Maxim MAX9710ETP+ (73-865-70)

Maxim MAX9710ETP+ (73-865-70)
KIT
ATION
EVALU
E
L
B
AVAILA
19-2841; Rev 1; 6/08
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
The MAX9710/MAX9711 are stereo/mono 3W bridge-tied
load (BTL) audio power amplifiers. These devices are
PC99/01 compliant, operate from a single 4.5V to 5.5V
supply, and feature an industry-leading 100dB PSRR,
which allows these devices to operate from noisy supplies without additional, costly power-supply conditioning. An ultra-low 0.005% THD+N ensures clean,
low-distortion amplification of the audio signal while
patented click-and-pop suppression eliminates audible
transients on power and shutdown cycles. Power-saving
features include low 2mV VOS (minimizing DC current
drain through the speakers), low 7mA supply current,
and a 0.5µA shutdown mode. A MUTE function allows
the outputs to be quickly enabled or disabled.
These devices include thermal overload protection, are
specified over the extended -40°C to +85°C temperature range, and are supplied in thermally efficient packages. The MAX9710 is available in a 20-pin thin QFN
package (5mm ✕ 5mm ✕ 0.8mm). The MAX9711 is
available in a 12-pin thin QFN package (4mm ✕ 4mm ✕
0.8mm).
Features
♦ 3W into 3Ω (1% THD+N)
♦ 4W into 3Ω (10% THD+N)
♦ Industry-Leading, Ultra-High 100dB PSRR
♦ PC99/01 Compliant
♦ Patented Click-and-Pop Suppression
♦ Low 0.005% THD+N
♦ Low Quiescent Current: 7mA
♦ Low-Power Shutdown Mode: 0.5µA
♦ MUTE Function
♦ Tiny 20-Pin Thin QFN (5mm ✕ 5mm ✕ 0.8mm)
Ordering Information
PART
Applications
Notebook PCs
Two-Way Radios
Flat-Panel TVs
General-Purpose Audio
Flat-Panel PC Displays
Powered Speakers
PGND
OUTL+
PVDD
OUTL-
N.C.
18
17
16
MAX9711ETC
-40°C to +85°C 12-Thin QFN-EP*
Mono
*EP = Exposed pad.
Simplified Block Diagram
SINGLE SUPPLY
4.5V TO 5.5V
INL
1
15
PGND
BIAS
2
14
SHDN
N.C.
3
13
N.C.
MUTE
4
12
VDD
MAX9710
AMP
Stereo
TOP VIEW
19
PIN-PACKAGE
-40°C to +85°C 20-Thin QFN-EP*
Pin Configurations
20
TEMP RANGE
MAX9710ETP
LEFT IN
MAX9710
RIGHT IN
11
8
9
10
OUTR-
N.C.
7
PVDD
6
OUTR+
5
PGND
INR
PGND
TQFN
Pin Configurations continued at end of data sheet.
