Fire Extinguishers 101
B E VE R LY H I L L S F I R E D E PA RT M E NT P R E S E NT S :
EXTINGUISHER 101
Fire Extinguisher Facts:
Each year, about 440 people in the
U.S. have died trying to fight a fire
with a fire extinguisher instead of
getting out safely and calling the
fire department. The reasons this
happens, according to the National
Fire Protection Association, are –
 They do not know how to
properly use a fire extinguisher.
Most people can not learn how to
use a fire extinguisher by simply
reading directions. Using a fire
extinguisher properly requires
training from professionals. It is
even more difficult to read
directions for the first time during
an emergency.
 Not all fire extinguishers will
work on all fires. Fire extinguishers
are made for very small fires that
can be put out quickly.
 People try to fight fires for too
long and are overcome by
poisonous gases produced by the
fire.
 The fire is bigger than the
extinguisher they tried to use was
designed for.
Before deciding to fight a fire, be certain that:
 The Fire Department has been notified (Call 911)
 You know how to use your fire extinguisher.
 The fire is small and not spreading. Every minute the fire doubles in size, it
is important that you know where your nearest extinguisher is located.
 You have the proper fire extinguisher for what is burning.
 Know where your nearest exit is, & always stand with an exit at your back.
 Stand 6-10 feet away from the fire, moving closer once the fire starts to
diminish.
 Be sure to watch the area for a few minutes to ensure it doesn't re-ignite.
 Know that your fire extinguisher works. Inspect extinguishers once a
month. On extinguishers equipped with a gauge, the needle should be in
the green zone - not too high and not too low.
Never Fight A Fire If:
 The fire is spreading rapidly. Only use a fire extinguisher when the fire
is in its early stages. If the fire is already spreading quickly, evacuate and
call the fire department.
 You don't know what is burning. Unless you know what is burning,
you won't know what type of fire extinguisher to use. Even if you have an
ABC extinguisher, there could be something that will explode or produce
highly toxic smoke.
 You don't have the proper fire extinguisher. The wrong type of
extinguisher can be dangerous or life-threatening.
 There is too much smoke or you are at risk of inhaling smoke.
Seven out of ten fire-related deaths occur from breathing poisonous gases
produced by the fire.
 If you feel hesitant or uncomfortable , GET OUT!
Remember the Classifications of Fires and Best Extinguisher for Each Fire
Remember P.A.S.S.
P - Pull
Class A– (Ordinary Combustible Fires) such as paper, wood, fabrics, etc.
(Best Extinguisher: Water or Dry Chemical)
Class B– (Flammable Liquid Fires) such as oils, gasoline, thinners, etc.
A - Aim
(Best Extinguisher: Dry Chemical or Foam)
S - Squeeze
Class C- (Electrical Fires) such as powered computers, microwaves, etc.
S - Sweep
(Best Extinguisher: Dry Chemical or CO2)
Class D- (Combustible Metal Fires) such as magnesium, titanium, etc.
(Best Extinguisher: Sodium Chloride based and Dry Chemical Mixture Powder)
Class K- (Grease Fires) such as fryer, kitchen fires which involve grease.
(Best Extinguisher: Wet Chemical)
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