Briggs & Stratton | 580447 | Repair manual | Briggs & Stratton 580447 Repair manual

REPAIR MANUAL
For 3 Cylinder LiquidĆCooled Diesel Engines
FORM MS-1055-5/02
 2002 BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU LLC
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
FOREWORD
The information, procedures and specifications provided in this repair manual are current as of the date of
publication and subject to change without notice. Appropriate changes will be included in the next revision of this
manual.
Note: Manufacturing standards may vary from service specifications. Always refer to the service procedures and
specifications in this manual when engine service is required.
GENERAL REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Before attempting a B&SD engine overhaul or a tune-up, it is necessary that your shop be equipped with proper tools,
equipment and mechanics who are thoroughly familiar with Briggs & Stratton engine design and construction. With
your shop thus equipped, this book will serve as a guide in performing the various steps necessary to do a complete
and satisfactory job. Use only genuine replacement parts. Always use recommended service tools.
This engine is designed and manufactured using metric dimensions. The English equivalents provided may have been
rounded up or down to the closest numerical interpretation of the metric dimension.
The terms Inspect, Check, Test and Replace are used as follows:
INSPECT – Visual inspection – look for signs of wear, scoring, cracks, stripped threads, etc.
CHECK – Measure by means of plug gauges, micrometer, feeler gauges, scale, etc.
TEST – Analyze with proper test equipment.
REPLACE – This usually means to take off the old part and reassemble it or replace it with a new one.
Disassembly
As engine is being disassembled, mark parts which are part of an assembly, to prevent interchanging. Arrange parts in
an orderly manner, keeping parts which are an assembly together.
Visually inspect each part as it is removed – look for signs of wear, scoring, cracks, stripped threads, etc.
Inspection and Measurement
Carefully check parts that can be reconditioned and/or reused.
Replace any parts that are not within specification.
Clean parts to be reused
Clean or wash disassembled parts.
Assemble
Use a torque wrench to torque bolts and nuts to required specifications.
Replace all gaskets, cotter pins, oil seals and O-rings.
ABBREVIATIONS
Abbreviation
Meaning
Abbreviation
Meaning
ASSY
Assembly
OD
Outside Diameter
BDC
Bottom Dead Center
OPT
Optional
DT
Diesel Turbocharger
O/S
Oversize
EX
Exhaust
RH
Right Hand
ID
Inside Diameter
SAE
IN
Intake
Society of Automotive
Engineers
LH
Left Hand
T/C
Turbocharger
MP
Multi-purpose
TDC
Top Dead Center
U/S
Undersize
Copyright "2002 by Briggs & Stratton Corporation
All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced or
transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage
and retrieval system, without permission in writing from Briggs &
Stratton Corporation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
See Pages II and III for Section Contents
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 1
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 2
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 3
FLYWHEEL AND REAR SEAL RETAINER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 4
CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 5
CYLINDER BLOCK INSPECTION AND REPAIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 6
CRANKSHAFT, CAMSHAFT AND BEARINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 7
PISTON, RINGS AND CONNECTING ROD
INSPECTION AND ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 8
CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 9
FUEL SYSTEM AND RELATED COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 11
LUBRICATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 12
COOLING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 13
TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 14
I
SECTION CONTENTS
1
Section 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
Engine Identification
In The Interest Of Safety
Engine Views
Engine Specifications And Data
Fastener Specifications
Briggs & Stratton Numerical Number System
Maintenance Schedule
2
Section 2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
Remove Cylinder Head
Disassemble Cylinder Head
Inspect And Repair
Cylinder Head
Valve Guides
Valves
Disassemble Rocker Arm Shaft
Assemble Rocker Arm Shaft
Assemble Cylinder Head
Install Cylinder Head
Adjust Valves
3
Section 3
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE
Remove Timing Gear Cover And Gears
Checking Gears
Remove Gear Case
Replace Timing Gear Cover Oil Seal
Assemble Timing Gear Case And Gears
4
Section 4
FLYWHEEL AND REAR SEAL RETAINER
Removing Flywheel And Rear Seal Retainer
Replacing Oil Seal
Installing Rear Seal Retainer And Flywheel
Install Oil Pan
5
Section 5
CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY
Engine Stand Fixture
Cylinder Block Disassembly
II
6
Section 6
CYLINDER BLOCK INSPECTION AND
REPAIR
Checking Cylinder Block
Replacing Camshaft Bearing
Replacing Camshaft Plug
7
Section 7
CRANKSHAFT, CAMSHAFT AND BEARINGS
Checking Crankshaft
Checking Main Bearing Clearances
Checking Connecting Rod Bearing Clearances
Checking Crankshaft End Play
Checking Camshaft
8
Section 8
PISTON, RINGS AND CONNECTING ROD
INSPECTION AND ASSEMBLY
Disassemble Piston And Connecting Rod
Checking Piston And Rings
Checking Piston Pin And Connecting Rod
Assemble Piston And Connecting Rod
Assemble Piston Rings To Piston
9
Section 9
CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLY
Install Crankshaft
Install Pistons And Connecting Rods
General Assembly
Oil Pickup Tube
Rear Seal Retainer And Starter Motor
Flywheel
Install Timing Gear Case, Camshaft And
Gears
Install Oil Pan
Install Alternator
10
Section 10
FUEL SYSTEM AND RELATED
COMPONENTS
General Information
Injector Pump Timing Specifications
Checking Injector Pump Timing
SECTION CONTENTS (cont’d)
Adjusting Injector Pump Timing
Injectors
Remove Injectors
Checking Injectors
Install Injectors
Fuel Filter – General
Draining Water Collector
Change Fuel Filter
Fuel Shut-Off Solenoid
Checking Fuel Shut-Off Solenoid
Wiring
Injector Pump Identification
Engine Speed Identification Chart
Adjust Idle Speed
Adjust Top No Load Speed
11
Section 11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
Electrical System Components
Glow Plug System
Glow Plug Specifications
Remove Glow Plugs
Test Equipment
Testing Glow Plug
Preheat Timer And Glow Relay
Testing Preheat Timer
Testing Glow Relay
Keyswitches
Charging Systems
14 Amp Charging System
Test Equipment
Testing Alternator – AC Output
Testing Regulator-Rectifier – DC
Output
Testing Charge Indicator Bulb And
Wiring
40 Amp Charging System
Test Equipment
Testing Alternator – DC Output
Disassemble Alternator
Checking Bearings
Install Ball Bearing
Check Brushes
Check Regulator
Check Rectifier
Assemble Alternator
Starter System
Starter Current Draw Test – Installed
Test Equipment
Testing Starter
Starter Current Draw Test – No Load
Testing Starter (No Load)
Starter Solenoid
Equipment To Test Solenoid
Testing Solenoid
Remove Solenoid
Check Pinion And Clutch Assembly
Assemble Pinion And Clutch Assembly
Install Solenoid
Install Solenoid Contacts And Plunger
Disassemble Starter Motor
Inspect Armature Commutator
Inspect Brushes
Replace Brushes
Assemble Starter Motor
Wiring Diagrams
40 Amp Wiring Diagram
14 Amp Wiring Diagrams
12
Section 12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Description
Change Oil
Change Oil Filter
Check Oil Pressure
Disassemble Gear Case
Remove Oil Pump
Assemble Gear Case
Install Oil Pump
13
Section 13
COOLING SYSTEM
General Information
Checking Cooling System
Pressure Testing Cooling System
Testing Radiator Cap
Changing Coolant
Thermostat
Removing Thermostat
Checking Thermostat
Installing Thermostat
Water Pump
Inspecting Water Pump
Removing Water Pump
Installing Water Pump
III
SECTION CONTENTS
14
Section 14
TURBOCHARGER
General Information
Turbocharger Lubrication System
Turbocharger Cooling System
Turbocharger Waste Gate
IV
Turbocharger Pressure Control System
Crankcase Bloe–by Recirculating System
Checking Waste Gate Actuator
Servicing And Operating Information
Remove Turbocharger
Checking Turbocharger
Install Turbocharger
Installation Of Coolant Inlet Tube
1
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 1
General Information
Section Contents
Page
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
IN THE INTEREST OF SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
ENGINE VIEWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS AND DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
FASTENER SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
BRIGGS & STRATTON NUMERICAL NUMBER SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
The engine model and type number are located on the vale cover, Fig. 1. The serial number is stamped into the right
side of the cylinder block, behind the intake manifold, Fig. 2.
MODEL AND
TYPE NO.
SERIAL NO.
Fig. 1 – Engine Model And Type Number
MAY 2002
Fig. 2 – Engine Serial Number
1
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
IN THE INTEREST OF SAFETY
This safety alert symbol indicates that this
message involves personal safety. Signal
words danger, warning and caution indicate
hazard degree. Death, personal injury and/OR
property damage may occur unless instructions are followed carefully.
WARNING: DO NOT
1. DO NOT run engine in an enclosed area. Exhaust
gases contain carbon monoxide, an odorless and
deadly poison.
2. DO NOT place hands or feet near moving or
rotating parts. Keep all guards in place.
3. DO NOT place hands or feet near electric cooling
fan (if equipped). Fan may start suddenly, depending on coolant temperature.
4. DO NOT store, spill, or use diesel fuel near an
open flame, or devices such as a stove, furnace,
or water heater which use a pilot light or devices
which can create a spark.
5. DO NOT refuel indoors where area is not well
ventilated. Outdoor refueling is preferred.
6. DO NOT fill fuel tank while engine is running. Allow
engine to cool for 2 minutes before refueling.
Store fuel in approved, correct color safety
containers.
7. DO NOT remove fuel tank cap while engine is
running.
8. DO NOT operate engine when smell of fuel is
present or other explosive conditions exist.
9. DO NOT operate engine if diesel fuel is spilled.
Move machine away from the spill and avoid
creating any ignition until the spill has been
wiped up.
10. DO NOT smoke when filling fuel tank.
11. DO NOT tamper with maximum speed set screw
or full load set screw of the injector pump which
may increase the governed engine speed.
12. DO NOT tamper with the engine speed selected
by the original equipment manufacturer.
13. DO NOT operate engine with a damaged muffler
or without muffler. Inspect periodically and
replace, if necessary. If engine is equipped with
muffler deflector(s), inspect periodically and
replace, if necessary, with correct deflector(s).
14. DO NOT operate engine with an accumulation of
grass, leaves, dirt or other combustible material in
the muffler area.
15. DO NOT use this engine on any forest covered,
brush covered, or grass covered unimproved land
unless a spark arrester is installed on the muffler.
The arrester must be maintained in effective
working order by the operator. In the State of
California the above is required by law (Section
4442 of the California Public Resources Code).
Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws
apply on federal lands.
2
16. DO NOT touch hot muffler(s) or cylinder(s)
because contact may cause burns.
17. DO NOT remove the radiator cap while the engine
is hot. To avoid scalding from hot coolant or steam
blowing out of the radiator, use extreme care when
removing the radiator cap. If possible, wait for
engine to cool. If not possible, wrap a thick rag
around cap while removing. To release pressure,
slowly turn cap counter clockwise to the first stop.
When all pressure has been released, press down
on cap and continue turning.
18. DO NOT start or run engine with air cleaner or air
cleaner cover removed.
WARNING: DO
1. ALWAYS DO disconnect the negative wire from
the battery terminal when servicing the engine or
equipment, TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL
STARTING.
2. ALWAYS DO disconnect fuel shut off solenoid wire
from injection pump before checking compression,
TO PREVENT ACCIDENTAL STARTING.
3. DO wear eye protection when operating or
repairing equipment.
4. DO keep governor parts free of grass and other
debris which can affect engine speed.
5. DO examine muffler(s) periodically to be sure it is
functioning effectively. A worn or leaking
muffler(s) should be repaired or replaced as
necessary.
6. DO check fuel lines and fittings frequently for
cracks or leaks. Replace if necessary.
CAUTION:
DO use clean fresh diesel fuel with a minimum of 40
cetane.
DO NOT use kerosene. The injection pump requires
diesel fuel for lubrication. Damage to the injection
pump and/or engine may result if kerosene is used.
NOTE: Use Original Briggs & Stratton-Daihatsu
Service Replacement Parts when
servicing your engine. Authorized Briggs
& Stratton-Daihatsu Service Centers
carry a stock of such parts. The use of
Briggs & Stratton-Daihatsu
parts
preserves the original design of your
engine. Imitation replacement parts may
not fit or function as original Briggs &
Stratton-Daihatsu parts and can expose
the operator to potential personal injury.
Contact any Authorized Briggs &
Stratton-Daihatsu Service Center for
Original Briggs & Stratton-Daihatsu
Replacement Parts.
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
ENGINE VIEWS
Diesel
1
2
3
13
12
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Thermostat
Oil filler cap
Electric starter
Oil pan
Alternator
4
5
6
7
11
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Injector nozzle
Glow plug
Oil drains
10
Oil filter
Dipstick
Injector pump
9
Engine Date code
xxxxxxxx
13. Engine Model & Type number
xxxxxx xxxx-xx
8
Turbo-charged
Diesel
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Thermostat
Oil filler cap
Turbocharger
Electric starter
Alternator
Oil pan
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Injector nozzle
Glow plug
Oil drains
Oil cooler
(if equipped)
Oil filter
Dipstick
Injector pump
Engine Date code
xxxxxxxx
Engine Model & Type number
xxxxxx xxxx-xx
3
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
582447
@58A447
@588447
Diesel, 4-cycle, 3 cylinder, in-line, liquid cooled
OHV, gear driven
68 x 64
68 x 78
72 x 78
(2.680 x 2.520) (2.680 x 3.070) (2.834 x 3.070)
697 (42.5)
850 (52.0)
952 (58.1)
1-2-3 (front, center, back)
24.0:1
25.0:1
24.4:1
@ 24.8:1
Model
Type
Valve mechanism
Bore x stroke
mm (in)
Piston displacement
Firing order
cc (cu in)
Compression ratio
Compression pressure (normal) @ 300 RPM
Engine at operating temperature –
glow plugs removed
Compression pressure (minimum) @ 300 RPM
Engine at operating temperature –
glow plugs removed
Gross HP @ 3600 RPM
Gross Torque @ 2400 RPM
Dimensions (L x W x H) mm (in)
Dry weight
4
kg (lbs)
Bar
(psi)
432447
522447
33.0
(469)
32.0
(455)
34.0
(498)
@ 37
(526)
Bar
30.0
29.0
30.5
(psi)
(425)
(412)
(433)
@ 27
(384)
26.5
19.5
23.6
@ 28.0
44.1
32.5
40.0
@ 49.2
434.4 x 442.9
x 548.4
441.8 x 440.4 x 434.4 x 442.9 x (17.1 x 17.44 x
21.59)
523.9
548.4
@ 434.4 x
(17.4 x 17.34 x (17.1 x 17.44 x
447.5 x 559.0
20.6)
21.59)
(17.1 x 17.62 x
22.01)
76 (168)
78 (172)
89 (196)
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
Cylinder
Head
Type
Material
Combustion Chamber
Valve seat angle
Intake
Single piece casting
Cast Iron
Swirl Type
45°
45°
Opens
10° BTDC
Valve
Intake
Closes
45° ABDC
Specifications Valve timing
Opens
45° BBDC
Exhaust
Closes
10° ATDC
Intake mm (in) 0.20 (.008 in)
Valve clearance (cold)
Exhaust mm (in) 0.20 (.008 in)
Cylinder
Block &
Camshaft
Exhaust
235°
235°
Cylinder block
Mono-block, three cylinder, cast iron
Camshaft
Carbon steel
Connecting rod
Carbon steel
Piston Pin Bearing
Machined – Piston pin, slip fit
Crankpin
Material aluminum alloy – replaceable insert
Connecting
Bearing
Rod & Piston
Piston
Heat resistant aluminum alloy
Compression ring
Two, chrome plated
Piston ring
Oil ring
One, combination type, chrome plated
One piece cast iron
Crankshaft & Crankshaft
Crankshaft
Crankshaft main
Material
Replaceable insert – aluminum alloy
Bearing
bearing
5
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
LUBRICATING SYSTEM
Lubricating Method
Oil Pump
Oil Filter
Pressure lube
Type
Trochoid
Drive
Gear drive
Type
Full flow, paper
Oil Capacity
3.3 ltr (3.5 qt)
Oil Pump Relief Valve Opening Pressure
4.6 Bar (65 psi)
Lubrication Oil
API SE/CD class or higher
COOLING SYSTEM
Cooling Method
Liquid cooled, forced circulation
Coolant Capacity (engine only)
Approximately 1.8 ltr (1.9 qt)
Cooling System Pressure
1.0-0.75 Bar (15-11 psi)
Pressure Cap Capacity
0.9 Bar (13 psi)
Water Pump
Thermostat
Cooling Fan
Type
Centrifugal
Drive
V-belt
Type
Wax pellet with bypass
Specification
82° C (180° F)
Drive
V belt
V-belt
FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel Requirements
Diesel fuel (Cetane number 40 or higher)
Type
Injector Pump
Bosch VE (distributor type)
Injector Timing (Plunger stroke)
#1 Cyl. TDC
Injector Nozzle
See Tables 1 & 2, Page 6
Nozzle Type
Throttle type
Injector pressure Bar (psi)
140 (1,991)
Idle Speed RPM
See Table 3, Page 7
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery
Voltage
12V (negative ground)
Capacity
24 AH (28 AH cold)
Alternator
28 Volt AC output – Minimum
Charging
System
Regulator/rectifier
14 Amp DC output with charge indicator circuit
Alternator {Optional}
40 Amp DC output – Internally regulated
Glow Plug
Voltage/Current V/A
11 Volts / 9.5 Amps
Starter
Voltage/Kilowatt V/K
Reduction gear type – 12 Volts / 1.0 kw
{12 Volts / 1.2 kw, optional}
6
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
TABLE 1
Injection Pump Timing
Engine Date Code Before 99010100
Model/Type No.
Timing Specification
432447-0150-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0105-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0106-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0107-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0108-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0109-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
582447-0105-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
582447-0125-E2
0.81 ± .03 mm (.032” ± .001”)
582447-0130-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
582447-0131-E2
0.81 ± .03 mm (.032” ± .001”)
TABLE 2
Injection Pump Timing
Engine Date Code After 98123100
Model Series
Timing Specification
432447 – All
0.90 ± .03 mm (.035” ± .001”)
522447 – All
0.90 ± .03 mm (.035” ± .001”)
582447 – All
0.81 ± .03 mm (.032” ± .001”)
58A447 – All
0.90 ± .03 mm (.035” ± .001”)
588447
7
1
INJECTOR PUMP IDENTIFICATION
IDENTIFICATION CODE
7 : 700 cc
8 : 850 cc
9 : 950 cc
NAME
PLATE
DESTINATION
U : USA
J : Japan
X : Except for
USA
SERIAL
NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION
CODE
TABLE 3
Engine Speed Specification Chart
Pump Mfg. Part No.
ID Code
Model & Type No.
Idle Speed (rpm)
Top No Load (rpm)
22100-87801
22100-8713
7U1
7U2
432447-0105-E2
432447-0205-E2
582447-0105-E2
582447-0205-E2
582447-0130-E2
582447-0230-E2
582447-0219-E2
582447-0222–E2
582447-0221-E2
582447-0225-E2
582447-0232-E2
582447-0125-E2
582447-0131-E2
582447-0231-E2
522447-0105-E2
522447-0108-E2
522447-0106-E2
522447-0109-E2
522447-0107-E2
522447-0107-E2
522447–0107–E2
58A447–0205–E2
588447–0205–E2
588447–0216–E2
588447–0230–E2
588447–0225–E2
1200±50
1200±50
3850±50
3850±50
1200±50
3850±50
1200±50
3300±50
1600±50
3600±50
1750±50
1050±50
1200±50
1850±50
3600±50
3850±50
3400±50
3420±50
1700±50
3600±50
1200±50
1600±50
1850±50
1850±50
1525±50
1540±50
1540±50
1200±50
1200±50
1800±50
1600±50
1050±50
3850±50
3350±50
3420±50
3420±50
2775±50
2790±50
2790±50
3850±50
3850±50
3600±50
3600±50
3850±50
22100-87802
22100
87802
8
9U1
22100-87806
9U2
22100 87807
22100-87807
8U1
22100 87809
22100-87809
8U2
22100-87810
22100-87815
22100-87817
22100-87811
22100-87818
8U3
8U4
8U5
9U4
9U5
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
Description
Wrench/Socket Size
Torque
Alternator Adjust. Bracket
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Alternator – 14 Amp (to bracket)
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Alternator – 40 Amp (to bracket)
12 mm
61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.)
