Athena C.5 Installation manual

Athena C.5 Installation manual
SERIES C
1ZC 16C 18C 19C 25C
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TEMPERATURE / PROCESS CONTROLLER
Configuration and Operation Manual
Athena is a registered trademark and Multi-Comm is a trademark of Athena Controls, Inc.
Platinel is a trademark of Engelhard Minerals & Chemical Corporation.
MODBUS is a registered trademark of AEG Schneider Automation, Inc.
 2001. Athena Controls, Inc. All rights reserved.
Precautions
Warning
Remove power from the 1ZC controller before removing the terminal strip
from the controller.
Remove power from the 1ZC controller before removing the bezel and
circuit board assembly from the case.
Do not power up the 1ZC controller while the bezel and circuit board
assembly is out of the case.
Remove power from a controller before cleaning the exterior of the
controller.
Failure to observe these precautions can result in exposure to a potentially
lethal shock hazard.
All wiring should be done by an experienced technician and be installed in
accordance with national and local electrical codes. To avoid serious
personal injury and damage to equipment, follow all warnings and cautions
provided in the controller installation manuals.
Caution
If a controller shows signs of having been damaged during shipping, do not
power up or install the controller. Save all packing materials and report any
damage to the carrier immediately.
When the controller is powered up, the outputs may be activated. Consider
the effects on your process before powering up the controller.
We recommend placing the controller in standby mode until you have
configured the controller for your application.
Ø For instructions for putting a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller in standby
mode using the controller front panel, see 2.4.3 in this manual.
Ø For instructions for putting a 1ZC controller in standby mode using a
personal computer, see the manual supplied with the host software.
I
II
Table of Contents
1. Introduction.............................................................................................. 1-1
1.1
About this Manual.......................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1
What It Contains ..................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.2
What to Read ......................................................................................... 1-2
1.2
Features and Benefits of Series C Controllers................................................ 1-2
1.2.1
PID and On/Off Control........................................................................... 1-2
1.2.2
Convenient User Interface ...................................................................... 1-2
1.2.3
Alarm Annunciation................................................................................. 1-3
1.2.4
Ease of Configuration ............................................................................. 1-3
1.2.5
Ramp/Soak Recipes ............................................................................... 1-3
1.2.6
Serial Communications ........................................................................... 1-4
1.3
Modes of Operation ....................................................................................... 1-5
1.3.1
Control Modes ........................................................................................ 1-5
1.3.2
Configuration .......................................................................................... 1-6
1.4
Security ......................................................................................................... 1-7
1.5
Control Types Supported ............................................................................... 1-8
1.5.1
Overview ................................................................................................ 1-8
1.5.2
PID Control............................................................................................. 1-8
1.5.3
On/Off Control ........................................................................................ 1-9
1.5.3.1 Use of Hysteresis................................................................................ 1-9
1.5.3.2 Use of Deadband .............................................................................. 1-10
1.6
Setpoint....................................................................................................... 1-11
1.6.1
Introduction........................................................................................... 1-11
1.6.2
Setpoint from a Recipe ......................................................................... 1-11
1.6.3
Setpoint from a Host Computer............................................................. 1-11
1.6.4
Second Setpoint ................................................................................... 1-12
1.6.5
Remote Analog Setpoint ....................................................................... 1-12
1.6.6
What Determines Which is the Active Setpoint...................................... 1-12
1.7
Alarm Annunciation ..................................................................................... 1-13
1.7.1
Using LEDs .......................................................................................... 1-13
1.7.2
Using an Output to Trigger an External Device...................................... 1-14
1.7.2.1 Introduction ....................................................................................... 1-14
1.7.2.2 Using Alarm Outputs ......................................................................... 1-14
1.7.2.3 Using One or Two Standard Outputs ................................................. 1-14
1.8
Configuration Sequence Matters.................................................................. 1-16
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1.9
What Happens When You Power Up the Controller ..................................... 1-17
1.9.1
Outputs................................................................................................. 1-17
1.9.2
Display ................................................................................................. 1-17
1.9.3
Setpoint ................................................................................................ 1-17
1.10 Configuration and Startup Activities ............................................................. 1-18
2. User Interface .......................................................................................... 2-1
2.1
Overview ....................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2
Display .......................................................................................................... 2-2
2.2.1
When in a Control Mode ......................................................................... 2-2
2.2.2
During Configuration............................................................................... 2-4
2.2.2.1 Introduction ......................................................................................... 2-4
2.2.2.2 Menus Available.................................................................................. 2-4
2.3
LEDs ............................................................................................................. 2-6
2.3.1
On 16C, 18C, 25C Controllers ................................................................ 2-6
2.3.2
On 1ZC Controller .................................................................................. 2-7
2.4
Using the Keypad .......................................................................................... 2-8
2.4.1
Key Functions......................................................................................... 2-8
2.4.2
Displaying and Changing the Setpoint................................................... 2-10
2.4.3
Putting Controller in Standby Mode....................................................... 2-10
2.4.4
Returning Controller to Normal Operation ............................................. 2-11
2.4.5
Putting Controller into Manual Mode and Changing the Output Values.. 2-11
2.4.6
Starting, Pausing, and Terminating Recipe Execution ........................... 2-13
2.4.7
Clearing Latched Alarms....................................................................... 2-15
2.4.8
Working in Configuration Mode ............................................................. 2-16
2.4.8.1 Entering and Exiting Configuration Mode........................................... 2-16
2.4.8.2 Procedure for Viewing and Changing a Configuration
Parameter Value ............................................................................... 2-16
2.4.8.3 Configuration Example ...................................................................... 2-17
3. Configuring the Controller – Quick Setup Instructions
for PID Control........................................................................................ 3-1
3.1
3.2
Introduction ................................................................................................... 3-1
Quick Instructions.......................................................................................... 3-2
4. General Information About Configuration Parameters ......................... 4-1
4.1
Information in This Section ............................................................................ 4-1
4.2
How to Use Sections 5 through 14................................................................. 4-2
4.3
Information Provided About Each Parameter ................................................. 4-3
4.3.1
Summary................................................................................................ 4-3
4.3.2
Effect of Linear Input on Numerical Ranges ............................................ 4-3
4.4
Menu and Parameter Display Sequence ........................................................ 4-5
4.5
Using Factory Defaults .................................................................................. 4-8
4.6
Parameter Identifiers Used by Multi-Comm Software ..................................... 4-9
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5. Input Parameters – Required.................................................................. 5-1
5.1
Introduction ................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2
Calibration Must Be Appropriate for Input Type.............................................. 5-1
5.3
Input Jumper Settings Must Match Input Type ............................................... 5-2
5.4
Input Menu Parameter List............................................................................. 5-4
5.5
Specifying the Input Type .............................................................................. 5-6
5.5.1
Parameter Used ..................................................................................... 5-6
5.5.2
Procedure for Viewing the Currently Selected Input Type........................ 5-8
5.5.3
Procedure for Changing the Input Selection ............................................ 5-8
5.6
Configuring Input Parameters for RTD and Thermocouple Input Types .......... 5-9
5.6.1
Applying a Bias to the Temperature Input................................................ 5-9
5.6.2
Specifying the Setpoint Range When a Temperature Input is Used ....... 5-10
5.6.3
Applying an Input Filter When a Temperature Input is Used .................. 5-10
5.7
Configuring Input Parameters for Linear Inputs ............................................ 5-12
5.7.1
Applying a Bias to the Linear Input........................................................ 5-12
5.7.2
Scaling the Linear Input ........................................................................ 5-13
5.7.3
Specifying the Setpoint Range When a Linear Input Is Used ................. 5-14
5.7.4
Applying an Input Filter When a Linear Input is Used ............................ 5-14
6. Display Parameters – Required .............................................................. 6-1
6.1
Introduction ................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2
Configuring Display Parameters for RTD and Thermocouple Input Types ...... 6-3
6.2.1
Choosing the Decimal Position When a Temperature Input Is Used ........ 6-3
6.2.2
Specifying the Display Filter When a Temperature Input Is Used............. 6-3
6.2.3
Choosing the Unit of Measure When a Temperature Input Is Used.......... 6-4
6.2.4
Blanking the Display of the Setpoint When a Temperature
Input Is Used........................................................................................... 6-4
6.3
Configuring Display Parameters for Linear Input Types.................................. 6-5
6.3.1
Choosing the Decimal Position When a Linear Input Is Used................... 6-5
6.3.2
Specifying the Display Filter When a Linear Input Is Used ....................... 6-5
6.3.3
Blanking the Display of the Setpoint When a Linear Input Is Used ........... 6-6
7. Output Parameters – Required ............................................................... 7-1
7.1
Introduction ................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2
Specifying the Output Type............................................................................ 7-3
7.3
Choosing the Output Action for On/Off Control............................................... 7-4
7.4
Configuring Output Parameters for PID Control ............................................. 7-5
7.4.1
Choosing the Output Action for PID Control ............................................ 7-5
7.4.2
Specifying the Cycle Time for PID Control............................................... 7-6
7.4.3
Specify the PID Output Range ................................................................ 7-7
7.5
Configuring Output Parameters for Alarm Annunciation – 1ZC and 16C Only. 7-9
7.5.1
Choosing the Alarm Action...................................................................... 7-9
7.5.2
Choosing the Alarm Operation .............................................................. 7-10
7.5.3
Specifying the Alarm Delay – Optional .................................................. 7-11
7.5.4
Inhibiting the Alarm– Optional ............................................................... 7-11
7.5.5
Specifying the Alarm Value (Setpoint) ................................................... 7-12
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8. Control Parameters – Required If Outputs Are Used for Control......... 8-1
8.1
Introduction ................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2
Configuring Control Parameters for On/Off Control ........................................ 8-3
8.2.1
Introduction............................................................................................. 8-3
8.2.2
Specifying the Deadband for On/Off Control ........................................... 8-3
8.2.3
Applying Hysteresis to On/Off Control ..................................................... 8-4
8.3
Configuring Control Parameters for PID Control............................................. 8-5
8.3.1
Introduction............................................................................................. 8-5
8.3.2
Specifying the Proportional Band for Manual Tuning of PID Control ........ 8-5
8.3.3
Specifying the Derivative (Rate) Action for Manual Tuning
of PID Control ........................................................................................ 8-6
8.3.4
Specifying the Offset (Manual Reset) for Manual Tuning of PID
Control................................................................................................... 8-6
8.3.5
Integral Action (Automatic Reset) Calculated Automatically
During Autotune for PID Control ............................................................. 8-7
9. Alarm Parameters – Optional.................................................................. 9-1
9.1
Introduction ................................................................................................... 9-1
9.2
Configuring Alarm Parameters....................................................................... 9-3
9.2.1
Choosing the Alarm Action...................................................................... 9-3
9.2.2
Choosing the Alarm Operation ................................................................ 9-4
9.2.3
Specifying the Alarm Delay – Optional .................................................... 9-5
9.2.4
Inhibiting the Alarm– Optional ................................................................. 9-5
9.2.5
Specifying the Alarm Value (Setpoint) ..................................................... 9-6
10.
10.1
10.2
11.
Autotune Damping Parameter – Recommended.............................. 10-1
Introduction ................................................................................................. 10-1
Configuring the Autotune Damping Parameter ............................................. 10-1
Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters – Optional....................................... 11-1
11.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 11-1
11.2 Specifying the Recipe Option....................................................................... 11-4
11.3 Configuring Single-Setpoint Ramp Parameters ............................................ 11-5
11.3.1 Specifying the Ramp Time for a Single-Setpoint Ramp ......................... 11-5
11.3.2 Specifying the Optional Recipe Holdback for a Single Setpoint Ramp ... 11-5
11.3.3 Specifying What Happens at the Conclusion of the Single-Setpoint
Ramp Time .......................................................................................... 11-6
11.4 Configuring Multi-Step Ramp/Soak Parameters ........................................... 11-7
11.4.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 11-7
11.4.2 Parameters That Apply to the Entire Multi-Step Ramp/Soak Recipe ...... 11-9
11.4.2.1 Specifying the Optional Recipe Holdback....................................... 11-9
11.4.2.2 Specifying What Happens at the Conclusion of the
Multi-Step Recipe Execution .......................................................... 11-9
11.4.2.3 Specifying the Number of Additional Times the
Multi-Step Recipe Will Repeat Once Started ................................ 11-10
11.4.2.4 Specifying What Will Happen to the Multi-Step Recipe
After a Power Failure ................................................................... 11-10
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11.4.3 Configuring Individual Recipe Segments............................................. 11-11
11.4.3.1 Specifying the Ramp Time for Each Step of a Multi-Step Recipe.. 11-11
11.4.3.2 Linking a Ramp Period to an Alarm .............................................. 11-11
11.4.3.3 Specifying the Setpoint for Each Soak in a Multi-Step Recipe....... 11-12
11.4.3.4 Specifying the Length of Each Soak in a Multi-Step Recipe.......... 11-12
11.4.3.5 Linking a Soak Period to an Alarm ............................................... 11-13
12.
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
13.
13.1
13.2
13.3
14.
Supervisor Parameters – Recommended......................................... 12-1
Introduction ................................................................................................. 12-1
Specifying What Happens When an Input Is Bad ......................................... 12-2
Defining the Loop Break Time...................................................................... 12-2
Viewing the Highest and Lowest Process Value Received Since Last Reset 12-3
Resetting All Parameters to the Defaults...................................................... 12-3
Calibration Function – Not Required for Configuration................... 13-1
Introduction ................................................................................................. 13-1
Calibration Is Not Usually Required ............................................................. 13-1
Menu Items ................................................................................................. 13-2
Option Parameters – Required if Using Options .............................. 14-1
14.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 14-1
14.2 Options Supported....................................................................................... 14-1
14.3 Summary of Option Parameters................................................................... 14-3
14.4 Specifying the Option Card .......................................................................... 14-5
14.5 Configuring Serial Communications Parameters for MODBUS ..................... 14-6
14.5.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 14-6
14.5.2 Assigning a Unique Controller Address When MODBUS is Used .......... 14-6
14.5.3 Selecting the Baud Rate Applicable to MODBUS Communications ....... 14-6
14.5.4 Selecting the Parity When MODBUS is Used ........................................ 14-7
14.5.5 Selecting the Sequence for 32-bit IEEE Registers When
MODBUS Is Used ................................................................................ 14-7
14.6 Configuring Serial Communication Parameters for Athena Plus Protocol ..... 14-8
14.6.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 14-8
14.6.2 Assigning a Unique Controller Address When Athena Plus is Used....... 14-8
14.6.3 Selecting the Baud Rate Applicable to Athena Plus Communications.... 14-8
14.6.4 Selecting the Number of Data Bits and Stop Bits,
and the Parity Applicable to Athena Plus Communications .................... 14-9
14.6.5 Transmission Delay When Athena Plus is Used .................................... 14-9
14.7 Configuring Auxiliary Output Parameters ................................................... 14-10
14.7.1 Introduction......................................................................................... 14-10
14.7.2 Selecting the Value to be Transmitted................................................. 14-10
14.7.3 Scaling the Auxiliary Analog Output .................................................... 14-10
14.8 Configuring the Contact/Digital Input Parameter......................................... 14-11
14.8.1 Introduction......................................................................................... 14-11
14.8.2 Selecting Contact/Digital Input Function.............................................. 14-11
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14.9 Configuring the Remote Analog Setpoint Parameters ................................ 14-12
14.9.1 Introduction......................................................................................... 14-12
14.9.2 Scaling the Input for the Remote Analog Setpoint ............................... 14-12
15.
Numbers Used to Identify Parameters in Multi-Comm
Messages and Athena Plus Protocol................................................ 15-1
16.
Tuning the Controller for PID Control............................................... 16-1
16.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 16-1
16.2 Autotuning................................................................................................... 16-2
16.2.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 16-2
16.2.2 Procedure............................................................................................. 16-2
16.2.3 Autotune Error Codes ........................................................................... 16-3
16.3 Manual Tuning (Zeigler-Nichols PID Method) ............................................... 16-4
16.3.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 16-4
16.3.2 Procedure............................................................................................. 16-4
17.
Changing the Security Access Level ................................................ 17-1
17.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 17-1
17.2 Procedures.................................................................................................. 17-3
17.2.1 To View the Access Level ..................................................................... 17-3
17.2.2 To Change the Access Level ................................................................ 17-3
17.3 Disabling the Keypad................................................................................... 17-4
18.
Calibrating the Controller .................................................................. 18-1
18.1
18.2
Introduction ................................................................................................. 18-1
Determining the Simulated Input to be Used During Low
and High Calibration .................................................................................... 18-2
18.2.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 18-2
18.2.2 Simulating RTD Input for Calibration ..................................................... 18-2
18.2.3 Simulating Thermocouple Input for Calibration ...................................... 18-3
18.2.4 Simulating Linear Input for Calibration................................................... 18-3
18.3 Preparing the Controller............................................................................... 18-4
18.4 Initiating the Calibration ............................................................................... 18-5
18.5 Returning the Controller to Service .............................................................. 18-6
19.
Error Messages and Codes ............................................................... 19-1
19.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 19-1
19.2 Problem with Input Signal ............................................................................ 19-1
19.2.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 19-1
19.2.2 Input Error Messages............................................................................ 19-1
19.3 Problem with Controller ............................................................................... 19-2
19.3.1 Introduction........................................................................................... 19-2
19.3.2 Controller Error Codes .......................................................................... 19-2
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20.
20.1
20.2
20.3
20.4
20.5
20.6
20.7
20.8
21.
Frequently Asked Questions ............................................................. 20-1
Introduction ................................................................................................. 20-1
How do I change from thermocouple to RTD (or vice versa)?....................... 20-1
Why doesn’t the PV displayed match the value on a
thermometer in the process? ....................................................................... 20-2
Why does my compressor cycle so often? ................................................... 20-2
Why doesn’t the controller communicate with the host computer?................ 20-2
Why isn’t the setpoint displayed all the time? ............................................... 20-3
The last digit of the PV display changes very frequently.
How can I slow it down? .............................................................................. 20-3
Why is the setpoint changing? I haven’t touched the controller! ................... 20-3
Index.................................................................................................... 21-1
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1. Introduction
1.1
About this Manual
1.1.1 What It Contains
This manual contains all the information needed to configure and operate the 1ZC, 16C,
18C, and 25C controllers. (The 19C is functionally identical to the 18C.)
This manual contains:
•
in this section, an overview of the controllers’ capabilities
•
a description of the user interface and instructions for using the display and
keypad on the 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers; see Section 2
•
quick-start instructions for setting up the 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers for PID
control, using many of the factory defaults; see Section 3
•
general information about configuration parameters; see Section 4
•
detailed information about every configuration parameter used by the controllers;
see Sections 5 through 14
•
numbers used to identify the parameters in Multi-Comm messages; see Section
15
•
tuning instructions (for automatic and manual tuning); see Section 16
•
instructions for changing the security access level; see Section 17
•
calibration instructions; see Section 18; the controller is calibrated at the factory
for the sensor type specified when you ordered the controller. However, if you
later change the type of sensor, you may need to re-calibrate. The circumstance
that dictates re-calibration is explained in 5.2.
•
error messages and codes displayed on the front panel of 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers; see Section 19
•
frequently asked questions; see Section 20
Instructions for wiring and mounting the controllers are in the installation manual supplied
with each controller.
Guidelines for using a MODBUS host to communicate with the Series C controllers are in
Using the MODBUS Protocol with Athena Series C (1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C)
Controllers. That manual also contains the MODBUS register mapping for all values
stored in the controllers’ databases.
Instructions for configuring and monitoring the 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers using
an RS-232 or RS-485 interface, and Athena Multi-Comm software are in the Multi-Comm
User’s Guide.
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1.1.2 What to Read
This manual contains a comprehensive discussion of all the controller functions.
Some of the information may not apply to your situation.
If you are a process operator, read Sections 1, 2, and 19. If the controller does not
behave as you expect, read Section 20.
If you are a process engineer responsible for configuring the controller, have used
Athena Series C controllers before, and plan to use PID control, read Sections 3, 16,
and 17.
If you are a process engineer responsible for configuring the controller and have
never set up an Athena Series C controller before, look at Section 1 through 17,
reading anything that applies to your control strategy.
If you are a programmer responsible for programming a MODBUS host to
communicate with the controllers, read Section 1 and those portions of Sections 4
through 17 that apply to your control strategy.
1.2
Features and Benefits of Series C Controllers
1.2.1 PID and On/Off Control
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers can be equipped with one or two outputs to
implement PID and on/off control. All also support a manual mode that overrides
automatic control. In manual mode you control the outputs by entering a fixed output
percentage value. Transfer from PID to manual is “bumpless”. Information about the
advantages of each of these two supported control types is in 1.5.
When PID control is selected, you can take advantage of the controllers’ Autotune feature
for easy tuning of the proportional, integral, and derivative components of the control
algorithm.
1.2.2 Convenient User Interface
The panel-mounted 16C, 18C, and 25C are all equipped with a bright two-line LED
display that is easy to read over wide viewing angles.1 During normal operations the
process value is always on display. The setpoint can also be displayed at all times. If
you prefer, the setpoint can be “blanked”, that is, it can be turned off after a configurable
time period. Pressing any key displays the setpoint again.
The 16C, 18C, and 25C keypad consists of four keys:
mode/enter – used to access the displays used to change the mode or
security access level, as well as to write values to the controller’s database and
step through items within a configuration menu
1
The compact 1ZC does not include a display. It does have LEDs to signal which functions are active.
The 1ZC is designed to be mounted on DIN rails in a cabinet. It is configured and its process value is
read using a personal computer. See Using the MODBUS Protocol with Athena Series C Controllers or
the Multi-Comm User’s Guide.
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Introduction
menu access – used to access the menu system; within the menu system it
is used to move from menu to menu
up and
down – used to change numeric values and to scroll through
lists of configuration choices
The front panel of the 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers includes LEDs that are used for
alarm annunciation, as well as to signal which controller functions are active. See
Section 2 for more information about the user interface.
1.2.3 Alarm Annunciation
In addition to the front panel LEDs for alarm annunciation on the 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers, all the models (including the 1ZC) can be configured to use one or more
outputs for annunciation of high or low process alarms, deviation alarms, inverse band
alarms, and normal band alarms. See 1.7 for more details about alarm capabilities.
1.2.4 Ease of Configuration
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers all use the same configuration parameters, so if
you know how to configure one of the controllers, you know how to configure all of them.
The 16C, 18C, and 25C can all be configured using the front panel display and keypad to
access the hierarchy of menus as described in Section 4. Parameters that do not apply
to your control strategy will not be displayed. For example, if you choose on/off control
as the function for an output, then only parameters relating to on/off control will be
displayed for that output.
All the controllers can be configured using a personal computer. See 1.2.6 below for the
communication protocols supported.
1.2.5 Ramp/Soak Recipes
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C can all be configured to execute ramp/soak recipes on
demand. A recipe consists of up to eight segments. For each segment you can
configure a unique ramp time, soak level (setpoint), and soak time.
If your process is not responsive enough to achieve the setpoint within the ramp time (or
maintain the soak level for the entire soak time), you can use the recipe “holdback”
parameter to “stop the clock” on the ramp time (and soak time) if the setpoint differs too
much from the process value.
Execution of a recipe can be started, paused, resumed, and terminated using the front
panel (or an optional contact/digital input) on the 16C, 18C, and 25C, or using a serial
communications interface on any of the controllers (including the 1ZC model).
Alternatively, all these controllers can be configured to execute a single gradual ramp to
setpoint at startup or on demand. Holdback can also be applied to this operation.
See Section 11 for more information about ramp/soak capabilities.
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1.2.6 Serial Communications
The 1ZC model always supports an RS-485 serial communications interface. The 16C,
18C, and 25C are all available with an optional RS-485 serial communication interface.
(When ordering the controller you can select processor board firmware for either
MODBUS protocol or Athena Plus protocol to work with the RS-485 interface.) An
RS-232 serial communication interface is available as an option for the 16C, 18C, and
25C models. (An RS-232 interface can be used with Athena Plus protocol, but not
MODBUS).
Athena Multi-Comm software can be used to communicate with the controllers equipped
with an RS-485 or RS-232 interface and firmware for the Athena Plus protocol as
described in the Multi-Comm User’s Guide.
Guidelines for using a MODBUS host to communicate with the Series C controllers are in
Using the MODBUS Protocol with Athena Series C (1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C)
Controllers.
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Introduction
1.3
Modes of Operation
1.3.1 Control Modes
Unless both standard outputs are set to off or ALR (alarm), the 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers support several modes of operation for control, as well as a special mode
used to tune the unit automatically for PID control.2
The table below summarizes the control modes and shows the display used to select
each. Instructions for using the keypad to display and change the mode are in 2.4. The
operational display for each mode is in 2.2.1.
Control
Mode
normal
CtrL
nor
standby
Description
Selection
Display
CtrL
StbY
manual
(fixed output
percentage)
CtrL
Autotune
CtrL
FOP
Atun
ramp/soak
start
CtrL
ramp/soak
hold
CtrL
resume
ramp/soak
CtrL
r.S
rS. H
rS. r
When the controller is in normal mode, the outputs are based on
the controller’s calculations in accordance with the configured
control strategy, dependent on the input received.
When the controller is placed in standby mode, the controller does
not calculate any outputs until the controller is taken out of
standby. While in standby, the control outputs are in their
unactivated state (open or closed, depending on the type of relay).
Analog outputs are set to their minimums in standby mode.
When the controller is placed in manual mode, then, regardless of
the configured control strategy and the input received, the outputs
used are the fixed percentages specified by the operator using the
percent 1 and percent 2 values. See 2.4.5 for the procedure.
When Autotune is selected, the PID outputs are put under the
control of the Autotune algorithm, and dependent on the input
received. Autotune is not always available. The controller and
the process must be prepared before the controller is placed in
Autotune mode. See 16.2 for details.
If the controller’s ramp/soak parameters have been used to
enable the controller to execute a single-setpoint ramp or a multistep recipe, then this choice is available. When ramp/soak start is
selected from the list of available modes, the single-setpoint ramp
or multi-step ramp will be executed, based on the values stored in
the controllers ramp/soak parameters. The outputs will be
calculated by the controller to achieve the recipe setpoint. The
recipe setpoint will be manipulated by the controller in accordance
with the ramp and soak segments configured using the controller’s
ramp/soak parameters. See Section 11 for details.
If the controller is running a multi-step recipe based on the
ramp/soak parameter values (that is, if r.S is alternating with the
display of the PV), then the ramp/soak hold choice is available on
the list of modes. When this choice is selected, the setpoint is
held at the level reached when the recipe was put on hold.
If a recipe is currently being held (that is, if rS. H is alternating
with the display of the PV), then the resume ramp/soak recipe
choice is available on the list of modes. When this choice is
selected, the controller resumes execution of the recipe.
2
When both standard outputs are off or used for alarm annunciation, the instrument functions as a noncontrolling indicator. When the outputs are not used for control, the operating modes are not applicable
(they are all related to the behavior of outputs), so no mode is displayed when you press the
key.
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1.3.2 Configuration
In addition to the operating displays associated with the control modes described in 1.3.1
above, the 16C, 18C, and 25C can display configuration parameters. The parameters
are grouped by purpose and organized in menus. Instructions for viewing and changing
configuration parameter values are in 2.4.8.
Attention
1-6
Before accessing the menu system (or changing a parameter
value using a remote host), we recommend putting the controller
in standby mode as described in 2.4.3 (or in the manual supplied
with the host software).
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Introduction
1.4
Security
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers can be configured to limit the values that can be
changed using the keypad. For example, the access level can be set to allow operators
to change only the setpoint or the manual mode output percentage.
A controller can be set to any of the access levels in the table below. The sequence of
levels in the table is from most restrictive to least restrictive. New 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers are shipped with the access level set to cnF9 (configuration).
Instructions for changing the access level are in Section 17.
Displayed
Abbreviation
Access
Level
Loc.O
keypad
lockout
Description
Highest security level; no access.
While the access level is “keypad lockout”, no controller values can be
changed, not even the setpoint. To escape, press the
key for
approximately ten seconds, until Loc.O is displayed, then press
SP
setpoint only
.
Setpoint or manual outputs can be adjusted; no access to mode or
menus.
When the access level is “setpoint only”, the keypad can be used to
change the setpoint or the manual mode output percentage. However,
the operator will not be able to change the controller from normal
(automatic) mode to manual, and vice versa.
