B&G HB-1000I User manual

HB-0845-06
h2000 User Manual
The information contained in this document is subject to change without
prior notice. B&G Ltd. shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for
incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing,
performance, or use of this document.
© 2005 B&G Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this work covered by the
copyright hereon may be reproduced or otherwise copied without prior
permission from B&G Ltd.
B&G Ltd.
Premier Way
Abbey Park
Romsey
SO51 9DH
England
2
Tel: +44 1794 518448
Fax: +44 1794 518077
www.BandG.com
Email: sales@BandG.com
HB-0845-06
LIABILITY AND SAFETY WARNINGS
Brookes and Gatehouse Limited accept no responsibility for the use and/or
operation of this equipment. It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that
under all circumstances the equipment is used for the purposes for which it
has been designed.
Warning: Electrical Hazard
This equipment uses high voltage electrical power. Contact with high
voltages may result in injury and/or loss of life.
Warning: Calibration
The safe operation of this equipment is dependent on accurate and correct
calibration. Incorrect calibration of this equipment may lead to false and
inaccurate navigational readings placing the yacht into danger.
Warning: Navigation Hazard
The h2000 system is an Electronic Navigation aid and is designed to assist
in the navigation of your yacht. It is not designed to totally replace
conventional navigation procedures and precautions and all necessary
precautions should be taken to ensure that the yacht is not placed into
danger.
Caution:
Electrical Supply
This equipment is designed for use with a power supply source of 12V dc.
The application of any other power supply may result in permanent damage
to the equipment.
Caution:
Cleaning
The use of alcohol or solvent-based cleaners will damage this equipment
and any warranty in force will be invalidated.
Caution:
Display Installation
Displays installed into locations manufactured from conductive materials
(e.g. Steel, Carbon Fibre etc.) should be insulated from the structure to
prevent damage to the casings as a result of the effects of electrolysis.
HB-0845-06
3
h2000 User Manual
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
Conventions
Instructions in this manual describe the controls and
calibration of your h2000 system. You can also use the
controls on the RemoteVision if they have the same or
similar names as those found in this manual.
The icon shown on
the right is used in
this manual.
4
Icon
Meaning
Indicates that the
function is for
Hercules 2000
systems only.
HB-0845-06
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1:
1.1
INTRODUCTION ..............................................13
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION .............................................13
1.2
PROCESSORS............................................................13
1.2.1
h2000 Main Processor ............................................................................. 13
1.2.2
Expansion Processor................................................................................ 15
1.2.3
Performance Processor ............................................................................ 15
1.2.4
Halcyon Gyro Processor.......................................................................... 16
1.3
SENSORS..................................................................17
1.3.1
Masthead Unit ......................................................................................... 17
1.3.2
Ultrasonic Speed Sensor.......................................................................... 17
1.3.3
Paddle-Wheel Speed Sensor.................................................................... 17
1.3.4
Halcyon 2000 Compass ........................................................................... 17
1.3.5
Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass .......................................................... 18
1.3.6
Depth Sensor ........................................................................................... 18
1.4
DISPLAYS.................................................................19
1.4.1
Full Function Display (FFD) ................................................................... 19
1.4.2
RemoteVision .......................................................................................... 19
1.4.3
20/20 Display........................................................................................... 20
1.4.4
40/40 Display........................................................................................... 20
1.4.5
Analogue Indicators................................................................................. 20
1.4.6
Halcyon Display ...................................................................................... 20
1.5
CALIBRATION ..........................................................20
1.6
DAMPING .................................................................21
1.7
MENU STRUCTURE ....................................................22
CHAPTER 2:
2.1
OPERATING INFORMATION ............................29
INTRODUCTION .......................................................29
2.2
THE KEYS .................................................................29
2.2.1
Keylock.................................................................................................... 29
2.2.2
Power/Light Key ..................................................................................... 30
2.2.3
Page Key.................................................................................................. 30
2.2.4
Scroll Keys .............................................................................................. 31
2.2.5
Enter Key................................................................................................. 31
2.2.6
Speed/Depth (SPD/DEP) Key ................................................................. 33
2.2.7
Wind (WIND) Key ................................................................................. 33
2.2.8
Navigation (NAV) Key ........................................................................... 33
2.3
EXAMPLES OF OPERATION .......................................34
2.3.1
Function Selection ................................................................................... 34
HB-0845-06
5
h2000 User Manual
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
Page Display Configuration .................................................................... 35
NAV Key Configuration ......................................................................... 36
Damping Adjustment - Boat Speed ......................................................... 36
2.4
EXAMPLES OF CALIBRATION ....................................37
2.4.1
Manual Calibration Adjustment - Boat Speed......................................... 37
2.4.2
Calibration Adjustment - Depth .............................................................. 38
2.4.3
Calibration Adjustment - Wind Angle .................................................... 38
2.5
ALARMS....................................................................39
2.5.1
Alarm Control.......................................................................................... 39
2.5.2
Alarm Types ............................................................................................ 39
2.5.3
Set Lo Alarm - Depth .............................................................................. 40
2.5.4
Switch Alarms On/Off............................................................................. 41
2.5.5
Disable Alarms ........................................................................................ 41
2.5.6
Selective Alarm Display.......................................................................... 42
2.6
TRIP FUNCTIONS .....................................................42
2.6.1
Race Timer .............................................................................................. 43
2.6.2
Rolling 5 Timer ....................................................................................... 44
2.6.3
Timer Alarm Sounder.............................................................................. 44
2.6.4
Reset Trip Log ......................................................................................... 44
2.7
LIGHTING CONTROL.................................................45
2.7.1
Select Local Lighting Control ................................................................. 45
2.7.2
System Lighting Control ......................................................................... 45
2.8
OPERATION DESCRIPTION .......................................46
2.9
OPERATING FUNCTIONS ..........................................46
2.9.1
Aft Depth ................................................................................................. 46
2.9.2
Air Temperature ...................................................................................... 47
2.9.3
Apparent Wind Angle.............................................................................. 47
2.9.4
Apparent Wind Speed.............................................................................. 48
2.9.5
Average Speed......................................................................................... 49
2.9.6
Barometric Pressure................................................................................. 49
2.9.7
Barometric Pressure Trend ...................................................................... 50
2.9.8
Battery Voltage........................................................................................ 50
2.9.9
Bearing to Waypoint................................................................................ 51
2.9.10
Bearing Waypoint to Waypoint .......................................................... 51
2.9.11
Boat Speed .......................................................................................... 51
2.9.12
Course ................................................................................................. 52
2.9.13
Course Over Ground ........................................................................... 53
2.9.14
Cross Track Error................................................................................ 53
2.9.15
Course to Steer.................................................................................... 54
2.9.16
Dead Reckoning.................................................................................. 54
2.9.17
Depth................................................................................................... 56
2.9.18
Distance to Waypoint.......................................................................... 57
2.9.19
Fore/Aft Trim...................................................................................... 57
6
HB-0845-06
2.9.20
2.9.21
2.9.22
2.9.23
2.9.24
2.9.25
2.9.26
2.9.27
2.9.28
2.9.29
2.9.30
2.9.31
2.9.32
2.9.33
2.9.34
2.9.35
2.9.36
2.9.37
2.9.38
2.9.39
2.9.40
2.9.41
2.9.42
2.9.43
2.9.44
2.9.45
2.9.46
2.9.47
2.9.48
2.9.49
2.9.50
2.9.51
2.9.52
2.9.53
2.9.54
2.9.55
CHAPTER 3:
3.1
Heading ............................................................................................... 57
Heading on Opposite Tack ................................................................. 58
Head Lift Trend .................................................................................. 58
Heel Angle .......................................................................................... 59
Leeway................................................................................................ 59
Layline Distance ................................................................................. 60
Local Time of Day .............................................................................. 60
Loadcell .............................................................................................. 61
Mast Angle.......................................................................................... 61
Measured Wind Angle ........................................................................ 62
Measured Wind Speed ........................................................................ 62
Next Leg Wind Information ............................................................... 63
Next Leg Polar Boat Speed................................................................. 64
Off Course........................................................................................... 64
Optimum Wind Angle ........................................................................ 65
Polar Boat Speed................................................................................. 65
PULSE2 .............................................................................................. 66
Reaching Performance ........................................................................ 66
Rudder Angle ...................................................................................... 67
Sea Temperature ................................................................................. 67
Speed Over Ground ............................................................................ 68
Stored Log........................................................................................... 68
Tacking Performance .......................................................................... 68
Target Boat Speed............................................................................... 70
Target True Wind Angle..................................................................... 71
Tide Set and Rate ................................................................................ 72
Timer................................................................................................... 73
Time to Layline................................................................................... 73
Time to Waypoint ............................................................................... 74
Trip Log .............................................................................................. 74
True Wind Angle ................................................................................ 75
True Wind Direction ........................................................................... 76
True Wind Speed ................................................................................ 77
VMG to Waypoint (VMC) ................................................................. 78
VMG ................................................................................................... 79
Wind Angle to the Mast...................................................................... 80
CALIBRATION.................................................82
INTRODUCTION .......................................................82
3.2
BOAT SPEED/LOG CALIBRATION ..............................83
3.2.1
Principle of Log Calibration .................................................................... 83
3.2.2
Preparation for Log Calibration............................................................... 84
3.2.3
Calibration Runs ...................................................................................... 84
3.2.4
Log AUTO CAL Facility ........................................................................ 84
3.2.5
Log AUTO CAL Procedure .................................................................... 85
HB-0845-06
7
h2000 User Manual
3.2.6
3.2.7
3.2.8
3.2.9
3.2.10
3.2.11
3.2.12
3.2.13
Manual Calibration .................................................................................. 87
Speed Calibration Referenced to a Known Value ................................... 88
Boat Speed Units (Knots, MPH, KPH) ................................................... 88
Tack Source Speed Calibration Setting ................................................... 90
Boat Speed Offset Calibration ............................................................ 91
Speed Linearity Correction ................................................................. 91
Substituting Speed Over Ground for Boat Speed ............................... 92
Pulse2 Boat Speed Input ..................................................................... 93
3.3
MEASURED WIND SPEED AND ANGLE .......................94
3.3.1
Principles of Wind Speed/Angle Calibration .......................................... 94
3.3.2
Measured Wind Angle (MWA) Calibration............................................ 96
3.3.3
Measured Wind Speed............................................................................. 97
3.4
TRUE WIND CORRECTION ........................................98
3.4.1
True Wind Direction................................................................................ 98
3.4.2
True Wind Speed ................................................................................... 102
3.5
COMPASS CALIBRATION ........................................103
3.5.1
Principles of Compass Calibration ........................................................ 103
3.5.2
Heading Source Selection...................................................................... 104
3.5.3
Halcyon 2000 Compass Calibration Procedure..................................... 105
3.5.4
Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass Calibration Procedure.................... 106
3.5.5
Halcyon Gyro Processor Setup.............................................................. 108
3.5.6
Halcyon Gyro Processor NMEA output setup ...................................... 108
3.6
HEEL ANGLE/LEEWAY CALIBRATION......................109
3.6.1
Heel Angle............................................................................................. 109
3.6.2
Leeway .................................................................................................. 110
3.6.3
Heel and Trim angle from Halcyon Gyro Compass .............................. 112
3.7
DEPTH ....................................................................112
3.8
AFT DEPTH .............................................................113
3.9
BATTERY VOLTS .....................................................114
3.10 SEA TEMPERATURE.................................................114
3.10.1
Sea Temperature Offset Calibration ................................................. 115
3.11
TIMER ....................................................................115
CHAPTER 4:
4.1
INTRODUCTION .....................................................117
CHAPTER 5:
5.1
INSTALLATION INFORMATION .....................117
OPTIONS ......................................................139
SYSTEM EXPANSION ..............................................139
5.2
SENSORS................................................................139
5.2.1
Heel Angle Sensor ................................................................................. 139
5.2.2
Mast Rotation Sensor ............................................................................ 139
8
HB-0845-06
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.2.7
5.2.8
5.2.9
Trim Angle Sensor ................................................................................ 140
Barometric Pressure Sensor................................................................... 140
Rudder Angle Sensor............................................................................. 140
Sea Temperature Sensor ........................................................................ 140
Air Temperature Sensor......................................................................... 140
Load Cells.............................................................................................. 140
Sensor Input Configuration ................................................................... 141
5.3
DISPLAYS...............................................................142
5.3.1
Halcyon Display .................................................................................... 142
5.3.2
Analogue Indicators............................................................................... 142
5.3.3
Analogue Indicator Configuration......................................................... 143
5.3.4
Meter Scaling......................................................................................... 144
5.4
REMOTEVISION ......................................................145
5.4.1
The Display ........................................................................................... 145
5.5
20/20 DISPLAY ......................................................146
5.5.1
The Display ........................................................................................... 146
5.5.2
Display Configuration ........................................................................... 146
5.5.3
Function Selection - Remote Pushbutton .............................................. 147
5.5.4
Function Selection - FFD ...................................................................... 147
5.5.5
Re-configuring 20/20 Display ............................................................... 148
5.6
40/40 DISPLAY ......................................................150
5.6.1
The Display ........................................................................................... 150
5.6.2
Display Configuration ........................................................................... 150
5.6.3
Function Selection - Remote Push-Button ............................................ 151
5.6.4
Function Selection - FFD ...................................................................... 151
5.6.5
Re-configuring the 40/40 Display ......................................................... 152
5.7
GRAVITY SWITCH...................................................153
5.8
AUDIBLE ALARM.....................................................153
5.9
NMEA INTERFACE ...................................................153
5.9.1
Displaying NMEA Functions ................................................................ 155
5.9.2
Selection of Equipment ......................................................................... 156
5.10 Main Processor NMEA Interfacing ..........................157
5.10.1
Main Processor NMEA Input Summary........................................... 157
5.10.2
Main Processor Proprietary NMEA Input Summary........................ 158
5.10.3
Main Processor NMEA Input Prioritisation ..................................... 159
5.11 NMEA FFD Interfacing ............................................160
5.11.1
NMEA FFD Input Summary ............................................................ 160
5.11.2
NMEA FFD Proprietary Input Summary ......................................... 161
5.11.3
- NMEA FFD Output Summary ....................................................... 162
5.12 Performance Processor NMEA Interfacing ..............163
5.12.1
Performance Processor Input Summary ........................................... 163
HB-0845-06
9
h2000 User Manual
5.12.2
Performance Processor Output Summary......................................... 164
5.13 Halcyon Gyro Processor NMEA Interfacing .............165
5.13.1
Halcyon Gyro Processor Input Summary ......................................... 165
5.13.2
Halcyon Gyro Processor Output Summary ...................................... 165
5.14 Performance Processor NMEA Input and Output
Configuration ...................................................................166
5.14.1
Changing NMEA/RS232 Configuration........................................... 166
5.14.2
Fast HDM Output Option ................................................................. 167
5.14.3
True/Magnetic Reference Selection.................................................. 167
5.14.4
Handling of NMEA Alarm Conditions............................................. 168
5.14.5
NMEA-based Data on the B&G Network ........................................ 169
5.15 RS232 INTERFACING..............................................169
5.15.1
RS232C Input and Output Configuration ......................................... 170
5.15.2
Changing NMEA/RS232 Configuration........................................... 170
5.15.3
Command Syntax.............................................................................. 171
5.15.4
Channel Numbers ............................................................................. 172
5.15.5
Automatic Output Enable/Disable .................................................... 175
5.15.6
Automatic Output Start/Stop ............................................................ 175
5.15.7
Input Remote Channel Data and Text............................................... 176
5.15.8
Automatic Output of Basic Data....................................................... 176
5.15.9
Immediate Output of Basic Data....................................................... 177
5.15.10
Immediate Output of Channel or Remote Data ................................ 177
5.15.11
Output Latitude and Longitude......................................................... 178
5.15.12
Assign Remote Channels .................................................................. 179
5.15.13
Trip Control ...................................................................................... 179
5.15.14
Polar Table Manipulation ................................................................. 182
5.15.15
Output Polar Table Value ................................................................. 182
5.15.16
Input Polar Table Value .................................................................... 184
5.15.17
Output Polar Table Type and Rating ................................................ 185
5.15.18
Input Polar Table Type and Rating................................................... 185
5.15.19
Input Polar Table Wind Speed.......................................................... 186
5.15.20
Output Apparent Wind Correction Table Values ............................. 186
5.15.21
Input Apparent Wind Correction Table Value.................................. 189
5.15.22
Output Apparent Wind Correction Status......................................... 190
5.15.23
Enable/Disable Apparent Wind Correction ...................................... 190
5.15.24
Input Calibration Value .................................................................... 190
5.15.25
Output Calibration Value.................................................................. 191
5.15.26
Input Damping Value........................................................................ 191
5.15.27
Output Damping Value ..................................................................... 191
5.15.28
Input Hercules Channel Text ............................................................ 192
5.15.29
Output Text Immediately.................................................................. 192
5.15.30
Output Alarm .................................................................................... 192
5.15.31
h2000 General Purpose Input Value ................................................. 194
5.15.32
General Purpose Output Value ......................................................... 194
10
HB-0845-06
5.15.33
5.15.34
5.15.35
5.15.36
5.15.37
5.15.38
5.15.39
NMEA Sentence Output Rate Selection ........................................... 195
Displaying the Software Version Number........................................ 196
RS232 Error Messages...................................................................... 196
RS232 Command Summary ............................................................. 201
True Wind Correction ....................................................................... 202
Output True Wind Correction Table Values..................................... 202
Input True Wind Correction Table Values ....................................... 202
5.16 EXPANSION PROCESSOR ........................................203
5.16.1
The Expansion Processor.................................................................. 203
5.16.2
Linear Function Settings ................................................................... 204
5.16.3
Calibrating a Linear Channel ............................................................ 205
5.16.4
Expansion Processor Wiring............................................................. 206
CHAPTER 6:
DIAGNOSTIC DATA .......................................208
6.1
FFD DIAGNOSTICS .................................................208
6.1.1
Diagnostic Function Selection............................................................... 208
6.1.2
RES-SYS ............................................................................................... 209
6.1.3
Versions ................................................................................................. 210
6.2
h2000 MAIN PROCESSOR .......................................211
6.2.1
Mast Head Unit...................................................................................... 211
6.3
DEPTH SOUNDER....................................................211
6.3.1
Yacht Stationary .................................................................................... 212
6.3.2
Yacht Moving ........................................................................................ 213
6.3.3
Consistently Shows Shallow Depth....................................................... 214
6.3.4
Random Deep Depths............................................................................ 215
6.4
PERFORMANCE UNIT ..............................................216
6.5
ERROR MESSAGES ..................................................216
6.6
HALCYON 2000 COMPASS.......................................217
6.6.1
Shows Heading and CAL Flashing ....................................................... 217
6.6.2
Heading Shows Err................................................................................ 217
6.6.3
Heading or COMP CAL Shows PHS .................................................... 218
6.6.4
Two Headings Flashing Alternately ...................................................... 218
6.6.5
True Wind Direction, Tide Set or DR Course Not Functioning Correctly
218
6.7
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE ........................................219
6.7.1
Through-hull housings........................................................................... 219
6.7.2
Boat speed sensor (paddlewheel type)................................................... 219
6.7.3
Boat speed sensor (ultrasonic type) ....................................................... 219
6.7.4
Desiccators ............................................................................................ 220
6.8
WINTER STORAGE/LAYING UP...............................220
6.8.1
Masthead unit ........................................................................................ 220
6.8.2
Boat speed sensors................................................................................. 221
HB-0845-06
11
h2000 User Manual
12
HB-0845-06
CHAPTER 1:
1.1
INTRODUCTION
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
At the heart of every h2000 System is the main processor.
Dependent upon your system choice, this will either be the
Hydra Processor for Hydra 2000 Systems, or the Hercules
Processor for Hercules 2000 systems.
The main processor integrates raw data from sensors and
makes them available on a choice of displays anywhere in
the yacht. The modular design allows you to progress from a
standard system, adding new units as required. This manual
describes the standard system and then describes how the
system can be expanded.
The system is connected together by the Fastnet high-speed
communications network, which handles all the data that
travels between devices; the Main Processor, Full Function
Displays (FFDs), 20/20s, 40/40s and Halcyon Displays.
These, combined with the wind speed and angle, compass
heading, boat speed and depth sensors make up the standard
system.
1.2
PROCESSORS
1.2.1
h2000 Main Processor
The h2000 Main Processor is responsible for monitoring the
data from the sensors, including sensors of both the standard
system and the expansion options that may be added. The
sensors can provide the following functions:
Boat Speed
Depth
Measured Wind Angle
Measured Wind Speed
Compass Heading
HB-0845-06
13
h2000 User Manual
Sea Temperature
Air Temperature
Battery Voltage
Heel Angle
Trim Angle
Mast Rotation
Barometric Pressure
Rigging Loads
Foil positions
From this information the h2000 Main Processor then
calculates the following:
Apparent Wind Speed
Apparent Wind Angle
True Wind Speed
True Wind Angle
True Wind Direction
Average Boat Speed
Velocity Made Good (VMG) Upwind/Downwind
Resettable Log
Stored Log
Race Timer
Heading on Opposite Tack
Leeway
Heading Corrected for Leeway (Course)
Dead Reckoning Course and Distance
Pressure Trend
This information, once calculated, is distributed from the
Main Processor Unit to the displays via the network.
In addition, the h2000 Main Processor provides four outputs
for analogue indicators. A variety of different analogues can
be connected to each of these outputs. The Main Processor
also incorporates a battery-backed memory that stores all
the calibration, damping and alarm settings whilst the power
is OFF; these settings are adjustable from any FFD or the
RemoteVision wireless handheld.
14
HB-0845-06
1.2.2
Expansion Processor
The Expansion Processor allows a further four analogue
indicators and a number of additional sensors to be added to
the system. Further details are given in Chapter 5 - Options.
1.2.3
Performance Processor
The Performance Processor adds two components to the
system: a polar table to store your yacht's performance data,
and
additional
interfacing
facilities
to
enable
communications between the h2000 and other electronic
devices.
The polar tables can be adjusted to suit each individual
yacht. Once configured, a range of new functions becomes
available to assist with improved sailing of the boat.
Functions provided by the Performance Processor are:
Tacking Performance
Reaching Performance
Target Boat Speed
Target True Wind Angle
Optimum Wind Angle
Next Leg Wind Predictions
Tidal Set and Drift (Not polar related)
The functions listed here are explained in detail in Chapter 2
- Operating Information.
The interfaces provided are to both the NMEA and RS232C
standards. This allows two-way communication with almost
any type of electronic equipment, for instance, position
fixers and laptop computers.
Full details on interfacing are given in Chapter 5 - Options
HB-0845-06
15
h2000 User Manual
1.2.4
Halcyon Gyro Processor
The Halcyon Gyro Processor is an interface between the
Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass and the B&G Fastnet
Network. It also outputs NMEA heading information at a
rate of 10Hz for use with other marine instruments and
AD10 for use with Radar.
The Halcyon Gyro Processor accepts NMEA data from your
position fixer for magnetic variation information to allow
display and output of True referenced heading.
The Halcyon Gyro Processor can also be used as an
interface to either output NMEA heading and AD10 from a
B&G system compass, or to accept NMEA heading
information from an external compass for use on the h2000
system.
Full details are given in Chapter 3 – Calibration.
16
HB-0845-06
1.3
SENSORS
1.3.1
Masthead Unit
The Masthead Unit measures the wind speed and angle at
the masthead. A choice of units is available; Four sizes of
Vertical Masthead Unit, including some available in ‘Ocean
Specification’ for special applications. A standard 450mm
(17.5”) horizontal unit is also available.
1.3.2
Ultrasonic Speed Sensor
The Ultrasonic Speed Sensor provides highly accurate and
stable boat speed measurement. The Ultrasonic Speed
Sensor has no moving parts and requires minimal
maintenance. The transducer can be fitted flush with the
hull, creating zero drag, and can be painted, or anti-fouled
over. The Ultrasonic Speed Sensor processes the sensor
signals for use by the h2000 Main Processor, which then
generates the boat speed and log functions.
1.3.3
Paddle-Wheel Speed Sensor
The Paddle-Wheel Speed Sensor is designed primarily for
cruising yachts and consists of a paddle-wheel which
protrudes through the hull via a housing. To enable regular
cleaning of the paddle-wheel, the housing is provided with a
flap valve which closes automatically when the unit is
pulled back into the yacht.
1.3.4
Halcyon 2000 Compass
The Halcyon 2000 Compass is a high performance
electronic fluxgate compass for use on both sailing and
power craft. It is designed to connect to h2000 systems
through the B&G Fastnet Network.
HB-0845-06
17
h2000 User Manual
The Halcyon 2000 Compass has the ability to ‘learn’ the
magnetic effect of the vessel on the compass and
automatically apply deviation correction.
1.3.5
Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass
The Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass (HGSC) is a high
performance, solid-state compass that provides the best
available heading information through the use of rate gyros
to correct for the motion of your yacht. It also provides high
accuracy Heel and Trim data. It interfaces to h2000 systems
via the Halcyon Gyro Processor that transmits this
information to the B&G Fastnet Network.
The HGSC is an easily calibrated compass that ‘learns’ the
magnetic effects of your vessel on the compass and
automatically applies the deviation correction.
1.3.6
Depth Sensor
This can either be a removable through hull unit, or
moulded in-hull for reduced drag. The depth datum is fully
adjustable and can be set to either the waterline, the bottom
of the keel or from the transducer.
The foregoing sensors combined with the two processor
units provide an integrated set of tactical and performance
data. Additional sensors provide either single inputs, or
improve the accuracy of other functions on the system and
are described in Chapter 5 - Options.
18
HB-0845-06
1.4
DISPLAYS
1.4.1
Full Function Display (FFD)
This is the standard system display; all h2000 systems must
contain at least one FFD. Additional FFDs and other display
types, as described in the following paragraphs, are options
with which the system can be expanded and made even
more powerful to the user.
The FFDs name provides an indication that this is more than
simply a display. The FFD is a terminal for the whole
system, allowing you to control everything from the
functions displayed (and those functions displayed at the
20/20s and 40/40s) to the calibration of the system.
The FFD simultaneously displays two functions with
accompanying descriptive text. Any system function can be
called up on any FFD; as many FFDs as you require can be
placed on the system - all with full control of the h2000.
Chapter 2 - Operating Information describes operation of
the FFD to control the system.
1.4.2
RemoteVision
The RemoteVision is a wireless link to your h2000 system,
as well as a pilot controller, all in the palm of your hand.
The lightweight, palm sized unit is linked to the h2000 and
pilot control through a small wireless port and secure
wireless connection, which is suitable for use on both small
and large vessels.
RemoteVision offers you full wireless access to the h2000
instrument system as well as the h2000 pilot systems and
enables you to do everything you can with the regular Full
Function Display and Pilot displays.
Chapter 5 – Options describes more information concerning
the RemoteVision. Complete operating details can be found
in the RemoteVision user manual.
HB-0845-06
19
h2000 User Manual
1.4.3
20/20 Display
The 20/20 display is a lightweight, large digit, liquid crystal
display that can be configured from any FFD or
RemoteVision to display any system function. A Remote
Button is also available for scrolling through pre-configured
functions quickly.
The 20/20’s operation is described in Chapter 5 - Options.
1.4.4
40/40 Display
The 40/40 display is a lightweight, extra-large digit, liquid
crystal display that can be configured from any FFD or
RemoteVision to display any system function. A Remote
Button is also available for scrolling through pre-configured
functions quickly.
The 40/40’s operation is described in Chapter 5 - Options.
1.4.5
Analogue Indicators
There are a wide range of analogue indicators available;
refer to Chapter 5 - Options for details.
1.4.6
Halcyon Display
This is a tactical compass display and is described in
Chapter 5 - Options.
1.5
CALIBRATION
It cannot be over stressed at this stage the importance of
calibrating the system properly, in both the initial stages of
the installation and operation, and throughout the life of the
system.
20
HB-0845-06
h2000 calibration is an ongoing process and is something
you must be aware of each time you go sailing. This is
particularly relevant of the true wind calibration, where
constant refining will pay huge dividends in accuracy. To
this end the process has been simplified as far as possible,
so that all you require for accurate instrument data is some
background knowledge together with a few simple
techniques. Refer to Chapter 3 - Calibration.
1.6
DAMPING
Another important facility that you need to be constantly
aware of is the damping available on certain functions. This
allows you to filter signal noise on the function when in
unstable or rough conditions. The damping works by
applying a filter over a time period; the more you increase
this time period, the smoother the data readings will be, but
the longer it will take to see the effect of any change.
Similarly the lower the time period the greater the jumps
you will see in the numbers, but the response to any change
will be faster.
Dynamic Damping adjusts your system to deliver the most
accurate and real-time information, i.e. when on a beat, it is
essential that the wind angle information is accurate but
steady with most ‘noise filtered out, however, when tacking,
data needs to be more real-time. With Dynamic Damping,
the damping value applied will reduce to almost zero during
conditions when the data is changing rapidly.
The Damping value is set (in seconds) to a steady state
value, the Dynamic Damping is set to a value between 0
(off) and 10 (maximum), the higher the value, the more
sensitive the function is to rates of change, and the faster the
damping value is lowered. This allows the effects of the
change to be more readily seen on the instruments. As the
rate of change of the function reduces, so the damping value
is allowed to rise to the preset Damping Value to ensure
signal noise is filtered out of the data.
HB-0845-06
21
h2000 User Manual
Damping should not be confused with the update rate which
is the number of times per second that the function value is
sent to the display. The update rate is fixed for all the
functions.
1.7
MENU STRUCTURE
The central concept to the operation of the system is the
menu structure of the functions, and once this is grasped,
operation very quickly becomes familiar. The idea of
structured layers of menus is seen everywhere in modern
software, and regular computer users should have a head
start.
The principle is that at any one level there is a set of choices
that you can scroll through until you find the one you want.
Having found the correct menu entry, it is then selected by
pressing the Enter key - the FFD then displays the first
choice in the next level of menu down. Here you once again
scroll through the available options until you find and select
your choice. In many cases this is as far as you will need to
go, i.e. to choose a function for display. To complete some
actions such as entering a calibration value, switching on an
alarm, and so on, it may be necessary to go to another menu
level.
The options available for each Function Menu Choice are
listed in Table 1 - Function Menu Choices. Operational
Menu Choices together with the applicable Function Menu
are listed in Table 2 - Operational Menu Choices.
Note
The functions available to the user are dependent on the
range of sensors fitted to the system.
Details of the sensors required for each function are fully
explained in Chapter 3 - Operating Information.
