Black & Decker | DR260 | Operating instructions | Black & Decker DR260 Operating instructions

Drain-Rooter
Operating Instructions
For 1-1/4" through 3" lines
(30mm – 75mm)
Your Drain-Rooter is designed to give
you years of trouble-free, profitable
service. However, no machine is better
than its operator. We therefore suggest
you read these instructions through
carefully before using your machine on
the job. This will enable you to operate
the Drain-Rooter more efficiently and
more profitably. Failure to follow these
instructions may cause personal injury to
operator or damage to equipment.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
™
Drain-Rooter™
Work Area Safety
Safety Instructions
!
1. Keep your work area clean and well lit.
Cluttered benches and dark areas invite
accidents.
2. Do not operate power tools in explosive
atmospheres, such as in the presence of
flammable liquids, gases, or dust. Power
tools create sparks which may ignite the dust or
fumes.
3. Keep bystanders, children, and visitors
away while operating a power tool.
Distractions can cause you to lose control.
4. Do not let visitors contact the tool or
extension cord. Such preventative measures
reduce the risk of injury.
WARNING
Machine must be plugged
into
properly
grounded
outlet.
Failure to follow
instructions may result in
serious injury or death.
Do not operate power tools
in explosive atmospheres,
such as in the presence of
flammable liquids, gases, or
dust.
Electrical Safety
1. Grounded tools must be plugged into an
outlet, properly installed and grounded in
accordance with all codes and ordinances.
Never remove the grounding prong or
modify the plug in any way. Do not use any
adapter plugs. Check with UL approved
tester or a qualified electrician if you are in
doubt as to whether the outlet is properly
If the tool should electrically
grounded.
malfunction or break down, grounding provides
a low resistance path to carry electricity away
from the user.
2. Double insulated tools are equipped with a
polarized plug (one blade is wider than the
other). This plug will fit a polarized outlet
only one way. If the plug does not fit fully in
the outlet, reverse the plug. If it still does
not fit, contact a qualified electrician to
install a polarized outlet. Do not change the
plug in any way. Double insulation eliminates
the need for the three wire grounded power
cord and grounded power supply system.
3. Avoid body contact with grounded surfaces
such as pipes, radiators, ranges and
refrigerators. There is an increased risk of
electric shock if your body is grounded.
4. Don’t expose power tools to rain or wet
conditions. Water entering a power tool will
increase the risk of electric shock.
5. Do not abuse the cord. Never use the cord
to carry the tools or pull the plug from an
outlet. Keep cord away from heat, oil, sharp
edges or moving parts. Replace damaged
cords immediately. Damaged cords increase
the risk of electric shock.
6. When operating a power tool outside, use
an outdoor extension cord marked “W-A” or
Wear leather gloves provided
with the machine.
Never
grasp a rotating cable with a
rag or cloth glove.
Use
safety
equipment.
Always wear safety glasses
and rubber soled, non-slip
shoes.
Never operate machine with
guard removed. Fingers can
get caught in the mechanism.
Do not overstress cables.
Overstressing cables may
cause twisting, kinking, or
breaking of the cable and
may result in serious injury.
READ AND UNDERSTAND
ALL INSTRUCTIONS!
Failure to follow all instructions listed below
may result in electric shock, fire and/or serious
personal injury.
Call General’s customer service department at
412-771-6300 if you have any questions.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
2
Drain-Rooter™
“W”. These cords are rated for outdoor use
and reduce the risk of electric shock.
Tool Use and Care
1. Use clamp or other practical way to secure
and support the workpiece to a stable
platform. Holding the work by hand or against
your body is unstable and may lead to loss of
control.
2. Do not force tool. Use the correct tool for
your application. The correct tool will do the
job better and safer at the rate for which it is
designed.
3. Do not use tool if switch does not turn it on
or off. Any tool that cannot be controlled with
the switch is dangerous and must be repaired.
