SGI | Ethernet Card | User`s guide | SGI Ethernet Card User`s guide

SGI® Altix® Systems Dual-Port Gigabit
Ethernet PCI Express Board User’s Guide
007-5472-001
COPYRIGHT
© 2008, Silicon Graphics, Inc. All rights reserved; provided portions may be copyright in third parties, as indicated elsewhere herein. No
permission is granted to copy, distribute, or create derivative works from the contents of this electronic documentation in any manner, in whole
or in part, without the prior written permission of Silicon Graphics, Inc.
LIMITED RIGHTS LEGEND
The software described in this document is “commercial computer software” provided with restricted rights (except as to included open/free
source) as specified in the FAR 52.227-19 and/or the DFAR 227.7202, or successive sections. Use beyond license provisions is a violation of
worldwide intellectual property laws, treaties and conventions. This document is provided with limited rights as defined in 52.227-14.
TRADEMARKS AND ATTRIBUTIONS
Silicon Graphics, SGI, the SGI logo, and Altix are registered trademarks, and SGI ProPack is a trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc., in the United
States and/or other countries worldwide.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.
FCC WARNING
This equipment has been tested and found compliant with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These
limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at personal expense.
ATTENTION
This product requires the use of external shielded cables in order to maintain compliance pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
VDE 0871/6.78
This equipment has been tested to and is in compliance with the Level A limits per VDE 0871.
EUROPEAN UNION STATEMENT
This device complies with the European Directives listed on the “Declaration of Conformity” which is included with each product. The CE mark
insignia displayed on the device is an indication of conformity to the aforementioned European requirements.
TUV
R
geprufte
Sicherheit
NRTL/C
International Special Committee on Radio Interference (CISPR)
This equipment has been tested to and is in compliance with the Class A limits per CISPR publication 22.
Canadian Department of Communications Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the Radio Interference
Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Attention
Cet appareil numérique n’émet pas de perturbations radioélectriques dépassant les normes applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe A
préscrites dans le Règlement sur les interferences radioélectriques etabli par le Ministère des Communications du Canada.
Japanese Compliance Statement
Compliance Statement in Chinese
Record of Revision
Version
Description
001
March 2008
Initial release.
007-5472-001
v
Contents
Figures .
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. ix
Tables .
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. xi
About this book . . . . . . .
Important Information . . . . .
Chapter Descriptions . . . . . .
Related Publications . . . . . .
SGI Altix Hardware Documentation
Conventions . . . . . . . .
Product Support . . . . . . .
Reader Comments . . . . . . .
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. xiii
. xiii
. xiv
. xiv
. xiv
. xvi
xvii
xvii
1.
Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board Features and Capabilities
Board Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fiber-Optic Board Features . . . . . . . . . .
Copper Board Features . . . . . . . . . . .
Cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fiber-Optic Board Cabling . . . . . . . . . .
Copper Board Cabling . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1
2
2
5
7
8
9
9
2.
Connecting the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board to a Network
Installing the Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting to the Network . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Fiber-Optic Board . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Copper Board . . . . . . . . . .
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11
11
12
12
13
14
007-5472-001
vii
Contents
3.
Operating the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
Verifying Functionality . . . . . . . .
Using LEDs to Determine Board Functionality
Verifying Board Recognition . . . . . .
Verifying Board Configuration and Enabling .
Resetting the Board. . . . . . . . . .
Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . .
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. 15
. 15
. 16
. 17
. 17
. 19
. 19
A.
Specifications . . . . . . . . . .
Physical and Performance Characteristics . .
General Technical Specifications . . . . .
Copper Board Technical Specifications . .
Fiber-Optic Board Technical Specifications .
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. 21
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. 26
Glossary .
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. 33
Index.
viii
007-5472-001
Figures
Figure 1-1
Figure 1-2
Figure 2-1
Figure 2-2
007-5472-001
Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
Copper Gigabit Ethernet Board . . . . .
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Connecting the Fiber-Optic Cable
Connecting the Copper Cable . .
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. 13
. 14
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4
7
ix
Tables
Table 1-1
Table 1-2
Table 1-3
Table 1-4
Table 3-1
Table 3-2
Table A-1
Table A-2
Table A-3
Table A-4
Table A-5
Table A-6
007-5472-001
SGI 62.5-Micron Cable Options for Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet.
Fiber-Optic Operating Range, 1000-BASE-SX Standard . . .
.
.
8
8
SGI Twisted Pair Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LEDs on the Fiber-optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board . . .
LEDs on the Copper Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board . . . .
Copper Gigabit Ethernet Tech. Specs. - (1000Base-T) Adapters . .
Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet Tech Specs. - (1000Base-SX) Adapters.
Copper Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications .
Copper Bord LEDs / Connector Specifications . . . . . .
Fiber-optic Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Fiber-Optic Bord LEDs / Connector Specifications . . . . .
9
9
16
17
21
22
22
26
26
29
xi
About this book
This guide describes the two versions of the dual-port Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express
board, shows you how to connect the boards to an Ethernet network, and explains how
to operate the boards.