SPPL
setpoint plus
mode
Setpoint or manual outputs can be adjusted; mode can be
changed; no access to menus.
When the access level is “setpoint plus mode”, the keypad can be used
to change the setpoint, manual mode output percentage, and control
mode, including executing recipes, and switching from normal
(automatic) to manual, and vice versa. (See 1.3.1 for a description of all
control modes.)
USEr
user
All the “setpoint plus mode” functions, and limited access to
menus.
When the access level is “user”, the keypad can be used to do all the
functions available in “setpoint plus mode”. At the “user” level, the
keypad can also be used to view and change the values on the control
menu (tuning parameters), adjust the Autotune damping parameter, and
view and change all the ramp/soak parameters.
CnF9
configuration
All the “user” functions, and access to all menus except
calibration.
When the access level is “configuration”, the keypad can be used to
perform all controller functions and access all menus, except the
calibration menu.
FACt
factory
Access to everything.
When the access level is “factory”, the keypad can be used to do all
controller functions, including re-calibrating the controller.
The controllers are calibrated at the factory. Usually the controllers will
never need re-calibration. See 5.2 for the circumstance that dictates recalibration. Do not leave the controller set to this access level after
you have re-calibrated the controller.
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1.5
Control Types Supported
1.5.1 Overview
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers support PID and on/off control. Autotuning is
available for PID control. The type of control for each of the two standard outputs3 is
specified using the output menu output type parameter. The two outputs can be set for
different types of control. For 1ZC and 16C controllers, one or both standard outputs can
be used for alarm annunciation instead of control. (See 1.6 for more information about
alarm annunciation.)
The advantages and disadvantages of both types of control are described briefly below.
1.5.2 PID Control
When Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control is used, the controller modulates
output power by adjusting the output power percentage within a proportional band.
Power is proportionally reduced as the process temperature gets closer to the setpoint
temperature. The integral action affects the output based on the duration of the process
value’s variation from the setpoint, and the derivative action affects the output based on
the rate of change of the process value.
PID control has the following advantages:
•
minimizes overshoot
•
enhances stability
•
compensates for process lag
The proportional band, derivative action (rate), and integral action (auto reset)
parameters are automatically adjusted by the Autotune operation described in Section
16.
PID control is appropriate for processes with the following characteristics:
•
temperature lags exist
•
load changes are present
•
overshoots need to be minimized
•
very accurate control is required
PID is not appropriate for:
•
underpowered processes
•
processes that use compressors, blowers, or other mechanical devices that
cannot tolerate constant cycling
3
If your application does not require two outputs, the controller could have been ordered with only one
output (output 1).
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Introduction
1.5.3 On/Off Control
On/off control has two states, fully off and fully on.
On/off control can be used where:
•
process is underpowered and has very little heater storage capacity
•
some temperature oscillation is permissible
•
electromechanical systems (compressors) make rapid cycling undesireable
To prevent rapid cycling, the controllers allow you to configure a deadband and a
hysteresis value for on/off control.
1.5.3.1 Use of Hysteresis
If you are using a single output for control, then use the hysteresis parameter to reduce
frequency of cycling.
The hysteresis value represents a temperature value that the controller uses to separate
the on and off transitions of the individual outputs. (You configure the Output 1 and
Output 2 hysteresis values independently.)
For example, in the diagram below, the setpoint is 100 and the hysteresis value is 10. In
this case the output would be on from startup until the process value reaches 105 (the
setpoint plus half the hysteresis value). After overshoot, the PV falls, but the controller
does not turn the output on again until the temperature falls to 95 (the setpoint minus half
the hysteresis value).
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1.5.3.2 Use of Deadband
The controllers also permit you to specify a deadband value for each on/off output. In an
application where the controller’s two outputs are used to control heating and cooling of
the same process, this has the effect of defining a band around the setpoint in which
neither the heating nor the cooling output is on. This avoids having the heating and
cooling devices working against one another.4
To allow you to optimize the control of your process, the heating deadband and the
cooling deadband can be different values. When the deadband value is applied to an
output, it has the effect of shifting the setpoint and the hysteresis for that output. In the
diagram below we call the setpoint the controller actually uses the “effective setpoint”.
When a deadband is configured, the value of this effective setpoint is different from the
value of the displayed setpoint.
For a heating (reverse-acting) output, a positive deadband (value greater than zero)
moves the effective setpoint used by the controller below the displayed setpoint. For
cooling (direct-acting outputs), a positive deadband moves the effective setpoint used by
the controller above the setpoint displayed.5
In the diagram below, the setpoint is 100, the hysteresis for each output is 10, and a
deadband of 10 has also been configured for each output. (These are probably not
realistic values for most processes, but we’re using these values to demonstrate the
controllers’ behavior when hysteresis and deadband are configured for both heating and
cooling outputs.)
The heating output is on until the process value reaches 95 (setpoint minus heating
deadband plus one half heating hysteresis), but the overshoot does not trigger the
cooling output until the temperature reaches 115 (setpoint plus the cooling deadband
plus half the cooling hysteresis).
The cooling output stays on until the PV reaches 105 (setpoint plus cooling deadband
minus one half cooling hysteresis). The heating output does not come on until the PV
has dropped to 85 (setpoint minus heating deadband minus one half heating hysteresis).
The heating output goes off when the PV gets to 95 (setpoint minus heating deadband
plus one half heating hysteresis).
4
However, if your application sometimes requires use of heating and cooling simultaneously, you can
specify a negative deadband value. The range of valid deadband values is affected by input type; see
8.2.2 for details.
5
A negative deadband value has the opposite effect.
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Introduction
1.6
Setpoint
1.6.1 Introduction
The value of the PV and the setpoint currently being used (“active setpoint”) are always
displayed when a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller is operating in normal mode. The
setpoint used (and displayed) is not always entered by the operator as described in 2.4.2.
•
The active setpoint can come from a recipe; see 1.6.2.
•
The active setpoint can be written to the controller from a host computer; see 1.6.3.
•
A second setpoint can be used when an external device triggers an optional switch in
the controller; see 1.6.4.
•
The setpoint can come from an external device by means of an optional analog input;
see 1.6.5.
For the algorithm used by the controller to determine which setpoint is the “active”
setpoint, that is, the setpoint being used now, see 1.6.6.
1.6.2 Setpoint from a Recipe
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers can each be configured to execute a single
ramp to setpoint, or a multi-step ramp and soak recipe (eight steps maximum). As
execution of the ramp or recipe progresses, the setpoint is changed by the controller as
specified in the recipe. Starting, pausing, and terminating recipe execution is described
in 2.4.6. Instructions for configuring recipes are in Section 11. The setpoint range
applied to recipe soak levels is configured using the setpoint low and high limit
parameters described in 5.6.2 and 5.7.2.
Athena Multi-Comm software can be used to configure Multi-Comm recipes that have any
number of steps. (The recipes are stored on the Multi-Comm host computer, not in the
controllers.) If a controller is connected to a Multi-Comm host computer via an RS-232 or
RS-485 connection, the operator can execute a Multi-Comm recipe under the direction of
the host, which sends the controller setpoint values in accordance with the recipe.
Instructions for configuring Multi-Comm recipes are in the Multi-Comm User’s Guide.
1.6.3 Setpoint from a Host Computer
If a controller is connected to a Multi-Comm host computer via an RS-232 or RS-485
connection, or to a MODBUS master via an RS-485 network, the setpoint in the controller
may have been written to the controller by the host computer. The setpoint range applied
to setpoints that are configurable using a host computer is configured using the setpoint
low and high limit parameters described in 5.6.2 and 5.7.2.
Host computers can write a new setpoint to either RAM or the EEPROM (or to both). The
controller uses the setpoint stored in RAM. If the setpoint is also stored on the EEPROM,
the setpoint will be retained, even when power to the controller is turned off. The setpoint
stored on the EEPROM will be written to RAM when the controller is powered up.
However, a host computer can wear out the EEPROM by writing to it too many times. Do
not write the setpoint to the EEPROM when you are writing a temporary setpoint to the
controller, such as when you are ramping to a final setpoint under the direction of a
MODBUS master.
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1.6.4 Second Setpoint
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers are available with an optional contact/digital input
switch. If a controller is equipped with the optional contact/digital input, then an external
device can trigger the use of a second setpoint. (See 14.8.2 for information about
selecting the function of the contact/digital input.) The operator cannot use the front
panel of the controller to switch to the second setpoint. However, once an external
device has switched the controller to use the second setpoint, the operator can change
the value of the second setpoint by means of the front panel. If the controller is on a
network, the value of the second setpoint can also be changed by a host computer. The
setpoint range for the second setpoint is configured using the setpoint low and high limit
parameters described in 5.6.2 and 5.7.2.
1.6.5 Remote Analog Setpoint
Use of a remote analog setpoint (RAS) is supported by only controllers that contain the
optional RAS card. If use of the remote analog setpoint is enabled (by the contact on the
RAS card being closed by an external signal), then the RAS value currently being
received by the controller is used as the active setpoint. The scaling of the RAS input is
configured using the remote analog setpoint low and high scale parameters as described
in 14.9.2
1.6.6 What Determines Which is the Active Setpoint
The active setpoint is the setpoint value currently being used for control. This is also the
setpoint currently being displayed. As described above, this setpoint can come from one
of several sources. The logic flow that determines which setpoint value is used is shown
below.
If a single setpoint ramp or multi-step ramp/soak recipe is active,
then the active setpoint equals the recipe setpoint.
Else if using the remote analog setpoint is enabled,
then the active setpoint equals the remote analog setpoint.
Else if using the second setpoint is enabled,
then the active setpoint equals the second setpoint.
Else active setpoint equals setpoint entered by means of the front panel (or
written to the controller by a host).
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Introduction
1.7
Alarm Annunciation
1.7.1 Using LEDs
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers all have two alarm LEDs on the front panel. Each of
these LEDs is associated with an alarm. Each alarm can be configured to be activated
(light the LED) when a specific condition exists. The Alr (alarm) menu is used to
configure the alarms associated with the LEDs.
•
process alarm – Activated when the process variable reaches the alarm value
(alarm setpoint parameter value), independent of the PV’s relationship to the
process setpoint. A high process alarm activates at and above the alarm
setpoint. A low process alarm activates at and below the alarm setpoint. For
example, if you want an alarm to alert the operator when the PV goes up to 200,
then configure the alarm as a high process alarm, and specify the alarm setpoint
as 200.
•
deviation alarm – Activated when the process variable deviates from the
process setpoint by the amount specified using the alarm setpoint parameter
value. A high deviation alarm activates when the PV is above the process
setpoint by the amount specified using the alarm value. A low deviation alarm
activates when the PV is below the process setpoint by the amount specified
using the alarm value. For example, if you want an alarm to alert the operator
when the PV is 50 below the setpoint, then configure the alarm as a low deviation
alarm, and specify the alarm value (using the alarm setpoint parameter) as 50.
•
inverse band alarm – Activated when the process value is within a specified
band centered around the setpoint. For example, if you want the alarm to alert
the operator when the PV is 10 units (or less) above or below the process
setpoint, then configure the alarm as an inverse band alarm, and specify 10 for
the alarm setpoint parameter value.
•
normal band alarm – Activated when the process value is outside a specified
band centered around the setpoint. For example, if you want the alarm to alert
the operator when the PV is 10 units (or more) above or below the process
setpoint, then configure the alarm as a normal band alarm, and specify 10 for the
alarm setpoint parameter value.
The type of alarm (process high, process low, deviation high, deviation low, inverse band,
or normal band) is referred to as the alarm operation. The alarm menu contains an
alarm operation parameter for each of the two alarms associated with the LEDs on the
front panel of the 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers.
For each alarm there is also an alarm action parameter. This parameter is the first in
the alarm menu for each of the two alarms, and is used to specify how the alarm will be
used. The choices are:
900M050U00
•
off – The alarm will not be used.
•
normal – The alarm will light the LED when the alarm state occurs and turn
off the LED when the alarm state has cleared.
•
latching – Once the alarm lights the LED, the LED will remain lit until the
operator presses the
key, even if the alarm condition has cleared before
the operator presses the key.
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•
event – This special use of an alarm indicates that the controller has reached
a particular point in a ramp/soak recipe. Setting the alarm action to “event”
reserves the alarm for use by a ramp/soak recipe. However, the specific
recipe event(s) that will trigger the alarm are configured using the r-S
(ramp/soak) menu as described in Section 11.
1.7.2 Using an Output to Trigger an External Device
1.7.2.1 Introduction
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C models can all be configured to use one or two outputs
connected to external devices to annunciate alarms. However, which outputs can be
used for alarms depends on the model and the hardware options selected.
1.7.2.2 Using Alarm Outputs
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers can all be ordered with two dedicated alarm outputs.6
The operation and action of these outputs is tied to the alarm menu parameters that
affect alarm annunciation using the LEDs.
For example, suppose a controller is configured to light LED A1 if the PV falls 20 units
below the process setpoint. If the controller is equipped with optional alarm outputs that
are normally open relays, then when the PV falls too much and the LED is lit, the alarm 1
relay contact will be closed.
If the alarm action is configured as “normal”, then when the alarm condition clears, the
contact will go back to the normal state. If the alarm action is configured as “latched”, the
contact will remain in the abnormal state until the operator presses the
key. The
dedicated alarm outputs will match the LED’s behavior if the alarm is configured to signal
recipe events.
1.7.2.3 Using One or Two Standard Outputs
The 1ZC and 16C models can be configured to use their standard outputs for alarm
annunciation. This feature allows users of the compact 1ZC controller to use an external
device to annunciate alarms, even though the 1ZC is not available with optional alarm
outputs. Even though the 16C is available with dedicated alarm outputs, the ability to
annunciate alarms using the standard outputs is also available on 16C controllers to
accommodate users who network their controllers. Because of its compact size, the 16C
can accommodate optional alarm outputs only if the case does not contain serial
communication hardware. The larger 18C and 25C controllers can accommodate both
the optional serial communications and dedicated optional alarm hardware, so use of
standard outputs for alarm annunciation is not available in these larger models.)
When standard outputs are used for alarm annunciation, the alarms are configured using
alarm parameters on the OutP (output) menu. These output menu alarm parameters
provide the same configuration choices for alarm operation and action as the alarm menu
parameters described in 1.7.1, with the exception of the “event” alarm action. Standard
alarm outputs cannot be used to signal recipe events.
6
Refer to the Athena catalog (or the model number breakdown in the installation manuals supplied with
the controllers) for details on the types of outputs available.
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Introduction
Alarms configured using the output menu and alarms configured using the alarm menu
are independent of one another. For example, suppose you have a 16C controller that is
equipped with two standard outputs (one analog, the other a relay) and an alarm output
card with two more relays. You could use the output menu to configure the analog output
for PID control and the relay output as a latched process alarm. In addition, you could
use the alarm menu to configure LED A1 to light and optional alarm output relay 1 to go
to the alarm state for a high deviation alarm, while A2 and optional alarm output 2 could
annunciate a low deviation alarm condition.
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1.8
Configuration Sequence Matters
The Athena Series C controllers are versatile instruments that are capable of using many
types of input values and implementing several types of control strategies. To support
this versatility, the Series C controllers are capable of storing values for many
configuration parameters. Interrelationships exist between the parameters. Therefore,
it is important that you configure the parameters in the correct sequence.
If you plan to use a thermocouple or RTD input and if you do not plan to use degrees
Fahrenheit (the default unit of measure), the first step is always to specify the unit to be
used (Celsius or Kelvin) using the dSPL (display) menu Unit parameter.7 The controller
uses this unit of measure for internal operations, as well as for external communications.
When you change the units of measure for temperature inputs, the controller recalculates
any values that have already been specified. For example, if you want the setpoint to be
100 °C, then you must change the units from the default F to C before you write the
setpoint of 100 to the controller. If you change the units after you write the setpoint of
100 to the controller, the controller will convert the 100 °F setpoint to 37.8 °C. In this
case, you would have to reconfigure the setpoint to 100 °C to implement the control
needed by your process.
After the unit of measure has been changed, if necessary, from degrees Fahrenheit to
your choice of Celsius or Kelvin, the next step is always to specify the type of input that
each controller will receive. That means that you must specify the type of thermocouple
or RTD that will provide the input to the controller, or, in the case of a linear input, the
range and units of the input (0 to 20 mA, 0 to 5 V, 1 to 5 V, etc.) The type of input
specified affects how the controller processes the input signal and calculates the output
needed to achieve the setpoint.
With the exception of the unit of measure, generally the parameters should be configured
in the sequence in which they are presented in the menus.
In addition to being aware of the sequence in which parameters should be configured,
you should also remember that not all parameters apply to all applications. For example,
if you specify that the input type is a thermocouple or RTD, then you will not see the low
scale and high scale parameters in the input menu. However, if you use a linear input,
then you must specify scaling values, or accept the factory defaults (-1999 to 9999).8
7
The input type parameter is configured at the factory to match the type of calibration specified when the
controller was ordered (see 5.5.1). If the controller was calibrated and configured at the factory for a
linear input type, the units of measure parameter will not be included in the display menu until you
change the input type. When changing the input from a linear to a temperature input (or vice versa), the
input jumper settings must also be changed as described in 5.3, and the controller must be re-calibrated
as described in Section 18 (unless the “calibrate all” option was specified when the controller was
ordered).
8
The database values in new (“out of the box”) 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers are always the
default values shown in the tables Sections 5 through 14, except in the case of the input type parameter,
which is configured at the factory to match the type of calibration ordered. (If “calibrate all” was specified,
the input type is set to J thermocouple at the factory.) Instructions for using the controller front panel to
return all database values (including input type) in the 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers to their default
values are in 12.5.
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Introduction
1.9
What Happens When You Power Up the Controller
1.9.1 Outputs
When the controller is powered up, under some circumstances the outputs may be
activated. If the controller has been configured, this is good. However, if the controller is
new (not yet configured), then we recommend placing the controller in standby mode until
you have configured the controller for your application.
For instructions for putting a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller in standby, see 2.4.3.
To put a 1ZC in standby mode, issue the appropriate command from a MODBUS master
or the Multi-Comm host computer.
1.9.2 Display
When a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller is first powered up, all segments of both lines of the
LED display will be lit briefly while the controller goes through a series of self-diagnostics.
Next the top line briefly displays the type of controller, while the lower line displays a
firmware version number.9 Next, the top line will display 0000, while the lower line
displays the type of communication protocol the controller supports. Finally, the process
variable (PV) and process setpoint value (SV) are displayed. This is the normal operator
display. See 2.2 for more information about the controller displays.
1.9.3 Setpoint
Once the controller has been configured, its behavior at startup depends on the choices
made during configuration.
The controller can be configured to ramp gradually up to the setpoint after the controller
is powered up.
If this single-setpoint ramp function has not been enabled as described in 11.3, then the
controller’s control algorithm will use the outputs to achieve the configured setpoint using
the configured control strategy as quickly as possible. See 1.6 for information about the
possible sources of the active setpoint.
9
It is a good idea to make a note of this number. If you phone for technical support you will be asked for
this version information, as well as for the complete model number of the controller in question.
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1.10 Configuration and Startup Activities
The following table summarizes the configuration and startup tasks to be accomplished
once the controllers are mounted and wired as described in the installation manuals
supplied with the instruments. As described in 1.8, configuration sequence does matter,
because there are interdependencies among parameters. We recommend configuring
the controllers in the sequence shown below.
Step
Action
Where
Described
1
Power up the controller.
2
Put the controller in standby mode.10
2.4.3
3
If you plan to use a temperature input (thermocouple or RTD) and
do not plan to use the default units of measure Fahrenheit, select
the units of measure.
6.2.3
3
Specify the input type. If the input is linear, scale the input.
4
Optional – Specify the number of decimal places to be stored and
displayed and the display refresh rate. If you do not configure these
display parameters, the controller will use the defaults listed in
Section 6.
6
5
Choose how the outputs will be used and configure the parameters
that apply to the output function.
7
6
For on/off control, customize the output operation using the
hysteresis (heating only or cooling only) and deadband (heating and
cooling).
8.2
For Autotuning, prepare the process and initiate the operation.
16.2
For manual tuning of PID, specify a manual offset and other tuning
values.
---
5.5
8.3 and 16.3
7
Optional – Configure alarms.
7.5
8
Optional – Configure single-setpoint ramp or multi-segment recipe.
11
9
Recommended – Specify the loop break time, and configure failsafe
outputs to be used if the controller detects a problem with the input.
12
10
Optional – Configure any parameters related to hardware options,
such as the scale for a remote analog setpoint, or the function of an
11
auxiliary analog output.
14
11
Adjust the setpoint.
2.4.2
12
Put the controller in normal (automatic) mode.
2.4.4
13
Change the security access level to the most restrictive level that is
appropriate for your site.
17
10
To put a 1ZC in standby mode, issue the appropriate command from a MODBUS master or the MultiComm host computer.
11
If the controller will be configured using a serial interface, the communication option parameters can be
configured first, permitting you to configure the other parameters using a personal computer. Details of
communication setups appropriate for the serial interfaces are in the Multi-Comm User’s Guide and Using
the MODBUS Protocol with Athena Series C Controllers.
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2. User Interface
2.1
Overview
The panel-mounted 16C, 18C, and 25C are all equipped with a bright two-line LED
display that is easy to read over wide viewing angles.12 During normal operations the
process value is always on display. The setpoint can also be displayed at all times. If
you prefer, the setpoint can be “blanked”, that is, it can be turned off after a configurable
time period. Pressing any key displays the setpoint again. Information about the other
information that can be displayed is in 2.2.
The 16C, 18C, and 25C keypad consists of four keys:
mode/enter – used to access the displays used to change the mode or
security access level, as well as to write values to the controller’s database and
step through items within a configuration menu
menu access – used to access the menu system; within the menu system
it is used to move from menu to menu
up and
down – used to change numeric values and to scroll through
lists of configuration choices
Instructions for using these keys to operate the controller are in 2.4.
The front panel of the 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers includes LEDs that are used for
alarm annunciation, as well as to signal which controller functions are active. See 2.3 for
more information about these LEDs.
12
The compact 1ZC does not include a display. It does have LEDs to signal which functions are active.
The 1ZC is designed to be mounted on a DIN rail in a cabinet. It is configured and its process value is
read using a personal computer. See the Multi-Comm User’s Guide and Using the MODBUS Protocol
with Athena Series C Controllers for information about reading values from and writing values to the 1ZC
controllers.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
2.2
Display
2.2.1 When in a Control Mode
What is displayed when the controller is in one of the control modes described in 1.3.1
depends on the mode and whether the controller detects any problems with the input or
with its own operation. The table below summarizes the various combinations of numeric
values and abbreviations displayed when the controller is operating.
What’s Displayed
Example
Top Line
Top Line
Lower Line
Lower Line
Circumstance
normal mode, no problems
detected
process value
155.5
setpoint (see Note 1 below)
157.0
standby mode
process value alternating with StbY
StbY
setpoint (see Note 1 below)
157.0
process value
155.5
output 1 fixed output percent value
alternating with Pct1 or
Pct1
manual mode
output 2 fixed output percent value
alternating with PcT2
(Use the
and Pct2.)
Autotune mode
process value alternating with tunE
tunE
setpoint value (see Note 1 below)
157.0
recipe running under the
direction of the controller,
using ramp/soak parameter
values (See Note 2 below)
process value alternating with rS followed
by the ramp or soak segment number
rS.r1
setpoint (ramps as the recipe is executed)
(see Note 1 below)
145.0
ramp/soak recipe on hold
process value alternating with rS-H
rS-H
setpoint value (held at value it had when
recipe was put on hold) (see Note 1 below)
152.0
process value will alternate with LPbr
LPbr
setpoint value (see Note 1 below)
157.0
controller detects an open
sensor, or the input is out of
the supported sensor range
ErHi displayed
ErHi
setpoint value (see Note 1 below)
157.0
controller detects a reversed
sensor, or the input is out of
the supported sensor range
ErLo displayed
ErLo
setpoint value (see Note 1 below)
157.0
controller detects a possible
open loop (input has not
changed for time period
longer than the configured
loop break time) (see 12.2)
2-2
key to toggle between Pct1
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User Interface
What’s Displayed
Example
Top Line
Top Line
Lower Line
Lower Line
Circumstance
controller detects a problem
with its own operation
Err displayed
numeric code displayed; see 19.3.2 for the
codes
Err
0100
Note 1: The controller can be configured to limit the length of time the setpoint is
displayed. If the setpoint display blanking parameter is set to a value other than OFF, the
setpoint will be displayed for only the configured number of seconds. At the end of that
time period, the setpoint display will become blank and remain blank until the operator
presses any key. The setpoint will again be displayed for the configured number of
seconds (see 6.2.4 or 6.3.3).
Note 2: If a MODBUS master or Multi-Comm host is running a recipe based on values
stored in the host (as opposed to a recipe based on ramp/soak parameter values stored
in the controller’s database), the display will show only the PV and SV values. No other
message will alternate with either value.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
2.2.2 During Configuration
2.2.2.1 Introduction
When the
key has been used to display a menu, you can configure the controller.
It is recommended that you put the controller in standby mode as described in 2.4.3
before going into configuration to change parameter values. Putting the controller in
standby will ensure that the outputs are off.
During configuration the top line of the display contains a menu name. The second line
of the display contains a parameter name, alternating with the current value. For
example, when the input menu input type parameter is accessed the display will show
InP
tYPE
alternating
with
InP
Rtd
2.2.2.2 Menus Available
To access the menus containing the configuration parameters, press the
key until a
text string is displayed on the top line of the display (approximately three seconds). The
table below lists all the menus available.
Which of these menus is displayed depends on the access level set for the controller (as
described in 1.4). When a controller is first powered up the menus are displayed in the
sequence in which they are listed in the table. However, if you exit configuration, then
access the menus again, you will re-enter the cycle where you left it.
For example, if the OutP (output) menu 02.tY (output 2 type) parameter is on display
when you exit configuration (or are timed out), then when you next access the menus, the
OutP menu 02.tY parameter will the first one displayed.
To see all the parameters in all the menus, go to the referenced section of this manual.
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Displayed
Abbreviation
Access
Levels
Described
In
input
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
5
dSPL
display
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
6
OutP
output
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
7
CtrL
control
USEr (user) and
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
8
Alr
alarm
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
9
Autotune damping
USEr (user) and
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
10
r-S
ramp/soak
USEr (user) and
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
11
SUPr
supervisor
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
12
CAL
calibration
FACt (factory) only
13
Optn
option
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.4
SErL
serial (used only if the
controller contains a
serial communication
option card)
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.5
and
14.6
C-dl
contact/digital input
(used only if the
controller contains an
optional contact/digital
input card)
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.7
rAS
remote analog setpoint
(used only if the
controller contains an
optional remote analog
setpoint card)
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.8
Aout
auxiliary analog output
(used only if the
controller contains an
optional auxiliary analog
output card)
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.7
InP
tunE
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Menu
Name
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
2.3
LEDs
2.3.1 On 16C, 18C, 25C Controllers
The 16C, 18C, and 25C front panels all contain six LEDs that light under specific
circumstances. See the illustration below for the function of each LED.
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User Interface
2.3.2 On 1ZC Controller
The end of the 1ZC controller contains six LEDs (above the terminal strip) that light under
specific circumstances. See the illustration and table below for the function of each LED.
LED
Location
Function
sensor error
above terminal 2
Lit when the sensor is disconnected, or the input
signal is out of range, or the loop break time is
exceeded. While the sensor error LED is lit, the
outputs are in the state you configured using the
failsafe output parameters as described in 12.2.
RXD (receive)
above terminal 4
When using MODBUS this LED is lit while the
controller receives a message from the host. When
using Multi-Comm, this LED is lit whenever the
controller detects network traffic.
TXD (transmit)
above terminal 5
When using MODBUS or Multi-Comm, this LED is lit
while the controller sends a message to the host.
output 1
between terminals
6 and 7
Lit while output 1 is energized.
output 2
between terminals
8 and 9
Lit while output 2 is energized.
power/run
between terminals
10 and 11
Blinks while power is applied and while unit is running
(heartbeat).
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
2.4
Using the Keypad
2.4.1 Key Functions
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers have four keys. The functions of the keys are
described below. The rest of this subsection contains instructions for changing the
setpoint, viewing and changing the controller’s mode, changing values in the controller’s
database, etc. using these keys.
