EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
Configuring the X79 Dark BIOS
This supplementary manual explains the different menus and selections within the BIOS and
provides a description of the different options enabling you to configure the X79 Dark BIOS for
your needs.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Entering BIOS 2
Header and Margin Information 3
Overclock 6
Memory 22
Advanced 26
Boot 43
Save and Exit 48
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
Enter the BIOS
The X79 Dark features a UEFI BIOS, allowing for full mouse and keyboard support to
streamline configuration. The BIOS enables you to use the base configuration of the
motherboard to set preferences for features and configure the board to perform optimally.
Follow the basic steps below to enter your BIOS.
1. Power on the computer
2. Press the Del / Delete key when the message “Press Del to enter BIOS” appears on
screen.
a. In some instances, the X79 Dark can complete the POST sequence before the
video card fully initializes and prevent you from seeing the POST screen and
the prompt for entering the BIOS, which may cause you to miss the
opportunity to enter the BIOS. In these instances, please repeatedly press
the Del/Delete button for a few seconds following the power on.
The X79 Dark has 3 separate BIOS’s, toggled via the BIOS select switch. EVGA STRONGLY
recommends that you leave at least one BIOS unmodified to ensure that you have a failsafe
point that allows you to boot is an error occurs.
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Header and Margin
The header and right margin are permanent fixtures in the BIOS. The header gives a general
overview of hardware installed, basic temperatures and voltages.
In the center above the EVGA logo, is basic CPU information. There is the overall CPU clock
speed shown in GHz (Gigahertz). Above that the CPU Multiplier times Base Clock (BCLK) which
is how clock speed is derived. Adjacent to the CPU Clock there is a small outline of a chip and a
number inside of it, the number in this case 4, is the number of physical cores in the CPU. HT
indicates that Hyper Threading is enabled.
On the left, basic memory information is displayed at the top. The 8 small blue circles above
“Memory” represents the memory slots. The number in the circle indicates the memory size
per slot. If there is no number present, then that specific slot is not populated, or perhaps the
DIMM present may be malfunctioning or incorrectly installed.
Below “MEMORY” is the total RAM size and the memory frequency. The X79 DARK can support
up to 64GB of RAM, and speeds up to 2400+MHz. Current Sandy Bridge-E processors are rated
for up to 1600 MHz memory and Ivy bridge-E processors are rated for up to 1866 MHz. Most
memory will default to 1333 MHz and this will need to be set manually to the manufacturers
spec or to XMP if the memory supports it. Although this board is rated for 2400+ MHz, there
are many factors that can limit your overclocking ability such as memory controller in the CPU,
among others.
Bottom left section shows current voltages for Processor (CPU VCore) and the Memory
(VDIMM).
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
The PCI-Express Breakdown is on the upper right. From the center out is the uppermost PCI-E
slots to the lower slots. The lower row of blue circles will show what PCIe generation the slot is
running at. The PCIe generation options are 1.0 2.0 and 3.0. The upper circles indicate the PCIe
lane count for the corresponding slot. PCIe lane count options are 1, 4, 8, or 16.
The VRM and CPU temperatures are located below the PCI-E information. These are the 2 most
critical items on the motherboard requiring thermal monitoring. Keep in mind, however, that
these temperatures are at idle and do not necessarily reflect the temperature you may see
either in Windows or within an application under load. Temperatures are displayed in Celsius
which is the industry standard.
Below the header are the 5 buttons that will bring you to specific BIOS menus, and these will be
covered in the sections below.
The right Margin is the help legend, and gives a brief description of the current item you have
selected.
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The upper portion will give you a brief explanation of a selected item. Below that are the basic
commands for the BIOS. The modern UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) BIOS GUI
also allows for full navigation via mouse or the arrow keys.
The lower portion of this section contains icons for saving screen shots of the BIOS and listing
the current version of the BIOS. The F12 key can be used to save screen shots of the BIOS to a
USB storage drive. To use this feature, a pre-formatted thumb drive must be plugged into one
of the USB headers, then press F12 and a .bmp image will be saved to the thumb drives root
folder. This may be used to easily share BIOS configurations, or to visually back up settings
prior to doing a BIOS update to quickly and easily set original values back into the BIOS after the
flash is completed.
The BIOS version listed is the current version flashed of the ROM image, and will automatically
update every time the new BIOS is flashed.
Reference for the different bullet points:
 Setting
 Sub menu
 Preset Configurations (like XMP)
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Overclock

