Apogee | AD-16X | User`s guide | Apogee AD-16X User`s guide

16-channel
24 bit, 192 kHz, A/D Converter
User’s Guide
v2.0 - January 2005
16-channel
24 bit, 192 kHz, A/D Converter
User’s Guide
v2.0 - January 2005
AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Warnings
FCC warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference when operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses,
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in
a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to take
whatever measures necessary to correct the interference at his own expense.
Copyright Notice
The Apogee AD-16X is a computer-based device, and as such contains and uses software in ROMs.
This software, and all related documentation, including this User’s Guide contain proprietary information which is protected by copyright laws. All rights are reserved. No part of the software and its related
documentation may be copied, transferred, or modified. You may not modify, adapt, translate, lease,
distribute, resell for profit or create derivative works based on the software and its related documentation or any part thereof without prior written consent from Apogee Electronics Corporation, U.S.A.
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Registration and Warranty Information
Be sure to register your AD-16X, either by filling in the enclosed Registration Card or by completing
the on-line registration form at our Web site: http://www.apogeedigital.com/support/. If you do so,
Apogee can contact you with any update information. As enhancements and upgrades are developed,
you will be contacted at the registration address. Firmware updates are free for the first year of
ownership unless otherwise stated. Please address any inquiries to your dealer or directly to Apogee
at:
APOGEE ELECTRONICS CORPORATION,
3145 Donald Douglas Loop South, Santa Monica, CA 90405, USA.
TEL: (310) 915-1000, FAX: (310) 391-6262
email: support@apogeedigital.com. Web: http://www.apogeedigital.com/
APOGEE ELECTRONICS CORPORATION warrants this product to be free of defects in material and
manufacture under normal use for a period of 12 months. The term of this warranty begins on the
date of sale to the purchaser. Units returned for warranty repair to Apogee or an authorized Apogee
warranty repair facility will be repaired or replaced at the manufacturer’s option, free of charge.
ALL UNITS RETURNED TO APOGEE OR AN AUTHORIZED APOGEE REPAIR FACILITY MUST
BE PREPAID, INSURED AND PROPERLY PACKAGED, PREFERABLY IN THEIR ORIGINAL BOX.
Apogee reserves the right to change or improve design at any time without prior notification. Design
changes are not implemented retroactively, and the incorporation of design changes into future units
does not imply the availability of an upgrade to existing units.
This warranty is void if Apogee determines, in its sole business judgment, the defect to be the result
of abuse, neglect, alteration or attempted repair by unauthorized personnel.
The warranties set forth above are in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied, and Apogee
specifically disclaims any and all implied warranty of merchantability or of fitness for a particular
purpose. The buyer acknowledges and agrees that in no event shall the company be held liable for
any special, indirect, incidental or consequential damages, or for injury, loss or damage sustained by
any person or property, that may result from this product failing to operate correctly at any time.
USA: Some states do not allow for the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or liability for
incidental or consequential damage, so the above exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from state to state.
Service Information
The AD-16X contains no user-serviceable components: refer to qualified service personnel for repair
or upgrade. Your warranty will be voided if you tamper with the internal components. If you have any
questions with regard to the above, please contact Apogee.
In the event your AD-16X needs to be upgraded or repaired, it is necessary to contact Apogee prior
to shipping, and a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) number will be assigned. This number will
serve as a reference for you and helps facilitate and expedite the return process. Apogee requires
that shipments be pre-paid and insured — unless otherwise authorized in advance.
IMPORTANT: ANY SHIPMENT THAT IS NOT PRE-PAID OR IS SENT WITHOUT AN RMA
NUMBER WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED.
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Declarations of Conformity
Declaration of Conformity—FCC
Apogee AD-16X
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits of a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful inteference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
1. Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a different circuit from that to which the receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
NOTE: The use of non-shielded cable with this equipment is prohibited.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer responsible for compliance
could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Apogee Electronics Corporation, 3145 Donald Douglas Loop South, Santa Monica, CA 90405.
Betty Bennett, CEO.
Industry Canada Notice
This Class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matérial brouilleur
du Canada.
