Alto | L-20 | User`s manual | Alto L-20 User`s manual

User's Manual
L-20
20-CHANNEL COMPACT INTEGRATED
LIVE SOUND MIXER WITH DIGITAL EFFECTS
R
LTO
www.altoproaudio.com
Version 1.0 October 2003
English
the recommended fuse type as indicated in this manual.
Do not short-circuit the fuse holder. Before replacing the
fuse, make sure that the product is OFF and disconnected
from the AC outlet.
SAFETY RELATED SYMBOLS
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
Protective Ground
This symbol, wherever used, alerts you to the presence of un-insulated and dangerous voltages within the product enclosure. These are voltages that
may be sufficient to constitute the risk of electric
shock or death.
Before turning the product ON, make sure that it is
connected to Ground. This is to prevent the risk of
electric shock.
Never cut internal or external Ground wires. Likewise,
never remove Ground wiring from the Protective Ground
Terminal.
This symbol, wherever used, alerts you to important operating and maintenance instructions.
Please read.
Operating Conditions
Always install in accordance with the manufacturer's
instructions.
Protective Ground Terminal
To avoid the risk of electric shock and damage, do not
subject this product to any liquid/rain or moisture. Do
not use this product when in close proximity to water.
AC mains (Alternating Current)
Hazardous Live Terminal
ON:
Denotes the product is turned on.
Do not install this product near any direct heat source.
OFF: Denotes the product is turned off.
Do not block areas of ventilation. Failure to do so could
result in fire.
Keep product away from naked flames.
WARNING
Describes precautions that should be observed to
prevent the possibility of death or injury to the user.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION
Read these instructions
Describes precautions that should be observed to
prevent damage to the product.
Follow all instructions
Keep these instructions. Do not discard.
Heed all warnings.
WARNING
Only use attachments/accessories specified by the
manufacturer.
Power Supply
Ensure that the mains source voltage (AC outlet) matches
the voltage rating of the product. Failure to do so could
Power Cord and Plug
result in damage to the product and possibly the user.
Unplug the product before electrical storms occur and
when unused for long periods of time to reduce the risk of
Do not tamper with the power cord or plug. These are
designed for your safety.
electric shock or fire.
If the plug does not fit your AC outlet seek advice from a
qualified electrician.
Do not remove Ground connections!
External Connection
Always use proper ready-made insulated mains
cabling (power cord). Failure to do so could result
in shock/death or fire. If in doubt, seek advice from
Protect the power cord and plug from any physical
stress to avoid risk of electric shock.
Do not place heavy objects on the power cord. This
could cause electric shock or fire.
a registered electrician.
Cleaning
Do Not Remove Any Covers
Within the product are areas where high voltages may
present. To reduce the risk of electric shock do not remove
any covers unless the AC mains power cord is removed.
When required, either blow off dust from the product or
use a dry cloth.
Do not use any solvents such as Benzol or Alcohol.
For safety, keep product clean and free from dust.
Covers should be removed by qualified service
personnel only.
Servicing
No user serviceable parts inside.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel only. Do
not perform any servicing other than those instructions
contained within the User's Manual.
Fuse
To prevent fire and damage to the product, use only
1
PREFACE
Dear Customer:
Thank you for choosing the LTO L-20 20-Channel Compact Integrated Live Sound Mixer with Digital Effects, which
is the result of our LTO AUDIO TEAM's endeavours.
For the
LTO AUDIO TEAM, music and audio are more than a profession, it is a passion and an obsession!
We have, in fact, been designing professional audio products for a number of years in cooperation with many of the
world's major brands.
The LTO line represents unparalleled analogue and digital products made by musicians, for musicians. With our
design centres in Italy, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom we provide you with world-class designs, while our
software development teams continue to develop an impressive range of audio specific algorithms.
By purchasing our LTO products you become the most important member of our LTO AUDIO TEAM. We would
like to share with you our passion for what we design and invite you to make suggestions, which will aid us in developing future products for you. We guarantee you our commitment for quality, continual research and development,
and of course the best prices.
The LTO L-20 is an extremely flexible, ultra-low noise 20-channel compact integrated live sound mixer with Digital
Effects, configured with 12 mono and 4 stereo input channels, each channel is equipped with a variety of key features
including a warm, natural sounding EQ, Peak LEDs and PAN/BAL control etc.. Besides, the L-20 is equipped with the
miraculous 24 bit digital stereo effect processor with 256 presets. Seeing is believing, let's meet the LTO L-20.
We would like to thank all the people who made the LTO L-20 20-Channel Compact Integrated Live Sound Mixer
with Digital Effects possible, especially to our designers and LTO staff. It is their passion for music and professional
audio that has made it possible for us to offer you, our most important team member, our continued support.
Thank you very much
LTO AUDIO TEAM
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................................................4
2. FEATURES...........................................................................................................................................................5
3. READY TO START?...............................................................................................................................................6
4. CONTROL ELEMENTS.......................................................................................................................................7
4.1
The MONO MIC/LINE Channels..................................................................................................................8
4.2
INPUT LEVEL Setting.................................................................................................................................8
4.3
MONO Channel INSERT.............................................................................................................................8
4.4
LOW-CUT FILTER......................................................................................................................................8
4.5
STEREO INPUTS........................................................................................................................................9
4.6
EQUALISER.................................................................................................................................................9
4.7
AUX SENDS Level Control........................................................................................................................10
4.8
PAN/BAL Control........................................................................................................................................10
4.9
SG/PEAK LED............................................................................................................................................10
4.10 MUTE Switch..............................................................................................................................................10
4.11 FADER ......................................................................................................................................................11
4.12 ASSIGNMENT Control......................................................................................................... .....................11
4.13 MASTER Section ......................................................................................................................................11
4.14 REAR PANEL Description .........................................................................................................................15
5. INSTALLATION AND CONNECTION.....................................................................................................................19
6. PRESET LIST........................................................................................................................................................21
7. SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAMS.............................................................................................................................28
8. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION..............................................................................................................................29
9. WARRANTY..........................................................................................................................................................31
3
1. INTRODUCTION
Thank you very much for expressing your confidence in LTO products by purchasing LTO L-20 20 Channel Compact
Integrated Mixer with Digital Effects. The L-20 is professional compact mixer. You will get the smooth, accurate more
natural and open sound from this apparatus, it is really ideal for large gigs, recording and fixed PA installations.
The L-20 20 Channel Compact Integrated Mixer with Digital Effects is packed with features that can not be found in other
consoles of its size: 14 mono (these are provided with Ultra Low Noise microphone pre-amplifiers and Phantom Power
at +48 Volt) and 4 stereo input channels, and each of them is provided with warm, natural EQ (channel1-12 are mono
channels and equipped with 3 band MID sweep EQ; channel 13-20 are stereo channels and equipped with 4 band fixed
frequency EQ); 24 bits digital stereo effect processor with 256 presets (16 presets 16 variations); 4-AUX sends; separate level control on each channel; highly accurate 12-segment bar graph meters; 2-Track inputs assignable to main
mix, control room / headphone outputs and subgroups output.
Your L-20 is very easy to operate but we advise you to go through each Section of this Manual carefully. In this way
you will get the best out of your L-20.