Key
Name
menu access
Function
Accessing the configuration menus and security access
code – Pressing and holding this key for approximately three
seconds accesses the configuration menus. Once a menu
name is on display, this key is used to step through the
available menus.
When the controller is in manual mode, this key is used to
toggle between the display of the output 1 percent and the
output 2 percent.
When the normal operating display (PV and SV) is on display,
pressing and holding this key for approximately ten seconds
shows the current security access level. The level can then be
changed.
up
Increasing the value on display or cycling up through a
list of choices – Pressing and releasing this key increases the
numerical value on the operator display or configuration
display one unit. Pressing and holding it increases the value
more rapidly.
When a string of characters representing a configuration
parameter choice or a mode choice is on display, pressing this
key displays the previous choice on the list.
down
Decreasing the value on display or cycling down through
a list of choices – Pressing and releasing this key decreases
the numerical value on the operator display or configuration
display one unit. Pressing and holding it decreases the value
more rapidly.
When a string of characters representing a configuration
parameter choice or a mode choice is on display, pressing this
key displays the next choice on the list.
mode/enter
Viewing the mode or selecting the currently displayed
configuration choice or value – While the controller is in use
(controlling a process loop), this key is used to view the current
operational mode. (See 1.3.1 for available control modes.)
When a configuration menu has been accessed, this key is
used to step through the parameters within a menu, and to
write the currently displayed choice or value to the controller’s
database.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
2.4.2 Displaying and Changing the Setpoint
The setpoint can be changed only when the controller is in normal (automatic) mode or
standby mode. (If the PV is alternating with StbY (standby), you can change the
setpoint, but the change will not take effect until you put the controller back into normal
mode.)
To view the current setpoint, if it is not on display because setpoint display
blanking is enabled:
Press any key briefly. The setpoint will be displayed on the lower line.
To change the setpoint:
Use the
and
keys to change the displayed value.
See 1.6 for the possible sources of the setpoint being displayed by the controller (the
“active setpoint”).
See 5.6.2 (temperature input) or 5.7.3 (linear input) for information about the SP.LL and
SP.HL parameters used to configure the range of setpoints that can be entered using the
front panel.
2.4.3 Putting Controller in Standby Mode
To put the controller in standby mode:
1. Press the
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line (after approximately three
seconds) and the current mode on the lower line. (All modes are described in 1.3.1.)
For example, if the controller is in normal (automatic) mode, pressing the
key for
approximately three seconds will display:
CtrL
nor
2. Press the
or
key to cycle through the modes until StbY is on the lower
line. The display will show:
CtrL
StbY
key again (briefly). The display will show StbY alternating with the
3. Press the
process value on the top line, and the setpoint displayed steadily on the lower line.
For example, if the PV is 105 and the SV is 110 you will see:
StbY
110
2-10
alternating
with
105
110
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User Interface
2.4.4 Returning Controller to Normal Operation
1. Press the
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line and the current mode’s
abbreviation is on the lower line. For example, if the controller is in standby the
display will show:
CtrL
StbY
or
key to cycle through the modes until nor is on the lower line.
2. Press the
The display will show:
CtrL
nor
3. Press the
key again (briefly). The display will show the process value on the top
line and the setpoint on the lower line. For example, if the PV is 105 and the SV is
110 you will see:
105
110
2.4.5 Putting Controller into Manual Mode and Changing the Output Values
To put the controller in manual mode:
1. Press the
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line and the current mode on the
lower line. (All modes are described in 1.3.1.) For example, if the controller is in
normal (automatic) mode, pressing the
key for approximately three seconds will
display:
CtrL
nor
2. Press the
or
key to cycle through the modes until FOP (fixed output
percentage) is on the lower line. The display will show:
CtrL
FOP
key again (briefly). The display will show the process variable on the
3. Press the
top line. On the lower line Pct1 (percent 1) will alternate with the current fixed output
percent. When you switch the controller to manual, the most recent output
percentages used in normal (auto) mode will continue to be used. This provides
“bumpless” transfer.
For example, if the PV is 105 and output 1 was most recently at 50% in normal mode,
you would see:
105
Pct1
4. Use the
and
desired percentage.
900M050U00
alternating
with
105
50
keys to change the manual output 1 value displayed to the
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5. To write the output 1 percentage to the controller’s database, press the
key
(briefly). The controller will begin to use the specified fixed output percentage. (The
transition from automatic PID to the manual percentage will be “bumpless”.) The
lower line display will change to Pct2, alternating with the current value for output 2.
6. Use the
and
desired percentage.
keys to change the manual output 2 value displayed to the
key
7. To write the output 2 percentage to the controller’s database, press the
(briefly). The controller will begin to use the specified fixed output percentage.
8. The controller will remain in manual mode until you press and hold the
key to
display CtrL and FOP, then change to one of the other modes as described above
and below.
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2.4.6 Starting, Pausing, and Terminating Recipe Execution
To start execution of the single-setpoint ramp13 or a multi-step recipe:
1. Press the
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line and the current mode on the
lower line. (All modes are described in 1.3.1.) For example, if the controller is in
normal (automatic) mode, pressing the
key for approximately three seconds will
display:
CtrL
nor
or
key to cycle through the modes. If a single-setpoint ramp or
2. Press the
multi-step recipe has been configured as described in Section 11, r.S (ramp/soak)
will be one of the mode choices on the lower line. The display will show:
CtrL
r.S
3. Press the
key again (briefly).
•
If the controller is configured to execute a single-setpoint ramp, the display will
show rS on the top line, alternating with the process variable.
•
If the controller is configured to execute a multi-step ramp, the display will show
rS.r1 (ramp/soak ramp 1) on the top line, alternating with the process value.
In either case, the lower line will display the setpoint, which has been changed by the
controller to match the process value. For example, if the PV is 105, you would see:
rS.s1
105
alternating
with
105
105
As the single-setpoint ramp or multi-step segment 1 ramp time passes, the setpoint will
be ramped toward the target value.
•
In the case of a single-setpoint ramp, this is the normal setpoint.
•
In the case of a multi-step recipe, this will be soak level 1 value.
14
What happens when the target setpoint is reached depends on several factors.
•
13
In the case of a single-setpoint ramp, the display will change to the normal
operating display with the PV on the top line and the SV on the lower line, unless
the termination state parameter was used to specify that the controller should be
placed in standby when the ramp up to setpoint has been completed.15
If single-setpoint ramp is enabled, then the ramp will be executed automatically at startup; see 11.1.
14
Whether the process value actually matches the setpoint when the ramp time has elapsed depends on
how you have configured your recipe. If you have not used the holdback feature and have not configured
the ramp time realistically for your process, the PV may not match the SV when the ramp time has
elapsed. Read Section 11, then enable holdback or fix your ramp time so that the PV has time to catch
up to the SV.
15
This is also what happens if a single-setpoint ramp is executed automatically at startup.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
•
In the case of a multi-step recipe, the top line of the display will change to rS.S1
(ramp/soak soak 1). The recipe will continue to execute, maintaining the setpoint
at soak level 1 for the duration of soak time 1. The recipe will then begin to
execute the next segment, and the display will change to rS.r2, alternating with
the process variable on the top line, and the setpoint on the lower line.
To pause a recipe or single-setpoint ramp during its execution:
1. Press the
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line. The lower line will show
rS.H (ramp/soak hold).
key once to go into recipe hold mode. The top line of the diplay will
2. Press the
show rS-H alternating with the process value, while the lower line displays the
setpoint. The setpoint will remain at this level until you take the recipe out of hold.
To resume execution of a held recipe:
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line. The lower line will show
1. Press the
FOP (fixed output percentage).
2. Use the
or
key to display r.S r (ramp/soak run/resume).
3. Press the
key once to resume execution of the recipe. The top line of the display
will again show the current ramp or soak segment number, alternating with the
process value, while the lower line displays the setpoint.
To terminate execution of the recipe:
1. Press the
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line. If the recipe is active, the
lower line will show rS. H (ramp/soak hold).
2. Instead of pressing the
key to select ramp/soak hold, use the
display nor (normal) or FOP (manual mode).
3. Press the
2-14
or
key to
key once to terminate execution of the recipe.
•
If you selected normal mode, the top line of the display will show the process
variable. The lower line will show the setpoint. This setpoint will be at whatever
value the recipe had reached while executing. This is different from what
happens if a recipe completes execution normally. In that case, the setpoint
value will be determined by the termination state configured using the ramp/soak
menu as described in 11.4.2.
•
If you selected manual mode, the top line of the display will show the process
variable. The lower line will show Pct1 alternating with the current fixed output
percentage.
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2.4.7 Clearing Latched Alarms
To clear all latched alarms:
Press the
key once (briefly). All alarms currently latched will be unlatched if
the alarm condition has been cleared.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
2.4.8 Working in Configuration Mode
2.4.8.1 Entering and Exiting Configuration Mode
We recommend that you put the controller into standby mode as described in 2.4.3,
before entering the menu system.
To enter configuration mode:
Access the configuration menus by pressing and holding the
key until a string of
letters is displayed on the top line (approximately three seconds). The letters
displayed are an abbreviated name of a menu.
When a controller is first powered up, the menus are displayed in the sequence
shown on page 2-5, beginning with the InP (input) menu. However, once you leave
the menu system (or are timed out), the controller “remembers” where you were.
When you next press and hold the
key, the controller will display the menu that
was on display when you left the menu system. Pressing the
key will display the
parameter accessed most recently.
To exit configuration mode:
Return to the normal operating display by pressing and holding the
key until the
process variable is displayed on the top line and the setpoint on the lower line.
2.4.8.2 Procedure for Viewing and Changing a Configuration Parameter Value
To view a parameter’s current value:
1. Access configuration mode by pressing and holding the
key until a string of
letters is displayed on the top line (approximately three seconds). The letters
displayed are an abbreviated name of a menu.
2. Press the
key repeatedly to step through the available menus.
3. Once the name of the menu of interest is on the top line of the display, press the
key once (briefly) to display the first parameter in the menu (or the parameter most
recently accessed in the last configuration session). The abbreviated name of the
parameter will be on the lower line, alternating with the current value for the
parameter stored in the controller’s database.
4. To step through the parameters in the displayed menu, press the
key repeatedly.
5. When the parameter of interest is on display, stop pressing the
key. The
abbreviated parameter name will alternate with the value or choice currently stored in
the controller’s database.
6. To change the current choice or numeric value, use the
and
keys.
7. When the desired choice or numeric value is on display, press the
key once.
The displayed choice or value will be written to the controller’s database. The next
parameter in the menu (or the first parameter if you were at the end of the menu) will
be displayed.
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At this point you can:
•
use the
•
key to
if you like the current value of the parameter on display, you can press the
leave the displayed value unchanged and go on through the parameters in the
menu), or
•
press the
key once to go to the next menu, then use the
the parameters in that menu, or
•
press the
•
press and hold the
and
keys to change the value of the newly displayed parameter, or
key to step through
key repeatedly to display menus later in the cycle, or
key until the normal operating display returns to view.
If you do not press any key, eventually you will be timed out of the menu system. The
controller will revert to the operational display that was in view before you entered the
menu system.
2.4.8.3 Configuration Example
Suppose that once the controller is in operation you want to turn off setpoint blanking and
change the alarm 2 setpoint.
1. Press and hold the
key (approximately three seconds) until CtrL is displayed on
the top line and the current mode on the lower line.
2. Press the
or
key until StbY is displayed.
3. Press the
key again. The display will show StbY alternating with the process
value on the top line. The setpoint will be displayed on the lower line.
4. Press and hold the
key until the abbreviated name of a menu is displayed on
the top line of the display.
•
If no one has used the menu system since the controller was powered up, the
InP (input) menu will be displayed first.
•
If someone has already accessed the menu system since startup, the menu
displayed will be the last one used.
5. To turn off setpoint blanking, press the
is on the top line.
key until the dSPL (display) menu name
6. Press the
key until the bLAn (setpoint blanking) parameter is displayed on the
lower line. The display of bLAn will alternate with the display of the current value.
(When setpoint blanking is on, a numeric value represents the number of seconds
that the setpoint will be displayed after a key press. When the time elapses, the
setpoint display will become blank.)
7. Press the
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
8. To write this new setting to the controller’s database, press the
key once. The
new setting will be saved and dEC.P (decimal position) will be displayed on the lower
line. (The blanking parameter is the last in the display menu, so the controller goes
to the top of the menu and shows you the first display parameter, decimal position.)
9. Because you do not plan to change any other display parameters at the present time,
press the
key to go to the next menu OutP (output).
10. Because you do not plan to change any output parameters during this configuration
session, press the
key again. The name of the next menu in the cycle CtrL
(control) will be displayed.
11. You do not need to change any control parameters right now, so press the
again. The top line will show Alr (alarm).
key
12. Because the alarm 2 setpoint that you want to change is on the alarm menu, press
the
key to display the first parameter in the alarm menu. This is A1.AA (alarm 1
alarm action).
13. Press the
key repeatedly until you see the parameter that you want to change:
A2.SP (alarm 2 setpoint). The current value will alternate with the A2.SP label.
14. Use the
and
keys to change the alarm 2 setpoint to the new value.
15. Press the
key once to save the change. Because the A2.SP parameter is at the
end of the menu, the first parameter in the alarm menu will be displayed again.
16. The two changes you wanted to make have been accomplished, so you can press
and hold the
key to return to the normal operating display.
If you do not press and hold the
key, after a brief interval the controller will
automatically go back to the normal operating display (PV and SV).
If you do not press the
key after you change a parameter value, and you are
subsequently timed out of the menu system, the change will not be saved to the
controller’s database.
2-18
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
3. Configuring the Controller – Quick Setup
Instructions for PID Control
3.1
Introduction
If you are familiar with the 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers and plan to use PID control (the
default), the instructions in this section will serve as a quick refresher. The instructions in
this section assume that:
•
the controller is already mounted and wired correctly in accordance with the
guidelines and diagrams in the installation manual supplied with each controller
•
the controller is new, still set to its factory defaults, including access level
•
the correct sensor type was specified when the controller was ordered (or
“calibrate all” was specified16), so that the controller has already been calibrated
for the type of sensor you plan to use, and the input jumpers settings on the
microprocessor board are correct. (Refer to 5.2 and 5.3 for details about input
type compatibility with the calibration and jumper settings.)
Before following the instructions in this section, read the precautions at the front of this
manual.
16
To determine whether the controller in hand was calibrated at the factory for all input types, check the
model number on the label on the controller. The meaning of each character in the model number is in
the installation manual supplied with the controller. If you specified “calibrate all”, then the input type and
input jumpers are set at the factory to receive input from a J thermocouple.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
3.2
Quick Instructions
The instructions below guide you through the minimum tasks needed to configure the
controller for PID control. Unless you change the value of a configuration parameter, the
controller will use the factory defaults. The parameters modified using the instructions
below are only a few of the parameters available to customize the controller’s operation
for your application.
If you want to learn about all the parameters available, read Sections 4 through 14.
Sections 5 through 14 also contain the default values for all configuration parameters in
every menu.
1. Put the controller in standby mode.
a) Apply power.
b) After self-check display stops, press and hold the
key (approximately three
seconds) until CtrL is displayed on the top line and the current mode on the
lower line.
c) Press the
or
key until StbY is displayed.
d) Press the
key again. The display will show StbY alternating with the
process value on the top line. The setpoint will be displayed on the lower line.
2. Specify the input type, unless the factory setting will be used.17
a) Press and hold the
key until InP is displayed on the top line (approximately
three seconds). (If the name of a menu other than input is displayed, repeatedly
press the
key until you see InP.18)
b) When InP is displayed, press the
key once to make tYPE appear on the
lower line. The choice that is currently stored in the controller’s database for this
parameter will alternate with the display of tYPE.
c) Use the
or
key to step through the list of choices until the desired input
type is on display. (If the type you plan to choose is different from the input
category specified when you ordered the controller, refer to Section 5 to see if
you must recalibrate and/or change input jumper settings.)
17
The input type is set at the factory to match the calibration type specified when the controller was
ordered. The factory setting for each calibration type is shown in 5.5.1. If you change the input type from
the factory setting, you may also have to change the input jumper settings. See 5.3 for details.
If you do not see InP when you access the menus (or do not see tYPE first in the input menu),
someone has accessed the menu system since the controller was powered up. At power up the menus
are displayed in the sequence shown on page 2-5. However, once you enter and leave the menu
system, the controller “remembers” where you left. When you next access the menus, the menu
parameter that was displayed when you left (or were timed out) will again be displayed. Repeatedly
pressing the
key will cycle through the menus. Repeatedly pressing the
key while a menu name
is on display will cycle through the parameters within the menu.
18
3-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Quick Setup Instructions
d) Press
to write the choice to the controller’s database. The next parameter in
the menu (bIas) will be displayed. Most applications use the default bias value
(zero).
3. Specify the output type for output 1.
key until OutP (output) is
a) While still in the menu system, press the
displayed on the top line.
b) Once at the output menu, press
on the lower line.
to display the output 1 type parameter O1.tY
c) The output type currently assigned to output 1 will alternate with the display of
or
O1.tY. If the output has been changed from the default Pid, use the
key to display Pid.
d) To write Pid to the controller’s database, press the
parameter, O1.AC (output 1 action) will be displayed.
key once. The next
4. Specify the output 1 action, dir (direct) or rE (reverse), for output 1. Generally,
heating applications are reverse-acting and cooling applications are direct-acting.
a)
When the O1.AC parameter is on display, use the
action for your application.
or
keys to display the
b) Press the
key once to write the action choice to the database. The next
parameter, O1.CY (output 1 cycle time) will be displayed.
5. Specify the output 1 cycle time.
a)
When the O1.CY parameter is on display, use the
and
keys to display
the appropriate time for your application and the output hardware (see below).
The output hardware is specified when the controller is ordered. The location of
the output characters in the model number is shown in the installation manual
supplied with the controller. The controller’s model number is on its label.
Model Number Output
Hardware Character
Valid Cycle Times
in Seconds
B
15 to 120
E
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
F
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
G
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
S
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
T
15 to 120 (See Note 2 below.)
V
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
X
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
Y
15 to 120
Note 1: The cycle time for analog outputs must be set to 0.2 for the controller to
drive the analog signal properly.
Note 2: “T” outputs directly driving non-inductive loads (small heaters) can have
cycle times as low as 0.2 seconds.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
b) Press the
key to write the cycle time value to the controller’s database and
display the next parameter O1.LL (output 1 low limit). Most applications use the
default value.
c) Press the
key to accept the output 1 low limit default and display the next
parameter O1.HL (output 1 high limit). Most applications use the default value.
6. Specify the output type for output 2.
Important: If only one output is PID, change output 2 from the default Pid, to one of
the other choices: on.oF (on/off), Alr (alarm), or OFF.
key to display the O2.tY (output 2 type) parameter, alternating with
a) Press the
its current setting.
b) The default for output 2 is PID. If PID is not right for your application, use the
or
arrow key to display the desired output type.
key to make this selection. What parameter you see next depends
c) Press the
on the output 2 type you selected.
•
If you use PID or on/off control for output 2, you will see O2.AC (output 2
action). Go on to step 7 below.
•
If you set output 2 to off, you will again see the O1.tY (output 1 type)
parameter. Go to step 9.
•
If you plan to use output 2 for alarm annunciation (available on 16C only),
you will see 02.AA (output 2 alarm action). Read 7.5 and configure the
output alarm parameters before returning to step 9 in this section.
7. Specify the output 2 action for PID or on/off control.
a) When the O2.AC parameter is on display, use the
action for your application.
or
keys to display the
key once to write the action choice to the database. What
b) Press the
parameter you see next depends on the choice you make for the output 2 type.
•
If output 2 is PID, the next parameter, O2.CY (output 2 cycle time) will be
displayed.
•
If output 2 is on/off, configuration of output 2 has been completed, and O1.tY
will again be displayed. Go to step 9.
8. Specify the output 2 cycle time for PID control.
a) When the O2.CY parameter is on display, use the
and
keys to display
the appropriate time for your application and the output hardware (see step 5a
above).
b) Press the
key to write the value to the controller’s database and display the
next parameter O2.LL (output 2 low limit). Most applications use the default
value.
3-4
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Quick Setup Instructions
9. Make your choice of Autotune damping setting. Use this parameter to specify how
aggressively the conroller will perform Autotune.
a) Press the
key repeatedly until tune is displayed on the top line.
b) Display the current setting for the Autotune damping parameter by pressing the
key. The parameter abbreviation dPn9 will alternate with the current setting,
Lo (low), nL, (normal) or Hi (high).
c) Use the
or
key to display the appropriate setting for your application.
•
Low provides fastest recovery, but with the possibility of overshoot.
•
High provides little or no overshoot, but with slower recovery.
•
Normal is a compromise between fast recovery and overshoot.
10. Autotune the controller while the setpoint is at least 1% of the sensor span above or
below the process value. This will set the tuning parameters: proportional band,
derivative action (rate) and integral action (auto reset). (More detailed instructions for
Autotuning are in 16.2.)
key (approximately three seconds) until the top line of
a) Press and hold the
the display shows StbY alternating with the process value and the lower line
displays the setpoint.
b) Use the
and
your application.
keys to change the setpoint to a value that will be used by
c) Press and hold the
displays StbY.
key until the top line displays CtrL and the lower line
key to step through the modes until Atun is displayed.
d) Use the
or
e) Press the
key to start the autotuning operation. The display will flash tune.
f)
Do not press any keys while the Autotune is in progress, unless you want to stop
the autotuning by putting the controller into standby or manual mode. When the
controller has completed autotuning successfully, the flashing tune will
disappear. The display will revert to the normal mode operating display, with the
process value on the top line and the setpoint on the lower line.
If the Autotune was unsuccessful, the top line will briefly display Er plus a twodigit error code, then go back to flashing StbY. Refer to Section 16 for the
Autotune error codes. Fix the problem and try tuning again.
Once Autotune has been completed successfully, and the PV and SV are on display, the
controller is controlling the process.
Monitor the process. If unacceptable overshoot occurs, change the Autotune damping
setting to high and repeat the Autotune. If the process response is sluggish, change the
damping setting to low and repeat the Autotune.
Once setup is complete, we recommend changing the security access level to the most
restrictive level suitable for your application. See Section 17 for details.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
3-6
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
4. General Information About
Configuration Parameters
4.1
Information in This Section
This section contains general information about the configuration parameters used by the
1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers.19 Sections 5 through 14 contain information about
functional groups of parameters. Each section describes the parameters in a single
configuration menu. If you have used Athena Series C controllers before, and plan to
use PID control (the default), then these sections probably contain more information than
you need. Go back to Section 3. It contains instructions for doing the minimum to get a
16C, 18C, or 25C controller up and running using PID control (and most of the other
configuration defaults).
However, if you are a new user of Athena Series C controllers, or plan to use an option
you have not used before, then refer to this section, as well as Sections 5 through 14, for
the information you need.
19
The parameters apply to 1ZC controllers, even though they have no display and no keypad. Model
1ZC controllers (as well as 16C, 18C, and 25C models) can be configured using a host computer and
serial communication, with configuration software such as the Athena Multi-Comm application (using
Athena Plus protocol) or MODBUS-compliant software. For a controller to use Athena Plus protocol to
communicate with a Multi-Comm host or to use MODBUS to respond to a MODBUS master, the
controller must support serial communications and contain the appropriate communication firmware. To
determine what option(s) a new controller supports, compare the model number on the controller label
with the model number information in the installation manual supplied with the controller.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
4.2
How to Use Sections 5 through 14
You do not have to read the all of Sections 5 through 14. You can skip any sections
marked “optional” that do not apply to your control strategy. You can also skip some
parts of some of the required sections. The path you take as you read will be determined
by your control strategy.
For example, in Section 5 everyone needs to know about the information in 5.1, 5.2, 5.3,
5.4, and 5.5, so there are no stop signs to interrupt your reading. However, when you get
to the end of 5.5 you will see:
What’s next after you have specified the input type?
If you chose an RTD or thermocouple input type, go to 5.6.
If you chose a linear input type go to 5.7.
This means that you should look at either 5.6 or 5.7, but you do not have to read both. If
a parameter applies to both temperature and linear input types, the parameter description
will be repeated in 5.6 and 5.7.
4-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
General Information About Configuration Parameters
4.3
Information Provided About Each Parameter
4.3.1 Summary
Each menu consists of a functional group of parameters. For each parameter the
following information is provided:
•
parameter name (and number) – See 4.6 for information about the purpose
of this number (or alphanumeric designation).
•
abbreviated name as displayed
•
controller models that use the parameter – Note that “all” in the “used by”
paragraph means that the parameter can apply to the 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and
25C. However, even though a parameter can be used by a controller does
not mean that every control strategy uses the parameter. Read the “when
displayed” information and the description to find any special information
about the applicability of a particular parameter.
•
when displayed – This paragraph indicates whether the parameter applies
to all control strategies (“always”) or only under certain circumstances (which
are identified).
•
choices or range – If you must make a selection from a list, all the choices
are listed in the sequence in which they appear (on a 16C controller) if you
scroll through the list using the
key. If you must specify a numerical
value, then the range of valid values is defined. For some parameters the
range is reduced if a linear input is used. See 4.3.2 for details.
•
factory default value – The default value is shown for each configuration
parameter. The configuration parameters in 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers
can be returned to their default values using the procedure in 12.5.20
•
description – The purpose of the parameter and any special information you
need to know to use this parameter is provided.
•
effect on other parameters – For some parameters, additional information
is included. If applicable, this paragraph tells how the value selected for a
parameter affects other parameters.
4.3.2 Effect of Linear Input on Numerical Ranges
If the controller uses a linear input and the dSLP (display) menu dEC.p (decimal position)
parameter is not set to 0 (zero), the number of decimal places specified is always
imposed on the parameter’s value. This has the effect of reducing the range of valid
values for many parameters when a linear input is used. The parameters affected are
denoted by a cross-reference to this sub-section.
For example, suppose the range of valid values for a parameter is –1999 to 9999.
20
With the exception of the 1ZC controller ID (address), the defaults in all Series C controllers can be
returned to the factory defaults using a MODBUS write function. See Using the MODBUS Protocol with
Athena Series C Controllers for more information.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
•
If a linear input is used and the decimal position is 1, then the range for the
parameter is reduced to –199.9 to 999.9.
•
If a linear input is used and the decimal position is 2, then the range is –19.99 to
99.99.
•
If a linear input is used and the decimal position is 3 (the maximum for linear inputs),
then the range is –1.999 to 9.999.
In contrast, when a thermocouple or RTD input is used, the decimal position specified
using the dEC.p parameter in the dSLP (display) menu is a maximum. This means that
the controller applies the specified number of decimal places only if doing so does not
limit the value of the parameter. For example, suppose the range of valid values for a
parameter is –1999 to 9999.
4-4
•
If an RTD or thermocouple input is used and the decimal position is 1, then the range
for the parameter is still –1999 to 9999. If you configure a value of 1000, no decimal
places will be displayed, despite the Decimal Position setting of 1.
•
If an RTD or thermocouple input is used and the decimal position is 2 (the maximum
for temperature inputs), then the range for the parameter is still –1999 to 9999. If you
configure a value of 1000, no decimal places will be displayed, despite the decimal
position setting of 2.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
General Information About Configuration Parameters
4.4
Menu and Parameter Display Sequence
The menus and parameters are displayed in the sequence shown below. When the
controller is powered up, the menu sequence starts with the InP (input) menu. Within
the menus, the parameters are displayed in the sequence shown below. However, not
all parameters apply to every control strategy.
If a parameter does not apply to a particular control strategy, then that parameter will not
be displayed. For example, if you specify that the output 2 type is OFF, then the other
parameters used to configure output 2 will not be displayed.
When you have gone into the menu system and then exited the menus, the controller
“remembers” where you were. The next time someone accesses the menu system, the
controller will display the menu from which you left. When the
key is pressed, the
parameter displayed will not be the first one in the menu. Instead, the last parameter
accessed during the most recent configuration session (since power up) will be
displayed. For example, if you exited the menu system (or were timed out) when the
dSPL (display) menu’s Unit parameter was on display, then the next time the menu
system is accessed, the dSPL menu Unit parameter will be the first parameter
displayed.