Declaration of Conformity – CE
Apogee Electronics Corporation hereby declares that the product, the AD-16X, to which this declaration relates, is
in material conformity with the following standards or other normative documents:
• EN50081-1/EN55022; 1995
• EN50082-1/IEC 801-2, 3, 4; 1992
following the provisions of:
• 73/23/EEC – Low Voltage Directive
• 89/336/EEC – EMC Directive
Declaration of Conformity – Japan
Apogee Electronics Corporation hereby declares that the AD-16X, to which this declaration relates, is in material
conformity with the VCCI Class A standard.
Declaration of Conformity – Australia
Apogee Electronics Corporation hereby declares that the AD-16X is in material conformity with AN/NZS standard
requirements.
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
OWNER’S RECORD
The serial number is located on the rear panel of the unit. We suggest you record the
serial number in the space provided below. Refer to it whenever you call an authorized
Apogee Electronics repair facility or the manufacturer. Please be sure to return your completed warranty card immediately!
AD-16X Serial No._______________________________________________________
Purchase Date__________________________________________________________
Dealer_________________________________________________________________
Phone_________________________________________________________________
Address________________________________________________________________
CAUTION:
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by APOGEE ELECTRONICS
CORPORATION could void your authority to operate this equipment under the FCC rules.
Please register this unit by filling in the included registration card, or registering online at
http://www.apogeedigital.com/support/register.php Please read this manual – if you call for
technical support, we’ll assume that you have. There will be a quiz.
v
User’s Guide
Table of Contents
Introduction ....................................................................................................................2
Signal Flow Diagram ....................................................................................................2
Getting Started Quickly ...............................................................................................3
Installation ..............................................................................................................3
Connecting Power ..................................................................................................3
Reset .....................................................................................................................3
QuickStart ..............................................................................................................3
Signal Flow .............................................................................................................3
Navigating the Front Panel ....................................................................................4-7
Power Switch ..........................................................................................................4
Setup buttons .........................................................................................................4
Primary Parameter Loop ........................................................................................4
CLOCK SOURCE ...................................................................................................5
SAMPLE RATE ......................................................................................................5
WC Ratio ................................................................................................................5
Lock indication ........................................................................................................5
CAL mode indicator ................................................................................................6
UV22HR .................................................................................................................6
SoftLimit .................................................................................................................7
AES format .............................................................................................................7
CLEAR ...................................................................................................................7
Level Meters ...........................................................................................................7
Standard and Advanced Option Routing .........................................................8-10
Overview ................................................................................................................8
Advanced Option Routing Example: Additional Digital I/O .....................................9
Advanced Option Routing Example: Expanded Interface Choices ......................10
Connections on the Rear Panel ..............................................................................11
OUT 1-8 ................................................................................................................11
OUT 9-16 ..............................................................................................................11
OPTION ................................................................................................................11
ADAT – S/MUX .....................................................................................................11
AES IN ..................................................................................................................11
WC IN ...................................................................................................................11
WC OUT................................................................................................................11
WC IN Termination Switch .....................................................................................11
Internal Adjustments.............................................................................................12-13
MIDI Firmware update connector...........................................................................12
Power switch calibration .......................................................................................13
AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Introduction
The AD-16X, Apogee’s latest and most advanced analog to digital converter, takes the legendary quality of
Apogee a significant step forward. Features such as a redesigned power supply, standard 192kHz sampling rates,
the C777 clocking technology found in Big Ben, and optional Pro Tools HD and FireWire expansion cards, make
the AD-16X the most powerful and flexible A-to-D converter ever.
Advanced High-Definition Conversion
With up to 192k standard sample rates, the AD-16X combines Apogee’s legendary conversion quality with
the very latest in high-definition digital to provide unrivaled flexibility and quality.
C777 Clocking used by Big Ben
The AD-16X uses Apogee’s C777 clocking technology. Famous for keeping Big Ben on time, the C777
utilizes an entirely digital process that Apogee has developed with the most advanced Direct Digital
Synthesis (DDS) technology and DSP-based digital filtering. With a stable, crystal based digital PLL
handling the clocking, the AD-16X is able to intelligently manipulate incoming signals and adapt to them
accordingly, resulting in unprecedented jitter attenuation and an astonishing and noticeable difference in
sound quality.