Alternator Bracket (to block)
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Camshaft Gear
17 mm
41.0 Nm (30 ft. lbs.)
Camshaft Retainer
10 mm
8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.)
Conn. Rod Nuts
12 mm
36.0 Nm (320 in. lbs.)
Crankshaft Pulley
19 mm
88.0 Nm (65 ft. lbs.)
Cyl. Head Bolts (8 mm dia.)
12 mm
34.0 Nm (25 ft. lbs.)
Cyl. Head Bolts (9 mm dia.)
13 mm
43.0 Nm (32 ft. lbs.)
Cyl. Head Bolts (10 mm dia.)
14 mm
68.0 Nm (50 ft. lbs.)
Exhaust Manifold
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Fan Pulley
10 mm
7.0 Nm (60 in. lbs.)
Flywheel
14 mm
47.0 Nm (35 ft. lbs.)
Fuel Delivery Lines
17 mm
25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.)
Fuel Return Line
17 mm
27.0 Nm (20 ft. lbs.)
Glow Plug
12 mm Deep
17.0 Nm (150 in. lbs.)
Idler Gear
12 mm
25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.)
Injector Pump (mounting)
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Injector Pump Drive Gear
19 mm
61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.)
Injector Pump Bracket
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Injector Nozzle
21 mm Deep
61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.)
Injector Pump Distributor Bolt
14 mm
17.0 Nm (150 in. lbs.)
Intake Manifold
10 mm
8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.)
Main Bearing Screws
14 mm
58.0 Nm (43 ft. lbs.)
Oil Drain Plug
14 mm
25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.)
Oil Pan
10 mm
8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.)
Oil Pressure Relief Valve
19 mm
34.0 Nm (25 ft. lbs.)
Oil Pump Gear
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Oil Pump Pickup
10 mm
8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.)
Rear Seal Support
10 mm
6.0 Nm (50 in. lbs.)
Rocker Arm Assy.
12 mm Deep
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
Rocker Arm Adjustment
10 mm
11.0 Nm (95 in. lbs.)
Starter
14 mm
40.0 Nm (30 ft. lbs.)
Starter Bracket
14 mm
34.0 Nm (25 ft. lbs.)
Starter Solenoid
Phillips
9.0 Nm (80 in. lbs.)
Starter Motor Thru Bolts
10 mm
9.0 Nm (80 in. lbs.)
Timing Gear Case
10 mm
8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.)
Timing Gear Cover
(3 different lengths)
Valve Cover
10 mm
8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.)
10 mm
6.0 Nm (50 in. lbs.)
Water Pump
12 mm
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
9
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU NUMERICAL NUMBER SYSTEM
All Briggs & Stratton Daihatsu engines have a unique numerical designation system. Each engine is identified by a
Model, Type and Code/Serial number. Example: Model
Type
Code/Serial
432447
0125 01
020521145
This chart explains the numerical model designation system. It is possible to determine most of the important mechanical features of the engine by merely knowing the model number. Here is how it works.
FIRST DIGIT
AFTER DISPLACEMENT
SECOND DIGIT
AFTER DISPLACEMENT
THIRD DIGIT
AFTER DISPLACEMENT
BASIC
DESIGN SERIES
CRANKSHAFT,
CARBURETOR,
GOVERNOR
PTO BEARING,
REDUCTION GEAR,
AUXILIARY DRIVE,
LUBRICATION
CUBIC INCH
DISPLACEMENT
ă6
ă8
ă9
10
11
12
13
16
17
18
19
22
23
24
25
26
28
29
30
32
35
38
40
42
43
44
46
52
58
0 - Gas-Mechanical
1 - Natural Gas-Mechanical
2 - Diesel-Mechanical
3 - Gas-Electronic
4 - Natural Gas-Electronic
5 - Diesel-Electronic
6
7
8 - Diesel - Turbo
9
A - Diesel Turbo
B to Z
0 - Horizontal Shaft
Diesel Electronic or
Mechanical Governor
1 - Horizontal Shaft
VacuĆJet Carburetor
Pneumatic Governor
2 - Horizontal Shaft
PulsaĆJet Carburetor
Pneumatic or Mechanical
Governor
3 - Horizontal Shaft
FloĆJet Carburetor
Pneumatic Governor
4 - Horizontal Shaft
FloĆJet Carburetor
Electronic or
Mechanical Governor
5 - Vertical Shaft
VacuĆJet Carburetor
Pneumatic or Mechanical
Governor
6 - Vertical Shaft
7 - Vertical Shaft
FloĆJet Carburetor
Pneumatic or Mechanical
Governor
8 - Vertical Shaft
FloĆJet Carburetor
Mechanical Governor
9 - Vertical Shaft
PulsaĆJet Carburetor
Pneumatic or Mechanical
Governor
0 - Plain Bearing/DU
NonĆFlange Mount
1 - Plain Bearing
Flange Mounting
2 - Sleeve Bearing
Flange Mounting
Splash Lube
3 - Ball Bearing
Flange Mounting
Splash Lube
4 - Flange Mounting
Pressure Lubrication on
Horizontal Shaft
5 - Plain Bearing
Gear Reduction
(6 to 1) CW Rotation
Flange Mounting
6 - Plain Bearing
Gear Reduction
(6 to 1) CCW Rotation
7 - Plain Bearing
Pressure Lubrication on
Vertical Shaft
8 - Plain Bearing
Auxiliary Drive (PTO)
Perpendicular to Crankshaft
9 - Plain Bearing
Auxiliary Drive
Parallel to Crankshaft
FOURTH DIGIT
AFTER DISPLACEMENT
TYPE OF STARTER
0
1
2
3
-
45678-
Without Starter
Rope Starter
Rewind Starter
Electric Starter Only
120 Volt Gear Drive
Electric Starter/Generator
12 Volt Belt Drive
Electric Starter Only
12 Volt Gear Drive
Alternator Only
Electric Starter
12 Volt Gear Drive
With Alternator
Vertical Pull Starter or
Side Pull Starter
The type number identifies certain unique features such as the crankshaft or governor spring used on an engine.
The code/serial number identifies the assembly date of the engine and serial number. In some instances it is necessary to know the code/serial number as well as the model and type number when performing adjustments, repairs or
ordering replacement parts for an engine. Here is how it works.
Example: 990521150
10
A. The first two digits, 02, indicate the calendar
year, 2002.
C. The third two digits, 21, indicate the calendar
month day.
B. The second two digits, 05, indicate the calendar month, May.
D. The last three digits, 145, indicate the serial
number.
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
More frequent service is required when operating in adverse conditions (note 4 below).
System
Lubrication
system
Every
50
hours
Every
100
hours
Change oil
D1
D2
Change oil filter
D1
Maintenance Operation
Check oil level
D
Check for oil leaks
D
Check coolant
Cooling
system
Daily
Every
600
hours
Every
800
hours
D5
D2
D
Change coolant
Service air cleaner
D
D1
D2, 4
D3, 4
Check cylinder head bolt torque
D
Check valve clearance
D
Electrical
system
Check battery electrolyte
Fuel
system
Change fuel filter element
Yearly
D
Check fan belt
Engine
Every
200
hours
D
D6
1 Perform first maintenance operation after 50 hours.
2 Then perform maintenance operation at this interval.
3 Replace after ever 600 hours of operation.
4 Service more often when operating under heavy load or in high temperatures.
5 Perform maintenance annually if operated less than 100 hours.
6 Follow manufacturer’s maintenance schedule if non-B&SD approved part is used.
11
2
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 2
Cylinder Head and Valves
Section Contents
Page
REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
DISASSEMBLE CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
INSPECT AND REPAIR
Cylinder Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Valve Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
DISASSEMBLE ROCKER ARM SHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
ASSEMBLE ROCKER ARM SHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
ASSEMBLE CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
ADJUST VALVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Overhead Valve Train
MAY 2002
1
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
REMOVE CYLINDER HEAD
ALWAYS disconnect fuel shut off solenoid wire
from injection pump before checking compression, to prevent accidental starting.
A
Drain cooling system and disconnect radiator hoses.
1. Remove the following parts from engine,
Fig. 1-Fig. 5:
B
a. Alternator adjusting bracket screw
b. V-belt
c. Fan (if equipped)
C
Fig. 1 – Remove V-belt And Fan
Fig. 2:
d. Water pump
e. Exhaust manifold
NOTE: Remove exhaust system before removing
exhaust manifold.
D
E
Fig. 2 – Remove Water Pump And Exhaust Manifold
Fig. 3:
f. Valve cover
Discard rubber seal.
F
Fig. 3 – Remove Valve Cover
NOTE: Clean areas around fuel lines and injectors to prevent dirt entry.
Fig. 4:
g. Fuel delivery lines
h. Fuel return line
i. Glow plug wiring
j. Breather tube and intake manifold
I
J
H
G
Fig. 4 – Remove Fuel Lines
2
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
Fig. 5:
k. Fuel injector nozzles
l. Glow plugs
L
K
Fig. 5 – Remove Glow Plugs And Injectors
2. Set No. 1 piston at TDC, Fig. 6:
REFERENCE
POINT
a. Rotate crankshaft pulley until timing mark on
pulley is aligned with reference point on timing
cover.
b. If intake and exhaust valves have clearance,
No. 1 piston is at TDC – compression stroke.
c. If intake and exhaust valves do not have
clearance, turn crankshaft pulley one
complete revolution. Valves will then have
clearance.
TIMING
MARK
Fig. 6 – Set Cylinder No. 1 At TDC
3. Remove rocker arm assembly and push rods,
Fig. 7.
VALVE
STEM
CAP
a. Remove valve stem caps.
NOTE: Mark push rods so that they may be
reassembled in their original position.
Fig. 7 – Remove Rocker Arm Assembly And Push Rods
4. Remove cylinder head assembly, Fig. 8.
a. Loosen cylinder head bolts in the order shown.
NOTE: Current style head bolts are 9 mm diameter. Early style head bolts are 8 mm
diameter. Torque specifications are different.
6
10
7
11
2
4
13
8
12
3
14
1
5
9
Fig. 8 – Loosen Cylinder Head Bolts
3
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
3
5
4
DISASSEMBLE CYLINDER HEAD
6
9
10
8
1
11
7
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Cylinder Head Assembly
Cylinder Head Gasket
Valve Stem Cap
Valve Spring Retainer Locks
Valve Spring Retainer
Valve Spring
Valve
Valve Spring Seat
Valve Stem Seal
Valve Guide
Combustion Chamber
Fig. 9 – Cylinder Head Components
Remove valves, Fig. 10.
1. Use valve spring compressor, Tool #19417, to
compress valve springs. Remove the following
parts, Fig. 9:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Valve spring retainer locks – 4
Valve spring retainer – 5
Valve spring – 6
IN and EX valve – 7
Valve spring seats – 8
Fig. 10 – Remove Valves
2. Remove and discard valve stem seals, Fig. 11.
Fig. 11 – Remove Valve Stem Seal
4
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
INSPECT AND REPAIR
STRAIGHT
EDGE
1. Check cylinder head mounting surfaces, Fig. 12
and Fig. 13.
Be sure all gasket material is removed from surfaces
before checking. Use a gasket scraper if necessary.
a. Inspect cylinder head for cracks or damage.
b. Use a straight edge and check cylinder head
lower surface for distortion.
Fig. 12 – Check Cylinder Head For Distortion
Fig. 13:
c. Check intake and exhaust manifold mounting
surfaces.
If mounting surfaces are distorted more than 0.1 mm
(0.004 in.), the cylinder head must be replaced.
It is not recommended that cylinder head
mounting surfaces be resurfaced.
NOTE: Intake manifold and exhaust manifold
may be checked in the same manner. Use
same specifications as cylinder head.
Fig. 13 – Check Cylinder Head For Distortion
CHECK COMBUSTION CHAMBER
Engine Model 522000: combustion chambers are
not replaceable.
Engine Models 432000 and 582000 with date code
after 990111007: combustion chambers are not
replaceable.
NOTE: Only Engine Models 432000 and 582000
with date code before 981225006 have
replaceable combustion chambers.
1. Check combustion chamber, Fig. 14.
a. Use a straight edge and feeler gauge.
If combustion chamber protrudes more than 0.05 mm
(.002 in.) above surface of cylinder head, it must be
replaced.
COMBUSTION
CHAMBER
COMBUSTION
CHAMBER
Fig. 14 – Check Combustion Chamber
2. Remove combustion chamber, Fig. 15.
Insert a 10 mm brass rod through injector nozzle hole
and drive out combustion chamber.
BRASS ROD
NOTE: Do not damage threads in injector hole.
COMBUSTION
CHAMBER
Fig. 15 – Remove Combustion Chamber
5
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
3. Install combustion chamber, Fig. 16.
Align locating projection on combustion chamber with
groove in cylinder head. Use a soft hammer and drive
in new combustion chamber until it bottoms.
COMBUSTION
CHAMBER
Fig. 16 – Install Combustion Chamber
CHECK AND REPAIR VALVE GUIDES
1. Check valve guide bushings for wear using reject
gauge, Tool #19382, Fig. 17.
Remove if damaged or if reject gauge enters valve
guide.
REJECT
GAGE
Fig. 17 – Check Valve Guide Bushing
2. Remove valve guide bushing if required, Fig. 18.
a. Use bushing driver, Tool #19367, and press
out valve guide bushing from combustion
chamber side.
b. Check valve guide bushing OD. Then see
specifications below.
Std. Bushing OD: – 11.05 mm (.435 in.)
Replacement Bushing OD: – 11.08 mm (.4362 in.)
c. If bushing OD measurement indicates that a
replacement bushing has already been
installed, the cylinder head must be replaced.
PRESSING OUT
GUIDE
Fig. 18 – Remove Valve Guide Bushing
6
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
3. Using bushing driver, Tool #19416, press in new
valve guide bushing until tool bottoms on cylinder
head, Fig. 19.
Fig. 19 – Installing Valve Guide Bushing
VALVES AND SEATS
1. Valve faces may be resurfaced to 45°. See Fig. 20
for dimensions for valves. Lap valves and seats
with valve lapping Tool, #19258 and valve lapping
compound, Tool #94150.
1.0 mm
(.040”)
MINIMUM
0.8 mm TO 1.2 mm
(1/16” TO 3/64”)
SEATING AREA CENTERED
ON VALVE FACE
Fig. 20 – Valve Dimensions
2. Valve seats may be reconditioned using valve seat
cutter, Tool #19446.
NOTE: Check valve guide bushings first. If valve
guides are worn, they must be replaced
before refacing valve seats
If valve seat is wider than dimension shown in Fig. 21,
a narrowing cutter should be used to ensure that
contact area of valve seat is centered on face of valve,
Fig. 20.
a. Use a 60° cutter to narrow seat from bottom
and a 30° cutter to narrow seat from top,
Fig. 21.
NOTE: If valve seat is loose or cracked, replace
cylinder head.
3. Measure valve stem diameter at specified
distance from end of valve, as shown in Fig. 22.
Replace IN if less than 5.927 mm (0.2333 in.).
0.8 mm TO 1.2 mm
(1/16” TO 3/64”)
45°
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
60° CUTTER
VALVE SEAT DIMENSIONS
30° CUTTER
Fig. 21 – Valve Seat Dimensions
35 mm
(1.38”)
Replace EX if less than 5.923 mm (0.2332 in.).
Fig. 22 – Measure Valve Stem Diameter
7
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
4. Inspect valve stem cap for wear, Fig. 23.
Replace if cap is worn recessed.
Fig. 23 – Check Valve Stem Cap
5. Check valve springs for squareness and free
length, Fig. 24.
Replace if out of square more than 1.0 mm
(.040 in.).
Replace if free length is less than 30.7 mm
(1.209 in.).
Fig. 24 – Check Valve Springs
DISASSEMBLE ROCKER ARM SHAFT
1. Remove snap rings from ends of rocker arm shaft. Remove set screw from center rocker arm support. Disassemble
rocker arm assembly. Note position of all components, Fig. 25.
SET
SCREW
(1)
SPRING
(2)
ROCKER
ARM
(6)
ROCKER
ARM SUPPORT
(3)
ROCKER
ARM
SHAFT
Fig. 25 – Rocker Arm Components
8
SPACER
(3)
SNAP
RING
(2)
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
2. Check rocker arms and shaft, Fig. 26.
a. Check rocker arm-bearing surface.
Replace if greater than 10.03 mm (0.395 in.).
b. Check rocker arm shaft
Replace if less than 9.96 mm (0.392 in.).
c. Check rocker arm studs for stripped threads
and replace if required.
Fig. 26 – Checking Rocker Arm And Shaft
ASSEMBLE ROCKER ARM SHAFT
1. Oil all components before assembling. Small grooves in rocker shaft next to oil holes must face down. Assemble
rocker arm components, noting order of assembly as shown in Fig. 27. Note position of three thrust washers.
Install set screw in center rocker arm shaft support.
SET
SCREW
(1)
SPRING
(2)
ROCKER
ARM
SHAFT
ROCKER
ARM
(6)
THRUST
WASHER
(3)
OIL
GROOVES
DOWN
ROCKER
ARM SUPPORT
(3)
SNAP
RING
(2)
Fig. 27 – Rocker Arm Components
9
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
ASSEMBLE CYLINDER HEAD
12
3
4
11
5
6
13
9
1
10
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Cylinder Head
Cylinder Head Gasket
Valve Stem Cap
Valve Spring Retainer Locks
Valve Spring Retainer
Valve Spring
Valve
Valve Spring Seat
Valve Stem Seal
Valve Guide
Push Rod
Rocker Arm Assembly
Rocker Arm Stud
NOTE: When replacing rocker arm studs,
torque to 20.0 Nm (180 in. lbs.).
7
2
Fig. 28 – Cylinder Head Components
1. Install new valve stem seals, Fig. 29. Oil inner
surface and lip of seal before installing. Press seal
on to valve guide bushing until it bottoms.
VALVE STEM
SEAL
(CUTAWAY VIEW)
Fig. 29 – Install Valve Stem Seals
10
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
2. Install valve spring seats, Fig. 30.
NOTE: Lightly coat valve stems with Valve Guide
Lubricant #93963 before installing valves.
3. Install valves.
VALVE
SPRING
SEATS
Fig. 30 – Install Valve Spring Seats And Valves
4. Install valve springs with valve spring compressor,
Tool #19417, Fig. 31.
NOTE: After installing valve spring retainer locks,
tap valve spring retainer lightly with a soft
hammer to ensure locks are seated.
Fig. 31 – Install Valve Springs
INSTALL CYLINDER HEAD
ALIGNMENT
DOWEL
LOCATIONS
1. Place cylinder head gasket over alignment dowels
on cylinder block, Fig. 32.
NOTE: Make sure coolant, oil passages and head
bolt holes are aligned.
Fig. 32 – Install Cylinder Head Gasket
2. Install cylinder head assembly, Fig. 33. Lubricate
threads of cylinder head bolts with engine oil.
Torque head bolts in 14.0 Nm (10 ft. lbs.) increments in sequence shown.
NOTE: Current style head bolts are 9 mm
diameter. Early style head bolts are 8 mm
diameter.
a. Torque 9 mm head bolts to 43.0 Nm (32 ft. lbs.).
b. Torque 8 mm head bolts to 34.0 Nm (25 ft. lbs.).
NOTE: Engine Models 58A447 588447 have 10
mm diameter head bolts. Torque head
bolts to 68 Nm (60 ft. lbs.).
8
4
6
12
11
2
7
10
3
14
1
13
9
5
Fig. 33 – Install Cylinder Head Assembly
11
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
3. Lubricate push rods with engine oil then install with
recessed end up, Fig. 34.
RECESSED
END UP
Fig. 34 – Install Push Rods
4. Install valve stem caps on valve stems. Install
rocker arm assembly, Fig. 35. Install washers and
torque nuts to 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.).