Displayed
Abbreviation
(menu name)
Access
Levels
Described
In
InP
tYPE
bIAS
SCL.L
SCL.H
SP.LL
SP.HL
I.FIL
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
5
dSPL
dEC.P
d.FIL
Unit
bLAn
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
6
OutP
01.tY
01.Ac
01.cY
01.LL
01.HL
01.AA
01.A0
01.dL
01.IH
01.SP
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
7
CtrL
db.1
HYS.1
db.2
HYS.2
Pb1
Pb2
dEr
OFFS
Int
USEr (user) and
cnF9 (configuration) and
FaCt (factory)
8
(input)
(display)
(output)
(control)
900M050U00
Parameters
02.tY
02.Ac
02.cY
02.LL
02.HL
02.AA
02.A0
02.dL
02.IH
02.SP
 Athena Controls, Inc.
4-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Displayed
Abbreviation
(menu name)
Described
In
A2.AA
A2.AO
A2.d1
A2.IH
A2.SP
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
9
Alr
A1.AA
A1.AO
A1.d1
A1.IH
A1.SP
tune
dPnG
USEr (user) and
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
10
r-S
r.OPt
S.Srt
HLd.b
tEr.S
rcY.n
PF.re
rt1
re1
SL1
St1
SE1
.
.
.
rt8
re8
SL8
St8
SE8
USEr (user) and
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
11
SUPr
FS.01
FS.02
L.br.t
HI.rd
LO.rd
Ld.dp
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
12
CAL
FACt (factory) only
13
(calibration)
CALo
CAHi
Optn
CARd
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.4
SerL
Idno
bAUd
dAtF (Athena Plus only)
trdL (Athena Plus only)
PAr (MODBUS only)
nnod (MODBUS only)
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.5
and
14.6
C-dl
Func
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.7
(alarm)
(Autotune
damping)
(ramp/soak)
(supervisor)
(option)
(serial)
see Note 1
(contact/digital
input)
see Note 2
4-6
Access
Levels
Parameters
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
General Information About Configuration Parameters
Displayed
Abbreviation
(menu name)
Parameters
Access
Levels
Described
In
rAS
SCL.L
SCL.H
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.8
A.out
SCL.L
SCL.H
Out.U
cnF9 (configuration) and
FACt (factory)
14.7
(remote analog
setpoint)
see Note 3
(auxiliary analog
output)
See Note 4
Note 1: The serial menu is used only if the controller supports serial communications.
Note 2: The contact/digital input menu is used only if the controller hardware supports
this option.
Note 3: The remote analog setpoint menu is used only if the controller contains an
optional remote analog setpoint card.
Note 4: The auxiliary analog output menu is used only if the controller contains an
optional auxiliary analog output card.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
4.5
Using Factory Defaults
Sections 5 through 14 include the factory default value for every parameter. If you want
to use the default for a particular parameter, you do not have to take any action.
For example, suppose you want to use the defaults for the setpoint low limit and the
setpoint high limit in the input menu. Also, you know that the defaults for every
parameter in the display menu are OK for your application.
In this case, when you work your way through the input menu and get to the setpoint
limits, you can press the
key as each setpoint limit parameter is displayed to accept
the current value and move past them to the input filter parameter.
After using the
and
keys to specify an input filter value, you press the
key
to write the new value to the database. The first parameter in the input menu (Type) will
again be displayed.
You press the
key to display the abbreviated name of the next menu. It is dSPL
(display). If you know you are satisfied to use the defaults for all the display menu
parameters, you do not have to press the
key to cycle through the display
parameters.
You can immediately press the
4-8
key again to move on to the OutP (output) menu.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
General Information About Configuration Parameters
4.6
Parameter Identifiers Used by Multi-Comm Software
Throughout Sections 5 through 14 a two-digit number (or number and letter combination)
appears in parenthesis after the name of the parameter. This is the number used to
identify the parameter in the Athena Plus protocol. These numbers are included in MultiComm messages about parameters that cannot be loaded when Athena’s Multi-Comm
software is used to download a set of parameters to a Series C controller. A list of all the
Athena Plus protocol parameter numbers, cross-referenced to the names and
descriptions, is in Section 15.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
4-10
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
5. Input Parameters – Required
5.1
Introduction
If you plan to use a thermocouple or RTD input and a unit of measure other than
Fahrenheit (the default), the first step is changing the unit of measure to Celsius or
Kelvin.
Otherwise, the first step when configuring a controller is specifying the input type using
the InP (input) menu, then specifying the bias (if any) to be applied to the input, scaling
the input (linear types only), specifying the setpoint range, and setting an input filter value
(if any).
This menu is available only when the security access level is set to CnF9 (configuration)
or FACt (factory).21
5.2
Calibration Must Be Appropriate for Input Type
You do not have to calibrate every new controller. When a controller was ordered,
you specified an input type for which the unit was calibrated at the factory. This is not the
specific type chosen with the input menu tYPE (type) parameter, such as J
thermocouple, or 0 to 20 mA linear. In the context of ordering the controller, “type” refers
to these choices:
• RTD
•
•
•
•
•
compressed RTD
thermocouple
millivolt linear
volt linear
current linear input.
The controller was calibrated at the factory for the type of input specified. If you use the
controller with a different type of input, you must recalibrate as described in Section 18
22
unless you ordered the “Calibrate All” input option.
For example, if you specified when you ordered the controller that you planned to use a
thermocouple as the sensor, then you can use the input menu tYPE (type) parameter to
choose any thermocouple type: B, C, E, J, K, N, NNM, R, S, T, or Platinel II. The
controller will be calibrated appropriately at the factory. However, if you ordered
thermocouple calibration, but decide to use the controller with an RTD sensor, then you
should recalibrate before using the controller.
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the input menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
21
22
To determine whether the controller in hand was calibrated at the factory for all input types, check the
model number on the label on the controller. The meaning of each character in the model number is in
the installation manual supplied with the controller.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5.3
Input Jumper Settings Must Match Input Type
Depending on the type of input, you might also have to change jumper settings. In 1ZC,
16C, 18C, and 25C controllers, the input jumpers must be set according to the type of
input jumper category.
•
input jumper category 1 – temperature input (RTD or thermocouple) or low
voltage input (≤100 mV)
•
input jumper category 2 – high voltage input (>100 mV)
•
input jumper category 3 – current (milliamp) input
If you switch within a category, you do not have to change the jumper. For example, if
you change from RTD to thermocouple input, you do not have to change the jumper.
However, if you change from one category to another, you must set the input jumpers
accordingly. For example, if you change from RTD to current input, you must change the
jumper settings.
The input jumpers are set at the factory to match the type of input calibration
specified when the controller was ordered.23 If the “calibrate all” option was
ordered, the input jumpers will be set for a temperature input. If you plan to use
the controller with an input that does not match the factory settings, you must set
the input jumpers correctly before any configuration parameters are configured.
The location of the 16C, 18C, and 25C input jumpers JMP01 and JMP 02 on the
processor board (board on the left when facing controller) is shown below.
16C, 18C, and 25C Input Jumper Locations
23
To determine the type of input for which the controller in hand was calibrated (and for which the input
jumpers were set) at the factory, check the model number on the label on the controller. The meaning of
each character in the model number is in the installation manual supplied with the controller.
5-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Input Parameters
The location of the 1ZC input jumpers is shown below.
1ZC Input Jumper Locations
The jumper settings are summarized in the table below.
Input Jumper Category
JMP01
JMP02
out
out
Category 2 – high voltage >100 mV
in
out
Category 3 – current (milliamp)
in
in
Category 1 – thermocouple, RTD,
and low voltage ≤ 100 mV)
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
5-3
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5.4
Input Menu Parameter List
The InP (input) menu is shown in the table below. Descriptions of the individual
parameters are later in the subsection.
Item
5-4
Parameter Name
When Displayed
tYPE
Input Type
always
bIAS
Input Bias
always
SCL.L
Linear Input Scaling Low Limit
SCL.H
Linear Input Scaling High Limit
only for linear input types
(millivolt, voltage, or milliamp)
SP.LL
Setpoint Low Limit
always
SP.HL
Setpoint High Limit
always
I.FIL
Input Filter
always
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Input Parameters
The process of configuring the input parameters is diagramed below.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
5-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5.5
Specifying the Input Type
5.5.1 Parameter Used
After changing the unit of measure for temperature inputs, the next step when configuring
a controller is always specifying the input type using the InP (input) menu. The input
type is set at the factory to match the calibration type specified when the controller was
ordered. (See Note 1 on the next page.) However, the input type can be changed using
the tYPE parameter described below. If you change the input type from the factory
setting, you may also have to change the input jumper settings. See 5.3 for details.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Input Type (92)
tYPE
all controllers
always
J
E
C
b
1-5
0-10
0-5
0-1
10.50
0.100
0.50
0.10
4.20A
0.20A
rt.d
rtd
PL2
t
S
r
nn
n
CA
Default:
Description:
5-6
type J thermocouple
type E thermocouple
type C thermocouple
type B thermocouple
1 to 5 V linear
0 to 10 V linear
0 to 5 V linear
0 to 1 V linear
10 to 50 mV linear
0 to 100 mV linear
0 to 50 mV linear
0 to 10 mV linear
4 to 20 mA linear
0 to 20 mA linear
100 ohm compressed RTD with decimal support (notice
the decimal point in the parameter choice)
100 ohm platinum RTD (no decimal point)
Platinel II thermocouple
type T thermocouple
type S thermocouple
type R thermocouple
Nickel-Nickel-Molybdenum thermocouple
type n thermocouple
type K thermocouple
J thermocouple when configuration parameters are set to their
defaults using the procedure in 12.5. At the factory, the input
type of a new controller is configured to match the calibration
type purchased. See Note 1 below.
The type of input the controller algorithm will expect. The type of
input specified affects how the controller processes the input
signal and calculates the output needed to achieve the setpoint.
For example, the controller will linearize a thermocouple input.
This operation is not needed if the input type is already linear.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Input Parameters
Effect on Other
Parameters:
If you select an RTD or thermocouple input, then scaling limits
used by linear input types do not apply. The Linear Input
Scaling Low Limit (SCL.L) and Linear Input Scaling High Limit
(SCL.H) parameters will not be displayed in the input menu.
If you select rt.d (100 ohm compressed RTD with decimal
support), the Decimal Position parameter will not be displayed in
the display menu. A compressed RTD input always uses one
decimal position.
When you change the input type, parameters expressed in
engineering units will be recalculated or set to the defaults.
Note 1: The input type is configured at the factory. The type configured depends on the
input calibration type ordered. To determine the input calibration ordered for the
controller in hand, check the model number on its label. The significance of each
character in the model number is in the installation manual supplied with the controller.
The table below shows the correlation between the input character and the factory input
setting. Not every input calibration character applies to every model.
Input Calibration Model
Number Character
900M050U00
Factory Configuration for
Input Type
A
type set to J thermocouple; calibrated
for all input types
B
type set to J thermocouple; calibrated
for thermocouple and RTD
C
type set to 0 to 20 mA linear;
calibrated for current linear input
M
type set to 0 to 50 mV linear;
calibrated for millivolt linear input
R
type set to RTD; calibrated for RTD
input
S
type set to RTD with decimal support;
calibrated for RTD input
T
type set to J thermocouple; calibrated
for thermocouple input
V
0 to 5 V linear; calibrated for voltage
linear input
 Athena Controls, Inc.
5-7
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5.5.2 Procedure for Viewing the Currently Selected Input Type
To view the input type currently set for the controller:
1. Access the configuration menus by pressing the
key until a string of letters is
displayed on the top line (approximately three seconds).
2. If a menu name other than InP is displayed, press the
on the top line.
key until InP is displayed
3. If a parameter name other than tYPE is displayed on the lower line, press the
key repeatedly to step until the tYPE parameter is displayed. The display of the
parameter will alternate with the currently configured choice for this parameter. For
example, in an out-of-the box controller, tYPE will alternate with the display of J (for J
thermocouple).
5.5.3 Procedure for Changing the Input Selection
To change the input type selection:
1. Press the
key or
key to cycle through the input type choices until the input
type you want is displayed on the lower line.
2. Press the
key once to write the configuration change to the controller’s EEPROM
and display the next parameter (bias) in the input menu.
What’s next after you have specified the input type?
If you chose an RTD or thermocouple input type, go to 5.6.
If you chose a linear input type go to 5.7.
5-8
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Input Parameters
5.6
Configuring Input Parameters for RTD and Thermocouple
Input Types
5.6.1 Applying a Bias to the Temperature Input
When using an RTD or thermocouple input, you can specify the bias (if any) to be applied
to the input. Applying bias allows you to compensate for any difference between
sensor reading and the point to be measured. The displayed process variable and
setpoint will be offset by the value entered here. (You can leave the input bias set to the
default zero when setting up the controller. If the need for bias becomes evident later,
you can adjust the configured value.)
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
900M050U00
Input Bias (86)
bIAS
all controllers
always
–1000 to 1000 °F
–556 to 556 °C and °K
0
Description:
Applying bias allows you to compensate for any difference (plus
or minus) between sensor reading and the location to be
measured. The displayed process variable and setpoint will be
offset by the value entered here.
Effect on Other
Parameters:
No effect on other configuration parameters. However, the bias
will be applied to the displayed PV and the active setpoint.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5.6.2 Specifying the Setpoint Range When a Temperature Input is Used
Configure the setpoint range, that is, the range of setpoint values the operator can enter
using the 16C, 18C, and 25C front panel. This range will also apply to recipe setpoints,
that is, to soak levels specified using the ramp/soak parameters.
The Setpoint Low Limit and the Setpoint High Limit must not be set to the same value.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range
Default:
Description:
Setpoint Low Limit (89)
SP.LL
all controllers
always
sensor low limit to sensor high limit
–328 (See Note 1 below.)
This is the lowest value that can be entered by the operator as a
setpoint (before bias is applied). This limit is also applies to
ramp/soak recipe soak levels.
Setpoint High Limit (90)
SP.HL
all controllers
always
sensor low limit to sensor high limit
1400 (See Note 1 below.)
This is the highest value that can be entered by the operator as
a setpoint (before bias is applied). This limit is also applies to
ramp/soak recipe soak levels.
Note 1: The default value depends on the input type. The default value shown applies
when the input type is a J thermocouple.
5.6.3 Applying an Input Filter When a Temperature Input is Used
You can configure the controller to average the input over a period of 0.1 to 10 seconds
before it uses the input value in the control algorithm calculations.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
5-10
Input Filter (91)
I.FIL
all controllers
always
0.1 to 10.0 seconds
0.5
Used to specify the time period over which the controller will
average the input before using the input in the control algorithm.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Input Parameters
If you are using an RTD or thermocouple input type, you have
finished configuration of input parameters. The remainder of this
chapter does not apply to your application.
Go to Section 6 – Display Parameters.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5.7
Configuring Input Parameters for Linear Inputs
5.7.1 Applying a Bias to the Linear Input
When using a linear input, you can specify the bias (if any) to be applied to the input.
Applying bias allows you to compensate for any difference between sensor reading and
the point to be measured. The displayed process variable and setpoint will be offset by
the value entered here.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Input Bias (86)
bIas
all controllers
always
–1000 to 1000 (See Note 1 below.)
0
Description:
Applying bias allows you to compensate for any difference (plus
or minus) between sensor reading and the location to be
measured. The displayed process variable and setpoint will be
offset by the value entered here.
Effect on Other
Parameters:
No effect on other configuration parameters. However, the bias
will be applied to the displayed PV and the active setpoint.
Note 1: The range is reduced if a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL (display)
menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more information
about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
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Input Parameters
5.7.2 Scaling the Linear Input
When a linear input is used, the controller will scale the input based on the range you
specify. That means that you enter the PV to be represented by the input when the input
signal is at its lowest level, and the PV to be represented by the input at its highest level.
The controller divides that range into equal segments to interpret a particular input signal.
For example, suppose you use a 4 to 20 mA input to represent a PV that ranges from 0
to 170 °F. You can configure the Linear Input Scaling Low Limit as 0 and the Linear Input
Scaling High Limit as 170 °F. The controller will then be able to calculate that a one mA
change in the linear input means that the PV has changed 10 °F. A 0.1 mA change in the
input represents a 1 °F change in the PV.
The Linear Input Scaling Low Limit and the Linear Input Scaling High Limit must not be
set to the same value.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
Linear Input Scaling Low Limit (87)
SCL.L
all controllers
only when a linear input type has been selected
–1999 to 9999 (See Note 1 below.)
–1999
Used to specify the PV represented by the lowest possible linear
input signal.
Limits the valid values for the control menu’s deadband and
hysteresis parameters applied to on/off outputs, as well as for
other parameters. Determines the value displayed for the
calibration menu’s CALo (calibration low) parameter.
Linear Input Scaling High Limit (88)
SCL.H
all controllers
only when a linear input type has been selected
–1999 to 9999 (See Note 1 below.)
9999
Used to specify the PV represented by the highest possible
linear input signal.
Limits the valid values for the control menu’s deadband and
hysteresis parameters applied to on/off outputs, as well as for
other parameters. Determines the value displayed for the
calibration menu’s CAHi (calibration high parameter).
Note 1: The range is reduced if a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL (display)
menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more information
about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
5.7.3 Specifying the Setpoint Range When a Linear Input Is Used
The setpoint range, that is, the range of setpoint values the operator can enter using the
16C, 18C, and 25C front panel. This range will also apply to recipe setpoints, that is, to
soak levels specified using the ramp/soak parameters.
The Setpoint Low Limit and the Setpoint High Limit must not be set to the same value.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range
Default:
Description:
Setpoint Low Limit (89)
SP.LL
all controllers
always
limited by the scaling defined for the input using the SCL.L and
SCL.H parameters in the InP (input) menu
depends on input type
This is the lowest value that can be entered as a setpoint (before
bias is applied).
Setpoint High Limit (90)
SP.HL
all controllers
always
limited by the scaling defined for the input using the SCL.L and
SCL.H parameters in the InP (input) menu
depends on input type
This is the highest value that can be entered as a setpoint
(before bias is applied).
5.7.4 Applying an Input Filter When a Linear Input is Used
You can configure the controller to average the input over a period of 0.1 to 10 seconds
before it uses the input value in the control algorithm calculations.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
5-14
Input Filter (91)
I.FIL
all controllers
always
0.1 to 10.0 seconds
0.5
Used to specify the time period over which the controller will
average the input before using the input in the control algorithm.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
6. Display Parameters – Required
6.1
Introduction
The dSPL (display) menu is shown in the table below. Descriptions of the individual
parameters are later in the subsection.
This menu is available only when the security access level is set to CnF9 (configuration)
or FACt (factory).24
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
dEC.P
Decimal Position25
always
d.FIL
Display Filter
always
26
Unit
Unit of Measure
for RTD and thermocouple inputs only
bLAn
Setpoint Display Blanking
always
The process of configuring the display parameters is shown on the following page.
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the display menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
24
25
Even though the 1ZC has no display, you must configure the appropriate decimal position parameter
(or accept the default) because the controller uses this parameter value to determine how many decimal
places to store for the PV and SP values.
26
The controller uses this unit of measure internally and for external communication.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Yes
No
Which display parameters apply to your application?
If you chose an RTD or thermocouple input type, go to 6.2.
If you chose a linear input type go to 6.3.
6-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Display Parameters
6.2
Configuring Display Parameters for RTD and
Thermocouple Input Types
6.2.1 Choosing the Decimal Position When a Temperature Input Is Used
The decimal point location applies to all controller types, including the 1ZC model. Even
though the 1ZC has no display, you must configure the decimal position parameter (or
accept the default) because the controller uses this parameter value to determine how
many decimal places to store for the PV and SV values.
The only exception is when the input type is rt.d (100 ohm compressed RTD with
decimal support). In this case, the decimal position is always 1, and the deC.P parameter
is not displayed.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Decimal Position (B6)
dEC.P
all controllers
always (unless the input type is rt.d)
0 and 1
0
In the case of a controller using a temperature input, this
parameter is used to choose the maximum quantity of digits to
the right of the decimal point on the display, and in the PV and
SV values used in the controller’s calculations. No decimal
position will be displayed if necessary to accommodate the fourcharacter display.
6.2.2 Specifying the Display Filter When a Temperature Input Is Used
Unlike the input filter, the value entered for the display filter has no effect on control. The
input filter slows the rate at which the displayed PV is changed. The display filter is
generally used when at least one decimal place is displayed.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Display Filter (B8)
d.FIL
all except 1ZC
always
0.1 to 10.0 seconds (See Note 1 below.)
0.1
Used to specify the minimum time period between changes of
the displayed PV value.
Note 1: The range of valid values for this parameter always includes tenths values,
regardless of the deC.P (decimal position) setting.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
6.2.3 Choosing the Unit of Measure When a Temperature Input Is Used
The unit of measure applies to all controller types, including the 1ZC model. The unit of
measure specified here is used by the controller for internal operations and external
communication.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Unit of Measure (B9)
Unit
all controllers
only when an RTD or thermocouple input type has been
selected
F
C
CAY
Fahrenheit
Celsius
Kelvin
Fahrenheit
Used to choose the unit of measure used by the controller as it
interprets the input and performs output calculations.
6.2.4 Blanking the Display of the Setpoint When a Temperature Input Is
Used
If you do not want the setpoint to be displayed all the time (while the controller is
operating normally), then use the Setpoint Display Blanking parameter to specify the
length of time the setpoint should be displayed before being hidden (“blanked”). The
setpoint display will remain blank until any key is pressed. Pressing any key will cause
the controller to display the setpoint again. The setpoint will remain on display until the
period specified here has elapsed.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Setpoint Display Blanking (C1)
bLAn
all except 1ZC
always
OFF
off
10 to 9999 seconds
off
Used to specify the number of seconds the setpoint should be
displayed before the display of the setpoint goes blank.
If you are using an RTD or thermocouple input type, you have
finished configuration of display parameters. The remainder of
this chapter does not apply to your application.
Go to Section 7 – Output Parameters.
6-4
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Display Parameters
6.3
Configuring Display Parameters for Linear Input Types
6.3.1 Choosing the Decimal Position When a Linear Input Is Used
The decimal point location applies to all controller types, including the 1ZC model. Even
though the 1ZC has no display, you must configure the decimal position parameter (or
accept the default) because the controller uses this parameter value to determine how
many decimal places to store for the PV and SV values.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Decimal Position (B7)
dEC.P
all controllers
always
0, 1, 2, 3
0
In the case of a controller using a linear input, this parameter is
used to choose the quantity of digits always displayed to the
right of the decimal point on the display, and in the PV and SV
values used in the controller’s calculations. If the controller uses
a linear input and the dEC.p parameter is not set to 0 (zero), the
number of decimal places specified is always imposed on the
parameter’s value. This has the effect of reducing the range of
valid values for many parameters when a linear input is used.
See 4.3.2 for information about this effect of a linear input on
parameter ranges when a non-zero decimal position is used.
6.3.2 Specifying the Display Filter When a Linear Input Is Used
Unlike the input filter, the value entered for the display filter has no effect on control. The
input filter slows the rate at which the displayed PV is changed. The display filter is
generally used when at least one decimal place is displayed.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Display Filter (B8)
d.FIL
all except 1ZC
always
0.1 to 10.0 seconds (See Note 1 below.)
0.1
Used to specify the minimum time period between changes of
the displayed PV value.
Note 1: The range of valid values for this parameter always includes tenths values,
regardless of the deC.P (decimal position) setting.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
6-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
6.3.3 Blanking the Display of the Setpoint When a Linear Input Is Used
If you do not want the setpoint to be displayed all the time (while the controller is
operating normally), then use the Setpoint Display Blanking parameter to specify the
length of time the setpoint should be displayed before being hidden (“blanked”). The
setpoint display will remain blank until any key is pressed. Pressing any key will cause
the controller to display the setpoint again. The setpoint will remain on display until the
period specified here has elapsed.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
6-6
Setpoint Display Blanking (C1)
bLAn
all except 1ZC
always
OFF
off
10 to 9999 seconds
off
Used to specify the number of seconds the setpoint should be
displayed before the display of the setpoint goes blank.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
7. Output Parameters – Required
7.1
Introduction
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers are available with one or two standard outputs
(relay, pulsed voltage, or analog, depending on the model ordered). The way that these
standard outputs are used is determined by the way you configure the parameters in the
OutP (output) menu (shown in the table below). An additional analog output can be
ordered as an option. Use of this auxiliary output is specified using the option menu
described in 14.7.
The output menu is available only when the security access level is set to CnF9
(configuration) or FACt (factory).27
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
01.ty
Output 1 Type
always
01.Ac
Output 1 Action
only if Output 1 Type is On/Off or PID
01.cY
Output 1 Cycle Time
only if Output 1 Type is PID
O1.LL
Output 1 Low Limit
O1.HL
Output 1 High Limit
01.AA
Output 1 Alarm Action
O1.AO
Output 1 Alarm Operation
O1.dL
Output 1 Alarm Delay
O1.IH
Output 1 Alarm Inhibit
O1.SP
Output 1 Alarm Setpoint
02.ty
Output 2 Type
always (assuming the hardware supports a
second output)
02.Ac
Output 2 Action
only if Output 2 Type is On/Off or PID
02.cY
Output 2 Cycle Time
only if Output 2 Type is PID
O2.LL
Output 2 Low Limit
O2.HL
Output 2 High Limit
02.AA
Output 2 Alarm Action
O2.AO
Output 2 Alarm Operation
O2.dL
Output 2 Alarm Delay
O2.IH
Output 2 Alarm Inhibit
O2.SP
Output 2 Alarm Setpoint
only if Output 1 Type is Alarm and the
controller is a 16C (also applies to 1ZC)
only if Output 2 Type is Alarm and the
controller is a 16C (also applies to 1ZC)
27
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the output menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
The process of configuring the output parameters is shown below.
Select Alarm Operation
D1.A0
7-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Output Parameters
7.2
Specifying the Output Type
The first step in configuring use of the standard outputs is specifying the output type
(function). As described in 1.5, the 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers can be used to
implement PID or on/off control. Alternatively, model 16C and 1ZC controllers’ standard
outputs can be used for alarm annunciation as described in 1.6.
If the controller was ordered with two standard outputs, then two different output types
can be chosen.
The function of the optional auxiliary analog output is not configured using this menu.
The auxiliary output function is specified using the Aout menu (see 14.7).
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
Output 1 Type (94) and Output 2 Type28 (A5)
O1.tY and 02.tY
all controllers
always
OFF
Alr
onoF
Pid
disabled
alarm 16C (and 1ZC) only
On/Off
PID
PID
Used to choose the function of each standard output.
The choice made here for output 1 or output 2 determines what
other parameters are displayed in the output menu for output 1
or output 2.
The output type selected also affects the parameters displayed
in the control menu.
If an output is disabled or used for alarm annunciation, then that
output’s failsafe output percentage parameter will not be
displayed in the supervisor menu.
If both outputs are configured for use as alarms, then the
ramp/soak menu will not be displayed.
What’s next after specifying the output type?
If you chose OFF for Output 1, specify the type for Output 2.
If you chose on/off for an output, go to 7.3.
If you chose PID control for an output, go to 7.4
If you chose alarm for an output, go to 7.5.
28
All the output 1 parameters applicable to the type selected are displayed before the Output 2 type
parameter is displayed.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
7.3
Choosing the Output Action for On/Off Control
When the output type is set to on/off, only one other output parameter must be
configured: output action.
When an output is used for on/off control, it can be either direct or reverse acting.
•
When the on/off output action is configured for reverse action (heating
applications), the controller will apply 100% output if the process temperature is
below the setpoint and 0% if the PV is at the SV.
•
When the on/off output action is configured for direct action (cooling
applications), the controller will apply 100% output if the process temperature is
above the setpoint and 0% if the PV is at the SV.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Output 1 Action (95) and Output 2 Action (A6)
O1.AC and O2.AC
all controllers
if output type is on/off or PID
dir
rE
direct
reverse
output 1: reverse
output 2: direct
Used to specify whether the output will be direct-acting or
reverse-acting.
If you are using an on/off output, you have finished configuration
of that output’s parameters. The remainder of this section does
not apply to on/off outputs.
If only one output has been configured, go back to 7.2 to specify
the type for the other output.
If both outputs have been configured, go to Section 8 – Control
Parameters.
7-4
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Output Parameters
7.4
Configuring Output Parameters for PID Control
7.4.1 Choosing the Output Action for PID Control
When an output is used for PID control, it can be either direct or reverse acting.
•
When the PID output action is configured for reverse action (heating
applications), the proportional band is initially applied below the setpoint.