________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642,
or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
1
MAX9710/MAX9711
General Description
MAX9710/MAX9711
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
20-Pin Thin QFN (derate 20.8mW/°C above +70°C) ....1667mW
Operating Temperature Range............................-40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
Junction Temperature ......................................................+150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
VDD to GND, PGND ...............................................................+6V
PVDD to VDD .......................................................................±0.3V
PGND to GND.....................................................................±0.3V
All Other Pins to GND.................................-0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V)
Continuous Input Current (into any pin
except power supply and output pins).........................±20mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
12-Pin Thin QFN (derate 16.9mW/°C above +70°C) ....1349mW
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = PVDD = 5.0V, VGND = VPGND = VMUTE = 0V, V SHDN = 5V, RIN = RF = 15kΩ, RL = ∞. TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise
noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER
Supply Voltage Range
SYMBOL
VDD/PVDD
Quiescent Supply Current
(IVDD + IPVDD)
IDD
Shutdown Supply Current
I SHDN
Turn-On Time
tON
CONDITIONS
Inferred from PSRR test
MIN
TYP
4.5
MAX
UNITS
5.5
V
MAX9710
12
30
MAX9711
7
17
SHDN = GND
0.5
30
CBIAS = 1µF (10% of final value)
300
CBIAS = 0.1µF (10% of final value)
30
mA
µA
ms
Thermal Shutdown Threshold
160
°C
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis
15
°C
OUTPUT AMPLIFIERS
Output Offset Voltage
Power-Supply Rejection Ratio
Output Power
Total Harmonic Distortion Plus
Noise
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
VOS
PSRR
POUT
THD+N
SNR
Slew Rate
SR
Maximum Capacitive Load Drive
CL
Crosstalk
±2
VOUT_+ - VOUT_-, AV = 2
VRIPPLE = 200mVP-P
(Note 2)
fIN = 1kHz,
THD+N < 1%
fIN = 1kHz, BW =
22Hz to 22kHz
VDD = 4.5V to 5.5V
82
f = 1kHz
87
f = 20kHz
74
RL = 8Ω
±14
mV
100
1.1
dB
1.4
RL = 4Ω
2.6
RL = 3Ω
W
3
POUT = 1.2W, RL = 8Ω
0.005
POUT = 2W, 4Ω
0.01
RL = 8Ω, VOUT = 2.8VRMS, BW = 22Hz to 22kHz
%
95
dB
1.6
V/µs
No sustained oscillations
1
nF
fIN = 10kHz
77
dB
BIAS VOLTAGE (BIAS)
BIAS Voltage
VBIAS
Output Resistance
RBIAS
2.35
2.5
2.65
50
V
kΩ
DIGITAL INPUTS (MUTE, SHDN)
Input Voltage High
VIH
Input Voltage Low
VIL
2
0.8
V
Input Leakage Current
IIN
±1
µA
Note 1: All devices are 100% production tested at +25°C. All temperature limits are guaranteed by design.
Note 2: PSSR is specified with the amplifier inputs connected to GND through RIN and CIN.
2
_______________________________________________________________________________________
V
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
RL = 3Ω
AV = -4V/V
1
0.1
THD+N (%)
THD+N (%)
POUT = 500mW
THD+N (%)
0.1
0.1
POUT = 500mW
POUT = 2.5W
POUT = 2.5W
POUT = 2W
0.001
0.001
0.001
10
100
1k
POUT = 250mW
0.01
0.01
0.01
RL = 4Ω
AV = -2V/V
10k
10
100k
MAx9710/11 toc03
1
MAx9710/11 toc02
RL = 3Ω
AV = -2V/V
MAx9710/11 toc01
1
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. FREQUENCY
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. FREQUENCY
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. FREQUENCY