Intel® Core™ i7-4820K CPU @3.70GHz
This identifies the currently installed CPU model

Target CPU Frequency
The product of the BCLK and the Multiplier: (BCLK Frequency * BCLK Ratio) * CPU
Multiplier = CPU Frequency.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

Current PCI-E Frequency
Current set PCI-E Frequency (100 MHz default), PCI-E speed is generated by BCLK
divided by BCLK ratio. If PCI-E Frequency is outside of 5% margin, peripheral devices may
have issues and, when pushed high enough, can cause the board not to POST.

Internal PLL (Phased Locked Loop) Override
Enable/Disable
Enhanced clock management for extreme overclocking. Typically only used to stabilize
very high CPU Overclocks. S3 resume may not work properly, if this is enabled

CPU Multiplier Control
The three modes for controlling the CPU multiplier.
The 3 options - Auto, Manual and ELEET Ratio Control - all will affect the CPU Multiplier
Settings Menu(s) below. Manual mode forces ratio to remain constant during any
conditions, while ELEET Ratio Control mode will allow using software adjustment during
runtime (such as ELEET X Tuning utility or Intel XTU).

CPU Multiplier Setting
In manual mode you can select each core’s multiplier separately.
In ELEET Ratio Control, you can only control the overall CPU Multiplier Setting across all
available cores.
When core 1 ratio is changed, all cores will reflect this number. A core ratio limit may
be LOWERED below the ratio limit of the core number directly above it. However, if a
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core ratio limit is increased above the ratio limit of the core number above it in the list,
it will adjust all cores.
All multiplier settings can be left at auto. CPU Multiplier has a range of 12 to 63.

BCLK Frequency Ratio
Base Clock Frequency Ratio is the multiplier for the Base Clock Frequency Setting, and
this is one component of the Target CPU Frequency. Ensure correct memory frequency
after adjustment BCLK Ratio, as memory clock is affected by this ratio same way, as CPU.

BCLK Frequency Setting
This is the initial frequency set to the CPU’s Base Clock and is one component in the
Target CPU Frequency.
The BCLK Frequency range is 85 Mhz-250 Mhz, depending on BCLK ratio. Adjusting BCLK
may not be an ideal way to overclock the system, as it affects all subsystems, like
memory, PCI-E, peripherals, however in short order you may start seeing drastic stability
issues.
Safe margin usually lies within 3% for SandyBridge-E generation CPUs, and around 5-7%
for IvyBridge-E generation CPUs.
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
K-Boost
K-Boost has the option of Enable/Disable
This is a CPU voltage tweak at POST. This will help with overclocking on Ivy-Bridge-E
CPUs. Leaving it disabled will use the Intel reference spec for power delivery on POST.

VCore Mode
Fixed Mode / Offset Mode
Fixed mode sets the Vcore to a static value.
Offset adds an increased voltage threshold above factory Vcore, the upper limit of the offset is
defined in the BIOS. The CPU will dynamically draw additional voltage as needed. Offset is
useful to increase overclocking margin under heavy stress, while keeping temperatures
lower under low-medium load.

Vcore Voltage
This is the voltage set in the BIOS for the CPU. Changing this number can assist with
system stability during overclocking. There is no fixed default value as different
CPUs/CPU Batches run at different voltages out of the box. Also, the VCore can
fluctuate as part of the normal function of the CPU/Motherboard, as power
consumption is dynamic. This is expected and normal.
VCore default setting is Auto. To change the voltage, select a target voltage from the
pulldown menu, or click on the field and enter the desired voltage value on the 10 Key
pad, and press “Enter”.
CHANGE VCORE AT YOUR OWN RISK LEVELS OUTSIDE SPEC CAN VOID CPU
WARRANTY.
In Fixed mode, just enter the desired target CPU VCore. In offset mode, enter the
amount of additional voltage desired for the VCore to use as needed.