•
When the PID output action is configured for direct action (cooling applications),
the proportional band is initially applied above the setpoint.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
900M050U00
Output 1 Action (95) and Output 2 Action (A6)
O1.AC and O2.AC
all controllers
if output type is on/off or PID
dir
rE
direct
reverse
output 1: reverse
output 2: direct
Used to specify whether the output will be direct-acting or
reverse-acting.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
7-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
7.4.2 Specifying the Cycle Time for PID Control
When an output is used for PID control, you must specify a cycle time that is appropriate
for your application and the output hardware (see below). The cycle time enables you to
use a discrete output device, such as a solid state relay, to achieve PID control.
For example, suppose the cycle time is set to 10 seconds and the control algorithm
calculates that the output percentage should be 50%. A normally open relay will be
closed for 5 seconds and open for 5 seconds in each ten second cycle. If the output
percentage changes to 70%, the relay will be closed for 7 seconds and open for 3
seconds in each ten second cycle.
The cycle time parameter must be configured, even if the controller is equipped with
analog outputs. In the case of analog outputs, the cycle time entered must be 0.2
seconds. This will have the effect of producing the correctly proportioned analog output
signal.
The output hardware is specified when the controller is ordered. The location of the
output characters in the model number is shown in the installation manual supplied with
the controller. The controller’s model number is on its label.
Model Number Output
Hardware Character
Valid Cycle Times
in Seconds
B
15 to 120
E
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
F
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
G
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
S
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
T
15 to 120 (See Note 2 below.)
V
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
X
0.2 (See Note 1 below.)
Y
15 to 120
Note 1: The cycle time for analog outputs must to set to 0.2 for the controller to
drive the analog output properly.
Note 2: “T” outputs directly driving non-inductive loads (small heaters) can have
cycle times as low as 0.2 seconds.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
7-6
Output 1 Cycle Time 1 (A2) and Output 2 Cycle Time (B3)
O1.Cy and O2.Cy
all controllers
if output type is PID
see table above
5 seconds
Used to specify the period of time in which the output completes
an on-off cycle.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Output Parameters
7.4.3 Specify the PID Output Range
If the controlled field device should never be fully off and/or fully on, you can limit the
range of the output when PID is used. The range defined here affects both:
•
the control algorithm’s output when the controller is in normal (automatic) mode, and
•
the fixed output percentage the operator can enter when the controller is in manual
mode.
For example, suppose the lowest input the controlled device should receive is 30% of the
analog output’s range (or the discrete output’s cycle time), and the maximum input the
controlled device should receive is 70% of the analog output’s range (or the discrete
output’s cycle time). In this case you set the O1.LL = 30 and the O1.HL = 70.
•
If the controller uses a 0 to 20 mA output, then the lowest output signal sent to the
field device in our example is 6 mA (30% of 20 mA), even if the process variable
requires no correction. The highest output signal sent to the controller is 14 mA
(70% of 20 mA).
•
If the controller uses a normally open relay as its output, then the lowest percentage
of the cycle time the relay would be closed is 30% of the cycle time, and the highest
percentage of the cycle time the relay is closed is 70%. If the cycle time configured
with the O1.CY parameter is 10 seconds, then the relay is never closed for less than 3
seconds (30% of 10 seconds), even if the process variable requires no correction.
The relay is never closed for more than 7 seconds (70% of 10 seconds).
The limits apply to both normal (automatic) mode and manual mode. In our example, the
operator can never turn off the field device using the controller while the output limits are
set to 30 and 70, regardless of whether the controller is in auto or manual mode.
The lower and upper output limits should not be set to the same value.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
900M050U00
Output 1 Low Limit (A3) and Output 2 Low Limit (B4)
O1.LL and O2.LL
all controllers
if output type is PID
0 to 100 percent
0
Used to specify the lowest percentage used for the output in
both manual and normal (automatic) modes.
No effect on other configuration parameters. However, it limits
the allowable range for the fixed output percent in manual mode.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
7-7
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
7-8
Output 1 High Limit (A4) and Output 2 High Limit (B5)
O1.HL and O2.HL
all controllers
if output type is PID
0 to 100 percent
100
Used to specify the highest percentage used for the output in
both manual and normal (automatic) modes.
No effect on other configuration parameters. However, it limits
the allowable range for the fixed output percent in manual mode.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Output Parameters
7.5
Configuring Output Parameters for Alarm Annunciation –
1ZC and 16C Only
7.5.1 Choosing the Alarm Action
The first step in configuring an output to be used for alarm annunciation is to choose the
alarm action. The choices are:
•
OFF (off) – The alarm output will not be used.
•
nor (normal) – The output will go to the alarm state when the process value
triggers the alarm and go out of the alarm state when the alarm condition has
been cleared.
•
Lat (latching) – Once the output goes to the alarm state, the output will
remain in the alarm state until the operator presses the
key, even if the
alarm condition has been cleared before the operator presses the key.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
900M050U00
Output 1 Alarm Action (96) and Output 2 Alarm Action (A7)
O1.AA and O2.AA
1ZC and 16C only (16C, 18C, and 25C controllers support the
alarm parameters described in Section 9)
if output type is alarm
OFF
nor
Lat
off
normal
latching
off
Used to choose the function of the alarm output.
If off is chosen, then no other output alarm parameters are
displayed.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
7-9
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
7.5.2 Choosing the Alarm Operation
The second step in configuring an output to be used for alarm annunciation is to choose
the alarm operation. The choices are:
•
process alarm – Activated when the process variable reaches the alarm value
(alarm setpoint parameter value), independent of the PV’s relationship to the
process setpoint. A high process alarm activates at and above the alarm
setpoint. A low process alarm activates at and below the alarm setpoint. For
example, if you want an alarm to alert the operator when the PV goes up to 200,
then configure the alarm as a high process alarm, and specify the alarm setpoint
as 200.
•
deviation alarm – Activated when the process variable deviates from the
process setpoint by the amount specified using the alarm value (alarm setpoint
parameter value). A high deviation alarm activates when the PV is above the
process setpoint by the amount specified using the alarm value. A low deviation
alarm activates when the PV is below the process setpoint by the amount
specified using the alarm value. For example, if you want an alarm to alert the
operator when the PV is 50 below the setpoint, then configure the alarm as a low
deviation alarm, and specify the alarm value (using the alarm setpoint parameter)
as 50.
•
inverse band alarm – Activated when the process value is within a specified
band centered around the setpoint. For example, if you want the alarm to alert
the operator when the PV is 10 units (or less) above or below the process
setpoint, then configure the alarm as an inverse band alarm, and specify 10 for
the alarm setpoint parameter value.
•
normal band alarm – Activated when the process value is outside a specified
band centered around the setpoint. For example, if you want the alarm to alert
the operator when the PV is 10 units (or more) above or below the process
setpoint, then configure the alarm as a normal band alarm, and specify 10 for the
alarm setpoint parameter value.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
7-10
Output 1 Alarm Operation (97) and Output 2 Alarm
Operation (A8)
O1.AO and O2.A0
1ZC and 16C (16C, 18C, and 25C controllers support the alarm
parameters described in Section 9)
if output type is alarm and output alarm action is not off
Pro.L
Pro.H
in.b
nor.b
de.L
de.H
low process alarm
high process alarm
inverse band
normal band
low deviation alarm
high deviation alarm
output 1: process low
output 2: process high
Used to choose the alarm operation.
Determines how the value of the O1.SP or O2.SP (alarm setpoint)
parameter is used.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Output Parameters
7.5.3 Specifying the Alarm Delay – Optional
If you specify an alarm delay, then when the controller detects an alarm condition, the
alarm output will not be activated until the alarm delay time has passed. Use the alarm
delay to reduce nuisance alarms for transient conditions that are corrected without any
operator action.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Output 1 Alarm Delay (98) and Output 2 Alarm Delay (A9)
O1.dL and O2.dL
1ZC and 16 C (16C, 18C, and 25C controllers support the alarm
parameters described in Section 9)
if output type is alarm and output alarm action is not off
0 to 9999 seconds
0
Used to specify the number of seconds the controller should wait
before signaling an alarm condition.
7.5.4 Inhibiting the Alarm– Optional
Unless the output will be used to signal a ramp/soak event, you can configure an inhibit
time for the alarm. If you specify an alarm inhibit time, the controller will not activate the
alarm output following power up until the alarm inhibit time has elapsed. This is
particularly useful for preventing activation of low alarms during startup (before the
process has had time to reach operating temperature).
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
900M050U00
Output 1 Alarm Inhibit (99) and Output 2 Alarm Inhibit (B0)
O1.IH and O2.IH
1ZC and 16 C (16C, 18C, and 25C controllers support the alarm
parameters described in Section 9)
if output type is alarm and output alarm action is not off
0 to 9999 seconds
0
Used to specify the number of seconds the controller should wait
after power up before signaling an alarm condition.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
7.5.5 Specifying the Alarm Value (Setpoint)
How the alarm setpoint value is used depends on the type of alarm.
•
process alarm – activated when process value reaches the value specified
with the output alarm setpoint parameter
•
deviation alarm – activated when process value differs from the process
setpoint by the value specified with the output alarm setpoint parameter
•
inverse band alarm – activated when the PV is inside a band centered
around the setpoint; the width of the band on either side of the setpoint is
specified with the output alarm setpoint parameter
•
normal band alarm – activated when the PV is outside a band centered
around the setpoint; the width of the band on either side of the setpoint is
specified with the output alarm setpoint parameter
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Output 1 Alarm Setpoint and Output 2 Alarm Setpoint
(See Note 2 below)
O1.SP and O2.SP
1ZC and 16 C (16C, 18C, and 25C controllers support the alarm
parameters described in Section 9)
if output type is alarm and output alarm action is not event
RTD and thermocouple input types: sensor low limit to sensor
high limit
linear input types: limited by the scaling defined for the input
using the SCL.L and SCL.H parameters in the InP (input) menu
(See Note 1 below.)
process alarm: 77
deviation, inverse band, normal band: 1728
Used to specify the alarm setpoint (process alarm), the alarm
limit (deviation alarm), or the width of the alarm band on either
side of the setpoint (inverse and normal band alarms)
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
Note 2: The Athena Plus protocol code numbers used for these parameters depends on
the alarm operation as shown in the table.
If alarm operation is:
7-12
Output 1 alarm setpoint
code is:
Output 2 alarm setpoint
code is:
process alarm
A0
B1
deviation alarm
A1
B2
inverse band
A1
B2
normal band
A1
B2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
8. Control Parameters – Required If Outputs
Are Used for Control
8.1
Introduction
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers all support both PID and on/off control. If the
controller is equipped with two standard outputs, the outputs can be configured for two
different types of control. For information about the types of applications that are suitable
for each type of control, see 1.5.
The parameters used to customize the control operation are in the CtrL (control) menu.
This menu is available only when the security access level is set to CnF9 (configuration)
or FACt (factory).29
If both outputs are configured for use with alarms or turned off (using the output 1 type
and output 2 type parameters), then the CtrL (control) menu will not be displayed.
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
db.1
Deadband for Output 1
only if output 1 type is on/off
HYS.1
Hysteresis for Output 1
only if output 1 type is on/off
db.2
Deadband for Output 2
only if output 2 type is on/off
HYS.2
Hysteresis for Output 2
only if output 2 type is on/off
Pb1
Proportional Band 1
only if output 1 type is PID
Pb2
Proportional Band 2
only if output 2 type is PID, and output 1 and
output 2 are not both set to the same action
(see Note 1)
der
Derivative (Rate) Action
only if output 1 or output 2 type is PID (see
Note 2)
OFFs
Offset (Manual Reset)
only if output 1 or output 2 type is PID (see
Notes 2 and 3)
Int
Integral Action (Auto Reset)
only if output 1 or output 2 type is PID, and
the value of OFFS = 0 (see Notes 2 and 3)
Note 1: If output 1 and output 2 are both set to PID direct action, or if both outputs are
set to PID reverse action, then the controller applies the same proportional band to both
outputs. The Pb.2 parameter is not needed, so it is not displayed when you step through
the control menu.
Note 2: If both outputs are PID, then the values specified for der, OFFS, and Int are
applied to both outputs.
Note 3: The controller uses either a manual reset value or an integral action value, not
both.
29
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the control menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
8-1
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
The process of configuring the control parameters is shown below.
Is Output 2
Type PID?
See Note 2
Is Output 2
Type PID?
See Note1
Which control parameters apply to your application?
If you chose on/off for an output in Section 7, then go to 8.2.
If you chose PID control for an output in Section 7, go to 8.3.
8-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Control Parameters
8.2
Configuring Control Parameters for On/Off Control
8.2.1 Introduction
On/off control has two states, fully off and fully on. To prevent rapid cycling, the
controllers allow you to configure a deadband and a hysteresis value as described in
1.5.3.
8.2.2 Specifying the Deadband for On/Off Control
Parameter Name:
Deadband for Output 1 (20) and Deadband for Output 2 (37)
Name as Displayed:
db.1 and db.2
Used By:
all controllers
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
if output type is on/off
RTD and thermocouple input types: negative sensor span to
positive sensor span
linear input types: limited by the scaling defined for the input
using the input menu (See Note 1 below.)
1
If a deadband value is applied to an output, it has the effect of
shifting the setpoint and the hysteresis for that output. That is,
the deadband for each output moves the “off” transition away
from the setpoint, and pushes the “on” transition away by an
equal amount. For a heating (reverse-acting) output, a positive
deadband value moves the setpoint used by the controller below
the displayed setpoint. For a cooling (direct-acting) output, a
positive deadband value moves the setpoint used by the
controller above the setpoint displayed. (A negative deadband
value has the opposite effect.)
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
8-3
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
8.2.3 Applying Hysteresis to On/Off Control
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Hysteresis for Output 1 (21) and Hysteresis for Output 2 (38)
HYS.1 and HYS.2
all controllers
if input type is on/off
RTD and thermocouple input types: 0 to positive sensor span
linear input types: limited by the scaling defined for the input
using the input menu (See Note 1 below.)
1
The hysteresis value represents a temperature value that the
controller uses to move the “on” and “off” transitions away from
the setpoint by an amount equal to half the configured hysteresis
value.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
If you are configuring control parameters for an on/off output, you
are finished configuring the control parameters that apply to that
output. The remainder of this section does not apply to on/off
outputs.
If both outputs will be used for control, but control parameters for
only one output have been configured, configure the control
parameters for the second output.
8-4
•
If you chose on/off for the second output, configure the
deadband and hysteresis for the second output as
described here in 8.2.
•
If you chose PID control for the other output, go to 8.3.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Control Parameters
8.3
Configuring Control Parameters for PID Control
8.3.1 Introduction
When Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control is used, the controller modulates
output power by adjusting the output power percentage within a proportional band.
Power is proportionally reduced as the process temperature gets closer to the setpoint
temperature. The integral action affects the output based on the duration of the process
value’s variation from the setpoint, and the derivative action affects the output based on
the rate of change of the process value.
The values of the PID tuning parameters are automatically adjusted during the Autotune
procedure (see 16.2).
Unless you want to tune the controller manually as described in 16.3, do not alter the
tuning parameters Proportional Band for Output 1, Proportional Band for Output 2,
Derivative (Rate) Action, and Integral Action (Auto Reset). If you enter a non-zero value
for the manual offset, the controller will ignore it when you do Autotune. The controller
uses only one reset, either auto or manual.
8.3.2 Specifying the Proportional Band for Manual Tuning of PID Control
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
Proportional Band for Output 1 (22) and Proportional Band
for Output 2 (23)
Pb.1 and Pb.2
all controllers
When Displayed:
if output 1 or output 2 type is PID; if both output 1 and output 2
are direct acting or reverse acting, then only Pb.1 is displayed
and applied to both outputs.
Range:
RTD and thermocouple input types: 0.6 to sensor span
linear input types: 1 to value of the SCL.H parameter in the InP
(input) menu. (See Note 1 below.)
Default:
Description:
100
Used to specify the width of the band above (direct-acting
outputs) or below (reverse-acting outputs) the setpoint within
which the controller will modulate the output as the process
value approaches the setpoint.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
8-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
8.3.3 Specifying the Derivative (Rate) Action for Manual Tuning of PID
Control
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Derivative (30)
dEr
all controllers
if output 1 or output 2 type is PID
0.0 to 0.9, 1 to 2400 seconds (See Notes 1 and 2 below.)
0.0
Used to specify the time period used by the derivative
component of the control algorithm when analyzing load
changes.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
Note 2: This parameter is a special case. Even if the value of the dSPL (display) menu
dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is 2 or 3 (which is permitted when a linear input is
used), the maximum number of decimal places applied to the PID derivative (rate) action
is 1 (the tenths position).
8.3.4 Specifying the Offset (Manual Reset) for Manual Tuning of PID
Control
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Offset (Manual Reset) (34)
OFFS
all controllers
if output 1 or output 2 type is PID
–100 to 100 percent (See Note 1 below.)
0
Used to specify a fixed amount that the proportional band will be
offset up (positive) or down (negative). The result is an increase
or decrease of power applied at the setpoint to compensate for
proportional control offset error.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
8-6
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Control Parameters
8.3.5 Integral Action (Automatic Reset) Calculated Automatically During
Autotune for PID Control
This parameter is not used in manual tuning. If you assign a non-zero value to the
manual offset OFFS parameter, then this parameter Int will not be displayed.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Integral Action (Automatic Reset) (32)
Int
all controllers
if output 1 or output 2 type is PID
0.0 to 0.9, 1 to 9600 seconds (See Notes 1 and 2 below.)
0.0
Used by the Autotune operation to store the automatic reset
value.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
Note 2: This parameter is a special case. Even if the value of the dSPL (display) menu
dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is 2 or 3 (which is permitted when a linear input is
used), the maximum number of decimal places applied to the integral offset (automatic
reset) action is 1 (the tenths position).
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
8-7
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
8-8
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
9. Alarm Parameters – Optional
9.1
Introduction
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers all have two alarm LEDs on the front panel. Each of
these LEDs is associated with an alarm. Each alarm can be configured to be activated
(light the LED) when a specific condition exists. Alarm configuration is done using the
Alr (alarm) menu. This menu is available only when the security access level is set to
CnF9 (configuration) or FACt (factory).30
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers can all be ordered with two dedicated optional alarm
outputs.31 The operation and action of these alarm outputs is tied to the alarm menu
parameters that affect alarm annunciation using the LEDs.
See 1.6 for a more detailed discussion of your options for alarm annunciation using the
1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers, and the types of alarm actions supported.
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
A1.AA
Alarm 1 Action
always
A1.AO
Alarm 1 Operation
if alarm 1 action is not off or event
A1.dl
Alarm 1 Delay
if alarm 1 action is not off or event
A1.IH
Alarm 1 Inhibit
if alarm 1 action is not off or event
A1.SP
Alarm 1 Setpoint
if alarm 1 action is not off or event
A2.AA
Alarm 2 Action
always
A2.AO
Alarm 2 Operation
if alarm 2 action is not off or event
A2.dl
Alarm 2 Delay
if alarm 2 action is not off or event
A2.IH
Alarm 2 Inhibit
if alarm 2 action is not off or event
A2.SP
Alarm 2 Setpoint
if alarm 2 action is not off or event
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the alarm menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
30
31
Refer to the Athena catalog (or the model number breakdown in the installation manuals supplied with
the controllers) for details on the types of outputs available.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
9-1
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
The process of configuring the alarm parameters is shown below.
9-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Alarm Parameters
9.2
Configuring Alarm Parameters
9.2.1 Choosing the Alarm Action
The first step in configuring an alarm is to choose the alarm action. The choices are:
•
OFF (off) – The alarm will not be used.
•
nor (normal) – The LED will be lit (and the optional alarm output activated)
when the process value triggers the alarm and be turned off when the alarm
condition has been cleared.
•
Lat (latching) – Once the LED is lit (and optional alarm output activated),
the LED will remain lit (and the output will remain in the alarm state) until the
operator presses the
key, even if the alarm condition has cleared before
the operator presses the key.
•
Eunt (event) – This special use of an alarm LED (and optional alarm output)
indicates that the controller has reached a particular point in a ramp/soak
recipe. Setting the alarm action to “event” reserves the alarm for use by a
ramp/soak recipe. However, the specific recipe event(s) that will trigger the
alarm are configured using the r-S (ramp/soak) menu as described in 11.4.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
32
Alarm 1 Action (C2) and Alarm 2 Action32 (C8)
A1.AA and A2.AA
all except 1ZC
always
OFF
nor
Lat
Eunt
off
normal
latching
event
off
Used to choose the function of the alarm.
If event is chosen, then no other alarm parameters are
displayed, and the ramp event and soak event parameters as
described in 11.4.are available for configuration.
All the alarm 1 parameters are displayed before the alarm 2 action parameter is displayed.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
9.2.2 Choosing the Alarm Operation
Unless the output will be used to signal ramp/soak recipe event, the second step in
configuring an alarm is to choose the alarm operation. The choices are:
•
process alarm – Activated when the process variable reaches the alarm value
(alarm setpoint parameter value), independent of the PV’s relationship to the
process setpoint. A high process alarm activates at and above the alarm
setpoint. A low process alarm activates at and below the alarm setpoint. For
example, if you want an alarm to alert the operator when the PV goes up to 200,
then configure the alarm as a high process alarm, and specify the alarm setpoint
as 200.
•
deviation alarm – Activated when the process variable deviates from the
process setpoint by the amount specified using the alarm value (alarm setpoint
parameter value). A high deviation alarm activates when the PV is above the
process setpoint by the amount specified using the alarm value. A low deviation
alarm activates when the PV is below the process setpoint by the amount
specified using the alarm value. For example, if you want an alarm to alert the
operator when the PV is 50 below the setpoint, then configure the alarm as a low
deviation alarm, and specify the alarm value (using the alarm setpoint parameter)
as 50.
•
inverse band alarm – Activated when the process value is within a specified
band centered around the setpoint. For example, if you want the alarm to alert
the operator when the PV is 10 units (or less) above or below the process
setpoint, then configure the alarm as an inverse band alarm, and specify 10 for
the alarm setpoint parameter value.
•
normal band alarm – Activated when the process value is outside a specified
band centered around the setpoint. For example, if you want the alarm to alert
the operator when the PV is 10 units (or more) above or below the process
setpoint, then configure the alarm as a normal band alarm, and specify 10 for the
alarm setpoint parameter value.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
9-4
Alarm 1 Operation (C3) and Alarm 2 Operation (C9)
A1.AO and A2.A0
all except 1ZC
if alarm action is not event
Pro.L
Pro.H
in.b
nor.b
de.L
de.H
low process alarm
high process alarm
inverse band
normal band
low deviation alarm
high deviation alarm
alarm 1: process high
alarm 2: process low
Used to choose the alarm operation.
Determines how the value of the A1.SP or A2.SP (alarm setpoint)
parameter is used.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Alarm Parameters
9.2.3 Specifying the Alarm Delay – Optional
Unless the alarm will be used to signal ramp/soak recipe event, you can configure an
alarm delay. If you specify an alarm delay, then when the controller detects an alarm
condition, the alarm will not be activated until the alarm delay time has passed. Use the
alarm delay to reduce nuisance alarms for transient conditions that are corrected without
any operator action.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Alarm 1 Delay (C4) and Alarm 2 Delay (D0)
A1.dL and A2.dL
all except 1ZC
if alarm action is not event
0 to 9999 seconds
0
Used to specify the number of seconds the controller should wait
before signaling an alarm condition.
9.2.4 Inhibiting the Alarm– Optional
Unless the alarm will be used to signal a ramp/soak event, you can configure an inhibit
time for the alarm. If you specify an alarm inhibit time, the controller will not activate the
alarm following power up until the alarm inhibit time has elapsed. This is particularly
useful for preventing activation of low alarms during startup (before the process has had
time to reach operating temperature).
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
900M050U00
Alarm 1 Inhibit (C5) and Alarm 2 Alarm Inhibit (D1)
A1.IH and A2.IH
all except 1ZC
if alarm action is not event
0 to 9999 seconds
0
Used to specify the number of seconds the controller should wait
after power up before signaling an alarm condition.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
9-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
9.2.5 Specifying the Alarm Value (Setpoint)
How the alarm setpoint value is used depends on the type of alarm.
•
process alarm – activated when process value reaches the value specified
with the alarm setpoint parameter
•
deviation alarm – activated when process value differs from the process
setpoint by the value specified with the alarm setpoint parameter
•
inverse band alarm – activated when the PV is inside a band centered
around the setpoint; the width of the band above and below the setpoint is
specified with the alarm setpoint parameter
•
normal band alarm – activated when the PV is outside a band centered
around the setpoint; the width of the band above and below the setpoint is
specified with the alarm setpoint parameter
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Alarm 1 Setpoint and Alarm 2 Setpoint (See Note 2 below)
A1.SP and A2.SP
all except 1ZC
if alarm action is not event
RTD and thermocouple input types: sensor low limit to sensor
high limit
linear input types: limited by the scaling defined for the input
using the SCL.L and SCL.H parameters in the InP (input) menu
(See Note 1 below.)
process alarm: 77
deviation, inverse band, normal band: 1728
Used to specify the alarm setpoint (process alarm), the alarm
limit (deviation alarm), or the width of the alarm band (inverse
and normal band alarms)
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
Note 2: The Athena Plus protocol code numbers used for these parameters depends on
the alarm operation as shown in the table.
If alarm operation is:
9-6
Alarm 1 setpoint code is:
Alarm 2 setpoint code is:
process alarm
C6
D2
deviation alarm
C7
D3
inverse band
C7
D3
normal band
C7
D3
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
10. Autotune Damping Parameter –
Recommended
10.1 Introduction
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers all support Autotune for PID control. The tunE
(Autotune damping) menu contains a single parameter used to control how aggressively
the controller performs its Autotuning operation.
The choices are:
•
low – provides fastest recovery, but with the possibility of overshoot
•
high – provides little or no overshoot, but with slower recovery
•
normal – a compromise between fast recovery and overshoot
This menu is available only if at least one output is set to PID control. In addition, for this
menu to be accessible, the security access level is set to USEr, (user), CnF9
(configuration) or FACt (factory).33
10.2 Configuring the Autotune Damping Parameter
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
Autotune Damping (39)
dPnG
all controllers
The tune menu is displayed only if at least one output type is
PID. If the menu is displayed, then this parameter is displayed.
Lo
nL
Hi
low
normal
high
normal
Used to choose how aggressively the controller performs
Autotune.
Affects the automatic tuning implemented using the parameters
in the control menu.
33
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the Autotune damping menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level.
Instructions for changing the access level are in Section 17.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
10-1
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
10-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
11. Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters –
Optional
11.1 Introduction
The 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C can all be configured to execute ramp/soak recipes on
demand. A recipe consists of up to eight segments. For each segment you can
configure a unique ramp time, soak level (setpoint), and soak time. As the controller
executes a segment, the controller gradually (over the period of the ramp time) changes
the currently used setpoint up or down until the setpoint reaches the soak level. During
the duration of the soak time, the controller maintains the setpoint at the specified soak
level. When the soak time has elapsed, the controller executes the next segment of the
recipe.
If at least one front panel alarm was configured for “events”, then you can activate and
deactivate an alarm based on the recipe reaching particular events in its execution, such
as the start of a numbered soak period.
If your process is not responsive enough to achieve the setpoint within the ramp time (or
maintain the soak level for the entire soak time), you can use the recipe “holdback”
parameter to “stop the clock” on the ramp time (and soak time) if the setpoint differs too
much from the process value.
Execution of a recipe can be started, paused, resumed, and terminated using the front
panel (or an optional contact/digital input) on the 16C, 18C, and 25C, or on any of the
controllers (including the 1ZC) using the optional serial communications interface.
Alternatively, all these controllers can be configured to execute a single gradual ramp to
setpoint at startup or on demand.
