Microbit | AS-1289 | User manual | Microbit AS-1289 User manual

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USER MANUAL
AS-1289
AS-1289
Remote controlled Antenna switch
Preliminary
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Table of contents
Statement of Conditions .............................................................................. 3
General Description ..................................................................................... 4
Step by step AS-1289 setup ........................................................................ 5
Hardware .................................................................................................... 7
Back ............................................................................................................. 7
Front ............................................................................................................ 8
Configuration with Microbit Setup Manager .............................................. 10
FW/HW ....................................................................................................... 11
FW update................................................................................................... 12
Setup ......................................................................................................... 13
Net info....................................................................................................... 14
Initial IP setup .......................................................................................... 15
Configuration with WEB-interface ............................................................. 19
Set Antennas ............................................................................................... 21
Temperature/RH .......................................................................................... 22
IP Settings .................................................................................................. 23
Antenna settings .......................................................................................... 26
Serial Settings ............................................................................................. 27
Advanced settings ........................................................................................ 28
Dynamic DNS setting .................................................................................... 30
Remoterig dynamic dns service ...................................................................... 31
DynDNS dynamic DNSservice ........................................................................ 33
Ping Settings ............................................................................................... 35
Radio RRC Settings....................................................................................... 37
Antenna selection ......................................................................................... 38
Application firmware upgrade ........................................................................ 39
Bootloader firmware upgrade ......................................................................... 40
Restart device.............................................................................................. 40
Networks and Firewalls ............................................................................. 41
Portforwarding ............................................................................................. 42
Appendix D - Technical Data ..................................................................... 44
Appendix E - Safety and Regulatory Information ...................................... 45
FCC Statement ............................................................................................ 45
Safety Notice ............................................................................................... 45
Disclaimer ................................................................................................... 46
FCC / CE - Declaration of conformity............................................................... 46
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Statement of Conditions
In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, Microbit
2.0 AB reserves the right to make changes to the product described in this document without
notice. Microbit does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of
the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.
All parts of the software are property of Microbit 2.0 AB. The hardware design, schematics
PCB layout, concept, graphics, user manual, etc. are property of Microbit 2.0 AB. The device
may not be disassembled, copied or reversed engineered.
Copyright © 2010,2011,2012,2013,2014
Microbit 2.0 AB
All rights reserved.
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General Description
The Antenna switch is designed specially to be used for remote (over the Internet) controlled
systems, but can of course be used in other applications also. The switch can be manually
controlled via an internal web interface. The switch is connected to the Internet primarily via
10 or 100 Mbit Ethernet and fixed connections like DSL, cable and WLAN or 3G/4G Mobile
systems. The Switch is easily configured via modern USB and WEB based user interfaces.
Together with Remoterig RRC-1258 it can be setup to automatically follow your band
changes. The switch connects to the RRC over IP, no serial port is needed. It’s powered with
12V DC. The switch should be placed indoor on a table/shelf or mounted on the wall. It’s
normally delivered with SO-239 connectors, but can be ordered with N-connectors, both with
PTFE dielectric.
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Step by step AS-1289 setup
Below follows a recommendation about how to proceed when setting up the system.
1. Spend some time to read thru this user manual to get familiar with the product.
2. Remove the top cover of your Antenna Switch.
3. Check that the Jumper JMPx is in the EXT position.
4. Apply 12V DC (good stabilized power) to the unit, either via the 2.1/5,5 DC-jack (see
hardware chapter)
5. Connect the unit with a CAT5 patch cables to the same Ethernet switch or router as
your PC which you will use to setup the system is connected. Do not bother with the
cables through the inlet in the bottom of the Antenna switch until you have set it up
and tested that you can control it via the web browser.
6. Download the Microbit Setup Manager and the latest firmware from
http://www.remoterig.com to your PC. Follow the instructions about how to install the
Microbit Setup Manager (see chapter Configuration with Microbit Setup Manager).
7. Find out how your network is configured and configure the AS-1289 to fit into your
network (see chapter Initial IP Setup) with the Microbit Setup Manager.