You can use the dual-port Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board to replace the built-in
Ethernet network adapter in your system, or use it in addition to your current adapter.
This guide is written for users of the dual-port Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board. It is
assumed that you have general knowledge of Ethernet networks and the system in
which the board is installed.
Important Information
Warning: Never look into the end of a fiber optic cable to confirm that light is being
!
emitted (or for any other reason). Most fiber optic laser wavelengths (1300 nm and
1550 nm) are invisible to the eye and cause permanent eye damage. Shorter
wavelength lasers (for example, 780 nm) are visible and can cause significant eye
damage. Use only an optical power meter to verify light output.
Warning: Never look into the end of a fiber optic cable on a powered device with
!
007-5472-001
any type of magnifying device, such as a microscope, eye loupe, or magnifying glass.
Such activity causes cause a permanent burn on the retina of the eye. Optical signal
cannot be determined by looking into the fiber end.
xiii
About this book
Chapter Descriptions
This guide contains the following chapters:
•
Chapter 1, “Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board Features and Capabilities,”
summarizes board features, lists the protocols and interfaces with which the board
is compatible, and gives board configuration limits for various systems.
•
Chapter 2, “Connecting the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board to a Network,”
shows you how to connect the Gigabit Ethernet board to your network.
•
Chapter 3, “Operating the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board,” explains how to
verify installation of the board and software, how to reset the board, how to set
parameters to improve performance, and how to set configuration parameters.
•
Appendix A, “Specifications”, summarizes the physical and performance
characteristics, environmental information, and operating ranges of the board.
A glossary and an index complete this guide.
Related Publications
This guide is part of a document set that fully supports the installation, operation, and
service of the dual-port Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board. For more information about
installing and servicing the dual-port Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board, see the user’s
guide for the system in which the board is installed.
SGI Altix Hardware Documentation
The following is a list of hardware documentation available from SGI that describes SGI
Altix systems.
xiv
007-5472-001
About this book
•
SGI Altix 450 System User’s Guide
Provides an overview of the Altix 450 system components, and it describes how to
set up and operate this system
•
SGI Altix 4700 User’s Guide
This guide provides an overview of the architecture and descriptions of the major
components that compose the SGI Altix 4700 family of servers. It also provides the
standard procedures for powering on and powering off the system, basic
troubleshooting information, and important safety and regulatory specifications.
•
SGI Altix ICE 8200 Series System Hardware User’s Guide
Describes the features of the SGI Alitx ICE 8200 series systems as well as
troubleshooting, upgrading, and repairing.
Describes the features of the Altix ICE 8200 server system as well as
troubleshooting, upgrading, and repairing.
•
SGI Altix XE210 System User’s Guide
Describes the features of the Altix XE210 server system as well as troubleshooting,
upgrading, and repairing.
•
SGI Altix XE240 System User’s Guide
Describes the features of the Altix XE240 server system as well as troubleshooting,
upgrading, and repairing.
•
SGI Altix XE250 System User’s Guide
Describes the features of the Altix XE250 server system as well as troubleshooting,
upgrading, and repairing.
•
SGI Altix XE310 System User’s Guide
Describes the features of the Altix XE 310 server system as well as troubleshooting,
upgrading, and repairing.
•
SGI Altix XE320 System User’s Guide
Describes the features of the Altix XE 320 server system as well as troubleshooting,
upgrading, and repairing.
You can obtain SGI documentation, release notes, or man pages in the following ways:
007-5472-001
•
See the SGI Technical Publications Library at http://docs.sgi.com. Various formats
are available. This library contains the most recent and most comprehensive set of
online books, release notes, man pages, and other information.
•
For the latest information about software and documentation for your SGI ProPack
software release, see the release notes that are in a file named README.TXT that is
available in /docs directory on the SGI ProPack 5 for Linux CD.
xv
About this book
•
You can also view man pages by typing man <title> on a command line.
For example, to display the man page for the apropos command, type the following on
a command line:
man apropos
Important system configuration files and commands are documented on man pages.
References in the documentation to these pages include the name of the command and
the section number in which the command is found. For example, “apropos(1)” refers to
the apropos command and indicates that it is found in section 1 of Linux man pages.
For additional information about displaying reference pages using the man command,
see man(1).
Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this document:
xvi
Convention
Meaning
Command
This fixed-space font denotes literal items such as commands, files,
routines, path names, signals, messages, and programming language
structures.
variable
The italic typeface denotes variable entries and words or concepts
being defined. Italic typeface also is used for book titles.
user input
This bold, fixed-space font denotes literal items that the user enters
in interactive sessions. Output is shown in nonbold, fixed-space font.
[]
Brackets enclose optional portions of a command or directive line.
...
Ellipses indicate that a preceding element can be repeated.
man page(x)
Man page section identifiers appear in parentheses after man page
names.
GUI element
This font denotes the names of graphical user interface (GUI)
elements such as windows, screens, dialog boxes, menus, toolbars,
icons, buttons, boxes, fields, and lists.
007-5472-001
About this book
Product Support
SGI provides a comprehensive product support and maintenance program for its
products:
•
If you are in North America, contact the Technical Assistance Center at
+1 800 800 4SGI or contact your authorized service provider.
