Bard | GSVS361-A | Specifications | Bard GSVS361-A Specifications

INSTALLATION
INSTRUCTIONS
WATER SOURCE
HEAT PUMPS
MODELS:
GSVS241-A, GSVS301A
GSVS361-A, GSVS421-A
Earth Loop Fluid
Temperatures 25° - 110°
Ground Water Temperatures 45° - 75°
BARD MANUFACTURING COMPANY
Bryan, Ohio 43506
Since 1914...Moving ahead, just as planned.
Manual:
Supersedes:
File:
Date:
2100-317B
2100-317A
Volume I, Tab 8
02-10-2000
Contents
Getting Other Informations and Publications .... 1 Open Loop (Well System Applications)
Note
.............................................................. 20
Water Connection ................................................. 20
General Information
Well Pump Sizing ................................................. 20
Water Source Nomenclature .................................. 2
Start Up Prodecure for Open Loop System ......... 22
Heater Package Nomenclature .............................. 5
Water Corrosion .................................................... 22
Remedies of Water Problems .............................. 23
Application and Location
Lake and/or Pond Installations ............................. 24
General ................................................................ 6
Shipping Damage .................................................... 6
Application .............................................................. 6 Sequence of Operation
Cooling .............................................................. 25
Location ................................................................ 6
Heating Without Electric Heat .............................. 25
Ductwork ................................................................ 6
Heating With Electric Heat ................................... 25
Filters
................................................................ 8
Emergency Heat ................................................... 25
Condensate Drain ................................................... 8
Lockout Circuits .................................................... 25
Piping Access to Unit ............................................. 8
Pressure Service Ports ......................................... 25
System Start Up ................................................... 25
Wiring Instructions
Pressure Tables .................................................... 28
General ................................................................ 9
Quick Reference Troubleshooting Chart ............... 29
Control Circuit Wiring .............................................. 9
Wall Thermostats .................................................... 9
Thermostat Indicator Lamps ................................. 10 Service
Service Hints ......................................................... 30
Emergency Heat Position ..................................... 10
Unbrazing System Components .......................... 30
Blower Control Setup ............................................ 10
Troubleshooting ECM Blower Motors .............. 31-32
Humidity Control ................................................... 10
CFM Light .............................................................. 10
Wiring Diagrams .............................................. 12-16 Accessories
Add-On DPM26A Pump Module Kit ..................... 33
General .............................................................. 33
Closed Loop (Earth Coupled Groung Loop
Installation ............................................................. 33
Applications)
Note
.............................................................. 17
Circulation System Design ................................... 17 Ground Source Heat Pump
Start Up Procedure for Closed Loop System ....... 18 Performance Report ........................................ 34-35
Wiring Diagram ..................................................... 36
Figures
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Tables
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Figure 9
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Unit Dimensions ..................................... 4
Field-Conversion to Left Hand Return .... 7
Filter Components .................................. 8
Piping Access ........................................ 8
Blower Control Board ............................ 11
Circulation System Design .................. 17
.............................................................. 18
Performance Model GPM-1 Loop
Pump Module ....................................... 19
Performance Model GPM-2 Loop
Pump Module ....................................... 19
Water Connection Components ........... 21
Cleaning Water Coil ............................. 22
Lake or Pond Installation ..................... 24
.............................................................. 26
Control Board ........................................ 26
.............................................................. 27
Pressure Tables .................................... 28
DPM26A Pump and GSVS Unit .......... 33
Table 1
Table 2
Table 2A
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Specifications ......................................... 2
Indoor Blower Performance .................... 3
Flow Rates for Various Fluids ................ 3
Water Coil Pressure Drop ...................... 3
Electrical Specifications Optional Field
Installed Heater Package ........................ 5
Control Circuit Wiring .............................. 9
Wall Thermostat and Subbase
Combinations .......................................... 9
Proper Location of Taps ........................ 10
Constant Flow Valves ........................... 20
Getting Other Information and Publications
These publications can help you install the air
conditioner or heat pump. You can usually find these at
your local library or purchase them directly from the
publisher. Be sure to consult current edition of each
standard.
For more information, contact these
publishers:
ACCA
Air Conditioning Contractors of America
1712 New Hampshire Avenue
Washington, DC 20009
Telephone: (202) 483-9370
Fax: (202) 234-4721
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
11 West Street, 13th Floor
New York, NY 10036
Telephone: (212) 642-4900
Fax: (212) 302-1286
National Electrical Code ........................ ANSI/NFPA 70
Standard for the Installation ................ ANSI/NFPA 90A
of Air Conditioning and
Ventilating Systems
Standard for Warm Air ........................ ANSI/NFPA 90B
Heating and Air
Conditioning Systems
Load Calculation for Residential ......... ACCA Manual J
Winter and Summer
Air Conditioning
Duct Design for Residential ................ ACCA Manual D
Winter and Summer Air Conditioning
and Equipment Selection
Closed-Loop/Ground Source Heat Pump .......... IGSHPA
Systems Installation Guide
ASHRAE American Society of Heating Refrigerating,
and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
1791 Tullie Circle, N.E.
Atlanta, GA 30329-2305
Telephone: (404) 636-8400
Fax: (404) 321-5478
NFPA
National Fire Protection Association
Batterymarch Park
P.O. Box 9101
Quincy, MA 02269-9901
Telephone: (800) 344-3555
Fax: (617) 984-7057
IGSHPA
International Ground Source
Heat Pump Association
490 Cordell South
Stillwater, OK 74078-8018
Grouting Procedures for Ground-Source ........... IGSHPA
Heat Pump Systems
Soil and Rock Classification for the Design ......IGSHPA
of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump Systems
Ground Source Installation Standards ............... IGSHPA
Closed-Loop Geothermal Systems – Slinky ......IGSHPA
Installation Guide
Manual 2100-317
Page 1
WATER SOURCE PRODUCT LINE NOMENCLATURE
GS
V
S
36
1
-
A
Electrical Characteristics
A = 230/208-60-1
Modification Code
Approximate Capacity Size On High Speed
S =
V =
Single Capacity Compressor
Vertical
Ground Source Heat Pump
TABLE 1
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
GSVS241-A
GSVS301-A
GSVS361-A
GSVS421-A
230/208-1
230/208-1
230/208-1
230/208-1
Operating Voltage Range
253-197
253-197
253-197
253-197
Minimum Circuit Ampacity
13.0
16.0
20.0
24.0
#14
#14
#12
#10
20
25
30
35
8.2 / 9.4
11.0 / 12.0
13.9 / 14.5
17.7 / 19.1
Volts
230/208
230/208
230/208
230/208
Rated Load Amps 230/208
6.6 / 7.8
8.7 / 9.7
11.0 / 11.6
14.2/15.6
8.4
10.3
13.5
16.0
17 / 47
56 / 56
72.5 / 72.5
88 / 88
Electrical Rating (60Z/VPH)
+ Field Wire Size
++ Delay Fuse Max or Circuit Breaker
Total Unit Amps 230/208
COMPRESSOR
Branch Circuit Selection Current
Lock Rotor Amps 230/208
BLOWER MOT OR and EVAPORAT OR
Blower Motor
HP / Spd.