If both outputs are configured for use with alarms or turned off (using the output type
parameters), then the ramp/soak menu will not be displayed. However, if at least one
output is available for control, then the r-S (ramp/soak) menu will be available if the
security access level is set to USEr, (user), CnF9 (configuration) or FACt (factory).34
34
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the ramp/soak menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
r.Opt
Recipe Option
always (assuming the menu is displayed
because an output is available for control)
s.s.r.t
Single-Setpoint Ramp Time
if recipe option is single-setpoint ramp
HLd.b
Recipe Holdback
always
tEr.S
Recipe Termination State
always
rcY.n
Recipe Recycle Number
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
PF.rE
Resume from Power Failure
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
rt1
Ramp Time 1
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
rE1
Ramp Event 1
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
and at least one alarm has been reserved
for use by the ramp/soak function35
SL1
Soak Level 1
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
St1
Soak Time 1
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
sE1
Soak Event 1
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
and at least one alarm has been reserved
for use by the ramp/soak function
rt8
Ramp Time 8
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
rE8
Ramp Event 8
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
and at least one alarm has been reserved
for use by the ramp/soak function
SL8
Soak Level 8
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
St8
Soak Time 8
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
SE8
Soak Event 8
if recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
and at least one alarm has been reserved
for use by the ramp/soak function
35
Use the alarm 1 action and/or alarm 2 action in the alarm menu to reserve alarm(s) for use by the
ramp/soak function.
11-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters
The process of configuring the ramp/soak parameters is shown below.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
11.2 Specifying the Recipe Option
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
Recipe Option (40)
r.Opt
all controllers
When Displayed:
if at least one output type is on/off or PID
Choices:
dis
disabled
8.r.S eight-segment ramp/soak recipe
S.SP.r single-setpoint ramp
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
disabled
Used to choose the ramp/soak function (if any) to be used.
The choice made here affects what other parameters are
displayed in the ramp/soak menu.
What’s next after specifying the recipe option?
If you chose “disabled”, go to Section 12 to configure the
Supervisor menu parameters.
If you chose “single-setpoint ramp”, go to 11.3.
If you chose “eight-segment ramp/soak recipe, go to 11.4.
11-4
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters
11.3 Configuring Single-Setpoint Ramp Parameters
11.3.1 Specifying the Ramp Time for a Single-Setpoint Ramp
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Single-Setpoint Ramp Time (41)
S.S.r.t
all controllers
if the recipe option is single-setpoint ramp
1 to 9999 minutes
1
Used to specify the time period over which the setpoint will be
ramped at start up from the starting process value to the
configured setpoint.
11.3.2 Specifying the Optional Recipe Holdback for a Single Setpoint Ramp
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Recipe Holdback (83)
HLd.b
all controllers
always
thermocouple and RTD input types:
off
0.1 to 100 °F
0.1 to 55.6 °C or °K
linear input types:
off
1 to 100 (See Note 1 below.)
Default:
10
Description:
Used to specify the maximum number of units that the controller
will allow the setpoint to differ from the process value before
“stopping the clock” on the ramp time. The controller will “hold
back” the SV until the PV differs from the SV by no more than
the holdback value.
Effect on Other
Parameters:
When a holdback has been configured, the single-setpoint ramp
time is used as a minimum ramp time.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
11.3.3 Specifying What Happens at the Conclusion of the Single-Setpoint
Ramp Time
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Termination State (84)
tEr.S
all controllers
always
dEFt
LASt
StbY
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
normal mode using default setpoint (setpoint displayed
on front panel)
normal mode using last setpoint reached (same as
default for single-setpoint ramp option)
put controller in standby mode
put controller in standby mode
Used to specify what happens at the conclusion of the ramp
time.
No effect on other configuration parameters. Does affect
setpoint and controller mode of operation. Applied only if the
ramp is allowed to run to completion. If the operator terminates
the ramp up to setpoint by changing the controller mode, the
setpoint used will be the setpoint in effect when the operator
changed the mode.
If you are using the single-setpoint ramp option, you are finished
configuring the recipe parameters. The remainder of this section
does not apply to the single-setpoint ramp option.
Go to Section 12 – Supervisor Parameters.
11-6
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters
11.4 Configuring Multi-Step Ramp/Soak Parameters
11.4.1 Introduction
When the eight-segment ramp/soak recipe option has been selected, several parameters
can be configured that apply to the entire recipe. These include:
•
recipe holdback that prevents the setpoint from getting too far ahead of the process
value
•
termination state that determines what happens when execution of the recipe has
been completed
•
recipe recycle number used to specify the number of additional times the recipe
should be executed once started; this can also be use to set the recipe for
continuous execution
•
resume from power failure parameter which controls whether execution of a recipe is
resumed after a power failure
After these parameters that apply to the entire recipe have been configured, you
configure up to eight individual segments.36 Each consists of a ramp time, a soak level
(setpoint) and a soak time. In addition, if at least one alarm has been reserved for recipe
event annunciation, you can specify that an available alarm will go on or off when a ramp
time or soak time starts.
The following diagram shows the first few segments of a recipe and the configuration
used to implement the segments.
36
To configure fewer than eight segments, leave the values of all parameters associated with the unneeded segments set to OFF or zero.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
11-7
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
60
120
180
240
300
360
420
480
Time in Minutes
11-8
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters
11.4.2 Parameters That Apply to the Entire Multi-Step Ramp/Soak Recipe
11.4.2.1
Specifying the Optional Recipe Holdback
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Recipe Holdback (83)
HLd.b
all controllers
always
thermocouple and RTD input types:
off
0.1 to 100 °F
0.1 to 55.6 °C or °K
linear input types:
off
1 to 100 (See Note 1 below.)
Default:
10
Description:
Used to specify the maximum number of units that the controller
will allow the setpoint to differ from the process value before
“stopping the clock” on the ramp time or soak time. The
controller will “hold back” the SV until the PV differs from the SV
by no more than the holdback value.
Effect on Other
Parameters:
When a holdback has been configured, the ramp times and soak
times are used as minimum times.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
11.4.2.2
Specifying What Happens at the Conclusion of the Multi-Step Recipe
Execution
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Termination State (84)
tEr.S
all controllers
always
dEFt
LASt
StbY
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
900M050U00
normal mode using default setpoint (setpoint displayed
on front panel)
normal mode using last setpoint reached in the recipe
put controller in standby mode
put controller in standby mode
Used to specify what happens at the conclusion of the ramp
time.
No effect on other configuration parameters. Does affect
setpoint and controller mode of operation. Applied only if the
recipe runs to completion. If the operator terminates the recipe
execution by changing the controller mode, the setpoint used will
be the setpoint in effect when the operator changed the mode.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
11-9
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
11.4.2.3
Specifying the Number of Additional Times the Multi-Step Recipe Will
Repeat Once Started
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Recipe Recycle Number (82)
rcY.n
all controllers
if the recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
0 to 99
cont
Default:
Description:
11.4.2.4
0
Used to specify the number of additional times the recipe will be
executed once started. If set to zero, the recipe will execute
once each time the operator starts it. If set to 1, the recipe will
execute twice. If set to 2, the recipe will execute three times,
etc.
Specifying What Will Happen to the Multi-Step Recipe After a Power Failure
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
11-10
continuous (once the recipe has been started by an
operator; recipe execution does not start automatically
at power up)
Resume from Power Failure (85)
Pf.rE
all controllers
if the recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
Off
On
off
on
off
Used to indicate whether the recipe execution should resume
after a power failure. If this parameter is set to ON, then when
power is restored, execution of the recipe will resume at the
point reached before the power failure. If this parameter is set to
OFF, execution of the recipe will not be resumed when power is
restored. If the operator subsequently runs the recipe, execution
will start with segment 1.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters
11.4.3 Configuring Individual Recipe Segments
11.4.3.1
Specifying the Ramp Time for Each Step of a Multi-Step Recipe
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
11.4.3.2
Ramp Time 1, Ramp Time 2, etc. through Ramp Time 8
(42 through 49)
rt1, rt2 through rt8
all controllers
if the recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
0 to 9999 minutes
0
Used to specify the length of the ramp time for each segment.
Each segment can use a unique ramp time.
No effect on other configuration parameters. Does affect the
setpoint used by the controller.
Linking a Ramp Period to an Alarm
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
900M050U00
Ramp Event 1, Ramp Event 2 etc. through Ramp Event 8
(50 through 57)
rE1, rE2 through rE8
all controllers
if the recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe, and at least one
alarm is reserved for recipe events using the Alr (alarm) menu
dis
A1.On
A1.OF
A2.On
A2.OF
disabled
alarm 1 on if alarm 1 is reserved for recipe use
alarm 1 off if alarm 1 is reserved for recipe use
alarm 2 on if alarm 2 is reserved for recipe use
alarm 2 off if alarm 2 is reserved for recipe use
disabled
Used to link the chosen alarm action with the start of the ramp
time with the same segment number.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
11.4.3.3
Specifying the Setpoint for Each Soak in a Multi-Step Recipe
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Soak Level 1, Soak Level 2 etc. through Soak Level 8
(58 though 65)
SL1, SL2 through SL8
all controllers
if the recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
SPL.L to SPH.L (setpoint low limit to setpoint high limit from input
menu) (See Note 1 below.)
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
77
Used to specify the setpoint for the soak for each segment.
Each segment can use a unique soak level.
No effect on other configuration parameters. Does affect the
setpoint used by the controller.
Note 1: The range is reduced if the value of the dSPL (display) menu dEC.P (decimal
position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more information about the effect of a
linear input on numerical ranges.
11.4.3.4
Specifying the Length of Each Soak in a Multi-Step Recipe
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
11-12
Soak Time 1, Soak Time 2 through Soak Time 8
(66 through 73)
St1, St2 through St8
all controllers
if the recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe
0 to 9999 minutes
0
Used to specify the length of the soak time for each segment.
Each segment can use a unique soak time.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Ramp/Soak Recipe Parameters
11.4.3.5
Linking a Soak Period to an Alarm
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
900M050U00
Soak Event 1, Soak Event 2 etc. through Soak Event 8
(74 through 81)
SE1, SE2 through SE8
all controllers
if the recipe option is eight-segment r/s recipe, and at least one
alarm is reserved for recipe use using the Alr (alarm) menu
dis
disabled
A1.On alarm 1 on if alarm 1 is reserved for recipe use
A1.OF alarm 1 off if alarm 1 is reserved for recipe use
A2.On alarm 2 on if alarm 2 is reserved for recipe use
A2.OF alarm 2 off if alarm 2 is reserved for recipe use
disabled
Used to link the chosen alarm action with the start of the soak
time with the same segment number.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
11-13
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
11-14
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
12. Supervisor Parameters – Recommended
12.1 Introduction
You can use the SUPr (supervisor) menu to specify the output percentages to be used if
the controller detects a problem with the process input (failsafe values), and the length of
the time period during which the input should change in response to output action if the
input is working normally (loop break time).
You can also use this menu to see the highest and lowest process value received by the
controller since the controller was powered up.
The supervisor menu can also be used to set the values of all the configuration
parameters back to their factory defaults in 16C, 18C, and 25C models. The calibration
of the controller will not be affected when the defaults are set back to their factory
defaults.
The supervisor menu is available only when the security access level is set to CnF9
(configuration) or FACt (factory).37
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
FS.01
Output 1 Failsafe Output
Percentage
if output 1 type is PID or on/off
FS.02
Output 2 Failsafe Output
Percentage
if output 2 type is PID or on/off
L.br.t
Loop Break Time
always
HI.rd
Highest Reading
always
LO.rd
Lowest Reading
always
Ld.dp
Load Default Parameter Values
always
37
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the supervisor menu, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
12.2 Specifying What Happens When an Input Is Bad
The failsafe output percentages are used when the controller detects a problem with the
input: open sensor, reversed sensor, or loop break time exceeded. You cannot rely on
the controller using these output percentages if the controller’s internal circuitry fails.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Output 1 Failsafe Output Percentage (E1) and Output 2
Failsafe Output Percentage (E2)
FS.01 and FS.O2
all controllers
if output type is PID or on/off
0 to 100% (output high limits O1.HL and O2.HL are ignored when
the controller is in the failsafe state)
0
Used to specify the fixed output percentage the controller will
use if it detects a problem with the input.
12.3 Defining the Loop Break Time
The loop break time parameter is used to specify the length of the time period during
which the input should change in response to output action if the input is working
normally. The controller will use this loop break time as a criterion for going into failsafe
state and sending the outputs to the failsafe output percentages.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
12-2
Loop Break Time (E3)
L.br.t
all controllers
always
off, 4 to 9600 seconds
off
Used to specify the time period during which the input should
change in response to output action if the input sensor is
working correctly.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Supervisor Parameters
12.4 Viewing the Highest and Lowest Process Value Received
Since Last Reset
The highest and lowest process values received since the last reset are read-only values.
To reset the values, press the
or
key.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Highest Reading (E4) and Lowest Reading (E5)
HI.rd and LO.rd
all controllers
always
RTD and thermocouple input types: sensor low limit to sensor
high limit
linear input types: limited by the scaling defined for the input
using the SCL.L and SCL.H parameters in the InP (input) menu
highest reading: –3566
lowest reading: 18030
Used to view read-only values that are the highest and lowest
process values received by the controller since the values were
reset.
12.5 Resetting All Parameters to the Defaults
Using this function returns all configuration parameter values to their defaults in 16C,
18C, and 25C controllers. There is no parallel function in the 1ZC controller.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Load Default Parameter Values (see Note 1 below)
Ld.dP
all except 1ZC
always
yes
no
loads all the defaults
does not load the defaults
Beware! If you press the
or
key while LddP is on
display, regardless of whether it is alternating with no or yES, the
default values will be written to all configuration parameters.
The display will show dflt on the top line and LOAd on the
lower line. After a second, the display will change to LOAd
done. At this point, all the parameters have been set back to the
defaults. Press the
or
key to clear the Load
display and to begin to reconfigure the controller.
Default:
done
n/a
Description:
Used to reset all configuration parameters to their default values.
Effect on Other
Parameters:
Resets all configuration parameters to their default values. (The
calibration of the controller will not be affected when the defaults
are set back to their factory defaults.)
Note 1: There is no parameter ID designation for this parameter in the Athena Plus
protocol. The Athena Plus protocol uses a special function to reset parameter values.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
12-4
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
13. Calibration Function – Not Required for
Configuration
13.1 Introduction
The CaL (calibration) menu does not contain configuration parameters. Instead it is used
to display the values for which a simulated input should be applied to the controller input
terminals during calibration of the zero offset (CALo) and the span adjustment (CAHi). It
is also used to initiate the calibration operation after the controller has been prepared as
described in Section 18.
Read Section 18 before trying to calibrate the controller.
The calibration menu is available only when the security access level is set to FACt
(factory).38
13.2 Calibration Is Not Usually Required
You do not have to calibrate every new controller. When a controller was ordered, you
specified an input type for which the unit was calibrated at the factory. This is not the
specific type chosen with the input menu tYPE (type) parameter, such as J
thermocouple, or 0 to 20 mA linear. In the context of ordering the controller, “type” refers
to these choices:
•
RTD
•
compressed RTD
•
thermocouple
•
millivolt linear
•
volt linear
•
current linear input
The controller was calibrated at the factory for the type of input specified. If you use the
controller with a different type of input, you must recalibrate as described in Section 18
unless you ordered the “Calibrate All” input option.39
For example, if you specified when you ordered the controller that you planned to use a
thermocouple as the sensor, then you can use the input menu tYPE (type) parameter to
choose any thermocouple type: B, C, E, J, K, N, NNM, R, S, T, or Platinel II. The
controller will be calibrated appropriately at the factory. However, if you ordered
thermocouple calibration, but decide to use the controller with an RTD sensor, then you
should recalibrate before using the controller.
38
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to
for changing the access level are in Section 17.
CnF9 at the factory. Instructions
39
To determine whether the controller in hand was calibrated at the factory for all input types, check the
model number on the label on the controller. The meaning of each character in the model number is in
the installation manual supplied with the controller.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
13-1
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
13.3 Menu Items
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Description:
Calibration Low (see Note 1 below)
CALo
all
always
Displays the temperature input value that should be simulated
during low calibration.
Beware! Pressing the
or
key while this is on display
will clear the controller’s existing zero offset and initiate the low
calibration, even if you have not prepared the controller as
described in Section 18. If the controller has not been prepared
correctly before you initiate calibration, the resulting calibration
will be invalid.
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Description:
Calibration High (see Note 1 below)
CAHi
all
always
Displays the temperature input value that should be simulated
during high calibration.
Beware! Pressing the
or
key while this is on display
will clear the controller’s existing span adjustment and initiate the
high calibration, even if you have not prepared the controller as
described in Section 18. If the controller has not been prepared
correctly before you initiate calibration, the resulting calibration
will be invalid.
Note 1: The Athena Plus protocol does not permit you to read this value.
13-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
14. Option Parameters – Required if Using
Options
14.1 Introduction
Every 1ZC controller supports RS-485 serial communications. The 16C, 18C, and 25C
models can support a variety of options, including serial communications. The available
options are described briefly below. Use of most of these options requires that you
configure a few parameters. These parameters are arranged in menus, one for each
option.
However, the menu for a specific option is not displayed unless the Card parameter in
the Optn (option) menu has been used to specify correctly the type of options supported.
The Optn (option) menu Card parameter is configured at the factory. However, if you
use the procedure in 12.5 to load all parameter defaults, then you must use the front
panel of the controller to configure the Card parameter in the Optn (option) menu. This
prepares the controller to receive the appropriate option parameter values. The only
exception is in the case of an 18C or 25C equipped with only the serial communication
option. The 18C and 25C models are always ready to receive serial communication
parameter values.
The options menus are available if the security access level is set to CnF9
(configuration) or FACt (factory).40
14.2 Options Supported
Every 1ZC controller supports RS-485 serial communications. Two communication
protocols are supported, MODBUS and Athena Plus protocol, each with its own firmware
on the processor board and its own configuration menu (see 14.5 and 14.6). The 16C,
18C, and 25C can also all be equipped with optional RS-232 or RS-485 serial
communications hardware, and the appropriate communication firmware for Athena Plus
protocol (RS-232 and RS-485) or MODBUS (RS-485 only).
Other options are also available for the 16C, 18C, and 25C.
•
Two alarm outputs are available; the action of these outputs follows the action of
the A1 and A2 front panel LEDs and are configured using the ALr menu (see
Section 9).
40
The access level in all new 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers is set to CnF9 at the factory. If you cannot
see the option menus, the access level has been changed to a more restrictive level. Instructions for
changing the access level are in Section 17.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
•
A contact/digital input can be used to trigger use of a second setpoint (see 1.6.4),
or to toggle the controller’s mode from normal to standby, or to toggle between
running and holding a ramp/soak recipe. The function of this input is selected
using the C-dI (contact/digital input) menu (see 14.8). For the 16C the
contact/digital input card is available with one dedicated alarm relay. The alarm
action is configured using the Alr (alarm) menu
•
An auxiliary analog output can be used to transmit the setpoint or the process
value. The function of this output is selected using the Aout (auxiliary output)
menu (see 14.7).
•
A remote analog setpoint input can be used to provide the controller with a
setpoint from an external device.41 This input is scaled using the parameters in
the rAS (remote analog setpoint) menu (see 14.9).
•
A transducer excitation option is available to provide power to remote
transducers. There are no configuration parameters associated with use of the
transducer excitation output.
To see what options the controller in hand supports, compare the model number on the
controller’s label with the model number breakdown in the installation manual supplied
with the controller.
41
Use of the Remote Analog Setpoint is turned on and off by means of a contact on the RAS option card.
14-2
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Option Parameters
14.3 Summary of Option Parameters
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
Optn (option) menu; see 14.4
Card
Installed Option Card
always; the choice made here determines
the other option menus that are displayed.
The choices available in the option menu
depend on the controller model.
none
d.In
dI.AL
ALr
A.Out
rAS
Sc.dI
SerL
none
digital input
digital input with alarm
alarm
auxiliary analog output
remote analog setpoint
serial communications with
contact/digital input
serial communications
SerL (serial) menu for RS-232 or RS-485 Athena Plus protocol; see 14.6
Idno
Controller ID Number
bAUd
Baud Rate
dAtF
Data Format
trdL
Transmission Delay
This menu is displayed if you chose SerL
as the card type and the communication
firmware supports the Athena Plus protocol.
If the menu is displayed, then all the
parameters shown here are included.
SerL (serial) menu for MODBUS protocol; see 14.5
Idno
Controller ID Number
bAUd
Baud Rate
Par
Parity
nnOd
MODBUS IEEE Register
Ordering
900M050U00
This menu is displayed if you chose SerL
as the card type and the communication
firmware supports the MODBUS protocol. If
the menu is displayed, then all the
parameters shown here are included.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
14-3
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Item
Parameter Name
When Displayed
a.out (auxiliary output) menu; see 14.7
Out.U
Auxiliary Output Variable
SCL.L
Auxiliary Output Scale Low
SCL.H
Auxiliary Output Scale High
This menu is displayed if you chose Aout
as the card type. If the menu is displayed,
then all the parameters shown here are
included.
C-dl (contact/digital input) menu; see 14.8
Func
Contact/Digital Input Function
This menu is displayed if you chose dIAL
or Sc.dI or dIn as the card type.
rAS (remote analog setpoint) menu; see 14.9
SCL.L
Remote Analog Setpoint Scale
Low
SCL.H
Remote Analog Setpoint Scale
High
This menu is displayed if you chose rAS as
the card type. If the menu is displayed, then
both the parameters shown here are
included.
ALr (alarm) menu; see Section 9
14-4
A1.AA
Alarm 1 Action
A1.AO
Alarm 1 Operation
A1.dl
Alarm 1 Delay
A1.IH
Alarm 1 Inhibit
A1.SP
Alarm 1 Setpoint
A2.AA
Alarm 2 Action
A2.AO
Alarm 2 Operation
A2.dl
Alarm 2 Delay
A2.IH
Alarm 2 Inhibit
A2.SP
Alarm 2 Setpoint
This menu is always displayed for
configuration of the action of the A1 and A2
front panel LEDs. Two alarm outputs are
available as an option. The action of the
optional alarm outputs follows the action of
the A1 and A2 front panel LEDs and is
configured using the ALr menu (see
Section 9).
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Option Parameters
14.4 Specifying the Option Card
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Effect on Other
Parameters:
Installed Option Card (E8)
Card
all except 1ZC
always
none
dI.AL
ALr
A.Out
rAS
Sc.dI
SErL
none
contact/digital input with alarm
alarm
auxiliary output
remote analog setpoint
serial communications with digital input
serial communications
1ZC, 18C, 25C: none
16C: serial communications
Used to choose the option menus to be displayed.
Determines the individual option menus that are displayed.
What’s next after specifying the option card?
If you chose “none” for the option card, and you are using PID
control, go to Section 16 for tuning.
If you chose “none” for the option card, and you are using on/off
control, go to Section 17 for restricting access.
If you chose “serial” for the option card, and the controller
supports MODBUS, go to 14.5.
If you chose “serial” for the option card, and the controller
supports Athena Plus Protocol, go to 14.6.
If you chose “serial with digital input” for the option card, go to
14.6 and 14.8.
If you chose “auxiliary analog output” for the option card, go to
14.7.
If you chose “contact/digital input with alarm for the option card,
go to 14.8 and Section 9.
If you chose “alarm” and have not configured the alarms, go to
Section 9.
If you chose “remote analog setpoint”, go to 14.9.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
14-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
14.5 Configuring Serial Communications Parameters for
MODBUS
14.5.1 Introduction
The items that appear on the SerL (serial) menu in controllers that support MODBUS are
different from the SerL menu items displayed if the controller supports Athena Plus
Protocol. The MODBUS communication parameters presented briefly below are
described in more detail in Using the MODBUS Protocol with Athena Series C (1ZC, 16C,
18C, and 25C) Controllers. We recommend that you consult that manual before setting
up your MODBUS network and configuring these communication parameters.
14.5.2 Assigning a Unique Controller Address When MODBUS is Used
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Controller ID Number (D5)
Id.no
all except 1ZC (See Note 1 below.)
if the card type is serial
1 to 247
1
Used to assign a unique address to each controller on the
MODBUS network.
Note 1: The address for a 1ZC controller is set using DIP switches as described in the
manual provided with the controller.
14.5.3 Selecting the Baud Rate Applicable to MODBUS Communications
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
14-6
Baud Rate (D6)
baUd
all
if the card type is serial
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
9600 (MODBUS only)
Used to select the baud rate.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Option Parameters
14.5.4 Selecting the Parity When MODBUS is Used
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Parity (see Note 1 below)
Par
all
if the card type is serial and the communication firmware
supports the MODBUS protocol
none
Odd
euen
none
odd
even
(see Note 2 below)
Default:
Description:
none
Used to select the type of parity to be used, if any.
Note 1: Because parity for Athena Plus protocol is included in the data format parameter
(D7), this parity parameter has no Athena Plus identification code.
Note 2: Regardless of the parity selected, a Series C controller that supports MODBUS
protocol always uses 1 start bit, 8 data bits, and 1 stop bit.
14.5.5 Selecting the Sequence for 32-bit IEEE Registers When MODBUS Is
Used
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
MODBUS IEEE Register Ordering
nnOd
all
if the card type is serial and the communication firmware
supports the MODBUS protocol
Choices:
YES
no
Default:
yes
Description:
MODBUS standard ordering: low register before high
non-standard ordering: high register before low
Used to choose whether the two registers that make up a single
32-bit IEEE floating point value are transmitted in standard
MODBUS sequence (low before high), or not in standard
sequence (high before low)
If you are configuring MODBUS serial communications, you have
finished configuring the communication parameters. The
remainder of this section does not apply to your application
If you are using PID control, go to Section 16 for tuning.
If you are using on/off control, go to Section 17 for restricting
access.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
14.6 Configuring Serial Communication Parameters for Athena
Plus Protocol
14.6.1 Introduction
The items that appear on the SerL (serial) menu in controllers that support Athena Plus
protocol are different from the SerL menu items displayed if the controller supports the
MODBUS protocol. The Multi-Comm User’s Guide contains more information about
configuring a controller to communicate with the Multi-Comm host over an RS-232 or
RS-485 network. We recommend that you consult that manual before setting up your
Multi-Comm network and configuring these communication parameters.
14.6.2 Assigning a Unique Controller Address When Athena Plus is Used
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Controller ID Number (D5)
Id.no
all except 1ZC (See Note 1 below.)
if the card type is serial
1 to 255
1
Used to assign a unique address to each controller on the
RS-485 network. (RS-232 communication is one-to-one, so the
default address 1 is always OK for RS-232 controllers.)
Note 1: The address for a 1ZC controller is set using DIP switches as described in the
manual provided with the controller.
14.6.3 Selecting the Baud Rate Applicable to Athena Plus Communications
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
14-8
Baud Rate (D6)
baUd
all
if the card type is serial
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
16C, 18C, 25C: 9600
1ZC: 2400
Used to select the baud rate.
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Option Parameters
14.6.4 Selecting the Number of Data Bits and Stop Bits, and the Parity
Applicable to Athena Plus Communications
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Data Format (D7)
dat.F
all
if the card type is serial and the communication firmware
supports the Athena Plus protocol
8.n.1
7.E.2
7.o.2
7.n.2
7.E.1
7.o.1
8.n.2
8.E.1
8.o.1
8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit
7 data bits, even parity, 2 stop bits
7 data bits, odd parity, 2 stop bits
7 data bits, no parity, 2 stop bits
7 data bits, even parity, 1 stop bit
7 data bits, odd parity, 1 stop bit
8 data bits, no parity, 2 stop bits
8 data bits, even parity, 1 stop bit
8 data bits, odd parity, 1 stop bit
(See Note 1 below.)
Default:
Description:
8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit
Used to select the serial data format.
Note 1: Regardless of the selection made here, a Series C controller with communication
firmware that supports Athena Plus protocol always uses 1 start bit.
14.6.5 Transmission Delay When Athena Plus is Used
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Transmission Delay (D8)
tr.dL
all
if the card type is serial and the communication firmware
supports the Athena Plus protocol
not used
n/a
not used
If you are configuring Athena Plus Protocol serial
communications, you have finished configuring the
communication parameters.
If you chose “serial with digital input” for the option card, go to
14.8.
If you are using PID control, go to Section 16 for tuning.
If you are using on/off control, go to Section 17 for restricting
access.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
14.7 Configuring Auxiliary Output Parameters
14.7.1 Introduction
If the card type is A.Out, then the A.Out menu is displayed.
14.7.2 Selecting the Value to be Transmitted
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Auxiliary Output Variable (G1)
Out.U
all except 1ZC
if the card type is auxiliary analog output
St.Pt setpoint
Proc process value
process value
Used to choose the value to be transmitted by the auxiliary
analog output.