4
2. FEATURES
The L-20 20 Channel Compact Integrated Mixer with Digital Effects is designed for professional appliance. It will provide
the following features:
14 MIC input channels with gold plated XLRs and balanced LINE inputs
4 Stereo input channels with balanced TRS jacks
Ultra-low noise discrete Mic Preamps with +48V Phantom Power
Extremely high headroom offering more dynamic range
60mm high precision faders
Each input channel with Mute, SOLO function, Overload & signal present LEDs and low cut filters (except for stereo
channel)
SUB 1-2, SUB 3-4 and MAIN L-R signal assignment switch
4 AUX sends per channel: 2 PRE/POST faders switch-able for monitoring application and effects & sound processor
input; 2 POST faders for internal digital DFX or as external send
4-band fixed EQ on stereo line channels
3-band EQ with swept mid on microphone channels
Channel inserts and direct outputs on each mono channel plus main mix insert for flexible connection of outboard
equipment
24-bit DSP effect
256 effects (16 presets
16 variations)
Stereo 9-band graphic EQ
TNC socket for connecting lamp
Control room/phones matrix
2-TRACK IN assignable to main mix, control room/headphone outputs
Highly accurate 12 segment output level meters
5
3. READY TO START?
3.1 Please check the AC Voltage available in your Country before connecting your L-20 to the AC socket.
3.2 Be sure that the main power switch is turned off before connecting the Mixer to the AC socket. Also, you should
make sure that all Input and Output Controls are turned down. This will avoid damages to your speakers and avoid
excessive noise.
3.3 Before turning on the L-20 you shall connect it to a power amplifier and turn-on the mixer BEFORE the power amplifier.
Once you have finished your working session you shall turn the mixer off AFTER the power amplifier.
3.4 Before disconnecting the L-20 always turn-off the Power switch.
3.5 Do not use solvents to clean your L-20. A dry and clean cloth will be OK.
6
1
-
-
-
-
-15
0
0
0
0
MID
2
-60
-60
1
-30
-40
-30
-40
SOLO
-25
-20
-25
-10
-20
MAIN L-R
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
-10
-5
-5
SUB 3-4
0
5
5
0
10
dB
10
SUB 1-2
-
-
-
-
-15
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
dB
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
0
HI
12kHz
EQ
0
0
+15
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
-15
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
TRIM
2
BAL/UNBAL
TRIM
INSERT
1
BAL/UNBAL
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
3
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
-
-
-
-
-15
10
3
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
4
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
1
-
-
-
-
-15
10
4
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
MID
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
0
EQ
HI
12kHz
-
-
-
-
-15
10
5
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
0
+15
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
100Hz
-15
-15
5
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
6
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
1
-
-
-
-
-15
10
6
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
LINE IN 6
LINE IN 5
2
3
1
MIC 6
3
2
MIC 5
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
LINE IN 1
2
3
1
MIC 4
3
2
MIC 3
3
2
1
2
MIC 2
3
7
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
1
-
-
-
-
-15
10
7
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
LINE IN 7
2
MIC 7
3
8
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
1
-
-
-
-
-15
10
MID
9
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
-
-
-
-
-15
10
MID
-
-
-
-
-15
10
8
9
10
-60
-60
-60
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
0
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
100Hz
-15
-15
-30
-40
SOLO
10
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
1
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
-30
-40
SOLO
3
INSERT
-30
-40
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
EQ
HI
12kHz
2
MIC 10
LINE IN 10
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
1
-25
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
EQ
HI
12kHz
3
LINE IN 9
2
MIC 9
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
LINE IN 8
2
MIC 8
3
11
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
1
-
-
-
-
-15
10
11
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
LINE IN 11
2
MIC 11
3
12
TRIM
BAL/UNBAL
1
-
-
-
-
-15
10
12
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
PAN
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
FREQ
MID
HI
12kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
8kHz
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
800
100Hz
-15
-15
0
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
60dB MIC
0dB
+15dB -45dB LINE
INSERT
LINE IN 12
2
MIC 12
3
-
-
-
-
-15
10
13/14
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
HI
12kHz
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
BAL
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
MID-LOW
500Hz
HI-MID
3kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
-15 0
+15
1
-
-
-
10
15/16
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
0
0
0
0
0
EQ
HI
12kHz
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
BAL
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
MID-LOW
500Hz
HI-MID
3kHz
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
SG/PEAK
LEFT
4
3
2
-
-15
-15
-15 0
-15 0
0
0
60dB MIC
MIC
GAIN
14
RIGHT
BAL/UNBAL
LINE IN 16
0dB
1
LEFT
(MONO)
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
EQ
3
LINE IN 15
2
MIC 14
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
-15 0
-15
MIC
GAIN
13
RIGHT
60dB MIC
LINE IN 14
0dB
LEFT
(MONO)
1
BAL/UNBAL
LINE IN 13
2
MIC 13
-
-
-
-
-15
-15
10
17/18
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
BAL
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
MID-LOW
500Hz
HI-MID
3kHz
HI
12kHz
EQ
LINE
GAIN
17/18
RIGHT
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+20
SG/PEAK
0
0
0
0
0
-15 0
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
-15 0
-20
0
LINE IN 18
LEFT
(MONO)
-
-
-
-
-15
-15
10
19/20
-60
-30
-40
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
SOLO
MAIN L-R
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MUTE
BAL
DFX2
(INT)
DFX1
(EXT)
POST
PRE
AUX
LOW
80Hz
MID-LOW
500Hz
HI-MID
3kHz
HI
12kHz
EQ
LINE
GAIN
19/20
RIGHT
LEFT
(MONO)
RIGHT
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+15
+20
SG/PEAK
0
0
0
0
0
-15 0
LEFT
4
3
2
1
0
-15 0
-20
0
LINE IN 20
LINE IN 19
TAPE IN TAPE OUT
2-TRACK IN/OUT
LINE IN 17
R
L
B
A
-
-
-
-
0
0
LEFT
8K
16K
CTRL ROOM SOURCE
4K
+15
-15
+15
+15
-
-
+15
0 +15
+15
0
0 +15
RIGHT
LEFT
4-DFX2 RETURN
4
3
-
-
0
-
-
-25
-30
-40
-60
-30
-40
-60
-20
-25
-10
-20
-5
-5
-10
0
0
5
10
dB
10
-30
-40
-60
-30
-40
-60
-20
-10
-5
0
5
-25
SUB3
10
dB
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
SUBGROUPS
SUB2
10
dB
RIGHT
LEFT
MAIN MIX
SUB4
SUB 3/4
TO AUX
SEND2
TO AUX
SEND1
2TK TO MIX
2TK IN
SUB 3-4
SUB 1-2
MAIN MIX
MAX
PHONES
-30
-20
-10
-7
-4
-2
0
2
4
7
10
CLIP
MAX
CTRL ROOM
-
MAIN MIX
LEVEL
-30
-40
-60
-25
-20
-10
-5
0
5
dB
10
SOLO MODE
L
R
PFL
OUTPUT LEVEL
AFL
SOLO ACTIVE
LEVEL SET
AUX RETURNS SOLO
+15
+15
MAIN MIX
CTRL/R
0
0
SUB 1/2
2
1
SUBGROUPS ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
RIGHT
LEFT
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
2
1
STEREO AUX RETURNS
-15
0
-5
-10
-10
dB
5
2K
PWR
PHANTOM
0
+15
SUB1
RIGHT
SOLO
1K
STEREO GRAPHIC EQ
500
DSP MUTE
PEAK
4
5
6
+5
250
7
3
VARIATIONS
10 9 8
2
-5
0 +15
0
7
4
5
6
DFX2(INT) RETURNS
EFFECTS TO MONITOR
PRESETS
10 9 8
3
16 1
2
16 1
15
14
13
12
11
9. SPRING REVERB
10. MONO DELAY
11. STEREO DELAY
12. FLANGER
13. CHORUS
14. REVERB + DELAY
15. REVERB + FLANGER
16. REVERB + CHORUS
15
14
13
12
11
DIGITAL STEREO EFFECTS PROCESSOR
+10
4 - DFX2 SEND
4
3
2
1
AUX SENDS
EQ OFF
EQ ON
+15
AUX2
125
+15
AUX1
0
63
L-20
DIGITAL EFFECTS
1. VOCAL 1
2. VOCAL 2
3. LARGE HALL
4. SMALL HALL
5. LARGE ROOM
6. SMALL ROOM
7. PLATE
8. TAPE REVERB
24BITs
WITH
+5
-
-
0
R
+10
+15
+15
EFFECTS OUT
0
PHONES
LAMP
12V 0.5A
LTO
20 CHANNEL COMPACT INTEGRATED LIVE SOUND MIXER
8
8
3
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
7
8
MIC 1
4. CONTROL ELEMENTS
4. CONTROL ELEMENTS
1
4.1 The MONO MIC/LINE Channels
These are Channel 1 through Channel 12. You can connect balanced, low impedance microphones to the XLR socket. On the 1/4" phone jack you can
connect either a microphone or a line level instrument. You shall never connect
an unbalanced microphone to the XLR socket if you do not want to damage
both the Microphone and the Mixer.
