to
adjust parameter values (see section 3.3).
•
Miranda’s iControl system can be used to access the card’s operating parameters from a remote
computer, using a convenient graphical user interface (GUI). (see section 3.4)
3.2
Card-Edge Status LED
The status monitor LED is located on the front card-edge of the IRD-3802, and is visible through the front
access door of the DENSITÉ frame. The chart shows how the various error conditions that can be flagged on
the IRD-3802 affect the LED status.
•
If a cell in the chart is gray, the error condition cannot cause the LED to assume that status
•
If more than one LED status is possible for a particular error condition, the status is configurable.
See Section 3.4.12 for details.
•
The factory default status is shown by a
, and forced status by an X
The LED will always show the most severe detected error status that it is configured to display, and in the
chart error severity increases from left to right, with green representing no error/disabled, and flashing red the
most severe error.
Led Color
Alarm Name/Error Report
Card booting
Green
Yellow
Red
Flashing
Red
Description
After power-up, the led becomes yellow until
Linux is properly booted (takes about 40s)
X
Hardware/System Failure
X
Major hardware or system failure. In some
cases, the error log will show the reason
No Rear Detect
X
As per densité
No TS Input Signal
No MPEG TS input detected
TS Limit
TS has more than 128 PIDs or more than 64
programs or more than 1024 tables
No Video Signal
The MPEG TS input might be present, but
no video signal is available for decode
No Audio Signal
The video may be present, but no audio
stream is valid for decode
No Reference Signal
No reference signal is detected
Reference Mismatch
A reference mismatch is detected
Program not synchronized
The decoded video is not synced on PCRs
Test Bars ON
X
The card is in test mode with color bar
activated
If the LED is Flashing Yellow, it means that the card is selected for local control using the Densité frame’s
control panel. See Section 3.3 for details.
IRD-3802 | 11
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3.3
Local control using the Densité frame control panel
3.3.1
Overview
Push the SELECT button on the IRD-3802 card edge (Section 1.5) to assign the local control panel to
operate the IRD-3802. Use the control panel buttons to navigate through the menu, as described below.
All of the cards installed in a Densité frame are connected to the frame’s controller card, which handles all
interaction between the cards and the outside world. There are no operating controls located on the cards
themselves. The controller supports remote operation via its Ethernet ports, and local operation using its
integrated control panel.
The local control panel is fastened to the controller
card by a hinged connector, and when installed is
located in the front center of the frame, positioned in
front of the power supplies. The panel consists of a
display unit capable of displaying two lines of text,
each 16 characters in length, and five pushbuttons.
The panel is assigned to operate any card in the
frame by pushing the SELECT button on the front
edge of that card.
CONTROLLER
ESC
+
-
SELECT
Figure 3.1 Densité Frame local control panel
•
Pushing the CONTROLLER button on the control panel selects the Controller card itself.
•
The STATUS LED on the selected card flashes yellow.
The local control panel displays a menu that can be navigated using the four pushbuttons located beneath
the display. The functionality of the pushbuttons is as follows:
[+] [–]
Used for menu navigation and value modification
[SELECT] Gives access to the next menu level. When a parameter value is shown, pushing this button
once enables modification of the value using the [+] and [–] buttons; a second push confirms the
new value
[ESC]
Cancels the effect of parameter value changes that have not been confirmed; pushing [ESC]
causes the parameter to revert to its former value.
Pushing [ESC] moves the user back up to the previous menu level. At the main menu, [ESC]
does not exit the menu system. To exit, re-push the [SELECT] button for the card being
controlled.
If no controls are operated for 30 seconds, the controller reverts to its normal standby status, and the
selected card’s STATUS LED reverts to its normal operating mode.
3.3.2
Menu for local control
The IRD-3802 has operating parameters which may be adjusted locally at the controller card interface.
•
Press the SELECT button on the IRD-3802 front card edge to assign the Densité frame’s local
control panel to the IRD-3802
•
Use the keys on the local control panel to step through the displayed menu to configure and adjust
the IRD-3802.
The complete menu structure is shown in the Annex to this document, beginning on page 45.
12 | IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3.4
Remote control using iControl
The operation of the IRD-3802 may be controlled using Miranda’s iControl system.
•
•
This manual describes the control panels associated with the IRD-3802 and their use.
Please consult the iControl User’s Guide for information about setting up and operating iControl.
In iControl Navigator or iControl Websites, double-click on the IRD-3802 icon to open the control panel.
3.4.1
The iControl graphic interface window
The basic window structure for the IRD-3802 is shown in figure 3.2. The window identification line gives the
card type (IRD-3802) and the slot number where the card installed in its Densité frame.
1
2
3
Figure 3.2 IRD-3802 iControl graphic interface window
There are three main sections in the window itself, identified in figure 3.2:
1. The Status Icon area shows a series of eight icons that report the status of some card parameters. The
table shows the various forms that may appear.
Icon #1 – Manual Card Configuration
Remote card control activated. The iControl interface can be used to operate the card
(green)
Local card control active, The card is being controlled using the Densité frame control
panel, as described in section 3.3. Any changes made using the iControl interface will have
no effect on the card.
(yellow)
IRD-3802 | 13
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Icon #2 – TS Input status
Transport Stream detected and OK.
(green)
No Transport Stream at stream demux
(red)
No rear
Icon #3 – Decoded Video status
Signal detected and valid
(green)
(red)
• The format (HD or SD) will be indicated beneath the icon
No signal
No rear
Reference mismatch
Format mismatch with output format (Key/Fill mode)
Video/TRS error
No transport stream
(gray)
Icon #4 – Video Sync Status
OK; Locked on incoming PCR
(green)
Yellow alarm condition detected on 1 or more channels
(yellow)
No signal
(gray)
Icon #5 – Primary Audio status
Reference OK. Mouse over to see the source of the reference, and its format, e.g.
External, NTSC
(green)
No audio in program
(yellow)
No signal
(gray)
14 | IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Icon #6 – Secondary Audio status
Operation mode: process – normal processing of the input signal
(green)
No audio in program
(yellow)
No signal
(gray
Icon #7 – Audio Sync
Locked with Video
(green)
Free run
(yellow)
Icon #8 – TS Limit
No errors
(green)
Errors detected
(red)
Icon #9 – Reference
Locked to external reference
(green)
• Mouse-over the icon to see a description of the reference in use
Reference missing
(red)
No frame sync option activated
(gray)
Move the mouse over an icon and a status message appears below the icon providing additional
information. If there is an error, the error status message appears in the message area without mouseover.