VCore VDroop
Voltage Droop for the CPU VCore.
Voltage droop is the loss in output voltage from a device as it drives a higher load.
Employing droop in a voltage regulation circuit increases the headroom for load
transients.
Allowing VDroop reduces power consumption by VRM and CPU. This in turn reduces
wear on the CPU and heat generated.
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However, for moderate to extreme overclocking it may be necessary to reduce/disable
this feature to assist with stability, to keep provided voltage constant, even at cost of
higher power consumption.

OCP Setting
Over Current Protection Setting (for CPU VCore)
This may be changed to the various options listed below, this is a hard shut off
protection level for the CPU Vcore rail. If your CPU pulls above the preset level, it will
trip the OCP and shut off in the same manner as a PSU when its OCP is tripped.

DIMM (1-4) Voltage
Double In-line Memory Module
This setting controls the voltage for the memory modules installed in slots 1-4.
Auto will adjust voltage depending on memory frequency, or the values may be entered
manually or scroll through the options with the +/- keys.

DIMM (5-8) Voltage
Double In-line Memory Module
This setting controls the voltage for the memory modules installed in slots 1-4.
Auto will adjust voltage depending on memory frequency, or the values may be entered
manually or scroll through the options with the +/- keys.
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
VSA Voltage
Voltage System Agent Voltage
VSA Voltage adjusts the CPU Integrated memory controller (IMC) and system control
unit (SCU) voltage. High memory overclocks or BCLK overclocking may need increasing
of this voltage. Auto will adjust voltage depending on memory frequency, or the values
may be entered manually or scroll through the options with the +/- keys..

VSA VDroop
Voltage System Agent Voltage Droop
Allows for a reduction in VSA voltage based off of Intel specs. This can also be disabled.

VCCIO Voltage
Voltage at a Common Connector Input/Output terminals
This is the I/O voltage for high-speed CPU Interfaces.
Auto will attempt to detect proper voltage for the memory controller, or the values may
be entered manually or selected by scrolling through the options with the +/- keys.
In most cases, this only needs to be adjusted when doing heavy overclocking and/or
very high speed RAM usually 2133 MHz and higher.

VPLL Voltage
Phase Lock Loop Domain Voltage
A phase lock loop (PLL) is a control system that generates an output clock signal whose
phase is locked on the input signal. This power domain used for CPU internal clocking
units, and adjusting voltage may help with overclocking.

PCH 1.1V
Platform Controller Hub
PCH serves as a south bridge for modern Intel Chipsets
1.1v is the base voltage core for the PCH core domain.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

PCH 1.5V
Platform Controller Hub
PCH serves as a south bridge for modern Intel Chipsets
1.5v adjustments control the voltage for the PCH I/O and the IVR (Input Voltage Range).

OC Mode
Overclock Mode
Enable/Disable. Disables some integrated components to quick assist settings with
overclocking.

PWM Frequency (KHz)
Pulse Width Modulation Frequency
PWM adjustments control the oscillation rate of the control signals in the switching
voltage regulator. Higher frequencies can help stabilize heavy overclocks, but will likely
cause a substantial increase in VRM heat, and active cooling may be warranted. This is
because higher switching frequency cause more parasitic losses in power components.

VSA PWM Frequency
Changes the oscillation frequency for the Voltage System Agent. Increasing this can
help stabilize an overclock, but generates substantial heat.

DIMM 1,2,3,4 DQ (Data Queue) Vref
DQ (Data signal on memory bus) Strobe Voltage reference
DQ Vref is threshold level for DDR signaling. This is used to adjust the point of
intersection of the data signals on the memory bus, as they should be intersecting in the
center of the strobe. High memory clocks, and voltage adjustments, can skew this and
as such cause BSOD and POST issues. Adjusting the VREF can help stabilize the memory.
HOWEVER, there are no means of knowing how far off the point of intersection is, or in
which direction, so any adjustments without proper equipment is, in effect, a
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completely blind adjustment and should be done in small increments using extreme
caution, as it may result in data corruption and/or a lack of POST.