48 Volt phantom power
MIC 1
2
1
3
4
1
LINE IN 1
It is available only to the XLR Mic sockets. Never plug in a microphone when
phantom power is already on. Before turning phantom power on, make sure
that all faders are all the way down. In this way you will protect your Stage
Monitors and Main Loudspeakers.
BAL/UNBAL
INSERT
3
2
4.2 INPUT LEVEL Setting
TRIM
This Control is provided with 2 different indication rings: One is
for the Microphone and the other for the Line levels. When you
use a microphone you shall read the OUTSIDE ring (0~60 dB);
When you use a Line level instrument you shall read the INSIDE
ring (+15~-45 dB). For optimum operation you shall set this control
in a way that the peak LED will blink occasionally in order to avoid
distortion on the input channel.
2
0dB
60dB MIC
+15dB -45dB LINE
LOW CUT
75Hz
18dB/Oct
5
3
4.3 MONO Channel INSERT
Insert points are provided for the Mono Mic Channels. When you
insert a TRS jack in the insert socket, the signal will be taken out
after the Input Gain Control (Trim), sent to an external processor
such as a compressor-limiter, and returned into the channel strip
immediately before the EQ section. Of course, the jacks used must
be stereo (Tip Send/Ring Return).
4.4 LOW-CUT FILTER
1
POWER
PHANTOM
ON
4
OFF
5
By pressing this button you will activate a 75 Hz low frequency filter with a slope of 18 dB per octave. You can use
this function to reduce hum and stage rumble when using microphones.
8
6
4.5 STEREO INPUTS
MIC 14
These are Channel 13 through 20. They are organised
in stereo pair (13/14 and 15/16 pairs also feature XLR
Mic inputs 13 and 14) and they are provided with 1/4"
TRS phone sockets.
2
1
3
If you connect only the left jack, the input will operate
in mono mode.
LINE IN 15
6
LINE IN 17
LEFT
(MONO)
LEFT
(MONO)
BAL/UNBAL
Your L-20 also provides the practical input level setting:
MIC GAIN (the adjustable range is from 0dB to 60dB)
for MIC 13/MIC 14 and LINE GAIN (the adjustable range is
from -20dB to +20dB) for LINE IN 17/18 and LINE IN 19/20.
LINE IN 16
LINE IN 18
RIGHT
RIGHT
0
MIC
GAIN
14
0dB
LINE
GAIN
17/18
-20
60dB MIC
+20
4.6 EQUALISER
The mono input channels (channel 1- channel 12) are equipped
with 3 band MID sweep EQ: HI band, MID band and LOW band;
And the stereo channels (channel 13-channel 20) are equipped
with 4 band fixed frequency equalization: HI band, HI-MID band,
MID-LOW band and LOW band. All bands provide up to 15dB
of boost or cut.
0
0
EQ
7
EQ
HI
12kHz
HI
12kHz
-15
0
-15 0
+15
+15
HI-MID
3kHz
MID
7
-15
8
This is the Treble control. You can use it to get rid of high
frequency noises or to boost the sound of cymbals or the
high harmonics of the human voice. The gain range goes
from -15dB to +15dB with a center frequency of 12 kHz.
800
+15
MID-LOW
500Hz
FREQ
100Hz
0
-15
8kHz
0
+15
LOW
80Hz
LOW
80Hz
-15
-15
+15
0
1
AUX
+15
0
1
AUX
-
+15
-
2
+15
POST
PRE
0
3
8
0
-
0
+15
+15
8
-
2
8
This is the Midrange control. It provides 15dB of boost or
cut, flat at the center detent and the FREQ knob sets the
center frequency, the adjustable range is from 100Hz to
8kHz. It can affect most fundamental frequencies of all
musical instruments and human voice. An attentive use of
this control will give you a very wide panorama of sound
effects.
8
8
-
4
0
DFX1
(EXT)
+15
-
4
0
+15
DFX2
(INT)
-
This control gives you up to 15dB boost or cut at 3kHz.
It is useful for controlling voice. It can accurately polish
your performance via adjusting this knob.
9
+15
-
8
9
8
DFX2
(INT)
4.6.3 HI-MID
+15
PAN
LEFT
RIGHT
POST
PRE
0
3
DFX1
(EXT)
8
4.6.2 MID
-15 0
+15
8
4.6.1 HI
BAL
LEFT
RIGHT
9
10
4.6.4 MID-LOW
This control gives you up to 15dB boost or cut at 500Hz.
0
4.6.5 LOW
0
EQ
11
EQ
HI
12kHz
HI
12kHz
This is the Bass control. Boost male voice or kickdrum and
bass guitar. Your system will sound much bigger than what
it is. The gain range goes from -15dB to +15dB and the center
frequency is 80 Hz.
-15
0
-15 0
+15
+15
HI-MID
3kHz
MID
-15
800
-15 0
+15
+15
MID-LOW
500Hz
FREQ
100Hz
12
0
LOW
80Hz
-
0
+15
-
8
-
2
-15
+15
2
POST
PRE
+15
-
0
+15
POST
PRE
+15
AUX3 and AUX4 are configured as POST-Faders.
0
3
12
0
3
DFX1
(EXT)
-
4
0
+15
-
8
DFX1
(EXT)
8
In this typical compact unit, excluding sending out directly to the
external effect or processor equipment, AUX SEND 4 can also be
assigned to the internal onboard effect module.
4
0
+15
DFX2
(INT)
+15
-
The PANORAMA control for MONO channels, and the BALANCE
control for STEREO channels. Rotate the control to determine the
amount of channel signal sent to left/right of MAIN MIX when Main
L-R push-button is pressed. Keep the control in center position
and your signal will be positioned in the middle of stage. Turn the
control fully counterclockwise, the signal will be present only on
the left of MAIN MIX and vice-versa.
Besides, the PAN or BAL control has the same affection to SUB
1-2 and SUB 3-4 if the SUB 1-2 or SUB 3-4 push-button is pressed.
BAL
13
LEFT
LEFT
RIGHT
SG/PEAK
15
MUTE
MUTE
10
10
dB
dB
5
5
SUB 1-2
0
SUB 1-2
0
-5
-5
SUB 3-4
-10
SUB 3-4
-10
-20
MAIN L-R
14
Inside your L-20 the audio signal is monitored in several different
stages and then sent to the SG/PEAK LED. When the LED shows
green, it indicates that there present signal on corresponding
channel; When the LED turns into red, it warns you that you are
reaching signal saturation and possible distortion, then you should
reduce the input level for avoiding distortion.