8. Check the installed firmware version. If the one you downloaded from Remoterig is
newer, update the unit with the new firmware. (see chapter FW/HW about how to
update).
9. When you have configured the unit to fit into your network, Start your Web browser
and connect to the unit by entering the IP-address. If you get in contact with the
internal web server everything is OK.
10. Make the basic software configuration for your system which is described the later in
this user manual.
11. After preparing the cables connect them to the controlled equipment. Connect the
power to all equipment. Check with your web browser again that you are in contact
with unit and can control the connected equipment.
12. When everything works as it should on your local network it’s time to setup your
Internet router so you can reach the unit from the outside world over the Internet. If
you already have other equipment that you remote control you can go direct to 14 as
you don’t need to use a separate Dynamic DNS service.
13. The first thing is to determine if your Internet Service Provider (ISP) are providing you
with a fixed or dynamic IP-address. Fixed IP:s are rare so you probably have a
dynamic IP-address if you are not paying extra for a fixed one. A dynamic IP is no
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problem but you need to use a dynamic DNS service. You can use Remoterigs free
dynamic DNS service or a DynDNS account. New DynDNS account are no longer free.
For detailed information about Dynamic DNS services see the Dynamic DNS chapters
under Configuration with WEB-Interface.
14. Configure the units Dynamic DNS settings (see chapter Dynamic DNS Setting).
15. Now it’s time to configure your remote router. We recommend that you first enable the
remote configuring of your router, you may need it later. After that’s done configure
port forwarding (see chapter Network and Firewalls). When this is done your remote
control unit should be reachable over the Internet.
16. When back at the Control QTH try to browse to the Dynamic DNS address “Own host
name” you registered and entered into the remote control unit. You should get in
contact with the Antenna Switch internal web server exactly as it was local, remember
to use :port number after the dynamic dns address if you have changed the webserver
port from 80 for example http://sm2oan.dnsalias.com:8000.
Enjoy the remote controlling.
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Hardware
Back
On the bottom side the antenna connectors are located according to the pictures above. The
antenna switch is normally delivered with SO-239 jack but can also be ordered with N
connectors.
Power
The Antenna switch should be powered via the 2.1/5.5 DC jack on the back of the AS1289.
12V DC
Pin no
PWR
+
-
+ 12-15VDC (centre)
GND
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Front
USB
The USB-interface is used to initially set up the IP parameters. It can also be used for
downloading new software (can also be done via the WEB-interface). A USB-cable is included
with the product.
ETHERNET
The unit can be connected to both 10 and 100 Mbit/s Ethernet based TCP/IP network. The
Antenna Switch can be configured for different connection types for Ethernet port, Auto,
10HDX, 10FDX, 100HDX, 100FDX and Auto-with-preferred-10FDX. Default is Auto-withpreferred-10FDX which works best in most cases. Use good quality screened cable (FTP).
Pin
no
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Ethernet (RJ45)
Orange/white
Orange
Green/White
Blue
Blue /White
Green
Brown/White
Brown
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Out [+]
Out [-]
In [+]
In [-]
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ANT 1-5 LED
A red LED indicate the selected antenna
ANT5/ON LED
A Green flashing LED is indicating normal status. (Visible through ANT5 hole)
LINK LED
A yellow LED besides the Ethernet connector indicates the status of the Ethernet interface
LNK
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Yellow LED indicates link OK, flashing LED indicates traffic
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Configuration with Microbit Setup Manager
The initial settings of the network parameters are easiest done with the Microbit Setup
Manager. The Setup Manager is a software which runs under Windows on a PC and connects
to the RC via USB (an USB cable is supplied with the AS-1289).The Setup Manager can be
used for:
 IP Settings and verification
o IP-address
o Netmask
o Gateway
o DNS
o DHCP
 Firmware upgrade
o Application
o Bootloader
o Factory default reset
Start with downloading the Microbit Setup Manager from the homepage www.remoterig.com.