•
If you are outside North America, contact the SGI subsidiary or authorized
distributor in your country.
Reader Comments
If you have comments about the technical accuracy, content, or organization of this
document, contact SGI. Be sure to include the title and document number of the manual
with your comments. (Online, the document number is located in the front matter of the
manual. In printed manuals, the document number is located at the bottom of each
page.)
You can contact SGI in any of the following ways:
•
Send e-mail to the following address:
techpubs@sgi.com
•
Use the Feedback option on the Technical Publications Library Web page:
http://docs.sgi.com
•
Contact your customer service representative and ask that an incident be filed in the
SGI incident tracking system.
•
Send mail to the following address:
Technical Publications
SGI
1140 East Arques Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94085-4602
SGI values your comments and will respond to them promptly.
007-5472-001
xvii
Chapter 1
1. Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board Features and
Capabilities
Gigabit Ethernet is technology that allows computer systems to communicate at speeds
up to 1 gigabit per second (Gbps).
This board is supported in the following systems:
•
SGI Altix XE210
•
SGI Altix XE240
•
SGI Altix XE250
•
SGI Altix XE310
•
SGI Altix XE320
•
SGI Altix ICE 8200
•
SGI Altix 450
•
SGI Altix 4700
Note: Not every Altix system can immediately accept a PCIe card without optional
hardware to support it. For example, an Altix XE210 system needs a specific PCIe riser to
use a PCI Express card. In the case of an SGI Altix 450 and 4700 system, you must have
an optional PCIe blade installed to use a PCI Express card in the system. Consult your
SGI system hardware manual for exact requirements.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
•
•
007-5472-001
“Board Features” on page 2
“Cabling” on page 7
“Configuration Limits” on page 9
1
1: Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board Features and Capabilities
Note: On SGI Altix 450 or 4700 systems, if both ports are run concurrently, one of the
ports will have performance degraded by approximately 40 percent. The Broadcom 5715
GbE controller implementation of a PCIe to PCI bridge is only capable of 40-bit wide
addressing. Ports run individually achieve expected throughput of approximately 940
Mb/s.
Board Features
The Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board is available in two formats: the dual-port
Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet board and the dual-port Copper Gigabit Ethernet board.
These boards are described in the following sections:
•
“Fiber-Optic Board Features” on page 2
•
“Copper Board Features” on page 5
Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet is defined in the IEEE standard P802.3z. The Fiber-Optic
Gigabit Ethernet board is compatible with this approved standard. Copper Gigabit
Ethernet is defined in the IEEE standard P802.3ab. The Copper Gigabit Ethernet board is
compatible with this approved standard.
Fiber-Optic Board Features
The technical specifications for the Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board are
from a technical specification page available at:
http://www.silicom-usa.com/pgx.php?p2=175
The Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board includes these features:
2
•
Host Interface standard support PCI Express 1.0a.
•
High performance, reliability, and low power use in Broadcom 5714 / 5715 / 5704
dual integrated MAC + PHY / SERDES chip controller.
•
Ultra deep packet buffer per channel lowers CPU utilization.
•
Dual high speed RISC processor per channel for advanced packet classification.
007-5472-001
Board Features
•
Hardware acceleration that can offload tasks from the host processor. The
controllers can offload TCP/UDP/IP checksum calculations and TCP segmentation.
•
Server class reliability, availability and performance features:
–
Link Aggregation and Load Balancing:
Switch dependent: 802.3ad (LACP), Generic Trunking ( GEC / FEC)
Switch and NIC Independent.
Failover
•
Priority queuing - 802.1p layer 2 priority encoding.
•
Virtual LANs - 802.1q VLAN tagging.
•
Jumbo Frame (9KB).
•
802.x flow control.
•
Boot ROM embedded or optional can be used for Boot ROM applications.
•
PCI Power Management Interface. (v1.1)
•
Statistics for SNMP MIB II, Ethernet like MIB, and Ethernet MIB (802.3z, Clause 30)
•
LEDs indicators for link/Activity/Speed status.
For full technical specifications of the board, see Appendix A, “Specifications”.
Note: The hardware MAC addresses for the two ports are lowest at the top of the card
and highest at the bottom of the card.
Figure 1-1 shows the dual-port fiber-optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board.
007-5472-001
3
1: Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board Features and Capabilities
Fiber-optic
connector
Figure 1-1
4
Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
007-5472-001
Board Features
Copper Board Features
The technical specifications for the copper Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board are from
a technical specification page available at:
http://www.silicom-usa.com/pgx.php?p2=147
The copper Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board includes these features:
•
Independently Fiber Gigabit Ethernet channel/s support Gigabit Ethernet
1000Base-SX.
•
Small Form Factor (SFF) LC Connectors.
•
Independently copper Gigabit Ethernet channels support six, four, two and one
Gigabit Ethernet (1000Base-T), Fast Ethernet (100Base-Tx) and Ethernet (10Base-T).
•
Triple speed 1000Mbps (1000Base-T), 100 Mbps (100Base-Tx) and 10 Mbps
(100Base-T) operation.