Advanced Option Routing
With version 2 firmware, both digital inputs and analog outputs may be routed in conjunction with an
installed X-Option card. Please see page 7 for details.
Universal Connectivity
With it’s wide array of standard and optional digital outputs, the AD-16X can be connected to virtually any
digital system. The AD-16X includes AES and ADAT Optical digital outputs as standard, while either the
X-HD or X-FireWire cards may be installed for connectivity to Pro Tools HD or any FireWire equipped
computer.
SoftLimit
Soft Limit is an analog peak limiter that instantaneously and gracefully controls transient peaks,
thereby allowing an additional 4-6 dB of headroom. Short of purchasing a very expensive stand-alone
compressor/limiter, there is currently no product on the market that handles this process better than
SoftLimit.
UV22HR
UV22HR is Apogee´s industry standard technology for reducing the word-length of a high-resolution digital
signal to 16 bits. UV22HR is also being employed to produce dramatically improved internet and computer
audio content without increased file sizes or data rates. It is estimated that 8 out of 10 hit records are
mastered using Apogee’s UV22HR technology.
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Getting Started Quickly
3
6
2
USING THIS MANUAL
In this manual, “parameters” are defined as the characteristics of operation, such as
CLOCK SOURCE or AES format, and are capitalized in this manner : CLOCK SOURCE.
“Values” are defined as the choices available for each parameter – for example, the parameter CLOCK SOURCE has
the values INTernal,WC and INPUT Values are italicized in this manner: S/PDIF.
“Settings” are defined as the entire set of parameters and values.
When physical controls such as buttons or switches are referred to in the text,
they are highlighted in this manner: DOWN.
INSTALLATION
Please ensure that the AD-16X is installed in a adequately ventilated location. It is recommended that a 1U
space be left between units if installed in a 19” electronics rack
CONNECTING POWER
The AD-16X accepts an AC input of 100 to 240v AC at a frequency of 50 to 60 Hz. Thus, the unit may be connected to virtually any AC power outlet found worldwide without concern for voltage settings or fuse ratings.
RESET
To reset the AD-16X, power up the unit while pressing the DOWN button. This provides a quick method to return
to factory default settings when exploring the unit’s functionality and capabilities. When reset, the conversion
level is set so a +4 dBu analog input results in a –16 dBFs digital output.
QUICKSTART
Follow these simple steps to get started quickly:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Connect an AC input and the desired analog inputs and digital outputs to the AD-16X’s rear panel.
Reset the AD-16X by powering up the unit while pressing the DOWN button.
Once the AD-16X has booted up, the CLOCK SOURCE will default to INTernal and the SAMPLE RATE
will default to 44.1kHz.
If lock to an external word clock is desired, press the DOWN button until the WC lights .
To change to another sample rate (if CLOCK SOURCE is set to INTernal), press the NEXT button until
the Sample Rate Display flashes, then press either the UP or DOWN buttons to select the desired
sample rate.
In the clock window, verify that the desired sample rate is indicated and the“Lock Exclamation Point” is
lit. If an X-Option card is installed, the AD-16X may be set in an Advanced Option routing configuration;
please see page 9 for details.
Signals present at the analog inputs will now be converted to digital and routed to the corresponding
channels of ALL the digital outputs.
SIGNAL PATH
AES OUT
Analog
Inputs
Cal
Level
Soft
Limit
A to D
Conversion
UV22
OPTICAL OUT
OPTION OUT
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Navigating the Front Panel
2
1
1)
Power Switch - The POWER switch may be configured to operate in the manner best suited to the installation of the unit; for example, if the AD-16X is installed in a rack with a Master power switch, the unit may be
configured to power on when the Master switch is turned on. Please see the section of this manual entitled
“Internal Adjustments” for details.
Note that the POWER switch LED indicates that the AD-16X is receiving a proper AC input, and is in
Standby. The LED goes out when the AD-16X is powered on.
2)
Setup buttons and LED - These buttons are used to modify all settings on the AD-16X. In general, setting
modification is accomplished by :
a) enabling Setup mode by pressing any of the 4 buttons (the Setup LED will light and one parameter
value will flash);
b) using the PREV or NEXT buttons to scroll to the parameter to be modified;
c) using the UP or DOWN buttons to select the desired parameter value.