Install the Setup Manager by following the instructions which shows up. If you have an older
Windows version where Netframework 2.0 is not installed, the installer will guide you through
the installation of Netframework. When you have finished the installation a new shortcut to
Microbit Setup Manager will show up on the desktop. Click on the icon to start Microbit Setup
Manager
Connect your AS1289 to 12V and connect the USB-cable between your computer and the USB
jack on the AS1289. Windows will automatically install the necessary drivers. When it's done
the text in the bottom field will change from "Device not connected" to "Device connected"
which is an indication that you are in connection with the unit.
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FW/HW
Click on the "Get" button and the version of the firmware will show up in the upper window.
Go to the page www.remoterig.com and under downloads you can find the latest firmware. If
there is a newer firmware available download it to your desktop, unzip it.
Change to the "FW-update" tab.
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FW update
Click on the "Select file" button and browse to the file with the new firmware, it should be
something like “1216H-CRC_v1.23_2011-10-04.bin” depending on the version and release
date. When you have selected the file click on the "Update" button and the update process
will start, the text in the bottom field will change to "Updating firmware". Attention -- Do not
interrupt the update process in any way!
After about a 1 minute the update is finished and the Antenna Switch will restart. When the
text "Device connected" shows up again in the lower field of the Microbit Setup Manager, you
can change to the "FW/HW" tab and check software version.
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Setup
A new window wills pop-up with the basic IP settings. Change the settings so they fit into your
local network and press the "Save" button to save the new settings. The Antenna switch will
restart again and when the text "Device connected" shows up again in the lower field of the
Setup-Manager, you can click on the "Setup" button again to verify the changes.
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Net info
Click on the “Get” button to read the IP setting currently in use by the Switch.
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Initial IP setup
The default Ip settings from the factory is 192.168.0.236. The net mask is 255.255.255.0,
gateway and DNS is 192.168.0.1.
To be able to contact the AS-1289 via the network you must configure the units to fit into
your home network. You can check your network configuration from your PC.
On the start menu select Run. In the Run dialog box enter cmd.
You will get a DOS-window.
At the DOS-promt enter ipconfig.
Then you will get the needed information:
Your PC IP address in this example is 192.168.0.101 this means that the IP of the AS-1289
must have IP:s in the area 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.255.
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The Netmask is 255.255.255.0 the Netmask in the AS-1289 should be the same
The Default gateway 192.168.0.1 the Gateway and DNS server(*) in the Antenna Switch
should be the same
In this case all the default IP setting will be OK.
(*) In most cases the Gateway and the DNS server is the same and the IP of the router.
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In another network, this is the result of the ipconfig command.
Your PC IP address in this example is 192.168.128.10 this means that the IP of the AS-1289
must have IP:s in the area 192.168.128.2 to 192.168.128.255.
The Netmask is 255.255.128.0 this the Netmask in the RC should be the same
The Default gateway is 192.168.128.1 the Gateway in the AS-1289 should be the same
In this case you must change the IP:s of the Antenna Switch.
Use the Microbit Setup Manager to change the IP settings.
Select the Setup tab click on the “Get Setup” button and enter the IP addresses in the Setup
info dialog box.
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Configuration with WEB-interface
Before you can use your Antenna switch AS-1289 you must configure it. The unit will have the
default IP addresses 192.168.0.236. The net mask is 255.255.255.0. The configuration is
easiest done via the web interface. Be aware of that your PC must be in the same net e.g.
having an IP-number between 192.168.0.2 and 192.168.0.254 and not be the same as the
AS-1289. If the default IP-address of the Antenna Switch do not fit your network please use
the PC-program Microbit Setup Manager to change the IP-addresses via USB.
Select setup page from the links on the left side and edit the parameters. After each setup
pages is finished press Submit to temporary store the new settings. When you do that a new
red Apply changes button appears on the pages. You can now change parameters on other
pages but the new settings will not take effect until you press Apply changes. When you do that
the unit will reboot and start up with the new settings. If you change your mind after clicking
on submit you can click on Restart device on the left to restart the device without changing
any settings.
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The info page shows some static information about the Antenna switch as firmware revision
etc. and also the basic IP-configuration.
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Set Antennas
The Set Antenna page is the page you use for manual antenna selections. If you have
connected the switch a radio for automatic switching you first have to disable the automatic
selection with the OFF button on the bottom line.
