VL104C & VL104Em
Please read these instructions carefully before installing or maintaining this equipment.
Good electrical practices should be followed at all times and this data should be used
as a guide only.
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November 11
Specification and ATEX Declaration
Type(s) of protection Ex e Increased safety, Ex q Powder filling and Ex m Encapsulation
Protection standards EN 50014, EN 50017, EN 50019, EN 50028, EN 50281-1-1.
Area of application
Zone 1 and Zone 2 areas to EN 60079-10 and installation to EN 60079-14
Zone 21 and Zone 22 areas to EN 50281-3 and installation to EN 50281-1-2 and EN
ATEX equipment
Group II Category 2 G
Group II Category 2 D
Equipment coding
II 2 G Ex eqm II T4
II 2 D T70C
EC Type Examination Certificate Baseefa05ATEX0237X
CE Mark
The CE marking of this product applies to "The Electrical Equipment (Safety)
Regulations 1994", "The Electromagnetic Compatibility Regulations 1992", the “Waste
Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations 2006” and the "Equipment and
Protective Systems intended for use in Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 1996".
[This legislation is the equivalent in UK law of EC directives 2006/95/EC, 2004/108/EC
and 2002/96/EC respectively].
ATEX Declaration
The Equipment is declared to meet the provisions of the ATEX directive (94/9/EC) by
reason of the EC Type Examination and compliance with the Essential Health and
Safety Requirements.
I MacLeod
Technical Manager
Ingress Protection
IP65 and IP 6X to EN 60529
Clean Room
Non modular: Suitable for Pharmaceutical clean rooms FS209D Class 1,000 and 100
Modular: Suitable for class 10,000 and 100,000 rooms with high quality modular
Emergency luminaires must not be powered up without the battery fitted.
Introduction – VL104C and VL104Em ATEX Models
The VL104C and VL104Em series is available as non-modular and modular recessed clean area luminaire for
use with fluorescent lamps with the facility of an internal battery back up for emergency use. The non-modular is
suitable for cut or prepared aperture ceilings. The modular is suitable for Exposed T and Spring T modular grid
ceilings. The VL104C and VL104Em models have Ex q control gear, electronic safety sensor and microprocessor controlled emergency functions. Normal operation is mains supply with all lamps on, switching to one
lamp on battery back up and having local switching of the mains lamps, the emergency lamp only being
energised on mains failure. Two lamp emergency versions are specials.
The luminaires are available in 4 x 18W, 2 x 36W, 3 x 36W and 4 x 36W sizes non modular, and in 4 x 18W, 2 x
36W and 4 x 36W sizes modular.
Refer to the current catalogue for information on product references. The range is available for use with T8 bipin lamps to IEC81. Emergency duration to BS EN 60598 2.22, 3 hours (4 hour versions are specials).
The luminaire can be installed to interface with fire resistant ceiling systems to maintain a B15
SOLAS fire rating; the integrity of the ceiling and insulation must be maintained using suitable insulation
materials. The ceiling/fitting and insulation should be continuous (without any gaps), care must be taken to
maintain this classification.
Luminaires are to be stored in cool dry conditions preventing ingress of moisture and condensation.
Any specific instructions concerning emergency luminaires must be complied with.
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Installation and Safety
These instructions should be read fully and carefully before attempting to install the luminaire. For
details of servicing operations, opening etc. see section 6.
Copies of these instructions should be held in a safe place for future reference. It is the responsibility of the
installer to ensure that the apparatus selected is fit for its intended purpose and that the installation, operation
and maintenance of the apparatus complies with applicable regulations, standards or codes of practice.
There are no health hazards associated with this product whilst in normal use, however, care should be
exercised during the following operations.
Installation should be carried out in accordance with EN 60079-14 or with a local hazardous area code of
practice, whichever is appropriate. Any specific installation instructions must be referred to. In the UK the
requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act must be met and electrical work associated with this product
must be in accordance with the “Manual Handling Operations Regulations” and “Electricity at Works Regulations
1989”. Disposal instructions should be complied with.