PRIMARY PARAMETER LOOP
PN
Clock
Source
PN
Sample
PN
Rate
WC
Ratio
PN
CH
1-2
CH
3-4
PN
PN
CH
5-6
PN
Soft
Limit
etc...
CH
15-16
PN
AES
Format
PN
Press and hold
PREV or NEXT
Press and hold
PREV or NEXT
UV22 CHANNEL SELECT MODE
PN
UV22
Global
CAL
PN
Press and hold
PREV or NEXT
PN
SOFT LIMIT CHANNEL SELECT MODE
PN
CH
1
PN
CH
2
PN
CH
3
etc...
CH
16
PN
CHANNEL CAL MODE
PREV
P N NEXT
PN
CH
1
PN
CH
2
PN
CH
3
etc...
CH
16
PN
Figure 1
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Navigating the Front Panel 3
4
6
continued
5
7
After Setup mode is enabled, pressing the PREV or NEXT button will cycle through the AD-16X’s seven
parameters - CLOCK SOURCE, SAMPLE RATE, WC ratio, UV22HR, SOFT LIMIT, AES format and CAL
mode- and then return to the first parameter. Likewise, pressing the UP or DOWN buttons will cycle through
the values available for the selected parameter. Once a value is selected, it immediately becomes active,
regardless if the LED is flashing to indicate that Setup mode has been enabled.
If either the UV22HR, SOFT LIMIT or CAL mode parameters has been selected, pressing and holding either
the PREV or NEXT button will allow the user to enter a corresponding Channel mode; it’s now possible to
cycle through channels 1-16 in order to make settings to individual channels. Please see page 6 for more
details concerning CAL modes. Figure 1 depicts the parameter cycles of the AD-16X.
Parameters 3-7 are displayed in the Clock Window, as indicated at the top of this page.
3)
CLOCK SOURCE – This parameter determines the clock source of the AD-16X, and may be set to INTernal crystal
or WC input.
4)
SAMPLE RATE - When the CLOCK SOURCE is set to INTernal , the Sample Rate display indicates the frequency
of the internally generated clock, and may be set to any standard sample rates from 44.1 to 192 kHz. When the
CLOCK SOURCE is set to WC, the display indicates the sample rate of the AD-16X as a result of locking to the
selected source; the sample rate cannot be set by the user.
5)
WC Ratio – This parameter deterWord Clock I/O Frequency
mines the ratio between the word clock
Input/Output frequency and the unit’s
44.1kHz
48kHz
88.2kHz
96kHz
sample rate. Figure 2 indicates the
WC x1: 44.1kHz
48kHz
88.2kHz
96kHz
resultant AD-16X sample rate given a
WC Ratio
specific WC Frequency Ratio setting
Setting
WC /2: 88.2kHz
96kHz
176.4kHz
192kHz
and word clock input frequency. LikeWC/4: 176.4kHz
192kHz
wise, the word clock output frequency
may be determined given a specific
Resultant AD-16X Sample Rate
WC Ratio setting and AD-16X sample
rate. This parameter should be used
Figure 2
to adjust the AD-16X word clock I/O to
accommodate the requirements of specific digital systems. For example, to configure the AD-16X to lock to a
48kHz word clock input and run at a sample rate of 192kHz, set WC Ratio to WC fs/4.
6)
176.4kHz
192kHz
176.4kHz
192kHz
Lock indication – These LEDs indicate the Lock status of the AD-16X’s C777 clock. Two levels of lock precision are displayed, Wide and Narrow. When the Narrow LED and “Lock Exclamation Point” are lit, the AD-16X
has locked to the selected CLOCK SOURCE in such a way to ensure the highest quality A-to-D conversion. If
the Wide LED or only the upper section of the Lock Exclamation Point lights, the stability of the clock source is
questionable, and should be verified.
Thanks to SureLock, Apogee’s intelligent clock continuity algorithm, the AD-16X will output a stable clock signal
even if the selected CLOCK SOURCE is interrupted. When SureLock is engaged, the arrow section of the Lock
exclamation point flashes to indicate a loss of the clock source, while the Narrow LED and blue point light solidly to
indicate a stable clock output.