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Temperature/RH
A 1-wire temp or/and humidity sensor can be connected to Bus B, If it’s connected you can
see the readings on this page
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IP Settings
The IP Settings menu is used to setup the initial IP parameters needed for the unit to connect
to the IP network. Down below the settings are described more in details. The Antenna switch
are default configured for a DCHP. It will then ask the router for a IP-address. It’s handy to
use DHCP when installing but it is recommended that you change the settings to DHCP = off
and setup a fixed IP.
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Parameter
Setting
Unit ID (Banner)
Text, whatever you want, that will be shown at the
top of the web-page (within brackets). Used to
identify different units.
“empty” (default)
“text”
Select between a fixed IP address and DHCP. Fixed
IP address is recommended.
No (default)
Yes
IP-address (only when fixed IP-address is used)
192.168.0.236 (default)
nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn
Net mask (only when fixed IP-address is used)
255.255.255.0 (default)
nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn
Gateway (only when fixed IP-address is used)
192.168.0.1 (default)
nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn
DNS-address (only when fixed IP-address is used)
192.168.0.1 (default)
nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn
Sets the port number for the Internal webserver.
This port number often has to be changed if port 80
already is used by other equipment.
80 (default)
Type of Ethernet connection:
Auto
Auto, prefer 10 Mbit (default)
10HDX*
10FDX*
100HDX*
100FDX*
DHCP
IP
Netmask
Gateway
Dns server
Web server port
Eth-type
Auto prefer 10 Mbit is default as more speed is not
needed and the emissions from a 10 Mbit LAN is
much less than from a 100 Mbit LAN
(*) If you use fixed settings you must have a
managed switch where you can set the same
setting.
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Web page user
Web page pwd
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Enable password protection for the web by entering
a username (this field) and a password (next field).
If this field is empty the RC will not ask for
password. Some of the pages are still accessible but
no editing is possible.
“empty” (default)
“username”
Password for the web pages and telnet connection.
“empty” (default)
“password”
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Antenna settings
At the Antenna settings page you can enter a text string which describe the antenna you have
connected to the antenna ports.
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Serial Settings
The Antenna switch can talk direct to a radio CAT port also if the serial adapter 1216R is
connected to the pin header P1. The back of the AS-1289 is prepared in advance for the
installation of the 1216R. The serial parameters are set on the Serial page. This settings has
no effect when you have connected the Antenna switch to the RRC over IP
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Advanced settings
On the Advanced settings page you have to select which protocol you will use depending on
your radio. You can select some modes which only listen and do not send any questions.
Elecraft K3 uses the Yeasu settings. This setting are used both for control via the serial port
and over IP.
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When connection to a ICOM radio you must know the CI-V Address (hex) the radio are set to.
In the example below the switch is connected to a rig with CI-V address 66. The Contr.
Address sets the CI-V address of the antenna switch itself. If you have more than one
equipment which is a “controller” you may have to change the address to a different one.
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Dynamic DNS setting
The Antenna Switch has a Dynamic DNS client to be used when the Internet Service Provider
(ISP) uses dynamic IP addresses instead of fixed IP address. The AS-1289 supports our own
free Remoterig dynamic DNS service and DynDNS which is not free for new users
anymore. You can choose to use one of them. The Dynamic DNS client checks what IP
address your router has got from the ISP and sends the information to the Dynamic DNS:s
service DNS server. When using Dynamic DNS you enter "Own host name" instead of an IP
address in the web browser and you don't need to bother if the IP address at the Remote site
changes. If you already have a Dynamic DNS account registered for any equipment connected
to the same router at the remote site, you do not need to register any specific for the AS1289.
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Remoterig dynamic dns service
The Remoterig dynamic dns service only support equipment from Remoterig and Microbit like
this Antenna switches, the RC-1216H, the RRC-1258 and the WebSwitch 1216H etc.
The Remoterig dynamic dns service do not need any registration it’s automatically generated
based on the serial number on the equipment.