•
Nway auto negotiation automatic sensing and switching between 1Gbps full
duplex and 100 / 10 Mbps operations Simplex or Full Duplex.
•
RJ-45 female connectors.
•
Host Interface standard support PCI Express 1.0a.
•
High performance, reliability, and low power use in Broadcom 5714 / 5715 / 5704
dual integrated MAC + PHY / SERDES chip controller.
•
Ultra deep packet buffer per channel lowers CPU utilization.
•
Dual high speed RISC processor per channel for advanced packet classification.
•
Hardware acceleration that can offload tasks from the host processor. The
controllers can offload TCP/UDP/IP checksum calculations and TCP segmentation.
•
Server class reliability, availability and performance features:
–
Link Aggregation and Load Balancing:
Switch dependent: 802.3ad (LACP), Generic Trunking ( GEC / FEC)
Switch and NIC Independent.
Failover
007-5472-001
•
Priority queuing - 802.1p layer 2 priority encoding.
•
Virtual LANs - 802.1q VLAN tagging.
5
1: Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board Features and Capabilities
•
Jumbo Frame (9KB).
•
802.x flow control.
•
Boot ROM embedded or optional can be used for Boot ROM applications.
•
PCI Power Management Interface. (v1.1)
•
Statistics for SNMP MIB II, Ethernet like MIB, and Ethernet MIB (802.3z, Clause 30)
•
LEDs indicators for link/Activity/Speed status.
Note: The hardware MAC addresses for the two ports are lowest at the top of the card
and highest at the bottom of the card.
For full technical specifications of the board, see Appendix A, “Specifications”.
6
007-5472-001
Cabling
Figure 1-2 shows the quad-port Copper Gigabit Ethernet board.
RJ45 connector
Figure 1-2
Copper Gigabit Ethernet Board
Cabling
The cabling for the Gigabit Ethernet board is described in the following sections:
007-5472-001
•
“Fiber-Optic Board Cabling” on page 8
•
“Copper Board Cabling” on page 9
7
Fiber-Optic Board Cabling
The fiber-optic Gigabit Ethernet board is connected to the network using fiber-optic
cable. The cable, which is not included in the shipment, must be a 50-micron or
62.5-micron multimode duplex cable with an LC connector.
Table 1-1 lists SGI fiber-optic cables.
Table 1-1
SGI 62.5-Micron Cable Options for Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet
Length
Marketing Code
3 m (9.8 ft)
X-F-OPT-3M
10 m (39.3 ft)
X-F-OPT-10M
25 m (82 ft)
X-F-OPT-25M
100 m (328 ft)
X-F-OPT-100M
Table 1-2 lists operating ranges for 50-micron and 62.5-micron cables for a 1000-BASE-SX
port. Fiber type is MM.
Table 1-2
Fiber-Optic Operating Range, 1000-BASE-SX Standard
Diameter (Microns)
Modal Bandwidth (MHz * km)
Range (Meters)
62.5
160
2 to 220a
62.5
200
2 to 275b
50
400
2 to 500
5
500
2 to 550c
a. The TIA 568 building wiring standard specifies 160/500 MHz * km multimode fiber.
b. The international ISO/IEC 11801 building wiring standard specifies 200/500 MHz * km
multimode fiber.
c. The ANSI Fibre Channel specification specifies 500/500 MHz * km 50 micron multimode
fiber, and 500/500 MHz * km fiber has been proposed for addition to ISO/IEC 11801.
This card only supports 1000-Base-SX.
Configuration Limits
Copper Board Cabling
The Copper Gigabit Ethernet board is implemented using twisted pair cable. The cable,
which is not included in the shipment, must be Category-5 cable plant (4-pair) with an
RJ45 UTP connector at each end. Table 1-3 lists the SGI twisted pair cables. The operating
range for 1000-Base-T is up to 100 m (328 ft).
Table 1-3
SGI Twisted Pair Cable
Length
Marketing Code
6 feet
CBL-GBE-RJ45-06FT-Z
10 feet
CBL-GBE-RJ45-10FT-Z
15 feet
CBL-GBE-RJ45-15FT-Z
25 feet
CBL-GBE-RJ45-25FT-Z
50 feet
CBL-GBE-RJ45-50FT-Z
To achieve the longer distances available with 1000-Base-T, use a switch with 1000-Base-T
ports.
Configuration Limits
Table 1-4 summarizes the configuration limits for the Fiber-Optic and Copper Gigabit
Ethernet PCI Express boards.
Table 1-4
007-5472-001
Configuration Limits
System
Maximum Per
Bus
Maximum Number of Boards
Altix XE210
1
1
Altix XE240
1
2 with a PCI-x riser, 4 with a
PCI-E riser
Altix XE250
4
4
Altix XE310
1
1
9
1: Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board Features and Capabilities
Table 1-4
10
Configuration Limits
System
Maximum Per
Bus
Maximum Number of Boards
Altix XE320
1
1
Altix 450
1
16
Altix ICE 8200
1
4
Altix 4700
1
16
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Chapter 2
2. Connecting the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
to a Network
This chapter shows you how to connect the fiber-optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express
board or the copper Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board to a network, and how to
configure your system for the board.