NOTE: Make sure rocker adjustment studs are
seated in recessed end of push rods.
Fig. 35 – Install Rocker Arm Assembly
5. Install intake manifold with new gasket, Fig. 36.
a. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
Fig. 36 – Install Intake Manifold
6. Install Injectors, fuel lines and glow plugs, Fig. 37.
a. Torque injectors to 61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.).
b. Torque fuel return line to 27.0 Nm (20 ft. lbs.).
c. Torque fuel delivery lines to 25.0 Nm (220 in.
lbs.).
d. Torque glow plugs to 17.0 Nm (150 in. lbs.).
Fig. 37 – Install Glow Plugs And Injectors
12
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
7. Install exhaust manifold with new gasket, Fig. 38.
a. Torque screws to 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.).
Fig. 38 – Install Exhaust Manifold
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
1. Install water pump with new gasket, Fig. 39.
a. Torque screws and nuts to 19.0 Nm (170 in.
lbs.).
Fig. 39 – Install Water Pump
2. Install water pump pulley, Fig. 40.
3. Install fan (if equipped).
a. Torque screws to 7.0 Nm (60 in. lbs.).
Fig. 40 – Install Water Pump Pulley And Fan
4. Install V-belt, Fig. 41.
BELT
HANDLE
5. Install alternator bolts A and B .
Belt deflection limit is 10–12 mm/10 kg
(3/8–1/2 in/22 lbs.).
A
a. Torque bolt A to 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.).
b. Torque bolt B to 61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.).
3/8 – 1/2 Inch
(10 – 12 mm)
BELT MOVEMENT
B
Fig. 41 – Adjusting V-belt
13
2
CYLINDER HEAD AND VALVES
ADJUST VALVES
REFERENCE
POINT
1. Before adjusting valves, make sure that No. 1
cylinder is at TDC – compression stroke, Fig. 42.
TIMING
MARK
Fig. 42 – Set Cylinder No. 1 at TDC
a. Adjust valves and check, Fig. 43.
Valve Clearance (cold) IN and EX 0.20 mm (0.008 in.)
b. Torque adjusting screws and jam nuts to 11.0
Nm (95 in. lbs.).
Fig. 43 – Adjust Valve Clearances
With No. 1 piston at TDC of compression stroke, check
and adjust valve clearances for cylinders shown in
chart at right.
Rotate crankshaft one complete turn (360°)"clockwise
to check and adjust remaining valves.
1
Piston Position Cylinder
No. 1 piston at TDC, of
compression stroke
Rotate Crankshaft 360
360°
clockwise
IN
l
EX
l
IN
EX
2. Install valve cover with new rubber seal, Fig. 44.
a. Torque cover nuts to 7.0 Nm (50 in. lbs.).
NOTE: Make sure rubber seal is in groove in
valve cover.
Fig. 44 – Install Valve Cover
14
2
3
l
l
l
l
3
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 3
Timing Gears and Gear Case
Section Contents
Page
REMOVE TIMING GEAR COVER AND GEARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CHECKING GEARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
REMOVE GEAR CASE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
REPLACE TIMING GEAR COVER OIL SEAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
ASSEMBLE TIMING GEAR CASE AND GEARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
MAY 2002
1
3
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE
REMOVING TIMING GEAR COVER
AND GEARS
Make sure that #1 cylinder is at TDC, compression
stroke. See Section 2, Fig. 6.
Remove V-belt and fan (if equipped). Drain oil from
engine.
NOTE: Clean areas around fuel lines and injectors to prevent dirt entry.
1. Remove the following parts, Fig. 1.
a. Glow plug wiring.
b. Glow plugs.
c. Injector pump bracket.
d. Remove fuel delivery lines.
A
D
B
C
Fig. 1 – Remove Fuel Delivery Lines
2. Remove the following parts, Fig. 2.
a. Remove oil pan and discard gasket.
b. Remove oil pick-up tube and strainer. Discard
gasket.
OIL PICK-UP
TUBE
Fig. 2 – Removing Oil Pan
3. Remove bell housing adapter screw if equipped.
and install flywheel holder, Tool #19418.
4. LEAVE TOOL INSTALLED.
a. Remove crankshaft pulley using Tool
# 19420, Fig. 3.
FLYWHEEL
HOLDER
Fig. 3 – Removing Crankshaft Pulley
5. Remove timing gear cover, Fig. 4.
a. Discard timing gear cover gasket.
Fig. 4 – Removing Timing Gear Cover
2
3
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE
6. Remove oil pump drive gear, Fig. 5.
a. Check oil pump drive gear for damaged teeth.
OIL
PUMP
GEAR
Fig. 5 – Removing Oil Pump Gear
CHECKING GEARS
Inspect gear teeth for wear or damage.
CHECK GEARS IN SEQUENCE SHOWN.
1. Check gear backlash between idler gear and
crankshaft gear using dial indicator as shown in
Fig. 6.
a. Set tip of indicator on gear tooth, then rock
idler gear back and forth noting indicator
reading.
NOTE: Crankshaft must not turn while checking.
IDLER
GEAR
CRANKSHAFT
GEAR
Fig. 6 – Checking Idler Gear Backlash
2. If backlash exceeds 0.2 mm (.008”) check idler
gear bearing and shaft for wear, Fig. 7.
Reject Dimension: Idler Gear ID –
34.17 mm (1.345”)
Idler Gear Shaft OD –
33.91 mm (1.335”)
a. If idler gear bearing and shaft are within
specification, replace with new idler gear and
recheck.
b. If backlash exceeds 0.2 mm (.008”) with NEW
idler gear, crankshaft gear is worn.
NOTE: If crankshaft gear is worn the crankshaft
must be replaced.
IDLER
GEAR
IDLER
GEAR
SHAFT
Fig. 7 – Checking Idler Gear And Shaft
3. Hold idler gear as shown and check gear backlash
between camshaft timing gear and idler gear using
dial indicator, Fig. 8.
Camshaft timing gear backlash must not exceed
0.2 mm (.008”).
NOTE: Idler gear must not turn while checking.
CAMSHAFT
TIMING
GEAR
IDLER
GEAR
Fig. 8 – Checking Camshaft Timing Gear Backlash
3
3
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE
4. Hold idler gear as shown and check gear backlash
between injector pump timing gear and idler gear
using dial indicator, Fig. 9.
Injector pump timing gear backlash must not exceed
0.2 mm (.008”).
NOTE: Idler gear must not turn while checking.
If gears are worn it is recommended that they be
replaced as a set.
Fig. 9 – Checking Injector Pump
Timing Gear Backlash
REMOVE GEAR CASE
O-RING
1. Remove injector pump timing gear with a three jaw
puller, Fig. 10.
a. Remove 2 nuts and injector pump. Discard
O-ring.
Fig. 10 – Removing Injector Pump
2. Remove parts in sequence shown, Fig. 11.
a. Remove 3 screws and camshaft retainer.
b. Remove remaining 5 screws.
A
B
B
Fig. 11 – Removing Timing Gear Case
3. Remove timing gear case and discard gasket,
Fig. 12.
a. Remove oil pump rotor from cylinder block.
ROTOR
Fig. 12 – Remove Timing Gear Case
4
3
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE
REPLACE TIMING GEAR COVER OIL SEAL
1. Drive out oil seal.
2. Use seal driver, Tool #19423, to install new oil seal,
Fig. 13.
Fig. 13 – Replacing Oil Seal
ASSEMBLE TIMING GEAR
CASE AND GEARS
1. Clean and lubricate oil pump rotor with engine oil
and install in cylinder block, Fig. 14.
a. ID mark on rotor must face cylinder block.
ID MARK
OIL PUMP
ROTOR
Fig. 14 – Installing Oil Pump Rotor
2. Install timing gear case with new gasket. Install
camshaft retainer, Fig. 15.
NOTE: It may be necessary to rotate oil pump
drive to engage oil pump rotors.
NOTE: Position camshaft retainer so that center
hole does not interfere with camshaft.
Note position, length and number of screws as shown.
a. M6 x 28 mm (M6 x 1.1”): 4
b. M6 x 18 mm (M6 x 0.7”): 3
c. M6 x 16 mm (M6 x 0.6”): 1
Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
C
B
A
A
Fig. 15 – Installing Timing Gear Case
3. Assemble injector pump to gear case with new
O-ring and install nuts and support bracket screw
finger tight, Fig. 16.
NOTE: Pump must be able to rotate.
a. Align timing mark on injector pump with timing
mark on gear case.
NOTE: See Section 10 for injector pump timing procedure.
TIMING
MARKS
Fig. 16 – Install Injector Pump
5
3
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE
4. Assemble idler gear shaft with arrow up, as shown
in Fig. 17.
ARROW
UP
Fig. 17 – Installing Idler Gear Shaft
Engine models 432000 and 582000 after date code
990111007, and all engine models 522000 are
equipped with right angle helical timing gears. Timing
marks are identified by letters (A, AA, B, BB, etc.),
instead of numbers. The timing procedure is the same.
5. With crankshaft key at 12 o’clock position,
assemble idler gear so that timing mark 11 (AA) is
aligned with timing mark 1 (A) on crankshaft gear,
timing mark 22 (BB) is aligned with timing mark 2
(B) on camshaft gear, and timing mark 33 (CC) is
aligned with timing mark 3 (C) on injector pump
gear, as shown in Fig. 18.
a. Install oil pump gear.
CRANKSHAFT
KEY
12 O’CLOCK
Fig. 18 – Aligning Timing Marks – Typical
6. Torque screws as shown, Fig. 19.
a. Camshaft Gear: 41.0 Nm (30 ft. lbs.)
b. Idler Gear: 25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.)
c. Injector Pump Gear: 61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.)
d. Oil Pump Gear: 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
C
A
B
D
Fig. 19 – Torque Screws
7. Install timing gear cover with new gasket. Note
position, length and number of screws as shown,
Fig. 20.
a. M6 x 55 mm (M6 x 2.5”): 3
b. M6 x 45 mm (M6 x 2.1”): 2
c. M6 x 30 mm (M6 x 1.1”): 9
d. M6 nut: 2
Torque screws and nuts to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
B
D
B
C
D
C
C
C
A
A
Fig. 20 – Installing Timing Gear Cover
6
3
TIMING GEARS AND GEAR CASE
8. Install crankshaft pulley with timing mark at
12 o’clock position (#1 cylinder), Fig. 21.
NOTE: Be sure alignment pin in crankshaft gear
is seated in hole in pulley.
a. Torque screw to 88.0 Nm (65 ft. lbs.).
b. Remove flywheel holder.
Fig. 21 – Installing Crankshaft Pulley
9. Install oil pick-up tube and strainer with new
gasket. Torque to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
a. Apply a small bead of Permatex No. 2 or
similar sealant to crankcase areas shown,
Fig. 22.
b. Install oil pan with new gasket.
c. Torque screws and nuts to 8.0 Nm
(70 in. lbs.).
SEALANT
Fig. 22 – Installing Oil Pan
10. Install glow plugs, wiring and fuel delivery lines.
a. Torque glow plugs to 17.0 Nm (150 in. lbs.).
b. Torque fuel delivery lines to 25.0 Nm
(220 in. lbs.), Fig. 23.
11. Install V-belt and fan (if equipped).
Fig. 23 – Installing Fuel Delivery Lines
7
4
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 4
Flywheel and Rear Seal Retainer
Section Contents
Page
REMOVING OIL PAN AND FLYWHEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
REMOVING REAR SEAL RETAINER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
REPLACING OIL SEAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
INSTALLING REAR SEAL RETAINER AND FLYWHEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
INSTALL OIL PAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
REMOVING PAN AND FLYWHEEL
Drain oil from engine.
1. Remove oil pan screws and nuts. Remove oil pan
and discard gasket Fig. 1.
Fig. 1 – Removing Oil Pan
2. Install flywheel holder, Tool #19418
a. Remove flywheel screws and flywheel, Fig. 2.
Inspect flywheel for cracks or damage. Inspect
flywheel ring gear for worn, chipped or cracked teeth.
FLYWHEEL
HOLDER
If ring gear is worn or damaged the flywheel must be
replaced.
Fig. 2 – Removing Flywheel
MAY 2002
1
4
FLYWHEEL AND REAR SEAL RETAINER
REMOVE REAR SEAL RETAINER
Remove rear seal retainer and discard gasket, Fig. 3.
Fig. 3 – Removing Seal Retainer
REPLACING OIL SEAL
1. Remove oil seal, Fig. 4.
Fig. 4 – Removing Oil Seal
2. Lubricate outside diameter of oil seal.
a. Using seal driver, Tool #19424 install new oil
seal, Fig. 5.
Fig. 5 – Installing Oil Seal
INSTALLING REAR SEAL RETAINER AND
FLYWHEEL
1. Install rear seal retainer with new gasket, Fig. 6.
a. Torque screws to 6.0 Nm (50 in. lbs.).
RETAINER
GASKET
Fig. 6 – Installing Seal Retainer
2
4
FLYWHEEL AND REAR SEAL RETAINER
2. Install flywheel, Fig. 7.
NOTE: Apply Permatex No. 2 or similar sealant
to flywheel screws.
a. Torque flywheel screws to 47.0 Nm
(35 ft. lbs.).
Remove flywheel holder.
Fig. 7 – Installing Flywheel
INSTALL OIL PAN
1. Install oil pan with new gasket, Fig. 8.
SEALANT
a. Apply a small bead of Permatex No. 2 or
similar sealant to crankcase areas shown.
b. Torque screws and nuts to 8.0 Nm
(70 in. lbs.).
Fig. 8 – Installing Oil Pan
3
5
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 5
Cylinder Block Disassembly
Section Contents
Page
ENGINE STAND FIXTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
MAY 2002
1
5
CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY
ENGINE STAND
An automotive type engine stand is recommended when complete engine disassembly is required. See drawings
below for dimensions to make an engine stand mounting fixture. The engine stand shown below is manufactured by
Snap-On.
215 mm
65 mm
8-3/8”
HOLES
60 mm
80 mm
65 mm
45 mm
45 mm
50 mm
57 mm
39 mm
107 mm
Mounting Plate
1/2” THICK
THRU HOLE
21/32”
2 THRU
HOLES
13/32”
13”
5/8”
1-1/2”
1-1/2” DIA.
Engine Stand Fixture
2
5
CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY
CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY
1. Remove cylinder head. See Sec. 2.
STARTER MOTOR
2. Remove oil pan, oil pick up tube, timing cover,
gears and gear case. See Sec. 3.
3. Remove flywheel and rear seal retainer. See
Sec. 4.
4. Remove starter motor, Fig. 1.
Fig. 1 – Removing Starter And Bracket
5. Remove alternator bracket and alternator, Fig. 2.
ALTERNATOR
BRACKET
Fig. 2 – Removing Alternator
6. Remove valve lifters, Fig. 3.
VALVE LIFTER
a. Number lifters so that they may be re-installed
in the same position.
Fig. 3 – Removing Valve Lifters
7. Remove camshaft, Fig. 4.
NOTE: Use care when removing camshaft to
prevent damaging cam bearing, journals
and lobes.
CAMSHAFT
Fig. 4 – Removing Camshaft
3
5
CYLINDER BLOCK DISASSEMBLY
8. Remove connecting rod and piston assemblies,
Fig. 5.
NOTE: Remove carbon or ridge from cylinder and
number connecting rod/piston assemblies before removing from cylinders.
a. Remove connecting rod cap with lower
bearing.
b. Push connecting rod and piston out through
top of cylinder.
c. Reassemble connecting rod cap to connecting rod to prevent interchanging components.
Fig. 5 – Removing Connecting Rod Assembly
9. Remove crankshaft main bearing caps, keeping
main bearings with their respective caps, Fig. 6.
NOTE: Main bearing caps are numbered 1
through 4.
Fig. 6 – Removing Main Bearing Caps
10. Remove crankshaft, Fig. 7.
a. Remove crankshaft thrust washers (#3 main
bearing).
b. Remove upper main bearings from saddles
and place with respective bearing caps.
SHIMS
#3 MAIN
BEARING
Fig. 7 – Removing Crankshaft
4
6
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 6
Cylinder Block Inspection and Repair
Section Contents
Page
CHECKING CYLINDER BLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
REPLACING CAMSHAFT BEARING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
REPLACING CAMSHAFT PLUG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
CHECKING CYLINDER BLOCK
Remove all traces of sealant and gasket material from
mounting surfaces. Inspect cylinder block for damage,
cracks and stripped threads. Inspect cylinder bores for
damage or scores.
1. Check cylinder block deck for distortion, Fig. 1.
Distortion Limit: 0.08 mm (.003”)
Fig. 1 – Checking Cylinder Block
2. If cylinder block exceeds limit shown, it may be
resurfaced, Fig. 2.
Cylinder Block Height
Model Series 430000
Std: 229.20-229.80 mm (9.023-9.047”)
Minimum Dimension:
229.10 mm (9.019”) (After Resurfacing)
Model Series 520000 & 580000 Std:
238.70-239.30 mm (9.397-9.421”)
Minimum Dimension:
238.60 mm (9.3937”) (After Resurfacing)
Fig. 2 – Cylinder Block Height
MAY 2002
1
6
CYLINDER BLOCK INSPECTION AND REPAIR
3. Check cylinder bores for wear, Fig. 3.
Standard Bore Size:
Model Series 430000 & 520000:
68.00-68.030 mm (2.6770-2.6783”)
Model Series 580000:
72.00-72.030 mm (2.8346-2.8358”)
a. Measure cylinder bore in 6 points at right
angles as shown, Fig. 3.
b. If cylinder bore is worn more than 0.075 mm
(.003”) or more than 0.035 mm (.0015”) out of
round, it must be resized.
Always resize to exactly .25 mm (.010”) over standard
bore size. If this is done accurately, the service
oversize rings and pistons will fit perfectly and proper
clearances will be maintained.
MEASURE CYLINDER
BORE IN SIX
POSITIONS SHOWN
TO DETERMINE
TAPER & OUT OF
ROUND.
TOP OF RING TRAVEL
(BELOW RIDGE)
CENTER OF RING TRAVEL
AREA OF
NORMAL
WEAR
BOTTOM OF RING TRAVEL
Fig. 3 – Checking Cylinder Bore
4. Check valve lifter bore, Fig. 4.
Std. Dimension: 18.018 mm (.7094”)
Reject: 18.05 mm (.711”)
5. Check valve lifter, Fig. 4.
Std. Dimension: 17.98 mm (.708”)
Reject: 17.91 mm (.7051”)
Fig. 4 – Checking Valve Lifter And Bore
6. Check camshaft bearing, Fig. 5.
Replace if greater than 36.06 mm (1.420”).
Fig. 5 – Checking Cam Bearing
REPLACING CAMSHAFT BEARING
1. Remove camshaft bearing, Fig. 6.
a. Use camshaft bearing puller, Tool #19421.
Fig. 6 – Removing Cam Bearing
2
6
CYLINDER BLOCK INSPECTION AND REPAIR
2. Install camshaft bearing, Fig. 7.
a. Use camshaft bearing driver, Tool #19422.
NOTE: Notch on camshaft bearing must face out.
Be sure oil hole in bearing is aligned with
oil hole in cylinder block.
Fig. 7 – Installing Cam Bearing
REPLACING CAMSHAFT PLUG
1. Remove rear camshaft plug, Fig. 8.
a. Use a wood dowel or brass rod to prevent
damage to camshaft bearing.
Fig. 8 – Removing Camshaft Plug
2. Install new camshaft plug using camshaft bearing
driver, Tool #19422.
a. Install camshaft plug flush with cylinder block,
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9 – Installing Camshaft Plug
If cylinder block is being resized, the following
parts should be removed so that cylinder block
may be thoroughly cleaned.
1. Remove oil pressure switch, water gallery plug
and oil filter adapter, Fig. 10.
PLUG
ADAPTER
SWITCH
Fig. 10 – Removing Oil Pressure Switch
3
6
CYLINDER BLOCK INSPECTION AND REPAIR
2. Remove timing gear oil nozzle, Fig. 11.
OIL NOZZLE
Fig. 11 – Removing Oil Nozzle
3. When re-installing oil nozzle, oil hole must be
positioned at 45°"angle, pointing towards idler
gear, Fig. 12.