100
1k
10k
10
100k
100
1k
10k
100k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. FREQUENCY
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. FREQUENCY
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. FREQUENCY
RL = 4Ω
AV = -4V/V
0.1
1
MAx9710/11 toc05
1
MAx9710/11 toc04
1
RL = 8Ω
AV = -2V/V
0.1
0.01
THD+N (%)
THD+N (%)
THD+N (%)
0.1
POUT = 250mW
RL = 8Ω
AV = -4V/V
MAx9710/11 toc06
FREQUENCY (Hz)
POUT = 250mW
POUT = 250mW
0.01
0.01
POUT = 2W
0.001
0.001
10
100
1k
10k
100k
10
100
1k
10k
10
100k
100
1k
10k
100k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. OUTPUT POWER
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. OUTPUT POWER
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. OUTPUT POWER
f = 10kHz
f = 20Hz
0.01
MAX9710/11 toc08
1
f = 10kHz
f = 1kHz
0.1
AV = -2V/V
RL = 4Ω
10
1
0.1
f = 20Hz
f = 1kHz
0.001
f = 20Hz
0.001
0.001
1
2
OUTPUT POWER (W)
3
4
f = 10kHz
f = 1kHz
0.01
0.01
0
100
THD+N (%)
1
AV = -4V/V
RL = 3Ω
10
THD+N (%)
10
0.1
100
MAX9710/11 toc07
AV = -2V/V
RL = 3Ω
MAX9710/11 toc09
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100
THD+N (%)
POUT = 1.2W
POUT = 1.2W
0.001
0
1
2
OUTPUT POWER (W)
3
4
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
OUTPUT POWER (W)
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3
MAX9710/MAX9711
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VDD = 5V, THD+N measurement bandwidth = 22Hz to 22kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = 5V, THD+N measurement bandwidth = 22Hz to 22kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
1
f = 10kHz
f = 1kHz
1
0.1
f = 20Hz
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
0.5
1.0
1.5
OUTPUT POWER
vs. TEMPERATURE
OUTPUT POWER
vs. TEMPERATURE
OUTPUT POWER
vs. TEMPERATURE
THD+N = 1%
2
THD+N = 10%
3
OUTPUT POWER (W)
OUTPUT POWER (W)
3
2.0
MAX9710/11 toc14
MAX9710/11 toc13
4
THD+N = 1%
2
THD+N = 10%
1.5
THD+N = 1%
1.0
0.5
1
f = 1kHz
RL = 3Ω
f = 1kHz
RL = 8Ω
f = 1kHz
RL = 4Ω
0
0
0
-15
10
35
60
85
-40
-15
10
35
60
-40
85
-15
10
35
TEMPERATURE (°C)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
OUTPUT POWER vs. LOAD RESISTANCE
(FORCED-AIR COOLING)
POWER DISSIPATION
vs. OUTPUT POWER
POWER DISSIPATION
vs. OUTPUT POWER
THD+N = 1%
2
1
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
RL = 4Ω
f = 1kHz
0
0
1
10
100
LOAD RESISTANCE (Ω)
1000
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
OUTPUT POWER (W)
2.0
2.5
85
MAX9710/11 toc18
1.4
60
0.8
0.7
POWER DISSIPATION (W)
THD+N = 10%
3
MAX9710/11 toc17
4
1.6
POWER DISSIPATION (W)
VDD = 5V
f = 1kHz
MAX9710/11 toc16
TEMPERATURE (°C)
5
2.0
MAX9710/11 toc15
OUTPUT POWER (W)
1
4
0
2.0
OUTPUT POWER (W)
THD+N = 10%
OUTPUT POWER (W)
f = 20Hz
OUTPUT POWER (W)
4
-40
f = 1kHz
0.001
0.001
1.0
f = 10kHz
0.1
f = 20Hz
0.001
0.5
1
0.01
0.01
0
AV = -4V/V
RL = 8Ω
10
f = 10kHz
f = 1kHz
0.01
100
MAX9710/11 toc12
10
THD+N (%)
THD+N (%)
10
AV = -2V/V
RL = 8Ω
THD+N (%)
AV = -4V/V
RL = 4Ω
0.1
100
MAX9710/11 toc10
100
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. OUTPUT POWER
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. OUTPUT POWER
MAX9710/11 toc11
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
vs. OUTPUT POWER
OUTPUT POWER (W)
MAX9710/MAX9711
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
RL = 8Ω
f = 1kHz
0
0
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
OUTPUT POWER (W)