22
HB-0845-06
Table 1. Function Menu Choices
FUNCTION
Speed
Log
Depth
Navigate
MENU CHOICE
Boat Speed
BOAT SPD
Average Speed
AV SPEED
Velocity Made Good
VMG
Pulse 2
PULSE2
Stored Log
STD LOG
Trip Log
TRIP LOG
Depth - Metres
DEPTH M
Depth – Feet
DEPTH FT
Depth – Fathoms
DEPTH FM
Aft Depth – Metres
AFT DPTH M
Aft Depth – Feet
AFT DPTH FT
Aft Depth - Fathoms
AFT DPTH FM
Heading
HEADING
Off Course
OFF CRSE
Dead Reckoning Course
D/R CRSE
Dead Reckoning Distance
D/R DIST
Course
COURSE
Leeway
LEEWAY
Tidal Set
TIDE SET
Tidal Drift
TIDE RTE
Compass Calibration
Wind
HB-0845-06
FUNCTION
TEXT
(Halcyon 2000)
COMP CAL
Apparent Wind Speed (Kt)
APP W/S
True Wind Speed (Kt)
TRUE W/S
Apparent Wind Angle
APP W/A
True Wind Angle
TRUE W/A
True Direction
TRUE DIR
23
h2000 User Manual
Perform
Waypoint
24
Head/Lift Trend
LIFT/HDR
Next Leg Apparent Wind Angle
Next Leg Apparent Wind Speed
Apparent Wind Speed m/s
N/L AWA
True Wind Speed m/s
TRUE W/S MS
Measured Wind Angle
MEAS W/A
Measured Wind Speed (Kt)
MEAS W/S
Tacking Performance
TACKING
Reaching Performance
REACHING
Optimum Wind Angle
OPT W/A
Polar Speed
POL SPD
Layline Distance
LAYLINE
Heel Angle
HEEL
Next Leg Speed
N/L SPD
Target Boat Speed
TARG SPEED
Opposite Tack
OPP TACK
Fore/Aft Trim
TRIM
Mast Angle
MAST ANG
Wind Angle to the Mast
W/A MAST
Target True Wind Angle
TARG TWA
Trim
TRIM
Heel
HEEL
Brg W/point to W/point Mag.
BRG W-W M
Brg W/point to W/point True
BRG W-W T
Brg to W/point Rhumb Mag.
BTW RMB M
Brg to W/point Rhumb True
BTW RMB T
Brg to W/point Great Circle M
BTW GC M
Brg to W/point Great Circ True
BTW GC T
Distance to Waypoint Rhumb
DTW RMB
N/L AWS
APP W/S MS
HB-0845-06
Distance to W/point Great Circ
DTW GC
Course Over Ground Mag
CRSE O/G M
Course Over Ground True
CRSE O/G T
Speed Over Ground
SPD O/G
VMG to Waypoint
VMG WPT
Estimated Time of Arr. to WPT
ETA WPT
Cross Track Error
CROSS TR
Battery Voltage
VOLTS
Sea Temperature Degrees °C
SEA TEMP °C
Sea Temperature Degrees °F
SEA TEMP °F
Air Temperature Degrees °C
AIR TEMP °C
Air Temperature Degrees °F
AIR TEMP °F
Timer
TIMER MS
Rolling 5 Timer
ROLLING 5 MS
Linear 1
LINEAR 1
Linear 2
LINEAR 2
Linear 3
LINEAR 3
Linear 4
LINEAR 4
Barometric Pressure
BAROMETR
Barometric Pressure Trend
PR TREND
Rudder Angle
RUDDER
Halcyon
HALCYON
Base Station
BASE STN
Loadcell
Loadcells
User defined
External
Remote 0 to 9
REMOTE 0 TO 9
Motor
Temperature
Time
Miscellaneous
HB-0845-06
25
h2000 User Manual
Table 2.
OPERATION
Log Control
- Operational Menu Choices
SELECTED
FUNCTION(S)
Trip Log
D/R Course
D/R Distance
Timer Control
Timer
Barometric
Pressure Trend
Control
PR Trend
Next Leg Control
Alarm Control
Sector Alarm
Control
N/L AWA
N/L AWS
BOAT SPD
APP W/S
DEPTH
VOLTS
SEA TEMP
AIR TEMP
TRUE W/S
HEADING
APP W/A
TRUE W/A
BOAT SPD
APP W/A
APP W/S
HEADING
TRUE W/A
Damping Control
TRUE W/S
TRUE DIR
HEEL
TRIM
TIDE
26
OPERATIONAL CHOICE
RESET
RUN
FREEZE
SET
START
STOP
SYNC
PERIOD
RESET
LEG BEAR
TIDE ON
ALL OFF
HI ALARM
HI ON
HI OFF
LO ALARM
LO ON
LO OFF
ALL OFF
SECTOR
SECT ON
SECT OFF
Damping Value
HB-0845-06
Dynamic
Damping
BOAT SPD
APP W/A
APP W/S
HEADING
TRUE W/A
TRUE W/S
TRUE DIR
Calibrate Log
(AUTO CAL)
BOAT SPD
STD LOG
Calibrate Log
(MANL CAL)
BOAT SPD
STD LOG
Calibrate Log
(REF CAL)
BOAT SPD
Calibrate Temp
Calibrate Datum
Calibrate
Measured W/A
Calibrate
Measured W/S
Calibrate Wind
All Other
Calibrate
Functions
HB-0845-06
Damping Value
SINGLE
PORT CAL
STBD CAL
CAL DIST
STRT RUN
STOP RUN
END CAL
SINGLE
PORT CAL
STBD CAL
Reference CAL
SEA TEMP °C
SEA TEMP °F
DEPTH
DATUM (+/-)
MEAS W/A
MHU ANGL
MEAS W/S
MHU CAL
MHU OFFS
TRUE W/A
TRUE W/S
CORRECTN
Selected Function
CAL VAL 1
CAL VAL 2
CAL VAL 3
CAL VAL 4
OFFSET C
27
h2000 User Manual
28
HB-0845-06
CHAPTER 2: OPERATING INFORMATION
2.1
INTRODUCTION
The h2000 System is operated by using the keys on the Full
Function Display (FFD).
Hercules 2000
Page Key
Scroll Up
Scroll Down
Power/Light
Figure 1 -
2.2
THE KEYS
2.2.1
Keylock
Full Function Display
To prevent accidental changing of the data displayed, or to
any critical calibration values, two keylock features are
available on the FFDs.
HB-0845-06
1.
Press the Enter and Lights keys simultaneously
once. All keys except the Page key are locked.
2.
Press the Enter and Lights keys simultaneously
once more. All keys are locked.
3.
Press the Enter and Lights keys simultaneously a
third time. All keys are unlocked.
29
h2000 User Manual
2.2.2
Power/Light Key
This key controls the application of power to the system and
the level of illumination at all displays.
One short press of this key applies power to the h2000
System and the display is activated to show the last page
used on the previous operation. A second short press of the
key provides full background illumination on all system
displays. Further short presses of the key decrease the
illumination in three stages from full brightness to OFF. The
next press of the key enables full illumination. This
operation at any one h2000 Display invokes the same
sequence on all h2000 Displays connected to the system.
However, display lighting can be localised so that the level
is adjustable for individual displays.
To switch the system OFF press and hold down the key for
two seconds. After this time lapse, the message POWER
OFF appears in the upper text, release the key and after a
further two seconds the system switches OFF.
2.2.3
Page Key
Operation of this single key enables the user to quickly
access eight functions of the h2000 System, by selecting any
one of the four pre-set page displays (2 functions per page)
with a simple key press. This key also allows the operator to
prematurely terminate any other function, such as
calibration, and return to the normal page display.
Default Pages:
•
•
•
•
True Wind Angle/Opposite Tack
True Wind Direction/Timer
VMG to Waypoint/Cross Track Error
Course Over Ground/Speed Over Ground
Notes
1.
30
If you are lost in the system, press the Page Key
to immediately return to the top level display.
HB-0845-06
2.2.4
2.
The initial four pages can be reconfigured using
the remaining keys and the menu system as
described in Paragraph 2.3.2.
3.
Successive presses of the Page Key displays each
page in rotation.
4.
Holding down the Page Key for 2 seconds
initiates control of 20/20 Displays (refer to
Chapter 5 - Options).
Scroll Keys
Two scroll keys are provided: Scroll Up and Scroll Down.
The scroll keys have two functions:
To scroll through the menu choices.
To increase or decrease numerical values, such as
calibration values.
When the Scroll Up Key is first pressed, the large digits in
the upper display are no longer displayed and the name of
the current menu flashes in the upper text. If the key is held
down, then the upper text will scroll through some of the
menu choices. If, when you are scrolling up, the required
menu choice is passed, then the Scroll Down Key will
allow you to reverse back to the required choice. When the
required menu choice is found, the text will flash until
selected by pressing the Enter Key.
2.2.5
Enter Key
The principle use of the Enter Key is to invoke selections
chosen from the menu by the scroll keys. As a general rule,
when any menu choice is flashing, pressing the Enter Key
will select that choice.
HB-0845-06
31
h2000 User Manual
The Enter Key is also used to enter data. When the value
that needs changing is displayed on the screen, it is altered
by pressing the Enter Key, which starts the value flashing,
then using the Scroll Up or Scroll Down Keys for change
to the required value. Press the Enter Key again to complete
the operation.
The use of the Enter Key differs depending on whether you
want to select a Function Menu Choice or an Operation
Menu Choice.
Function Menu Choice If a Function Menu Choice
is selected from the system menu using the Scroll
Up Key, the new function will appear in the upper
display when the Enter Key is pressed.
Operation Menu Choice If an Operation Menu
Choice is selected from the system menu using the
Scroll Up Key, the new operation will appear on the
upper display when the Enter Key is pressed.
Therefore, to select a different FUNCTION in the
upper display the Scroll Up Key must be used.
To perform an operation (such as changing a
calibration value) on the function in the upper
display the Scroll Down Key must be used.
The two additional uses of the Enter Key are as follows:
Accept and Reset Alarms When an alarm sounds (if the
audible alarm is fitted) or flashes at the FFD, two presses of
the Enter Key stops the warning and resets the alarm.
32
HB-0845-06
Expand Function Displays When displaying the LOG ,
TIMER, LATITUDE and LONGITUDE functions the
Enter Key can be used to expand the display. Normally the
Log function displays nautical miles to two decimal places,
i.e. 99.99nm (maximum). One press of the Enter Key
expands the display to 0099nm, giving a maximum
available display of 9999nm if required. Similarly the
TIMER function normally displays a minutes and seconds
reading. Expansion by the Enter Key displays hours and
minutes instead.
2.2.6
Speed/Depth (SPD/DEP) Key
Pressing the SPD/DEP Key will select the Speed/Depth
Display. After selection of the Speed/Depth functions,
successive operations of the SPD/DEP Key will display the
following information in a fixed order:
Boat Speed/Depth
Boat Speed/Speed Over Ground
Boat Speed/Apparent Wind Angle
Boat speed/True Wind Speed
2.2.7
Wind (WIND) Key
Pressing the Wind Key will select the Wind Display. After
selection of the Wind Display, successive operations of the
Wind Key will display the following information in a fixed
order:
Apparent Wind Speed/Apparent Wind Angle
True Wind Speed/True Wind Angle
True Wind Speed/True Wind Direction
Velocity Made Good/True Wind Angle
2.2.8
Navigation (NAV) Key
Pressing the NAV Key will select the Navigation Display.
After selection of the Navigation Display, successive
operation of the NAV Key will display the following
information in a fixed order:
HB-0845-06
33
h2000 User Manual
Heading/Course Over Ground
Heading/Boat Speed
Distance to Waypoint/Bearing to Waypoint
Tide Set/Tide Rate
Note
The NAV key may be configured to show waypoint
information in either Great Circle or Rhumb modes. Refer
to Para 2.3.3 for further details.
2.3
EXAMPLES OF OPERATION
The general principle of operating the h2000 will be made
clear by the following examples of function and page
selection, damping and calibration adjustment.
2.3.1
Function Selection
Our first example will be to select another function for one
of the pages. The new function is Stored Log and since we
want to place this function in the bottom display we will be
using the Scroll Down Key.
34
1.
Press the SPD/DEP Key until the display is
showing BOAT SPD in the upper display and
DEPTH in the lower display.
2.
Press Scroll Down, the lower text now shows
DEPTH flashing, the upper display is not affected.
3.
Press Scroll Down until the lower text shows
LOG flashing, the upper display is not affected.
4.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows STD LOG
flashing, the upper display not affected.
5.
Press Enter again, the lower display now shows
required function, the upper display is not
affected.
HB-0845-06
We are now able to view this function; press the Page Key,
the configured pages will return and Stored Log will no
longer be displayed. If you wish to keep Stored Log on a
page, then you can configure the page.
2.3.2
Page Display Configuration
The Page Key allows the user to configure four pages per
FFD depending on the required use at that position.
To store the setting in Paragraph 2.3.1 as a permanent new
page, proceed as follows:
1.
Press Scroll Up or Scroll Down and scroll text to
CNFG DSP.
Note
Scroll Up or Scroll Down can be used because we are
configuring the whole page, both upper and lower displays.
2.
Press Enter, PAGE is shown in the appropriate
display.
3.
Press Enter, the digital display is blanked and the
two functions selected are displayed in the text.
Note
At this point, either of the two functions may be changed if
required using the Scroll Up or Scroll Down Keys.
4.
Press Enter to accept the new page configuration
and restore the digital display.
You will be able to set up each FFD on the boat for the
people in the immediate vicinity, each crew member being
able to develop their own pages for the information that is
most needed on the FFD. All page displays are held in the
display memory, independent of the power supply.
HB-0845-06
35
h2000 User Manual
2.3.3
NAV Key Configuration
Our second example is configuring the NAV key. The NAV
key allows the user to select either Rhumb Line or Great
Circle navigation information to be displayed. To select the
required mode, proceed as follows:
2.3.4
1.
Press the Page Key once.
2.
Press Scroll Up until the upper display shows
CNFG DSP flashing.
3.
Press Enter, the upper text now shows PAGE
flashing.
4.
Press Scroll Up to select either NAV MODE GC
(Great Circle) or NAV MODE RH (Rhumb).
5.
Press Enter to select your desired choice. The
display will stop flashing.
Damping Adjustment - Boat Speed
Our third example is the entry of a Damping Value. We
want to damp Boat Speed which is in the upper display we
therefore use the Scroll Down Key.
36
1.
On the upper display select BOAT SPD.
2.
When BOAT SPD is shown in the upper display,
press and hold Scroll Down to select DAMPING
which flashes in the lower text.
3.
Press Enter and the current damping value is
displayed on the lower display.
4.
Press Scroll Down to toggle between DAMPING
and DYN DAMP.
5.
Press Enter and DAMPING (or DYN DAMP)
value flashes.
6.
Press Scroll Up or Scroll Down to
increase/decrease the damping value as required.
7.
Press Enter to accept new value.
HB-0845-06
8.
Press Page to return to normal display.
Damping control for any of the other functions that can be
damped is completed in a similar manner.
2.4
EXAMPLES OF CALIBRATION
The method of calibration for your h2000 System should be
made clear by following the examples of calibration. The
calibration process is described in detail in Chapter 3 Calibration.
2.4.1
Manual Calibration Adjustment - Boat Speed
1.
Select BOAT SPD.
2.
If BOAT SPD is in the upper display, press and
hold the Scroll Down Key to select CALIBRATE
from the menu.
3.
Press Enter then press Scroll Down and the
display shows MANL CAL, which is the choice
that we require.
4.
Press Enter and the display shows SINGLE.
Notes
SINGLE is the choice required if a single speed sensor is
fitted.
If two paddle-wheels are fitted, the Scroll Up or Scroll
Down Keys should be used to select PORT CAL or STBD
CAL, as required.
HB-0845-06
5.
Press Enter to reveal the current calibration value
in Hertz/knot.
6.
To adjust the calibration value, press Enter and
the value flashes.
7.
Use Scroll Up or Scroll Down to change the
calibration value as required to the new
calibration value.
37
h2000 User Manual
2.4.2
8.
Press Enter to store the new value into the
system.
9.
Press Page to return to full display.
Calibration Adjustment - Depth
1.
Select DEPTH.
2.
When DEPTH is shown in the upper display,
press and hold the Scroll Down Key to select
CALBRATE from the menu.
Note
Scroll Down is used because we are using an Operation
Menu Choice relating to the function on the upper display.
If DEPTH is in the lower display then Scroll Up must be
used.
3.
Select Enter and the display shows DATUM
which flashes.
4.
Press Enter again, DATUM stops flashing and
the current datum value is displayed.
5.
Press Enter and the DATUM value flashes.
6.
Use Scroll Up or Scroll Down to select the new
DATUM value.
Note
If DATUM is referenced to the water line, the value is
positive. If DATUM is referenced to the keel, the value is
negative and this is indicated by a minus sign.
2.4.3
7.
Press Enter to store the new DATUM value into
the system.
8.
Press Page to return to full display.
Calibration Adjustment - Wind Angle
1.
38
Select MEAS W/A.
HB-0845-06
2.
If MEAS W/A is shown on the lower display
press Scroll Up and scroll to CALBRATE which
flashes. If MEAS W/A is on upper display, press
Scroll Down and scroll to CALBRATE.
3.
Press Enter twice and the current alignment value
is shown.
4.
Press Enter, MHU ANGL flashes, use Scroll Up
or Scroll Down to select the new value.
5.
Press Enter to accept the new value.
6.
Press Page to return to the normal display.
2.5
ALARMS
2.5.1
Alarm Control
When a pre-set alarm parameter is reached, e.g. the depth
reducing, the system raises an alarm automatically. In an
alarm condition, the lower display changes to highlight the
cause of the alarm, which flashes on and off continuously
until Enter is pressed twice; at which point all the FFDs
except the one on which Enter was pressed, return to
normal. The audible alarm, if fitted, is also silenced by this
key operation. After this, the lower display continues to
monitor the alarm condition.
The alarm is still active and, if the alarm parameter is again
exceeded, the alarm will flash/sound as necessary. The
displayed alarm function remains on the lower display until
Page is pressed.
2.5.2
Alarm Types
The system incorporates the following types of alarm:
HI ALARM - This is generated if the value of a
function exceeds a pre-set level.
LO ALARM - This is generated if the value of a
function drops below a pre-set level.
HB-0845-06
39
h2000 User Manual
SECTOR ALARM - This is generated when the
heading leaves the safe sector as shown in Fig 2 Sector Alarm.
Example
Heading
Safe Sector
-20° +20°
Alarm Sector
Figure 2 -
Sector Alarm
For example, when the SECTOR alarm is turned on, the
alarm reference heading is the current compass heading. If
the SECTOR alarm is set at 40 degrees, the sector value is
the compass heading +/- 20 degrees. It is therefore
important to switch the SECTOR alarm OFF before
carrying out a course alteration, switch the alarm ON again
when settled on the new course heading.
Any alarm can be switched ON and OFF individually, or all
alarms can be turned OFF collectively.
2.5.3
40
Set Lo Alarm - Depth
1.
Select DEPTH on the display.
2.
Press Scroll Up or Scroll Down to scroll text
until ALARMS appears flashing.
3.
Press Enter, text shows ALL OFF flashing.
HB-0845-06
4.
Press Scroll Up until upper text shows LO
ALARM flashing.
5.
Press Enter, the display shows current LO
ALARM value.
6.
To change the LO value press Enter, the value
flashes.
7.
Press Scroll Up or Scroll Down to increase or
decrease the value as required. Press Enter to
accept the new value and switch the alarm ON.
8.
Press Page to return to full display.
To access the HI ALARM, press Scroll Up until HI
ALARM appears and press Enter to reveal current HI
ALARM value. To change the value, use the same
procedure as used to change the LO ALARM value.
2.5.4
Switch Alarms On/Off
To switch an alarm OFF (HI, LO or SECTOR) press Scroll
Up until the required item (e.g. HI OFF) appears in the text
and press Enter.
To switch an alarm ON press Scroll Up until the required
item (e.g. LO ON) appears in the text and press Enter.
2.5.5
HB-0845-06
Disable Alarms
1.
Select any function with an alarm facility, e.g.
DEPTH.
2.
If the function is in the upper display, press Scroll
Down to ALARMS, or if the function is on the
lower display use the Scroll Up Key. Then press
Enter and ALL OFF appears flashing.
3.
Press Enter again, all alarms are switched OFF
and the normal page display will be restored.
41
h2000 User Manual
WARNING
2.5.6
All alarms in the system will remain OFF until the
values are reset or the individual alarms are turned on
again.
Selective Alarm Display
When an alarm condition arises all FFDs in the system flash
the alarm function on the bottom half of their displays.
Individual FFDs can be set to ignore alarm messages.
The procedure for Selective Alarm Display is as follows:
1.
Press the Page key.
2.
Scroll up to CNFG DSP, then press Enter.
3.
Scroll up to SHOW ALM, then press Enter.
4.
Scroll to NO, then press Enter.
5.
Press the Page key to return to normal view.
This display is now set to ignore any alarm function.
2.6
TRIP FUNCTIONS
The h2000 provides three trip functions: Timer (count-up
and count-down), Trip Log and Dead Reckoning. The
functions can be reset and restarted as required, e.g. for
keeping a separate log of elapsed time and distance run for a
given passage.
When any trip function is started, all other trip functions
which have been reset start simultaneously, except when the
timer countdown is started. Under this condition, the other
functions start, again if previously reset, when the
countdown reaches zero. This is designed for the beginning
of races, so that you have DR, log and timer running
without pressing buttons during the intense moments of the
start itself.
When a trip function is on the display, the two right hand
characters show the status of the display.
42
HB-0845-06
The letters MS (Minutes/Seconds) and NM (Nautical Miles)
indicate that the function is running.
The letters RE denote RESET, where the function is zeroed
and waiting to be started.
The letters FR denote FROZEN, where the displayed value
is frozen, but the function is still counting in the
background.
2.6.1
Race Timer
1.
With TIMER MS shown on one half of
display, press the Scroll key adjacent to
opposite half of the display to display
CONTROL menu. Press Enter to activate
SET/START/STOP/SYNC loop function.
the
the
the
the
2.
Scroll to SET and press Enter. The SET time
flashes. Using the UP/DOWN arrow keys, alter
the time (to a maximum of 120 minutes), press
Enter to confirm the time selected. This
automatically activates the START page.
3.
When START is selected, the current SET time is
transferred to the timer and it starts counting
down.
4.
The other half of the display shows SYNC.
Pressing Enter will cause the timer value to be
reset to the nearest whole minute, pressing the
UP/DOWN scroll arrow continues the cycle.
5.
When the timer reaches zero, the counter starts
counting upwards. Selecting START in this
condition resets the counter to the SET value and
starts counting down again.
When STOP is selected, the timer stops at whatever value is
currently displayed.
HB-0845-06
43
h2000 User Manual
2.6.2
Rolling 5 Timer
As an alternative to the main settable timer, a ‘rolling 5’ is
provided. This simply cycles from 5:00 minutes to zero then
starts again counting down from 4:59, until stopped. The
same START, STOP and SYNC functions as used in the
settable timer are available in the CONTROL menu.
2.6.3
Timer Alarm Sounder
When the timer is counting down, the Audible Alarm
(optional, fitted to the h2000 Main Processor) will sound
every 10 minutes until the counter reaches 10 minutes to go,
the alarm sounder will then sound briefly at the following
intervals:
5:00, 4:00, 3:00, 2:00, 1:00, 0:30, 0:15, 0:10, 0:05 and 0:00.
2.6.4
Reset Trip Log
1.
Select TRIP LOG on the upper display.
2.
Press Scroll Down once, the lower display shows
CONTROL flashing.
3.
Press Enter, and then press Scroll Down
repeatedly until the display shows RESET
flashing.
4.
Press Enter and the display shows the TRIP LOG
reset and RUN in the lower menu flashing.
5.
Press Enter again and the display now shows the
TRIP LOG running.
6.
Press Page to resume normal operation.
Each time you reset the TRIP LOG, the AVERAGE SPEED
resets and begins its calculation again. The control facility
for the Dead Reckoning functions work in the same manner.
The bearing and distance are linked, so that when one is
started, both start.
44
HB-0845-06
2.7
LIGHTING CONTROL
The level of illumination at system displays is controlled by
the Power Lights Key. Use of this key normally controls all
the h2000 displays simultaneously. However, the level of
illumination on a single FFD can be controlled individually
under the menu choice - LIGHTING → LOCAL.
2.7.1
Select Local Lighting Control
1.
Press and hold Scroll Up or Scroll Down until
LIGHTING appears in the text.
2.
Press Enter and use Scroll Up or Scroll Down
until LOCAL appears in the text.
3.
Press Enter again and the original page display
appears. The FFD is now in local mode.
The Power Lights Key now controls this display only. This
will enable you to use very low lighting at the chart table
down below, whilst retaining the brightness up on deck.
2.7.2
System Lighting Control
1.
Select LIGHTING.
2.
Press Enter and use Scroll Up or Scroll Down to
select SYSTEM.
3.
Press Enter again, the original page display
appears and the lighting has returned to system
control.
The Performance Unit has an input that allows the display
lighting to be controlled externally. This can be used to
switch the h2000 lighting ON and OFF.
The lighting brightness is still controlled by successive short
presses of the lower right hand key on an FFD in the normal
way. Displays which have their lighting control set to
LOCAL will not be affected by the lighting control input.
HB-0845-06
45
h2000 User Manual
2.8
OPERATION DESCRIPTION
The rest of this Manual contains some detailed examples.
To describe further operations, we will use the following
shorthand.
Each successive selected menu choice will be in capitals,
separated by a → symbol. For instance, the example given
in Paragraph 2.4.1 to manually calibrate the log would look
like this:
SPEED → BOAT SPD, CALBRATE → MANL CAL → SINGLE
Menu choices in PLAIN capitals are the selection of the
required Function. Menu choices in BOLD are the selection
of the relevant Operation and are completed by using the
other half of the display.
2.9
OPERATING FUNCTIONS
We have seen how the h2000 System is built up and how
the key and menu system operates. Here we will describe
each of the functions in greater detail, to see not only the
information they provide, but also some of the ways they
can be employed on the boat.
2.9.1
Aft Depth
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
DEPTH
AFT DEPTH
1Hz
Metres, feet, and fathoms
Notes
46
1.
Aft Depth available when valid NMEA depth
information received on Main Processor NMEA
input.
2.
Depth offset calibration available.
3.
Low alarm available.
HB-0845-06
4.
Function text can be renamed to other pre-defined
choices.
Aft Depth is useful when it is important to monitor the
depth from an auxiliary depth transducer. For example, it is
possible to install an NMEA depth transducer at the stern of
the yacht, which then allows you to monitor depth readings
when manoeuvring stern to, into a berth.
Refer to Chapter 3 – Calibration for details on setting the
depth datum and renaming the function text.
2.9.2
Air Temperature
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
TEMP
AIR TEMP
1Hz
Degrees Centigrade, Fahrenheit
Notes
1.
Requires Air Temperature sensor.
2.
Audible high/low alarm available.
A useful addition to the meteorological data.
2.9.3
Apparent Wind Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update Rate:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
APP W/A
2Hz, Hydra
4Hz, Hercules
Degrees
Notes
HB-0845-06
1.
Variable damping 0-99 seconds.
2.
Dynamic damping available.
3.
Analogue indicators available.
4.
Audible, sector alarm available.
5.
Corrected for Heel and Trim angles (requires
sensors).
47
h2000 User Manual
Used in calculated functions such as True Wind Speed and
Angle.
There is a special analogue indicator called Magnified Wind
which only shows the 0-50º upwind/downwind sector of
apparent wind angle in a magnified form. Analogues are
described in Chapter 5 - Options.
2.9.4
Apparent Wind Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
APP W/S
2Hz, Hydra
4Hz, Hercules
Knots, metres per second
Notes
1.
Variable damping 0-99 seconds.
2.
Dynamic damping available.
3.
High/low alarm available.
4.
Analogue indicator available.
5.
Programmable meter scaling.
6.
Corrected for Heel and Trim angles (requires
sensors)
The apparent wind speed is simply the speed of the wind
blowing across the deck, and is derived from the same
components as the apparent wind angle. Used in calculated
functions such as True Wind Angle and Speed, also
important in its own right since many sail selection
decisions are based on the apparent wind speed.
48
HB-0845-06
2.9.5
Average Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
SPEED
AV SPEED
1Hz
Knots
Average speed is a trip function that averages your speed
through the water over the period for which the Trip Log
has been running, i.e.
Trip Log
Trip Time
2.9.6
Barometric Pressure
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
MISC
BAROMETR
1Hz
Millibars
Notes
1.
Requires pressure sensor.
2.
Offset calibration.
A must for the offshore sailor, giving not only the
instantaneous value but also the all important trend (see
below) towards higher or lower pressure that helps position
you in a weather system and so predict the next change.
There is a calibration if you wish to check your pressure
reading against another barometer. CAL VAL1 should be
set to the current correct barometric pressure and is found
under:
MISC → BAROMETER, CALIBRATE → CAL VAL1
HB-0845-06
49
h2000 User Manual
2.9.7
Barometric Pressure Trend
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
MISC
PR TREND
1Hz
Millibars
This shows the change in pressure over a period of time that
can be set at any value up to 24 hours. The period change
facility can be found as a control option in the Operation
Menu:
MISC → PRTREND, CONTROL → PERIOD
A reset facility at the same menu level is also provided. This
is selected using the following sequence:
MISC → PRTREND, CONTROL → RESET
This resets the data collected to zero. This is useful when
the instruments are first switched ON after a prolonged
break, because if you switch the instruments OFF on
Sunday night, and ON again the following Friday, the
Pressure Trend will have data from the previous weekend
that you will need to reset.
2.9.8
Battery Voltage
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
MOTOR
VOLTS
1Hz
Volts
Notes
1.
High/low alarm available.
2.
Calibration facility.
Measures the voltage that the batteries supply to the system,
especially useful for monitoring the supply offshore
enabling you to optimise your engine running time.
50
HB-0845-06
To calibrate against another voltmeter, measure the supply
voltage and then enter this actual voltage into:
MOTOR → VOLTS, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
2.9.9
Bearing to Waypoint
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
BTW RMB or BTW GC
Provided by the position fixer
ºM or ºT
Notes
1.
Requires interfaced position fixing system.
2.
Rhumb Line or Great Circle
Once the position fixer is connected and sending
information, the information gathered automatically appears
in the menu and becomes available for display.
2.9.10 Bearing Waypoint to Waypoint
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
BRG W-W
Provided by the position fixer
ºM or ºT
Note
Requires interfaced position fixing system. This is the
bearing from the active waypoint to the next waypoint on
the active route.
2.9.11 Boat Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
SPEED
BOAT SPD
4Hz
Knots, MPH or KPH
Notes
1.