5
“Lock
Exclamation
Point”
AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Navigating the Front Panel -
continued
8
7
7)
CAL mode indicator – This LED indicates that either Global or Channel CALibration mode is enabled, and that the
analog to digital conversion level may be calibrated. Global CAL allows the calibration of all 16 channels simultaneously, while Channel CAL allows calibration of individual channels. Global CAL mode is enabled by scrolling through
the 7 front panel parameters until the CAL LED flashes; “global Cal” will scroll across the Sample Rate display,
followed by the digital output level of channel 1. Once enabled, all 16 analog input levels may be adjusted simultaineously by one of three operations:
• Press and Hold UP to raise the analog input level and DOWN to lower the level.
• Press and release UP or DOWN to modify the analog inputs +-.01 dB;
• Quickly tap UP or DOWN twice (think of a double mouse click) to modify the analog inputs +- 1.0 dB.
This double press function may be used to quickly jump from a “house” reference level to another
reference level in precise 1 dB steps.
Channel CAL mode is enabled by scrolling through the 7 front panel parameters until the CAL LED flashes,
then pressing and holding either the PREV or NEXT buttons until “ch 1” scrolls across the Sample Rate display.
Keeping in mind that Setup mode is always enabled while in Channel CAL mode, channel 1’s analog output may
be modified by the same operations described on the previous page. To adjust channels 2-16, press either the
PREV or NEXT button until the LED corresponding to the channel to be modified is lit.
Saving calibration
settings
To exit Channel CAL mode, press and hold either PREV or NEXT again. Keep in mind that values entered while
in either Global or Channel calibration mode won’t be saved in non-volatile memory until Channel CAL mode is
exited and the Setup mode LED goes out.
When either Global or Channel CAL modes are enabled, the Sample Rate Display operates as a digital level meter with a range of -24 to 0 dBFs; if the level is below -24dBFs (or there is no analog input present), the Display
will read “----”. In Global CAL mode the level of Channel 1 is indicated; when in Channel CAL mode the level of
the selected channel is indicated.
Individual channel level changes made in Channel Cal mode are preserved when modifying all channel levels in Global Cal mode.
To quickly calibrate the AD-16X, reset the unit (by pressing DOWN while powering on) and connect a 1 kHz tone
at the desired analog reference level (usually +4 dBu) to channel 1. Enable Global CAL and press UP or DOWN
to modify the level indicated by the Sample Rate Display to the desired digital reference (usually between -20
to -12 dBFs). Keep in mind that digital levels are expressed as a minus reading below 0 dBFs; thus a change from -16
dBFs to -14 dBFs is an increase of the coversion level.This procedure calibrates ALL channels to approximately the
same conversion level.
To refine the calibration of each channel, press and hold either PREV or NEXT to enter Channel CAL mode,
connect a 1kHz tone to the channel to be modified, select that channel using PREV or NEXT (the selection is
indicated by the red flashing LED) and press UP or DOWN to attain the desired digital level.
8)
UV22HR – This LED indicates the status of UV22HR processing, which reduces bit resolution from 24 to 16
bits when applied to the converted digital signal . When the UV22HR LED is illuminated, UV22HR processing is engaged on channel pairs selected in UV22HR Channel Select Mode. To enable this mode, press
and hold either PREV or NEXT (while the UV22HR LED is flashing). To select channel pairs, press PREV
or NEXT until the red OVER LEDs of the desired pair are lit, and press UP or DOWN to select the pair, as
indicated by the illumination of the corresponding green LEDs. UV22HR may only be engaged when the
SAMPLE RATE is set to 44.1 or 48kHz
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Navigating the Front Panel -
continued
12
9
10
9)
11
SOFT LIMIT - This LED indicates the status of Soft Limit, Apogee’s analog transient peak reduction circuitry.
When the Soft LIMIT LED is illuminated, SOFT LIMIT is engaged on channels selected in SOFT LIMIT Channel Select Mode. To enable this mode, press and hold either PREV or NEXT (while the SOFT LIMIT LED is
flashing). To select channels, press PREV or NEXT until the red OVER LED of the desired channel is lit, and
press UP or DOWN to select the channel, as indicated by the illumination of the corresponding green LED.