•
If there are multiple errors, the error messages cycle so all can be seen
•
The icon whose status or error message is shown is highlighted with a mauve background
IRD-3802 | 15
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
2. The left-hand side of the panel contains a series of buttons that control the contents of the main window
(section 3). Click on one to access the indicated controls. The selected button is highlighted (darker) and
the main panel heading matches the button name.
3. This section contains the main operating controls and displays for managing the IRD-3802’s feature set.
The contents are selected by clicking a button on the left-hand side of the screen.
The left side of the window, containing section 2, can be hidden or revealed by clicking the arrow icon at the
center of the left side border.
Each of the panels associated with the groups accessed from the buttons in Section 2, and shown in Section
3, is described individually in the following sections.
3.4.2
The Input panel
This panel provides resources for input
configuration and monitoring
Input section
Use the radio buttons to select the input. Available
options are:
• ASI1 – ASI input 1
• ASI2 – ASI input 2
• Ethernet – ethernet port (see note)
• AUTO – select the first valid input, prioritized
as listed here (i.e. ASI1, ASI2, ETH)
Note: The Ethernet port only appears in the panel
as an input option if the ETH Port Direction is
selected as Input using the pulldown in the Network
Settings panel (see Section 3.4.9).
Auto Switch Delay
Use the slider, or type a value directly into the data
box, to set the time the card will wait before
switching automatically to another valid input if the
current TS signal fails.
Figure 3.3 The Input panel
Output on Error
Use the radio buttons to set the behavior of this IRD-3802 in the event of an input signal error.
•
•
Black – switch the output to black
Freeze – freeze the output on the last valid frame
TS Input Type – this box reports the transport stream type.
TS Limit Errors – the box lists any limit errors detected in the transport stream
3.4.3
The Decoder panel
The decoder panel gives the user the resources to select the program that will be decoded by the IRD-3802
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Currently Selected Service
The Data windows and status icons in this area report on various aspects of the currently-selected service
Service
Use the MPEG Synchronization pulldown to select
the synchronization mode:
• OFF – no clock recovery from PCR packet;
local clock used
• Auto – try to recover the clock if possible (see
status icon)
If there are lots of errors in the stream, or the IRD3802 cannot lock easily on the signal, set to OFF to
avoid switching back and forth
Video
Information only – no controls available
Audio
Use the pulldowns to select the audio PIDs from the
available channels. NOTE that you can’t select the
same PID for both audios
Service Select
Use the Service Select pulldown to choose one of
the available services.
3.4.4
Figure 3.4 Decoder panel
The Video Output panel
Input and Output Screens
The two screens at the top of the panel indicate the
aspect ratio of the input and output video. The
pulldowns for Aspect and Format on the output
screen allow the output signal to be formatted
(Note: the Up/Down/Cross option must be enabled
before these controls become active).
AFD tab
Mode
Use the AFD Mode pulldown to select the operating
mode
• Auto
• Manual
Config
Use the Insertion pulldown to select whether AFD
information will be inserted in the output.
• OFF
• AFD
Figure 3.5 Video Output panel – AFD tab
IRD-3802 | 17
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Insertion Line: The Insertion line is used to select on which line in the VANC the AFD packet (SMPTE 2016)
will be inserted. It is not necessary to specify the detection line since the card will automatically detect the
incoming packet.
Default settings
The Default data box shows the default AFD code to be used if no valid
AFD code is detected at the input (AUTO), or the AFD that is always
used (MANUAL)
Change: Click the Change… button to open the Select AFD panel
showing the available AFD codes that could be used as the default.
Click on one to select it, then click Apply or OK at the bottom of the
panel.
Flags
This section gives information about AFD flag management.
Presence – the status icon is green if AFD flags are detected in the
input data stream
Detected – the data box shows the AFD code for the detected flags
Inserted – the data box shows the code of the AFD inserted in the
output data stream
Aspect Ratio Scaling Mode
Use the pulldown to select the aspect ratio scaling mode that will be
used. These options are available:
OFF
Auto
Stretch
Center Cut
Letter box
Pillar box
18 | IRD-3802
Figure 3.6 Select AFD window
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Metadata tab
The six pulldowns on this panel provide the
resources to configure metadata processing on this
IRD-3802.
Closed Caption –
• ON
• OFF
• CVBS output: CC always on, not affected by
this control
Time Code
Insertion
• ON
• OFF
VITC Insertion line – select the line to insert VITC
time code (for SD output only):
• 525 – between 10 and 20
• 625 – between 7 and 22
Duplicate – inserts a copy of the VITC time code 2
lines following the selected insertion line unless it
would be outside the allowable range. (for SD
output only)
• OFF
• ON
Figure 3.7 Video Output panel – metadata tab
Time Code Offset –
Useful to compensate for delays in downstream equipment. Simply adds or removes frames from the
original time code
• Range: -10 to +10
V-Chip Mode
Use the pulldown to select how V-Chip data will be processed in the IRD-3802:
•
Replace: Will use the PSIP information to replace any existing XDS data. Use this option if you know
you want to use the PSIP advisory.
•
Pass:
If XDS data is already present, it is left untouched. In this mode, no V-CHIP is generated if
no XDS data is present.
IRD-3802 | 19
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CVBS tab
This tab contains controls to configure the analog
video output signal.
Blanking Mode
Use the pulldown to select whether the blanking on
the output signal will be narrow or wide
Luma Range
Use the pulldown to choose whether to restrict the
Luma signal range to normal limits, or to allow
super whites and blacks (i.e. a much expanded
range).
• Normal
• Allow Super Whites and Blacks
NTSC Setup
Use the pulldown to select whether setup will be
added to the composite video output.
• OFF
• ON
Figure 3.8 Video Output panel – CVBS tab
3.4.5
The Audio Processing panel
This panel provides controls for selecting the audio
downmix mode of this IRD-3802, and for monitoring
some audio parameters
Config tab
Analog Audio Output
(Note: the Analog Output option must be activated
in order to use these controls)
Synchronization
Use the pulldown to select whether the analog
audio output will be synchronized with CBVS (which
is not frame synced) or SDI
Left Source, Right Source
Use the pulldowns to select the source of audio for
the two output channels. The available choices are
the same for both:
• Left
• Right
• Center
• LFE
• Left Surround
• Right Surround
• Auxiliary Audio Left
• Auxiliary Audio Right
20 | IRD-3802
Figure 3.9 Audio Processing panel – Config tab
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
AC3 Downmix mode – select the downmix mode
from these options:
Audio 1:
•
OFF
•
•
Lt/Rt – Dolby “unofficial” pro-logic compatible
Lo/Ro – normal stereo
Audio 2:
•
•
Lt/Rt – Dolby “unofficial” pro-logic compatible
Lo/Ro – normal stereo
Audio Insert
Use the pulldown to select whether audio
embedding is ON or OFF.