Blower Motor
Amps / CFM
Face Area Sq. Ft./Rows/Fins Per Inch
+ 75°C copper wire
Manual 2100-317
Page 2
1/2 / Variable
1.6 / 800
2.3 / 1000
2.9 / 1200
3.5 / 1250
3.16 / 3 / 15
3.16 / 3 / 15
3.16 / 4 / 11
3.16 / 4 / 11
++ HACR type circuit breaker
TABLE 2
INDOOR PLOWER PERFORMANCE (CFM)
Model
GSVS241-A
GSVS301-A
GSVS361-A
GSVS421-A
.00
800
1000
1200
1250
.10
800
1000
1200
1250
.20
800
1000
1200
1250
.30
800
1000
1200
1250
.40
800
1000
1200
1250
.50
800
1000
1200
1250
.60
800
1000
1200
1250
ESP Inches WC
ESP = External Static Pressure (Inches of water)
TABLE 2A
FLOW RATES FOR VARIOUS FLUIDS
MODELS
VARIOUS FLUIDS
GSVS241-A
GSVS301-A
GSVS361-A
GSVS421-A
Flow rate required GPM fresh water
3
4
5
5
Flow rate required GPM 15% Sodium Chloride
5
6
7
8
Flow rate required GPM 25% GS4
5
6
7
8
TABLE 3
WATER COIL PRESSURE DROP
Model
GSVS241
GSVS301
GSVS361, GSVS421
GPM
PSIG
Ft. Hd.
PSIG
Ft. Hd.
PSIG
Ft. Hd.
3
1.00
2.31
---
---
---
---
4
1.42
3.28
1.00
2.31
---
---
5
1.83
4.22
1.43
3.30
1.80
4.15
6
2.24
5.17
1.86
4.29
3.28
7.57
7
2.66
6.14
2.30
5.31
4.77
11.01
8
---
---
2.73
6.30
6.26
14.46
9
---
---
---
---
7.75
17.90
10
---
---
---
---
9.24
21.34
11
---
---
---
---
---
---
12
---
---
---
---
---
---
13
---
---
---
---
---
---
14
---
---
---
---
---
---
15
---
---
---
---
---
---
Manual 2100-317
Page 3
Manual 2100-317
Page 4
FIGURE 1 – UNIT DIMENSIONS
Supply
Width
Depth Height
Units
A
B
C
ALL
27"
26"
48"
Duct
D
Return
Flange Width Height
E
F
G
13 7/8" 13 7/8" 22 1/2" 22 1/4"
H
I
J
6"
4 1/4"
1 1/2"
MIS-1238
HEATER PACKAGE NOMENCLATURE
EH
3
GSV
A
-
A
14
C
C = Circuit Breaker
Nominal KW
A = 240/208-1-60
Modification Code
GSV = Ground Source Vertical
3 = 3 Ton
Electric Heater
TABLE 4
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
OPTIONAL FIELD-INSTALLED HEATER PACKAGES
Heater
Heater Amps, KW and
Heater Package
Package
Capacity @ 240 Volts
Model No.
Volts/Phase
AMPS
KW
BT U
60HZ
Heater Amps, KW and
Capacity @ 208 Volts
AMPS
KW
BT U
Minimum
Circuit
Ampacity
Maximum Circuit
Breaker
HACR
Non-HACR
Field
Wire
Size
EH3GSVA-A05C
240/208-1
18.8
4.5
15,345
16.3
3.38
11,525
23.5
25
10
EH3GSVA-A09C
240/208-1
37.5
9.0
30,690
32.5
6.75
23,018
46.9
50
6
EH3GSVA-A14C
240/208-1
56.3
13.5
46,035
48.7
10.13
34,543
70.4
80
3
Manual 2100-317
Page 5
APPLICATION AND LOCATION
GENERAL
Units are shipped completely assembled and internally
wired, requiring only duct connections, thermostat
wiring, 230/208 volt AC power wiring, and water piping.
The equipment covered in this manual is to be installed
by trained, experienced service and installation
technicians. Any heat pump is more critical of proper
refrigerant charge and an adequate duct system than a
cooling only air conditioning unit.
These instructions and any instructions packaged with
any separate equipment required to make up the entire
heat pump system should be carefully read before
beginning the installation. Note particularly any tags
and/or labels attached to the equipment.
While these instructions are intended as a general
recommended guide, they do not in any way supersede
any national and/or local codes. Authorities having
jurisdiction should be consulted before the installation is
made.
SHIPPING DAMAGE
Upon receipt of the equipment, the carton should be
checked for external signs of shipping damage. If
damage is found, the receiving party must contact the last
carrier immediately, preferably in writing, requesting
inspection by the carrier’s agent.
APPLICATION
Capacity of the unit for a proposed installation should be
based on heat loss calculations made in accordance with
methods of the Air Conditioning Contractors of America,
formerly National Warm Air Heating and Air
Conditioning Association. The air duct system should be
sized and installed in accordance with Standards of the
National Fire Protection Association for the Installation
of Air Conditioning and Venting systems of Other than
Residence Type NFPA No. 90A, and residence Type
Warm Air Heating and Air Conditioning Systems, NFPA
No. 90B.
LOCATION
The unit may be installed in a basement, closet, or utility
room provided adequate service access is insured. The
unit is shipped from the factory as a right hand return and
requires access clearance of two feet minimum to the
access panels on this side of the unit. If unit is to be field
Manual 2100-317
Page 6
converted to left hand return the opposite side will
require access clearance of two feet minimum.
Unit may be field converted to left hand return by
removing four (4) screws that secure the control panel
cover, removing two (2) screws that hold the control
panel in place, sliding the control panel through the
compressor compartment and re-securing the control
panel on the opposite side of the water coil. (See Figure
2.) The two (2) access doors from the right hand return
can be transferred to the left-hand return side and the one
(1) left hand panel can be transferred to the right hand
side.
Unit casing suitable for 0 inch clearance with 1 inch duct
clearance for at least the first 4 feet of duct. These units
are not approved for outdoor installation and therefore
must be installed inside the structure being conditioned.
Do not locate in areas subject to freezing in the winter
or subject to sweating in the summer.
Before setting the unit, consider ease of piping, drain and
electrical connections for the unit. Also, for units which
will be used with a field installed heat recovery unit,
consider the proximity of the unit to the water heater or
storage tank. Place the unit on a solid base, preferably
concrete, to minimize undesirable noise and vibration.
DO NOT elevate the base pan on rubber or cork vibration
eliminator pads as this will permit the unit base to act like
a drum, transmitting objectionable noise.
DUCTWORK
If the unit is to be installed in a closet or utility room
which does not have a floor drain, a secondary drain pan
under the entire unit is highly recommended.
DO NOT install the unit in such a way that a direct path
exists between any return grille and the unit. Rather,
insure that the air entering the return grille will make at
least one turn before entering the unit or coil. This will
reduce possible objectionable compressor and air noise
from entering the occupied space.
Design the ductwork according to methods given by the
Air Conditioning Contractors of America. When duct
runs through unconditioned spaces, it should be insulated
with vapor barrier. It is recommended that flexible
connections be used to connect the ductwork to the unit
in order to keep the noise transmission to a minimum.
FIGURE 2
FIELD-CONVERSION TO LEFT HAND RETURN
REMOVE SINGLE AND
DOUBLE DOORS
Q
REMOVE 4 SCREWS SECURING
COVER
R
REMOVE 2 SCREWS HOLDING
CONTROL BOX TO CORNER PANEL
S
PASS CONTROL PANEL THROUGH
COMPRESSOR SECTION
T
RE-SECURE CONTROL PANEL ON
OPPOSITIE SIDE IN SAME MANNER
AS ORIGINALLY ATTACHED
REPOSTIION DOORS SO DOUBLE
DOORS ARE ON CONTROL PANEL
SIDE, AND SINGLE DOOR ON
OPPOSITE SIDE
TOP VIEW
MIS-1209
Manual 2100-317
Page 7
FILTER
This unit must not be operated without a filter. It comes
equipped with a disposable filter which should be
checked often and replaced if dirty. Insufficient air flow
due to undersized duct systems or dirty filters can result
in nuisance tripping of the high or low pressure control.