_______________________________________________________________________________________
1.25
1.50
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
POWER-SUPPLY REJECTION RATIO
vs. FREQUENCY
CROSSTALK (dB)
-20
VIN = 200mVP-P
RL = 8Ω
-20
-40
-60
MAX9710/11 toc20
VRIPPLE = 200mVP-P
PSRR (dB)
CROSSTALK vs. FREQUENCY
0
MAX9710/11 toc19
0
-40
-60
RIGHT TO LEFT
-80
-80
-100
-100
-120
LEFT TO RIGHT
10
100
1k
10k
0.01
100k
0.1
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
ENTERING SHUTDOWN
EXITING SHUTDOWN
MAX9710/11 toc21
MAX9710/11 toc22
SHDN
2V/div
SHDN
2V/div
OUT_+ AND
OUT_-
1V/div
OUT_+ AND
OUT_-
1V/div
OUT_+ OUT_-
200mV/div
OUT_+ OUT_-
200mV/div
100ms/div
100ms/div
RL = 8Ω
INPUT AC-COUPLED TO GND
RL = 8Ω
INPUT AC-COUPLED TO GND
EXITING POWER-DOWN
ENTERING POWER-DOWN
MAX9710/11 toc24
MAX9710/11 toc23
VDD
2V/div
VDD
2V/div
OUT_+ AND
OUT_-
1V/div
OUT_+ AND
OUT_-
1V/div
OUT_+ OUT_-
200mV/div
OUT_+ OUT_-
200mV/div
100ms/div
100ms/div
RL = 8Ω
INPUT AC-COUPLED TO GND
RL = 8Ω
INPUT AC-COUPLED TO GND
_______________________________________________________________________________________
5
MAX9710/MAX9711
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = 5V, THD+N measurement bandwidth = 22Hz to 22kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = 5V, THD+N measurement bandwidth = 22Hz to 22kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
12
10
8
TA = -40°C
6
TA = +85°C
8
6
4
TA = -40°C
4
SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
1.0
0.8
SUPPLY CURRENT (μA)
TA = +25°C
TA = +25°C
10
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
TA = +85°C
MAX9710/11 toc26
16
14
12
MAX9710/11 toc25
18
MAX9711
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX9710/11 toc27
MAX9710
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
MAX9710/MAX9711
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
TA = +25°C
TA = +85°C
0.6
0.4
TA = -40°C
0.2
2
2
0
0
4.50
4.75
5.00
5.25
5.50
0
4.50
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
4.75
5.00
5.25
5.50
4.50
4.75
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
5.00
5.25
5.50
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
Pin Description
PIN
6
NAME
FUNCTION
MAX9710
MAX9711
1
—
INL
2
7
BIAS
DC Bias Bypass. See BIAS Capacitor section for capacitor selection.
3, 10, 13, 16
—
N.C.
No Connection. Not internally connected.
4
9
MUTE
5
—
INR
6, 11, 15, 20
1, 3
PGND
7
—
OUTR+
8, 18
5, 11
PVDD
9
—
OUTR-
Left-Channel Input
Active-High Mute Input
Right-Channel Input
Power Ground
Right-Channel Bridged Amplifier Positive Output
Output Amplifier Power Supply
Right-Channel Bridged Amplifier Negative Output
12
8
VDD
14
10
SHDN
Power Supply
Active-Low Shutdown. Connect SHDN to VDD for normal operation.
17
—
OUTL-
Left-Channel Bridged Amplifier Negative Output
19
—
OUTL+
—
2
IN
Left-Channel Bridged Amplifier Positive Output
Amplifier Input
—
6
GND
Ground
—
12
OUT-
Bridged Amplifier Negative Output
—
4
OUT+
Bridged Amplifier Positive Output
—
—
EP
Exposed Pad. Connect to ground plane.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
The MAX9710/MAX9711 are 3W BTL speaker amplifiers. The MAX9710 is a stereo speaker amplifier, while
the MAX9711 is a mono speaker amplifier. Both
devices feature a low-power shutdown mode, MUTE
mode, and comprehensive click-and-pop suppression.
These devices consist of high output-current op amps
configured as BTL amplifiers (see Functional
Diagrams). The device gain is set by RF and RIN.