DIMM 5,6,7,8 DQ (Data Queue) Vref
DQ (Data signal on memory bus) Strobe Voltage reference
DQ Vref is threshold level for DDR signaling. This is used to adjust the point of
intersection of the data signals on the memory bus, as they should be intersecting in the
center of the strobe. High memory clocks, and voltage adjustments, can skew this and
as such cause BSOD and POST issues. Adjusting the VREF can help stabilize the memory.
HOWEVER, there are no means of knowing how far off the point of intersection is, or in
which direction, so any adjustments without proper equipment is, in effect, a
completely blind adjustment and should be done in small increments using extreme
caution, as it may result in data corruption and/or a lack of POST.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
The options in the XTECH Menu are not normally used for most system configurations. These
are typically reserved for stabilizing extreme overclocks (sub zero). Because these settings
are for hyper specific uses, if used inappropriately, may render the board unbootable.
 XTECH Configuration

MCU Version
Microcontroller Unit
MCU is an IC that manages system operation. The revision will be periodically updated
with the motherboard BIOS, if needed.

Firmware Auto Update
Enable/Disable
This is a firmware for the MCU integrated into the BIOS, so if it differs from the one
flashed on the motherboard, it will auto update during post. During this one-time
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operation system may post longer than usual. Do not power off or reset system during
this phase, or firmware corruption may occur.

PCI-E Compensation Signal
On/Off
At high frequencies you can see phase distortion and loss issues, this can result in
distortion at the receiver input. Frequently seen in PCI-E frequencies above 5 GHz for
GEN2. PCI-E is specific to PCI-E lanes derived from the PCH.

DMI (Direct Media Interface) Compensation Signal
On/Off
The DMI is the interconnect between the Intel Processor and the PCH (Platform
Controller Hub). The high frequencies present in overclocking (especially in extreme
overclocking) can cause signal stability and frequency oscillation, DMI compensation can
help stabilize this byproduct of overclocking.

DMI BIAS level
On/Off
BIASing is the application of DC voltages used to setup a fixed level of current. In this
case BIAS is DC voltage directly applied between two points (CPU and PCH) for the
purpose of controlling a circuit, applying DC BIAS will also yield a reduction of
capacitance. BIAS can direct the amount of current going to other components in a
circuit through transistor amplification, to help avoid and/or correct signal distortion.
The DMI is one component between the CPU and the PCH.

PCI-E BIAS Level
On/Off
BIASing is the application of DC voltages used to setup a fixed level of current. In this
case BIAS is DC voltage directly applied to the SCU (Storage Control Unit) Link for the
purpose of controlling a circuit, applying DC BIAS will also yield a reduction of
capacitance. BIAS can direct the amount of current going to other components in a
circuit through transistor amplification, to help avoid and/or correct signal distortion.
The SCU Uplink is another device between the CPU and PCH, and this controls the 4 PCIE lanes that are pulled and used for storage controllers. This will help prevent storage
controller errors/instability under EXTREME overclocks.

PEG (PCI Express Graphics) Compensation Signal
On/Off
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At high frequencies you can see phase distortion and loss issues, this can result in
distortion at the receiver input. Frequently seen in PCI-E frequencies above 5 GHz.
PEG Compensation Signal is specific to PCI-E lanes derived from CPU.

+12V PCI-E Power Source
24pin power/6 pin PCI-E
This is used to enable the 6pin PCI-E power jack on the lower edge of the board. This is
primarily used to allow cards in 3-way/4-way SLI to draw additional power from the PSU
and balance the load, rather than pull all power directly from the 24 pin.
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 CPU Configuration

CPU Signature
This is the numeric value of the CPU ID

Microcode Patch
Specific CPU Microcode revision that is currently in the BIOS

Max CPU Speed
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This shows the max speed of the CPU accounting for any present overclocks, but does
not account for clocks adjusted via Turbo. Max CPU Speed = (CPU Multiplier X (BCLK
Frequency Setting X BCLK Frequency Ratio)). For example, a i7 4820 has a base
multiplier of 37, a BCLK of 100 (as all do out of the box). (37 X (100 X 1.0))=3.7GHz.

Min CPU Speed
This shows the current minimum CPU speed when the CPU is throttled. (CPU Base
Multiplier X (BCLK Frequency Setting X BCLK Frequency Ratio)). Most socket 2011 CPU’s
have a 12 as the lowest available multiplier.

Intel VT-x Technology
Vanderpool Technology, which is the Intel code/project name for “Intel Virtualization
Technology”.

L1 Data Cache
Level 1 cache is to improve data access speed in cases when the CPU accesses the same
data multiple times.
Shows the amount of cache for this level which is installed (hardwired) within the CPU.