Refer to Table 2 for correct air flow and static pressure
requirements. (See Figure 3.)
CONDENSATE DRAIN
Determine where the drain line will run. This drain line
contains cold water and must be insulated to avoid
droplets of water from condensing on the pipe and
dripping on finished floors or the ceiling under the unit.
FIGURE 3
A trap MUST BE installed in the drain line and the trap
filled with water prior to start up. The use of plugged
tees in place of elbows to facilitate cleaning is highly
recommended.
Drain lines must be installed according to local plumbing
codes. It is not recommended that any condensate drain
line be connected to a sewer main. The drain line enters
the unit through the FPT coupling on the coil side of the
unit.
PIPING ACCESS TO UNIT
Water piping to and from the unit enters the unit casing
from the coil side of the unit under the return air filter
rack. Piping connections are made directly to the unit
and are
3/4” FPT. (See Figure 4.)
FIGURE 4
MIS-1212
MIS-1210
Manual 2100-317
Page 8
WIRING INSTRUCTIONS
GENERAL
All wiring must be installed in accordance with the
National Electrical Code and local codes. In Canada, all
wiring must be installed in accordance with the Canadian
Electrical Code and in accordance with the regulations of
the authorities having jurisdiction. Power supply voltage
must conform to the voltage shown on the unit serial
plate. A wiring diagram of the unit is attached to the
inside of the electrical cover. The power supply shall be
sized and fused according to the specifications supplied.
A ground lug is supplied in the control compartment for
equipment ground.
Table 5 should be used to determine proper gauge of
control circuit wring required.
TABLE 5
CONTROL CIRCUIT WIRING
Rated VA of
Control Circuit
Transformer
Transformer
Secondary
FLA @ 24V
50
2.1
Maximum Total
Distance of
Control Circuit
Wiring in Feet
20 gauge
18 gauge
16 gauge
14 gauge
12 gauge
- 45
- 60
- 100
- 160
- 250
The unit rating plate lists a Maximum Time Delay Fuse”
or “HACR” type circuit breaker that is to be used with
the equipment. The correct size must be used for proper
circuit protection and also to assure that there will be no
nuisance tripping due to the momentary high starting
current of the compressor motor.
Example: 1. Control Circuit transformer rated at 50 VA
2. Maximum total distance of control circuit
wiring 85 feet.
CONTROL CIRCUIT WIRING
be
The minimum control circuit wiring gauge needed to
insure proper operation of all controls in the unit will
depend on two factors.
WALL THERMOSTATS
1. The rated VA of the control circuit transformer.
The following all thermostats and subbases should be
used as indicated, depending on the application.
From Table 5, minimum of 16 gauge wire should
used in the control circuit wiring.
2. The maximum total distance of the control circuit
wiring.
TABLE 6
WALL THERMOSTAT AND SUBBASE COMBINATIONS
Part No.
Model No.
8403-017
T874R1129
8404-009
Q674L1181
8403-027
Description
Control Diagram
Thermostat 1 stage cool, 2 stage heat
1st stage fixed, 2nd stage heat anticipators
Subbase
System switch: Em. Heat - Heat - Off - Cool
Fan switch: On - Off
4091-500
1F923-71
Thermostat 2 stage cool, 3 stage heat
Electronic manual or automatic changeover
2 set-up / set - back periods
5 or 7 day programing
4091-501
8403-035
1F94-80
Thermostat 2 stage cool, 2 stage heat
Electronic manual or automatic changeover
1 set-up / set - back period
7 day programing
4091-502
8403-042
T8511G
Thermostat 1 stage cool, 2 stage heat
Electronic manual or automatic changeover
4091-503
8403-045
T841A1761
Thermostat 1 stage cool, 2 stage heat
1 stage fixed, 2nd stage adjustable
Heat anticipators
System Switch: Em. Heat - Heat - Off - Cool
Fan Switch: On - Off
4091-504
Manual 2100-317
Page 9
THERMOSTAT INDICATOR LAMPS
BLOWER CONTROL SETUP
STANDARD INDICATOR LAMPS
The lamp marked “EM” or “EMER.” comes on and stays
on whenever the system switch is placed in the
emergency heat position.
The lamp marked “CHECK” or “MALF.” will flash if
the high pressure switch opens and locks out compressor
operation. The “CHECK” or “MALF.” lamp will come
on and stay on if the low pressure switch closes and
locks out compressor operation. To reset either the high
or low pressure switch, place the thermostat in the off
position then back to the on position.
Due to the unique functions that the ECM blower motor
is able to perform each installation requires that the
jumpers on the blower control board be checked and
possibly moved based on the final installation. (See
Figure 5.) Check
Table 7 to verify the ADJUST, HEAT, COOL, and
DELAY taps are set in the proper location for the
installation.
HUMIDITY CONTROL
The lamp marked “AUX” comes on and stays on anytime
electric heaters are on.
With the use of optional humidistat 8403-038 cut jumper
on blower control board marked “cut to enable” (refer to
U on Figure 5) to allow the humidistat to reduce the
blower airflow in the dehumidify mode. By reducing the
airflow the air coil runs colder and thus extracts more
moisture. This can increase latent capacity from 5 to
13% based on the R/H conditions of the structure being
conditioned. Refer to control circuit diagram for wiring
of humidistat.
EMERGENCY HEAT POSITION
CFM LIGHT
The operator of the equipment must manually place the
system switch in this position. This is done when there is
a known problem with the unit, or when the “CHECK” or
“MALF.” lamp comes on indicating a problem.
The light marked CFM on the blower control board (refer
to V on Figure 5) alternates between blinking 1 second
per approximately 100 CFM of air delivered by the
blower, and a solid light with 1 second off period
between modes.
OPTIONAL INDICATOR LAMPS
The lamp marked “PUMP” comes on and stays on
anytime the compressor is on.
TABLE 7
1. Adjust
Norm
(+)
(-)
Test
-
Unit shipped with jumper in this position
Jumper in this position increases airflow 15%
Jumper in this position decreases airflow 15%
Not used in this application.
A.
B.
C.
D.
-
0 kW unit shipped with jumper in this position
4.5 kW heater package installed jumper in this position
9 kW heater package installed jumper in this position
14kW heater package installed jumper in this position
A.
B.
C.
D.
-
Unit shipped with jumper in this position
Jumper in this position when any heater package installed
Not used in this application
Not used in this application
A.
B.
C.
D.
-
No delay unit shipped with jumper in this position
1 min. blower delay on shut down with 56% airflow
2 1/2 min. short run on start with 75% airflow plus tap B delay
1 min. pre-run on start with 38% airflow plus tap B and C delay
2. Heat
3. Cool
4. Delay
Manual 2100-317
Page 10
FIGURE 5
MIS-1211
Manual 2100-317
Page 11
Manual 2100-317
Page 12
Manual 2100-317
Page 13
Manual 2100-317
Page 14
Manual 2100-317
Page 15
Manual 2100-317
Page 16
CLOSED LOOP
(Earth Coupled Ground Loop Applications)
NOTE:
Most household water systems have more than enough
water pressure either from the well pump of the
municipal water system to overcome the pressure of head
loss in 1/2 inch or 3/4 inch household plumbing. A
closed loop earth coupled heat pump system, however, is
separated from the pressure of the household supply and
relies on a small, low wattage pump to circulate the water
and antifreeze solution through the earth coupling, heat
pump and equipment room components.
