Ei103C Heat smoke alarm head user guide

Ei103C Heat smoke alarm head user guide
Solutions to improve the quality of life
This product may be purchased from Connevans Limited secure online store
at www.DeafEquipment.co.uk
Solutions to improve the quality of life
1. Basic Information about your Heat Alarm
A Heat Alarm is an early warning device. A system based on interconnected Heat Alarms and Smoke Alarms, can give you
and your family valuable extra time to escape.
Figure 1
Recommended Locations for Interconnected Heat Alarms and Smoke Alarms
Install correctly, in the centre of the ceiling if possible.
Test weekly with Test Button.
Replace alkaline battery yearly or when it beeps once a minute.
When the power is first connected the Alarm may sound for
2-3 seconds - this is normal.
A Heat Alarm does not prevent fires.
Plan your escape route.
Proper fire protection requires Smoke Alarms in addition to
Heat Alarms with all units interconnected.
If you have any doubt or query about Heat Alarms consult
the supplier or your local Fire Brigade.
Heat Alarms
Smoke Alarms
Near a decorative object, door, light fitting, window
molding etc., that may prevent the heat reaching the unit
Surfaces that are normally warmer or colder than the rest
of the room (for example attic hatches, uninsulated exterior
walls etc).
Next to or directly above heaters or air conditioning
vents, windows, wall vents etc. that can change the direction of airflow.
In very high or awkward areas (eg. over stair shafts) where
it may be difficult to reach the alarm for testing and battery
Locate the unit at least 1 metre (3 feet) from dimmer controlled lights and wiring - some dimmers can cause interference.
Locate unit at least 1.5m (5 feet) and route wiring at least 1m
(3 feet) away for fluorescent light fittings as electrical
“noise” and/or flickering may affect the unit.
In excessively dirty or dusty locations where contamination
build-up could slow down response.
Figure 3
2. Locating your Heat Alarm
The Heat Alarm gives a fire warning when the temperature at the
unit reaches 58° C. It is ideal for kitchens, garages, boiler
houses and other areas where there are normally high levels of
fumes, smoke or dust i.e. places where Smoke Alarms cannot
be installed without the risk of excessive nuisance alarms. A
Heat Alarm should only be used in a room adjoining an escape
route, in conjunction with Smoke Alarms on the escape routes.
All the Heat Alarms and Smoke Alarms should be interconnected to ensure the early warning will be heard, particularly by
somebody sleeping. A Heat Alarm installed in a closed room will
give early warning of fire in that room. A properly designed early
warning fire system ensures the alarm is given before the escape routes become blocked with smoke - therefore there must
be Smoke Alarms along the escape routes as Heat Alarms
would not give sufficient warning. However, a fire in a closed
room (e.g. kitchen) adjoining the escape route, can eventually
cause the corridor to become smoke-logged due to smoke leaking out from around the door before adequate warning can be
given by detectors in the corridor. (Smoke leaking out from a
room is often cool and slow moving so it can take a long time to
rise to the ceiling, and travel to a detector which could be some
distance away).
Figure 1 illustrates where Heat Alarms and Smoke Alarms
should be located in a typical two storey house. The following
gives the recommended spacings to be used to ensure the early
detection of fire and that the warning will be heard:
Heat Alarms
Rooms adjoining or on escape routes - kitchens, garages,
boiler houses etc. where Smoke Alarms are unsuitable. Install within 5.3m (17 feet) of potential sources of fire.
Smoke Alarms
1. Within 7m (23 feet) of doors to rooms where a fire is likely
to start. Corridors over 15m (46ft) should have more than
one Smoke Alarm.
2. On each storey.
3. Within 3m (10 feet) of bedroom doors - so warning will be
4. All other rooms where a fire could start (except those with
cooking/car fumes or condensation).
The air is “dead” and does not move in corners, therefore Heat
Alarms must be mounted away from corners. Place the unit at
least 30cm (12 inches) from any light fitting or decorative object
which might obstruct the heat
travelling to the Alarm. Keep at
least 15 cm (6 inches) away
from walls and corners. (See
figure 2). Wall mounting is not
r ecom m ended f or Heat
Alarms. If the ceiling has a
pitched roof install an Alarm
within each apex.