VOUT(P-P)
+1
2 x VOUT(P-P)
VOUT(P-P)
-1
BIAS
These devices operate from a single 5V supply and
feature an internally generated, power-supply-independent, common-mode bias voltage of 2.5V referenced to
ground. BIAS provides both click-and-pop suppression
and sets the DC bias level for the audio outputs. BIAS
is internally connected to the noninverting input of each
speaker amplifier (see Functional Diagrams). Choose
the value of the bypass capacitor as described in the
BIAS Capacitor section. No external load should be
applied to BIAS. Any load lowers the BIAS voltage,
affecting the overall performance of the device.
Shutdown
The MAX9710/MAX9711 feature a 0.5µA low-power shutdown mode that reduces quiescent current consumption. Pulling SHDN low disables the device’s bias
circuitry, the amplifier outputs are actively pulled low,
and BIAS is driven to GND. Connect SHDN to VDD for
normal operation.
MUTE
Both devices feature a clickless/popless MUTE mode.
When the device is muted, the input disconnects from
the amplifier. MUTE only affects the power amplifiers
and does not shut down the device. Drive MUTE high to
mute the device. Drive MUTE low for normal operation.
Figure 1. Bridge-Tied Load Configuration
Applications Information
BTL Amplifier
The MAX9710/MAX9711 are designed to drive a load
differentially, a configuration referred to as BTL. The
BTL configuration (Figure 1) offers advantages over the
single-ended configuration, where one side of the load
is connected to ground. Driving the load differentially
doubles the output voltage compared to a singleended amplifier under similar conditions. Thus, the differential gain of the device is twice the closed-loop gain
of the input amplifier. The effective gain is given by:
A VD = 2 ×
RF
RIN
Substituting 2 x VOUT(P-P) for VOUT(P-P) into the following equations yields four times the output power due to
doubling of the output voltage:
VRMS =
VOUT(P−P)
2 2
Click-and-Pop Suppression
The MAX9710/MAX9711 feature Maxim’s patented comprehensive click-and-pop suppression. During startup,
the common-mode bias voltage of the amplifiers slowly
ramps to the DC bias point using an S-shaped waveform. When entering shutdown, the amplifier outputs are
actively driven low simultaneously. This scheme minimizes the energy present in the audio band.
For optimum click-and-pop suppression, choose:
RIN x CIN < RBIAS x CBIAS
2
V
POUT = RMS
RL
Since the differential outputs are biased at midsupply,
there is no net DC voltage across the load. This eliminates the need for DC-blocking capacitors required for
single-ended amplifiers. These capacitors can be
large, expensive, consume board space, and degrade
low-frequency performance.
where RBIAS = 50kΩ.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
MAX9710/MAX9711
Detailed Description
MAX9710/MAX9711
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
Power Dissipation and Heat Sinking
Under normal operating conditions, the MAX9710/
MAX9711 dissipate a significant amount of power. The
maximum power dissipation for each package is given
in the Absolute Maximum Ratings section under
Continuous Power Dissipation or can be calculated by
the following equation:
PDISSPKG(MAX ) =
TJ(MAX ) − TA
θJA
where TJ(MAX) is +150°C, TA is the ambient temperature,
and θJA is the reciprocal of the derating factor in °C/W as
specified in the Absolute Maximum Ratings section. For
example, θ JA of the 20-pin thin QFN package is
48.1°C/W.
The increase in power delivered by the BTL configuration directly results in an increase in internal power dissipation over the single-ended configuration. The
maximum power dissipation for a given VDD and load is
given by the following equation:
PDISS(MAX) =
2VDD2
π 2RL
If the power dissipation for a given application exceeds
the maximum allowed for a given package, either reduce
VDD, increase load impedance, decrease the ambient
temperature, or add heat sinking to the device (see
Layout and Grounding section). Large output, supply,
and ground PC board traces improve the maximum
power dissipation in the package.