4. Disconnect the plug from the power source
before making any adjustments, changing
Such
accessories, or storing the tool.
preventative safety measures reduce the risk of
starting the tool accidentally.
5. Store idle tools out of reach of children and
Tools are
other untrained persons.
dangerous in the hands of untrained users.
6. Maintain tools with care. Keep cutting tools
sharp and clean. Properly maintained tools,
with sharp cutting edges are less likely to bind
and are easier to control.
7. Check for misalignment or binding of
moving parts, breakage of parts, and any
other condition that may affect the tool’s
operation.
If damaged, have the tool
serviced before using. Many accidents are
caused by poorly maintained tools.
8. Use only accessories that are recommended
by the manufacturer for your model.
Accessories that may be suitable for one tool
may become hazardous when used on another
tool.
9. Inspect
tool
and
extension
cords
periodically and replace if damaged.
Damaged cords increase risk of electrical
shock.
10. Keep handles dry and clean; free from oil
and grease. Allows for better control of the
tool.
11. Store tools in dry place. Such measures
reduce the risk of electrical shock.
7. Use only three-wire extension cords which
have three-prong grounding plugs and
three-pole receptacles which accept the
tool’s plug. Use of other extension cords will
not ground the tool and increase the risk of
electric shock.
8. Use proper extension cords.
Insufficient
conductor size will cause excessive voltage
drop and loss of power.
9. Extension cords are not recommended
unless they are plugged into a Ground Fault
Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) found in circuit
boxes or outlet receptacles. The GFCI on the
machine power cord will not prevent electric
shock from the extension cords.
10. Keep all electric connections dry and off the
ground. Do not touch plugs or tools with
wet hands. Reduces the risk of electric shock.
Personal Safety
1. Stay alert, watch what you are doing and
use common sense when operating a power
tool. Do not use tool while tired or under
the influence of drugs, alcohol, or
medication. A moment of inattention while
operating power tools may result in serious
personal injury.
2. Dress properly. Do not wear loose clothing
or jewelry. Contain long hair. Keep your
hair, clothing, and gloves away from moving
parts. Loose clothes, jewelry, or long hair can
be caught in moving parts.
3. Avoid accidental starting. Be sure switch is
off before plugging in. Plugging in tools that
have the switch on invites accidents.
4. Remove adjusting keys or switches before
turning the tool on. A wrench or key that is
left attached to a rotating part of the tool may
result in personal injury.
5. Do not overreach. Keep proper footing and
balance at all times. Proper footing and
balance enables better control of the tool in
unexpected situations.
6. Use safety equipment. Always wear eye
protection. Dust mask, non-skid safety shoes,
hard hat, or hearing protection must be used for
appropriate conditions.
Tool Service
1. Tool service must be performed only by
Service or
qualified repair personnel.
maintenance performed by unqualified repair
personnel could result in injury.
2. When servicing a tool, use only identical
replacement parts. Follow instructions in
3
Drain-Rooter™
9. Be careful when cleaning drains where
cleaning chemicals have been used. Avoid
direct contact with skin and eyes. Drain
cleaning chemicals can cause serious burns as
well as damage the cable.
10. Wear rubber boots and rubber glove inserts
when work area is wet. Do not operate
machine if operator or machine is standing
in water. Will increase risk of electrical shock.
11. Wear safety glasses and rubber soled, nonslip shoes. Use of this safety equipment may
prevent serious injury.
12. Before starting each job, check that the
cable in the drum/cage is not broken or
kinked, by pulling the cable out and
checking for wear or breakage. Always
replace worn out (kinked or broken) cables with
genuine GENERAL replacement cables.
13. Only use this tool in the application for
which it was designed.
Follow the
instructions on the proper use of the
machine. Other uses or modifying the drain
cleaner for other applications may increase risk
of injury.
the Maintenance section of this manual.
Use of unauthorized parts or failure to follow
Maintenance Instructions may create a risk of
electric shock or injury.