Unit shipped from factory with 27 PSIG low
pressure switch wired into control circuit and
must be rewired to 15 PSIG low pressure switch
for closed loop applications. This unit is designed
to work on earth coupled ground loop systems,
however, these systems operate at entering water
(without antifreeze) temperature with pressures
well below the pressures normally experienced in
water well systems.
The small circulator keeps the operating costs of the
system to a minimum. However, the performance of the
circulator MUST be closely matched with the pressure of
head loss of the entire system in order to provide the
required flow through the heat pump. Insufficient flow
through the heat exchanger is one of the most common
causes of system failure. Proper system piping design
and circulator selection will eliminate this problem
THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM DESIGN
Equipment room piping design is based on years of
experience with earth coupled heat pump systems. The
design eliminates most causes of system failure.
Surprisingly, the heat pump itself is rarely the cause.
Most problems occur because designers and installers
forget that a closed loop earth coupled heat pump system
is NOT like a household plumbing system.
Bard supplies a worksheet to simplify head loss
calculations and circulator selection. Refer to
“Circulating Pump Worksheet” section in manual
2100-099.
FIGURE 6
PIPE TO GROUND LOOP
PIPE FROM
GROUND LOOP
PUMP
MODULE
WATER
IN
BARB X INSERT
BRASS ADAPTERS
MIS-1213
WATER OUT
HOSE CLAMPS
1” FLEXIBLE HOSE
OPTIONAL VISUAL
FLOW METER
NOTE: IF USED
SUPPORT WITH A
FIELD-FABRICATED
WALL BRACKET
Manual 2100-317
Page 17
START UP PROCEDURE FOR CLOSED
LOOP SYSTEM
sufficient capacity. If the module selection is correct,
there is probably trapped air or a restriction in the
piping circuit.
1. Be sure main power to the unit is OFF at disconnect.
8. Start the unit in cooling mode. By moving the
thermostat switch to cool, fan should be set for
AUTO.
2. Set thermostat system switch to OFF, fan switch to
AUTO.
3. Move main power disconnect to ON. Except as
required for safety while servicing, DO NOT OPEN
THE UNIT DISCONNECT SWITCH.
4. Check system air flow for obstructions.
A. Move thermostat fan switch to ON. Blower runs.
B. Be sure all registers and grilles are open.
9. Check the system refrigerant pressures against the
cooling refrigerant pressure table in the installation
manual for rated water flow and entering water
temperatures. If the refrigerant pressures do not
match, check for air flow problem then refrigeration
system problem.
10. Switch the unit to the heating mode. By moving the
thermostat switch to heat, fan should be set for
AUTO.
C. Move thermostat fan switch to AUTO. Blowing
should stop.
11. Check the refrigerant system pressures against the
heating refrigerant pressure table in installation
manual. Once again, if they do not match, check for
air flow problems and then refrigeration system
problems.
5. Flush, fill and pressurize the closed loop system as
outlined in manual 2100-099.
6. Fully open the manual inlet and outlet valves. Start
the loop pump module circulator(s) and check for
proper operation. If circulator(s) are not operating,
turn off power and diagnose the problem.
NOTE: If a charge problem is determined (high or low):
A. Check for possible refrigerant leaks.
7. Check fluid flow using a direct reading flow meter or
a single water pressure gauge, measure the pressure
drop at the pressure/temperature plugs across the
water coil. Compare the measurement with flow
versus pressure drop table to determine the actual
flow rate. If the flow rate is too low, recheck the
selection of the loop pump module model for
B. Recover all remaining refrigerant from unit and
repair leak.
C. Evacuate unit down to 29 inches of vacuum
D. Recharge the unit with refrigerant by weight.
This is the only way to insure a proper charge.
FIGURE 7
DIAL FACE PRESSURE GAUGE
WITH GAUGE ADAPTOR
THERMOMETER
WATER COIL CONNECTION
AT HEAT PUMP
1” AND 3/4” MPT
BARB X INSERT BRASS ADAPTER
SELFSEALING
PETE’S TEST PLUG
TEST PLUG CAP
Manual 2100-317
Page 18
MIS-1219
FIGURE 8
PERFORMANCE MODEL GPM-1 LOOP PUMP MODULE
35
30
Head (Feet)
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Flow (GPM)
FIGURE 9
PERFORMANCE MODEL GPM-2 LOOP PUMP MODULE
70
60
Head (Feet)
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Flow (GPM)
Manual 2100-317
Page 19
OPEN LOOP
(Well System Applications)
NOTE:
Unit shipped from factory with 27 PSIG low
pressure switch wired into control circuit for
open loop applications.
WATER CONNECTIONS
It is very important that an adequate supply of clean,
noncorrosive water at the proper pressure be provided
before the installation is made. Insufficient water, in the
heating mode for example, will cause the low pressure
switch to trip, shutting down the heat pump. In assessing
the capacity of the water system, it is advisable that the
complete water system be evaluated to prevent possible
lack of water or water pressure at various household
fixtures whenever the heat pump turns on. All plumbing
to and from the unit is to be installed in accordance with
local plumbing codes. The use of plastic pipe, where
permissible, is recommended to prevent electrolytic
corrosion of the water pipe. Because of the relatively
cold temperatures encountered with well water, it is
strongly recommended that the water lines connecting the
unit be insulated to prevent water droplets form
condensing on the pipe surface.
Refer to piping, Figure 10. Slow closing Solenoid Valve
(6) with a 24 V coil provides on/off control of the water
flow to the unit. Refer to the wiring diagram for correct
hookup of the valve solenoid coil.
Constant Flow Valve (7) provides correct flow of water
to the unit regardless of variations in water pressure.
Observe the water flow direction indicated by the arrow
on the side of the valve body. Following is a table
showing which valve is the be installed with which heat
pump.
TABLE 8
CONSTANT FLOW VALVES
Part No.
Min. Available
Pressure PSIG
Flow Rate
GPM
8603-007
15 (1)
6
8603-008
15 (1)
8
8603-010
15 (1)
4
8603-011
15 (1)
5
8603-019
15 (1)
3
(1) The pressure drop through the constant flow valve
will vary depending on the available pressure
ahead of the valve. Unless minimum of 15 psig
is available immediately ahead of the valve, no
water will flow.
Manual 2100-317
Page 20
Strainer (5) installed upstream of constant flow valve (7)
to collect foreign material which would clog the flow
valve orifice.
The figure shows the use of shutoff valves (9) and (11),
on the in and out water lines to permit isolation of the unit
from the plumbing system should future service work
require this. Globe valves should not be used as shutoff
valves because of the excessive pressure drop inherent in
the valve design. Instead us gate or ball valves as
shutoffs so as to minimize pressure drop.
Drain cock (8) and (10), and tees have been included to
permit acid cleaning the refrigerant-to-water coil should
such cleaning be required. See WATER CORROSION.
Drain cock (12) provides access to the system to check
water flow through the constant flow valve to insure
adequate water flow through the unit. A water meter is
used to check the water flow rate.
WELL PUMP SIZING
Strictly speaking, sizing the well pump is the
responsibility of the well drilling contractor. It is
important, however, that the HVAC contractor be
familiar with the factors that determine what size pump
will be required. Rule of thumb estimates will invariably
lead to under or oversized well pumps. Undersizing the
pump will result in inadequate water to the whole
plumbing system but with especially bad results to the
heat pump – NO HEAT / NO COOL calls will result.
Oversized pumps will short cycle and could cause
premature pump motor or switch failures.