4.9 MUTE Switch
15
Each channel is equipped with the MUTE switch. Pressing this
switch is equal to turning the fader down, which can mute the
corresponding channel output except for the PRE AUX sends,
channel INSERT send and SOLO (in PFL mode), and the MUTE
LED will illuminate.
10
RIGHT
14
SG/PEAK
-20
4.9 SG/PEAK LED
+15
PAN
13
4.8 PAN/BAL Control
8
8
DFX2
(INT)
-
11
+15
8
AUX1 and AUX2 can be switched to PRE/POST-FADER via the
PRE/POST button, so, generally, they can be used for monitor
application and effects & sound processors input.
8
-15
These four controls are used to adjust the level of the signal sent
to AUX buses, and their adjustable range goes from - to +15dB.
10
+15
LOW
80Hz
8
4.7 AUX SENDS Level Control
0
-15
8kHz
MAIN L-R
-25
-25
-30
-40
-30
-40
-60
-60
SOLO
12
SOLO
13/14
4.10 FADER
16
This Fader will adjust the overall level of this channel and set the
amount of signal sent to the Main output or the corresponding
subgroup output.
SG/PEAK
SG/PEAK
MUTE
4.11 ASSIGNMENT Control
17
Each channel provides four push-buttons: SUB1-2, SUB3-4, MAIN
L-R and SOLO.
MUTE
10
10
dB
dB
5
5
16
SUB 1-2
SUB 1-2
0
0
-5
-5
SUB 3-4
Pressing the SOLO button, the corresponding SOLO LED will illuminate and the SOLO signal will replace other signals sent to the
headphone/CONTROL ROOM and meters.
Usually use the SOLO function in live work to preview channels
before they are let into the mix. It is useful to set an instrument's
input level and EQ, and you can also solo any channel that you
want to. The SOLO switch never affects any mix other than the
CONTROL ROOM.
SUB 3-4
-10
-10
-20
17
-20
MAIN L-R
MAIN L-R
-25
-25
-30
-40
-30
-40
-60
-60
SOLO
12
SOLO
13/14
The other three buttons can be considered as signal assignment
switches. Pressing the SUB 1-2 will assign the channel signal to
Subgroup1/2, you can depend on the PAN/BAL switch to adjust
the amount of channel signal sent to the SUB1 versus SUB2,
when turns the PAN/BAL to completely left, then the signal can be
only controlled by Subgroup1 and vice-versa.
In the same way, pressing the SUB 3-4 or MAIN L/R will assign the
channel signal to Subgroup3/4 or MAIN MIX L/R, and will also be
affected by PAN/BAL control.
4.12 MASTER Section
18
18
STEREO AUX RETURNS
AUX SENDS
0
1
0
1
1
2
-
2
0 +15
-
8
0 +15
SOLO
8
-
8
TO AUX
SEND1
2
0
MAIN MIX
-
+15
SUB 1-2
TO AUX
SEND2
Note: When any SOLO switch was engaged,
the SOLO signal will replace other signals,
and also be sent to the CONTROL ROOM,
PHONES and METERS.
-
+15
2TK IN
0
3
MAX
CTRL ROOM
8
+15
8
-
8
8
+15
MAX
PHONES
SUB 3-4
SOLO
-
0
3
CLIP
4
0
+15
SOLO
-
8
10
-
4
0 +15
MAIN MIX
CTRL/R
19
+15
SOLO
AUX RETURNS
SOLO
+15
4-DFX2 RETURN
4 - DFX2 SEND
7
2
0
-
8
8
-
2TK TO MIX
4
SUB 1/2
- PHONES/CTRL ROOM
CTRL ROOM SOURCE
0
8
You can choose to monitor any combination
of MAIN MIX, SUB1-2, SUB 3-4 and 2TK
IN via these MATRIX switches. Engaging
these switches, these stereo signals will
be delivered to the PHONES, CONTROL
ROOM and METERS display.
8
- CONTROL ROOM SOURCE
SUB 3/4
MAIN MIX
LEVEL SET
-2
-4
-7
Rotate these knobs to adjust the stereo
level of CTRL ROOM and PHONES outputs
separately, which can be varied from - to
MAX.
LEFT
LEFT
LEFT
LEFT
RIGHT
RIGHT
RIGHT
RIGHT
SOLO ACTIVE
-10
-20
-30
SUBGROUPS ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
11
SOLO MODE
L
R
PFL
OUTPUT LEVEL
AFL
19
20
21
22
AUX SENDS
When the external effect unit connected
to mixer has no input gain control, you can
get a further +15dB gain available form
these AUX SEND outputs.
23
STEREO AUX RETURNS
0
1
24
0
1
CTRL ROOM SOURCE
0
1
2
0 +15
-
2
0 +15
-
8
-
8
TO AUX
SEND1
SOLO
2
MAIN MIX
-
+15
0
SUB 1-2
TO AUX
SEND2
SUB 3-4
SOLO
20
-
0
3
+15
0
3
CLIP
0
SOLO
+15
-
8
-
4
0 +15
MAIN MIX
CTRL/R
2
SOLO
SUB 3/4
MAIN MIX
-2
LEVEL SET
-4
- Master STEREO AUX RETURNS
26
30
25
-7
LEFT
27
LEFT
LEFT
LEFT
SOLO ACTIVE
-10
-20
-30
RIGHT
RIGHT
RIGHT
RIGHT
SUBGROUPS ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
22
These four controls set the level of effects
that received from the stereo AUX RETURN
connectors, which can be varied from to +15dB. They are used to provide the
further gain for low level effects.
10
10
10
10
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
5
5
5
5
5
0
0
0
0
0
-5
-5
-5
-5
-5
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-20
-20
-20
-20
-20
-25
-25
-25
-25
-25
-30
-40
-60
-30
-40
-60
-30
-40
-60
-30
-40
-60
-30
-40
-60
SUB1
23
SOLO MODE
L
R
PFL
OUTPUT LEVEL
AFL
10
SUB2
SUB3
SUBGROUPS
- TO AUX SEND1/2
AUX RETURNS
+15
4-DFX2 RETURN
4 - DFX2 SEND
7
0
-
8
8
21
SOLO
+15
2TK TO MIX
4
SUB 1/2
-
The function of these SOLO buttons are
the same as the channel SOLO button,
they can also be affected by SOLO MODE
switch.
Press the SOLO button, the corresponding
AUX send will be routed to CTRL ROOM/
PHONES outputs and METERS display.
31
10
4
- SOLO
MAX
CTRL ROOM
8
+15
8
-
8
8
+15
2TK IN
8
As to the AUX4, it can also provide the
lovable level adjustment for the internal
effect signal.
-
MAX
PHONES
8
The four switches are used to determine
the master AUX SEND levels, which can
be varied from - to +15dB.
8
- Master AUX SENDS
28
SUB4
32
MAIN MIX
LEVEL
29
The both rotary knobs assign the AUX
RETURN signals to their respective AUX
SEND outputs: The TO AUX SEND1 assign
the signal from AUX RETURN1 to AUX
SEND1 bus, and TO AUX SEND2 assign
the signal from AUX RETURN2 to AUX
SEND2 bus.
The adjustable range goes from - to
+15dB.
- MAIN MIX / CTRL/R
24
AUX RETURN3 is equipped with the MAIN MIX / CTRL/R button. Release the button to send the stereo signal
from AUX RETURN3 to MAIN MIX buses; Engage the button, then the stereo signal will be sent to CTRL/R
output.
12
25
- SUB1-2/SUB3-4/MAIN MIX
These three buttons are configured for AUX RETURN4, they can be regarded as the signal assignment switches.
Engage the SUB1-2 button to assign the stereo signal from AUX RETURN4 to Submix1/2; in the same way,
SUB3-4 for Submix3/4, MAIN MIX for MAIN MIX buses.