14.7.3 Scaling the Auxiliary Analog Output
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Auxiliary Output Scale Low (G2) and Auxiliary Output Scale
High (G3)
SCL.L and SCL.H
all except 1ZC
if the card type is auxiliary analog output
RTD and thermocouple input types: sensor low limit to sensor
high limit
linear input types: limited by the scaling defined for the input
using the SCL.L and SCL.H parameters in the InP (input) menu
(See Note 1 below.)
scale low: –328
scale high: 1400
Used to specify the PV or SV represented by the lowest (SCL.L)
and highest (SCL.H) possible auxiliary analog output signal.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Option Parameters
14.8 Configuring the Contact/Digital Input Parameter
14.8.1 Introduction
If the card type is SC.dI or di.aL, then the C-dL (contact/digital input) menu is displayed.
It contains a single parameter, which is described below.
14.8.2 Selecting Contact/Digital Input Function
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Choices:
Default:
Description:
Contact/Digital Input Function (G7)
Func
all except 1ZC
if the card type is contact/digital with alarm, or serial
communications with contact/digital switch
dIS
rS.rH
StbY
S.SP.S
disabled
toggle between ramp/soak recipe run and hold
toggle between standby and normal (automatic mode)
enable use of second setpoint
disabled
Used to select the action that will result from
activating/deactivating the contact/digital input switch.
You have finished configuration of the contact/digital input option
parameter.
If you are using PID control, go to Section 16 for tuning.
If you are using on/off control, go to Section 17 for restricting
access.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
14.9 Configuring the Remote Analog Setpoint Parameters
14.9.1 Introduction
If the card type is rAS, then the rAS (remote analog setpoint) menu is displayed. It
contains two parameters, which are described below.
14.9.2 Scaling the Input for the Remote Analog Setpoint
Parameter Name:
Name as Displayed:
Used By:
When Displayed:
Range:
Default:
Description:
Remote Analog Setpoint Scale Low (G5) and Remote Analog
Setpoint Scale High (G6)
SCL.L and SCL.H
all except 1ZC
if the card type is remote analog setpoint
–1999 to 9999 (See Note 1 below.)
scale low: –1999
scale high: 9999
Used to specify the SV represented by the lowest (SCL.L ) and
highest (SCL.H) possible remote analog input signal.
Note 1: The range is reduced when a linear input is used and the value of the dSPL
(display) menu dEC.P (decimal position) parameter is not 0 (zero). See 4.3.2 for more
information about the effect of a linear input on numerical ranges.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
15. Numbers Used to Identify Parameters in
Multi-Comm Messages and Athena Plus
Protocol
Skip this section if you are configuring a 16C, 18C, or 25C
controller using its front panel (or using a MODBUS host). The
information in this section does not apply to your situation. The
table below is provided for users of Multi-Comm software and
other custom applications that take advantage of the Athena Plus
communication protocol.
The table below lists all the configuration parameters and the Athena Plus protocol
identification code for each. It also contains setpoint and status values that can be read
by applications that are compatible with the Athena Plus protocol, such as the Athena
Multi-Comm application.
The “used by” column shows which of the Series C controllers can use the parameter.
“All” means 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C. However, even if a parameter can be used by a
controller model, the parameter may not apply to every control strategy. See the
descriptions of the parameters in Sections 5 through 14 for information about
applicability.
Code
900M050U00
Parameter Name
Used
By
Read/Write
Where
Described
1
Controller Type
all
R
See Note 1.
2
Software Version
all
R
See Note 1.
3
Communications Firmware
Version
all
R
See Note 1.
4
Status Byte
all
R
See Note 1.
5
Process Value
all
R
See Note 1.
6
Operating Mode
all
R/W
2.4
7
Access Level
all except
1ZC
R/W
17
8
Contact/Digital Input State
all except
1ZC
R
See Note 1.
9
Setpoint – RAM and
EEPROM
all
R/W
1.6
10
Setpoint – RAM only
all
R/W
1.6
 Athena Controls, Inc.
15-1
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Code
15-2
Parameter Name
Used
By
Read/Write
Where
Described
11
Second Setpoint – RAM and
EEPROM
all except
1ZC
R/W
1.6
12
Second Setpoint – RAM only
all except
1ZC
R/W
1.6
13
Remote Analog Setpoint
all except
1ZC
R
1.6
14
Recipe Setpoint
all
R
1.6.
16
Output 1 Percentage
all
R
See Note 1.
17
Output 2 Percentage
all
R
See Note 1.
18
Output 1 Manual Mode Fixed
Output Percentage
all
R/W
2.4.5
19
Output 2 Manual Mode Fixed
Output Percentage
all
R/W
2.4.5
20
Output 1 Deadband
all
R/W
8.2.2
21
Output 1 Hysteresis
all
R/W
8.2.3
22
Output 1 Proportional Band
all
R/W
8.3.2
23
Output 2 Proportional Band
all
R/W
8.3.2
30
Rate/Derivative Action
all
R/W
8.3.3
32
Automatic Reset Integral
Action
all
R/W
8.3.5
34
Manual Reset Integral Action
all
R/W
8.3.4
37
Output 2 Deadband
all
R/W
8.2.2
38
Output 2 Hysteresis
all
R/W
8.2.3
39
Autotune Damping
all
R/W
10.2
40
Recipe Option
all
R/W
11.2
41
Single-Setpoint Ramp Time
all
R/W
11.3.1
42
Ramp Time 1
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
43
Ramp Time 2
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
44
Ramp Time 3
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
45
Ramp Time 4
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
46
Ramp Time 5
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
47
Ramp Time 6
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
48
Ramp Time 7
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
49
Ramp Time 8
all
R/W
11.4.3.1
50
Ramp Event 1
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
51
Ramp Event 2
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
52
Ramp Event 3
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Identifying Numbers in Multi-Comm Messages and Athena Plus Protocol
Code
900M050U00
Parameter Name
Used
By
Read/Write
Where
Described
53
Ramp Event 4
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
54
Ramp Event 5
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
55
Ramp Event 6
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
56
Ramp Event 7
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
57
Ramp Event 8
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.2
58
Soak Level 1
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
59
Soak Level 2
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
60
Soak Level 3
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
61
Soak Level 4
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
62
Soak Level 5
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
63
Soak Level 6
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
64
Soak Level 7
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
65
Soak Level 8
all
R/W
11.4.3.3
66
Soak Time 1
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
67
Soak Time 2
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
68
Soak Time 3
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
69
Soak Time 4
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
70
Soak Time 5
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
71
Soak Time 6
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
72
Soak Time 7
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
73
Soak Time 8
all
R/W
11.4.3.4
74
Soak Event 1
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
75
Soak Event 2
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
76
Soak Event 3
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
77
Soak Event 4
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
78
Soak Event 5
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
79
Soak Event 6
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
80
Soak Event 7
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
 Athena Controls, Inc.
15-3
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Code
15-4
Parameter Name
Used
By
Read/Write
Where
Described
all except
1ZC
R/W
11.4.3.5
81
Soak Event 8
82
Recipe Recycle Number
all
R/W
11.4.2.3
83
Recipe Holdback Band
all
R/W
11.3.2
84
Recipe Termination State
all
R/W
11.4.2.2
85
Recipe Resume After Power
Failure
all
R/W
11.4.2.4
86
Input Bias
all
R/W
5.6.1 and 5.7.1
87
Input Low Scale
all
R/W
5.7.2
88
Input High Scale
all
R/W
5.7.2
89
Setpoint Low Limit
all
R/W
5.6.2 and 0
90
Setpoint High Limit
all
R/W
5.6.2 and 0
91
Input Filter
all
R/W
5.6.3 and 5.7.4
92
Input Type
all
R/W
5.5
94
Output 1 Type
all
R/W
7.2
95
Output 1 Control Action
all
R/W
7.3 and 7.4.1
96
Output 1 Alarm Action
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.1
97
Output 1 Alarm Operation
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.2
98
Output 1 Alarm Delay
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.3
99
Output 1 Alarm Inhibit
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.4
A0
Output 1 Process Alarm
Setpoint
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.5
A1
Output 1 Deviation, Normal
Band, Inverse Band Alarm
Setpoint
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.5
A2
Output 1 Cycle Time
all
R/W
7.4.2
A3
Output 1 Low Limit
all
R/W
7.4.3
A4
Output 1 High Limit
all
R/W
7.4.3
A5
Output 2 Type
all
R/W
7.2
A6
Output 2 Control Action
all
R/W
7.3 and 7.4.1
A7
Output 2 Alarm Action
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.1
A8
Output 2 Alarm Operation
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.2
A9
Output 2 Alarm Delay
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.3
B0
Output 2 Alarm Inhibit
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.4
B1
Output 2 Process Alarm
Setpoint
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.5
B2
Output 2 Deviation, Normal
Band, Inverse Band Alarm
Setpoint
1ZC, 16C
R/W
7.5.5
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Identifying Numbers in Multi-Comm Messages and Athena Plus Protocol
Code
900M050U00
Parameter Name
Used
By
Read/Write
Where
Described
B3
Output 2 Cycle Time
all
R/W
7.4.2
B4
Output 2 Low Limit
all
R/W
7.4.3
B5
Output 2 High Limit
all
R/W
7.4.3
B6
RTD and T/C Decimal
Position
all
R/W
6.2.1
B7
Linear Decimal Position
all
R/W
6.3.1
B8
Display Filter
all except
1ZC
R/W
6.2.2 and 6.3.2
B9
Display Units
all
R/W
6.2.3
C1
Display Blanking
all except
1ZC
R/W
6.2.4 and 6.3.3
C2
Alarm 1 Action
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.1
C3
Alarm 1 Operation
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.2
C4
Alarm 1 Delay
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.3
C5
Alarm 1 Inhibit
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.4
C6
Alarm 1 Process Alarm
Setpoint
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.5
C7
Alarm 1 Deviation, Normal
Band, Inverse Band Setpoint
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.5
C8
Alarm 2 Action
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.1
C9
Alarm 2 Operation
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.2
D0
Alarm 2 Delay
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.3
D1
Alarm 2 Inhibit
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.4
D2
Alarm 2 Process Alarm
Setpoint
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.5
D3
Alarm 2 Deviation, Normal
Band, Inverse Band Setpoint
all except
1ZC
R/W
9.2.5
D4
Communication Protocol
all
R
See Note 1
D5
Controller ID (Address)
all
R/W
14.5.2 and
14.6.2
D6
Communication Baud Rate
all
R/W
14.5.3 and
14.6.3
D7
Communication Data Format
all
R/W
14.6.4
D8
Communication Transmit
Delay
all
R/W
14.6.5
 Athena Controls, Inc.
15-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Code
15-6
Parameter Name
Used
By
Read/Write
Where
Described
E1
Output 1 Failsafe %
all
R/W
12.2
E2
Output 2 Failsafe %
all
R/W
12.2
E3
Loop Break Time
all
R/W
12.3
E4
Highest Reading
all
R/W
12.4
E5
Lowest Reading
all
R/W
12.4
E8
Option Selection
all except
1ZC
R
See Note 1
E9
Thermocouple Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
F0
Thermocouple Span
Adjustment
all
R/W
See Note 2
F1
RTD Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
F2
RTD Span Adjustment
all
R/W
See Note 2
F3
Low-Voltage Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
F4
Low-Voltage Span Adjustment
all
R/W
See Note 2
F5
High-Voltage Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
F6
High-Voltage Span
Adjustment
all
R/W
See Note 2
F7
Current (mA) Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
F8
Current (mA) Span
Adjustment
all
R/W
See Note 2
G1
Auxiliary Output Variable
Selection
all except
1ZC
R/W
14.7.2
G2
Auxiliary Output Scale Low
all except
1ZC
R/W
14.7.3
G3
Auxiliary Output Scale High
all except
1ZC
R/W
14.7.3
G5
Remote Analog Setpoint
Scale Low
all except
1ZC
R/W
14.9.2
G6
Remote Analog Setpoint
Scale High
all except
1ZC
R/W
14.9.2
G7
Contact/Digital Switch
Function
all except
1ZC
R/W
14.8.2
H2
Autotune State
all
R
See Note 1
H3
Recipe State
all
R
See Note 1
H5
Currently Active Recipe
Segment
all
R
2.2.1
H6
Active Setpoint
all
R/W
1.6
H7
Resume Exhaustion Flag
all
R
See Note 4
H8
LED Status Indicator
all
R
See Note 1
H9
RTD with Decimal Support
Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Identifying Numbers in Multi-Comm Messages and Athena Plus Protocol
Code
Parameter Name
Used
By
Read/Write
Where
Described
I0
RTD with Decimal Support
Span Cal
all
R/W
See Note 2
I1
0 to 5 V, 0 to 10 V Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
I2
0 to 5 V, 0 to 10 V Span
Adjustment
all
R/W
See Note 2
I3
10 to 50 mV, 0 to 100 mV
Zero Offset
all
R/W
See Note 2
I4
10 to 50 mV, 0 to 100 mV
Span Adjustment
all
R/W
See Note 2
I5
Watchdog Disable
1ZC
R/W
See Note 3
I6
Controller Ambient
Temperature
1ZC
R
See Note 1
Note 1: This read-only value is not described in this manual.
Note 2: This value cannot be configured using the front panel. The appropriate value is
calculated by the controller during calibration. The value is writeable only for the purpose
of restoring the value from a backup file if the controller’s zero offset or span adjustment
is accidentally lost.
Note 3: This value is writeable only for the purpose of troubleshooting by a member of
the Athena technical support team.
Note 4: The Resume Exhaustion Flag signals the same situation as error code 3865
described in 19.3.2.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
15-7
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
15-8
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
16. Tuning the Controller for PID Control
16.1 Introduction
When Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control is used, the controller modulates
output power by adjusting the output power percentage within a proportional band.
Power is proportionally reduced as the process temperature gets closer to the setpoint
temperature. The integral action affects the output based on the duration of the process
value’s variation from the setpoint, and the derivative action affects the output based on
the rate of change of the process value. If both standard outputs are used for PID
control, then the same integral and derivative parameters apply to both outputs.
Proportional band is specified for each output individually, unless both outputs use the
same action (direct or reverse).
The proportional band, derivative action (rate), and integral action (auto reset)
parameters are automatically adjusted by the Autotune operation described in 16.2.
Autotune is best suited to temperature control applications. Some other applications may
respond well to Autotune. However, some non-temperature control applications may
require manual tuning, in which the proportional band, derivative action (rate), and
integral term or manual reset are entered using the control menu as described in 16.3.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
16-1
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
16.2 Autotuning
16.2.1 Introduction
The procedure below is used to start Autotune using the front panel of a 16C, 18C, or
25C controller. You can also use a Multi-Comm host or a MODBUS master to change
the mode, view and change parameter values, and to start Autotune for the 1ZC, 16C,
18C, and 25C models.
The Autotune operation overwrites any existing proportional band, integral, and derivative
parameter values that were previously configured. (When PID control is used, the
manual reset value is ignored.)
16.2.2 Procedure
To use the Autotune feature for temperature applications:
1. Put the controller in standby mode by pressing the
key until CtrL is displayed on
the top line (after approximately three seconds) and the current mode on the lower
line. Press the
or
key to cycle through the modes until StbY is on the
lower line. Press the
key again (briefly). The display will show StbY alternating
with the process value on the top line, and the setpoint displayed steadily on the
lower line.
2. Configure the controller. Quick instructions for setting up a controller to use PID
control and many of the configuration default values are in Section 3.
•
For the Autotune feature to be available, at least one output type parameter must
be set to PID (see 7.2).
•
For Autotune to work, the controller cannot be configured to ramp to the setpoint
at startup as described in 11.2. You do not have to disable the single step ramp
feature, but if it is enabled, set the SSrt (single step ramp time) parameter to 0
(zero).
3. Select the appropriate Autotune damping setting (see 10.2), or leave it set to the
default normal.
4. Enter the process setpoint using the
and
keys.
5. If possible, wait for the process to become stable (no latent energy remaining). For
heating or cooling applications, wait for the process to reach ambient temperature.
Unless the setpoint is at least 1% of supported sensor span above or below the initial
process value, the Autotune will terminate with an 05 error code (see 16.2.3).
6. Start the Autotune operation. To initiate autotuning in a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller,
press the
key until CtrL is displayed on the top line and StbY on the lower line.
Use the
or
key to display Atun on the lower line. Press the
key again
to start the Autotune operation.
7. Unless you want to terminate the Autotune by putting the controller in standby or
manual mode, do not press any keys during the Autotune operation. While the
controller does the Autotune, tunE will alternate with the process value on the top
line. (The lower line will continue to display the setpoint your entered in Step 4.)
16-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Tuning the Controller for PID Control
8. When the controller has completed autotuning successfully, the flashing tune will
disappear. The display will revert to the normal mode operating display, with the
process value on the top line and the setpoint on the lower line. The controller will
save the tuning parameter values in the proportional band, rate, and auto reset
parameters. (The new tuning values can be viewed in the CtrL menu.)
If the Autotune was unsuccessful, the top line will briefly display Er plus a two-digit
error code, then go back to flashing StbY. Refer to 16.2.3 for the Autotune error
codes. Fix the problem and try tuning again.
9. Once Autotune has been completed successfully, and the PV and SV are on display,
the controller is controlling the process.
Monitor the process. If unacceptable overshoot occurs, change the Autotune
damping setting to high and repeat the Autotune. If the process response is
sluggish, change the damping setting to low and repeat the Autotune.
Once setup is complete, we recommend changing the security access level to the most
restrictive level suitable for your application. See Section 17 for details.
16.2.3 Autotune Error Codes
If an Autotune error occurs, the top line of the display will alternately show tune and an
error code for three seconds before the autotuning terminates and the controller goes
back into standby mode. The error codes are in the table below.
Error Code
900M050U00
Description
02
Neither output is configured for PID using the O1.tY or O2.tY
(output type) parameter in the OutP (output menu).
03
The process changes in the wrong direction. The cause is
usually reversed thermocouple leads or an incorrectly configured
O1.Ac or O2.Ac (output action) parameter.
05
There is not enough difference between initial PV and the
setpoint. For Autotune to work, the difference must be at least
1% of supported sensor span.
08
The startup curve (change in PV) was not acceptable to the
Autotune algorithm. This could be caused by a process upset
that occurred during tuning. Try Autotuning again when the
process is stable. If the error recurs, your process is not suitable
for Autotuning. Use manual tuning as described in 16.3.
09
The Autotuning timed out, because the process was
unresponsive (or extremely slow). Your process is not suitable
for Autotuning. Use manual tuning as described in 16.3, or
configure the controller for on/off control (see 1.5.3 and 8.2).
 Athena Controls, Inc.
16-3
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
16.3 Manual Tuning (Zeigler-Nichols PID Method)
16.3.1 Introduction
This tuning method may be used for non-temperature control processes or if the spread
between initial process temperature and process operating temperature is small. This
manual tuning process requires that the PV be tracked over time. If the controller is
equipped with an auxiliary analog output card, connect a chart recorder to its terminals,
and use the A.out (auxiliary output) menu to specify that the PV will be retransmitted. If
the controller is not equipped with an auxiliary analog output, you can graph the
displayed PV against time manually.
The procedure below is used to do manual tuning using the front panel of a 16C, 18C, or
25C controller. You can use a Multi-Comm host or a MODBUS master to change the
mode, and to view and change tuning parameter values for the 1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers.
16.3.2 Procedure
To perform manual tuning:
1. For heat/cool control processes, disable any cooling device used or set the output
type parameter (in the OutP (output) menu) for this direct-acting output to off.
(Usually, output 2 is used for cooling, so you would set O2.tY = OFF.)
2. With the power off and the controller NOT in the Key Lockout security level, apply
power and immediately put the controller in standby mode by pressing the
key
until CtrL is displayed on the top line (after approximately three seconds) and the
current mode on the lower line. Press the
or
key to cycle through the
modes until StbY is on the lower line. Press the
key again (briefly). The display
will show StbY alternating with the process value on the top line, and the setpoint
displayed steadily on the lower line.
3. Enter the process setpoint using the
and
keys.
4. Make sure the Pb (proportional band) is set to its maximum value, and that der
(derivative / rate action), OFFS (manual reset), and Int (integral offset / auto reset)
are all set to zero. To access the menu system, press and hold the
key until a
menu name abbreviation is displayed on the top line. Press the
key repeatedly
until the CtrL menu is reached. Step through the tuning parameters using the
key. To change values, use the
and
keys, then press
to write the new
value to the controller’s database.
5. Put the controller in normal (automatic) mode by pressing the
key until CtrL is
displayed on the top line (after approximately three seconds) and the current mode
on the lower line. Press the
or
key to cycle through the modes until nor is
on the lower line. Press the
key again (briefly). The display will show the
process value on the top line and the setpoint on the lower line.
16-4
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Tuning the Controller for PID Control
6. While monitoring the recording device or plotting the displayed PV against time
manually, decrease the proportional band value by repeatedly halving the value until
a small, sustained temperature oscillation is observed. Measure the period in
seconds of one cycle of oscillation (“T” on the diagram below).
T
7. Divide the period of oscillation (T) by 8. The resulting number (quotient) is the correct
der (derivative) time in seconds.
8. Divide T by 2. The resulting number (quotient) is the correct integral time in seconds.
9. Multiply the proportional band value used in Step 6 (to obtain T) by 1.66 and enter
this as the new proportional band value.
Manual tuning of the heating output is complete. If the second output will be used for PID
cooling, set the cooling output type to PID. (It was disabled in Step 1 of the manual
tuning process.) Enter the proportional band value calculated in Step 9 for the cooling
output also. If overcooling results, increase the cooling proportional bandwidth. If too
little cooling action results, decrease the cooling proportional band.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
16-5
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
16-6
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
17. Changing the Security Access Level
17.1 Introduction
The 16C, 18C, and 25C controllers can be configured to limit the functions and
configuration menus that can be accessed using the keypad. For example, the access
level can be set to allow operators to change only the setpoint or the manual mode output
percentage.
A controller can be set to any of the access levels in the table below. The sequence of
levels in the table is from most restrictive to least restrictive. New 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers are shipped with the access level set to cnF9 (configuration).
After you have configured the controller for your application, set the access level to the
most restrictive level appropriate for your site.
Instructions for changing the access level are in 17.2.
Instructions for disabling the keypad entirely are in 17.3.
Displayed
Abbreviation
Access
Level
Loc.O
keypad lockout
Description
Highest security level; no access.
While the access level is “keypad lockout”, no controller
values can be changed, not even the setpoint. To escape,
press the
key for approximately ten seconds, until
Loc.O is displayed, then press
.
SP
setpoint only
Setpoint or manual outputs can be adjusted; no access
to mode or menus.
When the access level is “setpoint only”, the keypad can be
used to change the setpoint or the manual mode output
percentage. However, the operator will not be able to
change the controller from normal (automatic) mode to
manual, and vice versa.
SP.PL
setpoint plus
mode
Setpoint or manual outputs can be adjusted; mode can
be changed; no access to menus.
When the access level is “setpoint plus mode”, the keypad
can be used to change the setpoint, manual mode output
percentage, and control mode, including executing recipes,
and switching from normal (automatic) to manual, and vice
versa. (See 1.3.1 for a description of all control modes.)
USEr
user
All the “setpoint plus mode” functions, and limited
access to menus.
When the access level is “user”, the keypad can be used to
do all the functions available in “setpoint plus mode”. At the
“user” level, the keypad can also be used to view and
change the values on the control menu (tuning parameters),
adjust the Autotune damping parameter, and view and
change all the ramp/soak parameters.
900M050U00
 Athena Controls, Inc.
17-1
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
Displayed
Abbreviation
Access
Level
CnF9
configuration
Description
All the “user” functions, and access to all menus except
calibration.
When the access level is “configuration”, the keypad can be
used to perform all controller functions and access all
menus, except the calibration menu.
FACt
factory
Access to everything.
When the access level is “factory”, the keypad can be used
to do all controller functions, including re-calibrating the
controller.
The controllers are calibrated at the factory. Usually the
controllers will never need re-calibration. See 5.2 for the
circumstance that dictates re-calibration. Do not leave the
controller set to this access level after you have recalibrated the controller.
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Changing the Security Access Level
17.2 Procedures
17.2.1 To View the Access Level
To view the access level when the PV and SV are displayed:
1. Press and hold the
key for approximately ten seconds. (After the first three
seconds a menu name will be displayed on the top line. Ignore it and continue to
press the
key.) The display will show the access level label AcLu and the
access level now in effect. For example, if the controller is set to “user” level, the
display will show:
AcLu
USEr
2. What you do next depends on whether the present access level is OK.
If you do not want to change the access level, press the
the PV and SV display.
key once to go back to
If you do want to change the access level, follow the instructions in 17.2.2.
17.2.2 To Change the Access Level
To change the access level when the current access level is on display:
1. Use the
or
key to step through the list of access level choices.
2. When the desired access level is on display, press the
key to write the new
access level to the controller’s database and return to the PV and SV display.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
17.3 Disabling the Keypad
To disable the keypad entirely, remove the JMP03 jumper from the processor board. The
processor board is the board on the left when facing the controller. Refer to the
illustration below for the location of JMP03. (This illustration shows the bezel and circuit
board assembly as viewed from below.)
JUMPER AS SHOWN ENABLES KEYPAD ACCESS.
TO DISABLE KEYPAD ACCESS, REMOVE JUMPER.
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18. Calibrating the Controller
18.1 Introduction
You do not have to calibrate every new controller. When a controller was ordered, you
specified an input type for which the unit was calibrated at the factory. This is not the
specific type chosen with the input menu tYPE (type) parameter, such as J
thermocouple, or 0 to 20 mA linear. In the context of ordering the controller, “type” refers
to these choices:
•
RTD
•
compressed RTD (RTD with decimal support)
•
thermocouple
•
millivolt linear
•
volt linear
•
current linear input
The controller was calibrated at the factory for the type of input specified. If you use the
controller with a different type of input, you must recalibrate as described in this section
unless you ordered the “Calibrate All” input option.42
For example, if you specified when you ordered the controller that you planned to use a
thermocouple as the sensor, then you can use the input menu tYPE (type) parameter to
choose any thermocouple type: B, C, E, J, K, N, NNM, R, S, T, or Platinel II. The
controller will be calibrated appropriately at the factory. However, if you ordered
thermocouple calibration, but decide to use the controller with an RTD sensor, then you
must recalibrate before using the controller. The “low calibration” procedure will offset
zero if necessary, and the “high calibration” will perform the span adjustment.
If you change the input type (including changing linear input type) for a 16C, 18C, or 25C
controller, you might also have to change input jumper settings. See 5.3 for details.
WARNING
All wiring should be done by an experienced technician and be installed
in accordance with national and local electrical codes. To avoid serious
personal injury and damage to equipment, follow all warnings and
cautions provided in the controller installation manuals.
42
To determine whether the controller in hand was calibrated at the factory for all input types, check the
model number on the label on the controller. The meaning of each character in the model number is in
the installation manual supplied with the controller.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
18.2 Determining the Simulated Input to be Used During Low
and High Calibration
18.2.1 Introduction
When calibrating the controller, you will remove the output wiring. You will remove the
input wiring and substitute an appropriate simulated input to the controller’s input
terminals.
•
When calibrating for an RTD input, you will apply an appropriate resistance value
across the input terminals using a “decade box” or precision resistors as described in
18.2.2.
•
When calibrating for an thermocouple input, you will use a thermocouple simulator to
provide input during calibration as described in 18.2.3.
•
When calibrating for a linear input, you will use a milliamp, millivolt, or voltage input
device as described in 18.2.4.
18.2.2 Simulating RTD Input for Calibration
When calibrating the controller for use with an RTD input, you will remove the output
wiring. You will remove the input wiring and substitute an appropriate resistance across
the controller’s input terminals. For this purpose, good results can be achieved using a
“decade box” type of calibrator or using precision resistors. Use of an “active resistance”
calibrator (that simulates resistance with its circuitry instead of actually providing the
resistance) may not produce satisfactory results.
Before calibrating the controller, you must determine the correct resistance to apply. Two
resistance values are used, one for low calibration and one for high calibration. For RTD
inputs, each of these resistances corresponds to a calibration low and calibration high
temperature. The calibration temperatures depend on the specific type of input. The
values can be read from the CALo (cal low) and CAHi (cal high) parameters in the CAL
(calibration) menu as described in Section 13.
For example, if the InP (input) menu tYPE (type) parameter is set to rtd and the Unit
(unit of measure) parameter in the dSPL menu is set to F (Fahrenheit), then the
calibration low value displayed will be 32 and the calibration high value displayed will be
1414.