Specific Safety Information
1. Be sure that the unit is plugged into a
properly grounded receptacle. If in doubt,
check receptacle before plugging in machine.
Check the power cord to see that there are no
cuts or frays, and that the grounding prong on
the plug is still in place.
2. The Skil drive unit used in the Drain-Rooter is
double insulated, and therefore has no
grounding wire. To reduce the risk of electric
shock, this equipment has a polarized plug
(one blade is wider than the other). The plug
will fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If the
plug does not fit fully in the outlet, reverse the
plug. If the plug still does not fit, contact a
qualified electrician to install the proper outlet.
Do not change the plug in any way.
3. If the power cord supplied with the machine
is not long enough, be sure to use a 16
gauge heavy duty extension cord no more
than 50 feet long and in good condition.
Using lighter cords can result in severe power
loss and motor overheating.
4. Wear leather gloves provided with the
machine. Never grasp a rotating cable with
a rag or cloth glove. Could become wrapped
around cable and cause serious injury.
5. Never operate machine with guard removed.
Fingers can get caught in the mechanism.
6. Do not overstress cables. Keep gloved
hand on the cable for control when machine
is running. Overstressing cables because of
an obstruction may cause twisting, kinking, or
breaking of the cable and may result in serious
injury.
7. Position machine within two feet of drain
opening. Greater distances can result in cable
twisting or kinking. If you can't get the machine
this close to the drain opening, run the cable
through metal tubing or conduit to prevent cable
whipping and kinking.
8. Machine is designed for one-person
operation. Operator must control foot switch
and cable.
of of
cord
between
the
Note:
Thesection
section
cord
between
Note: The
wall
plug
and
the
GFCI
is
not
in
the wall plug and the GFCI is not the
in
protected
circuit.
the protected
circuit.
Variable Speed Switch
A variable speed control is built into the trigger
mechanism. You can control and increase the
machine's speed by applying more pressure to the
foot pedal until you get the speed that you want.
You can also control the machine's direction of
rotation by switching the forward and reverse lever,
which is located just above the trigger switch.
Move the lever toward the Forward arrow for
forward rotation and toward the Back arrow for
reverse rotation.
Cable Application Chart (Table 1)
Cable Size
1/4”
5/16"
3/8"
Pipe Size Typical Applications
Small lines, tubes, and
1-1/4" to 2"
shower drains.
Sinks, basins, and small
1-1/2" to 2"
drains.
Stacks, toilets, small
2" to 3"
drains (Not Roots).
The 1/4" and 5/16" diameter cables with EL-Basin plug
heads can be spun through most strainer crossbars and
work well in lines blocked by soft stoppages such as
hair, soap, fats, etc.
4
Drain-Rooter™
the cable back and forth as the drum is rotating
until the stoppage has been cleared.
8. If you’re having trouble getting around bends,
try putting the machine in reverse while
applying steady pressure to the cable. Don’t do
this for more than a few seconds at a time since
this could cause the cable to tangle or kink in
the drum.
Cutter Application Chart (Table 2)
Cutter
Arrow
Head
Flexible Arrow
Head
Boring
Gimlet
Down
Head
Boring
Gimlet
1-1/4"
Side
Cutter
Catalog Typical
#
Applications
Ideal for heavy
AH
cutting and scraping.
More flexibility than
Arrow Head; can
FAH
take sharp turns in
small lines.
To remove or retrieve
BG
loose objects.
Leads cable down
drain line rather than
DHBG
up vent or across
tee.
Works well in grease
1-1/4SCB stoppages, scrapes
walls of pipe.
! ! CAUTION
Do not use reverse to pull the cable out of the
drain. Always run your machine in Forward,
whether you are feeding the cable into the line or
pulling it out. Use reverse only to release cable if
it should become caught in the line.