L1 Code Cache
Data that's stored in the instruction cache is generally somewhat different than what's
stored in the data cache -- along with the instructions themselves, there are annotations
for things like where the next instruction starts, to help out the decoders. Some
processors (E.g., Netburst, some SPARCs) use a "trace cache", which stores the result of
decoding an instruction rather than storing the original instruction in its encoded form.
Shows the amount of cache for this level which is installed (hardwired) within the CPU.

L2 Data Cache
Level 2 cache is to reduce data access time in cases where the same data was already
accessed before.
Shows the amount of cache for this level which is installed (hardwired) within the CPU.

L3 Data Cache
Unified Cache shared by all cores
Shows the amount of cache for this level which is installed (hardwired) within the CPU.
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
64 Bit
States whether or not the given CPU can support a 64bit operating system.

EIST
Enhanced Intel Speedstep Technology
Enable/Disable
Allows the system to dynamically adjust processor voltage and core frequency, which
can result in decreased average power consumption and decreased average heat
production, based on level of processor load.

Turbo Mode
Enable/Disable
Allows the CPU to dynamically adjust frequency to accommodate higher than average
processor load to maintain peak performance. (In essence, low level overclocking built
into the CPU).

C1E Enhanced Halt State
Core clock is off. The processor is not executing instructions, but can return to an
executing state almost instantaneously.

CPU C3 Support
Clock generator is off. The processor does not need to keep its cache coherent, but
maintains other states.

CPU C6 Support
Clock generator is off. The processor does not need to keep its cache coherent, but
maintains other states.

CPU C7 Support
The processor enters the package C7 low power state when all cores are in the C7 state
and the L3 cache is completely flushed. The last core to enter the C7 state begins to
shrink the L3 cache until the entire L3 cache has been emptied. This allows for further
power savings.

Package C State Limit
No Limit/Disabled
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
TDC Limit
Thermal Design Current

Long Duration Power Limit
Defines the throttle point for the first layer of CPU power protection. This is a wattage
value set to equal the TDP of the processor by default. This can be adjusted to
accommodate extreme overclocks, typically this does not need to be altered.

Short Duration power Limit
Define the second throttle point for the processor, this is also a wattage value that is by
default set to 1.25 times the TDP, and is a value that according to Intel spec only has to
be sustainable for 10ms. This is a PEAK AND NON-SUSTAINABLE POWER LIMIT.
As with Long Duration, this can be adjusted for extreme overclocks, it is recommended
that the ratio of 1.25 times the Long Duration Power Limit is maintained regardless of
overclocking and adjusted values.

Hyper Threading Technology
Hyper threading is processor core virtualization and functions as additional processing
cores for some applications. This is also why a hex core processor shows up as 12
threads in Windows.

Active Processor Cores
This setting allows the selection of the number of processor cores to enable and make
available for use.

Limit CPUID Maximum
When enabled, this sets the CPUID value to 03h, which assists with using Hyper
threaded CPUs in older operating systems that do not natively support Hyper Threading.

Execute Disable Bit
Hardware-based security feature for protection against malicious software.

Hardware Prefetcher
The hardware prefetcher operates transparently, without programmer intervention, to fetch
streams of data and instruction from memory into the unified second-level cache. The
prefetcher is capable of handling multiple streams in either the forward or backward direction.
It is triggered when successive cache misses occur in the last-level cache and a stride in the
access pattern is detected, such as in the case of loop iterations that access array elements.
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
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch
The Adjacent Cache-Line Prefetch mechanism, like automatic hardware prefetch, operates
without programmer intervention. When enabled through the BIOS, two 64-byte cache lines are
fetched into a 128-byte sector, regardless of whether the additional cache line has been
requested or not. In applications with relatively poor spatial locality, the cache miss ratio is
higher.

DCU Streamer Prefetcher
Data Cache Unit
Prefetching for L1 cache

DCU IP Prefetcher
The IP prefetcher scrutinizes historical reading in order to have an overall diagram and
loads "foreseeable" data in L1 cache. Each core also has one.

Intel Virtualization Technology
Hardware based virtualization built into the CPU, used in conjunction with virtualization
software to create multiple virtual environments/ virtual PC’s within a single PC.