To activate the Remoterig dynamic dns client select “ddns.webswitch.se” from the drop down
on the Dynamic DNS settings page. Also select a DNS check interval, if your IP address
change often you can select a low value, if it goes month between the changes you can select
a higher value. After that click on “Submit” and “Apply changes”, the AS-1289 will restart.
After the switch has restarted go back to the Dynamic DNS settings page. You will now see
that the settings Own hostname, Username and Password are automatically generated. The
only important information is the Own host name, copy the whole row, this is the information
you should put into your web browsers address field when you contact the unit in the future.
Store it as a Bookmark as it is difficult to remember. No more registration is needed.
Remember that DNS address like this is only for use when you connect over the internet, as
long as you are operating on you own LAN use the IP address.
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DynDNS dynamic DNSservice
The Antenna Switch also supports the commercial dynamic DNS service DynDns. Earlier this
was a free service, it’s still free for old users but not for new. If your router has a DynDNS
client you can also use that one, and do not activate more than one DynDNS client at the
same LAN segment. DynDNS do not accept multiple updates from same IP. The DynDNS
client checks what IP address your router has got from the ISP and sends the information to
DynDNS:s DNS server. When using DynDNS you enter "Own host name" instead of an IP
address in the browsers address field and you don't need to bother if the IP address at the
remote QTH changes. You need to register an account at
http://www.dyndns.com/services/dns/dyndns/ and get a domain name. There are other
providers of the same service but AS-1289 only supports DynDNS or Remoterig ddns.
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Parameter
Setting
Dynamic DNS check
interval
Sets how often the external IP address of your
router should be checked, value in minutes:
Dynamic DNS host name
Own host name
Username
Password
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Off (Dynamic DNS client disabled)
10
20
30
40
50
60
180
600
1440
Sets which DNS service you will use
ddns.remoterig.com
(our own free service)
members.dyndns.org (commercial service)
Domain name registered at DynDNS.com.
Example:
my-radio-site.ham-radio-op.net
Dynamic DNS account username.
Dynamic DNS account password.
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Ping Settings
The Antenna switch has a Ping Watchdog function which can be used as an extra security.
This function is quite common in network equipment. It can be set to ping an IP address and
when it does not get any answer, it will make a hard reboot of the unit. The status of the ping
watchdog can be checked at the status page.
If you use this function, be sure that the IP-address you have chosen to ping is a IP-address
which is always reachable.
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Enable ping watchdog
IP address to ping
Ping Interval (seconds)
Startup delay (seconds)
Failure count to reboot
Ba-AS1289-PA1
Enables the function.
No = Function is disabled
Yes, test = Function enabled but it will not actually
reboot, can be used for test
Yes, reboot = Function is enabled.
IP address to ping is entered here, In normal cases
use the Gateway IP.
Interval between the ping is sent.
(1-65535, default 300 s)
Delay before the first ping is sent.
(300-65535), default 300 s.
If Test mode is activated it can be set to 10-65535
Sets how many times the ping is allowed to fail
before reboot is done. (1-255, default 3 )
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Radio RRC Settings
At the Radio RRC settings page you setup the connection to the Radio-RRC if you want the
Antenna switch to talk to the radio via the RRC. Note the RRC must be connected to the radio
CAT port via COM2 if it should work. IP-number and port should match the settings in the
Radio-RRC.
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Antenna selection
At the antenna selection page you can decide which antenna you want to use at different
frequencies. First select which antennas you want to be automatically selected on the bottom
line. Then you can enter the frequency ranges in the boxes to the left, ant mark which
antenna port you want to be active for each range.
If you want the antennas to be deselected eg. grounded, after a while when the radio is
switched off and the switch get no answers on the frequency requests, you can set a
“Disconnect timeout.
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Application firmware upgrade
The application firmware can be updated over the Internet via the web interface when bugs
are fixed and/or new functionality is implemented. You don't have to be where the Antenna
Switch is located to do the updates. Download the new firmware from www.remoterig.com
and save the file on your computer (it has a name like 1216H-CRC_v4.01_2014-01-04.bin).