9. If you still can’t get the cable around the bend,
you’re probably using a cable that’s too large in
diameter. Switch to a smaller diameter cable if
necessary. (See Table 1 - Cable Applications)
10. After the line has been opened, return the cable
Operating Instructions
to the drum with the motor switch in the
Forward position. This is important to prevent
cable tangling in the drum.
1. Place the machine within approximately 2 feet
of the drain opening. If you can’t get the
machine this close to the opening, run the cable
through a hose or pipe to prevent cable
whipping.
2. Loosen the chuck. Hand feed the cable into the
drain until you reach some resistance.
Then
tighten the chuck.
3. Make sure the Forward/Off/Reverse switch is in
the Forward position.
4. With both gloved hands on the cable, start the
machine by stepping gently on the foot pedal.
The harder you press on the pedal, the faster
the variable speed motor will rotate and the
faster the cable will feed.
Hint: It's often helpful to have a small
stream of water running in the line to
wash the cuttings away while the
machine is in operation and after.
IF CABLE GETS CAUGHT IN LINE
The motor can be reversed to free the cable if it
gets caught in the line.
Use the following
procedure:
1. Move the motor switch to the Reverse position.
2. Tighten the chuck against the cable.
3. Pull on the cable while the drum is turning in
reverse.
4. When the cable has been freed, loosen the
chuck and move the motor switch to the
Forward position.
5. Feed the cable carefully. Use the variable
speed pedal to adjust speed as resistance is
met. Don’t feed faster than the cable can go
into the drain. Too much cable between the
power cable feed and drain will cause whipping
and kinking.
IF CABLE TANGLES IN DRUM
This is caused by using too much pressure when
feeding the cable or by feeding the cable while
running in reverse.
1. To untangle, rotate the drum in the opposite
direction to relieve the twist.
2. If the cable has become badly tangled,
disassemble the drum by loosening the screws
around the rim of the drum and pull the
container front off the drum. (Note: Open cage
units cannot be disassembled.)
3. Pull the cable completely out of the drum shell.
DO NOT USE TOO MUCH FORCE –
LET THE CUTTER DO THE WORK.
6. Don't leave too much slack in the cable since
this will cause whipping. If the cable starts to
bend or build up too much twist, take your foot
off the pedal and rotate the drum in the
opposite direction to relieve the twist on the
cable. Push any excess cable back into the
drum and then continue.
7. When the cable reaches the stoppage, move
5
Drain-Rooter™
Then reassemble the drum.
4. Straighten the cable out and push it back in the
drum.
(See “To Install Cable into Drum” below.)
MAINTENANCE
To keep your machine operating smoothly, it is
essential that all bearings and bushings be
lubricated.
Oiling moving parts is particularly
important where machine comes in contact with
sand, grit, and other abrasive material.
TO INSTALL CABLE IN DRUM
1. Loosen chuck on the drum so that the cable
can pass through easily.
2. Push the back of the cable through the spout
into the drum.
3. It will be easier to load the cable if you put a
slight bend in the cable about one inch from the
end.
CABLE MAINTENANCE
To get maximum service from your cables, be sure
that they are clean and well oiled. This not only
provides running lubrication, but greatly extends
the life of the cables as well. Our SNAKE OIL is
ideally suited for this purpose, since it not only
lubricates the cables, it deodorizes them as well.
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE (Table 3)
Problem
Probable Cause
Solution
Cable kinks or breaks.
Operator forcing the cable.
Do not force the cable. Let the cutter do the
work.
Too much slack between
machine and drain.
Do not allow more than six inches between
machine and drain.
Cable used in wrong size drain
line.
A cable that is too large or too small in diameter
for a line is more likely to kink. (Consult Table
1—Cable Applications.)
Cable exposed to acid
Clean and oil cables regularly.
Operator forcing the cable.
Do not force the cable. Let the cutter do the
work.
Machine run in reverse.
Do not run machine in reverse to retract cable
from drain. Use reverse only if cable is caught in
line.
Motor does not run.
Trigger in neutral (off) position.
Switch Trigger to either Forward or Reverse.