The well pump must be capable of supplying enough
water and at an adequate pressure to meet competing
demands of water fixtures. The well pump must be sized
in such a way that three requirements are met:
1. Adequate flow rate in GPM.
2. Adequate pressure at the fixture.
3. Able to meet the above from the depth of the
well-feet of lift.
The pressure requirements put on the pump are directly
affected by the diameter of pipe being used, as well as, by
the water flow rate through the pipe. The worksheet
included in manual 2110-078 should guarantee that the
well pump has enough capacity. It should also ensure
that the piping is not undersized which would create too
much pressure due to friction loss. High pressure losses
due to undersized pipe will reduce efficiency and require
larger pumps and could also create water noise problems.
FIGURE 10
WATER CONNECTION COMPONENTS
10
11
5
8
MIS-1221
9
6
7
12
Manual 2100-317
Page 21
SYSTEM START UP PROCEDURE FOR
OPEN LOOP APPLICATIONS
1. Be sure main power to the unit is OFF at disconnect.
2. Set thermostat system switch to OFF, fan switch to
AUTO.
3. Move main power disconnect to ON. Except as
required for safety while servicing – DO NOT OPEN
THE UNIT DISCONNECT SWITCH.
4. Check system air low for obstructions.
A. Move thermostat fan switch to ON. Blower runs.
B. Be sure all registers and grilles are open.
C. Move thermostat fan switch to AUTO. Blower
should stop.
5. Fully open the manual inlet and outlet valves.
6. Check water flow.
A. Connect a water flow meter to the drain cock
between the constant flow valve and the solenoid
valve. Run a hose from the flow meter to a drain
or sink. Open the drain cock.
B. Check the water flow rate through constant flow
valve to be sure it is the same as the unit is rated
for. (Example: 4 GPM for a GSVS301-A.)
C. When water flow is okay, close drain cock and
remove the water flow meter. the unit is now
ready to start.
7. Start the unit in cooling mode. By moving the
thermostat switch to cool, fan should be set for
AUTO.
A. Check to see the solenoid valve opened.
8. Check the system refrigerant pressures against the
cooling refrigerant pressure table in the installation
manual for rated water flow and entering water
temperatures. If the refrigerant pressures do not
match, check for air flow problem that refrigeration
system problem.
9. Switch the unit to the heat mode. By moving the
thermostat switch to heat, fan should be set for
AUTO.
A. Check to see the solenoid valve opened again.
10. Check the refrigerant system pressures against the
heating refrigerant pressure table in installation
manual. Once again, if they do not match, check for
air flow problems and then refrigeration system
problems.
NOTE: If a charge problem is determined (high or
low):
A. Check for possible refrigerant loss.
B. Discharge all remaining refrigerant from unit.
C. Evacuate unit down to 29 inches of vacuum.
D. Recharge the unit with refrigerant by weight.
This is the only way to insure proper charge.
Manual 2100-317
Page 22
WATER CORROSION
Two concerns will immediately come to light when
considering a water source heat pump, whether for
ground water or for a closed loop application: Will there
be enough water? And, how will the water quality affect
the system?
Water quantity is an important consideration and one
which is easily determined. The well driller must
perform a pump down test on the well according to
methods described by the Nation Well Water
Association. This test, if performed correctly, will
provide information on the rate of low and on the
capacity of the well. It is important to consider the
overall capacity of the well when thinking about a water
source heat pump because the heat pump may be required
to run for extended periods of time.
The second concern, about water quality, is equally
important. Generally speaking, if the water is not
offensive for drinking purposes, it should pose no
problem for the heat pump. The well driller or local
water softening company can perform tests which will
determine the chemical properties of the well water.
Water quality problems will show up in the heat pump in
one of more of the following ways:
1. Decrease in water flow through the unit.
2. Decreased heat transfer of the water coil (entering to
leaving water temperature difference is less).
There are four main water quality problems associated
with ground water. These are:
1. Biological Growth. This is the growth of
microscopic organisms in the water and will shop up
as a slimy deposit throughout the water system.
Shock treatment of the well is usually required and
this is best left up to the well driller. The treatment
consists of injecting chlorine into the well casing and
flushing the system until all growth is removed.
2. Suspended Particles in the Water. Filtering will
usually remove most suspended particles (fine sand,
small gravel) from the water. The problem with
suspended particles in the water is that it will erode
metal parts, pumps, heat transfer coils, etc. So long
as the filter is cleaned and periodically maintained,
suspended particles should pose no serious problem.
Consult with your well driller.
3. Corrosion of Metal. Corrosion of metal parts results
from either highly corrosive water (acid water,
generally not the case with ground water) of galvanic
reaction between dissimilar metals in the presence of
water. By using plastic plumbing or dielectric unions
galvanic reaction is eliminated. The use of corrosion
resistant materials such as the Cupro nickel coil)
through the water system will reduce corrosion
problems significantly.
4. Scale Formation. Of all the water problems, the
formation of scale by ground water is by far the most
common. Usually this scale is due to the formation of
calcium carbonate by magnesium carbonate or
calcium sulfate may also be present. Carbon dioxide
gas (CO2), the carbonate of calcium and magnesium
carbonate, is very soluble in water. It will remain
dissolved in the water until some outside factor upsets
the balance. This outside influence may be a large
change in water temperature or pressure. When this
happens, enough carbon dioxide gas combines with
dissolved calcium or magnesium in the water and falls
out of solution until a new balance is reached. The
change in temperature that this heat pump produces is
usually not high enough to cause the dissolved gas to
fall out of solution. Likewise, if pressure drops are
kept to a reasonable level, no precipitation of carbon
dioxide should occur.
REMEDIES OF WATER PROBLEMS
Water Treatment. Water treatment can usually be
economically justified for close loop systems. However,
because of the large amounts of water involved with a
ground water heat pump, water treatment is generally too
expensive.
Acid Cleaning the Water Coil or Heat Pump
Recovery Unit. If scaling of the coil is strongly
suspected, the coil can be cleaned up with a solution of
Phosphoric Acid (food grade acid). Follow the
manufacturer’s directions for mixing, use, etc. Refer to
the “Cleaning Water Coil”,
Figure 12. The acid solution can be introduced into the
heat pump coil through the hose bib A. Be sure the
isolation valves are closed to prevent contamination of
the rest of the system by the coil. The acid should be
pumped from a bucket into the hose bib and returned to
the bucket through the other hose bib B. Follow the
manufacturer’s directions for the product used as to how
long the solutionis to be circulated, but it is usually
circulated for a period of several hours.
LAKE AND POND INSTALLATIONS
lakes and ponds can provide a low cost source of water
for heating and cooling with a ground water heat pump.
Direct usage of the water without some filtration is not
recommended as algae and turbid water can foul the
water to freon heat exchanger. Instead, there have been
very good results using a dry well dug next to the water
line or edge. Normal procedure in installing a dry well is
to backhoe a 15 to 20 foot hole adjacent to the body of
water (set backhoe as close to the water’s edge as
possible). Once excavated, a perforated plastic casing
should be installed with gravel backfill placed around the
casing. The gravel bed should provide adequate filtration
of the water to allow good performance of the ground
water heat pump.
The following is a list of recommendations to follow
when installing this type of system:
A. A lake or pond should be at least 1 acre (40,000 a
square feet) in surface area for each 50,000 BTUs of
ground water heat pump capacity or have 2 times the
cubic feet size of the dwelling that you are trying to
heat (includes basement if heated).
B. The average water depth should be a least 4 feet and
there should be an area where the water depth is at
least 12 to 15 feet deep.
C. If possible, use a submersible pump suspended in the
dry well casing. Jet pumps and other types of suction
pumps normally consume more electrical energy than
similarly sized submersible pumps. Pipe the unit the
same as a water well system.