Soft Limit is an analog process that instantaneously rounds transient peaks; for all intents and purposes
attack and release times may be considered as instantaneous. As with any peak reduction device working
at such fast time constants, Soft Limit is most effective with signals whose peak information is much greater
than its average (or RMS) information, such as drums, percussion and plucked instruments. Soft Limit may
not be the appropriate choice for limiting signals whose crest factor (peak to RMS ratio) is low, such as bass
or organ.
10) AES format - The format of the AES inputs may be set to SINGLE or DOUBLE wire, to accommodate the
AES format of connected devices. If the CLOCK SOURCE is either INTernal or WC and the sample rate is
44.1- 48kHz, only the SINGLE value is available; in all other cases both values may be selected.
11) CLEAR – Pressing this button clears OVERs (displayed by the red LEDs). Pressing and holding this button
toggles the AD-16X between two OVER LED Hold modes - One Second Clear and Autoclear.
One Second Clear (CLEAR LED off) - OVERs are held for one second and then automatically cleared. If
you’re really impatient, you can clear them manually.
Autoclear - (CLEAR LED on) - Autoclear acts like an alert assistant, clearing OVERs between takes. When
an OVER occurs, it is held until 1) the level on the corresponding channel drops below -50 dBFs for at least
5 seconds and 2) a new signal over -50 dBFs is input. Now, OVERs will be held throughout the duration of a
take, and cleared when the next take begins.
12) Level Meters – Much more than mere signal presence indicators, these green LEDs display digital output
level from –36 to 0 dBFs according to their brightness.
OVER Indicators - The red LEDs indicate that 3 consecutive overs have occurred in the conversion process.
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Standard and Advanced Option Routing
When an X-Option card is installed, the AD-16X may be set to one of two output configurations, Standard Routing and Advanced Option Routing.
When Standard routing is enabled, only one signal path is present – analog inputs routed simultaneously to all
digital outputs. When Advanced Option routing is enabled, two signal paths are present – 1) analog input to XOption card outputs; 2) X-Option card inputs simultaneously to ADAT and AES outputs.
AD-16X: Standard Routing
AES
Optical
AD-16X
Analog In
Cal
Level
Soft
Limit
A to D
& Meters
AES
Device
Optical
Device
UV22
Option In
X-FireWire
or
X-HD
option card
Computer
Option Out
AD-16X: Advanced Option Routing
AES
Optical
AD-16X
Analog In
Cal
Level
Soft
Limit
A to D
& Meters
AES
Device
Optical
Device
UV22
Option In
X-FireWire
or
X-HD
option card
Computer
Option Out
Please see pages 9 & 10 for Advanced Option Routing examples
Switching the AD-16X between Routing modes may only be accomplished when powering on the unit.
To toggle between Standard and Advanced Option routing modes, press and hold the UP button while powering
on the unit; when Standard routing is enabled, “Apogee AD-16X” scrolls across the Sample Rate Display; when
Advanced Option routing is enabled, “Apogee AD-16X 2.0” scrolls across the Sample Rate Display
IMPORTANT NOTES CONCERNING ADVANDED OPTION ROUTING MODE
Advanced Option routing will modify the manner in which an X-HD equipped AD-16X is detected in Pro Tools,
reflecting the additional available outputs. Please see the X-HD manual for details.
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AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Analog Out
Standard and Advanced Option Routing -
Advanced Option Routing –
Additional Digital I/O
D to A
& Meters
With Advanced Option routing, the AD and DA-16X offers additional digital I/O to Digidesign HD or Firewire-based audio systems. As depicted
in the routing diagram at left, when an X-HD card is installed in both
an AD and DA-16X, it becomes possible to route the DA-16X’s AES or
ADAT inputs to a Pro Tools session while routing the AD-16X’s AES and
ADAT outputs from the session. The AD-16X functions as a Digidesign
192 with 16 analog inputs and 16 digital outputs while the DA-16X functions as a 192 with 16 digital inputs and 16 analog outputs. Of course,
the same functionality is possible with X-Firewire cards and a Firewirebased audio system.