BCLK 125 MHz Quick Setting
Applies a 1.25 multiplier to the BCLK, as well as does some base voltage adjustments to
help stabilize. PCIe clock kept at stock 100 MHz with this setting.
BCLK 133 MHz Quick Setting
Applies a 1.25 multiplier to the BCLK and raised BCLK to 133 MHz, as well as does some
base voltage adjustments to help stabilize. PCIe clock will be 106.4 MHz with this
setting.
BCLK 145 MHz Quick Setting
Applies a 1.66 multiplier to the BCLK and reduces BCLK to 145 MHz, as well as does
some base voltage adjustments to help stabilize. PCIe clock will be 87.3 MHz with this
setting.
BCLK 166 MHz Quick Setting
Applies a 1.66 multiplier to the BCLK, as well as does some base voltage adjustments to
help stabilize. PCIe clock will be 100 MHz with this setting.



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Memory

Target Memory Frequency
Displays the speed of the RAM.
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
XMP#1
Extreme memory profiles are predetermined settings designed to optimize the RAM.
XMP1 will display based on what is available for a specific kit of RAM on this profile.

XMP#2
Extreme memory profiles are predetermined settings designed to optimize the RAM.
XMP2 will display based on what is available for a specific kit of RAM on this profile.

Memory Profiles
The options are Automatic, Manual, and XMP Profile 1 and 2. Automatic is the default
speed set by the BIOS to ensure the system boots initially so correct values can be set.
Typically the frequency will be below advertised, and the latency will be higher, this is
for universal compatibility.
Manual is the option to enter values manually. This option is typically chosen when
running fast memory kits and/or heavy clocking and recommended only for experienced
users.
XMP Profile 1 and 2 are preset settings built into the RAM from the manufacturer.

Memory Frequency
This shows the current speed of the memory.

Memory Latency
Latency is shown and can be adjusted when Memory Profiles is set to Manual mode.
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tCL, tRCD, tRP, tRAS are the latency settings listed on a typical stick of RAM in the
hyphenated section (9-9-9-24, for example). Those numbers on the RAM are entered,
usually in top to bottom order. There are many additional latencies available to adjust
below these. However, these all involve memory controls and are not used in most
cases. Because this is a quad channel board, you will see CH0-3; if memory is not
present in a specific channel related values will be hidden.
 RTL/IOL (Round Trip Latency/Input/Output Latency) Configuration
DRAM RTL and IOL are measured in memory controller clock cycles rather than DRAM
bus cycles. The RTL and IOL parameters define the number of memory controller cycles
that elapse before data is returned to the memory controller after a read CAS command
is issued. The IOL setting works in conjunction with RTL to fine tune DRAM buffer output
latency. Both settings are auto-sensed by the memory controller during the POST
process, and usually not recommended to adjust.
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Manual adjustment should not be necessary unless the system is running speeds in
excess of 2400 MHz or higher BCLKs where some drift may cause read/write leveling.
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
Silent Mode
Enable/Disable
This option toggles the Internal PC Speaker on or off.
 ACPI Settings
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
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
Enable ACPI Auto Configuration
On/Off
Enables ACPI based power saving functions. Enabling or disabling ACPI Auto
Configuration AFTER an OS has been installed may well render the OS unbootable.

Enable Hibernation
On/Off
This references S4 type sleep state, where all information in the RAM is written to
nonvolatile memory such as a Hard Drive and powered down.

ACPI Sleep States
Suspend Disabled
S1 Only (CPU Stop Clock)
S3 Only (Suspend to RAM)
Both S1 and S3 available

EUP Control
Energy Using Product
Enable/Disable
This is a standard primarily used in Europe for systems in a power off state, and controls
the wattage able to be consumed in a power off state, as it needs to be less than or
equal to 1W.
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 Onboard Device Configuration

Bluetooth
On/Off

Marvell SATA RAID
Enable/Disable
Enables the RAID function on the secondary SATA3/6g controller

PCI Express LAN 1 – 82579LM (Local Area Network)
Enable/Disable

PCI Express LAN 2 – 82574L (Local Area Network)
Enable/Disable

Marvell e-SATA
Enable/Disable

USB 3.0 (Rear Port 0, Port 1)
Enable/Disable

USB 3.0 (Rear Port 2, Port 3)
Enable/Disable
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
USB 3.0 (Header Port 4, Port 5)
Enable/Disable