HB-0845-06
Automatic calibration facilities.
51
h2000 User Manual
2.
Boat speed offset correction to minimise tack-totack errors.
3.
Variable damping 0-99 seconds.
4.
Dynamic damping available.
5.
Acceleration, deceleration indicator.
6.
Analogue indicators available.
7.
Programmable meter scaling.
8.
High/low alarm available.
Boat Speed is probably the most fundamental piece of
information on the h2000 and is used in many of the
calculations
of
higher
functions:
true
wind
angle/speed/direction, VMG, the log and trip functions.
Boat Speed is also the primary performance measure that
the boat is sailed to. Accurate calibration of Boat Speed is
therefore fundamental to the performance of the system.
It is also important to be aware of the effect you can have
over the readout via the damping facility. Damping set for
twenty knots of breeze will not be as satisfactory in two
knots - you must be prepared to alter the damping regularly,
remembering that the calmer the conditions are, the lower
the damping required.
2.9.12 Course
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
NAVIGATE
COURSE
1Hz
ºM or ºT
Note
Requires heel sensor.
This incorporates Leeway into heading and is sometimes
called Course Made Good. Leeway can only be calculated if
you have the heel sensor fitted, but Course is the preferred
function for most navigational purposes and should be used
when possible.
52
HB-0845-06
2.9.13 Course Over Ground
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
CRSE O/G
Provided by the position fixer
ºM or ºT
Note
Requires interfaced position fixing system.
Once the position fixer is connected and sending
information, the information gathered automatically appears
in the menu and becomes available for display. This is your
actual track over the ground and is invaluable to the
Navigator for helping deal with tidal areas.
2.9.14 Cross Track Error
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
CROSS TR
Provided by the position fixer
Nautical miles
Notes
1.
Requires interfaced position fixing system.
2.
Analogue indicator available.
This is also sent direct from the position fixing system and
is necessary for keeping the yacht tracking directly in to the
target. Cross Track Error indicates how far you are from the
direct (Rhumb Line or Great Circle) as a perpendicular
distance and allows you to correct even the slightest
deviation. Although this may not be the objective, on long,
tidally affected legs you will plan to be swept first one way
and then the other. The Cross Track Error is useful for
monitoring your tidally corrected course to see if you have
the right offset, and that you are not being swept too far one
way.
HB-0845-06
53
h2000 User Manual
2.9.15 Course to Steer
Menu heading:
Function Text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
CTS
Provided by the Position Fixer
ºM or ºT
Note
Requires NMEA 0183 interfaced position fixing system.
APB sentence.
2.9.16 Dead Reckoning
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
NAVIGATE
D/R CRSE or D/R DIST
1Hz
ºM or ºT, nautical miles
Notes
1.
Course and distance.
2.
Corrected for leeway if heel sensor fitted.
3.
Can be independently reset as a trip function.
Formerly the mainstay of all offshore navigation, now with
such widespread use of electronic position fixing equipment
it is more often used as an essential back up.
It can be particularly effective as an indicator of the net
course steered on long offshore legs. Calculated from a base
point, which is set when you start the function running, (see
Para 2.3.3 for details of control) both the course as a bearing
from the start point, and its distance in nautical miles, can be
displayed as separate functions. If the heel angle sensor is
fitted then the Course calculation will include leeway
correction.
In the worst case, a Man Overboard (MOB) situation,
immediately resetting the Dead Reckoning (DR) will bring
the vessel back to the MOB position. DR is the course and
distance over the water and not over the land as would be
given by a position fixer.
54
HB-0845-06
Magnetic
North
Lymington
Isle of Wight
Needles
Starting Point
Course Made Good
N
Actual Course Sailed
Distance Made Good
Course Reads 213°
Distance Reads 17.8 Miles
Tide Vector
Hercules 2000
D/R
DIST
NM
D/R
CRSE
°M
Figure 3 - Course Made Good
HB-0845-06
55
h2000 User Manual
2.9.17 Depth
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
DEPTH
DEPTH
1Hz
Metres, feet and fathoms
Notes
1.
Shallow alarm available, range 0-99.9m
2.
Deep alarm available.
3.
Analogue indicator available, 0-200 m or 0-100
ft/fm
Depth calculation is one of the most important functions
required for essential navigational and safety. On a network,
rather than as a separate unit, Depth can be accessed from
any display on the boat. A datum adjustment allows the base
point to be moved to give either depth under the keel from
the waterline or depth from the transducer.
Depth sounder performance is dependent on transducer type
and installation, boat speed, electrical noise, sea state, sea
bed conditions, air and plankton in the water. There will
always be times when a reliable measurement of depth is
not possible; in such cases, for instance, following in the
wake of another boat, the display shows four floating bars to
indicate a signal problem.
The accuracy of the measurement is dependent on the
velocity of sound and the amount the sound penetrates the
sea bottom. Changes in the velocity of sound are not
normally significant, however, errors up to one foot can
result from sound penetration into very soft mud.
56
HB-0845-06
2.9.18 Distance to Waypoint
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
DTW RMB or DTW GC
Provided by the position fixer
Nautical miles
Notes
1.
Rhumb Line or Great Circle.
Once the position fixer is connected and sending the
information it automatically appears in the menu, and
becomes available for display.
2.9.19 Fore/Aft Trim
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
TRIM
1Hz
Degrees
Notes
1.
Adjustable for vertical sensor alignment.
2.
Requires Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass
system or a Trim Angle (clinometer) sensor.
3.
Variable damping 0 - 99 seconds.
Fore and Aft Trim angle (along with Heel Angle) is used by
the h2000 Main Processor to correct Apparent Wind Angle.
2.9.20 Heading
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
NAVIGATE
HEADING
2Hz
ºM or ºT
Notes
HB-0845-06
1.
Adjustable damping, 0-99 seconds.
2.
Dynamic Damping available
3.
Audible, sector alarm available.
57
h2000 User Manual
4.
Sensor alignment calibration.
5.
Moving card analogue meter available.
This is your compass heading, derived directly from the
Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass, Halcyon 2000 Compass
or valid NMEA heading input which allows calculation of
true wind direction, dead reckoning and other course related
navigation functions.
Heading fulfils a very important tactical role, and it does
this best when connected to the Halcyon Display. This
permanently shows heading in a digital form and has a
segmented bar graph display to show off course.
2.9.21 Heading on Opposite Tack
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
OPP TACK
1Hz
ºM or ºT
This informs you of the heading you would be sailing on the
opposite tack, and can therefore be used in conjunction with
a hand-bearing compass to confirm that you are on the
layline. This is calculated from the true wind angle and
compass heading.
2.9.22 Head Lift Trend
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
LIFT/HDR
1Hz
Degrees
Notes
1.
Requires Halcyon Display.
2.
Analogue indicator available.
3.
Can be reset on any FFD via the following:
WIND → LIFT/HDR, CONTROL → RESET
58
HB-0845-06
This function can also be displayed on an FFD, 20/20 or an
analogue indicator.
2.9.23 Heel Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
HEEL
1Hz
Degrees
Notes
1.
Adjustable for vertical sensor alignment.
2.
Requires Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass
system or a Heel Angle (clinometer) sensor.
3.
Variable damping 0 - 99 seconds.
Heel angle (along with Fore and Aft Trim angle) is used by
the h2000 Main Processor to correct Wind data, and is a
useful option that improves the accuracy of some of the
calculated functions. Heel can be used to give an indication
of the wind pressure when abnormal shear or gradient is
affecting the true wind speed. It can also be checked when
going upwind to ensure that the boat is not sailed over the
optimum heel angle.
2.9.24 Leeway
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
NAVIGATE
LEEWAY
1Hz
Degrees
Notes
HB-0845-06
1.
Requires clinometer for heel.
2.
Calibration for leeway factor, see Chapter 3 Calibration.
59
h2000 User Manual
Leeway is the angle between the boat’s heading and course
through the water. The difference is caused by the sideways
slip that the boat has when going upwind. For the h2000 to
be able to measure this it needs to know the heel angle, and
hence a sensor must be fitted. Leeway is of great importance
in the calculation of Dead Reckoning, since the 3º to 4º of
leeway can considerably affect the dead reckoned position.
2.9.25 Layline Distance
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
LAYLINE
Provided by position fixer
Nautical miles
Note
Requires NMEA 0183 interfaced position-fixing system
transmitting the ZDL sentence.
If tacking upwind or downwind to a waypoint, some
position fixing systems will provide layline information
based on a pre-defined tacking angle (usually adjustable).
This function displays the distance off both left and righthand laylines by alternating the display between the two. An
L or R is shown in the right hand digits to signify Left or
Right laylines respectively. This function can be particularly
useful when nearing a waypoint. When the value reaches
zero, it is time to tack or gybe for the mark. The calculation
should be corrected for any tidal offset.
2.9.26 Local Time of Day
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
TIME
LOC TIME HR
Provided by the position fixer
Hours, minutes, seconds
Notes
1.
60
Requires NMEA 0183 interfaced position-fixing
system transmitting the ZLZ sentence.
HB-0845-06
2.
Check that the Local Time Offset is entered on the
position fixer correctly.
The function normally shows the Local Time of Day in
hours and minutes as given by the position fixer. To reveal
minutes and seconds press the Enter Key once. A further
press of the Enter Key returns the display to hours and
minutes.
2.9.27 Loadcell
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
LOADCELL
User selected in hardware
1Hz
Tonnes, Klb
Notes
1.
Requires Digital Amplifier.
2.
Calibration available.
System for accurate measurement of load on rigging pins
that are in shear. Refer to Loadcell manual for more
information.
2.9.28 Mast Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
MAST ANG
1Hz
Degrees
Notes
1.
Requires mast rotation sensor.
2.
Offset calibration available.
Required for yachts with rotating masts, such as multi-hulls,
who have the mast rotation sensor fitted. This function
displays the angle between the mast and the centreline of the
yacht, i.e. the angle it is twisted off the centreline.
HB-0845-06
61
h2000 User Manual
2.9.29 Measured Wind Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
MEAS W/A
4Hz
Degrees
Notes
1.
Alignment calibration.
The Measured Wind Angle is the angle measured by the
Masthead Unit sensor and corrected by alignment
calibration. Measured Wind is not used whilst sailing, but is
a useful function for checking the operation of Wind
instruments before additional corrections are applied to the
data.
2.9.30 Measured Wind Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
MEAS W/S
4Hz
Knots
Notes
1.
Anemometer calibration.
2.
Offset Correction.
The Measured Wind Speed is the angle measured by the
Masthead Unit sensor and corrected by alignment
calibration. Measured Wind is not used whilst sailing, but is
a useful function for checking the operation of Wind
instruments before additional corrections are applied to the
data.
62
HB-0845-06
2.9.31 Next Leg Wind Information
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
N/L AWA or N/L AWS
1Hz
Knots and degrees
Notes
1.
Apparent wind speed and angle.
2.
Corrected for tide if required.
3.
Requires a Performance Processor.
Next Leg information is a prediction of the conditions of
apparent wind speed and angle that you will meet on the
next leg, and is calculated from the current true wind speed
and direction, and a bearing that you enter for the next leg
course. From this the true wind angle on the next leg is
calculated, and using the polar tables the corresponding boat
speed is given, and hence the apparent wind speed and
angle.
Should the leg be upwind or downwind, rather than free, the
h2000 calculates on the basis of the true wind angle for the
optimum VMG on the advantaged tack; this is indicated by
the position of the small bar at the top or bottom of the
digits. The tide calculated by the h2000 can be applied to
the calculation if required.
The Next Leg Bearing is entered as a CONTROL option
under N/L AWA, found by:
WIND → N/L AWA, CONTROL → LEG BEAR
At the same menu level is the tidal option where entering a
1 applies tide to the calculation, and entering a zero removes
tide from the calculation, found by:
WIND→N/L AWA, CONTROL → TIDE ON
The tide is calculated by the Performance Processor when a
position fixing system is connected, see Para 2.9.40.
HB-0845-06
63
h2000 User Manual
2.9.32 Next Leg Polar Boat Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units
PERFORM
N/L SPD KT
1Hz
Knots
Notes
1.
Requires a Performance Processor.
This is the predicted target speed for immediately after
rounding the next mark of the course. This function is
linked to the Next Leg Apparent Wind Function and thus
relies on the Next Leg Bearing being entered correctly.
Since the bearing is known, the Next Leg True Wind Angle
can be calculated based on the current True Wind Direction.
The Next Leg Target Speed is then found from the polar
tables based on the current True Wind Speed and the Next
Leg True Wind Angle. If the next leg is upwind or
downwind, the next leg speed is based on the optimum true
wind angle upwind, or downwind, at the current true wind
speed.
2.9.33 Off Course
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
NAVIGATE
OFF CRSE
1Hz
ºM
Notes
1.
Requires Halcyon Display.
2.
Analogue indicator available.
3.
Can be reset via FFD:
NAVIGATE → OFFCRSE, CONTROL → RESET
This can also be displayed on any FFD or 20/20.
64
HB-0845-06
2.9.34 Optimum Wind Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
OPT W/A
1Hz
Degrees
Note
1.
Requires Performance Processor.
For every target boat speed there is an angle at which that
speed will be achieved (the Target Wind Angle). The
optimum wind angle is the difference between this angle
and that at which you are presently sailing, so keeping the
optimum wind angle at zero achieves the angle for Target
Boat Speed.
Sometimes, particularly downwind, it is easier to try to sail
to a wind angle rather than to the target boat speed. The
accuracy of this function will depend on how accurate the
polar tables are for your boat.
2.9.35 Polar Boat Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
POL SPD KT
1Hz
Knots
Note
1.
Requires Performance Processor.
This is the predicted maximum achievable boat speed for
the current wind conditions. Unlike Target Boat Speed,
which only applies whilst sailing at the optimum wind angle
upwind or downwind, Polar Boat Speed applies at all wind
angles. It is useful when sailing on a free leg. The helmsman
and trimmers can use this figure as the target to achieve
maximum performance independent of any changes in the
wind speed.
HB-0845-06
65
h2000 User Manual
2.9.36 PULSE2
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
SPEED
PULSE2
4Hz
Knots
Notes
1.
Requires secondary paddlewheel sensor.
The PULSE2 function is a secondary boat speed input
connected to the main processor. This sensor is in addition
to the primary boat speed sensor.
Refer to Chapter 3 – Calibration, for more information
about renaming the function text.
2.9.37 Reaching Performance
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
REACHING
1Hz
% (PC)
Note
1.
Requires Performance Processor.
Reaching performance compares the actual boat speed with
the value given in the polar table for the current true wind
speed and true wind angle (the Polar Speed) and displays
the result as a percentage; this will keep helmsman and
trimmers alert, particularly at night. Because it accounts for
changes in windspeed, it is a better indication of
performance gains and losses than just boat speed.
66
HB-0845-06
2.9.38 Rudder Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
MISC
RUDDER
1Hz
Degrees
Notes
1.
Requires rudder angle sensor.
2.
Offset calibration available.
3.
Analogue available.
Can be helpful for indicating how the boat is balanced.
2.9.39 Sea Temperature
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
TEMP
SEA TEMP
1Hz
ºC or ºF
Notes
1.
Requires temperature sensor.
2.
High/low alarm available.
3.
Offset calibration available under Cal Val 2.
This is most useful in races such as the Newport-Bermuda,
where the ocean currents are critical to the tactics. Changes
in sea temperature are good indications of ocean current.
Sea temperature can be useful in other ways too; water
flowing out of rivers differs in temperature quite markedly
to the sea, and this can assist in choosing a favourable
current.
HB-0845-06
67
h2000 User Manual
2.9.40 Speed Over Ground
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
SPD O/G
Provided by the position fixer
Knots
Note
1.
Requires interface to position fixing system.
This also comes direct from the position fixing system, and
is available, provided it is sent, as soon as the position fixer
is connected. Comparing the speed over the ground to the
speed attained through the water is a key tactical tool,
particularly so in strong tidal waters and at night.
2.9.41 Stored Log
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
LOG
STD LOG
1Hz
Nautical miles
The Stored Log runs continually, and is always available as
an accumulative total of the boat miles.
To expand the display, the Enter Key should be pressed,
this will allow the log to display up to a maximum of 9999
nautical miles.
2.9.42 Tacking Performance
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
TACKING
1Hz
% (PC)
Note
1.
68
Requires Performance Processor.
HB-0845-06
The h2000 calculates the optimum VMG from the polar
table for the wind speed and then compares this to the VMG
actually being achieved, displaying the result as the tacking
performance percentage. The same problems of time lag
exist here as they do with VMG, this is discussed in the
section on VMG.
True Wind Angle
Port Tack
˚
40
˚
30
20˚
True Wind Angle
Starboard Tack
10˚
0˚
10˚
10
20˚
30
˚
40
˚
8
4
80˚
˚
50
80˚
Target Boat
Speed Upwind
70˚
70˚
˚
60
60
˚
˚
50
Optimum True Wind
Angle Upwind
6
90˚ 100˚
110
˚ 90˚
˚ 100
110
˚
20
2
Target Boat
Speed Downwind
3
Maximum VMG
Upwind
Maximum VMG
Downwind
˚ 1
2
5
0˚
15
0˚
160
1
0˚
13
0˚
9 Kts
Boat Speed
14
Optimum True Wind
Angle Downwind
0˚
0˚
13
7
˚ 180˚ 170˚
˚ 170
0˚
14
1
6
0
˚ 1
5
Figure 4 -
Polar Performance Curve
The advantage of tacking performance over VMG is that it
takes into account changes in windspeed. You should also
be aware of the potential inaccuracies caused by your polar
table being incorrect.
HB-0845-06
69
h2000 User Manual
Tacking Performance has a CALBRATE option that allows
you to choose a type of polar table that equates to your type
of yacht. In the next Paragraph, Target Boat Speed, we
discuss polar tables in general and the implications of this
choice.
2.9.43 Target Boat Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
TARG SPD
1Hz
Knots
Notes
1.
At Target True Wind Angle.
2.
Requires a Performance Processor.
This is the boat speed at which the optimum VMG will be
achieved, and can be measured from the polar table or
obtained by careful analysis of both VMG and boat speed
while you are sailing.
The Polar Table describes the performance of the boat in all
conditions of True Wind Speed and Angle. The Boat Speed
is plotted radially against the True Wind Angle for each
True Wind Speed in turn. The result is a diagram as shown
in Figure 4 - Polar Performance Curve, which shows the
boat speed plotted for just one value of true wind speed.
Polar tables can be derived either by theoretical predictions,
the IMS certificate for instance, or by analysing the boat's
actual performance. You may well use one of these
techniques to obtain your polar table, however, if you do
not, then the h2000 has one polar table already stored in its
memory. A copy of this polar table is shown in Table 3 on
page 87.
The polar table is located within the h2000 system under the
following:
PERFORM → TACKING, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1 (TAB TYPE)
70
HB-0845-06
It can then be scaled to your rating using the RATING
Menu choice, which is at the same level, and found by:
PERFORM → TACKING, CALBRATE → CAL VAL2 (RATING)
These values are entered in the normal manner.
Once you have understood and developed the polar table it
will improve all the performance functions: reaching and
tacking performance, optimum wind angle and target boat
speed, as well as the predictions of next leg.
We can see from Figure 4 how the target boat speed is
obtained from the polar tables. It is the point at which a
perpendicular drawn to the 0 degree true wind angle first
touches the curve, hence optimising speed in a windward
direction. The boat speed on the curve at this point becomes
the target boat speed for that wind speed, and the true wind
angle at that point becomes the optimum wind angle. The
two combined give the optimum VMG and so allow us to
calculate tacking performance.
2.9.44 Target True Wind Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
TARG TWA
1Hz
Degrees
Notes
1.
Derived from Polar Table.
2.
Requires Performance Processor.
The True Wind Angle at which the optimum VMG will be
achieved according to the Polar Table.
HB-0845-06
71
h2000 User Manual
2.9.45 Tide Set and Rate
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
NAVIGATE
TIDE SET or TIDE RTE
1Hz
ºM or ºT, knots
Notes
1.
Damping 0-99 minutes.
2.
Calibration: Magnetic variation.
Some position fixers output the current local magnetic
variation on the NMEA 0183 port using either HVD, HVM,
RMA or RMC sentences. As a result, CAL VAL1 on the
TIDE SET function will be automatically set to the correct
variation.
Your position fixer will either supply true or magnetic
bearing to the h2000. If it supplies true bearing then you
must enter the magnetic variation into the h2000. It is found
in the menu under:
NAVIGATE → TIDE SET, CALBRATE → CAL VAL 1 (MAG VAR)
Note
1.
If your position fixer sends magnetic bearing,
check that the variation is correctly entered.
The calculation involves comparing the course and speed
over the ground, from the position fixing system, to the
course and speed of the boat through the water, from the
dead reckoning. Any differences are due to the tidal set and
drift, and can be displayed as such. To make this accurate
the dead reckoning requires the leeway input which in turn,
requires the clinometer to measure heel angle.
72
HB-0845-06
The damping on this function is adjustable and can be
important. In rapidly changing tidal situations you need to
lower the damping down as far as possible to be able to see
the changes quickly. Conversely, in a steady tide or current
the longer the period over which the calculation is averaged,
the more accurate the results will be.
The lag in the position fixer's ability to adjust to rapid
changes in direction, such as when tacking, should also be
borne in mind when considering the results of this function.
Frequent tacking produces figures that are unreliable and
should be treated with caution.
2.9.46 Timer
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
TIME
TIMER
1Hz
Hours, Minutes, Seconds
Note
1.
Can be reset independently of other trip functions
Used for both the start and to record elapsed time. The timer
will act as either a stopwatch or a countdown.
The Enter key will toggle the display between
minutes/seconds and hours/minutes. Paragraph 2.6.1
describes control of the timer.
2.9.47 Time to Layline
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
TIME
TIME L/L
Provide by the position fixer
Hours, minutes, seconds
Note
1.
HB-0845-06
Requires NMEA 0183 interfaced position-fixing
system transmitting the ZDL sentence.
73
h2000 User Manual
This function is linked to Layline Distance. The information
displayed shows the time to go before reaching the
appropriate layline. A value of zero indicates time to tack or
gybe.
2.9.48 Time to Waypoint
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
ETA WPT
Provided by the position fixer
Hours, minutes
Note
1.
Also gives ETA. Requires interfaced position
fixing system.
This is calculated directly by the position fixer, and is based
on your speed over the ground towards the mark, which is
assumed to be constant.
2.9.49 Trip Log
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
LOG
TRIP LOG
1Hz
Nautical miles
Note
1.
Can be reset independently of other trip functions.
This is the log for recording individual trip distances, it
displays the distance travelled from the time the function
was started in nautical miles. It must be remembered that
this is the distance sailed through the water, not over the
ground. It also forms part of the calculation for Average
Speed. A particularly useful feature is that when reset prior
to the start of the race, the Timer counts down to zero, the
Trip Log (and any other trip functions that have been reset)
start automatically.
74
HB-0845-06
The Trip Log display can be expanded to display 9999nm
by pressing Enter. See Para 2.6.4 for details of trip function
control.
2.9.50 True Wind Angle
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
TRUE W/A
2Hz, Hydra
4Hz, Hercules
Degrees
Notes
1.
Relative to the boat’s heading.
2.
Corrected for masthead and other errors via the
look-up table.
3.
Variable damping 0-99 seconds.
4.
Dynamic damping available.
The true wind is calculated from the vector triangle shown
in Figure 5 – True Wind Angle. This uses the Apparent
Wind Speed, Apparent Wind Angle and the Boat Speed in
the calculation. The results are then corrected by the true
wind correction tables, which are discussed in Chapter 3 Calibration.
Note
1.
The true wind is the wind relative to the water, not
the land. The true wind is not the same as the
ground wind, unless there is zero tide.
The True Wind Angle is the angle between the boat's
heading and the true wind.
HB-0845-06
75
h2000 User Manual
N
True W ind
Speed
True W ind
Direction
True W ind
Angle
Boat
Speed
VMG
Apparent
W ind Speed
Heading
Apparent
W ind Angle
Figure 5 -
True Wind Angle
2.9.51 True Wind Direction
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
TRUE DIR
2Hz, Hydra
4Hz, Hercules
ºM or ºT
Notes
76
1.
Corrected for Masthead and other errors via the
look-up table, see Chapter 3 - Calibration.
2.
Dynamic damping available.
HB-0845-06
This is the Tactician's greatest ally in the search for the right
wind shifts. It shows the compass direction that the wind is
coming from regardless of the boat's heading. It is
calculated from the true wind angle and heading, and is
corrected for calibration errors by the true wind look-up
table. It is very important to understand the function of this,
in order to have an accurate true wind direction. It is fully
explained in Chapter 3 - Calibration.
2.9.52 True Wind Speed
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Update rate:
Units:
WIND
TRUE W/S
2Hz, Hydra
4Hz, Hercules
Knots, metres per second
Notes
1.
Corrected for masthead and other errors via the
look-up table, see Chapter 3 - Calibration.
2.
Variable damping 0-99 seconds.
3.
Dynamic damping available.
When the boat is sailing downwind, the air passing over the
mast is accelerated, and in the past this has tended to make
the true wind speed over-read. The h2000 has introduced a
calibration for this that will allow you to correct out the
error; it is explained in Para 3.4.
HB-0845-06
77
h2000 User Manual
2.9.53 VMG to Waypoint (VMC)
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
WAYPOINT
VMG WPT
Provided by the position fixer
Knots
This is another function that is directly calculated by the
position fixing system. This can be a very important
function on free legs, particularly if you are a long way from
the mark, since the greatest VMG to Waypoint (VMC) is
not necessarily obtained by sailing straight at the mark. In
Figure 6 we can see how this works.
True W ind
Direction
Direction of
Next Mark
Optim um VMC
Course
Polar
Curve
Figure 6 - Optimum VMG to a Mark
78
HB-0845-06
2.9.54 VMG
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
SPEED
VMG
1Hz
Knots
Note
1.
Upwind/downwind Referenced.
As a measure of performance VMG has both advantages
and disadvantages. It is calculated from the true wind angle
and the boat speed.
VMG
KT
BOAT SPD
KT
True Wind
Direction
VMG
KT
BOAT SPD
KT
True Wind
Direction
True Wind
Angle = 150
Boat Speed
5.8 Knots
VMG
4.44
Knots
VMG
5.54
Knots
Boat Speed
6.4 Knots
True Wind
Angle = 40
Up Wind
Figure 7 -
HB-0845-06
Down Wind
Calculation of VMG
79
h2000 User Manual
VMG can measure the performance upwind and downwind
much more effectively than boat speed, since it takes into
account how close the boat is sailing to the wind. However,
it is not possible for the helmsman to sail to it directly
because of the momentum of the boat. As the boat sails
closer to the wind, the VMG will initially rise because the
boat will hold its speed due to the energy contained in its
momentum. VMG increases, and the helmsman, seeing this,
would be encouraged to sail even closer to the wind thus
increasing the VMG still further. Ultimately the boat will be
head to wind and stop dead. VMG will then drop.
Because of this, the technique has been developed of
analysing the boat’s performance to find out at which speed
the greatest VMG occurs.
Once this is known the helmsman steers to this target boat
speed knowing that this is optimising their upwind or
downwind performance.
Whilst VMG is an important part of sailing technique, it
should be checked by someone other than the helmsman.
This person should develop a feel for the boat speeds when
the greatest VMG is attained and then communicate these to
the helmsman.
2.9.55 Wind Angle to the Mast
Menu heading:
Function text:
Update rate:
Units:
PERFORM
W/A MAST
1Hz
Degrees
Note
1.
Requires mast rotation sensor
When the mast rotation sensor is fitted, this measures the
apparent wind angle to the mast's centreline, thus giving the
actual attack angle of the entry of the sail to the wind.
80
HB-0845-06
Table 3.
- Polar Table 0
TRUE WIND SPEED IN KNOTS
TRUE WIND
ANGLE
2.5
5.0
7.5
10.0
12.5
15
17.5
20
22.5
25
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
1.56
1.87
2.08
2.13
2.19
2.10
2.02
2.00
1.98
1.99
1.97
1.90
1.87
1.84
1.80
1.75
1.70
1.80
40
1.80
157
2.70
3.04
3.29
3.52
3.75
3.83
3.91
3.90
3.85
3.76
3.65
3.50
3.25
3.01
2.80
2.60
2.40
2.85
39
2.70
158
3.57
4.04
4.40
4.67
4.95
5.22
5.40
5.45
5.40
5.26
5.08
4.90
4.60
4.20
3.90
3.65
3.42
3.79
38
3.70
160
4.10
4.88
5.49
5.90
6.09
6.18
6.27
6.31
6.39
6.39
6.30
6.00
5.67
5.23
4.80
4.50
4.30
4.34
37
4.80
161
4.50
5.30
5.99
6.50
6.69
6.79
6.88
7.02
7.10
7.11
7.06
6.87
6.67
6.30
5.80
5.50
5.29
4.69
36
5.70
162
4.80
5.66
6.54
6.95
7.07
7.22
7.30
7.45
7.59
7.65
7.65
7.51
7.38
7.04
6.60
6.31
6.02
5.00
35
6.20
163
5.00
5.95
6.78
7.23
7.36
7.48
7.61
7.74
7.87
7.96
8.00
7.96
7.80
7.56
7.20
6.96
6.83
5.23
34.5
6.80
165
5.20
5.99
6.87
7.33
7.45
7.58
7.73
7.88
8.03
8.19
8.30
8.21
8.10
7.93
7.70
7.53
7.44
5.33
34
7.40
168
5.50
6.15
6.86
7.35
7.51
7.67
7.89
8.11
8.30
8.40
8.43
8.36
8.28
8.19
8.05
7.93
7.88
5.37
34
7.80
170
5.40
6.20
6.75
7.29
7.50
7.72
7.95
8.18
8.39
8.50
8.53
8.48
8.42
8.37
8.27
8.22
8.17
5.32
33.5
8.10
172
OPTIMUM VMG
OPT TWA U/W
OPTIMUM VMG
OPT TWA D/W
HB-0845-06
81
h2000 User Manual
CHAPTER 3: CALIBRATION
3.1
INTRODUCTION
WARNING
Every care must be taken when undertaking any
Calibration Procedure to ensure that the h2000 System
is calibrated accurately and correctly. Incorrect
calibration could lead to incorrect navigational
information placing the yacht into danger.
Calibration of an integrated instrument system is probably
one of the most misunderstood processes in the world of
yacht racing. Rather in the way that fast sails badly trimmed
will add little or nothing to the boat’s performance, good
instruments badly calibrated, will also achieve very little. In
the same way that just a few trimmers guard their skills in a
mystique amounting to a black art, the navigators who really
understand and can get the maximum from their electronic
partners, have tended to hide what is, like sail trim, a highly
logical understandable process in a veil of mystifying
jargon. This part of the manual hopes to remove some of
that mystique and break the calibration process down into a
series of simple steps, which, when carefully undertaken in
the right order, will consistently produce good results.