Status tab
This tab contains text boxes and status icons that
indicate the current status of the IRD-3802’s audio
processing.
Figure 3.10 Audio Processing panel – Status tab
Audio Type area – the status icons indicate the
presence and type of the Audio 1 and Audio 2 inputs
Status Area – for each audio input channel, the presence of LFE is indicated by a status icon, and the
Service name, Source Channel, Sample Rate and Bit Rate are shown in text boxes.
3.4.6
The Reference panel
NOTE: The OPT-FS option must be purchased in
order to enable this panel. Otherwise the reference
is always taken from the input signal.
The IRD-3802 output signals should always be
genlocked to some reference source. The genlock
source is selected in the Reference control panel.
Use the radio buttons in the Reference Source area
to select from the following options:
• Auto – this mode selects the first source
detected in this order of priority:
o External
o URS
o Selected Input signal
• External – selects the signal connected to the
rear-panel REF IN connector
• 525 from URS (Universal Reference Signal) –
selects the internal reference (525) from the
backplane
Figure 3.11 Reference Panel
IRD-3802 | 21
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
• 625 from URS (Universal Reference Signal) – selects the internal reference (625) from the backplane
• Input – uses the currently-selected input signal.
The Used Reference box shows the reference currently in use, which is helpful in Auto mode
Vertical (lines)
With this adjustment, a value ranging from 0 to +200 lines, compared to the reference or the processing
delay, may be set. This adjustment can be used in conjunction with the horizontal timing adjustment.
Horizontal (μsec)
With this adjustment, a value ranging from zero to the equivalent of 1 horizontal line in the current operating
format (e.g. ranging from 0 to 63.46 µs for 525-line operation; 0 to 64.00 µs for 625-line operation; etc)
compared to the reference or the frame boundary, may be set.
Additional Frame Delay
Use the pulldown to select an extra frame delay to be added to the output.
Choices: 0, 1, 2 or 3 frames
NOTE: if the output format is interlaced, only 1 frame can be added. In progressive 720p, up to 3 frames are
allowed.
3.4.7
The Probing panel
Structure tab
Shows the structure of the transport stream
Figure 3.13 Probing panel – Structure tab
22 | IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
TR 101 290 tab
This tab shows the results of the tests against the
TR 101 290 standard
Click in the checkbox at the bottom to enable or
disable display updating (about once per second)
Figure 3.14 TR 101 290 tab
Unref_PID tab
This tab provides a list of all unreferenced PIDs
found in the incoming service.
Figure 3.15 Probing panel – Unref_PID tab
IRD-3802 | 23
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Pie Chart tab
This tab displays the incoming service in the form of
a pie chart, with color-coded segments representing
the various elements in the service.
•
This representation illustrates the bandwidth
distribution within the service.
The table below the chart shows all of the elements,
identifying each by name, PID and bandwidth.
Click on a name in the table, and the corresponding
slice of the pie will slide out from the chart
Mouse-over a slice and the associated Program
Name will be shown on the chart, as shown in
Figure 3.16.
Figure 3.16 Probing panel – Pie Chart tab
PSIP tab
This tab is an information-only tab that documents
various aspects of the incoming service
(Valid only for ATSC)
Figure 3.17 Probing panel – PSIP tab
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3.4.8
The Test panel
Use the Color Bars checkbox to turn the Test
function ON or OFF
•
When checked, the output signal is replaced
by Color Bars.
•
When unchecked, the normal program signal
is present at the output.
Figure 3.12 The Test panel
3.4.9
The Network Settings panel
ETH Port Status
The status of the ethernet link is shown by the
icons:
• Link is down (red)
• Link is OK (green)
NOTE: This is the equivalent to the green LED on
the rear-panel ETH connector.
ETH Port Direction
Use the pulldown to select the Ethernet port
functionality. Options are:
•
•
•
OFF – not functional
INPUT – accepts incoming transport stream
OUTPUT – sends transport stream
Figure 3.18 Network Settings panel
IRD-3802 | 25
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
IP Config
DHCP checkbox
The "DHCP" parameter activates or deactivates dynamic network addressing. When activated, it allows a
server to dynamically attribute an IP address and configuration information to the IRD-3802. When the
checkbox is selected, the static network parameters become unavailable.
IP Address
Mask
Gateway
static network parameters
Enter the values directly in the data boxes.
•
The user MUST PRESS “Enter” on the computer keyboard to validate the values
Current IP Address / Current Mask / Current Gateway – these are the current values for this card.
Destination
Unicast Address
In unicast streaming, this is the address of the equipment to which the signal must be sent. This is only valid
when the Ethernet Port Direction is set to Output.
Port Number
This is the port on which the signal is present. This is valid for either transmitting or receiving. If this port does
not correspond to the source, no signal will be received.
Encapsulation
Select the IP protocol to use to stream packets.
• RTP
• UTP
Streaming Mode
Select Unicast or Multicast from the pulldown
Multicast Address
Enter the address to be used when Multicast is selected in the Streaming Mode pulldown
Note that the allowed IP first number range is 224 to 239
Forward Error Correction (FEC)
Forward Error Correction (FEC) is only available in RTP mode. This setting will allow inserting FEC codes
into the stream when the port is sending data. On reception, FEC is automatic.
Pro-MPEG FEC (D) pulldown: [OFF, 4, 5, 6,…., 19, 20]
Pro-MPEG FEC (L) pulldown: (only active when the one above is not OFF)
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3.4.10 The Factory/Presets panel
This panel provides resources for saving, restoring
and transferring the configuration settings of this
IRD-3802.
Load Factory
The IRD-3802 maintains a “Factory Default”
alignment in its memory, to which it can be restored
at any time.
•
Click the Load Factory button to restore the
card to its Factory default alignment.
User Presets
The User Preset controls allow the user to save and
recover all configuration settings on the card.
Select any one of the five presets using the
pulldown list. The name of the currently-selected
User Preset is shown on the on the pulldown icon
(e.g. User1, User2,… User5)
•
Click Load to load the contents of the
Figure 3.19 Factory / Presets Panel
selected User Preset into the IRD-3802. All
parameter settings and values will be replaced by the contents of the selected User Preset.