Motor turns in one
direction but not other.
Reverse switch failure.
Replace reverse switch.
Cable tangles in
drum/cage.
Symbol
Name
V
Volts
Action direction or arrow
A
Amperes
Alternating current
Hz
Hertz
Designates double insulated
no
No load speed
Designates this tool is listed by Underwriters
Laboratories
Revolutions per minute
Designates this tool is listed by Canadian
Standards Association
…/min
Symbol
6
Name
Drain-Rooter™
DRAIN-ROOTER
Parts List
CAT. NO.
DESCRIPTION
CAT. NO.
DESCRIPTION
DR-100
Frame Complete for
Black & Decker Motor
Frame Complete for Skil Motor
Frame Only for B&D Motor
Frame Only for Skil Motor
Bushing (2)
Rubber Leg Tips (2)
Shaft Retaining Pin for B&D Motor
Drum Retaining Latch for Skil Motor
Drum Latch Cap
Retaining Pin Spring for B&D Motor
Retaining Latch Spring for Skil Motor
Retaining pin Collar with Cap Screw
for B&D Motor
Retaining Latch Support Bracket for
Skil Motor
Nuts, Bolts, & Washers (2)
Switch Actuator Assembly for
B&D Motor
Switch Actuator Assembly for
Skil Motor
Switch Support Bracket
Foot Pedal and Hose
Cable Tie
Foot Pedal
Switch Actuator with Piston for
B&D Motor
Switch Actuator with Piston for
Skil Motor
Hose
Nut, Bolt, and Washer for Bracket
Clamp and Screw
Container Complete for B&D Motor
Container Complete for Skil Motor
Container Front with Spindle
Screws and Clips (3)
DR-202
DR-204
DR-204-1
DR-204-A
DR-205
DR-206
DR-207
DR-210
DR-210-A
DR-215
DR-225
DR-200-O
DR-20-1-O
DR-251
DR-251-1
DR-252
DR-253
DR-254
DR-260
DR-260-A
DR-225
DR-300
DR-300-1
DR-M-S
DR-301
DR-301-1
DR-304
DR-304-1
DR-305
DR-305-A
DR-307
DR-310
DR-315
DR-320
Container Back
Hub for B&D Motor
Hub for Skil Motor
Set Screw
Screws and Nuts for Hub (5)
Internal Ring Gear for Skil Motor
Shim
Container Shaft for B&D Motor
Roll Pin
Collar
Chuck
Open Cage for B&D Motor
Open Cage for Skil Motor
Cage Only for B&D Motor
Cage Only for Skil Motor
Cable Retaining Spring
Retaining Nut
Washer
Open Cage Shaft for B&D Motor
Roll Pin
Chuck
B&D Drill Motor
Skil Motor Assembly
Skil Motor Only
Bolts & Washers for B&D Motor
Bolts & Nuts for Skil Motor
Power Cord for B&D Motor
Power Cord for Skil Motor
Gear Case Body for Skil Motor
Thrust Bearing
Pinion Gear Assembly for Skil Motor
Spacer Washer
Fillister Head Screws (4)
Variable Speed Trigger Switch for
Skil Motor
DR-100-1
DR-101
DR-101-1
DR-101-A
DR-102
DR-104
DR-104-1
DR-104-A
DR-105
DR-105-1
DR-106
DR-106-1
DR-107
DR-108
DR-108-1
DR-108-A
DR-108-B
DR-108-C
DR-108-D
DR-108-E
DR-108-1-E
DR-108-F
DR-108-G
DR-108-H
DR-200
DR-200-1
DR-201
DR-201-A
SEE BACK COVER FOR SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
7
Drain-Rooter™
DRAIN-ROOTER
Schematic Diagram
IMPORTANT: When ordering, give Serial Number of Machine
General Wire Spring Co.
1101 Thompson Avenue
McKees Rocks, PA 15136
© General Wire Spring Co. 2004
C-DROI-0404
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