FIGURE 11
CLEANING WATER COIL
HOSE BIB (A)
HOSE BIB (B)
ISOLATION VALVE
ISOLATION VALVE
PUMP
MIS-1222
Manual 2100-317
Page 23
D. Size the pump to provide necessary GPM for the
ground water heat pump. A 12 GPM or greater water
flow rate is required on all modes when used on this
type system.
E. A pressure tank should be installed in dwelling to be
heated adjacent to the ground water heat pump. A
pressure switch should be installed at the tank for
pump control.
K. Locate the discharge high enough above high water
level so the water will not back up and freeze inside
the drain pipe.
L. Where the local conditions prevent the use of a
gravity drainage system to a lake or pond, you can
instead run standard plastic piping out into the pond
below the frost and low water level.
F. All plumbing should be carefully sized to compensate
for friction losses, etc., particularly if the pond or lake
is over 200 feet from the dwelling to be heated or
cooled.
G. Keep all water lines below low water level and below
the frost line.
H. Most installers use 4 inch filed tile (rigid plastic or
corrugated) for water return to the lake or pond.
I. The drain line discharge should be located at least
100 feet from the dry well location.
WARNING
Thin ice may result in the vicinity of the
discharge line.
For complete information on water well systems and lake
and pond applications, refer to Manual 2100-078
available from your distributor.
J. The drain line should be installed with a slope of 2
inches per 10 feet of run to provide complete
drainage of the line when the ground water heat pump
is not operating. This gradient should also help
prevent freezing of the discharge where the pipe
terminates above the frost line.
FIGURE 12
LAKE OR POND INSTALLATION
WALL CAP
ELECTRICAL LINE
PITLESS ADAPTER
TO PRESSURE
TANK
WATER SUPPLY
LINE
GRAVEL FILL
12’
to
15’
LAKE
or
POND
WATER LEVEL
DROP
PIPE
15’ to 20’
DEEP
PERFORATED
PLASTIC CASING
SUBMERSIBLE
PUMP
MIS-1607
Manual 2100-317
Page 24
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
COOLING
When thermostat system switch is placed in COOL it
completes a circuit from “R” to “O”, energizing the
reversing valve solenoid. On a call for cooling, the
cooling bulb completes a circuit from “R” to “Y”,
energizing the compressor contactor starting the
compressor. The “R” to “G” circuit for blower operation
is automatically completed on any call for cooling
operation, or can be energized by manual fan switch on
subbase for constant air circulation.
HEATING WITHOUT ELECTRIC HEAT
When thermostat system switch is placed in HEAT it
opens the circuit from “R” to “O”, de-energizing the
reversing valve solenoid. On a call for heating, it
completes a circuit from “R” to “Y”, energizing the
compressor contactor starting the compressor. The “R: to
“G” circuit for blower operation is automatically
completed on any call for heating operation, or can be
energized by manual fan switch on subbase for constant
air circulation.
HEATING WITH ELECTRIC HEAT
The first stage of heating is the same as heating without
electric heat. When the second stage thermostat bulb
makes, a circuit is completed between “R” to “W1”,
energizing the heater package time delay relay(s). The
electric heater elements will remain energized until the
second stage bulb is satisfied at which time the circuit
between “R” to “W1” will open de-energizing the heat
package time delay relay(s).
EMERGENCY HEAT
When thermostat system switch is placed in EMER, the
compressor circuit “R” to “Y” is locked out. Control of
the electric heaters is from “R” to “W1” through the
thermostat second stage heating bulb. Blower operation
is controlled by an interlock circuit with the electric
heater time delay relay and the blower control. The
electric heater elements will remain energized until the
second stage bulb is satisfied at which time the circuit
between “R” and “W1” will open de-energizing the heat
package time delay relay (s) and the blower.
High pressure lockout circuit: Consists of a normally
closed switch and an impedance circuit. As long as the
switch is closed the circuit “R” to “Y” which controls the
compressor contactor is complete. If the pressure rises
above the set point of the switch (approximately 355
PSIG) the switch will open and the impedance circuit will
lockout the circuit even after the pressure drops below the
set point and switch closes. The circuit will remain in
lockout until the thermostat system switch is set in the
OFF position and all low voltage to the control circuit is
off.
Low pressure lockout circuit: Consists of a normally
open switch and a relay used in a latching circuit. As
long as the switch is open the circuit “R” to “Y” which
controls the compressor contactor is complete. If the
pressure drops below the set point of the switch
(approximately 15 to 27 PSIG) the switch will close and
the relay will lockout the circuit even after the pressure
rises above the set point and switch opens. The circuit
will remain in lockout until the thermostat system switch
is set in the OFF position and all low voltage to the
control circuit is off.
PRESSURE SERVICE PORTS
High and low pressure service ports are installed on all
units so that the system operating pressures can be
observed. Pressure tables can be found later in the
manual covering all models. It is imperative to match the
correct pressure table to the unit by model number.
SYSTEM START-UP
Step 1 – Close disconnect switch(es) and set the
thermostat to cool and the temperature to the
highest setting.
Step 2 – Check for proper airflow across the indoor coil.
Step 3 – Connect the service gauges and allow the unit
to run for at least 10 minutes or until pressures
are stable. Check pressures to the system
pressure table attached to the unit service panel.
Step 4 – Fill out Ground Source Heat Pump
Performance Report.
LOCKOUT CIRCUITS
Each unit has two separate lockout circuits, one for the
high pressure switch and one for the low pressure switch.
Lockout circuits operate the same in either cooling or
heating operation.