•
Click Save to store the current parameter settings and values from the IRD-3802 into the selected
User Preset. The existing contents of the preset will be overwritten.
Profiles
This section provides the option to save and recover the entire card configuration (including user presets if
desired) on an external disk, or to copy it to another IRD-3802 card.
Click on Profiles to open the Profile Copy window.
Figure 3.20 Profile Copy window
IRD-3802 | 27
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Copy Profile From:
This line shows this IRD-3802 card, and identifies it by App server,
Densité frame and slot number, card type and firmware version.
The Profile column has a pulldown that allows you to select which
profiles you will work with, and gives these choices:
• Current, User1, User2, User3, User4, User5, ALL
The Select column includes a checkbox, preselected as checked, to
confirm that you want to work with the current card.
Save Profile to Disk…
Click this button to open a Save dialog allowing
you to specify a file name and location to which
the selected profiles for this card will be saved.
Figure 3.21 Select profile to copy
Hint - It is a good idea to create a folder for these
files, because they are not explicitly identified as
IRD-3802 profiles, and will be difficult to find and
identify if not clearly named and conveniently
located.
•
Click the save button once the name and
location have been identified in the Save
box
•
If the file is saved correctly, the Transfer
Status box on the right of the Copy profile
from line will indicate Succeeded against a
green background
•
Figure 3.22 Save Profile to disk
If the file was not saved for some reason,
the Transfer Status box to the right of the Copy profile from line will indicate Failed against a red
background
Restore profile from disk…
Click this button to open an Open dialog box
within which you can locate and select a valid
IRD-3802 profile file.
•
Click Open to read the contents of the file
and to reconfigure this IRD-3802’s profiles
according to its contents
•
While the reconfiguration is in progress, the
Transfer Status box on the right of the
Copy profile from line will indicate Working
against a yellow background
•
When the reconfiguration is complete, the
Transfer Status box on the right of the
Copy profile from line will indicate
Succeeded against a green background
Fig 3.23 Restore profile from disk
Note: There is no need to select a profile using
the Profile pulldown (e.g. current, User1, etc.)
when restoring a profile from disk, because the profile selection is stored within the file.
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Copy profile to section
This line shows other IRD-3802 cards that are available on the iControl network, each identified by App
server, Densité frame and slot number, card type and firmware version.
The Profile column shows the same information as is shown for the current card in the Copy profile from line,
i.e.
• Current, User1, User2, User3, User4, User5
The Select column includes a checkbox to identify which IRD-3802 cards you wish to copy profiles into from
the current card.
• For convenience, a Select all checkbox is provided in the column header
Click Copy to copy the selected profiles from this card into the selected other IRD-3802 cards
•
While the profile copy operation is in progress, the Transfer Status box on the right of the Copy profile
to line will indicate Working against a yellow background
•
When the profile copy operation is complete, the Transfer Status box on the right of the Copy profile to
line will indicate Succeeded against a green background
3.4.11 The Options panel
This panel provides an entry point for activating the five options available for the IRD-3802. Each option is
accessed on a separate tab.
Frame Sync option
This option provides frame synchronization of the
decoded signal to the external signal connected to
the REF IN connector on the rear panel.
To activate this option, you must:
• Obtain a licence key from Miranda
Technologies Inc.
• Type the licence key in the box
• Click on ENABLE OPTION to enable the
option’s features.
Figure 3.24 Options panel – Frame Sync
IRD-3802 | 29
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Up/Down/Cross option
This option enables up-conversion (SD-to-HD),
down-conversion (HD-to-SD) and cross-conversion
(HD-to-HD) functionality on the IRD-3802.
To activate this option, you must:
• Obtain a licence key from Miranda
Technologies Inc.
• Type the licence key in the box
• Click on ENABLE OPTION to enable the
option’s features.
Figure 3.25 Options panel – Up/Down/Cross
Analog Output option
This option activates the analog composite video
and analog audio outputs of the IRD-3802.
To activate this option, you must:
• Obtain a licence key from Miranda
Technologies Inc.
• Type the licence key in the box
• Click on ENABLE OPTION to enable the
option’s features.
Figure 3.26 Options panel – Analog Output
30 | IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
TS Probing option
This option activates the Transport Stream probing
functions of the IRD-3802.
To activate this option, you must:
• Obtain a licence key from Miranda
Technologies Inc.
• Type the licence key in the box
• Click on ENABLE OPTION to enable the
option’s features.
Figure 3.27 Options panel – TS Probing
Dolby 5.1 option
This option enables the Dolby 5.1 output on 6
discrete channels
Note – Dolby 5.1 decoding is always enabled
To activate this option, you must:
• Obtain a licence key from Miranda
Technologies Inc.
• Type the licence key in the box
• Click on ENABLE OPTION to enable the
option’s features.
Figure 3.28 Options panel – Dolby 5.1
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3.4.12 The Alarm Config panel
This panel allows the alarm reporting of
the IRD-3802 to be configured. The panel
opens in a new window when the button
is clicked, and can be resized if needed.
The panel is organized in columns.
Status/Name
This contains an expandable tree listing
all the alarms reported by this IRD-3802
card.
• Each alarm name includes an icon
that shows its current status
• Some alarms may be text-only and
the alarm status is shown in the
name and not by a status icon,
e.g.
Figure 3.29 Alarm Configuration Panel
The Card LED, Overall alarm and GSM contribution columns contain pulldown lists that allow the level of
contribution of each individual alarm to the alarm named in the column heading to be set.
If there is no arrowhead in the box, there is no pulldown and the alarm is not user-configurable
Levels associated with these alarms:
The pulldown lists may contain some or all of the following options:
The alarm makes no contribution (black icon)
The alarm is of minor importance (yellow icon)
The alarm is of major importance (orange icon)
The alarm is of critical importance (red icon)
The alarm exists but has no effect (used for text and composite alarms)
Shortcut: if you click in one of the columns beside a major heading in the Status/Name column (where
there is no pulldown shown), you will open an “invisible” pulldown that lets you assign a level to all alarms
in that section of the column simultaneously.
• Card LED
This column allows configuration of the contribution of each individual alarm to the state of the Status LED
located on the front panel this card.
• Overall Alarm
This column allows configuration of the contribution of each individual alarm to the Overall Alarm
associated with this card. The Overall Alarm is shown in the upper left corner of the iControl panel, and
also appears at the bottom of the Status/Name column.