There are four sensor inputs to your system that are
fundamental to its integrated approach - Boat Speed,
Compass Heading, Measured Wind Angle and Measured
Wind Speed.
82
HB-0845-06
Without these basic inputs you cannot have the more
important values of true wind speed and direction and
velocity made good, which are calculated from them. As an
absolute minimum your system should measure these four
parameters. There are many really useful additional values
that the h2000 allows you to measure, but they are not
essential to the system's primary function. Nevertheless,
these will need to be calibrated as well, but we shall deal
with them separately, after we have the main system up and
running.
On any yacht after the launch, the calibration of the sensors
should have the same priority as making sure that the sails
fit. It is crucial to keep a full record of the process.
Appendix 1 contains calibration tables for this purpose.
3.2
BOAT SPEED/LOG CALIBRATION
3.2.1
Principle of Log Calibration
To calibrate the log we must work out the number of
revolutions of a paddle-wheel, or sonic pulses per second
that correspond to each knot of boat speed. The boat
speed/log calibration value is always shown as Hertz per
knot (Hz/Kt)
The h2000 allows for calibration of separate port and
starboard sensors, as well as a single unit.
There are occasions when you will need to calibrate each
tack separately e.g. for dual or single sensor installations,
due to the placement of the units off the centre line. If you
have a single unit which you have calibrated automatically,
as we are about to explain, and it shows differences between
one tack and the other, then the solution lies in using the
manual method of entering percentage offset values into the
Boat Speed correction table.
HB-0845-06
83
h2000 User Manual
In the case of multiple speed sensors the h2000 will always
use the calibration value for the selected sensor; this is
determined by the system based on user choice of heel, wind
angle or a combination of the two.
3.2.2
Preparation for Log Calibration
Before calibrating the log you should ensure that the
underwater unit is correctly aligned as follows:
Sonic Speed: Check that the unit is operating
correctly.
Ultrasonic Speed: The notch on the transducer is
located in the cut-out in the housing.
Paddle-Wheel: The moulded arrows on top of the
unit must be pointing forward along the fore and aft
line of the hull. The unit must also be totally free of
any weed or other fouling.
3.2.3
Calibration Runs
Consecutive runs, under power at a constant speed, should
be made along the given course. To eliminate the effect of
tidal conditions, it is advisable to perform at least two runs,
preferably three, along the measured course. There are three
available options for calibrating the log, Automatically
(AUTO CAL), Manually (MANL CAL) or to a Reference
speed (REF CAL).
3.2.4
Log AUTO CAL Facility
This facility enables the user to calibrate the yacht's log
accurately and simply. Calculations are performed by the
h2000 computer. Referring to Figure 8, A and B are the
markers for each run and X is the actual distance for each
run as ascertained from the chart.
84
HB-0845-06
A
Start Run 1
"Enter"
Cal Dist
X
B
Stop Run 1
"Enter"
Stop Run 2
"Enter"
Start Run 2
"Enter"
"Scroll Up"
or
"Scroll Down"
"Scroll Up"
or
"Scroll Down"
Start Run 3
"Enter"
End Cal
"Enter"
Figure 8 -
Calibration Runs
The user is required to enter the distance X in nautical miles
(CAL DIST) and then, as the yacht passes marks A and B
on each run, to instruct the system to start (STRT RUN) and
stop (STOP RUN) and finally to end calibration (END
CAL) after the last run is completed.
Note
The calibration process can be cancelled at any time during
the operation by pressing the Page Key, if the operator is
not satisfied with the calibration runs underway, e.g.,
hampered by another vessel, or wash etc.
3.2.5
HB-0845-06
Log AUTO CAL Procedure
1.
Select BOAT SPD on the upper display.
2.
Press and hold
CALBRATE.
Scroll
Down
to
select
85
h2000 User Manual
3.
Press Enter, the display shows the current Boat
Speed on the upper display with AUTO CAL
flashing below.
4.
Press Enter, the display shows the current Boat
Speed with SINGLE flashing.
5.
Press Enter twice and display shows the default
setting for the actual calibration distance for each
run along the given course.
6.
Press Enter, the value for CAL DIST will flash.
The Scroll Up and Scroll Down Keys can now be
used to select the appropriate measured distance
(X). Press Enter to accept the new distance. The
system is now ready to start the first calibration
run.
7.
Press Scroll Up and STRT RUN appears,
flashing.
8.
When crossing the first transit mark of the run,
press Enter, the display now shows the current
Boat Speed with STOP RUN flashing.
9.
When crossing the transit mark at the end of the
run press Enter, the display shows the current
Boat Speed with END CAL flashing.
10. Press Scroll Down to select STRT RUN again
and repeat steps (8) and (9).
11. If only two runs are required, press Enter to end
calibration. The lower display will now show the
new calibration value which has automatically
been calculated by the Main Processor. This
should be recorded in the chart provided
(Appendix 1).
12. If a third run is required, press Scroll Down to
STRT RUN then repeat from step (8).
86
HB-0845-06
Note
• “Err” is displayed if the system encountered a problem
during the calibration run. For example, if the calibration
run distance was too short.
The log is now calibrated and the new calibration value is
stored permanently in the Main Processor memory.
3.2.6
Manual Calibration
The calibration values can be adjusted directly as follows:
1.
Select BOAT SPD in the upper display.
2.
Press and hold the Scroll Down Key to select
CALIBRATE from the menu.
3.
Press Enter then press Scroll Down and the
display shows MANL CAL, which is the choice
that we require.
4.
Press Enter and the display shows SINGLE.
Notes
• SINGLE is the choice required if a single paddle-wheel
or sonic speed is fitted.
• If two paddle-wheels are fitted it is possible to access the
individual port and starboard calibration values: use the
Scroll Up or Scroll Down keys to select PORT CAL or
STBD CAL, as required. The Port and Starboard
calibration values refer to the sensor, i.e. port calibration
= port sensor (not “port tack”).
HB-0845-06
5.
Press Enter to reveal the current calibration value
in Hertz/knot.
6.
To adjust the calibration value, press Enter and
the value flashes.
7.
Use Scroll Up or Scroll Down to change the
calibration value as required to the new
calibration value.
87
h2000 User Manual
8.
Press Enter to store the new value into the
system.
9.
Press Page to return to full display.
3.2.7 Speed Calibration Referenced to a Known
Value
To calibrate the Boat Speed by reference to a known value,
e.g. another boat with an accurately calibrated log, proceed
as follows:
3.2.8
1.
Select BOAT SPD KT on upper half of FFD
display:
2.
Press Scroll Down until the lower text shows
CALBRATE flashing.
3.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows AUTO
CAL flashing.
4.
Press Scroll Down until the lower text shows
REF CAL flashing.
5.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows REF CAL
along with the current value of Boat Speed.
6.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows the REF
CAL value flashing and by use of the Scroll
Up/Down the reference speed may be adjusted to
the new value.
7.
Press Enter, the new speed value is accepted and
the upper display will show the re-calibrated Boat
Speed.
Boat Speed Units (Knots, MPH, KPH)
To configure the required boat speed units proceed as
follows:
1.
88
Press Scroll Up until the upper text shows LOG
flashing.
HB-0845-06
2.
Press Enter, the upper text now shows STD LOG
flashing.
3.
Press Scroll Up until the upper text shows TRIP
LOG flashing.
4.
Press Enter, the upper text shows TRIP LOG and
the current value.
5.
Press Scroll Down until the lower text shows
CALBRATE flashing.
6.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows CAL VAL
1 flashing.
7.
Press Scroll Down repeatedly and the lower text
will cycle through CAL1, VAL 1, CAL VAL 2,
and CAL VAL 3.
When CAL VAL 1 is displayed:
8.
Press Enter, the lower text shows SPD KTS.
When CAL VAL 2 is displayed:
9.
Press Enter, the lower text shows SPD MPH.
When CAL VAL 3 is displayed:
10. Press Enter, the lower text shows SPD KPH.
For whichever selection is made:
11. Press Enter, the lower text now shows SPD KTS,
SPD MPH, or SPD KPH with the current boat
speed value in its original units.
12. Press Enter, the current boat speed value, in its
original units, will flash.
13. Press Enter, the current boat speed will be
converted to and displayed in the newly selected
units.
HB-0845-06
89
h2000 User Manual
3.2.9
Tack Source Speed Calibration Setting
The Tack Source setting allows you to define how the
h2000 determines which tack it is presently sailing on, and
therefore decide which is the most appropriate boat speed
sensor and calibration value (port or starboard) to use.
The port and starboard boat speed calibration values can be
automatically switched from either the apparent wind angle
or heel angle if a suitably installed sensor is connected to the
system. The tack source function can also be used to force
the system to select either Port Tack or Starboard Tack
when calibrating boat speed and thus help you to eliminate
tack-to-tack boat speed differences.
The Force Tack options are used to ensure that only one
sensor input is measured during calibration.
Tack Source calibration is
corresponding number under:
done
by
entering
the
WIND → TRUE DIR, CALBRATE → CAL VAL 3
CAL VAL 3
Setting
0
1
2
3
4
90
Description
Tack source uses heel as
preference upwind and
Measured Wind Angle as
preferred source downwind.
Heel is always the preferred
source.
Measured Wind Angle is
always the preferred source
(Default setting).
Force tack to starboard
(uses port sensor input)
Force tack to port
(uses starboard sensor
input)
HB-0845-06
3.2.10 Boat Speed Offset Calibration
If a difference in boat speed is indicated from tack to tack, it
is possible to calibrate out the error using an offset table.
It is necessary to first calibrate the boat speed using one of
the methods described previously, it is then important to
establish which tack is providing the correct boat speed, set
the other tack to be the “correction tack” under TACK OFF.
1.
Select BOAT SPD on an FFD.
2.
Press Enter, then scroll to select CALIBRATE.
3.
Scroll to CORRECTN, press Enter.
4.
Select TACK OFF, press Enter
5.
Set to PORT or STBD.
6.
Press Enter to confirm, then scroll up to HEEL.
7.
Set the current value for the heel angle.
8.
Scroll up to OFFSET PC and enter the percentage
error on this (inaccurate) tack.
The entered percentage offset is applied for angles greater
than, and equal to the entered heel angle, and is interpolated
to 0% at 0 degrees of heel.
3.2.11 Speed Linearity Correction
After the Tack correction is applied it is possible to apply
both Heel Angle and Linearity corrections to the boat speed
data.
The Linearity correction table is provided due to the
characteristics of different speed sensors, a paddlewheel
sensor (for example) is inherently non-linear so at high boat
speeds due to their mechanical nature, they are likely to
over-read and require correction. An Ultrasonic sensor is
linear in its response and does not require significant
correction.
HB-0845-06
91
h2000 User Manual
Heel Angle corrections apply to all types of sensor and are
actually due to the change in water flow patterns over the
surface of the hull rather than the sensor characteristics.
The procedure to enter correction values is as follows:
SPEED → BOAT SPD, CALBRATE → CORRECTN
Heel
0º
10º
20º
5
0.0
-0.2
-0.4
10
-2.0
-2.3
-3.9
Boat Speed (Knots)
15
20
-3.9
-6.0
-4.0
-6.5
-6.1
-8.5
25
-7.8
-9.6
-11.5
30
-9.3
-11.0
-13.3
Values are entered as a percentage. All default values are
zero.
3.2.12 Substituting Speed Over Ground for Boat
Speed
It is possible to substitute Speed Over Ground (SOG) in
place of Boat Speed for calculated functions. This may be
desirable for certain applications such as fast multi-hulls
where the speed sensor may spend periods of time out of the
water. It could also be used in the case of sensor failure.
Note that using SOG for calculated functions has some
disadvantages: SOG is not the same as Boat Speed as it is
referenced to the ground rather than the water, which may
be moving due to tidal flows and currents, so SOG will not
allow calculation of Tide. Calculation of Wind data via
SOG will actually give Ground Wind data, so will appear
inaccurate in strong tidal conditions. SOG is also updated
less frequently on the network.
The speed source setting is entered under:
SPEED → BOAT SPD, CALBRATE → USE SOG
0 = Use Paddle wheel sensor
92
HB-0845-06
1 = Use Speed Over Ground
3.2.13 Pulse2 Boat Speed Input
The h2000 is able to display boat speed readings from a
secondary boat speed sensor connected to the main
processor. The function PULSE2 can be renamed by
selecting one of the pre-defined functions. This is done by
entering the corresponding number under:
SPEED → PULSE2, CALBRATE → CAL VAL 1
CAL VAL 1 Function Text
Setting
Shown
0
PULSE2
1
STBD BS
2
PORT BS
3
BOAT SPD
Notes
Default setting. The display will
show the input in Hz if present.
The secondary boat speed sensor
is declared as STBD under the
SPEED menu. The primary boat
speed sensor is declared as PORT
in the SPEED menu.
The secondary boat speed sensor
is declared as PORT under the
SPEED menu. The primary boat
speed sensor is declared as STBD
in the SPEED menu.
The primary boat speed sensor is
completely replaced by the
secondary boat speed sensor.
Additionally, it is possible to configure the h2000 to use an
external speed source and disable the boat speed sensor
inputs connected to the main processor. This is done by
entering the corresponding number under:
SPEED → PULSE2, CALBRATE → CAL VAL 2
HB-0845-06
93
h2000 User Manual
CAL VAL 2
Setting
0
1
Description
Default setting. Uses the
boat speed sensor(s)
connected to the main
processor.
Uses an external boat speed
source. For example, a
paddlewheel sensor
connected to a pilot
computer or NMEA boat
speed decoded by the main
processor.
3.3
MEASURED WIND SPEED AND ANGLE
3.3.1
Principles of Wind Speed/Angle Calibration
One of the greatest problems for an instrument system to
overcome, which has not yet been conquered, is wind shear
and wind gradient. These two effects are at the root of some
apparent instrument inaccuracies. The effects themselves are
relatively straightforward and are due to the simple fact that
as moving air comes into contact with the ground it slows
and changes direction.
The slowing creates the effect called wind gradient. The
change in direction creates wind shear. Both shear and the
wind gradient depend on the amount of mixing of the wind
at ground level and the wind aloft; if the wind is well mixed
both effects are minimised. The best example of this is the
sea breeze, which starts off almost completely unmixed.
Differences of direction of 40-50 degrees between the wind
at the mast head and the wind at the water are not
uncommon in an early sea-breeze, but as the day goes on
and the sea-breeze strengthens this will disappear.
94
HB-0845-06
This creates a problem for the two things we are about to try
to calibrate, measured wind speed and measured wind angle.
It is easy to see how shear can affect the measured wind
angle; no sooner have you set it up than the shear changes
and everything is out again.
This can lead to a circular situation if one is not careful, and
the best solution is to do your calibration on a day when the
shear is minimal, and thereafter leave it as an indicator of
the wind angle at the masthead, always remembering that
this is not necessarily the wind angle that you are sailing at.
How do you know the shear is minimal? If you are finding it
easier to get speed on one tack than the other for no obvious
reasons, then there is likely to be shear. A good look at the
general weather conditions is also helpful. Do not calibrate
in building sea breezes.
Wind gradient is the biggest culprit for getting true wind
speeds accused of gross inaccuracy. The problem is that
most people use the wind speed as a measure of the
pressure, which it is not. It is a measure of the wind speed at
the top of the mast, and that is all. If it is 12 knots at the top
of the mast and only 4 at the water, then the breeze will feel
a lot softer, and provide less power for the rig than if the
breeze is twelve knots all the way down to the water.
There are other signs that can help get a feel for the pressure
on the rig. One of the most important of these is the heel
angle; it is no bad thing to have an idea of how much heel
you normally have in any given windspeed. Target boat
speeds can also provide valuable information as to the wind
gradient. The target is read from a polar table which only
knows about one average wind condition, it does not know
if the wind has a strong gradient or none at all. So next time
you are having trouble reaching the target speeds, think
about the wind gradient and whether or not it is a soft or
heavy breeze, and use the input to help sail the boat. The
information from the instruments is generally useful - it just
needs rather more interpreting than it sometimes gets.
HB-0845-06
95
h2000 User Manual
This is why we recommend that the last thing you touch is
the Measured Wind Speed. It is calibrated in the factory
where wind tunnel calibrated units are available, and
apparent inaccuracies are 99% attributable to effects such as
wind gradient, rather than to a basic calibration problem.
3.3.2
Measured Wind Angle (MWA) Calibration
To discover the MWA alignment error we can employ one
of two techniques. The first is simply to go head to wind
and read the value of the Measured Wind Angle. If it reads
anything other than 0, you have an error. If the error is
greater than 0 (up to 180 degrees), you should subtract the
error from 0 and enter this as the calibration value. So if
when you go head to wind the measured wind angle reads 4
degrees, then you should enter -4 as the calibration value. If
it is less than 0 then the opposite applies.
The second method involves a sailing trial as shown in
Figure 9 - Masthead Unit Alignment.
1.
Whilst monitoring MEAS W/A on a display, sail
upwind at the optimum close-hauled angle.
2.
When conditions are steady, write down the mean
MEAS W/A reading.
3.
Tack the vessel and sail at the optimum closehauled position as before.
4.
When conditions are again steady, write down the
mean MEAS W/A reading.
5.
Repeat steps (1) to (4) inclusive at least two or
three times to obtain an average MEAS W/A for
each tack.
6.
Half the difference between the two Measured
W/A’s needs to be applied to the MHU OFFSET.
If STBD is greater than PORT, then subtract half
the difference.
WIND → MEAS W/A, CALBRATE → MHU ANGL
96
HB-0845-06
Full details are given in Examples of Calibration contained
in Chapter 2 - Operating Information.
Wind
33˚
27˚
Stbd Tack
Sails sheeted
close hauled
Port Tack
Sails sheeted
close hauled.
exactly the same
as stbd tack
Difference = 6˚
MHU error 6˚/2 = 3˚ (CAL value)
if Port Tack is low subtract
if Stbd Tack is low add
Figure 9 3.3.3
003˚
003˚
Masthead Unit Alignment
Measured Wind Speed
As previously stated you are strongly discouraged from
changing the measured wind speed calibration. However,
should you need to do it, then the changes are made in the
system menu under:
WIND → MEAS W/S, CALBRATE → MHU CAL
and
WIND → MEAS W/S, CALBRATE → MHU OFFS
HB-0845-06
97
h2000 User Manual
3.4
TRUE WIND CORRECTION
Calibration of True Wind Angle and True Wind Speed will
automatically correct Apparent Wind Angle and Apparent
Wind Speed errors.
3.4.1
True Wind Direction
The need for further calibration of true wind direction will
become clear as soon as you go sailing. The true wind might
vary in direction from tack to tack, independently of any
wind shifts. This phenomenon has come to be known as the
true wind 'tacking'. We can see the direct connection
between true wind angle and direction in Figure 9 below.
True Wind
Direction
=280˚
Heading
=240˚
TWA
=40˚
Figure 10 - True Wind Direction
The reason for this is a variety of errors that enter into the
calculation of true wind angle from measured wind angle.
98
HB-0845-06
MHU
Figure 11 - Upwash
In Figure 11 the wind that the instruments measure is
actually deflected from the 'real' wind angle. Add to this the
various twisting effects of the mast and the Masthead Unit,
and we get some idea of the problems involved. The hardest
part is that it is easy to see the true wind direction 'tack' as
little as 2-3 degrees, which would mean the correction
factors being as accurate as 0.5 degree, or about 1%. For
any particular windspeed the correction needed for all these
errors have to be different from day to day, not least because
of the problems of wind gradient we discussed earlier.
As we have seen the problem stems from the true wind
direction 'tacking' as the boat manoeuvres from tack to tack.
We need to know the error that the true wind suffers in any
manoeuvre, be it tacking upwind, a reach-to-reach tack, or
gybing downwind. Once you know the error, and the
windspeed you had at the time, then we can enter it as a
correction into a table of corrections similar to that shown in
Table 4 - Example of True Wind Angle Correction Table.
HB-0845-06
99
h2000 User Manual
Wind Angle
True Wind Speed
5
10
2
5
3
5
0
0
Upwind
Reaching
Downwind
Table 4.
15
3
6
0
20
2
5
0
25
1
4
0
30
1
3
0
- Example of True Wind Angle Correction Table
The table initially contained in the h2000’s memory is
empty and we need to discover and enter the relevant
corrections for true wind direction. To see how we work out
the correction we will look at an on the water situation, from
which we can determine some general rules.
Starboard Tack
true wind direction
200˚
Heading
=160˚
40˚
10˚
Port Tack
true wind direction
210˚
40˚
Heading
=250˚
Figure 12 - True Wind Direction Error
In Fig 12 we see a typical situation, sailing on port tack,
upwind, in ten knots, the true wind direction reads 210. We
tack over onto starboard and settle the boat down, now the
true wind direction reads 200. There is a ten degree error
tack to tack. The true wind direction should read 205 on
both tacks. To correct the true wind angle so that the true
wind direction reads 205 on both tacks, we need to add 5
degrees to the true wind angle. So for a general rule we can
say:
If you are lifted from Tack to Tack subtract half the
difference.
100
HB-0845-06
And the converse will apply:
If headed from Tack to Tack add half the difference.
All we need to do now is tell the h2000 the correction value
at each of the points in the table. The true wind correction
facility, is found in the menu under:
WIND → TRUE W/A, CALBRATE → CORRECTION
This then allows you to scroll through all the correction
values in the table (using Scroll Up or Scroll Down) until
you find the one where you wish to enter a correction, in our
example above we would be looking for "upwind, 10
knots". Once you have scrolled through to this, a press of
the Enter Key will allow you to enter the required number
of degrees correction (i.e. +5) using the Scroll Up and
Scroll Down Keys to increase/decrease the value
accordingly. A final press of the Enter Key stores this to the
h2000.
In the early stages of calibration when the table is nearly
empty, it is important to enter the same value of correction
to the windspeeds either side of the one you are using. This
is to avoid the true wind direction jumping in value when
the wind speed drops or increases outside the range you are
correcting.
As your table gets closer to being finished you will be able
to make individual changes, because the other corrections
will be accurate enough to avoid any strange "step" changes
as the true wind speed varies. For this reason it is very
important to enter all these corrections into a Calibration
Chart (see Appendix 1). This way you will notice any big
gaps in the correction table where you have entered no
values at all.
Initially you may require to do some sailing trials, and it is
advisable to get into a pre-start routine of carrying out each
of the tacking manoeuvres before the start of a race,
correcting any problems as they arise.
HB-0845-06
101
h2000 User Manual
Finally, the most important thing is to record all these
entries in the Calibration Charts provided in Appendix 1.
3.4.2
True Wind Speed
The True Wind Speed suffers from another, mainly
aerodynamic, problem, where it tends to over-read
downwind because of acceleration of the airflow over the
top of the mast. It is possible to correct for this by applying
a downwind correction to the true wind speed. This
correction is applied at 165 degrees in a Hydra system, or at
the user set angle in a *Hercules system, and linearly
interpolated to zero correction at 90 degrees true wind
angle. The routine here is to bear away quickly from closehauled to your usual downwind True Wind Angle and watch
the increase in true wind speed. Then the difference is
entered as the negative correction. The table will look
similar to the one shown in Table 5 - True Wind Speed
Correction.
Wind Angle
Correction (kt)
Correction angle*
True Wind Speed
5
10
15
0
0
0
165
165
165
20
0
165
25
0
165
30
0
165
Table 5. - Example of True Wind Speed Correction Table
The corrections are found in the menu under:
WIND → TRUE W/S, CALBRATE → CORRECTION
They are entered in the same way as the true wind direction
corrections. It is crucial to keep a full record of the process.
102
HB-0845-06
3.5
COMPASS CALIBRATION
3.5.1
Principles of Compass Calibration
B&G's Autoswing compasses contain software that allows
them to record the magnetic fields in the yacht that are
causing the deviation errors. It calculates the corrections
every time the boat completes a 360° turn, provided the
following conditions are met:
HB-0845-06
a.
The 360° turn - Halcyon 2000 & Halcyon Gyro
Stabilised Compass is completed in the same
direction.
b.
The rate of change of heading does not exceed
3°/s; i.e. the turn should take about 3 minutes to
complete.
c.
The rate of change of heading must not fall below
0.2 of a degree per second during the 360° turn,
i.e. the turn must not take longer than 12 minutes.
d.
The rate of change in heading is constant.
e.
The compass is installed in a location a safe
distance from magnetic interference such as iron
keels, engines, loudspeakers etc. Consideration
should also be given to electrical cables which
may carry high currents (e.g. navigation lights).
f.
The compass is installed in a location as close to
the centreline of the boat as possible. Avoid areas
such as the fore peak and the sides of the hull
where the effects of pitch and roll are at their
greatest.
g.
On steel hulled vessels, the compass will need to
be installed above decks away from the effects of
the hull.
103
h2000 User Manual
3.5.2
Heading Source Selection
The h2000 System can accept heading data from a variety of
different sources. These different sources are known as
Nodes and allow the system to identify which heading
devices are connected to the system. The list below shows
the various sources of heading available with its respective
address node:
Device Node
Main Processor (NMEA input)
Performance Processor (NMEA input)
Halcyon Processor (“Halcyon Gyro” input)
Halcyon Processor (NMEA input)
Halcyon 2000 Compass
PLC Pilot (internal compass)
ACP Pilot (direct “Halcyon Gyro” input)
NMEA Input to NMEA FFD
5
9
15
15
16
17
18
96, 97…
Enter the required heading node by following the procedure
below:
104
a.
Press the Scroll Up key until NAVIGATE is
shown in the text, flashing.
b.
Press Enter.
c.
Press the Scroll Up key again until the display
shows COURSE flashing.
d.
Press Enter. COURSE will now stop flashing.
e.
Press Scroll Down until the display shows
CALBRATE.
f.
Press Enter 3 times. The display now shows
HDG NODE and will display a value which
flashes.
g.
Use the Scroll Up and Scroll Down keys to
change the value to the required setting.
h.
Press Enter.
i.
Switch the system off, and then back on again to
complete the calibration process.
HB-0845-06
Notes
• Hydra Pilots, Hercules Pilots, HS Pilots and Halcyon
FFDs will also require the Heading Node to be set to
your desired choice. Refer to the relevant user manual
for further information.
• 20/20 displays will require Heading to be re-selected
following Heading node selection. Simply re-select this
function. Refer to Para 5.4.5 for more information.
3.5.3
HB-0845-06
Halcyon 2000 Compass Calibration Procedure
1.
Check for any magnetic devices placed near the
compass, especially ones that are out of their
normal places.
2.
On a calm day select a stretch of open water with
little traffic (so you will not have to take avoiding
action which would affect the calibration). The
flatter the water and the less the wind the easier it
will be to meet the conditions for calibration.
3.
Check for and avoid sailing close to any large
steel structures nearby, that may cause additional,
erratic deviations.
4.
Scroll to the NAVIGATE menu and select COMP
CAL on the top half of the display. The display
shows OFF.
5.
Press Scroll Down until the lower text shows
CALBRATE flashing.
6.
Press the Enter key twice to display START and
a default setting of ‘0’.
7.
Press the Enter key once and the ‘0’ starts to
flash. Use the Scroll Up key to change the value
to ‘1’.
8.
Press the Enter key. The display now shows
000°.
9.
At a speed not exceeding five knots, turn the boat
through 360° at a rate not greater than 2-3° per
105
h2000 User Manual
second. The display will show the amount of turn
completed so far. Continue to turn the boat until
the display shows PASS or FAIL. If FAIL is
displayed the compass calibration should be restarted.
10. Eliminate any constant error in heading. These are
normally checked for by using shore-based
transits, once the error is known it can be
eliminated by entering the value into the Hercules
under:
NAVIGATE → HEADING, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
For example, the compass was reading 320 degrees and it
should read 316, then the value to enter would be -4.
Notes
• The compass calibration swing may be aborted at any
time. To do this, press the Enter key once. Next, using
the Scroll Down key change the value from ‘1’ to ‘0’,
and then press Enter to store. The display will now show
OFF.
• The first time the system is switched on, or after a
system reset, the Heading will alternate with CAL. This
is to indicate to the user that the compass must be
calibrated. This will disappear after the compass has
been calibrated.
3.5.4 Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass Calibration
Procedure
106
1.
Check for any magnetic devices placed near the
compass, especially ones that are out of their
normal places.
2.
On a calm day select a stretch of open water with
little traffic (so you will not have to take avoiding
action which would ruin the calibration). The
flatter the water and the less the wind the easier it
will be to meet the conditions for calibration.
HB-0845-06
3.
Check for any large steel structures nearby, that
may cause additional, erratic deviations.
4.
Scroll to the MISC menu and select HALCYON
on the top display. GYRO will be displayed in the
top data line if a Halcyon Gyro Stabilised
Compass is connected.
5.
Press scroll down until the lower text shows
‘CALIBRATE’ press the ENTER key
6.
Press scroll down until the lower text shows
CALIBRATE, press the ENTER key, and scroll
down to CAL VAL 1, press enter and START
will be displayed with ‘0’ as a default value
7.
Press enter and the ‘0’ starts to flash. Use the
scroll up key to change the value to ‘1’.
8.
Press the Enter key. The display now shows
000°.
9.
At a speed not exceeding five knots, turn the boat
through 360° at a rate not greater than 2-3° per
second. The display will show the amount of turn
completed so far. Continue to turn the boat until
the display shows PASS or FAIL. If FAIL is
displayed you must re-calibrate your compass.
Notes
• The compass calibration swing can be aborted at any
time. To do this press the Enter key once. Next press the
Scroll Down key and change the value from ‘1’ to ‘0’.
• You can re-calibrate at any time by following the above
procedures.
If you have any constant error in your heading, you can
correct for this:
NAVIGATE → HEADING, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
HB-0845-06
107
h2000 User Manual
Enter the value to offset your heading e.g. if your heading
displays 100° and it should read 97°, then the value to enter
would be –3.
3.5.5
Halcyon Gyro Processor Setup
Data under the MISC > HALCYON function describes the
current mode of the Halcyon Gyro Processor, and are as
follows:
3.5.6
OFF
No heading detected from either a Halcyon Gyro
Stabilised Compass sensor or a B&G system
compass
GYRO
Receiving data from Halcyon Gyro Stabilised
Compass or NMEA input to Halcyon Gyro
Processor
SYS
Receiving data from a B&G system compass or
NMEA input to NMEA FFD or performance
processor
PASS
Calibration swing is complete
FAIL
Calibration swing failed and the compass needs
to be re-calibrated
xxxº
Number of degrees turned during calibration
swing, indicates calibration swing in progress
Halcyon Gyro Processor NMEA output setup
NMEA sentence output settings determine what sentences
are output with respect to which heading source is available.