Manual 2100-317
Page 25
FIGURE 13
COMPRESSOR
DESUPER HEAT COIL
HIGH PRESSURE SWITCH
DISCHARGE SERVICE PORT
LOW PRESSURE
SWITCHES
REVERSING VALVE
WATER COIL
EXPANSION VALVE
LOW VOLTAGE IN
SUCTION SERVICE PORT
MIS-1224
HIGH VOLTAGE IN
FIGURE 14
CONTROL PANEL
LOW VOLTAGE
TERMINAL STRIP
BLINKER
BLOWER BOARD
LOW PRESSURE
LOCKOUT RELAY
EMERGENCY HEAT
RELAY
TRANSFORMER
GROUND TERMINAL
Manual 2100-317
Page 26
COMPRESSOR CAPACITOR
COMPRESSOR CONTACTOR
HIGH PRESSURE
LOCKOUT RELAY
FIGURE 15
Manual 2100-317
Page 27
FIGURE 16
PRESSURE TABLES
Fluid Temperature Entering Water Coil Degree F
COOLING
Model
GSVS241-A
GSVS301-A
GSVS361-A
GSVS421-A
Return Air
Pressure
Temperature
45
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
77 78 79 80
81 82
151 163 175 186 198 210
90
95
100 105 110
75 deg. DB
62 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
74 75 76
116 128 140
80 deg. DB
67 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
79
119
85 deg. DB
72 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
85 86 87
124 136 148
75 deg. DB
62 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
114 125 136 146 157 168 179 189 200
80 deg. DB
67 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
77 78 79 80
117 128 139 150
85 deg. DB
72 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
91 92 93 94 95 96
120 132 144 155 167 179 190 202 214 225 237 249 260 272
75 deg. DB
62 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
69 70
71 72 73 74 75 77
112 123 134 145 156 167 179 189
80 deg. DB
67 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81 82 83 84
115 126 137 149 160 172 183 195 206 218 229
85 deg. DB
72 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
80
81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
91 92 93
118 130 142 154 166 178 190 202 214 226 238 250 262 274
75 deg. DB
62 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
69 70
71 72 73
126 137 148 159 170
80 deg. DB
67 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
74 75
129 140
85 deg. DB
72 deg. WB
Low Side
High Side
80
81 82 83
133 145 157 169
80
81 82 83 84
131 143 155 167 179
83 84 85 86 87
221 233 245 256 268
85 87 88 89 90
191 203 215 227 239
91 92 93
251 263 275
88 89 90
91 93 94 95 96 97 98 99
161 173 186 198 210 223 235 248 260 273 285
81 82 83 84 85
211 222 232 243 254
81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89
161 172 184 195 206 217 228 239 250
90
261
78 79 80
81 82 83
201 212 223 234 245 256
85 86 87
241 252 264
74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81 82
181 193 204 215 226 237 248 259 270
76 77 78 79 80
81 82 83 84 85 86 87
151 163 174 186 197 209 220 232 243 255 266 278
84 85 86 87 88 89 90
91 92 93
181 192 204 216 228 240 252 264 275 287
Fluid Temperature Entering Water Coil Degree F
HEATING
Model
50
Return Air
Pressure
Temperature
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
GSVS241-A
70 deg. DB
Low Side
High Side
38
169
43
175
48
180
53
186
58
191
63
197
68
203
73
208
78
214
83
219
88
225
93
230
GSVS301-A
70 deg. DB
Low Side
High Side
35
181
40
187
45
194
50
201
56
207
61
214
66
221
72
227
77
234
82
241
87
247
93
254
GSVS361-A
70 deg. DB
Low Side
High Side
33
177
38
183
43
189
48
196
53
202
58
208
63
214
68
220
73
226
78
232
83
239
88
245
GSVS421-A
70 deg. DB
Low Side
High Side
30
192
35
199
40
205
45
211
50
217
55
223
60
229
65
235
70
241
75
247
80
254
85
260
7960-406
Manual 2100-317
Page 28
QUICK REFERANCE TROUBLESHOOTING CHART FOR WATER TO AIR HEAT PUMP
Compressor Will Not Run
No Power at Contactor
Compressor Will Not Run
Power at Contactor
Compressor "Hums"
But Will Not Start
Heating or Cooling Cycles
Compressor Cycles on Overload
Ë Ë
Å Å Å Å
Å Å Å
Å Å Å Ë
Å
Å
Å Å
Å
Å
Å Å Å Ë Å Å Å Å
Ë
Ë Ë Å Å Ë
Ë Å
Ë
Auxillary Heat Upstream of Coil
Undersized or Restricted Ductwork
Air Filters Dirty
Air Volume Low
Motor Winding Defective
Fins Dirty or Plugged
Plugged or Restricted Metering Device (Clg)
Low Water Temperature (Htg)
Water Volume Low (Clg)
Water Volume Low (Htg)
Scaled or Plugged Coil (CLg)
Scaled or Plugged Coil (Htg)
Plugged or Restricted Metering Device (Htg)
Defective Valve or Coil
Ë
Å
Å
Ë
Ë Ë Ë Ë
Ë Ë Ë Å Ë
Å
Å
Å
Å
Ë
Å
Ë
Ë
Å
Ë Å Å Å Å Å Å
Å
Ë Å
Å
Ë Ë Å
Å
Head Pressure Too High
Head Pressure Too Low
Å
Suction Pressure Too High
Å
Ë
Å
Ë Ë Ë Å Å Ë Å
Å
Å
Å
Å
Ë Å
Å
Ë Ë Å Ë Å Å Ë
Ë
Å Å
Ë
Å
Å
Å
Å
High Compressor Amps
Ë Ë
Å
Ë
Å
Å
Å Å Å Ë Ë
Å Å Å Å
Å
Å
I.D. Coil Frosting or Icing
Å
Ë
Å Å
Ë Å Å Å Å Ë
Å
Å Å
Å
Ë
Å
Compressor Runs Continuously
– No Cooling
Liquid Refrigerant Flooding Back
To Compressor
Compressor Runs Continuously
– No Heating
Å
Å
Å
Å
Ë Å Å Å Å Ë Ë
Ë
Ë Å Å Å Å Ë
Ë Ë
Å
Excessive Water Usage
Cooling
Cycle
INDOOR SECTION
AUX.
Indoor Blower Motor
and Coil
Heat Gen.
Water Coil
Å
Suction Pressure Too Low
Manual 2100-317
Page 29
Heating Cycle
Solenoid Valve Stuck Open (Htg or Clg)
Solenoid Valve Stuck Closed (Clg)
Solenoid Valve Stuck Closed (Htg)
Unequalized Pressures
Non-Condensables
Low Suction Pressure
High Suction Pressure
Low Head Pressure
High Head Pressure
Ë Å
Å Å Å
Compressor Noisy
Reversing Valve Does Not Shift
Rev.
Valve
Å Å Å Ë Ë Å Å
Å Å Å Å
Thermostat Check Light
Lite-Lockout Relay
Compressor Off on High
Pressure Control
Compressor Off on Low
Pressure Control
I.D. Blower Will Not Start
Refrigerant Overcharge
Refrigerant Charge Low
Refrigerant System
Motor Wingings Defective
Valve Defective
Seized
Bearings Defective
Discharge Line Hitting Inside of Shell
Indoor Blower Relay
Compressor
Pressure Controls (High or Low)
Contactor Coil
Thermostat
Low Voltage
Control Transformer
Loose Terminals
Faulty Wiring
Start Capacitor
Run Capacitor
Potential Relay
Compressor Overload
Defective Contacts in Contactor
Low Voltage
Loose Terminals
Faulty Wiring
Blown Fuse or Tripped Breaker
Power Failure
˜ Denotes common cause
Ð Denotes occasional cause
Control Circuit
Leaking
WATER COIL SECTION
Water
Solenoid
POWER SUPPLY
Line Voltage
Ë
Å
Å Å Å Å Ë
Å Å
Å
Å
Å
Ë
Å Å
Liquid Refrigerant Flooding Back
To Compressor
Å Å
Excessive Operation Costs
Ë Ë
Ice in Water Coil
Ë Ë
Å Å
Ë
Ë
Ë
Ë Å
Å
Ë
Å
Å
Å
Å
Ë Ë
Å
Å Å
Ë Ë
Å Å
Ë Ë Ë
Å
Å
Å Å
Aux. Heat on I.D. Blower Off
Å
Ë
Å
Å
Å
Ë
Å
Ë Ë Ë
SERVICE
SERVICE HINTS
1. Caution homeowner to maintain clean air filters at tall
times. Also, not to needlessly close off supply and
return air registers. This reduces air flow through the
system, which shortens equipment service life as well
as increasing operating costs.
2. Check all power fuses or circuit breakers to be sure
that they are the correct rating.
UNBRAZING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
If the refrigerant charge is removed from a scroll
equipped unit by bleeding the high side only, it is
sometimes possible for the scrolls to seal, preventing
pressure equalization through the compressor. This may
leave low side shell and suction line tubing pressurized.
If the brazing torch is then applied to the low side while
the low side shell and suction line contains pressure, the
pressurized refrigerant and oil mixture could ignite when
it escapes and contacts the brazing flame. To prevent this
occurrence, it is important to check both the high and low
side with manifold gauges before unbrazing.
Manual 2100-317
Page 30
WARNING
Both the high and low side of the scroll
compressor must be checked with manifold
gauges before unbrazing system components.
Failure to do so could cause pressurized
refrigerant and oil mixture to ignite if it escapes
and contacts the brazing flame causing property
damage, bodily harm or death.