26
- AUX RETURN SOLO
The function of AUX RETURN SOLO is like the channel SOLO button. Engaging it sends the signal from AUX
RETURN (1-4) to the CTRL OUT, PHONES outputs and METERS display. It can also be affected by SOLO
mode button, and the LED next the button will illuminate.
- SUBGROUPS ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
27
Through these switches, you can operate the subgroup faders as a master control for assigning the subgroups
to MAIN MIX. Engage the LEFT switch to send the corresponding subgroup signal to MAIN MIX L, and the RIGHT
switch for MAIN MIX R. When engaging the both switches, the signal will be sent to L/R of MAIN MIX.
- SUBGROUPS
28
These faders are used to control the levels of signals sent to the SUBGROUPS OUT, the adjustable range is
from - to +10dB. Any channel that is assigned to the subgroups, not muted and not turned down will be assigned to the SUB OUTS.
29
- MAIN MIX LEVEL
This fader sets the amount of signal sent either to the Main Mix Output sockets or to the Tape Output.
- LED METER
30
The stereo 12 segments LED Meter will indicate the signal level sent to CTRL ROOM and PHONE outputs.
- 2TK TO MIX
31
Engaging this switch allows you to combine the 2 TRACK Output with the MAIN MIX. In other words, feeds the
2TRACK IN signals into MAIN L/R output.
- SOLO MODE
32
This button provides two modes: up for PFL (Pre-Fader-Listen) mode, and down for AFL (After-Fader-Listen) mode.
Engage the button, the soloed signal will output following the LEVEL control, otherwise, release the button will
output the soloed signal before the level control
Please note that the SOLO function can never affect the mix at main recording output, and also can't be affected
by channel's MUTE switch.
13
- 24 BIT DIGITAL EFFECTS
33
37 38
Adjust this knob to select the right effect you wish
to perform. There are total 16 options for you: several
kinds of reverb, mono and stereo delay, effects with
modulation, and versatile two-effect combination.
33
0
0
8
+15
EFFECTS OUT
-
8
PRESETS
+15
AUX1
0
15
14
13
12
11
16 1
2
34 35 36 39 40
3
15
14
13
12
11
4
5
6
10 9 8
7
16 1
2
3
4
5
6
10 9 8
7
VARIATIONS
PRESETS
PWR
34
-
Since you have selected the preferable effect, the
next step, please go with the fine consideration,
there are also total 16 variations for each preset,
and each variation may be managed by several
different factors.
35
125
250
500
DSP MUTE
1K
2K
PEAK
4K
PHANTOM
8K
16K
+15
+15
+10
+10
+5
+5
0
0
-5
-5
-10
-10
-15
-15
STEREO GRAPHIC EQ
This switch is used to activate/deactivate the effect
facility. Sometimes, you can also use the DFX FOOT
SWITCH (on rear panel) for convenient operation.
PEAK LED
+15
AUX2
63
EQ OFF
EQ ON
MUTE switch
8
VARIATIONS
DFX2(INT) RETURN
EFFECTS TO MONITOR
41
42
36
This LED lights up when the input signal is too strong. In case of the digital effect module being muted, this LED
also lights up.
37
EFFECTS OUT
Rotate this knob to adjust the level of effect signal that intercepted from internal DSP processor and directly
sent to DFX OUT, which can be varied from - to +15dB.
38
DFX2(INT) RETURN EFFECTS TO MONITOR
These AUX1 and AUX2 controls are used to set the signal level from AUX RETURN4, which signal will be sent
to AUX SEND1 and AUX SEND2. The adjustable range can be varied from - to +15dB.
- POWER LED
39
The LED indicates when the Power is on in your L-20.
40
- PHANTOM LED
This LED indicates when the Phantom Power is switched on.
- EQ switch
41
Engage this button to add the stereo graphic EQ into the MAIN MIX output circuit. It can be used to modify the
frequency "contour" of a sound. If you release the button free, the stereo graphic EQ will be bypassed.
- STEREO GRAPHIC EQ
42
Each one of these faders will boost or attenuate (+/-15dB) the selected frequency at a preset bandwidth. When all
the sliders are in the centre position, the output of the equalizer is flat response.
14
43
- 2-TRACK IN/OUT
2-TRACK IN/OUT
TAPE IN
Use the Tape input if you wish to listen to your Mix from a Taper
Recorder or DAT. You can assign the signal coming from the
Taper Recorder either to a pair of studio monitor using the
Control Room assignment on the front panel or you can also
send the signal directly to the Main Mix.
L
LAMP
12V 0.5A
R
TAPE IN TAPE OUT
TAPE OUT
These RCA jacks will route the main mix into a tape recorder.
- LAMP
43
44
44
This lovable LAMP is very convenient for your operation, it is located in the top right corner of the front panel,
and provides the 12V socket that can drive any standard TNC-type lamp. Please use the customized gooseneck
lamps, the GL-SQ and GL-RO are both options.
PHONES
- PHONES
45
A
These sockets will send out the monitor signal to a pair of headphones.
45
B
4.12 REAR PANEL Description
- POWER ON/OFF switch
46
This switch is used to turn the Main Power ON and
OFF.
- PHANTOM ON/OFF switch
46
4
POWER
PHANTOM
4
This switch will apply +48 Volt Phantom Power only
to the 14 XLR microphone inputs. Never connect
microphones when the Phantom Power is on already.
ON
OFF
Use only with a 250V fuse
- AC inlet with fuse holder
47
Use it to connect your L-20 to the Main AC with the
supplied AC cord. Please check the Voltage available
in your Country and how the Voltage for your L-20
is configured before attempting to connect your L-20
to the Main AC.
AC INPUT
EUROPE
210-240V 50Hz
Fuse:T500mAL
RATED POWER CONSUMPTION: 70W
47
15
Apparaten skall anslutas
till jordat uttag nar den
ansluts till ett natverk
USA / Canada
100-120V
60Hz
Fuse:T800mAL
UK / Aust
240V
50Hz
Fuse:T500mAL
MAIN MIX OUTPUT (BAL/UNBAL)
AUX SENDS
MAIN INSERT
+4dBu
-30dBu
L
2
2
1
2
3
4
1
MAIN
OUTPUT
LEVEL
3
TIP SEND
RING RETURN
MONO
CTRL OUT
2
1
L
R
-
8
L
R
+15
AUX RETURNS
DFX OUT
0
R
1
3
4
L
L
L
L
L
R
R
R
R
R
3
FOOT SWITCH
(BAL/UNBAL)
48
49
50
52 51
53
55 54
57
56
48
- MAIN MIX OUTPUT
This stereo output is supplied with both the XLR and 1/4" phone sockets and it is controlled by the Main Mix
Level.
49
- MAIN OUTPUT LEVEL
This button sets the main mix output level to match the input of the device that you are ready to connect. Engage
this button to reduce the output level from MAIN MIX OUTPUT by 30dBu, it used to match the semipro -30dBu
device, on the contrary, to match the professional +4dBu device.
50
- MAIN INSERT
These two 1/4" phone sockets are stereo insert points and used to connect processors such as compressors,
equalisers etc.. When insert a external processor into the jack, the Main stereo signal will be taken out after the
EQ and returned into the MAIN MIX output before the MAIN MIX fader.
- MONO output
51
This 1/4" phone socket is balanced/unbalanced mono mix output connector, it can be regarded as a sum output
of the left and right of MAIN MIX.
52
- MONO level control
This knob sets the level of mono mix output signal, which can be varied from - CTRL OUT
to +15dB.