IDLER GEAR
Fig. 12 – Installing Oil Nozzle
4
7
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 7
Crankshaft, Camshaft and Bearings
Section Contents
Page
CHECKING CRANKSHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
CHECKING MAIN BEARING CLEARANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CHECKING CONNECTING ROD BEARING CLEARANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
CHECKING CRANKSHAFT END PLAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
CHECKING CAMSHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
CHECKING CRANKSHAFT
Inspect crankshaft journals for grooves or signs of
scoring. If found, crankshaft must be re-ground or
replaced.
1. Check the main bearing and crankpin journals for
wear and taper, Fig. 1.
Standard size:
Main – 41.976-42.000 mm (1.6526-1.6535”)
Crankpin – 36.976-37.000 mm (1.4557-1.4567”)
Maximum out of round and taper: 0.02 mm
(0.0008”).
If crankshaft journals are not within specification, the
crankshaft may be re-ground and .25 mm (.010”)
undersize bearings installed. See illustrated parts list
for part numbers.
Fig. 1 – Checking Journals
2. Check the crankshaft for run-out at #3 main
bearing journal, Fig. 2.
Maximum Run-out: 0.06 mm (0.0024”)
a. If run-out exceeds specification shown, the
crankshaft must be replaced.
Fig. 2 – Checking Run-out
MAY 2002
1
7
CRANKSHAFT, CAMSHAFT AND BEARINGS
3. Check crankshaft timing gear teeth for damaged
teeth, Fig. 3.
NOTE: See Section 3 for procedure to check
crankshaft timing gear for wear.
If crankshaft timing gear teeth are damaged or worn,
the crankshaft must be replaced.
Fig. 3 – Checking Timing Gear
CHECKING MAIN BEARING CLEARANCES
If main bearings show signs of flaking or scoring,
bearings must be replaced.
Main bearing saddles in cylinder block, main bearing
caps, main bearings and crankshaft journals must be
clean and free of oil.
1. With upper main bearings installed, install crankshaft.
a. Lay a strip of plastigage lengthwise on journal,
Fig. 4.
Do not lay plastigage across oil hole in crankshaft
journal.
PLASTIGAGE
Fig. 4 – Install Plastigage
2. Assemble main bearing cap with bearing and
torque to 58.3 Nm (43 ft. lbs.), Fig. 5.
DO NOT ALLOW CRANKSHAFT TO ROTATE.
Fig. 5 – Torque Bearing Cap
3. Remove the bearing cap. Measure the plastigage
at its widest point, Fig. 6. If the clearance is not
within specification, replace the bearings.
Crankshaft Main Bearing Clearance:
STD: 0.020-0.044 mm (0.0008-0.0017”)
Reject: 0.07 mm (0.0028”)
Repeat procedure for each main bearing.
Fig. 6 – Measure Clearance
2
7
CRANKSHAFT, CAMSHAFT AND BEARINGS
CHECKING CONNECTING ROD BEARING
CLEARANCES
If connecting rod bearings show signs of flaking or
scoring, bearings must be replaced.
PLASTIGAGE
Connecting rod bearings and crankpin journals must
be clean and free of oil.
1. With upper bearing assembled to connecting rod,
install connecting rod.
a. Lay a strip of plastigage lengthwise on journal,
Fig. 7.
Do not lay plastigage across oil hole in crankpin
journal.
Fig. 7 – Install Plastigage
2. Assemble connecting rod cap with bearing and
torque to 36.0 Nm (320 in. lbs.), Fig. 8.
DO NOT ALLOW CRANKSHAFT TO ROTATE.
Fig. 8 – Torque Rod Cap
3. Remove the connecting rod cap. Measure the
plastigage at its widest point, Fig. 9. If the
clearance is not within specification, replace the
bearings.
Connecting Rod Bearing Clearance:
STD: 0.020-0.044 mm (0.0008-0.0017”)
Reject: 0.07 mm (0.0028”)
Repeat procedure for each connecting rod.
Fig. 9 – Measure Clearance
CHECKING CRANKSHAFT END PLAY
With thrust washers installed, check crankshaft end
play at #3 main bearing as shown, Fig. 10.
Crankshaft End Play:
STD: 0.020-0.24 mm (0.0008-0.0094”)
Limit: 0.30 mm (0.012”)
If end play exceeds limit, .125 mm (.005”) over size
thrust washers are available. See illustrated parts list.
Fig. 10 – Checking Crankshaft End Play
3
7
CRANKSHAFT, CAMSHAFT AND BEARINGS
CHECKING CAMSHAFT
1. Measure camshaft lobe height, Fig. 11. If lobes are
not to specification, replace the camshaft.
Intake and Exhaust:
STD: 30.065-30.135 mm (1.184-1.186”)
Reject: 29.965 mm (1.18”)
Fig. 11 – Checking Camshaft Lobes
2. Measure camshaft journals, Fig. 12.
STD:
Front – 35.959-35.975 mm
(1.4157-1.4163”)
Reject: 35.890 mm (1.413”)
STD:
Center – 35.910-35.955 mm
(1.4138-1.4155”)
Reject: 35.84 mm (1.411”)
STD:
Rear – 35.910-35.955 mm
(1.4138-1.4155”)
Reject: 35.84 mm (1.411”)
Fig. 12 – Checking Camshaft Journals
3. Measure camshaft run-out, Fig. 13.
Maximum Run-out: 0.03 mm (0.0012”).
a. If run-out exceeds specification shown, the
camshaft must be replaced.
Fig. 13 – Checking Run-out
4
8
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 8
Piston, Rings and Connecting Rod
Inspection and Assembly
Section Contents
Page
DISASSEMBLE PISTON AND CONNECTING ROD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
CHECKING PISTON AND RINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CHECKING PISTON PIN AND CONNECTING ROD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
ASSEMBLE PISTON AND CONNECTING ROD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
ASSEMBLE PISTON RINGS TO PISTON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
DISASSEMBLE PISTON AND
CONNECTING ROD
1. Remove compression rings and oil ring using ring
expander, Tool #19340, Fig. 1.
a. Then remove coil expander.
PISTON
Fig. 1 – Removing Piston Rings
2. Disassemble piston from connecting rod, Fig. 2.
a. Remove piston pin retainers.
b. Piston pin is a slip fit.
Fig. 2 – Disassembling Piston/Connecting Rod
MAY 2002
1
8
PISTON, RINGS AND CONNECTING ROD INSPECTION AND ASSEMBLY
CHECKING PISTON AND RINGS
If the cylinder bore is to be resized there is no reason to
check the piston as a new oversized piston will be
used.
If the cylinder is not going to be resized and the piston
shows no signs of scoring, the piston should be
checked.
1. Check side clearance of ring grooves using NEW
rings, Fig. 3. If a 0.12 mm (0.005”) feeler gauge
can be inserted, the ring groove is worn. The
piston must be replaced.
NEW PISTON RING
Fig. 3 – Checking Ring Grooves
2. Check ring end gap, Fig. 4.
a. Clean carbon from end of rings and using the
piston, insert approximately 100 mm (3.9”)
into cylinder (below ring travel).
Ring End Gap Reject Size
Compression Rings
Oil Ring
0.70 mm (0.028”)
0.70 mm
(0.028”)
CHECK END GAP
BELOW RING TRAVEL
Fig. 4 – Checking End Gap
3. Check piston pin bore, Fig. 5.
Engine Models: 432447, 522447, 582447
a. Replace if greater than 18.03 mm (0.710”) or
.01 mm (.0004”) out of round.
Engine Models: 58A447, 588447
b. Replace if greater than 21.03 mm (0.828”) or
.01 mm (.0004”) out of round.
Fig. 5 – Checking Piston Pin Bore
CHECKING PISTON PIN AND
CONNECTING ROD
1. Check piston pin, Fig. 6.
Engine Models: 432447, 522447, 582447
a. Replace if less than 17.98 mm (0.708”) or
.01 mm (.0004”) out of round.
Engine Models: 58A447, 588447
b. Replace if less than 20.98 mm (0.826”) or
.01 mm (.0004”) out of round.
Fig. 6 – Checking Piston Pin
2
8
PISTON, RINGS AND CONNECTING ROD INSPECTION AND ASSEMBLY
2. Check piston pin bearing, Fig. 7.
Engine Models: 432447, 522447, 582447
a. Replace if greater than 18.03 mm (0.710”) or
.01 mm (.0004”) out of round.
Engine Models: 58A447, 588447
b. Replace if greater than 21.03 mm (0.828”) or
.01 mm (.0004”) out of round.
Fig. 7 – Checking Piston Pin Bearing
3. Check crankpin bearing end of connecting rod for
out of round, Fig. 8.
a. With bearing inserts removed, assemble
connecting rod cap and torque to 36.0 Nm
(320 in. lbs.).
Maximum out of round: 0.02 mm (0.0008”)
b. If out of round exceeds specification shown,
the connecting rod must be replaced.
Fig. 8 – Checking Crankpin Bearing End
4. Check for bent or twisted connecting rod, Fig. 9.
NOTE: Thrust faces must be free of any burrs or
nicks or connecting rod will not lay flat on
surface plate.
a. With connecting rod on a surface plate, any
distortion will be evident by a rocking motion.
b. If a 0.05 mm (0.002”) feeler gauge can be
inserted at piston pin end of connecting rod the
rod must be replaced.
Fig. 9 –Checking Connecting Rod
ASSEMBLE PISTON AND
CONNECTING ROD
Assemble piston to connecting rod, Fig. 10.
NOTE: Arrow on piston and ID mark on rod must
face same side.
1. Lubricate piston pin with engine oil before assembly.
a. Be sure retainers are seated properly in
piston.
ID
MARK
Fig. 10 – Assembling Piston And Rod
3
8
PISTON, RINGS AND CONNECTING ROD INSPECTION AND ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLE PISTON RINGS TO PISTON
ID
MARK
1. Install piston rings using ring expander, Tool
#19340, Fig. 11.
TOP
a. Install oil ring coil expander making sure wire
is inserted fully into coil.
b. Install oil ring.
c. Install center compression ring then, top
compression ring with ID marks up.
ID
MARK
CENTER
WIRE
OIL
COIL
EXPANDER
Fig. 11 – Installing Piston Rings
2. Stagger ring end gaps as shown, Fig. 12.
OIL RING
TOP RING
SECOND RING
Fig. 12 – Stagger Ring End Gaps
4
9
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 9
Cylinder Block Assembly
Section Contents
Page
INSTALL CRANKSHAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
INSTALL PISTONS AND CONNECTING RODS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Oil Pickup Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Rear Seal Retainer and Starter Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Flywheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
INSTALL TIMING GEAR CASE, CAMSHAFT AND GEARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
INSTALL ALTERNATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
INSTALL CRANKSHAFT
Install main bearings in cylinder block, Fig. 1.
OIL
HOLES
GROOVES
NOTE: Upper bearing has an oil groove and oil
holes.
1. Install upper main bearings in their respective
saddles.
a. Be sure bearing is seated in saddle and tang in
bearing is aligned with notch in saddle.
b. Lubricate bearings with engine oil.
Fig. 1 – Installing Upper Main Bearings
2. Install lower main bearings in bearing caps, Fig. 2.
a. Be sure bearing is seated in bearing cap and
tang in bearing is aligned with notch in bearing
cap.
b. Lubricate bearings with engine oil.
Fig. 2 – Installing Lower Main Bearings
MAY 2002
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CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLY
3. Install crankshaft with gear facing front of cylinder
block, Fig. 3. Take care not to damage journals or
bearings.
INSTALL
SHIMS
#3 MAIN
BEARING
a. Install crankshaft shims on #3 main bearing
web with grooves facing out.
b. Lubricate journals with engine oil.
Fig. 3 – Installing Crankshaft
4. Install main bearing caps, Fig. 4. Lubricate
threads of screws with engine oil.
a. Install bearing caps in their respective
positions with arrows facing front.
b. Starting with #3 bearing cap, torque bearing
caps one at a time in sequence shown to 58.0
Nm (43 ft. lbs.).
c. Recheck crankshaft end play.
Crankshaft End Play: 0.025-0.24 mm
(0.0008-0.0094”)
NOTE: After torquing bearing cap, make sure
crankshaft rotates freely before proceeding to next bearing cap.
ARROW
FRONT
3
2
#1
#2
1
#3
FRONT
Fig. 4 – Installing Main Bearing Caps
INSTALL PISTONS AND
CONNECTING RODS
VINYL TUBING
1. Install connecting rod bearings, Fig. 5. Be sure
tang on bearing is seated in notch in connecting
rod and cap.
a. Install a piece of vinyl tubing over each
connecting rod screw to prevent damage to
screw threads or crankpin when installing
piston and connecting rod.
NOTCH
ID MARK
Fig. 5 – Installing Connecting Rod Bearings
2
4
#4
9
CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLY
Rotate crankshaft so that crankpin is at bottom of
stroke. Then, lubricate cylinder walls, piston and rings,
bearings and crankpins.
2. Using ring compressor, Tool #19070, install piston
and connecting rod assemblies with arrow on
piston facing front, Fig. 6.
a. Install connecting rod cap with ID mark facing
front. Lubricate threads and torque nuts to
34.0 Nm (320 in. lbs.).
NOTE: After torquing rod cap, make sure crankshaft rotates freely before proceeding to
next cylinder.
FRONT
ID MARK
Fig. 6 – Installing Piston And Connecting Rod
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
1. Install gasket, oil pick-up tube and strainer, Fig. 7.
a. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
Fig. 7 – Installing Oil Pick-Up
2. Install gasket and rear seal retainer, Fig. 8.
a. Torque screws to 6.0 Nm (50 in. lbs.).
3. Install starter motor.
a. Torque screws to 34.0 Nm (25 ft. lbs.).
REAR
SEAL
RETAINER
Fig. 8 – Installing Rear Seal Retainer
4. Install flywheel, Fig. 9.
a. Install flywheel holder, Tool #19418.
b. Apply Permatex No. 2 or similar sealant to
flywheel screws and torque to 47.0 Nm
(35 ft. lbs.).
FLYWHEEL
HOLDER
Fig. 9 – Installing Flywheel
3
9
CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLY
INSTALL TIMING GEAR CASE, CAMSHAFT
AND GEARS
1. Lubricate oil pump rotor with engine oil and install
in cylinder block, Fig. 10.
ID MARK
a. ID mark on rotor must face cylinder block.
OIL PUMP
ROTOR
Fig. 10 – Installing Oil Pump Rotor
2. Install timing gear case with new gasket.
NOTE: It may be necessary to rotate oil pump
drive to engage oil pump rotors.
Note position, length and number of screws as shown,
Fig. 11.
a. M6 x 28 mm (M6 x 1.1”): 4
b. M6 x 16 mm (M6 x .6”): 1
Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
B
A
A
Fig. 11 – Installing Gear Case
3. Lubricate, then install camshaft in cylinder block,
Fig. 12. Take care not to damage lobes or cam
bearing.
a. Install camshaft retainer.
b. M6 x 18 mm (M6 x 0.7”): 3
Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
NOTE: Position camshaft retainer so that center
hole does not interfere with camshaft.
RETAINER
Fig. 12 – Installing Camshaft
4. Rotate crankshaft so that crankshaft key is at
12 o’clock position as shown in Fig. 13.
CRANKSHAFT
KEY 12 O’CLOCK
Fig. 13 – Rotate Crankshaft
4
9
CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLY
5. Assemble injector pump to gear case with new
O-ring and install nuts and support bracket
screw finger tight, Fig. 14.
NOTE: Pump must be able to rotate
a. Align timing mark on injection pump with
timing mark on gear case.
NOTE: See Section 10 for injector pump
timing procedure.
TIMING
MARKS
Fig. 14 – Install Injector Pump
6. Assemble idler gear shaft with ID mark up, as
shown in Fig. 15.
ID MARK
UP
IDLER GEAR
SHAFT
Fig. 15 – Assemble Idler Gear Shaft
Engine models 432000 and 582000 after date code
990111007, and all engine models 522000 are
equipped with right angle helical timing gears. Timing
marks are identified by letters (A, AA, B, BB, etc.),
instead of numbers. The timing procedure is the same.
7. With crankshaft key at 12 o’clock position, assemble idler gear so that timing mark 11 (AA) is
aligned with timing mark 1 (A) on crankshaft gear,
timing mark 22 (BB) is aligned with timing mark 2
(B) on camshaft gear, and timing mark 33 (CC) is
aligned with timing mark 3 (C) on injector pump
gear, as shown in Fig. 16.
a. Install oil pump gear.
CRANKSHAFT
KEY
12 O’CLOCK
Fig. 16 – Aligning Timing Marks
8. Torque screws as shown, Fig. 17.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Camshaft Gear: 41.0 Nm (30 ft. lbs.)
Idler Gear: 25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.)
Injector Pump Gear: 61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.)
Oil pump Gear: 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
A
C
B
D
Fig. 17 – Torque Screws
5
9
CYLINDER BLOCK ASSEMBLY
9. Install timing gear cover with new gasket. Note
position, length and number of screws as shown,
Fig. 18.
a.
b.
c.
d.
M6 x 55 mm (M6 x 2.5”): 3
M6 x 45 mm (M6 x 2.1”): 2
M6 x 30 mm (M6 x 1.1”): 9
M6 nut: 2
Torque screws and nuts to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
B
D
B
C
D
C
C
C
A
A
Fig. 18 – Installing Timing Cover
10. Install crankshaft pulley with timing mark at
12 o’clock position (#1 cylinder), Fig. 19.
FLYWHEEL HOLDER
NOTE: Be sure alignment pin in crankshaft gear
is seated in hole in pulley.
a. Torque screw to 88.0 Nm (65 ft. lbs.).
b. Remove flywheel holder.
Fig. 19 – Installing Pulley
INSTALL ALTERNATOR
1. Install alternator bracket and alternator, Fig. 20.
a. Torque screws to 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.).
Fig. 20 – Install Alternator
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
1. Lubricate tappets with engine oil and install in
cylinder block.
2. See Section 2 for installation of cylinder head and
related components.
6
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BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 10
Fuel System and Related Components
Section Contents
Page
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
INJECTION PUMP TIMING SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
INJECTOR PUMP
Checking Injector Pump Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Adjusting Injector Pump Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
INJECTORS
Remove Injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Checking Injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Install Injectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
FUEL FILTER – GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Draining Water Collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Change Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
FUEL SHUT OFF SOLENOID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Checking Fuel Shut-Off Solenoid Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
INJECTOR PUMP IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
ENGINE SPEED IDENTIFICATION CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Adjust Idle Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Adjust Top No Load Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
The fuel system consists of a gear driven injector pump with fuel delivery and return lines and injector nozzles for each
cylinder. Diesel fuel is drawn from the fuel tank through the fuel filter by the feed pump which is incorporated in the
injection pump and delivers fuel to the injectors at a constant volume regardless of pump RPM. The feed pump also
circulates fuel through the pump for lubrication purposes.
A single pump plunger meters and distributes fuel in the correct firing order through an injector nozzle in each combustion chamber. Excess fuel from the injector nozzles and pump is returned to the fuel tank by way of the overflow valve
and return line. This system of fuel circulation lubricates and cools the injection pump and also warms the fuel in the
fuel tank to help prevent fuel waxing in cold weather.
CAUTION: Always use clean fresh diesel fuel with a minimum of 40 cetane. DO NOT use kerosene. The injection
pump requires diesel fuel for lubrication. Damage to the injection pump and/or engine may result if kerosene is used.
Servicing the fuel injection system requires highly specialized equipment and procedures. Consult the Yellow Pages
under Engines-Diesel-Fuel Injection Service & Parts for the nearest diesel fuel injection specialist if the injector pump
or injector nozzles require servicing.
See Section 3 for procedure for removing and installing injector pump.
MAY 2002
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FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS
FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM COMPONENTS
FUEL RETURN LINE
FUEL FILTER
FUEL DELIVERY LINE
INJECTOR PUMP
INJECTOR
FUEL RETURN LINE
FUEL LINE
FUEL TANK
2
10
INJECTOR PUMP
TABLE 1
Injection Pump Timing
Engine Date Code Before 99010100
Model/Type No.