The table below shows the resistance that represents the RTD calibration low and
calibration high temperatures. Use this table to determine what resistance to apply
across the input terminals when performing the calibration procedure described in this
section.
Low Calibration
Input
Resistance
Setting
in ohms
Temperature
Equivalent
in °F (°°C) [°°K]
High Calibration
Resistance
Setting
in ohms
Temperature Equivalent
in °F (°°C) [°°K]
RTD
100 ohms
32 °F (0 °C) [273 °K]
365.94 ohms
1414 °F (768 °C) [1041 °K]
RTD with
decimal
support
100 ohms
32 °F (0 °C) [273 °K]
221.95 ohms
622.4 °F (328 °C) [601.2 °K]
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Calibrating the Controller
18.2.3 Simulating Thermocouple Input for Calibration
When calibrating the controller for use with a thermocouple input, you will remove the
output wiring. You will remove the input wiring and substitute a simultated input provided
by a thermocouple simulator.
Before calibrating the controller, you must determine the correct temperature input values
to simulate during calibration. Two values are used, one for low calibration and one for
high calibration. The temperatures to be simulated depend on the specific type of input.
The values can be read from the CALo (cal low) and CAHi (cal high) parameters in the
CAL (calibration) menu as described in Section 13.
For example, if the InP (input) menu tYPE (type) parameter is set to J thermocouple and
the Unit (unit of measure) parameter in the dSPL menu is set to F (Fahrenheit), then the
calibration low value displayed will be 32 and the calibration high value displayed will be
1258.
Set the thermocouple simulator accordingly when performing the calibration procedure
described in this section.
18.2.4 Simulating Linear Input for Calibration
When calibrating the controller for use with a linear input, you will remove the output
wiring. You will remove the input wiring and substitute a simulated input provided by a
milliamp input device, millivolt input device, or voltage input device, depending on the
type of input you plan to use for control.
During calibration, you will simulate two process values: one for low calibration and one
for high calibration. In the case of linear inputs, these are usually the process values that
are configured for the SCL.L (linear input scaling low limit) and SCL.H (linear input scaling
high limit) parameters in the InP (input) menu. These scaling values are the values
displayed for the CALo (cal low) and CAHi (cal high) parameters in the CAL (calibration)
menu as described in Section 13.
Configure the input scaling parameters SCL.L and SCL.H before calibrating the controller.
During calibration, use the lowest input value for the calibration low value and the highest
input value for the calibration high value. For example, if you plan to use a 0 to 20 mA
input for control, then apply 0 (zero) mA to the input terminals during low calibration and
20 mA to the input terminals during high calibration.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
18.3 Preparing the Controller
To prepare the controller for calibration:
1. Make sure the access level in a 16C, 18C, or 25C is set to FACt (factory).
Instructions for viewing and changing the access level controller are in Section
17.
2. Go to the InP (input menu) and select the new input type as described in 5.5.
(For 1ZC controllers, refer to the Multi-Comm User’s Guide or Using MODBUS
with Series C (1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C) Controllers.) Be sure to press the
key when the new input type is on display, so that the change is written to the
controller’s database.
3. In the case of linear input types, also use the SCL.L and SCL.H (scaling low and
scaling high) parameters (in the input menu) to specify the PV represented by the
lowest possible linear input signal and the PV represented by the highest
possible linear input signal.
4. Remove power from the controller and disconnect all output wiring.
5. Disconnect the input wiring.
6. Attach an appropriate calibrator (or precision resistor representing the calibration
low process value) to the input terminals. (Refer to 18.2 to determine the type of
device to be used to calibrate for the input type you have selected.)
7. Power up the controller and put it in standby mode. Allow the controller to warm
up for fifteen minutes after you have attached the calibrator (or precision resistor
for the low calibration).
After the fifteen minute warm-up, you are ready to proceed with the calibration as
described in 18.4.
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Calibrating the Controller
18.4 Initiating the Calibration
To calibrate the controller after it has been prepared as described in 18.3
(including the fifteen minute warm-up period in standby mode):
1. For a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller, go to the CAL (calibration) menu and display CALo
(calibration low). It will alternate with the process value for which you must apply a
simulated input (see 18.2).
2. To initiate low calibration in a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller, when CALo is on display,
press the
or
key.
To initiate low calibration using a MODBUS write function, follow the instructions in
Using MODBUS Protocol with Athena Series C (1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C)
Controllers. (Special values must be written to the correct two MODBUS registers in
the same write operation.)
3. While the controller performs the calibration, the display on a 16C, 18C, or 25C will
freeze with CALo on the lower line. When the low calibration has been completed,
the lower line will display donE. (If the calibration is not successful, ErCL (error
calibration) will be displayed. You probably did not supply the correct simulated
input. Fix the problem and try again.)
4. After successfully doing the low cal operation, you are ready to continue with the high
calibration procedure.
If you are using a “decade box” calibrator, thermocouple calibrator, or linear input
source, switch to the appropriate input for the calibrate high operation.
If you are using precision resistors for RTD calibration, remove power from the
controller, remove the low calibration resistor, and install the high calibration resistor
across the input terminals, then power up the controller. After powering up the
controller, wait fifteen minutes before proceeding to the next step. (This fifteen
minute wait for warm-up is required only if the controller has been powered down to
permit you to change a precision resistor at the input terminals.)
5. Display CAHi. (If CALo is on display, press
to display CAHi.) CAHi will
alternate with the PV for which you must apply a simulated input (see 18.2).
6. To initiate high calibration in a 16C, 18C, or 25C controller, when CAHi is on display,
press the
or
key.
To initiate high calibration using a MODBUS write function, follow the instructions in
Using MODBUS Protocol with Athena Series C (1ZC, 16C, 18C, and 25C)
Controllers. (Special values must be written to the correct two MODBUS registers in
the same write operation.)
7. While the controller performs the calibration, the display on a 16C, 18C, or 25C will
freeze with CAHi on the lower line. When the high calibration has been completed,
the lower line will display donE. (If the calibration is not successful, ErCL (error
calibration) will be displayed. You probably did not supply the correct simulated
input. Fix the problem and try again.)
If both the low calibration and the high calibration were successful, you are ready to
return the controller to service as described in 18.5.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
18.5 Returning the Controller to Service
To return the controller to service:
1. Remove power from the controller.
2. Remove the precision resistor or calibrator from the inputs.
3. Replace the input and output wiring.
4. Power up the controller.
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19. Error Messages and Codes
19.1 Introduction
As described in Section 2, usually the controller displays the process variable on the top
line and the setpoint on the lower line of the display. When the controller is in a mode
other than normal (automatic), the mode alternates with the PV. However, when the
controller detects a problem with the input signal or with its own operation, messages and
codes are displayed to alert you to a condition that requires your immediate attention.
19.2 Problem with Input Signal
19.2.1 Introduction
When the controller detects a problem with the input signal, a message is displayed on
the top line in place of the process value. For example, if the controller detects an open
sensor when the setpoint is 250, the display would look like this:
ErHi
250
19.2.2 Input Error Messages
The table below lists the error messages and codes that the 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers display in place of the process value when a problem with the input is
detected by the controller. These error conditions can be read from all controllers
(including 1ZC controllers) by a MODBUS master or a Multi-Comm host.
When the controller detects any of these sensor problems, the controller’s outputs will go
to the percentage specified using the failsafe values (if any) configured using the FS01
and FS02 parameters in the SUPr (supervisor) menu (see 12.2).
Display
ErHi
Error Condition
open sensor
Operator Action
Check the sensor and wiring.
This message will clear when the problem has
been corrected.
ErLo
reversed sensor
Make sure the correct input type has been
selected for the input type parameter.
Check sensor polarity.
This message will clear when the problem has
been corrected.
LPbr
900M050U00
loop break; the input value
has not changed for the time
period specified using the
supervisor menu’s loop
break time parameter.
Check sensor and wiring.
This message will not clear automatically when
the problem has been corrected. You must
cycle the power to the controller to clear the
message and to cause the controller to resume
normal operation.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
19.3 Problem with Controller
19.3.1 Introduction
If the controller detects a problem with its own operation, it displays Err on the top line
instead of the process value and displays a numerical code on the lower line instead of
the setpoint. For example, if the controller detects a checksum error, the display will
show:
Err
0100
19.3.2 Controller Error Codes
The table below lists the error messages and codes that the 16C, 18C, and 25C
controllers display in place of the setpoint value when a self-diagnostic is failed by the
controller. These error conditions can be read from all controllers (including 1ZC
controllers) by a MODBUS master or a Multi-Comm host.
The effect of the error condition on the controller’s outputs depends on the error, as
described below.
Display
0100
Error Condition
controller processor
checksum error
Operator Action
Press any key to clear the message.
This message is usually
displayed only at startup,
before any outputs are
calculated.
0101
RAM error
Press any key to clear the message. .
This message is usually
displayed only at startup,
before any outputs are
calculated.
0202
default parameter values
were loaded automatically,
because the controller found
corrupted values stored on
the EEPROM
Press any key to clear the message.
Re-configure all configuration parameter
values, including input type. .
This message is usually
displayed only at startup,
before any outputs are
calculated.
0303
19-2
EEPROM write failure
Press any key to clear the message.
This message is usually
displayed only at startup,
before any outputs are
calculated.
Try the write operation again. If the message
recurs and persists, the EEPROM may be
worn out. Call for service. (See Note 1 below.)
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Error Codes
Display
3865
Error Condition
power fail resume feature
cannot be used
The EEPROM is worn out;
no storage space is
available for storage of
recipe execution information.
Therefore, this message is
displayed when power is
restored after a power failure
that occurred while a recipe
was being executed under
the direction of the
controller. When this
message is displayed,
execution of the recipe
cannot be resumed
automatically.
3630
through
3543
interrupt-related problem
While one of these
messages is on display, the
controller outputs are held at
the relay state or analog
output percentage in use
when the problem was
detected.
Operator Action
Press any key to clear the message.
Call for service. (See Note 1 below.)
Cycle the power to the controller. If the
message recurs and persists, call for service.
Note 1: A host computer can wear out the EEPROM by writing to it too many times. Do
not write the setpoint to the EEPROM when you are writing a temporary setpoint to the
controller, such as when you are ramping to a final setpoint under the direction of a
MODBUS master.
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20. Frequently Asked Questions
20.1 Introduction
You can reach our technical support team by phoning 1-800-782-6776 (from the United
States) or 610-828-2490 (from anywhere in the world).
Before you call, please look at this section to see if your question is covered here. If you
do call for technical assistance, be ready to supply the following information:
•
complete model number of controller
•
symptoms of the problem
•
unusual events, if any, that preceded the problem
•
remedies you have already tried
20.2 How do I change from thermocouple to RTD (or vice
versa)?
To change the type of sensor used (or to switch to a linear input), go to the input menu
and change the input type specified (see 5.5). If you change to a linear input type, you
can use input menu parameters to scale the input.
Unless the controller was ordered with the “calibrate all” choice, you must also recalibrate the controller for the new sensor type. (see Section 18).43
Because all temperature inputs (RTD and thermocouple) require the same input jumper
settings, you do not have to change JMP01 or JMP02 on the processor board. However,
if you change from a temperature input to a voltage signal above 100 mV or to a current
input, you must change the jumper settings (see 5.3).
43
To determine whether the controller in hand was calibrated at the factory for all input types, check the
model number on the label on the controller. The meaning of each character in the model number is in
the installation manual supplied with the controller.
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
20.3 Why doesn’t the PV displayed match the value on a
thermometer in the process?
Unless the thermometer and the sensor providing input to the controller are very close to
one another, their readings will not match in some applications, because of temperature
variations within the process. However, if you want the controller to maintain the
setpoint value at the location of the thermometer, instead of at the location of the sensor,
use the input menu’s bias parameter for RTD or thermocouple inputs. Applying bias
allows you to compensate for any difference between sensor temperature and the
location to be measured. The process variable and setpoint will be offset by the value
entered for the bias parameter. (See 5.6.1.)
For example, suppose you want the process to be 150 °F. However, the sensor
providing input to the controller is so close to the heater that it reads 50 degrees higher
than the process at the location of interest to you. Enter -50 as the bias value. Enter the
setpoint of 150. The setpoint 150 will be displayed. However, the controller will use a
setpoint of 200. The process value displayed will also be offset, so that when the
temperature at the sensor location next to the heater is 206 °F, the controller shows 156,
the temperature at the location of interest in the process.
20.4 Why does my compressor cycle so often?
If the controller’s output type parameter is set to PID, the controller attempts to moderate
the rate of change of the PV. PID control is not appropriate for devices such as
compressors that are either on or off. Change the output type to on/off.
•
When the on/off output action is configured for reverse action (heating
applications), the controller will apply 100% output if the process temperature is
below the setpoint and 0% if the PV is at the SV.
•
When the on/off output action is configured for direct action (cooling
applications), the controller will apply 100% output if the process temperature is
above the setpoint and 0% if the PV is at the SV.
The result of switching from PID to on/off will be a reduction in the cycling of the
compressor. The trade-off is greater oscillation of the process temperature. (If there is
still too much cycling, introduce hysteresis to the on/off control as described in 1.5.3.1.)
20.5 Why doesn’t the controller communicate with the host
computer?
When a controller has been communicating successfully with a MODBUS master or
Multi-Comm host computer, then stops communicating, the cause is most likely damage
to the network wiring. However, before going to search for the fault, take a quick look at
the communication settings on the serial menu. Make sure that the controller ID has not
been changed, and that the other communication settings match those used by the host.
(See 14.5.)
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 Athena Controls, Inc.
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Frequently Asked Questions
20.6 Why isn’t the setpoint displayed all the time?
The controller’s dSPL (display) menu contains a bLAn (setpoint blanking) parameter that
can be used to specify the number of seconds the setpoint is displayed. Once the
configured time period has elapsed the setpoint display will go blank and remain blank
until any key is pressed. Pressing any key will cause the controller to display the setpoint
again. The setpoint will remain on display until the period specified in the setpoint
blanking parameter has elapsed.
If you want the setpoint to be displayed all the time while the unit is in a control mode,
turn off the blanking function by setting the setpoint blanking parameter to OFF. (See
6.2.2 or 6.3.2.)
20.7 The last digit of the PV display changes very frequently.
How can I slow it down?
If the display is configured to show one or more decimal places, those values might
change frequently, sometimes so quickly that the value is hard to read. Go to the dSPL
(display) menu and increase the value of the dFIL (display filter) parameter. The display
filter parameter is used to specify the minimum time period between changes of the
displayed PV value. The display filter value has no effect on control. (See 6.2.2 or 6.3.2.)
In contrast, the input menu’s input filter does affect control, because the input filter is
used to specify the time period over which the controller will average the input values
before using the value in the calculation of control output values. (See 5.6.3 or 5.7.4.)
20.8 Why is the setpoint changing? I haven’t touched the
controller!
As described in 1.6, the setpoint used (and displayed) when the controller is operating in
“normal”mode (automatic) is not always entered by the operator as described in 2.4.2.
•
The active setpoint can come from a recipe; see 1.6.2.
•
The active setpoint can be written to the controller from a host computer; see 1.6.3.
•
A second setpoint can be used when an external device triggers an optional switch in
the controller; see 1.6.4.
•
The setpoint can come from an external device by means of an optional analog input;
see 1.6.5.
For the algorithm used by the controller to determine which setpoint is the “active”
setpoint, that is, the setpoint being used now, see 1.6.6.
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
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21. Index
A
C
access levels
described, 1-7, 17-1
menus, 2-5
active setpoint, 1-12
address for controller, 14-6, 14-8
alarm action, 1-13, 7-9, 9-3
alarm delay, 7-11, 9-5
alarm menu, 4-6, 9-1
alarm operation, 1-13, 7-10, 9-4
alarm option cards, 1-14
alarm outputs
configuration, 7-3, 7-9
described, 1-14
alarm setpoint, 7-12, 9-6
alarm value, 7-12, 9-6
alarms
configuration, 9-1, 9-3, 14-1
inhibiting, 7-11, 9-5
methods of annunciation, 1-3, 1-13, 9-1
types supported, 1-13
ALr menu. See alarm menu
analog auxiliary output, 14-2, 14-10
analog output cycle time, 7-6
Aout menu. See auxiliary output menu
Athena Plus protocol
configuring communication parameters, 14-3,
14-8
option cards, 14-1
parameter identifiers, 4-9, 15-1
auto reset, 1-8, 8-5, 8-6, 8-7, 16-1, 16-4, 16-5
automatic mode. See normal mode
Autotune
display, 2-2
parameters adjusted, 8-5
selection display, 1-5
Autotune damping menu, 1-7, 4-6, 10-1, 17-1
auxiliary output menu, 4-7, 14-2, 14-10
B
baud rate, 14-6, 14-8
bias, 5-9, 5-12, 20-2
blanking, 6-4, 6-6, 20-3
bumpless transfer, 1-2, 2-11
900M050U00
CAL menu. See calibration menu
calibrate all (ordering option), 3-1, 5-1, 13-1,
18-1, 20-1
calibration
linked to input type, 5-1
parameters, 13-1
permission to do, 1-7, 17-2
procedure, 18-1
calibration menu, 4-6
C-dI menu. See contact/digital input menu
changing
fixed output percentage, 2-11
input type, 5-1
mode, 2-10
setpoint, 2-10
checksum error, 19-2
communication
option card, 14-1, 14-3, 14-5, 14-6, 14-8
protocols supported, 1-4
configuration
display, 2-4
effect on output state, 2-4
example, 2-17
general information, 4-1
parameter sequence, 4-5
permission to access, 1-7, 17-1
sequence, 1-16, 1-18
standby mode, 1-6
viewing and changing values, 2-16
configuration (access level), 1-7, 17-2
configuring controllers
importance of sequence, 1-16
contact/digital input
menu, 4-6, 14-4, 14-11
option card, 1-12, 14-2
control menu, 4-5, 8-1
control types supported, 1-8
controller addresses, 14-6
CtrL menu. See control menu
current inputs, 5-1, 5-6, 5-12, 6-5, 13-1, 18-1
cycle time, 7-6
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Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
D
I
damping parameter, 10-1
data format, 14-7, 14-9
deadband for on/off control
configuration, 8-3
example, 1-10
decimal position, 6-3, 6-5
default values, 4-3
accepting, 4-8
message when loaded automatically, 19-2
restoring, 12-3
derivative action, 1-8, 8-5, 8-6, 16-1, 16-3, 16-4
deviation alarms, 1-13, 7-10, 7-12, 9-4, 9-6
digital input function, 14-2, 14-4, 14-5, 14-11
DIN rails, 1-2
direct output action, 7-4, 7-5
display
description, 1-2
startup, 1-17
display menu, 4-5, 6-1, 6-5
down key, 1-3, 2-8
dSPL menu. See display menu
E
EEPROM, writing setpoints, 1-11
error codes, 16-3, 19-1
events for recipes
alarm action, 9-3
configuration, 11-11, 11-13
LED use, 1-14
external alarms, 1-14
F
factory (access level), 1-7, 17-2
factory default values, 4-3
accepting, 4-8
restoring, 12-3
failsafe outputs, 12-2
filtering
display, 6-3, 6-5, 20-3
input, 5-10, 5-14
fixed output percentage, 1-5, 2-2, 2-11
permission to change, 1-7, 17-1
front panel, 2-1
H
IEEE register ordering, 14-7
inhibiting alarms, 7-11
InP menu. See input menu
input bias, 5-9, 5-12, 20-2
input failure, 12-2
input jumpers, 5-2
input menu, 4-5, 5-1, 5-4
input parameters, 1-16
input type, 5-6
inputs
bias, 5-9, 5-12, 20-2
failure, 12-2
filtering, 5-10, 5-14
scaling, 5-13
integral action, 1-8, 8-5, 8-7, 16-1, 16-4, 16-5
interrupt (unexpected or invalid), 19-3
inverse band alarms, 1-13, 7-10, 7-12, 9-4, 9-6
J
JMP01, 5-2
JMP02, 5-2
JMP03, 17-4
jumpers
input, 5-2
keypad, 17-4
K
keypad
disabling, 17-4
functions, 1-2, 2-8
using, 2-10
keypad lockout (access level), 1-7, 17-1
L
latching alarms, 1-13, 7-9, 9-3
clearing, 2-15
LEDs
alarms, 1-13, 9-1
functions, 1-3, 2-6
linear inputs, 1-16, 5-1, 5-6, 5-12, 6-5, 13-1, 18-1
loading default parameter values, 12-3
loop break detected, 2-2, 19-1
loop break time, 12-2
lowest reading, 12-3
highest reading, 12-3
holdback parameter, 11-1, 11-5, 11-9
hysteresis for on/off control
configuration, 8-3, 8-4
example, 1-9
limited by input scaling, 5-13
21-2
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Index
M
manual mode, 1-2, 2-2, 2-11
permission to change outputs, 1-7, 17-1
selection display, 1-5
manual reset, 1-8, 8-5, 8-6, 16-1, 16-4, 16-5
manual tuning procedure, 16-4
menu access key, 1-3, 2-8
menu system, 1-6
accessing, 2-16
display sequence, 2-4, 4-5
permission to access, 1-7, 2-5, 17-1
milliamp inputs, 5-1, 5-6, 5-12, 6-5, 13-1, 18-1
millivolt inputs, 5-1, 5-6, 5-12, 6-5, 13-1, 18-1
Modbus protocol
Autotuning with, 16-2
calibration with, 18-4
configuring communication parameters, 1-4,
14-3, 14-6, 20-2
manual tuning with, 16-4
option cards, 1-4, 14-1
programming controllers with, 1-2
reading error codes, 19-1, 19-2
recpe execution, 2-3
mode/enter key, 1-2, 2-8
modes of operation
displays, 2-2
permission to change, 1-7, 17-1
selecting, 1-5, 2-8
mounting controllers, 1-2
Multi-Comm application
Autotuning with, 16-2
calibration with, 18-4
error messages, 4-9, 15-1
executing recipes, 2-3
manual tuning with, 16-4
reading error codes, 19-1, 19-2
serial communication, 1-4, 14-8, 20-2
N
normal band alarms, 1-13, 7-10, 7-12, 9-4, 9-6
normal mode, 1-2, 1-11, 2-2, 2-11, 20-3
selection display, 1-5
O
on/off control
advantages and disadvantages, 1-9, 20-2
configuration, 7-4
output type, 7-3
on/off deadband
configuration, 8-3
example, 1-10
on/off hysteresis
configuration, 8-3, 8-4
example, 1-9
limited by input scaling, 5-13
open sensor detected, 2-2, 19-1
option cards, 14-1, 14-5, 14-8
option menu, 4-6, 14-1
900M050U00
OPtn menu. See option menu
OutP menu. See output menu
output failsafe values, 12-2
output menu, 4-5, 7-1
output range for PID, 7-7
outputs
functions, 1-2
state during standby mode, 2-4
state on power up, 1-17
use for alarms, 1-3, 7-9
overshoot, 1-8, 1-10, 3-5, 3-6, 10-1, 16-3
P
parameter display sequence, 4-5
parity, 14-7, 14-9
permission levels, 1-7, 17-1
phone number for tech support, 20-1
PID control
advantages and disadvantages, 1-8, 20-2
instructions for quick setup, 3-1
output action, 7-5
output type, 7-3
tuning, 10-1, 16-1
power failure resume, 11-10, 19-3
powering up controller, 1-17
process alarms, 1-13, 7-10, 7-12, 9-4, 9-6
process lag, 1-8
process value
display, 1-2, 20-3
displaying, 2-2
highest, 12-3
lowest, 12-3
retransmission, 14-10
processor board, 5-2, 17-4
proportional band, 1-8, 8-5, 8-6, 16-1, 16-3, 16-4,
16-5
Proportional-Integral-Derivative control. See PID
control
PV. See process value
R
RAM error, 19-2
RAM, writing setpoints, 1-11
ramp events, 9-3, 11-11
dedicating alarm, 1-14
ramp times, 11-1, 11-11
ramp/soak execution, 1-3
contact/digital input control, 14-2, 14-11
directed by external host, 2-3
holding, 1-5, 2-2, 2-13
resuming, 1-5, 2-13
starting, 2-2, 2-13
termination state, 2-13
ramp/soak menu, 1-7, 1-14, 4-6, 11-1, 17-1
 Athena Controls, Inc.
21-3
Series C Controller Configuration and Operation Manual
range
PID output, 7-7
setpoint, 5-14
rAS menu. See remote analog setpoint menu
rate, 1-8, 8-5, 8-6, 16-1, 16-3, 16-4
recipe events
configuring, 11-11, 11-13
dedicating alarm, 1-14, 9-3
LED use, 1-14
recipe holdback parameter, 11-5, 11-9
recipe option, 11-4
recipes
contact/digital input control, 14-2, 14-11
execution directed by external host, 2-3
holding, 1-5, 2-13
holding, 2-2
parameters, 11-1
resuming, 1-5, 2-13
setpoint, 1-11
starting, 2-2, 2-13
termination state, 2-13
recovery, 1-8, 3-5, 3-6, 10-1, 16-3
recycle number, 11-10
register ordering, 14-7
remote analog setpoint, 1-12, 14-2
remote analog setpoint menu, 4-7, 14-2, 14-4,
14-12
resume from power failure, 11-10
reverse output action, 7-4, 7-5
reversed sensor detected, 2-2, 19-1
r-S menu. See ramp/soak menu
RTD inputs, 1-16, 5-1, 5-6, 5-9, 6-3, 13-1, 18-1,
20-2
S
safety information, I
scaling
auxiliary output, 14-10
inputs, 1-16, 5-13
remote analog setpoint, 14-12
second setpoint, 1-12, 14-2, 14-11
security access levels
described, 1-7, 17-1
menus, 2-5
self-diagnostics failed, 2-3, 19-2
sensor failure, 12-2
sequence of configuration parameters, 1-16
serial communication. See communication
serial menu, 4-6
setpoint
alarm, 7-12, 9-6
at recipe termination, 11-6, 11-9
changing, 2-10, 14-2
displaying, 1-2, 1-17, 2-2
ramping to, 1-17, 2-13, 2-14, 11-5
retransmission, 14-10
specifying range, 5-10, 5-14
21-4
setpoint display blanking, 6-4, 6-6, 20-3
setpoint only (access level), 1-7, 17-1
setpoint plus mode (access level), 1-7, 17-1
setpoints, 1-11, 20-3
configuring, 1-12
single-setpoint ramp, 1-3, 1-17, 2-13, 11-5
soak events, 9-3, 11-13
dedicating alarm, 1-14
soak levels, 11-1, 11-12
soak times, 11-12
span adjustment, 5-1, 13-1, 18-1
standard outputs, 1-14, 7-1, 7-6
standby mode
accessing, 2-10
before configuration, 1-6
contact/digital input control, 14-2, 14-11
operational display, 2-2
selection display, 1-5
supervisor menu, 12-1
SUPr menu. See supervisor menu
T
technical support, 20-1
telephone number for tech support, 20-1
termination state, 11-6, 11-9
thermocouple inputs, 1-16, 5-1, 5-6, 5-9, 6-3,
13-1, 18-1, 20-2
transmission delay, 14-9
troubleshooting, 19-1, 20-1
tunE menu. See Autotune damping menu
tuning
automatically, 16-2
manual procedure, 16-4
parameters, 1-8, 8-1, 8-5, 16-1, 16-3, 16-4,
16-5
U
units of measure, 1-16, 6-4
up key, 1-3, 2-8
user (access level), 1-7, 17-1
user interface, 1-2, 2-1
V
voltage inputs, 5-1, 5-6, 5-12, 6-5, 13-1, 18-1
Z
zero offset, 5-1, 13-1, 18-1
 Athena Controls, Inc.
900M050U00
Filename:
ATHENA SERIES C CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION MANUAL 090401.doc
Directory:
T:\GODFILES\GRAPHIC DESIGN\INSTRUCTION MANUALS\SERIES C
Template:
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Templates\Normal.dot
Title:
Draft TOC for Multi-Comm User’s Guide
Subject:
Author:
Cheryl Cherry
Keywords:
Comments:
Creation Date:
09/07/01 9:05 AM
Change Number:
2
Last Saved On:
09/07/01 9:05 AM
Last Saved By:
Robert (Pigdog) Bennett
Total Editing Time:
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Last Printed On:
09/07/01 2:29 PM
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Number of Pages: 180
Number of Words: 41,776 (approx.)
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