53
These 1/4" phone sockets will be used to send the control room signal to the Studio Monitor speakers or a second set of PA.
- DFX OUT
54
This 1/4" phone socket is used to output the effect signal that comes from internal DSP module and the signal
can be controlled in level by EFFECTS OUT control.
- FOOTSWITCH
55
This 1/4" phone socket can be used to connect an external footswitch to turn on/off the onboard effect module.
16
56
- AUX SENDS
These 1/4" phone sockets are used to send out the signal from the AUX Bus to external devices such as effects.
57
- AUX RETURNS
Use these stereo 1/4" phone sockets to return the sound of an effect unit to the Main Mix.
You can also use them as an extra auxiliary input.
58
DIRECT OUTS (BAL/UNBAL)
CH12
CH11
CH9
CH10
CH8
CH7
CH6
CH5
CH4
CH3
CH2
CH1
SUBGROUPS OUT
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
SUBGROUPS INSERT
60
- DIRECT OUTS
59
58
Each MONO MIC/LINE channel (CH1-CH12) is equipped the 1/4" phone socket for direct output. These jacks
are used to send the signal from the channel path to external device for recording function etc..
- SUBGROUPS OUT
59
These 1/4" phone sockets are used to connect the inputs of deck or available for a complicated PA live sound
system. You will find it is the best tool when you operate the SUBGROUPS OUT.
- SUBGROUPS INSERT
60
These 1/4" phone sockets are insert points. They are used to connect processors such as compressor, limiter,
EQ etc.. When insert external processor into these jacks, the subgroup stereo signal will be taken out, then
returned to before subgroups fader. Of course, these jacks used must be stereo (Tip Send/Ring Return).
17
5. INSTALLATION AND CONNECTION
Ok, you have got to this point and you are now in the position to successfully operate your L-20. However, we advise
you to read carefully the following section to be the real Master of your own Mix. Not paying attention enough to the
input signal level, to the routing of the signal and the assignment of the signal will result in unwanted distortion, a
corrupted signal or no sound at all. So you should follow this procedure for every single channel:
Turn down all Input and Output Gain Controls.
Connect phantom powered microphones before switching on the +48Volt Phantom Power switch.
If you have a power amplifier connected to your L-20 set the Level of the amplifier at no more than 75%.
Now, set the CONTROL ROOM/PHONES level at no more than 50%. In this way you will be able to hear later
what you are doing connecting a pair of headphones or a pair of powered studio monitor speakers.
Position EQ controls on middle position.
Position panoramic (PAN) control on center position.
With a headphone or studio monitor speakers connected apply a Line Level input signal so that the PEAK LED
does not light up.
At this point increase the input gain so that the PEAK LED will blink occasionally. In this way you will maintain
good headroom and ideal dynamic range.
Now connect a microphone and ask the singer to sing loud into the microphone. Turn slowly the Gain Control
clockwise and have the PEAK LED blink only occasionally.
Now repeat the same sequence for all input channels. The Main LED Meter could move up into the red section.
In this case you can adjust the overall output level through the MAIN MIX control.
18
5.1 SOME FINAL TIPS ON WIRING CONFIGURATION
You can connect unbalanced equipment to balanced inputs and outputs. Simply follow these schematics.
Ring=Right Signal
Tip
Sleeve
Ring
Strain Clamp
Tip=Left Signal
Sleeve=Ground/Screen
Use for Headphone
1/4" Stereo (TRS) Jack Plug
Sleeve
Tip
Tip=Signal
Strain Clamp
Sleeve=Ground/Screen
Use for Mono Line In, Mono 1/4"Jack Plugs
1/4" Mono (TS) Jack Plug
Sleeve
Ring=Return Signal
Tip
Ring
Strain Clamp
Tip=Send Signal
Sleeve=Ground/Screen
Use for Insert Points
1/4" Stereo (TRS) Jack Plug
2=Hot(+)
2
1
3
2=Hot(+)
1=Ground/Screen
3=Cold(-)
2
1
3
1=Ground/Screen
3=Cold(-)
Use for Balanced Mic Inputs
(For unbalanced use, connect pin 1 to 3)
Use for Main output
(For unbalanced use, leave pin 3 unconnected)
3-pin XLR Male Plug
3-pin XLR Line Socket
(seen from soldering side)
(seen from soldering side)
19
Ring=Return Signal (Connected together)
To Channel Insert
Sleeve=Ground/Screen
Tip=Signal
To Tape or FX Input
Sleeve=Ground/Screen
'Tapped' Connection Direct Output Lead
(Enables the Insert to be used as a Direct Output
while maintaining the channel signal flow)
To Processor Input
Sleeve=Ground/Screen
Tip=Send Signal
Tip
To Channel Insert
Sleeve
Ring=Return Signal
Ring
To Processor Output
-Stereo lead for insert Connection
(To be used when the processor does not employ a
single jack connection for the In/Out Connections)
20
6. PRESET LIST
01. VOCAL1
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Pre-delay
84
30
0
55
10
79
45
45
25
0
45
114
40
50
45
55
Rev Time
1.00
1.00
4.50
3.60
1.20
3.60
0.8
1.50
2.40
0.90
1.50
1.00
1.00
2.10
4.50
1.70
Room Size
39
8
10
11
9
8
41
41
9
41
10
45
9
10
11
Rev. Type
Hall
Tape
Spring
Plate
Spring
Hall
Plate
Plate
Spring
Tape
Plate
Hall
Spring
Tape
Plate
Plate
Hi Damp
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
Pre-delay
114
45
79
10
55
0
30
84
55
45
50
40
114
45
0
25
Rev Time
1.00
0.80
3.60
1.20
3.60
4.50
1.00
1.00
1.70
4.50
2.10
1.00
1.00
1.50
0.90
2.40
Room Size
10
41
8
9
11
10
8
39
11
41
9
45
10
41
41
9
Rev. Type
Spring
Plate
Hall
Spring
Plate
Spring
Tape
Hall
Plate
Plate
Tape
Spring
Hall
Plate
Tape
Spring
Hi Damp
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
-12
Pre-delay
55
55
40
40
50
50
27
27
Rev Time
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.40
4.50
4.50
4.50
4.50
Room Size
45
45
35
35
43
43
33
33
Hi Damp
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
Rev level
79
79
78
78
82
82
82
82
02. VOCAL2
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
03. LARGE HALL
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
21
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
50
50
27
27
45
45
23
23
4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
3.60
3.60
3.60
3.60
42
42
32
32
41
41
30
30
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
82
82
82
82
88
88
88
88
Pre-delay
45
45
23
23
40
40
20
20
40
40
20
20
40
40
20
20
Rev Time
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
Room Size
39
39
28
28
38
38
27
27
37
37
26
26
36
36
25
25
Hi Damp
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
Rev level
92
92
92
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Pre-delay
55
55
40
40
50
50
27
27
50
50
27
27
45
45
23
23
Rev Time
4.50
4.50
4.50
4.50
4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
3.60
3.60
3.60
3.60
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
Room Size
20
20
11
11
19
19
11
11
18
18
10
10
18
18
10
10
Hi Damp
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
Rev level
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
82
88
88
88
88
88
88
88
88
04. SMALL HALL
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
05. LARGE ROOM
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
22
06. SMALL ROOM
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Pre-delay
45
45
23
23
40
40
20
20
40
40
20
20
40
40
20
20
Rev Time
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
Room Size
17
17
9
9
17
17
9
9
16
16
8
8
16
16
8
8
Hi Damp
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
Pre-delay
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
Rev Time
6.10
5.40
4.50
4.00
3.60
2.90
2.40
2.10
1.70
1.50
1.30
1.20
1.00
0.80
0.70
0.60
Room Size
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
Hi Damp
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
-2.08
Pre-delay
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
Rev Time
5.4
5.4
4.50
4.50
4
4
3.60
3.60
Room Size
38
38
35
35
31
31
28
28
Hi Damp
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
Rev level
92
92
92
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
07. PLATE
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
08. TAPE REVERB
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
23
Rev level
79
79
79
79
84
84
84
84
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3.60
3.60
2.90
2.90
2.10
2.10
1.30
1.30
23
23
23
23
21
21
21
21
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
92
92
92
92
100
100
100
100
Pre-delay
35
35
30
30
30
30
30
84
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Rev Time
5.4
5.4
4.50
4.50
4
4
3.60
3.60
2.90
2.90
2.40
2.40
1.70
1.70
1.30
1.30
Room Size
35
35
33
33
30
30
28
28
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
Hi Damp
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
-0.96
-12.00
Rev level
79
79
79
79
87
87
87
87
92
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
Delay
650
625
600
577
555
535
517
500
484
461
448
434
350
250
100
60
F.B.