Timing Specification
432447-0150-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0105-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0106-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0107-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0108-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
522447-0109-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
582447-0105-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
582447-0125-E2
0.81 ± .03 mm (.032” ± .001”)
582447-0130-E2
0.93 ± .03 mm (.0365” ± .001”)
582447-0131-E2
0.81 ± .03 mm (.032” ± .001”)
TABLE 2
Injection Pump Timing
Engine Date Code After 98123100
Model Series
Timing Specification
432447 – All
0.90 ± .03 mm (.035” ± .001”)
522447 – All
0.90 ± .03 mm (.035” ± .001”)
582447 – All
0.81 ± .03 mm (.032” ± .001”)
58A447 – All
0.90 ± .03 mm (.035” ± .001”)
588447
3
10
INJECTOR PUMP
Checking Injector Pump Timing
NOTE: Clean areas around fuel lines and injectors to prevent any dirt from entering
injector nozzles or delivery valve ports
when fuel delivery lines are removed.
1. Remove fuel delivery lines from injector pump and
injector nozzles, Fig. 1.
Fig. 1 – Removing Fuel Lines
2. Set No. 1 piston at TDC:
REFERENCE
POINT
a. Rotate crankshaft until timing mark on pulley
is aligned with reference point on timing cover,
Fig. 2.
b. If intake and exhaust valves have clearance,
No. 1 piston is at TDC – compression stroke.
c. If intake and exhaust valves do not have clearance, turn crankshaft pulley one complete
revolution. Valves will then have clearance.
TIMING
MARK
Fig. 2 – Align Timing Marks
3. Remove distributor head screw with washer and
install injector pump timing gage,dial indicator Tool
# 19441, Fig. 3.
DIAL INDICATOR
TOOL #19441
Fig. 3 – Install Timing Tool
4. Slowly rotate crankshaft counter-clockwise until
dial indicator needle just stops moving. Set dial
indicator at ‘‘0,” Fig. 4.
NOTE: When indicator needle just stops moving,
carefully rock crankshaft clockwise slightly, then counter-clockwise slightly to verify
absolute ‘‘0.”
Fig. 4 – Setting Indicator
4
10
INJECTOR PUMP
5. Slowly rotate crankshaft clockwise until timing
mark on pulley aligns with reference point on gear
case cover (TDC), Fig. 5. Note dial indicator
reading.
NOTE: Do not rotate crankshaft past TDC. If
crankshaft is rotated past TDC rotate
crankshaft back to ‘‘0” and repeat
procedure.
6. Refer to timing specification tables on page 3 for
correct specification by engine model and type or
code number.
If indicator reading is within specification, injector
pump is properly timed. Proceed to step 6.
METRIC INDICATOR
SHOWN
Fig. 5 – Checking Timing
If indicator reading is not within specification, see
procedure for adjusting injector pump timing.
7. Remove timing gage and install distributor screw
with new washer, Fig. 6.
a. Torque screw to 17.0 Nm (150 in. lbs.).
8. Install fuel delivery lines.
a.
Torque to 25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.).
DISTRIBUTOR
SCREW
Fig. 6 – Install Distributor Screw
Adjusting Injector Pump Timing
Refer to timing specification tables on page 3 for correct
specification by engine model and type or code number.
1. Loosen injector pump mounting nuts and pump
support bracket screw, Fig. 7. Rotate pump toward
cylinder head as far as it will go.
NOTE: Loosen nuts and screw only enough to
allow pump to be rotated with some
resistance.
Perform Steps 2 through 4 as described in ‘‘Checking
Injector Pump Timing”.
Fig. 7 – Loosen Pump
2. Slowly rotate crankshaft clockwise until timing
mark on pulley aligns with reference point on gear
case cover (TDC), Fig. 8.
REFERENCE
POINT
NOTE: Do not rotate crankshaft past TDC. If
crankshaft is rotated past TDC rotate
crankshaft back to ‘‘0” and repeat
procedure.
TIMING
MARK
Fig. 8 – Align Timing Marks
5
10
INJECTOR PUMP
3. While observing dial indicator, slowly rotate injector pump away from cylinder head until indicator
shows correct specification. Hold injector pump in
this position and tighten outside pump mounting
nut, Fig. 9.
NOTE: Do not rotate pump past specification. If
pump is rotated past specification, rotate
pump back toward cylinder head and
repeat procedure.
OUTSIDE MOUNTING
NUT
Fig. 9 – Adjusting Timing
4. To verify that timing is correct, rotate crankshaft
counter-clockwise until dial indicator reads ‘‘0.”
Then rotate crankshaft clockwise until timing
mark on pulley aligns with reference point on gear
case cover (TDC). Indicator should be within
specification, Fig. 10.
5. Torque injector pump mounting nuts and pump
support bracket screw to 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.).
METRIC INDICATOR
SHOWN
Fig. 10 – Verify Timing
6. Remove timing gage and install distributor screw
with new washer, Fig. 11.
a. Torque screw to 17.0 Nm (150 in. lbs.).
7. Install fuel delivery lines.
a. Torque to 25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.).
DISTRIBUTOR
SCREW
Fig. 11 – Installing Distributor Screw
INJECTORS
Remove Injectors
NOTE: Use care to prevent any dirt from entering
injector holes or delivery valve ports when
fuel delivery lines are removed.
1. Remove fuel delivery lines, Fig. 12.
2. Disconnect fuel return line hose.
3. Remove nuts and fuel return line.
a. Discard fuel return line gaskets.
Fig. 12 – Removing Fuel Lines
6
10
INJECTORS
4. Remove injector nozzles, Fig. 13.
a. Discard injector gaskets.
NOTE: Handle injectors with extreme care. Do
not drop!
Always use new fuel return line and injector nozzle
gaskets when servicing fuel system.
Fig. 13 – Removing Injectors
Checking Injectors
Fuel injector nozzle testing requires highly specialized equipment and procedures. Consult the Yellow Pages under
Engines-Diesel-Fuel Injection Service & Parts for the nearest diesel fuel injection specialist.
The procedures and specifications listed are provided as an aid to the fuel injection specialist when testing injector
nozzles.
1. With injector installed on a nozzle tester, operate
the handle rapidly several times to clean off any
carbon deposits on the injector port, Fig. 14.
2. Check ‘‘pop off” pressure of injector.
Specification: 135 – 145 Bar
(1955 – 2100 psi)
Fig. 14 – Checking Injector
If injector is not within specification, the injector shim
may be changed, Fig. 15.
Replacement shims are available in .025 mm increments from .7 to 1.95 mm.
SHIM
NOTE: As the shim thickness increases or decreases by .025 mm, injection pressure
will vary about 5 Bar (71 psi).
Torque nozzle holder and injector body to 47.0 Nm
(35 ft. lbs.).
Fig. 15 – Injector Shim
7
10
INJECTORS
3. Check injector for leakage, Fig. 16.
Maintain injector pressure at approximately 120 Bar
(1707 psi), for about 10 seconds. Make sure there is no
leakage from nozzle or retaining nut area.
Fig. 16 – Checking Leakage
4. Check spray pattern of nozzle, Fig. 17.
Operate tester handle rapidly while observing pattern.
Spray pattern should be uniform and centered under
nozzle.
NOTE: A buzzing or chattering sound should also
occur while operating handle. Nozzle
should not drip between pump strokes.
Fig. 17 – Checking Spray Pattern
Install Injectors
Install injectors and fuel return line with new gaskets,
Fig. 18. Install fuel delivery lines.
a. Torque injectors to 61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.).
b. Torque fuel return line to 27.0 Nm (20 ft. lbs.).
c. Torque fuel delivery lines to 25.0 Nm
(220 in. lbs.).
Fig. 18 – Installing Injectors
FUEL FILTER – GENERAL
The fuel filter consists of a replaceable cartridge type
filter with a water level sensor and priming pump,
Fig. 19.
PRIMER
BUTTON
O-RING
VENT PLUG
Replace fuel filter cartridge every 800 hours of engine
operation.
The water collector contains a float type sensor that
activates a warning lamp when it collects a minimum of
80 cc’s (2.5 fl. oz.) of water.
DRAIN PLUG
FILTER
Fig. 19 – Fuel Filter
8
FLOAT
10
FUEL FILTER
Draining Water Collector
Change Fuel Filter
When warning lamp comes on, drain water collector
as follows:
1. Stop engine.
1. Disconnect sensor wire and remove drain plug.
Discard O-ring.
2. Place a drain pan under filter and loosen vent plug.
3. Screw new filter on by hand until gasket contacts
housing. Then tighten 1/3 turn more.
3. Loosen drain plug approximately 1 turn and drain
water from filter until only fuel flows from filter.
4. Tighten drain plug and vent plug and wipe up any
spills.
5. Start engine, making sure warning lamp goes out.
Check for leaks.
2. Remove fuel filter with a filter wrench.
4. Install drain plug with new O-ring and connect
sensor wire.
5. Activate primer button until resistance is felt.
6. Start engine and check for leaks.
Checking Float Sensor
The following test will be made with the meter in the
‘‘Diode Test Position”
FLOAT
.
Disconnect sensor wire from equipment harness and
remove float sensor from fuel filter.
1. Attach a meter test lead to each terminal in
connector.
2. While holding drain plug in vertical position, raise
float to end of travel, Fig. 20.
a. Meter should make a continuous tone.
3. Now lower float
Fig. 20 – Checking Sensor
a. Meter should display OL.
Replace drain plug and float sensor if not to specification.
FUEL SHUT-OFF SOLENOID
When the ignition switch is turned to the ‘‘On” and
‘‘Start” position the fuel shut off solenoid valve opens
allowing fuel to enter the fill port and pressure
chamber. When the keyswitch is turned ‘‘Off” the
solenoid closes shutting off the the fuel supply and the
engine, Fig. 21.
FUEL
SHUT-OFF
SOLENOID
Solenoid is operating if a click is heard when keyswitch
is turned ‘‘On” and ‘‘Off.”
If solenoid does not click, problem may be in equipment wiring to solenoid.
Fig. 21 – Fuel Shut-Off Solenoid
Checking Fuel Shut-Off Solenoid Wiring
The following test will be made with the meter in the
(DC Volts position).
EQUIPMENT
WIRING HARNESS
CONNECTOR
Turn keyswitch to ‘‘Off” position and disconnect
equipment solenoid wire.
1. Attach BLACK meter test lead to a good ground.
2. Attach RED meter test lead to connector in equipment solenoid wire and turn keyswitch to ‘‘On”
position.
3. Meter should display battery voltage, Fig. 22.
Fig. 22 – Testing Solenoid Wiring
a. If meter does not display battery voltage,
check for broken solenoid wire, blown fuse (if
equipped) or defective keyswitch.
9
10
INJECTOR PUMP IDENTIFICATION
IDENTIFICATION CODE
7 : 700 cc
8 : 850 cc
9 : 950 cc
NAME
PLATE
DESTINATION
U : USA
J : Japan
X : Except for
USA
SERIAL
NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION
CODE
TABLE 3
Engine Speed Specification Chart
Pump Mfg. Part No.
ID Code
Model & Type No.
Idle Speed (rpm)
Top No Load (rpm)
22100-87801
7U1
432447-0105-E2
1200±50
3850±50
22100-8713
7U2
432447-0205-E2
1200±50
3850±50
582447-0105-E2
582447-0205-E2
1200±50
3850±50
582447-0130-E2
582447-0230-E2
1200±50
3300±50
582447-0219-E2
582447-0222–E2
1600±50
3600±50
582447-0221-E2
1750±50
3600±50
582447-0225-E2
1050±50
3850±50
582447-0232-E2
1200±50
3400±50
582447-0125-E2
1850±50
3420±50
582447-0131-E2
582447-0231-E2
1700±50
3600±50
522447-0105-E2
1200±50
3850±50
522447-0108-E2
1600±50
3350±50
522447-0106-E2
1850±50
3420±50
522447-0109-E2
1850±50
3420±50
522447-0107-E2
1525±50
2775±50
22100-87802
22100
87802
10
9U1
22100-87806
9U2
22100 87807
22100-87807
8U1
22100 87809
22100-87809
8U2
22100-87810
8U3
22100-87815
8U4
522447-0107-E2
1540±50
2790±50
22100-87817
8U5
522447–0107–E2
1540±50
2790±50
22100-87811
9U4
58A447–0205–E2
1200±50
3850±50
22100-87818
9U5
588447–0205–E2
1200±50
3850±50
588447–0216–E2
1800±50
3600±50
588447–0230–E2
1600±50
3600±50
588447–0225–E2
1050±50
3850±50
10
ENGINE SPEED
ADJUST IDLE SPEED
Engine should be at operating temperature before
adjusting idle speed.
LOCK NUT
IDLE
SPEED
SCREW
SPEED
CONTROL
LEVER
Make sure speed control lever contacts idle speed
screw with engine at idle.
1. Loosen idle speed screw lock nut and adjust idle
speed screw to obtain RPM specified by model
and type number shown in chart, Fig. 23.
NOTE: Do exceed RPM shown for specific model
and type number.
a. Torque lock nut to 6.0 Nm (50 in. lbs.).
ÏÏ
Ï
ÏÏ
Ï
Fig. 23 – Adjusting Idle Speed
SPEED
CONTROL
LEVER
ADJUST TOP NO LOAD SPEED
Engine should be at operating temperature before
adjusting idle speed.
Temporarily disconnect speed control wire at control
bracket on pump.
1. Remove and discard top no load wire and seal.
TOP NO
LOAD
SPEED
SCREW
LOCK NUT
2. Loosen top no load speed screw lock nut.
3. Move speed control lever to FAST position and
adjust top no load speed screw to RPM specified
by model and type number shown in chart, Fig. 24.
NOTE: Do exceed RPM shown for specific model
and type number.
4. Stop engine and torque lock nut to 6.0 Nm
(50 in. lbs.).
Ï
ÏÏ
Fig. 24 – Adjusting Top No Load Speed
5. Reassemble speed control wire at bracket.
a. Tighten screws securely.
b. Make sure speed control lever contacts top
no load screw when throttle lever is in
FAST position.
11
11
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 11
Electrical System
Section Contents
Page
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
GLOW PLUG SYSTEM
Glow Plug Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Remove Glow Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Testing Glow Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
PREHEAT TIMER AND GLOW RELAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Testing Preheat Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Testing Glow Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
KEYSWITCHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
14 AMP CHARGING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Testing Alternator – AC Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Testing Regulator-rectifier – DC Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Charging Indicator Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Testing Charging Indicator Bulb And Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
40 AMP CHARGING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Testing Alternator – DC Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Disassemble Alternator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Checking Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Install Ball Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Checking Rotor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Check Brushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Check Regulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Check Rectifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Assemble Alternator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
MAY 2002
1
11
Section Contents (Continued)
Page
STARTER SYSTEM – GENERAL INFORMATION
STARTER CURRENT DRAW TEST – INSTALLED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STARTER CURRENT DRAW TEST – NO LOAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Starter (No Load) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
STARTER SOLENOID
Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remove Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remove Pinion And Clutch Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Pinion And Clutch Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assemble Pinion And Clutch Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install Solenoid Contacts And Plunger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DISASSEMBLE STARTER MOTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspect Armature Commutator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspect Brushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replace Brushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASSEMBLE STARTER MOTOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WIRING DIAGRAMS
14 AMP WIRING DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40 AMP WIRING DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
20
20
21
21
22
22
24
24
24
25
26
27
28
11
Electrical System Components
(Typical 40 Amp Alternator Shown)
FUEL
FILTER
INJECTION
PUMP
WATER INDICATOR
LIGHT
PREHEATING TIMER
1
2
3
KEYSWITCH
PART NO.
493625
4
6
7
3
2
GLOW
RELAY
8
4
5
5
1
6
GLOW
LIGHT
SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS
KEYSWITCH
TERMINAL FUNCTION
2
ACCESSORY & PREHEAT TIMER
4
SOLENOID & PREHEAT TIMER
5
BATTERY
NOTE: TERMINALS 1, 3, 6 NOT USED
CHARGE INDICATOR
LIGHT
“IG”
TERMINAL
“L”
TERMINAL
STARTER MOTOR
“B”
TERMINAL
40 AMP
ALTERNATOR
“B”
TERMINAL
12 VOLT BATTERY
“IG”
TERMINAL
“L”
TERMINAL
Fig. 1
3
11
GLOW PLUG SYSTEM
Glow Plug
The glow plug is a self regulating type, consisting of
two metal heating element coils; a rush coil and a brake
coil, Fig. 2. The rush coil provides rapid heating of the
tip of the glow plug. The brake coil decreases current to
the glow plug by increasing resistance as the temperature rises, regulating the temperature of the glow plug.
RUSH
COIL
BRAKE
COIL
Glow Plug Specifications
Rated Voltage
Rated Current
Normal Resistance
11V
9.5A
1.0 Ω
Fig. 2 – Glow Plug
Remove Glow Plug
Disconnect glow plug wiring from connector.
1. Remove glow plug connector nuts and connector.
2. Remove glow plugs, Fig. 3.
Handle glow plugs with care. Do not drop. Do not
scratch heater section.
Test Equipment
The digital multimeter, Tool #19390 is required to test
the glow plug.
Fig. 3 – Removing Glow Plugs
Testing Glow Plug
With meter selector switch in
position, a
continuous tone indicates continuity (complete circuit).
No tone indicates no continuity (incomplete circuit). An
incomplete circuit will be displayed as “OL.”
1. Check glow plug for continuity as shown, Fig. 4.
a. If meter indicates NO continuity, replace glow
plug.
Fig. 4 – Testing Glow Plugs
4
11
GLOW PLUG SYSTEM
PREHEAT TIMER AND GLOW RELAY
The preheat timer and glow relay regulate current to
the glow plugs for preheating and starting. When the
keyswitch is turned to the “On” position, with the engine
cold, the preheat timer activates the glow plugs. An
indicator light lights and remains on while the glow
plugs are preheating the combustion chamber. When
the indicator light goes out, the engine may be started.
When the keyswitch is in the “Start” position, the glow
plugs and light are activated again as the engine is
cranking.
See Fig. 5 for terminal positions of the preheat timer
and glow relay.
1
2
3
4
7
6
8
5
GLOW
RELAY
PREHEAT TIMER
Fig. 5 – Terminal Positions
Testing Preheat Timer
The following test will be made with the meter in the
(DC Volts position), Fig. 6.
Turn keyswitch to “Off” position.
1. Insert BLACK meter test lead probe into terminal
#4.
1
2. Insert RED meter test lead probe into terminal #3.
3. Turn keyswitch to “On” position.
2
a. Glow light should light. Meter should display
1.5 volts maximum.
b. After 5 seconds (approximately), glow light
should go out. Meter should display approximately battery voltage.
4. Replace preheat timer if not to specification.
3
NOTE: If glow light does not light, replace bulb.
4
Fig. 6 – Testing Preheat Timer
Testing Glow Relay
The following test will be made with the meter in the
(DC Volts position), Fig. 7.
Turn keyswitch to “Off” position.
1. Insert BLACK meter test lead probe into terminal
#8.
7
6
8
5
2. Insert RED meter test lead probe into terminal #7.
a. Meter should display battery voltage.
3. Turn keyswitch to “On” position.
a. Glow light should light. Meter should display
0.5 volts maximum.
b. After 5 seconds (approximately), glow light
should go out. Meter should display
approximate battery voltage.
4. Replace glow relay if not to specification.
Fig. 7 – Testing Glow Relay
5
11
GLOW PLUG SYSTEM
KEYSWITCHES
2+5
ON
Two types of keyswitches may be used on Briggs &
Stratton Daihatsu diesel engines.
1+3+6
START
OFF
2 + 4 +5
NOT
USED
Fixed Timer Preheat Keyswitch –
Part No. 493625
START
ON
Keyswitch, Part No. 493625, is used with a preheat
timer and glow relay, Fig. 8. With the keyswitch in the
“On” and “Start” position, battery current is supplied to
the preheat timer and glow relay. See keyswitch
terminal positions and functions, Fig. 8.
3
2
3
2
4
5
1
See Fig. 78 and Fig. 79 at end of section, for wiring
diagrams for keyswitch No. 493625.