Thermal-overload protection limits total power dissipation in the MAX9710/MAX9711. When the junction
temperature exceeds +160°C, the thermal protection
circuitry disables the amplifier output stage. The
amplifiers are enabled once the junction temperature
cools by 15°C. A pulsing output under continuous
thermal-overload conditions results as the device heats
and cools.
Component Selection
Gain-Setting Resistors
External feedback components set the gain of both
devices. Resistors RF and RIN (Functional Diagrams)
set the gain of the amplifier as follows:
AVD = 2 ×
8
RF
RIN
Input Filter
The input capacitor (CIN), in conjunction with RIN, forms
a highpass filter that removes the DC bias from an
incoming signal. The AC-coupling capacitor allows the
amplifier to bias the signal to an optimum DC level.
Assuming zero-source impedance, the -3dB point of
the highpass filter is given by:
f −3dB =
1
2πRINCIN
For optimum click-and-pop suppression, choose:
RIN x CIN < RBIAS x CBIAS
where RBIAS = 50kΩ.
Setting f -3dB too high affects the low-frequency
response of the amplifier. Use capacitors with
dielectrics that have low-voltage coefficients, such as
tantalum or aluminum electrolytic. Capacitors with highvoltage coefficients, such as ceramics, may result in an
increase of distortion at low frequencies.
BIAS Capacitor
BIAS is the output of the internally generated 2.5VDC
bias voltage. The BIAS bypass capacitor, C BIAS ,
improves PSRR and THD+N by reducing power supply
and other noise sources at the common-mode bias
node, and also generates the clickless/popless startup
DC bias waveform for the speaker amplifiers. Bypass
BIAS with a 1µF capacitor to GND. Smaller values of
CBIAS produce faster tON/tOFF times but may result in
increased click/pop levels.
Supply Bypassing
Proper power-supply bypassing ensures low-noise,
low-distortion performance. Place a 0.1µF ceramic
capacitor from V DD to PGND. Add additional bulk
capacitance as required by the application. Locate the
bypass capacitor as close to the device as possible.
Piezoelectric Speaker Driver
Low-profile piezoelectric speakers can provide quality
sound for portable electronics. However, piezoelectric
speakers typically require large voltage swings
(>8V P-P ) across the speaker element to produce
audible sound pressure levels. The MAX9711 can be
configured to drive a piezoelectric speaker with up to
10VP-P while operating from a single 5V supply.
Figure 2 shows the THD+N of the MAX9711 driving a
piezoelectric speaker. Note that as frequency increases, the THD+N increases. This is due to the capacitive
nature of the piezoelectric speaker; as frequency
increases, the speaker impedance decreases, resulting
in a larger current draw from the amplifier.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
15kΩ
10
VOUT = 8VP-P
MAX9710/MAX9711
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTI0N PLUS NOISE
vs. FREQUENCY
1μF
AUDIO
INPUT
15kΩ
2
IN
10Ω
OUT+
4
1
THD+N (%)
100μH
*
0.1
0.01
OUT-
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
MAX9711
12
*PIEZOELECTRIC
SPEAKER.
FREQUENCY (Hz)
Figure 2. MAX9711 Piezoelectric Speaker Driver THD+N vs.
Frequency
The capacitive nature of the piezoelectric speaker may
cause the MAX9711 to become unstable. A simple inductor/resistor network in series with the speaker isolates the
speaker capacitance from the driver and ensures that the
device output sees a resistive load of about 10Ω at high
frequency, thereby maintaining stability (Figure 3).
Figure 3. Isolation Network for Driving a Piezoelectric Speaker
5V
PVDD
VDD
Layout and Grounding
Good PC board layout is essential for optimizing performance. Use large traces for the power-supply inputs and
amplifier outputs to minimize losses due to parasitic
trace resistance and route heat away from the device.
Good grounding improves audio performance,
minimizes crosstalk between channels, and prevents any
digital switching noise from coupling into the audio
signal.