Computer
X-HD
option
withcard
Pro Tools
HD
Option In
Option Out
Optical
A to D
& Meters
Soft
Limit
Analog In
Cal
Level
AD-16X
UV22
X-HD
option card
Option Out
Option In
Optical
Device
Optical
AES
Device
X-HD
option card
(input select)
DA-16X
Cal
Level
DA-16X: Advanced Option Routing
AES
AES
AD-16X: Advanced Option Routing
continued
9
AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Analog Out
Standard and Advanced Option Routing -
Advanced Option Routing –
Expanded Interface Choices
Cal
Level
DA-16X
D to A
& Meters
When an X-Option card is installed in an AD-16X, Advanced Option
routing offers the possibility to connect a second interface using the
AD-16X’s digital I/O. As depicted in the routing diagram at right, the
AD-16X’s analog inputs are routed to the Firewire audio device while
the AD-16X’s digital outputs are routed from the Firewire device. These
digital outputs may be connected to a DA-16X or a MiniDAC to provide
analog output. In short, only one X-Option card is needed to connect an
AD-16X and a D-to-A.
with
FireWire
400/800
Computer
A to D
& Meters
Soft
Limit
Analog In
Cal
Level
AD-16X
UV22
X-FireWire
option card
Option Out
Option In
Optical
Device
Optical
AES
Device
Optical
(input select)
DA-16X: Standard Routing
AES
AES
AD-16X: Advanced Option Routing
continued
10
AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Connections on the Rear Panel
3
1
2
5
4
1) IN 1-8 - This DB-25 connection accepts analog
inputs 1-8; analog inputs are balanced line level
signals at a nominal level adjustable between
+4 dBu = -22 dBFs and -10 dBV = -10 dBFs.
Apogee’s AD8-IFC breakout cables can connect
here to provide 8 XLR female connecters. (pinout
Figure 3).
7
6
8
9
Pinout Diagram for Analog IN 1-8 and 9-16
2) IN 9-16 - This DB-25 connection accepts analog
inputs 9-16. Apogee’s AD8-IFC breakout cables
can connect here to provide 8 XLR female connecters. (pinout Figure 3).
Figure 3
3) OPTION - This slot is reserved for Apogee’s X-Series Option cards, which provide additional digital
output formats, such as FireWire or Digidesign
HD.
Rear Panel Optical Connectors
4) ADAT – S/MUX These Toslink connections provide ADAT or S/MUX format optical outputs; the
format employed is based on the AD-16X sample
rate as indicated in Figure 4: also indicated are
the connections used for each format.
Optical
Format
1
2
3
4
44.1-48k
ADAT:
1-8
9-16
1-8
9-16
88.2-96k
S/MUX 2:
1-4
5-8
9-12
13-16
176.4-192k
S/MUX 4:
1-2
3-4
5-6
7-8
Figure 4
5) AES OUT – This DB-25 connector provides 16
channels of AES-EBU Single wire output and 8
channels of Double wire output (pinout Figure 5).
Apogee’s AES16-OP-IFC breakout cable can connect here to provide 8 XLR male connectors.
Pinout Diagram for AES OUT 1-16
6) WC IN - This BNC connection accepts a TTL
Logic clock signal. Termination of the word clock
input may be engaged with an internal switch;
please see “Internal Adjustments”.
7) WC OUT - This BNC connection provides a TTL
Logic clock signal output.
Figure 5
8) WC IN Termination Switch - When this switch is
pressed IN, a 75 ohm load is engaged across the
word clock input; when the switch is OUT, the word
clock input is unterminated (Figure 6).
WORD CLOCK IN, Termination Switch
Terminated switch position
9) AC - This IES connection accepts an AC input of
100 to 240 VAC at a frequency of 50 to 60 Hz.
Unterminated switch position
Figure 6
11
AD-16X – User’s Guide
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
Internal Adjustments
MIDI FIRMWARE UPDATE CONNECTOR
To allow the greatest flexibility in the field, Apogee now employs a firmware update method using
stardard Midi protocol. You’ll need the following items to update the firmware of your Apogee
device:
•
•
•
•
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
ApogeeUpdater program, available from Apogee’s website
New firmware file, also available from our website
Macintosh OSX 10.2 or higher or Windows XP computer
USB Midi interface, compatible with OS used. Please note that Midi interfaces with
proprietary latency-reducing modes do not properly transmit System Exclusive
data such as this firmware update. Ensure that such modes are turned off before
attempting to update firmware. USB Midi Interfaces such as the Edirol PC-300,
where proprietary modes may not be turned off, are not compatible with this firmware
update method.