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
• GSM Contribution
This column allows configuration of the contribution of each individual alarm to the GSM Alarm Status
associated with this card. GSM is a dynamic register of all iControl system alarms, and is also an alarm
provider for external applications. The possible values for this contribution are related to the Overall alarm
contribution:
• If the Overall alarm contribution is selected as Disabled, the GSM alarm contribution can be set to any
available value
• If the Overall alarm contribution is selected as any level other than disabled, the GSM contribution is
forced to follow the Overall Alarm.
Log Events
iControl maintains a log of alarm events associated with the card. The log is useful for troubleshooting and
identifying event sequences. Click in the checkbox to enable logging of alarm events for each individual
alarm.
At the bottom of the window are several other controls
Copy to other cards
Click this button to open a panel that allows the
alarm configuration set for this card to be copied
into another IRD-3802 card.
•
Select one or more destination cards from the
list in the window by clicking in the
checkboxes, or all of them by clicking in the
All checkbox
•
Note that when you do a Copy Profile for this
card (see Sect.3.4.10), the alarm
configuration is copied along with all the other
settings.
Figure 3.30 Copy to other cards
Get alarm keys
Click this button to open a save dialog where you
can save a file containing a list of all alarms on
this card and their current values, along with an
Alarm Key for each. The alarm keys are useful
for system integration and troubleshooting.
•
The file is saved in Excel.csv format
Figure 3.31 Get alarm keys save dialogue
OK, Apply, Cancel
•
OK accepts the settings and closes the window once the card confirms that there are no errors.
•
Apply accepts the settings, but leaves the window open
•
Cancel closes the window without applying any changes, and leaves the previous settings intact.
IRD-3802 | 33
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
3.4.13 The Info panel
Info tab
When the IRD-3802 is included in an iControl
environment, certain information about the card
should be available to the iControl system. The user
can enter labels and comments that will make this
card easy to identify in a complex setup. This
information is entered via the Info control panel.
This panel also shows other information about the
card.
Label:
type the label that appear for this
IRD-3802 when it appears in iControl
applications
Short Label
type the short-form label that iControl
uses in some cases (8 characters)
type a descriptive name for this IRD3802
Source ID
Comments:
type any desired text
Figure 3.32 Info Panel
The remaining data boxes show manufacturing information about this card.
• Details…: Reports the Firmware version, service
version, and panel version for this card
Figure 3.33 Details window
• Advanced…: Shows the Miranda LongID for this card.
The Miranda LongID is the address of this IRD-3802 in
the iControl network.
Figure 3.34 Advanced window
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
• Remote System Administration – opens the Joining Locators
data box, which lists remote lookup services to which this IRD3802 is registered.
Add: Force the iControl service for this IRD-3802 to register
itself on a user-specified Jini lookup service, using the following
syntax in the data box:
jini://<ip_address>
where <ïp_address> is the ip address of the server running
the lookup service, e.g.:
Figure 3.35 Joining Locators
Remove: select one of the services listed in the window by clicking on it, and click Remove to open a
query box allowing you to delete it from the window.
Message Console tab
The Message Console provides a log of various
status messages generated on-board the card.
•
Newest messages appear at the bottom of
the list
•
Use the scroll bar to view the entire list
Click the Clear Messages button to empty the
message window.
This panel is primarily provided for diagnosis
purposes. Hardware and transport stream error
messages are sent to this panel, along with card
activity status reports.
Figure 3.36 Message Console
IRD-3802 | 35
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
4 User Reference Guide
4.1
Decoding MPEG Transport Streams
The user can input DVB-ASI signals up to 80Mbps on either ASI input connector. Alternatively, the Ethernet
can be configured to receive an IP stream (see section 3.4.9).
To select an input, go to the Input Menu into Input Selection.
Once a valid transport stream signal enters the decoder, the first valid service found is decoded automatically
if no selection was previously made. If the previously-selected service does not exist in the stream, the IRD
picks the first found in the PAT. The secondary audio will be set to NONE by default while the first-found
audio stream will be selected.
In order for a service to be decoded, the following conditions must be met:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
The transport stream must be ISO 13818-1 compatible
The video stream must be either MPEG4 or MPEG2 in the 4:2:0 color profile
The audio stream can be MPEG1 layer 2, MPEG2, or AC3
The video bit rate is not more than 26Mbps
The transport stream bit rate is below 80Mbps
To select a service within the transport stream, go to the Input Menu into Service Select. For
iControl, please refer to section 3.4.3. The name of the service will be displayed when available (the
name is as per ATSC VCT and is unavailable for non-ATSC streams). When the service name is not
available, the card displays the service number as per PAT.
Audio-only services can be decoded; the output display will be blacked.
4:2:2 video will not generate any errors but the display will be fuzzy
The IRD has a maximum parsing capability of 64 services per transport stream. An error is
generated if the stream has more services, and only the first 64 entries of the PAT will be
selectable.
Whenever the input signal contains erratic data, the audio decoders are stopped until the
situation is resolved. This prevents invalid data from entering the decoder and corrupting the
audio. The audio is then muted for a period of about 6 seconds.
Whenever the stream cannot be decoded, the outputs are set to freeze or black according
on user selection.
Any change in PAT or PMT will trigger the service selection system. This makes it possible
to use in an ASI hot-switch context.
4.2
Decoding Audio
The IRD-3801 can only decode 1 audio stream while the IRD-3802 can decode 2 simultaneously.
If no audio PID was previously selected or if the selected PID does not exist, the IRD automatically selects
the first found audio in the corresponding PMT.
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The following audio coding formats are currently supported:
•
•
•
AC3 audio up to 5.1 channels
MPEG1 Layer II
MPEG2 Audio
The first audio can be embedded as 5.1 discrete channels (the Dolby option is required to get discreet
channels; otherwise you get 2 down-mixed channels) while the second audio is always output as 2 channels.
Down mix mode can be selected between Lt/Rt or Lo/Ro modes independently for both audios.
Audio only services can be decoded
Audio PIDs not belonging to the current service cannot be selected
Only supported audio streams will be available to the user for selection
Whenever the input signal contains erratic data, the audio decoders are stopped until the
situation is resolved. This prevents invalid data from entering the decoder and corrupting the
audio. The audio is then muted for a period of about 6 seconds.