The luminaires should be considered Class 1 to EN 60598 and effectively earthed.
The polycarbonate diffuser, if fitted, presents a potential source of ignition by electrostatic electricity. The
diffuser should only be cleaned using a damp cloth. The luminaire should not be mounted very near to any
probable location of fast moving stream of dry air, steam etc. which could generate a propagating brush static
To avoid applying static charge or scratching the diffuser:
 Never handle the polycarbonate diffuser with bare hands, use lint free gloves and carry using the frame.
 Never polish the diffuser with a dry cloth.
 If, due to site conditions the diffusers become dirty, they should be cleaned with an airgun. If smears are
difficult to remove use an eggcup full of ‘Comfort’ fabric conditioner in a bucket of lukewarm water and allow
to dry naturally with the frame standing vertically. Do not polish dry as this will reapply static charge. Use
only the recommended detergent at the stated concentration.
Certification details on the rating plate must be verified against the application requirements before installation.
The luminaire is tested to EN 60598-1:1997. If the temperature in an installation is continuously at the limiting
level the duration will be reduced and the self-testing will be delayed.
The information in this leaflet is correct at the time of publication. The company reserves the right to make
specification changes as required without notice.
3.1.1 Use in Combustible Dust Atmospheres
Where the equipment is used in combustible dust atmospheres, reference must be made to the selection and
installation standards in order that the equipment is used correctly. In particular this applies to the de-rating of
surface temperature for use where dust clouds may be present.
Refer to EN50281-1-2 for additional details of selection, installation and maintenance.
3.1.2 Hybrid Mixtures – Gas plus Dust.
Where Hybrid mixtures exist as defined in EN1127 as a potentially explosive atmosphere, consideration should
be given to verifying that the maximum surface temperature of the luminaire is below the ignition temperature of
the hybrid mixture.
12mm , 4mm and 3mm flat blade screwdriver.
Socket head torque screwdriver.
Suitable spanners for installing cable glands.
Pliers, knife, wire strippers/cutters.
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Electrical Supplies
Luminaires are supplied with control gear suitable for the following rated supplies:
Emergency 110-120V and 220-254V AC +/-10% 50/60 Hz
Non-emergency 110-120V +/-10% 47/ 63Hz, 110-150V DC
Non-emergency 220-254V +/-10% 47/ 63Hz, 220-300V DC
The safety limit for surface temperature (T rating) is +/-10% on the rated voltage. Equipment should not be
operated continuously at more than +10/-10% of the rated voltage of the control gear. The power factor
correction gives a minimum of 0.95 lagging. The lamp supply is regulated therefore the change in light output
over the supply range is substantially unchanged.
Electronic control gear is assessed and/or tested for EMC requirements. This is based on the
disposition of entry cables and, where appropriate, through wiring arrangements as supplied or
specified. Users must take care not to introduce wiring into parts of the apparatus materially
different to that which could be reasonably inferred from the disposition of fixed supply terminals
and specified through wiring.
The lamps used in the range can be T8 bi-pin fluorescent with G13 cap. Lamp caps are to IEC 60061, lamp
dimensions and safety to IEC 61195 and lamp performance to IEC 60081.
Luminaires should be installed where access for maintenance is practical and in accordance with lighting design
information. Refer to the note in 3.1 concerning electrostatic charge.
Non-modular types: Prior to mounting remove front cover by undoing screws, releasing the safety chains and
removing the gear tray; put front cover into a safe and clean place so as not to accumulate dust. Remove bag
containing disposable caps from inside the luminaire. Ensure suspension brackets are flush with sides prior to
positioning into the ceiling, ensuring that no cable is trapped. Position luminaire until the front flange meets the
ceiling face.
Support into position from below. The ceiling suspension is activated from in front of the ceiling using a socket
head torque screwdriver. Rotate the suspension bolt heads anticlockwise and the suspension arm will then
activate and swing outwards, it then travels down onto the ceiling batten. Once contact has been made gradually
tighten until the recommended torque of 1Nm has been reached. Confirm torque of bolts upon completion of this
operation. When the assembly is complete fit the plastic caps.