MISC → HALCYON, CALBRATE → CAL VAL 2 (NMEA MDE)
108
HB-0845-06
Mode
0
1
2
3
4
Output
Details
from Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass or
HDT
NMEA input to Halcyon Gyro Processor
from Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass or
HDM
NMEA input to Halcyon Gyro Processor
from Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass or
HDG
NMEA input to Halcyon Gyro Processor
from a B&G system [compass or NMEA input
HDM/HDT
to FFD]
from a B&G system [compass or NMEA input
HDG
to FFD]
Notes
• Mode 0 is the default value
• Mode 3 will output the correct sentence depending on
configuration.
Navigate → Heading, CALIBRATE → CAL VAL 2
0 = Magnetic
1 = Auto (ºT if mag. variation available, otherwise ºM)
• If Mode 4 is selected and magnetic variation is not
available then only the magnetic heading will be output.
3.6
HEEL ANGLE/LEEWAY CALIBRATION
Calibration of Heel Angle and Leeway is only necessary if a
Heel Angle Sensor (Clinometer) or Halcyon Gyro-Stabilised
Compass is fitted to the yacht.
3.6.1
Heel Angle
The Heel Angle sensor (clinometer) should be mounted to
read zero when the boat is upright. However, small
misalignments can be corrected by means of the heel angle
calibration.
HB-0845-06
109
h2000 User Manual
On a calm day with the boat lying at slack warps in the
dock, head to wind, all the gear stowed in its normal place,
and anyone onboard standing on the centreline the heel
angle should be recorded, under these conditions it should
be zero, any error can be taken out by the heel angle
calibration, by adding or subtracting the error from the
existing calibration.
Heel angle calibration is to be found in the system menu
under:
PERFORM → HEEL, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
3.6.2
Leeway
Calibrating leeway is a notoriously difficult thing to do; it
may be easier, and as accurate, to consult the yachts
designer who may have a theoretical value for leeway
coefficient, as it is to try to measure it. Should that not be
possible then we can calculate the Leeway coefficient from
the following formula:
L = KxH
Bs x Bs
where,
Bs = Boat Speed
K = Leeway Coefficient
H = Heel Angle
L = Leeway Angle
K then is the constant that needs to be entered, and to
establish a value for leeway coefficient we need to measure
the leeway angle at a particular heel angle and boat speed
shown in Fig 13 below.
110
HB-0845-06
Back Bearing
80˚
g-1
adin
Leeway Angle
He
se
Cour
ding
Hea
ers
Mark
Figure 13 - Leeway Angle Measurement
The idea is to sail on a steady course and drop markers*
over the stern at regular intervals, the angle between them
and the centreline of the yacht is measured with a handbearing compass, and hence leeway angle is measured.
Whilst this is happening the boat speed and heel angle
should be noted at intervals and an average calculated.
These values can then be used to calculate the leeway
coefficient from the following expression.
K = L x Bs x Bs
H
Obviously the flatter the water and the steadier the breeze
the more likely this is to be successful, but even in perfect
conditions it is difficult, to say the least. Once you have the
leeway coefficient 'K' then it is entered into the system
under:
NAVIGATE → LEEWAY, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
*please collect your markers after calibration!
HB-0845-06
111
h2000 User Manual
3.6.3 Heel and Trim angle from Halcyon Gyro
Compass
The heel and trim information from the Halcyon Gyro
Stabilised Compass is displayed in the PERFORM menu.
The H symbol will be placed on left indicating heel to port
and on the right for heel to starboard. The display will
always be shown to 1 decimal point
The U symbol on the left indicates that the bow is up, while
a d will be shown indicating bow down. The display will
always be shown to 1 decimal point
Both heel and trim have an offset calibration to allow for
any constant errors, adding or subtracting from CAL VAL 1
will correct this.
PERFORM → HEEL, CALIBRATE → CAL VAL 1
If you have heel and trim sensors connected to your system
as well as a Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass then the Heel
and Trim from the Compass will be used by default. If you
wish to use your external sensors then set CAL VAL 2 to
‘0’.
PERFORM → HEEL, CALIBRATE → CAL VAL 2
3.7
DEPTH
A typical transducer installation is through the hull at a
suitable position between the water line and the bottom of
the keel. A DATUM (offset value) can be set, such that the
depth display refers to either the water line or the keel line.
112
HB-0845-06
Transducer
Add for Waterline
Subtract for Keel
Figure 14 - Depth Datum
The datum is entered under:
DEPTH → DEPTH, CALBRATE → DATUM
3.8
AFT DEPTH
The h2000 has the facility to display NMEA depth data
from an auxiliary depth source. Any NMEA depth
information input into the NMEA port on the h2000 Main
Processor is displayed on the system as Aft Depth.
A depth datum offset is available for the AFT DEPTH
function. The datum is entered under:
DEPTH → AFT DPTH, CALBRATE → CAL VAL 1
Additionally, it is possible to re-name the function AFT
DEPTH by selecting one of the pre-defined function names.
This is done by entering the corresponding number under:
DEPTH → AFT DPTH, CALBRATE → CAL VAL 2
HB-0845-06
113
h2000 User Manual
CAL VAL 2
Setting
0
1
2
3
4
5
3.9
Function Text Shown
AFT DPTH
FWD DPTH
MID DPTH
PORT DEP
STBD DEP
DEPTH 2
BATTERY VOLTS
The h2000 monitors the yacht's battery supply and can be
shown on any display, giving a reading in volts. This is
calibrated by the manufacturer and should not require
adjustment except in exceptional circumstances or after a
system reset. If it is necessary to calibrate this function a
suitable voltmeter is required. The calibration value is found
in the menu under:
MOTOR → VOLTS, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
Using the independent voltmeter, measure the battery
supply at terminals 18 (+) and 17 (-) at the Computer Unit
connection block.
Alter CAL VAL1 to match the value from the voltmeter.
3.10
SEA TEMPERATURE
If a suitable temperature sensor is fitted, the h2000 will
monitor the current sea temperature.
The paddle-wheel has a sensor incorporated within it, in this
case no further action is required.
If the sensor is a totally independent fitting (B&G part no.
224-00-065) then it is necessary to change the sensor
selection value.
This value is found in:
114
HB-0845-06
TEMP → SEA TEMP, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1 (SENSORS)
The default selection value is 1, for the independent sensor
we need to change to 2.
3.10.1 Sea Temperature Offset Calibration
To calibrate SEA TEMP proceed as follows:
1.
Select SEA TEMP on upper half on FFD display
2.
Press Scroll Down until the lower text shows
CALBRATE flashing
3.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows CAL VAL
1 flashing
4.
Press Scroll Down, the lower text now shows
CAL VAL 2 flashing
5.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows OFFSET
6.
Press Enter, the lower text now shows OFFSET
flashing and by use of Scroll Up/Down the
reference temperature may be entered.
7.
Press Enter, the offset value is accepted and the
upper display will show the adjusted measured
temperature.
This calibration can be carried out on either SEA TEMP ºC
or SEA TEMP ºF
The offset value is automatically converted so that both
degrees C and F are adjusted correctly.
3.11
TIMER
The Timer uses a stable quartz crystal to provide an accurate
time base when calibrated. The calibration is set when the
unit is manufactured and should not normally require further
adjustment. If adjustment is necessary the calibration can be
found as follows:
HB-0845-06
115
h2000 User Manual
TIME → TIMER, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
The Calibration value is the number of seconds correction
required a day. If the timer is gaining then the number of
seconds it is gaining a day should be subtracted from the
current calibration value. If the timer is losing time the
number of seconds lost a day should be added to the current
calibration value.
116
HB-0845-06
CHAPTER 4: INSTALLATION INFORMATION
4.1
INTRODUCTION
This part of the manual contains information relating to the
interconnection of the units that make up the h2000 system.
It is provided to enable a qualified technician to fault find or
undertake the installation of additional units and thereby
increase the number of functions available.
The information provided consists of drawing sheets
showing equipment options and the interconnections
between them.
Also on the installation sheets are details of cables, cable
colours, instructions for installation and notes to assist the
technician.
The installation sheets following are:
1.
h2000 System Example Reference
2.
Power Supply, Fastnet Network and Alarm
3.
Network Terminator Installation
4.
Standard Full Function Display
5.
Analogue Meters
6.
Depth Transducer and Paddlewheel Sensor
7.
Ultrasonic Speed Sensor Unit
8.
Pulse 2 Input (Secondary boat speed input)
9.
Depth Transducer,
Temperature
Sonic
Speed
and
Sea
10. Change Over Switch Wiring
11. 213 Masthead Unit
12. Halcyon 2000 Compass
13. Multiple Linear Sensor Inputs
HB-0845-06
117
h2000 User Manual
14. Clinometer and Barometric Pressure Sensor
15. Main Processor NMEA Input
16. NMEA Full Function Display
17. Performance Processor
18. Halcyon Gyro Processor with Halcyon Gyro
Stabilised Compass
19. Halcyon Gyro Processor with NMEA Gyro input
20. Halcyon Gyro Processor as output interface
Notes
• All screens should be connected under the metal clamp
bar located on Processor cases.
• Cables should not to be run near Depth cables or other
cables where interference may result.
118
HB-0845-06
HB-0845-06
119
h2000 User Manual
ALARM UNIT, NETWORK AND POWER SUPPLY
INSTALLATION SHEET
NOTE:
TERMINATORS MUST BE FITTED
ACROSS THE GREEN AND WHITE
WIRES AT EACH END OF THE NETWORK
(ONLY TWO REQUIRED PER SYSTEM)
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21
MAIN PROCESSOR
TERMINALS
ALARM TERMINALS INTERNALLY
CONNECTED TO NORMALLY OPEN
0.5A RELAY CONTACT
Alarm Unit
130-00-045
(rear view)
BATTERY
SUPPLY
12V DC
+
+
-
1A FUSE
SATNAV LOG PULSES
200 PER NAUTICAL MILE
OPEN COLLECTOR, ACTIVE LOW
NETWORK TERMINATOR
FITTED WITHIN
NETWORK TERMINATOR
FITTED WITHIN
Halcyon
Hercules 2000
DEP
20/20
HALCYON DISPLAY
FULL FUNCTION DISPLAY
20/20 DISPLAY
TERMINAL
FUNCTION
ALARM UNIT
12
ALARM
13
ALARM
SYSTEM NETWORK
BLUE
BROWN
10m CABLE 135-0A-130
14
NETWORK DATA -
GREEN
15
NETWORK DATA +
WHITE
17
SUPPLY GROUND
BLACK
18
12V DC SUPPLY
POWER SUPPLY
RED
3m CABLE 135-0A-096
17
GROUND
BLUE
18
+12V DC SUPPLY
BROWN
19
BATTERY SENSE
SATNAV PULSES
120
CABLE & WIRE COLOUR
3m CABLE 135-0A-096
LINK
3m CABLE 135-0A-096
20
SATNAV PULSE OUTPUT
BROWN
21
GROUND
BLUE
HB-0845-06
NETWORK TERMINATOR INSTALLATION
THE NETWORK TERMINATOR 239-10-056 IS A BLACK TWO WIRED COMPONENT WITH A RESIST ANCE
OF 100 OHMS. TWO ARE SUPPLIED WITH INSULATING SLEEVING TO PREVENT SHORTING OF THE WIRES.
IMPORTANT NOTE
A NETWORK TERMINATOR MUST BE FITTED ACROSS THE GREEN AND WHITE NETWORK DATA WIRES OF
THE LAST UNIT OR JUNCTION BOX AT EACH END OF THE NETWORK CABLE. (SEE EXAMPLES BELOW)
WHEN ADDING MORE DISPLAYS OR UNITS TO THE NETWORK, ENSURE THAT THE TERMINATOR IS MOVED
TO THE ENDS OF THE NETWORK CABLE. NEVER FIT MORE THAN TWO TERMINATORS ON THE NETWORK.
PROCESSOR UNIT
EXAMPLE 1
SINGLE NETWORK CABLE, TERMINATED AT PROCESSOR UNIT
AND LAST JUNCTION BOX.
Network Cable
135-0A-130
HALCYON
DISPLAY
FFD
20/20
G W Scn Blk R
10
G
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
W Scn Blk R
INSERT
GROMMET PLUG
NETWORK
TERMINATOR
239-10-056
NETWORK
TERMINATOR
239-10-056
PROCESSOR UNIT
EXAMPLE 2
TWO NETWORK CABLES FROM PROCESSOR UNIT,
TERMINATED AT LAST JUNCTION BOX AT EACH END
FFD
Network Cable
Network Cable
135-0A-130
135-0A-130
HALCYON
FFD
20/20
DISPLAY
20/20
DISPLAY
UNITS AND DISPLAYS MAY BE FITTED IN ANY ORDER ON THE NETWORK
HB-0845-06
121
h2000 User Manual
8-Button FFD Installation
Junction Box
288-00-001
Connect like
wires together
Fastnet Cable
135-0A-130
FFD Cable
Function
FFD Cable
Colour
System
Network
Network Data -ve
Network Data +ve
Network Cable Shield
Ground
Supply +ve
Not used
Not used
Green
White
Shield
Black
Red
Yellow
Brown
Green
White
Shield
Black
Red
FFD Installation Notes
• The system requires at least one FFD.
• An FFD can be connected at any point on the system network.
• Multiple FFDs can be used on the system network. Each can control and enter data into the
system processor memory.
• FFDs can be used in combination with all other display types i.e. NMEA FFDs, Halcyon
displays, 20/20 and Pilot displays.
• To prevent water intrusion into the display, do not cut the cable shorter than marked by the
yellow band. If it is necessary to cut cables, then the wires MUST be tinned with a soldering iron
to ensure a proper seal around the wires.
• Screened Cables
o Shielded cables are supplied to provide protection against unwanted emissions (EMC)
and must be connected in accordance with these instructions.
• Network Termination
o If the FFD is the last unit on the system network a network terminator MUST be fitted
across the network data wires, i.e. between the green and white wires.
122
HB-0845-06
ANALOGUE METERS
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION SHEET
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
METER 1
WIND ANGLE
215-HL-016
9
10
11
MAIN PROCESSOR
TERMINALS
METER 3
BOAT SPEED
215-HL-019
METER 2
DEPTH
215-HL-025
ORANGE
ORANGE
4GND
3COM
SIN
2
5
SIN
1 6
1 6
E
5
GE
RE
AN
GREEN
ET
OL
VI
LET
BLACK
TERMINAL
AN
GE
RED
135-0A-095
5
1 6
OR
VIO
2
COS
1 6
LOW
YEL
SIN
LIGHTING
D
OR
BLU
2
COS
COS
LIGHTING
N
5
COS
LINK
2
4GND
LINK
LINK
SIN
3 COM
4GND
EE
3 COM
4
GND
COM
GR
3
METER 4
WIND SPEED
215-HL-022
UE
BL
LOW
YEL
BLACK
135-0A-095
FUNCTION
CABLE & WIRE COLOUR
PART OF 19m CABLE 135-0A-095
METERS 1 & 2
1
2
3
4
METER 1 SIN
COS
METER 2 SIN
COS
WIND ANGLE
WIND ANGLE
DEPTH
DEPTH
5
6
7
8
METERS 3 & 4
METER 3 SIN
COS
METER 4 SIN
COS
BOAT SPEED
BOAT SPEED
WIND SPEED
WIND SPEED
GREEN
BLUE
RED
VIOLET
PART OF 19m CABLE 135-0A-095
RED
VIOLET
GREEN
BLUE
ALL METERS COMMON
9
10
11
METER LIGHTING 12V
METER COMMON
METER GROUND
2x
2x
2x
YELLOW
ORANGE
BLACK
Meters are shown in Factory set configuration. To reconfigure refer to section 5 of the Manual.
"Return to Zero" meters must have terminals 4 and 5 linked; i.e. Boat Speed, Wind Speed, Depth,
Rudder Angle and Heel Angle.
HB-0845-06
123
h2000 User Manual
DEPTH AND PADDLE
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION SHEET
28 29 30 31 32
33 34 35 36
CUT OFF BLUE WIRE
MAIN PROCESSOR
UNIT
FOLD BACK SCREEN
AROUND CABLE AND SECURE
UNDER METAL CLAMP
Depth Transducer
SEN-DEPTH-H
TERMINAL
Paddle/Sea Temp. Sensor
SEN-SPEED-H
FUNCTION
DEPTH TRANSDUCER
29
30
DEPTH DEPTH +
PADDLE/SEA TEMP. SENSOR
31
32
33
34
35
124
PADDLE INPUT
NO CONNECTION
GROUND
SEA TEMP./PADDLE SUPPLY
SEA TEMP. INPUT
CABLE WIRE COLOUR
16m CABLE ATTACHED
BLACK
BLUE
16m CABLE ATTACHED
GREEN
BLACK
RED AND WHITE
YELLOW
HB-0845-06
Ultrasonic Speed Sensor Unit
28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
Main Processor
Terminals
SENSOR
INPUT
SPEED
OUTPUT
12V DC
INPUT
Ultrasonic Speed
Interface
12V d.c.
Power In
Ultrasonic Speed
Sensor
Note
All screened wires must have their screen attached to the clamp bar across the front case.
Terminal
31
32
33
34
35
HB-0845-06
Function
Boatspeed Input
No Connection
Ground
Sea Temperature/Paddle Supply
Sea Temperature Input
Wire Colour
Green
Black
Red/White
Yellow
Cable
135-0A-097
6 cores/screen
125
h2000 User Manual
Pulse 2 Input (Secondary boat speed input)
33 34
36
Cut back and insulate
unused wires
Main Processor
Unit
Fold back screen around
cable and secure under
metal clamp bar
Terminal
33
34
35
36
126
Function
Ground (0V)
Paddlewheel Supply (5V)
No connection
Pulse 2 Input
Wire Colour
Black
Red
Green
HB-0845-06
DEPTH TRANSDUCER, SONIC SPEED AND
SEA TEMPERATURE SENSOR INSTALLATION SHEET
29 30 31 32
33 34 35
184-00-024
SONIC
SPEED
135-0A-099
135-0A-106
Main Processor
Terminals
Refer to Page 4-4
for wiring details
Sonic Speed
Power In
135-0B-096
Sonic Transducers
184-00-081 (pair)
Sea Temperature Sensor
224-00-065
Fwd Transducer
Aft Transducer
Depth Transducer
SEN-DEPTH-H
TERMINAL
FUNCTION
DEPTH TRANSDUCER
29
DEPTH -
30
DEPTH +
SONIC SPEED SIGNAL
CABLE & WIRE COLOUR
16m CABLE ATTACHED
BLACK
BLUE
15m CABLE (135-0A-106)
31
BOATSPEED -VE
BLUE
32
BOATSPEED +VE
RED
SCREEN NOT CONNECTED
33
GROUND
SEA TEMP. SENSOR
NO CONNECTION
9m CABLE ATTACHED
34
SEA TEMP. SUPPLY
RED
35
SEA TEMP. INPUT
GREEN
BLUE NOT CONNECTED
HB-0845-06
127
h2000 User Manual
Connect
YELLOW
wires
together
Black
Shield
Blue
Blue
Black
Shield
Shield
Blue
Black
Shield
Blue
Black
Shield
Blue
Black
Blue
Black
Shield
Black
Green
Green
Red
Black
Green
Red/White
Black
Red/White
Black
Green
Red/White
Black
Green
Red
Black
Green
Red/White
Change Over Switch Wiring Details
Cut back YELLOW
and WHITE wires.
Temperature
output unused.
To processor unit.
Use part of paddle cable
Paddlewheel Sensor
SEN-SPEED-H
To processor unit.
Cable 135-0A-106
Depth Transducer
SEN-DEPTH-H
Sea temperature can only be used
from one of the twin paddlewheel units.
128
HB-0845-06
213 Masthead Unit Installation
Main Processor
43 44
45 46
47 48
213 Masthead Unit
213-00-002
Terminal
43
44
45
46
47
48
HB-0845-06
Function
Wire Colour
MHU Supply
Wind Speed Input
MHU Ground
Wind Angle Blue
Wind Angle Green
Wind Angle Red
Orange
Violet
Black
Blue
Green
Red
129
h2000 User Manual
130
HB-0845-06
MULTIPLE LINEAR SENSOR INPUTS
INSTALLATION SHEET
20
21 22 23 24
25 26 27
41
38
MAIN PROCESSOR
TERMINALS
Barometric Pressure Sensor
690-00-007
Air Temp. Sensor
224-00-060
Clinometers
690-00-004
SatNav output
Heel
Trim
Linear 4
(spare)
Bn
B
R
B
G
R
B
G
R
B
G
R
B
G
Blk
B
R
B
O
R
B
G
R
B
Y
R
B
V
18 Way Junction box
386-00-023
7-core cable
Notes
1. Inter-connect all sensor supply (Red wires) and sensor ground (blue wires) in the junction box. For
clarity, these connections have been omitted from this diagram.
2. Rotary Mast Sensor (RRF-ACP) connections: Red=21; Blue=22, Green=27
Terminal
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
38
41
HB-0845-06
Function
SatNav ouput
Sensor ground
Sensor Supply 6.5V DC
Air temp. input
Heel sensor input
Trim sensor input
Baro. sensor input
Lin. 4 sensor (spare)
Baro./Compass ground
Baro./Compass supply
Wire Colour
Black
Blue
Red
Yellow
Orange
Green
Green
Violet
Blue
Red
(Blk)
(B)
(R)
(Y)
(O)
(G)
(V)
Cable
Use 7-core
from processor
to junction box
Sensors have
cable attached
131
h2000 User Manual
CLINOMETER AND BAROMETRIC PRESSURE
SENSOR INSTALLATION SHEET
20
21 22 23 24
25 26 27
38
41
MAIN PROCESSOR
TERMINALS
BAROMETRIC
PRESSURE
SENSOR
690-00-007
CLINOMETER
(HEEL)
690-00-004
TERMINAL
FUNCTION
CLINOMETER SENSOR
CABLE & WIRE COLOUR
CABLE ATTACHED
21
GROUND
BLUE
22
23
SENSOR SUPPLY 6.5V DC
AIR TEMP. INPUT
RED
24
LINEAR 1 INPUT (HEEL)
GREEN
25
LINEAR 2 INPUT (TRIM)
PRESSURE SENSOR
CABLE ATTACHED
GREEN
26
LINEAR 3 INPUT (BARO)
27
LINEAR 4 INPUT (SPARE)
38
BARO. SENSOR GROUND
BLUE
41
BARO. SENSOR SUPPLY
RED
CLINOMETER INSTALLATION
Ensure the boat is level and steady, a sheltered berth is
required for best results.
For HEEL angle sensor select a transverse vertical bulkhead.
For TRIM angle sensor select a longitudinal vertical bulkhead.
For correct indication of port or starboard heel angle,
mount the unit so that the top surface is horizontal and
level, with the lid of the unit (labelled) facing aft.
Heel angle calibration should be carried out to ensure
accuracy. Refer to Manual, Section 4.
BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SENSOR INSTALLATION
Mount the unit on a suitable vertical bulkhead, in a dry
location, protected from the direct influences of the
elements ie. rain, salt spray and extremes of temperature.
Do not mount the sensor in a sealed compartment.
132
HB-0845-06
Main Processor NMEA Input
40
42
Main Processor
Terminals
NMEA Data
Input
NMEA signal flow:
Terminal
40
42
HB-0845-06
Function
NMEA Input +
NMEA Input -
133
h2000 User Manual
8-Button NMEA FFD Installation
Shield
Blue (-)
NMEA
Output
Red (+)
Blue (-)
Red (+)
NMEA
Input
NMEA signal flow
Junction Box
386-00-023
Fastnet Cable
135-0A-130
NMEA FFD Cable
Function
Network Data -ve
Network Data +ve
Network Cable Shield
Ground
Supply +ve
NMEA Input (+)
NMEA Input (-)
NMEA Output (+)
NMEA Output v2.xx (-)
Fastnet Cable
135-0A-130
FFD
Cable
Green
White
Shield
Black
Red
Brown
Blue
Violet
Yellow
NMEA
Input
NMEA Output
(v1.5)
NMEA Output
(v2.x)
Shield
Blue
Shield
Red
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
INSTALLATION NOTES
• An NMEA FFD can be connected at any point on the system network. Typically an NMEA FFD is
mounted close to the NMEA device, e.g. at the chart table next to the GPS, thus minimising the NMEA
cable routes.
• NMEA FFDs can be used in combination with all other display types, i.e. standard FFDs, Halcyon
displays, 20/20 and Pilot displays.
• To prevent water intrusion into the display, do not cut the cable shorter than marked by the yellow band.
If it is necessary to cut cables, then the wires MUST be tinned with a soldering iron to ensure a proper
seal around the wires.
SCREENED CABLES
• Shielded NMEA cables are supplied to provide protection against unwanted emissions (EMC) and must
be connected in accordance with these instructions.
• NMEA cable shields must be connected at the TRANSMITTING end.
• The NMEA output cable shield should be connected to the other cable shields in the junction box
supplied.
NETWORK TERMINATION
• If the NMEA FFD is the last unit on the system network a network terminator MUST be fitted across the
network data wires, i.e. between the green and white wires. Only two network terminators are required
per system.
134
HB-0845-06
2000 PERFORMANCE PROCESSOR INSTALLATION SHEET
HERCULES 2000 PERFORMANCE UNIT
7
8
9
10
11
14
15
16
17
18
21
22
23
24
25
26
44
27
135-0A-160
External lighting control
Network
Terminator
Position fixer using
NMEA 0183 interface
RD CD
To Processor Unit
Network Continuation
NOTES: 1. A Network Terminator 239-10-056 must be installed across
the Green and White wires of the last Unit or Network junction
box.
2. Any compatible NMEA Position Fixer may be connected.
Terminal
Function
Wire Colour
7
RS232 CTS
Green
8
RS232 RTS
Violet
9
RS232 Rx
Red
10
RS232 Tx
Blue
11
RS232 Ground
Black
14
Network data -
Green
15
Network data +
White
16
No Connection
No Connection
17
Supply ground
Black
18
Supply +ve (12V nom.)
135-0A-130
4 cores/screen
Red
NMEA 1
HB-0845-06
Cable
135-0A-133
25 way D - Type
Socket Fitted
or
135-0A-160
9 way D- Type
NMEA 2
21
NMEA ground
Blue
22
NMEA output 1
Red
23
NMEA output 2
Red
24
NMEA input 2 return
Blue
25
NMEA input 2 signal
26
NMEA input 1 return
Blue
27
NMEA input 1 signal
Red
44
Lighting control input
Red
Blue
Red
Use
135-0B-098
2 cores/screen
for each pair
of NMEA signals
4 cables total
135
h2000 User Manual
Halcyon Gyro Processor With Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass
Notes
1. All screened wires must have their screen attached to the clamp bar across the front case.
2. The Halcyon Gyro Stabilised Compass (HGSC) has a separate supply and does not take power
from the Network Bus. The HGSC sensor supply must be taken from a source rated at 2A.
Terminal
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
13
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
136
Function
Network Data (-)
Network Data (+)
Supply Ground
Supply +ve (12V nom.)
AD10 Clock Low (-)
AD10 Clock High (+)
AD10 Data Low (-)
AD10 Data High (+)
Ground
NMEA Out - (V2.0)
NMEA Out +(V1.5 & 2.0)
Ground
NMEA In +
NMEA In HGSC Power in +
HGSC Power in HGSC Supply HGSC Supply +
HGSC Data in +
HGSC Data in HGSC Data out +
HGSC Data out -
Wire Colour
Green
White
Black
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
Black
Red
White
Yellow
Green
Blue
Cable
135-0A-130
4 cores/screen
135-0A-098
2 cores/screen
135-0A-098
2 cores/screen
135-0A-098
2 cores/screen
BGH063001
HB-0845-06
Halcyon Gyro Processor With NMEA Gyro Input
Note
1. All screened wires must have their screen attached to the clamp bar across the front case.
Terminal
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
13
11
12
13
14
15
HB-0845-06
Function
Network Data (-)
Network Data (+)
Supply Ground
Supply +ve (12V nom.)
AD10 Clock Low (-)
AD10 Clock High (+)
AD10 Data Low (-)
AD10 Data High (+)
Ground
NMEA Out - (V2.0)
NMEA Out +(V1.5 & 2.0)
Ground
NMEA In +
NMEA In -
Wire Colour
Green
White
Black
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
Cable
135-0A-130
4 cores/screen
135-0A-098
2 cores/screen
135-0A-098
2 cores/screen
137
h2000 User Manual
Halcyon Gyro Processor as Output Interface
Notes
1. All screened wires must have their screen attached to the clamp bar across the front case.
2. Heading source must be either a Halcyon 2000 or B&G autopilot.
Terminal
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
13
11
12
13
138
Function
Network Data Network Data +
Supply Ground
Supply +ve (12V nom.)
AD10 Clock Low (-)
AD10 Clock High (+)
AD10 Data Low (-)
AD10 Data High (+)
Ground
NMEA Out - (V2.0)
NMEA Out +(V1.5 & 2.0)
Ground
Wire Colour
Green
White
Black
Red
Blue
Red
Blue
Cable
135-0A-130
4 cores/screen
135-0A-098
2 cores/screen
HB-0845-06
CHAPTER 5: OPTIONS
5.1
SYSTEM EXPANSION
The h2000 System may be expanded to provide a wider
range of facilities and features by the addition of further
displays, sensors, and interfaces. These Options are
described in the following Paragraphs 5.2 - SENSORS.
Further sensors can be added to improve the accuracy of the
data already available and to supply new information.
5.2
SENSORS
5.2.1
Heel Angle Sensor
The addition of heel to the system provides display of Heel
Angle and increases the accuracy of the following functions:
Apparent Wind Angle
Apparent Wind Speed
True Wind Angle
True Wind Speed
True Wind Direction
Course
Dead Reckoning
Tidal Set and Drift
5.2.2
Mast Rotation Sensor
This is essential if your mast rotates, otherwise the wind
data will become inaccurate as the mast rotates away from
the centreline. The addition of this unit gives two new
functions, the Wind Angle to the Mast (W/A MAST) and
Mast Angle (MAST ANG).
HB-0845-06
139
h2000 User Manual
5.2.3
Trim Angle Sensor
Provides display of Trim Angle and increases the accuracy
of the following functions:
Apparent Wind Angle
Apparent Wind Speed
True Wind Angle
True Wind Speed
True Wind Direction
5.2.4
Barometric Pressure Sensor
Measures the atmospheric pressure, allowing the Main
Processor to record atmospheric pressure changes over
varying periods of time.