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
65
0
0
09. SPRING REVERB
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
10. MONO DELAY
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
24
11. STEREO DELAY
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Delay
400
375
352
326
312
300
288
277
267
258
250
241
238
230
222
214
Right Delay
200
187
176
163
156
150
144
138
133
129
125
120
119
115
111
107
Left F.B.
51
51
40
40
40
40
40
40
30
38
37
36
36
37
38
37
Right F.B.
72
72
72
72
72
72
66
66
66
73
73
73
73
74
73
73
Mod. Freq
2.79
2.52
2.33
2.25
2.10
1.99
1.75
1.61
1.34
1.22
1.00
0.80
0.65
0.54
0.42
0.16
Pitch. Depth
30
40
40
40
40
40
40
50
50
70
70
70
70
70
70
70
Left F.B.
38
42
38
38
42
38
42
38
42
58
62
62
58
68
68
68
Right F.B.
42
38
42
42
38
42
38
42
38
62
58
58
62
72
72
72
Pitch. Depth
15
15
15
15
30
30
30
30
30
40
IHFR
-3(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
-4(0)
12. FLANGER
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
13. CHORUS
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Mod. Freq.
5.00
4.74
4.39
4.12
3.90
3.67
3.32
3.02
2.87
2.63
25
2.33
1.99
1.70
1.35
1.00
0.50
11
12
13
14
15
16
40
40
40
40
70
70
-3(0)
-3(0)
-3(0)
-2(0)
-2(0)
-2(0)
14. REVERB+DELAY
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Rev Time
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.10
2.10
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.00
1.00
Room Size
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
Left Delay
375
326
300
277
258
241
230
211
375
326
300
277
258
241
230
211
Right Delay
187
163
150
138
129
120
115
107
187
163
150
138
129
120
115
107
Left F.B.
48
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
48
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
Right F.B.
82
67
67
67
60
49
49
49
82
67
67
67
60
49
49
49
Rev level
80%
80%
80%
80%
80%
80%
80%
80%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
15. REVERB+FLANGER
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Rev Time
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.00
1.00
Room Size
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
Mod. Freq.
2.52
2.25
1.99
1.61
1.22
0.80
0.54
0.16
2.52
2.25
1.99
1.61
1.22
0.80
0.54
0.16
26
Pitch. Depth
40
40
40
50
70
70
70
70
40
40
40
50
70
70
70
70
Left F.B.
40
40
40
40
60
60
70
70
40
40
40
40
60
60
70
70
Rev level
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
16. REVERB+CHORUS
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Rev Time
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.90
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.00
1.00
Room Size
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
26
Mod. Freq.
4.74
4.12
3.67
3.02
2.63
1.99
1.35
0.50
4.74
4.12
3.67
3.02
2.63
1.99
1.35
0.50
27
Pitch. Depth
40
40
40
40
40
40
70
70
40
40
40
40
40
40
70
70
Left F.B.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Rev level
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
90%
28
A
B
C
1
LEFT(MONO)
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
+
-
+
-
75Hz
HI PASS
DFX OUT
RIGHT
LEFT(MONO)
R
T
S
STEREO AUX RTN4
RIGHT
LEFT(MONO)
STEREO AUX RTN3
RIGHT
LEFT(MONO)
STEREO AUX RTN2
RIGHT
LEFT(MONO)
STEREO AUX RTN1
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
2
DSP FOOTSWITCH
MUTE
VARIATIONS
PRESETS
FX OUT R
FX OUT L
+
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
3
500
3K 12K
500
3K 12K
DSP BOARD
LEVEL
LEVEL
LEVEL
DFX TO
MONITOR
LEVEL
4-BAND EQ
+/-15db
80
4-BAND EQ
+/-15db
80
LO L-M M-H HI
SG/OL
-20dB=SG(FLICKER)
+15dB=OL(GLOW)
STEREO TRIM
CH 'S17/18/19/20 ONLY
GAIN
(TRIM)
-20dB=SG(FLICKER)
+15dB=OL(GLOW)
DIRECT OUT
(CH1-CH12 ONLY)
STEREO INPUT CHANNELS (CH13-20)
RIGHT
2
3
1
CH13/14 &
CH15/16 ONLY
MIC IN
PHANTOM
POWER
+48V
5e S
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
SG/OL
CH2-CH12 IDENTICAL TO CH1
LINE OUT
75Hz
HI PASS
3c R
4d RN
2b TN
1a T
HI
3-BAND EQ
+/-15db
MID
LO (FREQ)
80 100Hz-8kHz 12K
GAIN
(TRIM)
5e S
INSERT
MIC GAIN:0~60dB
LINE IN TRIM:+15dB~-45dB
2
3
1
-
+
D
CH1
LINE IN
CH1
MIC IN
PHANTOM
POWER
+48V
3
-
2
+
1
DFX TO
MONITOR
MUTE
MUTE
4
AUX3
AUX4
AUX2
AUX1
PAN
ASSIGN
SOLO
( ON
)
ASSIGN
5
AUX RTN4
ASSIGN TO
SOLO
( ON
)
DFX SEND
SUB4
SUB3
SUB2
SUB1
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
CTRL-R-R
RIGHT-BUS
CTRL-R-L
LEFT-BUS
SOLO(PFL)
AFL-R
AFL-L
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
AUX2
AUX1
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
AUX4
AUX3
AUX2
AUX1
SUB4
SUB3
SUB2
SUB1
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
SOLO(PFL)
AFL-R
AFL-L
AUX4
AUX3
AUX2
AUX1
SOLO(PFL)
AFL-R
AFL-L
SUB4
SUB3
SUB2
SUB1
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
6
6
EFX SEND
CTRL/L
CTRL/R
DFX SEND
CTRL/L
CTRL/R
AFL-L
AFL-R
SOLO(PFL)
LOGIC
AFL-L
AFL-R
SOLO(PFL)
LOGIC
AUX1
AUX2
AUX3
AUX4
AUX1
AUX2
AUX3
AUX4
SUB1
SUB2
SUB3
SUB4
SUB1
SUB2
SUB3
SUB4
LEFT-BUS
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
RIGHT-BUS
5
AUX RETURN
SOLO
SOLO LED
AUX2
AUX1
BALANCE
SOLO LED
AUX2
DFX RETURN TO
AUX1
ASSIGN TO
C-R/PHONES
PRE
POST
FADER
AUX3
AUX4
PRE
POST
SOLO
( ON
)
SOLO LED
FADER
4
MAIN MIX
2TK
SUB1 TO MIX
2TK TO MAIN
GEQ
GEQ
7
SOLO(PFL)
AFL R
AFL-R
SOLO(PFL)
AFL L
AFL-L
CTRL-R-R
CTRL-R-L
FROM SUB4
FROM SUB3
FROM SUB2
AUX SEND1
LEVEL
8
PFL LED
(LEVEL SET)
SOLO MODE
8
( AFL
)
( PFL
)
SUB3/4
SUB1/2
SUB1
LEVEL
MAIN MIX
LEVEL
AUX SEND 4
LEVEL
(AUX SEND 2/3 IDENTICAL)
EQ ON
SOLO CTRL
SOLO
( ON
)
SOLO
( ON
)
CONTROL ROOM SOURCE
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
SUB1
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
RIGHT-BUS
LEFT-BUS
DFX SEND
SOLO(PFL)
AFL-R
AFL-L
AUX4
SOLO(PFL)
AFL-R
AFL-L
AUX1
7
PHONES
LEVEL
MONO LEVEL
9
CTRL ROOM
LEVEL
RIGHT
LEFT
2TK TAPE IN
9
10
10
5e
5e
AUX SEND 4
2
3
1
5e
R
T
S
R
T
S
R
T
S
R
T
S
LEFT
PHONE B
PHONE A
11
RIGHT
LEFT
Date:
File:
Size
A1
Titel
SUB1 INSERT
SUB1
RIGHT
PHONES OUTPUT
SOLO ACTIVE
S 5e
3c
R
T
S
SUB OUT
2TK
5e
RN 4d
TN 2b
T 1a
S
TAPE OUT
MAIN INSERT
R 3c
RN 4d
TN 2b
1a
T
S
MAIN MIX RIGHT
MAIN MIX LEFT
MAIN INSERT
R
T
S
2
3
1
MAIN OUT
5e
R
T
S
R 3c
RN 4d
TN 2b
1a
T
S
R 3c
RN 4d
TN 2b
1a
T
MONO OUTPUT
S
R 3c
RN 4d
TN 2b
1a
T
12
L-16 MAP.Sch
11-Jun-2003
L-20 BLOCK DIAGRAM
Model No:
12
1o f 1
Sheet
KEVIN LIN.