The MAX9710/MAX9711 thin QFN package features an
exposed thermal pad on the underside. This pad lowers the thermal resistance of the package by providing
a direct-heat conduction path from the die to the printed circuit board. Connect the exposed pad to the
ground plane using multiple vias, if required. For optimum performance, connect to the ground planes as
shown in Figure 4.
MAX9710
FOR OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE,
AUDIO GND SHOULD HAVE A
STAR CONNECTION TO THE HIGH
CURRENT, AMPLIFIER PGND AT
A SINGLE POINT, PIN 6.
PGND
AUDIO SIGNAL
GND
Figure 4. MAX9710 Audio Ground Connection
_______________________________________________________________________________________
9
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
MAX9710/MAX9711
Functional Diagrams
RF
15kΩ
CIN
0.1μF
LEFT AUDIO
INPUT
RIN
15kΩ
1 INL
OUTL+
19
10kΩ
4.5V TO 5.5V
SUPPLY
10kΩ
12 VDD
PVDD
0.1μF
2,18
2 BIAS
CBIAS
1μF
OUTL- 17
BIAS
6, 11, 15, 20 PGND
OUTR-
9
OUTR+
7
14 SHDN
4 MUTE
10kΩ
10kΩ
CIN
0.1μF
RIGHT AUDIO
INPUT
RIN
15kΩ
5 INR
MAX9710
RF
15kΩ
PIN NUMBERS SHOWN ARE FOR THE 20 TQFN-EP PACKAGE.
10
______________________________________________________________________________________
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
RF
15kΩ
CIN
0.1μF
LEFT AUDIO
INPUT
RIN
15kΩ
2 IN
OUT+
4.5V TO 5.5V
SUPPLY
4
10kΩ
10kΩ
8 VDD
0.1μF
5,11 PVDD
OUT- 12
10 SHDN
9 MUTE
7 BIAS
CBIAS
1μF
MAX9711
BIAS
GND
PGND
6
1, 3
Pin Configurations (continued)
TOP VIEW
PGND
1
IN
2
PGND
3
OUT-
PVDD
SHDN
12
11
10
MAX9711
4
OUT+
5
6
PVDD
GND
9
MUTE
8
VDD
7
BIAS
QFN
______________________________________________________________________________________
11
MAX9710/MAX9711
Functional Diagrams (continued)
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
MAX9710/MAX9711
System Diagram
VDD (5V)
0.1μF
15kΩ
0.1μF 15kΩ
INR
VDD
PVDD
0.1μF
OUTR+
OUTR-
MUTE
AUX_IN
1μF
BIAS
MAX9710
1μF
OUT
SHDN
MAX4060
BIAS
OUTL-
0.1μF 15kΩ
CODEC
OUTL+
INL
15kΩ
2.2kΩ
VCC
0.1μF
IN+
IN-
Q
IN0.1μF
Q
MAX961
VDD/2
100kΩ
IN+
100kΩ
0.1μF
SHDNL
SHDNR
1μF
INL
VCC (3.3V)
MAX4411 OUTL
1μF
OUTR
INR
PVSS
SVSS
VCC
1μF
C1P
CIN
1μF
1μF
Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go
to www.maxim-ic.com/packages.
PACKAGE TYPE
PACKAGE CODE
DOCUMENT NO.
20 TQFN-EP
T2055-4
21-0140
12 TQFN-EP
T1244-4
21-0139
12
Chip Information
MAX9710 TRANSISTOR COUNT: 1172
MAX9711 TRANSISTOR COUNT: 780
PROCESS: BiCMOS
______________________________________________________________________________________
3W Mono/Stereo BTL Audio Power Amplifiers
with Shutdown
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE
0
4/03
Initial release
1
6/08
Removed TSSOP package
DESCRIPTION
PAGES
CHANGED
—
1, 2, 6, 9, 10
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 ____________________ 13
© 2008 Maxim Integrated Products
is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
MAX9710/MAX9711
Revision History
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement