Ampro Corporation | Little Board P6d | Specifications | Ampro Corporation Little Board P6d Specifications

Little Board™ P6d Reference Manual
P/N 5001451A Revision B
5215 Hellyer Avenue, San Jose, CA 95138-1007
Phone: 408 360-0200, FAX: 408 360-0222, Web: www.ampro.com
TRADEMARKS
The Ampro logo is a registered trademark, and Ampro, EnCore, Little Board, CoreModule, and MiniModule are trademarks
of Ampro Computers, Inc. Pentium is a registered trademark of Intel, Incorporated. All other marks are the property of
their respective companies.
NOTICE
No part of this document may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any
language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual,
or otherwise, without prior written permission from Ampro Computers, Incorporated.
DISCLAIMER
Ampro Computers, Incorporated makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents of this manual or of
the associated Ampro products, and specifically disclaims any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any
particular purpose. Ampro shall under no circumstances be liable for incidental or consequential damages or related
expenses resulting from the use of this product, even if it has been notified of the possibility of such damages. Ampro
reserves the right to revise this publication from time to time without obligation to notify any person of such revisions. If
errors are found, please contact Ampro at the address listed on the title page of this document.
REVISION HISTORY
Revision
Reason for Change
Date
1
Pre-Production Release
08/00
A
Production Release
11/00
B
Updates/Revisions
02/02
© Copyright 2000, 2002, Ampro Computers, Incorporated
AUDIENCE ASSUMPTIONS
This reference manual is for the person who designs computer related equipment, including but not limited to hardware
and software design and implementation of the same. Ampro Computers, Inc. assumes you are qualified in designing and
implementing your hardware designs and its related software into your prototype computer equipment
ii
Table of Contents
Preface
Introduction......................................................................................................................................... vii
Technical Support ......................................................................................................................... vii
Introduction
General Description .......................................................................................................................... 1–1
Product Feature Summary................................................................................................................ 1–1
CPU/Motherboard ....................................................................................................................... 1–1
Enhanced Embedded-PC BIOS ................................................................................................... 1–2
Modular PC/104-Plus Expansion Bus ......................................................................................... 1–2
CompactFlash Disk ..................................................................................................................... 1–2
Serial Ports.................................................................................................................................. 1–3
Parallel Port ................................................................................................................................ 1–3
Floppy Interface .......................................................................................................................... 1–3
PCI-Bus EIDE Interfaces ............................................................................................................ 1–3
PCI Audio Interface .................................................................................................................... 1–3
Flat Panel/CRT Display Controller ............................................................................................. 1–4
100 MBps Ethernet LAN Interface ............................................................................................. 1–4
Enhanced Reliability ................................................................................................................... 1–4
Software ............................................................................................................................................ 1–5
Designing Little Board Systems ....................................................................................................... 1–5
On-board MiniModule Expansion ............................................................................................... 1–5
Little Board Development Platform And QuickStart Kit ........................................................... 1–6
Connector Descriptions ............................................................................................................... 1–7
Switch Descriptions (S1 – S5) ..................................................................................................... 1–8
Product Reference
Overview............................................................................................................................................ 2–1
Mounting Dimensions ....................................................................................................................... 2–1
Connector Summary.......................................................................................................................... 2–3
Jumper Summary.............................................................................................................................. 2–6
DC Power........................................................................................................................................... 2–7
Power Requirements ................................................................................................................... 2–7
Other Voltages ............................................................................................................................ 2–7
Switching Power Supplies ........................................................................................................... 2–8
Powerfail NMI ............................................................................................................................. 2–8
Backup Battery ........................................................................................................................... 2–8
Cooling Requirements ....................................................................................................................... 2–8
Thermal Sensor ........................................................................................................................... 2–8
Fan Switch................................................................................................................................... 2–9
iii
System Memory ................................................................................................................................. 2–9
ROM BIOS..................................................................................................................................2–10
Shadowing ..................................................................................................................................2–10
BIOS Recovery ...........................................................................................................................2–10
Interrupt and DMA Channel Usage.................................................................................................2–10
Battery-Backed Clock.......................................................................................................................2–12
Serial Ports.......................................................................................................................................2–12
I/O Addresses and Interrupt Assignments ................................................................................2–13
ROM-BIOS Installation of the Serial Ports ...............................................................................2–13
Serial Port Connectors (J8, J11) ................................................................................................2–13
Serial TTL Option ......................................................................................................................2–15
Ampro Custom Serial Features..................................................................................................2–15
Serial Console Features .............................................................................................................2–15
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Ports....................................................................................................2–17
Infrared (IrDA) Interface .................................................................................................................2–18
Requirements for an IrDA Interface ..........................................................................................2–18
IrDA Connector (Part of Utility J19) .........................................................................................2–18
Multi-Mode Parallel Port .................................................................................................................2–19
I/O Addresses and Interrupts ....................................................................................................2–19
ROM-BIOS Installation of Parallel Ports ..................................................................................2–19
DMA Channels ...........................................................................................................................2–20
Parallel Port Connector (J9) ......................................................................................................2–20
IEEE-1284-compliant Cables .....................................................................................................2–21
Latch-Up Protection ...................................................................................................................2–22
Parallel Port Registers ...............................................................................................................2–22
Standard and Bidirectional Operation ......................................................................................2–22
Enabling the Parallel Port Interrupt .........................................................................................2–23
Floppy Disk Interface.......................................................................................................................2–25
Floppy Drive Considerations......................................................................................................2–25
Floppy Interface Configuration..................................................................................................2–25
Floppy Interface Connector (J14) ..............................................................................................2–26
EIDE Hard Disk Interface ...............................................................................................................2–26
IDE Interface Configuration ......................................................................................................2–28
CompactFlash Solid-State Disk .......................................................................................................2–28
Enabling the Drive .....................................................................................................................2–28
Master/Slave Setting ..................................................................................................................2–28
Solid-State Disk Preparation .....................................................................................................2–28
Audio Interface.................................................................................................................................2–29
Audio Amplifier ..........................................................................................................................2–29
Audio Interface Connector .........................................................................................................2–29
Flat Panel/CRT Video Controller .....................................................................................................2–32
Connecting a Flat Panel (J15)....................................................................................................2–33
BIOS Support of Standard Flat Panels......................................................................................2–35
Connecting a CRT (J17) .............................................................................................................2–35
Disabling the Video Controller ..................................................................................................2–37
Ethernet Network Interface.............................................................................................................2–37
Hardware Description ................................................................................................................2–37
iv
Ethernet RJ45 Interface Connector (J13) ..................................................................................2–37
Ethernet Interface Software ......................................................................................................2–38
Ethernet Setup ...........................................................................................................................2–39
Ethernet Indicator LEDs ...........................................................................................................2–39
Watchdog Timer ...............................................................................................................................2–39
Utility Connectors (J19) ...................................................................................................................2–40
LED Connection .........................................................................................................................2–42
Speaker Connections ..................................................................................................................2–42
Push-button Reset Connection...................................................................................................2–42
Keyboard Connection .................................................................................................................2–42
PS/2 Mouse Connection ..............................................................................................................2–42
IrDA Interface ............................................................................................................................2–43
TTL Serial Ports .........................................................................................................................2–43
Miscellaneous Power Management Signals ...............................................................................2–43
PC/104-Plus Expansion Bus .............................................................................................................2–43
On-board MiniModule Expansion Details..................................................................................2–43
Using Standard PC and AT Bus Cards ......................................................................................2–44
Expansion Bus Connector Pinouts .............................................................................................2–44
Setup ................................................................................................................................................2–48
Setup Help..................................................................................................................................2–48
Setup 1 — Main Menu................................................................................................................2–50
Setup 2 — Standard CMOS Setup .............................................................................................2–51
Setup 3 — BIOS Features Setup................................................................................................2–53
Setup 4 — Chipset Features Setup ............................................................................................2–55
Setup 5 — Power Management Setup........................................................................................2–56
Setup 6 — PCI Configuration Setup ..........................................................................................2–58
Setup 7 — Integrated Peripherals Setup ...................................................................................2–59
Other Setup Screens ..................................................................................................................2–61
Technical Specifications
Little Board P6d Technical Specifications ........................................................................................ 3–1
CPU/Motherboard ....................................................................................................................... 3–1
Embedded-PC System Enhancements ........................................................................................ 3–1
Support Software ........................................................................................................................ 3–3
Mechanical and Environmental Specifications........................................................................... 3–3
Flat Panel Displays ..................................................................................................................... 3–4
Hardware IRQ Map ..................................................................................................................... 3–9
Standards Contact Information
Cables
Index
v
vi
Preface
Introduction
This manual is for integrators and programmers of systems based on the Ampro Little Board P6d,
a full-featured CPU module conforming to the EBX 1.1 technical specification. It contains technical
information about hardware requirements, interconnection, and software configuration.
Technical Support
Ampro Computers, Inc. provides a number of methods for contacting Technical Support listed in the
following Table i. Ampro provides a comprehensive listing of Frequently Asked Questions on our
web site at the Virtual Technician. If you can not find the answers to your questions, please
continue in the Virtual Technician and ask for Personal Assistance. Requests for support through
the web site are given the highest priority, and usually will be addressed within one working day.
!
Internet – Provides the most information concerning Ampro products, including reference
material and white papers.
–
Ampro Virtual Technician – This service is free and available 24 hours a day through the Ampro
Computers World Wide Web site at http://www.ampro.com. However, you must sign in to access
this service.
The Ampro Virtual Technician is a searchable database of Frequently Asked Questions,
which will help you with the common questions asked by most customers. This is good
source of information to look at first for your technical solutions. .
–
Embedded Design Resource Center – This service is also free and available 24 hours-a-day at the
Ampro web site at http://www.ampro.com. However, you must sign in to access this service .
The Embedded Design Resource Center was created as a resource for embedded system
developers to share Ampro's knowledge, insight, and expertise gained from years of
experience. This page contains links to White Papers, Specifications, and additional
technical information.
!
Personal Assistance – This is the quickest way to obtain a response to your support questions.
Please go to the following location on Ampro’s web site to submit your request 24 hours a day, 7
days a week.
http://www.ampro.com/scripts/virtual_technician.exe/people
Table i. USA Technical Support Contact Information
Email
Website
FTP
Surface Mail
techsupport@ampro.com
http://www.ampro.com
ftp://ftp.ampro.com
Ampro Computers, Incorporated
5215 Hellyer Avenue
San Jose, CA
95138-1007, USA
vii
viii
Chapter 1
Introduction
General Description
The Little Board P6d system is a high integration, high-performance Pentium-II based PC/ATcompatible system that conforms to the EBX V1.1 specification. This rugged and high quality
single-board system contains all the component subsystems of a PC/AT PCI motherboard plus the
equivalent of up to six expansion boards. The Little Board P6d system meets the size, power
consumption, temperature range, quality, and reliability demands of embedded system applications.
Key functions on the Little Board P6d module include:
–
High-speed Pentium-II CPU
–
64-bit wide 3.3V SDRAM - up to 256MB
–
–
Dual PCI-bus EIDE/UltraDMA drive
controllers
256KB Internal secondary cache
–
Flat panel/CRT display controller
–
Embedded-PC BIOS in Flash EPROM
–
Sound Blaster Audio
–
Four buffered serial ports (with RS232,
RS485, TTL options)
–
Ethernet 100BaseT LAN interface,
–
CompactFlash solid-state IDE drive
support
–
Standard PS/2 Keyboard/Mouse and
speaker interfaces
–
Two universal serial bus (USB) ports
–
Infrared (IrDA) port
–
Multi-mode IEEE-1284 parallel port
–
Floppy controller
In addition, Ampro has made many improvements to the architecture and firmware of the
traditional desktop PC to optimize it for embedded applications. Among the many embedded-PC
enhancements that ensure fail-safe embedded system operation and application versatility are a
watchdog timer, a powerfail NMI generator, serial console support, serial boot loader, non-battery
boot, failsafe boot, accelerated boot, on-board high-density CompactFlash disk, and BIOS extensions
for OEM boot customization.
System operation requires a single +5 Volt power source (and 3.3 Volts for low-voltage PCI
expansion cards, if required) and offers "green PC" power-saving modes under support of Advanced
Power Management (APM) BIOS functions.
Product Feature Summary
CPU/Motherboard
The Little Board P6d module has a fully compatible PC architecture, with a Pentium-II low-voltage
CPU.
For improved reliability in harsh thermal environments, the board implements a CPU thermal
sensor and configurable thermal-management control logic in the BIOS.
1-1
The board uses a single 3.3V DIMM memory module for main DRAM memory, and supports from
32MB to 256MB in a 64-bit or 72-bit (ECC) configuration.
The module has a full complement of standard PCI PC/AT architectural features, including DMA
channels, interrupt controllers, real-time clock, and timer counters.
Enhanced Embedded-PC BIOS
One of the most valuable features of the Little Board P6d module is its enhanced embedded-PC
BIOS, which includes an extensive set of functions that meet the unique requirements of embeddedsystem applications. These enhancements include:
!
CompactFlash support. You can use a solid-state CompactFlash memory module in place of a
rotating media drive (see CompactFlash Disk, below).
!
Watchdog timer. The WDT monitors the boot process and can be integrated into application
programs using function calls provided in the BIOS.
!
Fast boot operation. Normal or accelerated POST.
!
Fail-safe boot support. Intelligently retries boot devices (configured in the BIOS) until a
successful boot.
!
Battery-free boot support. Saves system Setup information in non-volatile EEPROM. The
board can use this information should the RTC battery fail.
!
Serial console option. Let's you use a serial device, such as an ASCII serial terminal, as console.
!
Serial loader option. Supports loading boot code from an external serial source.
!
EEPROM access function. 256 bits of serial EEPROM storage are available to the user, useful
for serialization, copy protection, security, etc.
!
OEM customization hooks. The module can execute custom code prior to system boot via ROM
extensions; allows sophisticated system customization without BIOS modification.
Modular PC/104-Plus Expansion Bus
The Little Board P6d module provides a PC/104-Plus expansion bus for additional system functions.
This bus offers compact, self-stacking, modular expandability. It is an embedded system version of
the signal set provided on a desktop PC's ISA bus. The PC/104-Plus bus includes this signal set,
and in addition, signals implementing a PCI bus, available on an additional 120-pin PCI bus
connector.
The Little Board P6d module's on-board EIDE, Ethernet, and Audio interface are internally
connected to its PCI bus. In addition, you can attach PCI peripherals to the board's stackable PCI
bus expansion connector in much the same way PC/104 modules are stacked on the PC/104
connectors. The PCI expansion connector consists of 4 rows of 30 pins (120-pin header), and carries
all of the appropriate PCI signals to accommodate up to 4 PCI add-on modules. The bus operates at
clock speeds up to 33MHz.
CompactFlash Disk
The CompactFlash interface allows you to substitute solid-state Flash memory for a conventional
Hard drive. Any DOS-based application, including the operating system, utilities, drivers, and
application programs, can easily be run from the CompactFlash device without modification.
1-2
Little Board P6d Module
The CompactFlash disk is a solid-state or rotating media disk system that emulates an IDE drive.
It uses standard CompactFlash disk media, similar to a PCMCIA memory card, but smaller. Insert
the CompactFlash disk media in the on-board CompactFlash socket, and use it in much the same
way you would use a removable-media hard drive. The CompactFlash drive is architecturally
equivalent to an IDE drive in your system. When installed, it becomes one of the two IDE drives
supported by the primary EIDE disk controller. It can be configured as either an IDE master or
slave drive.
Serial Ports
The Little Board P6d module provides four RS232C serial ports, implemented using 16C550-type
UARTs. These UARTs are equipped with 16-byte FIFO buffers to improve throughput.
Serial ports 1 & 2 have full modem support. There are RS232 level shifters on all signals. The RX
and TX data signals can also be configured as RS485/RS422. The TTL versions of the TX and RX
signals for port 1, 3, and 4 are also brought out to the utility connector. Port 2 TTL TX and RX are
brought out to the Utility connector via the IrDA interface.
Parallel Port
An enhanced bidirectional parallel port interface conforms to the IEEE-1284 standard. It provides
features attractive to embedded system designers, including increased speed, an internal FIFO
buffer, and DMA transfer capability.
Floppy Interface
An on-board floppy disk interface provides access to standard floppy drives. The interface supports
two floppy drives, 5-1/4 inch or 3-1/2 inch. All standard floppy drive types, from 360K at 5-1/4 inch
to 1.44M at 3-1/2 inch are supported.
PCI-Bus EIDE Interfaces
On-board PCI EIDE/Ultra DMA/33 interfaces provide high-speed hard disk, IDE CD-ROM drive,
and other IDE device access. The interfaces support up to four IDE devices (via primary and
secondary drive interfaces). The interfaces are fully compliant with the AS/NSIS ATA Rev. 3.0
specification and the ATAPI Specification.
The CompactFlash interface is implemented as an IDE drive. If it is installed, it takes the position
of one of the drives of the primary IDE interface (settable as a master or slave drive).
PCI Audio Interface
The SoundBlaster™ compatible audio interface is implemented using a combination of the Trident
4DWAVE-NX PCI DirectSound Accelerator, the National LM4549 AD97 CODEC and a National
LM4863 Audio Amplifier.
1-3
Flat Panel/CRT Display Controller
A 69030 video display controller supports both flat panels and CRTs, and offers full software
compatibility with all popular PC video standards (VGA, Super VGA, and VESA). All standard
resolutions up to 1600x1200 pixels at 64K colors for CRTs and up to 1280x1024 pixels at 16.7M
colors for flat panels are supported. 4MB of SDRAM are provided as standard video memory. The
display controller features are:
!
Enhanced AGP Bus Interface – The video controller provides a 66MHz AGP-bus path between
the CPU and the controller.
!
Full IBM VGA compatibility – VESA DPMS and DCC standards supported.
!
Color Flat Panel Support – Up to 16.7 million colors can be displayed on color TFT LCD flat
panels and color STN LCD panels.
!
Dual Independent Displays – The controller provides three different modes, which include two
completely separate and independent video displays (CRT and flat panel) with resolutions up to
1280x1024 at 256 colors at 60Hz.
–
Dual-Pipe Simultaneous Mode – This mode provides the same image on both displays and each
display (CRT or flat panel) can operate at its optimum timing.
–
Dual-Pipe Mosaic Mode – This mode provides two displays with completely different images on
each display and each display can be configured at its optimum resolution/timing.
–
Virtual Desktop Mode – This mode provides a single image or desktop spanned across the two
displays.
!
Automatic Power Sequencing Controls. The video controller provides the signals to safely
sequence the power and data signals to LCD flat panels.
!
Low-Power Modes. The Advanced Power Management (APM) and Advanced Configuration and
Power Management Interface (ACPI) compliant features are implemented in the power control
logic.
!
ZV Port Support. The standard ZV input port for PCMCIA is supported.
100 MBps Ethernet LAN Interface
The Ethernet subsystem is based on the Intel 82559ER 10/100BaseT PCI Ethernet Controller. It
fully supports IEEE 802.3 Ethernet standards - 10BaseT and 100BaseT. Features of this Ethernet
controller include:
!
Chained memory structure
!
Full Duplex support at 10 and 100Mbps
!
IEEE 802.3u Auto-negotiable support
1-4
Little Board P6d Module
Enhanced Reliability
Reliability is especially important in embedded computer systems. Ampro, specializing in
embedded system computers and peripherals, knows that embedded systems must be able to run
reliably in rugged, hostile, and mission-critical environments without operator intervention. Over
the years, Ampro has evolved system designs and a comprehensive testing program to ensure a
reliable and stable system for harsh and demanding applications. These include:
ISO 9001 Manufacturing. Ampro is a certified ISO 9001 vendor. Knowing that many embedded
systems must qualify under EMC emissions and susceptibility testing, Ampro designs boards with
careful attention to EMI issues.
Wide-range temperature testing. Ampro Engineering qualifies all of its designs by extensive
thermal and voltage margin testing.
Shock and Vibration Testing. Ampro products are intended for use in harsh environments and
are designed for shock and vibration durability to MIL-STD 202F, Method 213-I, Condition A
(three 50G shocks in each axis) and MIL-STD 202F, Method 214A, Table 214-I, Condition D (11.95B
random vibration, 100 Hz to 1000 Hz).
Software
The vast array of commercial and public-domain software for the IBM PC and PC/AT is usable in
LB/P6d-based systems. You can use the most popular software development tools (editors,
compilers, debuggers, etc.) for developing code for your application. With this software and the
standard Ampro-supplied utilities and drivers, you can quickly tailor a system to your needs.
Use the board's Setup function for all system configurations. Setup information is stored in both
the battery-backed CMOS RAM-portion of the real-time clock, and in a configuration EEPROM.
Setup information is retained in the EEPROM even if the real-time clock battery loses power,
ensuring reliable start-up.
Setup can be invoked by pressing the DEL key during the Power-On Self Test (POST). The
contents of the EEPROM can be written and read from the DOS command line using a utility
program, SETCMOS.EXE, available on the Little Board P6d Utilities diskette.
Designing Little Board Systems
The board affords a great deal of flexibility in system design. You can build a system using only the
Little Board, serial or parallel devices for input/output, and a solid-state disk drive.
On-board MiniModule Expansion
The simplest way to expand a Little Board system is with self-stacking Ampro MiniModules.
MiniModules are available for a wide variety of functions. You can stack the MiniModules on the
Little Board and avoid the need for bus cables, card cages, and backplanes. For detailed
information, see page 2-43.
1-5
Little Board Development Platform And QuickStart Kit
To help developers quickly assemble an embedded system, Ampro offers the Little Board
Development Platform. It includes a power supply, 3-1/2 inch 1.44M floppy disk drive, IDE hard
drive, CD ROM drive, speaker, I/O connectors, a backplane for ISA and PCI expansion cards, an I/O
development board (described below), and mounting studs for the Little Board.
The Development Platform provides a "known good" environment for your development work. You
can install the Little Board P6d module, MiniModules, or conventional expansion boards, keyboard,
monitor, and I/O devices to quickly create a platform for your hardware and software engineering
needs.
The QuickStart Kit includes cables, documentation, and software needed to develop an application
with the Little Board. Unlike the Development Platform, you must supply the disk drives and
power supply. Technical drawings for the cables provided in the QuickStart Kit are included in
Appendix B.
There are other kits available from Ampro to aid in the development of your application. A Cable
Kit that includes only the Little Board P6d cable set is available.
To facilitate connections to the Little Board P6d utility connectors, Ampro provides the Little Board
P6d Utility I/O Development Board. Figure 1-1 is an illustration of the I/O Development board
showing the connectors and switches that are provided. It is included in the Development Platform
Kit and the QuickStart Kit.
Figure 1-1. I/O Development Board
1-6
Little Board P6d Module
The Little Board P6d Utility I/O Development Board provides connections for the speaker,
keyboard, mouse, IrDA, TTL serial, front panel switches, misc. power management signals, external
power supply connections, and so forth.
Table 1-1 summarizes the connectors available on the I/O Development Board.
Table 1-1. I/O Development Board Connector Summary
Connector
Name
Description
J1
Utility
Connect to Little Board P6d Utility
J2
Power
Provides connections for -12V and -5V
J3
Misc.
Misc. Power Management and TTL Serial
J4
Keyboard
J5
Mouse
Plug in a standard PS/2 Keyboard
Plug in PS/2 Mouse
Connector Descriptions
The following sections describe the use of each connector on the I/O Development Board.
J1 — Utility
The Utility connector connects to the Little Board P6d Utility connector. It provides connections to
an on-board speaker, keyboard connector, Mouse connector, reset switch, IrDA Transceiver, TTL
RS232 signals, misc. power management I/O, and a connector for external -5V and -12V power
supplies, and a power LED.
If you have the Ampro QuickStart Kit, connect a ribbon cable between J1 on the I/O Development
Board and J19 on the Little Board.
J2 — Power
You can use J2 to connect -5V and -12V power supplies to the Little Board.
Table 1-2. –5V and –12V Power Wiring
Pin #
Signal
1
-12 Volts
3
-5 Volts
2, 4
Ground
1-7
J3 — Misc.
This connector contains miscellaneous Power Management signals and the TTL serial.
Table 1-3. Miscellaneous Power Management and TTL Wiring
Pin #
Signal
Pin #
Signal
1
TTL_TX3
2
TTL_RX1
3
TTL_RX3
4
TTL_TX1
5
TTL_GND
6
SMBALRT
7
TTL_TX4
8
SMBDATA
9
TTL_RX4
10
SMBCLK
J4 — Keyboard
You can use J4 to connect a PS/2 keyboard. J4 is a standard 5-pin DIN connector.
J5 — Mouse
You can use J5 to connect a PS/2 mouse. J5 is a standard 6-pin mini-DIN connector.
Switch Descriptions (S1 – S5)
There are five switches on the I/O Development Board. They’re described in Table 1-4.
Table 1-4. I/O Development Board Switches
1-8
Switch
Name
Description
S1
LID
S2
PWR
S3
LO BAT
Power management input: causes an SMI to simulate a low-battery
condition.
S4
RESET
Standard Reset signal to the Little Board
S5
RI
Power management input: causes an SMI to simulate a laptop lid closure.
Power management input (push-button switch): when pushed for 6
seconds, it powers down the board. When pressed again, the board
powers up.
Ring Indicator: causes an SMI to simulate a laptop modem ring.
Little Board P6d Module
Figure 1-2 is a block diagram of the Little Board P6d architecture.
CPU
Temp
DRAM
DIMM
443BX
Serial
EEPROM
USB (2)
PCI/120 Bus
PIIX4E
Audio
Video
100BaseT
Ethernet
PC/104 Bus
IDE (4)
Buffer
Compact
Flash
Floppy
Multi-I/O
Parallel
BIOS
Serial 1, 2
RTC
Keyboard
Mouse
I/O
Serial 3, 4
Figure 1-2. System Block Diagram
1-9
1-10
Chapter 2
Product Reference
Overview
This chapter contains the technical information you will need to install and configure the Little
Board P6d system. The information is presented in the following order:
!
Mounting Dimensions (page 2-1)
!
Connector Summary (page 2-3)
!
Jumper Summary (page 2-6)
!
DC Power (page 2-7)
!
System Memory (page 2-9)
!
Battery Backed Clock (page 2-12)
!
Serial Ports (page 2-12)
!
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Ports (page 2-17)
!
IrDA Port (page 2-18)
!
Parallel Port (page 2-19)
!
Floppy Interface (page 2-25)
!
EIDE Hard Disk Interface (page 2-26)
!
CompactFlash (page 2-28)
!
Audio Interface (page 2-29)
!
Flat Panel/CRT Video Controller (page 2-32)
!
Ethernet Network Interface (page 2-37)
!
Watchdog Timer (page 2-39)
!
Utility Connector Wiring (page 2-40)
!
Expansion Busses (page 2-43 )
!
Setup Function (page 2-48)
Mounting Dimensions
Figure 2-1 shows the Little Board P6d module’s mounting dimensions.
2-1
5.350
4.650
4.200
3.125
2.875
2.675
1.500
.750
.050
.250
.100
7.800
7.600
7.500
7.600
7.150
7.100
7.175
6.875
6.800
6.575
6.475
6.200
5.975
5.700
5.800
5.625
5.325
3.100
2.800
2.700
2.650
1.850
1.025
.400
.350
.207
.175
0.0
0.0
5.550
5.350
2.250
4.950
4.575
4.000
3.125
2.111
2.293
2.325
2.625
1.875
.650
.575
0.0
.200
.200
Figure 2-1. Little Board P6d Module with Mounting Dimensions
2-2
Little Board P6d Module
Connector Summary
Refer to Figure 2-2. Little Board P6d Connector and Jumper Locations for the locations of the
connectors (J1 – J21) and configuration jumpers (W1 – W9). Table 2-1 summarizes the use of the
I/O connectors.
Each interface is described in its own section, showing connector pinouts, signal definitions,
required mating connectors, and configuration jumper options.
Many of the connectors have a key pin removed. This allows you to block the corresponding cable
connector socket to help prevent improper assembly. Table 2-1 indicates which pins are key pins.
Table 2-1. Connector Summary
Connector
Function
Size
Key Pin
J1 A/B
PC/104 Expansion Bus
64-Pin
B10
J2 C/D
PC/104 Expansion Bus
40-pin
C19
J3
PCI Bus
120-pin
A1/D30*
J4
USB 1
5-PIN
Mechanical Key**
J5
USB 2
5-PIN
Mechanical Key**
J6
IDE1 Interface
44-pin 2mm
20
J7
IDE2 Interface
44-pin 2mm
20
J8
Serial 1 and Serial 2
20-pin
None
J9
Parallel Port
26-pin
26
J10
(J100)
Power, +5V, +12V, +3.3V
(J100 Alternate Connector)
7-pin Molex
Mechanical Key**
J11
Serial 3 and Serial 4
20-pin
None
J12
Audio Interface
26-pin 2mm
25
J13
Ethernet Twisted Pair
RJ45
Mechanical Key**
J14
Ethernet Option
6-pin
None
J15
Flat Panel Video
50-pin 2mm
None
J16
Video ZOOM
26-pin 2mm
None
J17
CRT Video
10-pin
None
J18
Floppy Interface
26-pin 2mm
1
J19
Utility
44-pin 2mm
31
J21
Fan Power
3-pin
None
J22
CompactFlash
50-pin
Mechanical Key**
Notes: *A1 and D30 keys are used to key the PCI connector for 5V or 3.3V respectively.
**Connector provides keying mechanism .
2-3
Most I/O connectors are shrouded dual-row male headers for use with flat ribbon (IDC) female
connectors and ribbon cable.
Note
Ampro recommends using “center-bump polarized” connectors to
prevent accidentally installing cables backwards.
You can also design a PC board assembly, made with female connectors in the same relative
positions as the Little Board’s connectors, to eliminate cables, meet packaging requirements, add
EMI filtering, or customize your installation in other ways. Precise dimensions for locating
connectors are provided in Figure 2-1.
The ISA portion of the PC/104-Plus bus appears on connector J1A, J1B, J2C, and J2D. You can
expand the system with on-board MiniModule products or other PC/104-compliant expansion
modules. These modules stack directly on the connectors, or use conventional or custom expansion
hardware, including solutions available from Ampro.
The PCI portion of the PC/104-Plus expansion bus appears on connector J3. It uses a 2 mm 4-row
connector called out in the PC/104-Plus draft specification. Like the J1, J2 connector, J3 has both
male and female connections, allowing for “stackthrough” assembly.
2-4
CRT
J17
J16
J15
J21
W10
W3
J1
J3
J13
J22
W7
W6 J7
W2
J10
J6
W4
J8
J9
J100
Little Board P6d Module
Figure 2-2. Little Board P6d Connector and Jumper Locations
2-5
Jumper Summary
Ampro installs option jumpers in default positions so that in most cases the Little Board P6d
module requires no special jumpering for standard AT operation. You can connect the power and
peripherals and operate it immediately.
Jumper-pin arrays are designated W1, W2, and so forth. Jumper pins are spaced 2 mm apart. A
square solder pad identifies pin 1 of each jumper array. Table 2-2 is a summary of jumper use.
Factory settings are shown in the Default column. Some jumpers are set at the factory to configure
options that are not user-settable. These are indicated in the table. Do not change these settings.
Table 2-2. Configuration Jumper Summary
Jumper Group
2-6
Function
Default
W1
CompactFlash IDE Master/Slave
ON=Master, OFF=Slave
ON
W2
BIOS Flash EPROM Programming Power
ON=Programming enabled
OFF= Programming disabled
ON
W3
External BIOS Board Enable/Cable Connection
ON=Normal, OFF=External Cable
ON
W4
Serial 1 RS485 100 Ohm Termination
ON=Terminated, OFF=Unterminated
OFF
W5
Serial 2 RS485 100 Ohm Termination
ON=Terminated, OFF=Unterminated
OFF
W6
Serial 3 RS485 100 Ohm Termination
ON=Terminated, OFF=Unterminated
OFF
W7
Serial 4 RS485 100 Ohm Termination
ON=Terminated, OFF=Unterminated
OFF
W8
Local Head Phone Enable
ON = Enable Local HP, OFF = Disable HP
OFF
W9
Watchdog timer reset enable
ON=Enabled, OFF=Disabled
OFF
Little Board P6d Module
DC Power
The power connector J10 is a 7-pin polarized connector. Refer to Table 2-3 for power connections
and Table 2-4 for mating connector information.
Caution
To prevent damage to the Little Board P6d or its power connector,
ensure the power plug is wired correctly before applying power to the
module!! See Table 2-3.
Table 2-3. Power Connector (J10)
Pin #
Signal Name
Function
1, 7
+5VDC
+5VDC ±5% input
2, 3, 6
Ground
Ground return
4
+12VDC
+12VDC ±5% input
5
+3.3VDC
+3.3V ±5% input
(Only required for some PCI expansion boards)
Table 2-4. J10 Mating Connector
Connector Type
Mating Connector
DISCRETE WIRE
MOLEX HOUSING 09-50-8073
Pins 08-52-0071
Power Requirements
The Little Board P6d module requires only +5VDC (±5%) for operation. The voltage required for
the RS232 ports is generated on-board from the +5VDC supply. An on-board low-voltage power
supply circuit provides power to low-voltage CPUs and certain other on-board components.
The exact power requirement of the Little Board P6d system depends on several factors, including
the CPU speed, the peripheral connections, and which, if any, MiniModule products or other
expansion boards are attached. For example, the keyboard draws its power from the board, and
there can be some loading from the serial, parallel, and other peripheral ports. Consult the
specifications in Chapter 3 for the basic power requirements of your model.
Other Voltages
There may be a requirement for an external +12 volt supply, depending on what peripherals you
connect to the Little Board system. For instance, +12V is required for most flat panel backlight
power supplies. You can connect a +12V supply to the Little Board module through the power
connector, J10. This will supply +12V to the ISA and PCI portions of the PC/104 expansion busses.
Similarly, you can connect -12V and -5V to the Utility Connector, to supply those voltages to both
expansion busses. Pinouts for the Utility Connector are provided in Table 2-4.
2-7
If a PCI expansion card requiring 3.3V is installed, that voltage can be connected to J10-5 to supply
power to J3, the PCI bus interface connector.
Switching Power Supplies
If you use a switching power supply, be sure it regulates properly with the load your system draws.
Some switching power supplies do not regulate properly unless they are loaded to some minimum
value. If this is the case with your supply, consult the manufacturer about additional loading, or
use another supply or another type of power source (such as a linear supply, batteries, etc.). The
minimum power for the Little Board P6d system appears in the power specifications in Chapter 1.
Powerfail NMI
The Little Board P6d module includes a circuit that can sense a power failure. If the +5V power
supply falls below ~4.7V, the powerfail logic produces a non-maskable interrupt (NMI).
When a NMI occurs, the BIOS detects the NMI and displays the message “Power Fail NMI” on the
console. At this point you have two options via the keyboard. You can mask the NMI and continue
(the PC architecture provides a mask bit for the non-maskable interrupt), or reboot the system.
If you want your system to respond to the NMI, you can provide a NMI handler in your application,
and patch the NMI interrupt vector address to point to your routine.
Backup Battery
The Real-Time Clock Battery on the Little Board P6d module should last 10 years under normal
usage.
Cooling Requirements
The Pentium-II CPU, DRAM module, video controller, and core logic chips draw most of the power
and generate most of the heat. The board is designed to support various speed versions of the
Pentium-II from 333MHz to 366MHz with a 66MHz clock speed.
A heat sink and fan are provided for the CPU and a thermal sensor is used to monitor the CPU
temperature, as described below.
Thermal Sensor
A thermal sensor monitors the internal temperature of the Pentium-II CPU. If the thermal sensor
detects the CPU temperature has exceeded its upper temperature threshold (100°C/212°F), the
thermal sensor’s logic sends a signal to the BIOS to reduce the CPU clock speed. This speed
reduction remains in effect until the processor has cooled to the lower sensor limit. Choosing to
operate the CPU at a temperature higher than this upper limit should be avoided due to the
possibility of CPU damage and its erratic operating speed.
2-8
Little Board P6d Module
Fan Connector
Figure 2-3 shows the connection between the fan and J21. The pinout of J21 is shown in Table 2-5.
5V CPU Fan
J21
1
-
2
+
TACH
Figure 2-3. CPU Fan Connection (J21)
Table 2-5. Fan Power Connector (J21)
Pin #
Function
1
Switched Ground
2
+5V Power
3
TACH Output
System Memory
The module supports a single 168-pin DIMM socket. The system supports both 64-bit SDRAM and
72-bit SDRAM. The 72-bit SDRAM is used to support ECC (Error Detection And Correction). You
can install from 32MB to 256MB, depending on your memory needs.
The ROM BIOS automatically detects the size of the installed memory module and configures the
system accordingly at boot time (No jumpering or manual configuration is required.). The amount
of memory the BIOS measures can be displayed by running Setup. Memory error correction (ECC)
is supported by the chip set used on the Little Board P6d module. DRAM memory is allocated in
the system as shown in Table 2-6.
2-9
Table 2-6. System Memory Map
Memory Address
Function
FE0000h - FFFFFFh
Duplicates BIOS at 0E0000-0FFFFFh.
100000h - FDFFFFh
Extended memory
0E0000h - 0FFFFFh
128K ROM BIOS
0D0000h - 0DFFFFh
BIOS extension option, if enabled. Otherwise, free.
0CB000h - 0CFFFFh
USB
0C0000h - 0CAFFFh
Video BIOS (44K)
0A0000h - 0BFFFFh
Normally contains video RAM, as follows:
CGA Video: B8000-BFFFFh
Monochrome: B0000-B7FFFh
EGA and VGA video: A0000-AFFFFh
000000h - 09FFFFh
Lower 640K DRAM
ROM BIOS
The standard BIOS is installed in a 256KB Flash device at the factory. The top 128KB of the Flash
device is reserved for the system BIOS, located at 000E0000h – 000FFFFFh and mirrored at the top
of the memory address space. The remaining 128KB are mapped only to the top of memory.
A utility program, PGM6X.COM, can be used to program the on-board Flash device. It can be used
to update the system BIOS, video BIOS, or user area. The utility is included on the utility diskette
that accompanies the Ampro Development Platform. The diskette includes documentation about
how to use the program.
Shadowing
To improve system performance, the contents of the ROM BIOS and video BIOS are copied into
DRAM for execution (“shadowed”), where they are accessed as 64-bit wide data. Shadowing a BIOS
ROM substantially enhances system performance. Shadowing for both the ROM and video BIOS is
built into the Ampro Extended BIOS. There is no user setting.
BIOS Recovery
If the BIOS Flash device somehow becomes corrupted, the Little Board P6d system may not boot.
In this case, the BIOS will have to be reprogrammed. A disk with an image of the current BIOS
along with the Utility PGM6X.COM may be used to restore the BIOS image. Before this can be
done, the Little Board P6d system needs to be Booted and running DOS.
Interrupt and DMA Channel Usage
The PC architecture provides several interrupt and DMA control signals. When you expand the
system through the ISA portion of the PC/104-Plus bus with MiniModule products or plug-in cards
that require either interrupt or DMA support, you must select which interrupt or DMA channel to
use. Typically this involves switches or jumpers on the expansion module. In most cases, these are
not shared resources. It is important that you configure the new module to use an interrupt or
2-10
Little Board P6d Module
DMA channel not already in use. For your convenience, Table 2-7 and Table 2-8 provide a summary
of the normal interrupt and DMA channel assignments on the Little Board P6d module.
The PCI bus uses four interrupts (INTA*, INTB*, INTC*, and INTD*). These interrupts are
mapped to any of the available ISA interrupts by the BIOS. If an expansion card has multiple
functions, then more interrupts may be required. You can set the priority in which interrupts are
assigned on Setup 6 — PCI Configuration Setup.
Table 2-7. Interrupt Channel Assignments
Interrupt
Function
IRQ0
ROM BIOS clock tick function, from Timer 0
IRQ1
Keyboard interrupt
IRQ2
Cascade input for IRQ8-15
IRQ3
Serial 2, Serial 4
IRQ4
Serial 1, Serial 3
IRQ5
PCI
IRQ6
Floppy controller
IRQ7
Parallel port (option)
IRQ8
Reserved for battery-backed clock alarm
IRQ9
PCI
IRQ10
PCI, Serial 3, Serial 4
IRQ11
PCI
IRQ12
PS/2 Mouse, Serial 3, Serial 4
IRQ13
Reserved for coprocessor
IRQ14
Primary IDE hard disk controller
IRQ15
Secondary IDE hard disk controller
Note: IRQs for the Ethernet, Video, and Audio interfaces are automatically assigned
by the BIOS plug and play logic.
PCI Interrupts assigned during initialization cannot be used by non-PCI
devices.
2-11
Table 2-8. DMA Channel Assignments
Channel
Function
0
Available for 8-bit transfers
1
Available for 8-bit transfers
2
Floppy controller
3
Available for 8-bit transfers
4
Cascade for channels 0-3
5
Available for 16-bit transfers
6
Available for 16-bit transfers
7
Available for 16-bit transfers
Battery-Backed Clock
An AT-compatible battery-backed real-time clock (with CMOS RAM) is standard on the Little Board
P6d module. A 3.0 volt Lithium battery soldered to the board powers the clock. Battery drain for
the clock is less than 0.4 uA. This battery will support the clock for more than 10 years of normal
usage.
The factory initializes the real-time clock and various parameters in the configuration memory for a
standard configuration. The factory sets the date and time, but it may not be set for your time
zone. Use Setup to change these values as needed.
The contents of the configuration memory are also stored in an on-board EEPROM. The ROM BIOS
reads the EEPROM to get configuration information if the CMOS RAM data is lost. This means the
board will function if the battery fails.
Note
The real-time clock date and time will not be correct without a
battery, or after the battery fails.
Serial Ports
The Little Board P6d module provides four RS232C serial ports, Serial 1 and Serial 2 at J8, and
Serial 3 and Serial 4 at J11.
Serial 1 and Serial 2 have full modem support. Serial 3 and Serial 4 support only RXD, TXD, RTS,
CTS. All ports support software selectable standard baud rates up to 115.2Kbps, 5-8 data bits, and
1, 1.5, or 2 stop bits.
Note
The IEEE RS232C specification limits the serial port to 19.2Kbps on
cables up to 50 feet in length.
2-12
Little Board P6d Module
I/O Addresses and Interrupt Assignments
The serial ports appear at the standard port addresses as shown in Table 2-9. Each serial port can
be independently disabled using the Setup function, freeing its I/O addresses for use by other
devices installed on the PC/104 and PCI expansion buses. When a serial port is disabled, its I/O
addresses and IRQ are available to other peripherals installed on the PC/104 expansion bus. You
can disable any of the serial ports using Setup.
Table 2-9 also shows the IRQs assigned to each serial port.
Note
Serial 3 and Serial 4 ports may use interrupts IRQ10 (PCI) and IRQ12
(PS/2 Mouse), but these IRQs can only be allotted to one device or port
at a time. For example, if you are using IRQ10 for a Serial Port 3 and
also have it assigned to the PCI bus, the serial interrupt will not
occur. You may disable the PCI slot or PS/2 Mouse, to free the IRQ.
Table 2-9. Serial Port I/O Addresses and Interrupts
Port
I/O Address
Interrupt
Serial 1
3F8h - 3FFh
3, 4
Serial 2
2F8h - 2FFh
3, 4
Serial 3
3E8h - 3EFh
3, 4, 10, 12
Serial 4
2E8h - 2EFh
3, 4, 10, 12
ROM-BIOS Installation of the Serial Ports
Normally, the ROM BIOS supports Serial 1 as the DOS COM1 device, Serial 2 as the DOS COM2
device, and so on. If you desire a serial port, and there is no substitute serial port in the system,
then the ROM-BIOS assigns the COMn designations in sequence as it finds the serial ports,
starting from the primary serial port and searching to the last one, Serial 4. Thus, for example, if
Serial 1 and Serial 3 are disabled, the ROM-BIOS assigns COM1 to Serial 2 and COM2 to Serial 4.
Serial Port Connectors (J8, J11)
Serial 1 and Serial 2 appear on connector J8; Serial 3 and Serial 4 appear on connector J11. Table
2-10 gives the connector pinout and signal definitions for J8 and J11. Table 2-11 gives the
RS485/RS422 serial port connections.
The table also indicates the pins to which each signal is wired for compatibility with DB25 and DB9
connectors. The serial port pinout is arranged so that you can use a flat ribbon cable between the
header and a standard DB9 connector. Split a 20-wire ribbon cable into two 10-wire sections, each
one going to a DB9 connector. Normally PC serial ports use male DB connectors. Table 2-12 shows
the manufacturer’s part number for mating connectors.
The RS485/RS422 interface requires that the receiving end of the twisted-pair cable be terminated
with 100 ohm resistors. You can terminate the RS485 interface with a resistor provided on the
Little Board P6d module. To terminate the line, install a jumper on W4-W7, as shown in Table 2-13
.
2-13
Table 2-10. RS232 Serial Port Connection
Ports
Pin #
Signal Name
Serial 1 (J8)
or
Serial 3 (J11)
1
DCD
Serial 2 (J8)
or
Serial 4 (J11)
Function
In/Out
DB25 Pin
DB9 Pin
1
Data Carrier Detect
IN
8
1
1
Data Set Ready
in
6
6
2
DSR
3
RXD
Receive Data
in
3
2
4
RTS
Request To Send
out
4
7
5
TXD
Transmit Data
out
2
3
6
CTS
Clear to Send
in
5
8
Data Terminal Ready
out
20
4
Ring Indicator
in
22
9
1
7
DTR
8
RI
1
9
GND
Signal Ground
-
7
5
10
N/A
No Connection
-
-
-
11
DCD
1
Data Carrier Detect
IN
8
1
1
Data Set Ready
in
6
6
12
DSR
13
RXD
Receive Data
in
3
2
14
RTS
Request To Send
out
4
7
15
TXD
Transmit Data
out
2
3
16
CTS
Clear to Send
in
5
8
Data Terminal Ready
out
20
4
Ring Indicator
in
22
9
1
17
DTR
18
RI
1
19
GND
Signal Ground
-
7
5
20
TXT
TxD at TTL level
-
-
-
Note 1: Not supported on Serial 3 and Serial 4
Table 2-11. RS485/RS422 Serial Port Connection
Ports
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
DB25
Pin
DB9
Pin
Serial 1 (J8)
or
Serial 3 (J11)
3
RXD-
Receive Data -
3
2
4
TXD+
Transmit Data +
4
7
5
TXD-
Transmit Data -
2
3
6
RXD+
Receive Data +
5
8
9
GND
Signal Ground
7
5
13
RXD-
Receive Data -
3
2
14
TXD+
Transmit Data +
4
7
15
TXD-
Transmit Data -
2
3
16
RXD+
Receive Data +
5
8
19
GND
Signal Ground
7
5
Serial 2 (J8)
or
Serial 4 (J11)
Note: For RS485, externally connect TXD+ to RXD+ and TXD- to RXD2-14
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-12. J8 and J11 Mating Connector
Connector Type
RIBBON
DISCRETE WIRE
Mating Connector
3M 3421-7600
Latching Clip 3505-8020
MOLEX HOUSING 22-55-2202
PIN 16-02-0103
Table 2-13. RS485 Termination
Jumper
Result
W4
On Serial 1 Terminated
Off Serial 1 Unterminated
W5
On Serial 2 Terminated
Off Serial 2 Unterminated
W6
On Serial 3 Terminated
Off Serial 3 Unterminated
W7
On Serial 4 Terminated
Off Serial 4 Unterminated
Serial TTL Option
The TTL version of each of the four serial ports is brought out to the Utility connector. Serial 2
TTL can be configured to be output via the IrDA signals. The remaining three TTL serial ports are
connected directly through the utility connector. The serial port signals appear as shown in Table
2-38. Utility Connector (J19).
Ampro Custom Serial Features
The Ampro extended BIOS provides custom serial port features useful in embedded applications.
The serial console feature enables you to operate the Little Board P6d system from a standard
ASCII terminal, replacing the standard keyboard and display devices. See Serial Console Features,
below, for a description of the serial console capabilities.
The serial boot facility enables the Little Board P6d system to boot from code downloaded through a
serial port in a manner similar to booting from a local hard disk or from a network.
The serial download feature permits updating the OEM Flash memory device over a serial port.
Refer to Ampro Application Note AAN-9403 for a complete description of these features. Refer to
the Ampro Common Utilities manual for descriptions of SERLOAD and SERPROG, utility programs
used to support serial booting and serial downloading.
Serial Console Features
You can connect a device, such as an ASCII video terminal or PC running a video terminal
emulation program, to either serial port to act as your system console. To use the serial console
features, connect a serial console device to Serial 1 or Serial 2. Use Setup to enable the serial
console feature. When enabled, the serial console is set up for:
2-15
!
9600 baud
!
No parity
!
8 bits
!
One stop bit
To use an ASCII terminal as the console device for your system, set the serial baud rate, parity,
data length, and stop bits of the terminal to match the serial console settings. For proper display of
Setup and POST messages from the BIOS, you must use an IEEE-compatible terminal or terminal
emulation program that implements the standard ASCII cursor commands. The required
commands and their hexadecimal codes are listed in Table 2-14.
Some Programs that emulate an ASCII terminal do not properly support the basic ASCII command
functions shown in Table 2-14. Ampro provides a suitable PC terminal emulator program,
TVTERM, on the Common Utilities diskette.
After booting this system, the keyboard and screen of the serial terminal become the system
console.
Note
The programs you execute via the serial terminal must use ROM
BIOS video functions (rather than direct screen addressing) for the
display I/O. Some programs that emulate an ASCII terminal do not
properly support the basic ASCII command functions shown in Table
2-14. Ampro provides a suitable PC terminal emulator program,
TVTERM, on the Common Utilities diskette.
After booting this system, the keyboard and screen of the serial terminal become the system
console. The programs you execute via the serial terminal must use ROM BIOS video functions
(rather than direct screen addressing) for the display I/O.
Note
DOS programs that write directly to video RAM will not display
properly on a serial console device.
Table 2-14. Required Cursor Commands
Hex
Command
08
Backspace
0A
Line Feed
0B
Vertical Tab
0C
Non-destructive Space
0D
Carriage Return
Using a Standard PC Keyboard
If you have both a serial terminal and a standard keyboard attached to your system at the same
time, both keyboards will function.
2-16
Little Board P6d Module
Using Arrow Keys During Setup
During Setup, the serial console arrow keys and function keys must be simulated. To simulate the
function keys, enter two keystrokes, an “F” followed by the function key number. Thus, function
key F3 is simulated with the literal “F3” typed on the keyboard. (Don’t type the quotes). F10 is
simulated with “F0”.
Note
The keystroke simulations are only valid during Setup, not during
normal operation. The arrow keys are simulated with the substitute
keystrokes shown in Table 2-15.
Table 2-15. Arrow Key Substitutions
Function
Substitute Keys
Up
^ or Ctrl e
Down
v or Ctrl x
Right
> or Ctrl d
Left
< or Ctrl s
PgUp
Ctrl r
PgDn
Ctrl c
COM Port Table
When the system boots under DOS, the serial ports are initialized to 9600 baud (typical). To
preserve the selected console port parameters stored in Setup, the Ampro ROM BIOS deletes the
selected console port from the internal COM port table, normally used by DOS to locate the serial
ports. With the port deleted from the COM port table, DOS cannot change its parameters. Because
it is not listed in the BIOS COM port table, it is not assigned a COMn designation (COM1, COM2,
etc.).
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Ports
The Universal Serial Bus connects USB devices with a USB host, in this case, the Little Board P6d
module. The USB physical interconnect is a tiered star topology, or tree, consisting of hubs and
USB devices. Each USB segment is a point-to-point connection between hubs or between hubs and
USB devices. The entire tree can support up to 127 USB devices. The USB interface standard is
for keyboards, mice, modems, digitizer pads, and other low- to medium-speed peripherals. The bus
can run at 12Mbps or 1.5Mbps, depending on the pull-up resistor on the peripheral device. A 1.5k
ohm pull-up on the +data line sets the speed to 12Mbps. A 1.5k ohm pull-up on the -data line sets
the speed to 1.5Mbps. The power to the peripheral device is current limited with self-resetting
fuses. Each USB interface is implemented as a two-wire differential pair for data, a power wire, a
ground wire, and a shield wire. The USB port signals appear on the two USB connectors (J4 and
J5), as shown in Table 2-16 and Table 2-17.
2-17
Table 2-16. USB Port 1 Pinout
J4 Pin #
Signal Name
Function
1
USBPWR1
USB1 +5 Volt Power
2
USBP-1
USB1 Data-
3
USBP+1
USB1 Data+
4
USBGND1
Ground
5
SHIELD1
Cable Shield for USB1
Table 2-17. USB Port 2 Pinout
J5 Pin #
Signal Name
Function
1
USBPWR2
USB2 +5 Volt Power
2
USBP-2
USB2 Data-
3
USBP+2
USB2 Data+
4
USBGND2
Ground
5
SHIELD2
Cable Shield for USB2
Infrared (IrDA) Interface
The Little Board P6d infrared interface provides for a two-way wireless communications port using
infrared as a transmission medium. The Little Board P6d IrDA interface supports both SIR (Serial
Infrared) and FIR (Fast Infrared) standards . The SIR standard allows serial communication at
baud rates up to
115K Baud. The FIR standard allows data rates up to 4Mbps.
Requirements for an IrDA Interface
On the Little Board P6d module, the IrDA physical link hardware consists of an IR transmit
encoder and IR receiver decoder. To implement an IrDA port, the OEM must supply an IR
transducer, which consists of the output driver and IR emitter for transmitting, and the receiver IR
detector. Particular IR transducers may require additional external components.
The IrDA port uses the second serial port to drive its internal encoder/decoder. When using the
IrDA interface, you cannot use serial 2 as an RS232, RS485, or RS422 port.
IrDA Connector (Part of Utility J19)
There are two popular implementations of Fast IR. One uses a separate receive line capable of
receiving at the higher data rate (up to 4 Mbytes/second). The other is implemented with a mode
control line. When the IR port is set for high speed, the mode select line (IRMODE) is high. This
switches the external transceiver to high speed mode. The IrDA port pinout is listed in Table 2-18.
2-18
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-18. IrDA Interface Pinout
J19 Pin #
Signal Name
Function
18
IRMODE /IRRXB
Fast IR Receive/Mode Input
19
IRTX
IR Transmit
20
IRRXA
IR Receive (SIR)
Multi-Mode Parallel Port
The Little Board P6d system incorporates a multi-mode parallel port. This port supports four
modes of operation:
!
Standard PC/AT printer port (output only)
!
PS/2-compatible bidirectional parallel port (SPP)
!
Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP)
!
Extended Capabilities Port (ECP)
This section lists the pinout of the parallel port connector and describes how to configure it for its
I/O port and interrupt assignments, how to assign a DMA channel to the port when operating in
ECP mode. And programming information, including how to use the port for bidirectional I/O.
I/O Addresses and Interrupts
The parallel port functions are controlled by eight I/O ports and their associated register and
control functionality. The Little Board P6d parallel port is assigned to the primary parallel port
address normally assigned to LPT1 and cannot be changed. You may disable the port in Setup to
free the hardware resources for other peripherals.
The parallel port can be configured to generate an interrupt request upon a variety of conditions,
depending on the mode the port is in. Assignment of an interrupt to the parallel port is optional,
and its use depends on software requirements and which mode of operation you are using. IRQ 7 is
the default parallel port IRQ assignment. Table 2-19 lists the parallel port addresses and IRQs.
Table 2-19. Parallel Printer I/O Addresses and Interrupt
Selection
I/O Address
Interrupt
Primary
378h - 37Fh
7
Secondary
278h - 27Fh
5
Secondary
3BCh - 3BFh
7
Disable
None
None
ROM-BIOS Installation of Parallel Ports
Normally, the BIOS assigns the name LPT1 to the primary parallel port, and LPT2 to the secondary
parallel port (if present), and so on. However, the BIOS scans the standard addresses for parallel
ports and if it only finds a secondary port, it assigns LPT1 to that one. Therefore, if the Little
Board’s parallel port is enabled, it will be assigned LPT1 by the BIOS. If it is disabled and there is
another parallel port in your system, that port will be assigned LPT1 by the BIOS.
2-19
The ROM-BIOS scans I/O addresses for parallel ports in the following order: 3BCh, 378h, 278h.
DMA Channels
In ECP enhancement mode, the parallel port can send and receive data under control of an onboard DMA controller. On the Little Board P6d module, select a DMA channel in Setup. You can
configure the parallel port to use either DMA channel 1 or DMA channel 3. If you will not be using
DMA with the parallel port, leave it disabled. This makes the DMA channel available to other
peripherals installed on the expansion buses.
Parallel Port Connector (J9)
The parallel port appears on J9. Its pinout is arranged so that a 26-pin ribbon cable can be directly
connected to a 25-pin DB-25 connector to match the PC standard pinout.
Table 2-20 gives the connector pinout and signal definitions for the parallel port. In addition, the
table indicates the pins to which each signal must be wired for compatibility with a standard DB25
connector. Normally the PC parallel port uses a female “DB“ connector.
2-20
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-20. Parallel Port Connections (J9)
Pin #
Signal Name
Function
In/Out
DB25 Pin
1
STB*
Output Data Strobe
Out
1
3
PD 0
LSB Of Printer Data
I/O
2
5
PD 1
Printer Data 1
I/O
3
7
PD 2
Printer Data 2
I/O
4
9
PD 3
Printer Data 3
I/O
5
11
PD 4
Printer Data 4
I/O
6
13
PD 5
Printer Data 5
I/O
7
15
PD 6
Printer Data 6
I/O
8
17
PD 7
MSB Of Printer Data
I/O
9
19
ACK*
Character Accepted
In
10
21
BUSY
Cannot Receive Data
In
11
23
PE
Out of Paper
In
12
25
SLCT
Printer Selected
In
13
2
AUTOFD*
Autofeed
Out
14
4
ERROR
Printer Error
In
15
6
INIT*
Initialize Printer
Out
16
8
SELIN*
Selects Printer
Out
17
26
KEY
Key Pin
N/A
Note
For maximum reliability, keep the cable between the board and the
device it drives to 10 feet or less in length.
IEEE-1284-compliant Cables
Using the parallel port for high-speed data transfer in ECP/EPP modes requires special cabling for
maximum reliability.
Some of the parameters for a compliant IEEE-1284 cable assembly include:
All signals are twisted pair with a signal and ground return
Each signal and ground return should have a characteristic unbalanced impedance of 62 +/- 6 ohms
within a frequency band of 4 to 16MHz
The wire-to-wire crosstalk should be no greater than 10%
Please refer to the IEEE-1284 standard for the complete list of requirements for a compliant cable
assembly, including recommended connectors
2-21
Latch-Up Protection
The parallel port incorporates chip protection circuitry on some inputs, designed to minimize the
possibility of CMOS “latch up” due to a printer or other peripheral being powered up while the
Little Board P6d system is turned off.
Parallel Port Registers
The low-level software interface to the parallel port consists of eight addressable registers. The
address map of these registers is shown in Table 2-21.
Table 2-21. Parallel Port Register Map
Register Name
Address
Data Port
Base address
Status Port
Base address + 1
Control Port
Base address + 2
EPP Address Port
Base address + 3
EPP Data Port 0
Base address + 4
EPP Data Port 1
Base address + 5
EPP Data Port 2
Base address + 6
EPP Data Port 3
Base address + 7
Note: EPP registers are only accessible when in EPP mode
Standard and Bidirectional Operation
You can use the parallel port as a standard output-only printer port or as a PS/2-compatible
bidirectional data port with up to 12 output lines and 17 input lines. All data and interface control
signals are TTL-compatible. Set the parallel port’s default mode using Setup.
Using the Parallel Port in Bidirectional Mode
To use the port as a bidirectional data or digital control port you must set the default mode to
bidirectional in Setup or put it in bidirectional mode with a BIOS call. The following code example
shows how to set the parallel port mode to bidirectional.
;---------------------------------------------------------; Code to set the parallel port mode to bidirectional
;---------------------------------------------------------MOV
AH,0CDh
; AMPRO command
MOV
AL,0Ch
; AMPRO function
MOV
BX,01h
; Extended mode (use 00 to set output-only mode)
INT
13h
Within bidirectional mode, the port can be in its input state or output state. The code shown above
leaves the port in its input state. An IN instruction of I/O address 378h reads the current state of
the data lines.
2-22
Little Board P6d Module
To change the port between input and output states, write a 1 to bit five of the control register to
set the port to its input state; or a 0 to set it to its output state. Here is a code sample for
dynamically changing the port direction (after it is in Extended Mode).
;---------------------------------------------------------; Code to change the parallel port direction to input
;---------------------------------------------------------MOV
DX,37A
IN AL,DX
OR AL,20h
;set bit 5 (input)
OUT
DX,AL
;
;---------------------------------------------------------; Code to change the parallel port direction to output
;---------------------------------------------------------MOV
DX,37Ah
IN AL,DX
AND
AL,0DFh
;clear bit 5
OUT
DX,AL
Using the Control Lines for Additional I/O
Besides the eight data lines, you can use the four control lines (STB*, AUTOFD*, INIT*, and
SELIN*) as general purpose output lines. Similarly, you can use the five status lines (ERROR*,
SLCT, PE, ACK*, and BUSY) as general purpose input lines.
You can read the four control lines and use them as input lines. These lines have open collector
drivers with 4.7k ohm pull-ups. To use a control line as an input line, you must first write to its
corresponding bit in the control register. If the line is inverting (*), write a 0, otherwise write a 1.
This will cause the line to float (pulled up by the 4.7k ohm resistors). When a line floats, you can
use it as an input.
Enabling the Parallel Port Interrupt
Bit 4 in the Control Register enables the parallel port interrupt. If this bit is high 1, then a rising
edge on the ACK* (IRQ) line will produce an interrupt on the parallel port interrupt, IRQ7. Table
2-22 lists the parallel port register bits. Parallel port register bit definitions are described in Table
2-23.
2-23
Table 2-22. Parallel Port Register Bits
Signal Name
or Function
Active
J5
DB25F
In/Out
High/Low
Pin
Pin
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
High
High
High
High
High
High
High
High
6
10
14
18
22
26
30
34
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Register
Bit
DATA
(378h)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
STATUS
(379h)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
TMOUT
0
0
ERROR*
SLCT
PE
ACK* (IRQ)
BUSY
In
----In
In
In
In
In
------Low
High
High
Low
High
------8
50
46
38
42
------15
13
12
10
11
CONTROL
(37Ah)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
STB*
AUTOFD*
INIT*
SELIN*
IRQE
PCD
1
1
Out*
Out*
Out*
Out*
---------
Low
Low
High
High
High
High
-----
2
4
12
16
---------
1
14
16
17
---------
PD
PD
PD
PD
PD
PD
PD
PD
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Note: * Can also be used as input (see text).
Table 2-23. Standard and PS/2 Mode Register Bit Definitions
Signal
Name
Full Name
TMOUT
Time-out
ERR*
Error
SLCT
Printer selected
status
PE
Paper end
ACK*
Acknowledge
BUSY*
Busy
STB*
Strobe
This bit is inverted and output to the -STROBE pin.
AUTOFD
Auto feed
This bit is inverted and output to the -AUTOFD pin.
INIT*
Initiate output
2-24
Description
Valid only in EPP mode , this signal goes true after a 10 µS timeout has occurred on the EPP bus. This bit is cleared by reset.
Reflects the status of the -ERROR input. 0 means an error has
occurred.
Reflects the status of the SLCT input. 1 means a printer is on-line.
Reflects the status of the PE input. 1 indicates paper end.
Reflects the status of the ACK input. 0 indicates a printer received
a character..
Reflects the complement of the BUSY input. 0 indicates a printer
is busy.
This bit is output to the -INIT pin.
Little Board P6d Module
SELIN*
Printer select input
This bit is inverted and output to the pin. It selects a printer.
IRQE
Interrupt request
enable
When set to 1, interrupts are enabled. An interrupt is generated by
the positive-going -ACK input.
PCD
Parallel control
direction
When set to 1, port is in input mode. In printer mode, the printer is
always in output mode regardless of the state of this bit.
PD0-PD7
Parallel Data Bits
Floppy Disk Interface
The on-board floppy disk controller and ROM BIOS support one or two floppy disk drives in any of
the standard DOS formats shown in Table 2-24.
Table 2-24. Supported Floppy Formats
Capacity
Drive Size
Tracks
Data Rate
360K
5-1/4 inch
40
250KHz
1.2M
5-1/4 inch
80
500KHz
720K
3-1/2 inch
80
250KHz
1.44M
3-1/2 inch
80
500KHz
Floppy Drive Considerations
Nearly any type of soft-sectored, single or double-sided, 40 or 80 track, 5-1/4 inch or 3-1/2 inch
floppy disk drive is usable with this interface. Using higher quality drives improves system
reliability. Here are some considerations about the selection, configuration, and connection of
floppy drives to the Little Board P6d module.
Drive Interface—The drives must be compatible with the board’s floppy disk signal interface, as
described below. Ampro recommends any standard PC-or AT-compatible 5-1/4 inch or 3-1/2 inch
floppy drive.
Drive Quality—Use high quality, DC servo, direct drive motor floppy disk drives.
Drive Select Jumpering—Both drives must be jumpered to the second drive select.
Floppy Cable—For systems with two drives, use a floppy cable with conductors 10-16 twisted
between the two drives. This is standard practice for PC-compatible systems.
Head Load Jumpering—When using drives with a Head Load option, jumper the drive for head load
with motor on rather than head load with drive select. This is the default for PC-compatible drives.
Drive Mounting—If you mount a floppy drive very close to the Little Board or another source of
EMI, you may need to place a thin metal shield between the disk drive and the device to reduce the
possibility of electromagnetic interference.
Floppy Interface Configuration
The floppy interface is configured using Setup to set the number and type of floppy drives connected
to the system. Refer to the Setup section starting on page 2–48 for details.
2-25
If you don’t use the floppy interface, disable it in Setup. This frees the floppy’s I/O addresses, IRQ6,
and DMA channel 2 for use by other peripherals installed on the PC/104 bus.
Floppy Interface Connector (J14)
Table 2-25 shows the pinout and signal definitions of the floppy disk interface connector, J14. This
pinout does not meet the AT standard for floppy drive cables. An adapter board can be purchased
from Ampro that will interface the 26-pin 2mm connector to a standard 3.5” floppy disk connector.
Table 2-25. Floppy Disk Interface Connector (J14)
Pin #
Signal Name
Function
In/Out
1
KEY
Cable Key Pin
N/A
2
DEN
Speed/Precomp
OUT
4
IDX*
Index Pulse
IN
6
MO1*
Motor On 1
OUT
8
DS2*
Drive Select 2
OUT
10
DS1*
Drive Select 1
OUT
11
MO2*
Motor On 2
OUT
12
DIRC*
Direction Select
OUT
14
STEP*
Step
OUT
15
WD*
Write Data
OUT
16
WE*
Write Enable
OUT
18
TRKO*
Track 0
IN
20
WP*
Write Protect
IN
22
RDD*
Read Data
IN
24
HS*
Head Select
OUT
26
DCHG*
Disk Change
IN
-
Other Odd Pins
Signal grounds
N/A
EIDE Hard Disk Interface
The Little Board P6d system provides an interface for up to four Integrated Device Electronics
(IDE) peripheral devices, such as hard disk drives and CD-ROM drives.
The primary IDE interface appears at connector J6, a 44-pin 2mm, dual-row connector.
The secondary IDE interface appears at connector J7, also a 44-pin 2mm, dual-row connector.
Table 2-26 shows the interface signals and pin outs for the IDE interface connectors. Both pinouts
are identical.
2-26
Little Board P6d Module
Note
For maximum reliability, keep IDE drive cables less than 18 inches
long.
Table 2-26. IDE Interface Connectors (J6, J7)
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
1
RESET*
Reset signal
2
GND
Ground
3
D7
Data bit 7
4
D8
Data bit 8
5
D6
Data bit 6
6
D9
Data bit 9
7
D5
Data bit 5
8
D10
Data bit 10
9
D4
Data bit 4
10
D11
Data bit 11
11
D3
Data bit 3
12
D12
Data bit 12
13
D2
Data bit 2
14
D13
Data bit 13
15
D1
Data bit 1
16
D14
Data bit 14
17
D0
Data bit 0
18
D15
Data bit 15
19
GND
Ground
20
KEY
Keyed pin
21
DRQ0
DMA Request 0
22
GND
Ground
23
IOW*
Write strobe
24
GND
Ground
25
IOR*
Read strobe
26
GND
Ground
27
IDERDY
I/O Channel Ready
28
RSVD
Reserved
29
DACK0*
DMA Acknowledge 0
30
GND
Ground
31
IRQ14/IRQ15
Interrupt request
32
IDE16
IOCS16
33
A1
Drive address 1
34
RSVD
Reserved
35
A0
Drive address 0
36
A2
Drive address 2
37
CS0*
Chip select
38
CS1*
Chip select
39
RSVD
Reserved
40
GND
Ground
41
+5V
Drive VCC
42
+5V
Drive VCC
43
GND
Ground
44
RSVD
Reserved
2-27
IDE Interface Configuration
Use Setup to specify your IDE hard disk drive types. See the Setup section beginning on page 2-48
for details.
If you do not find a drive type whose displayed parameters match the drive you are using, use drive
type USER. It allows you to manually enter the drive’s parameters. The drive manufacturer
provides the drive parameters—check the drive’s documentation for the proper values to enter.
If you are using a newer IDE drive, use drive type AUTO. It automatically configures the drive
type parameters from information provided by the drive itself.
CompactFlash Solid-State Disk
The Little Board P6d system supports a CompactFlash device, a solid-state IDE hard-disk emulator.
It acts as a removable hard-disk drive. You can format, read, and write the CompactFlash device
much as you would any standard IDE drive.
Enabling the Drive
The CompactFlash interface emulates an IDE drive to the operating system. However, the
CompactFlash interface takes up one of the positions of the primary IDE drive controller.
Note
If you use the CompactFlash interface, you can only add one
additional hard drive to the primary IDE controller.
Master/Slave Setting
The CompactFlash interface can be configured to emulate a master or slave IDE device in the
system.
To configure the drive as master, install a jumper on W1.
To configure the drive as slave, remove the jumper on W1.
Note
The IDE drive attached to the primary IDE controller must have the
opposite setting.
Solid-State Disk Preparation
To prepare CompactFlash device for use in the system, insert the device. Boot the system and
prepare the drive just as you would a new IDE drive. That is, use the DOS FDISK utility to set up
one or more partitions, and then use the DOS FORMAT utility to format the drive.
A CompactFlash device, properly formatted and programmed, can be used as a boot drive. To do so,
you must configure the drive to be master by installing a jumper on W1. First FDISK the device as
a primary DOS partition, then format the drive using the /S option to include the DOS operating
system.
2-28
Little Board P6d Module
Audio Interface
The audio interface will be provided by a combination of the 4DWAVE-NX PCI DirectSound
Accelerator, a Rev 2.1 compliant AC97 CODEC and a National LM4863 Audio Amplifier. It
provides an advanced wavetable synthesizer, full legacy compatibility, multiple stereo capture
channels, and is fully plug and play PCI compatible.
Audio Amplifier
The Amplifier is a dual bridge-connected audio power amplifier which will deliver 2.2W to a 4Ω load
and 1.1W to an 8Ω load.
Figure 2-4. Little Board P6d Audio Interface Adapter
Audio Interface Connector
The Audio interface is through a 26-pin 2mm connector. Standard input and output devices can be
connected by using the interface shown in Figure 2-4. Little Board P6d Audio Interface Adapter
and Figure 2-5. Audio Interface Adapter Schematic. Table 2-27. Audio Interface Connectors shows
the connector pinout for the Audio Interface Adapter. Table 2-28. Audio Interface Input Connector
(J12) shows the pinout of the Audio interface input connector. Table 2-29 shows manufacturer’s
part numbers for mating connectors.
2-29
Table 2-27. Audio Interface Connectors
Connector
Function
Type
Signals
J1
Audio Interface
26 Pin, Female, 2mm
All Audio Signals from CPU
J2
Video Sound In
RCA Jack
1 – Ground
2 – Video Sound In Left
J3
Video Sound In
RCA Jack
1 – Ground
2 – Video Sound In Right
J4
CD Input
4 Pin, Single Row, .1”
1 – CD In Left
2, 3 – CD In GND
4 – CD In Right
J5
Line Input
Stereo Mini Jack
1 – Line In GND
2 – Line In Right
3 – Line In Left
J6
Mic Input
Stereo Mini Jack
1 – Mic In GND
2 – Mic In Voltage Ref.
3 – Mic Input
J7
Phone Input
4 Pin, Single Row, .1”
&
Mono Output
2-30
1
2
3
4
–
–
–
–
Phone In
Phone GND
Mono Out
Mono GND
J8
Speaker Out
Stereo Mini Jack
1 – Speaker R+L –
2 – Speaker R+
3 – Speaker L+
J9
Headphone
Stereo Mini Jack
1 – Headphone GND
2 – Headphone Right
3 – Headphone Left
1K
R1
J2
VIDEO SOUND IN
VIDEO_L
VIDEO_GND
VIDEO_R
CD_L
CD_GND
CD_R
LINE_IN_L
LINE_IN_GND
LINE_IN_R
MIC1
MIC_GND
MIC2
MIC_REF
KEY
PHONE_IN
PHONE_GND
MON0_OUT
MON0_GND
-AOUT_L
+AOUT_L
-AOUT_R
+AOUT_R
GND
HP_L
HP_R
HP_IN
1
2
3
R2
1K
R3
1K
R4
J3
1
2
3
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
1K
R5
1K
R6
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
1K
R7
2
3
4
5
1
C1
C2
1000pF
470pF
R8
4.7K
1K
R9
1K
R10
J4
CD IN
J5
LINE IN
2
3
4
5
1
J6
MIC IN
J7
1
2
3
4
1
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
PHONE IN
MONO OUT
J8
SPEAKER OUT
J9
HEAD PHONE
2-31
Little Board P6d Module
Figure 2-5. Audio Interface Adapter Schematic
J1
1K
Table 2-28. Audio Interface Input Connector (J12)
Pin #
Signal
Function
Pin #
Signal
Function
1
VIDEO_L
Audio in Left from Video
Source
2
VIDEO_GND
Video Ground
3
VIDEO_R
Audio in Right from Video
Source
4
CD_L
CD Audio Left
5
CD_GND
CD Audio Ground
6
CD_R
CD Audio Right
7
LINE_IN_L
Line Audio In Left
8
LINE_IN_GND
Line Audio Ground
9
LINE_IN_R
Line Audio In Right
10
MIC1
Microphone in 1
11
MIC_GND
Microphone Ground
12
MIC2
Microphone in 2
13
MIC_REF
Mic Ref Voltage
14
KEY
Key Pin
15
PHONE_IN
Phone Input
16
PHONE_GND
Phone Ground
17
MONO_OUT
Mono Output
18
MONO_GND
Mono Ground
19
-AOUT_L
Amplified Out Left -
20
+AOUT_L
Amplified Out Left +
21
-AOUT_R
Amplified Out Right -
22
+AOUT_R
Amplified Out Right +
23
GND
Ground
24
HP_L
Head Phone Left
25
HP_R
Head Phone Right
26
HP_DETECT
Head Phone Detect
Table 2-29. J12 Mating Connectors
Mating Connector
Discrete Wire:
Molex Housing
51110-2650
Molex Pin
50394-8051
Flat Panel/CRT Video Controller
The Little Board P6d system provides an integrated high-performance super-VGA video controller.
The standard video controller supports both CRT and flat panel displays, but only supports 3.3V
video panels.
Note
If you are using 5V panels, an Application Note can be downloaded,
which describes how to build a 3.3V-to-5V converter, or you can order
a voltage converter through a recommended third party. All this
information is provided on Ampro’s web site through the Virtual
Technician, by searching for “translator card” and viewing the
problem/solution text.
There are three connectors associated with the video display and complete hardware details about
each connector and its supported features are provided in the following sections. These connectors
are summarized in Table 2-30.
2-32
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-30. Video Connector Summary
Name
Connector
Pins/Type
Description
Flat Panel
J15
50-pin Shrouded
2mm Header
Provides connections for a broad array of
standard flat panel displays.
CRT
J17
10-pin Shrouded
.100 Header
Provides connections for a CRT display. To
connect to a standard CRT cable, use a short
“transition cable” to a DB-15 connector. The
pinout for a transition cable is provided below.
ZV Port
J16
26-pin 2mm
Header
Provides connections for external video
overlay signals.
Connecting a Flat Panel (J15)
Signals for a wide range of flat panel displays, both color and gray-scale, appear on the Flat Panel
connector. Although flat panels of a similar type use similar sets of signals from the video
controller, these do not share a standardized interface connector pin configuration. The names of
panel control signals vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. Read the description of each signal
carefully to determine how each signal is to be used for your chosen display. Refer to the panel
manufacturer’s technical literature to determine how to wire a cable for your chosen panel and
application.
In many applications, the power management functions control the LCD display; for example, in
portable equipment. Furthermore, power and signals must be sequenced at the proper time when
the system is energized to prevent damage to the display. The Little Board P6d video controller
provides power and signal conditioning to meet these requirements. Table 2-31 lists the signals
available on the Flat Panel connector.
2-33
Table 2-31. Flat Panel Video Connector (J15)
Pin #
Signal Name
Description
1
SHFCLK
2
M DE
3
LP
4
FLM
First Line Marker. Also called Frame Sync or Scan Start-up. Flat panel
equivalent to VSYNC.
5,6
GND
Ground
7-30
FP0-FP23
Flat panel video data 0 through 23 (in order).
31
ENAVDD
Enable Vdd. Power sequencing control for panel driver electronics Vdd.
Active high.
32
ENAVEE
Enable Vee, active high. Power sequencing control for panel bias
voltage. This signal is sent to the optional Vee supply board to control
Vee output.
33
+3.3V
Panel power
34
+12V
+12 Volt supply (from J10)
35,36
GND
Ground
37
ENABLK
38
+5.0V
39-50
FP24-FP35
Shift Clock. Pixel clock for flat panel data.
M signal for panel AC drive control. Sometimes called ACDCLK or AC
Drive. May also be configured to be -BLANK or as Display Enable (DE)
for TFT panels.
Latch Pulse. Sometimes called Load Clock, Line Load, or Input Data
Latch. It’s the flat panel equivalent of HSYNC.
Enable backlight. Power control for panel backlight. Active high.
From Little Board P6d module.
Flat panel video data 24 through 35 (in order).
Power Sequencing
Some LCD flat panel displays can be damaged if the voltage and data signals are applied at power
up. This can result in damage to the panel or reduction of its operational life. The LB P6d module
provides the control signals for switching the power supply lines to protect the flat panel. Power to
the panel must be enabled using the special enable signals provided on the flat panel connector,
ENAVEE, ENAVDD, and ENABKL.
Advanced Power Management
The same signals that support power sequencing are also used to provide the power management
feature. In “panel off mode” both the CRT and flat panel interfaces are turned off, but the VGA
subsystem (registers and display memory) remain powered. In “standby mode”, the CRT and flat
panel interfaces are turned off, and in addition, the VGA subsystem is turned off. The screen
DRAM is placed in a low-power mode in which only the DRAM is refreshed.
2-34
Little Board P6d Module
BIOS Support of Standard Flat Panels
The Little Board P6d system can support flat panel BIOS settings for up to 16 popular LCD panels,
but only 8 have been configured in the BIOS. You select which flat panel BIOS settings to use in
Setup. For details about configuring the video controller, refer to the description of the Integrated
Peripherals Setup on page 2–48. For the current list of supported panels types, refer to Table 2-48.
If you plan to use an unsupported panel, you must modify the standard BIOS to support the panel.
Ampro can provide a BIOS modification kit to you for this purpose. The new video BIOS is then
loaded into the on-board Flash device.
To install the new video BIOS code in the on-board OEM Flash memory device:
1. Install jumper W2 to write-enable the Flash device.
2. Install your new video BIOS code in the on-board Flash device using a utility called
PGM6X.COM, supplied by Ampro on the utility disk that comes with the Little Board P6d
Development Platform.
3. Remove W2 to write-protect the on-board Flash device.
PGM6X is a DOS utility designed to write to the on-board Flash device (The on-board Flash device
contains the system’s BIOS and the video BIOS). Instructions for this utility are provided on the
utility diskette. Contact your Ampro sales representative or Ampro Technical Support for
information about the Little Board P6d Flat Panel BIOS Modification Kit.
Connecting a CRT (J17)
Analog video signals from the video controller appear on a 10-pin dual-row header. These signals
are compatible with the standard video monitors commonly used with desktop PCs. Specifications
for compatible monitors are provided in Chapter 3, Technical Specifications.
Normally, the signals are connected to a standard DB-15 video connector by a “transition cable,”
made from a ribbon cable connectors and a short length of 10-wire ribbon cable. A transition cable
can connect the video signals to a bulkhead-mounted DB-15 connector, allowing any standard CRT
to be easily connected using a standard monitor video cable.
+5V power, protected by a fuse, can supply power to an external device, such as an NTSC Video
adapter module. Table 2-32 gives the signal pinout of J17 and pin connections for a DB-15
connector. Table 2-33 shows mating connectors.
2-35
Table 2-32. CRT Interface Connector (J17)
Pin #
Signal Name
DB-15
1
Red
1
2
Ground
6
3
Green
2
4
Ground
7
5
Blue
3
6
Ground
8
7
Horizontal Sync.
13
8
Ground
10
9
Vertical Sync.
14
10
+5V Power
-
Table 2-33. J17 Mating Connectors
Connector Type
RIBBON
Mating Connector
3M 3473-7600
Latching Clip 3505-8010
DISCRETE WIRE
MOLEX HOUSING 22-55-2102
PIN 16-02-0103
ZV Port Interface (J16)
This section describes the ZV port interface. The ZV port is a PCMCIA standard for video input.
The ZV port can be used to receive video data in either RGB or YUV format. The input data can be
scaled, positioned, and can overlay the Little Board P6d system’s VGA data stream. It can use color
keying for non-rectangular windowing, or X-Y window keying. The ZV connector is a high density
connector with 2mm pitch pins. Table 2-34 lists the signals and pin numbers for J6 and Table 2-35
lists a compatible mating connector.
Table 2-34. ZV Port Connector (J16)
2-36
J6 Pin #
Name
Function
1 - 16
VP0 - VP15
18
VREF
Vertical Reference Input
20
HREF
Horizontal Reference Input
22
RSVD
Reserved
24
RSVD
Reserved
26
PCLK
Video Clock Output (DCLK or
DCLK/2)
17, 19, 21,23, 25
Ground
Video Data Inputs
-
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-35. J6 Mating Connector
Mating Connector
Discrete Wire:
Molex Housing
51110-2650
Molex Pin
50394-8051
Disabling the Video Controller
The video controller can be disabled in Setup. There are no jumpers to change.
Ethernet Network Interface
This section describes the hardware of the Ethernet interface and discusses relevant software
considerations.
Hardware Description
The Ethernet subsystem is based on the Intel 82559ER 10/100BasetT PCI Ethernet Controller. The
Ethernet controller fully supports IEEE 802.3 Ethernet standards, and supports standard 10BaseT
and 100BaseT via a standard RJ45 connector.
The Ethernet controller interfaces to the PCI portion of the bus. Features of this controller include:
!
Speed auto-negotiation (complies with IEEE802.3 standard)
!
Full-duplex operation at 10 Mb/s and 100 Mb/s
!
Low-power energy modes
Ethernet RJ45 Interface Connector (J13)
The Ethernet connector is a standard RJ45 jack for connecting directly to an Ethernet network
using category 5 UTP/STP cabling.
Table 2-36 lists the signals and pin numbers of the Ethernet connector:
Table 2-36. Ethernet RJ45 Connector (J13)
Pin #
Function
1
TX +
2
TX -
3
RX +
6
RX -
4, 5, 7, 8
Signal Common
2-37
Ethernet Interface Software
Manufacturer's Ethernet ID
Each manufacturer of Ethernet network adapters and interfaces is assigned a unique
manufacturer's ID by the IEEE Standards Office. A network address consists of 48 bits. The upper
24 bits are the manufacturer's ID and the lower 24 bits are the board's unique ID.
For developers who are creating network applications, knowing the manufacturer's ID for network
adapters attached to the network may or may not be important.
Ampro's 24-bit manufacturer's ID for Ethernet controllers is displayed in hex as follows:
00 40 53
Network Operating Systems
The Ethernet interface is typically connected in a network controlled by a network operating
system. The network operating system may be part of the computer's operating system or be
provided separately. For example, Windows® NT provides the network operating system as part of
a computer's operating system. Novell's NetWare™ provides a separate, add-on network operating
system for DOS and Windows. The network operating system provides file server and network
services to the distributed systems connected to the network. Each node on the network must have
a compatible network operating system installed as well.
Modern network architectures are based on the OSI model, which defines layers of software
between the network hardware, the network operating system, and the applications that use the
network services. The actual Ethernet cable and the Little Board P6d hardware interface are at the
bottom level. A driver program at the next level handles communication between the hardware and
the operating system, masking any unique differences in the hardware from the layers above it,
including the network operating systems.
Network OS Drivers
The Little Board P6d Ethernet subsystem uses Intel drivers available from Intel. The driver is the
only unique software you need to use the Little Board P6d system. The supported network
operating systems provide the other software layers normally provided in the OSI model. These
include:
AHSM ODI Drivers (DOS, OS/2, Server)
CHSM ODI Driver for NetWare 5.0
NDIS 2.0.1 Drivers (DOS version 6.x, OS/2 version 3.x and 4.x)
NDIS 3.x MAC Drivers (for WFW 3.11; NT versions 3.5, 3.51, 4.0; Win95)
NDIS 3.x Miniport Drivers (for Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.51)
NDIS 4.x Driver (for Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 95 OSR 2)
Novell UnixWare Drivers (for v1.1 and 2.0)
There are also drivers for various flavors of UNIX and for other operating systems. Intel also
supplies diagnostic software for testing your Ethernet setup.
For the most up-to-date drivers and utility software, please refer to the Intel web page:
2-38
Little Board P6d Module
http://developer.intel.com/design/network/drivers/index.htm#82559ER
Note
Intel updates its web site frequently and this location could move in
the future.
Ethernet Setup
This section describes how to configure and connect the Ethernet LAN interface.
There are no jumpers to set on the Ethernet interface, and no hardware configuration, other than
connecting the network cable to an appropriate connector.
Software configuration of the Ethernet interface includes the following steps:
1. In Setup, enable the Ethernet interface.
2. Install the proper driver for the network operating system you will be running. Follow Intel’s
instructions for installing your driver.
Ethernet Indicator LEDs
Two LED indicator lamps are provided on the board to indicate the status of the Ethernet interface.
You can use these LEDs as simple trouble-shooting aids when connecting to an Ethernet segment.
Table 2-37 shows the meaning of each LED.
Table 2-37. Ethernet Diagnostic LEDs
Color
Designation
Function
Green
D3
Link Status
Red
D4
TX or RX Activity
Watchdog Timer
The watchdog timer function restarts the system if a mishap occurs. Possible problems include:
failure to boot properly; application software losing control; temporary power supply problems;
failure of an interface device; unexpected conditions on the bus; or other hardware or software
malfunctions. The watchdog timer helps assure proper start-up after an interruption. The Little
Board P6d ROM-BIOS supports the board’s watchdog timer function in two ways:
There is an initial watchdog timer setting, specified using SETUP, which determines whether the
watchdog timer monitors the system boot, and if so, how long the time-out is (30, 60, or 90 seconds).
Set the initial time-out (using SETUP) long enough to guarantee that the system can boot and pass
control to the application. Then, the application must periodically retrigger the timer by reading
I/O Port 201h so the time-out does not occur. If the time-out does occur, the system will respond as
determined by how the watchdog timer jumper, W8, is set (see Chapter 2).
There is a standard ROM-BIOS function which may be used by application software to start and
stop the watchdog timer function. Ampro provides the WATCHDOG program that you can use from
the command line or in a batch program to manage the watchdog timer. It is described in the
2-39
Ampro Common Utilities manual. The following simple assembly language routine illustrates how
to control the watchdog timer using the Ampro ROM-BIOS function provided for this purpose:
;---------------------------------------------------------; Watchdog timer control program
;---------------------------------------------------------MOV
AH,0C3h
; Watchdog Timer BIOS function
MOV
AL,nn
; Use “00” to disable, “01” to enable
; timer.
MOV
BX,mm
; Selects time, in seconds
;(00-FFh; 1-255 seconds)
INT
15h
Utility Connectors (J19)
The Utility connector is 44-pin dual row 2mm. Several functions appear on the Utility connector.
Table 2-38 shows the pinout and signal definitions. Since there are connections for diverse features
on this single connector, a discrete-wire connector is recommended. Table 2-39 shows
manufacturer’s part numbers for both types of mating connectors.
2-40
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-38. Utility Connector (J19)
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
1
-12
External -12V input
for expansion cards
2
GND
Ground return
3
-5
External -5V input
for expansion cards
4
GND
Ground return
5
LED
LED current source (+5V
through 330 ohms)
6
RSVD
No connection
7
SPKR+
PC audio signal output
8
GND
Ground
9
RSTSW*
To one side of
manual reset button.
10
KBDATA
Keyboard serial data
11
KBCLK
Keyboard clock
12
GND
Keyboard ground
13
+5
Keyboard +5V power
14
MDATA
Mouse serial data
15
MCLK
Mouse clock
16
GND
Mouse ground
17
+5
Mouse +5V power
18
IR_MODE
IrDA Mode/IrDA RXB
19
IRTX
IrDA Transmit /TTL TX2
20
IRRX
IrDA Receive/TTL RX2
21
GND
Ground
22
TTL_TX1
TTL Transmit 1
23
TTL_RX1
TTL Receive 1
24
GND
Ground
25
TTL_TX3
TTL Transmit 3
26
TTL_RX3
TTL Receive 3
27
GND
Ground
28
TTL_TX4
TTL Transmit 4
29
TTL_RX1
TTL Receive 4
30
GND
Ground
31
KEY
Key Pin
32
LID
Lid Switch Input
33
PWRBTN
*
Power Button Input
34
BATLOW*
Battery Low Input
35
RI*
Ring Indicator Serial 2
36
GND
Ground
37
SUSV
Voltage for Power Down
38
GND
Ground
39
SUSC*
Suspend Status C
40
SMBCLK
SMBus clock
41
SMBDAT
A
SMBus Data
42
SMBALRT*
SMBus Alert
43
BATV
+ Battery (Not Required)
44
Ground
- Battery (Not
Required)
Table 2-39. Utility Mating Connector
Connector Type
Mating Connector
Cable, Ribbon, 1mm, 44 pins
3M3625/44 or
equivalent
Connector, IDC, 2mm, 44 pins
3M87044-1000 or
equivalent
2-41
LED Connection
To connect an external LED power-on indication lamp, connect the LED anode to pin-5 and the
cathode to ground. Pin 5 provides +5V through a 300 ohm resistor.
Speaker Connections
The board supplies about 100 mW for a speaker on pin-7. Connect the other side of the speaker to
ground (pin-8). A transistor amplifier buffers the speaker signal. Use a permanent magnet speaker
with an 8 ohm voice coil.
Push-button Reset Connection
Pin-9 provides a connection for an external normally-open momentary switch to manually reset the
system. Connect the other side of the switch to ground. The reset signal is “de-bounced” on the
board.
Keyboard Connection
You can connect an AT keyboard to the keyboard port. Normally, AT keyboards include a cable that
terminates in a male 5-pin DIN plug for connection to an AT (or a 6-pin miniature DIN plug for
PS/2). Table 2-40 gives the keyboard connector pinout and signal definitions, and includes
corresponding pin numbers for DIN keyboard connectors.
Table 2-40. Keyboard Connector (J19)
Pin #
Signal Name
DIN-5 Pins
DIN-6 Pins
10
Keyboard Data
2
1
11
Keyboard Clock
1
5
12
Ground
4
3
13
Keyboard power
5
4
PS/2 Mouse Connection
You can connect aPS/2 Mouse to the mouse port. Normally, the PS/2 Mouse includes a cable that
terminates in a 6-pin miniature DIN. Table 2-41 gives the keyboard connector pinout and signal
definitions, and includes corresponding pin numbers for DIN keyboard connectors.
Table 2-41. Keyboard Connector (J16)
2-42
Pin #
Signal Name
DIN-6 Pins
14
Mouse Data
1
15
Mouse Clock
5
16
Ground
3
17
Mouse power
4
Little Board P6d Module
IrDA Interface
The IrDA interface is described earlier in this chapter.
TTL Serial Ports
The TTL version of the serial ports 1,3, and 4 are brought out to the Utility connector. The TTL
version of serial port 2 can be rerouted to the IrDA TX and RX lines.
Miscellaneous Power Management Signals
Table 2-42 describes miscellaneous Power Management signals.
Table 2-42. Miscellaneous Power Management Signals
Signal
LIDSW
Description
Simulates the lid switch of a laptop
PWRBTN
Turns off all but minimum power or restores power
BATLOW
Simulates a low battery condition
RI
Ring indicator I/O: Input to wake up from power off; output from serial port 2 RI
SUSV
Low current input voltage to support power off.
SUSC
Indicates Suspend To Disk (Power Off)
SMBCLK
System Management Bus Clock
SMBDATA
System Management Bus Data I/O
SMBALRT
System Management Bus Alert
BATV
External Battery Input (Only used for special options)
PC/104-Plus Expansion Bus
The PC/104-Plus expansion bus appears on three header connectors, J1, J2, and J3. J1 is a 64-pin
female dual-row header. J2 is a 40-pin female dual-row header, and J3 is a 120-pin 2mm female
quad-row header (4 x 30). The PC bus subset of the PC/104-Plus expansion bus connects to J1. The
AT expansion bus signals connect to J2. The layout of signals on J1 and J2 is compliant with the
PC/104 bus specification, and make up the ISA bus portion of the PC/104-Plus bus. An
implementation of the PCI bus appears on J3.
PC/104-compatible expansion modules can be installed on the Little Board P6d expansion bus. The
buffered output signals to the expansion bus are standard TTL level signals. All inputs to the Little
Board P6d system operate at TTL levels and present a typical CMOS load to the expansion bus.
On-board MiniModule Expansion Details
When installed on the PC/104 expansion bus headers, expansion modules fit within the Little Board
P6d module's outline dimensions. You can install one or more Ampro MiniModule products or other
PC/104 modules on the Little Board P6d expansion connectors. When installed on J1 and J2, the
expansion modules fit within the Little Board P6d module’s outline dimensions.
2-43
Most Ampro MiniModule products have stackthrough connectors compatible with the PC/104
specification. You can stack several modules on the Little Board P6d headers. Each additional
module increases the thickness of the package by 0.66 inches (15 mm). Thus, a 3-module system
fits within the outline of the Little Board and within a 2.4-inch vertical space.
Figure 2-6 shows an example of how PC/104 modules stack on the Little Board P6d module.
4-40 screws
0.6 inch spacers
PC/104 Module
PC/104 Plus Module
Stackthrough
Expansion
Bus Headers
PCI Stackthrough
Headers
Little Board P6d
4-40 nuts
Figure 2-6. Stacking PC/104 Modules on the Little Board P6d Module
Using Standard PC and AT Bus Cards
Ampro offers several options that allow you to add conventional 8-bit and 16-bit ISA expansion
cards to the Little Board P6d system. Contact Ampro for further information about optional bus
expansion products.
Expansion Bus Connector Pinouts
Table 2-43 and Table 2-44 show the pinout and signal functions on the ISA portion. Table 2-45
shows the PCI portion of the PC/104-Plus expansion bus connectors. These include J1, J2, and J3.
The expansion bus pin numbers for J1 and J2 correspond to the scheme normally used on ISA
expansion bus card sockets. Rather than numerical designations (1, 2, 3) they have alpha-numeric
designations (A1, A2…, B1, B2…, etc.). Similarly, the rows of J3 are designated A, B, C, and D.
The Little Board P6d system does not generate ±12VDC, 3.3V, or -5VDC for the expansion bus. If
devices on the bus require these voltages, -12V and -5V can be supplied to the bus connector from
the Utility 1 connector (J19). +12V can be supplied through J10-4. If a PCI peripheral board
requires 3.3V, you can attach this voltage to J10-5.
2-44
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-43. PC/104 Expansion Bus Connector, J1 (A1-B32)
Pin #
Signal Name
Function
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
A1
IOCHCK*
Bus NMI input
B1
GND
Ground
A2
SD7
Data bit 7
B2
RSTDRV
System reset signal
A3
SD6
Data bit 6
B3
+5V
+5 Volt power
A4
SD5
Data bit 5
B4
IRQ9
Interrupt request 9
A5
SD4
Data bit 4
B5
-5V
To J16-3
A6
SD3
Data bit 3
B6
DRQ2
DMA request 2
A7
SD2
Data bit 2
B7
-12V
To J16-1
A8
SD1
Data bit 1
B8
ZWS*
Zero wait state
A9
SD0
Data bit 0
B9
+12V
To J10-1
A10
IOCHRDY
I/O Ready Ctrl
B10
N/A
Keyed pin
A11
AEN
Address Enable
B11
SMEMW*
Mem Write(lwr 1MB)
A12
SA19
Address bit 19
B12
SMEMR*
Mem Read(lwr 1MB)
A13
SA18
Address bit 18
B13
IOW
I/O Write
A14
SA17
Address bit 17
B14
IOR
I/O Read
A15
SA16
Address bit 16
B15
DACK3*
DMA Acknowledge 3
A16
SA15
Address bit 15
B16
DRQ3
DMA Request 3
A17
SA14
Address bit 14
B17
DACK1*
DMA Acknowledge 1
A18
SA13
Address bit 13
B18
DRQ1
DMA Request 1
A19
SA12
Address bit 12
B19
RFSH*
Memory Refresh
A20
SA11
Address bit 11
B20
SYSCLK
Sys Clock
A21
SA10
Address bit 10
B21
IRQ7
Interrupt Request 7
A22
SA9
Address bit 9
B22
IRQ6
Interrupt Request 6
A23
SA8
Address bit 8
B23
IRQ5
Interrupt Request 5
A24
SA7
Address bit 7
B24
IRQ4
Interrupt Request 4
A25
SA6
Address bit 6
B25
IRQ3
Interrupt Request 3
A26
SA5
Address bit 5
B26
DACK2*
DMA Acknowledge 2
A27
SA4
Address bit 4
B27
TC
DMA Terminal Count
A28
SA3
Address bit 3
B28
BALE
Address latch enable
A29
SA2
Address bit 2
B29
+5V
+5V power
A30
SA1
Address bit 1
B30
OSC
14.3MHz clock
A31
SA0
Address bit 0
B31
GND
Ground
A32
GND
Ground
B32
GND
Ground
2-45
Table 2-44. PC/104 Expansion Bus Connector, J2 (C0-D19)
2-46
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
Pin #
Signal
Name
Function
C0
GND
Ground
D0
GND
Ground
C1
SBHE*
Bus High Enable
D1
MCS16*
16-bit Mem Access
C2
LA23
Address bit 23
D2
IOCS16*
16-bit I/O Access
C3
LA22
Address bit 22
D3
IRQ10
Interrupt Request 10
C4
LA21
Address bit 21
D4
IRQ11
Interrupt Request 11
C5
LA20
Address bit 20
D5
IRQ12
Interrupt Request 12
C6
LA19
Address bit 19
D6
IRQ15
Interrupt Request 15
C7
LA18
Address bit 18
D7
IRQ14
Interrupt Request 14
C8
LA17
Address bit 17
D8
DACK0*
DMA Acknowledge 0
C9
MEMR*
Memory Read
D9
DRQ0
DMA Request 0
C10
MEMW*
Memory Write
D10
DACK5*
DMA Acknowledge 5
C11
SD8
Data Bit 8
D11
DRQ5
DMA Request 5
C12
SD9
Data Bit 9
D12
DACK6*
DMA Acknowledge 6
C13
SD10
Data Bit 10
D13
DRQ6
DMA Request 6
C14
SD11
Data Bit 11
D14
DACK7*
DMA Acknowledge 7
C15
SD12
Data Bit 12
D15
DRQ7
DMA Request 7
C16
SD13
Data Bit 13
D16
+5V
+5 Volt Power
C17
SD14
Data Bit 14
D17
MASTER*
Bus Master Assert
C18
SD15
Data Bit 15
D18
GND
Ground
C19
Key
Key Pin
D19
GND
Ground
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-45. PC/104-Plus Expansion Bus Connector, J3 (A1-D30)
Pin
A
B
C
D
1
GND/5.0V KEY4
Reserved
+5
AD00
2
VI/O (+5V)
AD02
AD01
+5V
3
AD05
GND
AD04
AD03
4
C/BE0*
AD07
GND
AD06
5
GND
AD09
AD08
GND
6
AD11
VI/O (+5V)
AD10
M66EN1
7
AD14
AD13
GND
AD12
8
+3.3V
C/BE1*
AD15
+3.3V
9
SERR*
GND
SB0*
PAR
10
GND
PERR*
+3.3V
SDONE
11
STOP*
+3.3V
LOCK*
GND
12
+3.3V
TRDY*
GND
DEVSEL*
13
FRAME*
GND
IRDY*
+3.3V
14
GND
AD16
+3.3V
C/BE2*
15
AD18
+3.3V
AD17
GND
16
AD21
AD20
GND
AD19
17
+3.3V
AD23
AD22
+3.3V
18
IDSEL0
GND
IDSEL1
IDSEL2
19
AD24
C/BE3*
VI/O (+5V)
IDSEL3
20
GND
AD26
AD25
GND
21
AD29
+5V
AD28
AD27
22
+5V
AD30
GND
AD31
23
REQ0*
GND
REQ1*
VI/O
24
GND
REQ2*
+5V
GNT0*
25
GNT1*
VI/O (+5V)
GNT2*
GND
26
+5V
CLK0
GND
CLK1F
27
CLK2
+5V
CLK3
GND
28
GND
INTD*
+5V
RST*
29
+12V
INTA*
INTB*
INTC*
30
-12V
Reserved
Reserved
GND/3.3V KEY4
Notes: The shaded cells in the table denote unsupported signals.
Signal M66EN is grounded on the motherboard (Ground = 33MHz bus speed).
The KEY pins are to guarantee proper module installation. Pin A1 will be removed
and the female side plugged for 5.0V I/O signals and Pin D30 will be modified in the
same manner for 3.3V I/O. Both pins will be removed for 3.3/5.0 operation.
2-47
Setup
Many options provided on the Little Board P6d system are controlled by the Setup function. The
parameters are displayed on several screens, selected from a main menu screen. To configure the
board, you modify the fields in these screens and save the results in the on-board configuration
memory.
The configuration memory consists of portions of the CMOS RAM in the battery-backed real-time
clock chip and an Ampro-unique configuration EEPROM. To enhance embedded-system reliability,
the contents of the EEPROM mirror the contents of the CMOS memory. The EEPROM retains your
configuration information even if the clock’s backup battery fails.
The Setup information is retrieved from configuration memory when the board is powered up or
when it is rebooted with a CTL-ALT-DEL key combination. Changes made to the Setup parameters
(with the exception of the real-time clock time and date settings) do not take effect until the system
is rebooted.
The Setup program is located in the ROM BIOS. To access Setup, press DEL while the computer is
in the Power On Self Test (POST), just prior to booting. This is called hot key access. The screen
will display a message indicating when entering DEL will access Setup.
Some Setup fields, for example, the amount of DRAM memory installed on the board, are read-only
fields, intended for informational purposes only.
Setup Help
You can access help information for many of the Setup options by pressing F1. The information is
displayed in a popup window. Some help screens list all the available option settings, while others
display additional information. Table 2-46 summarizes the choices found on each Setup page.
2-48
Little Board P6d Module
Table 2-46. Functions on Each Setup Page
Page
Menu Name
Functions
1
Main Menu
2
Standard CMOS Setup
Set date and time
Enter IDE hard disk parameters
Set type and number of floppy disks
Set default video state
Configure BIOS error handling
Displays amount of installed DRAM memory
3
BIOS Features Setup
Enable/disable virus warning message
Enable/disable internal CPU cache
Enable/disable external cache
Enable/disable quick POST
Select boot sequence
Additional floppy parameters
Set NumLock default state
Set initial system speed
Configure keyboard typematic rates
Enable/disable PCI/VGA palette snoop
Select VGA video IRQ
Set watchdog timer parameters
Enable/disable system status messages
Select OS for DRAM > 64MB
Enable/disable shadowing of memory areas
Enable/disable serial console
Enable/disable boot loader
4
Chipset Features Setup
5
Power Management
Setup
6
PCI Configuration
Setup
7
Integrated Peripherals
Setup
Select various Setup screens
Load Setup defaults
Save and/or Exit Setup
Configure memory timing (not recommended)
Enable/disable cache options
Set power management level
Set power management options
Set power management timers
Select power management events
IRQ configuration
IDE interrupt configuration
Set IDE mode
Enable/disable/configure IDE interfaces
Enable/disable support for USB keyboard
Enable/disable floppy disk controller
Enable/disable/configure serial ports
Configure for IrDA support
Enable/disable/configure parallel port
Configure video mode, select flat panel type
Enable/disable Ethernet interface
2-49
Setup 1 — Main Menu
The first Setup page contains a menu for accessing several Setup screens, plus several additional
parameters. Figure 2-7 shows Setup page 1. Sections following the figure describe each option.
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
Ampro Computers, Inc.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
PCI CONFIGURATION SETUP
ESC : Quit
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
↑ ↓ → ←
: Select Item
(Shift)F2 : Change Color
Help messages for each feature line appear here
Figure 2-7. Setup 1 — Main Menu
The main menu screen allows the selection of other optional SETUP screens.
!
STANDARD CMOS SETUP allows the setup of time, date, hard and floppy disk, video, and
POST halt conditions.
!
BIOS FEATURES SETUP selects BIOS features including Virus Warning, caching, POST speed,
boot sequence, floppy features, A20 options, memory parity, keyboard typematic selection,
security, PCI/VGA palette snoop, and shadowing.
!
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP allows the modification of CHIPSET function including
configuration, AT bus clock, DRAM timing, SRAM timing, refresh, ISA bus timing, memory
allocation at 15M, CPU pipelining, IDE controller, IDE buffering, secondary IDE, IDE modes,
and onboard FDC, serial, and parallel port.
!
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP selects the power management features and the related
implementation.
!
PCI CONFIGURATION SETUP configures the PCI interrupt and other PCI unique features.
!
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS configures the onboard peripheral device such as serial, parallel
and other devices.
!
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS initializes all CMOS settings to a predefined default state.
!
SAVE & EXIT SETUP option prompts to save CMOS information and exits.
!
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING exits SETUP without writing setup information to CMOS.
2-50
Little Board P6d Module
Setup 2 — Standard CMOS Setup
Use Setup 2 to set the date and time, configure your hard and floppy disks, and report system
memory. Figure 2-8 shows what can be configured on Setup 2, and the sections that follow describe
each parameter.
STANDARD CMOS Setup
Ampro Computers, Inc.
Date (mm:dd:yyyy) : Wed, Feb 23, 1998
Time (hh:mm:ss)
: 8 : 17 : 25
HARD DISK
Primary Master
Primary Slave
Secondary Master
Secondary Slave
Drive A
Drive B
Video
Halt On
ESC : Quit
F1 : Help
:
:
:
:
TYPE
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
SIZE
0
0
0
0
CYLS HEAD PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
0
0
0
0
0 AUTO
0
0
0
0
0 AUTO
0
0
0
0
0 AUTO
0
0
0
0
0 AUTO
: 1.44M, 3.5 in.
: None
Base Memory:
640K
Extended Memory: 31744K
Other Memory:
384K
────────────────────────
: EGA/VGA
Total Memory: 32768K
: All Errors
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
(Shift)F2 : Change Color
Figure 2-8. Setup 2 — Standard CMOS Setup
The Standard CMOS Setup screen allows you to configure the following parameters:
!
DATE – Requires the numeric entry of mm:dd:yyyy. Calendar month is displayed and year
requires all 4 digits of century plus year.
!
No parameters are displayed for auto-detect hard disk.
!
The value displayed for Other Memory is required and utilized for system BIOS, video BIOS,
and other system extension ROM shadowing. It is not available for general OEM use.
!
HARD DISK – When Auto TYPE is used the MODE should also be AUTO.
!
When using any IDE hard drive, Auto is the best choice.
EIDE Hard Disk Drives
The module supports up to two hard disk drives connected to the IDE interface. Only hard disk
drives are directly supported in the system’s ROM BIOS. IDE CD-ROM drives and other IDEinterfaced peripherals are configured by software or drivers supplied separately.
Physical drives can have one or more logical partitions. You can install up to eight logical drives
using drive partitions. To configure the system for the IDE hard drives in your system, set the
drive parameters with Setup, as outlined here:
Drive Types — the configuration memory contains a default list of parameters that specify the
physical format of each drive. Each type specifies the total number of cylinders, number of heads,
cylinder to begin precompensation, landing zone cylinder number, and the number of sectors per
2-51
cylinder. The drive manufacturer supplies these parameters. The list contains “legacy values”,
standard for PCs — a number of older (smaller) drives are defined.
Drive type USER lets you enter drive parameters manually. If no built-in drive type matches your
drive, select drive type USER and enter the drive parameters in the fields provided.
Drive type AUTO selects Autoconfigure. Autoconfigure queries the drive for its parameters. Most
modern drives will respond to the query, allowing the BIOS to set the drive parameter values
automatically. This option also provides Logical Block Addressing (LBA) capability, which is used
to support drives larger than 512MB.
Note
LBA uses a translation scheme to convert physical heads, sectors and
cylinders to logical block numbers. Due to differences in the
translation schemes used by different system BIOSs, LBA-compatible
drives that have been formatted on Ampro systems may not function
properly in other systems that support LBA mode. However, due to
the intelligent translation algorithm in the Ampro BIOS, drives
formatted in other systems are likely to be usable on the Little Board
P6d CPU. This only applies to IDE drives that support LBA mode.
Consult the technical literature for the drive you select to find out if it
supports LBA mode.
Drive Selection
Besides specifying the physical characteristics of each IDE drive, you must also specify whether a
drive is a master or slave drive. The first drive in a system is always configured as a master drive.
A second drive would be a slave drive. Each manufacturer may use a different scheme to handle
the master and slave relationship, so drives from different manufacturers may not be compatible.
Be sure to test drive compatibility in systems with two IDE drives.
Drives default to master from the factory, so if you only have one IDE drive in a system it is
generally already set up properly.
Once you have set the system’s configuration memory, the IDE drive(s) can be formatted and
otherwise prepared normally. Refer to your operating system and disk drive documentation for
specific procedures and requirements.
Floppy Drives
The ROM BIOS supports all of the popular DOS-compatible floppy disk formats. This includes all
the 5-1/4 inch and 3-1/2 inch floppy formats — 360K, 720K, 1.2M, and 1.44M.
Drive Parameter Setup
Enter the number and type of floppy drives in the system. If the drives connected to the system do
not match the parameters in the configuration memory, POST displays an error message. To
eliminate the error message, set the drive parameters to match your floppy drives.
2-52
Little Board P6d Module
Video
Specify the initial video mode. Select Mono, CGA40, CGA80, or EGA/VGA. If your video display
card is VGA, super VGA, or any other high resolution standard, specify EGA/VGA no matter how it
is configured to come up.
Error Halt
Select which kinds of errors will halt the Power-On Self Test (POST). If you plan to use the module
without a keyboard, be sure to set this option to not halt on keyboard error.
DRAM Memory
The ROM BIOS automatically detects the amount of memory during POST and stores the result
when you save the configuration values when exiting Setup. This Setup page displays the amount
of memory found in the system.
Setup 3 — BIOS Features Setup
Use Setup 3 to set a variety of BIOS feature options. Figure 2-9 shows what can be configured on
Setup 3, and the sections that follow describe each parameter.
BIOS FEATURES Setup
Ampro Computers, Inc.
Virus Warning
: Disabled Video BIOS Shadow
CPU Internal Cache
: Enabled
External Cache
: Disabled Serial Console
Serial Boot Loader
Quick Power On Self Test : Disabled
Boot Sequence
: A,C,SCSI
Swap Floppy Drive
: Disabled
Boot Up Floppy Seek
: Enabled
Boot Up Numlock Status
: Off
Gate A20 Option
: Fast
Typematic Rate Setting
: Disabled
Typematic Rate (chars/Sec)
: 6
Typematic Delay(Msec)
: 250
PS/2 mouse function
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
OS Select for DRAM >64MB
Report No FDD For WIN 95
Watchdog Timer
:
:
:
:
:
Disabled
Disabled
Non-OS2
Yes
Disabled
: Enabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
ESC:Quit
↑ ↓ → ←: Select
Item
F1 :Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
F5 :Old Values (Shift)F2:Color
F6 :Load BIOS Defaults
F7 :Load Setup Defaults
Figure 2-9. Setup 3 — BIOS Features Setup
This Setup screen allows you to configure the following parameters:
!
VIRUS WARNING – default is disabled. Virus Warning monitors for writes to the hard disk
boot sector. It will display the following warning message, beep the speaker and wait for user
confirmation.
2-53
!!! WARNING !!!
Disk Boot sector is to be modified
type "Y" to accept, any key to abort
Award Software, Inc.
!
BOOT SEQUENCE – is, [A,C], [C,A], [A,SCSI], [SCSI,A], [CD,A,C], [C only], or [SCSI only].
Note
"C" refers to IDE/ATA drive and "CD" refers to a IDE/ATA CD-ROM
drive.
!
SWAP FLOPPY DRIVE – This allows swapping A and B drives.
!
PS/2 MOUSE FUNCTION – The interface uses IRQ12. Disabling the interface will allow other
uses for IRQ12. The PS2 mouse must be disabled before usingIRQ12 for other functions.
!
PCI/VGA PALETTE SNOOP – With this enabled graphic screens may be distorted when booting
Windows 95.
!
OS SELECT FOR DRAM > 64MB – This is used to limit the reporting of memory above 64MB.
Some operating systems will fail when more than 64MB of memory is reported. Some versions
of OS/2 are known to have this problem.
!
VIDEO BIOS SHADOW – PCI devices with onboard ROM always run from shadow ram
regardless of settings. The onboard video always runs in shadow ram.
!
SERIAL CONSOLE – This selection is limited to Serial Port 1 or 2.
!
WATCHDOG TIME – This is located in the second SuperI/O chip. Read the Game port to tickle.
Serial Console Operation during SETUP.
When SETUP is being run using the serial console interface, the "ARROW" keys and "F" keys must
be simulated.
!
Arrow Keys – Arrow keys may be entered as displayed on the screen. The "^", "v", "<", and ">"
keys will move the cursor in the represented direction. The WordStar diamond keys are also
implemented identical to the MS-DOS editor.
Note
These keys only respond in this manner during SETUP and not
during normal operation.
Table 2-47. Key Simulations
^, Ctrl-e
Up arrow
>, Ctrl-d
Right arrow
v, Ctrl-x
Down arrow
<, Ctrl-s
Left arrow
Ctrl-r
Page up
Ctrl-c
Page down
Note: These keys simulate the arrow keys only during Setup, but not during normal computer
operation.
2-54
Little Board P6d Module
!
F keys – F keys are entered with two keystrokes. The first entry is "F" followed by the number.
So that "F" followed by "1" is the same as using the "F1" key. F10 is simulated by entering F0,
"F" and "0".
Note
This unique operation only occurs during SETUP.
Setup 4 — Chipset Features Setup
Setup 4 — Chipset Features Setup controls internal chipset features. The OEM or end user should
never change most of these items, as they specify internal parameters that have been chosen to
support the existing motherboard design. Change these parameters only if directed to by Ampro
Technical Support. Figure 2-10 shows what can be configured on Setup 4. The items that can be
changed by the OEM are listed below.
Chipset Features Setup
Ampro Computers, Inc.
Auto Configuration
EDO DRAM Speed Selection
EDO CASx# MA Wait State
EDO RASx# Wait State
SDRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time
SDRAM CAS Latency Time
SDRAM Prechard Control
DRAM Data Integrity Mode
System BIOS Cacheable
Video BIOS Cacheable
Video RAM Cacheable
8 Bit I/O Recovery Time
16 Bit I/O Recovery Time
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
Passive Release
Delayed Transaction
AGP Aperture Size
:Enabled
:60ns
:2
:2
:3
:3
:3
:Disabled
:Non-ECC
:Disabled
:Disabled
:Disabled
:1
:1
:Disabled
:Enabled
:Disabled
:64
CPU Warning Temperature:100ºC/212ºF
Current CPU Temperature:68ºC/154ºF
ESC:Quit
↑ ↓ → ←
: Select Item
F1 :Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
F5 :Old Values (Shift)F2:Color
F6 :Load BIOS Defaults
F7 :Load Setup Defaults
Figure 2-10. Setup 4 — Chipset Features Setup
This Chipset Features Setup screen allows you to configure the following parameters:
!
AUTO CONFIGURATION — This controls the configuration of DRAM and SDRAM timing.
!
MEMORY HOLE AT 15M-16M — Local Memory option creates a 1 Meg memory hole below 16
Meg (special video hardware) and is only used by external video or a video board located in an
ISA bus slot.
2-55
Setup 5 — Power Management Setup
The Little Board P6d CPU BIOS incorporates power management features compliant with
Advanced Power Management (APM) BIOS Interface Specification Revision 1.1, created by Intel
and Microsoft. Setup 5 — Power Management Setup allows you to configure your system to most
effectively save energy while operating at the speed and response level you need in your
application. Figure 2-11 shows what can be configured on the Setup 5 page. A description of each
option is listed below.
Note
When features of the APM BIOS are enabled, some reduced power
states are entered automatically. Reduced power states alter the
performance of the system, usually slowing or halting the CPU. Use
the power management functions with care when using the Little
Board P6d in applications that require guaranteed maximum
response times.
Power Management
:
PM Control by APM
:
Video Off Option
:
Video Off After
:
Modem Use IRQ
:
Doze Mode
:
Standby Mode
:
Suspend Mode
:
HDD Power Down
:
Throttle Duty Cycle
:
PCI/VGA Act-Monitor
:
Soft Off by PWR-BTTN :
CPU Fan Off In Suspend:
Power-On By Ring
:
IRQ 8 Break Suspend
:
POWER MANAGEMENT Setup
Ampro Computers, Inc.
User Defined
** Reload Global Timer Events **
Yes
IRQ[3-7,9-15],NMI
: Enabled
VH Sync+Blank
Primary IDE 0
: Disabled
Standby
Primary IDE 1
: Disabled
3
Secondary IDE 0
: Disabled
Disabled
Secondary IDE 1
: Disabled
Disabled
Floppy Disk
: Disabled
Disabled
Serial Port
: Enabled
Disabled
Parallel Port
: Disabled
62.5%
Disabled
Instant-Off
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
ESC:Quit
↑↓→←: Select Item
F1 :Help
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
F5 :Old Values (Shift)F2:Color
F6 :Load BIOS Defaults
F7 :Load Setup Defaults
Figure 2-11. Setup 5 — Power Management Setup
This Power Management Setup screen allows you to configure the following parameters:
!
Power Management — This sets the type or degree of power savings and is directly related to
the power management modes defined by the APM specification. Settings are Disable (default),
Min. Savings, Max Savings, and User Defined. The difference between Min and Max Savings is
the time period delays between modes.
2-56
Little Board P6d Module
!
PM Control by APM — This selection, when enabled, allows operating systems with power
management support to control the modes required for safe operation of shutdown occurrences.
The default setting is Yes (Enabled).
!
Video Off Option — This selection sets the conditions under which the BIOS powers down the
video (assuming your video interface supports power management).
!
!
–
DPMS – Select this option only if your monitor supports the VESA Display Power Management
Signaling standard.
–
H/H Sync+Blank – This options turns off the horizontal and vertical sync signals and blanks the
video buffer.
–
Blank Screen – This option only blanks the video buffer.
Power Management Timers — These timing modes are only configurable if the Power
Management option is set to User Defined. Each timer sets the amount of idle time before the
system enters the specified power-saving mode. These modes are:
–
Doze Mode — This mode reduces the CPU clock speed after a set time of system inactivity, when
it is enabled. Other devices remain active.
–
Standby Mode — This mode reduces the CPU clock speed and shuts down the disk drives and
video monitor after a set time of system inactivity, when it is enabled. Other devices remain
active.
–
Suspend Mode — This mode shuts down all activities except DRAM refresh after a set time of
system inactivity,.
–
HDD Power Down — This mode shuts down the hard disk drives after a set time of system
inactivity, when it is enabled. All other devices remain active.
–
Throttle Duty Cycle — This mode selects a percentage of time the CPU runs in Doze Mode.
–
PCI/VGA Active Monitor — This mode restarts the Standby Mode timer, if there is any video
activity, when enabled.
–
Soft-Off by PWR-BUTTN — This mode enables the PWR-BUTTN (Power Button) input. A 4
second signal from this input will cause a power-down of all on-board systems. External power is
not controlled. The CPU fan may still run.
–
Power-On by Ring (also Resume by Ring) — The mode uses a ring to power on the board, but is
Disabled by default. When power is suspended to the board, Windows shuts down and power is
removed from the ring input. This also causes the ring input to act as a startup event if a ring
occurs, which will restart the board.
–
IRQ 8 Break Suspend — This mode uses the RTC Interrupt to cause the power management
mode to exit.
–
CPU Fan Off in Suspend — This feature turns off the CPU Fan in suspend mode, or keeps the
fan running, allowing it to cool off the CPU.
Reload Global Timer Events — Any of the Reload Global Timer Events will cause the Standby
Mode timer to be restarted when the event is detected.
2-57
Setup 6 — PCI Configuration Setup
The Little Board P6d CPU BIOS incorporates automatic PCI IRQ configuration for peripherals.
You can, however, override the automatic features and specify PCI IRQ settings with SETUP 6.
Figure 2-12 shows what can be configured on SETUP 6. A description of each option is listed below.
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
Available
Available
Available
Available
IRQ
IRQ
IRQ
IRQ
PCI CONFIGURATION SETUP
Ampro Computers, Inc.
:10
:11
:9
:5
ESC:Quit
↑ ↓ → ← :
Select Item
F1 :Help
PU/PD/+/- :
Modify
F5 :Old Values
(Shift)F2:Color
F6 :Load BIOS Defaults
F7 :Load Setup Defaults
Figure 2-12. Setup 6 — PCI Configuration Setup
This Setup screen allows you to configure the following parameters:
!
Nth Available IRQ — selects the order in which ISA IRQ channels can be assigned to PCI
devices.
!
PCI IDE Options — these options must be left in their default state.
Note
PCI interrupts may not be sharable with NON-PCI hardware onboard
or on the ISA bus. For example, if you are using IRQ10 for a serial
port and also have it assigned to the PCI bus, the serial interrupt will
not occur.
2-58
Little Board P6d Module
Setup 7 — Integrated Peripherals Setup
The peripheral interfaces integrated on the Little Board P6d system can be configured on Setup 7
— Integrated Peripherals Setup (Figure 2-13). You can configure the IDE port, USB port, floppy
controller, IrDA port, serial ports, and parallel port from this screen.
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS SETUP
Ampro Computers, Inc.
IDE HDD Block Mode
IDE Primary Master PIO
IDE Primary Slave PIO
IDE Secondary Master PIO
IDE Secondary Slave PIO
IDE Primary Master UDMA
IDE Primary Slave UDMA
IDE Secondary Master UDMA
IDE Secondary Slave UDMA
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
ON-Chip Secondary PCI IDE
USB Keyboard Support
Init Display First
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Enabled
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
PCI Slot
Onboard FDC Controller
Onboard Serial Port 1
Onboard Serial Port 2
UART2 Mode
:
:
:
:
Enabled
3F8/IRQ4
2F8/IRQ3
Standard
Onboard Parallel Port
: 378/IRQ7
Parallel Port Mode
: ECP+EPP1.9
ECP Mode use DMA
: 3
Onboard Serial Port 3
: 3E8H/IRQ4
Onboard Serial Port 4
: 2E8H/IRQ3
Interface Select Ser1
: RS232
Interface Select Ser2
: RS232
Interface Select Ser3
: RS232
Interface Select Ser4
: RS232
On-Board Sound Chip
: Enabled
On-Board LAN Chip
: Enabled
Assign IRQ for USB
: Enabled
Onboard VGA Display
: Enabled
VGA Flat Panel Type
: 1
ESC:Quit
↑ ↓ → ← : Select Item
F1 :Help
PU/PD/+/-: Modify
F5 :Old Values
(Shift)F2:Color
F6 :Load BIOS Defaults
F7 :Load Setup Defaults
Figure 2-13. Setup 7 — Integrated Peripherals Setup
!
IDE HDD Block Mode —This items allows your hard drive system to use a mode where the
interface transfers large blocks of data instead of the normal small blocks, when enabled.
Enabled is the default state, and works for newer hard drives. Disable this feature if your drive
does not support block mode transfers.
!
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO Mode — This item sets the PIO mode for devices
attached to the IDE interface. Auto (default) lets the BIOS automatically determine what mode
is the fastest for each device. Mode 1 through Mode 4 forces the BIOS to use the specified mode,
and overrides the MODE setting on the Standard CMOS Setup Screen, Setup 2.
!
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA — This item enables or disables support for Ultra
DMA/33 mode on the selected IDE device. When set to “AUTO”, Ultra DMA/33 will be used if it
is supported by the connected IDE drive.
!
On-Chip Primary/Secondary PCI IDE — This items enables or disables the primary or
secondary IDE controller.
!
USB Keyboard Support — This item is a legacy entry and must remain Disabled to use the ISA
memory region from D000:0 to D000:FFFF. This IRQ may be disabled for use elsewhere. This
does not prevent the USB keyboard from functioning.
!
Onboard FDC Controller — This item enables or disables the on-board floppy disk controller.
2-59
!
Onboard Serial Ports — These items configure each serial port’s address and interrupt.
Available choices for the I/O addresses are 3F8, 2F8, 3E8H, and 2E8H. Available IRQ choices
for all four serial ports are IRQ3 and IRQ4. You also use IRQ10 and IRQ12 for serial ports 3 and
4, if these IRQs are not already assigned. If you select Auto, the BIOS automatically selects the
IRQ for you. You may also disable any serial port.
!
Onboard Parallel Port — This item sets the parallel port address and IRQ assignments.
Available addresses are 378, 278, or 3BC. Available IRQ assignments are IRQ7 and IRQ5. You
may also disable the port.
!
Parallel Port Mode — This item sets the type of parallel port mode (ECP or ECP/EPP).
!
ECP Mode Use DMA — This item selects a DMA channel to use with the ECP mode of the
parallel port. This selection only applies if the parallel port is configured for ECP or ECP/EPP
modes.
!
Interface Select SerX — These items set the respective port for RS232 or RS485 compatibility.
!
Onboard Sound Chip — This item enables or disables the on-board Audio subsystem.
!
Onboard LAN Chip — This item enables or disables the on-board Ethernet controller.
!
Assign IRQ for USB — This item allows you to manual select an IRQ for the USB port by
setting this to Enable. If you set this to Disable, the IRQ for the USB port is automatically
assigned.
!
Onboard VGA Display — Choices are CRT, FP (Flat Panel), CRT/FP (CRT and Flat paneldisplay default setting), NTSC, and PAL.
Note
In CRT/FP mode the CRT may not display correctly depending on the
Flat Panel selected and the scan capabilities of the CRT monitor.
!
VGA Flat Panel Type — There is support for 8 VGA Flat Panel Types, numbered 1 to 8. The list
in Table 2-48 details the flat panel types available for each support number. For panel support
not listed in Table 2-48, contact Ampro for more information.
Table 2-48. VGA Flat Panel Types
Panel #
2-60
Panel Class
1
1024x768 Dual Scan STN Color Panel
2
1280x1024 TFT Color Panel
3
640x480 Dual Scan STN Color Panel
4
800x600 Dual Scan STN Color Panel
5
640x480 Sharp TFT Color Panel
6
640x480 18-bit TFT Color Panel
7
1024x768 TFT Color Panel
8
800x600 TFT Color Panel
Little Board P6d Module
Other Setup Screens
Load Setup Defaults Screen
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
Ampro Computers, Inc.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
PCI CONFIGURATION Load Setup Defaults(Y/N)?N VING
ESC : Quit
↑ ↓ → ←
: Select Item
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
(Shift)F2
: Change Color
Load Setup Defaults except Standard CMOS SETUP
Figure 2-14. Load Setup Defaults Screen
IDE HDD Auto Detection Screen
The IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION screen provides one or more options other than AUTO for
configuring the hard disk drive. These options may include Logical Block Mode (LBA), Normal
Mode, or Large Mode.
HARD DISK
TYPE SIZE
CYLS HEAD PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
Primary Master
:
Primary Slave
:
Secondary Master :
Secondary Slave :
Select Primary Master
OPTIONS
1(Y)
SIZE
0
Option (N=Skip) : N
CYLS HEAD PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
0
0
0
0
0 NORMAL
Note: Some OSes (like SCO-UNIX) must use “NORMAL” for installation
ESC : SKIP
Figure 2-15. IDE HDD Auto Detection Screen
2-61
Save & Exit Setup Screen
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
Ampro Computers, Inc.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
PCI CONFIGURATION
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? N
G
ESC : Quit
↑ ↓ → ←
: Select Item
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
(Shift)F2
: Change Color
Save Data to CMOS & Exit SETUP
Figure 2-16. Save & Exit Setup Screen
Exit Without Saving Screen
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
Ampro Computers, Inc.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
PCI CONFIGURATION
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
Quit Without Saving(Y/N)? N
G
ESC : Quit
↑ ↓ → ←
: Select Item
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
(Shift)F2
: Change Color
Abandon all Data & Exit SETUP
Figure 2-17. Exit Without Saving Screen
2-62
Chapter 3
Technical Specifications
Little Board P6d Technical Specifications
The following section provides technical specifications for the Little Board P6d system.
CPU/Motherboard
!
CPU: Pentium-II processor
!
System RAM:
–
DIMM module, utilizing 3.3V SDRAM memory chips
–
Supports from 32MB to 256MB total RAM
–
256KB Internal level-two cache
–
Shadow RAM support provides fast system BIOS and video BIOS execution
!
15 interrupt channels (8259-equivalent)
!
7 DMA channels (8237-equivalent)
!
3 programmable counter/timers (8254-equivalent)
!
Standard PC/AT keyboard port
!
Standard PC speaker port with 0.1 watt output drive
!
Battery-backed real-time clock and CMOS RAM:
!
Up to 10 year battery life
!
Supports battery-free operation
!
Ampro Extended BIOS
Embedded-PC System Enhancements
!
!
!
!
CompactFlash Socket:
–
Usable with standard CompactFlash modules
–
Equivalent to an IDE drive
–
OEM Flash Memory (available with 1MB Flash BIOS option). 768KB OEM Flash memory is
available for OEM use
4k-bit configuration EEPROM:
–
Stores system Setup parameters
–
Supports battery-free boot capability
–
512 bits available for OEM use
Watchdog Timer
–
Selectable Timeout: 30 seconds/60 seconds/90 seconds/Disabled
–
Timeout triggers hardware reset
Powerfail NMI triggers when +5 Volt power drops below +4.7 Volts.
3–1
On-board Peripherals
This section describes standard peripherals found on every Little Board P6d module.
!
!
!
!
!
!
3-2
Four buffered serial ports (Two with full handshaking)
–
Implemented with 16550-equivalent controllers with built-in 16-byte FIFO buffers
–
On-board generation of RS232C signal levels
–
All support either RS232C, RS485, or RS422
–
Logged as COM1, COM2, COM3, and COM4 by DOS
–
Serial 1/Serial 3 and Serial2/Serial4 share interrupts (IRQs)
Multi-mode Parallel Port
–
Superset of standard LPT printer port
–
Bidirectional data lines
–
IEEE-1284 (EPP/ECP) compliant
–
Standard hardware supports all four IEEE-1284 protocol modes
–
Internal 16-byte FIFO buffer
–
DMA option for data transfers
Floppy Disk Controller
–
Supports one or two drives
–
Reliable digital phase-locked loop circuit
–
BIOS supports all standard PC/AT formats: 360K, 1.2M, 720K, and 1.44M
PCI EIDE Disk Controllers
–
PCI bus implementation of Extended IDE (EIDE) hard disk controllers (2)
–
Supports up to four hard disk drives.
–
Fast ATA-capable interface supports high-speed PIO modes
–
BIOS supports drives larger than 528MB through Logical Block Addressing (LBA)
–
Supports CompactFlash interface
PCI Audio Interface
–
SoundBlaster™ Pro/16 compatibility
–
Trident 4DWAVE-NX controller
–
National LM4549 AD97 CODEC
–
National LM4863 2W Audio Amplifier
Flat Panel/CRT Video Controller
–
Supports CRTs and flat panel LCDs
–
Supports Enhanced AGP Bus Interface
–
Uses state-of-the-art 69030 Multimedia Accelerator
–
4MB Embedded 83MHz SDRAM
–
MultiView for different/same images on separate displays (LCD with CRT or TV)
–
Video modes and resolutions, and memory requirements: See video tables starting on page 3-4.
–
Supports interlaced or non-interlaced displays in resolution modes up to 1280x1024.