Modular Types: Remove cover and gear tray and put into a safe place. Remove ceiling suspension cams from
the sides of the luminaire.
Exposed T ceilings: Remove adjacent ceiling tiles from the sides of the luminaire, push the luminaire into the
ceiling aperture and whilst supporting, fit two of the cams on diagonally opposite corners and screw in place.
The luminaire is now temporarily supported and remaining cams may be now fitted. The cam brackets should
now be gradually rotated clockwise until the compression gasket is over half compressed. This should be done
in sequence so as not to buckle the ceiling or damage the fitting by over stressing at any point.
Spring T ceilings: Remove the adjacent tiles from the sides where the ceiling suspension mates. Push the body
of the luminaire with the spring T integration pan (if being used) into the ceiling aperture ensuring the interface
frame sits in the ceiling structure. Push until bottomed out. Fit two of the cams on diagonally opposite corners
and screw in place. The luminaire is now temporarily supported and remaining cams may be now fitted. The
cam brackets should now be gradually rotated clockwise until the compression gasket is over half compressed.
This should be done in sequence so as not to buckle the ceiling or damage the fitting by over stressing at any
Cabling and Cable Glands
The temperature conditions at the supply cable entry point are such that 70ºC (ordinary PVC) cable can be
used. Cable glands and sealing plugs must be “E generation” certified or have ATEX component approval. The
cable and gland assembly when installed must maintain a minimum IP54 rating.
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Where the cable is not reliably clamped externally to the apparatus the cable gland must clamp the cable
against a pull in Newtons of 20 x the cable OD in mm.
Four entries suitable for M20 are provided. Three entries are fitted with suitably approved blanking plugs, the
fourth entry with a transit plug. Other sizes are available on request.
Electrical Connections and Testing
If work other than re-lamping is to be done on any luminaire already connected to the electrical system, the
luminaire must be isolated from the system. Access for the cabling is via removal of front cover and lamp tray.
The front cover is secured using 6/10 off M6 captive screws, care to be taken as there is no suspension on this,
and lampholder tray is secured by M5 screws and keyhole slots, with chain suspension allowing the tray to
swing down, giving access to terminal blocks. Install the conductors in the appropriate terminals. Take care not
to cut the conductor insulation excessively, 1mm of bare conductor outside the terminal throat is a maximum.
Before re-fitting lampholder tray and front cover, the cores/cable should be neatly tucked away and a final check
made on correct connections.
Luminaires are supplied suitable for looping and through wiring.
The through current rating is 16A. 4mm² terminals are standard (6mm² wiring can be used in the terminals as
per the certificate).
Screw type or screw-less “cage clamp” terminals are fitted in the range of luminaires. Mains terminal blocks are
marked L N Earth.
Mains terminal blocks on the emergency luminaires are marked Lc Ls N Earth.
Luminaires can also be supplied with three phase wiring to special order. The marking is L1 L2 L3 L s N Earth
The emergency units can be connected as switched, un-switched or non-maintained units. The switching facility
is to allow the luminaire to be switched off whilst still charging the battery. Where switching is required, the unswitched line (Lc) is connected to the continuous mains supply. A link is fitted during assembly between Lc and
switched line (Ls); this is removed for the switch-able mode. If the link is removed and Ls not supplied, the unit
will only operate on emergency.
If the emergency luminaire is on a three phase system the switched line can be on any phase, it does not need
to be on the phase connected to the un-switched line.
If local emergency inhibition (see 4.3) is required the luminaire should be ordered with the connections for this
feature built in. The emergency inhibition function is connected via terminals, which must be specified to be
included when ordering. The inhibition terminals are marked Ext Sw 1 and 2.
The electrical wiring will consist of two connections to the control gear brought out to an extra terminal block at
the mains supply terminals. The switch should be of 5 VA rating and, if in the hazardous area, Ex protected.