4
5
1
6
6
Test switch terminals for continuity with keyswitch in positions shown
2
Accessory & Preheat Timer
4
Solenoid & Preheat Timer
5
Battery
NOTE: Terminals 1, 3, 6 Not Used
Fig. 8 – Keyswitch – Fixed Timer Preheat
Manual Preheat Keyswitch –
Part No. 825129
B+B
The manual preheat keyswitch, Part No. 825129, is
equipped with four positions and six terminals, Fig. 9.
The “G1” terminal provides current to the glow plugs
only when the switch is in the “Heat” position. When the
keyswitch is turned to the “Start” position the “G2”
terminal provides current to the glow plugs while the
engine is cranking. See keyswitch terminal positions
and functions, Fig. 10.
Symbols are shown as they appear on rear of
keyswitch. Note that “B” terminal is connected to
terminal below it, Fig. 10. Keyswitch will not function
without connector.
HEAT
G1
Connector
START
G1
B
S
M
B+B+G1
See Fig. 80 and Fig. 81 for wiring diagrams for
keyswitch No. 825129.
G1
S
G2
B
M
B+B
G2
B
G2
B
M
B+B+M
Test switch terminals for continuity with keyswitch in positions shown.
Fig. 10 – Terminal Positions And Functions
6
G1
B
S
G2
B
Fig. 9 – Keyswitch – Manual Preheat
ON
B
S
B+B+M
ON
START B+B+S+M+G2
OFF
B
OFF
B+B+G1
HEAT
M
B+B+S+M+G2
B
Battery (2)
S
Solenoid
G1
Glow Plug (Preheat)
G2
Glow Plug (Cranking)
M
Accessory
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
14 AMP CHARGING SYSTEM
The 14 amp charging system consists of two
components:
1. The belt driven permanent magnet alternator
produces AC voltage, Fig. 11. AC output will vary
with engine RPM, from approximately 7 volts AC
at 1000 RPM to 32 volts AC at 3000 RPM.
NOTE: A loose V-belt will cause low AC output.
Belt deflection limit is 9.5-11.5 mm/10 kg.
(3/8-7/16 in./22 lb.).
Fig. 11 – 14 Amp Alternator
2. The regulator-rectifier converts the AC current to
DC and regulates current to the battery, Fig. 12.
The charging rate will vary with engine RPM. The
regulator-rectifier is equipped with a charging
indicator light circuit.
NOTE: The regulator-rectifier requires a minimum battery voltage of 6 volts to function.
There will be no charging output if
battery voltage is below 6 volts.
CHARGE INDICATOR
LIGHT
Fig. 78 and Fig. 80 at end of section, show wiring
diagrams for typical 14 amp charging system.
Fig. 12 – Regulator-rectifier
Test Equipment
The digital multimeter, Tool #19464 and the DC shunt,
Tool #19468, Fig. 13, are required to test the charging
system.
NOTE: The digital multimeter will withstand DC
input of 10-20 amps for up to 30 seconds.
To avoid blowing fuse in meter, the DC
shunt is required.
Replacement fuse is available from your Briggs &
Stratton source of supply. Order Part No. 19449.
19464
19468
Fig. 13 – Test Equipment
7
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
Testing Alternator – AC Output
The alternator output test will be performed with the
meter in the V~ (AC volts) position, Fig. 14.
Disconnect alternator wires at connector.
Attach meter test leads to alternator output connectors
BEFORE starting engine, Fig. 14.
1. With the engine running at 3300 RPM the output
should be no less than 28 volts AC.
a. If no output or low output is found, replace
alternator.
b. If alternator output is within specification, reconnect alternator wires and test regulator
rectifier.
Testing Regulator-Rectifier – DC Output
The DC Shunt must be installed on the negative (-)
terminal of the battery, Fig. 15. All connections must be
clean and tight for correct amperage readings.
Attach meter test leads BEFORE starting engine.
Fig. 14 – Testing Alternator Output
ATTACH NEGATIVE
BATTERY CABLE
BLACK
LEAD
RED
LEAD
The regulator-rectifier test will be performed with the
meter in the
position.
1. Attach RED meter test lead to RED post terminal
on shunt.
2. Attach BLACK meter test lead to BLACK post
terminal on shunt.
NEGATIVE
BATTERY
TERMINAL
Fig. 15 – DC Shunt Installation
3. With the engine running at 3300 RPM, the output
should be:
* 4 – 14 Amps
* Depending upon battery voltage and/or current draw
on system.
4. If no or low output is found, be sure that regulatorrectifier is grounded properly and all connections
are clean and secure. If there is still no or low
output, replace the regulator-rectifier.
8
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
Charging Indicator Circuit
The green wire from the regulator-rectifier is used to
activate the charging indicator light. With the keyswitch
in the “ON” position and the engine not running the
charge indicator light should light, Fig. 16. With the
engine running the light should go out, indicating that
the battery is being charged.
If the charge indicator light does not light when the
keyswitch is in the “ON” position (engine not running),
check the bulb and wiring.
CHARGE INDICATOR
LIGHT
Fig. 16 – Charge Indicator Light
Testing Charging Indicator Bulb And Wiring
The following test will be made with the meter in the
“Diode Test Position”
, Fig. 17.
With meter selector switch in
position, a
continuous tone indicates continuity (complete circuit).
No tone indicates no continuity (incomplete circuit). An
incomplete circuit will be displayed as “OL.”
Fig. 17 – Meter Setting
Keyswitch must be in OFF position.
1. Disconnect output harness at regulator-rectifier.
2. Check continuity between charging indicator wire
(green) and ground, Fig. 18.
a. If meter indicates continuity, bulb and wiring
are OK. Replace regulator-rectifier.
b. If meter indicates NO continuity, replace bulb
and re-test.
c. If meter indicates NO continuity with new bulb,
the problem must be a broken wire (open
circuit) in the charging indicator circuit.
If the charge indicator light remains on with the engine
running, test the regulator-rectifier DC output. If output
is within specification and charge indicator light
remains on, replace the regulator-rectifier.
HARNESS CONNECTOR
LIGHT
BLUE
BLACK
LIGHT
BLUE
GREEN
YELLOW
RED
WIRE COLOR AND TERMINAL POSITION
GREEN-CHARGE LAMP WIRE
Fig. 18 – Testing Bulb And Wiring
9
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
40 AMP CHARGING SYSTEM
“L”
TERMINAL
Fig. 1 shows wiring diagram for 40 amp charging
system.
The 40 amp charging system consists of a belt driven,
internally regulated alternator, Fig. 19.
“IG”
TERMINAL
The alternator contains a charge light circuit (“L”
terminal). With the keyswitch in the ON position and
the engine not running the charge indicator light should
light. With the engine running the light should go out,
indicating that the battery is being charged.
If the charge indicator light does not light when the
keyswitch is in the ON position (engine not running),
check the bulb and wiring.
Note:
Fig. 19 – 40 Amp Alternator
A loose V-belt will cause low DC output.
Belt deflection limit is 9.5-11.5 mm/10 kg
(3/8-7/16 in./22 lbs.).
TEST EQUIPMENT
The digital multimeter, Tool #19464 and the DC shunt,
Tool #19468, Fig. 20, are required to test the charging
system.
Note:
The digital multimeter will withstand DC
input of 10-20 amps for up to 30 seconds.
To avoid blowing fuse in meter, the DC
shunt is required.
Replacement fuse is available from your Briggs &
Stratton source of supply. Order Part No. 19449.
19464
19468
Fig. 20 – Test Equipment
TESTING ALTERNATOR – DC OUTPUT
The DC Shunt must be installed on the negative (-)
terminal of the battery, Fig. 21. All connections must be
clean and tight for correct amperage readings.
Attach meter test leads BEFORE starting engine.
The regulator-rectifier test will be performed with the
meter in the
position.
1. Attach RED meter test lead to RED post terminal
on shunt.
ATTACH NEGATIVE
BATTERY CABLE
BLACK
LEAD
RED
LEAD
2. Attach BLACK meter test lead to BLACK post
terminal on shunt.
3. With the engine running at 2000 RPM, the output
should be:
* 4 – 20 Amps
* Depending upon battery voltage and/or current draw
on system.
4. If no or low output is found, be sure that all
connections are clean and secure.
5. If all connections are OK, replace or repair the
alternator.
10
NEGATIVE
BATTERY
TERMINAL
Fig. 21 – DC Shunt Installation
“B”
TERMINAL
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
DISASSEMBLE ALTERNATOR
1. Remove pulley nut using tool #19491 and 10 mm
deep socket as shown in Fig. 22.
a. Remove pulley and spacer.
Replace pulley if damaged or worn.
Fig. 22 – Remove Pulley
2. Remove nut and insulator at “B” terminal.
3. Remove three screws and brush cover, Fig. 23.
B
TERMINAL
Fig. 23 – Remove Rear Cover
4. Remove two screws,
assembly, Fig. 24.
then
brush
retainer
Important: Length of brush retainer screws are
different. Do not mix.
Screw “A”: 11.5 mm
Screw “B”: 9.0 mm
A
11.5 mm
B
9.0 mm
Fig. 24 – Remove Brush Retainer
5. Remove three screws and regulator, Fig. 25.
Fig. 25 – Remove Regulator
11
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
6. Remove four stator lead screws from rectifier,
Fig. 26.
a. Carefully straighten stator leads.
b. Remove rectifier.
STATOR
LEADS
STATOR
LEADS
Fig. 26 – Remove Rectifier
7. Scribe or place a reference mark on drive end and
brush end housing so that they may be
re-assembled in original position.
8. Remove two nuts and two thru bolts.
9. Remove brush end housing being careful not to
damage stator leads, Fig. 27.
Fig. 27 – Remove Brush End Housing
10. Remove rotor from drive end housing, Fig. 28.
Note:
ROTOR
Stator is NOT removable.
Fig. 28 – Remove Rotor
CHECKING BEARINGS
Ball bearings must rotate freely. If any rough spots are
felt the ball bearing must be replaced.
Note: Rotor and ball bearing are an assembly. If
bearing is worn, replace rotor assembly.
19416 DRIVER
Remove Ball Bearing
1. Remove four screws and bearing retainer, Fig. 29.
2. Support drive housing on blocks.
3. Press out bearing from pulley side of drive end
housing using driver #19416.
DO NOT re-use ball bearings that have been removed
from drive end housing. The bearing races are usually
damaged during removal.
12
Fig. 29 – Remove Bearing Retainer
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
INSTALL BALL BEARING
1. Lightly lubricate bearing O.D. with engine oil.
19226 DRIVER
2. Press in new bearing using bearing driver #19226,
Fig. 30.
3. Install retainer and four screws.
Fig. 30 – Install Ball Bearing
CHECKING ROTOR
The following test will be made with the meter in the
1
“Diode Test Position”
.
1. Use digital multimeter and check for continuity
between slip rings as shown, Fig. 31.
2
a. Meter should make continuous tone
(continuity).
b. If meter displays “OL”, (no continuity) replace
rotor.
2. Check for continuity between slip ring and rotor
shaft.
a. Meter should display “OL”, (no continuity).
Fig. 31 – Check Rotor
3. Measure slip ring diameter, Fig. 32.
STD:
14.4 mm (.567”)
Reject: 14.0 mm (.551”)
Slip rings may be cleaned with fine sandpaper (#300 –
500 grit).
Fig. 32 – Check Slip Ring
CHECK BRUSHES
Measure length of brushes protruding from brush
holder, Fig. 33.
STD:
10.5 mm (.413”)
Reject: 8.0 mm (.315”)
Fig. 33 – Check Brushes
13
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
CHECK REGULATOR
B
The following test will be made with the meter in the
“Diode Test Position”
.
1. Attach BLACK meter test lead to terminal “A” as
shown, Fig. 34.
2. Contact terminal “B” with RED meter test lead,
Fig. 34.
a. Meter should “beep” once.
b. If meter displays “OL” or makes a continuous
tone, regulator is defective. Replace regulator.
A
Fig. 34 – Check Regulator
CHECK RECTIFIER
The following test will be made with the meter in the
“Diode Test Position”
.
1. Attach BLACK meter test lead to “B” terminal,
Fig. 35. Leave attached through Step 3.
#4
2. Contact #1 terminal with RED meter test lead,
Fig. 35.
a. Meter should “beep” once.
b. If meter displays “OL” or makes a continuous
tone, diode is defective. Replace rectifier.
3. Repeat test at #2, #3 and #4 terminals.
B
TERMINAL
#1
#3
#2
a. Results must be the same.
Fig. 35 – Check Rectifier
4. Attach RED test lead to one of the three rectifier
mounting holes, Fig. 36. Leave attached through
Step 6.
5. Contact #1 terminal with BLACK meter test lead,
Fig. 36.
a. Meter should “beep” once.
b. If meter displays “OL” or makes a continuous
tone, diode is defective. Replace rectifier.
6. Repeat test at #2, #3 and #4 terminals.
#4
a. Results must be the same.
#1
#3
#2
Fig. 36 – Check Rectifier
ASSEMBLE ALTERNATOR
1. Assemble rotor to drive end housing, Fig. 37.
2. Assemble spacer, pulley and nut to rotor shaft.
a. Do not tighten nut at this time.
b. Place pulley side down on work surface.
Fig. 37 – Installing Rotor
14
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
3. Assemble brush end housing to drive end housing
with reference marks aligned, Fig. 38.
Note: Do not damage stator leads.
4. Install thru bolts and nuts.
a. Torque to 5.0 Nm (45 in. lbs.).
Fig. 38 – Assemble Housings
5. Align stator wires with holes in rectifier and
assemble rectifier to brush end housing, Fig. 39.
6. Carefully form a “U” bend in stator wires.
a. Install screws and tighten securely.
RECTIFIER
Fig. 39 – Install Rectifier
7. Install regulator with three screws shown, Fig. 40.
Fig. 40 – Install Regulator
8. Assemble cover to brush holder, Fig. 41.
COVER
Fig. 41 – Install Brush Cover
15
11
CHARGING SYSTEMS
9. Install brush holder.
Important: Length of brush retainer screws are
different. Install as shown, Fig. 42.
Screw “A”: 11.5 mm
Screw “B”: 9.0 mm
B
9.0 mm
A
11.5 mm
Fig. 42 – Install Brush Holder
10. Install rear cover and three screws, Fig. 43.
a. Torque screws to 3.0 Nm (25 in. lbs.).
11. Install insulator and nut.
a. Torque nut to 4.0 Nm (35 in. lbs.).
Fig. 43 – Install Cover
Torque drive pulley using the following procedure,
Fig. 44.
1. Hold nut with tool #19491.
TURN WRENCH
COUNTERCLOCKWISE
HOLD NUT
2. With torque wrench, turn 10 mm deep socket
COUNTERCLOCKWISE.
a. Torque to 70.0 Nm (50 ft. lbs.).
Fig. 44 – Torque Pulley
16
11
STARTER SYSTEM
IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
28100-87805
Fig. 45 – 1.0 Kw (Standard)
IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
28100-87806
Fig. 46 – 1.2 Kw (Optional)
STARTER SYSTEM – GENERAL INFORMATION
Two different starter motors are used on Briggs & Stratton Daihatsu diesel engines. The standard motor is rated at 1.0
Kw., Fig. 45. The optional starter is rated at 1.2 Kw., Fig. 46. The starters are identified by their identification numbers.
The starters are similar enough that service procedures and specifications are the same. Where differences occur,
they will be shown.
Engine temperature should be at least 21° C (70° F).
STARTER CURRENT DRAW TEST – ALL
Make
sure battery and solenoid connections are clean
(Starter Installed)
and tight.
Important: When making the starter current draw test
NOTE: Battery voltage must not be below 11.7
make sure that all parasitic load is removed from the
volts.
engine and that engine has the correct viscosity oil.
Test Equipment
The following equipment is required to test current
draw of starter, Fig. 47.
1. Digital multimeter, Tool #19464.
2. DC shunt, Tool #19468.
3. Two battery cables with alligator clips.
4. One jumper wire with alligator clips.
5. A fully charged 12 volt battery.
19390
19468
BATTERY
CABLES
JUMPER
WIRE
Fig. 47 – Test Equipment
17
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Testing Starter – All
NOTE: To prevent engine from starting, remove
fuel shut off solenoid wire from injector
pump.
NEGATIVE
BATTERY
CABLE
RED
LEAD
The starter current draw test will be performed with the
meter in the
BLACK
LEAD
position.
The DC Shunt must be installed on the negative (-)
terminal of the battery, Fig. 48.
1. Attach RED meter test lead to RED post terminal
on shunt.
2. Attach BLACK meter test lead to BLACK post
terminal on shunt.
3. Activate starter.
a. Allow 3 seconds for meter reading to stabilize.
4. Current draw should not exceed 140 amps DC.
If amperage draw exceeds specification, remove
starter from engine and perform No Load starter
current draw test.
Fig. 48 – Starter Current Draw Test
STARTER CURRENT DRAW TEST – NO LOAD
BLACK
LEAD
NEGATIVE
CABLE
Remove starter motor.
To hold starter securely while testing, clamp starter
mounting bracket in a vise. DO NOT clamp starter
housing in a vise or field windings or magnets may be
damaged.
JUMPER
WIRE
RED
LEAD
Testing Starter (No Load)
The No Load starter current draw test will be performed with the meter in the
position.
The DC Shunt must be installed on the negative (-)
terminal of the battery, Fig. 49.
1. Attach RED meter test lead to RED post terminal
on shunt.
2. Attach BLACK meter test lead to BLACK post
terminal on shunt.
NEGATIVE
CABLE
JUMPER
WIRE
3. Attach negative battery cable to a good ground
such as drive housing.
4. Attach positive battery cable to battery terminal on
solenoid.
5. Attach one end of jumper wire to solenoid tab
terminal, Fig. 49.
POSITIVE
CABLE
6. Activate starter by contacting positive battery
terminal with other end of jumper wire, Fig. 49.
a. Allow 3 seconds for meter reading to stabilize.
7. Current draw should not exceed 90 amps DC.
If amperage draw exceeds specification, replace
starter.
Fig. 49 – No Load Starter Current Draw Test
18
11
.
STARTER SYSTEM
STARTER SOLENOID
Test Equipment
The starter solenoid test is performed with the starter
removed from the engine.
BATTERY
CABLE
The following equipment is recommended to test the
solenoid.
1. One battery cable with alligator clips. Fig. 50.
2. A jumper wire.
JUMPER
WIRE
3. A fully charged 12 volt battery.
Fig. 50 – Test Equipment
Testing Starter Solenoid
1. Attach one end of battery cable to negative battery
terminal and other end of cable to a good ground
such as drive housing. Fig. 51.
JUMPER
WIRE
2. Attach jumper wire to tab terminal on solenoid.
3. Activate solenoid by contacting positive battery
terminal with other end of jumper wire.
a. Pinion must move outward quickly (engage).
4. Remove jumper wire from positive battery terminal.
a. Pinion must return quickly (disengage).
If pinion does not move, replace the solenoid.
Fig. 51 – Testing Solenoid
1 DRIVE HOUSING
2 PINION AND DRIVE CLUTCH
11
3 DRIVE GEAR
10
4 RETAINER
5 ROLLER BEARINGS (5)
12
6 BALL
7 RETURN SPRING
8 SOLENOID
9 ARMATURE
10 STARTER HOUSING
11 BRUSH RETAINER
12 END CAP
9
3
5
1
4
8
7
6
2
EXPLODED VIEW OF STARTER – TYPICAL
19
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Remove Solenoid
1. Remove nut and field coil wire from stud terminal
on solenoid, Fig. 52.
FIELD COIL WIRE
Fig. 52 – Removing Field Coil Wire
2. Remove through bolts and starter motor, Fig. 53.
DO NOT remove armature from starter housing or it
will be necessary to re-assemble brushes to armature.
Fig. 53 – Removing Starter Motor
3. Remove two drive end cap screws. Hold starter in
vertical position with drive housing down and
separate solenoid housing from drive housing,
Fig. 54. Note position of solenoid return spring
and ball.
NOTE: The solenoid must be replaced as an
assembly.