EVGauge Support
On/Off

Azalia HD Audio
On/Off

Azalia Internal HDMI codec
Enable/Disable
 North Bridge

Compatibility RID
Enable/Disable

DRAM RAPL BWLIMIT
DRAM Running Average Power Limit Bandwidth Limit
This is a limiter for average power consumption for the DRAM module. (1 is the
recommended Intel Value).
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
Perfmon and DFX devices
Hide/Unhide
A PerfMon device monitors the activities of a remote system such as disk usage,
memory consumption, and CPU load. A DFX device, usually in the form of a USB
adaptor, can be used to enhance audio performance. These are primarily used for
remote administration.

DRAM RAPL MODE
DRAM Running Average Power Limit Mode
Disable/DRAM RAPL MODE0/DRAM RAPL MODE1
This will Disable or select one of the preconfigured (to Intel specs) power settings for
DRAM average power consumption.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
 IOH Configuration
Input/Output Hub

Intel® I/OAT
Intel Input/Output Acceleration Technology
Enable/Disable
Improve network application responsiveness with more efficient data movement and
reduced system overhead.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

DCA Support
Direct Cache Access
Enable/Disable
This feature allows a capable I/O device, such as a network controller, to place data directly into
CPU cache, reducing cache misses and improving application response times.

Gen3 Equalization WA’s
Enable/Disable
Equalization for PCI-E may also be used to compensate for ripples in the channel that
occur due to reflections from impedance discontinuities. Workarounds are need for
early CPUs, but usually this setting can be kept on default state for retail.

No Snoop Optimization
VC1 or VC0/VCP/VC1
VC1 is Intel default, other setting is generally only recommended for debug uses, as it
tends to cause latency.

CPU PCI-E Port C x8
Auto/x4x4/x8
Either allow the board to allocate PCI-E lanes to the PCI-E-16x slots manually based on
what is installed, or allocate PCI-E resources to the slot and its above 4x PCI-E slot
manually.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

PORT 1A (Slot PE6) speed
Allows the manual selection of which PCI-E Gen the slot is using, although it should
auto-detect based off of the device plugged in.

PORT 1A (Slot PE5) speed
Allows the manual selection of which PCI-E Gen the slot is using, although it should
auto-detect based off of the device plugged in.

CPU PCI-E Port A x16
Allows the forced allocation of PCI-E lanes. Keep in mind this will not allow you to
successfully force a lane allocation that is not possible.

PORT 2C (Slot PE1) speed
Allows the manual selection of which PCI-E Gen the slot is using, although it should
auto-detect based off of the device plugged in.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

PORT 2A (Slot PE2) speed
Allows the manual selection of which PCI-E Gen the slot is using, although it should
auto-detect based off of the device plugged in.

CPU PCI-E Port B X16
Allows the forced allocation of PCI-E lanes. Keep in mind this will not allow you to
successfully force a lane allocation that is not possible.

PORT 3C (Slot PE4) speed
Allows the manual selection of which PCI-E Gen the slot is using, although it should
auto-detect based off of the device plugged in.

PORT 3A (Slot PE3) speed
Allows the manual selection of which PCI-E Gen the slot is using, although it should
auto-detect based off of the device plugged in.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
PORT 1A
Enable/Disable
PORT 1B
Enable/Disable
PORT 2A
Enable/Disable
PORT 2B
Enable/Disable
PORT 2C
Enable/Disable
PORT 2D
Enable/Disable
PORT 3A
Enable/Disable
PORT 3B
Enable/Disable
PORT 3C
Enable/Disable
PORT 3D
Enable/Disable
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
 QPI Configuration

ISOC
Isochronous Mode
Enable/Disable
Enabling the Iscochronous Mode option reduces the credits available for memory traffic.
For memory requests, this option reduces latency at the expense of throughput under
heavy loads.
 SATA Configuration