The Dolby option must be activated to get 6 discrete AC3 channels on the SDI
The same audio PID cannot be selected for both audio decoders
4.3
MPEG AV Synchronization
MPEG transport streams normally contain information about the encoder clock system in order to genlock
the decoder to the incoming signal and avoid buffer underrun or overflows. Moreover, the audio and video
streams contain time stamps (PTS) in order to re-synchronize the stream at the output.
Should synchronization be a problem (PCR jitter, bad PTS), the MPEG clock recover system can be
manually forced to OFF. In such case, the system decoder clock is free run and frames are repeated or
dropped to cope with buffer overflows or underflows.
Setting the clock recovery in the OFF mode is particularly useful when using the Ethernet input fed by an
injection system with no flow control.
To change the clock recovery mode, go to the card menu into Input Menu, MPEG Synchro.
Refer to section 3.4.3 for iControl.
4.4
About V-CHIP & Rating Information
The IRD can translate ATSC PSIP Advisories from the EPG to standard V-CHIP inserted in the XDS of
compliant IEA-608 closed captioning data.
Because the video stream may already contain XDS advisory data, the IRD provides two modes of
operation:
Replace:
Will use the PSIP information to replace any existing XDS data. Use this option if
you know you want to use the PSIP advisory.
Pass:
If XDS data is already present, it is left untouched. In this mode, no V-CHIP is
generated if no XDS data is present.
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GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Note that the PSIP RTT tables are not extracted. The rating information comes from the
standard MPAA and other North American rating systems.
Closed captioning data must be present in the MPEG video stream or XDS data will not be
inserted at the output
4.5
Using the Up/Down/Cross Option
The Up/Down/Cross Option allows the user to re-scale the input signal to any supported output resolution.
Possible conversions are:
Down scaling from 1080i to 720p (same frame rate)
Up scaling from 720p to 1080i (same frame rate)
Down scaling to 525 or 625 depending on frame rate
Up scaling from 525 or 625 to 720 or 1080i keeping same frame rate
In addition to resolution conversion, the option allows aspect ratio conversion to occur. The user can either
manually select the desired conversion method or use the AFD from the source to automatically resize the
picture. In manual mode, the following scaling options are available:
•
NONE:
No aspect ratio conversion done. Any 16:9 pictures will appear as anamorphic
16:9 if down converted to SD.
•
AUTO:
The scaling method is selected automatically. In this mode, the AFD flag is
used along with the aspect ratio of the output to select the best method. If no
AFD is present, the default AFD flag is used.
•
STRETCH:
Use this mode to stretch the picture vertically. This mode is useful when the
input picture has the wrong aspect ratio.
•
CENTER CUT:
When converting from 16:9 to 4:3, use this to crop both sides of the picture and
fill the entire screen while keeping the aspect ratio.
•
LETTER BOX:
Adds black curtains to the 16:9 picture for 4:3 monitors
•
PILLAR BOX:
Adds black bars to the 16:9 picture to properly display 4:3 images on 16:9
monitors.
Some modes may not apply depending on the input signal and desired output format.
If the selected mode is not possible the result will be the same as if NONE was selected.
The AUTO mode will use the input AFD to automatically choose the best rescaling method. The decisions
follow the CEA-CEB16 recommendation for receivers/decoders.
4.6
About AFD processing
According to ATSC A/53 part 4, AFD and BAR data can be carried in MPEG signals. The AFD information
and BAR data are extracted from the MPEG signal if present.
The user can configure the IRD to trigger on the AFD flags to automatically rescale the picture so that it is
optimally displayed. Alternatively, the user can set the scaling mode to OFF and simply carry the AFD flags
to the outputs for further processing. A card like the XVP-38xx from Miranda could then use the flag to
rescale the picture properly.
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In any case, the embedded AFD flag at the output follows any transformation that might have occurred.
Therefore should the picture be rescaled, the embedded AFD reflects the actual status of the picture at the
output. For example, an MPEG signal in full 16:9 (AFD code 8) down converted to SD 4:3 in letterbox will
have the AFD flag 10 inserted to signal letterbox.
Some restrictions apply to firmware revisions less than 211. The BAR data are not used and
AFD flags 4:3_4, 4:3_13, 4:3_14, 4:3_15 and the same in 16:9 are not supported. They
currently map to the default mode 8.
Alternatively to AFD, the user can select VLI or WSS (PAL only).
The charts below show the conversions that will be performed by the IRD-3802 when the Active Format
Descriptor (AFD) processing is activated. by selecting AUTO using the Aspect Ratio Scaling Mode pulldown
on the AFD tab of the Video Output panel.
In the images shown in the chart:
BLACK
Indicates that this portion of the transmitted image will be black
GREY
indicates Protected Area, consisting of picture content which may be cropped for optimum
display on screens with a different aspect ratio.