DRIVE
HOUSING
DOWN
Fig. 54 – Removing Solenoid
Remove Pinion And Clutch Assembly
1. Remove drive gear from bearing. Remove bearing
retainer and five roller bearings, Fig. 55.
2. Remove pinion and clutch assembly from drive
housing.
PINION
AND CLUTCH
Fig. 55 – Removing Pinion And Clutch
20
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Check Pinion And Clutch Assembly
Check pinion and gear for damage, Fig. 56. Pinion and
shaft must rotate in clutch in clockwise direction only.
Bearings must turn freely.
CLOCKWISE
NOTE: The pinion and clutch must be replaced as
an assembly.
Fig. 56 – Checking Pinion And Clutch
Assemble Pinion And Clutch Assembly
B
1. Lubricate the following components with silicone
grease before assembly, Fig. 57.
NOTE: See insert for correct assembly for type
starter.
a. Clutch gear.
b. Bearing retainer and roller bearings.
c. Drive gear.
d. Pinion shaft bearings.
e. Return spring ball.
f. Return spring.
C
1 KW
1.2 KW
D
E
A
F
D
Fig. 57 – Assembling Pinion And Clutch
2. Assemble roller bearings and retainer to drive gear
shaft, Fig. 58.
NOTE: Roller bearings must face drive housing.
Retainer must face solenoid housing.
ROLLER BEARINGS
AND RETAINER
Fig. 58 – Assembling Roller Bearings
3. Mesh drive gear with clutch gear. Install pinion and
clutch assembly and drive gear into drive housing
together, Fig. 59. Install return spring ball in clutch.
Make sure roller bearings remain in position.
Fig. 59 – Assembling Drive Housing
21
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Install Solenoid
1. Insert return spring into solenoid plunger.
2. Align pilot hole in solenoid with drive gear shaft
and assemble solenoid to drive housing, Fig. 60.
a. Torque screws to 9.0 Nm (80 in. lbs.).
DRIVE
HOUSING
DOWN
Fig. 60 – Installing Solenoid
3. Assemble starter motor to drive housing. Align tab
on starter with notch in drive housing, Fig. 61.
a. Torque screws to 9.0 Nm (80 in. lbs.).
4. Install field coil wire.
a. Torque nut to 8 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
Fig. 61 – Installing Starter Motor
Replace Solenoid Plunger And Contacts
Place starter in a vise with cover plate up.
1. Remove three screws and cover plate.
a. Discard gasket.
2. Remove plunger and spring.
Fig. 62 – Remove Plunger
3. Replace contacts if burned or worn.
Note:
Contacts and plunger must be replaced
as an assembly.
4. Measure thickness of contact plates with calipers.
Reject Dimension: 0.9 mm (0.035”).
WEAR
Fig. 63 – Checking Contacts
22
11
STARTER SYSTEM
5. Remove two nuts with 14 mm wrench, Fig. 64.
6. Remove components in sequence shown, Fig. 65.
Field Wire Terminal Side:
(1) G
(2) F
(3) E
(4) D
(5) C
(6) B
(7) A
Fig. 64 – Loosen Nuts
Battery Wire Terminal Side:
Before 99010100: 1.0 KW / After 98123100: 1.0 KW
Before 98083100: 1.2 KW / After 98090100: 1.2 KW
(1) N
(1) N
(2) M
(2) M
(3) L
(3) P
(4) K
(4) O
(5) J
(5) K
(6) I
(6) J
(7) H
(7) I
BEFORE 99010100: 1.0 KW / BEFORE 98083100: 1.2 KW
H
I
(1.2 KW)
J
N
(1.0 KW)
M
C
L
B
K
A
(8) H
7. Install components in sequence shown, Fig. 65.
D
E
Field Wire Terminal Side:
(1) A
F
G
(2) B
(3) C
AFTER 98123100: 1.0 KW / AFTER 98090100: 1.2 KW
(4) D
H
(5) E
(6) F
I
(1.2 KW)
(7) G
N
J
(1.0 KW)
M
Battery Wire Terminal Side:
Before 99010100: 1.0 KW / After 98123100: 1.0 KW
Before 98083100: 1.2 KW / After 98090100: 1.2 KW
(1) H
(1) H
(2) I
(2) I
(3) J
(3) J
(4) K
(4) K
(5) L
(5) O
(6) M
(6) P
(7) N
(7) M
P
C
B
O
K
A
D
E
F
G
(8) N
8. Do not tighten terminal nuts at this time.
Fig. 65 – Contact Assemblies
23
11
STARTER SYSTEM
9. Install new plunger and spring.
10. Place bearing driver, Tool #19422 on plunger and
compress plunger to end of travel. Maintain
pressure.
a. Torque nuts to 17 Nm (150 in. lbs.).
Note: This provides proper contact alignment
with plunger and contact plates.
11. Clean contact plates and plunger contacts.
12. Install cover plate with new gasket.
a. Torque screws to 4 Nm (35 in. lbs.).
Fig. 66 – Aligning Contact Plates
DISASSEMBLE STARTER MOTOR
1. Remove starter motor from drive housing.
2. Remove screws and end cap.
3. Remove armature from motor housing, Fig. 67.
If armature drive splines or armature bearings are
damaged or worn, replace armature.
Fig. 67 – Disassemble Starter Motor
Inspect Armature Commutator
29.0 mm
The armature commutator may be cleaned with fine
sandpaper. DO NOT use emery cloth. Commutator
may be machined to no less than 29.0 mm (1.142”),
Fig. 68.
NOTE: Minimum depth of slots between
commutator bars after machining is 0.2
mm (.008”).
The armature should be checked for shorts with a
growler.
Fig. 68 – Commutator Specifications
Inspect Brushes
Minimum brush dimension is shown below Fig. 69.
1.0 KW Starter: 9 mm (.350”).
1.2 KW Starter: 10 mm (.400”).
If brushes are worn less than specification, replace as
follows.
1.0 KW Starter: Replace brush retainer and brushes
on starter housing.
1.2 KW Starter: Starter housing and brush retainer
must be replaced as an assembly.
24
1.0 KW: 9 mm
1.2 KW: 10 mm
Fig. 69 – Minimum Brush Dimension
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Use digital multimeter and check for continuity
between field coil wire and brushes shown, Fig. 70.
The following test will be made with the meter in the
“Diode Test Position”
.
1. Attach either meter test lead to field coil wire.
2. Contact first one positive brush, then opposite
brush with other test lead as shown.
a. Meter should make continuous tone
(continuity).
b. If meter does not make a tone, (no continuity)
replace starter housing.
Fig. 70 – Checking Brushes
3. Attach either test lead to brush retainer, Fig. 71.
4. Contact first one negative brush, then opposite
brush with other test lead as shown.
a. Meter should make continuous tone
(continuity).
b. If meter does not make a tone, (no continuity)
replace brush retainer.
Fig. 71 – Checking Brushes
Replace Brushes – 1.0 KW Starter
1. Cut off brush lead wires at terminals as shown.
BRUSH
2. Use a fine file and carefully remove remaining lead
wire from terminals.
LEAD WIRE
CUT
L: 2.3 – 2.7 mm (0.090 – 0.106”)
W: 6.5 – 7.5 mm (0.255 – 0.295”)
L
W
Fig. 72 – Clean Terminals
3. Crimp replacement brushes over terminals so that
wires face in counterclockwise direction.
4. Solder brush lead wires to terminals.
5. Insert brushes into brush retainer.
COUNTERCLOCKWISE
Fig. 73 – Install Brushes
25
11
STARTER SYSTEM
ASSEMBLE STARTER MOTOR
For ease of assembly, clamp splined end of armature
in a vise as shown. Use soft jaws to prevent damage
to spline, Fig. 74.
1. Place green seal protector from Kit #19356 over
commutator.
Fig. 74 – Assemble Starter Motor
2. Using seal protector as a guide, slide motor
housing with brush retainer into position, Fig. 75.
Remove seal protector.
a. Make sure brush wires are not grounding on
brush retainer.
Fig. 75 – Assembling Motor Housing And Brushes
3. Align notch in end cap with rubber seal and install
end cap, Fig. 76.
a. Make sure brush wires are not grounding on
end cap.
Tighten screws securely.
NOTCH
RUBBER SEAL
Fig. 76 – Installing End Cap
4. Assemble starter motor to drive housing. Align tab
on starter with notch in drive housing, Fig. 77.
TAB
a. Torque screws to 9.0 Nm (80 in. lbs.).
5. Install field coil wire.
a. Torque nut to 9.0 Nm (80 in. lbs.).
6. Install starter
a. Torque screws to 34.0 Nm (25 ft. lbs.).
Fig. 77 – Installing Starter Motor
26
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram – 14 Amp Alternator (Typical)
493625 Keyswitch With Fixed Preheat Timer and Glow Relay
INJECTION
PUMP
FUEL
FILTER
PREHEATING TIMER
WATER INDICATOR
LIGHT
1
2
3
4
6
KEYSWITCH
PART NO.
493625
7
5
8
3
2
GLOW
RELAY
4
5
1
6
GLOW
LIGHT
KEYSWITCH
TERMINAL FUNCTION
2
ACCESSORY & PREHEAT TIMER
4
SOLENOID & PREHEAT TIMER
5
BATTERY
GLOW PLUGS
SOLENOID
CHARGE INDICATOR
LIGHT
NOTE: TERMINALS 1, 3, 6 NOT USED
YELLOW
GREEN
STARTER MOTOR
RED
REGULATOR
RECTIFIER
BLACK
LT. BLUE
12 VOLT BATTERY
14 AMP
ALTERNATOR
LIGHT
BLUE
BLACK
LIGHT
BLUE
GREEN
YELLOW
RED
Regulator Connector
Fig. 78
27
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram – 40 Amp Alternator (Typical)
493625 Keyswitch With Fixed Preheat Timer and Glow Relay
FUEL
FILTER
INJECTION
PUMP
WATER INDICATOR
LIGHT
PREHEATING TIMER
1
2
3
KEYSWITCH
PART NO.
493625
4
6
7
3
2
GLOW
RELAY
8
4
5
5
1
6
GLOW
LIGHT
SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS
KEYSWITCH
TERMINAL FUNCTION
2
ACCESSORY & PREHEAT TIMER
4
SOLENOID & PREHEAT TIMER
5
BATTERY
NOTE: TERMINALS 1, 3, 6 NOT USED
CHARGE INDICATOR
LIGHT
“IG”
TERMINAL
“L”
TERMINAL
STARTER MOTOR
“B”
TERMINAL
40 AMP
ALTERNATOR
“B”
TERMINAL
12 VOLT BATTERY
“IG”
TERMINAL
“L”
TERMINAL
Fig. 79
28
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram – 14 Amp Alternator (Typical)
825129 Keyswitch – Manual Preheat
INJECTION
PUMP
FUEL
FILTER
WATER INDICATOR
LIGHT
KEYSWITCH
PART NO.
825129
B
G1
S
G2
B
M
GLOW
LIGHT
KEYSWITCH
TERMINAL FUNCTION
B
BATTERY
S
SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS
SOLENOID
CHARGE INDICATOR
LIGHT
G1 GLOW PLUG (PREHEAT)
G2 GLOW PLUG (CRANKING)
M
ACCESSORY
YELLOW
GREEN
STARTER MOTOR
RED
REGULATOR
RECTIFIER
BLACK
LT. BLUE
12 VOLT BATTERY
14 AMP
ALTERNATOR
LIGHT
BLUE
BLACK
LIGHT
BLUE
GREEN
YELLOW
RED
Regulator Connector
Fig. 80
29
11
STARTER SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram – 40 Amp Alternator (Typical)
825129 Keyswitch – Manual Preheat
FUEL
FILTER
INJECTION
PUMP
WATER INDICATOR
LIGHT
KEYSWITCH
PART NO.
825129
B
G1
S
G2
B
M
GLOW
LIGHT
SOLENOID
GLOW PLUGS
KEYSWITCH
TERMINAL FUNCTION
B
BATTERY
S
SOLENOID
G1 GLOW PLUG (PREHEAT)
G2 GLOW PLUG (CRANKING)
M
CHARGE INDICATOR
LIGHT
“IG”
TERMINAL
“L”
TERMINAL
STARTER MOTOR
ACCESSORY
“B”
TERMINAL
40 AMP
ALTERNATOR
“B”
TERMINAL
12 VOLT BATTERY
“IG”
TERMINAL
“L”
TERMINAL
Fig. 81
30
12
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 12
Lubrication System
Section Contents
Page
DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CHANGE OIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CHANGE OIL FILTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CHECK OIL PRESSURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
DISASSEMBLE GEAR CASE
Remove Oil Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
ASSEMBLE GEAR CASE
Install Oil Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
ROCKER ARM SHAFT
CAMSHAFT
OIL NOZZLE
CRANKSHAFT
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
ÉÉ
ÇÇ
ÉÉ
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
ÇÇ
OIL PUMP
OIL FILTER
OIL STRAINER
Recommended SAE Viscosity Grades
*
°F -30
°C -34
-10
10
32
50
70
90
110
-23
-12
0
10
21
32
43
STARTING TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
* A synthetic 5W-30 oil may be used.
Use a high quality detergent oil classified ‘‘For Service SE/CD” or higher. Use no special additives with recommended oils.
MAY 2002
1
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
DESCRIPTION
Briggs & Stratton Daihatsu gasoline and diesel engines use a full pressure lubrication system with an oil filter.
The gear driven oil pump draws oil from a screened oil pickup in the oil pan and pumps the oil through the oil filter.
The filtered oil flows through oil galleries in the cylinder block and is distributed to the main bearings, connecting rod
bearings, camshaft bearings and rocker arm shaft.
A pressure relief valve limits the maximum oil pressure in the system.
CHANGE OIL
Change oil and filter after first 50 hours of operation.
Thereafter, change oil every 100 hours of operation.
Change oil filter every 200 hours of operation.
Change oil and filter more often if engine is operated
in dusty or dirty conditions or if engine is operated
under heavy loads or high ambient air temperatures.
Remove oil drain plug and drain oil while engine is still
warm, Fig. 1. Check oil drain plug gasket and replace if
necessary. Install and torque drain plug to 24.8 Nm
(220 in. lbs.).
OIL FILTER
DRAIN PLUG
Fig. 1 – Oil Drain Plug
Remove oil fill cap and refill with oil of recommended
grade and viscosity. See Page 1.
Oil Capacity: 3.3 liters (3.5 quarts)
Fill to FULL mark on dipstick.
OIL FILL CAP
Fig. 2 – Oil Fill Cap
CHANGE OIL FILTER
Change oil filter every 200 hours of operation.
Before installing new filter, lightly oil filter gasket with
fresh clean engine oil.
NOTE: Hand tighten 1/2 turn after gasket
contacts mounting surface.
1/2 TURN
Fig. 3 – Replacing Oil Filter
2
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
CHECK OIL PRESSURE
1. Oil level should be between the LOW and FULL
marks on dipstick. If oil level is low, check for leaks
and add to FULL mark.
OIL LEVEL
SHOULD BE
BETWEEN F
AND L
MARKS ON
DIPSTICK.
Fig. 4 – Oil Level
2. Remove oil pressure switch.
3. Install oil pressure gauge.
4. Start the engine and allow it to reach normal
operating temperature.
5. Check oil pressure at 3000 RPM.
Oil Pressure: 2.0 ~ 5.0 Bar (28 ~ 70 psi)
See charts below for troubleshooting guide.
Low Oil Pressure
Engine RPM Too Low
Wrong Viscosity or Diluted Oil
Low Oil Level
Broken Pressure Relief Spring
Missing Pressure Relief Plunger
Worn Bearings
Damaged Or Defective Oil Pump
OIL PRESSURE
SWITCH
Fig. 5 – Checking Oil Pressure
High Oil Pressure
Wrong Viscosity Oil
Plugged Oil Galleries
3
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Exploded View
DISASSEMBLE GEAR CASE
Remove Oil Pump
Make sure that #1 cylinder is at TDC, compression
stroke. See Section 2.
Remove V-belt and fan (if equipped). Drain oil from
engine.
NOTE: Clean areas around fuel lines and injectors to prevent dirt entry.
1. Remove the following parts, Fig. 6.
a. Glow plug wiring.
b. Glow plugs.
c. Injector pump bracket.
d. Remove fuel delivery lines.
4
D
B
A
C
Fig. 6 – Remove Fuel Delivery Lines
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
2. Remove oil pan screws and nuts.
a. Remove oil pan and discard gasket.
b. Remove oil pick-up tube and strainer. Discard
gasket, Fig. 7.
OIL PICK-UP
TUBE
Fig. 7 – Removing Oil Pan
3. Remove bell housing adapter screw if equipped.
and install flywheel holder, Tool #19418.
LEAVE TOOL INSTALLED.
a. Remove crankshaft pulley using Tool # 19420,
Fig. 8.
FLYWHEEL
HOLDER
Fig. 8 – Removing Crankshaft Pulley
4. Remove timing gear cover, Fig. 9.
a. Discard timing gear cover gasket.
Fig. 9 – Removing Timing Gear Cover
5. Remove the following parts, Fig. 10.
a. Camshaft timing gear.
b. Oil pump gear.
c. Injector pump nut.
d. Idler gear.
C
A
D
B
Fig. 10 – Removing Gears
5
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
6. Remove injector pump timing gear with a three
jaw puller, Fig. 11.
a. Remove 2 nuts and injector pump. Discard
O-ring.
O–RING
Fig. 11 – Removing Injector Pump
7. Remove parts in sequence shown, Fig. 12.
a. Remove 3 screws and camshaft retainer.
b. Remove remaining 5 screws.
c. Remove timing gear case and discard gasket.
A
B
B
Fig. 12 – Removing Timing Gear Case
8. Inspect rotors for wear or damage, Fig. 13.
NOTE: If pump rotors are worn or damaged,
replace the gear case.
OIL PUMP
ROTORS
Fig. 13 – Inspect Rotors
9. Remove and check pressure relief valve
assembly, Fig. 14.
a. Make sure plunger has no nicks or burrs.
b. Check pressure relief valve spring free length.
10. Spring free length: 35.5 mm ± (1.400” ± .040”)
PLUNGER
WASHER
SPRING
SCREW
Fig. 14 – Checking Pressure Relief Valve
6
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
ASSEMBLE GEAR CASE
Install Oil Pump
1. Lubricate oil pump rotor with engine oil and install
in cylinder block, Fig. 15.
a. ID mark on rotor must face cylinder block.
ID MARK
OIL PUMP
ROTOR
Fig. 15 – Installing Oil Pump Rotor
2. Install timing gear case with new gasket. Install
camshaft retainer, Fig. 16.
NOTE: It may be necessary to rotate oil pump
drive to engage oil pump rotors.
NOTE: Position camshaft retainer so that center
hole does not interfere with camshaft.
Note position, length and number of screws as shown.
a. M6 x 28 mm (M6 x 1.1”): 4
b. M6 x 18 mm (M6 x 0.7”): 3
c. M6 x 16 mm (M6 x 0.6”): 1
3. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
C
B
A
A
Fig. 16 – Installing Timing Gear Case
4. Assemble injector pump to gear case with new
O-ring and install nuts and support bracket screw
finger tight, Fig. 17.
NOTE: Pump must be able to rotate.
a. Align timing mark on injector pump with timing
mark on gear case.
NOTE: See Section 10 for injector pump
timing procedure.
TIMING
MARKS
Fig. 17 – Install Injector Pump
Engine models 432000 and 582000 after date code
990111007, and all engine models 522000 are
equipped with right angle helical timing gears. Timing
marks are identified by letters (A, AA, B, BB, etc.),
instead of numbers. The timing procedure is the same.
5. With crankshaft key at 12 o’clock position,
assemble idler gear so that timing mark 11 (AA) is
aligned with timing mark 1 (A) on crankshaft gear,
timing mark 22 (BB) is aligned with timing mark 2
(B) on camshaft gear, and timing mark 33 (CC) is
aligned with timing mark 3 (C) on injector pump
gear, as shown in Fig. 18.
a. Install oil pump gear.
CRANKSHAFT
KEY
12 O’CLOCK
Fig. 18 – Aligning Timing Marks
7
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
6. Torque screws as shown, Fig. 19.
a. Camshaft gear:
41.0 Nm (30 ft. lbs.)
b. Idler gear:
25.0 Nm (220 in. lbs.)
c. Injector pump gear:
61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.)
d. Oil pump gear:
19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.)