Don’t place your Heat Alarm in any of the following areas:
Location must comply with applicable building regulations.
(a) Ceiling Mounting
Hot smoke rises and spreads out, so the Heat Alarm must be put
on the ceiling - preferably in the centre. The sensitive element (in
the cylindrical protrusion) must not be less than 25mm (1 inch)
or more than 150mm (6 inches) below the ceiling or roof.
Places where extremes of temperature may occur - below
4°C or above 43°C. e.g. attics, furnace rooms etc. Directly
above ovens or kettles as the heat/steam could cause nuisance alarms.
Bathrooms, shower rooms or other rooms where the unit
may be triggered by steam or condensation.
P/N B11803
PAGE 2,3,4&5
(10) 9 VOLT
Figure 2
(b) Locations to Avoid
3. Positioning your Heat Alarm
4. Installing your Heat Alarm
(a) Attaching to Ceiling .
(NB: for wiring the interconnect see page 7)
The Heat Alarm is battery operated. Use figure 3, as a help in
1. Pull Cover open at Tab (2). Do not remove Cover from base.
2. Place the Base on ceiling or wall exactly where you want to
mount the unit. With a pencil, mark the location of the Screw
Holes (6)
3. Taking care to avoid any electrical wiring in the ceiling, drill a
hole through the centers of the marked locations. Push the plastic Screw Anchors provided into the drilled holes. Screw in
wiring inside the unit must be kept clear of the test button contacts, and must not impede the air flow. Drafts from wiring openings, conduit, or mounting boxes/holes, may blow smoke away
from the sensing chamber, making it insensitive. It is essential
that all such openings be closed by silicone sealant or similar.
7. Nuisance Alarms
If, when the alarm goes off, there is no sign of smoke, heat or
noise to indicate that there is a fire, you should get your family
into a safe place, before you start investigating.
Check the house carefully in case there is a small fire
smould-ering somewhere.
Figure 6
Figure 7
Check whether there is some source of heat, fumes or smoke,
for example steam from a kettle triggering a Heat Alarm or cooking fumes being drawn past a Smoke Alarm by an extractor. The
Heat Alarm or Smoke Alarm initiating the alarm can be identified
as it will have a rapidly flashing red light. If there are frequent nuisance/false alarms it may be necessary to re-locate the offending device away from the cause of the alarm.
Figure 8
(b) Connecting the battery.
With a pencil, write the date of Battery installation on the inside
of the Cover to remind you when to replace the battery (4).
If the alarm fails to sound, follow this checklist.
Lift Battery from Battery holder, and snap Battery Connectors to
Battery. They fit together only one way (Figure 4).
Figure 4
1. Check Battery Connectors to be sure they are firmly snapped
to the Battery.
Figure 5
9 Volt
NOTE: You may hear a loud chirp when attaching the Battery
Connectors to the Battery. Test the installed Heat Alarm - see
section 6(a) below.
Some models will be fitted with a battery missing indicator warning flag which pops up when the battery is removed. This prevents the cover from closing when there is no battery in the unit.
When the battery is being installed or changed, this flag must be
held down while gently pushing the Battery into the Battery
Holder. (see figure 5).
5. Interconnecting your Heat Alarms and
Smoke Alarms.
A maximum of 12 interconnect EI 103, EI 100C and EI 105C
Heat/Smoke Alarms may be wired together so that when one
unit senses fire all other units sound a warning. This helps ensure the alarms will be heard.
Warning: Do not interconnect to any other Heat / Smoke
A maximum of 820 feet (250 metres) of wire can be used, (maximum resistance between detectors 50 ohm). The units are interconnected by wiring all the terminals marked 1 together, and all
the terminals marked 2 together, as shown in Figure 6. An opening should be made in the label covering the wiring hole in the
base, and the wires routed into the unit as shown. Note that the
8. (a) Important Safeguards
2. Replace the Battery. (Check the date marked on the Cover
when you last replaced the Battery).