The switch must have contacts which will reliably conduct small currents (10 mA levels) at low (6V) voltage. For
information on suitable surface mount switches refer to Victor sales department. Closed circuit is normal, off
inhibits the emergency function. Up to ten luminaires and 500 m of cable can be connected in parallel to one
switch. If the polarity is crossed the emergency function will work but can not be inhibited.
If the inhibition is connected into a circuit with CEAG emergency luminaires having an inhibition connection the
VL104C must be connected as follows EXTSW1 should be connected to CEAG “2” EXTSW2 should be
connected to CEAG “3”
As there are four entries, four core cable must be used for looping the inhibition terminals if the mains through
wire connection is to also be used. If any other configuration is needed it must be specially ordered or the
internal wiring pack changed on site.
The cabling is made off to the correct length in the normal manner. Care should be taken not to cut the insulation
back too far. The maximum amount of insulation allowed beyond the throat of the terminal is 1mm. Luminaires
can be tested with a high impedance 500 V dc insulation tester to IEC 364 or BS 7671 provided all line and
neutral connections are solidly connected together for the test. The inhibition circuit can be tested at 500 V
dc whilst connected to the luminaire terminals. (Units damaged by incorrect insulation testing can be detected).
Before completing the wiring, ensure that all the connections are correctly introduced into place before
reassembling the luminaire. Following cabling, lamps can be fitted. New lamps should be used.
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Emergency Operation
General description of emergency unit and operation
The integrated unit consists of a mains supplied ballast for feeding the fluorescent lamps in normal situations, a
battery pack, an emergency circuit that charges the battery and powers the lamp in an emergency situation, and
a micro-controller based supervisory circuit that controls the charging, monitors the emergency functions and
displays the results of self test and emergency unit status by means of a red and green LED.
The unit can be connected to an external switch that can inhibit the emergency functions when the mains power
is on or off and restart the emergency functions with or without mains power being applied. The terminals for
this feature must be specified when ordering. (See 3.7)
By switching the voltage on a connection Ls the lamps can be switched on and off without the emergency
function being activated. The Ls connection is insulated from Lc and has a signal function only drawing a very
small current.
The luminaire will go into emergency mode at not less than 60% rated supply voltage and will remain in mains
mode above 85% of rated supply voltage.
On restoration of the mains supply there will be a 60 sec delay before the emergency lamp is restored. This
feature is not common on emergency luminaires and should be noted. The feature is provided to increase
reliability when operating in bad supply conditions.
The charging function is monitored continuously. There is a check for over charging and no charging. In case of
a control gear fault three red flashes, followed by a pause are displayed.
After a complete battery discharge, the unit will switch over to a low discharge current mode.
Self Testing
An immediate full test of capacity can only be made by manually de-energising the installation and timing the
discharge. The LED indication will show if the duration is less than 2.5 hours or 2 hours if the temperature
during the test is very high or very low. (45ºC < T amb <-5ºC, with mains lamps operating normally prior to test).
The control continuously monitors all charging functions.
The unit will self test for a short period every 13 days. The short self testing is for emergency function. The initial
starting time for the self test routines is at a random point in the 13 day cycle, starting at the first mains
energisation after the battery is connected or re-connected. During the 13 day self test the unit will test for
function including lamp condition. The test will last 9 minutes with one lamp being energised at emergency level
during the test period, the other lamp will remain on. If Ls is off, the short test is delayed until Ls is re-energised.
The unit will perform a complete battery discharge every “3” months (102 days) and will check for minimum
emergency duration as stated above. The start of the first complete battery discharge is at a random point
between 0 and 102 days after applying mains voltage. The test will be repeated at fixed 3 monthly intervals. The
unit will also complete a full self test after completing a commissioning cycle to full charge and after battery
The test will be delayed if the battery is not fully charged or the operating temperature at the time is too high to
give a proper result or Ls is off. The test is also made after the initial installation and energisation and a full
charge cycle completed. One lamp remains energised at normal mains output. The long test will also take place
after a battery is changed or disconnected then re-connected.
The emergency lamp condition is monitored during lamp start. At the start of the long test the emergency lamp is
extinguished for 9 minutes to check cold starting performance. If the lamp ignition is not correct the LED will
display 3 repeated red flashes. This will happen even if the lamp does ignite and run at the normal light level.