Following is a description of each section:
•
“Installing the Board” on page 11
•
“Connecting to the Network” on page 12
Installing the Board
The installation instructions for the Gigabit Ethernet board are different for different
systems. Refer to the following sources for installation instructions:
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•
Altix XE210: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or owner’s
guide that came with your system.
•
Altix XE240: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or owner’s
guide that came with your system.
•
Altix XE250: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or owner’s
guide that came with your system.
•
Altix XE310: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or owner’s
guide that came with your system.
•
Altix XE320: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or owner’s
guide that came with your system.
•
Altix ICE 8200: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or
owner’s guide that came with your system.
11
2: Connecting the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board to a Network
•
Altix ICE 8400: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or
owner’s guide that came with your system.
•
Altix 450: See the instructions for installing a PCI-E card in the user’s or owner’s
guide that came with your system.
•
Altix 4700: Your Gigabit Ethernet board must be installed by an SGI certified service
provider.
Connecting to the Network
This section shows you how to connect the Gigabit Ethernet board to a network in the
following sections:
•
“Connecting the Fiber-Optic Board” on page 12
•
“Connecting the Copper Board” on page 13
Connecting the Fiber-Optic Board
To connect your fiber-optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board to a network, insert the
LC connector on one end of the fiber-optic cable into the Gigabit Ethernet board, as
shown in Figure 2-1. Ensure that the connector is inserted completely into the jack. Then
insert the connector on the other end of the fiber-optic cable into the connector on the
Ethernet switch, or another computer system (as appropriate).
Note: If your network connects to an Ethernet switch, consult the operating manual for
the switch to ensure that the switch port is enabled and configured correctly.
12
007-5472-001
Connecting to the Network
Fiber-optic
connector
Figure 2-1
Connecting the Fiber-Optic Cable
Connecting the Copper Board
To connect your copper Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board to a network, insert the RJ45
connector on one end of the copper cable into the Gigabit Ethernet board, as shown in
Figure 2-2. Make sure the connector is inserted completely into the jack, and then insert
the connector on the other end of the copper cable into the jack on the Ethernet switch,
or another computer system (as appropriate).
Note: If your network connects to an Ethernet switch, consult the operating manual for
the switch to ensure that the switch port is enabled and configured correctly.
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13
2: Connecting the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board to a Network
RJ45 connector
Figure 2-2
14
Connecting the Copper Cable
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Chapter 3
3. Operating the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
This chapter describes various issues that may occur when using a Gigabit Ethernet
network. It includes the following sections:
•
“Verifying Functionality” on page 15
•
“Resetting the Board” on page 19
•
“Configuration Parameters” on page 19
Verifying Functionality
This section explains the following:
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•
“Using LEDs to Determine Board Functionality” on page 16
•
“Verifying Board Recognition” on page 17
•
“Verifying Board Configuration and Enabling” on page 17
15
3: Operating the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
Using LEDs to Determine Board Functionality
The fiber-optic and copper Gigabit Ethernet boards have light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
that indicate whether the board is configured correctly and connected to an active
Ethernet, as discussed in the following sections.
Fiber-Optic Board LEDs and Connector Specifications
Table 3-1 describes the functions of these LEDs.
Table 3-1
LEDs on the Fiber-optic Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
Components
Purpose
LEDs
One LED per port
Link/Activity: Turns on link, blinks on activity (green)
LEDs are located on the Fiber-Optic board visible through holes in the
metal bracket holder.
Connectors
small form factor (SFF) LC
During normal operation, the link LED is on; the data LED blinks whenever the board is
receiving traffic.
Copper Board LEDs
The copper Gigabit Ethernet board has three LEDs per ports. Table 3-2 describes the
functions of these LEDs.
16
007-5472-001
Verifying Functionality
Table 3-2
Components
LEDs
LEDs on the Copper Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
Purpose
Three LEDs per port
Link/Activity: Turns on any link speed, blinks on activity (green)
100Mbits/s: Turns on 100 Mbit/s link (green)
1000 Mbits/s: Turns on 1000 Mbit/s link (green)
LEDs are located on the Copper board visible through holes in the
metal bracket holder.
Connectors
Four shielded RJ-45
Verifying Board Recognition
To verify that the operating system has located the Gigabit Ethernet board, use the Linux
PCI utilities lspci(8) command, as follows:
% lspci
...
0b:04.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5715 Gigabit Ethernet (rev a3)
0b:04.1 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5715 Gigabit Ethernet (rev a3)
In 0b:04.0 Ethernet controller identification, 0b is the bus number, 04 is the
slot number, and 0 is the port, respectively.
Verifying Board Configuration and Enabling
Use the installation tool that comes with your operating system to install and configure
the Ethernet board.
You can use the ifconfig -a command to verify the configuration information, as
follows:
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17
3: Operating the Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express Board
systemA:~ # ifconfig -a
eth0
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:04:23:D3:A2:E8
UP BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)
Base address:0x3020 Memory:b9160000-b9180000
eth1
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:E0:ED:08:F4:D4
BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)
Interrupt:169
eth2
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:E0:ED:08:F4:D5
BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)
Interrupt:90
eth3
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:04:23:D3:A2:E9
BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)
Base address:0x3000 Memory:b9120000-b9140000
eth4
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:04:23:D9:4C:1C
inet addr:128.162.246.41 Bcast:128.162.246.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: fe80::204:23ff:fed9:4c1c/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:1689 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:857 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:100
RX bytes:344382 (336.3 KiB) TX bytes:101929 (99.5 KiB)
Base address:0x2020 Memory:b9020000-b9040000
eth5
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:04:23:D9:4C:1D
BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)
Base address:0x2000 Memory:b9000000-b9020000
ib0
Link encap:InfiniBand HWaddr 00:00:04:04:FE:80:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00
BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:2044 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:128
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)
lo
Link encap:Local Loopback
inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
18
007-5472-001
Resetting the Board
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1
RX packets:153 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:153 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:11259 (10.9 KiB) TX bytes:11259 (10.9 KiB)
sit0
Link encap:IPv6-in-IPv4
NOARP MTU:1480 Metric:1
RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)
For more information on ifconfig, see the ifconfig(8) man page.
Resetting the Board
In the unlikely event that you need to reset the fiber-optic or copper Gigabit Ethernet
board, enter the following:
ifconfig <interface> down
ifconfig <interface> up
where interface is name of the interface. This is usually a driver name followed by a
unit number, for example, ifconfig eth0 down, for the first Ethernet interface.
For more information on ifconfig, see the ifconfig(8) man page.
Configuration Parameters
Configuration changes for Ethernet devices drivers are made by means of the
ethtool(8) command. The ethtool command works with all Linux Ethernet drivers.
In general, each feature has a query and a modify variant. If you are wondering
whether the current driver and ethtool support a specific feature, attempt to run the
query option first, an example is, as follows:
# ethtool -a eth0
Pause parameters for eth0:
Autonegotiate: on
RX:
on
TX:
on
007-5472-001
19
This shows the current settings of the pause (or flow control) parameters. You can then
change these parameters with the ethtool -A option.
As with any system configuration changes, make sure to have a back out strategy, read
the most recent documentation for potential changes and pitfalls, and consult with a
relevant Linux archives for examples of common usage.
Appendix A
A. Specifications
This appendix provides the following information:
•
“Physical and Performance Characteristics” on page 21
•
“General Technical Specifications” on page 22
Physical and Performance Characteristics
Table A-1 summarizes the physical and performance characteristics for the copper board.
Table A-1
Copper Gigabit Ethernet Tech. Specs. - (1000Base-T) Adapters
Characteristic
Value
IEEE Standard / Network
topology:
Gigabit Ethernet, 1000Base-T
Fast Ethernet, 100Base-TX
Ethernet, 10Base-T
Full duplex / Simplex
Supports both Simplex & Full duplex operation in all
operating speeds
Auto negotiation:
Auto-negotiation between Full duplex and simplex
operations and between 10Mb/s and 100Mb/s speeds and
duplex 1000Mb/s speeds.
Data Transfer Rate:
1000 Mbit/s, 100 Mbit/s, and 10 Mbits/sec in simplex mode
per port.
2000Mbit/s 200 and 20 Mbit/s in full duplex mode per port.
Cables and Operating distance
10Base-T Category 3, 4, or 5 maximum 100m
100Base-Tx Category 5 maximum 100m
1000Base-T Category 5E maximum 100m
007-5472-001
21
A: Specifications
Table A-2 summarizes the physical and performance characteristics for the fiber-optic
board.
Table A-2
Fiber-Optic Gigabit Ethernet Tech Specs. - (1000Base-SX) Adapters
Characteristic
Value
IEEE Standard / Network
topology:
Fiber Gigabit Ethernet, 1000Base-SX (850nM)
Data Transfer Rate:
2000Mbit/s in full duplex mode per port
Cables and Operating distance:
Multimode fiber:
220m at 62.5 um
550m at 50 um
Optical Output Power:
Typical: -6 dBm
Minimum: -9.5 dBm
Optical Receive Sensitivity:
Typical: -21 dBm
Maximum: -17 dBm
General Technical Specifications
This section describes general technical specifications for the copper board and
fiber-optic board.
Copper Board Technical Specifications
Table A-3 provides the general technical specifications the copper boards.
Table A-3
22
Copper Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
Interface Standard:
PCI Express Base Specification Revision 1.0
Board Size:
Low profile Short PCI Add in card 167.74mm X 63.5 mm (6.6"
X 2.5")
007-5472-001
General Technical Specifications
Table A-3
Copper Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
PCI Express Card Type
X4 Lane
PCI Express Voltage:
+3.3V +-9%,
PCI Connector:
X4 Lane
Controllers:
Broadcom BCM5715C
Holder:
Metal Bracket
Weight:
80 gram (2.82 oz)
Power Consumption:
1.97A at 3.3V: Typical, port operates at 1000Mbit/s.
1.31A at 3.3V: Typical, port operates at 100Mbit/s.
1.14A at 3.3V: Typical, port operates at 100Mbit/s.
1.23A at 3.3V: Typical, No link
007-5472-001
Operating Humidity:
0% - 90%, non-condensing
Operating Temperature:
0˚C - 50˚C (32˚F - 122˚F)
Storage:
-20˚C - 65˚C (-4˚F - 149˚F)
23
A: Specifications
Table A-3
Copper Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
EMC Certifications:
FCC Part 15, Subpart B Class B
Conducted Emissions
Radiated Emissions
CE EN 55022: 1998 Class B Amendments A1: 2000; A2: 2003
Conducted Emissions
Radiated Emissions
CE EN 55024: 1998 Amendments A1: 2000; A2: 2003
Immunity for ITE Amendment A1: 2001
CE EN 61000-3-2 2000, Class A
Harmonic Current Emissions
CE EN 61000 3-3 1995, Amendment A1: 2001
Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker
CE IEC 6100-4-2: 1995
ESD Air Discharge 8kV. Contact Discharge 4kV.
CE IEC 6100-4-3:1995
Radiated Immunity (80-1000Mhz), 3V/m 80% A.M. by 1kHz
CE IEC 6100-4-4:1995
EFT/B: Immunity to electrical fast transients 1kV Power
Leads, 0.5Kv Signals Leads
CE IEC 6100-4-5:1995
Immunity to conductive surges COM Mode; 2kV,
Dif. Mode 1kV
CE IEC 6100-4-6:1996
Conducted immunity (0.15-80 MHz) 3VRMS 80% A.M.
By 1kHz
CE IEC 6100-4-11:1994
Voltage Dips and Short Interruptions
V reduc >95%, 30% >95% Duration 0.5per, 25per, 250per
24
007-5472-001
General Technical Specifications
Table A-3
Copper Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
EMC Certifications:
CE EN 55022: 1998 Class B: Amendment A1 2000, A2 2003
Conducted Emissions
Radiated Emissions
CE EN 55024: 1998 Amendment A1: 2001, Amendment A2:
2003
Immunity for ITE
CE EN 61000-3-2 2000
Harmonic Current Emissions
CE EN 61000 3-3
Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker
CE IEC 6100-4-2: 1995
ESDAirDischarge8kV.ContactDischarge4kV.
CE IEC 6100-4-3:1995
Radiated Immunity (80-1000Mhz), 3V/m 80% A.M. by
1kHz
CE IEC 6100-4-4:1995
EFT/B: Immunity to electrical fast transients 1kV Power
Leads, 0.5Kv Signals Leads
CE IEC 6100-4-5:1995
Immunity to conductive surges COM Mode; 2kV,
Dif. Mode 1kV
CE IEC 6100-4-6:1996
Conducted immunity (0.15-80 MHz) 3VRMS 80% A.M.
By 1kHz
CE IEC 6100-4-11:1994
Voltage Dips and Short Interruptions
V educe >95%, 30% >95% Duration 0.5per, 25per, 250per
007-5472-001
25
A: Specifications
Table A-3
Copper Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
MTBF:
213 (Years)
*According to Telcordia SR-332 Issue 1
Environmental condition ? GB (Ground, Fixed, Controlled).
Ambient temperature - 25˚C. Temperature rise of 10˚C above
the system ambient temperature was assumed for the cards
components.
Table A-4 summarizes the LEDs and connector specifications for the copper board.
Table A-4
Copper Bord LEDs / Connector Specifications
Characteristic
Value
LEDs:
(3) LEDs per port
Link Activity: Turns on any link speed, blinks on activity
(green).
100Mbits/s: Turns on 100 Mbit/s link (green).
1000Mbit/s: Turn on 1000 Mbit/s link (green).
LEDs location:
LEDs are located on the PCB, visible via holes in the metal
bracket holder
Connectors:
(2) Shielded RJ-45
Fiber-Optic Board Technical Specifications
Table A-5 provides the general technical specifications for the fiber-optic board.
.
Table A-5
26
Fiber-optic Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
Interface Standard:
PCI Express Base Specification Revision 1.0
Board Size:
Low profile Short PCI Add in card 167.74mm X 63.5 mm (6.6"
X 2.5")
007-5472-001
General Technical Specifications
Table A-5
Fiber-optic Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
PCI Express Card Type
X4 Lane
PCI Express Voltage:
+3.3V +-9%
PCI Connector:
X4 Lane
Controllers:
Broadcom BCM5715S
Holder:
Metal Bracket
Weight:
90 gram (3.2 oz)
Power Consumption:
1.55A at 3.3V: Typical, port operates at 1000Mbit/s.
1.5A at 3.3V: Typical, No link.