SATA Mode
Disabled/IDE Mode/AHCI Mode/RAID Mode
This shows the selectable mode options for the Intel SATA controller.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
Disabled – Turns off the controller
IDE Mode – Runs the controller in IDE Emulated legacy mode. Only needed for certain
OLD SATA devices or for compatibility purposes.
AHCI Mode – Advanced Host Controller Interface, this allows for more modern functions
of the controller such as NCQ (Native Command Queueing) and is also needed for
proper function of an SSD.
RAID Mode – Redundant Array of Inexpensive Drives, this opens the RAID (0/1/10/5)
functions on the controller. RAID offers the same functions as AHCI. In general, this is
the safest option, as it will support most legacy features and all AHCI features.
***DO NOT CHANGE THE SATA MODE AFTER YOU HAVE INSTALLED THE OPERATING
SYSTEM, IT WILL BE RENDERED UNBOOTABLE, UNLESS PROPER DRIVER IS
PREINSTALLED FIRST***

SATA Port0
This will display the device currently attached to this port
Port 0 Hot Plug

SATA Port1
This will display the device currently attached to this port
Port 1 Hot Plug
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

SATA Port2
This will display the device currently attached to this port
Port 2 Hot Plug

SATA Port3
This will display the device currently attached to this port
Port 3 Hot Plug

SATA Port4
This will display the device currently attached to this port
Port 4 Hot Plug
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

SATA Port5
This will display the device currently attached to this port
Port 5 Hot Plug
 USB Configuration



USB Devices:
This is the list of what all is currently attached to the USB controllers
USB Beep
Enable/Disable
USB Port0
Enable/Disable
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

USB Port1
Enable/Disable

USB Port2
Enable/Disable

USB Port3
Enable/Disable

USB Port4
Enable/Disable

USB Port5
Enable/Disable

USB Port6
Enable/Disable

USB Port7
Enable/Disable

USB Port8
Enable/Disable

USB Port9
Enable/Disable

USB Mass Storage Driver Support
Enable/Disable

USB Transfer Time-out
1sec/5sec/10sec/20sec
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
Time delay after plugging in a USB device before a time-out occurs

Device Reset time-out
10sec/20sec/30sec/40sec

Device Power-up delay
Auto/Manual

Mass Storage Devices
This will display any thumb drives, optical devices, external USB HDD’s, etc below that
are currently attached to the system.
 H/W Monitor
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

System Temperature






JCPU_FAN1
JCHA_FAN
JSYS1_FAN
JSYS2_FAN
JSYS3_FAN
JAUX_FAN1
Values are live voltages taken from internal monitoring components. Most values will
vary, this is normal, and also be different in Windows and under load.
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard







System Date
System Time
Admin Password
User Password
Bootup NumLock State
On/Off
Enables/Disables the keyboard number lock (for 10 key pad) status at POST
Quiet Boot
On/Off
Fast Boot
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
Enable/Disable








1st Boot device
2nd Boot device
3rd Boot device
4th Boot device
5th Boot device
6th Boot device
7th Boot device
8th Boot device
All of the boot priority options will carry the same options field.
 CSM16 Parameters
Compatibility Support Module
CSM is a part of UEFI that offers backwards compatibility for older BIOS functions and
Option ROMs.

Option ROM Messages
This is the display mode for Option ROM
Force BIOS/Keep Current
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

INIT19 Trap Response
INIT19 is the decimal value for interrupt 0x13, which controls option ROM interface.
Immediate/Postponed
Immediate will launch this function during post, postponed will be during Legacy Boot.
 CSM Parameters
Compatibility Support Module
CSM translates the information generated under the EFI environment into the information
required by the legacy environment and makes the legacy BIOS services available for booting to
the operating system and for use in runtime.
Storage option ROM need to be enabled to allow usage of external storage/RAID
controllers, such as PCIe SAS cards.

Launch CSM
Enable/Disable
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard

Boot Option Filter

Launch PXE OpROM Policy

Launch Storage OpROM policy

Launch Video OpROM policy

Other PCI device ROM priority
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
 Hard Disk Drive BBS Priorities

1st Boot Device
This will show all bootable HDDs/SSDs present.
 USB Key Drive BBS Priorities

1st Boot Device
This will show all bootable USB Key devices
 UEFI Boot Drive BBS Priorities

1st Boot Device
This will show all bootable UEFI drives
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EVGA X79 Dark Motherboard
This screen is more informational, this is the menu for saving BIOS changes as well as profiles,
for things such as overclocks.
The Boot Override is a list of currently bootable devices plugged in.
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