–
Supports True Color at 800x600 VGA resolution
–
GUI accelerator for enhanced performance
Little Board P6d Module
!
–
Software programmable flat panel interface. Flat panel video BIOS contained in an on-board
Flash EPROM device for easy customization.
–
Standard model supports 3.3V flat panels; support for 5V flat panels with external adapter.
–
Supports Zoom Video Port
Ethernet LAN Interface
–
Complies with IEEE 802.3 (ANSI 8802-3) MII
–
Controller: Intel 82559ER 10/100Mbps Ethernet controller
–
Topology: Ethernet bus, using CSMA/CD
–
Plug and Play compatible
–
10/100BaseT via an on-board RJ45 connector
–
Data rate: automatic arbitration for 10/100Mbps operation
–
32-bit PCI host interface for fast operation, up to 33MHz PCI clock frequency (PCI specification
revision 2.1)
–
High-performance bus mastering capability
–
Boot ROM image can be installed in system using a Flash programming utility
Support Software
Ampro embedded PC-BIOS features:
!
Watchdog timer (WDT) support
!
Fail-safe boot logic
!
Battery-free boot
!
Serial console option
!
Serial loader option
!
EEPROM access functions
!
Advanced Power Management (APM) support
!
Large hard disk Logical Block Addressing (LBA) support
!
See the Ampro Embedded-PC BIOS data sheet for additional details about these features.
Software Utilities included:
!
Watchdog timer support
!
Serial access and development support
!
Display controller support
!
Ethernet controller support
Mechanical and Environmental Specifications
146x203x30 mm (8.0x5.75x1.2”). Refer to Figure 2–1 for mounting dimensions.
Power requirements of 3.5A (typical, with 16MB DRAM, measured at 5V ± 5%). Power
requirements can vary, depending on the installed CPU and type of system DRAM installed.
Operating environment:
!
Standard: 0° to 60° C (with adequate airflow)
!
Extended temperature range of –40° to +85° C can be tested by special order. Contact Ampro
for more information.
3-3
!
5 to 95% relative humidity (non-condensing)
!
Storage temperature: -55° to +85° C
!
Weight: 11.6 oz. (329 gm), no DRAM installed
!
Shock and Vibration: Designed to MIL-STD 202F, Method 213B, Table 213-I, Condition A
(three 50G shocks in each axis) and MIL-STD 202F, Method 214A, Table 214-I, Condition D
(11.95B random vibration, 100 Hz to 1000 Hz for 5 minutes per axis).
!
ISA portion of the PC/104-Plus expansion bus
!
–
Female, non-stackthrough, 16-bit bus connectors, for expansion via PC/104 modules
–
Four mounting holes
PCI portion of the PC/104-Plus expansion bus:
–
4x30 (120-pin) 2 mm pitch non-stackthrough connector.
–
Electrical specifications equivalent to the PCI Local Bus Specification Rev. 2.1.
Flat Panel Displays
The Little Board P6d display controller supports all flat panel display technologies including
plasma, electroluminescent (EL), and LCD. LCD panel types include single panel-single drive (SS),
and dual panel-dual drive (DD) configurations. The features of the Little Board P6d display
controller include graphics acceleration, MPEG1 and MPEG2 playback, Video capture, and motion
compensation for DVD.
Note
Flat panel support in the Little Board P6d ROM BIOS will change
from time to time to maintain compatibility with current panel
technology.
BIOS Modes
The video modes listed in this section show supported video BIOS modes. The support for these
modes is strictly from the video BIOS. No support from a software driver is needed to display one
of these modes. For Standard VGA Modes, see Table 3-1. For Low Resolution modes, see Table 3-2.
For Extended Modes, see Table 3-3.
3-4
Little Board P6d Module
Table 3-1. Supported CRT Video Modes—Standard VGA
Video
Pixel
Color
Font
Character
Pixel Clock
Horizontal
Vertical
Mode #
Resolution
Depth
Size
Resolution
(MHz)
Frequency
Frequency
(KHz)
(Hz)
00h
360x400
16
9x16
40x25
25.175
31.4
70
01h
360x400
16
9x16
40x25
25.175
31.4
70
02h
720x400
16
9x16
80x25
25.175
31.4
70
03h
720x400
16
9x16
80x25
25.175
31.4
70
04h
320x200
4
8x8
40x25
28.322
31.5
70
05h
320x200
4
8x8
40x25
28.322
31.5
70
06h
640x200
2
8x8
80x25
25.175
31.4
70
07h
720x400
Mono
9x16
80x25
25.175
31.4
70
08h
-0Ch
Reserved
----
----
----
----
----
----
0Dh
320x200
16
8x8
40x25
25.175
31.4
70
0Eh
640x200
16
8x8
80x25
25.175
31.4
70
0Fh
640x350
Mono
8x14
80x25
25.175
31.4
70
10h
640x350
16
8x14
80x25
25.175
31.4
70
11h
640x480
2
8x16
80x30
25.175
31.4
60
12h
640x480
16
8x16
80x30
25.175
31.4
60
13h
320x200
256
8x8
40x25
25.175
31.4
70
3-5
Table 3-2. Supported CRT Video Modes—Low Resolution
Video
Mode #
VESA
Pixel
VBE
Resolution
Colors
Font
Character
Pixel Clock
Size
Resolution
(MHz)
Mode
Vert
Freq
Freq
(KHz)
(Hz)
14h
----
320x200
256
8x16
40x12
12.587
31.5
70
15h
----
320x200
64K
8x16
40x12
12.587
31.5
70
16h
----
320x200
16M
8x16
40x12
12.587
31.5
70
17h
----
320x240
256
8x16
40x15
12.587
31.5
60
18h
----
320x240
64K
8x16
40x15
12.587
31.5
60
19h
----
320x240
16M
8x16
40x15
12.587
31.5
60
1Ah
----
400x300
256
8x16
50x18
20
37.5
60
1Bh
----
400x300
64K
8x16
50x18
20
37.5
60
1Ch
----
400x300
16M
8x16
50x18
20
37.5
60
1Dh
----
512x384
256
8x16
64x24
32.5
48.4
60
1Eh
----
512x384
64K
8x16
64x24
32.5
48.4
60
1Fh
----
512x384
16M
8x16
64x24
32.5
48.4
60
31h
100h
640x400
256
8x16
80x25
25.175
31.5
70
61h
----
640x400
64K
8x16
80x25
25.175
31.5
70
62h
----
640x400
16M
8x16
80x25
25.175
31.5
70
Note: All modes in this table are Graphical and Linear, except where noted.
3-6
Horiz
Little Board P6d Module
Table 3-3. Supported CRT Video Modes—Extended Modes
Video
Mode #
VESA
Pixel
VBE
Resolution
Colors
Font
Character
Pixel Clock
Size
Resolution
(MHz)
Mode
Horiz
Vert
Freq
Freq
(KHz)
(Hz)
30h
101h
640x480
256
8x16
80x30
25.175
31.5
36
46
31.5
37.5
43.3
53.2
60
75
85
100
31h
100h
640x400
256
8x16
80x25
25.175
31.5
70
32h
103h
800x600
256
8x16
100x37
40
49.5
56.25
74
37.9
46.9
53.7
66.1
60
75
85
100
34h
105h
1024x768
256
8x16
128x48
44.9
65
78.75
94.5
121
35.5
48.4
60
68.7
84
43 (I)
60
75
85
100
36h
----
Generic
256
8x16
---
-------------
-------------
-------------
38h
107h
1280x1024
256
8x16
160x64
78.75
108
135
47
64
79.98
43 (I)
60
75
3Ah
----
1600x200
256
8x16
200x75
162
75
60
40h
110h
640x400
32K
8x16
80x30
25.175
31.5
36
46
31.5
37.5
43.3
53.2
60
75
85
100
41h
111h
640x480
64K
8x16
80x30
25.175
31.5
36
46
31.5
37.5
43.3
53.2
60
75
85
100
42h
113h
800x600
32K
8x16
100x37
40
49.5
56.25
74
37.9
46.9
53.7
66.1
60
75
85
100
43h
114h
800x600
64K
8x16
100x37
40
49.5
56.25
74
37.9
46.9
53.7
66.1
60
75
85
100
44h
116h
1024x768
32K
8x16
128x48
44.9
65
78.75
94.5
121
35.5
48.4
60
68.7
84
43 (I)
60
75
85
100
45h
117h
1024x768
64K
8x16
128x48
44.9
65
78.75
94.5
121
35.5
48.4
60
68.7
84
43 (I)
60
75
85
100
3-7
3-8
46h
----
Generic
32K
8x16
----
-------------
-------------
-------------
47h
----
Generic
64K
8x16
----
-------------
-------------
-------------
48h
119h
1280x1024
32K
8x16
160x64
78.75
108
135
47
64
79.98
43 (I)
60
75
49h
11Ah
1280x1024
64K
8x16
160x64
78.75
108
135
47
64
79.98
43 (I)
60
75
50h
112h
640x480
16M
8x16
80x30
25.175
31.5
36
46
31.5
37.5
43.3
53.2
60
75
85
100
52h
115h
800x600
16M
8x16
100x37
40
49.5
56.25
74
37.9
46.9
53.7
66.1
60
75
85
100
54h
118h
1024x768
16M
8x16
128x48
44.9
65
78.75
94.5
121
35.5
48.4
60
68.7
84
43 (I)
60
75
85
100
56h
----
Generic
16M
8x16
----
-------------
-------------
-------------
58h
11Bh
1280x1024
16M
8x16
160x64
78.75
108
135
47
64
79.98
43 (I)
60
75
6Ah
102h
800x600**
16*
8x16
100x37
40
49.5
56.25
74
37.9
46.9
53.7
66.1
60
75
85
100
64h
104h
1024x768**
16*
8x16
128x48
44.9
65
78.75
94.5
121
35.5
48.4
60
68.7
84
43 (I)
60
75
85
100
68h
106h
1280x1024**
16*
8x16
160x64
78.75
108
135
47
64
79.98
43 (I)
60
75
70h
101h
640x480
256*
8x16
80x30
25.175
31.5
36
46
31.5
37.5
43.3
53.2
60
75
85
100
71h
100h
640x400
256*
8x16
80x25
25.175
31.5
70
72h
103h
800x600
256*
8x16
100x37
40
49.5
56.25
37.9
46.9
53.7
60
75
85
Little Board P6d Module
74
66.1
100
74h
105h
1024x768
256*
8x16
128x48
44.9
65
78.75
94.5
121
35.5
48.4
60
68.7
84
43 (I)
60
75
85
100
78h
107h
1280x1024
256*
8x16
160x64
78.75
108
135
47
64
79.98
43 (I)
60
75
Notes: All modes in this table are Graphical, Linear, and the memory organization is Pack Pix, except
where noted. Refer to manufacturer’s data sheet for more information.
(I) = Interlaced
*These modes are non-Linear.
**The memory organization is Planar.
Hardware IRQ Map
Table 3-4 details the IRQ assignments for the Little Board P6d.
Table 3-4. Hardware IRQ Map
IRQ #
0
Timer tick
X
Keyboard
Cascade
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
X
X
X
X
COM1
D
COM2
D
COM3
O
D
O
O
COM4
D
O
O
O
Floppy
LPT1
13
X
O
RTC
D
X
IDE
Math
X
Mouse
X
PCI INTA
O
D
O
O
PCI INTB
O
O
O
D
PCI INTC
D
O
O
O
PCI INTD
O
O
D
O
D = default
O = optional
X = hardwired
3-9
3-10
Appendix A
Standards Contact Information
To contact the PC/104 Consortium for a copy of the proposed PC/104-Plus specification:
PC/104 Consortium
1060–B North Fourth Street
San Jose, CA 95112
Telephone: 650-903-8304
EPP and ECP Operation
The board’s parallel port is compliant with the IEEE-1284 Extended Capabilities Port Protocol and
ISA Standard (Rev 1.09, January 7, 1993), developed by Microsoft. Contact IEEE Customer Service
and request IEEE Std 1284 for information about EPP and ECP operation.
IEEE Customer Service
445 Hoes Lane
PO Box 1331
Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331 USA
Phone:
FAX:
Telex:
Website:
(800) 678-IEEE (in the US and Canada)
(908) 981-0060 (outside the US and Canada)
(908) 981-9667
833233
http://standards.IEEE.org
A–1
A-2
Appendix B
Cables
Cables included in the QuickStart Kit (LB3-LB/P6d-K-00) and the Cable Kit (CBL-LB/P6d-Q-01) are
detailed in this section. These cables are intended for use during your application development,
and are only shown here to aid you in the design of cables for your particular application.
Figure B-1. Little Board P6d Utility Cable Adapter
B–1
B–2
Index
A
AAN-9403, Serial boot............................ 2-16
AGP Bus Interface, Enhanced ................. 1-4
Analog video ........................................... 2-36
APM, video ............................................. 2-35
architecture .............................................. 1-9
serial console arrow keys ....................... 2-17
ASCII terminal ....................................... 2-16
audio interface.......................................... 1-3
B
backspace, serial console ........................ 2-17
battery ...................................................... 2-8
Battery-backed clock .............................. 2-12
BIOS ................................................ 1-2, 2-10
BIOS recovery ........................................ 2-10
block diagram ........................................... 1-9
C
cable
IEEE-1284........................................... 2-21
IrDA port............................................. 2-19
parallel port ........................................ 2-20
Cables
IDE ...................................................... 2-27
Utility.................................................. 2-42
CGA40/CGA80 video modes ................... 2-55
Clock ....................................................... 2-12
COM port table....................................... 2-18
CompactFlash........................................... 1-3
CompactFlash device.............................. 2-29
Configuration
Summary ............................................... 2-6
Connector
CRT (J5) .............................................. 2-37
Floppy (J14) ........................................ 2-27
IDE (J12)............................................. 2-28
Keyboard (J16) .................................... 2-44
parallel port (J5) ................................. 2-21
PC/104 expansion bus ......................... 2-47
PC/104-PIus expansion bus (P3) ......... 2-49
Power (J10) ........................................... 2-7
Serial ports (J11, J13)............... 2-14, 2-15
USB (J5) ..............................................2-18
Utility (J16) .........................................2-43
connector locations ...................................2-5
connector usage summary ........................2-3
cooling, CPU .............................................2-8
CPU ...........................................................1-1
CPU, cooling .............................................2-8
CRT connector (J5) .................................2-37
CTL-ALT-DEL ........................................2-50
cursor commands, serial console ............2-17
customer support, Ampro ............................v
D
DC power ..................................................2-7
dimensions, mounting...............................2-2
DIN plug, keyboard ................................2-44
Disk, EIDE .....................................2-27, 2-53
Disk, floppy ....................................2-25, 2-54
DLC address, Ethernet ...........................2-39
DMA usage..............................................2-11
DMA, parallel port..................................2-20
DRAM ..............................................2-9, 2-55
drive types ..............................................2-54
E
EGA/VGA video modes ...........................2-55
EIDE interface .................................1-3, 2-27
email, Ampro................................................v
Embedded Design Resource Center.............v
Embedded-PC System Enhancements......3-1
Environmental specifications ...................3-3
error halt.................................................2-55
Ethernet ID.............................................2-39
Ethernet interface ...........1-4, 2-39, 2-40, 3-3
drivers .................................................2-40
Expansion bus..................................1-2, 2-45
expansion cards ......................................2-46
External Video Overlay Connector (J6) .2-38
F
fast IR .....................................................2-19
FIR ..........................................................2-19
Flat panel displays ...................................3-4
Flat panel video ......................................2-33
Index–1
Index
motherboard..............................................1-1
mounting dimensions................................2-2
Flat Panel Video Connector (J3) ............ 2-35
Floppy connector (J14) ........................... 2-27
Floppy drives ................................. 2-26, 2-54
Floppy interface .............................. 1-3, 2-25
Frequently Asked Questions ....................... v
FTP, Ampro ................................................. v
N
I
O
I/O Development Board ............................ 1-6
IDE connector (J12)................................ 2-28
IDE hard drives...................................... 2-53
IEEE-1284 cables ................................... 2-21
infrared................................................... 2-19
Installation, MiniModules............... 1-5, 2-45
Interface, EIDE ...................................... 2-27
Interface, floppy disk ............................. 2-25
interrupt usage....................................... 2-11
PCI interrupts ........................................ 2-11
IrDA........................................................ 2-19
IrDA port, cable...................................... 2-19
IRQ Map ................................................... 3-8
ISO 9001 ................................................... 1-5
OSI model ...............................................2-40
network operating systems.....................2-40
NMI ...........................................................2-8
P
jumper locations ....................................... 2-5
Jumper summary ..................................... 2-6
Jumpering, general information .............. 2-6
Parallel port .....................................1-3, 2-19
parallel port connections (J5) .................2-21
PC/104 bus ................................................1-2
PC/104 bus connectors ............................2-47
PC/104-Plus bus ......................................2-45
PC/104-Plus bus connector (P3)..............2-49
phone numbers, Ampro................................ i
port, serial...............................................2-12
Power Connector (J10)..............................2-7
Power LED ..............................................2-44
Power requirements..................................2-7
Power supplies, switching ........................2-8
power, DC .................................................2-7
Powerfail NMI ..........................................2-8
Printer port .............................................2-19
Pushbutton reset.....................................2-44
K
R
Keyboard connector (J16)....................... 2-44
Real-time clock.................................2-8, 2-12
reliability ..................................................1-5
Reset, pushbutton ...................................2-44
J
L
LBA......................................................... 2-54
LED, power............................................. 2-44
logical block addressing ......................... 2-54
M
manufacturer ID .................................... 2-39
Mating connector
J1........................................................... 2-7
J11, J13 ............................................... 2-15
J16....................................................... 2-43
J5......................................................... 2-37
J6......................................................... 2-38
J9......................................................... 2-33
Mechanical specifications......................... 3-3
system memory map................................. 2-9
MiniModule installation.................. 1-5, 2-45
Index–2
S
Serial boot ...............................................2-16
serial console...........................................2-16
serial console COM port table ................2-18
Serial downloading .................................2-16
serial port.........................................1-3, 2-12
Serial port connectors (J11, J13) ...2-14, 2-15
SETUP ...........................................2-10, 2-50
Other SETUP Screens .........................2-63
page 1, main menu ..............................2-52
page 2, standard CMOS SETUP .........2-53
page 3, BIOS features .........................2-55
page 4, chipset features.......................2-57
page 6, PCI configuration....................2-59
page 7, integrated peripherals ............2-61
Index
SETUP summary.................................... 2-51
shadowing............................................... 2-10
shock and vibration .................................. 1-5
SIR.......................................................... 2-19
Speaker................................................... 2-44
Specifications ....................................... v, 3-1
support, Ampro............................................ v
Switching power supplies......................... 2-8
system block diagram............................... 1-9
T
technical information .................................. v
technical support, Ampro ............................ v
temperature.............................................. 2-8
temperature testing ................................. 1-5
Termination, AT bus .............................. 2-45
thermal sensor.......................................... 2-8
U
universal serial bus (USB) ..................... 2-18
Utility connector (J16) ........................... 2-43
V
Video Connector Summary..................... 2-34
video controller......................................... 1-4
Video option.............................................. 3-2
W
Watchdog Timer ..................................... 2-41
website, Ampro ............................................ v
White Papers ............................................... v
Index–3
Index
Index–4
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