If the self-test detects a failure it is indicated as follows. Refer to the Table 1 below.
Emergency lamp defective: continuous red flashing.
Battery defective or low capacity: two red flashes, followed by a pause.
Emergency unit defective: three red flashes followed by a pause.
If the charge condition is known, the unit will re-charge from empty to approximately 80 % charge in 14 hours,.
Afterwards a reduced current post charge period will be applied to complete the charge. If the battery charge
condition in unknown (e.g. first connection) a reduced charge is applied for 44 hours.
For battery temperatures below 10°C charge current is reduced and charge time increased.
The charging function is monitored continuously, there is a check for over charging and no charging. In case of a
fault three red flashes, followed by a pause are displayed.
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The control contains dedicated features which prevent any unsafe condition arising if the micro-processor were
to malfunction. After a complete battery discharge, the unit will switch over to a low battery discharge mode
which maintains the memory and monitoring function.
LED display
The status is displayed by means of red and green LED signals.
The green LED will flash slowly, if the batteries are being charged, and all emergency functions were found to be
OK during the last self-test.
The green will be steady at full charge.
The red only will flash if there is a fault.
Table 1 - Monitoring function indication
Fast flash
½ sec on, sec off
Charge C/10
Slow flash
1 sec on, 1 sec off
Charge C/20
Charging currents at low
temperatures reduced
Fully charged
Fast flashing
alternate Red-Green
Less than one ½ hour
duration left during
emergency operation
one lamp at emergency light level
fast flashing
Lamp faulty
Emergency lamp only
2 red flashes
Battery faulty or
battery not connected
or low duration after
long test
Minimum duration limit during
long test not met, limits are
temperature and type dependent
3 red flashes
fault in electronics of
power supply
Slow flash or steady
Periodic short flash
once per 4 secs
Mains on emergency
Defective display
Lamps on
-mains off, battery
discharged, or
-mains off,
emergency inhibited
-total unit defective
Lamps off
None or steady
Emergency control
Mains lamp on
Fast Flashing
alternate Red-Green
Inhibition (also see 3.7)
If local emergency inhibition is required the luminaire should be ordered with the connections for this feature built
in. The electrical wiring will consist of two connections to the control gear brought out to an extra terminal block
at the mains supply terminals. Closed circuit is normal, off inhibits the emergency function. Up to ten luminaires
can be connected in parallel to one switch and using 500m of cable.
The inhibit as well as de-inhibit functions can start with normal mains power present as well as without mains
power, the emergency light can be switched on while the whole power system is still dead.
Inhibition is not possible with a completely discharged battery and no mains being present. The emergency
function can be inhibited whilst in emergency operation.
Commissioning (Refer to section 6 for access)
The units will only be fully operational and give completely correct indication after the completion of a full charge,
self-test discharge and recharge cycle, approx. 100 hours. Once this is complete the unit will have it’s full
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operating parameters installed in the memory. Provided the battery is not disconnected indication will function
Non-emergency luminaires are energised after the lamps are fitted and the luminaire closed. Both
lamps should light. Open the cover the lamps will go out.
Commissioning Emergency
5.2.1 Commissioning with un-powered installation
After inserting the lamps and closing the cover, the unit will go onto emergency mode until discharged if the
initial battery voltage is high enough. (> 5.5 V).
If the emergency inhibition switch is in the blocked condition the lamp will go on for 60 seconds unless there is
not enough charge in the battery to sustain it for that time.
5.2.2 Commissioning with mains power applied.
If a local light switch is connected put it to on.
After inserting the lamps and closing the cover the unit will light. At first power up the emergency lamp will light
fully after 60 secs. This is done to increase reliability in very frequent mains on and off situations or irregular
supply such as may occur during commissioning.
The initial C/20 charge will be indicated by a green flashing LED 1sec on 1 sec off.
If an emergency blocking switch is present a short red flash every 4 sec will be displayed if the switch is in the
blocked state.