Input signal
4:3
Output signal
16:9
16:9 Letterbox (top) image in a 4:3
frame
16:9 Letterbox (top) image in a 4:3
frame
16:9 Full frame image in a 16:9 frame
(4:3_2)
14:9 Letterbox (top) image in a 4:3
frame
(4:3_2)
14:9 Letterbox (top) image in a 4:3
frame
(16:9_8)
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(4:3_3)
> 16:9 Letterbox (center) image in a
4:3 frame
(4:3_3)
> 16:9 Letterbox (center) image in a
4:3 frame
(16:9_11)
> 16:9 Letterbox (center) image in a
16:9 frame
(4:3_4)
(4:3_4)
(16:9_4)
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Input signal
4:3
Output signal
16:9
4:3 Full frame image in a 4:3 frame
4:3 Full frame image in a 4:3 frame
4:3 Pillar-box image in 16:9 frame
(4:3_8)
4:3 Full frame image in a 4:3 frame
(use preferred 4:3_8 code instead)
(4:3_8)
4:3 Full frame image in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_9)
4:3 Pillar-box image in 16:9 frame
(4:3_9)
(16:9_9)
(4:3_9)
16:9 Letterbox image in 4:3 frame
16:9 Letterbox image in 4:3 frame
16:9 Full frame image in a 16:9 frame
(4:3_10)
14:9 Letterbox image in a 4:3 frame
(4:3_10)
14:9 Letterbox image in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_8)
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(4:3_11)
4:3 Image shoot and protect 14:9 in a
4:3 frame
(4:3_11)
4:3 Image shoot and protect 14:9 in a
4:3 frame
(16:9_11)
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(4:3_13)
16:9 Letterbox image shoot and
protect 14:9 in a 4:3 frame
(4:3_13)
16:9 Letterbox image shoot and
protect 14:9 in a 4:3 frame
( 16:9_11)
16:9 Image shoot and protect 14:9 in a
16:9 frame
(4:3_14)
16:9 Letterbox image shoot and
protect 16:9 in a 4:3 frame
(4:3_14)
16:9 Letterbox image shoot and
protect 16:9 in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_14)
16:9 Image shoot and protect 14:9 in a
16:9 frame
(4:3_15)
40 | IRD-3802
(4:3_15)
(16:9_15)
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Input signal
4:3
Output signal
16:9
16:9 Full frame image in a 16:9 frame
(use preferred 16:9_8 flag instead)
16:9 Letterbox image in 4:3 frame
16:9 Full frame image in a 16:9 frame
(16:9_2)
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(use preferred 16:9_11 flag instead)
(4:3_10)
14:9 Letterbox image in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_2)
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(16:9_3)
> 16:9 Letterbox (center) image in a
16:9 frame
(4:3_11)
16:9 Letterbox image in 4:3 frame
(16:9_3)
16:9 Protected Full frame image in a
16:9 frame
(16:9_4)
16:9 Full frame image in a 16:9 frame
(4:3_4)
16:9 Letterbox image in 4:3 frame
(16:9_4
16:9 Full frame image in a 16:9 frame
(16:9_8)
4:3 Pillar-box image in 16:9 frame
(4:3_10) as shown here,
or (4:3_8) as in box below
4:3 Full frame image in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_8)
4:3 Pillar-box image in 16:9 frame
(16:9_9)
16:9 Protected Full frame image in a
16:9 frame
(4:3_8)
16:9 Letterbox image in 4:3 frame
(16:9_9)
16:9 Protected Full frame image in a
16:9 frame
(16:9_10)
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(4:3_10)
14:9 Letterbox image in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_10)
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(16:9_11)
(4:3_11)
(16:9_11)
IRD-3802 | 41
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Input signal
4:3
Output signal
16:9
4:3 Pillar-box image Shoot and protect
14:9 in a 16:9 frame
4:3 Image shoot and protect 14:9 in a
4:3 frame
14:9 Pillar-box image in a 16:9 frame
(16:9_13)
16:9 Image shoot and protect 14:9 in a
16:9 frame
(4:3_13)
14:9 Letterbox image in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_11)
16:9 Image shoot and protect 14:9 in a
16:9 frame
(16:9_14)
16:9 Image shoot and protect 4:3 in a
16:9 frame
(4:3_11)
4:3 Full frame image in a 4:3 frame
(16:9_14)
16:9 Image shoot and protect 4:3 in a
16:9 frame
(16:9_15)
4.7
(4:3_8)
(16:9_15)
Using the TS Probing Option
Transport Stream (TS) probing is an option that can be purchased. The probing follows the TR 101 290
specifications with some exceptions. Note that iControl is necessary in order to visualize the errors. No
probing report is available on the card’s menu.
There are no special settings other than activating the display of errors on iControl. The probing is performed
on the selected input only and PCR measurements are restricted to the selected program only.
Whenever the incoming TS bitrate fluctuates, PCR accuracy errors might be generated.
This is because the PCR accuracy measurement requires a constant bitrate to be valid.
This does not mean, however, that the stream is non-decodable.
The probing is performed only on the first 128 PIDs
PCR measurements are only done on selected program
Only ATSC EIT-0 to 3 are probed
The Unreferenced PID list is updated every 10s. Therefore, a PID that is no longer present in
the stream will disappear from the list after 10s.
PSIP probing is done on ATSC signals only
42 | IRD-3802
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
5 Specifications
ASI INPUTS
QUANTITY/CONNECTOR:
STANDARDS:
DATA BITRATE:
MODE:
TS PACKET LENGTH:
RETURN LOSS:
Two inputs with BNC connectors
EN50083-9 (V2:3/98) DVB ASI
DVB ASI: Up to 80 Mbps
Burst and byte supported
188/204 byte packets
> 15 dB up to 270 MHz
ASI OUTPUT
QUANTITY/CONNECTOR:
One output with BNC connector
IP INPUT/OUTPUT
QUANTITY/CONNECTOR:
STANDARDS:
STREAM PROTOCOLS:
One Gigabit Ethernet with RJ45 connector IEEE 802.3