5.2.5
Rudder Angle Sensor
The addition of a Rudder Angle can be very useful,
indicating how the boat is balanced.
5.2.6
Sea Temperature Sensor
Measures the seawater temperature.
5.2.7
Air Temperature Sensor
Measures the air temperature.
5.2.8
Load Cells
Up to 12 B&G loadcells can be added to the h2000 system
via the Fastnet databus (refer to the B&G Loadcell
Installation/Calibration Manual). If desired, loadcells may
be connected as non-networked devices and wired directly
to the linear inputs of the h2000 Main Processor. These
loadcells should provide a linear output voltage in the range
of 0 to 6.5 volts.
140
HB-0845-06
5.2.9
Sensor Input Configuration
Additional sensors can be added to the system connecting to
one of the four linear inputs on the main processor. Linear
channels 5 to 16 are available with the addition of an
Expansion Processor. These can be configured to take
different sensors. If you connect the sensor to the linear
input that B&G have anticipated then you need take no
action beyond the connection itself, since the default linear
input configuration will be the right one. The default
settings for the four inputs are as follows:
Linear 1 = Heel Angle (4)
Linear 2 = Trim Angle (5)
Linear 3 = Barometric Pressure (6)
Linear 4 = 0 to 1000 format (1)
Should you wish to connect one of the other sensors, then
you will have to reconfigure the input linear channel that
you are connecting it to. This is done by following the menu
path:
MISC → LINEAR X, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1
The number you enter to CAL VAL1 should correspond to
the sensor you are connecting as follows:
HB-0845-06
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
=
=
=
=
=
=
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
Normal Linear output to 2 decimal places
Normal Linear output to 1 decimal place
Normal Linear output 0-1000
Normal Linear output 0-1000
Normal Linear output 0-1000
Rotating Mast Correction (output Mast Angle
and Wind Angle to Mast)
Heel Angle
Trim Angle
Barometric Pressure and Pressure Trend
Rudder Angle
141
h2000 User Manual
Note
Do not select the same number on more than one linear
input, otherwise the selection will be ignored (no function
can be connected to more than one input except the Normal
Linear input which is not limited).
5.3
DISPLAYS
Further displays and controllers can be added to the system.
These include additional FFDs, the RemoteVision, the
20/20 or 40/40 Display (see Para 5.4 and 5.5), the Halcyon
Display, and all the different types of analogue indicators.
5.3.1
Halcyon Display
The Halcyon display is a digital display dedicated to
compass heading. It incorporates a graphic analogue
indicator which shows clearly whether you are higher or
lower than the set heading. This can be used in two ways:
a.
As an off course indicator which many people
find easier to steer to than either a conventional
card compass or numerical display.
b.
As a tactical race compass - showing whether you
are headed or lifted.
You can fit as many of these displays as you require.
Two analogue indicators are available specifically for these
functions (Off Course and Trend), see below.
5.3.2
Analogue Indicators
Up to four analogue indicators can be added to the basic
system. If more are required then an Expansion Unit can be
used allowing another four analogue indicators onto the
system. The four indicators can be selected from the
following list:
142
HB-0845-06
Boatspeed
Windspeed
Magnified Wind Angle
Cross Track Error
Rudder
Off Course*
Depth
Apparent Wind Angle
Compass Heading
Trend*
Heel
True Wind Angle
Note
• Items marked with * are only available with the Halcyon
Display.
5.3.3
Analogue Indicator Configuration
If meters other than the defaults are chosen then it is
necessary to reconfigure the meter drive outputs from the
Computer Unit. This is done from any FFD as follows:
HB-0845-06
1.
Power up the system with the Enter Key pressed,
DIAGNOST appears.
2.
Press Scroll Up, CNFG SYS appears, press Enter
to select this option, now press Enter again to
select the METERS option.
3.
With OPTIONS flashing, press Enter, METER 1
appears, the Scroll Up Key is now used to scroll
through the meter drives (Refer to the installation
sheet to determine the meter options and their
respective meter drives).
4.
With the appropriate meter drive flashing in the
top display, press Enter to reveal the current
option assigned to that meter. Pressing Scroll Up
at this stage, and then Enter again, will reveal the
METER 2 option. Repeating this process will
reveal the METER 3 and METER 4 options as
required.
5.
With the meter number and option on display,
press Enter, the lower text will flash. Use Scroll
Down to scroll through the options until the
appropriate one (e.g. DEPTH) is shown. Pressing
143
h2000 User Manual
Enter will select that option, and the meter drive
will be configured to drive a DEPTH meter.
6.
Press Page to return to normal operation.
Note
It is possible to configure more than one meter drive to the
same meter option (e.g. BOAT SPD on METER 1 and
METER 2).
5.3.4
Meter Scaling
Meter scaling can also be varied for boat speed and wind
speed. For example, if a 25 knot full scale Boatspeed Meter
is required, this can be done as follows:
144
1.
Follow steps (1) and (2) as detailed in Para 5.3.3.
2.
With OPTIONS flashing, press Scroll Up to
reveal SCALING, press Enter, BOAT SPD will
appear. A further press of Enter will reveal the
current maximum meter scale value for the
Boatspeed Meter.
3.
To change this (e.g. to 25 knots) press Enter and
then Scroll Up to increase the number to 25.0. A
final press of Enter will then enter the new
maximum scale. The Boatspeed Meter will read
between 0 and 25 knots.
4.
Press Page to return to normal operation.
HB-0845-06
5.4
REMOTEVISION
5.4.1
The Display
Figure 15 - RemoteVision Display
RemoteVision is a lightweight, palm-sized unit that is
linked into the h2000 Fastnet databus through a small
wireless port and secure wireless connection. Each unit is
paired to the wireless port on your boat through a unique
PIN number, ensuring total security and control within the
boat’s own system.
RemoteVision is the “must have” tool for any sailor,
whether single-handed, with crew, racing or cruising. It
offers you full wireless access to the h2000 instrument and
pilot systems and enables you to do everything you can with
a regular Full Function or Pilot display, and more.
Full operating information can be found in the
RemoteVision user manual. This can be downloaded in PDF
format from the following weblink: www.BandG.com.
HB-0845-06
145
h2000 User Manual
5.5
20/20 DISPLAY
5.5.1
The Display
The 20/20 is a fully programmable, single function, large
digit, display which may be installed anywhere in the yacht.
Figure 16 - 20/20 Display
5.5.2
Display Configuration
The 20/20 may be configured to display any function
available on your h2000 System. It is however provided
with 14 pre-set functions which may be selected by use of a
Remote Button connected to the display or via any FFD on
the system.
The pre-set functions are as follows:
Boatspeed
Depth ft
Apparent wind Angle
True Wind Angle
Compass heading
Bearing to Waypoint*
Speed Over Ground*
146
Depth m
Apparent Wind Speed
True Wind Speed
Velocity Made Good
Timer Count Up/Down
Course Over Ground*
True Wind Direction
HB-0845-06
Note
• Functions marked with an * are NMEA Functions and
are available only when a suitable Position Fixer is
interfaced with the system.
5.5.3
Function Selection - Remote Pushbutton
If a Remote Button is connected to a 20/20 Display any one
of the 14 pre-set functions may be selected by pressing and
holding down the associated Button. The Display will then
cycle through the functions. When the required function is
displayed, release the Button.
If the Button is held down too long and the required
function is missed, press and hold down the Button again.
The Display will then cycle though the functions in reverse
order. When the required function is displayed, release the
Button.
5.5.4
Function Selection - FFD
An alternative to using a dedicated Remote Pushbutton, is to
control the 20/20 using any one of the standard FFDs on the
system. Any 20/20 can be controlled from any FFD.
To change the function displayed on a 20/20 using a
standard FFD, proceed as follows:
HB-0845-06
1.
At the FFD, press and hold down the Page Key
for approximately 3 seconds. The FFD display
will change to show the function displayed on the
20/20 together with the display number. The
selected 20/20 display will start to flash.
2.
(2) Using the Scroll Down Key cycle through
the 20/20 numbers and select the required Display
Number, the selected 20/20 will flash.
3.
Using the Scroll Up Key cycle through the 14
pre-set functions until the required function is
displayed on the FFD. Release the Scroll Up Key.
147
h2000 User Manual
5.5.5
4.
If the function is missed, press and hold down the
Scroll Up Key and the functions will cycle
through in reverse order. Release the Scroll Up
Key when the required function is displayed.
5.
Press the Page Key. The FFD will now return to
normal operation and the 20/20 will display the
selected function.
Re-configuring 20/20 Display
In addition to the 14 pre-set functions, any one of the 20/20
Displays may be re-configured to show any other function
available to the system. This feature allows any 20/20 to be
set-up to show the information most useful to the user at
that station in the yacht.
The procedure for re-configuring a 20/20 function is as
follows:
148
1.
At the FFD, press and hold down the Page Key
for at least 3 seconds. The FFD will change to
show the function displayed on the 20/20 together
with the display number.
2.
Using the Scroll Down Key, cycle through the
20/20 numbers and select the one required.
3.
Using the Scroll Up Key select the function you
wish to change.
4.
Press the Enter Key and the function currently
being displayed on the 20/20 will commence to
flash.
5.
Press and hold down the Scroll Up Key and cycle
through the normal FFD Menu until the required
function choice is displayed (e.g. NAVIGATE).
6.
Press and hold down the Scroll Down Key until
the required operational choice is displayed (e.g.
COURSE).
7.
Press the Enter Key to accept the selection.
HB-0845-06
8.
HB-0845-06
Press the Page Key and the FFD will return to
normal operation and the 20/20 displays the newly
configured page.
149
h2000 User Manual
5.6
40/40 DISPLAY
5.6.1
The Display
The 40/40 is a fully programmable, single function, large
digit, display which may be installed anywhere in the yacht.
Figure 17 - 40/40 Display
5.6.2
Display Configuration
The 40/40 may be configured to repeat any function (except
latitude/longitude) available on your h2000 System. It is
however provided with 14 pre-set functions that may be
selected by use of a remote push-button connected to the
display or via any FFD on the system.
The pre-set functions are as follows:
Boat Speed
Depth ft
Apparent wind Angle
True Wind Angle
Compass heading
150
Depth m
Apparent Wind Speed
True Wind Speed
Velocity Made Good
Timer Count Up/Down
HB-0845-06
Bearing to Waypoint*
Speed Over Ground*
Course Over Ground*
True Wind Direction
Note
• Functions marked with an * are NMEA Functions and
are available only when a suitable Position Fixer is
interfaced with the system.
5.6.3
Function Selection - Remote Push-Button
If a remote push-button is connected to a 40/40 display any
one of the 14 pre-set functions may be selected by pressing
and holding down the associated button. The display will
then cycle through the functions. When the required
function is displayed, release the button.
If the button is held down too long and the required function
is missed, press and hold down the button again. The
display will then cycle through the functions in reverse
order. When the required function is displayed, release the
button.
5.6.4
Function Selection - FFD
An alternative to using a dedicated remote push-button, is to
control the 40/40 using any one of the standard FFDs on the
system. Any 40/40 can be controlled from any FFD.
To change the function shown on a 40/40 using an FFD,
proceed as follows:
HB-0845-06
1.
At the FFD, press and hold down the Page Key
for at least 3 seconds. The FFD display will
change to show the function displayed on the
40/40 together with the display number. The
selected display will start to flash.
2.
Using the Scroll Down Key cycle through the
40/40 numbers and select the required display
number.
151
h2000 User Manual
5.6.5
3.
Using the Scroll Up Key cycle through the 14
pre-set functions until the required function is
displayed on the FFD. Release the Scroll Up Key.
4.
If the function is missed, press and hold down the
Scroll Up Key and the functions will cycle
through in reverse order. Release the Scroll Up
Key when the required function is displayed.
5.
Press the Page Key. The FFD will now return to
normal operation and the 40/40 will display the
selected function.
Re-configuring the 40/40 Display
In addition to the 14 pre-set functions, any 40/40 pre-set
function may be re-configured to show any other function
available to the system. This feature allows any 40/40 to be
set-up to show the information most useful to the user at
that station in the yacht.
The procedure for re-configuring a 40/40 function is as
follows:
152
1.
At the FFD, press and hold down the Page Key
for at least 3 seconds. The FFD will change to
show the function displayed on the 40/40 together
with the display number.
2.
Using the Scroll Down Key, cycle through each
40/40 display in turn (display flashes) and stop at
your desired choice.
3.
Using the Scroll Up Key select the function you
wish to change.
4.
Press the Enter Key and the function currently
being displayed on the 40/40 will start to flash.
5.
Press and hold the Scroll Up Key and cycle
through the normal FFD Menu until the required
function choice is displayed (e.g. NAVIGATE).
HB-0845-06
5.7
6.
Press and hold the Scroll Down Key until the
required operational choice is displayed (e.g.
COURSE).
7.
Press the Enter Key to accept the selection.
8.
Press the Page Key and the FFD will resume
normal operation and the 40/40 displays the newly
configured page.
GRAVITY SWITCH
In installations where two speed sensors or depth
transducers are fitted a gravity change over switch can be
fitted to automatically select the leeward sensor. A switch
on the outside of the unit over rides the automatic selection
if required, for example when calibrating the individual
speed sensors.
On a Hercules system it is not necessary to use a gravity
switch for a second speed sensor as two sensor inputs are
available using the Pulse 2 function.
5.8
AUDIBLE ALARM
The main processor contains a relay switch for an external
audible alarm.
Note
• The current drive capacity of any alarm connected to the
system must not exceed 0.5 Amps.
5.9
NMEA INTERFACE
Several methods are available for interfacing NMEA data to
the h2000 system:
The Main Processor has a NMEA input which can
accept data from GPS, Heading and/or Depth sources.
HB-0845-06
153
h2000 User Manual
A NMEA Full Function Display (FFD) can be used to
interface NMEA 0183 data to an h2000 system.
The Performance Processor can also be used as an
interface for NMEA 0183 data to the h2000 System.
The Performance Processor has two NMEA inputs
and outputs, (one of which is disabled if the RS232C
interface is required).
In the case of multiple NMEA inputs and outputs it should
not be assumed that data input to one device will be
available for output from any other device. For example,
inputting Latitude and Longitude to the NMEA FFD will
not ensure that it is output from the performance unit.
Note
• If the Performance Processor is installed on the system it
should be used as the primary NMEA input device.
154
HB-0845-06
5.9.1
Displaying NMEA Functions
Depending on the device connected to the NMEA interface the
following functions may be displayed by the Hercules System:
Bearing to waypoint, true, rhumb.
Bearing to waypoint, magnetic, rhumb.
Bearing to waypoint, true, great circle.
Bearing to waypoint, mag., great circle.
Bearing from waypoint to waypoint, true.
Bearing from waypoint to waypoint, mag.
Distance to waypoint, rhumb line, Nm.
Distance to waypoint, great circle, Nm.
Distance to layline, Nm.
Course over ground, true.
Course over ground, magnetic.
Speed over ground in knots.
Velocity made good to waypoint in knots.
Time to waypoint.
Time to Layline
Cross track error Nautical miles.
Local time.
Universal Coordinated Time
(BTW RMB T)
(BTW RMB M)
(BTW GC T)
(BTW GC M)
(BRG W/W T)
(BRG W/W M)
(DTW RMB NM)
(DTW GC NM)
(LAYLINE NM)
(CRSE O/G T)
(CRSE O/G M)
(SPD O/G KT)
(VMG WPT KT)
(TTG WPT MS)
(TTG L/L MS)
(CROSS TR NM)
(LOC TIME MS)
(UTC TIME MS)
In addition there are also a number of functions that can be input
through the NMEA interface that duplicate other h2000
functions. Details of all the input functions are given in
Paragraphs 5.10 – 5.13.
The NMEA functions may be called up to display in the same
manner as any h2000 function, see Chapter 2 - Operating
Information. Most of the NMEA functions are to be found in the
WAYPOINT Menu, but the time functions (LOC TIME and
UTC TIME) are in the TIME Menu. Only those functions that
are received by the h2000 System will appear in the display
menu and it may be necessary to wait a while after the NMEA
device has been switched on before the menu is complete. If no
data is received for a selected function after 15 seconds then the
display will show OFF.
HB-0845-06
155
h2000 User Manual
5.9.2
Selection of Equipment
When planning the purchasing of equipment to interface to
the h2000 System, it is most important to check that it is
NMEA 0183 compatible and the required data is transmitted
or received by it.
The 0183 standard defines data sentences which are
identified by three letter mnemonics. Paragraphs 5.10 – 5.13
list the sentences and their mnemonics that are input and
output by the h2000 NMEA interface.
Note
• If you have any doubt about your equipment
compatibility then please consult your dealer.
156
HB-0845-06
5.10
Main Processor NMEA Interfacing
5.10.1 Main Processor NMEA Input Summary
Mnemonic
APB
BOD
BWC
BWR
BWW
DBT
DPT
GGA
GLL
HDG
HDM
HDT
HSC
RMB
RMC
VHW
VTG
WCV
XTE
XTR
ZDA
ZDL
ZTG
HB-0845-06
Description
Autopilot format B
Bearing to destination Waypoint from origin Waypoint.
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Great Circle,
measured.
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Rhumb, measured.
Bearing to Waypoint from Waypoint.
Depth below transducer.
Depth
Global Positioning System Fix data
Latitude and Longitude.
Heading, Deviation and Variation
Present Heading, Magnetic
Heading, True
Heading Steering Command
Recommended minimum implementation sentence,
Generic navigation information.
Recommended minimum implementation sentence, GPS,
Transit specific.
Heading only
Actual Track and Ground Speed.
Waypoint Closure Velocity.
Cross Track Error, Measured.
Cross Track Error, Dead Reckoned
Time and Date
Time and Distance to Variable Point
UTC and Time to Destination Waypoint
157
h2000 User Manual
5.10.2 Main Processor Proprietary NMEA Input
Summary
Mnemonic
$PBGTTBS
$PBGTLAY
Description
Polar Speed knots
Distance to Layline (Nm)
Time to Layline (hhmmss)
$PBGTVMG VMG upwind (polar)
Upwind heading for best VMG (polar)
Downwind heading for best VMG (polar)
$PBGTSTR Distance to Start Line (metres)
Time to Start Line (hhmmss)
158
HB-0845-06
5.10.3 Main Processor NMEA Input Prioritisation
The following table shows the order in which the h2000 Main Processor
prioritises incoming NMEA data.
Function
Bearing to Waypoint RMB
Bearing to Waypoint GC ºM
Bearing to Waypoint GC ºT
Bearing Waypoint - Waypoint
COG ºM
COG ºT
Cross Track Error
CTS
Depth
Distance to Layline
Distance to Waypoint RMB
Distance to Waypoint GC
Heading ºM
Heading ºT
Latitude/Longitude
Layline Distance
Magnetic Variation
Speed Over Ground
Time (UTC)
Time (Local)
Time to Layline
Time to Waypoint
VMG Waypoint
HB-0845-06
Main Processor
BWR
BWC, APB
RMB, BWC, APB
BOD, BWW
VTG
RMC, VTG
RMB, XTE, XTR
APB, HSC
B&G, DBT, DPT
ZDL
BWR
RMB, BWC
B&G, HDG, HDM, VHW
B&G, HDG, HDT, VHW
RMC, GLL, GGA
ZDL
RMC
RMC, VTG
RMC, ZDA, ZTG
ZDA
ZDL
ZTG
RMB, WCV
159
h2000 User Manual
5.11
NMEA FFD Interfacing
5.11.1 NMEA FFD Input Summary
Mnemonic
APB
BOD
BWC
BWR
BWW
DBT
GGA
GLL
HDG
HDM
HDT
HSC
HVD
HVM
MTA
MTW
MWD
MWV
RMB
RMC
VHW
VLW
VMG
VPW
VTG
VWR
VWT
WCV
160
Description
Autopilot format B
Bearing to destination Waypoint from origin Waypoint.
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Great Circle,
measured.
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Rhumb, measured.
Bearing to Waypoint from Waypoint.
Depth below transducer.
Global Positioning System Fix data
Latitude and Longitude.
Heading, Deviation and Variation
Present Heading, Magnetic
Heading, True
Heading Steering Command
Magnetic Variation – Derived
Magnetic Variation Manually Set
Air Temperature, Celsius
Water Temperature, Celsius
Surface Wind Direction and Velocity
Wind Speed and Angle
Recommended minimum implementation sentence,
Generic navigation information.
Recommended minimum implementation sentence, GPS,
Transit specific.
Heading and Water Speed
Log mileage, water referenced
Velocity Made Good
Velocity Parallel to True Wind, Device Measured
Actual Track and Ground Speed.
Wind Relative Bearing and Velocity
Wind True Bearing and Velocity
Waypoint Closure Velocity.
HB-0845-06
WDC
WDR
XTE
Next Waypoint Distance, Great Circle.
Next Waypoint Distance, Rhumb.
Cross Track Error, Measured.
XTR
Cross Track Error, Dead Reckoned.
ZDA
ZDL*
ZLZ
ZTG
Time and Date
Time and Distance to Layline.
Local Time Zone.
Time to Waypoint.
*Non-standard NMEA sentence.
Note
• The h2000 system will not necessarily extract data from
every NMEA field. This avoids the same information
being repeated twice on the system.
5.11.2 NMEA FFD Proprietary Input Summary
Mnemonic
$PBGTTBS
$PBGTLAY
Description
Polar Speed knots
Distance to Layline (Nm)
Time to Layline (hhmmss)
$PBGTVMG VMG upwind (polar)
Upwind heading for best VMG (polar)
Downwind heading for best VMG (polar)
$PBGTSTR Distance to Start Line (metres)
Time to Start Line (hhmmss)
HB-0845-06
161
h2000 User Manual
5.11.3 - NMEA FFD Output Summary
Mnemonic
DBT
GLL
HDM
HSC
HDT
MTA
MTW
MWD
MWV
VHW
VLW
VPW
VTG
VWR
VWT
XTE
162
Description
Depth Below Transducer
Latitude and Longitude
Present Heading, Magnetic
Heading Steering Command
Heading, True
Air Temperature, Celsius
Water Temperature, Celsius
Surface Wind Direction and Velocity
Wind Speed and Angle
Heading and Water Speed
Log Mileage, Water Referenced
Velocity Parallel to True Wind, Device Measured
Actual Track and Ground Speed
Wind Relative Bearing and Velocity
Wind True Bearing and Velocity
Cross Track Error, Measured
HB-0845-06
5.12
Performance Processor NMEA Interfacing
5.12.1 Performance Processor Input Summary
Mnemonic
APA
APB
BEC
BER
BOD
BWC
BWR
BWW
DBT
GGA
GLL
GLP
HDG
HDM
HDT
HVD
HVM
MTA
MTW
MWD
MWV
RMA
RMB
RMC
VHW
HB-0845-06
Description
Autopilot format A
Autopilot format B
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Great Circle, Dead
Reckoned
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Rhumb Line, Dead
Reckoned
Bearing to destination Waypoint from origin Waypoint.
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Great Circle,
measured.
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint, Rhumb, measured.
Bearing to Waypoint from Waypoint.
Depth below transducer.
Global Positioning System Fix data
Latitude and Longitude.
Loran C Present Fix
Heading, Deviation and Variation
Present Heading, Magnetic
Heading, True
Magnetic Variation – Derived
Magnetic Variation Manually Set
Air Temperature, Celsius
Water Temperature, Celsius
Surface Wind Direction and Velocity
Wind Speed and Angle
Recommended minimum implementation sentence,
Loran-C specific.
Recommended minimum implementation sentence,
Generic navigation information.
Recommended minimum implementation sentence, GPS,
Transit specific.
Heading and Water Speed
163
h2000 User Manual
VLW
VPW
VTG
VWR
VWT
WBD*
WCV
WDC
WDR
XTE
XTR
ZDA
ZDL*
ZLZ
ZTG
Log mileage, water referenced
Velocity Parallel to True Wind, Device Measured
Actual Track and Ground Speed.
Wind Relative Bearing and Velocity
Wind True Bearing and Velocity
Bearing and Distance to Waypoint
Waypoint Closure Velocity.
Next Waypoint Distance, Great Circle.
Next Waypoint Distance, Rhumb.
Cross Track Error, Measured.
Cross Track Error, Dead Reckoned.
Time and Date
Time and Distance to Layline.
Local Time Zone.
Time to Waypoint.
*Non-standard NMEA sentence.
5.12.2 Performance Processor Output Summary
Mnemonic
DBT
GLL
HDM
HDT
MTA
MTW
MWD
MWV
VHW
VLW
VPW
VTG
VWR
VWT
XTE
164
Description
Depth Below Transducer
Latitude and Longitude
Present Heading, Magnetic
Heading, True
Air Temperature, Celsius
Water Temperature, Celsius
Surface Wind Direction and Velocity
Wind Speed and Angle
Heading and Water Speed
Log Mileage, Water Referenced
Velocity Parallel to True Wind, Device Measured
Actual Track and Ground Speed
Wind Relative Bearing and Velocity
Wind True Bearing and Velocity
Cross Track Error, Measured
HB-0845-06
5.13
Halcyon Gyro Processor NMEA Interfacing
5.13.1 Halcyon Gyro Processor Input Summary
Mnemonic
DBT
GGA
GLL
HDG
HDM
HDT
HVD
HVM
MTA
MTW
MWD
RMC
VHW
VLW
VPW
VTG
VWR
VWT
XTE
ZDA
Description
Depth Below Transducer
Latitude, Longitude
Latitude, Longitude
Heading Magnetic with variation
Present Heading, Magnetic
Heading True
Magnetic Variation
Magnetic Variation
Air Temperature, Celsius
Water Temperature, Celsius
Surface Wind Direction and Velocity
Latitude, Longitude, Date & Magnetic Variation
Heading and Water Speed
Log Mileage, Water Referenced
Velocity Parallel to True Wind, Device Measured
Time to Waypoint
Wind Relative Bearing and Velocity
Wind True Bearing and Velocity
Measured Cross Track Error
Date
5.13.2 Halcyon Gyro Processor Output Summary
Mnemonic
HDG
HDM
HDT
Description
Heading Magnetic with variation
Heading, Magnetic
Heading, True
Note
• Sentences are only output if data is available.
HB-0845-06
165
h2000 User Manual
5.14 Performance Processor NMEA Input and
Output Configuration
The Performance Processor has two NMEA inputs and two
NMEA outputs. However if the RS232 interface is required
then only one NMEA input and output can be used. The
inputs are optically isolated, as required by the standard, so
there is no direct electrical connection between the talker
device and the Hercules System. The input requirement is
half the minimum drive capacity of a standard NMEA
output.
The two outputs are identical and are capable of driving at
least two NMEA inputs each (four in total). If data is
available then NMEA information is output once a second.
5.14.1 Changing NMEA/RS232 Configuration
Changing the NMEA/RS232 configuration is carried out by
adjusting the calibration on Cross Track Error as follows:
Mode
0
1
4
1.
Select Cross Track Error on the display. If a page
has not already been set up to display cross track
error, then it can be found by cycling through the
options in the WAYPOINT Menu.
2.
Using the Scroll Up and Scroll Down Keys scroll
to "CALBRATE" on the other half of the display.
Press Enter twice to show the current
configuration number (NMEA MDE).
3.
Press Enter, the configuration number flashes.
4.
Use the Scroll Up and Scroll Down Keys to
change the number as follows:
Input 1
183
183
-
Output 1
183
183
183
Input 2
RS232
183
Output 2
RS232
183
183
The default setting is 0 for RS232 capability.
166
HB-0845-06
5.
Press Enter to accept the new configuration.
5.14.2 Fast HDM Output Option
The two NMEA ports may be configured independently to
output HDM sentences ten times a second for the benefit of
other NMEA instruments that may require a rapid heading
update. To set this up, proceed as follows:
1.
Select the MISC Menu and cycle through the
options to find NMEAPORT 1 or NMEAPORT 2
as appropriate.
2.
Using the Scroll Up and Scroll Down keys scroll
to CALBRATE on the other half of the display.
Press Enter twice to show the current HDM
output rate (HDM RATE HZ).
3.
Press Enter, the output rate flashes.
4.
Use the Scroll Up and Scroll Down keys to adjust
the output rate: the only rates that are valid are 1
(for output once a second) and 10 (for output ten
times a second).
5.
Press Enter to accept the new output rate.
When fast HDM output has been selected on a given NMEA
port HDM will be the only sentence output on that port.
5.14.3 True/Magnetic Reference Selection
When an NMEA heading source is used to drive the B&G
network the heading data may be referenced to either true
North or magnetic North. In some cases the heading source
will output both types of data, and it is necessary for the
user to select the desired reference. To do this, proceed as
follows:
HB-0845-06
1.
On the NAVIGATE Menu, select HEADING.
2.
Using the Scroll Up and Scroll Down keys scroll
to CALBRATE on the other half of the display.
167
h2000 User Manual
Press Enter twice to select CAL VAL 1
(TRUE/MAG). The current selection is shown as
0 for magnetic, 1 for true.
3.
Press Enter, the TRUE/MAG selection flashes.
4.
Use the Scroll Up and Scroll Down keys to adjust
the 0/1 selection.
5.
Press Enter to accept the new reference.
If on pressing Enter in step (2) the display shows anything
other than TRUE/MAG it means that there is another
heading source on the network. To eliminate the other
source, go to the COURSE function (also on the
NAVIGATE Menu) and select CAL VAL 1 (HDG NODE).
Ensure that this is set to the node number of the
Performance Unit, and then restart the instrument system.
The unwanted heading source will no longer appear in the
NAVIGATE menu.
When the heading reference is changed the text for the
HEADING function will automatically be set to show °T or
°M as appropriate. A similar change will also be made to
other functions that are heading dependent, namely
COURSE, TWD, REQD CRSE, DR CRSE and TIDE SET.
A similar procedure may be used to select the reference for
CTS (Course To Steer), which is derived from the Headingto-steer to destination waypoint field in the APB sentence.
As with HEADING, the text for CTS is updated
automatically when the reference is changed.
5.14.4 Handling of NMEA Alarm Conditions
Several NMEA sentences contain fields that indicate the
validity of the data. For example, GLL, RMA, RMB and
RMC contain a data valid or navigation receiver warning
flag, and GGA contains a quality indicator.
168
HB-0845-06
When input sentences containing these indicators are
decoded by the Performance Unit the status of the indicators
is checked. If an invalid status is found then all the data in
that sentence is marked as invalid when stored internally.
When output sentences are being constructed the validity of
the data for each field is checked, and if any field is found to
be invalid the invalid indicator is set in the output sentence.
If no valid data has been received for a period of 15 seconds
the corresponding B&G function will display ‘OFF’.