Drawn By:
Revision
VER030125
BLOCK DIAGRAM
ALTO L- 20
ALTO MIXING CONSOLE
AUX SEND 1/2/3
AUX/DFX SEND
S
CTRL ROOM OUTPUT
RIGHT METER
LEFT METER
2TK TO MAIN
+4dB/MIC
+4dB/MIC
AUX SEND
R 3c
RN 4d
TN 2b
1a
T
11
A
B
C
D
7. SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAMS
8. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
Mono input channels
Microphone input
Frequency response
Distortion (THD & N)
Gain range
SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio)
Line input
Frequency response
Distortion (THD & N)
Sensitivity range
electronically balanced, discrete input configuration
10Hz to 55kHz, + 3dB
0.005% at + 4dBu, 1kHz
0dB to 60dB (MIC)
Line input
Frequency response
Distortion (THD & N)
Balanced/unbalanced
10Hz to 55kHz, + 3dB
0.005% at +4dBu, 1kHz
Microphone input
Channel Insert return
All other inputs
Tape out
All other output
1.4kOhm
2.5kOhm
10kOhm or greater
1kOhm
120Ohm
Hi shelving
Mid bell (mono)
Hi Mid (stereo)
Mid low (stereo)
Low shelving
Low Cut filter
+ 15dB @12kHz
+ 15dB @100Hz to 8kHz
+ 15dB @ 3kHz
+ 15dB @500Hz
+ 15dB @80Hz
75Hz, 18dB/oct.
A/D and D/A converters
DSP resolution
Type of effects
24 bit
24 bit
Hall, Room, Vocal & Plate REVERBS
Mono & Stereo DELAY (max DELAY TIME 650ms)
Chorus, Flanger & Reverb MODULATIONS
REVERB+DELAY, REVERB+CHORUS,
REVERB+FLANGER combinations
256
16-position PRESET Selector
16-position VARIATION selector
115dB
electronically balanced
10Hz to 55kHz, + 3dB
0.005% at + 4dBu, 1kHz
+15dBu to 45dBu
Stereo input channels
Impedances
Equalization
DSP Section
Presets
Controls
PEAK LED
MUTE SWITCH with LED indicator
Main Mix Section
Noise (Bus noise)
Fader 0 dB, channels muted: 100dBr (ref.:+4dBu)
Fader 0dB, all input channels assigned and set to
UNITY gain: 90dBr (ref.:+4dBu)
+22dBu balanced XLR,
+22dBu unbalanced, 1/4" jacks
Max output
AUX Returns gain range
AUX Sends max out
- to +15dB
+22dBu
29
Power supply
Main voltage
USA/Canada
Europe
100 120V~, 60Hz
210 240V~, 50Hz
U.K./Australia
240V~, 50Hz
70 watts
100 120V~ : T800mAL
210 240V~ : T500mAL
Standard IEC receptacle
Power Consumption
Fuse
Main connection
Physical
Dimension (W
D
495mm 630mm 40/117mm
(19.48" 24.79" 1.55"/4.6")
9.3Kg (20.52lb)
H)
Net weight
30
9. WARRANTY
1. WARRANTY REGISTRATION CARD
To obtain Warranty Service, the buyer should first fill out and return the enclosed Warranty Registration Card within
10 days of the Purchase Date.
All the information presented in this Warranty Registration Card gives the manufacturer a better understanding of
the sales status, so as to purport a more effective and efficient after-sales warranty service.
Please fill out all the information carefully and genuinely, miswriting or absence of this card will void your warranty
service.
2. RETURN NOTICE
2.1 In case of return for any warranty service, please make sure that the product is well packed in its original shipping
carton, and it can protect your unit from any other extra damage.
2.2 Please provide a copy of your sales receipt or other proof of purchase with the returned machine, and give detail
information about your return address and contact telephone number.
2.3 A brief description of the defect will be appreciated.
2.4 Please prepay all the costs involved in the return shipping, handling and insurance.
3. TERMS AND CONDITIONS
3.1
LTO warrants that this product will be free from any defects in materials and/or workmanship for a period
of 1 year from the purchase date if you have completed the Warranty Registration Card in time.
3.2 The warranty service is only available to the original consumer, who purchased this product directly from the
retail dealer, and it can not be transferred.
3.3 During the warranty service, LTO may repair or replace this product at its own option at no charge to you for
parts or for labor in accordance with the right side of this limited warranty.
3.4 This warranty does not apply to the damages to this product that occurred as the following conditions:
Instead of operating in accordance with the user's manual thoroughly, any abuse or misuse of this product.
Normal tear and wear.
The product has been altered or modified in any way.
Damage which may have been caused either directly or indirectly by another product / force / etc.
Abnormal service or repairing by anyone other than the qualified personnel or technician.
And in such cases, all the expenses will be charged to the buyer.
3.5 In no event shall LTO be liable for any incidental or consequential damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above exclusion or limitation may not apply to you.
3.6 This warranty gives you the specific rights, and these rights are compatible with the state laws, you may also
have other statutory rights that may vary from state to state.
31
SEIKAKU TECHNICAL GROUP LIMITED
No. 1, Lane 17, Sec. 2, Han Shi W. Road, Taichung, 401 Taiwan
http://www.altomobile.com Tel: 886-4-22313737
email: info@altomobile.com Fax: 886-4-22346757
All rights reserved to ALTO Mobile. Due to continued development in response to
customer feedback, product features, specifications and/or internal/external design may be
changed without prior notice. No photocopying, translation or reproduction of any part of this user
manual is allowed without prior written permission.Copyright c 2004 Seikaku Technical Group Limited.
NF01494-1.0
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