After wiring together the Interconnect Alarms, test the first unit
by pressing the button. All the detectors should alarm within 10
seconds and the red light only on the unit being tested, will flash
about once a second. Check all the other units similarly.
These Alarms should be interconnected only within the confines
of a single family living unit. If they are connected between different units there may be excessive nuisance alarms. Everybody
may not be aware that they are being tested or that it is a nuisance alarm caused by cooking etc.
6. Looking after your Heat Alarm
(a) Testing your Heat Alarm
It is recommended that you test your Heat Alarm once a week to
be sure the unit is working. Press and hold the Test Button until
the alarm sounds (it may take up to 10 seconds) see figure 7. It
will also help you and your family to become familiar with the
sound of the Alarm.
(b) Testing with Heat
When you press the Test Button it simulates the effect of Heat
during a real fire. So, there is no need to test the Alarm with
WARNING: Do not test with flame.
This can be a fire hazard in itself.
If you want to check your Alarm with heat we recommend using
a hair dryer with a power rating of at least 1000 watts. Direct the
hot air as shown in figure 8 on to the heat sensor and the alarm
should sound within 30 seconds.
3. Refer to “Cleaning Your Heat Alarm” 6 (d).
(c) Replacing the Battery.
When using household protective devices, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including those listed below:
A fresh battery should last about one year. When battery power
is low and replacement is necessary, the Alarm will “beep” about
once per minute for at least 30 days. The battery must then be
replaced. Replace battery if the alarm does not sound when the
Test Button is pressed. For maximum reliability, replace battery
at least once a year.
If the Power Indicator light ceases flashing every 40 seconds replace the battery. Be sure to replace the battery as soon as possible to ensure proper operation and to avoid a leaking battery.
Leakage could cause damage to the Alarm, furniture, and carpeting.
For replacement batteries, refer to the label inside the Heat
Alarm Cover.
WARNING: Use of any other battery may be detrimental to the
operation of the Heat Alarm.
(d) Cleaning your Heat Alarm
Heat Alarms are not as susceptible to dust and contamination as
Smoke Alarms but it is prudent to clean them periodically. Use
the narrow nozzle attachment of your vacuum cleaner to remove dust, insects and cobwebs from the sides and cover slots
where the heat enters. To clean the cover, wipe with a damp
cloth. Dry cover thoroughly with cloth.
Please read all instructions.
Rehearse emergency escape plans so everyone at home
knows what to do in case the alarm sounds.
For replacement batteries, refer to label inside Heat Alarm.
NOTE: Constant exposure to high or freezing temperatures
or high humidity may reduce the life of the batteries.
Do not disconnect battery to stop alarm sounding. (Fanning
vigorously with a newspaper or similar will remove heat from
the Heat Alarm and stop it sounding.)
Do not attempt to recharge or burn batteries, as they may
explode. Wrap in paper and discard normally.
When removing battery, handle carefully to avoid possible
eye damage or skin irritation if battery has leaked or corroded.
To maintain sensitivity to heat, do not paint or cover Heat
Alarm in any manner; do not permit any accumulation of
cobwebs, dust or grease.
If unit has been damaged in any way or does not function
properly,do not attempt a repair. Return Heat Alarm (see Getting your Heat Alarm Serviced page 11.)
This appliance is only intended for premises having a residential type environment.
This is not a portable product. It must be mounted following
the instructions in this leaflet.
Heat Alarms are not a substitute for insurance. The supplier
or manufacturer is not your insurer.
WARNING: Do not paint your Heat Alarm.
(b) Limitations of Heat Alarms
Other than the cleaning described above, no other customer
servicing of this product is required. Repairs, when needed,
must be performed by the manufacturer.
Heat Alarms combined with Smoke Alarms can significantly
help to reduce the risk of fire fatalities.
P/N B11803
PAGE 6,7,8&9
However independent authorities have stated that these systems may be ineffective in some fire situations. There are a
number of reasons for this:
11. Five Year Product Guarantee
Heat Alarms will not work if the batteries are depleted or if
they are not connected, or if the wrong type of battery is
used. Test regularly and replace batteries at least yearly or
when depleted.