To determine the version of firmware installed in the AD-16X, press the PREV button while
powering on the unit.
Install both the ApogeeUpdater and the new
firmware file onto a computer equipped with a
USB Midi Interface. It’s assumed that all drivers
MIDI updater
necessary for the proper test and operation of the
Midi Interface have been installed.
Connect the AD-16X’s Midi Update Connector to
an output of the Midi Interface.
On the AD-16X, simultaneously press the PREV
and NEXT buttons while powering up the Apogee
device; once the device has booted, release
the PREV and NEXT buttons. When the signal
level LEDs begin to “dance”, the unit is ready to
receive data.
Open the ApogeeUpdater application, and click on OPEN FILE. In the Navigation window
which appears, navigate to the new firmware file, select it, and click on OPEN.
Click on DOWNLOAD TO UNIT.
The complete update process takes 8 minutes; after about 1 minute, data transfer should
begin and the percentage completed displayed on the ApogeeUpdater panel should
correspond to the percentage displayed on the AD-16X front panel.
Once the download has reached 100%, wait for the unit to re-boot and the front panel to
return to a normal operating state.
Before proceeding, reset the unit by pressing DOWN while powering up the unit.
12
AD-16X – User’s Guide
Internal Adjustments -
APOGEE ELECTRONICS
continued
POWER SWITCH SETTINGS
JUMPER P13
(as seen from front)
DESCRIPTION
When AC power is applied to the input, the unit does not
power up immediately; to power on the unit,the POWER
button must be pressed.
When AC power is applied to the input, AD-16X powers on
immediately; nevertheless, the POWER switch is functional.
P13 Jumper
13
Features and Specifications
• 16 channels of premium 24-bit AD conversion
• Sample rates up to 192k
• 16 channels of AES, ADAT/SMUX Output
• Word Clock I/O
• Optional HD card for direct connection to ProTools HD
• Optional S800 FireWire card capable of sample rates up to 192k, compatible with
OS X/Widows XP and all popular DAW’s
• All option cards (X-FireWire and X-HD) facilitate connection of multiple units
• “Soft Limit” for maximum digital level without overs
(can be applied to a single channel or all channels)
• “UV22HR” for superior dither of high resolution audio to 16-bit
(can be applied to a channel pair or all channels)
• Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS) using Big Ben’s C777 Clock Technology up to 192kHz
• Adaptive Loop Filtering (ALF) for optimum clock performance and minimum jitter
• Support for AES double wire and SMUX formats
• Post A/D conversion level monitoring
• Intuitive front panel calibration
• Word Clock termination switch
INPUTS
• Analog in 1-8 Balanced, DSUB 25pin connector
• Analog in 9-16 Balanced, DSUB 25pin connector
• WC in: BNC 75 ohm with switchable termination
OUTPUTS
• AES-EBU out x 8, transformer balanced, DSUB 25pin
connector (192k single wide compatible)
• Optical: toslink x 4, supporting ADAT and
SMUX protocol
• WC out: BNC 75 ohm
SPECS:
• Sample rates internal: 44.1/48/88.2/96/176.4/192k
• Sample rates external: 44.1/48/88.2/96/176.4/192k +/- 10%
• Frequency response at 44.1 k : 5 - 20.000 Hz (+/- .2 dB)
• Analog levels: 6 to 24dBu max through digital gain
adjustment. (Compatible with -10dBV levels)
• THD+N: -110 dB
• Dynamic range: 120 dB A weighted
• Power: 100 -240 VAC, 50 - 60 Hz, 65 Watt
OPTION SLOT
• One x-type card can be installed, for Firewire,
HD and or other future format connectivity
Due to on-going development Apogee reserves the right to change all information and specifications without notice.
AD-16X USER’S GUIDE - v2.0 - January 2005
Text conceived and delivered by: Roger Robindore
Graphics and illustration by: Sean McArthur
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