If the battery charge condition in unknown (e.g. first connection) a reduced current charge is applied for 44
The long self test takes place after the initial installation and energisation has been made and a full charge cycle
completed. The test will be delayed if the operating temperature at the time is too high to give a proper result or
if Ls is off. One lamp remains energised at normal mains output. After the test the unit will fast charge to 80%
then post charge to fully charged and the indication will then be steady green.
5.2.3 Low Temperature Operation
At battery temperatures below 10°C charge current is reduced and charge time increased. This temperature is
equivalent to the luminaire operating at -5ºC with the lamps on or at +5ºC with the lamps off.
Under operating conditions where the ambient temperature is below 0ºC for long periods the luminaire should
preferably be used in maintained mode so that the mains supplied lamps warm up the battery to a normal
working temperature.
6.0 Servicing and Operation
The luminaire incorporates an electronic safety de-energiser for maximum reliability and utility of the emergency
monitoring function. The electronic sensor is operated by the actuating plate on the cover. This provides for the
safe opening and carrying out of re-lamping.
Safe servicing behind the gear tray requires the mains supply to be isolated, and battery connections
must be treated with care, see 6.8.
6.1 Opening and Closing front cover
The front cover is secured using up to 10 off M6 captive screws. Do not remove plastic caps on non-modular
types by levering with a screwdriver as this will damage the paint finish and create a bacterial trap. Use a selftapper to screw into the cap and then pull out.
6.2 Fitting lamps and Re-Lamping
IMPORTANT – Isolate mains supply before opening. The control gear will be damaged if the lamps are
removed without being de-energised and there is an ignition risk. This could occur if the sensor arrangement is
faulty or has been defeated. The luminaire must be de-energised the control gear checked and electronic
sensor assembly must be replaced if faulty, see 6.7.
Lamps that are not operating or appear dim should be replaced as soon as practical. The control gear is
designed to withstand end of life conditions of lamps The emergency unit will indicate in advance that the lamp is
approaching end of life. Always replace both lamps.
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The bi-pin lamps are fitted in lampholders with a rotating section. The lamp must be pushed firmly down into the
lampholder and rotated 90º. The contact is biased to remain in the 90º position. If the lamp does not rotate,
check that it is completely positioned into the lampholder. Before inserting lamps ensure the lamp pins are not
damaged or slack in the end cap.
6.3 Releasing the Reflector/Gear Tray
Loosen the two fixing screws retaining the reflector/gear tray far enough for it to slide over keyhole slots. Check
the tray will hang on the retaining chains without stressing the wiring between body and tray. Replace in reverse
The lampholder assemblies can be removed from the gear tray, if necessary, by removing the fixing screw and
pushing up the click finger at the end of the gear tray and pushing the lampholder assembly forward towards the
centre of the tray.
Re-assembly is a reversal of the above, ensure the lampholder assembly fully clicks into place on the gear tray.
Lampholder assemblies have the connecting receptacles and are specific to each model. If they are being
replaced the correct spare assembly must be ordered.
6.4 Removal of Reflector/Gear Tray c/w Lampholder Assemblies
Release gear tray from body and hang on retaining cords, as explained above. Disconnect the cables from the
gear tray to the mains terminal block, unhook retaining cord from gear tray and lift clear.
6.5 Servicing Behind the Gear Tray
The release of the gear tray exposes live mains terminals. Any work behind the gear tray requires that the
supply is isolated to avoid ignition risk and damage to components.
6.6 Replacement of Ballast or Emergency control
The ballast contains no replaceable parts. Should it be found necessary to replace the ballast, the following
procedure should be adopted:
Ensure that the luminaire is isolated from the mains supply.
Remove gear tray from body and swing down as previously explained. Undo the battery plug on emergency
Ballasts use 6mm tab connectors which are locked and are released when the black cover sleeve is pulled away
axially. When replaced a 'click' will be heard as the lock locates. On no account should the quick release
connectors be replaced with proprietary items.
Disconnect the leads to the ballast, note the connections. When removing the connections always disconnect
the sensor and LED connections (LED1 LED2 PRPT1 and PROT2) last and reconnect them first. Remove the
ballast retaining screws and remove ballast from tray.
Replacement of the units is in the reverse order. Check the connections carefully before re-energising. The
emergency lamp leads are marked with a plastic sleeve (E). The lamp leads on the emergency are marked as
pairs. Take care to connect correctly. . The unit is not protected against reverse battery polarity. The yellow
leads are the high voltage ones. Miss-connection of the units will be very likely to result in damage. Care and
checking during replacement can not be over emphasised.
6.7 Replacement of sensor with or without LED assembly
It is very unlikely that this assembly will need replacement other than as a result of mechanical damage.
Isolate the mains. Disconnect and note the connections. Undo the two screws and replace the unit using the
nuts from the old unit. Reconnect and carefully check the connections before re-energising.
6.8 Replacement of battery
The battery is accessed by releasing the gear tray fixing screws sliding the tray and hinging it down.
The battery is connected to the control using a plug and socket arrangement. The battery load is disconnected
by the electronic sensor device. The screws holding the battery pack are loosened and the battery pack slid
axially one way then the other in order to release. The battery pack is not intended to be opened and is replaced
as a unit. The battery is potentially incendive but is protected during removal by the IP30 construction which
covers live parts. The battery assembly must be protected from damage and water ingress then removed from
any potentially hazardous area as soon as practical.
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The replacement battery is slid axially one way then the other in order to insert then the screws are tightened.
The socket is then inserted. The luminaire must not be operated without the battery connected. If the battery is
removed and not replaced the control gear supply must be disconnected at the mains terminal block and
6.9 Checking of Battery separately
The easiest way of checking the battery is in a known serviceable luminaire against the rated duration.
If the battery is to be checked separately, it should be charged using a constant current charger at 200/400mA
for 30/15 hours for the 4Ah (18W) or 350/700mA for 30/15 hours for the 7Ah (36W). Discharge measurement is
not easy as the current is proportional to the voltage for resistance loads, so it has to be averaged. Discharge
the battery at 1 to 2A and multiply current by time. Do not discharge below 1 volt per cell, that is 5V. The
capacity should be 70% or more of normal.
7.0 Routine Maintenance
Visual tests and checks should be carried out at intervals described by the appropriate regulations, EN 6007917, and should include the following:
Check that the lamps are working or appear badly aged. Blackening at the lamp ends is a good indication of
length of use.
Check for mechanical damage/corrosion.
Check for loose connections including earthing.
Check for undue accumulations of dust or dirt.
Verification of tightness of fixing, glands, blanking plugs etc.
Check for unauthorised modifications.
Check condition of enclosure gasket and fastenings.
Check for any accumulation of moisture.
Periodic inspection of the enclosure seal should be carried out to ensure that the seal is sound. The seal can be
replaced and, if necessary, secured in position by the application of a small amount of silicone RTV adhesive.
If the luminaire has been subject to abnormal conditions, for example, severe mechanical impact or chemical
spillage, it must be de-energised until it has been inspected by an authorised and competent person. If in doubt,
the unit should be returned to Victor for examination and, if necessary, replacement.
7.1 Fault finding
In general, installations of luminaires have a number of units on site. Once apparently faulty components are in
the workshop fault finding is done by substituting known healthy components. Except for checking continuity to
the supply and ballast input connections there is little that can be done to fault find using instruments. Live
testing and use of meters on high frequency units in a workshop will gain little information and may damage
healthy components. Take great care in connecting and disconnecting see 6.7. Use a charged battery wait for
60 seconds for units to respond.
7.1.1 Non emergency
The lamps will run until one fails to strike. Fit new lamps. If the result is not satisfactory, check continuity to the
ballast. If still no result, check the continuity to lampholders after disconnecting leads from ballast. If no fault
found replace ballast. If still no result, disconnect the connection to the sensor. If the lamps light this would
indicate a faulty sensor, see 6.7 but as this is most unlikely check all connections before replacing.