TROUBLESHOOTING ECM BLOWER MOTORS
CAUTION
Disconnect power from unit before removing or replacing connectors, or servicing motor. Wait at
least 5 minutes after disconnection power before opening motor.
SYM PTOM
Motor rocks slightly w hen starting.
CAUSE / PROCEDURE
! This is normal start-up for ICM
Motor w on't start
! No movement
! Check power at motor
! Check low voltage (24 VAC R to C) at motor
! Check low voltage connections (G, Y, W, R, C) at motor
! Check for unseated pins in connectors on motor harness
! Test with a temporary jumper between R - G
! Check motor for tight shaft
! Run Mositure Check
! Motor rocks, but won't start
! Check for loose or compliant motor mount
! Make sure blower wheel is tight on shaft
Motor oscillates up and dow n w hile being
tested off of blow er
! Noisy blower of cabinet
! It is normal for motor to oscillate with no load on shaft.
! Check for loose blower housing, panels, etc.
! High static creating high blower speed?
– Check for air whistling through seams in ducts,
cabinets or panels.
– Check for cabinet / duct deformation
! "Hunts" or "puffs" at high CFM (speed)
! Does removing panel or filter reduce "puffing"?
– Reduce restiction
– Reduce maximum airflow
Evidence of Moisture
! Motor failure of malfunction has occured and
moisture is present
! Evidence of moisture present inside air mover
DO
! Check out motor, controls, wiring and connections
thoroughly before replacing motor
! Orient connectors down so water can't get in;
install "drip loops"
! Use authorized motor and control model numbers
for replacement
! Keep static pressure to a minimum:
– Recommend high efficiency, low static filters
! Replace motor and perform Moisture Check
! Perform Moisture Check
DON'T
! Automatically assume the motor is bad
! Locate connectors above 7 and 4 o'closk postions
! Replace one motor of control model number with another
(unless an authorized replacement)
! Use high pressure drop filters. Some have 1/2" H O drop!
2
! Use restricted returns
– Recommend keeping filters clean
– Design duct work for minimum static,
maximum comfort
– Look for and recommend duct work
improvement,where necessary, in replacement.
Manual 2100-317
Page 31
SYM PTOM
Motor starts but runs erratically
CAUSE / PROCEDURE
! Varies up and down or intermittent
! Check line voltage for variation or "sag"
! Check low voltage connections (G, Y, W, R, C) at motor;
unseated pins in motor harness connectors
! Check "Bk" for erratic CFM command (in variable speed
applications
! Check out system controls - thermostat?
! Perform Moisture Check
! "Hunts" or puffs" at high CRM (speed)
! Does removing panel or filter reduce "puffing"?
– Reduce restriction
– Reduce maximum airflow
! Stays at low CFM despite sysstem call for cool or
heat CFM
! Check low voltage (thermostat) wires and connections
! Verify fan is not in dalay mode - wait until delay is
complete
! "R" missing / not connected at motor
Perform motor / control replacement check
! Stays at high CFM
! "R" missing / not connected at motor
! Is fan in dalay mode? - wait until delay time complete
! Blower won't shut off
SYM PTON
Excessive noise
! Air Noise
! Current leakage from controls into G, Y or W?
– Check for Triac switched thermostat or solid state
relay
CAUSE / PROCEDURE
! Determine if it is air noise, cabinet, duct or motor noise .
Interview customer if necessry.
! High static creating high blower speed?
– Is airflow set properly?
– Does removing filter cause blower to slow down?
Check / replace filter
– Use low pressure drop filter
– Check / correct duct restirctions
DO
! Size the equpment wisely
! Check orientation before inserting motor
connectors
DON'T
! Oversize system then compensate with low airflow
! Plug in power connector backwards
! Force plugs
M OI STURE CHECK PROCEDURE
COM FORT CHECK PROCEDURE
! Connectors are oriented "down"
! Check proper airflow settings
! Arrange harnesses with "drip loop" under motor
! Low static pressure for lowest noise
! Condenste drain plugged?
! Set low continuous fan CFM
! Check for low airflow (too much latent capacity)
! Use humidistat and 2-speed cooling units
! Check for undercharged condition
! Use zoning controls designed for ICM that regulate CFM
! Check and plug leaks in reutrn ducts and cabinet
! Thermostat in bad location?
Manual 2100-317
Page 32
ACCESSORIES
ADD-ON DPM26A PUMP MODULE KIT
INSTALLATION
NOTE: This section applies only if a DPM26A Pump
Module is added. Refer to DPM26A instructions
for complete installation details.
1. Follow all local, state, and national codes applicable
to the installation of the pump module kit.
GENERAL
This high efficiency water source heat pump series was
designed with a refrigerant to water heat exchanger
commonly know as a desuperheater coil factory-installed
for ease in installing optional DPMA pump module kit.
The addition of this optional kit allows for heat recovery
for hot water heating when connected to a home water
heater. The amount of annual hot water supplied and thus
additional energy cost savings will depend on the amount
of hot water usage and the number of hours the heat
pump operates. This pump kit is suitable for potable
water.
2. Follow the installation instructions received with the
DPM26A pump module kit.
3. Connect the water lines between the unit, pump
module kit, and the water heater.
FIGURE 17
GSVS MODEL
DPM26A
WATER TO
WATER
HEATER
WATER TO UNIT
WATER FROM
WATER HEATER
SERVICE
SHUTOFF VALVES
SERVICE
SHUTOFF
VALVE
WATER FROM
PUMP KIT
MIS-1210
Manual 2100-317
Page 33
GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP
PERFORMANCE REPORT
This performance check report should be filled out by installer and retained with unit.
DATE
1.
TAKEN BY:
UNIT:
Mfgr
Model No.
S/N
THERMOSTAT:
Mfgr
Model No.
P/N
2.
Person Reporting
3.
Company Reporting
4.
5.
Installed By
User’s (Owner’s) Name
Address
6.
Unit Location
Date Installed
WATER SYSTEM INFORMATION
7.
Open Loop System (Water Well)
A.
8.
Closed Loop System
If Open Loop where is water discharged?
The following questions are for Closed Loop systems only
A.
Closed loop system designed by
B.
Type of antifreeze used
C.
System type:
D.
Pipe material
E.
Pipe Installed:
1. Horizontal
No. pipes in trench
2. Vertical
Manual 2100-317
Page 34
% Solution
Series
Parallel
Nominal Size
Total length of pipe
ft
Depth bottom pipe
ft
Total length of bore hole
ft
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS NEEDED
TO CHECK PERFORMANCE OF UNIT.
Cooling
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
FLUID SIDE DATA
Entering fluid temperature
Leaving fluid temperature
Entering fluid pressure
Leaving fluid pressure
Pressure drop through coil
Gallons per minute through the water coil
Liquid or discharge line pressure
Suction line pressure
Voltage at compressor (unit running)
Amperage draw at line side of contactor
Amperage at compressor common terminal
* Suction line temperature 6” from compressor
* Superheat at compressor
* Liquid line temperature at metering device
* Coil subcooling
INDOOR SIDE DATA
Dry bulb temperature at air entering indoor coil
Wet bulb temperature of air entering indoor coil
Dry bulb temperature of air leaving indoor coil
Wet bulb temperature of air leaving indoor coil
* Supply air static pressure (packaged unit)
* Return air static pressure (packaged unit)
Other information about installation
Cooling
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
** Heating
F
F
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG
GPM
PSIG
PSIG
V
A
A
F
F
F
F
** Heating
F
F
F
F
WC
WC
** When performing a heating test insure that 2nd stage heat is not activated
* Items that are optional
Manual 2100-317
Page 35
Manual 2100-317
Page 36
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