Alarms will not detect fire if sufficient heat/smoke does not
reach the alarms. Heat/smoke may be prevented from
reaching the Alarm if the fire is too far away, for example, if
the fire is on another floor, behind a closed door, in a chimney, in a wall cavity, or if the prevailing air drafts carry the
heat/smoke away. Installing heat alarms and smoke alarms
on both sides of closed doors and throughout the house or
premises as recommended in this leaflet will very significantly improve the probability of early detection.
The Alarms may not be heard.
3. Get out as fast as you can. Do not
stop for packing. Have a prearranged meeting place outside for all
family members. Check everybody
is there.
4. Call the Fire Brigade from a neighbour’s house. Remember to give
your name and address.
5. NEVER re-enter a burning house.
An alarm may not wake a person who has taken drugs or alcohol.
The alarms may not detect every type of fire to give sufficient
early warning. They are particularly ineffective with: fires
caused by smoking in bed, escaping gas, violent explosions. poor storage of flammable rags and/or liquids, (for example petrol, paint, spirits etc), overloaded electrical
circuits, arson, children playing with matches.
This guarantee is in addition to your statutory rights as a consumer.
Ei Electronics, 9 Grundy Street, Liverpool L5-9SG, U.K.
Ei Electronics, Shannon, Co.Clare, Ireland.
(b) Fire Safety Hints
Store petrol and other flammable materials in proper containers.
Discard oily or flammable rags.
The Alarms don’t last indefinitely. The manufacturer recommends regular weekly testing and replacement after, at
most, 10 years, as a precaution.
Always use a metal fireplace screen and have chimneys
cleaned regularly.
9. (a) Planning your Escape for when the
Alarm goes off
Do not overload electrical circuits.
Use the Heat Alarm and Smoke Alarm test buttons to familiarize
your family and other occupants with the Alarm sound and to
practice fire drills regularly with all occupants. Draw up a floor
plan that will show each member at least 2 escape routes from
each room in the house. Children tend to hide when they don’t
know what to do. Teach children how to escape, open windows,
and use roll up fire ladders and stools without adult help. Make
sure they know what to do if the alarm goes off - see below.
1. Check room doors for heat or
smoke. Do not open a hot door. Use
an alternate escape route. Close
doors behind you as you leave.
2. If smoke is heavy, crawl out, staying close to floor. Take short breaths,
if possible, through a wet cloth or
hold your breath. More people die
from smoke inhalation than from
Ei Electronics guarantees this product (excluding battery) for
five years from date of purchase against any defects that are
due to faulty material or workmanship. This guarantee only applies to normal conditions of use and service, and does not include damage resulting from accident, neglect, misuse,
unauthorised dismantling, or contamination howsoever caused.
This guarantee excludes incidental and consequential damage. If this Heat Alarm should become defective within the warranty period, it must be returned to the E.I. Co, carefully
packaged, with the problem clearly stated. (see “Getting Your
Heat Alarm Serviced”) We shall at our discretion repair or replace the faulty unit. Do not interfere with the Heat Alarm or attempt to tamper with it. This will invalidate the guarantee.
© Ei Electronics 2001
Replace worn or damaged sockets, switches, home wiring and
cracked or frayed electrical cords and plugs.
Keep matches away from children.
Never smoke in bed. In rooms where you do smoke, always
check under cushions for smouldering cigarettes and ashes.
Service central heating systems regularly.
Be sure all electrical appliances and tools have a recognised approval label.
Contains vital information on unit operation and installation.
Read and retain carefully. If you are just installing the unit this
leaflet MUST be given to the householder.
Futher information can be obtained from the Home office Publication entitled “Smoke Detectors in your Home” (FB2) or your local fire prevention officer.
10. Getting your Heat Alarm Serviced
If your Heat Alarm fails to work after you have read the sections
on “Connecting the battery” and “Looking after your Heat Alarm”
return it for repair or replacement in a padded box (battery disconnected) to “Customer Assistance and Information” at the
nearest address given on the Heat Alarm or in this leaflet. State
the nature of the fault, where the Heat Alarm was purchased and
the date of purchase.
P/N B11803
P/N B11803
PAGE 10,11,12 &1
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