C
A
B
D
Fig. 19 – Torque Screws
7. Install timing gear cover with new gasket. Note
position, length and number of screws as shown,
Fig. 20.
a. M6 x 55 mm (M6 x 2.5”): 3
b. M6 x 45 mm (M6 x 2.1”): 2
c. M6 x 30 mm (M6 x 1.1”): 9
d. M6 nut: 2
8. Torque screws and nuts to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
B
D
B
C
D
C
C
C
A
A
Fig. 20 – Installing Timing Gear Cover
9. Install crankshaft pulley with timing mark at
12 o’clock position (#1 cylinder), Fig. 21.
NOTE: Be sure alignment pin in crankshaft gear
is seated in hole in pulley.
a. Torque screw to 88.0 Nm (65 ft. lbs.).
b. Remove flywheel holder.
Fig. 21 – Installing Crankshaft Pulley
10. Install oil pick-up tube and strainer with new
gasket. Torque to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
a. Apply a small bead of Permatex No. 2 or
similar sealant to crankcase areas shown,
Fig. 22.
b. Install oil pan with new gasket.
c. Torque screws and nuts to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
SEALANT
Fig. 22 – Installing Oil Pan
8
12
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
11. Install Glow plugs, wiring and fuel delivery lines.
a. Torque glow plugs to 17.0 Nm (150 in. lbs.).
b. Torque fuel delivery lines to 25.0 Nm
(220 in. lbs.), Fig. 23.
Fig. 23 – Installing Fuel Delivery Lines
12. Install V-belt, Fig. 24.
13. Install alternator bolts A and B .
Belt deflection limit is 10–12 mm/10 kg
(3/8–1/2 in/22 lbs.).
A
a. Torque bolt A to 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.).
b. Torque bolt B to 61.0 Nm (45 ft. lbs.).
3/8 – 1/2 Inch
(10 – 12 mm)
BELT MOVEMENT
B
Fig. 24 – Adjusting V-belt
9
13
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 13
Cooling System
Section Contents
Page
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
CHECKING COOLING SYSTEM
Pressure Testing Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Testing Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CHANGING COOLANT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
THERMOSTAT
Removing Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Checking Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Installing Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
WATER PUMP
Inspecting Water Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Removing Water Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Installing Water Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
THERMOSTAT
CLOSED
THERMOSTAT
OPEN
Briggs & Stratton Daihatsu gasoline and diesel engines use a pressurized, forced circulation cooling system.
The water pump circulates coolant through the cylinder block, cylinder head and radiator. The thermostat maintains
optimum engine temperature.
The thermostat is equipped with a by-pass valve which permits coolant to re-circulate through the cylinder block and
cylinder head.
As the engine warms, the by-pass valve closes as the thermostat opens, permitting complete circulation through the
radiator.
Always maintain a 50% solution of phosphate free antifreeze at all times for adequate heat dissipation, lubrication
and protection from freezing.
MAY 2002
1
13
COOLING SYSTEM
CHECKING COOLING SYSTEM
WARNING: The cooling system is pressurized. Do not remove the radiator cap while the engine is hot. To
avoid scalding hot coolant or steam blowing out of the radiator, use extreme care when removing the radiator
cap. If possible, wait for engine to cool. Wrap a thick rag around cap while removing. To release pressure,
slowly turn cap counter clockwise to the first stop. When all pressure has been released, press down on cap
and continue turning.
Pressure Testing Cooling System
1. Remove radiator cap and make sure coolant is at
correct level.
a. Coolant level must be no more than 25 mm
(1”) below bottom of filler neck.
2. Install cooling system pressure tester on radiator
and pressurize system to 0.75 Bar (11 psi).
3. Check the following for any signs of leaking.
NOTE: System must maintain pressure during
test.
a. Hoses and connections (also check hoses for
excessive bulging).
b. Radiator.
c. Water pump.
d. Freeze plugs (cylinder block and cylinder head).
If system does not maintain pressure and no leaks
are evident externally, check for an internal leak such
as a blown head gasket, warped cylinder head or
cylinder block.
DRAIN PLUG
Fig. 1 – Draining Coolant
Testing Radiator Cap
Make sure that rubber seal on radiator cap is not
damaged or distorted. Rubber seals must be clean and
free of debris to seal properly.
1. Install radiator cap on pressure tester and
pressurize the cap.
Specification: 1.03 ~ 0.76 Bar (15 ~ 11 psi)
Replace cap if not within specification shown.
NOTE: Recommended pressure cap capacity is
0.9 Bar (13 psi).
25 mm (1”)
CHANGING COOLANT
Coolant should be changed once a year. Change
coolant with engine cold.
1. Remove radiator cap. Remove radiator drain plug
and drain the system, Fig. 1.
2. Tighten drain plug.
NOTE: Follow state or federal laws regarding the
proper procedure for disposing of antifreeze.
3. Fill radiator with 50% solution of phosphate free
antifreeze.
4. Start and run engine until thermostat opens (when
coolant level drops, thermostat is open).
5. Check coolant level in radiator and add coolant as
required, Fig. 2.
2
Fig. 2 – Adding Coolant
13
COOLING SYSTEM
THERMOSTAT
COOLANT
OUTLET
Removing Thermostat – Engine Cold
1.
2.
3.
4.
THERMOSTAT
Drain engine coolant.
Remove screws and coolant outlet housing.
Remove locating screw and thermostat, Fig. 3.
Remove all traces of gasket material.
LOCATING
SCREW
Fig. 3 – Removing Thermostat
Checking Thermostat
A thermometer capable of reading 100° C (210° F) or
more is required.
1. Check to make sure thermostat valve is fully closed.
2. Immerse thermostat in water and heat water
gradually, Fig. 4.
3. Note temperature when thermostat starts to open.
a. 81 ~ 84° C (178 ~ 183° F)
4. Note temperature when thermostat is fully open.
a. 95° C (203° F)
5. Remove thermostat from water and allow to cool.
a. Thermostat should close fully.
Fig. 4 – Checking Thermostat
Installing Thermostat
1. Insert thermostat in housing and install locating
screw, Fig. 5.
2. Install coolant outlet housing with new gasket.
3. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
Refill with coolant.
LOCATING SCREW
Fig. 5 – Installing Thermostat
3
13
COOLING SYSTEM
WATER PUMP
VENT HOLES
Inspecting Water Pump
Inspect water pump for signs of leaking at vent holes,
mounting surfaces and water pump pulley shaft,
Fig. 6.
1. Remove V-belt, alternator adjustment bracket, fan
(if equipped) and water pump pulley.
a. Replace pulley if bent or damaged.
Fig. 6 – Inspecting Water Pump
2. Check water pump bearings by rotating pulley
flange by hand, Fig. 7.
a. Make sure pulley rotates smoothly.
If water pump shows evidence of leaking or bearings
are rough, replace the water pump.
NOTE: Most water pump and cooling system
failures result from using straight water as
a coolant. Without water pump lubricant
and corrosion inhibitors, the water pump
will fail prematurely.
Fig. 7 – Checking Bearings
Removing Water Pump
Drain engine coolant.
1. Disconnect radiator hoses, Fig. 8.
Fig. 8 – Remove Hoses
Remove the following parts, Fig. 9.
2. Temperature gauge wire (if equipped).
3. Coolant outlet.
4. Coolant inlet.
5. Water pump.
Clean all traces of gasket material from mounting
surfaces and inspect mounting surfaces for damage.
2
4
1
3
Fig. 9 – Removing Water Pump
4
13
COOLING SYSTEM
Installing Water Pump
1. Install water pump with new gasket, Fig. 10.
a. Torque screws and nuts to 19.0 Nm (170 in.
lbs.).
After installing water pump make sure pump rotates
smoothly.
Fig. 10 – Installing Water Pump
2. Install coolant inlet with new gasket, Fig. 11.
a. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
3. Install thermostat and coolant outlet with new
gasket, Fig. 11.
a. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
4. Install temperature gauge wire (if equipped).
5. Install radiator hoses.
Fig. 11 – Installing Coolant Inlet And Outlet
6. Install fan (if equipped) and water pump pulley,
Fig. 12.
a. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
Fig. 12 – Installing Fan And Pulley
7. Install V-belt, Fig. 13.
a. Belt tension adjustment: 10-12 mm/10 kg
(3/8-1/2 in./22 lbs.).
8. Refill cooling system.
BELT
HANDLE
A
3/8 – 1/2 Inch
(10 – 12 mm)
BELT MOVEMENT
B
Fig. 13 – Install V-Belt
5
14
BRIGGS & STRATTON DAIHATSU 3 CYLINDER
LIQUID-COOLED DIESEL ENGINE REPAIR MANUAL (MS-1055)
Section 14
Turbocharger
Section Contents
Page
GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Turbocharger Lubrication System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Turbocharger Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Turbocharger Waste Gate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Turbocharger Pressure Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Crankcase Blow-by Recirculating System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
CHECKING WASTE GATE ACTUATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
SERVICING AND OPERATING INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
REMOVE TURBOCHARGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
CHECKING TURBOCHARGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
INSTALL TURBOCHARGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
INSTALLATION OF COOLANT INLET TUBE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
MAY 2002
1
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950 CC DIESEL TURBOCHARGED ENGINE
General Information
Models 588447 and 58A447 are turbocharged equipped diesel engines.
Turbocharger Lubrication System
Lubricating oil for the turbocharger is supplied from the rear of the cylinder head to the turbocharger via the oil inlet line.
The oil supply is regulated by the inlet port diameter of the oil inlet line. The oil inlet line is installed with union screws at
the cylinder head and the turbocharger.
Oil returns to the cylinder block via the oil outlet line.
UNION SCREW
(M8) AT TURBOCHARGER
UNION SCREW (M12)
AT CYLINDER HEAD
OIL
INLET LINE
OIL
OUTLET LINE
Fig. 1 – Lubricating System of Turbocharger
Full Floating Bearing
The turbine shaft for the turbocharger is equipped with a full floating bearing lubricated by engine oil.
OIL
TURBINE SIDE
COMPRESSOR SIDE
FLOATING
BEARING
Fig. 2 – Full Floating Bearing
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TURBOCHARGER
Turbocharger Cooling System
Coolant for the turbocharger is supplied from the rear right of cylinder block and returns to the
water pump inlet.
COOLANT OUTLET LINE
COOLANT INLET LINE
Fig. 3 – Cooling System of Turbocharger (1)
COOLING WATER TO WATER
PUMP INLET
COOLING WATER
FROM CYLINDER BLOCK
Fig. 4 – Cooling System of Turbocharger (2)
3
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TURBOCHARGER
Turbocharger Waste Gate
The turbocharger is equipped with a waste gate to control turbocharger pressure.
WASTE GATE VALVE
WASTE GATE ACTUATOR
Fig. 5 – Turbocharger
Turbocharger Pressure Control System
As pressure in the turbocharger rises, the actuator for the waste gate valve opens allowing some of the exhaust
gases to bypass the turbocharger.
EXHAUST
WASTE GATE
VALVE
TURBOCHARGED INTAKE AIR
WASTE GATE VALVE SECTION
WASTE GATE
VALVE
WASTE GATE ACTUATOR
AIR CLEANER
TURBOCHARGER
INTAKE AIR
Fig. 6 – Turbocharger Pressure Control System
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TURBOCHARGER
Crankcase Blow-by Recirculating System
Crankcase blow-by is recirculated as shown in Fig. 7
CRANKCASE
BREATHER TUBE
A/C
IN
FRESH AIR
EX
BLOW-BY GASES
T/C
EXHAUST GASES
Fig. 7 – Crankcase Blow-by Recirculating System
CHECKING WASTE GATE ACTUATOR
1. Disconnect the waste gate actuator hose at the
actuator.
2. Connect pressure/vacuum pump, Tool #19493.
3. Apply pressure of 14.2 psi (0.9 bar) and ensure
that the rod and link operate.
4. When pressure is released rod and link must
return to original position.
NOTE: DO NOT apply pressure more than 21.3
psi (1.5 bar) to the waste gate actuator or
the diaphragm will be damaged.
5. If the actuator hose is damaged or cracked it must
be replaced.
Fig. 8 – Checking Waste Gate Valve
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TURBOCHARGER
SERVICING AND OPERATION
INFORMATION
1. DO NOT disassemble the turbocharger.
2. When removing and installing turbocharger:
a. Handle the turbocharger carefully. DO NOT
drop.
b. When removing the air intake system or
lubrication system, be careful not to get dust or
foreign matter into the turbocharger.
c. Use tape to cover the oil inlet and outlet ports,
coolant ports, air intake and exhaust port to
prevent the turbocharger from getting dust or
debris into it.
d. After the turbocharger has been replaced, run
the engine a minimum of 15 seconds at idle.
If the engine speed is raised rapidly, it may
cause damage to the turbocharger bearing.
e. Check oil and coolant lines for leaks.
f. Special heat treated mounting fasteners are
used on the turbocharger. Do not substitute.
POINTS TO
BE COVERED
WITH TAPE
Fig. 9 – Cautions on Handling Turbocharger (1)
ALLOW THE ENGINE
TO IDLE FOR
15 SECONDS MINIMUM
Fig. 10 – Cautions on Handling Turbocharger (2)
3. DO NOT lift or carry turbocharger by the waste
gate actuator rod.
DO NOT
CARRY TURBOCHARGER
BY ACTUATOR ROD
Fig. 11 – Cautions on Handling Turbocharger (3)
4. DO NOT remove residual oil from turbocharger.
5. DO NOT touch the turbocharger when the engine
is running.
6. DO NOT run the engine with the intake pipe
removed.
7. DO NOT place the turbocharger in a vertical
position.
DO NOT
DROP
Fig. 12 – Cautions on Handling Turbocharger (4)
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TURBOCHARGER
REMOVE TURBOCHARGER
1. Remove the muffler or exhaust pipe from the
turbocharger.
2. Lift tab on tie strap and remove tie strap. Then
remove crankcase breather tube at air intake tube.
TIE
STRAP
TAB
Fig. 13 – Remove Clamp
3. Disconnect the air intake tube at the turbocharger.
4. Disconnect the air intake tube from the air intake
pipe.
AIR INTAKE
TUBE
Fig. 14 – Disconnecting Air Intake Tube
5. Remove the two nuts, and remove the air intake
pipe from turbocharger.
AIR INTAKE PIPE
Fig. 15 – Removing Air Intake Pipe
6. Remove the coolant inlet hose from coolant inlet
line.
COOLANT HOSE
Fig. 16 – Removing Coolant Hose
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TURBOCHARGER
7. Remove coolant outlet hose.
OUTLET HOSE
Fig. 17 – Disconnect Coolant Hose
8. Remove coolant inlet line bracket screw.
BRACKET
Fig. 18 – Remove Clamp
9. Remove two nuts, then remove coolant line
assembly from turbocharger .
Fig. 19 – Removing Coolant Line
10. Remove oil inlet line union screw at turbocharger. Discard the washer.
Fig. 20 – Removing Union Screw
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TURBOCHARGER
11. Remove oil inlet line union screw at rear of cylinder
head. Discard washers.
Fig. 21 – Removing Union Screw
12. Remove oil inlet line bracket screw at the exhaust
manifold.
Fig. 22 – Removing Bracket Bolt
13. Remove two screws from turbocharger and pull
out the oil outlet tube from the cylinder block.
Discard “O” ring and gasket.
Fig. 23 – Removing Oil Outlet Tube
14. Remove screws (2) and nuts (3) and remove
turbocharger mounting bracket. Discard gasket.
Fig. 24 – Removing Turbo Charger Bracket
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TURBOCHARGER
15. Remove nuts (3), and remove the turbocharger
assembly from the exhaust manifold.
Fig. 25 – Removing Turbocharger Assembly
NOTE: When removing the turbocharger assembly, DO NOT lift or carry turbocharger by
the waste gate actuator rod.
Use tape to cover the oil inlet and outlet
ports, coolant ports, air intake and exhaust port.
Fig. 26 – Removing Turbocharger Assembly
CHECKING TURBOCHARGER
1. Check blades of turbine and compressor for
damage.
2. Rotate the blades by hand, and ensure that they
turn freely without contacting the housing.
3. Check that oil is not leaking at the turbine side.
4. Check oil inlet union screws for dirt or debris.
If the union screw is clogged, clean it using
compressed air as shown below.
NOTE: If union screws are clogged, clean or
replace the oil inlet line.
5. Check each part for damage or cracks. Replace
defective parts.
TURBINE
SIDE
COMPRESSOR
SIDE
Fig. 27 – Checking Turbocharger Assembly
PLUG OPPOSITE SIDE
HOLE WITH FINGER
AIR GUN
Fig. 28 – Cleaning Union Screw
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TURBOCHARGER
INSTALL TURBOCHARGER
1. Install the turbocharger assembly with new
gasket.
a. Torque nuts (3) to 25 Nm (18.0 ft.-lb).
Fig. 29 – Installing Turbocharger Assembly
2. Install the turbocharger bracket with new gasket.
a. Temporarily tighten the nuts and bolts until the flange surfaces of the turbocharger,
exhaust manifold and turbocharger stay in
contact each other.
b. First torque nuts to 34.0 Nm (25.0 ft.-lb)
c. Then torque screws to 29.0 Nm (20.0 ft.-lb)
Fig. 30 – Installing Turbocharger Bracket
3. Install oil outlet line.
a. Insert the oil outlet tube into the cylinder block
with new ‘‘O” ring.
b. Assemble to turbocharger with new gasket.
c. Torque screws to 8.0 Nm (70.0 in-lb).
OIL
OUTLET
LINE
Fig. 31 – Installing Oil Outlet Tube
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TURBOCHARGER
4. Install oil inlet line.
a. Temporarily install the union screw with
washers at the cylinder head.
b. Temporarily install the union screw with
washer at the turbocharger.
c. Temporarily install the inlet line bracket screw.
d. Then torque union screws and bracket screw.
Union screws:
Cylinder head side – Turbocharger side –
44.0 Nm
18.0 Nm (170 in-lb)
(32.0 ft.-lb)
Fig. 32 – Installing Oil Inlet Line
Bracket screw:
19.0 Nm (170. in-lb)
Fig. 33 – Installing Bracket Screw
5. Install Coolant Line at turbocharger with new
gasket.
a. Torque nuts to 8.0 Nm (70 in. lbs.).
Fig. 34 – Installing Coolant Line
6. Install bracket screw.
a. Torque screw to 19.0 Nm (170 in. lbs.).
TURBO WATER
PIPE CLAMP
Fig. 35 – Install Bracket Screw
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TURBOCHARGER
7. Install coolant outlet hose from turbocharger to
coolant inlet housing as shown, Fig. 36. Install
clamps with tabs as shown.
Fig. 36 – Install Coolant Outlet Hose
8. Install coolant inlet hose over inlet tube up to
yellow mark on tube. Install clamps with tabs as
shown.
B
A
YELLOW
MARK
Fig. 37 – Install Coolant Inlet Hose
9. Install air intake pipe.
a. Torque nuts to 13.0 Nm (115 in. lbs.).
AIR INTAKE PIPE
Fig. 38 – Installing Air Intake Pipe
10. Align the match marks (white paint), and install the
air intake hose onto the air intake pipe.
Installation direction of clamps:
A Install the clamp so that tabs face rear of
engine.
B Install the clamp so that tabs face out.
A
B
Fig. 39 – Installing Air Intake Hose
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TURBOCHARGER
11. Install breather tube as shown.
12. Install muffler or exhaust pipe.
13. Connect the air hose connecting the air cleaner to
the turbocharger.
PIPE
PULL
BREATHER TUBE
Fig. 40 – Installing Clamp
INSTALLATION OF COOLANT INLET TUBE
1. Apply sealer to the portion of tube that is to be
installed in cylinder block.
2. Align the center of tube with the center of M10
thread at the rear end of the cylinder block.
3. Press-in tube until flange contacts the cylinder
block.
M10 THREAD
ALIGN THIS
POINT
CENTER OF M10
THREAD
CYLINDER BLOCK
Fig. 41 – Installing Tube
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