7.1.2 Emergency
Check for operation of the LED. If the LED is red refer to the table which shows the fault diagnostics. If the unit
does not work on the mains with Ls energised carry out the checks in 7.1.1. If mains operation can not be
restored replace the control unit.
The usual first service operation with emergency units which appear to work normally on mains but not on
emergency is to energise for a few minutes before checking emergency operation. If no result, check that the
inhibit connection is closed circuit. If the unit works on emergency let it discharge fully. The unit should then be
energised for 60 mins and the discharge re-checked.
If the unit runs for a few minutes it is charging. If not, change the battery and repeat the full discharge and short
charge test. If OK, give the unit a full 48 hour charge and check the duration. If there are still fault indications
replace the control unit.
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7.2 Cleaning
The diffuser should not be polished or wiped with a dry cloth as a risk of ignition due to electrostatic
discharge may result. Cleaning of the diffuser with any chemical or hydrocarbon solvent based cleaner may
result in severe damage.
8.0 Fuse and MCB Ratings
It is recommended that for selection of MCB's users should consult the MCB manufacturer as this unit contains
electronic control gear. MCB ratings can vary depending on the manufacturer and type and the size of the
installation, i.e. impedance of conductors. The electronic control gear has an inrush current of 30A for 500µs on
230V, emergency and non-emergency, 45A for 350µs on 110V, non-emergency, and 35A for 250µs on 110V,
emergency. These figures are for low resistance connections with short cables and low impedance supplies.
9.0 Disposal of Material
The body is made from incombustible and combustible materials. The diffuser is plastic and the control gear
contains plastic parts and electronic components. All electrical components and the body parts may give off
noxious fumes if incinerated. Take care to render these fumes harmless or avoid inhalation. Any local
regulations concerning disposal must be complied with. Any disposal must satisfy the requirements of the WEEE
directive [2002/96/EC] and therefore must not be treated as commercial waste. The unit is mainly made from
incombustible materials. The control gear contains plastic, resin and electronic components. All electrical
components may give off noxious fumes if incinerated.
9.1 Lamps
Fluorescent lamps in modest quantities are not "special waste". They should be broken up in a container to
avoid injury, avoid inhaling dust.
Do not incinerate lamps.
9.2 Battery Disposal
Nickel cadmium batteries are defined as 'controlled waste' under the hazardous waste regulations and the
person disposing needs to observe a 'duty of care'.
Batteries can be returned to the manufacturers for recycling. They must be stored and transported safely and
any necessary pollution control forms completed prior to transportation. Take care to fully discharge batteries
before transporting, or otherwise ensure that there can be no release of stored energy in transit. For further
details refer to our Technical Department.
To comply with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment directive 2002/96/EC the
apparatus cannot be classified as commercial waste and as such must be disposed of or
recycled in such a manner as to reduce the environmental impact.
Issue 04
November 11
Table 2
Nominal Lamp Power and Supply Current
4 x 18W / 2 x 36W
230V, 50/60Hz 4 x 18W Emergency
2 x 36W Emergency
3 x 36W
3 x 36W Emergency
4 x 36W
4 x 36W Emergency
110V, 50/60Hz 4 x 18W / 2 x 36W
4 x 18W Emergency
2 x 36W Emergency
3 x 36W
3 x 36W Emergency
4 x 36W
4 x 36W Emergency
Power Factor >0.98. Power is constant over voltage range.
Tamb Storage
-40ºC to +80ºC
EN 50081-2 (emission)
EN 50082-2 (immunity)
EN 61000-3-2 (harmonics generated)
Over voltage
400V ac for 1 min
EN 61000-4-5 > 4kV
6V 7Ah NiCd (36W)
6V 4Ah NiCd (18W)
Emergency Duration
3 hours to EN 60598 2-22 @ Tamb 25º C
(The standard requires the 3 hour duration after 4 years of operation)
4 hour duration units are special
Emergency Output
1200mm lamp 25% of normal single lamp output
600mm lamp 30% of normal single lamp output
4 hour duration units are special and give 80% of these values.
Issue 04
November 11
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