Operating Temperature:
0˚C - 50˚C (32˚F - 122˚F)
Storage:
-20˚C - 65˚C (-4˚F - 149˚F
EMC Certifications:
FCC Part 15, Subpart B Class B
Conducted Emissions
Radiated Emissions
007-5472-001
27
A: Specifications
Table A-5
Fiber-optic Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
EMC Certifications:
FCC Part 15, Subpart B Class B
Conducted Emissions
Radiated Emissions
CE EN 55022: 1998 Class B Amendments A1: 2000; A2: 2003
Conducted Emissions
Radiated Emissions
CE EN 55024: 1998 Amendments A1: 2000; A2: 2003
Immunity for ITE Amendment A1: 2001
CE EN 61000-3-2 2000, Class A
Harmonic Current Emissions
CE EN 61000 3-3 1995, Amendment A1: 2001
Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker
CE IEC 6100-4-2: 1995
ESD Air Discharge 8kV. Contact Discharge 4kV.
CE IEC 6100-4-3:1995
Radiated Immunity (80-1000Mhz), 3V/m 80% A.M. by 1kHz
CE IEC 6100-4-4:1995
EFT/B: Immunity to electrical fast transients 1kV Power
Leads, 0.5Kv Signals Leads
CE IEC 6100-4-5:1995
Immunity to conductive surges COM Mode; 2kV,
Dif. Mode 1kV
CE IEC 6100-4-6:1996
Conducted immunity (0.15-80 MHz) 3VRMS 80% A.M.
By 1kHz
CE IEC 6100-4-11:1994
Voltage Dips and Short Interruptions
V reduc >95%, 30% >95% Duration 0.5per, 25per, 250per
28
007-5472-001
General Technical Specifications
Table A-5
Fiber-optic Board Gigabit Ethernet General Technical Specifications
Specification
Description
MTBF*:
136 (Years)
*According to Telcordia SR-332 Issue 1
Environmental condition ? GB (Ground, Fixed, Controlled).
Ambient temperature - 25˚C. Temperature rise of 10˚C above
the system ambient temperature was assumed for the cards
components (except for the optical transceivers). Temperature
rise of 15˚C was assumed for the optical transceivers.
Table A-6 summarizes the LEDs and connector specifications for the fiber-optic board.
Table A-6
Characteristic
LEDs:
Fiber-Optic Bord LEDs / Connector Specifications
Value
(2) LEDs per port
Link: Turns on link (green).
Act: Blinks on activity (green).
007-5472-001
LEDs location:
LEDs are located on the PCB, visible via holes in the metal
bracket holder
Connectors:
Small Form Factor (SFF) LC
29
Glossary
acknowledge (Ack) packet
The Ack packet informs the PE that initiated a message that the destination PE accepted
the message.
autonegotiation
The process by which two computers (or a computer and a switch) connected by Gigabit
Ethernet determine the speed and other parameters with which they will communicate.
CD-ROM (CD)
A flat metallic disk that contains information that you can view and copy onto your own
hard disk; you cannot change or add to the disk. CD-ROM is an abbreviation for compact
disc read-only memory.
Ethernet
A communication network used to connect computers.
gigabit
A communication rate of 2^30 bits per second.
host
Any system connected to the network.
hostname
The name that uniquely identifies each host (system) on the network.
IP address
A number that uniquely identifies each host (system) on a TCP/IP network..
LED
Light-emitting diode, a light on a piece of hardware that indicates status or error
conditions.
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31
Glossary
MAC
Medium access control, also called the physical layer.
MAC address
The physical address of the Gigabit Ethernet board, which is distinct from the IP address.
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit is a configuration parameter that controls the size of the
Ethernet frames that the Gigabit Ethernet board can transmit and receive.
man (manual) page
An online document that describes how to use a particular Linux command. Also called
reference page.
NIS
Network Information Service, a distributed database mechanism for user accounts, host
names, mail aliases, and so on.
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect, a bus specification. The PCI bus is a
high-performance local bus used to connect peripherals to memory and a
microprocessor. Many vendors offer devices that plug into the PCI bus.
reference page
See man (manual) page.
TCP/IP
A standard networking protocol that is included in the Linux software.
32
007-5472-001
Index
Numbers
1000-Base-SX
operating range, 8
1000-Base-T
configuration, 9
operating range, 9
C
cabling
range, 8
connector
LC, 4, 8, 12
RJ45, 7, 9
SC, 13
copper board
cables, 9
characteristics, 21
connecting, 13
LEDs, 7
LEDs/connector specifications, 26
customer service, xvii
F
fiber-optic board
cables, 8
characteristics, 22
LEDs, 4, 16
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LEDs/connector specifications, 29
fiber-optic Gigabit Ethernet board
connecting, 12
G
Gigabit Ethernet board
cabling, 12
copper, 9
fiber-optic, 8
configuring
verifying, 16, 17
connecting
copper, 13
fiber-optic, 12
enabling, 17
features
copper, 5
fiber-optic, 2
LEDs
copper, 7
fiber-optic, 16
resetting, 19
specifications, 21
Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express board
LEDs
fiber-optic, 4
L
LC connector, 4, 8, 12
33
Index
LEDs
copper, 7
fiber-optic, 4, 16
troubleshooting with,, 16
P
ports
copper board, 9
fiber-optic board, 8
product support, xvii
R
RJ45 connector, 7, 9
S
supported systems, 1
T
technical support, xvii
troubleshooting with LEDs, 16
34
007-5472-001
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