5.14.5 NMEA-based Data on the B&G Network
Data derived from NMEA sources is normally transmitted
on the B&G network once a second. However, in the case of
heading, if the incoming data is being rapidly updated the
network data will be sent at up to four times a second. This
allows improved performance to be obtained from the
h2000 autopilot, if fitted.
5.15
RS232 INTERFACING
The RS232C is an internationally used electrical standard
for communications between computers of all different
makes and sizes. It is widely used in personal computers to
allow the transfer of files and other information between
PC’s or from PC’s to printers. Using the RS232C interface
on the h2000 allows you to send data to an on-board PC
running B&G’s Deckman Software. This can be used, for
example, to update your polar tables.
The RS232C differs from the NMEA standard in that it only
provides the electrical specifications and not the data format
standard. Your external device will have to be programmed
to send and receive the information according to the format
of the B&G data. The remainder of this section is dedicated
to the commands and data sentences understood by the
h2000 with its RS232C port.
HB-0845-06
169
h2000 User Manual
5.15.1 RS232C Input and Output Configuration
The Hercules Performance Unit has two serial input output
channels, one is used just for NMEA and the other can be
configured for NMEA or RS232C.
5.15.2 Changing NMEA/RS232 Configuration
Adjusting two calibration values (CAL VALs) on the Cross
Track Error function changes the NMEA/RS232
configuration. The first of these determines if RS232C can
be used and the second determines the RS232C baud rate
and format.
To configure the Performance Unit for RS232C, NMEA
MDE must be set to 0 (default). NMEA MDE can be found
as follows:
WAYPOINT → CROSS TR, CALBRATE → CAL VAL1 (NMEA MDE)
Full details of the meaning of other values of NMEA MDE
are given in the NMEA interfacing Para 5.14.1
To adjust the RS232C baud rate and format select BAUD
RTE as follows:
WAYPOINT → CROSS TR, CALBRATE → CAL VAL2 (BAUD RTE)
The units digit is the Baud Rate as follows:
1 = 300 Baud
2 = 600 Baud
3 = 1200 Baud
4 = 2400 Baud
5 = 4800 Baud
6 = 9600 Baud
7 = 19200 Baud
The tenths digit controls the format for input as well as
output as given in Table 6. The default setting is 6.2 (9600
Baud, 7 data bits, RTS/CTS). All data has at least 1 stop bit.
170
HB-0845-06
Table 6. RS232 Format
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
INPUT
8 data bits (bit 7 ignored) no parity,
RTS handshake
8 data bits (bit 7 ignored) no parity,
RTS handshake
7 data bits, even parity RTS
handshake
7 data bits, odd parity RTS
handshake
8 data bits (bit 7 ignored) no parity,
RTS handshake
8 data bits (bit 7 ignored) no parity,
RTS handshake
7 data bits, even parity RTS
handshake
7 data bits, odd parity RTS
handshake
OUTPUT
7 data bits, even parity, CTS
Handshake
7 data bits, odd parity, CTS
handshake
7 data bits, even parity, CTS
handshake
7 data bits, odd parity, CTS
handshake
7 data bits, even parity, no
handshake (CTS ignored)
7 data bits, odd parity, no
handshake (CTS ignored)
7 data bits, even parity, no
handshake (CTS ignored)
7 data bits, odd parity, no
handshake (CTS ignored)
5.15.3 Command Syntax
Commands are input as a string of ASCII characters starting
with a # character and a two-character command mnemonic
followed by data fields separated by commas. The command
is terminated and execution initiated by a carriage return
(CR).
A command line may not contain more than 88 characters
including the start # and the terminating carriage return
(CR). Data parameters may be omitted provided that if a
following parameter is needed the separating commas are
included.
For example:
#IR,0,,NO DATA,(CR)
HB-0845-06
171
h2000 User Manual
Would just input the text "NO DATA" to display on remote
0.
Characters received after the terminating (CR) of a
command line and before the # of the next command will be
ignored. This allows comment lines to be inserted between
commands if required.
5.15.4 Channel Numbers
To maintain compatibility with previous Hercules Systems
it has been necessary to allocate the functions that were
available in 290/390 channel numbers (see Tables 7 and 8)
and in the case of NMEA or remote functions have a means
of changing the allocations. This is done by setting CAL
VAL3 for the function to the required channel number or
using the #RC,nn,cc(CR) command.
Table 7. Channel Numbers for 290/390 Functions
Channel
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
172
Function
heel angle
Boatspeed
stored log
heading, true
reset log
heading, magnetic
dead reckoning
battery volts
depth feet
optimum wind angle
apparent windspeed
depth metres
True windspeed
apparent wind angle
True wind angle
true wind direction
reaching performance
Output
Rate Hz
1
4
0.25
2
0.25
2
0.25
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
1
2
1
1
0.5
Format
H0.00 or 0.00H
,0.00 or 20.00
00.00
359
00.00
359
00.00 or 359
12.00
99.9' or 999'
-00 or 00
A 0.0 or A99.9
30.2d or 304d
T 0.0 or T00.0
-179 or 00=179 or 179=
359.
P000
HB-0845-06
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
tacking performance
linear 4
velocity made good
linear 2
target boat speed
Leeway
Course
linear 3
sea temperature
Linear 1
Timer
-
0.5
1
1
1
0.5
1
0.5
1
0.5
1
0.25
1
1
1
1
t000
0 to 1000
U4.63 or D4.63
0 or 1000
t0.00 or 10.00
L 0.0 or L10.0
C000
0 to 1000
-9.9C or 49.9 C
0 to 1000
00.00
-
An output rate of 0.25Hz means one reading every 4
seconds.
HB-0845-06
173
h2000 User Manual
Table 8. Default Channel Numbers for Remote Functions
Channel
(default)
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
174
Function
Format
Remote 0
Remote 1
Remote 2
Remote 3
Remote 4
Remote 5
Remote 6
Remote 7
Remote 8
Remote 9
Bearing to Waypoint Rhumb True
Brg to Waypoint Rhumb Magnetic
Bearing to WPT Great Circle True
Bearing to WPT Great Circle Mag.
Distance to Waypoint Rhumb
Distance to Waypoint Great Circle
Course over ground True
Course over ground Magnetic
Speed over ground
VMG to Waypoint
Time to Waypoint
Cross Track Error
Bearing WPT to WPT True
Bearing WPT to WPT Magnetic
Distance to Layline
Latitude
Longitude
Tide Set
Tide Drift
Next Leg App. Wind Angle
Next Leg App. Wind Speed
x...x
x...x
x...x
x...x
x...x
x...x
x...x
x...x
x...x
x...x
x.xT
x.xM
x.xT
x.xM
x.x
x.x
x.xT
x.xM
x.x
x.x
x.x
x.xL or x.xR
x.xT
x.xM
x.xL or x.xR
x.xN or x.xS
x.xE or x.xW
x.xT or x.xM
dx.x or xx.x
-xxx or xxxx.x
HB-0845-06
5.15.5 Automatic Output Enable/Disable
#OE,nn,s,h(CR)
nn = 00 to 31 channel number
s = 0 for automatic output of channel disabled
s = 1 for automatic output of channel enabled
h = H indicates reference to Hercules channel
h = R indicates reference to NMEA or Remote channel.
The data output rate depends on the channel number, as
shown in Table 7.
5.15.6 Automatic Output Start/Stop
#OS,s(CR)
s = 0 to stop all RS232 automatic output.
s = 1 to start all RS232 automatic output which has been
enabled.
When an automatic start command is executed, all Hercules
and remote channels that have been enabled using the #OE
command will be output regularly.
Data for Hercules functions is output as follows:nn,x...x(CR)
nn = channel number (00 to 31).
x...x = ASCII data.
Data for NMEA or Remote channels is output as follows:rnn,x...x(CR)
nn = Remote channel number (00 to 31).
x...x = ASCII data.
Examples:
HB-0845-06
175
h2000 User Manual
00,19.8H(CR) Heel angle
01, 8.35(CR) Boatspeed
r00,1234(CR)
r01,45.88(CR)
If no data is available for a selected channel the text ‘OFF’
will be substituted.
5.15.7 Input Remote Channel Data and Text
#IR,nn,a...a,c...c,d...d(CR)
nn = Remote channel number (00 to 31). This must be
allocated to the REMOTE 0 - 9 function by adjusting its
CAL VAL3 or using the #RC,nn,cc(CR) command.
EXTERNAL → REMOTE 0, CALBRATE →CAL VAL3(CHAN NO)
or
using the #RC,nn,cc(CR) command.
a...a = Remote channel data which will be output on the
FFD or 20/20CD digits.
c...c = Text to be displayed on the FFD or 20/20CD. Up to
16 characters may be sent but only 10 are used.
d...d = Page Text, ignored (was used in 290 & 390 Systems)
If only data is to be input the command may be terminated with a
(CR) after the data parameter as follows:
#IR,nn,a...a(CR)
Note
• This command has no effect on remote channels
currently assigned to NMEA functions.
5.15.8 Automatic Output of Basic Data
Basic data consists of the values obtained from the boat
speed, wind speed, wind angle and heading sensors without
damping or calibration.
#OB,s(CR)
176
HB-0845-06
s = 0 for automatic output disabled
s = 1 for automatic output enabled at 2Hz
s = 2 for automatic output enabled at 4Hz
Sets or resets automatic output flag for basic raw data.
Automatic output is started using the #OS,1(CR) command.
Basic data is then output every half second as follows:
B,w...w,x...x,y...y,z...z(CR)
www.w = Boatspeed in Hz uncalibrated, 5 characters
xxx.x = Apparent Windspeed in Hz uncalibrated, 5
characters.
yyy.y = Apparent Wind Angle in degrees no offset, 5
characters
zzz.z = Heading in degrees after application of offset, 5
characters
If #OS,2(CR) is used basic data will be output every quarter
of a second.
5.15.9 Immediate Output of Basic Data
#OB(CR)
This command stops all automatic output of other data and
outputs basic data immediately. Data is output using the
same format as automatic output of basic data.
Note
• After automatic data has been stopped by this command
it can be restarted using the #OS,1(CR) command.
5.15.10 Immediate Output of Channel or Remote
Data
#OI,nn,s(CR)
HB-0845-06
177
h2000 User Manual
nn = channel number 00 to 31. For NMEA and Remote 0 to
9 functions channel numbers must be allocated by setting
CAL VAL3 on those functions or using the #RC,nn,cc(CR)
command. Table 7 gives the channel numbers for other
functions.
s = 0 (or H) for Hercules data output
s = 1 (or R) for NMEA or Remote data output
This command stops all other automatic output, and outputs
as follows:
Inn,xxxxx(CR) - Hercules data requested
Rnn,xxxxx(CR) - if remote data requested
nn = channel number
xxxx = data (see Tables 7 and 8 for examples).
Note
If Hercules data is required, s may be omitted and the
command will be:
#OI,nn(CR)
If remote data is required, the command will be:
#OI,nn,1(CR)
Note
After automatic output has been stopped by an output
immediate command it can be re-started using the
#OS,1(CR) command.
Examples
I00,H19.8
I01,21.35
I10,A9.9
I14,179=
Heel angle
Boatspeed
Apparent wind speed
True wind angle
channel 00
channel 01
channel 10
channel 14
5.15.11 Output Latitude and Longitude
#OL(CR)
Stops all other automatic output and outputs the last value
for latitude and longitude received via NMEA as follows:
178
HB-0845-06
L,ddmm.hhh,n,dddmm.hhh,e(CR)


latitude
longitude
dd = degrees
mm = minutes
hhh = hundredths of minutes
n
= n for north or s for south
e
= e for east or w for west
#OL,s(CR)
s = 0 for automatic output of lat. and long. disabled.
s = 1 for automatic output of lat. and long. enabled.
Automatic output must be started using the #OS,1(CR)
command.
5.15.12 Assign Remote Channels
#RC,nn,cc(CR)
nn = 00 to 31 Remote channel number
cc = Item number, see Table 8
5.15.13 Trip Control
#TC,t,l,d(CR)
t
=
=
l
=
=
d
=
=
= 0,-5,-10,-15 to start Timer Countdown
1 to leave Timer running or unfreeze
2 to freeze Timer
= 0 to reset Trip Log to zero
1 to start Trip Log or leave running
2 to freeze Trip Log
= 0 to reset Dead Reckoning to zero
1 to start Dead Reckoning or leave running
2 to freeze Dead Reckoning
#TC(CR)
Stops automatic output and returns the current states as
follows:
S,t,l,d,(CR)
HB-0845-06
179
h2000 User Manual
Table 9. Item Numbers for Remote Functions
Number
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
180
Remote Function
Bearing to Waypoint True Rhumb
Bearing to Waypoint Magnetic Rhumb
Bearing to Waypoint True Great Circle
Bearing to Waypoint Magnetic Great Circle
Distance to Waypoint Rhumb
Distance to Waypoint Great Circle
Course Over Ground True
Course Over Ground Magnetic
Speed Over Ground
VMG to Waypoint
Time to Waypoint
Cross Track Error
Bearing Waypoint to Waypoint, True
Bearing Waypoint to Waypoint, Magnetic
Distance to Layline, Nautical Miles
Latitude
Longitude
Tide Set, Magnetic
Tide Drift
Next leg Apparent Wind Angle
Next leg Apparent Wind Speed
Remote 0
Remote 1
Remote 2
Remote 3
Remote 4
Remote 5
Remote 6
Remote 7
Remote 8
Remote 9
HB-0845-06
Table 10. Polar Table Example
TWS (KNOTS)
TWA
4.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.0
02
20
1.56
2.70
3.57
4.10
4.50
4.80
5.00
5.20
5.50
5.40
03
30
1.87
3.04
4.04
4.88
5.30
5.66
5.95
5.99
6.15
6.20
04
40
2.08
3.29
4.40
5.49
5.99
6.54
6.78
6.87
6.86
6.75
05
50
2.13
3.52
4.67
5.90
6.50
6.95
7.23
7.33
7.35
7.29
06
60
2.19
3.75
4.95
6.09
6.69
7.07
7.36
7.45
7.51
7.50
07
70
2.10
3.83
5.22
6.18
6.79
7.22
7.48
7.58
7.67
7.72
08
80
2.02
3.91
5.40
6.27
6.88
7.30
7.61
7.73
7.89
7.95
09
90
2.00
3.90
5.45
6.31
7.02
7.45
7.74
7.88
8.11
8.18
10
100
1.98
3.85
5.40
6.39
7.10
7.59
7.87
8.03
8.30
8.39
11
110
1.99
3.76
5.26
6.39
7.11
7.65
7.96
8.19
8.40
8.50
12
120
1.97
3.65
5.08
6.30
7.06
7.65
8.00
8.30
8.43
8.53
13
130
1.90
3.50
4.90
6.00
6.87
7.51
7.96
8.21
8.36
8.48
14
140
1.87
3.25
4.60
5.67
6.67
7.38
7.80
8.10
8.28
8.42
15
150
1.84
3.01
4.20
5.23
6.30
7.04
7.56
7.93
8.19
8.37
16
160
1.80
2.80
3.90
4.80
5.80
6.60
7.20
7.70
8.05
8.27
17
170
1.75
2.60
3.65
4.50
5.50
6.31
6.96
7.53
7.93
8.22
18
180
1.70
2.40
3.42
4.30
5.29
6.02
6.83
7.44
7.88
8.17
1.80
2.85
3.79
4.34
4.69
5.00
5.23
5.33
5.37
5.32
40
39
38
37
36
35
34.5
34
34
33.5
1.80
2.70
3.70
4.80
5.80
6.20
6.80
7.40
7.80
8.10
157
158
160
161
162
163
165
168
170
172
19
20
21
22
OPT VMG
UPWIND
OPT TWA
UPWIND
OPT VMG
DOWNWIND
OPT TWA
DOWNWIND
HB-0845-06
181
h2000 User Manual
5.15.14 Polar Table Manipulation
A special set of RS232 commands are available for the
manipulation of polar performance data. Using these
commands it is possible to read and adjust individual
elements of the polar table or scale the whole polar table.
An example of the polar table format is shown in Table 10.
The syntax and function of each command is as described in
the following Paragraphs.
5.15.15 Output Polar Table Value
#PO,s,nn(CR)
s = single digit number between 0 and 9 which represents a
column in the Polar Table (see Table 10). Each column of
the table has a true wind angle associated with it.
nn = two digit value between 02 and 22 which represents a
rw in the Polar Table.
Rows 02 to 18 represent true wind angles from 20 to 180
degrees in increments of 10 degrees.
Row 19 represents the optimum upwind VMG.
Row 20 represents the true wind angle associated with 19.
Row 21 represents the optimum downwind VMG.
Row 22 represents the true wind angle associated with 21.
Issuing this command will cause the following message to
be output:
P,xx.x,yy.yy(CR)
where:
xx.x = three digit value representing true wind speed
associated with row 's' of polar table
yy.yy =
182
boat speed in knots if 'nn' = 02-18
HB-0845-06
optimum upwind VMG in knots if 'nn' = 19
true wind angle associated
with above if 'nn' = 20
optimum downwind VMG in knots if 'nn' = 21
true wind angle associated
with above if 'nn' = 22
Example:
The command #PO,3,08(CR) will cause the message:
P , 10.0 , 07.25 (CR) to be output.
|
|
true boat
wind speed
speed
Likewise command #PO,4,20(CR) will cause the message:
P , 12.0 , 042 (CR) to be output.
|
|
true true
wind wind
speed angle
The command may also be used to output a complete row,
or the entire table, by omitting one or more parameters. For
example, the command:
#PO,3(CR)
will cause the whole of row 3 to be output in the format:
PR,r,cc,uu.u,cc,vv.vv,...cc,vv.vv,cc,ww.ww,cc,xxx,cc,yy.yy,cc,zzz
HB-0845-06
183
h2000 User Manual
where r
cc
uu.u
vv.vv
ww.ww
xxx
yy.yy
zzz
vmg
is the row number (0..9)
is the column number (01..22)
is the true wind speed set for this row
is the boat speed
is the optimum upwind vmg
is the true wind angle for upwind vmg
is the optimum downwind vmg
is the true wind angle for downwind
Because output lines can only be a maximum of 80
characters it takes several lines to output a complete row.
Each line begins with
PR,r,cc....
to indicate which row and column follows.
In a similar way, the command:
#PO(CR)
outputs the entire table, row by row, in the above format.
5.15.16 Input Polar Table Value
#PI,s,nn,yy.yy(CR)
s = 0 - 9 (as in previous command)
nn = 02 - 22 (as in previous command)
This command permits any single element of the polar table
to be changed.
Example:
The command #PI,7,05,07.45(CR)
Will cause the polar table element corresponding to a wind
speed of 20 knots and a true wind angle of 50 degrees to be
changed from 7.40 Knots to 7.45 Knots.
Likewise command #PI,0,22,150(CR)
184
HB-0845-06
Will cause the true wind angle associated with the optimum
down wind VMG in a true wind speed of 4.0 knots to be
changed from 130 degrees to 150 degrees.
5.15.17 Output Polar Table Type and Rating
The command #PR(CR)
Will cause the current polar table type and its associated
rating to be output in the following format:
W,s,xx.xx(CR)
s = single digit 0, 1, 2 or 3 representing the polar table type
currently being used.
xx.xx = Four digit number between 16.50 and 99.99
representing the IOR rating. This rating value is used when
the entire polar table is scaled.
5.15.18 Input Polar Table Type and Rating
The command #PR,s,xx.xx(CR)
This command selects a polar table from the three available
in the Performance Unit and then scales it for a new rating
value.
s = Polar table type (0, 1 or 2) to be selected. All adjustments to
the previously selected polar table will be lost. If the 's' parameter
is omitted then the currently selected polar table will be adjusted
to the new rating value.
xx.xx = four digit number between 16.50 and 99.99 Representing
the IOR rating. When a new rating is entered using this
command, all the elements (apart from optimum angles) will be
scaled in the following way:
New value = old value x
Each of the three polar tables stored within the Performance Unit
has its own associated default rating value:
HB-0845-06
185
h2000 User Manual
TYPE
Masthead rig
Fractional rig
ULDB
NO.
0
1
2
RATING
26.20 IOR rated feet
22.50 IOR rated feet
29.50 IOR rated feet
5.15.19 Input Polar Table Wind Speed
#PW,s,xx.x(CR)
This command permits values in the wind speed column of
the currently selected Polar Table to be altered.
s = single digit value 0 to 9 representing a row in the Polar
Table (see Table 10)
xx.x = wind speed in knots of 00.0 to 99.9
Notes
• It is important that the wind speeds in the polar table lie
in ascending order, i.e. s = 0 corresponds to the smallest
wind speed value, s = 9 corresponds to the largest wind
speed value. If, by using the #PW command, the wind
speed values become disordered then 'Err 5' will be
displayed on Reaching and Tacking performance.
• Duplicate non-zero values for wind speed must not exist
in the wind speed column of the polar table. If duplicate
values are introduced using the PW command then 'Err 6'
will be displayed on Reaching and Tacking performance.
• If less than ten Wind Speeds are required, the first values
must be set to zero.
5.15.20 Output Apparent Wind Correction Table
Values
The h2000 contains two tables that can be used to correct
the measured apparent wind values which are to be used in
further calculations. These do not affect the values of
apparent wind speed or apparent wind angle displayed.
Table 11 is an example of the apparent wind speed
correction table and Table 12 is an example of the apparent
wind angle table.
186
HB-0845-06
#TO,s,nn(CR)
s = 1 to 6 row number for 5,10,15,20,25 and 30 knots
Apparent Windspeed respectively.
nn = 01 to 24 column number. Columns 01 to 12 are for 20,
25, 30, 35, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, 160 and 180 degrees
Apparent Wind Angle respectively and contain apparent
wind speed correction values. Columns 13 to 24 for 20, 25,
30, 35, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, 160 and 180 degrees
Apparent Wind Angle respectively and contain apparent
wind angle correction values.
The command stops all automatic output and returns:
U,s,nn,y...y(CR)
if nn = 01 to 12
yy.yy or -yy.yy = Windspeed correction value in knots
if nn = 13 to 24
yyy.y or -yyy.y = Wind Angle correction value in degrees.
The command may also be used to output a complete row,
or the entire wind correction table by omitting one or more
parameters. For example:
#TO,3(CR)
outputs the whole of row 3 in the format:
UR,r,cc,-ww.ww,...cc,-xxx.x,...cc,-yyy.y,...cc,zz.zz
where
r
cc
ww.ww
xxx.x
yyy.y
zz.zz
is the row number (1..6)
is the column number (01..28)
is the apparent wind speed correction
is the apparent wind angle correction
is the true wind angle correction
is the true wind speed correction
In general, these values can be either positive or negative.
Negative values will be preceded by a minus sign.
HB-0845-06
187
h2000 User Manual
Because output lines can only be a maximum of 80
characters it takes several lines to output a complete row.
Each line begins with
UR,r,cc
to identify the row and column of the data that follows.
Table 11. - Apparent Wind Speed Correction
nn
AWA
S
1
2
3
4
5
6
nn
AWA
S
1
2
3
4
5
6
Wind
Speed
5
10
15
20
25
30
Wind
Speed
5
10
15
20
25
30
01
20
02
25
03
30
04
35
05
40
06
60
-0.65
-0.30
-1.20
1.00
1.25
1.50
-0.40
-0.10
-0.90
0.60
1.00
1.50
-0.20
0.20
-0.45
0.20
1.00
1.80
-0.10
0.20
-0.45
0.00
1.25
2.40
-0.10
0.10
-0.45
-0.40
1.25
3.00
-0.20
-0.30
-0.75
-0.60
2.00
4.50
07
80
08
100
09
120
10
140
11
160
12
180
-0.45
-0.70
-1.35
-0.80
2.75
6.60
-0.60
-1.10
-1.95
-1.20
3.25
7.20
-1.10
-1.50
-1.80
-1.20
3.00
6.60
-0.75
-1.50
-1.65
3.00
2.50
5.80
-0.70
-1.20
-1.05
-0.60
1.50
3.60
-0.60
-0.80
-1.05
-0.20
0.00
0.00
Table 12. - Apparent Wind Angle Correction
nn
AWA
S
188
13
20
14
25
15
30
16
35
17
40
18
60
Wind
Speed
HB-0845-06
1
2
3
4
5
6
nn
AWA
S
1
2
3
4
5
6
5
10
15
20
25
30
Wind
Speed
5
10
15
20
25
30
-1.0
-2.0
-0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
-2.0
-4.5
-0.5
-1.0
-0.5
0.0
-4.0
-6.5
-4.5
-3.0
-2.0
-1.0
-4.5
-7.5
-5.5
-4.0
-3.0
-2.0
-5.0
-8.5
-6.5
-5.0
-4.0
-3.0
-6.0
-8.5
-7.5
-6.0
-5.0
-4.0
19
80
20
100
21
120
22
140
23
160
24
180
-7.0
-12.0
-8.5
-7.0
-6.0
-5.0
-8.0
-14.0
-9.5
-8.0
-7.0
-6.0
-7.5
-12.0
-8.5
-5.5
-4.0
-3.0
-6.0
-10.5
-6.5
-12.0
-2.0
-1.0
-4.5
-8.0
-4.0
-2.0
-1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.15.21 Input Apparent Wind Correction Table Value
#TI,s,nn,y...y(CR)
s
= 1 to 6 row number as in previous command.
nn = 01 to 24 column number as in previous command.
yy.yy or -yy.yy = Windspeed correction value in knots
yyy.y or -yyy.y = Wind Angle correction value in degrees.
This command permits any single element of the correction
tables to be changed.
HB-0845-06
189
h2000 User Manual
5.15.22 Output Apparent Wind Correction Status
#OC,15(CR)
This command will stop automatic output and reply with:
C,15,s(CR)
s = 0 for no corrections being applied to apparent wind
values.
1 for corrections being applied to apparent wind values for
use in further calculations.
5.15.23 Enable/Disable Apparent Wind Correction
#IC,15,s(CR)
s = 0 for no correction to be applied to apparent wind
values.
1 for correction to be applied to apparent wind values used
in further calculations.
5.15.24 Input Calibration Value
#IC,n,x...x(CR)
n = calibration number
x....x = calibration value
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
190
Calibration Type
Boatspeed (port)
Boatspeed (stbd)
Windspeed Hz/kt
MHU Angle
Leeway
True Wind Correction
Zero Correction Angle
Max Mast Twist
Max Twist Angle
Windspeed offset
Depth datum m
Depth datum ft
Data Format
x.xx
x.xx
x.xx
xxx.x
xx.x
ignored
ignored
ignored
ignored
x.xx
xx.x
xx.x
Max Value
9.99
9.99
9.99
359.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
99.9
HB-0845-06
13
14
15
16
17
18
Depth datum fm
Compass offset
Apparent wind correction
Magnetic Variation
Next Leg Bearing
Tide On N/L Select
xx.x
xxx.x
x
xxx.x
xxx.x
x
99.9
359.9
2
359.9
359.9
1
5.15.25 Output Calibration Value
#OC,n(CR)
n = calibration number as above
This command stops all automatic output and returns
C,n,x...x(CR)
5.15.26 Input Damping Value
#ID,n,xx(CR)
n = damping number
1 Boatspeed Damping
2 Heading Damping
3 Apparent Windspeed Damping
4 Apparent Wind Angle Damping
5 True wind speed damping
6 True wind angle damping
7 Tide Damping in minutes
xx = damping value in seconds (minutes if tide) 0 to 99.
5.15.27 Output Damping Value
#OD,n(CR)
n = damping number as in previous command.
This command stops all automatic output and returns
HB-0845-06
191
h2000 User Manual
D,n,xx(CR)
xx = damping value 0 to 99
5.15.28 Input Hercules Channel Text
#IT,nn,c...c,d...d(CR)
nn = 00 to 31 - Hercules Channel Number (see Table 7)
c...c = channel text, up to 16 characters (only 10 displayed)
d...d = Page Text, ignored by h2000.
5.15.29 Output Text Immediately
#OT,nn,h(CR)
nn = 00 to 31 channel number
h = H for Hercules channel (see Tables 7 and 8)
R for NMEA or Remote channel.
Note
• Remote channel numbers must be allocated by adjusting
CAL VAL3 for the required function or using the
#RC,nn,cc(CR) command.
This command stops all automatic output and outputs text as
follows (page text is returned as spaces)
HT,nn,c...c, (CR) if Hercules channel text requested
RT,nn,c...c, (CR) if Remote Text requested.
5.15.30 Output Alarm
#OA,nn(CR)
nn = alarm number, see Table 13
This command stops all automatic output, and returns
Ann,xxxx,s(CR)
nn = Alarm Number
xxxx = Alarm Value
s = 0 for alarm OFF
s = 1 for alarm ON and not active
s = 3 for alarm ON and active
192
HB-0845-06
Table 13. - Alarm Numbers
Alarm No.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
HB-0845-06
Description
Boatspeed High Alarm
Boatspeed Low Alarm
Heading Clockwise Alarm (calculated from Alarm
Value and Sector Width)
Heading Anti-Clockwise Alarm (calculated from
Alarm Value and Sector Width)
Apparent Wind Speed High Alarm
Apparent Wind Speed Low Alarm
Apparent Wind Angle Clockwise (calculated from
Alarm Value and Sector Width)
Apparent Wind Angle Anti-Clockwise (calculated
from Alarm Value and Sector Width)
Battery Volts High Alarm
Battery Volts Low Alarm
Depth Feet High Alarm
Depth Feet Low Alarm
Depth Fathoms High Alarm
Depth Fathoms Low Alarm
Depth Metres High Alarm
Depth Metres Low Alarm
Sea Temperature Centigrade High Alarm
Sea Temperature Centigrade Low Alarm
Sea Temperature Fahrenheit High Alarm
Sea Temperature Fahrenheit Low Alarm
Air Temperature Centigrade High Alarm
Air Temperature Centigrade Low Alarm
Air Temperature Fahrenheit High Alarm
Air Temperature Fahrenheit Low Alarm
193
h2000 User Manual
5.15.31 h2000 General Purpose Input Value
#IV,nnn,mmm,fff,xx.xx,tttttttttt(CR)
nnn = node number to which value is to be sent
1
Depth Board
5 to 8 Wind Boards
9 to 12 RS232 or NMEA Board
255
Broadcast to all Boards
mmm = message type to be used
211
Calibration Value 1
212
Calibration Value 2
213
Calibration Value 3
214
Calibration Value 4
206
Damping Value
34
High Alarm Value
33
Low Alarm Value
32
Sector Alarm Value
1
Data Value
2
New text for an existing function
fff
= function number see Table 14
xx.xx = Value value to be sent, or node number of function
fff if mmm=2
tttttttttt = function text displayed on FFD, 20/20 or 40/40
This is a general purpose command for inputting values to
other nodes.