Pro-MPEG Code of Practice 3 (CoP3)
IP/UDP and RTP
VIDEO DECODER
COMPATIBILITY STANDARD:
BIT RATE:
H264/AVC MPEG-2 Compatible MP@HL
4:2:0, resolution up to 1080i, 59.94 Hz
ATSC A/53
Up to 25 Mbps
AUDIO DECODER
STANDARD:
SERVICE/CHANNELS:
MPEG-1 Layer-II
Dolby Digital (AC-3) Audio 2.0
Optional Dolby Digital (AC-3)
Audio 5.1
AAC audio (2 CH only)
As per ATSC A/54A
VIDEO OUTPUTS
HD/SD SDI OUTPUTS:
SIGNAL:
SUPPORTED FORMATS:
EMBEDDED AUDIO:
RETURN LOSS:
JITTER:
Two outputs with BNC connectors
SMPTE-259-C (270 Mbps)
SMPTE 292M (1.485, 1.485/1.001 Gbps)
SD: 480i59.94, 576i50
HD: SMPTE 274M: 1080i59.94, 1080i50
HD: SMPTE 296M: 720p59.94, 720p50
SMPTE-299M
SMPTE-272M
>15 dB up to 1.5 GHz
< 0.2 UI as per SMPTE-259M for SD output
< 0.2 UI as per SMPTE-292M for HD output
IRD-3802 | 43
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
MONITORING OUTPUTS
ANALOG VIDEO:
ANALOG AUDIO:
NTSC 525/60, PAL (625/50)
With one BNC connector
Balanced analog audio
with two RCA connectors
VIDEO AND TS METADATA
CC DATA EXTRACTION:
CC EMBEDDING:
TIME CODE:
PSIP:
NTSC CC1 and CC2 as per EIA-608B
DTV CC: EIA-608B compliant bytes of EIA-708B
CC Embedding as per SMPTE-334M
SMPTE 12M
ATSC PSIP Standard A/65
REFERENCE INPUT
REFERENCE INPUT:
SIGNAL:
RETURN LOSS:
One input with BNC connector
SMPTE 170M/SMPTE 318M/ITU 624-4/BUT 470-6 Black burst
SMPTE 274M/SMPTE 296M Tri-level sync (black)
>35 dB up to 5.75 MHz
ELECTRICAL
POWER:
44 | IRD-3802
20 W maximum
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
ANNEX – Local Control Panel User Interface
IRD-3802
LEV 1
STATUS
LEV 2
CARD STATUS
LEV 3
DEVICE STATUS
LEV 4
Settings
NO REAR, WRONG REAR, SYS OK
SELECTED INPUT
DVB-ASI1, DVB-ASI2*, ETHERNET*, TUNER*
TS TYPE
NO SIGNAL, SIGNAL ERR, ATSC, DVB,
ISO13818-1
OUTPUT FORMAT
<format> (<aspect ratio>)
REF MISMATCH
REFERENCE STATUS*
INTERNAL, EXTERNAL, URS
1080i50,720p50,720p59.94,525,625,1080i59.94
SELECTED SERVICE
NUM xxxx(xxxxH)
Name Unknown, <SERVICE Name>
Video PID xxxxH
Video MPEG2/H.264
Aud1 PID xxxxH
Aud2 PID xxxxH
SERVICE FORMAT
Encrypted, <video format> (<aspect ratio>)
SERVICE SYNCHRO
Locked on PCR, OUT OF SYNC, AUDIO NOT
SYNC,No lock on PCR
CLOSED CAPTION
DTVCC, DTVCC & NTSC, NOT PRESENT
MAIN AUDIO
NOT PRESENT, (UNSUPP.) <type> (xxCH)
SECONDARY AUDIO
NOT PRESENT, (UNSUPP.) <type> (xxCH)
CARD IP ADDR
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
PSIP STATUS
CHANNEL NAME
CHANNEL NUMBER
ATSC PSIP STATUS
MODULATION MODE
SERVICE TYPE
PSIP TSID
ATSC DATE
ATSC TIME
LOAD
USER 1 ,USER 2, USER 3, USER 4, USER 5
USER PRESET
INPUT MENU
ETHERNET MENU
SAVE
USER 1 ,USER 2, USER 3, USER 4, USER 5
INPUT SELECTION
ASI/SSI1, ASI/SSI2, ETHERNET, AUTO
SELECT
AUTO SWITCH DEL.
0, 1, 2,3,4,5, … 30
SERVICE SELECT
<service name> (PGM xxxxx)
MPEG SYNCHRO
OFF, AUTO
NETWORK CONFIG
DHCP
OFF,ON
DEFAULT IP ADDR
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
IRD-3802 | 45
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
VIDEO MENU
AUDIO MENU
DEFAULT MASK
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
DEFAULT GATEWAY
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
PORT DIRECTION
DISABLED, INPUT*, OUTPUT
UNICAST DEST.
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
MULTICAST ADDR
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
PORT NUMBER
xxxx
ENCAPSULATION
RTP, UDP
STREAM MODE
UNICAST,MULTICAST
FEC
OFF, D=x L=x
OUTPUT ON ERROR
Freeze, Black
OUTPUT FORMAT
As Input. 1080i, 720p, SD
AFD MODE
AUTO, FORCED
DEFAULT AFD
CODE
numbers from 8 to 15
ASP. RATIO MODE
AUTO, STRETCH, CENTER CUT, LETTERBOX,
PILLAR BOX
DISP. ASP. RATIO
4:3, 16:9
PRIMARY AUDIO
SECONDARY AUDIO
SOURCE PID
List of avail PID in hexadecimal & decimal
DOWNMIX MODE
OFF*, LTRT, LORO
SOURCE PID
List of avail PID in hexadecimal & decimal
DOWNMIX MODE
LTRT, LORO
EMBEDDING
ANALOG AUDIO
SRC
OFF, ON
LEFT,RIGHT,CENTER,SUB,Sr,Sl,Aux Left, Aux
Right
LEFT,RIGHT,CENTER,SUB,Sr,Sl,Aux Left, Aux
Right
LEFT CHANNEL
RIGHT CHANNEL
OUTPUT MENU
HD/SD SDI OUTPUT
CLOSED CAP EMBED
TIMECODE
OFF, ON
INSERTION
OFF, ON
DVITC LINE
10,11, …, 14, ….,, 20
6,7, 8 …, 14, ….,, 21
CVBS OUTPUT
REFERENCE
MENU*
46 | IRD-3802
OFF, ON
OFFSET
-10, 10 frames
VCHIP MODE
PASS, REPLACE
AFD/VLI/WSS INS.
AFD, VLI/WSS
AFD LINE
9, …., 20
NTSC SETUP
OFF, ON
CVBS BLANKING
NARROW,WIDE
CVBS LUMA RANGE
NORMAL, SUPER B&W
MSG OUTPUT SRC
SDI, CVBS
SOURCE
INTERNAL,EXTERNAL,URS-525,URS625,AUTO_SEL
DELAY
TEST
DVITC DUPLICATE
FRAME
0, 1, 2, 3
VERTICAL
0, …200
HORIZONTAL
specified in ns or us up to one complete line
OFF,ON
GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
ALARM MENU
NO TS INPUT
NO VIDEO SIGNAL
NO AUDIO SIGNAL
NO REFERENCE
REF MISMATCH
PROGRAM
SYNCHRO
TS LIMITS
VERSION
ALARM LEVEL
OFF, YELLOW, RED, FLASH RED
ALARM REPORT
NONE, GPI
ALARM LEVEL
OFF, YELLOW, RED, FLASH RED
ALARM REPORT
NONE, GPI
ALARM LEVEL
OFF, YELLOW, RED, FLASH RED
ALARM REPORT
NONE, GPI
ALARM LEVEL
OFF, YELLOW, RED, FLASH RED
ALARM REPORT
NONE, GPI
ALARM LEVEL
OFF, YELLOW, RED, FLASH RED
ALARM REPORT
NONE, GPI
ALARM LEVEL
OFF, YELLOW, RED, FLASH RED
ALARM REPORT
NONE, GPI
ALARM LEVEL
OFF, YELLOW, RED, FLASH RED
ALARM REPORT
NONE, GPI
First number is firmware, second is PCB. B =
BETA
IRD-38x1: xxxB;xxx
SERIAL NUMBER
OPTIONS
FACTORY
DEFAULT
Gives the serial number of the card
FRAME SYNC KEY
xxxxx…..xxxxxxx
UDC KEY
xxxxx…..xxxxxxx
ANALOG KEY
xxxxx…..xxxxxxx
TS PROBE KEY
xxxxx…..xxxxxxx
DOLBY-E KEY
xxxxx…..xxxxxxx
RESTORE
IRD-3802 | 47
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