Connect to the Antenna switch and select 'Application-upgrade'. Then click on the 'Browse'
button and select the file with the new firmware. After that you click on the 'Upgrade' button
and the new firmware will be transferred and saved into the AS-1289. When the firmware is
updated the AS-1289 will restart. Note -- Do not interrupt the upgrade process in any way.
Wait a minute or two then connect to the Antenna switch again and select 'Info' and verify
that the Software version is updated. If it looks like it’s not updated, empty the web browser
cache, to prevent it from showing an old cached page. The update NEVER fails but the
browser is a common problem.
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Bootloader firmware upgrade
This follows the same steps as the application firmware upgrade procedure above.
Restart device
Restart device can be used if you want to reset and restart the Antenna Switch without saving
any changes (before apply changes) or just for ordinary reset.
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Networks and Firewalls
One of the major obstacles when trying to remotely control something is the fact that the
Internet Service Provider (ISP) forces us to use dynamic IP addresses. We can never know,
from time to time, which IP address our modem / firewall / router has on its outside interface
(the IP address you will try to connect to). Most people use NAT routers that translates IP
addresses on the inside (your little LAN) to one common IP address on the outside using port
conversion.
At the remote end the router must be configured so that port 80 (default settings) is directed
to the Antenna switch which should have a static IP address. If you have other remote
controlled equipment connected to the router port 80 is probably already in use and you need
to change the webserver port from 80 to something else. In the example below where we
have setup the Linksys router we have used port 8000.
If you do not have fixed IP from your Internet Service provider you will probably also need to
use a dynamic dns service (see earlier chapter above) so you can use a host name instead of
a IP-address when you browse the unit. If you already have a dynamic dns service in use for
any equipment connected to the same router, you do not need to have any specific service for
the Antenna Switch.
The following default IP ports are used (changeable)
port number
function
80
WEB interface
WEB interface are TCP-based.
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Portforwarding
A typical setup screen for activating port forwarding is shown below.
There is one row assigned for each port (service) all refereeing to the IP of the Radio-RRC and
the AS-1289 at the 5th row.
.
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Appendix D - Technical Data
Product/Art no:
Antenna Switch AS-1289
Frequency Range:
1,6-55 MHz
Characteristic impendance:
50 ohm
Outputs:(*1)
5
Inputs:
1
Supply voltage Local:
12-15V
Power consumption Local:
<200 mA
Connectors:
PTFE dielectric N or SO-239
SWR (1.8-50 MHz):
<1.17:1
Insert loss (1.8-30 MHz):
<0.04 dB
Insert loss (50 MHz):
<0.07 dB
Power rating (1.8-30 MHz, SWR <1.3:1)
2kW
Ethernet connection(*2):
RJ45
Operating temp:
-40 -+60 C
Dimensions (WxDxH):
175x100x55mm
Weight:
0,7 Kg
(*1) All unused antenna outputs are grounded, The RF card control lines are surge protected with Metal Oxide Varistors
(*2) The Ethernet cable should be shielded (FTP) CAT-5e or better.
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Appendix E - Safety and Regulatory Information
FCC Statement
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:


This device may not cause harmful interference.
This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:




Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modification not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Safety Notice




Do not use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a
swimming pool.
Avoid using this product during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of
electric shock from lightning.
Warning: Never operate this device with a headset or other audio accessories at high
volume levels. Hearing expert’s advice against continuous high volume operation, if
you experience a ringing in your ears, reduce the volume level or discontinue use.
Never connect a power supply of more than 18 VDC to the power jack. The supply
voltage must be between 10 V and 18 V. to prevent damaging the device.
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Disclaimer
The author has written this document to the best of his knowledge, but does not guarantee
that the contents will satisfy the desire and expectation of the reader. The author or Microbit
takes no responsibility for damage or injuries of any kind that may arise from the use and
miss use of the product or information contained. The author do not warrant the accuracy and
correctness of the information contained. All brand and names mentioned are trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective holders.
FCC / CE - Declaration of conformity
Appendix F - Contact Information
Support site
www.remoterig.com
E-mail
info@microbit.se
Web site
www.microbit.se
Phone
+46 923 69620
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