5.15.32 General Purpose Output Value
#OV,nnn,mmm,fff,(CR)
194
HB-0845-06
nnn = number of node from which value is to be obtained.
1
Depth Board
5 to 8
Wind Board
9 to 12 RS232 or NMEA Board
13 to 16 Expansion Boards
17 to 18 Pilot Boards
255
Broadcast to all Boards
mmm = message type to be used
211
Calibration Value 1
212
Calibration Value 2
213
Calibration Value 3
214
Calibration Value 4
206
Damping Value
34
High Alarm Value
33
Low Alarm Value
32
Sector Alarm Value
1
Data Value
fff = function number of value to be sent
This is a general purpose command for getting values from
any node (including the Performance Unit itself) and replies
with the value as follows:
Vnnn,mmm,fff,xx.xx(CR)
xx.xx = value
5.15.33 NMEA Sentence Output Rate Selection
#NS,p,fff,r(CR)
can be used to set the output rate of a specified NMEA
sentence, where:
p
fff
r
is the NMEA port number, 1 or 2
is the three-character NMEA sentence formatter
is the desired output rate in Hz
Example:
HB-0845-06
195
h2000 User Manual
#NS,1,HDM,10(CR)
sets the output rate of HDM on port 1 to ten times a second.
At present the only sentence formatter that is recognised is
HDM, and the output rates can only be 0, 1, or 10. An
output rate of 0 turns HDM off.
5.15.34 Displaying the Software Version Number
#RV,nn(CR)
causes the software version number of node nn to be output
in the format:
RV,nn,vv(CR)
where
nn
vv
is the node number
is the version number (in hexadecimal)
Example:
#RV,9(CR)
gives
RV,9,75(CR)
if version 7.5 software is fitted to the Performance Unit.
Not all Hercules units respond to version number requests,
so some nodes will return version 00.
5.15.35 RS232 Error Messages
If a command is incorrectly entered or has a parameter out
of range then an error message of the following form will be
output on RS232:
196
HB-0845-06
*ERROR nn: <text>(CR)
nn
<text>
= error number
= a text message describing the error
The error numbers are as follows:
01
02
03
04
05
06
HB-0845-06
=
=
=
=
=
=
Invalid command mnemonic
Command line too long, > than 80 characters
Invalid command syntax, missing parameter
Invalid parameter
Parity error
Channel Number out of range
197
h2000 User Manual
Table 14. - h2000 Function Numbers
FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
Air Temperature degrees C
Air Temperature degrees F
Apparent Wind Angle
Apparent Wind Angle, raw
Apparent Wind Speed knots
Apparent Wind Speed m/s
Apparent Wind Speed, raw
Average Speed
Barometric Pressure
Barometric Pressure Trend
Battery Volts
Bearing to Waypoint, G.C. mag.
Bearing to Waypoint, G.C. true
Bearing to Waypoint, rhumb mag.
Bearing to Waypoint, rhumb true
Bearing Wpt. to Wpt., mag.
Bearing Wpt. to Wpt, true
Boatspeed
Boatspeed, raw
Course
Course Over Ground, Mag.
Course Over Ground, True
Cross Track Error (XTE)
Dead Reckoning Course
Dead Reckoning Distance
Depth Meters
Depth Feet
Depth Fathoms
Depth Sounder Receiver Gain
Depth Sounder Noise
Distance to Waypoint, G.C.
Distance to Waypoint, Rhumb
Fore/Aft Trim
Heading
198
FUNCTION No.
29
28
81
82
77
79
78
100
135
134
141
230
229
228
227
225
224
65
66
105
234
233
238
211
129
193
194
195
54
55
232
231
155
73
NODE
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
1
5
5
5
9
9
9
9
9
9
1
1
5
9
9
9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
9
9
5
N/A
HB-0845-06
FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
Heading, Raw
Heading on Next Tack
Head/Lift Trend
Heel Angle
Leeway
Layline Distance
Linear 1
Linear 2
Linear 3
Linear 4
Linear 5
Linear 6
Linear 7
Linear 8
Linear 9
Linear 10
Linear 11
Linear 12
Linear 13
Linear 14
Linear 15
Linear 16
Local Time
Mast Angle
Next Leg Apparent Wind Angle
Next Leg Apparent Wind Speed
Next Leg Target Boat Speed
Next Waypoint Distance
Off Course
Optimum Wind Angle
Reaching Performance
Remote 0
Remote 1
Remote 2
Remote 3
Remote 4
HB-0845-06
FUNCTION No.
74
154
39
52
130
226
56
57
58
59
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
220
156
111
113
112
250
41
53
51
239
240
241
242
243
NODE
N/A
N/A
48
5
5
9
9
9
9
9
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
9
5
9
9
9
9
48
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
199
h2000 User Manual
FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
Remote 5
Remote 6
Remote 7
Remote 8
Remote 9
Rudder Angle
Sea Temperature degrees °C
Sea Temperature degrees °F
Speed Over Ground
Stored Log
Tacking Performance
Target Boatspeed
Target TWA
Tidal Set
Tidal Drift
Timer
Time to Layline
Time to Waypoint
Trip Log
True Wind Angle
True Wind Direction
True Wind Speed, knots
True Wind Speed, m/s
VMG to Waypoint (VMC)
Velocity Made Good
Wind Angle to the Mast
200
FUNCTION No.
244
245
246
247
248
11
31
30
235
205
50
125
83
132
131
117
251
237
207
89
109
85
86
236
127
157
NODE
9
9
9
9
9
5
1
1
9
1
9
9
9
9
9
5
9
9
1
5
5
5
5
9
5
5
HB-0845-06
5.15.36 RS232 Command Summary
#IC,n,x..x
#ID,n,XX
#IR,nn,a...a,c...c
#IT,nn,c....c
#IV,nnn,mmm,fff,xx.xx,t...t
#NI,s,a...
#NO,s,a...
#NS,p,fff,r
#OA,nn
#OB
#OB,s
#OC,n
#OD,n
#OE,nn,s,h
#OI,nn,s
#OL
#OS,s
#OT,nn,h(R)
#OV,nnn,mmm,fff
#PI,s,nn,xx.xx
#PO,s,nn
#PR
#PR,s,xx.xx
#PW,s,xx.x
#RC,nn,cc
#RM,ssss,ffff
#RV,nn
#TC,t,l,d
#TC
#TO,s,nn
#TI,s,nn,y...y
HB-0845-06
Input calibration value
Input damping value
Input remote channel data and text
Input text for Hercules channel
Input Value
Send network or NMEA message
Output from network or NMEA
NMEA output rate selection
Output alarm
Output Basic Data Immediately
Automatic output of basic data
enable/disable
Output calibration
Output damping value
Automatic output enable /disable
Output data immediately
Output Latitude and Longitude
Start/stop automatic output
Output text immediately
Output value
Polar input
Polar output
Output table selection and rating
Input table selection and rating
Enter polar windspeed
Assign remote channel
Display performance unit memory
Display software version number
Trip Control
Output trip status
Output wind correction
Input wind correction
201
h2000 User Manual
5.15.37 True Wind Correction
There are two tables that are used to correct the values of
true wind angle and true wind speed before output to the
display or use in calculation of true wind direction. These
are the values that can be adjusted via the FFD when
calibrating true wind angle and speed and are explained in
Chapter 3 - Calibration
5.15.38 Output True Wind Correction Table Values
#TO,s,nn(CR)
s = 1 to 6 row number for 5,10,15,20,25 and 30 knots true
wind speed respectively.
nn = 25 to 28 column number. Columns 25 to 27 contain the
true wind angle correction values for Upwind, Reaching and
Downwind sectors respectively. Column 28 contains true
wind speed correction values for 180 degrees down wind.
The wind speed correction values are interpolated to 0 at 90
degrees.
The command stops all automatic output and returns:
U,s,nn,y...y(CR)
if nn
yyy.y or -yyy.y
if nn
yy.yy or -yy.yy
= 25 to 27
= True wind angle correction
value degrees.
= 28
= True wind speed correction
value in knots.
5.15.39 Input True Wind Correction Table Values
#TI,s,nn,y...y(CR)
s
202
=
1 to 6 row number as in previous command.
nn
= 25 to 28 column number as in previous
command.
yy.yy or - yy.yy
= True wind speed correction value in knots
HB-0845-06
yyy.y or - yyy.y
= True wind angle correction value in
degrees.
Table 15. - True Wind Angle Correction Table
Wind Angle
True Wind Speed
5
10
15
20
25
30
Correction °
Correction Angle
Table 16. - True Wind Speed Correction Table
Wind Angle
True Wind Speed
5
10
15
20
25
30
Upwind
Reaching
Downwind
5.16
EXPANSION PROCESSOR
5.16.1 The Expansion Processor
The Expansion Unit can be connected to the h2000 System
via the Fastnet to drive four extra analogues (meters 5,6,7
and 8), and provide extra analogue inputs.
HB-0845-06
203
h2000 User Manual
A new menu automatically appears on all FFDs called
EXPAND when an Expansion Processor is added to the
system. Up to twelve linear functions may be displayed
numbered LINEAR 5 to LINEAR 16. Initially only
LINEAR 5 is shown. A linear function by default shows a
number between 0, representing 0 volts on its input and
1000 representing 6.5 volts on its input. The voltage change
is assumed to be linear in relationship. Hence an external
sensor, for example a load cell giving a linear change in
voltage as the load increases, may be connected to a linear
input.
LINEAR 5 has four calibration values, other linear functions
have three calibration values found by selecting
CALBRATE on the appropriate linear function.
5.16.2 Linear Function Settings
Altering calibration value 1 (CAL VAL 1) allows the
correct input sensor to be selected. The different inputs
available are shown below:
1 or 2
3
4
5
6
7
8
normal linear input 0 to 1000
rotating mast correction for apparent wind angle
heel angle input
trim angle input
barometric pressure
rudder angle
air temperature
The default factory setting for a linear input on the
Expansion Processor is 1 (0-1000 format).
Note
• Do not set different linear inputs to the same function
(except type 1 for normal linear input) or the calibration
value will be ignored. This ensures that no function uses
no more than one analogue input. However, any one of
the Linear 1 to 4 inputs from the main processor may be
204
HB-0845-06
set to the same function as any one of the Linear 5 to 16
inputs.
Calibration value 2 (CAL VAL 2) displays MIN VAL with
a number that can be adjusted between -999 and 9999. This
is the number to be displayed for a 0V input. The default
setting is 0.
Calibration value 3 (CAL VAL 3) displays MAX VAL with
a number that can be adjusted between -999 and 9999. This
is the number to be displayed for 6.5V input. The default
setting is 1000.
5.16.3 Calibrating a Linear Channel
Adjusting the MIN and MAX values allows the displayed
value to be scaled to the appropriate range for the sensor
attached. Taking a load cell for example, if the zero load
output is 0V, MIN VAL=000 and if maximum load is 650
KgF at 6.5V then MAX VAL=650.
Calibration value 4 is only available on Linear 5 and this
displays a value between 05 and 16. This setting determines
the number of linear inputs that are available. For example,
changing this value to 10 would display a maximum of 10
linear inputs. The default value is 05.
Damping is adjustable between 00 and 99 seconds. The
default setting is 01.
Notes
• When calibration value 1 is changed to select a desired
input sensor, the linear value is no longer updated and a
constant value is displayed until the page key is pressed.
• Extra functions selected, and then removed, remain in
the display menu but with no data shown until the system
is switched off and then back on again.
HB-0845-06
205
h2000 User Manual
• Linear functions will always be shown if selected by
CAL VAL 4 on linear 5. They will show no data if the
CAL VAL 1 is set to 1 or 2.
5.16.4 Expansion Processor Wiring
The Expansion Processor is connected to the system Fastnet
for power and data requirements.
TERMINAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
206
FUNCTION
Meter 5 SIN
Meter 5 COS
Meter 6 SIN
Meter 6 COS
Meter 7 SIN
Meter 7 COS
Meter 8 SIN
Meter 8 COS
Meter Lighting
Meter Common
Meter Ground
N/C
N/C
Network Data -ve
Network Data +ve
Network Screen
Battery Supply Ground
Battery Supply 12V
Battery Volts Sense
N/C
Ground
Sensor Supply +6.5V
Linear 5 Input
Linear 6 Input
Linear 7 Input
Linear 8 Input
Linear 9 Input
N/C
WIRE COLOUR
Green
Blue
Red
Violet
Red
Violet
Green
Blue
Yellow
Orange
Black
Green
White
Screen
Black
Red
Link to 18
Blue
Red
Green
Green
Green
Green
Green
HB-0845-06
TERMINAL
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
HB-0845-06
FUNCTION
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
Linear 10 Input
N/C
Linear 11 Input
Linear 12 Input
+12V Switched Supply
Linear 13 Input
+6.5V Sensor Supply
RPM Input
Ground
Linear 14 Input
Linear 15 Input
Linear 16 Input
WIRE COLOUR
Green
Green
Green
Red
Green
Red
Green
Blue
Green
Green
Green
207
h2000 User Manual
CHAPTER 6: DIAGNOSTIC DATA
6.1
FFD DIAGNOSTICS
The FFD contains a number of diagnostic functions. These
allow the FFDs own keys, display and memory to be tested
and also perform some checks on other parts of the system
via the network. One of the more useful of these tests
enables the user to determine the software version numbers
of the processor units in the system. This information is
often useful when contacting service agents.
6.1.1
Diagnostic Function Selection
To use the diagnostic functions they must be selected on the
required FFD when the system is switched ON as follows:
208
1.
When switching ON the system press Enter and
hold until DIAGNOST appears on the upper text
in an otherwise blank display.
2.
Press Enter and the first test option appears
which is KEYTEST.
3.
The required test can then be selected using the
Scroll Up and Scroll Down Keys (see below for
details of the tests).
4.
Press Enter to start the test.
5.
On completion of each test, press Scroll Up or
Scroll Down to scroll to the next test. Press Enter
to start the test.
6.
To return the display back to normal operation
press the Page Key.
7.
Provided that the power is not switched off or a
system reset performed, the diagnostics can be reentered by holding Enter down and pressing the
On/Off Lights Key.
HB-0845-06
The options in the DIAGNOSTICS Menu are described in
the following paragraphs, 6.1.2 to 6.1.3.
6.1.2
RES-SYS
Caution
Do not use this option during normal
operation as all calibration values will be
lost
This allows individual units or the entire system to be reset.
The network node address of the unit to be reset is selected
using the Scroll Up and Scroll Down Keys and then Enter
pressed. The node allocations are as follows:
Individual Addresses
Node Address
01H
05H
09H
0DH
10H
11H to 12H (Typ. 12H)
20H to 2FH
30H to 3FH
40H to 4FH
50H to 5FH
60H to 6FH
112H to 127H
128H
HB-0845-06
Function
Depth
Wind
Performance
Expansion
Halcyon 2000 Compass
Auto-Pilot
FFDs
Halcyon FFDs
20/20’s
Pilot FFDs
NMEA FFDs
Loadcell Amplifiers
Tank Level Sensor
209
h2000 User Manual
Collective Addresses
FAH
FBH
FCH
FDH
FEH
FFH
All 20/20s
All Halcyon FFDs
All Pilot FFDs
All Processor Nodes
All FFDs
Entire System
Notes
• When the system is reset, all calibration, damping and
alarm values will be set back to default settings, all log
values and trip functions will be reset to zero. All display
units will reset to their default page settings. After a
delay of about 20 seconds the system should be switched
OFF and then back ON twice to complete the reset
procedure.
• If the Depth board is reset, the FILTER PC setting for
boat speed calibration will need to be reset to 10% as
follows:
SPEED → BOAT SPD, CALBRATE → CORRCTN → FILTER PC
6.1.3
Versions
This option allows the user to obtain the software version
numbers for the FFD (DISPLAY), Depth Board (DEPTH),
Wind Board (WIND), Expansion Unit (EXP UNIT) and
Pilot, if fitted. With 'VERSIONS' flashing on the display,
press Enter. Then use the Scroll Up Key to select the
device whose version number is required and press Enter to
display the software checksum of that device, in the bottom
display. The last two digits of the checksum are the software
version number.
210
HB-0845-06
6.2
h2000 MAIN PROCESSOR
The main processor contains two circuit boards: the wind
board and the depth board. The depth board is responsible
for boat speed, sea temperature and depth measurement. The
wind board is the main computer responsible for wind
functions and also drives the analogue meters. It has special
inputs for the mast head unit, Halcyon compass, air
temperature, battery voltage and four linear inputs which
can be connected to a variety of other sensors, see Chapter 4
- Installation Information.
6.2.1
Mast Head Unit
If there appears to be a problem with wind speed or wind
angle first check the cable connections at the main processor
and at the mast base junction box. The easiest way to test
the mast head unit cable is by substituting a spare cable. If
the cable is damaged in the mast the cause of the damage
should be ascertained and the mast re-rigged or new conduit
installed before replacing the cable. The mast head unit
should always be removed before the mast is un-stepped to
avoid damage. It should be stored in its original packing box
with the vane and cups removed.
Note
• The mast head unit's bearings should not be oiled as they
are of a sealed pre-lubricated type and additional oil may
cause chemical breakdown of the existing lubricant.
6.3
DEPTH SOUNDER
Fault finding on the depth sounder is often difficult as depth
sounder performance is dependent on many factors:
transducer type and installation, boat speed, electrical noise,
sea state, sea bed conditions, air and plankton in the water.
Indications of problems with the depth sounder normally
manifest themselves in one of three ways: display shows
four floating bars:
HB-0845-06
211
h2000 User Manual
-
- -
The display locks down showing depths in the range 0 to
1.5m or display shows random deep depths. All of these
symptoms can be caused by external conditions so care and
additional tests should be performed before concluding the
fault lies with the depth sounder. There are two values
output by the depth sounder which can be of assistance in
diagnosing problems, these are receiver gain and noise
which can be found in the PARAMTR Menu on a FFD.
6.3.1
Yacht Stationary
Symptom: Display consistently shows:
-
- -
when well within the range of the sounder when the yacht is
stationary in the water. This is an indication that no
consistent signal is being received by the depth sounder.
Possible causes:
(a) The transducer is not connected.
(b) The transducer is not in its housing.
(c) If sounding through the hull there is not enough oil in the
housing or the hull material is not suitable to sound through
(wood, composite hulls with core material etc.).
(d) The transducer is receiving extra reflections off an adjacent
pontoon or jetty.
(e) The transducer is receiving interference from another B&G
system located in an adjacent yacht.
212
HB-0845-06
(f) The transducer is faulty or has been damaged. The
transducer should be checked for any damage, barnacle growth or
thick layers of paint. If it needs cleaning this should be done with
a scrubbing brush. The face of the transducer may have a thin
coat of anti-fouling applied to it making sure no air bubbles are
trapped in the paint. The cable should be checked for damage.
The resistance between the BLUE and BLACK cores should be in
the region of 0.5 to 5 Ohms and resistance between the screen and
the cores should be infinity.
CAUTION:
Resistance measurements should only be made with the
transducer disconnected from the Processor Unit.
(g) The gain of the receiver has been set too low. It is possible to
adjust the maximum gain via CAL VAL1 on gain. This is
normally set to 30 and should not be adjusted.
6.3.2
Yacht Moving
Symptom:
moving:
Display shows pattern below when yacht is
-
- -
This is most often an indication of difficult sounding
conditions, but can also indicate a poorly located transducer.
Possible causes:
(a) Difficult sounding conditions and/or depth sounder unable to
track rapidly changing bottom. If coming into shallow water
yacht should slow down and proceed with caution.
(b) Aeration in the water, most often caused by the wake of
another vessel. This can persist in the water for a long period after
the passing of the vessel. In some instances the depth sounder will
indicate the depth of the aeration layer caused by a large vessel.
HB-0845-06
213
h2000 User Manual
(c) Poorly located transducer. Determine what conditions cause
the problem by doing some manoeuvring trials in an area which
has a relatively uniform depth, a solid bottom and is clear of the
wake from other boats.
First determine the maximum speed at which reliable soundings
can be made when travelling in a straight line. Then repeat the
tests when turning to port and starboard. If better results can be
obtained when turning it is possible that there is something in
front of the transducer causing aeration. This may be a hull
fitting like a water outlet in which case the transducer or the hull
fitting should be moved. If there seems little difference whether
turning or not, the position of the transducer should be reviewed.
It may be coming out of the water at high speed or in rough
water. It is impossible to give specific instructions on where to
re-site the transducer as it is so dependent on the design of boat;
however generally better results will be obtained nearer the
centre line of the boat. If there is only a problem when heeled,
consider fitting two transducers with a changeover switch.
6.3.3
Consistently Shows Shallow Depth
Symptom: Display consistently shows a shallow depth
between 0m and about 1.5m.
Possible causes:
a.
Faulty transducer. Transducer rings for too long
after the transmit pulse is sent and the ringing is
interpreted as a shallow return by the depth
sounder. On a deep keeled yacht it may be
possible to overcome this problem by increasing
the minimum depth to just less than the draft of
the yacht. The minimum depth is adjusted by
changing CAL VAL1 on NOISE.
PARAMTR→NOISE, CALBRATE→CAL VAL1 (MIN DPTH M)
The default setting for minimum depth is 0.7 metres.
214
HB-0845-06
6.3.4
b.
Keel echoes. If the transducer has been installed
too close to the keel it is possible to get consistent
echoes from the keel. The transducer should be relocated further away from the keel. If this is
impossible then increasing the minimum depth to
just below the keel can solve the problem but may
result in poor performance when the bottom is
shaded by the keel. Marginal cases are sometimes
caused by side lobes from the main beam from the
transducer and may be cured by rotating the
transducer in the housing.
c.
Following or crossing the path of another vessel
which has left an aerated layer in the water.
Random Deep Depths
Symptom: Display shows random deep depths.
Possible Causes:
HB-0845-06
a.
Electrical noise. The depth sounder contains
circuits and software to reduce its susceptibility to
electrical noise, however this can still be a
problem if not installed carefully or other
equipment is not correctly suppressed. The depth
sounder measures the ambient noise and this can
be found for display by looking under the
PARAMTR Menu. When the boat is stationary
electrical equipment should be switched ON and
OFF in turn while looking at the depth and noise
displays to try and determine the source of the
problem.
b.
Acoustic Interference. Other depth sounders and
sonar can cause problems. However this is
generally only when very close to other boats for
example when moored alongside in a crowded
marina. Also acoustic noise can be generated by
water flow past the transducer and various bits of
mechanical machinery.
215
h2000 User Manual
c.
6.4
Mid-water echoes. When outside the range of the
depth sounder it is possible that random depths
are displayed due to mid-water echoes from
shoals of fish or aeration layers.
PERFORMANCE UNIT
The Performance Unit contains the NMEA and RS232
interfaces and also calculates the performance related
functions.
6.5
ERROR MESSAGES
Following is a list of error messages output on the displays:
216
Er01
Error detected reading the analogue to digital
converter on the depth sounder board. This
can be an indication of a fault on the board or
that the sea water temperature or the compass
signals are outside their normal range. Try
disconnecting the sensors in turn.
Er02
Error detected when writing to the analogue to
digital converter on the depth sounder board.
This can indicate the same problems as Er01.
Err.3
Syntax or parity error on received NMEA
data.
Err.4
Checksum error on received NMEA 0183
data.
Err.5
Polar table wind speed values are disordered,
see Chapter 2 - Operating Information.
Err.6
There are duplicate non-zero wind speed
values in the Polar Table, Chapter 2 Operating Information.
HB-0845-06
CAL
Alternating with a function value indicates
that it has yet to be calibrated. This will
happen after a system reset or if the internal
battery is exhausted.
NO SPACE FFD memory full, too many functions have
been declared.
NOT FND
New function declared without text, can occur
temporarily at start-up or after changing a
system setting (e.g. True/Magnetic reference).
6.6
HALCYON 2000 COMPASS
6.6.1
Shows Heading and CAL Flashing
Symptom: Display flashes a Heading and CAL
Possible Causes:
6.6.2
a.
The memory in the Halcyon 2000 is empty or has
been corrupted. This may be due to a System
Reset being performed or the first time the
compass has been installed and not yet been
calibrated. Perform a calibration swing to restore
normal operation.
b.
After a calibration swing the result is always
FAIL. There is a source of magnetic deviation
near to the Halcyon 2000 compass. Try repositioning the compass and perform the
calibration.
Heading Shows Err
Possible Causes:
a.
HB-0845-06
The signal from the fluxgate sensor is too big or
too small. Try re-positioning the compass. If still
showing Err set NAVIGATE→COMP CAL,
CALBRATE→CAL VAL 2 (RES CAL) to 1.
217
h2000 User Manual
This will reset the compass. All previous
calibrations will be lost.
6.6.3
Heading or COMP CAL Shows PHS
Possible Causes:
a.
6.6.4
The compass is in the middle of resetting, the
display should show heading and CAL flashing
after 20 seconds. A calibration swing will be
required.
Two Headings Flashing Alternately
Symptom: Pilot or Halcyon Displays shows 2 headings
flashing alternately
Possible Causes:
a.
The Pilot has not been set to use the Halcyon
2000 as its heading source. See using Halcyon
2000 with a B&G ACP Pilot. If the Halcyon 2000
is not to be the source of heading then it must be
unplugged from the system.
6.6.5 True Wind Direction, Tide Set or DR Course
Not Functioning Correctly
a.
The Main Processor has not been configured to
use the Halcyon 2000 as the main heading source.
Set the following to 16:
NAVIGATE→COURSE, CALBRATE→CAL VAL 1 (HDG NODE)
218
HB-0845-06
6.7
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
6.7.1
Through-hull housings
Keep the screw threads of through-hull housings well
greased with silicone or water pump grease. Ensure that the
outer surfaces of the housing are properly coated with antifouling paint.
6.7.2
Boat speed sensor (paddlewheel type)
Use a stiff brush to remove marine growth that may cause
the paddlewheel to freeze, and then clean the surfaces with a
very weak solution of household detergent. If fouling is very
severe, push the paddlewheel axle out by using a small drift,
and then very gently, wet sand the surface with a fine grade
wet/dry paper.
Inspect the o-rings on both the sensor and the blanking plug
and replace if necessary, and then lubricate with silicone
lubricant or petroleum jelly (Vaseline®).
6.7.3
Boat speed sensor (ultrasonic type)
Aquatic growth can accumulate rapidly on the transducer
surface reducing performance. Clean the surface with a soft
cloth and a very weak solution of household detergent. If
fouling is severe, use a stiff brush or a putty knife. Take care
not to cause scratches on the transducer face. Wet sanding
using fine grade wet/dry paper is permissible to remove
stubborn deposits.
Surfaces exposed to salt water must be coated with
antifouling paint. Use only water-based antifouling paint.
Solvent-based paints must not be used. Solvent-based paints
contain ‘ketones’ which may attack the plastic surfaces and
damage the sensor. Re-apply the antifouling paint every six
months or at the start of each boating season.
HB-0845-06
219
h2000 User Manual
6.7.4
Desiccators
Should any display window show signs of moisture having
penetrated the seals e.g. misting of the glass or
condensation, the instrument should be removed and
returned to your national distributor for drying.
6.8
WINTER STORAGE/LAYING UP
6.8.1
Masthead unit
Storage of the masthead unit when the yacht is laid up afloat
will increase the life of the transmitters. It should always be
removed from masthead before the mast is unstepped. It
should be stored in its packing box with the vane and cups
removed. The exposed socket and connector threads at the
top of the mast should be smeared with silicone grease such
as MS4 (Midland Silicones Ltd), and then protected with the
plastic cap supplied with it.
The contacts in the masthead unit connector should be
inspected for cleanliness and sprayed with a water inhibitor
such as WD40. The outer casing of the connector should
also be smeared with silicone grease.
The masthead unit must never be oiled. The bearings are of
the sealed pre-lubricated type and any additional oil may
cause chemical breakdown of the existing lubricant. Any
scratch marks or corrosion on masthead unit spar should be
rubbed clean with a soft cloth and lightly smeared with
silicone grease. This should not be necessary if care is taken
when hoisting or lowering the masthead unit, to protect it
from collision against the rigging.
If the mast is un-stepped, care must be taken to ensure that
the cable is not cut through, but disconnected at the junction
box below decks. The bare ends of the cable should be
smeared with silicone grease.
220
HB-0845-06
6.8.2
Boat speed sensors
Remove paddlewheel unit(s) from housing(s) and lubricate
the sealing rings and threads. Place the sealing cap on the
housing. Perform the maintenance instructions given
Routine Maintenance section for paddlewheel type sensors.
HB-0845-06
221
h2000 User Manual
Appendix 1 – Calibration Data
A2
h2000 CALIBRATION DATA
A2.1 System Configuration Record
Default Setting
HEADING NODE
16 (HALCYON 2000)
HALCYON MODE
0
ANALOGUES
LINEARS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
User Setting
WIND ANG
DEPTH
BOAT SPD
WIND SPD
HEADING
MAG WIND
OFF CRSE
XTE
4 (HEEL)
5 (TRIM)
6 (BAROMETER)
1 (0-1000 TYPE)
NMEA MODE
0
BAUD RATE
6.2
SEA TEMP TYPE
1
HB-0845-06
A1-1
h2000 User Manual
Appendix 1 – Calibration Record
A2.2 Basic Calibration Record
FUNCTION
MEAS W/A
CALIBRATION
OFFSET
Hz/Kt
OFFSET
OFFSET
Hz/Kt
OFFSET
STBD Hz/Kt
PORT H/Kt
OFFSET
DATUM
OFFSET
OFFSET
COEFFICIENT
OFFSET
OFFSET
MEAS W/S
APP W/A
APP W/S
BOAT SPD
HEADING
DEPTH
HEEL
TRIM
LEEWAY
MAST ANGLE
RUDDER
VALUE
1.04 (default)
1.04 (default)
1.04 (default)
1.04 (default)
A2.3 True Wind Speed Correction Table
5
TRUE WIND SPEED
10
15
20
25
30
CORRECTION º
CORR. ANGLE
A2.4 True Wind Angle Correction Table
WIND ANGLE
5
TRUE WIND SPEED
10
15
20
25
30
UPWIND
REACHING
DOWNWIND
HB-0845-06
A1-2
h2000 User Manual
Appendix 1 – Calibration Data
A2.5 Boat Speed Correction Table
HEEL ANGLE
5
BOAT SPEED (Kt)
10
15
20
25
30
0º
10º
20º
A2.6 Damping Record
FUNCTION
APP W/A
APP W/S
HEADING
BOAT SPD
HEEL
TRIM
LEEWAY
MAST ANGLE
RUDDER
TRUE W/A
TRUE W/S
TRUE DIR
TIDE
DAMPING
DYN DAMP
HB-0845-06
A1-3